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Title: Modern English Biography (volume 1 of 4) A-H
Author: Boase, Frederic
Language: English
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                           ENGLISH BIOGRAPHY




                            FREDERIC BOASE.

                            FACTA NON VERBA.

                               VOLUME I.

                          NETHERTON AND WORTH,
                            FOR THE AUTHOR.

 250 COPIES ONLY PRINTED.                               PRICE 42/-  NET.



Biography like other subjects seems to have its fashion; at one time it
is much attended to, at another time neglected. The Historical Register
from 1717 to 1739, The European Magazine from 1782 to 1826, and The
Gentleman’s Magazine from 1731 to 1868 furnished most useful and
excellent notices of deceased worthies; then there appeared for one year
only, The Register and Magazine of Biography, the first volume by Mr.
Thompson Cooper, F.S.A., the second by Mr. Edward Walford, M.A. After
this period there was a lull and biography was for some time at a
discount; gradually however _The Times_, which hitherto had paid little
attention to the subject, commenced inserting numerous obituary notices,
and this fashion gradually increased, until at the present day there are
few numbers of that paper which do not contain interesting memoirs.
Other periodicals followed suit, and now the majority of the daily and
weekly journals not only give lives but many of them well engraved

In the meantime there also came out various books on biography, such as
Men of the Time, Men of Mark, Eminent Women Series, English Men of
Action, English Men of Letters, English Worthies, Great Artists, Great
Writers, Memorable Men of the Nineteenth Century, Men worth Remembering,
The Biograph and others, while various improved biographical
dictionaries, more especially the Dictionary of National Biography,
still in progress, were produced.

General Biography has now become so large a subject, that no one work
can comprehend it, and it will, it is imagined, in future, be necessary
to attack it in small sections, if anything like justice is to be done
to the matter.

Impressed with these ideas, the author of this work, who had during a
period of twenty years made a collection of notes relating to English
persons deceased since 1850, thought it not improbable that by printing
his materials, he might be able to make a useful contribution to
biographical literature. The first volume of “Modern English Biography”
is the result; in it will be found memoirs referring to the period
mentioned, of all privy councillors, knights, judges, recorders, queen’s
counsel, serjeants, stipendiary magistrates, benchers of the inns of
court, bishops, deans, archdeacons, chancellors, admirals, generals and
members of parliament; other persons too, frequently omitted in
biographical works, such as architects, engineers, inventors, ship
builders, electricians, railway managers, publishers, actors,
dramatists, musicians, music hall artistes, painters, sculptors,
engravers, physicians, surgeons, sporting celebrities, eccentric
characters and notorious criminals have also been inserted, in fact any
one who has been well known and about whom a question might arise in
general conversation. In addition, many foreigners who have spent
portions of their lives in England and some few natives of the British
colonies have been included.

The plan in these memoirs, of which there are nearly 8,000 in this
volume, has been first to give the main facts in each life, then, in the
case of authors, short though exact titles of their chief works,
concluding with references to books where longer accounts are to be
found. The subject of portraits has been made a speciality, and
thousands of notices of likenesses in books, periodicals and newspapers
have been inserted. The Transactions of the most important scientific
and literary societies as well as the best known magazines and
newspapers have been examined and the biographical notices extracted.

The memoirs, though short, will be found to contain many exact facts not
given in larger works. Great trouble has been taken about births and
deaths, the dates of births frequently cannot be obtained and the places
and dates of deaths of even very well known individuals are sometimes
not easily settled. Information has been sought from all printed
sources, from private individuals, and from church registers; reference
has been also continually made to the books of the registrar general at
Somerset House.

Froude in one of his Essays says “We want the biographies of common
people;” this adage has been acted on in Modern English Biography, and
many hundred notices of the less known authors, artists, newspaper
proprietors and journalists, merchants, country gentlemen and others,
which can be found in no other book, are here recorded.

Some reference must be made to the Knights Bachelor, an increasing and
important body of men of much repute, about whom the annual knightages
do not furnish exact information. For the elucidation of their history,
the columns of the London Gazette have been carefully searched and the
dates and places of their knighthood extracted, information which it is
believed, cannot be found concentrated in any other single volume.

The memoirs are arranged lexicographically according to the surnames,
the peers however have all been inserted under their titles, for the
reason that their family names are not generally known to ordinary

To my father Mr. John Josias Arthur Boase and to my eldest brother the
Rev. Charles William Boase, I am much indebted for their great kindness
in conjointly defraying the cost of printing this work, which I claim,
to be an important contribution to the English biography of the
nineteenth century.

My thanks are due to Mr. William Prideaux Courtney and to my brother Mr.
George Clement Boase, joint authors of the Bibliotheca Cornubiensis, as
well as to my before mentioned brother the Rev. C. W. Boase, for kindly
reading proofs and supplying additional facts, while to Mr. Richard
Bissell Prosser late of the Patent Office and to Mr. Ralph Thomas author
of The Handbook of Fictitious Names, I am under an obligation for
information about inventors and other persons.

The Second Volume is in active preparation and will appear as soon as is
possible, consistently with careful research.

In a biographical work arranged alphabetically an Index is not a
necessity, but it was thought that one might add value to the book. A
general index was not practicable, as it would have been as extensive as
the work itself, but an elaborate and carefully considered compilation
of the more remarkable, curious and interesting matter in the volume,
has been made for me by my brother Mr. G. C. Boase. Clergy lists, Law
lists and Army and Navy lists being common, the names of persons
belonging to those professions have not been included. The first
important heading in the index is that of Actors followed by Actors’
Stage Names, a list probably unique, while Dancers, Singers and others
have not been neglected. To Initialisms, Fancy Names, Changes of Names
and Pseudonyms much attention has been given and the entries are very
extensive. Fellows of the Royal Society, astronomers, explorers,
physicians, surgeons, civil engineers, painters and sculptors are duly
recorded, while sport is represented by masters of hounds, betting men,
racing men, cricketers, pedestrians and pugilists.

The names of the Knights Bachelor occupy considerable space, and the
article London will be found very interesting. Some amount of additional
information has been inserted in the Index, to which the reader is
recommended to refer when using “Modern English Biography.”

                                                         FREDERIC BOASE.

 36, James Street,
     Buckingham Gate,
         London, S.W.,
             7 April, 1892.



 A.A.G.             assistant adjutant general.

 A.D.C.             aide de camp.

 A.G.               adjutant general.

 A.I.C.E.           associate of Institution of Civil Engineers.

 A.R.               Annual Register.

 A.R.A.             associate of the Royal Academy.

 A.R.S.A.           associate of the Royal Scottish Academy.

 _b._               born.

 B.A.               bachelor of Arts.

 _bapt._            baptized.

 B. Chir.           bachelor of surgery.

 B.C.L.             bachelor of civil laws.

 B.D.               bachelor of divinity.

 B. Th.             bachelor of theology.

 B.I.               British Institution.

 _bur._             buried.

 C.                 curate.

 Cam. and Camb.     Cambridge.

 cap.               chapter.

 C.B.               companion of the Bath.

 C.C.               Corpus Christi.

 C.E.               civil engineer.

 ch.                church.

 Ch. Ch.            Christ Church.

 C.I.E.             companion of the Indian Empire.

 C.M.G.             companion of St. Michael and St. George.

 co.                county.

 col.               colonel.

 coll.              college.

 comr.              commissioner.

 cr.                created.

 C.S.               civil service.

 _d._               died.

 D.A.A.G.           deputy assistant adjutant general.

 dau.               daughter.

 D.C.L.             doctor of civil laws.

 D.D.               doctor of divinity.

 ed.                editor, also educated.

 Edin. and Edinb.   Edinburgh.

 E.I.C.S.           East India company’s service.

 eld.               eldest.

 ex. and extraord.  extraordinary.

 F.C.S.             fellow of Chemical Society.

 F.G.S.             fellow of Geological Society.

 F.L.S.             fellow of Linnean Society.

 F.R.A.S.           fellow of Royal Astronomical Society.

 F.R.C.S.           fellow of Royal College of Surgeons.

 F.R.C.P.           fellow of Royal College of Physicians.

 F.R.G.S.           fellow of Royal Geographical Society.

 F.R.I.B.A.         fellow of Royal Institution of British Architects.

 F.R.S.             fellow of Royal Society.

 F.R.S. Edin.       fellow of Royal Society, Edinburgh.

 F.S.A.             fellow of Society of Antiquaries.

 F.S.S.             fellow of the Statistical Society.

 G.C.B.             knight grand cross of the Bath.

 G.C.H.             knight grand cross of Hanover.

 G.C.I.E.           knight grand commander of the Indian empire.

 G.C.M.G.           knight grand commander of St. Michael and St.

 G.C.S.I.           knight grand commander of Star of India.

 G.I.               Gray’s Inn.

 G.M.               Gentleman’s Magazine.

 gr.                grammar.

 H.E.I.C.S.         Honourable East India Co.’s service.

 H.M.S.             Her Majesty’s ship.

 hon.               honourable.

 h.p.               half pay.

 I.L.N.             Illustrated London News.

 instit.            institution.

 I.T.               Inner Temple.

 J.P.               justice of the peace.

 K.C.               King’s counsel.

 K.C.B.             knight commander of the Bath.

 K.C.H.             knight commander of Hanover.

 K.C.I.E.           knight commander of the Indian Empire.

 K.C.M.G.           knight commander of St. Michael and st. George.

 K.C.S.I.           knight commander of the Star of India.

 K.G.               knight of the Garter.

 K.H.               knight of Hanover.

 K.P.               knight of St. Patrick.

 K.T.               knight of the Thistle.

 K.T.S.             knight of the Tower and Sword.

 L.C.P.             licentiate of College of Physicians.

 L.G.               lieut. general.

 L.I.               Lincoln’s Inn.

 lieut.             lieutenant.

 L.K.Q.C.P.I.       licentiate of King’s and Queen’s College of
                      Physicians, Ireland.

 LLB.               bachelor of laws.

 LLD.               doctor of laws.

 L.S.A.             licentiate of Society of Apothecaries.

 _m._               married.

 M.A.               master of arts.

 mag.               magazine.

 matric.            matriculated.

 M.B.               bachelor of medicine.

 M.D.               doctor of medicine.

 M.G.               major general.

 Med. & Chir. Soc.  Medical and Chirurgical Society.

 mem.               member.

 M.I.C.E.           member of Institution of Civil Engineers.

 M.I.M.E.           member of Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

 min.               minutes.

 min. plen. and     minister plenipotentiary.
   min. plenipo.

 M.L.               licentiate in medicine.

 M.P.               member of parliament.

 M.R.I.A.           member of Royal Irish Academy.

 M.R.I.B.A.         member of Royal Institution of British Architects.

 M.R.C.S.           member of Royal College of Surgeons.

 MS. and MSS.       manuscript and manuscripts.

 M.T.               Middle Temple.

 N. and Q.          Notes and Queries.

 N.I.               native infantry.

 N.S.W.             New South Wales.

 N.Z.               New Zealand.

 Ox. and Oxf.       Oxford.

 p. and pp.         page and pages.

 P.C.               privy councillor.

 P.C.               perpetual curate.

 P.R.A.             president of the Royal Academy.

 preb.              prebendary.

 pres.              president.

 proc.              proceedings.

 pt.                portrait.

 pub.               published.

 Q.C.               Queen’s counsel.

 R.                 rector.

 R.                 royal.

 R.A.               rear admiral.

 R.A.               royal academician.

 R.A.               royal academy.

 R.A.               royal artillery.

 R.E.               royal engineers.

 rep.               representative.

 R.H.A.             royal horse artillery.

 r.l.               royal licence.

 R.M.               royal marines.

 R.N.               royal navy.

 R.S.A.             Royal Scottish academician.

 S.C.L.             student of civil laws.

 sch.               school.

 sec.               secretary.

 soc.               society.

 S.P.C.K.           society for propagation of Christian Knowledge.

 S.P.G.             society for propagation of the Gospel.

 sq.                square.

 st.                street.

 T.R.               theatre royal.

 Trans.             Transactions.

 U.K.               United Kingdom.

 U.S.               United States.

 V.                 vicar.

 V.A.               vice admiral.

 V.C.               Victoria cross.

 V.P.               vice president.

 Ven.               venerable.

 Vict.              Victoria.

 W.S.               writer to the signet.


  ABBEY, JOHN. _b._ Whilton, Northants 22 Dec. 1785; employed by James
    David and then by Hugh Russell organ-builders London; worked for
    Sebastian Erard in Paris 1826; an organ-builder in Paris; built
    choir organs for cathedrals of Rheims, Nantes, Versailles, and
    Evreux, large organs for cathedrals of Rochelle, Rennes, Viviers,
    Tulle, Bayeux and Amiens, many organs for South America, and an
    organ for the opera-house in Rue Lepelletier, Paris, destroyed by
    fire with the house, 28 Nov. 1873; introduced into French organs
    English mechanism, and the bellows invented by Alexander Cumming.
    _d._ Versailles 19 Feb. 1859.

  ABBISS, JAMES. _b._ Wallsworth near Hitchin in Herts 3 June 1812;
    tea-dealer in Gracechurch st. London 1835; chairman of City of
    London Union 1857 to death; alderman for ward of Bridge 1859–67;
    sheriff of London 1860–61. _d._ The Shrubbery, Chase Side, Enfield
    7 July 1882. _bur._ Edmonton ch. yard 11 July.

  ABBISS, REV. JOHN (_son of John Abbiss of Wandsworth, Surrey_). _b._
    12 July 1789; matric. Trin. Coll. Ox. 10 Oct. 1810, B.A. 1814,
    M.A. 1817; R. of St. Bartholomew the Great, city of London 1819 to
    death. _d._ 41 Myddelton sq. Clerkenwell 8 July 1883. _bur._ Stoke
    d’Abernon near Leatherhead 13 July.

  ABBOTT, AUGUSTUS (_eld. son of Henry Alexius Abbott, of Calcutta,
    merchant_). _b._ London 7 Jan. 1804; ed. at Warfield in Berks,
    Winchester, and Addiscombe; 2 lieut. Bengal artillery 16 April
    1819; commanded the artillery in defence of Jellalabad, Nov. 1841
    to April 1842; Col. 14 Nov. 1858 to death; served in Afghan war
    1838–42; principal commissary of ordnance 12 Dec. 1847 to 9 Feb.
    1855; inspector-general of ordnance and magazines Bengal 9 Feb.
    1855–18 Jan. 1858; commander at Meerut 27 Jan. 1858; M.G. 13 April
    1860; Douranee order conferred on him Nov. 1840, but he never wore
    it; C.B. 11 Oct. 1842; one of the finest artillery officers of his
    time. _d._ 4 Paragon buildings, Cheltenham 25 Feb. 1867. _The
    Afghan War, 1838–1842, from the Journal of the late Augustus
    Abbott. By C. R. Low._ 1879.

  ABBOTT, REV. EDWARD SINGLETON. Preb. of St. Michael’s in Ch. Ch.
    cathedral, Dublin 13 Aug. 1844; preb. of St. John’s 11 Mch. 1845;
    preb. of St. Michan’s 12 Feb. 1854–55; R. of St. Mary’s, Dublin
    1855 to death; sub.-dean of chapel royal Dublin 1858 to death;
    committed suicide by shooting himself at 7 North Frederick st.
    Dublin 12 June 1865 aged 63.

  ABBOTT, EDWIN. _b._ London 12 May 1808; principal of Philological
    school 248 Marylebone road, London 1827–72; and secretary 1872 to
    death; one of the first to advocate a more thorough English
    training in schools; author of _A second Latin book_ 1858; _Greek
    tragic iambics_ 1864; _Complete concordance to works of Alexander
    Pope_ 1875. _d._ 18 Palace sq. Upper Norwood 27 May 1882. _bur._
    Kensal Green 31 May.

  ABBOTT, JOHN (_son of Robert Abbott of Halifax, carpet manufacturer,
    who founded the carpet trade in Halifax with Mr. Crossley, and d.
    1825_). _b._ Halifax 20 July 1796; a woolstapler there; took a
    leading part in all matters of social improvement and left
    charitable bequests of £61,500. _d._ Halifax 13 May 1870.

  ABBOTT, REV. JOSEPH. _b._ Cumberland 1789; ed. at Bampton sch. and
    Marischal coll. Aberdeen; Missionary of the S.P.G. at St.
    Andrew’s, Grenville, Lower Canada 1818–47, when he retired; wrote
    _The Emigrant to North America from memoranda of a settler in
    Canada_, first published in the Quebec _Mercury_ 1842, republished
    in many leading Canadian papers and in several English papers,
    including _Emigration Gazette_, and in pamphlet form by the
    Emigration agent. 2nd ed. 1843, it was also pub. in a more
    extended form by John Murray in the Home and Colonial library,
    under the title of _Philip Musgrave or the adventures of a
    Missionary in Canada_; contributed many tales to Canadian
    periodicals. _d._ Montreal, Jany. 1863. _Morgan’s Bibliotheca
    Canadensis_ (1867) _pp._ 3–4.

  ABBOTT, THOMAS EASTOE. _b._ East Dereham, Norfolk 1779; author of
    _Peace; a lyric poem_ 1814; _The triumph of Christianity_ 1819;
    _The soldier’s friend_ 1828. _d._ Darlington 18 Feb. 1854.

  ABDY, MARIA. _b._ London; wrote in the _New Monthly_, _The
    Metropolitan_ and the Annuals; privately printed _Poems_ 8 series,
    _8 vols._ 1830–62; _An appeal on behalf of governesses_, her
    longest poem gained first prize offered for literary productions
    on that subject, (_m._ Rev. John Channing Abdy, R. of St. John’s
    Southwark who _d._ 27 Jany. 1845 aged 52.) _d._ 7 Upper Marine
    terrace, Margate 19 July 1867 aged 70. _bur._ St. Peter’s church
    yard Isle of Thanet.

  ABDY, SIR THOMAS NEVILLE, 1 Baronet (_only son of Anthony Thomas
    Abdy, captain R.N. who d. 9 June 1838, by Grace dau. of admiral
    Sir Thomas Rich_). _b._ 21 Dec. 1810; ed. at St. John’s coll.
    Cam., B.A. 1833; M.P. for Lyme Regis, (lib.) 30 July 1847–1 July
    1852; cr. baronet 8 Jan. 1850; sheriff of Essex 1875. (_m._ 19
    Oct. 1841 Harriet 2nd dau. of Rowland Alston, M.P. of Pishiobury,
    Herts, she _d._ 8 July 1877.) _d._ 6 Grosvenor place, London 20
    July 1877.

  ABDY, SIR WILLIAM, 7 Baronet. _b._ 1779; succeeded 21 July 1803.
    _d._ 20b. Hill st. London 15 Apl. 1868.

  A’BECKETT, ARTHUR MARTIN (_youngest son of Wm. A’Beckett of Golden
    square, London, long known as the Reform solicitor, who d. 23 Feb.
    1855 aged 77, by his 1 wife Sarah who d. 25 Aug. 1817_). _b._
    Golden square, London 1812; ed. at London univ. 1834 and at Paris;
    M.R.C.S. 9 March 1838, F.R.C.S. 13 Dec. 1855, M.D.; Staff surgeon
    to British legion in Spain; on staff of Sir De Lacy Evans 1835–37;
    arrived in Sydney 1838; practised there 1838–58; member of
    legislative council of N.S.W. to 1858; knight of San Ferdinand;
    F.R.G.S. 1860. (_m._ 15 May 1838 Emma Louisa 1 dau. of Marsham
    Elwin of Thirning, Norfolk, she was _b._ 26 Aug. 1814). _d._
    Sydney 23 May 1871. _Medical Times and Gazette, ii_, 263 (1871);
    _Heads of the people, ii_, 83 (1848) _pt._

  A’BECKETT, GILBERT ABBOT (_2 son of Wm. A’Beckett of Golden sq._)
    _b._ The Grange, Haverstock hill, London 9 Jany. 1811. ed. at
    Westminster school; sole proprietor of following periodicals, _The
    terrific penny magazine_, _The Ghost_, _The Lover_, _The gallery
    of terrors_, _The Figaro_ monthly newspaper, and _The Figaro_
    caricature gallery; proprietor with Thomas Littleton Holt of
    following periodicals, _The evangelical penny magazine_, _Dibdin’s
    penny trumpet_, _The thief_, _Poor Richard’s journal_, and _The
    people’s penny pictures_; student at Gray’s Inn 25 Apl. 1828;
    dramatic critic of the _Weekly Despatch_; edited _Figaro in
    London_ comic weekly paper, 160 numbers 1 Dec. 1831 to 27 Dec.
    1834; joint manager with Edward Mayhew of the Fitzroy theatre,
    Fitzroy st. Tottenham court road, London 1834 where he produced
    his first burlesque Glaucus and Scylla; edited _The Wag_ 1837, and
    _The Squib_ 1842, comic weekly papers; one of the original staff
    of _Punch or the London Charivari_, which appeared 17 July 1841,
    wrote in it from number 4 to his death; wrote leading articles in
    _The Times_ one year, and in _Morning Herald_; wrote humorous
    articles in _Pictorial Times_; barrister G.I. 27 Jany 1841; poor
    Law comr. to inquire into iniquities practised in Andover union,
    March 1846; magistrate at Greenwich and Woolwich police court,
    Feb. 1849, and at Southwark, Dec. 1849 to death; went to Boulogne
    17 July 1856; author of _Scenes from the rejected comedies_, a
    series of parodies upon living dramatists 1844; _The quizziology
    of the British drama_ 1846; _The comic Blackstone_ 1846; _The
    comic history of England_, _2 vols._ 1847–8; _The comic history of
    Rome_ 1852; wrote more than 50 plays; dramatised with Mark Lemon,
    Dickens’s novel “_The Chimes_,” produced at Adelphi theatre 19
    Dec. 1844. (_m._ about 1836 Mary Anne eld. dau. of Joseph Glossop,
    she was granted a civil list pension of £100, 23 Oct. 1856. She
    _m._ (2) George Jones, barrister, and _d._ 11 Dec. 1863 aged 46).
    _d._ of typhus fever at Rue Neuve Chaussée, Boulogne 30 Aug. 1856,
    body removed to Highgate cemetery. _The Critic, xv._ 436 (1856);
    _Mr. Punch, his origin and career_ 1870; _Alfred Bunn’s A word
    with Punch_ 1847, _pp._ 5–7 _pt._; _I.L.N. xxx_, 570 (1857), _view
    of his tomb in Highgate cemetery_.

      NOTE.—There is a portrait of him by Leech in his two page
      cartoon, called “Mr. Punch’s fancy ball” in _Punch_ 9 Jany.
      1847, where he is represented as playing the violin in the
      orchestra between the double bass and the clarionet. His first
      contribution to _Punch_, entitled “The above bridge navy,”
      appeared in No. 4, 7 Aug. 1841 with John Leech’s earliest
      cartoon, “Foreign Affairs.”

  A’BECKETT, SIR WILLIAM (_eld. son of Wm. A’Beckett of Golden
    square_). _b._ London 28 July 1806; ed. at Westminster; barrister
    L.I. 30 June 1829; went to Sydney 1837; solicitor general of New
    South Wales 1841; a judge of court of N.S.W. 24 Nov. 1845;
    resident judge at Port Philip 3 Feb. 1846; chief justice and judge
    of admiralty court of Victoria 25 Aug. 1851; knighted by patent 19
    Nov. 1852; returned to England 1858; author of great part of _The
    Georgian Era_ 4 vols. 1832–34; of _Universal biography_ _3 vols._
    1840; and of _The Earl’s choice and other poems_ 1863. (_m._ (1)
    1832 Emily dau. of E. Hayley, she _d._ 1 June 1841. _m._ (2) 1849
    Matilda dau. of E. Hayley, she _d._ 8 Aug. 1879 aged 64). _d._
    Abbotsville, Upper Norwood, Surrey 27 June 1869.

      NOTE.—He edited at Sydney from 1837–38 a periodical called the
      Literary News, of which no copies are supposed to be now in

  ABELL, LUCIA ELIZABETH (_2 dau. of Wm. Balcombe, navy agent,
    purveyor to Napoleon Bonaparte at St. Helena, and afterwards the
    colonial treasurer of N.S.W. who d. 19 March 1829_). Author of
    _Recollections of the Emperor Napoleon during the first three
    years of his captivity on the island of St. Helena_ 1848,
    including the time of his residence at her father’s house, “the
    Briars.” (_m._ Edward Abell). _d._ 18 Chester terrace, Eaton sq.
    London 29 June 1871. _Recollections of the Emperor Napoleon 3rd
    ed._ 1873, _pt._ Of Mrs. Abell.

  ABERCROMBY, GEORGE RALPH ABERCROMBY, 3 Baron. _b._ Edinburgh 30 May
    1800; M.P. for Clackmannan, (whig) 13 July 1824–2 June 1826, 10
    Aug. 1830–23 April 1831, and 6 July 1841–18 Feb. 1842; M.P. for
    Stirlingshire 30 April 1838–23 June 1841; major 3 dragoon guards
    22 June 1826–21 Nov. 1828; succeeded 14 Feb. 1843; lord lieutenant
    of Clackmannan 1843 to death; was blind. _d._ Airthney castle,
    Stirling 25 June 1852.

  ABERCROMBY, THE HONBLE. ALEXANDER, _b._ 4 March 1784; ensign 52 foot
    16 Aug. 1799; lieut. col. 28 foot 8 Dec. 1808–25 July 1814;
    commanded a brigade at battle of Albuera 16 May 1811; captain
    Coldstream guards 25 July 1814–25 Oct. 1821, when placed on half
    pay on reduction of regiment; C.B. 4 June 1815; K.M.T.; K.T.S.;
    K.S.G.; M.P. for co. Clackmannan 11 April 1817–10 June 1818. _d._
    at his country seat in Scotland 27 Aug. 1853. _Napier’s Peninsular
    War, book xii, chapters 6 and 7._

  ABERCROMBY, SIR GEORGE SAMUEL, 6 baronet. _b._ Edinburgh 22 May
    1824; succeeded 6 July 1855. _d._ Forglen house, Turriff
    Banffshire 15 Nov. 1872.

  ABERCROMBY, SIR ROBERT, 5 baronet. _b._ Forglen house, Banffshire 4
    Feb. 1784; M.P. for Banffshire 2 Nov. 1812–10 June 1818; succeeded
    18 July 1831. _d._ Forglen house 6 July 1855.

  ABERDEEN, GEORGE HAMILTON GORDON, 4 Earl of (_1 son of George
    Gordon, styled Lord Haddo 1764–91, by Charlotte, youngest dau. of
    Wm. Baird of Newbyth, co. Haddington, she d. 8 Oct. 1795_). _b._
    Edinburgh 28 Jany. 1784; ed. at Harrow, and St. John’s coll. Cam.,
    M.A. 1804; succeeded his grandfather 13 Aug. 1801; visited Greece,
    Turkey and Russia; founded Athenian society 1804, of which no one
    might be a member who had not visited Athens; rep. peer Scotland
    15 Dec. 1806–1 June 1814; K.T. 16 March 1808; ambassador to Vienna
    29 July 1813–April 1814, when he prevailed with the Emperor to
    join the allied sovereigns against Napoleon by treaty of Toplitz 9
    Sep. 1813; present at battles of Dresden and Leipsic; signed
    treaty of peace at Paris 1 June 1814; created a peer of the U.K.
    as Viscount Gordon of Aberdeen, co. Aberdeen 1 June 1814; P.C. 23
    July 1814; took name of Hamilton before that of Gordon by royal
    license 13 Nov. 1818; chancellor of univ. of Aberdeen 1827;
    chancellor of duchy of Lancaster 26 Jan. 1828–2 June 1828; sec. of
    state for foreign affairs 2 June 1828–2 Nov. 1830 and 2 Sep.
    1841–5 July 1846; sec. of state for the colonies 5 June 1834–18
    April 1835; ranger of Greenwich park 1 Feb. 1845; lord lieut. of
    Aberdeenshire 23 April 1846; first lord of the treasury 28 Dec.
    1852–1 Feb. 1855; an elder brother of Trinity house Nov. 1853–54;
    a comr. for executing office of treasurer of exchequer of Great
    Britain, and lord high treasurer of Ireland 6 Mch. 1854; president
    of Society of Antiquaries 1812–46; F.R.S. 28 April 1808, F.R.G.S.
    1830, K.G. 7 Feb. 1855; visited by the Queen at Haddo house, 15
    Oct. 1857; author of _Inquiry into principles of beauty in Grecian
    architecture_, 1822. (_m._ (1) 28 July 1805 Catherine Elizabeth, 3
    dau. of John James Hamilton, 1 Marquess of Abercorn, she was _b._
    10 Jan. 1784, and _d._ 29 Feb. 1812. _m._ (2) 8 July 1815 Harriet,
    2 dau. of honble. John Douglas and widow of James Hamilton, eld.
    son of 1 Marquess of Abercorn, she was _b._ 8 June 1792, and _d._
    26 Aug. 1833). _d._ 7 Argyll st. Regent st. London 14 Dec. 1860.
    _bur._ in family vault at Stanmore 21 Dec. _Correspondence of Earl
    of Aberdeen 1850–53_, _privately printed_ 1880; _Edinburgh
    Review_, _clviii_, 547–77 (1883); _Thirty years of foreign policy_
    1854; _Proc. of Royal Society of Edin. iv_, 477–83 (1862); _The
    British cabinet in 1853_, _pp._ 7–43, _pt._; _Jerdan’s National
    portrait gallery_, _vol._ 3, _pt._; _I.L.N. i_, 461 (1842), _xx_,
    1, (1853) _xxxvii_, 635 (1860) _pts._; _A.R._ (1860) 376–83.

      NOTE.—Lord Byron in his “English bards and Scotch reviewers,”
      refers to him as “The travelled Thane, Athenian Aberdeen.” He
      was allowed the very rare distinction of being permitted to
      retain the order of the Thistle, together with that of the
      Garter. Exclusive of royalty, 12 Knights of the Thistle (since
      the re-establishment of the order in 1687), have been elected
      to the Garter, of these 12 only 4 have retained both orders.

    priory, Stanmore 28 Sep. 1816; ed. privately, and at Trin. coll.
    Cam., M.A. 1837; attaché at Constantinople 1837; M.P.
    Aberdeenshire (lib.) 22 Aug. 1854–14 Dec. 1860, when he succeeded;
    went to Egypt, Sep. 1854, and June 1860; went to Madrid, May 1863
    to petition Queen of Spain for a remission of sentence on Manuel
    Matamoros, (who was sentenced to 9 years penal servitude for
    preaching Protestantism, he was eventually exiled from Spain, he
    was _b._ Malaga, Oct. 1834 and _d._ Lausanne, 31 July 1866.) _d._
    Haddo house, Aberdeenshire 22 March 1864. _bur._ Methlie
    churchyard 29 March. _Memoir of Lord Haddo by Rev. E. B. Elliott,
    6 ed._ 1873; _The true nobility by Alexander Duff_ 1868; _I.L.N.
    xxiv_, 265 (1854) _pt._

  ABERDEEN, GEORGE HAMILTON-GORDON, 6 Earl of. _b._ 10 Dec. 1841;
    succeeded 22 March 1864; one of the Scotch 8 in rifle competition
    at Wimbledon for Elcho challenge shield 1864 and 1865; dropped his
    title and adopted name of George H. Osborne about 22 May 1866;
    sailor in American merchant service June 1866 to death; sailed
    from Boston for Melbourne in the ship “Hera” 21 Jany. 1870, washed
    overboard and drowned in latitude 40˝10´, longitude 58˝14´, 27
    Jany. 1870. _Memoir of Lord Haddo, by Rev. E. B. Elliott, 6 ed.
    1873_, 315–28; _Sir Bernard Burke’s Reminiscences_ (1882) 201–26.

  ABERGAVENNY, REV. WILLIAM NEVILL, 4 Earl of. _b._ 28 June 1792;
    succeeded 12 April 1845. _d._ Birling manor near Maidstone 17 Aug.

      NOTE.—His personalty was sworn under £300,000 Oct. 1868.

  ABINGDON, MONTAGU BERTIE, 5 Earl of. _b._ 30 April 1784; succeeded
    26 Sept. 1799; cupbearer at coronation of George iv 19 July 1821;
    lord lieut. of Berkshire 1828 to death. _d._ Wytham abbey,
    Berkshire 16 Oct. 1854. _bur._ at Rycote 24 Oct.

  ABINGDON, MONTAGU BERTIE, 6 earl of. _b._ Dover st. Piccadilly 19
    June 1808; ed. at Eton and Trin. coll. Cam., M.A. 1829, D.C.L. Ox.
    1834; M.P. Oxfordshire (tory) 5 Aug. 1830–23 April 1831, and 17
    Dec. 1832–1 July 1852, for Abingdon 3 Dec. 1852–16 Oct. 1854, when
    he succeeded; lord lieut. of Berkshire 13 Feb. 1855–1881. _d._ 18
    Grosvenor st. London 8 Feb. 1884. _bur._ Wytham abbey 13 Feb.

  ABINGER, ROBERT CAMPBELL SCARLETT, 2 Baron. _b._ London 5 Sep. 1794;
    barrister I.T. 27 Nov. 1818; M.P. Norwich (conserv.) 7 Jany.
    1835–17 July 1837, for Horsham 28 June 1841–7 April 1844, when he
    succeeded; envoy ex. and min. plen. to Tuscany 13 Dec. 1859–22
    March 1860, when mission was abolished on annexation of Tuscany to
    Sardinia. _d._ Abinger hall near Dorking 24 June 1861.

  ABINGTON, LEONARD JAMES. _b._ London 27 Nov. 1785; edited _The
    Pottery Mercury_ at Hanley Staffordshire 1824; pastor of New st.
    baptist chapel, Hanley 1836–63. _d._ Northwood, Hanley 7 Aug.
    1867. _Personal recollections of late L. J. Abington 1868, pt._

    Abrahall, C. of Badgworth, Somerset_). Barrister I.T. 25 June
    1830; went western circuit; sec. of commissions of the peace to
    lord chancellor; revising barrister S. Lancashire and
    Northumberland; deputy registrar of London court of bankruptcy
    1844–54, registrar 1854–14 Dec. 1861; comr. of Newcastle district
    court of bankruptcy 14 Dec. 1861–31 Dec. 1869, when country
    district courts were abolished, _d._ Wonford house lunatic asylum,
    Heavitree, Exeter 2 Aug. 1874 aged 72.

  ABRAHAM, GEORGE FREDERICK, admitted solicitor Nov. 1805; practised
    in London to death; originated with Thomas Thompson of the Stock
    Exchange the Home Missionary Society 11 Aug. 1819, the
    Congregational Union was merged in it 1827. _d._ 3 Mansfield st.
    Portland place, London 3 Jany. 1870 aged 88.

  ABRAHAM, ROBERT, _b._ Cumberland; ed. for medical profession at
    Univ. of Edin.; served on the press in Cumberland; edited a
    leading Liverpool journal; went to Canada about 1843; Proprietor
    of the _Montreal Gazette_, editor to Dec. 1848, when it was sold;
    admitted an advocate of Lower Canada; edited the _Transcript_ 1849
    to death; edited the _Lower Canada Agricultural Journal_ to death.
    _d._ Montreal 10 Nov. 1854. _Morgan’s Bibliotheca Canadensis_
    (1867) _pp._ 4–5.

  ABRAHAM, THOMAS, _b._ Bampton, Devon 1807; ed. at Blundell’s gr.
    sch. Tiverton; apprenticed to Edward Acton at Grundisburgh,
    Suffolk; studied at Guy’s hospital, London; L.S.A. Dec. 1833,
    M.R.C.S. April 1834; began practise in Old Broad st. 1834; surgeon
    to parish of Allhallows on the Wall for 3 years from Jany. 1835;
    surgeon to London infirmary for diseases of the skin 1836 to its
    close in 1837; member of Health of London association 1847; a
    comr. of sewers to his death; M.D. Erlangen 1851; M.D. Edin. 1859;
    a governor of Dulwich college 1861 to death and of Bridewell and
    Bethlehem hospitals; one of a sub committee of 4 who drew up
    “Report of health of London association on sanitary condition of
    Metropolis”; member of council of Hunterian society; helped to
    found Ragged school in Foster st. city of London; treasurer of
    London philanthropic society, _d._ Marsden villa, Haverstock hill
    16 July 1864 in 57 year. _bur._ Kensal Green 21 July. _Medical
    Circular i_, 10, 25 (1852) _pt._

  ABYSSINIA, ALAM-AYAHU, Prince of. (_son of Theodore King of
    Abyssinia 1818–68_). _b._ Debra Tabor 23 April 1861; arrived in
    England 14 July 1868; ed. at Cheltenham, Rugby and Sandhurst, _d._
    Headingley, Leeds 14 Nov. 1879.

  ACKERLEY, CHARLES HENRY (_younger son of John Hawksey Ackerley,
    barrister, who d. 18 May 1842 aged 73, by Elizabeth dau. of Rev.
    John Chamberlayne of Maugersbury house, Gloucester_). Entered navy
    1 Feb. 1810; lieut. 20 Nov. 1822; commander on half pay 1 July
    1864; presented with large silver medal of Society of arts for his
    safety rods for ships’ boats 2 June 1828; invented a lamp which he
    called the lamp of life; tried at Swansea 27 Feb. 1851 for causing
    death of a miner named Dingle by the use of this lamp, and found
    not guilty; author of _A plan for the better security of vessels
    navigating the river Thames 1834_. _d._ at residence of his sister
    Mrs. Peter Brown at Dover 22 Nov. 1865.

  ACKERS, GEORGE HOLLAND, _b._ 10 Aug. 1812; commodore of royal
    Victoria yacht club 1850–62, this club was founded at Ryde, Isle
    of Wight 24 May 1845, its admiralty warrant is dated 29 July 1845;
    sheriff of Cheshire 1852; author of _Universal yacht signals_
    1847, of which he gave the copyright to Robert Henry Hunt who at
    his suggestion started _Hunt’s Yachting Magazine_ Aug. 1852. _d._
    15 Hyde park terrace, London 20 Jan. 1872.

  ACKERS, JAMES, _b._ 1811; M.P. for Ludlow (conserv.) 3 July 1841–23
    July 1847; purchased estate of Prinknash, Gloucestershire 1847.
    _d._ 27 Sep. 1868.

  ACLAND, JAMES (_son of Mr. Acland of London, Government
    contractor_). _b._ city of London 21 March 1799; ed. at Alfred
    house academy, Camberwell; joined Phillimore’s theatrical company
    at Chew Magna; clerk in office of Hullett Brothers & Company,
    South American merchants, Austin Friars; leading tragedian of
    Royalty theatre, Wellclose square; taught English at Calais; a
    penny a liner in London; sub editor of the _British Traveller_;
    took lodgings in Queen st. Hull 1831; started a publication called
    _The Portfolio, or memoirs and correspondence of an editor_, Aug.
    1831; printed it himself at 23 Queen st.; erected a stall in the
    market place and refused to pay usual fee for it; ran a packet
    called the “Magna Charta” from Hull to Barton on Humber, charging
    less than half fares; ran a light cart over all bridges in the
    town and refused to pay bridge toll, great alarm being created,
    the Mayor swore in 800 special constables, corporation began
    action against him in court of King’s Bench, Jany. 1832; tried at
    York 31 March 1832 for infringement of Barton ferry, when verdict
    went against him with damages one farthing, his costs amounting to
    £270, he barricaded his house for several months to prevent anyone
    entering to arrest him, his _Portfolio_ being sold through a
    crevice in the window; elected churchwarden of Holy Trinity, Hull,
    Easter Monday 1832; taken to gaol for not paying his costs; a
    candidate for office of chamberlain of Hull, Sep. 1832; a grocer
    at 23 Queen st., to which house he gave name of “Anti-corporate
    castle;” confined in the King’s Bench prison, Nov. 1832; sentenced
    to 18 months imprisonment in gaol of Bury St. Edmunds for libel;
    served the full term; contested Hull as a liberal 13 Dec. 1832,
    polled only 433 votes; last number of the _Portfolio_ issued 13
    July 1833, a few sheets followed, which he styled _Prison
    Proverbs_. Proprietor with Richard and Anthony Dugdale of _Paris
    Sun_, “the largest continental journal and the only English paper
    in the world, published daily throughout the year,” was director
    and editor of it at 7 Rue Vivienne, Paris 1 Jany. 1837; only
    number of it in British Museum library is headed “Vol. 2, No. 54,
    Thursday morning, Feb. 23, 1837, 10 sous,” the proprietors were
    condemned by the president of 6th chamber of correctional police
    to a fine to government of 2000 francs, and to payment of 1000
    francs to proprietors of an opposition paper for libel 22 Feb.
    1837; lecturer of Anti-corn law league 1838–46; convened and
    addressed farm labourers of every village in Devon and Cornwall;
    an election and parliamentary agent 1846 to death; a very good
    speaker on nearly any subject; author of _True patriotism_, _a
    poem_ 1817, _The Imperial poll book of all elections from_ 1832 to
    1864, Second ed. 1869. _d._ 14 Ellerslie terrace, Clapham, London
    21 June 1876. _The Bristolian Nos. 1–7, 23 Feb.–11 May 1872_; _W.
    A. Gunnell’s Sketches of Hull celebrities_ 1876, 460–64.

  ACLAND, SIR PEREGRINE FULLER PALMER, 2 Baronet, _b._ 10 Nov. 1789;
    succeeded 23 Feb. 1831. _d._ Fairfield, Bridgwater 25 Oct. 1871.

  ACLAND, SIR THOMAS DYKE, 10 Baronet (_1 son of Sir Thomas Dyke
    Acland, 9 baronet, who d. 17 May 1794, by Henrietta Anne only dau.
    of Sir Richard Hoare, baronet, she d. 2 Sep. 1841_). _b._ London
    29 March 1787; ed. at Harrow and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1808, M.A.
    1814, D.C.L. 1831; one of the founders of Grillion’s club 1812,
    which met at Grillion’s hotel, 7 Albemarle st. London; M.P. Devon
    (tory) 17 Oct. 1812–10 June 1818 and 18 March 1820–23 April 1831;
    M.P. for North Devon 29 July 1837–21 March 1857; head of religious
    party in House of Commons; F.G.S. 1818, F.R.G.S. 1830, F.R.S. 20
    June 1839. (_m._ 7 April 1808 Lydia Elizabeth only dau. of Henry
    Hoare of Fleet st. London, banker, she _d._ 23 June 1856 aged 69).
    _d._ Killerton, Broad Clyst, Devon 22 July 1871. _J. B. Sweet’s
    Life of Henry Hoare_ 1870; _I.L.N. lix_, 99, 116, 121, 362 (1871)
    _pt._ _Grillion’s Club by P. G. E. privately printed_ 1880 _pt._

      NOTE.—His personalty was sworn under £70,000; a statue of him
      by E. B. Stephens, A.R.A., was erected on Northernhay, Exeter

  ACTON, ELIZA (_eld. dau. of John Acton of Hastings, brewer_). _b._
    Battle, Sussex 17 April 1799; published Poems 500 copies 1826, 2
    ed. 1827; lived some time in France; at Tunbridge 1837; at
    Hampstead; author of _The voice of the North, a poem_ 1842;
    _Modern Cookery in all its branches_ 1845, _6 ed._ 1855; _The
    English bread book_ 1857. _d._ Snowdon house, John st. Hampstead
    13 Feb. 1859.

  ACTON, MARIANNE LADY ACTON (_elder dau. of general Joseph Edward
    Acton_). _b._ 1782. _m._ 1796 by dispensation of the Pope, her
    uncle Sir John Francis Edward Acton, 6 baronet, prime minister of
    Naples several years, he was _b._ 1736 and _d._ 12 Aug. 1811. _d._
    Buckland 18 March 1873.

  ACTON, WILLIAM. _b._ 1789; sheriff of Wicklow 1820; M.P. for co.
    Wicklow (conserv.) 17 July 1841–27 April 1848. _d._ Westaston
    Rathdrum, co. Wicklow 10 April 1854.

  ACTON, WILLIAM, _b._ Shillingstone rectory 15 Sep. 1814; placed
    under care of Dr. Mant in London 1830; articled pupil of Charles
    Wheeler, (Apothecary to St. Bartholomew’s hospital) 1830–35;
    Externe at female venereal hospital Paris; Secretary of the
    Parisian medical society 1839; returned to London Oct. 1840;
    M.R.C.S. June 1840; practised in George st. Hanover square
    1840–43; removed to 46 Queen Anne st. Cavendish square March 1843;
    surgeon to Islington dispensary; author of _A practical treatise
    on diseases of the urinary and generative organs_ 1841, _3 ed._
    1860; _Prostitution considered in its moral, social and sanitary
    aspects in London and other large cities_ 1857, _2 ed._ 1870. _d._
    17 Harley st. London 7 Dec. 1875. _Medical Circular i_, 11–12

  ADAIR, SIR ROBERT (_son of Robert Adair, sergeant surgeon to George
    III, who d. 16 March 1790, by Caroline Keppel, 1737–69 elder dau.
    of Wm. Anne 3 Earl of Albemarle_). _b._ London 24 May 1763; ed. at
    Westminster and Univ. of Gottingen; called to the bar at L.I. 27
    April 1785; M.P. Appleby, (whig) 18 June 1799–29 June 1802, for
    Camelford 7 July 1802–29 Sep. 1812; minister to court of Vienna 7
    May 1806–14 May 1807; minister to Constantinople 5 July 1808, and
    ambassador 14 April 1809; sent on a special mission to the Low
    Countries 1831–35; P.C. 23 July 1828; G.C.B. 3 Aug. 1831 for
    negotiating peace between Great Britain and Ottoman Porte in 1809;
    author of _Historical memoir of a mission to court of Vienna in
    1806 with a selection from despatches_, 1844; _The negotiations
    for the peace of the Dardanelles in 1808–1809_, _2 vols._ 1845.
    (_m._ 1805 Angélique Gabrielle dau. of Marquess d’Hazincourt).
    _d._ 11 Chesterfield st. Mayfair, London 3 Oct. 1855. _G.M.,
    xliv_, 535 (1855); _Lord John Russell’s Memorials of C. J. Fox,
    vol. ii, appendix_.

      NOTE.—At his death he was the senior knight of the order of
      the Bath, and the last survivor of those who were knights
      before its enlargement in 1814.

  ADAIR, SIR ROBERT SHAFTO, 1 Baronet (_eld. son of W. Adair of
    Ballymena, co. Antrim 1754–1844, by Camilla dau. of Robert Shafto
    of Benwell, Northumberland, she d. 18 Nov. 1787_). _b._ 26 June
    1786; created Baronet 2 Aug. 1838; sheriff of Suffolk 1846; F.S.A.
    16 May 1861. (_m._ (1) 17 Sep. 1810 Elizabeth Maria dau. of Rev.
    James Strode of Berkhampstead, Herts, she _d._ 1 Sep. 1853. _m._
    (2) 3 Oct. 1854 Jane Anne eld dau. of Rev. Townley Clarkson, V. of
    Hinxton, Cambs, she _d._ 18 March 1873). _d._ Flixton hall,
    Suffolk 24 Feb. 1869.

  ADAM, SIR CHARLES (_eld. son of Wm. Adam 1751–1839, lord chief comr.
    of jury court of Scotland by Eleanora Elphinstone 1749–1800 2 dau.
    of Charles, 10 baron Elphinstone_). _b._ Brighton 6 Oct. 1780;
    entered navy 15 Dec. 1790; captain 12 June 1799; captain of
    Invincible, 74 guns 1811–1813; of Royal Sovereign yacht 15 Dec.
    1814–7 Feb. 1816, and 20 July 1821–27 May 1825; R.A. 27 May 1825,
    V.A. 10 Jany. 1837; commander in chief, North America and West
    Indies 17 Aug. 1841–May 1845, when placed on half pay; admiral 8
    June 1848; M.P. Kinrossshire (lib.) 20 May 1831–3 Dec. 1832; M.P.
    for Clackmannan and Kinross 24 Dec. 1832–23 June 1841; Lord Lieut.
    of Kinross 1 April 1839 to death; 1st naval Lord of Admiralty 25
    April 1835–8 Sep. 1841, and 24 July 1846–20 July 1847; one of
    elder brethren of Trinity House 1839–41; Governor of Greenwich
    hospital 10 July 1847 to death; K.C.B. 10 Aug. 1835. (_m._ 4 Oct.
    1822 Elizabeth dau. of Patrick Brydone of Lennell, F.R.S., she
    _d._ 1871). _d._ Greenwich hospital 16 Sep. 1853, _bur._ there 21

  ADAM, SIR FREDERICK (_younger son of above named Wm. Adam
    1751–1839_). _b._ 1781; ed. at Woolwich; ensign 26 foot 4 Nov.
    1795; lieut. col. 5 garrison battalion Aug. 1804 to 5 Jany 1805;
    lieut. col. 21 foot 5 Jany 1805 to 4 June 1814; served in Sicily
    1806–11; Aide de camp to Prince Regent 8 Feb. 1811; commanded a
    brigade in Spain 1813; the third British brigade at Waterloo 1815;
    and a division at Malta 1817–22; K.C.B. 22 June 1815; G.C.B. 20
    June 1840; G.C.M.G. 27 Dec. 1821; invested at Corfu 15 Jany. 1822;
    grand master; lord high commissioner of Ionian islands 7 April
    1824–8 Sep. 1832; P.C. 29 June 1831; governor of Madras 25 Oct.
    1832–4 March 1837. (_m._ (1) at Corfu 23 June 1820 Diamantino
    Pallatiano, she _d._ at Rome 1 June 1844. _m._ (2) at Kensington
    24 July 1851, Ann Lindsay dau. of John Maberly). _d._ at Greenwich
    railway station 17 Aug. 1853. _Siborne’s War in France and
    Belgium_ 1848; _Napier’s Peninsular War, book xx, chapter 4 and
    book xxi, chapter 2_.

  ADAM, JAMES, _b._ Paisley 1809; worked at the loom; went to London
    1834; edited the Aberdeen Herald 1834 to death; author of _The
    knowledge qualification_: a plan for the reciprocal extension of
    education and the franchise 1837. _d._ Old Aberdeen 10 Nov. 1862.

  ADAM, WILLIAM PATRICK (_elder son of Admiral Sir Charles Adam,
    Governor of Greenwich Hospital_). _b._ 14 Sep. 1823; ed. at Rugby
    and Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1846; called to bar at Inner Temple 4
    May 1849; went home circuit; Sec. to Baron Elphinstone, Governor
    of Bombay Dec. 1853–Sep. 1858; M.P. for Clackmannanshire and
    Kinrossshire (lib.) 2 May 1859–Oct. 1880; a Lord of the Treasury
    April 1865–July 1866, and Dec. 1868–Aug. 1873; first Commissioner
    of Works and Buildings, and Paymaster General 11 Aug. 1873–Feb.
    1874, and April 1880–Nov. 1880; P.C. 9 Aug. 1873; governor of
    Madras 11 Oct. 1880 to death; whip of liberal party April
    1874–April 1880; left for India 27 Nov. 1880. (_m._ 23 Feb. 1856
    Emily Eliza dau. of Sir Wm. Wyllie, K.C.B., she was raised to rank
    of a baronet’s wife 22 May 1882). _d._ Ootacamund, Madras 24 May
    1881. _bur._ there 26 May. _Fraser’s Mag. civ_, 113–22 (1881);
    _Graphic xxiii_, 589 (1881) _pt._; _I.L.N. lxxvii_, 564 (1880)

  ADAMS, ALEXANDER MAXWELL, L.R.C.S. Edin. 1835, F.F.P.S. Glasgow
    1840; M.D. King’s college Aberdeen 1849; professor of Institutes
    of medicine in Anderson’s university Glasgow; senior surgeon Lock
    hospital Glasgow; went to Lanark about 1852; provost of Lanark
    1860 to death; author of _Essay on Scarlet Fever_. _d._ Bloomgate
    st. Lanark 24 July 1867 aged 50.

  ADAMS, ANDREW LEITH (_2 son of Francis Adams of Belfield house,
    Banchory, co. Aberdeen_). Assistant surgeon 64 foot 22 Dec. 1848;
    surgeon major 20 Oct. 1868–23 Jany. 1875, when he retired with
    honorary rank of deputy surgeon general; professor of zoology,
    Royal college of science, Dublin 1873–78; professor of natural
    history, Queen’s college, Cork, Nov. 1878 to death; F.G.S. 1870,
    LLD. Aberdeen 1871, F.R.S. 6 June 1872; author of _Wanderings of a
    naturalist_ 1867; _Notes of a Naturalist_ 1870. (_m._ 26 Oct. 1859
    Bertha Jane, eld. dau. of Frederick Grundy of The Avenue,
    Hardwick). _d._ Queenstown 29 July 1882.

  ADAMS, ARTHUR. Assistant surgeon R.N. 13 Oct. 1841; surgeon 14 April
    1853; employed in the Actæon on surveying service, on coast of
    China and Tartary, Aug. 1856; fleet surgeon 27 May 1865; retired
    27 July 1871; M.R.C.S. 1848; author of _The zoology of the voyage
    of H.M.S. Samarang_ 1850; _Travels of a naturalist in Japan and
    Manchuria_ 1870. _d._ Stoke villa, Honor Oak Kent 16 Oct. 1878
    aged 58.

  ADAMS, ARTHUR ROBARTS (_fourth son of Henry Cadwallader Adams of
    Anstey Hall, Warwickshire 1779–1842 by Emma eld. dau. of Sir Wm.
    Curtis, Lord mayor of London, 1st Bart., she d. 22 June 1857 aged
    76_). _b._ 16 Aug. 1812; ed. at Merchant Taylors’ sch. 1822–30,
    and at St. John’s coll. Ox. 1830–35; B.C.L. 1835, D.C.L. 1840;
    Fell. of his coll. 1835 to death; called to bar at Mid. Temple 11
    Jan. 1839; went Midland circuit; Recorder of Birmingham 20 Jan.
    1866 to death; Q.C. 22 June 1869, Bencher of his Inn 27 Jan. 1870;
    Assessor of Chancellor’s court, Oxford, Nov. 1871–1876. _d._
    suddenly while out shooting in Bagley Wood near Oxford 13 Dec.
    1877. _bur._ Anstey near Coventry 20 Dec. 1877.

  ADAMS, EDWARD MOORE. Practised as a surgeon; Sec. to proprietors of
    Cremorne gardens, London for 30 years before 5 Oct. 1877, when
    they closed; _d._ Bristol 2 June 1881 in 78 year. _bur._ Arno’s
    Vale cemetery 6 June.

  ADAMS, FRANCES MATILDA. Exhibited pictures of flowers at the Royal
    Academy from 1816; water colour painter extraordinary to Queen
    Adelaide. _d._ 24 Oct. 1863 aged 79.

  ADAMS, FRANCIS, _b._ Lumphanan, co. Aberdeen 13 March 1796; ed. at
    Aberdeen; M.R.C.S. 1 Dec. 1815; practised at Banchory-Ternan 1816
    to death; translated Paulus Ægineta, _3 vols._ 1844–47, being the
    only English translation; _Hippocrates_ _2 vols._ 1849, and
    _Aretæus_ 1856; author of _Arundines Devœ, or poetical
    translations on a new principle_ 1853. _d._ Banchory-Ternan 26
    Feb. 1861. _Scotsman 27 Feb. and 9 March 1861._

  ADAMS, FRANK. _b._ 1809; ensign 28 foot 30 Dec. 1826; lieut. col. 28
    foot 16 July 1852–4 March 1866; commanded Mhow division of Bombay
    army 9 Jan. 1866–1869; C.B. 5 July 1855. _d._ at sea, on board the
    Tanjore, on his way home from India 19 Sep. 1869.

  ADAMS, GEORGE, physician general Madras army 6 Feb. 1841–31 Jan.
    1846. _d._ 148 New Bond st. London 11 July 1852.

  ADAMS, SIR GEORGE POWNOLL (_younger son of Wm. Adams 1752–1811, of
    Bowdon near Totnes, Devon, M.P. for Totnes, by Anna Maria dau. of
    Richard Dacres of Leatherhead, Surrey, she d. Bowdon 19 April
    1830_). _b._ Bowdon 1778; Cornet 2nd dragoon guards 5 Oct. 1795;
    lieut. col. 25th dragoons 8 Dec. 1804–25 Dec. 1818; commanded the
    troops at Bangalore 1810–1814; Colonel of 6th dragoons 26 Oct.
    1840 to death; General 11 Nov. 1851; K.C.H. 1831; knighted by the
    king at St. James’s palace 28 Sep. 1831. (_m._ (1) at Totnes,
    Devon 28 Nov. 1804 Elizabeth Lovelace. _m._ (2) 23 July 1821
    Elizabeth 2 dau. of Sir Wm. Elford, Bart., she _d._ 28 Feb. 1857).
    _d._ Temple hill, East Budleigh, Devon 10 June 1856.

  ADAMS, HENRY WILLIAM _b._ 31 Jan. 1805; ensign 12th foot 31 July
    1823; Lieut. col. 18th foot 13 March 1840–12 April 1844; Lieut.
    col. 49th foot 12 April 1844 to death; Brigadier general 21 Feb.
    1854 to death; C.B. 14 Oct. 1841. (_m._ 28 Nov. 1843 his cousin
    Katherine 2 dau. of Rev. Thomas Coker Adams, V. of Anstey,
    Warwickshire, she was raised by royal warrant to the rank of the
    wife of a K.C.B. for which honour her husband was named in the
    London gazette 10 July 1855). _d._ Scutari 19 Dec. 1854.

  ADAMS, JOHN (_3 and youngest son of Simon Adams of East Haddon,
    Northamptonshire, Recorder of Daventry who d. 10 March 1801, by
    Sarah dau. of Cadwallader Coker of Bicester, she d. 17 July 1833
    aged 80_). _b._ 1786; barrister M.T. 27 Nov. 1812; went the
    Midland circuit; Sergeant at law 5 July 1824, patent of precedence
    24 April 1834; J.P. 14 Jan. 1836, steward of Coventry; Chairman of
    Middlesex magistrates March 1836; Assistant judge of Middlesex
    sessions 17 Aug. 1844 to death; author of _A treatise on the
    principles and practice of the action of Ejectment and the
    remitting action of mesne profits 1812_, _4 ed._ 1846. (_m._ (1)
    1811 Eliza only dau. of Wm. Nation of Exeter, she _d._ 12 Aug.
    1814. _m._ (2) 1817 Jane dau. of Thomas Martin of Nottingham, she
    _d._ 19 June 1825. _m._ (3) 28 Dec. 1826 his cousin Charlotte
    Priscilla only dau. of John Coker of Bicester, Oxon). _d._ 9 Hyde
    park st. London 10 Jany. 1856 in his 70th year.

      NOTE.—He had two sons by his 1 wife, namely John Adams, author
      of the Doctrine of equity who _d._ 18 Sep. 1848, and Rev, Wm.
      Adams, author of the Shadow of the cross who _d._ 17 Jan.

  ADAMS, JOHN, apprenticed to J. G. Andrews of London, surgeon;
    studied at the London hospital, M.R.C.S. 3 Oct. 1828, F.R.C.S. 11
    Dec. 1843; assistant surgeon London hospital 1828; and lecturer
    there with James Luke on anatomy and physiology 1833; afterwards
    sole lecturer; senior surgeon, and ultimately consulting surgeon;
    known as “honest Jack Adams”; author of _The anatomy and diseases
    of the prostate gland_ 1851. _d._ 2 Vanbrugh park road west,
    Blackheath 18 Jany. 1877 in his 72nd year.

  ADAMS, ROBERT, _b._ Ireland about 1791; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin,
    B.A. 1814, M.A. 1832, M.D. 1842; apprenticed to Wm. Hartigan,
    surgeon; L.R.C.S.I. 1815, F.R.C.S.I. 1818; surgeon to Jervis st.
    hospital, Dublin; surgeon to Richmond hospital, Dublin 1835–73;
    founded with R. Carmichael and E. Mac Dowel, the Richmond school
    of medicine, afterwards called the Carmichael school; where he was
    professor of surgery; surgeon to Richmond lunatic asylum; pres. of
    royal college of surgeons Ireland 3 times; surgeon to the Queen in
    Ireland 15 Nov. 1861; Regius professor of surgery in univ. of
    Dublin 1861; member of senate of Queen’s univ.; member of Society
    of surgery Paris; author of _A treatise on rheumatic gout_ 1857,
    which became the work on the subject; _Illustrations of the
    effects of rheumatic gout_ 1857. _d._ 22 Stephen’s Green north,
    Dublin 13 Jany. 1875. _bur._ Mount Jerome cemetery 19 Jany.

  ADAMS, VERY REV. SAMUEL (_3 son of rev. Benjamin Adams 1756–1840, R.
    of Kellinick, co. Cavan by Elizabeth dau. of John Clark, she d. 28
    Feb. 1833 aged 77_). _b._ 15 Feb. 1788; preb. of Tirbrien in
    Elphin cathedral 20 March 1813; dean of Cashel 10 Aug. 1829 to
    death; instituted and installed dean 29 Aug.; author of _A
    comparative view of the Anglican and Roman Churches_ 1836. (_m._ 4
    Jany. 1809 Frances youngest dau. of Capt. John Hervey of Killiam
    castle, co. Wexford). _d._ Northlands, co. Cavan 7 Dec. 1856.

  ADAMS, THOMAS. _b._ 5 Sep. 1785; studied music under Thomas Busby
    1796; organist of Carlisle chapel, Lambeth 1802–14; of St. Paul’s,
    Deptford 22 March 1814–1824; and of St. George’s, Camberwell 1824
    to death; St. George’s was opened 26 March 1824, when an anthem by
    him, for 5 voices was performed; organist of St. Dunstan in the
    West, Fleet st. 1833 to death; published many organ pieces, fugues
    and voluntaries, besides 90 interludes, several variations, and
    many vocal pieces. _d._ Addington place, Camberwell, London 15
    Sep. 1858.

  ADAMS, THOMAS. _b._ Worksop 5 Feb. 1807; apprenticed to a draper at
    Newark 1821–28; entered house of Messrs. Boden; a lace merchant in
    Stoney st. Nottingham 1830; built new warehouse in Stoney st., to
    which he removed, 10 July 1855; converted his business into
    company of “Thomas Adams & Co., limited” 1862; chairman and
    managing director 1862 to death; lived at Lenton Firs 1844 to
    death. _d._ there 16 May 1873. _bur._ in cemetery, Nottingham 24
    May; _Memorials of T. Adams, by Rev. W. Milton 1874 portrait_.

  ADAMS, WILLIAM (_youngest son of Patience Thomas Adams of Bushey
    Grove, Herts, Filazer of Court of King’s Bench, who d. 2 May 1793,
    in his 57th year, by Martha only child of Thomas Marsh of London,
    she d. 19 Feb. 1795 in her 54th year_). _b._ 39 Hatton Garden,
    London 13 Jany. 1772; ed. at Tunbridge school; matriculated at
    Trinity Hall, Cam. 17 Dec. 1788; Fell. of his hall to 1803;
    contested the mastership, Dec. 1815; admitted to college of
    Advocates 4 Nov. 1799, lived there 1799–1811; one of the Comrs. to
    prepare tables of fees, and regulate practice of Vice Admiralty
    Courts abroad 14 Nov. 1811; Comr. to negociate and conclude a
    treaty of peace with United States 30 July 1814; Comr. of Inquiry
    into duties of Courts of Justice in England 9 Feb. 1815–1824; one
    of the Plenipotentiaries to treat of, and conclude a convention of
    commerce between Great Britain and United States, June 1815; one
    of Counsel for Queen Caroline’s divorce bill 6 July 1820; retired
    from practice, Sep. 1825; resided at Thorpe in Surrey 1836 to
    death. (_m._ (1) at Kensworth, Herts 31 Aug. 1803 Sarah dau. of
    Rev. Thomas Scott, R. of King’s Stanley, Gloucs, she _d._ 3 Feb.
    1806. _m._ (2) at Marylebone church 6 April 1811 Mary Anne 3 dau.
    of Hon. W. Cockayne of Rushton hall, Northamptonshire, she was
    raised by patent to the rank of a Viscount’s daughter 4 September
    1831, she _died_ 16 June 1873). _d._ Thorpe, Surrey 11 June 1851.
    _bur._ Thorpe churchyard 17 June. _G.M. xxxvi_, 197–200 (1851).

  ADAMS, WILLIAM. Member of firm of Hamilton, Adams & Co. publishers.
    _d._ The Limes, Clapham road 23 Feb. 1872 aged 75.

  ADAMS, WILLIAM BRIDGES. _b._ London 1797; a carriage builder in Long
    Acre; travelled over great part of Europe and America; pupil of
    John Farey civil engineer; invented the fish-joint for railway
    rails 1847, this joint is still universally used on railways; made
    many valuable improvements in rolling stock; manufactured railway
    plant at works at Bow, London but failed; patented improvements in
    carriages, in ship propulsion, guns and wood carving; took out no
    less than 32 patents; author of _English pleasure carriages_ 1837;
    _Railways and permanest way_ 1854; _Roads and Rails_ 1862, and of
    very many articles in scientific and technical periodicals; wrote
    several political pamphlets under the pseudonym of Junius
    Redivivus. (_m._ 1834 Sarah dau. of Benjamin Flower of Great
    Harlow, Essex, she was _b._ 22 Feb. 1805, wrote many poems and
    hymns, and _d._ Aug. 1848). _d._ Broadstairs 23 July 1872. _bur._
    at St. Peters. _Engineering 26 July 1872 p._ 63.

  ADAMS, WILLIAM DACRES. _b._ 16 Dec. 1775; confidential sec. to
    William Pitt during his last administration May 1804 to Feb. 1806;
    a comr. of woods and forests 31 July 1810 to 23 Aug. 1834. _d._
    Sydenham 8 June 1862.

  ADAMS, WILLIAM HENRY (_second son of Thomas Adams of Norman Cross,
    Hunts, by Anna Maria dau. of W. Fair of Romsey, Hants_). _b._
    Norman Cross 1809; compositor in a printing office in London;
    manager of _Lincolnshire Herald_ at Boston 1834; law reporter for
    the _Morning Herald_; barrister M.T. 24 Nov. 1843; went northern
    circuit; Auditor of the Poor law accounts for Lincoln, Nottingham
    and Rutland districts 1856; M.P. for Boston (lib. conserv.) 27
    March 1857 to 23 April 1859; mayor of Boston twice; Recorder of
    Derby 10 Jan. 1859; Attorney General for colony of Hong Kong 19
    April 1859; Mem. of legislative council there 2 Feb. 1860 and
    Chief Justice 5 July 1860. (_m._ (1) 1832 Anne dau. of Thomas
    Walford. _m._ (2) 1 June 1864 Ellen Williams eld. dau. of Edward
    Cobb of Kensington). _d._ Plas Llyssyn, Carno, Montgomeryshire 29
    Aug. 1865. _bur._ Carno 6 Sep. _I.L.N. xxxvii_, 467 (1860)

  ADAMS, WILLIAM HENRY. _b._ Malta; captain 36 foot 3 July 1840 to 7
    June 1844, when placed on half pay; professor of fortification at
    R.M. college, Sandhurst 1845–70. _d._ Athenæum st. Plymouth 20
    Dec. 1883 aged 79.

  ADAMS, WILLIAM JAMES. _b._ London 1809; articled to a solicitor;
    London agent for Bradshaw’s railway map about 1838; published
    Bradshaw’s railway guide for the proprietors at 170 Fleet St.
    1841–43 and at 59 Fleet st. 1843 to death; the 1st number is dated
    Dec. 1841, and consisted of about 38 pages; the continental
    Bradshaw was started 1847. _d._ 59 Fleet st. London 21 Dec. 1873.
    _Athenæum 27 Dec. 1873_; _17 Jany 1874, and 24 Jany 1874_.

