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Title: Cussons' Horncastle Compendium, 1837
Author: Cussons, D.
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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Transcribed from the 1837 edition by David Price, email ccx074@pglaf.org




On the north, Lincolnshire is bounded by the Humber, which separates it
from Yorkshire: the German Ocean and an arm of the sea called the Wash,
bound it on the East; on the South it abuts on Rutlandshire,
Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire, its general form is an irregular
oblong.  It is in the Province of Canterbury, the Diocese of Lincoln, and
in the Midland Circuit.

Lincolnshire being proverbially a County of Fens, has obtained a name for
an unhealthy climate, which, however, just it may have been in some parts
in bygone times, is now by no means applicable; for the causes of the
cold, damp and aguish character, have been for many years declining: the
progress of drainage, and a more complete cultivation, have gradually
contributed to render the air more dry, and consequently more healthy.
This remark may be made relative to all districts, which become more
salubrious in proportion as they are more cultivated; and more friendly
to human life, in proportion as the means of supporting human life are
increased in productiveness.  The centre of the County and the district
of the Trent is very healthy: the air on the coast is very salubrious,
and numbers flock to it every summer in search of health and relaxation.

There are two ranges of very high land running though the greater part of
the County from North to South: that in the East may be called
mountainous and is called the Wolds; the Western range, on which stands
the County Town, is called the Cliff; more westward still is a fine
extent of rich pasture, along which the Trent passes.

Eastward of the Wolds lies also an extensive tract of fine feeding land,
which is watered by overflowing springs; on boring the substratum of
clay, fine spring water gushes up, and in most places will rise ten feet
above the surface, if confined in a tube: these cheap artificial springs
are general, and many hundreds are continually running, contributing
greatly to the fertility and value of the land.

The fens form the most prominent feature of the County: where fully
cultivated and completely drained their produce is incredible; but it is
a subject of great regret, that no general system of drainage, including
every district which can be made to communicant with the sea, has yet
been effected: nothing short of one uniform and connected plan can be of
full avail: and so many apparently rival interests are at stake, and so
little real public spirit exists, notwithstanding that it is so much
boasted of, that such an universal plan is more to be wished for than
hoped for.

The soil of Lincolnshire is so various as to include all sorts of land
that are to be found in the whole kingdom, and its management varies

Rabbits have always been an article of great consideration and attention
in the light soils of this County, and immense warrens are kept for the
purpose of supplying London with the skins; this was once as profitable a
stock as could be attended to; but latterly many warrens have been laid
down to other put poses.

It is impossible to speak too highly of the cottage system of this
county.  Round Folkingham and other places, when inclosures took place,
during the late war, by the acts of parliament, at least three acres of
land were assigned to every cottage; this, of course includes a garden
and keep for a cow: thus land, gardens, cows and pigs, are within reach
of the labouring classes.  On views of humanity and benevolence only it
is gratifying to the considerate breast to see in comfortable
circumstances that class of people on which all other classes depend.

Population of Lincolnshire.

   Males       Females       Total
    158,717      158,527      317,244

Of which the following shows the larger numbers.

                                     Males       Females      Total
Lincoln, City                           5,644        6,199      11,843
Grantham, Borough, with the soke        5,216        5,564      10,780
Elloe, Wapentake                       15,193       14,121      29,314
Kirton, Wapentake                       7,469        7,308      14,777
Boston, Borough                         5,094        6,146      11,240
Bolingbroke, soke                       2,729        5,590      11,259
Bradley-Haverstoe, Wapentake            5,953        5,966      11,919
Calceworth, Hundred                     5,118        5,148      10,266
Corringham, Wapentake                   6,465        6,718      13,183
Louth Eske, Hundred                     6,904        7,123      14,027
Manley, Wapentake                      11,511       11,516      23,037
Yarborough, Wapentake                   9,660        9,819      19,497

Representation of Lincolnshire.

_For the two divisions of the county_.

Lindsey (_Lincoln_)                 2 Members
Kesteven and Holland (_Sleaford_)   2
               _City and Boroughs_
Lincoln                             2
Great Grimsby                       1
Boston                              2
Grantham                            2
Stamford                            2


Market-days are marked thus, M. Monday, Tu. Tuesday, &c.

_Alford_, Whit Tu. and Nov. 8.  Tu.

_Barton_, Trinity Thursday.  M.

_Belton_, Sept 25.

_Boston_, May 4 for sheep, 5 for beasts, Aug. 5 for fat cattle, Nov. 18,
19, 20, horse mart, Dec. 11 beast mart.  W. S.

_Bourn_, Sep. 30, Oct. 29.  S.

_Brigg_, Aug. 5.  Th.

_Burgh_, May 13, Oct. 2.  Th.

_Burwell_, Old Michaelmas day.

_Caistor_, Sat. before Palm Sunday, May 19, June 1, Sat. after Oct. 11.

_Corby_, Aug. 26, Mon. before Oct. 11.  W.

_Caythorpe_, April 29.

_Crowland_, June 28, Sep. 5.  Th.

_Crowle_, last Mon. in May, Nov. 22.  M.

_Donington_, May 26, Aug. 17, Sep. 4, and Oct. 17.  S.

_Epworth_, first Th. after May 1, Th. after Sep. 29.  S.

_Falkingham_, Ash Wed.  Palm Mon.  May 13, June 14, 15, July 3, 4, Th.
after old Mich.  Nov. 22.  Th.

_Gainsborough_, Mart Tu. in Easter week, fair-day after Tu. after Oct.
20.  Tu.

_Grantham_, 5th Mon. in Lent, Holy Th.  July 10, Oct. 26.  Dec. 17.  S.

_Grimsby_, June 17, Sep. 15.  F.

_Haxey_, July 6.

_Heckington_, Wed. before Lincoln April sheep fair, Oct. 10.

_Holbeach_, May 17, Sep. 17, Oct. 11.  Th.

_Horncastle_, Cattle mart 4th Th. in Lent, June 22, Aug. 21, Oct. 29.  S.

_Kirton_, July 18, Dec. 11.  S.

_Lincoln_, 1st Thurs. after 2nd Tu. in old April for sheep, Friday for
beasts, Mon. and Tu. (same week) for horses, July 5, 1st Wed. after 12th
Sep. 3 days, Nov. 28.  F.

_Louth_, 3rd Mon. after Easter Mon. Aug. 4, Old Martinmas day.  W. S.

_Long Sutton_, May 13, 14, Friday after Sep. 25th.  F.

_Ludford_, Aug. 2, Nov. 30.

_Market Deeping_, Oct. 11, last Wed. in July.  Th.

_Market Raisen_, Sep. 25.  Tu.

_Messingham_, Trinity Monday.  Th.

_Navenby_, Aug. 18, Oct. 17.

_New Bolingbroke_, July 10.  Tu.

_Partney_, Aug. 25, Sep. 18, 19, Oct. 18, 19.

_Saltfleet_, Oct. 3.  S.

_Scotter_, July 10.

_Sleaford_, Plow Mon.  Easter Mon.  Whit Mon.  Aug. 12, Oct. 20.  M.

_Spalding_, April 27, June 29, Aug. 28, Sep. 25.  Dec. 6.  Tu.

_Spilsby_, Mon. before Whit Mon. & Mon. after, 2nd Mon. after if in May,
1st Mon. after 12th July.  S.

_Spittle_, Nov. 22.

_Stamford_, Tues. before Feb. 13, Mon. before Midlent, Midlent Mon.  Mon.
before May 12, June 25, Aug. 5, Nov. 8.  M. F.

_Stockwith_, Sep. 4.

_Stow_, Oct. 10.

_Stow Green_, July 3, 4.

_Swaton_, Oct. 11.

_Swineshead_, 2nd Thurs. in June, Oct. 2 (cheese fair).  Th.

_Swinestead_, Monday after Oct. 11

_Tattershall_, May 15, Sep. 25, Th. fat stock market first Th. in Oct.,
and following weeks during the season.

