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Title: A Woman of Thirty
Author: Balzac, Honoré de
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Woman of Thirty" ***


By Honore De Balzac

Translated by Ellen Marriage


                    To Louis Boulanger, Painter.



It was a Sunday morning in the beginning of April 1813, a morning which
gave promise of one of those bright days when Parisians, for the first
time in the year, behold dry pavements underfoot and a cloudless sky
overhead. It was not yet noon when a luxurious cabriolet, drawn by two
spirited horses, turned out of the Rue de Castiglione into the Rue de
Rivoli, and drew up behind a row of carriages standing before the newly
opened barrier half-way down the Terrasse de Feuillants. The owner of
the carriage looked anxious and out of health; the thin hair on his
sallow temples, turning gray already, gave a look of premature age to
his face. He flung the reins to a servant who followed on horseback,
and alighted to take in his arms a young girl whose dainty beauty had
already attracted the eyes of loungers on the Terrasse. The little lady,
standing upon the carriage step, graciously submitted to be taken by the
waist, putting an arm round the neck of her guide, who set her down upon
the pavement without so much as ruffling the trimming of her green rep
dress. No lover would have been so careful. The stranger could only be
the father of the young girl, who took his arm familiarly without a word
of thanks, and hurried him into the Garden of the Tuileries.

The old father noted the wondering stare which some of the young men
gave the couple, and the sad expression left his face for a moment.
Although he had long since reached the time of life when a man is fain
to be content with such illusory delights as vanity bestows, he began to

“They think you are my wife,” he said in the young lady’s ear, and he
held himself erect and walked with slow steps, which filled his daughter
with despair.

He seemed to take up the coquette’s part for her; perhaps of the two, he
was the more gratified by the curious glances directed at those little
feet, shod with plum-colored prunella; at the dainty figure outlined by
a low-cut bodice, filled in with an embroidered chemisette, which only
partially concealed the girlish throat. Her dress was lifted by her
movements as she walked, giving glimpses higher than the shoes of
delicately moulded outlines beneath open-work silk stockings. More than
one of the idlers turned and passed the pair again, to admire or to
catch a second glimpse of the young face, about which the brown tresses
played; there was a glow in its white and red, partly reflected from the
rose-colored satin lining of her fashionable bonnet, partly due to the
eagerness and impatience which sparkled in every feature. A mischievous
sweetness lighted up the beautiful, almond-shaped dark eyes, bathed
in liquid brightness, shaded by the long lashes and curving arch of
eyebrow. Life and youth displayed their treasures in the petulant face
and in the gracious outlines of the bust unspoiled even by the fashion
of the day, which brought the girdle under the breast.

The young lady herself appeared to be insensible to admiration. Her
eyes were fixed in a sort of anxiety on the Palace of the Tuileries,
the goal, doubtless, of her petulant promenade. It wanted but fifteen
minutes of noon, yet even at that early hour several women in gala dress
were coming away from the Tuileries, not without backward glances at the
gates and pouting looks of discontent, as if they regretted the lateness
of the arrival which had cheated them of a longed-for spectacle. Chance
carried a few words let fall by one of these disappointed fair ones to
the ears of the charming stranger, and put her in a more than common
uneasiness. The elderly man watched the signs of impatience and
apprehension which flitted across his companion’s pretty face with
interest, rather than amusement, in his eyes, observing her with a close
and careful attention, which perhaps could only be prompted by some
after-thought in the depths of a father’s mind.

It was the thirteenth Sunday of the year 1813. In two days’ time
Napoleon was to set out upon the disastrous campaign in which he was
to lose first Bessieres, and then Duroc; he was to win the memorable
battles of Lutzen and Bautzen, to see himself treacherously deserted by
Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, and Bernadotte, and to dispute the dreadful
field of Leipsic. The magnificent review commanded for that day by the
Emperor was to be the last of so many which had long drawn forth the
admiration of Paris and of foreign visitors. For the last time the Old
Guard would execute their scientific military manoeuvres with the pomp
and precision which sometimes amazed the Giant himself. Napoleon was
nearly ready for his duel with Europe. It was a sad sentiment which
brought a brilliant and curious throng to the Tuileries. Each mind
seemed to foresee the future, perhaps too in every mind another thought
was dimly present, how that in the future, when the heroic age of France
should have taken the half-fabulous color with which it is tinged for
us to-day, men’s imaginations would more than once seek to retrace the
picture of the pageant which they were assembled to behold.

“Do let us go more quickly, father; I can hear the drums,” the young
girl said, and in a half-teasing, half-coaxing manner she urged her
companion forward.

“The troops are marching into the Tuileries,” said he.

“Or marching out of it--everybody is coming away,” she answered in
childish vexation, which drew a smile from her father.

“The review only begins at half-past twelve,” he said; he had fallen
half behind his impetuous daughter.

It might have been supposed that she meant to hasten their progress by
a movement of her right arm, for it swung like an oar blade through the
water. In her impatience she had crushed her handkerchief into a ball in
her tiny, well-gloved fingers. Now and then the old man smiled, but the
smiles were succeeded by an anxious look which crossed his withered face
and saddened it. In his love for the fair young girl by his side, he
was as fain to exalt the present moment as to dread the future. “She is
happy to-day; will her happiness last?” he seemed to ask himself, for
the old are somewhat prone to foresee their own sorrows in the future of
the young.

Father and daughter reached the peristyle under the tower where the
tricolor flag was still waving; but as they passed under the arch by
which people came and went between the Gardens of the Tuileries and the
Place du Carrousel, the sentries on guard called out sternly:

“No admittance this way.”

By standing on tiptoe the young girl contrived to catch a glimpse of
a crowd of well-dressed women, thronging either side of the old marble
arcade along which the Emperor was to pass.

“We were too late in starting, father; you can see that quite well.” A
little piteous pout revealed the immense importance which she attached
to the sight of this particular review.

“Very well, Julie--let us go away. You dislike a crush.”

“Do let us stay, father. Even here I may catch a glimpse of the Emperor;
he might die during this campaign, and then I should never have seen

Her father shuddered at the selfish speech. There were tears in the
girl’s voice; he looked at her, and thought that he saw tears beneath
her lowered eyelids; tears caused not so much by the disappointment as
by one of the troubles of early youth, a secret easily guessed by an old
father. Suddenly Julie’s face flushed, and she uttered an exclamation.
Neither her father nor the sentinels understood the meaning of the cry;
but an officer within the barrier, who sprang across the court towards
the staircase, heard it, and turned abruptly at the sound. He went to
the arcade by the Gardens of the Tuileries, and recognized the young
lady who had been hidden for a moment by the tall bearskin caps of the
grenadiers. He set aside in favor of the pair the order which he himself
had given. Then, taking no heed of the murmurings of the fashionable
crowd seated under the arcade, he gently drew the enraptured child
towards him.

“I am no longer surprised at her vexation and enthusiasm, if _you_ are
in waiting,” the old man said with a half-mocking, half-serious glance
at the officer.

“If you want a good position, M. le Duc,” the young man answered, “we
must not spend any time in talking. The Emperor does not like to be kept
waiting, and the Grand Marshal has sent me to announce our readiness.”

As he spoke, he had taken Julie’s arm with a certain air of old
acquaintance, and drew her rapidly in the direction of the Place du
Carrousel. Julie was astonished at the sight. An immense crowd was
penned up in a narrow space, shut in between the gray walls of the
palace and the limits marked out by chains round the great sanded
squares in the midst of the courtyard of the Tuileries. The cordon of
sentries posted to keep a clear passage for the Emperor and his staff
had great difficulty in keeping back the eager humming swarm of human

“Is it going to be a very fine sight?” Julie asked (she was radiant

“Pray take care!” cried her guide, and seizing Julie by the waist, he
lifted her up with as much vigor as rapidity and set her down beside a

But for his prompt action, his gazing kinswoman would have come into
collision with the hindquarters of a white horse which Napoleon’s
Mameluke held by the bridle; the animal in its trappings of green velvet
and gold stood almost under the arcade, some ten paces behind the rest
of the horses in readiness for the Emperor’s staff.

The young officer placed the father and daughter in front of the crowd
in the first space to the right, and recommended them by a sign to the
two veteran grenadiers on either side. Then he went on his way into
the palace; a look of great joy and happiness had succeeded to his
horror-struck expression when the horse backed. Julie had given his hand
a mysterious pressure; had she meant to thank him for the little service
he had done her, or did she tell him, “After all, I shall really see
you?” She bent her head quite graciously in response to the respectful
bow by which the officer took leave of them before he vanished.

The old man stood a little behind his daughter. He looked grave. He
seemed to have left the two young people together for some purpose of
his own, and now he furtively watched the girl, trying to lull her
into false security by appearing to give his whole attention to the
magnificent sight in the Place du Carrousel. When Julie’s eyes turned
to her father with the expression of a schoolboy before his master, he
answered her glance by a gay, kindly smile, but his own keen eyes had
followed the officer under the arcade, and nothing of all that passed
was lost upon him.

“What a grand sight!” said Julie in a low voice, as she pressed her
father’s hand; and indeed the pomp and picturesquesness of the spectacle
in the Place du Carrousel drew the same exclamation from thousands
upon thousands of spectators, all agape with wonder. Another array of
sightseers, as tightly packed as the ranks behind the old noble and
his daughter, filled the narrow strip of pavement by the railings which
crossed the Place du Carrousel from side to side in a line parallel with
the Palace of the Tuileries. The dense living mass, variegated by the
colors of the women’s dresses, traced out a bold line across the
centre of the Place du Carrousel, filling in the fourth side of a vast
parallelogram, surrounded on three sides by the Palace of the Tuileries
itself. Within the precincts thus railed off stood the regiments of the
Old Guard about to be passed in review, drawn up opposite the Palace
in imposing blue columns, ten ranks in depth. Without and beyond in the
Place du Carrousel stood several regiments likewise drawn up in parallel
lines, ready to march in through the arch in the centre; the Triumphal
Arch, where the bronze horses of St. Mark from Venice used to stand in
those days. At either end, by the Galeries du Louvre, the regimental
bands were stationed, masked by the Polish Lancers then on duty.

The greater part of the vast graveled space was empty as an arena, ready
for the evolutions of those silent masses disposed with the symmetry
of military art. The sunlight blazed back from ten thousand bayonets in
thin points of flame; the breeze ruffled the men’s helmet plumes till
they swayed like the crests of forest-trees before a gale. The mute
glittering ranks of veterans were full of bright contrasting colors,
thanks to their different uniforms, weapons, accoutrements, and
aiguillettes; and the whole great picture, that miniature battlefield
before the combat, was framed by the majestic towering walls of the
Tuileries, which officers and men seemed to rival in their immobility.
Involuntarily the spectator made the comparison between the walls of
men and the walls of stone. The spring sunlight, flooding white masonry
reared but yesterday and buildings centuries old, shone full likewise
upon thousands of bronzed faces, each one with its own tale of perils
passed, each one gravely expectant of perils to come.

The colonels of the regiments came and went alone before the ranks of
heroes; and behind the masses of troops, checkered with blue and silver
and gold and purple, the curious could discern the tricolor pennons on
the lances of some half-a-dozen indefatigable Polish cavalry, rushing
about like shepherds’ dogs in charge of a flock, caracoling up and down
between the troops and the crowd, to keep the gazers within their proper
bounds. But for this slight flutter of movement, the whole scene might
have been taking place in the courtyard of the palace of the Sleeping
Beauty. The very spring breeze, ruffling up the long fur on the
grenadiers’ bearskins, bore witness to the men’s immobility, as the
smothered murmur of the crowd emphasized their silence. Now and again
the jingling of Chinese bells, or a chance blow to a big drum, woke
the reverberating echoes of the Imperial Palace with a sound like the
far-off rumblings of thunder.

An indescribable, unmistakable enthusiasm was manifest in the expectancy
of the multitude. France was about to take farewell of Napoleon on the
eve of a campaign of which the meanest citizen foresaw the perils. The
existence of the French Empire was at stake--to be, or not to be. The
whole citizen population seemed to be as much inspired with this thought
as that other armed population standing in serried and silent ranks in
the enclosed space, with the Eagles and the genius of Napoleon hovering
above them.

Those very soldiers were the hope of France, her last drop of blood; and
this accounted for not a little of the anxious interest of the scene.
Most of the gazers in the crowd had bidden farewell--perhaps farewell
for ever--to the men who made up the rank and file of the battalions;
and even those most hostile to the Emperor, in their hearts, put up
fervent prayers to heaven for the glory of France; and those most weary
of the struggle with the rest of Europe had left their hatreds behind as
they passed in under the Triumphal Arch. They too felt that in the hour
of danger Napoleon meant France herself.

The clock of the Tuileries struck the half-hour. In a moment the hum of
the crowd ceased. The silence was so deep that you might have heard a
child speak. The old noble and his daughter, wholly intent, seeming to
live only by their eyes, caught a distinct sound of spurs and clank of
swords echoing up under the sonorous peristyle.

And suddenly there appeared a short, somewhat stout figure in a green
uniform, white trousers, and riding boots; a man wearing on his head a
cocked hat well-nigh as magically potent as its wearer; the broad red
ribbon of the Legion of Honor rose and fell on his breast, and a short
sword hung at his side. At one and the same moment the man was seen by
all eyes in all parts of the square.

Immediately the drums beat a salute, both bands struck up a martial
refrain, caught and repeated like a fugue by every instrument from the
thinnest flutes to the largest drum. The clangor of that call to arms
thrilled through every soul. The colors dropped, and the men presented
arms, one unanimous rhythmical movement shaking every bayonet from
the foremost front near the Palace to the last rank in the Place du
Carrousel. The words of command sped from line to line like echoes. The
whole enthusiastic multitude sent up a shout of “Long live the Emperor!”

Everything shook, quivered, and thrilled at last. Napoleon had mounted
his horse. It was his movement that had put life into those silent
masses of men; the dumb instruments had found a voice at his coming,
the Eagles and the colors had obeyed the same impulse which had brought
emotion into all faces.

The very walls of the high galleries of the old palace seemed to cry
aloud, “Long live the Emperor!”

There was something preternatural about it--it was magic at work, a
counterfeit presentment of the power of God; or rather it was a fugitive
image of a reign itself so fugitive.

And _he_ the centre of such love, such enthusiasm and devotion, and so
many prayers, he for whom the sun had driven the clouds from the sky,
was sitting there on his horse, three paces in front of his Golden
Squadron, with the grand Marshal on his left, and the Marshal-in-waiting
on his right. Amid all the outburst of enthusiasm at his presence not a
feature of his face appeared to alter.

“Oh! yes. At Wagram, in the thick of the firing, on the field of
Borodino, among the dead, always as cool as a cucumber _he_ is!” said
the grenadier, in answer to the questions with which the young girl
plied him. For a moment Julie was absorbed in the contemplation of that
face, so quiet in the security of conscious power. The Emperor noticed
Mlle. de Chatillonest, and leaned to make some brief remark to Duroc,
which drew a smile from the Grand Marshal. Then the review began.

If hitherto the young lady’s attention had been divided between
Napoleon’s impassive face and the blue, red, and green ranks of troops,
from this time forth she was wholly intent upon a young officer moving
among the lines as they performed their swift symmetrical evolutions.
She watched him gallop with tireless activity to and from the group
where the plainly dressed Napoleon shone conspicuous. The officer rode a
splendid black horse. His handsome sky-blue uniform marked him out amid
the variegated multitude as one of the Emperor’s orderly staff-officers.
His gold lace glittered in the sunshine which lighted up the aigrette on
his tall, narrow shako, so that the gazer might have compared him to a
will-o’-the-wisp, or to a visible spirit emanating from the Emperor to
infuse movement into those battalions whose swaying bayonets flashed
into flames; for, at a mere glance from his eyes, they broke and
gathered again, surging to and fro like the waves in a bay, or again
swept before him like the long ridges of high-crested wave which the
vexed Ocean directs against the shore.

When the manoeuvres were over the officer galloped back at full speed,
pulled up his horse, and awaited orders. He was not ten paces from Julie
as he stood before the Emperor, much as General Rapp stands in Gerard’s
_Battle of Austerlitz_. The young girl could behold her lover in all his
soldierly splendor.

Colonel Victor d’Aiglemont, barely thirty years of age, was tall,
slender, and well made. His well-proportioned figure never showed to
better advantage than now as he exerted his strength to hold in the
restive animal, whose back seemed to curve gracefully to the rider’s
weight. His brown masculine face possessed the indefinable charm of
perfectly regular features combined with youth. The fiery eyes under the
broad forehead, shaded by thick eyebrows and long lashes, looked like
white ovals bordered by an outline of black. His nose had the delicate
curve of an eagle’s beak; the sinuous lines of the inevitable black
moustache enhanced the crimson of the lips. The brown and tawny shades
which overspread the wide high-colored cheeks told a tale of unusual
vigor, and his whole face bore the impress of dashing courage. He was
the very model which French artists seek to-day for the typical hero
of Imperial France. The horse which he rode was covered with sweat, the
animal’s quivering head denoted the last degree of restiveness; his hind
hoofs were set down wide apart and exactly in a line, he shook his long
thick tail to the wind; in his fidelity to his master he seemed to be a
visible presentment of that master’s devotion to the Emperor.

Julie saw her lover watching intently for the Emperor’s glances, and
felt a momentary pang of jealousy, for as yet he had not given her a
look. Suddenly at a word from his sovereign Victor gripped his horse’s
flanks and set out at a gallop, but the animal took fright at a shadow
cast by a post, shied, backed, and reared up so suddenly that his rider
was all but thrown off. Julie cried out, her face grew white, people
looked at her curiously, but she saw no one, her eyes were fixed upon
the too mettlesome beast. The officer gave the horse a sharp admonitory
cut with the whip, and galloped off with Napoleon’s order.

Julie was so absorbed, so dizzy with sights and sounds, that
unconsciously she clung to her father’s arm so tightly that he could
read her thoughts by the varying pressure of her fingers. When Victor
was all but flung out of the saddle, she clutched her father with a
convulsive grip as if she herself were in danger of falling, and the
old man looked at his daughter’s tell-tale face with dark and painful
anxiety. Pity, jealousy, something even of regret stole across every
drawn and wrinkled line of mouth and brow. When he saw the unwonted
light in Julie’s eyes, when that cry broke from her, when the convulsive
grasp of her fingers drew away the veil and put him in possession of
her secret, then with that revelation of her love there came surely some
swift revelation of the future. Mournful forebodings could be read in
his own face.

Julie’s soul seemed at that moment to have passed into the officer’s
being. A torturing thought more cruel than any previous dread contracted
the old man’s painworn features, as he saw the glance of understanding
that passed between the soldier and Julie. The girl’s eyes were wet, her
cheeks glowed with unwonted color. Her father turned abruptly and led
her away into the Garden of the Tuileries.

“Why, father,” she cried, “there are still the regiments in the Place du
Carrousel to be passed in review.”

“No, child, all the troops are marching out.”

“I think you are mistaken, father; M. d’Aiglemont surely told them to

“But I feel ill, my child, and I do not care to stay.”

Julie could readily believe the words when she glanced at his face; he
looked quite worn out by his fatherly anxieties.

“Are you feeling very ill?” she asked indifferently, her mind was so
full of other thoughts.

“Every day is a reprieve for me, is it not?” returned her father.

“Now do you mean to make me miserable again by talking about your death?
I was in such spirits! Do pray get rid of those horrid gloomy ideas of

The father heaved a sigh. “Ah! spoiled child,” he cried, “the best
hearts are sometimes very cruel. We devote our whole lives to you, you
are our one thought, we plan for your welfare, sacrifice our tastes to
your whims, idolize you, give the very blood in our veins for you, and
all this is nothing, is it? Alas! yes, you take it all as a matter of
course. If we would always have your smiles and your disdainful love, we
should need the power of God in heaven. Then comes another, a lover, a
husband, and steals away your heart.”

Julie looked in amazement at her father; he walked slowly along, and
there was no light in the eyes which he turned upon her.

“You hide yourself even from us,” he continued, “but, perhaps, also you
hide yourself from yourself--”

“What do you mean by that, father?”

“I think that you have secrets from me, Julie.--You love,” he went on
quickly, as he saw the color rise to her face. “Oh! I hoped that you
would stay with your old father until he died. I hoped to keep you with
me, still radiant and happy, to admire you as you were but so lately. So
long as I knew nothing of your future I could believe in a happy lot for
you; but now I cannot possibly take away with me a hope of happiness for
your life, for you love the colonel even more than the cousin. I can no
longer doubt it.”

“And why should I be forbidden to love him?” asked Julie, with lively
curiosity in her face.

“Ah, my Julie, you would not understand me,” sighed the father.

“Tell me, all the same,” said Julie, with an involuntary petulant

“Very well, child, listen to me. Girls are apt to imagine noble and
enchanting and totally imaginary figures in their own minds; they have
fanciful extravagant ideas about men, and sentiment, and life; and then
they innocently endow somebody or other with all the perfections of
their day-dreams, and put their trust in him. They fall in love with
this imaginary creature in the man of their choice; and then, when it
is too late to escape from their fate, behold their first idol, the
illusion made fair with their fancies, turns to an odious skeleton.
Julie, I would rather have you fall in love with an old man than with
the Colonel. Ah! if you could but see things from the standpoint of ten
years hence, you would admit that my old experience was right. I know
what Victor is, that gaiety of his is simply animal spirits--the gaiety
of the barracks. He has no ability, and he is a spendthrift. He is one
of those men whom Heaven created to eat and digest four meals a day, to
sleep, to fall in love with the first woman that comes to hand, and to
fight. He does not understand life. His kind heart, for he has a kind
heart, will perhaps lead him to give his purse to a sufferer or to a
comrade; _but_ he is careless, he has not the delicacy of heart which
makes us slaves to a woman’s happiness, he is ignorant, he is selfish.
There are plenty of _buts_--”

“But, father, he must surely be clever, he must have ability, or he
would not be a colonel--”

“My dear, Victor will be a colonel all his life.--I have seen no one who
appears to me to be worthy of you,” the old father added, with a kind of

He paused an instant, looked at his daughter, and added, “Why, my poor
Julie, you are still too young, too fragile, too delicate for the cares
and rubs of married life. D’Aiglemont’s relations have spoiled him, just
as your mother and I have spoiled you. What hope is there that you two
could agree, with two imperious wills diametrically opposed to
each other? You will be either the tyrant or the victim, and either
alternative means, for a wife, an equal sum of misfortune. But you are
modest and sweet-natured, you would yield from the first. In short,” he
added, in a quivering voice, “there is a grace of feeling in you
which would never be valued, and then----” he broke off, for the tears
overcame him.

“Victor will give you pain through all the girlish qualities of your
young nature,” he went on, after a pause. “I know what soldiers are, my
Julie; I have been in the army. In a man of that kind, love very seldom
gets the better of old habits, due partly to the miseries amid which
soldiers live, partly to the risks they run in a life of adventure.”

“Then you mean to cross my inclinations, do you, father?” asked Julie,
half in earnest, half in jest. “Am I to marry to please you and not to
please myself?”

“To please me!” cried her father, with a start of surprise. “To please
_me_, child? when you will not hear the voice that upbraids you so
tenderly very much longer! But I have always heard children impute
personal motives for the sacrifices that their parents make for
them. Marry Victor, my Julie! Some day you will bitterly deplore his
ineptitude, his thriftless ways, his selfishness, his lack of delicacy,
his inability to understand love, and countless troubles arising through
him. Then, remember, that here under these trees your old father’s
prophetic voice sounded in your ears in vain.”

He said no more; he had detected a rebellious shake of the head on his
daughter’s part. Both made several paces towards the carriage which was
waiting for them at the grating. During that interval of silence, the
young girl stole a glance at her father’s face, and little by little her
sullen brow cleared. The intense pain visible on his bowed forehead made
a lively impression upon her.

“Father,” she began in gentle tremulous tones, “I promise to say no more
about Victor until you have overcome your prejudices against him.”

The old man looked at her in amazement. Two tears which filled his eyes
overflowed down his withered cheeks. He could not take Julie in his arms
in that crowded place; but he pressed her hand tenderly. A few minutes
later when they had taken their places in the cabriolet, all the anxious
thought which had gathered about his brow had completely disappeared.
Julie’s pensive attitude gave him far less concern than the innocent joy
which had betrayed her secret during the review.

Nearly a year had passed since the Emperor’s last review. In early March
1814 a caleche was rolling along the highroad from Amboise to Tours.
As the carriage came out from beneath the green-roofed aisle of walnut
trees by the post-house of la Frilliere, the horses dashed forward with
such speed that in a moment they gained the bridge built across the Cise
at the point of its confluence with the Loire. There, however, they come
to a sudden stand. One of the traces had given way in consequence of the
furious pace at which the post-boy, obedient to his orders, had urged on
four horses, the most vigorous of their breed. Chance, therefore, gave
the two recently awakened occupants of the carriage an opportunity of
seeing one of the most lovely landscapes along the enchanting banks of
the Loire, and that at their full leisure.

At a glance the travelers could see to the right the whole winding
course of the Cise meandering like a silver snake among the meadows,
where the grass had taken the deep, bright green of early spring. To the
left lay the Loire in all its glory. A chill morning breeze, ruffling
the surface of the stately river, had fretted the broad sheets of water
far and wide into a network of ripples, which caught the gleams of the
sun, so that the green islets here and there in its course shone like
gems set in a gold necklace. On the opposite bank the fair rich meadows
of Touraine stretched away as far as the eye could see; the low hills
of the Cher, the only limits to the view, lay on the far horizon, a
luminous line against the clear blue sky. Tours itself, framed by the
trees on the islands in a setting of spring leaves, seemed to rise like
Venice out of the waters, and her old cathedral towers soaring in air
were blended with the pale fantastic cloud shapes in the sky.

Over the side of the bridge, where the carriage had come to a stand, the
traveler looks along a line of cliffs stretching as far as Tours.
Nature in some freakish mood must have raised these barriers of rock,
undermined incessantly by the rippling Loire at their feet, for a
perpetual wonder for spectators. The village of Vouvray nestles, as
it were, among the clefts and crannies of the crags, which begin
to describe a bend at the junction of the Loire and Cise. A whole
population of vine-dressers lives, in fact, in appalling insecurity in
holes in their jagged sides for the whole way between Vouvray and Tours.
In some places there are three tiers of dwellings hollowed out, one
above the other, in the rock, each row communicating with the next by
dizzy staircases cut likewise in the face of the cliff. A little girl
in a short red petticoat runs out into her garden on the roof of another
dwelling; you can watch a wreath of hearth-smoke curling up among
the shoots and trails of the vines. Men are at work in their almost
perpendicular patches of ground, an old woman sits tranquilly spinning
under a blossoming almond tree on a crumbling mass of rock, and smiles
down on the dismay of the travelers far below her feet. The cracks in
the ground trouble her as little as the precarious state of the old
wall, a pendant mass of loose stones, only kept in position by the
crooked stems of its ivy mantle. The sound of coopers’ mallets rings
through the skyey caves; for here, where Nature stints human industry of
soil, the soil is everywhere tilled, and everywhere fertile.

No view along the whole course of the Loire can compare with the rich
landscape of Touraine, here outspread beneath the traveler’s eyes. The
triple picture, thus barely sketched in outline, is one of those scenes
which the imagination engraves for ever upon the memory; let a poet
fall under its charm, and he shall be haunted by visions which shall
reproduce its romantic loveliness out of the vague substance of dreams.

As the carriage stopped on the bridge over the Cise, white sails came
out here and there from among the islands in the Loire to add new grace
to the perfect view. The subtle scent of the willows by the water’s
edge was mingled with the damp odor of the breeze from the river. The
monotonous chant of a goat-herd added a plaintive note to the sound
of birds’ songs in a chorus which never ends; the cries of the boatmen
brought tidings of distant busy life. Here was Touraine in all its
glory, and the very height of the splendor of spring. Here was the
one peaceful district in France in those troublous days; for it was
so unlikely that a foreign army should trouble its quiet that Touraine
might be said to defy invasion.

As soon as the caleche stopped, a head covered with a foraging cap was
put out of the window, and soon afterwards an impatient military man
flung open the carriage door and sprang down into the road to pick a
quarrel with the postilion, but the skill with which the Tourangeau was
repairing the trace restored Colonel d’Aiglemont’s equanimity. He went
back to the carriage, stretched himself to relieve his benumbed muscles,
yawned, looked about him, and finally laid a hand on the arm of a young
woman warmly wrapped up in a furred pelisse.

“Come, Julie,” he said hoarsely, “just wake up and take a look at this
country. It is magnificent.”

Julie put her head out of the window. She wore a traveling cap of sable
fur. Nothing could be seen of her but her face, for the whole of her
person was completely concealed by the folds of her fur pelisse.
The young girl who tripped to the review at the Tuileries with light
footsteps and joy and gladness in her heart was scarcely recognizable in
Julie d’Aiglemont. Her face, delicate as ever, had lost the rose-color
which once gave it so rich a glow. A few straggling locks of black hair,
straightened out by the damp night air, enhanced its dead whiteness,
and all its life and sparkle seemed to be torpid. Yet her eyes glittered
with preternatural brightness in spite of the violet shadows under the
lashes upon her wan cheeks.

She looked out with indifferent eyes over the fields towards the
Cher, at the islands in the river, at the line of the crags of Vouvray
stretching along the Loire towards Tours; then she sank back as soon as
possible into her seat in the caleche. She did not care to give a glance
to the enchanting valley of the Cise.

“Yes, it is wonderful,” she said, and out in the open air her voice
sounded weak and faint to the last degree. Evidently she had had her way
with her father, to her misfortune.

“Would you not like to live here, Julie?”

“Yes; here or anywhere,” she answered listlessly.

“Do you feel ill?” asked Colonel d’Aiglemont.

“No, not at all,” she answered with momentary energy; and, smiling at
her husband, she added, “I should like to go to sleep.”

Suddenly there came a sound of a horse galloping towards them. Victor
d’Aiglemont dropped his wife’s hand and turned to watch the bend in the
road. No sooner had he taken his eyes from Julie’s pale face than
all the assumed gaiety died out of it; it was as if a light had been
extinguished. She felt no wish to look at the landscape, no curiosity to
see the horseman who was galloping towards them at such a furious pace,
and, ensconcing herself in her corner, stared out before her at the
hindquarters of the post-horses, looking as blank as any Breton peasant
listening to his _recteur’s_ sermon.

Suddenly a young man riding a valuable horse came out from behind the
clump of poplars and flowering briar-rose.

“It is an Englishman,” remarked the Colonel.

“Lord bless you, yes, General,” said the post-boy; “he belongs to the
race of fellows who have a mind to gobble up France, they say.”

The stranger was one of the foreigners traveling in France at the time
when Napoleon detained all British subjects within the limits of the
Empire, by way of reprisals for the violation of the Treaty of Amiens,
an outrage of international law perpetrated by the Court of St. James.
These prisoners, compelled to submit to the Emperor’s pleasure, were not
all suffered to remain in the houses where they were arrested, nor yet
in the places of residence which at first they were permitted to choose.
Most of the English colony in Touraine had been transplanted thither
from different places where their presence was supposed to be inimical
to the interests of the Continental Policy.

The young man, who was taking the tedium of the early morning hours on
horseback, was one of these victims of bureaucratic tyranny. Two years
previously, a sudden order from the Foreign Office had dragged him from
Montpellier, whither he had gone on account of consumptive tendencies.
He glanced at the Comte d’Aiglemont, saw that he was a military man, and
deliberately looked away, turning his head somewhat abruptly towards the
meadows by the Cise.

“The English are all as insolent as if the globe belonged to them,”
 muttered the Colonel. “Luckily, Soult will give them a thrashing

The prisoner gave a glance to the caleche as he rode by. Brief though
that glance was, he had yet time to notice the sad expression which lent
an indefinable charm to the Countess’ pensive face. Many men are deeply
moved by the mere semblance of suffering in a woman; they take the look
of pain for a sign of constancy or of love. Julie herself was so much
absorbed in the contemplation of the opposite cushion that she saw
neither the horse nor the rider. The damaged trace meanwhile had been
quickly and strongly repaired; the Count stepped into his place again;
and the post-boy, doing his best to make up for lost time, drove
the carriage rapidly along the embankment. On they drove under the
overhanging cliffs, with their picturesque vine-dressers’ huts and
stores of wine maturing in their dark sides, till in the distance uprose
the spire of the famous Abbey of Marmoutiers, the retreat of St. Martin.

“What can that diaphanous milord want with us?” exclaimed the Colonel,
turning to assure himself that the horseman who had followed them from
the bridge was the young Englishman.

After all, the stranger committed no breach of good manners by riding
along on the footway, and Colonel d’Aiglemont was fain to lie back in
his corner after sending a scowl in the Englishman’s direction. But in
spite of his hostile instincts, he could not help noticing the beauty of
the animal and the graceful horsemanship of the rider. The young man’s
face was of that pale, fair-complexioned, insular type, which is almost
girlish in the softness and delicacy of its color and texture. He was
tall, thin, and fair-haired, dressed with the extreme and elaborate
neatness characteristic of a man of fashion in prudish England. Any one
might have thought that bashfulness rather than pleasure at the sight
of the Countess had called up that flush into his face. Once only Julie
raised her eyes and looked at the stranger, and then only because she
was in a manner compelled to do so, for her husband called upon her to
admire the action of the thoroughbred. It so happened that their glances
clashed; and the shy Englishman, instead of riding abreast of the
carriage, fell behind on this, and followed them at a distance of a few

Yet the Countess had scarcely given him a glance; she saw none of the
various perfections, human and equine, commended to her notice, and
fell back again in the carriage, with a slight movement of the eyelids
intended to express her acquiescence in her husband’s views. The Colonel
fell asleep again, and both husband and wife reached Tours without
another word. Not one of those enchanting views of everchanging
landscape through which they sped had drawn so much as a glance from
Julie’s eyes.

Mme. d’Aiglemont looked now and again at her sleeping husband. While she
looked, a sudden jolt shook something down upon her knees. It was her
father’s portrait, a miniature which she wore suspended about her neck
by a black cord. At the sight of it, the tears, till then kept back,
overflowed her eyes, but no one, save perhaps the Englishman, saw them
glitter there for a brief moment before they dried upon her pale cheeks.

Colonel d’Aiglemont was on his way to the South. Marshal Soult was
repelling an English invasion of Bearn; and d’Aiglemont, the bearer of
the Emperor’s orders to the Marshal, seized the opportunity of taking
his wife as far as Tours to leave her with an elderly relative of his
own, far away from the dangers threatening Paris.

Very shortly the carriage rolled over the paved road of Tours, over the
bridge, along the Grande-Rue, and stopped at last before the old mansion
of the _ci-devant_ Marquise de Listomere-Landon.

The Marquise de Listomere-Landon, with her white hair, pale face, and
shrewd smile, was one of those fine old ladies who still seem to wear
the paniers of the eighteenth century, and affects caps of an extinct
mode. They are nearly always caressing in their manners, as if the
heyday of love still lingered on for these septuagenarian portraits
of the age of Louis Quinze, with the faint perfume of _poudre a la
marechale_ always clinging about them. Bigoted rather than pious, and
less of bigots than they seem, women who can tell a story well and talk
still better, their laughter comes more readily for an old memory than
for a new jest--the present intrudes upon them.

When an old waiting-woman announced to the Marquise de Listomere-Landon
(to give her the title which she was soon to resume) the arrival of a
nephew whom she had not seen since the outbreak of the war with Spain,
the old lady took off her spectacles with alacrity, shut the _Galerie
de l’ancienne Cour_ (her favorite work), and recovered something like
youthful activity, hastening out upon the flight of steps to greet the
young couple there.

Aunt and niece exchanged a rapid glance of survey.

“Good-morning, dear aunt,” cried the Colonel, giving the old lady a
hasty embrace. “I am bringing a young lady to put under your wing.
I have come to put my treasure in your keeping. My Julie is neither
jealous nor a coquette, she is as good as an angel. I hope that she will
not be spoiled here,” he added, suddenly interrupting himself.

“Scapegrace!” returned the Marquise, with a satirical glance at her

She did not wait for her niece to approach her, but with a certain
kindly graciousness went forward herself to kiss Julie, who stood there
thoughtfully, to all appearance more embarrassed than curious concerning
her new relation.

“So we are to make each other’s acquaintance, are we, my love?” the
Marquise continued. “Do not be too much alarmed of me. I always try not
to be an old woman with young people.”

On the way to the drawing-room, the Marquise ordered breakfast for her
guests in provincial fashion; but the Count checked his aunt’s flow of
words by saying soberly that he could only remain in the house while the
horses were changing. On this the three hurried into the drawing-room.
The Colonel had barely time to tell the story of the political and
military events which had compelled him to ask his aunt for a shelter
for his young wife. While he talked on without interruption, the older
lady looked from her nephew to her niece, and took the sadness in
Julie’s white face for grief at the enforced separation. “Eh! eh!” her
looks seemed to say, “these young things are in love with each other.”

The crack of the postilion’s whip sounded outside in the silent old
grass-grown courtyard. Victor embraced his aunt once more, and rushed

“Good-bye, dear,” he said, kissing his wife, who had followed him down
to the carriage.

“Oh! Victor, let me come still further with you,” she pleaded coaxingly.
“I do not want to leave you----”

“Can you seriously mean it?”

“Very well,” said Julie, “since you wish it.” The carriage disappeared.

“So you are very fond of my poor Victor?” said the Marquise,
interrogating her niece with one of those sagacious glances which
dowagers give younger women.

“Alas, madame!” said Julie, “must one not love a man well indeed to
marry him?”

The words were spoken with an artless accent which revealed either a
pure heart or inscrutable depths. How could a woman, who had been the
friend of Duclos and the Marechal de Richelieu, refrain from trying to
read the riddle of this marriage? Aunt and niece were standing on the
steps, gazing after the fast vanishing caleche. The look in the young
Countess’ eyes did not mean love as the Marquise understood it. The good
lady was a Provencale, and her passions had been lively.

“So you were captivated by my good-for-nothing of a nephew?” she asked.

Involuntarily Julie shuddered, something in the experienced coquette’s
look and tone seemed to say that Mme. de Listomere-Landon’s knowledge
of her husband’s character went perhaps deeper than his wife’s. Mme.
d’Aiglemont, in dismay, took refuge in this transparent dissimulation,
ready to her hand, the first resource of an artless unhappiness. Mme.
de Listomere appeared to be satisfied with Julie’s answers; but in her
secret heart she rejoiced to think that here was a love affair on hand
to enliven her solitude, for that her niece had some amusing flirtation
on foot she was fully convinced.

In the great drawing-room, hung with tapestry framed in strips of
gilding, young Mme. d’Aiglemont sat before a blazing fire, behind a
Chinese screen placed to shut out the cold draughts from the window,
and her heavy mood scarcely lightened. Among the old eighteenth-century
furniture, under the old paneled ceiling, it was not very easy to be
gay. Yet the young Parisienne took a sort of pleasure in this entrance
upon a life of complete solitude and in the solemn silence of the old
provincial house. She exchanged a few words with the aunt, a stranger,
to whom she had written a bride’s letter on her marriage, and then sat
as silent as if she had been listening to an opera. Not until two hours
had been spent in an atmosphere of quiet befitting la Trappe, did she
suddenly awaken to a sense of uncourteous behavior, and bethink herself
of the short answers which she had given her aunt. Mme. de Listomere,
with the gracious tact characteristic of a bygone age, had respected
her niece’s mood. When Mme. d’Aiglemont became conscious of her
shortcomings, the dowager sat knitting, though as a matter of fact she
had several times left the room to superintend preparations in the
Green Chamber, whither the Countess’ luggage had been transported; now,
however, she had returned to her great armchair, and stole a glance from
time to time at this young relative. Julie felt ashamed of giving way
to irresistible broodings, and tried to earn her pardon by laughing at

“My dear child, _we_ know the sorrows of widowhood,” returned her aunt.
But only the eyes of forty years could have distinguished the irony
hovering about the old lady’s mouth.

Next morning the Countess improved. She talked. Mme. de Listomere no
longer despaired of fathoming the new-made wife, whom yesterday she had
set down as a dull, unsociable creature, and discoursed on the delights
of the country, of dances, of houses where they could visit. All that
day the Marquise’s questions were so many snares; it was the old habit
of the old Court, she could not help setting traps to discover her
niece’s character. For several days Julie, plied with temptations,
steadfastly declined to seek amusement abroad; and much as the old
lady’s pride longed to exhibit her pretty niece, she was fain to
renounce all hope of taking her into society, for the young Countess was
still in morning for her father, and found in her loss and her mourning
dress a pretext for her sadness and desire for seclusion.