  ADAMS, WILLIAM PITT. _b._ 11 Dec. 1804; chargé d’affaires and consul
    general to republic of Peru 30 Nov. 1842 to death. _d._ Lima 1
    Sep. 1852.

  ADAMSON, REV. HENRY THOMAS; ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam., B.D. 1864;
    V. of Benthall Salop 1871–77; chaplain at Turin 1877–78; at Nervi
    1880; author of _The analogy of the faith_ 1869; _The truth as it
    is in Jesus_ 1878; _The three sevens_ 1880; _The Millenium_ 1882.
    _d._ Lyons 29 May 1882 in 66 year.

  ADAMSON, JOHN (_3 son of Cuthbert Adamson, lieut. R.N. by his 2 wife
    Mary dau. of John Huthwaite of Seaton Delaval near Newcastle_).
    _b._ High st. Gateshead 13 Sep. 1787; ed. at Newcastle gr. sch.;
    articled to Thomas Davidson of Newcastle, attorney; practised at
    Newcastle 1808 to death; undersheriff there 1811–36; sec. to
    Newcastle and Carlisle railway company 1829 to death; member of
    Literary and philosophical society of Newcastle 1811, one of its
    secretaries 1825 to death; treasurer and sec. of “The Antiquarian
    society of Newcastle” 11 Feb. 1813 to death; one of the 4 founders
    of Typographical society of Newcastle; K.C. and K.T.S. of
    Portugal; F.L.S. 1823, F.S.A., F.R.G.S. 1830; author of _Memoirs
    of life and writings of Luis de Camoens_ 1820, 2 _vols_;
    _Lusitania illustrata notices of the history of Portugal, 2 parts
    1842–46_. (_m._ 3 Dec. 1812 Elizabeth dau. of Samuel Huthwaite of
    Seaton Delaval, she _d._ 5 July 1855). _d._ 9 Victoria terrace
    Jesmond road, Newcastle 27 Sep. 1855. _bur._ Jesmond cemetery 1
    Oct. _Dibdin’s Northern tour i_, 369–91 (1838); _Martin’s
    Catalogue of privately printed books_ 1834, 419–40.

      NOTE.—His library which contained a probably unrivalled
      collection of books relating to Portugal was nearly entirely
      destroyed by fire 16 April 1849, the remainder was sold at
      Sotheby’s in London 22 May 1856.

  ADCOCK, JAMES. _b._ Eton 1778; chorister in St. George’s chapel
    Windsor and Eton college chapel 1786; lay clerk in St. George’s
    chapel 1797 and in Eton college chapel 1799; member of choirs of
    Trinity, St John’s and King’s colleges Cambridge; master of the
    choristers of King’s college; published several of his glees and
    _The rudiments of singing, with about 30 solfeggi to assist
    persons wishing to sing at sight_. _d._ Union road, Cambridge 30
    April 1860.

  ADDAMS, JESSE (_son of Richard Addams of Rotherhithe, shipbuilder_).
    _b._ 1 Jany. 1786; ed. Merchant Taylor’s sch. 1793; at St. John’s
    coll. Ox. 1804; B.C.L. 1810, D.C.L. 1814; admitted a proctor at
    Doctors Commons 3 Nov. 1814; Q.C. Jany. 1858; author of “_Reports
    of cases argued and determined in the ecclesiastical courts at
    Doctors Commons and in the high court of delegates_,” _3 vols._
    1823–26. _d._ 224 Marylebone road, London 25 May 1871.

  ADDERLEY, ARDEN, entered navy 4 June 1796; Captain 19 July 1814;
    went on half pay 1 Oct. 1846; retired admiral 16 June 1862. _d._
    Hams lodge, Ryde, Isle of Wight 15 Jany 1864.

  ADDINGTON, HENRY UNWIN (_2 son of John Hiley Addington, M.P., P.C.
    who d. 11 June 1818, by Mary dau. of Henry Unwin, she d. 3 Sep.
    1833_). _b._ Blount’s Court near Henley on Thames 24 March 1790;
    ed. at Winchester; envoy extraord. and min. plenipo. at Madrid 10
    Oct. 1829 to 2 Nov. 1833; permanent under secretary of state for
    foreign affairs 4 March 1842 to 9 April 1854; P.C. 15 April 1854;
    F.R.G.S. 1861 and member of council 1861–70. (_m._ 17 Nov. 1836
    Eleanor Anne Bucknall eld. dau. of Thomas Grimston Bucknall
    Estcourt of Estcourt Gloucs, she _d._ 17 Oct. 1877). _d._ 78 Eaton
    place London 6 March 1870.

  ADDIS, BERNARD. _b._ London 28 Feb. 1791; entered Society of Jesus
    at Hodder 14 Oct. 1817; ordained priest at Maynooth college 1 June
    1822; procurator at Mount St. Mary’s college, Derbyshire 1852–59;
    assistant missioner at Skipton, Yorkshire 1863–73. _d._ the
    Novitiate, Manresa house, Roehampton, Surrey 1 Oct. 1879.

  ADDISON, REV. BERKELEY (_son of Rev. Joseph Addison of Weymouth_);
    ed. at Reading gr. sch. and St. Peter’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1839,
    M.A. 1842; R. of Collyhurst, Manchester 1855–60; domestic chaplain
    to Earl Caithness 1856 to death; surrogate 1861; V. of Jesmond,
    Northumberland 1861 to death; member of Newcastle upon Tyne school
    board 25 Jan. 1871 and vice chairman; hon. canon of Durham 1877 to
    death. _d._ Jesmond vicarage 13 Jany. 1882 in 67 year.

  ADDISON, CHARLES GREENSTREET (_youngest son of Wm. Dering Addison of
    Newark house, Maidstone_); barrister Inner Temple 10 June 1842;
    went home circuit; revising barrister for East Kent; author of
    _The history of the knights templars, the Temple church and the
    Temple_ 1842, _3 ed._ 1852; _A treatise on the law of contracts, 2
    vols._ 1845–47, _8 ed._ 1883; _Wrongs and their remedies_ 1860, _5
    ed._ 1879. (_m._ 19 Nov. 1848 Frances Octavia 8 dau. of James
    Wolfe Murray, Lord Cringletie). _d._ 29 Alfred place west, Thurloe
    square London 19 Feb. 1866.

  ADDISON, EDWARD PHILLIPS, stage name of Edward Philip Haddy. _b._
    Plymouth Dock (name changed to Devonport 1 Jany. 1824) 24 Feb.
    1809; acted in the provinces; first appeared in London at Lyceum
    theatre 1 April 1839 in “Dark Events”; acted at Drury Lane,
    Olympic, Prince of Wales’s and Lyceum theatres; played Pickwick in
    Albery’s dramatic version of it at Lyceum theatre 23 Oct. 1871 to
    Nov. 1871; lessee of Doncaster theatre many years. _d._ Plymouth
    16 April 1874. _bur._ there 19 April.

  ADDISON, HENRY ROBERT. _b._ Calcutta; cornet 2 dragoon guards 12
    July 1827; lieut. 15 March 1831 to 21 June 1833 when placed on
    half pay; began writing for the stage 1830; author of about 60
    dramas and farces; lessee of Queen’s theatre London Aug.
    1836–1837; wrote many songs and articles in monthly magazines;
    edited _Who’s Who 1849–50_; special correspondent of a morning
    paper at Paris exhibition 1867; deputy chairman of London
    steamboat company; author of about 12 novels and stories. _d._
    Albion st. Hyde park, London 24 June 1876 aged 71. _Dublin Univ.
    Mag. xviii_, 505 (1841) _portrait_.

  ADDISON, JOHN (_son of John Addison of Preston, recorder of
    Clitheroe who d. 1837 in his 83 year, by Agnes dau. of Thomas
    Batty of Avenham house, Preston_). _b._ Fishergate, Preston 21
    April 1791; ed. at Blanchard’s school, Nottingham; articled with
    Aspden and Shuttleworth of Preston, solicitors; barrister Inner
    Temple 6 Feb. 1818; went northern circuit; recorder of Clitheroe
    1837 to death; judge of county court number 4 circuit, Lancashire
    March 1847 to death; his first court was held at Blackburn 7 June
    1847; presented with valuable piece of plate by registrars of his
    circuit 1857; alderman of Preston 25 Sep. 1832, again 27 Feb.
    1846; mayor 1833 and 1843; councillor for St. John’s ward 1842.
    _d._ Winckley sq. Preston 14 July 1859. _bur._ St. Leonard’s ch.
    Balderston 20 July.

  ADDISON, JOSEPH (_youngest son of Rev. Wm. Addison, R. of Dinsdale,
    Durham_). _b._ 1789; ed. at gr. sch. Richmond, Yorkshire and
    Lincoln coll. Ox., B.A. 1811, M.A. 1813; barrister Inner Temple 28
    Jany. 1831; went northern circuit; bencher of his inn 1857. (_m._
    28 Dec. 1824 Jane 1 dau. of Thomas Beckett of Thornton le Moor
    near Northallerton). _d._ 7 Dean’s yard, Westminster 10 April

  ADDISON, LAURA, stage name of Laura Wilmshurst (_dau. of Thomas
    Wilmshurst of Colchester, grocer_). _b._ Colchester 15 Nov. 1822;
    first appeared on stage at Worcester theatre, Nov. 1843, as Lady
    Townley in _The provoked husband_; played at Glasgow, Dublin and
    Edinburgh; at Sadlers Wells theatre, London 26 Aug. 1846 to 1848;
    at Drury lane 26 Dec. 1849 to 1850; at the Haymarket 6 March 1851
    to 31 July 1851; made her first appearance in New York, at the
    Broadway theatre 29 Sep. 1851, as Lady Teazle in _The school for
    scandal_. _d._ from congestion of the brain, on board the steamer
    Oregon, between Albany and New York 3 Sep. 1852, _bur._ in Second
    Avenue burying-ground, New York. _Theatrical Times, i_, 185 (1847)
    _portrait_; _Tallis’s Drawing room table book_ (1851) 23–24,

  ADDISON, THOMAS (_younger son of Joseph Addison of Long Benton, near
    Newcastle, grocer, who d. 1823 aged 67, by Sarah dau. of Mr. Shaw
    of Newcastle, grocer, she d. 1841 aged 80_). _b._ Long Benton,
    April 1793; ed. at Newcastle gr. school, and Univ. of Edin.; M.D.
    1 Aug. 1815; pres. of royal medical society of Edin. 1814; house
    surgeon to Lock hospital, London; L.R.C.P. 22 Dec. 1819 and
    F.R.C.P. 4 July 1838; a medical officer of general dispensary 8
    years; assistant phys. at Guy’s hospital 1824 and phys. 1837–60;
    lecturer on Materia Medica there 1827–37; and on practice of
    medicine 1837–60; pres. of royal medico-chirurgical society 1849
    and 1850; discovered disease of the supra renal capsules, called
    after him “Addison’s disease.” Author of _The elements of the
    practice of medicine, vol._ 1 only 1839; _On the constitutional
    and local effects of disease of the supra renal capsules_ 1855.
    (_m._ 14 Sep. 1847 Elizabeth Catherine, widow of W. W. Hanxwell,
    she _d._ 30 May 1872 aged 72); placed under medical care, May
    1860; attempted to destroy himself several times. _d._ 29 June
    1860 at 15 Wellington villas, Brighton, from injuries caused by
    jumping down the area there, 27 June, buried near north eastern
    corner of Lanercost abbey churchyard 5 July; _A collection of the
    published writings of the late Thomas Addison, M.D._ 1868; _H.
    Lonsdale’s Worthies of Cumberland, iv_, 239–72 (1873) _portrait_;
    _Munk’s Roll of physicians, 2 ed. iii_, 205–211 (1878).

      NOTE.—A bust of him by Joseph Towne, is in the pathological
      museum of “Guys,” one of the medical wards in new portion of
      the hospital is named after him, and in the chapel there is a
      marble tablet to his memory.

  ADDISON, THOMAS BATTY (_eld. son of John Addison of Preston,
    barrister who d. Nov. 1837 in 83 year, by Agnes dau. of Thomas
    Batty of Avenham house, Preston_). _b._ Fishergate, Preston 17
    June 1787; ed. at Charter house; barrister Inner Temple 1 July
    1808; went northern circuit; recorder of Preston 1819 to death; a
    magistrate for Lancashire 1821; chairman of Preston quarter
    sessions 1821 to March 1874; commissioner of Bankrupts for Preston
    district. _d._ 23 Winckley square, Preston 6 June 1874.

  ADDISON, WILLIAM, L.S.A. 1824, M.R.C.S. 1825, F.R.S. 29 Jany. 1846,
    F.R.C.P. 1858; Gulstonian lecturer 1859; physician Brighton and
    Hove dispensary; author of _A dissertation on the Malvern water_
    1828; _Cell therapeutics_ 1856. _d._ 10 Albert road, Brighton 26
    Sep. 1881 in 80 year.

  ADEANE, HENRY JOHN. _b._ Babraham, Cambs. 9 June 1833; M.P. for
    Cambs. (lib.) 6 April 1857 to 6 July 1865. _d._ 8 Seamore place,
    London 17 Feb. 1870.

  ADEY, REVEREND JOHN. _b._ Painswick, Gloucs. 15 May 1793; in
    business at Winslow, Bucks; began first voluntary Sunday school in
    Gloucester; founded a Sunday school at Great Horwood; ordained
    congregational minister there 1820; moved to Cranbrook, Kent then
    to Ramsgate; minister at Horselydown, Surrey 1836–58; at Bexley
    Heath, Kent 1858–68 when he retired; author of _The eleventh hour_
    1835; _The convert from popery_ 1851. _d._ Bexley Heath 16 Dec.
    1869. _bur._ Abney Park cemetery.

  ADIE, ALEXANDER JAMES. _b._ Edinburgh 1775; an optician there; much
    employed by all kinds of inventors to give their schemes a
    practical form; erected on his house in Merchant court an
    observatory, long before any public observatory existed in Edin.;
    invented the sympiesometer 1818 which contributed much to the
    safety of shipping; F.R.S. Edin. _d._ Canaan near Edinburgh 4 Dec.

  ADIE, ALEXANDER JAMES (_son of the preceding_). _b._ Edinburgh 1808;
    ed. at the high school and univ.; apprenticed to James Jardine,
    C.E.; resident engineer of Bolton Chorley and Preston railway
    1836; engineer and manager of Edinburgh and Glasgow railway to
    about 1863; made a series of important experiments on the
    expansion of stone by heat; M.R.S. Edin. 1846. _d._ Rockville near
    Linlithgow 1879.

  ADOLPHUS, JOHN LEYCESTER (_only son of John Adolphus 1768–1845,
    barrister, F.S.A., by Martha Elizabeth only dau. of Rev. Ralph
    Leycester of White place, Berks_). _b._ 11 May 1795; ed. at
    Merchant Taylor’s school 1802–11, head monitor, elected to
    fellowship at St. John’s coll. Ox. 1811; Newdigate English verse
    prizeman 1814; B.A. 1815, M.A. 1819; visited Sir Walter Scott at
    Abbotsford; barrister Inner Temple 21 June 1822; went northern
    circuit; Bencher of his inn 1851; reported in Court of King’s
    Bench, first with Richard Vaughan Barnewall 1831–35, then with
    Thomas Flower Ellis 1835–52; solicitor general of county palatine
    of Durham; judge of county courts circuit 44 Marylebone, Oct. 1852
    to death; sat for the first time 14 Oct. 1852; author of _Letters
    to Richard Heber, Esq., containing critical remarks on the series
    of novels, beginning with “Waverley,” and an attempt to ascertain
    their author_; author with Richard Vaughan Barnewall, of _Reports
    in court of King’s Bench 1830–34, 5 vols._ 1831–35; with Thomas
    Flower Ellis, of _Reports in court of King’s Bench and Queen’s
    Bench 1834–41, 12 vols._ 1835–42 and _Queen’s Bench reports, new
    series 1841–52, 18 vols._, 1842–56; _Letters from Spain_ 1858,
    _and of many metrical jeux d’esprit_. (_m._ 10 Sep. 1822 Clara
    dau. of Rowland Richardson of Streatham, Surrey). _d._ 12 Hyde
    park sq. London 24 Dec. 1862. _G.M. xiv_, 246 (1863).

  ADY, JOSEPH (_son of John Ady of London, recording clerk of the
    Society of Friends, who d. 17 Nov. 1812 aged 68_). _b._ London
    1775 or 1776; a hatter and hosier at 6 Charlotte st. Wapping;
    hatter at 11 Circus, Minories 1831–33; accountant at same address
    1833; was accustomed to examine lists of unclaimed dividends,
    estates and bequests, and to send letters always unstamped to all
    persons he could find who were called by any of the names
    mentioned in the lists, stating to each person that on his
    remitting a fee of 20/- he would be informed of something to his
    advantage. The Lord Mayor, Sir Peter Laurie, in 1833, publicly
    advertised people to be cautious of him, and the Court of Aldermen
    the same year directed measures to be taken against him. His
    lucrative trade was at last stifled by a new section in the Post
    Office Act, which made the writers of letters that were refused,
    liable for the postage; he then resorted to a new device, this was
    to post his letters really unstamped, but bearing marks on them as
    of stamps removed, so as to furnish ground for his asseveration
    that stamps had really been put on them. In the year 1835 he was
    indicted by the Rev. Francis Tebbutt for a misdemeanour, under
    statute 7 & 8, George iv, cap. 29 sec. 53, for obtaining a
    sovereign by various false pretences, he was tried at the Central
    criminal court 7 Feb. 1835, found guilty and sentenced to 7 years
    transportation, which was commuted to 1 year’s imprisonment in the
    House of Correction. He was sent to prison again in the year 1851
    for a similar offence, but was released early in 1852 by order of
    the Home Secretary in consequence of his declining health. _d._ 89
    Fenchurch st. London 17 July 1852 aged 77. _bur._ Friend’s burial
    ground, Whitechapel 22 July. _Central criminal court minutes of
    evidence, by Henry Buckler, i_, 646–52 (1835); _De Quincey’s
    Works, vi_, 258, 327 (1862). The epistle of which the following is
    an exact copy, was received by the Duke of Wellington 5 Dec. 1833,
    and sent by him to the Lord Mayor the next day:

      MY LORD,

      The undersigned is able to inform you of something
      considerably to your advantage on receipt of 20 shillings, by
      post office order or otherwise for his trouble.

                                     Yours respectfully,
                                       JOSEPH ADY, Accountant,
                                             11 Circus, Minories,

      Nov. 29th, 1833.

          No letters received unless postpaid.

          To His Grace The Duke of Wellington,
                                   Strathfieldsaye, Hants.

  The annexed is copied from a letter of his, which was received by a
    gentleman in the country.

      “The undersigned is able to inform you of something
      considerably to your advantage (value £100 and upwards), on
      receipt of 20/- by order on Whitechapel post office as an
      equivalent for his trouble and costs generally.

                                     JOSEPH ADY, Accountant,
                                       No. 5 York St Charlotte St.
                                     ¼ mile East of Whitechapel Chh.

      Personally known to each of the Aldermen of London, having
      been a Freeman and Housekeeper 50 years.

      April 5th, 1847.

      Should you find any difficulty in getting the money, the Rt.
      Hon. Sir Peter Laurie, Deputy Lord Mayor, will frank you from
      all Expenses except Postage, which you must pay both ways. In
      your reply be pleased to copy the Marks of Reference, F. 1847,
      Page 6.”

  ADY, VENERABLE WILLIAM BRICE (_son of Wm. Ady, comr. of the Gun
    Wharf, Devonport_). _b._ 1816; ed. at Eton; entered Ex. coll. Ox.
    29 Oct. 1834, B.A. 1838, M.A. 1841; V. of Little Baddow, Essex
    1842–57 and Rector 1857 to death; archdeacon of Colchester Dec.
    1864 to death. (_m._ 10 April 1844 Emilia 3 and youngest dau. of
    Rev. Brook Henry Bridges, R. of Danbury, Essex). _d._ Little
    Baddow 21 April 1882. _bur._ Little Baddow churchyard 27 April.
    _Statute 29 & 30 Vict. cap. 111, sections 15 and 16._

  AFFLECK, SIR GILBERT, 5 Baronet. _b._ 9 June 1804; succeeded 7 May
    1851. _d._ Calverley park, Tunbridge Wells 18 Nov. 1854.

  AFFLECK, REV. SIR ROBERT, 4 Baronet. _b._ 27 Jany. 1765; ed. at
    Westminster, captain of the school 1782; and at Ch. Ch. Ox.; B.A.
    1787, M.A. 1790; Preb. of York cathedral 8 May 1802 to death; V.
    of Doncaster 1807–17; V. of Silkstone near Barnsley 1817–37;
    succeeded 10 Aug. 1833. _d._ Dalham hall near Newmarket 7 May

  AFFLECK, SIR ROBERT, 6 Baronet. _b._ Retford Notts 28 July 1805;
    succeeded 18 Nov. 1854; sheriff of Suffolk 1875. _d._ Dalham hall
    9 Oct. 1882.

  AGAR, SIR EMANUEL FELIX, lieutenant 1 life guards 15 Nov. 1804;
    major 2 life guards 28 April 1814 to April 1815; M.P. for Sudbury
    (lib.) 5 May 1807 to 29 Sep. 1812; knighted by the Prince Regent
    at Carlton house 18 July 1812. (_m._ 21 Aug. 1811 Margaret
    youngest dau. of Edward George Lind of Stratford place, London,
    she _d._ 10 Aug. 1863). _d._ 6 Langham st. Marylebone, London 28
    Aug. 1866 aged 85.

  AGAR, HONORABLE GEORGE CHARLES (_2 son of Most Rev. Charles Agar
    1736–1809, 1 Earl of Normanton Abp. of Dublin, by Jane eld. dau.
    of Wm. Benson of Downpatrick, she d. 25 Oct. 1826_). _b._ 1 Aug.
    1780; ed. at Westminster and Ch. Ch. Ox., M.A. 1807; ensign 3 foot
    guards 21 Jany. 1804; lieut. 1 June 1809 to 5 Nov. 1811 when he
    retired; F.R.S. 7 June 1832. _d._ Ropley house Alresford, Hants 24
    Jany. 1856.

    Agar, 1 Earl of Normanton_). _b._ 10 July 1781; ed. at Westminster
    and at Ch. Ch. Ox.; preb. of Timothan in St. Patrick’s cathedral,
    Dublin 16 Nov. 1805; R. of St. Nicholas without, Dublin 1806; R.
    of Caningallen, Leitrim 1809; archdeacon of Kilmore 1810 to death.
    (_m._ 7 July 1829 Louisa youngest dau. of Samuel Thompson of
    Greenmount, co. Antrim). _d._ 6 Sep. 1866.

  AGER, JOSEPH (_son of Joseph Ager of London, apothecary_). _b._
    London; entered at Pembroke coll. Ox. 1 April 1800 aged 18,
    Ossulston scholar; B.A. 1803, M.A. 1807, M.B. 1807, M.D. 1810;
    fellow of his college; F.R.C.P. 30 Sep. 1811, Gulstonian lecturer
    1812, and Censor 1815, 1825 and 1835; delivered the Materia Medica
    lectures 1827–28: F.R. Med. and Chir. soc. 1814; assistant phys.
    to Marylebone infirmary many years; greatly assisted Robert
    Hooper, M.D. in the formation of his pathological museum. _d._ 85
    Great Portland st. London 17 July 1857 in 77 year.

  AGLIO, AGOSTINO. _b._ Cremona 15 Dec. 1777; painter at Rome 1797;
    went to England, Dec. 1803; painted scenery at the Opera house,
    London 1804, and at Drury Lane theatre 1806; largely employed in
    decoration of country mansions in England and Ireland; decorated
    Pantheon in Oxford st. 1811; ceiling of R.C. chapel in Moorfields
    1819 where he also executed the altarpiece; produced many easel
    pictures about 1820; exhibited 22 pictures at British Institution,
    8 at the Suffolk st. gallery 1825–56, and 13 at the R.A. 1830–46;
    painted 2 portraits of the Queen; decorated the Olympic theatre,
    which was reopened 26 Dec. 1849; published _Mexican Antiquities_
    _9 vols._ 1830–48; drew many works in lithography. _d._ 87
    Beresford st. Walworth 30 Jany. 1857. _bur._ Highgate cemetery.

  AGLIONBY, HENRY AGLIONBY. _b._ 28 Dec. 1790; M.P. for Cockermouth
    (lib.) 12 Dec. 1832 to death. _d._ The manor house, Caterham,
    Surrey 31 July 1854. _I.L.N. vi_, 184 (1845) _portrait_.

  AGNESI, LOUIS FERDINAND LEOPOLD, stage name of L. F. L. Agniez. _b._
    Erpent, Belgium 17 July 1833; ed. at the Conservatoire, Brussels;
    a baritone singer of the first rank; member of Italian opera
    company at Drury Lane; sang at the fifth triennial Handel festival
    at Crystal palace 19–26 June 1874. _d._ 56 Loudoun road, Hampstead
    2 Feb. 1875.

  AGNEW, THOMAS. _b._ Liverpool Dec. 1794; fellow student with John
    Gibson the sculptor; partner with Vittoria Zannetti of Market st.
    lane, Manchester 1816, who was then the only art dealer in the
    north of England except Burland of Liverpool; carried on business
    in Exchange st. Manchester 1826 to Oct. 1861 when he retired;
    published many works of art and not less than 1000 engravings;
    alderman of Salford from its incorporation 16 April 1844 and mayor
    1850; gave many pictures and prints to the free museum and library
    at Peel park, Salford. _d._ Fair Hope, Eccles. Manchester 24 March
    1871. _bur._ churchyard of St. Mark’s Worsley 29 March.

  AHMUTY, JAMES, 2 Lieut. Bengal artillery 7 Sep. 1791; colonel
    commandant 29 Aug. 1824 to death; general 15 Sep. 1855. _d._ 14
    Chesham place, Belgrave sq. London 12 Jany. 1864 aged 89.

  AIKENHEAD, MARY (_eld. child of David Aikenhead of Cork, physician
    who d. 28 Dec. 1801, by Mary eld. dau. of Mr. Stacpole of Cork,
    merchant, she m._ (2) _Mr. Bernard of Palace Anne and _d._ 1809_).
    _b._ Cork 19 Jany. 1787; received into R. C. church 6 June 1802
    and confirmed 2 July 1802; took name of Sister Mary Augustine,
    June 1812; superior of the first convent of sisters of charity
    William st. Dublin Aug. 1815 to 1827; made her perpetual vows 9
    Dec. 1816; superior of convent at Sandymount 16 Aug. 1831;
    superior general of the Irish foundation of Sisters of charity
    1843; lived at convent of Our Lady’s Mount, Harold’s Cross, Dublin
    Sep. 1845 to death. _d._ Our Lady’s Mount, 22 July 1858. _Mary
    Aikenhead by S.A. 2 ed. revised 1882, portrait._

  AIKIN, ARTHUR (_1 son of John Aikin, M.D. of Warrington, Lancs.
    1747–1822 by Martha dau. of Arthur Jennings of Harlington,
    Bedford, she d. 1830 aged 83_). _b._ Warrington 19 May 1773; ed.
    there and at Palgrave in Norfolk; studied classics under Gilbert
    Wakefield, and chemistry under Dr. Priestley; settled in London
    1796; one of the founders of Geological Society of London 1807,
    which was incorporated 23 Apl. 1823; one of the secretaries and a
    member of council; lecturer on chemistry at Guy’s hospital
    1816–52; secretary of Society for encouragement of arts,
    manufactures and commerce 1817–40, where he read more than 40
    lectures; chairman of its committee of chemistry 1840; the first
    treasurer of Chemical Society 30 March 1841; F.L.S. 1818; the
    first hon. sec. of Institution of Civil Engineers 2 Jany. 1818;
    one of specially selected members of the Athenæum club; much
    employed in drawing specifications of patents for improvements in
    chemical manufactures, in which Lord Lyndhurst held him to excel
    all other persons; made many chemical analyses for patentees and
    public companies; lived at 19 John st. Adelphi 1817–40; at 7
    Bloomsbury sq. 1840 to death; edited _The annual review_
    1802–1806; author of _Journal of a tour through north Wales, and
    part of Shropshire_ 1797; _Manual of mineralogy_ 1814, _2 ed._
    1815. _d._ 7 Bloomsbury sq. London 15 April 1854. _J. Kendrick’s
    Profiles of Warrington worthies, 2 ed._ 1854, _portrait_;
    _European Mag. lxxv_, 387 (1819) _portrait_; _Proc. of Linnæan
    society, ii_, 304–306 (1855); _Minutes of proceedings of
    institution of civil engineers, xiv_, 120–23 (1855).

  AIKIN, LUCY (_only dau. of John Aikin, M.D. of Harrington
    1747–1822_). _b._ Warrington 6 Nov. 1781; author of _Epistles on
    women, a poem_ 1810, _Lorimer, a tale_ 1814, _Memoirs of the court
    of Queen Elizabeth_, _2 vols._ 1818; _Memoirs of the court of King
    James I_, _2 vols._ 1822; _Memoirs of the court of King Charles
    I_, _2 vols._ 1833; _Life of Addison_ 1843; lived at Church row,
    Hampstead, June 1822 to 1830; at 18 Church row 1830–44; in London
    1844–45; at Wimbledon 1845–50; at John st. Hampstead 1850 to
    death. _d._ Milford house, Hampstead 29 Jany. 1864. _bur._ near
    east end of old churchyard of Hampstead. _Memoirs, miscellanies
    and letters of the late Lucy Aikin, edited by P. H. Le Breton_
    1864; _J. Kendrick’s Profiles of Warrington worthies, 2 ed._ 1854,

  AIKMAN, JAMES. A bookseller in Edinburgh; author of _Poems, chiefly
    lyrical_ 1816; _An account of the tournament at Eglinton_ 1839;
    _The animal kingdom_ 1861; editor and proprietor of a weekly paper
    called _The Star_. _d._ Edinburgh 21 May 1860 aged 81.

  AILESBURY, CHARLES BRUDENELL-BRUCE, 1 Marquess of (_3 and youngest
    son of Thomas Bruce 1 earl of Ailesbury 1729–1814, by his 1 wife
    Susanna dau. of Henry Hoare of Stourhead, Wilts and widow of
    honble. Charles Boyle, she d. 4 Feb. 1783_). _b._ Seamore place
    Mayfair, London 12 Feb. 1773; M.P. for Marlborough (tory) as
    Charles B. B. Bruce commonly called Lord Bruce 30 May 1796 to 19
    April 1814, when he succeeded; col. of Wiltshire yeomanry
    1798–1811; col. commandant of Wiltshire militia 25 July 1811 to
    1827; K.T. 20 May 1819; created Viscount Savernake of Savernake
    Forest co. Wilts, Earl Bruce of Whorlton co. York, and Marquess of
    Ailesbury co. Buckingham 17 July 1821. (_m._ (1) 10 April 1793
    Henrietta Maria 1 dau. of Noel Hill, 1 baron Berwick, she _d._ 2
    Jany. 1831. _m._ (2) 20 Aug. 1833 Maria Elizabeth youngest dau. of
    honble. Charles Tollemache and widow of Charles John Clarke, she
    was _b._ 27 Oct. 1809). _d._ Tottenham park near Marlborough 4
    Jany. 1856. _bur._ in family vault in parish church of Great
    Bedwyn, Wilts 12 Jany.

    (_elder son of the preceding_). _b._ Lower Grosvenor st. London 20
    Nov. 1804; ed. at Ch. Ch Ox.; lieut. col. commandant Wilts
    yeomanry cavalry 30 June 1837 and col. 1 April 1876 to death;
    summoned to house of Lords in his father’s barony of Bruce 10 July
    1838; kept a racing stud 1840 to death; won the St. Leger with St.
    Albans 12 Sep. 1860; succeeded his father 4 Jany. 1856; aide de
    camp to the Queen with rank of colonel 13 March 1857 to death;
    P.C. 18 June 1859; master of the horse to the Queen 24 June 1859
    to July 1866 and 16 Dec. 1868 to Feb. 1874; lord lieut. of Wilts
    25 March 1863 to death; K.G. 23 May 1864; succeeded his cousin as
    8 Earl of Cardigan 28 March 1868. (_m._ 11 May 1837 Mary Caroline
    2 dau. of George Augustus Herbert, 11 Earl of Pembroke, she was
    _b._ 22 March 1813). _d._ Savernake park, Marlborough 6 Jany.
    1878. _Baily’s Mag. iv_, 217–20 (1862) _portrait_.

  AILSA, ARCHIBALD KENNEDY, 2 Marquess of (_1 son of Archibald
    Kennedy, styled Earl of Cassilis 1794–1832, by Eleanor only dau.
    of Alexander Allardyce of Dunottar, co. Kincardine, she d. 16 Nov.
    1832_). _b._ Dunottar, Aug. 1816; succeeded his grandfather 8 Sep.
    1846; K.T. 7 March 1859; Lord. lieut. of Ayrshire 7 Dec. 1861 to
    death. (_m._ 10 Nov. 1846 Julia 2 dau. of Sir Richard Mounteney
    Jephson, 1 baronet). _d._ Culzean castle, Maybole, N.B. 20 March
    1870 from injuries received in the hunting field.

  AINGER, REV. THOMAS (_youngest son of William Ainger of Whittlesea,
    Cambs._) _b._ Whittlesea 1 Aug. 1799; ed. at Norwich gr. school
    and St. John’s Coll. Cam.; B.A. 1821, M.A. 1824; C. of St. Giles
    ch. Reading 1 Sep. 1822; Asst. minister of St. Mary’s, Greenwich
    1825; P.C. of Hampstead 28 March 1841 to death; founded in
    Hampstead, the Parochial Association in aid of the Society for the
    propagation of Gospel 1845; founded the Church Extension
    Association 1858; Preb. of St. Paul’s Cath., Aug. 1859; preached
    his last sermon Easter day 5 April 1863. (_m._ 4 Aug. 1828 Frances
    only dau. of Wm. Barnard of Deptford Green). _d._ the Parsonage,
    Hampstead 15 Nov. 1863. _bur._ in churchyard of parish church 20
    Nov. _The last sermons of the Rev. Thomas Ainger, M.A., with a
    memoir of the author prefixed_ 1864.

  AINSLIE, FREDERICK GEORGE. 2 lieut. 21 foot 24 April 1828; lieut.
    col. 23 April 1852 to death. _d._ on board the “Andes” in Scutari
    harbour 14 Nov. 1854 aged 45, of wounds received at battle of
    Inkerman 5 Nov.

  AINSLIE, REV. GILBERT (_youngest son of Henry Ainslie, M.D. of Hall
    Garth Lancashire, he was senior wrangler 1781 and d. 1834, by
    Agnes dau. of Wm. Ford of Coniston Water Head_). _b._ 1793; ed. at
    Charterhouse and Pemb. coll. Cam. 8 wrangler and B.A. 1815, M.A.
    1818; foundation fellow of his college 1816; treasurer, tutor,
    bursar and lecturer; laid first stones of university library at
    Cam. Sep. 1837, and of the Fitzwilliam museum 2 Nov. 1837; Master
    of his college 15 Aug. 1828 to death; Vice Chancellor of the Univ.
    1828 and 1836. (_m._ 2 Dec. 1829 Emily 2 dau. of Wm. Coxhead Marsh
    of Park hall, Essex). _d._ Pembroke college lodge 9 Jany. 1870.
    _bur._ at Over Kellet, Lancs. 14 Jany.

  AINSLIE, HUGH. _b._ Bargeny Mains, parish of Dailly, Ayrshire 5
    April 1792; emigrated to New York 1822; established several
    breweries, mills and factories in the western States; author of _A
    pilgrimaqe to the land of Burns_ 1822; _Scottish songs, ballads
    and poems_ 1855. _d._ Louisville Kentucky 11 March 1878.

  AINSLIE, SIR ROBERT SHARP, 2 Baronet. _b._ 1777; M.P. for Mitchell,
    Cornwall 6 July 1802 to 24 Oct. 1806; succeeded 22 July 1812. _d._
    Chingford, Essex 14 March 1858.

  AINSWORTH, JAMES (_son of Jeremiah Ainsworth of Manchester_). _b._
    Manchester 5 March 1783; ed. at Manchester free gr. sch. and by
    Rev. Joshua Brookes; apprenticed at the infirmary Manchester 1798;
    studied at Univ. of Edin.; surgeon to the infirmary Manchester
    1806; the first to commence anatomical lectures in Manchester; one
    of the ablest operators of his day, and the first who tied the
    internal iliac artery successfully; one of the founders of Natural
    history society, and of Botanical and horticultural society;
    member of Manchester literary and philosophical society Jany. 1805
    to death; hon. F.R.C.S. 1843. _d._ Cliff point, Higher Broughton
    near Manchester 28 Oct. 1853. _Admission Register of Manchester
    school ii_, 202–204 (1868).

  AINSWORTH, PETER, _b._ 24 Nov. 1790; M.P. for Bolton, (radical) 9
    Jany. 1835 to 23 July 1847. _d._ Smithills hall, Bolton 18 Jany.

  AINSWORTH, WILLIAM HARRISON (_elder son of Thomas Ainsworth of
    Manchester, solicitor 1778–1824, by Ann Harrison 1778–1842 eld.
    dau. of Rev. Ralph Harrison of Manchester, Presbyterian
    minister_). _b._ King st. Manchester 4 Feb. 1805; ed. at the free
    gr. sch. 1817–22; articled 1821 to Alexander Kay of Manchester,
    solicitor; a publisher in London 1826–27; edited _Bentley’s
    Miscellany_, March 1839 to Dec. 1841; author of _Jack Sheppard_,
    _3 vols._ 1839 which was produced in dramatic form simultaneously,
    at Adelphi, Queen’s, Sadler’s Wells, Victoria and Pavilion
    theatres in London, Oct. 1839; received £1000 from the ‘_Sunday
    Times_’ for ‘_Old St. Paul’s_’ 1841, and another £1000 for the
    ‘_Lancashire Witches_’ 1848; edited _Ainsworth’s Magazine_, Feb.
    1842 to 1854; purchased _New monthly magazine_ from Henry Colburn
    1845; purchased _Bentley’s Miscellany_ 1854 and combined with it
    Ainsworth’s Magazine, Jany. 1855; gave the flitch of bacon at
    Dunmow in Essex 19 July 1855 and 25 July 1857; granted a civil
    list pension of £100 a year 10 Dec. 1868; entertained at a banquet
    in the town hall, Manchester by the mayor, Thomas Baker 15 Sep.
    1881; lived at the Elms, Kilburn; at Kensal manor house; at
    Brighton; at Tunbridge Wells; at Reigate. (_m._ 11 Oct. 1826 Anne
    Frances younger dau. of John Ebers of John st. London, publisher,
    she _d._ 6 March 1838). _d._ St. Mary’s road, Reigate 3 Jany.
    1882. _bur._ Kensal Green cemetery 9 Jany. _Manchester quarterly_,
    _i_, 136–55 (1882) _portrait_; _Maclise portrait gallery_ (1883)
    256–62, _portrait_; _J. H. Friswell’s Modern men of letters_
    (1870) 257–72; _Illustrated Review_, _ii_, 321–23 (1872)
    _portrait_; _Horne’s New spirit of the age_, _ii_, 215–22 (1844).

      NOTE.—His novel _Mervyn Clitheroe_ is autobiographical; in
      March 1878 he presented a life size portrait of himself,
      painted by H. W. Pickersgill, about 1841 to the Chetham
      Library Manchester; the best portrait of him is the figure in
      the vignette by Cruikshank, which forms the standing title to
      monthly editorial gossip in early numbers of Ainsworth’s
      magazine. He was caricatured unmercifully by Thackeray in
      Punch. His books and the MSS. of 18 of his novels were sold by
      Sotheby in London for £463, 21–22 Aug. 1882. He was the author
      of upwards of 40 works of fiction.

  AIRD, DAVID MITCHELL. Compositor at The Sun newspaper office,
    London; started a bimonthly magazine called _The Student_ which
    lasted 6 months; edited _The Mirror_ 1843; printed for the
    Countess de Brunetiere Tallien the first daily French paper
    published in England 1851 which failed; barrister M.T. 11 June
    1867; wrote several books under pseudonym of Pamphilius. _d._ 2
    Sussex gardens, Hyde park, London 15 June 1876. _Head and Heart
    legacy by Pamphilius_ 1861, _portrait_.

  AIRD, THOMAS (_2 child of James Aird of Bowden, Roxburghshire,
    portioner or farmer who d. aged 86, by Isabella Paisley, she d.
    aged 86_) _b._ Bowden 28 Aug. 1802; ed. there, at Melrose and at
    Univ. of Edinburgh; edited _Edinburgh Weekly Journal_ 1833;
    _Dumfriesshire and Galloway herald_ at Dumfries 1835–63; presided
    at Scott centenary at Dumfries 9 Aug. 1871; author of _The old
    bachelor in the Scottish village_ 1845; _Poetical works_ 1848, _5
    ed._ 1878; contributed poetry and prose to _Blackwood’s Magazine_,
    _d._ Dumfries 25 April 1876. _bur._ near Robert Burns in St.
    Michael’s churchyard 1 May. _Poetical works of T. Aird with a
    memoir by Rev. J. Wallace_, _5 ed._ 1878, _portrait_.

  AIREY, RICHARD AIREY, 1 Baron, _b._ Newcastle April 1803; ed. at
    Sandhurst; ensign 34 foot 15 March 1821; lieut. col. 10 Feb. 1838
    to 12 Feb. 1847 when placed on half pay; military sec. to
    commander in chief 1 Oct. 1852 to 17 April 1854; quartermaster
    general in the Crimea 1 Sep. 1854 to Nov. 1855; quartermaster
    general of the forces 26 Dec. 1855 to 31 Oct. 1865; governor and
    commander in chief at Gibraltar 10 Nov. 1856 to 4 Sep. 1870; col.
    17 foot 20 July 1860 to 1 May 1868; col. 7 foot 1 May 1868 to
    death; adjutant general 1 Oct. 1870 to 31 Oct. 1876; general 9
    April 1871; pres. of commission of inquiry into results of new
    short service system 1879; K.C.B. 5 July 1855, G.C.B. 13 March
    1867; created Baron Airey of Killingworth, Northumberland 29 Nov.
    1876. _d._ the Grange, Leatherhead 13 Sep. 1881. _bur._ Kensal
    Green cemetery 17 Sep. _A. W. Kinglake’s History of the war in the
    Crimea_ (1863–75); _Sir A. M. Tulloch’s The Crimean commission_
    1881; _I.L.N. lxix_, 500, (1876), _portrait_.

  AIRLIE, DAVID GRAHAM DRUMMOND, 5 or 7 Earl of. _b._ London 4 May
    1826; succeeded 20 Aug. 1849; a representative peer for Scotland
    18 March 1850 to death; F.R.G.S. 1859; K.T. 12 March 1862; high
    comr. to general assembly of Church of Scotland 1872–73. _d._ at
    an hotel in Denver city, Colorado 25 Sep. 1881. _bur._ Cortachy,
    Forfarshire 3 Nov.

  AITCHISON, GEORGE. _b._ Leyton, Essex 21 Dec. 1792; student at Royal
    academy; clerk of the works to St. Katherine’s dock company 1827,
    docks were opened 25 Oct. 1828; A.I.C.E. 1828; district surveyor
    of Woolwich 1844. _d._ Muscovy court, Trinity square, London 12
    June 1861. _Minutes of proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxi_, 569–71

  AITCHISON, SIR JOHN (_3 son of Wm. Aitchison of Drummore, East
    Lothian, by Jane eld. dau. of James Mylne of Langridge, East
    Lothian_). _b._ 1789; ensign Scots fusilier guards 25 Oct. 1805;
    lieut. col. 11 Aug. 1837 to 23 Nov. 1841; commanded Mysore
    division of Madras army 2 June 1845 to 1851; col. 72 foot 29 Dec.
    1851 to 27 Aug. 1870; general 30 July 1860; col. Scots fusilier
    guards 27 Aug. 1870 to death; K.C.B. 21 June 1859; G.C.B. 13 March
    1867. (_m._ 31 Oct. 1857 Ellen Elizabeth youngest dau. of Thomas
    Mayhew of Fairfield house, Suffolk). _d._ 4 Devonshire place,
    London 13 May 1875.

  AITKEN, DAVID. Educ. high school and univ. of Edinburgh; D.D. 8 July
    1843; licensed by presbytery of Edin. 28 March 1821; minister of
    parish of Minto 14 Sep. 1827 to 16 Nov. 1864; lived in Edin. 1866
    to death; corresponded with Georg Hegel the German philosopher;
    offered chair of church history in univ. of Edin. 1843; wrote an
    article on German literature in Edinb. Review, xlvi, 304–51
    (1827); F.R.S. Edin. 1868. _d._ Charlotte square, Edin. 27 March

  AITKEN, JOHN. Member of Manchester geological society 1863, pres.
    twice; author of part of _Thomas Newbigging’s History of the
    forest of Rossendale_ 1868, and of many papers in geological
    periodicals. _d._ Clifton villas, Urmston 29 July 1884 aged 64.

  AITKEN, REV. ROBERT (_son of Robert Aitken_). _b._ Crailing near
    Jedburgh 22 Jany. 1800; a schoolmaster in Sunderland; ordained
    deacon by Bishop Van Mildert 1823; minister of Wesleyan Zion
    chapel, Waterloo road, Liverpool to 20 Dec. 1840; C. of
    Perranuthnoe, Cornwall 1842–44; domestic chaplain to Earl of
    Caithness 1844–64; minister of Episcopalian church, Coatbridge
    about Oct. 1847 to 1848 or 1849; V. of Pendeen, Cornwall 1849 to
    death; the church, of which he was the architect, was built for
    him by his parishioners 1854; domestic chaplain to Earl of
    Seafield 1864 to death; well known throughout England as a
    preacher of almost unrivalled fervour; author of many sermons and
    pamphlets. _d._ on platform of Great Western railway station,
    Paddington 11 July 1873. _bur._ Pendeen 18 July. _Boase and
    Courtney’s Bibliotheca Cornubiensis i_, 2 _and iii_, 1025; _John
    Smith’s Our Scottish clergy 2 Series_ 80–87 (1849); _Church Times
    6 Aug. to 24 Sep. 1875_.

  AITKEN, ROBERT DICKSON. _b._ Hawick, Roxburghshire 8 May 1801; a
    gardener, then a horsebreaker; left Hawick 1857; purchased estate
    of Reston Mains, Berwickshire, worth many thousands; tried in the
    sheriff court at Greenlaw 31 May 1860, for making people of Dunse
    believe he was heir to a large estate, when found guilty and
    sentenced to 6 months imprisonment with hard labour; his career
    was dramatised by George Duckenfield, theatrical manager; he
    played the chief part in this drama at Berwick and other border
    towns; delivered a lecture in Hawick 31 May 1864 entitled “How I
    did the Dunse dunces.” _d._ the poor house, Hawick 30 April 1879.

  AITKEN, WILLIAM. _b._ Dunbar 1814; kept a school at
    Ashton-under-Lyne; went to the United States 1842; grand master of
    the Odd-fellows there 1846; author of _A journey up the Mississipi
    river_; and of articles in the _Quarterly magazine of
    Odd-fellows_; committed suicide at Ashton 27 Sep. 1869. _Quarterly
    magazine of Odd-fellows i_, 129–32 (1858) _portrait_.

  AITKEN, WILLIAM COSTEN. _b._ Dumfries 3 March 1817; worked for R. W.
    Winfield of Birmingham, brassfounder 1844–64; took out a patent
    for ornamenting cornice poles, &c. with porcelain or glass which
    was much used; manager at Skidmore’s Art manufacturing company,
    Coventry, retired 1872; chief organiser of Industrial Exhibition
    at Bingley house, Birmingham 1849, from which Prince Albert took
    the idea of Exhibition of 1851; contributed descriptive notes
    signed W.C.A. to Illustrated catalogue of Great Exhibition 1851;
    wrote about a third of _Birmingham and the Midland hardware
    district_ 1865; wrote in the _Art Journal_. _d._ Birmingham 23
    March 1875. _Birmingham Daily Post 24 March 1875_.

  AITON, JOHN (_youngest son of Wm. Aiton 1760–1848, sheriff
    substitute of Lanarkshire_). _b._ Strathaven, June 1797; studied
    theology at univ. of Edinburgh; licensed by presbytery of Hamilton
    30 Nov. 1819; minister of parish of Dolphington 14 April 1825 to
    death; D.D. Glasgow, March 1836; author of _Life and times of
    Alexander Henderson_ 1836; _Clerical Economics_ 1842, _2 ed._
    1846; _The lands of the Messiah, Mahomet, and the Pope_ 1852;
    _Manual of domestic economy_ 1857. _d._ Pyrgo park, Havering,
    Essex 15 May 1863.

  AITON, JOHN TOWNSEND. Gardener at Kensington palace 1831 to death.
    _d._ Kensington palace 4 July 1851 aged 74.

  AKERMAN, JOHN YONGE (_son of John Akerman of St. Mary Newington,
    Surrey who d. 2 Nov. 1835 aged 50_). _b._ London 12 June 1806;
    F.S.A. 16 Jany. 1834; started the _Numismatic Journal_ June 1836,
    the first English periodical devoted to the illustration of coins;
    one of the secretaries of Numismatic society 1836–60, the first
    regular meeting was held 22 Dec. 1836; edited _Journal of
    Numismatic Society_ 1837–60; and _Numismatic Chronicle_ 1838–60;
    gold medallist of French Institute; joint sec. with Sir Henry
    Ellis of Society of Antiquaries 2 May 1848 and sole sec. 1853–24
    June 1860; lived at Abingdon 1860 to death; author of _Numismatic
    Manual 1832_; _Descriptive catalogue of rare Roman coins, 2 vols._
    1834; _Legends of old London_ 1853 and 18 other books; author of
    many papers in the _Archæologia_ and _Numismatic Journal_. _d._
    Abingdon 18 Nov. 1873. _Numismatic Chronicle xiv_, 13–19 (1874).

  AKHURST, WILLIAM. _b._ Hammersmith 29 Dec. 1822; went to Australia
    1850; sub-editor and musical critic on the _Argus_ daily paper in
    Melbourne; wrote 14 pantomimes; wrote _The siege of Troy_
    burlesque which was performed 60 nights, a run without precedent
    in Australia; returned to England 1870; wrote pantomimes for
    Astley’s, Pavilion, and Elephant and Castle theatres. _d._ on
    board the “Patriarch” on his voyage to Sydney 7 June 1878.

  ALABASTER, HARRY. Interpreter in consulate Bangkok Siam 30 Nov. 1864
    to 31 Dec. 1871; author of _The modern Buddhist, translated by
    H.A._ 1870; _The wheel of the law, Buddhism, illustrated from
    Siamese sources_ 1871. _d._ Bangkok Siam 8 Aug. 1884.

  ALBANO, BENEDETTO. _b._ in kingdom of Naples about 1796; fled to
    England at the Bourbon restoration 1815; employed by Messrs.
    Rennie in London; naturalised by 1 & 2 Vict. cap. 42, 9 May 1838;
    converted Covent garden theatre into an opera house at a cost of
    nearly £30,000, 1846; A.I.C.E. 1831, M.I.C.E. 1840. _d._ 75
    Welbeck st. Cavendish sq. 7 Nov. 1881.

  ALBANY, LEOPOLD GEORGE DUNCAN ALBERT, 1 Duke of (_8 child and 4 son
    of Queen Victoria_). _b._ Buckingham palace 7 April 1853. K.G. 24
    May 1869, K.T. 24 May 1871; matric. at Univ. of Ox. (Ch. Ch.)
    1872; D.C.L. 1876; P.C. 1874; admitted by patrimony to freedom of
    city of London 25 Oct. 1875; a younger brother of the Trinity
    House 1875; an elder brother 1878; G.C.S.I. 25 Jany. 1877; a
    bencher of Lincoln’s Inn 18 June 1877; G.C.M.G. 24 May 1880;
    created Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, and Baron Arklow 24 May
    1881. _d._ Villa Nevada, Cannes at 2 a._m._ 28 March 1884. _bur._
    royal tomb, St. George’s chapel, Windsor 5 April. _Graphic_,
    _xxix_, 317–22 and 341–61 (1884) 2 _portraits_; _I.L.N. lxxxiv_,
    313–29 (1884), 4 _portraits_.

  ALBEMARLE, AUGUSTUS FREDERICK KEPPEL, 5 Earl of. _b._ 2 June 1794;
    M.P. for Arundel (whig) as Viscount Bury 8 March 1820 to 2 June
    1826; succeeded as 5 Earl 30 Oct. 1849, but never took his seat in
    House of Lords; declared to be of unsound mind on an inquisition
    Dec. 1849. _d._ Blacklands house asylum, King’s Road, Chelsea 15
    March 1851.

    Coburg 26 Aug. 1819; baptised in the Marble hall at the Rosenau 19
    Sep. 1819 when he received the following names in the order in
    which they are given, Franz Karl August Albrecht Immanuel; ed. at
    Brussels and Bonn 1836–38; invested with the order of the Garter
    at Gotha 23 Jany. 1840; received the title of Royal Highness by
    patent 6 Feb. 1840; naturalized by act of parliament 3 and 4 Vict.
    cap. 2, 7 Feb. 1840; Field Marshal 8 Feb. 1840. _m._ at the chapel
    royal, St. James’s Palace, London 10 Feb. 1840 Queen Victoria;
    G.C.B. 6 March 1840, acting great master 31 May 1843; Colonel 11
    Hussars 30 April 1840 to 25 April 1842; appointed Regent 4 Aug.
    1840; admitted to the freedom of city of London 28 Aug. 1840; P.C.
    11 Sep. 1840; ranger of Windsor park 6 April 1841; pres. of fine
    arts commission 22 Nov. 1841; lord warden of the Stannaries, and
    chief steward of the Duchy in Cornwall and Devon 16 April 1842;
    colonel Scots Fusilier guards 25 April 1842 to 25 Sep. 1852;
    governor and constable of Windsor castle 18 May 1843 to death;
    captain general and colonel of the Artillery company 20 Sep. 1843;
    elected chancellor of Univ. of Cam. 27 Feb. 1847, by a majority of
    112 over Earl Powis, installed chancellor 6 July 1847; organised
    the Great Exhibition of 1851; colonel in chief of 60th or King’s
    Royal rifle corps 15 Aug. 1850 to 23 Sep. 1852; of the Rifle
    brigade 23 Sep. 1852 to death; master of the Trinity house 19 Oct.
    1852 to death; colonel of Grenadier guards 23 Sep. 1852 to death;
    created Prince Consort by patent 25 June 1857; pres. of British
    Association at Aberdeen 14 Sep. 1859; G.C.S.I. 25 June 1861;
    composed many songs and chorales; the “Athalie” and “Œdipus” of
    Mendelssohn were first performed in this country at Windsor castle
    by his command. _d._ at Windsor castle at 10.50 p._m._ 14 Dec.
    1861. _The life of The Prince Consort by Theodore Martin 5 vols._
    1874–80, 5 _portraits_; _The early homes of Prince Albert by
    Alfred Rimmer_ 1883; _Medical Times and Gazette ii_, 638–42

  ALCHIN, WILLIAM TURNER. _b._ St. Mary-at-Hill Billingsgate, London
    1790; a solicitor at Winchester; compiled indexes to
    ecclesiastical registers of Winchester and Salisbury; librarian of
    Guildhall library, London 1845 to death; compiled indexes to the
    ancient records of the corporation of London; and calendar of the
    wills enrolled in the court of Hustings of London. _d._ Chelsea 3
    Feb. 1865.

  ALCOCK, THOMAS SAINT LEGER. Major 95 foot 2 Feb. 1844 to 21 April
    1846 when placed on half pay; lieut. colonel 1 or royal East
    Middlesex militia 30 Jany. 1851 to 21 July 1871; colonel 21 July
    1871 to death. _d._ 22 Somerset st. Portman sq. 7 Aug. 1882.

    June 1808; succeeded 4 Oct. 1849; took out 5 patents for
    Improvements in aerial navigation 1854–57. _d._ Alicante, Spain 19
    Dec. 1875.

  ALDER, JOSHUA (_son of Mr. Alder of Newcastle, provision merchant
    who d. Nov. 1808_). _b._ Dean st. Newcastle 7 April 1792; ed. at
    Tanfield school; member of Literary and Philosophical society of
    Newcastle Feb. 1815; a provision merchant at Newcastle to 1840;
    collected the large museum of shells and zoophytes which with his
    library was presented by Sir Wm. Armstrong to Natural history
    society of Northumberland and Durham; this society founded in 1839
    and the Tyneside Naturalists Field Club founded in 1846 owed very
    much to Alder, pres. of this club 1849; granted a civil list
    pension of £70 18 June 1863; author with Albany Hancock of the
    great monograph _On the British Nudibranchiate Mollusca_ 1845–55
    (Ray, Society); wrote more than 50 papers all zoological in the
    chief natural history periodicals. _d._ Newcastle 21 Jany. 1867.
    _Natural history trans. of Northumberland and Durham i_, 324–37
    (1867), _portrait_.

  ALDERSON, SIR EDWARD HALL (_eld. son of Robert Alderson, recorder of
    Norwich who d. 4 Dec. 1833 aged 80, by a dau. of Samuel Hurry of
    Yarmouth, she d. 1791_). _b._ Yarmouth 11 Sep. 1787; ed. at
    Scarning Norfolk, the Charterhouse, and Caius coll. Cam.; Browne’s
    medallist 1807; senior wrangler, first Smith’s prizeman and first
    chancellor’s medallist Jany. 1809; B.A. 1809, M.A. 1812; fellow of
    his college 1809–23; barrister I. T. 28 June 1811; a comr. for
    amendment of the law 1828; sergeant at law 11 Nov. 1830; justice
    of court of Common Pleas 12 Nov. 1830; knighted by William iv at
    St. James’s palace 17 Nov. 1830; baron of court of Exchequer 29
    April 1834 to death; published with R. V. Barnewall _Reports of
    cases in court of King’s Bench_, _5 vols._ 1818–22. (_m._ 1823
    Georgina 3 dau. of Rev. Edward Drewe of the Grange near Honiton,
    Devon, she _d._ 1871). _d._ Beechwood park Hemel Hempstead, Herts
    27 Jany. 1857. _bur._ churchyard of Risby near Bury, Suffolk.
    _Selections from the charges of Baron Alderson by C. Alderson_

  ALDERSON, SIR JAMES (_son of John Alderson, M.D. of Hull 1758–1829
    by Sarah dau. of Christopher Scott_). _b._ Hull 1800; ed. at Hull
    and Pembroke coll. Cam.; 6 wrangler 1822; B.A. 1822, M.A. 1825;
    fellow of his college 1823; incorporated M.A. at Magdalen hall,
    Ox. 1826; B.M. 1826, D.M. 1829, D.C.L. 1870; inceptor candidate
    college of physicians 26 June 1826; candidate 30 Sep. 1829; fellow
    30 Sep. 1830; senior censor 1848 and 1856; treasurer 1854–67;
    pres. 1867–70; physician at Hull 1829–45; in London 1845 to death;
    F.R.S. 17 June 1841; senior physician of St. Mary’s hospital,
    Paddington 1851–67; consulting physician 1867; representative of
    Royal college of physicians at the general medical council 27
    Jany. 1864 to 13 May 1867; knighted by the Queen at Windsor castle
    11 Nov. 1869; one of Her Majesty’s physicians extraordinary 30
    Aug. 1875; _Lumleian_ lecturer 1852 and 1853; delivered Harveian
    oration 1854 and 1867; author of _Diseases of the Stomach and
    alimentary canal_ 1847. (_m._ 24 June 1828 Mary Anne dau. of Peter
    Berthon of Glenadda, Carnarvon, she _d._ 5 March 1877). _d._ 17
    Berkeley sq. London 13 Sep. 1882. _Medical Circular i_, 27 (1852)

  ALDHAM, WILLIAM CORNWALLIS. _b._ 21 Sep. 1809; Captain R.N. 9 May
    1853; captain Greenwich hospital 12 Jan. 1863 to 1 Oct. 1865;
    retired V.A. 30 July 1875; C.B. 22 Sep. 1858. _d._ Assoint Upper
    Nile 27 Feb. 1878.

  ALDIS, SIR CHARLES (_7 son and one of 22 children of Daniel Aldis of
    Hoxne, Suffolk, surgeon_). _b._ Dickleborough, Norfolk 1776;
    apprenticed to his father 1789; studied at Guy’s and Bartholomew’s
    hospitals; surgeon to the sick and wounded at the depôt for
    prisoners of war at Norman Cross, Hunts 1797–99; practised at
    Hertford 1800–1802; in London 1802; M.R.C.S. 1803; senior surgeon
    New Finsbury dispensary 1831; founded Glandular institution for
    the cure of cancer and scrofula in Clifford st. about 1820,
    surgeon there. _d._ 13 Old Burlington st. London 28 March 1863.
    _Biographical memoirs of Sir Charles Aldis and Dr. Aldis_,
    _privately printed_ 1852, _portrait_.

  ALDIS, CHARLES JAMES BERRIDGE (_eldest son and survivor of 14
    infants of the preceding_). _b._ London 16 Jany. 1808; admitted
    into St. Paul’s school 9 May 1815; exhibitioner to Trinity coll.
    Cam. July 1827; B.A. 1831, M.B. 1832, M.A. and L.M. 1834, M.D.
    1837; studied at St. George’s hospital, London; F.R.C.P. 1838,
    member of council, delivered Harveian oration 1859; physician to
    London dispensary 1839; lectured at Charlotte st. school of
    medicine 1841; phys. to Surrey dispensary 1843; physician to St.
    Paul and St. Barnabas dispensary which was founded 1848; medical
    officer of health for St. George’s Hanover square 1855 to death;
    superintended Hunterian school of medicine several years; invented
    an instrument for examination of the chest. (_m._ 9 Nov. 1835
    Emily Arabella dau. of Rev. John Brome of Trinity college
    Cambridge). _d._ 45b Chester sq. London 26 July 1872.
    _Biographical memoirs of Sir C. Aldis_ 1852, _portrait_.

  ALDRIDGE, IRA FREDERICK, known as the African Roscius (_son of Rev.
    Daniel Aldridge, minister of Calvinistic chapel, Green st. New
    York who d. Sep. 1840_). _b._ Bell Air, Harford, Maryland 1804;
    ed. at Schenectady college near New York and the Univ. of Glasgow;
    made his first appearance on the stage at the Royalty theatre
    London as Othello 1826; played 7 weeks at the Coburg theatre
    London in 1826, then in the provinces Scotland and Ireland; acted
    Othello at Covent garden 10 April 1833; acted Aaron in Titus
    Andronicus at Britannia theatre 15 March 1852, first time acted
    since 1721; played with great success in Germany 1852–55; received
    large gold medal of Art and Science from the King of Prussia 25
    Jany. 1853, the only other persons who had been so distinguished
    being Humboldt, Spontini and Liszt; played in Sweden 1857, made
    several tours in Russia; naturalised in England 7 Nov. 1863. _d._
    Lodez, Poland 7 Aug. 1867. _Theatrical times iii_, 121–23 (1848),
    _portrait_; _Tallis’s Drawing room table book_ (1851) 15–16, 2
    _portraits_; _N. and Q. 4 series x_, 132, 373 (1872).

  ALEX, EPHRAIM. _b._ Cheltenham Dec. 1800; a dentist at 35 Brook st.
    Grosvenor sq. London; founded Jewish board of guardians for the
    relief of Jewish poor 1859; the first pres. of it 1859–69, this
    board was really the pioneer of charitable organisation societies
    in England; warden of the great synagogue. _d._ 5 Chichester st.
    Harrow road, London 13 Nov. 1882. _bur._ Willesden cemetery 16

  ALEXANDER, ALEXANDER (_only son of Wm. Humphrys of Birmingham,
    merchant, who d. 1 May 1807, by Hannah youngest child of Rev. John
    Alexander of Dublin, presbyterian clergyman, she d. 12 Sep.
    1814_). _b._ 21 June 1783; went abroad with his father 1802;
    detained prisoner in France till 1814; kept a school called
    Netherton house academy near Worcester 1815; assumed name of
    Alexander by royal license 8 March 1824; took title of Earl of
    Stirling and Dovan 7 Feb. 1826; tried at Edinburgh 29 April to 4
    May 1839 for forging documents to prove his title, when acquitted.
    (_m._ 4 Jany. 1812 Fortunata Maria Gertrude only dau. of Giovanni
    Bartoletti of Naples). _d._ 1859. _W. C. Townsend’s Modern state
    trials i_, 403–68 (1859).

  ALEXANDER, ANDREW. Professor of Greek in the University of St.
    Andrews 1820 to death; M.A. St. Andrews 1846. _d._ St. Andrews 5
    June 1859.

  ALEXANDER, CHARLES CARSON. 2nd lieut. R.E. 20 July 1813;
    superintended exhuming body of Napoleon at St. Helena 15 Oct.
    1840; lieut. col. R.E. 2 Feb. 1848 to death; commanded the R.E. in
    the Crimea 22 Sep. 1854 to death. _d._ of apoplexy in his tent
    before Sebastopol 19 Oct. 1854.

  ALEXANDER, CHARLES REVANS, Educ. at Eton; M.R.C.S. 1840; constructed
    many chess problems. _d._ 6 Cork st. London 9 Sep. 1871.

  ALEXANDER, HENRY. M.R.C.S. 1805, F.R.C.S. 1844; F.R. Med. and Chir.
    soc. 1813; surgeon to the Eye infirmary Cork st. London; surgeon
    oculist to Queen Victoria 1838 to death; F.R.S. 22 April 1847.
    _d._ 6 Cork st. London 17 Jany. 1859 aged 76.

  ALEXANDER, HENRY. _b._ 9 April 1787; a director of the H.E.I.Co. 8
    March 1826; M.P. for Barnstaple (tory) 10 June 1826 to 24 July
    1830. _d._ Belmont, Herts 14 Jany. 1861.

  ALEXANDER, REV. JOHN (_son of Rev. Wm. Alexander_). _b._ Lancaster
    19 Dec. 1792; entered Hoxton academy 13 Aug. 1814; a chapel was
    built for him at Norwich which was opened 1 Dec. 1819; ordained 31
    May 1820; pastor of this chapel to April 1866; chairman of
    Congregational Union of England and Wales 1853; author of sermons
    entitled _The preacher from the press, 2 vols._ 1838. _d._ Norwich
    31 July 1868. _bur._ the Rosary cemetery, Norwich 4 Aug. _The
    Congregational year book 1869_, _pp._ 234–36.

      NOTE.—He was to Norwich what John Angell James was to
      Birmingham and Thomas Raffles to Liverpool.

  ALEXANDER, JOHN HENRY. _b._ Dunbar, July 1796; actor at Queen’s
    theatre, Glasgow 1810; member of Murray’s company in Edinburgh
    1816; managed the Caledonian theatre, Edinburgh; Lessee of
    Dumfries and Carlisle theatres; stage manager at Newcastle;
    manager of Dunlop st. theatre, Glasgow and of theatres at Carlisle
    and Dumfries, and Adelphi theatre, Edin. 1822–29; proprietor of
    Dunlop st. theatre, Glasgow, the most elegant in Scotland (which
    he built) 1829–1851; the best actor of Scottish characters, except
    Charles Mackay. _d._ Glasgow 15 Dec. 1851.

      NOTE.—On 17 Feb. 1849, 65 persons were killed in attempting to
      escape from the gallery of his theatre, an alarm having spread
      that it was on fire.

