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´╗┐Title: The Bride of Lammermoor
Author: Scott, Walter
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Bride of Lammermoor" ***

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by Sir Walter Scott


THE Author, on a former occasion, declined giving the real source
from which he drew the tragic subject of this history, because, though
occurring at a distant period, it might possibly be unpleasing to the
feelings of the descendants of the parties. But as he finds an account
of the circumstances given in the Notes to Law\x92s Memorials, by his
ingenious friend, Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, Esq., and also indicated
in his reprint of the Rev. Mr. Symson\x92s poems appended to the Large
Description of Galloway, as the original of the Bride of Lammermoor, the
Author feels himself now at liberty to tell the tale as he had it from
connexions of his own, who lived very near the period, and were closely
related to the family of the bride.

It is well known that the family of Dalrymple, which has produced,
within the space of two centuries, as many men of talent, civil and
military, and of literary, political, and professional eminence, as any
house in Scotland, first rose into distinction in the person of James
Dalrymple, one of the most eminent lawyers that ever lived, though the
labours of his powerful mind were unhappily exercised on a subject so
limited as Scottish jurisprudence, on which he has composed an admirable

He married Margaret, daughter to Ross of Balneel, with whom he obtained
a considerable estate. She was an able, politic, and high-minded woman,
so successful in what she undertook, that the vulgar, no way partial to
her husband or her family, imputed her success to necromancy. According
to the popular belief, this Dame Margaret purchased the temporal
prosperity of her family from the Master whom she served under a
singular condition, which is thus narrated by the historian of her
grandson, the great Earl of Stair: \x93She lived to a great age, and at
her death desired that she might not be put under ground, but that her
coffin should stand upright on one end of it, promising that while she
remained in that situation the Dalrymples should continue to flourish.
What was the old lady\x92s motive for the request, or whether she really
made such a promise, I shall not take upon me to determine; but
it\x92s certain her coffin stands upright in the isle of the church of
Kirklistown, the burial-place belonging to the family.\x94 The talents
of this accomplished race were sufficient to have accounted for
the dignities which many members of the family attained, without any
supernatural assistance. But their extraordinary prosperity was attended
by some equally singular family misfortunes, of which that which befell
their eldest daughter was at once unaccountable and melancholy.

Miss Janet Dalrymple, daughter of the first Lord Stair and Dame Margaret
Ross, had engaged herself without the knowledge of her parents to the
Lord Rutherford, who was not acceptable to them either on account of his
political principles or his want of fortune. The young couple broke
a piece of gold together, and pledged their troth in the most solemn
manner; and it is said the young lady imprecated dreadful evils on
herself should she break her plighted faith. Shortly after, a suitor
who was favoured by Lord Stair, and still more so by his lady, paid his
addresses to Miss Dalrymple. The young lady refused the proposal, and
being pressed on the subject, confessed her secret engagement. Lady
Stair, a woman accustomed to universal submission, for even her husband
did not dare to contradict her, treated this objection as a trifle, and
insisted upon her daughter yielding her consent to marry the new suitor,
David Dunbar, son and heir to David Dunbar of Baldoon, in Wigtonshire.
The first lover, a man of very high spirit, then interfered by letter,
and insisted on the right he had acquired by his troth plighted with the
young lady. Lady Stair sent him for answer, that her daughter, sensible
of her undutiful behaviour in entering into a contract unsanctioned by
her parents, had retracted her unlawful vow, and now refused to fulfil
her engagement with him.

The lover, in return, declined positively to receive such an answer from
any one but his mistress in person; and as she had to deal with a man
who was both of a most determined character and of too high condition
to be trifled with, Lady Stair was obliged to consent to an interview
between Lord Rutherford and her daughter. But she took care to be
present in person, and argued the point with the disappointed and
incensed lover with pertinacity equal to his own. She particularly
insisted on the Levitical law, which declares that a woman shall be
free of a vow which her parents dissent from. This is the passage of
Scripture she founded on:

\x93If a man vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear an oath to bind his soul
with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all
that proceedeth out of his mouth.

\x93If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself by a bond,
being in her father\x92s house in her youth; And her father hear her vow,
and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father shall
hold his peace at her: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond
wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.

\x93But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any
of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall
stand: and the Lord shall forgive her, because her father disallowed
her.\x94--Numbers xxx. 2-5.

While the mother insisted on these topics, the lover in vain conjured
the daughter to declare her own opinion and feelings. She remained
totally overwhelmed, as it seemed--mute, pale, and motionless as a
statue. Only at her mother\x92s command, sternly uttered, she summoned
strength enough to restore to her plighted suitor the piece of broken
gold which was the emblem of her troth. On this he burst forth into a
tremendous passion, took leave of the mother with maledictions, and as
he left the apartment, turned back to say to his weak, if not fickle,
mistresss: \x93For you, madam, you will be a world\x92s wonder\x94; a phrase by
which some remarkable degree of calamity is usually implied. He went
abroad, and returned not again. If the last Lord Rutherford was the
unfortunate party, he must have been the third who bore that title, and
who died in 1685.

The marriage betwixt Janet Dalrymple and David Dunbar of Baldoon now
went forward, the bride showing no repugnance, but being absolutely
passive in everything her mother commanded or advised. On the day of the
marriage, which, as was then usual, was celebrated by a great assemblage
of friends and relations, she was the same--sad, silent, and resigned,
as it seemed, to her destiny. A lady, very nearly connected with the
family, told the Author that she had conversed on the subject with one
of the brothers of the bride, a mere lad at the time, who had ridden
before his sister to church. He said her hand, which lay on his as she
held her arm around his waist, was as cold and damp as marble. But,
full of his new dress and the part he acted in the procession, the
circumstance, which he long afterwards remembered with bitter sorrow and
compunction, made no impression on him at the time.

The bridal feast was followed by dancing. The bride and bridegroom
retired as usual, when of a sudden the most wild and piercing cries were
heard from the nuptial chamber. It was then the custom, to prevent any
coarse pleasantry which old times perhaps admitted, that the key of
the nuptial chamber should be entrusted to the bridesman. He was called
upon, but refused at first to give it up, till the shrieks became so
hideous that he was compelled to hasten with others to learn the
cause. On opening the door, they found the bridegroom lying across the
threshold, dreadfully wounded, and streaming with blood. The bride
was then sought for. She was found in the corner of the large chimney,
having no covering save her shift, and that dabbled in gore. There she
sat grinning at them, mopping and mowing, as I heard the expression
used; in a word, absolutely insane. The only words she spoke were, \x93Tak
up your bonny bridegroom.\x94 She survived this horrible scene little more
than a fortnight, having been married on the 24th of August, and dying
on the 12th of September 1669.

The unfortunate Baldoon recovered from his wounds, but sternly
prohibited all inquiries respecting the manner in which he had received
them. \x93If a lady,\x94 he said, \x93asked him any question upon the subject,
he would neither answer her nor speak to her again while he lived; if
a gentleman, he would consider it as a mortal affront, and demand
satisfaction as having received such.\x94 He did not very long survive the
dreadful catastrophe, having met with a fatal injury by a fall from his
horse, as he rode between Leith and Holyrood House, of which he died the
next day, 28th March 1682. Thus a few years removed all the principal
actors in this frightful tragedy.

Various reports went abroad on this mysterious affair, many of them very
inaccurate, though they could hardly be said to be exaggerated. It
was difficult at that time to become acquainted with the history of a
Scottish family above the lower rank; and strange things sometimes took
place there, into which even the law did not scrupulously inquire.

The credulous Mr. Law says, generally, that the Lord President Stair had
a daughter, who, \x93being married, the night she was bride in, was taken
from her bridegroom and harled through the house (by spirits, we are
given to understand) and afterward died. Another daughter,\x94 he says,
\x93was supposed to be possessed with an evil spirit.\x94

My friend, Mr. Sharpe, gives another edition of the tale. According
to his information, ti was the bridegroom who wounded the bride. The
marriage, according to this account, had been against her mother\x92s
inclination, who had given her consent in these ominous words: \x93Weel,
you may marry him, but sair shall you repent it.\x94

I find still another account darkly insinuated in some highly scurrilous
and abusive verses, of which I have an original copy. They are docketed
as being written \x93Upon the late Viscount Stair and his family, by Sir
William Hamilton of Whitelaw. The marginals by William Dunlop, writer in
Edinburgh, a son of the Laird of Househill, and nephew to the said Sir
William Hamilton.\x94 There was a bitter and personal quarrel and rivalry
betwixt the author of this libel, a name which it richly deserves, and
Lord President Stair; and the lampoon, which is written with much more
malice than art, bears the following motto:

Stair\x92s neck, mind, wife, songs, grandson, and the rest, Are wry, false,
witch, pests, parricide, possessed.

This malignant satirist, who calls up all the misfortunes of the family,
does not forget the fatal bridal of Baldoon. He seems, though his verses
are as obscure as unpoetical, to intimate that the violence done to the
bridegroom was by the intervention of the foul fiend, to whom the young
lady had resigned herself, in case she should break her contract with
her first lover. His hypothesis is inconsistent with the account given
in the note upon Law\x92s Memorials, but easily reconcilable to the family

     In all Stair\x92s offspring we no difference know,
     They do the females as the males bestow;
     So he of one of his daughters\x92 marriages gave the ward,
     Like a true vassal, to Glenluce\x92s Laird;
     He knew what she did to her master plight,
     If she her faith to Rutherfurd should slight,
     Which, like his own, for greed he broke outright.
     Nick did Baldoon\x92s posterior right deride,
     And, as first substitute, did seize the bride;
     Whate\x92er he to his mistress did or said,
     He threw the bridegroom from the nuptial bed,
     Into the chimney did so his rival maul,
     His bruised bones ne\x92er were cured but by the fall.

One of the marginal notes ascribed to William Dunlop applies to the
above lines. \x93She had betrothed herself to Lord Rutherfoord under horrid
imprecations, and afterwards married Baldoon, his nevoy, and her mother
was the cause of her breach of faith.\x94

The same tragedy is alluded to in the following couplet and note:

What train of curses that base brood pursues, When the young nephew weds
old uncle\x92s spouse.

The note on the word \x93uncle\x94 explains it as meaning \x93Rutherfoord, who
should have married the Lady Baldoon, was Baldoon\x92s uncle.\x94 The poetry
of this satire on Lord Stair and his family was, as already noticed,
written by Sir William Hamilton of Whitelaw, a rival of Lord Stair
for the situation of President of the Court of Session; a person much
inferior to that great lawyer in talents, and equally ill-treated by the
calumny or just satire of his contemporaries as an unjust and partial
judge. Some of the notes are by that curious and laborious antiquary,
Robert Milne, who, as a virulent Jacobite, willingly lent a hand to
blacken the family of Stair.

Another poet of the period, with a very different purpose, has left
an elegy, in which he darkly hints at and bemoans the fate of the
ill-starred young person, whose very uncommon calamity Whitelaw, Dunlop,
and Milne thought a fitting subject for buffoonery and ribaldry. This
bard of milder mood was Andrew Symson, before the Revolution minister
of Kirkinner, in Galloway, and after his expulsion as an Episcopalian
following the humble occupation of a printer in Edinburgh. He furnished
the family of Baldoon, with which he appears to have been intimate, with
an elegy on the tragic event in their family. In this piece he treats
the mournful occasion of the bride\x92s death with mysterious solemnity.

The verses bear this title, \x93On the unexpected death of the virtuous
Lady Mrs. Janet Dalrymple, Lady Baldoon, younger,\x94 and afford us the
precise dates of the catastrophe, which could not otherwise have been
easily ascertained. \x93Nupta August 12. Domum Ducta August 24. Obiit
September 12. Sepult. September 30, 1669.\x94 The form of the elegy is
a dialogue betwixt a passenger and a domestic servant. The first,
recollecting that he had passed that way lately, and seen all around
enlivened by the appearances of mirth and festivity, is desirous to know
what had changed so gay a scene into mourning. We preserve the reply of
the servant as a specimen of Mr. Symson\x92s verses, which are not of the
first quality:

     Sir, \x91tis truth you\x92ve told.
     We did enjoy great mirth; but now, ah me!
     Our joyful song\x92s turn\x92d to an elegie.
     A virtuous lady, not long since a bride,
     Was to a hopeful plant by marriage tied,
     And brought home hither. We did all rejoice,
     Even for her sake. But presently our voice
     Was turn\x92d to mourning for that little time
     That she\x92d enjoy: she waned in her prime,
     For Atropus, with her impartial knife,
     Soon cut her thread, and therewithal her life;
     And for the time we may it well remember,
     It being in unfortunate September;                   .
     Where we must leave her till the resurrection.
     \x91Tis then the Saints enjoy their full perfection.

Mr. Symson also poured forth his elegiac strains upon the fate of
the widowed bridegroom, on which subject, after a long and querulous
effusion, the poet arrives at the sound conclusion, that if Baldoon had
walked on foot, which it seems was his general custom, he would have
escaped perishing by a fall from horseback. As the work in which it
occurs is so scarce as almost to be unique, and as it gives us the most
full account of one of the actors in this tragic tale which we have
rehearsed, we will, at the risk of being tedious, insert some short
specimens of Mr. Symson\x92s composition. It is entitled:

\x93A Funeral Elegie, occasioned by the sad and much lamented death of that
worthily respected, and very much accomplished gentleman, David Dunbar,
younger, of Baldoon, only son and apparent heir to the right worshipful
Sir David Dunbar of Baldoon, Knight Baronet. He departed this life on
March 28, 1682, having received a bruise by a fall, as he was riding
the day preceding betwixt Leith and Holyrood House; and was honourably
interred in the Abbey Church of Holyrood House, on April 4, 1682.\x94

     Men might, and very justly too, conclude
     Me guilty of the worst ingratitude,
     Should I be silent, or should I forbear
     At this sad accident to shed a tear;
     A tear! said I? ah! that\x92s a petit thing,
     A very lean, slight, slender offering,
     Too mean, I\x92m sure, for me, wherewith t\x92attend
     The unexpected funeral of my friend:
     A glass of briny tears charged up to th\x92 brim.
     Would be too few for me to shed for him.

The poet proceeds to state his intimacy with the deceased, and the
constancy of the young man\x92s attendance on public worship, which
was regular, and had such effect upon two or three other that were
influenced by his example:

     So that my Muse \x91gainst Priscian avers,
     He, only he, WERE my parishioners;
     Yea, and my only hearers.

He then describes the deceased in person and manners, from which it
appears that more accomplishments were expected in the composition of a
fine gentleman in ancient than modern times:

     His body, though not very large or tall,
     Was sprightly, active, yea and strong withal.
     His constitution was, if right I\x92ve guess\x92d,
     Blood mixt with choler, said to be the best.
     In\x92s gesture, converse, speech, discourse, attire,
     He practis\x92d that which wise men still admire,
     Commend, and recommend. What\x92s that? you\x92ll say.
     \x91Tis this: he ever choos\x92d the middle way
     \x91Twixt both th\x92 extremes. Amost in ev\x92ry thing
     He did the like, \x91tis worth our noticing:
     Sparing, yet not a niggard; liberal,
     And yet not lavish or a prodigal,
     As knowing when to spend and when to spare;
     And that\x92s a lesson which not many are
     Acquainted with. He bashful was, yet daring
     When he saw cause, and yet therein not sparing;
     Familiar, yet not common, for he knew
     To condescend, and keep his distance too.
     He us\x92d, and that most commonly, to go
     On foot; I wish that he had still done so.
     Th\x92 affairs of court were unto him well known;
     And yet meanwhile he slighted not his own.
     He knew full well how to behave at court,
     And yet but seldom did thereto resort;
     But lov\x92d the country life, choos\x92d to inure
     Himself to past\x92rage and agriculture;
     Proving, improving, ditching, trenching, draining,
     Viewing, reviewing, and by those means gaining;
     Planting, transplanting, levelling, erecting
     Walls, chambers, houses, terraces; projecting
     Now this, now that device, this draught, that measure,
     That might advance his profit with his pleasure.
     Quick in his bargains, honest in commerce,
     Just in his dealings, being much adverse
     From quirks of law, still ready to refer
     His cause t\x92 an honest country arbiter.
     He was acquainted with cosmography,
     Arithmetic, and modern history;
     With architecture and such arts as these,
     Which I may call specifick sciences
     Fit for a gentleman; and surely he
     That knows them not, at least in some degree,
     May brook the title, but he wants the thing,
     Is but a shadow scarce worth noticing.
     He learned the French, be\x92t spoken to his praise,
     In very little more than fourty days.

Then comes the full burst of woe, in which, instead of saying much
himself, the poet informs us what the ancients would have said on such
an occasion:

     A heathen poet, at the news, no doubt,
     Would have exclaimed, and furiously cry\x92d out
     Against the fates, the destinies and starrs,
     What! this the effect of planetarie warrs!
     We might have seen him rage and rave, yea worse,
     \x91Tis very like we might have heard him curse
     The year, the month, the day, the hour, the place,
     The company, the wager, and the race;
     Decry all recreations, with the names
     Of Isthmian, Pythian, and Olympick games;
     Exclaim against them all both old and new,
     Both the Nemaean and the Lethaean too:
     Adjudge all persons, under highest pain,
     Always to walk on foot, and then again
     Order all horses to be hough\x92d, that we
     Might never more the like adventure see.

Supposing our readers have had enough of Mr. Symson\x92s woe, and finding
nothing more in his poem worthy of transcription, we return to the
tragic story.

It is needless to point out to the intelligent reader that the
witchcraft of the mother consisted only in the ascendency of a powerful
mind over a weak and melancholy one, and that the harshness with which
she exercised her superiority in a case of delicacy had driven her
daughter first to despair, then to frenzy. Accordingly, the Author
has endeavoured to explain the tragic tale on this principle. Whatever
resemblance Lady Ashton may be supposed to possess to the celebrated
Dame Margaret Ross, the reader must not suppose that there was any idea
of tracing the portrait of the first Lord Viscount Stair in the tricky
and mean-spirited Sir William Ashton. Lord Stair, whatever might be his
moral qualities, was certainly one of the first statesmen and lawyers of
his age.

The imaginary castle of Wolf\x92s Crag has been identified by some lover of
locality with that of Fast Castle. The Author is not competent to judge
of the resemblance betwixt the real and imaginary scenes, having never
seen Fast Castle except from the sea. But fortalices of this description
are found occupying, like ospreys\x92 nests, projecting rocks, or
promontories, in many parts of the eastern coast of Scotland, and the
position of Fast Castle seems certainly to resemble that of Wolf\x92s
Crag as much as any other, while its vicinity to the mountain ridge of
Lammermoor renders the assimilation a probable one.

We have only to add, that the death of the unfortunate bridegroom by
a fall from horseback has been in the novel transferred to the no less
unfortunate lover.


     By Cauk and keel to win your bread,
     Wi\x92 whigmaleeries for them wha need,
     Whilk is a gentle trade indeed
     To carry the gaberlunzie on.

     Old Song.

FEW have been in my secret while I was compiling these narratives, nor
is it probable that they will ever become public during the life of
their author. Even were that event to happen, I am not ambitious of the
honoured distinction, digito monstrari. I confess that, were it safe to
cherish such dreams at all, I should more enjoy the thought of remaining
behind the curtain unseen, like the ingenious manager of Punch and his
wife Joan, and enjoying the astonishment and conjectures of my audience.
Then might I, perchance, hear the productions of the obscure Peter
Pattieson praised by the judicious and admired by the feeling,
engrossing the young and attracting even the old; while the critic
traced their fame up to some name of literary celebrity, and the
question when, and by whom, these tales were written filled up the pause
of conversation in a hundred circles and coteries. This I may never
enjoy during my lifetime; but farther than this, I am certain, my vanity
should never induce me to aspire.

I am too stubborn in habits, and too little polished in manners, to envy
or aspire to the honours assigned to my literary contemporaries. I could
not think a whit more highly of myself were I found worthy to \x93come in
place as a lion\x94 for a winter in the great metropolis. I could not rise,
turn round, and show all my honours, from the shaggy mane to the tufted
tail, \x93roar you an\x92t were any nightingale,\x94 and so lie down again like a
well-behaved beast of show, and all at the cheap and easy rate of a
cup of coffee and a slice of bread and butter as thin as a wafer. And
I could ill stomach the fulsome flattery with which the lady of the
evening indulges her show-monsters on such occasions, as she crams her
parrots with sugar-plums, in order to make them talk before company. I
cannot be tempted to \x93come aloft\x94 for these marks of distinction, and,
like imprisoned Samson, I would rather remain--if such must be the
alternative--all my life in the mill-house, grinding for my very bread,
than be brought forth to make sport for the Philistine lords and ladies.
This proceeds from no dislike, real or affected, to the aristocracy of
these realms. But they have their place, and I have mine; and, like
the iron and earthen vessels in the old fable, we can scarce come
into collision without my being the sufferer in every sense. It may be
otherwise with the sheets which I am now writing. These may be opened
and laid aside at pleasure; by amusing themselves with the perusal, the
great will excite no false hopes; by neglecting or condemning them, they
will inflict no pain; and how seldom can they converse with those whose
minds have toiled for their delight without doing either the one or the

In the better and wiser tone of feeling with Ovid only expresses in one
line to retract in that which follows, I can address these quires--

Parve, nec invideo, sine me, liber, ibis in urbem.

Nor do I join the regret of the illustrious exile, that he himself could
not in person accompany the volume, which he sent forth to the mart
of literature, pleasure, and luxury. Were there not a hundred similar
instances on record, the rate of my poor friend and school-fellow, Dick
Tinto, would be sufficient to warn me against seeking happiness in the
celebrity which attaches itself to a successful cultivator of the fine

Dick Tinto, when he wrote himself artist, was wont to derive his origin
from the ancient family of Tinto, of that ilk, in Lanarkshire, and
occasionally hinted that he had somewhat derogated from his gentle blood
in using the pencil for his principal means of support. But if Dick\x92s
pedigree was correct, some of his ancestors must have suffered a more
heavy declension, since the good man his father executed the necessary,
and, I trust, the honest, but certainly not very distinguished,
employment of tailor in ordinary to the village of Langdirdum in the
west.. Under his humble roof was Richard born, and to his father\x92s
humble trade was Richard, greatly contrary to his inclination, early
indentured. Old Mr. Tinto had, however, no reason to congratulate
himself upon having compelled the youthful genius of his son to forsake
its natural bent. He fared like the school-boy who attempts to stop with
his finger the spout of a water cistern, while the stream, exasperated
at this compression, escapes by a thousand uncalculated spurts, and wets
him all over for his pains. Even so fared the senior Tinto, when his
hopeful apprentice not only exhausted all the chalk in making sketches
upon the shopboard, but even executed several caricatures of his
father\x92s best customers, who began loudly to murmur, that it was too
hard to have their persons deformed by the vestments of the father, and
to be at the same time turned into ridicule by the pencil of the son.
This led to discredit and loss of practice, until the old tailor,
yielding to destiny and to the entreaties of his son, permitted him to
attempt his fortune in a line for which he was better qualified.

There was about this time, in the village of Langdirdum, a peripatetic
brother of the brush, who exercised his vocation sub Jove frigido, the
object of admiration of all the boys of the village, but especially
to Dick Tinto. The age had not yet adopted, amongst other unworthy
retrenchments, that illiberal measure of economy which, supplying by
written characters the lack of symbolical representation, closes one
open and easily accessible avenue of instruction and emolument against
the students of the fine arts. It was not yet permitted to write upon
the plastered doorway of an alehouse, or the suspended sign of an
inn, \x93The Old Magpie,\x94 or \x93The Saracen\x92s Head,\x94 substituting that cold
description for the lively effigies of the plumed chatterer, or the
turban\x92d frown of the terrific soldan. That early and more simple age
considered alike the necessities of all ranks, and depicted the symbols
of good cheer so as to be obvious to all capacities; well judging that a
man who could not read a syllable might nevertheless love a pot of good
ale as well as his better-educated neighbours, or even as the parson
himself. Acting upon this liberal principle, publicans as yet hung forth
the painted emblems of their calling, and sign-painters, if they seldom
feasted, did not at least absolutely starve.

To a worthy of this decayed profession, as we have already intimated,
Dick Tinto became an assistant; and thus, as is not unusual among
heaven-born geniuses in this department of the fine arts, began to paint
before he had any notion of drawing.

His talent for observing nature soon induced him to rectify the errors,
and soar above the instructions, of his teacher. He particularly
shone in painting horses, that being a favourite sign in the Scottish
villages; and, in tracing his progress, it is beautiful to observe how
by degrees he learned to shorten the backs and prolong the legs of these
noble animals, until they came to look less like crocodiles, and
more like nags. Detraction, which always pursues merit with strides
proportioned to its advancement, has indeed alleged that Dick once upon
a time painted a horse with five legs, instead of four. I might have
rested his defence upon the license allowed to that branch of his
profession, which, as it permits all sorts of singular and irregular
combinations, may be allowed to extend itself so far as to bestow a limb
supernumerary on a favourite subject. But the cause of a deceased friend
is sacred; and I disdain to bottom it so superficially. I have visited
the sign in question, which yet swings exalted in the village of
Langdirdum; and I am ready to depone upon the oath that what has been
idly mistaken or misrepresented as being the fifth leg of the horse, is,
in fact, the tail of that quadruped, and, considered with reference to
the posture in which he is delineated, forms a circumstance introduced
and managed with great and successful, though daring, art. The nag
being represented in a rampant or rearing posture, the tail, which is
prolonged till it touches the ground, appears to form a point d\x92appui,
and gives the firmness of a tripod to the figure, without which it would
be difficult to conceive, placed as the feet are, how the courser could
maintain his ground without tumbling backwards. This bold conception has
fortunately fallen into the custody of one by whom it is duly valued;
for, when Dick, in his more advanced state of proficiency, became
dubious of the propriety of so daring a deviation to execute a picture
of the publican himself in exchange for this juvenile production,
the courteous offer was declined by his judicious employer, who
had observed, it seems, that when his ale failed to do its duty in
conciliating his guests, one glance at his sign was sure to put them in
good humour.

It would be foreign to my present purpose to trace the steps by which
Dick Tinto improved his touch, and corrected, by the rules of art, the
luxuriance of a fervid imagination. The scales fell from his eyes on
viewing the sketches of a contemporary, the Scottish Teniers, as
Wilkie has been deservedly styled. He threw down the brush took up
the crayons, and, amid hunger and toil, and suspense and uncertainty,
pursued the path of his profession under better auspices than those of
his original master. Still the first rude emanations of his genius, like
the nursery rhymes of Pope, could these be recovered, will be dear to
the companions of Dick Tinto\x92s youth. There is a tankard and gridiron
painted over the door of an obscure change-house in the Back Wynd of
Gandercleugh----But I feel I must tear myself from the subject, or dwell
on it too long.

Amid his wants and struggles, Dick Tinto had recourse, like his
brethren, to levying that tax upon the vanity of mankind which he could
not extract from their taste and liberality--on a word, he painted
portraits. It was in this more advanced state of proficiency, when Dick
had soared above his original line of business, and highly disdained any
allusion to it, that, after having been estranged for several years,
we again met in the village of Gandercleugh, I holding my present
situation, and Dick painting copies of the human face divine at a guinea
per head. This was a small premium, yet, in the first burst of business,
it more than sufficed for all Dick\x92s moderate wants; so that he occupied
an apartment at the Wallace Inn, cracked his jest with impunity even
upon mine host himself, and lived in respect and observance with the
chambermaid, hostler, and waiter.

Those halcyon days were too serene to last long. When his honour the
Laird of Gandercleugh, with his wife and three daughters, the minister,
the gauger, mine esteemed patron Mr. Jedediah Cleishbotham, and some
round dozen of the feuars and farmers, had been consigned to immortality
by Tinto\x92s brush, custom began to slacken, and it was impossible to
wring more than crowns and half-crowns from the hard hands of the
peasants whose ambition led them to Dick\x92s painting-room.

Still, though the horizon was overclouded, no storm for some time
ensued. Mine host had Christian faith with a lodger who had been a
good paymaster as long as he had the means. And from a portrait of our
landlord himself, grouped with his wife and daughters, in the style of
Rubens, which suddenly appeared in the best parlour, it was evident that
Dick had found some mode of bartering art for the necessaries of life.

Nothing, however, is more precarious than resources of this nature. It
was observed that Dick became in his turn the whetstone of mine host\x92s
wit, without venturing either at defence or retaliation; that his easel
was transferred to a garret-room, in which there was scarce space for
it to stand upright; and that he no longer ventured to join the weekly
club, of which he had been once the life and soul. In short, Dick
Tinto\x92s friends feared that he had acted like the animal called the
sloth, which, heaving eaten up the last green leaf upon the tree where
it has established itself, ends by tumbling down from the top, and
dying of inanition. I ventured to hint this to Dick, recommended his
transferring the exercise of his inestimable talent to some other
sphere, and forsaking the common which he might be said to have eaten

\x93There is an obstacle to my change of residence,\x94 said my friend,
grasping my hand with a look of solemnity.

\x93A bill due to my landlord, I am afraid?\x94 replied I, with heartfelt
sympathy; \x93if any part of my slender means can assist in this

\x93No, by the soul of Sir Joshua!\x94 answered the generous youth, \x93I will
never involve a friend in the consequences of my own misfortune. There
is a mode by which I can regain my liberty; and to creep even through a
common sewer is better than to remain in prison.\x94

I did not perfectly understand what my friend meant. The muse of
painting appeared to have failed him, and what other goddess he could
invoke in his distress was a mystery to me. We parted, however, without
further explanation, and I did not see him until three days after, when
he summoned me to partake of the \x93foy\x94 with which his landlord proposed
to regale him ere his departure for Edinburgh.

I found Dick in high spirits, whistling while he buckled the small
knapsack which contained his colours, brushes, pallets, and clean shirt.
That he parted on the best terms with mine host was obvious from the
cold beef set forth in the low parlour, flanked by two mugs of admirable
brown stout; and I own my curiosity was excited concerning the means
through which the face of my friend\x92s affairs had been so suddenly
improved. I did not suspect Dick of dealing with the devil, and by what
earthly means he had extricated himself thus happily I was at a total
loss to conjecture.

He perceived my curiosity, and took me by the hand. \x93My friend,\x94 he
said, \x93fain would I conceal, even from you, the degradation to which
it has been necessary to submit, in order to accomplish an honourable
retreat from Gandercleaugh. But what avails attempting to conceal that
which must needs betray itself even by its superior excellence? All
the village--all the parish--all the world--will soon discover to what
poverty has reduced Richard Tinto.\x94

A sudden thought here struck me. I had observed that our landlord wore,
on that memorable morning, a pair of bran new velveteens instead of his
ancient thicksets.

\x93What,\x94 said I, drawing my right hand, with the forefinger and thumb
pressed together, nimbly from my right haunch to my left shoulder, \x93you
have condescended to resume the paternal arts to which you were first
bred--long stitches, ha, Dick?\x94

He repelled this unlucky conjecture with a frown and a pshaw, indicative
of indignant contempt, and leading me into another room, showed me,
resting against the wall, the majestic head of Sir William Wallace, grim
as when severed from the trunk by the orders of the Edward.

The painting was executed on boards of a substantial thickness, and
the top decorated with irons, for suspending the honoured effigy upon a

\x93There,\x94 he said, \x93my friend, stands the honour of Scotland, and my
shame; yet not so--rather the shame of those who, instead of encouraging
art in its proper sphere, reduce it to these unbecoming and unworthy

I endeavoured to smooth the ruffled feelings of my misused and indignant
friend. I reminded him that he ought not, like the stag in the fable, to
despise the quality which had extricated him from difficulties, in
which his talents, as a portrait or landscape painter, had been found
unavailing. Above all, I praised the execution, as well as conception,
of his painting, and reminded him that, far from feeling dishonoured by
so superb a specimen of his talents being exposed to the general view
of the public, he ought rather to congratulate himself upon the
augmentation of his celebrity to which its public exhibition must
necessarily give rise.

\x93You are right, my friend--you are right,\x94 replied poor Dick, his eye
kindling with enthusiasm; \x93why should I shun the name of an--an--(he
hesitated for a phrase)--an out-of-doors artist? Hogarth has introduced
himself in that character in one of his best engravings; Domenichino,
or somebody else, in ancient times, Morland in our own, have exercised
their talents in this manner. And wherefore limit to the rich and
higher classes alone the delight which the exhibition of works of art is
calculated to inspire into all classes? Statues are placed in the
open air, why should Painting be more niggardly in displaying her
masterpieces than her sister Sculpture? And yet, my friend, we must part
suddenly; the carpenter is coming in an hour to put up the--the emblem;
and truly, with all my philosophy, and your consolatory encouragement
to boot, I would rather wish to leave Gandercleugh before that operation

We partook of our genial host\x92s parting banquet, and I escorted Dick on
his walk to Edinburgh. We parted about a mile from the village, just as
we heard the distant cheer of the boys which accompanied the mounting
of the new symbol of the Wallace Head. Dick Tinto mended his pace to get
out of hearing, so little had either early practice or recent philosophy
reconciled him to the character of a sign-painter.

In Edinburgh, Dick\x92s talents were discovered and appreciated, and he
received dinners and hints from several distinguished judges of the fine
arts. But these gentlemen dispensed their criticism more willingly than
their cash, and Dick thought he needed cash more than criticism. He
therefore sought London, the universal mart of talent, and where, as is
usual in general marts of most descriptions, much more of each commodity
is exposed to sale than can ever find purchasers.

Dick, who, in serious earnest, was supposed to have considerable natural
talents for his profession, and whose vain and sanguine disposition
never permitted him to doubt for a moment of ultimate success, threw
himself headlong into the crowd which jostled and struggled for notice
and preferment. He elbowed others, and was elbowed himself; and finally,
by dint of intrepidity, fought his way into some notice, painted for
the prize at the Institution, had pictures at the exhibition at Somerset
House, and damned the hanging committee. But poor Dick was doomed to
lose the field he fought so gallantly. In the fine arts, there is scarce
an alternative betwixt distinguished success and absolute failure; and
as Dick\x92s zeal and industry were unable to ensure the first, he
fell into the distresses which, in his condition, were the natural
consequences of the latter alternative. He was for a time patronised
by one or two of those judicious persons who make a virtue of being
singular, and of pitching their own opinions against those of the world
in matters of taste and criticism. But they soon tired of poor Tinto,
and laid him down as a load, upon the principle on which a spoilt child
throws away its plaything. Misery, I fear, took him up, and accompanied
him to a premature grave, to which he was carried from an obscure
lodging in Swallow Street, where he had been dunned by his landlady
within doors, and watched by bailiffs without, until death came to
his relief. A corner of the Morning Post noticed his death, generously
adding, that his manner displayed considerable genius, though his style
was rather sketchy; and referred to an advertisement, which announced
that Mr. Varnish, a well-known printseller, had still on hand a very
few drawings and painings by Richard Tinto, Esquire, which those of
the nobility and gentry who might wish to complete their collections of
modern art were invited to visit without delay. So ended Dick Tinto! a
lamentable proof of the great truth, that in the fine arts mediocrity
is not permitted, and that he who cannot ascend to the very top of the
ladder will do well not to put his foot upon it at all.

The memory of Tinto is dear to me, from the recollection of the many
conversations which we have had together, most of them turning upon
my present task. He was delighted with my progress, and talked of an
ornamented and illustrated edition, with heads, vignettes, and culs de
lampe, all to be designed by his own patriotic and friendly pencil.
He prevailed upon an old sergeant of invalids to sit to him in the
character of Bothwell, the lifeguard\x92s-man of Charles the Second, and
the bellman of Gandercleugh in that of David Deans. But while he thus
proposed to unite his own powers with mine for the illustration of
these narratives, he mixed many a dose of salutary criticism with the
panegyrics which my composition was at times so fortunate as to call

\x93Your characters,\x94 he said, \x93my dear Pattieson, make too much use of
the gob box; they patter too much (an elegant phraseology which Dick had
learned while painting the scenes of an itinerant company of players);
there is nothing in whole pages but mere chat and dialogue.\x94

\x93The ancient philosopher,\x94 said I in reply, \x93was wont to say, \x91Speak,
that I may know thee\x92; and how is it possible for an author to introduce
his personae dramatis to his readers in a more interesting and effectual
manner than by the dialogue in which each is represented as supporting
his own appropriate character?\x94

\x93It is a false conclusion,\x94 said Tinto; \x93I hate it, Peter, as I hate
an unfilled can. I grant you, indeed, that speech is a faculty of some
value in the intercourse of human affairs, and I will not even insist on
the doctrine of that Pythagorean toper, who was of opinion that over
a bottle speaking spoiled conversation. But I will not allow that a
professor of the fine arts has occasion to embody the idea of his scene
in language, in order to impress upon the reader its reality and its
effect. On the contrary, I will be judged by most of your readers,
Peter, should these tales ever become public, whether you have not
given us a page of talk for every single idea which two words might have
communicated, while the posture, and manner, and incident, accurately
drawn, and brougth out by appropriate colouring, would have preserved
all that was worthy of preservation, and saved these everlasting \x91said
he\x92s\x92 and \x91said she\x92s,\x92 with which it has been your pleasure to encumber
your pages.\x94

I replied, \x93That he confounded the operations of the pencil and the pen;
that the serene and silent art, as painting has been called by one of
our first living poets, necessarily appealed to the eye, because it had
not the organs for addressing the ear; whereas poetry, or that species
of composition which approached to it, lay under the necessity of doing
absolutely the reverse, and addressed itself to the ear, for the purpose
of exciting that interest which it could not attain through the medium
of the eye.\x94

Dick was not a whit staggered by my argument, which he contended was
founded on misrepresentation. \x93Description,\x94 he said, \x93was to the author
of a romance exactly what drawing and tinting were to a painter: words
were his colours, and, if properly employed, they could not fail to
place the scene which he wished to conjure up as effectually before the
mind\x92s eye as the tablet or canvas presents it to the bodily organ.
The same rules,\x94 he contended, \x93applied to both, and an exuberance
of dialogue, in the former case, was a verbose and laborious mode
of composition which went to confound the proper art of fictitious
narrative with that of the drama, a widely different species of
composition, of which dialogue was the very essence, because all,
excepting the language to be made use of, was presented to the eye by
the dresses, and persons, and actions of the performers upon the stage.
But as nothing,\x94 said Dick, \x93can be more dull than a long narrative
written upon the plan of a drama, so where you have approached most near
to that species of composition, by indulging in prolonged scenes of mere
conversation, the course of your story has become chill and constrained,
and you have lost the power of arresting the attention and exciting
the imagination, in which upon other occasions you may be considered as
having succeeded tolerably well.\x94

I made my bow in requital of the compliment, which was probably thrown
in by way of placebo, and expressed myself willing at least to make one
trial of a more straightforward style of composition, in which my actors
should do more, and say less, than in my former attempts of this kind.
Dick gave me a patronising and approving nod, and observed that, finding
me so docile, he would communicate, for the benefit of my muse, a
subject which he had studied with a view to his own art.

\x93The story,\x94 he said, \x93was, by tradition, affirmed to be truth,
although, as upwards of a hundred years had passed away since the events
took place, some doubts upon the accuracy of all the particulars might
be reasonably entertained.\x94

When Dick Tinto had thus spoken, he rummaged his portfolio for the
sketch from which he proposed one day to execute a picture of fourteen
feet by eight. The sketch, which was cleverly executed, to use the
appropriate phrase, represented an ancient hall, fitted up and furnished
in what we now call the taste of Queen Elizabeth\x92s age. The light,
admitted from the upper part of a high casement, fell upon a female
figure of exquisite beauty, who, in an attitude of speechless terror,
appeared to watch the issue of a debate betwixt two other persons. The
one was a young man, in the Vandyke dress common to the time of Charles
I., who, with an air of indignant pride, testified by the manner in
which he raised his head and extended his arm, seemed to be urging a
claim of right, rather than of favour, to a lady whose age, and some
resemblance in their features, pointed her out as the mother of the
younger female, and who appeared to listen with a mixture of displeasure
and impatience.

Tinto produced his sketch with an air of mysterious triumph, and gazed
on it as a fond parent looks upon a hopeful child, while he anticipates
the future figure he is to make in the world, and the height to which
he will raise the honour of his family. He held it at arm\x92s length
from me--he helt it closer--he placed it upon the top of a chest of
drawers--closed the lower shutters of the casement, to adjust a downward
and favourable light--fell back to the due distance, dragging me
after him--shaded his face with his hand, as if to exclude all but the
favourite object--and ended by spoiling a child\x92s copy-book, which he
rolled up so as to serve for the darkened tube of an amateur. I fancy my
expressions of enthusiasm had not been in proportion to his own, for he
presently exclaimed with vehemence: \x93Mr. Pattieson, I used to think you
had an eye in your head.\x94

I vindicated my claim to the usual allowance of visual organs.

\x93Yet, on my honour,\x94 said Dick, \x93I would swear you had been born blind,
since you have failed at the first glance to discover the subject and
meaning of that sketch. I do not mean to praise my own performance, I
leave these arts to others; I am sensible of my deficiencies, conscious
that my drawing and colouring may be improved by the time I intend
to dedicate to the art. But the conception--the expression--the
positions--these tell the story to every one who looks at the sketch;
and if I can finish the picture without diminution of the original
conception, the name of Tinto shall no more be smothered by the mists of
envy and intrigue.\x94

I replied: \x93That I admired the sketch exceedingly; but that to
understand its full merit, I felt it absolutely necessary to be informed
of the subject.\x94

\x93That is the very thing I complain of,\x94 answered Tinto; \x93you have
accustomed yourself so much to these creeping twilight details of yours,
that you are become incapable of receiving that instant and vivid
flash of conviction which darts on the mind from seeing the happy and
expressive combinations of a single scene, and which gathers from the
position, attitude, and countenance of the moment, not only the history
of the past lives of the personages represented, and the nature of the
business on which they are immediately engaged, but lifts even the veil
of futurity, and affords a shrewd guess at their future fortunes.\x94

\x93In that case,\x94 replied I, \x93Paining excels the ape of the renowned Gines
de Passamonte, which only meddled with the past and the present; nay,
she excels that very Nature who affords her subject; for I protest to
you, Dick, that were I permitted to peep into that Elizabeth-chamber,
and see the persons you have sketched conversing in flesh and blood, I
should not be a jot nearer guessing the nature of their business than I
am at this moment while looking at your sketch. Only generally, from
the languishing look of the young lady, and the care you have taken
to present a very handsome leg on the part of the gentleman, I presume
there is some reference to a love affair between them.\x94

\x93Do you really presume to form such a bold conjecture?\x94 said Tinto. \x93And
the indignant earnestness with which you see the man urge his suit, the
unresisting and passive despair of the younger female, the stern air of
inflexible determination in the elder woman, whose looks express at
once consciousness that she is acting wrong and a firm determination to
persist in the course she has adopted----\x94

\x93If her looks express all this, my dear Tinto,\x94 replied I, interrupting
him, \x93your pencil rivals the dramatic art of Mr. Puff in The Critic, who
crammed a whole complicated sentence into the expressive shake of Lord
Burleigh\x92s head.\x94

\x93My good friend, Peter,\x94 replied Tinto, \x93I observe you are perfectly
incorrigible; however, I have compassion on your dulness, and am
unwilling you should be deprived of the pleasure of understanding my
picture, and of gaining, at the same time, a subject for your own pen.
You must know then, last summer, while I was taking sketches on the
coast of East Lothian and Berwickshire, I was seduced into the mountains
of Lammermoor by the account I received of some remains of antiquity in
that district. Those with which I was most struck were the ruins of an
ancient castle in which that Elizabeth-chamber, as you call it,
once existed. I resided for two or three days at a farmhouse in the
neighbourhood, where the aged goodwife was well acquainted with the
history of the castle, and the events which had taken place in it. One
of these was of a nature so interesting and singular, that my attention
was divided between my wish to draw the old ruins in landscape, and
to represent, in a history-piece, the singular events which have taken
place in it. Here are my notes of the tale,\x94 said poor Dick, handing a
parcel of loose scraps, partly scratched over with his pencil, partly
with his pen, where outlines of caricatures, sketches of turrets,
mills, old gables, and dovecots, disputed the ground with his written

I proceeded, however, to decipher the substance of the manuscript
as well as I could, and move it into the following Tale, in which,
following in part, though not entirely, my friend Tinto\x92s advice, I
endeavoured to render my narrative rather descriptive than dramatic. My
favourite propensity, however, has at times overcome me, and my persons,
like many others in this talking world, speak now what then a great deal
more than they act.


     Well, lord, we have not got that which we have;
     \x91Tis not enough our foes are this time fled,
     Being opposites of such repairing nature.

     Henry VI. Part II.

IN the gorge of a pass or mountain glen, ascending from the fertile
plains of East Lothian, there stood in former times an extensive castle,
of which only the ruins are now visible. Its ancient proprietors were
a race of powerful and warlike carons, who bore the same name with the
castle itself, which was Ravenswood. Their line extended to a remote
period of antiquity, and they had intermarried with the Douglasses,
Humes, Swintons, Hays, and other families of power and distinction
in the same country. Their history was frequently involved in that of
Scotland itself, in whose annals their feats are recorded. The Castle of
Ravenswood, occupying, and in some measure commanding, a pass betweixt
Berwickshire, or the Merse, as the southeastern province of Scotland is
termed, and the Lothians, was of importance both in times of foreign
war and domestic discord. It was frequently beseiged with ardour, and
defended with obstinacy, and, of course, its owners played a conspicuous
part in story. But their house had its revolutions, like all sublunary
things: it became greatly declined from its splendour about the middle
of the 17th century; and towards the period of the Revolution, the last
proprietor of Ravenswood Castle saw himself compelled to part with the
ancient family seat, and to remove himself to a lonely and sea-beaten
tower, which, situated on the bleak shores between St. Abb\x92s Head and
the village of Eyemouth, looked out on the lonely and boisterous
German Ocean. A black domain of wild pasture-land surrounded their new
residence, and formed the remains of their property.

Lord Ravenswood, the heir of this ruined family, was far from bending
his mind to his new condition of life. In the civil war of 1689 he
had espoused the sinking side, and although he had escaped without the
forfeiture of life or land, his blood had been attainted, and his title
abolished. He was now called Lord Ravenswood only in courtesy.

This forfeited nobleman inherited the pride and turbulence, though not
the forture, of his house, and, as he imputed the final declension of
his family to a particular individual, he honoured that person with his
full portion of hatred. This was the very man who had now become, by
purchase, proprietor of Ravenswood, and the domains of which the heir of
the house now stood dispossessed. He was descended of a family much less
ancient than that of Lord Ravenswood, and which had only risen to wealth
and political importance during the great civil wars. He himself
had been bred to the bar, and had held high offices in the state,
maintaining through life the character of a skilful fisher in the
troubled waters of a state divided by factions, and governed by
delegated authority; and of one who contrived to amass considerable sums
of money in a country where there was but little to be gathered, and who
equally knew the value of wealth and the various means of augmenting it
and using it as an engine of increasing his power and influence.

Thus qualified and gifted, he was a dangerous antagonist to the fierce
and imprudent Ravenswood. Whether he had given him good cause for the
enmity with which the Baron regarded him, was a point on which men spoke
differently. Some said the quarrel arose merely from the vindictive
spirit and envy of Lord Ravenswood, who could not patiently behold
another, though by just and fair purchase, become the proprietor of
the estate and castle of his forefathers. But the greater part of the
public, prone to slander the wealthy in their absence as to flatter them
in their presence, held a less charitable opinion. They said that the
Lord Keeper (for to this height Sir William Ashton had ascended)
had, previous to the final purchase of the estate of Ravenswood,
been concerned in extensive pecuniary transactions with the former
proprietor; and, rather intimating what was probable than affirming
anything positively, they asked which party was likely to have the
advantage in stating and enforcing the claims arising out of these
complicated affairs, and more than hinted the advantages which the cool
lawyer and able politician must necessarily possess over the hot,
fiery, and imprudent character whom he had involved in legal toils and
pecuniary snares.

The character of the times aggravated these suspicions. \x93In those days
there was no king in Israel.\x94 Since the departure of James VI. to assume
the richer and more powerful crown of England, there had existed in
Scotland contending parties, formed among the aristocracy, by whom,
as their intrigues at the court of St. James\x92s chanced to prevail,
the delegated powers of sovereignty were alternately swayed. The evils
attending upon this system of government resembled those which afflict
the tenants of an Irish estate, the property of an absentee. There was
no supreme power, claiming and possessing a general interest with the
community at large, to whom the oppressed might appeal from subordinate
tyranny, either for justice or for mercy. Let a monarch be as indolent,
as selfish, as much disposed to arbitrary power as he will, still, in a
free country, his own interests are so clearly connected with those of
the public at large, and the evil consequences to his own authority are
so obvious and imminent when a different course is pursued, that common
policy, as well as common feeling, point to the equal distribution of
justice, and to the establishment of the throne in righteousness. Thus,
even sovereigns remarkable for usurpation and tyranny have been found
rigorous in the administration of justice among their subjects, in cases
where their own power and passions were not compromised.

It is very different when the powers of sovereignty are delegated to
the head of an aristocratic faction, rivalled and pressed closely in
the race of ambition by an adverse leader. His brief and precarious
enjoyment of power must be employed in rewarding his partizans, in
extending his influence, in oppressing and crushing his adversaries.
Even Abou Hassan, the most disinterested of all viceroys, forgot not,
during his caliphate of one day, to send a douceur of one thousand
pieces of gold to his own household; and the Scottish vicegerents,
raised to power by the strength of their faction, failed not to embrace
the same means of rewarding them.

The administration of justice, in particular, was infected by the most
gross partiality. A case of importance scarcely occurred in which there
was not some ground for bias or partiality on the part of the judges,
who were so little able to withstand the temptation that the adage,
\x93Show me the man, and I will show you the law,\x94 became as prevalent as
it was scandalous. One corruption led the way to others still mroe gross
and profligate. The judge who lent his sacred authority in one case to
support a friend, and in another to crush an enemy, and who decisions
were founded on family connexions or political relations, could not be
supposed inaccessible to direct personal motives; and the purse of the
wealthy was too often believed to be thrown into the scale to weigh
down the cause of the poor litigant. The subordinate officers of the law
affected little scruple concerning bribery. Pieces of plate and bags of
money were sent in presents to the king\x92s counsel, to influence their
conduct, and poured forth, says a contemporary writer, like billets of
wood upon their floors, without even the decency of concealment.

In such times, it was not over uncharitable to suppose that the
statesman, practised in courts of law, and a powerful member of a
triumphant cabal, might find and use means of advantage over his less
skilful and less favoured adversary; and if it had been supposed that
Sir William Ashton\x92s conscience had been too delicate to profit by these
advantages, it was believed that his ambition and desire of extending
his wealth and consequence found as strong a stimulus in the
exhortations of his lady as the daring aim of Macbeth in the days of

Lady Ashton was of a family more distinguished than that of her lord, an
advantage which she did not fail to use to the uttermost, in maintaining
and extending her husband\x92s influence over others, and, unless she
was greatly belied, her own over him. She had been beautiful, and was
stately and majestic in her appearance. Endowed by nature with strong
powers and violent passions, experience had taught her to employ the
one, and to conceal, if not to moderate, the other. She was a severe
adn strict observer of the external forms, at least, of devotion; her
hospitality was splendid, even to ostentation; her address and manners,
agreeable to the pattern most valued in Scotland at the period, were
grave, dignified, and severely regulated by the rules of etiquette. Her
character had always been beyond the breath of slander. And yet, with
all these qualities to excite respect, Lady Ashton was seldom mentioned
in the terms of love or affection. Interest--the interest of her family,
if not her own--seemed too obviously the motive of her actions; and
where this is the case, the sharp-judging and malignant public are not
easily imposed upon by outward show. It was seen and ascertained that,
in her most graceful courtesies and compliments, Lady Ashton no more
lost sight of her object than the falcon in his airy wheel turns his
quick eyes from his destined quarry; and hence, somethign of doubt and
suspicion qualified the feelings with which her equals received her
attentions. With her inferiors these feelings were mingled with fear;
an impression useful to her purposes, so far as it enforced ready
compliance with her requests and implicit obedience to her commands, but
detrimental, because it cannot exist with affection or regard.

Even her husband, it is said, upon whose fortunes her talents and
address had produced such emphatic influence, regarded her with
respectful awe rather than confiding attachment; and report said, there
were times when he considered his grandeur as dearly purchased at the
expense of domestic thraldom. Of this, however, much might be suspected,
but little could be accurately known: Lady Ashton regarded the honour of
her husband as her own, and was well aware how much that would suffer
in the public eye should he appear a vassal to his wife. In all her
arguments his opinion was quoted as infallible; his taste was appealed
to, and his sentiments received, with the air of deference which a
dutiful wife might seem to owe to a husband of Sir William Ashton\x92s rank
adn character. But there was something under all this which rung false
and hollow; and to those who watched this couple with close, and perhaps
malicious, scrutiny it seemed evident that, in the haughtiness of
a firmer character, higher birth, and more decided views of
aggrandisement, the lady looked with some contempt on her husband,
and that he regarded her with jealous fear, rather than with love or

Still, however, the leading and favourite interests of Sir William
Ashton and his lady were the same, and they failed not to work in
concert, although without cordiality, and to testify, in all exterior
circumstances, that respect for each other which they were aware was
necessary to secure that of the public.

Their union was crowned with several children, of whom three survived.
One, the eldest son, was absent on his travels; the second, a girl of
seventeen, adn the third, a boy about three years younger, resided
with their parents in Edinburgh during the sessions of the Scottish
Parliament and Privy Council, at other times in the old Gothic castle
of Ravenswood, to which the Lord Keeper had made large additions in the
style of the 17th century.

Allan Lord Ravenswood, the late proprietor of that ancient mansion
adn the large estate annexed to it, continued for some time to wage
ineffectual war with his successor concerning various points to which
their former transactions had given rise, and which were successively
determined in favour of the wealthy and powerful competitor, until death
closed the litigation, by summoning Ravenswood to a higher bar. The
thread of life, which had been long wasting, gave way during a fit of
violent and impotent fury with which he was assailed on receiving the
news of the loss of a cause, founded, perhaps, rather in equity than in
law, the last which he had maintained against his powerful antagonist.
His son witnessed his dying agonies, and heard the curses which he
breathed against his adversary, as if they had conveyed to him a legacy
of vengeance. Other circumstances happened to exasperate a passion which
was, and had long been, a prevalent vice in the Scottish disposition.

It was a November morning, and the cliffs which overlooked the ocean
were hung with thick and heavy mist, when the portals of the ancient
and half-ruinous tower, in which Lord Ravenswood had spent the last and
troubled years of his life, opened, that his mortal remains might pass
forward to an abode yet more dreary and lonely. The pomp of attendance,
to which the deceased had, in his latter years, been a stranger, was
revived as he was about to be consigned to the realms of forgetfulness.

Banner after banner, with the various devices and coats of this ancient
family and its connexions, followed each other in mournful procession
from under the low-browed archway of the courtyard. The principal gentry
of the country attended in the deepest mourning, and tempered the
pace of their long train of horses to the solemn march befitting the
occasion. Trumpets, with banners of crape attached to them, sent
forth their long and melancholy notes to regulate the movements of the
procession. An immense train of inferior mourners and menials closed
the rear, which had not yet issued from the castle gate when the van had
reached the chapel where the body was to be deposited.

Contrary to the custom, and even to the law, of the time, the body was
met by a priest of the Scottish Episcopal communion, arrayed in his
surplice, and prepared to read over the coffin of the deceased the
funeral service of the church. Such had been the desire of Lord
Ravenswood in his last illness, and it was readily complied with by the
Tory gentlemen, or Cavaliers, as they affected to style themselves, in
which faction most of his kinsmen were enrolled. The Presbyterian Church
judicatory of the bounds, considering the ceremony as a bravading insult
upon their authority, had applied to the Lord Keeper, as the nearest
privy councillor, for a warrant to prevent its being carried into
effect; so that, when the clergyman had opened his prayer-book, an
officer of the law, supported by some armed men, commanded him to be
silent. An insult which fired the whol assembly with indignation was
particularly and instantly resented by the only son of the deceased,
Edgar, popularly called the Master of Ravenswood, a youth of about
twenty years of age. He clapped his hand on his sword, and bidding
the official person to desist at his peril from farther interruption,
commanded the clergyman to proceed. The man attempted to enforce his
commission; but as an hundred swords at once glittered in the air, he
contented himself with protesting against the violence which had been
offered to him in the execution of his duty, and stood aloof, a sullen
adn moody spectator of the ceremonial, muttering as one who should say:
\x93You\x92ll rue the day that clogs me with this answer.\x94

The scene was worthy of an artist\x92s pencil. Under the very arch of the
house of death, the clergyman, affrighted at the scene, and trembling
for his own safety, hastily and unwillingly rehearsed the solemn service
of the church, and spoke \x93dust to dust and ashes to ashes,\x94 over
ruined pride and decayed prosperity. Around stood the relations of the
deceased, their countenances more in anger than in sorrow, and the drawn
swords which they brandished forming a violent contrast with their deep
mourning habits. In the countenance of the young man alone, resentment
seemed for the moment overpowered by the deep agony with which he beheld
his nearest, and almost his only, friend consigned to the tomb of his
ancestry. A relative observed him turn deadly pale, when, all rites
being now duly observed, it became the duty of the chief mourner to
lower down into the charnel vault, where mouldering coffins showed their
tattered velvet and decayed plating, the head of the corpse which was
to be their partner in corruption. He stept to the youth and offered his
assistance, which, by a mute motion, Edgar Ravenswood rejected. Firmly,
and without a tear, he performed that last duty. The stone was laid
on the sepulchre, the door of the aisle was locked, and the youth took
possession of its massive key.

As the crowd left the chapel, he paused on the steps which led to its
Gothic chancel. \x93Gentlemen and friends,\x94 he said, \x93you have this day
done no common duty to the body of your deceased kinsman. The rites of
due observance, which, in other countries, are allowed as the due of the
meanest Christian, would this day have been denied to the body of your
relative--not certainly sprung of the meanest house in Scotland--had
it not been assured to him by your courage. Others bury their dead in
sorrow and tears, in silence and in reverence; our funeral rites are
marred by the intrusion of bailiffs and ruffians, and our grief--the
grief due to our departed friend--is chased from our cheeks by the glow
of just indignation. But it is well that I know from what quiver this
arrow has come forth. It was only he that dug the drave who could have
the mean cruelty to disturb the obsequies; and Heaven do as much to
me and more, if I requite not to this man and his house the ruin and
disgrace he has brought on me and mine!\x94

A numerous part of the assembly applauded this speech, as the spirited
expression of just resentment; but the more cool and judicious regretted
that it had been uttered. The fortunes of the heir of Ravenswood were
too low to brave the farther hostility which they imagined these open
expressions of resentment must necessarily provoke. Their apprehensions,
however, proved groundless, at least in the immediate consequences of
this affair.

The mourners returned to the tower, there, according to a custom but
recently abolished in Scotland, to carouse deep healths to the memory of
the deceased, to make the house of sorrow ring with sounds of joviality
and debauch, and to diminish, by the expense of a large and profuse
entertainment, the limited revenues of the heir of him whose funeral
they thus strangely honoured. It was the custom, however, and on the
present occasion it was fully observed. The tables swam in wine,
the populace feasted in the courtyard, the yeomen in the kitchen and
buttery; and two years\x92 rent of Ravenswood\x92s remaining property hardly
defrayed the charge of the funeral revel. The wine did its office on all
but the Master of Ravenswood, a title which he still retained, though
forfeiture had attached to that of his father. He, while passing around
the cup which he himself did not taste, soon listened to a thousand
exclamations against the Lord Keeper, and passionate protestations of
attachment to himself, and to the honour of his house. He listened
with dark and sullen brow to ebullitions which he considered justly as
equally evanescent with the crimson bubbles on the brink of the goblet,
or at least with the vapours which its contents excited in the brains of
the revellers around him.

When the last flask was emptied, they took their leave with deep
protestations--to be forgotten on the morrow, if, indeed, those who
made them should not think it necessary for their safety to make a more
solemn retractation.

Accepting their adieus with an air of contempt which he could scarce
conceal, Ravenswood at length beheld his ruinous habitation cleared of
their confluence of riotous guests, and returned to the deserted hall,
which now appeared doubly lonely from the cessation of that clamour to
which it had so lately echoed. But its space was peopled by phantoms
which the imagination of the young heir conjured up before him--the
tarnished honour and degraded fortunes of his house, the destruction
of his own hopes, and the triumph of that family by whom they had been
ruined. To a mind naturally of a gloomy cast here was ample room
for meditation, and the musings of young Ravenswood were deep and

The peasant who shows the ruins of the tower, which still crown the
beetling cliff and behold the war of the waves, though no mroe tenanted
saved by the sea-mew and cormorant, even yet affirms that on this
fatal night the Master of Ravenswood, by the bitter exclamations of his
despair, evoked some evil fiend, under whose malignant influence the
future tissue of incidents was woven. Alas! what fiend can suggest more
desperate counsels than those adopted under the guidance of our own
violent and unresisted passions?


     Over Gods forebode, then said the King,
     That thou shouldst shoot at me.

     William Bell, Clim \x91o the Cleugh, etc.

On the morning after the funeral, the legal officer whose authority
had been found insufficient to effect an interruption of the funeral
solemnities of the late Lord Ravenswood, hastened to state before the
Keeper the resistance which he had met with in the execution of his

The statesman was seated in a spacious library, once a banqueting-room
in the old Castle of Ravenswood, as was evident from the armorial
insignia still displayed on the carved roof, which was vaulted with
Spanish chestnut, and on the stained glass of the casement, through
which gleamed a dim yet rich light on the long rows of shelves, bending
under the weight of legal commentators and monkish historians, whose
ponderous volumes formed the chief and most valued contents of a
Scottish historian [library] of the period. On the massive oaken
table and reading-desk lay a confused mass of letters, petitions, and
parchments; to toil amongst which was the pleasure at once and the
plague of Sir William Ashton\x92s life. His appearance was grave and even
noble, well becoming one who held an high office in the state; and it
was not save after long and intimate conversation with him upon topics
of pressing and personal interest, that a stranger could have discovered
something vacillating and uncertain in his resolutions; an infirmity of
purpose, arising from a cautious and timid disposition, which, as he was
conscious of its internal influence on his mind, he was, from pride as
well as policy, most anxious to conceal from others. He listened with
great apparent composure to an exaggerated account of the tumult which
had taken place at the funeral, of the contempt thrown on his own
authority and that of the church and state; nor did he seem moved even
by the faithful report of the insulting and threatening language which
had been uttered by young Ravenswood and others, and obviously directed
against himself. He heard, also, what the man had been able to collect,
in a very distorted and aggravated shape, of the toasts which had been
drunk, and the menaces uttered, at the subsequent entertainment. In fine,
he made careful notes of all these particulars, and of the names of
the persons by whom, in case of need, an accusation, founded upon these
violent proceedings, could be witnessed and made good, and dismissed his
informer, secure that he was now master of the remaining fortune, and
even of the personal liberty, of young Ravenswood.

When the door had closed upon the officer of the law, the Lord Keeper
remained for a moment in deep meditation; then, starting from his
seat, paced the apartment as one about to take a sudden and energetic
resolution. \x93Young Ravenswood,\x94 he muttered, \x93is now mine--he is my own;
he has placed himself in my hand, and he shall bend or break. I have not
forgot the determined and dogged obstinacy with which his father fought
every point to the last, resisted every effort at compromise, embroiled
me in lawsuits, and attempted to assail my character when he could
not otherwise impugn my rights. This boy he has left behind him--this
Edgar--this hot-headed, hare-brained fool, has wrecked his vessel before
she has cleared the harbor. I must see that he gains no advantage
of some turning tide which may again float him off. These memoranda,
properly stated to the privy council, cannot but be construed into
an aggravated riot, in which the dignity both of the civil and
ecclesiastical authorities stands committed. A heavy fine might be
imposed; an order for committing him to Edinburgh or Blackness Castle
seems not improper; even a charge of treason might be laid on many of
these words and expressions, though God forbid I should prosecute the
matter to that extent. No, I will not; I will not touch his life, even
if it should be in my power; and yet, if he lives till a change of
times, what follows? Restitution--perhaps revenge. I know Athole
promised his interest to old Ravenswood, and here is his son already
bandying and making a faction by his own contemptible influence. What
a ready tool he would be for the use of those who are watching the
downfall of our administration!\x94

While these thoughts were agitating the mind of the wily statesman, and
while he was persuading himself that his own interest and safety, as
well as those of his friends and party, depended on using the present
advantage to the uttermost against young Ravenswood, the Lord Keeper
sate down to his desk, and proceeded to draw up, for the information of
the privy council, an account of the disorderly proceedings which,
in contempt of his warrant, had taken place at the funeral of Lord
Ravenswood. The names of most of the parties concerned, as well as the
fact itself, would, he was well aware, sound odiously in the ears of his
colleagues in administration, and most likely instigate them to make an
example of young Ravenswood, at least, in terrorem.

It was a point of delicacy, however, to select such expressions as might
infer the young man\x92s culpability, without seeming directly to urge
it, which, on the part of Sir William Ashton, his father\x92s ancient
antagonist, could not but appear odious and invidious. While he was in
the act of composition, labouring to find words which might indicate
Edgar Ravenswood to be the cause of the uproar, without specifically
making such a charge, Sir William, in a pause of his task, chanced, in
looking upward, to see the crest of the family for whose heir he was
whetting the arrows and disposing the toils of the law carved upon one
of the corbeilles from which the vaulted roof of the apartment sprung.
It was a black bull\x92s head, with the legend, \x93I bide my time\x94; and
the occasion upon which it was adopted mingled itself singularly and
impressively with the subject of his present reflections.

It was said by a constant tradition that a Malisius de Ravenswood had,
in the 13th century, been deprived of his castle and lands by a powerful
usurper, who had for a while enjoyed his spoils in quiet. At length,
on the eve of a costly banquet, Ravenswood, who had watched his
opportunity, introduced himself into the castle with a small band of
faithful retainers. The serving of the expected feast was impatiently
looked for by the guests, and clamorously demanded by the temporary
master of the castle. Ravenswood, who had assumed the disguise of a
sewer upon the occasion, answered, in a stern voice, \x93I bide my time\x94;
and at the same moment a bull\x92s head, the ancient symbol of death, was
placed upon the table. The explosion of the conspiracy took place upon
the signal, and the usurper and his followers were put to death. Perhaps
there was something in this still known and often repeated story which
came immediately home to the breast and conscience of the Lord Keeper;
for, putting from him the paper on which he had begun his report, and
carefully locking the memoranda which he had prepared into a cabinet
which stood beside him, he proceeded to walk abroad, as if for
the purpose of collecting his ideas, and reflecting farther on the
consequences of the step which he was about to take, ere yet they became

In passing through a large Gothic ante-room, Sir William Ashton heard
the sound of his daughter\x92s lute. Music, when the performers are
concealed, affects us with a pleasure mingled with surprise, and
reminds us of the natural concert of birds among the leafy bowers. The
statesman, though little accustomed to give way to emotions of this
natural and simple class, was still a man and a father. He stopped,
therefore, and listened, while the silver tones of Lucy Ashton\x92s voice
mingled with the accompaniment in an ancient air, to which some one had
adapted the following words:

     \x93Look not thou on beauty\x92s charming,
     Sit thou still when kings are arming,
     Taste not when the wine-cup glistens,
     Speak not when the people listens,
     Stop thine ear against the singer,
     From the red gold keep they finger,
     Vacant heart, and hand, and eye,
     Easy live and quiet die.\x94

The sounds ceased, and the Keeper entered his daughter\x92s apartment.

The words she had chosen seemed particularly adapted to her character;
for Lucy Ashton\x92s exquisitely beautiful, yet somewhat girlish features
were formed to express peace of mind, serenity, and indifference to
the tinsel of wordly pleasure. Her locks, which were of shadowy gold,
divided on a brow of exquisite whiteness, like a gleam of broken and
pallid sunshine upon a hill of snow. The expression of the countenance
was in the last degree gentle, soft, timid, and feminine, and seemed
rather to shrink from the most casual look of a stranger than to court
his admiration. Something there was of a Madonna cast, perhaps the
result of delicate health, and of residence in a family where the
dispositions of the inmates were fiercer, more active, and energetic
than her own.

Yet her passiveness of disposition was by no means owing to an
indifferent or unfeeling mind. Left to the impulse of her own taste and
feelings, Lucy Ashton was peculiarly accessible to those of a romantic
cast. Her secret delight was in the old legendary tales of ardent
devotion and unalterable affection, chequered as they so often are with
strange adventures and supernatural horrors. This was her favoured
fairy realm, and here she erected her aerial palaces. But it was only
in secret that she laboured at this delusive though delightful
architecture. In her retired chamber, or in the woodland bower which
she had chosen for her own, and called after her name, she was in fancy
distributing the prizes at the tournament, or raining down influence
from her eyes on the valiant combatants: or she was wandering in the
wilderness with Una, under escort of the generous lion; or she was
identifying herself with the simple yet noble-minded Miranda in the isle
of wonder and enchantment.

But in her exterior relations to things of this world, Lucy willingly
received the ruling impulse from those around her. The alternative was,
in general, too indifferent to her to render resistance desirable, and
she willingly found a motive for decision in the opinion of her friends
which perhaps she might have sought for in vain in her own choice.
Every reader must have observed in some family of his acquaintance some
individual of a temper soft and yielding, who, mixed with stronger and
more ardent minds, is borne along by the will of others, with as little
power of opposition as the flower which is flung into a running stream.
It usually happens that such a compliant and easy disposition, which
resigns itself without murmur to the guidance of others, becomes the
darling of those to whose inclinations its own seem to be offered, in
ungrudging and ready sacrifice. This was eminently the case with Lucy
Ashton. Her politic, wary, and wordly father felt for her an affection
the strength of which sometimes surprised him into an unusual emotion.
Her elder brother, who trode the path of ambition with a haughtier step
than his father, had also more of human affection. A soldier, and in
a dissolute age, he preferred his sister Lucy even to pleasure and to
military preferment and distinction. Her younger brother, at an age when
trifles chiefly occupied his mind, made her the confidante of all his
pleasures and anxieties, his success in field-sports, and his quarrels
with his tutor and instructors. To these details, however trivial, Lucy
lent patient and not indifferent attention. They moved and interested
Henry, and that was enough to secure her ear.

Her mother alone did not feel that distinguished and predominating
affection with which the rest of the family cherished Lucy. She regarded
what she termed her daughter\x92s want of spirit as a decided mark that the
more plebeian blood of her father predominated in Lucy\x92s veins, and used
to call her in derision her Lammermoor Shepherdess. To dislike so gentle
and inoffensive a being was impossible; but Lady Ashton preferred her
eldest son, on whom had descended a large portion of her own ambitious
and undaunted disposition, to a daughter whose softness of temper seemed
allied to feebleness of mind. Her eldest son was the more partially
beloved by his mother because, contrary to the usual custom of Scottish
families of distinction, he had been named after the head of the house.

\x93My Sholto,\x94 she said, \x93will support the untarnished honour of his
maternal house, and elevate and support that of his father. Poor Lucy
is unfit for courts or crowded halls. Some country laird must be her
husband, rich enough to supply her with every comfort, without an effort
on her own part, so that she may have nothing to shed a tear for but the
tender apprehension lest he may break his neck in a foxchase. It was
not so, however, that our house was raised, nor is it so that it can be
fortified and augmented. The Lord Keeper\x92s dignity is yet new; it must
be borne as if we were used to its weight, worthy of it, and prompt
to assert and maintain it. Before ancient authorities men bend from
customary and hereditary deference; in our presence they will stand
erect, unless they are compelled to prostrate themselves. A daughter
fit for the sheepfold or the cloister is ill qualified to exact respect
where it is yielded with reluctance; and since Heaven refused us a third
boy, Lucy should have held a character fit to supply his place. The
hour will be a happy one which disposes her hand in marriage to some one
whose energy is greater than her own, or whose ambition is of as low an

So meditated a mother to whom the qualities of her children\x92s hearts,
as well as the prospect of their domestic happiness, seemed light in
comparison to their rank and temporal greatness. But, like many a parent
of hot and impatient character, she was mistaken in estimating
the feelings of her daughter, who, under a semblance of extreme
indifference, nourished the germ of those passions which sometimes
spring up in one night, like the gourd of the prophet, and astonish
the observer by their unexpected ardour and intensity. In fact, Lucy\x92s
sentiments seemed chill because nothing had occurred to interest or
awaken them. Her life had hitherto flowed on in a uniform and gentle
tenor, and happy for her had not its present smoothness of current
resembled that of the stream as it glides downwards to the waterfall!

\x93So, Lucy,\x94 said her father, entering as her song was ended, \x93does your
musical philosopher teach you to contemn the world before you know it?
That is surely something premature. Or did you but speak according to
the fashion of fair maidens, who are always to hold the pleasures of
life in contempt till they are pressed upon them by the address of some
gentle knight?\x94

Lucy blushed, disclaimed any inference respecting her own choice
being drawn from her selection of a song, and readily laid aside her
instrument at her father\x92s request that she would attend him in his

A large and well-wooded park, or rather chase, stretched along the
hill behind the castle, which, occupying, as we have noticed, a pass
ascending from the plain, seemed built in its very gorge to defend
the forest ground which arose behind it in shaggy majesty. Into this
romantic region the father and daughter proceeded, arm in arm, by a
noble avenue overarched by embowering elms, beneath which groups of the
fallow-deer were seen to stray in distant perspective. As they paced
slowly on, admiring the different points of view, for which Sir
William Ashton, notwithstanding the nature of his usual avocations, had
considerable taste and feeling, they were overtaken by the forester,
or park-keeper, who, intent on silvan sport, was proceeding with his
crossbow over his arm, and a hound led in leash by his boy, into the
interior of the wood.

\x93Going to shoot us a piece of venison, Norman?\x94 said his master, as he
returned the woodsman\x92s salutation.

\x93Saul, your honour, and that I am. Will it please you to see the sport?\x94

\x93Oh no,\x94 said his lordship, after looking at his daughter, whose colour
fled at the idea of seeing the deer shot, although, had her father
expressed his wish that they should accompany Norman, it was probable
she would not even have hinted her reluctance.

The forester shrugged his shoulders. \x93It was a disheartening thing,\x94
 he said, \x93when none of the gentles came down to see the sport. He
hoped Captain Sholto would be soon hame, or he might shut up his shop
entirely; for Mr. Harry was kept sae close wi\x92 his Latin nonsense that,
though his will was very gude to be in the wood from morning till night,
there would be a hopeful lad lost, and no making a man of him. It was
not so, he had heard, in Lord Ravenswood\x92s time: when a buck was to be
killed, man and mother\x92s son ran to see; and when the deer fell, the
knife was always presented to the knight, and he never gave less than
a dollar for the compliment. And there was Edgar Ravenswood--Master of
Ravenswood that is now--when he goes up to the wood--there hasna been a
better hunter since Tristrem\x92s time--when Sir Edgar hauds out, down goes
the deer, faith. But we hae lost a\x92 sense of woodcraft on this side of
the hill.\x94

There was much in this harangue highly displeasing to the Lord Keeper\x92s
feelings; he could not help observing that his menial despised him
almost avowedly for not possessing that taste for sport which in those
times was deemed the natural and indispensable attribute of a real
gentleman. But the master of the game is, in all country houses, a man
of great importance, and entitled to use considerable freedom of speech.
Sir William, therefore, only smiled and replied, \x93He had something else
to think upon to-day than killing deer\x94; meantime, taking out his purse,
he gave the ranger a dollar for his encouragement. The fellow received
it as the waiter of a fashionable hotel receives double his proper fee
from the hands of a country gentleman--that is, with a smile, in which
pleasure at the gift is mingled with contempt for the ignorance of the
donor. \x93Your honour is the bad paymaster,\x94 he said, \x93who pays before it
is done. What would you do were I to miss the buck after you have paid
me my wood-fee?\x94

\x93I suppose,\x94 said the Keeper, smiling, \x93you would hardly guess what I
mean were I to tell you of a condictio indebiti?\x94

\x93Not I, on my saul. I guess it is some law phrase; but sue a beggar,
and--your honour knows what follows. Well, but I will be just with
you, and if bow and brach fail not, you shall have a piece of game two
fingers fat on the brisket.\x94

As he was about to go off, his master again called him, and asked, as
if by accident, whether the Master of Ravenswood was actually so brave a
man and so good a shooter as the world spoke him.

\x93Brave!--brave enough, I warrant you,\x94 answered Norman. \x93I was in the
wood at Tyninghame when there was a sort of gallants hunting with my
lord; on my saul, there was a buck turned to bay made us all stand
back--a stout old Trojan of the first head, ten-tyned branches, and a
brow as broad as e\x92er a bullock\x92s. Egad, he dashed at the old lord, and
there would have been inlake among the perrage, if the Master had not
whipt roundly in, and hamstrung him with his cutlass. He was but sixteen
then, bless his heart!\x94

\x93And is he as ready with the gun as with the couteau?\x94 said Sir William.

\x93He\x92ll strike this silver dollar out from between my finger and thumb at
fourscore yards, and I\x92ll hold it out for a gold merk; what more would
ye have of eye, hand, lead, and gunpowder?\x94 \x93Oh, no more to be wished,
certainly,\x94 said the Lord Keeper; \x93but we keep you from your sport,
Norman. Good morrow, good Norman.\x94

And, humming his rustic roundelay, the yeoman went on his road, the
sound of his rough voice gradually dying away as the distance betwixt
them increased:

     \x93The monk must arise when the matins ring,
     The abbot may sleep to their chime;
     But the yeoman must start when the bugles sing
     \x91Tis time, my hearts, \x91tis time.

     There\x92s bucks and raes on Bilhope braes,
     There\x92s a herd on Shortwood Shaw;
     But a lily-white doe in the garden goes,
     She\x92s fairly worth them a\x92.\x94

\x93Has this fellow,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, when the yeoman\x92s song had died
on the wind, \x93ever served the Ravenswood people, that he seems so much
interested in them? I suppose you know, Lucy, for you make it a point
of conscience to record the special history of every boor about the

\x93I am not quite so faithful a chronicler, my dear father; but I
believe that Norman once served here while a boy, and before he went to
Ledington, whence you hired him. But if you want to know anything of the
former family, Old Alice is the best authority.\x94

\x93And what should I have to do with them, pray, Lucy,\x94 said her father,
\x93or with their history or accomplishments?\x94

\x93Nay, I do not know, sir; only that you were asking questions of Norman
about young Ravenswood.\x94

\x93Pshaw, child!\x94 replied her father, yet immediately added: \x93And who is
Old Alice? I think you know all the old women in the country.\x94

\x93To be sure I do, or how could I help the old creatures when they are
in hard times? And as to Old Alice, she is the very empress of old women
and queen of gossips, so far as legendary lore is concerned. She is
blind, poor old soul, but when she speaks to you, you would think she
has some way of looking into your very heart. I am sure I often cover
my face, or turn it away, for it seems as if she saw one change colour,
though she has been blind these twenty years. She is worth visiting,
were it but to say you have seen a blind and paralytic old woman have so
much acuteness of perception and dignity of manners. I assure you, she
might be a countess from her language and behaviour. Come, you must go
to see Alice; we are not a quarter of a mile from her cottage.\x94

\x93All this, my dear,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93is no answer to my
question, who this woman is, and what is her connexion with the former
proprietor\x92s family?\x94

\x93Oh, it was somethign of a nouriceship, I believe; and she remained
here, because her two grandsons were engaged in your service. But it
was against her will, I fancy; for the poor old creature is always
regretting the change of times and of property.\x94

\x93I am much obliged to her,\x94 answered the Lord Keeper. \x93She and her folk
eat my bread and drink my cup, and are lamenting all the while that
they are not still under a family which never could do good, either to
themselves or any one else!\x94

\x93Indeed,\x94 replied Lucy, \x93I am certain you do Old Alice injustice.
She has nothing mercenary about her, and would not accept a penny
in charity, if it were to save her from being starved. She is only
talkative, like all old folk when you put them upon stories of their
youth; and she speaks about the Ravenswood people, because she lived
under them so many years. But I am sure she is grateful to you, sir,
for your protection, and that she would rather speak to you than to
any other person in the whole world beside. Do, sir, come and see Old

And with the freedom of an indulged daughter she dragged the Lord Keeper
in the direction she desired.