_Tedford_, Mon. after Easter Mon.  Dec. 6

_Torksey_, Whit Monday.

_Wainfleet_, 3rd Sat. in May, July 5, Aug. 24, Oct. 24.  S.

_Winteringham_, July 14.

_Winterton_, July 5.

_Wragby_, Holy Thurs. Sept. 29.  Th.


Aberford, last Mon. in April and May, first Mon. in Oct., first Mon.
after Oct. 18, first Mon. after Nov. 2

Adwalton, Feb. 6, March 9, Easter Th. and every Th. fortnight after, till

Aldborough, September 4

Appletreewick, October 20, 27

Askrig, May 10, 17, first Thur. in June, October 28, 29

Astwick, Thur. before Whit Sun.

Barnsley, Wed. before Feb. 28, May 13, Oct. 11

Bawtry, Whit Thur., Nov. 22

Bedale, Easter Tu., Whit Tu., June 6, 7, July 5, 6, Oct. 11, 12, Dec. 13

Bentham, Jan. 25, June 22, Sat. in Easter week, October 25

Beverley, Thur. before Feb. 25, Holy Th., July 5, Nov. 5, principal
markets for cattle Wed. before April 6, Wed. before May 12, Wed. before
Sep. 14, Wed. after Dec. 25

Bingley, Jan. 25, Aug. 25, 26, 27

Black-Burton, Whit Monday

Bolton, June 28

Bradfield, June 17, Dec. 9

Boroughbridge, April 27, 28, June 22, 23, Oct. 23

Bradford, March 3, 4, June 17, 18, 19, Dec. 9, 10, 11

Brandsburton, May 14, Cattle Market every alternate Wed. commencing with
the principal stallion show the nearest Wed. to April 8

Brawby, first Mon. after July 11

Bridlington, Monday before Whit Sunday, Oct. 21

Brumpton, November 12

Cawood, May 13, Sep. 23

Clapham, September 21

Coxwold, August 25

Dewsbury, Wed. before May 13, Wed. before October 11

Doncaster, Mon. before Feb. 14, April 6, Aug. 5, Nov. 26

Easingwold, July 5, Sep. 25

Fordingham, July 10, Oct. 2

Gargrave, Dec. 11, 29

Grinton, Good Fri.  Dec. 21

Guisborough, last Tuesday in Mar. and April, third ditto in May, ditto in
Aug., ditto in Sep., 2nd Tues. in Nov.

Guisburn, Easter Monday, 2nd & fourth Monday after, Saturday after the
4th Mon., 5th Monday after Easter, September 18, 19

Halifax, June 24

Harewood, last Monday in April, 2nd Monday in October

Hawes, Whit Tues., Sep. 28

Haworth, July 22, Oct. 14

Hedon, Feb. 14, Aug. 2, Sep. 22, Nov. 17, Dec. 6.  A market every other
Monday in the year

Helmsley, May 19, July 16, Oct. 3, November 6

Holmsfirth, October 30

Hornsea, Aug. 13, Dec. 17

Howden, April 15, 16, 17, Sep. 25, and six following day (the great horse
fair) and every alternate Tuesday for cattle and horses

Huddersfield, March 31, May 14, October 4

Hull, Oct. 11

Hunmanby, May 3, Oct. 29

Ingleton, November 17

Keighly, May 8, Nov. 8

Kettlewell, July 6, Sep. 2

Kilham, Aug. 21, Nov. 12

Kirbymoorside, Whit Wednesday September 18

Kirk-Burton, last Mondays in April and October

Kirkham, Trinity Monday

Knaresborough, Wed. after Jan. 13, Wed. after March 12, May 6, Wed. after
Aug. 12, Tuesday after Oct. 11, Wed. after Dec. 10

Lee, Aug. 24, Sep. 17

Leads, July 10, 11, Nov. 8, 9

Leighton, Midsum day, June 24

Leyburn, 2nd Fridays in Feb., May, October and December

Little Driffield, Easter and Whit Mondays, Aug. 26, Sep. 19

Long Preston, March 1, Sep. 29

Malham, June 25, October 4

Malton, Monday before Palm Sunday, Whit Sunday eve, Oct. 11, 12

Masham, September 17, 18

Middleham, Easter and Whit Mondays, Nov. 5, 6

Moor Kirk, June 24

Northallerton, Feb. 14, May 5, Sep. 5, Oct. 3, 2nd Wed. in October

North Duffield, May 4

Otley, Aug. l, Nov. 15

Patrington, March 28, July 18, Dec. 6

Penniston, Thur. before Feb. 28, last Th. in March, Th. before May 12,
Th. after Oct. 11

Pickering, Mon. before Feb. 14, ditto before July 6, Sep. 25, Mon. before
Oct. 11

Pocklington, March 7, May 6, Aug. 5, Nov. 28, Show of Horses Feb. 24,
Dec. 7, 18

Pontefract, first Sat. after 20th day bef. Dec. 25, Feb. 5, first Sat.
aft Feb. 13, Sat. before Palm Sun., Low Sun. and Trinity Sun.
respectively, Sat. after Sep. 12, first Sat. in Dec.  The fortnight Fairs
are held on Saturdays after the York fortnight fairs

Reeth, Fri. before Palm Sun., 2nd Fri. before May 13, Fri. before Aug.
24, 2nd Fri. before Nov. 22

Richmond, Sat. after Candlemas, Sat. before Palm Sun., first Sat. in
July, Sep. 25

Ripley, Easter Mon. and Tu., Aug. 25, 26, 27

Ripon, Th. after Jan. 13, May 12, 13, first Th. in June, Th. after Aug.
22, Nov. 22

Rotherham, Whit Mon., Dec. 1

Scarborough, Holy Th., Nov. 22

Seamer, July 15

Sedburgh, March 10, Oct. 29

Selby, Easter Tu., June 29, Oct. 11

Settle, Tu. before Palm Sun., Thur. before Good Fri., and every other
Fri. till Whit Sun., April 26, Aug. 18 to 21, Tues. after Oct. 27

Sheffield, Trinity Tu., Nov. 28

Sherburn, Oct. 6

Skipton, March 23, Palm Sunday Eve, Easter Eve, first and third Tuesday
after Easter, Whit Sun. Eve, Aug. 5, Nov. 20, 22

Slaidburn, Feb. 14, April 15, Aug. l, Oct. 20

Snaith, last Th. in April, Aug. 10, first Friday in Sep.

South Cave, Trinity Mon., and Oct. 24 for cattle

Stokesley, Sat. before Trin. Sun.

Stamford Bridge, Dec. 1

Tadcaster, last Wednesdays in Apr., May and Oct.

Thirst, Shrove Mon., April 5, Aug. 3, 4, 5, Oct. 28, 29, Dec. 14

Thorne, Mon. Tu. and Wed. after June 11, same days after Oct. 11

Tollerton, Aug. 15

Topcliffe, July 17, 18

Wakefield, July 4, 5, Nov. 11, 12

Weighton, May 14, Sep. 25

Wetherby, Holy Th. Aug. 5, Oct. 11, Th. before Nov. 22

Whitgift, July 22

Yarm, Thur. before April 5, Holy Thur., Aug. 2, Oct. 19

York, principal fairs Whit Mon., July 10, Aug. 12, Nov. 22.  Principal
markets, every other Thur. in the year.  Principal Fairs for Horses, on
Mon. in the race week, and Mon. in the first whole Week before Dec. 25


Payable to Bearer, or to order, either on demand, or otherwise,      Exceeding 2 months
not exceeding 2 months after date, or 60 days after sight.           or 60 days after
                                                     _s._      _d._
Amounting to         £2  and not         £5 5s.         1         0      0      1      6
Exceeding        £5 5s.  and not             20         1         6      0      2      0
Exceeding            20  and not             30         2         0      0      2      6
Exceeding            30  and not             50         2         6      0      3      6
Exceeding            50  and not            100         3         6      0      4      6
Exceeding           100  and not            200         4         6      0      5      0


The Stamp to be provided by the party receiving the money, except when in
full of all demands, in which case it is to be paid for by the person
requiring such receipt.