  ALEXANDER, JOHN HOBHOUSE INGLIS. _b._ 1832; captain R.N. 16 Aug.
    1863; naval aide-de-camp to the Queen 21 April 1875 to death; C.B.
    30 Nov. 1864. _d._ Mentone 22 Nov. 1875.

  ALEXANDER, NATHANIEL. _b._ Hillsborough, co. Down, Aug. 1815; M.P.
    for co. Antrim (conserv.) 14 April 1841 to 1 July 1852. _d._
    Ardimersey cottage, Islay 5 Jany. 1853.

  ALEXANDER, ROBERT. _b._ Paisley; ed. at Paisley gr. sch.; conducted
    _Clydesdale journal_ at Hamilton and at Glasgow; conducted the
    _Western luminary_ at Exeter, about 2 years; edited the _Watchman_
    in London; managed the _Morning journal_ to 1830, when he was
    prosecuted for libel, and condemned to one year’s imprisonment in
    Newgate, and fined £300, 10 Feb. 1830; edited the _Liverpool
    Standard_; founded the _Liverpool Mail_ 1836, edited it 1836 to
    death. _d._ Great Crosby near Liverpool 9 Feb. 1854 in his 59
    year. _G.M. xli_, 429–30 (1854).

  ALEXANDER, SIR ROBERT, 2 Baronet. _b._ 16 Dec. 1769; succeeded 1809.
    _d._ 35 St. James’s place, London 1 Dec. 1859.

  ALEXANDER, ROBERT. In the navy 1810–19; ensign Madras army 12 June
    1819; adjutant general 24 Sep. 1839 to 15 Aug. 1849; col. 24 N.I.
    16 Aug. 1851 to 1869; general 25 June 1870, retired 31 Dec. 1877.
    _d._ 6 Marloes road South Kensington 16 May 1879 in his 81 year.

  ALEXANDER, ROBERT. _b._ 2 July 1813; in the Bengal civil service
    1832–61; C.B. 18 May 1860. _d._ Schuls, Lower Engadine 16 Aug.

  ALEXANDER, THOMAS. _b._ Preston-pans near Edinburgh; entered army
    medical service 10 Oct. 1834; served in the west Indies, Nova
    Scotia, Canada, Cape of Good Hope, Turkey, the Crimea and Canada;
    had charge of the light division throughout the Crimean war;
    inspector general (local rank) 21 July 1856; director general of
    army medical department 22 June 1858 to death; hon. surgeon to the
    Queen 16 Aug. 1859 to death; C.B. 4 Feb. 1856. (_m._ Mary Alice
    eld. sister of T. Heath Haviland, lieutenant governor of Prince
    Edward island, she _d._ 12 April 1881). _d._ 26 Norfolk square
    Hyde Park, London 1 Feb. 1860.

      NOTE.—A statue of him by Wm. Brodie was unveiled at
      Preston-pans by Lord Elcho Sep. 1862.

  ALEXANDER, WILLIAM. Lieut. col. 2 Bengal light cavalry 21 Aug. 1849
    to death; C.B. 9 June 1849. _d._ Dorundah, Bengal 2 Oct. 1851.

  ALEXANDER, REV. WILLIAM. _b._ Chapel Rosan, parish of Stoneykirk,
    Wigtonshire 21 Feb. 1763; a carpenter in Lancaster 1783–1802;
    pastor of Independent ch. at Prescot near Liverpool 1802–10;
    ordained 23 Oct. 1805; pastor at Leigh 20 Jany. 1811; pastor at
    Church Town 1 May 1825 to death. _d._ Southport 23 Jany. 1855.
    _Memoir of Rev. W. Alexander, by Rev. John Alexander_ 1856;
    _Evangelical mag. March 1823_, _portrait_.

  ALEXANDER, WILLIAM. _b._ 1794; a writer to the signet in Edin. 1819;
    principal clerk and registrar of Commissary Court of Edin. 21 Dec.
    1849 to death; author of _Abridgment of acts of Sederunt_ 1838;
    _An abridgment of acts of parliament of Scotland_ 1841; _Plan and
    description of the original electro-magnetic telegraph by the
    inventor_ 1851. _d._ 21 Dec. 1859.

  ALEXANDER, WILLIAM. In Nelson’s fleet 1805; surveyor of shipping to
    the underwriters and Mersey dock and harbour board, Liverpool
    nearly 50 years. _d._ 4 Mount Vernon Green, Liverpool 11 Feb.
    1884, in 97 year.

  ALEXANDER, SIR WILLIAM JOHN, 3 Baronet _b._ 1 April 1797; ed. at
    Trin. coll. Dub. and Trin. coll. Cam.; B.A. Dub. 1817, incorp.
    B.A. Cam. 1825, M.A. 1825; barrister M.T. 8 Feb. 1825; went Oxford
    circuit; Q.C. 10 July 1844; Bencher of his inn 1844; attorney
    general to Prince of Wales 24 June 1853; succeeded as 3 baronet 1
    Dec. 1859; one of council of Prince of Wales 27 Jany. 1864. _d._
    22 St. James’s place, London 31 March 1873. _I.L.N. xlii_, 400
    (1863) _portrait_.

  ALEXANDER, REV. WILLIAM LINDSAY. _b._ Edinburgh 24 Aug. 1808; ed. at
    univs. of Edin. and St. Andrew’s; classical tutor in Lancashire
    college 1828; minister of Newington chapel, Liverpool 2 years;
    pastor of Augustine church, Edin.; principal of theological hall
    of Scottish congregational churches; member of Old Testament
    revision company 1870; author of the 3 articles _Moral philosophy,
    Scripture, and Theology in 8 ed. of Encyclopedia Britannica_;
    F.R.S. Edin. _d._ Pinkieburn near Edin. 20 Dec. 1884. _Our
    Scottish clergy, 2 series_ 1849, _pp._ 199–204.

  ALFORD, REV. HENRY (_3 son of Rev. Samuel Alford, Dean of St.
    Burian, Cornwall, who d. 15 Aug. 1799_). _b._ Curry Rivell
    Vicarage 3 Dec. 1782; ed. at Crewkerne, Bridgwater and Tiverton
    schools; entered Wad. Coll. Ox. 1800; B.A. 1804, M.A. 1811; Fellow
    of his college; barrister I.T. 22 Nov. 1811; ordained at Quebec
    chapel, Lon. to curacy of Steeple Ashton, Wilts 13 June 1813; R.
    of Ampton, Suffolk 1826–42; R. of Winkfield 1833–35; R. of Aston
    Sandford, Bucks July 1836 to 1850. (_m._ (1) 20 Dec. 1809 Sarah
    Eliza 3 dau. of Thomas Bradley Paget of Tamworth, Staffs. banker.
    _m._ (2) 11 Aug. 1831 Susanna eld. dau. of Thomas Barber of
    Stukeley, Hunts). _d._ Tunbridge 22 Sep. 1852. _Memorial of Rev.
    Henry Alford by Henry Alford, B.D._ 1855.

  ALFORD, VERY REV. HENRY (_only child of the preceding by his first
    wife_). _b._ 25 Alfred place Bedford sq. London 7 Oct. 1810; ed.
    at Charmouth in Dorset and Ilminster gr. school; matric. from
    Trin. coll. Cam. 13 Nov. 1828; scholar 1830, Bell scholar March
    1831; 34 wrangler and 8 classic 1832; B.A. 1832, M.A. 1835, B.D.
    1849, D.D. 1859; ordained at Exeter Cathedral to curacy of Ampton,
    Suffolk 27 Oct. 1833; fellow of his college 1 Oct. 1834; ordained
    priest at St. Margaret’s, Westminster 6 Nov. 1834; V. of Wymeswold
    Leics. 11 March 1835; Hulsean lecturer in Univ. of Cam. 1841–42;
    examiner in logic and moral philosophy in Univ. of London 1841–57;
    minister of Quebec chapel Portman sq. 1853; lived at 6 Upper
    Hamilton terrace, St. John’s Wood 26 Sep. 1853 to 19 June 1857;
    dean of Canterbury 18 March 1857 to death; one of the revisers of
    the New Testament; edited _Contemporary Review_ Dec. 1866; author
    of _Poems and poetical fragments_ 1831; _Chapters on the poets of
    Greece_ 1841; _Greek Testament_ _5 vols._ 1849–61, and 40 more
    volumes besides 104 articles in reviews. (_m._ 10 March 1835
    Frances Oke dau. of Rev. Samuel Alford, P.C. of Muchelney,
    Somerset, she _d._ 18 Nov. 1878 aged 67). _d._ The Deanery,
    Canterbury 12 Jany. 1871. _bur._ churchyard of St. Martin’s,
    Canterbury 17 Jany. _Life of Henry Alford edited by his widow_
    1873, _portrait_; _Illustrated Review i_, 295–98, _portrait_;
    _I.L.N. xxvi_, 269 (1855), _lviii_, 67 (1871), _portrait_.

      NOTE.—The statue erected to his memory in a niche of the west
      front of Canterbury Cathedral was unveiled 17 Oct. 1871.

  ALFORD, STEPHEN SHUTE. M.R.C.S. 1843, F.R.C.S. 1858, L.S.A. 1844;
    hon. sec. to Society for promoting legislation for control and
    cure of habitual drunkards; author of _A few words on drink
    craving_; _Dipsomania its prevalence, causes and treatment_. _d._
    61 Haverstock hill, London 5 July 1881 aged 60.

  ALICE MAUD MARY, Princess of the United kingdom of Great Britain and
    Ireland (_3 child and 2 dau. of Queen Victoria_). _b._ Buckingham
    palace 25 April 1843. _m._ at Osborne 1 July 1862 Frederick Wm.
    Louis Charles afterwards Louis iv grand duke of Hesse-Darmstadt,
    he was _b._ 12 Sep. 1837; founded the Women’s Union for nursing
    the sick and wounded in war called after her name. _d._ the palace
    Darmstadt 14 Dec. 1878. _bur._ in the mausoleum at Rosenhohe near
    Darmstadt 18 Dec. _Alice grand duchess of Hesse, biographical
    sketch of_ 1884, _2 portraits_; _Martin’s Life of the Prince
    Consort v_, 252 (1880), _portrait_.

  ALISON, SIR ARCHIBALD, 1 Baronet (_younger son of Rev. Archibald
    Alison 1757–1839 prebendary of Sarum_). _b._ Kenley, Salop 29 Dec.
    1792; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; advocate 8 Dec. 1814; advocate depute
    1823–30; wrote his History of Europe 1 Jany. 1829 to 7 June 1842;
    sheriff of Lanarkshire Dec. 1834 to death; lived at Possil house
    near Glasgow 1835 to death; lord rector of Marischal college,
    Aberdeen March 1845, beating Macaulay by 48 votes; lord rector of
    Univ. of Glasgow 15 Jany. 1852; created baronet 25 June 1852;
    D.C.L. at Oxford July 1852; author of _History of Europe during
    the French revolution_, _10 vols._ 1833–42, _7 ed._ _20 vols._
    1847–48; in 1853 the book was stereotyped; _The military life of
    John Duke of Marlborough_ 1848, _2 ed._ _2 vols._ 1852. _d._
    Possil house at 11.30 p._m._ 23 May 1867. _bur._ Dean cemetery,
    Edinburgh 30 May. _Some account of my life and writings by Sir A.
    Alison, edited by Lady Alison_, _2 vols._ 1883, _2 portraits_.

      NOTE.—He is drawn by Disraeli in Coningsby as Mr. Wordy.

  ALISON, CHARLES. Envoy extraord. and minister plenipo. at Tehran,
    Persia 7 April 1860; C.B. 28 Nov. 1860. _d._ Tehran 29 April 1872.

  ALISON, SOMERVILLE SCOTT. _b._ Edin. 1812; M.D. Edin. 1833; M.R.C.P.
    1844, F.R.C.P. 1859; practised at Tranent 1833–40, in London 1840
    to death; author of _Inquiry into propagation of contagious
    poisons_ 1839; _Medication of the larynx and trachea_ 1853;
    _Morbid throat and pulmonary consumption_ 1869. _d._ 85 Park st.
    Grosvenor sq. 11 June 1877.

  ALISON, WILLIAM PULTENEY (_elder son of Rev. Archibald Alison
    1757–1839_). _b._ Boroughmuirhead near Edin. 1790; M.D. Edin.
    1811; ascended Mont Blanc 1814; professor of medical jurisprudence
    in Univ. of Edin. 1820–22, of institutes of medicine 1822–42; and
    of practice of physic 1842–56; physician to the Queen in Scotland
    3 Feb. 1847; hon. D.C.L. Oxford 1850; granted civil list pension
    of £100, 10 Nov. 1856; presided over meeting of British Medical
    Association at Edin. Aug. 1858; author of _Outlines of physiology_
    1831; _Outlines of pathology_ 1833; _Observations on the
    management of the poor in Scotland_ 1840, this book caused the
    appointment of the Board of Supervision under the act of 1845.
    (_m._ 11 Aug. 1832 Margaret dau. of James Gregory, M.D. of
    Edinburgh). _d._ Woodville, Colington, Edinburgh 22 Sep. 1859.
    _Edin. Medical Journal v_, 469–86 and 597–603 (1860).

  ALLAN, ALEXANDER STEWART. _b._ 1822; employed in financial
    department, Bengal 1859–73; supplied many of the notes to the
    publications of the Grampian club; wrote many articles in _Notes
    and Queries_, signed A.S.A. _d._ Kincardine, Richmond, Surrey 20
    Dec. 1881.

  ALLAN, BRYCE. _b._ Greenock; founded at Liverpool a branch of the
    Allan shipping company with his brothers Alexander and James (who
    _d._ Skelmorlie 1 Sep. 1880 aged 71). _d._ 16 Holly road
    Fairfield, Liverpool 24 May 1874.

      NOTE.—His personalty was sworn under £250,000 Sept. 1874.

  ALLAN, SIR HUGH (_2 son of Alexander Allan, commander of ships
    trading between the Clyde and Montreal_). _b._ Saltcoats, Ayrshire
    29 Sep. 1810; clerk in house of Wm. Kerr and Co. Montreal 1826–29;
    partner in firm of Millar and Edmonstone of Montreal, shipowners
    1835; partner with Edmonstone 1 May 1839; established April 1856 a
    line of steamers from Montreal to Liverpool, called the Montreal
    Ocean steamship company, afterwards the Allan line; knighted by
    patent 24 July 1871. (_m._ 13 Sep. 1844 Matilda Caroline 2 dau. of
    John Smith of Montreal, she _d._ 11 June 1881 aged 63). _d._ 27
    St. Andrew sq. Edinburgh 9 Dec. 1882. _bur._ Montreal 27 Dec. _H.
    J. Morgan’s Sketches of celebrated Canadians_ 1862, _pp._ 669–74;
    _W. S. Lindsay’s History of merchant shipping iv_, 260–64 (1876).

  ALLAN, JAMES. Major 94 foot 20 July 1809 to 25 Dec. 1818, when
    placed on h. p. regiment being disbanded; served in Peninsular war
    1810–14; lieut. col. 57 foot 20 March 1828 to 9 Nov. 1846; M.G. 9
    Nov. 1846; col. 50 foot 11 Oct. 1852 to death; C.B. 19 July 1838.
    _d._ Cheltenham 17 Feb. 1853.

  ALLAN, JAMES. _b._ Aberdeen; sec. to Peninsular steam navigation
    company when first formed 1837; this was first company which ran
    steamers to distant foreign ports, the Iberia first steamer
    despatched with Peninsular mails in Sep. 1837; the first sec. of
    Peninsular and Oriental company 1840; one of the 3 managing
    directors 1848 to death; A.I.C.E. 4 Dec. 1849. _d._ Camp’s hill,
    Lewisham near London 15 Sep. 1874 aged 63. _Minutes of proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. xxxix_, 283–85 (1875).

  ALLARDICE, ROBERT BRIDGES BARCLAY, known as Captain Barclay (_eld.
    son of Robert Barclay of Ury, Kincardineshire 1731–97, founder of
    town of Stonehaven, who assumed name of Allardice 1776_). _b._ Ury
    25 Aug. 1779; kept a pack of fox hounds at Ury 1807; walked from
    London to Birmingham viâ Cambridge 150 miles in 2 days Dec. 1799;
    walked 100 miles in 19 hours Dec. 1801; captain 71 foot 13 March
    1806; major 20 Jany. 1814 to 31 March 1814 when he resigned;
    lieut. col. Kincardineshire militia; walked 1000 miles in 1000
    successive hours at the rate of a mile in each and every hour at
    Newmarket 1 June to 12 July 1809, when about £100,000 changed
    hands on the result; trained Tom Cribb at Ury July-Aug. 1811 for
    his great fight with Tom Molineaux the Black, which Cribb won 28
    Sep. 1811; a great agriculturist and cattle breeder; claimed the
    Earldom of Airth 1839 and the Earldoms of Strathern and Monteith
    1840. (_m._ 19 July 1819 Mary dau. of Alexander Dalgarno of Wales
    st. Aberdeen, she _d._ 30 Aug. 1820 aged 23). Found dead in his
    bed at Ury 1 May 1854. _bur._ in family burying ground called the
    Houff, which contains an account of the family from year 1110. _H.
    H. Dixon’s Field and fern (North)_ 1865 _pp._ 196–210;
    _Pugilistica by H. D. Miles i_, 435–39 (1880), _portrait_;
    _Pedestrianism_ [_by Walter Thom_] _Aberdeen_ 1813, _portrait_;
    _The eccentric mag. i_, 133–50 (1812), _portrait_.

      NOTE.—The coach called the Defiance (of which he was one of
      the 5 proprietors) ran from Edinburgh to Aberdeen and was the
      fastest and best conducted coach in the United Kingdom, it
      performed the journey 126 miles in 12 hours; it ran its first
      journey 1 July 1829 and its last Oct. 1849. The 1000 mile feat
      has never been performed by any other man, although many
      persons are _stated_ to have done it.

  ALLASON, THOMAS. _b._ London 31 July 1790; architect in London 1817;
    employed in landscape gardening; a comr. of Board of Metropolitan
    Sewers; author of _Picturesque views of the antiquities of Pola in
    Istria_ 1819. _d._ 9 April 1852.

  ALLCROFT, JEREMIAH MACKLIN. _b._ 1791; partner in firm of Dent,
    Allcroft and Co. of Wood st. London and Worcester, glovers;
    chamberlain of Worcester 1832–33. _d._ Worcester 6 July 1867.

  ALLEN, CHARLES, calling himself Charles Edward Lewis Casimir Stuart,
    Count d’Albanie (_only son of Charles Manning Allen 1799–1880_).
    Col. in the Austrian army. (_m._ 15 May 1874 Alice Mary Emily 3
    and youngest dau. of the 17 Earl of Errol, she was _b._ 7 July
    1835 and _d._ 7 June 1881.) _d._ 8 May 1882 aged 57, thus ending
    this dynasty of modern pretenders.

  ALLEN, CHARLES. _b._ 1808; a member of Financial council, Calcutta;
    alderman of Tenby; mayor 2 or 3 times; sheriff of co. Pembroke
    1876. _d._ Tenby 5 Nov. 1884.

  ALLEN, CHARLES MANNING, calling himself Charles Edward Stuart, Count
    d’Albanie (_younger son of Thomas Gatehouse Allen 1772–1851, by
    Katharine Matilda dau. of Rev. Owen Manning, V. of Godalming,
    Surrey. T. G. Allen called himself James Stuart, Count d’Albanie
    and affirmed that he was son of Charles Stuart the young Pretender
    by the Princess Louisa of Stolberg-Gädern_). _b._ Versailles 4
    June 1799; served in advanced guard of Napoleon’s army at
    Waterloo; assumed Christian name of Stuart 1822; changed his name
    to Allan-Hay; changed again to Stuart; lived with his brother John
    at Edin. then at Glasgow then at Eile-an-Aigais near Inverness;
    author with his brother John of _The costume of the clans_ 1845;
    _Tales of the century_ 1847; _Lays of the deer forest_, _2 vols._
    1848. (_m._ 9 Oct. 1822 Anne dau. of John Beresford, M.P. for co.
    Waterford, and widow of Charles Gardiner). _d._ on board the
    Rainbow steamer at Pauillac near Bordeaux 25 Dec. 1880. _J. H.
    Ingram’s Claimants to royalty_ (1882) 252–59; _Quarterly Review
    lxxxi_, 57–85 (1847); _Edinburgh Review cxiv_, 145–82 (1861);
    _Western Antiquary Sep. 1884_, 67–72; _Doran’s London in Jacobite
    times ii_, 390–412 (1877).

  ALLEN, GEORGE. _b._ London Nov. 1800; attorney and solicitor of
    supreme court at Sydney 1822; mayor of Sydney 1844; member of
    legislative council N.S.W. 1845 and 1856 to death; chairman of
    committees 1856–73. _d._ Toxteth park, Glebe, N.S.W. 3 Nov. 1877.

  ALLEN, GEORGE JOHN (_eld. son of Right Rev. Joseph Allen, bishop of
    Ely who d. 20 March 1845 aged 75_). _b._ 1810; warden of the
    college of God’s Gift in Dulwich 1843 to 31 Dec. 1857 when that
    Corporation was dissolved by 20 and 21 Vict. c. 84, and he was
    granted an annuity of £1015. _d._ The Mount, Budleigh Salterton,
    Devon 19 July 1883.

  ALLEN, HENRY ROBINSON. _b._ Cork 1809; ed. at R.A. of Music; made
    his début at the English Opera as Elvino in La Sonnambula;
    A.R.A.M.; tenor vocalist and ballad composer, his song “Maid of
    Athens” was much sung. _d._ Shepherd’s Bush, London 27 Nov. 1876.

  ALLEN, REV. HUGH. _b._ Cork July 1806; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub.;
    scholar 1834, B.A. 1835, M.A., B.D. and D.D. 1861; minister of an
    episcopal chapel at Douglas, Isle of Man, Aug. 1835; C. of St.
    John’s ch. Bury, Lancs. 1838–48; Inc. of St. Jude’s Whitechapel
    1848–59; lecturer of St. Olave’s, Old Jewry 1856–59; R. of St.
    George the Martyr Southwark 1859 to death; edited the _London
    Messenger_ 1862. _d._ 231 New Kent road, London 20 June 1877.

      NOTE.—He was the Sunday afternoon lecturer at church of St.
      George-in-the-East, London where disturbances began 21 Aug.
      1859 in consequence of the Rector the Rev. Bryan King adopting
      an elaborate ritual and refusing to allow time for the
      lecture, the riots lasted till 25 June 1860.

  ALLEN, JAMES BAYLIS. _b._ Birmingham 18 April 1803; employed by W.
    and E. Finden, engravers in London 1824; engraved many of Turner’s
    water colour drawings 1830–45, and many large views for the Art
    Journal. _d._ Camden Town, London 11 Jany. 1876.

  ALLEN, JAMES MOUNTFORD (_son of Rev. John Allen, V. of Bleddington,
    Gloucs._) _b._ Crewkerne, Somerset 14 Aug. 1809; an architect in
    London to 1856, at Crewkerne 1856 to death; built many churches,
    rectory houses and schools. _d._ 27 Feb. 1883.

  ALLEN, JAMES PEARCE. Spent 5 years in India 1836–41; a publisher in
    London 1855 to death. _d._ Grove lodge, Clapham Common 2 Nov. 1878
    in 61 year.

  ALLEN, JOHN (_elder son of Admiral John Carter Allen who d. 2 Oct.
    1800_). _b._ 1774; captain R.N. 29 April 1802; admiral on h. p. 30
    July 1852. _d._ Torpoint near Plymouth 4 June 1853.

  ALLEN, JOHN. _b._ Dublin; a woollen draper at 36 College green;
    committed to Tower of London on a charge of high treason 6 March
    1798, tried at Maidstone 21 and 22 May 1798 when acquitted; an
    associate of Robert Emmett in the insurrection of 23 July 1803;
    fled to France and became sous-lieutenant in the army Dec. 1803;
    led the storming party at capture of Ciudad Rodrigo in Spain 10
    July 1810; chef de bataillon March 1814; retired on half pay after
    the Irish regiment was disbanded Sep. 1815; lived at Tours then at
    Caen. _d._ Caen 10 Feb. 1855. _R. R. Madden’s The united Irishmen,
    3rd series iii_, 135–39 (1846); _Howell’s State Trials xxvi_,
    1193–1432 (1819), and _xxvii_, 1–142 (1820).

  ALLEN, JOHN. _b._ Liskeard, Cornwall 26 Sep. 1790; author of _State
    churches and the kingdom of Christ_ 1853; _History of the borough
    of Liskeard and its vicinity_ 1856. _d._ Liskeard 15 Feb. 1859.
    _Annual Monitor for 1860_ _pp._ 3–26.

  ALLEN, JOHN CARTER HAY, calling himself John Sobieski Stolberg
    Stuart (_elder son of Thomas Gatehouse Allen 1772–1851_). Said to
    have received cross of the Légion d’honneur from hands of Napoleon
    for bravery on field of Waterloo; lived with his brother Charles
    at Edinburgh, at Glasgow, at Eile-an-Aigais near Inverness; author
    of _Poems_ 1822; edited the _Vestiarium Scoticum_ 1842. (_m._ 29
    Oct. 1845 Georgiana eld. dau. of Edward Kendall of Cheltenham).
    _d._ 52 Stanley st. St. George’s Hanover sq. 13 Feb. 1872.

  ALLEN, JOHN ROY (_elder son of John Allen of Lyngford, Somerset_).
    _b._ 1799; ed. at Pemb. coll. Cam.; B.A. 1821, M.A. 1825;
    barrister I.T. 10 Feb. 1826; recorder of Taunton, Andover and
    Bridgwater. _d._ Weston super Mare 10 March 1875.

  ALLEN, JOSEPH. Chairman of Brighton bench of magistrates many years;
    one of the gentlemen of H.M. privy chamber 1838 to death. _d._
    Podstream house Wivelsfield, Sussex 9 Dec. 1851 aged 78.

  ALLEN, JOSEPH. Military superintendent of halls, &c. at Greenwich
    hospital 1 Sep. 1833 to death; edited Allen’s “New Navy List”;
    newspaper writer on professional topics. _d._ Greenwich Hospital
    21 Oct. 1864 aged 54.

  ALLEN, JOSEPH WILLIAM. _b._ Paradise row, Lambeth 1803; usher at a
    school at Taunton; theatrical scene painter in London; a founder
    of “The Society of British Artist” 1823; professor of drawing at
    city of London school from its opening 2 Feb. 1837 to death. _d._
    Hammersmith 26 Aug. 1852.

  ALLEN, PETER. _b._ Dec. 1826; M.D. Aberdeen 1849; L.S.A. and
    M.R.C.S. Eng. 1849; F.R.C.S. Edin. 1868; surgeon at Yealand
    Conyers 1856–68, and in London 1868 to death; aural surgeon to St.
    Mary’s hospital; author of _Practical observations on deafness_
    1853; _Aural Catarrh_ 1870. _d._ 117 Harley st. Cavendish sq.
    London 18 Jany. 1874.

  ALLEN, ROBERT (_3 son of Samuel Allen of Rue St. Honoré, Paris_). An
    actor; a schoolmaster; barrister G.I. 18 Nov. 1835; went Oxford
    circuit; serjeant at law 3 July 1845, received patent of
    precedence. _d._ Bessborough st. London 17 Feb. 1854.

  ALLEN, REV. SAMUEL JAMES. _b._ near Tower of London 16 June 1798;
    ed. at Merchant Taylor’s school 1808–16 and Pemb. coll. Cam.; B.A.
    1820, M.A. 1824; University preacher at Cam.; V. of Easingwold,
    Yorkshire 1838 to death; completed _Whitaker’s History of
    Richmondshire_ 1823 in which some of the chapters were entirely
    written by him; author of _Lectures in defence of the church of
    England_. _d._ Easingwold vicarage 29 April 1856.

  ALLEN, WILLIAM. _b._ Weymouth Nov. 1792; entered navy 2 Oct. 1805;
    accompanied Richard Lander’s expedition up the river Niger 1832;
    returned to England April 1834 being one of the nine survivors;
    commanded steamer Wilberforce in expedition to Niger 1840–42;
    captain 31 Jany. 1842, retired R.A. 12 April 1862; F.R.G.S. 1835,
    F.R.S. 18 April 1844; author of _The narrative of expedition sent
    to river Niger_ 1848; _The Dead Sea, a new route to India_ 1855;
    exhibited landscape paintings at the R.A. 1828–47. _d._ Bank
    house, Weymouth 23 Jany. 1864.

  ALLEN, WILLIAM FERNELEY (_son of Wm. Houghton Allen of London,
    publisher who d. 22 Jany. 1855 aged 67_). _b._ 31 Oct. 1816; a
    publisher in London 1855 to death; sheriff 1857–58; alderman for
    ward of Cheap 1858 to death, and Lord Mayor 1867–68. _d._ 13
    Waterloo place, London 22 May 1877. _bur._ in family vault at
    Sevenoaks, Kent 26 May. _I.L.N. li_, 517 (1867), _portrait_.

  ALLEN, WILLIAM HENRY. Solicitor in London 1826 to death; principal
    of Clifford’s Inn 13 May 1833 to death. _d._ 20 Oct. 1854 aged 71.

  ALLEN, WILLIAM PHILIP. _b._ near town of Tipperary April 1848; a
    carpenter in Cork, Dublin and Chester; helped to rescue Colonel
    Kelly the Fenian from a prison van at Manchester 18 Sep. 1867; in
    the mêlée, a police sergeant named Brett was killed; executed at
    the old prison Manchester 23 Nov. 1867. _Speeches from the dock._
    _Dublin_ 1868.

  ALLEYNE, SIR REYNOLD ABEL, 2 Baronet. _b._ 10 June 1789; ed. at
    Eton; succeeded his father 1801; member of council in Barbados 30
    years; col. of 2 regiment of militia there. _d._ Burton under
    Needwood 14 Feb. 1870.

  ALLEYNE, SARAH FRANCES. _b._ Clifton 15 Oct. 1836; organised courses
    of lectures for women; member of council of Clifton high school
    for girls; sec. of Oxford local examination at Clifton; translated
    E. Zeller’s _Plato and the older Academy_ 1876 and M. Duncker’s
    _History of Greece_ 1883. _d._ London 16 Aug. 1884. _bur._ Redland
    Green churchyard 21 Aug.

  ALLIES, JABEZ (_2 son of Wm. Allies of Alfrick in Lusley co.
    Worcester_). _b._ Alfrick 22 Oct. 1787; a solicitor in London;
    author of _The causes of planetary motion_ 1838; _The antiquities
    and folk lore of Worcestershire_ _2 ed._ 1852, the best work on
    local field names ever published. _d._ Tivoli house, Cheltenham 29
    Jany. 1856.

  ALLIOTT, REV. RICHARD (_son of Rev. Richard Alliott, pastor of
    congregational church in Castle Gate, Nottingham_). _b._ 1 Sep
    1804; ed. at Homerton college and Glasgow univ.; LLD. 1840;
    assistant minister to his father 1828; co-pastor with him 1830–40;
    ordained Jany. 1830; pastor of same church 1840; of church in York
    road, Lambeth, London 1843–49; pres. of Western college, Plymouth
    1849–57; pres. of Cheshunt college 1857; chairman of
    Congregational union of England and Wales 1858; professor of
    dogmatic and general theology and philosophy at Spring Hill
    college, Birmingham, Sep. 1860 to death; pastor of church at
    Acock’s Green near Birmingham 1860 to death; author of _Psychology
    and Theology_ 1854. _d._ Acock’s Green 20 Dec. 1863.

  ALLMAN, THOMAS. Bookseller in Princes st. Hanover sq. 1817; at
    Holborn hill 1830–59, when he retired. _d._ 2 Clifton villas,
    Maida hill, London 3 Dec. 1870 aged 78.

  ALLOCK, JON JUNIM. _b._ China; brought to England by Andrew Ducrow
    the equestrian about 1819; a great attraction at Astley’s, London
    as a Chinese juggler; travelled with Ducrow all over Europe and
    America; fell from a horse and broke his thigh about 1841; lived
    at Glasgow about 1845 to death. _d._ Glasgow 9 Aug. 1859 aged
    nearly 80.

  ALLOM, THOMAS. _b._ London 13 March 1804; articled to Francis
    Goodwin, architect; furnished the drawings for many illustrated
    works published by Virtue & Co. and Heath and Co.; exhibited
    drawings at the R.A.; made for Sir Charles Barry the drawings of
    new Houses of Parliament which were presented to Nicholas Czar of
    Russia. _d._ 1 Lonsdale road, Barnes, Surrey 21 Oct. 1872.

  ALLSOP, THOMAS. _b._ Stainsborough hall near Wirksworth, Derbyshire
    10 April 1795; a stockbroker in London; the favourite disciple of
    Samuel Taylor Coleridge; great friend of Charles Lamb, Robert Owen
    and other eminent men; author of _Letters, conversations and
    recollections of S. T. Coleridge, 2 vols._ 1836; _California and
    its gold mines in 1852–3_. _d._ Exmouth, Devon 12 April 1880.
    _bur._ Woking cemetery 17 April. _Dictionary of national biography
    i_, 337–39 (1885).

  ALMOND, EMMA (_dau. of Mr. Romer_). _b._ 1814; first appeared on
    stage at Covent Garden 16 Oct. 1830 as Donna Clara in _The
    Duenna_; the original Zerlina in Auber’s opera _Fra Diavolo_ at
    C.G. 3 Nov. 1831; original singer of title parts in Barnett’s
    _Mountain Sylph_ and _Fair Rosamond_; chief singer at English
    opera house; sang at Westminster Abbey festival 1834; sang at
    Drury Lane 1836; manager of the Surrey theatre 1852, where she
    brought out a series of operas in English. (_m._ 1836 George
    Almond of Bond st. hatter, he _d._ Nov. 1863). _d._ Clifton
    terrace, Margate 14 April 1868. _bur._ Brompton cemetery 21 April.
    _Actors by daylight ii_, 57 (1839), _portrait_.

  ALSBURY, GEORGE. Stipendiary magistrate and pres. of island of
    Anguilla, Caribbee islands 26 Nov. 1863 to 28 Jany. 1868. _d._ St.
    Heliers, Jersey 10 Nov. 1879.

  ALSTON, EDWARD GRAHAM. Ed. at St. Paul’s sch. and Trin. coll. Cam.;
    B.A. 1855; barrister L.I. 17 Nov. 1857; registrar general of
    Vancouver island Feb. 1861, of British Columbia 1 June 1870;
    attorney general of Sierra Leone 13 May 1871 to death, and Queen’s
    advocate July 1871 to death. _d._ Sierra Leone 12 Sep. 1872 in 40

  ALSTON, EDWARD RICHARD. _b._ Stockbriggs near Lesmahagow 1 Dec.
    1845; zoological sec. of Linnæan society 1880 to death;
    contributed to the _Proceedings of Zoological society_ 1874–80;
    author of the division Mammalia in Salvin and Godman’s _Biologia
    Centrali-Americana_ 1879. _d._ 14 Maddox st. London 7 March 1881.

  ALTHANS, JOHN (_son of Henry Althans the friend of popular
    education_). Connected with Religious tract society 47 years and
    trade manager the last 6 years. _d._ West lodge, White Hart lane,
    Tottenham 15 Dec. 1882 aged 66.

  ALVANLEY, RICHARD PEPPER ARDEN, 3 Baron. _b._ the Rolls house,
    Chancery lane, 8 Dec. 1792; major 84 foot 26 Sep. 1822 to 30 Oct.
    1823 when placed on h.p.; succeeded his brother 9 Nov. 1849. _d._
    12 Bruton st. London 24 June 1857.

      NOTE.—His library was sold by Sotheby 15–20 Feb. 1858.

  ALVES, JOHN. _b._ Elgin 1787; captain 74 foot 2 Nov. 1830 to 17 Aug.
    1841 when placed on half pay; granted a service reward 27 Jany.
    1854; M.G. 5 Dec. 1856; sergeant at arms to the Queen 1855 to
    death. _d._ 14 King st. St. James’s, London 18 Sep. 1860.

  AMBROSE, GEORGE JAMES. Lieut. col. 3 Foot 31 Dec. 1857 to death;
    C.B. 1 March 1861. _d._ Brislington 19 July 1862 aged 38.

  AMCOTTS, WESTON CRACROFT. _b._ 9 March 1815; ed. at Eton; sheriff of
    Lincolnshire 1861; M.P. for Mid-Lincolnshire (Lib.) 1868–74. _d._
    Harrogate 14 July 1883.

  AMESBURY, JOSEPH (_youngest child of Joseph Amesbury of Huntspill,
    Somerset who d. about 1802_). _b._ Huntspill 15 Oct. 1795;
    M.R.C.S. 4 Aug. 1820; a surgeon in London 1820–58; opened a
    private spinal establishment at 59 Burton crescent 1838; lived at
    26 Fitzroy sq. 1847–58; invented apparatus for cure of stiff
    joints, spinal curvature, and other deformities for which he took
    out 3 patents; author of _Practical remarks on nature and
    treatment of fractures of the trunk and extremities_ 2 vols. 1831.
    _d._ 93 Lansdowne place, Brighton 27 March 1864.

  AMEUNEY, ANTONIUS GEORGE (_son of Georgius Ameuney of Latakia_).
    _b._ Latakia 1821; went to England 1840; studied at King’s
    college; went with J. B. Thompson, M.D. on a mission to Damascus
    1844; surveyed the Jordan and Dead Sea with captain Lynch of the
    U.S. navy 1848; worked for the London Arabic literary fund 1859;
    professor of Arabic at King’s college, London Jany. 1865 to death;
    author of _Notes from the life of a Syrian, with an appeal on
    behalf of 80,000,000 of the human family_ 1860. _d._ 87 Seymour
    st. London 16 Sep. 1881.

  AMHERST, WILLIAM PITT AMHERST, 1 Earl of (_only son of Wm. Amherst
    1732–81, governor of Newfoundland_). _b._ Bath 14 Jany. 1773; ed.
    at Ch. Ch. Ox.; B.A. 1793, M.A. 1797; succeeded his uncle as 2
    Baron Amherst 3 Aug. 1797; envoy to Naples 1809–11; P.C. 30 Dec.
    1815; ambassador extraordinary to China 8 Feb. 1816 to 30 July
    1817; visited Napoleon at St. Helena 1817; governor general of
    India 23 Oct. 1822 to 10 March 1828; declared war against Burmah
    24 Feb. 1824; created Viscount Holmesdale and Earl Amherst of
    Arracan in the East Indies 19 Dec. 1826; appointed governor
    general of Canada but never took office; granted a pension of
    £3,000 a year; G.C.H. 1834. _d._ Knole house near Sevenoaks 13
    March 1857. _bur._ in Sevenoaks church. _Jerdan’s National
    portrait gallery vol. 1_ (1830), _portrait_; _Waagen’s Galleries
    of art_ (1857) 337–41; _Ellis’s Journal of the proceedings of the
    late embassy to China_ 1817; _Mill’s History of British India, by
    H. H. Wilson, vol. iii_, 1848.

  AMHERST, RIGHT REV. FRANCIS KERRIL (_eld. son of Wm. Kerril Amherst
    of Parndon, Essex, by Mary Louisa youngest dau. of Francis
    Fortescue Turvile of Bosworth hall co. Leicester_). _b._ London 21
    March 1819; ed. at Oscott; ordained priest by bishop Wiseman 6
    June 1846; professor at Oscott, Nov. 1855 to Oct. 1856; served the
    mission of Stafford, Oct. 1856 to May 1858; bishop of Northampton
    14 May 1858 to 1879; consecrated 4 July 1858; assistant at
    pontifical throne 8 June 1862; preconised to titular see of Sozusa
    1880; author of _Lenten thoughts_ 1873, _4 ed._ 1880. _d._
    Fieldgate house, Kenilworth 21 Aug. 1883. _bur._ R.C. cathedral,
    Northampton 28 Aug.

  AMHERST, G. A. _b._ London 1776; first appeared on the stage 14 July
    1817 in _The blue devils_ at Haymarket theatre; visited United
    states as director of Cooke’s Equestrian company 1838; made his
    début in Philadelphia as the Castillian in _Mazeppa_ 2 April 1838;
    author of many plays. _d._ in the Philadelphia Almshouse 12 Aug.

  AMOS, ANDREW (_son of James Amos of Devonshire sq. London, Russian
    merchant_). _b._ India 1791; ed. at Eton and Trin. coll. Cam.; 5
    wrangler 1813, B.A. 1813, M.A. 1816; fellow of his college
    1815–23; barrister L.I. 24 Nov. 1818; went Midland circuit
    1818–37; professor of English law in Univ. of London 1829–37;
    recorder of Banbury, Nottingham and Oxford; member of first
    criminal law commission 1834–43; 4th ordinary member of supreme
    council of India 11 Oct. 1837 to 15 Feb. 1843; judge of county
    courts for Brentford, Brompton and Marylebone, circuit 44, March
    1847 to Sep. 1852; Downing professor of laws of England in Univ.
    of Cam. 1848 to death; author of _A treatise on the law of
    fixtures_ 1827, _3 ed._ 1883; _The English constitution in the
    reign of Charles ii_, 1857; _Martial and the Moderns_ 1858. (_m._
    1 Aug. 1826 Margaret eld. dau. of Rev. Wm. Lax Lowndes professor
    of astronomy at Cambridge, she _d._ 13 April 1882). _d._ Downing
    college, Cambridge 18 April 1860. _Law Times_ xxxv, 117–18 (1860).

      NOTE.—There is a marble bust of him in University college,

  AMOS, CHARLES EDWARDS. _b._ March, Cambs. 27 Nov. 1805; a millwright
    at Wandsworth, Surrey 1835–66; patented several inventions in
    manufacture of paper; invented dynamometer brought out and
    designed for Atlantic cable 1857; M.I.C.E. 22 May 1855. _d._
    Cedars road, Clapham common 12 Aug. 1882. _Minutes of proc. of
    instit. of C.E. lxxi_, 387–95 (1883).

  AMOTT, JOHN. Organist at Gloucester cathedral 1832 to death. _d._
    College Green, Gloucester 3 Feb. 1865 in 67 year.

  AMPHLETT, SIR RICHARD PAUL (_eld. son of Rev. Richard Holmden
    Amphlett, R. of Hadsor, Worcs., who d. 8 March 1842 in 60 year_).
    _b._ Salop 24 May 1809; ed. at Brewood gr. sch. and St. Peter’s
    coll. Cam.; 6 wrangler 1831, B.A. 1831, M.A. 1834; fellow of his
    college 1832–40; hon. fellow 6 Nov. 1882; student of L.I. 5 Feb.
    1831, barrister 6 June 1834, bencher, Jany. 1858; Q.C. Jany. 1858;
    M.P. for East Worcester (Conserv.) 24 Nov. 1868 to Jany. 1874;
    pres. of Legal education association, Oct. 1872; serjeant at law,
    and baron of Court of Exchequer 24 Jany. 1874; knighted by the
    Queen at Osborne 27 Jany. 1874; judge of court of appeal 27 Oct.
    1876 to Nov. 1877; P.C. 28 Nov. 1876; struck with paralysis 3
    April 1877. _d._ 32 Wimpole st. London 7 Dec. 1883. _bur._ at
    Hadsor 13 Dec. _I.L.N. lxiv_, 120, 129 (1874) _portrait_.

      NOTE.—His was the first instance of nomination of an equity
      practitioner to a common law judgeship since the appointment
      of Sir Robert Rolfe in Nov. 1839.

  AMPTHILL, ODO WILLIAM LEOPOLD RUSSELL, 1 Baron (_youngest son of
    Lord George Wm. Russell, G.C.B._) _b._ Florence 20 Feb. 1829; ed.
    at Westminster; attaché at Vienna 15 March 1849; employed on
    special service at Rome, Nov. 1860 to 9 Aug. 1870; ambassador
    extraord. and plenipo. at Berlin 16 Oct. 1871 to death; P.C. 5
    Feb. 1872, G.C.B. 21 Feb. 1874, G.C.M.G. 24 May 1879; created
    Baron Ampthill of Ampthill, Beds. 7 March 1881. _d._ Potsdam 25
    Aug. 1884. _bur._ in family vault in parish church of St. Michael,
    Chenies, Bucks 3 Sep. _I.L.N. lxxxv_, 220 (1884) _portrait_.

  AMSINCK, HENRY. _b._ 1798; served in navy 1811–44; retired commander
    22 March 1876; sec. to the Railway commission 1844; went to
    Melbourne 1853; M.P. for West Bourke. _d._ Hawthorne, Victoria 17
    Dec 1878.

  ANCELL, HENRY (_son of Mr. Ancell of Carshalton, Surrey, cotton
    miller_). _b._ Croydon 23 Jany. 1802; walked through the United
    States 1823–25; L.S.A. 1828, M.R.C.S. 1831; surgeon to
    Metropolitan police; lectured at Lane’s school next St. George’s
    hospital 1837; sec. to National association of general
    practitioners 1845–47; author of _A treatise on Tuberculosis_
    1852; _Lectures on the blood and Commentaries on Liebig_. _d._ 3
    Norfolk crescent Hyde Park 19 Nov. 1863.

  ANDERDON, JAMES HUGHES. _b._ 1790; collected many pictures of
    British School; bought Hogarth’s Sigismunda for £56 (which he
    bequeathed to National Gallery), and his _portrait_ of Sarah
    Malcolm the murderess. _d._ 23 Upper Grosvenor st. London 24 Jany.

  ANDERDON, JOHN LAVICOUNT (_3 son of John Proctor Anderdon_). _b._
    Bristol 5 April 1792; ed. at Ealing and Harrow; a West India
    merchant in London 1816–54; contested Penryn 1818; author of _The
    river Dove_ 1847; _The life of bishop Ken, by a Layman 2 vols._
    1851; _The Messiah_ 1861. (_m._ 4 March 1816 Anna Maria 2 dau. of
    Wm. Manning, M.P., she _d._ 1 May 1880 in 84 year). _d._ Brighton
    8 March 1874. _Geron, the old man in search of paradise, by J. L.
    Anderdon with a biographical notice, by Rev. G. Williams_ 1877.

  ANDERDON, THOMAS OLIVER. Barrister L.I. 20 Nov. 1822; equity
    draftsman; Q.C. 1841; bencher of his inn 1841. _d._ Horsendon
    house Bucks 31 July 1856 aged 70.

  ANDERSON, ADAM, Lord Anderson (_2 son of Samuel Anderson of Moredun,
    co. Edinburgh_). _b._ Edin. 1797; ed. at Univ. of Edin; advocate
    1818; solicitor general Nov. 1834 to April 1835; sheriff of
    Perthshire 1835–1842; solicitor general for Scotland 8 Nov. 1842
    to 1846; Dean of Faculty of Advocates 28 Feb. 1852; Advocate for
    Scotland 28 Feb. 1852; one of Lords of Session and of Justiciary
    18 May 1852 to death. _d._ 55 Upper Brook st. London 28 Sep. 1853.
    _bur._ under St. John’s episcopal chapel Edin. _B. W. Crombie’s
    Modern Athenians_ (1882) 112, _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, ALEXANDER. _b._ near Stirling 1762; assistant surgeon R.N.
    1784; served in North America and West Indies; surgeon 15 Oct.
    1790; retired on h.p. 1803; practised at Knightsbridge, London
    1803–35; the last medical officer who belonged to Lord Nelson’s
    fleet. _d._ Clarence terrace, New Hampton, Middlesex 6 Sep. 1859.

  ANDERSON, ALEXANDER. _b._ 7 May 1807; 2 Lieut. R.M. 13 May 1823;
    col. commandant 21 Nov. 1859 to death; general 1 April 1870; C.B.
    2 June 1869. _d._ St. Alban’s place, St. James’s London 21 Nov.

  ANDERSON, REV. ALEXANDER. _b._ Peterhead 1808; ed. at St. Andrew’s;
    founder and head of Chanonry house school (the Gymnasium) Old
    Aberdeen. _d._ Aboyne 25 Oct. 1884.

  ANDERSON, ALEXANDER DUNLOP (_son of Andrew Anderson of Greenock,
    merchant_). _b._ Greenock 1794; M.R.C.S. 1816, M.D. Edin. 1819;
    asst. surgeon 49 foot 22 June 1815 to 25 Dec. 1818, when placed on
    half pay; practised in Glasgow; surgeon to royal infirmary 1822
    and phys. 1837; pres. of faculty of phys. and surgeons 1852–55;
    pres. of Med. Chir. society of Glasgow. _d._ 159 St. Vincent st.
    Glasgow 13 May 1871.

  ANDERSON, ALFRED. Celebrated Australian pianist. _m._ at Sydney 29
    Dec. 1875 Ilma de Murska, the “Hungarian nightingale.” _d._
    Melbourne 22 March 1876 aged 28.

  ANDERSON, ANDREW. A stocking weaver. Champion draught player of
    Scotland; author of _The Game of Draughts_ 1848, _2 ed._ 1852, 3
    ed. 1878. _d._ Braidwood near Carluke, Lanarkshire 1 March 1861.

  ANDERSON, ARTHUR (_eld. son of Robert Anderson of Grimaster,
    Shetland_). _b._ Grimaster, Feb. 1792; midshipman R.N. 1810; a
    merchant in London 1823; superintended naval portion of expedition
    to Portugal under Don Pedro 1831–32; started a line of steamers to
    the Peninsula 1836; formed fishery establishment in Orkney and
    Shetland 1838; member of Anti-corn law league formed at Manchester
    18 Sep. 1838, took an active part in it; a founder of Peninsular
    and Oriental steam navigation company incorporated 1840; their
    first boat the Hindostan was started Sep. 1842; chairman of the
    company; chairman of Union steamship company and of Crystal palace
    company; M.P. for Orkney (lib.) 1 Sep. 1847 to 1 July 1852;
    F.S.A.; author of _Communication with India, China, &c._ 1843;
    _National defence_ 1852. _d._ Norwood, Surrey 28 Feb. 1868.
    _I.L.N. xviii_, 232 (1851), _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, CHARLES ABERCROMBY. Inspector general of hospitals and
    fleets 12 April 1869 to death; C.B. 17 June 1871. _d._ London 25
    Feb. 1872.

  ANDERSON, CHRISTOPHER (_youngest son of William Anderson of Edin.
    ironmonger 1744–1804_). _b._ West Bow, Edin. 19 Feb. 1782; clerk
    in the Friendly Insurance Office 1800–1804; ordained pastor of
    English baptists in Edin. 21 Jany. 1808; originated the Edinburgh
    Bible Society Oct. 1810, the Gaelic School Society Nov. 1810;
    author of _The annals of the English bible, 2 vols._ 1845, _2 ed._
    1862. _d._ Edinburgh 18 Feb. 1852. _The life and letters of
    Christopher Anderson, by his nephew Hugh Anderson_ 1854,

  ANDERSON, SIR GEORGE CAMPBELL (_son of John Anderson_). _b._ 1804 or
    1805; admitted attorney in Bahama 1827; speaker of House of
    Assembly, Bahama 1831 to 1868; attorney general 1837; knighted by
    patent 16 Sep. 1874; chief justice 11 Oct. 1875; president of
    legislative council 1875; acting chief justice, Ceylon 1875–77;
    chief justice of Leeward islands 27 March 1877–1880. _d._
    Kingston, Jamaica 1 March 1884.

  ANDERSON, GEORGE FREDERICK. _b._ Carlton palace, London 1793; member
    of royal private band 1819, conductor 1847–48; master of the Music
    1848–70; band changed by Prince Albert from a mere wind band to a
    full orchestra 24 Dec. 1840; treasurer of Philharmonic society,
    and of Royal Society of musicians. (_m._ 1820 Lucy Philpot). _d._
    34 Nottingham place, London 14 Dec. 1876. _bur._ Kensal Green 20

  ANDERSON, SIR GEORGE WILLIAM (_son of Robert Anderson of London,
    merchant_). _b._ London 1791; ed. at Haileybury; entered Bombay
    civil service 1806; senior judge of the Sudder Dewanee 1833;
    member of council 8 March 1838; governor of Bombay 27 April 1841
    to 28 July 1842, of the Mauritius 9 Feb. 1849 to Oct. 1850, of
    Ceylon Oct. 1850 to Feb. 1855; knighted by the Queen at St.
    James’s palace 22 Feb. 1849; C.B. 22 March 1849, K.C.B. 22 Nov.
    1850. (_m._ (1) 1813 Caroline 2 dau. of John Proby Kensington of
    Lime Grove, Putney. _m._ (2) 1833 Jane dau. of Archibald Wight of
    Ormiston, East Lothian). _d._ 99 Westbourne terrace, London 17
    March 1857. _G. M. ii_, 493–94 (1857).

  ANDERSON, SIR HENRY LACON (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ Surat,
    East Indies 1817; ed. at St. Paul’s, at St. John’s coll. Ox. and
    Haileybury; entered Bombay civil service 1840; judge of Kandeish
    1853; sec. to government of Bombay in political and judicial
    departments 1854; chief sec. to government 1860; mem. of council
    of India for making laws and regulations 1863–1865, when he
    retired; sec. to India Board in judicial, public and sanitary
    departments 1866; K.C.S.I. for long service in Bombay 24 May 1867.
    (_m._ 1841 Anne Grace 4 dau. of Hope Stewart of Ballechin,
    Perthshire, she _d._ 19 Feb. 1885). _d._ 46 Leinster gardens,
    London 7 April 1879 aged 62.

  ANDERSON, REV. JAMES. _b._ Newburgh; ed. at St. Andrew’s Univ.;
    B.D., D.D.; author of _The Course of creation_ 1846; _Dura Den, a
    monograph_ 1859. _d._ Nice 16 March 1864 aged 65.

  ANDERSON, SIR JAMES (_son of John Anderson of Stirling, merchant_).
    _b._ Stirling 1800; a manufacturer at Glasgow; lord provost
    1848–49; knighted by the Queen at Glasgow 14 Aug. 1849; M.P. for
    Stirling (lib.) 13 July 1852 to 23 April 1859. (_m._ 1831 Janet
    only dau. of Robert Hood of Glasgow). _d._ Blairvadick,
    Dumbartonshire 8 May 1864.

  ANDERSON, JAMES. _b._ Cumberland; went to Rome before 1839; became
    well known there as a photographer under name of Isaac Atkinson.
    _d._ Rome 28 Feb. 1877. _Law Reports xxi Chancery division_
    100–104 (1882).

  ANDERSON, JAMES. _b._ 1797; entered navy 17 Sep. 1808; captain 1
    Nov. 1849; retired admiral 21 March 1878. _d._ Teignmouth, Devon 7
    March 1882 in 85 year.

  ANDERSON, REV. JAMES. ed. at Univ. of Aberdeen; lived at Morpeth
    1844 to death; the first moderator of Presbyterian church of
    England; D.D. St. Andrew’s 12 Feb. 1878. _d._ The Manse, Morpeth
    17 May 1882 in 87 year.

  ANDERSON, SIR JAMES CALEB, 1 Baronet (_elder son of John Anderson of
    Fermoy co. Cork, merchant, by his 2 wife Elizabeth only dau. of
    James Semple, of Waterford, she d. 3 April 1830_). _b._ Waterford
    21 July 1792; created a baronet 22 March 1813 as a mark of
    approbation of the services rendered to Ireland by his father, who
    advanced the civilization of Ireland fully 50 years; improved
    steam locomotion. (_m._ 1815 Caroline 4 dau. of Robert Shaw of
    Dublin, she _d._ 1859). _d._ London 4 April 1861. _D. O. Madden’s
    Revelations of Ireland_ (1848) 268–85.

  ANDERSON, SIR JAMES EGLINTON (_eld. son of W. Anderson of Glasgow,
    merchant, by a dau. of James Eglinton_). _b._ 1788; ed. Univ. of
    Glasgow; M.D. Edin. and Dublin; entered medical department of the
    navy 1808; surgeon 19 Aug. 1811; Surgeon to one of royal yachts
    1827 to Nov. 1833, when he retired from the service; M.R.C.P.;
    Physician in ord. to Lord Lieut. of Ireland; knighted by him 1829;
    M.R.I.A. (_m._ 1819 Jane 3 dau. of Rev. W. Learmont of Luce Abbey,
    she _d._ 20 Sep. 1857). _d._ 7 Harley st. London 29 Feb. 1856.

  ANDERSON, REV. JAMES STUART MURRAY. ed. at Ball. coll. Ox.; B.A.
    1821, M.A. 1823; P.C. of St. George’s, Brighton 1831–51; chaplain
    in ord. to the Queen 1844; preacher of Lincoln’s Inn 1844–1859; R.
    of Tormarton, Gloucs. 1851; hon. canon of Bristol 1856; British
    chaplain at Bonn 1859; author of _The history of the church of
    England in the colonies and foreign dependencies of the British
    empire, 3 vols._ 1845–56, _2 ed._ 1856; _Addresses on
    miscellaneous subjects_ 1849, _2 ed._ 1858, and many sermons. _d._
    Bonn 22 Sep. 1869. _I.L.N. xxvi_, 269 (1855) _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, REV. JOHN. _b._ Craig farm, parish of Kilpatrick-Durham,
    Galloway 23 May 1805; ed. at Univ. of Edin; ordained a minister of
    church of Scotland 13 July 1836; sent out to Madras as a
    missionary 1836; baptised his first converts 20 June 1841; joined
    the Free Church at the disruption 1 July 1843; the mission was
    then carried on in connection with that church; established many
    schools both for boys and girls; published the _Native Herald_, a
    bimonthly periodical 2 Oct. 1841. _d._ Madras 25 March 1855. _Rev.
    John Braidwood’s True Yoke-fellows in the mission field_ 1862,

  ANDERSON, JOHN. Col. 43 Madras N.I. 7 Jan. 1843 to 7 Feb. 1848; col.
    37 Madras N.I. 7 Feb. 1848 to death; L.G. 23 Sep. 1857. _d._
    Folkestone 22 July 1858.

  ANDERSON, JOHN (_son of Wm. Anderson of Green st. London, horse
    dealer_). Partner with his father many years; the first man to
    direct attention to the value of action in horses; Anderson’s
    Steppers were known all over Europe; kept steppers in Green st.,
    hacks in Bryanston st. and hunters at Mapesbury farm, Willesden
    lane, which is minutely described in Edmund Yates’s first novel;
    _Broken to harness_ 1865. _d._ Jany. 1864 aged 55. _Sporting
    Gazette 11 Feb. 1865_, _p._ 113.

      NOTE.—His horses were sold 7–9 Feb. 1865 for sum of £20898
      average £205 each horse, which exceeded in value any previous
      sale of horses in this country.

  ANDERSON, JOHN. Col. 61 Bengal N.I. 7 July 1842 to death; General 14
    Jan. 1864. _d._ Norwood, Surrey 25 April 1866 aged 84.

  ANDERSON, REV. JOHN HENRY. _b._ Oakham 4 July 1841; Wesleyan
    Methodist minister 1862 to death. _d._ on board the “Lorraine” in
    latitude 28°31 S. longitude 61°46 E. in the Indian ocean 3 Jany.
    1880. _Memorials of Rev. J. H. Anderson_ 1882, _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, JOHN HENRY, known as Professor Anderson the Wizard of the
    North (_eld. child of Mr. Anderson of Aberdeen, mason_). _b._
    estate of Craigmyle parish of Kincardine, Aberdeenshire 14 July
    1814; call boy in Ryder’s theatrical company in Scotland 1824;
    first performed as a conjuror in small towns of north of Scotland
    1831; performed in Waterloo rooms, Edinburgh 100 nights in 1837;
    erected a building called The Temple of Magic at Glasgow, seated
    for 2000 spectators, and performed in it 200 nights in 1838 and
    1839; first appeared in London at Strand theatre 1840, when he
    displayed finest collection of apparatus that had ever been seen
    in London, performed there 4 months; converted St. James’s bazaar
    in St. James’s street, into a Temple of Magic 1840; performed in
    Ireland 1840; built theatre at Glasgow which was burnt; performed
    at Alexandrisky theatre, St. Petersburg, and in all chief cities
    of central Europe; at Covent Garden 1846, at the Strand 1848; in
    America 1851–53; before the Queen at Balmoral 1853; lessee of
    Lyceum theatre, London, Sep. 1855; of Covent Garden 24 Dec. 1855
    where he produced a pantomime and the drama of Rob Roy in which he
    acted Rob Roy; the theatre was burnt down 5 March 1856; performed
    at Sadler’s Wells 1856; abroad 1856–64, at St. James’s hall,
    London 1864–65; went to India and Australia. _d._ Fleece hotel,
    Darlington 3 Feb. 1874. _bur._ St. Nicholas churchyard, Aberdeen 7
    Feb. _Frost’s Lives of the conjurors_ (1876) 228–60; _The Era 8
    Feb. 1874, p. 4, col. 1_; _15 Feb. p. 4, col. 3_.

  ANDERSON, JOSEPH JOCELYN. _b._ 1789; ensign 78 foot 27 June 1805;
    served in Peninsula 1809–12; lieut. col. 50 foot 1 April 1841 to
    19 Sep. 1848 when he sold out; military commander and civil
    superintendent of convicts Norfolk Island; commanded a brigade in
    Gwalior campaign 1843; a squatter on the Goulburn Victoria; member
    of legislative council 1852; K.H. 1837, C.B. 2 May 1844. _d._
    Fairlie house, South Yarra 18 July 1877. _bur._ St. Kilda cemetery
    21 July. _I.L.N. lxxi_, 347, 348 (1877), _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, LUCY (_dau. of John Philpot of Bath_). _b._ Bath Dec.
    1790; made her début at Philharmonic Society’s concerts 1822;
    Pianist to Queen Adelaide 1832; Pianist to Queen Victoria 1837;
    gave her last concert 30 May 1862 in Her Majesty’s theatre;
    granted a civil list pension of £100 23 July 1840. (_m._ 1820
    George Frederick Anderson). _d._ 34 Nottingham place, London 24
    Dec. 1878. _bur._ Kensal Green cemetery 31 Dec. _I.L.N. xli_, 77
    (1862), _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, PAUL (_2 son of James Anderson of Grace Dieu, co.
    Waterford, by Susanna youngest dau. of Christmas Paul_). _b._ 29
    March 1767; ensign 51 foot 31 March 1788; lieut. col. 60 foot 14
    Jany. 1808 to 25 Feb. 1817 when placed on h.p.; commander of
    Gravesend and Tilbury forts 1 Dec. 1827, of Pendennis castle 23
    July 1832; col. 78 foot 9 Feb. 1837 to death; general 11 Nov.
    1851; C.B. 4 June 1815, K.C. _d._ Bath 17 Dec. 1851.

  ANDERSON, REV. PHILIP (_son of Mr. Anderson, captain H.E.I.Co._)
    Entered St. Paul’s school 7 Oct. 1824 aged 8; Pauline exhibitioner
    C.C. coll. Cam. 1834; B.A. 1838, M.A. 1849; chaplain at Colaba,
    Bombay Nov. 1849 to death; began _Bombay quarterly magazine_ 1850;
    edited _Bombay quarterly review_ Jany. 1855; author of _The
    English in Western India_ 1854. _d._ Malabar hill, Bombay 13 Dec.

  ANDERSON, REV. RICHARD. _b._ 16 Jany. 1792; ed. at Linc. coll Ox.,
    B.A. 1815; V. of Burreston, Yorkshire 1834–54; P.C. of Leeming,
    Yorkshire 1868–79; chairman of Leeming school board to 1879. _d._
    Aisken house near Bedale 24 Oct. 1884.

      NOTE.—He was the survivor of the celebrated trio of hardriding
      Yorkshire clergymen mentioned by “Nimrod” in his _Sporting
      Tour_ as hunting with the Earl of Darlington’s hounds.

  ANDERSON, ROBERT. _b._ Fettercairn, Aberdeenshire; assistant surgeon
    R.N. 1838; surgeon of the Investigator and Enterprise in the
    Arctic seas 1848–55; made a large collection illustrative of
    natural history of Arctic regions, zoological specimens were sent
    to British Museum, dried plants to Kew, and fossil remains to
    Geological society. _d._ June 1856 aged 38.

      NOTE.—Anderson bay on Victoria land is named after him.

  ANDERSON, ROBERT STERLING HORE. _b._ near Coleraine; ed. at Belfast
    academy and Dublin Univ.; solicitor in Dublin 1846, in Melbourne,
    Victoria 1854; M.P. for Emerald Hill 1855; comr. of customs
    1860–61, 1862–63 and 1875–77; repres. of Eastern province in
    legislative council; minister for justice. _d._ Melbourne 26 Oct.
    1883 aged 62.

  ANDERSON, SAMUEL. _b._ London 15 Nov. 1839; secretary to American
    land boundary commission 1869; chief astronomer to North American
    boundary commission 14 June 1872; returned to England 30 June
    1875; comr. for demarcation of frontier of Servia 1 April 1879;
    major R.E. 13 Sep. 1879 to death; C.M.G. 30 May 1877. _d._
    Dalhousie grange, Bonnyrigg, Midlothian 11 Sep. 1881.

  ANDERSON, THOMAS. Colonel 3 Madras light cavalry 21 Dec. 1859 to
    death; M.G. 21 April 1863. _d._ 9 Thurloe square, London 27 May

  ANDERSON, THOMAS (_eld. son of Thomas Anderson, sec. to National
    bank of Scotland_). _b._ Edin. 26 Feb. 1832; M.D. Edin. 1853; in
    Bengal medical service 1854 to death; surgeon 20 May 1866; had
    medical charge of Hodson’s Horse during the mutiny; superintendent
    of forest department 1864–66; director of Calcutta botanic garden
    1869 to death; worked out the flora of India; author of _Florula
    Adenensis_ 1860 and more than 20 other papers in journal of
    Linnæan society, &c. _d._ Edin. 26 Oct. 1870. _Trans. Bot. Soc.
    Edin. ii_, 41–45 (1873).

  ANDERSON, THOMAS. _b._ 2 July 1819; M.D. Edin. 1841; F.R.S. Edin.
    1845, Keith medallist 1855; chemist to Highland and Agricultural
    society of Scotland 1848–73; regius professor of chemistry in
    Univ. of Glasgow 1852; pres. of Glasgow philosophical society
    1859; pres. of chemical section of British Association at Dundee
    1867; royal medallist of Royal Society 1872. _d._ Chiswick near
    London 2 Nov. 1874. _Journal of chemical society of London_ (1875)

  ANDERSON, THOMAS. Ensign 78 foot 1845, served with it 18 years
    chiefly in India; captain 17 Aug. 1857 to 24 March 1863 when he
    sold out; Persian interpreter to Sir Willoughby Cotton and Sir
    John Grey commanders in chief at Bombay; adjutant general of
    militia in New Brunswick; commanded the frontier field force there
    during threatened Fenian invasion 1866. _d._ Westward Ho,
    Devonshire 11 Feb. 1876 aged 48.

  ANDERSON, WILLIAM (_son of James Anderson of Oban, Argyleshire,
    supervisor of excise who d. 1812._) _b._ Edin. 10 Dec. 1805;
    joined _Aberdeen Journal_ 1831; edited _Aberdeen Advertiser_ 1835;
    _The Western Watchman_ a weekly journal at Ayr 1842; sub edited
    _The Witness_ newspaper at Edin. 1844; chief sub editor of _North
    British Daily Mail_ 14 April 1847 to 1849, this was first daily
    paper in Scotland; author of _Poetical Aspirations_ 1830, _2 ed._
    1833; _Landscape Lyrics_ 1839, _2 ed._ 1854; _The Scottish nation_
    _3 vols._ 1860–62. _d._ London 2 Aug. 1866. _J. G. Wilson’s Poets
    and poetry of Scotland ii_, 269–72 (1877).