     Through tops of the high trees she did descry
     A little smoke, whose vapour, thin and light,
     Reeking aloft, uprolled to the sky,
     Which cheerful sign did send unto her sight,
     That in the same did wonne some living wight.


LUCY acted as her father\x92s guide, for he was too much engrossed with his
political labours, or with society, to be perfectly acquainted with his
own extensive domains, and, moreover, was generally an inhabitant of
the city of Edinburgh; and she, on the other hand, had, with her mother,
resided the whole summer in Ravenswood, and, partly from taste, partly
from want of any other amusement, had, by her frequent rambles, learned
to know each lane, alley, dingle, or bushy dell,

     And every bosky bourne from side to side.

We have said that the Lord Keeper was not indifferent to the beauties
of nature; and we add, in justice to him, that he felt them doubly when
pointed out by the beautiful, simple, and interesting girl who, hanging
on his arm with filial kindness, now called him to admire the size of
some ancient oak, and now the unexpected turn where the path, developing
its maze from glen or dingle, suddenly reached an eminence commanding
an extensive view of the plains beneath them, and then gradually glided
away from the prospect to lose itself among rocks and thickets, and
guide to scenes of deeper seclusion.

It was when pausing on one of those points of extensive and commanding
view that Lucy told her father they were close by the cottage of her
blind protegee; and on turning from the little hill, a path which led
around it, worn by the daily steps of the infirm inmate, brought them in
sight of the hut, which, embosomed in a deep and obscure dell, seemed
to have been so situated purposely to bear a correspondence with the
darkened state of its inhabitant.

The cottage was situated immediately under a tall rock, which in
some measure beetled over it, as if threatening to drop some detached
fragment from its brow on the frail tenement beneath. The hut itself was
constructed of turf and stones, and rudely roofed over with thatch, much
of which was in a dilapidated condition. The thin blue smoke rose from
it in a light column, and curled upward along the white face of the
incumbent rock, giving the scene a tint of exquisite softness. In a
small and rude garden, surrounded by straggling elder-bushes, which
formed a sort of imperfect hedge, sat near to the beehives, by the
produce of which she lived, that \x93woman old\x94 whom Lucy had brought her
father hither to visit.

Whatever there had been which was disastrous in her fortune, whatever
there was miserable in her dwelling, it was easy to judge by the first
glance that neither years, poverty, misfortune, nor infirmity had broken
the spirit of this remarkable woman.

She occupied a turf seat, placed under a weeping birch of unusual
magnitude and age, as Judah is represented sitting under her palm-tree,
with an air at once of majesty and of dejection. Her figure was tall,
commanding, and but little bent by the infirmities of old age. Her
dress, though that of a peasant, was uncommonly clean, forming in that
particular a strong contrast to most of her rank, and was disposed with
an attention to neatness, and even to taste, equally unusual. But it was
her expression of countenance which chiefly struck the spectator, and
induced most persons to address her with a degree of deference and
civility very inconsistent with the miserable state of her dwelling, and
which, nevertheless, she received with that easy composure which showed
she felt it to be her due. She had once been beautiful, but her beauty
had been of a bold and masculine cast, such as does not survive the
bloom of youth; yet her features continued to express strong sense, deep
reflection, and a character of sober pride, which, as we have already
said of her dress, appeared to argue a conscious superiority to those
of her own rank. It scarce seemed possible that a face, deprived of the
advantage of sight, could have expressed character so strongly; but her
eyes, which were almost totally closed, did not, by the display of their
sightless orbs, mar the countenance to which they could add nothing. She
seemed in a ruminating posture, soothed, perhaps, by the murmurs of the
busy tribe around her to abstraction, though not to slumber.

Lucy undid the latch of the little garden gate, and solicited the old
woman\x92s attention. \x93My father, Alice, is come to see you.\x94

\x93He is welcome, Miss Ashton, and so are you,\x94 said the old woman,
turning and inclining her head towards her visitors.

\x93This is a fine morning for your beehives, mother,\x94 said the Lord
Keeper, who, struck with the outward appearance of Alice, was somewhat
curious to know if her conversation would correspond with it.

\x93I believe so, my lord,\x94 she replied; \x93I feel the air breathe milder
than of late.\x94

\x93You do not,\x94 resumed the statesman, \x93take charge of these bees
yourself, mother? How do you manage them?\x94

\x93By delegates, as kings do their subjects,\x94 resumed Alice; \x93and I am
fortunate in a prime minister. Here, Babie.\x94

She whistled on a small silver call which ung around her neck, and which
at that time was sometimes used to summon domestics, and Babie, a girl
of fifteen, made her appearance from the hut, not altogether so cleanly
arrayed as she would probably have been had Alice had the use of her
yees, but with a greater air of neatness than was upon the whole to have
been expected.

\x93Babie,\x94 said her mistress, \x93offer some bread and honey to the Lord
Keeper and Miss Ashton; they will excuse your awkwardness if you use
cleanliness and despatch.\x94

Babie performed her mistress\x92s command with the grace which was
naturally to have been expected, moving to and fro with a lobster-like
gesture, her feet and legs tending one way, while her head, turned in
a different direction, was fixed in wonder upon the laird, who was more
frequently heard of than seen by his tenants and dependants. The bread
and honey, however, deposited on a plantain leaf, was offered and
accepted in all due courtesy. The Lord Keeper, still retaining the place
which he had occupied on the decayed trunk of a fallen tree, looked
as if he wished to prolong the interview, but was at a loss how to
introduce a suitable subject.

\x93You have been long a resident on this property?\x94 he said, after a

\x93It is now nearly sixty years since I first knew Ravenswood,\x94 answered
the old dame, whose conversation, though perfectly civil and respectful,
seemed cautiously limited to the unavoidable and necessary task of
replying to Sir William.

\x93You are not, I should judge by your accent, of this country
originally?\x94 said the Lord Keeper, in continuation.

\x93No; I am by birth an Englishwoman.\x94 \x93Yet you seem attached to this
country as if it were your own.\x94

\x93It is here,\x94 replied the blind woman, \x93that I have drank the cup of joy
and of sorrow which Heaven destined for me. I was here the wife of an
upright and affectionate husband for more than twenty years; I was here
the mother of six promising children; it was here that God deprived me
of all these blessings; it was here they died, and yonder, by yon ruined
chapel, they lie all buried. I had no country but theirs while they
lived; I have none but theirs now they are no more.\x94

\x93But your house,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, looking at it, \x93is miserably

\x93Do, my dear father,\x94 said Lucy, eagerly, yet bashfully, catching at the
hint, \x93give orders to make it better; that is, if you think it proper.\x94

\x93It will last my time, my dear Miss Lucy,\x94 said the blind woman; \x93I
would not have my lord give himself the least trouble about it.\x94

\x93But,\x94 said Lucy, \x93you once had a much better house, and were rich, and
now in your old age to live in this hovel!\x94

\x93It is as good as I deserve, Miss Lucy; if my heart has not broke with
what I have suffered, and seen others suffer, it must have been strong
enough, adn the rest of this old frame has no right to call itself

\x93You have probably witnessed many changes,\x94 said the Lord Keeper; \x93but
your experience must have taught you to expect them.\x94

\x93It has taught me to endure them, my lord,\x94 was the reply.

\x93Yet you knew that they must needs arrive in the course of years?\x94 said
the statesman.

\x93Ay; as I knew that the stump, on or beside which you sit, once a tall
and lofty tree, must needs one day fall by decay, or by the axe; yet
I hoped my eyes might not witness the downfall of the tree which
overshadowed my dwelling.\x94

\x93Do not suppose,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93that you will lose any interest
with me for looking back with regret to the days when another family
possessed my estates. You had reason, doubtless, to love them, and I
respect your gratitude. I will order some repairs in your cottage, and I
hope we shall live to be friends when we know each other better.\x94 \x93Those
of my age,\x94 returned the dame, \x93make no new friends. I thank you for
your bounty, it is well intended undoubtedly; but I have all I want, and
I cannot accept more at your lordship\x92s hand.\x94

\x93Well, then,\x94 continued the Lord Keeper, \x93at least allow me to say,
that I look upon you as a woman of sense and education beyond your
appearance, and that I hope you will continue to reside on this property
of mine rent-free for your life.\x94

\x93I hope I shall,\x94 said the old dame, composedly; \x93I believe that was
made an article in the sale of Ravenswood to your lordship, though such
a trifling circumstance may have escaped your recollection.\x94

\x93I remember--I recollect,\x94 said his lordship, somewhat confused. \x93I
perceive you are too much attached to your old friends to accept any
benefit from their successor.\x94

\x93Far from it, my lord; I am grateful for the benefits which I decline,
and I wish I could pay you for offering them, better than what I am now
about to say.\x94 The Lord Keeper looked at her in some surprise, but said
not a word. \x93My lord,\x94 she continued, in an impressive and solemn tone,
\x93take care what you do; you are on the brink of a precipice.\x94

\x93Indeed?\x94 said the Lord Keeper, his mind reverting to the political
circumstances of the country. \x93Has anything come to your knowledge--any
plot or conspiracy?\x94

\x93No, my lord; those who traffic in such commodities do not call to their
councils the old, blind, and infirm. My warning is of another kind. You
have driven matters hard with the house of Ravenswood. Believe a true
tale: they are a fierce house, and there is danger in dealing with men
when they become desperate.\x94

\x93Tush,\x94 answered the Keeper; \x93what has been between us has been the work
of the law, not my doing; and to the law they must look, if they would
impugn my proceedings.\x94

\x93Ay, but they may think otherwise, and take the law into their own hand,
when they fail of other means of redress.\x94

\x93What mean you?\x94 said the Lord Keeper. \x93Young Ravenswood would not have
recourse to personal violence?\x94

\x93God forbid I should say so! I know nothing of the youth but what is
honourable and open. Honourable and open, said I? I should have added,
free, generous, noble. But he is still a Ravenswood, and may bide his
time. Remember the fate of Sir George Lockhart.\x94

The Lord Keeper started as she called to his recollection a tragedy
so deep and so recent. The old woman proceeded: \x93Chiesley, who did the
deed, was a relative of Lord Ravenswood. In the hall of Ravenswood, in
my presence and in that of others, he avowed publicly his determination
to do the cruelty which he afterwards committed. I could not keep
silence, though to speak it ill became my station. \x91You are devising a
dreadful crime,\x92 I said, \x91for which you must reckon before the judgment
seat.\x92 Never shall I forget his look, as he replied, \x91I must reckon then
for many things, and will reckon for this also.\x92 Therefore I may well
say, beware of pressing a desperate man with the hand of authority.
There is blood of Chiesley in the veins of Ravenswood, and one drop of
it were enough to fire him in the circumstances in which he is placed. I
say, beware of him.\x94

The old dame had, either intentionally or by accident, harped aright
the fear of the Lord Keeper. The desperate and dark resource of private
assassination, so familiar to a Scottish baron in former times, had even
in the present age been too frequently resorted to under the pressure of
unusual temptation, or where the mind of the actor was prepared for
such a crime. Sir William Ashton was aware of this; as also that young
Ravenswood had received injuries sufficient to prompt him to that sort
of revenge, which becomes a frequent though fearful consequence of the
partial administration of justice. He endeavoured to disguise from
Alice the nature of the apprehensions which he entertained; but so
ineffectually, that a person even of less penetration than nature had
endowed her with must necessarily have been aware that the subject lay
near his bosom. His voice was changed in its accent as he replied to
her, \x93That the Master of Ravenswood was a man of honour; and, were it
otherwise, that the fate of Chiesley of Dalry was a sufficient warning
to any one who should dare to assume the office of avenger of his own
imaginary wrongs.\x94 And having hastily uttered these expressions, he rose
and left the place without waiting for a reply.


     Is she a Capulet?
     O dear account! my life is my foe\x92s debt.


THE Lord Keeper walked for nearly a quarter of a mile in profound
silence. His daughter, naturally timid, and bred up in those ideas of
filial awe and implicit obedience which were inculcated upon the youth
of that period, did not venture to interrupt his meditations.

\x93Why do you look so pale, Lucy?\x94 said her father, turning suddenly round
and breaking silence.

According to the ideas of the time, which did not permit a young woman
to offer her sentiments on any subject of importance unless required to
do so, Lucy was bound to appear ignorant of the meaning of all that
had passed betwixt Alice and her father, and imputed the emotion he had
observed to the fear of the wild cattle which grazed in that part of the
extensive chase through which they were now walking.

Of these animals, the descendants of the savage herds which anciently
roamed free in the Caledonian forests, it was formerly a point of
state to preserve a few in the parks of the Scottish nobility. Specimens
continued within the memory of man to be kept at least at three houses
of distinction--Hamilton, namely, Drumlanrig, and Cumbernauld. They had
degenerated from the ancient race in size and strength, if we are to
judge from the accounts of old chronicles, and from the formidable
remains frequently discovered in bogs and morasses when drained and laid
open. The bull had lost the shaggy honours of his mane, and the race was
small and light made, in colour a dingy white, or rather a pale yellow,
with black horns and hoofs. They retained, however, in some measure,
the ferocity of their ancestry, could not be domesticated on account
of their antipathy to the human race, and were often dangerous if
approached unguardedly, or wantonly disturbed. It was this last reason
which has occasioned their being extirpated at the places we have
mentioned, where probably they would otherwise have been retained as
appropriate inhabitants of a Scottish woodland, and fit tenants for
a baronial forest. A few, if I mistake not, are still preserved
at Chillingham Castle, in Northumberland, the seat of the Earl of

It was to her finding herself in the vicinity of a group of three or
four of these animals, that Lucy thought proper to impute those signs of
fear which had arisen in her countenance for a different reason. For she
had been familiarised with the appearance of the wil cattle during her
walks in the chase; and it was not then, as it may be now, a necessary
part of a young lady\x92s demeanour to indulge in causeless tremors of the
nerves. On the present occasion, however, she speedily found cause for
real terror.

Lucy had scarcely replied to her father in the words we have mentioned,
and he was just about to rebuke her supposed timidity, when a bull,
stimulated either by the scarlet colour of Miss Ashton\x92s mantle, or by
one of those fits of capricious ferocity to which their dispositions are
liable, detached himself suddenly from the group which was feeding at
the upper extremity of a grassy glade, that seemed to lose itself among
the crossing and entangled boughs. The animal approached the intruders
on his pasture ground, at first slowly, pawing the ground with his hoof,
bellowing from time to time, and tearing up the sand with his horns, as
if to lash himself up to rage and violence.

The Lord Keeper, who observed the animal\x92s demeanour, was aware that he
was about to become mischievous, and, drawing his daughter\x92s arm under
his own, began to walk fast along the avenue, in hopes to get out of his
sight and his reach. This was the most injudicious course he could have
adopted, for, encouraged by the appearance of flight, the bull began
to pursue them at full speed. Assailed by a danger so imminent, firmer
courage than that of the Lord Keeper might have given way. But paternal
tenderness, \x93love strong as death,\x94 sustained him. He continued to
support and drag onward his daughter, until her fears altogether
depriving her of the power of flight, she sunk down by his side; and
when he could no longer assist her to escape, he turned round and placed
himself betwixt her and the raging animal, which, advancing in full
career, its brutal fury enhanced by the rapidity of the pursuit, was now
within a few yards of them. The Lord Keeper had no weapons; his age
and gravity dispensed even with the usual appendage of a walking
sword--could such appendage have availed him anything.

It seemed inevitable that the father or daughter, or both, should
have fallen victims to the impending danger, when a shot from the
neighbouring thicket arrested the progress of the animal. He was so
truly struck between the junction of the spine with the skull, that the
wound, which in any other part of his body might scarce have impeded his
career, proved instantly fatal. Stumbling forward with a hideous bellow,
the progressive force of his previous motion, rather than any operation
of his limbs, carried him up to within three yards of the astonished
Lord Keeper, where he rolled on the ground, his limbs darkened with the
black death-sweat, and quivering with the last convulsions of muscular

Lucy lay senseless on the ground, insensible of the wonderful
deliverance which she had experience. Her father was almost equally
stupified, so rapid and unexpected had been the transition from the
horrid death which seemed inevitable to perfect security. He gazed on
the animal, terrible even in death, with a species of mute and confused
astonishment, which did not permit him distinctly to understand what had
taken place; and so inaccurate was his consciousness of what had passed,
that he might have supposed the bull had been arrested in its career by
a thunderbolt, had he not observed among the branches of the thicket the
figure of a man, with a short gun or musquetoon in his hand.

This instantly recalled him to a sense of their situation: a glance at
his daughter reminded him of the necessity of procuring her assistance.
He called to the man, whom he concluded to be one of his foresters, to
give immediate attention to Miss Ashton, while he himself hastened to
call assistance. The huntsman approached them accordingly, and the Lord
Keeper saw he was a stranger, but was too much agitated to make any
farther remarks. In a few hurried words he directed the shooter, as
stronger and more active than himself, to carry the young lady to a
neighbouring fountain, while he went back to Alice\x92s hut to procure more

The man to whose timely interference they had been so much indebted did
not seem inclined to leave his good work half finished. He raised Lucy
from the ground in his arms, and conveying her through the glades of
the forest by paths with which he seemed well acquainted, stopped not
until he laid her in safety by the side of a plentiful and pellucid
fountain, which had been once covered in, screened and decorated with
architectural ornaments of a Gothic character. But now the vault which
had covered it being broken down and riven, and the Gothic font ruined
and demolished, the stream burst forth from the recess of the earth in
open day, and winded its way among the broken sculpture and moss-grown
stones which lay in confusion around its source.

Tradition, always busy, at least in Scotland, to grace with a legendary
tale a spot in itself interesting, had ascribed a cause of peculiar
veneration to this fountain. A beautiful young lady met one of the Lords
of Ravenswood while hunting near this spot, and, like a second Egeria,
had captivated the affections of the feudal Numa. They met frequently
afterwards, and always at sunset, the charms of the nymph\x92s mind
completing the conquest which her beauty had begun, and the mystery of
the intrigue adding zest to both. She always appeared and disappeared
close by the fountain, with which, therefore, her lover judged she had
some inexplicable connexion. She placed certain restrictions on their
intercourse, which also savoured of mystery. They met only once a
week--Friday was the appointed day--and she explained to the Lord of
Ravenswood that they were under the necessity of separating so soon as
the bell of a chapel, belonging to a hermitage in the adjoining wood,
now long ruinous, should toll the hour of vespers. In the course of his
confession, the Baron of Ravenswood entrusted the hermit with the
secret of this singular amour, and Father Zachary drew the necessary and
obvious consequence that his patron was enveloped in the toils of Satan,
and in danger of destruction, both to body and soul. He urged these
perils to the Baron with all the force of monkish rhetoric, and
described, in the most frightful colours, the real character and person
of the apparently lovely Naiad, whom he hesitated not to denounce as
a limb of the kingdom of darkness. The lover listened with obstinate
incredulity; and it was not until worn out by the obstinacy of the
anchoret that he consented to put the state and condition of his
mistress to a certain trial, and for that purpose acquiesced in
Zachary\x92s proposal that on their next interview the vespers bell
should be rung half an hour later than usual. The hermit maintained
and bucklered his opinion, by quotations from Malleus Malificarum,
Sprengerus, Remigius, and other learned demonologists, that the Evil
One, thus seduced to remain behind the appointed hour, would assume her
true shape, and, having appeared to her terrified lover as a fiend of
hell, would vanish from him in a flash of sulphurous lightning. Raymond
of Ravenswood acquiesced in the experiment, not incurious concerning
the issue, though confident it would disappoint the expectations of the

At the appointed hour the lovers met, and their interview was protracted
beyond that at which they usually parted, by the delay of the priest
to ring his usual curfew. No change took place upon the nymph\x92s outward
form; but as soon as the lengthening shadows made her aware that the
usual hour of the vespers chime was passed, she tore herself from her
lover\x92s arms with a shriek of despair, bid him adieu for ever, and,
plunging into the fountain, disappeared from his eyes. The bubbles
occasioned by her descent were crimsoned with blood as they arose,
leading the distracted Baron to infer that his ill-judged curiosity
had occasioned the death of this interesting and mysterious being. The
remorse which he felt, as well as the recollection of her charms, proved
the penance of his future life, which he lost in the battle of Flodden
not many months after. But, in memory of his Naiad, he had previously
ornamented the fountain in which she appeared to reside, and secured its
waters from profanation or pollution by the small vaulted building of
which the fragments still remained scattered around it. From this period
the house of Ravenswood was supposed to have dated its decay.

Such was the generally-received legend, which some, who would seem
wiser than the vulgar, explained as obscurely intimating the fate of a
beautiful maid of plebeian rank, the mistress of this Raymond, whom he
slew in a fit of jealousy, and whose blood was mingled with the waters
of the locked fountain, as it was commonly called. Others imagined
that the tale had a more remote origin in the ancient heathen mythology.
All, however, agreed that the spot was fatal to the Ravenswood family;
and that to drink of the waters of the well, or even approach its brink,
was as ominous to a descendant of that house as for a Grahame to wear
green, a Bruce to kill a spider, or a St. Clair to cross the Ord on a

It was on this ominous spot that Lucy Ashton first drew breath after her
long and almost deadly swoon. Beautiful and pale as the fabulous Naiad
in the last agony of separation from her lover, she was seated so as to
rest with her back against a part of the ruined wall, while her mantle,
dripping with the water which her protector had used profusely to recall
her senses, clung to her slender and beautifully proportioned form.

The first moment of recollection brought to her mind the danger which
had overpowered her senses; the next called to remembrance that of her
father. She looked around; he was nowhere to be seen. \x93My father, my
father!\x94 was all that she could ejaculate.

\x93Sir William is safe,\x94 answered the voice of a stranger--\x93perfectly
safe, adn will be with you instantly.\x94

\x93Are you sure of that?\x94 exclaimed Lucy. \x93The bull was close by us. Do
not stop me: I must go to seek my father!\x94

And she rose with that purpose; but her strength was so much exhausted
that, far from possessing the power to execute her purpose, she must
have fallen against the stone on which she had leant, probably not
without sustaining serious injury.

The stranger was so near to her that, without actually suffering her to
fall, he could not avoid catching her in his arms, which, however, he
did with a momentary reluctance, very unusual when youth interposes to
prevent beauty from danger. It seemed as if her weight, slight as it
was, proved too heavy for her young and athletic assistant, for, without
feeling the temptation of detaining her in his arms even for a single
instant, he again placed her on the stone from which she had risen,
and retreating a few steps, repeated hastily \x93Sir William Ashton is
perfectly safe and will be here instantly. Do not make yourself anxious
on his account: Fate has singularly preserved him. You, madam, are
exhausted, and must not think of rising until you have some assistance
more suitable than mine.\x94

Lucy, whose senses were by this time more effectually collected, was
naturally led to look at the stranger with attention. There was nothing
in his appearance which should have rendered him unwilling to offer his
arm to a young lady who required support, or which could have induced
her to refuse his assistance; and she could not help thinking, even
in that moment, that he seemed cold and reluctant to offer it. A
shooting-dress of dark cloth intimated the rank of the wearer, though
concealed in part by a large and loose cloak of a dark brown colour.
A montero cap and a black feather drooped over the wearer\x92s brow,
and partly concealed his features, which, so far as seen, were dark,
regular, adn full of majestic, though somewhat sullen, expression.
Some secret sorrow, or the brooding spirit of some moody passion, had
quenched the light and ingenuous vivacity of youth in a countenance
singularly fitted to display both, and it was not easy to gaze on the
stranger without a secret impression either of pity or awe, or at least
of doubt and curiosity allied to both.

The impression which we have necessarily been long in describing, Lucy
felt in the glance of a moment, and had no sooner encountered the keen
black eyes of the stranger than her own were bent on the ground with a
mixture of bashful embarrassment and fear. Yet there was a necessity to
speak, or at last she thought so, and in a fluttered accent she began
to mention her wonderful escape, in which she was sure that the stranger
must, under Heaven, have been her father\x92s protector and her own.

He seemed to shrink from her expressions of gratitude, while he replied
abruptly, \x93I leave you, madam,\x94 the deep melody of his voice rendered
powerful, but not harsh, by something like a severity of tone--\x93I leave
you to the protection of those to whom it is possible you may have this
day been a guardian angel.\x94

Lucy was surprised at the ambiguity of his language, and, with a feeling
of artless and unaffected gratitude, began to deprecate the idea of
having intended to give her deliverer any offence, as if such a thing
had been possible. \x93I have been unfortunate,\x94 she said, \x93in endeavouring
to express my thanks--I am sure it must be so, though I cannot recollect
what I said; but would you but stay till my father--till the Lord Keeper
comes; would you only permit him to pay you his thanks, and to inquire
your name?\x94

\x93My name is unnecessary,\x94 answered the stranger; \x93your father--I would
rather say Sir William Ashton--will learn it soon enough, for all the
pleasure it is likely to afford him.\x94

\x93You mistake him,\x94 said Lucy, earnestly; \x93he will be grateful for my
sake and for his own. You do not know my father, or you are deceiving me
with a story of his safety, when he has already fallen a victim to the
fury of that animal.\x94

When she had caught this idea, she started from the ground and
endeavoured to press towards the avenue in which the accident had taken
place, while the stranger, though he seemed to hesitate between the
desire to assist and the wish to leave her, was obliged, in common
humanity, to oppose her both by entreaty and action.

\x93On the word of a gentleman, madam, I tell you the truth; your father
is in perfect safety; you will expose yourself to injury if you venture
back where the herd of wild cattle grazed. If you will go\x94--for, having
once adopted the idea that her father was still in danger, she pressed
forward in spite of him--\x93if you WILL go, accept my arm, though I am not
perhaps the person who can with most propriety offer you support.\x94

But, without heeding this intimation, Lucy took him at his word. \x93Oh,
if you be a man,\x94 she said--\x93if you be a gentleman, assist me to find my
father! You shall not leave me--you must go with me; he is dying perhaps
while we are talking here!\x94

Then, without listening to excuse or apology, and holding fast by the
stranger\x92s arm, though unconscious of anything save the support which
it gave, and without which she could not have moved, mixed with a vague
feeling of preventing his escape from her, she was urging, and almost
dragging, him forward when Sir William Ashton came up, followed by the
female attendant of blind Alice, and by two woodcutters, whom he had
summoned from their occupation to his assistance. His joy at seeing his
daughter safe overcame the surprise with which he would at another time
have beheld her hanging as familiarly on the arm of a stranger as she
might have done upon his own.

\x93Lucy, my dear Lucy, are you safe?--are you well?\x94 were the only words
that broke from him as he embraced her in ecstasy.

\x93I am well, sir, thank God! and still more that I see you so; but this
gentleman,\x94 she said, quitting his arm and shrinking from him, \x93what
must he think of me?\x94 and her eloquent blood, flushing over neck and
brow, spoke how much she was ashamed of the freedom with which she had
craved, and even compelled, his assistance.

\x93This gentleman,\x94 said Sir William Ashton, \x93will, I trust, not regret
the trouble we have given him, when I assure him of the gratitude of
the Lord Keeper for the greatest service which one man ever rendered to
another--for the life of my child--for my own life, which he has saved
by his bravery and presence of mind. He will, I am sure, permit us to
request----\x94 \x93Request nothing of ME, my lord,\x94 said the stranger, in a
stern and peremptory tone; \x93I am the Master of Ravenswood.\x94

There was a dead pause of surprise, not unmixed with less pleasant
feelings. The Master wrapt himself in his cloak, made a haughty
inclination toward Lucy, muttering a few words of courtesy, as
indistinctly heard as they seemed to be reluctantly uttered, and,
turning from them, was immediately lost in the thicket.

\x93The Master of Ravenswood!\x94 said the Lord Keeper, when he had recovered
his momentary astonishment. \x93Hasten after him--stop him--beg him to
speak to me for a single moment.\x94

The two foresters accordingly set off in pursuit of the stranger. They
speedily reappeared, and, in an embarrassed and awkward manner, said the
gentleman would not return.

The Lord Keeper took one of the fellows aside, and questioned him more
closely what the Master of Ravenswood had said.

\x93He just said he wadna come back,\x94 said the man, with the caution of
a prudent Scotchman, who cared not to be the bearer of an unpleasant

\x93He said something more, sir,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93and I insist on
knowing what it was.\x94

\x93Why, then, my lord,\x94 said the man, looking down, \x93he said--But it wad
be nae pleasure to your lordship to hear it, for I dare say the Master
meant nae ill.\x94

\x93That\x92s none of your concern, sir; I desire to hear the very words.\x94

\x93Weel, then,\x94 replied the man, \x93he said, \x91Tell Sir William Ashton that
the next time he and I forgather, he will nto be half sae blythe of our
meeting as of our parting.\x92\x94

\x93Very well, sir,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93I believe he alludes to a wager
we have on our hawks; it is a matter of no consequence.\x94

He turned to his daughter, who was by this time so much recovered as to
be able to walk home. But the effect, which the various recollections
connected with a scene so terrific made upon a mind which was
susceptible in an extreme degree, was more permanent than the injury
which her nerves had sustained. Visions of terror, both in sleep and in
waking reveries, recalled to her the form of the furious animal, and the
dreadful bellow with which he accompanied his career; and it was always
the image of the Master of Ravenswood, with his native nobleness of
countenance and form, that seemed to interpose betwixt her and assured
death. It is, perhaps, at all times dangerous for a young person to
suffer recollection to dwell repeatedly, and with too much complacency,
on the same individual; but in Lucy\x92s situation it was almost
unavoidable. She had never happened to see a young man of mien and
features so romantic and so striking as young Ravenswood; but had she
seen an hundred his equals or his superiors in those particulars, no one
else would have been linked to her heart by the strong associations of
remembered danger and escape, of gratitude, wonder, and curiosity. I
say curiosity, for it is likely that the singularly restrained and
unaccommodating manners of the Master of Ravenswood, so much at variance
with the natural expression of his features and grace of his deportment,
as they excited wonder by the contrast, had their effect in riveting her
attention to the recollections. She knew little of Ravenswood, or the
disputes which had existed betwixt her father and his, and perhaps could
in her gentleness of mind hardly have comprehended the angry and bitter
passions which they had engendered. But she knew that he was come of
noble stem; was poor, though descended from the noble and the wealthy;
and she felt that she could sympathise with the feelings of a proud
mind, which urged him to recoil from the proffered gratitude of the new
proprietors of his father\x92s house and domains. Would he have equally
shunned their acknowledgments and avoided their intimacy, had her
father\x92s request been urged more mildly, less abruptly, and softened
with the grace which women so well know how to throw into their manner,
when they mean to mediate betwixt the headlong passions of the ruder
sex? This was a perilous question to ask her own mind--perilous both in
the idea and its consequences.

Lucy Ashton, in short, was involved in those mazes of the imagination
which are most dangerous to the young and the sensitive. Time, it
is true, absence, change of scene and new faces, might probably have
destroyed the illusion in her instance, as it has done in many others;
but her residence remained solitary, and her mind without those means of
dissipating her pleasing visions. This solitude was chiefly owing to the
absence of Lady Ashton, who was at this time in Edinburgh, watching the
progress of some state-intrigue; the Lord Keeper only received society
out of policy or ostentation, and was by nature rather reserved and
unsociable; and thus no cavalier appeared to rival or to obscure the
ideal picture of chivalrous excellence which Lucy had pictured to
herself in the Master of Ravenswood.

While Lucy indulged in these dreams, she made frequent visits to old
blind Alice, hoping it would be easy to lead her to talk on the subject
which at present she had so imprudently admitted to occupy so large a
portion of her thoughts. But Alice did not in this particular gratify
her wishes and expectations. She spoke readily, and with pathetic
feeling, concerning the family in general, but seemed to observe
an especial and cautious silence on the subject of the present
representative. The little she said of him was not altogether so
favourable as Lucy had anticipated. She hinted that he was of a stern
and unforgiving character, more ready to resent than to pardon injuries;
and Lucy combined, with great alarm, the hints which she now dropped
of these dangerous qualities with Alice\x92s advice to her father, so
emphatically given, \x93to beware of Ravenswood.\x94

But that very Ravenswood, of whom such unjust suspicions had been
entertained, had, almost immediately after they had been uttered,
confuted them by saving at once her father\x92s life and her own. Had he
nourished such black revenge as Alice\x92s dark hints seemed to indicate,
no deed of active guilt was necessary to the full gratification of
that evil passion. He needed but to have withheld for an instant his
indispensable and effective assistance, and the object of his resentment
must have perished, without any direct aggression on his part, by a
death equally fearful and certain. She conceived, therefore, that some
secret prejudice, or the suspicions incident to age and misfortune,
had led Alice to form conclusions injurious to the character, and
irreconcilable both with the generous conduct and noble features, of the
Master of Ravenswood. And in this belief Lucy reposed her hope, and went
on weaving her enchanted web of fairy tissue, as beautiful and transient
as the film of the gossamer when it is pearled with the morning dew and
glimmering to the sun.

Her father, in the mean while, as well as the Master of Ravenswood, were
making reflections, as frequent though more solid than those of Lucy,
upon the singular event which had taken place. The Lord Keeper\x92s first
task, when he returned home, was to ascertain by medical advice that
his daughter had sustained no injury from the dangerous and alarming
situation in which she had been placed. Satisfied on this topic, he
proceeded to revise the memoranda which he had taken down from the mouth
of the person employed to interrupt the funeral service of the late
Lord Ravenswood. Bred to casuistry, and well accustomed to practise the
ambidexter ingenuity of the bar, it cost him little trouble to soften
the features of the tumult which he had been at first so anxious to
exaggerate. He preached to his colleagues of the privy council the
necessity of using conciliatory measures with young men, whose blood
and temper were hot, and their experience of life limited. He did not
hesitate to attribute some censure to the conduct of the officer, as
having been unnecessarily irritating.

These were the contents of his public despatches. The letters which
he wrote to those private friends into whose management the matter was
likely to fall were of a yet more favourable tenor. He represented
that lenity in this case would be equally politic and popular, whereas,
considering the high respect with which the rites of interment are
regarded in Scotland, any severity exercised against the Master of
Ravenswood for protecting those of his father from interruption, would
be on all sides most unfavourably construed. And, finally, assuming the
language of a generous and high-spirited man, he made it his particular
request that this affair should be passed over without severe notice. He
alluded with delicacy to the predicament in which he himself stood with
young Ravenswood, as having succeeded in the long train of litigation
by which the fortunes of that noble house had been so much reduced, and
confessed it would be most peculiarly acceptable to his own feelings,
could he find in some sort to counterbalance the disadvantages which he
had occasioned the family, though only in the prosecution of his just
and lawful rights. He therefore made it his particular and personal
request that the matter should have no farther consequences, an
insinuated a desire that he himself should have the merit of having
put a stop to it by his favourable report and intercession. It was
particularly remarkable that, contrary to his uniform practice, he made
no special communication to Lady Ashton upon the subject of the tumult;
and although he mentioned the alarm which Lucy had received from one
of the wild cattle, yet he gave no detailed account of an incident so
interesting and terrible.

There was much surprise among Sir William Ashton\x92s political friends and
colleagues on receiving letters of a tenor so unexpected. On comparing
notes together, one smiled, one put up his eyebrows, a third nodded
acquiescence in the general wonder, and a fourth asked if they were sure
these were ALL the letters the Lord Keeper had written on the subject.
\x93It runs strangely in my mind, my lords, that none of these advices
contain the root of the matter.\x94

But no secret letters of a contrary nature had been received, although
the question seemed to imply the possibility of their existence.

\x93Well,\x94 said an old grey-headed statesman, who had contrived, by
shifting and trimming, to maintain his post at the steerage through all
the changes of course which the vessel had held for thirty years, \x93I
thought Sir William would hae verified the auld Scottish saying, \x91As
soon comes the lamb\x92s skin to market as the auld tup\x92s\x92.\x94

\x93We must please him after his own fashion,\x94 said another, \x93though it be
an unlooked-for one.\x94

\x93A wilful man maun hae his way,\x94 answered the old counsellor.

\x93The Keeper will rue this before year and day are out,\x94 said a third;
\x93the Master of Ravenswood is the lad to wind him a pirn.\x94

\x93Why, what would you do, my lords, with the poor young fellow?\x94 said a
noble Marquis present. \x93The Lord Keeper has got all his estates; he has
not a cross to bless himself with.\x94

On which the ancient Lord Turntippet replied,

     \x93If he hasna gear to fine,
     He ha shins to pine.

\x93And that was our way before the Revolution: Lucitur cum persona, qui
luere non potest cum crumena. Hegh, my lords, that\x92s gude law Latin.\x94

\x93I can see no motive,\x94 replied the Marquis, \x93that any noble lord can
have for urging this matter farther; let the Lord Keeper have the power
to deal in it as he pleases.\x94

\x93Agree, agree--remit to the Lord Keeper, with any other person for
fashion\x92s sake--Lord Hirplehooly, who is bed-ridden--one to be a quorum.
Make your entry in the minutes, Mr. Clerk. And now, my lords, there is
that young scattergood the Laird of Bucklaw\x92s fine to be disposed upon.
I suppose it goes to my Lord Treasurer?\x94

\x93Shame be in my meal-poke, then,\x94 exclaimed the Lord Turntippet, \x93and
your hand aye in the nook of it! I had set that down for a bye-bit
between meals for mysell.\x94

\x93To use one of your favourite saws, my lord,\x94 replied the Marquis, \x93you
are like the miller\x92s dog, that licks his lips before the bag is untied:
the man is not fined yet.\x94

\x93But that costs but twa skarts of a pen,\x94 said Lord Turntippet; \x93and
surely there is nae noble lord that will presume to say that I, wha hae
complied wi\x92 a\x92 compliances, taen all manner of tests, adjured all that
was to be abjured, and sworn a\x92 that was to be sworn, for these thirty
years bye-past, sticking fast by my duty to the state through good
report and bad report, shouldna hae something now and then to synd my
mouth wi\x92 after sic drouthy wark? Eh?\x94

\x93It would be very unreasonable indeed, my lord,\x94 replied the Marquis,
\x93had we either thought that your lordship\x92s drought was quenchable, or
observed anything stick in your throat that required washing down.\x94

And so we close the scene on the privy council of that period.


     For this are all these warriors come,
     To hear an idle tale;
     And o\x92er our death-accustom\x92d arms
     Shall silly tears prevail?


ON the evening of the day when the Lord Keeper and his daughter were
saved from such imminent peril, two strangers were seated in the most
private apartment of a small obscure inn, or rather alehouse, called
the Tod\x92s Den [Hole], about three or four [five or six] miles from the
Castle of Ravenswood and as far from the ruinous tower of Wolf\x92s Crag,
betwixt which two places it was situated.

One of these strangers was about forty years of age, tall, and thin in
the flanks, with an aquiline nose, dark penetrating eyes, and a shrewd
but sinister cast of countenance. The other was about fifteen years
younger, short, stout, ruddy-faced, and red-haired, with an open,
resolute, and cheerful eye, to which careless and fearless freedom and
inward daring gave fire and expression, notwithstanding its light grey
colour. A stoup of wine (for in those days it was served out from the
cask in pewter flagons) was placed on the table, and each had his quaigh
or bicker before him. But there was little appearance of conviviality.
With folded arms, and looks of anxious expectation, they eyed each other
in silence, each wrapt in his own thoughts, and holding no communication
with his neighbour. At length the younger broke silence by exclaiming:
\x93What the foul fiend can detain the Master so long? He must have
miscarried in his enterprise. Why did you dissuade me from going with

\x93One man is enough to right his own wrong,\x94 said the taller and older
personage; \x93we venture our lives for him in coming thus far on such an

\x93You are but a craven after all, Craigengelt,\x94 answered the younger,
\x93and that\x92s what many folk have thought you before now.\x94 \x93But what none
has dared to tell me,\x94 said Craigengelt, laying his hand on the hilt of
his sword; \x93and, but that I hold a hasty man no better than a fool, I
would----\x94 he paused for his companion\x92s answer.

\x93WOULD you?\x94 said the other, coolly; \x93and why do you not then?\x94

Craigengelt drew his cutlass an inch or two, and then returned it with
violence into the scabbard--\x93Because there is a deeper stake to be
played for than the lives of twenty hare-brained gowks like you.\x94

\x93You are right there,\x94 said his companion, \x93for it if were not that
these forfeitures, and that last fine that the old driveller Turntippet
is gaping for, and which, I dare say, is laid on by this time, have
fairly driven me out of house and home, I were a coxcomb and a cuckoo to
boot to trust your fair promises of getting me a commission in the
Irish brigade. What have I to do with the Irish brigade? I am a
plain Scotchman, as my father was before me; and my grand-aunt, Lady
Girnington, cannot live for ever.\x94

\x93Ay, Bucklaw,\x94 observed Craigengelt, \x93but she may live for many a long
day; and for your father, he had land and living, kept himself close
from wadsetters and money-lenders, paid each man his due, and lived on
his own.\x94

\x93And whose fault is it that I have not done so too?\x94 said
Bucklaw--\x93whose but the devil\x92s and yours, and such-like as you, that
have led me to the far end of a fair estate? And now I shall be obliged,
I suppose, to shelter and shift about like yourself: live one week upon
a line of secret intelligence from Saint Germains; another upon a report
of a rising in the Highlands; get my breakfast and morning draught of
sack from old Jacobite ladies, and give them locks of my old wig for the
Chevalier\x92s hair; second my friend in his quarrel till he comes to the
field, and then flinch from him lest so important a political agent
should perish from the way. All this I must do for bread, besides
calling myself a captain!\x94

\x93You think you are making a fine speech now,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93and
showing much wit at my expense. Is starving or hanging better than the
life I am obliged to lead, because the present fortunes of the king
cannot sufficiently support his envoys?\x94 \x93Starving is honester,
Craigengelt, and hanging is like to be the end on\x92t. But what you mean
to make of this poor fellow Ravenswood, I know not. He has no money
left, any more than I; his lands are all pawned and pledged, and the
interest eats up the rents, and is not satisfied, and what do you hope
to make by meddling in his affairs?\x94

\x93Content yourself, Bucklaw; I know my business,\x94 replied Craigengelt.
\x93Besides that his name, and his father\x92s services in 1689, will make
such an acquisition sound well both at Versailles and Saint Germains,
you will also please be informed that the Master of Ravenswood is a very
different kind of a young fellow from you. He has parts and address,
as well as courage and talents, and will present himself abroad like a
young man of head as well as heart, who knows something more than the
speed of a horse or the flight of a hawk. I have lost credit of late, by
bringing over no one that had sense to know more than how to unharbour a
stag, or take and reclaim an eyas. The Master has education, sense, and

\x93And yet is not wise enough to escape the tricks of a kidnapper,
Craigengelt?\x94 replied the younger man. \x93But don\x92t be angry; you know
you will nto fight, and so it is as well to leave your hilt in peace
and quiet, and tell me in sober guise how you drew the Master into your

\x93By flattering his love of vengeance, Bucklaw,\x94 answered Craigengelt.
\x93He has always distrusted me; but I watched my time, and struck while
his temper was red-hot with the sense of insult and of wrong. He goes
now to expostulate, as he says, and perhaps thinks, with Sir William
Ashton. I say, that if they meet, and the lawyer puts him to his
defence, the Master will kill him; for he had that sparkle in his eye
which never deceives you when you would read a man\x92s purpose. At any
rate, he will give him such a bullying as will be construed into an
assault on a privy councillor; so there will be a total breach betwixt
him and government. Scotland will be too hot for him; France will gain
him; and we will all set sail together in the French brig \x91L\x92Espoir,\x92
which is hovering for us off Eyemouth.\x94

\x93Content am I,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93Scotland has little left that I care
about; and if carrying the Master with us will get us a better reception
in France, why, so be it, a God\x92s name. I doubt our own merits will
procure us slender preferment; and I trust he will send a ball through
the Keeper\x92s head before he joins us. One or two of these scoundrel
statesmen should be shot once a year, just to keep the others on their
good behaviour.\x94

\x93That is very true,\x94 replied Craigengelt; \x93and it reminds me that I
must go and see that our horses have been fed and are in readiness; for,
should such deed be done, it will be no time for grass to grow beneath
their heels.\x94 He proceeded as far as the door, then turned back with a
look of earnestness, and said to Bucklaw: \x93Whatever should come of this
business, I am sure you will do me the justice to remember that I said
nothing to the Master which could imply my accession to any act of
violence which he may take it into his head to commit.\x94

\x93No, no, not a single word like accession,\x94 replied Bucklaw; \x93you
know too well the risk belonging to these two terrible words, \x91art and
part.\x92\x94 Then, as if to himself, he recited the following lines:

\x93The dial spoke not, but it made shrewd signs, And pointed full upon the
stroke of murder.

\x93What is that you are talking to yourself?\x94 said Craigengelt, turning
back with some anxiety.

\x93Nothing, only two lines I have heard upon the stage,\x94 replied his

\x93Bucklaw,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93I sometimes think you should have been a
stage-player yourself; all is fancy and frolic with you.\x94

\x93I have often thought so myself,\x94 said Bucklaw. \x93I believe it would be
safer than acting with you in the Fatal Conspiracy. But away, play
your own part, and look after the horses like a groom as you are. A
play-actor--a stage-player!\x94 he repeated to himself; \x93that would have
deserved a stab, but that Craigengelt\x92s a coward. And yet I should like
the profession well enough. Stay, let me see; ay, I would come out in

     Thus from the grave I rise to save my love,
     Draw all your swords, and quick as lightning move.
     When I rush on, sure none will dare to stay:
     \x91Tis love commands, and glory leads the way.\x94

As with a voice of thunder, and his hand upon his sword, Bucklaw
repeated the ranting couplets of poor Lee, Craigengelt re-entered with a
face of alarm.

\x93We are undone, Bucklaw! The Master\x92s led horse has cast himself over
his halter in the stable, and is dead lame. His hackney will be set up
with the day\x92s work, and now he has no fresh horse; he will never get

\x93Egad, there will be no moving with the speed of lightning this bout,\x94
 said Bucklaw, drily. \x93But stay, you can give him yours.\x94

\x93What! and be taken myself? I thank you for the proposal,\x94 said

\x93Why,\x94 replied Bucklaw, \x93if the Lord Keeper should have met with a
mischance, which for my part I cannot suppose, for the Master is not
the lad to shoot an old and unarmed man--but IF there should have been
a fray at the Castle, you are neither art not part in it, you know, so
have nothing to fear.\x94

\x93True, true,\x94 answered the other, with embarrassment; \x93but consider my
commission from Saint Germains.\x94

\x93Which many men think is a commission of your own making, noble Captain.
Well, if you will not give him your horse, why, d----n it, he must have

\x93Yours?\x94 said Craigengelt.

\x93Ay, mine,\x94 repeated Bucklaw; \x93it shall never be said that I agreed to
back a gentleman in a little affair of honour, and neither helped him on
with it nor off from it.\x94

\x93You will give him your horse? and have you considered the loss?\x94

\x93Loss! why, Grey Gilbert cost me twenty Jacobuses, that\x92s true; but then
his hackney is worth something, and his Black Moor is worth twice as
much were he sound, and I know how to handle him. Take a fat sucking
mastiff whelp, flay and bowel him, stuff the body full of black and
grey snails, roast a reasonable time, and baste with oil of spikenard,
saffron, cinnamon, and honey, anoint with the dripping, working it

\x93Yes, Bucklaw; but in the mean while, before the sprain is cured, nay,
before the whelp is roasted, you will be caught and hung. Depend on it,
the chase will be hard after Ravenswood. I wish we had made our place of
rendezvous nearer to the coast.\x94

\x93On my faith, then,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93I had best go off just now, and
leave my horse for him. Stay--stay, he comes: I hear a horse\x92s feet.\x94

\x93Are you sure there is only one?\x94 said Craigengelt. \x93I fear there is a
chase; I think I hear three or four galloping together. I am sure I hear
more horses than one.\x94

\x93Pooh, pooh, it is the wench of the house clattering to the well in her
pattens. By my faith, Captain, you should give up both your captainship
and your secret service, for you are as easily scared as a wild goose.
But here comes the Master alone, and looking as gloomy as a night in

The Master of Ravenswood entered the room accordingly, his cloak muffled
around him, his arms folded, his looks stern, and at the same time
dejected. He flung his cloak from him as he entered, threw himself upon
a chair, and appeared sunk in a profound reverie.

\x93What has happened? What have you done?\x94 was hastily demanded by
Craigengelt and Bucklaw in the same moment.

\x93Nothing!\x94 was the short and sullen answer.

\x93Nothing! and left us, determined to call the old villain to account
for all the injuries that you, we, and the country have received at his
hand? Have you seen him?\x94 \x93I have,\x94 replied the Master of Ravenswood.

\x93Seen him--and come away without settling scores which have been so long
due?\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93I would not have expected that at the hand of the
Master of Ravenswood.\x94

\x93No matter what you expected,\x94 replied Ravenswood; \x93it is not to you,
sir, that I shall be disposed to render any reason for my conduct.\x94

\x93Patience, Bucklaw,\x94 said Craigengelt, interrupting his companion, who
seemed about to make an angry reply. \x93The Master has been interrupted in
his purpose by some accident; but he must excuse the anxious curiosity
of friends who are devoted to his cause like you and me.\x94

\x93Friends, Captain Craigengelt!\x94 retorted Ravenswood, haughtily; \x93I am
ignorant what familiarity passed betwixt us to entitle you to use that
expression. I think our friendship amounts to this, that we agreed to
leave Scotland together so soon as I should have visited the
alienated mansion of my fathers, and had an interview with its present
possessor--I will not call him proprietor.\x94

\x93Very true, Master,\x94 answered Bucklaw; \x93and as we thought you had in
mind to do something to put your neck in jeopardy, Craigie and I very
courteously agreed to tarry for you, although ours might run some risk
in consequence. As to Craigie, indeed, it does not very much signify: he
had gallows written on his brow in the hour of his birth; but I should
not like to discredit my parentage by coming to such an end in another
man\x92s cause.\x94

\x93Gentlemen,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, \x93I am sorry if I have
occasioned you any inconvenience, but I must claim the right of judging
what is best for my own affairs, without rendering explanations to any
one. I have altered my mind, and do not design to leave the country this

\x93Not to leave the country, Master!\x94 exclaimed Craigengelt. \x93Not to go
over, after all the trouble and expense I have incurred--after all the
risk of discovery, and the expense of freight and demurrage!\x94

\x93Sir,\x94 replied the Master of Ravenswood, \x93when I designed to leave this
country in this haste, I made use of your obliging offer to procure me
means of conveyance; but I do not recollect that I pledged myself to
go off, if I found occasion to alter my mind. For your trouble on my
account, I am sorry, and I thank you; your expense,\x94 he added, putting
his hand into his pocket, \x93admits a more solid compensation: freight and
demurrage are matters with which I am unacquainted, Captain Craigengelt,
but take my purse and pay yourself according to your own conscience.\x94
 And accordingly he tendered a purse with some gold in it to the
soi-disant captain.

But here Bucklaw interposed in his turn. \x93Your fingers, Craigie, seem to
itch for that same piece of green network,\x94 said he; \x93but I make my vow
to God, that if they offer to close upon it, I will chop them off with
my whinger. Since the Master has changed his mind, I suppose we need
stay here no longer; but in the first place I beg leave to tell him----\x94

\x93Tell him anything you will,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93if you will first
allow me to state the inconveniences to which he will expose himself by
quitting our society, to remind him of the obstacles to his remaining
here, and of the difficulties attending his proper introduction at
Versailles and Saint Germains without the countenance of those who have
established useful connexions.\x94

\x93Besides forfeiting the friendship,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93of at least one man
of spirit and honour.\x94

\x93Gentlemen,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93permit me once more to assure you
that you have been pleased to attach to our temporary connexion more
importance than I ever meant that it should have. When I repair to
foreign courts, I shall not need the introduction of an intriguing
adventurer, nor is it necessary for me to set value on the friendship
of a hot-headed bully.\x94 With these words, and without waiting for an
answer, he left the apartment, remounted his horse, and was heard to
ride off.

\x93Mortbleu!\x94 said Captain Craigengelt, \x93my recruit is lost!\x94

\x93Ay, Captain,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93the salmon is off with hook and all. But
I will after him, for I have had more of his insolence than I can well

Craigengelt offered to accompany him; but Bucklaw replied: \x93No, no,
Captain, keep you the check of the chimney-nook till I come back; it\x92s
good sleeping in a haill skin.

     Little kens the auld wife that sits by the fire,
     How cauld the wind blaws in hurle-burle swire.\x94

And singing as he went, he left the apartment.


     Now, Billy Berwick, keep good heart,
     And of they talking let me be;
     But if thou art a man, as I am sure thou art,
     Come over the dike and fight with me.

     Old Ballad.

THE Master of Ravenswood had mounted the ambling hackney which he before
rode, on finding the accident which had happened to his led horse, and,
for the animal\x92s ease, was proceeding at a slow pace from the Tod\x92s Den
towards his old tower of Wolf\x92s Crag, when he heard the galloping of a
horse behind him, and, looking back, perceived that he was pursued by
young Bucklaw, who had been delayed a few minutes in the pursuit by
the irresistable temptation of giving the hostler at the Tod\x92s Den some
recipe for treating the lame horse. This brief delay he had made up by
hard galloping, and now overtook the Master where the road traversed
a waste moor. \x93Halt, sir,\x94 cried Bucklaw; \x93I am no political agent--no
Captain Craigengelt, whose life is too important to be hazarded in
defence of his honour. I am Frank Hayston of Bucklaw, and no man injures
me by word, deed, sign, or look, but he must render me an account of

\x93This is all very well, Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw,\x94 replied the Master
of Ravenswood, in a tone the most calm and indifferent; \x93but I have no
quarrel with you, and desire to have none. Our roads homeward, as well
as our roads through life, lie in different directions; there is no
occasion for us crossing each other.\x94

\x93Is there not?\x94 said Bucklaw, impetuously. \x93By Heaven! but I say that
there is, though: you called us intriguing adventurers.\x94

\x93Be correct in your recollection, Mr. Hayston; it was to your companion
only I applied that epithet, and you know him to be no better.\x94

\x93And what then? He was my companion for the time, and no man shall
insult my companion, right or wrong, while he is in my company.\x94

\x93Then, Mr. Hayston,\x94 replied Ravenswood, with the same composure, \x93you
should choose your society better, or you are like to have much work
in your capacity of their champion. Go home, sir; sleep, and have more
reason in your wrath to-morrow.\x94

\x93Not so, Master, you have mistaken your man; high airs and wise saws
shall not carry it off thus. Besides, you termed me bully, and you shall
retract the word before we part.\x94

\x93Faith, scarcely,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93unless you show me better reason
for thinking myself mistaken than you are now producing.\x94

\x93Then, Master,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93though I should be sorry to offer it to a
man of your quality, if you will not justify your incivility, or retract
it, or name a place of meeting, you must here undergo the hard word and
the hard blow.\x94

\x93Neither will be necessary,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93I am satisfied with what
I have done to avoid an affair with you. If you are serious, this place
will serve as well as another.\x94

\x93Dismount then, and draw,\x94 said Bucklaw, setting him an example. \x93I
always thought and said you were a pretty man; I should be sorry to
report you otherwise.\x94

\x93You shall have no reason, sir,\x94 said Ravenswood, alighting, and putting
himself into a posture of defence.

Their swords crossed, and the combat commenced with great spirit on the
part of Bucklaw, who was well accustomed to affairs of the kind, and
distinguished by address and dexterity at his weapon. In the present
case, however, he did not use his skill to advantage; for, having
lost temper at the cool and contemptuous manner in which the Master of
Ravenswood had long refused, and at length granted, him satisfaction,
and urged by his impatience, he adopted the part of an assailant with
inconsiderate eagerness. The Master, with equal skill, and much greater
composure, remained chiefly on the defensive, and even declined to avail
himself of one or two advantages afforded him by the eagerness of his
adversary. At length, in a desperate lunge, which he followed with
an attempt to close, Bucklaw\x92s foot slipped, and he fell on the short
grassy turf on which they were fighting. \x93Take your life, sir,\x94 said the
Master of Ravenswood, \x93and mend it if you can.\x94

\x93It would be but a cobbled piece of work, I fear,\x94 said Bucklaw, rising
slowly and gathering up his sword, much less disconcerted with the issue
of the combat than could have been expected from the impetuosity of
his temper. \x93I thank you for my life, Master,\x94 he pursued. \x93There is my
hand; I bear no ill-will to you, either for my bad luck or your better

The Master looked steadily at him for an instant, then extended his hand
to him. \x93Bucklaw,\x94 he said, \x93you are a generous fellow, and I have done
you wrong. I heartily ask your pardon for the expression which offended
you; it was hastily and incautiously uttered, and I am convinced it is
totally misapplied.\x94

\x93Are you indeed, Master?\x94 said Bucklaw, his face resuming at once its
natural expression of light-hearted carelessness and audacity; \x93that is
more than I expected of you; for, Master, men say you are not ready to
retract your opinion and your language.\x94

\x93Not when I have well considered them,\x94 said the Master.

\x93Then you are a little wiser than I am, for I always give my friend
satisfaction first, and explanation afterwards. If one of us falls, all
accounts are settled; if not, men are never so ready for peace as after
war. But what does that bawling brat of a boy want?\x94 said Bucklaw. \x93I
wish to Heaven he had come a few minutes sooner! and yet it must have
been ended some time, and perhaps this way is as well as any other.\x94

As he spoke, the boy he mentioned came up, cudgelling an ass, on which
he was mounted, to the top of its speed, and sending, like one of
Ossian\x92s heroes, his voice before him: \x93Gentlemen--gentlemen, save
yourselves! for the gudewife bade us tell ye there were folk in her
house had taen Captain Craigengelt, and were seeking for Bucklaw, and
that ye behoved to ride for it.\x94 \x93By my faith, and that\x92s very true, my
man\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93and there\x92s a silver sixpence for your news, and I
would give any man twice as much would tell me which way I should ride.\x94

\x93That will I, Bucklaw,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93ride home to Wolf\x92s Crag with
me. There are places in the old tower where you might lie hid, were a
thousand men to seek you.\x94

\x93But that will bring you into trouble yourself, Master; and unless you
be in the Jacobite scrape already, it is quite needless for me to drag
you in.\x94

\x93Not a whit; I have nothing to fear.\x94

\x93Then I will ride with you blythely, for, to say the truth, I do not
know the rendezvous that Craigie was to guide us to this night; and I am
sure that, if he is taken, he will tell all the truth of me, and twenty
lies of you, in order to save himself from the withie.\x94

They mounted and rode off in company accordingly, striking off the
ordinary road, and holding their way by wild moorish unfrequented paths,
with which the gentlemen were well acquainted from the exercise of
the chase, but through which others would have had much difficulty in
tracing their course. They rode for some time in silence, making such
haste as the condition of Ravenswood\x92s horse permitted, until night
having gradually closed around them, they discontinued their speed, both
from the difficulty of discovering their path, and from the hope that
they were beyond the reach of pursuit or observation.

\x93And now that we have drawn bridle a bit,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93I would fain
ask you a question, Master.\x94

\x93Ask and welcome,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93but forgive not answering it,
unless I think proper.\x94

\x93Well, it is simply this,\x94 answered his late antagonist \x93What, in
the name of old Sathan, could make you, who stand so highly on your
reputation, think for a moment of drawing up with such a rogue as
Craigengelt, and such a scapegrace as folk call Bucklaw?\x94

\x93Simply, because I was desperate, and sought desperate associates.\x94

\x93And what made you break off from us at the nearest?\x94 again demanded

\x93Because I had changed my mind,\x94 said the Master, \x93and renounced my
enterprise, at least for the present. And now that I have answered your
questions fairly and frankly, tell me what makes you associate with
Craigengelt, so much beneath you both in birth and in spirit?\x94

\x93In plain terms,\x94 answered Bucklaw, \x93because I am a fool, who have
gambled away my land in thse times. My grand-aunt, Lady Girnington, has
taen a new tack of life, I think, and I could only hope to get something
by a change of government. Craigie was a sort of gambling acquaintance;
he saw my condition, and, as the devil is always at one\x92s elbow, told
me fifty lies about his credentials from Versailles, and his interest at
Saint Germains, promised me a captain\x92s commission at Paris, and I have
been ass enough to put my thumb under his belt. I dare say, by this
time, he has told a dozen pretty stories of me to the government. And
this is what I have got by wine, women, and dice, cocks, dogs, and

\x93Yes, Bucklaw,\x94 said the Master, \x93you have indeed nourished in your
bosom the snakes that are now stinging you.\x94

\x93That\x92s home as well as true, Master,\x94 replied his companion; \x93but, by
your leave, you have nursed in your bosom one great goodly snake
that has swallowed all the rest, and is as sure to devour you as my
half-dozen are to make a meal on all that\x92s left of Bucklaw, which is
but what lies between bonnet and boot-heel.\x94

\x93I must not,\x94 answered the Master of Ravenswood, \x93challenge the
freedom of speech in which I have set example. What, to speak without
a metaphor, do you call this monstrous passion which you charge me with

\x93Revenge, my good sir--revenge; which, if it be as gentle manlike a sin
as wine and wassail, with their et coeteras, is equally unchristian, and
not so bloodless. It is better breaking a park-pale to watch a doe or
damsel than to shoot an old man.\x94

\x93I deny the purpose,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood. \x93On my soul, I had
no such intention; I meant but to confront the oppressor ere I left my
native land, and upbraid him with his tyranny and its consequences.
I would have stated my wrongs so that they would have shaken his soul
within him.\x94

\x93Yes,\x94 answered Bucklaw, \x93and he would have collared you, and cried
\x91help,\x92 and then you would have shaken the soul OUT of him, I suppose.
Your very look and manner would have frightened the old man to death.\x94

\x93Consider the provocation,\x94 answered Ravenswood--\x93consider the ruin and
death procured and caused by his hard-hearted cruelty--an ancient house
destroyed, an affectionate father murdered! Why, in our old Scottish
days, he that sat quiet under such wrongs would have been held neither
fit to back a friend nor face a foe.\x94

\x93Well, Master, I am glad to see that the devil deals as cunningly with
other folk as he deals with me; for whenever I am about to commit any
folly, he persuades me it is the most necessary, gallant, gentlemanlike
thing on earth, and I am up to saddlegirths in the bog before I see that
the ground is soft. And you, Master, might have turned out a murd----a
homicide, just out of pure respect for your father\x92s memory.\x94

\x93There is more sense in your language, Bucklaw,\x94 replied the Master,
\x93than might have been expected from your conduct. It is too true, our
vices steal upon us in forms outwardly as fair as those of the demons
whom the superstitious represent as intriguing with the human race, and
are not discovered in their native hideousness until we have clasped
them in our arms.\x94

\x93But we may throw them from us, though,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93and that is
what I shall think of doing one of these days--that is, when old Lady
Girnington dies.\x94

\x93Did you ever hear the expression of the English divine?\x94 said
Ravenswood--\x93\x91Hell is paved with good intentions,\x92--as much as to say,
they are more often formed than executed.\x94

\x93Well,\x94 replied Bucklaw, \x93but I will begin this blessed night, and have
determined not to drink above one quart of wine, unless your claret be
of extraordinary quality.\x94

\x93You will find little to tempt you at Wolf\x92s Crag,\x94 said the Master. \x93I
know not that I can promise you more than the shelter of my roof; all,
and more than all, our stock of wine and provisions was exhausted at the
late occasion.\x94

\x93Long may it be ere provision is needed for the like purpose,\x94 answered
Bucklaw; \x93but you should not drink up the last flask at a dirge; there
is ill luck in that.\x94

\x93There is ill luck, I think, in whatever belongs to me,\x94 said
Ravenswood. \x93But yonder is Wolf\x92s Crag, and whatever it still contains
is at your service.\x94

The roar of the sea had long announced their approach to the cliffs, on
the summit of which, like the nest of some sea-eagle, the founder of the
fortalice had perched his eyrie. The pale moon, which had hitherto been
contending with flitting clouds, now shone out, and gave them a view
of the solitary and naked tower, situated on a projecting cliff that
beetled on the German Ocean. On three sides the rock was precipitous;
on the fourth, which was that towards the land, it had been originally
fenced by an artificial ditch and drawbridge, but the latter was broken
down and ruinous, and the former had been in part filled up, so as to
allow passage for a horseman into the narrow courtyard, encircled on two
sides with low offices and stables, partly ruinous, and closed on the
landward front by a low embattled wall, while the remaining side of the
quadrangle was occupied by the tower itself, which, tall and narrow, and
built of a greyish stone, stood glimmering in the moonlight, like
the sheeted spectre of some huge giant. A wilder or more disconsolate
dwelling it was perhaps difficult to conceive. The sombrous and heavy
sound of the billows, successively dashing against the rocky beach at a
profound distance beneath, was to the ear what the landscape was to the
eye--a symbol of unvaried and monotonous melancholy, not unmingled with

Although the night was not far advanced, there was no sign of living
inhabitant about this forlorn abode, excepting that one, and only
one, of the narrow and stanchelled windows which appeared at irregular
heights and distances in the walls of the building showed a small
glimmer of light.

\x93There,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93sits the only male domestic that remains to
the house of Ravenswood; and it is well that he does remain there, since
otherwise we had little hope to find either light or fire. But follow me
cautiously; the road is narrow, and admits only one horse in front.\x94

In effect, the path led along a kind of isthmus, at the peninsular
extremity of which the tower was situated, with that exclusive attention
to strength and security, in preference to every circumstances of
convenience, which dictated to the Scottish barons the choice of their
situations, as well as their style of building.

By adopting the cautious mode of approach recommended by the proprietor
of this wild hold, they entered the courtyard in safety. But it was long
ere the efforts of Ravenswood, though loudly exerted by knocking at the
low-browed entrance, and repeated shouts to Caleb to open the gate and
admit them, received any answer.

\x93The old man must be departed,\x94 he began to say, \x93or fallen into some
fit; for the noise I have made would have waked the seven sleepers.\x94

At length a timid and hesitating voice replied: \x93Master--Master of
Ravenswood, is it you?\x94

\x93Yes, it is I, Caleb; open the door quickly.\x94

\x93But it is you in very blood and body? For I would sooner face fifty
deevils as my master\x92s ghaist, or even his wraith; wherefore, aroint ye,
if ye were ten times my master, unless ye come in bodily shape, lith and
limb.\x94 \x93It is I, you old fool,\x94 answered Ravenswood, \x93in bodily shape
and alive, save that I am half dead with cold.\x94

The light at the upper window disappeared, and glancing from loophole to
loophole in slow succession, gave intimation that the bearer was in
the act of descending, with great deliberation, a winding staircase
occupying one of the turrets which graced the angles of the old tower.
The tardiness of his descent extracted some exclamations of impatience
from Ravenswood, and several oaths from his less patient and more
mecurial companion. Caleb again paused ere he unbolted the door, and
once more asked if they were men of mould that demanded entrance at this
time of night.

\x93Were I near you, you old fool,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93I would give you
sufficient proofs of MY bodily condition.\x94

\x93Open the gate, Caleb,\x94 said his master, in a more soothing tone, partly
from his regard to the ancient and faithful seneschal, partly perhaps
because he thought that angry words would be thrown away, so long as
Caleb had a stout iron-clenched oaken door betwixt his person and the

At length Caleb, with a trembling hand, undid the bars, opened the
heavy door, and stood before them, exhibiting his thin grey hairs, bald
forehead, and sharp high features, illuminated by a quivering lamp which
he held in one hand, while he shaded and protected its flame with the
other. The timorous, courteous glance which he threw around him, the
effect of the partial light upon his white hair and illumined features,
might have made a good painting; but our travellers were too impatient
for security against the rising storm to permit them to indulge
themselves in studying the picturesque. \x93Is it you, my dear master?--is
it you yourself, indeed?\x94 exclaimed the old domestic. \x93I am wae ye suld
hae stude waiting at your ain gate; but wha wad hae thought o\x92 seeing ye
sae sune, and a strange gentleman with a--(Here he exclaimed apart, as
it were, and to some inmate of the tower, in a voice not meant to be
heard by those in the court)--Mysie--Mysie, woman! stir for dear life,
and get the fire mended; take the auld three-legged stool, or ony
thing that\x92s readiest that will make a lowe. I doubt we are but puirly
provided, no expecting ye this some months, when doubtless ye was
hae been received conform till your rank, as gude right is; but

\x93Natheless, Caleb,\x94 said the Master, \x93we must have our horses put up,
and ourselves too, the best way we can. I hope you are not sorry to see
me sooner than you expected?\x94

\x93Sorry, my lord! I am sure ye sall aye be my lord wi\x92 honest folk, as
your noble ancestors hae been these three hundred years, and never asked
a Whig\x92s leave. Sorry to see the Lord of Ravenswood at ane o\x92 his ain
castles! (Then again apart to his unseen associate behind the screen)
Mysie, kill the brood-hen without thinking twice on it; let them care
that come ahint. No to say it\x92s our best dwelling,\x94 he added, turning
to Bucklaw; \x93but just a strength for the Lord of Ravenswood to flee
until--that is, no to FLEE, but to retreat until in troublous times,
like the present, when it was ill convenient for him to live farther in
the country in ony of his better and mair principal manors; but, for its
antiquity, maist folk think that the outside of Wolf\x92s Crag is worthy of
a large perusal.\x94

\x93And you are determined we shall have time to make it,\x94 said Ravenswood,
somewhat amused with the shifts the old man used to detain them without
doors until his confederate Mysie had made her preparations within.

\x93Oh, never mind the outside of the house, my good friend,\x94 said Bucklaw;
\x93let\x92s see the inside, and let our horses see the stable, that\x92s all.\x94
 \x93Oh yes, sir--ay, sir--unquestionably, sir--my lord and ony of his
honourable companions----\x94

\x93But our horses, my friend--our horses; they will be dead-founded by
standing here in the cold after riding hard, and mine is too good to be
spoiled; therefore, once more, our horses!\x94 exclaimed Bucklaw.

\x93True--ay--your horses--yes--I will call the grooms\x94; and sturdily did
Caleb roar till the old tower rang again: \x93John--William--Saunders!
The lads are gane out, or sleeping,\x94 he observed, after pausing for an
answer, which he knew that he had no human chance of receiving. \x93A\x92
gaes wrang when the Master\x92s out-bye; but I\x92ll take care o\x92 your cattle

\x93I think you had better,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93otherwise I see little
chance of their being attended to at all.\x94

\x93Whisht, my lord--whisht, for God\x92s sake,\x94 said Caleb, in an imploring
tone, and apart to his master; \x93if ye dinna regard your ain credit,
think on mine; we\x92ll hae hard eneugh wark to make a decent night o\x92t,
wi\x92 a\x92 the lees I can tell.\x94

\x93Well, well, never mind,\x94 said his master; \x93go to the stable. There is
hay and corn, I trust?\x94

\x93Ou ay, plenty of hay and corn\x94; this was uttered boldly and aloud, and,
in a lower tone, \x93there was some half fous o\x92 aits, and some taits o\x92
meadow-hay, left after the burial.\x94

\x93Very well,\x94 said Ravenswood, taking the lamp from his domestic\x92s
unwilling hand, \x93I will show the stranger upstairs myself.\x94

\x93I canna think o\x92 that, my lord; if ye wad but have five minutes, or ten
minutes, or, at maist, a quarter of an hour\x92s patience, and look at the
fine moonlight prospect of the Bass and North Berwick Law till I sort
the horses, I would marshal ye up, as reason is ye suld be marshalled,
your lordship and your honourable visitor. And I hae lockit up the
siller candlesticks, and the lamp is not fit----\x94

\x93It will do very well in the mean time,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93and you will
have no difficulty for want of light in the stable, for, if I recollect,
half the roof is off.\x94

\x93Very true, my lord,\x94 replied the trusty adherent, and with ready wit
instantly added, \x93and the lazy sclater loons have never come to put it
on a\x92 this while, your lordship.\x94

\x93If I were disposed to jest at the calamities of my house,\x94 said
Ravenswood, as he led the way upstairs, \x93poor old Caleb would furnish me
with ample means. His passion consists in representing things about our
miserable menage, not as they are, but as, in his opinion, they ought
to be; and, to say the truth, I have been often diverted with the poor
wretch\x92s expedients to supply what he though was essential for the credit
of the family, and his still more generous apologies for the want of
those articles for which his ingenuity could discover no substitute.
But though the tower is none of the largest, I shall have some trouble
without him to find the apartment in which there is a fire.\x94

As he spoke thus, he opened the door of the hall. \x93Here, at least,\x94 he
said, \x93there is neither hearth nor harbour.\x94

It was indeed a scene of desolation. A large vaulted room, the beams of
which, combined like those of Westminster Hall, were rudely carved at
the extremities, remained nearly in the situation in which it had been
left after the entertainment at Allan Lord Ravenswood\x92s funeral.
Overturned pitchers, and black-jacks, and pewter stoups, and flagons
still cumbered the large oaken table; glasses, those more perishable
implements of conviviality, many of which had been voluntarily
sacrificed by the guests in their enthusiastic pledges to favourite
toasts, strewed the stone floor with their fragments. As for the
articles of plate, lent for the purpose by friends and kinsfolk, those
had been carefully withdrawn so soon as the ostentatious display of
festivity, equally unnecessary and strangely timed, had been made and
ended. Nothing, in short, remained that indicated wealth; all the signs
were those of recent wastefulness and present desolation. The black
cloth hangings, which, on the late mournful occasion, replaced the
tattered moth-eaten tapestries, had been partly pulled down, and,
dangling from the wall in irregular festoons, disclosed the rough
stonework of the building, unsmoothed either by plaster or the chisel.
The seats thrown down, or left in disorder, intimated the careless
confusion which had concluded the mournful revel. \x93This room,\x94 said
Ravenswood, holding up the lamp--\x93this room, Mr. Hayston, was riotous
when it should have been sad; it is a just retribution that it should
now be sad when it ought to be cheerful.\x94

They left this disconsolate apartment, and went upstairs, where, after
opening one or two doors in vain, Ravenswood led the way into a little
matted ante-room, in which, to their great joy, they found a tolerably
good fire, which Mysie, by some such expedient as Caleb had suggested,
had supplied with a reasonable quantity of fuel. Glad at the heart to see
more of comfort than the castle had yet seemed to offer, Bucklaw rubbed
his hands heartily over the fire, and now listened with more complacency
to the apologies which the Master of Ravenswood offered. \x93Comfort,\x94 he
said, \x93I cannot provide for you, for I have it not for myself; it
is long since these walls have known it, if, indeed, they were ever
acquainted with it. Shelter and safety, I think, I can promise you.\x94

\x93Excellent matters, Master,\x94 replied Bucklaw, \x93and, with a mouthful of
food and wine, positively all I can require to-night.\x94

\x93I fear,\x94 said the Master, \x93your supper will be a poor one; I hear
the matter in discussion betwixt Caleb and Mysie. Poor Balderstone is
something deaf, amongst his other accomplishments, so that much of what
he means should be spoken aside is overheard by the whole audience, and
especially by those from whom he is most anxious to conceal his private
manoeuvres. Hark!\x94

They listened, and heard the old domestic\x92s voice in conversation with
Mysie to the following effect:

\x93Just mak the best o\x92t--make the besto\x92t, woman; it\x92s easy to put a fair
face on ony thing.\x94

\x93But the auld brood-hen? She\x92ll be as teugh as bow-strings and

\x93Say ye made a mistake--say ye made a mistake, Mysie,\x94 replied the
faithful seneschal, in a soothing and undertoned voice; \x93tak it a\x92 on
yoursell; never let the credit o\x92 the house suffer.\x94

\x93But the brood-hen,\x94 remonstrated Mysie--\x93ou, she\x92s sitting some gate
aneath the dais in the hall, and I am feared to gae in in the dark for
the dogle; and if I didna see the bogle, I could as ill see the hen, for
it\x92s pit-mirk, and there\x92s no another light in the house, save that very
blessed lamp whilk the Master has in his ain hand. And if I had the hen,
she\x92s to pu\x92, and to draw, and to dress; how can I do that, and them
sitting by the only fire we have?\x94

\x93Weel, weel, Mysie,\x94 said the butler, \x93bide ye there a wee, and I\x92ll try
to get the lamp wiled away frae them.\x94

Accordingly, Caleb Balderstone entered the apartment, little aware that
so much of his by-play had been audible there. \x93Well, Caleb, my old
friend, is there any chance of supper?\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood.

\x93CHANCE of supper, your lordship?\x94 said Caleb, with an emphasis of
strong scorn at the implied doubt. \x93How should there be ony question
of that, and us in your lordship\x92s house? Chance of supper, indeed! But
ye\x92ll no be for butcher-meat? There\x92s walth o\x92 fat poultry, ready either
for spit or brander. The fat capon, Mysie!\x94 he added, calling out as
boldly as if such a thing had been in existence.

\x93Quite unnecessary,\x94 said Bucklaw, who deemed himself bound in courtesy
to relieve some part of the anxious butler\x92s perplexity, \x93if you have
anything cold, or a morsel of bread.\x94

\x93The best of bannocks!\x94 exclaimed Caleb, much relieve; \x93and, for cauld
meat, a\x92 that we hae is cauld eneugh,--how-beit, maist of the cauld meat
and pastry was gien to the poor folk after the ceremony of interment, as
gude reason was; nevertheless----\x94

\x93Come, Caleb,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, \x93I must cut this matter
short. This is the young Laird of Bucklaw; he is under hiding, and
therefore, you know----\x94

\x93He\x92ll be nae nicer than your lordship\x92s honour, I\x92se warrant,\x94 answered
Caleb, cheerfully, with a nod of intelligence; \x93I am sorry that the
gentleman is under distress, but I am blythe that he canna say muckle
agane our housekeeping, for I believe his ain pinches may matach ours;
no that we are pinched, thank God,\x94 he added, retracting the admission
which he had made in his first burst of joy, \x93but nae doubt we are waur
aff than we hae been, or suld be. And for eating--what signifies telling
a lee? there\x92s just the hinder end of the mutton-ham that has been but
three times on the table, and the nearer the bane the sweeter, as your
honours weel ken; and--there\x92s the heel of the ewe-milk kebbuck, wi\x92 a
bit of nice butter, and--and--that\x92s a\x92 that\x92s to trust to.\x94 And with
great alacrity he produced his slender stock of provisions, and placed
them with much formality upon a small round table betwixt the two
gentlemen, who were not deterred either by the homely quality or limited
quantity of the repast from doing it full justice. Caleb in the mean
while waited on them with grave officiousness, as if anxious to make up,
by his own respectful assiduity, for the want of all other attendance.