Amounting to        £5  and not           £10  Three Pence.
Amounting to        10  and not            20  Six Pence.
Amounting to        20  and not            50  One Shilling.
Amounting to        50  and not           100  One Shilling and Six
Amounting to       100  and not           200  Two Shillings and
                                               Six Pence.

Where any sum therein expressed to be received in full of all demands,
Ten Shillings.


If the sum does not exceed              £50  One Pound
Above £50      and not exceeding        100  Thirty Shillings
Above 100      and not exceeding        200  Forty Shillings
Above 200      and not exceeding        300  Three Pounds
Above 300      and not exceeding        500  Four Pounds
Above 500      and not exceeding       1000  Five Pounds


            _Probates and administrations with Wills annexed_.

            Value of Effects.                   Duty
Above If           £20  and not            100      £0      10
                   100                     200       2       0
                   200                     300       5       0
                   300                     450       8       0
                   450                     600      11       0
                   600                     800      15       0
                   800                    1000      22       0
                  1000                    1500      30       0
                  1500                    2000      40       0
                  2000                    3000      50       0
                  3000                    4000      60       0

               _Duties on Legacies_—_value_ £20. _or more_.

                                                    per Centum
To Children, or their Descendants, or Ancestors               £1
To Brother, or Sister, or their Descendants                    3
To Uncle, or Aunt, or their Descendants                        5
To Great Uncle or Aunt, or their Descendants                   6
To all other Relations, or to Strangers                       10
Husband, Wife, and Royal Family pay no Legacy Duty.


For every inhabited dwelling house, containing:

Windows                          £       s.      d.
                              8       0      16       6
                              9       1       1       0
                             10       1       8       0
                             11       1      16       3
                             12       2       4       9
                             13       2      13       3
                             14       3       1       9
                             15       3      10       0
                             16       3      18       6
                             17       4       7       0
                             18       4      15       3
                             19       5       3       9
                             20       5      12       3
                             21       6       0       6
                             22       6       9       0
                             23       6      17       6
                             24       7       5       9
                             25       7      14       3
                             26       8       2       9
                             27       8      11       0
                             28       8      19       6
                             29       9       8       0
                             30       9      16       3
                             31      10       4       3
 And for every window above 180       0       1       6

_Rules for charging Windows_, _and Exemption_.

Every Window that exceeds 11 feet, by 4 feet 6 inches, to be charged at
two windows, except those so made before April 5, 1785, and those in
shops, warehouses, &c.

All sky-lights, windows in staircases, garrets, cellars, passages, and
all other parts of dwelling-houses, whether adjoining or not, are to be
charged.  Windows giving light to more than one room, to be charged as
separate windows, Windows in dwelling-houses, used solely for the purpose
of a manufactory, warehouses or workshops, and not having any
communication with the dwelling-house, are exempt; and also windows (not
exceeding three) in front shops and warehouses on the ground story,
though communicating with the dwelling-houses.


These Duties, as now consolidated, amount to 20s. for every Greyhound and
to 14s. for every Hound, Pointer, Setter, Spaniel, Lurcher, Terrier, or
Dog of any other denomination, to any person keeping more than one
Dog.—Any person inhabiting an assessed house, and keeping only one Dog,
of another description than the foregoing, is liable to the duty of
8s.—Persons compounding for their Hounds to be charged £36.


                                                     £    _s._    _d._
Agreements containing not more than 1080 words       1       0       0
Ditto containing more than 1080 words                1      15       0
And for every additional 1080 words, above the       1       5       0
first 1080, a further progressive duty of
Affidavits                                           0       2       6
Awards                                               1      15       0
Bills of Lading for Goods exported                   0       3       0
Bonds of Indemnity                                   1      15       0
Deeds                                                1      15       0
Inventories                                          1       5       0
Letters of Attorney                                  1      10       0


TOWNS                        FIRMS                    DRAW UPON
Boston            W. S.      Claypon, Garfit and      Masterman and
                             co.                      co.
Ditto                        H. and T. Gee            Roberts and co
Ditto                        Joint Stock Bank         Barclay and co.
Ditto                        National Provincial      Spooner and co.
Brigg             Th.        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Caistor           Tu.        Ditto                    Ditto
Falkingham        Th.        Holt and Kewney          Barclay and co.
Ditto                        Hardy, Turner and co.    Jones and co.
Gainsborough      Tu.        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Ditto                        Smith, Ellison and co.   Smith and co.
Grantham          S.         Holt and Kewney          Barclay and co.
Ditto                        Hardy, Turner and co.    Jones and co.
Holbeach          Th.        Gurneys, Peckover and    Barclay and co.
Horncastle        S.         Claypon, Garfit and      Masterman and
                             co.                      co.
Ditto                        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Lincoln           F.         Smith, Ellison and co.   Smith and co.
Ditto                        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Louth             W. S.      Claypon, Garfit and      Masterman and
                             co.                      co.
Ditto                        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Market-Rasen      Tu.        Smith, Ellison and co.   Smith and co.
Ditto                        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Sleaford          M.         Peacock and co.          Barnetts and
Spalding          Tu.        Claypon, Garfit and      Masterman and
                             co.                      co.
Ditto                        Joint Stock Bank         Barclay and co.
Spilby            M.         Claypon, Garfit and      Masterman and
                             co.                      co.
Ditto                        Lincoln and Lindsey      Prescott and
                             Stock                    co.
Stamord           M. F.      Eaton and co.            Masterman and
Ditto                        Joint Stock Bank         Barclay and co.


             Few men takes his ADVICE who talks a great deal.

And no wonder: for “he who knows but little, presently outs with it.”
And, though silence is not necessarily, not in itself a proof of good
judgment, excessive talkativeness shows a want of it.  The following is
an old Grecian adage, translated:—“Tongue! whither goest thou?  To build
a city and then to destroy it!” signifying, says Erasmus, that the tongue
affords great blessings to mankind, and that the same member becomes a
cause of dreadful mischief!  Our English poet, George Wither, who wrote
in 1634, observes in his emblems,

    No heart can think to what strange ends,
    The tongue’s unruly motion tends.

            In vain does he ask ADVICE who will not follow it.

“Few things,” says Dr. Johnson, “are so liberally bestowed, or squandered
with so little effect, as good advice!”

                         Well BEGUN is half done.

This ancient proverb is found in Horace; and there is one in Italian like
it.  The BEGINNING only is hard and costs dear.

We often have great reluctance in setting about an appointed task, the
apparent difficulty continuing to increase with delay; but once engaged
in it, we proceed with pleasure until it is completed.  It is the case in
those “trifles which make the sum of human beings.”  The young scholar
wants courage to set about his lesson in time; the friend, or man of
business, to answer a letter or acquire some point of useful information:
and to go higher in the application of the maxim, it tells us, that to
begin to do good leads on to continued improvement.  So the Italians say,
BEGIN _your web_, _and God will supply you with thread_!  Akin to this,
are two valuable proverbs, which chide us for indecision and needless
hesitation, _Procrastination is the thief of time_: and

    _To do what’s right make no delay_,
    _For life and time slide fast away_.

                    Birds of a feather flock together.

Persons of similar manners are fond of associating together; but the bad
particularly: indeed, when their characters are known, they cannot easily
get other companions.  Hence it is a saying,—

    _Tell me with whom thou goest_,
    _And I will tell thou what thou doest_!

_These who sleep with dogs rise up with fleas_.  _It is bad company that
brings men to the gallows_.  Burckhardt in his collection of Arabic
proverbs, gives the following remarkable one:—_He who introduces himself
between the onion and the peel_, _goes not forth without its strong
smell_.  But on the other hand we have in the Spanish, _Associate with
the_ GOOD, _and thou shall be esteemed one of them_.