  ANDERSON, WILLIAM. Lieut. col. Bengal artillery 6 March 1854 to 20
    Feb. 1855; C.B. 24 Dec. 1842. _d._ Albury hall, Ware, Herts 22
    Sep. 1869 aged 64.

  ANDERSON, REV. WILLIAM (_2 son of Rev. John Anderson, Relief
    minister at Kilsyth near Glasgow_). _b._ Kilsyth 6 Jany. 1799;
    licensed by Relief presbytery Glasgow 5 Sep. 1820; minister of
    John st. church Glasgow 6 March 1821 to 24 Dec. 1871, the church
    was pulled down in 1858 and a new church opened by him 1 Jany.
    1860; LLD. Glasgow April 1850; author of _An apology for the
    organ_ 1829; _Discourses 1st series_ 1844, _2nd series_ 1859;
    _Regeneration_ 1850, _3 ed._ 1875. _d._ Prospect house,
    Uddingstone near Glasgow 15 Sep. 1872. _Rev. G. Gilfillan’s Life
    of Rev. W. Anderson_ 1873, _portrait_; _Reunion in the heavenly
    kingdom by the Rev. Wm. Anderson_ 1876, _portrait_.

  ANDERSON, WILLIAM ACLAND DOUGLAS (_son of Joseph Jocelyn Anderson,
    C.B._) _b._ 1829; captain 65 foot 1852–54; a comr. of gold fields
    in Victoria; col. commandant of all the volunteer corps in
    Victoria 1862; C.M.G. 25 May 1878. _d._ South Yarra 23 Jany. 1882.

  ANDERSON, WILLIAM COCHRANE. _b._ East Lothian 1792; col. R.A. 20
    June 1854 to 26 Oct. 1858; M.G. 26 Oct. 1858. _d._ Edge hill near
    Edin. 30 Aug. 1865 aged 73.

  ANDERSSEN, ADOLF. _b._ Breslau 6 July 1818; gained 1st prize at
    London chess tournaments 1851 and 1862; 2nd prize at Manchester
    1857; 1st prize at Baden 1870; 3rd prize at Vienna 1873; beaten by
    Paul Morphy at Paris Dec. 1858, losing 7 out of 9 games; an
    unrivalled player in the beauty of his combinations. _d._ Breslau
    14 March 1879. _Westminster chess club papers x_, 39 (1878),
    _portrait_; _Chess players chronicle iii_, 73–75 (1879).

  ANDERTON, JAMES. _b._ near Lincoln 1782; solicitor in London 1811;
    common councilman for ward of Farringdon Without 1836–66;
    undersheriff several times; projected Law life assurance society
    1823; founded Solicitors benevolent institution 1858. _d._ Cypress
    lodge, Dulwich 23 Jany. 1868.

  ANDRÉE, Richard Collier. Colonel 7 Bengal N.I. 20 June 1836 to 28
    Sep. 1850; colonel 69 Bengal N.I. 28 Sep. 1850 to death; general 2
    Nov. 1861. _d._ Stuttgart 27 March 1865 aged 70.

  ANDREW, JAMES (_son of Rev. James Andrew, the first principal of
    East India college at Addiscombe, Surrey who d. 13 June 1833 in 60
    year_). _b._ Addiscombe college 1811; ed. at Caius coll. Cam.;
    studied medicine at Edin. while he kept his terms at Cam.; M.D.
    Cam. 1839; practised at Edin.; phys to Royal infirmary 1846–56;
    F.R.C.P. Edin., member of council; F.R.S. Edin. _d._ 15 Queen st.
    Edin. 1 Dec. 1859.

  ANDREW, JOHN WILLIAM, Captain R.N. 26 Sep. 1812; C.B. 4 June 1815;
    retired R.A. 1 Oct. 1846. _d._ Chudleigh 5 Jany. 1854.

  ANDREW, WILLIAM. _b._ Glasgow 1804; ed. at Marischal coll. Aberdeen;
    professor of mathematics in Mc Gill coll. Quebec; rector of the
    high school Quebec; edited the _Daily Chronicle_ Quebec. _d._
    Aberdeen 1862.

  ANDREWS, ALEXANDER. Author of _The eighteenth century_ 1856; _The
    history of British journalism_, _2 vols._ 1859. _d._ Albion grove,
    Stoke Newington 9 Nov. 1873 aged 50.

  ANDREWS, AUGUSTUS. Entered Madras army 1793; col. of 27 N.I. 5 June
    1829, of 42 N.I. 21 Feb. 1834, of 1 N.I. 5 Jany. 1837, of 8 N.I. 2
    Oct. 1848, and of 39 N.I. 4 July 1856 to death; general 16 March
    1855; C.B. 23 July 1823. _d._ Vellore, Bath 3 March 1858 aged 78.

  ANDREWS, BIGGS. _b._ 1794; barrister M.T. 12 Nov. 1819; bencher 21
    April 1837, treasurer 1846; K.C. 24 Feb. 1837; comr. of bankrupts
    for Exeter district 16 Dec. 1858 to 31 Dec. 1869 when granted
    £1,800 on abolition of his office. _d._ Heavitree house near
    Exeter 28 April 1880 in 86 year.

  ANDREWS, GEORGE. _b._ London 1798; made his début as Lothair in
    _Adelgitha_ at Manchester 1819; first appeared in America Oct.
    1827 as Bob Acres in _The Rivals_ at Federal st. theatre Boston;
    acted in New York 1838, in Philadelphia 1842; left the stage and
    managed old Chinese Buildings, New York as a ball room. _d._ New
    York 7 April 1866.

  ANDREWS, HARRY. _b._ Monmouthshire 28 May 1831; a pedestrian; won
    the Four Miles champion cup at Bow; defeated the American Deer,
    Whitmore, Deerfoot, and many others; managed running grounds at
    Lillie Bridge and Surbiton. _d._ Cottage grove, Surbiton 7 March

  ANDREWS, HENRY OGDEN (_youngest son of Charles Savery Andrews,
    captain 24 foot_). _b._ St. John’s, Newfoundland 28 April 1808;
    ed. at Stratford on Avon, and in Canada; called to Canadian bar;
    Q.C. _d._ 37 Lansdowne crescent, Leamington 25 March 1884.

  ANDREWS, JANE (_dau. of Mr. Constant_). _b._ 1817; vocal composer
    and teacher. (_m._ John Holman Andrews). _d._ 60 Baker st. Portman
    sq. London 29 March 1878.

  ANDREWS, RICHARD (_son of Thomas Andrews of Bramdean, Hants,
    wheelwright_). _b._ Bishop Sutton near Alresford 18 Dec 1798; a
    coachmaker at Southampton 1 Oct. 1832 to death; sold more than 300
    carriages for £22,000 in 1845; built state carriages for Mehemet
    Ali and the Sultan; one of first members of Anti-Corn-law league;
    sheriff of Southampton 1848, mayor 1849, 1850, 1851 and 31 May
    1856 to Dec. 1856; contested Southampton Dec. 1856; gave a great
    banquet to Louis Kossuth on his arrival in England 25 Oct. 1851.
    _d._ Portland st. Southampton 28 March 1859. _I.L.N. xix_, 549
    (1851), _xx_, 12 (1852), _portrait_.

  ANDREWS, ROBERT. Colonel R.A. 20 June 1854 to 7 June 1856; M.G. 7
    June 1856. _d._ Sunderland terrace, Westbourne park, London 1 Nov.

  ANDREWS, ROBERT. Called to Irish bar 1825; Q.C. 7 Feb. 1849. _d._

  ANDREWS, WILLIAM. _b._ Chichester 1802; made many valuable additions
    to the flora and fauna of south west of Ireland; his name will be
    perpetuated in names of Trichomanes Andrewsii, and Galathea
    Andrewsii; a founder and subsequently sec. and pres. of Natural
    history society of Dublin; chairman of Natural history committee
    of Royal society of Dublin many years; M.R.I.A. 10 Jany. 1842.
    _d._ Dublin 11 March 1880. _Journal of botany_ (1880) 256–86.

  ANGAS, CALEB. _b._ 1782; a farmer at Brancepeth and at Neswick farm,
    East Yorkshire about 1815 to death; the best authority on farming
    in the East Riding; wrote letters in the _Sun_ newspaper on Free
    Trade which excited much attention and were of great service. _d._
    Driffield, Yorkshire 6 Feb. 1860.

  ANGAS, GEORGE FIFE. _b._ Newcastle 1 May 1789; senior partner of G.
    F. Angas & Co. shipowners and merchants 2 Jeffrey sq. London
    1824–33 when he retired to Devonshire; originated National and
    Provincial bank of England 1833; one of the first comrs. for
    formation of colony of South Australia 1834; established South
    Australian company 1836, Union bank of Australia 1837, and Bank of
    South Australia 1841; chairman of London boards of direction of
    these 3 companies down to 1850; arrived in Adelaide 15 Jany. 1851;
    M.P. for district of Barossa in 1st legislative council July
    1851–1871; leading spirit in colonizing South Australia. _d._
    Lindsey park Angaston, South Australia 15 May 1879.

  ANGELL, ALFRED. Organist of Exeter cathedral 34 years. _d._ The
    Close, Exeter 24 May 1876 aged 60.

  ANGELL, HELEN CORDELIA (_5 dau. of Wm. Thomas Coleman, M.D. of
    Horsham, Sussex_). _b._ Horsham Jany. 1847; exhibited drawings of
    flowers at Dudley Gallery 1864, afterwards called The general
    water colour society, and 6 flower pictures at the R.A. 1876–78;
    the only successor of Wm. Hunt. (_m._ Oct. 1875 Thomas Wm. Angell,
    Postmaster of the S.W. district of London). _d._ 55 Holland road,
    Kensington 8 March 1884. _Clayton’s English female artists ii_,
    261–63 (1876).

  ANGELL, JOHN BENEDICT. ed. at Eton and Magd. coll. Ox.; won first
    Grand national hunt steeplechase at Farndon village with
    Bridegroom 1860 and second with Queensferry 1861; won Liverpool
    Grand national with Alcibiade 1865; one of chief revivers of
    coaching; commonly known as “Cherry” Angell; the hero of C.
    Clarke’s novel _A box for the season_. _d._ 36 Curzon st. London
    12 May 1874. _Illust. sporting and dramatic news i_, 400 (1874),

  ANGELO, EDWARD ANTHONY. Captain 30 foot 9 Aug. 1831 to 12 Dec. 1834
    when placed on h.p.; K.H. 1827; a military knight of Windsor 1854
    to death. _d._ Windsor Castle 26 Aug. 1869.

  ANGELO, HENRY. Superintendent of sword exercise to the army 1833 to
    death. _d._ Brighton 14 Oct. 1852 aged 72. _G. M. xxxviii_, 543

  ANGERSTEIN, JOHN. M.P. for Greenwich 10 Jany. 1835 to 17 July 1837.
    _d._ the Woodlands, Blackheath 10 April 1858 aged 85.

  ANGERSTEIN, JOHN JULIUS WILLIAM. _b._ 1800; major Grenadier guards
    27 Dec. 1850 to 20 June 1854; L.G. 2 Feb. 1862; col. 4 West India
    regiment 14 Jany. 1866 to death. _d._ Weeting hall near Brandon,
    Norfolk 23 April 1866.

  ANGLESEY, HENRY WILLIAM PAGET, 1 Marquess of (_eld. child of Henry
    Bayly, 1 Earl of Uxbridge 1744–1812_). _b._ 17 May 1768; ed. at
    Westminster and Ch. Ch. Ox., M.A. 1786; M.P. for Carnarvon 1790–96
    and 1806–10; M.P. for Milbourn Port 1796–1804; raised among his
    father’s tenantry 80th regiment of foot or Staffordshire
    volunteers; lieut. col. commandant of it 12 Sep. 1793 to 16 June
    1795; lieut. col. 16 light dragoons 16 June 1795; lieut. col. 7
    light dragoons 6 April 1797 and col. 16 May 1801 to 20 Dec. 1842;
    succeeded 13 March 1812; lord lieut. of Anglesey 21 April 1812 to
    death; G.C.B. 2 Jany. 1815; created Marquess of Anglesey 4 July
    1815; G.C.H. 1816; K.G. 19 Feb. 1818; general 12 Aug. 1819; lord
    high steward at coronation of George iv, 19 July 1821; master
    general of the ordnance 1827–28 and 1846–52; P.C. 30 April 1827;
    lord lieut. of Ireland 1828–29 and 1830–33; col. of royal horse
    guards 20 Dec. 1842 to death; field marshal 9 Nov. 1846; lord
    lieut. of Staffs. 31 Jany. 1849 to death. _d._ 1 Old Burlington
    st. London 29 April 1854. _bur._ in Lichfield cathedral 6 May. _J.
    W. Cole’s British generals i_, 109–44 (1856), _portrait_; _N. and
    Q. 3rd series ii_, 249, 320, 339; _H. Martineau’s Biographical
    sketches, 4 ed._ 1876 57–63.

      NOTE.—In a garden close to the church at Waterloo is a
      monument to his right leg lost in the battle; he refused a
      pension of £1,200 per annum granted him for this loss, thus
      saving his country nearly £47,000.

  ANGLESEY, HENRY PAGET, 2 Marquess of (_eld. son of preceding_). _b._
    6 July 1797; M.P. for Anglesey 1820–32; summoned to House of Lords
    as Baron Paget of Beaudesert 15 Jany. 1833; col. in the army 28
    June 1838, retired 1843; lord chamberlain of the Queen’s household
    6 May 1839 to 14 Sep. 1841; P.C. 22 May 1839; succeeded 29 April
    1854; lord lieut. of Anglesey 18 May 1854 to death; kept a racing
    stud 1831–35 and 1854 to death; made on the high ground above
    Beaudesert near Lichfield one of best cricket grounds in England.
    _d._ Beaudesert 6 Feb. 1869. _Baily’s Mag. v_, 51–54 (1863),

  ANGLESEY, HENRY WILLIAM GEORGE PAGET, 3 Marquess of. _b._ 9 Dec.
    1821; lieut. col. 2 Staffordshire militia 5 Jany. 1853 to 29 Sep.
    1855; M.P. for south Staffs 1854–57; succeeded 6 Feb. 1869. _d._
    10 Albert mansions, Victoria st. London 30 Jany. 1880.

  ANGUS, GEORGE. Surgeon Bengal medical service 1836; sec. to medical
    board at Calcutta; superintending surgeon at Benares, and at
    Cawnpore; retired 1854; pres. of Medical society of Aberdeen 2
    years; manager of royal infirmary and general dispensary,
    Aberdeen. _d._ 13 Golden sq. Aberdeen 7 April 1872 in 78 year.

  ANGUS, REV. HENRY. _b._ Inverkeithing, Fifeshire 18 Oct. 1794;
    minister of St. Nicholas’ lane united presbyterian church,
    Aberdeen 1813; author of _Works of fiction, their use and abuse_
    1853. _d._ Aberdeen 28 June 1860. _Sermons by the late Rev. Henry
    Angus, edited with a memoir by his son Rev. Robert Angus_ 1861.

  ANNESLEY, WILLIAM RICHARD ANNESLEY, 4 Earl (_eld. son of 3 Earl
    Annesley 1772–1838_). _b._ Rutland sq. Dublin 21 Feb. 1830;
    succeeded 25 Aug. 1838; M.P. for Grimsby 1852–57; established his
    claim as a peer 24 July 1855; representative peer for Ireland 15
    Oct. 1867. _d._ Cowes, Isle of Wight 10 Aug. 1874. _I.L.N. lxv_,
    188 (1874), _portrait_.

  ANSELL, CHARLES (_eld. son of Thomas Ansell of Lewisham, Kent_).
    _b._ 1794; actuary of Atlas insurance office 1823–64; published _A
    treatise on friendly societies_ 1835, when a large professional
    practice at once fell to his share; completed the Bonus
    investigation of National provident office; F.R.S. 10 April 1834;
    F.S.A. 21 June 1828. _d._ 7 Eastern terrace, Brighton 14 Dec.

  ANSELL, GEORGE FREDERICK. _b._ Carshalton, Surrey 4 March 1826;
    assistant to A. W. Hofman at Royal School of mines; scientific
    director at Royal Panopticon, Leicester sq. London 1854; employed
    at Royal mint 12 Nov. 1856 to 31 Dec. 1868; an analyst in London
    1869 to death; patented the firedamp indicator 9 March 1865, which
    was adopted in many foreign collieries. _d._ 6 Hartham road,
    London 21 Dec. 1880. _The royal mint by G. F. Ansell_, _3 ed._

  ANSELL, THOMAS. M.R.C.S. Eng. and L.S.A. 1820; M.D. St. Andrews
    1843; surgeon at Bow, London; chairman of Society of Apothecaries
    1861 to death; officer of health for Bow; F.L.S. _d._ of cholera
    at Harley place, Bow road 24 July 1866 in his 68 year.

  ANSON, AUGUSTUS HENRY ARCHIBALD. _b._ 5 March 1835; captain 84 foot
    1855–58; aide de camp to general Grant in Indian mutiny 1857–58;
    received Victoria cross for bravery at Bolundshawm and Lucknow 24
    Dec. 1858; M.P. for Lichfield 1859–68, and for Bewdley 1869–74.
    _d._ Cannes 17 Nov. 1877. _Mrs. Farlie’s Portraits of the children
    of the nobility_, _3rd series_ 1841, _portrait_.

  ANSON, VERY REV. FREDERIC (_youngest son of George Adams of Orgrave,
    Staffs. 1731–89 who assumed name of Anson_). _b._ 23 March 1779;
    ed. at Eton, Rugby and Ch. Ch. Ox.; student 1796, B.A. 1801, M.A.
    1804, B.D. and D.D. 1839; fellow of All soul’s coll. 1799–1803; R.
    of Sudbury, Derbyshire 1803–36; canon of Southwell, Notts. 7 Oct.
    1826; dean of Chester 9 May 1839 to death; R. of Doddleston,
    Cheshire 1843 to death. (_m._ 2 May 1807 Mary Anne only dau. of
    Rev. Richard Levett of Milford, Staffs., she _d._ 15 Oct. 1862).
    _d._ The deanery, Chester 8 May 1867. _bur._ Chester cemetery.

  ANSON, GEORGE (_2 son of Thomas Anson, 1 Viscount Anson 1767–1818_).
    _b._ Shugborough near Stafford 13 Oct. 1797; captain 14 dragoons
    1823–25 when placed on h.p.; clerk of the Ordnance 1846–52; M.G.
    11 Nov. 1851; commanded a division in Bengal 1853 and the Madras
    army 1854; commander in chief in India 20 Nov. 1855 to death; col.
    55 foot 19 Dec. 1856 to death; M.P. for Great Yarmouth 1818–34,
    for Stoke upon Trent 1836–37, and for South Staffs. 1837–53; a
    great friend of Duke of York; crack shot of Red House Club,
    Battersea when pigeon shooting mania was at its height 1828; was
    never excelled as a judge of racing. _d._ of cholera at Karnál
    during the mutiny 27 May 1857. _Fortnightly Review xxxix_, 541–44

  ANSON, JOHN WILLIAM. _b._ Marylebone, London 31 July 1817; made his
    début at T.R. Bath as Lissardo in _The Wonder_ 1842; acted in
    north of England and Ireland 1843–49; manager of Scotch theatres
    1849–53; acted at Astley’s 1853–59; founded Dramatic, equestrian
    and musical sick fund 4 July 1855, Dramatic burial ground at
    Woking 1856, Dramatic college at Woking 1859, (opened by Prince of
    Wales 5 June 1865) and the G. V. Brooke lifeboat fund 1866;
    treasurer and acting manager of Adelphi theatre 1858–78; published
    _Dramatic almanac_ 1857–72. _d._ 50a Lincoln’s Inn Fields 6 Feb.
    1881. _The Players i_, 185 (1860), _portrait_; _Anson’s dramatic
    almanac_ 1872, _portrait_.

  ANSON, SIR JOHN WILLIAM HAMILTON, 2 Baronet. _b._ London 26 Dec.
    1816; ed. at Eton and Trin. coll. Cam.; succeeded 13 Jany. 1847.
    _d._ Royal hotel Wigan 2 Aug. 1873 2 hours after accident at Wigan
    junction station of London and North Western railway. _I.L.N.
    lxiii_, 134, 135 (1873).

  ANSTEAD, THOMAS. _b._ Twickenham 9 Aug. 1840; a fast round-armed
    bowler; engaged at the Oval, London 1866; and at Oatlands park
    club, Weybridge 1869 to death. _d._ Weybridge 21 July 1875.

  ANSTED, DAVID THOMAS (_son of Wm. Ansted_). _b._ London 5 Feb. 1814;
    ed. at Jesus coll. Cam. 32 wrangler 1836; B.A. 1836, M.A. 1839;
    Ley fellow of his college 1840–1851; professor of geology in
    King’s college London April 1840–1853; professor of geology at
    college of Civil Engineers Putney 1845; consulting geologist and
    mining engineer 1850 to death; F.G.S. 1838, Sec. 1844–1847; F.R.S.
    11 Jany. 1844; edited _Quarterly Journal of Geological Society_;
    author of _An elementary course of geology_ 1850, _2 ed._ 1856;
    _Physical geography_ 1867, _5 ed._ 1871 and many other books.
    (_m._ 24 June 1848 Augusta Dorothea Hackett youngest dau. of
    Alexander Baillie of Green st. Grosvenor sq.) _d._ Melton near
    Woodbridge 20 May 1880. _Proc. of Royal society xxxi_, 1 (1881).

  ANSTER, JOHN (_eld. son of John Anster of Charleville, Cork_). _b._
    Charleville 1793; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin; scholar 1814, B.A.
    1816, LL.B. and LLD. 1825; barrister 1824; registrar of high court
    of admiralty Ireland 1837 to death; granted civil list pension of
    £150 30 Aug. 1841; regius professor of civil law Trin. coll. Dub.
    1850 to death; M.R.I.A. 12 Feb. 1838; vice pres. 1849–52; author
    of _Faustus from the German of Goethe_, 2 parts 1835–64 the first
    English translation and thrice reprinted in Germany. _Xeniola,
    poems including translations from Schiller and De la Motte Fouqué_
    1837. (_m._ 1832 Elizabeth eld. dau. of Wm. Blacker Bennett of
    Castle Crea, co. Limerick, she was granted a civil list pension of
    £50 3 Aug. 1870). _d._ Dublin 9 June 1867. _Dublin Univ. Mag.
    xiv_, 544–46 (1839), _portrait_.

  ANSTEY, THOMAS CHISHOLM (_2 son of Thomas Anstey of Anstey Barton,
    Tasmania, sheep farmer and member of legislative council who d. 23
    May 1851 aged 73_). _b._ London 1816; ed. at Wellington Somerset,
    and Univ. college London; articled to J. A. Frampton of 10 New
    Inn, London, solicitor; one of the first affected by the Oxford
    tractarian movement who went over to Rome; barrister Middle Temple
    25 Jany. 1839; equity draftsman; professor of law and
    jurisprudence at colleges of St. Peter and St. Paul. Prior park,
    Bath, some years; comr. for insolvent debtors in Van Diemen’s Land
    a short time; member of the Irish confederation which first met 13
    Jany. 1847; M.P. for Youghal (lib.) 7 Aug. 1847 to 1 July 1852;
    contested Bedford 9 July 1852; signalized himself as the special
    adversary of Lord Palmerston, moved a kind of general impeachment
    of him in a speech of 5 hours length during which he never
    referred to a note for a date, figure or fact 8 Feb. 1848;
    introduced bills for repeal of Roman catholic penal laws 1848 and
    1849; a comr. to revise the statutes March 1853; attorney general
    at Hong Kong Oct. 1855 to 30 Jany. 1859; poisoned by Ah-lum the
    Chinese baker there 15 Jany. 1857 but recovered; joined the Bombay
    bar 1860, became leader of it 1862; acting judge of high court of
    Bombay as deputy for Sir Joseph Arnould 1865 to 30 Dec. 1865; went
    to England 1866; revising barrister in England 1868; rejoined the
    Bombay bar 1869; author of _A guide to the laws of England
    affecting Roman Catholics_ 1842; _Guide to the history of the laws
    and constitutions of England_ 1845. (_m._ 1840 Harriet 2 dau. of
    Gerard Edward Strickland of Loughlin house, co. Roscommon). _d._
    Bombay 12 Aug. 1873. _Law mag. and law review xxi_, 136–40 (1866),
    _xxiii_, 145–55 (1867), _xxvi_, 121–40 (1868); _Law Times lv_,
    316–17 _and_ 352–54 (1873); _I.L.N. xvi_, 85 (1849), _portrait_;
    _Hansard’s Debates xcvi_, 291–311 (1848).

  ANSTICE, WILLIAM REYNOLDS. _b._ Shropshire 1807; a solicitor at Iron
    Bridge; partner in Madeley Wood iron company 1858; manager of the
    works 1867 to death; devoted much attention to manufacture of
    cold-blast pig iron; member of Iron and steel institute 1869. _d._
    Madeley 28 July 1881.

  ANSTIE, FRANCIS EDMUND (_youngest child of Paul Anstie of Devizes,
    manufacturer_). _b._ Devizes 11 Dec. 1833; M.R.C.S. and L.S.A.
    1856, M.B. London 1857, M.D. 1859; M.R.C.P. 1859, F.R.C.P 1865;
    assistant phys. Westminster hospital 1860–73, phys. 1873 to death;
    edited the _Practitioner_ 1868 to death, wrote a great deal of it;
    originated with Ernest Hart inquiry into workhouse system, which
    resulted in Gathorne Hardy’s Metropolitan poor act 1867; author of
    _Stimulants and narcotics_ 1864; _Notes on epidemics_ 1866;
    _Neuralgia and the diseases which resemble it_ 1871. _d._ 16
    Wimpole st. Cavendish square, 12 Sep. 1874. _Graphic x_, 298, 309
    (1874), _portrait_; _Practitioner xiii_, 241, 305 (1874), _xvi_,
    1–43 (1876), _portrait_.

  ANSTIE, GEORGE WASHINGTON. _b._ 1800; admitted attorney 1822;
    practiced at Devizes; worked energetically for parliamentary
    reform, negro emancipation, corn law repeal and the temperance
    movement. _d._ Park dale, Devizes 17 July 1882.

  ANSTRUTHER, PHILIP. _b._ 12 Sep. 1807; served in China 1841; a
    prisoner there 6 months; served in Punjab and Kaffir wars; major
    Madras artillery 1853–58; M.G. 4 Nov. 1858; C.B. 24 Dec. 1842.
    _d._ Pitcorthie near Fife 18 Feb. 1884.

  ANSTRUTHER, PHILIP ROBERT. _b._ 30 June 1841; ensign 94 foot 31 Dec.
    1858; lieut. col. 7 Aug. 1880 to death. _d._ Transvaal of wounds
    received in action 26 Dec. 1880. _I.L.N. lxxviii_, 205 (1881)

  ANSTRUTHER, SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE, 4 baronet. _b._ Grosvenor place,
    London 1 March 1804; succeeded 2 Aug. 1818; rector of univ. of St.
    Andrews 1859. _d._ Balcaskie, Fifeshire 18 Oct. 1863.

  ANSTRUTHER, SIR WYNDHAM CARMICHAEL, 4 Baronet. _b._ Lincoln’s Inn
    Fields, London 6 March 1793; succeeded Nov. 1831. _d._ Boulogne 10
    Sep. 1869.

  ANTHONY, CHARLES. Founded the Hereford Times 1832; mayor of Hereford
    6 times. _d._ The Elms, Hereford 5 Feb. 1885 in 82 year.

  ANTRIM, HUGH SEYMOUR MACDONNELL, 4 Earl of. _b._ Portman square,
    London 7 Aug. 1812; succeeded 26 Oct. 1835. _d._ Glenarm castle,
    Larne, co. Antrim 18 July 1855.

  ANTRIM, MARK MACDONNELL, 5 Earl of. _b._ Portman square, London 3
    April 1814; established his claim as an Irish peer 15 July 1858;
    captain R.N. 1 July 1864. _d._ Glenarm castle 19 Dec. 1869.

  ANTROBUS, SIR EDMUND, 2 Baronet. _b._ St. Martin’s in the Fields
    London 17 May 1792; succeeded 6 Feb. 1826. _d._ 146 Piccadilly 4
    May 1870.

      NOTE.—His personalty was sworn under £300,000 25 June 1870.

  ANTROBUS, GIBBS CRAWFURD. _b._ 27 May 1793; sec. of legation to the
    United States of America 18 June 1816, at Turin 8 Feb. 1823, and
    at court of the two Sicilies 1 Oct. 1824 to May 1826; M.P. for
    Aldborough, Yorkshire 1820–26 and for Plympton, Devon 1826–32.
    _d._ Eaton hall, Congleton 21 May 1861.

  APLIN, JOHN GUISE ROGERS. _b._ 7 Nov. 1819; ensign 28 foot 7 Oct.
    1837; lieut. col. 48 foot 23 Nov. 1860 to 12 Nov. 1870 when placed
    on h.p.; L.G. 1 July 1881. _d._ 10 Edith road, West Kensington,
    London 10 April 1883.

  APPERLEY, WILLIAM WYNNE (_son of Charles James Apperley 1778–1843,
    author of sporting works under pseudonym of Nimrod_). Cornet
    Bengal cavalry 1823; in charge of Poosah stud in Behar 1840–43 and
    1845–52; superintended central division of stud department in
    Bengal 1854–55; major 3 European light cavalry 1854–61; remount
    agent at Cape of Good Hope 1857–60; left the service Dec. 1861.
    _d._ Morben near Machynlleth, Montgomeryshire 25 April 1870 aged
    62. _Baily’s Mag. xviii_, 253–55 (1870).

  APPLEBY, JOHN FREDERICK (_son of John Appleby of Soberton, Hants,
    farmer_). _b._ 18 Nov. 1795; captain R.N. 29 Jany. 1838; retired
    admiral 10 Sep. 1869. _d._ Blackbrook lodge, Fareham 3 Feb. 1878.

  APPLEGATH, AUGUSTUS (_son of Augustus Joseph Applegath, captain of
    H.E.I. Co.’s ship Europa_). _b._ parish of St. Dunstan, Stepney 17
    June 1788; a printer in Nelson sq. Blackfriars road; constructed
    machines for printing bank notes 1818; erected a printing office
    in Duke st. Stamford st.; invented the composition ball and
    roller, and the steam printing press; the first book printed by
    steam was Waterton’s Wanderings; invented with Edward Cowper the
    four-cylinder machine, and erected it at the Times office 1827;
    patented vertical machine 1846; erected one at Times office, May
    1848, which produced 10,000 impressions per hour; invented a
    machine for printing 6 colours at once; took out 18 patents for
    improvements in letterpress and silk printing; established large
    silk and print works at Crayford, and printing works at Dartford.
    _d._ Dartford 9 Feb. 1871. _Bohn’s Pictorial handbook of London_
    (1854) 76–86; _N. and Q. 4 series iii_, 485 (1869) _vii_, 153
    (1871); _Dartford Chronicle 25 Feb. 1871, p._ 3, _col._ 1.

      NOTE.—In the year 1818 Messrs. Applegath and Cowper
      constructed machines for the Bank of England to print in
      several colours in perfect register designs for the prevention
      of forgery; some millions of £1 notes were printed by them in
      the Bank, but were never issued, in consequence of the
      resumption of cash payment 1 May 1821.

    Appleton, Head master of Reading school who d. 5 Feb. 1875 aged
    73_). _b._ Reading 16 March 1841; Tunbridge fellow of St. John’s
    coll. Ox. 1864 to death; B.A. 1863, D.C.L. 1871; studied at
    Heidelberg and Berlin; lecturer in philosophy at his college Oct.
    1867; lived at Hampstead 1872–77; founded _The Academy_ monthly
    literary paper 9 Oct. 1869, edited it to his death; took an active
    share in agitation that resulted in passing of Universities act
    1877; wrote in the _Theological_, _Fortnightly_ and _Contemporary
    Review_s; edited _Essays on the endowment of research_ 1876. _d._
    Luxor, Upper Egypt 1 Feb. 1879. _Dr. Appleton his life and
    literary relics, by J. H. Appleton and A. H. Sayce_ 1881,

  APPLEYARD, GEORGE. Of Westbourne place, Eaton square, London; many
    years secretary and librarian to the Earls Spencer. _d._ Walmer 30
    Aug. 1855.

  APPOLD, JOHN GEORGE (_son of Christian Appold of Wilson st.
    Finsbury, London, fur skin dyer, who was naturalized by 45 George
    iii, cap. 83_). _b._ Wilson st. 14 April 1800; a fur skin dyer
    there 1822; a manager of the London Institution 1844; invented
    Centrifugal rotary pump which was a prominent feature in
    International Exhibitions of 1851 and 1862; invented a break used
    in laying first Atlantic cable 1857; A.I.C.E. May 1850; F.R.S. 2
    June 1853. _d._ Clifton Down hotel, Clifton 31 Aug. 1865. _Proc.
    of Royal society xv_, 1–6 (1867); _Minutes of proc. of instit. of
    C.E. xxv_, 523–25 (1866).

  APTHORP, EAST. Entered Madras army 1820; commandant at Hyderabad 18
    March 1859 to 18 April 1860; retired M.G. 31 Dec. 1861; C.B. 16
    Nov. 1858. _d._ Amherst lodge, Tunbridge Wells 3 March 1875 aged

    1825–46; L.G. 24 Aug. 1866. _d._ Little Heath, Old Charlton 11
    Oct. 1874.

  ARBUTHNOT, SIR ALEXANDER DUNDAS Young (_only son of Robert
    Arbuthnot, lieut. col. 31 foot, who d. 10 July 1796_). _b._ 1796;
    captain R.N. 1824–46 when he retired on h.p.; gentleman of Privy
    Chamber 2 Nov. 1824 to death; col. commandant of depôt at
    Santander, Spain 26 Oct. 1835; led forlorn hope at storming of
    Irun; brigadier general in service of Queen of Spain 1838;
    knighted by Queen Victoria at St. James’s palace 25 June 1859;
    retired admiral 30 Nov. 1863; lord prior of English language of
    Knights of Malta 16 July 1860 to death. (_m._ 25 May 1827
    Catherine Maria 3 dau. of Rev. Charles Eustace of Robertstown co.
    Kildare). _d._ Shenton hall, Nuneaton, Leics. 8 May 1871.

  ARBUTHNOT, CHARLES GEORGE JAMES (_eld. son of Right Hon. Charles
    Arbuthnot of Woodford house, Thrapstone, who d. 18 Aug. 1850 aged
    82_). _b._ 1801; ed. at Westminster; ensign grenadier guards 26
    Dec. 1816; lieut. col. of 72 foot 25 Sep. 1826; of 90 foot 17 May
    1831, and of 72 foot 23 Feb. 1838 to 14 April 1843, when placed on
    h.p.; col. of 89 foot 9 July 1857, and of 91 foot 4 July 1864 to
    death; general 25 Nov. 1864; M.P. for Tregony 1831–32. _d._
    Folkestone 21 Oct. 1870.

  ARBUTHNOT, GEORGE. _b._ 1802; clerk in the Treasury 1820 to death;
    private secretary to 6 successive secretaries of the Treasury;
    private sec. to Sir Robert Peel when prime minister Feb. 1843; and
    to Sir Charles Wood when chancellor of the exchequer July 1846;
    auditor of the civil list 1850 to death. _d._ Surbiton, Surrey 28
    July 1865. _Dictionary of national biography ii_, 61 (1885).

  ARBUTHNOT, GEORGE BINGHAM. Lieut. col. 8 Madras light cavalry 1 Feb.
    1856 to 31 Dec. 1861; retired M.G. 31 Dec. 1861. _d._ Bath 30 May
    1867 aged 63.

  ARBUTHNOT, SIR ROBERT (_4 son of John Arbuthnot of Rockfleet castle
    co. Mayo_). _b._ 1773; captain Coldstream guards 25 July 1814 to
    19 July 1821, when placed on h.p.; L.G. 23 Nov. 1841; col. 76 foot
    31 May 1843 to death; K.C.B. 2 Jan. 1815, K.T.S. (_m._ Harriot
    only child of Wm. Vesey of Farmill, Ireland, she _d._ 5 Dec.
    1861). _d._ Bonchurch, Isle of Wight 6 May 1853. _Household Words
    v_, 519 (1852).

  ARBUTHNOT, SIR ROBERT KEITH, 2 Baronet. _b._ Edinburgh 9 Sep. 1801;
    in Bombay civil service 1819–47; succeeded 18 Sep. 1829. _d._
    Florence 4 March 1873.

  ARBUTHNOT, WILLIAM URQUHART (_5 son of Sir Wm. Arbuthnot, 1 Bart.
    1766–1829_). _b._ 24 March 1807; ed. at high sch. Edin. and
    Haileybury college; in the Madras civil service 1826–46; member of
    firm of Arbuthnot and Co. Madras 1846; returned to England 1858;
    member of Indian council 21 Sep. 1858 to death; chairman of its
    finance committee. (_m._ 2 June 1834 Eliza only dau. of Gen. Sir
    Henry George Andrew Taylor, G.C.B.) _d._ Eaton place, London 11
    Dec. 1874. _Graphic xi_, 68 (1875), _portrait_.

  ARBUTHNOTT, JOHN, 8 Viscount Arbuthnott (_eld. son of John
    Arbuthnott, 7 Viscount Arbuthnott, who d. 27 Feb. 1800_). _b._ 16
    Jany. 1778; Rep. Peer Scotland 1818–47; lord rector of Univ. of
    Aberdeen; lord lieut. of Kincardineshire to 1847. _d._ Berlin 10
    Jany. 1860.

  ARBUTHNOTT, SIR HUGH (_2 son of 7 Viscount Arbuthnott_). _b._ 1780;
    lieut. col. 52 foot 9 May 1811 to 8 April 1813, when placed on
    h.p.; col. 38 foot 4 April 1843 to 14 March 1862; col. 79 foot 14
    March 1862 to death; general 20 June 1854; M.P. for co. Kincardine
    1826–65; C.B. 8 Dec. 1815; K.C.B. 10 Nov. 1862. _d._ 11 July 1868.

  ARBUTHNOTT, WILLIAM. _b._ 1786; lieut col. R.A. 23 Nov. 1841 to 1
    April 1844 when retired on full pay; general 29 March 1873. _d._
    20 Gloucester road, London 14 Dec. 1876.

  ARCEDECKNE, ANDREW (_only son of Andrew Arcedeckne of Glevering
    hall, Suffolk 1780–1849_). _b._ 1822; ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox.; sent out
    a cargo of tobacco pipes to our soldiers in the Crimea; sheriff of
    Suffolk 1856, paid fine of £100 for not having javelin men;
    commodore of royal London yacht club 18 years. (_m._ 1870 Jane
    Elsworthy, an actress, she _d._ 5 Oct. 1879 aged 54). _d._ 45
    Marlborough hill, St. John’s Wood, London 31 May 1871 in 49 year.

      NOTE.—Thackeray depicted him in language, manner and gesture
      as Harry Foker in Pendennis, where there is also an exact
      woodcut portrait of him.

  ARCH, JOHN (_son of William Arch of 163 Fenchurch st. London, linen
    shirt maker_). Apprenticed to George Robinson of 25 Paternoster
    row, the great publisher of his day; bookseller at corner of
    Lombard st. and Gracechurch st. 1792, with his brother Arthur
    Portsmouth Arch who _d._ 9 April 1839; at 61 Cornhill 1810–38;
    collected the Henry Perkins library, the George Hibbert library,
    also the London institution library; published many valuable
    books. _d._ Vassal road, Kennington 1853 aged 87.

  ARCHBOLD, JOHN FREDERICK. Barrister L.I. 5 May 1814; author of _The
    practice of the court of King’s Bench in personal actions and
    ejectment_, _2 vols._ 1819, _14 ed._ 1885; _A summary of the law
    relating to pleading and evidence in criminal cases_, _19 ed._
    1878; _The parish officer_ 1852, _6 ed._ 1881, and many other
    legal works. _d._ 15 Gloucester st. Regent’s park, London 28 Nov.
    1870 aged 85. _J. G. Marvin’s Legal bibliography_ (1847) 66–70.

  ARCHBOLD, ROBERT. M.P. for co. Kildare (radical) 11 Aug. 1837 to 23
    July 1847. _d._ Davidstown house near Castle Dermot, co. Kildare 9
    March 1855.

  ARCHDALL-GRATWICKE, REV. GEORGE. _b._ Derbyshire 21 April 1787; ed.
    at Em. coll. Cam.; B.A. 1815, M.A. 1818, B.D. 1825, D.D. 1835;
    fellow of his college; dean, bursar, prelector and steward; master
    May 1835 to death; vice chancellor of Cambridge 1835 and 1841;
    canon of Norwich 1842–67; took additional surname of Gratwicke by
    royal license 28 April 1863. (_m._ 1835 Jemima Elizabeth eld. dau.
    of Rev. Wm. Kinleside of Angmering, Sussex). _d._ the Lodge, Em.
    coll. Cambridge 16 Sep. 1871.

      NOTE.—His personalty was sworn under £180,000 Oct. 1871, he
      left £6000 to his college.

  ARCHER, FREDERICK SCOTT (_2 son of Mr. Archer, of Bishop Stortford,
    butcher_). _b._ 1813; assistant to Massey of Leadenhall st.
    London, silversmith; a sculptor; applied collodion to photography
    successfully 1850, first account of this process was in the
    _Chemist_, March 1851, it was in general use for 30 years till the
    gelatine process was discovered; photographer at 105 Great Russell
    st. Bloomsbury 1852 to death; invented a camera and a liquid lens;
    the first to use a triplet lens. _d._ 105 Great Russell st. 1 May
    1857. _Report of the jurors on class xiv (photography) of the
    International Exhibition_ 1862; _N. and Q. 1 series vi_, 277, 396,
    426 (1852), _vii_, 92, 218 (1853).

  ARCHER, GEORGINA (_sister of James Archer_). Went to Berlin 1859;
    Victoria Lyceum there was founded in 1867, mainly through her
    efforts. _d._ Montreux, Switzerland 22 Nov. 1882.

  ARCHER, HENRY. Invented and patented machine for perforating postage
    stamps 1848. _d._ Pau, France 2 April 1863.

  ARCHER, JOHN WYKEHAM. _b._ Newcastle 1808; apprenticed to John Scott
    of Coppice row, London, animal engraver; Engraver in London 1831
    to death; Associate of New Society of Painters in Watercolours;
    author of _Vestiges of old London_ 1851; _Posthumous Poems_ 1873.
    _d._ Kentish town, London 25 May 1864. _Pinks’s Clerkenwell_
    (1865) 639–41.

  ARCHER, THOMAS CROXEN. Clerk in Customs at Liverpool; collected,
    arranged and named the specimens of the imports into Liverpool for
    the Great Exhibition of 1851; a professor in the Liverpool
    institution; superintendent of Technological museum Edin. 26 June
    1860, and director Jany. 1866 to death; joint executive comr. from
    Great Britain to American Centennial Exhibition 1876; F.R.S. Edin.
    _d._ London 19 Feb. 1885. _Athenæum 28 Feb. 1885_, _p._ 283.
    _Graphic xiii_, 542, 552 (1876), _portrait_.

  ARCHIBALD, CHARLES DICKSON (_eld. son of Samuel George Wm.
    Archibald, Speaker of Assembly, Nova Scotia_). _b._ Truro, Nova
    Scotia 31 Oct. 1802; author of _A look towards the future of the
    British colonies_ 1854; F.R.S. 26 Nov. 1840. (_m._ 16 Sep. 1832
    Bridget only child of Myles Walker of Rusland hall, Lancashire).
    _d._ 1868.

  ARCHIBALD, SIR EDWARD MORTIMER (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 10
    May 1810; chief clerk and registrar of supreme court of
    Newfoundland 8 Nov. 1832; attorney general 5 Nov. 1846; advocate
    general 15 April 1847 to May 1855; consul in state of New York 1
    Oct. 1857; judge in mixed court New York for suppression of
    African slave trade 14 Oct. 1862 to 1 Oct. 1870; consul general
    for states of New York, &c. 9 Feb. 1871 to 1 Jany. 1883; C.B. 17
    March 1865; K.C.M.G. 12 Aug. 1882. (_m._ 1834 Katherine dau. of A.
    Richardson of Halifax, Nova Scotia). _d._ 11 St. John’s terrace,
    Brighton 8 Feb. 1884.

  ARCHIBALD, SIR THOMAS DICKSON (_brother of the preceding_). _b._
    Truro, Nova Scotia 1817; attorney and barrister province of Nova
    Scotia 1837; a special pleader in London 1844–52; student of M.T.
    11 Nov. 1840, barrister 30 Nov. 1852; drew Petition of Right act
    usually called Bovill’s act 1860; junior counsel to Treasury
    otherwise called Attorney general’s Devil Feb. 1868 to Nov. 1872;
    serjeant at law 20 Nov. 1872; judge of Court of Queen’s Bench 22
    Nov. 1872 to Feb. 1875; knighted by the Queen at Osborne 5 Feb.
    1873; judge of Court of Common Pleas Feb. 1875 to death. (_m._
    1841 Sarah only dau. of Richard Smith of The Priory Dudley). _d._
    7 Porchester gate, Hyde Park 18 Oct. 1876 in 60 year. _Law
    magazine and law review ii_, 177–88 (1877); _I.L.N. lxii_, 11, 13
    (1873), _portrait_.

  ARDEN, HENRY THOMAS, the assumed name of Henry Thomas Arnold; author
    of _Princess Charming_, _The belle of the Barley-mow_, _The
    armourer’s daughter_, _The right-fall heir_ and many other
    burlesques and extravaganzas. _d._ 25 Nov. 1876 aged 36.

  ARDEN, JOSEPH (_eld. son of Joseph Arden of Islington_). _b._ 10 May
    1799; ed. at Merchant Taylors; barrister G.I. 18 Nov. 1840,
    bencher 1 March 1875; principal of Cliffords Inn 5 Feb. 1855 to
    death; F.S.A. 10 June 1847; author of _The orations of Hyperides
    for Lycophron and Euxenippus now first printed in facsimile with a
    short account of the discovery of the original manuscript at
    Western Thebes in Upper Egypt in 1847_. _Cambridge_ 1853. _d._ 1
    Cliffords Inn 30 Jany. 1879.

  ARGUIMBAU, LAWRENCE. Captain 1 foot 1809–16 when placed on h.p.;
    Col. 80 foot 30 April 1853 to death; L.G. 20 June 1854; C.B. 22
    June 1815. _d._ Mahon, Minorca 18 Aug. 1854.

  ARKWRIGHT, GEORGE. _b._ 20 Aug. 1807; barrister L.I. 22 Nov. 1833;
    M.P. for Leominster 1842 to death. _d._ 2D The Albany Piccadilly,
    London 5 Feb. 1856.

  ARKWRIGHT, HENRY. _b._ 16 Dec. 1837; captain 84 foot 18 April 1865
    to death; killed by fall of an avalanche when ascending Mont Blanc
    13 Oct. 1866.

  ARKWRIGHT, REV. JOSEPH. _b._ 9 Aug. 1791; ed. at Eton and Trin.
    coll. Cam., B.A. 1812; master of Essex foxhounds 1861 to death;
    built new kennels at Harlow; a celebrated horseman; one of largest
    farmers in Essex. _d._ 29 Feb. 1864. Personalty sworn under
    £400,000 April 1864.

  ARKWRIGHT, PETER. _b._ 17 April 1784; sheriff of Derbyshire 1855.
    _d._ Willersley, Derbyshire 19 Sep. 1866. Personalty sworn under
    £800,000 Nov. 1866.

  ARMENI, SIR PETER BRAILA. Greek envoy extraord. and min. plenipo. in
    London 24 April 1882 to death; G.C.M.G. 1882. _d._ 18 Queen’s gate
    terrace, South Kensington 15 Sep. 1884.

  ARMISTEAD, WILSON. Author of _A tribute for the Negro_ 1848; _Select
    Miscellanies_, _2 vols._ 1851; _The Anti-slavery pilot_, 22
    _numbers_ 1855; _Tales and legends of the English lakes and
    mountains, by Lorenzo Tuvar_ 1855. _d._ Virginia house, Leeds 18
    Feb. 1868 aged 49. _Joseph Smith’s Friends books i_, 124–31
    (1867); _Annual Monitor for 1869 pp._ 2–8.

  ARMITAGE, SIR ELKANAH (_3 son of Elkanah Armitage of Newton,
    Lancs._) _b._ Failsworth Sep. 1794; a handloom weaver; founded
    firm of Armitage and Co. of London and Manchester, cotton spinners
    1827, retired 1873; member of the first town council Manchester
    1838; alderman 1841–65; mayor 1846–48; knighted by the Queen at
    Buckingham Palace 31 Jany. 1849 for his services during Chartist
    riots 1848; contested Salford March 1857; sheriff of county
    palatine of Lancaster 1866. _d._ Hope hall, Pendleton near
    Manchester 26 Nov. 1876. _Graphic xiv_, 592, 595 (1876),

  ARMITAGE, GEORGE. Took a point net machine to Antwerp 1801,
    introducing manufacture of point net lace into Belgium; went to
    Paris where he effected many alterations in the stocking frame;
    invented the circular hose frame; went to Prussia then to Cambray;
    sent or took lace machines to Moscow; went to Australia about
    1850. _d._ Australia 1857 aged 89.

  ARMITAGE, REV. ROBERT. R. of Easthope, Salop 1843 to death;
    published anonymously _Doctor Hookwell or the Anglo-Catholic
    family_, _3 vols._ 1842; _The Penscellwood papers comprising
    essays on the souls and future life of animals_, _2 vols._ 1846;
    _Ernest Singleton_ 1848; _Dr. Johnson his religious life and his
    death_ 1850. _d._ Easthope 2 Feb. 1852 aged 47.

  ARMSTRONG, ALEXANDER. 2 Lieutenant Royal Irish Artillery 7 July
    1783; major 24 July 1800 to 1 April 1801 when he retired on full
    pay; general 30 June 1854. _d._ Green park, Bath 2 Dec. 1861 aged

  ARMSTRONG, SIR ANDREW, 1 Baronet (_eld. son of Edmund Armstrong of
    Gallen, King’s county 1754–1827_). _b._ Gallen Priory 19 Oct.
    1786; sheriff of King’s county 1811 and 1836; receiver general of
    stamps in Ireland 1831–41; M.P. for King’s county 1841–52; created
    baronet 18 Sep. 1841. _d._ Chester 27 Jany. 1863.

  ARMSTRONG, EDMUND JOHN. _b._ Mornington house, Upper Merrion st.
    Dublin 23 July 1841; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin; took 1st prize in
    Latin and Greek verse; pres. of the Undergraduate philosophical
    society; received gold medal of Royal historical society Nov.
    1864; author of _Poems_ 1865, new ed. 1877. _d._ Kingstown near
    Dublin 24 Feb. 1865. _Life and letters of E. J. Armstrong, edited
    by G. F. Armstrong_ 1877, _portrait_.

  ARMSTRONG, JAMES WELLS. Lieut, col. 4 depôt battalion 2 Oct. 1855 to
    16 Oct. 1860 when placed on h.p.; deputy adjutant general 1 Nov.
    1871 to 25 Nov. 1876; deputy adjutant general for auxiliary forces
    25 Nov. 1876 to death; C.B. 2 Jany. 1857. _d._ 98 St. George’s sq.
    Westminster 12 April 1880.

  ARMSTRONG, JOHN. _b._ Ingram, Northumberland 13 Oct. 1775; a
    millwright and engineer at Bristol, city surveyor there 1831 to
    death; A.I.C.E. 1828. _d._ 17 March 1854.

  ARMSTRONG, RIGHT REV. JOHN (_eld. son of John Armstrong of London,
    M.D._) _b._ Bishopwearmouth 22 Aug. 1813; ed. at Charterhouse
    1827; Crewe exhibitioner at Linc. coll. Oxf. 1832; B.A. 1836; M.A.
    1850; C. of Clifton 1838–41; priest vicar of Exeter cathedral
    1841; R. of St. Paul’s, Exeter 1843; V. of Tidenham, Gloucs. 1845;
    originated female penitentiary which was opened at Clewer 1849;
    founded _National Miscellany_ a monthly religious periodical 1853,
    it was united with the _Illustrated London magazine_ 1855; bishop
    of Grahamstown, South Africa 25 October 1853; consecrated in St.
    Mary’s, Lambeth 30 Nov. 1853; suffragan to bishop of Cape Town 6
    Dec. 1853; arrived at Grahamstown 26 Oct. 1854; author of _Sermons
    on the festivals_ 1845; _Parochial sermons_ 1854; wrote many and
    edited all the _Tracts for the Christian seasons_, 2 _series_
    1848–50. (_m._ 22 Feb. 1843 Frances eld. dau. of Edward Whitmore).
    _d._ Grahamstown 16 May 1856. _A memoir of John Armstrong, D.D. by
    Rev. T. T. Carter_ 1857, _portrait_; _G. M. i_, 376–82 (1856);
    _Guardian 20 Dec. 1882 p._ 1809.

  ARMSTRONG, VERY REV. JOHN (_brother of Sir Andrew Armstrong_). _b._
    June 1791; archdeacon of Clonfert 24 June 1845; dean of Kilfenora
    Jany. 1847 to death. _d._ 16 June 1856.

  ARMSTRONG, JOHN. Provisional ensign Cape mounted rifles 19 March
    1835; formed and commanded a corps of irregular horse known as
    “Armstrong’s Horse” during Kaffir war 1852–53; C.B. 13 March 1867,
    M.G. 6 July 1867. _d._ Stoulgrove house, near Chepstow 28 June
    1874 aged 55.

  ARMSTRONG, JOHN WARNEFORD. _b._ King’s county 28 Aug. 1770; captain
    King’s county militia 19 Jany. 1798; betrayed Henry and John
    Sheares barristers of Dublin to the Government 1798; they were
    hung for high treason 14 July 1798; received pension of £500 per
    annum 1798 to death. _d._ 1858. _Howell’s State trials xxvii_,
    255–398 (1820).

  ARMSTRONG, JOSEPH. _b._ Bewcastle Cumberland 21 Sep. 1816; engine
    driver on Liverpool and Manchester railway 1836–40; superintendent
    of locomotive carriage and wagon departments of Great Western
    Railway June 1864 to death; M.I.M.E. 1857, M.I.C.E. 1877. _d._
    Matlock Bath 5 June 1877. _Minutes of proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    xlix_, 255–58 (1877).

  ARMSTRONG, REV. NICHOLAS. Rector of St. James’s, Dublin; an agent of
    the Reformation society 1831; the most powerful of Irish
    declaimers; an Irvingite apostle 18 Jany. 1834; apostle to Ireland
    and Greece 1838; author of _Two letters to a friend in answer to
    the inquiry What is the use of the gifts of the spirit_ 1832;
    _Sermons preached in the Catholic Apostolic church Gordon Square_
    1857; _Homilies on the Epistles and Gospels_ 1870; _Sermons on
    various subjects_, 1870–79. _d._ Albury heath, Surrey 9 Oct. 1879
    in 78 year. _Rev. Edward Miller’s History and doctrines of
    Irvingism_, _vol. i_; _R. S. Brooke’s Recollections of the Irish
    church_ (1877) 25–27.

  ARMSTRONG, SIR RICHARD (_only son of lieut. col. Richard Armstrong
    of Lincoln_.) _b._ 1782; ensign 24 foot 23 June 1796; served in
    Peninsula 1808–14; lieut. col. 1 foot 18 Oct. 1821, and of 26 foot
    24 Jany 1829 to 13 Feb. 1835 when placed on h.p.; colonel 95 foot
    29 March 1848 and of 32 foot 25 June 1850 to death; commander in
    chief at Madras 29 Sep. 1851 to 27 Oct. 1853; L.G. 11 Nov. 1851;
    C.B. 4 June 1815, K.C.B. 7 April 1852, K.T.S.; Knighted by Wm. IV.
    at St. James’s palace 28 Sept. 1831. _d._ on board the ship Barham
    on his voyage home from Madras 3 March 1854.

  ARMSTRONG, RICHARD (_eld. son of Wm. Armstrong, of Roxborough, co.
    Armagh, engineer_.) _b._ Armagh 1815; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin;
    called to Irish bar 1839, went Leinster circuit; Q.C. 28 Jany.
    1854, bencher of King’s Inns 1861; third sergeant at law 1861–65,
    second 1865, and first 1866 to death; M.P. for Sligo 1865–68.
    (_m._ 1847 Elizabeth dau. of Edward Meurant.) _d._ 32 Stephen’s
    Green, Dublin 26 Aug. 1880. _Irish law times xiv_, 452 (1880.)

  ARMSTRONG, ROBERT ARCHIBALD (_eld. son of Robert Archibald of
    Kenmore, Perthshire_). _b._ Kenmore 1788; ed at Univs. of Edin.
    and St. Andrews; Gaelic lexicographer in ordinary to George iv
    1826; head master of South Lambeth gr. sch. 1830–52; author of _A
    Gaelic dictionary_ 1825, which was the first ever published; wrote
    many scientific papers in the _Arcana of science and art_ 1837 _et
    seq._ _d._ Choumert road, Peckham Rye 25 May 1867.

  ARMSTRONG, ROBERT BAYNES (_eld. son of John Armstrong of Lancaster,
    merchant_). _b._ Lancaster 1785; ed. at Clitheroe and Sedbergh
    schools and St. John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1807, M.A. 1810, fellow of
    his college; barrister I.T. 23 June 1814, bencher 1840, reader
    1851; treasurer 1852; Q.C. 1840; recorder of Hull 1836–37, of
    Leeds 1837–39 and of Manchester and Bolton May 1848 to May 1865;
    M.P for Lancaster 1848–53. (_m._ Dec. 1842 Frances youngest dau.
    of Richmond Blamire of Thackwood, Cumberland, she _d._ 19 March
    1862). _d._ 29 Chester sq. Pimlico, London 15 Jany. 1869.

  ARMSTRONG, THOMAS WILLIAM DE BUTTS. _b._ 1826; resident engineer on
    several important works in Mayo 1848–53; one of the first
    engineers sent to India in government service 1855; chief engineer
    of Central Provinces 1869 to death; M.I.C.E. 10 April 1866. _d._
    on board P. and O. steamer Travancore off the Malabar coast 1 May
    1877. _Minutes of proc. of Instit. of C.E. li_, 261–65 (1878).

  ARMSTRONG, WILLIAM. Called to Irish bar 1819; Q.C. 17 Aug. 1841;
    chairman of quarter sessions co. Londonderry. _d._ 1866.

  ARNEY, SIR GEORGE ALFRED (_6 son of Wm. Arney of The Close,
    Salisbury_). _b._ Salisbury 3 Jany. 1806; ed. at Winchester and
    Brasn. coll. Ox., B.A. 1832; barrister L.I. 5 May 1837; recorder
    of Winchester Dec. 1856–1857; chief justice of New Zealand
    1858–75; knighted by patent 18 July 1862. (_m._ 13 June 1833
    Harriet dau. of Thomas Parr, captain R.N., she _d._ 18 April
    1844). _d._ 17 Devonshire place, Portland place, London 7 April

  ARNOLD, REV. CHARLES THOMAS. _b._ 26 Oct. 1817; ed. at Rugby and
    Magd. hall, Ox., B.A. 1840, M.A. 1843; Assistant master at Rugby
    1841–78. _d._ Rome 13 May 1878.

  ARNOLD, REV. EDWARD PENROSE (_3 son of Rev. Thomas Arnold 1795–1842,
    head master of Rugby_). _b._ 28 Oct. 1826; ed. at Rugby and Ball.
    coll. Ox., B.A. 1848, M.A. 1851; Fellow of All Soul’s coll. Ox.
    1852; assistant inspector of schools 15 April 1854; inspector
    1866–77. _d._ Fox How, Ambleside 6 April 1878.

  ARNOLD, JAMES ROBERTSON (_2 son of general Benedict Arnold
    1741–1801_). _b._ New York 28 Aug. 1781; 2 Lieut. R.E. 29 Aug.
    1798; served in the wars against France 1800–15; aide de camp to
    the Sovereign 1830–41; col. R.E. 1837–41; L.G. 11 Nov. 1851; K.H.
    1831; K.C. (_m._ 21 March 1807 Virginia 4 dau. of Bartlett
    Goodrich of Saling Grove, Isle of Wight). _d._ Onslow sq. London
    27 Dec. 1854. _I. N. Arnold’s Life of Benedict Arnold_ (1880)

  ARNOLD, REV. JOHN MÜEHLEISEN. _b._ Zell, Würtemberg 1817; C.M.S.
    missionary in Abyssinia and India; Chap. to Bishop of Gibraltar;
    Chap. to St. Mary’s hospital, Paddington 1852–61; founded Moslem
    mission society in England 1859, hon. sec. 1860–65; C. of East
    Ham, Essex 1861–65; Consular Chap. at Batavia 28 Oct. 1865,
    resigned 6 Aug. 1870 but continued his services till 30 June 1871;
    R. of St. Mary’s, Papendorf, Capetown, March 1876. _d._ Papendorf
    9 Dec. 1881. _Guardian 29 March 1882 p._ 448, _vol._ 3.

  ARNOLD, SAMUEL JAMES (_only son of Samuel Arnold 1740–1802, organist
    and composer to George 3_). _b._ 1774; exhibited portraits at the
    R.A. 1800–1806; brought out a musical play called Auld Robin Gray
    at Haymarket theatre 1794; exhibited a panorama in Spring gardens;
    member of “Sublime society of beefsteaks” 15 April 1809; opened
    Lyceum theatre as an English opera house 26 June 1809; built new
    theatre on same site and opened it as the English opera house 15
    June 1816, it was burnt down 16 Feb. 1830, he rebuilt it and
    opened it 14 July 1834; manager of Drury Lane theatre 1812–15;
    author of _The Creole or haunted island 3 vols._ 1796; _The
    shipwreck, a comic opera in 2 acts_ 1796; _Man and wife, comedy in
    5 acts_ 1809, _8 ed._ 1809. (_m._ 18 May 1802 Matilda Catherine
    younger dau. of Henry James Pye, poet laureate). _d._ Walton upon
    Thames 16 Aug. 1852 in 78 year. _G.M. xxxviii_, 538 (1852).

  ARNOLD, THOMAS JAMES (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ Downing st.
    Westminster 1803; ed. at St. Paul’s school and univ. of Gottingen;
    barrister L.I. 24 Nov. 1829; commissioner of bankruptcy at
    Liverpool; stipendiary magistrate at Worship st. police court 27
    Jany. 1847 and at Westminster police court Aug. 1851 to death;
    member of Numismatic Society 1862; F.S.A. 1869; author of _A
    treatise on the law relating to municipal corporations_ 1852, _3
    ed._ 1883; _Anacreon in English_ 1869; _Faust, a tragedy
    translated in the original metres_ 1877. _d._ 1 Greville place,
    Kilburn priory 20 May 1877. _Numismatic Chronicle xvii_, 13–15

  ARNOLD, REV. THOMAS KERCHEVER (_eld. son of Thomas George Arnold of
    Stamford, M.D._) _b._ 1800; ed. at Trin. coll. Camb.; B.A. 1821;
    M.A. 1824; fellow of his college; R. of Lyndon, Rutland 1830 to
    death; projected and edited _Churchman’s Quarterly magazine_ 1837,
    _Churchman’s Monthly Companion_ 1844 and _Theological Critic_
    1851; author of _Henry’s first Latin book_ 1839, _26 ed._ 1883;
    _The first Greek book_ 1849, _new ed._ 1883; _The first Hebrew
    book_ 1851, _7 ed._ 1883; _Anticleptic gradus ad Parnassum_ 1852
    and many other educational books. _d._ Lyndon rectory 9 March
    1853. _Fraser’s Mag. xlvii_, 173–83 (1853); _G.M. xxxix_, 667

  ARNOLD, WILLIAM DELAFIELD (_2 son of Rev. Thomas Arnold, D.D.
    1795–1842, head master of Rugby_). _b._ Laleham 7 April 1828; ed.
    at Rugby; student of Ch. Ch. Ox. 1847; ensign 58 Bengal N.I. 2
    Dec. 1848; principal director of public education in the Punjab
    1857 to death, where his name is perpetuated by an annual
    distribution of medals, bearing his likeness, to the best pupils
    in schools which he founded; author of a novel entitled _Oakfield
    or fellowship in the East, by Punjabee_, 2 vols. 1853; translated
    _Wiese’s Letters on English education_ 1854. _d._ Gibraltar 9
    April 1859. _Prospective Review x_, 274–303 (1854).

  ARNOLD, WILLIAM MUNNINGS (_2 son of Rev. Richard Arnold._) _b._
    Ellough, Suffolk 1820; arrived in New South Wales 1839; settled
    near Maitland on the Paterson river; member of legislative
    assembly 1856; chairman of committees 1858; minister for public
    works 1860–63; speaker of the assembly 3 Oct. 1865 to death;
    drowned in the floods at Stradbroke, his estate on the Paterson
    river 2 March 1875.

  ARNOT, REV. WILLIAM (_7 and youngest child of Robert Arnot of Scone,
    farmer._) _b._ New Mains farm near Scone 6 Nov. 1808; matric. at
    Univ. of Glasgow 10 Oct. 1829; licensed as a preacher by
    presbytery of Glasgow 4 Oct. 1837; minister of Free Saint Peter’s
    Church, Glasgow 1 Jany. 1839 to 6 Oct. 1864; ejected from his
    church by a decision of the Court of Session Feb. 1849; opened a
    new church in Main st. Glasgow 26 May 1850; minister of Free high
    church Edinburgh 11 Oct. 1864 to death; author of _Illustrations
    of the Book of Proverbs_, _2 series_ 1856; _Roots and fruits of
    Christian life_ 1860. _2 ed._, 1864; _This present world_ 1873.
    _d._ Edinburgh 3 June 1875; _Autobiography of Rev. W. Arnot_ 1877,

  ARNOT, WILLIAM. _b._ Falkirk; a chemist; employed purifying the
    river North Esk 1868; opened large chemical works at Kirkintilloch
    1873; delivered a course of 6 Cantor lectures on _The technology
    of the paper trade_ at the Society of Arts 1877. _d._ Bridge of
    Allan 9 Feb. 1881 aged 38.

  ARNOTT, ARCHIBALD. _b._ Kirkconnell hall, Ecclefechan, co. Dumfries
    1771; surgeon 20 foot 23 Aug. 1799 to 25 Dec. 1826, when placed on
    h.p.; medical attendant of Napoleon at St. Helena 1 April 1821 to
    5 May 1821, when he died at 5.49 p._m._ with his right hand in
    that of Dr. Arnott; author of _An account of the last illness
    decease and post mortem appearances of Napoleon Bonaparte_ 1822.
    _d._ Kirkconnell hall, 6 July 1855.

  ARNOTT, FRANCIS SHORT. _b._ 1805; surgeon Bombay army 5 June 1845;
    hon. surgeon to the Queen 1861 to death; C.B. 21 March 1859. _d._
    Kirkconnell hall 16 Oct. 1879.

  ARNOTT, GEORGE ARNOTT WALKER (_son of David Walker Arnott of Arlary
    near Kinross who d. 1822_). _b._ Edinburgh 6 Feb. 1799; ed. at the
    High school and Univ. of Edin., M.A. 1818, LLD. Aberdeen 1837;
    advocate 1821; visited France, Spain and Russia; F.R.S Edin. 1822,
    F.L.S. 1825; worked with William Hooker the botanist at Glasgow
    1830–40; member of Botanical society of Edin. 1836; professor of
    botany in Univ. of Glasgow 1845 to death; published descriptions
    of many new plants from Asia and America in various periodicals
    1830–40; author of the article _Botany_ in the _Encyclopedia
    Britannica_, _7 ed. vol. 5_. _d._ Glasgow 17 June 1868. _Trans.
    Botanic Society of Edin. ix_, 414–26 (1868).

