By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: Landseer's Dogs and Their Stories
Author: Tytler, Sarah
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Landseer's Dogs and Their Stories" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

of the Digital Library@Villanova University

Landseer’s Dogs and their Stories


    Landseer’s Dogs
    and their Stories

    Sarah Tytler

    Author of
    “Childhood a hundred years Ago.”

    Chronographs of Paintings
    Sir Edwin Landseer.

    Marcus Ward & Co.      London &



    YEARS AGO,” &C., &C.

    With Six Chromographs






    CHAP.                                             PAGE

    INTRODUCTORY                                         7

      I.—“LOW LIFE”               (_Chromograph_)       13

     II.—“HIGH LIFE”                  _ditto_           40

    III.—“SUSPENSE”                   _ditto_           66

     IV.—“THE HUMBLE FRIEND”          _ditto_           88

      V.—“THE CAVALIER’S PETS”        _ditto_           95

     VI.—“DIGNITY AND IMPUDENCE”      _ditto_          115

    VII.—MY EARLY FRIENDS                              131






A PORTION of Sir Edwin Landseer’s strength and of his weakness lay in
the human element which he introduced into his pictures of animals.
Each of his pictures tells a story—not only of animal characteristics,
but of those characteristics as they approach most closely to men’s
qualities, and as they are blended most inseparably with men’s lives.

The dog is the humble friend of man, and man has been called the god of
the dog; a sorry god at the best—often a perverse and cruel divinity.
In very many of Landseer’s pictures it is impossible to dissolve the
relationship. You cannot look at the animal without thinking of the
absent master and mistress. The hero or the heroine of the scene is
strongly influenced by the man or the woman in the background. It is a
little drama of blended human and animal life, as well as the spirited
and faithful likeness of an animal which you gaze upon.

A good deal of what is unique in Landseer belongs to this peculiarity,
and much of his great popularity is due to it. Men are charmed not only
by contemplating the representations of their four-footed favourites,
but by having a genius to interpret to them the beautiful and gracious
ties which bind together God’s higher and humbler creatures. After all,
God put man at the head of His creatures in this world, and perhaps man
is not so far wrong as he has sometimes been said to show himself, in
seeing in the lower animals a reflection of his own hopes, aims, and

The selfish and sympathetic instincts are strong in us; and neither
grown man nor child will, unless in very exceptional cases, feel either
long or deep concern in a kingdom from which he himself is banished.
Our familiarity, our fellow-feeling, is to a large extent the measure
of our interest in any subject. If we cannot put ourselves in the place
of our neighbour, let him have two feet or four, we will not continue
long to care for him; and, _vice versa_, if we have not imagination
enough to endow our neighbour with some of our own attributes, so that
he may stand, in a way, in our place, our regard for him will be but
partial and fleeting.

People speak of the charm in unlikeness and the attraction in reverses;
but there must be a more profound underlying harmony for such a charm
and attraction to exist. The fact is, we can only appreciate what we
understand in a degree at least, and there is no understanding without
some points of union. If I may venture reverently to employ such an
analogy, though man was made in the image of his Maker, when he had
done all he could to deface that image, he became so incapable of
having God in all his thoughts, that God, in His divine mercy, had
compassion upon man’s miserable incapacity, and, taking upon Him the
form of a man, restored the lost link in the chain which binds the
whole universe to the throne of God.

Children have no difficulty in mentally putting themselves in the place
of animals, or in putting animals in their place. Some of my readers
may be inclined to say this is because the child is itself a little
animal, with its higher faculties undeveloped; but none will refuse
to admit that the moral and intellectual faculties are there, however
much in abeyance. For my part, I believe that it is rather from the
essential gifts of a child, its immense power of believing beyond what
it sees, its ready sympathy and boundless trust, than from its defects
of ignorance, that it has the happy capacity of identifying itself with
its pets, and even its toys, either by transferring to them its own
possessions, or by appropriating their experience. Curious instances of
such application occur to me. A little child was heard gravely rebuking
her dog. “If you are so naughty, Floss, your Uncle Tom and your Aunt
Anne” (bestowing in all simplicity of heart her own relations on the
dog) “will be vexed; you know they will.”

The second instance is given by an accomplished writer in a recent
story, but I am persuaded it is from real life. I quote from memory.

“Why are you crying, Emily? What is the matter?” a mother asked her
little daughter in tears.

“Oh, mamma! I am not Emily just now,” the child explained through her
sobs; “I am the parrot the cat has been after, and I cannot get over
the loss of my best tail feathers.”

A little child lisping its evening prayers startled its human hearers
by adding an impromptu petition:—“God bless Ducky-daidles;” referring
to an ugly little wooden duck which the child had received into the
inmost circle of its affections.

It is a well-known fact that there is sometimes developed in men and
women from childhood an extraordinary relation to animals, a capability
of communicating with them, and exerting influence over them which
does not commonly exist. With this abnormal alliance is doubtless
connected the old myth of Orpheus gathering a brute audience to listen
to the music of his lyre, and the more modern stories of bird and
snake charmers and horse-tamers. I imagine this is only an extreme and
abiding manifestation of an ordinary characteristic of childhood; and
I believe it to be the inheritance, more or less, of all great animal

But Sir Edwin Landseer possessed his animals in another sense from that
in which the expression is used of other eminent animal painters, and
especially with regard to the animal painters of the French and Belgian
schools. He possessed them not merely as an artist, but as a man—I had
almost said a brother—certainly in the light in which Robert Burns
employed, with perfect manly tenderness, the term “fellow-mortal” to
the field-mouse whose nest his ploughshare had turned up; and in the
meaning which Sir Walter Scott intended to convey, when, on the day of
the death of his dog, he wrote an apology to a host who expected Sir
Walter’s company at dinner, on the plea of “the loss of an old friend.”
Sir Edwin Landseer possessed animals—not simply in an accurate
knowledge of their bodily traits, their hoofs, horns, and tails, the
red fire or the luminous brown discs of their eyes, the symmetry of
their loins, the glassy texture of their coats, or the soft sheen of
their feathers—but in the chivalrous insight into those instincts in
animals which in their sagacity and devotion sometimes put to shame the
boasted wisdom and constancy of man.

I cannot help thinking that the wide-spread popularity of Sir Edwin
Landseer in England is not only a credit to that manliness of national
character which expresses itself in a love of out-of-door sports, and
of the animals which share in these sports, but is also honourable as
an evidence of the kindly satisfaction with which a matter of fact and
plain-spoken race recognise in their four-footed allies attributes
which constitute them far more than useful dependants—privileged and
cherished comrades.

I should like to say a word on the other side of the question—I
mean with regard to the sense in which Sir Edwin Landseer’s lively
interpretation of the characters of animals—dogs in particular—has been
an element of weakness in his power.

It has been alleged by those critics least affected by his second sight
into the motives of animals, and most enamoured of the painters of
brutes in their entirety—brutes as apart from men, while each specimen
is distinct and individual in itself, and while it has a relation
to the nature, if not the human nature, around it—that Sir Edwin
sacrificed truth to sentiment till it became fantastic, and that in the
pursuit he lost, not any grain of his popularity among his multitude of
admirers, but something of his technical skill. It would be presumption
in me to defend Sir Edwin; neither, in truth, am I inclined to write
that he was never guilty of an exaggeration or fantasticalness—that he
never failed in effect. But I am quite clear in the statement that it
was the truth of his interpretation—not subtle, but transparent—of the
dumb speech of animals which caused it to be accepted with unqualified
delight by their masters, high and low; and that nothing short of the
most exquisite perception of propriety on Sir Edwin’s part could have
enabled him to give innumerable versions of the inner life of animals,
with so little of the exaggeration and fantasticalness which would have
easily become repugnant to the common sense of Englishmen.

The great English animal painter was a marvellous poet in his own
department, and it ought to be simply a source of thankfulness to us
that he painted poetry which those who run can read.

Yet I am about to attempt to tell again the stories which some of his
animals tell me, since it may well be they have other tales for other
admirers, and that, therefore, my experience may not be quite uncalled
for and too much. But if in any respect I cumber with words or mar by
false rendering the suggestive text which I am seeking to illustrate
lovingly, I can only hope that my blunder may be forgiven.






I DARE not say that the bull-terrier, my hero, was pure bred. I
am strongly disposed to think that he was mongrel—of the hardy,
self-reliant, incorrigible type which some mongrel races assume, until
their very mongrelness, like their ugliness, becomes almost respectable
by its manly independence and stoical indifference.

He was not by any means a dog of fine feelings, though no doubt he
had his weak side, which had nothing to do with the question of his
personal appearance. He was a democrat to the backbone, with so little
pretension to be what he was not, that if it had not been for a
large stock of coarse stolidity, and of self-confidence amounting to
impudence, a total incapacity to comprehend a higher range of character
than he himself possessed, and a certain scurrilous tongue of his own,
he would have been, in his unvarnished low life, still tolerably free
from vulgarity.

If you will examine him narrowly, you will find clear indications of
the qualities I have referred to in his general aspect. I do not say
anything of the shortness of his ears, as I suspect they have been
cropped, and he is certainly not accountable for an operation performed
against his will. But remark and admire his small piggish eyes, the
broad brevity of his nose, and the equal brevity of his tail, the width
of his jowl, the thickness of his neck—even in his clumsy conformation,
and the peculiar dogmatic obstinacy with which his substantial paws
are turned inwards. I am afraid I cannot call him anything except a
plain-looking dog, with no nonsense about him.

But he is not destitute of solid advantages, on which he justly piques
himself, in that big body scarred with the traces of many a combat in
which he has come off the victor.

He may be little to boast of where speed, agility, keenness of scent,
quickness and sureness of sight, discipline, docility, and splendid
sagacity are desired, but he has always his vigour and endurance to
fall back upon, and they are a tower of strength in themselves.

That bullet-head and those close-shut jaws can thrust like a
battering-ram and grip like a vice. His capacious chest and hind
quarters, and his posts of legs, offer a great field of resistance, and
are as hard to uproot as a stout young sapling. His hide is well-nigh
as thick as that of a rhinoceros, and can stand a perfect hail-storm
of blows without flinching. Many a rival dog he has throttled, many a
man and boy he has threatened successfully to “pin.” His scowl and his
growl are enough to repel all, save the boldest and most dauntless of

If he is not a dog of brilliant parts, he knows a thing or two where
self-preservation is concerned. He is perfectly capable of looking
after number one—the only number which he feels himself called upon to
reckon; in fact, poor fellow, he has been accustomed to that reckoning,
and to dwelling upon it with dull, degrading reiteration from his
earliest years.

If you could ask himself, he would tell you decidedly that he has no
relations, and he would imply with an inarticulate murmur, between a
grunt and a growl, that the question is one of perfect indifference to
him; he does not mind the privation in the least—he is sufficient for

    “He cares for nobody, no, not he,
        If nobody cares for him.”

For that matter, ancestors, contemporaries, descendants would have been
a considerable incumbrance to him in his circumstances, which he will
not hesitate to admit have been for the most part precarious, and in
what has usually been his hand-to-mouth mode of picking up a living.

Not that he is a dog of no calling, or that he merely works on the job
principle. You may notice that he has a collar round his neck, and is
therefore of sufficient consequence to own a master. Indeed, he has
nothing of the shirking, hang-dog air, alternating with the savage
expression of the dog-tramp or pauper. His very heavy assurance and
thorough mastery of the situation altogether contradict his belonging
to that grade.

He may be low—one of the rudest and surliest of working dogs, but he is
still a working dog, a trusty watch in the absence of his master from
his place of work, a ratter of some renown. He is, to do him justice,
removed from the deepest gulf into which dogs and men can sink.

But he is in error on that point of his relations without knowing it;
for his truth and honesty, unless under overwhelming temptations, are
among his best claims on our regard. Dog of the people as he is, he is
not without distinguished kindred. We need not mention his unfortunate
great-grand-uncle, who was the avenging shadow over the garret roofs of
a certain ruffianly Bill Sykes, and who met the fate which is generally
the portion of avenging shadows. He has other claims to a much more
distant connection, certainly, but as they are to carry him into the
upper regions of society, let them be counted. He has an ancestor in
a dog named Trump, who was altogether in a superior position in life,
and on his death received the honour of having a monument erected to
his memory in the garden of the house at Chiswick which belonged to
his attached master, the great painter. Our friend had also a canny
Scotch cousin, who bore a part in a famous dialogue delivered in the
district of Kyle, in the county of Ayr, and preserved and handed down
to posterity.

It is time that we recorded our hero’s name, and began to give some
particulars of his not uneventful plebeian history. I dare say my
readers conjecture that his name was plebeian too, like all the rest
about him—that it was “Jim,” or “Ned,” or “Crab,” or “Pickles,” or
“Seize ’em,” or “Tear ’em.” Not at all. In spite of his democratic
antecedents and proclivities, he had an aristocratic, nay, a royal
designation. My own observation tends to prove that this inconsistent
appellation was according to a law of human nature. In the various
households belonging to the humblest ranks with which he had any
acquaintance, there were to be found specimens of the finest, most
sonorous titles in the English nomenclature. There was generally a
Gussy or a Louie, and there were twice Fredericks and once a Marmaduke.
The dog’s first master styled the waif, either in high-reaching
ambition or in smouldering satire, “Prince;” and Prince, not President,
he is likely to continue till the day of his death.

It is no reproach to Prince’s powers of memory—which, at the same
time, were only remarkable in what were to him the parallel lines of
meals and feuds—that they could not carry him back beyond that era in
puppyhood when he was found, in one of the back slums of London, doing
brave battle with a dog twice his size and age for a gnawed crust.

Unquestionably, Prince had not first seen the light in such a dainty
kennel as might have impressed his juvenile imagination, and the loss
of which would have made a crisis in his early history. The probability
was that he was the puppy of some poor working dog, such as he himself
became in after-life; and that the dog’s proprietor, after having
tolerated him for a few weeks—during which he showed no signs of
growing up of any particular value, and when no fellow-workman fancied
the “pup”—had either separated him from his parent, and cast him adrift
on the world, or had suffered him to be lost in the street, and thrown
on the tender mercies of the police, as the easiest solution of the
difficulty—happily less insurmountable than that of Ginx’s spare baby.

But the finder of Prince was not a policeman. He was a little boy
named Jack, who was almost as audacious and reckless as the puppy,
with the delight of a child in a young dog—especially in a young dog
which is treasure-trove, and when there is the fraction of a chance he
may be permitted to retain it for his own property. He decoyed Prince,
still a nameless little cur, from the fray in which he was engaged,
christened him Prince, with a splendid disregard of the proprieties, on
the spot, and prepared to convey him home, tucked tightly within Jack’s
ragged jacket.

Poor little Prince! pugilistic as he had already shown himself, and as
he was doomed to prove throughout his career, he responded then, as he
always did, in his gruff fashion, to the scant kindness which was shown
him. He did not nestle to Jack’s heart or lick his dirty hand, for he
was never a demonstrative dog, but he cocked the ears—short even then,
before they had undergone the hideous process of cropping—looked up
with his small beads of eyes in his captor’s face, as if acknowledging
his master, and then gave one short, stiff wag of his stump of a tail,
as if appending his signature—the signature of the puppy-father to the
dog whose word was his bond—to the bargain.

That slightly ungracious, yet expressive wag of the tail did Jack’s
business, and rendered him ten times more bent on retaining the
puppy, in spite of sundry obstacles which he saw looming ahead of the
connection, in the prejudices which might be entertained by his father
and mother regarding their small means—of which Jack, boy as he was,
did not fail to be aware—their limited house accommodation, and the
number of his little brothers and sisters.

But if Prince the puppy was father to Prince the dog, so Jack the
boy was father to Jack the man. A certain jolly self-indulgence and
ignoring of consequences, so long as they could be shelved, were from
first to last marked features in his character. When Jack, with his
captive, reached the small, swarming, reeking family-room, in which
there was always a washing going on, at some stage of the process, his
mother did say that they had already as many dogs as there was bran
for. And his father, coming in from his last odd job, told the boy to
get along, and asked him reproachfully if his father’s dog, Bully, a
lame, cantankerous old bull-terrier of dubious origin, and his mother’s
birds—canaries and goldfinches, which were her “fad”—were not, together
with his numerous little brothers and sisters, pets enough for him?

But Jack was his father and mother’s own boy, and, as it was rather
a prosperous time with them, they could not find it in their
hearts to baulk him in an inclination with which they had really
so much sympathy. So Prince was suffered to become a member of the
happy-go-lucky family. The only serious opposition he met with came
from his dog-brother, Bully, who assumed a hostile attitude of tooth
and claw. However, Bully was old and incapable, so that a tolerably
active young dog could manage to escape from the execution of his
menaces. Besides, a street accident soon afterwards disposed of the
canine patriarch, to the unaffected grief of his master.

Prince grew to dog’s estate in the household, sharing its very
fluctuating, but inevitably downward-tending, fortunes, scrambling with
it for a livelihood—feasting the one day, fasting the next—receiving a
cuff, or a spendthrift dole, as humour and the family purse inclined.

Prince acquired stores of knowledge and experience of a mixed sort at
this stage of his existence. He was accustomed to go everywhere with
Jack in his spare time—above all, on his half-holidays. Prince enlarged
his acquaintance with London; he was not only a regular attendant on
all the bird sales and rat-pits in the neighbourhood, but travelled
into the suburbs and to the verge of the country. He followed Punch and
Judys, and joined in the festivities of Guy Fawkes’ and chimney-sweeps’
days. He went a-palming on the Saturday before Palm Sunday; he was on
Hampstead Heath, in Greenwich Park, and Epping Forest, and saw the
coloured paper-streamers, and the brilliant crimson and green false
beards on successive Easter and Whit Mondays. The wide open spaces, the
green grass, the shady trees puzzled him a good deal, but not nearly
so much as did the sea, which he once saw in a cheap trip to Brighton,
when Jack’s family were in exceptional funds, and spending them like

Prince was never absent from the Boat Race. Year after year, as the
day came round, he was to be found stationed by Jack’s side on the
Hammersmith Bridge, not half so much incommoded, on account of the
pressure—which, indeed, he could keep off by the use of natural
weapons—as he had been startled by the wide world of waters, on the
edge of which he had stood, with his tail uncertain whether to droop or
to curl, at Brighton.

I question whether any dog belonging to the two universities took a
greater interest in the race, even though he had been rowed for hours
by his attentive master on the Isis or the Cam, than did Prince, in all
impartiality; for, though he had a rag of ribbon tied duly round his
neck by Jack, Prince at least had no bet either on the light or the
dark blue. No more had he any, save the simplest friendly interest, in
the winner of the Derby, when he accompanied Jack in an overflowing
costermonger’s cart to Epsom Downs. His temper was sorely tried on the
way, not merely by the traffic and the clouds of dust, but by the
flour warfare, which powdered him white like a miller’s dog. As Prince
could not wear a veil, his small eyes were filled till he could hardly
blink at the flying hedges, or, after his arrival, at the grand stand,
the starting-point, the negro serenaders, and the gipsy fortune-tellers.

On the whole, Prince had a tolerably happy youth, for a dog of his
condition, under Jack’s auspices. It might not have been so improving
as one could wish, but he learnt some proficiency in shifting for
himself, and being philosophical when nothing better offered—a valuable
lesson for more than dogs.

Everything comes to an end, and few things sooner, alas! than the
hand-to-mouth drifting with the tide of careless, improvident working
people. There came a time, at no distant date in Jack’s and Prince’s
household, in which there were no longer treats and dainties going.
Bacon, buttered toast, and saveloys vanished from the board. Meals
became intermittent. Bit after bit of furniture, and every scrap of
clothing that could be spared, were put in pawn at one of the shops
with the three golden balls above the doorway. The mother of the family
was laid down with typhus, and removed to the nearest hospital. Young
Gussy and Fred shared the same fate.

Poor Jack, hanging his head, began to speak of parting with Prince. He
had often wished he could put him in pawn with the rest of the pledged
goods, and borrow a little money on Prince’s capabilities of keeping
guard and ratting. Jack had joked in his half-rueful, half-rough
fashion on the dogs not eating his head off, since he could hardly tell
on what Prince, together with his master’s family, had fed for the
last fortnight. Jack knew very well how he and Prince had gone out, in
company and separately, after nightfall and in broad day, on the hunt;
how they had constituted themselves amateur chiffonniers, and burrowed
in the dust heaps for cast-away fragments; how they had hung about the
doors of eating-houses and bakers shops for chance crumbs; how they had
picked up garbage and been thankful.

But it was one thing to joke and another to dispose, for good and
all, of the old dog—he was an old dog now in Jack’s eyes—and that to
a customer who was hard-fisted and cross-grained, whose bite and sup
Prince would not share, and who could no more be trusted to let old
friends meet than he could be expected to redeem the forfeited articles
and restore the fallen fortunes of the family gone to the wall.

But Jack, who had been, in his humble way, self-willed and extravagant
from his cradle, had already parted with more precious possessions than
Prince, and it is to be feared would part with still more before his
history was ended. Anyhow, he sold Prince for the merest trifle to a
hard buyer; and as tears were in Jack’s dull eyes when he closed the
bargain, we will dismiss him with the reluctant reflection that, if he
or his progenitors had only owned a single germ of noble self-denial,
manly, womanly forethought, plucky, cheery diligence, he might not
merely have kept the dog—he and his might have been as independent and
well-to-do, and risen as far above want, with its terrible temptations,
as any of the gentlefolks in the land.

The inducement which Prince’s new master, Mr. Jerry Noakes, had for
the purchase, was that he had enjoyed some opportunity of remarking
Prince’s tenacity of purpose and literal discharge of a commission,
which he was convinced would render the dog a good watch; while Mr.
Jerry was satisfied, from Prince present appearance, that he could be
put off with as shabby quarters and meagre fare as will suffice to keep
a dog in life. In fact, Mr. Jerry Noakes’ principle, which he found
to work well for his ends, was—don’t pamper your dependants on any
consideration, if you wish them to be of use to you—on the contrary,
grind them down to the last extremity, and all that is in them will be
stimulated to do battle with the world on their and your account.

Mr. Jerry Noakes owned a small coal-yard—very small and very little
frequented, though its possessor was a man of some substance—but he
drew his means from other sources. Still he was not inclined that these
slatey-looking, dusty, crumbling piles of coals which were his property
should disappear under the predatory attacks of the loafers in a low
neighbourhood. Therefore he procured Prince at a cheap rate, inducted
him into a couch—which, as it had been knocked together by Mr. Jerry
Noakes’ own hands from some rickety deals, was as poor an affair and as
wretched a shelter from the weather as could well be imagined—and put
him in charge of the yard.

It might be promotion, but it was also a great reverse for Prince.
True, he had now a regular meal once a-day, a moderate mess of bran and
food for poultry, with the parings of cats’ meat, administered by Mr.
Jerry, in place of Prince’s being called upon to forage for himself,
with the not uncommon conclusion of finding himself both breakfastless
and dinnerless, as had been the case lately in Jack’s family circle.
But not only was the gain not large, there was the sentiment of the
thing. I hope none of my readers suppose that Prince, though a coarse
brute, thick-skinned and obtuse, was destitute of feeling.

In Jack’s home the dog was one of the family; indeed from his very
doghood he had rather the best of it. For if men and women, responsible
beings, will live, like animals, along with animals, the last—the real
Simon Pures—have generally the advantage. Jack’s race, reckless as they
were, must surely have been visited with some doubts, some anxieties,
some pricking sense that they were wasting their capital of time and
capacity for work as well as of wages. But of course Prince was never
harassed by such a reminder that he had a conscience, and was at once
mortal and immortal. He had his little work to do, and did it to the
best of his ability. He was occasionally left to keep house, and did
not fail in his trust. He sat beside the tools of Jack’s trade many a
day, never offering to stir till Jack released him. He entered with
pride and zest into his calling as a rat-catcher whenever he had the
chance. But all the time he was largely his own master, for he could
hardly call it servitude to roam the world of London at Jack’s heels.

It was another matter for Prince to be a prisoner himself, while
prepared to take others prisoners, in this dreary yard—to spend day and
night there—to have no change of scene, no comradeship, though it might
result in scuffles and single combats with other dogs—to see nobody
for a stretch of twenty-four hours, perhaps, except Mr. Jerry Noakes.
He always spoke gruffly, never encouragingly, to Prince; and the dog,
though he was gruff himself, with little tenderness or humour, so that
he was impatient of fondling, and had no great aptitude for fun, yet
knew and appreciated what fidelity and good-fellowship meant.

That parting from his first master, Jack, had been a great wrench
to Prince’s whole nature; and while the strain of the pull, and the
ache of the void, were still in full force, the dog was condemned for
his sins to solitary confinement, on the lowest diet, and with no
satisfaction of his social instincts, except the brief interview with
Mr. Jerry Noakes, his gaoler, who never said, “Hie! old dog,” or “What
are you arter to-day, you duffer?” or “Shan’t we have a rove to-night,
my beauty?”