By the end of the week the dowager admired Julie’s angelic sweetness
of disposition, her diffident charm, her indulgent temper, and
thenceforward began to take a prodigious interest in the mysterious
sadness gnawing at this young heart. The Countess was one of those women
who seem born to be loved and to bring happiness with them. Mme. de
Listomere found her niece’s society grown so sweet and precious, that
she doted upon Julie, and could no longer think of parting with her.
A month sufficed to establish an eternal friendship between the two
ladies. The dowager noticed, not without surprise, the changes that took
place in Mme. d’Aiglemont; gradually her bright color died away, and
her face became dead white. Yet, Julie’s spirits rose as the bloom faded
from her cheeks. Sometimes the dowager’s sallies provoked outbursts of
merriment or peals of laughter, promptly repressed, however, by some
clamorous thought.

Mme. de Listomere had guessed by this time that it was neither Victor’s
absence nor a father’s death which threw a shadow over her niece’s life;
but her mind was so full of dark suspicions, that she found it difficult
to lay a finger upon the real cause of the mischief. Possibly truth is
only discoverable by chance. A day came, however, at length when
Julie flashed out before her aunt’s astonished eyes into a complete
forgetfulness of her marriage; she recovered the wild spirits of
careless girlhood. Mme. de Listomere then and there made up her mind
to fathom the depths of this soul, for its exceeding simplicity was as
inscrutable as dissimulation.

Night was falling. The two ladies were sitting by the window which
looked out upon the street, and Julie was looking thoughtful again, when
some one went by on horseback.

“There goes one of your victims,” said the Marquise.

Mme. d’Aiglemont looked up; dismay and surprise blended in her face.

“He is a young Englishman, the Honorable Arthur Ormand, Lord Grenville’s
eldest son. His history is interesting. His physician sent him to
Montpellier in 1802; it was hoped that in that climate he might recover
from the lung complaint which was gaining ground. He was detained, like
all his fellow-countrymen, by Bonaparte when war broke out. That monster
cannot live without fighting. The young Englishman, by way of amusing
himself, took to studying his own complaint, which was believed to be
incurable. By degrees he acquired a liking for anatomy and physic, and
took quite a craze for that kind of thing, a most extraordinary taste
in a man of quality, though the Regent certainly amused himself with
chemistry! In short, Monsieur Arthur made astonishing progress in his
studies; his health did the same under the faculty of Montpellier; he
consoled his captivity, and at the same time his cure was thoroughly
completed. They say that he spent two whole years in a cowshed, living
on cresses and the milk of a cow brought from Switzerland, breathing as
seldom as he could, and never speaking a word. Since he come to Tours
he has lived quite alone; he is as proud as a peacock; but you have
certainly made a conquest of him, for probably it is not on my account
that he has ridden under the window twice every day since you have been
here.--He has certainly fallen in love with you.”

That last phrase roused the Countess like magic. Her involuntary start
and smile took the Marquise by surprise. So far from showing a sign of
the instinctive satisfaction felt by the most strait-laced of women when
she learns that she has destroyed the peace of mind of some male
victim, there was a hard, haggard expression in Julie’s face--a look of
repulsion amounting almost to loathing.

A woman who loves will put the whole world under the ban of Love’s
empire for the sake of the one whom she loves; but such a woman can
laugh and jest; and Julie at that moment looked as if the memory of some
recently escaped peril was too sharp and fresh not to bring with it a
quick sensation of pain. Her aunt, by this time convinced that Julie
did not love her nephew, was stupefied by the discovery that she loved
nobody else. She shuddered lest a further discovery should show her
Julie’s heart disenchanted, lest the experience of a day, or perhaps
of a night, should have revealed to a young wife the full extent of
Victor’s emptiness.

“If she has found him out, there is an end of it,” thought the dowager.
“My nephew will soon be made to feel the inconveniences of wedded life.”

The Marquise now proposed to convert Julie to the monarchical doctrines
of the times of Louis Quinze; but a few hours later she discovered, or,
more properly speaking, guessed, the not uncommon state of affairs, and
the real cause of her niece’s low spirits.

Julie turned thoughtful on a sudden, and went to her room earlier than
usual. When her maid left her for the night, she still sat by the fire
in the yellow velvet depths of a great chair, an old-world piece of
furniture as well suited for sorrow as for happy people. Tears flowed,
followed by sighs and meditation. After a while she drew a little table
to her, sought writing materials, and began to write. The hours went by
swiftly. Julie’s confidences made to the sheet of paper seemed to cost
her dear; every sentence set her dreaming, and at last she suddenly
burst into tears. The clocks were striking two. Her head, grown heavy as
a dying woman’s, was bowed over her breast. When she raised it, her
aunt appeared before her as suddenly as if she had stepped out of the
background of tapestry upon the walls.

“What can be the matter with you, child?” asked the Marquise. “Why are
you sitting up so late? And why, in the first place, are you crying
alone, at your age?”

Without further ceremony she sat down beside her niece, her eyes the
while devouring the unfinished letter.

“Were you writing to your husband?”

“Do I know where he is?” returned the Countess.

Her aunt thereupon took up the sheet and proceeded to read it. She had
brought her spectacles; the deed was premeditated. The innocent writer
of the letter allowed her to take it without the slightest remark. It
was neither lack of dignity nor consciousness of secret guilt which left
her thus without energy. Her aunt had come in upon her at a crisis. She
was helpless; right or wrong, reticence and confidence, like all things
else, were matters of indifference. Like some young maid who had heaped
scorn upon her lover, and feels so lonely and sad when evening comes,
that she longs for him to come back or for a heart to which she can pour
out her sorrow, Julie allowed her aunt to violate the seal which honor
places upon an open letter, and sat musing while the Marquise read on:--

  “MY DEAR LOUISA,--Why do you ask so often for the fulfilment of as
  rash a promise as two young and inexperienced girls could make?
  You say that you often ask yourself why I have given no answer to
  your questions for these six months. If my silence told you
  nothing, perhaps you will understand the reasons for it to-day, as
  you read the secrets which I am about to betray. I should have
  buried them for ever in the depths of my heart if you had not
  announced your own approaching marriage. You are about to be
  married, Louisa. The thought makes me shiver. Poor little one!
  marry, yes, in a few months’ time one of the keenest pangs of
  regret will be the recollection of a self which used to be, of the
  two young girls who sat one evening under one of the tallest
  oak-trees on the hillside at Ecouen, and looked along the fair
  valley at our feet in the light of the sunset, which caught us in
  its glow. We sat on a slab of rock in ecstasy, which sobered down
  into melancholy of the gentlest. You were the first to discover that
  the far-off sun spoke to us of the future. How inquisitive and how
  silly we were! Do you remember all the absurd things we said and
  did? We embraced each other; ‘like lovers,’ said we. We solemnly
  promised that the first bride should faithfully reveal to the
  other the mysteries of marriage, the joys which our childish minds
  imagined to be so delicious. That evening will complete your
  despair, Louisa. In those days you were young and beautiful and
  careless, if not radiantly happy; a few days of marriage, and you
  will be, what I am already--ugly, wretched, and old. Need I tell
  you how proud I was and how vain and glad to be married to Colonel
  Victor d’Aiglemont? And besides, how could I tell you now? for I
  cannot remember that old self. A few moments turned my girlhood to
  a dream. All through the memorable day which consecrated a chain,
  the extent of which was hidden from me, my behavior was not free
  from reproach. Once and again my father tried to repress my
  spirits; the joy which I showed so plainly was thought unbefitting
  the occasion, my talk scarcely innocent, simply because I was so
  innocent. I played endless child’s tricks with my bridal veil, my
  wreath, my gown. Left alone that night in the room whither I had
  been conducted in state, I planned a piece of mischief to tease
  Victor. While I awaited his coming, my heart beat wildly, as it
  used to do when I was a child stealing into the drawing-room on
  the last day of the old year to catch a glimpse of the New Year’s
  gifts piled up there in heaps. When my husband came in and looked
  for me, my smothered laughter ringing out from beneath the lace in
  which I had shrouded myself, was the last outburst of the
  delicious merriment which brightened our games in childhood...”

When the dowager had finished reading the letter, and after such a
beginning the rest must have been sad indeed, she slowly laid her
spectacles on the table, put the letter down beside them, and looked
fixedly at her niece. Age had not dimmed the fire in those green eyes as

“My little girl,” she said, “a married woman cannot write such a letter
as this to a young unmarried woman; it is scarcely proper--”

“So I was thinking,” Julie broke in upon her aunt. “I felt ashamed of
myself while you were reading it.”

“If a dish at table is not to our taste, there is no occasion to disgust
others with it, child,” the old lady continued benignly, “especially
when marriage has seemed to us all, from Eve downwards, so excellent an
institution... You have no mother?”

The Countess trembled, then she raised her face meekly, and said:

“I have missed my mother many times already during the past year; but I
have myself to blame, I would not listen to my father. He was opposed to
my marriage; he disapproved of Victor as a son-in-law.”

She looked at her aunt. The old face was lighted up with a kindly look,
and a thrill of joy dried Julie’s tears. She held out her young,
soft hand to the old Marquise, who seemed to ask for it, and the
understanding between the two women was completed by the close grasp of
their fingers.

“Poor orphan child!”

The words came like a final flash of enlightenment to Julie. It seemed
to her that she heard her father’s prophetic voice again.

“Your hands are burning! Are they always like this?” asked the Marquise.

“The fever only left me seven or eight days ago.”

“You had a fever upon you, and said nothing about it to me!”

“I have had it for a year,” said Julie, with a kind of timid anxiety.

“My good little angel, then your married life hitherto has been one long
time of suffering?”

Julie did not venture to reply, but an affirmative sign revealed the
whole truth.

“Then you are unhappy?”

“On! no, no, aunt. Victor loves me, he almost idolizes me, and I adore
him, he is so kind.”

“Yes, you love him; but you avoid him, do you not?”

“Yes... sometimes... He seeks me too often.”

“And often when you are alone you are troubled with the fear that he may
suddenly break in on your solitude?”

“Alas! yes, aunt. But, indeed, I love him, I do assure you.”

“Do you not, in your own thoughts, blame yourself because you find it
impossible to share his pleasures? Do you never think at times that
marriage is a heavier yoke than an illicit passion could be?”

“Oh, that is just it,” she wept. “It is all a riddle to me, and can you
guess it all? My faculties are benumbed, I have no ideas, I can scarcely
see at all. I am weighed down by vague dread, which freezes me till
I cannot feel, and keeps me in continual torpor. I have no voice with
which to pity myself, no words to express my trouble. I suffer, and I am
ashamed to suffer when Victor is happy at my cost.”

“Babyish nonsense, and rubbish, all of it!” exclaimed the aunt, and a
gay smile, an after-glow of the joys of her own youth, suddenly lighted
up her withered face.

“And do you too laugh!” the younger woman cried despairingly.

“It was just my own case,” the Marquise returned promptly. “And
now Victor has left you, you have become a girl again, recovering a
tranquillity without pleasure and without pain, have you not?”

Julie opened wide eyes of bewilderment.

“In fact, my angel, you adore Victor, do you not? But still you would
rather be a sister to him than a wife, and, in short, your marriage is
emphatically not a success?”

“Well--no, aunt. But why do you smile?”

“Oh! you are right, poor child! There is nothing very amusing in all
this. Your future would be big with more than one mishap if I had not
taken you under my protection, if my old experience of life had not
guessed the very innocent cause of your troubles. My nephew did
not deserve his good fortune, the blockhead! In the reign of our
well-beloved Louis Quinze, a young wife in your position would very
soon have punished her husband for behaving like a ruffian. The selfish
creature! The men who serve under this Imperial tyrant are all of them
ignorant boors. They take brutality for gallantry; they know no more of
women than they know of love; and imagine that because they go out
to face death on the morrow, they may dispense to-day with all
consideration and attentions for us. The time was when a man could love
and die too at the proper time. My niece, I will form you. I will put an
end to this unhappy divergence between you, a natural thing enough, but
it would end in mutual hatred and desire for a divorce, always supposing
that you did not die on the way to despair.”

Julie’s amazement equaled her surprise as she listened to her aunt. She
was surprised by her language, dimly divining rather than appreciating
the wisdom of the words she heard, and very much dismayed to find what
this relative, out of great experience, passed judgment upon Victor as
her father had done, though in somewhat milder terms. Perhaps some quick
prevision of the future crossed her mind; doubtless, at any rate, she
felt the heavy weight of the burden which must inevitably overwhelm
her, for she burst into tears, and sprang to the old lady’s arms. “Be my
mother,” she sobbed.

The aunt shed no tears. The Revolution had left old ladies of the
Monarchy but few tears to shed. Love, in bygone days, and the Terror at
a later time, had familiarized them with extremes of joy and anguish in
such a sort that, amid the perils of life, they preserved their dignity
and coolness, a capacity for sincere but undemonstrative affection
which never disturbed their well-bred self-possession, and a dignity of
demeanor which a younger generation has done very ill to discard.

The dowager took Julie in her arms, and kissed her on the forehead with
a tenderness and pity more often found in women’s ways and manner than
in their hearts. Then she coaxed her niece with kind, soothing words,
assured her of a happy future, lulled her with promises of love, and
put her to bed as if she had been not a niece, but a daughter, a
much-beloved daughter whose hopes and cares she had made her own.
Perhaps the old Marquise had found her own youth and inexperience and
beauty again in this nephew’s wife. And the Countess fell asleep, happy
to have found a friend, nay a mother, to whom she could tell everything

Next morning, when the two women kissed each other with heartfelt
kindness, and that look of intelligence which marks a real advance in
friendship, a closer intimacy between two souls, they heard the sound
of horsehoofs, and, turning both together, saw the young Englishman ride
slowly past the window, after his wont. Apparently he had made a certain
study of the life led by the two lonely women, for he never failed
to ride by as they sat at breakfast, and again at dinner. His horse
slackened pace of its own accord, and for the space of time required
to pass the two windows in the room, its rider turned a melancholy look
upon the Countess, who seldom deigned to take the slightest notion of
him. Not so the Marquise. Minds not necessarily little find it difficult
to resist the little curiosity which fastens upon the most trifling
event that enlivens provincial life; and the Englishman’s mute way of
expressing his timid, earnest love tickled Mme. de Listomere. For her
the periodically recurrent glance became a part of the day’s routine,
hailed daily with new jests. As the two women sat down to table, both of
them looked out at the same moment. This time Julie’s eyes met Arthur’s
with such a precision of sympathy that the color rose to her face. The
stranger immediately urged his horse into a gallop and went.

“What is to be done, madame?” asked Julie. “People see this Englishman
go past the house, and they will take it for granted that I--”

“Yes,” interrupted her aunt.

“Well, then, could I not tell him to discontinue his promenades?”

“Would not that be a way of telling him that he was dangerous? You might
put that notion into his head. And besides, can you prevent a man from
coming and going as he pleases? Our meals shall be served in another
room to-morrow; and when this young gentleman sees us no longer, there
will be an end of making love to you through the window. There, dear
child, that is how a woman of the world does.”

But the measure of Julie’s misfortune was to be filled up. The two women
had scarcely risen from table when Victor’s man arrived in hot haste
from Bourges with a letter for the Countess from her husband. The
servant had ridden by unfrequented ways.

Victor sent his wife news of the downfall of the Empire and the
capitulation of Paris. He himself had gone over to the Bourbons, and all
France was welcoming them back with transports of enthusiasm. He could
not go so far as Tours, but he begged her to come at once to join him at
Orleans, where he hoped to be in readiness with passports for her.
His servant, an old soldier, would be her escort so far as Orleans; he
(Victor) believed that the road was still open.

“You have not a moment to lose, madame,” said the man. “The Prussians,
Austrians, and English are about to effect a junction either at Blois or
at Orleans.”

A few hours later, Julie’s preparations were made, and she started out
upon her journey in an old traveling carriage lent by her aunt.

“Why should you not come with us to Paris?” she asked, as she put her
arms about the Marquise. “Now that the Bourbons have come back you would

“Even if there had not been this unhoped-for return, I should still have
gone to Paris, my poor child, for my advice is only too necessary to
both you and Victor. So I shall make all my preparations for rejoining
you there.”

Julie set out. She took her maid with her, and the old soldier galloped
beside the carriage as escort. At nightfall, as they changed horses for
the last stage before Blois, Julie grew uneasy. All the way from Amboise
she had heard the sound of wheels behind them, a carriage following hers
had kept at the same distance. She stood on the step and looked out
to see who her traveling companions might be, and in the moonlight saw
Arthur standing three paces away, gazing fixedly at the chaise which
contained her. Again their eyes met. The Countess hastily flung herself
back in her seat, but a feeling of dread set her pulses throbbing. It
seemed to her, as to most innocent and inexperienced young wives, that
she was herself to blame for this love which she had all unwittingly
inspired. With this thought came an instinctive terror, perhaps a sense
of her own helplessness before aggressive audacity. One of a man’s
strongest weapons is the terrible power of compelling a woman to think
of him when her naturally lively imagination takes alarm or offence at
the thought that she is followed.

The Countess bethought herself of her aunt’s advice, and made up her
mind that she would not stir from her place during the rest of the
journey; but every time the horses were changed she heard the Englishman
pacing round the two carriages, and again upon the road heard the
importunate sound of the wheels of his caleche. Julie soon began to
think that, when once reunited to her husband, Victor would know how to
defend her against this singular persecution.

“Yet suppose that in spite of everything, this young man does not love
me?” This was the thought that came last of all.

No sooner did she reach Orleans than the Prussians stopped the chaise.
It was wheeled into an inn-yard and put under a guard of soldiers.
Resistance was out of the question. The foreign soldiers made the three
travelers understand by signs that they were obeying orders, and that
no one could be allowed to leave the carriage. For about two hours the
Countess sat in tears, a prisoner surrounded by the guard, who smoked,
laughed, and occasionally stared at her with insolent curiosity. At
last, however, she saw her captors fall away from the carriage with a
sort of respect, and heard at the same time the sound of horses entering
the yard. Another moment, and a little group of foreign officers,
with an Austrian general at their head, gathered about the door of the
traveling carriage.

“Madame,” said the General, “pray accept our apologies. A mistake has
been made. You may continue your journey without fear; and here is a
passport which will spare you all further annoyance of any kind.”

Trembling the Countess took the paper, and faltered out some vague words
of thanks. She saw Arthur, now wearing an English uniform, standing
beside the General, and could not doubt that this prompt deliverance
was due to him. The young Englishman himself looked half glad, half
melancholy; his face was turned away, and he only dared to steal an
occasional glance at Julie’s face.

Thanks to the passport, Mme. d’Aiglemont reached Paris without further
misadventure, and there she found her husband. Victor d’Aiglemont,
released from his oath of allegiance to the Emperor, had met with a
most flattering reception from the Comte d’Artois, recently appointed
Lieutenant-General of the kingdom by his brother Louis XVIII.
D’Aiglemont received a commission in the Life Guards, equivalent to
the rank of general. But amid the rejoicings over the return of the
Bourbons, fate dealt poor Julie a terrible blow. The death of the
Marquise de Listomere-Landon was an irreparable loss. The old lady died
of joy and of an accession of gout to the heart when the Duc d’Angouleme
came back to Tours, and the one living being entitled by her age to
enlighten Victor, the woman who, by discreet counsels, might have
brought about perfect unanimity of husband and wife, was dead; and Julie
felt the full extent of her loss. Henceforward she must stand alone
between herself and her husband. But she was young and timid; there
could be no doubt of the result, or that from the first she would
elect to bear her lot in silence. The very perfections of her character
forbade her to venture to swerve from her duties, or to attempt to
inquire into the cause of her sufferings, for to put an end to them
would have been to venture on delicate ground, and Julie’s girlish
modesty shrank from the thought.

A word as to M. d’Aiglemont’s destinies under the Restoration.

How many men are there whose utter incapacity is a secret kept from
most of their acquaintance. For such as these high rank, high office,
illustrious birth, a certain veneer of politeness, and considerable
reserve of manner, or the _prestige_ of great fortunes, are but so many
sentinels to turn back critics who would penetrate to the presence
of the real man. Such men are like kings, in that their real figure,
character, and life can never be known nor justly appreciated, because
they are always seen from too near or too far. Factitious merit has a
way of asking questions and saying little; and understands the art of
putting others forward to save the necessity of posing before them;
then, with a happy knack of its own, it draws and attaches others by
the thread of the ruling passion of self-interest, keeping men of far
greater abilities to play like puppets, and despising those whom it has
brought down to its own level. The petty fixed idea naturally prevails;
it has the advantage of persistence over the plasticity of great

The observer who should seek to estimate and appraise the negative
values of these empty heads needs subtlety rather than superior wit for
the task; patience is a more necessary part of his judicial outfit
than great mental grasp, cunning and tact rather than any elevation or
greatness of ideas. Yet skilfully as such usurpers can cover and
defend their weak points, it is difficult to delude wife and mother
and children and the house-friend of the family; fortunately for them,
however, these persons almost always keep a secret which in a manner
touches the honor of all, and not unfrequently go so far as to help to
foist the imposture upon the public. And if, thanks to such domestic
conspiracy, many a noodle passes current for a man of ability, on the
other hand many another who has real ability is taken for a noodle to
redress the balance, and the total average of this kind of false coin in
circulation in the state is a pretty constant quantity.

Bethink yourself now of the part to be played by a clever woman quick to
think and feel, mated with a husband of this kind, and can you not see
a vision of lives full of sorrow and self-sacrifice? Nothing upon
earth can repay such hearts so full of love and tender tact. Put a
strong-willed woman in this wretched situation, and she will force a
way out of it for herself by a crime, like Catherine II., whom men
nevertheless style “the Great.” But these women are not all seated upon
thrones, they are for the most part doomed to domestic unhappiness none
the less terrible because obscure.

Those who seek consolation in this present world for their woes often
effect nothing but a change of ills if they remain faithful to their
duties; or they commit a sin if they break the laws for their pleasure.
All these reflections are applicable to Julie’s domestic life.

Before the fall of Napoleon nobody was jealous of d’Aiglemont. He was
one colonel among many, an efficient orderly staff-officer, as good a
man as you could find for a dangerous mission, as unfit as well could
be for an important command. D’Aiglemont was looked upon as a dashing
soldier such as the Emperor liked, the kind of man whom his mess usually
calls “a good fellow.” The Restoration gave him back his title of
Marquis, and did not find him ungrateful; he followed the Bourbons into
exile at Ghent, a piece of logical loyalty which falsified the horoscope
drawn for him by his late father-in-law, who predicted that Victor would
remain a colonel all his life. After the Hundred Days he received the
appointment of Lieutenant-General, and for the second time became a
marquis; but it was M. d’Aiglemont’s ambition to be a peer of France. He
adopted, therefore, the maxims and the politics of the _Conservateur_,
cloaked himself in dissimulation which hid nothing (there being nothing
to hide), cultivated gravity of countenance and the art of asking
questions and saying little, and was taken for a man of profound wisdom.
Nothing drew him from his intrenchments behind the forms of politeness;
he laid in a provision of formulas, and made lavish use of his stock of
the catch-words coined at need in Paris to give fools the small change
for the ore of great ideas and events. Among men of the world he was
reputed a man of taste and discernment; and as a bigoted upholder of
aristocratic opinions he was held up for a noble character. If by chance
he slipped now and again into his old light-heartedness or levity,
others were ready to discover an undercurrent of diplomatic intention
beneath his inanity and silliness. “Oh! he only says exactly as much as
he means to say,” thought these excellent people.

So d’Aiglemont’s defects and good qualities stood him alike in good
stead. He did nothing to forfeit a high military reputation gained by
his dashing courage, for he had never been a commander-in-chief. Great
thoughts surely were engraven upon that manly aristocratic countenance,
which imposed upon every one but his own wife. And when everybody else
believed in the Marquis d’Aiglemont’s imaginary talents, the Marquis
persuaded himself before he had done that he was one of the most
remarkable men at Court, where, thanks to his purely external
qualifications, he was in favor and taken at his own valuation.

At home, however, M. d’Aiglemont was modest. Instinctively he felt
that his wife, young though she was, was his superior; and out of this
involuntary respect there grew an occult power which the Marquise was
obliged to wield in spite of all her efforts to shake off the burden.
She became her husband’s adviser, the director of his actions and his
fortunes. It was an unnatural position; she felt it as something of a
humiliation, a source of pain to be buried in the depths of her heart.
From the first her delicately feminine instinct told her that it is a
far better thing to obey a man of talent than to lead a fool; and that
a young wife compelled to act and think like a man is neither man nor
woman, but a being who lays aside all the charms of her womanhood along
with its misfortunes, yet acquires none of the privileges which our
laws give to the stronger sex. Beneath the surface her life was a bitter
mockery. Was she not compelled to protect her protector, to worship a
hollow idol, a poor creature who flung her the love of a selfish husband
as the wages of her continual self-sacrifice; who saw nothing in her but
the woman; and who either did not think it worth while, or (wrong quite
as deep) did not think at all of troubling himself about her pleasures,
of inquiring into the cause of her low spirits and dwindling health? And
the Marquis, like most men who chafe under a wife’s superiority,
saved his self-love by arguing from Julie’s physical feebleness a
corresponding lack of mental power, for which he was pleased to pity
her; and he would cry out upon fate which had given him a sickly girl
for a wife. The executioner posed, in fact, as the victim.

All the burdens of this dreary lot fell upon the Marquise, who still
must smile upon her foolish lord, and deck a house of mourning with
flowers, and make a parade of happiness in a countenance wan with secret
torture. And with this sense of responsibility for the honor of
both, with the magnificent immolation of self, the young Marquise
unconsciously acquired a wifely dignity, a consciousness of virtue which
became her safeguard amid many dangers.

Perhaps, if her heart were sounded to the very depths, this intimate
closely hidden wretchedness, following upon her unthinking, girlish
first love, had roused in her an abhorrence of passion; possibly she had
no conception of its rapture, nor of the forbidden but frenzied bliss
for which some women will renounce all the laws of prudence and the
principles of conduct upon which society is based. She put from her like
a dream the thought of bliss and tender harmony of love promised by Mme.
de Listomere-Landon’s mature experience, and waited resignedly for the
end of her troubles with a hope that she might die young.

Her health had declined daily since her return from Touraine; her
life seemed to be measured to her in suffering; yet her ill-health was
graceful, her malady seemed little more than languor, and might well be
taken by careless eyes for a fine lady’s whim of invalidism.

Her doctors had condemned her to keep to the sofa, and there among
her flowers lay the Marquise, fading as they faded. She was not strong
enough to walk, nor to bear the open air, and only went out in a closed
carriage. Yet with all the marvels of modern luxury and invention about
her, she looked more like an indolent queen than an invalid. A few of
her friends, half in love perhaps with her sad plight and her fragile
look, sure of finding her at home, and speculating no doubt upon her
future restoration to health, would come to bring her the news of the
day, and kept her informed of the thousand and one small events which
fill life in Paris with variety. Her melancholy, deep and real though it
was was still the melancholy of a woman rich in many ways. The Marquise
d’Aiglemont was like a flower, with a dark insect gnawing at its root.

Occasionally she went into society, not to please herself, but in
obedience to the exigencies of the position which her husband aspired to
take. In society her beautiful voice and the perfection of her singing
could always gain the social success so gratifying to a young woman; but
what was social success to her, who drew nothing from it for her heart
or her hopes? Her husband did not care for music. And, moreover, she
seldom felt at her ease in salons, where her beauty attracted homage not
wholly disinterested. Her position excited a sort of cruel compassion,
a morbid curiosity. She was suffering from an inflammatory complaint not
infrequently fatal, for which our nosology as yet has found no name, a
complaint spoken of among women in confidential whispers. In spite of
the silence in which her life was spent, the cause of her ill-health
was no secret. She was still but a girl in spite of her marriage; the
slightest glance threw her into confusion. In her endeavor not to blush,
she was always laughing, always apparently in high spirits; she would
never admit that she was not perfectly well, and anticipated questions
as to her health by shame-stricken subterfuges.

In 1817, however, an event took place which did much to alleviate
Julie’s hitherto deplorable existence. A daughter was born to her, and
she determined to nurse her child herself. For two years motherhood,
its all-absorbing multiplicity of cares and anxious joys, made life
less hard for her. She and her husband lived necessarily apart. Her
physicians predicted improved health, but the Marquise herself put no
faith in these auguries based on theory. Perhaps, like many a one for
whom life has lost its sweetness, she looked forward to death as a happy
termination of the drama.

But with the beginning of the year 1819 life grew harder than ever. Even
while she congratulated herself upon the negative happiness which she
had contrived to win, she caught a terrifying glimpse of yawning depths
below it. She had passed by degrees out of her husband’s life. Her fine
tact and her prudence told her that misfortune must come, and that not
singly, of this cooling of an affection already lukewarm and wholly
selfish. Sure though she was of her ascendency over Victor, and certain
as she felt of his unalterable esteem, she dreaded the influence of
unbridled passions upon a head so empty, so full of rash self-conceit.

Julie’s friends often found her absorbed in prolonged musings; the less
clairvoyant among them would jestingly ask her what she was thinking
about, as if a young wife would think of nothing but frivolity, as
if there were not almost always a depth of seriousness in a mother’s
thoughts. Unhappiness, like great happiness, induces dreaming. Sometimes
as Julie played with her little Helene, she would gaze darkly at her,
giving no reply to the childish questions in which a mother delights,
questioning the present and the future as to the destiny of this little
one. Then some sudden recollection would bring back the scene of the
review at the Tuileries and fill her eyes with tears. Her father’s
prophetic warnings rang in her ears, and conscience reproached her that
she had not recognized its wisdom. Her troubles had all come of her
own wayward folly, and often she knew not which among so many were the
hardest to bear. The sweet treasures of her soul were unheeded, and not
only so, she could never succeed in making her husband understand
her, even in the commonest everyday things. Just as the power to love
developed and grew strong and active, a legitimate channel for
the affections of her nature was denied her, and wedded love was
extinguished in grave physical and mental sufferings. Add to this that
she now felt for her husband that pity closely bordering upon contempt,
which withers all affection at last. Even if she had not learned from
conversations with some of her friends, from examples in life, from
sundry occurrences in the great world, that love can bring ineffable
bliss, her own wounds would have taught her to divine the pure and deep
happiness which binds two kindred souls each to each.

In the picture which her memory traced of the past, Arthur’s frank face
stood out daily nobler and purer; it was but a flash, for upon that
recollection she dared not dwell. The young Englishman’s shy, silent
love for her was the one event since her marriage which had left a
lingering sweetness in her darkened and lonely heart. It may be that all
the blighted hopes, all the frustrated longings which gradually clouded
Julie’s mind, gathered, by a not unnatural trick of imagination, about
this man--whose manners, sentiments, and character seemed to have so
much in common with her own. This idea still presented itself to her
mind fitfully and vaguely, like a dream; yet from that dream, which
always ended in a sigh, Julie awoke to greater wretchedness, to keener
consciousness of the latent anguish brooding beneath her imaginary

Occasionally her self-pity took wilder and more daring flights. She
determined to have happiness at any cost; but still more often she lay a
helpless victim of an indescribable numbing stupor, the words she heard
had no meaning to her, or the thoughts which arose in her mind were so
vague and indistinct that she could not find language to express them.
Balked of the wishes of her heart, realities jarred harshly upon her
girlish dreams of life, but she was obliged to devour her tears. To
whom could she make complaint? Of whom be understood? She possessed,
moreover, that highest degree of woman’s sensitive pride, the exquisite
delicacy of feeling which silences useless complainings and declines to
use an advantage to gain a triumph which can only humiliate both victor
and vanquished.

Julie tried to endow M. d’Aiglemont with her own abilities and virtues,
flattering herself that thus she might enjoy the happiness lacking in
her lot. All her woman’s ingenuity and tact was employed in making the
best of the situation; pure waste of pains unsuspected by him, whom
she thus strengthened in his despotism. There were moments when misery
became an intoxication, expelling all ideas, all self-control; but,
fortunately, sincere piety always brought her back to one supreme hope;
she found a refuge in the belief in a future life, a wonderful thought
which enabled her to take up her painful task afresh. No elation of
victory followed those terrible inward battles and throes of anguish;
no one knew of those long hours of sadness; her haggard glances met
no response from human eyes, and during the brief moments snatched by
chance for weeping, her bitter tears fell unheeded and in solitude.

One evening in January 1820, the Marquise became aware of the full
gravity of the crisis, gradually brought on by force of circumstances.
When a husband and wife know each other thoroughly, and their relation
has long been a matter of use and wont, when the wife has learned to
interpret every slightest sign, when her quick insight discerns thoughts
and facts which her husband keeps from her, a chance word, or a remark
so carelessly let fall in the first instance, seems, upon subsequent
reflection, like the swift breaking out of light. A wife not seldom
suddenly awakes upon the brink of a precipice or in the depths of the
abyss; and thus it was with the Marquise. She was feeling glad to have
been left to herself for some days, when the real reason of her solitude
flashed upon her. Her husband, whether fickle and tired of her, or
generous and full of pity for her, was hers no longer.

In the moment of that discovery she forgot herself, her sacrifices, all
that she had passed through, she remembered only that she was a mother.
Looking forward, she thought of her daughter’s fortune, of the future
welfare of the one creature through whom some gleams of happiness came
to her, of her Helene, the only possession which bound her to life.

Then Julie wished to live to save her child from a stepmother’s terrible
thraldom, which might crush her darling’s life. Upon this new vision of
threatened possibilities followed one of those paroxysms of thought at
fever-heat which consume whole years of life.

Henceforward husband and wife were doomed to be separated by a whole
world of thought, and all the weight of that world she must bear alone.
Hitherto she had felt sure that Victor loved her, in so far as he could
be said to love; she had been the slave of pleasures which she did
not share; to-day the satisfaction of knowing that she purchased his
contentment with her tears was hers no longer. She was alone in the
world, nothing was left to her now but a choice of evils. In the calm
stillness of the night her despondency drained her of all her strength.
She rose from her sofa beside the dying fire, and stood in the lamplight
gazing, dry-eyed, at her child, when M. d’Aiglemont came in. He was in
high spirits. Julie called to him to admire Helene as she lay asleep,
but he met his wife’s enthusiasm with a commonplace:

“All children are nice at that age.”

He closed the curtains about the cot after a careless kiss on the
child’s forehead. Then he turned his eyes on Julie, took her hand and
drew her to sit beside him on the sofa, where she had been sitting with
such dark thoughts surging up in her mind.

“You are looking very handsome to-night, Mme. d’Aiglemont,” he
exclaimed, with the gaiety intolerable to the Marquise, who knew its
emptiness so well.

“Where have you spent the evening?” she asked, with a pretence of
complete indifference.

“At Mme. de Serizy’s.”

He had taken up a fire-screen, and was looking intently at the gauze. He
had not noticed the traces of tears on his wife’s face. Julie shuddered.
Words could not express the overflowing torrent of thoughts which must
be forced down into inner depths.

“Mme. de Serizy is giving a concert on Monday, and is dying for you to
go. You have not been anywhere for some time past, and that is enough
to set her longing to see you at her house. She is a good-natured
woman, and very fond of you. I should be glad if you would go; I all but
promised that you should----”

“I will go.”

There was something so penetrating, so significant in the tones of
Julie’s voice, in her accent, in the glance that went with the words,
that Victor, startled out of his indifference, stared at his wife in

That was all, Julie had guessed that it was Mme. de Serizy who had
stolen her husband’s heart from her. Her brooding despair benumbed her.
She appeared to be deeply interested in the fire. Victor meanwhile still
played with the fire-screen. He looked bored, like a man who has enjoyed
himself elsewhere, and brought home the consequent lassitude. He yawned
once or twice, then he took up a candle in one hand, and with the
other languidly sought his wife’s neck for the usual embrace; but Julie
stooped and received the good-night kiss upon her forehead; the formal,
loveless grimace seemed hateful to her at that moment.

As soon as the door closed upon Victor, his wife sank into a seat. Her
limbs tottered beneath her, she burst into tears. None but those who
have endured the torture of some such scene can fully understand the
anguish that it means, or divine the horror of the long-drawn tragedy
arising out of it.

Those simple, foolish words, the silence that followed between the
husband and wife, the Marquis’ gesture and expression, the way in which
he sat before the fire, his attitude as he made that futile attempt to
put a kiss on his wife’s throat,--all these things made up a dark hour
for Julie, and the catastrophe of the drama of her sad and lonely life.
In her madness she knelt down before the sofa, burying her face in it
to shut out everything from sight, and prayed to Heaven, putting a new
significance into the words of the evening prayer, till it became a cry
from the depths of her own soul, which would have gone to her husband’s
heart if he had heard it.

The following week she spent in deep thought for her future, utterly
overwhelmed by this new trouble. She made a study of it, trying to
discover a way to regain her ascendency over the Marquis, scheming how
to live long enough to watch over her daughter’s happiness, yet to live
true to her own heart. Then she made up her mind. She would struggle
with her rival. She would shine once more in society. She would feign
the love which she could no longer feel, she would captivate her
husband’s fancy; and when she had lured him into her power, she
would coquet with him like a capricious mistress who takes delight in
tormenting a lover. This hateful strategy was the only possible way out
of her troubles. In this way she would become mistress of the situation;
she would prescribe her own sufferings at her good pleasure, and reduce
them by enslaving her husband, and bringing him under a tyrannous yoke.
She felt not the slightest remorse for the hard life which he should
lead. At a bound she reached cold, calculating indifference--for her
daughter’s sake. She had gained a sudden insight into the treacherous,
lying arts of degraded women; the wiles of coquetry, the revolting
cunning which arouses such profound hatred in men at the mere suspicion
of innate corruption in a woman.

Julie’s feminine vanity, her interests, and a vague desire to inflict
punishment, all wrought unconsciously with the mother’s love within
her to force her into a path where new sufferings awaited her. But her
nature was too noble, her mind too fastidious, and, above all things,
too open, to be the accomplice of these frauds for very long. Accustomed
as she was to self-scrutiny, at the first step in vice--for vice it
was--the cry of conscience must inevitably drown the clamor of the
passions and of selfishness. Indeed, in a young wife whose heart is
still pure, whose love has never been mated, the very sentiment of
motherhood is overpowered by modesty. Modesty; is not all womanhood
summed up in that? But just now Julie would not see any danger, anything
wrong, in her life.

She went to Mme. de Serizy’s concert. Her rival had expected to see a
pallid, drooping woman. The Marquise wore rouge, and appeared in all the
splendor of a toilet which enhanced her beauty.

Mme. de Serizy was one of those women who claim to exercise a sort of
sway over fashions and society in Paris; she issued her decrees, saw
them received in her own circle, and it seemed to her that all the world
obeyed them. She aspired to epigram, she set up for an authority in
matters of taste. Literature, politics, men and women, all alike were
submitted to her censorship, and the lady herself appeared to defy the
censorship of others. Her house was in every respect a model of good

Julie triumphed over the Countess in her own salon, filled as it was
with beautiful women and women of fashion. Julie’s liveliness and
sparkling wit gathered all the most distinguished men in the rooms about
her. Her costume was faultless, for the despair of the women, who one
and all envied her the fashion of her dress, and attributed the moulded
outline of her bodice to the genius of some unknown dressmaker, for
women would rather believe in miracles worked by the science of chiffons
than in the grace and perfection of the form beneath.

When Julie went to the piano to sing Desdemona’s song, the men in the
rooms flocked about her to hear the celebrated voice so long mute, and
there was a deep silence. The Marquise saw the heads clustered thickly
in the doorways, saw all eyes turned upon her, and a sharp thrill of
excitement quivered through her. She looked for her husband, gave him
a coquettish side-glance, and it pleased her to see that his vanity was
gratified to no small degree. In the joy of triumph she sang the first
part of _Al piu salice_. Her audience was enraptured. Never had Malibran
nor Pasta sung with expression and intonation so perfect. But at the
beginning of the second part she glanced over the glistening groups
and saw--Arthur. He never took his eyes from her face. A quick shudder
thrilled through her, and her voice faltered. Up hurried Mme. de Serizy
from her place.

“What is it, dear? Oh! poor little thing! she is in such weak health; I
was so afraid when I saw her begin a piece so far beyond her strength.”

The song was interrupted. Julie was vexed. She had not courage to sing
any longer, and submitted to her rival’s treacherous sympathy. There was
a whisper among the women. The incident led to discussions; they guessed
that the struggle had begun between the Marquise and Mme. de Serizy, and
their tongues did not spare the latter.