But, alas! how little on such occasions can form, however anxiously and
scrupulously observed, supply the lack of substantial fare! Bucklaw,
who had eagerly eaten a considerable portion of the thrice-sacked
mutton-ham, now began to demand ale.

\x93I wadna just presume to recommend our ale,\x94 said Caleb; \x93the maut was
ill made, and there was awfu\x92 thunner last week; but siccan water as the
Tower well has ye\x92ll seldome see, Bucklaw, and that I\x92se engage for.\x94

\x93But if your ale is bad, you can let us have some wine,\x94 said Bucklaw,
making a grimace at the mention of the pure element which Caleb so
earnestly recommended.

\x93Wine!\x94 answered Caleb, undauntedly, \x93eneugh of wine! It was but twa
days syne--wae\x92s me for the cause--there was as much wine drunk in this
house as would have floated a pinnace. There never was lack of wine at
Wolf\x92s Crag.\x94

\x93Do fetch us some then,\x94 said the master, \x93instead of talking about it.\x94
 And Caleb boldly departed.

Every expended butt in the old cellar did he set a-tilt, and shake with
the desperate expectation of collecting enough of the grounds of claret
to fill the large pewter measure which he carred in his hand. Alas!
each had been too devoutly drained; and, with all the squeezing and
manoeuvring which his craft as a butler suggested, he could only collect
about half a quart that seemed presentable. Still, however, Caleb was
too good a general to renounce the field without a strategem to cover
his retreat. He undauntedly threw down an empty flagon, as if he had
stumbled at the entrance of the apartment, called upon Mysie to wipe up
the wine that had never been spilt, and placing the other vessel on the
table, hoped there was still enough left for their honours. There
was indeed; for even Bucklaw, a sworn friend to the grape, found no
encouragement to renew his first attack upon the vintage of Wolf\x92s
Crag, but contented himself, however reluctantly, with a draught of
fair water. Arrangements were now made for his repose; and as the
secret chamber was assigned for this purpose, it furnished Caleb with a
first-rate and most plausible apology for all deficiencies of furniture,
bedding, etc.

\x93For wha,\x94 said he, \x93would have thought of the secret chaumer being
needed? It has not been used since the time of the Gowrie Conspiracy,
and I durst never let a woman ken of the entrance to it, or your honour
will allow that it wad not hae been a secret chaumer lang.\x94


     The hearth in hall was black and dead,
     No board was dight in bower within,
     Nor merry bowl nor welcome bed;
     \x93Here\x92s sorry cheer,\x94 quoth the Heir of Linne.

     Old Ballad

THE feelings of the prodigal Heir of Linne, as expressed in that
excellent old song, when, after dissipating his whole fortune, he found
himself the deserted inhabitant of \x93the lonely lodge,\x94 might perhaps
have some resemblance to those of the Master of Ravenswood in his
deserted mansion of Wolf\x92s Crag. The Master, however, had this advantage
over the spendthrift in the legend, that, if he was in similar distress,
he could not impute it to his own imprudence. His misery had been
bequeathed to him by his father, and, joined to his high blood, and to
a title which the courteous might give or the churlish withhold at their
pleasure, it was the whole inheritance he had derived from his ancestry.
Perhaps this melancholy yet consolatory reflection crossed the mind of
the unfortunate young nobleman with a breathing of comfort. Favourable
to calm reflection, as well as to the Muses, the morning, while it
dispelled the shades of night, had a composing and sedative effect upon
the stormy passions by which the Master of Ravenswood had been agitated
on the preceding day. He now felt himself able to analyse the different
feelings by which he was agitated, and much resolved to combat and
to subdue them. The morning, which had arisen calm and bright, gave a
pleasant effect even to the waste moorland view which was seen from the
castle on looking to the landward; and the glorious ocean, crisped with
a thousand rippling waves of silver, extended on the other side, in
awful yet complacent majesty, to the verge of the horizon. With such
scenes of calm sublimity the human heart sympathises even in its most
disturbed moods, and deeds of honour and virtue are inspired by their
majestic influence. To seek out Bucklaw in the retreat which he had
afforded him, was the first occupation of the Master, after he had
performed, with a scrutiny unusually severe, the important task of
self-examination. \x93How now, Bucklaw?\x94 was his morning\x92s salutation--\x93how
like you the couch in which the exiled Earl of Angus once slept
in security, when he was pursued by the full energy of a king\x92s

\x93Umph!\x94 returned the sleeper awakened; \x93I have little to complain of
where so great a man was quartered before me, only the mattress was of
the hardest, the vault somewhat damp, the rats rather more mutinous than
I would have expected from the state of Caleb\x92s larder; and if there had
been shutters to that grated window, or a curtain to the bed, I should
think it, upon the whole, an improvement in your accommodations.\x94

\x93It is, to be sure, forlorn enough,\x94 said the Master, looking around the
small vault; \x93but if you will rise and leave it, Caleb will endeavour to
find you a better breakfast than your supper of last night.\x94

\x93Pray, let it be no better,\x94 said Bucklaw, getting up, and endeavouring
to dress himself as well as the obscurity of the place would
permit--\x93let it, I say, be no better, if you mean me to preserve in my
proposed reformation. The very recollection of Caleb\x92s beverage has done
more to suppress my longing to open the day with a morning draught than
twenty sermons would have done. And you, master, have you been able to
give battle valiantly to your bosom-snake? You see I am in the way of
smothering my vipers one by one.\x94

\x93I have commenced the battle, at least, Bucklaw, adn I have had a fair
vision of an angel who descended to my assistance,\x94 replied the Master.

\x93Woe\x92s me!\x94 said his guest, \x93no vision can I expect, unless my aunt,
Lady Grinington, should betake herself to the tomb; and then it would be
the substance of her heritage rather than the appearance of her phantom
that I should consider as the support of my good resolutions. But this
same breakfast, Master--does the deer that is to make the pasty run yet
on foot, as the ballad has it?\x94

\x93I will inquire into that matter,\x94 said his entertainer; and, leaving
the apartment, he went in search of Caleb, whom, after some difficulty,
he found in an obscure sort of dungeon, which had been in former times
the buttery of the castle. Here the old man was employed busily in the
doubtful task of burnishing a pewter flagon until it should take the
hue and semblance of silver-plate. \x93I think it may do--I think it might
pass, if they winna bring it ower muckle in the light o\x92 the window!\x94
 were the ejaculations which he muttered from time to time, as if to
encourage himself in his undertaking, when he was interrupted by the
voice of his master.

\x93Take this,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, \x93and get what is necessary
for the family.\x94 And with these words he gave to the old butler the
purse which had on the preceding evening so narrowly escaped the fangs
of Craigengelt.

The old man shook his silvery and thin locks, and looked with an
expression of the most heartfelt anguish at his master as he weighed in
his hand the slender treasure, and said in a sorrowful voice, \x93And is
this a\x92 that\x92s left?\x94

\x93All that is left at present,\x94 said the Master, affecting more
cheerfulness than perhaps he really felt, \x93is just the green purse and
the wee pickle gowd, as the old song says; but we shall do better one
day, Caleb.\x94

\x93Before that day domes,\x94 said Caleb, \x93I doubt there will be an end of
an auld sang, and an auld serving-man to boot. But it disna become me to
speak that gate to your honour, adn you looking sae pale. Tak back
the purse, and keep it to be making a show before company; for if your
honour would just take a bidding, adn be whiles taking it out afore folk
and putting it up again, there\x92s naebody would refuse us trust, for a\x92
that\x92s come and gane yet.\x94

\x93But, Caleb,\x94 said the Master, \x93I still intend to leave this country
very soon, and desire to do so with the reputation of an honest man,
leaving no debty behind me, at last of my own contracting.\x94

\x93And gude right ye suld gang away as a true man, and so ye shall; for
auld Caleb can tak the wyte of whatever is taen on for the house, and
then it will be a\x92 just ae man\x92s burden; and I will live just as weel in
the tolbooth as out of it, and the credit of the family will be a\x92 safe
and sound.\x94

The Master endeavoured, in vain, to make Caleb comprehend that the
butler\x92s incurring the responsibility of debts in his own person would
rather add to than remove the objections which he had to their being
contracted. He spoke to a premier too busy in devising ways and means to
puzzle himself with refuting the arguments offered against their justice
or expediency.

\x93There\x92s Eppie Sma\x92trash will trust us for ale,\x94 said Caleb to
himself--\x93she has lived a\x92 her life under the family--and maybe wi\x92 a
soup brandy; I canna say for wine--she is but a lone woman, and gets
her claret by a runlet at a time; but I\x92ll work a wee drap out o\x92 her by
fair means or foul. For doos, there\x92s the doocot; there will be poultry
amang the tenants, though Luckie Chirnside says she has paid the kain
twice ower. We\x92ll mak shift, an it like your honour--we\x92ll mak shift;
keep your heart abune, for the house sall haud its credit as lang as
auld Caleb is to the fore.\x94

The entertainment which the old man\x92s exertions of various kinds
enabled him to present to the young gentlemen for three or four days was
certainly of no splendid description, but it may readily be believed
it was set before no critical guests; and even the distresses, excuses,
evasions, and shifts of Caleb afforded amusement to the young men, and
added a sort of interest to the scrambling and irregular style of their
table. They had indeed occasion to seize on every circumstance that
might serve to diversify or enliven time, which otherwise passed away so

Bucklaw, shut out from his usual field-sports and joyous carouses by the
necessity of remaining concealed within the walls of the castle, became
a joyless and uninteresting companion. When the Master of Ravenswood
would no longer fence or play at shovel-board; when he himself had
polished to the extremity the coat of his palfrey with brush, curry
comb, and hair-cloth; when he had seen him eat his provender, and
gently lie down in his stall, he could hardly help envying the animal\x92s
apparent acquiescence in a life so monotonous. \x93The stupid brute,\x94 he
said, \x93thinks neither of the race-ground or the hunting-field, or
his green paddock at Bucklaw, but enjoys himself as comfortably when
haltered to the rack in this ruinous vault, as if he had been foaled
in it; and, I who have the freedom of a prisoner at large, to range
through the dungeons of this wretched old tower, can hardly,
betwixt whistling and sleeping, contrive to pass away the hour till

And with this disconsolate reflection, he wended his way to the bartizan
or battlements of the tower, to watch what objects might appear on the
distant moor, or to pelt, with pebbles and pieces of lime, the sea-mews
and cormorants which established themselves incautiously within the
reach of an idle young man.

Ravenswood, with a mind incalculably deeper and more powerful than that
of his companion, had his own anxious subjects of reflection, which
wrought for him the same unhappiness that sheer enui and want of
occupation inflicted on his companion. The first sight of Lucy Ashton
had been less impressive than her image proved to be upon reflection. As
the depth and violence of that revengeful passion by which he had been
actuated in seeking an interview with the father began to abate by
degrees, he looked back on his conduct towards the daughter as harsh
and unworthy towards a female of rank and beauty. Her looks of grateful
acknowledgment, her words of affectionate courtesy, had been repelled
with something which approached to disdain; and if the Master of
Ravenswood had sustained wrongs at the hand of Sir William Ashton, his
conscience told him they had been unhandsomely resented towards his
daughter. When his thoughts took this turn of self-reproach, the
recollection of Lucy Ashton\x92s beautiful features, rendered yet more
interesting by the circumstances in which their meeting had taken place,
made an impression upon his mind at once soothing and painful. The
sweetness of her voice, the delicacy of her expressions, the vivid glow
of her filial affection, embittered his regret at having repulsed her
gratitude with rudeness, while, at the same time, they placed before his
imagination a picture of the most seducing sweetness.

Even young Ravenswood\x92s strength of moral feeling and rectitude of
purpose at once increased the danger of cherishing these recollections,
and the propensity to entertain them. Firmly resolved as he was to
subdue, if possible, the predominating vice in his character, he
admitted with willingness--nay, he summoned up in his imagination--the
ideas by which it could be most powerfully counteracted; and, while he
did so, a sense of his own harsh conduct towards the daughter of his
enemy naturally induced him, as if by way of recompense, to invest her
with more of grace and beauty than perhaps she could actually claim.

Had any one at this period told the Master of Ravenswood that he had
so lately vowed vengeance against the whole lineage of him whom he
considered, not unjustly, as author of his father\x92s ruin and death, he
might at first have repelled the charge as a foul calumny; yet, upon
serious self-examination, he would have been compelled to admit that it
had, at one period, some foundation in truth, though, according to the
present tone of his sentiments, it was difficult to believe that this
had really been the case.

There already existed in his bosom two contradictory passions--a desire
to revenge the death of his father, strangely qualified by admiration of
his enemy\x92s daughter. Against the former feeling he had struggled, until
it seemed to him upon the wane; against the latter he used no means of
resistance, for he did not suspect its existence. That this was actually
the case was chiefly evinced by his resuming his resolution to leave
Scotland. Yet, though such was his purpose, he remained day after day at
Wolf\x92s Crag, without taking measures for carrying it into execution.
It is true, that he had written to one or two kinsmen who resided in a
distant quarter of Scotland, and particularly to the Marquis of A----,
intimating his purpose; and when pressed upon the subject by Bucklaw, he
was wont to allege the necessity of waiting for their reply, especially
that of the Marquis, before taking so decisive a measure.

The Marquis was rich and powerful; and although he was suspected to
entertain sentiments unfavourable to the government established at the
Revolution, he had nevertheless address enough to head a party in
the Scottish privy council, connected with the High Church faction in
England, and powerful enough to menace those to whom the Lord Keeper
adhered with a probable subversion of their power. The consulting with
a personage of such importance was a plausible excise, which Ravenswood
used to Bucklaw, and probably to himself, for continuing his residence
at Wolf\x92s Crag; and it was rendered yet more so by a general report
which began to be current of a probable change of ministers and measures
in the Scottish administration. The rumours, strongly asserted by
some, and as resolutely denied by others, as their wishes or interest
dictated, found their way even to the ruinous Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag,
chiefly through the medium of Caleb, the butler, who, among his other
excellences, was an ardent politician, and seldom made an excursion
from the old fortress to the neighbouring village of Wolf\x92s Hope without
bringing back what tidings were current in the vicinity.

But if Bucklaw could not offer any satisfactory objections to the delay
of the Master in leaving Scotland, he did not the less suffer with
impatience the state of inaction to which it confined him; and it was
only the ascendency which his new companion had acquired over him that
induced him to submit to a course of life so alien to his habits and

\x93You were wont to be thought a stirring active young fellow, Master,\x94
 was his frequent remonstrance; \x93yet here you seem determined to live
on and on like a rat in a hole, with this trifling difference, that the
wiser vermin chooses a hermitage where he can find food at least; but as
for us, Caleb\x92s excuses become longer as his diet turns more spare, and
I fear we shall realise the stories they tell of the slother: we have
almost eat up the last green leaf on the plant, and have nothing left
for it but to drop from the tree and break our necks.\x94

\x93Do not fear it,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93there is a fate watches for us, and
we too have a stake in the revolution that is now impending, and which
already has alarmed many a bosom.\x94

\x93What fate--what revolution?\x94 inquired his companion. \x93We have had one
revolution too much already, I think.\x94

Ravenswood interrupted him by putting into his hands a letter.

\x93Oh,\x94 answered Bucklaw, \x93my dream\x92s out. I thought I heard Caleb this
morning pressing some unfortunate fellow to a drink of cold water, and
assuring him it was better for his stomach in the morning than ale or

\x93It was my Lord of A----\x91s courier,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93who was doomed to
experience his ostentatious hospitality, which I believe ended in sour
beer and herrings. Read, and you will see the news he has brought us.\x94
 \x93I will as fast as I can,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93but I am no great clerk, nor
does his lordship seem to be the first of scribes.\x94

The reader will peruse in, a few seconds, by the aid our friend
Ballantyne\x92s types, what took Bucklaw a good half hour in perusal,
though assisted by the Master of Ravenswood. The tenor was as follows:


\x93Our hearty commendations premised, these come to assure you of the
interest which we take in your welfare, and in your purpose towards its
augmentation. If we have been less active in showing forth our effective
good-will towards you than, as a loving kinsman and blood-relative, we
would willingly have desired, we request that you will impute it to lack
of opportunity to show our good-liking, not to any coldness of our will
Touching your resolution to travel in foreign parts, as at this time we
hold the same little advisable, in respect that your ill-willers may,
according to the custom of such persons, impute motives for your
journey, whereof, although we know and believe you to be as clear as
ourselves, yet natheless their words may find credence in places where
the belief in them may much prejudice you, and which we should see with
more unwillingness and displeasure than with means of remedy.

\x93Having thus, as becometh our kindred, given you our poor mind on the
subject of your journeying forth of Scotland, we would willingly
add reasons of weight, which might materially advantage you and your
father\x92s house, thereby to determine you to abide at Wolf\x92s Crag, until
this harvest season shall be passed over. But what sayeth the proverb,
verbum sapienti--a word is more to him that hath wisdom than a sermon to
a fool. And albeit we have written this poor scroll with our own hand,
and are well assured of the fidelity of our messenger, as him that is
many ways bounden to us, yet so it is, that sliddery ways crave wary
walking, and that we may not peril upon paper matters which we would
gladly impart to you by word of mouth. Wherefore, it was our purpose to
have prayed you heartily to come to this our barren Highland country to
kill a stag, and to treat of the matters which we are now more painfully
inditing to you anent. But commodity does not serve at present for such
our meeting, which, therefore, shall be deferred until sic time as we
may in all mirth rehearse those things whereof we now keep silence.
Meantime, we pray you to think that we are, and will still be, your good
kinsman and well-wisher, waiting but for times of whilk we do, as it
were, entertain a twilight prospect, and appear and hope to be also your
effectual well-doer. And in which hope we heartily write ourself,

\x93Right Honourable,

\x93Your loving cousin,

\x93Given from our poor house of B----,\x94 etc.

Superscribed--\x93For the right honourable, and our honoured kinsman, the
Master of Ravenswood--These, with haste, haste, post haste--ride and run
until these be delivered.\x94

\x93What think you of this epistle, Bucklaw?\x94 said the Master, when his
companion had hammered out all the sense, and almost all the words of
which it consisted.

\x93Truly, that the Marquis\x92s meaning is as great a riddle as his
manuscript. He is really in much need of _Wit\x92s Interpreter_, or the
_Complete Letter-Writer_, and were I you, I would send him a copy by the
bearer. He writes you very kindly to remain wasting your time and
your money in this vile, stupid, oppressed country, without so much as
offering you the countenance and shelter of his house. In my opinion, he
has some scheme in view in which he supposes you can be useful, and he
wishes to keep you at hand, to make use of you when it ripens,
reserving the power of turning you adrift, should his plot fail in the

\x93His plot! Then you suppose it is a treasonable business,\x94 answered

\x93What else can it be?\x94 replied Bucklaw; \x93the Marquis has been long
suspected to have an eye to Saint Germains.\x94

\x93He should not engage me rashly in such an adventure,\x94 said Ravenswood;
\x93when I recollect the times of the first and second Charles, and of the
last James, truly I see little reason that, as a man or a patriot, I
should draw my sword for their descendants.\x94

\x93Humph!\x94 replied Bucklaw; \x93so you have set yourself down to mourn over
the crop-eared dogs whom honest Claver\x92se treated as they deserved?\x94

\x93They first gave the dogs an ill name, and then hanged them,\x94 replied
Ravenswood. \x93I hope to see the day when justice shall be open to Whig
and Tory, and when these nicknames shall only be used among coffee-house
politicians, as \x91slut\x92 and \x91jade\x92 are among apple-women, as cant terms
of idle spite and rancour.\x94

\x93That will nto be in our days, Master: the iron has entered too deeply
into our sides and our souls.\x94

\x93It will be, however, one day,\x94 replied the Master; \x93men will not always
start at these nicknames as at a trumpet-sound. As social life is better
protected, its comforts will become too dear to be hazarded without some
better reasons than speculative politics.\x94

\x93It is fine talking,\x94 answered Bucklaw; \x93but my heart is with the old

     To see good corn upon the rigs,
     And a gallow built to hang the Whigs,
     And the right restored where the right should be.
     Oh, that is the thing that would wanton me.\x94

\x93You may sing as loudly as you will, cantabit vacuus----,\x94 answered the
Master; \x93but I believe the Marquis is too wise, at least too wary, to
join you in such a burden. I suspect he alludes to a revolution in the
Scottish privy council, rather than in the British kingdoms.\x94

\x93Oh, confusion to your state tricks!\x94 exclaimed Bucklaw--\x93your cold
calculating manoeuvres, which old gentlemen in wrought nightcaps
and furred gowns execute like so many games at chess, and displace a
treasurer or lord commissioner as they would take a rook or a pawn.
Tennis for my sport, and battle for my earnest! And you, Master, so dep
and considerate as you would seem, you have that within you makes
the blood boil faster than suits your present humour of moralising on
political truths. You are one of those wise men who see everything with
great composure till their blood is up, and then--woe to any one who
should put them in mind of their own prudential maxims!\x94 \x93Perhaps,\x94 said
Ravenswood, \x93you read me more rightly than I can myself. But to think
justly will certainly go some length in helping me to act so. But hark!
I hear Caleb tolling the dinner-bell.\x94

\x93Which he always does with the more sonorous grace in proportion to the
meagreness of the cheer which he has provided,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93as if
that infernal clang and jangle, which will one day bring the belfry
down the cliff, could convert a starved hen into a fat capon, and a
blade-bone of mutton into a haunch of venison.\x94

\x93I wish we may be so well off as your worst conjectures surmise,
Bucklaw, from the extreme solemnity and ceremony with which Caleb seems
to place on the table that solitary covered dish.\x94

\x93Uncover, Caleb! uncover, for Heaven\x92s sake!\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93let us have
what you can give us without preface. Why, it stands well enough, man,\x94
 he continued, addressing impatiently the ancient butler, who, without
reply, kept shifting the dish, until he had at length placed it with
mathematical precision in the very midst of the table.

\x93What have we got here, Caleb?\x94 inquired the Master in his turn.

\x93Ahem! sir, ye suld have known before; but his honour the Laird of
Bucklaw is so impatient,\x94 answered Caleb, still holding the dish with
one hand and the cover with the other, with evident reluctance to
disclose the contents.

\x93But what is it, a God\x92s name--not a pair of clean spurs, I hope, in the
Border fashion of old times?\x94

\x93Ahem! ahem!\x94 reiterated Caleb, \x93your honour is pleased to be facetious;
natheless, I might presume to say it was a convenient fashion, and used,
as I have heard, in an honourable and thriving family. But touching your
present dinner, I judged that this being St. Magdalen\x92s [Margaret\x92s]
Eve, who was a worthy queen of Scotland in her day, your honours might
judge it decorous, if not altogether to fast, yet only to sustain nature
with some slight refection, as ane saulted herring or the like.\x94 And,
uncovering the dish, he displayed four of the savoury fishes which he
mentioned, adding, in a subdued tone, \x93that they were no just common
herring neither, being every ane melters, and sauted with uncommon care
by the housekeeper (poor Mysie) for his honour\x92s especial use.\x94

\x93Out upon all apologies!\x94 said the Master, \x93let us eat the herrings,
since there is nothing better to be had; but I begin to think with you,
Bucklaw, that we are consuming the last green leaf, and that, in spite
of the Marquis\x92s political machinations, we must positively shift camp
for want of forage, without waiting the issue of them.\x94


     Ay, and when huntsmen wind the merry horn,
     And from its covert starts the fearful prey,
     Who, warm\x92d with youth\x92s blood in his swelling veins,
     Would, like a lifeless clod, outstretched lie,
     Shut out from all the fair creation offers?

     Ethwald, Act I. Scene 1.

LIGHT meals procure light slumbers; and therefore it is not surprising
that, considering the fare which Caleb\x92s conscience, or his necessity,
assuming, as will sometimes happen, that disguise, had assigned to the
guests of Wolf\x92s Crag, their slumbers should have been short.

In the morning Bucklaw rushed into his host\x92s apartment with a loud
halloo, which might have awaked the dead.

\x93Up! up! in the name of Heaven! The hunters are out, the only piece of
sport I have seen this month; and you lie here, Master, on a bed that
has little to recommend it, except that it may be something softer than
the stone floor of your ancestor\x92s vault.\x94

\x93I wish,\x94 said Ravenswood, raising his head peevishly, \x93you had forborne
so early a jest, Mr. Hayston; it is really no pleasure to lose the very
short repose which I had just begun to enjoy, after a night spent in
thoughts upon fortune far harder than my couch, Bucklaw.\x94

\x93Pschaw, pshaw!\x94 replied his guest; \x93get up--get up; the hounds are
abroad. I have saddled the horses myself, for old Caleb was calling for
grooms and lackeys, and would never have proceeded without two hours\x92
apology for the absence of men that were a hundred miles off. Get up,
Master; I say the hounds are out--get up, I say; the hunt is up.\x94 And
off ran Bucklaw.

\x93And I say,\x94 said the Master, rising slowly, \x93that nothing can concern
me less. Whose hounds come so near to us?\x94

\x93The Honourable Lord Brittlebrains\x92s,\x94 answered Caleb, who had followed
the impatient Laird of Bucklaw into his master\x92s bedroom, \x93and truly I
ken nae title they have to be yowling and howling within the freedoms
and immunities of your lordship\x92s right of free forestry.\x94

\x93Nor I, Caleb,\x94 replied Ravenswood, \x93excepting that they have bought
both the lands and the right of forestry, and may think themselves
entitled to exercise the rights they have paid their money for.\x94

\x93It may be sae, my lord,\x94 replied Caleb; \x93but it\x92s no gentleman\x92s deed
of them to come here and exercise such-like right, and your lordship
living at your ain castle of Wolf\x92s Crag. Lord Brittlebrains would weel
to remember what his folk have been.\x94

\x93And what we now are,\x94 said the Master, with suppressed bitterness of
feeling. \x93But reach me my cloak, Caleb, and I will indulge Bucklaw with
a sight of this chase. It is selfish to sacrifice my guest\x92s pleasure to
my own.\x94

\x93Sacrifice!\x94 echoed Caleb, in a tone which seemed to imply the total
absurdity of his master making the least concession in deference to any
one--\x93sacrifice, indeed!--but I crave your honour\x92s pardon, and whilk
doublet is it your pleasure to wear?\x94

\x93Any one you will, Caleb; my wardrobe, I suppose, is not very

\x93Not extensive!\x94 echoed his assistant; \x93when there is the grey and
silver that your lordship bestowed on Hew Hildebrand, your outrider;
and the French velvet that went with my lord your father--be gracious
to him!--my lord your father\x92s auld wardrobe to the puir friends of the
family; and the drap-de-Berry----\x94

\x93Which I gave to you, Caleb, and which, I suppose, is the only dress we
have any chance to come at, except that I wore yesterday; pray, hand me
that, and say no more about it.\x94

\x93If your honour has a fancy,\x94 replied Caleb, \x93and doubtless it\x92s a
sad-coloured suit, and you are in mourning; nevertheless, I have never
tried on the drap-de-Berry--ill wad it become me--and your honour having
no change of claiths at this present--and it\x92s weel brushed, and as
there are leddies down yonder----\x94

\x93Ladies!\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93and what ladies, pray?\x94

\x93What do I ken, your lordship? Looking down at them from the Warden\x92s
Tower, I could but see them glent by wi\x92 their bridles ringing and their
feathers fluttering, like the court of Elfland.\x94

\x93Well, well, Caleb,\x94 replied the Master, \x93help me on with my cloak, and
hand me my sword-belt. What clatter is that in the courtyard?\x94

\x93Just Bucklaw bringing out the horses,\x94 said Caleb, after a glance
through the window, \x93as if there werena men eneugh in the castle, or as
if I couldna serve the turn of ony o\x92 them that are out o\x92 the gate.\x94

\x93Alas! Caleb, we should want little if your ability were equal to your
will,\x94 replied the Master.

\x93And I hope your lordship disna want that muckle,\x94 said Caleb; \x93for,
considering a\x92 things, I trust we support the credit of the family as
weel as things will permit of,--only Bucklaw is aye sae frank and sae
forward. And there he has brought out your lordship\x92s palfrey, without
the saddle being decored wi\x92 the broidered sumpter-cloth! and I could
have brushed it in a minute.\x94

\x93It is all very well,\x94 said his master, escaping from him and descending
the narrow and steep winding staircase which led to the courtyard.

\x93It MAY be a\x92 very weel,\x94 said Caleb, somewhat peevishly; \x93but if your
lordship wad tarry a bit, I will tell you what will NOT be very weel.\x94

\x93And what is that?\x94 said Ravenswood, impatiently, but stopping at the
same time.

\x93Why, just that ye suld speer ony gentleman hame to dinner; for I canna
mak anither fast on a feast day, as when I cam ower Bucklaw wi\x92 Queen
Margaret; and, to speak truth, if your lordship wad but please to cast
yoursell in the way of dining wi\x92 Lord Bittlebrains, I\x92se warrand I wad
cast about brawly for the morn; or if, stead o\x92 that, ye wad but dine
wi\x92 them at the change-house, ye might mak your shift for the awing: ye
might say ye had forgot your purse, or that the carline awed ye rent,
and that ye wad allow it in the settlement.\x94

\x93Or any other lie that cam uppermost, I suppose?\x94 said his master.
\x93Good-bye, Caleb; I commend your care for the honour of the family.\x94
 And, throwing himself on his horse, he followed Bucklaw, who, at the
manifest risk of his neck, had begun to gallop down the steep path which
led from the Tower as soon as he saw Ravenswood have his foot in the

Caleb Balderstone looked anxiously after them, and shook his thin grey
locks: \x93And I trust they will come to no evil; but they have reached
the plain, and folk cannot say but that the horse are hearty and in
spirits.\x94 Animated by the natural impetuosity and fire of his temper,
young Bucklaw rushed on with the careless speed of a whirlwind.
Ravenswood was scarce more moderate in his pace, for his was a mind
unwillingly roused from contemplative inactivity, but which, when once
put into motion, acquired a spirit of forcible and violent progression.
Neither was his eagerness proportioned in all cases to the motive of
impulse, but might be compared to the sped of a stone, which rushes with
like fury down the hill whether it was first put in motion by the arm of
a giant or the hand of a boy. He felt, therefore, in no ordinary degree,
the headlong impulse of the chase, a pastime so natural to youth of
all ranks, that it seems rather to be an inherent passion in our animal
nature, which levels all differences of rank and education, than an
acquired habit of rapid exercise.

The repeated bursts of the French horn, which was then always used for
the encouragement and direction of the hounds; the deep, though distant
baying of the pack; the half-heard cries of the huntsmen; the half-seen
forms which were discovered, now emerging from glens which crossed the
moor, now sweeping over its surface, now picking their way where it
was impeded by morasses; and, above all, the feeling of his own rapid
motion, animated the Master of Ravenswood, at last for the moment, above
the recollections of a more painful nature by which he was surrounded.
The first thing which recalled him to those unpleasing circumstances
was feeling that his horse, notwithstanding all the advantages which he
received from his rider\x92s knowledge of the country, was unable to keep
up with the chase. As he drew his bridle up with the bitter feeling
that his poverty excluded him from the favourite recreation of his
forefathers, and indeed their sole employment when not engaged in
military pursuits, he was accosted by a well-mounted stranger, who,
unobserved, had kept near him during the earlier part of his career.

\x93Your horse is blown,\x94 said the man, with a complaisance seldom used in
a hunting-field. \x93Might I crave your honour to make use of mine?\x94

\x93Sir,\x94 said Ravenswood, more surprised than pleased at such a proposal.
\x93I really do not know how I have merited such a favour at a stranger\x92s

\x93Never ask a question about it, Master,\x94 said Bucklaw, who, with great
unwillingness, had hitherto reined in his own gallant steed, not to
outride his host and entertainer. \x93Take the goods the gods provide you,
as the great John Dryden says; or stay--here, my friend, lend me that
horse; I see you have been puzzled to rein him up this half-hour. I\x92ll
take the devil out of him for you. Now, Master, do you ride mine, which
will carry you like an eagle.\x94

And throwing the rein of his own horse to the Master of Ravenswood, he
sprung upon that which the stranger resigned to him, and continued
his career at full speed. \x93Was ever so thoughtless a being!\x94 said the
Master; \x93and you, my friend, how could you trust him with your horse?\x94

\x93The horse,\x94 said the man, \x93belongs to a person who will make your
honour, or any of your honourable friends, most welcome to him, flesh
and fell.\x94

\x93And the owner\x92s name is----?\x94 asked Ravenswood.

\x93Your honour must excuse me, you will learn that from himself. If you
please to take your friend\x92s horse, and leave me your galloway, I will
meet you after the fall of the stag, for I hear they are blowing him at

\x93I believe, my friend, it will be the best way to recover your good
horse for you,\x94 answered Ravenswood; and mounting the nag of his friend
Bucklaw, he made all the haste in his power to the spot where the blast
of the horn announced that the stag\x92s career was nearly terminated.

These jovial sounds were intermixed with the huntsmen\x92s shouts of \x93Hyke
a Talbot! Hyke a Teviot! now, boys, now!\x94 and similar cheering halloos
of the olden hunting-field, to which the impatient yelling of the
hounds, now close of the object of their pursuit, gave a lively and
unremitting chorus. The straggling riders began now to rally towards the
scene of action, collecting from different points as to a common centre.

Bucklaw kept the start which he had gotten, and arrived first at the
spot, where the stag, incapable of sustaining a more prolonged flight,
had turned upon the hounds, and, in the hunter\x92s phrase, was at bay.
With his stately head bent down, his sides white with foam, his eyes
strained betwixt rage and terror, the hunted animal had now in his turn
become an object of intimidation to his pursuers. The hunters came
up one by one, and watched an opportunity to assail him with some
advantage, which, in such circumstances, can only be done with caution.
The dogs stood aloof and bayed loudly, intimating at once eagerness and
fear, and each of the sportsmen seemed to expect that his comrade would
take upon him the perilous task of assaulting and disabling the animal.
The ground, which was a hollow in the common or moor, afforded little
advantage for approaching the stag unobserved; and general was the shout
of triumph when Bucklaw, with the dexterity proper to an accomplished
cavalier of the day, sprang from his horse, and dashing suddenly and
swiftly at the stag, brought him to the ground by a cut on the hind leg
with his short hunting-sword. The pack, rushing in upon their disabled
enemy, soon ended his painful struggles, and solemnised his fall with
their clamour; the hunters, with their horns and voices, whooping and
blowing a mort, or death-note, which resounded far over the billows of
the adjacent ocean.

The huntsman then withdrew the hounds from the throttled stag, and on
his knee presented his knife to a fair female form, on a white palfrey,
whose terror, or perhaps her compassion, had till then kept her at some
distance. She wore a black silk riding-mask, which was then a common
fashion, as well for preserving the complexion from the sun and rain, as
from an idea of decorum, which did not permit a lady to appear barefaced
while engaged in a boisterous sport, and attended by a promiscuous
company. The richness of her dress, however, as well as the mettle and
form of her palfrey, together with the silvan compliment paid to her by
the huntsman, pointed her out to Bucklaw as the principal person in
the field. It was not without a feeling of pity, approaching even
to contempt, that this enthusiastic hunter observed her refuse the
huntsman\x92s knife, presented to her for the purpose of making the first
incision in the stag\x92s breast, and thereby discovering the venison. He
felt more than half inclined to pay his compliments to her; but it had
been Bucklaw\x92s misfortune, that his habits of life had not rendered
him familiarly acquainted with the higher and better classes of female
society, so that, with all his natural audacity, he felt sheepish and
bashful when it became necessary to address a lady of distinction.

Taking unto himself heart of grace (to use his own phrase), he did at
length summon up resolution enough to give the fair huntress good time
of the day, and trust that her sport had answered her expectation. Her
answer was very courteously and modestly expressed, and testified some
gratitude to the gallant cavalier, whose exploit had terminated the
chase so adroitly, when the hounds and huntsmen seemed somewhat at a

\x93Uds daggers and scabbard, madam,\x94 said Bucklaw, whom this observation
brought at once upon his own ground, \x93there is no difficulty or merit in
that matter at all, so that a fellow is not too much afraid of having a
pair of antlers in his guts. I have hunted at force five hundred times,
madam; and I never yet saw the stag at bay, by land or water, but I
durst have gone roundly in on him. It is all use and wont, madam; and
I\x92ll tell you, madam, for all that, it must be done with good heed and
caution; and you will do well, madam, to have your hunting-sword right
sharp and double-edged, that you may strike either fore-handed or
back-handed, as you see reason, for a hurt with a buck\x92s horn is a
perilous ad somewhat venomous matter.\x94

\x93I am afraid, sir,\x94 said the young lady, and her smile was scarce
concealed by her vizard, \x93I shall have little use for such careful

\x93But the gentleman says very right for all that, my lady,\x94 said an
old huntsman, who had listened to Bucklaw\x92s harangue with no small
edification; \x93and I have heard my father say, who was a forester at the
Cabrach, that a wild boar\x92s gaunch is more easily healed than a hurt
from the deer\x92s horn, for so says the old woodman\x92s rhyme--

     If thou be hurt with horn of hart, it brings thee to they bier;
     But tusk of boar shall leeches heal, thereof have lesser fear.\x94

\x93An I might advise,\x94 continued Bucklaw, who was now in his element, and
desirous of assuming the whole management, \x93as the hounds are surbated
and weary, the head of the stag should be cabaged in order to reward
them; and if I may presume to speak, the huntsman, who is to break up
the stag, ought to drink to your good ladyship\x92s health a good lusty
bicker of ale, or a tass of brandy; for if he breaks him up without
drinking, the venison will not keep well.\x94

This very agreeable prescription received, as will be readily believed,
all acceptation from the huntsman, who, in requital, offered to bucklaw
the compliment of his knife, which the young lady had declined.

This polite proffer was seconded by his mistress. \x93I believe, sir,\x94 she
said, withdrawing herself from the circle, \x93that my father, for whose
amusement Lord Bittlebrain\x92s hounds have been out to-day, will readily
surrender all care of these matters to a gentleman of your experience.\x94

Then, bending gracefully from her horse, she wished him good morning,
and, attended by one or two domestics, who seemed immediately attached
to her service, retired from the scene of action, to which Bucklaw, too
much delighted with an opportunity of displaying his woodcraft to care
about man or woman either, paid little attention; but was soon stript to
his doublet, with tucked-up sleeves, and naked arms up to the elbows
in blood and grease, slashing, cutting, hacking, and hewing, with the
precision of Sir Tristrem himself, and wrangling and disputing with all
around him concerning nombles, briskets, flankards, and raven-bones,
then usual terms of the art of hunting, or of butchery, whichever the
reader chooses to call it, which are now probably antiquated.

When Ravenswood, who followed a short pace behind his friend, saw that
the stag had fallen, his temporary ardour for the chase gave way to that
feeling of reluctance which he endured at encountering in his fallen
fortunes the gaze whether of equals or inferiors. He reined up his horse
on the top of a gentle eminence, from which he observed the busy and gay
scene beneath him, and heard the whoops of the huntsmen, gaily mingled
with the cry of the dogs, and the neighing and trampling of the horses.
But these jovial sounds fell sadly on the ear of the ruined nobleman.
The chase, with all its train of excitations, has ever since feudal
times been accounted the almost exclusive privilege of the aristocracy,
and was anciently their chief employment in times of peace. The sense
that he was excluded by his situation from enjoying the silvan sport,
which his rank assigned to him as a special prerogative, and the feeling
that new men were now exercising it over the downs which had been
jealously reserved by his ancestors for their own amusement, while he,
the heir of the domain, was fain to hold himself at a distance from
their party, awakened reflections calculated to depress deeply a mind
like Ravenswood\x92s, which was naturally contemplative and melancholy. His
pride, however, soon shook off this feeling of dejection, and it gave
way to impatience upon finding that his volatile friend Bucklaw seemed
in no hurry to return with his borrowed steed, which Ravenswood, before
leaving the field, wished to see restored to the obliging owner. As he
was about to move towards the group of assembled huntsmen, he was joined
by a horseman, who, like himself, had kept aloof during the fall of the

This personage seemed stricken in years. He wore a scarlet cloak,
buttoning high upon his face, and his hat was unlooped and slouched,
probably by way of defence against the weather. His horse, a strong and
steady palfrey, was calculated for a rider who proposed to witness the
sport of the day rather than to share it. An attendant waited at some
distance, and the whole equipment was that of an elderly gentleman of
rank and fashion. He accosted Ravenswood very politely, but not without
some embarrassment.

\x93You seem a gallant young gentleman, sir,\x94 he said, \x93and yet appear as
indifferent to this brave sport as if you had my load of years on your

\x93I have followed the sport with more spirit on other occasions,\x94 replied
the Master; \x93at present, late events in my family must be my apology;
and besides,\x94 he added, \x93I was but indifferently mounted at the
beginning of the sport.\x94

\x93I think,\x94 said the stranger, \x93one of my attendants had the sense to
accommodate your friend with a horse.\x94

\x93I was much indebted to his politeness and yours,\x94 replied Ravenswood.
\x93My friend is Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw, whom I dare say you will be
sure to find in the thick of the keenest sportsmen. He will return
your servant\x92s horse, and take my pony in exchange; and will add,\x94
 he concluded, turning his horse\x92s head from the stranger, \x93his best
acknowledgments to mine for the accommodation.\x94

The Master of Ravenswood, having thus expressed himself, began to move
homeward, with the manner of one who has taken leave of his company.
But the stranger was not so to be shaken off. He turned his horse at the
same time, and rode in the same direction, so near to the Master that,
without outriding him, which the formal civility of the time, and
the respect due to the stranger\x92s age and recent civility, would have
rendered improper, he could not easily escape from his company.

The stranger did not long remain silent. \x93This, then,\x94 he said, \x93is the
ancient Castle of Wolf\x92s Crag, often mentioned in the Scottish records,\x94
 looking to the old tower, then darkening under the influence of a stormy
cloud, that formed its background; for at the distance of a short mile,
the chase, having been circuitous, had brought the hunters nearly back
to the point which they had attained when Ravenswood and Bucklaw had set
forward to join them.

Ravenswood answered this observation with a cold and distant assent.
\x93It was, as I have heard,\x94 continued the stranger, unabashed by his
coldness, \x93one of the most early possessions of the honourable family of

\x93Their earliest possession,\x94 answered the Master, \x93and probably their

\x93I--I--I should hope not, sir,\x94 answered the stranger, clearing his
voice with more than one cough, and making an effort to overcome a
certain degree of hesitation; \x93Scotland knows what she owes to
this ancient family, and remembers their frequent and honourable
achievements. I have little doubt that, were it properly represented
to her Majesty that so ancient and noble a family were subjected to
dilapidation--I mean to decay--means might be found, ad re-aedificandum
antiquam domum----\x94

\x93I will save you the trouble, sir, of discussing this point farther,\x94
 interrupted the Master, haughtily. \x93I am the heir of that unfortunate
house--I am the Master of Ravenswood. And you, sir, who seem to be
a gentleman of fashion and education, must be sensible that the next
mortification after being unhappy is the being loaded with undesired

\x93I beg your pardon, sir,\x94 said the elder horseman; \x93I did not know--I am
sensible I ought not to have mentioned--nothing could be farther from my
thoughts than to suppose----\x94

\x93There are no apologies necessary, sir,\x94 answered Ravenswood, \x93for here,
I suppose, our roads separate, and I assure you that we part in perfect
equanimity on my side.\x94

As speaking these words, he directed his horse\x92s head towards a narrow
causeway, the ancient approach to Wolf\x92s Crag, of which it might be
truly said, in the words of the Bard of Hope, that

     Frequented by few was the grass-cover\x92d road,
     Where the hunter of deer and the warrior trode,
     To his hills that encircle the sea.

But, ere he could disengage himself from his companion, the young lady
we have already mentioned came up to join the stranger, followed by her

\x93Daughter,\x94 said the stranger to the unmasked damsel, \x93this is the
Master of Ravenswood.\x94

It would have been natural that the gentleman should have replied to
this introduction; but there was something in the graceful form and
retiring modesty of the female to whom he was thus presented, which not
only prevented him from inquiring to whom, and by whom, the annunciation
had been made, but which even for the time struck him absolutely mute.
At this moment the cloud which had long lowered above the height on
which Wolf\x92s Crag is situated, and which now, as it advanced, spread
itself in darker and denser folds both over land and sea, hiding the
distant objects and obscuring those which were nearer, turning the sea
to a leaden complexion and the heath to a darker brown, began now, by
one or two distant peals, to announce the thunders with which it was
fraught; while two flashes of lightning, following each other very
closely, showed in the distance the grey turrets of Wolf\x92s Crag, and,
more nearly, the rollowing billows of the ocean, crested suddenly with
red and dazzling light.

The horse of the fair huntress showed symptoms of impatience and
restiveness, and it became impossible for Ravenswood, as a man or a
gentleman, to leave her abruptly to the case of an aged father or her
menial attendants. He was, or believed himself, obliged in courtesy to
take hold of her bridle, and assist her in managing the unruly animal.
While he was thus engaged, the old gentleman observed that the storm
seemed to increase; that they were far from Lord Bittlebrains\x92s, whose
guests they were for the present; and that he would be obliged to the
Master of Ravenswood to point him the way to the nearest place of refuge
from the storm. At the same time he cast a wistful and embarrassed
look towards the Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag, which seemed to render it almost
impossible for the owner to avoid offering an old man and a lady, in
such an emergency, the temporary use of his house. Indeed, the condition
of the young huntress made this courtesy indispensable; for, in the
course of the services which he rendered, he could not but perceive that
she trembled much, and was extremely agitated, from her apprehensions,
doubtless, of the coming storm.

I know not if the Master of Ravenswood shared her terrors, but he was
not entirely free from something like a similar disorder of nerves, as
he observed, \x93The Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag has nothing to offer beyond the
shelter of its roof, but if that can be acceptable at such a moment----\x94
 he paused, as if the rest of the invitation stuck in his throat. But
the old gentleman, his self-constituted companion, did not allow him to
recede from the invitation, which he had rather suffered to be implied
than directly expressed.

\x93The storm,\x94 said the stranger, \x93must be an apology for waiving
ceremony; his daughter\x92s health was weak, she had suffered much from a
recent alarm; he trusted their intrusion on the Master of Ravenswood\x92s
hospitality would not be altogether unpardonable in the circumstances of
the case: his child\x92s safety must be dearer to him than ceremony.\x94

There was no room to retreat. The Master of Ravenswood led the way,
continuing to keep hold of the lady\x92s bridle to prevent her horse
from starting at some unexpected explosion of thunder. He was not so
bewildered in his own hurried reflections but that he remarked, that the
deadly paleness which had occupied her neck and temples, and such of her
features as the riding-mask left exposed, gave place to a deep and rosy
suffusion; and he felt with embarrassment that a flush was by tacit
sympathy excited in his own cheeks. The stranger, with watchfulness
which he disguised under apprehensions of the safety of his daughter,
continued to observe the expression of the Master\x92s countenance as
they ascended the hill to Wolf\x92s Crag. When they stood in front of
that ancient fortress, Ravenswood\x92s emotions were of a very complicated
description; and as he led the way into the rude courtyard, and hallooed
to Caleb to give attendance, there was a tone of sternness, almost of
fierceness, which seemed somewhat alien from the courtesies of one who
is receiving honoured guests.

Caleb came; and not the paleness of the fair stranger at the first
approach of the thunder, nor the paleness of any other person, in any
other circumstances whatever, equalled that which overcame the thin
cheeks of the disconsolate seneschal when he beheld this accession
of guests to the castle, and reflected that the dinner hour was fast
approaching. \x93Is he daft?\x94 he muttered to himself;--\x93is he clean daft
a\x92thegither, to bring lords and leddies, and a host of folk behint them,
and twal o\x92clock chappit?\x94 Then approaching the Master, he craved pardon
for having permitted the rest of his people to go out to see the hunt,
observing, that \x93They wad never think of his lordship coming back till
mirk night, and that he dreaded they might play the truant.\x94

\x93Silence, Balderstone!\x94 said Ravenswood, sternly; \x93your folly is
unseasonable. Sir and madam,\x94 he said, turning to his guests, \x93this old
man, and a yet older and more imbecile female domestic, form my whole
retinue. Our means of refreshing you are more scanty than even so
miserable a retinue, and a dwelling so dilapidated, might seem to
promise you; but, such as they may chance to be, you may command them.\x94

The elder stranger, struck with the ruined and even savage appearance of
the Tower, rendered still more disconsolate by the lowering and gloomy
sky, and perhaps not altogether unmoved by the grave and determined
voice in which their host addressed them, looked round him anxiously, as
if he half repented the readiness with which he had accepted the offered
hospitality. But there was now no opportunity of receding from the
situation in which he had placed himself.

As for Caleb, he was so utterly stunned by his master\x92s public and
unqualified acknowledgment of the nakedness of the land, that for two
minutes he could only mutter within his hebdomadal beard, which had not
felt the razor for six days, \x93He\x92s daft--clean daft--red wud, and awa\x92
wit! But deil hae Caleb Balderstone,\x94 said he, collecting his powers of
invention and resource, \x93if the family shall lose credit, if he were as
mad as the seven wise masters!\x94 He then boldly advanced, and in spite
of his master\x92s frowns and impatience, gravely asked, \x93If he should
not serve up some slight refection for the young leddy, and a glass of
tokay, or old sack--or----\x94

\x93Truce to this ill-timed foolery,\x94 said the Master, sternly; \x93put the
horses into the stable, and interrupt us no more with your absurdities.\x94

\x93Your honour\x92s pleasure is to be obeyed aboon a\x92 things,\x94 said Caleb;
\x93nevertheless, as for the sack and tokay which it is not your noble
guests\x92 pleasure to accept----\x94

But here the voice of Bucklaw, heard even above the clattering of
hoofs and braying of horns with which it mingled, announced that he was
scaling the pathway to the Tower at the head of the greater part of the
gallant hunting train.

\x93The deil be in me,\x94 said Caleb, taking heart in spite of this new
invasion of Philistines, \x93if they shall beat me yet! The hellicat
ne\x92er-do-weel! to bring such a crew here, that will expect to find
brandy as plenty as ditch-water, and he kenning sae absolutely the case
in whilk we stand for the present! But I trow, could I get rid of thae
gaping gowks of flunkies that hae won into the courtyard at the back
of their betters, as mony a man gets preferment, I could make a\x92 right

The measures which he took to execute this dauntless resolution, the
reader shall learn in the next chapter.


     With throat unslaked, with black lips baked,
     Agape they heard him call;
     Gramercy they for joy did grin,
     And all at once their breath drew in,
     As they had been drinking all!

     COLERIDGE\x92S Rime of the Ancient Mariner.

HAYSTON of Bucklaw was one of the thoughtless class who never hesitate
between their friend and their jest. When it was announced that the
principal persons of the chase had taken their route towards Wolf\x92s
Crag, the huntsmen, as a point of civility, offered to transfer the
venison to that mansion; a proffer which was readily accepted by
Bucklaw, who thought much of the astonishment which their arrival in
full body would occasion poor old Caleb Balderstone, and very little of
the dilemma to which he was about to expose his friend the Master, so
ill circumstanced to receive such a party. But in old Caleb he had to
do with a crafty and alert antagonist, prompt at supplying, upon all
emergencies, evasions and excuses suitable, as he thought, to the
dignity of the family.

\x93Praise be blest!\x94 said Caleb to himself, \x93ae leaf of the muckle gate
has been swung to wi\x92 yestreen\x92s wind, and I think I can manage to shut
the ither.\x94

But he was desirous, like a prudent governor, at the same time to get
rid, if possible, of the internal enemy, in which light he considered
almost every one who eat and drank, ere he took measures to exclude
those whom their jocund noise now pronounced to be near at hand. He
waited, therefore, with impatience until his master had shown his two
principal guests into the Tower, and then commenced his operations.

\x93I think,\x94 he said to the stranger menials, \x93that, as they are bringing
the stag\x92s head to the castle in all honour, we, who are indwellers,
should receive them at the gate.\x94

The unwary grooms had no sooner hurried out, in compliance with this
insidious hint, than, one folding-door of the ancient gate being already
closed by the wind, as has been already intimated, honest Caleb lost
no time in shutting the other with a clang, which resounded from
donjon-vault to battlement. Having thus secured the pass, he forthwith
indulged the excluded huntsmen in brief parley, from a small projecting
window, or shot-hole, through which, in former days, the warders were
wont to reconnoitre those who presented themselves before the gates. He
gave them to understand, in a short and pity speech, that the gate of
the castle was never on any account opened during meal-times; that his
honour, the Master of Ravenswood, and some guests of quality, had
just sat down to dinner; that there was excellent brandy at the
hostler-wife\x92s at Wolf\x92s Hope down below; and he held out some obscure
hint that the reckoning would be discharged by the Master; but this was
uttered in a very dubious and oracular strain, for, like Louis XIV.,
Caleb Balderstone hesitated to carry finesse so far as direct falsehood,
and was content to deceive, if possible, without directly lying.

This annunciation was received with surprise by some, with laughter
by others, and with dismay by the expelled lackeys, who endeavoured to
demonstrate that their right of readmission, for the purpose of waiting
upon their master and mistress, was at least indisputable. But Caleb was
not in a humour to understand or admit any distinctions. He stuck to his
original proposition with that dogged but convenient pertinacity which
is armed against all conviction, and deaf to all reasoning. Bucklaw now
came from the rear of the party, and demanded admittance in a very angry
tone. But the resolution of Caleb was immovable.

\x93If the king on the throne were at the gate,\x94 he declared, \x93his ten
fingers should never open it contrair to the established use and wont of
the family of Ravenswood, and his duty as their head-servant.\x94

Bucklaw was now extremely incensed, and with more oaths and curses
than we care to repeat, declared himself most unworthily treated, and
demanded peremptorily to speak with the Master of Ravenswood himself.

But to this also Caleb turned a deaf ear. \x93He\x92s as soon a-bleeze as a
tap of tow, the lad Bucklaw,\x94 he said; \x93but the deil of ony master\x92s
face he shall see till he has sleepit and waken\x92d on\x92t. He\x92ll ken
himsell better the morn\x92s morning. It sets the like o\x92 him, to be
bringing a crew of drunken hunters here, when he kens there is but
little preparation to sloken his ain drought.\x94 And he disappeared from
the window, leaving them all to digest their exclusion as they best

But another person, of whose presence Caleb, in the animation of the
debate, was not aware, had listened in silence to its progress. This
was the principal domestic of the stranger--a man of trust and
consequence--the same who, in the hunting-field, had accommodated
Bucklaw with the use of his horse. He was in the stable when Caleb had
contrived the expulsion of his fellow-servants, and thus avoided sharing
the same fate, from which his personal importance would certainly not
have otherwise saved him.

This personage perceived the manoeuvre of Caleb, easily appreciated the
motive of his conduct, and knowing his master\x92s intentions towards the
family of Ravenswood, had no difficulty as to the line of conduct he
ought to adopt. He took the place of Caleb (unperceived by the latter)
at the post of audience which he had just left, and announced to the
assembled domestics, \x93That it was his master\x92s pleasure that Lord
Bittlebrain\x92s retinue and his own should go down to the adjacent
change-house and call for what refreshments they might have occasion
for, and he should take care to discharge the lawing.\x94

The jolly troop of huntsmen retired from the inhospitable gate of Wolf\x92s
Crag, execrating, as they descended the steep pathway, the niggard and
unworthy disposition of the proprietor, and damning, with more than
silvan license, both the castle and its inhabitants. Bucklaw, with many
qualities which would have made him a man of worth and judgment in more
favourable circumstances, had been so utterly neglected in point of
education, that he was apt to think and feel according to the ideas of
the companions of his pleasures. The praises which had recently been
heaped upon himself he contrasted with the general abuse now levelled
against Ravenswood; he recalled to his mind the dull and monotonous days
he had spent in the Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag, compared with the joviality
of his usual life; he felt with great indignation his exclusion from
the castle, which he considered as a gross affront, and every mingled
feeling led him to break off the union which he had formed with the
Master of Ravenswood.

On arriving at the change-house of the village of Wolf\x92s Hope, he
unexpectedly met with an acquaintance just alighting from his horse.
This was no other than the very respectable Captain Craigengelt,
who immediately came up to him, and, without appearing to retain any
recollection of the indifferent terms on which they had parted, shook
him by the hand in the warmest manner possible. A warm grasp of the
hand was what Bucklaw could never help returning with cordiality, and no
sooner had Craigengelt felt the pressure of his fingers than he knew the
terms on which he stood with him.

\x93Long life to you, Bucklaw!\x94 he exclaimed; \x93there\x92s life for honest folk
in this bad world yet!\x94

The Jacobites at this period, with what propriety I know not, used, it
must be noticed, the term of HONEST MEN as peculiarly descriptive of
their own party.

\x93Ay, and for others besides, it seems,\x94 answered Bucklaw; \x93otherways,
how came you to venture hither, noble Captain?\x94

\x93Who--I? I am as free as the wind at Martinmas, that pays neither
land-rent nor annual; all is explained--all settled with the honest old
drivellers yonder of Auld Reekie. Pooh! pooh! they dared not keep me a
week of days in durance. A certain person has better friends among them
than you wot of, and can serve a friend when it is least likely.\x94

\x93Pshaw!\x94 answered Hayston, who perfectly knew and thoroughly despised
the character of this man, \x93none of your cogging gibberish; tell me
truly, are you at liberty and in safety?\x94

\x93Free and safe as a Whig bailie on the causeway of his own borough, or a
canting Presbyterian minister in his own pulpit; and I came to tell you
that you need not remain in hiding any longer.\x94

\x93Then I suppose you call yourself my friend, Captain Craigengelt?\x94 said

\x93Friend!\x94 replied Craigengelt, \x93my cock of the pit! why, I am thy very
Achates, man, as I have heard scholars say--hand and glove--bark and
tree--thine to life and death!\x94

\x93I\x92ll try that in a moment,\x94 answered Bucklaw. \x93Thou art never without
money, however thou comest by it. Lend me two pieces to wash the dust
out of these honest fellows\x92 throats in the first place, and then----\x94

\x93Two pieces! Twenty are at thy service, my lad, and twenty to back

\x93Ay, say you so?\x94 said Bucklaw, pausing, for his natural penetration led
him to suspect some extraordinary motive lay couched under an excess of
generosity. \x93Craigengelt, you are either an honest fellow in right good
earnest, and I scarce know how to believe that; or you are cleverer than
I took you for, and I scarce know how to believe that either.\x94

\x93L\x92un n\x92empeche pas l\x92autre,\x94 said Craigengelt. \x93Touch and try; the gold
is good as ever was weighed.\x94

He put a quantity of gold pieces into Bucklaw\x92s hand, which he thrust
into his pocket without either counting or looking at them, only
observing, \x93That he was so circumstanced that he must enlist, though
the devil offered the press-money\x94; and then turning to the huntsmen, he
called out, \x93Come along, my lads; all is at my cost.\x94

\x93Long life to Bucklaw!\x94 shouted the men of the chase.

\x93And confusion to him that takes his share of the sport, and leaves the
hunters as dry as a drumhead,\x94 added another, by way of corollary.

\x93The house of Ravenswood was ance a gude and an honourable house in
this land,\x94 said an old man; \x93but it\x92s lost its credit this day, and the
Master has shown himself no better than a greedy cullion.\x94

And with this conclusion, which was unanimously agreed to by all who
heard it, they rushed tumultuously into the house of entertainment,
where they revelled till a late hour. The jovial temper of Bucklaw
seldom permitted him to be nice in the choice of his associates; and on
the present occasion, when his joyous debauch received additional
zest from the intervention of an unusual space of sobriety, and almost
abstinence, he was as happy in leading the revels as if his comrades had
been sons of princes. Craigengelt had his own purposes in fooling him up
to the top of his bent; and having some low humour, much impudence, and
the power of singing a good song, understanding besides thoroughly the
disposition of his regained associate, he headily succeeded in involving
him bumper-deep in the festivity of the meeting.

A very different scene was in the mean time passing in the Tower of
Wolf\x92s Crag. When the Master of Ravenswood left the courtyard, too
much busied with his own perplexed reflections to pay attention to the
manoeuvre of Caleb, he ushered his guests into the great hall of the

The indefatigable Balderstone, who, from choice or habit, worked on from
morning to night, had by degrees cleared this desolate apartment of the
confused relics of the funeral banquet, and restored it to some order.
But not all his skill and labour, in disposing to advantage the little
furniture which remained, could remove the dark and disconsolate
appearance of those ancient and disfurnished walls. The narrow windows,
flanked by deep indentures into the walls, seemed formed rather to
exclude than to admit the cheerful light; and the heavy and gloomy
appearance of the thunder-sky added still farther to the obscurity.

As Ravenswood, with the grace of a gallant of that period, but not
without a certain stiffness and embarrassment of manner, handed the
young lady to the upper end of the apartment, her father remained
standing more near to the door, as if about to disengage himself from
his hat and cloak. At this moment the clang of the portal was heard, a
sound at which the stranger started, stepped hastily to the window, and
looked with an air of alarm at Ravenswood, when he saw that the gate of
the court was shut, and his domestics excluded.

\x93You have nothing to fear, sir,\x94 said Ravenswood, gravely; \x93this roof
retains the means of giving protection, though not welcome. Methinks,\x94
 he added, \x93it is time that I should know who they are that have thus
highly honoured my ruined dwelling!\x94 The young lady remained silent
and motionless, and the father, to whom the question was more directly
addressed, seemed in the situation of a performer who has ventured to
take upon himself a part which he finds himself unable to present,
and who comes to a pause when it is most to be expected that he should
speak. While he endeavoured to cover his embarrassment with the exterior
ceremonials of a well-bred demeanour, it was obvious that, in making his
bow, one foot shuffled forward, as if to advance, the other backward, as
if with the purpose of escape; and as he undid the cape of his coat, and
raised his beaver from his face, his fingers fumbled as if the one had
been linked with rusted iron, or the other had weighed equal with a
stone of lead. The darkness of the sky seemed to increase, as if to
supply the want of those mufflings which he laid aside with such evident
reluctance. The impatience of Ravenswood increased also in proportion to
the delay of the stranger, and he appeared to struggle under agitation,
though probably from a very different cause. He laboured to restrain his
desire to speak, while the stranger, to all appearance, was at a loss
for words to express what he felt necessary to say.

At length Ravenswood\x92s impatience broke the bounds he had imposed upon
it. \x93I perceive,\x94 he said, \x93that Sir William Ashton is unwilling to
announced himself in the Castle of Wolf\x92s Crag.\x94

\x93I had hoped it was unnecessary,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, relieved from
his silence, as a spectre by the voice of the exorcist, \x93and I am
obliged to you, Master of Ravenswood, for breaking the ice at once,
where circumstances--unhappy circumstances, let me call them--rendered
self-introduction peculiarly awkward.\x94

\x93And I am not then,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, gravely, \x93to
consider the honour of this visit as purely accidental?\x94

\x93Let us distinguish a little,\x94 said the Keeper, assuming an appearance
of ease which perhaps his heart was a stranger to; \x93this is an honour
which I have eagerly desired for some time, but which I might never
have obtained, save for the accident of the storm. My daughter and I are
alike grateful for this opportunity of thanking the brave man to whom
she owes her life and I mine.\x94

The hatred which divided the great families in the feudal times had lost
little of its bitterness, though it no longer expressed itself in
deeds of open violence. Not the feelings which Ravenswood had begun to
entertain towards Lucy Ashton, not the hospitality due to his guests,
were able entirely to subdue, though they warmly combated, the deep
passions which arose within him at beholding his father\x92s foe standing
in the hall of the family of which he had in a great measure accelerated
the ruin. His looks glanced from the father to the daughter with an
irresolution of which Sir William Ashton did not think it proper
to await the conclusion. He had now disembarrassed himself of his
riding-dress, and walking up to his daughter, he undid the fastening of
her mask.

\x93Lucy, my love,\x94 he said, raising her and leading her towards
Ravenswood, \x93lay aside your mask, and let us express our gratitude to
the Master openly and barefaced.\x94

\x93If he will condescend to accept it,\x94 was all that Lucy uttered; but in
a tone so sweetly modulated, and which seemed to imply at once a feeling
and a forgiving of the cold reception to which they were exposed,
that, coming from a creature so innocent and so beautiful, her words cut
Ravenswood to the very heart for his harshness. He muttered something
of surprise, something of confusion, and, ending with a warm and eager
expression of his happiness at being able to afford her shelter under
his roof, he saluted her, as the ceremonial of the time enjoined upon
such occasions. Their cheeks had touched and were withdrawn from each
other; Ravenswood had not quitted the hand which he had taken in kindly
courtesy; a blush, which attached more consequence by far than was usual
to such ceremony, still mantled on Lucy Ashton\x92s beautiful cheek, when
the apartment was suddenly illuminated by a flash of lightning, which
seemed absolutely to swallow the darkness of the hall. Every object
might have been for an instant seen distinctly. The slight and
half-sinking form of Lucy Ashton; the well-proportioned and stately
figure of Ravenswood, his dark features, and the fiery yet irresolute
expression of his eyes; the old arms and scutcheons which hung on the
walls of the apartment, were for an instant distinctly visible to the
Keeper by a strong red brilliant glare of light. Its disappearance was
almost instantly followed by a burst of thunder, for the storm-cloud was
very near the castle; and the peal was so sudden and dreadful, that the
old tower rocked to its foundation, and every inmate concluded it was
falling upon them. The soot, which had not been disturbed for centuries,
showered down the huge tunnelled chimneys; lime and dust flew in clouds
from the wall; and, whether the lightning had actually struck the castle
or whether through the violent concussion of the air, several heavy
stones were hurled from the mouldering battlements into the roaring
sea beneath. It might seem as if the ancient founder of the castle were
bestriding the thunderstorm, and proclaiming his displeasure at the
reconciliation of his descendant with the enemy of his house.

The consternation was general, and it required the efforts of both the
Lord Keeper and Ravenswood to keep Lucy from fainting. Thus was the
Master a second time engaged in the most delicate and dangerous of
all tasks, that of affording support and assistance to a beautiful and
helpless being, who, as seen before in a similar situation, had
already become a favourite of his imagination, both when awake and when
slumbering. If the genius of the house really condemned a union betwixt
the Master and his fair guest, the means by which he expressed his
sentiments were as unhappily chosen as if he had been a mere mortal.
The train of little attentions, absolutely necessary to soothe the young
lady\x92s mind, and aid her in composing her spirits, necessarily threw
the Master of Ravenswood into such an intercourse with her father as was
calculated, for the moment at least, to break down the barrier of feudal
enmity which divided them. To express himself churlishly, or even
coldly, towards an old man whose daughter (and SUCH a daughter) lay
before them, overpowered with natural terror--and all this under his own
roof, the thing was impossible; and by the time that Lucy, extending a
hand to each, was able to thank them for their kindness, the Master
felt that his sentiments of hostility towards the Lord Keeper were by no
means those most predominant in his bosom.

The weather, her state of health, the absence of her attendants,
all prevented the possibility of Lucy Ashton renewing her journey to
Bittlebrains House, which was full five miles distant; and the Master of
Ravenswood could not but, in common courtesy, offer the shelter of his
roof for the rest of the day and for the night. But a flush of less
soft expression, a look much more habitual to his features, resumed
predominance when he mentioned how meanly he was provided for the
entertainment of his guests.

\x93Do not mention deficiencies,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, eager to interrupt
him and prevent his resuming an alarming topic; \x93you are preparing to
set out for the Continent, and your house is probably for the present
unfurnished. All this we understand; but if you mention inconvenience,
you will oblige us to seek accommodations in the hamlet.\x94

As the Master of Ravenswood was about to reply, the door of the hall
opened, and Caleb Balderstone rushed in.


     Let them have meat enough, woman--half a hen;
     There be old rotten pilchards--put them off too;
     \x91Tis but a little new anointing of them,
     And a strong onion, that confounds the savour.

     Love\x92s Pilgrimage.

THE thunderbolt, which had stunned all who were within hearing of it,
had only served to awaken the bold and inventive genius of the flower of
majors-domo. Almost before the clatter had ceased, and while there was
yet scarce an assurance whether the castle was standing or falling,
Caleb exclaimed, \x93Heaven be praised! this comes to hand like the boul of
a pint-stoup.\x94 He then barred the kitchen door in the face of the Lord
Keeper\x92s servant, whom he perceived returning from the party at the
gate, and muttering, \x93How the deil cam he in?--but deil may care. Mysie,
what are ye sitting shaking and greeting in the chimney-neuk for? Come
here--or stay where ye are, and skirl as loud as ye can; it\x92s a\x92 ye\x92re
gude for. I say, ye auld deevil, skirl--skirl--louder--louder, woman;
gar the gentles hear ye in the ha\x92. I have heard ye as far off as the
Bass for a less matter. And stay--down wi\x92 that crockery----\x94

And with a sweeping blow, he threw down from a shelf some articles of
pewter and earthenware. He exalted his voice amid the clatter, shouting
and roaring in a manner which changed Mysie\x92s hysterical terrors of the
thunder into fears that her old fellow-servant was gone distracted. \x93He
has dung down a\x92 the bits o\x92 pigs, too--the only thing we had left
to haud a soup milk--and he has spilt the hatted hit that was for the
Master\x92s dinner. Mercy save us, the auld man\x92s gaen clean and clear wud
wi\x92 the thunner!\x94

\x93Haud your tongue, ye b----!\x94 said Caleb, in the impetuous and
overbearing triumph of successful invention, \x93a\x92s provided now--dinner
and a\x92thing; the thunner\x92s done a\x92 in a clap of a hand!\x94

\x93Puir man, he\x92s muckle astray,\x94 said Mysie, looking at him with a
mixture of pity and alarm; \x93I wish he may ever come hame to himsell

\x93Here, ye auld doited deevil,\x94 said Caleb, still exulting
in his extrication from a dilemma which had seemed insurmountable;
\x93keep the strange man out of the kitchen; swear the thunner
came down the chimney and spoiled the best dinner ye ever
dressed--beef--bacon--kid--lark--leveret--wild-fowl--venison, and what
not. Lay it on thick, and never mind expenses. I\x92ll awa\x92 up to the
la\x92. Make a\x92 the confusion ye can; but be sure ye keep out the strange

With these charges to his ally, Caleb posted up to the hall, but
stopping to reconnoitre through an aperture, which time, for the
convenience of many a domestic in succession, had made in the door, and
perceiving the situation of Miss Ashton, he had prudence enough to
make a pause, both to avoid adding to her alarm and in order to secure
attention to his account of the disastrous effects of the thunder.

But when he perceived that the lady was recovered, and heard the
conversation turn upon the accommodation and refreshment which the
castle afforded, he thought it time to burst into the room in the manner
announced in the last chapter.

\x93Willawins!--willawins! Such a misfortune to befa\x92 the house of
Ravenswood, and I to live to see it.\x94

\x93What is the matter, Caleb?\x94 said his master, somewhat alarmed in his
turn; \x93has any part of the castle fallen?\x94

\x93Castle fa\x92an! na, but the sute\x92s fa\x92an, and the thunner\x92s come right
down the kitchen-lum, and the things are a\x92 lying here awa\x92, there awa\x92,
like the Laird o\x92 Hotchpotch\x92s lands; and wi\x92 brave guests of honour
and quality to entertain (a low bow here to Sir William Ashton and his
daughter), and naething left in the house fit to present for dinner, or
for supper either, for aught that I can see!\x94

\x93I very believe you, Caleb,\x94 said Ravenswood, drily. Balderstone here
turned to his master a half-upbraiding, half-imploring countenance,
and edged towards him as he repeated, \x93It was nae great matter of
preparation; but just something added to your honour\x92s ordinary course
of fare--petty cover, as they say at the Louvre--three courses and the

\x93Keep your intolerable nonsense to yourself, you old fool!\x94 said
Ravenswood, mortified at his officiousness, yet not knowing how to
contradict him, without the risk of giving rise to scenes yet more

Caleb saw his advantage, and resolved to improve it. But first,
observing that the Lord Keeper\x92s servant entered the apartment and spoke
apart with his master, he took the same opportunity to whisper a few
words into Ravenswood\x92s ear: \x93Haud your tongue, for heaven\x92s sake, sir;
if it\x92s my pleasure to hazard my soul in telling lees for the honour
of the family, it\x92s nae business o\x92 yours; and if ye let me gang on
quietly, I\x92se be moderate in my banquet; but if ye contradict me, deil
but I dress ye a dinner fit for a duke!\x94

Ravenswood, in fact, thought it would be best to let his officious
butler run on, who proceeded to enumerate upon his fingers--\x93No muckle
provision--might hae served four persons of honour,--first course,
capons in white broth--roast kid--bacon with reverence; second course,
roasted leveret--butter crabs--a veal florentine; third course,
blackcock--it\x92s black eneugh now wi\x92 the sute--plumdamas--a tart--a
flam--and some nonsense sweet things, adn comfits--and that\x92s a\x92,\x94
 he said, seeing the impatience of his master--\x93that\x92s just a\x92 was
o\x92t--forbye the apples and pears.\x94

Miss Ashton had by degrees gathered her spirits, so far as to pay some
attention to what was going on; and observing the restrained impatience
of Ravenswood, contrasted with the peculiar determination of manner with
which Caleb detailed his imaginary banquet, the whole struck her as so
ridiculous that, despite every effort to the contrary, she burst into a
fit of incontrollable laughter, in which she was joined by her father,
though with more moderation, and finally by the Master of Ravenswood
himself, though conscious that the jest was at his own expense. Their
mirth--for a scene which we read with little emotion often appears
extremely ludicrous to the spectators--made the old vault ring again.
They ceased--they renewed--they ceased--they renewed again their shouts
of laughter! Caleb, in the mean time, stood his ground with a grave,
angry, and scornful dignity, which greatly enhanced the ridicule of the
scene and mirth of the spectators.

At length, when the voices, and nearly the strength, of the laughers
were exhausted, he exclaimed, with very little ceremony: \x93The deil\x92s in
the gentles! they breakfast sae lordly, that the loss of the best dinner
ever cook pat fingers to makes them as merry as if it were the best
jeest in a\x92 George Buchanan. If there was as little in your honours\x92
wames as there is in Caleb Balderstone\x92s, less caickling wad serve ye on
sic a gravaminous subject.\x94

Caleb\x92s blunt expression of resentment again awakened the mirth of the
company, which, by the way, he regarded not only as an aggression upon
the dignity of the family, but a special contempt of the eloquence with
which he himself had summed up the extent of their supposed losses. \x93A
description of a dinner,\x94 as he said afterwards to Mysie, \x93that wad hae
made a fu\x92 man hungry, and them to sit there laughing at it!\x94

\x93But,\x94 said Miss Ashton, composing her countenance as well as she could,
\x93are all these delicacies so totally destroyed that no scrap can be

\x93Collected, my leddy! what wad ye collect out of the sute and the ass?
Ye may gang down yoursell, and look into our kitchen--the cookmaid in
the trembling exies--the gude vivers lying a\x92 about--beef, capons, and
white broth--florentine and flams--bacon wi\x92 reverence--and a\x92 the sweet
confections and whim-whams--ye\x92ll see them a\x92, my leddy--that is,\x94 said
he, correcting himself, \x93ye\x92ll no see ony of them now, for the cook
has soopit them up, as was weel her part; but ye\x92ll see the white broth
where it was spilt. I pat my fingers in it, and it tastes as like sour
milk as ony thing else; if that isna the effect of thunner, I kenna what
is. This gentleman here couldna but hear the clash of our haill dishes,
china and silver thegither?\x94

The Lord Keeper\x92s domestic, though a statesman\x92s attendant, and of
course trained to command his countenance upon all occasions, was
somewhat discomposed by this appeal, to which he only answered by a bow.

\x93I think, Mr. Butler,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, who began to be afraid lest
the prolongation of this scene should at length displease Ravenswood--\x93I
think that, were you to retire with my servant Lockhard--he has
travelled, and is quite accustomed to accidents and contingencies of
every kind, and I hope betwixt you, you may find out some mode of supply
at this emergency.\x94

\x93His honour kens,\x94 said Caleb, who, however hopeless of himself
of accomplishing what was desirable, would, like the high-spirited
elephant, rather have died in the effort than brooked the aid of a
brother in commission--\x93his honour kens weel I need nae counsellor, when
the honour of the house is concerned.\x94

\x93I should be unjust if I denied it, Caleb,\x94 said his master; \x93but your
art lies chiefly in making apologies, upon which we can no more dine
than upon the bill of fare of our thunder-blasted dinner. Now, possibly
Mr. Lockhard\x92s talent may consist in finding some substitute for that
which certainly is not, and has in all probability never been.\x94

\x93Your honour is pleased to be facetious,\x94 said Caleb, \x93but I am sure
that, for the warst, for a walk as far as Wolf\x92s Hope, I could dine
forty men--no that the folk there deserve your honour\x92s custom. They hae
been ill advised in the matter of the duty eggs and butter, I winna deny

\x93Do go consult together,\x94 said the Master; \x93go down to the village,
and do the best you can. We must not let our guests remain without
refreshment, to save the honour of a ruined family. And here, Caleb,
take my purse; I believe that will prove your best ally.\x94

\x93Purse! purse, indeed!\x94 quoth Caleb, indignantly flinging out of the
room; \x93what suld I do wi\x92 your honour\x92s purse, on your ain grund? I
trust we are no to pay for our ain?\x94

The servants left the hall; and the door was no sooner shut than the
Lord Keeper began to apologise for the rudeness of his mirth; and Lucy
to hope she had given no pain or offence to the kind-hearted faithful
old man.

\x93Caleb and I must both learn, madam, to undergo with good humour, or at
least with patience, the ridicule which everywhere attaches itself to

\x93You do yourself injustice, Master of Ravenswood, on my word of honour,\x94
 answered his elder guest. \x93I believe I know more of your affairs than
you do yourself, and I hope to show you that I am interested in them;
and that--in short, that your prospects are better than you apprehend.
In the mean time, I can conceive nothing so respectable as the spirit
which rises above misfortune, and prefers honourable privations to debt
or dependence.\x94

Whether from fear of offending the delicacy or awakening the pride of
the Master, the Lord Keeper made these allusions with an appearance
of fearful and hesitating reserve, and seemed to be afraid that he was
intruding too far, in venturing to touch, however lightly, upon such a
topic, even when the Master had led to it. In short, he appeared at once
pushed on by his desire of appearing friendly, and held back by the fear
of intrusion. It was no wonder that the Master of Ravenswood, little
acquainted as he then was with life, should have given this consummate
courtier credit for more sincerity than was probably to be found in
a score of his cast. He answered, however, with reserve, that he was
indebted to all who might think well of him; and, apologising to his
guests, he left the hall, in order to make such arrangements for their
entertainment as circumstances admitted.