One Bird in the Hand is worth two in the Bush; and the Italians say,
Better have an egg to-day than an hen to-morrow.  But this carries the
idea too far.  Ray, quotes another, which is much better.—

    _He that leaves certainty_, _and sticks to chance_,
    _When fools pipe_, _he may dance_.

This adage, like the fable of the dog and the shadow, advises us not to
part with what we actually possess, on the distant prospect of some
doubtful or uncertain profit.  It seems a kind of madness in any one who
has a competence, or is exercising with fair success any business or
profession, to hazard all in pursuit of some new scheme, which, however
promising in appearance, may fail and involve him in ruin.  And yet how
many are the victims of this!  How many instances in our own country do
the records of the year 1825 supply.

_London Post-Office_.

THE ordinary business of each day is, in letters in the inland office
alone, 35,000 letters received, and 40,000 sent (23,475,000 annually);
exclusive of the numbers in the foreign office department and the
ship-letter office, and altogether independent of the two-penny post.
The number of newspapers daily varies from 25,000 to 60,000 (on Saturday
40,000, and on Monday 50,000), of which number about 20,000 an put into
the office ten minutes before six o’clock.  After that hour each
newspaper is charged one half-penny, which yields a revenue of fully
£1,000 a year, and of which 240,000 newspapers are annually put into the
office from six to a quarter before eight o’clock.  The revenue derived
from charges for early delivery in London is £4 000, and the sum obtained
by the charges of _one penny_ on each letter given to the postmen, who go
round with bells to collect the letters, is £3,000 a year, giving
720,000, or pearls 2,000 daily.  The revenue of London is 6,000 a week,
above £300,000 a year; and yet of all this vast annual revenue there has
only been lost by defaulters £200 in twenty-five years.  The franks
amount in a morning to 4,000 or 5,000, or more.  Newspapers can only be
franked for foreign parts to the first port at which the mail arrives;
after this they are charged postage according to their weight, in
consequence of which an English daily paper costs in St. Petersburgh £40
sterling per annum.


Every one that flatters thee        But if fortune once do frown,
Is no friend in misery.             Then farewell his great renown:
Words are easy, like the wind,      They that fawned on him before,
Faithful friends are hard to        Use his company no more.
find.                               He that is thy friend indeed,
Every man will be thy friend        He will help thee in thy need.
While thou hast wherewith to        If thou sorrow, he will weep;
spend                               If thou wake he cannot sleep.
But if store of crowns be scant,    Thus of every grief in heart,
No man will supply thy want.        He with thee doth bear a part.
If that one be prodigal,            These are certain signs to know
Bountiful they will him call.       Faithful friend from flattering
If he be addict to vice,            foe.
Quickly him they will entice.


Cure for Drunkenness.—A man in Maryland, notoriously addicted to this
vice, hearing an uproar in his kitchen one evening, had the curiosity to
stop without noise to the door, to know what was the matter, when he
beheld his servants indulging in the most unbounded roar of laughter at a
couple of his negro boys who were mimicking himself in his drunken fits;
showing how he reeled and staggered,—how he looked and nodded, and
hiccupped and tumbled.  The picture which these children of nature drew
of him, and which had filled the rest with so much merriment, struck him
so forcibly, that he became a perfect sober man, to the unspeakable joy
of his wife and children.

Mr. Locke was asked how he contrived to accumulate a mine of knowledge so
rich, yet so extensive and deep.  He replied, that he attributed what
little he knew, to the not having been ashamed to ask for information;
and to the rule he had laid down, of conversing with all descriptions of
men, on those topics chiefly that formed their own peculiar professions
or pursuits.

Punctuality.—Mr. Scott of Exeter, travelled on business till about 80
years of age.  He was one of the most celebrated characters in the
kingdom for punctuality, and by his methodical conduct, joined to uniform
diligence, he gradually amassed a large fortune.  For a long series of
years, the proprietors of every inn he frequented in Devon and Cornwall,
knew the very day and hour he would arrive.  A short time before he died,
a gentleman on a journey in Cornwall stopped at a small inn at Port Isaac
to dine.  The waiter presented him with a bill of fare, which he did not
approve of, but observing a fine duck roasting.  “I’ll have that,” said
the traveller.  “You cannot sir,” said the landlord, “it is for Mr. Scott
of Exeter.”  “I know Mr. Scott of Exeter very well,” rejoined the
gentlemen, “he is not in your house.”  “True,” replied the landlord,
“_but six months ago_, _when he was here last_, _he ordered a duck_ to be
ready for him this day, precisely at two o’clock;” and to the
astonishment of the traveller, he saw the old gentleman jogging into the
inn-yard about five minutes before the appointed time.

Advantages of Activity.—As animal power is exhausted exactly in
proportion to the time during which it is acting, as well as in
proportion to the intensity of force exerted, there may often be a great
saving of it by doing work quickly, although with a little more exertion
during the time.  Suppose two men of equal weight to ascend the same
stair, one of whom takes only a minute to reach the top, and the other
takes four minutes, it will cost the first little more than a fourth part
of the fatigue which it costs the second, because the exhaustion is in
proportion to the time during which the muscles are acting.  The quick
mover may have exerted perhaps one-twentieth more force in the first
instant to give his body the greater velocity, which was afterwards
continued, but the slow supported his load four times as long.

Capability greater than Performance.—Men are often capable of greater
things than they perform.  They are sent into the world with bills of
credit, and seldom draw to their full extent.


The readiest method to cure simple chaps is to wash them with barley
water, and apply the following mixture of prepared tutty and olive oil,
of each equal parts.


Rough and course hands are very unhandsome; the following compound will
always preserve them smooth: mix 4 oz. of fresh hog’s lard that has been
well washed in common water with the yolks of 2 new laid eggs, and a
large spoonful of honey; add as much fine oat-meal as to work the whole
into paste.


Women of sanguine complexion and habit have frequently hair growing on
their chin, which is very unseemly.  To extirpate this, use dulcified
spirit of salt on the part, and rub it gently with a linen cloth; this
will effectually kill the roots of the hair, and at the end of a week
they wither, and fall away.


Acids of every denomination are unfriendly to the teeth; and by frequent
use will destroy the enamel; the following mixture not only whitens, but
tends to preserve them.  Take Peruvian bark, 2 oz. charcoal, half an oz.
Armenian bole, 1 oz. mix them altogether in a mortar.  If the teeth are
washed, take a piece of wood like a butcher’s skewer, made soft at the
end, cover it with linen, dip it them in the above ponder, and apply it
to the decayed part.


Equal parts of camomile water and white wine, as warm as can be borne,
this for a few weeks will make a considerable change in the akin.


A constant attendant upon the scurvy of the gums, and putrefied matter
lodged in the hollow teeth; the following gargle stands in high esteem.
Take 2 oz. of cinnamon, 6 drams of cloves, 6 oz. of Florentine orris
root, nutmeg and mace: bruise them and macerate them in a quart of
spirits of wine or French brandy, during 48 hours; when used, let it be
diluted with water.

Or, chew at night a small piece of gum myrrh; or chew night and morning a
clove, or a piece of orris root, about the size of a bean; or rub the
teeth with a piece of rag dipped in the spirits of vinegar.


When meat, fish, &c., from intense heat, or long keeping, are likely to
pass into a state of corruption, a simple and pure mode of keeping them
sound and healthful is by putting a few pieces of charcoal, each about
the size of an egg, into a pot or saucepan wherein the meat or fish is to
be boiled.  Among others, an experiment of this kind was tried on a
turbot, which appeared to be too far gone to be eatable; the cook, as
advised, put four pieces of charcoal under the strainer of the fish
kettle; after boiling the proper time, the turbot came to the table sweet
and firm.