Julie’s strange, perturbing presentiments were suddenly realized.
Through her preoccupation with Arthur she had loved to imagine that with
that gentle, refined face he must remain faithful to his first love.
There were times when she felt proud that this ideal, pure, and
passionate young love should have been hers; the passion of the young
lover whose thoughts are all for her to whom he dedicates every moment
of his life, who blushes as a woman blushes, thinks as a woman might
think, forgetting ambition, fame, and fortune in devotion to his
love,--she need never fear a rival. All these things she had fondly and
idly dreamed of Arthur; now all at once it seemed to her that her dream
had come true. In the young Englishman’s half-feminine face she read
the same deep thoughts, the same pensive melancholy, the same passive
acquiescence in a painful lot, and an endurance like her own. She saw
herself in him. Trouble and sadness are the most eloquent of love’s
interpreters, and response is marvelously swift between two suffering
creatures, for in them the powers of intuition and of assimilation of
facts and ideas are well-nigh unerring and perfect. So with the violence
of the shock the Marquise’s eyes were opened to the whole extent of
the future danger. She was only too glad to find a pretext for her
nervousness in her chronic ill-health, and willingly submitted to be
overwhelmed by Mme. de Serizy’s insidious compassion.

That incident of the song caused talk and discussion which differed with
the various groups. Some pitied Julie’s fate, and regretted that such a
remarkable woman was lost to society; others fell to wondering what the
cause of her ill-health and seclusion could be.

“Well, now, my dear Ronquerolles,” said the Marquis, addressing Mme. de
Serizy’s brother, “you used to envy me my good fortune, and you used to
blame me for my infidelities. Pshaw, you would not find much to envy in
my lot, if, like me, you had a pretty wife so fragile that for the past
two years you might not so much as kiss her hand for fear of damaging
her. Do not you encumber yourself with one of those fragile ornaments,
only fit to put in a glass case, so brittle and so costly that you are
always obliged to be careful of them. They tell me that you are afraid
of snow or wet for that fine horse of yours; how often do you ride him?
That is just my own case. It is true that my wife gives me no ground for
jealousy, but my marriage is purely ornamental business; if you think
that I am a married man, you are grossly mistaken. So there is some
excuse for my unfaithfulness. I should dearly like to know what you
gentlemen who laugh at me would do in my place. Not many men would be so
considerate as I am. I am sure,” (here he lowered his voice) “that Mme.
d’Aiglemont suspects nothing. And then, of course, I have no right to
complain at all; I am very well off. Only there is nothing more trying
for a man who feels things than the sight of suffering in a poor
creature to whom you are attached----”

“You must have a very sensitive nature, then,” said M. de Ronquerolles,
“for you are not often at home.”

Laughter followed on the friendly epigram; but Arthur, who made one of
the group, maintained a frigid imperturbability in his quality of an
English gentleman who takes gravity for the very basis of his being.
D’Aiglemont’s eccentric confidence, no doubt, had kindled some kind of
hope in Arthur, for he stood patiently awaiting an opportunity of a word
with the Marquis. He had not to wait long.

“My Lord Marquis,” he said, “I am unspeakably pained to see the state of
Mme. d’Aiglemont’s health. I do not think that you would talk jestingly
about it if you knew that unless she adopts a certain course of
treatment she must die miserably. If I use this language to you, it is
because I am in a manner justified in using it, for I am quite certain
that I can save Mme. d’Aiglemont’s life and restore her to health
and happiness. It is odd, no doubt, that a man of my rank should be
a physician, yet nevertheless chance determined that I should study
medicine. I find life dull enough here,” he continued, affecting a cold
selfishness to gain his ends, “it makes no difference to me whether I
spend my time and travel for the benefit of a suffering fellow-creature,
or waste it in Paris on some nonsense or other. It is very, very seldom
that a cure is completed in these complaints, for they require constant
care, time, and patience, and, above all things, money. Travel is
needed, and a punctilious following out of prescriptions, by no means
unpleasant, and varied daily. Two _gentlemen_” (laying a stress on
the word in its English sense) “can understand each other. I give you
warning that if you accept my proposal, you shall be a judge of my
conduct at every moment. I will do nothing without consulting you,
without your superintendence, and I will answer for the success of my
method if you will consent to follow it. Yes, unless you wish to be Mme.
d’Aiglemont’s husband no longer, and that before long,” he added in the
Marquis’ ear.

The Marquis laughed. “One thing is certain--that only an Englishman
could make me such an extraordinary proposal,” he said. “Permit me to
leave it unaccepted and unrejected. I will think it over; and my wife
must be consulted first in any case.”

Julie had returned to the piano. This time she sang a song from
_Semiramide, Son regina, son guerriera_, and the whole room applauded, a
stifled outburst of wellbred acclamation which proved that the Faubourg
Saint-Germain had been roused to enthusiasm by her singing.

The evening was over. D’Aiglemont brought his wife home, and Julie
saw with uneasy satisfaction that her first attempt had at once been
successful. Her husband had been roused out of indifference by the part
which she had played, and now he meant to honor her with such a passing
fancy as he might bestow upon some opera nymph. It amused Julie that
she, a virtuous married woman, should be treated thus. She tried to play
with her power, but at the outset her kindness broke down once more, and
she received the most terrible of all the lessons held in store for her
by fate.

Between two and three o’clock in the morning Julie sat up, sombre and
moody, beside her sleeping husband, in the room dimly lighted by the
flickering lamp. Deep silence prevailed. Her agony of remorse had lasted
near an hour; how bitter her tears had been none perhaps can realize
save women who have known such an experience as hers. Only such natures
as Julie’s can feel her loathing for a calculated caress, the horror
of a loveless kiss, of the heart’s apostasy followed by dolorous
prostitution. She despised herself; she cursed marriage. She could have
longed for death; perhaps if it had not been for a cry from her child,
she would have sprung from the window and dashed herself upon the
pavement. M. d’Aiglemont slept on peacefully at her side; his wife’s hot
dropping tears did not waken him.

But next morning Julie could be gay. She made a great effort to look
happy, to hide, not her melancholy, as heretofore, but an insuperable
loathing. From that day she no longer regarded herself as a blameless
wife. Had she not been false to herself? Why should she not play a
double part in the future, and display astounding depths of cunning in
deceiving her husband? In her there lay a hitherto undiscovered latent
depravity, lacking only opportunity, and her marriage was the cause.

Even now she had asked herself why she should struggle with love, when,
with her heart and her whole nature in revolt, she gave herself to the
husband whom she loved no longer. Perhaps, who knows? some piece of
fallacious reasoning, some bit of special pleading, lies at the root of
all sins, of all crimes. How shall society exist unless every
individual of which it is composed will make the necessary sacrifices
of inclination demanded by its laws? If you accept the benefits of
civilized society, do you not by implication engage to observe the
conditions, the conditions of its very existence? And yet, starving
wretches, compelled to respect the laws of property, are not less to be
pitied than women whose natural instincts and sensitiveness are turned
to so many avenues of pain.

A few days after that scene of which the secret lay buried in the
midnight couch, d’Aiglemont introduced Lord Grenville. Julie gave the
guest a stiffly polite reception, which did credit to her powers of
dissimulation. Resolutely she silenced her heart, veiled her eyes,
steadied her voice, and she kept her future in her own hands. Then, when
by these devices, this innate woman-craft, as it may be called, she
had discovered the full extent of the love which she inspired, Mme.
d’Aiglemont welcomed the hope of a speedy cure, and no longer opposed
her husband, who pressed her to accept the young doctor’s offer. Yet she
declined to trust herself with Lord Grenville until after some further
study of his words and manner, she could feel certain that he had
sufficient generosity to endure his pain in silence. She had absolute
power over him, and she had begun to abuse that power already. Was she
not a woman?

Montcontour is an old manor-house build upon the sandy cliffs above the
Loire, not far from the bridge where Julie’s journey was interrupted in
1814. It is a picturesque, white chateau, with turrets covered with
fine stone carving like Mechlin lace; a chateau such as you often see
in Touraine, spick and span, ivy clad, standing among its groves
of mulberry trees and vineyards, with its hollow walks, its stone
balustrades, and cellars mined in the rock escarpments mirrored in the
Loire. The roofs of Montcontour gleam in the sun; the whole land glows
in the burning heat. Traces of the romantic charm of Spain and the south
hover about the enchanting spot. The breeze brings the scent of bell
flowers and golden broom, the air is soft, all about you lies a sunny
land, a land which casts its dreamy spell over your soul, a land of
languor and of soft desire, a fair, sweet-scented country, where pain is
lulled to sleep and passion wakes. No heart is cold for long beneath its
clear sky, beside its sparkling waters. One ambition dies after another,
and you sink into serene content and repose, as the sun sinks at the end
of the day swathed about with purple and azure.

One warm August evening in 1821 two people were climbing the paths cut
in the crags above the chateau, doubtless for the sake of the view from
the heights above. The two were Julie and Lord Grenville, but this Julie
seemed to be a new creature. The unmistakable color of health glowed in
her face. Overflowing vitality had brought a light into her eyes, which
sparkled through a moist film with that liquid brightness which gives
such irresistible charm to the eyes of children. She was radiant with
smiles; she felt the joy of living and all the possibilities of life.
From the very way in which she lifted her little feet, it was easy to
see that no suffering trammeled her lightest movements; there was no
heaviness nor languor in her eyes, her voice, as heretofore. Under the
white silk sunshade which screened her from the hot sunlight, she looked
like some young bride beneath her veil, or a maiden waiting to yield to
the magical enchantments of Love.

Arthur led her with a lover’s care, helping her up the pathway as if she
had been a child, finding the smoothest ways, avoiding the stones for
her, bidding her see glimpses of distance, or some flower beside the
path, always with the unfailing goodness, the same delicate design in
all that he did; the intuitive sense of this woman’s wellbeing seemed to
be innate in him, and as much, nay, perhaps more, a part of his being as
the pulse of his own life.

The patient and her doctor went step for step. There was nothing strange
for them in a sympathy which seemed to have existed since the day when
they first walked together. One will swayed them both; they stopped as
their senses received the same impression; every word and every glance
told of the same thought in either mind. They had climbed up through the
vineyards, and now they turned to sit on one of the long white stones,
quarried out of the caves in the hillside; but Julie stood awhile gazing
out over the landscape.

“What a beautiful country!” she cried. “Let us put up a tent and live
here. Victor, Victor, do come up here!”

M. d’Aiglemont answered by a halloo from below. He did not, however,
hurry himself, merely giving his wife a glance from time to time when
the windings of the path gave him a glimpse of her. Julie breathed
the air with delight. She looked up at Arthur, giving him one of those
subtle glances in which a clever woman can put the whole of her thought.

“Ah, I should like to live here always,” she said. “Would it be possible
to tire of this beautiful valley?--What is the picturesque river called,
do you know?”

“That is the Cise.”

“The Cise,” she repeated. “And all this country below, before us?”

“Those are the low hills above the Cher.”

“And away to the right? Ah, that is Tours. Only see how fine the
cathedral towers look in the distance.”

She was silent, and let fall the hand which she had stretched out
towards the view upon Arthur’s. Both admired the wide landscape made up
of so much blended beauty. Neither of them spoke. The murmuring voice of
the river, the pure air, and the cloudless heaven were all in tune with
their thronging thoughts and their youth and the love in their hearts.

“Oh! _mon Dieu_, how I love this country!” Julie continued, with growing
and ingenuous enthusiasm. “You lived here for a long while, did you
not?” she added after a pause.

A thrill ran through Lord Grenville at her words.

“It was down there,” he said, in a melancholy voice, indicating as he
spoke a cluster of walnut trees by the roadside, “that I, a prisoner,
saw you for the first time.”

“Yes, but even at that time I felt very sad. This country looked wild to
me then, but now----” She broke off, and Lord Grenville did not dare to
look at her.

“All this pleasure I owe to you,” Julie began at last, after a long
silence. “Only the living can feel the joy of life, and until now have
I not been dead to it all? You have given me more than health, you have
made me feel all its worth--”

Women have an inimitable talent for giving utterance to strong feelings
in colorless words; a woman’s eloquence lies in tone and gesture, manner
and glance. Lord Grenville hid his face in his hands, for his tears
filled his eyes. This was Julie’s first word of thanks since they left
Paris a year ago.

For a whole year he had watched over the Marquise, putting his whole
self into the task. D’Aiglemont seconding him, he had taken her first to
Aix, then to la Rochelle, to be near the sea. From moment to moment he
had watched the changes worked in Julie’s shattered constitution by
his wise and simple prescriptions. He had cultivated her health as
an enthusiastic gardener might cultivate a rare flower. Yet, to all
appearance, the Marquise had quietly accepted Arthur’s skill and care
with the egoism of a spoiled Parisienne, or like a courtesan who has
no idea of the cost of things, nor of the worth of a man, and judges of
both by their comparative usefulness to her.

The influence of places upon us is a fact worth remarking. If melancholy
comes over us by the margin of a great water, another indelible law
of our nature so orders it that the mountains exercise a purifying
influence upon our feelings, and among the hills passion gains in depth
by all that it apparently loses in vivacity. Perhaps it was the light of
the wide country by the Loire, the height of the fair sloping hillside
on which the lovers sat, that induced the calm bliss of the moment
when the whole extent of the passion that lies beneath a few
insignificant-sounding words is divined for the first time with a
delicious sense of happiness.

Julie had scarcely spoken the words which had moved Lord Grenville so
deeply, when a caressing breeze ruffled the treetops and filled the air
with coolness from the river; a few clouds crossed the sky, and the soft
cloud-shadows brought out all the beauty of the fair land below.

Julie turned away her head, lest Arthur should see the tears which she
succeeded in repressing; his emotion had spread at once to her. She
dried her eyes, but she dared not raise them lest he should read the
excess of joy in a glance. Her woman’s instinct told her that during
this hour of danger she must hide her love in the depths of her heart.
Yet silence might prove equally dangerous, and Julie saw that Lord
Grenville was unable to utter a word. She went on, therefore, in a
gentle voice:

“You are touched by what I have said. Perhaps such a quick outburst
of feeling is the way in which a gracious and kind nature like yours
reverses a mistaken judgment. You must have thought me ungrateful when
I was cold and reserved, or cynical and hard, all through the journey
which, fortunately, is very near its end. I should not have been worthy
of your care if I had been unable to appreciate it. I have forgotten
nothing. Alas! I shall forget nothing, not the anxious way in which you
watched over me as a mother watches over her child, nor, and above
all else, the noble confidence of our life as brother and sister, the
delicacy of your conduct--winning charms, against which we women are
defenceless. My lord, it is out of my power to make you a return----”

At these words Julie hastily moved further away, and Lord Grenville made
no attempt to detain her. She went to a rock not far away, and there
sat motionless. What either felt remained a secret known to each alone;
doubtless they wept in silence. The singing of the birds about them,
so blithe, so overflowing with tenderness at sunset time, could only
increase the storm of passion which had driven them apart. Nature took
up their story for them, and found a language for the love of which they
did not dare to speak.

“And now, my lord,” said Julie, and she came and stood before Arthur
with a great dignity, which allowed her to take his hand in hers. “I am
going to ask you to hallow and purify the life which you have given back
to me. Here, we will part. I know,” she added, as she saw how white his
face grew, “I know that I am repaying you for your devotion by requiring
of you a sacrifice even greater than any which you have hitherto
made for me, sacrifices so great that they should receive some better
recompense than this.... But it must be... You must not stay in France.
By laying this command upon you, do I not give you rights which shall be
held sacred?” she added, holding his hand against her beating heart.

“Yes,” said Arthur, and he rose.

He looked in the direction of d’Aiglemont, who appeared on the opposite
side of one of the hollow walks with the child in his arms. He had
scrambled up on the balustrade by the chateau that little Helene might
jump down.

“Julie, I will not say a word of my love; we understand each other too
well. Deeply and carefully though I have hidden the pleasures of my
heart, you have shared them all, I feel it, I know it, I see it. And
now, at this moment, as I receive this delicious proof of the constant
sympathy of our hearts, I must go.... Cunning schemes for getting rid of
him have crossed my mind too often; the temptation might be irresistible
if I stayed with you.”

“I had the same thought,” she said, a look of pained surprise in her
troubled face.

Yet in her tone and involuntary shudder there was such virtue, such
certainty of herself, won in many a hard-fought battle with a love that
spoke in Julie’s tones and involuntary gestures, that Lord Grenville
stood thrilled with admiration of her. The mere shadow of a crime had
been dispelled from that clear conscience. The religious sentiment
enthroned on the fair forehead could not but drive away the evil
thoughts that arise unbidden, engendered by our imperfect nature,
thoughts which make us aware of the grandeur and the perils of human

“And then,” she said, “I should have drawn down your scorn upon me,
and--I should have been saved,” she added, and her eyes fell. “To be
lowered in your eyes, what is that but death?”

For a moment the two heroic lovers were silent, choking down their
sorrow. Good or ill, it seemed that their thoughts were loyally one,
and the joys in the depths of their heart were no more experiences apart
than the pain which they strove most anxiously to hide.

“I have no right to complain,” she said after a while, “my misery is of
my own making,” and she raised her tear-filled eyes to the sky.

“Perhaps you don’t remember it, but that is the place where we met each
other for the first time,” shouted the General from below, and he waved
his hand towards the distance. “There, down yonder, near those poplars!”

The Englishman nodded abruptly by way of answer.

“So I was bound to die young and to know no happiness,” Julie continued.
“Yes, do not think that I live. Sorrow is just as fatal as the dreadful
disease which you have cured. I do not think that I am to blame. No. My
love is stronger than I am, and eternal; but all unconsciously it grew
in me; and I will not be guilty through my love. Nevertheless, though I
shall be faithful to my conscience as a wife, to my duties as a mother,
I will be no less faithful to the instincts of my heart. Hear me,” she
cried in an unsteady voice, “henceforth I belong to _him_ no longer.”

By a gesture, dreadful to see in its undisguised loathing she indicated
her husband.

“The social code demands that I shall make his existence happy,” she
continued. “I will obey, I will be his servant, my devotion to him
shall be boundless; but from to-day I am a widow. I will neither be a
prostitute in my own eyes nor in those of the world. If I do not belong
to M. d’Aiglemont, I will never belong to another. You shall have
nothing, nothing save this which you have wrung from me. This is the
doom which I have passed upon myself,” she said, looking proudly at him.
“And now, know this--if you give way to a single criminal thought, M.
d’Aiglemont’s widow will enter a convent in Spain or Italy. By an evil
chance we have spoken of our love; perhaps that confession was bound to
come; but our hearts must never vibrate again like this. To-morrow you
will receive a letter from England, and we shall part, and never see
each other again.”

The effort had exhausted all Julie’s strength. She felt her knees
trembling, and a feeling of deathly cold came over her. Obeying a
woman’s instinct, she sat down, lest she should sink into Arthur’s arms.

“_Julie!_” cried Lord Grenville.

The sharp cry rang through the air like a crack of thunder. Till then he
could not speak; now, all the words which the dumb lover could not utter
gathered themselves in that heartrending appeal.

“Well, what is wrong with her?” asked the General, who had hurried up at
that cry, and now suddenly confronted the two.

“Nothing serious,” said Julie, with that wonderful self-possession which
a woman’s quick-wittedness usually brings to her aid when it is most
called for. “The chill, damp air under the walnut tree made me feel
quite faint just now, and that must have alarmed this doctor of mine.
Does he not look on me as a very nearly finished work of art? He
was startled, I suppose, by the idea of seeing it destroyed.” With
ostentatious coolness she took Lord Grenville’s arm, smiled at her
husband, took a last look at the landscape, and went down the pathway,
drawing her traveling companion with her.

“This certainly is the grandest view that we have seen,” she said; “I
shall never forget it. Just look, Victor, what distance, what an expanse
of country, and what variety in it! I have fallen in love with this

Her laughter was almost hysterical, but to her husband it sounded
natural. She sprang gaily down into the hollow pathway and vanished.

“What?” she cried, when they had left M. d’Aiglemont far behind.
“So soon? Is it so soon? Another moment, and we can neither of us be
ourselves; we shall never be ourselves again, our life is over, in

“Let us go slowly,” said Lord Grenville, “the carriages are still some
way off, and if we may put words into our glances, our hearts may live a
little longer.”

They went along the footpath by the river in the late evening light,
almost in silence; such vague words as they uttered, low as the murmur
of the Loire, stirred their souls to the depths. Just as the sun sank,
a last red gleam from the sky fell over them; it was like a mournful
symbol of their ill-starred love.

The General, much put out because the carriage was not at the spot where
they had left it, followed and outstripped the pair without interrupting
their converse. Lord Grenville’s high minded and delicate behavior
throughout the journey had completely dispelled the Marquis’ suspicions.
For some time past he had left his wife in freedom, reposing confidence
in the noble amateur’s Punic faith. Arthur and Julie walked on together
in the close and painful communion of two hearts laid waste.

So short a while ago as they climbed the cliffs at Montcontour, there
had been a vague hope in either mind, an uneasy joy for which they dared
not account to themselves; but now as they came along the pathway by the
river, they pulled down the frail structure of imaginings, the child’s
cardcastle, on which neither of them had dared to breathe. That hope was

That very evening Lord Grenville left them. His last look at Julie made
it miserably plain that since the moment when sympathy revealed the full
extent of a tyrannous passion, he did well to mistrust himself.

The next morning, M. d’Aiglemont and his wife took their places in the
carriage without their traveling companion, and were whirled swiftly
along the road to Blois. The Marquise was constantly put in mind of the
journey made in 1814, when as yet she know nothing of love, and had
been almost ready to curse it for its persistency. Countless forgotten
impressions were revived. The heart has its own memory. A woman who
cannot recollect the most important great events will recollect through
a lifetime things which appealed to her feelings; and Julie d’Aiglemont
found all the most trifling details of that journey laid up in her mind.
It was pleasant to her to recall its little incidents as they occurred
to her one by one; there were points in the road when she could even
remember the thoughts that passed through her mind when she saw them

Victor had fallen violently in love with his wife since she had
recovered the freshness of her youth and all her beauty, and now he
pressed close to her side like a lover. Once he tried to put his arm
round her, but she gently disengaged herself, finding some excuse or
other for evading the harmless caress. In a little while she shrank from
the close contact with Victor, the sensation of warmth communicated by
their position. She tried to take the unoccupied place opposite, but
Victor gallantly resigned the back seat to her. For this attention she
thanked him with a sigh, whereupon he forgot himself, and the Don Juan
of the garrison construed his wife’s melancholy to his own advantage,
so that at the end of the day she was compelled to speak with a firmness
which impressed him.

“You have all but killed me, dear, once already, as you know,” said
she. “If I were still an inexperienced girl, I might begin to sacrifice
myself afresh; but I am a mother, I have a daughter to bring up, and I
owe as much to her as to you. Let us resign ourselves to a misfortune
which affects us both alike. You are the less to be pitied. Have you
not, as it is, found consolations which duty and the honor of both,
and (stronger still) which Nature forbids to me? Stay,” she added, “you
carelessly left three letters from Mme. de Serizy in a drawer; here they
are. My silence about this matter should make it plain to you that in me
you have a wife who has plenty of indulgence and does not exact from you
the sacrifices prescribed by the law. But I have thought enough to see
that the roles of husband and wife are quite different, and that the
wife alone is predestined to misfortune. My virtue is based upon firmly
fixed and definite principles. I shall live blamelessly, but let me

The Marquis was taken aback by a logic which women grasp with the clear
insight of love, and overawed by a certain dignity natural to them at
such crises. Julie’s instinctive repugnance for all that jarred upon her
love and the instincts of her heart is one of the fairest qualities of
woman, and springs perhaps from a natural virtue which neither laws nor
civilization can silence. And who shall dare to blame women? If a woman
can silence the exclusive sentiment which bids her “forsake all other”
 for the man whom she loves, what is she but a priest who has lost his
faith? If a rigid mind here and there condemns Julie for a sort of
compromise between love and wifely duty, impassioned souls will lay it
to her charge as a crime. To be thus blamed by both sides shows one of
two things very clearly--that misery necessarily follows in the train of
broken laws, or else that there are deplorable flaws in the institutions
upon which society in Europe is based.

Two years went by. M. and Mme. d’Aiglemont went their separate ways,
leading their life in the world, meeting each other more frequently
abroad than at home, a refinement upon divorce, in which many a marriage
in the great world is apt to end.

One evening, strange to say, found husband and wife in their own
drawing-room. Mme. d’Aiglemont had been dining at home with a friend,
and the General, who almost invariably dined in town, had not gone out
for once.

“There is a pleasant time in store for you, _Madame la Marquise_,” said
M. d’Aiglemont, setting his coffee cup down upon the table. He looked
at the guest, Mme. de Wimphen, and half-pettishly, half-mischievously
added, “I am starting off for several days’ sport with the Master of
the Hounds. For a whole week, at any rate, you will be a widow in good
earnest; just what you wish for, I suppose.--Guillaume,” he said to the
servant who entered, “tell them to put the horses in.”

Mme. de Wimphen was the friend to whom Julie had begun the letter upon
her marriage. The glances exchanged by the two women said plainly that
in her Julie had found an intimate friend, an indulgent and invaluable
confidante. Mme. de Wimphen’s marriage had been a very happy one.
Perhaps it was her own happiness which secured her devotion to Julie’s
unhappy life, for under such circumstances, dissimilarity of destiny is
nearly always a strong bond of union.

“Is the hunting season not over yet?” asked Julie, with an indifferent
glance at her husband.

“The Master of the Hounds comes when and where he pleases, madame. We
are going boar-hunting in the Royal Forest.”

“Take care that no accident happens to you.”

“Accidents are usually unforeseen,” he said, smiling.

“The carriage is ready, my Lord Marquis,” said the servant.

“Madame, if I should fall a victim to the boar--” he continued, with a
suppliant air.

“What does this mean?” inquired Mme. de Wimphen.

“Come, come,” said Mme. d’Aiglemont, turning to her husband; smiling at
her friend as if to say, “You will soon see.”

Julie held up her head; but as her husband came close to her, she
swerved at the last, so that his kiss fell not on her throat, but on the
broad frill about it.

“You will be my witness before heaven now that I need a firman to obtain
this little grace of her,” said the Marquis, addressing Mme. de Wimphen.
“This is how this wife of mine understands love. She has brought me to
this pass, by what trickery I am at a loss to know.... A pleasant time
to you!” and he went.

“But your poor husband is really very good-natured,” cried Louisa de
Wimphen, when the two women were alone together. “He loves you.”

“Oh! not another syllable after that last word. The name I bear makes me

“Yes, but Victor obeys you implicitly,” said Louisa.

“His obedience is founded in part upon the great esteem which I have
inspired in him. As far as outward things go, I am a model wife. I make
his house pleasant to him; I shut my eyes to his intrigues; I touch not
a penny of his fortune. He is free to squander the interest exactly as
he pleases; I only stipulate that he shall not touch the principal. At
this price I have peace. He neither explains nor attempts to explain my
life. But though my husband is guided by me, that does not say that I
have nothing to fear from his character. I am a bear leader who daily
trembles lest the muzzle should give way at last. If Victor once took
it into his head that I had forfeited my right to his esteem, what would
happen next I dare not think; for he is violent, full of personal pride,
and vain above all things. While his wits are not keen enough to enable
him to behave discreetly at a delicate crisis when his lowest passions
are involved, his character is weak, and he would very likely kill me
provisionally even if he died of remorse next day. But there is no fear
of that fatal good fortune.”

A brief pause followed. Both women were thinking of the real cause of
this state of affairs. Julie gave Louisa a glance which revealed her

“I have been cruelly obeyed,” she cried. “Yet I never forbade him to
write to me. Oh! _he_ has forgotten me, and he is right. If his life had
been spoiled, it would have been too tragical; one life is enough, is it
not? Would you believe it, dear; I read English newspapers simply to
see his name in print. But he has not yet taken his seat in the House of

“So you know English.”

“Did I not tell you?--Yes, I learned.”

“Poor little one!” cried Louisa, grasping Julie’s hand in hers. “How can
you still live?”

“That is the secret,” said the Marquise, with an involuntary gesture
almost childlike in its simplicity. “Listen, I take laudanum. That
duchess in London suggested the idea; you know the story, Maturin made
use of it in one of his novels. My drops are very weak, but I sleep; I
am only awake for seven hours in the day, and those hours I spend with
my child.”

Louisa gazed into the fire. The full extent of her friend’s misery was
opening out before her for the first time, and she dared not look into
her face.

“Keep my secret, Louisa,” said Julie, after a moment’s silence.

Just as she spoke the footman brought in a letter for the Marquise.

“Ah!” she cried, and her face grew white.

“I need not ask from whom it comes,” said Mme. de Wimphen, but the
Marquise was reading the letter, and heeded nothing else.

Mme. de Wimphen, watching her friend, saw strong feeling wrought to the
highest pitch, ecstasy of the most dangerous kind painted on Julie’s
face in swift changing white and red. At length Julie flung the sheet
into the fire.

“It burns like fire,” she said. “Oh! my heart beats till I cannot

She rose to her feet and walked up and down. Her eyes were blazing.

“He did not leave Paris!” she cried.

Mme. de Wimphen did not dare to interrupt the words that followed,
jerked-out sentences, measured by dreadful pauses in between. After
every break the deep notes of her voice sank lower and lower. There was
something awful about the last words.

“He has seen me, constantly, and I have not known it.--A look, taken by
stealth, every day, helps him to live.--Louisa, you do not know!--He
is dying.--He wants to say good-bye to me. He knows that my husband has
gone away for several days. He will be here in a moment. Oh! I shall
die: I am lost.--Listen, Louisa, stay with me!--_I am afraid!_”

“But my husband knows that I have been dining with you; he is sure to
come for me,” said Mme. de Wimphen.

“Well, then, before you go I will send _him_ away. I will play the
executioner for us both. Oh me! he will think that I do not love him any
more--And that letter of his! Dear, I can see those words in letters of

A carriage rolled in under the archway.

“Ah!” cried the Marquise, with something like joy in her voice, “he is
coming openly. He makes no mystery of it.”

“Lord Grenville,” announced the servant.

The Marquise stood up rigid and motionless; but at the sight of Arthur’s
white face, so thin and haggard, how was it possible to keep up the
show of severity? Lord Grenville saw that Julie was not alone, but he
controlled his fierce annoyance, and looked cool and unperturbed. Yet
for the two women who knew his secret, his face, his tones, the look
in his eyes had something of the power attributed to the torpedo. Their
faculties were benumbed by the sharp shock of contact with his horrible
pain. The sound of his voice set Julie’s heart beating so cruelly that
she could not trust herself to speak; she was afraid that he would see
the full extent of his power over her. Lord Grenville did not dare to
look at Julie, and Mme. de Wimphen was left to sustain a conversation
to which no one listened. Julie glanced at her friend with touching
gratefulness in her eyes to thank her for coming to her aid.

By this time the lovers had quelled emotion into silence, and could
preserve the limits laid down by duty and convention. But M. de Wimphen
was announced, and as he came in the two friends exchanged glances. Both
felt the difficulties of this fresh complication. It was impossible to
enter into explanations with M. de Wimphen, and Louisa could not think
of any sufficient pretext for asking to be left.

Julie went to her, ostensibly to wrap her up in her shawl. “I will be
brave,” she said, in a low voice. “He came here in the face of all the
world, so what have I to fear? Yet but for you, in that first moment,
when I saw how changed he looked, I should have fallen at his feet.”

“Well, Arthur, you have broken your promise to me,” she said, in a
faltering voice, when she returned. Lord Grenville did not venture to
take the seat upon the sofa by her side.

“I could not resist the pleasure of hearing your voice, of being near
you. The thought of it came to be a sort of madness, a delirious frenzy.
I am no longer master of myself. I have taken myself to task; it is
no use, I am too weak, I ought to die. But to die without seeing you,
without having heard the rustle of your dress, or felt your tears. What
a death!”

He moved further away from her; but in his hasty uprising a pistol fell
out of his pocket. The Marquise looked down blankly at the weapon; all
passion, all expression had died out of her eyes. Lord Grenville stooped
for the thing, raging inwardly over an accident which seemed like a
piece of lovesick strategy.


“Madame,” he said, looking down, “I came here in utter desperation; I
meant----” he broke off.

“You meant to die by your own hand here in my house!”

“Not alone!” he said in a low voice.

“Not alone! My husband, perhaps----?”

“No, no,” he cried in a choking voice. “Reassure yourself,” he
continued, “I have quite given up my deadly purpose. As soon as I came
in, as soon as I saw you, I felt that I was strong enough to suffer in
silence, and to die alone.”

Julie sprang up, and flung herself into his arms. Through her sobbing
he caught a few passionate words, “To know happiness, and then to
die.--Yes, let it be so.”

All Julie’s story was summed up in that cry from the depths; it was
the summons of nature and of love at which women without a religion
surrender. With the fierce energy of unhoped-for joy, Arthur caught her
up and carried her to the sofa; but in a moment she tore herself from
her lover’s arms, looked at him with a fixed despairing gaze, took his
hand, snatched up a candle, and drew him into her room. When they stood
by the cot where Helene lay sleeping, she put the curtains softly aside,
shading the candle with her hand, lest the light should dazzle the
half-closed eyes beneath the transparent lids. Helene lay smiling in her
sleep, with her arms outstretched on the coverlet. Julie glanced from
her child to Arthur’s face. That look told him all.

“We may leave a husband, even though he loves us: a man is strong; he
has consolations.--We may defy the world and its laws. But a motherless
child!”--all these thoughts, and a thousand others more moving still,
found language in that glance.

“We can take her with us,” muttered he; “I will love her dearly.”

“Mamma!” cried little Helene, now awake. Julie burst into tears. Lord
Grenville sat down and folded his arms in gloomy silence.

“Mamma!” At the sweet childish name, so many nobler feelings, so many
irresistible yearnings awoke, that for a moment love was effaced by the
all-powerful instinct of motherhood; the mother triumphed over the woman
in Julie, and Lord Grenville could not hold out, he was defeated by
Julie’s tears.

Just at that moment a door was flung noisily open. “Madame d’Aiglemont,
are you hereabouts?” called a voice which rang like a crack of thunder
through the hearts of the two lovers. The Marquis had come home.

Before Julie could recover her presence of mind, her husband was on the
way to the door of her room which opened into his. Luckily, at a sign,
Lord Grenville escaped into the dressing-closet, and she hastily shut
the door upon him.

“Well, my lady, here am I,” said Victor, “the hunting party did not come
off. I am just going to bed.”

“Good-night, so am I. So go and leave me to undress.”

“You are very cross to-night, Madame la Marquise.”

The General returned to his room, Julie went with him to the door and
shut it. Then she sprang to the dressing-close to release Arthur. All
her presence of mind returned; she bethought herself that it was quite
natural that her sometime doctor should pay her a visit; she might have
left him in the drawing-room while she put her little girl to bed. She
was about to tell him, under her breath, to go back to the drawing-room,
and had opened the door. Then she shrieked aloud. Lord Grenville’s
fingers had been caught and crushed in the door.

“Well, what is it?” demanded her husband.

“Oh! nothing, I have just pricked my finger with a pin.”

The General’s door opened at once. Julie imagined that the irruption was
due to a sudden concern for her, and cursed a solicitude in which love
had no part. She had barely time to close the dressing-closet, and Lord
Grenville had not extricated his hand. The General did, in fact, appear,
but his wife had mistaken his motives; his apprehensions were entirely
on his own account.

“Can you lend me a bandana handkerchief? The stupid fool Charles leaves
me without a single one. In the early days you used to bother me with
looking after me so carefully. Ah, well, the honeymoon did not last very
long for me, nor yet for my cravats. Nowadays I am given over to the
secular arm, in the shape of servants who do not care one jack straw for
what I say.”

“There! There is a bandana for you. Did you go into the drawing-room?”


“Oh! you might perhaps have been in time to see Lord Grenville.”

“Is he in Paris?”

“It seems so.”

“Oh! I will go at once. The good doctor.”

“But he will have gone by now!” exclaimed Julie.

The Marquis, standing in the middle of the room, was tying the
handkerchief over his head. He looked complacently at himself in the

“What has become of the servants is more than I know,” he remarked. “I
have rung the bell for Charles, and he has not answered it. And your
maid is not here either. Ring for her. I should like another blanket on
my bed to-night.”

“Pauline is out,” the Marquise said drily.

“What, at midnight!” exclaimed the General.

“I gave her leave to go to the Opera.”

“That is funny!” returned her husband, continuing to undress. “I thought
I saw her coming upstairs.”

“She has come in then, of course,” said Julie, with assumed impatience,
and to allay any possible suspicion on her husband’s part she pretended
to ring the bell.

The whole history of that night has never been known, but no doubt it
was as simple and as tragically commonplace as the domestic incidents
that preceded it.

Next day the Marquise d’Aiglemont took to her bed, nor did she leave it
for some days.

“What can have happened in your family so extraordinary that every one
is talking about your wife?” asked M. de Ronquerolles of M. d’Aiglemont
a short time after that night of catastrophes.

“Take my advice and remain a bachelor,” said d’Aiglemont. “The curtains
of Helene’s cot caught fire, and gave my wife such a shock that it will
be a twelvemonth before she gets over it; so the doctor says. You marry
a pretty wife, and her looks fall off; you marry a girl in blooming
health, and she turns into an invalid. You think she has a passionate
temperament, and find her cold, or else under her apparent coldness
there lurks a nature so passionate that she is the death of you, or
she dishonors your name. Sometimes the meekest of them will turn out
crotchety, though the crotchety ones never grow any sweeter. Sometimes
the mere child, so simple and silly at first, will develop an iron will
to thwart you and the ingenuity of a fiend. I am tired of marriage.”

“Or of your wife?”

“That would be difficult. By-the-by, do you feel inclined to go to
Saint-Thomas d’Aquin with me to attend Lord Grenville’s funeral?”

“A singular way of spending time.--Is it really known how he came by his
death?” added Ronquerolles.

“His man says that he spent a whole night sitting on somebody’s window
sill to save some woman’s character, and it has been infernally cold

“Such devotion would be highly creditable to one of us old stagers; but
Lord Grenville was a youngster and--an Englishman. Englishmen never can
do anything like anybody else.”

“Pooh!” returned d’Aiglemont, “these heroic exploits all depend upon the
woman in the case, and it certainly was not for one that I know, that
poor Arthur came by his death.”


Between the Seine and the little river Loing lies a wide flat country,
skirted on the one side by the Forest of Fontainebleau, and marked out
as to its southern limits by the towns of Moret, Montereau, and Nemours.
It is a dreary country; little knolls of hills appear only at rare
intervals, and a coppice here and there among the fields affords
for game; and beyond, upon every side, stretches the endless gray or
yellowish horizon peculiar to Beauce, Sologne, and Berri.

In the very centre of the plain, at equal distances from Moret and
Montereau, the traveler passes the old chateau of Saint-Lange, standing
amid surroundings which lack neither dignity nor stateliness. There are
magnificent avenues of elm-trees, great gardens encircled by the moat,
and a circumference of walls about a huge manorial pile which represents
the profits of the _maltote_, the gains of farmers-general, legalized
malversation, or the vast fortunes of great houses now brought low
beneath the hammer of the Civil Code.

Should any artist or dreamer of dreams chance to stray along the roads
full of deep ruts, or over the heavy land which secures the place
against intrusion, he will wonder how it happened that this romantic
old place was set down in a savanna of corn-land, a desert of chalk,
and sand, and marl, where gaiety dies away, and melancholy is a natural
product of the soil. The voiceless solitude, the monotonous horizon line
which weigh upon the spirits are negative beauties, which only suit with
sorrow that refuses to be comforted.

Hither, at the close of the year 1820, came a woman, still young, well
known in Paris for her charm, her fair face, and her wit; and to the
immense astonishment of the little village a mile away, this woman of
high rank and corresponding fortune took up her abode at Saint-Lange.

From time immemorial, farmers and laborers had seen no gentry at the
chateau. The estate, considerable though it was, had been left in charge
of a land-steward and the house to the old servants. Wherefore the
appearance of the lady of the manor caused a kind of sensation in the

A group had gathered in the yard of the wretched little wineshop at the
end of the village (where the road forks to Nemours and Moret) to see
the carriage pass. It went by slowly, for the Marquise had come
from Paris with her own horses, and those on the lookout had ample
opportunity of observing a waiting-maid, who sat with her back to the
horses holding a little girl, with a somewhat dreamy look, upon her
knee. The child’s mother lay back in the carriage; she looked like
a dying woman sent out into the country air by her doctors as a last
resource. Village politicians were by no means pleased to see the
young, delicate, downcast face; they had hoped that the new arrival at
Saint-Lange would bring some life and stir into the neighborhood,
and clearly any sort of stir or movement must be distasteful to the
suffering invalid in the traveling carriage.

That evening, when the notables of Saint-Lange were drinking in the
private room of the wineshop, the longest head among them declared that
such depression could admit of but one construction--the Marquise
was ruined. His lordship the Marquis was away in Spain with the Duc
d’Angouleme (so they said in the papers), and beyond a doubt her
ladyship had come to Saint-Lange to retrench after a run of ill-luck on
the Bourse. The Marquis was one of the greatest gamblers on the face of
the globe. Perhaps the estate would be cut up and sold in little lots.
There would be some good strokes of business to be made in that case,
and it behooved everybody to count up his cash, unearth his savings
and to see how he stood, so as to secure his share of the spoil of

So fair did this future seem, that the village worthies, dying to know
whether it was founded on fact, began to think of ways of getting at the
truth through the servants at the chateau. None of these, however, could
throw any light on the calamity which had brought their mistress into
the country at the beginning of winter, and to the old chateau of
Saint-Lange of all places, when she might have taken her choice of
cheerful country-houses famous for their beautiful gardens.