Upon consulting with old Mysie, the accommodations for the night were
easily completed, as indeed they admitted of little choice. The Master
surrendered his apartment for the use of Miss Ashton, and Mysie, once a
person of consequence, dressed in a black satin gown which had belonged
of yore to the Master\x92s grandmother, and had figured in the court-balls
of Henrietta Maria, went to attend her as lady\x92s-maid. He next inquired
after Bucklaw, and understanding he was at the change-house with the
huntsmen and some companions, he desired Caleb to call there, and
acquaint him how he was circumstanced at Wolf\x92s Crag; to intimate to him
that it would be most convenient if he could find a bed in the hamlet,
as the elder guest must necessarily be quartered in the secret chamber,
the only spare bedroom which could be made fit to receive him. The
Master saw no hardship in passing the night by the hall fire, wrapt in
his campaign-cloak; and to Scottish domestics of the day, even of the
highest rank, nay, to young men of family or fashion, on any pinch,
clean straw, or a dry hayloft, was always held good night-quarters.

For the rest, Lockhard had his master\x92s orders to bring some venison
from the inn, and Caleb was to trust to his wits for the honour of his
family. The Master, indeed, a second time held out his purse; but, as it
was in sight of the strange servant, the butler thought himself obliged
to decline what his fingers itched to clutch. \x93Couldna he hae slippit it
gently into my hand?\x94 said Caleb; \x93but his honour will never learn how
to bear himsell in siccan cases.\x94

Mysie, in the mean time, according to a uniform custom in remote places
in Scotland, offered the strangers the produce of her little dairy,
\x93while better meat was getting ready.\x94 And according to another custom,
not yet wholly in desuetude, as the storm was now drifting off to
leeward, the Master carried the Keeper to the top of his highest
tower to admire a wide and waste extent of view, and to \x93weary for his


     \x93Now dame,\x94 quoth he, \x93Je vous dis sans doute,
     Had I nought of a capon but the liver,
     And of your white bread nought but a shiver,
     And after that a roasted pigge\x92s head
     (But I ne wold for me no beast were dead),
     Then had I with you homely sufferaunce.\x94

     CHAUCER, Summer\x92s Tale.

IT was not without some secret misgivings that Caleb set out upon
his exploratory expedition. In fact, it was attended with a treble
difficulty. He dared not tell his mast the offence which he had that
morning given to Bucklaw, just for the honour of the family; he dared
not acknowledge he had been too hasty in refusing the purse; and,
thirdly, he was somewhat apprehensive of unpleasant consequences upon
his meeting Hayston under the impression of an affront, and probably by
this time under the influence also of no small quantity of brandy.

Caleb, to do him justice, was as bold as any lion where the honour of
the family of Ravenswood was concerned; but his was that considerate
valour which does not delight in unnecessary risks. This, however, was a
secondary consideration; the main point was to veil the indigence of
the housekeeping at the castle, and to make good his vaunt of the cheer
which his resources could procure, without Lockhard\x92s assistance, and
without supplies from his master. This was as prime a point of honour
with him as with the generous elephant with whom we have already
compared him, who, being overtasked, broke his skull through the
desperate exertions which he made to discharge his duty, when he
perceived they were bringing up another to his assistance.

The village which they now approached had frequently afforded the
distressed butler resources upon similar emergencies; but his relations
with it had been of late much altered.

It was a little hamlet which straggled along the side of a creek formed
by the discharge of a small brook into the sea, and was hidden from
the castle, to which it had been in former times an appendage, by the
intervention of the shoulder of a hill forming a projecting headland.
It was called Wolf\x92s Hope (i.e. Wolf\x92s Haven), and the few inhabitants
gained a precarious subsistence by manning two or three fishing-boats
in the herring season, and smuggling gin and brandy during the
winter months. They paid a kind of hereditary respect to the Lords
of Ravenswood; but, in the difficulties of the family, most of the
inhabitants of Wolf\x92s Hope had contrived to get feu-rights to their
little possessions, their huts, kail-yards, and rights of commonty, so
that they were emancipated from the chains of feudal dependence,
and free from the various exactions with which, under every possible
pretext, or without any pretext at all, the Scottish landlords of the
period, themselves in great poverty, were wont to harass their still
poorer tenants at will. They might be, on the whole, termed independent,
a circumstance peculiarly galling to Caleb, who had been wont to
exercise over them the same sweeping authority in levying contributions
which was exercised in former times in England, when \x93the royal
purveyors, sallying forth from under the Gothic portcullis to purchase
provisions with power and prerogative, instead of money, brought home
the plunder of an hundred markets, and all that could be seized from
a flying and hiding country, and deposited their spoil in an hundred

Caleb loved the memory and resented the downfall of that authority,
which mimicked, on a petty scale, the grand contributions exacted by
the feudal sovereigns. And as he fondly flattered himself that the awful
rule and right supremacy, which assigned to the Barons of Ravenswood the
first and most effective interest in all productions of nature within
five miles of their castle, only slumbered, and was not departed
for ever, he used every now and then to give the recollection of the
inhabitants a little jog by some petty exaction. These were at first
submitted to, with more or less readiness, by the inhabitants of the
hamlet; for they had been so long used to consider the wants of the
Baron and his family as having a title to be preferred to their own,
that their actual independence did not convey to them an immediate sense
of freedom. They resembled a man that has been long fettered, who,
even at liberty, feels in imagination the grasp of the handcuffs still
binding his wrists. But the exercise of freedom is quickly followed with
the natural consciousness of its immunities, as the enlarged prisoner,
by the free use of his limbs, soon dispels the cramped feeling they had
acquired when bound.

The inhabitants of Wolf\x92s Hope began to grumble, to resist, and at
length positively to refuse compliance with the exactions of Caleb
Balderstone. It was in vain he reminded them, that when the eleventh
Lord Ravenswood, called the Skipper, from his delight in naval matters,
had encouraged the trade of their port by building the pier (a bulwark
of stones rudely piled together), which protected the fishing-boats from
the weather, it had been matter of understanding that he was to have
the first stone of butter after the calving of every cow within the
barony, and the first egg, thence called the Monday\x92s egg, laid by every
hen on every Monday in the year.

The feuars heard and scratched their heads, coughed, sneezed, and being
pressed for answer, rejoined with one voice, \x93They could not say\x94--the
universal refuge of a Scottish peasant when pressed to admit a claim
which his conscience owns, or perhaps his feelings, and his interest
inclines him to deny.

Caleb, however, furnished the notables of Wolf\x92s Hope with a note of
the requisition of butter and eggs, which he claimed as arrears of the
aforesaid subsidy, or kindly aid, payable as above mentioned; and having
intimated that he would not be averse to compound the same for goods or
money, if it was inconvenient to them to pay in kind, left them, as he
hoped, to debate the mode of assessing themselves for that purpose.
On the contrary, they met with a determined purpose of resisting the
exaction, and were only undecided as to the mode of grounding
their opposition, when the cooper, a very important person on a
fishing-station, and one of the conscript fathers of the village,
observed, \x93That their hens had caickled mony a day for the Lords of
Ravenswood, and it was time they suld caickle for those that gave
them roosts and barley.\x94 An unanimous grin intimated the assent of the
assembly. \x93And,\x94 continued the orator, \x93if it\x92s your wull, I\x92ll just tak
a step as far as Dunse for Davie Dingwall, the writer, that\x92s come frae
the North to settle amang us, and he\x92ll pit this job to rights, I\x92se
warrant him.\x94

A day was accordingly fixed for holding a grand palaver at Wolf\x92s Hope
on the subject of Caleb\x92s requisitions, and he was invited to attend at
the hamlet for that purpose.

He went with open hands and empty stomach, trusting to fill the one on
his master\x92s account and the other on his own score, at the expense of
the feuars of Wolf\x92s Hope. But, death to his hopes! as he entered the
eastern end of the straggling village, the awful form of Davie Dingwall,
a sly, dry, hard-fisted, shrewd country attorney, who had already acted
against the family of Ravenswood, and was a principal agent of Sir
William Ashton, trotted in at the western extremity, bestriding a
leathern portmanteau stuffed with the feu-charters of the hamlet, and
hoping he had not kept Mr. Balderstone waiting, \x93as he was instructed
and fully empowered to pay or receive, compound or compensate, and,
in fine, to age as accords respecting all mutual and unsettled claims
whatsoever, belonging or competent to the Honourable Edgar Ravenswood,
commonly called the Master of Ravenswood----\x94

\x93The RIGHT Honourable Edgar LORD RAVENSWOOD,\x94 said Caleb, with great
emphasis; for, though conscious he had little chance of advantage in the
conflict to ensue, he was resolved not to sacrifice one jot of honour.

\x93Lord Ravenswood, then,\x94 said the man of business--\x93we shall not quarrel
with you about titles of courtesy--commonly called Lord Ravenswood, or
Master of Ravenswood, heritable proprietor of the lands and barony of
Wolf\x92s Crag, on othe ne part, and to John Whitefish and others, feuars
in the town of Wolf\x92s Hope, within the barony aforesaid, on the other

Caleb was conscious, from sad experience, that he would wage a very
different strife with this mercenary champion than with the individual
feuars themselves, upon whose old recollections, predilections,
and habits of thinking he might have wrought by an hundred indirect
arguments, to which their deputy-representative was totally insensible.
The issue of the debate proved the reality of his apprehensions. It was
in vain he strained his eloquence and ingenuity, and collected into one
mass all arguments arising from antique custom and hereditary respect,
from the good deeds done by the Lords of Ravenswood to the community of
Wolf\x92s Hope in former days, and from what might be expected from them in
future. The writer stuck to the contents of his feu-charters; he could
not see it: \x91twas not in the bond. And when Caleb, determined to try
what a little spirit would do, deprecated the consequences of Lord
Ravenswood\x92s withdrawing his protection from the burgh, and even hinted
in his using active measures of resentment, the man of law sneered in
his face.

\x93His clients,\x94 he said, \x93had determined to do the best they could for
their own town, and he thought Lord Ravenswood, since he was a lord,
might have enough to do to look after his own castle. As to any threats
of stouthrief oppression, by rule of thumb, or via facti, as the law
termed it, he would have Mr. Balderstone recollect, that new times were
not as old times; that they lived on the south of the Forth, and far
from the Highlands; that his clients thought they were able to protect
themselves; but should they find themselves mistaken, they would apply
to the government for the protection of a corporal and four red-coats,
who,\x94 said Mr. Dingwall, with a grin, \x93would be perfectly able to secure
them against Lord Ravenswood, and all that he or his followers could do
by the strong hand.\x94

If Caleb could have concentrated all the lightnings of aristocracy in
his eye, to have struck dead this contemner of allegiance and privilege,
he would have launched them at his head, without respect to the
consequences. As it was, he was compelled to turn his course backward
to the castle; and there he remained for full half a day invisible and
inaccessible even to Mysie, sequestered in his own peculiar dungeon,
where he sat burnishing a single pewter plate and whistling \x93Maggie
Lauder\x94 six hours without intermission.

The issue of this unfortunate requisition had shut against Caleb all
resources which could be derived from Wolf\x92s Hope and its purlieus, the
El Dorado, or Peru, from which, in all former cases of exigence, he had
been able to extract some assistance. He had, indeed, in a manner vowed
that the deil should have him, if ever he put the print of his foot
within its causeway again. He had hitherto kept his word; and, strange
to tell, this secession had, as he intended, in some degree, the effect
of a punishment upon the refractory feuars. Mr. Balderstone had been a
person in their eyes connected with a superior order of beings, whose
presence used to grace their little festivities, whose advice they found
useful on many occasions, and whose communications gave a sort of credit
to their village. The place, they acknowledged, \x93didna look as it used
to do, and should do, since Mr. Caleb keepit the castle sae closely;
but doubtless, touching the eggs and butter, it was a most unreasonable
demand, as Mr. Dingwall had justly made manifest.\x94

Thus stood matters betwixt the parties, when the old butler, though it
was gall and wormwood to him, found himself obliged either to ackowledge
before a strange man of quality, and, what was much worse, before that
stranger\x92s servant, the total inability of Wolf\x92s Crag to produce a
dinner, or he must trust to the compassion of the feuars of Wofl\x92s Hope.
It was a dreadful degradation; but necessity was equally imperious and
lawless. With these feelings he entered the street of the village.

Willing to shake himself from his companion as soon as possible, he
directed Mr. Lockhard to Luckie Sma-trash\x92s change-house, where a din,
proceeding from the revels of Bucklaw, Craigengelt, and their party,
sounded half-way down the street, while the red glare from the window
overpowered the grey twilight which was now settling down, and glimmered
against a parcel of old tubs, kegs, and barrels, piled up in the
cooper\x92s yard, on the other side of the way.

\x93If you, Mr. Lockhard,\x94 said the old butler to his companion, \x93will be
pleased to step to the change-house where that light comes from, and
where, as I judge, they are now singing \x91Cauld Kail in Aberdeen,\x92 ye
may do your master\x92s errand about the venison, and I will do mine about
Bucklaw\x92s bed, as I return frae getting the rest of the vivers. It\x92s no
that the venison is actually needfu\x92,\x94 he added, detaining his colleague
by the button, \x93to make up the dinner; but as a compliment to the
hunters, ye ken; and, Mr. Lockhard, if they offer ye a drink o\x92 yill, or
a cup o\x92 wine, or a glass o\x92 brandy, ye\x92ll be a wise man to take it,
in case the thunner should hae soured ours at the castle, whilk is ower
muckle to be dreaded.\x94

He then permitted Lockhard to depart; and with foot heavy as lead, and
yet far lighter than his heart, stepped on through the unequal street
of the straggling village, meditating on whom he ought to make his
first attack. It was necessary he should find some one with whom old
acknowledged greatness should weigh more than recent independence, and
to whom his application might appear an act of high dignity, relenting
at once and soothing. But he could not recollect an inhabitant of a mind
so constructed. \x93Our kail is like to be cauld eneugh too,\x94 he reflected,
as the chorus of \x93Cauld Kail in Aberdeen\x94 again reached his ears. The
minister--he had got his presentation from the late lord, but they had
quarrelled about teinds; the brewster\x92s wife--she had trusted long, and
the bill was aye scored up, and unless the dignity of the family should
actually require it, it would be a sin to distress a widow woman.
None was so able--but, on the other hand, none was likely to be less
willing--to stand his friend upon the present occasion, than Gibbie
Girder, the man of tubs and barrels already mentioned, who had headed
the insurrection in the matter of the egg and butter subsidy. \x93But
a\x92 comes o\x92 taking folk on the right side, I trow,\x94 quoted Caleb to
himself; \x93and I had ance the ill hap to say he was but a Johnny New-come
in our town, and the carle bore the family an ill-will ever since.
But he married a bonny young quean, Jean Lightbody, auld Lightbody\x92s
daughter, him that was in the steading of Loup-the-Dyke; and auld
Lightbody was married himsell to Marion, that was about my lady in
the family forty years syne. I hae had mony a day\x92s daffing wi\x92 Jean\x92s
mither, and they say she bides on wi\x92 them. The carle has Jacobuses and
Georgiuses baith, an ane could get at them; and sure I am, it\x92s doing
him an honour him or his never deserved at our hand, the ungracious
sumph; and if he loses by us a\x92thegither, he is e\x92en cheap o\x92t: he can
spare it brawly.\x94 Shaking off irresolution, therefore, and turning at
once upon his heel, Caleb walked hastily back to the cooper\x92s house,
lifted the latch withotu ceremony, and, in a moment, found himself
behind the \x93hallan,\x94 or partition, from which position he could, himself
unseen, reconnoitre the interior of the \x93but,\x94 or kitchen apartment, of
the mansion.

Reverse of the sad menage at the Castle of Wolf\x92s Crag, a bickering
fire roared up the cooper\x92s chimney. His wife, on the one side, in
her pearlings and pudding-sleeves, put the last finishing touch to
her holiday\x92s apparel, while she contemplated a very handsome and
good-humoured face in a broken mirror, raised upon the \x93bink\x94 (the
shelves on which the plates are disposed) for her special accommodation.
Her mother, old Luckie Loup-the-Dyke, \x93a canty carline\x94 as was within
twenty miles of her, according to the unanimous report of the \x93cummers,\x94
 or gossips, sat by the fire in the full glory of a grogram gown, lammer
beads, and a clean cockernony, whiffing a snug pipe of tobacco, and
superintending the affairs of the kitchen; for--sight more interesting
to the anxious heart and craving entrails of the desponding seneschal
than either buxom dame or canty cummer--there bubbled on the aforesaid
bickering fire a huge pot, or rather cauldron, steaming with beef and
brewis; while before it revolved two spits, turned each by one of the
cooper\x92s apprentices, seated in the opposite corners of the chimney, the
one loaded with a quarter of mutton, while the other was graced with a
fat goose and a brace of wild ducks. The sight and scent of such a
land of plenty almost wholly overcame the drooping spirits of Caleb. He
turned, for a moment\x92s space to reconnoitre the \x93ben,\x94 or parlour end
of the house, and there saw a sight scarce less affecting to his
feelings--a large round table, covered for ten or twelve persons,
decored (according to his own favourite terms) with napery as white as
snow, grand flagons of pewter, intermixed with one or two silver cups,
containing, as was probable, something worthy the brilliancy of their
outward appearance, clean trenchers, cutty spoons, knives and forks,
sharp, burnished, and prompt for action, which lay all displayed as for
an especial festival.

\x93The devil\x92s in the peddling tub-coopering carl!\x94 muttered Caleb, in all
the envy of astonishment; \x93it\x92s a shame to see the like o\x92 them gusting
their gabs at sic a rate. But if some o\x92 that gude cheer does not find
its way to Wolf\x92s Crag this night, my name is not Caleb Balderstone.\x94

So resolving, he entered the apartment, and, in all courteous greeting,
saluted both the mother and the daughter. Wolf\x92s Crag was the court of
the barony, Caleb prime minister at Wolf\x92s Crag; and it has ever been
remarked that, though the masculine subject who pays the taxes sometimes
growls at the courtiers by whom they are imposed, the said courtiers
continue, nevertheless, welcome to the fair sex, to whom they furnish
the newest small-talk and the earliest fashions. Both the dames were,
therefore, at once about old Caleb\x92s neck, setting up their throats
together by way of welcome.

\x93Ay, sirs, Mr. Balderstone, and is this you? A sight of you is gude for
sair een. Sit down--sit down; the gudeman will be blythe to see you--ye
nar saw him sae cadgy in your life; but we are to christen our bit wean
the night, as ye will hae heard, and doubtless ye will stay and see the
ordinance. We hae killed a wether, and ane o\x92 our lads has been out wi\x92
his gun at the moss; ye used to like wild-fowl.\x94

\x93Na, na, gudewife,\x94 said Caleb; \x93I just keekit in to wish ye joy, and I
wad be glad to hae spoken wi\x92 the gudeman, but----\x94 moving, as if to go

\x93The ne\x92er a fit ye\x92s gang,\x94 said the elder dame, laughing and holding
him fast, with a freedom which belonged to their old acquaintance;
\x93wha kens what ill it may bring to the bairn, if ye owerlook it in that

\x93But I\x92m in a preceese hurry, gudewife,\x94 said the butler, suffering
himself to be dragged to a seat without much resistance; \x93and as to
eating,\x94 for he observed the mistress of the dwelling bustling about to
place a trencher for him--\x93as for eating--lack-a-day, we are just killed
up yonder wi\x92 eating frae morning to night! It\x92s shamefu\x92 epicurism; but
that\x92s what we hae gotten frae the English pock-puddings.\x94 \x93Hout,
never mind the English pock-puddings,\x94 said Luckie Lightbody; \x93try our
puddings, Mr. Balderstone; there is black pudding and white-hass; try
whilk ye like best.\x94

\x93Baith gude--baith excellent--canna be better; but the very smell is
eneugh for me that hae dined sae lately (the faithful wretch had fasted
since daybreak). But I wadna affront your housewifeskep, gudewife; and,
with your permission, I\x92se e\x92en pit them in my napkin, and eat them to
my supper at e\x92en, for I am wearied of Mysie\x92s pastry and nonsense; ye
ken landward dainties aye pleased me best, Marion, and landward lasses
too (looking at the cooper\x92s wife). Ne\x92er a bit but she looks far better
than when she married Gilbert, and then she was the bonniest lass in our
parochine and the neist till\x92t. But gawsie cow, goodly calf.\x94

The women smiled at the compliment each to herself, and they smiled
again to each other as Caleb wrapt up the puddings in a towel which he
had brought with him, as a dragoon carries his foraging bag to receive
what my fall in his way.

\x93And what news at the castle?\x94 quo\x92 the gudewife.

\x93News! The bravest news ye ever heard--the Lord Keeper\x92s up yonder wi\x92
his fair daughter, just ready to fling her at my lord\x92s head, if he
winna tak her out o\x92 his arms; and I\x92se warrant he\x92ll stitch our auld
lands of Ravenswood to her petticoat tail.\x94

\x93Eh! sirs--ay!--and will hae her? and is she weel-favoured? and what\x92s
the colour o\x92 her hair? and does she wear a habit or a railly?\x94 were the
questions which the females showered upon the butler.

\x93Hout tout! it wad tak a man a day to answer a\x92 your questions, and I
hae hardly a minute. Where\x92s the gudeman?\x94

\x93Awa\x92 to fetch the minister,\x94 said Mrs. Girder, \x93precious Mr. Peter
Bide-the-Bent, frae the Mosshead; the honest man has the rheumatism wi\x92
lying in the hills in the persecution.\x94

\x93Ay! Whig and a mountain-man, nae less!\x94 said Caleb, with a peevishness
he could not suppress. \x93I hae seen the day, Luckie, when worthy Mr.
Cuffcushion and the service-book would hae served your turn (to the
elder dame), or ony honest woman in like circumstances.\x94

\x93And that\x92s true too,\x94 said Mrs. Lightbody, \x93but what can a body do?
Jean maun baith sing her psalms and busk her cockernony the gate the
gudeman likes, and nae ither gate; for he\x92s maister and mair at hame, I
can tell ye, Mr. Balderstone.\x94

\x93Ay, ay, and does he guide the gear too?\x94 said Caleb, to whose projects
masculine rule boded little good. \x93Ilka penny on\x92t; but he\x92ll dress her
as dink as a daisy, as ye see; sae she has little reason to complain:
where there\x92s ane better aff there\x92s ten waur.\x94

\x93Aweel, gudewife,\x94 said Caleb, crestfallen, but not beaten off, \x93that
wasna the way ye guided your gudeman; bt ilka land has its ain lauch.
I maun be ganging. I just wanted to round in the gudeman\x92s lug, that I
heard them say up-bye yonder that Peter Puncheon, that was cooper to the
Queen\x92s stores at the Timmer Burse at Leith, is dead; sae I though that
maybe a word frae my lord to the Lord Keeper might hae served Gilbert;
but since he\x92s frae hame----\x94

\x93O, but ye maun stay his hame-coming,\x94 said the dame. \x93I aye telled
the gudeman ye meant weel to him; but he taks the tout at every bit
lippening word.\x94

\x93Aweel, I\x92ll stay the last minute I can.\x94

\x93And so,\x94 said the handsome young spouse of Mr. Girder, \x93ye think this
Miss Ashton is weel-favoured? Troth, and sae should she, to set up for
our young lord, with a face and a hand, and a seat on his horse, that
might become a king\x92s son. D\x92ye ken that he aye glowers up at my window,
Mr. Balderstone, when he chaunces to ride thro\x92 the town? Sae I hae a
right to ken what like he is, as weel as ony body.\x94

\x93I ken that brawly,\x94 said Caleb, \x93for I hae heard his lordship say the
cooper\x92s wife had the blackest ee in the barony; and I said, \x91Weel may
that be, my lord, for it was her mither\x92s afore her, as I ken to my
cost.\x92 Eh, Marion? Ha, ha, ha! Ah! these were merry days!\x94

\x93Hout awa\x92, auld carle,\x94 said the old dame, \x93to speak sic daffing to
young folk. But, Jean--fie, woman, dinna ye hear the bairn greet? I\x92se
warrant it\x92s that dreary weid has come ower\x92t again.\x94

Up got mother and grandmother, and scoured away, jostling each other as
they ran, into some remote corner of the tenement, where the young hero
of the evening was deposited. When Caleb saw the coast fairly clear,
he took an invigorating pinch of snuff, to sharpen and confirm his

\x93Cauld be my cast,\x94 thought he, \x93if either Bide-the-Bent or Girder taste
that broach of wild-fowl this evening\x94; and then addressing the eldest
turnspit, a boy of about eleven years old, and putting a penny into his
hand, he said, \x93Here is twal pennies, my man; carry that ower to Mrs.
Sma\x92trash, and bid her fill my mill wi\x92 snishing, and I\x92ll turn the
broche for ye in the mean time; and she will gie ye a ginge-bread snap
for your pains.\x94

No sooner was the elder boy departed on this mission than Caleb, looking
the remaining turnspit gravely and steadily in the face, removed from
the fire the spit bearing the wild-fowl of which he had undertaken the
charge, clapped his hat on his head, and fairly marched off with it,
he stopped at the door of the change-house only to say, in a few brief
words, that Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw was not to expect a bed that evening
in the castle.

If this message was too briefly delivered by Caleb, it became absolute
rudeness when conveyed through the medium of a suburb landlady; and
Bucklaw was, as a more calm and temperate man might have been, highly
incensed. Captain Craigengelt proposed, with the unanimous applause of
all present, that they should course the old fox (meaning Caleb) ere he
got to cover, and toss him in a blanket. But Lockhard intimated to
his master\x92s servants and those of Lord Bittlebrains, in a tone of
authority, that the slightest impertinence to the Master of Ravenswood\x92s
domestic would give Sir William Ashton the highest offence. And having
so said, in a manner sufficient to prevent any aggression on their part,
he left the public-house, taking along with him two servants loaded with
such provisions as he had been able to procure, and overtook Caleb just
when he had cleared the village.


     Should I take aught of you? \x91Tis true I begged now;
     And what is worse than that, I stole a kindness;
     And, what is worst of all, I lost my way in\x92t.

     Wit Without Money.

THE face of the little boy, sole witness of Caleb\x92s infringement upon
the laws at once of property and hospitality, would have made a good
picture. He sat motionless, as if he had witnessed some of the spectral
appearances which he had heard told of in a winter\x92s evening; and as he
forgot his own duty, and allowed his spit to stand still, he added to
the misfortunes of the evening by suffering the mutton to burn as black
as a coal. He was first recalled from his trance of astonishment by
a hearty cuff administered by Dame Lightbody, who, in whatever other
respects she might conform to her name, was a woman strong of person,
and expert in the use of her hands, as some say her deceased husband had
known to his cost.

\x93What garr\x92d ye let the roast burn, ye ill-clerkit gude-for-nought?\x94

\x93I dinna ken,\x94 said the boy.

\x93And where\x92s that ill-deedy gett, Giles?\x94

\x93I dinna ken,\x94 blubbered the astonished declarant.

\x93And where\x92s Mr. Balderstone?--and abune a\x92, and in the name of council
and kirk-session, that I suld say sae, where\x92s the broche wi\x92 the
wild-fowl?\x94 As Mrs. Girder here entered, and joined her mother\x92s
exclamations, screaming into one ear while the old lady deafened the
other, they succeeded in so utterly confounding the unhappy urchin, that
he could not for some time tell his story at all, and it was only when
the elder boy returned that the truth began to dawn on their minds.

\x93Weel, sirs!\x94 said Mrs. Lightbody, \x93wha wad hae thought o\x92 Caleb
Balderstone playing an auld acquaintance sic a pliskie!\x94

\x93Oh, weary on him!\x94 said the spouse of Mr. Girder; \x93and what am I to
say to the gudeman? He\x92ll brain me, if there wasna anither woman in a\x92
Wolf\x92s Hope.\x94

\x93Hout tout, silly quean,\x94 said the mother; \x93na, na, it\x92s come to muckle,
but it\x92s no come to that neither; for an he brain you he maun brain me,
and I have garr\x92d his betters stand back. Hands aff is fair play; we
maunna heed a bit flyting.\x94

The tramp of horses now announced the arrival of the cooper, with the
minister. They had no sooner dismounted than they made for the kitchen
fire, for the evening was cool after the thunderstorm, and the woods wet
and dirty. The young gudewife, strong in the charms of her Sunday gown
and biggonets, threw herself in the way of receiving the first attack,
while her mother, like the veteran division of the Roman legion,
remained in the rear, ready to support her in case of necessity. Both
hoped to protract the discovery of what had happened--the mother, by
interposing her bustling person betwixt Mr. Girder and the fire, and the
daughter, by the extreme cordiality with which she received the minister
and her husband, and the anxious fears which she expressed lest they
should have \x93gotten cauld.\x94 \x93Cauld!\x94 quoted the husband, surlily, for he
was not of that class of lords and masters whose wives are viceroys
over them, \x93we\x92ll be cauld eneugh, I think, if ye dinna let us in to the

And so saying, he burst his way through both lines of defence; and, as
he had a careful eye over his property of every kind, he perceived at
one glance the absence of the spit with its savoury burden. \x93What the
deil, woman----\x94

\x93Fie for shame!\x94 exclaimed both the women; \x93and before Mr.

\x93I stand reproved,\x94 said the cooper; \x93but--\x94

\x93The taking in our mouths the name of the great enemy of our souls,\x94
 said Mr. Bide-the-Bent--

\x93I stand reproved,\x94 said the cooper.

\x93--Is an exposing ourselves to his temptations,\x94 continued the reverend
monitor, \x93and in inviting, or, in some sort, a compelling, of him to lay
aside his other trafficking with unhappy persons, and wait upon those in
whose speech his name is frequent.\x94

\x93Weel, weel, Mr. Bide-the-Bent, can a man do mair than stand reproved?\x94
 said the cooper; \x93but jest let me ask the women what for they hae dished
the wild-fowl before we came.\x94

\x93They arena dished, Gilbert,\x94 said his wife; \x93but--but an accident----\x94

\x93What accident?\x94 said Girder, with flashing eyes. \x93Nae ill come ower
them, I trust? Uh?\x94

His wife, who stood much in awe of him, durst not reply, but her mother
bustled up to her support, with arms disposed as if they were about to
be a-kimbo at the next reply.--\x93I gied them to an acquaintance of mine,
Gibbie Girder; and what about it now?\x94

Her excess of assurance struck Girder mute for an instant. \x93And YE gied
the wild-fowl, the best end of our christening dinner, to a friend of
yours, ye auld rudas! And what might HIS name be, I pray ye?\x94

\x93Just worthy Mr. Caleb Balderstone--frae Wolf\x92s Crag,\x94 answered Marion,
prompt and prepared for battle.

Girder\x92s wrath foamed over all restraint. If there was a circumstance
which could have added to the resentment he felt, it was that this
extravagant donation had been made in favour of our friend Caleb,
towards whom, for reasons to which the reader is no stranger, he
nourished a decided resentment. He raised his riding-wand against the
elder matron, but she stood firm, collected in herself, and undauntedly
brandished the iron ladle with which she had just been \x93flambing\x94
 (Anglice, basting) the roast of mutton. Her weapon was certainly the
better, and her arm not the weakest of the two; so that Gilbert thought
it safest to turn short off upon his wife, who had by this time hatched
a sort of hysterical whine, which greatly moved the minister, who was in
fact as simple and kind-hearted a creature as ever breathed. \x93And you,
ye thowless jade, to sit still and see my substance disponed upon to
an idle, drunken, reprobate, worm-eaten serving-man, just because he
kittles the lugs o\x92 a silly auld wife wi\x92 useless clavers, and every twa
words a lee? I\x92ll gar you as gude----\x94

Here the minister interposed, both by voice and action, while Dame
Lightbody threw herself in front of her daughter, and flourished her

\x93Am I no to chastise my ain wife?\x94 exclaimed the cooper very

\x93Ye may chastise your ain wife if ye like,\x94 answered Dame Lightbody;
\x93but ye shall never lay finger on my daughter, and that ye may found
upon.\x94 \x93For shame, Mr. Girder!\x94 said the clergyman; \x93this is what I
little expected to have seen of you, that you suld give rein to your
sinful passions against your nearest and your dearest, and this night
too, when ye are called to the most solemn duty of a Christian parent;
and a\x92 for what? For a redundancy of creature-comforts, as worthless as
they are unneedful.\x94

\x93Worthless!\x94 exclaimed the cooper. \x93A better guse never walkit on
stubble; two finer, dentier wild ducks never wat a feather.\x94

\x93Be it sae, neighbour,\x94 rejoined the minister; \x93but see what
superfluities are yet revolving before your fire. I have seen the day
when ten of the bannocks which stand upon that board would have been an
acceptable dainty to as many men, that were starving on hills and bogs,
and in caves of the earth, for the Gospel\x92s sake.\x94

\x93And that\x92s what vexes me maist of a\x92,\x94 said the cooper, anxious to get
some one to sympathise with his not altogether causeless anger; \x93an the
quean had gien it to ony suffering sant, or to ony body ava but that
reaving, lying, oppressing Tory villain, that rade in the wicked troop
of militia when it was commanded out against the sants at Bothwell Brig
by the auld tyrant Allan Ravenswood, that is gane to his place, I wad
the less hae minded it. But to gie the principal parts o\x92 the feast to
the like o\x92 him----!\x94

\x93Aweel, Gilbert,\x94 said the minister, \x93and dinna ye see a high judgment
in this? The seed of the righteous are not seen begging their bread:
think of the son of a powerful oppressor being brought to the pass of
supporting his household from your fulness.\x94

\x93And, besides,\x94 said the wife, \x93it wasna for Lord Ravenswood neither,
an he wad hear but a body speak: it was to help to entertain the Lord
Keeper, as they ca\x92 him, that\x92s up yonder at Wolf\x92s Crag.\x94

\x93Sir William Ashton at Wolf\x92s Crag!\x94 ejaculated the astonished man of
hoops and staves.

\x93And hand and glove wi\x92 Lord Ravenswood,\x94 added Dame Lightbody.

\x93Doited idiot! that auld, clavering sneckdrawer wad gar ye trow the moon
is made of green cheese. The Lord Keeper and Ravenswood! they are cat
and dog, hare and hound.\x94

\x93I tell ye they are man and wife, and gree better than some others that
are sae,\x94 retorted the mother-in-law; \x93forbye, Peter Puncheon, that\x92s
cooper the Queen\x92s stores, is dead, and the place is to fill, and----\x94

\x93Od guide us, wull ye haud your skirling tongues!\x94 said Girder,--for
we are to remark, that this explanation was given like a catch for two
voices, the younger dame, much encouraged by the turn of the debate,
taking up and repeating in a higher tone the words as fast as they were
uttered by her mother.

\x93The gudewife says naething but what\x92s true, maister,\x94 said Girder\x92s
foreman, who had come in during the fray. \x93I saw the Lord Keeper\x92s
servants drinking and driving ower at Luckie Sma\x92trash\x92s, ower-bye

\x93And is their maister up at Wolf\x92s Crag?\x94 said Girder.

\x93Ay, troth is he,\x94 replied his man of confidence.

\x93And friends wi\x92 Ravenswood?\x94

\x93It\x92s like sae,\x94 answered the foreman, \x93since he is putting up wi\x92 him.\x94

\x93And Peter Puncheon\x92s dead?\x94

\x93Ay, ay, Puncheon has leaked out at last, the auld carle,\x94 said the
foreman; \x93mony a dribble o\x92 brandy has gaen through him in his day. But
as for the broche and the wild-fowl, the saddle\x92s no aff your mare yet,
maister, and I could follow and bring it back, for Mr. Balderstone\x92s no
far aff the town yet.\x94

\x93Do sae, Will; and come here, I\x92ll tell ye what to do when ye owertake

He relieved the females of his presence, and gave Will his private

\x93A bonny-like thing,\x94 said the mother-in-law, as the cooper re-entered
the apartment, \x93to send the innocent lad after an armed man, when ye ken
Mr. Balderstone aye wears a rapier, and whiles a dirk into the bargain.\x94

\x93I trust,\x94 said the minister, \x93ye have reflected weel on what ye have
done, lest you should minister cause of strife, of which it is my duty
to say, he who affordeth matter, albeit he himself striketh not, is in
no manner guiltless.\x94

\x93Never fash your beard, Mr. Bide-the-Bent,\x94 replied Girder; \x93ane canna
get their breath out here between wives and ministers. I ken best how to
turn my ain cake. Jean, serve up the dinner, and nae mair about it.\x94

Nor did he again allude to the deficiency in the course of the evening.

Meantime, the foreman, mounted on his master\x92s steed, and charged with
his special orders, pricked swiftly forth in pursuit of the marauder
Caleb. That personage, it may be imagined, did not linger by the way. He
intermitted even his dearly-beloved chatter, for the purpose of making
more haste, only assuring Mr. Lockhard that he had made the purveyor\x92s
wife give the wild-fowl a few turns before the fire, in case that
Mysie, who had been so much alarmed by the thunder, should not have her
kitchen-grate in full splendour. Meanwhile, alleging the necessity of
being at Wolf\x92s Crag as soon as possible, he pushed on so fast that his
companions could scarce keep up with him. He began already to think he
was safe from pursuit, having gained the summit of the swelling eminence
which divides Wolf\x92s Crag from the village, when he heard the distant
tread of a horse, and a voice which shouted at intervals, \x93Mr.
Caleb--Mr. Balderstone--Mr. Caleb Balderstone--hollo--bide a wee!\x94

Caleb, it may be well believed, was in no hurry to acknowledge the
summons. First, he would not heart it, and faced his companions down,
that it was the echo of the wind; then he said it was not worth stopping
for; and, at length, halting reluctantly, as the figure of the horseman
appeared through the shades of the evening, he bent up his whole soul
to the task of defending his prey, threw himself into an attitude of
dignity, advanced the spit, which is his grasp might with its burden
seem both spear and shield, and firmly resolved to die rather than
surrender it.

What was his astonishment, when the cooper\x92s foreman, riding up and
addressing him with respect, told him: \x93His master was very sorry he was
absent when he came to his dwelling, and grieved that he could not tarry
the christening dinner; and that he had taen the freedom to send a sma\x92
runlet of sack, and ane anker of brandy, as he understood there were
guests at the castle, and that they were short of preparation.\x94

I have heard somewhere a story of an elderly gentleman who was pursued
by a bear that had gotten loose from its muzzle, until completely
exhausted. In a fit of desperation, he faced round upon Bruin and lifted
his cane; at the sight of which the instinct of discipline prevailed,
and the animal, instead of tearing him to pieces, rose up upon his
hind-legs and instantly began to shuffle a saraband. Not less than the
joyful surprise of the senior, who had supposed himself in the extremity
of peril from which he was thus unexpectedly relieved, was that of our
excellent friend Caleb, when he found the pursuer intended to add to
his prize, instead of bereaving him of it. He recovered his latitude,
however, instantly, so soon as the foreman, stooping from his nag, where
he sate perched betwixt the two barrels, whispered in his ear: \x93If
ony thing about Peter Puncheon\x92s place could be airted their way, John
[Gibbie] Girder wad mak it better to the Master of Ravenswood than
a pair of new gloves; and that he wad be blythe to speak wi\x92 Maister
Balderstone on that head, and he wad find him as pliant as a hoop-willow
in a\x92 that he could wish of him.\x94

Caleb heard all this without rendering any answer, except that of all
great men from Louis XIV. downwards, namely, \x93We will see about it\x94; and
then added aloud, for the edification of Mr. Lockhard: \x93Your master has
acted with becoming civility and attention in forwarding the liquors,
and I will not fail to represent it properly to my Lord Ravenswood. And,
my lad,\x94 he said, \x93you may ride on to the castle, and if none of the
servants are returned, whilk is to be dreaded, as they make day and
night of it when they are out of sight, ye may put them into the
porter\x92s lodge, whilk is on the right hand of the great entry; the
porter has got leave to go to see his friends, sae ye will met no ane to
steer ye.\x94

The foreman, having received his orders, rode on; and having deposited
the casks in the deserted and ruinous porter\x92s lodge, he returned
unquestioned by any one. Having thus executed his master\x92s commission,
and doffed his bonnet to Caleb and his company as he repassed them in
his way to the village, he returned to have his share of the christening


     As, to the Autumn breeze\x92s bugle sound,
     Various and vague the dry leaves dance their round;
     Or, from the garner-door, on ether borne,
     The chaff flies devious from the winnow\x92d corn;
     So vague, so devious, at the breath of heaven,
     From their fix\x92d aim are mortal counsels driv\x92n.


WE left Caleb Balderstone in the extremity of triumph at the success of
his various achievements for the honour of the house of Ravenswood. When
he had mustered and marshalled his dishes of divers kinds, a more royal
provision had not been seen in Wolf\x92s Crag since the funeral feast
of its deceased lord. Great was the glory of the serving-man, as he
\x93decored\x94 the old oaken table with a clean cloth, and arranged upon it
carbonaded venison and roasted wild-fowl, with a glance, every now and
then, as if to upbraid the incredulity of his master and his guests; and
with many a story, more or less true, was Lockhard that evening regaled
concerning the ancient grandeur of Wolf\x92s Crag, and the sway of its
barons over the country in their neighbourhood.

\x93A vassal scarce held a calf or a lamb his ain, till he had first
asked if the Lord of Ravenswood was pleased to accept it; and they were
obliged to ask the lord\x92s consent before they married in these days,
and mony a merry tale they tell about that right as weel as others. And
although,\x94 said Caleb, \x93these times are not like the gude auld times,
when authority had its right, yet true it is, Mr. Lockhard, and you
yoursell may partly have remarked, that we of the house of Ravenswood
do our endeavour in keeping up, by all just and lawful exertion of our
baronial authority, that due and fitting connexion betwixt superior and
vassal, whilk is in some danger of falling into desuetude, owing to the
general license and misrule of these present unhappy times.\x94

\x93Umph!\x94 said Mr. Lockhard; \x93and if I may inquire, Mr. Balderstone, pray
do you find your people at the village yonder amenable? for I must needs
say, that at Ravenswood Castle, now pertaining to my master the Lord
Keeper, ye have not left behind ye the most compliant set of tenantry.\x94

\x93Ah! but Mr. Lockhard,\x94 replied Caleb, \x93ye must consider there has been
a change of hands, and the auld lord might expect twa turns frae them,
when the new-comer canna get ane. A dour and fractious set they were,
thae tenants of Ravenswood, and ill to live wi\x92 when they dinna ken
their master; and if your master put them mad ance, the whole country
will not put them down.\x94

\x93Troth,\x94 said Mr. Lockhard, \x93an such be the case, I think the wisest
thing for us a\x92 wad be to hammer up a match between your young lord and
our winsome young leddy up-bye there; and Sir William might just stitch
your auld barony to her gown-sleeve, and he wad sune cuitle another out
o\x92 somebody else, sic a lang head as he has.\x94

Caleb shook his head. \x93I wish,\x94 he said--\x93I wish that may answer, Mr.
Lockhard. There are auld prophecies about this house I wad like ill to
see fulfilled wi\x92 my auld een, that has seen evil eneugh already.\x94

\x93Pshaw! never mind freits,\x94 said his brother butler; \x93if the young folk
liked ane anither, they wad make a winsome couple. But, to say truth,
there is a leddy sits in our hall-neuk, maun have her hand in that as
weel as in every other job. But there\x92s no harm in drinking to their
healths, and I will fill Mrs. Mysie a cup of Mr. Girder\x92s canary.\x94

While they thus enjoyed themselves in the kitchen, the company in
the hall were not less pleasantly engaged. So soon as Ravenswood had
determined upon giving the Lord Keeper such hospitality as he had to
offer, he deemed it incumbent on him to assume the open and courteous
brow of a well-pleased host. It has been often remarked, that when a man
commences by acting a character, he frequently ends by adopting it in
good earnest. In the course of an hour or two, Ravenswood, to his own
surprise, found himself in the situation of one who frankly does his
best to entertain welcome and honoured guests. How much of this change
in his disposition was to be ascribed to the beauty and simplicity of
Miss Ashton, to the readiness with which she accommodated herself to the
inconveniences of her situation; how much to the smooth and plausible
conversation of the Lord Keeper, remarkably gifted with those words
which win the ear, must be left to the reader\x92s ingenuity to conjecture.
But Ravenswood was insensible to neither.

The Lord Keeper was a veteran statesman, well acquainted with courts
and cabinets, and intimate with all the various turns of public affairs
during the last eventful years of the 17th century. He could talk, from
his own knowledge, of men and events, in a way which failed not to win
attention, and had the peculiar art, while he never said a word which
committed himself, at the same time to persuade the hearer that he was
speaking without the least shadow of scrupulous caution or reserve.
Ravenswood, in spite of his prejudices and real grounds of resentment,
felt himself at once amused and instructed in listening to him, while
the statesman, whose inward feelings had at first so much impeded his
efforts to make himself known, had now regained all the ease and fluency
of a silver-tongued lawyer of the very highest order.

His daughter did not speak much, but she smiled; and what she did say
argued a submissive gentleness, and a desire to give pleasure, which,
to a proud man like Ravenswood, was more fascinating than the most
brilliant wit. Above all, he could not be observe that, whether from
gratitude or from some other motive, he himself, in his deserted and
unprovided hall, was as much the object of respectful attention to his
guests as he would have been when surrounded by all the appliances and
means of hospitality proper to his high birth. All deficiencies passed
unobserved, or, if they did not escape notice, it was to praise the
substitutes which Caleb had contrived to supply the want of the
usual accommodations. Where a smile was unavoidable, it was a very
good-humoured one, and often coupled with some well-turned compliment,
to show how much the guests esteemed the merits of their noble host,
how little they thought of the inconveniences with which they
were surrounded. I am not sure whether the pride of being found to
outbalance, in virtue of his own personal merit, all the disadvantages
of fortune, did not make as favourable an impression upon the haughty
heart of the Master of Ravenswood as the conversation of the father and
the beauty of Lucy Ashton.

The hour of repose arrived. The Keeper and his daughter retired to their
apartments, which were \x93decored\x94 more properly than could have been
anticipated. In making the necessary arrangements, Mysie had indeed
enjoyed the assistance of a gossip who had arrived from the village upon
an exploratory expedition, but had been arrested by Caleb, and impressed
into the domestic drudgery of the evening; so that, instead of returning
home to describe the dress and person of the grand young lady, she found
herself compelled to be active in the domestic economy of Wolf\x92s Crag.

According to the custom of the time, the Master of Ravenswood attended
the Lord Keeper to his apartment, followed by Caleb, who placed on the
table, with all the ceremonials due to torches of wax, two rudely-framed
tallow-candles, such as in those days were only used by the peasantry,
hooped in paltry clasps of wire, which served for candlesticks. He then
disappeared, and presently entered with two earthen flagons (the china,
he said, had been little used since my lady\x92s time), one filled with
canary wine, the other with brandy. The canary sack, unheeding all
probabilities of detection, he declared had been twenty years in the
cellars of Wolf\x92s Crag, \x93though it was not for him to speak before their
honours; the brandy--it was weel-kenn\x92d liquor, as mild as mead and as
strong as Sampson; it had been in the house ever since the memorable
revel, in which auld Micklestob had been slain at the head of the stair
by Jamie of Jenklebrae, on account of the honour of the worshipful Lady
Muirend, wha was in some sort an ally of the family; natheless----\x94

\x93But to cut that matter short, Mr. Caleb,\x94 said the Keeper, \x93perhaps you
will favour me with a ewer of water.\x94

\x93God forbid your lordship should drink water in this family,\x94 replied
Caleb, \x93to the disgrace of so honourable an house!\x94

\x93Nevertheless, if his lordship have a fancy,\x94 said the Master, smiling,
\x93I think you might indulge him; for, if I mistake not, there has been
water drank here at no distant date, and with good relish too.\x94

\x93To be sure, if his lordship has a fancy,\x94 said Caleb; and re-entering
with a jug of pure element--\x93He will scarce find such water onywhere as
is drawn frae the well at Wolf\x92s Crag; nevertheless----\x94

\x93Nevertheless, we must leave the Lord Keeper to his repose in this
poor chamber of ours,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, interrupting
his talkative domestic, who immediately turning to the doorway, with
a profound reverence, prepared to usher his master from the secret

But the Lord Keeper prevented his host\x92s departure.--\x93I have but one
word to say to the Master of Ravenswood, Mr. Caleb, and I fancy he will
excuse your waiting.\x94

With a second reverence, lower than the former, Caleb withdrew; and his
master stood motionless, expecting, with considerable embarrassment,
what was to close the events of a day fraught with unexpected incidents.

\x93Master of Ravenswood,\x94 said Sir William Ashton, with some
embarrassment, \x93I hope you understand the Christian law too well to
suffer the sun to set upon your anger.\x94

The Master blushed and replied, \x93He had no occasion that evening to
exercise the duty enjoined upon him by his Christian faith.\x94

\x93I should have thought otherwise,\x94 said his guest, \x93considering the
various subjects of dispute and litigation which have unhappily occurred
more frequently than was desirable or necessary betwixt the late
honourable lord, your father, and myself.\x94

\x93I could wish, my lord,\x94 said Ravenswood, agitated by suppressed
emotion, \x93that reference to these circumstances should be made anywhere
rather than under my father\x92s roof.\x94

\x93I should have felt the delicacy of this appeal at another time,\x94 said
Sir William Ashton, \x93but now I must proceed with what I mean to say.
I have suffered too much in my own mind, from the false delicacy which
prevented my soliciting with earnestness, what indeed I frequently
requested, a personal communing with your father: much distress of mind
to him and to me might have been prevented.\x94

\x93It is true,\x94 said Ravenswood, after a moment\x92s reflection, \x93I have
heard my father say your lordship had proposed a personal interview.\x94

\x93Proposed, my dear Master? I did indeed propose it; but I ought to have
begged, entreated, beseeched it. I ought to have torn away the veil,
which interested persons had stretched betwixt us, and shown myself as
I was, willing to sacrifice a considerable part even of my legal rights,
in order to conciliate feelings so natural as his must be allowed to
have been. Let me say for myself, my young friend, for so I will call
you, that had your father and I spent the same time together which
my good fortune has allowed me to-day to pass in your company, it is
possible the land might yet have enjoyed one of the most respectable of
its ancient nobility, and I should have been spared the pain of parting
in enmity from a person whose general character I so much admired and

He put his handkerchief to his eyes. Ravenswood also was moved, but
awaited in silence the progress of this extraordinary communication.

\x93It is necessary,\x94 continued the Lord Keeper, \x93and proper that you
should understand, that there have been many points betwixt us, in
which, although I judged it proper that there should be an exact
ascertainment of my legal rights by the decree of a court of justice,
yet it was never my intention to press them beyond the verge of equity.\x94

\x93My lord,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, \x93it is unnecessary to pursue
this topic farther. What the law will give you, or has given you, you
enjoy--or you shall enjoy; neither my father nor I myself would have
received anything on the footing of favour.\x94

\x93Favour! No, you misunderstand me,\x94 resumed the Keeper; \x93or rather you
are no lawyer. A right may be good in law, and ascertained to be so,
which yet a man of honour may not in every case care to avail himself

\x93I am sorry for it, my lord,\x94 said the Master.

\x93Nay, nay,\x94 retorted his guest, \x93you speak like a young counsellor;
your spirit goes before your wit. There are many things still open for
decision betwixt us. Can you blame me, an old man desirous of peace, and
in the castle of a young nobleman who has saved my daughter\x92s life and
my own, that I am desirous, anxiously desirous, that these should be
settled on the most liberal principles?\x94 The old man kept fast hold of
the Master\x92s passive hand as he spoke, and made it impossible for him,
be his predetermination what it would, to return any other than an
acquiescent reply; and wishing his guest good-night, he postponed
farther conference until the next morning.

Ravenswood hurried into the hall, where he was to spend the night, and
for a time traversed its pavement with a disordered and rapid pace.
His mortal foe was under his roof, yet his sentiments towards him were
neither those of a feudal enemy nor of a true Christian. He felt as if
he could neither forgive him in the one character, nor follow forth his
vengeance in the other, but that he was making a base and dishonourable
composition betwixt his resentment against the father and his affection
for his daughter. He cursed himself, as he hurried to and fro in the
pale moonlight, and more ruddy gleams of the expiring wood-fire. He
threw open and shut the latticed windows with violence, as if alike
impatient of the admission and exclusion of free air. At length,
however, the torrent of passion foamed off its madness, and he flung
himself into the chair which he proposed as his place of repose for the

\x93If, in reality,\x94 such were the calmer thoughts that followed the first
tempest of his passion--\x93if, in reality, this man desires no more than
the law allows him--if he is willing to adjust even his acknowledged
rights upon an equitable footing, what could be my father\x92s cause of
complaint?--what is mine? Those from who we won our ancient possessions
fell under the sword of my ancestors, and left lands and livings to the
conquerors; we sink under the force of the law, now too powerful for the
Scottish cavalry. Let us parley with the victors of the day, as if we
had been besieged in our fortress, and without hope of relief. This
man may be other than I have thought him; and his daughter--but I have
resolved not to think of her.\x94

He wrapt his cloak around him, fell asleep, and dreamed of Lucy Ashton
till daylight gleamed through the lattices.


     We worldly men, when we see friends and kinsmen
     Past hope sunk in their fortunes, lend no hand
     To lift them up, but rather set our feet
     Upon their heads to press them to the bottom,
     As I must yield with you I practised it;
     But now I see you in a way to rise,
     I can and will assist you.

     New Way to Pay Old Debts.

THE Lord Keeper carried with him, to a couch harder than he was
accustomed to stretch himself upon, the same ambitious thoughts and
political perplexities which drive sleep from the softest down that ever
spread a bed of state. He had sailed long enough amid the contending
tides and currents of the time to be sensible of their peril, and of
the necessity of trimming his vessel to the prevailing wind, if he would
have her escape shipwreck in the storm. The nature of his talents, and
the timorousness of disposition connected with them, had made him assume
the pliability of the versatile old Earl of Northampton, who explained
the art by which he kept his ground during all the changes of state,
from the reign of Henry VIII. to that of Elizabeth, by the frank avowal,
that he was born of the willow, not of the oak. It had accordingly been
Sir William Ashton\x92s policy, on all occasions, to watch the changes
in the political horizon, and, ere yet the conflict was decided, to
negotiate some interest for himself with the party most likely to prove
victorious. His time-serving disposition was well-known, and excited the
contempt of the more daring leaders of both factions in the state. But
his talents were of a useful and practical kind, and his legal
knowledge held in high estimation; and they so far counterbalanced other
deficiencies that those in power were glad to use and to reward, though
without absolutely trusting or greatly respecting, him.

The Marquis of A---- had used his utmost influence to effect a change in
the Scottish cabinet, and his schemes had been of late so well laid
and so ably supported, that there appeared a very great chance of his
proving ultimately successful. He did not, however, feel so strong or so
confident as to neglect any means of drawing recruits to his standard.
The acquisition of the Lord Keeper was deemed of some importance, and
a friend, perfectly acquainted with his circumstances and character,
became responsible for his political conversion.

When this gentleman arrived at Ravenswood Castle upon a visit, the real
purpose of which was disguised under general courtesy, he found the
prevailing fear which at present beset the Lord Keeper was that of
danger to his own person from the Master of Ravenswood. The language
which the blind sibyl, Old Alice, had used; the sudden appearance of the
Master, armed, and within his precincts, immediately after he had been
warned against danger from him; the cold and haughty return received in
exchange for the acknowledgments with which he loaded him for his timely
protection, had all made a strong impression on his imagination.

So soon as the Marquis\x92s political agent found how the wind sate,
he began to insinuate fears and doubts of another kind, scarce less
calculated to affect the Lord Keeper. He inquired with seeming interest,
whether the proceedings in Sir William\x92s complicated litigation with the
Ravenswood family were out of court, and settled without the possibility
of appeal. The Lord Keeper answered in the affirmative; but his
interrogator was too well informed to be imposed upon. He pointed out to
him, by unanswerable arguments, that some of the most important points
which had been decided in his favour against the house of Ravenswood
were liable, under the Treaty of Union, to be reviewed by the British
House of Peers, a court of equity of which the Lord Keeper felt an
instinctive dread. This course came instead of an appeal to the old
Scottish Parliament, or, as it was technically termed, \x93a protestation
for remeid in law.\x94

The Lord Keeper, after he had for some time disputed the legality of
such a proceeding, was compelled, at length, to comfort himself with
the improbability of the young Master of Ravenswood\x92s finding friends in
parliament capable of stirring in so weighty an affair.

\x93Do not comfort yourself with that false hope,\x94 said his wily friend;
\x93it is possible that, in the next session of Parliament, young
Ravenswood may find more friends and favour even than your lordship.\x94

\x93That would be a sight worth seeing,\x94 said the Keeper, scornfully.

\x93And yet,\x94 said his friend, \x93such things have been seen ere now, and in
our own time. There are many at the head of affairs even now that a few
years ago were under hiding for their lives; and many a man now dines
on plate of silver that was fain to eat his crowdy without a bicker; and
many a high head has been brought full low among us in as short a space.
Scott of Scotsarvet\x92s Staggering State of Scots Statesmen, of which
curious memoir you showed me a manuscript, has been outstaggered in our

The Lord Keeper answered with a deep sigh, \x93That these mutations were no
new sights in Scotland, and had been witnessed long before the time of
the satirical author he had quoted. It was many a long year,\x94 he said,
\x93since Fordun had quoted as an ancient proverb, \x91Neque dives, neque
fortis, sed nec sapiens Scotus, praedominante invidia, diu durabit in

\x93And be assured, my esteemed friend,\x94 was the answer, \x93that even your
long services to the state, or deep legal knowledge, will not save you,
or render your estate stable, if the Marquis of A---- comes in with
a party in the British Parliament. You know that the deceased Lord
Ravenswood was his near ally, his lady being fifth in descent from the
Knight of Tillibardine; and I am well assured that he will take young
Ravenswood by the hand, and be his very good lord and kinsman. Why
should he not? The Master is an active and stirring young fellow, able
to help himself with tongue and hands; and it is such as he that
finds friends among their kindred, and not those unarmed and unable
Mephibosheths that are sure to be a burden to every one that takes them
up. And so, if these Ravenswood cases be called over the coals in the
House of Peers, you will find that the Marquis will have a crow to pluck
with you.\x94

\x93That would be an evil requital,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93for my long
services to the state, and the ancient respect in which I have held his
lordship\x92s honourable family and person.\x94

\x93Ay, but,\x94 rejoined the agent of the Marquis, \x93it is in vain to look
back on past service and auld respect, my lord; it will be present
service and immediate proofs of regard which, in these sliddery times,
will be expected by a man like the Marquis.\x94

The Lord Keeper now saw the full drift of his friend\x92s argument, but he
was too cautious to return any positive answer.

\x93He knew not,\x94 he said, \x93the service which the Lord Marquis could expect
from one of his limited abilities, that had not always stood at his
command, still saving and reserving his duty to his king and country.\x94

Having thus said nothing, while he seemed to say everything, for the
exception was calculated to cover whatever he might afterwards think
proper to bring under it, Sir William Ashton changed the conversation,
nor did he again permit the same topic to be introduced. His guest
departed, without having brought the wily old statesman the length
of committing himself, or of pledging himself to any future line of
conduct, but with the certainty that he had alarmed his fears in a most
sensible point, and laid a foundation for future and farther treaty.

When he rendered an account of his negotiation to the Marquis, they
both agreed that the Keeper ought not to be permitted to relapse into
security, and that he should be plied with new subjects of alarm,
especially during the absence of his lady. They were well aware that her
proud, vindictive, and predominating spirit would be likely to supply
him with the courage in which he was deficient; that she was immovably
attached to the party now in power, with whom she maintained a close
correspondence and alliance; and that she hated, without fearing, the
Ravenswood family (whose more ancient dignity threw discredit on the
newly acquired grandeur of her husband) to such a degree that she would
have perilled the interest of her own house to have the prospect of
altogether crushing that of her enemy.

But Lady Ashton was now absent. The business which had long detained her
in Edinburgh had afterwards induced her to travel to London, not without
the hope that she might contribute her share to disconcert the
intrigues of the Marquis at court; for she stood high in favour with
the celebrated Sarah Duchesss of Marlborough, to whom, in point of
character, she bore considerable resemblance. It was necessary to press
her husband hard before her return; and, as a preparatory step, the
Marquis wrote to the Master of Ravenswood the letter which we rehearsed
in a former chapter. It was cautiously worded, so as to leave it in the
power of the writer hereafter to take as deep or as slight an interest
in the fortunes of his kinsmen as the progress of his own schemes might
require. But however unwilling, as a statesman, the Marquis might be
to commit himself, or assume the character of a patron, while he had
nothing to give away, it must be said to his honour that he felt a
strong inclination effectually to befriend the Master of Ravenswood, as
well as to use his name as a means of alarming the terrors of the Lord

As the messenger who carried this letter was to pass near the house of
the Lord Keeper, he had it in direction that, in the village adjoining
to the park-gate of the castle, his horse should lose a shoe, and that,
while it was replaced by the smith of the place, he should express the
utmost regret for the necessary loss of time, and in the vehemence of
his impatience give it to be understood that he was bearing a message
from the Marquis of A---- to the Master of Ravenswood upon a matter of
life and death.

This news, with exaggerations, was speedily carried from various
quarters to the ears of the Lord Keeper, and each reporter dwelt upon
the extreme impatience of the courier, and the surprising short time
in which he had executed his journey. The anxious statesman heard in
silence; but in private Lockhard received orders to watch the courier
on his return, to waylay him in the village, to ply him with liquor, if
possible, and to use all means, fair or foul, to learn the contents
of the letter of which he was the bearer. But as this plot had been
foreseen, the messenger returned by a different and distant road, and
thus escaped the snare that was laid for him.

After he had been in vain expected for some time, Mr. Dingwall had
orders to made especial inquiry among his clients of Wolf\x92s Hope,
whether such a domestic belonging to the Marquis of A----had actually
arrived at the neighbouring castle. This was easily ascertained; for
Caleb had been in the village one morning by five o\x92clock, to borrow
\x93twa chappins of ale and a kipper\x94 for the messenger\x92s refreshment,
and the poor fellow had been ill for twenty-four hours at Luckie
Sma\x92trash\x92s, in consequence of dining upon \x93saut saumon and sour drink.\x94
 So that the existence of a correspondence betwixt the Marquis and his
distressed kinsman, which Sir William Ashton had sometimes treated as a
bugbear, was proved beyond the possibility of further doubt.

The alarm of the Lord Keeper became very serious; since the Claim of
Right, the power of appealing from the decisions of the civil court to
the Estates of Parliament, which had formerly been held incompetent, had
in many instances been claimed, and in some allowed, and he had no small
reason to apprehend the issue, if the English House of Lords should be
disposed to act upon an appeal from the Master of Ravenswood \x93for remeid
in law.\x94 It would resolve into an equitable claim, and be decided,
perhaps, upon the broad principles of justice, which were not quite so
favourable to the Lord Keeper as those of strict law. Besides, judging,
though most inaccurately, from courts which he had himself known in the
unhappy times preceding the Scottish Union, the Keeper might have too
much right to think that, in the House to which his lawsuits were to be
transferred, the old maxim might prevail which was too well recognised
in Scotland in former times: \x93Show me the man, and I\x92ll show you the
law.\x94 The high and unbiased character of English judicial proceedings
was then little known in Scotland, and the extension of them to that
country was one of the most valuable advantages which it gained by the
Union. But this was a blessing which the Lord Keeper, who had lived
under another system, could not have the means of foreseeing. In the
loss of his political consequence, he anticipated the loss of his
lawsuit. Meanwhile, every report which reached him served to render
the success of the Marquis\x92s intrigues the more probable, and the Lord
Keeper began to think it indispensable that he should look round for
some kind of protection against the coming storm. The timidity of his
temper induced him to adopt measures of compromise and conciliation. The
affair of the wild bull, properly managed, might, he thought, be made
to facilitate a personal communication and reconciliation betwixt the
Master and himself. He would then learn, if possible, what his own ideas
were of the extent of his rights, and the means of enforcing them; and
perhaps matters might be brought to a compromise, where one party was
wealthy and the other so very poor. A reconciliation with Ravenswood was
likely to give him an opportunity to play his own game with the Marquis
of A----. \x93And besides,\x94 said he to himself, \x93it will be an act of
generosity to raise up the heir of this distressed family; and if he is
to be warmly and effectually befriended by the new government, who knows
but my virtue may prove its own reward?\x94

Thus thought Sir William Ashton, covering with no unusual self-delusion
his interested views with a hue of virtue; and having attained this
point, his fancy strayed still farther. He began to bethink himself,
\x93That if Ravenswood was to have a distinguished place of power and
trust, and if such a union would sopite the heavier part of his
unadjusted claims, there might be worse matches for his daughter Lucy:
the Master might be reponed against the attainder. Lord Ravenswood was
an ancient title, and the alliance would, in some measure, legitimate
his own possession of the greater part of the Master\x92s spoils, and make
the surrender of the rest a subject of less bitter regret.\x94

With these mingled and multifarious plans occupying his head, the Lord
Keeper availed himself of my Lord Bittlebrains\x92s repeated invitation
to his residence, and thus came within a very few miles of Wolf\x92s
Crag. Here he found the lord of the mansion absent, but was courteously
received by the lady, who expected her husband\x92s immediate return. She
expressed her particular delight at seeing Miss Ashton, and appointed
the hounds to be taken out for the Lord Keeper\x92s special amusement.
He readily entered into the proposal, as giving him an opportunity to
reconnoitre Wolf\x92s Crag, and perhaps to make some acquaintance with the
owner, if he should be tempted from his desolate mansion by the
chase. Lockhard had his orders to endeavour on his part to make some
acquaintance with the inmates of the castle, and we have seen how he
played his part.

The accidental storm did more to further the Lord Keeper\x92s plan of
forming a personal acquaintance with young Ravenswood than his most
sanguine expectations could have anticipated. His fear of the young
nobleman\x92s personal resentment had greatly decreased since he considered
him as formidable from his legal claims and the means he might have of
enforcing them. But although he thought, not unreasonably, that only
desperate circumstances drove men on desperate measures, it was not
without a secret terror, which shook his heart within him, that he first
felt himself inclosed within the desolate Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag; a place
so well fitted, from solitude and strength, to be a scene of violence
and vengeance. The stern reception at first given to them by the Master
of Ravenswood, and the difficulty he felt in explaining to that injured
nobleman what guests were under the shelter of his roof, did not soothe
these alarms; so that when Sir William Ashton heard the door of the
courtyard shut behind him with violence, the words of Alice rung in his
ears, \x93That he had drawn on matters too hardly with so fierce a race as
those of Ravenswood, and that they would bide their time to be avenged.\x94

The subsequent frankness of the Master\x92s hospitality, as their
acquaintance increased, abated the apprehensions these recollections
were calculated to excite; and it did not escape Sir William Ashton,
that it was to Lucy\x92s grace and beauty he owed the change in their
host\x92s behavior.

All these thoughts thronged upon him when he took possession of
the secret chamber. The iron lamp, the unfurnished apartment, more
resembling a prison than a place of ordinary repose, the hoarse and
ceaseless sound of the waves rushing against the base of the rock on
which the castle was founded, saddened and perplexed his mind. To his
own successful machinations, the ruin of the family had been in a great
measure owing, but his disposition was crafty, and not cruel; so
that actually to witness the desolation and distress he had himself
occasioned was as painful to him as it would be to the humane mistress
of a family to superintend in person the execution of the lambs and
poultry which are killed by her own directions. At the same time,
when he thought of the alternative of restoring to Ravenswood a large
proportion of his spoils, or of adopting, as an ally and member of his
own family, the heir of this impoverished house, he felt as the spider
may be supposed to do when his whole web, the intricacies of which had
been planned with so much art, is destroyed by the chance sweep of a
broom. And then, if he should commit himself too far in this matter, it
gave rise to a perilous question, which many a good husband, when under
temptation to act as a free agent, has asked himself without being able
to return a satisfactory answer: \x93What will my wife--what will Lady
Ashton say?\x94 On the whole, he came at length to the resolution in
which minds of a weaker cast so often take refuge. He resolved to
watch events, to take advantage of circumstances as they occurred, and
regulate his conduct accordingly. In this spirit of temporising policy,
he at length composed his mind to rest.


     A slight note I have about me for you, for the delivery of which
     you must excuse me. It is an offer that friendship calls upon me
     to do, and no way offensive to you, since I desire nothing but
     right upon both sides.

     King and no King.

WHEN Ravenswood and his guest met in the morning, the gloom of the
Master\x92s spirit had in part returned. He, also, had passed a night
rather of reflection that of slumber; and the feelings which he could
not but entertain towards Lucy Ashton had to support a severe conflict
against those which he had so long nourished against her father. To
clasp in friendship the hand of the enemy of his house, to entertain him
under his roof, to exchange with him the courtesies and the kindness of
domestic familiarity, was a degradation which his proud spirit could not
be bent to without a struggle.

But the ice being once broken, the Lord Keeper was resolved it should
not have time against to freeze. It had been part of his plan to stun
and confuse Ravenswood\x92s ideas, by a complicated and technical statement
of the matters which had been in debate betwixt their families, justly
thinking that it would be difficult for a youth of his age to follow
the expositions of a practical lawyer, concerning actions of compt and
reckoning, and of multiplepoindings, and adjudications and wadsets,
proper and improper, and poindings of the ground, and declarations of
the expiry of the legal. \x93Thus,\x94 thought Sir William, \x93I shall have
all the grace of appearing perfectly communicative, while my party will
derive very little advantage from anything I may tell him.\x94 He therefore
took Ravenswood aside into the deep recess of a window in the hall, and
resuming the discourse of the proceeding evening, expressed a hope that
his young friend would assume some patience, in order to hear him enter
in a minute and explanatory detail of those unfortunate circumstances
in which his late honourable father had stood at variance with the Lord
Keeper. The Master of Ravenswood coloured highly, but was silent; and
the Lord Keeper, though not greatly approving the sudden heightening
of his auditor\x92s complexion, commenced the history of a bond for twenty
thousand merks, advanced by his father to the father of Allan Lord
Ravenswood, and was proceeding to detail the executorial proceedings
by which this large sum had been rendered a debitum fundi, when he was
interrupted by the Master.

\x93It is not in this place,\x94 he said, \x93that I can hear Sir William
Ashton\x92s explanation of the matters in question between us. It is not
here, where my father died of a broken heart, that I can with decency
or temper investigate the cause of his distress. I might remember that I
was a son, and forget the duties of a host. A time, however, there must
come, when these things shall be discussed, in a place and in a presence
where both of us will have equal freedom to speak and to hear.\x94

\x93Any time,\x94 the Lord Keeper said, \x93any place, was alike to those who
sought nothing but justice. Yet it would seem he was, in fairness,
entitled to some premonition respecting the grounds upon which the
Master proposed to impugn the whole train of legal proceedings, which
had been so well and ripely advised in the only courts competent.\x94

\x93Sir William Ashton,\x94 answered the Master, with warmth, \x93the lands which
you now occupy were granted to my remote ancestor for services done with
his sword against the English invaders. How they have glided from us by
a train of proceedings that seem to be neither sale, nor mortgage, nor
adjudication for debt, but a nondescript and entangled mixture of all
these rights; how annual rent has been accumulated upon principal, and
no nook or coign of legal advantage left unoccupied, until our interest
in our hereditary property seems to have melted away like an icicle in
thaw--all this you understand better than I do. I am willing, however,
to suppose, from the frankness of your conduct towards me, that I may in
a great measure have mistaken your personal character, and that things
may have appeared right and fitting to you, a skilful and practised
lawyer, which to my ignorant understanding seem very little short of
injustice and gross oppression.\x94

\x93And you, my dear Master,\x94 answered Sir William--\x93you, permit me to say,
have been equally misrepresented to me. I was taught to believe you
a fierce, imperious, hot-headed youth, ready, at the slightest
provocation, to throw your sword into the scales of justice, and to
appeal to those rude and forcible measures from which civil polity has
long protected the people of Scotland. Then, since we were mutually
mistaken in each other, why should not the young nobleman be willing
to listen to the old lawyer, while, at least, he explains the points of
difference betwixt them?\x94

\x93No, my lord,\x94 answered Ravenswood; \x93it is in the House of British
Peers, whose honour must be equal to their rank--it is in the court of
last resort that we must parley together. The belted lords of Britain,
her ancient peers, must decide, if it is their will that a house,
not the least noble of their members, shall be stripped of their
possessions, the reward of the patriotism of generations, as the pawn of
a wretched mechanic becomes forfeit to the usurer the instant the hour
of redemption has passed away. If they yield to the grasping severity of
the creditor, and to the gnawing usury that eats into our lands as moths
into a raiment, it will be of more evil consequence to them and their
posterity than to Edgar Ravenswood. I shall still have my sword and my
cloak, and can follow the profession of arms wherever a trumpet shall

As he pronounced these words, in a firm yet melancholy tone, he raised
his eyes, and suddenly encountered those of Lucy Ashton, who had stolen
unawares on their interview, and observed her looks fastened on them
with an expression of enthusiastic interest and admiration, which had
wrapt her for the moment beyond the fear of discovery. The noble form
and fine features of Ravenswood, fired with the pride of birth and sense
of internal dignity, the mellow and expressive tones of his voice,
the desolate state of his fortunes, and the indifference with which he
seemed to endure and to dare the worst that might befall, rendered him a
dangerous object of contemplation for a maiden already too much
disposed to dwell upon recollections connected with him. When their eyes
encountered each other, both blushed deeply, conscious of some strong
internal emotion, an shunned again to meet each other\x92s looks. Sir
William Ashton had, of course, closely watched the expression of their
countenances. \x93I need fear,\x94 said he internally, \x93neither Parliament nor
protestation; I have an effectual mode of reconciling myself with this
hot-tempered young fellow, in case he shall become formidable. The
present object is, at all events, to avoid committing ourselves. The
hook is fixed; we will nto strain the line too soon: it is as well to
reserve the privilege of slipping it loose, if we do not find the fish
worth landing.\x94

In this selfish and cruel calculation upon the supposed attachment of
Ravenswood to Lucy, he was so far from considering the pain he might
give to the former, by thus dallying with his affections, that he even
did not think upon the risk of involving his own daughter in the perils
of an unfortunate passion; as if her predilection, which could not
escape his attention, were like the flame of a taper which might be
lighted or extinguished at pleasure. But Providence had prepared a
dreadful requital for this keen observer of human passions, who had
spent his life in securing advantages to himself by artfully working
upon the passions of others.

Caleb Balderstone now came to announce that breakfast was prepared; for
in those days of substantial feeding, the relics of the supper simply
furnished forth the morning meal. Neither did he forget to present to
the Lord Keeper, with great reverence, a morning draught in a large
pewter cup, garnished with leaves of parsley and scurvy-grass. He craved
pardon, of course, for having omitted to serve it in the great silver
standing cup as behoved, being that it was at present in a silversmith\x92s
in Edinburgh, for the purpose of being overlaid with gilt.

\x93In Edinburgh like enough,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93but in what place, or for
what purpose, I am afraid neither you nor I know.\x94

\x93Aweel!\x94 said Caleb, peevishly, \x93there\x92s a man standing at the gate
already this morning--that\x92s ae thing that I ken. Does your honour ken
whether ye will speak wi\x92 him or no?\x94

\x93Does he wish to speak with me, Caleb?\x94

\x93Less will no serve him,\x94 said Caleb; \x93but ye had best take a visie of
him through the wicket before opening the gate; it\x92s no every ane we
suld let into this castle.\x94

\x93What! do you suppose him to be a messenger come to arrest me for debt?\x94
 said Ravenswood.

\x93A messenger arrest your honour for debt, and in your Castle of Wolf\x92s
Crag! Your honour is jesting wi\x92 auld Caleb this morning.\x94 However, he
whispered in his ear, as he followed him out, \x93I would be loth to do ony
decent man a prejudice in your honour\x92s gude opinion; but I would tak
twa looks o\x92 that chield before I let him within these walls.\x94

He was not an officer of the law, however; being no less a person than
Captain Craigengelt, with his nose as red as a comfortable cup of brandy
could make it, his laced cocked hat set a little aside upon the top
of his black riding periwig, a sword by his side and pistols at his
holsters, and his person arrayed in a riding suit, laid over with
tarnished lace--the very moral of one who would say, \x93Stand to a true

When the Master had recognised him, he ordered the gates to be opened.
\x93I suppose,\x94 he said, \x93Captain Craigengelt, there are no such weighty
matters betwixt you and me, but may be discussed in this place. I have
company in the castle at present, and the terms upon which we last
parted must excuse my asking you to make part of them.\x94

Craigengelt, although possessing the very perfection of impudence, was
somewhat abashed by this unfavourable reception. \x93He had no intention,\x94
 he said, \x93to force himself upon the Master of Ravenswood\x92s hospitality;
he was in the honourable service of bearing a message to him from a
friend, otherwise the Master of Ravenswood should not have had reason to
complain of this intrusion.\x94

\x93Let it be short, sir,\x94 said the Master, \x93for that will be the best
apology. Who is the gentleman who is so fortunate as to have your
services as a messenger?\x94

\x93My friend, Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw,\x94 answered Craigengelt, with
conscious importance, and that confidence which the acknowledged courage
of his principal inspired, \x93who conceives himself to have been treated
by you with something much short of the respect which he had reason to
demand, and, therefore is resolved to exact satisfaction. I bring with
me,\x94 said he, taking a piece of paper out of his pocket, \x93the precise
length of his sword; and he requests you will meet him, accompanied by
a friend, and equally armed, at any place within a mile of the castle,
when I shall give attendance as umpire, or second, on his behoof.\x94

\x93Satisfaction! and equal arms!\x94 repeated Ravenswood, who, the reader
will recollect, had no reason to suppose he had given the slightest
offence to his late intimate; \x93upon my word, Captain Craigengelt, either
you have invented the most improbable falsehood that ever came into the
mind of such a person, or your morning draught has been somewhat of the
strongest. What could persuade Bucklaw to send me such a message?\x94

\x93For that, sir,\x94 replied Craigengelt, \x93I am desired to refer you to
what, in duty to my friend, I am to term your inhospitality in excluding
him from your house, without reasons assigned.\x94

\x93It is impossible,\x94 replied the Master; \x93he cannot be such a fool as to
interpret actual necessity as an insult. Nor do I believe that, knowing
my opinion of you, Captain, he would have employed the services of so
slight and inconsiderable a person as yourself upon such an errand, as I
certainly could expect no man of honour to act with you in the office of

\x93I slight and inconsiderable?\x94 said Craigengelt, raising his voice, and
laying his hand on his cutlass; \x93if it were not that the quarrel of
my friend craves the precedence, and is in dependence before my own, I
would give you to understand----\x94

\x93I can understand nothing upon your explanation, Captain Craigengelt. Be
satisfied of that, and oblige me with your departure.\x94

\x93D----n!\x94 muttered the bully; \x93and is this the answer which I am to
carry back to an honourable message?\x94

\x93Tell the Laird of Bucklaw,\x94 answered Ravenswood, \x93if you are really
sent by him, that, when he sends me his cause of grievance by a person
fitting to carry such an errand betwixt him and me, I will either
explain it or maintain it.\x94

\x93Then, Master, you will at least cause to be returned to Hayston, by my
hands, his property which is remaining in your possession.\x94

\x93Whatever property Bucklaw may have left behind him, sir,\x94 replied the
Master, \x93shall be returned to him by my servant, as you do not show me
any credentials from him which entitle you to receive it.\x94

\x93Well, Master,\x94 said Captain Craigengelt, with malice which even his
fear of the consequences could not suppress, \x93you have this morning done
me an egregious wrong adn dishonour, but far more to yourself. A castle
indeed!\x94 he continued, looking around him; \x93why, this is worse than
a coupe-gorge house, where they receive travellers to plunder them of
their property.\x94

\x93You insolent rascal,\x94 said the Master, raising his cane, and making a
grasp at the Captain\x92s bridle, \x93if you do not depart without uttering
another syllable, I will batoon you to death!\x94

At the motion of the Master towards him, the bully turned so rapidly
round, that with some difficulty he escaped throwing down his horse,
whose hoofs struck fire from the rocky pavement in every direction.
Recovering him, however, with the bridle, he pushed for the gate, and
rode sharply back again in the direction of the village.