DEFORMITIES as of the skin are generally the consequences of a
distempered blood thrown upon it.  Promoting the ordinary discharges, and
rectifying the skin by proper washes, is the only way to get rid of such
disorders.  When, therefore, any lotion is employed on the skin, the
person must always take care that some other emunctuary may be in
readiness, to discharge what to lessened by the application of the
external medicine.  Diuretics are allowed by all to be the best
auxiliaries to cosmetics, and it is hardly safe to use one without the
other.  We will first notice


This deformity consists in a redness of the face, attended with
inflammatory pustules, the causes of which are commonly attributed to an
acrid, thick blood, that swells and corrodes the small vessels; to clear
which, the mass of blood must be sweetened and diluted with proper

For this purpose, infuse 4 oz. of mustard seed in a quart of while wine,
and after 3 or 4 days, drink a wine glass full of it every morning
filling up the phial as long as the seed gives any strength.—Or boil 3
spoonsful of mustard seed in a quart of milk, take off the curd, and keep
the whey for use.  This remedy is an excellent diuretic, and a cordial
for the nerves, but it differs from the first in quality.  Take half a
wine glass full every morning.

Among all the lotions, and the best to use with the above diuretic, is a
pimpernel water, which is so sovereign a beautifier of the complexion as
to deserve a place on every lady’s toilet.  It is prepared by only
infusing half a handful of this herb in a quart of water, letting it
stand all night.  It may be used a little warm, but not hot.  If not
sufficiently powerful to remove the pimples, take camphor rubbed fine in
a mortar, put upon it, a little at a time, 1 ounce of the juice of
lemons, when dissolved, add 1 pint of white wine.  This is a very good
lotion for spots and flushings: it may be used with the greatest safety.


Dissolve the powder of burnt alum in the juice of lemon: wet the place
with it, and dry it with the back of a spoon, in the fore part of which
put a live coal; and in doing it 5 or 6 times, the iron moulds will be
washed out.


Dissolve a little sal-ammoniac in urine: boil your soiled gold therein,
and it will become clean and brilliant.


Take sopwort (a herb of that name), bruise it, and strain out the juice;
add a little black soap, and mix them well to a moderate thickness; rub
it over the stained or spotted place; warm it gradually before the fire,
and the stains will rub out with the hand.


Many causes may contribute to this defect, particularly severe colds,
breathing an air too full of dust, &c., too much speaking or singing, or
being too much exposed to the air, on quitting convivial meetings and
other entertainments of jollity.

To remove this defect, drink freely of barley and liquorice water, eat
black currant jelly, and gargle the mouth twice or thrice every morning
with the syrup of hedge mustard, diluted in a glass of milk or warm

It is certainly very mortifying to a lady to have a masculine voice, and
yet it is a very frequent circumstance.  As a means of contracting the
larynx, the extra wideness of which is the cause, you must drink nothing
hot; frequently drink lemonade, water acidulated with verjuice, oranges,
&c., and gargle the throat every morning with equal parts of verjuice and


Take a handful of red sage leaves, simmer them 2 minutes in a third of a
pint of water, strain the liquor off; when cold add an equal quantity of
vinegar, and sweeten it with honey.  These receipts are best for general
purposes, and may be used with perfect safety, and generally with the
happiest effect.


Mix vinegar and treacle in equal quantities, let a teaspoonful be taken
occasionally, when the cough is troublesome.  This is a receipt of the
excellent Dr. James, of Carlisle.


Half an oz. of cream of tarter, half a dram of cochineal, quarter pound
of sulphuric acid.  The above mixed with a quart of water, and when
wanted to use, mix a little Bath brick with the liquid, to the
consistency of paste; and apply it to the iron or brass with wash


Get a sixpenny packet of Winton’s Compound Mixture, (it may be had of any
medicine vender), and mix it with a little butter or lard, and scatter it
where the vermin resort.  Whole parishes have been entirely cleared of
them by the above, when it has been generally used.


This plaster will always give relief, and frequently remove them: 1 oz.
of Venice turpentine, the yolks of 2 eggs, 2 drams of mercurial plaster,
half an oz. of yellow wax; the turpentine and wax must be melted
together; mix the other ingredients when fluid.  Or, take equal
quantities of roasted onion and soft water, beat them together, and apply
them as a poultice.  This application will instantly appease the pain of
the corn.


Take 4 oz. of ivory black, 3 oz. of the coarsest moist sugar, a table
spoonful of sweet oil, and a pint of small beer, with half a spoonful of
the oil of vitrol; mix them gradually, cold.


Ceplinile snuff in a general way remove the afflicting pain of the head
ache.  One scruple of turpeth mineral, half a dram of powdered ginger, 1
scruple of powdered nutmeg, 3 drops of oil of rosemary, well mixed, and
snuffed up the nose.


Take a lump of white copperas about the size of a pea, put it in a small
phial that contains about 2 ounces of water, carry this in the pocket,
and occasionally taking out the cork, turn the phial on the finger’s end,
and thus bathe the eyes.  This will positively effect a cure in a short


Is a very painful and well-known complaint, arising sometimes from cold,
and frequently from a very acrid blood which stimulates the delicate
vessels of the eye, swelling and inflaming them.  The following eye
waters are very good to cool sharp, hot humours, they may be readily
prepared, and will more effectually answer their end if assisted by the
use of diuretics at the same time.  First, calaminaris levigated, half a
dram, rose water, 2 oz.—Second, take white vitrol, 15 grains, rose water,
2 oz.—With either of these, the eyes may be washed at discretion, in all
hot defluctions; but when the sight decays from dryness, or a defect in
the optic nerve, such things can avail but little.—When a poultice is
necessary, you may take half a pint of the decoction of linseed, and as
much flour of linseed as is sufficient to make it a proper consistency.
This poultice is preferable to bread and milk for sore eyes, it will not
grow sour nor acid.  In corroboration of the above, we give a letter to
the editor of the Mechanics’ Magazine, page 95, vol. I.

    “Sir,—Reading your miscellany to a friend, a cure for weak eyes, he
    had recourse to your receipt, and was cured in a short time, though
    he had previously spent much money without getting relief from the
    faculty.  I hope your readers who may be in a similar situation, will
    follow the example.”


This ointment has never yet failed to give relief; yellow basilicon 3
ounces turpentine 1½ ounce.


Mix ¾ of an oz. of fine powdered senna, ½ an oz. of the flour of
brimstone, ¼ of an oz. of powdered ginger, in 4 oz. of clarified honey.
Take about the size of a nutmeg every night and morning for five
successive days, afterwards, once a week for some time, and finally once
a fortnight.


One ounce and a half of well-bruised ginger, 1 ounce of cream of tartar,
1 sliced lemon, 1 pound of white sugar.  Put these ingredients into an
earthen vessel, and pour upon them a gallon of water, boiling; when cold,
add a table spoonful of yeast, and let the whole stand till next morning;
then skim and bottle it; keep it three days in a cool place it will then
be fit for use.


A country woman carrying eggs to a garrison, where she had three guards
to pass, sold at the first half the number she had, and half an egg more;
at the second, the half of what remained, and half an egg more; and at
the third, the half of the remainder and half an egg more; when she
arrived at the market-place, she had three dozen still to sell, how was
this possible, without breaking any of the eggs?

_Solution_.—The possibility of this problem will be evident when it is
considered, that by taking the greater half of an odd number, we take the
exact half—½.  It will he found therefore, that the woman, before she
passed the last guard, had 73 eggs remaining, for by selling 37 of them
at that guard which is the half—½, she would have 36 remaining.  In the
like manner, before she came to the second guards she had 147; and before
she came to the first, 295.

Two Greeks dicing together, one provided five dishes, the other three.  A
stranger happened to pop in, and requested to join them.  On his
departure, he gave the Greek who had provided five dishes _five_
shillings, and to the other who had furnished three dishes, _three_
shillings; but the latter was dissatisfied, and had the matter referred
to Solon, who instantly decided that the Greek who had provided five
dishes should have _seven_ shillings, and he who furnished the three
dishes should receive but _one_ shilling.