Sometimes Prince was so depressed in his spirits that he could not
find it in his heart to make a spring, worry, and have done with a cat
which, from scrambling idly down on the wall, ventured imprudently to
descend into his territory. He contented himself with growling at her,
just that she might escape to the wall again, and stand there raising
her back and spitting at him, which was an approach to company.

It was a positive relief when the sun was right overhead, blazing
down into the little black hole, threatening to produce spontaneous
combustion among the materials for fuel which seemed then so
unnecessary, and to grill the bones of Prince, lying panting with
his tongue out in that couch of his, which neither kept out heat nor
cold, and was very far from water-tight—that he could divert his mind
from sad thoughts by watching the blue-bottle flies which, for some
reason Prince could not divine—if he had got his choice, he would not
have selected such quarters—congregated and buzzed lazily about the
enclosure. Prince only watched the flies; he was by far too practical
and mature a dog to descend—even in his dulness, and although he had
not been weak from deficiency of food and overcome by the heat—to
anything so childish as catching flies.

I think it was Sir Edwin Landseer himself who said that no dog could
endure being kept strictly on the chain for a longer period than three
years; that his heart would break, or his reason give way in the

I believe Prince was nearly three years Mr. Jerry Noakes property
without either dying or going mad; but then he was a dog of singular
powers of endurance, as I have signified; besides, after the first few
months of his joint experience of being a gaoler and gaoled, there
were modifications introduced into the system which rendered it more
bearable to him.

Mr. Jerry Noakes discovered that by the sheer force of habit, and of
that defective imagination which prevents some men and dogs, though
driven to extremity, from breaking out into independent enterprise,
Prince, if let loose for a season, would return doggedly, of his own
accord, to his durance on the expiry of a reasonable time. Therefore,
when Mr. Jerry was himself on duty at the yard, he would free the dog,
and send him out of the gates for a scamper, reflecting with a grin
that he saved Prince’s feed that morning—since the dog was sure to nose
out some booty in his outing—as well as preserved him in good health.

Even if Prince had, with keen canine sagacity and a yearning heart,
sought out his former home, he would still have missed his old
protector, for, in sinking lower and lower, the humble street where
Jack and his family had dwelt in Prince’s day now knew them no more.
The seniors and the younger children had gravitated without fail to the
House; while Jack had become peripatetic in his vocation, and moved
rapidly from one wretched lodging-house to another.

But, truth to tell, Prince did not attempt to make the discovery. He
was too stupid, and too prostrated by slow starvation, to do more than
prowl about the immediate neighbourhood of his yard, and stump—for
Prince no more slank, not even when he was greatly in the wrong, than
he stalked—back to his den when he was weary, or when some occult
instinct told him that his leave was up.

Prince was not in some important respects the dog he looks in his
picture when he was living with Mr. Jerry Noakes. He is a fairly
well-fed dog, and in excellent condition, as we see him; but in those
hard times he was reduced to skin and bone, his ribs could be counted,
his mongrel disproportions were exposed in all their ugliness, and
there was a wild look—that of a creature at bay, and which struck
people as unsafe—about the dog.

Yet the lamentable change on the outer dog was not the worst result of
Prince’s residence with Mr. Jerry Noakes; the inner dog was undergoing
as sure a deterioration. Any good that had been in Prince was being
stamped out of him. He was hardening back into the original savage wolf
or jackal. His truth and honesty, which had been his best domestic
qualities, were being corrupted and sapped to the foundation.

With Jack’s family Prince had been—well, free and easy in his
practices; but the whole family had been free and easy in their
ways, and anything like deliberate, premeditated larceny was unknown
to the dog. There was all the difference that there is between
manslaughter and murder in Prince’s helping himself occasionally
when the opportunity came unexpectedly in his way, and when he knew
that there was no great offence in the deed, and in his craftily
planning and brazenly carrying out, in utter impenitence, the
series of roll-liftings from the baskets on bakers’ counters, and
trotter-snatchings from behind butchers’ doors, in spite of the
butchers’ dogs, whose vigilance he managed to evade—by which Prince
signalised his absences from the shed.

Mr. Jerry Noakes was right, that Prince needed no regular meal on
the day of his temporary release. Indeed, if Mr. Jerry had known how
liberally the dog fared on these occasions, the man might have sought
covertly to share in the spoil, and might have been tempted, though
he had no need, to run the risk of constituting Prince a professional
thief and a permanent provider, in a dishonest manner, for the material
wants of both.

But Prince’s diabolical cunning, that new and alarming feature in
the dog’s character, was too much for his master. Prince took care
to despatch every crumb and hair, and get rid of all traces of his
unlawful proceedings, before he returned sullenly to his master.

It is all very well to laugh; but the dog, with all his craft, would
have been caught red-handed some day and made a public example of,
perishing miserably by a violent death, had not Mr. Jerry Noakes’ own
death suddenly dissolved the connection between him and Prince. Mr.
Jerry Noakes was removed at a moment’s notice from all his grubbing
and grinding, and Prince, after narrowly escaping being forgotten and
starved to death in the yard, fell into the hands of Mr. Miles Noakes,
Mr. Jerry’s nephew and nearest surviving relation.

Mr. Miles was a family man settled in the country, and was called on
to sustain the trouble and expense of a journey to London in order to
discharge the last duties to Mr. Jerry, and possibly to be rewarded
by entering on his inheritance. Those who had known Mr. Jerry said
“possibly” advisedly, while they were aware that Mr. Miles was the
nearest surviving relation; and the cautious wording of the phrase was
vindicated by the sequel. Mr. Jerry had left a will, and bequeathed his
gains in two parts—to a more distant relation than Mr. Miles, and who
was comparatively rich and in no want of money, and to a charitable

It was just after Mr. Miles had been made acquainted with the
disposal of the funds that he, still acting in the character of the
representative of the dead man, seeing that the favoured kinsman had
not put himself about to attend the funeral, looked into the yard and
remarked Prince.

The dog, faithful to the single principle of duty that was left in him,
threatened the intruder as furiously as if Prince himself were not an
arrant rogue, or as if he were acting out the adage, “Set a thief to
catch a thief.”

The dog looked such a miserable object, there was so little to
steal, the idea of his revenging himself for being deprived of the
succession by pilfering these mouldy coals—if coals can ever be called
mouldy—tickled the stranger’s fancy, though this was no laughing
occasion, neither was he in any laughing mood.

Mr. Miles, while he had stood in the relation of nephew to Mr. Jerry,
was nearly as old a man as his uncle, and, as he lounged there in
his rusty black, he bore a certain resemblance to his late father’s
brother. He appeared crusty, if not grim, but he possessed what Mr.
Jerry had certainly been devoid of—an imagination to take in the
ludicrousness of the situation; and he was not altogether selfish
and inhuman, for even, while smarting under the injury which had been
inflicted on him, and as Prince was flying at him as far as his chain
would permit, Mr. Miles said to himself, “I must see that beast put out
of pain before I go.”

Then the humour of the man, which had been stirred in him, took a new
direction. “I should not care, just for the fun of the thing, to take
him down with me to Westbarns and show him to Nanse as our share of
Uncle Jerry’s goods. I heard the landlord of the Hare and Hounds say
he wanted a serviceable dog to replace his young Newfoundland which
he had been induced to sell. I’ll go bail that Uncle Jerry’s dog is

The whim found favour with a whimsical poor man, and so Prince, not
without difficulty and danger, was removed to the railway station
and consigned to a dog-box. There he was so dazed and confounded by
the darkness and the rapid motion—which he had only once experienced
before, and that was on that far-away trip to Brighton, when he
had been smuggled in Jack’s arms among a hilarious company into an
open van—that he came out, in the course of an hour and a half,
comparatively subdued, and condescended, without extreme pressure, to
accompany Mr. Miles Noakes to his cottage.

It was evening when the two arrived, jaded by travel, excitement, and
disappointment. A much younger looking woman than Mr. Miles was a man,
was gazing eagerly along the road in expectation of their arrival.
She stood at the gate of a well-kept little garden, sweet with spring
flowers—blue hyacinths, primroses, polyanthuses. She had lively hazel
eyes and smooth dark hair, and wore a neat cap and clean apron. She
might have been a capable, prized maid-servant in her day; she was
still an active, tidy matron in her early prime.

“You are come at last, Miles; you must be clean done up, but the
children are a-bed, and your supper is ready,” she said hurriedly,
while she kissed her husband, as if feeling it a relief to welcome him
first before she asked the question with which her heart was beating,
her breath coming fast and her lips quivering, while she had no
attention to spare for his four-footed attendant.

“All right, Nanse,” said Mr. Miles, entering the cottage before he
vouchsafed any explanation.

Perhaps his mind misgave him, or his heart smote him with regard to
the jest he was about to make, as he looked round on the familiar
dwelling—small, not without evidence of narrow means, but scrupulously
clean and well ordered, from the gay patched quilt on the crib, in
which the two children slept, to the well-scoured pewter mug with his
beer flanking the plate of cold bacon, the better part of the dinner
saved for his supper.

It would be no jesting matter to Nanse to hear that the property of
which he had been summoned to take possession had gone past them. When
they had parted, she had not been able to help building on it, in her
impulsive woman’s fashion, as what should render them easy in their
worldly affairs, lighten the load on their backs, provide a welcome
substitute when his strength must fail, and, above all, supply better
schooling for the children, and raise them above all fear of want when
she alone was left to labour for them.

But Mr. Miles Noakes was not a man easily turned from a purpose, and,
it might be, he thought the quip would break the weight of the fall.
He said at last, as he took off his hat and placed it carefully beyond
the reach of damage, while he gave a jerk of his elbow in the direction
of Prince, standing uncertain on the threshold, a most unattractive
object in his skeleton leanness, his unthrifty coat, and the greed
which the glimpse of the victuals called up—in spite of his clumsy
efforts to conceal his feelings—in his winking eyes and sniffing
nose—“Well, Nanse, there is our legacy.”

The woman stood bewildered; her colour went and came. “Oh, Miles! you
cannot mean it?” she cried at last; “Uncle Jerry and you could not be
so cruel?”

“Woman, I had nothing to do with it,” he said, flinging himself heavily
into the chair set for him; “and was it not better than to come back

She understood now that he was in earnest—that he and she had been
defrauded, as she called it in her hot heart, of the time, trouble, and
expense of his journey, as well as of their justifiable expectations,
and that there was nothing left for Miles but to be grimly merry at her

She hesitated, for she was a quick-tempered woman, prone to resent fun
of which she was the butt, and any advantage taken of her ignorance.
Yet she had loved her husband for the very oddity which expressed
itself in this shape. She had been proud of her conquest of him when
she had been a pretty, smart, popular servant-girl, and he had enjoyed
the reputation of being the most “humoursome,” no less than the most
long-headed, steady, middle-aged bachelor in the place. His humour,
even in company with his long-headedness and steadiness, had not
brought him great worldly prosperity, yet she had never regretted her
choice. There must have been a strain of something uncommon in Nanse
herself, which had enabled her, in the first instance, to appreciate
what was remarkable in her future husband and to triumph in astonishing
the world by accepting him from her host of wooers, and, in the second,
to remain content with her bargain.

But it is one thing to relish a queer fish’s cranky wit played off on
other people and on things in general, and quite another to value the
same rare quality turned against one’s self in a supreme moment of
mortification and vexation.

Nanse stood motionless for an instant, and was on the verge of getting
into a white heat and saying something she would have regretted
afterwards, when the corner of her eye caught sight of her husband’s
grey hairs, while her ears seemed to take in the echo of a break in
his voice. Her heart was as warm as her temper was quick. With a flash
of sympathy she realised all his fatigue and chagrin, and pain for her
pain, which he was seeking to carry off by his poor joke. She was at
his side in a moment, entering into his humour, though with a lump in
her throat and a dimness before her eyes.

“Dear heart alive!” she exclaimed, borrowing one of her old mother’s
expressions; “it must be a rare monster, Miles; I should have said it
was not worth the carriage, but Uncle Jerry and you must know best. In
the meantime, let it be, and eat your supper like a good man. I’m right
down thankful to have you safe home again, and the children are both
pretty well, and fell asleep an hour ago wearying for your kisses.”

“You’re a good soul, Nanse,” muttered Mr. Miles down in his throat
in the pauses between bolting mouthfuls of bacon. “Come and have
your supper with me, lass, and I’ll kiss you again as soon as I have

Mr. and Mrs. Miles had no thought save of disposing of Prince to the
landlord of the Hare and Hounds the first thing next morning, though
they gave him, as a matter of course also, the scraps of their supper
and leave to sleep at their hearth.

But the new day brought new ideas. Little Freddy—named proudly for
Nanse’s little master in the last situation she had filled—fell sick in
the night, and was still ill and cross in the morning when Nanse rose
to light the fire and prepare the breakfast. Mr. Miles, who kept the
child while the mother was thus engaged, thought to divert the boy, and
partly succeeded, by drawing his attention to the strange bow-wow which
daddy had brought home while Freddy was asleep last night.

“You had better leave the brute all the morning, Miles, since Freddy is
so taken with him,” suggested the anxious mother. “Pretty dear! he has
left off crying to watch the dog. I suppose the creature will be quiet
enough if nobody meddles with him, and I shall take care that neither
Freddy nor Louie teases him. You will be in and out, and you can take
the dog away at dinner-time quite as well as now. Perhaps the child
will be better then.”

When the dinner hour came the child was not better, but worse, lying
listlessly with flushed face and heavy eyes, which, however, still
lightened a little as they followed the entrancing apparition of the
dog. Mr. and Mrs. Miles could not bear to remove the solace of their
sick child, and hour by hour and day by day the departure of Prince was

In this period of probation I am glad to say that Prince’s conduct
was irreproachable. As Nanse fed the dog regularly, that the child,
who could not eat himself, might have the pleasure of seeing the dog
eat, and with a faint hope that Freddy might be induced to follow the
“doggie’s” example, Prince was not exposed to the temptation of hunger,
which had already proved too much for his virtue. For that matter he
had not stolen in private houses, his depredations had been committed
in shops, and his dulness was in his favour at this epoch, as it did
not suggest an analogy between Nanse’s little larder and the regions
from which he had been wont to pick and steal.

Then it was found true here, as elsewhere, that if there is any
lingering remnant of good in the rudest, most brutalised man or dog,
a helpless little child will call it forth. Prince, as a rule, hated
fondling, but he had some experience of children. Though Jack had been
twice Freddy’s age when he appropriated the dog—a strong puppy in the
street, Jack had always possessed, more or less, small brothers and
sisters, with whom Prince had been on friendly, familiar terms. Prince
knew, therefore, that fondlings and sundry other liberties—such as
clutching him round the neck, or pulling him by the tail—must be put up
with from senseless little children, although no dog of spirit would
stand them for a moment from grown-up, rational people.

Prince sat like patience on a monument, and permitted Freddy to stroke
his bristly hair backwards with hot little hands, or to hold on by
his ears, without uttering one note of protest, till Mrs. Miles cried
out of her full heart to her husband, “Miles, let us keep the dog
ourselves; we’re not so hard up or so near that we’ll miss his bite.
We’ve had no cat since poor Kitty was took in the rabbit warren. He may
earn something for his living if he can be got to go out and do a turn
at ratting for a neighbour at a time. Anyway, he can always watch your
dinner till you’re ready, when you carry it with you to your place of
work; and he is good to the child. I feel as if dear little Freddy will
get well again, and that the dog may bring luck to the house, though he
came to it at an unlucky time.”

Of course, and very properly, Mr. Miles laughed and scouted at Prince’s
bringing luck; and it was not in consequence of any such vain womanish
superstition, but because families like Mr. Miles’ are tolerably
sure on the whole, and in spite of troubles, to rise in the social
scale—just as families like poor Jack’s are as certain to decline, that
the occupants of the cottage did begin to prosper from the hour that
Prince crossed their threshold.

Prince himself knew when he was in good quarters, and showed the
knowledge satisfactorily, by continuing to be on his best behaviour,
till he commenced to forget his worst, and to be good as if goodness
were a second nature to him. He thawed manifestly in his surliness to
more than the children, whose trusty play-fellow he was. He showed
himself faithful, obedient, attentive, as far as his understanding
went, and decently civil and discreet.

I wish I could state that Prince became in all respects a superior dog,
or at least that he lost his overweening opinion of himself, and became
capable of reverencing, at a humble distance, really great dogs—instead
of cracking vulgar jokes at their expense, and seeking to drag them
down to his own level—or that he even altogether got rid of that
lowered moral standard and grave deterioration which he suffered during
his stay in Mr. Jerry Noakes’ yard.

I am sorry to say I can make no such assertion. On the contrary, it
was a great shock to Mrs. Miles, who was pre-eminently an honest
woman, to discover that Prince—fairly to be relied upon at home—could
not come within a hundred yards of the baker’s and butcher’s shops in
the village without undergoing a distressing transformation. He would
slip away from his mistress’ side, if he happened to be out marketing
with her, dodge about with an evident disreputable assumption of an
incognito, for he was but a fifth-rate actor after all, till he saw
his opportunity, then improve it by darting to the scene of action,
seizing the coveted twopenny loaf or sheep’s liver, though he had made
an excellent breakfast that very morning, and making off with it like
the wind.

It was to no purpose that he was pursued, convicted, punished; the next
time temptation met him, he fell without fail, repeating the offence.
It was as if the temptation, once habitually indulged in, had become
irresistible to poor stupid Prince.

Mrs. Miles had a struggle whether she ought to keep a dog with such
a disgraceful propensity, and one day she was very nearly giving him
up, when by his gross self-indulgence he covered not only her but his
master with ridicule and shame.

It was on a Sunday at noon, of all times, but Mrs. Miles had not been
to church—she had sat up, the night before, with a sick neighbour.
She had carried the younger child with her on her errand of mercy,
while Mr. Miles had taken care of the elder, and been at church with
him, leaving Prince to keep house, which he did with sufficient
uprightness, in the family’s absence.

Mr. Miles had gone home when the service was over, and liberated the
dog, permitting him to join the little party, in their Sunday clothes,
that set out to meet and greet the wife and mother on her expected

Mrs. Miles had appeared duly, and been gratified by her husband’s
attention. The group were proceeding in the most exemplary and
agreeable fashion along the village street, when the heads of the
household were startled by the nudges and sniggles, rising into
roars of laughter, which their progress drew forth—not only from
the loiterers about the ale-house door, but from the more decorous
passers-by, carrying home their Sunday’s dinner from the baker’s oven.

Mrs. Miles glanced round indignantly at her husband and two children,
and could discover nothing—unless a pleasing picture of domestic
felicity, which ought to have excited admiration or envy, not
contempt—to account for the derision with which even some of her own
particular friends were regarding the family, till she looked behind
her, and then Mrs. Miles saw it all.

To her horror, Mrs. Miles found that Prince was scouring along close
to heel, bearing a whole roast duck by his teeth in its back. He had
been unable to pass the baker’s door, though the shutter was on the
window: having entered, his nose had beguiled him into a more daring
and serious crime than the petty pilfering which was the usual extent
of his delinquencies. And Mrs. Miles could not create the scandal on
the Sunday, with the parson coming out of the rectory at her back, of
having the dog pursued and deprived of his prey.

That night, while Mr. Miles—though he had not liked the laugh when it
was sounding in his ears any better because he had often raised such
himself—after he had escaped the cackle, took the matter easily, like a
philosopher, Mrs. Miles was, as she would have described it, “in a sad
way;” she felt as if her own and her husband’s good name were at stake,
and that they might be unjustly accused of sharing in the toothsome
dainty, basely come by, and for which some Sunday dinner had waited in
vain. She renounced Prince with a groan. But next morning, when the dog
stood letting Freddy harness him with pack-thread, Nanse thought better
of it. She judged correctly that Prince was only a dumb brute; when the
worst came to the worst, she was not certain whether Uncle Jerry were
not accountable for Prince’s bad tricks, and whether she and Miles, as
Uncle Jerry’s representatives, did not owe the dog some reparation for
the cruel wrong done him.

At the same time, she was careful to relieve her conscience and clear
her credit by solemnly warning the baker and butcher, and going so
far as to offer to pay for any amount of plunder with regard to which
it could be proved that it had not been left carelessly, after her
caution, in the dog’s way.

The tradesmen, to whom Mrs. Miles always paid her bills to a day, took
her communication in good part, and even generously tossed to Prince
an occasional crust or bone, which, nevertheless, had not the effect
of curing him of his culpable weakness. But Mrs. Miles left him as few
chances as possible of lapsing into his one inveterate vice.

With this, alas! flagrant exception, Prince ended by being a tolerably
respectable character, in the favourable circumstances to which he was
so fortunate as to attain at last.




SIR EDWIN LANDSEER intended to produce a broad contrast when he painted
two dogs, and ticketed them respectively “Low Life” and “High Life.” I
need hardly say he succeeded in his attempt. Never were dog nature and
dog surroundings more widely opposed than those which are to be found
in the two pictures.

I have already described Prince’s appearance, and sketched his history,
while I have left my readers to study for themselves the copy which
the painter has supplied of the dog’s primitive abode. But I must turn
back and call attention to it at this point, in order to mark the gulf
between it and Carlo’s home. First, look at Prince’s lodging, with its
rude block for a table, the red-handled knife on the block, the pewter
pot which has contained his master’s beer and still holds his pipe
standing behind the dog, and, lying at his feet, a well-polished bone.

Next, contemplate Carlo sitting in an elegant, pensive attitude in his
master’s study; was there ever a deeper gulf alike between dogs and
their quarters?

Carlo belongs as unmistakeably to the castle—one turret of which,
with its fluttering flag when the family are at home, we see through
the study window in the picture—as the castle belongs to Carlo. Both
dog and scene—the table littered with books and writing materials,
the riding-gloves, the fine old bell glass and flask of rare old
wine, the foils, together with that glimpse through the window of
the castle turret—are products of centuries of civilisation and
generations of culture. Now look at the dog himself, as refined as
any fine lady, for no fine gentleman was ever so absolutely removed
from the faintest trace of rude nature—not to say from caddishness or
snobbishness. Carlo is positively burdened with refinement. Measure
him from the tip of his long nose to the point of his long tail, from
his small head and slender throat to his delicate haunches and fine
legs, and do not forget his large soft eyes and exquisite skin. Is he
not grace personified?—grace, not dignity, for dignity implies power.
Indeed there are critics who would limit Carlo’s dominant attribute
to superlative elegance, since they allege that perfect grace demands
natural vigour, and vigour or power is exactly the quality which the
dog lacks. Being a high-bred hound, he may be fleet as a bird—fleet as
Master Magrath of racing renown; but stamina, endurance (apart from
fleetness), simple force of constitution and character, are not in him.

I have said Carlo is positively burdened with refinement. You cannot
look at him without suspecting what a weight the vulgar world is on
his mind. It does not enrage him; he is too mildly superior for that.
Rage is more or less of a brutal quality, and Carlo is as little of a
savage brute as any four-footed creature ever was. The wilful low life
and rude practices of the mass of living beings simply depress his not
very strong spirits, and torture his keen sensibilities. He is often
rendered wretched by the mere coarseness of the world in general; and
this wretchedness bulks so largely in his excited imagination that
his peculiar trial shuts out from him every other dog’s trial. Carlo
has fared delicately all his days. He has never known what it is to
want food and shelter; the best and most suitable of everything has
been provided sedulously for his use by the men whose business it is
to wait upon him, instead of his having had to hunt hard to satisfy
his most pressing wants, and to submit to being hunted in turn, kicked
and abused for presuming to have wants, and for seeking to satisfy
them. He has hardly ever heard a rough word addressed to him, so that
he will mope for hours if he is merely overlooked—if his master has
not smiled upon him, stroked his head, taken in his hand one fine paw
after the other. Naturally, Carlo has little sympathy to spare from
his own sentimental woes, which he plaintively airs and nurses, for
the matter-of-fact miseries of homeless dogs, starved, beaten, done to
death for the idle amusement of the spectators.

Yet Carlo is a gentle, generous dog, by natural temperament, and,
so far from having no feelings, his feelings are only of too
fine a description. The truth is, there is a subtle—all the more
serious—danger to moral character in exquisitely fine feelings,
especially when they accompany a morbidly fastidious taste and
effeminate habits.

When I say effeminate habits, I wish not to be mistaken. I do not mean
that Carlo was a larger lap-dog, utterly idle and useless—that he sat
and lay all day and all night in that luxurious study, or in a still
more luxurious drawing-room, or in a kennel very little behind the two
rooms in comfort and beauty. On the contrary, he saw plenty of sun and
wind. He had been trained, like his master, to count as the best part
of his time those hours which were spent in the open air, and in active
exercise. Coursing was exactly to Carlo what stalking deer, riding to
hounds, and rowing a boat were to his master. When the dog’s blood and
breeding were up, he could make a good fight in his doggish sport.