  ARNOTT, NEIL. _b._ Arbroath, Angusshire 15 May 1788; surgeon in
    H.E.I. Co’s. naval service 1807–11; practised in London 1811–55
    when he retired; M.R.C.S. 1813; M.D. Aberdeen 15 Sep. 1814;
    L.R.C.P. 31 March 1817; invented his hydrostatic or water bed
    1832; and Arnott stove and the ventilator; one of senate of Univ.
    of London 1836; founded an exhibition there for experimental
    physics 1875; phys. extraordinary to Queen Victoria 8 Aug. 1837;
    F.R.S. 25 Jany. 1838, Rumford medallist 1854; F.G.S. 1847; founded
    scholarships of natural philosophy at the 4 Scottish universities
    1869; author of _Elements of physics_ 1827, _7 ed._ 1876; _A
    survey of human progress_ 1861. _d._ Cumberland terrace, London 2
    March 1874. _Proc. of Royal Society xxv_, 14–18 (1877); _Medical
    Circular i_, 92, 149 (1852), _portrait_; _Graphic ix_, 314, 328
    (1874), _portrait_.

  ARNTZ, ROBERT RICHARD. _b._ Erefeldt, Prussia 1815; taken to England
    1819; articled to W. Herbert of London, builder 1831; naturalised
    15 May 1848; surveyor to Westminster district board of works;
    A.I.C.E. 1856; F.S.A. 18 Dec. 1862. _d._ 17 Feb. 1882.

  ARRAN, PHILIP YORKE GORE, 6 Earl of. _b._ Dublin castle 23 Nov.
    1801; chargé d’Affaires at Buenos Ayres 17 Oct. 1832 to 18 Oct.
    1834; succeeded his uncle 20 Jany. 1837; K.P. 6 May 1841. _d._ 27
    Chesham st. London 25 June 1884.

  ARRINDELL, SIR WILLIAM. _b._ in one of the Virgin islands 1796; ed.
    in England; attorney general British Guiana 10 May 1845 to 1852;
    chief justice of Demerara 1852 to death; C.B. 30 Nov. 1858;
    knighted by patent 13 Dec. 1858. _d._ Demerara 27 Dec. 1862.

  ARROW, SIR FREDERICK (_2 son of Wm. Arrow, captain Indian Navy._)
    _b._ Calcutta 1818; ed. at Bath gr. sch.; in mercantile marine
    service June 1834 to Feb. 1859; an elder brother of Trinity House
    Feb. 1859, and deputy master June 1865 to death; knighted by
    patent 29 Aug. 1868; F.R.G.S. 1871; (_m._ 1850 Harriet 5 dau. of
    R. Stileman of the Friars, Winchelsea.) _d._ Pilgrims hall, South
    Weald, near Brentwood 17 July 1875; _I.L.N. lxvi_ 95, 100 (1875)

  ARROWSMITH, JOHN. _b._ Winston near Barnard Castle, Durham 23 April
    1790; joined his uncle Aaron Arrowsmith of Soho Square London,
    geographer 14 Feb. 1810; one of founders of Royal geographical
    society 1830, gold medallist 1862; produced _London atlas of
    universal geography_ 1834, _3 ed._ 1858; illustrated with maps
    _Leichhardt’s journal of an overland expedition in Australia_
    1847, and many other books; bought 10 Soho Square 1839, carried on
    business there down to 1861 when he retired; F.R.A.S. _d._ 35
    Hereford sq. Old Brompton 2 May 1873. _Journal of geographical
    society xliii_, 161–63 (1873.)

  ARTHINGTON, MARIA. Author of _The little scholar’s first grammar_
    1828; _Rhymes for Harry and his nursemaid_ 1851; _Poetry of
    bye-gone days and other selected pieces not published_ 1861. _d._
    5 Oct. 1863.

  ARTHUR, SIR FREDERICK LEOPOLD, 2 Baronet. _b._ West Indies 20 Dec.
    1816; captain 4 foot 8 June 1838 to 13 Dec. 1850, when placed on
    h.p.; retired from the army 1863; succeeded 19 Sep. 1854. _d._
    United Service club Pall Mall London 1 June 1878.

  ARTHUR, SIR GEORGE, 1 Baronet (_3 and youngest son of John Arthur of
    Plymouth 1733–88._) _b._ 21 June 1784; governor of Honduras
    1814–1822; lieut. col. 7 West India foot 1 June 1815; lieut. col.
    5 West India foot 29 Aug. 1816, and lieut. col. York Chasseurs 8
    May 1817 to 25 Oct. 1819, when placed on h.p.; governor of Van
    Diemen’s Land 14 May 1824 to 30 Oct 1836; lieut. governor of Upper
    Canada 23 March 1838 to April 1841; suppressed the rebellion Nov.
    1838; governor of Bombay 27 April 1841 to 6 Aug. 1846; M.G. 9 Nov.
    1846; col. 50 foot 28 Feb. 1853 to death; K.C.H. 1837; knighted by
    the Queen at St. James’s palace 19 July 1837; created baronet 5
    June 1841; P.C. 17 June 1847; hon. D.C.L. Ox. 5 July 1848. _d._
    Gloucester square, Hyde Park, London 19 Sep. 1854. _J. Mac
    Mullen’s History of Canada_ _2 ed._ 1868, _pp._ 461–94.

  ARTHUR, REV. JOHN. _b._ Houston, Renfrewshire 1794; ed. at Univ. of
    Glasgow; Congregational minister at Helensburgh 1824 to 1866, this
    district was the scene of several movements that attracted much
    attention, such as “The Speaking with Tongues,” “Miraculous
    healing,” and the “Row Heresy case.” _d._ 17 May 1884.

  ARTHUR, RICHARD. _b._ 10 Jany. 1779; captain R.N. 11 Jany. 1810;
    superintendent of Sheerness dockyard 23 Sep. 1844 to 9 Nov. 1846;
    V.A. 17 Sep. 1853; C.B. 28 July 1838. _d._ Plymouth 26 Oct. 1854.

  ARTLETT, RICHARD AUSTIN. _b._ 9 Nov. 1807; pupil of Robert Cooper
    and James Thomson; engraved in the dotted manner a few figure
    subjects and several portraits; distinguished as an engraver of
    sculpture, his plates of which in the _Art Journal_ are executed
    with great taste and delicacy. _d._ 1 Sep. 1873.

  ARTOIS, THE FLYING WONDER, stage name of John Lilley. _b._ Liverpool
    12 July 1848; a performer on the flying trapeze 1866 to death;
    held a foremost rank in his profession; fell from his trapeze at
    the Star music hall Dublin 21 March 1882 and fractured his skull.
    _d._ Mercer’s hospital Dublin 21 March 1882. _bur._ Mount Jerome
    cemetery 24 March.

  ARTOM, REV. BENJAMIN. _b._ Asti near Pimont, Genoa 1835; minister of
    Jewish synagogues at Saluzzo, Genoa and Naples; Haham of Spanish
    and Portugese congregation of London 9 Aug. 1866 to death;
    inducted 16 Dec. 1866. (_m._ 10 Feb. 1875 Henrietta Hahaba widow
    of Solomon David of Bombay). _d._ 3 Marine parade Brighton 6 Jany.
    1879. _Jewish Chronicle 10 Jany. 1879_ 9–12; _Graphic xix_, 52
    (1879), _portrait_.

  ARUNDALE, FRANCIS. _b._ London 9 Aug. 1807; articled to A. Pugin the
    elder; spent nine years in the East 1831–40; author of _Edifices
    of Palladio_ 1832; _Illustrations of Jerusalem and Mount Sinai_
    1837. _d._ Brighton 9 Sep. 1853.

  ARUNDELL, HENRY BENEDICT, 11 Baron Arundell of Wardour. _b._ Irnham
    hall, co. Lincoln 12 Nov. 1804; the only R.C. peer who voted
    against the Reform bill 1832; succeeded 21 June 1834; a count of
    the Holy Roman Empire. _d._ Wardour castle. Wilts 19 Oct. 1862.

  ARUNDELL, REV. THOMAS, formerly called Thomas Arundell Tagg. Ed. at
    Merchant Taylor’s, St. Bees and St. John’s coll. Cam., B.D. 1868;
    C. of Ch. Ch. Blackfriars 1853–54; C. of All Saint’s Gordon square
    and Reader of Ch. Ch. Newgate st. Lond. 1854–56; P.C. of St. Peter
    Hammersmith 1856–60; V. of Hayton with Bielby, Yorks 1860; V. of
    St. John’s, Whetstone, Finchley Feb. 1876; author of _Historical
    reminiscences of the City of London_ 1869; and of sermons and
    articles in periodicals. _d._ the vicarage Whetstone 5 Nov. 1880
    in his 64 year.

  ASBURY, JACOB VALE (_son of Mr. Asbury of Stone, Staffs._) Surgeon
    at Enfield 1820 to death; invented a surgical instrument for
    puncture of the tympanum; took out patents for railway buffers
    1853 and 1855. (_m._ 1820 Dorothy 3 dau. of Charles Jacomb of
    Guildford st. Russell square). _d._ Enfield 21 June 1871 in his 80
    year. _Medical times and gazette ii_, 87 (1871).

      NOTE.—Charles Lamb his friend and patient bore witness to his
      successful treatment of cholera in a witty acrostic on his

  ASCHER, JOSEPH. _b._ London 1831; pupil of Ignaz Moscheles; court
    pianist to Empress Eugénie in Paris; composed above 100 mazurkas,
    gallops, nocturnes, études, and transcriptions. _d._ London 3 June

  ASH, EDWARD. A minister of Society of Friends; M.D.; lived at
    Bristol; author of _An inquiry into some parts of Christian
    doctrine and practice_ 1841; _Four lectures on the Apocalypse_
    1848; _Explanatory notes and comments on the New Testament_, _3
    vols._ 1849–50. _d._ Cotham, Bristol 23 Dec. 1873 aged 76.

  ASHBROOK, HENRY FLOWER, 5 Viscount. _b._ 17 June 1806; succeeded his
    father 4 May 1847. _d._ Castle Durrow, co. Kilkenny 3 Aug. 1871.

  ASHBROOK, HENRY JEFFERY FLOWER, 6 Viscount. _b._ 26 March 1829; ed.
    at Eton; sheriff of Queen’s county 1856; succeeded 3 Aug. 1871.
    _d._ Castle Durrow 14 Dec. 1882.

  ASHBURNER, JOHN (_son of Mr. Ashburner of Bombay 1769–98, member of
    supreme council_). _b._ Bombay 10 Jany. 1793; ed. at Dublin,
    Glasgow and Edin.; M.D. Edin. 1 Aug. 1816; physician in London
    1816; L.R.C.P. 1818; physician to Small pox hospital 1818–24, when
    he went to India; lecturer on Midwifery at St. Thomas’s hospital;
    a great believer in Mesmerism; author of _Dentition_ 1834; _Notes
    and studies on the philosophy of animal magnetism and
    spiritualism_ 1867. _d._ 59 Cambridge place, London 13 Nov. 1878.
    _Munk’s Roll iii_, 181 (1878); _Medical Circular i_, 93 (1852).

  ASHBURNHAM, BERTRAM ASHBURNHAM, 4 Earl of (_eld. son of George
    Ashburnham, 3 Earl of Ashburnham 1760–1830_). _b._ 23 Nov. 1797;
    succeeded his father 27 Oct. 1830; sold his pictures at Christie’s
    20 July 1850. _d._ Ashburnham place near Battle 22 June 1878.

      NOTE.—He was the collector of an extensive library of early
      and rare books and of a vast assemblage of MSS. which
      comprised 4 divisions, the Libri collection, the Barrois
      collection, the Stowe collection and a portion known as The
      Appendix comprising his miscellaneous collections. In July
      1883 the Government purchased the Stowe collection for
      £45,000; and in May 1884 the Italian Government bought for the
      Laurenzian library at Florence the larger portion of the Libri
      collection and the Dante MSS. from the Appendix for the sum of
      £23,000. A very full account of the contents of the whole of
      the Ashburnham MSS. will be found in the 8th Report of the
      Historical Manuscript Commission (1881) Appendix part 3 pp.

  ASHBURNHAM, REV. SIR JOHN, 7 Baronet. _b._ Scotland Yard Westminster
    26 Dec. 1770; ed. at Clare hall Cam.; B.D. 1815; R. of Guestling,
    Sussex 1795 to death; Preb. of Chichester 2 May 1796 to death;
    Chancellor of Chichester 4 May 1796 to death; V. of Pevensey,
    Sussex 1816 to death; succeeded his brother the 6 Bart. 22 March
    1843. _d._ Guestling rectory 1 Sep. 1854.

  ASHBURNHAM, THOMAS (_4 son of George Ashburnham, 3 Earl of
    Ashburnham 1760–1830._) ensign Coldstream guards 30 Jany. 1823;
    lieut. col. 62 foot 7 Jan. 1842 to 21 Sep. 1847; commanded a
    brigade in Sutlej campaign 1845–46; aide de camp to the Queen 3
    April 1846 to 20 June 1854; lieut. col. 29 foot 22 Nov. 1849 to 20
    June 1854; col. 82 foot 13 Dec. 1859 to death; general 19 April
    1868; C.B. 3 April 1846. _d._ 104 Park st. Grosvenor sq., London 3
    March 1872.

  ASHBURTON, WILLIAM BINGHAM BARING, 2 Baron. (_eld. son of Alexander
    Baring, 1 Baron Ashburton 1774–1848._) _b._ June 1799; ed. at
    Oriel coll. Ox.; B.A. 1821, M.A. 1836, hon. D.C.L. 1856; M.P. for
    Thetford 1826–30, for Callington 1830–31, for Winchester 1832–37,
    for North Staffs. 1837–41, and again for Thetford 1841–48; sec. of
    board of control 8 Sep. 1841 to 17 Feb. 1845; paymaster general of
    the forces and treasurer of the navy 25 Feb. 1845 to 12 July 1846;
    P.C. 30 June 1845; succeeded his father 13 May 1848; F.R.S. 27
    April 1854; Commander of Legion of Honour 1855; pres. of
    geographical society 1860–62, vice pres. 1862 to death. _d._ the
    Grange, Alresford Hants 23 March 1864. _Monographs by Lord
    Houghton_ (1873) 225–55; _Waagen’s Treasures of art in Great
    Britain ii_, 97–112 (1854).

  ASHBURTON, FRANCIS BARING, 3 Baron. _b._ 20 May 1800; M.P. for
    Thetford 1832–41 and 1848–57; succeeded 23 March 1864. _d._
    Hazlewood near Watford 6 Sep. 1868.

  ASHBURY, JOHN. _b._ 31 Jany. 1806; a wheelwright at Manchester;
    began the large works at Openshaw near Manchester for building
    railway carriages and wagons 1847; constructed a railway wagon in
    13 hours for the great exhibition of 1862; sold his works to a
    limited liability company 1862. _d._ 9 Sussex place, Hyde Park,
    London 2 Sep. 1866. Personalty sworn under £400,000 27 Oct. 1866.

  ASHBY, REV. JOHN EYRE. _b._ 22 Jany. 1820; ed. at Univ. coll. school
    London, B.A. London 1840; a congregational minister in Arundel,
    Brighton and London; lectured on the higher mathematics in same
    places; kept a school at Enfield 1856 to death; F.R.A.S. 1843,
    LLD. Jena 1858. _d._ 22 Dec. 1863.

  ASHER, ADOLPHUS. _b._ Stettin 3 Sep. 1801; spent 5 years in England
    1820–25; diamond merchant at St. Petersburgh; bookseller in Russia
    1827–30, at Berlin 1830 to death; introduced the English annuals
    into Germany and Russia; foreign bookseller to British museum 1841
    to death; published _Travels of Benjamin of Tudela, Berlin_ 1840.
    _d._ Venice 2 Oct. 1853.

  ASHLEY, ANTHONY JOHN (_4 son of Cropley Ashley, 6 Earl of
    Shaftesbury_). _b._ 24 Grosvenor square, London 21 Dec. 1808; ed.
    at Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1829; barrister I.T. 10 June 1836; Q.C. 9
    Jany. 1866. (_m._ 17 March 1840 Julia eld. dau. of Henry John
    Conyers of Copt hall, Essex). _d._ Upper Brook st. London 1 Jany.

  ASHLEY, ANTHONY WILLIAM (_brother of preceding_). _b._ 24 Grosvenor
    square 4 Oct. 1803; attaché to embassy at Vienna 31 March 1830;
    treasurer and vice chamberlain to Queen Adelaide 28 Oct. 1834 to
    her death 2 Dec. 1849; master governor and keeper of royal
    hospital of St. Katherine in the Regents’ Park, London 23 May 1859
    to death. (_m._ 8 March 1831 Maria Anne eld. dau. of Col. Hugh
    Duncan Baillie, M.P. of Tarradaile). _d._ Mentone 18 April 1877.

  ASHLEY, HENRY. _b._ 1790; an attorney in London 1816 to death; one
    of the 4 privileged attorneys of Lord Mayor’s court to 1853 when
    he received compensation on abolition of the privilege; erected
    independent chapel afterwards called Maberly chapel in Ball’s Pond
    road, Islington 1826; author of _Doctrine and practice of
    attachment in Mayor’s court_ 1818. _d._ Greenhithe, Kent 20 May

  ASHMORE, CHARLES. Lieut. col. 36 foot 22 May 1845 to 15 May 1857
    when placed on h. p.; col. 30 foot 6 Jany. 1867 to death; general
    19 Oct. 1875. _d._ 10 Granville place, Portman sq. 2 March 1881 in
    88 year.

  ASHPITEL, ARTHUR (_eld. son of the succeeding_). _b._ Hackney 15
    Dec. 1807; ed. at Homerton; commenced practice as an architect in
    Crown Court Old Broad st. 1842; built church of St. Barnabas at
    Homerton 1845; partner with John Whichcord 1850; elected F.S.A. 7
    Jan. 1847; F.R.I.B.A. 1841, Vice Pres. 1862; published with John
    Whichcord “_Observations on baths and wash-houses with an account
    of their history_” 1855; _Town dwellings an essay on the erection
    of fire proof houses in flats_ 1855. _d._ 2 Poet’s Corner,
    Westminster Abbey 18 Jany. 1869. _Reg. and Mag. of Biog. i_,
    212–15 (1869); _Proc. of Soc. of Antiq. 2 series iv_, 299–301.

  ASHPITEL, WILLIAM HURST. _b._ 1776; pupil of Daniel Asher Alexander
    the architect of prisons at Dartmoor and Maidstone; assisted him
    in designs for the London docks; a pupil of John Rennie; largely
    concerned in Kenneth and Avon canal; partner with James Savage;
    J.P. for Middlesex; designed the first new church and extensive
    schools at South Hackney and many other buildings, besides several
    large engineering works. _d._ Clapton sq. London 23 April 1852 in
    76 year.

  ASHTON, HENRY. _b._ London 1801; employed by Sir Jeffrey Wyattville
    to 1840; erected stables at Windsor and kennels at Frogmore;
    erected summer palace at the Hague for king of Holland; architect
    for Victoria st. improvements in London, and designed Victoria st.
    opened 6 Aug. 1851. _d._ 18 March 1872.

  ASHTOWN, FREDERICK MASON TRENCH, 2 Baron. _b._ 25 Dec. 1804;
    succeeded 1 May 1840; his claim to the peerage was allowed 12 July
    1855. _d._ Clonodfoy, co. Limerick 12 Sep. 1880. Personalty sworn
    under £350,000 April 1881.

  ASHURST, WILLIAM (_son of the succeeding_). _b._ 1819; admitted
    solicitor Jany. 1843; partner with his father; partner with John
    Morris about 1855–62; solicitor to the Post Office 1862 to death;
    a great friend of Garibaldi and Mazzini. _d._ 7 Prince of Wales’s
    Terrace, Kensington, London 14 July 1879 in 60 year.

  ASHURST, WILLIAM HENRY. _b._ London 11 Feb. 1792; a solicitor in
    London; belonged to a small sect called ‘Freethinking Christians’;
    member of common council of city of London; undersheriff; a
    founder of the society of the ‘Friends of Italy,’ 1851 and of the
    ‘Peoples International League,’ 1852; took an active part in
    agitation against church rates; author of _The Corporation
    Register_ 1832, which advocated reforms in the city. _d._
    Wimbledon Park, Surrey 13 Oct. 1855.

  ASHWELL, REV. ARTHUR RAWSON. _b._ Cheyne Walk Chelsea 9 Dec. 1824;
    ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.; scholar of Caius coll. 1846; 15 Wr. 1847,
    B.A. 1847, M.A. 1850; C. of Speldhurst Kent 1848–49; C. of St.
    Mary the less, Cam. 1849–50; vice principal of St. Mark’s college
    Chelsea Jany. 1851 to Nov. 1852; principal of Oxford diocesan
    training college at Culham Nov. 1852 to 1862; minister of Holy
    Trinity church Hanover square London 1862–64; principal of Durham
    training college 1865–70; canon res. of Chichester and principal
    of Chichester theological college 1870; R. of St. Andrew’s
    Chichester 1871–75; R. of St. Martin’s Chichester 1872–75;
    chancellor of Chichester cath. 1879 to death, installed 19 June
    1879; edited the _Literary Churchman_ 1864–76 and Sep. 1879 to
    death, and the _Church quarterly review_ 1876. (_m._ 20 April 1854
    Elizabeth eld. dau. of J. F. Fixsen of Blackheath.) _d._
    Chichester 23 Oct. 1879. _Literary Churchman xxv_, 443–45, 501

  ASHWELL, JAMES. _b._ Nottingham 1799. One of the six founders of the
    society afterwards known as the Institution of Civil engineers 2
    Jany. 1818, it obtained a royal charter 3 June 1828; a fellow
    commoner at Jesus coll. Cam.; managing director and engineer in
    chief of the Great Luxembourg railway company 1847–52. _d._
    Mildmay lodge, Weston-super-Mare 2 July 1881. _Minutes of proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. lxvi_, 372–75 (1881.)

  ASHWELL, SAMUEL. _b._ Nottingham 1798; studied at Guy’s Hospital,
    London 1817–20; general practitioner in Lime st. square 1821–30;
    obstetric asst. to Guy’s Hosp. 1820; obstetric physician and
    lecturer May 1834 to 1846; M.R.C.P. 1835; removed to the West end
    1840; author of _Practical treatise on parturition_ 1828; _A
    practical treatise on the diseases peculiar to women_ 1848. _d._
    30 Brook st. Grosvenor sq. 21 Dec. 1857. _Medical Circular i_,
    109–111 (1852), _portrait_.

  ASHWORTH, EDMUND. _b._ Birtwhistle near Bolton; partner with his
    brother Henry as spinners at Egerton Mill near Bolton; member of
    Anti-Corn-Law League 1839; member of Manchester chamber of
    commerce, a director 1868–78, pres. 1874–77; said to be original
    of Mr. Millbank in ‘_Coningsby_’; a magistrate for Bolton April
    1847 to death; one of founders of Cotton supply association 1857;
    the first pres. of Bolton British school union. _d._ Southport 21
    March 1881 in 81 year. _Manchester Guardian 22 March 1881 p._ 5,
    _col._ 4, and _26 March p._ 11, _col._ 4.

  ASHWORTH, SIR FREDERICK (_2 son of Robert Ashworth of Dublin_). _b._
    Dublin 1783; ensign 58 foot 6 July 1799; major 22 Nov. 1810 to 20
    Feb. 1817 when placed on h.p.; knighted by lord lieut. 1850;
    lieut. general 20 June 1854; colonel of 44 foot 8 Feb. 1855 to
    death. (_m._ 29 Oct. 1833 Harriet eld. dau. of Sir Bellingham
    Reginald Graham, 7 Bart., she was _b._ 1815 and _m._ (2) 26 Feb.
    1862 George Hamilton Chichester, 3 Marquess of Donegal). _d._ 5
    St. George’s place, Hyde park corner, London 1 Aug. 1858.

  ASHWORTH, HENRY. _b._ Birtwhistle near Bolton 4 Sep. 1794; ed. at
    Ackworth school; partner with his brother Edmund; a founder of
    “Anti-Corn Law Association” 10 Jany. 1839, afterwards called “The
    National Anti-Corn-Law League”; great friend of Bright and Cobden,
    the three were known as the A, B, C of the League, the final
    meeting of which was held in Manchester town hall 2 July 1846;
    author of _Statistical illustrations of Lancashire_ 1842; _A tour
    in the United States, Cuba and Canada_ 1861. _d._ Florence 17 May
    1880. _Recollections of Richard Cobden, by H. Ashworth, 2 ed._
    1878, _portrait_.

  ASHWORTH, JOHN. Preached his trial sermon 8 Oct. 1837; founded a
    chapel for the destitute in Baillie st. Rochdale 4 Oct. 1858;
    representative of United Methodist Free churches at the Conference
    of Evangelical Christians held in New York Oct. 1873; author of
    _Strange tales from humble life_, 5 series 1863–74, these 61 tales
    were also published singly, upwards of 3,000,000 copies have been
    circulated. _Simple Records, 2 series_ 1871–72. _d._ Broadfield,
    Rochdale 26 Jany. 1875. _Life and labours of John Ashworth, by A.
    L. Calman_ 1875, _portrait_.

  ASHWORTH, REV. JOHN HARVEY (_younger son of John Ashworth_). _b._
    Elland, Yorkshire 1795; ed. at Manchester gr. sch. and Univ. coll.
    Ox., scholar 1815, B.A. 1819, M.A. 1825; R. of Hethe, Oxon
    1820–21; C. of St. Mary’s, Rochdale 1821; bought old castle of
    Craggan, co. Clare which he restored; V. of St. Mary’s,
    Staveley-in-Cartmel 1874 to death; author of _Hurstwood, a tale 3
    vols._ 1823; _Scenes and thoughts from secluded life 2 vols._
    1827; _The Saxon in Ireland_ 1851; _The young curate or the
    quicksands of life [anon.]_ 1859, and _Rathlynn [anon.] 3 vols._
    1864. _d._ 4 Aug. 1882.

  ASKEW, RICHARD CRASTER (_5 son of John Askew of Pallinsburn,
    Northumberland who d. 28 Oct. 1794_). _b._ 5 Sep. 1778; barrister
    L.I. 13 June 1807; recorder of Newcastle upon Tyne 1833–34. _d._
    Pallinsburn 30 July 1851.

  ASKEY, JAMES ROBERT ROPER. Chief clerk of the divorce registry 1858
    to death. _d._ 14 Park village West, Gloucester gate, Regents’
    park, London 30 Jany. 1866.

  ASLETT, THOMPSON. 2 Lieut. R.M. 1 June 1796; col. commandant 9 Nov.
    1846 to 17 Aug. 1848 when he retired on full pay. _d._ 27 Aug.
    1851 aged 75.

  ASLETT, WILLIAM STRATTON. 2 Lieut. R.M. 26 July 1837; brigade major
    in Crimean war; col. commandant 13 Feb. 1867 to death; M.G. 6
    March 1868. _d._ Cury road, Gosport 28 July 1876.

  ASPINALL, BUTLER COLE (_son of Rev. James Aspinall, R. of Althorpe,
    Lincs._) _b._ Liverpool 7 Nov. 1830; ed. at Merchant Taylor’s;
    connected with _Morning Chronicle_; barrister M.T. 17 Nov. 1853;
    arrived in Victoria 1854; law reporter to the _Argus_ paper 1854;
    practised at Melbourne 1854; M.L.A. for Talbot 1856; M.L.A. for
    Portland to 1870; member of the Heales government 1861, of the
    Macpherson government 1869; defended the Eureka stockade rioters
    1855; defended H. J. O’Farrell who was tried 30–31 March 1868 for
    shooting Prince Alfred (Duke of Edinburgh) at Clontarf 12 March
    1868; became insane 1871. _d._ England 4 April 1875.

  ASPINALL, REV. JAMES (_son of J. B. Aspinall of Cleongar hall,
    Cheshire_). _b._ Liverpool; ed. at St. Mary hall Ox., B.A. 1820,
    M.A. 1823; C. of Rochdale 5 years; P.C. of St. Luke’s, Liverpool
    1830 where he preached 5 June 1831 a remarkable sermon called _The
    Crisis or the signs of the times with regard to the Church of
    England_; R. of Althorpe, Lincs. 2 June 1839 to death; author of
    _Roscoe’s library or old books and old times_ 1853; _Parish
    sermons 2 series_ 1854–59. _d._ Althorpe rectory 15 Feb. 1861 aged

  ASPLAND, ALFRED (_son of Rev. Robert Aspland 1782–1845, pastor of
    the Unitarians at Hackney 40 years_). _b._ 1815; ed. at King’s
    college, London; studied at Guy’s hospital; L.S.A. 1837, M.R.C.S.
    1838, F.R.C.S. 1859; practised at Dukinfield, Cheshire till about
    1870; editor of the Holbein Society publications; pres. of
    Manchester statistical society 1863–65; his large collection of
    books and drawings was sold at Sotheby’s Jany. 1885; author of
    _Crime in Manchester_ 1868; edited for Holbein Society _H.
    Burgmair’s Triumph of the Emperor Maximilian_ 1875; and _The
    golden legend_ 1878. _d._ St. Helen’s Field, Dukinfield 24 Oct.
    1880. _Book-lore March_ 1885 _p._ 119.

  ASPLAND, REV. ROBERT BROOK (_brother of the preceding_). _b._
    Newport, Isle of Wight 19 Jany. 1805; Unitarian pastor of Crook’s
    lane chapel, Chester Aug. 1826; co-pastor with Lant Carpenter of
    Lewin’s Mead chapel, Bristol 1833; kept a boarding school at
    Bristol 1833–36; pastor at Dukinfield 1 Jany. 1837 and at Hackney
    1858 to death; edited the _Christian Reformer_ Jany. 1845 to Dec.
    1863 when it ceased; one of secretaries of Manchester college
    1846–57, which was moved from Manchester to London 1853; secretary
    to British and Foreign Unitarian Association 1859 to death. (_m._
    21 Oct. 1833 Jane dau. of Robert Hibbert of Brookside Godley,
    Cheshire). _d._ Well st. Hackney 21 June 1869. _John Evans’s
    Lancashire authors_ (1850) 4–8; _The Inquirer 3 July 1869_ 427–28.

  ASPULL, WILLIAM. _b._ Nottingham 1798; tenor singer; composed many
    vocal pieces. _d._ 192 Clapham road, London 16 Jany. 1875.

  ASTLEY, SIR FRANCIS DUGDALE, 2 Baronet (_only son of Sir John
    Dugdale Astley, 1 Baronet 1778–1842_). _b._ 5 Nov. 1805; succeeded
    19 Jany. 1842. _d._ Eastleigh lodge, Warminster 23 July 1873.

  ASTLEY, REV. RICHARD. _b._ Chesterfield 12 March 1785; Unitarian
    minister at Rochdale 1810, at Halifax 1812–26, at Gloucester
    1826–31 and at Shrewsbury 1831–53; author of _A selection of 500
    hymns for public and private worship_. _d._ Stourbridge 19 March
    1855. _The Christian Reformer xi_, 265–73 (1855).

  ASTON, SIR ARTHUR INGRAM (_younger son of Henry Hervey Aston of
    Aston, Cheshire, who d. Madras 23 Dec. 1798 aged 37 from a wound
    received in a duel with major Allen_). _b._ London 23 Dec. 1798;
    ed. at Brasen. coll. Ox., created M.A. 18 June 1817; sec. of
    embassy at Paris 11 Jany. 1833; min. plenipo. there for short
    periods 9 times between 19 April 1833 and 14 Sep. 1838; envoy
    extraord. and min. plenipo. at Madrid 13 Feb. 1840 to 13 Nov.
    1843; G.C.B. 10 Nov. 1843; pensioned 8 March 1846; sheriff of
    Cheshire 1850. _d._ Aston hall, near Runcorn 5 May 1859.

  ASTON, JAMES JONES (_2 son of Benjamin Richard Aston of 71 Banner
    st. Finsbury, coal merchant_). _b._ 71 Banner st. 12 Dec. 1822;
    barrister M.T. 6 Nov. 1846; went Northern circuit; Q.C. for county
    palatine of Lancaster 1867; Q.C. 24 March 1880; author of
    _Chancery practice of the county palatine of Lancaster_ 1852.
    (_m._ 7 Sep. 1854 Sarah Margaret eld. dau. of Thomas Eccles of
    Walton-le-dale, Lancs.) _d._ 13 Pembroke gardens, Kensington 17
    Jany. 1885.

  ASTON, JOHN PARTINGTON (_son of John Aston of Manchester, liquor
    merchant_.) _b._ Manchester 9 Nov. 1805; ed. at Manchester gr.
    sch.; solicitor at Manchester 1829 to death; one of leading
    conveyancing and patent lawyers; solicitor and sec. of Owens
    college, Manchester; contributed prose and verse to periodicals;
    author with W. H. Ainsworth of _Sir John Chiverton_ 1826. _d._
    Higher Broughton, Manchester 11 May 1882. _Admission register of
    Manchester school iii_, 112 (1874).

  ATHERLEY, MARK KER (_2 son of Arthur Atherley M.P. for Southampton
    who d. 21 Oct. 1844 aged 74_). Ensign 15 foot 28 Aug. 1823; lieut.
    col. 92 foot 23 Nov. 1849 to 5 June 1863 when placed on h.p.;
    commanded a brigade in the Crimea 4 Nov. 1855 to 13 March 1856;
    brigadier general Malta 1863–68; col. of 109 foot 14 Feb. 1873, of
    93 foot 30 Jany. 1880 and of 92 foot 5 April 1880 to death;
    general 1 Oct. 1877. _d._ 11 March 1884 in 80 year.

  ATHERSTONE, EDWIN. _b._ Nottingham 17 April 1788; author of _The
    fall of Nineveh, a poem_, _2 vols._ 1828–68; _The Sea Kings in
    England, an historical romance_, _3 vols._ 1830; _The handwriting
    on the wall, a story 3 vols._ 1858; _Israel in Egypt_ 1861 a poem
    of nearly 20,000 lines; granted civil list pension of £75 Oct. 4
    1858 and another of £25 Jany. 16 1860. _d._ 19 Macaulay buildings,
    Bath 29 Jany. 1872.

  ATHERTON, CHARLES (_3 son of Nathan Atherton of Calne, Wilts
    attorney_). _b._ Calne 1805; ed. at Queen’s coll. Cam.; 33
    wrangler 1828, B.A. 1828; resident engineer of river Clyde
    1832–34; manager of business of Claud Girdwood and Co. of Glasgow,
    ironfounders 1834–37; chief engineer at Woolwich dockyard 6 April
    1847 to 31 Dec. 1848 and 8 Sep. 1851 to 26 July 1862; at Devonport
    dockyard 1 Jany. 1849 to 7 Sep. 1851; consulting engineer in
    London 1862–70; M.I.C.E. 19 Feb. 1828. _d._ Sandown, Isle of Wight
    24 May 1875. _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E. xlii_, 252–55

  ATHERTON, SIR WILLIAM (_only son of Rev. Wm. Atherton of Battle
    Bridge Middlesex, Wesleyan minister 1775–1850_). _b._ Glasgow
    October 1806; special pleader 1832–39; barrister I.T. 22 Nov.
    1839, bencher 1851; went northern circuit of which he became
    leader; Q.C. July 1851; Q.C. for duchy of Lancaster 1851–60; M.P.
    for Durham 9 July 1852 to death; judge advocate of the fleet and
    counsel to the Admiralty 1854 to 16 Dec. 1859; solicitor general
    16 Dec. 1859 and attorney general 4 July 1861 to Sep. 1863;
    knighted by the Queen at St. James’s palace 23 Feb. 1860. (_m._ 15
    April, 1843 Agnes Mary younger dau. of Thomas James Hall, chief
    magistrate at Bow st. London, she _d._ 26 March 1866). _d._ 13
    Westbourne terrace, Hyde Park 22 Jany. 1864.

    Harrow; paid attaché at Berlin 1829–32; M.P. for Drogheda 1837–52
    and for Canterbury 1854–65; under sec. of state for Home
    department 5 July 1846 to 22 July 1847; chief sec. for Ireland 22
    July 1847 to Feb. 1852; P.C. 22 July 1847; raised to peerage of
    Ireland as Baron Athlumney 14 Dec. 1863 and to peerage of United
    Kingdom as Baron Meredyth 3 May 1866. _d._ Dover 7 Dec. 1873.

    Cumberland place, London 20 Sep. 1814; took part in the Eglinton
    tournament 28–30 Aug. 1839; grand master mason of Scotland
    1843–63; succeeded his uncle as 6 Duke of Athole 14 Sep. 1846;
    K.T. 28 Oct. 1853; pres. of Highland and Agricultural Societies
    1858–62; kept Otter hounds at Dunkeld. _d._ Blair castle,
    Perthshire 16 Jany. 1864.

  ATKINS, EDWARD. _b._ 1818; played at T.R. Birmingham 1851–61; made
    his début in London at Drury Lane 28 Oct. 1861; played Jem Dalton
    in Tom Taylor’s drama _The Ticket of leave man_ at Olympic theatre
    27 May 1863 to 16 Sep. 1864 406 times, and more than 600 times
    afterwards in different theatres; played Autolycus in _A winter’s
    tale_ at Drury Lane 28 Sep. 1878. _d._ 5 Carlton road west,
    Peckham 8 April 1883. _Tallis’s Drawing room table book part_ 16,

  ATKINS, EDWIN. Manager with his brother John Atkins of Zoological
    gardens situated between Farnworth st. and Butler st. Liverpool
    which were established in 1832 by Thomas Atkins, keeper of a
    travelling menagerie, the gardens were eventually turned into a
    limited liability company, and in 1863 the place was dismantled
    and the land sold; started for interior of Africa 1852. _d._ on a
    small island of the White river, a branch of the Nile Jany. 1854.

  ATKINS, EDWIN MARTIN (_eld. son of Atkins Edwin Martin-Atkins of
    Walcot in Bath_). _b._ 1808; ed. at Rugby; matric. Magd. coll. Ox.
    26 July 1825 aged 17, B.A. 1829; sheriff of Berkshire 1844; F.S.A.
    10 Dec. 1857; the original of the Squire depicted by Tom Hughes in
    _The scouring of the White Horse_ 1859. _d._ Weston super Mare 5
    May 1859.

  ATKINSON, CHARLES CALEB (_eld. son of Caleb Atkinson of Hillingdon,
    Middlesex_), _b._ 1793; barrister M.T. 6 June 1834; sec. of
    University college London 1835 to July 1867; sub editor of _The
    Sphinx_; owner of _The Athenæum_ for short time. (_m._ 1831
    Harriet dau. of George Swimley of Henley on Thames). _d._
    Alexandra road, Kilburn, London 11 Jany. 1869.

  ATKINSON, FENTON ROBINSON. _b._ Leeds 12 Nov. 1784; admitted
    attorney May 1810; practised at Manchester; a leading bankruptcy
    lawyer; sold his library Dec. 1817 and his other library of 13,000
    volumes May 1858 a ten days sale; member of Chetham, Camden,
    Hakluyt, Shakspere and Percy Societies and Warton club;
    contributed to _Bibliographiana_, originally published in the
    _Manchester Exchange Herald_ 1815–16 and afterwards as a small
    vol. of which only 24 copies were issued 1817. _d._ The Grove,
    Withington, Lancs. 9 June 1859. _Law Times xxxiii_, 212, 257

  ATKINSON, SIR HENRY ESCH (_3 son of Henry Wm. Atkinson 1753–1834
    provost of Company of moneyers_). _b._ 1792; entered navy 2 Feb.
    1807; commander 30 April 1827; employed in the Coast Guard
    1835–38; retired captain 1 April 1856; knighted by lord lieutenant
    of Ireland 1836; superintendent of convicts in Van Diemen’s Land
    1846. (_m._ 1819 Sarah dau. of John Randall of the Isle of Wight,
    she _d._ 1873). _d._ Hobart Town 1857.

  ATKINSON, JAMES. _b._ county of Durham 9 March 1780; assistant assay
    master at Calcutta mint 1813–28; superintendent of the government
    Gazette 1817–28; surgeon to 55 Bengal N.I. 1833; superintending
    surgeon to the army of the Indus 1838–41; a member of Bengal
    medical board 1845–47; author of _The Shâh Nâmah translated and
    abridged_ 1832, which won gold medal of Oriental translation fund;
    _The expedition into Afghanistan_ 1842; _Sketches in Afghanistan_
    1842. _d._ 18 Dorset sq. London 7 Aug. 1852. _Journal of Royal
    Asiatic Society xv, vi-ix_, (1855).

  ATKINSON, JAMES. Perfumer in Old Bond st. London; lived at Village
    park, Ealing. _d._ 27 June 1853 aged 71.

  ATKINSON, JAMES CHARLES. _b._ Middlesex 1 May 1783; served in
    merchant service 1796–1803; joined R.N. as a volunteer 1803;
    master 29 Jany. 1814; staff commander on h.p. 11 June 1863. _d._
    Southampton 27 Oct. 1882 aged 99 years and six months.

  ATKINSON, SIR JASPER (_son of Henry Wm. Atkinson 1753–1834, provost
    of Company of moneyers_). _b._ Dulwich 1790; employed in the Mint
    1804–51; provost of Company of moneyers 1 April 1848 to July 1851
    when it was dissolved; knighted by patent 28 Nov. 1842 for
    services rendered to Ottoman, Russian and French governments.
    (_m._ 12 May 1819 Louisa Jane Grace only dau. of Wm. Gyll of
    Wyrardisbury house, Bucks, she was _b._ 21 July 1800 and _m._ (2)
    1863 Percy Honey of Exchequer Office, Lincolns Inn). _d._ North
    Frith Haddow near Tonbridge Wells 6 Oct. 1856.

  ATKINSON, RICHARD. _b._ Dublin 1796; a poplin manufacturer there
    1820 to death; alderman of Dublin 1857 to death; mayor 1856 and
    1861; gave a grand ball to Prince of Wales 11 Sep. 1861; a great
    philanthropist. _d._ 1867. _I.L.N. xxxviii_, 83 (1861) _portrait_.

  ATKINSON, SOLOMON. _b._ Cumberland; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.; senior
    wrangler and 2 Smith’s prizeman 1821; B.A. 1821; barrister L.I. 21
    May 1827; author of _County court extension act_, 1850; _Law and
    practice of county courts_ 1853. _d._ Mornington crescent,
    Hampstead road 12 Feb. 1865.

  ATKINSON, THOMAS WITLAM. _b._ Cawthorne, Yorkshire 6 March 1799;
    employed in rebuilding St. Mary’s church Barnsley 1819 where he
    carved some very fine work; architect in London 1827–42 when he
    went to Hamburg; engaged in reconstruction of St. Nicholas church
    Hamburg 1845; went to Russia 1846; granted by Emperor of Russia
    rare privilege of a blank pass throughout his Asiatic dominions;
    travelled in Siberia and Mongolia; F.R.G.S. 1858, F.G.S. 1859;
    author of _Explorations in Oriental and West Siberia_ 1857;
    _Travels in the regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor_ 1860; (_m._
    1847 Lucy authoress of _Recollections of Tartar Steppes_ 1863, she
    was granted a civil list pension of £100 18 June 1863). _d._ Lower
    Walmer, Kent 13 Aug. 1861.

  ATKINSON, WILLIAM GREENE. _b._ Darlington 1810; barrister M.T. 19
    Nov. 1841; librarian of the Great seal patent office, London Jany.
    1854 to death; prepared manuscript of catalogue of the library
    which was printed in 2 vols. 4º. 1882–83; edited the Commissioners
    of patents journal Jany. 1854 to death, _d._ 59 Rowan road,
    Hammersmith 18 Sep. 1881.

  ATKINSON, WILLIAM STEPHEN (_eld. son of Rev. T. D. Atkinson Rector
    of Rugeley, Staffs._) director of public instruction for Bengal.
    _d._ Rome 15 Jany. 1876 aged 55.

  ATTHILL, REV. WILLIAM LOMBE. _b._ 11 July 1807; scholar of Caius
    coll. Cam. 1825; B.A. 1830, M.A. 1851; sub-dean, canon and
    commissary of collegiate church of Middleham, Yorkshire 1839–51;
    P.C. of Horsham Norfolk 1851–63; V. of Horsford, Norfolk 1851–63;
    married 4 times; author of _The way of Catechising_ 1840; _History
    and antiquities of the collegiate church at Middleham_ 1847 and of
    articles in Burke’s _Historic Lands of England_ 1849. _d._
    Brandiston hall, Alderford, Norfolk 11 Dec. 1884.

  ATTREE, WILLIAM WAKEFORD. _b._ 1805; ed. at Eton and Trin. coll.
    Cam., B.A. 1829, M.A. 1832; barrister M.T. 7 June 1833; assistant
    tithe comr.; recorder of Hastings and of Seaford about 1842 to
    death; author of _Report of Braintree church rate case_ 1853. _d._
    Queen’s Park, Brighton 28 Jany. 1862.

  ATTWOOD, BENJAMIN (_son of Matthias Attwood of Hales Owen, founder
    of bank of Attwoods in London and Birmingham_). a manufacturer at
    Birmingham; came into a large fortune from his nephew Matthias
    Attwood; gave with greatest secrecy for many years sums of £1000
    each to all manner of charities to amount of £375,000. _d._
    Pengelly house, Cheshunt 22 Nov. 1874. _I.L.N. lxvi_ 57 (1875)
    _portrait_; _Graphic xi_ 67 (1875) _portrait_.

  ATTWOOD MATTHIAS (_brother of the preceding_). partner in bank of
    Attwoods; chairman of General steam navigation co.; M.P. for
    Callington 14 March 1820, for Boroughbridge 2 Aug 1830, and for
    Whitehaven 15 Dec. 1832 to 23 July 1847. _d._ Dulwich hill 11 Nov.
    1851. _G.M. xxxvii_ 192–93 (1852).

  ATTWOOD, THOMAS (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Howe house, Hales
    Owen, 6 Oct. 1783; a banker and manufacturer at Birmingham and
    London; opposed orders in council of 1807 and 1809 prohibiting all
    trade between England and the ports occupied by the French, the
    orders were partly revoked June 1812; originated abolition of East
    India monopoly 1813; one of the 3 founders of Birmingham Political
    Union 1829 which contributed largely towards passing of the Reform
    bill; presented with freedom of city of London 23 May 1832; M.P.
    for Birmingham 12 Dec. 1832 to Jany. 1840; presented to House of
    Commons the Chartist petition signed by 1280000 people, 14 June
    1839; author of _Letters of a Scotch banker_, first published
    anonymously in _The Globe_ 1828. _d._ Great Malvern 6 March 1856.
    _Dents Old and new Birmingham, section_ 2, (1880) 349–52.

      NOTE.—There is a statue of him in Stephenson place New st.
      Birmingham, which was unveiled 7 June 1858. He is the “King
      Tom” of Cobbett’s Weekly Register.

  ATWOOD, REV. HENRY ADAMS SERGISON. _b._ St. Margaret’s Westminster
    13 Jany. 1800; ed. at Queen’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1822, M.A. 1824;
    F.R.A.S. 1827; R. of Ashelworth, Gloucs. 1839 to death; author of
    _A new version of the Book of Psalms in verse by H. A. S. A._
    1834. _d._ Ashelworth rectory 22 June 1877.

  AUBIN, JOHN. One of the 11 judges of the Royal Court in Jersey 17
    May 1862 to death. _d._ 27 Midvale road, St. Heliers 28 Jany. 1874
    aged 78.

  AUBREY, THOMAS. _b._ Cefn-coed-y-cymer near Merthyr-Tydvil 13 May
    1808; Wesleyan minister 1826 to death; chairman of North Wales
    district 1854–65. _d._ Rhyl 15 Nov. 1867. _Wesl. Meth. Mag. xci,
    pt._ 2 _p._ 845 (1868).

  AUBREY, SIR THOMAS DIGBY, 7 Baronet. _b._ Llanblythian,
    Glamorganshire 2 Dec. 1782; barrister L.I. 11 Feb. 1811; sheriff
    of Bucks 1815; succeeded 1 March 1826; chairman of Bucks quarter
    sessions some years, _d._ Oving house near Aylesbury 2 Sep. 1856.

  AUCHMUTY, SIR SAMUEL BENJAMIN (_2 son of Samuel Auchmuty of
    Bryanstown_). _b._ Ireland 1781; major 7 foot 28 Oct. 1813 to 1
    Aug. 1822 when placed on h.p.; aide de camp to the Sovereign
    1831–41; granted service reward 3 Aug. 1845; col. of 65 foot 31
    Jany. 1851 and of 7 foot 18 Jany. 1855 to death; general 19 June
    1860; C.B. 4 June 1815, K.C.B. 2 Jany. 1857, G.C.B. 28 June 1861.
    (_m._ 1817 Mary Anne Buchanan, she _d._ 2 Jany. 1869 aged 69).
    _d._ Pau 30 April 1868.

  AUCKLAND, RIGHT REV. ROBERT JOHN EDEN, 3 Baron. _b._ Eden farm
    Beckenham, Kent 10 July 1799; ed. at Eton and Magd. coll. Cam.,
    M.A. 1819, D.D. 1847; R. of Eyam 1823; R. of Huntingfordbury 1825;
    V. of Battersea 1835; chaplain to William iv 1831–37 and to
    Victoria 1837–47; Bishop of Sodor and Man 7 May 1847; consecrated
    23 May 1847; installed at Castletown 29 June 1847; translated to
    see of Bath and Wells 2 June 1854; resigned his episcopal
    functions Oct. or Nov. 1869; succeeded his brother as 3 Baron 1
    Jany. 1849. _d._ The palace, Wells 25 April 1870. _I.L.N. lvi_,
    489, 490 (1870), _portrait_.

    1817; succeeded 14 Jany. 1837. _d._ Homburg 18 April 1872.
    _Burke’s Portrait gallery ii_, 41 (1833).

  AUDUBON, JOHN JAMES, _b._ New Orleans 4 May 1780; arrived at
    Liverpool 20 July 1826; lived in England 1826–29, 1830–31, 1834–36
    and 1838–39; author of _Birds of America_ published in 87 parts,
    elephant folio at price of 1000 dollars; F.L.S. 1828, F.R.S. 18
    March 1830. _d._ New York Island 27 Jany. 1851. _R. Buchanan’s
    Life of J. J. Audubon_ 1868, 2 _portraits_.

  AUDUS, JAMES (_only son of John Audus of Selby, Yorkshire, merchant
    1752–1809_). _b._ 28 July 1781; captain in York city militia
    1808–33; began a coasting trade between Selby and London 1826, had
    18 schooners so employed 1830; chairman of Yorkshire banking
    company 1843; erected and endowed St. James’s church Selby at cost
    of about £14000, laid the foundation stone 6 May 1866. _d._ Selby
    14 May 1867. _W. W. Morrell’s History of Selby_ (1867) 186,

      NOTE.—He was the oldest railway director in England, having
      been one of original board of Leeds and Selby railway which
      obtained its act 1830.

  AULDJO, JOHN. Ascended Mont Blanc 8 Aug. 1827, being the 14th ascent
    ever made; F.R.G.S. 1832; F.R.S. 7 May 1840; author of _Ascent of
    Mont Blanc_ 1827; _Sketches of Vesuvius_ 1832; _Journal of a visit
    to Constantinople_ 1835. _d._ 1857.

  AULSEBROOK, RICHARD. M.R.C.S. 1834, L.S.A. 1835; surgeon to Lambeth
    workhouse; resident medical officer of Hanwell lunatic asylum;
    author of _An inquiry into the physical condition of the working
    classes in the parish of St. James’s Westminster_. _d._ 50 King
    sq., Goswell road London 1855.

  AURIOL, REV. EDWARD. Ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1828, M.A. 1832; R. of
    Newton Valence, Hants 1838; R. of St. Dunstan in the West, London
    1841 to death; Preb. of St. Paul’s April 1865 to death; commissary
    for Bishop of Nelson 1866. _d._ 35 Mecklenbergh sq. London 10 Aug.
    1880 aged 75.

  AUSTEN, CHARLES JOHN. _b._ 1779; captain R.N. 10 May 1810; captain
    of Bellerophon 80 guns 1838–40; awarded good service pension 1840;
    R.A. 9 Nov. 1846; commander in chief in East Indies 14 Jany. 1850
    to death; C.B. 18 Dec. 1840; _d._ Prome, Burmah 8 Oct. 1852.

  AUSTEN, SIR FRANCIS WILLIAM (_4 son of Rev. George Austen R. of
    Steventon, Hants_). _b._ Steventon 23 April 1774; captain R.N. 13
    May 1800; served in action off St. Domingo 1805, for which he
    received thanks of houses of parliament; colonel R.M. 27 May 1825;
    commander in chief on north American and West Indian station 27
    Dec. 1844 to 12 Jany. 1848; admiral 1 Aug. 1848; R.A. of United
    Kingdom 5 June 1862; V.A. of U.K. 11 Dec. 1862; admiral of the
    fleet 27 April 1863 to death; C.B. 4 June 1815, K.C.B. 28 Feb.
    1837, G.C.B. 18 May 1860. _d._ Portsdown lodge, Portsmouth 10 Aug.

  AUSTEN, SIR HENRY EDMUND (_only son of Robert Austen of Shalford,
    Surrey who d. 3 Nov. 1797_). _b._ Shalford 20 May 1785; ed. at
    Harrow and Oriel coll. Ox., M.A. 1807; sheriff of Surrey 1810; a
    gentleman of the Privy Chamber 26 Jany. 1832 to death; knighted by
    the king at St. James’s Palace 22 Feb. 1832. _d._ 2 Suffolk place
    Cheltenham 1 Dec. 1871.

  AUSTEN, REV. JOHN THOMAS. Ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.; senior Wr.
    and senior Smith’s prizeman 1817; B.A. 1817, M.A. 1820, B.D. 1827;
    fellow of his college 1817; V. of Aldworth, Berks 1832–48; R. of
    West Wickham, Kent 1848 to death; hon. canon of Canterbury
    cathedral 1873. _d._ West Wickham rectory 10 June 1876 aged 82.

  AUSTEN, REV. ROBERT (_only son of Venerable Robert Austen 1723–92,
    archdeacon of Cork_). Treasurer of Cloyne 24 July 1810 to 10 June
    1833 when he resigned. _d._ Southsea, Hants 4 Nov. 1854 in 83

  AUSTEN, THOMAS. Lieut. col. of 60 regiment of foot 20 June 1805 to
    1817; M.P. for West Kent 1845–47. _d._ Kippington, Sevenoaks 23
    July 1859 aged 84.

  AUSTIN, ALFRED. _b._ 1805; assistant poor law comr. 1843–1854; sec.
    to Office of Works 1854–1868; C.B. 11 Oct. 1869. _d._ 67 Queen’s
    gardens, Bayswater 19 May 1884 in 79 year.

  AUSTIN, CHARLES (_2 son of Jonathan Austin of Creeting Mill,
    Suffolk, government contractor_). _b._ 26 March 1799; ed. at Bury
    St. Edmund’s gr. sch. and Jesus coll. Cam., B.A. 1824, M.A. 1827;
    pupil of Sir Wm. Follett; barrister M.T. 25 May 1827; bencher
    1841; Q.C. 1841; practised chiefly before committees of Houses of
    Parliament where he was the leading counsel; retired with a large
    fortune 1848; high steward of Ipswich; chairman of quarter
    sessions for East Suffolk. (_m._ 10 June 1856 Harriet Jane elder
    dau. of Ralph Mitford Preston Ingilby). _d._ Brandeston hall,
    Wickham Market 21 Dec. 1874. Personalty sworn under £140,000 19
    Feb. 1875. _J. S. Mill’s Autobiography_ (1873) 76–79; _Fortnightly
    Review xxiii_, 321–38 (1875); _Public men of Ipswich_ (1875)

  AUSTIN, SIR HORATIO THOMAS. Entered navy 8 April 1813; took part in
    Parry’s second Arctic expedition 1824–1825; commanded Salamander
    one of first steamers in the navy 1832–34; captain 28 June 1838;
    served in the Syrian war 1839–1843; commanded a squadron in search
    of Sir John Franklin 1850–1851; superintendent of Deptford
    dockyard 18 Oct. 1854 to 28 Nov. 1857; admiral superintendent of
    Malta dockyard 6 April 1863 to 26 Nov. 1864; V.A. 20 Oct. 1864;
    C.B. 18 Dec. 1840, K.C.B. 28 March 1865. (_m._ 8 Nov. 1831 Anne
    Eliza only dau. of Thomas Hawkins of Pennance, Creed, Cornwall and
    widow of Rev. J. Rawlinson, she _d._ 7 July 1876). _d._ Leinster
    gardens, London 16 Nov. 1865 in 65 year. _O’Byrne’s Naval
    biography_ (1861) 30.

      NOTE.—Austin channel between Byam Martin and Bathurst Isles
      and Cape Austin on the west coast of Cornwallis Isle are named
      after him.

  AUSTIN, JOHN (_eld son of Jonathan Austin of Creeting Mill,
    Suffolk_). _b._ 3 March 1790; in the army 1806–11 when he sold
    out; served in Sicily; barrister I.T. 5 June 1818; gave up
    practice 1825; professor of jurisprudence in Univ. of London 1826,
    lectured there 1828 to June 1832; member of Criminal law
    commission 1833; delivered a course of lectures on jurisprudence
    at Inner Temple 1834; went to Malta as Royal Comr. to inquire into
    grievances of which the natives complained 1836; lived in Paris
    1844–48 and at Weybridge, Surrey 1849 to death; corresponding
    member of moral and political class of French Institute; author of
    _The province of jurisprudence determined_ 1832, _2 ed._ 1861; _A
    plea for the Constitution_ 1859. (_m._ 1820 Sarah Taylor.) _d._
    Weybridge 17 Dec. 1859. _Dict. of national biography ii_, 265–68

  AUSTIN, SARAH (_youngest child of John Taylor of Norwich, yarn
    maker_). _b._ Norwich 1793; translated _The story without an end_
    by Carové 1834; _Ranke’s History of the Popes of Rome_, _2 vols._
    1840, _4 ed._ _3 vols._ 1866; author of _Germany from 1760 to
    1814, or sketches of German life_ 1854; granted civil list pension
    of £100 13 Oct. 1849. (_m._ 1820 John Austin). _d._ Weybridge,
    Surrey 8 Aug. 1867.

  AVELAND, GILBERT JOHN HEATHCOTE, 1 Baron. _b._ Normanton park,
    Stamford 16 Jany. 1795; ed. at Westminster, Edinburgh and Trin.
    coll. Cam.; M.P. for Boston 1820–30 and 1831–32, for Lincolnshire
    1832–41 and for Rutlandshire 1841–56; created Baron Aveland of
    Aveland, county Lincoln 26 Feb. 1856; lord lieutenant of
    Lincolnshire 12 March 1862. _d._ 12 Belgrave sq. London 6 Sep.
    1867; Personalty sworn under £400,000 26 Oct. 1867.

  AVELING, THOMAS. _b._ Elm, near Wisbech 11 Sep. 1824; a farmer at
    Ruckinge in Romney Marsh; agricultural implement maker at
    Rochester; an engine builder there 1860 to death; the first to
    build a traction engine with a single cylinder; invented steam
    road rollers, now to be found in nearly every town in the kingdom;
    A.I.C.E. 1871; M.I.C.E. 1877; M.I.M.E. 1869; member of Iron and
    Steel institute; chevalier of Legion of Honour; knight of order of
    Francis Joseph. _d._ Boley hill house Rochester 7 March 1882.
    _Graphic xxv_ 289 (1882) _portrait_; _Min. of proc. of Instit. of
    C.E. lxxiii_ 350–55 (1883).

  AVELING, REV. THOMAS WILLIAM BAXTER. _b._ Castletown, Isle of Man 11
    May 1815; usher in a school at Wisbech; studied at Highbury
    college 1834–38; Congregational minister at Kingsland 10 June 1838
    to death; hon. sec. to Asylum for fatherless children at Reedham,
    Surrey 1847–83, the chapel there is called after him, the “Aveling
    Memorial Chapel”; chairman of Congregational Board 1873 and of
    Congregational Union of England and Wales 1874; author of _Naaman
    or Life’s shadows and sunshine_ 1853; _Memorials of the Clayton
    family_ 1867; edited _the Jewish Herald 5 years_. _d._ Reedham
    orphanage asylum 3 July 1884. _Congregational year book_ (1885)

  AVERY, JOHN. M.R.C.S. 1829, F.R.C.S. 1843; M.D. Paris 1831; surgeon
    in chief to the 5th Polish ambulance in Polish army; a prisoner
    many months; a consulting surgeon in London; surgeon to Charing
    Cross hospital; invented an apparatus for exploring internal
    cavities of the body which gained large silver medal of Society of
    Arts; a successful operator in cases of cleft palate. _d._ 3 Queen
    st. Mayfair 5 March 1855. _Medical directory_ 1856, 722–24.

  AVONMORE, BARRY JOHN YELVERTON, 3 Viscount. _b._ 21 Feb. 1790;
    succeeded 28 Nov. 1814; principal registrar of court of chancery
    in Ireland to 1826 when granted pension of £4,200 on abolition of
    office. _d._ Raglan road, Dublin 24 Oct. 1870.

  AVONMORE, WILLIAM CHARLES YELVERTON, 4 Viscount (_elder son of the
    preceding_). _b._ 27 Sep. 1824; ed. at Woolwich; captain R.A. 16
    July 1850 to 1 April 1861 when placed on h.p.; suspended from all
    military duties March 1861. (_m._ 26 July 1858 Emily Marianne
    youngest dau. of Sir Charles Ashworth, K.C.B. and widow of Edward
    Forbes, F.R.S.) _d._ Biarritz 1 April 1883. _The Yelverton
    correspondence by the Hon. Theresa Yelverton_ 1863, _portrait_;
    _J. J. Macqueen’s Reports in House of Lords iv_, 743–912 (1866).

      NOTE.—He went through marriage ceremonies with Maria Theresa
      eld. dau. of Thomas Longworth of Manchester, manufacturer (1)
      at 1 St. Vincent st. Edinburgh on 12 April 1857 and (2) in
      chapel of Kilbroney near Rostrevor, Ireland on 15 Aug. 1857. A
      great deal of litigation took place between them to settle the
      point whether they were married or not, the end of which was
      that on 28 July 1864, House of Lords decided in favour of Lord
      Avonmore and against the marriage, thus reversing the judgment
      of the Court of Session in Edinburgh which had decided in her

  AVONMORE, BARRY NUGENT YELVERTON, 5 Viscount. _b._ 1 Randolph cliff,
    Edinburgh 11 Feb. 1859; 2 lieut. 37 foot 30 Jany. 1878; lieut. 20
    Feb. 1879 to death; succeeded 1 April 1883. _d._ of enteric fever
    at Kerbekan in the Soudan 13 Feb. 1885. _I.L.N. lxxxvi_, 431
    (1885) _portrait_.

  AVORY, HENRY. _b._ 1826; articled to John Clark of London,
    solicitor; clerk of indictments home circuit 1845; admitted a
    solicitor Nov. 1857; deputy clerk of assize home circuit 1858 to
    death; clerk of arraigns at central criminal court May 1860 to
    death. _d._ 26 Ladbroke gardens, London 5 April 1881.

      NOTE.—He figures in W. P. Frith’s series The race for wealth
      in the 4th picture “Judgment.”

  AWDRY, SIR JOHN WITHER (_2 son of John Awdry of Notton house,
    Chippenham 1766–1844_). _b._ Swindon 21 Oct. 1795; ed. at
    Winchester and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1817, M.A. 1820, D.C.L. 1844;
    fellow of Oriel coll. 1820–1830; barrister M.T. 22 Nov. 1822;
    puisne judge and comr. of insolvent debtor’s court Bombay
    1830–1839; knighted by patent 18 June 1830; chief justice of
    supreme court of Bombay 1839–1841 when he resigned; chairman of
    Wilts quarter sessions 1848 to 1866. _d._ Notton house 31 May

  AYCKBOURN, HUBERT (_youngest son of Thomas Harman Ayckbourn,
    barrister who d. 31 Dec. 1870 aged 94_). author of _The practice
    of the high court of Chancery_ 1844, _9 ed._ 1870; _The
    jurisdiction and practice of the supreme court of judicature_ 1874
    _2 ed._ 1876; committed suicide 2 or 3 May 1880 aged 56.

  AYLEN, JONATHAN (_son of John Aylen of Portsea_). _b._ Portsmouth 22
    May 1798; entered navy 13 Feb. 1813; master 5 Sep. 1823; master
    attendant at Sheerness dockyard 25 May 1849 to March 1856;
    examiner in navigation and seamanship at Hull May 1856; retired
    captain 25 May 1858; made several important inventions in anchors,
    his improvement on the Admiralty anchor was successfully tested at
    trial of anchors of all nations 1852. _d._ Welton near Brough,
    Yorkshire 9 Oct. 1874. _O’Byrne_ (1861) 31–32.

  AYLES, JOHN GEORGE AUGUSTUS. _b._ 1808; 2 lieut. R.M. 13 May 1828;
    col. commandant 16 May 1862 to 4 Nov. 1864; M.G. 4 Nov. 1864; _d._
    Clevelands Basset, Southampton 25 Nov. 1883.

  AYLESFORD, HENEAGE FINCH, 5 Earl of, (_eld. son of Heneage Finch 4
    Earl of Aylesford 1751–1812_). _b._ 24 April 1786; succeeded 20
    Oct. 1812. _d._ Packington hall, Coventry 3 Jany. 1859.

  AYLESFORD, HENEAGE FINCH, 6 Earl of. _b._ Packington hall, 24 Dec.
    1824; M.P. for south Warwickshire 7 June 1849 to 21 March 1857.
    _d._ Grosvenor st. London 10 Jany. 1871.

  AYLESFORD, HENEAGE FINCH, 7 Earl of. _b._ Upper Brook st. London 21
    Feb. 1849; entertained Prince of Wales at Packington hall Nov.
    1874; a prize fight and a cock fight took place there in 1876;
    effected 56 policies of insurance on his life to amount £204,830.
    _d._ the Big Springs cattle ranch, Texas 13 Jany. 1885.

  AYLMER, FREDERICK WHITWORTH AYLMER, 6 Baron. _b._ Twyford near
    Southampton 12 Oct. 1777; captain R.N. 18 May 1805; commanded
    Severn 50 guns at battle of Algiers 27 Aug. 1816; naval
    aide-de-camp to Wm. iv 1830–37; V.A. 9 Nov. 1846, pensioned 1 July
    1851; admiral on half pay 11 Sep. 1854; C.B. 19 Sep. 1816, K.C.B.
    5 July 1855, K.F.M.; succeeded as 6 Baron 23 Feb. 1850. _d._ 20
    Dawson place, Westbourne grove 5 March 1858. _O’Byrne_ (1861) p.

  AYLMER, SIR GERALD GEORGE, 9 Baronet. _b._ Carnarvon 15 Sep. 1798;
    succeeded 23 May 1816. _d._ Donadea castle Kilcock, co. Kildare 8
    Feb. 1878.

  AYLMER, SIR GERALD GEORGE, 10 Baronet. _b._ Dublin 26 May 1830. _d._
    25 June 1883.

  AYLMER, SIR JUSTIN GERALD, 11 Baronet. _b._ 17 Nov. 1863; ed. at
    Harrow and Trin. coll. Cambridge. _d._ Trinity college 15 March
    1885 the result of a fall from a bicycle 3 days before.