_Solution_.—Each Greek paid eight shillings, which are twenty-four
shillings for eight dishes, or three shillings per dish.  The one who
provided five being fifteen shillings out of pocket, had a right to have
seven shillings refunded to him, which left him eight shillings, his

   When first the marriage knot was tied, betwixt my love and me,
   My age did then her’s exceed us three times three doth three.
   But when we ten and half ten years we man and wife had been,
   Her age came up as near to mine, as eight is to sixteen.

Solution.—The man was 45, the woman was 15.


                                         From                       To
                                    £.    _s._    _d._      £.    _s._        _d._
Travelling expences per mile         0       1       0       0       7           0
one way
Journeymen, labourers, &c.,          0       5       0       0      15           0
while detained, per day
Tradesmen, yeomen, farmers,          0      10       0       0      15           0
while detained, per day
Merchants, gentlemen,                1       1  0       altogether.
auctioneers, clerks if
residing in London, and the
trial be there
If at assizes                        1       1  0       per day.
Professional men from                1       1       0      £2       2       0 per
Attornies’ clerks                    0      15       0       1       0           0
Families, according to rank          0       5       0       1       0           0


The _Pelham_ arrives at the Bull Inn, Horncastle, from Boston, every
morning, (Sundays excepted) at 8 o’clock; proceeds at half-past to New
Holland and Hull: returns to Horncastle at half-past 6, and proceeds to
Boston immediately.

The _Defiance_ arrives at the George Inn Horncastle, from Louth, every
morning (Sundays excepted) at half-past 8 o’clock; proceeds at 9 to
Lincoln: returns in the afternoon at 6, and proceeds immediately to

The _Mail Cart_ leaves the Post Office Horncastle, for the North, every
evening at half-past 6, and returns the following day at 2 in the
afternoon:—the _Mail_ from the South, arrives at 11 o’clock in the
morning, and leaves at half-past 2 in the afternoon:—the _Letter Bags_
from Conningsby and Tattershall, arrive by a foot-post at 11 in the
morning, are dispatched at half-past 1 in the afternoon.

Read’s Packet leaves Horncastle every Tuesday morning, for Boston, at 7
o’clock, where it arrives in the evening; leaves Boston the following
Friday morning at the same hour, and arrives at Horncastle a the evening.

Slack’s Packet leaves Horncastle every Tuesday morning at 7 o’clock, for
Lincoln, where it arrives in the evening; and returns the following
Saturday morning at 7.

Riggall’s Sociable leaves the Maid’s Head’s, every morning at 8, for
Kirkstead, where it meets the Boston and Lincoln Packets; and returns to
Horncastle, at 3 in the afternoon.

Clays Fly Waggon leaves Horncastle for New Holland every Monday noon,
passing through Wragby, Rasen and Caistor, arrives at Hull on Tuesday,
and returns to Horncastle on Thursdays.

Fletcher, Day, Mower and Thompson’s Carts leave their respective houses,
every Monday, for Spilsby, and return in the evening.

Day’s Fly Waggon leaves his house every Wednesday morning at 7 o’clock,
for Louth, and returns in the evening.

Mower’s Waggon leaves his house for Louth, every Wednesday morning, and
returns in the evening; leaves Horncastle for Boston, every Friday
morning, and returns on Saturday.

Roberts’ Cart leaves Horncastle for Alford Market, on Tuesday morning,
and returns in the evening.

Edwards’ Cast from Sleaford, arrives at the George Inn, every Friday
afternoon, and returns on Saturday.

Thompson’s Cart leaves has house Boston Road, for Lincoln, every Thursday
evening, and returns the following night; for Alford every Tuesday
morning, and returns at night.

Fletcher’s Cart leaves his house Horncastle, every Tuesday and Friday,
for Boston, and returns on the following evenings.

Carriers Carts which regularly attend Horncastle Saturday’s Market.

    Towns and Villages.         Carriers.      Inns at Horncastle.
Alford                       _Reed_           Red Lion
Alford                       _Trolley_        George
Barkwith                     _Porter_         George
Belchford                    _Sutton_         Rodney
Bardney                      _Dennis_         Maid’s Heads
Benneworth                   _Wass_           Fighting Cocks
Bucknall                     _Pilson_         Fighting Cocks
Conningsby and Tattershall   _Cooling_        Maid’s Heads
Conningsby and Tattershall   _Sharpe_         Red Lion
Goulceby                     _Tomlinson_      Maid’s Heads
Goulceby                     _Vester_         Rodney
Kirkby                       _Wold_           Maid’s Heads
Kirkstead                    _Lewis_          White Hart
Louth                        _Cash_           Maid’s Heads
Mareham-le-fen               _Codd_           Maid’s Heads
Martin                       _Cawden_         Fighting Cocks
Minting                      _Cartwright_     Black Horse
Minting                      _Addleshaw_      White Hart
Minting                      _Danby_          White Hart
New Bolingbroke              _Newman_         Maid’s Heads
New Bolingbroke              _Wood_           Maid’s Heads
Old Bolingbroke              _Marshall_       Maid’s Heads
Scamblesby                   _Smith_          Rodney
Scamblesby                   _Parish_         Red Lion
Somersby                     _Hewitt_         George
Spilsby                      _Sargeant_       Red Lion
Spilsby                      _Widle_          Maid’s Heads
Spilsby                      _Lilley_         George
Stixwold                     _Warrington_     Black Horse
Tetford                      _Stevens_        Greyhound
Tetford                      _Brackenbury_    Royal Oak
Wragby and Lincoln           _Silvester_      Black Horse
Wragby and Lincoln           _Dawkins_        George
Wragby and Lincoln           _Sandal_         Maid’s Heads

*** _Carriers are requested to inform D. Cussons when they change Inns_,
_time of starting_, _&c._, _in order to have them inserted right in the
next year’s almanack_.


                                                            JANUARY, 1837.

   _Periodicals delivered in Horncastle on the First day in the Month_.

                       WEEKLY PARCELS FROM LONDON:

     Orders up to Saturday Night, for any Works of Music not on hand,
           will ensure the delivery on the following Wednesday.