His worship the mayor called to pay his respects; but he did not see the
lady. Then the land-steward tried with no better success.

Madame la Marquise kept her room, only leaving it, while it was set
in order, for the small adjoining drawing-room, where she dined; if,
indeed, to sit down to a table, to look with disgust at the dishes, and
take the precise amount of nourishment required to prevent death from
sheer starvation, can be called dining. The meal over, she returned
at once to the old-fashioned low chair, in which she had sat since the
morning, in the embrasure of the one window that lighted her room.

Her little girl she only saw for a few minutes daily, during the dismal
dinner, and even for a short time she seemed scarcely able to bear the
child’s presence. Surely nothing but the most unheard-of anguish could
have extinguished a mother’s love so early.

None of the servants were suffered to come near, her own woman was
the one creature whom she liked to have about her; the chateau must be
perfectly quiet, the child must play at the other end of the house. The
slightest sound had grown so intolerable, that any human voice, even the
voice of her own child, jarred upon her.

At first the whole countryside was deeply interested in these
eccentricities; but time passed on, every possible hypothesis had been
advanced to account for them and the peasants and dwellers in the little
country towns thought no more of the invalid lady.

So the Marquise was left to herself. She might live on, perfectly
silent, amid the silence which she herself had created; there was
nothing to draw her forth from the tapestried chamber where her
grandmother died, whither she herself had come that she might die,
gently, without witnesses, without importunate solicitude, without
suffering from the insincere demonstrations of egoism masquerading as
affection, which double the agony of death in great cities.

She was twenty-six years old. At that age, with plenty of romantic
illusions still left, the mind loves to dwell on the thought of death
when death seems to come as a friend. But with youth, death is coy,
coming up close only to go away, showing himself and hiding again, till
youth has time to fall out of love with him during this dalliance. There
is that uncertainty too that hangs over death’s to-morrow. Youth plunges
back into the world of living men, there to find the pain more pitiless
than death, that does not wait to strike.

This woman who refused to live was to know the bitterness of these
reprieves in the depths of her loneliness; in moral agony, which death
would not come to end, she was to serve a terrible apprenticeship to the
egoism which must take the bloom from her heart and break her in to the
life of the world.

This harsh and sorry teaching is the usual outcome of our early sorrows.
For the first, and perhaps for the last time in her life, the Marquise
d’Aiglemont was in very truth suffering. And, indeed, would it not be an
error to suppose that the same sentiment can be reproduced in us? Once
develop the power to feel, is it not always there in the depths of our
nature? The accidents of life may lull or awaken it, but there it is, of
necessity modifying the self, its abiding place. Hence, every sensation
should have its great day once and for all, its first day of storm,
be it long or short. Hence, likewise, pain, the most abiding of our
sensations, could be keenly felt only at its first irruption, its
intensity diminishing with every subsequent paroxysm, either because we
grow accustomed to these crises, or perhaps because a natural instinct
of self-preservation asserts itself, and opposes to the destroying force
of anguish an equal but passive force of inertia.

Yet of all kinds of suffering, to which does the name of anguish belong?
For the loss of parents, Nature has in a manner prepared us; physical
suffering, again, is an evil which passes over us and is gone; it lays
no hold upon the soul; if it persists, it ceases to be an evil, it is
death. The young mother loses her firstborn, but wedded love ere long
gives her a successor. This grief, too, is transient. After all, these,
and many other troubles like unto them, are in some sort wounds and
bruises; they do not sap the springs of vitality, and only a succession
of such blows can crush in us the instinct that seeks happiness. Great
pain, therefore, pain that arises to anguish, should be suffering so
deadly, that past, present, and future are alike included in its grip,
and no part of life is left sound and whole. Never afterwards can
we think the same thoughts as before. Anguish engraves itself in
ineffaceable characters on mouth and brow; it passes through us,
destroying or relaxing the springs that vibrate to enjoyment, leaving
behind in the soul the seeds of a disgust for all things in this world.

Yet, again, to be measureless, to weigh like this upon body and soul,
the trouble should befall when soul and body have just come to their
full strength, and smite down a heart that beats high with life. Then it
is that great scars are made. Terrible is the anguish. None, it may
be, can issue from this soul-sickness without undergoing some dramatic
change. Those who survive it, those who remain on earth, return to the
world to wear an actor’s countenance and to play an actor’s part. They
know the side-scenes where actors may retire to calculate chances, shed
their tears, or pass their jests. Life holds no inscrutable dark places
for those who have passed through this ordeal; their judgments are

For young women of the Marquise d’Aiglemont’s age, this first, this most
poignant pain of all, is always referable to the same cause. A woman,
especially if she is a young woman, greatly beautiful, and by nature
great, never fails to stake her whole life as instinct and sentiment and
society all unite to bid her. Suppose that that life fails her, suppose
that she still lives on, she cannot but endure the most cruel pangs,
inasmuch as a first love is the loveliest of all. How comes it that this
catastrophe has found no painter, no poet? And yet, can it be painted?
Can it be sung? No; for the anguish arising from it eludes analysis
and defies the colors of art. And more than this, such pain is never
confessed. To console the sufferer, you must be able to divine the past
which she hugs in bitterness to her soul like a remorse; it is like an
avalanche in a valley; it laid all waste before it found a permanent

The Marquise was suffering from this anguish, which will for long remain
unknown, because the whole world condemns it, while sentiment cherishes
it, and the conscience of a true woman justifies her in it. It is with
such pain as with children steadily disowned of life, and therefore
bound more closely to the mother’s heart than other children more
bounteously endowed. Never, perhaps, was the awful catastrophe in which
the whole world without dies for us, so deadly, so complete, so cruelly
aggravated by circumstance as it had been for the Marquise. The man whom
she had loved was young and generous; in obedience to the laws of the
world, she had refused herself to his love, and he had died to save a
woman’s honor, as the world calls it. To whom could she speak of her
misery? Her tears would be an offence against her husband, the origin
of the tragedy. By all laws written and unwritten she was bound over to
silence. A woman would have enjoyed the story; a man would have schemed
for his own benefit. No; such grief as hers can only weep freely in
solitude and in loneliness; she must consume her pain or be consumed by
it; die or kill something within her--her conscience, it may be.

Day after day she sat gazing at the flat horizon. It lay out before her
like her own life to come. There was nothing to discover, nothing to
hope. The whole of it could be seen at a glance. It was the visible
presentment in the outward world of the chill sense of desolation which
was gnawing restlessly at her heart. The misty mornings, the pale,
bright sky, the low clouds scudding under the gray dome of heaven,
fitted with the moods of her soul-sickness. Her heart did not contract,
was neither more nor less seared, rather it seemed as if her youth, in
its full blossom, was slowly turned to stone by an anguish intolerable
because it was barren. She suffered through herself and for herself. How
could it end save in self-absorption? Ugly torturing thoughts probed
her conscience. Candid self-examination pronounced that she was double,
there were two selves within her; a woman who felt and a woman who
thought; a self that suffered and a self that could fain suffer no
longer. Her mind traveled back to the joys of childish days; they had
gone by, and she had never known how happy they were. Scenes crowded up
in her memory as in a bright mirror glass, to demonstrate the deception
of a marriage which, all that it should be in the eyes of the world, was
in reality wretched. What had the delicate pride of young womanhood
done for her--the bliss foregone, the sacrifices made to the world?
Everything in her expressed love, awaited love; her movements still were
full of perfect grace; her smile, her charm, were hers as before; why?
she asked herself. The sense of her own youth and physical loveliness
no more affected her than some meaningless reiterated sound. Her very
beauty had grown intolerable to her as a useless thing. She shrank
aghast from the thought that through the rest of life she must remain an
incomplete creature; had not the inner self lost its power of receiving
impressions with that zest, that exquisite sense of freshness which is
the spring of so much of life’s gladness? The impressions of the future
would for the most part be effaced as soon as received, and many of the
thoughts which once would have moved her now would move her no more.

After the childhood of the creature dawns the childhood of the heart;
but this second infancy was over, her lover had taken it down with him
into the grave. The longings of youth remained; she was young yet; but
the completeness of youth was gone, and with that lost completeness the
whole value and savor of life had diminished somewhat. Should she not
always bear within her the seeds of sadness and mistrust, ready to
grow up and rob emotion of its springtide of fervor? Conscious she must
always be that nothing could give her now the happiness so longed for,
that seemed so fair in her dreams. The fire from heaven that sheds
abroad its light in the heart, in the dawn of love, had been quenched
in tears, the first real tears which she had shed; henceforth she must
always suffer, because it was no longer in her power to be what once
she might have been. This is a belief which turns us in aversion and
bitterness of spirit from any proffered new delight.

Julie had come to look at life from the point of view of age about to
die. Young though she felt, the heavy weight of joyless days had fallen
upon her, and left her broken-spirited and old before her time. With a
despairing cry, she asked the world what it could give her in exchange
for the love now lost, by which she had lived. She asked herself whether
in that vanished love, so chaste and pure, her will had not been more
criminal than her deeds, and chose to believe herself guilty; partly
to affront the world, partly for her own consolation, in that she had
missed the close union of body and soul, which diminishes the pain of
the one who is left behind by the knowledge that once it has known and
given joy to the full, and retains within itself the impress of that
which is no more.

Something of the mortification of the actress cheated of her part
mingled with the pain which thrilled through every fibre of her heart
and brain. Her nature had been thwarted, her vanity wounded, her woman’s
generosity cheated of self-sacrifice. Then, when she had raised all
these questions, set vibrating all the springs in those different
phases of being which we distinguish as social, moral, and physical,
her energies were so far exhausted and relaxed that she was powerless to
grasp a single thought amid the chase of conflicting ideas.

Sometimes as the mists fell, she would throw her window open, and would
stay there, motionless, breathing in unheedingly the damp earthly scent
in the air, her mind to all appearance an unintelligent blank, for the
ceaseless burden of sorrow humming in her brain left her deaf to earth’s
harmonies and insensible to the delights of thought.

One day, towards noon, when the sun shone out for a little, her maid
came in without a summons.

“This is the fourth time that M. le Cure has come to see Mme. la
Marquise; to-day he is so determined about it, that we did not know what
to tell him.”

“He has come to ask for some money for the poor, no doubt; take him
twenty-five louis from me.”

The woman went only to return.

“M. le Cure will not take the money, my lady; he wants to speak to you.”

“Then let him come!” said Mme. d’Aiglemont, with an involuntary shrug
which augured ill for the priest’s reception. Evidently the lady meant
to put a stop to persecution by a short and sharp method.

Mme. d’Aiglemont had lost her mother in her early childhood; and as a
natural consequence in her bringing-up, she had felt the influence of
the relaxed notions which loosened the hold of religion upon France
during the Revolution. Piety is a womanly virtue which women alone can
really instil; and the Marquise, a child of the eighteenth century, had
adopted her father’s creed of philosophism, and practised no religious
observances. A priest, to her way of thinking, was a civil servant of
very doubtful utility. In her present position, the teaching of religion
could only poison her wounds; she had, moreover, but scanty faith in the
lights of country cures, and made up her mind to put this one gently but
firmly in his place, and to rid herself of him, after the manner of the
rich, by bestowing a benefit.

At first sight of the cure the Marquise felt no inclination to change
her mind. She saw before her a stout, rotund little man, with a ruddy,
wrinkled, elderly face, which awkwardly and unsuccessfully tried to
smile. His bald, quadrant-shaped forehead, furrowed by intersecting
lines, was too heavy for the rest of his face, which seemed to be
dwarfed by it. A fringe of scanty white hair encircled the back of his
head, and almost reached his ears. Yet the priest looked as if by nature
he had a genial disposition; his thick lips, his slightly curved nose,
his chin, which vanished in a double fold of wrinkles,--all marked him
out as a man who took cheerful views of life.

At first the Marquise saw nothing but these salient characteristics,
but at the first word she was struck by the sweetness of the speaker’s
voice. Looking at him more closely, she saw that the eyes under the
grizzled eyebrows had shed tears, and his face, turned in profile, wore
so sublime an impress of sorrow, that the Marquise recognized the man in
the cure.

“Madame la Marquise, the rich only come within our province when
they are in trouble. It is easy to see that the troubles of a young,
beautiful, and wealthy woman, who has lost neither children nor
relatives, are caused by wounds whose pangs religion alone can soothe.
Your soul is in danger, madame. I am not speaking now of the hereafter
which awaits us. No, I am not in the confessional. But it is my duty,
is it not, to open your eyes to your future life here on earth? You
will pardon an old man, will you not, for importunity which has your own
happiness for its object?”

“There is no more happiness for me, monsieur. I shall soon be, as you
say, in your province; but it will be for ever.”

“Nay, madame. You will not die of this pain which lies heavy upon you,
and can be read in your face. If you had been destined to die of it, you
would not be here at Saint-Lange. A definite regret is not so deadly
as hope deferred. I have known others pass through more intolerable and
more awful anguish, and yet they live.”

The Marquise looked incredulous.

“Madame, I know a man whose affliction was so sore that your trouble
would seem to you to be light compared with his.”

Perhaps the long solitary hours had begun to hang heavily; perhaps in
the recesses of the Marquise’s mind lay the thought that here was a
friendly heart to whom she might be able to pour out her troubles.
However, it was, she gave the cure a questioning glance which could not
be mistaken.

“Madame,” he continued, “the man of whom I tell you had but three
children left of a once large family circle. He lost his parents, his
daughter, and his wife, whom he dearly loved. He was left alone at last
on the little farm where he had lived so happily for so long. His three
sons were in the army, and each of the lads had risen in proportion to
his time of service. During the Hundred Days, the oldest went into
the Guard with a colonel’s commission; the second was a major in the
artillery; the youngest a major in a regiment of dragoons. Madame, those
three boys loved their father as much as he loved them. If you but knew
how careless young fellows grow of home ties when they are carried
away by the current of their own lives, you would realize from this one
little thing how warmly they loved the lonely old father, who only lived
in and for them--never a week passed without a letter from one of the
boys. But then he on his side had never been weakly indulgent, to lessen
their respect for him; nor unjustly severe, to thwart their affection;
or apt to grudge sacrifices, the thing that estranges children’s hearts.
He had been more than a father; he had been a brother to them, and their

“At last he went to Paris to bid them good-bye before they set out for
Belgium; he wished to see that they had good horses and all that they
needed. And so they went, and the father returned to his home again.
Then the war began. He had letters from Fleurus, and again from Ligny.
All went well. Then came the battle of Waterloo, and you know the rest.
France was plunged into mourning; every family waited in intense anxiety
for news. You may imagine, madame, how the old man waited for tidings,
in anxiety that knew no peace nor rest. He used to read the gazettes;
he went to the coach office every day. One evening he was told that the
colonel’s servant had come. The man was riding his master’s horse--what
need was there to ask any questions?--the colonel was dead, cut in
two by a shell. Before the evening was out the youngest son’s servant
arrived--the youngest had died on the eve of the battle. At midnight
came a gunner with tidings of the death of the last; upon whom, in those
few hours, the poor father had centered all his life. Madame, they all
had fallen.”

After a pause the good man controlled his feelings, and added gently:

“And their father is still living, madame. He realized that if God had
left him on earth, he was bound to live on and suffer on earth; but he
took refuge in the sanctuary. What could he be?”

The Marquise looked up and saw the cure’s face, grown sublime in its
sorrow and resignation, and waited for him to speak. When the words
came, tears broke from her.

“A priest, madame; consecrated by his own tears previously shed at the
foot of the altar.”

Silence prevailed for a little. The Marquise and the cure looked out at
the foggy landscape, as if they could see the figures of those who were
no more.

“Not a priest in a city, but a simple country cure,” added he.

“At Saint-Lange,” she said, drying her eyes.

“Yes, madame.”

Never had the majesty of grief seemed so great to Julie. The two words
sank straight into her heart with the weight of infinite sorrow. The
gentle, sonorous tones troubled her heart. Ah! that full, deep voice,
charged with plangent vibration, was the voice of one who had suffered

“And if I do not die, monsieur, what will become of me?” The Marquise
spoke almost reverently.

“Have you not a child, madame?”

“Yes,” she said stiffly.

The cure gave her such a glance as a doctor gives a patient whose life
is in danger. Then he determined to do all that in him lay to combat the
evil spirit into whose clutches she had fallen.

“We must live on with our sorrows--you see it yourself, madame, and
religion alone offers us real consolation. Will you permit me to come
again?--to speak to you as a man who can sympathize with every trouble,
a man about whom there is nothing very alarming, I think?”

“Yes, monsieur, come back again. Thank you for your thought of me.”

“Very well, madame; then I shall return very shortly.”

This visit relaxed the tension of soul, as it were; the heavy strain
of grief and loneliness had been almost too much for the Marquise’s
strength. The priest’s visit had left a soothing balm in her heart, his
words thrilled through her with healing influence. She began to feel
something of a prisoner’s satisfaction, when, after he has had time
to feel his utter loneliness and the weight of his chains, he hears a
neighbor knocking on the wall, and welcomes the sound which brings a
sense of human friendship. Here was an unhoped-for confidant. But
this feeling did not last for long. Soon she sank back into the old
bitterness of spirit, saying to herself, as the prisoner might say, that
a companion in misfortune could neither lighten her own bondage nor her

In the first visit the cure had feared to alarm the susceptibilities
of self-absorbed grief, in a second interview he hoped to make some
progress towards religion. He came back again two days later, and from
the Marquise’s welcome it was plain that she had looked forward to the

“Well, Mme. la Marquise, have you given a little thought to the great
mass of human suffering? Have you raised your eyes above our earth and
seen the immensity of the universe?--the worlds beyond worlds which
crush our vanity into insignificance, and with our vanity reduce our

“No, monsieur,” she said; “I cannot rise to such heights, our social
laws lie too heavily upon me, and rend my heart with a too poignant
anguish. And laws perhaps are less cruel than the usages of the world.
Ah! the world!”

“Madame, we must obey both. Law is the doctrine, and custom the practice
of society.”

“Obey society?” cried the Marquise, with an involuntary shudder. “Eh!
monsieur, it is the source of all our woes. God laid down no law to
make us miserable; but mankind, uniting together in social life, have
perverted God’s work. Civilization deals harder measure to us women than
nature does. Nature imposes upon us physical suffering which you have
not alleviated; civilization has developed in us thoughts and feelings
which you cheat continually. Nature exterminates the weak; you condemn
them to live, and by so doing, consign them to a life of misery. The
whole weight of the burden of marriage, an institution on which society
is based, falls upon us; for the man liberty, duties for the woman. We
must give up our whole lives to you, you are only bound to give us a
few moments of yours. A man, in fact, makes a choice, while we blindly
submit. Oh, monsieur, to you I can speak freely. Marriage, in these
days, seems to me to be legalized prostitution. This is the cause of my
wretchedness. But among so many miserable creatures so unhappily yoked,
I alone am bound to be silent, I alone am to blame for my misery. My
marriage was my own doing.”

She stopped short, and bitter tears fell in the silence.

“In the depths of my wretchedness, in the midst of this sea of
distress,” she went on, “I found some sands on which to set foot and
suffer at leisure. A great tempest swept everything away. And here am I,
helpless and alone, too weak to cope with storms.”

“We are never weak while God is with us,” said the priest. “And if your
cravings for affection cannot be satisfied here on earth, have you no
duties to perform?”

“Duties continually!” she exclaimed, with something of impatience in
her tone. “But where for me are the sentiments which give us strength
to perform them? Nothing from nothing, nothing for nothing,--this,
monsieur, is one of the most inexorable laws of nature, physical or
spiritual. Would you have these trees break into leaf without the sap
which swells the buds? It is the same with our human nature; and in me
the sap is dried up at its source.”

“I am not going to speak to you of religious sentiments of which
resignation is born,” said the cure, “but of motherhood, madame,

“Stop, monsieur!” said the Marquise, “with you I will be sincere. Alas!
in future I can be sincere with no one; I am condemned to falsehood.
The world requires continual grimaces, and we are bidden to obey
its conventions if we would escape reproach. There are two kinds of
motherhood, monsieur; once I knew nothing of such distinctions, but I
know them now. Only half of me has become a mother; it were better for
me if I had not been a mother at all. Helene is not _his_ child! Oh! do
not start. At Saint-Lange there are volcanic depths whence come lurid
gleams of light and earthquake shocks to shake the fragile edifices of
laws not based on nature. I have borne a child, that is enough, I am a
mother in the eyes of the law. But you, monsieur, with your delicately
compassionate soul, can perhaps understand this cry from an unhappy
woman who has suffered no lying illusions to enter her heart. God will
judge me, but surely I have only obeyed His laws by giving way to the
affections which He Himself set in me, and this I have learned from my
own soul.--What is a child, monsieur, but the image of two beings, the
fruit of two sentiments spontaneously blended? Unless it is owned by
every fibre of the body, as by every chord of tenderness in the heart;
unless it recalls the bliss of love, the hours, the places where two
creatures were happy, their words that overflowed with the music of
humanity, and their sweet imaginings, that child is an incomplete
creation. Yes, those two should find the poetic dreams of their intimate
double life realized in their child as in an exquisite miniature; it
should be for them a never-failing spring of emotion, implying their
whole past and their whole future.

“My poor little Helene is her father’s child, the offspring of duty and
of chance. In me she finds nothing but the affection of instinct, the
woman’s natural compassion for the child of her womb. Socially speaking,
I am above reproach. Have I not sacrificed my life and my happiness to
my child? Her cries go to my heart; if she were to fall into the water,
I should spring to save her, but she is not in my heart.

“Ah! love set me dreaming of a motherhood far greater and more complete.
In a vanished dream I held in my arms a child conceived in desire before
it was begotten, the exquisite flower of life that blossoms in the soul
before it sees the light of day. I am Helene’s mother only in the sense
that I brought her forth. When she needs me no longer, there will be an
end of my motherhood; with the extinction of the cause, the effects will
cease. If it is a woman’s adorable prerogative that her motherhood
may last through her child’s life, surely that divine persistence of
sentiment is due to the far-reaching glory of the conception of the
soul? Unless a child has lain wrapped about from life’s first beginnings
by the mother’s soul, the instinct of motherhood dies in her as in the
animals. This is true; I feel that it is true. As my poor little one
grows older, my heart closes. My sacrifices have driven us apart. And
yet I know, monsieur, that to another child my heart would have gone
out in inexhaustible love; for that other I should not have known what
sacrifice meant, all had been delight. In this, monsieur, my instincts
are stronger than reason, stronger than religion or all else in me. Does
the woman who is neither wife nor mother sin in wishing to die when, for
her misfortune, she has caught a glimpse of the infinite beauty of love,
the limitless joy of motherhood? What can become of her? _I_ can tell
you what she feels. I cannot put that memory from me so resolutely but
that a hundred times, night and day, visions of a happiness, greater
it may be than the reality, rise before me, followed by a shudder which
shakes brain and heart and body. Before these cruel visions, my feelings
and thoughts grow colorless, and I ask myself, ‘What would my life have
been _if_----?’”

She hid her face in her hands and burst into tears.

“There you see the depths of my heart!” she continued. “For _his_
child I could have acquiesced in any lot however dreadful. He who died,
bearing the burden of the sins of the world will forgive this thought
of which I am dying; but the world, I know, is merciless. In its ears
my words are blasphemies; I am outraging all its codes. Oh! that I could
wage war against this world and break down and refashion its laws
and traditions! Has it not turned all my thoughts, and feelings, and
longings, and hopes, and every fibre in me into so many sources of pain?
Spoiled my future, present, and past? For me the daylight is full of
gloom, my thoughts pierce me like a sword, my child is and is not.

“Oh, when Helene speaks to me, I wish that her voice were different,
when she looks into my face I wish that she had other eyes. She
constantly keeps me in mind of all that should have been and is not. I
cannot bear to have her near me. I smile at her, I try to make up to
her for the real affection of which she is defrauded. I am wretched,
monsieur, too wretched to live. And I am supposed to be a pattern wife.
And I have committed no sins. And I am respected! I have fought down
forbidden love which sprang up at unawares within me; but if I have kept
the letter of the law, have I kept it in my heart? There has never been
but one here,” she said, laying her right hand on her breast, “one and
no other; and my child feels it. Certain looks and tones and gestures
mould a child’s nature, and my poor little one feels no thrill in the
arm I put about her, no tremor comes into my voice, no softness into my
eyes when I speak to her or take her up. She looks at me, and I cannot
endure the reproach in her eyes. There are times when I shudder to think
that some day she may be my judge and condemn her mother unheard. Heaven
grant that hate may not grow up between us! Ah! God in heaven,
rather let the tomb open for me, rather let me end my days here at
Saint-Lange!--I want to go back to the world where I shall find my other
soul and become wholly a mother. Ah! forgive me, sir, I am mad. Those
words were choking me; now they are spoken. Ah! you are weeping too! You
will not despise me--”

She heard the child come in from a walk. “Helene, my child, come here!”
 she called. The words sounded like a cry of despair.

The little girl ran in, laughing and calling to her mother to see a
butterfly which she had caught; but at the sight of that mother’s tears
she grew quiet of a sudden, and went up close, and received a kiss on
her forehead.

“She will be very beautiful some day,” said the priest.

“She is her father’s child,” said the Marquise, kissing the little one
with eager warmth, as if she meant to pay a debt of affection or to
extinguish some feeling of remorse.

“How hot you are, mamma!”

“There, go away, my angel,” said the Marquise.

The child went. She did not seem at all sorry to go; she did not
look back; glad perhaps to escape from a sad face, and instinctively
comprehending already an antagonism of feeling in its expression. A
mother’s love finds language in smiles, they are a part of the divine
right of motherhood. The Marquise could not smile. She flushed red as
she felt the cure’s eyes. She had hoped to act a mother’s part before
him, but neither she nor her child could deceive him. And, indeed, when
a woman loves sincerely, in the kiss she gives there is a divine honey;
it is as if a soul were breathed forth in the caress, a subtle flame
of fire which brings warmth to the heart; the kiss that lacks this
delicious unction is meagre and formal. The priest had felt the
difference. He could fathom the depths that lie between the motherhood
of the flesh and the motherhood of the heart. He gave the Marquise a
keen, scrutinizing glance, then he said:

“You are right, madame; it would be better for you if you were dead----”

“Ah!” she cried, “then you know all my misery; I see you do if,
Christian priest as you are, you can guess my determination to die and
sanction it. Yes, I meant to die, but I have lacked the courage. The
spirit was strong, but the flesh was weak, and when my hand did not
tremble, the spirit within me wavered.

“I do not know the reason of these inner struggles, and alternations. I
am very pitiably a woman no doubt, weak in my will, strong only to love.
Oh, I despise myself. At night, when all my household was asleep, I
would go out bravely as far as the lake; but when I stood on the brink,
my cowardice shrank from self-destruction. To you I will confess my
weakness. When I lay in my bed, again, shame would come over me, and
courage would come back. Once I took a dose of laudanum; I was ill, but
I did not die. I thought I had emptied the phial, but I had only taken
half the dose.”

“You are lost, madame,” the cure said gravely, with tears in his voice.
“You will go back into the world, and you will deceive the world. You
will seek and find a compensation (as you imagine it to be) for your
woes; then will come a day of reckoning for your pleasures--”

“Do you think,” she cried, “that _I_ shall bestow the last, the most
precious treasures of my heart upon the first base impostor who can
play the comedy of passion? That I would pollute my life for a moment
of doubtful pleasure? No; the flame which shall consume my soul shall be
love, and nothing but love. All men, monsieur, have the senses of
their sex, but not all have the man’s soul which satisfies all the
requirements of our nature, drawing out the melodious harmony which
never breaks forth save in response to the pressure of feeling. Such a
soul is not found twice in our lifetime. The future that lies before
me is hideous; I know it. A woman is nothing without love; beauty is
nothing without pleasure. And even if happiness were offered to me a
second time, would not the world frown upon it? I owe my daughter an
honored mother. Oh! I am condemned to live in an iron circle, from which
there is but one shameful way of escape. The round of family duties, a
thankless and irksome task, is in store for me. I shall curse life; but
my child shall have at least a fair semblance of a mother. I will give
her treasures of virtue for the treasures of love of which I defraud

“I have not even the mother’s desire to live to enjoy her child’s
happiness. I have no belief in happiness. What will Helene’s fate be?
My own, beyond doubt. How can a mother ensure that the man to whom she
gives her daughter will be the husband of her heart? You pour scorn
on the miserable creatures who sell themselves for a few coins to any
passer-by, though want and hunger absolve the brief union; while another
union, horrible for quite other reasons, is tolerated, nay encouraged,
by society, and a young and innocent girl is married to a man whom she
has only met occasionally during the previous three months. She is sold
for her whole lifetime. It is true that the price is high! If you allow
her no compensation for her sorrows, you might at least respect her; but
no, the most virtuous of women cannot escape calumny. This is our fate
in its double aspect. Open prostitution and shame; secret prostitution
and unhappiness. As for the poor, portionless girls, they may die or go
mad, without a soul to pity them. Beauty and virtue are not marketable
in the bazaar where souls and bodies are bought and sold--in the den of
selfishness which you call society. Why not disinherit daughters? Then,
at least, you might fulfil one of the laws of nature, and guided by your
own inclinations, choose your companions.”

“Madame, from your talk it is clear to me that neither the spirit of
family nor the sense of religion appeals to you. Why should you hesitate
between the claims of the social selfishness which irritates you, and
the purely personal selfishness which craves satisfactions--”

“The family, monsieur--does such a thing exist? I decline to recognize
as a family a knot of individuals bidden by society to divide the
property after the death of father and mother, and to go their separate
ways. A family means a temporary association of persons brought together
by no will of their own, dissolved at once by death. Our laws have
broken up homes and estates, and the old family tradition handed down
from generation to generation. I see nothing but wreck and ruin about

“Madame, you will only return to God when His hand has been heavy upon
you, and I pray that you have time enough given to you in which to make
your peace with Him. Instead of looking to heaven for comfort, you
are fixing your eyes on earth. Philosophism and personal interest
have invaded your heart; like the children of the sceptical eighteenth
century, you are deaf to the voice of religion. The pleasures of this
life bring nothing but misery. You are about to make an exchange of
sorrows, that is all.”

She smiled bitterly.

“I will falsify your predictions,” she said. “I shall be faithful to him
who died for me.”

“Sorrow,” he answered, “is not likely to live long save in souls
disciplined by religion,” and he lowered his eyes respectfully lest the
Marquise should read his doubts in them. The energy of her outburst had
grieved him. He had seen the self that lurked beneath so many forms,
and despaired of softening a heart which affliction seemed to sear. The
divine Sower’s seed could not take root in such a soil, and His gentle
voice was drowned by the clamorous outcry of self-pity. Yet the good man
returned again and again with an apostle’s earnest persistence, brought
back by a hope of leading so noble and proud a soul to God; until the
day when he made the discovery that the Marquise only cared to talk with
him because it was sweet to speak of him who was no more. He would
not lower his ministry by condoning her passion, and confined the
conversation more and more to generalities and commonplaces.

Spring came, and with the spring the Marquise found distraction from her
deep melancholy. She busied herself for lack of other occupation with
her estate, making improvements for amusement.

In October she left the old chateau. In the life of leisure at
Saint-Lange she had recovered from her grief and grown fair and fresh.
Her grief had been violent at first in its course, as the quoit hurled
forth with all the player’s strength, and like the quoit after many
oscillations, each feebler than the last, it had slackened into
melancholy. Melancholy is made up of a succession of such oscillations,
the first touching upon despair, the last on the border between pain
and pleasure; in youth, it is the twilight of dawn; in age, the dusk of

As the Marquise drove through the village in her traveling carriage, she
met the cure on his way back from the church. She bowed in response to
his farewell greeting, but it was with lowered eyes and averted face.
She did not wish to see him again. The village cure had judged this poor
Diana of Ephesus only too well.


Madame Firmiani was giving a ball. M. Charles de Vandenesse, a young man
of great promise, the bearer of one of those historic names which, in
spite of the efforts of legislation, are always associated with the
glory of France, had received letters of introduction to some of the
great lady’s friends in Naples, and had come to thank the hostess and to
take his leave.

Vandenesse had already acquitted himself creditably on several
diplomatic missions; and now that he had received an appointment as
attache to a plenipotentiary at the Congress of Laybach, he wished to
take advantage of the opportunity to make some study of Italy on the
way. This ball was a sort of farewell to Paris and its amusements and
its rapid whirl of life, to the great eddying intellectual centre and
maelstrom of pleasure; and a pleasant thing it is to be borne along
by the current of this sufficiently slandered great city of Paris. Yet
Charles de Vandenesse had little to regret, accustomed as he had been
for the past three years to salute European capitals and turn his back
upon them at the capricious bidding of a diplomatist’s destiny. Women
no longer made any impression upon him; perhaps he thought that a real
passion would play too large a part in a diplomatist’s life; or perhaps
that the paltry amusements of frivolity were too empty for a man
of strong character. We all of us have huge claims to strength of
character. There is no man in France, be he ever so ordinary a member of
the rank and file of humanity, that will waive pretensions to something
beyond mere cleverness.

Charles, young though he was--he was scarcely turned thirty--looked at
life with a philosophic mind, concerning himself with theories and
means and ends, while other men of his age were thinking of pleasure,
sentiments, and the like illusions. He forced back into some inner depth
the generosity and enthusiasms of youth, and by nature he was generous.
He tried hard to be cool and calculating, to coin the fund of wealth
which chanced to be in his nature into gracious manners, and courtesy,
and attractive arts; ‘tis the proper task of an ambitious man, to play a
sorry part to gain “a good position,” as we call it in modern days.

He had been dancing, and now he gave a farewell glance over the rooms,
to carry away a distinct impression of the ball, moved, doubtless, to
some extent by the feeling which prompts a theatre-goer to stay in
his box to see the final tableau before the curtain falls. But M. de
Vandenesse had another reason for his survey. He gazed curiously at the
scene before him, so French in character and in movement, seeking to
carry away a picture of the light and laughter and the faces at
this Parisian fete, to compare with the novel faces and picturesque
surroundings awaiting him at Naples, where he meant to spend a few
days before presenting himself at his post. He seemed to be drawing the
comparison now between this France so variable, changing even as you
study her, with the manners and aspects of that other land known to him
as yet only by contradictory hearsay tales or books of travel, for the
most part unsatisfactory. Thoughts of a somewhat poetical cast, albeit
hackneyed and trite to our modern ideas, crossed his brain, in response
to some longing of which, perhaps, he himself was hardly conscious, a
desire in the depths of a heart fastidious rather than jaded, vacant
rather than seared.

“These are the wealthiest and most fashionable women and the greatest
ladies in Paris,” he said to himself. “These are the great men of the
day, great orators and men of letters, great names and titles; artists
and men in power; and yet in it all it seems to me as if there were
nothing but petty intrigues and still-born loves, meaningless smiles
and causeless scorn, eyes lighted by no flame within, brain-power in
abundance running aimlessly to waste. All those pink-and-white faces are
here not so much for enjoyment, as to escape from dulness. None of the
emotion is genuine. If you ask for nothing but court feathers properly
adjusted, fresh gauzes and pretty toilettes and fragile, fair women, if
you desire simply to skim the surface of life, here is your world for
you. Be content with meaningless phrases and fascinating simpers, and do
not ask for real feeling. For my own part, I abhor the stale intrigues
which end in sub-prefectures and receiver-generals’ places and
marriages; or, if love comes into the question, in stealthy compromises,
so ashamed are we of the mere semblance of passion. Not a single one of
all these eloquent faces tells you of a soul, a soul wholly absorbed by
one idea as by remorse. Regrets and misfortune go about shame-facedly
clad in jests. There is not one woman here whose resistance I should
care to overcome, not one who could drag you down to the pit. Where will
you find energy in Paris? A poniard here is a curious toy to hang from a
gilt nail, in a picturesque sheath to match. The women, the brains, and
hearts of Paris are all on a par. There is no passion left, because
we have no individuality. High birth and intellect and fortune are all
reduced to one level; we all have taken to the uniform black coat by way
of mourning for a dead France. There is no love between equals. Between
two lovers there should be differences to efface, wide gulfs to fill.
The charm of love fled from us in 1789. Our dulness and our humdrum
lives are the outcome of the political system. Italy at any rate is the
land of sharp contrasts. Woman there is a malevolent animal, a dangerous
unreasoning siren, guided only by her tastes and appetites, a creature
no more to be trusted than a tiger--”

Mme. Firmiani here came up to interrupt this soliloquy made up of vague,
conflicting, and fragmentary thoughts which cannot be reproduced in
words. The whole charm of such musing lies in its vagueness--what is it
but a sort of mental haze?

“I want to introduce you to some one who has the greatest wish to make
your acquaintance, after all that she has heard of you,” said the lady,
taking his arm.

She brought him into the next room, and with such a smile and glance
as a Parisienne alone can give, she indicated a woman sitting by the

“Who is she?” the Comte de Vandenesse asked quickly.

“You have heard her name more than once coupled with praise or blame.
She is a woman who lives in seclusion--a perfect mystery.”

“Oh! if ever you have been merciful in your life, for pity’s sake tell
me her name.”

“She is the Marquise d’Aiglemont.”

“I will take lessons from her; she had managed to make a peer of France
of that eminently ordinary person her husband, and a dullard into a
power in the land. But, pray tell me this, did Lord Grenville die for
her sake, do you think, as some women say?”

“Possibly. Since that adventure, real or imaginary, she is very much
changed, poor thing! She has not gone into society since. Four years of
constancy--that is something in Paris. If she is here to-night----”
 Here Mme. Firmiani broke off, adding with a mysterious expression, “I am
forgetting that I must say nothing. Go and talk with her.”

For a moment Charles stood motionless, leaning lightly against the
frame of the doorway, wholly absorbed in his scrutiny of a woman who had
become famous, no one exactly knew how or why. Such curious anomalies
are frequent enough in the world. Mme. d’Aiglemont’s reputation was
certainly no more extraordinary than plenty of other great reputations.
There are men who are always in travail of some great work which never
sees the light, statisticians held to be profound on the score of
calculations which they take very good care not to publish, politicians
who live on a newspaper article, men of letters and artists whose
performances are never given to the world, men of science, much as
Sganarelle is a Latinist for those who know no Latin; there are the men
who are allowed by general consent to possess a peculiar capacity for
some one thing, be it for the direction of arts, or for the conduct
of an important mission. The admirable phrase, “A man with a special
subject,” might have been invented on purpose for these acephalous
species in the domain of literature and politics.

Charles gazed longer than he intended. He was vexed with himself for
feeling so strongly interested; it is true, however, that the lady’s
appearance was a refutation of the young man’s ballroom generalizations.

The Marquise had reached her thirtieth year. She was beautiful in spite
of her fragile form and extremely delicate look. Her greatest charm lay
in her still face, revealing unfathomed depths of soul. Some haunting,
ever-present thought veiled, as it were, the full brilliance of eyes
which told of a fevered life and boundless resignation. So seldom
did she raise the eyelids soberly downcast, and so listless were her
glances, that it almost seemed as if the fire in her eyes were reserved
for some occult contemplation. Any man of genius and feeling must have
felt strangely attracted by her gentleness and silence. If the mind
sought to explain the mysterious problem of a constant inward turning
from the present to the past, the soul was no less interested in
initiating itself into the secrets of a heart proud in some sort of
its anguish. Everything about her, moreover, was in keeping with these
thoughts which she inspired. Like almost all women who have very long
hair, she was very pale and perfectly white. The marvelous fineness of
her skin (that almost unerring sign) indicated a quick sensibility which
could be seen yet more unmistakably in her features; there was the same
minute and wonderful delicacy of finish in them that the Chinese artist
gives to his fantastic figures. Perhaps her neck was rather too long,
but such necks belong to the most graceful type, and suggest vague
affinities between a woman’s head and the magnetic curves of the
serpent. Leave not a single one of the thousand signs and tokens by
which the most inscrutable character betrays itself to an observer of
human nature, he has but to watch carefully the little movements of a
woman’s head, the ever-varying expressive turns and curves of her neck
and throat, to read her nature.