  AYLMER, SIR ARTHUR PERCY, 12 Baronet. _b._ 31 Aug. 1801; ed. at
    Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A. 1823, M.A. 1826; student L.I. _d._ Cork 7
    May 1885.

  AYLMER, THOMAS BRABAZON. Ensign 20 foot 9 Aug. 1797; major 9 foot 4
    Sep. 1807 to 25 Feb. 1816 when placed on h.p.; general 25 Sep.
    1856; colonel 45 foot 25 Sep. 1856 to death. _d._ Worthing 19 July
    1858 aged 76.

  AYLWARD, WILLIAM. A student at R.A. of Music, gained a King’s
    scholarship; professor of violoncello there; member of
    Philharmonic society and of Royal Italian opera band; taught music
    at Slough. _d._ 12 March 1878.

  AYRE, REV. JOHN. _b._ Feb. 1801; ed. at Caius coll. Cam., B.A. 1823,
    M.A. 1827; Incumbent of St. John’s chapel, Downshire hill
    Hampstead; dom. chap. to Earl of Roden; general secretary and
    librarian of Parker Society 1840–53; edited for Parker Society
    _Sermons of Edwin Sandys, archbishop of York_ 1841; _Works of
    Thomas Becon 3 vols._ 1843–44; _Works of John Jewel, bishop of
    Salisbury 4 vols._ 1845–50; _Works of John Whitgift, archbishop of
    Canterbury 3 vols._ 1851–53; author of _Treasury of Bible
    knowledge_ 1866. _d._ Church row, Hampstead 20 May 1869.

  AYRE, JOSEPH. _b._ Lynn, Norfolk 1781; sent to sea 1800; studied
    medicine at Guy’s hospital and Univ. of Edin.; M.D. 24 June 1807;
    practised at Hull 1808–24, in London 1824–31, and at Hull again
    1831 to death; L.R.C.P. 1824, F.R.C.P. 1859; author of _Practical
    observations on bilious complaint_ 1821; _Researches into the
    nature and treatment of dropsy_ 1825. _d._ Hull 15 Jany. 1860.

  AYRES, JOHN. _b._ 1807; clerk of the Royal Society of Literature
    more than 30 years. _d._ 4 St. Martin’s place, London 9 July 1881.

  AYRES, PHILIP BURNARD. _b._ Thame, Oxon 12 Dec. 1813; entered Univ.
    college London Oct. 1833; L.S.A. 1836, M.R.C.S. 25 April 1836;
    M.D. London 9 Dec. 1841 where he won 7 medals; practised nearly 10
    years at Thame; lecturer on chemistry at Charing Cross hospital;
    phys. to Islington dispensary 1851; edited _Pharmaceutical Times_;
    patented a method of utilising sewage as manure 1847;
    superintendent of quarantine in Mauritius 5 Jany. 1856 to death.
    _d._ Champ de Mars, Port Louis, Mauritius 30 April 1863.

      NOTE.—His widow presented his herbarium of Mauritius plants to
      royal gardens at Kew.

  AYRIS, HENRY. _b._ 12 Dec. 1805; whipper-in to the Berkeley hounds
    1826; huntsman of same pack down to Dec. 1865, when presented with
    a purse of 500 guineas, and granted an annuity of £100 by Lord
    Fitzhardinge; the best huntsman of his day. _d._ Ham near Berkeley
    28 April 1874.

  AYRTON, EDWARD NUGENT. _b._ Richmond, Surrey 1815; ed. at Ealing and
    Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1836, M.A. 1840; barrister L.I. 20 Nov.
    1845; wrote in the Law Times. _d._ Bexhill, Sussex 28 Nov. 1873.

  AYRTON, FREDERICK (_elder brother of preceding_.) _b._ London 20
    March 1812; ed. at Ealing and Addiscombe; 2 lieut. Bombay
    artillery 1828; captain June 1843 to 11 Sep. 1843, when he retired
    on a pension; barrister M.T. 30 Jany. 1846; sec. to Abbas Pasha
    viceroy of Egypt 1851 to 13 July 1854 when he died, educated
    Ilhami Pasha his only son, sec. to him 1854 to his death 1861;
    A.I.C.E. 9 June 1835; received title of Bey from the Khedive. _d._
    Arundel gardens, Notting hill London 20 June 1873. _Min. of proc.
    of Instit. of C.E. xxxviii_, 306–308 (1874).

      NOTE.—He formed a magnificent collection of Arabic calligraphs
      and MSS. which he bequeathed to the nation, but unfortunately
      the conditions with which the bequest was accompanied,
      prevented the Trustees of the British Museum accepting it.

  AYRTON, MATILDA (_dau. of Mr. Chaplin._) _b._ Honfleur 1846; passed
    preliminary examination at the Apothecaries’ Hall 1869 but was
    refused admission to the later examination on ground of her sex;
    matriculated at Univ. of Edin.; completed her education at Paris;
    lived in Japan 1873–77; taught midwifery to a class of Japanese
    women; M.D. Paris Dec. 1879; a licentiate of the King and Queen’s
    College of Physicians in Ireland, when she came out first in the
    examination; author of _Child life in Japan_ 1879; contributed
    many articles to periodicals. (_m._ 1872 Wm. Edward Ayrton
    professor in Imperial college of engineering, Japan). _d._ Sloane
    st. London 19 July 1883. _The Englishwoman’s Review 15 Aug. 1883._

  AYRTON, WILLIAM (_younger son of Edmund Ayrton 1734–1808, Master of
    the chapel royal to George iii_). _b._ London 22 Feb. 1777;
    Captain in Queen’s royal volunteers Westminster; musical and
    literary critic of the _Morning Chronicle_ 1813–1826; chief
    originator of Philharmonic society 1813; manager of Opera house
    London 1817 and 1821; produced Mozart’s Don Giovanni for first
    time in England 12 April 1817; edited and wrote much in the
    _Harmonicon_ 1823–33; wrote the musical articles in the _Penny
    Cyclopædia_ 1833–44; edited the _Sacred Minstrelsy_ 1834–35 and
    the _Musical library_ 1834–36; one of the original members of
    Royal institution and of the Athenæum club; F.R.S. 1 June 1837;
    _d._ 9 Bridge st. Westminster 8 May 1858.

  AYRTON, WILLIAM SCROPE (_only son of the preceding_). _b._ 28 April
    1804; ed. at Loughborough house school; barrister M.T. 26 Nov.
    1830; a registrar of Court of Bankruptcy Aug. 1838 to July 1847;
    comr. of Leeds district Court of Bankruptcy 5 July 1847 to 31 Dec.
    1869 when granted sum of £1800 on abolition of his office; F.S.A.
    21 May 1840; author with Basil Montagu of _Reports of cases in
    Bankruptcy 3 vols._ 1834–39 and of _The law and practice in
    Bankruptcy 2 vols._ 1837. _d._ Cliffden, Saltburn-by-the-Sea 3 May

  AYSCOUGH, JOHN (_son of John Ayscough, Capt. R.N._) _b._ on board
    H.M.S. “Swan” during an action on the way from North America 1775;
    captain R.N. 18 April 1806; protected Sicily against invasion of
    Joachim Murat 1810; superintended the ordinary at Plymouth
    1822–25; Comr. of dockyards at Jamaica and Bermuda; admiral 3 Oct.
    1855; awarded good service pension, _d._ Norwood, Surrey 2 Dec.
    1863. _O’Byrne_ (1861) 33–34.

  AYTOUN, ROBERT. _b._ Edinburgh 1799; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; a writer
    to the Signet; member of Royal Scottish society of arts 1826; read
    many papers; A.I.C.E. 1839; invented a safety cage for mines
    exhibited at great exhibition 1862. _d._ 9 Sep. 1876.

  AYTOUN, WILLIAM EDMONDSTOUNE. _b._ 21 Abercromby place, Edin. 21
    June 1813; ed. at academy and univ. of Edin.; M.A. 1849; a writer
    to the Signet 1835; an advocate 1840; on the staff of Blackwood’s
    magazine 1839 to death, contributed more than 120 articles;
    professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in Univ. of Edin. 22 Oct.
    1845 to 1864, during which time he raised number of students from
    30 to 1850; sheriff of Orkney and Zetland 29 May 1852; delivered 6
    lectures on poetry and dramatic literature at Willis’s Rooms,
    London 1853; presided at Burns centenary festival at Ayr 25 Jany.
    1859; hon. pres. of associated societies of Univ. of Edin. 1860;
    author of _Poland, Homer and other poems_ [_anon._] 1832; _Lays of
    the Scottish cavaliers and other poems_ 1848, _29 ed._ 1883;
    _Firmilian or the student of Badajoz, a spasmodic tragedy by T.
    Percy Jones_ [_pseud._] 1854; _Bon Gaultier ballads_ (with T.
    Martin) 1855, _13 ed._ 1877; _Bothwell, a poem in six parts_ 1856;
    edited _The ballads of Scotland 2 vols._ 1858, 4 ed. 1870. _d._
    Blackhills near Elgin 4 Aug. 1865. _Theodore Martin’s Memoir of W.
    E. Aytoun_ 1867, _portrait_; _Crombie’s Modern Athenians_ 1882,


  BABBAGE, BENJAMIN HERSCHELL (_eld. son of the succeeding_).
    Geologist of colony of South Australia; examined the country north
    and east of Adelaide for gold 1856; commanded an exploring party
    sent by Parliament of South Australia to Lake Torrens Feb. 1858 to
    5 Nov. 1858. _d._ Adelaide 22 Oct. 1878 aged 63. _W. Howitt’s
    History of discovery ii_, 311–24 (1865); _Rev. J. E. T. Wood’s
    History of discovery ii_, 260–79 (1865).

  BABBAGE, CHARLES (_son of Benjamin Babbage of London, banker_). _b._
    near Teignmouth, Devon 26 Dec. 1792; ed. at Enfield and Trinity
    and Peterhouse colleges Cam., B.A. 1814, M.A. 1817; F.R.S. 14
    March 1816; a founder of Royal Astronomical Society 1820, one of
    its secs. 1820–24, vice pres., foreign sec and member of council
    successively; began his calculating machine 1823, suspended its
    construction 1833, after spending on it about £6,000 besides
    £17,000 granted him by Government; Lucasian professor of
    mathematics at Cambridge 1828–39 but delivered no lectures; a
    founder of British Association 1831, a trustee 1832–38, originated
    the statistical section at Cambridge meeting 1833; contested
    Finsbury as a radical Dec. 1832 and June 1834; chief founder of
    Statistical Society 15 March 1834, chairman 1835; author of _Table
    of logarithms of the natural numbers from 1 to 108,000_, 1827;
    _The decline of science in England_ 1830; _On the economy of
    manufactures_ 1832, _4 ed._ 1835; _The ninth Bridgewater treatise_
    1837, _2 ed._ 1838. _d._ 1 Dorset st. Portman sq. 18 Oct. 1871.
    _Babbage’s Passages from the life of a philosopher_ 1864; _Monthly
    notices of R. Astronom. soc. xxxii_, 101–109 (1872); _C. R. Weld’s
    History of royal society ii_, 369–91 (1848); _Edinburgh Review
    lix_, 263–327 (1834); _Journal of statistical soc. xxxiv_, 411–15
    (1871); _I.L.N. lix_, 423 (1871), _portrait_; _Graphic iv_, 495
    (1871), _portrait_.

  BABER, REV. HENRY HERVEY (_son of Thomas Baber of London,
    barrister_). _b._ 22 Aug. 1775; ed. at St. Paul’s sch. and All
    Soul’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1799, M.A. 1805; sub librarian of the
    Bodleian 1796; assistant librarian at British Museum 1807 and
    keeper of Printed books 1812–37; vice principal of St. Mary’s hall
    Ox. 1805; C. of St. Mary the Virgin Ox. 1805; R. of Stretham with
    Thetford, Cambridge 1827; F.R.S. 23 May 1816; one of founders of
    Royal society of literature 2 June 1823 which received a charter
    13 Sep. 1826; editor of _Vetus testamentum Græcum e codice MS.
    Alexandrino_, _4 vols._ 1816–28. _d._ Stretham rectory 28 March

  BABINGTON, BENJAMIN GUY (_son of Wm. Babington of London, physician
    1756–1833_). _b._ Guy’s Hospital 1794; ed. at the Charterhouse
    1803–1807; midshipman R.N., served at Walcheren and Copenhagen
    1809; in the Madras medical service 1812–19; studied at Guy’s
    Hospital and Pemb. coll. Cam., M.B. 1825, M.L. 1827, M.D. 1830,
    F.R.C.P. 1831; delivered Croonian and Lumleian lectures; F.R.S. 13
    March 1828, on the council 1861–63; assistant phys. to Guy’s
    Hospital 1837 and phys. 1840–55; a founder of Sydenham Society
    1843, treasurer 1843–58 when society was dissolved; chief founder
    of Epidemiological society Aug. 1850, pres. 1850–64; pres. of
    Royal Medical and Chirurgical society 1861; invented the
    Laryngoscope, made for him by an optician called Elsworthy and
    exhibited at Hunterian Society 18 March 1829; took out patents for
    pens 1843, and for preventing incrustation of boilers 1850; author
    of _Passing thoughts in sonnet_ [_anon._] 1855. _d._ 31 George st.
    Hanover sq. 8 April 1866 in 73 year. _Trans. of Epidemiological
    Society ii_, 160–67 _and_ 471–76 (1865–67).

    1838, M.R.C.P. 1849, F.R.C.P. 1857; surgeon accoucheur to St.
    George’s and St. James’s dispensary London; phys. to Queen
    Charlotte’s Lying-in-hospital 1850 to death; a founder of
    Obstetrical Society 16 Dec. 1858, vice pres. 2 Jany. 1861. _d._
    Hertford st. London 25 Jany. 1862. _Proc. of Royal Med. and Chir.
    society iv_, 86–88 (1864).

  BABINGTON, DAVID. Entered Madras army 1820; brigadier general in
    command of Malabar and Canara 17 Jany. 1862 to 3 Feb. 1865; L.G.
    16 May 1872. _d._ Clifton 12 Aug. 1874.

  BABINGTON, GEORGE GISBORNE. _b._ 22 Jany. 1794; M.R.C.S. 1816,
    F.R.C.S. 1843; practised at Golden sq. London; surgeon to St.
    George’s hospital; delivered Hunterian oration at Royal college of
    surgeons 14 Feb. 1842. _d._ 13 Queen’s gardens, Hyde park 1 Jany.

  BABINGTON, WILLIAM KNOX. Brigadier general commanding northern
    district of Madras 29 Nov. 1867 to 1 Dec. 1868; L.G. 1 Oct. 1877.
    _d._ 48 Oxford terrace, Hyde Park 31 July 1878.

  BABY, DANIEL. Ensign 24 foot 9 Nov. 1797; captain 6 Aug. 1806 to 1
    June 1826 when placed on h.p.; M.G. 31 Aug. 1855. _d._ 15 April

  BACHE, FRANCIS EDWARD (_eld. child of the succeeding_). _b._
    Birmingham 14 Sep. 1833; pupil of Alfred Mellon; played violin in
    orchestra at Birmingham festivals 1846 and 1847; organist at All
    Saint’s Church Gordon sq. London Oct. 1850 to Oct. 1853; his first
    Overture was performed at Adelphi theatre Nov. 1850; composed many
    pianoforte pieces and songs; designed the organ in Hope st.
    church, Liverpool. _d._ Frederick st. Edgbaston, Birmingham 24
    Aug. 1858. _The Christian Reformer xiv_, 713–19 (1858).

  BACHE, REV. SAMUEL. _b._ Bridgnorth 24 Dec. 1804; assistant in
    school of Rev. Lant Carpenter at Bristol; ed. at Manchester
    college, York 1826–29; unitarian minister at the old meeting
    Dudley 1829–32 and at the new meeting Moor st. Birmingham 1832–62
    when it was sold and congregation moved to Church of the Messiah,
    Broad st. where he was minister 1862–68; kept a school at
    Birmingham many years; author of _Harmony of science and
    revelation_ 1839; _Exposition of Unitarian views of Christianity_
    1854; _Miracles the credentials of the Christ_ 1863 and 19 other
    publications, none of which are mentioned in _The English
    catalogue of books_, or _Allibone’s Dictionary_. _d._ Gloucester 7
    Jany. 1876. _Beale’s Memorials of old meeting house Birmingham_

  BACHHOFFNER, GEORGE HENRY. _b._ London 13 April 1810; originated and
    suggested scheme of Royal Polytechnic Institution, which was
    opened 6 Aug. 1838, principal in department of natural and
    experimental philosophy there, Aug. 1838 to Aug. 1855; one of
    district registrars of Marylebone parish 1837, and superintendent
    registrar 1853 to death; lessee and manager of Royal Colosseum,
    Dec. 1856 to 16 Feb. 1864, when it closed for ever; professor of
    natural philosophy at Elizabeth college, Guernsey; invented the
    Polytechnic gas fire 1850; author of _Chemistry as applied to the
    fine arts_ 1837. _d._ 78 The Grove, Hammersmith 22 July 1879.

  BACK, SIR GEORGE (_son of John Back of Stockport, Cheshire_). _b._
    Stockport 6 Nov. 1796; midshipman R.N. Sep. 1808; a prisoner at
    Verdun in France 1809–14; went with Franklin to the Spitzbergen
    seas 1818, along Arctic coast of America 1819–22, and to Mackenzie
    river 1825–27; conducted overland Arctic expedition 1833–35, when
    he travelled 7500 miles, and discovered the Back or Great Fish
    river; captain by order in council 30 Sep. 1835, an honour which
    no other officer in the navy had received except William iv;
    commanded the Terror in expedition to the frigid zone 1836–37;
    knighted by the Queen at St. James’s palace 6 March 1839; F.R.G.S.
    1836, Founder’s gold medallist 1836; F.R.S. 7 Jany. 1847; gold
    medallist of Geographical Society of Paris; pres. of the Raleigh
    club 1844; awarded good service pension 21 Jany. 1854; D.C.L.
    Oxford 28 June 1854; admiral on h.p. 18 Oct. 1867; author of
    _Narrative of the Arctic land expedition to the mouth of the Great
    Fish river_ 1836; _Narrative of an expedition in H.M.S. Terror_
    1838. (_m._ 13 Oct. 1846 Theodosia Elizabeth, widow of Anthony
    Hammond of Savile row, London, she _d._ 6 Jany. 1861). _d._ 109
    Gloucester place, Portman sq. 23 June 1878. _Geographical mag. v_,
    179–81 (1878); _I.L.N. lxxii_, 4 (1878) _portrait_; _Graphic
    xviii_, 116 (1878) _portrait_.

  BACK, WILLIAM. _b._ Surrey; ed. at Guy’s hosp. and Univ. of Edin.;
    M.D. 24 June 1808; L.C.P. 22 Dec. 1814; Physician to Guy’s hosp.
    17 March 1819 to 1840. _d._ New Park road, Clapham park 6 Nov.
    1856 aged 74.

  BACKHOUSE, EDWARD (_son of Edward Backhouse of Darlington_). _b._
    Darlington 1808; a banker at Sunderland, and a partner in
    colleries; an Elder of Society of Friends 1854 to death; erected a
    large mission hall at Sunderland; author of _The religious society
    of Friends_ 1870. _d._ Hastings 22 May 1879. _Early church history
    compiled by the late E. Backhouse, edited by C. Tylor_ 1884,

  BACKHOUSE, GEORGE CANNING. Clerk in the Foreign Office 5 April 1838;
    commissary judge at Havannah 16 Dec. 1852 to death; murdered at
    Havannah 30 Aug. 1856 aged 37; a civil list pension of £100
    granted his widow 15 Nov. 1856.

  BACKHOUSE, JAMES. _b._ 8 July 1794; ed. at Leeds; minister of
    Society of Friends 1824; missionary to Australia and South Africa
    1831–41; author of _A narrative of a visit to the Australian
    colonies_ 1843; _A narrative of a visit to the Mauritius and South
    Africa_ 1844 and many small books. _d._ Holdgate house, York 20
    Jany. 1869. _Memoir of James Backhouse by his sister_ 1870;
    _Smith’s Friends’ Books i_, 152–56 (1867).

  BACON, ANTHONY. Cornet 16 Lancers 13 Aug. 1812; lieut. 13 Dragoons
    1818–1821 when placed on h.p.; commanded the whole cavalry of
    Queen Dona Maria of Portugal 1832–34; created General on field of
    battle at Loures by Emperor Don Pedro in person 12 Oct. 1833;
    K.T.S. _d._ Crondall near Farnham 2 July 1864 aged 68. _Sketches
    in Portugal by J. E. Alexander_ (1835) 120, 245.

  BACON, CHARLOTTE MARY (_2 dau. of Edward Harley, 5 Earl of Oxford
    1773–1848_). _b._ Harley st. London 12 Dec. 1801; Lord Byron
    dedicated his _Childe Harold_ to her under name of Ianthe 1812.
    (_m._ 1823 general Anthony Bacon). _d._ 13 Stanhope place, Hyde
    park 9 March 1880. _Finden’s Illustrations of Lord Byron vol. ii_,
    (1833), _portrait_; _I.L.N. lxxvi_, 292 (1880), _portrait_.

  BACON, SIR EDMUND, 9 Baronet of Redgrave and 10 Baronet of
    Mildenhall. _b._ Raveningham, Beccles, Norfolk 16 July 1779;
    succeeded his father as Premier Baronet of England 5 Sep. 1820.
    _d._ Raveningham 30 May 1864.

  BACON, GEORGE PETER (_younger son of R. M. Bacon of Norwich, editor
    of the Norwich Mercury_). Bought the Sussex Advertiser 1843, wrote
    all the leading articles and edited the paper to his death; sec.
    of Hop excise duty repeal association 1858 to April 1862 when duty
    which yielded £750,000 a year was taken off. _d._ 64 High st.
    Lewes 15 March 1878 in 72 year. _I.L.N. xlii_, 641 (1863).

  BACON, SIR HENRY HICKMAN, 10 and 11 Baronet. _b._ Blundeston near
    Lowestoft 5 April 1820; succeeded 30 May 1864; sheriff of Lincoln
    1867. _d._ Thonock hall, Gainsborough 14 Nov. 1872.

  BACON, JOHN (_2 son of John Bacon, R.A. sculptor 1740–99_). _b._
    Newman st. Oxford st. London March 1777; completed his father’s
    works; exhibited 64 sculptures at the R.A. 1792–1824; executed
    statue of Wm. iii in St. James’s sq. 1808; 6 monuments in St.
    Paul’s and 11 monuments in Westminster Abbey. _d._ Bathwick hill
    near Bath 14 July 1859.

  BACON, REV. ROBERT. ed. at Univ. of Glasgow LLD. 1800, and Em. coll.
    Cam. LL.B. 1806; C. of Hunstanton 1802–42; C. of Sedgeford
    1809–32; P.C. of Fring, Norfolk 16 Feb. 1809 to death; R. of
    Wolverton, Norfolk 1836 to death; author of _Poems_, 1790;
    _Treatise on Baptism_ 1827; _Theological essays_ 1829. _d._ 1861.

  BACOT, JOHN. _b._ 29 May 1781; M.R.C.S. 1801, F.R.C.S. 1843;
    assistant surgeon Grenadier Guards 1803–20; practised in London
    1820; edited with Roderick Mc Cleod _Medical and Physical
    journal_; chairman of Court of examiners of Society of
    Apothecaries 1832–38, master of the company 1845–46; member of
    General board of Health 1854; author of _Observations on the use
    and abuse of friction_ 1822 and _A treatise on Syphilis_ 1829.
    _d._ 4 Portugal st. Park lane 4 Sep. 1870. _Medical Circular i_,
    130 (1852).

  BADDELEY, JOHN. _b._ at sea in Bay of Bengal 22 Jany. 1846; taken to
    England 1851; ed. at Bonn and Univ. of Edin.; M.B. 1867; founded
    Athletic club of Univ. of Edin. May 1867, pres. 1867–68; fellow of
    Botanical society of Edin. 14 Dec. 1865; member of Royal Medical
    Society 23 Nov. 1866. _d._ Royal Infirmary Edin. 29 Feb. 1868.
    _Transactions of Botanical Society ix_, 304–12 (1868).

  BADDELEY, WILLIAM. Civil engineer; made many improvements in manual
    fire engines 1820–62; invented portable cistern used by London
    Fire Brigade. _d._ March 1867 aged 61.

  BADELEY, EDWARD LOWTH (_son of John Badeley M.D. of Leighs hall,
    near Chelmsford 1742–1831_). _b._ 1803; ed. at Brasen. coll. Ox.;
    B.A. 1823, M.A. 1828; barrister I.T. 29 Jany. 1841; counsel for
    Bishop of Exeter in Gorham case before judicial committee of P.C.
    17–18 Dec. 1849; joined Church of Rome 1850; author of _The
    privilege of religious confessions in English courts of justice_
    1865. _d._ 29 March 1868. _Memoir of J. R. Hope Scott 2 vols._

  BADELEY, JOHN CARR (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 1794; ed. at
    the Charterhouse and Caius coll. Cam.; M.B. 1817, M.D. 1822;
    F.R.C.P.; phys. to Asylum for health Lisson Grove, London; phys.
    to Chelmsford dispensary 20 years; inspecting phys. to lunatic
    asylums of Essex; Harveian orator 1849; poisoned himself
    accidentally at Guy Harlings, Chelmsford 22 Sep. 1851.

  BADEN, MAUDIT OR MARDIT. _b._ Pewsey, Wilts Feb. 1763 or 1773. _d._
    Oare, parish of Wilcot, Wilts 11 May 1869. _Human longevity by W.
    J. Thoms_ (1873) 129–31.

  BADGER-EASTWOOD, Thomas Smith (_eld son of Thomas Badger of
    Rotherham, solicitor 1793–1862_). _b._ 1823; ed. at Doncaster gr.
    sch. and Trin. hall Cam., B.A. 1846, M.A. 1849; barrister M.T. 29
    Jany. 1847; reader on real property law to 4 Inns of Court 1856 to
    death; assumed surname of Eastwood 1863; edited _Concise forms of
    wills by W. Hayes and T. Jarman 5 ed._ 1860. _d._ 28 Gloucester
    place, Hyde park gardens 30 May 1866.

  BADGLEY, FRANCIS. L.R.C.S. Edin. 1827, M.D. Edin. 1829, L.S.A. 1830;
    M.R.C.P. London 1860; a phys. at Kensington 1829–42, at Montreal
    1842–59 and at Malvern 1860 to death; fellow of Royal medical and
    chirurgical society 1838; M.D. Univ. of Toronto 1851; professor of
    medical jurisprudence in Mc Gill college; professor of medicine in
    medical school of Montreal; professor of medicine in Univ. of
    Toronto 1851; founded _Montreal Medical Gazette_ 1844, edited it
    1844–45. _d._ Holyrood house, Great Malvern 24 Dec. 1863 aged 56.

  BADGLEY, W. _b._ Montreal 1801; called to Canadian bar 1823; sec. of
    Constitutional Association of Montreal district 1836–38; one of
    three delegates of this Association to England 1837–38; comr. of
    bankrupts for district of Montreal 1840 to April 1847; circuit
    judge July 1844 to April 1847; attorney general for Lower Canada
    April 1847; member of the provincial parliament May 1847 to 1855;
    puisne judge Lower Canada Jany. 1855 to 1876; Grand master of
    Freemasons for Montreal. _d._ 1876. _H. J. Morgan’s Sketches of
    eminent Canadians_ (1862) 492–97.

  BADHAM, REV. CHARLES. ed. at Em. coll. Cam., B.A. 1839, M.A. 1846;
    V. of All Saints Sudbury, Suffolk 1847 to death; author of
    _Selections from Robert Hall_ 1840; _Aids to devotion_ 1843;
    _History of All Saints, Sudbury_ 1852. _d._ All Saints vicarage,
    Sudbury 15 April 1874.

  BADHAM, REV. CHARLES (_son of Charles Badham 1780–1845, Regius
    professor of physics in Univ. of Glasgow_). _b._ Ludlow 18 July
    1813; ed. by Jean Henri Pestalozzi; at Eton 1826; scholar of
    Wadham coll. Ox. 1830, B.A. 1837, M.A. 1839; studied in Germany
    and Italy 7 years; incorporated M.A. at Cam. as member of St.
    Peter’s college 1847, D.D. Cam. 1852; headmaster of Birmingham
    proprietary school 1854–67; professor of classics and logic in
    Univ. of Sydney 1867 to death; one of greatest scholars of his
    time; author of _Criticism applied to Shakespeare_ 1846; published
    editions with notes of the _Ion of Euripides_ 1851, 1853 and 1861;
    and of the _Philebus of Plato_ 1855 and 1878. _d._ Sydney 26 Feb.
    1884. _Saturday Review lvii_, 540 (1884).

  BADHAM, REV. CHARLES DAVID (_brother of preceding_). _b._ London
    1806; ed. at Eton and Em. coll. Cam., B.A. 1826; incorporated B.A.
    at Ox. as mem. of Pemb. coll. 1829, M.A. 1829, M.B. 1830, M.D.
    1833; travelling fellow of Univ. of Ox. 1829; M.R.C.P., F.R.C.P.;
    practised at Rome and Paris long time; returned to England 1845;
    ordained deacon at Norwich by Bishop Stanley; C. of East Bergholt,
    Suffolk 1849–55; author of _Insect life_ 1845; _The esculent
    funguses of England_ 1847; _Prose Halieutics or ancient and modern
    fish tattle_ 1854; contributed much to _Blackwood_ and _Fraser_.
    _d._ East Bergholt 14 July 1857 in 52 year. _Fraser’s Mag. lvi_,
    162–63 (1857).

  BAGEHOT, WALTER (_only son of Thomas Watson Bagehot of Herds Bill
    Langport, Somerset 1796–1881_). _b._ Langport 3 Feb. 1826; ed. at
    Bristol and Univ. coll. London, B.A. 1846, M.A. 1848, mathematical
    scholar 1846, gold medallist 1848; barrister L.I. 17 Nov. 1852;
    edited the _National Review_ with R. H. Hutton July 1855 to Nov.
    1864; edited the _Economist_ 1860 to death; examiner in political
    economy in Univ. of London; author of _Estimates of some
    Englishmen and Scotchmen_ 1858; _The English constitution_ 1867;
    _Physics and Politics_ 1872. (_m._ 21 April 1858 Eliza eld. dau.
    of James Wilson, M.P.) _d._ Herds Hill 24 March 1877. _Literary
    studies by the late W. Bagehot, edited by R. H. Hutton, 3 ed. i,
    ix-lxvii_ (1884), _portrait_; _Dictionary of Nat. Biog. ii_,
    393–96 (1885).

  BAGG, WILLIAM. Surgical artist; illustrated many medical books. _d._
    20 Dec. 1869 in his 66 year.

  BAGGE, REV. HENRY THEODORE JAMES (_only son of the succeeding_).
    _b._ 28 Feb. 1824; ed. at Rugby and Downing coll. Cam., B.A. 1851;
    C. of Weyhill, Hants 1851–54; author of _Toleratio intolerabilis
    or the free development of the Romish system_ 1851; _St. Paul’s
    Epistle to the Galatians, the text revised and illustrated_ 1856.
    _d._ Munich 19 Nov. 1861.

  BAGGE, REV. JAMES. ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.; B.A. 1814, M.A.
    1818; R. of Crux-Easton near Newbury 1843 to death; author of
    _Twelve sermons_ 1835; _The Gawthorne correspondence and the Rev.
    W. B. Barter_ 1852, and other Sermons and Pamphlets. _d._ 1877.

  BAGGE, SIR WILLIAM, 1 Baronet (_eld. son of Thomas Philip Bagge of
    Stradsett hall, Norfolk 1771–1827_). _b._ Stradsett hall 17 June
    1810; ed. at the Charterhouse and Ball. coll. Ox.; M.P. for West
    Norfolk 1837–57 and 1865 to death; created baronet 13 April 1867.
    _d._ Stradsett hall 12 Feb. 1880.

  BAGGE, SIR WILLIAM HENRY ERNEST, 2 Baronet. _b._ Stradsett hall 9
    Aug. 1840. _d._ Heatherside, Woking 23 Oct. 1881.

  BAGLEY, JAMES. _b._ Ireland 1822; went to the U.S.; commanded 69th
    Regiment 1862–66; alderman of New York; Sachem of the Tammany
    society to death. _d._ New York 21 Dec. 1876.

  BAGLEY, JOHN WOODHOUSE. Made many important improvements in the
    bobbin net machine for which he took out patents 1844, 1850 and
    1851; his productions were shewn in the London exhibition of 1851
    and the Paris exhibition of 1855. _d._ 1859 aged about 50. _W.
    Felkin’s History of hosiery_ (1867) 371–75.

  BAGNALL, CHARLES. _b._ West Bromwich, Staffs. 1827; an ironmaster;
    M.P. for Whitby 1865–68. _d._ Brighton 25 Feb. 1884.

  BAGNALL, JOHN NOCK. _b._ Hateley Heath, West Bromwich 30 May 1826;
    member of firm of John Bagnall and Sons of the Gold’s Hill Iron
    works (where most of the rails used on foreign lines were made)
    1844–61; captain of Bilston rifle corps which he raised 26 Jany.
    1860, commanded Wolverhampton battalion 9 Nov. 1868 to March 1884;
    pres. of South Staffordshire branch of the English Church Union;
    licensed by Bishop Selwyn as a lay deacon in diocese of Lichfield
    1872, took charge of St. Mary’s, Hateley Heath; sheriff of Staffs.
    1875–76; author of _A history of Wednesbury in the county of
    Stafford [anon.]_ 1854. _d._ The Moss Shenstone, Staffs. 18 Oct.
    1884. _John Nock Bagnall A memoir by his daughter Mary Willett_
    1885, _portrait_.

  BAGNOLD, MICHAEL. Entered Bombay army 1803; colonel 29 Bombay N.I.
    21 Jany. 1846 to death; M.G. 20 June 1854. _d._ Upper Hamilton
    terrace, St. John’s Wood, London 1 Dec. 1857 aged 71.

  BAGOT, WILLIAM BAGOT, 2 Baron (_3 son of Wm. Bagot, 1 Baron Bagot
    1728–98_). _b._ Bruton st. London 11 Sep. 1773; ed. at Westminster
    and Ch. Ch. Ox.; succeeded 22 Oct. 1798; author of _Memorials of
    the Bagot family_ 1823. _d._ Blithfield near Stafford 12 Feb.
    1856. _Memorials of the Bagot family_ 1823, _portrait_.

  BAGOT, ALAN (_2 son of the succeeding_). _b._ 1 June 1856; M.I.M.E.,
    F.C.S., F.S.A.; invented several apparatus for saving life and
    preventing accidents in mines; author of _Accidents in mines_
    1878; _The principles and practice of colliery ventilation_ 1879,
    _2 ed._ 1882; _Principles of civil engineering_ 1885. _d._
    Bournemouth April 1885.

  BAGOT, CHARLES. _b._ 20 May 1808; captain grenadier guards 15 May
    1840; lieut. col. 3 Stafford militia 5 April 1853 and col. 27
    March 1858 to death; assistant master of ceremonies in Royal
    household 1861 to death. _d._ 49 Cadogan place, London 20 Feb.

  BAGOT, REV. CHARLES WALTER (_3 son of Right Rev. Richard Bagot
    1782–1854_). _b._ 11 Feb. 1812; ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1834,
    M.A. 1842; fellow of All Souls college 1842–46; R. of
    Castle-Rising, Norfolk 1846 to death; chancellor of diocese of
    Bath and Wells 1851 to death. _d._ 10 Sep. 1884.

  BAGOT, HENRY. _b._ 12 July 1810; entered navy 13 May 1823; admiral
    on h.p. 22 Jany. 1877. _d._ Brewood hall, Stafford 30 Nov. 1877.

  BAGOT, RIGHT REV. RICHARD (_6 son of Wm. Bagot, 1 Baron Bagot
    1728–98_). _b._ Daventry 22 Nov. 1782; ed. at Rugby and Ch. Ch.
    Ox. B.A. 1803, M.A. 1806, D.D. by diploma 30 Nov. 1829; fellow of
    All Souls college 1804–1806; R. of Leigh, Staffs. 1806; R. of
    Blithfield 1807; canon of Worcester 16 July 1817; canon of Windsor
    25 March 1822; dean of Canterbury 2 Sep. 1827 to Nov. 1845;
    elected Bishop of Oxford 13 July 1829, confirmed 22 and
    consecrated 23 Aug.; Bishop of Bath and Wells 6 Nov. 1845 to
    death; his see was administered for a time by Right Rev. James
    Henry Monk, bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. _d._ Brighton 15 May
    1854. _Rev. W. Palmer’s Events connected with publication of
    Tracts for the times_ 1883.

  BAGSHAW, HENRY RIDGARD (_2 son of Sir Wm. Chambers Darling
    afterwards Bagshaw of Sheffield, physician 1771–1832_). _b._ 1
    Nov. 1799; ed. at Oakham and Richmond gr. schs. and Trin. coll.
    Cam., B.A. 1822; barrister M.T. 25 Nov. 1825, bencher Dec. 1854,
    treasurer 1864–65; Q.C. Dec. 1854; judge of county courts of
    Cardigan, Carmarthen and Pembroke (circuit 31) 30 Oct. 1861 and of
    Clerkenwell district (circuit 41) June 1868 to death. _d._ 21
    Fellow’s road, Eton park south Hampstead 16 May 1870.

  BAGSHAW, JOHN. _b._ 1784; ed. at Rugby; a banker and merchant at
    Calcutta; M.P. for Sudbury 1835 to 1837 and for Harwich 1847 to
    1852 and 1853 to 1859; high steward of Harwich, _d._ Norwood 20
    Dec. 1861.

  BAGSHAW, ROBERT JOHN. _b._ 1803; a merchant at Calcutta; M.P. for
    Harwich 9 Dec. 1857 to 23 April 1859; sheriff of Essex 1873 _d._
    42 Gloucester square, London 11 Aug. 1878.

  BAGSHAWE, WILLIAM LEONARD GILL. _b._ 18 Oct. 1828; ed. at Eton and
    Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1851; rowed No. 5 in Cambridge boat against
    Oxford 29 March 1849 and 15 Dec. 1849; the best oarsman on the
    river Cam.; killed by poachers at Wormhill hall, near Tideswell 20
    July 1854. _Annual Register_ (1854) 430–34.

  BAGSTER, SAMUEL (_2 son of George Bagster of Beaufort buildings,
    Strand, London_). _b._ 26 Dec. 1772; bookseller in the Strand
    1794–1816, in Paternoster Row 1816 to death; published _The
    English version of the polyglott Bible_ 1816; _Biblia sacra
    polyglotta Bagsteriana_, 4 vols. 1817–28; _The English Hexapla_
    1841 giving six most important English versions of New Testament;
    and many Bibles and Prayer Books in foreign languages. (_m._ 19
    Dec. 1797 Eunice Birch, she was _b._ 23 Aug. 1777 and _d._ 22 Aug.
    1877). _d._ Old Windsor 28 March 1851.

  BAGWELL, JOHN (_eld son of Very Rev. Richard Bagwell, dean of
    Clogher who d. 25 Dec. 1825_). _b._ Clogher, co. Tyrone 3 April
    1811; ed. at Winchester; sheriff of Tipperary 1834; M.P. for
    Clonmel 30 March 1857 to 26 Jany. 1874; a lord of the treasury
    June 1859 to July 1861. _d._ Marlfield, Clonmel 2 March 1883.

  BAIGRIE, ROBERT (_son of John Baigrie of Fearn, Rossshire_). Entered
    Bombay army 3 Feb. 1848; major staff corps 3 Feb. 1868;
    quartermaster general Bombay army to 1874; commandant 28 N.I. 20
    May 1876 to death; C.B. 24 May 1873. _d._ Poona 25 Sep. 1877.
    _I.L.N. lxxi_, 481, 482 (1877), _portrait_.

  BAIKIE, WILLIAM BALFOUR (_eld son of John Baikie captain R.N._).
    _b._ Kirkwall, Orkney 27 Aug. 1825; ed. at Kirkwall gr. sch. and
    Univ. of Edin., M.D.; assistant surgeon R.N. 1848; surgeon and
    naturalist to expedition to the river Niger 1854; commanded
    expedition to river Niger 1 April 1857; author of _Narrative of an
    exploring voyage up the river Niger_ 1856. _d._ at house of
    Charles Heddle, Sierra Leone 12 Dec. 1864. _Journal of royal
    geographical society xxxv_, 123 (1865); _I.L.N. xlvi_, 88 (1865),

  BAILES, WILLIAM HAIGH. _b._ 1821; solicitor at Boston 1843 to death;
    member of Boston town council 1863–72, alderman 1872, mayor 1873.
    _d._ 14 April 1885.

  BAILEY, REV. BENJAMIN. V. of Dallington, Northampton 1819; senior
    chaplain in Ceylon; archdeacon of Colombo 1852 to death. _d._
    Nottingham place, Marylebone 25 June 1853 aged 62.

  BAILEY, CRAWSHAY. _b._ Wenham, Suffolk 24 Oct. 1789; an ironmaster
    in South Wales; sheriff of Brecon 1835, of Monmouth 1850; took out
    a patent for railway rails 1843; M.P. for Monmouth 1852–68. _d._
    Llanfoist near Abergavenny 9 Jany. 1872.

  BAILEY, FANNY (_dau. of John Mitchell of Ferring, Sussex, farmer_).
    _b._ Ferring 7 Aug. 1777. _d._ Christchurch schools, Worthing 6
    April 1881 aged 103 years and 8 months. _I.L.N. lxxviii_ 440
    (1881), _portrait_; _N. and Q. 5 S. viii_, 265 (1877), _xii_, 407
    (1879), 6 _S. iii_, 485 (1881).

  BAILEY, JAMES. Ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1814, M.A. 1823; head
    master of Perse’s Free school Cam.; granted a Civil list pension
    of £100, 30 Oct. 1850; edited _Forcellini’s Latin dictionary 2
    vols._ 1826; author of _Comicorum Græcorum fragmenta_ 1840. _d._
    London 13 Feb. 1864.

  BAILEY, SIR JOSEPH, 1 Baronet (_elder son of Joseph Bailey of
    Wakefield 1747–1813_). _b._ Great Wenham priory, Suffolk 21 Jany.
    1783; an ironmaster in Brecknock and Monmouth; chairman of
    Birkenhead docks company; sheriff of Monmouth 1823; M.P. for
    Worcester 1835–47 and for Brecknockshire 1847 to death; created a
    baronet 5 July 1852. _d._ Glanusk park, Brecknockshire 20 Nov.

  BAILEY, SAMUEL. _b._ Sheffield 1791; one of the trustees of
    Sheffield 1828; a founder of Sheffield Banking company 1831, and
    chairman; contested Sheffield 14 Dec. 1832 and 12 Jany. 1835; his
    supporters founded a Bailey club; pres. of Sheffield Literary and
    Philosophical society several times; author of _Essays on the
    formation and publication of opinions_ 1821, _3 ed._ 1831;
    _Critical dissertation on the nature, measure, and causes of
    Value_ 1825; _Maro or poetic irritability in four cantos [anon.]_
    1845; _The theory of reasoning_ 1851, _2 ed._ 1852; _Letters on
    the philosophy of the human mind_, _3 series_, 1855–1863. _d._
    Norbury near Sheffield 18 Jany. 1870, left about £90,000 for
    benefit of that town. _English psychology translated from the
    French of T. Ribot_ (1873) 315–22; _British Controversialist July
    1868 pp._ 1–25; _N. and Q. 5 S. ix_ 182–85, 216 (1878).

  BAILEY, THOMAS. _b._ Nottingham 31 July 1785; a silk hosier there,
    then a wine merchant; contested Nottingham July 1830; member of
    town council 26 Dec. 1835 to 1843; proprietor and editor of
    _Nottingham Mercury_ 1846–52; author of _What is life, and other
    poems_ 1820; _Recreations in retirement_ 1836; _Annals of
    Nottinghamshire 4 vols._ 1852–55, originally published in 32
    shilling parts; _Records of Longevity_ 1857, and 9 other books.
    _d._ Old Bassford near Nottingham 23 Oct. 1856. _C. Brown’s
    Nottinghamshire Worthies_ (1882) 341–50.

      NOTE.—While connected with the Independents, he was one of
      three individuals chosen to take part in a public disputation
      arranged to be held in Nottingham between the friends of
      Christianity and Richard Carlisle, the champion of infidelity
      who _d._ 10 Feb. 1843 aged 52.

  BAILHACHE, REV. CLEMENT. _b._ St. Heliers Jersey 11 Dec. 1830; ed.
    at Stepney college 1851; minister of Baptist chapel, South parade,
    Leeds 1855; minister at Watford 1859, at Cross st. Islington 1864;
    association sec. of Baptist mission Oct. 1870; sec. of Baptist
    missionary society 1876 to death. _d._ 6, Leigh road, Highbury 13
    Dec. 1878. _Baptist handbook_ (1879) 296–98.

  BAILLIE, ALFRED. _b._ London 22 June 1830; hon. sec. of Marylebone
    cricket club May 1858 to 12 Feb. 1863. _d._ May or June 1867.

  BAILLIE, AGNES (_elder sister of Joanna Baillie_). _b._ 24 Sep.
    1760. _d._ Hollybush hill, Hampstead 27 April 1861 aged 100 years
    and 7 months.

  BAILLIE, EDWARD. _b._ Gateshead; a glass painter; exhibited at Great
    Exhibition of 1851 “Shakespeare reading a play to Queen
    Elizabeth.” _d._ London 21 Sep. 1856 aged 43.

  BAILLIE, GEORGE ALEXANDER. _b._ 1804; ensign 15 Madras N.I. 6 April
    1820; lieut. col. of 52 N.I. 9 June 1853, of 14 N.I. 15 Sep. 1855,
    and of 26 N.I. 1857–64; col. 15 N.I. 9 June 1865 to 1 Oct. 1877;
    general 1 Oct. 1877. _d._ 92 Westbourne park road, London 3 March

  BAILLIE, HUGH DUNCAN. _b._ 1777; M.P. for Rye 1830–31 and for
    Honiton 1835–47; Lieutenant and sheriff principal of Rossshire 22
    March 1843 to death. _d._ 65 Rutland gate, London 21 June 1866.

  BAILLIE, JOANNA (_youngest child of Rev. James Baillie, minister of
    Bothwell, Lanarkshire_). _b._ Manse of Bothwell 11 Sep. 1762;
    lived with her only brother Matthew Baillie in London 1783–91;
    lived at Hampstead 1802 to death; published anonymously _A Series
    of plays in which it is attempted to delineate the stronger
    passions of the mind_, _3 vols._ 1798–1812, of these plays _De
    Montford, a tragedy on hatred_ was produced at Drury Lane theatre
    29 April 1800 and ran 11 nights, _The Election, a comedy_ was
    produced as an opera at English Opera house June 1817,
    _Constantine Paleologus, a tragedy_ produced at Surrey theatre as
    a melodrama under title of _Constantine and Valeria The Family
    legend, a tragedy_ produced at T.R. Edin. 1810 and at Drury Lane
    29 May 1815, _The Separation_ and _Henriquez_ have been also
    acted; author of _Miscellaneous Plays_, _3 vols._ 1836. _d._
    Hollybush hill, Hampstead 23 Feb. 1851. _The songstresses of
    Scotland by Tytler & Watson ii_, 180–334 (1871); _Chambers Biog.
    dict. of eminent Scotsmen i_, 53 (1868), _portrait_; _W. Howitt’s
    Homes and haunts of the most eminent British poets ii_, 248–56
    (1847); _T. H. Ward’s English poets_, _2 ed. iv_, 221–26 (1883);
    _The living and the dead by a country curate, i.e. Rev. Erskine
    Neale_ (1827) 177–91.

  BAILLIE, SIR WILLIAM, 1 Baronet. _b._ Edinburgh July 1784; created
    Baronet by patent dated 14 Nov. 1823. _d._ Perth 28 Jany. 1854.

  BAILLIE-HAMILTON, CHARLES (_2 son of George Baillie-Hamilton, M.P.
    of Mellerstain, Berwickshire 1763–1841_). _b._ Mellerstain 3 Nov.
    1804; admitted advocate at Scottish bar 1830; advocate depute 1844
    to 1846 and 1852; sheriff of Stirlingshire 2 March 1853; solicitor
    general for Scotland 17 March 1858; Lord advocate for Scotland 10
    July 1858; raised to rank of an Earl’s son 5 July 1859; M.P. for
    Linlithgowshire 7 Feb. 1859 to 15 April 1859; a judge of Court of
    Session 15 April 1859 to April 1874; assumed courtesy title of
    Lord Jerviswood 1859; assessor of Univ. of St. Andrew’s 1861; a
    lord of justiciary 17 June 1862 to April 1874. _d._ Dryburgh
    house, St. Boswell’s 23 July 1879.

  BAILLIE-HAMILTON, CHARLES JOHN. _b._ 4 Jany. 1800; M.P. for
    Aylesbury 31 July 1839 to 23 July 1847. _d._ Ronco near Genoa 25
    Aug. 1865.

  BAILLIÈRE, HIPPOLYTE. Came to London about 1827; opened first shop
    in London for sale of French medical works at 219 Regent st. 1830;
    collected books for royal college of surgeons; publisher. _d._ 219
    Regent st. 11 May 1867 aged 58.

  BAILY, CHARLES. _b._ 10 April 1815; assistant to the City Architect,
    London; built St. John’s church East Dulwich; restored Barnard’s
    Inn Hall and Leigh church Kent; F.S.A. 1844; master of the
    Ironmongers Company 1874–75; author with G. R. French of
    _Catalogue of the Antiquities and works of art exhibited at
    Ironmongers hall London in 1861_, _2 vols._ 1869. _d._ Reigate 2
    Oct. 1878.

  BAILY, EDWARD HODGES. _b._ Bristol 10 March 1788; pupil of Flaxman
    in London 1807–14; student of R.A. 1809, gained silver and gold
    medals 1809 and 1811, A.R.A. 1817, R.A. 1821, retired 1863;
    executed the bassi-relievi on the south or park side of the Marble
    Arch 1821; executed sculptures of Apollo 1815, Eve at the fountain
    1818, Eve listening to the voice 1841, The Graces seated 1849 and
    statues of Sir Richard Fletcher and Thomas Telford in Westminster
    Abbey. _d._ 99 Devonshire road, Holloway 22 May 1867. _Scott’s
    British school of sculpture_ (1871) 123–28; _Sandby’s History of
    Royal Academy ii_, 57–59 (1862); _Walford’s Photographic portraits
    of living celebrities_ (1859), _portrait_.

  BAILY, JOHN (_eld. son of John Baily of Blandford sq. Marylebone_).
    _b._ London April 1805; ed. at Merchant Taylor’s sch. and St.
    John’s coll. Cam., 2 wrangler and junior Smith’s prizeman 1828;
    fellow of his college 29 March 1830; barrister L.I. 10 May 1832,
    bencher 3 Nov. 1851; Q.C. 11 July 1851; leader in V.C.
    Kindersley’s Court to 1867; counsel to Univ. of Cam. _d._ Stoney
    Hills, Esher Surrey 19 June 1877.

  BAILY, JOHN WALKER. _b._ Kent road, London 9 Jany. 1809; head of
    firm of Wm. Baily and Sons, ironmongers 71 Gracechurch st.; master
    of the Ironmongers company 1862–63; member of British
    Archæological Association 6 Dec. 1865, on the council May 1869;
    formed an important collection of Romano-British and mediæval
    remains found in London 1862–72, this collection was purchased by
    Corporation of London 1881; his collection of arms and armour was
    bought by Baron de Cosson of Chertsey 1881. _d._ 4 March 1873.
    _Journal of British Archæological Association xxx_, 349–51 (1874).

  BAIN, ALEXANDER. _b._ Thurso 1810; a journeyman clockmaker in London
    1837; made electrical experiments on the Serpentine; invented
    electrical clocks, patented 11 Jany. 1841 and exhibited at Royal
    Polytechnic 28 March 1841; constructed the earth battery 1843;
    patented apparatus for registering progress of ships 1844, and
    electro-chemical telegraph 1846; invented automatic method of
    transmitting signals; devised electrical methods of playing keyed
    instruments at a distance. _d._ in the Home for incurables
    Kirkintilloch near Glasgow 2 Jany. 1877. _J. Finlaison’s An
    account of some remarkable applications of the electric fluid to
    the useful arts by Mr. Alexander Bain_ 1843.

  BAIN, DONALD. _b._ Fordyce, Banffshire; author of _The patriot or
    Wallace, a historical tragedy_ 1806; _Olden times, a comedy_ 1841,
    _2 ed._ 1845. _d._ April 1865.

  BAIN, EDWIN SANDYS (_eld. son of Lieut. Col. William Bain of
    Livelands near Stirling_). _b._ 1804; barrister M.T. 19 June 1829;
    went northern circuit; serjeant at law 12 Nov. 1845. _d._
    Livelands 30 Dec. 1874.

  BAIN, HENDERSON. Entered navy 4 Sep. 1793; captain 6 April 1813;
    retired admiral 11 Feb. 1861. _d._ Esher, Surrey 18 Jany. 1862
    aged 86.

  BAIN, JAMES. A bookseller at the Mews Gate, Charing Cross, London
    1819; at 1 Haymarket 1831 to death, _d._ Highgate 10 Dec. 1866
    aged 72.

  BAIN, SIR WILLIAM. _b._ Culross, Perthshire 1771; Master R.N. 1811;
    commanded steamers for general steam navigation company; harbour
    master of Granton on the Firth of Forth 10 years; knighted by the
    Queen at St. James’s palace 20 March 1844; author of _An essay on
    the variation of the compass_ 1817. _d._ The Grange, Romford 11
    Sep. 1853.

  BAINBRIDGE, EDWARD THOMAS. _b._ 1798; a banker in London; M.P. for
    Taunton 6 Aug. 1830 to Feb. 1842. _d._ 30 Medina villas Brighton
    30 Sep. 1872.

  BAINBRIDGE, JOHN NATHAN. Studied at St. Thomas’ and Guy’s
    hospitals; M.R.C.S. 1820, F.R.C.S. 1852, L.S.A. 1821; bought a
    practice in St. Martin’s lane 1824; medical officer of St.
    Martin’s-in-the-Fields workhouse 1835; M.D. St. Andrew’s 1842;
    prescribed for 1669 cases with only 27 deaths during prevalence
    of cholera 1849 for which, Board of Guardians gave him £200;
    surgeon to London Friendly Institution. _d._ 86 St. Martin’s
    lane 16 April 1863 aged 63. _Medical Circular i_ 131, 169 (1852)

  BAINBRIDGE, WILLIAM (_only son of Wm. Bainbridge of Alston,
    Northumberland, solicitor_). Barrister I.T. 23 Nov. 1838; author
    of _A treatise on the law of mines and minerals_ 1841, _4 ed._
    1878; _Lionel Merval a novel [anon.] 3 vols._ 1866. _d._ Cliffe
    house, Cullercoats 13 Dec. 1869 aged about 60.

  BAINBRIGGE, JOHN HANKEY (_2 son of Philip Bainbrigge of Ashbourne,
    Derbyshire 1756–99_). _b._ 1791; ensign 20 foot 25 March 1808;
    lieut. 9 March 1809 to 25 Dec. 1814; town major Guernsey 29 Nov.
    1839 to 30 May 1861; general 1 Oct. 1877; _d._ Robais manor,
    Guernsey 15 March 1881.

  BAINBRIGGE, SIR PHILIP (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ London
    1786; entered navy 1799; ensign 20 foot 30 June 1800; permanent
    assistant quartermaster general 15 Oct. 1812 to 23 Nov. 1841;
    deputy quartermaster general Ireland 23 Nov. 1841 to 9 Nov. 1846;
    commanded the forces in Ceylon 1852–54; col. of 26 foot 31 March
    1854 to death; general 24 Aug. 1861; granted service reward 15
    Nov. 1848; C.B. 19 July 1838, K.C.B. 18 May 1860; invented a
    protracting pocket sextant 1809. _d._ St. Margaret’s Litchfield,
    Hants 20 Dec. 1862. _G.M. xiv._ 236–37 (1863); _Annual Register_
    (1850) 323–31.

  BAINES, REV. EDWARD. _b._ Cainham vicarage, Shropshire 1 Aug. 1801;
    ed. at Shrewsbury head præpositor; at Christ’s coll. Cam., Bell
    Univ. scholar, and Browne medallist for Latin and Greek epigrams
    1821, B.A. 1824, M.A. 1827; fellow classical lecturer and tutor of
    his college; R. of Clipston 1840–43; R. of Bluntisham, Hants
    1843–59; V. of Yalding, Kent 1859 to death; author of _First form
    Latin grammar_ 1855; _Visit to the Vaudois of Piedmont_ 1855. _d._
    San Remo 20 April 1882. _Sermons by the late Rev. Edward Baines
    edited with memoir by Alfred Barry, D.D._ 1883.

  BAINES, REV. JOHN. Ed. at St. John’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1843; V. of
    Little Marlow, Bucks 1859 to death; author of _Tales of the
    Empire_ 1851; _Life of Archbishop Laud_ 1855; _Twenty sermons_
    1857; _Hints for harvest services_ 1866. _d._ 63 Abingdon villas
    Kensington, London 20 May 1880 aged 58.

  BAINES, MATTHEW TALBOT (_eld. child of Edward Baines 1774–1848, M.P.
    for Leeds_). _b._ Leeds 17 Feb. 1799; ed. at Richmond gr. sch. and
    Trin. coll. Cam. scholar, B.A. 1820; barrister I.T. 6 May 1825,
    bencher 1841, reader 1854, treasurer 1855; recorder of Hull
    1837–47; Q.C. 1841; M.P. for Hull 1847–1852 and for Leeds
    1852–1859; pres. of Poor law board 1 Jany. 1849 to 2 March 1852
    and 1 Jany. 1853 to 13 Aug. 1855; P.C. 30 July 1849; mem. of
    committee of council on education 10 March 1855; chancellor of
    Duchy of Lancaster with a seat in the cabinet 7 Dec. 1855 to 26
    Feb. 1858. _d._ 13 Queen’s square, Westminster 22 Jany. 1860.
    _Taylor’s Biographia Leodiensis_ (1865) 482–86; _Illust. News of
    the World 24 Nov. 1860_, _portrait_.

      NOTE.—He was the first dissenter admitted to a seat in the

  BAINES, THOMAS. _b._ Kings Lynn 1822; went to Cape Colony 1842;
    painted pictures and taught drawing; went through Kafir wars
    1846–54; explored North West Australia under Augustus Gregory
    1855–56; artist and store keeper to the Livingstone Zambesi
    Expedition 1858, his series of pictures of scenes on the Zambesi
    has been exhibited at the Crystal palace, Dublin exhibition and
    Alexandra palace; lectured in England 1864–68; F.R.G.S. 1857;
    author of _Explorations in South Western Africa_ 1864. _d._ D’
    Urban, Port Natal 8 April 1875. _The gold regions of South Eastern
    Africa, by the late Thomas Baines_ 1877, _portrait_; _Illust. News
    of the World i_, 64 (1858), _portrait_.

  BAINES, THOMAS (_3 son of Edward Baines 1774–1848 M.P. for Leeds_).
    _b._ Leeds 1806; edited _Liverpool Times_ 1829–59; a parliamentary
    agent in London 1859; author of _History of commerce and town of
    Liverpool_ 1852; _Lancashire and Cheshire past and present_ 1867;
    _Yorkshire past and present_ 1875. _d._ Seaforth hall near
    Liverpool 31 Oct. 1881.

  BAIRD, ANDREW WOOD. _b._ Colchester; ed. at Univ. of Edin., M.D.
    1823; L.R.C.S. Edin. 1821, M.R.C.P. 1827; a phys. at Ipswich
    1824–52, at Dover 1852 to death; phys. to Dover hospital. _d._ 7
    Camden Crescent, Dover 10 Jany. 1882.

  BAIRD, SIR DAVID, 2 Baronet. _b._ 1795; succeeded 18 Aug. 1829. _d._
    9 Jany. 1852.

  BAIRD, FRANCIS (_2 son of Charles Baird, founder of the ‘Baird
    Works’ at St. Petersburg who d. 10 Dec. 1843 in his 77 year_).
    _b._ 16 Feb. 1802; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; joined his father’s
    Works 1819; sole proprietor 1843 to death; M.I.C.E. 25 Feb. 1823;
    executed the 4 bas-reliefs, eagles and candelabra, and colossal
    figure of the angel on the Alexander column in the Winter Palace
    St. Petersburg, also the St. Nicholas bridge, first permanent
    bridge across the Neva. _d._ St. Petersburg 25 March 1864; _Min.
    of proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxx_ 428 (1870).

  BAIRD, JAMES (_4 son of Alexander Baird of Kirkwood, Lanarkshire
    farmer 1765–1833_). _b._ Kirkwood 5 Dec. 1802; an ironmaster at
    Gartsherrie works near Airdrie 1829 which became largest iron
    works in the world except those at Dowlais; largely assisted J. B.
    Neilson in perfecting his invention of the hot blast; M.P. for
    Falkirk burghs 1851–57; bought estate of Muirkirk Ayrshire 1863
    for £135,000; founded Baird lectures for defence of orthodoxy
    1871, and Baird Trust in connection with Church of Scotland at
    cost of £500,000 July 1873. _d._ Cambusdoon near Ayr 20 June 1876.
    Personalty sworn under £1,190,000 Aug. 1876. _Practical Mag. i_,
    241–48 (1873) _portrait_; _Burke’s Vicissitudes of families_ _2
    ed._ 1859, _pp._ 40–46; _Graphic xiv_, 12 (1876), _portrait_.

  BAIRD, REV. JOHN (_eld. son of Rev. James Baird, minister of
    Swinton, Berwickshire who d. 11 Feb. 1814_). _b._ Manse of Eccles
    17 Feb. 1799; ed. at Whitsome and Kelso and Univ. of Edin.;
    founded the Plinian Society at Edin. 1823, which was eventually
    incorporated with Botanical Society of Edin.; minister of Yetholm
    near Kelso June 1829 to death; established a school at Yetholm for
    Gipsies 1843, this was the first ragged school in Scotland; a
    founder of Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club 22 Sep. 1831, pres.
    1837; author of _Scottish Gipsies Advocate_ 1839; _Account of the
    parish of Yetholm_ in the _New Statistical account of Scotland
    iii_, 159–76 (1845). _d._ Yetholm 29 Nov. 1861. _Memoir of the
    late Rev. John Baird by W. Baird M.D._ 1862.

  BAIRD, ROBERT. _b._ 1806; an ironmaster at Glasgow; lord dean of
    guild Glasgow 1855. _d._ Cawdor house, Glasgow 7 Aug. 1856.

  BAIRD, THOMAS. Wrote much in _Western Times_ Exeter newspaper under
    pseudonym of Nathan Hogg; author of _Letters in the Devonshire
    dialect in verse by Nathan Hogg_ 1847. _d._ St. Thomas’s hospital
    London May 1881.

  BAIRD, WILLIAM (_elder brother of James Baird_). _b._ 1796; senior
    partner in Gartsherrie iron works; M.P. for Falkirk 1841–45;
    bought estate of Elie, Fifeshire for £145,000. _d._ Edinburgh 8
    March 1864, leaving a fortune of £2,000,000 sterling.

  BAIRD, WILLIAM (_younger brother of Rev. John Baird_). _b._ the
    Manse of Eccles Berwickshire 1803; ed. at Edin. Dublin and Paris;
    surgeon H.E.I. Co’s. navy 1823–33; practised in London 1833–41;
    assistant in Zoological department of the British Museum Sep. 1841
    to death; F.R.S. 6 June 1867; author of _The natural history of
    the British Entomostraca_ published by Ray Society 1850;
    _Cyclopædia of natural sciences_ 1858. _d._ 38 Burlington road,
    Westbourne park 27 Jany. 1872.

  BAIRD, REV. WILLIAM. Ed. at Linc. coll. Ox., B.A. 1859, M.A. 1861;
    V. of St. Barnabas, Homerton 1870 to death; author of _Hallowing
    of our common life, sermons_ 1867, _3 ed._ 1874; _Inheritance of
    our fathers, the book of common prayer_ 1868; _Days that are past,
    early church history_ 1870. _d._ Coleshill st. Eaton sq. London 5
    Dec. 1875.

  BAKER, ANNE ELIZABETH. _b._ 16 June 1786; wrote the geological and
    botanical part of her brother George Baker’s _History and
    antiquities of Northamptonshire_; author of _Glossary of
    Northamptonshire words and phrases 2 vols._ 1854. _d._ Gold st.
    Northampton 22 April 1861.

  BAKER, ANTHONY ST. JOHN. Consul general in the U.S. of America 6
    Jany. 1816 to 5 Jany. 1832 when office abolished. _d._ Mount
    Calverley lodge, Tunbridge Wells 16 May 1854.

  BAKER, B. B. Director of the college at Corfu; professor of English
    literature in the Ionian University. _d._ Malta 20 Feb. 1868.

  BAKER, REV. DAVID BRISTOW. Ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1829,
    M.A. 1832; Inc. of Claygate, Surrey 1841–52; author of _A treatise
    on the nature of doubt in religious questions [by D.B.B.]_ 1831;
    _Discourses and Sacramental addresses to a village congregation_
    1832. _d._ Parliament st. Westminster 24 July 1852 aged 49.

  BAKER, D. S. Deaf and dumb heraldic artist; drew for many years the
    arms for the obituary notices in the Illustrated London News;
    painted heraldic paintings on panels and doors of state carriage
    of Lord Mayor of London. _d._ 1 Sep. 1877 aged 53.

  BAKER, SIR EDWARD BAKER, 2 Baronet. _b._ Dublin 4 Nov. 1806; ed. at
    Ch. Ch. Ox.; succeeded 4 March 1825. _d._ 51 Upper Brook st.
    London 29 March 1877.

  BAKER, REV. FRANKLIN. _b._ Birmingham 1801; M.A. Univ. of Glasgow;
    minister of Presbyterian chapel Bolton 14 Dec. 1823; ordained 23
    Sep. 1824; author of _The rise and progress of Nonconformity in
    Bolton_ 1854. _d._ Birmingham 25 May 1867.

  BAKER, GEORGE. _b._ Northampton; mayor 1837; issued proposals for a
    history of Northamptonshire 1815; published the first part 1822,
    the second 1826, the third completing the first volume 1830, the
    fourth part 1836 and about one third of the fifth part 1841, the
    manuscripts were eventually purchased by Sir Thomas Phillipps.
    _d._ May Fair, Northampton 12 Oct. 1851 aged 70. _G.M. xxxvi_,
    551–52, 629 (1851).

  BAKER, GEORGE. _b._ 8 Jany. 1794; cornet 16 light dragoons 6 July
    1809; captain 19 Oct. 1820 to 18 July 1826, when placed on h.p.;
    English comr. for defining boundary frontier between Turkey and
    Greece 1830; F.R.G.S. 1830. _d._ Grosvenor place, Bath 22 Dec.
    1859. _Journal of Royal Geographical society xxx, c-cii_ (1860).

  BAKER, GEORGE. _b._ Cobham near Gravesend 31 May 1838; a bowler at
    Lord’s cricket ground, London 1862–64; started the United north
    and south of England Eleven 1866, sec. to that body which soon
    became extinct; kept a cricket and newspaper shop at Stratford,
    Essex about 1864 to death; a left handed bowler and batsman. _d._
    Lydd, Kent 2 June 1870.

  BAKER, SIR HENRY LORAINE, 2 Baronet. _b._ Nancy in Lorraine 3 Jany.
    1787; captain R.N. 13 June 1815; retired V.A. 9 July 1857;
    succeeded as 2 Bart. 4 Feb. 1826; C.B. 4 June 1815. _d._ Dunstable
    house, Richmond 2 Nov. 1859.