As Ravenswood turned round to leave the courtyard after this dialogue,
he found that the Lord Keeper had descended from the hall, and
witnessed, though at the distance prescribed by politeness, his
interview with Craigengelt.

\x93I have seen,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93that gentleman\x92s face, and at no
great distance of time; his name is Craig--Craig--something, is it not?\x94

\x93Craigengelt is the fellow\x92s name,\x94 said the Master, \x93at least that by
which he passes at present.\x94

\x93Craig-in-guilt,\x94 said Caleb, punning upon the word \x93craig,\x94 which in
Scotch signifies throat; \x93if he is Craig-in-guilt just now, he is as
likely to be Craig-in-peril as ony chield I ever saw; the loon has
woodie written on his very visnomy, and I wad wager twa and a plack that
hemp plaits his cravat yet.\x94

\x93You understand physiognomy, good Mr. Caleb,\x94 said the Keeper, smiling;
\x93I assure you the gentleman has been near such a consummation before
now; for I most distinctly recollect that, upon occasion of a journey
which I made about a fortnight ago to Edinburgh, I saw Mr. Craigengelt,
or whatever is his name, undergo a severe examination before the privy

\x93Upon what account?\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood, with some interest.

The question led immediately to a tale which the Lord Keeper had been
very anxious to introduce, when he could find a graceful and fitting
opportunity. He took hold of the Master\x92s arm, and led him back towards
the hall. \x93The answer to your question,\x94 he said, \x93though it is a
ridiculous business, is only fit for your own ear.\x94

As they entered the hall, he again took the Master apart into one of
the recesses of the window, where it will be easily believed that Miss
Ashton did not venture again to intrude upon their conference.


     Here is a father now,
     Will truck his daughter for a foreign venture,
     Make her the stop-gap to some canker\x92d feud,
     Or fling her o\x92er, like Jonah, to the fishes,
     To appease the sea at highest.


THE Lord Keeper opened his discourse with an appearance of unconcern,
marking, however, very carefully, the effect of his communication upon
young Ravenswood.

\x93You are aware,\x94 he said, \x93my young friend, that suspicion is the
natural vice of our unsettled times, and exposes the best and wisest of
us to the imposition of artful rascals. If I had been disposed to listen
to such the other day, or even if I had been the wily politicians which
you have been taught to believe me, you, Master of Ravenswood, instead
of being at freedom, and with fully liberty to solicit and act against
me as you please, in defence of what you suppose to be your rights,
would have been in the Castle of Edinburgh, or some other state prison;
or, if you had escaped that destiny, it must have been by flight to a
foreign country, and at the risk of a sentence of fugitation.\x94

\x93My Lord Keeper,\x94 said the Master, \x93I think you would not jest on such a
subject; yet it seems impossible you can be in earnest.\x94

\x93Innocence,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93is also confident, and sometimes,
though very excusably, presumptuously so.\x94

\x93I do not understand,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93how a consciousess of innocence
can be, in any case, accounted presumptuous.\x94

\x93Imprudent, at least, it may be called,\x94 said Sir William Ashton, \x93since
it is apt to lead us into the mistake of supposing that sufficiently
evident to others of which, in fact, we are only conscious ourselves. I
have known a rogue, for this very reason, make a better defence than
an innocent man could have done in the same circumstances of suspicion.
Having no consciousness of innocence to support him, such a fellow
applies himself to all the advantages which the law will afford him, and
sometimes--if his counsel be men of talent--succeeds in compelling his
judges to receive him as innocent. I remember the celebrated case of Sir
Coolie Condiddle of Condiddle, who was tried for theft under trust, of
which all the world knew him guilty, and yet was not only acquitted, but
lived to sit in judgment on honester folk.\x94

\x93Allow me to beg you will return to the point,\x94 said the Master; \x93you
seemed to say that I had suffered under some suspicion.\x94

\x93Suspicion, Master! Ay, truly, and I can show you the proofs of it; if
I happen only to have them with me. Here, Lockhard.\x94 His attendant came.
\x93Fetch me the little private mail with the padlocks, that I recommended
to your particular charge, d\x92ye hear?\x94

\x93Yes, my lord.\x94 Lockhard vanished; and the Keeper continued, as if half
speaking to himself.

\x93I think the papers are with me--I think so, for, as I was to be in
this country, it was natural for me to bring them with me. I have them,
however, at Ravenswood Castle, that I am sure; so perhaps you might

Here Lockhard entered, and put the leathern scrutoire, or mail-box,
into his hands. The Keeper produced one or two papers, respecting the
information laid before the privy council concerning the riot, as it was
termed, at the funeral of Allan Lord Ravenswood, and the active share he
had himself taken in quashing the proceedings against the Master. These
documents had been selected with care, so as to irritate the natural
curiosity of Ravenswood upon such a subject, without gratifying it, yet
to show that Sir William Ashton had acted upon that trying occasion
the part of an advocate and peacemaker betwixt him and the jealous
authorities of the day. Having furnished his host with such subjects for
examination, the Lord Keeper went to the breakfast-table, and entered
into light conversation, addressed partly to old Caleb, whose resentment
against the usurper of the Castle of Ravenswood began to be softened by
his familiarity, and partly to his daughter.

After perusing these papers, the Master of Ravenswood remained for
a minute or two with his hand pressed against his brow, in deep and
profound meditation. He then again ran his eye hastily over the papers,
as if desirous of discovering in them some deep purpose, or some mark
of fabrication, which had escaped him at first perusal. Apparently the
second reading confirmed the opinion which had pressed upon him at the
first, for he started from the stone bench on which he was sitting,
and, going to the Lord Keeper, took his hand, and, strongly pressing it,
asked his pardon repeatedly for the injustice he had done him, when it
appeared he was experiencing, at his hands, the benefit of protection to
his person and vindication to his character.

The statesman received these acknowledgments at first with well-feigned
surprise, and then with an affectation of frank cordiality. The tears
began already to start from Lucy\x92s blue eyes at viewing this unexpected
and moving scene. To see the Master, late so haughty and reserved, and
whom she had always supposed the injured person, supplicating her
father for forgiveness, was a change at once surprising, flattering, and

\x93Dry your eyes, Lucy,\x94 said her father; \x93why should you weep, because
your father, though a lawyer, is discovered to be a fair and honourable
man? What have you to thank me for, my dear Master,\x94 he continued,
addressing Ravenswood, \x93that you would not have done in my case? \x91Suum
cuique tribuito,\x92 was the Roman justice, and I learned it when I studied
Justinian. Besides, have you not overpaid me a thousand times, in saving
the life of this dear child?\x94

\x93Yes,\x94 answered the Master, in all the remorse of self-accusation; \x93but
the little service _I_ did was an act of mere brutal instinct; YOUR
defence of my cause, when you knew how ill I thought of you, and how
much I was disposed to be your enemy, was an act of generous, manly, and
considerate wisdom.\x94

\x93Pshaw!\x94 said the Lord Keeper, \x93each of us acted in his own way; you as
a gallant soldier, I as an upright judge and privy-councillor. We could
not, perhaps, have changed parts; at least I should have made a very
sorry tauridor, and you, my good Master, though your cause is so
excellent, might have pleaded it perhaps worse yourself than I who acted
for you before the council.\x94

\x93My generous friend!\x94 said Ravenswood; and with that brief word,
which the Keeper had often lavished upon him, but which he himself now
pronounced for the first time, he gave to his feudal enemy the full
confidence of an haughty but honourable heart. The Master had been
remarked among his contemporaries for sense and acuteness, as well
as for his reserved, pertinacious, and irascible character. His
prepossessions accordingly, however obstinate, were of a nature to give
way before love and gratitude; and the real charms of the daughter,
joined to the supposed services of the father, cancelled in his memory
the vows of vengeance which he had taken so deeply on the eve of his
father\x92s funeral. But they had been heard and registered in the book of

Caleb was present at this extraordinary scene, and he could conceive no
other reason for a proceeding so extraordinary than an alliance betwixt
the houses, and Ravenswood Castle assigned for the young lady\x92s dowry.
As for Lucy, when Ravenswood uttered the most passionate excuses for his
ungrateful negligence, she could but smile through her tears, and, as
she abandoned her hand to him, assure him, in broken accents, of the
delight with which she beheld the complete reconciliation between her
father and her deliverer. Even the statesman was moved and affected
by the fiery, unreserved, and generous self-abandonment with which the
Master of Ravenswood renounced his feudal enmity, and threw himself
without hesitation upon his forgiveness. His eyes glistened as he looked
upon a couple who were obviously becoming attached, and who seemed made
for each other. He thought how high the proud and chivalrous character
of Ravenswood might rise under many circumstances in which HE found
himself \x93overcrowed,\x94 to use a phrase of Spenser, and kept under, by
his brief pedigree, and timidity of disposition. Then his daughter--his
favorite child--his constant playmate--seemed formed to live happy in
a union with such a commanding spirit as Ravenswood; and even the fine,
delicate, fragile form of Lucy Ashton seemed to require the support of
the Master\x92s muscular strength and masculine character. And it was not
merely during a few minutes that Sir William Ashton looked upon their
marriage as a probable and even desirable event, for a full hour
intervened ere his imagination was crossed by recollection of the
Master\x92s poverty, and the sure displeasure of Lady Ashton. It is
certain, that the very unusual flow of kindly feeling with which the
Lord Keeper had been thus surprised, was one of the circumstances which
gave much tacit encouragement to the attachment between the Master and
his daughter, and led both the lovers distinctly to believe that it
was a connexion which would be most agreeable to him. He himself
was supposed to have admitted this in effect, when, long after
the catastrophe of their love, he used to warn his hearers against
permitting their feelings to obtain an ascendency over their judgment,
and affirm, that the greatest misfortune of his life was owing to a
very temporary predominance of sensibility over self-interest. It must
be owned, if such was the case, he was long and severely punished for an
offence of very brief duration.

After some pause, the Lord Keeper resumed the conversation.--

\x93In your surprise at finding me an honester man than you expected, you
have lost your curiosity about this Craigengelt, my good Master; and yet
your name was brought in, in the course of that matter too.\x94

\x93The scoundrel!\x94 said Ravenswood. \x93My connexion with him was of the
most temporary nature possible; and yet I was very foolish to hold any
communication with him at all. What did he say of me?\x94

\x93Enough,\x94 said the Keeper, \x93to excite the very loyal terrors of some
of our sages, who are for proceeding against men on the mere grounds of
suspicion or mercenary information. Some nonsense about your proposing
to enter into the service of France, or of the Pretender, I don\x92t
recollect which, but which the Marquis of A----, one of your best
friends, and another person, whom some call one of your worst and most
interested enemies, could not, somehow, be brought to listen to.\x94

\x93I am obliged to my honourable friend; and yet,\x94 shaking the Lord
Keeper\x92s hand--\x93and yet I am still more obliged to my honourable enemy.\x94

\x93Inimicus amicissimus,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, returning the pressure;
\x93but this gentleman--this Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw--I am afraid the
poor young man--I heard the fellow mention his name--is under very bad

\x93He is old enough to govern himself,\x94 answered the Master.

\x93Old enough, perhaps, but scarce wise enough, if he has chosen this
fellow for his fidus Achates. Why, he lodged an information against
him--that is, such a consequence might have ensued from his examination,
had we not looked rather at the character of the witness than the tenor
of his evidence.\x94

\x93Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw,\x94 said the master, \x93is, I believe, a most
honourable man, and capable of nothing that is mean or disgraceful.\x94

\x93Capable of much that is unreasonable, though; that you must needs
allow, master. Death will soon put him in possession of a fair estate,
if he hath it not already; old Lady Girnington--an excellent person,
excepting that her inveterate ill-nature rendered her intolerable to the
whole world--is probably dead by this time. Six heirs portioners have
successively died to make her wealthy. I know the estates well; they
march with my own--a noble property.\x94

\x93I am glad of it,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93and should be more so, were I
confident that Bucklaw would change his company and habits with his
fortunes. This appearance of Craigengelt, acting in the capacity of his
friend, is a most vile augury for his future respectability.\x94

\x93He is a bird of evil omen, to be sure,\x94 said the Keeper, \x93and croaks
of jail and gallows-tree. But I see Mr. Caleb grows impatient for our
return to breakfast.\x94


     Sir, stay at home and take an old man\x92s counsel;
     Seek not to bask you by a stranger\x92s hearth;
     Our own blue smoke is warmer than their fire.
     Domestic food is wholesome, though \x91tis homely,
     And foreign dainties poisonous, though tasteful.

     The French Courtezan.

THE Master of Ravenswood took an opportunity to leave his guests
to prepare for their departure, while he himself made the brief
arrangements necessary previous to his absence from Wolf\x92s Crag for a
day or two. It was necessary to communicate with Caleb on this occasion,
and he found that faithful servitor in his sooty and ruinous den,
greatly delighted with the departure of their visitors, and computing
how long, with good management, the provisions which had been unexpended
might furnish the Master\x92s table. \x93He\x92s nae belly god, that\x92s ae
blessing; and Bucklaw\x92s gane, that could have eaten a horse behind
the saddle. Cresses or water-purpie, and a bit ait-cake, can serve
the Master for breakfast as weel as Caleb. Then for dinner--there\x92s no
muckle left on the spule-bane; it will brander, though--it will brander
very weel.\x94

His triumphant calculations were interrupted by the Master, who
communicated to him, not without some hesitation, his purpose to ride
with the Lord Keeper as far as Ravenswood Castle, and to remain there
for a day or two.

\x93The mercy of Heaven forbid!\x94 said the old serving-man, turning as pal
as the table-cloth which he was folding up.

\x93And why, Caleb?\x94 said his master--\x93why should the mercy of Heaven
forbid my returning the Lord Keeper\x92s visit?\x94

\x93Oh, sir!\x94 replied Caleb--\x93oh, Mr. Edgar! I am your servant, and it ill
becomes me to speak; but I am an auld servant--have served baith
your father and gudesire, and mind to have seen Lord Randal, your
great-grandfather, but that was when I was a bairn.\x94

\x93And what of all this, Balderstone?\x94 said the Master; \x93what can
it possibly have to do with my paying some ordinary civility to a

\x93Oh, Mr. Edgar,--that is, my lord!\x94 answered the butler, \x93your ain
conscience tells you it isna for your father\x92s son to be neighbouring
wi\x92 the like o\x92 him; it isna for the credit of the family. An he were
ance come to terms, and to gie ye back your ain, e\x92en though ye suld
honour his house wi\x92 your alliance, I suldna say na; for the young leddy
is a winsome sweet creature. But keep your ain state wi\x92 them--I ken the
race o\x92 them weel--they will think the mair o\x92 ye.\x94

\x93Why, now, you go father than I do, Caleb,\x94 said the Master, drowning a
certain degree of consciousness in a forced laugh; \x93you are for marrying
me into a family that you will nto allow me to visit, how this? and you
look as pale as death besides.\x94

\x93Oh, sir,\x94 repeated Caleb again, \x93you would but laugh if I tauld it; but
Thomas the Rhymer, whose tongue couldna be fause, spoke the word of your
house that will e\x92en prove ower true if you go to Ravenswood this day.
Oh, that it should e\x92er have been fulfilled in my time!\x94

\x93And what is it, Caleb?\x94 said Ravenswood, wishing to soothe the fears of
his old servant.

Caleb replied: \x93He had never repeated the lines to living mortal; they
were told to him by an auld priest that had been confessor to Lord
Allan\x92s father when the family were Catholic. But mony a time,\x94 he said,
\x93I hae soughed thae dark words ower to myself, and, well-a-day! little
did I think of their coming round this day.\x94

\x93Truce with your nonsense, and let me hear the doggerel which has put it
into your head,\x94 said the Master, impatiently.

With a quivering voice, and a cheek pale with apprehension, Caleb
faltered out the following lines:

\x93When the last Laird of Ravenswood to Ravenswood shall ride, And woo a
dead maiden to be his bride, He shall stable his steed in the Kelpie\x92s
flow, And his name shall be lost for evermoe!\x94

\x93I know the Kelpie\x92s flow well enough,\x94 said the Master; \x93I suppose, at
least, you mean the quicksand betwixt this tower and Wolf\x92s Hope; but
why any man in his senses should stable a steed there----\x94

\x93Oh, ever speer ony thing about that, sir--God forbid we should ken what
the prophecy means--but just bide you at hame, and let the strangers
ride to Ravenswood by themselves. We have done eneugh for them; and
to do mair would be mair against the credit of the family than in its

\x93Well, Caleb,\x94 said the Master, \x93I give you the best possible credit for
your good advice on this occasion; but as I do not go to Ravenswood to
seek a bride, dead or alive, I hope I shall choose a better stable for
my horse than the Kelpie\x92s quicksand, and especially as I have always
had a particular dread of it since the patrol of dragoons were
lost there ten years since. My father and I saw them from the tower
struggling against the advancing tide, and they were lost long before
any help could reach them.\x94

\x93And they deserved it weel, the southern loons!\x94 said Caleb; \x93what had
they ado capering on our sands, and hindering a wheen honest folk frae
bringing on shore a drap brandy? I hae seen them that busy, that I
wad hae fired the auld culverin or the demi-saker that\x92s on the south
bartizan at them, only I was feared they might burst in the ganging

Caleb\x92s brain was now fully engaged with abuse of the English soldiery
and excisemen, so that his master found no great difficulty in
escaping from him and rejoining his guests. All was now ready for
their departure; and one of the Lord Keeper\x92s grooms having saddled the
Master\x92s steed, they mounted in the courtyard.

Caleb had, with much toil, opened the double doors of the outward gate,
and thereat stationed himself, endeavouring, by the reverential, and at
the same time consequential, air which he assumed, to supply, by his
own gaunt, wasted, and thin person, the absence of a whole baronial
establishment of porters, warders, and liveried menials.

The Keeper returned his deep reverence with a cordial farewell, stooping
at the same time from his horse, and sliding into the butler\x92s hand the
remuneration which in those days was always given by a departing guest
to the domestics of the family where he had been entertained. Lucy
smiled on the old man with her usual sweetness, bade him adieu, and
deposited her guerdon with a grace of action and a gentleness of accent
which could not have failed to have won the faithful retainer\x92s heart,
but for Thomas the Rhymer, and the successful lawsuit against his
master. As it was, he might have adopted the language of the Duke in As
You Like It:

Thou wouldst have better pleased me with this deed, If thou hadst told
me of another father.

Ravenswood was at the lady\x92s bridle-rein, encouraging her timidity, and
guiding her horse carefully down the rocky path which led to the moor,
when one of the servants announced from the rear that Caleb was calling
loudly after them, desiring to speak with his master. Ravenswood felt it
would look singular to neglect this summons, although inwardly cursing
Caleb for his impertinent officiousness; therefore he was compelled to
relinquish to Mr. Lockhard the agreeable duty in which he was engaged,
and to ride back to the gate of the courtyard. Here he was beginning,
somewhat peevishly, to ask Caleb the cause of his clamour, when the good
old man exclaimed: \x93Whisht, sir!--whisht, and let me speak just ae word
that I couldna say afore folk; there (putting into his lord\x92s hand the
money he had just received)--there\x92s three gowd pieces; and ye\x92ll
want siller up-bye yonder. But stay, whisht, now!\x94 for the Master was
beginning to exclaim against this transference, \x93never say a word, but
just see to get them changed in the first town ye ride through, for they
are bran new frae the mint, and ken-speckle a wee bit.\x94

\x93You forget, Caleb,\x94 said his master, striving to force back the money
on his servant, and extricate the bridle from his hold--\x93you forget that
I have some gold pieces left of my own. Keep these to yourself, my old
friend; and, once more, good day to you. I assure you, I have plenty.
You know you have managed that our living should cost us little or

\x93Aweel,\x94 said Caleb, \x93these will serve for you another time; but see ye
hae eneugh, for, doubtless, for the credit of the family, there maun be
some civility to the servants, and ye maun hae something to mak a show
with when they say, \x91Master, will you bet a broad piece?\x92 Then ye maun
tak out your purse, and say, \x91I carena if I do\x92; and tak care no to
agree on the articles of the wager, and just put up your purse again,

\x93This is intolerable, Caleb; I really must be gone.\x94

\x93And you will go, then?\x94 said Caleb, loosening his hold upon the
Master\x92s cloak, and changing his didactics into a pathetic and mournful
tone--\x93and you WILL go, for a\x92 I have told you about the prophecy, and
the dead bride, and the Kelpie\x92s quicksand? Aweel! a wilful man maun
hae his way: he that will to Cupar maun to Cupar. But pity of your life,
sir, if ye be fowling or shooting in the Park, beware of drinking at the
Mermaiden\x92s Well--He\x92s gane! he\x92s down the path arrow-flight after her!
The head is as clean taen aff the Ravenswood family this day as I wad
chap the head aff a sybo!\x94

The old butler looked long after his master, often clearing away the dew
as it rose to his eyes, that he might, as long as possible, distinguish
his stately form from those of the other horsemen. \x93Close to her
bridle-rein--ay, close to her bridle-rein! Wisely saith the holy man,
\x91By this also you may know that woman hath dominion over all men\x92; and
without this lass would not our ruin have been a\x92thegither fulfilled.\x94

With a heart fraught with such sad auguries did Caleb return to
his necessary duties at Wofl\x92s Crag, as soon as he could no longer
distinguish the object of his anxiety among the group of riders, which
diminished in the distance.

In the mean time the party pursued their route joyfully. Having once
taken his resolution, the Master of Ravenswood was not of a character to
hesitate or pause upon it. He abandoned himself to the pleasure he felt
in Miss Ashton\x92s company, and displayed an assiduous gallantry which
approached as nearly to gaiety as the temper of his mind and state of
his family permitted. The Lord Keeper was much struck with his depth of
observation, and the unusual improvement which he had derived from his
studies. Of these accomplishments Sir William Ashton\x92s profession and
habits of society rendered him an excellent judge; and he well knew how
to appreciate a quality to which he himself was a total stranger--the
brief and decided dauntlessness of the Master of Ravenswood\x92s fear. In
his heart the Lord Keeper rejoiced at having conciliated an adversary
so formidable, while, with a mixture of pleasure and anxiety, he
anticipated the great things his young companion might achieve, were the
breath of court-favour to fill his sails.

\x93What could she desire,\x94 he thought, his mind always conjuring
up opposition in the person of Lady Ashton to his new prevailing
wish--\x93what could a woman desire in a match more than the sopiting of
a very dangerous claim, and the alliance of a son-in-law, noble, brave,
well-gifted, and highly connected; sure to float whenever the tide
sets his way; strong, exactly where we are weak, in pedigree and in the
temper of a swordsman? Sure, no reasonable woman would hesitate. But
alas----!\x94 Here his argument was stopped by the consciousness that Lady
Ashton was not always reasonable, in his sense of the word. \x93To prefer
some clownish Merse laird to the gallant young nobleman, and to the
secure possession of Ravenswood upon terms of easy compromise--it would
be the act of a madwoman!\x94

Thus pondered the veteran politician, until they reached Bittlebrains
House, where it had been previously settled they were to dine and repose
themselves, and prosecute their journey in the afternoon.

They were received with an excess of hospitality; and the most marked
attention was offered to the Master of Ravenswood, in particular, by
their noble entertainers. The truth was, that Lord Bittlebrains had
obtained his peerage by a good deal of plausibility, an art of building
up a character for wisdom upon a very trite style of commonplace
eloquence, a steady observation of the changes of the times, and the
power of rendering certain political services to those who could best
reward them. His lady and he, not feeling quite easy under their new
honours, to which use had not adapted their feelings, were very desirous
to procure the fraternal countenance of those who were born denizens of
the regions into which they had been exalted from a lower sphere. The
extreme attention which they paid to the Master of Ravenswood had its
usual effect in exalting his importance in the eyes of the Lord
Keeper, who, although he had a reasonable degree of contempt for
Lord Bittlebrains\x92s general parts, entertained a high opinion of the
acuteness of his judgment in all matters of self-interest.

\x93I wish Lady Ashton had seen this,\x94 was his internal reflection; \x93no man
knows so well as Bittlebrains on which side his bread is buttered; and
he fawns on the Master like a beggar\x92s messan on a cook. And my lady,
too, bringing forward her beetle-browed misses to skirl and play upon
the virginals, as if she said, \x91Pick and choose.\x92 They are no more
comparable to Lucy than an owl is to a cygnet, and so they may carry
their black brows to a farther market.\x94

The entertainment being ended, our travellers, who had still to measure
the longest part of their journey, resumed their horses; and after the
Lord Keeper, the Master, and the domestics had drunk doch-an-dorroch,
or the stirrup-cup, in the liquors adapted to their various ranks, the
cavalcade resumed its progress.

It was dark by the time they entered the avenue of Ravenswood Castle, a
long straight line leading directly to the front of the house, flanked
with huge elm-trees, which sighed to the night-wind, as if they
compassionated the heir of their ancient proprietors, who now returned
to their shades in the society, and almost in the retinue, of their new
master. Some feelings of the same kind oppressed the mind of the Master
himself. He gradually became silent, adn dropped a little behind the
lady, at whose bridle-rein he had hitherto waited with such devotion.
He well recollected the period when, at the same hour in the evening, he
had accompanied his father, as that nobleman left, never again to
return to it, the mansion from which he derived his name and title. The
extensive front of the old castle, on which he remembered having often
looked back, was then \x93as black as mourning weed.\x94 The same front now
glanced with many lights, some throwing far forward into the night
a fixed and stationary blaze, and others hurrying from one window to
another, intimating the bustle and busy preparation preceding their
arrival, which had been intimated by an avant-courier. The contrast
pressed so strongly upon the Master\x92s heart as to awaken some of the
sterner feelings with which he had been accustomed to regard the new
lord of his paternal domain, and to impress his countenance with an air
of severe gravity, when, alighted from his horse, he stood in the hall
no longer his own, surrounded by the numerous menials of its present

The Lord Keeper, when about to welcome him with the cordiality which
their late intercourse seemed to render proper, became aware of the
change, refrained from his purpose, and only intimated the ceremony of
reception by a deep reverence to his guest, seeming thus delicately to
share the feelings which predominated on his brow.

Two upper domestics, bearing each a huge pair of silver candlesticks,
now marshalled the company into a large saloon, or withdrawing-room,
where new alterations impressed upon Ravenswood the superior wealth of
the present inhabitants of the castle. The mouldering tapestry, which,
in his father\x92s time, had half covered the walls of this stately
apartment, and half streamed from them in tatters, had given place to
a complete finishing of wainscot, the cornice of which, as well as the
frames of the various compartments, were ornamented with festoons of
flowers and with birds, which, though carved in oak, seemed, such was
the art of the chisel, actually to swell their throats and flutter their
wings. Several old family portraits of armed heroes of the house of
Ravenswood, together with a suit or two of old armour and some military
weapons, had given place to those of King William and Queen Mary, or
Sir Thomas Hope and Lord Stair, two distinguished Scottish lawyers. The
pictures of the Lord Keeper\x92s father and mother were also to be seen;
the latter, sour, shrewish, and solemn, in her black hood and close
pinners, with a book of devotion in her hand; the former, exhibiting
beneath a black silk Geneva cowl, or skull-cap, which sate as close to
the head as if it had been shaven, a pinched, peevish, Puritanical set
of features, terminating in a hungry, reddish, peaked beard, forming on
the whole a countenance in the expression of which the hypocrite seemed
to contend with the miser and the knave. \x93And it is to make room for
such scarecrows as these,\x94 thought Ravenswood, \x93that my ancestors have
been torn down from the walls which they erected!\x94 he looked at them
again, and, as he looked, the recollection of Lucy Ashton, for she
had not entered the apartment with them, seemed less lively in his
imagination. There were also two or three Dutch drolleries, as the
pictures of Ostade and Teniers were then termed, with one good painting
of the Italian school. There was, besides, a noble full-length of the
Lord Keeper in his robes of office, placed beside his lady in silk and
ermine, a haughty beauty, bearing in her looks all the pride of
the house of Douglas, from which she was descended. The painter,
notwithstanding his skill, overcome by the reality, or, perhaps, from a
suppressed sense of humour, had not been able to give the husband on the
canvas that air of awful rule and right supremacy which indicates the
full possession of domestic authority. It was obvious at the first
glance that, despite mace and gold frogs, the Lord Keeper was somewhat
henpecked. The floor of this fine saloon was laid with rich carpets,
huge fires blazed in the double chimneys, and ten silver sconces,
reflecting with their bright plates the lights which they supported,
made the whole seem as brilliant as day.

\x93Would you choose any refreshment, Master?\x94 said Sir William Ashton, not
unwilling to break the awkward silence.

He received no answer, the Master being so busily engaged in marking the
various changes which had taken place in the apartment, that he
hardly heard the Lord Keeper address him. A repetition of the offer of
refreshment, with the addition, that the family meal would be presently
ready, compelled his attention, and reminded him that he acted a weak,
perhaps even a ridiculous, part in suffering himself to be overcome
by the circumstances in which he found himself. He compelled himself,
therefore, to enter into conversation with Sir William Ashton, with as
much appearance of indifference as he could well command.

\x93You will not be surprised, Sir William, that I am interested in the
changes you have made for the better in this apartment. In my father\x92s
time, after our misfortunes compelled him to live in retirement, it was
little used, except by me as a play-room, when the weather would not
permit me to go abroad. In that recess was my little workshop, where I
treasured the few carpenters\x92 tools which old Caleb procured for me,
and taught me how to use; there, in yonder corner, under that handsome
silver sconce, I kept my fishing-rods and hunting poles, bows and

\x93I have a young birkie,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, willing to change the
tone of the conversation, \x93of much the same turn. He is never happy save
when he is in the field. I wonder he is not here. Here, Lockhard; send
William Shaw for Mr. Henry. I suppose he is, as usual, tied to Lucy\x92s
apron-string; that foolish girl, Master, draws the whole family after
her at her pleasure.\x94

Even this allusion to his daughter, though artfully thrown out, did not
recall Ravenswood from his own topic. \x93We were obliged to leave,\x94 he
said, \x93some armour and portraits in this apartment; may I ask where they
have been removed to?\x94

\x93Why,\x94 answered the Keeper, with some hesitation, \x93the room was fitted
up in our absence, and cedant arma togae is the maxim of lawyers, you
know: I am afraid it has been here somewhat too literally complied with.
I hope--I believe they are safe, I am sure I gave orders; may I hope
that when they are recovered, and put in proper order, you will do
me the honour to accept them at my hand, as an atonement for their
accidental derangement?\x94

The Master of Ravenswood bowed stiffly, and, with folded arms, again
resumed his survey of the room.

Henry, a spoilt boy of fifteen, burst into the room, and ran up to
his father. \x93Think of Lucy, papa; she has come home so cross and so
fractious, that she will not go down to the stable to see my new pony,
that Bob Wilson brought from the Mull of Galloway.\x94

\x93I think you were very unreasonable to ask her,\x94 said the Keeper.

\x93Then you are as cross as she is,\x94 answered the boy; \x93but when mamma
comes home, she\x92ll claw up both your mittens.\x94

\x93Hush your impertinence, you little forward imp!\x94 said his father;
\x93where is your tutor?\x94

\x93Gone to a wedding at Dunbar; I hope he\x92ll get a haggis to his dinner\x94;
and he began to sing the old Scottish song:

\x93There was a haggis in Dunbar, Fal de ral, etc. Mony better and few
waur, Fal de ral,\x94 etc.

\x93I am much obliged to Mr. Cordery for his attentions,\x94 said the Lord
Keeper; \x93and pray who has had the charge of you while I was away, Mr.

\x93Norman and Bob Wilson, forbye my own self.\x94

\x93A groom and a gamekeeper, and your own silly self--proper guardians
for a young advocate! Why, you will never know any statutes but those
against shooting red-deer, killing salmon, and----\x94

\x93And speaking of red-game,\x94 said the young scapegrace, interrupting his
father without scruple or hesitation, \x93Norman has shot a buck, and I
showed the branches to Lucy, and she says they have but eight tynes; and
she says that you killed a deer with Lord Bittlebrains\x92s hounds, when
you were west away, and, do you know, she says it had ten tynes; is it

\x93It may have had twenty, Henry, for what I know; but if you go to that
gentleman, he can tell you all about it. Go speak to him, Henry; it is
the Master of Ravenswood.\x94

While they conversed thus, the father and son were standing by the fire;
and the Master, having walked towards the upper end of the apartment,
stood with his back towards them, apparently engaged in examining one of
the paintings. The boy ran up to him, and pulled him by the skirt of
the coat with the freedom of a spoilt child, saying, \x93I say, sir, if you
please to tell me----\x94 but when the Master turned round, and Henry saw
his face, he became suddenly and totally disconcerted; walked two or
three steps backward, and still gazed on Ravenswood with an air of fear
and wonder, which had totally banished from his features their usual
expression of pert vivacity.

\x93Come to me, young gentleman,\x94 said the Master, \x93and I will tell you all
I know about the hunt.\x94

\x93Go to the gentleman, Henry,\x94 said his father; \x93you are not used to be
so shy.\x94

But neither invitation nor exhortation had any effect on the boy. On the
contrary, he turned round as soon as he had completed his survey of the
Master, and walking as cautiously as if he had been treading upon eggs,
he glided back to his father, and pressed as close to him as possible.
Ravenswood, to avoid hearing the dispute betwixt the father and the
overindulged boy, thought it most polite to turn his face once more
towards the pictures, and pay no attention to what they said.

\x93Why do you not speak to the Master, you little fool?\x94 said the Lord

\x93I am afraid,\x94 said Henry, in a very low tone of voice.

\x93Afraid, you goose!\x94 said his father, giving him a slight shake by the
collar. \x93What makes you afraid?\x94

\x93What makes him to like the picture of Sir Malise Ravenswood then?\x94 said
the boy, whispering.

\x93What picture, you natural?\x94 said his father. \x93I used to think you only
a scapegrace, but I believe you will turn out a born idiot.\x94

\x93I tell you, it is the picture of old Malise of Ravenswood, and he is as
like it as if he had loupen out of the canvas; and it is up in the old
baron\x92s hall that the maids launder the clothes in; and it has armour,
and not a coat like the gentleman; and he has not a beard and whiskers
like the picture; and it has another kind of thing about the throat, and
no band-strings as he has; and----\x94

\x93And why should not the gentleman be like his ancestor, you silly boy?\x94
 said the Lord Keeper.

\x93Ay; but if he is come to chase us all out of the castle,\x94 said the boy,
\x93and has twenty men at his back in disguise; and is come to say, with
a hollow voice, \x91I bide my time\x92; and is to kill you on the hearth as
Malise did the other man, and whose blood is still to be seen!\x94

\x93Hush! nonsense!\x94 said the Lord Keeper, not himself much pleased to hear
these disagreeable coincidences forced on his notice. \x93Master, here comes
Lockhard to say supper is served.\x94

And, at the same instant, Lucy entered at another door, having changed
her dress since her return. The exquisite feminine beauty of her
countenance, now shaded only by a profusion of sunny tresses; the
sylph-like form, disencumbered of her heavy riding-skirt and mantled in
azure silk; the grace of her manner and of her smile, cleared, with
a celerity which surprised the Master himself, all the gloomy and
unfavourable thoughts which had for some time overclouded his fancy.
In those features, so simply sweet, he could trace no alliance with
the pinched visage of the peak-bearded, black-capped Puritan, or his
starched, withered spouse, with the craft expressed in the Lord Keeper\x92s
countenance, or the haughtiness which predominated in that of his lady;
and, while he gazed on Lucy Ashton, she seemed to be an angel descended
on earth, unallied to the coarses mortals among whom she deigned to
dwell for a season. Such is the power of beauty over a youthful and
enthusiastic fancy.


     I do too ill in this,
     And must not think but that a parent\x92s plaint
     Will move the heavens to pour forth misery
     Upon the head of disobediency.
     Yet reason tells us, parents are o\x92erseen,
     When with too strict a rein they do hold in
     Their child\x92s affection, and control that love,
     Which the high powers divine inspire them with.

     The Hog hath lost his Pearl.

THE feast of Ravenswood Castle was as remarkable for its profusion as
that of Wolf\x92s Crag had been for its ill-veiled penury. The Lord Keeper
might feel internal pride at the contrast, but he had too much tact
to suffer it to appear. On the contrary, he seemed to remember with
pleasure what he called Mr. Balderstone\x92s bachelor\x92s meal, and to be
rather disgusted than pleaseed with the display upon his own groaning

\x93We do these things,\x94 he said, \x93because others do them; but I was bred
a plain man at my father\x92s frugal table, and I should like well would
my wife and family permit me to return to my sowens and my

This was a little overstretched. The Master only answered, \x93That
different ranks--I mean,\x94 said he, correcting himself, \x93different
degrees of wealth require a different style of housekeeping.\x94

This dry remark put a stop to further conversation on the subject, nor
is it necessary to record that which was substituted in its place. The
evening was spent with freedom, and even cordiality; and Henry had so
far overcome his first apprehensions, that he had settled a party for
coursing a stag with the representative and living resemblance of grim
Sir Malise of Ravenswood, called the Revenger. The next morning was the
appointed time. It rose upon active sportsmen and successful sport. The
banquet came in course; and a pressing invitation to tarry yet another
day was given and accepted. This Ravenswood had resolved should be the
last of his stay; but he recollected he had not yet visited the ancient
and devoted servant of his house, Old Alice, and it was but kind to
dedicate one morning to the gratification of so ancient an adherent.

To visit Alice, therefore, a day was devoted, and Lucy was the Master\x92s
guide upon the way. Henry, it is true, accompanied them, and took from
their walk the air of a tete-a-tete, while, in reality, it was little
else, considering the variety of circumstances which occurred to prevent
the boy from giving the least attention to what passed between his
companions. Now a rook settled on a branch within shot; anon a hare
crossed their path, and Henry and his greyhound went astray in pursuit
of it; then he had to hold a long conversation with the forester, which
detained him a while behind his companions; and again he went to examine
the earth of a badger, which carried him on a good way before them.

The conversation betwixt the Master and his sister, meanwhile, took
an interesting, and almost a confidential, turn. She could not help
mentioning her sense of the pain he must feel in visiting scenes so well
known to him, bearing now an aspect so different; and so gently was
her sympathy expressed, that Ravenswood felt it for a moment as a full
requital of all his misfortunes. Some such sentiment escaped him, which
Lucy heard with more of confusion than displeasure; and she may be
forgiven the imprudence of listening to such language, considering that
the situation in which she was placed by her father seemed to authorise
Ravenswood to use it. Yet she made an effort to turn the conversation,
and she succeeded; for the Master also had advanced farther than he
intended, and his conscience had instantly checked him when he found
himself on the verge of speaking of love to the daughter of Sir William

They now approached the hut of Old Alice, which had of late been
rendered more comfortable, and presented an appearance less picturesque,
perhaps, but far neater than before. The old woman was on her accustomed
seat beneath the weeping birch, basking, with the listless enjoyment of
age and infirmity, in the beams of the autumn sun. At the arrival of
her visitors she turned her head towards them. \x93I hear your step, Miss
Ashton,\x94 she said, \x93but the gentleman who attends you is not my lord,
your father.\x94

\x93And why should you think so, Alice?\x94 said Lucy; \x93or how is it possible
for you to judge so accurately by the sound of a step, on this firm
earth, and in the open air?\x94

\x93My hearing, my child, has been sharpened by my blindness, and I can now
draw conclusions from the slightest sounds, which formerly reached my
ears as unheeded as they now approach yours. Necessity is a stern but an
excellent schoolmistress, and she that has lost her sight must collect
her information from other sources.\x94

\x93Well, you hear a man\x92s step, I grant it,\x94 said Lucy; \x93but why, Alice,
may it not be my father\x92s?\x94

\x93The pace of age, my love, is timid and cautious: the foot takes leave
of the earth slowly, and is planted down upon it with hesitation; it
is the hasty and determined step of youth that I now hear, and--could I
give credit to so strange a thought--I should say is was the step of a

\x93This is indeed,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93an acuteness of organ which I could
not have credited had I not witnessed it. I am indeed the Master of
Ravenswood, Alice,--the son of your old master.\x94

\x93You!\x94 said the old woman, with almost a scream of surprise--\x93you the
Master of Ravenswood--here--in this place, and thus accompanied! I
cannot believe it. Let me pass my old hand over your face, that my touch
may bear witness to my ears.\x94

The Master sate down beside her on the earthen bank, and permitted her
to touch his features with her trembling hand.

\x93It is indeed!\x94 she said--\x93it is the features as well as the voice of
Ravenswood--the high lines of pride, as well as the bold and haughty
tone. But what do you here, Master of Ravenswood?--what do you in your
enemy\x92s domain, and in company with his child?\x94 As Old Alice spoke, her
face kindled, as probably that of an ancient feudal vassal might have
done in whose presence his youthful liege-lord had showed some symptom
of degenerating from the spirit of his ancestors.

\x93The Master of Ravenswood,\x94 said Lucy, who liked not the tone of this
expostulation, and was desirous to abridge it, \x93is upon a visit to my

\x93Indeed!\x94 said the old blind woman, in an accent of surprise.

\x93I knew,\x94 continued Lucy, \x93I should do him a pleasure by conducting him
to your cottage.\x94

\x93Where, to say the truth, Alice,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93I expected a more
cordial reception.\x94

\x93It is most wonderful!\x94 said the old woman, muttering to herself; \x93but
the ways of Heaven are not like our ways, and its judgments are brought
about by means far beyond our fathoming. Hearken, young man,\x94 she said;
\x93your fathers were implacable, but they were honourable, foes; they
sought not to ruin their enemies under the mask of hospitality. What
have you to do with Lucy Ashton? why should your steps move in the same
footpath with hers? why should your voice sound in the same chord and
time with those of Sir William Ashton\x92s daughter? Young man, he who aims
at revenge by dishonourable means----\x94

\x93Be silent, woman!\x94 said Ravenswood, sternly; \x93it is the devil that
prompts your voice? Know that this young lady has not on earth a friend
who would venture farther to save her from injury or from insult.\x94

\x93And is it even so?\x94 said the old woman, in an altered but melancholy
tone, \x93then God help you both!\x94

\x93Amen! Alice,\x94 said Lucy, who had not comprehended the import of what
the blind woman had hinted, \x93and send you your senses, Alice, and your
good humour. If you hold this mysterious language, instead of welcoming
your friends, they will think of you as other people do.\x94

\x93And how do other people think?\x94 said Ravenswood, for he also began to
believe the old woman spoke with incoherence.

\x93They think,\x94 said Henry Ashton, who came up at that moment, and
whispered into Ravenswood\x92s ear, \x93that she is a witch, that should have
been burned with them that suffered at Haddington.\x94

\x93What is it you say?\x94 said Alice, turning towards the boy, her sightless
visage inflamed with passion; \x93that I am a witch, and ought to
have suffered with the helpless old wretches who were murdered at

\x93Hear to that now,\x94 again whispered Henry, \x93and me whispering lower than
a wren cheeps!\x94

\x93If the usurer, and the oppressor, and the grinder of the poor man\x92s
face, and the remover of ancient landmarks, and the subverter of ancient
houses, were at the same stake with me, I could say, \x91Light the fire, in
God\x92s name!\x92\x94

\x93This is dreadful,\x94 said Lucy; \x93I have never seen the poor deserted
woman in this state of mind; but age and poverty can ill bear reproach.
Come, Henry, we will leave her for the present; she wishes to speak
with the Master alone. We will walk homeward, and rest us,\x94 she added,
looking at Ravenswood, \x93by the Mermaiden\x92s Well.\x94 \x93And Alice,\x94 said the
boy, \x93if you know of any hare that comes through among the deer, and
makes them drop their calves out of season, you may tell her, with my
compliments to command, that if Norman has not got a silver bullet ready
for her, I\x92ll lend him one of my doublet-buttons on purpose.\x94

Alice made no answer till she was aware that the sister and brother were
out of hearing. She then said to Ravenswood: \x93And you, too, are angry
with me for my love? It is just that strangers should be offended, but
you, too, are angry!\x94

\x93I am not angry, Alice,\x94 said the Master, \x93only surprised that you,
whose good sense I have heard so often praised, should give way to
offensive and unfounded suspicions.\x94

\x93Offensive!\x94 said Alice. \x93Ay, trust is ever offensive; but, surely, not

\x93I tell you, dame, most groundless,\x94 replied Ravenswood.

\x93Then the world has changed its wont, and the Ravenswoods their
hereditary temper, and the eyes of Old Alice\x92s understanding are yet
more blind than those of her countenance. When did a Ravenswood seek the
house of his enemy but with the purpose of revenge? and hither are you
come, Edgar Ravenswood, either in fatal anger or in still more fatal

\x93In neither,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93I give you mine honour--I mean, I assure

Alice could not see his blushing cheek, but she noticed his hesitation,
and that he retracted the pledge which he seemed at first disposed to
attach to his denial.

\x93It is so, then,\x94 she said, \x93and therefore she is to tarry by the
Mermaiden\x92s Well! Often has it been called a place fatal to the race of
Ravenswood--often has it proved so; but never was it likely to verify
old sayings as much as on this day.\x94

\x93You drive me to madness, Alice,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93you are more silly
and more superstitious than old Balderstone. Are you such a wretched
Christian as to suppose I would in the present day levy war against the
Ashton family, as was the sanguinary custom in elder times? or do you
suppose me so foolish, that I cannot walk by a young lady\x92s side without
plunging headlong in love with her?\x94

\x93My thoughts,\x94 replied Alice, \x93are my own; and if my mortal sight
is closed to objects present with me, it may be I can look with more
steadiness into future events. Are you prepared to sit lowest at the
board which was once your father\x92s own, unwillingly, as a connexion and
ally of his proud successor? Are you ready to live on his bounty; to
follow him in the bye-paths of intrigue and chicane, which none can
better point out to you; to gnaw the bones of his prey when he has
devoured the substance? Can you say as Sir William Ashton says, think
as he thinks, vote as he votes, and call your father\x92s murderer your
worshipful father-in-law and revered patron? Master of Ravenswood, I am
the eldest servant of your house, and I would rather see you shrouded
and coffined!\x94

The tumult in Ravenswood\x92s mind was uncommonly great; she struck upon
and awakened a chord which he had for some time successfully silenced.
He strode backwards and forwards through the little garden with a hasty
pace; and at length checking himself, and stopping right opposite to
Alice, he exclaimed: \x93Woman! on the verge of the grave, dare you urge
the son of your master to blood and to revenge?\x94

\x93God forbid!\x94 said Alice, solemnly; \x93and therefore I would have you
depart these fatal bounds, where your love, as well as your hatred,
threatens sure mischief, or at least disgrace, both to yourself and
others. I would shield, were it in the power of this withered hand, the
Ashtons from you, and you from them, and both from their own passions.
You can have nothing--ought to have nothing, in common with them. Begone
from among them; and if God has destined vengeance on the oppressor\x92s
house, do not you be the instrument.\x94

\x93I will think on what you have said, Alice,\x94 said Ravenswood, more
composedly. \x93I believe you mean truly and faithfully by me, but you urge
the freedom of an ancient domestic somewhat too far. But farewell; and
if Heaven afford me better means, I will not fail to contribute to your

He attempted to put a piece of gold into her hand, which she refused to
receive; and, in the slight struggle attending his wish to force it upon
her, it dropped to the earth.

\x93Let it remain an instant on the ground,\x94 said Alice, as the Master
stooped to raise it; \x93and believe me, that piece of gold is an emblem of
her whom you love; she is as precious, I grant, but you must stoop even
to abasement before you can win her. For me, I have as little to do with
gold as with earthly passions; and the best news that the world has in
store for me is, that Edgar Ravenswood is an hundred miles distant from
the seat of his ancestors, with the determination never again to behold

\x93Alice,\x94 said the Master, who began to think this earnestness had some
more secret cause than arose from anything that the blind woman could
have gathered from this casual visit, \x93I have heard you praised by my
mother for your sense, acuteness, and fidelity; you are no fool to start
at shadows, or to dread old superstitious saws, like Caleb Balderstone;
tell me distinctly where my danger lies, if you are aware of any which
is tending towards me. If I know myself, I am free from all such views
respecting Miss Ashton as you impute to me. I have necessary business
to settle with Sir William; that arranged, I shall depart, and with as
little wish, as you may easily believe, to return to a place full of
melancholy subjects of reflection, as you have to see me here.\x94 Alice
bent her sightless eyes on the ground, and was for some time plunged in
deep meditation. \x93I will speak the truth,\x94 she said at length, raising
up her head--\x93I will tell you the source of my apprehensions, whether
my candour be for good or for evil. Lucy Ashton loves you, Lord of

\x93It is impossible,\x94 said the Master.

\x93A thousand circumstances have proved it to me,\x94 replied the blind
woman. \x93Her thoughts have turned on no one else since you saved her
from death, and that my experienced judgment has won from her own
conversation. Having told you this--if you are indeed a gentleman
and your father\x92s son--you will make it a motive for flying from her
presence. Her passion will die like a lamp for want of that the flame
should feed upon; but, if you remain here, her destruction, or yours,
or that of both, will be the inevitable consequence of her misplaced
attachment. I tell you this secret unwillingly, but it could not have
been hid long from your own observation, and it is better you learn
it from mine. Depart, Master of Ravenswood; you have my secret. If you
remain an hour under Sir William Ashton\x92s roof without the resolution
to marry his daughter, you are a villain; if with the purpose of allying
yourself with kin, you are an infatuated and predestined fool.\x94

So saying, the old blind woman arose, assumed her staff, and, tottering
to her hut, entered it and closed the door, leaving Ravenswood to his
own reflections.


     Lovelier in her own retired abode
     ....than Naiad by the side
     Of Grecian brook--or Lady of the Mere
     Lone sitting by the shores of old romance.


THE meditations of Ravenswood were of a very mixed complexion. He saw
himself at once in the very dilemma which he had for some time felt
apprehensive he might be placed in. The pleasure he felt in Lucy\x92s
company had indeed approached to fascination, yet it had never
altogether surmounted his internal reluctance to wed with the daughter
of his father\x92s foe; and even in forgiving Sir William Ashton the
injuries which his family had received, and giving him credit for the
kind intentions he professed to entertain, he could not bring himself to
contemplate as possible an alliance betwixt their houses. Still, he felt
that Alice poke truth, and that his honour now required he should
take an instant leave of Ravenswood Castle, or become a suitor of Lucy
Ashton. The possibility of being rejected, too, should he make advances
to her wealthy and powerful father--to sue for the hand of an Ashton and
be refused--this were a consummation too disgraceful. \x93I wish her well,\x94
 he said to himself, \x93and for her sake I forgive the injuries her father
has done to my house; but I will never--no, never see her more!\x94

With one bitter pang he adopted this resolution, just as he came to
where two paths parted: the one to the Mermaiden\x92s Fountain, where he
knew Lucy waited him, the other leading to the castle by another and
more circuitous road. He paused an instant when about to take the latter
path, thinking what apology he should make for conduct which must needs
seem extraordinary, and had just muttered to himself, \x93Sudden news from
Edinburgh--any pretext will serve; only let me dally no longer here,\x94
 when young Henry came flying up to him, half out of breath: \x93Master,
Master you must give Lucy your arm back to the castle, for I cannot give
her mine; for Norman is waiting for me, and I am to go with him to make
his ring-walk, and I would not stay away for a gold Jacobus; and Lucy is
afraid to walk home alone, though all the wild nowt have been shot, and
so you must come away directly.\x94

Betwixt two scales equally loaded, a feather\x92s weight will turn the
scale. \x93It is impossible for me to leave the young lady in the wood
alone,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93to see her once more can be of little
consequence, after the frequent meetings we have had. I ought, too, in
courtesy, to apprise her of my intention to quit the castle.\x94

And having thus satisfied himself that he was taking not only a wise,
but an absolutely necessary, step, he took the path to the fatal
fountain. Henry no sooner saw him on the way to join his sister than he
was off like lightning in another direction, to enjoy the society of the
forester in their congenial pursuits. Ravenswood, not allowing himself
to give a second thought to the propriety of his own conduct, walked
with a quick step towards the stream, where he found Lucy seated alone
by the ruin.

She sate upon one of the disjointed stones of the ancient fountain,
and seemed to watch the progress of its current, as it bubbled forth to
daylight, in gay and sparkling profusion, from under the shadow of the
ribbed and darksome vault, with which veneration, or perhaps remorse,
had canopied its source. To a superstitious eye, Lucy Ashton, folded in
her plaided mantle, with her long hair, escaping partly from the snood
and falling upon her silver neck, might have suggested the idea of
the murdered Nymph of the fountain. But Ravenswood only saw a female
exquisitely beautiful, and rendered yet more so in his eyes--how
could it be otherwise?--by the consciousness that she had placed her
affections on him. As he gazed on her, he felt his fixed resolution
melting like wax in the sun, and hastened, therefore, from his
concealment in the neighbouring thicket. She saluted him, but did not
arise from the stone on which she was seated.

\x93My madcap brother,\x94 she said, \x93has left me, but I expect him back in
a few minutes; for, fortunately, as anything pleases him for a minute,
nothing has charms for him much longer.\x94

Ravenswood did not feel the power of informing Lucy that her brother
meditated a distant excursion, and would not return in haste. He sate
himself down on the grass, at some little distance from Miss Ashton, and
both were silent for a short space.

\x93I like this spot,\x94 said Lucy at length, as if she found the silence
embarrassing; \x93the bubbling murmur of the clear fountain, the waving of
the trees, the profusion of grass and wild-flowers that rise among the
ruins, make it like a scene in romance. I think, too, I have heard it is
a spot connected with the legendary lore which I love so well.\x94

\x93It has been thought,\x94 answered Ravenswood, \x93a fatal spot to my family;
and I have some reason to term it so, for it was here I first saw Miss
Ashton; and it is here I must take my leave of her for ever.\x94

The blood, which the first part of this speech called into Lucy\x92s
cheeks, was speedily expelled by its conclusion.

\x93To take leave of us, Master!\x94 she exclaimed; \x93what can have happened
to hurry you away? I know Alice hates--I mean dislikes my father; and
I hardly understood her humour to-day, it was so mysterious. But I
am certain my father is sincerely grateful for the high service you
rendered us. Let me hope that, having won your friendship hardly, we
shall not lose it lightly.\x94

\x93Lose it, Miss Ashton!\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood. \x93No; wherever my
fortune calls me--whatever she inflicts upon me--it is your friend--your
sincere friend, who acts or suffers. But there is a fate on me, and I
must go, or I shall add the ruin of others to my own.\x94

\x93Yet do not go from us, Master,\x94 said Lucy; and she laid her hand,
in all simplicity and kindness, upon the skirt of his cloak, as if to
detain him. \x93You shall not part from us. My father is powerful, he has
friends that are more so than himself; do not go till you see what his
gratitude will do for you. Believe me, he is already labouring in your
behalf with the council.\x94

\x93It may be so,\x94 said the Master, proudly; \x93yet it is not to your father,
Miss Ashton, but to my own exertions, that I ought to owe success in the
career on which I am about to enter. My preparations are already made--a
sword and a cloak, and a bold heart and a determined hand.\x94

Lucy covered her face her hands, and the tears, in spite of her, forced
their way between her fingers.

\x93Forgive me,\x94 said Ravenswood, taking her right hand, which, after
slight resistance, she yielded to him, still continuing to shade her
face with the left--\x93I am too rude--too rough--too intractable to deal
with any being so soft and gentle as you are. Forget that so stern a
vision has crossed your path of life; and let me pursue mine, sure that
I can meet with no worse misfortune after the moment it divides me from
your side.\x94

Lucy wept on, but her tears were less bitter. Each attempt which the
Master made to explain his purpose of departure only proved a new
evidence of his desire to stay; until, at length, instead of bidding her
farewell, he gave his faith to her for ever, and received her troth
in return. The whole passed so suddenly, and arose so much out of the
immediate impulse of the moment, that ere the Master of Ravenswood could
reflect upon the consequences of the step which he had taken, their
lips, as well as their hands, had pledged the sincerity of their

\x93And now,\x94 he said, after a moment\x92s consideration, \x93it is fit I should
speak to Sir William Ashton; he must know of our engagement. Ravenswood
must not seem to dwell under his roof to solicit clandestinely the
affections of his daughter.\x94

\x93You would not speak to my father on the subject?\x94 said Lucy,
doubtingly; and then added more warmly: \x93Oh do not--do not! Let your lot
in life be determined--your station and purpose ascertained, before you
address my father. I am sure he loves you--I think he will consent; but
then my mother----!\x94

She paused, ashamed to express the doubt she felt how far her father
dared to form any positive resolution on this most important subject
without the consent of his lady.

\x93Your mother, my Lucy!\x94 replied Ravenswood. \x93She is of the house of
Douglas, a house that has intermarried with mine even when its glory
and power were at the highest; what could your mother object to my

\x93I did not say object,\x94 said Lucy; \x93but she is jealous of her rights,
and may claim a mother\x92s title to be consulted in the first instance.\x94

\x93Be it so,\x94 replied Ravenswood. \x93London is distant, but a letter will
reach it and receive an answer within a fortnight; I will not press on
the Lord Keeper for an instant reply to my proposal.\x94

\x93But,\x94 hesitated Lucy, \x93were it not better to wait--to wait a few weeks?
Were my mother to see you--to know you, I am sure she would approve;
but you are unacquainted personally, and the ancient feud between the

Ravenswood fixed upon her his keen dark eyes, as if he was desirous of
penetrating into her very soul.

\x93Lucy,\x94 he said, \x93I have sacrificed to you projects of vengeance long
nursed, and sworn to with ceremonies little better than heathen--I
sacrificed them to your image, ere I knew the worth which it
represented. In the evening which succeeded my poor father\x92s funeral, I
cut a lock from my hair, and, as it consumed in the fire, I swore that
my rage and revenge should pursue his enemies, until they shrivelled
before me like that scorched-up symbol of annihilation.\x94

\x93It was a deadly sin,\x94 said Lucy, turning pale, \x93to make a vow so

\x93I acknowledge it,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93and it had been a worse crime
to keep it. It was for your sake that I abjured these purposes of
vengeance, though I scarce knew that such was the argument by which I
was conquered, until I saw you once more, and became conscious of the
influence you possessed over me.\x94

\x93And why do you now,\x94 said Lucy, \x93recall sentiments so
terrible--sentiments so inconsistent with those you profess for me--with
those your importunity has prevailed on me to acknowledge?\x94

\x93Because,\x94 said her lover, \x93I would impress on you the price at which I
have bought your love--the right I have to expect your constancy. I
say not that I have bartered for it the honour of my house, its last
remaining possession; but though I say it not, and think it not, I
cannot conceal from myself that the world may do both.\x94

\x93If such are your sentiments,\x94 said Lucy, \x93you have played a cruel game
with me. But it is not too late to give it over: take back the faith and
troth which you could not plight to me without suffering abatement of
honour--let what is passed be as if it had not been--forget me; I will
endeavour to forget myself.\x94

\x93You do me injustice,\x94 said the Master of Ravenswood--\x93by all I
hold true and honourable, you do me the extremity of injustice; if I
mentioned the price at which I have bought your love, it is only to show
how much I prize it, to bind our engagement by a still firmer tie, and
to show, by what I have done to attain this station in your regard, how
much I must suffer should you ever break your faith.\x94

\x93And why, Ravenswood,\x94 answered Lucy, \x93should you think that possible?
Why should you urge me with even the mention of infidelity? Is it
because I ask you to delay applying to my father for a little space of
time? Bind me by what vows you please; if vows are unnecessary to
secure constancy, they may yet prevent suspicion.\x94 Ravenswood pleaded,
apologised, and even kneeled, to appease her displeasure; and Lucy, as
placable as she was single-hearted, readily forgave the offence which
his doubts had implied. The dispute thus agitated, however, ended by the
lovers going through an emblematic ceremony of their troth-plight, of
which the vulgar still preserve some traces. They broke betwixt them
the thin broad-piece of gold which Alice had refused to receive from

\x93And never shall this leave my bosom,\x94 said Lucy, as she hung the piece
of gold round her neck, and concealed it with her handkerchief, \x93until
you, Edgar Ravenswood, ask me to resign it to you; and, while I wear it,
never shall that heart acknowledge another love than yours.\x94

With like protestations, Ravenswood placed his portion of the coin
opposite to his heart. And now, at length, it struck them that time had
hurried fast on during this interview, and their absence at the castle
would be subject of remark, if not of alarm. As they arose to leave the
fountain which had been witness of their mutual engagement, an arrow
whistled through the air, and struck a raven perched on the sere branch
of an old oak, near to where they had been seated. The bird fluttered a
few yards and dropped at the feet of Lucy, whose dress was stained with
some spots of its blood.

Miss Ashton was much alarmed, and Ravenswood, surprised and angry,
looked everywhere for the marksman, who had given them a proof of his
skill as little expected as desired. He was not long of discovering
himself, being no other than Henry Ashton, who came running up with a
crossbow in his hand.

\x93I knew I should startle you,\x94 he said; \x93and do you know, you looked so
busy that I hoped it would have fallen souse on your heads before you
were aware of it. What was the Master saying to you, Lucy?\x94

\x93I was telling your sister what an idle lad you were, keeping us waiting
here for you so long,\x94 said Ravenswood, to save Lucy\x92s confusion.

\x93Waiting for me! Why, I told you to see Lucy home, and that I was to go
to make the ring-walk with old Norman in the Hayberry thicket, and you
may be sure that would take a good hour, and we have all the deer\x92s
marks and furnishes got, while you were sitting here with Lucy, like a
lazy loon.\x94

\x93Well, well, Mr. Henry,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93but let us see how you will
answer to me for killing the raven. Do you know, the ravens are all
under the protection of the Lords of Ravenswood, and to kill one in
their presence is such bad luck that it deserves the stab?\x94

\x93And that\x92s what Norman said,\x94 replied the boy; \x93he came as far with
me as within a flight-shot of you, and he said he never saw a raven sit
still so near living folk, and he wished it might be for good luck, for
the raven is one of the wildest birds that flies, unless it be a tame
one; and so I crept on and on, till I was within threescore yards of
him, and then whiz went the bolt, and there he lies, faith! Was it not
well shot? and, I dare say, I have not shot in a crossbow!--not ten
times, maybe.\x94

\x93Admirably shot, indeed,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93and you will be a fine
marksman if you practise hard.\x94

\x93And that\x92s what Norman says,\x94 answered the boy; \x93but I am sure it is
not my fault if I do not practise enough; for, of free will, I would do
little else, only my father and tutor are angry sometimes, and only Miss
Lucy there gives herself airs about my being busy, for all she can
sit idle by a well-side the whole day, when she has a handsome young
gentleman to prate with. I have known her do so twenty times, if you
will believe me.\x94

The boy looked at his sister as he spoke, and, in the midst of his
mischievous chatter, had the sense to see that he was really inflicting
pain upon her, though without being able to comprehend the cause or the

\x93Come now, Lucy,\x94 he said, \x93don\x92t greet; and if I have said anything
beside the mark, I\x92ll deny it again; and what does the Master of
Ravenswood care if you had a hundred sweethearts? so ne\x92er put finger in
your eye about it.\x94

The Master of Ravenswood was, for the moment, scarce satisfied with what
he heard; yet his good sense naturally regarded it as the chatter of a
spoilt boy, who strove to mortify his sister in the point which seemed
most accessible for the time. But, although of a temper equally slow in
receiving impressions and obstinate in retaining them, the prattle
of Henry served to nourish in his mind some vague suspicion that his
present engagement might only end in his being exposed, like a conquered
enemy in a Roman triumph, a captive attendant on the car of a victor who
meditated only the satiating his pride at the expense of the
vanquished. There was, we repeat it, no real ground whatever for such
an apprehension, nor could he be said seriously to entertain such for a
moment. Indeed, it was impossible to look at the clear blue eye of
Lucy Ashton, and entertain the slightest permanent doubt concerning
the sincerity of her disposition. Still, however, conscious pride and
conscious poverty combined to render a mind suspicious which in more
fortunate circumstances would have been a stranger to that as well as to
every other meanness.

They reached the castle, where Sir William Ashton, who had been alarmed
by the length of their stay, met them in the hall.

\x93Had Lucy,\x94 he said, \x93been in any other company than that of one who had
shown he had so complete power of protecting her, he confessed he should
have been very uneasy, and would have despatched persons in quest of
them. But, in the company of the Master of Ravenswood, he knew his
daughter had nothing to dread.\x94 Lucy commenced some apology for their
long delay, but, conscience-struck, becames confused as she proceeded;
and when Ravenswood, coming to her assistance, endeavoured to render the
explanation complete and satisfactory, he only involved himself in the
same disorder, like one who, endeavouring to extricate his companion
from a slough, entangles himself in the same tenacious swamp. It cannot
be supposed that the confusion of the two youthful lovers escaped the
observation of the subtle lawyer, accustomed, by habit and profession,
to trace human nature through all her windings. But it was not his
present policy to take any notice of what he observed. He desired to
hold the Master of Ravenswood bound, but wished that he himself should
remain free; and it did not occur to him that his plan might be defeated
by Lucy\x92s returning the passion which he hoped she might inspire. If
she should adopt some romantic feelings towards Ravenswood, in which
circumstances, or the positive and absolute opposition of Lady Ashton,
might render it unadvisable to indulge her, the Lord Keeper conceived
they might be easily superseded and annulled by a journey to Edinburgh,
or even to London, a new set of Brussels lace, and the soft whispers of
half a dozen lovers, anxious to replace him whom it was convenient she
should renounce. This was his provision for the worst view of the case.
But, according to its more probable issue, any passing favours she
might entertain for the Master of Ravenswood might require encouragement
rather than repression.

This seemed the more likely, as he had that very morning, since their
departure from the castle, received a letter, the contents of which he
hastened to communicate to Ravenswood. A foot-post had arrived with
a packet to the Lord Keeper from that friend whom we have already
mentioned, who was labouring hard underhand to consolidate a band of
patriots, at the head of whom stood Sir William\x92s greatest terror, the
active and ambitious Marquis of A----. The success of this convenient
friend had been such, that he had obtained from Sir William, not indeed
a directly favourable answer, but certainly a most patient hearing. This
he had reported to his principal, who had replied by the ancient French
adage, \x93Chateau qui parle, et femme qui ecoute, l\x92un et l\x92autre va se
rendre.\x94 A statesman who hears you propose a change of measures without
reply was, according to the Marquis\x92s opinion, in the situation of the
fortress which parleys and the lady who listens, and he resolved to
press the siege of the Lord Keeper.

The packet, therefore, contained a letter from his friend and ally,
and another from himself, to the Lord Keeper, frankly offering an
unceremonious visit. They were crossing the country to go to the
southward; the roads were indifferent; the accommodation of the inns
as execrable as possible; the Lord Keeper had been long acquainted
intimately with one of his correspondents, and, though more slightly
known to the Marquis, had yet enough of his lordship\x92s acquaintance to
render the visit sufficiently natural, and to shut the mouths of those
who might be disposed to impute it to a political intrigue. He instantly
accepted the offered visit, determined, however, that he would not
pledge himself an inch farther for the furtherance of their views than
REASON (by which he meant his own self-interest) should plainly point
out to him as proper.

Two circumstances particularly delighted him--the presence of
Ravenswood, and the absence of his own lady. By having the former under
his roof, he conceived he might be able to quash all such hazardous and
hostile proceedings as he might otherwise have been engaged in, under
the patronage of the Marquis; and Lucy, he foresaw, would make, for his
immediate purpose of delay and procrastination, a much better mistress
of his family than her mother, who would, he was sure, in some shape
or other, contrive to disconcert his political schemes by her proud and
implacable temper.

His anxious solicitations that the Master would stay to receive
his kinsman, were, of course, readily complied with, since the
eclaircissement which had taken place at the Mermaiden\x92s Fountain
had removed all wish for sudden departure. Lucy and Lockhard, had,
therefore, orders to provide all things necessary in their different
departments, for receiving the expected guests with a pomp and display
of luxury very uncommon in Scotland at that remote period.


     Marall: Sir, the man of honour\x92s come,
     Newly alighted----Overreach: In without reply,
     And do as I command....
     Is the loud music I gave order for
     Ready to receive him?

     New Way to pay Old Debts.

SIR WILLIAM ASHTON, although a man of sense, legal information, and
great practical knowledge of the world, had yet some points of character
which corresponded better with the timidity of his disposition and the
supple arts by which he had risen in the world, than to the degree
of eminence which he had attained; as they tended to show an original
mediocrity of understanding, however highly it had been cultivated, and
a native meanness of disposition, however carefully veiled. He loved the
ostentatious display of his wealth, less as a man to whom habit has
made it necessary, than as one to whom it is still delightful from its
novelty. The most trivial details did not escape him; and Lucy soon
learned to watch the flush of scorn which crossed Ravenswood\x92s cheek,
when he heard her father gravely arguing with Lockhard, nay, even with
the old housekeeper, upon circumstances which, in families of rank,
are left uncared for, because it is supposed impossible they can be

\x93I could pardon Sir William,\x94 said Ravenswood, one evening after he
had left the room, \x93some general anxiety upon this occasion, for the
Marquis\x92s visit is an honour, and should be received as such; but I am
worn out by these miserable minutiae of the buttery, and the larder,
and the very hencoop--they drive me beyond my patience; I would rather
endure the poverty of Wolf\x92s Crag than be pestered with the wealth of
Ravenswood Castle.\x94

\x93And yet,\x94 said Lucy, \x93it was by attention to these minutiae that my
father acquired the property----\x94

\x93Which my ancestors sold for lack of it,\x94 replied Ravenswood. \x93Be it so;
a porter still bears but a burden, though the burden be of gold.\x94

Lucy sighed; she perceived too plainly that her lover held in scorn the
manners and habits of a father to whom she had long looked up as her
best and most partial friend, whose fondness had often consoled her for
her mother\x92s contemptuous harshness.

The lovers soon discovered that they differed upon other and no less
important topics. Religion, the mother of peace, was, in those days of
discord, so much misconstrued and mistaken, that her rules and forms
were the subject of the most opposite opinions and the most hostile
animosities. The Lord Keeper, being a Whig, was, of course, a
Presbyterian, and had found it convenient, at different periods, to
express greater zeal for the kirk than perhaps he really felt. His
family, equally of course, were trained under the same institution.
Ravenswood, as we know, was a High Churchman, or Episcopalian, and
frequently objected to Lucy the fanaticism of some of her own
communion, while she intimated, rather than expressed, horror at the
latitudinarian principles which she had been taught to think connected
with the prelatical form of church government.

Thus, although their mutual affection seemed to increase rather than to
be diminished as their characters opened more fully on each other, the
feelings of each were mingled with some less agreeable ingredients. Lucy
felt a secret awe, amid all her affection for Ravenswood. His soul was
of an higher, prouder character than those with whom she had hitherto
mixed in intercourse; his ideas were more fierce and free; and he
contemned many of the opinions which had been inculcated upon her as
chiefly demanding her veneration. On the other hand, Ravenswood saw in
Lucy a soft and flexible character, which, in his eyes at least, seemed
too susceptible of being moulded to any form by those with whom
she lived. He felt that his own temper required a partner of a more
independent spirit, who could set sail with him on his course of life,
resolved as himself to dare indifferently the storm and the favouring
breeze. But Lucy was so beautiful, so devoutly attached to him, of a
temper so exquisitely soft and kind, that, while he could have wished
it were possible to inspire her with a greater degree of firmness and
resolution, and while he sometimes became impatient of the extreme fear
which she expressed of their attachment being prematurely discovered,
he felt that the softness of a mind, amounting almost to feebleness,
rendered her even dearer to him, as a being who had voluntarily clung
to him for protection, and made him the arbiter of her fate for weal or
woe. His feelings towards her at such moments were those which have been
since so beautifully expressed by our immortal Joanna Baillie:

     Thou sweetest thing,
     That e\x92er did fix its lightly-fibred sprays
     To the rude rock, ah! wouldst thou cling to me?
     Rough and storm-worn I am; yet love me as
     Thou truly dost, I will love thee again
     With true and honest heart, though all unmeet
     To be the mate of such sweet gentleness.

Thus the very points in which they differed seemed, in some measure, to
ensure the continuance of their mutual affection. If, indeed, they had
so fully appreciated each other\x92s character before the burst of passion
in which they hastily pledged their faith to each other, Lucy might have
feared Ravenswood too much ever to have loved him, and he might have
construed her softness and docile temper as imbecility, rendering her
unworthy of his regard. But they stood pledged to each other; and Lucy
only feared that her lover\x92s pride might one day teach him to regret
his attachment; Ravenswood, that a mind so ductile as Lucy\x92s might, in
absence or difficulties, be induced, by the entreaties or influence of
those around her, to renounce the engagement she had formed.

\x93Do not fear it,\x94 said Lucy, when upon one occasion a hint of such
suspicion escaped her lover; \x93the mirrors which receive the reflection
of all successive objects are framed of hard materials like glass or
steel; the softer substances, when they receive an impression, retain it

\x93This is poetry, Lucy,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93and in poetry there is always
fallacy, and sometimes fiction.\x94

\x93Believe me, then, once more, in honest prose,\x94 said Lucy, \x93that, though
I will never wed man without the consent of my parents, yet neither
force nor persuasion shall dispose of my hand till you renounce the
right I have given you to it.\x94

The lovers had ample time for such explanations. Henry was now more
seldom their companion, being either a most unwilling attendant upon the
lessons of his tutor, or a forward volunteer under the instructions of
the foresters or grooms. As for the Keeper, his mornings were spent in
his study, maintaining correspondences of all kinds, and balancing in
his anxious mind the various intelligence which he collected from every
quarter concerning the expected change of Scottish politics, and the
probable strength of the parties who were about to struggle for power.
At other times he busied himself about arranging, and countermanding, and
then again arranging, the preparations which he judged necessary for the
reception of the Marquis of A----, whose arrival had been twice delayed
by some necessary cause of detention.

In the midst of all these various avocations, political and domestic,
he seemed not to observe how much his daughter and his guest were thrown
into each other\x92s society, and was censured by many of his neighbours,
according to the fashion of neighbours in all countries, for suffering
such an intimate connexion to take place betwixt two young persons.
The only natural explanation was, that he designed them for each other;
while, in truth, his only motive was to temporise and procrastinate
until he should discover the real extent of the interest which the
Marquis took in Ravenswood\x92s affairs, and the power which he was likely
to possess of advancing them. Until these points should be made both
clear and manifest, the Lord Keeper resolved that he would do nothing
to commit himself, either in one shape or other; and, like many cunning
persons, he overreached himself deplorably.

Amongst those who had been disposed to censure, with the greatest
severity, the conduct of Sir William Ashton, in permitting the prolonged
residence of Ravenswood under his roof, and his constant attendance on
Miss Ashton, was the new Laird of Girnington, and his faithful squire
and bottleholder, personages formerly well known to us by the names of
Hayston and Bucklaw, and his companion Captain Craigengelt. The former
had at length succeeded to the extensive property of his long-lived
grand-aunt, and to considerable wealth besides, which he had employed
in redeeming his paternal acres (by the title appertaining to which he
still chose to be designated), notwithstanding Captain Craigengelt had
proposed to him a most advantageous mode of vesting the money in Law\x92s
scheme, which was just then broached, and offered his services to travel
express to Paris for the purpose. But Bucklaw had so far derived wisdom
from adversity, that he would listen to no proposal which Craigengelt
could invent, which had the slightest tendency to risk his
newly-acquired independence. He that had once eat pease-bannocks, drank
sour wine, and slept in the secret chamber at Wolf\x92s Crag, would, he
said, prize good cheer and a soft bed as long as he lived, and take
special care never to need such hospitality again.

Craigengelt, therefore, found himself disappointed in the first hopes
he had entertained of making a good hand of the Laird of Bucklaw. Still,
however, he reaped many advantages from his friend\x92s good fortune.
Bucklaw, who had never been at all scrupulous in choosing his
companions, was accustomed to, and entertained by, a fellow whom he
could either laugh with or laugh at as he had a mind, who would take,
according to Scottish phrase, \x93the bit and the buffet,\x94 understood all
sports, whether within or without doors, and, when the laird had a mind
for a bottle of wine (no infrequent circumstance), was always ready to
save him from the scandal of getting drunk by himself. Upon these terms,
Craigengelt was the frequent, almost the constant, inmate of the house
of Girnington.

In no time, and under no possibility of circumstances, could good have
been derived from such an intimacy, however its bad consequences might
be qualified by the thorough knowledge which Bucklaw possessed of his
dependant\x92s character, and the high contempt in which he held it. But,
as circumstances stood, this evil communication was particularly liable
to corrupt what good principles nature had implanted in the patron.

Craigengelt had never forgiven the scorn with which Ravenswood had torn
the mask of courage and honesty from his countenance; and to exasperate
Bucklaw\x92s resentment against him was the safest mode of revenge which
occurred to his cowardly, yet cunning and malignant, disposition.

He brought up on all occasions the story of the challenge which
Ravenswood had declined to accept, and endeavoured, by every possible
insinuation, to make his patron believe that his honour was concerned
in bringing that matter to an issue by a present discussion with
Ravenswood. But respecting this subject Bucklaw imposed on him, at
length, a peremptory command of silence.

\x93I think,\x94 he said, \x93the Master has treated me unlike a gentleman, and
I see no right he had to send me back a cavalier answer when I demanded
the satisfaction of one. But he gave me my life once; and, in looking
the matter over at present, I put myself but on equal terms with him.
Should he cross me again, I shall consider the old accompt as balanced,
and his Mastership will do well to look to himself.\x94

\x93That he should,\x94 re-echoed Craigengelt; \x93for when you are in practice,
Bucklaw, I would bet a magnum you are through him before the third

\x93Then you know nothing of the matter,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93and you never saw
him fence.\x94

\x93And I know nothing of the matter?\x94 said the dependant--\x93a good jest, I
promise you! And though I never saw Ravenswood fence, have I not been at
Monsieur Sagoon\x92s school, who was the first maitre d\x92armes at Paris;
and have I not been at Signor Poco\x92s at Florence, and Meinheer
Durchstossen\x92s at Vienna, and have I not seen all their play?\x94

\x93I don\x92t know whether you have or not,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93but what about
it, though you had?\x94

\x93Only that I will be d--d if ever I saw French, Italian, or
High-Dutchman ever make foot, hand, and eye keep time half so well as
you, Bucklaw.\x94

\x93I believe you lie, Craigie,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93however, I can hold my own,
both with single rapier, backsword, sword and dagger, broadsword, or
case of falchions--and that\x92s as much as any gentleman need know of the

\x93And the doubt of what ninety-nine out of a hundred know,\x94 said
Craigengelt; \x93they learn to change a few thrusts with the small sword,
and then, forsooth, they understand the noble art of defence! Now, when
I was at Rouen in the year 1695, there was a Chevalier de Chapon and I
went to the opera, where we found three bits of English birkies----\x94 \x93Is
it a long story you are going to tell?\x94 said Bucklaw, interrupting him
without ceremony.