Mme. d’Aiglemont’s dress harmonized with the haunting thought that
informed the whole woman. Her hair was gathered up into a tall coronet
of broad plaits, without ornament of any kind; she seemed to have bidden
farewell for ever to elaborate toilettes. Nor were any of the small arts
of coquetry which spoil so many women to be detected in her. Perhaps
her bodice, modest though it was, did not altogether conceal the dainty
grace of her figure, perhaps, too, her gown looked rich from the
extreme distinction of its fashion, and if it is permissible to look for
expression in the arrangement of stuffs, surely those numerous straight
folds invested her with a great dignity. There may have been some
lingering trace of the indelible feminine foible in the minute care
bestowed upon her hand and foot; yet, if she allowed them to be seen
with some pleasure, it would have tasked the utmost malice of a rival to
discover any affectation in her gestures, so natural did they seem, so
much a part of old childish habit, that her careless grace absolved this
vestige of vanity.

All these little characteristics, the nameless trifles which combine to
make up the sum of a woman’s prettiness or ugliness, her charm or lack
of charm, can only be indicated, when, as with Mme. d’Aiglemont, a
personality dominates and gives coherence to the details, informing
them, blending them all in an exquisite whole. Her manner was perfectly
in accord with her style of beauty and her dress. Only to certain women
at a certain age is it given to put language into their attitude. Is it
joy or is it sorrow that teaches a woman of thirty the secret of that
eloquence of carriage, so that she must always remain an enigma which
each interprets by the aid of his hopes, desires, or theories?

The way in which the Marquise leaned both elbows on the arm of her
chair, the toying of her interclasped fingers, the curve of her throat,
the indolent lines of her languid but lissome body as she lay back in
graceful exhaustion, as it were; her indolent limbs, her unstudied pose,
the utter lassitude of her movements,--all suggested that this was a
woman for whom life had lost its interest, a woman who had known
the joys of love only in dreams, a woman bowed down by the burden of
memories of the past, a woman who had long since despaired of the future
and despaired of herself, an unoccupied woman who took the emptiness of
her own life for the nothingness of life.

Charles de Vandenesse saw and admired the beautiful picture before
him, as a kind of artistic success beyond an ordinary woman’s powers of
attainment. He was acquainted with d’Aiglemont; and now, at the first
sight of d’Aiglemont’s wife, the young diplomatist saw at a glance a
disproportionate marriage, an incompatibility (to use the legal jargon)
so great that it was impossible that the Marquise should love her
husband. And yet--the Marquise d’Aiglemont’s life was above reproach,
and for any observer the mystery about her was the more interesting on
this account. The first impulse of surprise over, Vandenesse cast
about for the best way of approaching Mme. d’Aiglemont. He would try a
commonplace piece of diplomacy, he thought; he would disconcert her by a
piece of clumsiness and see how she would receive it.

“Madame,” he said, seating himself near her, “through a fortunate
indiscretion I have learned that, for some reason unknown to me, I have
had the good fortune to attract your notice. I owe you the more thanks
because I have never been so honored before. At the same time, you are
responsible for one of my faults, for I mean never to be modest again--”

“You will make a mistake, monsieur,” she laughed; “vanity should be left
to those who have nothing else to recommend them.”

The conversation thus opened ranged at large, in the usual way, over a
multitude of topics--art and literature, politics, men and things--till
insensibly they fell to talking of the eternal theme in France and all
the world over--love, sentiment, and women.

“We are bond-slaves.”

“You are queens.”

This was the gist and substance of all the more or less ingenious
discourse between Charles and the Marquise, as of all such
discourses--past, present, and to come. Allow a certain space of time,
and the two formulas shall begin to mean “Love me,” and “I will love

“Madame,” Charles de Vandenesse exclaimed under his breath, “you have
made me bitterly regret that I am leaving Paris. In Italy I certainly
shall not pass hours in intellectual enjoyment such as this has been.”

“Perhaps, monsieur, you will find happiness, and happiness is worth
more than all the brilliant things, true and false, that are said every
evening in Paris.”

Before Charles took leave, he asked permission to pay a farewell call
on the Marquise d’Aiglemont, and very lucky did he feel himself when
the form of words in which he expressed himself for once was used in all
sincerity; and that night, and all day long on the morrow, he could not
put the thought of the Marquise out of his mind.

At times he wondered why she had singled him out, what she had
meant when she asked him to come to see her, and thought supplied an
inexhaustible commentary. Again it seemed to him that he had discovered
the motives of her curiosity, and he grew intoxicated with hope or
frigidly sober with each new construction put upon that piece of
commonplace civility. Sometimes it meant everything, sometimes nothing.
He made up his mind at last that he would not yield to this inclination,
and--went to call on Mme. d’Aiglemont.

There are thoughts which determine our conduct, while we do not so much
as suspect their existence. If at first sight this assertion appears to
be less a truth than a paradox, let any candid inquirer look into his
own life and he shall find abundant confirmation therein. Charles went
to Mme. d’Aiglemont, and so obeyed one of these latent, pre-existent
germs of thought, of which our experience and our intellectual gains and
achievements are but later and tangible developments.

For a young man a woman of thirty has irresistible attractions. There
is nothing more natural, nothing better established, no human tie of
stouter tissue than the heart-deep attachment between such a woman as
the Marquise d’Aiglemont and such a man as Charles de Vandenesse. You
can see examples of it every day in the world. A girl, as a matter
of fact, has too many young illusions, she is too inexperienced, the
instinct of sex counts for too much in her love for a young man to feel
flattered by it. A woman of thirty knows all that is involved in
the self-surrender to be made. Among the impulses of the first, put
curiosity and other motives than love; the second acts with integrity of
sentiment. The first yields; the second makes deliberate choice. Is
not that choice in itself an immense flattery? A woman armed with
experience, forewarned by knowledge, almost always dearly bought, seems
to give more than herself; while the inexperienced and credulous girl,
unable to draw comparisons for lack of knowledge, can appreciate
nothing at its just worth. She accepts love and ponders it. A woman is a
counselor and a guide at an age when we love to be guided and obedience
is delight; while a girl would fain learn all things, meeting us with a
girl’s _naivete_ instead of a woman’s tenderness. She affords a single
triumph; with a woman there is resistance upon resistance to overcome;
she has but joy and tears, a woman has rapture and remorse.

A girl cannot play the part of a mistress unless she is so corrupt
that we turn from her with loathing; a woman has a thousand ways of
preserving her power and her dignity; she has risked so much for love,
that she must bid him pass through his myriad transformations, while her
too submissive rival gives a sense of too serene security which palls.
If the one sacrifices her maidenly pride, the other immolates the honor
of a whole family. A girl’s coquetry is of the simplest, she thinks that
all is said when the veil is laid aside; a woman’s coquetry is endless,
she shrouds herself in veil after veil, she satisfies every demand of
man’s vanity, the novice responds but to one.

And there are terrors, fears, and hesitations--trouble and storm in the
love of a woman of thirty years, never to be found in a young girl’s
love. At thirty years a woman asks her lover to give her back the esteem
she has forfeited for his sake; she lives only for him, her thoughts are
full of his future, he must have a great career, she bids him make it
glorious; she can obey, entreat, command, humble herself, or rise in
pride; times without number she brings comfort when a young girl can
only make moan. And with all the advantages of her position, the woman
of thirty can be a girl again, for she can play all parts, assume a
girl’s bashfulness, and grow the fairer even for a mischance.

Between these two feminine types lies the immeasurable difference which
separates the foreseen from the unforeseen, strength from weakness. The
woman of thirty satisfies every requirement; the young girl must satisfy
none, under penalty of ceasing to be a young girl. Such ideas as these,
developing in a young man’s mind, help to strengthen the strongest of
all passions, a passion in which all spontaneous and natural feeling is
blended with the artificial sentiment created by conventional manners.

The most important and decisive step in a woman’s life is the very
one that she invariably regards as the most insignificant. After her
marriage she is no longer her own mistress, she is the queen and
the bond-slave of the domestic hearth. The sanctity of womanhood is
incompatible with social liberty and social claims; and for a woman
emancipation means corruption. If you give a stranger the right of entry
into the sanctuary of home, do you not put yourself at his mercy? How
then if she herself bids him enter it? Is not this an offence, or, to
speak more accurately, a first step towards an offence? You must
either accept this theory with all its consequences, or absolve illicit
passion. French society hitherto has chosen the third and middle course
of looking on and laughing when offences come, apparently upon the
Spartan principle of condoning the theft and punishing clumsiness.
And this system, it may be, is a very wise one. ‘Tis a most appalling
punishment to have all your neighbors pointing the finger of scorn
at you, a punishment that a woman feels in her very heart. Women are
tenacious, and all of them should be tenacious of respect; without
esteem they cannot exist, esteem is the first demand that they make
of love. The most corrupt among them feels that she must, in the first
place, pledge the future to buy absolution for the past, and strives
to make her lover understand that only for irresistible bliss can she
barter the respect which the world henceforth will refuse to her.

Some such reflections cross the mind of any woman who for the first time
and alone receives a visit from a young man; and this especially when,
like Charles de Vandenesse, the visitor is handsome or clever. And
similarly there are not many young men who would fail to base some
secret wish on one of the thousand and one ideas which justify the
instinct that attracts them to a beautiful, witty, and unhappy woman
like the Marquise d’Aiglemont.

Mme. d’Aiglemont, therefore, felt troubled when M. de Vandenesse was
announced; and as for him, he was almost confused in spite of the
assurance which is like a matter of costume for a diplomatist. But not
for long. The Marquise took refuge at once in the friendliness of manner
which women use as a defence against the misinterpretations of fatuity,
a manner which admits of no afterthought, while it paves the way to
sentiment (to make use of a figure of speech), tempering the transition
through the ordinary forms of politeness. In this ambiguous position,
where the four roads leading respectively to Indifference, Respect,
Wonder, and Passion meet, a woman may stay as long as she pleases, but
only at thirty years does she understand all the possibilities of the
situation. Laughter, tenderness, and jest are all permitted to her at
the crossing of the ways; she has acquired the tact by which she finds
all the responsive chords in a man’s nature, and skill in judging the
sounds which she draws forth. Her silence is as dangerous as her speech.
You will never read her at that age, nor discover if she is frank or
false, nor how far she is serious in her admissions or merely laughing
at you. She gives you the right to engage in a game of fence with her,
and suddenly by a glance, a gesture of proved potency, she closes the
combat and turns from you with your secret in her keeping, free to offer
you up in a jest, free to interest herself in you, safe alike in her
weakness and your strength.

Although the Marquise d’Aiglemont took up her position upon this neutral
ground during the first interview, she knew how to preserve a high
womanly dignity. The sorrows of which she never spoke seemed to hang
over her assumed gaiety like a light cloud obscuring the sun. When
Vandenesse went out, after a conversation which he had enjoyed more than
he had thought possible, he carried with him the conviction that this
was like to be too costly a conquest for his aspirations.

“It would mean sentiment from here to yonder,” he thought, “and
correspondence enough to wear out a deputy second-clerk on his
promotion. And yet if I really cared----”

Luckless phrase that has been the ruin of many an infatuated mortal. In
France the way to love lies through self-love. Charles went back to Mme.
d’Aiglemont, and imagined that she showed symptoms of pleasure in his
conversion. And then, instead of giving himself up like a boy to the joy
of falling in love, he tried to play a double role. He did his best
to act passion and to keep cool enough to analyze the progress of this
flirtation, to be lover and diplomatist at once; but youth and hot blood
and analysis could only end in one way, over head and ears in love; for,
natural or artificial, the Marquise was more than his match. Each time
he went out from Mme. d’Aiglemont, he strenuously held himself to his
distrust, and submitted the progressive situations of his case to a
rigorous scrutiny fatal to his own emotions.

“To-day she gave me to understand that she has been very unhappy and
lonely,” said he to himself, after the third visit, “and that but for
her little girl she would have longed for death. She was perfectly
resigned. Now as I am neither her brother nor her spiritual director,
why should she confide her troubles to _me_? She loves me.”

Two days later he came away apostrophizing modern manners.

“Love takes on the hue of every age. In 1822 love is a doctrinaire.
Instead of proving love by deeds, as in times past, we have taken to
argument and rhetoric and debate. Women’s tactics are reduced to three
shifts. In the first place, they declare that we cannot love as they
love. (Coquetry! the Marquise simply threw it at me, like a challenge,
this evening!) Next they grow pathetic, to appeal to our natural
generosity or self-love; for does it not flatter a young man’s vanity to
console a woman for a great calamity? And lastly, they have a craze for
virginity. She must have thought that I thought her very innocent. My
good faith is like to become an excellent speculation.”

But a day came when every suspicious idea was exhausted. He asked
himself whether the Marquise was not sincere; whether so much suffering
could be feigned, and why she should act the part of resignation? She
lived in complete seclusion; she drank in silence of a cup of sorrow
scarcely to be guessed unless from the accent of some chance exclamation
in a voice always well under control. From that moment Charles felt a
keen interest in Mme. d’Aiglemont. And yet, though his visits had come
to be a recognized thing, and in some sort a necessity to them both,
and though the hour was kept free by tacit agreement, Vandenesse still
thought that this woman with whom he was in love was more clever than
sincere. “Decidedly, she is an uncommonly clever woman,” he used to say
to himself as he went away.

When he came into the room, there was the Marquise in her favorite
attitude, melancholy expressed in her whole form. She made no movement
when he entered, only raised her eyes and looked full at him, but the
glance that she gave him was like a smile. Mme. d’Aiglemont’s manner
meant confidence and sincere friendship, but of love there was no trace.
Charles sat down and found nothing to say. A sensation for which no
language exists troubled him.

“What is the matter with you?” she asked in a softened voice.

“Nothing.... Yes; I am thinking of something of which, as yet, you have
not thought at all.”

“What is it?”

“Why--the Congress is over.”

“Well,” she said, “and ought you to have been at the Congress?”

A direct answer would have been the most eloquent and delicate
declaration of love; but Charles did not make it. Before the candid
friendship in Mme. d’Aiglemont’s face all the calculations of vanity,
the hopes of love, and the diplomatist’s doubts died away. She did not
suspect, or she seemed not to suspect, his love for her; and Charles,
in utter confusion turning upon himself, was forced to admit that he had
said and done nothing which could warrant such a belief on her part. For
M. de Vandenesse that evening, the Marquise was, as she had always been,
simple and friendly, sincere in her sorrow, glad to have a friend, proud
to find a nature responsive to her own--nothing more. It had not entered
her mind that a woman could yield twice; she had known love--love lay
bleeding still in the depths of her heart, but she did not imagine that
bliss could bring her its rapture twice, for she believed not merely
in the intellect, but in the soul; and for her love was no simple
attraction; it drew her with all noble attractions.

In a moment Charles became a young man again, enthralled by the splendor
of a nature so lofty. He wished for a fuller initiation into the secret
history of a life blighted rather by fate than by her own fault. Mme.
d’Aiglemont heard him ask the cause of the overwhelming sorrow which had
blended all the harmonies of sadness with her beauty; she gave him one
glance, but that searching look was like a seal set upon some solemn

“Ask no more such questions of me,” she said. “Four years ago, on
this very day, the man who loved me, for whom I would have given up
everything, even my own self-respect, died, and died to save my name.
That love was still young and pure and full of illusions when it came to
an end. Before I gave way to passion--and never was a woman so urged by
fate--I had been drawn into the mistake that ruins many a girl’s life,
a marriage with a man whose agreeable manners concealed his emptiness.
Marriage plucked my hopes away one by one. And now, to-day, I have
forfeited happiness through marriage, as well as the happiness styled
criminal, and I have known no happiness. Nothing is left to me. If I
could not die, at least I ought to be faithful to my memories.”

No tears came with the words. Her eyes fell, and there was a slight
twisting of the fingers interclasped, according to her wont. It was
simply said, but in her voice there was a note of despair, deep as
her love seemed to have been, which left Charles without a hope. The
dreadful story of a life told in three sentences, with that twisting of
the fingers for all comment, the might of anguish in a fragile woman,
the dark depths masked by a fair face, the tears of four years of
mourning fascinated Vandenesse; he sat silent and diminished in the
presence of her woman’s greatness and nobleness, seeing not the physical
beauty so exquisite, so perfectly complete, but the soul so great in
its power to feel. He had found, at last, the ideal of his fantastic
imaginings, the ideal so vigorously invoked by all who look on life as
the raw material of a passion for which many a one seeks ardently, and
dies before he has grasped the whole of the dreamed-of treasure.

With those words of hers in his ears, in the presence of her sublime
beauty, his own thoughts seemed poor and narrow. Powerless as he felt
himself to find words of his own, simple enough and lofty enough to
scale the heights of this exaltation, he took refuge in platitudes as to
the destiny of women.

“Madame, we must either forget our pain, or hollow out a tomb for

But reason always cuts a poor figure beside sentiment; the one being
essentially restricted, like everything that is positive, while the
other is infinite. To set to work to reason where you are required to
feel, is the mark of a limited nature. Vandenesse therefore held his
peace, sat awhile with his eyes fixed upon her, then came away. A prey
to novel thoughts which exalted woman for him, he was in something the
same position as a painter who has taken the vulgar studio model for
a type of womanhood, and suddenly confronts the _Mnemosyne_ of the
Musee--that noblest and least appreciated of antique statues.

Charles de Vandenesse was deeply in love. He loved Mme. d’Aiglemont with
the loyalty of youth, with the fervor that communicates such ineffable
charm to a first passion, with a simplicity of heart of which a man only
recovers some fragments when he loves again at a later day. Delicious
first passion of youth, almost always deliciously savored by the woman
who calls it forth; for at the golden prime of thirty, from the poetic
summit of a woman’s life, she can look out over the whole course of
love--backwards into the past, forwards into the future--and, knowing
all the price to be paid for love, enjoys her bliss with the dread of
losing it ever present with her. Her soul is still fair with her waning
youth, and passion daily gathers strength from the dismaying prospect of
the coming days.

“This is love,” Vandenesse said to himself this time as he left the
Marquise, “and for my misfortune I love a woman wedded to her memories.
It is hard work to struggle against a dead rival, never present to
make blunders and fall out of favor, nothing of him left but his better
qualities. What is it but a sort of high treason against the Ideal to
attempt to break the charm of memory, to destroy the hopes that survive
a lost lover, precisely because he only awakened longings, and all that
is loveliest and most enchanting in love?”

These sober reflections, due to the discouragement and dread of failure
with which love begins in earnest, were the last expiring effort of
diplomatic reasoning. Thenceforward he knew no afterthoughts, he was the
plaything of his love, and lost himself in the nothings of that strange
inexplicable happiness which is full fed by a chance word, by silence,
or a vague hope. He tried to love Platonically, came daily to breathe
the air that she breathed, became almost a part of her house, and went
everywhere with her, slave as he was of a tyrannous passion compounded
of egoism and devotion of the completest. Love has its own instinct,
finding the way to the heart, as the feeblest insect finds the way
to its flower, with a will which nothing can dismay or turn aside. If
feeling is sincere, its destiny is not doubtful. Let a woman begin to
think that her life depends on the sincerity or fervor or earnestness
which her lover shall put into his longings, and is there not sufficient
in the thought to put her through all the tortures of dread? It is
impossible for a woman, be she wife or mother, to be secure from a young
man’s love. One thing it is within her power to do--to refuse to see him
as soon as she learns a secret which she never fails to guess. But
this is too decided a step to take at an age when marriage has become a
prosaic and tiresome yoke, and conjugal affection is something less than
tepid (if indeed her husband has not already begun to neglect her). Is a
woman plain? she is flattered by a love which gives her fairness. Is she
young and charming? She is only to be won by a fascination as great
as her own power to charm, that is to say, a fascination well-nigh
irresistible. Is she virtuous? There is a love sublime in its
earthliness which leads her to find something like absolution in the
very greatness of the surrender and glory in a hard struggle. Everything
is a snare. No lesson, therefore, is too severe where the temptation is
so strong. The seclusion in which the Greeks and Orientals kept and keep
their women, an example more and more followed in modern England, is the
only safeguard of domestic morality; but under this system there is
an end of all the charm of social intercourse; and society, and good
breeding, and refinement of manners become impossible. The nations must
take their choice.

So a few months went by, and Mme. d’Aiglemont discovered that her life
was closely bound with this young man’s life, without overmuch confusion
in her surprise, and felt with something almost like pleasure that she
shared his tastes and his thoughts. Had she adopted Vandenesse’s ideas?
Or was it Vandenesse who had made her lightest whims his own? She was
not careful to inquire. She had been swept out already into the current
of passion, and yet this adorable woman told herself with the confident
reiteration of misgiving;

“Ah! no. I will be faithful to him who died for me.”

Pascal said that “the doubt of God implies belief in God.” And similarly
it may be said that a woman only parleys when she has surrendered. A day
came when the Marquise admitted to herself that she was loved, and
with that admission came a time of wavering among countless conflicting
thoughts and feelings. The superstitions of experience spoke their
language. Should she be happy? Was it possible that she should find
happiness outside the limits of the laws which society rightly or
wrongly has set up for humanity to live by? Hitherto her cup of life had
been full of bitterness. Was there any happy issue possible for the
ties which united two human beings held apart by social conventions? And
might not happiness be bought too dear? Still, this so ardently desired
happiness, for which it is so natural to seek, might perhaps be found
after all. Curiosity is always retained on the lover’s side in the suit.
The secret tribunal was still sitting when Vandenesse appeared, and his
presence put the metaphysical spectre, reason, to flight.

If such are the successive transformations through which a sentiment,
transient though it be, passes in a young man and a woman of thirty,
there comes a moment of time when the shades of difference blend into
each other, when all reasonings end in a single and final reflection
which is lost and absorbed in the desire which it confirms. Then the
longer the resistance, the mightier the voice of love. And here endeth
this lesson, or rather this study made from the _ecorche_, to borrow a
most graphic term from the studio, for in this history it is not so much
intended to portray love as to lay bare its mechanism and its dangers.
From this moment every day adds color to these dry bones, clothes them
again with living flesh and blood and the charm of youth, and puts
vitality into their movements; till they glow once more with the beauty,
the persuasive grace of sentiment, the loveliness of life.

Charles found Mme. d’Aiglemont absorbed in thought, and to his “What is
it?” spoken in thrilling tones grown persuasive with the heart’s soft
magic, she was careful not to reply. The delicious question bore witness
to the perfect unity of their spirits; and the Marquise felt, with a
woman’s wonderful intuition, that to give any expression to the sorrow
in her heart would be to make an advance. If, even now, each one
of those words was fraught with significance for them both, in what
fathomless depths might she not plunge at the first step? She read
herself with a clear and lucid glance. She was silent, and Vandenesse
followed her example.

“I am not feeling well,” she said at last, taking alarm at the pause
fraught with such great moment for them both, when the language of the
eyes completely filled the blank left by the helplessness of speech.

“Madame,” said Charles, and his voice was tender but unsteady with
strong feeling, “soul and body are both dependent on each other. If you
were happy, you would be young and fresh. Why do you refuse to ask of
love all that love has taken from you? You think that your life is over
when it is only just beginning. Trust yourself to a friend’s care. It is
so sweet to be loved.”

“I am old already,” she said; “there is no reason why I should not
continue to suffer as in the past. And ‘one must love,’ do you say?
Well, I must not, and I cannot. Your friendship has put some sweetness
into my life, but beside you I care for no one, no one could efface my
memories. A friend I accept; I should fly from a lover. Besides, would
it be a very generous thing to do, to exchange a withered heart for a
young heart; to smile upon illusions which now I cannot share, to cause
happiness in which I should either have no belief, or tremble to lose?
I should perhaps respond to his devotion with egoism, should weigh and
deliberate while he felt; my memory would resent the poignancy of his
happiness. No, if you love once, that love is never replaced, you see.
Indeed, who would have my heart at this price?”

There was a tinge of heartless coquetry in the words, the last effort of

“If he loses courage, well and good, I shall live alone and faithful.”
 The thought came from the very depths of the woman, for her it was the
too slender willow twig caught in vain by a swimmer swept out by the

Vandenesse’s involuntary shudder at her dictum plead more eloquently for
him than all his past assiduity. Nothing moves a woman so much as the
discovery of a gracious delicacy in us, such a refinement of sentiment
as her own, for a woman the grace and delicacy are sure tokens of truth.
Charles’ start revealed the sincerity of his love. Mme. d’Aiglemont
learned the strength of his affection from the intensity of his pain.

“Perhaps you are right,” he said coldly. “New love, new vexation of

Then he changed the subject, and spoke of indifferent matters; but he
was visibly moved, and he concentrated his gaze on Mme. d’Aiglemont as
if he were seeing her for the last time.

“Adieu, madame,” he said, with emotion in his voice.

“_Au revoir_,” said she, with that subtle coquetry, the secret of a very
few among women.

He made no answer and went.

When Charles was no longer there, when his empty chair spoke for him,
regrets flocked in upon her, and she found fault with herself. Passion
makes an immense advance as soon as a woman persuades herself that she
has failed somewhat in generosity or hurt a noble nature. In love there
is never any need to be on our guard against the worst in us; that is
a safeguard; a woman only surrenders at the summons of a virtue. “The
floor of hell is paved with good intentions,”--it is no preacher’s

Vandenesse stopped away for several days. Every evening at the
accustomed hour the Marquise sat expectant in remorseful impatience.
She could not write--that would be a declaration, and, moreover, her
instinct told her that he would come back. On the sixth day he was
announced, and never had she heard the name with such delight. Her joy
frightened her.

“You have punished me well,” she said, addressing him.

Vandenesse gazed at her in astonishment.

“Punished?” he echoed. “And for what?” He understood her quite well,
but he meant to be avenged for all that he had suffered as soon as she
suspected it.

“Why have you not come to see me?” she demanded with a smile.

“Then you have seen no visitors?” asked he, parrying the question.

“Yes. M. de Ronquerolles and M. de Marsay and young d’Escrignon came
and stayed for nearly two hours, the first two yesterday, the last this
morning. And besides, I have had a call, I believe, from Mme. Firmiani
and from your sister, Mme. de Listomere.”

Here was a new infliction, torture which none can comprehend unless they
know love as a fierce and all-invading tyrant whose mildest symptom is
a monstrous jealousy, a perpetual desire to snatch away the beloved from
every other influence.

“What!” thought he to himself, “she has seen visitors, she has been
with happy creatures, and talking to them, while I was unhappy and all

He buried his annoyance forthwith, and consigned love to the depths of
his heart, like a coffin to the sea. His thoughts were of the kind that
never find expression in words; they pass through the mind swiftly as
a deadly acid, that poisons as it evaporates and vanishes. His brow,
however, was over-clouded; and Mme. d’Aiglemont, guided by her woman’s
instinct, shared his sadness without understanding it. She had hurt him,
unwittingly, as Vandenesse knew. He talked over his position with her,
as if his jealousy were one of those hypothetical cases which lovers
love to discuss. Then the Marquise understood it all. She was so deeply
moved, that she could not keep back the tears--and so these lovers
entered the heaven of love.

Heaven and Hell are two great imaginative conceptions formulating our
ideas of Joy and Sorrow--those two poles about which human existence
revolves. Is not heaven a figure of speech covering now and for
evermore an infinite of human feeling impossible to express save in its
accidents--since that Joy is one? And what is Hell but the symbol of
our infinite power to suffer tortures so diverse that of our pain it is
possible to fashion works of art, for no two human sorrows are alike?

One evening the two lovers sat alone and side by side, silently watching
one of the fairest transformations of the sky, a cloudless heaven taking
hues of pale gold and purple from the last rays of the sunset. With the
slow fading of the daylight, sweet thoughts seem to awaken, and soft
stirrings of passion, and a mysterious sense of trouble in the midst of
calm. Nature sets before us vague images of bliss, bidding us enjoy
the happiness within our reach, or lament it when it has fled. In those
moments fraught with enchantment, when the tender light in the canopy
of the sky blends in harmony with the spells working within, it is
difficult to resist the heart’s desires grown so magically potent. Cares
are blunted, joy becomes ecstasy; pain, intolerable anguish. The pomp
of sunset gives the signal for confessions and draws them forth. Silence
grows more dangerous than speech for it gives to eyes all the power of
the infinite of the heavens reflected in them. And for speech, the least
word has irresistible might. Is not the light infused into the voice and
purple into the glances? Is not heaven within us, or do we feel that we
are in the heavens?

Vandenesse and Julie--for so she had allowed herself to be called
for the past few days by him whom she loved to speak of as
Charles--Vandenesse and Julie were talking together, but they had
drifted very far from their original subject; and if their spoken words
had grown meaningless they listened in delight to the unspoken thoughts
that lurked in the sounds. Her hand lay in his. She had abandoned it to
him without a thought that she had granted a proof of love.

Together they leaned forward to look out upon a majestic cloud country,
full of snows and glaciers and fantastic mountain peaks with gray stains
of shadow on their sides, a picture composed of sharp contrasts between
fiery red and the shadows of darkness, filling the skies with a fleeting
vision of glory which cannot be reproduced--magnificent swaddling-bands
of sunrise, bright shrouds of the dying sun. As they leaned Julie’s hair
brushed lightly against Vandenesse’s cheek. She felt that light contact,
and shuddered violently, and he even more, for imperceptibly they both
had reached one of those inexplicable crises when quiet has wrought
upon the senses until every faculty of perception is so keen that the
slightest shock fills the heart lost in melancholy with sadness that
overflows in tears; or raises joy to ecstasy in a heart that is lost
in the vertigo of love. Almost involuntarily Julie pressed her lover’s
hand. That wooing pressure gave courage to his timidity. All the joy of
the present, all the hopes of the future were blended in the emotion
of a first caress, the bashful trembling kiss that Mme. d’Aiglemont
received upon her cheek. The slighter the concession, the more dangerous
and insinuating it was. For their double misfortune it was only too
sincere a revelation. Two noble natures had met and blended, drawn
each to each by every law of natural attraction, held apart by every

General d’Aiglemont came in at that very moment.

“The Ministry has gone out,” he said. “Your uncle will be in the
new cabinet. So you stand an uncommonly good chance of an embassy,

Charles and Julie looked at each other and flushed red. That blush was
one more tie to unite them; there was one thought and one remorse in
either mind; between two lovers guilty of a kiss there is a bond quite
as strong and terrible as the bond between two robbers who have murdered
a man. Something had to be said by way of reply.

“I do not care to leave Paris now,” Charles said.

“We know why,” said the General, with the knowing air of a man who
discovers a secret. “You do not like to leave your uncle, because you do
not wish to lose your chance of succeeding to the title.”

The Marquise took refuge in her room, and in her mind passed a pitiless
verdict upon her husband.

“His stupidity is really beyond anything!”


Between the Barriere d’Italie and the Barriere de la Sante, along the
boulevard which leads to the Jardin des Plantes, you have a view of
Paris fit to send an artist or the tourist, the most _blase_ in matters
of landscape, into ecstasies. Reach the slightly higher ground where the
line of boulevard, shaded by tall, thick-spreading trees, curves with
the grace of some green and silent forest avenue, and you see spread
out at your feet a deep valley populous with factories looking almost
countrified among green trees and the brown streams of the Bievre or the

On the opposite slope, beneath some thousands of roofs packed close
together like heads in a crowd, lurks the squalor of the Faubourg
Saint-Marceau. The imposing cupola of the Pantheon, and the grim
melancholy dome of the Val-du-Grace, tower proudly up above a whole
town in itself, built amphitheatre-wise; every tier being grotesquely
represented by a crooked line of street, so that the two public
monuments look like a huge pair of giants dwarfing into insignificance
the poor little houses and the tallest poplars in the valley. To your
left behold the observatory, the daylight, pouring athwart its windows
and galleries, producing such fantastical strange effects that the
building looks like a black spectral skeleton. Further yet in the
distance rises the elegant lantern tower of the Invalides, soaring
up between the bluish pile of the Luxembourg and the gray tours of
Saint-Sulpice. From this standpoint the lines of the architecture are
blended with green leaves and gray shadows, and change every moment with
every aspect of the heavens, every alteration of light or color in the
sky. Afar, the skyey spaces themselves seem to be full of buildings;
near, wind the serpentine curves of waving trees and green footpaths.

Away to your right, through a great gap in this singular landscape,
you see the canal Saint-Martin, a long pale stripe with its edging
of reddish stone quays and fringes of lime avenue. The long rows of
buildings beside it, in genuine Roman style, are the public granaries.

Beyond, again, on the very last plane of all, see the smoke-dimmed
slopes of Belleville covered with houses and windmills, which blend
their freaks of outline with the chance effects of cloud. And still,
between that horizon, vague as some childish recollection, and the
serried range of roofs in the valley, a whole city lies out of sight: a
huge city, engulfed, as it were, in a vast hollow between the pinnacles
of the Hopital de la Pitie and the ridge line of the Cimetiere de l’Est,
between suffering on the one hand and death on the other; a city sending
up a smothered roar like Ocean grumbling at the foot of a cliff, as if
to let you know that “I am here!”

When the sunlight pours like a flood over this strip of Paris, purifying
and etherealizing the outlines, kindling answering lights here and there
in the window panes, brightening the red tiles, flaming about the golden
crosses, whitening walls and transforming the atmosphere into a gauzy
veil, calling up rich contrasts of light and fantastic shadow; when the
sky is blue and earth quivers in the heat, and the bells are pealing,
then you shall see one of the eloquent fairy scenes which stamp
themselves for ever on the imagination, a scene that shall find as
fanatical worshipers as the wondrous views of Naples and Byzantium or
the isles of Florida. Nothing is wanting to complete the harmony, the
murmur of the world of men and the idyllic quiet of solitude, the voices
of a million human creatures and the voice of God. There lies a whole
capital beneath the peaceful cypresses of Pere-Lachaise.

The landscape lay in all its beauty, sparkling in the spring sunlight,
as I stood looking out over it one morning, my back against a huge
elm-tree that flung its yellow flowers to the wind. At the sight of the
rich and glorious view before me, I thought bitterly of the scorn with
which even in our literature we affect to hold this land of ours, and
poured maledictions on the pitiable plutocrats who fall out of love with
fair France, and spend their gold to acquire the right of sneering at
their own country, by going through Italy at a gallop and inspecting
that desecrated land through an opera-glass. I cast loving eyes on
modern Paris. I was beginning to dream dreams, when the sound of a kiss
disturbed the solitude and put philosophy to flight. Down the sidewalk,
along the steep bank, above the rippling water, I saw beyond the
Ponte des Gobelins the figure of a woman, dressed with the daintiest
simplicity; she was still young, as it seemed to me, and the blithe
gladness of the landscape was reflected in her sweet face. Her
companion, a handsome young man, had just set down a little boy. A
prettier child has never been seen, and to this day I do not know
whether it was the little one or his mother who received the kiss. In
their young faces, in their eyes, their smile, their every movement, you
could read the same deep and tender thought. Their arms were interlaced
with such glad swiftness; they drew close together with such marvelous
unanimity of impulse that, conscious of nothing but themselves, they did
not so much as see me. A second child, however--a little girl, who had
turned her back upon them in sullen discontent--threw me a glance, and
the expression in her eyes startled me. She was as pretty and engaging
as the little brother whom she left to run about by himself, sometimes
before, sometimes after their mother and her companion; but her charm
was less childish, and now, as she stood mute and motionless, her
attitude and demeanor suggested a torpid snake. There was something
indescribably mechanical in the way in which the pretty woman and her
companion paced up and down. In absence of mind, probably, they were
content to walk to and fro between the little bridge and a carriage that
stood waiting nearby at a corner in the boulevard, turning, stopping
short now and again, looking into each other’s eyes, or breaking into
laughter as their casual talk grew lively or languid, grave or gay.

I watched this delicious picture a while from my hiding-place by the
great elm-tree, and should have turned away no doubt and respected their
privacy, if it had not been for a chance discovery. In the face of the
brooding, silent, elder child I saw traces of thought overdeep for her
age. When her mother and the young man at her side turned and came
near, her head was frequently lowered; the furtive sidelong glances
of intelligence that she gave the pair and the child her brother were
nothing less than extraordinary. Sometimes the pretty woman or her
friend would stroke the little boy’s fair curls, or lay a caressing
finger against the baby throat or the white collar as he played at
keeping step with them; and no words can describe the shrewd subtlety,
the ingenuous malice, the fierce intensity which lighted up that pallid
little face with the faint circles already round the eyes. Truly there
was a man’s power of passion in the strange-looking, delicate little
girl. Here were traces of suffering or of thought in her; and which
is the more certain token of death when life is in blossom--physical
suffering, or the malady of too early thought preying upon a soul as yet
in bud? Perhaps a mother knows. For my own part, I know of nothing more
dreadful to see than an old man’s thoughts on a child’s forehead; even
blasphemy from girlish lips is less monstrous.

The almost stupid stolidity of this child who had begun to think
already, her rare gestures, everything about her, interested me. I
scrutinized her curiously. Then the common whim of the observer drew
me to compare her with her brother, and to note their likeness and

Her brown hair and dark eyes and look of precocious power made a rich
contrast with the little one’s fair curled head and sea-green eyes and
winning helplessness. She, perhaps, was seven or eight years of age; the
boy was full four years younger. Both children were dressed alike; but
here again, looking closely, I noticed a difference. It was very slight,
a little thing enough; but in the light of after events I saw that it
meant a whole romance in the past, a whole tragedy to come. The little
brown-haired maid wore a linen collar with a plain hem, her brother’s
was edged with dainty embroidery, that was all; but therein lay the
confession of a heart’s secret, a tacit preference which a child can
read in the mother’s inmost soul as clearly as if the spirit of God
revealed it. The fair-haired child, careless and glad, looked almost
like a girl, his skin was so fair and fresh, his movements so graceful,
his look so sweet; while his older sister, in spite of her energy, in
spite of the beauty of her features and her dazzling complexion, looked
like a sickly little boy. In her bright eyes there was none of the humid
softness which lends such charm to children’s faces; they seemed, like
courtiers’ eyes, to be dried by some inner fire; and in her pallor there
was a certain swarthy olive tint, the sign of vigorous character. Twice
her little brother came to her, holding out a tiny hunting-horn with a
touching charm, a winning look, and wistful expression, which would
have sent Charlet into ecstasies, but she only scowled in answer to his
“Here, Helene, will you take it?” so persuasively spoken. The little
girl, so sombre and vehement beneath her apparent indifference,
shuddered, and even flushed red when her brother came near her; but
the little one seemed not to notice his sister’s dark mood, and his
unconsciousness, blended with earnestness, marked a final difference
in character between the child and the little girl, whose brow was
overclouded already by the gloom of a man’s knowledge and cares.

“Mamma, Helene will not play,” cried the little one, seizing an
opportunity to complain while the two stood silent on the Ponte des

“Let her alone, Charles; you know very well that she is always cross.”

Tears sprang to Helene’s eyes at the words so thoughtlessly uttered
by her mother as she turned abruptly to the young man by her side. The
child devoured the speech in silence, but she gave her brother one of
those sagacious looks that seemed inexplicable to me, glancing with a
sinister expression from the bank where he stood to the Bievre, then at
the bridge and the view, and then at me.

I was afraid lest my presence should disturb the happy couple; I slipped
away and took refuge behind a thicket of elder trees, which completely
screened me from all eyes. Sitting quietly on the summit of the bank, I
watched the ever-changing landscape and the fierce-looking little girl,
for with my head almost on a level with the boulevard I could still see
her through the leaves. Helene seemed uneasy over my disappearance,
her dark eyes looked for me down the alley and behind the trees with
indefinable curiosity. What was I to her? Then Charles’ baby laughter
rang out like a bird’s song in the silence. The tall, young man, with
the same fair hair, was dancing him in his arms, showering kisses upon
him, and the meaningless baby words of that “little language” which
rises to our lips when we play with children. The mother looked on
smiling, now and then, doubtless, putting in some low word that came
up from the heart, for her companion would stop short in his full
happiness, and the blue eyes that turned towards her were full of
glowing light and love and worship. Their voices, blending with the
child’s voice, reached me with a vague sense of a caress. The three
figures, charming in themselves, composed a lovely scene in a glorious
landscape, filling it with a pervasive unimaginable grace. A delicately
fair woman, radiant with smiles, a child of love, a young man with the
irresistible charm of youth, a cloudless sky; nothing was wanting in
nature to complete a perfect harmony for the delight of the soul. I
found myself smiling as if their happiness had been my own.

The clocks struck nine. The young man gave a tender embrace to his
companion, and went towards the tilbury which an old servant drove
slowly to meet him. The lady had grown grave and almost sad. The child’s
prattle sounded unchecked through the last farewell kisses. Then the
tilbury rolled away, and the lady stood motionless, listening to the
sound of the wheels, watching the little cloud of dust raised by its
passage along the road. Charles ran down the green pathway back to the
bridge to join his sister. I heard his silver voice calling to her.

“Why did you not come to say good-bye to my good friend?” cried he.