  BAKER, REV. SIR HENRY WILLIAMS, 3 Baronet (_elder son of the
    preceding_). _b._ London 27 May 1821; ed. at Trin. coll. Camb.,
    B.A. 1844, M.A. 1854; C. of Great Horkesley Essex 1842–51; V. of
    Monkland, Hereford 1851 to death; originated the most popular hymn
    book ever compiled, _Hymns ancient and modern_ 1860, of which 20
    million copies have been sold, author of several of these hymns.
    _d._ Horkesley house, Monkland 12 Feb. 1877.

  BAKER, REV. JAMES. _b._ Lincoln; ed. at Winchester; fellow of New
    college Ox. 1807–18, B.A. 1811. M.A. 1815; chancellor of diocese
    of Durham 1818 to death; R. of Nuneham Courtenay, Oxon 1825 to
    death. _d._ Nuneham Courtenay 6 Sep. 1854 aged 66.

  BAKER, JAMES. _b._ York 4 Oct. 1851; the first editor of a
    periodical entitled _Bachelors’ Papers_ Liverpool 1870; studied at
    Univ. of Edin. 1872; M.B. 1876; resident phys. Royal infirmary
    Edin. 1876; pres. of Royal medical society. _d._ Royal infirmary
    Edin. 17 April 1877. _The annual monitor for 1878 pp._ 15–29.

  BAKER, JAMES VASHON. _b._ 1798; entered navy 1811; captain 10 July
    1843; admiral on h.p. 30 July 1875. _d._ Neen-Sollars rectory,
    Shropshire 14 Oct. 1875.

  BAKER, JOHN. One of the pioneers of South Australia; one of its
    foremost public men; member of Legislative Council. _d._ Morialta,
    South Australia 18 May 1872 aged 59.

  BAKER, JOSEPH. _b._ Great new st. Fetter lane London about 1766; map
    engraver; employed by the Board of Ordnance; a liveryman of
    company of stationers 1787, one of the court of assistants 1825,
    master of the company 1832 and 1833, a stockkeeper for management
    of business concerns of the company 1840 to death. _d._ Warren st.
    Pentonville, London 2 March 1853.

  BAKER, SIR RICHARD (_eld. son of John Baker of Cott house, New
    Totnes, Devon_). _b._ Cott house 1782; army and navy clothier
    Dublin; sheriff of Dublin 1833; knighted by Marquess Wellesley
    1833; alderman of Dublin 1838–41. _d._ Mount Errol, Donnybrook,
    co. Dublin 1 June 1853.

  BAKER, ROBERT. _b._ Terling, Essex Nov 1793; a tenant farmer at
    Writtle; founded Society for protection of agriculture 17 Feb.
    1844; author of _A lecture on the economy of farming_ 1852; edited
    J. S. Bayldon’s _Art of valuing rents and tillages_ 1856. _d._ 24
    Dec. 1859.

  BAKER, ROBERT. Member of medical profession; sub-inspector of
    factories 1834; inspector 18 June 1858; C.B. 27 Oct. 1877. _d._
    Leamington 6 Feb. 1880 in 77 year.

  BAKER, REV. ROBERT GEORGE. Ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1810, M.A.
    1813; V. of Fulham 1834–71; Preb. of St. Paul’s 1846 to death;
    rural dean 1851–71; author of _Account of benefactions and
    charities of Fulham_; _The olden characters of Fulham_ 1847. _d._
    Ivy cottage, Fulham 21 Feb. 1878 in 90 year.

  BAKER, THOMAS. _b._ 8 Oct. 1809; landscape painter in Midland
    counties; known as Baker of Leamington; exhibited at the R.A.
    1831. _d._ 10 Aug. 1869.

  BAKER, THOMAS (_son of a farmer at Old Park, Durham_). A civil
    engineer; invented method of laying down railway curves; laid out
    Stockton and Darlington railway the first line in the kingdom,
    opened 27 Sep. 1825; laid out atmospheric line from Dublin to
    Kingstown, opened 17 Dec. 1834; author of _Rudimentary treatise on
    mensuration_ 1850; _Principles and practice of statics and
    dynamics_ 1851; _The mathematical theory of the steam engine_
    1862. _d._ Charter house hospital London Sep. or Oct. 1871.

  BAKER, THOMAS ELD. _b._ Margate 1791; M.R.C.S. 1813; surgeon Bengal
    army 1814 to 23 Aug. 1838 when he retired; treasurer of Royal
    humane society; author of _The art of preserving health in India_
    1829; _An appeal to the common sense of the people of England in
    favour of anatomy_ 1832. _d._ 76 Porchester Terrace, London 23
    July 1868.

  BAKER, THOMAS PALMER. Chief engineer Chatham dockyard 11 Nov. 1856
    to Dec. 1868 when office abolished; chief inspector of machinery
    afloat 6 July 1866; C.B. 2 June 1869. _d._ 170, Lewisham high
    road, Newcross 6 Oct. 1876 in 69 year.

  BAKER, WILLIAM (_son of Mr. Baker of Eastover, Bridgwater,
    butcher_). _b._ Eastover 3 March 1787; apprenticed to Mr. Tuthill
    of Bridgwater, currier Sep. 1800; worked in London and Glasgow
    1807–1809; a currier in Fore st. Bridgwater 1809; alderman; F.G.S.
    Nov. 1842; sec. to Somersetshire Archæological and natural history
    society. _d._ Bridgwater 8 Oct. 1853. _A brief memoir of Wm. Baker
    by John Bowen_ 1854.

  BAKER, WILLIAM (_elder son of George Wingfield of Cotham who d.
    1774_). Barrister L.I. 23 Nov. 1797, bencher 1818 to death; M.P.
    for Bodmin 1 Nov. 1806 to 29 April 1807; chief justice of Brecon
    circuit; a comr. of bankrupts; K.C. 1818; master in Chancery 19
    March 1819 to March 1849; assumed surname of Baker in lieu of
    Wingfield by R.L. 29 Dec. 1849. _d._ Sherborne castle, Dorset 21
    March 1858.

  BAKER, WILLIAM. _b._ 1784; an attorney in London; coroner for east
    division of Middlesex; author of _A practical compendium of the
    recent statutes, cases and decisions affecting the office of
    coroner_ 1851. _d._ 12 Chester terrace, Regent’s Park 22 Feb.

  BAKER, WILLIAM. _b._ 19 May 1817; articled to G. W. Buck, C.E.
    1834–39; engineer upon southern division of London and north
    western railway 1852–59, chief engineer of that line Oct.
    1859–1878, during which time he carried out a great extent of
    railway works; M.I.C.E. 7 May 1848; member of council 1877 to
    death. _d._ 7 March 1878. _Minutes of proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    lv_, 315–17 (1879).

  BAKER, SIR WILLIAM ERSKINE (_son of Joseph Baker, capt. R.N._) _b._
    Leith 1808; 2 lieut. Bengal engineers 15 Dec. 1826, col.
    commandant 10 March 1857; military sec. at India office 1858;
    member of council of India 1861–1875; general 1 Oct. 1877; placed
    on retired list 29 Nov. 1878; K.C.B. 1 Feb. 1870. (_m._ 1837
    Frances Gertrude 3 dau. of major general A. Duncan). _d._ the
    Castle, Banwell 16 Dec. 1881.

  BAKER, REV. WILLIAM RICHARD. _b._ Waltham abbey, Essex 3 Sep. 1798;
    agent of Home missionary society at Ramsey, Isle of Man 1822–28;
    minister of independent chapel at Shepton Mallet, Somerset
    1828–38; sec. of New British and Foreign Temperance Society
    1838–41; minister of Portland chapel St. John’s Wood, London
    1841–51; a founder of United Kingdom temperance and general
    provident Institution 1840, resident director 1852; author of _The
    curse of Britain_ 1838; _The idolatry of Britain_ 1840; _Our state
    church_ 1850; _Anti-mysticism_ 1855. _d._ Down house near Sutton,
    Surrey 28 Sep. 1861. _Life of the late Rev. W. R. Baker, edited by
    his sister Mrs. E. L. Edmunds_ 1865.

  BALD, ROBERT. _b._ Culross, Perthshire 1776; engaged in the Mar
    collieries; a mining engineer at Edin. about 1820; much employed
    in Scotland, England and Wales; reported on coalfields of Sweden
    for the Swedish government; F.R.S. Edin. 1817; author of _A
    general view of the coal trade of Scotland_ 1812; of the article
    _Mine_ in the _Edinburgh Encyclopædia_ and of many papers. _d._
    Alloa 28 Dec. 1861.

  BALD, WILLIAM, _b._ Burnt Island, Fifeshire; a civil engineer 1803;
    made a territorial survey of co. Mayo about 1810, his map on a
    scale of 4 inches to a mile was one of the finest maps ever
    constructed; a draftsman at the Admiralty; resident engineer to
    trustees of the river Clyde 1839–45; examined the river Seine
    1845. _d._ 1857. _Quarterly journal of Geological Society xiv_,
    42–43 (1858).

  BALDERS, CHARLES WILLIAM MORELY (_eld. son of Charles Morely Balders
    of West Barsham, Norfolk_). _b._ Sunderland 4 Feb. 1804; cornet 3
    dragoons 10 Nov. 1825, and major 1845–48; major 5 dragoon guards
    1848–54; lieut. col. 12 lancers 8 Jany. 1858 to 31 Aug. 1860; col.
    17 lancers 4 Feb. 1867 to death; L.G. 28 Oct. 1869; C.B. 24 May
    1847. _d._ 11 Adelaide crescent, Brighton 21 Sep. 1875.

  BALDERSON, ABRAHAM THOMAS. _b._ 1804; ed. at Guy’s hospital; L.S.A.
    1826; assistant to Sir Astley Cooper 1825–41; examiner of
    lunatics, parish of St. James, Westminster. _d._ 37 Woburn sq.
    London 3 Feb. 1872

  BALDOCK, EDWARD HOLMES. _b._ 1812; M.P. for Shrewsbury 30 July 1847
    to 21 March 1857. _d._ 8 Grosvenor place, London 15 Aug. 1875 from
    effect of walking through a plate glass window in Alexander
    Collie’s house, 12 Kensington palace gardens.

  BALDOCK, ROBERT (_youngest son of Thomas Baldock of Burwash Sussex,
    surgeon_). _b._ Burwash July 1789; bookseller at 85 High Holborn,
    London 1814 to death. _d._ 85 High Holborn 5 Nov. 1861.

  BALDOCK, THOMAS. Midshipman R.N. 25 Oct. 1806; superintended packet
    service at Dover 19 Aug. 1846 to Sep. 1852; captain on h.p. 9
    Jany. 1854; retired R.A. 10 Sep. 1869; K.T.S. 1 May 1837. _d._
    Hastings 11 March 1871 aged 81.

  BALDWIN, AUGUSTUS. Entered navy May 1794: captain 1 Jany. 1817;
    retired admiral 10 Nov. 1862. _d._ Toronto 5 Jany. 1866.

  BALDWIN, CHARLES (_3 son of Henry Baldwin of London, printer, who
    founded the St. James’s Chronicle 1761_). _b._ 1774; sole
    proprietor of _St. James’s Chronicle_ and _Morning Herald_;
    founded the _Standard_ evening paper 21 May 1827, published in it
    the news of the surrender of Varna 11 Oct. 1828 a fortnight before
    arrival of the Government couriers; contested Lambeth Aug. 1837
    and July 1841; master of the Stationers’ company 1842 and 1843;
    retired from business 1844; probably oldest volunteer in the
    kingdom. _d._ 27 Sussex gardens, Hyde park, London 18 Feb. 1869 in
    95 year. _Reg. and mag. of biog. i_, 313–15 (1869).

  BALDWIN, CHARLES BARRY (_eld. son of Charles Baldwin, lieut. col. of
    Kings county militia_). _b._ 1789; barrister I.T. 26 Nov 1824;
    secretary to comrs. for claims on France, sole comr. to 1830; M.P.
    for Totnes 1830–32 and 1839–52. _d._ Paris 13 April 1859.

  BALDWIN, CONNELL JAMES (_son of James Baldwin of Clohina, co.
    Cork_). _b._ Clohina; ensign 87 foot 23 July 1807; captain 50 foot
    10 Feb. 1820 to 22 Feb. 1827 when placed on h.p.; served in the
    Peninsula for which he received a medal and 10 clasps; raised a
    regiment at Cork for Emperor of Brazil but brought the men back
    again on being ordered to the interior of Brazil as settlers; went
    to Canada about 1828; raised a regiment of Militia for defence of
    the frontier in troubles of 1837–38. _d._ Toronto 14 Dec. 1861.
    _H. J. Morgan’s Sketches of eminent Canadians_ (1862) 733–35.

  BALDWIN, EDWARD. _b._ Waterford; a pugilist 6 feet 5 inches in
    height; beaten by Andrew Marsden 21 Oct. 1863; beat George Iles 19
    Feb. 1866; beat A. Marsden 25 Sep. 1866; matched to fight Joseph
    Wormald for Championship 29 April 1867 but forfeited his stakes;
    matched to fight James Mace for Championship 15 Oct. 1867 but Mace
    was arrested; fought J. Wormald at Lynnfield Massachusetts 1868
    for Championship and 2,500 dollars when police interfered, he was
    awarded the stakes as Wormald declined to renew the fight; shot
    dead in the United States Sep. 1875. _Modern Boxing by Pendragon_
    (1879) 83–89; _Illust. Sporting News v_, 97 (1866), _portrait_.

  BALDWIN, GEORGE WALTER. Major 31 foot 1863–64; major 20 foot 1864 to
    death; murdered by Japanese at Kamahura, about 17 miles from
    Yokohama 21 Nov. 1864. _R. Lindau’s Erzählungen und Novellen i_,
    15–54. (1871); _F. O. Adams’s History of Japan i_, 485–98 (1874),
    _ii_, 1–5 (1875).

  BALDWIN, HENRY. Called to bar in Ireland 1826; Q.C. 17 Aug. 1841;
    law adviser of the Castle during state trials 1848–49; comr. of
    insolvent court 1850 to death. _d._ Dublin 24 May 1854.

  BALDWIN, MARTIN. _b._ Coalbrookdale Shropshire 22 Nov. 1788; an
    engine factor at Bradley near Bilston 1809; carried on the Lower
    Bovereux colliery; invented many improvements in the construction
    of engines and machinery. _d._ Newbridge crescent, Wolverhampton
    16 Feb. 1872.

  BALDWIN, ROBERT (_only son of Benjamin Baldwin of Faringdon,
    Berkshire surgeon_). Printer and bookseller in Bridge st.
    Blackfriars 1806–10, and in Paternoster row 1810; united his
    business with that of another firm under name of Baldwin, Cradock
    and Joy; started the _London Magazine_ Jany. 1820, in opposition
    to _Blackwood’s Mag._ transferred it to Messrs. Taylor and Hessey
    1821; became insolvent; a stock keeper of Company of Stationers
    1834 to death. _d._ Cumberland place, Westbourne grove north, 29
    Jany. 1858 aged 78.

  BALDWIN, ROBERT (_son of Wm. Warren Baldwin of Toronto, lawyer who
    d. 8 Jany. 1844_). _b._ Toronto 1804; partner with his father
    1825–48; member of Assembly of Upper Canada 1829; executive
    councillor 18 Feb. 1836 for short time; solicitor general 1840;
    attorney general for Upper Canada Sep. 1842 and Feb. 1848 to July
    1851; C.B. 23 June 1854. _d._ Spadina near Toronto 9 Dec. 1858.
    _H. J. Morgan’s Sketches of eminent Canadians_ (1862) 397–405.

  BALDY, JOHN PATEY. M.R.C.S. 1814; private teacher of anatomy and
    surgery. _d._ 23 Pembroke st. Devonport 6 Sep. 1861 aged 67.

  BALE, CHARLES SACKVILLE. Made a splendid collection of pictures at
    71 Cambridge terrace, Edgeware road, London. _d._ 71 Cambridge
    terrace 28 Nov. 1880 aged 89. _Waagen’s Treasures of art ii_,
    329–32 (1854); _Waagen’s Galleries of art_ (1857) 116–21.

  BALFE, MICHAEL WILLIAM (_only son of Balfe of Dublin, violinist
    1783–1823_). _b._ 10 Pitt st. Dublin 15 May 1808; played the
    violin at a concert in Royal Exchange, Dublin, May 1816; first
    violinist in Drury Lane orchestra 1823; chief baritone at Italian
    opera, Paris 1827–29; sang in Italy 1829–35; lessee of English
    opera house Lyceum 9 March 1841 to 13 May 1841; conductor at Her
    Majesty’s theatre 3 March 1846 to 1852 when house closed; went to
    St. Petersburg 1852; purchased Rowney Abbey, Ware, Herts and
    turned gentleman farmer 1864; chevalier of Legion of honour 22
    March 1870; composed _Rivals_ 1829, _Siege of Rochelle_ 1835,
    _Bohemian Girl_ 1843 (produced at Drury Lane 27 Nov. 1843,
    performed in almost every European country), _Rose of Castille_
    1857, _Puritan’s daughter_ 1861, _Il Talismano_ produced at Her
    Majesty’s theatre 1874; arranged _Moore’s Irish Melodies_ as duets
    and quartets. (_m._ Lina Rozer a Hungarian prima donna). _d._
    Rowney Abbey 20 Oct. 1870. _Balfe, his life and work by W. A.
    Barrett_ 1882, _portrait_; _A memoir of M. W. Balfe by C. L.
    Kenny_ 1875; _Illust. Review v_, 671–77, _portrait_;
    _Recollections of J. R. Planché i_, 241 (1872), _portrait by

      NOTE.—A statue of him was placed in the vestibule of Drury
      Lane theatre 24 Sep. 1874, his memorial window in St.
      Patrick’s cathedral, Dublin, was uncovered 14 April 1879, and
      his memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey was unveiled 20 Oct.

  BALFE, VICTOIRE (_2 dau. of the preceding_). _b._ Rue de la
    Victoire, Paris 1 Sep. 1837; made her first appearance in London
    at Lyceum Theatre 28 May 1857 as Amina in opera of _La
    Sonnambula_; sang with great success in England, Italy and at St.
    Petersburg 1857–59. (_m._ (1) 31 March 1860 Sir John Fiennes
    Twisleton Crampton 2 Baronet, marriage was annulled on her
    petition 20 Nov. 1863, she _m._ (2) 1864 Duc de Frias and _d._
    Madrid 22 Jany. 1871.) _bur._ Burgos cathedral. _Illust. news of
    the world iii_, 328 (1859), _portrait_; _I.L.N. xxxi_, 116 (1857),
    _portrait, lviii_, 115 (1871).

  BALFOUR, BLAYNEY TOWNLEY. _b._ 28 May 1769; sheriff of Louth 1792;
    M.P. for Belturbet in Irish parliament 1797–98. _d._ Townley hall
    near Drogheda 22 Dec. 1856.

  BALFOUR, BLAYNEY TOWNLEY (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ 1799;
    lieutenant governor of the Bahamas 1833 to 1834; sheriff of co.
    Louth 1841. _d._ Townley hall 5 Sep. 1882.

  BALFOUR, CLARA LUCAS (_dau. of Mr. Liddell_). _b._ in the New Forest
    21 Dec. 1808; signed the pledge at a chapel in St. George’s road,
    Pimlico 16 Oct. 1837 being the 9th person to do so in Chelsea
    district; edited _Temperance Beacon_ and _Teetotal Magazine_; a
    public lecturer 1841–70; author of _Women of Scripture_ 1850;
    _Happy evenings_ 1851, _3 ed._ 1877; _Sketches of English
    literature_ 1852; _Moral heroism_ 1854, _new ed._ 1877; _Family
    Honour_ 1880; wrote in many periodicals. (_m._ 1828 James
    Balfour). _d._ London road, Croydon 3 July 1878. _Home makers by
    the late Mrs. C. L. Balfour with a biographical sketch of the
    author by the Rev. C. Bullock_ 1878, _portrait_.

  BALFOUR, FRANCIS MAITLAND (_3 son of James Maitland Balfour of
    Whittingham, East Lothian 1820–56_). _b._ Queen st. Edinburgh 11
    Nov. 1851; ed. at Harrow 1865–70 and Trin. coll. Cam.; natural
    science scholar 1871; B.A. 1873, M.A. 1877; studied at Professor
    Dohrn’s Zoological station, Naples; fellow of his college Oct.
    1874 and lecturer on natural science 1875; F.R.S. 1878, member of
    council 1881 to death, royal medallist 1881; pres. of Cambridge
    Philosophical society Nov. 1881; professor of Animal Morphology in
    Univ. of Cam. 31 May 1882 to death; LLD. Glasgow 1880; edited with
    E. R. Lankester _The quarterly journal of Microscopical science_;
    author of _Monograph on the development of Elasmobranch fishes_
    1878; _Treatise on Comparative Embryology_ _2 vols._ 1880–81; left
    Courmayeur 18 July 1882 to ascend Aiguille Blanche a peak of Mont
    Blanc his body was found 23 July on Fresnay glacier at foot of the
    Penteret. _bur._ at Whittingham 5 Aug. 1882. _Fortnightly Review
    xxxii_, 568–80 (1882); I.L.N. lxxxi, 197 (1882), _portrait_;
    _Report of British Assoc. 1882 meeting pp._ 555–58.

  BALFOUR, JAMES. _b._ Russell st. Covent Garden 16 Oct. 1796; served
    in the navy 5 years; a temperance advocate in London many years;
    employed in the Ways and Means office of House of Commons 1853.
    (_m._ 1828 Clara Lucas Liddell). _d._ London road, Croydon 22 Dec.

  BALFOUR, JAMES MELVILLE (_youngest son of Rev. Lewis Balfour,
    minister of Colinton near Edin. who d. 24 April 1860 aged 82._)
    _b._ Manse of Colinton 2 June 1831; ed. at high school and Univ.
    of Edin; marine engineer to province of Otago, New Zealand 1863–65
    and to government of N.Z. 1865 to death; invented the Refraction
    Protractor for lighthouses; designed many lighthouses in N.Z.,
    also the dry dock at Port Chalmers; M.I.C.E. 15 May 1866; drowned
    off Timaru N.Z. 18 Dec. 1869. _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    xxxi_, 200–202 (1871.)

  BALFOUR, JOHN HUTTON. _b._ 15 Buccleuch place, Edin. 15 Sep. 1808;
    ed. at high school and Univ. of Edin., M.D. 1832, M.A., LLD.;
    apprenticed to Sir George Ballingall; a pres. of Royal Medical
    Society 1831–33; LLD. Glasgow and St. Andrew’s; M.R.C.S. Edin.
    1833, F.R.C.S. 1835; practised at Edin. 1834–41; Botanical Society
    of Edin. was founded at his house 15 Dundas st. 8 Feb. 1836; a
    lecturer on botany in Surgeon sq. 1840; professor of botany in
    Univ. of Glasgow 1841, and in Univ. of Edin. 22 Oct. 1845 to Feb.
    1879; regius keeper of Royal botanic garden, and Queen’s botanist
    for Scotland 1845–79; F.R.S. Edinburgh 1835, F.L.S. 1844, F.R.S. 5
    June 1856; dean of the Medical faculty; an editor of _Annals of
    natural history_ 1842–57 and of _Edinburgh New philosophical
    journal_ 1855–66; author of _Class book of botany_ 1854, _5 ed._
    1875; _Introduction to study of Palæontological botany_ 1872. _d._
    Inverleith house, Edin. 11 Feb. 1884. _The Biograph i_, 430–38

  BALFOUR, LOWRY VESEY TOWNLEY. _b._ 1819; secretary of the order of
    St. Patrick 1853 to death. _d._ Dublin 12 Feb. 1878.

  BALFOUR, ROBERT FREDERICK. _b._ Balbirnie Fifeshire 30 April 1846;
    ensign Grenadier guards 9 Aug. 1865; major 1 April 1882 to death;
    served in Egypt 1882; wounded at battle of Tel-el-Kebir 9 Sep.
    1882. _d._ 24 Belgrave sq. London 23 Oct. 1882. _I.L.N. lxxxi_,
    497 (1882), _portrait_; _Graphic xxvi_, 605 (1882), _portrait_.

  BALGUY, JOHN (_eld. son of John Balguy of Darwent hall, Derbyshire,
    recorder of Derby who d. 14 Sep. 1833_). _b._ 14 Sep. 1782;
    barrister M.T. 14 June 1805, bencher 1833; recorder of Derby 1830
    to death; Q.C. 1833; chairman of Derbyshire quarter sessions 1837;
    bankruptcy comr. at Birmingham 21 Oct. 1842 to death. _d._
    Duffield hall near Derby 16 Dec. 1858.

  BALL, CHARLES ASHBY. _b._ Albury, Surrey 1809; entered the paper
    business 1826; purchased with his father the Guerres works near
    Dieppe 1829; founded the Doullens works 1836; purchased the
    Valvernes works near Dieppe; manufactured paper from esparto and
    bleached straw; founded the Fort Andemer works 1844; sold his
    business to La Compagnie des Establishments de la Risle 1869;
    perfected many important improvements in manufacture of paper.
    _d._ Sainte Addresse near Havre 27 March 1885.

  BALL, FRANCES (_6 and youngest child of John Ball of Dublin,
    merchant who d. 1808_). _b._ Eccles st. Dublin 9 Jany. 1794;
    joined the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Mickle Bar
    convent York 11 June 1814; introduced this Institution into
    Ireland 1821; assumed name of Sister Mary Theresa 8 Sep. 1814;
    founded in various parts of the world 37 convents tenanted by
    about 800 nuns. _d._ Rathfarnham Abbey near Dublin 19 May 1861.
    _Life by H. J. Coleridge_ 1881, _portrait_; _Life by Wm. Hutch,
    D.D._ 1879.

  BALL, NICHOLAS (_son of John Ball of Dublin, silk mercer_). _b._
    Dublin 1791; ed. at Stonyhurst and Trin. coll. Dub., B.A. 1812;
    called to Irish bar 1814; K.C. 1830; bencher of King’s Inns 1836;
    M.P. for Clonmel 1836–39; third Serjeant at law 10 Nov. 1836 to 11
    July 1838; attorney general 11 July 1838 to 23 Feb. 1839; P.C.
    Ireland 1838; justice of Irish Court of Common Pleas 23 Feb. 1839
    to death. _d._ 85 Stephens Green, Dublin 15 Jany. 1865.

  BALL, RICHARD. Lived at Bridgewater, Bristol and Taunton
    successively; a Friend; joined the Plymouth Brethren; author of
    _Holy Scripture the test of truth_ 1835; _Christianity in China_
    1850; _Horæ Sabbaticæ or the Sabbatic cycle the divine
    chronometer_ 1853. _d._ Aberdeen terrace, Clifton 10 May 1862 aged
    68. _Smith’s Friends’ Books i_, 161–63 (1867).

  BALL, ROBERT (_son of Bob Stawel Ball_). _b._ Cove of Cork 1 April
    1802; clerk in under secretary’s office in Dublin 1827–52; F.R.S.
    Dublin 1834; M.R.I.A. 23 Feb. 1835, treasurer 1845 to death;
    member of Geol. soc. of Ireland 1835, pres. 1852; sec. to
    Zoological society of Dub. 1837 to death; director of museum of
    Trinity college Dub. 1844, presented his valuable private
    collection to the college; hon. LLD. Dub. 1850; sec. to Queen’s
    Univ. in Ireland 1851; founded University zoological and botanical
    association 1853. (_m._ 21 Sep. 1837 Amelia Gresley dau. of Thomas
    Hellicar of Bristol, merchant, she was granted a civil list
    pension of £100 4 Oct. 1858). _d._ Dublin 30 March 1857. _Natural
    history review v_, 1–34 (1858), _portrait_.

  BALL, SAMUEL. Member of East India Company’s establishment at Canton
    1804–26; author of _Observations on expediency of opening a second
    port in China_ 1817; _An account of the cultivation and
    manufacture of tea in China_ 1848. _d._ Sion house, Wolverley 5
    March 1874 in 94 year.

  BALL, THOMAS GERRARD (_son of Abraham Ball of Chester_). _b._
    Chester 24 Jany. 1791; served in navy 1801–1807; ensign 34 foot 17
    Sep. 1807; lieut. col. 8 foot 2 Oct. 1835 to 25 Oct. 1842 when
    placed on h.p.; col. 46 foot 24 April 1860 and of 8 foot 17 June
    1861 to death; general 10 Jany. 1870. _d._ 7 Stanley place,
    Chester 18 Dec. 1881.

  BALL, WILLIAM (_son of Richard Ball of Bridgwater who d. 1834_).
    _b._ Bridgwater 1 Jany. 1801; solicitor at Bristol 1828–35; a
    minister of Society of Friends 1846 to death. (_m._ 1834 Anne
    Dale, she _d._ 1861). Author of _Nugæ Sacræ or psalms and hymns
    and spiritual songs_ [_anon._] 1825; _The Transcript and other
    poems_ 1855; _Hymns or lyrics_ 1864; _Verses composed since 1870_,
    1875. _d._ at an hotel in Aberdeen 30 July 1878. _Annual Monitor
    for 1879 pp._ 8–54.

  BALL, WILLIAM. _b._ 1785; composed hundreds of comic and sentimental
    songs, his song _Jack’s lament for the loss of his tail_ was one
    of the most popular songs of the day ever written; his Drawing
    room concerts in 1829 were very successful; adapted to English
    words librettos of Masses of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, Mozart’s
    _Requiem_, Spohr’s _God thou art great_, Rossini’s _Stabat Mater_
    and Mendelssohn’s _St. Paul_ and _Lobgesang_; edited with N. Mori
    _The musical gem_, _2 vols._ 1831–32; edited _The London Spring
    annual lyrical and pictorial_ 1834. _d._ London 14 May 1869.

  BALL, SIR WILLIAM KEITH, 2 Baronet (_only child of Sir Alexander
    John Ball, 1 Baronet_). _b._ Greenwich 27 Oct. 1791; succeeded 25
    Oct. 1809. _d._ Spernall hall, Warwickshire 9 March 1874.

  BALL-HUGHES, EDWARD HUGHES (_said to be son of a slop seller in
    Ratcliffe highway, London_). _b._ 1799. Ed. at Eton and Trin.
    coll. Cam.; cornet 7 hussars 28 Aug. 1817 to 11 Feb. 1819 when
    placed on h.p.; took additional name of Hughes by royal license 7
    Aug. 1819 on coming into a fortune of £40,000 per annum from his
    uncle Admiral Sir Edward Hughes; one of the leading dandies of his
    day, known as the Golden Ball; lost £45,000 in one night at
    Wattier’s club, Piccadilly 1819, lost three quarters of his
    fortune at play, the greatest gambler of his day; bought Oatlands
    near Weybridge 1827, which he sold to Lord Francis Egerton; lived
    at St. Germain near Paris for some years before his death. (_m._
    22 March 1823 Mercandotti the opera dancer, natural dau. or
    protégée of 4 Earl of Fife, she was then aged 16). _d._ St.
    Germain 13 March 1863. _R. H. Gronow’s Celebrities_ (1865) 112–17.

  BALLANTINE, JAMES. _b._ The West Port, Edinburgh 11 June 1808; a
    house painter at Edin. 1830; one of the first to revive the art of
    glass painting; executed the 12 stained glass windows in the House
    of Lords, Westminster, representing kings and queens both regnant
    and consort of the U.K.; sec. of committee of Burns centenary
    1859; grand bard of Scottish Grand lodge of Freemasons about 1862
    to death; contributed about 50 songs to _Whistle-Binkie or the
    piper of the party_ 1832; author of _The Gaberlunzie’s wallet_
    1843; _A treatise on painted glass_ 1845; _Poems_ 1856; _Chronicle
    of the hundredth birthday of Robert Burns_ 1859, which contains
    reports of 872 Burns’ centenary meetings held all over the world
    25 Jany. 1859; _The Provost’s daughter_, a musical farce in 2 acts
    performed at T.R. Edin. 1855; _The Gaberlunzie_, a drama in 3 acts
    1858. _d._ Warrender lodge, Edinburgh 18 Dec. 1877.
    _Whistle-Binkie ii, xiv-xxvii_ (1878); _History of the lodge of
    Edinburgh by D. M. Lyons_ (1873) 50, 363, _portrait_.

  BALLANTINE, WILLIAM. Barrister I.T. 5 Feb. 1813; magistrate at
    Thames police court 1821–48. _d._ 89 Cadogan place, Chelsea 14
    Dec. 1852 in 74 year. _I.L.N. ix_, 317 (1846), _portrait_.

  BALLANTYNE, JAMES ROBERT. _b._ Kelso 13 Dec. 1813; ed. at Edinburgh
    new academy and college; teacher of Hindi and Sanskrit at Naval
    and military academy Edin. 1839; principal of College of Benares
    1845–61; librarian of India office library Cannon row, Westminster
    1861 to death; author of _Lectures on the sub-divisions of
    knowledge, Sanskrit and English_ 1848; _The Mahabhashya or great
    commentary on the aphorisms of Panini_ 1856; _Christianity
    contrasted with Hindu philosophy_ 1859 and 14 other works. _d._ 16
    Feb. 1864. _Journal of Royal Asiatic Society i, v-vii_ (1865).

  BALLANTYNE, ROBERT MICHAEL. _b._ Edinburgh 24 April 1825; in the
    Hudson Bay Company’s service 1841–47; author of _Hudson’s Bay or
    every day life in the wilds of North America_ 1848, 3 ed. 1859;
    _Coral island, a tale of the Pacific ocean_ 1857; _Deep down, a
    tale of the Cornish mines_ 1868, and many other tales. _d._ 1871.

  BALLANTYNE, THOMAS. _b._ Paisley 1806, a weaver there; edited
    _Bolton Free Press_; edited _Manchester Guardian_; printer,
    publisher and one of the 4 original proprietors of _Manchester
    Examiner_; editor of _Liverpool Journal_ and _Liverpool Mercury_;
    edited the _Leader_ in London; started the _Statesman_, edited it
    till its close; edited _St. James’s Chronicle_; author of
    _Passages selected from writings of T. Carlyle_ 1855; _Essays in
    mosaic_ 1870. _d._ Tufnell park, Holloway 30 Aug. 1871.

  BALLARD, EDWARD GEORGE (_only child of Edward Bollard, alderman of
    Salisbury who d. 6 March 1827_). _b._ Salisbury 29 April 1791;
    clerk in the Stamp and Excise offices London 1809–17; wrote most
    of the poetry and critiques for the _Weekly Review_; author of _A
    new series of original poems_ [_anon._] 1825; _Microscopic
    amusements_ 1829; wrote part of a continuation of _Strype’s
    Ecclesiastical annals_ in _The Surplice_ weekly paper 1848. _d._
    Compton terrace, Islington 14 Feb. 1860.

  BALLARD, JOHN ARCHIBALD. _b._ 1829; 2 lieut. Bombay Engineers 8 Dec.
    1848 and lieut. col. 10 Nov. 1869 to 31 Dec. 1878; lieut. col.
    Turkish army 1854; served in campaigns on the Danube 1854–55, in
    Crimea 1855, and in Mingrelia 1855–56; assistant quartermaster
    general of Persian expeditionary force 1856–57, and of Rajpootana
    field force and Malwa division in Indian mutiny 1858–59; C.B. 10
    May 1856; mint master Bombay 1862–78; general 31 Dec. 1878. _d._
    Pass of Thermopylæ near Livadia Greece 1 April 1880.

  BALLARD, THOMAS. _b._ Mayfair London; studied at St. George’s
    hospital; fellow of Royal Med. and Chir. society 1849; author of
    _New and rational explanation of the diseases peculiar to infants
    and mothers_ 1860; _On the convulsive diseases of infants_ 1863;
    _An enquiry into constitutional syphilis in the infant_ 1874. _d._
    10 Southwick place, Hyde park 11 Sep. 1874 aged 56.

  BALLINGALL, DAVID JAMES. Midshipman R.N.; served at Copenhagen 1801;
    2 lieut. R.M. 1 July 1803; col. commandant 19 Nov. 1851 to 10
    Jany. 1852 when he retired on full pay. _d._ Southsea 31 March

  BALLINGALL, SIR GEORGE (_son of Rev. Robert Ballingall, minister of
    Forglen, Banffshire_). _b._ in the manse of Forglen 2 May 1780;
    ed. at Univs. of St. Andrews and Edin.; M.D. Edin. 1803, M.R.C.S.
    Edin. 15 Aug. 1820; assistant surgeon 1 foot 10 July 1806; surgeon
    of 33 foot 1815–18 when placed on h.p., retired 1831; professor of
    military surgery in Univ. of Edin. 18 Jany. 1823 to death;
    knighted by Wm. iv at St. James’s palace 4 Aug. 1830; F.R.S.;
    author of _Introductory lectures to a course of military surgery_
    1830; _Outlines of military surgery, 5 ed._ 1855. _d._ Altamont
    near Blairgowrie 4 Dec. 1855.

  BALNEAVIS, HENRY. Ensign 16 foot 3 Jany. 1797; captain 27 foot
    1805–24 when placed on h.p.; L.G. 20 June 1854; colonel 65 foot 18
    Jany. 1855 to death; C.M.G. 17 July 1833; K.H. 1836. _d._ Malta 17
    July 1857 aged 77.

  BALVAIRD, WILLIAM. Major Rifle brigade 1814–18; major 99 foot
    1824–26, retired from the army 27 Aug. 1841; C.B. 26 Sep. 1831.
    _d._ Edinburgh 7 Sep. 1853.

  BALY, WILLIAM. _b._ Lynn, Norfolk 1814; L.S.A. 1834, M.R.C.S. 1834;
    studied in Paris, Heidelberg and Berlin; M.D. Berlin 1836;
    practised in London 1836; L.R.C.P. 1841, F.R.C.P. 1846, a censor
    1858; phys. to Milbank penitentiary 1841–60; lecturer on forensic
    medicine at St. Bartholomew’s hospital 1841–54, assistant phys.
    there 1854 and lecturer on medicine 1855; Gulstonian lecturer Feb.
    1847; F.R.S. 15 April 1847; phys. extraordinary to the Queen 18
    April 1859; member of general council of medical education and
    registration 1 Aug. 1860 to death; author with W. S. Kirke of
    _Advances in physiology of motion_ 1848, and with W. G. Gull of
    _Reports on epidemic cholera_ 1854; killed in the train on the
    South Western railway about 7 miles from London at the junction
    with the Epsom line 28 Jany. 1861. _Medical Critic ii_, 334–40
    (1861); _I.L.N. xxxviii_, 111, 122 (1861), _portrait_.

  BAMFORD, SAMUEL. _b._ Middleton 28 Feb. 1788; ed. at Manchester gr.
    sch.; a handloom weaver at Middleton; secretary to the Hampden
    club at Middleton 1816; examined before Privy Council on a charge
    of high treason April 1817 when set free with a warning; took part
    in reform meeting at Peterloo 16 Aug. 1819, tried at York assizes
    March 1820 when found guilty of a seditious misdemeanour,
    sentenced in Court of King’s Bench, London 15 May 1820 to 1 year’s
    imprisonment in Lincoln gaol; employed in Inland Revenue Office
    London 1849–58; author of _Miscellaneous poetry_ 1821; _Passages
    in the life of a Radical 2 vols._ 1840–44; _Early days_ 1849 _2
    ed._ 1859; _Walks in South Lancashire 2 vols._; _Talk o Seawth
    Lankeshur by Samhul Beamfort_ 1850, in this volume he professes to
    correct the dialect in Tim Bobbin; _Life of Amos Ogden of
    Middleton_ 1853. _d._ Moston, Harpurhey near Manchester 13 April
    1872; monument in Middleton cemetery, unveiled 6 Oct. 1877. _F.
    Espinasse’s Lancashire Worthies 2 series_ 1877, _pp._ 462–91;
    _Procter’s Memorials of bygone Manchester_ (1881) 220–25.

  BAMFORD, WILLIAM. Surgeon at Rugely Staffs 1803 to death; one of
    principal witnesses at trial of Wm. Palmer the poisoner 1856. _d._
    Rugely 17 April 1859 in 84 year.

  BAMPTON, AUGUSTUS HAMILTON. _b._ London 13 March 1823; civil
    engineer at Plymouth 1844; chief surveyor to the corporation
    1849–54; engineer to South Devon and Tavistock railway 1852 to
    death; M.I.C.E. 1849; author of _The drainage of towns_ 1849. _d._
    North hill Devon 4 March 1857. _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    xvii_, 92–94 (1858).

  BANCALARI, PETER. _b._ 1806; a noted cricket, umpire at Oxford many
    years. _d._ Oxford 31 Oct. 1869.

  BANDINEL, REV. BULKELEY (_eld. son of Rev. James Bandinel V. of
    Netherbury Dorset who d. 25 Nov. 1804 aged 92_). _b._ Oxford 21
    Feb. 1781; ed. at Reading and Winchester; scholar of New college
    Ox. 1800, fellow, B.A. 1805, M.A. 1807, B.D. and D.D. 1823;
    chaplain in the Victory 1808; under librarian Bodleian library Ox.
    1810, librarian 25 Aug. 1813 to Sep. 1860; published Catalogue of
    the printed books _4 vols._ 1843–50; proctor Univ. of Ox. 1814; R.
    of Haughton-le-Skerne, Durham 1823–60; author of _Catalogue of
    books relating to British topography and Saxon and Norman
    literature bequeathed to the Bodleian library by Richard Gough_
    1814; author with John Caley and Henry Ellis of new editions of
    _Dugdale’s Monasticon Anglicanum_ 1817–30 crown folio 6 vols. in
    8, and 1846, folio, _8 vols;_ edited _Clarendon’s History of the
    rebellion_ 1826. _d._ Oxford 6 Feb. 1861.

  BANDON, JAMES BERNARD, 2 Earl of (_eld. son of Francis Bernard 1
    Earl of Bandon 1755–1830_). _b._ Castle Bernard, Bandon co. Cork
    14 June 1785; ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.; M.A. 1806; M.P. for
    Bandon 1820–26 and 1830; succeeded as 2 Earl 26 Nov. 1830;
    recorder of Bandon; a representative peer of Ireland 31 July 1835;
    lord lieutenant of Cork 1842; F.R.S. 5 June 1845. _d._ Castle
    Bernard 31 Oct. 1856.

  BANDON, FRANCIS BERNARD, 3 Earl of (_eld. son of the preceding_).
    _b._ Grosvenor st. London 3 Jany. 1810; ed. at Eton and Oriel
    coll. Ox., B.A. 1830, M.A. 1834; M.P. for Bandon 1831–32 and
    1842–56; a representative peer of Ireland 21 Aug. 1858; lord
    lieutenant of Cork 2 Nov. 1874. _d._ Castle Bernard 17 Feb. 1877.

  BANGOR, EDWARD WARD, 4 Viscount. _b._ London 23 Feb. 1827; succeeded
    1 Aug. 1837; ed. at Eton and Trin. coll. Cam., M.A. 1848;
    representative peer for Ireland 9 Jany. 1855. _d._ Brighton 14
    Sep. 1881.

  BANIM, MICHAEL (_eld. son of Michael Banim of Kilkenny,
    shopkeeper_). _b._ Kilkenny 5 Aug. 1796, postmaster there 1852–73;
    contributed _Crohoore_, _The Croppy_, _The ghost hunter_, _The
    mayor of Windgap_, _Father Connell_ and other tales to _The tales
    by the O’Hara family 24 vols._ _d._ Booterstown, co. Dublin 30
    Aug. 1874. _P. J. Murray’s Life of John Banim_ 1857.

  BANKES, GEORGE (_3 son of Henry Bankes of Kingston hall, Dorset
    1757–1834_). _b._ 1788. Ed. at Westminster and Trin. hall, Cam.;
    fellow; LL.B. 1812; bankruptcy comr. 1822; recorder of Weymouth 25
    Aug. 1823; cursitor Baron of the Exchequer 6 July 1824 to death
    when office abolished; M.P. for Corfe Castle 1816–23 and 1826–32
    and for Dorset 1841 to death; sec. to Board of control 2 May 1829
    to 16 Feb. 1830 and comr. of same board 24 Feb. 1830 to 6 Dec.
    1830; a junior lord of the Treasury 24 April to 24 Nov. 1830; P.C.
    27 Feb. 1852; judge advocate general 28 Feb. to Dec. 1852; author
    of _The story of Corfe Castle and of many who have lived there_
    1853. _d._ 5 Old palace yard Westminster 6 July 1856. _Waagen’s
    Galleries of art_ (1857) 374–83; _I.L.N. xxiv_, 97 (1854).

  BANKES, WILLIAM JOHN (_elder brother of the preceding_). Ed. at
    Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1808, M.A. 1811; M.P. for Truro 1810–12,
    for Cambridge Univ. 1821–25, for Marlborough 1829–32 and for
    Dorset 1833–34; a great friend of Lord Byron; travelled in the
    East with Giovanni Finati whose life he translated from the
    Italian _2 vols._ 1830. _d._ Venice 15 April 1855. _A.R._ 1826

  BANKHEAD, CHARLES. _b._ Antrim; ed. at Londonderry and Univ. of
    Edin., M.D. 24 June 1790; surgeon to the Londonderry militia;
    L.C.P. 25 June 1807; practised at Brighton; physician
    extraordinary to Prince Regent 24 Feb. 1816, removed to London;
    physician extraordinary to George 4th 30 March 1821; practised
    many years at Florence. _d._ Florence 26 Nov. 1859 in 92 year.

  BANKHEAD, CHARLES. Minister plenipotentiary to Mexican republic 24
    Nov. 1843 to 6 April 1851. _d._ 8 St. James’s st. London 11 March

  BANKS, GEORGE LINNÆUS (_4 son of John Banks of Birmingham,
    horticulturist_). _b._ Bull Ring, Birmingham 2 March 1821; began
    lecturing 29 Dec. 1846; promoted Mechanics’ Institutes in
    Yorkshire and Durham; edited the Advertiser at Harrogate 1848,
    Mercury at Birmingham, Daily Express at Dublin, Chronicle at
    Durham, Royal Standard at Windsor, and the Sussex Mercury 1864;
    wrote the popular negro melody _Dandy Jim of Caroline_; author of
    _Blossoms of poesy_ 1841; _Staves for the human ladder, poems_
    1850; _All about Shakspere_ 1864; _The Swiss father_ a drama
    produced at T.R. Liverpool 1846 and _Better late than never_ a
    comedy produced at Durham theatre 1858. _d._ Dalston, London 3 May
    1881. _Illustrated Review vi_, 261–63, _portrait_.

  BANKS, JOHN. _b._ 1 Sep. 1752 at 11.30 p._m._, a period marked by
    the change of style which conducted him 11 days onward in his
    journey half an hour after his birth. _d._ Easingwold 24 Nov.

  BANKS, JOHN SHERBROOKE. _b._ 1811; ensign 33 Bengal N.I. 1829, major
    1857 to death; succeeded Sir Henry Lawrence as chief comr. of
    Lucknow; shot through the head while examining an outpost at
    Lucknow 21 July or 1 Aug. 1857.

  BANKS, THOMAS CHRISTOPHER (_eld. child of Thomas Banks one of the
    gentlemen pensioners_). Genealogist at 5 Lyons Inn London 1813–20,
    at the dormant peerage office John st. Pall Mall 1820; sent to
    North America by Alexander Humphrys to publish his rights as Earl
    of Stirling and to search for evidence 1826, returned 1828, sent
    to Ireland 1828–29, created baronet by Humphrys 1831 but resigned
    the rank about 1834; knight of holy order of St. John of
    Jerusalem; author of _Dormant and extinct baronage of England 3
    vols._ 1807–1809; _History of the ancient noble family of Marmyun_
    1817; _Stemmata Anglicana_ 1825. _d._ Greenwich 30 Sep. 1854 in 90
    year. _T. C. Banks’s Baronia Anglica vol. i_, (1844), _preface_;
    _S. Warren’s Miscellanies ii_, 169–291 (1855); _G.M. xliii_,
    206–208 (1855).

  BANKS, WILLIAM STOTT. _b._ Wakefield, March 1820; admitted solicitor
    Jany. 1851; partner with J. M. Ianson at Wakefield 1853; clerk to
    the borough justices March 1870 to death; author of _List of
    provincial words in use at Wakefield_ 1865; _Walks in Yorkshire 2
    vols._ 1866–72. _d._ Northgate, Wakefield 25 Dec. 1872. _Yorkshire
    Archæol. and Topog. Journal ii_, 459–60 (1873).

  BANNAN, JOSEPH. A schoolmaster at Plymouth down to 1832 when his
    school was ruined by the cholera; edited the _South Devon Monthly
    Museum_ 7 vols., Plymouth 1833–36; cashier and chief accountant of
    the _Western Times_ newspaper at Exeter 1836 to death. _d._ Exeter
    28 May 1865 aged 60.

  BANNATYNE, ANDREW (_eld. son of Dugald Bannatyne of Glasgow,
    merchant_). _b._ 1798; ed. at Univs. of Glasgow and Heidelberg;
    member of faculty of procurators in Glasgow; dean of the faculty;
    member of University court Glasgow. _d._ 1871.

  BANNATYNE, REV. ARCHIBALD. _b._ Rothesay; licensed by presbytery of
    Ayr 1835; minister at Oban 1842–53 and at John Knox’s Free church
    Glasgow 1853 to death. _d._ 18 May 1863. _Truth in love, a few
    memorials of the Rev. Archibald Bannatyne_ 1864.

  BANNER, REV. BENJAMIN HOLFORD. _b._ 26 Nov. 1798; ed. at Merchant
    Taylor’s and St. John’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1821, M.A. 1824; precentor
    of Cashel 26 Aug. 1826 to death; chancellor of Emly, Tipperary 2
    April 1835 to death. _d._ 1874.

  BANNERMAN, SIR ALEXANDER (_son of Thomas Bannerman of Aberdeen, wine
    merchant who d. Jany. 1820 aged 77_). _b._ Aberdeen 7 Oct. 1788,
    shipowner, merchant and banker there; M.P. for Aberdeen 1832–47;
    dean of faculty in Marischal college Aberdeen 1837; a comr. of
    Greenwich hospital 1841; governor of Prince Edward island 3 Feb.
    1851, of the Bahamas 8 May 1854 and of Newfoundland 9 Feb. 1857 to
    1863; knighted by the Queen at Buckingham palace 3 Feb. 1851. _d._
    Louth cottage, Chorley 30 Dec. 1864. _I.L.N. xix_, 236 (1851),

  BANNERMAN, SIR ALEXANDER, 9 Baronet. _b._ Aberdeen 6 April 1823;
    succeeded 18 June 1851. _d._ 46 Grosvenor place, London 21 April

  BANNERMAN, SIR CHARLES, 8 Baronet. _b._ 18 Aug. 1782; succeeded 31
    May 1840. _d._ Clarges st. Piccadilly, London 18 June 1851.

  BANNERMAN, REV. JAMES (_son of Rev. James Patrick Bannerman,
    minister of Cargill, Perthshire_). _b._ manse of Cargill 9 April
    1807; ed. at Univ. of Edin., M.A. 1826; minister of Ormiston,
    Midlothian 1833–43 when he left the Established for the Free
    church; professor of apologetics and pastoral theology in New
    college Edin. 1849 to death; took a leading part in Free church
    movement; D.D. Princeton college New Jersey 1850; author of _The
    prevalent forms of unbelief_ 1849; _Apologetical theology_ 1851;
    _Inspiration_ 1865; _The Church 2 vols._ 1868. _d._ Edinburgh 27
    March 1868.

  BANNISTER, CHARLES WILLIAM (_son of Charles George Bannister of
    London, solicitor 1796–1858_). _b._ 1826; ed. at Charterhouse;
    captain 2 Bombay light cavalry 24 April 1854 to 10 April 1861;
    governor of Maidstone gaol. _d._ 20 April 1874.

  BANNISTER, REV. JOHN (_son of David Bannister of York 1788–1854_).
    _b._ York 25 Feb. 1816; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub., B.A. 1844, M.A.
    1853, LL.B. and LLD. 1866; P.C. of Bridgehill, Derbyshire 1846–57;
    P.C. of St. Day, Cornwall 13 Dec. 1857 to death; author of _A
    glossary of Cornish names, 20,000 Celtic and other names now or
    formerly in use in Cornwall with derivations and significations_
    (1871). _d._ St. Day 30 Aug. 1873. _Bibl. Cornub. i_, 9 (1874),
    _iii_, 1047 (1882).

  BANNISTER, SAXE. _b._ Bidlington house Steyning, Sussex 27 June
    1790; ed. at Lewes, Tunbridge and Queen’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1813,
    M.A. 1815; raised a company and volunteered for the army 1813;
    captain on h.p. 25 Dec. 1813; barrister L.I. 25 Nov. 1819;
    attorney general of New South Wales 5 April 1824 to April 1826
    when removed from office; printed a statement of his ‘claims’ 1853
    after presenting many petitions to the Government; gentleman bedel
    of Royal College of Physicians London 1849–50; author of _Records
    of British enterprise beyond sea vol. 1_ 1849; _William Paterson,
    his life and trials_ 1858; _The writings of Wm. Paterson 3 vols._
    1859; _Classical and prehistoric influences upon British history,
    2 ed._ 1871. _d._ Thornton lodge, Thornton Heath 16 Sep. 1877.
    _Dict. of Nat. Biog. iii_, 142 (1885).

  BANON, AWLY PATRICK. F.R.C.S. Ireland 1844, vice president June 1866
    to death; M.D. St. Andrew’s 1851; F.R.C.P. Edin. 1852; author of
    _Observations on hermaphroditism illustrated by a remarkable case_
    1852. _d._ 37 Fitzwilliam sq. Dublin 28 May 1867.

  BANTING, WILLIAM. _b._ 1797; an undertaker at 27 St. James’s st.
    Piccadilly, London 1820–70; made Duke of Wellington’s funeral car
    Oct. 1852; reduced his weight from 202 lbs. to 156 lbs. in 12
    months Aug. 1862 to Aug. 1863 by abstaining from bread, butter,
    milk, sugar, beer, and potatoes; author of _Letter on corpulence
    addressed to the public_ 1863 _4 ed._ 1869; Thousands of people
    adopted the course he advised, which became known as “banting.”
    _d._ 4 The Terrace, Kensington 16 March 1878. _Blackwood’s Mag.
    xcvi_, 607–17 (1864); _Tanner’s Practice of medicine i_, 148

  BANTRY, RICHARD WHITE, 1 Earl of (_eld. son of Simon White of
    Bantry_). _b._ 6 Aug. 1767; created a peer of Ireland as Baron
    Bantry 31 March 1797 on account of exertions in repelling the
    French invasion at Bantry bay 27 Jany. 1797, Viscount Bantry 29
    Dec. 1800 and Viscount Berehaven and Earl of Bantry 22 Jany. 1816.
    _d._ Glengariffe lodge, co. Cork 2 May 1851.

  BANTRY, RICHARD WHITE, 2 Earl of. _b._ St. Finbar, Cork 16 Nov.
    1800; a representative peer for Ireland 1 July 1854. _d._ Exbury
    house, Hants 16 July 1868.

  BANTRY, WILLIAM HENRY HARE WHITE, 3 Earl of. _b._ Dublin 16 Nov.
    1801; ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam., M.A. 1823; sheriff of Cork
    1848; lieut. col. commandant West Cork artillery militia 1854–73;
    a representative peer for Ireland 6 July 1869. _d._ Bantry house,
    Cork 15 Jany. 1884.

  BAPTIST, JOHN THOMAS. A well known florist at Sydney N.S.W. _d._ The
    Gardens, Surrey hills, Sydney 15 Sep. 1873 aged 69.

  BARBER, CHARLES. _b._ Birmingham; teacher of drawing in Royal
    Institution, Liverpool; assisted to found the Architectural and
    Archæological association; a landscape painter; exhibited 3
    pictures at the R.A. and many pictures at local exhibitions; pres.
    of the Liverpool Academy. _d._ Liverpool Jany. 1854.

  BARBER, CHARLES CHAPMAN. ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam., 9 wrangler
    1833, B.A. 1833, M.A. 1836; pupil of Lewis Duval the conveyancer;
    barrister L.I. 3 May 1833; member of chancery procedure commission
    1853; junior counsel for defendant in ejectment action of
    Tichborne _v._ Lushington 11 May 1871 to 6 March 1872; junior
    counsel for the Crown in prosecution of Roger Tichborne for
    perjury 23 April 1873 to 28 Feb. 1874; engaged in court 103 days
    in the ejectment case, and 188 days in the perjury case; judge of
    county courts for circuit No. 6 East Riding of Yorkshire Feb. 1874
    to March 1874 when he resigned and resumed practice. _d._ 71
    Cornwall gardens London 5 Feb. 1882.

  BARBER, FAIRLESS (_2 son of Joseph Barber of Brighouse, solicitor_).
    _b._ Castle hill, Rastrick 11 Jany. 1835; ed. at St. Peter’s
    school York; admitted a solicitor 1859; practised at Brighouse;
    member of Huddersfield Archæological and Topographical Association
    1866, sec. Sep. 1866, it became mainly through him in 1870 the
    Yorkshire Archæological and Topographical Association; F.S.A. 26
    May 1870; edited _The Yorkshire Archæological and Topographical
    journal_ _6 vols._ 1876–81. _d._ Pinner 3 March 1881. _Yorkshire
    Arch. and Topog. journal vii_, 1–5 (1882).

  BARBER, JAMES. A very extensive proprietor of coaches between London
    and Edinburgh; senior partner in firm of Barber and Co. of York,
    wholesale jewellers; sheriff of York 1826; lord mayor 1833,
    elected again 1844 but paid the fine to be excused serving. _d._
    Tang hall near York 10 March 1857 aged 73.

  BARBER, JAMES (_son of a cutlery manufacturer at Sheffield_). Made a
    large sum of money by cards and billiards at Manchester; went to
    Paris, where he purchased famous race horse Chanticleer which won
    the Northumberland plate, Goodwood stakes, and Doncaster cup 1848;
    in partnership with Joseph Saxon as racing men; won Great Northern
    handicap at York with Ben Webster 1860, and the Oaks with Brown
    Duchess 1861; at one period one of richest men on the turf. _d._
    Sheffield 18 April 1885 in 69 year.

  BARBER, JOHN. _b._ West Runham, Norfolk; drayman in firm of Truman
    and Co., London 8 years; purveyor of pigeons and sparrows at 27
    Sclater st. Bethnal Green 1821 to death; attended all the chief
    shooting matches in England for 40 years; his blue rock pigeons
    well known all over the world. _d._ 27 Sclater st. 18 June 1860
    aged 71.

  BARBER, JONATHAN. Frame work knitter at Nottingham; leader of the
    infidels there, held public discussions with Rev. J. W. Brooks of
    Nottingham. _d._ Nottingham 17 Jany. 1859. _The apology for
    renouncing infidel opinions of Jonathan Barber_ 1859.

  BARBER, JONATHAN. _b._ England 1784; M.R.C.S.; practised in
    Scarborough and London; went to United States about 1820; taught
    elocution in Yale and Harvard Univs., became the best teacher in
    America; lectured on phrenology; went to Montreal 1836; resumed
    medical practice as a homœopath about 1845; professor of oratory
    in McGill univ. Montreal down to 1862; author of _The
    Elocutionist_ 1829; _A grammar of elocution_ 1830. _d._ near
    Montreal 11 May 1864.

  BARBER, MARY ANN SERRETT (_daughter of Thomas Barber_). Wrote many
    articles in the _Church of England Magazine_ and _Charlotte
    Elizabeth’s Christian lady’s magazine_; edited _Children’s
    Missionary magazine_ afterwards called _The Coral Missionary mag._
    1847 to death; author of _Redemption in Israel or narratives of
    conversions among the Jews_ 1844, _The sorrows of the streets_
    1855, _Castle Rag and its dependencies or the sins and sorrows of
    the poor_ 1858, _Du Bourg or the Mercuriale_ 1851 and many other
    books. _d._ 9 Sussex sq. Brighton 9 March 1864 aged 63.
    _Bread-winning or the Ledger and the Lute an Autobiography by M.
    A. S. Barber_ 1865.

  BARBER, WILLIAM HENRY. _b._ about 1807; clerk to Messrs. Scoones of
    Tonbridge, Kent, solicitors 1819–36; established Literary and
    Scientific institution there 1837; solicitor in London 1837;
    partner with Merrick Bircham; founded The legal discussion
    society, sec. and treasurer; founded with Lord Brougham and George
    Birkbeck, Adult instruction society; tried at Central Criminal
    Court April 1844 for uttering a will of one Anne Slack knowing
    same to be a forgery when sentenced to be transported for life;
    arrived at Norfolk Island 9 Nov. 1844; moved to Tasman’s Peninsula
    March 1847 on breaking up of Norfolk Island establishment; granted
    conditional pardon by royal warrant dated 12 Nov. 1846 and a free
    pardon 3 Nov. 1848; arrived in Paris May 1848 and in London Nov.
    1848; applied for his annual certificate as a solicitor 31 Jany.
    1849, certificate refused him 6 July 1850; petition for inquiry
    and redress presented to House of Commons 5 April 1852; granted a
    certificate 21 Nov. 1855; practised in London, ceased to practice
    1862. _The case of Mr. W. H. Barber_, _8 ed._ 1853; _Central
    criminal court, minutes of evidence by H. Buckler xix_, 778–850
    (1844); _I.L.N. iv_, 80, 249 (1844), 2 _portraits_.

  BARBOUR, ROBERT. _b._ Renfrewshire 1797; one of the merchant princes
    of Manchester down to about 1864 when he retired; member of the
    first Synod of English Presbyterian church about 1834; endowed at
    cost of £12,000 a chair which bears his name in Presbyterian
    college; purchased Bolesworth castle near Chester 1857; sheriff of
    Cheshire 1866. _d._ Bolesworth castle 17 Jany. 1885, will proved
    at Chester 14 April 1885, value of personalty upwards of £472,000.

  BARCLAY, ANDREW WHYTE (_son of John Barclay, captain R.N._) _b._
    Dysart, Fifeshire 17 July 1817; ed. at high sch. and univ. of
    Edin.; M.D. 1839; studied at Caius coll. Cam. 1843, and St.
    George’s hospital, London; M.B. 1847, M.D. 1852; medical registrar
    at St. George’s many years; F.R.C.P. 1851, examiner, councillor
    and censor, Lumleian lecturer 1864, Harveian orator 1881,
    treasurer 1884; fellow of Royal Med. and Chir. soc, pres.;
    assistant phys. at St. George’s 1857, phys. 1862–82; the first
    medical officer of health at Chelsea 1856; author of _Manual of
    medical diagnosis_ 1857 _3 ed._ 1870. _d._ Whitney Wood,
    Stevenage, Herts 28 April 1884. _British Medical Journal i_, 932

  BARCLAY, ARTHUR KETT (_eld. son of Charles Barclay of Bury hill near
    Dorking, Surrey 1780–1855_). _b._ 20 June 1806; ed. at Harrow;
    head of firm of Barclay, Perkins and Co., brewers; built an
    observatory at Bury hill 1848; F.R.G.S. 1840, F.R.S. 3 June 1852;
    paralysed 1855. (_m._ 20 Dec. 1836 Maria Octavia dau. of Ichabod
    Wright of Mapperley, Notts). _d._ 20 Nov. 1869.

  BARCLAY, CHARLES. _b._ 26 Dec. 1780; M.P. for Southwark 1815–1818,
    for Dundalk 1826–1830 and for west Surrey 1835–1837; head of firm
    of Barclay, Perkins and Co.; pres. of Guy’s hospital; sheriff of
    Surrey 1842; F.R.G.S., F.S.A. _d._ Bury hill, Surrey 5 Dec. 1855.

  BARCLAY, HUGH _b._ Glasgow 18 Jany. 1799; member of Glasgow faculty
    of procurators 1820; sheriff substitute of West Perthshire 1829,
    and of Perthshire 1833; sheriff of Perthshire 1883 to death;
    author of _A digest of the law of Scotland_ 2 vols. 1852–53 _4
    ed._ 1880; _Thoughts on Sabbath schools_ 1855; _The Sinaitic
    inscriptions_ 1866. _d._ Early bank Craigie near Perth 1 Feb.

  BARCLAY, RIGHT REV. JOSEPH (_only son of John Barclay of Strabane,
    co. Donegal who d. 9 Dec. 1845_). _b._ Strabane 12 Aug. 1831; ed.
    at Trin. coll. Dublin 16 Oct. 1849 to 1854, B.A. 1854, M.A. 1857,
    LLD. 1865, D.D. 1880; C. of Bagnalstown 1854–58; missionary at
    Constantinople 1858–61; incumbent of Ch. Jerusalem 1861–70; R. of
    Stapleford, Herts 29 March 1873; bishop of Jerusalem June 1879 to
    death, consecrated in St. Paul’s 25 July 1879, installed 24 Feb.
    1880; held 2 ordinations and 5 confirmations; author of _Talmud,
    Selection of treatises translated from the Mishna_ 1878. _d._ the
    bishop’s palace, Jerusalem 23 Oct. 1881. _Joseph Barclay a
    missionary biography_ 1883, _portrait_.

  BARCLAY, LYDIA ANN (_dau. of Robert Barclay of Clapham_). Edited
    _Selections from the writings of Patrick Livingstone_ 1847;
    _Memoirs and letters of Richard and Elizabeth Shackleton_ 1849; _A
    journal of the life and gospel labours of John Conran_ 1850. _d._
    Cockermouth 31 Jany. 1855 aged 55. _A short memoir of L. A.
    Barclay by Wm. Hodgson, junior_ 1855; _A selection from the
    letters of L. A. Barclay_ 1862.

  BARCLAY, SIR ROBERT, 9 Baronet. _b._ Dungannon 1819; succeeded 14
    Aug. 1839. _d._ Dungannon 19 May 1859.

  BARCLAY, ROBERT (_younger son of John Barclay, a minister in Society
    of Friends who d. 11 May 1838 aged 41_). _b._ Croydon 4 Aug. 1833;
    a manufacturing stationer in London 1855; patented March 1860 an
    indelible writing paper for prevention of forgery; author of _The
    inner life of the religious societies of the Commonwealth_ 1876,
    reissued 1877 and 1878. _d._ Hillside, Reigate 11 Nov. 1876.
    _Sermons by Robert Barclay with a brief memoir edited by his
    widow_ 1878, _portrait_.

  BARCLAY, VERY REV. THOMAS (_son of Rev. James Barclay, minister of
    Unst, Shetland_). _b._ Unst June 1792; ed. at King’s coll.
    Aberdeen, M.A. 1812; taught elocution at Aberdeen; a parliamentary
    reporter for the _Times_ 1818–22; licensed by presbytery of
    Lerwick 27 June 1821; ordained 12 Sep. 1822 to parish of
    Dunrossness, Shetland; minister of Lerwick 13 Dec. 1827; clerk of
    the synod of Shetland 27 Apl. 1831; minister of Peterculter Sep.
    1843, and of Currie July 1844; principal of Univ. of Glasgow 13
    Feb. 1858 to death; one of the best Scandinavian scholars. _d._
    the college, Gillmore hill, Glasgow 23 Feb. 1873. _Scott’s Fasti
    Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ pt. v_, 422, 426.

  BARCLAY, WILLIAM. _b._ London 1797; miniature painter; made many
    copies from works of Italian masters in the Louvre Paris;
    exhibited portraits and copies in water-colours at the Salon
    1831–59 and at Royal Academy 1832–56. _d._ 1859.