\x93Just as you like,\x94 answered the parasite, \x93for we made short work of

\x93Then I like it short,\x94 said Bucklaw. \x93Is it serious or merry?\x94

\x93Devilish serious, I assure you, and so they found it; for the Chevalier
and I----\x94

\x93Then I don\x92t like it at all,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93so fill a brimmer of
my auld auntie\x92s claret, rest her heart! And, as the Hielandman says,
Skioch doch na skiall.\x94

\x93That was what tough old Sir Even Dhu used to say to me when I was out
with the metall\x92d lads in 1689. \x91Craigengelt,\x92 he used to say, \x91you
are as pretty a fellow as ever held steel in his grip, but you have one

\x93If he had known you as long as I have don,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93he would
have found out some twenty more; but hand long stories, give us your
toast, man.\x94

Craigengelt rose, went a-tiptoe to the door, peeped out, shut it
carefully, came back again, clapped his tarnished gold-laced hat on one
side of his head, took his glass in one hand, and touching the hilt of
his hanger with the other, named, \x93The King over the water.\x94

\x93I tell you what it is, Captain Craigengelt,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93I shall
keep my mind to myself on thse subjects, having too much respect for the
memory of my venerable Aunt Girnington to put her lands and tenements
in the way of committing treason against established authority. Bring me
King James to Edinburgh, Captain, with thirty thousand men at his back,
and I\x92ll tell you what I think about his title; but as for running my
neck into a noose, and my good broad lands into the statutory penalties,
\x91in that case made and provided,\x92 rely upon it, you will find me no such
fool. So, when you mean to vapour with your hanger and your dram-cup
in support of treasonable toasts, you must find your liquor and company

\x93Well, then,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93name the toast yourself, and be it what
it like, I\x92ll pledge you, were it a mile to the bottom.\x94

\x93And I\x92ll give you a toast that deserves it, my boy,\x94 said Bucklaw;
\x93what say you to Miss Lucy Ashton?\x94

\x93Up with it,\x94 said the Captain, as he tossed off his brimmer, \x93the
bonniest lass in Lothian! What a pity the old sneckdrawing Whigamore,
her father, is about to throw her away upon that rag of pride and
beggary, the Master of Ravenswood!\x94

\x93That\x92s not quite so clear,\x94 said Bucklaw, in a tone which, though it
seemed indifferent, excited his companion\x92s eager curiosity; and not
that only, but also his hope of working himself into some sort of
confidence, which might make him necessary to his patron, being by no
means satisfied to rest on mere sufferance, if he could form by art or
industry a more permanent title to his favour.

\x93I thought,\x94 said he, after a moment\x92s pause, \x93that was a settled
matter; they are continually together, and nothing else is spoken of
betwixt Lammer Law and Traprain.\x94

\x93They may say what they please,\x94 replied his patron, \x93but I know better;
and I\x92ll give you Miss Lucy Ashton\x92s health again, my boy.\x94

\x93And I woul drink it on my knee,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93if I thought the
girl had the spirit to jilt that d--d son of a Spaniard.\x94

\x93I am to request you will not use the word \x91jilt\x92 and Miss Ashton\x92s name
together,\x94 said Bucklaw, gravely.

\x93Jilt, did I say? Discard, my lad of acres--by Jove, I meant to
discard,\x94 replied Craigengelt; \x93and I hope she\x92ll discard him like
a small card at piquet, and take in the king of hearts, my boy! But

\x93But what?\x94 said his patron.

\x93But yet I know for certain they are hours together alone, and in the
woods and the fields.\x94

\x93That\x92s her foolish father\x92s dotage; that will be soon put out of the
lass\x92s head, if it ever gets into it,\x94 answered Bucklaw. \x93And now fill
your glass again, Captain; I am going to make you happy; I am going to
let you into a secret--a plot--a noosing plot--only the noose is but

\x93A marrying matter?\x94 said Craigengelt, and his jaw fell as he asked the
question, for he suspected that matrimony would render his situation
at Girnington much more precarious than during the jolly days of his
patron\x92s bachelorhood.

\x93Ay, a marriage, man,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93but wherefore droops thy mighty
spirit, and why grow the rubies on they cheek so pale? The board will
have a corner, and the corner will have a trencher, and the trencher
will have a glass beside it; and the board-end shall be filled, and
the trencher and the glass shall be replenished for thee, if all the
petticoats in Lothian had sworn the contrary. What, man! I am not the
boy to put myself into leading-strings.\x94

\x93So says many an honest fellow,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93and some of my
special friends; but, curse me if I know the reason, the women could
never bear me, and always contrived to trundle me out of favour before
the honeymoon was over.\x94

\x93If you could have kept your ground till that was over, you might have
made a good year\x92s pension,\x94 said Bucklaw.

\x93But I never could,\x94 answered the dejected parasite. \x93There was my Lord
Castle-Cuddy--we were hand and glove: I rode his horses, borrowed money
both for him and from him, trained his hawks, and taught him how to lay
his bets; and when he took a fancy of marrying, I married him to Katie
Glegg, whom I thought myself as sure of as man could be of woman. Egad,
she had me out of the house, as if I had run on wheels, within the first

\x93Well!\x94 replied Bucklaw, \x93I think I have nothing of Castle-Cuddy about
me, or Lucy of Katie Glegg. But you see the thing will go on whether you
like it or no; the only question is, will you be useful?\x94

\x93Useful!\x94 exclaimed the Captain, \x93and to thee, my lad of lands, my
darling boy, whom I would tramp barefooted through the world for! Name
time, place, mode, and circumstances, and see if I will not be useful in
all uses that can be devised.\x94

\x93Why, then, you must ride two hundred miles for me,\x94 said the patron.

\x93A thousand, and call them a flea\x92s leap,\x94 answered the dependant; \x93I\x92ll
cause saddle my horse directly.\x94

\x93Better stay till you know where you are to go, and what you are to
do,\x94 quoth Bucklaw. \x93You know I have a kinswoman in Northumberland, Lady
Blenkensop by name, whose old acquaintance I had the misfortune to lose
in the period of my poverty, but the light of whose countenance shone
forth upon me when the sun of my prosperity began to arise.\x94

\x93D--n all such double-faced jades!\x94 exclaimed Craigengelt, heroically;
\x93this I will say for John Craigengelt, that he is his friend\x92s friend
through good report and bad report, poverty and riches; and you know
something of that yourself, Bucklaw.\x94

\x93I have not forgot your merits,\x94 said his patron; \x93I do remember that,
in my extremities, you had a mind to CRIMP me for the service of the
French king, or of the Pretender; and, moreover, that you afterwards
lent me a score of pieces, when, as I firmly believe, you had heard the
news that old Lady Girnington had a touch of the dead palsy. But don\x92t
be downcast, John; I believe, after all, you like me very well in your
way, and it is my misfortune to have no better counsellor at present.
To return to this Lady Blenkensop, you must know, she is a close
confederate of Duchess Sarah.\x94

\x93What! of Sall Jennings?\x94 exclaimed Craigengelt; \x93then she must be a
good one.\x94

\x93Hold your tongue, and keep your Tory rants to yourself, if it be
possible,\x94 said Bucklaw. \x93I tell you, that through the Duchess of
Marlborough has this Northumbrian cousin of mine become a crony of Lady
Ashton, the Keeper\x92s wife, or, I may say, the Lord Keeper\x92s Lady Keeper,
and she has favoured Lady Blenkensop with a visit on her return from
London, and is just now at her old mansion-house on the banks of the
Wansbeck. Now, sir, as it has been the use and wont of these ladies to
consider their husbands as of no importance in the management of their
own families, it has been their present pleasure, without consulting
Sir William Ashton, to put on the tapis a matrimonial alliance, to be
concluded between Lucy Ashton and my own right honourable self, Lady
Ashton acting as self-constituted plenipotentiary on the part of her
daughter and husband, and Mother Blenkensop, equally unaccredited, doing
me the honour to be my representative. You may suppose I was a little
astonished when I found that a treaty, in which I was so considerably
interested, had advanced a good way before I was even consulted.\x94

\x93Capot me! if I think that was according to the rules of the game,\x94 said
his confidant; \x93and pray, what answer did you return?\x94

\x93Why, my first thought was to send the treaty to the devil, and the
negotiators along with it, for a couple of meddling old women; my next
was to laugh very hearily; and my third and last was a settled opinion
that the thing was reasonable, and would suit me well enough.\x94

\x93Why, I thought you had never seen the wench but once, and then she had
her riding-mask on; I am sure you told me so.\x94

\x93Ay, but I liked her very well then. And Ravenswood\x92s dirty usage of
me--shutting me out of doors to dine with the lackeys, because he
had the Lord Keeper, forsooth, and his daughter, to be guests in his
beggarly castle of starvation,--d--n me, Craigengelt, if I ever forgive
him till I play him as good a trick!\x94

\x93No more you should, if you are a lad of mettle,\x94 said Craigengelt, the
matter now taking a turn in which he could sympathise; \x93and if you carry
this wench from him, it will break his heart.\x94

\x93That it will not,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93his heart is all steeled over with
reason and philosophy, things that you, Craigie, know nothing about
more than myself, God help me. But it will break his pride, though, and
that\x92s what I\x92m driving at.\x94

\x93Distance me!\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93but I know the reason now of his
unmannerly behaviour at his old tumble-down tower yonder. Ashamed of
your company?--no, no! Gad, he was afraid you would cut in and carry off
the girl.\x94

\x93Eh! Craigengelt?\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93do you really think so? but no, no!
he is a devilish deal prettier man than I am.\x94 \x93Who--he?\x94 exclaimed the
parasite. \x93He\x92s as black as the crook; and for his size--he\x92s a tall
fellow, to be sure, but give me a light, stout, middle-sized----\x94

\x93Plague on thee!\x94 said Bucklaw, interrupting him, \x93and on me for
listening to you! You would say as much if I were hunch-backed. But as
to Ravenswood--he has kept no terms with me, I\x92ll keep none with him; if
I CAN win this girl from him, I WILL win her.\x94

\x93Win her! \x91sblood, you SHALL win her, point, quint, and quatorze, my
king of trumps; you shall pique, repique, and capot him.\x94

\x93Prithee, stop thy gambling cant for one instant,\x94 said Bucklaw.
\x93Things have come thus far, that I have entertained the proposal of my
kinswoman, agreed to the terms of jointure, amount of fortune, and so
forth, and that the affair is to go forward when Lady Ashton comes down,
for she takes her daughter and her son in her own hand. Now they want me
to send up a confidential person with some writings.\x94

\x93By this good win, I\x92ll ride to the end of the world--the very gates of
Jericho, and the judgment-seat of Prester John, for thee!\x94 ejaculated
the Captain.

\x93Why, I believe you would do something for me, and a great deal for
yourself. Now, any one could carry the writings; but you will have a
little more to do. You must contrive to drop out before my Lady Ashton,
just as if it were a matter of little consequence, the residence of
Ravenswood at her husband\x92s house, and his close intercourse with Miss
Ashton; and you may tell her that all the country talks of a visit from
the Marquis of A----, as it is supposed, to make up the match betwixt
Ravenswood and her daughter. I should like to hear what she says to all
this; for, rat me! if I have any idea of starting for the plate at all
if Ravenswood is to win the race, and he has odds against me already.\x94

\x93Never a bit; the wench has too much sense, and in that belief I drink
her health a third time; and, were time and place fitting, I would drink
it on bended knees, and he that would not pledge me, I would make his
guts garter his stockings.\x94

\x93Hark ye, Craigengelt; as you are going into the society of women of
rank,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93I\x92ll thank you to forget your strange blackguard
oaths and \x91damme\x92s.\x92 I\x92ll write to them, though, that you are a blunt,
untaught fellow.\x94

\x93Ay, ay,\x94 replied Craigengelt--\x93a plain, blunt, honest, downright

\x93Not too honest, not too much of the soldier neither; but such as thou
art, it is my luck to need thee, for I must have spurs put to Lady
Ashton\x92s motions.\x94 \x93I\x92ll dash them up to the rowel-heads,\x94 said
Craigengelt; \x93she shall come here at the gallop, like a cow chased by a
whole nest of hornets, and her tail over her rump like a corkscrew.\x94

\x93And hear ye, Craigie,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93your boots and doublet are good
enough to drink in, as the man says in the play, but they are somewhat
too greasy for tea-table service; prithee, get thyself a little better
rigged out, and here is to pay all charges.\x94

\x93Nay, Bucklaw; on my soul, man, you use me ill. However,\x94 added
Craigengelt, pocketing the money, \x93if you will have me so far indebted
to you, I must be conforming.\x94

\x93Well, horse and away!\x94 said the patron, \x93so soon as you have got your
riding livery in trim. You may ride the black crop-ear; and, hark ye,
I\x92ll make you a present of him to boot.\x94

\x93I drink to the good luck of my mission,\x94 answered the ambassador, \x93in a
half-pint bumper.\x94

\x93I thank ye, Craigie, and pledge you; I see nothing against it but the
father or the girl taking a tantrum, and I am told the mother can wind
them both round her little finger. Take care not to affront her with any
of your Jacobite jargon.\x94

\x93Oh, ay, true--she is a Whig, and a friend of old Sall of Marlborough;
thank my stars, I can hoist any colours at a pinch! I have fought as
hard under John Churchill as ever I did under Dundee or the Duke of

\x93I verily believe you, Craigie,\x94 said the lord of the mansion; \x93but,
Craigie, do you, pray, step down to the cellar, and fetch us up a bottle
of the Burgundy, 1678; it is in the fourth bin from the right-hand turn.
And I say, Craigie, you may fetch up half a dozen whilst you are about
it. Egad, we\x92ll make a night on\x92t!\x94


     And soon they spied the merry-men green,
     And eke the coach and four.

     Duke upon Duke.

CRAIGENGELT set forth on his mission so soon as his equipage was
complete, prosecuted his journey with all diligence, and accomplished
his commission with all the dexterity for which bucklaw had given him
credit. As he arrived with credentials from Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw, he
was extremely welcome to both ladies; and those who are prejudiced
in favour of a new acquaintance can, for a time at least, discover
excellencies in his very faults and perfections in his deficiencies.
Although both ladies were accustomed to good society, yet, being
pre-determined to find out an agreeable and well-behaved gentleman
in Mr. Hayston\x92s friend, they succeeded wonderfully in imposing on
themselves. It is true that Craigengelt was now handsomely dressed, and
that was a point of no small consequence. But, independent of outward
show, his blackguard impudence of address was construed into honourable
bluntness becoming his supposed military profession; his hectoring
passed for courage, and his sauciness for wit. Lest, however, any one
should think this a violation of probability, we must add, in fairness
to the two ladies, that their discernment was greatly blinded, and their
favour propitiated, by the opportune arrival of Captain Craigengelt in
the moment when they were longing for a third hand to make a party at
tredrille, in which, as in all games, whether of chance or skill, that
worthy person was a great proficient.

When he found himself established in favour, his next point was how
best to use it for the furtherance of his patron\x92s views. He found
Lady Ashton prepossessed strongly in favour of the motion which Lady
Blenkensop, partly from regard to her kinswoman, partly from the spirit
of match-making, had not hesitated to propose to her; so that his task
was an easy one. Bucklaw, reformed from his prodigality, was just
the sort of husband which she desired to have for her Shepherdess of
Lammermoor; and while the marriage gave her an easy fortune, and a
respectable country gentleman for her husband, Lady Ashton was
of opinion that her destinies would be fully and most favourably
accomplished. It so chanced, also, that Bucklaw, among his new
acquisitions, had gained the management of a little political interest
in a neighbouring county where the Douglas family originally held large
possessions. It was one of the bosom-hopes of Lady Ashton that her
eldest son, Sholto, should represent this county in the British
Parliament, and she saw this alliance with Bucklaw as a circumstance
which might be highly favourable to her wishes.

Craigengelt, who, in his way, by no means wanted sagacity, no sooner
discovered in what quarter the wind of Lady Ashton\x92s wishes sate, than
he trimmed his course accordingly. \x93There was little to prevent Bucklaw
himself from sitting for the county; he must carry the heat--must walk
the course. Two cousins-german, six more distant kinsmen, his factor and
his chamberlain, were all hollow votes; and the Girnington interest had
always carried, betwixt love and fear, about as many more. But Bucklaw
cared no more about riding the first horse, and that sort of thing, than
he, Craigengelt, did about a game at birkie: it was a pity his interest
was not in good guidance.\x94

All this Lady Ashton drank in with willing and attentive ears, resolving
internally to be herself the person who should take the management of
the political influence of her destined son-in-law, for the benefit of
her eldest-born, Sholto, and all other parties concerned.

When he found her ladyship thus favourably disposed, the Captain
proceeded, to use his employer\x92s phrase, to set spurs to her resolution,
by hinting at the situation of matters at Ravenswood Castle, the long
residence which the heir of that family had made with the Lord Keeper,
and the reports which--though he would be d--d ere he gave credit to any
of them--had been idly circulated in the neighbourhood. It was not the
Captain\x92s cue to appear himself to be uneasy on the subject of these
rumours; but he easily saw from Lady Ashton\x92s flushed cheek, hesitating
voice, and flashing eye, that she had caught the alarm which he intended
to communicate. She had not heard from her husband so often or so
regularly as she though him bound in duty to have written, and of this
very interesting intelligence concerning his visit to the Tower of
Wolf\x92s Crag, and the guest whom, with such cordiality, he had received
at Ravenswood Castle, he had suffered his lady to remain altogether
ignorant, until she now learned it by the chance information of a
stranger. Such concealment approached, in her apprehension, to a
misprision, at last, of treason, if not to actual rebellion against
her matrimonial authority; and in her inward soul she did vow to take
vengeance on the Lord Keeper, as on a subject detected in meditating
revolt. Her indignation burned the more fiercely as she found herself
obliged to suppress it in presence of Lady Blenkensop, the kinswoman,
and of Craigengelt, the confidential friend, of Bucklaw, of whose
alliance she now became trebly desirous, since it occurred to her
alarmed imagination that her husband might, in his policy or timidity,
prefer that of Ravenswood.

The Captain was engineer enough to discover that the train was fired;
and therefore heard, in the course of the same day, without the least
surprise, that Lady Ashton had resolved to abridge her visit to Lady
Blenkensop, and set forth with the peep of morning on her return to
Scotland, using all the despatch which the state of the roads and the
mode of travelling would possibly permit.

Unhappy Lord Keeper! little was he aware what a storm was travelling
towards him in all the speed with which an old-fashioned coach and six
could possibly achieve its journey. He, like Don Gayferos, \x93forgot his
lady fair and true,\x94 and was only anxious about the expected visit
of the Marquis of A----. Soothfast tidings had assured him that this
nobleman was at length, and without fail, to honour his castle at one
in the afternoon, being a late dinner-hour; and much was the bustle in
consequence of the annunciation. The Lord Keeper traversed the chambers,
held consultation with the butler in the cellars, and even ventured, at
the risk of a demele with a cook of a spirit lofty enough to scorn the
admonitions of Lady Ashton herself, to peep into the kitchen. Satisfied,
at length, that everything was in as active a train of preparation as
was possible, he summoned Ravenswood and his daughter to walk upon the
terrace, for the purpose of watching, from that commanding position,
the earliest symptoms of his lordship\x92s approach. For this purpose, with
slow and idle step, he paraded the terrace, which, flanked with a heavy
stone battlement, stretched in front of the castle upon a level with the
first story; while visitors found access to the court by a projecting
gateway, the bartizan or flat-leaded roof of which was accessible from
the terrace by an easy flight of low and broad steps. The whole bore a
resemblance partly to a castle, partly to a nobleman\x92s seat; and though
calculated, in some respects, for defence, evinced that it had been
constructed under a sense of the power and security of the ancient Lords
of Ravenswood.

This pleasant walk commanded a beautiful and extensive view. But what
was most to our present purpose, there were seen from the terrace two
roads, one leading from the east, and one from the westward, which,
crossing a ridge opposed to the eminence on which the castle stood, at
different angles, gradually approached each other, until they joined not
far from the gate of the avenue. It was to the westward approach that
the Lord Keeper, from a sort of fidgeting anxiety, his daughter, from
complaisance to him, and Ravenswood, though feeling some symptoms of
internal impatience, out of complaisance to his daughter, directed their
eyes to see the precursors of the Marquis\x92s approach.

These were not long of presenting themselves. Two running footmen,
dressed in white, with black jockey-caps, and long staffs in their
hands, headed the train; and such was their agility, that they found
no difficulty in keeping the necessary advance, which the etiquette of
their station required, before the carriage and horsemen. Onward
they came at a long swinging trot, arguing unwearied speed in their
long-breathed calling. Such running footmen are often alluded to in old
plays (I would particularly instance Middleton\x92s Mad World, my Masters),
and perhaps may be still remembered by some old persons in Scotland,
as part of the retinue of the ancient nobility when travelling in full
ceremony. Behind these glancing meteors, who footed it as if the Avenger
of Blood had been behind them, came a cloud of dust, raised by riders
who preceded, attended, or followed the state-carriage of the Marquis.

The privilege of nobility, in those days, had something in it impressive
on the imagination. The dresses and liveries and number of their
attendants, their style of travelling, the imposing, and almost warlike,
air of the armed men who surrounded them, place them far above the
laird, who travelled with his brace of footmen; and as to rivalry from
the mercantile part of the community, these would as soon have thought
of imitating the state equipage of the Sovereign. At present it
is different; and I myself, Peter Pattieson, in a late journey to
Edinburgh, had the honour, in the mail-coach phrase to \x93change a leg\x94
 with a peer of the realm. It was not so in the days of which I write;
and the Marquis\x92s approach, so long expected in vain, now took place
in the full pomp of ancient aristocracy. Sir William Ashton was so
much interested in what he beheld, and in considering the ceremonial
of reception, in case any circumstance had been omitted, that he scarce
heard his son Henry exclaim: \x93There is another coach and six coming down
the east road, papa; can they both belong to the Marquis of A----?\x94

At length, when the youngster had fairly compelled his attention by
pulling his sleeve,

     He turned his eyes, and, as he turned, survey\x92d
     An awful vision.

Sure enough, another coach and six, with four servants or outriders in
attendance, was descending the hill from the eastward, at such a pace as
made it doubtful which of the carriages thus approaching from different
quarters would first reach the gate at the extremity of the avenue. The
one coach was green, the other blue; and not the green and blue chariots
in the circus of Rome or Constantinople excited more turmoil among the
citizens than the double apparition occasioned in the mind of the Lord

We all remember the terrible exclamation of the dying profligate, when a
friend, to destroy what he supposed the hypochondriac idea of a spectre
appearing in a certain shape at a given hour, placed before him a person
dressed up in the manner he described. \x93Mon Dieu!\x94 said the expiring
sinner, who, it seems, saw both the real and polygraphic apparition,
\x93il y en a deux!\x94 The surprise of the Lord Keeper was scarcely less
unpleasing at the duplication of the expected arrival; his mind misgave
him strangely. There was no neighbour who would have approached so
unceremoniously, at a time when ceremony was held in such respect. It
must be Lady Ashton, said his conscience, and followed up the hint with
an anxious anticipation of the purpose of her sudden and unannounced
return. He felt that he was caught \x93in the manner.\x94 That the company
in which she had so unluckily surprised him was likely to be highly
distasteful to her, there was no question; and the only hope which
remained for him was her high sense of dignified propriety, which, he
trusted, might prevent a public explosion. But so active were his doubts
and fears as altogether to derange his purposed ceremonial for the
reception of the Marquis.

These feelings of apprehension were not confined to Sir William Ashton.
\x93It is my mother--it is my mother!\x94 said Lucy, turning as pale as ashes,
and clasping her hands together as she looked at Ravenswood.

\x93And if it be Lady Ashton,\x94 said her lover to her in a low tone, \x93what
can be the occasion of such alarm? Surely the return of a lady to
the family from which she has been so long absent should excite other
sensations than those of fear and dismay.\x94

\x93You do not know my mother,\x94 said Miss Ashton, in a tone almost
breathless with terror; \x93what will she say when she sees you in this

\x93My stay has been too long,\x94 said Ravenswood, somewhat haughtily, \x93if
her displeasure at my presence is likely to be so formidable. My dear
Lucy,\x94 he resumed, in a tone of soothing encouragement, \x93you are too
childishly afraid of Lady Ashton; she is a woman of family--a lady
of fashion--a person who must know the world, and what is due to her
husband and her husband\x92s guests.\x94 Lucy shook her head; and, as if
her mother, still at the distance of half a mile, could have seen and
scrutinised her deportment, she withdrew herself from beside Ravenswood,
and, taking her brother Henry\x92s arm, led him to a different part of the
terrace. The Keeper also shuffled down towards the portal of the great
gate, without inviting Ravenswood to accompany him; and thus he remained
standing alone on the terrace, deserted and shunned, as it were, by
the inhabitants of the mansion. This suited not the mood of one who was
proud in proportion to his poverty, and who thought that, in sacrificing
his deep-rooted resentments so far as to become Sir William Ashton\x92s
guest, he conferred a favour, and received none. \x93I can forgive Lucy,\x94
 he said to himself; \x93she is young, timid, and conscious of an important
engagement assumed without her mother\x92s sanction; yet she should
remember with whom it has been assumed, and leave me no reason to
suspect that she is ashamed of her choice. For the Keeper, sense,
spirit, and expression seem to have left his face and manner since he
had the first glimpse of Lady Ashton\x92s carriage. I must watch how this
is to end; and, if they give me reason to think myself an unwelcome
guest, my visit is soon abridged.\x94

With these suspicions floating on his mind, he left the terrace, and
walking towards the stables of the castle, gave directions that his
horse should be kept in readiness, in case he should have occasion to
ride abroad.

In the mean while, the drivers of the two carriages, the approach of
which had occasioned so much dismay at the castle, had become aware of
each other\x92s presence, as they approached upon different lines to
the head of the avenue, as a common centre. Lady Ashton\x92s driver and
postilions instantly received orders to get foremost, if possible, her
ladyship being desirous of despatching her first interview with her
husband before the arrival of these guests, whoever they might happen to
be. On the other hand, the coachman of the Marquis, conscious of his own
dignity and that of his master, and observing the rival charioteer was
mending his pace, resolved, like a true brother of the whip, whether
ancient or modern, to vindicate his right of precedence. So that, to
increase the confusion of the Lord Keeper\x92s understanding, he saw the
short time which remained for consideration abridged by the haste of the
contending coachmen, who, fixing their eyes sternly on each other, and
applying the lash smartly to their horses, began to thunder down the
descent with emulous rapidity, while the horsemen who attended them were
forced to put on to a hand-gallop.

Sir William\x92s only chance now remaining was the possibility of an
overturn, and that his lady or visitor might break their necks. I am
not aware that he formed any distinct wish on the subject, but I have no
reason to think that his grief in either case would have been altogether
inconsolable. This chance, however, also disappeared; for Lady Ashton,
though insensible to fear, began to see the ridicule of running a race
with a visitor of distinction, the goal being the portal of her own
castle, and commanded her coachman, as they approached the avenue, to
slacken his pace, and allow precedence to the stranger\x92s equipage; a
command which he gladly obeyed, as coming in time to save his honour,
the horses of the Marquis\x92s carriage being better, or, at least, fresher
than his own. He restrained his pace, therefore, and suffered the green
coach to enter the avenue, with all its retinue, which pass it occupied
with the speed of a whirlwind. The Marquis\x92s laced charioteer no
sooner found the pas d\x92avance was granted to him than he resumed a more
deliberate pace, at which he advanced under the embowering shade of the
lofty elms, surrounded by all the attendants; while the carriage of Lady
Ashton followed, still more slowly, at some distance.

In the front of the castle, and beneath the portal which admitted guests
into the inner court, stood Sir William Ashton, much perplexed in mind,
his younger son and daughter beside him, and in their rear a train of
attendants of various ranks, in and out of livery. The nobility and
gentry of Scotland, at this period, were remarkable even to extravagance
for the number of their servants, whose services were easily purchased
in a country where men were numerous beyond proportion to the means of
employing them.

The manners of a man trained like Sir William Ashton are too much at his
command to remain long disconcerted with the most adverse concurrence
of circumstances. He received the Marquis, as he alighted from his
equipage, with the usual compliments of welcome; and, as he ushered
him into the great hall, expressed his hope that his journey had been
pleasant. The Marquis was a tall, well-made man, with a thoughtful and
intelligent countenance, and an eye in which the fire of ambition had
for some years replaced the vivacity of youth; a bold, proud expression
of countenance, yet chastened by habitual caution, and the desire
which, as the head of a party, he necessarily entertained of acquiring
popularity. He answered with courtesy the courteous inquiries of the
Lord Keeper, and was formally presented to Miss Ashton, in the course
of which ceremony the Lord Keeper gave the first symptom of what was
chiefly occupying his mind, by introducing his daughter as \x93his wife,
Lady Ashton.\x94

Lucy blushed; the Marquis looked surprised at the extremely juvenile
appearance of his hostess, and the Lord Keeper with difficulty rallied
himself so far as to explain. \x93I should have said my daughter, my lord;
but the truth is, that I saw Lady Ashton\x92s carriage enter the avenue
shortly after your lordship\x92s, and----\x94

\x93Make no apology, my lord,\x94 replied his noble guest; \x93let me entreat
you will wait on your lady, and leave me to cultivate Miss Ashton\x92s
acquaintance. I am shocked my people should have taken precedence of our
hostess at her own gate; but your lordship is aware that I supposed
Lady Ashton was still in the south. Permit me to beseech you will waive
ceremony, and hasten to welcome her.\x94

This was precisely what the Lord Keeper longed to do; and he instantly
profited by his lordship\x92s obliging permission. To see Lady Ashton, and
encounter the first burst of her displeasure in private, might prepare
her, in some degree, to receive her unwelcome guests with due decorum.
As her carriage, therefore, stopped, the arm of the attentive husband
was ready to assist Lady Ashton in dismounting. Looking as if she
saw him not, she put his arm aside, and requested that of Captain
Craigengelt, who stood by the coach with his laced hat under his arm,
having acted as cavaliere servente, or squire in attendance, during the
journey. Taking hold of this respectable person\x92s arm as if to support
her, Lady Ashton traversed the court, uttering a word or two by way
of direction to the servants, but not one to Sir William, who in
vain endeavoured to attract her attention, as he rather followed than
accompanied her into the hall, in which they found the Marquis in close
conversation with the Master of Ravenswood. Lucy had taken the first
opportunity of escaping. There was embarrassment on every countenance
except that of the Marquis of A----; for even Craigengelt\x92s impudence
was hardly able to veil his fear of Ravenswood, an the rest felt the
awkwardness of the position in which they were thus unexpectedly placed.

After waiting a moment to be presented by Sir William Ashton, the
Marquis resolved to introduce himself. \x93The Lord Keeper,\x94 he said,
bowing to Lady Ashton, \x93has just introduced to me his daughter as his
wife; he might very easily present Lady Ashton as his daughter, so
little does she differ from what I remember her some years since. Will
she permit an old acquaintance the privilege of a guest?\x94

He saluted the lady with too good a grace to apprehend a repulse,
and then proceeded: \x93This, Lady Ashton, is a peacemaking visit,
and therefore I presume to introduce my cousin, the young Master of
Ravenswood, to your favourable notice.\x94

Lady Ashton could not choose but courtesy; but there was in her
obeisance an air of haughtiness approaching to contemptuous repulse.
Ravenswood could not choose but bow; but his manner returned the scorn
with which he had been greeted.

\x93Allow me,\x94 she said, \x93to present to your lordship MY friend.\x94
 Craigengelt, with the forward impudence which men of his cast mistake
for ease, made a sliding bow to the Marquis, which he graced by a
flourish of his gold-laced hat. The lady turned to her husband. \x93You
and I, Sir William,\x94 she said, and these were the first words she had
addressed to him, \x93have acquired new acquaintances since we parted; let
me introduce the acquisition I have made to mine--Captain Craigengelt.\x94

Another bow, and another flourish of the gold-laced hat, which was
returned by the Lord Keeper without intimation of former recognition,
and with that sort of anxious readiness which intimated his wish that
peace and amnesty should take place betwixt the contending parties,
including the auxiliaries on both sides. \x93Let me introduce you to the
Master of Ravenswood,\x94 said he to Captain Craigengelt, following up the
same amicable system.

But the Master drew up his tall form to the full extent of his height,
and without so much as looking towards the person thus introduced to
him, he said, in a marked tone: \x93Captain Craigengelt and I are already
perfectly well acquainted with each other.\x94

\x93Perfectly--perfectly,\x94 replied the Captain, in a mumbling tone, like
that of a double echo, and with a flourish of his hat, the circumference
of which was greatly abridged, compared with those which had so
cordially graced his introduction to the Marquis and the Lord Keeper.

Lockhard, followed by three menials, now entered with wine and
refreshments, which it was the fashion to offer as a whet before dinner;
and when they were placed before the guests, Lady Ashton made an apology
for withdrawing her husband from them for some minutes upon business of
special import. The Marquis, of course, requested her ladyship would lay
herself under no restraint; and Craigengelt, bolting with speed a second
glass of racy canary, hastened to leave the room, feeling no great
pleasure in the prospect of being left alone with the Marquis of A----
and the Master of Ravenswood; the presence of the former holding him in
awe, and that of the latter in bodily terror.

Some arrangements about his horse and baggage formed the pretext for
his sudden retreat, in which he persevered, although Lady Ashton gave
Lockhard orders to be careful most particularly to accommodate Captain
Craigengelt with all the attendance which he could possibly require. The
Marquis and the Master of Ravenswood were thus left to communicate to
each other their remarks upon the reception which they had met with,
while Lady Ashton led the way, and her lord followed somewhat like a
condemned criminal, to her ladyship\x92s dressing-room.

So soon as the spouses had both entered, her ladyship gave way to that
fierce audacity of temper which she had with difficulty suppressed, out
of respect to appearances. She shut the door behind the alarmed Lord
Keeper, took the key out of the spring-lock, and with a countenance
which years had not bereft of its haughty charms, and eyes which spoke
at once resolution and resentment, she addressed her astounded husband
in these words: \x93My lord, I am not greatly surprised at the connexions
you have been pleased to form during my absence, they are entirely in
conformity with your birth and breeding; and if I did expect anything
else, I heartily own my error, and that I merit, by having done so, the
disappointment you had prepared for me.\x94

\x93My dear Lady Ashton--my dear Eleanor [Margaret],\x94 said the Lord Keeper,
\x93listen to reason for a moment, and I will convince you I have acted
with all the regard due to the dignity, as well as the interest, of my

\x93To the interest of YOUR family I conceive you perfectly capable of
attending,\x94 returned the indignant lady, \x93and even to the dignity of
your own family also, as far as it requires any looking after. But as
mine happens to be inextricably involved with it, you will excuse me if
I choose to give my own attention so far as that is concerned.\x94

\x93What would you have, Lady Ashton?\x94 said the husband. \x93What is it that
displeases you? Why is it that, on your return after so long an absence,
I am arraigned in this manner?\x94 \x93Ask your own conscience, Sir William,
what has prompted you to become a renegade to your political party and
opinions, and led you, for what I know, to be on the point of marrying
your only daughter to a beggarly Jacobite bankrupt, the inveterate enemy
of your family to the boot.\x94

\x93Why, what, in the name of common sense and common civility, would you
have me do, madam?\x94 answered her husband. \x93Is it possible for me, with
ordinary decency, to turn a young gentleman out of my house, who saved
my daughter\x92s life and my own, but the other morning, as it were?\x94

\x93Saved your life! I have heard of that story,\x94 said the lady. \x93The Lord
Keeper was scared by a dun cow, and he takes the young fellow who killed
her for Guy of Warwick: any butcher from Haddington may soon have an
equal claim on your hospitality.\x94

\x93Lady Ashton,\x94 stammered the Keeper, \x93this is intolerable; and when I am
desirous, too, to make you easy by any sacrifice, if you would but tell
me what you would be at.\x94

\x93Go down to your guests,\x94 said the imperious dame, \x93and make your
apology to Ravenswood, that the arrival of Captain Craigengelt and some
other friends renders it impossible for you to offer him lodgings at the
castle. I expect young Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw.\x94

\x93Good heavens, madam!\x94 ejaculated her husband. \x93Ravenswood to give place
to Craigengelt, a common gambler and an informer! It was all I could do
to forbear desiring the fellow to get out of my house, and I was much
surprised to see him in your ladyship\x92s train.\x94

\x93Since you saw him there, you might be well assured,\x94 answered this meek
helpmate, \x93that he was proper society. As to this Ravenswood, he only
meets with the treatment which, to my certain knowledge, he gave to a
much-valued friend of mine, who had the misfortune to be his guest some
time since. But take your resolution; for, if Ravenswood does not quit
the house, I will.\x94

Sir William Ashton paced up and down the apartment in the most
distressing agitation; fear, and shame, and anger contending against the
habitual deference he was in the use of rendering to his lady. At length
it ended, as is usual with timid minds placed in such circumstances, in
his adopting a mezzo termine--a middle measure.

\x93I tell you frankly, madam, I neither can nor will be guilty of the
incivility you propose to the Master of Ravenswood; he has not deserved
it at my hand. If you will be so unreasonable as to insult a man of
quality under your own roof, I cannot prevent you; but I will not at
least be the agent in such a preposterous proceeding.\x94

\x93You will not?\x94 asked the lady.

\x93No, by heavens, madam!\x94 her husband replied; \x93ask me anything congruent
with common decency, as to drop his acquaintance by degrees, or the
like; but to bid him leave my house is what I will nto and cannot
consent to.\x94

\x93Then the task of supporting the honour of the family will fall on me,
as it has often done before,\x94 said the lady.

She sat down, and hastily wrote a few lines. The Lord Keeper made
another effort to prevent her taking a step so decisive, just as she
opened the door to call her female attendant from the ante-room. \x93Think
what you are doing, Lady Ashton: you are making a mortal enemy of a
young man who is like to have the means of harming us----\x94

\x93Did you ever know a Douglas who feared an enemy?\x94 answered the lady,

\x93Ay, but he is as proud and vindictive as an hundred Douglasses, and an
hundred devils to boot. Think of it for a night only.\x94

\x93Not for another moment,\x94 answered the lady. \x93Here, Mrs. Patullo, give
this billet to young Ravenswood.\x94

\x93To the Master, madam!\x94 said Mrs. Patullo.

\x93Ay, to the Master, if you call him so.\x94

\x93I wash my hands of it entirely,\x94 said the Keeper; \x93and I shall go down
into the garden, and see that Jardine gathers the winter fruit for the

\x93Do so,\x94 said the lady, looking after him with glances of infinite
contempt; \x93and thank God that you leave one behind you as fit to protect
the honour of the family as you are to look after pippins and pears.\x94

The Lord Keeper remained long enough in the garden to give her
ladyship\x92s mind time to explode, and to let, as he thought, at least the
first violence of Ravenswood\x92s displeasure blow over. When he entered
the hall, he found the Marquis of A---- giving orders to some of his
attendants. He seemed in high displeasure, and interrupted an apology
which Sir William had commenced for having left his lordship alone.

\x93I presume, Sir William, you are no stranger to this singular billet
with which MY kinsman of Ravenswood (an emphasis on the word \x91my\x92) has
been favoured by your lady; and, of course, that you are prepared
to receive my adieus. My kinsman is already gone, having thought it
unnecessary to offer any on his part, since all former civilities had
been cancelled by this singular insult.\x94

\x93I protest, my lord,\x94 said Sir William, holding the billet in his hand,
\x93I am not privy to the contents of this letter. I know Lady Ashton is
a warm-tempered and prejudiced woman, and I am sincerely sorry for any
offence that has been given or taken; but I hope your lordship will
consider that a lady----\x94

\x93Should bear herself towards persons of a certain rank with the breeding
of one,\x94 said the Marquis, completing the half-uttered sentence.

\x93True, my lord,\x94 said the unfortunate Keeper; \x93but Lady Ashton is still
a woman----\x94

\x93And, as such, methinks,\x94 said the Marquis, again interrupting him,
\x93should be taught the duties which correspond to her station. But
here she comes, and I will learn from her own mouth the reason of this
extraordinary and unexpected affront offered to my near relation, while
both he and I were her ladyship\x92s guests.\x94

Lady Ashton accordingly entered the apartment at this moment. Her
dispute with Sir William, and a subsequent interview with her daughter,
had not prevented her from attending to the duties of her toilette. She
appeared in full dress; and, from the character of her countenance and
manner, well became the splendour with which ladies of quality then
appeared on such occasions.

The Marquis of A---- bowed haughtily, and she returned the salute with
equal pride and distance of demeanour. He then took from the passive
hand of Sir William Ashton the billet he had given him the moment before
he approached the lady, and was about to speak, when she interrupted
him. \x93I perceive, my lord, you are about to enter upon an unpleasant
subject. I am sorry any such should have occurred at this time, to
interrupt in the slightest degree the respectful reception due to your
lordship; but so it is. Mr. Edgar Ravenswood, for whom I have addressed
the billet in your lordship\x92s hand, has abused the hospitality of this
family, and Sir William Ashton\x92s softness of temper, in order to seduce
a young person into engagements without her parents\x92 consent, and of
which they never can approve.\x94

Both gentlemen answered at once. \x93My kinsman is incapable----\x94 said the
Lord Marquis.

\x93I am confident that my daughter Lucy is still more incapable----\x94 said
the Lord Keeper.

Lady Ashton at once interrupted and replied to them both: \x93My Lord
Marquis, your kinsman, if Mr. Ravenswood has the honour to be so, has
made the attempt privately to secure the affections of this young and
inexperienced girl. Sir William Ashton, your daughter has been simple
enough to give more encouragement than she ought to have done to so very
improper a suitor.\x94

\x93And I think, madam,\x94 said the Lord Keeper, losing his accustomed temper
and patience, \x93that if you had nothing better to tell us, you had better
have kept this family secret to yourself also.\x94

\x93You will pardon me, Sir William,\x94 said the lady, calmly; \x93the noble
Marquis has a right to know the cause of the treatment I have found it
necessary to use to a gentleman whom he calls his blood-relation.\x94

\x93It is a cause,\x94 muttered the Lord Keeper, \x93which has emerged since the
effect has taken place; for, if it exists at all, I am sure she knew
nothing of it when her letter to Ravenswood was written.\x94

\x93It is the first time that I have heard of this,\x94 said the Marquis;
\x93but, since your ladyship has tabled a subject so delicate, permit me
to say, that my kinsman\x92s birth and connexions entitled him to a patient
hearing, and at least a civil refusal, even in case of his being so
ambitious as to raise his eyes to the daughter of Sir William Ashton.\x94

\x93You will recollect, my lord, of what blood Miss Lucy Ashton is come by
the mother\x92s side,\x94 said the lady.

\x93I do remember your descent--from a younger branch of the house of
Angus,\x94 said the Marquis; \x93and your ladyship--forgive me, lady--ought
not to forget that the Ravenswoods have thrice intermarried with the
main stem. Come, madam, I know how matters stand--old and long-fostered
prejudices are difficult to get over, I make every allowance for them; I
ought not, and I would not, otherwise have suffered my kinsman to depart
alone, expelled, in a manner, from this house, but I had hopes of being
a mediator. I am still unwilling to leave you in anger, and shall not
set forward till after noon, as I rejoin the Master of Ravenswood upon
the road a few miles from hence. Let us talk over this matter more

\x93It is what I anxiously desire, my lord,\x94 said Sir William Ashton,
eagerly. \x93Lady Ashton, we will not permit my Lord of A---- to leave us
in displeasure. We must compel him to tarry dinner at the castle.\x94

\x93The castle,\x94 said the lady, \x93and all that it contains, are at the
command of the Marquis, so long as he chooses to honour it with his
residence; but touching the farther discussion of this disagreeable

\x93Pardon me, good madam,\x94 said the Marquis; \x93but I cannot allow you to
express any hasty resolution on a subject so important. I see that more
company is arriving; and, since I have the good fortune to renew my
former acquaintance with Lady Ashton, I hope she will give me leave to
avoid perilling what I prize so highly upon any disagreeable subject of
discussion--at least till we have talked over more pleasant topics.\x94

The lady smiled, courtesied, and gave her hand to the Marquis, by whom,
with all the formal gallantry of the time, which did not permit the
guest to tuck the lady of the house under the arm, as a rustic does his
sweetheart at a wake, she was ushered to the eating-room.

Here they were joined by Bucklaw, Craigengelt, and other neighbours,
whom the Lord Keeper had previously invited to meet the Marquis of
A----. An apology, founded upon a slight indisposition, was alleged
as an excuse for the absence of Miss Ashton, whose seat appeared
unoccupied. The entertainment was splendid to profusion, and was
protracted till a late hour.


     Such was our fallen father\x92s fate,
     Yet better than mine own;
     He shared his exile with his mate,
     I\x92m banish\x92d forth alone.


I WILL not attempt to describe the mixture of indignation and regret
with which Ravenswood left the seat which had belonged to his ancestors.
The terms in which Lady Ashton\x92s billet was couched rendered it
impossible for him, without being deficient in that spirit of which he
perhaps had too much, to remain an instant longer within its walls.
The Marquis, who had his share in the affront, was, nevertheless, still
willing to make some efforts at conciliation. He therefore suffered his
kinsman to depart alone, making him promise, however, that he would wait
for him at the small inn called the Tod\x92s Hole, situated, as our readers
may be pleased to recollect, half-way betwixt Ravenswood Castle and
Wolf\x92s Crag, and about five Scottish miles distant from each. Here the
Marquis proposed to join the Master of Ravenswood, either that night or
the next morning. His own feelings would have induced him to have left
the castle directly, but he was loth to forfeit, without at least one
effort, the advantages which he had proposed from his visit to the Lord
Keeper; and the Master of Ravenswood was, even in the very heat of his
resentment, unwilling to foreclose any chance of reconciliation which
might arise out of the partiality which Sir William Ashton had shown
towards him, as well as the intercessory arguments of his noble kinsman.
He himself departed without a moment\x92s delay, farther than was necessary
to make this arrangement.

At first he spurred his horse at a quick pace through an avenue of the
park, as if, by rapidity of motion, he could stupify the confusion of
feelings with which he was assailed. But as the road grew wilder and
more sequestered, and when the trees had hidden the turrets of the
castle, he gradually slackened his pace, as if to indulge the painful
reflections which he had in vain endeavoured to repress. The path in
which he found himself led him to the Mermaiden\x92s Fountain, and to the
cottage of Alice; and the fatal influence which superstitious belief
attached to the former spot, as well as the admonitions which had
been in vain offered to him by the inhabitant of the latter, forced
themselves upon his memory. \x93Old saws speak truth,\x94 he said to himself,
\x93and the Mermaiden\x92s Well has indeed witnessed the last act of rashness
of the heir of Ravenswood. Alice spoke well,\x94 he continued, \x93and I am
in the situation which she foretold; or rather, I am more deeply
dishonoured--not the dependant and ally of the destroyer of my father\x92s
house, as the old sibyl presaged, but the degraded wretch who has
aspired to hold that subordinate character, and has been rejected with

We are bound to tell the tale as we have received it; and, considering
the distance of the time, and propensity of those through whose mouths
it has passed to the marvellous, this could not be called a Scottish
story unless it manifested a tinge of Scottish superstition. As
Ravenswood approached the solitary fountain, he is said to have met with
the following singular adventure: His horse, which was moving slowly
forward, suddenly interrupted its steady and composed pace, snorted,
reared, and, though urged by the spur, refused to proceed, as if some
object of terror had suddenly presented itself. On looking to the
fountain, Ravenswood discerned a female figure, dressed in a white, or
rather greyish, mantle, placed on the very spot on which Lucy Ashton
had reclined while listening to the fatal tale of love. His immediate
impression was that she had conjectured by which path he would traverse
the park on his departure, and placed herself at this well-known and
sequestered place of rendezvous, to indulge her own sorrow and his
parting interview. In this belief he jumped from his horse, and,
making its bridle fast to a tree, walked hastily towards the
fountain, pronouncing eagerly, yet under his breath, the words, \x93Miss

The figure turned as he addressed it, and displayed to his wondering
eyes the features, not of Lucy Ashton, but of old blind Alice. The
singularity of her dress, which rather resembled a shroud than the
garment of a living woman; the appearance of her person, larger, as
it struck him, than it usually seemed to be; above all, the strange
circumstance of a blind, infirm, and decrepit person being found alone
and at a distance from her habitation (considerable, if her infirmities
be taken into account), combined to impress him with a feeling of wonder
approaching to fear. As he approached, she arose slowly from her seat,
held her shrivelled hand up as if to prevent his coming more near,
and her withered lips moved fast, although no sound issued from them.
Ravenswood stopped; and as, after a moment\x92s pause, he again advanced
towards her, Alice, or her apparition, moved or glided backwards towards
the thicket, still keeping her face turned towards him. The trees soon
hid the form from his sight; and, yielding to the strong and terrific
impression that the being which he had seen was not of this world, the
Master of Ravenswood remained rooted to the ground whereon he had
stood when he caught his last view of her. At length, summoning up his
courage, he advanced to the spot on which the figure had seemed to
be seated; but neither was there pressure of the grass nor any other
circumstance to induce him to believe that what he had seen was real and

Full of those strange thoughts and confused apprehensions which awake
in the bosom of one who conceives he has witnessed some preternatural
appearance, the Master of Ravenswood walked back towards his horse,
frequently, however, looking behind him, not without apprehension, as if
expecting that the vision would reappear. But the apparition, whether
it was real or whether it was the creation of a heated and agitated
imagination, returned not again; and he found his horse sweating and
terrified, as if experiencing that agony of fear with which the presence
of a supernatural being is supposed to agitate the brute creation. The
Master mounted, and rode slowly forward, soothing his steed from time
to time, while the animal seemed internally to shrink and shudder, as
if expecting some new object of fear at the opening of every glade.
The rider, after a moment\x92s consideration, resolved to investigate the
matter further. \x93Can my eyes have deceived me,\x94 he said, \x93and deceived
me for such a space of time? Or are this woman\x92s infirmities but
feigned, in order to excite compassion? And even then, her motion
resembled not that of a living and existing person. Must I adopt the
popular creed, and think that the unhappy being has formed a league with
the powers of darkness? I am determined to be resolved; I will not brook
imposition even from my own eyes.\x94

In this uncertainty he rode up to the little wicket of Alice\x92s garden.
Her seat beneath the birch-tree was vacant, though the day was pleasant
and the sun was high. He approached the hut, and heard from within the
sobs and wailing of a female. No answer was returned when he knocked,
so that, after a moment\x92s pause, he lifted the latch and entered. It
was indeed a house of solitude and sorrow. Stretched upon her miserable
pallet lay the corpse of the last retainer of the house of Ravenswood
who still abode on their paternal domains! Life had but shortly
departed; and the little girl by whom she had been attended in her last
moments was wringing her hands and sobbing, betwixt childish fear and
sorrow, over the body of her mistress.

The Master of Ravenswood had some difficulty to compose the terrors
of the poor child, whom his unexpected appearance had at first rather
appalled than comforted; and when he succeeded, the first expression
which the girl used intimated that \x93he had come too late.\x94 Upon
inquiring the meaning of this expression, he learned that the deceased,
upon the first attack of the mortal agony, had sent a peasant to the
castle to beseech an interview of the Master of Ravenswood, and had
expressed the utmost impatience for his return. But the messengers of
the poor are tardy and negligent: the fellow had not reached the castle,
as was afterwards learned, until Ravenswood had left it, and had then
found too much amusement among the retinue of the strangers to return in
any haste to the cottage of Alice. Meantime her anxiety of mind seemed
to increase with the agony of her body; and, to use the phrase of
Babie, her only attendant, \x93she prayed powerfully that she might see
her master\x92s son once more, and renew her warning.\x94 She died just as the
clock in the distant village tolled one; and Ravenswood remembered, with
internal shuddering, that he had heard the chime sound through the wood
just before he had seen what he was now much disposed to consider as the
spectre of the deceased.

It was necessary, as well from his respect to the departed as in common
humanity to her terrified attendant, that he should take some measures
to relieve the girl from her distressing situation. The deceased,
he understood, had expressed a desire to be buried in a solitary
churchyard, near the little inn of the Tod\x92s Hole, called the Hermitage,
or more commonly Armitage, in which lay interred some of the Ravenswood
family, and many of their followers. Ravenswood conceived it his duty
to gratify this predilection, commonly found to exist among the Scottish
peasantry, and despatched Babie to the neighbouring village to procure
the assistance of some females, assuring her that, in the mean while, he
would himself remain with the dead body, which, as in Thessaly of old,
it is accounted highly unfit to leave without a watch.

Thus, in the course of a quarter of an hour or little more, he found
himself sitting a solitary guard over the inanimate corpse of her whose
dismissed spirit, unless his eyes had strangely deceived him, had so
recently manifested itself before him. Notwithstanding his natural
courage, the Master was considerably affected by a concurrence of
circumstances so extraordinary. \x93She died expressing her eager desire
to see me. Can it be, then,\x94 was his natural course of reflection--\x93can
strong and earnest wishes, formed during the last agony of nature,
survive its catastrophe, surmount the awful bounds of the spiritual
world, and place before us its inhabitants in the hues and colouring of
life? And why was that manifested to the eye which could not unfold its
tale to the ear? and wherefore should a breach be made in the laws
of nature, yet its purpose remain unknown? Vain questions, which only
death, when it shall make me like the pale and withered form before me,
can ever resolve.\x94

He laid a cloth, as he spoke, over the lifeless face, upon whose
features he felt unwilling any longer to dwell. He then took his place
in an old carved oaken chair, ornamented with his own armorial bearings,
which Alice had contrived to appropriate to her own use in the pillage
which took place among creditors, officers, domestics, and messengers of
the law when his father left Ravenswood Castle for the last time. Thus
seated, he banished, as much as he could, the superstitious feelings
which the late incident naturally inspired. His own were sad enough,
without the exaggeration of supernatural terror, since he found himself
transferred from the situation of a successful lover of Lucy Ashton, and
an honoured and respected friend of her father, into the melancholy
and solitary guardian of the abandoned and forsaken corpse of a common

He was relieved, however, from his sad office sooner that he could
reasonably have expected, considering the distance betwixt the hut of
the deceased and the village, and the age and infirmities of three old
women who came from thence, in military phrase, to relieve guard upon
the body of the defunct. On any other occasion the speed of these
reverend sibyls would have been much more moderate, for the first was
eighty years of age and upwards, the second was paralytic, and the third
lame of a leg from some accident. But the burial duties rendered to the
deceased are, to the Scottish peasant of either sex, a labour of love.
I know not whether it is from the temper of the people, grave and
enthusiastic as it certainly is, or from the recollection of the ancient
Catholic opinions, when the funeral rites were always considered as a
period of festival to the living; but feasting, good cheer, and even
inebriety, were, and are, the frequent accompaniments of a Scottish
old-fashioned burial. What the funeral feast, or \x93dirgie,\x94 as it is
called, was to the men, the gloomy preparations of the dead body for the
coffin were to the women. To straight the contorted limbs upon a board
used for that melancholy purpose, to array the corpse in clean linen,
and over that in its woollen shroad, were operations committed always to
the old matrons of the village, and in which they found a singular and
gloomy delight.

The old women paid the Master their salutations with a ghastly smile,
which reminded him of the meeting betwixt Macbeth and the witches on
the blasted heath of Forres. He gave them some money, and recommended to
them the charge of the dead body of their contemporary, an office which
they willingly undertook; intimating to him at the same time that
he must leave the hut, in order that they might begin their mournful
duties. Ravenswood readily agreed to depart, only tarrying to recommend
to them due attention to the body, and to receive information where
he was to find the sexton, or beadle, who had in charge the deserted
churchyard of the Armitage, in order to prepare matters for the
reception of Old Alice in the place of repose which she had selected for

\x93Ye\x92ll no be pinched to find out Johnie Mortsheugh,\x94 said the elder
sibyl, and still her withered cheek bore a grisly smile; \x93he dwells near
the Tod\x92s Hole, an house of entertainment where there has been mony a
blythe birling, for death and drink-draining are near neighbours to ane

\x93Ay! and that\x92s e\x92en true, cummer,\x94 said the lame hag, propping herself
with a crutch which supported the shortness of her left leg, \x93for I mind
when the father of this Master of Ravenswood that is now standing before
us sticked young Blackhall with his whinger, for a wrang word said ower
their wine, or brandy, or what not: he gaed in as light as a lark, and
he came out wi\x92 his feet foremost. I was at the winding of the corpse;
and when the bluid was washed off, he was a bonny bouk of man\x92s body.\x94
 It may be easily believed that this ill-timed anecdote hastened the
Master\x92s purpose of quitting a company so evil-omened and so odious.
Yet, while walking to the tree to which his horse was tied, and busying
himself with adjusting the girths of the saddle, he could not avoid
hearing, through the hedge of the little garden, a conversation
respecting himself, betwixt the lame woman and the octogenarian sibyl.
The pair had hobbled into the garden to gather rosemary, southernwood,
rue, and other plants proper to be strewed upon the body, and burned by
way of fumigation in the chimney of the cottage. The paralytic wretch,
almost exhausted by the journey, was left guard upon the corpse, lest
witches or fiends might play their sport with it.

The following law, croaking dialogue was necessarily overheard by the
Master of Ravenswood:

\x93That\x92s a fresh and full-grown hemlock, Annie Winnie; mony a cummer lang
syne wad hae sought nae better horse to flee over hill and how, through
mist and moonlight, and light down in the King of France\x92s cellar.\x94

\x93Ay, cummer! but the very deil has turned as hard-hearted now as the
Lord Keeper and the grit folk, that hae breasts like whinstane. They
prick us and they pine us, and they pit us on the pinnywinkles for
witches; and, if I say my prayers backwards ten times ower, Satan will
never gie me amends o\x92 them.\x94

\x93Did ye ever see the foul thief?\x94 asked her neighbour.

\x93Na!\x94 replied the other spokeswoman; \x93but I trow I hae dreamed of him
mony a time, and I think the day will come they will burn me for\x92t. But
ne\x92er mind, cummer! we hae this dollar of the Master\x92s, and we\x92ll send
doun for bread and for yill, and tobacco, and a drap brandy to burn, and
a wee pickle saft sugar; and be there deil, or nae deil, lass, we\x92ll hae
a merry night o\x92t.\x94

Here her leathern chops uttered a sort of cackling, ghastly laugh,
resembling, to a certain degree, the cry of the screech-owl.

\x93He\x92s a frank man, and a free-handed man, the Master,\x94 said Annie
Winnie, \x93and a comely personage--broad in the shouthers, and narrow
around the lunyies. He wad mak a bonny corpse; I wad like to hae the
streiking and winding o\x92 him.\x94

\x93It is written on his brow, Annie Winnie,\x94 returned the octogenarian,
her companion, \x93that hand of woman, or of man either, will never
straught him: dead-deal will never be laid on his back, make you your
market of that, for I hae it frae a sure hand.\x94

\x93Will it be his lot to die on the battle-ground then, Ailsie Gourlay?
Will he die by the sword or the ball, as his forbears had dune before
him, mony ane o\x92 them?\x94 \x93Ask nae mair questions about it--he\x92ll no be
graced sae far,\x94 replied the sage.

\x93I ken ye are wiser than ither folk, Aislie Gourlay. But wha tell\x92d ye
this?\x94 \x93Fashna your thumb about that, Annie Winnie,\x94 answered the sibyl,
\x93I hae it frae a hand sure eneugh.\x94

\x93But ye said ye never saw the foul thief,\x94 reiterated her inquisitive

\x93I hae it frae as sure a hand,\x94 said Ailsie, \x93and frae them that spaed
his fortune before the sark gaed ower his head.\x94

\x93Hark! I hear his horse\x92s feet riding aff,\x94 said the other; \x93they dinna
sound as if good luck was wi\x92 them.\x94

\x93Mak haste, sirs,\x94 cried the paralytic hag from the cottage, \x93and let
us do what is needfu\x92, and say what is fitting; for, if the dead corpse
binna straughted, it will girn and thraw, and that will fear the best o\x92

Ravenswood was now out of hearing. He despised most of the ordinary
prejudices about witchcraft, omens, and vaticination, to which his age
and country still gave such implicit credit that to express a doubt of
them was accounted a crime equal to the unbelief of Jews or Saracens; he
knew also that the prevailing belief, concerning witches, operating
upon the hypochondriac habits of those whom age, infirmity, and poverty
rendered liable to suspicion, and enforced by the fear of death and the
pangs of the most cruel tortures, often extorted those confessions which
encumber and disgrace the criminal records of Scotland during the 17th
century. But the vision of that morning, whether real or imaginary,
had impressed his mind with a superstitious feeling which he in vain
endeavoured to shake off. The nature of the business which awaited him
at the little inn, called Tod\x92s Hole, where he soon after arrived, was
not of a kind to restore his spirits.

It was necessary he should see Mortsheugh, the sexton of the old
burial-ground at Armitage, to arrange matters for the funeral of Alice;
and, as the man dwelt near the place of her late residence, the Master,
after a slight refreshment, walked towards the place where the body of
Alice was to be deposited. It was situated in the nook formed by the
eddying sweep of a stream, which issued from the adjoining hills. A rude
cavern in an adjacent rock, which, in the interior, was cut into the
shape of a cross, formed the hermitage, where some Saxon saint had in
ancient times done penance, and given name to the place. The rich
Abbey of Coldinghame had, in latter days, established a chapel in
the neighbourhood, of which no vestige was now visible, though the
churchyard which surrounded it was still, as upon the present occasion,
used for the interment of particular persons. One or two shattered
yew-trees still grew within the precincts of that which had once been
holy ground. Warriors and barons had been buried there of old, but
their names were forgotten, and their monuments demolished. The only
sepulchral memorials which remained were the upright headstones which
mark the graves of persons of inferior rank. The abode of the sexton was
a solitary cottage adjacent to the ruined wall of the cemetery, but so
low that, with its thatch, which nearly reached the ground, covered with
a thick crop of grass, fog, and house-leeks, it resembled an overgrown
grave. On inquiry, however, Ravenswood found that the man of the last
mattock was absent at a bridal, being fiddler as well as grave-digger to
the vicinity. He therefore retired to the little inn, leaving a message
that early next morning he would again call for the person whose double
occupation connected him at once with the house of mourning and the
house of feasting.

An outrider of the Marquis arrived at Tod\x92s Hole shortly after, with a
message, intimating that his master would join Ravenswood at that place
on the following morning; and the Master, who would otherwise have
proceeded to his old retreat at Wolf\x92s Crag, remained there accordingly
to give meeting to his noble kinsman.


     Hamlet: Has this fellow no feeling of his business? he sings
     at grave making.
     Horatio:   Custom hath made it in him a property of easiness.
     Hamlet: \x91Tis e\x92en so: the hand of little employment hath the
     daintier sense.

     Hamlet, Act V. Scene 1.

THE sleep of Ravenswood was broken by ghastly and agitating visions, and
his waking intervals disturbed by melancholy reflections on the past and
painful anticipations of the future. He was perhaps the only traveller
who ever slept in that miserable kennel without complaining of his
lodgings, or feeling inconvenience from their deficiencies. It is when
\x93the mind is free the body\x92s delicate.\x94 Morning, however, found the
Master an early riser, in hopes that the fresh air of the dawn might
afford the refreshment which night had refused him. He took his way
towards the solitary burial-ground, which lay about half a mile from the

The thin blue smoke, which already began to curl upward, and to
distinguish the cottage of the living from the habitation of the dead,
apprised him that its inmate had returned and was stirring. Accordingly,
on entering the little churchyard, he saw the old man labouring in a
half-made grave. \x93My destiny,\x94 thought Ravenswood, \x93seems to lead me to
scenes of fate and of death; but these are childish thoughts, and they
shall not master me. I will not again suffer my imagination to beguile
my senses.\x94 The old man rested on his spade as the Master approached
him, as if to receive his commands; and as he did not immediately speak,
the sexton opened the discourse in his own way.

\x93Ye will be a wedding customer, sir, I\x92se warrant?\x94

\x93What makes you think so, friend?\x94 replied the Master.

\x93I live by twa trades, sir,\x94 replied the blythe old man--\x93fiddle, sir,
and spade; filling the world, and emptying of it; and I suld ken baith
cast of customers by head-mark in thirty years\x92 practice.\x94

\x93You are mistaken, however, this morning,\x94 replied Ravenswood.

\x93Am I?\x94 said the old man, looking keenly at him, \x93troth and it may be;
since, for as brent as your brow is, there is something sitting upon it
this day that is as near akin to death as to wedlock. Weel--weel; the
pick and shovel are as ready to your order as bow and fiddle.\x94

\x93I wish you,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93to look after the decent interment
of an old woman, Alice Gray, who lived at the Graigfoot in Ravenswood

\x93Alice Gray!--blind Alice!\x94 said the sexton; \x93and is she gane at last?
that\x92s another jow of the bell to bid me be ready. I mind when Habbie
Gray brought her down to this land; a likely lass she was then,
and looked ower her southland nose at us a\x92. I trow her pride got a
downcome. And is she e\x92en gane?\x94

\x93She died yesterday,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93and desired to be buried here
beside her husband; you know where he lies, no doubt?\x94

\x93Ken where he lies!\x94 answered the sexton, with national indirection of
response. \x93I ken whar a\x92body lies, that lies here. But ye were speaking
o\x92 her grave? Lord help us, it\x92s no an ordinar grave that will haud her
in, if a\x92s true that folk said of Alice in her auld days; and if I gae
to six feet deep--and a warlock\x92s grave shouldna be an inch mair ebb,
or her ain witch cummers would soon whirl her out of her shroud for a\x92
their auld acquaintance--and be\x92t six feet, or be\x92t three, wha\x92s to pay
the making o\x92t, I pray ye?\x94

\x93I will pay that, my friend, and all other reasonable charges.\x94

\x93Reasonable charges!\x94 said the sexton; \x93ou, there\x92s grundmail--and
bell-siller, though the bell\x92s broken, nae doubt--and the kist--and my
day\x92s wark--and my bit fee--and some brandy and yill to the dirgie, I am
no thinking that you can inter her, to ca\x92 decently, under saxteen pund

\x93There is the money, my friend,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93and something over.
Be sure you know the grave.\x94

\x93Ye\x92ll be ane o\x92 her English relations, I\x92se warrant,\x94 said the hoary
man of skulls; \x93I hae heard she married far below her station. It was
very right to let her bite on the bridle when she was living, and it\x92s
very right to gie her a decent burial now she\x92s dead, for that\x92s a
matter o\x92 credit to yoursell rather than to her. Folk may let their
kindred shift for themsells when they are alive, and can bear the burden
of their ain misdoings; but it\x92s an unnatural thing to let them be
buried like dogs, when a\x92 the discredit gangs to the kindred. What kens
the dead corpse about it?\x94

\x93You would not have people neglect their relations on a bridal occasion
neither?\x94 said Ravenswood, who was amused with the professional
limitation of the grave-digger\x92s philanthropy.

The old man cast up his sharp grey eyes with a shrewd smile, as if he
understood the jest, but instantly continued, with his former gravity:
\x93Bridals--wha wad neglect bridals that had ony regard for plenishing
the earth? To be sure, they suld be celebrated with all manner of good
cheer, and meeting of friends, and musical instruments--harp,
sackbut, and psaltery; or gude fiddle and pipes, when these auld-warld
instruments of melody are hard to be compassed.\x94

\x93The presence of the fiddle, I dare say,\x94 replied Ravenswood, \x93would
atone for the absence of all the others.\x94

The sexton again looked sharply up at him, as he answered. \x93Nae
doubt--nae doubt, if it were weel played; but yonder,\x94 he said, as if
to change the discourse, \x93is Halbert Gray\x92s lang hame, that ye were
speering after, just the third bourock beyond the muckle through-stane
that stands on sax legs yonder, abune some ane of the Ravenswoods; for
there is mony of their kin and followers here, deil lift them! though it
isna just their main burial-place.\x94

\x93They are no favourites, then, of yours, these Ravenswoods?\x94 said the
Master, no much pleased with the passing benediction which was thus
bestowed on his family and name.

\x93I kenna wha should favour them,\x94 said the grave-digger; \x93when they
had lands and power, they were ill guides of them baith, and now their
head\x92s down, there\x92s few care how lang they may be of lifting it again.\x94

\x93Indeed!\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93I never heard that this unhappy family
deserved ill-will at the hands of their country. I grant their poverty,
if that renders them contemptible.\x94

\x93It will gang a far way till\x92t\x94 said the sexton of Hermitage, \x93ye may
tak my word for that; at least, I ken naething else that suld mak myself
contemptible, and folk are far frae respecting me as they wad do if I
lived in a twa-lofted sclated house. But as for the Ravenswoods, I hae
seen three generations of them, and deil ane to mend other.\x94

\x93I thought they had enjoyed a fair character in the country,\x94 said their

\x93Character! Ou, ye see, sir,\x94 said the sexton, \x93as for the auld gudesire
body of a lord, I lived on his land when I was a swanking young chield,
and could hae blawn the trumpet wi\x92 ony body, for I had wind eneugh
then; and touching this trumpeter Marine that I have heard play afore
the lords of the circuit, I wad hae made nae mair o\x92 him than of a bairn
and a bawbee whistle. I defy him to hae played \x91Boot and saddle,\x92
or \x91Horse and away,\x92 or \x91Gallants, come trot,\x92 with me; he hadna the

\x93But what is all this to old Lord Ravenswood, my friend?\x94 said the
Master, who, with an anxiety not unnatural in his circumstances, was
desirous of prosecuting the musician\x92s first topic--\x93what had his memory
to do with the degeneracy of the trumpet music?\x94

\x93Just this, sir,\x94 answered the sexton, \x93that I lost my wind in his
service. Ye see I was trumpeter at the castle, and had allowance for
blawing at break of day, and at dinner time, and other whiles when
there was company about, and it pleased my lord; and when he raised his
militia to caper awa\x92 to Bothwell Brig against the wrang-headed westland
Whigs, I behoved, reason or name, to munt a horse and caper awa\x92 wi\x92

\x93And very reasonable,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93you were his servant and

\x93Servitor, say ye?\x94 replied the sexton, \x93and so I was; but it was to
blaw folk to their warm dinner, or at the warst to a decent kirkyard,
and no to skirl them awa\x92 to a bluidy braeside, where there was deil a
bedral but the hooded craw. But bide ye, ye shall hear what cam o\x92t, and
how far I am bund to be bedesman to the Ravenswoods. Till\x92t, ye see, we
gaed on a braw simmer morning, twenty-fourth of June, saxteen hundred
and se\x92enty-nine, of a\x92 the days of the month and year--drums beat, guns
rattled, horses kicked and trampled. Hackstoun of Rathillet keepit the
brig wi\x92 mustket and carabine and pike, sword and scythe for what I ken,
and we horsemen were ordered down to cross at the ford,--I hate fords
at a\x92 times, let abee when there\x92s thousands of armed men on the other
side. There was auld Ravenswood brandishing his Andrew Ferrara at the
head, and crying to us to come and buckle to, as if we had been gaun to
a fair; there was Caleb Balderstone, that is living yet, flourishing in
the rear, and swearing Gog and Magog, he would put steel through the guts
of ony man that turned bridle; there was young Allan Ravenswood, that
was then Master, wi\x92 a bended pistol in his hand--it was a mercy it gaed
na aff!--crying to me, that had scarce as much wind left as serve the
necessary purpose of my ain lungs, \x91Sound, you poltroon!--sound, you
damned cowardly villain, or I will blow your brains out!\x92 and, to be
sure, I blew sic points of war that the scraugh of a clockin-hen was
music to them.\x94

\x93Well, sir, cut all this short,\x94 said Ravenswood.

\x93Short! I had like to hae been cut short mysell, in the flower of my
youth, as Scripture says; and that\x92s the very thing that I compleen o\x92.
Weel! in to the water we behoved a\x92 to splash, heels ower head, sit or
fa\x92--ae horse driving on anither, as is the way of brute beasts, and
riders that hae as little sense; the very bushes on the ither side were
a-bleeze wi\x92 the flashes of the Whig guns; and my horse had just taen the
grund, when a blackavised westland carle--I wad mind the face o\x92 him a
hundred years yet--an ee like a wild falcon\x92s, and a beard as broad
as my shovel--clapped the end o\x92 his lang black gun within a quarter\x92s
length of my lug! By the grace o\x92 Mercy, the horse swarved round, and I
fell aff at the tae side as the ball whistled by at the tither, and the
fell auld lord took the Whig such a swauk wi\x92 his broadsword that he
made twa pieces o\x92 his head, and down fell the lurdance wi\x92 a\x92 his bouk
abune me.\x94

\x93You were rather obliged to the old lord, I think,\x94 said Ravenswood.

\x93Was I? my sartie! first for bringing me into jeopardy, would I nould I,
and then for whomling a chield on the tap o\x92 me that dang the very wind
out of my body? I hae been short-breathed ever since, and canna gang
twenty yards without peghing like a miller\x92s aiver.\x94

\x93You lost, then, your place as trumpeter?\x94 said Ravenswood.

\x93Lost it! to be sure I lost it,\x94 replied the sexton, \x93for I couldna hae
played pew upon a dry hemlock; but I might hae dune weel eneugh, for
I keepit the wage and the free house, and little to do but play on the
fiddle to them, but for Allan, last Lord Ravenswood, that was far waur
than ever his father was.\x94

\x93What,\x94 said the Master, \x93did my father--I mean, did his father\x92s
son--this last Lord Ravenswood, deprive you of what the bounty of his
father allowed you?\x94

\x93Ay, troth did he,\x94 answered the old man; \x93for he loot his affairs gang
to the dogs, and let in this Sir William Ashton on us, that will gie
naething for naething, and just removed me and a\x92 the puir creatures
that had bite and soup at the castle, and a hole to put our heads in,
when things were in the auld way.\x94

\x93If Lord Ravenswood protected his people, my friend, while he had the
means of doing so, I think they might spare his memory,\x94 replied the

\x93Ye are welcome to your ain opinion, sir,\x94 said the sexton; \x93but ye
winna persuade me that he did his duty, either to himsell or to huz puir
dependent creatures, in guiding us the gate he has done; he might hae
gien us life-rent tacks of our bits o\x92 houses and yards; and me, that\x92s
an auld man, living in yon miserable cabin, that\x92s fitter for the dead
than the quick, and killed wi\x92 rheumatise, and John Smith in my dainty
bit mailing, and his window glazen, and a\x92 because Ravenswood guided his
gear like a fule!\x94

\x93It is but too true,\x94 said Ravenswood, conscience-struck; \x93the penalties
of extravagance extend far beyond the prodigal\x92s own sufferings.\x94
 \x93However,\x94 said the sexton, \x93this young man Edgar is like to avenge my
wrangs on the haill of his kindred.\x94 \x93Indeed?\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93why
should you suppose so?\x94

\x93They say he is about to marry the daughter of Leddy Ashton; and let her
leddyship get his head ance under her oxter, and see you if she winna
gie his neck a thraw. Sorra a bit, if I were him! Let her alane for
hauding a\x92thing in het water that draws near her. Sae the warst wish I
shall wish the lad is, that he may take his ain creditable gate o\x92t, and
ally himsell wi\x92 his father\x92s enemies, that have taken his broad lands
and my bonny kail-yard from the lawful owners thereof.\x94

Cervantes acutely remarks, that flattery is pleasing even from the mouth
of a madman; and censure, as well as praise, often affects us, while we
despise the opinions and motives on which it is founded and expressed.
Ravenswood, abruptly reiterating his command that Alice\x92s funeral should
be attended to, flung away from the sexton, under the painful impression
that the great as well as the small vulgar would think of his engagement
with Lucy like this ignorant and selfish peasant.

\x93And I have stooped to subject myself to these calumnies, and am
rejected notwithstanding! Lucy, your faith must be true and perfect as
the diamond to compensate for the dishonour which men\x92s opinions, and
the conduct of your mother, attach to the heir of Ravenswood!\x94

As he raised his eyes, he beheld the Marquis of A----, who, having
arrived at the Tod\x92s Hole, had walked forth to look for his kinsman.

After mutual greetings, he made some apology to the Master for not
coming forward on the preceding evening. \x93It was his wish,\x94 he said,
\x93to have done so, but he had come to the knowledge of some matters which
induced him to delay his purpose. I find,\x94 he proceeded, \x93there has been
a love affair here, kinsman; and though I might blame you for not
having communicated with me, as being in some degree the chief of your

\x93With your lordship\x92s permission,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93I am deeply
grateful for the interest you are pleased to take in me, but _I_ am the
chief and head of my family.\x94

\x93I know it--I know it,\x94 said the Marquis; \x93in a strict heraldic and
genealogical sense, you certainly are so; what I mean is, that being in
some measure under my guardianship----\x94

\x93I must take the liberty to say, my lord----\x94 answered Ravenswood, and
the tone in which he interrupted the Marquis boded no long duration to
the friendship of the noble relatives, when he himself was interrupted
by the little sexton, who cam puffing after them, to ask if their
honours would choose music at the change-house to make up for short

\x93We want no music,\x94 said the Master, abruptly.

\x93Your honour disna ken what ye\x92re refusing, then,\x94 said the fiddler,
with the impertinent freedom of his profession. \x93I can play, \x91Wilt thou
do\x92t again,\x92 and \x91The Auld Man\x92s Mear\x92s Dead,\x92 sax times better than
ever Patie Birnie. I\x92ll get my fiddle in the turning of a coffin-screw.\x94

\x93Take yourself away, sir,\x94 said the Marquis.

\x93And if your honour be a north-country gentleman,\x94 said the persevering
minstrel, \x93whilk I wad judge from your tongue, I can play \x91Liggeram
Cosh,\x92 and \x91Mullin Dhu,\x92 and \x91The Cummers of Athole.\x92\x94

\x93Take yourself away, friend; you interrupt our conversation.\x94

\x93Or if, under your honour\x92s favour, ye should happen to be a
thought honest, I can play (this in a low and confidential tone)
\x91Killiecrankie,\x92 and \x91The King shall hae his ain,\x92 and \x91The Auld Stuarts
back again\x92; and the wife at the change-house is a decent, discreet
body, neither kens nor cares what toasts are drucken, and what tunes
are played, in her house: she\x92s deaf to a\x92thing but the clink o\x92 the

The Marquis, who was sometimes suspected of Jacobitism, could not help
laughing as he threw the fellow a dollar, and bid him go play to the
servants if he had a mind, and leave them at peace.

\x93Aweel, gentlemen,\x94 said he, \x93I am wishing your honours gude day. I\x92ll
be a\x92 the better of the dollar, and ye\x92ll be the waur of wanting music,
I\x92se tell ye. But I\x92se gang hame, and finish the grave in the tuning o\x92
a fiddle-string, lay by my spade, and then get my tother bread-winner,
and awa\x92 to your folk, and see if they hae better lugs than their


     True love, an thou be true,
     Thou has ane kittle part to play;
     For fortune, fashion, fancy, and thou,
     Maun strive for many a day.

     I\x92ve kend by mony a friend\x92s tale,
     Far better by this heart of mine,
     What time and change of fancy avail
     A true-love knot to untwine.