What I do intend to convey is, that in Carlo, and, for that matter, in
his master also, the instincts of self-preservation, self-resource, and
independence were sensibly and unconsciously weakened. The two could
not have earned a dinner for themselves to save their lives, and if
they had earned it they would not have known what to do with it, unless
some foreign aid had happily come to them. Even after they had been
initiated into the necessary process, they would have been so revolted
by all the plain details inevitable to preparing a dinner, that they
would have left it to be devoured by hardier applicants, till hunger
urged them on to the stifling of their over-trained and stimulated

Carlo first saw the light in a perfectly appointed kennel, built in
the shape of a pagoda, one of the show-places in a noble ancestral
park. His birth was attended with all the _éclat_ of the coming into
the world of a great and important personage, and his pedigree was as
proudly and hotly upheld as that of many a prince whose inheritance
depends on his family tree. The young heir up at the castle had
scarcely been welcomed with greater exultation, or had more unremitting
care and attention bestowed on him than was lavished by the kennel
staff on the puppy, the finest of the litter, the progeny of a valuable
and favourite dog. Neither were the kennel men and boys the only or
the principal persons who waited on the levees of Carlo. My lord and
my lady visited him almost daily; the most cherished visitors at the
castle were taken to inspect his points, and admire his promise; indeed
it was regarded as a mark of favour, on the part of the earl and the
countess, when some comparatively humble visitor—parson, lawyer, or
doctor, with his wife or daughters—was invited to go to the kennel and
have a look at the special puppy. The kennel was the first place the
young lord ran to when he was home from Eton.

Carlo was led through all the trying stages of puppyhood with the most
tender anxiety for his welfare. His weaning and teething were carefully
seen to. I am almost sure that he was inoculated for distemper,
either in the ear or under a front leg, at a spot which could not be
reached by tooth or claw; and that the operation was performed by a
distinguished veterinary surgeon, who came from the next large town for
the purpose.

If I am right, by this means the dog was enabled to escape altogether
the common scourge of the young of the dog race. And I believe the
most distant suspicion of mange, imported by some extraordinary means
to Carlo, would have been enough to have driven the head kennel-man
into a fit, would have covered with gloom the countenance of the young
lord, and would even have brought a cloud over the brow of his father
the earl, who was a famous statesman, and was understood to have the
destinies of nations at his beck.

That was a great day to more than the dog—on which he was emancipated
from kennel thraldom, and was brought to the castle, where he was
destined to be the companion and friend of the future earl when he
was at home, though by this decision a sacrifice was made, of what
would probably have been Carlo’s laurels as a regular coursing dog.
Carlo might course occasionally, stirred by his master’s presence and
encouragement, but no study or drawing-room dog, whatever his pedigree,
could go in with a hope of winning the great matches equal to that of
the dog who was kept up to the mark, by being maintained solely for
that end.

It was an evidence of the degree to which social claims are permitted
to prevail in every circle. “De Vaux wishes to have the dog constantly
with him,” said De Vaux’s mother, as if the desire of the heir settled
the question; “and Carlo is such a nice gentlemanly dog. I have been
so frightened for De Vaux’s taking a fancy to a hideous turnspit, or
a rough German boar-hound, or a fighting bull-terrier, with a beauty
spot over one eye, or even to some wretched cur. Young men are so odd
now-a-days,” she finished with a sigh of relief.

Not a footman or a housemaid was not respectful to Carlo, well-nigh as
to my lord and my lady—tolerant of the trouble he gave the servants,
flattered if he took any notice of them. Like all aristocratic dogs,
he was inclined to keep his distance from the domestics, even from his
old friends of the kennel, so soon as he saw that they were not his
masters—that his master, who was also his familiar friend, proved to
be their master, and stopped short with being so. Carlo was disposed
to keep up an almost unbroken reserve towards the worthy persons,
in their own way, who used the back stairs. He would no more have
thought of visiting the kitchen, or even the housekeeper’s room or
the butler’s pantry, on terms of equality, than I daresay you and I,
my reader, would dream of doing, if we were, like Carlo, not so much
the servant as the privileged member of an earl’s family. But Carlo
was such a gentlemanly dog, as my lady had said, that he was incapable
of arrogance, far less insolence. His manner was, like that of Queen
Charlotte when she curtseyed to her humblest maid-servant, or of King
George when he took off his hat to the gentlemen of his band, always
gracious and affable.

My lord and my lady had a great partiality for Carlo. My lord would
take him for a walk when the dog’s master was not at home. My lady
would encourage him to sit with her in her morning-room, where
she conducted her correspondence, and to glide after her in her
conservatory and flower-garden, where she gathered flowers, and played
at being a gardener in a big apron and gauntlet gloves, wielding shears
for the destruction of dead leaves and twigs.

Carlo was introduced into the family picture which a great artist from
London came down to the castle to paint. The dog had been painted
several times before, and photographed on occasions without number—with
De Vaux on his pony, with my lady standing on the terrace, or entering
the family’s almshouses; but it was the first time that Carlo had been
put on the same canvas with the head of the house, and in a picture
which was destined to be one of the great works of the generation,
secured for the castle. My lord, who himself dabbled in art, likened
the introduction of Carlo into the piece to the use made of the white
greyhound by Rubens in the “Arundel Family,” and to the similar
employment of a dog, with the best effect, in Van Dyck’s “Wilton
Family.” One cannot wonder that Carlo felt perfectly justified in
regarding himself as a member of the earl’s family.

But Carlo was De Vaux’s special property, and the relation between them
continued unbroken, in spite of the young man’s frequent absences on
his travels, during the first period of the connection. These absences
were trying to Carlo, who had little else to do save to miss his
friend, and pine for his return; and the more he pined, the more he was
praised and petted for his fidelity and devotion, till—as the dog had
naturally no dislike, but, on the contrary, a great yearning for praise
and petting, provided they were administered with the delicacy which
he demanded in all the dealings with him—he ran a great risk either of
falling into a normal condition of pining, or of becoming guilty of
the most abominable affectation, passing by insensible degrees into
hardened hypocrisy.

Carlo was saved from these pitfalls by De Vaux’s return from his
travels, which had of course extended from Europe to Asia, including
Palestine and Damascus; Africa, as far as has been made out of the
course of the Nile; and America, across the continent to the Rocky

After the celebration of De Vaux coming of age—which, to tell the
truth, was in its exuberant rejoicings a considerable infliction both
on him and Carlo—the heir settled down as far as he was likely to do in
his ancestral home, and took Carlo into his constant society, until the
dog had nothing more left to wish for.

Ah! there was the rub; it was the having nothing more left to wish for
that threatened to be Carlo’s bane—to weigh him down with satiety, and
oppress him with a sense of life accomplished. De Vaux laboured under
a touch of the same complaint, only it took a higher form in the man
than in the dog, and De Vaux and all his friends gave it another name.
They made out that De Vaux, with his gifts and prospects, was rendered
so difficult to satisfy, while he had such a craving after perfection,
that the whole machinery of history and society disheartened and
distressed him, until he could not make up his mind—and it did not
really seem worth while to make it up—to join any political party,
conservative or reforming, or take up any calling or work in life,
beyond dreaming over what might have been, and deploring what was.

De Vaux was not unlike Carlo in body and mind, if you make allowance
for the fact that the man was royally endowed compared to the dog.
The young lord was a fine handsome young fellow, more elegant than
muscular, in spite of the muscular education he had received both at
his public school and his university, yet quite manly enough to despise
sybarite indulgences and face hardships when they came in the way of
his sport or travels. What was enervated in him had to do with his
excessive fastidiousness and his want of hopefulness, his mental and
moral languor. He was sufficiently thoughtful always, and courteously
considerate when one came across him personally—so kindly that he would
not have harmed a fly—always unless in the way of sport.

De Vaux was grieved to disappoint his noble parents, who would have
liked him, with his rank and talents, to enter the world and do his
devoir, and win his spurs gallantly. But to him the game was not worth
the candle; and when he regarded his fellow-players and the weapons
he must use, he shrank unconquerably from the contest. Altogether, he
was of as little use in the toiling, struggling world—except it might
be in affording an example of refraining from the indulgence of gross
appetites which he did not possess, and of pursuing cultivation for its
own sake—as one can well imagine in the case of a highly responsible

Perhaps, as a consequence, De Vaux suffered greatly, like Carlo, from
that sickening of a vague disease, that inexplicable, unbearable
depression, that weight of sympathy thrown back on itself, which
will always beset such men. I do not know how he could have stood
it, without breaking out into some abnormal eccentricity, or seeking
a miserable refuge from himself and his weakness in excess or vice,
if it had not been for the intellectual and muscular sides of him,
both of which had been carefully developed. They afforded him the
relief of a variety of interests in study, art, science, in long walks
and rides—wherein not only his nerves and muscle were braced, but a
wholesome love of natural history was farther fostered, in fishing,
shooting, deer-stalking, hunting, each in its proper season. Neither
was he, in his father’s house, at liberty to neglect intercourse
with his neighbours, though they afforded him much less solace, and
frequently grated painfully on his fine perceptions, so that they drove
him to give tokens of sinking, with all his advantages, into the life
of a confirmed recluse before he was thirty years of age.

Withal, it was rather a melancholy spectacle to see De Vaux and Carlo
sitting listlessly together on a glad spring morning, or a serene
summer evening, by the bank of a trout stream, or at the man’s study
window—De Vaux’s long legs crossed, his long hand supporting his
drooping head, his eyes gazing wistfully and moodily into the distance;
while the dog, reflecting closely his master’s expression, if not
his attitude, sat with his head declined also, and his nose sniffing
the air in a kind of tender despondency—both so weary and sad, with
wonderfully treacherous fascination for them in the energy-sapping
sadness—and yet both so goodly in their respective fashions; De Vaux
not yet twenty-three, Carlo not turned ten years.

There was only one element of light to be thankful for in this,
among the many mysteries of existence. When you thought of the low
life of Prince and his friend Jack, with all their shortcomings and
deprivations, and, in the middle of it, how courageously—though it
might be with a stolid courage—the dog and the lad endured misfortunes
unmerited as well as merited, and what an absolute hearty relish
remained to them wherewith to seize and enjoy every scrap of pleasure
that came in their way in the course of the day’s difficulties; how
they were not weary of life, in spite of the troubles they had known,
but were always looking forward, in the teeth of their experience,
to happier to-morrows—even when Prince was dragging out his dreary
days in Mr. Jerry Noakes’ yard—then you could not help seeing there
was compensation in life both for men and dogs. At least, where men’s
blundering arrangements are concerned, it is the tendency of riches to
produce surfeit, and of polish to sharpen the blade to an impracticable
fineness, till it not only wears out the scabbard, but bends and breaks
in the hand of him who uses it.

But, for my part, I think the man and dog here were far too much alike
for their good. If they could have been parted, and De Vaux fitted with
a rollicking, though gruff young mastiff or Newfoundland, and Carlo
with a light-hearted, if empty-headed young squire, it would have been
better for both of them.

In course of time the earl became superannuated, and more
responsibilities were heaped on De Vaux’s shoulders, bending,
notwithstanding their developed muscularity, under their present load,
which the bearer was growing more and more fain to shirk.

My lady, plied with representations by friends and relatives of the
family, became alarmed at the supineness of her son, with the waste
of all his youthful promise, and his increasing inclination to let
the active current of life sweep by him, while he buried himself in a
remote retreat, taking with him his unemployed talent to rust there.

One winter evening at the castle the curtains were drawn, and tea had
been brought in and carried out. Mother and son were alone together
in their several corners, behind their respective screens, and having
their private little tables, laden with books, drawing materials,
ladies’ work, and flowers, between them and the blazing fire. Carlo
was stretched decorously on the white bear skin which served as a
hearthrug. Then the countess spoke out, and urged on De Vaux all the
arguments which could stir his principles or rouse his ambition. But he
had always the same answer.

Was it his father’s wishes that were pled? Ah! it was too late, so far
as affording his father gratification went; besides, De Vaux had been
persuaded from the first that, since he must have followed his own
convictions, he would have run counter to his father’s opinions, and
only contrived to vex and disappoint him in a public career.

Was it the good of his country he was bidden mind? De Vaux laughed
softly, but with more pensive sadness than cynical bitterness in the
laugh, at the idea of his being of any service to speak of to the
nation. There were better qualified men than he to do the country’s
work—men who could stick to a party, and have all the consistency
and combined strength which such resolute adhesion gave; men not too
scrupulous—not cumbered with a double sight, which saw both sides of
a question, or with a vague, hazy farsightedness—he did not count it
a gain, he was not meaning to praise himself in reckoning the defects
which prevented him from observing clearly and concisely—which was
always anticipating dim consequences, magnified to giants in their
dimness. At the same time, he really felt he could not work—he could
not do himself or any other body justice in union with fellows who
were tools of a faction, or slaves to a theory; and he was not such
a Don Quixote as to propose to fight the battles of the country and
Parliament single-handed.

Was it a suggestion of authorship? He had been a prize-man at Oxford;
he had been fond of making researches in various fields of intellect;
his style, as shown in his letters when he had been on his travels,
had been commended by distinguished literary men and diners out as the
_juste milieu_ between simplicity and brilliance. The family papers
alone might supply him with delightful subjects for essays.

De Vaux laughed again, and protested that the world was too full of
books; that the making of books in his generation, much more than
in that of Solomon, was “vanity,” and he was not fool enough to add
without any distinct calling to those toppling monster heaps, which,
however evanescent, threatened to crush for the present, by the mere
force of numbers, the half-dozen books capable of surviving the
catastrophe. As for the records of the house, he was not disposed to
turn them out for daws to peck at, neither had he any desire to wash
his dirty linen in public, if she would forgive him the coarseness of
the simile.

Was it a proposal of giving more personal attention to the management
of the estate, now that his father was no longer able to take any part
in it, or even to consult with the agent, in near prospect of the time
when De Vaux should be sole master?

Here the poor lady began to cry, half at being forced to allude to the
approaching death of her old husband, half at the recollection that he
had always told her that to be an earl and a great landed proprietor
were not the sinecures that ignorant people imagined they were. Yet
De Vaux, who might have known better from what he had seen of his
father’s cares and worries, and with his own cleverness, was taking his
future position with unbecoming indifference, and declining to serve
any apprenticeship to it since the time when he had been a bright boy,
proud to accompany his father to the offices and the home farm.

De Vaux’s affectionate heart was touched. He assured his mother that he
hoped his father would still be spared, and trusted he might rally and
resume some of his former habits. “In such a case, my dear mother,” he
said, “do you think he would like to find me prematurely interfering
with his plans, and overturning his arrangements, particularly when
Anwell is the briskest, most trustworthy old fellow out. He has a
greater knowledge of the capabilities of the estate, and of country
interests, than even my father had—don’t be angry; I have often heard
him say so—or, I need not add, than I am likely to acquire, though I
live to the age of Methuselah, which God forbid. It must have been a
heavy task for the oldest of the antediluvians to get along without
the comfort of so much as a contemporary to share his penalties. No,
no; ‘sufficient for the day is the evil thereof.’ We have Scripture
authority for that, and I shall recommend the vicar to take the text
for his homily next Sunday if you will fret about my future troubles.
I shall think I am in your way if you are so anxious to get rid of me
and my spare time. In order to bring about that, there ought to be a
new crusade—quite enough in the unaccountable laziness of your son to
justify that. Eh, mum?” He ended with a flash of youthful fun, which
was some consolation to his mother for her failure.

But she was more puzzled than ever. It was all De Vaux’s superior
cultivation, ability, and good feeling which stood in the way, of
course. There was a great deal of good taste, good sense, and good
feeling in what he had said, especially in his reluctance to grasp the
sceptre falling from his poor father’s hands. It was so different with
Lady Netherby’s son, who was little better than an amateur coachman—in
those days, too, when coaches had almost ceased to exist; or Lord
Dorchester, who was a learned prig as well as a marquis; or young
Ascham of Ryelands, who, as everybody knew, had sold himself to the
Jews, and was eagerly anticipating his father’s death for his release.
She recognised the difference thankfully. On the other hand, though
she and her lord had been fairly polished, intelligent, well-disposed
persons, she had not been, so to speak,

        “Too wise and good
    For human nature’s daily food;”

and it was a little hard to have a son whose genius and virtue took
this turn. But De Vaux was the product of the age.

The countess hit on a new device. She would have young people about
the house. It might be that De Vaux, though he was too kind and
long-suffering to own it, even to himself, found his home a little
slow, shut up, as he was, with a couple of elderly people, one of
the two growing more and more infirm every day. No doubt the unequal
association told on the boy’s spirits—even his dog Carlo looked dull. A
disadvantage like that was enough to confirm De Vaux in those mooning,
moping habits—his one fault, and which somebody had frightened her by
foreboding might end in valetudinarianism; citing Lord Paulet, who had
not been beyond his own park for years, though he was not over forty,
and Sir Charles Ridley, who could not face a stranger to save his life.

She would begin by having girls, since it would be rather a delicate
matter, and have the air of an act of interference on her part, if
she were to bring young men about the place who were not even of De
Vaux’s old quad or college, and were certainly not of his selection and

It showed the extent of the countess’s secret alarm on her son’s
account, and of her unselfish devotion to his welfare, when she fixed
upon getting girls to the castle to entertain him. Good woman as she
was, she had not loved to contemplate her successor, and she had been
tempted to keep her boy to herself as long as she could. But she would
encounter the danger, and even bring herself to make the sacrifice
cheerfully, because of the true mother’s love which she bore him.

De Vaux had an utter aversion to loud, fast girls, and two or three
even nice girls, with their incessant claims on his attention, might be
too much for him and Carlo—might serve to bore rather than enliven him.
But there was one quiet little girl, the daughter of a favourite cousin
of her ladyship and of a brother peer, held in especial esteem by her
husband, and who my lady thought would be the very material for a first
experiment. Accordingly, Lady Margaret was invited to spend a little
time at the castle, and the invitation was accepted.

De Vaux had made no objection when he heard of the probable guest. He
thought a young woman’s company for a few weeks might be a boon to his
mother, and though he was becoming every day more of a hermit, and
more averse to the slightest exertion out of the ordinary routine, he
would not interfere with his mother’s pleasure, and he too would bear a
little on his mother’s account.

When Lady Margaret arrived she did not look like a person who would
be in anybody’s way, and even Carlo did not insist on sitting at
attention, and refusing in a melancholy manner to be at home in her
company. She was a very quiet, very shy, very young girl—on first
acquaintance almost too quiet, shy, and young for the countess’s
purpose, she feared. Lady Margaret required to be drawn out herself
in place of drawing out De Vaux; and she was hardly even pretty, for
her fair hair had been cut out on account of an illness, and was
only half-grown and thin; while she was as thin as her hair, and so
pale, that she resembled a wan, washed-out little ghost. My lady felt

If the countess and De Vaux had known it, poor Lady Margaret was
undergoing a severe ordeal, and was suffering, without any sign,
agonies of _mauvais honte_ and of incipient home sickness. It was the
first time that she had been away among strangers without either her
mother or her governess. She was naturally timid, and she had only
recently recovered from a bad illness which had shaken her nerves.
Everything was strange and overwhelming to her; even the sound of her
own titled name startled her, seeing that she was accustomed to be
called Peggy at home.

The countess was very kind, and De Vaux looked a _preux chevalier_; but
Lady Margaret did not know them, and they did not know her. She could
not tell in the least how they should ever become acquainted, or how
she should get over the weeks she must spend at the castle. But mamma
had wished her to come. Berry had said the change would be good for
her, and she knew she was a silly, spoilt girl. No doubt the trial was
beneficial, and she ought to make the best of it.

The best was within the reach of a creature so humble, so full of
good-will and generous enthusiasm, in spite of her bashfulness
and nervousness. In a marvellously short time Lady Margaret began
to be reconciled to her situation, and to get the better of its
disadvantages. Every day she was a fresh surprise to my lady and De
Vaux—she opened up into such brightness and bonniness, as well as
sweetness, before their admiring eyes.

The girl’s health was profiting by the change, combined with the
friendliness of her entertainers. She was coming out in her natural
colours of innocent trustfulness and happiness. My lady was getting as
fond of her as if Lady Margaret had been the countess’s daughter.

Lady Margaret was a perpetual wonder to De Vaux, after she was at ease
with him, and he could remark how constantly she was occupied, and how
fresh and unflagging was her interest in whatever she was engaged with,
whether it was reading a new book, or drawing an original design for
the countess’s work, or borrowing a hint from the castle schools for
her own schools, or learning from Mrs. Woods the hen-wife, or Forbes
the gardener, the last plans for prairie chickens and orchises. She
was as ardent as a child, and her ardour knew no decrease. She carried
about with her a perennial spring of gladness, which was not impaired
by her earnestness and seriousness; for she could be very earnest and
serious on grave topics, and she was not an ignorant girl—I mean, not
ignorant of the sorrowful, terrible verities of life. She had been
brought up in a family that took a deep interest in humanity at large,
and were early accustomed to see the world as it is, and not to fear
to soil their raiment by coming in contact with the draggled garments
of others. These people were possessed with a passion of humanity,
the fervent conviction that to the pure all things are pure, while to
the strong and the good is appointed, under God’s grace, the task of
supporting and bringing back the weak and the bad.

De Vaux believed that Lady Margaret’s mind had been too great for
her body—not that she was exceptionally clever, only unboundedly
sympathetic, unweariedly helpful. But all the drain of the sympathy and
help she afforded, in addition to the delicate health she had suffered,
did not suffice to take the girlish lightheartedness and mirth out of
her, after it was no longer checked by her first reserve.

He was amused watching her in the park one day, when she thought she
was alone with Carlo. She had a bit of stick in her hand, which she
was throwing away from her with a great show of _empressement_, to
encourage the dog to follow and pick it up. He could guess she was
saying, “I should like to see you run for a bit of fun. Good dog. Oh
dear! is there no fun in you?—I know there is very little left in your
master. I wonder if you can run, except after a hare. If you only
would, I think it might shake you up, and put a little spirit in you.
Of course I should not expect you to run like my Buzfuz or Berry’s
Reiver; but if you would just try a little bit to please me.”

All that she got Carlo to do was to wag his tail as if he were shaking
his head. “I believe the brute thinks it would lower his dignity and
mine if he were to run,” said De Vaux to himself, impatiently. He could
have found it in his heart to rise up from under the tree where he lay,
and go and run for her delectation, and to show her that he could run,
though he had not exerted his long legs, save at cricket, since they
were short legs, and had done their best at football.

“Do you never whistle, Lord De Vaux?” she asked curiously one day. “My
brother Berry is a great whistler, and I miss the music. I know it is
very homely music, but none seems to me so blythe or so straight from
the heart. I wish girls might whistle if they could. I will confess to
you I have tried and failed. Berry said it was the feeblest attempt at
the magnificent—like a mouse squeaking.”

He did not answer her that he had no heart-hilarity from which to
whistle, and that he had sometimes been moved to envy a ploughboy who
went whistling joyously past him, only pausing to take off his cap to
the young lord on his walk or ride.

The next time De Vaux was in his room, with the door ajar, and was
aware that Lady Margaret was going along the corridor, he whistled
with all his might, though it took away his breath, so unwonted was
the performance; and involuntarily he fell into a solemn and stately
measure, like the “Dead March in Saul.” Still, he responded to her
suggestion better than Carlo had done, and he made her laugh—though he
was happily unconscious of it—at his doleful strain. She called him to
herself “the melancholy Jaques,” and said, though he was a product of
the age, a specimen of the kind existed in the time of Queen Elizabeth.

But I don’t know that Lady Margaret thought the worse of him, or
liked him the less, because of her private wit at his expense;
though he—being, like other young men, stupid where young girls are
concerned—might have been at that date hurt and offended, and even
imagined that she despised him because she made game of him.

One morning, as an excuse for his elegant idleness—of which he began to
feel slightly ashamed, when he was forced to see how busy this delicate
little girl was, and generally on the behalf of others—he repeated to
her the speech he had addressed to his mother, of his wanting a modern
crusade to induce him to put on his armor.

“But there is a crusade going on all around us, for every one of us,
always,” she said, opening her eyes wide. “We have never been without
one since”—she stopped, but he knew what she meant.

“I quite envy those fellows who have their own way to make in the
world,” he observed on another occasion, still with an underlying
motive of self-defence, and speaking in allusion to her younger
brothers’ work in their military and naval schools.

“Oh! but Berry does most of all,” she explained promptly; “and he is
an eldest son—like you, I had almost said, but you are an only son and
child. I pity you, if you will forgive me for pitying you.”

“Not forgive, but thank you, and I pity myself,” he answered quickly,
for it had at that moment struck him that, if he had possessed an
admiring sister to quote him as she quoted “Berry,” or to look up to
and depend upon him as she described her schoolboy brothers looking up
to and depending on their elder brother, he might have had more faith
in himself, and more inducement for exertion.