Helene looked up. Never surely did such hatred gleam from a child’s
eyes as from hers at that moment when she turned them on the brother who
stood beside her on the bank side. She gave him an angry push. Charles
lost his footing on the steep slope, stumbled over the roots of a tree,
and fell headlong forwards, dashing his forehead on the sharp-edged
stones of the embankment, and, covered with blood, disappeared over the
edge into the muddy river. The turbid water closed over a fair, bright
head with a shower of splashes; one sharp shriek after another rang in
my ears; then the sounds were stifled by the thick stream, and the poor
child sank with a dull sound as if a stone had been thrown into the
water. The accident had happened with more than lightning swiftness. I
sprang down the footpath, and Helene, stupefied with horror, shrieked
again and again:

“Mamma! mamma!”

The mother was there at my side. She had flown to the spot like a bird.
But neither a mother’s eyes nor mine could find the exact place where
the little one had gone under. There was a wide space of black hurrying
water, and below in the bed of the Bievre ten feet of mud. There was
not the smallest possibility of saving the child. No one was stirring at
that hour on a Sunday morning, and there are neither barges nor anglers
on the Bievre. There was not a creature in sight, not a pole to plumb
the filthy stream. What need was there for me to explain how the
ugly-looking accident had happened--accident or misfortune, whichever
it might be? Had Helene avenged her father? Her jealousy surely was
the sword of God. And yet when I looked at the mother I shivered. What
fearful ordeal awaited her when she should return to her husband, the
judge before whom she must stand all her days? And here with her was an
inseparable, incorruptible witness. A child’s forehead is transparent,
a child’s face hides no thoughts, and a lie, like a red flame set within
glows out red that colors even the eyes. But the unhappy woman had not
thought as yet of the punishment awaiting her at home; she was staring
into the Bievre.

Such an event must inevitably send ghastly echoes through a woman’s
life, and here is one of the most terrible of the reverberations that
troubled Julie’s love from time to time.

Several years had gone by. The Marquis de Vandenesse wore mourning for
his father, and succeeded to his estates. One evening, therefore, after
dinner it happened that a notary was present in his house. This was
no pettifogging lawyer after Sterne’s pattern, but a very solid,
substantial notary of Paris, one of your estimable men who do a stupid
thing pompously, set down a foot heavily upon your private corn, and
then ask what in the world there is to cry out about? If, by accident,
they come to know the full extent of the enormity, “Upon my word,” cry
they, “I hadn’t a notion!” This was a well-intentioned ass, in short,
who could see nothing in life but deeds and documents.

Mme. de Aiglemont had been dining with M. de Vandenesse; her husband
had excused himself before dinner was over, for he was taking his two
children to the play. They were to go to some Boulevard theatre or
other, to the Ambigu-Comique or the Gaiete, sensational melodrama being
judged harmless here in Paris, and suitable pabulum for childhood,
because innocence is always triumphant in the fifth act. The boy and
girl had teased their father to be there before the curtain rose, so he
had left the table before dessert was served.

But the notary, the imperturbable notary, utterly incapable of asking
himself why Mme. d’Aiglemont should have allowed her husband and
children to go without her to the play, sat on as if he were screwed to
his chair. Dinner was over, dessert had been prolonged by discussion,
and coffee delayed. All these things consumed time, doubtless precious,
and drew impatient movements from that charming woman; she looked not
unlike a thoroughbred pawing the ground before a race; but the man of
law, to whom horses and women were equally unknown quantities, simply
thought the Marquise a very lively and sparkling personage. So enchanted
was he to be in the company of a woman of fashion and a political
celebrity, that he was exerting himself to shine in conversation,
and taking the lady’s forced smile for approbation, talked on with
unflagging spirit, till the Marquise was almost out of patience.

The master of the house, in concert with the lady, had more than once
maintained an eloquent silence when the lawyer expected a civil reply;
but these significant pauses were employed by the talkative nuisance in
looking for anecdotes in the fire. M. de Vandenesse had recourse to
his watch; the charming Marquise tried the experiment of fastening her
bonnet strings, and made as if she would go. But she did not go, and the
notary, blind and deaf, and delighted with himself, was quite convinced
that his interesting conversational powers were sufficient to keep the
lady on the spot.

“I shall certainly have that woman for a client,” said he to himself.

Meanwhile the Marquise stood, putting on her gloves, twisting her
fingers, looking from the equally impatient Marquis de Vandenesse to the
lawyer, still pounding away. At every pause in the worthy man’s fire of
witticisms the charming pair heaved a sigh of relief, and their looks
said plainly, “At last! He is really going!”

Nothing of the kind. It was a nightmare which could only end in
exasperating the two impassioned creatures, on whom the lawyer had
something of the fascinating effect of a snake on a pair of birds;
before long they would be driven to cut him short.

The clever notary was giving them the history of the discreditable ways
in which one du Tillet (a stockbroker then much in favor) had laid
the foundations of his fortune; all the ins and outs of the whole
disgraceful business were accurately put before them; and the narrator
was in the very middle of his tale when M. de Vandenesse heard the clock
strike nine. Then it became clear to him that his legal adviser was very
emphatically an idiot who must be sent forthwith about his business. He
stopped him resolutely with a gesture.

“The tongs, my lord Marquis?” queried the notary, handing the object in
question to his client.

“No, monsieur, I am compelled to send you away. Mme. d’Aiglemont wishes
to join her children, and I shall have the honor of escorting her.”

“Nine o’clock already! Time goes like a shadow in pleasant company,”
 said the man of law, who had talked on end for the past hour.

He looked for his hat, planted himself before the fire, with a
suppressed hiccough; and, without heeding the Marquise’s withering
glances, spoke once more to his impatient client:

“To sum up, my lord Marquis. Business before all things. To-morrow,
then, we must subpoena your brother; we will proceed to make out the
inventory, and faith, after that----”

So ill had the lawyer understood his instructions, that his impression
was the exact opposite to the one intended. It was a delicate matter,
and Vandenesse, in spite of himself, began to put the thick-headed
notary right. The discussion which followed took up a certain amount of

“Listen,” the diplomatist said at last at a sign from the lady, “You are
puzzling my brains; come back to-morrow, and if the writ is not issued
by noon to-morrow, the days of grace will expire, and then--”

As he spoke, a carriage entered the courtyard. The poor woman turned
sharply away at the sound to hide the tears in her eyes. The Marquis
rang to give the servant orders to say that he was not at home; but
before the footman could answer the bell, the lady’s husband reappeared.
He had returned unexpectedly from the Gaiete, and held both children by
the hand. The little girl’s eyes were red; the boy was fretful and very

“What can have happened?” asked the Marquise.

“I will tell you by and by,” said the General, and catching a glimpse
through an open door of newspapers on the table in the adjoining
sitting-room, he went off. The Marquise, at the end of her patience,
flung herself down on the sofa in desperation. The notary, thinking it
incumbent upon him to be amiable with the children, spoke to the little
boy in an insinuating tone:

“Well, my little man, and what is there on at the theatre?”

“_The Valley of the Torrent_,” said Gustave sulkily.

“Upon my word and honor,” declared the notary, “authors nowadays are
half crazy. _The Valley of the Torrent_! Why not the Torrent of the
Valley? It is conceivable that a valley might be without a torrent in
it; now if they had said the Torrent of the Valley, that would have
been something clear, something precise, something definite and
comprehensible. But never mind that. Now, how is the drama to take place
in a torrent and in a valley? You will tell me that in these days the
principal attraction lies in the scenic effect, and the title is a
capital advertisement.--And did you enjoy it, my little friend?” he
continued, sitting down before the child.

When the notary pursued his inquiries as to the possibilities of a drama
in the bed of a torrent, the little girl turned slowly away and began to
cry. Her mother did not notice this in her intense annoyance.

“Oh! yes, monsieur, I enjoyed it very much,” said the child. “There is a
dear little boy in the play, and he was all alone in the world, because
his papa could not have been his real papa. And when he came to the top
of the bridge over the torrent, a big, naughty man with a beard, dressed
all in black, came and threw him into the water. And then Helene began
to sob and cry, and everybody scolded us, and father brought us away
quick, quick----”

M. de Vandenesse and the Marquise looked on in dull amazement, as if all
power to think or move had been suddenly paralyzed.

“Do be quiet, Gustave!” cried the General. “I told you that you were not
to talk about anything that happened at the play, and you have forgotten
what I said already.”

“Oh, my lord Marquis, your lordship must excuse him,” cried the notary.
“I ought not to have asked questions, but I had no idea--”

“He ought not to have answered them,” said the General, looking sternly
at the child.

It seemed that the Marquise and the master of the house both perfectly
understood why the children had come back so suddenly. Mme. d’Aiglemont
looked at her daughter, and rose as if to go to her, but a terrible
convulsion passed over her face, and all that could be read in it was
relentless severity.

“That will do, Helene,” she said. “Go into the other room, and leave off

“What can she have done, poor child!” asked the notary, thinking to
appease the mother’s anger and to stop Helene’s tears at one stroke. “So
pretty as she is, she must be as good as can be; never anything but a
joy to her mother, I will be bound. Isn’t that so, my little girl?”

Helene cowered, looked at her mother, dried her eyes, struggled for
composure, and took refuge in the next room.

“And you, madame, are too good a mother not to love all your children
alike. You are too good a woman, besides, to have any of those
lamentable preferences which have such fatal effects, as we lawyers have
only too much reason to know. Society goes through our hands; we see its
passions in that most revolting form, greed. Here it is the mother of a
family trying to disinherit her husband’s children to enrich the others
whom she loves better; or it is the husband who tries to leave all his
property to the child who has done his best to earn his mother’s hatred.
And then begin quarrels, and fears, and deeds, and defeasances, and sham
sales, and trusts, and all the rest of it; a pretty mess, in fact, it
is pitiable, upon my honor, pitiable! There are fathers that will spend
their whole lives in cheating their children and robbing their wives.
Yes, robbing is the only word for it. We were talking of tragedy; oh!
I can assure you of this that if we were at liberty to tell the real
reasons of some donations that I know of, our modern dramatists would
have the material for some sensational _bourgeois_ dramas. How the wife
manages to get her way, as she invariably does, I cannot think; for in
spite of appearances, and in spite of their weakness, it is always the
women who carry the day. Ah! by the way, they don’t take _me_ in. I
always know the reason at the bottom of those predilections which the
world politely styles ‘unaccountable.’ But in justice to the husbands, I
must say that _they_ never discover anything. You will tell me that this
is a merciful dispens--”

Helene had come back to the drawing-room with her father, and was
listening attentively. So well did she understand all that was said,
that she gave her mother a frightened glance, feeling, with a child’s
quick instinct, that these remarks would aggravate the punishment
hanging over her. The Marquise turned her white face to Vandenesse; and,
with terror in her eyes, indicated her husband, who stood with his eyes
fixed absently on the flower pattern of the carpet. The diplomatist,
accomplished man of the world though he was, could no longer contain his
wrath, he gave the man of law a withering glance.

“Step this way, sir,” he said, and he went hurriedly to the door of the
ante-chamber; the notary left his sentence half finished, and followed,
quaking, and the husband and wife were left together.

“Now, sir” said the Marquise de Vandenesse--he banged the drawing-room
door, and spoke with concentrated rage--“ever since dinner you have done
nothing but make blunders and talk folly. For heaven’s sake, go. You
will make the most frightful mischief before you have done. If you are
a clever man in your profession, keep to your profession; and if by any
chance you should go into society, endeavor to be more circumspect.”

With that he went back to the drawing-room, and did not even wish
the notary good-evening. For a moment that worthy stood dumfounded,
bewildered, utterly at a loss. Then, when the buzzing in his ears
subsided, he thought he heard someone moaning in the next room.
Footsteps came and went, and bells were violently rung. He was by no
means anxious to meet the Marquis again, and found the use of his
legs to make good his escape, only to run against a hurrying crowd of
servants at the door.

“Just the way of all these grand folk,” said he to himself outside in
the street as he looked about for a cab. “They lead you on to talk with
compliments, and you think you are amusing them. Not a bit of it. They
treat you insolently; put you at a distance; even put you out at the
door without scruple. After all, I talked very cleverly, I said nothing
but what was sensible, well turned, and discreet; and, upon my word, he
advises me to be more circumspect in future. I will take good care
of that! Eh! the mischief take it! I am a notary and a member of my
chamber!--Pshaw! it was an ambassador’s fit of temper, nothing is sacred
for people of that kind. To-morrow he shall explain what he meant by
saying that I had done nothing but blunder and talk nonsense in his
house. I will ask him for an explanation--that is, I will ask him
to explain my mistake. After all is done and said, I am in the wrong
perhaps---- Upon my word, it is very good of me to cudgel my brains like
this. What business is it of mine?”

So the notary went home and laid the enigma before his spouse, with a
complete account of the evening’s events related in sequence.

And she replied, “My dear Crottat, His Excellency was perfectly right
when he said that you had done nothing but blunder and talk folly.”


“My dear, if I told you why, it would not prevent you from doing the
same thing somewhere else to-morrow. I tell you again--talk of nothing
but business when you go out; that is my advice to you.”

“If you will not tell me, I shall ask him to-morrow--”

“Why, dear me! the veriest noodle is careful to hide a thing of that
kind, and do you suppose that an ambassador will tell you about
it? Really, Crottat, I have never known you so utterly devoid of

“Thank you, my dear.”


One of Napoleon’s orderly staff-officers, who shall be known in this
history only as the General or the Marquis, had come to spend the spring
at Versailles. He made a large fortune under the Restoration; and as
his place at Court would not allow him to go very far from Paris, he had
taken a country house between the church and the barrier of Montreuil,
on the road that leads to the Avenue de Saint-Cloud.

The house had been built originally as a retreat for the short-lived
loves of some _grand seigneur_. The grounds were very large; the gardens
on either side extending from the first houses of Montreuil to the
thatched cottages near the barrier, so that the owner could enjoy all
the pleasures of solitude with the city almost at his gates. By an odd
piece of contradiction, the whole front of the house itself, with the
principal entrance, gave directly upon the street. Perhaps in time past
it was a tolerably lonely road, and indeed this theory looks all the
more probable when one comes to think of it; for not so very far away,
on this same road, Louis Quinze built a delicious summer villa for Mlle.
de Romans, and the curious in such things will discover that the
wayside _casinos_ are adorned in a style that recalls traditions of the
ingenious taste displayed in debauchery by our ancestors who, with all
the license paid to their charge, sought to invest it with secrecy and

One winter evening the family were by themselves in the lonely house.
The servants had received permission to go to Versailles to celebrate
the wedding of one of their number. It was Christmas time, and the
holiday makers, presuming upon the double festival, did not scruple to
outstay their leave of absence; yet, as the General was well known to be
a man of his word, the culprits felt some twinges of conscience as they
danced on after the hour of return. The clocks struck eleven, and still
there was no sign of the servants.

A deep silence prevailed over the country-side, broken only by the sound
of the northeast wind whistling through the black branches, wailing
about the house, dying in gusts along the corridors. The hard frost had
purified the air, and held the earth in its grip; the roads gave back
every sound with the hard metallic ring which always strikes us with
a new surprise; the heavy footsteps of some belated reveler, or a cab
returning to Paris, could be heard for a long distance with unwonted
distinctness. Out in the courtyard a few dead leaves set a-dancing
by some eddying gust found a voice for the night which fain had been
silent. It was, in fact, one of those sharp, frosty evenings that wring
barren expressions of pity from our selfish ease for wayfarers and
the poor, and fills us with a luxurious sense of the comfort of the

But the family party in the salon at that hour gave not a thought to
absent servants nor houseless folk, nor to the gracious charm with which
a winter evening sparkles. No one played the philosopher out of season.
Secure in the protection of an old soldier, women and children gave
themselves up to the joys of home life, so delicious when there is no
restraint upon feeling; and talk and play and glances are bright with
frankness and affection.

The General sat, or more properly speaking, lay buried, in the depths
of a huge, high-back armchair by the hearth. The heaped-up fire burned
scorching clear with the excessive cold of the night. The good father
leaned his head slightly to one side against the back of the chair, in
the indolence of perfect serenity and a glow of happiness. The languid,
half-sleepy droop of his outstretched arms seemed to complete his
expression of placid content. He was watching his youngest, a boy of
five or thereabouts, who, half clad as he was, declined to allow his
mother to undress him. The little one fled from the night-gown and cap
with which he was threatened now and again, and stoutly declined to part
with his embroidered collar, laughing when his mother called to him,
for he saw that she too was laughing at this declaration of infant
independence. The next step was to go back to a game of romps with his
sister. She was as much a child as he, but more mischievous; and she
was older by two years, and could speak distinctly already, whereas his
inarticulate words and confused ideas were a puzzle even to his parents.
Little Moina’s playfulness, somewhat coquettish already, provoked
inextinguishable laughter, explosions of merriment which went off like
fireworks for no apparent cause. As they tumbled about before the
fire, unconcernedly displaying little plump bodies and delicate white
contours, as the dark and golden curls mingled in a collision of rosy
cheeks dimpled with childish glee, a father surely, a mother most
certainly, must have understood those little souls, and seen the
character and power of passion already developed for their eyes. As the
cherubs frolicked about, struggling, rolling, and tumbling without fear
of hurt on the soft carpet, its flowers looked pale beside the glowing
white and red of their cheeks and the brilliant color of their shining

On the sofa by the fire, opposite the great armchair, the children’s
mother sat among a heap of scattered garments, with a little scarlet
shoe in her hand. She seemed to have given herself up completely to the
enjoyment of the moment; wavering discipline had relaxed into a
sweet smile engraved upon her lips. At the age of six-and-thirty, or
thereabouts, she was a beautiful woman still, by reason of the rare
perfection of the outlines of her face, and at this moment light and
warmth and happiness filled it with preternatural brightness.

Again and again her eyes wandered from her children, and their tender
gaze was turned upon her husband’s grave face; and now and again the
eyes of husband and wife met with a silent exchange of happiness and
thoughts from some inner depth.

The General’s face was deeply bronzed, a stray lock of gray hair scored
shadows on his forehead. The reckless courage of the battlefield could
be read in the lines carved in his hollow cheeks, and gleams of rugged
strength in the blue eyes; clearly the bit of red ribbon flaunting at
his button-hole had been paid for by hardship and toil. An inexpressible
kindliness and frankness shone out of the strong, resolute face which
reflected his children’s merriment; the gray-haired captain found it not
so very hard to become a child again. Is there not always a little love
of children in the heart of a soldier who has seen enough of the seamy
side of life to know something of the piteous limitations of strength
and the privileges of weakness?

At a round table rather further away, in a circle of bright lamplight
that dimmed the feebler illumination of the wax candles on the
chimney-piece, sat a boy of thirteen, rapidly turning the pages of a
thick volume which he was reading, undisturbed by the shouts of the
children. There was a boy’s curiosity in his face. From his _lyceens_
uniform he was evidently a schoolboy, and the book he was reading was
the _Arabian Nights_. Small wonder that he was deeply absorbed. He sat
perfectly still in a meditative attitude, with his elbow on the table,
and his hand propping his head--the white fingers contrasting strongly
with the brown hair into which they were thrust. As he sat, with the
light turned full upon his face, and the rest of his body in shadow, he
looked like one of Raphael’s dark portraits of himself--a bent head and
intent eyes filled with visions of the future.

Between the table and the Marquise a tall, beautiful girl sat at her
tapestry frame; sometimes she drew back from her work, sometimes she
bent over it, and her hair, picturesque in its ebony smoothness and
darkness, caught the light of the lamp. Helene was a picture in herself.
In her beauty there was a rare distinctive character of power and
refinement. Though her hair was gathered up and drawn back from her
face, so as to trace a clearly marked line about her head, so thick and
abundant was it, so recalcitrant to the comb, that it sprang back in
curl-tendrils to the nape of her neck. The bountiful line of eyebrows
was evenly marked out in dark contrasting outline upon her pure
forehead. On her upper lip, beneath the Grecian nose with its
sensitively perfect curve of nostril, there lay a faint, swarthy shadow,
the sign-manual of courage; but the enchanting roundness of contour, the
frankly innocent expression of her other features, the transparence
of the delicate carnations, the voluptuous softness of the lips, the
flawless oval of the outline of the face, and with these, and more than
all these, the saintlike expression in the girlish eyes, gave to her
vigorous loveliness the distinctive touch of feminine grace, that
enchanting modesty which we look for in these angels of peace and love.
Yet there was no suggestion of fragility about her; and, surely, with
so grand a woman’s frame, so attractive a face, she must possess a
corresponding warmth of heart and strength of soul.

She was as silent as her schoolboy brother. Seemingly a prey to the
fateful maiden meditations which baffle a father’s penetration and even
a mother’s sagacity, it was impossible to be certain whether it was the
lamplight that cast those shadows that flitted over her face like thin
clouds over a bright sky, or whether they were passing shades of secret
and painful thoughts.

Husband and wife had quite forgotten the two older children at that
moment, though now and again the General’s questioning glance traveled
to that second mute picture; a larger growth, a gracious realization,
as it were, of the hopes embodied in the baby forms rioting in the
foreground. Their faces made up a kind of living poem, illustrating
life’s various phases. The luxurious background of the salon, the
different attitudes, the strong contrasts of coloring in the faces,
differing with the character of differing ages, the modeling of the
forms brought into high relief by the light--altogether it was a page of
human life, richly illuminated beyond the art of painter, sculptor, or
poet. Silence, solitude, night and winter lent a final touch of majesty
to complete the simplicity and sublimity of this exquisite effect of
nature’s contriving. Married life is full of these sacred hours, which
perhaps owe their indefinable charm to some vague memory of a better
world. A divine radiance surely shines upon them, the destined
compensation for some portion of earth’s sorrows, the solace which
enables man to accept life. We seem to behold a vision of an enchanted
universe, the great conception of its system widens out before our eyes,
and social life pleads for its laws by bidding us look to the future.

Yet in spite of the tender glances that Helene gave Abel and Moina after
a fresh outburst of merriment; in spite of the look of gladness in
her transparent face whenever she stole a glance at her father, a deep
melancholy pervaded her gestures, her attitude, and more than all, her
eyes veiled by their long lashes. Those white, strong hands, through
which the light passed, tinting them with a diaphanous, almost fluid
red--those hands were trembling. Once only did the eyes of the mother
and daughter clash without shrinking, and the two women read each
other’s thoughts in a look, cold, wan, and respectful on Helene’s part,
sombre and threatening on her mother’s. At once Helene’s eyes were
lowered to her work, she plied her needle swiftly, and it was long
before she raised her head, bowed as it seemed by a weight of thought
too heavy to bear. Was the Marquise over harsh with this one of her
children? Did she think this harshness needful? Was she jealous of
Helene’s beauty?--She might still hope to rival Helene, but only by the
magic arts of the toilette. Or again, had her daughter, like many a girl
who reaches the clairvoyant age, read the secrets which this wife (to
all appearance so religiously faithful in the fulfilment of her duties)
believed to be buried in her own heart as deeply as in a grave?

Helene had reached an age when purity of soul inclines to pass
over-rigid judgments. A certain order of mind is apt to exaggerate
transgression into crime; imagination reacts upon conscience, and a
young girl is a hard judge because she magnifies the seriousness of the
offence. Helene seemed to think herself worthy of no one. Perhaps
there was a secret in her past life, perhaps something had happened,
unintelligible to her at the time, but with gradually developing
significance for a mind grown susceptible to religious influences;
something which lately seemed to have degraded her, as it were, in her
own eyes, and according to her own romantic standard. This change in
her demeanor dated from the day of reading Schiller’s noble tragedy of
_Wilhelm Tell_ in a new series of translations. Her mother scolded her
for letting the book fall, and then remarked to herself that the passage
which had so worked on Helene’s feelings was the scene in which Wilhelm
Tell, who spilt the blood of a tyrant to save a nation, fraternizes in
some sort with John the Parricide. Helene had grown humble, dutiful, and
self-contained; she no longer cared for gaiety. Never had she made so
much of her father, especially when the Marquise was not by to watch
her girlish caresses. And yet, if Helene’s affection for her mother had
cooled at all, the change in her manner was so slight as to be almost
imperceptible; so slight that the General could not have noticed it,
jealous though he might be of the harmony of home. No masculine insight
could have sounded the depths of those two feminine natures; the one
was young and generous, the other sensitive and proud; the first had
a wealth of indulgence in her nature, the second was full of craft and
love. If the Marquise made her daughter’s life a burden to her by
a woman’s subtle tyranny, it was a tyranny invisible to all but the
victim; and for the rest, these conjectures only called forth after the
event must remain conjectures. Until this night no accusing flash of
light had escaped either of them, but an ominous mystery was too surely
growing up between them, a mystery known only to themselves and God.

“Come, Abel,” called the Marquise, seizing on her opportunity when the
children were tired of play and still for a moment. “Come, come, child;
you must be put to bed--”

And with a glance that must be obeyed, she caught him up and took him on
her knee.

“What!” exclaimed the General. “Half-past ten o’clock, and not one of
the servants has come back! The rascals!--Gustave,” he added, turning to
his son, “I allowed you to read that book only on the condition that you
should put it away at ten o’clock. You ought to have shut up the book
at the proper time and gone to bed, as you promised. If you mean to
make your mark in the world, you must keep your word; let it be a second
religion to you, and a point of honor. Fox, one of the greatest English
orators, was remarkable, above all things, for the beauty of his
character, and the very first of his qualities was the scrupulous
faithfulness with which he kept his engagements. When he was a child,
his father (an Englishman of the old school) gave him a pretty strong
lesson which he never forgot. Like most rich Englishmen, Fox’s father
had a country house and a considerable park about it. Now, in the park
there was an old summer-house, and orders had been given that this
summer-house was to be pulled down and put up somewhere else where there
was a finer view. Fox was just about your age, and had come home for the
holidays. Boys are fond of seeing things pulled to pieces, so young
Fox asked to stay on at home for a few days longer to see the old
summer-house taken down; but his father said that he must go back to
school on the proper day, so there was anger between father and son.
Fox’s mother (like all mammas) took the boy’s part. Then the father
solemnly promised that the summer-house should stay where it was till
the next holidays.

“So Fox went back to school; and his father, thinking that lessons would
soon drive the whole thing out of the boy’s mind, had the summer-house
pulled down and put up in the new position. But as it happened, the
persistent youngster thought of nothing but that summer-house; and as
soon as he came home again, his first care was to go out to look at the
old building, and he came in to breakfast looking quite doleful, and
said to his father, ‘You have broken your promise.’ The old English
gentleman said with confusion full of dignity, ‘That is true, my boy;
but I will make amends. A man ought to think of keeping his word before
he thinks of his fortune; for by keeping his word he will gain fortune,
while all the fortunes in the world will not efface the stain left on
your conscience by a breach of faith.’ Then he gave orders that the
summer-house should be put up again in the old place, and when it had
been rebuilt he had it taken down again for his son to see. Let this be
a lesson to _you_, Gustave.”

Gustave had been listening with interest, and now he closed the book at
once. There was a moment’s silence, while the General took possession of
Moina, who could scarcely keep her eyes open. The little one’s languid
head fell back on her father’s breast, and in a moment she was fast
asleep, wrapped round about in her golden curls.

Just then a sound of hurrying footsteps rang on the pavement out in the
street, immediately followed by three knocks on the street door, waking
the echoes of the house. The reverberating blows told, as plainly as
a cry for help that here was a man flying for his life. The house dog
barked furiously. A thrill of excitement ran through Helene and Gustave
and the General and his wife; but neither Abel, with the night-cap
strings just tied under his chin, nor Moina awoke.

“The fellow is in a hurry!” exclaimed the General. He put the little
girl down on the chair, and hastened out of the room, heedless of his
wife’s entreating cry, “Dear, do not go down--”

He stepped into his own room for a pair of pistols, lighted a dark
lantern, sprang at lightning speed down the staircase, and in another
minute reached the house door, his oldest boy fearlessly following.

“Who is there?” demanded he.

“Let me in,” panted a breathless voice.

“Are you a friend?”

“Yes, friend.”

“Are you alone?”

“Yes! But let me in; _they_ are after me!”

The General had scarcely set the door ajar before a man slipped into the
porch with the uncanny swiftness of a shadow. Before the master of
the house could prevent him, the intruder had closed the door with a
well-directed kick, and set his back against it resolutely, as if he
were determined that it should not be opened again. In a moment the
General had his lantern and pistol at a level with the stranger’s
breast, and beheld a man of medium height in a fur-lined pelisse. It
was an old man’s garment, both too large and too long for its present
wearer. Chance or caution had slouched the man’s hat over his eyes.

“You can lower your pistol, sir,” said this person. “I do not claim
to stay in your house against your will; but if I leave it, death is
waiting for me at the barrier. And what a death! You would be answerable
to God for it! I ask for your hospitality for two hours. And bear this
in mind, sir, that, suppliant as I am, I have a right to command with
the despotism of necessity. I want the Arab’s hospitality. Either I
and my secret must be inviolable, or open the door and I will go to my
death. I want secrecy, a safe hiding-place, and water. Oh! water!” he
cried again, with a rattle in his throat.

“Who are you?” demanded the General, taken aback by the stranger’s
feverish volubility.

“Ah! who am I? Good, open the door, and I will put a distance between
us,” retorted the other, and there was a diabolical irony in his tone.

Dexterously as the Marquis passed the light of the lantern over the
man’s face, he could only see the lower half of it, and that in nowise
prepossessed him in favor of this singular claimant of hospitality.
The cheeks were livid and quivering, the features dreadfully contorted.
Under the shadow of the hat-brim a pair of eyes gleamed out like flames;
the feeble candle-light looked almost dim in comparison. Some sort of
answer must be made however.

“Your language, sir, is so extraordinary that in my place you

“My life is in your hands!” the intruder broke in. The sound of his
voice was dreadful to hear.

“Two hours?” said the Marquis, wavering.

“Two hours,” echoed the other.

Then quite suddenly, with a desperate gesture, he pushed back his
hat and left his forehead bare, and, as if he meant to try a final
expedient, he gave the General a glance that seemed to plunge like
a vivid flash into his very soul. That electrical discharge of
intelligence and will was swift as lightning and crushing as a
thunderbolt; for there are moments when a human being is invested for a
brief space with inexplicable power.

“Come, whoever you may be, you shall be in safety under my roof,” the
master of the house said gravely at last, acting, as he imagined, upon
one of those intuitions which a man cannot always explain to himself.

“God will repay you!” said the stranger, with a deep, involuntary sigh.

“Have you weapons?” asked the General.

For all answer the stranger flung open his fur pelisse, and scarcely
gave the other time for a glance before he wrapped it about him again.
To all appearance he was unarmed and in evening dress. Swift as the
soldier’s scrutiny had been, he saw something, however, which made him

“Where the devil have you been to get yourself in such a mess in such
dry weather?”

“More questions!” said the stranger haughtily.

At the words the Marquis caught sight of his son, and his own late
homily on the strict fulfilment of a given word came up to his mind. In
lively vexation, he exclaimed, not without a touch of anger:

“What! little rogue, you here when you ought to be in bed?”

“Because I thought I might be of some good in danger,” answered Gustave.

“There, go up to your room,” said his father, mollified by the
reply.--“And you” (addressing the stranger), “come with me.”

The two men grew as silent as a pair of gamblers who watch each other’s
play with mutual suspicions. The General himself began to be troubled
with ugly presentiments. The strange visit weighed upon his mind already
like a nightmare; but he had passed his word, there was no help for
it now, and he led the way along the passages and stairways till they
reached a large room on the second floor immediately above the salon.
This was an empty room where linen was dried in the winter. It had
but the one door, and for all decoration boasted one solitary shabby
looking-glass above the chimney-piece, left by the previous owner, and a
great pier glass, placed provisionally opposite the fireplace until
such time as a use should be found for it in the rooms below. The four
yellowish walls were bare. The floor had never been swept. The huge
attic was icy-cold, and the furniture consisted of a couple of rickety
straw-bottomed chairs, or rather frames of chairs. The General set the
lantern down upon the chimney-piece. Then he spoke:

“It is necessary for your own safety to hide you in this comfortless
attic. And, as you have my promise to keep your secret, you will permit
me to lock you in.”

The other bent his head in acquiescence.

“I asked for nothing but a hiding-place, secrecy, and water,” returned

“I will bring you some directly,” said the Marquis, shutting the door
cautiously. He groped his way down into the salon for a lamp before
going to the kitchen to look for a carafe.

“Well, what is it?” the Marquise asked quickly.

“Nothing, dear,” he returned coolly.

“But we listened, and we certainly heard you go upstairs with somebody.”

“Helene,” said the General, and he looked at his daughter, who raised
her face, “bear in mind that your father’s honor depends upon your
discretion. You must have heard nothing.”

The girl bent her head in answer. The Marquise was confused and smarting
inwardly at the way in which her husband had thought fit to silence her.

Meanwhile the General went for the bottle and a tumbler, and returned to
the room above. His prisoner was leaning against the chimney-piece,
his head was bare, he had flung down his hat on one of the two chairs.
Evidently he had not expected to have so bright a light turned upon him,
and he frowned and looked anxious as he met the General’s keen eyes;
but his face softened and wore a gracious expression as he thanked
his protector. When the latter placed the bottle and glass on the
mantel-shelf, the stranger’s eyes flashed out on him again; and when
he spoke, it was in musical tones with no sign of the previous guttural
convulsion, though his voice was still unsteady with repressed emotion.

“I shall seem to you to be a strange being, sir, but you must pardon the
caprices of necessity. If you propose to remain in the room, I beg that
you will not look at me while I am drinking.”

Vexed at this continual obedience to a man whom he disliked, the General
sharply turned his back upon him. The stranger thereupon drew a white
handkerchief from his pocket and wound it about his right hand. Then
he seized the carafe and emptied it at a draught. The Marquis, staring
vacantly into the tall mirror across the room, without a thought of
breaking his implicit promise, saw the stranger’s figure distinctly
reflected by the opposite looking-glass, and saw, too, a red stain
suddenly appear through the folds of the white bandage. The man’s hands
were steeped in blood.

“Ah! you saw me!” cried the other. He had drunk off the water and
wrapped himself again in his cloak, and now scrutinized the General
suspiciously. “It is all over with me! Here they come!”

“I don’t hear anything,” said the Marquis.

“You have not the same interest that I have in listening for sounds in
the air.”

“You have been fighting a duel, I suppose, to be in such a state?”
 queried the General, not a little disturbed by the color of those broad,
dark patches staining his visitor’s cloak.

“Yes, a duel; you have it,” said the other, and a bitter smile flitted
over his lips.

As he spoke a sound rang along the distant road, a sound of galloping
horses; but so faint as yet, that it was the merest dawn of a sound. The
General’s trained ear recognized the advance of a troop of regulars.

“That is the gendarmerie,” said he.

He glanced at his prisoner to reassure him after his own involuntary
indiscretion, took the lamp, and went down to the salon. He had scarcely
laid the key of the room above upon the chimney-piece when the hoof
beats sounded louder and came swiftly nearer and nearer the house. The
General felt a shiver of excitement, and indeed the horses stopped at
the house door; a few words were exchanged among the men, and one
of them dismounted and knocked loudly. There was no help for it; the
General went to open the door. He could scarcely conceal his inward
perturbation at the sight of half a dozen gendarmes outside, the metal
rims of their caps gleaming like silver in the moonlight.

“My lord,” said the corporal, “have you heard a man run past towards the
barrier within the last few minutes?”

“Towards the barrier? No.”

“Have you opened the door to any one?”

“Now, am I in the habit of answering the door myself--”

“I ask your pardon, General, but just now it seems to me that--”

“Really!” cried the Marquis wrathfully. “Have you a mind to try joking
with me? What right have you--?”

“None at all, none at all, my lord,” cried the corporal, hastily putting
in a soft answer. “You will excuse our zeal. We know, of course, that a
peer of France is not likely to harbor a murderer at this time of night;
but as we want any information we can get--”

“A murderer!” cried the General. “Who can have been--”

“M. le Baron de Mauny has just been murdered. It was a blow from an axe,
and we are in hot pursuit of the criminal. We know for certain that he
is somewhere in this neighborhood, and we shall hunt him down. By your
leave, General,” and the man swung himself into the saddle as he spoke.
It was well that he did so, for a corporal of gendarmerie trained to
alert observation and quick surmise would have had his suspicions at
once if he had caught sight of the General’s face. Everything that
passed through the soldier’s mind was faithfully revealed in his frank

“Is it known who the murderer is?” asked he.

“No,” said the other, now in the saddle. “He left the bureau full of
banknotes and gold untouched.”

“It was revenge, then,” said the Marquis.

“On an old man? pshaw! No, no, the fellow hadn’t time to take it, that
was all,” and the corporal galloped after his comrades, who were almost
out of sight by this time.

For a few minutes the General stood, a victim to perplexities which need
no explanation; but in a moment he heard the servants returning home,
their voices were raised in some sort of dispute at the cross-roads
of Montreuil. When they came in, he gave vent to his feelings in an
explosion of rage, his wrath fell upon them like a thunderbolt, and all
the echoes of the house trembled at the sound of his voice. In the
midst of the storm his own man, the boldest and cleverest of the
party, brought out an excuse; they had been stopped, he said, by the
gendarmerie at the gate of Montreuil, a murder had been committed, and
the police were in pursuit. In a moment the General’s anger vanished,
he said not another word; then, bethinking himself of his own singular
position, drily ordered them all off to bed at once, and left them
amazed at his readiness to accept their fellow servant’s lying excuse.

While these incidents took place in the yard, an apparently trifling
occurrence had changed the relative positions of three characters in
this story. The Marquis had scarcely left the room before his wife
looked first towards the key on the mantel-shelf, and then at Helene;
and, after some wavering, bent towards her daughter and said in a low
voice, “Helene your father has left the key on the chimney-piece.”

The girl looked up in surprise and glanced timidly at her mother. The
Marquise’s eyes sparkled with curiosity.

“Well, mamma?” she said, and her voice had a troubled ring.

“I should like to know what is going on upstairs. If there is anybody up
there, he has not stirred yet. Just go up--”

“_I_?” cried the girl, with something like horror in her tones.

“Are you afraid?”

“No, mamma, but I thought I heard a man’s footsteps.”

“If I could go myself, I should not have asked you to go, Helene,” said
her mother with cold dignity. “If your father were to come back and did
not see me, he would go to look for me perhaps, but he would not notice
your absence.”

“Madame, if you bid me go, I will go,” said Helene, “but I shall lose my
father’s good opinion--”

“What is this!” cried the Marquise in a sarcastic tone. “But since you
take a thing that was said in joke in earnest, I now _order_ you to go
upstairs and see who is in the room above. Here is the key, child. When
your father told you to say nothing about this thing that happened, he
did not forbid you to go up to the room. Go at once--and learn that a
daughter ought never to judge her mother.”

The last words were spoken with all the severity of a justly offended
mother. The Marquise took the key and handed it to Helene, who rose
without a word and left the room.

“My mother can always easily obtain her pardon,” thought the girl; “but
as for me, my father will never think the same of me again. Does she
mean to rob me of his tenderness? Does she want to turn me out of his

These were the thoughts that set her imagination in a sudden ferment, as
she went down the dark passage to the mysterious door at the end. When
she stood before it, her mental confusion grew to a fateful pitch.
Feelings hitherto forced down into inner depths crowded up at the
summons of these confused thoughts. Perhaps hitherto she had never
believed that a happy life lay before her, but now, in this awful
moment, her despair was complete. She shook convulsively as she set the
key in the lock; so great indeed was her agitation, that she stopped for
a moment and laid her hand on her heart, as if to still the heavy throbs
that sounded in her ears. Then she opened the door.

The creaking of the hinges sounded doubtless in vain on the murderer’s
ears. Acute as were his powers of hearing, he stood as if lost in
thought, and so motionless that he might have been glued to the wall
against which he leaned. In the circle of semi-opaque darkness, dimly
lit by the bull’s-eye lantern, he looked like the shadowy figure of
some dead knight, standing for ever in his shadowy mortuary niche in
the gloom of some Gothic chapel. Drops of cold sweat trickled over the
broad, sallow forehead. An incredible fearlessness looked out from every
tense feature. His eyes of fire were fixed and tearless; he seemed to
be watching some struggle in the darkness beyond him. Stormy thoughts
passed swiftly across a face whose firm decision spoke of a character
of no common order. His whole person, bearing, and frame bore out the
impression of a tameless spirit. The man looked power and strength
personified; he stood facing the darkness as if it were the visible
image of his own future.