                                                            s.      d.
ABBOTT’S Child at Home,—Mother at Home—Fire                  1       0
Side—Young Christian—Corner Stone, each
— Parential Duties, and Golden Rules of Life                 1       0
Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, and Life of                   4       0
Selkirk, boards,
Affection’s Gift, figured boards, gilt edges                 2       0
All for Love, and the Pilgrim of Compostella,                2       0
by Southey
Amaranth, suitable for a new year’s gift,                    3       6
roan, gilt edges
ANNUALS for 1837, a great variety, from 4s.                 21       0
6d. to
Annual Poesy, figured boards, gilt edges                     2       0
Angelo’s Reminiscences, best edition,                        4       6
half-calf, 8vo.
ANNUAL REGISTER, from 1774 to 81, 1786 to 89,               36       0
calf, 12 vols.
Antwerp and its Siege, in 1832, half cloth                   2       6
Anxious Enquirer                                             1       6
Art of Being Happy, by B. H. Draper, embossed                4       6
roan, gt. edges
Art of Confectionary, cloth                                  1       0
Æsop’s Fables, plates, sheep                                 3       6
Barbauld’s Hymns, 6d.  Evenings at Home,                     4       0
— Lessons, neat edition, half roan                           2       6
Bard: a selection of Poetry, silk, gilt edges                4       0
Baxter’s Saints’ Everlasting Rest                            3       0
Beauties of the British Poets, extra cloth,                  7       6
Beauties of the Prose Works of Southey 3s.                   3       6
6d.  Poetical Works
Beaufoy’s Guide for True Pilgrims                            1       6
BIBLES, various sizes and bindings, elegant
and plain
Biscuit Baker’s and Pastry Cook’s Assistant                  1       0
Blair’s Sermons complete in one vol., 8vo.                   6       6
6s. 6d.  Lectures
Bloomfield’s Farmer’s Boy, &c. cloth, gilt                   1       6
— Poetical Works, boards                                     2       0
Bogatzky’s Golden Treasury for the Children                  2       0
of God, new edit
Book of Fate, or Oracle of Human Destiny,                    2       6
Book of Private Prayer and Devotion                          2       6
Boy’s Own Book, with numerous plates and                     8       6
cuts, extra boards
Bransby’s School Anthology, green roan                       5       0
British Critic, vols. 12 to 17, 6 vols.                      6       0
half-calf, 8vo.
Bridal Gift, a selection of Poetry, 2s.                      3       6
Embossed roan, gilt
Brookes’s Apples of Gold                                     1       0
BROWN’S SELF-INTERPRETING BIBLE, new edition,               28       0
maps, 4to
— bound in calf                                             34       0
— Diamond Concordance of the Scriptures                      2       0
— Dictionary of the Bible, thick 12mo.                      10       0
Brooks’s Gazetteer, neat calf, 8vo.                          8       6
Buchan’s Domestic Medicine, 8vo.                             7       6
BUFFONS’ NATURAL HISTORY, by Wright, a new                  24       0
and greatly improved edition, 446 cuts, 4
vols. royal 18mo.
Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress, new edit. 18mo.                 6       0
2s. plates, 8vo.
— Barren Fig Tree, 1s.  Holy War                             5       0
— Grace abounding to the Chief of Sinners                    1       0
Burn’s Poetical Works, 18mo. with engravings                 6       0
— Songs, with Life and Glossary                              1       6
Burkitt’s Exposition of the New Testament,                  20       0
Byron’s Don Juan, foolscap, 3s. 6d. 32mo.                    2       6
— Miscellaneous Works, containing Hours of                   8       0
Idleness, English Bards and Scotch Reviewers,
Hints from Horace, Curse of Minerva, Waltz,
Age of Bronze, Vision, &c., 2 vols.
Byron’s Life by Galt, 12mo. cloth                            4       6
Caroline Mordaunt, by Mrs. Sherwood, roan                    4       6
embossed gt. edge
CALMET’S DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE, by Taylor,                24       0
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Childs Own Book, greatly improved, 3rd. ed.                  7       6
with illustrations
Child’s (Mrs.) Girl’s Own Book, with 144 wood                4       6
— Mother’s Book, gilt edges, 4s. 6d.  Story                  3       0
Book, 26 cuts
Children’s Books, a great variety, from one
penny upwards
Christian Bard, a selection of Sacred Poetry                 3       0
Churchill’s Poems, 2 vols. 8vo. calf                         4       0
Clarke on the Promises of Scripture                          1       6
CLARKE’S (Dr. ADAM) COMMENTARY ON THE HOLY      £5           5       0
SCRIPTURES, a new and beautiful edition,
elegantly bound in cloth and lettered, 6
vols. imperial 8vo.
— Works, fcap. in monthly vols.                              6       0
Cobbett’s Legacy to Parsons, 1s. 6d. to                      1       4
Labourers, 1s. 4d. to Peel
Clater’s Cattle Doctor, new edition, 6s.                     6       0
Farriery, 6s.
Cookery Books in great variety from 6d. to                  10       6
Collection of Prayers for Families                           1       0
Complete Letter Writer, 2s. 6d.  Modern                      2       6
letter Writer, 1s. &
Contributions for Youth, extra boards, plates                4       6
COWPER’S LIFE AND WORKS, by Grimshawe, 8                    40       0
vols. 8vo. fcp
— by Southey, 12 vols. 8vo. fcp.                            60       0
— Poetical Works, with Life                                  4       0
Conversations at the Work Table by a Mother                  3       6
Crabb’s Dictionary of General Knowledge, last                9       0
edit. 580 cuts
CRUDEN’S CONCORDANCE of the Old and New                     13       6
Cyclopædia of 1000 popular Songs                             5       0
Doddridges Rise and Progress 2s. 6d.                        21       0
Expositor, imperial 8vo.
Dodd’s Reflections on Death, 4s.  Beauties of                3       6
Dolby’s Cook’s Dictionary, and Housekeeper’s                 7       6
Elegant Extracts, Epistles, royal 8vo.                      10       6
English History made Easy, on a popular plan,                3       6
many plates
Evenings at Home, by Mrs. Barbauld and Dr.                   4       0
Evergreen, a selection, of Poetry, embossed                  3       6
roan, gilt edges
Falconer’s Shipwreck, and other Poems, cloth,                1       6
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Fisher’s Young Man’s Best Companion, bound                   3       0
FLEETWOOD’S LIFE OF CHRIST, with Lives of the               18       0
Apostles and Evangelists, 9 engravings, 4to.
cloth bds. beautiful edit.
— second hand, 4to. sheep                                    6       6
Fool of Quality, or History of Henry Earl of                 4       6
Forsyth’s Dictionary of Diet, second edition,                6       6
post 8vo.
Frank and his Father, by B. H. Draper,                       4       6
embossed roan, gilt ed.
Gay’s Fables, 109 engravings, best edition,                  3       0
Goldsmith’s Poetical Works, with a sketch of                 5       6
his Life
— Vicar of Wakefield, 4s.  Poems                             1       6
— History of the Earth and Animated Nature, 9                9       0
Graham’s Modern Domestic Medicine, last                     16       0
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WHAT ARE THE OBJECTS OF SUCH MISSIONS?  Are they not to make known the
glorious Gospel of the blessed God; to institute Christian Schools; to
erect places of Christian worship; to collect Christian societies; and
thus to banish Pagan ignorance, Pagan vices, and Pagan cruelties, from
the earth?

VARIOUS PARTS OF THE HEATHEN WORLD?—This is indisputable.  Many in Asia,
Africa, America, Australasia, and Polynesia, no longer worship idols; no
longer destroy each other.  Many mothers no more cast their children to
the crocodiles, or drown them in rivers.  Many aged and sick persons, who
would have been cast out into the woods in age and infirmity, are now
cherished by their children.  Many thousands of children, in the
different Mission Schools in India, Africa, the South-Sea inlands, and
other places, are now reading the word of God, worshipping our Saviour,
and singing his praises; who would otherwise have been trained up in
idolatry, and all its polluting and degrading superstitions.  Many adults
have been brought to the knowledge of Christ; and many have died in peace
and in the hope of heaven, whose sun would otherwise have set amid the
dark and lowering clouds of Heathenism.  Finally, the work, though in
some places feeble, has been begun; it is spreading its enlightening and
sanctifying influence among surrounding millions; and it exhibits to our
faith and hope the dawn of the universal salvation.

ARE YOU A MAN?—Do you not then shudder at the miseries, and oppressions,
and murders, which Heathenism is daily practising, and which Christianity
brings to an end wherever it prevails?  On the principle of common
humanity and sympathy, you will then surely feel an interest in Missions,
nor suffer the cry of slaughtered widows and children, and the voice of
distress, pouring out its wailings from all lands, to reach your ears in

ARE YOU A BRITON?  Think of the vastness of the British Empire,
comprising, at a low calculation, upwards of a HUNDRED MILLIONS of
subjects, most of whom are Pagan idolaters.  Why has Providence given us
power, but to employ it so that, wherever it is felt, “mankind may feel
our mercy too?”  Shall we enjoy the advantages of that extensive commerce
which so vast an empire gives to us; shall we revel in the luxuries of
the West and of the East; shall we turn every colony to gain? and shall
we neglect the souls of our fellow-subject?  If we do so, we cannot be
guiltless before Him who governs the world, and who will bless our
blessings, or wither them, as we are faithful or unfaithful to the
behests of His Providence.  As a Briton, therefore, you are bound to
support Missions, and by them to fill the whole empire with the blessings
of that Christianity we enjoy at home.