“Lord Beresford is going into Parliament,”—she continued the
conversation, always delighted to speak about Berry,—“and, do you know,
Berry will never make a great speaker?” she confided to him, as if it
were a matter of extreme surprise, no less than regret, to more than
herself. “Berry acts, he does not speak. He has few words, except on
rare occasions. He says he could not be eloquent to save his life. But
that is nonsense; at least I have heard him what I call eloquent—to
save other people’s lives, when he had to argue against the bad water
and worse drainage in Friarton, the town next us. He hopes to be a
useful member; and he says though he hates to be in town, and it makes
him shiver to think there is the most distant chance of his having
to speak within earshot of the reporters and the strangers’ gallery,
and ironical cheers from the opposition benches, yet he ought to make
himself acquainted with the working of the House of Commons, and to put
himself in training, since, if he live, he must sit in the other House
one day.”

“He is very good,” said De Vaux, abstractedly.

“Oh yes,” said Lady Margaret warmly, without any affectation of
contradicting him. “I must not tell you what I think, because Berry
says, if I go about praising him or any of the others, we shall be
set down as the Mutual Admiration Society; only I may be permitted to
mention that he does not need to go into Parliament for occupation.
Our vicar—with whom, by-the-bye, Berry has some differences—always
maintains that my eldest brother, what with his clubs, societies, and
night-schools, his allotment schemes and co-operative experiments, is
the hardest-worked man in the parish.”

“For a member of the bloated aristocracy,” commented De Vaux, with
somewhat grim humour.

“Yes; is it not an odd order for Berry, as well as yourself, to belong
to?” she asked, laughing merrily; and then she added seriously—“But
it is no laughing matter. Berry says he does not wonder at that, or
indeed at any term of opprobrium, after the awful gulf which has been
permitted to yawn and deepen between the ranks.”

“Lord Beresford will never fill it,” said Lord De Vaux dogmatically,
and with a suspicion of irritation. “Not above a tithe of the people
for whom he is spending himself will even understand him—far less be a
bit the better for his waste of life and energy.”

“Berry says a man’s life would be well spent in helping a handful of
his fellow-creatures, especially his countrymen—not to say our own
people down at Southfolds,” said Lady Margaret serenely.

“Did I say a tithe? Probably not more than one will follow your
brother’s lead.”

“Berry says he would not grudge his work if one man, woman, or child
were the gainer by it,” said Lady Margaret proudly.

“What manner of man, woman, or child ought he or she to be who is to
cost so much,” protested De Vaux ironically. “A beer-drinking clown,
a long-tongued slattern, a dirty-faced imp of mischief—one and all of
them dropping their r’s and revelling in their h’s.”

“Lord De Vaux!” said Lady Margaret, taken in by his tone, and getting
red and indignant. “Berry says he has heard as good sense and as
poetic thoughts from men and women who abused their r’s and h’s, as he
ever listened to from their neighbours who respected these important
letters. He is tempted to hold that it is a prejudice to be so
particular about their disposal. More than that, he protests that, if
the use of a tooth-brush would cause him to have a profound aversion to
and contempt for the multitude who do not employ such an aid to their
toilet, he would rather renounce tooth-brushes for ever, and continue
to care for his brother.”

Lady Margaret had recovered her good-humour by this time, and saw he
was trying her; so she added waggishly, “I must tell you, Lord De Vaux,
that I have the greatest respect for an honest old woman who commits
the enormity of taking snuff, as papa remembers your great-grandmother
and mine doing freely, and that Berry’s model boy has red hair and a
face covered with freckles.”

“What will you do without Berry?” he questioned her insidiously.

“I don’t know,” she answered, her face falling, and herself dropping
forthwith into the new trap laid for her. “We’ll miss him dreadfully,
and we are only to go to town after Easter for a few weeks, just that
I may be presented, as mamma does not think that I am strong enough to
stand the season. Berry will have nobody from home with him for the
rest of the time, except Reiver, to make him feel less lonely, poor
dear fellow.”

“You might take Carlo and me in exchange for Reiver and Berry. I think
you could make something of us—get us to run unprofessionally, and do a
little work in time.”

She looked up quickly to see how much he was in jest, and how much in
earnest. She looked down again, and said hastily, “Carlo and you do not
need me or any one to make you run and work, when it is in you both to
run faster and work better than the rest of the world, if you choose.”

She did not intend to flatter him by any means, but he was not
displeased with her answer—not though she put aside his petition.

The conviction had been growing upon De Vaux, till it was like an
inspiration, that Lady Margaret and her brother held the right standard
which he had missed—the one bracing and ennobling view of life—in which
a man can live and die, serve God and man, and cast behind him self
with all its weakness and waywardness.

He could do it as he was a Christian man, Heaven helping him. He had
known what she had meant by a crusade all around us, for every man
and woman, always. He had remembered who had first bidden man take up
the cross, and condemned the servant who had hidden his talent in the
earth. It made De Vaux thoughtful and sorrowful; but in spite of his
sorrow, and the humility which was at its root, he was more hopeful
than he had been since boyhood in taking these reflections to heart,
and in seeing in the light of Lady Margaret’s conception of duty what
an egotist he had been, and how near he had got to making shipwreck of
his life, by yielding to scruples and whims, and forgetting the great
call which is on him and every man.

My lady never had reason to regret having summoned Lady Margaret to
stimulate De Vaux. Lady Margaret did finally take both man and brute
in hand; but De Vaux had learned to work to purpose long before then,
having, as she had said, the power to work in him, while it was his
own fault if it lay dormant and shrivelled away. She never could or
would accept the credit of his working, but she was ready to allow that
she had helped to make Carlo a more cheerful dog than she had found
him. She had not done everything, for Carlo had always reflected his
master’s mood, and when De Vaux looked alive, and stepped out briskly
to keep some engagement which went against the grain with him, but the
obligation of which he had come to recognise, Carlo looked alive also,
and accommodated himself to his master’s quickened pace, and even to
the spring which had entered into the young man’s tread with the light
in his eye. But Carlo could not go everywhere with his master—could not
even be so much with him as formerly, after De Vaux grew a busy man
with ever-increasing engagements; so that it was all the better for the
dog that he had a brave little lady by whose side he could trot on her
numberless errands, until he had no time left to fall back into his old
painful consideration of the stumbles, the blunders, the coarseness and
vulgarity of his neighbours, or to indulge in morbid moping and pining.




FLORA was a species of dog that had a dash of the bloodhound in
her. She was a great, somewhat gaunt creature, standing high on the
legs, and with a broad sagacious jowl, as different as possible from
Carlo’s fine, supercilious, pensive mouth. Flora, like many of her
sex—especially those of them whose personal qualities are not their
great distinction, and who have not, therefore, been followed and
fawned upon by a crowd of fools—was a dog of strong affections. It was
for her capacity in this respect, together with her admirable patience
and a kind of broad good sense, that she was valued.

In the picture, Flora is sitting waiting, as she so often sat,
expectation and longing in every bristling hair, but without a single
demonstration of violence or obstreperous appeal. The door is closed,
and it is not for her to batter it, as Flora knows right well, neither
will she disturb her friends and owners by intruding her wishes on them
in barking and yelping. It is not that she has tried the artillery and
found it fail; it is that she is too reasonable, too long-suffering,
too unexacting and unselfish to practice with the weapons of a
smaller dog in every way.


There she is, a great, not over-comely, and somewhat uncouth dog,
but loyal and loving to the heart’s core—as considerate as a dog can
be—full of a great trust in and an absolute submission to her master,
who is her lord and king, and in her master’s absence to his family and
representatives. She is so strong that she can afford to dispense with
bullying, and is meek in her strength and mild in her power.

She sits to the artist, full of the anxiety and desire which you can
read in a thousand signs—by her wide-apart legs, the one foot slightly
raised, as on tiptoe—by the head bent in the attitude of intent
listening—by the fixed eyes, a little mournful, as deeply-loving eyes
are apt to be—by the hair rising on the crest of the back—by the very
squat of the haunches, and the utterly flat and flaccid condition
of the great tail laid at rest on the floor; for you will please to
observe that Flora, though hearkening with all her ears, does not
catch the faintest murmur of sound. It is the dog’s instinct and
affection—whatever she has for a mind—that is on the rack, and not
her nerves or her senses. She remains perfectly still and silent—a
monument of watching and hope, which are not undashed with fear and
doubt, almost despair; for the dog is capable of very keen and constant
attachment, and she has little knowledge wherewith to lighten the
apprehensions and solace the pangs of devotion put on its hardest
trial. But should Flora’s hope deferred sink in the end into fathomless
despondency, the dog will still contain herself. She will be no burden
to anybody. She will not add to the grief of others, who have a better
right than she has to mourn. She will wear a decent veil of reserve
over her anguish. What is she that she should cry out against destiny?
She will go about her usual avocations, and even faintly wag her tail
and make a formal show of joy at her friends’ advances, or on any
occasion of hilarity. There will be no idle baying at the moon, or wild
howling in the dead of night, causing the blood of other watchers to
curdle, in Flora’s case; she knows how to suffer and be silent, nay,
to put the best face on suffering. Only the old dog’s tread will grow
heavier and heavier, in proportion to the increasing heaviness of her
heart, as she stalks about her business. She will get ever gaunter,
without attracting much notice to her spectral condition, until one
day she will be found stretched stark and still on some spot, hallowed
by association, where her master was wont to whistle her to his side
to start for the day’s sport—where he cleaned his gun on their return,
and she, after lapping the cold tea which his care provided for her
refreshment, sat and looked on, not too tired to enter with interest
and admiration into the operation. Or she will be discovered on the
mat by the closed door—opening no more—of his room; dying without
complaint, and seeking to cause no trouble in her death, as she had
tried to give as little as possible in her life.

Flora was brought up in a middle station of life to that of Prince or
of Carlo. She was not the next thing to an outcast, neither was she a
pampered dog of high degree. She was one of a litter of puppies that
arrived at a country parsonage, when there was no great need of such
an addition to the family. Neither was she, nor her mother before
her, particularly precious for purity or excellence of breed, though
they were members of a race of stout serviceable dogs which could be
turned to account in various ways, and could be trained to prove of
considerable use, both as setters and retrievers, among the turnips and
clover, and in the young plantations. But the perpetual curate who was
master of the parsonage was an elderly man, and no great sportsman, and
one dog was quite enough for him and his friends.

Flora was sentenced to death along with her brothers and sisters, and
if it had not been for Master Harry her history would have been of the
briefest. He was not the sole hope of the house, like De Vaux; neither
had he any honours beyond an honest name to succeed to. But he was the
youngest born of his family. He was growing up in a healthy, hardy,
happy boyhood, after the elder members had gone out into the world, and
were married and settled in households of their own. Master Harry was
the last young bird that kept the parent nest tenanted by more than the
old pair. He was the Benjamin of their mature years, and therefore it
was difficult to deny him a small request—not that Harry’s father and
mother did not strive to do their duty by him, in contradicting and
correcting him, as they had dealt by their elder children, in order
to bring him up in the way he should go. His mother, who was a tall
gaunt woman, as gaunt as Flora became in later days, and yet as active
and managing as if she had been one of your little boneless, tireless
women, and the apple of whose eye Harry was, especially laboured
conscientiously to mortify her own inclinations and hold her youngest
son in check. Even in the matter of Flora, though she yielded to let
the dog be reared, it was always under protest and with reservations—if
the dog proved a thoroughly good dog, and was in every respect well
conducted from her puppyhood; if Mrs. Bloomfield saw no reason to
change her mind at any point of Flora’s career, and cause the dog to be
consigned, after all, to the water-hole in the furze quarry, by common
consent—the grave of all the criminal, mangy, forsaken dogs in the
parish of Rushbrook.

As the best of dogs, like the best of men, are fallible, Flora may be
said to have grown up under a sentence of death, and was only spared
by a succession of reprieves from the execution of the warrant. Once
or twice she made very narrow escapes, and perhaps her rescue was
due to more than Harry’s powers of piteous pleading. She had been
gradually, by the pertinacious efforts of her master, introduced into
the house, instead of living at the stables with her mother, according
to Mrs. Bloomfield’s original decree, and so had established a claim of
familiarity on the regard of the stern censor herself.

Two marked instances of Flora’s rubbing shoulders with that eminence
above the water-hole in the quarry, which may be compared to the
Tarpeian Rock, are on record.

Mrs. Bloomfield, who prided herself on her success in her poultry yard,
had to listen at one period to various mysterious and doleful accounts
from her cook and boy-of-all-work on the inexplicable disappearance of
new-laid eggs and newly-fledged chickens. As there were no disreputable
characters about, and neither fox nor hawk in the vicinity, and
as the innocence of Flora’s mother was as well established as the
incorruptibility of the parsonage servants who brought the reports, a
grave suspicion attached from the beginning to Flora as the depredator.
But in the absence of positive proof, and in the face of Harry’s
indignant denial, the dark suggestion only hovered in the light of a
suspicion, and did not settle in the form of a conviction in people’s

As good or ill luck would have it, Harry had a half-holiday, and
proposed gallantly to escort his mother round the offices, offering her
his arm for the purpose. The two proceeded, chatting easily, the best
of friends, past the kitchen garden, the paddock where the Guernsey cow
and her calf fed, the shed where the pony phaeton stood, and the stable
which held the curate’s cob, and his wife and Harry’s ponies. The pair
came in course of time opposite the door of the well-ordered hen-house,
or the hennery, as some ladies of Mrs. Bloomfield’s acquaintance,
ambitious of euphemism, preferred to term it. There was an unusual
commotion about the place; the door, with its crescent hole for hens
to enter or issue at pleasure, had been forced ajar, and at the very
moment when Mrs. Bloomfield and her son appeared on the scene it was
driven still more violently open. There rushed out a loudly protesting,
terrified hen-mother, with all her black feathers ruffled, and some
of them half pulled out, hanging by the tips of the pens. Behind her
tore along Flora, not subdued and decorous, as we have seen her, but
inflamed with riot and in hot pursuit. Her jaws were dripping yellow
with the yolks of eggs, to which was added, in horrid significance, a
fringe of the fluffy down which is the covering of recently hatched

The sight struck Mrs. Bloomfield and Harry dumb. She had too much
feeling for her son, as the master of Flora, to say a word to him at
first. He could not bring forward a syllable in defence of the dog,
caught red-handed, or yellow and feathery jawed—which came to the same
thing—in this instance.

Though Mrs. Bloomfield said nothing, she let her hand, which had been
resting lightly on Harry’s jacket sleeve, tighten its grasp. Thus she
marched the boy to the house. Flora, who had taken guilt to herself,
stopped short in her headlong career, let the plundered and insulted
hen go, and slunk at a safe distance after the mother and son to the

“Now, Harry, what have you to say for yourself and that brute of
yours?” asked Mrs. Bloomfield, in the tone of a righteous and
relentless judge.

“I had nothing to do with it, mother,” cried Harry in desperation; “and
Flo is only a dog.”

“Flo is only a dog,” echoed his mother severely; “and those who should
know better, and keep her to the injury of poor helpless fowls, and the
destruction of as fine a brood of chickens as cook ever set, have the
more to answer for. Harry, Flora goes this very night.”

“Mother, it is the first time,” pled Harry faintly.

“The first and the last,” said his mother. “I have heard that a taste
for eggs, not to say chickens, is never eradicated in a dog.”

“Oh no, mother, you are wrong there,” cried Harry eagerly. “Tom
Cartright’s Juno was as destructive a beast to turkeys and geese, even
to lambs, when he was half-grown——”

“Hold your tongue, Harry, and don’t contradict your mother.”

Harry was cut short in his argument, and submitted more unresistingly
than usual.

“I cannot have the dog about the place for another night,” went on
Mrs. Bloomfield, in a high authoritative key. “Hoppus,” naming the
gardener, “will take her away quietly, and put an end to her without
any unnecessary pain. It must be done, Harry; there is no help for it,
and you must bear it like a man. You know I have often told you, when
you would insist on keeping pets, that you must be prepared for their
coming to grief, and causing you to suffer in your turn.”

“I don’t mind my own sufferings,” muttered Harry indignantly; “but I’ll
tell you what, mother, if Flo is to be killed, I—I’ll kill her myself,”
he said, with quivering lips and a husky voice, but making a manful
fight to keep down his feelings. “I have a right to be let do it.
Nobody will care so much that she shall not suffer as I will. And Flo
will do anything for me. She will even jump over the quarry when I tell
her, and not believe her senses that it can hurt her, because it is I
who bid her do it,” he ended, unable to restrain a sob.

Mrs. Bloomfield hesitated, while she was conscious of some troublesome
moisture in her eyes. It was true what Harry urged, that he had a
right—and she was the last woman to deny a right, if he claimed it—to
save Flora from pain, and make her death as inconceivable to her to the
last moment as was possible. But could she condemn her boy to such a
task? She would consult his father.

The curate, like his wife, shrank from making Harry his dog’s
executioner. Harry stood firm. The matter was argued, and the
fulfilment of the sentence delayed, till at last it was commuted to a
sound whipping, and _that_ Harry consented to relegate to the hands of
the gardener. So faithfully did Hoppus discharge his mission, and so
susceptible was Flora, from these early days, to reason—whether it was
conveyed in kind careful instruction or wholesome chastisement—that
from that hour she respected the poultry yard, and always looked
another way when she had to pass a nest, or when a chicken crossed her
path. So magnanimous did she become in her age, that she has been known
to allow a daring young cock, or stolid middle-aged hen, to advance and
peck at the bone beside which she lay reposing.

The next perilous crisis through which Flora passed occurred later in
time, and in Harry’s absence from home—which proved, nevertheless, a
fortunate circumstance. Flora was grown, and had her first litter of
puppies, which were taken from her and destroyed. Ill, sad—missing
Harry as well as her puppies—the ordinarily quiet, well-behaved dog
fretted herself into a very frenzy of destructiveness, under the
influence of which she roamed in secret all over the house, gratifying
her gnawing and tearing propensities. She got possession of a visitor’s
ermine boa, and rent it in fragments. She was found ensconced in a
spare bedroom, and established in the bed, the Marseilles quilt of
which she had chewed till it was riddled with holes. Finally, she
managed to secure a bandbox, containing two maid-servants’ Sunday
bonnets, and made short work with the pink ribbons and the artificial

Mrs. Bloomfield replaced the wholesale wreck; but she could stand such
conduct no longer, though she was too well-informed a woman to fall
into a panic, under the impression that the dog was mad. In reference
to the right in Flora stringently asserted by Harry when he was a mere
boy, she could not—now that her son was a big lad—do more than order
the dog to be tied up, while she waited word from Harry in answer to
her inquiry as to how his _protegée_ was to be disposed of. It happened
to be the end of the week, when Harry frequently returned home from his
public school to remain over the Sunday. And it had been noticed before
that the dog was cognizant of these stated visits, and looked eagerly
out for the arrival of her master.

In the season allowed to Flora for cooling down and contrition, while
she had the knowledge forced upon her that she could no longer rush
to greet Harry with an open face and a clear conscience, but must
be sought out by the lad, smarting under a fellow-feeling with her
disgrace, Flora became so overpowered by the consequences of her
previous self-indulgence of restless grief and longing, that she cast
to the winds the silent endurance which had been from her youth a
marked feature in the big, brave dog’s character. She refused to eat
and sleep, and expressed her poignant regret and repentance, in a mode
most unlike herself, by filling the air with her howls and moans.

At the end of two days and nights Flora had howled herself perfectly
hoarse, until Mrs. Bloomfield’s—not to say the curate’s—ears and hearts
ached with the dog’s husky distress. In sheer self-defence they sent
instructions to loose her, but to detain her a prisoner on parole,
banished from their presence.

But Flora did not understand anything about parole, or reservations
in pardon. With a succession of joyous bounds at her release, she
spurned all efforts to detain her, and never stopped till she had
pushed her way, worn and dishevelled as she was with unrest, hunger,
and the constant agitation of eight-and-forty hours, into her offended
judge’s august presence, leaping upon her and the curate—up to their
very shoulders and heads—in her fond gladness, licking the hem of Mrs.
Bloomfield’s garment, falling grovelling at her feet, whining in a very
passion of gratitude and delight.

What was to be done? It was not in hearts which were not steel to
resist such unbounded dependence on their regard and their goodness.
Mrs. Bloomfield professed to frown and pull away her gown from the
dog’s touch; Mr. Bloomfield pshawed and read on at his paper; but I
believe both secretly caressed the confiding culprit. Certainly no more
notice was taken of her misdemeanours. As for Master Harry, on his
return he had the coolness to take high ground, and maintain that the
accidents were all owing to the ignorance and carelessness of the dog’s
keepers, and that if he had been at home, and had Flora in charge, not
a single misadventure would have happened.

Soon after this escapade, changes occurred in the curate’s family which
established Flora’s position there so firmly that nothing short of
a capital crime could have dislodged her. Flora’s character was far
removed from a capital crime; she was an honest, worthy dog, noble
and sterling in her unaffected humility and steadfast attachment. She
had laid aside her youthful indiscretions—whether the probations and
penalties of these days had anything to do with the peculiar staidness
and propriety which ultimately, except on rare and exceptional
occasions, distinguished her bearing. The dog, that was at first
permitted to live as a favour, and brought up under protest, reached at
last to as high honour as ever dog attained.

However, it was long previous to this climax that Flora had many happy
days with Harry, attending him sedulously, and assisting him with all
her ability in his raids on rabbits, hares, pheasants, wild ducks, or
rats in the barn. Flora was not particular; any game came right to her,
which was one advantage of her mixed descent. Harry averred that she
would have gone at a deer had she got the chance of deer-stalking. He
was proud of her skill in pointing and in bringing him the game, though
he was free to admit that she was not probably just such a dog as that
which the poet Earl of Surrey—with the true poetic insight into animal
nature, and power of drawing forth and tutoring animal gifts—first
taught to point.

I don’t know whether Harry or Flora enjoyed most those early autumn
mornings, when the silvery white mist drew a bridal veil over the
orange and tawny woodlands, when the young man’s foot crushed out the
aromatic fragrance from the thyme and mint in the pasture; or those
winter and spring afternoons, when the sunset reddened the prevailing
gray, and the two crouched, stiff but staunch, among the frozen sedges
by the silent brook, and trudged home content—although they had got
but a single green-necked duck, or were empty-handed—in the gathering
darkness, with the stars coming out and twinkling over their heads. The
two were excellent company, and in room of speech Harry whistled—oh!
with what untiring wind, and how cheerily—in a way that it would have
done Lady Margaret’s heart good to hear, leaving echoes which rang
pathetically in other hearts throughout the long years.

The first great change which made good Flora’s footing in the curate’s
family, was Harry’s ultimate choice of the navy for a profession. He
had delayed his resolve out of a regard to his father and mother’s
reluctance to grant their consent. They were quite elderly people, and
were loath to agree to the son of their old age following a rough and
dangerous vocation, which, at the best, would take him far from those
who had not much time left to spend on earth. But Harry’s bent was too
strong, and his father and mother were too wise and kind long to resist
the clear inclination, or to call on their son to sacrifice it, with
its inspiration of hearty liking, to the growing timidity of their
years, and the very clinging love they bore him.

It was not the less a trial, which so broke down even the younger and
stronger of the two, that Mrs. Bloomfield, who had been known as a
highly practical woman, actually took to discoursing to Flora on the
subject, doubtless since she could not trust herself to speak to more
responsive auditors—least of all to her equally interested old husband.
“We’ll miss him, Flora. Ay, you need not wag your tail; there will be
few waggings of the tail in the dull days that are coming. I thought
you had more sense, old dog. But perhaps you mean that he’ll serve
his Maker and his fellow-men as well in a ship as in an office, even
as in a church, where I would fain have seen my Harry—only Providence
has settled it otherwise, and Providence knows best. We are following
unerring guidance; that is one thing to be thankful for. Some old
sailor—I daresay Harry could tell me his name and all about him—said he
was as near heaven on sea as on land, and so it will be with my boy.”

It was after the wrench of Harry’s departure, for many months, that
Flora was first seen to assume that attitude of supreme watching
and expectation in which she has been painted. She had been shut up
to keep her from running off to the railway station—just as I have
known another faithful dog go regularly and take up his position at a
particular hour, in order to be present on the arrival of a coach by
which his master had been wont to return home. The dog was under the
impression that the man would make his appearance in the old accustomed
fashion, and, although he was doomed to disappointment night after
night, he kept up the bootless practice for weeks.

The attitude expressive of suspense became frequent, almost habitual,
with Flora. In the early days of Harry’s service, he happened to have
tolerably frequent opportunities of coming home, so that his dog
grew familiar with arrivals and departures. And Harry’s father and
mother, now cherishing Flora as a relic of their absent son, were fain
to allege that she showed marvellous, certainly superhuman, if not
supernatural, discrimination in detecting the most distant signs of
her master’s approach; and that they were often made aware of Harry’s
unexpected nearness, before they could otherwise have known it, simply
by the actions of the dog.