These physical characteristics had made no impression upon the General,
familiar as he was with the powerful faces of the group of giants
gathered about Napoleon; speculative curiosity, moreover, as to the
why and wherefore of the apparition had completely filled his mind; but
Helene, with feminine sensitiveness to surface impressions, was struck
by the blended chaos of light and darkness, grandeur and passion,
suggesting a likeness between this stranger and Lucifer recovering from
his fall. Suddenly the storm apparent in his face was stilled as if by
magic; and the indefinable power to sway which the stranger exercised
upon others, and perhaps unconsciously and as by reflex action upon
himself, spread its influence about him with the progressive swiftness
of a flood. A torrent of thought rolled away from his brow as his face
resumed its ordinary expression. Perhaps it was the strangeness of this
meeting, or perhaps it was the mystery into which she had penetrated,
that held the young girl spellbound in the doorway, so that she could
look at a face pleasant to behold and full of interest. For some moments
she stood in the magical silence; a trouble had come upon her never
known before in her young life. Perhaps some exclamation broke from
Helene, perhaps she moved unconsciously; or it may be that the hunted
criminal returned of his own accord from the world of ideas to the
material world, and heard some one breathing in the room; however it
was, he turned his head towards his host’s daughter, and saw dimly in
the shadow a noble face and queenly form, which he must have taken for
an angel’s, so motionless she stood, so vague and like a spirit.

“Monsieur...” a trembling voice cried.

The murderer trembled.

“A woman!” he cried under his breath. “Is it possible? Go,” he cried, “I
deny that any one has a right to pity, to absolve, or condemn me. I
must live alone. Go, my child,” he added, with an imperious gesture, “I
should ill requite the service done me by the master of the house if I
were to allow a single creature under his roof to breathe the same air
with me. I must submit to be judged by the laws of the world.”

The last words were uttered in a lower voice. Even as he realized with
a profound intuition all the manifold misery awakened by that melancholy
thought, the glance that he gave Helene had something of the power of
the serpent, stirring a whole dormant world in the mind of the strange
girl before him. To her that glance was like a light revealing unknown
lands. She was stricken with strange trouble, helpless, quelled by a
magnetic power exerted unconsciously. Trembling and ashamed, she went
out and returned to the salon. She had scarcely entered the room before
her father came back, so that she had not time to say a word to her

The General was wholly absorbed in thought. He folded his arms, and
paced silently to and fro between the windows which looked out upon the
street and the second row which gave upon the garden. His wife lay the
sleeping Abel on her knee, and little Moina lay in untroubled slumber in
the low chair, like a bird in its nest. Her older sister stared into the
fire, a skein of silk in one hand, a needle in the other.

Deep silence prevailed, broken only by lagging footsteps on the stairs,
as one by one the servants crept away to bed; there was an occasional
burst of stifled laughter, a last echo of the wedding festivity, or
doors were opened as they still talked among themselves, then shut. A
smothered sound came now and again from the bedrooms, a chair fell, the
old coachman coughed feebly, then all was silent.

In a little while the dark majesty with which sleeping earth is invested
at midnight brought all things under its sway. No lights shone but the
light of the stars. The frost gripped the ground. There was not a sound
of a voice, nor a living creature stirring. The crackling of the fire
only seemed to make the depth of the silence more fully felt.

The church clock of Montreuil had just struck one, when an almost
inaudible sound of a light footstep came from the second flight of
stairs. The Marquis and his daughter, both believing that M. de Mauny’s
murderer was a prisoner above, thought that one of the maids had come
down, and no one was at all surprised to hear the door open in the
ante-chamber. Quite suddenly the murderer appeared in their midst. The
Marquis himself was sunk in deep musings, the mother and daughter were
silent, the one from keen curiosity, the other from sheer astonishment,
so that the visitor was almost half-way across the room when he spoke to
the General.

“Sir, the two hours are almost over,” he said, in a voice that was
strangely calm and musical.

“_You here_!” cried the General. “By what means----?” and he gave wife
and daughter a formidable questioning glance. Helene grew red as fire.

“You!” he went on, in a tone filled with horror. “_You_ among us! A
murderer covered with blood! You are a blot on this picture! Go, go
out!” he added in a burst of rage.

At that word “murderer,” the Marquise cried out; as for Helene, it
seemed to mark an epoch in her life, there was not a trace of surprise
in her face. She looked as if she had been waiting for this--for him.
Those so vast thoughts of hers had found a meaning. The punishment
reserved by Heaven for her sins flamed out before her. In her own eyes
she was as great a criminal as this murderer; she confronted him with
her quiet gaze; she was his fellow, his sister. It seemed to her that in
this accident the command of God had been made manifest. If she had been
a few years older, reason would have disposed of her remorse, but at
this moment she was like one distraught.

The stranger stood impassive and self-possessed; a scornful smile
overspread his features and his thick, red lips.

“You appreciate the magnanimity of my behavior very badly,” he said
slowly. “I would not touch with my fingers the glass of water you
brought me to allay my thirst; I did not so much as think of washing my
blood-stained hands under your roof; I am going away, leaving nothing
of _my crime_” (here his lips were compressed) “but the memory; I have
tried to leave no trace of my presence in this house. Indeed, I would
not even allow your daughter to--”

“_My daughter_!” cried the General, with a horror-stricken glance at
Helene. “Vile wretch, go, or I will kill you--”

“The two hours are not yet over,” said the other; “if you kill me or
give me up, you must lower yourself in your own eyes--and in mine.”

At these last words, the General turned to stare at the criminal in dumb
amazement; but he could not endure the intolerable light in those eyes
which for the second time disorganized his being. He was afraid of
showing weakness once more, conscious as he was that his will was weaker

“An old man! You can never have seen a family,” he said, with a father’s
glance at his wife and children.

“Yes, an old man,” echoed the stranger, frowning slightly.

“Fly!” cried the General, but he did not dare to look at his guest. “Our
compact is broken. I shall not kill you. No! I will never be purveyor to
the scaffold. But go out. You make us shudder.”

“I know that,” said the other patiently. “There is not a spot on French
soil where I can set foot and be safe; but if man’s justice, like God’s,
took all into account, if man’s justice deigned to inquire which was the
monster--the murderer or his victim--then I might hold up my head among
my fellows. Can you not guess that other crimes preceded that blow from
an axe? I constituted myself his judge and executioner; I stepped in
where man’s justice failed. That was my crime. Farewell, sir. Bitter
though you have made your hospitality, I shall not forget it. I shall
always bear in my heart a feeling of gratitude towards one man in the
world, and you are that man.... But I could wish that you had showed
yourself more generous!”

He turned towards the door, but in the same instant Helene leaned to
whisper something in her mother’s ear.


At the cry that broke from his wife, the General trembled as if he had
seen Moina lying dead. There stood Helene and the murderer had turned
instinctively, with something like anxiety about these folk in his face.

“What is it, dear?” asked the General.

“Helene wants to go with him.”

The murderer’s face flushed.

“If that is how my mother understands an almost involuntary
exclamation,” Helene said in a low voice, “I will fulfil her wishes. She
glanced about her with something like fierce pride; then the girl’s eyes
fell, and she stood, admirable in her modesty.

“Helene, did you go up to the room where----?”

“Yes, father.”

“Helene” (and his voice shook with a convulsive tremor), “is this the
first time that you have seen this man?”

“Yes, father.”

“Then it is not natural that you should intend to--”

“If it is not natural, father, at any rate it is true.”

“Oh! child,” said the Marquise, lowering her voice, but not so much but
that her husband could hear her, “you are false to all the principles of
honor, modesty, and right which I have tried to cultivate in your
heart. If until this fatal hour you life has only been one lie, there is
nothing to regret in your loss. It can hardly be the moral perfection of
this stranger that attracts you to him? Can it be the kind of power that
commits crime? I have too good an opinion of you to suppose that--”

“Oh, suppose everything, madame,” Helene said coldly.

But though her force of character sustained this ordeal, her flashing
eyes could scarcely hold the tears that filled them. The stranger,
watching her, guessed the mother’s language from the girl’s tears,
and turned his eagle glance upon the Marquise. An irresistible power
constrained her to look at this terrible seducer; but as her eyes met
his bright, glittering gaze, she felt a shiver run through her frame,
such a shock as we feel at the sight of a reptile or the contact of a
Leyden jar.

“Dear!” she cried, turning to her husband, “this is the Fiend himself.
He can divine everything!”

The General rose to his feet and went to the bell.

“He means ruin for you,” Helene said to the murderer.

The stranger smiled, took one forward stride, grasped the General’s arm,
and compelled him to endure a steady gaze which benumbed the soldier’s
brain and left him powerless.

“I will repay you now for your hospitality,” he said, “and then we shall
be quits. I will spare you the shame by giving myself up. After all,
what should I do now with my life?”

“You could repent,” answered Helene, and her glance conveyed such hope
as only glows in a young girl’s eyes.

“_I shall never repent_,” said the murderer in a sonorous voice, as he
raised his head proudly.

“His hands are stained with blood,” the father said.

“I will wipe it away,” she answered.

“But do you so much as know whether he cares for you?” said her father,
not daring now to look at the stranger.

The murderer came up a little nearer. Some light within seemed to glow
through Helene’s beauty, grave and maidenly though it was, coloring and
bringing into relief, as it were, the least details, the most delicate
lines in her face. The stranger, with that terrible face still blazing
in his eyes, gave one tender glance to her enchanting loveliness, then
he spoke, his tones revealing how deeply he had been moved.

“And if I refuse to allow this sacrifice of yourself, and so discharge
my debt of two hours of existence to your father; is not this love, love
for yourself alone?”

“Then do you too reject me?” Helene’s cry rang painfully through the
hearts of all who heard her. “Farewell, then, to you all; I will die.”

“What does this mean?” asked the father and mother.

Helene gave her mother an eloquent glance and lowered her eyes.

Since the first attempt made by the General and his wife to contest
by word or action the intruder’s strange presumption to the right of
staying in their midst, from their first experience of the power of
those glittering eyes, a mysterious torpor had crept over them, and
their benumbed faculties struggled in vain with the preternatural
influence. The air seemed to have suddenly grown so heavy, that they
could scarcely breathe; yet, while they could not find the reason of
this feeling of oppression, a voice within told them that this magnetic
presence was the real cause of their helplessness. In this moral agony,
it flashed across the General that he must make every effort to overcome
this influence on his daughter’s reeling brain; he caught her by the
waist and drew her into the embrasure of a window, as far as possible
from the murderer.

“Darling,” he murmured, “if some wild love has been suddenly born in
your heart, I cannot believe that you have not the strength of soul to
quell the mad impulse; your innocent life, your pure and dutiful soul,
has given me too many proofs of your character. There must be something
behind all this. Well, this heart of mine is full of indulgence, you can
tell everything to me; even if it breaks, dear child, I can be silent
about my grief, and keep your confession a secret. What is it? Are you
jealous of our love for your brothers or your little sister? Is it some
love trouble? Are you unhappy here at home? Tell me about it, tell me
the reasons that urge you to leave your home, to rob it of its greatest
charm, to leave your mother and brothers and your little sister?”

“I am in love with no one, father, and jealous of no one, not even of
your friend the diplomatist, M. de Vandenesse.”

The Marquise turned pale; her daughter saw this, and stopped short.

“Sooner or later I must live under some man’s protection, must I not?”

“That is true.”

“Do we ever know,” she went on, “the human being to whom we link our
destinies? Now, I believe in this man.”

“Oh, child,” said the General, raising his voice, “you have no idea of
all the misery that lies in store for you.”

“I am thinking of _his_.”

“What a life!” groaned the father.

“A woman’s life,” the girl murmured.

“You have a great knowledge of life!” exclaimed the Marquise, finding
speech at last.

“Madame, my answers are shaped by the questions; but if you desire it, I
will speak more clearly.”

“Speak out, my child... I am a mother.”

Mother and daughter looked each other in the face, and the Marquise said
no more. At last she said:

“Helene, if you have any reproaches to make, I would rather bear them
than see you go away with a man from whom the whole world shrinks in

“Then you see yourself, madame, that but for me he would be quite

“That will do, madame,” the General cried; “we have but one daughter
left to us now,” and he looked at Moina, who slept on. “As for you,” he
added, turning to Helene, “I will put you in a convent.”

“So be it, father,” she said, in calm despair, “I shall die there. You
are answerable to God alone for my life and for _his_ soul.”

A deep sullen silence fell after these words. The on-lookers during
this strange scene, so utterly at variance with all the sentiments of
ordinary life, shunned each other’s eyes.

Suddenly the Marquis happened to glance at his pistols. He caught up one
of them, cocked the weapon, and pointed it at the intruder. At the click
of firearms the other turned his piercing gaze full upon the General;
the soldier’s arm slackened indescribably and fell heavily to his side.
The pistol dropped to the floor.

“Girl, you are free,” said he, exhausted by this ghastly struggle. “Kiss
your mother, if she will let you kiss her. For my own part, I wish never
to see nor to hear of you again.”

“Helene,” the mother began, “only think of the wretched life before

A sort of rattling sound came from the intruder’s deep chest, all eyes
were turned to him. Disdain was plainly visible in his face.

The General rose to his feet. “My hospitality has cost me dear,” he
cried. “Before you came you had taken an old man’s life; now your are
dealing a deadly blow at a whole family. Whatever happens, there must be
unhappiness in this house.”

“And if your daughter is happy?” asked the other, gazing steadily at the

The father made a superhuman effort for self-control. “If she is happy
with you,” he said, “she is not worth regretting.”

Helene knelt timidly before her father.

“Father, I love and revere you,” she said, “whether you lavish all the
treasures of your kindness upon me, or make me feel to the full the
rigor of disgrace.... But I entreat that your last words of farewell
shall not be words of anger.”

The General could not trust himself to look at her. The stranger came
nearer; there was something half-diabolical, half-divine in the smile
that he gave Helene.

“Angel of pity, you that do not shrink in horror from a murderer, come,
since you persist in your resolution of intrusting your life to me.”

“Inconceivable!” cried her father.

The Marquise then looked strangely at her daughter, opened her arms, and
Helene fled to her in tears.

“Farewell,” she said, “farewell, mother!” The stranger trembled as
Helene, undaunted, made sign to him that she was ready. She kissed her
father’s hand; and, as if performing a duty, gave a hasty kiss to Moina
and little Abel, then she vanished with the murderer.

“Which way are they going?” exclaimed the General, listening to the
footsteps of the two fugitives.--“Madame,” he turned to his wife, “I
think I must be dreaming; there is some mystery behind all this, I do
not understand it; you must know what it means.”

The Marquise shivered.

“For some time past your daughter has grown extraordinarily romantic and
strangely high-flown in her ideas. In spite of the pains I have taken to
combat these tendencies in her character--”

“This will not do----” began the General, but fancying that he heard
footsteps in the garden, he broke off to fling open the window.

“Helene!” he shouted.

His voice was lost in the darkness like a vain prophecy. The utterance
of that name, to which there should never be answer any more, acted
like a counterspell; it broke the charm and set him free from the evil
enchantment which lay upon him. It was as if some spirit passed over
his face. He now saw clearly what had taken place, and cursed his
incomprehensible weakness. A shiver of heat rushed from his heart to
his head and feet; he became himself once more, terrible, thirsting for
revenge. He raised a dreadful cry.

“Help!” he thundered, “help!”

He rushed to the bell-pull, pulled till the bells rang with a strange
clamor of din, pulled till the cord gave way. The whole house was roused
with a start. Still shouting, he flung open the windows that looked upon
the street, called for the police, caught up his pistols, and fired them
off to hurry the mounted patrols, the newly-aroused servants, and the
neighbors. The dogs barked at the sound of their master’s voice; the
horses neighed and stamped in their stalls. The quiet night was suddenly
filled with hideous uproar. The General on the staircase, in pursuit
of his daughter, saw the scared faces of the servants flocking from all
parts of the house.

“My daughter!” he shouted. “Helene has been carried off. Search
the garden. Keep a lookout on the road! Open the gates for the
gendarmerie!--Murder! Help!”

With the strength of fury he snapped the chain and let loose the great

“Helene!” he cried, “Helene!”

The dog sprang out like a lion, barking furiously, and dashed into the
garden, leaving the General far behind. A troop of horses came along the
road at a gallop, and he flew to open the gates himself.

“Corporal!” he shouted, “cut off the retreat of M. de Mauny’s murderer.
They have gone through my garden. Quick! Put a cordon of men to watch
the ways by the Butte de Picardie.--I will beat up the grounds, parks,
and houses.--The rest of you keep a lookout along the road,” he ordered
the servants, “form a chain between the barrier and Versailles. Forward,
every man of you!”

He caught up the rifle which his man had brought out, and dashed into
the garden.

“Find them!” he called to the dog.

An ominous baying came in answer from the distance, and he plunged in
the direction from which the growl seemed to come.

It was seven o’clock in the morning; all the search made by gendarmes,
servants, and neighbors had been fruitless, and the dog had not come
back. The General entered the salon, empty now for him though the other
three children were there; he was worn out with fatigue, and looked old
already with that night’s work.

“You have been very cold to your daughter,” he said, turning his eyes
on his wife.--“And now this is all that is left to us of her,” he added,
indicating the embroidery frame, and the flower just begun. “Only just
now she was there, and now she is lost... lost!”

Tears followed; he hid his face in his hands, and for a few minutes he
said no more; he could not bear the sight of the room, which so short
a time ago had made a setting to a picture of the sweetest family
happiness. The winter dawn was struggling with the dying lamplight; the
tapers burned down to their paper-wreaths and flared out; everything was
all in keeping with the father’s despair.

“This must be destroyed,” he said after a pause, pointing to the
tambour-frame. “I shall never bear to see anything again that reminds us
of _her_!”

The terrible Christmas night when the Marquis and his wife lost their
oldest daughter, powerless to oppose the mysterious influence exercised
by the man who involuntarily, as it were, stole Helene from them, was
like a warning sent by Fate. The Marquis was ruined by the failure of
his stock-broker; he borrowed money on his wife’s property, and lost
it in the endeavor to retrieve his fortunes. Driven to desperate
expedients, he left France. Six years went by. His family seldom had
news of him; but a few days before Spain recognized the independence of
the American Republics, he wrote that he was coming home.

So, one fine morning, it happened that several French merchants were on
board a Spanish brig that lay a few leagues out from Bordeaux, impatient
to reach their native land again, with wealth acquired by long years of
toil and perilous adventures in Venezuela and Mexico.

One of the passengers, a man who looked aged by trouble rather than
by years, was leaning against the bulwark netting, apparently quite
unaffected by the sight to be seen from the upper deck. The bright
day, the sense that the voyage was safely over, had brought all the
passengers above to greet their land. The larger number of them insisted
that they could see, far off in the distance, the houses and lighthouses
on the coast of Gascony and the Tower of Cardouan, melting into the
fantastic erections of white cloud along the horizon. But for the silver
fringe that played about their bows, and the long furrow swiftly effaced
in their wake, they might have been perfectly still in mid-ocean, so
calm was the sea. The sky was magically clear, the dark blue of the
vault above paled by imperceptible gradations, until it blended with
the bluish water, a gleaming line that sparkled like stars marking the
dividing line of sea. The sunlight caught myriads of facets over the
wide surface of the ocean, in such a sort that the vast plains of salt
water looked perhaps more full of light than the fields of sky.

The brig had set all her canvas. The snowy sails, swelled by the
strangely soft wind, the labyrinth of cordage, and the yellow flags
flying at the masthead, all stood out sharp and uncompromisingly clear
against the vivid background of space, sky, and sea; there was nothing
to alter the color but the shadow cast by the great cloudlike sails.

A glorious day, a fair wind, and the fatherland in sight, a sea like a
mill-pond, the melancholy sound of the ripples, a fair, solitary vessel,
gliding across the surface of the water like a woman stealing out to
a tryst--it was a picture full of harmony. That mere speck full of
movement was a starting-point whence the soul of man could descry the
immutable vast of space. Solitude and bustling life, silence and sound,
were all brought together in strange abrupt contrast; you could not
tell where life, or sound, or silence, and nothingness lay, and no human
voice broke the divine spell.

The Spanish captain, the crew, and the French passengers sat or stood,
in a mood of devout ecstasy, in which many memories blended. There was
idleness in the air. The beaming faces told of complete forgetfulness
of past hardships, the men were rocked on the fair vessel as in a golden
dream. Yet, from time to time the elderly passenger, leaning over the
bulwark nettings, looked with something like uneasiness at the horizon.
Distrust of the ways of Fate could be read in his whole face; he seemed
to fear that he should not reach the coast of France in time. This
was the Marquis. Fortune had not been deaf to his despairing cry and
struggles. After five years of endeavor and painful toil, he was a
wealthy man once more. In his impatience to reach his home again and to
bring the good news to his family, he had followed the example set by
some French merchants in Havana, and embarked with them on a Spanish
vessel with a cargo for Bordeaux. And now, grown tired of evil
forebodings, his fancy was tracing out for him the most delicious
pictures of past happiness. In that far-off brown line of land he seemed
to see his wife and children. He sat in his place by the fireside; they
were crowding about him; he felt their caresses. Moina had grown to be
a young girl; she was beautiful, and tall, and striking. The fancied
picture had grown almost real, when the tears filled his eyes, and, to
hide his emotion, he turned his face towards the sea-line, opposite the
hazy streak that meant land.

“There she is again.... She is following us!” he said.

“What?” cried the Spanish captain.

“There is a vessel,” muttered the General.

“I saw her yesterday,” answered Captain Gomez. He looked at his
interlocutor as if to ask what he thought; then he added in the
General’s ear, “She has been chasing us all along.”

“Then why she has not come up with us, I do not know,” said the General,
“for she is a faster sailor than your damned _Saint-Ferdinand_.”

“She will have damaged herself, sprung a leak--”

“She is gaining on us!” the General broke in.

“She is a Columbian privateer,” the captain said in his ear, “and we are
still six leagues from land, and the wind is dropping.”

“She is not _going_ ahead, she is flying, as if she knew that in two
hours’ time her prey would escape her. What audacity!”

“Audacity!” cried the captain. “Oh! she is not called the _Othello_ for
nothing. Not so long back she sank a Spanish frigate that carried thirty
guns! This is the one thing I was afraid of, for I had a notion that she
was cruising about somewhere off the Antilles.--Aha!” he added after a
pause, as he watched the sails of his own vessel, “the wind is rising;
we are making way. Get through we must, for ‘the Parisian’ will show us
no mercy.”

“She is making way too!” returned the General.

The _Othello_ was scarce three leagues away by this time; and although
the conversation between the Marquis and Captain Gomez had taken place
apart, passengers and crew, attracted by the sudden appearance of a
sail, came to that side of the vessel. With scarcely an exception,
however, they took the privateer for a merchantman, and watched her
course with interest, till all at once a sailor shouted with some energy
of language:

“By Saint-James, it is all up with us! Yonder is the Parisian captain!”

At that terrible name dismay, and a panic impossible to describe, spread
through the brig. The Spanish captain’s orders put energy into the
crew for a while; and in his resolute determination to make land at all
costs, he set all the studding sails, and crowded on every stitch
of canvas on board. But all this was not the work of a moment; and
naturally the men did not work together with that wonderful unanimity
so fascinating to watch on board a man-of-war. The _Othello_ meanwhile,
thanks to the trimming of her sails, flew over the water like a swallow;
but she was making, to all appearance, so little headway, that the
unlucky Frenchmen began to entertain sweet delusive hopes. At last,
after unheard-of efforts, the _Saint-Ferdinand_ sprang forward, Gomez
himself directing the shifting of the sheets with voice and gesture,
when all at once the man at the tiller, steering at random (purposely,
no doubt), swung the vessel round. The wind striking athwart the beam,
the sails shivered so unexpectedly that the brig heeled to one side, the
booms were carried away, and the vessel was completely out of hand.
The captain’s face grew whiter than his sails with unutterable rage. He
sprang upon the man at the tiller, drove his dagger at him in such blind
fury, that he missed him, and hurled the weapon overboard. Gomez took
the helm himself, and strove to right the gallant vessel. Tears of
despair rose to his eyes, for it is harder to lose the result of our
carefully-laid plans through treachery than to face imminent death.
But the more the captain swore, the less the men worked, and it was
he himself who fired the alarm-gun, hoping to be heard on shore. The
privateer, now gaining hopelessly upon them, replied with a cannon-shot,
which struck the water ten fathoms away from the _Saint-Ferdinand_.

“Thunder of heaven!” cried the General, “that was a close shave! They
must have guns made on purpose.”

“Oh! when that one yonder speaks, look you, you have to hold your
tongue,” said a sailor. “The Parisian would not be afraid to meet an
English man-of-war.”

“It is all over with us,” the captain cried in desperation; he had
pointed his telescope landwards, and saw not a sign from the shore. “We
are further from the coast than I thought.”

“Why do you despair?” asked the General. “All your passengers are
Frenchmen; they have chartered your vessel. The privateer is a Parisian,
you say? Well and good, run up the white flag, and--”

“And he would run us down,” retorted the captain. “He can be anything he
likes when he has a mind to seize on a rich booty!”

“Oh! if he is a pirate--”

“Pirate!” said the ferocious looking sailor. “Oh! he always has the law
on his side, or he knows how to be on the same side as the law.”

“Very well,” said the General, raising his eyes, “let us make up our
minds to it,” and his remaining fortitude was still sufficient to keep
back the tears.

The words were hardly out of his mouth before a second cannon-shot,
better aimed, came crashing through the hull of the _Saint-Ferdinand_.

“Heave to!” cried the captain gloomily.

The sailor who had commended the Parisian’s law-abiding proclivities
showed himself a clever hand at working a ship after this desperate
order was given. The crew waited for half an hour in an agony of
suspense and the deepest dismay. The _Saint-Ferdinand_ had four millions
of piastres on board, the whole fortunes of the five passengers, and the
General’s eleven hundred thousand francs. At length the _Othello_ lay
not ten gunshots away, so that those on the _Saint-Ferdinand_ could look
into the muzzles of her loaded guns. The vessel seemed to be borne along
by a breeze sent by the Devil himself, but the eyes of an expert would
have discovered the secret of her speed at once. You had but to look
for a moment at the rake of her stern, her long, narrow keel, her tall
masts, to see the cut of her sails, the wonderful lightness of her
rigging, and the ease and perfect seamanship with which her crew trimmed
her sails to the wind. Everything about her gave the impression of the
security of power in this delicately curved inanimate creature, swift
and intelligent as a greyhound or some bird of prey. The privateer
crew stood silent, ready in case of resistance to shatter the wretched
merchantman, which, luckily for her, remained motionless, like a
schoolboy caught in flagrant delict by a master.

“We have guns on board!” cried the General, clutching the Spanish
captain’s hand. But the courage in Gomez’s eyes was the courage of

“Have we men?” he said.

The Marquis looked round at the crew of the _Saint-Ferdinand_, and a
cold chill ran through him. There stood the four merchants, pale and
quaking for fear, while the crew gathered about some of their own number
who appeared to be arranging to go over in a body to the enemy. They
watched the _Othello_ with greed and curiosity in their faces. The
captain, the Marquis, and the mate exchanged glances; they were the only
three who had a thought for any but themselves.

“Ah! Captain Gomez, when I left my home and country, my heart was half
dead with the bitterness of parting, and now must I bid it good-bye once
more when I am bringing back happiness and ease for my children?”

The General turned his head away towards the sea, with tears of rage in
his eyes--and saw the steersman swimming out to the privateer.

“This time it will be good-bye for good,” said the captain by way
of answer, and the dazed look in the Frenchman’s eyes startled the

By this time the two vessels were almost alongside, and at the first
sight of the enemy’s crew the General saw that Gomez’s gloomy prophecy
was only too true. The three men at each gun might have been bronze
statues, standing like athletes, with their rugged features, their bare
sinewy arms, men whom Death himself had scarcely thrown off their feet.

The rest of the crew, well armed, active, light, and vigorous, also
stood motionless. Toil had hardened, and the sun had deeply tanned,
those energetic faces; their eyes glittered like sparks of fire with
infernal glee and clear-sighted courage. Perfect silence on the upper
deck, now black with men, bore abundant testimony to the rigorous
discipline and strong will which held these fiends incarnate in check.

The captain of the _Othello_ stood with folded arms at the foot of the
main mast; he carried no weapons, but an axe lay on the deck beside him.
His face was hidden by the shadow of a broad felt hat. The men looked
like dogs crouching before their master. Gunners, soldiers, and ship’s
crew turned their eyes first on his face, and then on the merchant

The two brigs came up alongside, and the shock of contact roused the
privateer captain from his musings; he spoke a word in the ear of the
lieutenant who stood beside him.

“Grappling-irons!” shouted the latter, and the _Othello_ grappled
the _Saint-Ferdinand_ with miraculous quickness. The captain of the
privateer gave his orders in a low voice to the lieutenant, who repeated
them; the men, told off in succession for each duty, went on the upper
deck of the _Saint-Ferdinand_, like seminarists going to mass. They
bound crew and passengers hand and foot and seized the booty. In the
twinkling of an eye, provisions and barrels full of piastres were
transferred to the _Othello_; the General thought that he must be
dreaming when he himself, likewise bound, was flung down on a bale of
goods as if he had been part of the cargo.

A brief conference took place between the captain of the privateer and
his lieutenant and a sailor, who seemed to be the mate of the
vessel; then the mate gave a whistle, and the men jumped on board
the _Saint-Ferdinand_, and completely dismantled her with the nimble
dexterity of a soldier who strips a dead comrade of a coveted overcoat
and shoes.

“It is all over with us,” said the Spanish captain coolly. He had eyed
the three chiefs during their confabulation, and saw that the sailors
were proceeding to pull his vessel to pieces.

“Why so?” asked the General.

“What would you have them do with us?” returned the Spaniard. “They
have just come to the conclusion that they will scarcely sell the
_Saint-Ferdinand_ in any French or Spanish port, so they are going to
sink her to be rid of her. As for us, do you suppose that they will put
themselves to the expense of feeding us, when they don’t know what port
they are to put into?”

The words were scarcely out of the captain’s mouth before a hideous
outcry went up, followed by a dull splashing sound, as several bodies
were thrown overboard. He turned, the four merchants were no longer to
be seen, but eight ferocious-looking gunners were still standing with
their arms raised above their heads. He shuddered.

“What did I tell you?” the Spanish captain asked coolly.

The Marquis rose to his feet with a spring. The surface of the sea was
quite smooth again; he could not so much as see the place where his
unhappy fellow-passengers had disappeared. By this time they were
sinking down, bound hand and foot, below the waves, if, indeed, the fish
had not devoured them already.

Only a few paces away, the treacherous steersman and the sailor who had
boasted of the Parisian’s power were fraternizing with the crew of the
_Othello_, and pointing out those among their own number, who, in their
opinion, were worthy to join the crew of the privateer. Then the boys
tied the rest together by the feet in spite of frightful oaths. It
was soon over; the eight gunners seized the doomed men and flung them
overboard without more ado, watching the different ways in which the
drowning victims met their death, their contortions, their last agony,
with a sort of malignant curiosity, but with no sign of amusement,
surprise, or pity. For them it was an ordinary event to which seemingly
they were quite accustomed. The older men looked instead with grim, set
smiles at the casks of piastres about the main mast.

The General and Captain Gomez, left seated on a bale of goods, consulted
each other with well-nigh hopeless looks; they were, in a sense, the
sole survivors of the _Saint-Ferdinand_, for the seven men pointed out
by the spies were transformed amid rejoicings into Peruvians.

“What atrocious villains!” the General cried. Loyal and generous
indignation silenced prudence and pain on his own account.

“They do it because they must,” Gomez answered coolly. “If you came
across one of those fellows, you would run him through the body, would
you not?”

The lieutenant now came up to the Spaniard.

“Captain,” said he, “the Parisian has heard of you. He says that you
are the only man who really knows the passages of the Antilles and the
Brazilian coast. Will you--”

The captain cut him short with a scornful exclamation.

“I shall die like a sailor,” he said, “and a loyal Spaniard and a
Christian. Do you hear?”

“Heave him overboard!” shouted the lieutenant, and a couple of gunners
seized on Gomez.

“You cowards!” roared the General, seizing hold of the men.

“Don’t get too excited, old boy,” said the lieutenant. “If your red
ribbon has made some impression upon our captain, I myself do not care
a rap for it.--You and I will have our little bit of talk together

A smothered sound, with no accompanying cry, told the General that the
gallant captain had died “like a sailor,” as he had said.

“My money or death!” cried the Marquis, in a fit of rage terrible to

“Ah! now you talk sensibly!” sneered the lieutenant. “That is the way to
get something out of us----”

Two of the men came up at a sign and hastened to bind the Frenchmen’s
feet, but with unlooked-for boldness he snatched the lieutenant’s
cutlass and laid about him like a cavalry officer who knows his

“Brigands that you are! You shall not chuck one of Napoleon’s troopers
over a ship’s side like an oyster!”

At the sound of pistol shots fired point blank at the Frenchman,
“the Parisian” looked round from his occupation of superintending the
transfer of the rigging from the _Saint-Ferdinand_. He came up behind
the brave General, seized him, dragged him to the side, and was about
to fling him over with no more concern than if the man had been a broken
spar. They were at the very edge when the General looked into the tawny
eyes of the man who had stolen his daughter. The recognition was mutual.

The captain of the privateer, his arm still upraised, suddenly swung it
in the contrary direction as if his victim was but a feather weight, and
set him down at the foot of the main mast. A murmur rose on the upper
deck, but the captain glanced round, and there was a sudden silence.

“This is Helene’s father,” said the captain in a clear, firm voice. “Woe
to any one who meddles with him!”

A hurrah of joy went up at the words, a shout rising to the sky like a
prayer of the church; a cry like the first high notes of the _Te Deum_.
The lads swung aloft in the rigging, the men below flung up their caps,
the gunners pounded away on the deck, there was a general thrill of
excitement, an outburst of oaths, yells, and shrill cries in voluble
chorus. The men cheered like fanatics, the General’s misgivings
deepened, and he grew uneasy; it seemed to him that there was some
horrible mystery in such wild transports.

“My daughter!” he cried, as soon as he could speak. “Where is my

For all answer, the captain of the privateer gave him a searching
glance, one of those glances which throw the bravest man into a
confusion which no theory can explain. The General was mute, not a
little to the satisfaction of the crew; it pleased them to see their
leader exercise the strange power which he possessed over all with whom
he came in contact. Then the captain led the way down a staircase and
flung open the door of a cabin.

“There she is,” he said, and disappeared, leaving the General in a
stupor of bewilderment at the scene before his eyes.

Helene cried out at the sight of him, and sprang up from the sofa on
which she was lying when the door flew open. So changed was she that
none but a father’s eyes could have recognized her. The sun of the
tropics had brought warmer tones into the once pale face, and something
of Oriental charm with that wonderful coloring; there was a certain
grandeur about her, a majestic firmness, a profound sentiment which
impresses itself upon the coarsest nature. Her long, thick hair, falling
in large curls about her queenly throat, gave an added idea of power
to the proud face. The consciousness of that power shone out from every
movement, every line of Helene’s form. The rose-tinted nostrils were
dilated slightly with the joy of triumph; the serene happiness of her
life had left its plain tokens in the full development of her beauty. A
certain indefinable virginal grace met in her with the pride of a woman
who is loved. This was a slave and a queen, a queen who would fain obey
that she might reign.

Her dress was magnificent and elegant in its richness; India muslin was
the sole material, but her sofa and cushions were of cashmere. A Persian
carpet covered the floor in the large cabin, and her four children
playing at her feet were building castles of gems and pearl necklaces
and jewels of price. The air was full of the scent of rare flowers in
Sevres porcelain vases painted by Madame Jacotot; tiny South American
birds, like living rubies, sapphires, and gold, hovered among the
Mexican jessamines and camellias. A pianoforte had been fitted into the
room, and here and there on the paneled walls, covered with red silk,
hung small pictures by great painters--a _Sunset_ by Hippolyte Schinner
beside a Terburg, one of Raphael’s Madonnas scarcely yielded in charm to
a sketch by Gericault, while a Gerard Dow eclipsed the painters of the
Empire. On a lacquered table stood a golden plate full of delicious
fruit. Indeed, Helene might have been the sovereign lady of some great
country, and this cabin of hers a boudoir in which her crowned lover
had brought together all earth’s treasure to please his consort. The
children gazed with bright, keen eyes at their grandfather. Accustomed
as they were to a life of battle, storm, and tumult, they recalled the
Roman children in David’s _Brutus_, watching the fighting and bloodshed
with curious interest.

“What! is it possible?” cried Helene, catching her father’s arm as if to
assure herself that this was no vision.



They fell into each other’s arms, and the old man’s embrace was not so
close and warm as Helene’s.

“Were you on board that vessel?”

“Yes,” he answered sadly, and looking at the little ones, who gathered
about him and gazed with wide open eyes.

“I was about to perish, but--”

“But for my husband,” she broke in. “I see how it was.”

“Ah!” cried the General, “why must I find you again like this, Helene?
After all the many tears that I have shed, must I still groan for your

“And why?” she asked, smiling. “Why should you be sorry to learn that I
am the happiest woman under the sun?”

“_Happy_?” he cried with a start of surprise.

“Yes, happy, my kind father,” and she caught his hands in hers and
covered them with kisses, and pressed them to her throbbing heart. Her
caresses, and a something in the carriage of her head, were interpreted
yet more plainly by the joy sparkling in her eyes.

“And how is this?” he asked, wondering at his daughter’s life, forgetful
now of everything but the bright glowing face before him.

“Listen, father; I have for lover, husband, servant, and master one
whose soul is as great as the boundless sea, as infinite in his kindness
as heaven, a god on earth! Never during these seven years has a chance
look, or word, or gesture jarred in the divine harmony of his talk,
his love, his caresses. His eyes have never met mine without a gleam of
happiness in them; there has always been a bright smile on his lips for
me. On deck, his voice rises above the thunder of storms and the
tumult of battle; but here below it is soft and melodious as Rossini’s
music--for he has Rossini’s music sent for me. I have everything that
woman’s caprice can imagine. My wishes are more than fulfilled. In
short, I am a queen on the seas; I am obeyed here as perhaps a queen may
be obeyed.--Ah!” she cried, interrupting herself, “_happy_ did I say?
Happiness is no word to express such bliss as mine. All the happiness
that should have fallen to all the women in the world has been my share.
Knowing one’s own great love and self-devotion, to find in _his_
heart an infinite love in which a woman’s soul is lost, and lost for
ever--tell me, is this happiness? I have lived through a thousand lives
even now. Here, I am alone; here, I command. No other woman has set foot
on this noble vessel, and Victor is never more than a few paces distant
from me,--he cannot wander further from me than from stern to prow,” she
added, with a shade of mischief in her manner. “Seven years! A love
that outlasts seven years of continual joy, that endures all the tests
brought by all the moments that make up seven years--is this love? Oh,
no, no! it is something better than all that I know of life... human
language fails to express the bliss of heaven.”

A sudden torrent of tears fell from her burning eyes. The four little
ones raised a piteous cry at this, and flocked like chickens about their
mother. The oldest boy struck the General with a threatening look.

“Abel, darling,” said Helene, “I am crying for joy.”

Helene took him on her knee, and the child fondled her, putting his arms
about her queenly neck, as a lion’s whelp might play with the lioness.

“Do you never weary of your life?” asked the General, bewildered by his
daughter’s enthusiastic language.

“Yes,” she said, “sometimes, when we are on land, yet even then I have
never parted from my husband.”

“But you need to be fond of music and balls and fetes.”

“His voice is music for me; and for fetes, I devise new toilettes for
him to see. When he likes my dress, it is as if all the world admired
me. Simply for that reason I keep the diamonds and jewels, the precious
things, the flowers and masterpieces of art that he heaps upon me,
saying, ‘Helene, as you live out of the world, I will have the world
come to you.’ But for that I would fling them all overboard.”

“But there are others on board, wild, reckless men whose passions--”

“I understand, father,” she said smiling. “Do not fear for me. Never
was empress encompassed with more observance than I. The men are very
superstitious; they look upon me as a sort of tutelary genius, the luck
of the vessel. But _he_ is their god; they worship him. Once, and
once only, one of the crew showed disrespect, mere words,” she added,
laughing; “but before Victor knew of it, the others flung the offender
overboard, although I forgave him. They love me as their good angel; I
nurse them when they are ill; several times I have been so fortunate as
to save a life, by constant care such as a woman can give. Poor fellows,
they are giants, but they are children at the same time.”

“And when there is fighting overhead?”

“I am used to it now; I quaked for fear during the first engagement,
but never since.--I am used to such peril, and--I am your daughter,” she
said; “I love it.”

“But how if he should fall?”

“I should die with him.”

“And your children?”

“They are children of the sea and of danger; they share the life of
their parents. We have but one life, and we do not flinch from it. We
have but one life, our names are written on the same page of the book of
Fate, one skiff bears us and our fortunes, and we know it.”

“Do you so love him that he is more to you than all beside?”

“All beside?” echoed she. “Let us leave that mystery alone. Yet stay!
there is this dear little one--well, this too is _he_,” and straining
Abel to her in a tight clasp, she set eager kisses on his cheeks and

“But I can never forget that he has just drowned nine men!” exclaimed
the General.