Saviour, and must desire that all should love and worship Him.  Then you
pray daily, “Thy kingdom come,” and must mean something when you thus
pray, or you offer vain service, and mock God.  Then you pity the
ignorant, and weep over perishing souls; and, if so, you must, you will,
do all you can to point them to “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the
sin of the world.”

ARE YOU A CHRISTIAN PARENT?—You look with joy and gratitude upon your
rising family.  You placed them, by holy baptism, in the arms of Jesus,
that He might bless them.  They are in covenant with Him.  They hearken
unto you, and you teach them the fear of the Lord.  You send them into
life, commended to God as their “sun and shield.”  You rejoice in the
hope of meeting them all again in the kingdom of Heaven.  O happy
Christian parent!  O favoured Christian families!—families “whom Jesus
loves.”  But Missions are creating many such families among Negroes,
Hottentots, Fejees, New Zealanders, the Friendly Islanders, the American
Indians, and the Singalese.  Many a Heathen hut resounds with praise; and
parents and children, once idolaters, bow before the throne of grace in
united family worship.  Do not you rejoice in this? and will you not do
your utmost to promote the cause of Christ, till all the families of the
earth, like your own, are blessed in Him?

ARE YOU A CHRISTIAN CHILD?—What do you owe to Christ, whose adorable name
you bear!  But for the blessed Gospel, you had scarcely known your
parents’ tender love.  No prayers to the true God would have been offered
by them on your behalf.  You would have been a worshipper of the ugly,
gloomy gods of Paganism.  You might have been cast into a river, or
turned out to perish in a wood; or, if not, you would have grown up in
ignorance, vice, and misery.  You would have had no education; never have
read the blessed Bible; never have sung a hymn of praise to God, and
would not have had, as now, the prospect of a happy, useful life, and a
glorious heaven.  O what do you owe to Christ!  You feel that you ought
to love Him, and how can you better show that you do love Him, than by
pitying poor, ignorant Heathen children, and contributing some little of
your spare money, to send them Ministers, to build them Schools, to buy
them the Bible and holy books, and teach them all the blessed truths
which you have learned of Christ, the Saviour of the world?

much do you owe to Him who hath brought you “out of a horrible pit, and
out of the miry clay;” and how ought you to pity all who are living
“without hope and without God in the world!”  When you felt the burden of
sin, you heard of Christ, and his willingness to save.

    “Dying, you heard the welcome sound,
    And pardon in his mercy found.”

But millions of the poor Heathen feel that burden too, yet they know not
where to fly for relief; they go from idol to idol; from sacrifice to
sacrifice; perform painful pilgrimages, and torture their bodies.  But in
vain! the sting remains; the fear of the future still pursues them.  Do
they not cry, even in your ears, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?”
and will not you, remembering the sweetness of that hour when you
obtained mercy by believing in Christ, make haste to tell them, by the
Missionaries you send forth, where pardon may be found?  O you not, by
your liberalities, cause these blessed words to be sounded in the ears of
all such mourning, broken spirits?—

    “Sinners, believe the gospel word:
       Jesus is come your souls to save!
    Jesus is come, your common Lord;
       Pardon ye all through him may have;
    May now be saved, whoever will:
    This man receiveth sinners still.”

FINALLY, ARE YOU AN AGED CHRISTIAN?—How often have you prayed, “O Lord,
revive thy work!”  How often have you longed to see the dawn of the day
of Christ upon all nations!  Well, now you see it.  God has granted you
this before you depart to be with Christ.  You, you aged servant of God,
must rejoice in it.  Your long life of mercy has been crowned with this
mercy.  Tell all about you, how you “saw the cloud arise, little as a
human hand;” bid them look to its spreading showers; mark its reviving
influence; and hear the “sound of abundance of rain.”  Yes, you will
encourage our youth to pledge themselves to this cause; you will give it
the sanction and aid of your counsel and influence; and you will die in
greater peace and higher triumph, since “your eyes have seen His
salvation; a light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of his people

“Let the children of Zion,” therefore, “be joyful in their King.”  “Both
young men and maidens, old men and children, let them praise the Lord,”
and unite to proclaim “His glory among the Heathen, His wonders among all
people,” till the whole earth shall be filled with the honours of His
high and glorious name.  Amen.

But do any of you ask, WHAT CAN I DO IN THIS CAUSE?—This is an important
and serious question, especially when you consider that that day will
come when you must “give up your stewardship, and be no longer steward”
of your Lord’s goods, whether he has entrusted you with five, three, or
only one talent; and when he will doubtless ask you, what you have done
to promote His cause in the world.

Well, then, it may be kindly and affectionately inquired of you, whether
you do not indulge in some needless superfluities of meat, drink,
apparel, furniture, or show, which, even in perfect consistency with your
rank of life, whatever it may be, you may reduce, and have more to spend
in works of piety and charity at home and abroad?  Put this question to
your hearts in the fear of God.

If you have no obvious superfluities, yet may not your economy, that is,
your management of what you have, be more exact, methodical, and careful?
So that even your own affairs will be more prosperous; and, from this
good management, you may find much more to give to these great services
than even now you are yourselves aware of.  Try the experiment; for many
have tried it, and have found themselves enabled to become “rich in good
works,” almost without cost to themselves.

Ask, What cannot I give?  Cannot I spare this penny every week?—Why not?
Cannot I give this shilling, as a monthly subscription; or this pound, or
even several pounds, as a yearly one?  Why not?  You may have an answer,
but see that it is a good one; that it is such an one as you can with
confidence give to your Lord, when He calls you to give an account of
your stewardship.

Cannot I give my influence to this cause?  Why not?  I have some
influence, perhaps as a master, or as a parent, or as a neighbour, or as
a friend.  Cannot I employ this talent of influence in inducing servants,
children, neighbours, friends, to take a share in all the good which the
Lord is doing upon earth among the children of men?  Will they not be
benefited by it?  How many good thoughts will it put into their minds!
How probable is it, that they may feel more sensibly the value of the
Gospel than before, by considering the situation of those nations who
have it not!  How much will it enlarge their knowledge, to place before
them the publications of a Missionary Society!  How much will it ennoble
the heart of the poorest and youngest among them, to teach them to live
to benefit all mankind!  Cannot I take even an active part in this work,
if called upon; or may I not humbly offer my services in some department?
Why not?  Collectors, patient, persevering Collectors, are always
wanting; and why cannot I become a Collector, and have the honour and
blessedness of begging for a perishing world?  Treasurers, Secretaries,
Members of Committees, are wanting wherever a Missionary Society is
formed, who will be active in their duty, and constant in their
attendance.  Cannot I then, if called upon, take my share of any of those
duties, whenever they are assigned me?  Why not?  What good and serious
reason can I give against it, when, laying my hand upon my heart, I ask,
“How much owest thou unto my Lord?”  Cannot I converse on these great
subjects, and arouse my own languid zeal, and that of others, by this
means?  Why not?  Would not this shut out many trifling things from
conversation; and will not the constant reading of Missionary
Publications, and accounts of the progress of Christ’s kingdom in the
world, furnish conversation with some of the best and most inspiring
topics?—and is not this in character, when, as the Psalmist says, “All
thy works shall praise Thee, O Lord, and thy saints shall bless thee;
they shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom, and talk of thy power, to
make known to the sons of men His mighty acts, and the glorious majesty
of His kingdom.”  And cannot I join my prayers, prayers in my closet, in
my family, and in the Church of God: thus acknowledging that the work is
the Lord’s, and that vain is the help of man,—thus bringing upon all
counsel, and upon all effort, the prospering blessing of Him who “worketh
all and in all?”  Rest not till you have put to yourself all these
questions, and then so act as “the answer of a good conscience” shall

                             WITHIN, LONDON.

*** For an account of the Missions conducted by the Wesleyan Missionary
Society, see the accompanying “GENERAL VIEW.”

                                * * * * *


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