In addition, Flora had her susceptibilities keenly alive to any
trace of Harry, or any association with him, so that on the sight of
some article which had belonged to him, such as his cap or his old
overcoat, or even on her catching the distant sound of the sportsmen’s
dropping shots on the first of September, Flora would fall into an
expectant position, and sit motionless and listening for hours. The
last expression of her remembrance unquestionably detracted from the
correctness of her premonitions of Harry’s reappearance; but his
father and mother argued that there was a perceptible difference
between Flora’s air when she sat thus waiting for her master, without
any hope of seeing him, and her whole gait and manner when she flung
up her bent head triumphantly before she made a bolt at the door or
the open window, crying as plainly as if she had made the remark in so
many words—“Ah! don’t you know Master Harry is at the gate?” Either
expression was clear to Harry’s father and mother, who had a sympathy
with the dog, and whose own dim eyes showed a reflection of the aimless
wistfulness which was creeping into Flora’s brighter orbs.

A sore test was in store for all Harry’s friends, human and canine. In
the course of honourable promotion he became a person of importance,
and his absences were much longer, his returns briefer and less
unfailing. At last there came a day when he had the pride of showing a
lieutenant’s uniform; but as a qualification to the satisfaction, where
his friends were concerned, he sailed for a distant station, from which
he could not return for a period of years.

Slowly the days passed in the quiet parsonage, where the snows of
winter had gathered thickly on the old curate’s head, and he was seldom
fit to totter up the stairs to his pulpit, and where Mrs. Bloomfield
had at last to avail herself of spectacles; and to own to a touch of
rheumatism, so that she had to employ young deputies to do the entire
decorations of the church at Christmas, and even to teach in the Sunday
school, and undertake, under the old lady’s superintendence, her
district visiting. Flora herself, by far the youngest of the household,
was neither so young nor so active as she had been.

But whatever powers of seeing, hearing, and discharging professional
duties were passing away from the members of the little party, there
was one thing they were still fit for—to count the hours and look out
for the appointed time of Harry’s return.

Alas! the hours were counted in vain. Although the long-desired season
came duly round, it did not herald the event which was to have rendered
it illustrious in one remote spot in Great Britain. Harry did not walk
into the old house and rouse its slumberous inmates. His cutter was not
even heard of; it had not been reported for many months.

Gradually misgivings and apprehensions, the sickness of hope deferred,
the agony of the worst forebodings, gathered and darkened over the

Everybody in the parish shook his or her head, and commiserated the
bereaved parents: surely they were bereaved, though it was natural in
them to cling to the last chance, and refuse to give up hope. Still,
it would be better for them if they could resign their son, with his
messmates, to an unknown death and a nameless grave.

Harry had been a favourite in the parish, and there was sincere
mourning for his untimely fate, as well as real sympathy with his aged
father and mother, even when their grief took a trying phase, and they
shut themselves up—not to say refusing to be comforted, but declining
to believe in their loss. “We won’t give him up so soon, old dog,” Mrs.
Bloomfield was heard to say to Flora. “You still look out for him;
don’t you? You would teach people, who ought to know better, greater
confidence in God and His mercy, and more fidelity to their friends,
instead of calling us afflicted, whom God has not afflicted.” And she
refused to put on mourning.

Then people began to say it was a bad example from those who should
be the first to show resignation to the Divine will, and that Mrs.
Bloomfield was guilty of lamentable weakness and superstitious folly in
paying heed to Harry’s dog and its ways. It was the grossest absurdity
to suppose that a dumb animal could be aware whether its master had
perished, or was sailing in strange waters, or had been cast away on a
virgin island. It was well known that the Admiralty had given up the
cutter. The speakers would not have expected such inconsistency in poor
old Mrs. Bloomfield, who had been a clever, sensible woman in her day,
though she was breaking up fast.

Harry’s mother got all the blame with reason, since the curate had
grown so feeble in mind, as well as in body, that he was only able
to take in what his wife told him; and if she had assured him that
Harry had never been away at all, but had been all this while in the
cricket-ground, or off with his gun and Flora, he would have called for
his hat and stick, and claimed her arm, to go out and chide the boy for
his thoughtless delay.

The elder sons and daughters of the family, middle-aged people, with
growing-up children of their own, put themselves about to come from
various distances to condole and remonstrate gently with their mother,
until poor Mrs. Bloomfield’s forlorn hope was at its last tremulous
gasp. Even Flora threatened to fail her, for the old dog began, not so
much to sit listening, as to crouch down, it seemed in despair.

But one April day, when the country air was full of the scent of
blossoming furze bushes and the songs of birds, awakening to the
knowledge that summer was at hand, Flora pricked her ears, started up,
and pawed eagerly at the door.

“There! I told you; there is Harry at last,” cried a shrill quavering
voice, and then Mrs. Bloomfield fell back in a dead faint; for, even
as she had spoken, she had recognised that it was only the postman who
was advancing to give his accustomed rap, and her strained nerves and
breaking heart could not stand the bitter disappointment.

“This delusion will kill my mother,” said one of the daughters,
hurrying to attend to Mrs. Bloomfield, while one of the sons received
the letters. “That wretched dog of poor Harry’s must be taken away from
the place.”

“Yes, Conty,” said her brother hastily; “but this is very like—it
cannot be—good Heavens! it is Harry’s handwriting, and see”—pointing to
the end of a letter he had torn open—“here is his signature. Could the
brute have scented it a hundred yards off?”

“Oh! never mind, if dear Harry be only alive and well. Find out all
about it, that we may tell mamma the first thing after she knows what
we are saying. There, the red is coming into her poor lips again; but
I am sure nothing will bring her back like such good news. No, Jem, I
have no fear for the shock; it is sorrow and not joy which drains the
blood from the heart; and the knowledge that she and Flora have been
proved right, and all the rest of us wrong, will help to steady her.
Don’t you know so much of human nature?” demanded the half-laughing,
half-crying, middle-aged daughter.

Harry’s story was one not altogether strange to men’s experience, and
which occurs once and again in a generation, but when it happens is
always regarded as a marvel with the attributes of a romance.

The cutter had been lost in a stormy night on a coral reef in the
southern seas; but a boat’s-load of the crew, among whom was the junior
lieutenant, had managed to land on an uninhabited island, and make good
a living there for four dreary months. “If I had only got Flora with
me,” Harry wrote in the letter—in which he was at last able to announce
his rescue, and in which he sought to make light of the hardships he
and his companions had undergone—to his father and mother, “the old
lass would have found plenty to do among the rabbits and a kind of
partridge. She would have been invaluable, if her very value had not
proved the ruin of her, and if she had not fallen a victim to her
general gaminess, as other poor beggars were like to do; but that is
all over now.”

When the castaway men were at last taken off the island, it was by a
foreign ship that carried them thousands of miles out of their track;
but the sufferers had been treated with every attention and kindness
by good Samaritans in the guise of Brazilian sailors, and by the time
Harry’s letter should reach the parsonage, to disperse any little
anxiety that might be entertained there, the writer would be far on his
way home.

Mrs. Bloomfield had enough spirit to undertake a journey to Portsmouth,
in order to be the first of all the friends who accompanied her to
greet her son. Her husband was not able to escort her; he waited
placidly with Flora, satisfied to be taken to the railway station to
meet the appointed train.

I need not say that the old dog was an object of great interest,
while she comported herself with her own exemplary sobriety. If she
had an intuition that her master was on the road, she did not betray
it on this occasion. She had no call to announce to the idle world
of Rushbrook—and it was rather an idle holiday world, with a marked
inclination to congregate at the railway station on another fine spring
morning—that Master Harry was coming. Withal, Flora’s sagacity and
devotion could hardly be expected to compass the fact that late events
had intensified the importance of such information. She submitted
to have a sailor’s blue ribbon tied round her neck, in honour of
the day and her master; but she wore the decoration rather with
imperturbability than with conscious pride, and she took no notice of
the flags and evergreens which were displayed with kindly zeal.

When the train steamed into the station, and a brown face appeared
at the window of a carriage, crowded with brothers and sisters, in
addition to an old mother, Flora did strain violently at the chain
by which Hoppus, for greater precaution, held her, and it was with
difficulty that she was induced to have the grace to permit Harry to
pay his respects first to his father—who, as by an involuntary motion,
uncovered his white head to receive his lost son—before she sprang upon
her master in a rapture of welcome, which Harry’s “Hold on, old dog;
don’t worry me outright!” only raised to a higher pitch of ecstasy.

But Flora was not naturally a demonstrative, far less a forward dog.
She soon controlled herself, and recalled the superior claims of
others, falling respectfully, and with a shadow of shamefacedness for
her late unwonted ebullition, to heel, and following decorously, for
the rest of the way, in the little procession.

Only one trouble occurred with the dog. It had been arranged that the
reunited family, with their friends and the parishioners present,
should proceed first to the church, in order to join together in a
solemn service of thanksgiving for a great act of mercy vouchsafed by
Almighty God to some of His children—a ceremony which is touching in
proportion to its rarity in this world of care and discontent.

Flora, who had never been to church before, and who was, as I said,
walking in her place in the procession just behind Harry, who was
between his father and mother, showed no sign of stopping short in the

There was considerable hesitation in the breasts of the brothers and
sisters, who noticed the dog’s proceedings, and in the mind of Hoppus,
who considered that he had her particularly in charge. Indeed, that
consequential functionary had been giving himself sundry airs on
account of the guardianship, seeing that if Master Harry were the hero
of the day, Master Harry’s dog, which had never ceased to look out for
him, might surely be regarded as playing second fiddle to her master,
reflecting glory on her keeper for the next twelve hours at least. But
what would become of the glory if Flora were let get into a scrape?
The official spirits of the clerk, beadle, and pew-opener were also
sensibly stirred by the _contretemps_.

Was the harmony to be broken, and a disturbance to be created, by the
forcible arrest and expulsion of the dog?—no easy task if Flora made up
her mind to stick closely to her newly-found master. Would a scandal
be created if a dog were suffered to make one of the congregation in a
thanksgiving service?

The matter settled itself. As the principals concerned walked
unconsciously within the sacred walls, and Harry took the old place
he had occupied when a boy in the family pew, Flora did not wait till
the objectors had formed a resolution; she advanced steadily in her
line of march in the rear of her master, and lay down in her festival
blue ribbon at his feet, with the coolness of unchallengeable right. It
would have been impossible to dislodge her then. As it was, she soon
stilled the alarm she had raised, by remaining perfectly quiet, and
behaving as if she had attended church every Sunday from her puppyhood;
like Scotch collies that wait discreetly on the diets of worship in
pastoral Presbyterian kirks. But I am bound to confess that was the
first and last occasion on which Flora went to church.





“CÆSAR will be the death of Dash some day, Tot,” said Nelly Pollard
to her favourite brother—not a little boy in petticoats, as his name
might imply, but a young man upwards of six feet, and “bearded like
the pard.” The origin of his inappropriate name was capable of easy
explanation, when it came to be investigated. He had been christened
Reginald—an imposing and euphonious title which his numerous brothers
and sisters in the nursery abbreviated unceremoniously to “Wretch.”
The child naturally objecting to this corruption, an indulgent mother
substituted the neutral epithet “Tot,” which was in keeping with a mite
in a white frock and blue shoes; but “Tot,” in spite of the glaring
discrepancy, stuck to the man after he had attained his full stature,
and the frock and the shoes had been exchanged for a frock-coat and
Blücher boots.

“I am afraid that will be about it,” said Tot, with all a man’s
barbarous _sang-froid_, in marked contrast to the accent of trepidation
and terror with which Nelly had spoken.


“Serve him right. Why need he play Boswell unasked to Cæsar’s Johnson?”

“But if father would only see that Cæsar is a dreadful brute, and have
him put away in time to save Dash,” she said pleadingly.

“Why, you cannot complain of our father’s predilection, when it is
shared to so great an extent by your silly favourite,” remonstrated
Tot. “It is on the principle of Carlyle’s admiration of Frederick the
Great, and of the present furor for Bismarck,” added Tot, who was fond
of historical parallels. “What do you mean by putting away?” he pressed
Nelly with pitiless directness. “I have no patience with euphemisms,
Nell. Say at once that you would have Cæsar shot or hanged, in order to
protect Dash from the natural consequences of his folly. Well, though I
must say that is a queer kind of justice, by way of mercy, too——”

“Oh! not shot or hanged, Tot. You know I did not mean that,” exclaimed
Nelly piteously, interrupting her brother; “and you do not like Cæsar

“I am perfectly aware that he is a truculent ruffian,” said Tot,
composedly. “He has grossly imposed on the governor. I would see him
despatched with all the pleasure in life——”

“I don’t believe you,” Nelly interrupted him again with energy.

“Wait till I have finished my sentence,” complained Tot. “I was going
to say that while I should have no objection to Cæsar’s meeting his
deserts, I really cannot recognise the propriety of his falling a
sacrifice to the stubborn idiotcy of Dash.”

Cæsar _was_ a truculent ruffian, with hardly a redeeming trait; though,
from his life as a chained-up watch-dog—which, to give the beast his
due, might have helped to brutalise his disposition—he was removed from
the opportunity of doing much mischief, and though he was able with all
his stupidity—and he was as stupid as he was savage—to throw dust in
his master’s eyes. He ought not to have been named for a brave Roman
soldier, granting he did overthrow a republic. Timour or Tippoo was too
good a name for the dog.

You may see him in the illustration—a huge, half-bred brute, without
any of the nobility or magnanimity of the true mastiff. There he lies
sprawling, half out of his den, with his muzzle and his unwieldy paws
guarding a piece of meat, while he glares at you with a jealous scowl.
There is no harmony in his bulk, which, in place of being imposing, is
simply repulsive. The girth of his neck is tremendous, while his bull
head is furnished with comparatively short, thick ears. His broad,
flat, black and red nose is stolid in the extreme, and destitute of
speculation apart from its animal scent.

Yet Cæsar is not without his admirers; not only does his master, worthy
gentleman, refuse to believe that the dog is coarser, more insensate
and vicious than other dogs—there is a poor little weak-minded spaniel
Dash, that hankers after the ugly, hard, selfish tyrant, haunts his
den, and makes timid advances to him.

Dash also is to be seen in the illustration, bowing and begging to
Cæsar. Dash’s silky, wavy hair, prominent eyebrows, pendant ears,
the abject inclination of his head, the slobbering of his tongue in
sneaking kindness—half for Cæsar, half for his piece of meat—are all
keenly characteristic of the spaniel, with his fawning, frightened
ways; and alas! alas! there are in him, along with his gentleness and
surface amiability, the elements of a liar and a traitor.

There cannot be a wider distinction in dog-life, and in the human life
of which, in Landseer’s hands, the first was the type, than that which
exists between the despicable, precarious relations of Cæsar and Dash,
and the chivalrous enduring connection that knit together two such dogs
as figure in the group, “Dignity and Impudence.”

I do not mean that poor Dash’s infatuated _penchant_ for Cæsar—at
the best always surly to him, and whose rude tolerance was bought by
the relish which Cæsar, with other tyrants, had for low flattery—was
entirely a cake and pudding, or, I should say more fitly here, a beef
and bone attachment. I do not wish to imply more than that, in such an
unreasonable, unreasoning passion as that which not unfrequently links
a Dash to a Cæsar, I have generally found beneath the weak creature’s
softness, silliness, flagrant imprudence, and apparent self-abnegation,
a very considerable leaven of self-will and selfishness, with a lively
appreciation of what are to the victim the good things of this life.
Still I am willing to admit these are not the only motives for such a
perverse, well-nigh degrading subjection, and that even the spaniel
Dash entertained an incomprehensible tenderness for the brute Cæsar,
apart from the hope of the reversion of Cæsar’s bones, which, when
thoroughly sated himself, he permitted sometimes to his visitor.

I know there exists an odd fascination in outward inequality, when the
foundations of character are tolerably balanced. It was the brusque
manner and slightly hectoring tones of Tot—who was in the main a
thoroughly kind-hearted fellow, and quite a different character from
Cæsar—that rendered him the favourite brother of his gentlest sister
Nelly. But Nelly, again, was not like Dash; she was, with all her
delicate womanliness, not merely transparent as crystal and true as
steel, but firm as a rock on questions of moment to her; and it is to
cowardly, vacillating natures that I am inclined to ascribe—in addition
to the attraction which boldness has for softness—double motives, and a
constitutional tendency to artful manœuvring and secret defiance.

It was in secret defiance that Dash waited on Cæsar. Dog as he was,
Dash knew perfectly well that he was warned away from the precincts
of the watch-dog’s couch, and that every effort was made to show him
it was not in accordance with his own welfare, any more than with
his owners’ wishes, that he should expose himself to Cæsar’s coarse
companionship and often grisly humour. And Dash had not even the excuse
of the fly for yielding to the wiles of the spider. Cæsar certainly did
not invite the spaniel into his “chamber.” He was neither complacent
nor cunning enough to solicit his satellite’s company; he did no more
than permit it, with a sort of insolent indifference. Dash chose
to risk himself in a combination of credulous vanity, lurking—not
open—naughtiness, misplaced affection, and greed.

The intimacy, if so it could be called, continued in spite of Nelly
Pollard’s prohibitions, and the barriers raised by her—notwithstanding
Tot’s rougher reminders of his duty to the spaniel, and attempts at
coercing Cæsar—till a prolonged howl of terror and anguish arose one
morning, and caused the brother and sister to rush simultaneously—Tot
from his chemical experiments, Nell from her gardening—to the back
court where the watch-dog’s couch stood, and from which the cry

Sure enough, Dash had been a little too importunate, and a shade
indiscreet in his greeting, when Cæsar was engaged with his morning
meal; and the tyrant had leaped upon his slave, rolled him over, and
though Cæsar had thought fit to spare life and limb, he had planted
with his fangs more than one terrible love-token in Dash’s quivering

When Tot and Nelly ran into the court, the criminal retired growling
to his fastness, and Dash, who had actually fainted, lay prostrate and
mangled—a miserable warning to all foolish, wayward dogs and men. He
was loudly bemoaned, tenderly borne off the field, and succoured to the
best of his doctor’s and nurse’s powers—even Tot forgot for the moment
to remark it was Dash’s own blame.

With great care and trouble the spaniel’s wounds were healed; and where
do you think he limped the first time he could drag his shattered
little carcase abroad once more? Not to Tot’s room—though Tot had
expended on the dog every particle of his skill as a medical student;
not to Nelly’s room—though Nelly had prayed to be allowed to have his
basket by her fire, in order to see to his wants during the night—as a
mother watches her baby—and had lost not a few hours of beauty sleep
in consequence. Dash had licked the hands of his doctor and nurse most
impartially all the time they were in attendance on him. He had whined
and wagged his tail, and absolutely grovelled to them, as if they were
the objects of his profoundest gratitude, his lowliest adoration.
Doubtless the dog was grateful, and did love his young friends; but
his own will was more to him than his gratitude, and his fitful
inclinations than his allegiance. It does not sound well in a dog;
yet I have heard and read of such conduct in a man, above all in a
woman, when it was narrated coolly without a word of censure—nay, with
strongly expressed notes of admiration!

The first moment Dash could hobble out by himself, he covertly
disowned Tot and Nelly’s authority, and put to scorn their opinion,
by stealthily seeking the abode of the dog that had all but slain
him. Dash was detected begging forgiveness of Cæsar for having so
nearly proved his victim, instead of awarding forgiveness on his own
account. He was at his old trick of toad-eating, with pauses between
times, to recover his lapsed strength, and to peer round so as to avoid
observation. If any one calls such an action pathetic, so cannot I. If
any one admires such fickleness and faithlessness where true and tried
friendship was concerned, such annihilation of right principle and
self-respect before the idle fancy of a day, I do not, and never will.

Tot and Nelly had no resource but to keep Dash a close prisoner, in
order to save him from the worst death a dog can die, till Cæsar was
guilty of another fierce outbreak, and this time, as it had a man and
not a dog for its victim, he was summarily sentenced to the death which
he richly deserved.

Dash was released, went on the sly to Cæsar’s empty couch, and sniffed
once all round it wonderingly. But his moan was soon made; he did not
raise a single useless lamentation, for such weak dogs have often a
curious counter-vein of extreme rationality and worldly wisdom. He at
once transferred his homage to a lazy, phlegmatic sheep-dog, and, for
any sign that could be seen, completely forgot his late savage crony.





DIFFERENT generations are marked by their different favourites,
especially among those who have the means and the leisure for the
cultivation of such predilections, in newly introduced animals and
plants. Even human beings are included in this category, and so we
had an era of dwarfs and an era of black boys, as half-attendants,
half-playthings for fine ladies and gentlemen. Among the lower animals
there was a monkey period and a macaw period, both of which have
passed away in a great measure. Among plants we have had the seasons
when dahlias and pansies first came into vogue and became objects of
absorbing interest, and the year which saw the importation of the
glorious Tom Thumb geranium.

Dogs are no exception to this influence of fashion, so that there is a
double sense in which “every dog has its day.” Even living persons have
seen many canine candidates for such honours. The spotted Danish hound
had his day, so had the bouncing, curly, jet black Newfoundland, the
grand liver-coloured mastiff, the fierce white bull-dog, the hideous
crooked-legged turnspit, the hardly less ugly, long-bodied, pig-headed
boar-hound, the Pomeranian, with its sleek hair and fox’s head, and the
little cocker, with its indescribably comical, crushed-up nose.

The origin of some of these manias must have been whimsical enough; but
our concern is with the fact that in the reign of the first Charles
there became prominent as pets in England a race of small dogs known
as the King Charles spaniel, and that at a later period the Blenheim
spaniel came into notice. Both races were and are aristocrats of the
first water, connected in the very names of the species with royal and
ducal houses.

I speak as an ignorant woman; but my impression is, that the King
Charles is of French nationality, and that the little brute not only
came to England in the train of pretty, foolish, flighty Henrietta
Maria, but that it made its appearance in Scotland two generations
earlier, in the suite of the beautiful and miserable Mary Stewart.
Unless tradition lie, such a dog crept beside the block at Fotheringhay—

  “The little dog that licked her hand, the last of all the crowd
   Which sunned themselves beneath her glance, and round her footsteps

King Charles spaniels were at a premium in England in the reigns of
the two sovereigns of that name. I don’t doubt that they were under a
cloud during the Protectorate, and that stout Oliver Cromwell owned
none of them; but we find one in the study of Sir Isaac Newton, in its
ignorant unconsciousness working dire mischief among the philosopher’s
priceless calculations, and drawing down on its empty head the mildest
rebuke—“Diamond, Diamond! thou little knowest the mischief thou hast
done.” However, I think the spaniels fell somewhat into disgrace, in
consequence of the bad company they kept in the second Charles’ reign;
and because that most unheroic of merry monarchs played with his little
dogs, and fed his ducks, when he ought to have been fighting the Dutch
on the Thames, or relieving the sufferers in plague-stricken London.

No doubt, in the archives of the house of Marlborough there is an
account of the rise of the Blenheim dogs; but though I bow to the
authority of Landseer, I am driven to conclude them a more modern
“fancy,” even as the renown of Blenheim has its origin in John
Churchill, and his victories in Queen Anne’s reign. Yet here are a King
Charles and a Blenheim lying side by side, one of them on the very
brim of a cavalier’s steeple-crowned hat, with its ostrich feather.
The black and tan of the King Charles, relieved by a little white here
and there, contrasts admirably with the mass of milky white, picked
out with liver-colour, in the Blenheim. The silkiness of their long
flapping ears is only matched by the glossy texture of their coats
and the featheriness of their tails. Their soft paws are made for
begging, or for resting their faces between them, as in the case of the
Blenheim in the illustration. Their eyes are big, with an odd jumble
of wilfulness and beseeching, like the eyes of some spoiled children.
They are the loveliest and the idlest little pets in the world. They
are adepts at coaxing and caressing, which form, indeed, a large part
of their stock-in-trade—not that they are necessarily insincere, but
they are very useless, very dependent, and they can but fondle like
a child, as a small return for all the care and kindness lavished
upon them. They are made to be decked in ribbons, not as part of a
grand festive display—when even a huge gaunt Flora may submit to the
unsuitable accompaniment, simply to do honour to the occasion—but
because frippery of knots and bows belongs to them as to babies and
beauties and dandies. The little dogs like their ribbons as they like
their combings, washings, and gay baskets, all of which bigger dogs
would look upon as an unmitigated nuisance.

Withal, the King Charleses and the Blenheims have one serious personal
disadvantage. Their voices are not like Cordelia’s, low and sweet,
neither are they, of course, sonorous, like the voice of a big dog.
They have a high-pitched, thin, wearisome yelp, which, when they are
vexed or angry, becomes painfully querulous, or peevishly vixenish.