\x93I WISHED to tell you, my good kinsman,\x94 said the Marquis, \x93now that we
are quit of that impertinent fiddler, that I had tried to discuss this
love affair of yours with Sir William Ashton\x92s daughter. I never saw
the young lady but for a few minutes to-day; so, being a stranger to her
personal merits, I pay a compliment to you, and offer her no offence, in
saying you might do better.\x94

\x93My lord, I am much indebted for the interest you have taken in my
affairs,\x94 said Ravenswood. \x93I did not intend to have troubled you in any
matter concerning Miss Ashton. As my engagement with that young lady has
reached your lordship, I can only say, that you must necessarily suppose
that I was aware of the objections to my marrying into her father\x92s
family, and of course must have been completely satisfied with the
reasons by which these objections are overbalanced, since I have
proceeded so far in the matter.\x94

\x93Nay, Master, if you had heard me out,\x94 said his noble relation, \x93you
might have spared that observation; for, without questioning that you
had reasons which seemed to you to counterbalance every other obstacle,
I set myself, by every means that it became me to use towards the
Ashtons, to persuade them to meet your views.\x94

\x93I am obliged to your lordship for your unsolicited intercession,\x94 said
Ravenswood; \x93especially as I am sure your lordship would never carry it
beyond the bounds which it became me to use.\x94

\x93Of that,\x94 said the Marquis, \x93you may be confident; I myself felt the
delicacy of the matter too much to place a gentleman nearly connected
with my house in a degrading or dubious situation with these Ashtons.
But I pointed out all the advantages of their marrying their daughter
into a house so honourable, and so nearly related with the first of
Scotland; I explained the exact degree of relationship in which the
Ravenswoods stand to ourselves; and I even hinted how political matters
were like to turn, and what cards would be trumps next Parliament. I
said I regarded you as a son--or a nephew, or so--rather than as a more
distant relation; and that I made your affair entirely my own.\x94

\x93And what was the issue of your lordship\x92s explanation?\x94 said
Ravenswood, in some doubt whether he should resent or express gratitude
for his interference.

\x93Why, the Lord Keeper would have listened to reason,\x94 said the Marquis;
\x93he is rather unwilling to leave his place, which, in the present view
of a change, must be vacated; and, to say truth, he seemed to have
a liking for you, and to be sensible of the general advantages to be
attained by such a match. But his lady, who is tongue of the trump,

\x93What of Lady Ashton, my lord?\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93let me know the issue
of this extraordinary conference: I can bear it.\x94

\x93I am glad of that, kinsman,\x94 said the Marquis, \x93for I am ashamed to
tell you half what she said. It is enough--her mind is made up, and the
mistress of a first-rate boarding-school could not have rejected
with more haughty indifference the suit of a half-pay Irish officer,
beseeching permission to wait upon the heiress of a West India planter,
than Lady Ashton spurned every proposal of mediation which it could at
all become me to offer in behalf of you, my good kinsman. I cannot guess
what she means. A more honourable connexion she could not form, that\x92s
certain. As for money and land, that used to be her husband\x92s business
rather than hers; I really think she hates you for having the rank
which her husband has not, and perhaps for not having the lands that her
goodman has. But I should only vex you to say more about it--here we are
at the change-house.\x94

The Master of Ravenswood paused as he entered the cottage, which reeked
through all its crevices, and they were not few, from the exertions of
the Marquis\x92s travelling-cooks to supply good cheer, and spread, as it
were, a table in the wilderness.

\x93My Lord Marquis,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93I already mentioned that accident
has put your lordship in possession of a secret which, with my consent,
should have remained one even to you, my kinsman, for some time. Since
the secret was to part from my own custody, and that of the only person
besides who was interested in it, I am not sorry it should have reached
your lordship\x92s ears, as being fully aware that you are my noble kinsman
and friend.\x94

\x93You may believe it is safely lodged with me, Master of Ravenswood,\x94
 said the Marquis; \x93but I should like well to hear you say that you
renounced the idea of an alliance which you can hardly pursue without a
certain degree of degradation.\x94

\x93Of that, my lord, I shall judge,\x94 answered Ravenswood, \x93and I hope with
delicacy as sensitive as any of my friends. But I have no engagement
with Sir William and Lady Ashton. It is with Miss Ashton alone that I
have entered upon the subject, and my conduct in the matter shall be
entirely ruled by hers. If she continues to prefer me in my poverty to
the wealthier suitors whom her friends recommend, I may well make some
sacrifice to her sincere affection: I may well surrender to her the
less tangible and less palpable advantages of birth, and the deep-rooted
prejudices of family hatred. If Miss Lucy Ashton should change her mind
on a subject of such delicacy, I trust my friends will be silent on my
disappointment, and I shall know how to make my enemies so.\x94

\x93Spoke like a gallant young nobleman,\x94 said the Marquis; \x93for my part, I
have that regard for you, that I should be sorry the thing went on. This
Sir William Ashton was a pretty enough pettifogging kind of a lawyer
twenty years ago, and betwixt battling at the bar and leading in
committees of Parliament he has got well on; the Darien matter lent him
a lift, for he had good intelligence and sound views, and sold out in
time; but the best work is had out of him. No government will take him
at his own, or rather his wife\x92s extravagant, valuation; and betwixt his
indecision and her insolence, from all I can guess, he will outsit his
market, and be had cheap when no one will bid for him. I say nothing
of Miss Ashton; but I assure you, a connexion with her father will be
neither useful nor ornamental, beyond that part of your father\x92s spoils
which he may be prevailed upon to disgorge by way of tocher-good; and
take my word for it, you will get more if you have spirit to bell the
cat with him in the House of Peers. And I will be the man, cousin,\x94
 continued his lordship, \x93will course the fox for you, and make him rue
the day that ever he refused a composition too honourable for him, and
proposed by me on the behalf of a kinsman.\x94

There was something in all this that, as it were, overshot the mark.
Ravenswood could not disguise from himself that his noble kinsman
had more reasons for taking offence at the reception of his suit than
regarded his interest and honour, yet he could neither complain nor be
surprised that it should be so. He contented himself, therefore, with
repeating, that his attachment was to Miss Ashton personally; that he
desired neither wealth nor aggrandisement from her father\x92s means and
influence; and that nothing should prevent his keeping his engagement,
excepting her own express desire that it should be relinquished; and he
requested as a favour that the matter might be no more mentioned betwixt
them at present, assuring the Marquis of A----that he should be his
confidant or its interruption.

The Marquis soon had more agreeable, as well as more interesting,
subjects on which to converse. A foot-post, who had followed him from
Edinburgh to Ravenswood Castle, and had traced his steps to the
Tod\x92s Hole, brought him a packet laden with good news. The political
calculations of the Marquis had proved just, both in London and at
Edinburgh, and he saw almost within his grasp the pre-eminence for which
he had panted. The refreshments which the servants had prepared were now
put on the table, and an epicure would perhaps have enjoyed them with
additional zest from the contrast which such fare afforded to the
miserable cabin in which it was served up.

The turn of conversation corresponded with and added to the social
feelings of the company. The Marquis expanded with pleasure on the power
which probably incidents were likely to assign to him, and on the
use which eh hoped to make of it in serving his kinsman Ravenswood.
Ravenswood could but repeat the gratitude which he really felt, even
when he considered the topic as too long dwelt upon. The wine was
excellent, notwithstanding its having been brought in a runlet from
Edinburgh; and the habits of the Marquis, when engaged with such good
cheer, were somewhat sedentary. And so it fell out that they delayed
their journey two hours later than was their original purpose.

\x93But what of that, my good young friend?\x94 said the Marquis. \x93Your Castle
of Wolf\x92s Crag is at but five or six miles\x92 distance, and will afford
the same hospitality to your kinsman of A----that it gave to this same
Sir William Ashton.\x94

\x93Sir William took the castle by storm,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93and, like many
a victor, had little reason to congratulate himself on his conquest.\x94
 \x93Well--well!\x94 said Lord A----, whose dignity was something relaxed by
the wine he had drunk, \x93I see I must bribe you to harbour me. Come,
pledge me in a bumper health to the last young lady that slept at Wolf\x92s
Crag, and liked her quarters. My bones are not so tender as hers, and I
am resolved to occupy her apartment to-night, that I may judge how hard
the couch is that love can soften.\x94

\x93Your lordship may choose what penance you please,\x94 said Ravenswood;
\x93but I assure you, I should expect my old servant to hang himself, or
throw himself from the battlements, should your lordship visit him so
unexpectedly. I do assure you, we are totally and literally unprovided.\x94

But his declaration only brought from his noble patron an assurance of
his own total indifference as to every species of accommodation, and his
determination to see the Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag. His ancestor, he
said, had been feasted there, when he went forward with the then Lord
Ravenswood to the fatal battle of Flodden, in which they both fell. Thus
hard pressed, the Master offered to ride forward to get matters put in
such preparation as time and circumstances admitted; but the Marquis
protested his kinsman must afford him his company, and would only
consent that an avant-courier should carry to the desinted seneschal,
Caleb Balderstone, the unexpected news of this invasion.

The Master of Ravenswood soon after accompanied the Marquis in his
carriage, as the latter had proposed; and when they became better
acquainted in the progress of the journey, his noble relation explained
the very liberal views which he entertained for his relation\x92s
preferment, in case of the success of his own political schemes. They
related to a secret and highly important commission beyond sea, which
could only be entrusted to a person of rank, talent, and perfect
confidence, and which, as it required great trust and reliance on the
envoy employed, could but not prove both honourable and advantageous to
him. We need not enter into the nature and purpose of this commission,
farther than to acquaint our readers that the charge was in prospect
highly acceptable to the Master of Ravenswood, who hailed with pleasure
the hope of emerging from his present state of indigence and inaction
into independence and honourable exertion.

While he listened thus eagerly to the details with which the Marquis
now thought it necessary to entrust him, the messenger who had been
despatched to the Tower of Wolf\x92s Crag returned with Caleb Balderstone\x92s
humble duty, and an assurance that \x93a\x92 should be in seemly order, sic as
the hurry of time permitted, to receive their lordships as it behoved.\x94

Ravenswood was too well accustomed to his seneschal\x92s mode of acting and
speaking to hope much from this confident assurance. He knew that Caleb
acted upon the principle of the Spanish generals, in the campaign
of ----, who, much to the perplexity of the Prince of Orange, their
commander-in-chief, used to report their troops as full in number,
and possessed of all necessary points of equipment, not considering it
consistent with their dignity, or the honour of Spain, to confess
any deficiency either in men or munition, until the want of both was
unavoidably discovered in the day of battle. Accordingly, Ravenswood
thought it necessary to give the Marquis some hint that the fair
assurance which they had just received from Caleb did not by any means
ensure them against a very indifferent reception.

\x93You do yourself injustice, Master,\x94 said the Marquis, \x93or you wish
to surprise me agreeably. From this window I see a great light in the
direction where, if I remember aright, Wolf\x92s Crag lies; and, to judge
from the splendour which the old Tower sheds around it, the preparations
for our reception must be of no ordinary description. I remember your
father putting the same deception on me, when we went to the Tower for
a few days\x92 hawking, about twenty years since, and yet we spent our time
as jollily at Wolf\x92s Crag as we could have done at my own hunting seat
at B----.\x94

\x93Your lordship, I fear, will experience that the faculty of the
present proprietor to entertain his friends is greatly abridged,\x94 said
Ravenswood; \x93the will, I need hardly say, remains the same. But I am as
much at a loss as your lordship to account for so strong and brilliant a
light as is now above Wolf\x92s Crag; the windows of the Tower are few and
narrow, and those of the lower story are hidden from us by the walls of
the court. I cannot conceive that any illumination of an ordinary nature
could afford such a blaze of light.\x94

The mystery was soon explained; for the cavalcade almost instantly
halted, and the voice of Caleb Balderstone was heard at the coach
window, exclaiming, in accents broken by grief and fear, \x93Och,
gentlemen! Och, my gude lords! Och, haud to the right! Wolf\x92s Crag is
burning, bower and ha\x92--a\x92 the rich plenishing outside and inside--a\x92
the fine graith, pictures, tapestries, needle-wark, hangings, and other
decorements--a\x92 in a bleeze, as if they were nae mair than sae mony
peats, or as muckle pease-strae! Haud to the right, gentlemen, I implore
ye; there is some sma\x92 provision making at Luckie Sma\x92trash\x92s; but oh,
wae for this night, and wae for me that lives to see it!\x94

Ravenswood was first stunned by this new and unexpected calamity; but
after a moment\x92s recollection he sprang from the carriage, and hastily
bidding his noble kinsman good-night, was about to ascend the hill
towards the castle, the broad and full conflagration of which now flung
forth a high column of red light, that flickered far to seaward upon the
dashing waves of the ocean.

\x93Take a horse, Master,\x94 exclaimed the Marquis, greatly affected by this
additional misfortune, so unexpectedly heaped upon his young protege;
\x93and give me my ambling palfrey; and haste forward, you knaves, to see
what can be done to save the furniture, or to extinguish the fire--ride,
you knaves, for your lives!\x94

The attendants bustled together, and began to strike their horses with
the spur, and call upon Caleb to show them the road. But the voice
of that careful seneschal was heard above the tumult, \x93Oh, stop sirs,
stop--turn bridle, for the luve of Mercy; add not loss of lives to the
loss of warld\x92s gean! Thirty barrels of powther, landed out of a Dunkirk
dogger in the auld lord\x92s time--a\x92 in the vau\x92ts of the auld tower,--the
fire canna be far off it, I trow. Lord\x92s sake, to the right, lads--to
the right; let\x92s pit the hill atween us and peril,--a wap wi\x92 a
corner-stane o\x92 Wolf\x92s Crag wad defy the doctor!\x94

It will readily be supposed that this annunciation hurried the Marquis
and his attendants into the route which Caleb prescribed, dragging
Ravenswood along with them, although there was much in the matter which
he could not possibly comprehend. \x93Gunpowder!\x94 he exclaimed, laying hold
of Caleb, who in vain endeavoured to escape from him; \x93what gunpowder?
How any quantity of powder could be in Wolf\x92s Crag without my knowledge,
I cannot possibly comprehend.\x94

\x93But I can,\x94 interrupted the Marquis, whispering him, \x93I can comprehend
it thoroughly; for God\x92s sake, ask him no more questions at present.\x94

\x93There it is, now,\x94 said Caleb, extricating himself from his master, and
adjusting his dress, \x93your honour will believe his lordship\x92s honourable
testimony. His lordship minds weel how, in the year that him they ca\x92d
King Willie died----\x94

\x93Hush! hush, my good friend!\x94 said the Marquis; \x93I shall satisfy your
master upon that subject.\x94

\x93And the people at Wolf\x92s Hope,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93did none of them come
to your assistance before the flame got so high?\x94

\x93Ay did they, mony ane of them, the rapscallions!\x94 said Caleb; \x93but
truly I was in nae hurry to let them into the Tower, where there were so
much plate and valuables.\x94

\x93Confound you for an impudent liar!\x94 said Ravenswood, in uncontrollable
ire, \x93there was not a single ounce of----\x94

\x93Forbye,\x94 said the butler, most irreverently raising his voice to a
pitch which drowned his master\x92s, \x93the fire made fast on us, owing to
the store of tapestry and carved timmer in the banqueting-ha\x92, and the
loons ran like scaulded rats sae sune as they heard of the gunpouther.\x94

\x93I do entreat,\x94 said the Marquis to Ravenswood, \x93you will ask him no
more questions.\x94

\x93Only one, my lord. What has become of poor Mysie?\x94

\x93Mysie!\x94 said Caleb, \x93I had nae time to look about ony Mysie; she\x92s
in the Tower, I\x92se warrant, biding her awful doom.\x94 \x93By heaven,\x94 said
Ravenswood, \x93I do not understand all this! The life of a faithful old
creature is at stake; my lord, I will be withheld no longer; I will at
least ride up, and see whether the danger is as imminent as this old
fool pretends.\x94

\x93Weel, then, as I live by bread,\x94 said Caleb, \x93Mysie is weel and safe.
I saw her out of the castle before I left it mysell. Was I ganging to
forget an auld fellow-servant?\x94

\x93What made you tell me the contrary this moment?\x94 said his master.

\x93Did I tell you the contrary?\x94 said Caleb; \x93then I maun hae been
dreaming surely, or this awsome night has turned my judgment; but safe
she is, and ne\x92er a living soul in the castle, a\x92 the better for them:
they wau have gotten an unco heezy.\x94

The Master of Ravenswood, upon this assurance being solemnly reiterated,
and notwithstanding his extreme wish to witness the last explosion,
which was to ruin to the ground the mansion of his fathers, suffered
himself to be dragged onward towards the village of Wolf\x92s Hope, where
not only the change-house, but that of our well-known friend the cooper,
were all prepared for reception of himself and his noble guest, with a
liberality of provision which requires some explanation.

We omitted to mention in its place, that Lockhard having fished out the
truth concerning the mode by which Caleb had obtained the supplies for
his banquet, the Lord Keeper, amused with the incident, and desirous at
the time to gratify Ravenswood, had recommended the cooper of Wolf\x92s
Hope to the official situation under government the prospect of which
had reconciled him to the loss of his wild-fowl. Mr. Girder\x92s preferment
had occasioned a pleasing surprise to old Caleb; for when, some days
after his master\x92s departure, he found himself absolutely compelled, by
some necessary business, to visit the fishing hamlet, and was gliding
like a ghost past the door of the cooper, for fear of being summoned to
give some account of the progress of the solicitation in his favour, or,
more probably that the inmates might upbraid him with the false hope
he had held out upon the subject, he heard himself, not without some
apprehension, summoned at once in treble, tenor, and bass--a trio
performed by the voices of Mrs. Girder, old Dame Loup-the-Dyke, and the
goodman of the dwelling--\x93Mr. Caleb!--Mr. Caleb Balderstone! I hope
ye arena ganging dry-lipped by our door, and we sae muckle indebted to

This might be said ironically as well as in earnest. Caleb augured the
worst, turned a deaf ear to the trio aforesaid, and was moving doggedly
on, his ancient castor pulled over his brows, and his eyes bent on the
ground, as if to count the flinty pebbles with which the rude pathway
was causewayed. But on a sudden he found himself surrounded in his
progress, like a stately merchantman in the Gut of Gibraltar (I hope
the ladies will excuse the tarpaulin phrase) by three Algerine galleys.
\x93Gude guide us, Mr. Balderstone!\x94 said Mrs. Girder. \x93Wha wad hae thought
it of an auld and kenn\x92d friend!\x94 said the mother.

\x93And no sae muckle as stay to receive our thanks,\x94 said the cooper
himself, \x93and frae the like o\x92 me that seldom offers them! I am sure I
hope there\x92s nae ill seed sawn between us, Mr. Balderstone. Ony man that
has said to ye I am no gratefu\x92 for the situation of Queen\x92s cooper, let
me hae a whample at him wi\x92 mine eatche, that\x92s a\x92.\x94

\x93My good friends--my dear friends,\x94 said Caleb, still doubting how the
certainty of the matter might stand, \x93what needs a\x92 this ceremony? Ane
tries to serve their friends, and sometimes they may happen to prosper,
and sometimes to misgie. Naething I care to be fashed wi\x92 less than
thanks; I never could bide them.\x94

\x93Faith, Mr. Balderstone, ye suld hae been fashed wi\x92 few o\x92 mine,\x94 said
the downright man of staves and hoops, \x93if I had only your gude-will to
thank ye for: I suld e\x92en hae set the guse, and the wild deukes, adn the
runlet of sack to balance that account. Gude-will, man, is a geizen\x92d
tub, that hauds in nae liquor; but gude deed\x92s like the cask, tight,
round, and sound, that will haud liquor for the king.\x94

\x93Have ye no heard of our letter,\x94 said the mother-in-law, \x93making our
John [Gibbie] the Queen\x92s cooper for certain? and scarce a chield that
had ever hammered gird upon tub but was applying for it?\x94

\x93Have I heard!!!\x94 said Caleb, who now found how the wind set, with an
accent of exceeding contempt, at the doubt expressed--\x93have I heard,
quo\x92she!!!\x94 and as he spoke he changed his shambling, skulking, dodging
pace into a manly and authoritative step, readjusted his cocked hat,
and suffered his brow to emerge from under it in all the pride of
aristocracy, like the sun from behind a cloud.

\x93To be sure, he canna but hae heard,\x94 said the good woman.

\x93Ay, to be sure it\x92s impossible but I should,\x94 said Caleb; \x93and sae I\x92ll
be the first to kiss ye, joe, and wish you, cooper, much joy of your
preferment, naething doubting but ye ken wha are your friends, and HAVE
helped ye, and CAN help ye. I thought it right to look a wee strange
upon it at first,\x94 added Caleb, \x93just to see if ye were made of the
right mettle; but ye ring true, lad--ye ring true!\x94

So saying, with a most lordly air he kissed the women, and abandoned
his hand, with an air of serene patronage, to the hearty shake of
Mr. Girder\x92s horn-hard palm. Upon this complete, and to Caleb most
satisfactory, information he did not, it may readily be believed,
hesitate to accept an invitation to a solemn feast, to which were
invited, not only all the NOTABLES of the village, but even his ancient
antagonist, Mr. Dingwall, himself. At this festivity he was, of course,
the most welcome and most honoured guest; and so well did he ply the
company with stories of what he could do with his master, his master
with the Lord Keeper, the Lord Keeper with the council, and the council
with the king [queen], that before the company dismissed (which was,
indeed, rather at an early hour than a late one), every man of note in
the village was ascending to the top-gallant of some ideal preferment by
the ladder of ropes which Caleb had presented to their imagination. Nay,
the cunning butler regained in that moment not only all the influence he
possessed formerly over the villagers, when the baronial family which
he served were at the proudest, but acquired even an accession of
importance. The writer--the very attorney himself, such is the thirst of
preferment--felt the force of the attraction, and taking an opportunity
to draw Caleb into a corner, spoke, with affectionate regret, of the
declining health of the sheriff-clerk of the county.

\x93An excellent man--a most valuable man, Mr. Caleb; but fat sall I say!
we are peer feckless bodies, here the day and awa\x92 by cock-screech the
morn; and if he failyies, there maun be somebody in his place; and gif
that ye could airt it my way, I sall be thankful, man--a gluve stuffed
wi gowd nobles; an\x92 hark ye, man something canny till yoursell, and the
Wolf\x92s Hope carles to settle kindly wi\x92 the Master of Ravenswood--that
is, Lord Ravenswood--God bless his lordship!\x94

A smile, and a hearty squeeze by the hand, was the suitable answer to
this overture; and Caleb made his escape from the jovial party, in order
to avoid committing himself by any special promises.

\x93The Lord be gude to me,\x94 said Caleb, when he found himself in the open
air, and at liberty to give vent to the self-exultation with which
he was, as it were, distended; \x93did ever ony man see sic a set of
green-gaislings? The very pickmaws and solan-geese out-bye yonder at
the Bass hae ten times their sense! God, an I had been the Lord High
Commissioner to the Estates o\x92 Parliament, they couldna hae beflumm\x92d
me mair; and, to speak Heaven\x92s truth, I could hardly hae beflumm\x92d them
better neither! But the writer--ha! ha! ha!--ah, ha! ha! ha! mercy on
me, that I suld live in my auld days to gie the ganag-bye to the very
writer! Sheriff-clerk!!! But I hae an auld account to settle wi\x92 the
carle; and to make amends for bye-ganes, the office shall just cost him
as much time-serving and tide-serving as if he were to get it in gude
earnest, of whilk there is sma\x92 appearance, unless the Master learns
mair the ways of this warld, whilk it is muckle to be doubted that he
never will do.\x94


     Why flames yon far summit--why shoot to the blast
     Those embers, like stars from the firmament cast?
     \x91Tis the fire-shower of ruin, all dreadfully driven
     From thine eyrie, that beacons the darkness of Heaven.


THE circumstances announced in the conclusion of the last chapter will
account for the ready and cheerful reception of the Marquis of A---- and
the Master of Ravenswood in the village of Wolf\x92s Hope. In fact, Caleb
had no sooner announced the conflagration of the tower than the whole
hamlet were upon foot to hasten to extinguish the flames. And although
that zealous adherent diverted their zeal by intimating the formidable
contents of the subterranean apartments, yet the check only turned their
assiduity into another direction. Never had there been such slaughtering
of capons, and fat geese, and barndoor fowls; never such boiling of
\x93reested\x94 hams; never such making of car-cakes and sweet scones, Selkirk
bannocks, cookies, and petticoat-tails--delicacies little known to the
present generation. Never had there been such a tapping of barrels, and
such uncorking of greybeards, in the village of Wolf\x92s Hope. All the
inferior houses were thrown open for the reception of the Marquis\x92s
dependants, who came, it was thought, as precursors of the shower of
preferment which hereafter was to leave the rest of Scotland dry,
in order to distil its rich dews on the village of Wolf\x92s Hope under
Lammermoor. The minister put in his claim to have the guests of
distinction lodged at the manse, having his eye, it was thought, upon
a neighbouring preferment, where the incumbent was sickly; but Mr.
Balderstone destined that honour to the cooper, his wife, and wife\x92s
mother, who danced for joy at the preferences thus assigned them.

Many a beck and many a bow welcomed these noble guests to as good
entertainment as persons of such rank could set before such visitors;
and the old dame, who had formerly lived in Ravenswood Castle, and
knew, as she said, the ways of the nobility, was in no whit wanting in
arranging matters, as well as circumstances permitted, according to the
etiquette of the times. The cooper\x92s house was so roomy that each guest
had his separate retiring-room, to which they were ushered with all due
ceremony, while the plentiful supper was in the act of being placed upon
the table.

Ravenswood no sooner found himself alone than, impelled by a thousand
feelings, he left the apartment, the house, and the village, and hastily
retraced his steps to the brow of the hill, which rose betwixt the
village and screened it from the tower, in order to view the final fall
of the house of his fathers. Some idle boys from the hamlet had taken
the same direction out of curiosity, having first witnessed the arrival
of the coach and six and its attendants. As they ran one by one past the
Master, calling to each other to \x93Come and see the auld tower blaw up in
the lift like the peelings of an ingan,\x94 he could not but feel himself
moved with indignation. \x93And these are the sons of my father\x92s vassals,\x94
 he said--\x93of men bound, both by law and gratitude, to follow our steps
through battle, and fire, and flood; and now the destruction of their
liege lord\x92s house is but a holiday\x92s sight to them.\x94

These exasperating reflections were partly expresssed in the acrimony
with which he exclaimed, on feeling himself pulled by the cloak: \x93What
do you want, you dog?\x94

\x93I am a dog, and an auld dog too,\x94 answered Caleb, for it was he who had
taken the freedom, \x93and I am like to get a dog\x92s wages; but it does not
signification a pinch of sneesing, for I am ower auld a dog to learn new
tricks, or to follow a new master.\x94

As he spoke, Ravenswood attained the ridge of the hill from which Wolf\x92s
Crag was visible; the flames had entirely sunk down, and, to his great
surprise, there was only a dusky reddening upon the clouds immediately
over the castle, which seemed the reflection of the embers of the sunken

\x93The place cannot have blown up,\x94 said the Master; \x93we must have heard
the report: if a quarter of the gunpowder was there you tell me of, it
would have been heard twenty miles off.\x94

\x93It\x92ve very like it wad,\x94 said Balderstone, composedly.

\x93Then the fire cannot have reached the vaults?\x94

\x93It\x92s like no,\x94 answered Caleb, with the same impenetrable gravity.

\x93Hark ye, Caleb,\x94 said his master, \x93this grows a little too much for
my patience. I must go and examine how matters stand at Wolf\x92s Crag

\x93Your honour is ganging to gang nae sic gate,\x94 said Caleb, firmly.

\x93And why not?\x94 said Ravenswood, sharply; \x93who or what shall prevent me?\x94

\x93Even I mysell,\x94 said Caleb, with the same determination.

\x93You, Balderstone!\x94 replied the Master; \x93you are forgetting yourself, I

\x93But I think no,\x94 said Balderstone; \x93for I can just tell ye a\x92 about the
castle on this knowe-head as weel as if ye were at it. Only dinna pit
yoursell into a kippage, and expose yoursell before the weans, or before
the Marquis, when ye gang down-bye.\x94

\x93Speak out, you old fool,\x94 replied his master, \x93and let me know the best
and the worst at once.\x94

\x93Ou, the best and the warst is, just that the tower is standing hail and
feir, as safe and as empty as when ye left it.\x94

\x93Indeed! and the fire?\x94 said Ravenswood. \x93Not a gleed of fire, then,
except the bit kindling peat, and maybe a spunk in Mysie\x92s cutty-pipe,\x94
 replied Caleb.

\x93But the flame?\x94 demanded Ravenswood--\x93the broad blaze which might have
been seen ten miles off--what occasioned that?\x94

\x93Hout awa\x92! it\x92s an auld saying and a true--

     Little\x92s the light Will be seen far in a mirk night.

A wheen fern and horse little that I fired in the courtyard, after
sending back the loon of a footman; and, to speak Heaven\x92s truth, the
next time that ye send or bring ony body here, let them ge gentles
allenarly, without ony fremd servants, like that chield Lockhard, to
be gledging and gleeing about, and looking upon the wrang side of ane\x92s
housekeeping, to the discredit of the family, and forcing ane to damn
their souls wi\x92 telling ae lee after another faster than I can count
them: I wad rather set fire to the tower in gude earnest, and burn it
ower my ain head into the bargain, or I see the family dishonoured in
the sort.\x94

\x93Upon my word, I am infinitely obliged by the proposal, Caleb,\x94 said his
master, scarce able to restrain his laughter, though rather angry at
the same time. \x93But the gunpowder--is there such a thing in the tower?
The Marquis seemed to know of it.\x94 \x93The pouther, ha! ha! ha!--the
Marquis, ha! ha! ha!\x94 replied Caleb,--\x93if your honour were to brain me,
I behooved to laugh,--the Marquis--the pouther! Was it there? Ay, it was
there. Did he ken o\x92t? My certie! the Marquis kenn\x92d o\x92t, and it was the
best o\x92 the game; for, when I couldna pacify your honour wi\x92 a\x92 that I
could say, I aye threw out a word mair about the gunpouther, and garr\x92d
the Marquis tak the job in his ain hand.\x94

\x93But you have not answered my question,\x94 said the Master, impatiently;
\x93how came the powder there, and where is it now?\x94

\x93Ou, it came there, an ye maun needs ken,\x94 said Caleb, looking
mysteriously, and whispering, \x93when there was like to be a wee bit
rising here; and the Marquis, and a\x92 the great lords of the north, were
a\x92 in it, and mony a gudely gun and broadsword were ferried ower frae
Dunkirk forbye the pouther. Awfu\x92 work we had getting them into the
tower under cloud o\x92 night, for ye maun think it wasna everybody could
be trusted wi\x92 sic kittle jobs. But if ye will gae hame to your supper,
I will tell you a\x92 about it as ye gang down.\x94

\x93And these wretched boys,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93is it your pleasure they
are to sit there all night, to wait for the blowing up of a tower that
is not even on fire?\x94

\x93Surely not, if it is your honour\x92s pleasure that they suld gang hame;
although,\x94 added Caleb, \x93it wadna do them a grain\x92s damage: they wad
screigh less the next day, and sleep the sounder at e\x92en. But just as
your honour likes.\x94

Stepping accordingly towards the urchins who manned the knolls near
which they stood, Caleb informed them, in an authoritative tone, that
their honours Lord Ravenswood and the Marquis of A---- had given orders
that the tower was not to be blow up till next day at noon. The boys
dispersed upon this comfortable assurance. One or two, however, followed
Caleb for more information, particularly the urchin whom he had cheated
while officiating as turnspit, who screamed, \x93Mr. Balderstone!--Mr.
Balderstone! then the castle\x92s gane out like an auld wife\x92s spunk?\x94

\x93To be sure it is, callant,\x94 said the butler; \x93do ye think the castle
of as great a lord as Lord Ravenswood wad continue in a bleeze, and him
standing looking on wi\x92 his ain very een? It\x92s aye right,\x94 continued
Caleb, shaking off his ragged page, and closing in to his Master, \x93to
train up weans, as the wise man says, in the way they should go, and,
aboon a\x92, to teach them respect to their superiors.\x94

\x93But all this while, Caleb, you have never told me what became of the
arms and powder,\x94 said Ravenswood.

\x93Why, as for the arms,\x94 said Caleb, \x93it was just like the bairn\x92s

     Some gaed east and some gaed west,
     And some gaed to the craw\x92s nest.

And for the pouther, I e\x92en changed it, as occasion served, with the
skippers o\x92 Dutch luggers and French vessels, for gin and brandy, and is
served the house mony a year--a gude swap too, between what cheereth the
soul of man and that which hingeth it clean out of his body; forbye,
I keepit a wheen pounds of it for yoursell when ye wanted to take the
pleasure o\x92 shooting: whiles, in these latter days, I wad hardly hae
kenn\x92d else whar to get pouther for your pleasure. And now that your
anger is ower, sir, wasna that weel managed o\x92 me, and arena ye far
better sorted doun yonder than ye could hae been in your ain auld ruins
up-bye yonder, as the case stands wi\x92 us now? the mair\x92s the pity!\x94

\x93I believe you may be right, Caleb; but, before burning down my castle,
either in jest or in earnest,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93I think I had a right
to be in the secret.\x94

\x93Fie for shame, your honour!\x94 replied Caleb; \x93it fits an auld carle like
me weel eneugh to tell lees for the credit of the family, but it wadna
beseem the like o\x92 your honour\x92s sell; besides, young folk are no
judicious: they cannot make the maist of a bit figment. Now this
fire--for a fire it sall be, if I suld burn the auld stable to make it
mair feasible--this fire, besides that it will be an excuse for asking
ony thing we want through the country, or doun at the haven--this
fire will settle mony things on an honourable footing for the family\x92s
credit, that cost me telling twenty daily lees to a wheen idle chaps
and queans, and, what\x92s waur, without gaining credence.\x94 \x93That was hard
indeed, Caleb; but I do not see how this fire should help your veracity
or your credit.\x94

\x93There it is now?\x94 said Caleb; \x93wasna I saying that young folk had a
green judgment? How suld it help me, quotha? It will be a creditable
apology for the honour of the family for this score of years to come, if
it is weel guided. \x91Where\x92s the family pictures?\x92 says ae meddling body.
\x91The great fire at Wolf\x92s Crag,\x92 answers I. \x91Where\x92s the family plate?\x92
says another. \x91The great fire,\x92 says I; \x91wha was to think of plate,
when life and limb were in danger?\x92 \x91Where\x92s the wardrobe and the
linens?--where\x92s the tapestries and the decorements?--beds of state,
twilts, pands and testors, napery and broidered wark?\x92 \x91The fire--the
fire--the fire.\x92 Guide the fire weel, and it will serve ye for a\x92 that
ye suld have and have not; and, in some sort, a gude excuse is better
than the things themselves; for they maun crack and wear out, and be
consumed by time, whereas a gude offcome, prudently and creditably
handled, may serve a nobleman and his family, Lord kens how lang!\x94

Ravenswood was too well acquainted with his butler\x92s pertinacity and
self-opinion to dispute the point with him any farther. Leaving Caleb,
therefore, to the enjoyment of his own successful ingenuity, he returned
to the hamlet, where he found the Marquis and the good women of the
mansion under some anxiety--the former on account of his absence, the
others for the discredit their cookery might sustain by the delay of the
supper. All were now at ease, and heard with pleasure that the fire at
the castle had burned out of itself without reaching the vaults, which
was the only information that Ravenswood thought it proper to give in
public concerning the event of his butler\x92s strategem.

They sat down to an excellent supper. No invitation could prevail on
Mr. and Mrs. Girder, even in their own house, to sit down at table with
guests of such high quality. They remained standing in the apartment,
and acted the part of respectful and careful attendants on the company.
Such were the manners of the time. The elder dame, confident through
her age and connexion with the Ravenswood family, was less scrupulously
ceremonious. She played a mixed part betwixt that of the hostess of an
inn and the mistress of a private house, who receives guests above her
own degree. She recommended, and even pressed, what she thought best,
and was herself easily entreated to take a moderate share of the good
cheer, in order to encourage her guests by her own example. Often she
interrupted herself, to express her regret that \x93my lord did not eat;
that the Master was pyking a bare bane; that, to be sure, there was
naething there fit to set before their honours; that Lord Allan, rest
his saul, used to like a pouthered guse, and said it was Latin for a
tass o\x92 brandy; that the brandy came frae France direct; for, for a\x92 the
English laws and gaugers, the Wolf\x92s Hope brigs hadna forgotten the gate
to Dunkirk.\x94

Here the cooper admonished his mother-in-law with his elbow, which
procured him the following special notice in the progress of her speech:

\x93Ye needna be dunshin that gate, John [Gibbie],\x94 continued the old lady;
\x93naebody says that YE ken whar the brandy comes frae; and it wadna be
fitting ye should, and you the Queen\x92s cooper; and what signifies\x92t,\x94
 continued she, addressing Lord Ravenswood, \x93to king, queen, or kaiser
whar an auld wife like me buys her pickle sneeshin, or her drap
brandy-wine, to haud her heart up?\x94

Having thus extricated herself from her supposed false step, Dame
Loup-the-Dyke proceeded, during the rest of the evening, to supply, with
great animation, and very little assistance from her guests, the funds
necessary for the support of the conversation, until, declining any
further circulation of their glass, her guests requested her permission
to retire to their apartments.

The Marquis occupied the chamber of dais, which, in every house above
the rank of a mere cottage, was kept sacred for such high occasions as
the present. The modern finishing with plaster was then unknown, and
tapestry was confined to the houses of the nobility and superior gentry.
The cooper, therefore, who was a man of some vanity, as well as some
wealth, had imitated the fashion observed by the inferior landholders
and clergy, who usually ornamented their state apartments with hangings
of a sort of stamped leather, manufactured in the Netherlands, garnished
with trees and animals executed in copper foil, and with many a pithy
sentence of morality, which, although couched in Low Dutch, were perhaps
as much attended to in practice as if written in broad Scotch. The
whole had somewhat of a gloomy aspect; but the fire, composed of
old pitch-barrel staves, blazed merrily up the chimney; the bed was
decorated with linen of most fresh and dazzling whiteness, which had
never before been used, and might, perhaps, have never been used at
all, but for this high occasion. On the toilette beside, stood an
old-fashioned mirror, in a fillagree frame, part of the dispersed finery
of the neighbouring castle. It was flanked by a long-necked bottle of
Florence wine, by which stood a glass nearly as tall, resembling
in shape that which Teniers usually places in the hands of his own
portrait, when he paints himself as mingling in the revels of a country
village. To counterbalance those foreign sentinels, there mounted guard
on the other side of the mirror two stout warders of Scottish lineage;
a jug, namely, of double ale, which held a Scotch pint, and a quaigh,
or bicker, of ivory and ebony, hooped with silver, the work of
John Girder\x92s own hands, and the pride of his heart. Besides these
preparations against thirst, there was a goodly diet-loaf, or sweet
cake; so that, with such auxiliaries, the apartment seemed victualled
against a siege of two or three days.

It only remains to say, that the Marquis\x92s valet was in attendance,
displaying his master\x92s brocaded nightgown, and richly embroidered
velvet cap, lined and faced with Brussels lace, upon a huge leathern
easy-chair, wheeled round so as to have the full advantage of the
comfortable fire which we have already mentioned. We therefore commit
that eminent person to his night\x92s repose, trusting he profited by the
ample preparations made for his accommodation--preparations which we
have mentioned in detail, as illustrative of ancient Scottish manners.

It is not necessary we should be equally minute in describing the
sleeping apartment of the Master of Ravenswood, which was that usually
occupied by the goodman and goodwife themselves. It was comfortably
hung with a sort of warm-coloured worsted, manufactured in Scotland,
approaching in trexture to what is now called shalloon. A staring
picture of John [Gibbie] Girder himself ornamented this dormiory,
painted by a starving Frenchman, who had, God knows how or why, strolled
over from Flushing or Dunkirk to Wolf\x92s Hope in a smuggling dogger. The
features were, indeed, those of the stubborn, opinionative, yet sensible
artisan, but Monsieur had contrived to throw a French grace into the
look and manner, so utterly inconsistent with the dogged gravity of the
original, that it was impossible to look at it without laughing. John
and his family, however, piqued themselves not a little upon this
picture, and were proportionably censured by the neighbourhood, who
pronounced that the cooper, in sitting for the same, and yet more in
presuming to hang it up in his bedchamber, had exceeded his privilege as
the richest man of the village; at once stept beyond the bounds of his
own rank, and encroached upon those of the superior orders; and,
in fine, had been guilty of a very overweening act of vanity and
presumption. Respect for the memory of my deceased friend, Mr. Richard
Tinto, has obliged me to treat this matter at some length; but I spare
the reader his prolix though curious observations, as well upon the
character of the French school as upon the state of painting in Scotland
at the beginning of the 18th century.

The other preparations of the Master\x92s sleeping apartment were similar
to those in the chamber of dais.

At the usual early hour of that period, the Marquis of A---- and his
kinsman prepared to resume their journey. This could not be done
without an ample breakfast, in which cold meat and hot meat, and oatmeal
flummery, wine and spirits, and milk varied by every possible mode of
preparation, evinced the same desire to do honour to their guests which
had been shown by the hospitable owners of the mansion upon the evening
before. All the bustle of preparation for departure now resounded
through Wolf\x92s Hope. There was paying of bills and shaking of hands,
and saddling of horses, and harnessing of carriages, and distributing
of drink-money. The Marquis left a broad piece for the gratification
of John Girder\x92s household, which he, the said John, was for some time
disposed to convert to his own use; Dingwall, the writer, assuring
him he was justified in so doing, seeing he was the disburser of
those expenses which were the occasion of the gratification. But,
notwithstanding this legal authority, John could not find in his heart
to dim the splendour of his late hospitality by picketing anything in
the nature of a gratuity. He only assured his menials he would consider
them as a damned ungrateful pack if they bought a gill of brandy
elsewhere than out of his own stores; and as the drink-money was likely
to go to its legitimate use, he comforted himself that, in this manner,
the Marquis\x92s donative would, without any impeachment of credit and
character, come ultimately into his own exclusive possession.

While arrangements were making for departure, Ravenswood made blythe the
heart of his ancient butler by informing him, cautiously however (for
he knew Caleb\x92s warmth of imagination), of the probable change which was
about to take place in his fortunes. He deposited with Balderstone, at
the same time, the greater part of his slender funds, with an assurance,
which he was obliged to reiterate more than once, that he himself had
sufficient supplies in certain prospect. He therefore enjoined Caleb, as
he valued his favour, to desist from all farther maneouvres against the
inhabitants of Wolf\x92s Hope, their cellars, poultry-yards, and substance
whatsoever. In this prohibition, the old domestic acquiesced more
readily than his master expected.

\x93It was doubtless,\x94 he said, \x93a shame, a discredit, and a sin to harry
the puir creatures, when the family were in circumstances to live
honourably on their ain means; and there might be wisdom,\x94 he added, \x93in
giving them a while\x92s breathing-time at any rate, that they might be the
more readily brought forward upon his honour\x92s future occasions.\x94

This matter being settled, and having taken an affectionate farewell of
his old domestic, the Master rejoined his noble relative, who was now
ready to enter his carriage. The two landladies, old and young, having
received in all kindly greeting a kiss from each of their noble guests,
stood simpering at the door of their house, as the coach and six,
followed by its train of clattering horsemen, thundered out of the
village. John Girder also stood upon his threshold, now looking at his
honoured right hand, which had been so lately shaken by a marquis and
a lord, and now giving a glance into the interior of his mansion, which
manifested all the disarray of the late revel, as if balancing
the distinction which he had attained with the expenses of the

At length he opened his oracular jaws. \x93Let every man and woman here set
about their ain business, as if there was nae sic thing as marquis or
master, duke or drake, laird or lord, in this world. Let the house be
redd up, the broken meat set bye, and if there is ony thing totally
uneatable, let it be gien to the puir folk; and, gude mother and wife, I
hae just ae thing to entreat ye, that ye will never speak to me a single
word, good or bad, anent a\x92 this nonsense wark, but keep a\x92 your cracks
about it to yoursells and your kimmers, for my head is weel-nigh dung
donnart wi\x92 it already.\x94

As John\x92s authority was tolerably absolute, all departed to their usual
occupations, leaving him to build castles in the air, if he had a mind,
upon the court favour which he had acquired by the expenditure of his
worldly substance.


     Why, now I have Dame Fortune by the Forelock,
     And if she escapes my grasp, the fault is mine;
     He that hath buffeted with stern adversity
     Best knows the shape his course to favouring breezes.

     Old Play.

OUR travellers reach Edinburgh without any farther adventure, and the
Master of Ravenswood, as had been previously settled, took up his abode
with his noble friend.

In the mean time, the political crisis which had been expected took
place, and the Tory party obtained in the Scottish, as in the English,
councils of Queen Anne a short-lived ascendency, of which it is not our
business to trace either the cause or consequences. Suffice it to say,
that it affected the different political parties according to the nature
of their principles. In England, many of the High Church party, with
Harley, afterwards Earl of Oxford, at their head, affected to separate
their principles from those of the Jacobites, and, on that account,
obtained the denomination of Whimsicals. The Scottish High Church party,
on the contrary, or, as they termed themselves, the Cavaliers, were more
consistent, if not so prudent, in their politics, and viewed all the
changes now made as preparatory to calling to the throne, upon the
queen\x92s demise, her brother the Chevalier de St. George. Those who had
suffered in his service now entertained the most unreasonable hopes,
not only of indemnification, but of vengeance upon their political
adversaries; while families attached to the Whig interest saw nothing
before them but a renewal of the hardships they had undergone during the
reigns of Charles the Second and his brother, and a retaliation of the
confiscation which had been inflicted upon the Jacobites during that of
King William.

But the most alarmed at the change of system was that prudential set of
persons, some of whom are found in all governments, but who abound in a
provincial administration like that of Scotland during the period,
and who are what Cromwell called waiters upon Providence, or, in other
words, uniform adherents to the party who are uppermost. Many of these
hastened to read their recantation to the Marquis of A----; and, as
it was easily seen that he took a deep interest in the affairs of
his kinsman, the Master of Ravenswood, they were the first to suggest
measures for retrieving at least a part of his property, and for
restoring him in blood against his father\x92s attainder.

Old Lord Turntippet professed to be one of the most anxious for the
success of these measures; for \x93it grieved him to the very saul,\x94 he
said, \x93to see so brave a young gentleman, of sic auld and undoubted
nobility, and, what was mair than a\x92 that, a bluid relation of the
Marquis of A----, the man whom,\x94 he swore, \x93he honoured most upon
the face of the earth, brougth to so severe a pass. For his ain
puir peculiar,\x94 as he said, \x93and to contribute something to the
rehabilitation of sae auld ane house,\x94 the said Turntippet sent in three
family pictures lacking the frames, and six high-backed chairs, with
worked Turkey cushions, having the crest of Ravenswood broidered
thereon, without charging a penny either of the principal or interest
they had cost him, when he bought them, sixteen years before, at a roup
of the furniture of Lord Ravenswood\x92s lodgings in the Canongate.

Much more to Lord Turntippet\x92s dismay than to his surprise, although
he affected to feel more of the latter than the former, the Marquis
received his gift very drily, and observed, that his lordship\x92s
restitution, if he expected it to be received by the Master of
Ravenswood and his friends, must comprehend a pretty large farm, which,
having been mortgaged to Turntippet for a very inadequate sum, he had
contrived, during the confusion of the family affairs, and by means
well understood by the lawyers of that period, to acquire to himself in
absolute property.

The old time-serving lord winced excessively under the requisition,
protesting to God, that he saw no occasion the lad could have for the
instant possession of the land, seeing he would doubtless now recover
the bulk of his estate from Sir William Ashton, to which he was ready to
contribute by every means in his power, as was just and reasonable; and
finally declaring, that he was willing to settle the land on the young
gentleman after his own natural demise.

But all these excuses availed nothing, and he was compelled to disgorge
the property, on receiving back the sum for which it had been mortgaged.
Having no other means of making peace with the higher powers, he
returned home sorrowful and malcontent, complaining to his confidants,
\x93That every mutation or change in the state had hitherto been productive
of some sma\x92 advantage to him in his ain quiet affairs; but that the
present had--pize upon it!--cost him one of the best penfeathers o\x92 his

Similar measures were threatened against others who had profited by
the wreck of the fortune of Ravenswood; and Sir William Ashton, in
particular, was menaced with an appeal to the House of Peers, a court
of equity, against the judicial sentences, proceeding upon a strict and
severe construction of the letter of the law, under which he held the
castle and barony of Ravenswood. With him, however, the Master, as well
for Lucy\x92s sake as on account of the hospitality he had received from
him, felt himself under the necessity of proceeding with great candor.
He wrote to the late Lord Keeper, for he no longer held that office,
stating frankly the engagement which existed between him and Miss
Ashton, requesting his permission for their union, and assuring him of
his willingness to put the settlement of all matters between them upon
such a footing as Sir William himself should think favourable.

The same messenger was charged with a letter to Lady Ashton, deprecating
any cause of displeasure which the Master might unintentionally have
given her, enlarging upon his attachment to Miss Ashton, and the length
to which it had proceeded, and conjuring the lady, as a Douglas in
nature as well as in name, generously to forget ancient prejudices and
misunderstandings, and to believe that the family had acquired a friend,
and she herself a respectful and attached humble servant, in him who
subscribed himself, \x93Edgar, Master of Ravenswood.\x94 A third letter
Ravenswood addressed to Lucy, and the messenger was instructed to find
some secret and secure means of delivering it into her own hands. It
contained the strongest protestations of continued affection, and
dwelt upon the approaching change of the writer\x92s fortunes, as chiefly
valuable by tending to remove the impediments to their union. He related
the steps he had taken to overcome the prejudices of her parents,
and especially of her mother, and expressed his hope they might prove
effectual. If not, he still trusted that his absence from Scotland upon
an important and honourable mission might give time for prejudices to
die away; while he hoped and trusted Miss Ashton\x92s constancy, on which
he had the most implicit reliance, would baffle any effort that might
be used to divert her attachment. Much more there was, which, however
interesting to the lovers themselves, would afford the reader neither
interest nor information. To each of these three letters the Master of
Ravenswood received an answer, but by different means of conveyance, and
certainly couched in very different styles.

Lady Ashton answered his letter by his own messenger, who was not
allowed to remain at Ravenswood a moment longer than she was engaged
in penning these lines.

\x93For the hand of Mr. Ravenswood of Wolf\x92s Crag--These:


\x93I have received a letter, signed \x91Edgar, Master of Ravenswood,\x92
concerning the writer whereof I am uncertain, seeing that the honours of
such a family were forfeited for high treason in the person of Allan,
late Lord Ravenswood. Sir, if you shall happen to be the person so
subscribing yourself, you will please to know, that I claim the full
interest of a parent in Miss Lucy Ashton, which I have disposed of
irrevocably in behalf of a worthy person. And, sir, were this otherwise,
I would not listen to a proposal from you, or any of your house, seeing
their hand has been uniformly held up against the freedom of the subject
and the immunities of God\x92s kirk. Sir, it is not a flightering blink of
prosperity which can change my constant opinion in this regard, seeing
it has been my lot before now, like holy David, to see the wicked great
in power and flourishing like a green bay-tree; nevertheless I passed,
and they were not, and the place thereof knew them no more. Wishing you
to lay these things to your heart for your own sake, so far as they may
concern you, I pray you to take no farther notice of her who desires to
remain your unknown servant,


\x93otherwise ASHTON.\x94

About two days after he had received this very unsatisfactory epistle,
the Master of Ravenswood, while walking up the High Street of Edinburgh,
was jostled by a person, in whom, as the man pulled off his hat to make
an apology, he recognized Lockhard, the confidential domestic of
Sir William Ashton. The man bowed, slipt a letter into his hand, and
disappeared. The packet contained four close-written folios, from which,
however, as is sometimes incident to the compositions of great lawyers,
little could be extracted, excepting that the writer felt himself in a
very puzzling predicament.

Sir William spoke at length of his high value and regard for his dear
young friend, the Master of Ravenswood, and of his very extreme high
value and regard for the Marquis of A----, his very dear old friend;
he trusted that any measures that they might adopt, in which he was
concerned, would be carred on with due regard to the sanctity of
decreets and judgments obtained in foro contentioso; protesting, before
men and angels, that if the law of Scotland, as declared in her supreme
courts, were to undergo a reversal in the English House of Lords, the
evils which would thence arise to the public would inflict a greater
wound upon his heart than any loss he might himself sustain by such
irregular proceedings. He flourished much on generosity and forgiveness
of mutual injuries, and hinted at the mutability of human affairs,
always favourite topics with the weaker party in politics. He
pathetically lamented, and gently censured, the haste which had been
used in depriving him of his situation of Lord Keeper, which his
experience had enabled him to fill with some advantage to the public,
without so much as giving him an opportunity of explaining how far his
own views of general politics might essentially differ from those now in
power. He was convinced the Marquis of A---- had as sincere intentions
towards the public as himself or any man; and if, upon a conference,
they could have agreed upon the measures by which it was to be pursued,
his experience and his interest should have gone to support the present
administration. Upon the engagement betwixt Ravenswood and his daughter,
he spoke in a dry and confused manner. He regretted so premature a
step as the engagement of the young people should have been taken, and
conjured the Master to remember he had never given any encouragement
thereunto; and observed that, as a transaction inter minores, and
without concurrence of his daughter\x92s natural curators, the engagement
was inept, and void in law. This precipitate measure, he added, had
produced a very bad effect upon Lady Ashton\x92s mind, which it was
impossible at present to remove. Her son, Colonel Douglas Ashton, had
embraced her prejudices in the fullest extent, and it was impossible for
Sir William to adopt a course disagreeable to them without a fatal and
irreconcilable breach in his family; which was not at present to be
thought of. Time, the great physician, he hoped, would mend all.

In a postscript, Sir William said something more explicitly, which
seemed to intimate that, rather than the law of Scotland should sustain
a severe wound through his sides, by a reversal of the judgment of her
supreme courts, in the case of the barony of Ravenswood, through the
intervention of what, with all submission, he must term a foreign court
of appeal, he himself would extrajudically consent to considerable

From Lucy Ashton, by some unknown conveyance, the Master received the
following lines: \x93I received yours, but it was at the utmost risk; do
not attempt to write again till better times. I am sore beset, but I
will be true to my word, while the exercise of my reason is vouchsafed
to me. That you are happy and prosperous is some consolation, and my
situation requires it all.\x94 The note was signed \x93L.A.\x94

This letter filled Ravenswood with the most lively alarm. He made many
attempts, notwithstanding her prohibition, to convey letters to Miss
Ashton, and even to obtain an interview; but his plans were frustrated,
and he had only the mortification to learn that anxious and effectual
precautions had been taken to prevent the possibility of their
correspondence. The Master was the more distressed by these
circumstances, as it became impossible to delay his departure from
Scotland, upon the important mission which had been confided to him.
Before his departure, he put Sir William Ashton\x92s letter into the hands
of the Marquis of A----, who observed with a smile, that Sir William\x92s
day of grace was past, and that he had now to learn which side of the
hedge the sun had got to. It was with the greatest difficulty that
Ravenswood extorted from the Marquis a promise that he would compromise
the proceedings in Parliament, providing Sir William should be disposed
to acquiesce in a union between him and Lucy Ashton.

\x93I would hardly,\x94 said the Marquis, \x93consent to your throwing away your
birthright in this manner, were I not perfectly confident that Lady
Ashton, or Lady Douglas, or whatever she calls herself, will, as
Scotchmen say, keep her threep; and that her husband dares not
contradict her.\x94

\x93But yet,\x94 said the Master, \x93I trust your lordship will consider my
engagement as sacred.\x94

\x93Believe my word of honour,\x94 said the Marquis, \x93I would be a friend even
to your follies; and having thus told you MY opinion, I will endeavour,
as occasion offers, to serve you according to your own.\x94

The master of Ravenswood could but thank his generous kinsman and
patron, and leave him full power to act in all his affairs. He departed
from Scotland upon his mission, which, it was supposed, might detain him
upon the continent for some months.


     Was ever woman in this humor wooed?
     Was ever woman in this humour won?
     I\x92ll have her.

     Richard III.

TWELVE months had passed away since the Master of Ravenswood\x92s departure
for the continent, and, although his return to Scotland had been
expected in a much shorter space, yet the affairs of his mission,
or, according to a prevailing report, others of a nature personal to
himself, still detained him abroad. In the mean time, the altered state
of affairs in Sir William Ashton\x92s family may be gathered from the
following conversation which took place betwixt Bucklaw and his
confidential bottle companion and dependant, the noted Captain
Craigengelt. They were seated on either side of the huge
sepulchral-looking freestone chimney in the low hall at Girnington.
A wood fire blazed merrily in the grate; a round oaken table, placed
between them, supported a stoup of excellent claret, two rummer glasses,
and other good cheer; and yet, with all these appliances and means
to boot, the countenance of the patron was dubious, doubtful, and
unsatisfied, while the invention of his dependant was taxed to the
utmost to parry what he most dreaded, a fit, as he called it, of
the sullens, on the part of his protector. After a long pause, only
interrupted by the devil\x92s tattoo, which Bucklaw kept beating against
the hearth with the toe of his boot, Craigengelt at last ventured to
break silence. \x93May I be double distanced,\x94 said he, \x93if ever I saw a
man in my life have less the air of a bridegroom! Cut me out of feather,
if you have not more the look of a man condemned to be hanged!\x94

\x93My kind thanks for the compliment,\x94 replied Bucklaw; \x93but I suppose you
think upon the predicament in which you yourself are most likely to be
placed; and pray, Captain Craigengelt, if it please your worship, why
should I look merry, when I\x92m sad, and devilish sad too?\x94

\x93And that\x92s what vexes me,\x94 said Craigengelt. \x93Here is this match, the
best in the whole country, and which were so anxious about, is on the
point of being concluded, and you are as sulky as a bear that has lost
its whelps.\x94

\x93I do not know,\x94 answered the Laird, doggedly, \x93whether I should
conclude or not, if it was not that I am too far forwards to leap back.\x94

\x93Leap back!\x94 exclaimed Craigengelt, with a well-assumed air of
astonishment, \x93that would be playing the back-game with a witness! Leap
back! Why, is not the girl\x92s fortune----\x94

\x93The young lady\x92s, if you please,\x94 said Hayston, interrupting him.

\x93Well--well, no disrespect meant. Will Miss Ashton\x92s tocher not weigh
against any in Lothian?\x94

\x93Granted,\x94 answered Bucklaw; \x93but I care not a penny for her tocher; I
have enough of my own.\x94

\x93And the mother, that loves you like her own child?\x94

\x93Better than some of her children, I believe,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93or there
would be little love wared on the matter.\x94

\x93And Colonel Sholto Douglas Ashton, who desires the marriage above all
earthly things?\x94

\x93Because,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93he expects to carry the county of ---- through
my interest.\x94

\x93And the father, who is as keen to see the match concluded as ever I
have been to win a main?\x94

\x93Ay,\x94 said Bucklaw, in the same disparaging manner, \x93it lies with Sir
William\x92s policy to secure the next best match, since he cannot barter
his child to save the great Ravenswood estate, which the English House
of Lords are about to wrench out of his clutches.\x94

\x93What say you to the young lady herself?\x94 said Craigengelt; \x93the finest
young woman in all Scotland, one that you used to be so fond of when she
was cross, and now she consents to have you, and gives up her engagement
with Ravenswood, you are for jibbing. I must say, the devil\x92s in ye,
when ye neither know what you would have nor what you would want.\x94

\x93I\x92ll tell you my meaning in a word,\x94 answered Bucklaw, getting up and
walking through the room; \x93I want to know what the devil is the cause of
Miss Ashton\x92s changing her mind so suddenly?\x94

\x93And what need you care,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93since the change is in your

\x93I\x92ll tell you what it is,\x94 returned his patron, \x93I never knew much of
that sort of fine ladies, and I believe they may be as capricious as the
devil; but there is something in Miss Ashton\x92s change a devilish deal
too sudden and too serious for a mere flisk of her own. I\x92ll be bound,
Lady Ashton understands every machine for breaking in the human
mind, and there are as many as there are cannon-bit, martingales, and
cavessons for young colts.\x94

\x93And if that were not the case,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93how the devil should
we ever get them into training at all?\x94

\x93And that\x92s true too,\x94 said Bucklaw, suspending his march through the
dining-room, and leaning upon the back of a chair. \x93And besides,
here\x92s Ravenswood in the way still, do you think he\x92ll give up Lucy\x92s

\x93To be sure he will,\x94 answered Craigengelt; \x93what good can it do him to
refuse, since he wishes to marry another woman and she another man?\x94

\x93And you believe seriously,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93that he is going to marry
the foreign lady we heard of?\x94

\x93You heard yourself,\x94 answered Craigengelt, \x93what Captain Westenho said
about it, and the great preparation made for their blythesome bridal.\x94

\x93Captain Westenho,\x94 replied Bucklaw, \x93has rather too much of your own
cast about, Craigie, to make what Sir William would call a \x91famous
witness.\x92 He drinks deep, plays deep, swears deep, and I suspect can lie
and cheat a little into the bargain; useful qualities, Craigie, if
kept in their proper sphere, but which have a little too much of the
freebooter to make a figure in a court of evidence.\x94

\x93Well, then,\x94 said Craigengelt, \x93will you believe Colonel Douglas
Ashton, who heard the Marquis of A---- say in a public circle, but not
aware that he was within ear-shot, that his kinsman had made a
better arrangement for himself than to give his father\x92s land for the
pale-cheeked daughter of a broken-down fanatic, and that Bucklaw was
welcome to the wearing of Ravenswood\x92s shaughled shoes.\x94

\x93Did he say so, by heavens!\x94 cried Bucklaw, breaking out into one of
those incontrollable fits of passion to which he was constitutionally
subject; \x93if I had heard him, I would have torn the tongue out of his
throat before all his peats and minions, and Highland bullies into the
bargain. Why did not Ashton run him through the body?\x94

\x93Capot me if I know,\x94 said the Captain. \x93He deserved it sure enough; but
he is an old man, and a minister of state, and there would be more risk
than credit in meddling with him. You had more need to think of making
up to Miss Lucy Ashton the disgrace that\x92s like to fall upon her than of
interfering with a man too old to fight, and on too high a tool for your
hand to reach him.\x94

\x93It SHALL reach him, though, one day,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93and his kinsman
Ravenswood to boot. In the mean time, I\x92ll take care Miss Ashton
receives no discredit for the slight they have put upon her. It\x92s an
awkward job, however, and I wish it were ended; I scarce know how to
talk to her,--but fill a bumper, Craigie, and we\x92ll drink her health.
It grows late, and a night-cowl of good claret is worth all the
considering-caps in Europe.\x94


     It was the copy of our conference.
     In bed she slept not, for my urging it;
     At board she fed not, for my urging it;
     Alone, it was the subject of my theme;
     In company I often glanced at it.

     Comedy of Errors.

THE next morning saw Bucklaw and his faithful Achates, Craigengelt, at
Ravenswood Castle. They were most courteously received by the knight
and his lady, as well, as by their son and heir, Colonel Ashton. After
a good deal of stammering and blushing--for Bucklaw, notwithstanding his
audacity in other matters, had all the sheepish bashfulness common to
those who have lived little in respectable society--he contrived at
length to explain his wish to be admitted to a conference with Miss
Ashton upon the subject of their approaching union. Sir William and
his son looked at Lady Ashton, who replied with the greatest composure,
\x93That Lucy would wait upon Mr. Hayston directly. I hope,\x94 she added with
a smile, \x93that as Lucy is very young, and has been lately trepanned into
an engagement of which she is now heartily ashamed, our dear Bucklaw
will excuse her wish that I should be present at their interview?\x94

\x93In truth, my dear lady,\x94 said Bucklaw, \x93it is the very thing that
I would have desired on my own account; for I have been so little
accustomed to what is called gallantry, that I shall certainly fall into
some cursed mistake unless I have the advantage of your ladyship as an

It was thus that Bucklaw, in the perturbation of his embarrassment upon
this critical occasion, forgot the just apprehensions he had entertained
of Lady Ashton\x92s overbearing ascendency over her daughter\x92s mind, and
lost an opportunity of ascertaining, by his own investigation, the real
state of Lucy\x92s feelings.

The other gentlemen left the room, and in a short time Lady Ashton,
followed by her daughter, entered the apartment. She appeared, as he had
seen her on former occasions, rather composed than agitated; but a nicer
judge than he could scarce have determined whether her calmness was that
of despair or of indifference. Bucklaw was too much agitated by his own
feelings minutely to scrutinise those of the lady. He stammered out an
unconnected address, confounding together the two or three topics to
which it related, and stopt short before he brought it to any regular
conclusion. Miss Ashton listened, or looked as if she listened, but
returned not a single word in answer, continuing to fix her eyes on
a small piece of embroidery on which, as if by instinct or habit, her
fingers were busily employed. Lady Ashton sat at some distance, almost
screened from notice by the deep embrasure of the window in which she
had placed her chair. From this she whispered, in a tone of voice
which, though soft and sweet, had something in it of admonition, if not
command: \x93Lucy, my dear, remember--have you heard what Bucklaw has been

The idea of her mother\x92s presence seemed to have slipped from the
unhappy girl\x92s recollection. She started, dropped her needle, and
repeated hastily, and almost in the same breath, the contradictory
answers: \x93Yes, madam--no, my lady--I beg pardon, I did not hear.\x94

\x93You need not blush, my love, and still less need you look so pale and
frightened,\x94 said Lady Ashton, coming forward; \x93we know that maiden\x92s
ears must be slow in receiving a gentleman\x92s language; but you must
remember Mr. Hayston speaks on a subject on which you have long since
agreed to give him a favourable hearing. You know how much your father
and I have our hearts set upon an event so extremely desirable.\x94

In Lady Ashton\x92s voice, a tone of impressive, and even stern, innuendo
was sedulously and skilfully concealed under an appearance of the most
affectionate maternal tenderness. The manner was for Bucklaw, who was
easily enough imposed upon; the matter of the exhortation was for the
terrified Lucy, who well knew how to interpret her mother\x92s hints,
however skilfully their real purport might be veiled from general

Miss Ashton sat upright in her chair, cast round her a glance in which
fear was mingled with a still wilder expression, but remained perfectly
silent. Bucklaw, who had in the mean time paced the room to and fro,
until he had recovered his composure, now stopped within two or three
yards of her chair, and broke out as follows: \x93I believe I have been a
d--d fool, Miss Ashton; I have tried to speak to you as people tell me
young ladies like to be talked to, and I don\x92t think you comprehend
what I have been saying; and no wonder, for d--n me if I understand it
myself! But, however, once for all, and in broad Scotch, your father and
mother like what is proposed, and if you can take a plain young fellow
for your husband, who will never cross you in anything you have a mind
to, I will place you at the head of the best establishment in the three
Lothians; you shall have Lady Girnington\x92s lodging in the Canongate of
Edinburgh, go where you please, do what you please, and see what you
please--and that\x92s fair. Only I must have a corner at the board-end for
a worthless old playfellow of mine, whose company I would rather want
than have, if it were not that the d--d fellow has persuaded me that I
can\x92t do without him; and so I hope you won\x92t except against Craigie,
although it might be easy to find much better company.\x94

\x93Now, out upon you, Bucklaw,\x94 said Lady Ashton, again interposing;
\x93how can you think Lucy can have any objection to that blunt, honest,
good-natured creature, Captain Craigengelt?\x94

\x93Why, madam,\x94 replied Bucklaw, \x93as to Craigie\x92s sincerity, honesty, and
good-nature, they are, I believe, pretty much upon a par; but that\x92s
neither here nor there--the fellow knows my ways, and has got useful to
me, and I cannot well do without him, as I said before. But all this is
nothing to the purpose; for since I have mustered up courage to make a
plain proposal, I would fain hear Miss Ashton, from her own lips, give
me a plain answer.\x94

\x93My dear Bucklaw,\x94 said Lady Ashton, \x93let me spare Lucy\x92s bashfulness.
I tell you, in her presence, that she has already consented to be guided
by her father and me in this matter. Lucy, my love,\x94 she added, with
that singular combination of suavity of tone and pointed energy which we
have already noticed--\x93Lucy, my dearest love! speak for yourself, is it
not as I say?\x94

Her victim answered in a tremulous and hollow voice: \x93I HAVE promised to
obey you--but upon one condition.\x94

\x93She means,\x94 said Lady Ashton, turning to Bucklaw, \x93she expects an
answer to the demand which she has made upon the man at Vienna, or
Ratisbon, or Paris--or where is he?--for restitution of the engagement
in which he had the art to involve her. You will not, I am sure, my dear
friend, think it is wrong that she should feel much delicacy upon this
head; indeed, it concerns us all.\x94

\x93Perfectly right--quite fair,\x94 said Bucklaw, half humming, half speaking
the end of the old song--

     \x93It is best to be off wi\x92 the old love
     Before you be on wi\x92 the new.

But I thought,\x94 said he, pausing, \x93you might have had an answer six
times told from Ravenswood. D--n me, if I have not a mind to go fetch
one myself, if Miss Ashton will honour me with the commission.\x94

\x93By no means,\x94 said Lady Ashton; \x93we have had the utmost difficulty of
preventing Douglas, for whom it would be more proper, from taking so
rash a step; and do you think we could permit you, my good friend,
almost equally dear to us, to go to a desperate man upon an errand so
desperate? In fact, all the friends of the family are of opinion, and my
dear Lucy herself ought so to think, that, as this unworthy person has
returned no answer to her letter, silence must on this, as in other
cases, be held to give consent, and a contract must be supposed to be
given up, when the party waives insisting upon it. Sir William, who
should know best, is clear upon this subject; and therefore, my dear

\x93Madam,\x94 said Lucy, with unwonted energy, \x93urge me no farther; if this
unhappy engagement be restored, I have already said you shall dispose
of me as you will; till then I should commit a heavy sin in the sight
of God and man in doing what you require.\x94 \x93But, my love, if this man
remains obstinately silent----\x94

\x93He will NOT be silent,\x94 answered Lucy; \x93it is six weeks since I sent
him a double of my former letter by a sure hand.\x94

\x93You have not--you could not--you durst not,\x94 said Lady Ashton, with
violence inconsistent with the tone she had intended to assume; but
instantly correcting herself, \x93My dearest Lucy,\x94 said she, in her
sweetest tone of expostulation, \x93how could you think of such a thing?\x94

\x93No matter,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93I respect Miss Ashton for her sentiments,
and I only wish I had been her messenger myself.\x94

\x93And pray how long, Miss Ashton,\x94 said her mother, ironically, \x93are
we to wait the return of your Pacolet--your fairy messenger--since our
humble couriers of flesh and blood could not be trusted in this matter?\x94

\x93I have numbered weeks, days, hours, and minutes,\x94 said Miss Ashton;
\x93within another week I shall have an answer, unless he is dead. Till
that time, sir,\x94 she said, addressing Bucklaw, \x93let me be thus far
beholden to you, that you will beg my mother to forbear me upon this

\x93I will make it my particular entreaty to Lady Ashton,\x94 said Bucklaw.
\x93By my honour, madam, I respect your feelings; and, although the
prosecution of this affair be rendered dearer to me than ever, yet, as
I am a gentleman, I would renounce it, were it so urged as to give you a
moment\x92s pain.\x94

\x93Mr. Hayston, I think, cannot comprehend that,\x94 said Lady Ashton,
looking pale with anger, \x93when the daughter\x92s happiness lies in the
bosom of the mother. Let me ask you, Miss Ashton, in what terms your
last letter was couched?\x94

\x93Exactly in the same, madam,\x94 answered Lucy, \x93which you dictated on a
former occasion.\x94

\x93When eight days have elapsed, then,\x94 said her mother, resuming her tone
of tenderness, \x93we shall hope, my dearest love, that you will end this

\x93Miss Ashton must not be hurried, madam,\x94 said Bucklaw, whose bluntness
of feeling did not by any means arise from want of good-nature;
\x93messengers may be stopped or delayed. I have known a day\x92s journey
broke by the casting of a foreshoe. Stay, let me see my calendar: the
twentieth day from this is St. Jude\x92s, and the day before I must be at
Caverton Edge, to see the match between the Laird of Kittlegirth\x92s black
mare and Johnston the meal-monger\x92s four-year-old-colt; but I can ride
all night, or Craigie can bring me word how the match goes; and I hope,
in the mean time, as I shall not myself distress Miss Ashton with any
further importunity, that your ladyship yourself, and Sir William, and
Colonel Douglas will have the goodness to allow her uninterrupted time
for making up her mind.\x94

\x93Sir,\x94 said Miss Ashton, \x93you are generous.\x94

\x93As for that, madam,\x94 answered Bucklaw, \x93I only pretend to be a plain,
good-humoured young fellow, as I said before, who will willingly make you
happy if you will permit him, and show him how to do so.\x94 Having said
this, he saluted her with more emotion than was consistent with
his usual train of feeling, and took his leave; Lady Ashton, as she
accompanied him out of the apartment, assuring him that her daughter did
full justice to the sincerity of his attachment, and requesting him to
see Sir William before his departure, \x93since,\x94 as she said, with a keen
glance reverting towards Lucy, \x93against St. Jude\x92s day, we must all be
ready to SIGN AND SEAL.\x94

\x93To sign and seal!\x94 echoed Lucy, in a muttering tone, as the door of the
apartment closed--\x93to sign and seal--to do and die!\x94 and, clasping her
extenuated hands together, she sunk back on the easy-chair she occupied,
in a state resembling stupor.

From this she was shortly after awakened by the boisterous entry of her
brother Henry, who clamorously reminded her of a promise to give him
two yards of carnation ribbon to make knots to his new garters. With the
most patient composure Lucy arose, and opening a little ivory cabinet,
sought out the ribbon the lad waned, measured it accurately, cut it off
into proper lengths, and knotted it into the fashion his boyish whim

\x93Dinna shut the cabinet yet,\x94 said Henry, \x93for I must have some of your
silver wire to fasten the bells to my hawk\x92s jesses,--and yet the new
falcon\x92s not worth them neither; for do you know, after all the plague
we had to get her from an eyrie, all the way at Posso, in Mannor Water,
she\x92s going to prove, after all, nothing better than a rifler: she just
wets her singles in the blood of the partridge, and then breaks away,
and lets her fly; and what good can the poor bird do after that, you
know, except pine and die in the first heather-cow or whin-bush she can
crawl into?\x94

\x93Right, Henry--right--very right,\x94 said Luch, mournfully, holding the
boy fast by the hand, after she had given him the wire he wanted; \x93but
there are more riflers in the world than your falcon, and more wounded
birds that seek but to die in quiet, that can find neither brake nor
whin-bush to hide their head in.\x94

\x93Ah! that\x92s some speech out of your romances,\x94 said the boy; \x93and Sholto
says they have turned your head. But I hear Norman whistling to the
hawk; I must go fasten on the jesses.\x94

And he scampered away with the thoughtless gaiety of boyhood, leaving
his sister to the bitterness of her own reflections.

\x93It is decreed,\x94 she said, \x93that every living creature, even those who
owe me most kindness, are to shun me, and leave me to those by whom I am
beset. It is just it should be thus. Alone and uncounselled, I involved
myself in these perils; alone and uncounselled, I must extricate myself
or die.\x94


     What doth ensue
     But moody and dull melancholy,
     Kinsman to grim and comfortless despair,
     And at her heel, a huge infectious troop
     Of pale distemperatures, and foes to life?

     Comedy of Errors.

AS some vindication of the ease with which Bucklaw (who otherwise, as
he termed himself, was really a very good-humoured fellow) resigned his
judgment to the management of Lady Ashton, while paying his addresses
to her daughter, the reader must call to mind the strict domestic
discipline which, at this period, was exercised over the females of a
Scottish family.

The manners of the country in this, as in many other respects, coincided
with those of France before the Revolution. Young women of the higher
rank seldom mingled in society until after marriage, and, both in law
and fact, were held to be under the strict tutelage of their parents,
who were too apt to enforce the views for their settlement in life
without paying any regard to the inclination of the parties chiefly
interested. On such occasions, the suitor expected little more from his
bride than a silent acquiescence in the will of her parents; and as few
opportunities of acquaintance, far less of intimacy, occurred, he made
his choice by the outside, as the lovers in the Merchant of Venice
select the casket, contented to trust to chance the issue of the lottery
in which he had hazarded a venture.

It was not therefore surprising, such being the general manners of the
age, that Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw, whom dissipated habits had detached
in some degree from the best society, should not attend particularly to
those feelings in his elected bride to which many men of more sentiment,
experience, and reflection would, in all probability, have been equally
indifferent. He knew what all accounted the principal point, that her
parents and friends, namely, were decidedly in his favour, and that
there existed most powerful reasons for their predilection.

In truth, the conduct of the Marquis of A----, since Ravenswood\x92s
departure, had been such as almost to bar the possibility of his
kinsman\x92s union with Lucy Ashton. The Marquis was Ravenswood\x92s sincere
but misjudging friend; or rather, like many friends and patrons,
he consulted what he considered to be his relation\x92s true interest,
although he knew that in doing so he ran counter to his inclinations.

The Marquis drove on, therefore, with the plentitude of ministerial
authority, an appeal to the British House of Peers against those
judgments of the courts of law by which Sir William became possessed of
Ravenswood\x92s hereditary property. As this measure, enforced with all the
authority of power, was new in Scottish judicial proceedings, though now
so frequently resorted to, it was exclaimed against by the lawyers
on the opposite side of politics, as an interference with the civil
judicature of the country, equally new, arbitrary, and tyrannical. And
if it thus affected even strangers connected with them only by political
party, it may be guessed what the Ashton family themselves said
and thought under so gross a dispensation. Sir William, still more
worldly-minded than he was timid, was reduced to despair by the loss
by which he was threatened. His son\x92s haughtier spirit was exalted into
rage at the idea of being deprived of his expected patrimony. But to
Lady Ashton\x92s yet more vindictive temper the conduct of Ravenswood, or
rather of his patron, appeared to be an offence challenging the deepest
and most immortal revenge. Even the quiet and confiding temper of Lucy
herself, swayed by the opinions expressed by all around her, could not
but consider the conduct of Ravenswood as precipitate, and even unkind.
\x93It was my father,\x94 she repeated with a sigh, \x93who welcomed him to this
place, and encouraged, or at least allowed, the intimacy between us.
Should he not have remembered this, and requited it with at least some
moderate degree of procrastination in the assertion of his own alleged
rights? I would have forfeited for him double the value of these lands,
which he pursues with an ardour that shows he has forgotten how much I
am implicated in the matter.\x94

Lucy, however, could only murmur these things to herself, unwilling to
increase the prejudices against her lover entertained by all around
her, who exclaimed against the steps pursued on his account as illegal,
vexatious, and tyrannical, resembling the worst measures in the worst
times of the worst Stuarts, and a degradation of Scotland, the decisions
of whose learned judges were thus subjected to the review of a court
composed indeed of men of the highest rank, and who were not trained to
the study of any municipal law, and might be supposed specially to hold
in contempt that of Scotland. As a natural consequence of the alleged
injustice meditated towards her father, every means was restored to, and
every argument urged to induce Miss Ashton to break off her engagement
with Ravenswood, as being scandalous, shameful, and sinful, formed with
the mortal enemy of her family, and calculated to add bitterness to the
distress of her parents.