“There was no help for it, doubtless,” she said, “for he is generous and
humane. He sheds as little blood as may be, and only in the interests of
the little world which he defends, and the sacred cause for which he is
fighting. Talk to him about anything that seems to you to be wrong, and
he will convince you, you will see.”

“There was that crime of his,” muttered the General to himself.

“But how if that crime was a virtue?” she asked, with cold dignity. “How
if man’s justice had failed to avenge a great wrong?”

“But a private revenge!” exclaimed her father.

“But what is hell,” she cried, “but a revenge through all eternity for
the wrong done in a little day?”

“Ah! you are lost! He has bewitched and perverted you. You are talking

“Stay with us one day, father, and if you will but listen to him, and
see him, you will love him.”

“Helene, France lies only a few leagues away,” he said gravely.

Helene trembled; then she went to the porthole and pointed to the
savannas of green water spreading far and wide.

“There lies my country,” she said, tapping the carpet with her foot.

“But are you not coming with me to see your mother and your sister and

“Oh! yes,” she cried, with tears in her voice, “if _he_ is willing, if
he will come with me.”

“So,” the General said sternly, “you have neither country nor kin now,

“I am his wife,” she answered proudly, and there was something very
noble in her tone. “This is the first happiness in seven years that has
not come to me through him,” she said--then, as she caught her father’s
hand and kissed it--“and this is the first word of reproach that I have

“And your conscience?”

“My conscience; he is my conscience!” she cried, trembling from head to
foot. “Here he is! Even in the thick of a fight I can tell his footstep
among all the others on deck,” she cried.

A sudden crimson flushed her cheeks and glowed in her features, her eyes
lighted up, her complexion changed to velvet whiteness, there was joy
and love in every fibre, in the blue veins, in the unconscious trembling
of her whole frame. That quiver of the sensitive plant softened the

It was as she had said. The captain came in, sat down in an easy-chair,
took up his oldest boy, and began to play with him. There was a moment’s
silence, for the General’s deep musing had grown vague and dreamy, and
the daintily furnished cabin and the playing children seemed like a nest
of halcyons, floating on the waves, between sky and sea, safe in the
protection of this man who steered his way amid the perils of war and
tempest, as other heads of household guide those in their care among
the hazards of common life. He gazed admiringly at Helene--a dreamlike
vision of some sea goddess, gracious in her loveliness, rich in
happiness; all the treasures about her grown poor in comparison with
the wealth of her nature, paling before the brightness of her eyes, the
indefinable romance expressed in her and her surroundings.

The strangeness of the situation took the General by surprise; the ideas
of ordinary life were thrown into confusion by this lofty passion and
reasoning. Chill and narrow social conventions faded away before this
picture. All these things the old soldier felt, and saw no less how
impossible it was that his daughter should give up so wide a life, a
life so variously rich, filled to the full with such passionate love.
And Helene had tasted danger without shrinking; how could she return to
the pretty stage, the superficial circumscribed life of society?

It was the captain who broke the silence at last.

“Am I in the way?” he asked, looking at his wife.

“No,” said the General, answering for her. “Helene has told me all. I
see that she is lost to us--”

“No,” the captain put in quickly; “in a few years’ time the statute of
limitations will allow me to go back to France. When the conscience
is clear, and a man has broken the law in obedience to----” he stopped
short, as if scorning to justify himself.

“How can you commit new murders, such as I have seen with my own eyes,
without remorse?”

“We had no provisions,” the privateer captain retorted calmly.

“But if you had set the men ashore--”

“They would have given the alarm and sent a man-of-war after us, and we
should never have seen Chili again.”

“Before France would have given warning to the Spanish admiralty--”
 began the General.

“But France might take it amiss that a man, with a warrant still out
against him, should seize a brig chartered by Bordeaux merchants. And
for that matter, have you never fired a shot or so too many in battle?”

The General shrank under the other’s eyes. He said no more, and his
daughter looked at him half sadly, half triumphant.

“General,” the privateer continued, in a deep voice, “I have made it
a rule to abstract nothing from booty. But even so, my share will be
beyond a doubt far larger than your fortune. Permit me to return it to
you in another form--”

He drew a pile of banknotes from the piano, and without counting the
packets handed a million of francs to the Marquis.

“You can understand,” he said, “that I cannot spend my time in watching
vessels pass by to Bordeaux. So unless the dangers of this Bohemian
life of ours have some attraction for you, unless you care to see South
America and the nights of the tropics, and a bit of fighting now and
again for the pleasure of helping to win a triumph for a young nation,
or for the name of Simon Bolivar, we must part. The long boat manned
with a trustworthy crew is ready for you. And now let us hope that our
third meeting will be completely happy.”

“Victor,” said Helene in a dissatisfied tone, “I should like to see a
little more of my father.”

“Ten minutes more or less may bring up a French frigate. However, so be
it, we shall have a little fun. The men find things dull.”

“Oh, father, go!” cried Helene, “and take these keepsakes from me to my
sister and brothers and--mother,” she added. She caught up a handful of
jewels and precious stones, folded them in an Indian shawl, and timidly
held it out.

“But what shall I say to them from you?” asked he. Her hesitation on the
word “mother” seemed to have struck him.

“Oh! can you doubt me? I pray for their happiness every day.”

“Helene,” he began, as he watched her closely, “how if we should not
meet again? Shall I never know why you left us?”

“That secret is not mine,” she answered gravely. “Even if I had the
right to tell it, perhaps I should not. For ten years I was more
miserable than words can say--”

She broke off, and gave her father the presents for her family. The
General had acquired tolerably easy views as to booty in the course of
a soldier’s career, so he took Helene’s gifts and comforted himself with
the reflection that the Parisian captain was sure to wage war against
the Spaniards as an honorable man, under the influence of Helene’s pure
and high-minded nature. His passion for courage carried all before it.
It was ridiculous, he thought, to be squeamish in the matter; so he
shook hands cordially with his captor, and kissed Helene, his only
daughter, with a soldier’s expansiveness; letting fall a tear on the
face with the proud, strong look that once he had loved to see. “The
Parisian,” deeply moved, brought the children for his blessing. The
parting was over, the last good-bye was a long farewell look, with
something of tender regret on either side.

A strange sight to seaward met the General’s eyes. The _Saint-Ferdinand_
was blazing like a huge bonfire. The men told off to sink the Spanish
brig had found a cargo of rum on board; and as the _Othello_ was already
amply supplied, had lighted a floating bowl of punch on the high seas,
by way of a joke; a pleasantry pardonable enough in sailors, who hail
any chance excitement as a relief from the apparent monotony of life
at sea. As the General went over the side into the long-boat of the
_Saint-Ferdinand_, manned by six vigorous rowers, he could not help
looking at the burning vessel, as well as at the daughter who stood by
her husband’s side on the stern of the _Othello_. He saw Helene’s white
dress flutter like one more sail in the breeze; he saw the tall, noble
figure against a background of sea, queenly still even in the presence
of Ocean; and so many memories crowded up in his mind, that, with a
soldier’s recklessness of life, he forgot that he was being borne over
the grave of the brave Gomez.

A vast column of smoke rising spread like a brown cloud, pierced here
and there by fantastic shafts of sunlight. It was a second sky, a murky
dome reflecting the glow of the fire as if the under surface had been
burnished; but above it soared the unchanging blue of the firmament, a
thousand times fairer for the short-lived contrast. The strange hues
of the smoke cloud, black and red, tawny and pale by turns, blurred
and blending into each other, shrouded the burning vessel as it flared,
crackled and groaned; the hissing tongues of flame licked up the
rigging, and flashed across the hull, like a rumor of riot flashing
along the streets of a city. The burning rum sent up blue flitting
lights. Some sea god might have been stirring the furious liquor as
a student stirs the joyous flames of punch in an orgy. But in the
overpowering sunlight, jealous of the insolent blaze, the colors were
scarcely visible, and the smoke was but a film fluttering like a thin
scarf in the noonday torrent of light and heat.

The _Othello_ made the most of the little wind she could gain to fly
on her new course. Swaying first to one side, then to the other, like a
stag beetle on the wing, the fair vessel beat to windward on her zigzag
flight to the south. Sometimes she was hidden from sight by the straight
column of smoke that flung fantastic shadows across the water, then
gracefully she shot out clear of it, and Helene, catching sight of her
father, waved her handkerchief for yet one more farewell greeting.

A few more minutes, and the _Saint-Ferdinand_ went down with a bubbling
turmoil, at once effaced by the ocean. Nothing of all that had been
was left but a smoke cloud hanging in the breeze. The _Othello_ was far
away, the long-boat had almost reached land, the cloud came between
the frail skiff and the brig, and it was through a break in the swaying
smoke that the General caught the last glimpse of Helene. A prophetic
vision! Her dress and her white handkerchief stood out against the murky
background. Then the brig was not even visible between the green water
and the blue sky, and Helene was nothing but an imperceptible speck, a
faint graceful line, an angel in heaven, a mental image, a memory.

The Marquis had retrieved his fortunes, when he died, worn out with
toil. A few months after his death, in 1833, the Marquise was obliged to
take Moina to a watering-place in the Pyrenees, for the capricious child
had a wish to see the beautiful mountain scenery. They left the baths,
and the following tragical incident occurred on their way home.

“Dear me, mother,” said Moina, “it was very foolish of us not to stay
among the mountains a few days longer. It was much nicer there. Did
you hear that horrid child moaning all night, and that wretched woman,
gabbling away in patois no doubt, for I could not understand a single
word she said. What kind of people can they have put in the next room to
ours? This is one of the horridest nights I have ever spent in my life.”

“I heard nothing,” said the Marquise, “but I will see the landlady,
darling, and engage the next room, and then we shall have the whole
suite of rooms to ourselves, and there will be no more noise. How do you
feel this morning? Are you tired?”

As she spoke, the Marquise rose and went to Moina’s bedside.

“Let us see,” she said, feeling for the girl’s hand.

“Oh! let me alone, mother,” said Moina; “your fingers are cold.”

She turned her head round on the pillow as she spoke, pettishly, but
with such engaging grace, that a mother could scarcely have taken it
amiss. Just then a wailing cry echoed through the next room, a faint
prolonged cry, that must surely have gone to the heart of any woman who
heard it.

“Why, if you heard _that_ all night long, why did you not wake me? We
should have--”

A deeper moan than any that had gone before it interrupted the Marquise.

“Some one is dying there,” she cried, and hurried out of the room.

“Send Pauline to me!” called Moina. “I shall get up and dress.”

The Marquise hastened downstairs, and found the landlady in the
courtyard with a little group about her, apparently much interested in
something that she was telling them.

“Madame, you have put some one in the next room who seems to be very ill

“Oh! don’t talk to me about it!” cried the mistress of the house. “I
have just sent some one for the mayor. Just imagine it; it is a woman,
a poor unfortunate creature that came here last night on foot. She comes
from Spain; she has no passport and no money; she was carrying her baby
on her back, and the child was dying. I could not refuse to take her
in. I went up to see her this morning myself; for when she turned up
yesterday, it made me feel dreadfully bad to look at her. Poor soul!
she and the child were lying in bed, and both of them at death’s door.
‘Madame,’ says she, pulling a gold ring off her finger, ‘this is all
that I have left; take it in payment, it will be enough; I shall not
stay here long. Poor little one! we shall die together soon!’ she said,
looking at the child. I took her ring, and I asked her who she was, but
she never would tell me her name.... I have just sent for the doctor and
M. le Maire.”

“Why, you must do all that can be done for her,” cried the Marquise.
“Good heavens! perhaps it is not too late! I will pay for everything
that is necessary----”

“Ah! my lady, she looks to me uncommonly proud, and I don’t know that
she would allow it.”

“I will go to see her at once.”

The Marquise went up forthwith to the stranger’s room, without thinking
of the shock that the sight of her widow’s weeds might give to a woman
who was said to be dying. At the sight of that dying woman the Marquise
turned pale. In spite of the changes wrought by fearful suffering in
Helene’s beautiful face, she recognized her eldest daughter.

But Helene, when she saw a woman dressed in black, sat upright in bed
with a shriek of horror. Then she sank back; she knew her mother.

“My daughter,” said Mme. d’Aiglemont, “what is to be done? Pauline!...

“Nothing now for me,” said Helene faintly. “I had hoped to see my father
once more, but your mourning--” she broke off, clutched her child to her
heart as if to give it warmth, and kissed its forehead. Then she turned
her eyes on her mother, and the Marquise met the old reproach in them,
tempered with forgiveness, it is true, but still reproach. She saw it,
and would not see it. She forgot that Helene was the child conceived
amid tears and despair, the child of duty, the cause of one of the
greatest sorrows in her life. She stole to her eldest daughter’s side,
remembering nothing but that Helene was her firstborn, the child who had
taught her to know the joys of motherhood. The mother’s eyes were full
of tears. “Helene, my child!...” she cried, with her arms about her

Helene was silent. Her own babe had just drawn its last breath on her

Moina came into the room with Pauline, her maid, and the landlady and
the doctor. The Marquise was holding her daughter’s ice-cold hand in
both of hers, and gazing at her in despair; but the widowed woman, who
had escaped shipwreck with but one of all her fair band of children,
spoke in a voice that was dreadful to hear. “All this is your work,” she
said. “If you had but been for me all that--”

“Moina, go! Go out of the room, all of you!” cried Mme. d’Aiglemont, her
shrill tones drowning Helene’s voice.--“For pity’s sake,” she continued,
“let us not begin these miserable quarrels again now----”

“I will be silent,” Helene answered with a preternatural effort. “I am a
mother; I know that Moina ought not... Where is my child?”

Moina came back, impelled by curiosity.

“Sister,” said the spoiled child, “the doctor--”

“It is all of no use,” said Helene. “Oh! why did I not die as a girl of
sixteen when I meant to take my own life? There is no happiness outside
the laws. Moina... you...”

Her head sank till her face lay against the face of the little one; in
her agony she strained her babe to her breast, and died.

“Your sister, Moina,” said Mme. d’Aiglemont, bursting into tears when
she reached her room, “your sister meant no doubt to tell you that a
girl will never find happiness in a romantic life, in living as nobody
else does, and, above all things, far away from her mother.”


It was one of the earliest June days of the year 1844. A lady of fifty
or thereabouts, for she looked older than her actual age, was pacing up
and down one of the sunny paths in the garden of a great mansion in
the Rue Plument in Paris. It was noon. The lady took two or three turns
along the gently winding garden walk, careful never to lose sight of a
certain row of windows, to which she seemed to give her whole attention;
then she sat down on a bench, a piece of elegant semi-rusticity made of
branches with the bark left on the wood. From the place where she sat
she could look through the garden railings along the inner boulevards to
the wonderful dome of the Invalides rising above the crests of a
forest of elm-trees, and see the less striking view of her own grounds
terminating in the gray stone front of one of the finest hotels in the
Faubourg Saint-Germain.

Silence lay over the neighboring gardens, and the boulevards stretching
away to the Invalides. Day scarcely begins at noon in that aristocratic
quarter, and masters and servants are all alike asleep, or just
awakening, unless some young lady takes it into her head to go for an
early ride, or a gray-headed diplomatist rises betimes to redraft a

The elderly lady stirring abroad at that hour was the Marquise
d’Aiglemont, the mother of Mme. de Saint-Hereen, to whom the great house
belonged. The Marquise had made over the mansion and almost her whole
fortune to her daughter, reserving only an annuity for herself.

The Comtesse Moina de Saint-Hereen was Mme. d’Aiglemont’s youngest
child. The Marquise had made every sacrifice to marry her daughter to
the eldest son of one of the greatest houses of France; and this was
only what might have been expected, for the lady had lost her sons,
first one and then the other. Gustave, Marquis d’Aiglemont, had died of
the cholera; Abel, the second, had fallen in Algeria. Gustave had left
a widow and children, but the dowager’s affection for her sons had
been only moderately warm, and for the next generation it was decidedly
tepid. She was always civil to her daughter-in-law, but her feeling
towards the young Marquise was the distinctly conventional affection
which good taste and good manners require us to feel for our relatives.
The fortunes of her dead children having been settled, she could devote
her savings and her own property to her darling Moina.

Moina, beautiful and fascinating from childhood, was Mme. d’Aiglemont’s
favorite; loved beyond all the others with an instinctive or involuntary
love, a fatal drawing of the heart, which sometimes seems inexplicable,
sometimes, and to a close observer, only too easy to explain. Her
darling’s pretty face, the sound of Moina’s voice, her ways, her manner,
her looks and gestures, roused all the deepest emotions that can stir
a mother’s heart with trouble, rapture, or delight. The springs of the
Marquise’s life, of yesterday, to-morrow, and to-day, lay in that young
heart. Moina, with better fortune, had survived four older children.
As a matter of fact, Mme. d’Aiglemont had lost her eldest daughter, a
charming girl, in a most unfortunate manner, said gossip, nobody knew
exactly what became of her; and then she lost a little boy of five by a
dreadful accident.

The child of her affections had, however, been spared to her, and
doubtless the Marquise saw the will of Heaven in that fact; for those
who had died, she kept but very shadowy recollections in some far-off
corner of her heart; her memories of her dead children were like the
headstones on a battlefield, you can scarcely see them for the flowers
that have sprung up about them since. Of course, if the world had
chosen, it might have said some hard truths about the Marquise, might
have taken her to task for shallowness and an overweening preference for
one child at the expense of the rest; but the world of Paris is swept
along by the full flood of new events, new ideas, and new fashions, and
it was inevitable the Mme. d’Aiglemont should be in some sort allowed
to drop out of sight. So nobody thought of blaming her for coldness
or neglect which concerned no one, whereas her quick, apprehensive
tenderness for Moina was found highly interesting by not a few who
respected it as a sort of superstition. Besides, the Marquise scarcely
went into society at all; and the few families who knew her thought of
her as a kindly, gentle, indulgent woman, wholly devoted to her family.
What but a curiosity, keen indeed, would seek to pry beneath the surface
with which the world is quite satisfied? And what would we not pardon
to old people, if only they will efface themselves like shadows, and
consent to be regarded as memories and nothing more!

Indeed, Mme. d’Aiglemont became a kind of example complacently held up
by the younger generation to fathers of families, and frequently cited
to mothers-in-law. She had made over her property to Moina in her own
lifetime; the young Countess’ happiness was enough for her, she only
lived in her daughter. If some cautious old person or morose uncle here
and there condemned the course with--“Perhaps Mme. d’Aiglemont may be
sorry some day that she gave up her fortune to her daughter; she may
be sure of Moina, but how can she be equally sure of her
son-in-law?”--these prophets were cried down on all sides, and from all
sides a chorus of praise went up for Moina.

“It ought to be said, in justice to Mme. de Saint-Hereen, that her
mother cannot feel the slightest difference,” remarked a young married
woman. “Mme. d’Aiglemont is admirably well housed. She has a carriage at
her disposal, and can go everywhere just as she used to do--”

“Except to the Italiens,” remarked a low voice. (This was an elderly
parasite, one of those persons who show their independence--as they
think--by riddling their friends with epigrams.) “Except to the
Italiens. And if the dowager cares for anything on this earth but her
daughter--it is music. Such a good performer she was in her time! But
the Countess’ box is always full of young butterflies, and the Countess’
mother would be in the way; the young lady is talked about already as a
great flirt. So the poor mother never goes to the Italiens.”

“Mme. de Saint-Hereen has delightful ‘At Homes’ for her mother,” said a
rosebud. “All Paris goes to her salon.

“And no one pays any attention to the Marquise,” returned the parasite.

“The fact is that Mme. d’Aiglemont is never alone,” remarked a coxcomb,
siding with the young women.

“In the morning,” the old observer continued in a discreet voice, “in
the morning dear Moina is asleep. At four o’clock dear Moina drives
in the Bois. In the evening dear Moina goes to a ball or to the
Bouffes.--Still, it is certainly true that Mme. d’Aiglemont has the
privilege of seeing her dear daughter while she dresses, and again at
dinner, if dear Moina happens to dine with her mother. Not a week ago,
sir,” continued the elderly person, laying his hand on the arm of the
shy tutor, a new arrival in the house, “not a week ago, I saw the poor
mother, solitary and sad, by her own fireside.--‘What is the matter?’ I
asked. The Marquise looked up smiling, but I am quite sure that she had
been crying.--‘I was thinking that it is a strange thing that I should
be left alone when I have had five children,’ she said, ‘but that is
our destiny! And besides, I am happy when I know that Moina is enjoying
herself.’--She could say that to me, for I knew her husband when he was
alive. A poor stick he was, and uncommonly lucky to have such a wife; it
was certainly owing to her that he was made a peer of France, and had a
place at Court under Charles X.”

Yet such mistaken ideas get about in social gossip, and such mischief
is done by it, that the historian of manners is bound to exercise his
discretion, and weigh the assertions so recklessly made. After all, who
is to say that either mother or daughter was right or wrong? There is
but One who can read and judge their hearts! And how often does He wreak
His vengeance in the family circle, using throughout all time children
as His instruments against their mothers, and fathers against their
sons, raising up peoples against kings, and princes against peoples,
sowing strife and division everywhere? And in the world of ideas, are
not opinions and feelings expelled by new feelings and opinions, much
as withered leaves are thrust forth by the young leaf-buds in the
spring?--all in obedience to the immutable Scheme; all to some end which
God alone knows. Yet, surely, all things proceed to Him, or rather, to
Him all things return.

Such thoughts of religion, the natural thoughts of age, floated up
now and again on the current of Mme. d’Aiglemont’s thoughts; they were
always dimly present in her mind, but sometimes they shone out clearly,
sometimes they were carried under, like flowers tossed on the vexed
surface of a stormy sea.

She sat on a garden-seat, tired with walking, exhausted with much
thinking--with the long thoughts in which a whole lifetime rises up
before the mind, and is spread out like a scroll before the eyes of
those who feel that Death is near.

If a poet had chanced to pass along the boulevard, he would have found
an interesting picture in the face of this woman, grown old before her
time. As she sat under the dotted shadow of the acacia, the shadow the
acacia casts at noon, a thousand thoughts were written for all the world
to see on her features, pale and cold even in the hot, bright sunlight.
There was something sadder than the sense of waning life in that
expressive face, some trouble that went deeper than the weariness of
experience. It was a face of a type that fixes you in a moment among a
host of characterless faces that fail to draw a second glance, a face
to set you thinking. Among a thousand pictures in a gallery, you are
strongly impressed by the sublime anguish on the face of some Madonna
of Murillo’s; by some _Beatrice Cenci_ in which Guido’s art portrays the
most touching innocence against a background of horror and crime; by the
awe and majesty that should encircle a king, caught once and for ever
by Velasquez in the sombre face of a Philip II., and so is it with some
living human faces; they are tyrannous pictures which speak to you,
submit you to searching scrutiny, and give response to your inmost
thoughts, nay, there are faces that set forth a whole drama, and Mme.
d’Aiglemont’s stony face was one of these awful tragedies, one of such
faces as Dante Alighieri saw by thousands in his vision.

For the little season that a woman’s beauty is in flower it serves her
admirably well in the dissimulation to which her natural weakness and
our social laws condemn her. A young face and rich color, and eyes that
glow with light, a gracious maze of such subtle, manifold lines and
curves, flawless and perfectly traced, is a screen that hides everything
that stirs the woman within. A flush tells nothing, it only heightens
the coloring so brilliant already; all the fires that burn within
can add little light to the flame of life in eyes which only seem the
brighter for the flash of a passing pain. Nothing is so discreet as a
young face, for nothing is less mobile; it has the serenity, the surface
smoothness, and the freshness of a lake. There is not character in
women’s faces before the age of thirty. The painter discovers nothing
there but pink and white, and the smile and expression that repeat the
same thought in the same way--a thought of youth and love that goes no
further than youth and love. But the face of an old woman has expressed
all that lay in her nature; passion has carved lines on her features;
love and wifehood and motherhood, and extremes of joy and anguish,
having wrung them, and left their traces in a thousand wrinkles, all
of which speak a language of their own; then it is that a woman’s face
becomes sublime in its horror, beautiful in its melancholy, grand in its
calm. If it is permissible to carry the strange metaphor still further,
it might be said that in the dried-up lake you can see the traces of
all the torrents that once poured into it and made it what it is. An old
face is nothing to the frivolous world; the frivolous world is shocked
by the sight of the destruction of such comeliness as it can understand;
a commonplace artist sees nothing there. An old face is the province of
the poets among poets of those who can recognize that something which
is called Beauty, apart from all the conventions underlying so many
superstitions in art and taste.

Though Mme. d’Aiglemont wore a fashionable bonnet, it was easy to see
that her once black hair had been bleached by cruel sorrows; yet her
good taste and the gracious acquired instincts of a woman of fashion
could be seen in the way she wore it, divided into two _bandeaux_,
following the outlines of a forehead that still retained some traces of
former dazzling beauty, worn and lined though it was. The contours
of her face, the regularity of her features, gave some idea, faint in
truth, of that beauty of which surely she had once been proud; but those
traces spoke still more plainly of the anguish which had laid it waste,
of sharp pain that had withered the temples, and made those hollows in
her cheeks, and empurpled the eyelids, and robbed them of their lashes,
and the eyes of their charm. She was in every way so noiseless; she
moved with a slow, self-contained gravity that showed itself in her
whole bearing, and struck a certain awe into others. Her diffident
manner had changed to positive shyness, due apparently to a habit now of
some years’ growth, of effacing herself in her daughter’s presence. She
spoke very seldom, and in the low tones used by those who perforce must
live within themselves a life of reflection and concentration. This
demeanor led others to regard her with an indefinable feeling which was
neither awe nor compassion, but a mysterious blending of the many ideas
awakened in us by compassion and awe. Finally, there was something in
her wrinkles, in the lines of her face, in the look of pain in those
wan eyes of hers, that bore eloquent testimony to tears that never had
fallen, tears that had been absorbed by her heart. Unhappy creatures,
accustomed to raise their eyes to heaven, in mute appeal against the
bitterness of their lot, would have seen at once from her eyes that she
was broken in to the cruel discipline of ceaseless prayer, would have
discerned the almost imperceptible symptoms of the secret bruises which
destroy all the flowers of the soul, even the sentiment of motherhood.

Painters have colors for these portraits, but words, and the mental
images called up by words, fail to reproduce such impressions
faithfully; there are mysterious signs and tokens in the tones of the
coloring and in the look of human faces, which the mind only seizes
through the sense of sight; and the poet is fain to record the tale
of the events which wrought the havoc to make their terrible ravages

The face spoke of cold and steady storm, an inward conflict between a
mother’s long-suffering and the limitations of our nature, for our human
affections are bounded by our humanity, and the infinite has no place
in finite creatures. Sorrow endured in silence had at last produced an
indefinable morbid something in this woman. Doubtless mental anguish had
reacted on the physical frame, and some disease, perhaps an aneurism,
was undermining Julie’s life. Deep-seated grief lies to all appearance
very quietly in the depths where it is conceived, yet, so still and
apparently dormant as it is, it ceaselessly corrodes the soul, like the
terrible acid which eats away crystal.

Two tears made their way down the Marquise’s cheeks; she rose to her
feet as if some thought more poignant than any that preceded it had cut
her to the quick. She had doubtless come to a conclusion as to Moina’s
future; and now, foreseeing clearly all the troubles in store for her
child, the sorrows of her own unhappy life had begun to weigh once
more upon her. The key of her position must be sought in her daughter’s

The Comte de Saint-Hereen had been away for nearly six months on a
political mission. The Countess, whether from sheer giddiness, or in
obedience to the countless instincts of woman’s coquetry, or to essay
its power--with all the vanity of a frivolous fine lady, all the
capricious waywardness of a child--was amusing herself, during her
husband’s absence, by playing with the passion of a clever but heartless
man, distracted (so he said) with love, the love that combines readily
with every petty social ambition of a self-conceited coxcomb. Mme.
d’Aiglemont, whose long experience had given her a knowledge of life,
and taught her to judge of men and to dread the world, watched the
course of this flirtation, and saw that it could only end in one way,
if her daughter should fall into the hands of an utterly unscrupulous
intriguer. How could it be other than a terrible thought for her that
her daughter listened willingly to this _roue_? Her darling stood on the
brink of a precipice, she felt horribly sure of it, yet dared not hold
her back. She was afraid of the Countess. She knew too that Moina would
not listen to her wise warnings; she knew that she had no influence
over that nature--iron for her, silken-soft for all others. Her mother’s
tenderness might have led her to sympathize with the troubles of a
passion called forth by the nobler qualities of a lover, but this was
no passion--it was coquetry, and the Marquise despised Alfred de
Vandenesse, knowing that he had entered upon this flirtation with Moina
as if it were a game of chess.

But if Alfred de Vandenesse made her shudder with disgust, she was
obliged--unhappy mother!--to conceal the strongest reason for her
loathing in the deepest recesses of her heart. She was on terms of
intimate friendship with the Marquis de Vandenesse, the young man’s
father; and this friendship, a respectable one in the eyes of the world,
excused the son’s constant presence in the house, he professing an old
attachment, dating from childhood, for Mme. de Saint-Hereen. More than
this, in vain did Mme. d’Aiglemont nerve herself to come between Moina
and Alfred de Vandenesse with a terrible word, knowing beforehand that
she should not succeed; knowing that the strong reason which ought to
separate them would carry no weight; that she should humiliate herself
vainly in her daughter’s eyes. Alfred was too corrupt; Moina too clever
to believe the revelation; the young Countess would turn it off and
treat it as a piece of maternal strategy. Mme. d’Aiglemont had built
her prison walls with her own hands; she had immured herself only to
see Moina’s happiness ruined thence before she died; she was to look on
helplessly at the ruin of the young life which had been her pride and
joy and comfort, a life a thousand times dearer to her than her
own. What words can describe anguish so hideous beyond belief, such
unfathomed depths of pain?

She waited for Moina to rise, with the impatience and sickening dread
of a doomed man, who longs to have done with life, and turns cold at the
thought of the headsman. She had braced herself for a last effort, but
perhaps the prospect of the certain failure of the attempt was less
dreadful to her than the fear of receiving yet again one of those
thrusts that went to her very heart--before that fear her courage ebbed
away. Her mother’s love had come to this. To love her child, to be
afraid of her, to shrink from the thought of the stab, yet to go
forward. So great is a mother’s affection in a loving nature, that
before it can fade away into indifference the mother herself must die
or find support in some great power without her, in religion or another
love. Since the Marquise rose that morning, her fatal memory had called
up before her some of those things, so slight to all appearance, that
make landmarks in a life. Sometimes, indeed, a whole tragedy grows out
of a single gesture; the tone in which a few words were spoken rends a
whole life in two; a glance into indifferent eyes is the deathblow of
the gladdest love; and, unhappily, such gestures and such words were
only too familiar to Mme. d’Aiglemont--she had met so many glances that
wound the soul. No, there was nothing in those memories to bid her hope.
On the contrary, everything went to show that Alfred had destroyed her
hold on her daughter’s heart, that the thought of her was now associated
with duty--not with gladness. In ways innumerable, in things that were
mere trifles in themselves, the Countess’ detestable conduct rose
up before her mother; and the Marquise, it may be, looked on Moina’s
undutifulness as a punishment, and found excuses for her daughter in the
will of Heaven, that so she still might adore the hand that smote her.

All these things passed through her memory that morning, and each
recollection wounded her afresh so sorely, that with a very little
additional pain her brimming cup of bitterness must have overflowed. A
cold look might kill her.

The little details of domestic life are difficult to paint; but one or
two perhaps will suffice to give an idea of the rest.

The Marquise d’Aiglemont, for instance, had grown rather deaf, but she
could never induce Moina to raise her voice for her. Once, with the
naivete of suffering, she had begged Moina to repeat some remark which
she had failed to catch, and Moina obeyed, but with so bad a grace, the
Mme. d’Aiglemont had never permitted herself to make her modest request
again. Ever since that day when Moina was talking or retailing a
piece of news, her mother was careful to come near to listen; but this
infirmity of deafness appeared to put the Countess out of patience,
and she would grumble thoughtlessly about it. This instance is one
from among very many that must have gone to the mother’s heart; and yet
nearly all of them might have escaped a close observer, they consisted
in faint shades of manner invisible to any but a woman’s eyes. Take
another example. Mme. d’Aiglemont happened to say one day that the
Princesse de Cadignan had called upon her. “Did she come to see _you_!”
 Moina exclaimed. That was all, but the Countess’ voice and manner
expressed surprise and well-bred contempt in semitones. Any heart,
still young and sensitive, might well have applauded the philanthropy of
savage tribes who kill off their old people when they grow too feeble
to cling to a strongly shaken bough. Mme. d’Aiglemont rose smiling, and
went away to weep alone.

Well-bred people, and women especially, only betray their feelings
by imperceptible touches; but those who can look back over their own
experience on such bruises as this mother’s heart received, know also
how the heart-strings vibrate to these light touches. Overcome by her
memories, Mme. d’Aiglemont recollected one of those microscopically
small things, so stinging and so painful was it that never till this
moment had she felt all the heartless contempt that lurked beneath

At the sound of shutters thrown back at her daughter’s windows, she
dried her tears, and hastened up the pathway by the railings. As she
went, it struck her that the gardener had been unusually careful to rake
the sand along the walk which had been neglected for some little time.
As she stood under her daughter’s windows, the shutters were hastily

“Moina, is it you?” she asked.

No answer.

The Marquise went on into the house.

“Mme. la Comtesse is in the little drawing-room,” said the maid, when
the Marquise asked whether Mme. de Saint-Hereen had finished dressing.

Mme. d’Aiglemont hurried to the little drawing-room; her heart was too
full, her brain too busy to notice matters so slight; but there on the
sofa sat the Countess in her loose morning-gown, her hair in disorder
under the cap tossed carelessly on he head, her feet thrust into
slippers. The key of her bedroom hung at her girdle. Her face, aglow
with color, bore traces of almost stormy thought.

“What makes people come in!” she cried, crossly. “Oh! it is you,
mother,” she interrupted herself, with a preoccupied look.

“Yes, child; it is your mother----”

Something in her tone turned those words into an outpouring of the
heart, the cry of some deep inward feeling, only to be described by the
word “holy.” So thoroughly in truth had she rehabilitated the sacred
character of a mother, that her daughter was impressed, and turned
towards her, with something of awe, uneasiness, and remorse in her
manner. The room was the furthest of a suite, and safe from indiscreet
intrusion, for no one could enter it without giving warning of approach
through the previous apartments. The Marquise closed the door.

“It is my duty, my child, to warn you in one of the most serious crises
in the lives of us women; you have perhaps reached it unconsciously, and
I am come to speak to you as a friend rather than as a mother. When you
married, you acquired freedom of action; you are only accountable to
your husband now; but I asserted my authority so little (perhaps I was
wrong), that I think I have a right to expect you to listen to me, for
once at least, in a critical position when you must need counsel. Bear
in mind, Moina that you are married to a man of high ability, a man of
whom you may well be proud, a man who--”

“I know what you are going to say, mother!” Moina broke in pettishly. “I
am to be lectured about Alfred--”

“Moina,” the Marquise said gravely, as she struggled with her tears,
“you would not guess at once if you did not feel--”

“What?” asked Moina, almost haughtily. “Why, really, mother--”

Mme. d’Aiglemont summoned up all her strength. “Moina,” she said, “you
must attend carefully to this that I ought to tell you--”

“I am attending,” returned the Countess, folding her arms, and affecting
insolent submission. “Permit me, mother, to ring for Pauline,” she added
with incredible self-possession; “I will send her away first.”

She rang the bell.

“My dear child, Pauline cannot possibly hear--”

“Mamma,” interrupted the Countess, with a gravity which must have struck
her mother as something unusual, “I must--”

She stopped short, for the woman was in the room.

“Pauline, go _yourself_ to Baudran’s, and ask why my hat has not yet
been sent.”

Then the Countess reseated herself and scrutinized her mother. The
Marquise, with a swelling heart and dry eyes, in painful agitation,
which none but a mother can fully understand, began to open Moina’s eyes
to the risk that she was running. But either the Countess felt hurt
and indignant at her mother’s suspicions of a son of the Marquis de
Vandenesse, or she was seized with a sudden fit of inexplicable levity
caused by the inexperience of youth. She took advantage of a pause.

“Mamma, I thought you were only jealous of _the father_--” she said,
with a forced laugh.

Mme. d’Aiglemont shut her eyes and bent her head at the words, with a
very faint, almost inaudible sigh. She looked up and out into space,
as if she felt the common overmastering impulse to appeal to God at the
great crises of our lives; then she looked at her daughter, and her eyes
were full of awful majesty and the expression of profound sorrow.

“My child,” she said, and her voice was hardly recognizable, “you have
been less merciful to your mother than he against whom she sinned; less
merciful than perhaps God Himself will be!”

Mme. d’Aiglemont rose; at the door she turned; but she saw nothing but
surprise in her daughter’s face. She went out. Scarcely had she reached
the garden when her strength failed her. There was a violent pain at her
heart, and she sank down on a bench. As her eyes wandered over the path,
she saw fresh marks on the path, a man’s footprints were distinctly
recognizable. It was too late, then, beyond a doubt. Now she began to
understand the reason for that order given to Pauline, and with these
torturing thoughts came a revelation more hateful than any that had
gone before it. She drew her own inferences--the son of the Marquis
de Vandenesse had destroyed all feeling of respect for her in her
daughter’s mind. The physical pain grew worse; by degrees she lost
consciousness, and sat like one asleep upon the garden-seat.

The Countess de Saint-Hereen, left to herself, thought that her mother
had given her a somewhat shrewd home-thrust, but a kiss and a few
attentions that evening would make all right again.

A shrill cry came from the garden. She leaned carelessly out, as
Pauline, not yet departed on her errand, called out for help, holding
the Marquise in her arms.

“Do not frighten my daughter!” those were the last words the mother

Moina saw them carry in a pale and lifeless form that struggled for
breath, and arms moving restlessly as in protest or effort to speak; and
overcome by the sight, Moina followed in silence, and helped to undress
her mother and lay her on her bed. The burden of her fault was greater
than she could bear. In that supreme hour she learned to know her
mother--too late, she could make no reparation now. She would have them
leave her alone with her mother; and when there was no one else in the
room, when she felt that the hand which had always been so tender for
her was now grown cold to her touch, she broke out into weeping. Her
tears aroused the Marquise; she could still look at her darling
Moina; and at the sound of sobbing, that seemed as if it must rend the
delicate, disheveled breast, could smile back at her daughter. That
smile taught the unnatural child that forgiveness is always to be found
in the great deep of a mother’s heart.

Servants on horseback had been dispatched at once for the physician and
surgeon and for Mme. d’Aiglemont’s grandchildren. Mme. d’Aiglemont the
younger and her little sons arrived with the medical men, a sufficiently
impressive, silent, and anxious little group, which the servants of the
house came to join. The young Marquise, hearing no sound, tapped gently
at the door. That signal, doubtless, roused Moina from her grief, for
she flung open the doors and stood before them. No words could have
spoken more plainly than that disheveled figure looking out with haggard
eyes upon the assembled family. Before that living picture of Remorse
the rest were dumb. It was easy to see that the Marquise’s feet were
stretched out stark and stiff with the agony of death; and Moina,
leaning against the door-frame, looking into their faces, spoke in a
hollow voice:

“I have lost my mother!”

PARIS, 1828-1844.


The following personages appear in other stories of the Human Comedy.

     Aiglemont, General, Marquis Victor d’
       At the Sign of the Cat and Racket
       The Firm of Nucingen

     Bonaparte, Napoleon
       The Vendetta
       The Gondreville Mystery
       Colonel Chabert
       Domestic Peace
       The Seamy Side of History

     Camps, Madame Octave de (nee Cadignan)
       Madame Firmiani
       The Government Clerks
       A Daughter of Eve
       The Member for Arcis

     Chatillonest, De
       Modeste Mignon

     Crottat, Alexandre
       Cesar Birotteau
       Colonel Chabert
       A Start in Life
       Cousin Pons

     Desroches (son)
       A Bachelor’s Establishment
       Colonel Chabert
       A Start in Life
       The Commission in Lunacy
       The Government Clerks
       A Distinguished Provincial at Paris
       Scenes from a Courtesan’s Life
       The Firm of Nucingen
       A Man of Business
       The Middle Classes

     Duroc, Gerard-Christophe-Michel
       The Gondreville Mystery

     Ronquerolles, Marquis de
       The Imaginary Mistress
       The Peasantry
       Ursule Mirouet
       Another Study of Woman
       The Thirteen
       The Member for Arcis

     Saint-Hereen, Comtesse Moina de
       A Daughter of Eve
       The Member for Arcis

     Serizy, Comtesse de
       A Start in Life
       The Thirteen
       Ursule Mirouet
       Scenes from a Courtesan’s Life
       Another Study of Woman
       The Imaginary Mistress

     Vandenesse, Marquis Charles de
       A Start in Life
       A Daughter of Eve

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