All the other dogs we have discussed could do something for their
living, besides looking pretty, wriggling and chasing their tails. Even
Carlo could course when he was requested; but Roi—or Roy, as his name
was corrupted into old English—and Reine were destitute of resources
beyond the simple ones mentioned. Were those gifts enough to entitle
the dogs to the daintiest maintenance? Were the shallow creatures
worthy of being a man’s companions and friends? Alas! if our receipts
were measured by our deserts, many of us would fare but badly. The
little dogs were endowed with one quality which we may be thankful
appeals more forcibly than any other to the hearts of men—not of weak
men alone or principally, but of the manliest and most generous of
their kind. Roy and Reine were helpless as delicate women and feeble
children, and in that very helplessness lay their charm to the strong
and capable, who were not bullies in their strength, or arrogant in
their power.

I do not say that there is not a subtle flattery and deep danger
in this appeal of weakness to strength. I do not pretend that it
has not ruined, unawares, many a Samson, destroying him by his very
magnanimity. But I do hold that the tenderness for beings at men’s
mercy belongs to one of the noblest, gentlest instincts of the human
heart, and that it is not only chivalrous in its development, it is,
when rightly judged, profoundly Christian in its sympathies.

Roy and Reine lived considerably more than two hundred years ago, when
there was another England from the one we live in to-day, an England of
keen political strife. (Well, perhaps that is peculiar to no time, or
at least occurs periodically once in every generation.) But it was also
an England of such civil war and bloodshed, polluting its fresh fields,
and darkening its peaceful hearths, as happily has not been seen since
then—not when Monmouth was routed at Sedgemoor—not when the last James
fled in his turn, and William of Orange landed, and appropriated
the crown left vacant, which became twin circlets for his head and
Mary’s—not when Bonnie Prince Charlie—a fatal title, which could not
give way to anything more trustworthy—marched with his Highlanders as
far south as Derby.

Charles the First and his Star Chamber, with his French queen and
her French manœuvres, had turned the people of England against
their government. The last Parliaments had proved either divided or
rebellious. John Hampden had refused to pay the illegal ship-money; the
train bands had been mustered; the whole country had risen to arms.
England was parted into two warlike camps, Royalist and Roundhead.

We can see now that there were good and devoted men on both sides,
and of every shade of opinion. We can think dispassionately of Lord
Falkland the Royalist, and Colonel Hutchinson the Roundhead—of Milton
and Andrew Marvel on the one hand, and Jeremy Taylor on the other. But
it was fearfully difficult then—in the midst of bitter accusations,
hard blows, and cruel wrongs, inflicted almost inevitably by both the
contending parties—to distinguish that there was any merit, or any
quality save base subserviency or turbulent anarchy, on that side which
differed from the faction of the person speaking.

It would be no easy task to decide which of the camps indulged most
largely in abusing and slandering the other; but it belonged to the
nature of things, and to the characteristics of the men and their
leaders, that the Cavaliers, taking them all in all, were the most
careless and reckless in the expression of their feelings. It was part
of the profession of every Cavalier, from Prince Rupert downwards, to
be easy-minded and light-hearted, as he was loyal, to the backbone. He
made it a matter of honour that his joviality should be a proof that
his conscience was clear, and his cause that of the divine right of
kings and the unquestioning obedience of subjects. The very nickname,
“crop-eared knave,” which one man applied to his adversary, as opposed
to the term “malignant,” given by the Puritan to the Cavalier, showed
the light scorn of complacent superiority pitted against deadly
earnestness and desperate condemnation.

As it happened in the long run, to their mutual profit, the stout
defiant Cavaliers were forced to respect the equally stout and dogged
Roundheads, and to carry rueful hearts within their bold breasts under
their bluff exteriors; and the Roundheads were compelled to grant grace
to men who—in spite of their effeminate love-looks, the levity of their
songs, even the profanity of their oaths—struggled against defeat like
Englishmen, endured like men, and, with all their follies and sins,
were the countrymen and neighbours of their conquerors. As they were
human and Christian, these conquerors could not see the beaten foemen
biting the dust and wallowing in their blood silently, and think of
the near and far halls and granges which these deaths, that were their
deed, would leave desolate, without groaning in spirit over some of the
fruits of victory, even while the fighters were persuaded it was the
Lord’s triumph over the Man of Sin and Satan.

Roy and Reine’s master was a Cavalier, a man in the prime of life, who
had seen the loss of a good many things he valued, before the civil war
deprived him at last of his already dilapidated old court, and sent him
adrift to wander in disguise here and there, and lie in hiding till
better days came round, and the King should enjoy his own again. He
was a Master Neville of the Alders, himself a scion, and his estate a
fragment, of what had been, so far back as the Wars of the Roses, the
mighty Neville family, with their vast domains.

When peace yet prevailed in England, and the storm was only brewing in
the sky, Master Neville went to court and ruffled it with the best.
He was then a young man, and made a picturesque figure in his slashed
velvet satin doublet, his long Spanish leather boots, his falling
collar, and just such a hat and feather as is to be seen in the
picture, shading one of those swarthy oval faces which the peaked beard
of the time became, while his dark hair was suffered to grow, and was
tied by a ribbon—such as Roy and Reine are represented wearing—till
it hung in one long scented curl down his back. He was by no means
so destitute of resources as Roy and Reine were, apart from their
beauty and their winning ways. He was a bold, dashing, clever enough
young fellow, rather accomplished for his day. He could not compose a
madrigal like Lovelace, but he could sing it after it was composed. He
could fence, dance, fight, even speak when graceful fluent oratory was
all that was called for. He could bandy a jest with a court wit, and
manage a pageant with a master of the ceremonies.

In those days Master Neville married a court beauty in white satin
and pearls, with her yellow hair crisped in curls all round her pink
and white face, and brought her down to the Alders. The two did not
tarry long there with all their charms and accomplishments; the
simplicity and quiet of the country were too much for them, and they
were attracted back without fail to London, with its splendid court and
ceaseless stir, its water-parties and masks, cabals and intrigues, in
which the husband and wife played their parts in such company as that
of arrogant, magnificent Buckingham, and fair, frivolous Lucy Percy,
Countess of Carlisle.

But such company was neither safe nor economical for a mere aspiring
squire and his sympathetic madam. Many a fine oak and beech at the
Alders, and even some of its massive silver plate, paid for the master
and mistress’s addiction to town living with its extravagance.

At last there was an enforced retreat to the court, after it had been
stripped and impoverished of its most prized treasures, when the
nakedness of the land was a constant eye-sore and reproach to its
reluctantly returned owners. They had never cultivated the graces of
patience and contentment, and they had no gift which could lighten the
dreary monotony of what threatened to be a long banishment from their
paradise. They might have drifted fast into the evil refuge of bandying
reproaches and recriminations, and quarrelling away the dragging hours,
as Roy and Reine did not quarrel over their bits of sugar biscuit—only
madam was about as pretty, silly, and easily affectionate as the little
dogs, with no more exasperating practices of fretting and scolding
than they gave way to at times; so that Master Neville, who remained
perfectly conscious that he was a being more fully armed and highly
endowed, could not find it in his heart to blame her severely, or to
wreak on her a revenge for his own misdoings.

Doubtless he had been a little disappointed in her. In the days of
his young love, when he had extolled her yellow hair and pink and
white cheeks, he could hardly have contemplated mating himself to an
intellectual baby, who was never to grow any older—rather she was to
him then an embryo goddess, who was shortly to find her wisdom and
power. But he had enough justice to admit that the disappointment
was not her fault, and he took compensation in a certain amusement
which he found in his wife’s simplicity, as in that of Roy and Reine,
combined as it was with a due regard for him, and as much admiration
and reverence for his superior faculties as really narrow natures are
capable of; for be it remembered that essentially narrow natures, which
are circumscribed both morally and intellectually, can only compass a
languid and limited amount of admiration and reverence.

Master Neville was fairly kind and indulgent to his wife, though
men would have said that she had not been of the least service to
him—unless it be service to foster conceit, abet prodigality, and raise
an idle laugh. But men take a good deal upon them when they place
restrictions on the services of any creature that God has made, though
man may have done his best to mar it, while out of evil God brings
forth good. It might be that the protecting impulse which Madam Neville
drew forth in her husband preserved in him the seed of better things,
and kept him from being a harder and worse man than he became.

Then a strain of human sadness—all the more ineffable that it sounded
strangely foreign to the poor genteel comedy—entered into it. Madam
Neville’s children, that she had borne and spoiled in sheer weakness,
died one after another. Their mother, who would have been quickly
consoled—like a child to whom another toy is substituted for that which
has been removed—only that she was soon spent by a little watching and
weeping, fell into a rapid consumption before she could throw off her
grief, and followed her children.

The world looked on as at the crushing of a butterfly, or the
introducing of a tragic pathos into the soulless life of a fairy. But
there was a soul in this stunted human fairy, while a butterfly was
the ancients’ emblem of immortality; so good Master Arundel comforted
himself, as he strove with all his might to introduce a supernatural
element which should give a new aspect to the apparently pitiless
destruction, and cause it to be, after all, a miracle of divine mercy.

No question but Master Neville felt the double bereavement—the very
shock of it strewed silver threads in his black hair. But he was one of
those men who, with an outward frankness of address, keep their inner
lives as sealed books from their neighbours—almost, it would seem,
from the men themselves. He made no sign as he sat alone in his empty
hall, drank his flagon of wine or tankard of ale, and professed to busy
himself with his steward’s accounts, the flies for his fishing, or the
play-books he was fond of studying. He rode, and hunted, and visited
his neighbours much as usual. There might be a shade of greater reserve
and sternness in his manner, and he was in no haste to replace the
madam who was gone by a new madam to preside over the old court; but he
was still a man who trolled his song, took his wild jest, and rather
made a parade of his half-boisterous, half-sardonic philosophy.

But he always spared kindly notice for Roy and Reine—made them be seen
to, had them about him, playing with them, pulling their long ears,
teaching them tricks, praising and rewarding them with tit-bits—only
not plaguing them so much as of old—not more than the creatures liked
now. He certainly preferred the small encumbrances to any fox-hound or
lurcher in his kennel, which had brought him credit, or secured him a
prey. He would sooner suffer inconvenience himself than have Roy and
Reine disturbed; he would shrug his broad shoulders and take another
seat, to the great disgust of his old housekeeper, when he found
the two nestling together, fast asleep, in the depths of his great

The vicar’s eyes used to moisten when he came upon the tall strong man
and his pets. “I suppose their utter unconsciousness, together with
their fondness, doth soothe the soreness and the void in his heart,”
said Master Arundel to himself; “and their entire dependence on him
makes an appeal to the tenderness that is at the bottom of Master
Neville’s imperious, boastful nature.”

The time came when Master Neville, with every man of any mind or energy
in the country, was roused by the state of public affairs—when he had
no longer leisure to manufacture his flies and ponder over his stage
saws—when he was rarely at home, or else had a host of company with
him. Riders and runners—posts, with carefully sealed and disposed of
letters, were constantly drawing bridle, or pausing footsore under
the gateway of the court. There was an eager rummaging out of rusty
matchlocks and swords, and an arming and marshalling of the servants,
and such tenants as Master Neville’s example and authority constrained.
At last a compact band of some twenty or thirty retainers, with
the squire—looking a proper man in his glittering steel morion and
breastplate—dashed with a flourish out of the courtyard.

But first Master Neville stood ready to start in the hall, and looked
for an instant all around him, from the musicians’ gallery to the deep
recesses of the window that were draped with clematis and jessamine.
There was nobody to take leave of save Roy and Reine, till Dame
Hynd, covertly wiping her eyes, stole to the door, under pretence of
receiving her master’s last orders, for he was not a man who could
brook spying on his privacy, or an unsolicited intrusion into states of
feeling which he did not confess even to himself, whether the offender
were intimate friend or old servant. She discovered Master Neville, in
what looked like a reverie, drawing Roy’s ears through the fingers of
one hand, and holding up a finger of the other to enjoin on Reine the
refraining from that jealousy to which she was prone.

“I am afraid the little brutes will have forgot my pretty lessons, and
will be as stupid and fat as yourself, dame, before I return,” he said,
with a mixture of mockery and rudeness, testy at the interruption;
and then he turned and begged her to forgive him, with an odd candid
sweetness that went far to breaking her heart. “Very likely that day
will never come, and so you will not mind this piece of impudence any
more than the rest of my offences. You will keep the house, though it
be for my worshipful cousin and heir, and see that, so far as you can
help it, neither old horse nor dog” (he was somewhat ashamed of his
partiality for the foolish spaniels, and thus did not particularise
them further), “which I am leaving behind me, come to grief. And you
will wish me good-bye and good luck; hey, dame?”

It was a breezy summer morning when Master Neville rode away at the
head of his band. It was a foggy winter day, with years between, when
he came back, attended by no more than two followers, and, shrouded
in the early darkness of a December afternoon, sought to get into the
old court, to spend a single night there. His arrival was unexpected;
but though it had been otherwise, neither Dame Hynd, who remembered
not only his marriage but his baptism, nor any other attached family
friend, dared have made the least demonstration of joy and welcome.

Fortune, or the will of Providence, had been against Master Neville and
his cause. The King’s troops had been beaten again and again, alike in
fenced cities and in the open field, before three weary men, soiled
with travel and rough living, approached by back ways and side gates,
skulking in the gloom into the house of which one of them was the

“Alack and well-a-day!” cried Dame Hynd, wringing her hands at the
sorry plight of a gallant gentleman.

“It is the fortune of war, dame,” he cried, relishing condolence as
little as ever. He liked better the greeting of Roy and Reine, that
no Parliament or Lord Protector or Fairfax’s men in the neighbourhood
could prevent—timid creatures though the welcomers were—from rushing
to hail his arrival, with acclamation, little ringing yelps, much
scuttling to and fro and clambering up his legs, with lavish licking of
his muddy boots.

Having heard that the vicar was from home—indeed the worthy man
was in hiding with greater sinners—Master Neville proceeded to the
business which had brought him there—the destruction of private papers,
in anticipation of a visit to his house from a detachment of the
Parliamentary army.

“I don’t think you have anything to fear at the rogues’ hands,” he told
his housekeeper, as he prepared to leave again in the dank dawn of
the next morning. “You have my leave to speak them fair. As for me, I
think I shall make the country quit of me—like others I will not name;
God be praised, they are out of danger;” and he raised his beaver for
an instant—“till better times. I see my way to the coast, and I shall
do my best to survive a term of existence in some wretched mouldy or
whitewashed French or Dutch town. Why, I should not care to carry off
my beauties with me to bear me company,” he cried on a sudden impulse,
catching up Roy and Reine, the one after the other, and depositing
them in the deep pockets of his coat. He had often stowed them there
when they were wearied with trotting at his heels in his walks in the
park or the meadows—or when he passed through his herds of cattle,
of which the little spaniels were inordinately afraid, so that if he
forgot them they would grovel unperceived in some furrow, and lie
there panting and half-dead with terror, though the oxen were not even
looking at them, till he missed them and returned to search for, rally,
and fetch them home.

“I wot you’ll take something there’s more sense in, master,”
remonstrated Dame Hynd, loath to oppose him at such a moment, yet
driven almost past her patience by the freak.

“There is sense enough in the proposal,” he insisted. “They are my
esteemed play-fellows, and they may serve me for a breakfast some
fine morning, when hunger craves and all other provisions fail,” he
added, in allusion to the Cavaliers’ favourite jest of one of Rupert’s
troopers, when they were riding through a town in the Puritan interest,
snatching up a fat baby, and poising it screaming before him on the
crupper of his saddle, as he announced, amidst a grinning roar of
assent from his comrades—while the horrified populace mobbed them,
raging powerlessly—that here would be a nice roast wherewith to break a
long fast.

Master Neville, with the little dogs in his pockets, turned away
laughing from the old home which he might never see again.

The Cavalier squire proved wrong in his calculation as to gaining the
coast forthwith; instead, he had to go through a lengthened experience
of that most humiliating ordeal to a man—fleeing before the enemies
he has despised. He had to move here and there in various irksome
disguises—to seek help from friends ill able to afford it—to elude the
vigilance of wide-awake, sometimes vindictive foes—to endure no scant
measure of pains and penalties. But, through all, he never abandoned
the poor pets with which he had rashly cumbered himself.

Occasionally, when he was so well up in the world as to represent a
pedlar, with his pack on his back, vending his wares from one country
house to another, or from town to town, he would display the little
animals openly, and freely admit they had belonged to a gentleman in
trouble. Then if some grave father or mother, brother or friend, so far
relaxed in their lofty scorn of all toys as to propose to chaffer for
the dogs in behalf of a doted-on grandson or a tender-hearted maiden,
the reputed pedlar would excuse himself in a flow of specious words,
explaining, with a double meaning in the assertion, that he was only
conveying the dogs for their rightful owner, and had no warrant to
dispose of them.

At other times, when Master Neville was playing the beggar, asking alms
from door to door, he had cunningly to conceal Roy and Reine, lest he
should become liable to the suspicion of having stolen them.

The dogs and their master shared and fared alike, and though they had
good days and bad days, it soon befell that Roy and Reine, who had
been reared on dainties, and who had at first turned up their noses in
disgust, like petted children, at plain food, and rather gone without a
meal than deigned to touch it, were fain, like Master Neville, to eat
heartily and thankfully of homely scraps. Though all three were often
hungry enough before they came to this pass, I need not say that the
day never dawned when the Cavalier was reduced to kindling a fire in
the shelter of the hedge, gipsy fashion, and cooking Roy and Reine for
breakfast, dinner, or supper.

But another day arrived when the prescribed fugitive had wandered many
a mile, and sat down faint and weary by a brooklet that crossed his
path. He had turned aside for the purpose into a little wood through
which the stream gurgled. It was a golden harvest day, with the green
of the fern changing to straw-colour, and the leaves of the wild
cherry-trees becoming brushed with crimson. He could hear the hearty
voices of the reapers from a cornfield beyond the wood in which he
had taken shelter; but there was no harvest or ingathering for Master
Neville. He scrupled even to draw near to his fellow-creatures and ask
grace from them in their rejoicing, since he was in a specially hostile

However, it was not his way to complain. He sat and courted repose
after his fatigue, while he listened to the trill of the robin which
was taking up the fuller song of earlier song-birds. He had a hunch of
bread in his wallet, and he prepared to divide it with Roy and Reine.

The little dogs had lost much of their sleekness and trimness. No
ribbons adorned their necks; their master had cut off the last faded
rag long ago. As he watched them listlessly, he was sorry to see the
tokens of adversity in their roughening coats, in the griminess of
Reine, which gave her white livery a strong resemblance to the greasy
shabbiness of a disreputable white kitten that has run the gauntlet of
all the pots and pans in a kitchen. Then he glanced at his own ragged
sleeve and at the weather-stained skin beneath, and reflected that the
appearance of the dogs was in keeping with that of their master.

Reine certainly did not take ill with reverses; though she was getting
up in years, she was more frisky than he recollected to have known
her. As he was about to give her the crust which was her due, she
voluntarily stood up on her hind legs, and, quite ignoring the fact
that dancing was prohibited by the Puritans, began to execute a _pas
seul_ which he had taught her when he was an idle gentleman and she
a pampered favourite in the hall of the Alders. The spectacle of the
dirty, dishevelled little dog, in the untoward circumstances, capering
demurely, of her own accord, like Queen Elizabeth before the Scotch
Ambassador, overcame a man in whom a sense of the ridiculous was
naturally strong, and he laughed till the tears ran down his battered

Afterwards his attention was drawn to Roy, that was not joining in
the dance, and had only sniffed at the bit of bread he had already
received. The action had not been disdainful, as of old, but wistful,
and with a certain heaviness before the dog turned away from his meal,
and crept back, with hanging head and drooping tail, to crouch down
near his master. Master Neville remembered that Roy had fallen behind
in the morning’s walk. He spoke encouragingly to the dog, and invited
him to his knee, which had always been a coveted couch and throne of
honour with the little pair.

But all Roy’s response was to look up with the eyes which were so
like a child’s, dim and glazing over, to draw a shivering sigh, to
utter a little whimper of distress in which there was the most piteous
meek resignation, and to make one final effort to drag himself nearer
for help and comfort to his master, in which the dog’s head fell
helplessly on Master Neville’s worn boot.

“Ah! has it come to this, my dog?” cried Master Neville, bending
hastily over the slightly convulsed limbs. “Poor little soul!” he said
to the creature which had no soul; “I would give much to lend the help
you ask;” and he groaned as his own misfortunes had never forced a
groan from his lips—not since another than Roy had appealed to him for
aid which he could not bestow.

In a second it was all over, and Reine, with an instinct of something
wrong about her motionless companion, had not only given over dancing,
but leaped scared into her master’s arms, to which he had bidden Roy in

It was only the death of a little dog to him who had lost wife and
children, house and lands, and position—who had seen the ghastly
horrors of battle-fields, and known his King lay down his head on the

But at this moment his own powerlessness to save, together with his
loneliness, his utter loneliness, if Reine should die likewise, pressed
sorely on Master Neville. He saw once more the young bride he had
brought to the Alders, while the sound of his children’s pattering
feet came again into his ears. He looked back on the thoughtlessness
and vanity of his early manhood, on the hours he had wasted, and the
opportunities he had lost, never to return. He recalled words he
had heard Master Arundel say in the pulpit and out of it. He even
remembered what he had witnessed of the conviction of the Puritans,
that their God was ever with them to sustain and satisfy.

Master Neville gathered himself up, dug a hole in the ground with his
pocket-knife, and buried away Roy. He trudged on his road with Reine.
The very next day he heard of the long looked for means of leaving
England. He was successful in making his way to the seaport. He sailed
and reached Holland, where he found friends and assistance for his
destitution, till an adventurous soldier like Monk, chiming in with the
reactionary spirit of the hour, restored the King, and gave back to the
Cavaliers, who were in exile with him, their country, and what was left
of their possessions and careers.

Master Neville dwelt once more at the court, with Dame Hynd reinstated
as his housekeeper; but it could not be said of him, as it was recorded
of the royal Stewarts and Bourbons, that in their absence from their
kingdoms they had learned nothing and forgotten nothing. He was a more
sober-minded and gentler-hearted man for his troubles. One incident
which he never forgot was that half-hour in the wood when the ferns
were getting sere, and the leaves growing red and yellow—when Reine
danced and Roy died, and their master sat and looked on, a broken-down,
forlorn man.






ONE of the most successful and popular of Sir Edward Landseer’s
delineations is the picture, “Dignity and Impudence.” It is even better
known and more widely prized than his exquisitely comical sick dog,
that is so sorry for itself, while the keeper is examining its paw; and
his deeply pathetic “Last Mourner,” in which the shepherd’s dog keeps
solitary watch by its master’s coffin.

The noble mastiff lies stately and serene, his vast bulk tempered by
his perfect proportions, and by a gait worthy of the king of dogs. His
well-opened hazel eyes look with honest straightforwardness full in
your face. His huge ears hang down quietly. His jaws are closed and
overlapped by his deep jowl. He is the _beau-ideal_ of strength in
restraint and repose, as he lies there with one paw, like that of a
lion’s cub, hanging idly over the framework of his couch, and the other
half-turned inwards, as if he were about to put it on his heart, in
token of the true gentleman he is.

From within the same pent-house, where he is freely tolerated as a
lively child companion, protrudes the small confident head—bristling
with hair, the knowing little ears erect, the tongue half-thrust out
at one side, equivalent to being stuck in the cheek—of the briskest,
most undaunted of terriers. I suppose it is because we all know many
versions—both human and canine—of this pair of friends, that we are so
fond of looking at them and admiring their union in diversity.

I can never see “Dignity and Impudence” without thinking of a couple
of dogs belonging to friends of mine, and that were said to bear a
striking and exact resemblance to the dogs in the picture. I had not
the good fortune to know this living “Dignity and Impudence,” though
I long looked forward to the pleasure; but I happened to hear a great
deal of them, and registered their traits with interest.

Wallace and Dick were north-country dogs, as is evidenced by the
name of the first—he would have been Bevis in England. They dwelt
within sight of a purple spur of the Grampians, known as the Braes
of Angus. Their home was a hospitable farm-house, among fresh breezy
uplands, with that element of breadth and freedom which belongs to
hill countries, where, side by side with the cultivated fields, lies
a wide moor and remnant of ancient forest, and where the ground is
broken—and now falls gradually in a sunny slope—now dips abruptly
into a shady dell, or den, as we call it in Scotland. The last is a
place of spreading beeches, feathery larches, waving birks, and a
great wealth of ferns and wild flowers in spring and early summer,
and with a never-failing wimpling burn threading its recesses. It
is quite distinct from a wild heathery glen. The neighbourhood to
which I allude has quaint old mansions, some of which existed in the
stirring times when the glens and dens served as passes for “John
Hielandman,” rustling in his plaid and kilt, and bristling with his
claymore and skene-dhu. He did not bring down cattle—long-horned
kylies—like the modern drover, but came, saw, and lifted what “nowt”
he fancied on lowland pastures, goading them up among the mountains to
the headquarters of the chief and his dhuinnewassels. An ancient town
with steep, narrow streets, having a feudal castle on a tree-crowned
rock above a brawling river, and the remains of an abbey, is the market
town of the district. On the road to this town one has a glimpse from a
distance of the silver shield of the German ocean, with a larger town
on its brink.