Lucy\x92s spirit, however, was high, and, although unaided and alone,
she could have borne much: she could have endured the repinings of her
father; his murmurs against what he called the tyrannical usage of the
ruling party; his ceaseless charges of ingratitude against Ravenswood;
his endless lectures on the various means by which contracts may be
voided and annulled; his quotations from the civil, municipal, and the
canon law; and his prelections upon the patria potestas.

She might have borne also in patience, or repelled with scorn, the
bitter taunts and occasional violence of her brother, Colonel Douglas
Ashton, and the impertinent and intrusive interference of other friends
and relations. But it was beyond her power effectually to withstand or
elude the constant and unceasing persecution of Lady Ashton, who, laying
every other wish aside, had bent the whol efforts of her powerful
mind to break her daughter\x92s contract with Ravenswood, and to place
a perpetual bar between the lovers, by effecting Lucy\x92s union with
Bucklaw. Far more deeply skilled than her husband in the recesses of the
human heart, she was aware that in this way she might strike a blow of
deep and decisive vengeance upon one whom she esteemed as her mortal
enemy; nor did she hesitate at raising her arm, although she knew that
the wound must be dealt through the bosom of her daughter. With this
stern and fixed purpose, she sounded every deep and shallow of her
daughter\x92s soul, assumed alternately every disguise of manner which
could serve her object, and prepared at leisure every species of dire
machinery by which the human mind can be wrenched from its settled
determination. Some of these were of an obvious description, and require
only to be cursorily mentioned; others were characteristic of the time,
the country, and the persons engaged in this singular drama.

It was of the last consequence that all intercourse betwixt the lovers
should be stopped, and, by dint of gold and authority, Lady Ashton
contrived to possess herself of such a complete command of all who were
placed around her daughter, that, if fact, no leaguered fortress was
ever more completely blockaded; while, at the same time, to all outward
appearance Miss Ashton lay under no restriction. The verge of her
parents\x92 domains became, in respect to her, like the viewless and
enchanted line drawn around a fairy castle, where nothing unpermitted
can either enter from without or escape from within. Thus every letter,
in which Ravenswood conveyed to Lucy Ashton the indispensable reasons
which detained him abroad, and more than one note which poor Lucy had
addressed to him through what she thought a secure channel, fell into
the hands of her mother. It could not be but that the tenor of these
intercepted letters, especially those of Ravenswood, should contain
something to irritate the passions and fortify the obstinacy of her into
whose hands they fell; but Lady Ashton\x92s passions were too deep-rooted
to require this fresh food. She burnt the papers as regularly as she
perused them; and as they consumed into vapour and tinder, regarded them
with a smile upon her compressed lips, and an exultation in her steady
eye, which showed her confidence that the hopes of the writers should
soon be rendered equally unsubstantial.

It usually happens that fortune aids the machinations of those who are
prompt to avail themselves of every chance that offers. A report was
wafted from the continent, founded, like others of the same sort, upon
many plausible circumstances, but without any real basis, stating the
Master of Ravenswood to be on the eve of marriage with a foreign lady
of fortune and distinction. This was greedily caught up by both the
political parties, who were at once struggling for power and for popular
favour, and who seized, as usual, upon the most private circumstances
in the lives of each other\x92s partisans to convert them into subjects of
political discussion.

The Marquis of A---- gave his opinion aloud and publicly, not indeed in
the coarse terms ascribed to him by Captain Craigengelt, but in a manner
sufficiently offensive to the Ashtons. \x93He thought the report,\x94 he said,
\x93highly probably, and heartily wished it might be true. Such a match
was fitter and far more creditable for a spirited young fellow than a
marriage with the daughter of an old Whig lawyer, whose chicanery had so
nearly ruined his father.\x94

The other party, of course, laying out of view the opposition which the
Master of Ravenswood received from Miss Ashton\x92s family, cried shame
upon his fickleness and perfidy, as if he had seduced the young lady
into an engagement, and wilfully and causelessly abandoned her for

Sufficient care was taken that this report should find its way to
Ravenswood Castle through every various channel, Lady Ashton being
well aware that the very reiteration of the same rumour, from so many
quarters, could not but give it a semblance of truth. By some it was
told as a piece of ordinary news, by some communicated as serious
intelligence; now it was whispered to Lucy Ashton\x92s ear in the tone of
malignant pleasantry, and now transmitted to her as a matter of grave
and serious warning.

Even the boy Henry was made the instrument of adding to his sister\x92s
torments. One morning he rushed into the room with a willow branch in
his hand, which he told her had arrived that instant from Germany for
her special wearing. Lucy, as we have seen, was remarkably fond of
her younger brother, and at that moment his wanton and thoughtless
unkindness seemed more keenly injurious than even the studied insults of
her elder brother. Her grief, however, had no shade of resentment; she
folded her arms about the boy\x92s neck, and saying faintly, \x93Poor Henry!
you speak but what they tell you\x94 she burst into a flood of unrestrained
tears. The boy was moved, notwithstanding the thoughtlessness of his age
and character. \x93The devil take me,\x94 said he, \x93Lucy, if I fetch you any
more of these tormenting messages again; for I like you better,\x94 said
he, kissing away the tears, \x93than the whole pack of them; and you shall
have my grey pony to ride on, and you shall canter him if you like--ay,
and ride beyond the village, too, if you have a mind.\x94

\x93Who told you,\x94 said Lucy, \x93that I am not permitted to ride where I

\x93That\x92s a secret,\x94 said the boy; \x93but you will find you can never ride
beyond the village but your horse will cast a shoe, or fall lame, or the
cattle bell will ring, or something will happen to bring you back. But
if I tell you more of these things, Douglas will nto get me the pair of
colours they have promised me, and so good-morrow to you.\x94

This dialogue plunged Lucy in still deeper dejection, as it tended to
show her plainly what she had for some time suspected, that she was
little better than a prisoner at large in her father\x92s house. We have
described her in the outset of our story as of a romantic disposition,
delighting in tales of love and wonder, and readily identifying herself
with the situation of those legendary heroines with whose adventures,
for want of better reading, her memory had become stocked. The fairy
wand, with which in her solitude she had delighted to raise visions of
enchantment, became now the rod of a magician, the bond slave of evil
_genii_, serving only to invoke spectres at which the exorcist trembled.
She felt herself the object of suspicion, of scorn, of dislike at least,
if not of hatred, to her own family; and it seemed to her that she was
abandoned by the very person on whose account she was exposed to
the enmity of all around her. Indeed, the evidence of Ravenswood\x92s
infidelity began to assume every day a more determined character.
A soldier of fortune, of the name of Westenho, an old familiar of
Craigengelt\x92s, chanced to arrive from abroad about this time. The worthy
Captain, though without any precise communication with Lady Ashton,
always acted most regularly and sedulously in support of her plans,
and easily prevailed upon his friend, by dint of exaggeration of real
circumstances and coming of others, to give explicit testimony to the
truth of Ravenswood\x92s approaching marriage.

Thus beset on all hands, and in a manner reduced to despair, Lucy\x92s
temper gave way under the pressure of constant affliction and
persecution. She became gloomy and abstracted, and, contrary to her
natural and ordinary habit of mind, sometimes turned with spirit, and
even fierceness, on those by whom she was long and closely annoyed. Her
health also began to be shaken, and her hectic cheek and wandering
eye gave symptoms of what is called a fever upon the spirits. In most
mothers this would have moved compassion; but Lady Ashton, compact and
firm of purpose, saw these waverings of health and intellect with no
greater sympathy than that with which the hostile engineer regards the
towers of a beleaguered city as they reel under the discharge of his
artillery; or rather, she considered these starts and inequalities of
temper as symptoms of Lucy\x92s expiring resolution; as the angler, by the
throes and convulsive exertions of the fish which he has hooked,
becomes aware that he soon will be able to land him. To accelerate
the catastrophe in the present case, Lady Ashton had recourse to an
expedient very consistent with the temper and credulity of those times,
but which the reader will probably pronounce truly detestable and


     In which a witch did dwell, in loathly weeds,
     And wilful want, all careless of her deeds;
     So choosing solitary to abide,
     Far from all neighbours, that her devilish deeds
     And hellish arts from people she might hide,
     And hurt far off, unknown, whome\x92er she envied.

     Faerie Queene.

THE health of Lucy Ashton soon required the assistance of a person more
skilful in the office of a sick-nurse than the female domestics of the
family. Ailsie Gourlay, sometimes called the Wise Woman of Bowden, was
the person whom, for her own strong reasons, Lady Ashton selected as an
attendant upon her daughter.

This woman had acquired a considerable reputation among the ignorant by
the pretended cures which she performed, especially in \x93oncomes,\x94 as
the Scotch call them, or mysterious diseases, which baffle the regular
physician. Her pharmacopoeia consisted partly of herbs selected in
planetary hours, partly of words, signs, and charms, which sometimes,
perhaps, produced a favourable influence upon the imagination of her
patients. Such was the avowed profession of Luckie Gourlay, which, as
may well be supposed, was looked upon with a suspicious eye, not only
by her neighbours, but even by the clergy of the district. In
private, however, she traded more deeply in the occult sciences; for,
notwithstanding the dreadful punishments inflicted upon the supposed
crime of witchcraft, there wanted not those who, steeled by want and
bitterness of spirit, were willing to adopt the hateful and dangerous
character, for the sake of the influence which its terrors enabled them
to exercise in the vicinity, and the wretched emolument which they could
extract by the practice of their supposed art.

Ailsie Gourlay was not indeed fool enough to acknowledge a compact with
the Evil One, which would have been a swift and ready road to the stake
and tar-barrel. Her fairy, she said, like Caliban\x92s, was a harmless
fairy. Nevertheless, she \x93spaed fortunes,\x94 read dreams, composed
philtres, discovered stolen goods, and made and dissolved matches as
successfully as if, according to the belief of the whole neighbourhood,
she had been aided in those arts by Beelzebub himself. The worst of the
pretenders to these sciences was, that they were generally persons who,
feeling themselves odious to humanity, were careless of what they did
to deserve the public hatred. Real crimes were often committed under
pretence of magical imposture; and it somewhat relieves the disgust
with which we read, in the criminal records, the conviction of
these wretches, to be aware that many of them merited, as poisoners,
suborners, and diabolical agents in secret domestic crimes, the severe
fate to which they were condemned for the imaginary guilt of witchcraft.

Such was Aislie Gourlay, whom, in order to attain the absolute
subjugation of Lucy Ashton\x92s mind, her mother thought it fitting to
place near her person. A woman of less consequence than Lady Ashton
had not dared to take such a step; but her high rank and strength of
character set her above the censure of the world, and she was allowed to
have selected for her daughter\x92s attendant the best and most experienced
sick-nurse and \x93mediciner\x94 in the neighbourhood, where an inferior
person would have fallen under the reproach of calling in the assistance
of a partner and ally of the great Enemy of mankind.

The beldam caught her cue readily and by innuendo, without giving
Lady Ashton the pain of distinct explanation. She was in many respects
qualified for the part she played, which indeed could not be efficiently
assumed without some knowledge of the human heart and passions. Dame
Gourlay perceived that Lucy shuddered at her external appearance, which
we have already described when we found her in the death-chamber of
blind Alice; and while internally she hated the poor girl for the
involuntary horror with which she saw she was regarded, she commenced
her operations by endeavouring to efface or overcome those prejudices
which, in her heart, she resented as mortal offences. This was easily
done, for the hag\x92s external ugliness was soon balanced by a show of
kindness and interest, to which Lucy had of late been little accustomed;
her attentive services and real skill gained her the ear, if not the
confidence, of her patient; and under pretence of diverting the solitude
of a sick-room, she soon led her attention captive by the legends in
which she was well skilled, and to which Lucy\x92s habit of reading and
reflection induced her to \x93lend an attentive ear.\x94 Dame Gourlay\x92s tales
were at first of a mild and interesting character--

     Of fays that nightly dance upon the wold,
     And lovers doom\x92d to wander and to weep,
     And castles high, where wicked wizards keep
     Their captive thralls.

Gradually, however, they assumed a darker and more mysterious character,
and became such as, told by the midnight lamp, and enforced by the
tremulous tone, the quivering and livid lip, the uplifted skinny
forefinger, and the shaking head of the blue-eyed hag, might have
appalled a less credulous imagination in an age more hard of belief. The
old Sycorax saw her advantage, and gradually narrowed her magic circle
around the devoted victim on whose spirit she practised. Her legends
began to relate to the fortunes of the Ravenswood family, whose ancient
grandeur and portentous authority credulity had graced with so many
superstitious attributes. The story of the fatal fountain was narrated
at full length, and with formidable additions, by the ancient sibyl. The
prophecy, quoted by Caleb, concerning the dead bride who was to be won
by the last of the Ravenswoods, had its own mysterious commentary;
and the singular circumstance of the apparition seen by the Master of
Ravenswood in the forest, having partly transpired through his
hasty inquiries in the cottage of Old Alice, formed a theme for many

Lucy might have despised these tales if they had been related concerning
another family, or if her own situation had been less despondent. But
circumstanced as she was, the idea that an evil fate hung over her
attachment became predominant over her other feelings; and the gloom
of superstition darkened a mind already sufficiently weakened by
sorrow, distress, uncertainty, and an oppressive sense of desertion and
desolation. Stories were told by her attendant so closely resembling her
own in their circumstances, that she was gradually led to converse upon
such tragic and mystical subjects with the beldam, and to repose a sort
of confidence in the sibyl, whom she still regarded with involuntary
shuddering. Dame Gourlay knew how to avail herself of this imperfect
confidence. She directed Lucy\x92s thoughts to the means of inquiring into
futurity--the surest mode perhaps, of shaking the understanding and
destroying the spirits. Omens were expounded, dreams were interpreted,
and other tricks of jugglery perhaps resorted to, by which the pretended
adepts of the period deceived and fascinated their deluded followers. I
find it mentioned in the articles of distay against Ailsie Gourlay--for
it is some comfort to know that the old hag was tried, condemned, and
burned on the top of North Berwick Law, by sentence of a commission
from the privy council--I find, I say, it was charged against her, among
other offences, that she had, by the aid and delusions of Satan, shown
to a young person of quality, in a mirror glass, a gentleman then
abroad, to whom the said young person was betrothed, and who appeared in
the vision to be in the act of bestowing his hand upon another lady. But
this and some other parts of the record appear to have been studiously
left imperfect in names and dates, probably out of regard to the honour
of the families concerned. If Dame Gourlay was able actually to play
off such a piece of jugglery, it is clear she must have had better
assistance to practise the deception than her own skill or funds could
supply. Meanwhile, this mysterious visionary traffic had its usual
effect in unsettling Miss Ashton\x92s mind. Her temper became unequal,
her health decayed daily, her manners grew moping, melancholy,
and uncertain. Her father, guessing partly at the cause of these
appearances, made a point of banishing Dame Gourlay from the castle;
but the arrow was shot, and was rankling barb-deep in the side of the
wounded deer.

It was shortly after the departure of this woman, that Lucy Ashton,
urged by her parents, announced to them, with a vivacity by which they
were startled, \x93That she was conscious heaven and earth and hell had set
themselves against her union with Ravenswood; still her contract,\x94 she
said, \x93was a binding contract, and she neither would nor could resign
it without the consent of Ravenswood. Let me be assured,\x94 she concluded,
\x93that he will free me from my engagement, and dispose of me as you
please, I care not how. When the diamonds are gone, what signifies the

The tone of obstinacy with which this was said, her eyes flashing
with unnatural light, and her hands firmly clenched, precluded the
possibility of dispute; and the utmost length which Lady Ashton\x92s art
could attain, only got her the privilege of dictating the letter, by
which her daughter required to know of Ravenswood whether he intended to
abide by or to surrender what she termed \x93their unfortunate engagement.\x94
 Of this advantage Lady Ashton so far and so ingeniously availed herself
that, according to the wording of the letter, the reader would have
supposed Lucy was calling upon her lover to renounce a contract which
was contrary to the interests and inclinations of both. Not trusting
even to this point of deception, Lady Ashton finally determined to
suppress the letter altogether, in hopes that Lucy\x92s impatience would
induce her to condemn Ravenswood unheard and in absence. In this she was
disappointed. The time, indeed, had long elapsed when an answer should
have been received from the continent. The faint ray of hope which still
glimmered in Lucy\x92s mind was well nigh extinguished. But the idea never
forsook her that her letter might not have been duly forwarded. One of
her mother\x92s new machinations unexpectedly furnished her with the means
of ascertaining what she most desired to know.

The female agent of hell having been dismissed from the castle, Lady
Ashton, who wrought by all variety of means, resolved to employ, for
working the same end on Lucy\x92s mind, an agent of a very different
character. This was no other than the Reverent Mr. Bide-the-Bent, a
presbyterian clergyman, formerly mentioned, of the very strictest
order and the most rigid orthodoxy, whose aid she called in, upon the
principle of the tyrant in the in the tragedy:

     I\x92ll have a priest shall preach her from her faith,
     And make it sin not to renounce that vow
     Which I\x92d have broken.

But Lady Ashton was mistaken in the agent she had selected. His
prejudices, indeed, were easily enlisted on her side, and it was no
difficult matter to make him regard with horror the prospect of a union
betwixt the daughter of a God-fearing, professing, and Presbyterian
family of distinction and the heir of a bloodthirsty prelatist and
persecutor, the hands of whose fathers had been dyed to the wrists in
the blood of God\x92s saints. This resembled, in the divine\x92s opinion, the
union of a Moabitish stranger with a daughter of Zion. But with all
the more severe prejudices and principles of his sect, Bide-the-Bent
possessed a sound judgment, and had learnt sympathy even in that very
school of persecution where the heart is so frequently hardened. In a
private interview with Miss Ashton, he was deeply moved by her distress,
and could not but admit the justice of her request to be permitted a
direct communication with Ravenswood upon the subject of their solemn
contract. When she urged to him the great uncertainty under which she
laboured whether her letter had been ever forwarded, the old man paced
the room with long steps, shook his grey head, rested repeatedly for a
space on his ivory-headed staff, and, after much hesitation, confessed
that he thought her doubts so reasonable that he would himself aid in
the removal of them.

\x93I cannot but opine, Miss Lucy,\x94 he said, \x93that your worshipful lady
mother hath in this matter an eagerness whilk, although it ariseth
doubtless from love to your best interests here and hereafter, for the
man is of persecuting blood, and himself a persecutor, a Cavalier
or Malignant, and a scoffer, who hath no inheritance in Jesse;
nevertheless, we are commanded to do justice unto all, and to fulfil
our bond and covenant, as well to the stranger as to him who is in
brotherhood with us. Wherefore myself, even I myself, will be aiding
unto the delivery of your letter to the man Edgar Ravenswood, trusting
that the issue thereof may be your deliverance from the nets in which he
hath sinfully engaged you. And that I may do in this neither more nor
less than hath been warranted by your honourable parents, I pray you
to transcribe, without increment or subtraction, the letter formerly
expeded under the dictation of your right honourable mother; and I shall
put it into such sure course of being delivered, that if, honourable
young madam, you shall receive no answer, it will be necessary that
you conclude that the man meaneth in silence to abandon that naughty
contract, which, peradventure, he may be unwilling directly to restore.\x94

Lucy eagerly embraced the expedient of the worthy divine. A new letter
was written in the precise terms of the former, and consigned by Mr.
Bide-the-Bent to the charge of Saunders Moonshine, a zealous elder of
the church when on shore, and when on board his brig as bold a smuggler
as ever ran out a sliding bowsprit to the winds that blow betwixt
Campvere and the east coast of Scotland. At the recommendation of his
pastor, Saunders readily undertook that the letter should be securely
conveyed to the Master of Ravenswood at the court where he now resided.

This retrospect became necessary to explain the conference betwixt Miss
Ashton, her mother, and Bucklaw which we have detailed in a preceding

Lucy was now like the sailor who, while drifting through a tempestuous
ocean, clings for safety to a single plank, his powers of grasping it
becoming every moment more feeble, and the deep darkness of the night
only checkered by the flashes of lightning, hissing as they show the
white tops of the billows, in which he is soon to be engulfed.

Week crept away after week, and day after day. St. Jude\x92s day arrived,
the last and protracted term to which Lucy had limited herself, and
there was neither letter nor news of Ravenswood.


     How fair these names, how much unlike they look
     To all the blurr\x92d subscriptions in my book!
     The bridegroom\x92s letters stand in row above,
     Tapering, yet straight, like pine-trees in his grove;
     While free and fine the bride\x92s appear below,
     As light and slender as her jessamines grow.


ST. JUDE\x92s day came, the term assigned by Lucy herself as the furthest
date of expectation, and, as we have already said, there were neither
letters from nor news of Ravenswood. But there were news of Bucklaw, and
of his trusty associate Craigengelt, who arrived early in the morning
for the completion of the proposed espousals, and for signing the
necessary deeds.

These had been carefully prepared under the revisal of Sir William
Ashton himself, it having been resolved, on account of the state of Miss
Ashton\x92s health, as it was said, that none save the parties immediately
interested should be present when the parchments were subscribed. It
was further determined that the marriage should be solemnised upon the
fourth day after signing the articles, a measure adopted by Lady Ashton,
in order that Lucy might have as little time as possible to recede or
relapse into intractability. There was no appearance, however, of
her doing either. She heard the proposed arrangement with the calm
indifference of despair, or rather with an apathy arising from the
oppressed and stupified state of her feelings. To an eye so unobserving
as that of Bucklaw, her demeanour had little more of reluctance than
might suit the character of a bashful young lady, who, however, he could
not disguise from himself, was complying with the choice of her friends
rather than exercising any personal predilection in his favour.

When the morning compliment of the bridegroom had been paid, Miss Ashton
was left for some time to herself; her mother remarking, that the deeds
must be signed before the hour of noon, in order that the marriage might
be happy. Lucy suffered herself to be attired for the occasion as the
taste of her attendants suggested, and was of course splendidly arrayed.
Her dress was composed of white satin and Brussels lace, and her
hair arranged with a profusion of jewels, whose lustre made a strange
contrast to the deadly paleness of her complexion, and to the trouble
which dwelt in her unsettled eye.

Her toilette was hardly finished ere Henry appeared, to conduct the
passive bride to the state apartment, where all was prepared for signing
the contract. \x93Do you know, sister,\x94 he said, \x93I am glad you are to
have Bucklaw after all, instead of Ravenswood, who looked like a Spanish
grandee come to cut our throats and trample our bodies under foot.
And I am glad the broad seas are between us this day, for I shall never
forget how frightened I was when I took him for the picture of old Sir
Malise walked out of the canvas. Tell me true, are you not glad to be
fairly shot of him?\x94

\x93Ask me no questions, dear Henry,\x94 said his unfortunate sister; \x93there
is little more can happen to make me either glad or sorry in this

\x93And that\x92s what all young brides say,\x94 said Henry; \x93and so do not be
cast down, Lucy, for you\x92ll tell another tale a twelvemonth hence; and I
am to be bride\x92s-man, and ride before you to the kirk; and all our kith,
kin, and allies, and all Bucklaw\x92s, are to be mounted and in order; and
I am to have a scarlet laced coat, and a feathered hat, and a sword-belt,
double bordered with gold, and point d\x92Espagne, and a dagger instead of
a sword; and I should like a sword much better, but my father won\x92t
hear of it. All my things, and a hundred besides, are to come out from
Edinburgh to-night with old Gilbert and the sumpter mules; and I will
bring them and show them to you the instant they come.\x94

The boy\x92s chatter was here interrupted by the arrival of Lady Ashton,
somewhat alarmed at her daughter\x92s stay. With one of her sweetest
smiles, she took Lucy\x92s arm under her own.

There were only present, Sir William Ashton and Colonel Douglas Ashton,
the last in full regimentals; Bucklaw, in bridegroom trim; Craigengelt,
freshly equipt from top to toe by the bounty of his patron, and
bedizened with as much lace as might have become the dress of the Copper
Captain; together with the Rev. Mr. Bide-the-Bent; the presence of
a minister being, in strict Presbyterian families, an indispensable
requisite upon all occasions of unusual solemnity.

Wines and refreshments were placed on a table, on which the writings
were displayed, ready for signature.

But before proceeding either to business or refreshment, Mr.
Bide-the-Bent, at a signal from Sir William Ashton, invited the company
to join him in a short extemporary prayer, in which he implored a
blessing upon the contract now to be solemnised between the honourable
parties then present. With the simplicity of his times and profession,
which permitted strong personal allusions, he petitioned that the
wounded mind of one of these noble parties might be healed, in reward
of her compliance with the advice of her right honourable parents; and
that, as she had proved herself a child after God\x92s commandment, by
honouring her father and mother, she and hers might enjoy the promised
blessing--length of days in the land here, and a happy portion hereafter
in a better country. He prayed farther, that the bridegroom might
be weaned from those follies which seduced youth from the path of
knowledge; that he might cease to take delight in vain and unprofitable
company, scoffers, rioters, and those who sit late at the wine (here
Bucklaw winked at Craigengelt), and cease from the society that causeth
to err. A suitable supplication in behalf of Sir William and Lady Ashton
and their family concluded this religious address, which thus embraced
every individual present excepting Craigengelt, whom the worthy divine
probably considered as past all hopes of grace.

The business of the day now went forward: Sir William Ashton signed
the contract with legal solemnity and precision; his son, with military
nonchalance; and Bucklaw, having subscribed as rapidly as Craigengelt
could manage to turn the leaves, concluded by wiping his pen on that
worthy\x92s new laced cravat. It was now Miss Ashton\x92s turn to sign the
writings, and she was guided by her watchful mother to the table for
that purpose. At her first attempt, she began to write with a dry pen,
and when the circumstance was pointed out, seemed unable, after several
attempts, to dip it in the massive silver ink-standish, which stood full
before her. Lady Ashton\x92s vigilance hastened to supply the deficiency. I
have myself seen the fatal deed, and in the distinct characters in which
the name of Lucy Ashton is traced on each page there is only a very
slight tremulous irregularity, indicative of her state of mind at the
time of the subscription. But the last signature is incomplete, defaced,
and blotted; for, while her hand was employed in tracing it, the hasty
tramp of a horse was heard at the gate, succeeded by a step in the
outer gallery, and a voice which, in a commanding tone, bore down the
opposition of the menials. The pen dropped from Lucy\x92s fingers, as she
exclaimed with a faint shriek: \x93He is come--he is come!\x94


     This by his tongue should be a Montague!
     Fetch me my rapier, boy;
     Now, by the faith and honour of my kin,
     To strike him dead I hold it not a sin.

     Romeo and Juliet.

HARDLY had Miss Ashton dropped the pen, when the door of the apartment
flew open, and the Master of Ravenswood entered the apartment.

Lockhard and another domestic, who had in vain attempted to oppose his
passage through the gallery or antechamber, were seen standing on the
threshold transfixed with surprise, which was instantly communicated to
the whole party in the state-room. That of Colonel Douglas Ashton was
mingled with resentment; that of Bucklaw with haughty and affected
indifference; the rest, even Lady Ashton herself, showed signs of
fear; and Lucy seemed stiffened to stone by this unexpected apparition.
Apparition it might well be termed, for Ravenswood had more the
appearance of one returned from the dead than of a living visitor.

He planted himself full in the middle of the apartment, opposite to the
table at which Lucy was seated, on whom, as if she had been alone in the
chamber, he bent his eyes with a mingled expression of deep grief and
deliberate indignation. His dark-coloured riding cloak, displaced from
one shoulder, hung around one side of his person in the ample folds of
the Spanish mantle. The rest of his rich dress was travel-soiled, and
deranged by hard riding. He had a sword by his side, and pistols in his
belt. His slouched hat, which he had not removed at entrance, gave
an additional gloom to his dark features, which, wasted by sorrow and
marked by the ghastly look communicated by long illness, added to a
countenance naturally somewhat stern and wild a fierce and even savage
expression. The matted and dishevelled locks of hair which escaped from
under his hat, together with his fixed and unmoved posture, made his
head more resemble that of a marble bust than that of a living man. He
said not a single word, and there was a deep silence in the company for
more than two minutes.

It was broken by Lady Ashton, who in that space partly recovered her
natural audacity. She demanded to know the cause of this unauthorised

\x93That is a question, madam,\x94 said her son, \x93which I have the best right
to ask; and I must request of the Master of Ravenswood to follow me
where he can answer it at leisure.\x94

Bucklaw interposed, saying, \x93No man on earth should usurp his previous
right in demanding an explanation from the Master. Craigengelt,\x94 he
added, in an undertone, \x93d--n ye, why do you stand staring as if you saw
a ghost? fetch me my sword from the gallery.\x94

\x93I will relinquish to none,\x94 said Colonel Ashton, \x93my right of calling
to account the man who has offered this unparalleled affront to my
family.\x94 \x93Be patient, gentlemen,\x94 said Ravenswood, turning sternly
towards them, and waving his hand as if to impose silence on their
altercation. \x93If you are as weary of your lives as I am, I will find
time and place to pledge mine against one or both; at present, I have no
leisure for the disputes of triflers.\x94

\x93Triflers!\x94 echoed Colonel Ashton, half unsheathing his sword, while
Bucklaw laid his hand on the hilt of that which Craigengelt had just
reached him.

Sir William Ashton, alarmed for his son\x92s safety, rushed between the
young men and Ravenswood, exclaiming: \x93My son, I command you--Bucklaw, I
entreat you--keep the peace, in the name of the Queen and of the law!\x94

\x93In the name of the law of God,\x94 said Bide-the-Bent, advancing also with
uplifted hands between Bucklaw, the Colonel, and the object of their
resentment--\x93in the name of Him who brought peace on earth and good-will
to mankind, I implore--I beseech--I command you to forbear violence
towards each other! God hateth the bloodthirsty man; he who striketh
with the sword shall perish with the sword.\x94

\x93Do you take me for a dog, sir\x94 said Colonel Ashton, turning fiercely
upon him, \x93or something more brutally stupid, to endure this insult in
my father\x92s house? Let me go, Bucklaw! He shall account to me, or, by
Heavens, I will stab him where he stands!\x94

\x93You shall not touch him here,\x94 said Bucklaw; \x93he once gave me my
life, and were he the devil come to fly away with the whole house and
generation, he shall have nothing but fair play.\x94

The passions of the two young men thus counteracting each other
gave Ravenswood leisure to exclaim, in a stern and steady voice:
\x93Silence!--let him who really seeks danger take the fitting time when
it is to be found; my mission here will be shortly accomplished. Is THAT
your handwriting, madam?\x94 he added in a softer tone, extending towards
Miss Ashton her last letter.

A faltering \x93Yes\x94 seemed rather to escape from her lips than to be
uttered as a voluntary answer.

\x93And is THIS also your handwriting?\x94 extending towards her the mutual

Lucy remained silent. Terror, and a yet stronger and more confused
feeling, so utterly disturbed her understanding that she probably
scarcely comprehended the question that was put to her.

\x93If you design,\x94 said Sir William Ashton, \x93to found any legal claim on
that paper, sir, do not expect to receive any answer to an extrajudicial

\x93Sir William Ashton,\x94 said Ravenswood, \x93I pray you, and all who hear
me, that you will not mistake my purpose. If this young lady, of her own
free will, desires the restoration of this contract, as her letter
would seem to imply, there is not a withered leaf which this autumn wind
strews on the heath that is more valueless in my eyes. But I must and
will hear the truth from her own mouth; without this satisfaction I will
not leave this spot. Murder me by numbers you possibly may; but I am
an armed man--I am a desperate man, and I will not die without ample
vengeance. This is my resolution, take it as you may. I WILL hear her
determination from her own mouth; from her own mouth, alone, and without
witnesses, will I hear it. Now, choose,\x94 he said, drawing his sword with
the right hand, and, with the left, by the same motion taking a pistol
from his belt and cocking it, but turning the point of one weapon and
the muzzle of the other to the ground--\x93choose if you will have this
hall floated with blood, or if you will grant me the decisive interview
with my affianced bride which the laws of God and the country alike
entitle me to demand.\x94

All recoiled at the sound of his voice and the determined action by
which it was accompanied; for the ecstasy of real desperation seldom
fails to overpower the less energetic passions by which it may be
opposed. The clergyman was the first to speak. \x93In the name of God,\x94 he
said, \x93receive an overture of peace from the meanest of His servants.
What this honourable person demands, albeit it is urged with over
violence, hath yet in it something of reason. Let him hear from Miss
Lucy\x92s own lips that she hath dutifully acceded to the will of her
parents, and repenteth her of her covenant with him; and when he is
assured of this he will depart in peace unto his own dwelling, and
cumber us no more. Alas! the workings of the ancient Adam are strong
even in the regenerate; surely we should have long-suffering with those
who, being yet in the gall of bitterness and bond of iniquity, are swept
forward by the uncontrollable current of worldly passion. Let then, the
Master of Ravenswood have the interview on which he insisteth; it can
but be as a passing pang to this honourable maiden, since her faith is
now irrevocably pledged to the choice of her parents. Let it, I say, be
this: it belongeth to my functions to entreat your honours\x92 compliance
with this headling overture.\x94

\x93Never!\x94 answered Lady Ashton, whose rage had now overcome her first
surprise and terror--\x93never shall this man speak in private with my
daughter, the affianced bride of another! pass from this room who will,
I remain here. I fear neither his violence nor his weapons, though some,\x94
 she said, glancing a look towards Colonel Ashton, \x93who bear my name
appear more moved by them.\x94

\x93For God\x92s sake, madam,\x94 answered the worthy divine, \x93add not fuel to
firebrands. The Master of Ravenswood cannot, I am sure, object to your
presence, the young lady\x92s state of health being considered, and your
maternal duty. I myself will also tarry; peradventure my grey hairs may
turn away wrath.\x94

\x93You are welcome to do so, sir,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93and Lady Ashton is
also welcome to remain, if she shall think proper; but let all others

\x93Ravenswood,\x94 said Colonel Ashton, crossing him as he went out, \x93you
shall account for this ere long.\x94

\x93When you please,\x94 replied Ravenswood.

\x93But I,\x94 said Bucklaw, with a half smile, \x93have a prior demand on your
leisure, a claim of some standing.\x94

\x93Arrange it as you will,\x94 said Ravenswood; \x93leave me but this day in
peace, and I will have no dearer employment on earth to-morrow than to
give you all the satisfaction you can desire.\x94

The other gentlemen left the apartment; but Sir William Ashton lingered.

\x93Master of Ravenswood,\x94 he said, in a conciliating tone, \x93I think I have
not deserved that you should make this scandal and outrage in my family.
If you will sheathe your sword, and retire with me into my study, I will
prove to you, by the most satisfactory arguments, the inutility of your
present irregular procedure----\x94

\x93To-morrow, sir--to-morrow--to-morrow, I will hear you at length,\x94
 reiterated Ravenswood, interrupting him; \x93this day hath its own sacred
and indispensable business.\x94

He pointed to the door, and Sir William left the apartment.

Ravenswood sheathed his sword, uncocked and returned his pistol to his
belt; walked deliberately to the door of the apartment, which he bolted;
returned, raised his hat from his forehead, and gazing upon Lucy with
eyes in which an expression of sorrow overcame their late fierceness,
spread his dishevelled locks back from his face, and said, \x93Do you know
me, Miss Ashton? I am still Edgar Ravenswood.\x94 She was silent, and he
went on with increasing vehemence: \x93I am still that Edgar Ravenswood
who, for your affection, renounced the dear ties by which injured honour
bound him to seek vengeance. I am that Ravenswood who, for your sake,
forgave, nay, clasped hands in friendship with, the oppressor and
pillager of his house, the traducer and murderer of his father.\x94

\x93My daughter,\x94 answered Lady Ashton, interrupting him, \x93has no occasion
to dispute the identity of your person; the venom of your present
language is sufficient to remind her that she speaks with the mortal
enemy of her father.\x94

\x93I pray you to be patient, madam,\x94 answered Ravenswood; \x93my answer
must come from her own lips. Once more, Miss Lucy Ashton, I am that
Ravenswood to whom you granted the solemn engagement which you now
desire to retract and cancel.\x94

Lucy\x92s bloodless lips could only falter out the words, \x93It was my

\x93She speaks truly,\x94 said Lady Ashton, \x93it WAS I who, authorised alike
by the laws of God and man, advised her, and concurred with her, to
set aside an unhappy and precipitate engagement, and to annul it by the
authority of Scripture itself.\x94

\x93Scripture!\x94 said Ravenswood, scornfully.

\x93Let him hear the text,\x94 said Lady Ashton, appealing to the divine, \x93on
which you yourself, with cautious reluctance, declared the nullity of
the pretended engagement insisted upon by this violent man.\x94

The clergyman took his clasped Bible from his pocket, and read the
following words: \x93If a woman vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind herself
by a bond, being in her father\x92s house in her youth, and her father hear
her vow, and her bond wherewith she hath bound her soul, and her father
shall hold his peace at her; then all her vows shall stand, and every
vow wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.\x94

\x93And was it not even so with us?\x94 interrrupted Ravenswood.

\x93Control thy impatience, young man,\x94 answered the divine, \x93and hear what
follows in the sacred text: \x91But if her father disallow her in the day
that he heareth, not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath
bound her soul, shall stand; and the Lord shall forgive her, because her
father disallowed her.\x94

\x93And was not,\x94 said Lady Ashton, fiercely and triumphantly breaking
in--\x93was not ours the case stated in the Holy Writ? Will this person
deny, that the instant her parents heard of the vow, or bond, by which
our daughter had bound her soul, we disallowed the same in the most
express terms, and informed him by writing of our determination?\x94

\x93And is this all?\x94 said Ravenswood, looking at Lucy. \x93Are you willing
to barter sworn faith, the exercise of free will, and the feelings of
mutual affection to this wretched hypocritical sophistry?\x94

\x93Hear him!\x94 said Lady Ashton, looking to the clergyman--\x93hear the

\x93May God forgive him,\x94 said Bide-the-Bent, \x93and enlighten his

\x93Hear what I have sacrificed for you,\x94 said Ravenswood, still addressing
Lucy, \x93ere you sanction what has been done in your name. The honour of
an ancient family, the urgent advice of my best friends, have been in
vain used to sway my resolution; neither the arguments of reason nor
the portents of superstition have shaken my fidelity. The very dead have
arisen to warn me, and their warning has been despised. Are you prepared
to pierce my heart for its fidelity with the very weapon which my rash
confidence entrusted to your grasp?\x94

\x93Master of Ravenswood,\x94 said Lady Ashton, \x93you have asked what questions
you thought fit. You see the total incapacity of my daughter to answer
you. But I will reply for her, and in a manner which you cannot dispute.
You desire to know whether Lucy Ashton, of her own free will, desires
to annul the engagement into which she has been trepanned. You have her
letter under her own hand, demanding the surrender of it; and, in yet
more full evidence of her purpose, here is the contract which she has
this morning subscribed, in presence of this reverence gentleman, with
Mr. Hayston of Bucklaw.\x94

Ravenswood gazed upon the deed as if petrified. \x93And it was without
fraud or compulsion,\x94 said he, looking towards the clergyman, \x93that Miss
Ashton subscribed this parchment?\x94

\x93I couch it upon my sacred character.\x94

\x93This is indeed, madam, an undeniable piece of evidence,\x94 said
Ravenswood, sternly; \x93and it will be equally unnecessary and
dishonourable to waste another word in useless remonstrance or reproach.
There, madam,\x94 he said, laying down before Lucy the signed paper and the
broken piece of gold--\x93there are the evidences of your first engagement;
may you be more faithful to that which you have just formed. I will
trouble you to return the corresponding tokens of my ill-placed
confidence; I ought rather to say, of my egregious folly.\x94

Lucy returned the scornful glance of her lover with a gaze from which
perception seemed to have been banished; yet she seemed partly to have
understood his meaning, for she raised her hands as if to undo a blue
ribbon which she wore around her neck. She was unable to accomplish her
purpose, but Lady Ashton cut the ribbon asunder, and detached the broken
piece of gold, which Miss Ashton had till then worn concealed in her
bosom; the written counterpart of the lovers\x92 engagement she for
some time had had in her own possession. With a haughty courtesy, she
delivered both to Ravenswood, who was much softened when he took the
piece of gold.

\x93And she could wear it thus,\x94 he said, speaking to himself--\x93could wear
it in her very bosom--could wear it next to her heart--even when---- But
complain avails not,\x94 he said, dashing from his eye the tear which
had gathered in it, and resuming the stern composure of his manner. He
strode to the chimney, and threw into the fire the paper and piece of
gold, stamping upon the coals with the heel of his boot, as if to ensure
their destruction. \x93I will be no longer,\x94 he then said, \x93an intruder
here. Your evil wishes, and your worse offices, Lady Ashton, I will
only return by hoping these will be your last machinations against your
daughter\x92s honour and happiness. And to you, madam,\x94 he said, addressing
Lucy, \x93I have nothing farther to say, except to pray to God that you
may not become a world\x92s wonder for this act of wilful and deliberate
perjury.\x94 Having uttered these words, he turned on his heel and left the

Sir William Ashton, by entreaty and authority, had detained his son and
Bucklaw in a distant part of the castle, in order to prevent their
again meeting with Ravenswood; but as the Master descended the great
staircase, Lockhard delivered him a billet, signed \x93Sholto Douglas
Ashton,\x94 requesting to know where the Master of Ravenswood would be
heard of four or five days from hence, as the writer had business of
weight to settle with him, so soon as an important family event had
taken place.

\x93Tell Colonel Ashton,\x94 said Ravenswood, composedly, \x93I shall be found at
Wolf\x92s Crag when his leisure serves him.\x94

As he descended the outward stair which led from the terrace, he was
a second time interrupted by Craigengelt, who, on the part of his
principal, the Laird of Bucklaw, expressed a hope that Ravenswood would
not leave Scotland within ten days at least, as he had both former and
recent civilities for which to express his gratitude.

\x93Tell your master,\x94 said Ravenswood, fiercely, \x93to choose his own time.
He will find me at Wolf\x92s Crag, if his purpose is not forestalled.\x94

\x93MY master!\x94 replied Craigengelt, encouraged by seeing Colonel Ashton
and Bucklaw at the bottom of the terrace. \x93Give me leave to say I know
of no such person upon earth, nor will I permit such language to be used
to me!\x94

\x93Seek your master, then, in hell!\x94 exclaimed Ravenswood, giving way to
the passion he had hitherto restrained, and throwing Craigengelt from
him with such violence that he rolled down the steps and lay senseless
at the foot of them. \x93I am a fool,\x94 he instantly added, \x93to vent my
passion upon a caitiff so worthless.\x94

He then mounted his horse, which at his arrival he had secured to a
balustrade in front of the castle, rode very slowly past Bucklaw and
Colonel Ashton, raising his hat as he passed each, and looking in their
faces steadily while he offered this mute salutation, which was returned
by both with the same stern gravity. Ravenswood walked on with equal
deliberation until he reached the head of the avenue, as if to show
that he rather courted than avoided interruption. When he had passed the
upper gate, he turned his horse, and looked at the castle with a fixed
eye; then set spurs to his good steed, and departed with the speed of a
demon dismissed by the exorcist.


     Who comes from the bridal chamber?
     It is Azrael, the angel of death.


AFTER the dreadful scene that had taken place at the castle, Lucy was
transported to her own chamber, where she remained for some time in a
state of absolute stupor. Yet afterwards, in the course of the
ensuing day, she seemed to have recovered, not merely her spirits
and resolution, but a sort of flighty levity, that was foreign to her
character and situation, and which was at times chequered by fits of
deep silence and melancholy and of capricious pettishness. Lady Ashton
became much alarmed and consulted the family physicians. But as her
pulse indicated no change, they could only say that the disease was on
the spirits, and recommended gentle exercise and amusement. Miss Ashton
never alluded to what had passed in the state-room. It seemed doubtful
even if she was conscious of it, for she was often observed to raise
her hands to her neck, as if in search of the ribbon that had been taken
from it, and mutter, in surprise and discontent, when she could not find
it, \x93It was the link that bound me to life.\x94

Notwithstanding all these remarkable symptoms, Lady Ashton was too
deeply pledged to delay her daughter\x92s marriage even in her present
state of health. It cost her much trouble to keep up the fair side of
appearances towards Bucklaw. She was well aware, that if he once saw any
reluctance on her daughter\x92s part, he would break off the treaty, to her
great personal shame and dishonour. She therefore resolved that, if Lucy
continued passive, the marriage should take place upon the day that had
been previously fixed, trusting that a change of place, of situation,
and of character would operate a more speedy and effectual cure upon
the unsettled spirits of her daughter than could be attained by the slow
measures which the medical men recommended. Sir William Ashton\x92s views
of family aggrandisement, and his desire to strengthen himself against
the measures of the Marquis of A----, readily induced him to acquiesce
in what he could not have perhaps resisted if willing to do so. As for
the young men, Bucklaw and Colonel Ashton, they protested that, after
what had happened, it would be most dishonourable to postpone for
a single hour the time appointed for the marriage, as it would be
generally ascribed to their being intimidated by the intrusive visit and
threats of Ravenswood.

Bucklaw would indeed have been incapable of such precipitation, had he
been aware of the state of Miss Ashton\x92s health, or rather of her mind.
But custom, upon these occasions, permitted only brief and sparing
intercourse between the bridegroom and the betrothed; a circumstance so
well improved by Lady Ashton, that Bucklaw neither saw nor suspected the
real state of the health and feelings of his unhappy bride.

On the eve of the bridal day, Lucy appeared to have one of her fits
of levity, and surveyed with a degree of girlish interest the various
preparations of dress, etc., etc., which the different members of the
family had prepared for the occasion.

The morning dawned bright and cheerily. The bridal guests assembled
in gallant troops from distant quarters. Not only the relations of Sir
William Ashton, and the still more dignified connexions of his lady,
together with the numerous kinsmen and allies of the bridegroom, were
present upon this joyful ceremony, gallantly mounted, arrayed, and
caparisoned, but almost every Presbyterian family of distinction within
fifty miles made a point of attendance upon an occasion which was
considered as giving a sort of triumph over the Marquis of A----, in the
person of his kinsman. Splendid refreshments awaited the guests on their
arrival, and after these were finished, the cry was \x93To horse.\x94 The
bride was led forth betwixt her brother Henry and her mother. Her
gaiety of the preceding day had given rise [place] to a deep shade of
melancholy, which, however, did not misbecome an occasion so momentous.
There was a light in her eyes and a colour in her cheek which had not
been kindled for many a day, and which, joined to her great beauty, and
the splendour of her dress, occasioned her entrance to be greeted with
an universal murmur of applause, in which even the ladies could not
refrain from joining. While the cavalcade were getting to horse, Sir
William Ashton, a man of peace and of form, censured his son Henry for
having begirt himself with a military sword of preposterous length,
belonging to his brother, Colonel Ashton.

\x93If you must have a weapon,\x94 he said, \x93upon such a peaceful occasion,
why did you not use the short poniard sent from Edinburgh on purpose?\x94

The boy vindicated himself by saying it was lost.

\x93You put it out of the way yourself, I suppose,\x94 said his father, \x93out
of ambition to wear that preposterous thing, which might have served Sir
William Wallace. But never mind, get to horse now, and take care of your

The boy did so, and was placed in the centre of the gallant train. At
the time, he was too full of his own appearance, his sword, his laced
cloak, his feathered hat, and his managed horse, to pay much regard to
anything else; but he afterwards remembered to the hour of his death,
that when the hand of his sister, by which she supported herself on
the pillion behind him, touched his own, it felt as wet and cold as
sepulchral marble.

Glancing wide over hill and dale, the fair bridal procession at last
reached the parish church, which they nearly filled; for, besides
domestics, above a hundred gentlemen and ladies were present upon the
occasion. The marriage ceremony was performed according to the rites
of the Presbyterian persuasion, to which Bucklaw of late had judged it
proper to conform.

On the outside of the church, a liberal dole was distributed to the poor
of the neighbouring parishes, under the direction of Johnie Mortheuch
[Mortsheugh], who had lately been promoted from his desolate quarters
at the Hermitage to fill the more eligible situation of sexton at
the parish church of Ravenswood. Dame Gourlay, with two of her
contemporaries, the same who assisted at Alice\x92s late-wake, seated apart
upon a flat monument, or \x93through-stane,\x94 sate enviously comparing the
shares which had been allotted to them in dividing the dole.

\x93Johnie Mortheuch,\x94 said Annie Winnie, \x93might hae minded auld lang syne,
and thought of his auld kimmers, for as braw as he is with his new black
coat. I hae gotten but five herring instead o\x92 sax, and this disna look
like a gude saxpennys, and I dare say this bit morsel o\x92 beef is an unce
lighter than ony that\x92s been dealt round; and it\x92s a bit o\x92 the tenony
hough, mair by token that yours, Maggie, is out o\x92 the back-sey.\x94

\x93Mine, quo\x92 she!\x94 mumbled the paralytic hag--\x93mine is half banes,
I trow. If grit folk gie poor bodies ony thing for coming to their
weddings and burials, it suld be something that wad do them gude, I

\x93Their gifts,\x94 said Ailsie Gourlay, \x93are dealt for nae love of us, nor
out of respect for whether we feed or starve. They wad gie us whinstanes
for loaves, if it would serve their ain vanity, and yet they expect us
to be as gratefu\x92, as they ca\x92 it, as if they served us for true love
and liking.\x94

\x93And that\x92s truly said,\x94 answered her companion.

\x93But, Aislie Gourlay, ye\x92re the auldest o\x92 us three--did ye ever see a
mair grand bridal?\x94

\x93I winna say that I have,\x94 answered the hag; \x93but I think soon to see as
braw a burial.\x94

\x93And that wad please me as weel,\x94 said Annie Winnie; \x93for there\x92s
as large a dole, and folk are no obliged to girn and laugh, and mak
murgeons, and wish joy to these hellicat quality, that lord it ower us
like brute beasts. I like to pack the dead-dole in my lap and rin ower
my auld rhyme--

     My loaf in my lap, my penny in my purse,
     Thou art ne\x92er the better, and
     I\x92m ne\x92er the worse.\x94

\x93That\x92s right, Annie,\x94 said the paralytic woman; \x93God send us a green
Yule and a fat kirkyard!\x94

\x93But I wad like to ken, Luckie Gourlay, for ye\x92re the auldest and wisest
amang us, whilk o\x92 these revellers\x92 turn it will be to be streikit

\x93D\x92ye see yon dandilly maiden,\x94 said Dame Gourlay, \x93a\x92 glistenin\x92 wi\x92
gowd and jewels, that they are lifting up on the white horse behind that
hare-brained callant in scarlet, wi\x92 the lang sword at his side?\x94

\x93But that\x92s the bride!\x94 said her companion, her cold heart touched with
some sort of compassion--\x93that\x92s the very bride hersell! Eh, whow! sae
young, sae braw, and sae bonny--and is her time sae short?\x94

\x93I tell ye,\x94 said the sibyl, \x93her winding sheet is up as high as her
throat already, believe it wha list. Her sand has but few grains to rin
out; and nae wonder--they\x92ve been weel shaken. The leaves are withering
fast on the trees, but she\x92ll never see the Martinmas wind gar them
dance in swirls like the fairy rings.\x94 \x93Ye waited on her for a
quarter,\x94 said the paralytic woman, \x93and got twa red pieces, or I am far

\x93Ay, ay,\x94 answered Ailsie, with a bitter grin; \x93and Sir William Ashton
promised me a bonny red gown to the boot o\x92 that--a stake, and a chain,
and a tar-barrel, lass! what think ye o\x92 that for a propine?--for being
up early and doun late for fourscore nights and mair wi\x92 his dwining
daughter. But he may keep it for his ain leddy, cummers.\x94

\x93I hae heard a sough,\x94 said Annie Winnie, \x93as if Leddy Ashton was nae
canny body.\x94

\x93D\x92ye see her yonder,\x94 said Dame Gourlay, \x93as she prances on her grey
gelding out at the kirkyard? There\x92s mair o\x92 utter deevilry in that
woman, as brave and fair-fashioned as she rides yonder, than in a\x92 the
Scotch withces that ever flew by moonlight ower North Berwick Law.\x94

\x93What\x92s that ye say about witches, ye damned hags?\x94 said Johnie
Mortheuch [Mortsheugh]; \x93are ye casting yer cantrips in the very
kirkyard, to mischieve the bride and bridegroom? Get awa\x92 hame, for if I
tak my souple t\x92ye, I\x92ll gar ye find the road faster than ye wad like.\x94

\x93Hegh, sirs!\x94 answered Ailsie Gourlay; \x93how bra\x92 are we wi\x92 our new
black coat and our weel-pouthered head, as if we had never kenn\x92d hunger
nor thirst oursells! and we\x92ll be screwing up our bit fiddle, doubtless,
in the ha\x92 the night, amang a\x92 the other elbo\x92-jiggers for miles round.
Let\x92s see if the pins haud, Johnie--that\x92s a\x92, lad.\x94

\x93I take ye a\x92 to witness, gude people,\x94 said Morheuch, \x93that she
threatens me wi\x92 mischief, and forespeaks me. If ony thing but gude
happens to me or my fiddle this night, I\x92ll make it the blackest night\x92s
job she ever stirred in. I\x92ll hae her before presbytery and synod: I\x92m
half a minister mysell, now that I\x92m a bedral in an inhabited parish.\x94

Although the mutual hatred betwixt these hags and the rest of mankind
had steeled their hearts against all impressions of festivity, this was
by no means the case with the multitude at large. The splendour of the
bridal retinue, the gay dresses, the spirited horses, the blythesome
appearance of the handsome women and gallant gentlemen assembled upon
the occasion, had the usual effect upon the minds of the populace.
The repeated shouts of \x93Ashton and Bucklaw for ever!\x94 the discharge of
pistols, guns, and musketoons, to give what was called the bridal shot,
evinced the interest the people took in the occasion of the cavalcade,
as they accompanied it upon their return to the castle. If there was
here and there an elder peasant or his wife who sneered at the pomp
of the upstart family, and remembered the days of the long-descended
Ravenswoods, even they, attracted by the plentiful cheer which the
castle that day afforded to rich and poor, held their way thither,
and acknowledged, notwithstanding their prejudices, the influence of
l\x92Amphitrion ou l\x92on dine.

Thus accompanied with the attendance both of rich and poor, Lucy
returned to her father\x92s house. Bucklaw used his privilege of riding
next to the bride, but, new to such a situation, rather endeavoured to
attract attention by the display of his person and horsemanship, than
by any attempt to address her in private. They reached the castle in
safety, amid a thousand joyous acclamations.

It is well known that the weddings of ancient days were celebrated
with a festive publicity rejected by the delicacy of modern times. The
marriage guests, on the present occasion, were regaled with a banquet
of unbounded profusion, the relics of which, after the domestics had
feasted in their turn, were distributed among the shouting crowd, with
as many barrels of ale as made the hilarity without correspond to that
within the castle. The gentlemen, according to the fashion of the times,
indulged, for the most part, in deep draughts of the richest wines,
while the ladies, prepared for the ball which always closed a bridal
entertainment, impatiently expected their arrival in the state gallery.
At length the social party broke up at a late hour, and the gentlemen
crowded into the saloon, where, enlivened by wine and the joyful
occasion, they laid aside their swords and handed their impatient
partners to the floor. The music already rung from the gallery, along
the fretted roof of the ancient state apartment. According to strict
etiquette, the bride ought to have opened the ball; but Lady Ashton,
making an apology on account of her daughter\x92s health, offered her own
hand to Bucklaw as substitute for her daughter\x92s. But as Lady Ashton
raised her head gracefully, expecting the strain at which she was to
begin the dance, she was so much struck by an unexpected alteration
in the ornaments of the apartment that she was surprised into an
exclamation, \x93Who has dared to change the pictures?\x94

All looked up, and those who knew the usual state of the apartment
observed, with surprise, that the picture of Sir William Ashton\x92s father
was removed from its place, and in its stead that of old Sir Malise
Ravenswood seemed to frown wrath and vengeance upon the party assembled
below. The exchange must have been made while the apartments were empty,
but had not been observed until the torches and lights in the sconces
were kindled for the ball. The haughty and heated spirits of the
gentlemen led them to demand an immediate inquiry into the cause of what
they deemed an affront to their host and to themselves; but Lady Ashton,
recovering herself, passed it over as the freak of a crazy wench who was
maintained about the castle, and whose susceptible imagination had been
observed to be much affected by the stories which Dame Gourlay delighted
to tell concerning \x93the former family,\x94 so Lady Ashton named the
Ravenswoods. The obnoxious picture was immediately removed, and the ball
was opened by Lady Ashton, with a grace and dignity which supplied the
charms of youth, and almost verified the extravagant encomiums of the
elder part of the company, who extolled her performance as far exceeding
the dancing of the rising generation.

When Lady Ashton sat down, she was not surprised to find that her
daughter had left the apartment, and she herself followed, eager to
obviate any impression which might have been made upon her nerves by an
incident so likely to affect them as the mysterious transposition of the
portraits. Apparently she found her apprehensions groundless, for she
returned in about an hour, and whispered the bridegroom, who extricated
himself from the dancers, and vanished from the apartment. The
instruments now played their loudest strains; the dancers pursued their
exercise with all the enthusiasm inspired by youth, mirth, and high
spirits, when a cry was heard so shrill and piercing as at once to
arrest the dance and the music. All stood motionless; but when the yell
was again repeated, Colonel Ashton snatched a torch from the sconce,
and demanding the key of the bridal-chamber from Henry, to whom, as
bride\x92s-man, it had been entrusted, rushed thither, followed by Sir
William Ashton and Lady Ashton, and one or two others, near relations
of the family. The bridal guests waited their return in stupified

Arrived at the door of the apartment, Colonel Ashton knocked and called,
but received no answer except stifled groans. He hesitated no longer
to open the door of the apartment, in which he found opposition from
something which lay against it. When he had succeeded in opening it, the
body of the bridegroom was found lying on the threshold of the bridal
chamber, and all around was flooded with blood. A cry of surprise and
horror was raised by all present; and the company, excited by this
new alarm, began to rush tumultuously towards the sleeping apartment.
Colonel Ashton, first whispering to his mother, \x93Search for her; she
has murdered him!\x94 drew his sword, planted himself in the passage, and
declared he would suffer no man to pass excepting the clergyman and
a medical person present. By their assistance, Bucklaw, who still
breathed, was raised from the ground, and transported to another
apartment, where his friends, full of suspicion and murmuring, assembled
round him to learn the opinion of the surgeon.

In the mean while, Lady Ashton, her husband, and their assistants in
vain sought Lucy in the bridal bed and in the chamber. There was no
private passage from the room, and they began to think that she must
have thrown herself from the window, when one of the company, holding
his torch lower than the rest, discovered something white in the corner
of the great old-fashioned chimney of the apartment. Here they found
the unfortunate girl seated, or rather couched like a hare upon its
form--her head-gear dishevelled, her night-clothes torn and dabbled with
blood, her eyes glazed, and her features convulsed into a wild paroxysm
of insanity. When she saw herself discovered, she gibbered, made mouths,
and pointed at them with her bloody fingers, with the frantic gestures
of an exulting demoniac.

Female assistance was now hastily summoned; the unhappy bride was
overpowered, not without the use of some force. As they carried her over
the threshold, she looked down, and uttered the only articulate words
that she had yet spoken, saying, with a sort of grinning exultation,
\x93So, you have ta\x92en up your bonny bridegroom?\x94 She was, by the
shuddering assistants, conveyed to another and more retired apartment,
where she was secured as her situation required, and closely watched.
The unutterable agony of the parents, the horror and confusion of all
who were in the castle, the fury of contending passions between the
friends of the different parties--passions augmented by previous
intemperance--surpass description.

The surgeon was the first who obtained something like a patient hearing;
he pronounced that the wound of Bucklaw, though severe and dangerous,
was by no means fatal, but might readily be rendered so by disturbance
and hasty removal. This silenced the numerous party of Bucklaw\x92s
friends, who had previously insisted that he should, at all rates, be
transported from the castle to the nearest of their houses. They still
demanded, however, that, in consideration of what had happened, four of
their number should remain to watch over the sick-bed of their friend,
and that a suitable number of their domestics, well armed, should also
remain in the castle. This condition being acceded to on the part of
Colonel Ashton and his father, the rest of the bridegroom\x92s friends left
the castle, notwithstanding the hour and the darkness of the night. The
cares of the medical man were next employed in behalf of Miss Ashton,
whom he pronounced to be in a very dangerous state. Farther medical
assistance was immediately summoned. All night she remained delirious.
On the morning, she fell into a state of absolute insensibility. The
next evening, the physicians said, would be the crisis of her malady. It
proved so; for although she awoke from her trance with some appearance
of calmness, and suffered her night-clothes to be changed, or put in
order, yet so soon as she put her hand to her neck, as if to search for
the for the fatal flue ribbon, a tide of recollections seemed to rush
upon her, which her mind and body were alike incapable of bearing.
Convulsion followed convulsion, till they closed in death, without her
being able to utter a word explanatory of the fatal scene.

The provincial judge of the district arrived the day after the young
lady had expired, and executed, though with all possible delicacy to
the afflicted family, the painful duty of inquiring into this fatal
transaction. But there occurred nothing to explain the general
hypothesis that the bride, in a sudden fit of insanity, had stabbed the
bridegroom at the threshold of the apartment. The fatal weapon was found
in the chamber smeared with blood. It was the same poniard which Henry
should have worn on the wedding-day, and the unhappy sister had probably
contrived to secrete on the preceding evening, when it had been shown to
her among other articles of preparation for the wedding.

The friends of Bucklaw expected that on his recovery he would throw
some light upon this dark story, and eagerly pressed him with inquiries,
which for some time he evaded under pretext of weakness. When, however,
he had been transported to his own house, and was considered in a state
of convalescence, he assembled those persons, both male and female, who
had considered themselves as entitled to press him on this subject, and
returned them thanks for the interest they had exhibited in his behalf,
and their offers of adherence and support. \x93I wish you all,\x94 he said,
\x93my friends, to understand, however, that I have neither story to tell
nor injuries to avenge. If a lady shall question me henceforward upon
the incident of that unhappy night, I shall remain silent, and in future
consider her as one who has shown herself desirous to break of her
friendship with me; in a word, I will never speak to her again. But if a
gentleman shall ask me the same question, I shall regard the incivility
as equivalent to an invitation to meet him in the Duke\x92s Walk, and I
expect that he will rule himself accordingly.\x94

A declaration so decisive admitted no commentary; and it was soon after
seen that Bucklaw had arisen from the bed of sickness a sadder and a
wiser man than he had hitherto shown himself. He dismissed Craigengelt
from his society, but not without such a provision as, if well employed,
might secure him against indigence and against temptation. Bucklaw
afterwards went abroad, and never returned to Scotland; nor was he known
ever to hint at the circumstances attending his fatal marriage. By many
readers this may be deemed overstrained, romantic, and composed by
the wild imagination of an author desirous of gratifying the popular
appetite for the horrible; but those who are read in the private family
history of Scotland during the period in which the scene is laid, will
readily discover, through the disguise of borrowed names and added
incidents, the leading particulars of AN OWER TRUE TALE.


     Whose mind\x92s so marbled, and his heart so hard,
     That would not, when this huge mishap was heard,
     To th\x92 utmost note of sorrow set their song,
     To see a gallant, with so great a grace,
     So suddenly unthought on, so o\x92erthrown,
     And so to perish, in so poor a place,
     By too rash riding in a ground unknown!

     POEM, IN NISBET\x92S Heraldry, vol. ii.

WE have anticipated the course of time to mention Bucklaw\x92s recovery and
fate, that we might not interrupt the detail of events which succeeded
the funeral of the unfortunate Lucy Ashton. This melancholy ceremony was
performed in the misty dawn of an autumnal morning, with such moderate
attendance and ceremony as could not possibly be dispensed with. A very
few of the nearest relations attended her body to the same churchyard to
which she had so lately been led as a bride, with as little free will,
perhaps, as could be now testified by her lifeless and passive remains.
An aisle adjacent to the church had been fitted up by Sir William Ashton
as a family cemetery; and here, in a coffin bearing neither name nor
date, were consigned to dust the remains of what was once lovely,
beautiful, and innocent, though exasperated to frenzy by a long tract of
unremitting persecution.

While the mourners were busy in the vault, the three village hags, who,
notwithstanding the unwonted earliness of the hour, had snuffed the
carrion like vultures, were seated on the \x93through-stane,\x94 and engaged
in their wonted unhallowed conference.

\x93Did not I say,\x94 said Dame Gourlay, \x93that the braw bridal would be
followed by as braw a funeral?\x94

\x93I think,\x94 answered Dame Winnie, \x93there\x92s little bravery at it: neither
meat nor drink, and just a wheen silver tippences to the poor folk; it
was little worth while to come sae far a road for sae sma\x92 profit, and
us sae frail.\x94

\x93Out, wretch!\x94 replied Dame Gourlay, \x93can a\x92 the dainties they could gie
us be half sae sweet as this hour\x92s vengeance? There they are that
were capering on their prancing nags four days since, and they are now
ganging as dreigh and sober as oursells the day. They were a\x92 glistening
wi\x92 gowd and silver; they\x92re now as black as the crook. And Miss Lucy
Ashton, that grudged when an honest woman came near her--a taid may sit
on her coffin that day, and she can never scunner when he croaks. And
Lady Ashton has hell-fire burning in her breast by this time; and Sir
William, wi\x92 his gibbets, and his faggots, and his chains, how likes he
the witcheries of his ain dwelling-house?\x94

\x93And is it true, then,\x94 mumbled the paralytic wretch, \x93that the bride
was trailed out of her bed and up the chimly by evil spirits, and that
the bridegroom\x92s face was wrung round ahint him?\x94

\x93Ye needna care wha did it, or how it was done,\x94 said Aislie Gourlay;
\x93but I\x92ll uphaud it for nae stickit job, and that the lairds and leddies
ken weel this day.\x94

\x93And was it true,\x94 said Annie Winnie, \x93sin ye ken sae muckle about it,
that the picture of auld Sir Malise Ravenswood came down on the ha\x92
floor, and led out the brawl before them a\x92?\x94

\x93Na,\x94 said Ailsie; \x93but into the ha\x92 came the picture--and I ken weel
how it came there--to gie them a warning that pride wad get a fa\x92. But
there\x92s as queer a ploy, cummers, as ony o\x92 thae, that\x92s gaun on even
now in the burial vault yonder: ye saw twall mourners, wi\x92 crape and
cloak, gang down the steps pair and pair!\x94

\x93What should ail us to see them?\x94 said the one old woman.

\x93I counted them,\x94 said the other, with the eagerness of a person to
whom the spectacle had afforded too much interest to be viewed with

\x93But ye did not see,\x94 said Ailsie, exulting in her superior observation,
\x93that there\x92s a thirteenth amang them that they ken naething about; and,
if auld freits say true, there\x92s ane o\x92 that company that\x92ll no be lang
for this warld. But come awa\x92 cummers; if we bide here, I\x92se warrant we
get the wyte o\x92 whatever ill comes of it, and that gude will come of it
nane o\x92 them need ever think to see.\x94

And thus, croaking like the ravens when they anticipate pestilence, the
ill-boding sibyls withdrew from the churchyard.

In fact, the mourners, when the service of interment was ended,
discovered that there was among them one more than the invited number,
and the remark was communicated in whispers to each other. The suspicion
fell upon a figure which, muffled in the same deep mourning with the
others, was reclined, almost in a state of insensibility, against one of
the pillars of the sepulchral vault. The relatives of the Ashton family
were expressing in whispers their surprise and displeasure at the
intrusion, when they were interrupted by Colonel Ashton, who, in his
father\x92s absence, acted as principal mourner. \x93I know,\x94 he said in a
whisper, \x93who this person is, he has, or shall soon have, as deep cause
of mourning as ourselves; leave me to deal with him, and do not disturb
the ceremony by unnecessary exposure.\x94 So saying, he separated himself
from the group of his relations, and taking the unknown mourner by the
cloak, he said to him, in a tone of suppressed emotion, \x93Follow me.\x94

The stranger, as if starting from a trance at the sound of his voice,
mechanically obeyed, and they ascended the broken ruinous stair which
led from the sepulchre into the churchyard. The other mourners followed,
but remained grouped together at the door of the vault, watching with
anxiety the motions of Colonel Ashton and the stranger, who now appeared
to be in close conference beneath the shade of a yew-tree, in the most
remote part of the burial-ground.

To this sequestered spot Colonel Ashton had guided the stranger, and
then turning round, addressed him in a stern and composed tone.--\x93I
cannot doubt that I speak to the Master of Ravenswood?\x94 No answer was
returned. \x93I cannot doubt,\x94 resumed the Colonel, trembling with rising
passion, \x93that I speak to the murderer of my sister!\x94

\x93You have named me but too truly,\x94 said Ravenswood, in a hollow and
tremulous voice.

\x93If you repent what you have done,\x94 said the Colonel, \x93may your
penitence avail you before God; with me it shall serve you nothing.
Here,\x94 he said, giving a paper, \x93is the measure of my sword, and a
memorandum of the time and place of meeting. Sunrise to-morrow morning,
on the links to the east of Wolf\x92s Hope.\x94

The Master of Ravenswood held the paper in his hand, and seemed
irresolute. At length he spoke--\x93Do not,\x94 he said, \x93urge to farther
desperation a wretch who is already desperate. Enjoy your life while you
can, and let me seek my death from another.\x94

\x93That you never, never shall!\x94 said Douglas Ashton. \x93You shall die by my
hand, or you shall complete the ruin of my family by taking my life. If
you refuse my open challenge, there is no advantage I will not take of
you, no indignity with which I will not load you, until the very name of
Ravenswood shall be the sign of everything that is dishonourable, as it
is already of all that is villainous.\x94

\x93That it shall never be,\x94 said Ravenswood, fiercely; \x93if I am the last
who must bear it, I owe it to those who once owned it that the name
shall be extinguished without infamy. I accept your challenge, time, and
place of meeting. We meet, I presume, alone?\x94

\x93Alone we meet,\x94 said Colonel Ashton, \x93and alone will the survivor of us
return from that place of rendezvous.\x94

\x93Then God have mercy on the soul of him who falls!\x94 said Ravenswood.

\x93So be it!\x94 said Colonel Ashton; \x93so far can my charity reach even for
the man I hate most deadly, and with the deepest reason. Now, break off,
for we shall be interrupted. The links by the sea-shore to the east of
Wolf\x92s Hope; the hour, sunrise; our swords our only weapons.\x94

\x93Enough,\x94 said the Master, \x93I will not fail you.\x94

They separated; Colonel Ashton joining the rest of the mourners, and the
Master of Ravenswood taking his horse, which was tied to a tree behind
the church. Colonel Ashton returned to the castle with the funeral
guests, but found a pretext for detaching himself from them in the
evening, when, changing his dress to a riding-habit, he rode to Wolf\x92s
Hope, that night, and took up his abode in the little inn, in order that
he might be ready for his rendezvous in the morning.

It is not known how the Master of Ravenswood disposed of the rest of
that unhappy day. Late at night, however, he arrived at Wolf\x92s Crag, and
aroused his old domestic, Caleb Balderstone, who had ceased to expect
his return. Confused and flying rumours of the late tragical death of
Miss Ashton, and of its mysterious cause, had already reached the old
man, who was filled with the utmost anxiety, on account of the probable
effect these events might produce upon the mind of his master.

The conduct of Ravenswood did not alleviate his apprehensions. To the
butler\x92s trembling entreaties that he would take some refreshment, he at
first returned no answer, and then suddenly and fiercely demanding wine,
he drank, contrary to his habits, a very large draught. Seeing that his
master would eat nothing, the old man affectionately entreated that
he would permit him to light him to his chamber. It was not until the
request was three or four times repeated that Ravenswood made a mute
sign of compliance. But when Balderstone conducted him to an apartment
which had been comfortably fitted up, and which, since his return, he
had usually occupied, Ravenswood stopped short on the threshold.

\x93Not here,\x94 said he, sternly; \x93show me the room in which my father died;
the room in which SHE slept the night the were at the castle.\x94

\x93Who, sir?\x94 said Caleb, too terrified to preserve his presence of mind.

\x93SHE, Lucy Ashton! Would you kill me, old man, by forcing me to repeat
her name?\x94

Caleb would have said something of the disrepair of the chamber, but was
silenced by the irritable impatience which was expressed in his master\x92s
countenance; he lighted the way trembling and in silence, placed the
lamp on the table of the deserted room, and was about to attempt some
arrangement of the bed, when his master bid him begone in a tone that
admitted of no delay. The old man retired, not to rest, but to prayer;
and from time to time crept to the door of the apartment, in order to
find out whether Ravenswood had gone to repose. His measured heavy step
upon the floor was only interrupted by deep groans; and the repeated
stamps of the heel of his heavy boot intimated too clearly that the
wretched inmate was abandoning himself at such moments to paroxysms of
uncontrolled agony. The old man thought that the morning, for which he
longed, would never have dawned; but time, whose course rolls on with
equal current, however it may seem more rapid or more slow to mortal
apprehension, brought the dawn at last, and spread a ruddy light on the
broad verge of the glistening ocean. It was early in November, and the
weather was serene for the season of the year. But an easterly wind had
prevailed during the night, and the advancing tide rolled nearer than
usual to the foot of the crags on which the castle was founded.

With the first peep of light, Caleb Balderstone again resorted to the
door of Ravenswood\x92s sleeping apartment, through a chink of which he
observed him engaged in measuring the length of two or three swords
which lay in a closet adjoining to the apartment. He muttered to
himself, as he selected one of these weapons: \x93It is shorter: let him
have this advantage, as he has every other.\x94

Caleb Balderstone knew too well, from what he witnessed, upon what
enterprise his master was bound, and how vain all interference on his
part must necessarily prove. He had but time to retreat from the
door, so nearly was he surprised by his master suddenly coming out and
descending to the stables. The faithful domestic followed; and from the
dishevelled appearance of his master\x92s dress, and his ghastly looks, was
confirmed in his conjecture that he had passed the night without sleep
or repose. He found him busily engaged in saddling his horse, a service
from which Caleb, though with faltering voice and trembling hands,
offered to relieve him. Ravenswood rejected his assistance by a mute
sign, and having led the animal into the court, was just about to mount
him, when the old domestic\x92s fear giving way to the strong attachment
which was the principal passion of his mind, he flung himself suddenly
at Ravenswood\x92s feet, and clasped his knees, while he exclaimed: \x93Oh,
sir! oh, master! kill me if you will, but do not go out on this dreadful
errand! Oh! my dear master, wait but this day; the Marquis of A----
comes to-morrow, and a\x92 will be remedied.\x94

\x93You have no longer a master, Caleb,\x94 said Ravenswood, endeavouring to
extricate himself; \x93why, old man, would you cling to a falling tower?\x94

\x93But I HAVE a master,\x94 cried Caleb, still holding him fast, \x93while the
heir of Ravenswood breathes. I am but a servant; but I was born your
father\x92s--your grandfather\x92s servant. I was born for the family--I have
lived for them--I would die for them! Stay but at home, and all will be

\x93Well, fool! well!\x94 said Ravenswood. \x93Vain old man, nothing hereafter in
life will be well with me, and happiest is the hour that shall soonest
close it!\x94

So saying, he extricated himself from the old man\x92s hold, threw himself
on his horse, and rode out the gate; but instantly turning back, he
threw towards Caleb, who hastened to meet him, a heavy purse of gold.

\x93Caleb!\x94 he said, with a ghastly smile, \x93I make you my executor\x94; and
again turning his bridle, he resumed his course down the hill.

The gold fell unheeded on the pavement, for the old man ran to observe
the course which was taken by his master, who turned to the left down a
small and broken path, which gained the sea-shore through a cleft in the
rock, and led to a sort of cove where, in former times, the boats of
the castle were wont to be moored. Observing him take this course, Caleb
hastened to the eastern battlement, which commanded the prospect of the
whole sands, very near as far as the village of Wolf\x92s Hope. He could
easily see his master riding in that direction, as fast as the horse
could carry him. The prophecy at once rushed on Balderstone\x92s mind, that
the Lord of Ravenswood should perish on the Kelpie\x92s flow, which
lay half-way betwixt the Tower and the links, or sand knolls, to the
northward of Wolf\x92s Hope. He saw him according reach the fatal spot; but
he never saw him pass further.

Colonel Ashton, frantic for revenge, was already in the field, pacing
the turf with eagerness, and looking with impatience towards the Tower
for the arrival of his antagonist. The sun had now risen, and showed its
broad disk above the eastern sea, so that he could easily discern the
horseman who rode towards him with speed which argued impatience equal
to his own. At once the figure became invisible, as if it had melted
into the air. He rubbed his eyes, as if he had witnessed an apparition,
and then hastened to the spot, near which he was met by Balderstone,
who came from the opposite direction. No trace whatever of horse or rider
could be discerned; it only appeared that the late winds and high tides
had greatly extended the usual bounds of the quicksand, and that
the unfortunate horseman, as appeared from the hoof-tracks, in his
precipitate haste, had not attended to keep on the firm sands on the
foot of the rock, but had taken the shortest and most dangerous course.
One only vestige of his fate appeared. A large sable feather had been
detached from his hat, and the rippling waves of the rising tide wafted
it to Caleb\x92s feet. The old man took it up, dried it, and placed it in
his bosom.

The inhabitants of Wolf\x92s Hope were now alarmed, and crowded to the
place, some on shore, and some in boats, but their search availed
nothing. The tenacious depths of the quicksand, as is usual in such
cases, retained its prey.

Our tale draws to a conclusion. The Marquis of A----, alarmed at the
frightful reports that were current, and anxious for his kinsman\x92s
safety, arrived on the subsequent day to mourn his loss; and, after
renewing in vain a search for the body, returned, to forget what had
happened amid the bustle of politics and state affairs.

Not so Caleb Balderstone. If wordly profit could have consoled the old
man, his age was better provided for than his earlier years had ever
been; but life had lost to him its salt and its savour. His whole course
of ideas, his feelings, whether of pride or of apprehension, of pleasure
or of pain, had all arisen from its close connexion with the family
which was now extinguished. He held up his head no longer, forsook all
his usual haunts and occupations, and seemed only to find pleasure in
moping about those apartments in the old castle which the Master of
Ravenswood had last inhabited. He ate without refreshment, and slumbered
without repose; and, with a fidelity sometimes displayed by the canine
race, but seldom by human beings, he pined and died within a year after
the catastrophe which we have narrated.

The family of Ashton did not long survive that of Ravenswood. Sir
William Ashton outlived his eldest son, the Colonel, who was slain in a
duel in Flanders; and Henry, by whom he was succeeded, died unmarried.
Lady Ashton lived to the verge of extreme old age, the only survivor
of the group of unhappy persons whose misfortunes were owing to her
implacability. That she might internally feel compunction, and reconcile
herself with Heaven, whom she had offended, we will not, and we dare
not, deny; but to those around her she did not evince the slightest
symptom either of repentance or remorse. In all external appearance she
bore the same bold, haughty, unbending character which she had displayed
before these unhappy events. A splendid marble monument records her
name, titles, and virtues, while her victims remain undistinguished by
tomb or epitath.

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