Wallace and Dick could not have been more highly favoured in the
matter of locality, though they had been lovers of the picturesque—not
the picturesque on a stage scale, but the quality which is large and
primitive—and though they had deliberately gratified their æsthetic
tastes by pitching their tents in this region, which is fresh on
the hottest summer day, and has a bracing keenness, not a chill
sluggishness, in its winter cold.

Wallace came first to the farm-house a tremendous puppy, for the most
part generous and docile in his conscious power, but not without
elements of savageness and danger in him, if he were suffered to grow
up undisciplined.

I have heard his master tell that, when Wallace was a young dog, one
winter night he took more than his own share of the hearthrug, on which
his master’s solitary chair was also drawn up. The man, desiring more
space to move in, gave the dog an unceremonious push, which roused in
him such lurking ill-humour as besets us all at times; only Wallace
was a mighty brute, unsupplied with the reins of reason and conscience
wherewith to check his passions, and furnished on the other hand with
the instinct of quick retaliation and fierce, disproportioned revenge.
He gave a low growl, like muttered thunder, and made a half-spring at
his master, who recognised on the instant that an unexpected crisis had
come, which was to settle whether he was to be the master of the beast
or the beast was to be his master, and which placed for the moment his
very life in danger. Acting on the impulse of self-preservation, rather
than on any deliberate design, he snatched up the poker, and dealt the
dog a blow which felled him, and left him stunned and motionless. Quick
remorse followed the deed, as the assailant asked himself, had he slain
his comrade outright on the spot, and that for the merest ebullition of
temper? If Wallace had betrayed some traces of the savage, who else had
been cruel in unsparing punishment?

But Wallace came to himself almost before his master could make the
compunctious reflection, rose and took himself off with lowered crest
and submissive head and tail, clearly acknowledging himself beaten,
and as clearly evincing the extreme of shame, for having been guilty
of provoking the unequal contest. Unlike man, the dog bore no malice
for his defeat; it simply called out in him that unswerving loyalty
which has no parallel. From that day to the hour of his death, in a
ripe old age, Wallace never again disputed his master’s sovereign will,
or disobeyed his direct command, but awarded him the most devoted
allegiance. The dog’s great strength, his solid sense for a dog, his
rare magnanimity, were, from the era of his conquest, laid, together
with his fervent attachment, at the feet of his conqueror—for the dog
is another St. Christopher.

Under the influence of this absolute submission[A] to his master,
rather than from any mere superficial cleverness, such as may be
readily found in mere trick-performing dogs, Wallace could be taught
a variety of acquirements, and was in the end so accomplished a dog
that I fear I cannot call to mind a tithe of his attainments. I believe
he could sit up in any attitude or assumption of character, or throw
down his body in any required posture, and remain so for a given time.
He could mimic swimming at the word of command. He could constitute
himself a pony for little children—indeed he was not less than some
Shetland ponies—and he would carry them decorously round the room or
the garden on his back. He could—and this was probably the hardest
task of all—at his master’s bidding, lie down in a meadow where a
herd of cattle fed, and permit the whole of the oxen to gather lowing
round him, and even to lick him with their rough tongues, without his
stirring or offering the smallest resistance.

Wallace was somewhat up in years before Dick came on the scene. He also
arrived at the farm-house a puppy, but it was not at first intended
that he should remain there. The master of the house had kindly
procured Dick with the intention of giving him to a friend when he
himself became so enamoured of the little dog’s briskness and pluck,
and at the same time so persuaded that these qualities would be wasted
in the quiet life of the woman for whom Dick had been originally got,
that he substituted another and more suitable dog, and kept the little
man for his own portion.

As I have been assured, there never was a blyther, bolder, more
irrepressible spirit than that which lodged in the body of the small
terrier. Like his friend Wallace, he needed to be tamed, and to the
last he could not stand teasing for any length of time without a strong
inclination to show his fine white teeth in a way which was not play.
The fact was, that on these occasions he got into a white heat of rage,
in which he was in danger of ceasing to be master of his actions.

Once, when Dick was a young dog, under some provocation he flew at and
slightly bit his mistress, who had no resource but to show him the
iniquity of the deed in a manner which, I believe, is effectual when
it is possible to practise it. According to strict injunctions as to
the conduct required in the circumstances, and in the stern necessity
of preventing a repetition of the offence, which might have cost the
life of the offender, she caught Dick by the refractory cuff of his
neck, carried him to the door of a room into which she could throw him
when the time came, and while holding him in the air—which is the great
secret of the effectiveness of the punishment, since the culprit feels
himself, during the infliction, absolutely powerless in the grasp of
the dispenser of justice—cuffed him soundly, and then flung him from
her into the open door at hand, closing it quickly after him, and so
preventing any possibility of a hostile attack from the dog while still
writhing and struggling under his penalty. The result was, that the
tender-hearted young mistress withdrew sick from giving the painful
lesson she had been imperatively called on to teach. But, as in the
case of Wallace, and as in that of the mastiff which Emily Brontë cowed
by one box in the ear, the lesson had been learned thoroughly; Dick
never again, unless in such an instance of wilful protracted teasing as
I have referred to, took to biting his friends.

His affection was as ardent as his temper was quick, and the
convulsions of delight, the ecstatic caresses he lavished on members
of the family when they returned from a temporary absence, were
demonstrations to see rather than to hear of.

Dick is said to have been the most entertaining companion in a walk,
always making amusing discoveries, full of the freshest zest and the
most unwearied energy. He had a passion for sport, of which I shall
have more to say hereafter; but, sport or no sport, he never failed to
find objects of interest on his way, and to impart the interest to his
fortunate companion.

Like Wallace, Dick could be easily induced to go through a variety of
tricks—which, in my opinion, are slightly disparaging to very sensible
or bright dogs, seeing that these tricks are purely artificial,
entirely distinct from the dog’s natural sagacity and genuine feats,
and can be imparted, if proper pains be taken, to far inferior
dogs—I mean dogs that have merely the faculty of mimicry, apart from
intuition, steadfastness, and a power of love which makes wise. One of
Dick’s many tricks was to go through the form of sitting in his own
chair at table with the family when they were at meals (though his food
was taken elsewhere), and of speaking when he was told—that is, at a
certain word and sign, starting off in his own dog language of yelping
and whining, till he was requested to be quiet.

From his introduction to the farm as a puppy, Dick entertained an
immense admiration—rapidly progressing, in a dog of his frank,
confident character, into a trustful, rather encroaching affection—for
the veteran Wallace. The mastiff responded by testifying the most
amiable indulgence for his liliputian friend. The indulgence proved its
own reward, for there was no question that the eager, joyous little dog
brought some of its own eagerness and joy into what was becoming the
fading, failing life of his mighty ally.

A ludicrous position which the dogs often assumed has been described
to me. Wallace had the usual sterlingly honest dog’s aversion to
tramps and disreputable characters (in the dog’s eyes). Dick shared
this repugnance; but in spite of his constitutional audacity, he was
apt to mingle discretion with his valour here. When a particularly
ill-looking traveller approached the farm gate, where Wallace and Dick
were on sentry, Dick had a custom of nimbly insinuating himself between
Wallace’s fore paws and standing upright beneath the arch of the chest
without difficulty; from this vantage-ground he would issue his sharp
volley of barks as a rattling accompaniment to the bass cannon-like
boom of Wallace’s challenge.

When the two dogs lay down to sleep, Dick would take the most manifest
advantage of his friend’s neck, or shoulder, or side, nestling himself
within or against it, for the promotion of his own warmth and ease,
without sustaining the least rebuke from the gentle giant.

Sometimes when Dick wished a game of play, for which Wallace felt
himself quite too old, Dick would beset his friend like a little
pestering spoiled child, pawing and pulling, and making darts and dabs
at Wallace’s ears, which would have nearly covered Dick’s body, or
at the jaw, one shake from which would have dismissed the life from
the little dog in a twinkling. But Dick was comfortably persuaded that
he was entirely privileged, and he did not argue without his host,
though Wallace, after much endurance, could assert himself so far as to
send off his tormentor. Yet he was never known to do it, save in the
kindest, most friendly fashion. No paralysing stroke from his paw, no
crushing snap from his teeth, ever scared the fun and familiarity out
of little Dick. He received his _congé_ in the shape of a mild, if firm
refusal, which left him free to come sidling into his crony’s presence
again within the next five minutes.

I have mentioned Dick’s love of sport. Wallace had the same love
to a marked extent; indeed, it was the one temptation which proved
irresistible, and seduced him once and again from his adherence to his
master. It was not that the dog openly resisted or defied orders, but
that he showed craft in snatching an opportunity to evade them, in
slipping off unperceived, and conducting his hunts in an independent
style in the preserves and on the great moor at hand—coming home with
a dogged fidelity, and yet with the self-convicted air of a culprit,
after his lust for the pursuit of prey was satisfied, to the punishment
which he was perfectly aware remained in store for him. Of course,
for a dog like Wallace to roam abroad unattended, on such an errand,
was to expose both him and his master to certain penalties, and every
effort was made, for the dog’s own sake as well as for his master’s
credit, to break him of so dangerous a propensity. The attempt was not
altogether successful. The ruling passion was so strong in Wallace
that it rivalled even his conception of duty. But the consequences
of his escapades always fell short of the condign punishment at the
hands of incensed proprietors which his master dreaded for the dog, and
repentance, forgiveness, amendment followed till the next outbreak.

These outbreaks would probably have decreased in number and died out as
Wallace’s spirit of enterprise abated with his advancing age;[B] but
I am sorry to say Dick proved an artful decoy and subtle tempter. The
two dogs did not venture on a forbidden expedition under the very eye
of their master; but the moment his back was turned to go from home,
I have been assured that the certainty and celerity with which the
conspirators detected his absence was something marvellous. Wallace
and Dick set off like the wind—or at least as like the wind as the old
dog’s lagging limbs would allow—to the nefarious indulgence of their
appetite. Nothing short of chaining up Wallace before his master left
could prevent the catastrophe. No efforts of his young mistress—of
whom, at the same time, he was exceedingly fond, and whose escort and
protector he was generally proud to be—were of the least avail to
detain him; she has told me how she would run out to intercept the dogs
on the first hint of their decamping, and try to hold them back by main
force, but Wallace would wrest himself from her grasp, and trot after
Dick, already scampering away in the distance.

Sometimes these hunts lasted as long as three or four days. Naturally,
the dogs were unwilling to come back to the disgrace which awaited
them, and they could subsist in the meantime on the spoil which they
caught and slew. The neighbourhood of the great wide moor and fragment
of forest—a broad brown and dark green tract stretching, with a
suggestion of wonder and mystery, along the whole expanse of cultivated
country—rendered it specially difficult to discover the direction
the dogs had taken, running as the birds flew, and making nothing of
hedges, ditches, and “dykes” in their progress, after they were fairly
out of sight. It was the solving of a puzzle to pursue and apprehend
them. Sometimes a wayfarer passed and recognised them, and brought the
tidings of their whereabouts to “the farm town.” Sometimes the dogs’
master, when he went to the weekly market in the quaint town I have
described, received information from a neighbour which enabled him
to track the fugitives. Oftenest they returned of their own accord,
spent and sated, brought back by some compulsion of law, some tie of
dependence and affection, which was in the end too powerful for their
desire to rove, so that they could not become wild dogs again, or
desert their aggrieved human friends for a permanence.

Knowing the district as I do, I have great sympathy with Wallace and
Dick. Had I possessed Wallace’s capacity of endurance, or Dick’s
youthful fleetness of foot and length of wind—had I shared their relish
for hares and rabbits, torn limb from limb, and their capacity of
thriving on the same—I too should have liked to wander for days among
these fresh fields, with their yellowing corn or rich pasture, on
which sturdy bullocks or skittish colts were having a pleasant time. I
could have dived with good-will into these tree-girdled quarries, and
roamed along these high roads, ample enough for two coaches-and-six
to drive abreast, and bordered with bands of yellow lady’s bedstraw
and azure veronica, and later in the season by miniature forests of
nodding harebells; or down these rough by-roads, with their patches of
yellow broom and trailing garlands of brambles, to the outlying heather
on the verge of the moor, about which great humble bees were always
humming. My heart would have hankered, like theirs, for that grand,
gaunt old moor of Mendrummond—or, as it is called in local parlance,
“Munrummon”—with its pale liverwort and white grass of Parnassus, its
bronze stemmed firs and stunted oaks, its lone green glades. One can
still feel that here, as among the mountains of old Scotland, there
linger vestiges of a virgin world.

As a human being and not a dog, I am not at all clear that I should
have returned so faithfully to cutting reproaches and a good beating as
Wallace and Dick had the courage to do.

The dogs used to display judiciousness in selecting the cover of night
for their reappearance, and they sometimes brought home a mutilated
hare or rabbit, as if it were intended for a propitiation. But Wallace
at least reported himself, in full view of the result, with manly
straightforwardness and resignation. He was accustomed to go beneath
his master’s window, and by a deep prolonged “bow-f-f” announce that
there he was ready to submit to whatever his master imposed on him.

I regret to own that Dick, on the contrary, stole round the house on
tiptoe, and, if he found an open window on the ground floor, crept in
and hid himself beneath a convenient sofa or bed, in a short-sighted,
childish notion that he might evade the righteous sentence he had

On the last secret hunt in which the dog-friends engaged, Wallace was
so enfeebled by age that the exertion exhausted the little strength
left to him, and he was unable to return home. Dick had to face the
wrath of his master alone, while he was unable to account for his
missing comrade.

Happily the mastiff reached a neighbouring farm-house, where he
was recognised—for he was a well-known and valued dog—and where he
was hospitably entertained, till word could be sent to his master,
who despatched a cart for the disabled sportsman. But fancy the
mortification of poor Wallace, once so invulnerable at every point, so
renowned a warrior and hunter, to be brought home like a dead donkey,
stretched at the bottom of a cart!

Wallace survived his last hunt some time, but the evidence of the decay
of his powers became always more unmistakeable. He was a mere bony
wreck of what he had been. He subsisted principally on great “diets” of
milk freely lavished on him to prolong his days. At last he fell into
a habit of stealing away and secreting himself in some solitary spot
of the garden or grounds, an ominous inclination which superstitious
servants called “looking for his grave,” and that was in reality
prompted by the curious pathetic instinct which causes every stricken
animal to draw away from the herd, and hide itself from its kind.

But Wallace was not to die apart from human hands and the friends he
had loved. No one saw him die; but a servant, preparing to sweep out
the dining-room early one morning, found the old dog stretched stark
and cold on his master’s sofa—“like a Christian,” as she protested,
half awed, half scandalised. And what gave the last touch to the
situation was that little lively Dick—always fond of establishing
himself by his friend—was discovered lying trembling, with that
consciousness of death of which a dog is supposed to be unconscious,
behind Wallace, that he had not dared to disturb—the first time Wallace
had frightened Dick.

I think Wallace’s master, by his own choice, helped to dig the dog’s
grave; I know that the spot selected was one which had been long chosen
for his last resting-place. Care was taken that Dick should not know
the place, or be tempted to disturb it, when it was little thought
that the terrier would soon lie by his comrade’s side. Not that Dick
died of his mourning; I never heard of a dog pining to death for a
fellow-dog—only for his master. I am not even aware that Dick gave
great signs of missing his companion after the first few days, for dogs
will be dogs after all; and undoubtedly Dick recovered the full flow of
his constitutionally high spirits within a short period.

Merry Dick’s death was so much the more tragical that it was not in
the course of nature; it was the result of an accident—the product of
such carelessness as it is hard to forgive. The offices belonging to
Dick’s master’s farm were infested with rats to such an extent that
even a terrier was insufficient to keep the vermin down, and poison was
employed for their destruction. A portion of strychnine passed into the
keeping of a kitchen maid, who was to sprinkle it on bread and butter,
to be exposed, with due precaution, near the rats’ holes. The plate
of bread and butter, with the fatal powder invisible on it, was left
heedlessly on a kitchen table, where it was only by the good providence
of God that some man or woman—ignorant of anything unusual in the
innocent-looking slices—did not eat what was intended for the rats, and
perish by a horrible death.

Only poor Dick was destined to be the victim. Attending on the
footsteps of his mistress as usual, he came into the kitchen, and,
spying the attractive luncheon, sprang up and seized a half-slice.

“It is the poisoned bread,” cried the rash servant, observing what had
happened, and thinking she had done enough when she had given the tardy

Dick’s mistress snatched the perilous morsel from between his teeth
and flung it in the fire. So instantaneous was the whole occurrence,
that even she—never doubting that she had rescued the dog from all evil
consequences—forgot the circumstances in the occupation she was engaged

Dick, in his usual excellent health and enjoyment of life, accompanied
his mistress in a walk, with all his ordinary pleasure in the
privilege. It was not till some hours later, in the bustle of guests
assembling for dinner, that Dick’s master suddenly summoned his
mistress from her toilet with the grievous news that Dick was dying.
The little dog had been discovered rigid in a fit. So entirely was
the result of what had taken place in the morning unapprehended, that
it was not till various remedies had been tried in vain that Dick’s
mistress suddenly recalled the episode of the poisoned bread. A clever
young veterinary surgeon who was within reach came and administered
antidotes, which poor little Dick, in the intervals between his
paroxysms, was induced to take from the mistress who was so bitterly
distressed by his fate; but all was of no avail, the dog succumbed
speedily to the deadly poison, and died before the dinner guests had

So Dick and Wallace rest together, like true comrades, in what was once
their pleasant playground.



[A] In addition to the instinct of obedience which in itself rendered
Wallace tractable, the great dog had a little weakness, of which I
have heard his master say he made use in conducting his four-footed
retainer’s education. “Wallace wight” “would have gone round the world”
for a bit of sugar—the usual reward of a _fait accompli_.

[B] However, I have heard of an old terrier who had lived many years
leading an entirely domestic life in a large town, and who, on being
taken by its owners to country quarters—which happened, unfortunately,
to be in a game country—ran off the very night of his arrival, hunted
the whole summer night through, and turned up the next morning, after
his friends had resigned all hope of recovering him. He was dead tired,
and in a few hours was crying out under paroxysms of rheumatism, which
his unwonted exposure, together with his weight of years, brought upon




ONE of the remotest visions of my infancy—dim as the pearly dawn
itself—is of two dogs called Flora and Danger, priest-grey and
brown-and-yellow terriers respectively, which filled a prominent
place in my baby regard. They soon vanished from the scene, and some
time elapsed before they were succeeded by Fido—a small, sleek,
short-haired, brown dog, resembling an English terrier, which was
partly my own property, and, much more than any doll or toy, the
darling of my early childhood.

I fancy Fido was not very well descended, and that his small size
was due to accident, or to some arresting process practised in his
puppyhood. But he was a well-made little dog; he had a keen tiny face,
with erect ears; and he was amazingly agile in his habits. In fact
his agility, together with his audacity, brought about his untimely
death—the manner of which remains, at this distance of time, more
impressed on my mind than any incident in his short life.

I remember the scene and circumstances as if the event had happened
yesterday. My mother had strolled beyond the garden to “the front of
the brae,” as it was called, or the brow of the green, grassy hill on
which the old white house was built. It commanded a wide stretch of
links or downs, met by the blue girdle of the Frith, having for its
fringe, all along the coast, clusters of ancient villages—fishing or
trading—with red-tiled or blue-slated houses, and round-belfried or
sharp-pointed steeples of parish kirks.

I think no place was ever fresher or sunnier than that “front of the
brae” on a summer morning, though in winter it was a bleak and windy
station enough. Some young colts, feeding, as they usually did, on the
links, had ventured to the summit of the brae, and were approaching the
stackyard. Fido was scampering among the yellow ragwort and purple bur
thistles in my mother’s vicinity, and on the impulse of the moment she
sent him after the young horses.

The rash suggestion was only too acceptable. Without a shade of
hesitation or fear, the morsel of a dog made a dart at the heels of
what were the hugest elephants to him, and though the colts had turned
to retreat, he reached them in time to be spurned by one of the flying
hoofs, and to fall down with his back or neck broken.

I have a vivid recollection of the consternation and grief of the
little group that gathered in the great kitchen, into which the
lifeless little dog was carried—of one of Fido’s young mistresses
wildly entreating to have wine put within the half-open jaws of
the dead dog—of the grave shake of the head with which some senior
negatived the desperate proposal, and of my mother’s kindly distress
at having caused the catastrophe, which had extinguished the spark of
life in one of God’s happy creatures, and occasioned such affliction to
the children.

I remember what a blight came over the bright day; how I rose from my
dinner in a passion of sorrow, because in a moment of forgetfulness
I had begun to lay aside some scrap for the dog which had ceased to
need scraps; and how I walked in the garden among the Maundy roses and
tall white Canterbury bells, and gathered—to store for a melancholy
memorial—some early seeds of the nasturtium with which the little
animal had been fond of playing, and in which there remained the marks
of his tiny teeth. I have had greater losses since then, but I have not
forgotten that first shock and stab of irretrievable separation.

To console us children for being deprived of our pet—and, I daresay,
as some small atonement in her own person—my mother furnished us with
money to buy another dog; an act in which there was a departure from
the family practice of not spending what little money was to spare
unnecessarily, and, above all, of not accustoming the children to
anything that could be regarded as extravagance or self-indulgence. In
our whole connection with dogs, this was the only instance in which one
became ours by purchase.

I cannot recall that it grated on my feelings that the empty place
of my dead pet should be filled up. I daresay I made some protest at
first—that I would not be consoled, and that I could never like (we say
_like_ in Scotland, where an English child would say _love_) another
doggie as I had liked Fido. But I was not then sufficiently faithful—or
shall I say proud and passionate enough?—to be long able to resist the
prospect of the dreary blank in the house and in my affections having
another occupant, with the wholesome hope that I might take to it and
be comforted, though I did not forget Fido.

I know I went in great glee, in the company of a sister a little older
than myself, to the village where we had heard of a suitable dog for
sale—indeed, I think we had gone and inspected it previously—and
where we were to pay down our purchase-money—it was no more than five
shillings—and receive our prize, which had belonged previously to a

The dog was a small black and white animal, with straight sleek hair,
and a pretty round face, set between pendant ears. I was a timid child,
and did not venture to lay hands on our purchase while it was yet
strange to us, and my sister undertook to carry it home in her arms.
On our way we encountered a gentleman who was an acquaintance of the
family, and who, not understanding how we were situated, insisted on
shaking hands with us children. My sister was compelled partly to let
go her captive—it did not escape, it only scrambled to her shoulder,
from which she was unable to dislodge it, and where, to our affront, it
stood barking wrathfully at the new-comer.

The dog had been named “Jessie Mackie,” a very human title, of which we
did not approve for a dog, and so we called her “Rona,” the name of a
dog of a friend’s friend. The title struck our fancy, and we believed
that it had belonged originally to an island on the west coast of
Scotland—rather a dignified source for a name. But I cannot say that I
ever met any person who had visited the island of Rona, or who could
tell exactly whereabouts in the Atlantic—from wild St. Kilda to wooded
Rothesay—it was to be found.

Rona answered our expectations, and soon took Fido’s position in
the house. She was a thoroughly worthy little dog; I don’t know
that she was very clever, but I can vouch that she was exceedingly
companionable. In her prime she was perfectly good-humoured to her
friends, though I do not think that she was ever very accessible to
strangers. She had queer ways of her own. She was very fond of fish,
to which, as an article of food, dogs have either a great liking or
loathing. She slept on the lower shelf of a cupboard, reserved for
her use, in a dressing-room attached to the nursery. She would retire
there for a morning snooze, and members of the family, unaware of
her proximity, would be startled, on going into the nursery, by loud
snores, exactly resembling those of a human being guilty of snoring,
proceeding from the dressing-room at high noon. She had been taught to
beg, and had great faith in the efficacy of the supplication. She would
be found in a room alone begging with great patience to a closed door,
and confidently expecting it would yield to the appeal.

Rona was peculiarly affected by certain kinds of music, as dogs
sometimes are. I have read different opinions expressed of the
impression made by music on dogs, with an attempt to decide whether it
is pain or pleasure which is produced on the creature by the melody
that awakens its attention and rouses its emotions. The preponderance
of evidence tends to indicate that it is pain, or at least some form
of fear or distress, which music causes in the dog. What I remember of
Rona’s behaviour when so excited confirms this idea, though we children
chose to class the performance as singing, and boasted loudly of it to
our companions, who used to wait breathlessly for it to begin, and
were filled with delighted wonder, amounting to awe, when the dog was
got to exhibit its talent. The sound of a piano or of singing did not
move her in the least, but an accordion drawn out, or a violin played,
touched the chord which vibrated to music in Rona’s composition. She
would generally retire beneath a chair or sofa, with a restless,
disturbed air (I suppose we made out her withdrawal to be the assumed
modesty of a great performer); and if the music were continued, she
would raise her head and utter in prolonged bays and howls what, I am
satisfied, was her protest against the sound which, for some occult
reason, both excited and rendered her miserable. It was an evident
relief to her when the concert, in which she had felt bound to bear a
part, was brought to a conclusion.

I think it was for Rona that we children first manufactured a set
of garments which figured on more than one dog. There was a pair of
flannel pantaloons, into which we inserted the dog’s unwilling legs,
fastening the pantaloons by strings across her back. There was a
flannel gown, which we called a dressing-gown, and suspended round her
shoulders. The costume was finished by a round cap, like a Highland
bonnet, which we put on her head, tying it under her chin—or jaw: on
high occasions we stuck a feather unto this cap.

Of course Rona objected strongly, in her own mind, to these incongruous
decorations, though she had to submit outwardly to our will on that
point. The pantaloons, after they had been donned, were least in her
way, and she would appear to forget them and run about in them without
protest for hours.

I remember one day, during a period of rainy weather, when even the
sandy roads of that district were wet and miry, that an elder sister,
who had gone to make calls in the village, came back half-a-mile with
Rona. The dog had stolen out and kept at a safe distance in the rear,
till she considered that she was beyond the danger of being marched
home, when she capered to the front, and her unconscious companion not
only perceived who was her attendant, but discovered, to her mingled
diversion and chagrin, that the dog was dressed in that supremely
absurd pair of pantaloons, plentifully bespattered with mud.

By the time the younger members of the family were sent to school,
poor Rona was up in years, and had become peevish and snappish in her
growing infirmities, so that it was judged advisable that she should
be quietly put out of the way in her mistresses’ absence. When we came
home jubilant, we found no Rona waddling out to greet us, and I am
afraid we had so many to meet, and so much to occupy us, that we hardly
missed our humble friend.

A contemporary of Rona’s was a tall, gaunt, black—with silver hairs,
peculiarly ugly, and valuable sheep-dog, which was my father’s friend.
His ugliness was the result either of disease or of an accident, which
had removed a portion of the lip and exposed his teeth on one side,
but which did not impair his health, or detract from his merit as a
wise and an efficient collie. His name, which was not given by us, was
peculiar. I imagine it was either a mistake or a corruption. Instead of
being termed “Yarrow,” “Tweed,” or “Heather,” the traditional names for
Scotch collies, he was called “Gasto,” which I have a notion must have
been a perversion of “Gaston,” though how a Scotch collie came to bear
a chivalrous French Christian name I have not the faintest idea.

He was a dog that had his proper business to mind, and did not take
much account of us children. Shepherds who have the rearing of such
dogs do not encourage their association with children, and regard
it, where it occurs, as liable to be a source of deterioration in an
animal which is bred to endure hardship, and to live under a sense of
responsibility. And when the creature is trained to perfection, it is
as valuable and important a member of the establishment on a sheep-farm
as an ox or a horse on another farm. Gasto was one of the gravest dogs
I ever saw, far too sober for play of any kind. Looking back, I cannot
help associating him with wintry blasts and snow-drifts, in which he is
buffeting the blast and wading through the drift, intent on his calling.

Gasto knew but one master, my father, and for him he lived and
laboured with a still, deep devotion. On one occasion, when my father
was attacked by a dangerous illness, and confined to his room for a
time, the sheep-dog wandered about disconsolately, declining even to
attend to his ordinarily rigidly discharged office, at the bidding
of any other than his master. As the days wore on, about the time
that the disease approached its crisis, the dog stationed himself
on the garden wall, and in a manner foreign to his usually rather
impassive, preoccupied demeanour when he was not about his work, howled
dismally—conduct which, however well meant, was not calculated to cheer
the invalid, or the watchers in the sick-room. The dog then refused
to touch food, and it was feared he would die. After every other mode
of coaxing was tried, without effect, Gasto was taken into the room
where my father, by that time recovering, lay in bed—was shown his
master, and spoken to by him. I don’t think the dog attempted to leap
on the bed, or did more than wag his bushy tail with immense relief
and repressed gladness; but when a plate with his food was offered
to him in the loved presence, he ate it quietly without further
demur. Forthwith he went about his business, content to discharge it
faithfully, as a trust committed to him, and to wait hopefully for the
reappearance of his master.

Poor Gasto, to my father’s great regret and indignation, was cruelly
poisoned by some ill-disposed persons in the neighbourhood. Another dog
of ours fell a victim to their misdeeds. He was a huge, fawn-coloured,
young watch-dog, named “Neptune,” that was thus summarily cut
off before he had got the beyond boisterous uncouthness of this

I have come to the advent of a prized dog, so long a much esteemed
member of the household, that she was regarded, not only by ourselves
but our friends, as one of the family. She was a pure bred and
fine terrier, given when she was about a year old to my brother,
as the parting gift of a friend about to sail for Ceylon. She was
dear for his sake as well as for her own, but she soon needed no
external recommendation to make her a chief favourite. I have only a
hazy recollection of her introduction to us, but a fragment of her
illustrious pedigree, which was imparted with befitting seriousness,
lingers in my mind. “Her mother was a lineal descendant of the dog that
fought the lion at Warwick.” What sort of lion-baiting this was? how
it happened to take place at Warwick? what was the date of the event?
whether the whole story were not a tradition of the great Bevis?
were questions never answered. But we were accustomed to repeat the
assertion as a solemn attestation to Skatta’s claims to superiority.

Skatta, like Rona, was named for an island in the West—an island which
has a substantial existence. Yet though we were told, and implicitly
believed for many a day, that the dog was of Western origin, a Skye
terrier, this was ultimately disputed. I have been assured that she
was a fine Dandie Dinmont terrier, of the renowned mustard species,
and that she and her forbears ought to have been traced to pastoral
Liddesdale in the South, and not to the corries of Cuchullin in
the Land of Mist. I am sorry that I am not possessed of sufficient
erudition to settle the point.

In the eyes of connoisseurs Skatta was a beautiful dog, though I am
doubtful whether the uninitiated world would have perceived the extent
of her claims. Her colour hovered between a sulphur yellow and a buff.
She was short in the legs and rather long in the body, but not with
such an ungainly length as I am told a true Skye terrier should show,
just as a genuine Belgian canary-bird ought to be slightly hump-backed.
The hair on her back was rough and wiry—one of her good points in our
estimation; it was softer on her breast, legs, and feathery tail,
and on her head, especially in the case of an admired lock that lay
on her forehead, the texture of which was almost as fine as that of
floss-silk. Her acute ears were of course erect. Her subtlest of noses
was, in accordance with her complexion, red, not black. Her honest
affectionate eyes were of warm hazel.

Skatta was by instinct alone an excellent game dog, and her glory
was to be in attendance on the taking down of a stack in the yard,
to sit watching with all her wits about her, and to pounce on and
despatch each rat as it appeared. There were rabbit warrens in the
neighbourhood, not without danger to the terrier. In her hot pursuit
of the rabbits, she would follow them into their burrows by passages
and windings too narrow for her to turn herself in, while the sandy
soil fell down behind her, and she was detained till her absence was
remarked. The dog’s half-suffocated yelps indicated her subterranean
place of imprisonment, when aid was speedily lent to restore her to the
upper world.

On other occasions Skatta’s feet were caught in the traps set by the
rabbit-catchers, and though her bones were strong enough to resist
the pressure, and she was not maimed, as so many of our cats became,
but generally freed herself after a struggle, and returned home
triumphantly without much injury, in two instances she was a serious
sufferer from the accident. In the first it was not known that she had
been caught in a trap, and nobody guessed why she paid such sedulous
attention to one of her front paws, till after an interval of weeks,
in the face of an impending lameness, a close examination detected
a portion of brass-wire bound tightly round, and eating into the
festering flesh. At a much later date, when Skatta was an old dog, her
master missed her from his heel after crossing one of these warrens.
It was a dark night, and he could not stay to search for her, even if
it had been possible to find her. He trusted that, if she had been
caught in a trap, she would free herself, as she had been wont to do,
and follow on his steps. As she remained absent, however, the entire
night—an unexampled incident in her history—my brother started early
next morning in search of her, and found her lying unable to stir, with
one of her legs terribly lacerated. She was carried carefully home, and
after being tended for weeks, during which she showed great patience
and gratitude, she was restored to the full use of her limbs.

In spite of the danger, the rabbit-haunted links, with their wild
thyme, cowslips, and harebells in the seasons, presented the utmost
fascination in life to Skatta. After the links, she cared for the
weasel and rat-frequented fields and ditches of the strath, with their
bugloses and poppies, brooklime and irises; but the links formed _par
excellence_ her happy hunting-ground. I have heard her master say that
on returning home, or taking a stroll before retiring to rest on a
summer night, her mute entreaty was sometimes so irresistible, that he
would turn away from the house and take the path to the solemn sea and
the silent links, to grant her the half-hour’s indulgence she besought.

At one period she walked with the women of the family every afternoon,
and amused them by her uncontrollable disappointment and chagrin—though
she was for the most part a modest, reasonable dog—when they resorted
to the rocks and the sands as their place of promenade. She would sit
down beside them while they rested, and begin to shiver, though she was
in perfect health, and to whimper under her breath a reproach for their
perversity. Why were they so provoking? Why could they not have walked
on the springy turf of the links, or by the pleasant field path? Then
she might have hunted to her heart’s content, and still have been in
their company.

When my brother was at home, Skatta made a marked distinction between
him and the rest of the family, acknowledging him pointedly as her
master, and electing herself his constant companion. When he first left
home, she was very disconsolate for a few days, and sat a good deal on
the garden wall, howling as Gasto did when my father was ill. After a
time she seemed to make up her mind to the separation, and transferred
her primary allegiance in a measure, and for the moment, to my father.
(Though she was of the female sex herself, she gave no support to the
rights of women, farther than being social and happy with us girls.)
Her real master’s absence was sometimes for many months, and lasted
over a period of years; but the moment he reappeared on the scene
she returned unfailingly to her first love. So perfect was the good
understanding between man and dog, and so blameless was the conduct of
the latter as a rule, that I have heard my brother say he only struck
his dog twice in the whole course of their long connection. On the
first occasion the blow was administered to correct a fault, but on
the second his stick fell on the wrong dog in a combat which had been
thrust on Skatta, and which he was trying to stop. He averred that he
could not bear to look his dog in the face afterwards, because of the
meek wonder with which she submitted to the unjust stroke, and, as he
complained, he had not the comfort of explaining to her that it was all
a mistake.

Skatta was never more than friendly to people outside her family,
and there was one family friend whom she, like most reflective dogs,
held in abhorrence. She hated the doctor, and laid aside her peaceful
character to growl out her enmity every time she was in his company.
I have heard various reasons assigned for the dislike of dogs to
doctors.[C] Do their delicate noses detect and find fault with any
subtle aroma hanging about the man who orders drugs? Are the dogs’
affectionate hearts moved by sympathy with the signs of suffering and
anxiety, which they are quick to read, in the faces of the family?
The dumb animals are clever enough to connect these tokens with
the presence of the doctor, while they are not sufficiently well
informed—given to leap at conclusions as they are—to comprehend that he
is there to relieve distress instead of being its author.

If dogs detest doctors, they do not often extend their dislike to
clergymen. Skatta was not only on perfectly civil terms with the
“minister” of her master’s kirk, she herself knew the Sunday, and was
disposed to respect its observance like a true-blue Presbyterian.
She did not, to be sure, go to the kirk like the dog of one of the
ministers in the village,[D] but she consented to stay at home without
any protest, and only burst out and greeted her family rather
uproariously on their return in the ranks of their fellow-worshippers.

On other occasions, to stay at home when her friends were going
abroad, or to submit to confinement, was so severe a trial of Skatta’s
philosophy, that it was the one decree which found and left her
rebellious. It was no easy task to detain a dog that, when shut into a
room on the second floor of the house, with the windows closed, broke
through a pane of glass, and precipitated herself twelve or fifteen
feet to the ground; and with such rapidity did she clear the glass in
taking the leap, that she was not punished for her defiant temerity by
more than a few inconsiderable scratches and bruises.

She once walked a distance of fifteen miles with her master, and at
the end of the journey was tied up in a stable, since he was going
where she could not conveniently accompany him. I need not say that she
gnawed through the string, seized an opportunity, when the stable-door
was open, to make her escape, and, not being able to trace her master,
ran the whole way home again, and arrived in the course of two more
hours, very travel-stained, tired, and hungry, but content. This is
nothing of a feat compared to that performed by an Argyleshire terrier,
which, having been conveyed in a carriage through one of the passes
into an entirely different district, set off at the first available
moment, and crossed a great solitary mountain range—taking a week to do
it—arriving at last, a gaunt but happy skeleton, at what it persisted
in regarding as its own door. How the poor animal subsisted in the
meantime was only known to Him who feedeth the young ravens when they

I remember Skatta’s being lent to a sportsman, who was very desirous
of availing himself of her powers; but no bribe of game or sport would
detain her from her friends. So soon as she was let loose, she broke
away and rushed back to them, the quick pattering of her feet sounding
in every room of the house, her gleaming eyes and vibrating tail
appealing to each member of the family in turn with a “Here I am, you
see; I could not and I would not stay away.”

The pertinacity with which Skatta followed her master sometimes
produced awkward results. He was attending the funeral of an old
retainer of the family, to whom he desired to pay particular respect.
He believed that the dog was safe at a distance when he was motioned
to a place of honour close to the open grave. He observed a little
disturbance among the ring of mourners, and, to his horror, discovered
Skatta in the centre, by his side, with her head poked inquisitively
forward over what was to her a great black hole.

Skatta came to us when some of us were young enough to dress her in
Rona’s cast-off clothes; she lived sufficiently long with us to see
the steps of the youngest grow slow, and care settling on their brows.
She was a silent witness to many changes—to the passing away of one
honoured face, the breaking up of the old home, the dispersion of the
family. She herself was so old that both her sight and hearing were
nearly gone, and she could hardly answer to the signal of the master
she had loved so well. Her life was becoming a burden to her—she was
getting diseased as well as infirm. It was feared she would prove
dangerous to a child in the house where she lived, as she had always
been jealous of children where her master was concerned, disliking to
see him take them into his arms, sniffing and growling at them if
they came too near him according to her ideas, and fiercely resenting
any liberty taken with herself under the circumstances. So old Skatta
was sentenced—with what regret may be imagined—to a death quick and
painless, for the sake of higher humanity.

A contemporary of Skatta’s was a huge black and white watch-dog, named
“Foam,” a good-natured, but formidable creature, which, when it was
let loose, used to come bounding to greet us, and such was its impetus
that, when it planted a paw on each shoulder, it caused each one of us
to reel and stagger under its caress.

An interregnum in our connection with dogs occurred, during which,
as I have heard masters and mistresses say after the loss of a
confidential and trusty servant, various unavailable retainers passed
across the domestic stage without making a lengthened stay, or filling
successfully the vacant post.

There was “James Craig,” a white, straight-haired terrier, boasting the
becoming contrast of lively black eyes and a black nose. His temper
was irascible, and his life was rendered so unendurable to him by the
mischievous attentions of several lads, whose office chanced to be in
the vicinity of his home, and who insisted on stamping their feet at
him, that he in turn made life unbearable to his human neighbours, and
had to be banished from the establishment. His fate was hard. He was
always an excitable dog, and he managed, while quite in his senses, to
inspire some credulous panic-stricken people with the notion that he
was mad, under which delusion he was stoned to death.

There was “Bobby,” a pretty, but weak-minded black spaniel, which also
suffered a violent death. He had not the sense to get out of the way of
a coach which drove over him.

There was a poor dog—the very name of which I have forgotten—that was
summarily shot by a sanguinary gamekeeper for deserting his master’s
side, for one brief moment, to encroach on a jealously guarded preserve.

There was “Massey Redan,” a promising little pepper-and-salt terrier,
that was picked up at the door of the house in the town where we then
lived, and driven off in a “cadger’s” cart by a company of successful
amateur dog-stealers.

There was “Juno,” a brown retriever, so crazy about taking to the water
that she would desert her master to spend the whole day by the sea,
plunging in for whatever stick or stone the children, who delighted in
her swimming powers, might throw her.

There was “William Alexander,” another retriever, a handsome, powerful,
jet-black dog, which had a predilection for nuts, and would pounce on a
sack in a grocer’s shop, abstract, crack, and eat the contents for her
delectation. She used to sit up on her haunches by her master’s side
while he sat writing or reading, and when William Alexander thought
they had both had enough of the work, he would slap his master smartly
on the arm with his paw in order to call his attention to the fact.

His master had trained the dog to bring him his boots every morning;
but so headlong was William Alexander’s race with them, up and down
stairs, that he would have thrown to the ground any unhappy individual
who had happened to impede his progress. Indeed there was always
something of a whirlwind about the dog, and when to his restlessness
and boisterousness were added the reflection of the same qualities in a
child visitor, the house seemed too small to hold the two.

William Alexander had a remarkable objection to seeing any of his
friends ill in bed, and on such occasions would begin to growl as at a
personal offence.

The dog had a trick, in accordance with his species, of bringing
everything to his master. Once, when a pet canary-bird got out of its
cage, and began flying wildly about the room, William Alexander caught
it, closing his great jaws upon it with a snap, so that it was lost to
sight, and the spectators never doubted killed on the instant. But when
he delivered up the bird to his master, it was uninjured save by fright.

Poor William Alexander tried this trick once too often. He was caught
attempting to lift a baby, which happened to be in the same house with
him, by the breast of its white frock, to take it to his master. He was
conducting the operation with the greatest gentleness and care, but
naturally the baby’s mother had an insuperable prejudice against the
performance, and William Alexander too had to be sent away.


    Marcus Ward & Co., Royal Ulster Works, Belfast.


[C] I need not say this has no reference to dogs which have doctors for
their masters, or that belong to any member of the family of a medical

[D] This dog, a collie, had been reared in a pastoral parish, where
such dogs often accompany the shepherds to the kirk, and lie at their
masters’ feet during the service. The collie in question had been the
favourite of a bachelor clergyman, and was in the habit of walking
sedately at his heels into his church, ascending the pulpit stairs and
disposing itself quietly outside the pulpit door, to wait there till
the “diet of worship” had terminated. The congregation were so used to
the proceeding that it offended nobody’s sense of propriety. In course
of time the clergyman took to himself a wife, who rather objected to
his intrusive four-footed companion. In consequence of her sentiments
the dog was thrown a good deal on its own devices, and thought fit to
get up a friendship with a clergyman of a rival denomination in the
place. This worthy gentleman threw his people into a ferment by walking
up the aisle of his church one morning, followed unconsciously by his
professional opponent’s dog, which thus publicly showed that it had
seceded from one religious body and joined another.

List of New Books



_Floral Poetry and the Language of Flowers._ A collection of choice
poems on Flowers with most complete Indexes to the Language of Flowers
and eight exquisite Chromographs. Small quarto, cloth elegant, gilt
edge, 10/6.

_English Echoes of German Song._ Translated by Dr. R. E. WALLIS, Dr.
J. D. MORELL, and F. D’ANVERS. Edited by N. D’ANVERS. With Twelve
beautiful engravings on Steel. Small quarto, cloth elegant, gilt edges,

_Childhood a Hundred Years Ago._ By SARAH TYTLER, Author of “Papers for
Thoughtful Girls,” &c., &c. With Six Chromos, after Paintings by Sir
JOSHUA REYNOLDS. Small quarto, cloth elegant, gilt edges, 10/6.

_Landseer’s Dogs and their Stories._ By SARAH TYTLER, Author of
“Childhood a Hundred Years Ago,” &c., &c. With Six Chromos, after
Paintings by Sir EDWIN LANDSEER. Small quarto, cloth elegant, gilt
edges, 10/6.

_Stories of Roman History for the Little Ones._ By CHARLOTTE M.
YONGE, Author of “Stories of Greek History for the Little Ones,” &c.
Illuminated Frontispiece and Title-page, and numerous Woodcuts. Square
octavo, cloth extra, bevelled boards, gilt edges, 6/-.

_Last Cruise of the Ariadne._ By S. WHITCHURCH SADLER, Author of
“The Ship of Ice,” “Perilous Seas,” &c. Coloured Frontispiece and
Illustrations. Crown octavo, cloth extra, 5/-.

_Three Years at Wolverton: a Public School Story._ By a Wolvertonian.
Coloured Frontispiece and Illustrations. Crown octavo, cloth extra, 5/-.

_India, Historical and Descriptive._ With an Account of the Sepoy
Mutiny of 1857-58, by C. H. EDEN. 66 Illustrations, Map, and Coloured
Frontispiece. Crown octavo, cloth extra, 3/6.

_Notes of Travel in Egypt and Nubia._ By J. L. STEPHENS. Revised and
enlarged, with an Account of the Suez Canal. 71 Illustrations, Map, and
Coloured Frontispiece. Crown octavo, cloth extra, 3/6.

_Fairy Land: Tales and Legends of Dwarfs, Fairies, Water-Sprites,
Elves, &c._ From the German of Villamaria. 25 Illustrations and
Coloured Frontispiece. Crown octavo, cloth extra, 3/6.

_Robinson Crusoe._ By DANIEL DE FOE. A new and beautiful edition, with
numerous Illustrations, Coloured Frontispiece and Title. Crown octavo,
cloth extra, 3/6.

_The Vicar of Wakefield._ By OLIVER GOLDSMITH. Numerous Illustrations,
Coloured Frontispiece and Title. Crown octavo, cloth extra, 3/6.

_Mildred’s Mistake._ A Still-Life Study. By F. LEVIEN, Author of
“Little Ada’s Jewels,” &c. Coloured Frontispiece and Illustrations.
Small octavo, cloth extra, 2/6.

_Kaspar and the Seven Wonderful Pigeons of Wurzburg._ By JULIA GODDARD.
Coloured Frontispiece and Illustrations. Small octavo, cloth extra, 2/6.

_Nanny’s Treasure._ Nineteen full-page Illustrations and Coloured
Frontispiece. Small octavo, cloth extra, 2/6.

_The Little Head of the Family._ Fourteen full-page Illustrations and
Coloured Frontispiece. Small octavo, cloth extra, 2/6.

_Where the Rail Runs Now: a Story of the Coaching Days._ By F.
FRANKFORT MOORE. With Illustrations. Small octavo, cloth extra, 2/6.

_Dobbie and Dobbie’s Master: a Peep into the Life of a very little
Man._ By N. D’ANVERS, Author of “Little Minnie’s Troubles,” &c. With
Illustrations. Small octavo, cloth extra, 2/6.

_Animals of the Farm: their Structure and Physiology._ A Handbook for
Agricultural Students and Farmers. By JOHN F. HODGES, M.D., F.C.S., &c.
Second Edition, revised by the Author. Numerous Illustrations. Small
octavo, cloth, 2/6.

_Aunt Charlotte’s Stories of Bible History for the Little Ones._ By
C. M. YONGE. School Edition. Numerous Illustrations. Neatly bound in
cloth, 2/-.

_Wildflower Win: the Journal of a Little Girl._ By KATHLEEN KNOX.
Numerous Illustrations. Cloth extra, 1/6.

_My Dolly._ By H. RUTHERFURD RUSSELL, Author of “Tom,” “Tom Seven Years
Old,” &c. Coloured Frontispiece and Numerous Illustrations. Cloth
extra, 1/6.

_Language and Poetry of Flowers._ Pocket Edition, Illustrations in Gold
and Colours. Cloth extra, 1/-.


_Japan, Historical and Descriptive._ Map and numerous Illustrations.
Uniform with “India, Historical and Descriptive.” Crown octavo, cloth
extra, 3/6.

_The Mythology of Greece and Rome, with special reference to its use
in Art._ From the German of O. Seemann. Edited by G. H. BIANCHI, B.A.,
late Scholar of S. Peter’s College, Cambridge; Brotherton Sanskrit
Prizeman, 1875. 64 Illustrations.

_Bards and Blossoms._ With Twelve Floral Plates, illuminated in Gold
and Colours. By F. E. HULME, F.L.S., F.S.A., Marlborough College;
Author of “Plants: their Natural Growth and Ornamental Treatment,” &c.

  A complete Catalogue of Marcus Ward & Co.’s Publications may be had,
                    free by post, on application.

       *       *       *       *       *

Transcriber’s Notes:

Obvious punctuation errors repaired.

Page 54, “Methusaleh” changed to “Methuselah” (age of Methuselah)

Page 96, “Fotheringay” changed to “Fotheringhay” (the block at

Page 125, “rot” changed to “trot” (and trot after Dick)


Page 1, Landseer’s name was changed from plain case to “by Sir EDWIN
LANDSEER” to match the rest of the listings’ style.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Landseer's Dogs and Their Stories" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.