  BARDELIN, AUGUSTE DE. _b._ Aix in Provence; member of the
    Garde-du-Corps of Louis xvi; emigrated to Italy, Germany and
    Belgium; taught French and Italian at Norwich about 1792–1814;
    accompanied Louis xviii to Paris 1814; lived there till 1848 when
    he went to Provence. (_m._ 1815 or 1816 Miss Sutton). _d._ Nice 8
    May 1852 in 85 year.

  BARDIN, GEORGE GREGORY. Chief inspector of machinery afloat 6 Aug.
    1870; C.B. 15 Aug. 1868. _d._ about May 1875.

  BARDSLEY, SIR JAMES LOMAX (_2 son of Edward Bardsley of
    Nottingham_). _b._ Nottingham 7 July 1801; ed. at Univs. of
    Glasgow and Edin.; M.D. Edin. 1823; physician at Manchester 1823
    to death; physician to Manchester royal infirmary 1824–43; member
    of Manchester medical society 1834, pres. 1838–42 and 1845–47;
    knighted by the Queen at Buckingham palace 8 Aug. 1853; F.R.C.P.
    1859; lecturer on principles and practice of physic at Royal
    school of medicine Manchester 1825–43; author of _Hospital facts
    and observations_ 1830 and of the articles Diabetes and
    Hydrophobia in the _Cyclopædia of practical medicine_ 1833. _d._
    The Orchard Greenheys, Manchester 10 July 1876. _Photographs of
    eminent medical men ii_, 95–98 (1868), _portrait_.

  BARDSLEY, SAMUEL ARGENT. _b._ Kelvedon, Essex 27 April 1764;
    apprenticed to a surgeon at Nottingham; studied at Leyden Univ.
    1786–89; M.D. 1789; physician at Manchester 1790; phys. to
    Manchester infirmary 1790 to Aug. 1823; author of _Critical
    remarks on the tragedy of Pizarro_ 1800; _Medical reports of cases
    and experiments_ 1807. _d._ near Hastings 25 May 1851.

  BAREZ, REV. HENRY. Minister of the French protestant episcopal
    church of St. Martin Orgars formerly in Cannon st. London; granted
    civil list pension of £100 23 July 1840 in consideration of having
    taught Queen Victoria German. _d._ Leicester square, London 26
    Dec. 1867 aged 79.

  BARFF, SAMUEL. _b._ England? about 1793; lived at Zante 1816 to
    death, an eminent merchant and banker there; took an active part
    in the struggle for independence carried on by the Greek nation
    1823–24. _d._ Zante 1 Sep. 1880 aged 87. _Moore’s Life of Lord
    Byron_; _Trikoupes’_ Ἰστορια τῆς Ἐλληνικῆς Ἐπαναστασεως _4 vols._

  BARHAM, CHARLES FOSTER (_4 son of Thomas Foster Barham of Penzance,
    Cornwall 1766–1844_). _b._ Truro 9 March 1804; ed. at Queen’s
    coll. Cam.; foundation scholar May 1823; studied in Paris and
    Italy 1825–28; M.B. Cam. 1827, M.D. 1860; physician Tavistock
    dispensary 1832–35; phys. at Truro Aug. 1837 to death; senior
    phys. Royal Cornwall infirmary 1838–73; pres. Royal Instit. of
    Cornwall 1859–61; mayor of Truro 1862; author of _Report on the
    sanitary state of the labouring classes in the town of Truro_ 1842
    and of many papers on meteorology and other subjects in _Reports_
    and _Journal of Royal Instit. of Cornwall_ and other publications.
    _d._ 11 Strangways terrace, Truro 20 Oct. 1884. _Boase and
    Courtney’s Bibl. Cornub. i_, 10 (1874), _iii_, 1048 (1882).

  BARHAM, REV. CHARLES HENRY (_youngest son of Joseph Foster Barham,
    M.P._) _b._ London 1808; ed. at Charterhouse and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A.
    1831, M.A. 1834; M.P. for Appleby 24 May 1832 to 3 Dec. 1832; R.
    of Barming, Kent about 1838–47; R. of Kirkby Thore, Westmoreland
    1847–52. _d._ Trecwn, Pembrokeshire 15 Aug. 1878.

  BARHAM, FRANCIS FOSTER (_5 son of Thomas Foster Barham, of
    Penzance_). _b._ Leskinnick, Penzance 31 May 1808; solicitor in
    London 1831; joint proprietor and editor with J. A. Heraud of _The
    new monthly Magazine and humorist_ 1 July 1839 to 26 May 1840;
    lived at Clifton 1844–54, and at Bath 1854 to death; member of
    Anglo Biblical Instit. 1852; a vegetarian many years; author of
    _The Adamus Exul of Grotius or the prototype of Paradise lost, now
    first translated from the Latin_ 1839; _The ecclesiastical history
    of Great Britain by Jeremy Collier, new ed. with a life of the
    author 9 vols._ 1840; _The Alist or divine, a message to our
    times_ 1840; _The political works of Cicero translated 2 vols._
    1841–42; _Socrates, a tragedy in 5 acts_ 1842; _The life and times
    of John Reuchlin or Capnion_ 1843; _The new Bristol guide, a poem_
    1850 and many other books. _d._ 8 St. Mark’s place, Bath 9 Feb.
    1871. _A memorial of Francis Barham, edited by Isaac Pitman_ 1873
    _pp. lv._ and 495 printed in the phonetic character; _Boase and
    Courtney’s Bibl. Cornub. i_, 11, _iii_, 1048.

      NOTE.—He advocated at one period the formation of a religious
      association to be called Alists or Godists, some of his works
      on this subject have A. F. Barham or Alist Francis Barham on
      the title page.

  BARHAM, THOMAS FOSTER (_eld. son of Thomas Foster Barham of
    Penzance_). _b._ Hendon, Middlesex 10 Sep. 1794; ed. at Queen’s
    coll. Cam., M.B. 1820; phys. at Penzance 1820 and at Exeter about
    1830–49; lived at Newton Abbot, Devon 1849 to death; author of
    _Introduction to Greek grammar_ 1829; _Greek roots in English
    rhymes_ 1837; _Philadelphia or claims of humanity_ 1858;
    contributed to transactions of Cornish scientific societies. _d._
    Castle Dyke, Highweek, Newton Abbot 3 March 1869. _Boase and
    Courtney’s Bibl. Cornub. i_, 13, _iii_, 1050.

  BARING, RIGHT REV. CHARLES THOMAS (_youngest son of Sir Thomas
    Baring, 2 Baronet 1772–1848_). _b._ 11 Jany. 1807; ed. privately
    and at Ch. Ch. Ox.; double first class 1829, B.A. 1829, M.A. 1832;
    student of his college; C. of St. Ebbe Ox. 1830–44; select
    preacher before Univ. of Ox. 1846 and 1855; R. of All Souls
    Marylebone 28 Sep. 1847; chaplain in ord. to the Queen 7 Feb.
    1851; R. of Lympsfield Surrey 1855–56; Bishop of Gloucester and
    Bristol July 1856, consecrated at Lambeth 10 Aug. 1856, translated
    to Durham 6 Nov. 1861, resigned 2 Feb. 1879; 102 new parishes were
    formed and 119 new churches built in diocese of Durham 1861–78.
    _d._ Cecil house, Wimbledon 14 Sep. 1879. _Durham Diocesan
    calendar_ 1880 _pp._ 184–89.

  BARING, HENRY BINGHAM. _b._ York place, London 4 March 1804; ed. at
    Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1825; M.P. for Callington 31 July 1830 to 3 Dec.
    1832, and for Marlborough 11 Dec. 1832 to 11 Nov. 1868; a lord of
    the treasury 6 Sep. 1841 to 6 July 1846. _d._ Nice 25 April 1869.

  BARING, THOMAS (_2 son of Sir Thomas Baring 2 Baronet 1772–1848_).
    _b._ 7 Sep. 1800; ed. at Winchester; joined banking house of Hope
    and Co. at Amsterdam; entered house of Baring Brothers and Co.
    merchants 8 Bishopgate st. London 1828, head of the firm to 1871;
    chairman of Lloyds 1830 to March 1868; pres. of London institution
    1835 to death; M.P. for great Yarmouth 1835–37 and for Huntingdon
    1844 to death; a director of Bank of England 1848–67; declined
    Chancellorship of the Exchequer offered him by Earl of Derby 1852
    and 1858; one of the 5 comrs. of Great Exhibition 1862. _d._
    Fontmell lodge, Bournemouth 18 Nov. 1873, personalty sworn under
    £1,500,000 Dec. 1873. _I.L.N. iii_, 265 (1843), _portrait, xl_,
    215 (1862), _portrait, lxiii_, 501, 639 (1873); _Waagen’s
    Treasures of art ii_, 174–92, _iv_, 93–100.

  BARKER, ALEXANDER. Lived at 103 Piccadilly, London; made a fine
    collection of pictures chiefly by great painters of 15th century
    which was sold at Christie’s 6 June 1874 for sum of £38,591, his
    library was sold 24–25 June 1874 for £4,019. _d._ Hatfield near
    Doncaster 24 Oct. 1873. _Waagen’s Treasures of art ii_, 125–29,
    _iv_, 71–79.

  BARKER, BERNARD. Editor of literary portion of _The Bazaar_; author
    of a novel called _Elliot the younger 3 vols_. 1878. _d._ 13 Sep.

  BARKER, FRANCIS. _b._ Waterford; ed. at Univs. of Dublin and
    Edinburgh, B.A. Dublin 1793, M.B. and M.D. 1810; practised at
    Waterford 5 years, where he opened the first fever hospital in
    Ireland; professor of chemistry Univ. of Dublin 1808; started
    first medical paper in Ireland with Dr. Todd; sec. of Irish board
    of health 1820–52; published with Dr. Cheyne a treatise on
    _Epidemic fevers in Ireland 2 vols._ 1821; edited the _Dublin
    Pharmacopœia_ 1826. _d._ Wellington road, Dublin 8 Oct. 1859 aged

  BARKER, RIGHT REV. FREDERIC (_5 son of Rev. John Barker, V. of
    Baslow, Derbyshire who d. 6 June 1824_). _b._ Baslow 17 March
    1808; ed. at Grantham and Jesus coll. Cam., B.A. 1831, M.A. 1839,
    D.D. 1854; P.C. of Upton, Cheshire 24 April 1831 to 28 Sep. 1834;
    P.C. of St. Mary’s Edge hill, Liverpool 1835–54; V. of Baslow
    Jany. 1854; bishop of Sydney Aug. 1854 to death; created
    Metropolitan of Australia 19 Oct. 1854, consecrated at Lambeth 30
    Nov. 1854, arrived in Sydney May 1855; pres. of the Synod of the
    diocese of Sydney which first met 5 Dec. 1866; author of
    _Thirty-six psalms with commentary_ 1854. _d._ San Remo, Italy 6
    April 1882. _bur._ Baslow 18 April. _I.L.N. lxxx_, 452, (1882),
    _portrait_; _Graphic xxv_, 448 (1882), _portrait_.

  BARKER, GEORGE. Entered navy 1 June 1771; captain 8 June 1799;
    admiral on h.p. 27 Dec. 1847. _d._ Spring Vale, Isle of Wight 25
    Dec. 1851 in 92 year.

  BARKER, GEORGE ARTHUR. _b._ 1812; Tenor singer and vocal composer;
    his song “The White Squall” 1835 has passed through many editions
    and is still frequently sung. _d._ Aylestone near Leicester 2
    March 1876.

  BARKER, SIR GEORGE ROBERT (_youngest son of John Barker, deputy
    storekeeper general_). _b._ London 1817; ed. at Woolwich; 2 lieut.
    R.A. 21 June 1834; lieut. col. 1 June 1855 to death; served in
    Crimean war and Indian mutiny; C.B. 5 July 1855, K.C.B. 16 May
    1859 for capturing stronghold of Birwah. _d._ Simla, India 27 July

  BARKER, HENRY ASTON (_younger son of Robert Barker of Leicester
    square, London, reputed inventor of panoramas 1739–1806_). _b._
    Glasgow 1774; pupil at Royal Academy; assisted his father in his
    panoramas 1789–1806; carried on the business in Leicester square
    1806–20; opened a building occupying site of present Strand
    theatre as Reinagle and Barker’s New Panorama 1820; exhibited a
    series of panoramas here with his pupil John Burford to 1826;
    realised £10,000 by his panorama of battle of Waterloo 1842. (_m._
    1802 Harriet Maria eld. dau. of Wm. Bligh, admiral R.N., she _d._
    26 Feb. 1856). _d._ Bitton near Bristol 19 July 1856. _G.M. i_,
    515–18 (1856); _Art Journal ix_, 47 (1857).

  BARKER, JOHN. Ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin, M.B. 1846, M.D. 1863;
    L.R.C.S. Ireland 1846, M.R.C.S. 1863; demonstrator of anatomy
    Univ. of Dublin; curator of museum of Royal college of surgeons
    Dublin; M.R.I.A. and F.R.S. Dublin; author of Cryptogamic part of
    Steele’s _Handbook of field botany_ 1847. _d._ 83 Waterloo road,
    Dublin 2 Feb. 1879 aged 63.

  BARKER, JOHN HENRY. _b._ Ashford hall, Derbyshire 1806; ed. at Ch.
    Ch. Ox., B.A. 1829, M.A. 1834; barrister L.I. 3 May 1836;
    magistrate at Worship st. police court, London July 1860 and at
    Clerkenwell police court Jany. 1863 to 3 Aug. 1874. _d._ East
    lodge, Bakewell Derbyshire 28 Jany. 1876.

  BARKER, JOSEPH. _b._ Bramley near Leeds 11 May 1806; a travelling
    preacher of Methodist new connexion at Hanley 1829; stationed on
    Sheffield and Mossley circuits successively; edited _Evangelical
    Reformer_ a weekly periodical 1837–40; expelled from the above
    Society 1841 on ground that he had denied divine appointment of
    baptism; pastor of a congregation of Barkerites at Newcastle;
    edited _The Christian Investigator 2 vols._ 1842–43; became a
    Unitarian 1845; presented with a steam press at Wortley, Leeds 6
    July 1846; issued a library of 300 volumes being cheapest books
    then ever issued; edited _The People_ 1846, 20,000 copies of which
    were sold weekly; a town councillor at Leeds 1848; tried as a
    Chartist but acquitted 1848; emigrated to Central Ohio 1851; a
    leading abolitionist; lectured in United States 1857–59; sailed
    for England 11 Jany. 1860; edited _Barker’s Review_ _3 vols._
    1862–63; joined the Primitive Methodists at Tunstall; a local
    preacher to 1868 when he went to America; author of many books.
    _d._ Omaha, Nebraska 15 Sep. 1875. _Life of Joseph Barker 1880_,
    _portrait_; _Methodist new connexion mag. July 1842, Sep. 1843 and
    Dec. 1875_.

  BARKER, PETER. _b._ 10 July 1808; lost his sight 1812; a skilful
    performer on the violin; a carpenter at Hampsthwaite, Yorkshire;
    sang in the church choir; one of the bell ringers, curfew bell is
    rung at Hampsthwaite at 8 every evening. _d._ in his cottage near
    churchyard gate, Hampsthwaite 18 Feb. 1873. _Life of Peter Barker,
    Pately Bridge_ 1873; _S. Baring-Gould’s Yorkshire Oddities i_,
    177–82 (1874).

  BARKER, REV. RALPH. Ed. at St. Peter’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1821; V. of
    Pagham near Chichester 1850 to death; rural dean of Chichester
    1858 to death; co-editor of _The Protestant Guardian_ 1827–29, and
    of _The Quarterly educational magazine 2 vols._ 1847–49; author of
    sermons, pamphlets and reviews. _d._ 1871.

  BARKER, THOMAS. _b._ Carlton near Nottingham 15 Nov. 1798; a lace
    maker there; professional cricketer at Cambridge 1822 and 1841–45;
    a practice bowler at Lord’s cricket ground, London about 1835–41;
    an umpire at Cambridge 1846 and in London 1856. _d._ Nottingham 2
    March 1877.

  BARKER, THOMAS HERBERT. _b._ Dunstable 31 Oct. 1814; studied at
    Univ. coll. London 1834–35; L.S.A. 1837, M.R.C.S. 1842, F.R.C.S.
    1851; M.B. London 1845, M.D. 1847; practised at Bedford; one of
    the very best general practitioners in England; recorded for many
    years a series of meteorological observations which were
    incorporated in reports of the Registrar General; F.R.S. Edin.;
    author of _Practical observations on the diet of infancy and
    childhood_ 1850; _On the hygienic management of infants and
    children_ 1859. _d._ Harpur place, Bedford 24 Oct. 1865.
    _Photographs of eminent medical men i_, 117–23 (1866), _portrait_;
    _British Medical Journal ii_, 481–84 (1865).

  BARKER, THOMAS JONES (_eld. son of Thomas Barker of Bath, painter
    1769–1847_). _b._ Bath 1815; pupil of Horace Vernet in Paris;
    exhibited many pictures at the Salon where he gained 3 gold
    medals; painted several pictures for Louis Philippe; returned to
    England 1845; gained appellation of the ‘English Horace Vernet’;
    exhibited 29 pictures at the R.A., 34 at British Institution and
    15 at Suffolk st. gallery 1844–76; painted many pictures in France
    during the German war 1870. _d._ Avon house, Steele’s road,
    Haverstock hill, London 27 March 1882. _Times 29 March 1882, p._
    10, _col._ 1.

  BARKER, THOMAS RAWSON. _b._ Bakewell, Derbyshire 9 April 1812; a
    lead merchant at Sheffield; mayor of Sheffield 1848; played in
    many great cricket matches; a right-handed batsman but a left
    round-armed bowler. _d._ The Edge, Sheffield 26 April 1873.

  BARKER, THOMAS RICHARD. _b._ London 30 Nov. 1799; ed. at Christ’s
    Hospital 1807–16; entered Homerton old college 1821; independent
    minister at Alresford Hants 1822, at Harpenden Herts 1824 and at
    Uxbridge 1833–38; tutor in classics at Spring Hill college
    Birmingham 1838 to death. _d._ near the College 12 Nov. 1870.
    _Congregational year book_ 1871 _pp._ 302–304.

  BARKER, WILLIAM (_only son of Francis Barker, M.D., professor of
    chemistry in Univ. of Dublin_). Assistant to his father many
    years; prof. of natural philosophy to Royal Society of Dublin
    1848; prof. of chemistry R.C.S. Ireland 1850 to death; edited
    _Parkes’s Chemical Catechism_ 1837 and 1854; M.R.I.A. 25 Jany.
    1836. _d._ Hatch st. Dublin 11 Sep. 1873 aged 63.

  BARKER, WILLIAM BURCKHARDT (_son of John Barker 1771–1849, British
    consul general in Egypt_). _b._ Aleppo about 1810; taken to
    England 1819; resided at Tarsus in an official capacity many
    years; professor of the Arabic Turkish, Persian and Hindustani
    languages at Eton; chief superintendent of British land transport
    depot at Sinope 1855 to death; author of _Lares and Penates or
    Cilicia and its governors_ 1853; _Odessa and its inhabitants_
    1855; _A short historical account of the Crimea_ 1855. _d._ Sinope
    28 Jany. 1856 aged 45. _E. B. Barker’s Syria and Egypt 2 vols._

  BARKER, WILLIAM GIDEON MICHAEL JONES. _b._ 27 Aug. 1817; author of
    _The three days of Wensleydale, the valley of the Yore_ 1854. _d._
    Leeds 10 April 1855.

  BARKLEY, JOHN TREVOR. _b._ Yetminster, Dorset 12 Oct. 1826; resident
    engineer on Whitehaven and Furness railway; manager of coalfields
    of Heraclea in Turkey 1850–55; constructed Danube and Black Sea
    railway 40 miles long (which was sold to Roumanian government Nov.
    1882) and several other lines in east of Europe, also upwards of
    20 bridges chiefly on the Bucharest and Varna line; returned to
    England about 1869; member of Iron and Steel Institute 1873. _d._
    8 Jany. 1882. _Journal of Iron and Steel institute No._ 2, 1882

  BARLEE, SIR FREDERICK PALGRAVE (_son of Rev. Edward Barlee
    1788–1853, R. of Worlingworth, Suffolk_). _b._ 1827; served in
    ordnance department 1844–55; colonial sec. of Western Australia
    1855–77; member of legislative council to Nov. 1875; lieut.
    governor of British Honduras 1877–1883; left England to administer
    the government of Trinidad 2 June 1884; C.M.G. 30 May 1877,
    K.C.M.G. 24 May 1883. (_m._ 2 April 1851 Jane youngest dau. of
    Edward Oseland of Coleraine). _d._ Trinidad 8 Aug. 1884.

  BARLING, JOHN. _b._ Weymouth 11 Aug. 1804; congregationalist
    minister at Square Chapel, Halifax 1829–34; Unitarian minister at
    Northgate end, Halifax Jany. 1854 to Jany. 1858; author of _A
    review of Trinitarianism_ 1847; _Leaves from my writing desk by an
    old student_ 1872. _d._ Leeds 20 Aug. 1883.

  BARLOW, CHARLES ANSTRUTHER. _b._ 5 Feb. 1800; entered navy 1812;
    commanded the Nimrod 20 guns 1839–41; captain 8 June 1841; C.B. 14
    Oct. 1841. _d._ Hammersmith 31 Dec. 1855.

  BARLOW, REV. EDWARD WILLIAM (_only son of Dr. Barlow, M.D. of New
    Sydney Place, Bath_). ed. at Ex. Coll. Ox., B.A. 1834, M.A. 1836,
    D.D. 1865; C. of Rochford, Essex; author of _A brief manual on
    writing Latin_ 1834; _A treatise on the state of the soul_ 1843;
    _The Apocrypha, its use and abuse_ 1850; _Clerical manual 2 parts_
    1852; _A compilation on Dilapidations_ 1853. _d._ Cleveland villa,
    Bath 13 Feb. 1869 aged 57.

  BARLOW, GEORGE HILARO (_4 son of Rev. Thomas Wm. Barlow 1760–1821
    preb. of Bristol_). _b._ 2 May 1806; midshipman R.N.; ed. at Trin.
    coll. Cam., B.A. 1829, M.A. 1832, M.D. 1841; studied at Univ. of
    Edin. and Guy’s hospital; M.R.C.P. 1834, F.R.C.P. 1842; assistant
    phys. to Guy’s hospital 1840, phys. 1843; one of editors of _Guy’s
    hospital reports_; chairman of New Equitable life assurance
    company 1856, and of the Briton medical and general life
    association 1862. _d._ Longton lodge, Sydenham 13 Oct. 1866.
    _Lancet ii_, 454–55 (1866).

  BARLOW, HENRY CLARK (_only child of Henry Barlow of Newington Butts,
    London 1783–1858_). _b._ 6, Churchyard row, Newington Butts 12 May
    1806; studied at Royal Academy and Univ. of Edin., M.D. 3 Aug.
    1837; spent 5 years in Italy 1841–45; F.G.S. 1864; took a
    prominent part in Dante festival at Florence 14–16 May 1865;
    Cavalier of order of the Saints Maurice and Lazarus June 1865;
    author of _Industry on Christian principles_ 1851; _Francesca da
    Rimini her lament and vindication_ 1859 _2 ed._ 1875; _Essays on
    Symbolism_ 1866. _d._ Salzburg 8 Nov. 1876. _A brief memoir of H.
    C. Barlow, privately printed_ 1868; _Quarterly journal of
    Geological society xxxiii_, 60–62 (1877).

      NOTE.—He left by will £1,000 consols to University College
      London for the endowment of an annual course of lectures on
      the ‘Divina Commedia’ as well as all the books and prints in
      his library which related to Dante and Italian history and
      literature; he also left £500 consols to the Geological
      Society for the furtherance of geological science.

  BARLOW, JOHN. _b._ the Oak farm, Chorley, Cheshire 20 Sep. 1815;
    studied at Veterinary college Edin. 1842; assistant professor and
    lecturer on Zootomy at same college 1845 to death; member of
    Physiological Society. _d._ 1 Pilrig st. Edin. 29 Jany. 1856. _A
    memoir of John Barlow_ 1858.

  BARLOW, REV. JOHN. Ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1820, M.A. 1823;
    F.R.S. 18 Dec. 1834; sec. of Royal Institution 1842–60; chaplain
    in ordinary at Kensington palace 12 Oct. 1854 to Sep. 1867. _d._ 5
    Berkeley st. Piccadilly 8 July 1869 aged 70.

  BARLOW, MAURICE. Ensign 85 foot 21 July 1814; lieut. col. 14 foot 25
    Dec. 1847 to 27 Jany. 1857 when placed on h.p.; brigadier general
    in the Crimea 30 July 1855; col. of 3 West India regiment 8 June
    1863 and of 14 foot 9 Aug. 1870 to death; general 21 March 1874.
    _d._ Florence 12 April 1875.

  BARLOW, PETER. _b._ parish of St. Simon, Norwich 13 Oct. 1776;
    mathematical master at Royal military academy Woolwich 1801;
    mathematical professor there to 1847 when he retired on full pay;
    gold medallist of Society of Arts 1821; F.R.S. 29 May 1823, Copley
    medallist 1825 for his discoveries in magnetism; F.S.A. 1829,
    F.R.A.S. 1829; a corresponding member of Academies of Brussells
    and Paris; one of Irish railway comrs. 19 Oct. 1836; invented
    method of compensating compass errors in ships whereby difficulty
    of navigation was in a great measure overcome, for which he
    received from board of longitude a grant of £500; contributed
    largely to _Encyclopædia Metropolitana_ and _Rees’s Encyclopædia_;
    author of _A new mathematical and philosophical dictionary_ 1814;
    _Essay on the strength of timber and other materials_ 1817, _6
    ed._ 1867; _Essay on magnetic attractions_ 1820, _2 ed._ 1823.
    _d._ Old Charlton, Kent 1 March 1862. _Proc. of Royal Society
    xii_, 33–34 (1863); _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxii_,
    615–18 (1863).

  BARLOW, PETER WILLIAM (_elder son of the preceding_). _b._ 1800;
    A.I.C.E. 1826, M.I.C.E. 1845, Telford medallist 1845; engaged upon
    construction of Liverpool and Birmingham canal and the New London
    docks; resident engineer on London and Dover since called South
    Eastern railway; planned and executed Reading and Reigate and
    Tonbridge and Hastings branches 1841–46; designed and constructed
    Lambeth bridge opened 11 Nov. 1862, cheapest bridge in London,
    cost only £30,000; planned the Tower Subway opened Feb. 1870;
    F.R.S. 20 Nov. 1845. _d._ 56 Lansdowne road, Notting hill, London
    20 May 1885.

  BARLOW, SIR ROBERT, 2 Baronet. _b._ Calcutta 24 Sep. 1797; in the
    Bengal civil service 1817 to death; succeeded 18 Dec. 1846. _d._
    Hanover square, London 21 Jany. 1857.

  BARLOW, THOMAS WORTHINGTON (_only son of Wm. Worthington Barlow of
    Cranage, Cheshire_). barrister G.I. 14 June 1848; practised at
    Manchester; Queen’s advocate at Sierra Leone April 1856 to death;
    F.L.S. April 1848; author of _The mystic number, a glance at the
    system of nature_ 1852; _Memoir of W. Broome_ 1855; edited _The
    Cheshire and Lancashire historical collector 2 vols._ 1853–55.
    _d._ Freetown, Sierra Leone 10 Aug. 1856 aged 33.

  BARLOW, SIR WILLIAM OWEN, 8 Baronet (_only son of Wm. Owen, a
    brigadier general_). _b._ 11 April 1775; barrister M.T. 22 Nov.
    1799, bencher 1838; tubman of Court of Exchequer 1809, postman
    1815–1837; succeeded his uncle 4 Jany. 1817; attorney general for
    Carmarthen circuit many years; took name of Barlow 1844; lived in
    Fig tree court Temple 1799 to death. _d._ 5 Fig tree court 25 Feb.
    1851. _G.M. xxxv_, 433 (1851).

  BARMBY, JOHN GOODWYN. _b._ Yoxford, Suffolk 1820; associated with
    revolutionists in London 1837; went to Paris 1840; founded the
    Communist Propaganda Society 1841, afterwards known as the
    Universal Communitarian Association; a practical preacher of
    Christian Socialism; Unitarian minister at Southampton, Topsham
    and Lancaster successively and at Wakefield 1858–79; edited a
    periodical called _The Promethean_ 1842; author of _The poetry of
    home and childhood_ 1853; _The return of the swallow and other
    poems_ 1864; _Aids to devotion_ 1865; wrote many tracts and hymns
    and articles in periodicals. _d._ The Vines, Yoxford 18 Oct. 1881.
    _Frost’s forty years recollections_ (1880) 54–75; _Unitarian
    Herald xxi_, 358 (1881).

  BARNARD, SIR ANDREW FRANCIS (_son of Rev. Dr. Henry Barnard of
    Bovagh, co. Londonderry_). _b._ Fahan, co. Donegal 1773; ensign 90
    foot 26 Aug. 1794; lieut. col. Rifle brigade 29 March 1810;
    commanded 2 brigade of light division in the Peninsula 16 Feb.
    1814; commanded British division in Paris 1815; col. of 1
    battalion Rifle Brigade 25 Aug. 1822 to death; clerk marshal of
    the King’s household 1830–37, of the Queen Dowager’s household
    1837–49; lieut. governor of Chelsea hospital 26 Nov. 1849 to
    death; general 11 Nov. 1851; K.C.B. 2 Jany. 1815, G.C.B. 20 June
    1840, G.C.H. 1834. _d._ Royal hospital Chelsea 17 Jany. 1855.
    _Cope’s History of the rifle brigade_ 1877; _Lord W. P. Lennox’s
    Celebrities I have known, 2 series i_, 250–79.

  BARNARD, CHARLOTTE ALINGTON. _b._ 23 Dec. 1830; composed about 100
    popular ballads under pseudonym of Claribel 1858–69 two of the
    best known are “Come back to Erin” and “We’d better bide a wee”;
    author of _Thoughts, verses and songs_. (_m._ 18 May 1854 Rev.
    Charles Cary Barnard, R. of Brocklesby, Lincs.) _d._ Dover 30
    Jany. 1869. _The Choirmaster March 1869._

  BARNARD, EDWARD. _b._ 14 March 1786; ed. at Eton; in the colonial
    office 1804 to death; agent general for Crown colonies 1825 to
    death; F.L.S. 17 Feb. 1818. _d._ 13 Dec. 1861.

  BARNARD, EDWARD. Entered navy 12 May 1797; captain 4 July 1817;
    retired admiral 22 Nov. 1862. (_m._ Aug. 1811 Mary Parkins). _d._
    Hipswell lodge, Richmond, Yorkshire 5 Oct. 1863 aged 82. _O’Byrne_
    1861 _p._ 48.

  BARNARD, EDWARD GEORGE. A shipbuilder at Deptford; M.P. for
    Greenwich 14 Dec. 1832 to death; purchased Gosfield hall, Essex
    from the Marquess of Buckingham. _d._ Gosfield hall 14 June 1851
    aged 73. _Wright’s Essex ii_, 1 (1836).

  BARNARD, FREDERICK LAMPORT. _b._ 20 Feb. 1813; entered navy 3 June
    1827; captain 10 Oct. 1855; captain of the Mœander 10 guns 23 Feb.
    1861 to 14 June 1864; retired V.A. 30 Jany. 1879. _d._ 28 July

  BARNARD, SIR HENRY WILLIAM (_son of Rev. Wm. Barnard of Water
    Stratford, Bucks_). _b._ Westbury, Bucks 1799; ed. at Westminster
    and Sandhurst; ensign 1 foot guards 9 June 1814, captain 1831–49
    when placed on h.p.; commanded South Wales district 1852–54 and
    one of the brigades in Crimea 1854–55; chief of the staff in
    Crimea 28 June 1855; commanded 2nd division of British army in
    Crimea; commanded troops before Delhi June 1857 to death; C.B. 27
    July 1855, K.C.B. 3 May 1856. (_m._ 17 Jany. 1828 Isabella Letitia
    2 dau. of James Catlin Craufurd, brigadier general, she was
    granted a civil list pension of £200 15 Feb. 1858). _d._ of
    cholera before Delhi 5 July 1857. _Kaye’s Sepoy war in India ii_,
    513–70, 678 (1870).

  BARNARD, JOHN. Fellow of King’s coll. Cam. 1818 to death; F.S.A. 3
    May 1855. _d._ King’s coll. Cam. 16 Nov. 1878 aged 84.

  BARNE, GEORGE HUXLEY (_2 son of John Barne of Tiverton_). ed. at
    Magd. coll. Ox; barrister L.I. 17 Nov. 1866; attorney general of
    Jamaica March 1874 to death. _d._ Kingston, Jamaica 8 March 1876.

  BARNES, CHRISTOPHER HEWETSON. _b._ 7 Feb. 1833; 2 lieut. Bengal
    artillery 9 Dec. 1852; lieut. col. R.A. 31 Dec. 1878 to death;
    commanded R. A. in Egypt to death, _d._ Cairo 28 Sep. 1884.
    _I.L.N. lxxxv_, 373 (1881), _portrait_.

  BARNES, GEORGE CARNAC (_eld. son of Ven. George Barnes 1784–1847,
    archdeacon of Barnstaple_). ed. at Westminster 1833–35; comr. of
    the Cis-Sutlej States; foreign sec. at Calcutta 1861 to death;
    C.B. 18 May 1860. _d._ Hazareebagh, Bengal 13 May 1861.

  BARNES, JAMES. Lieutenant Royal horse guards 29 Aug. 1811 to 3 Nov.
    1814 when he retired; major in command of Radnor Militia 15 Feb.
    1828 to 21 March 1846. _d._ Portishead near Bristol June 1853 aged

  BARNES, JAMES HINDMARSH. ed. at Charing Cross and Westminster
    Ophthalmic hospitals; M.R.C.S. and L.S.A. 1857; L.R.C.P. Edin.
    1860; practised in London; visiting surgeon to the workhouse
    hospital, Liverpool 1874; superintendent registrar 1874 to death;
    author of _Notes on surgical nursing_. _d._ 57 Pembroke place,
    Liverpool 19 March 1880 aged 47. _Medical Times and gazette i_,
    387 (1880).

  BARNES, JOHN (_son of Thomas Barnes of Newcastle, coal viewer, who
    d. 1801_). _b._ Walker colliery near Newcastle 12 Aug. 1798; in
    the Soho works of Boulton and Watt 1813–15; studied at univ. of
    Edin. 1815–17; manufacturing engineer with Joseph Miller in London
    1822–35, made many engines for French steamers; constructed the
    Sophia Jane the first steam vessel ever employed in Australia
    1831; manager of the works at La Ciotat near Marseilles 1845 to
    death; much improved the French steam navy; M.I.C.E. 1823. _d._ La
    Ciotat 24 Sep. 1852. _bur._ Long Benton near Newcastle. _Min. of
    proc. of Instit. of C.E. xii_, 140–48 (1853).

  BARNES, MARY (_dau. of Mr. Greenhill_). _b._ London; acted in the
    provinces as Miss Simpson; acted at Haymarket and Drury Lane; made
    her first appearance in America at the Park theatre New York 17
    April 1816 as Juliet; a great actress in tragedy, melodrama and
    pantomime; took farewell of the stage 2 Nov. 1841. (_m._ John
    Barnes a comedian who _d._ 28 Aug. 1841 aged 60). _d._ Vandam st.
    New York 26 Aug. 1864 in 84 year.

  BARNES, RALPH (_4 son of Rev. Ralph Barnes, archdeacon of Totnes,
    Devon who d. 20 May 1820 aged 87_). _b._ 14 July 1781; ed. at
    Exeter gr. school; admitted attorney 25 Nov. 1802; practised at
    Exeter 1802 to death; chapter clerk there 15 Sep. 1810; sec. to
    bishops of Exeter April 1830 to death; author of _An inquiry into
    equity practice_ 1827; _The papal brief considered with reference
    to the laws of England_ 1850; edited _Bishop Lacy’s Liber
    pontificalis_ 1847. _d._ Bellairs, Topsham road, Exeter 22 Feb.
    1869. _Reg. and mag. of biog. i_, 306–308 (1869); _Law Journal
    iv_, 140–42 (1869).

  BARNES, REV. RICHARD WILLIAM. _b._ Comercolly, Bengal; matric. from
    Edmund hall Ox. 27 June 1829, B.A. of Queen’s coll. 1834, M.A.
    1841; R. of Dunchideock, Devon 1841–45; P.C. of East and West
    Looe, Cornwall 1845–49; V. of Probus, Cornwall 1849 to death;
    Preb. of Exeter Nov. 1853 to death; author of _Public opinion
    considered in letters between one of his friends and R. W. Barnes_
    1855; _Let well alone or removal of blemishes from church and
    state, by Alazon_ 1860 and many sermons. _d._ The Sanctuary,
    Probus 27 May 1885 aged 74.

  BARNES, ROBERT. _b._ Manchester 1800; cotton spinner there with his
    brother Thomas Barnes; mayor 1851; gave £10,000 to Royal infirmary
    Sep. 1869; founded Convalescent hospital at Cheadle at cost of
    £40,000, and a certified industrial school at Heaton Mersey at
    cost of £20,000. _d._ Oakley, Fallowfield Manchester 25 Dec. 1871.

  BARNES, SAMUEL C. _b._ Ireland; went to the United States 1830;
    principal of a school at Brooklyn 1830–67; originator and
    secretary of East Brooklyn savings bank. _d._ Brooklyn 18 Feb.
    1873 aged 60.

  BARNES, THOMAS. _b._ Wigton, Cumberland 1793; ed. at Univ. of Edin.,
    M.D. 1817; M.R.C.S. 1815; physician at Carlisle 1817; leading
    phys. in north of England down to 1850; founded Cumberland
    infirmary and Carlisle fever hospital; F.R.S. Edin. 1830. _d._
    Bunker’s hill near Carlisle 31 March 1872.

  BARNES, THOMAS WILSON. The best chess player in London for a short
    period; an original whist player; reduced his weight from 16 stone
    to 7 stone 8 lbs. in 10 months Aug. 1873 to June 1874 by banting.
    _d._ Cambridge st. Eccleston sq. London 20 Aug. 1874 aged 49.
    _Westminster Papers vii_, 99–100 (1874), _portrait_.

  BARNES, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS. Pantomimist in London; made his first
    appearance in America at Philadelphia 4 Dec. 1846 as Grimaldi in
    pantomime of Magic Pills; played clown in pantomime of William the
    Conqueror at Olympic theatre London 26 Dec. 1848; pantaloon at
    Drury Lane theatre; photographer at 6 North st. Smith sq.
    Westminster; committed suicide at 6 North st. by taking cyanide of
    potassium 17 May 1868 in 59 year.

  BARNETT, CHARLES (_only son of major general Charles Barnett
    1758–1804_). _b._ Stratton, Beds. 31 Oct. 1796; ed. at Putney and
    Em. coll. Cam., fellow commoner 1815; sheriff of Beds. 1821;
    master of Cambridgeshire hounds many years from 1829; a great
    short horn breeder. _d._ Stratton park, Beds. 20 June 1876.
    _Baily’s Mag. xi_, 55–58 (1866), _portrait_.

  BARNETT, CHARLES JAMES. M.P. for Maidstone 1832–1835. _d._ 12
    Chichester terrace, Brighton 31 Dec. 1882 in 85 year.

  BARNETT, CHARLES JOHN. Captain 3 Foot Guards 26 Oct. 1820 to 26 Oct.
    1826; consul at Warsaw 31 May 1833; consul general in Egypt May
    1841 to 17 Aug. 1846. _d._ Round Oak, Englefield 4 Aug. 1856 aged

  BARNETT, EDWARD. _b._ 1799; entered navy 3 Feb. 1811; captain 20
    June 1846; admiral on h.p. 1 Aug. 1877. _d._ 14 Woburn square,
    London 7 Sep. 1879.

  BARNETT, HENRY N. Dramatist and critic; edited _Sunday Times_ 13
    years; occupied at one time the pulpit in South place vacated by
    J. W. Fox, M.P. _d._ Hammersmith 6 Jany. 1872 aged 42.

  BARNETT, HUMPHREY. Acting manager at Lyceum theatre London 1862;
    acting manager for J. C. M. Bellew at St. George’s hall, Regent’s
    st. _d._ 24 Loudoun road, St. John’s Wood 30 April 1874.

  BARNETT, JOHN. Ensign 71 foot 25 Nov. 1813; lieut. 23 foot 1819–22;
    lieut. col. of 3 West York militia 28 Feb. 1846 to death. _d._ the
    Linen hall barracks Dublin 24 Feb. 1855.

  BARNETT, MORRIS. _b._ London 16 Aug. 1799; lived in Paris; acted at
    Brighton and Bath; made his first appearance in London at Drury
    Lane 1833 as Captain O’Cutter; wrote and performed title rôle in
    _Monsieur Jacques_, a musical piece which created a furore at St.
    James’s theatre 1837; played at Princess’s theatre; musical critic
    of _Morning Post_ and _The Era_ nearly 7 years; gave a series of
    farewell performances at Adelphi theatre 1854; wrote many dramas
    best known being _The Serious family_, _Lilian Gervais_ and
    _Married and unmarried_. _d._ Montreal, Canada 18 March 1856.
    _Actors by gaslight_ (1838) _p._ 137, _portrait_; _I.L.N. xxv_,
    305 (1854), _portrait_.

  BARNETT, ROBERT. _b._ Macclesfield 1818; an industrious arranger of
    instrumental music. _d._ Windsor Oct. 1875.

  BARNHAM, HILDEBRAND BARRY. Ensign 15 foot 19 Nov. 1807; captain 28
    Dec. 1832 to 1839 when he retired. _d._ 13 Camberwell park, London
    12 July 1885 in 95 year.

  BARNINGHAM, WILLIAM. _b._ Arkingarthdale near Richmond, Yorkshire
    1826; a blacksmith; employed on Paris and Rouen railway 1843;
    began a foundry at Manchester with 3 of his brothers which failed;
    a manufacturer of railway switches and crossings at
    Middlesborough; founded ironworks at Pendleton and Albert hill,
    Darlington; the latter were transferred to a limited liability
    company 1873. _d._ Pendleton 3 Nov. 1881. _Journal of iron and
    steel institute, No._ 2, 1882 657–58.

  BARNSTON, JAMES. M.D. Edin.; professor of botany in McGill college
    Montreal. _d._ Montreal 28 May 1858 aged 28.

  BARON, JAMES. _b._ Blackburn 1817; ed. at Stonyhurst; held
    professorships at Prior Park Bath and the Luso-British college
    Lisbon; kept a school at Lytham in the Fylde, Lancashire for many
    years from 1849. _d._ St. Helens 23 Feb. 1883.

  BARON, JOHN. _b._ St. Andrews 26 May 1786; ed. at Univs. of St.
    Andrews and Edin., M.D. Edin. July 1805; physician at Gloucester
    1807–33; phys. of Gloucester infirmary 1809 to 21 Feb. 1833; lived
    at Cheltenham 1833 to death; F.R.S. 13 Feb. 1823; author of
    _Enquiry illustrating the nature of tuberculated accretions of
    serous membranes_ 1819 and 2 other books on Tubercle _Life of
    Edward Jenner, M.D. 2 vols._ 1838. _d._ 1 St. Margaret’s terrace,
    Cheltenham 2 Oct. 1851. _Pettigrew’s Medical portrait gallery vol.
    2_ (1840) _12 pages, portrait_; _Taylor’s National portrait
    gallery iii_, 43–44 (1847), _portrait_.

  BARON, JOHN. _b._ Blackpool 2 Sep. 1807; entered the Society of
    Jesus at Hodder 21 Sep. 1827, master of the school in London
    1831–32 and 1833–35; ordained priest at Stonyhurst 19 Sep. 1841;
    vice rector of Mount St. Mary’s college 17 Oct. 1848 and rector 17
    Oct. 1851–1854; missioner at Wakefield 1854–70. _d._ Holywell 11
    July 1878.

  BARR, DAVID. Entered Bombay army 1803; col. 24 Bombay N.I. 4 July
    1844 to death; L.G. 11 Nov. 1851. _d._ Cheltenham 21 Nov. 1862
    aged 78.

  BARR, HENRY JAMES. _b._ 8 April 1815; ensign 8 Bombay N.I. 22 May
    1834; lieut. col. Bombay staff corps 18 Feb. 1861 to death; L.G. 1
    Oct. 1877. _d._ Apsleytown, East Grinstead 17 May 1881.

  BARR, REV. HUGH. _b._ Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire 2 April 1825; an
    apprentice tailor; studied at Univ. of Glasgow; an agent of
    Glasgow city mission; minister of United Presbyterian church at
    Kingskettle 28 Sep. 1854 to death. _d._ Kingskettle 9 Nov. 1873.
    _Too late for martyrdom Memorials of the Rev. Hugh Barr by Rev. T.
    Dunlop_ 1875, _portrait_.

  BARR, JAMES. _b._ Kilbarchan near Paisley 1779; a friend of Robert
    Tannahill the poet who has immortalized him as “Blithe Jamie
    Barr”; harmonized a few airs as glees; well known at various glee
    clubs in Glasgow; went to America 1834; living at Govan near
    Glasgow 1859.

  BARR, ROBERT. _b._ 3 Sep. 1794; attorney at Leeds 1823; coroner of
    Leeds 1824; clerk to the Leeds borough magistrates 3 Dec. 1836 to
    death. _d._ Mount Pleasant, Leeds 18 Oct. 1871.

  BARR, SAMUEL. _b._ Glasgow 1807; a self taught musician of strong
    native genius; his song “Naebody kens ye” possesses much merit;
    author of _Art of singing at first sight simplified_ 1847. _d._
    Glasgow 16 May 1866.

  BARRALLIER, FRANCIS LOUIS. Ensign in New South Wales corps
    (afterwards 102nd foot) 14 Aug. 1800; surveyed Bass’s Straits in
    the Lady Nelson schooner 1801–1803; attempted to cross the Blue
    Mountains 1802; captain 101 foot 6 July 1809 to 7 Jany. 1817 when
    placed on h.p.; made an elaborate survey of island of Barbadoes
    1812–17; captain 73 foot 4 Oct. 1831 to 9 Aug. 1833 when placed on
    h.p.; brevet lieut. col. 9 Nov. 1846. _d._ 24 Bedford square,
    Commercial road, London 11 June 1853 aged 80. _New South Wales
    general orders 1791–1806_; _Sydney 1802–1806 the first book
    printed in Australia_; _United Service Mag._ 1853 _part_ 2, _p._

  BARRATT, ALFRED (_eld. son of James Barratt of Manchester,
    solicitor_). _b._ Heald Grove near Manchester 12 July 1844; ed. at
    Sandbach and Rugby where he gained 29 prizes; a commoner of
    Balliol college Ox. 1862; won the first Balliol scholarship 1862;
    gained unprecedented distinction of 5 first classes 2 classical, 2
    mathematical and 1 law and modern history; fellow of Brasenose
    coll. 1867; Eldon law scholar 1870; barrister L.I. 26 Jany. 1872;
    sec. to the Oxford university commission 1880; author of _Physical
    Ethics or the science of action_ 1869. _d._ 18 May 1881. _Physical
    Metempiric by the late A. Barratt_ 1883, _portrait_.

  BARRAUD, HENRY. _b._ 1811; painted many portraits with horses and
    dogs, also subject pictures such as ‘The Pope blessing the
    animals’ 1842; exhibited at British Institution and Society of
    British Artists 1831–68 and at R.A. 1833–59; his pictures ‘We
    praise thee O God’; ‘The London Season’; ‘Lord’s cricket ground’;
    and ‘The lobby of the House of Commons’ have all been engraved or
    autotyped. _d._ London 17 June 1874.

  BARRELL, JUSTINIAN. Entered navy Aug. 1791; commander 21 March 1815;
    captain 19 March 1852; the last surviving officer of Lord Howe’s
    victory of 1 June 1794. _d._ Holloway 23 Nov. 1869 aged 87.
    _O’Byrne_ (1861) _p._ 52.

  BARRETT, APOLLON MARIE ROSE. _b._ South of France 1804; pupil of
    Vogt at Conservatoire, Paris 1823; solo oboe player at the Odéon,
    and at Opéra Comique 1827, and at Italian Opera in London 1829–74;
    professor of the oboe at R.A. of music; author of _A complete
    method for the Oboe_. _d._ Paris 8 March 1879.

  BARRETT, REV. BASIL RICHARD (_7 child of John Briant Barrett of
    Milton house near Abingdon_). _b._ Milton house 11 May 1781; sent
    to St. Omer’s college Aug. 1790; joined the refugees from Douay
    college at Crook hall, Durham June 1795; ordained priest about
    July 1806; lived at Froidemont in Belgium an establishment for the
    care of invalid priests; author of _Pretensions to a final
    analysis of the nature and origin of sublimity, style, beauty,
    genius and taste_ 1812; _The life of Cardinal Ximenes_ 1813 and of
    a work in manuscript entitled _A mathematical treatise showing how
    the circle can be squared_. _d._ Froidemont 3 May 1858. _Gillow’s
    English Catholics i_, 144 (1885).

  BARRETT, GEORGE. _b._ Exeter 9 June 1794; made his début on the
    stage at Park theatre New York as one of the children in Dunlap’s
    version of The Stranger 10 Dec. 1798; stage manager of Bowery
    theatre N.Y. 1828; acting manager of Broadway theatre N.Y. 1847;
    the best light comedian in America, known as “Gentleman George”;
    took farewell of the stage at Academy of Music N.Y. 20 Nov. 1855.
    _d._ New York 5 Sep. 1860.

  BARRETT, HENRY MICHAEL. Member of company of T.R. Liverpool; made
    his début in London at Drury Lane theatre as Falstaff in Henry the
    Fourth 31 Dec. 1850; played at Sadlers Wells, Drury Lane and
    Princess’s theatres; played Polonius in Hamlet at the Princess’s
    15 June 1871. _d._ in a cab on his way home from the theatre 15
    June 1871 aged 68.

  BARRETT, JAMES WILLIAM (_brother of Rev. Basil Richard Barrett_).
    The first Roman catholic admitted a solicitor after passing of the
    act by which Roman catholics were enabled to practise as
    solicitors in England; one if not the last of the survivors of the
    English college at Douay. _d._ Speen hill near Newbury, Berks. 20
    Feb. 1864 in 88 year.

  BARRETT, REV. JOHN CASEBOW. Ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox.; B.A. 1833, M.A.
    1837; P.C. of St. Mary’s district parish, Birmingham 1837 to
    death; author of _God’s claims upon youth’s obedience_ 1838;
    _Minister’s trials_ 1846; _Papal aggression_ 1850; _Psalms and
    hymns for the church service_ 1853. _d._ St. Mary’s vicarage,
    Birmingham 26 Feb. 1881 aged 70.

  BARRETT, LUCAS (_eld. son of George Barrett, of London,
    ironfounder_). _b._ London 14 Nov. 1837; ed. at Royston, Univ.
    college school, Ebersdorf in Germany and Trin. coll. Cam.; curator
    of Woodwardian museum Cam. 1855; delivered many lectures for
    Professor Sedgwick at Cam. 1856–58; director of geological survey
    of Jamaica March 1859 to death; comr. for Jamaica at International
    Exhibition 1862; F.G.S. 1855 when only 18; F.L.S. 5 April 1860;
    author of 11 papers on natural history and geology; drowned while
    diving at the Caps outside Port Royal harbour, Jamaica 19 Dec.
    1862. _Proc. of Linnæan Society_ (1863) 31–34; _I.L.N. xlii_, 188
    (1863), _portrait_.

  BARRETT, MICHAEL. A stevedore; lived in Glasgow; member of Fenian
    brotherhood; fired a barrel of gunpowder close to the wall of the
    Clerkenwell House of Detention, London 13 Dec. 1867 which killed 4
    persons and injured about 40; arrested at Glasgow 14 Jany. 1868;
    tried at Central Criminal Court 20–25 April 1868 for murder of
    Sarah Ann Hodgkinson at Clerkenwell, when found guilty and
    sentenced to death; hanged at Newgate by Calcraft 26 May 1868 aged
    27, being last person publicly executed in England. _Central
    Criminal Court, Minutes of evidence by Barnett and Buckler lxvii_,
    486–542 (1868).

  BARRETT, RICHARD. A brewer in Ireland; journalist in Dublin;
    established the _Pilot_ daily evening newspaper 1827 which became
    principal organ of Daniel O’Connell; it was suppressed by
    Government, but Barrett continued it by changing the title to _The
    Morning Register, the Pilot having been suppressed_; sentenced to
    six months imprisonment 1833 for publishing a letter of
    O’Connell’s; prosecuted frequently and imprisoned 3 times. _d._
    Dublin 19 Oct. 1854.

  BARRETT-LENNARD, SIR THOMAS, 1 Baronet (_natural son of Thomas
    Barrett-Lennard, 17 Baron Dacre who d. 12 Jany. 1786_). _b._ 6
    Jany. 1761; assumed by r.l. surname of Barrett-Lennard instead of
    Thomas 13 March 1786; created baronet 30 June 1801. _d._ 40
    Bryanston sq. London 25 June 1857.

    Oct. 1793; ed. at Westminster and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1814;
    succeeded his father 5 March 1829; M.P. for Berkshire 1837–57.
    _d._ Beckett house, Faringdon Berks 9 Feb. 1867. _Burke’s Portrait
    gallery ii_, 61 (1833).

  BARRINGTON, LADY CAROLINE (_3 dau. of Charles Grey, 2 Earl Grey
    1764–1845_). _b._ 30 Aug. 1799. (_m._ 15 Jany. 1827 Hon. George
    Barrington, captain R.N. he was _b._ 20 Nov. 1794 and _d._ 2 June
    1835); governess to children of Queen Victoria Jany. 1851 to
    death. _d._ 28 April 1875.

  BARRINGTON, SIR MATTHEW, 2 Baronet. _b._ Limerick 21 May 1788; crown
    solicitor for province of Munster 1832 to death; succeeded 10
    Jany. 1846. _d._ Dublin 1 April 1861.

  BARRINGTON, SIR WILLIAM HARTIGAN, 3 Baronet. _b._ Dublin 6 Oct.
    1815; sheriff of Limerick 1846; succeeded 1 April 1861. _d._
    Glenstal, Limerick 14 July 1872.

  BARRITT, JAMES LITTLER. Formerly senior partner of firm of Barritt &
    Co. wholesale bible warehouse 173 Fleet st. _d._ St. Margaret’s
    Rochester 18 Aug. 1863 aged 62.

  BARRON, ARTHUR. ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.; B.A. 1820, M.A. 1823;
    fellow of his college; barrister I.T. 24 Nov. 1826; author with
    Alfred Austin of _Reports of cases of controverted elections in
    the 14th Parliament of the United Kingdom_ 1844. _d._ 13 June 1856
    aged 55.

  BARRON, RIGHT REV. EDWARD. _b._ Ireland 1801; studied at college of
    the Propaganda, Rome, D.D.; pastor of St. Mary’s church,
    Philadelphia; pres. of theological seminary of St. Charles
    Borromeo; vicar general of diocese of Philadelphia; missionary to
    Liberia, Africa; embarked from Baltimore 21 Dec. 1841; bishop of
    Constantine and vicar apostolic of the two Guineas 1843–45;
    missionary priest at Philadelphia, St. Louis and in Florida. _d._
    Savannah 12 Sep. 1854. _R. H. Clarke’s Lives of deceased bishops
    ii_, 595–60 (1872).

  BARRON, EDWARD ENFIELD _b._ Norwich; L.S.A. 1832; F.R.C.S. 1844;
    M.D. London 1850, M.R.C.P. 1851; assistant demonstrator at
    Grainger’s school Southwark, then the largest in London, Oct.
    1834, and demonstrator May 1836 to date when school was
    transferred to St. Thomas’s hospital; Post-mortem demonstrator at
    St. Thomas’s; a medical and surgical tutor. _d._ St. John’s,
    Woking 25 Dec. 1878 aged 67.

  BARRON, SIR HENRY WINSTON, 1 Baronet (_eld. son of Pierse Barron of
    Ballyneal co. Waterford 1752–1811_). _b._ Ballyneal 15 Oct. 1795;
    ed. at Trinity coll. Dublin; M.P. for city of Waterford 1832–47,
    1848–52, 1865–68 and 22 Nov. 1869 to 20 Jany. 1870, when his
    election was declared void; created baronet 23 Aug. 1841; sheriff
    of Waterford 1857; author of _Notes on education in Holland and
    Germany_. _d._ 2, Halkin st., Belgrave sq., London 19 April 1872.
    _O’Malley and Hardcastle’s Reports of election petitions ii_, 1–5

  BARRON, WILLIAM. Formerly of the Strand; master of Stationers
    company 1837 and 1841. _d._ Highgate 5 April 1851 aged 82.

  BARROW, REV. ANDREW. _b._ Manchester 27 Jany. 1804; entered Society
    of Jesus at Rome 2 Nov. 1821; prefect of studies at Stonyhurst
    1831; ordained priest 20 Dec. 1834; rector of Stonyhurst college
    14 July 1842; chaplain at Broughton hall, Yorkshire 17 July 1845
    to death; rector of the Yorkshire district 14 April 1860. _d._
    Broughton hall 20 Oct. 1865.

  BARROW, SIR GEORGE, 2 Baronet (_eld. son of Sir John Barrow, 1
    Baronet 1764–1848_). _b._ London 22 Oct. 1806; ed. at the
    Charterhouse; clerk in the colonial office July 1825; chief clerk
    and sec. of order of St. Michael and St. George July 1870 to 29
    Sep. 1872; C.M.G. 28 May 1874; author of _Ceylon past and present_
    1857. _d._ 24 Addison road, Kensington 27 Feb. 1876. _I.L.N.
    lxviii_, 263, 407 (1876), _portrait_.

  BARROW, JOHN HENRY. Edited the _Mirror of Parliament_; author of
    _Characteristic sketches of animals principally from the
    Zoological gardens, Regent’s Park_ 1832; _Emir Malek, prince of
    the assassins an historical novel of the thirteenth century_
    [_anon._] _3 vols._ 1837. _d._ Newington, Surrey 30 March 1858.

  BARROW, LOUSADA. Lieutenant col. Madras staff corps 18 Feb. 1863 to
    death; chief comr. of Oude 1869–74; M.G. 26 March 1870. _d._
    Southlands, Ryde, Isle of Wight 1 Oct. 1877 aged 61.

  BARROW, RICHARD (_3 son of Rev. Richard Barrow, 64 years vicar
    choral of collegiate church of Southwell who d. 23 Feb. 1838 aged
    90_). _b._ 20 July 1787; a merchant trading with Spain and
    Portugal; took over the Staveley coal and iron works 1840 which he
    greatly extended; sold the collieries and works to a limited
    liability company for £600,000 in 1864; chairman of board of
    directors of this company 1864 to death; made greater part of iron
    work for Great Exhibition of 1862 and iron tubes for London
    Pneumatic despatch company 1862. _d._ London 10 Jany. 1865.
    _I.L.N. xxxvi_, 596, 610 (1860), _portrait_.

  BARROW, WILLIAM HODGSON (_elder brother of the preceding_). _b._ 1
    Sep. 1784; ed. at collegiate school Southwell; practised as an
    attorney 1806–33; sheriff of Notts 1845; M.P. for South Notts 17
    Feb. 1851 to 26 Jany. 1874. _d._ Southwell 29 Jany. 1876.

  BARRY, SIR CHARLES (_4 son of Walter Edward Barry of Westminster,
    stationer who d. 1805_). _b._ Bridge st. Westminster 23 May 1795;
    travelled in France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Palestine,
    Syria, and Sicily 1817–20; architect in Ely place, Holborn Aug.
    1820, removed to 27 Foley place, Cavendish sq. 1827 and to 32
    Great George st. 1841; erected Traveller’s club 1829–31, Reform
    club 1837–39 and Bridgwater house 1847; awarded the prize for
    design of Houses of Parliament 29 Feb. 1836, first stone laid 27
    April 1840 opened by the Queen 3 Feb. 1852; A.R.A. 1840, R.A.
    1842; F.R.S. 7 June 1849; knighted at Windsor Castle 11 Feb. 1852.
    (_m._ 7 Dec. 1822 Sarah dau. of Samuel Rowsell, stationer, she
    _d._ 7 April 1882 in 83 year). _d._ Elm house, Clapham Common 12
    May 1860. _bur._ nave of Westminster Abbey 22 May. _Memoir by
    Alfred Barry, D.D., 2 ed._ 1870, _portrait_; _Sandby’s History of
    Royal Academy ii_, 203–209 (1862).

  BARRY, EDWARD MIDDLETON (_3 son of Sir Charles Barry_). _b._ 27
    Foley place, London 7 June 1830; ed. at King’s college school;
    pupil of Thomas Henry Wyatt; student at the R.A. 1848; assisted
    his father to 1860; reconstructed Covent Garden theatre in short
    space of 8 months, opened 15 May 1858; designed the Floral hall
    opened 7 March 1860; architect to Houses of Parliament 1860 to
    death; A.R.A. 29 Jany. 1861, R.A. July 1869; professor of
    architecture at the R.A. 16 May 1873 to death and treasurer March
    1874 to death. _d._ at council table of Royal Academy 27 Jany.
    1880. _Lectures on architecture with memoir_ 1881, _portrait_;
    _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E. lxiii_, 322–26 (1881); _I.L.N.
    xxxviii_, 178 (1861), _portrait_.

  BARRY, GEORGE. _b._ Cork 1825; a merchant; M.P. for co. Cork 29 July
    1865 to death. _d._ St. Leonards on Sea 31 Jany. 1867.

  BARRY, JAMES. A woman; ed. Univ. of Edin.; M.D. 1812; entered army
    dressed like a man as a hospital assistant at Plymouth 5 July
    1813; served at Malta many years and at Cape of Good Hope where
    she fought a duel with another officer; inspector general of
    hospitals 7 Dec. 1858 to 19 July 1859 when placed on h.p.;
    maintained assumption of manhood down to her death. _d._ 14
    Margaret St., London 25 July 1865 aged 73. _Medical times and
    gazette ii_, 227, 293, 350 (1865).

  BARRY, JAMES (_brother of Sir Charles Barry, R.A._) Head of firm of
    Barry and Hayward of Queenhithe wholesale stationers about 1830 to
    death. _d._ Eliot Bank, Forest Hill 3 Jany. 1885 in 93 year.

  BARRY, JAMES HUGH SMITH. _b._ 1816; sheriff of Cheshire 1846; formed
    a fine collection of antique sculpture and more than 300 pictures
    at Marbury hall near Northwich. _d._ Dec, 1857. _Waagen’s
    Galleries of art_ (1857) 406–13.

  BARRY, JAMES REDMOND. _b._ 1789; one of foremost of southern Irish
    leaders in struggle for Catholic emancipation; inspector general
    of Irish fisheries; a comr. of Irish fisheries about 1830–75;
    claimed ancient title of Viscount Buttevant 1825. _d._ Glandore
    co. Cork 18 June 1879.

  BARRY, RIGHT REV. JOHN. _b._ Barony of Forth, co. Wexford about
    1799; studied at Charleston; ordained in cathedral of St. Finbar
    24 Sep. 1825; pastor of church of the Holy Trinity at Augusta,
    Georgia 1826–54; vicar general of diocese of Charleston and
    superior of the theological seminary 1844; vicar general of
    diocese of Savannah 1853; bishop of Savannah 1857 to death;
    consecrated in Baltimore cathedral 2 Aug. 1857; sailed from New
    York 2 July 1859. _d._ Convent of the Brothers’ Hospitalers of St.
    John of God at Paris 19 Nov. 1859. _R. H. Clarke’s Lives of
    deceased bishops ii_, 551–54 (1872).

  BARRY, JOHN O’BRIEN MILNER. _b._ 1815; B.L. Univ. of Paris 1834;
    M.D. Edin. 1837; L.R.C.S. Edin. 1838; M.R.C.P. 1859, F.R.C.P.
    1876; physician at Laugharne, at Totnes and at Tunbridge Wells
    1852 to death; author of essays on ‘Cystine’ and ‘Leucocythemia’
    in the _Medical Archives_ 1858–60. _d._ Tunbridge Wells 15 Sep.

  BARRY, JOHN THOMAS. _b._ 1789; entered house of Allen Hanbury and
    Barry of Plough court, Lombard st., chemists and druggists about
    1804, one of the managers; introduced method of evaporation in
    vacuo for preparation of medicinal extracts; an original member of
    Pharmaceutical Society 15 April 1841. _d._ Hornsey March 1864.

  BARRY, MARTIN (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Fratton, Hants 28
    March 1802; studied medicine in Univs. of Edin. Paris, Erlanger,
    Heidelberg and Berlin; M.R.C.S. Edin.; M.D. Edin. 1833; F.R.S.
    Edin.; F.R.C.P. Edin.; ascended Mont Blanc 16 Sep. 1834 being 16th
    ascent then made; F.R.S. 13 Feb. 1840; royal medallist 30 Nov.
    1839; made important discovery of presence of Spermatozoa within
    the ovum 1843; house surgeon Royal maternity hospital Edinburgh
    1844; lived abroad 1849–53; author of _Ascent to the summit of
    Mont Blanc_ 1836; _Researches in embryology 3 series_ 1839–40.
    _d._ Beccles, Suffolk 27 April 1855. _Edinburgh Medical journal
    i_, 81–91 (1856); _Proc. of Royal Society viii_, 577–82 (1855);
    _Annual Monitor for 1856, pp._ 13–18.

  BARRY, PHILIP. _b._ 1789; 2nd lieut. R.E. 10 Feb. 1809; col. R.E. 17
    Feb. 1854 to 13 Jan. 1855; M.G. 13 Jany. 1855. _d._ Guernsey 17
    April 1869.

  BARRY, SIR REDMOND (_3 son of major general Henry Green Barry of
    Ballyclough, co. Cork who d. 14 May 1838 aged 68_). _b._ Air hill,
    co. Cork 1813; ed. at Hall place Kent and Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A.
    1837, LLD. 1876; called to Irish bar 1838; went to Sydney 1839;
    comr. of court of requests at Melbourne 1842; solicitor general of
    Victoria 1850; judge of supreme court of Victoria 25 Aug. 1851;
    chancellor of univ. of Melbourne 7 May 1853; pres. of trustees of
    Melbourne public library 1856; knighted by patent 24 May 1860;
    represented colony of Victoria at great exhibitions in London 1862
    and in Philadelphia 1876; LL.B. and M.A. univ. of Melbourne 1863;
    administered government of Victoria 3 Jany. 1875 to 10 Jany. 1875;
    K.C.M.G. 30 May 1877. _d._ Melbourne 23 Nov. 1880. _Men of the
    time in Australia_ (1878) 10–11.

  BARRY, THOMAS. _b._ Ireland; performed with Samwell’s circus 1842;
    clown to the ring at Astley’s amphitheatre London 1843–48 and
    1851–56; kept the Clown tavern 40 Bridge road, Lambeth 1848–50 and
    March 1856 to 1857. (_m._ Mrs. Campbell of City of London
    theatre). _d._ 26 March 1857 aged 47. _bur._ Norwood cemetery.
    _Autobiography of Baron Nicholson_ (1860) 348–52; _H. Valentine’s
    Behind the curtain_ (1848) 76–78; _I.L.N. v_, 193 (1844),
    _portrait, xxiii_, 460 (1853), _portrait_.

  BARRY, WILLIAM WHITTAKER (_3 son of Rev. Henry Barry, R. of Draycott
    Cerne, Wilts who d. 10 Aug. 1850 aged 60_). Gained first law
    studentship awarded by the Inns of Court Jany. 1853; barrister
    L.I. 30 April 1853; author of _A treatise on the statutory
    jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery_ 1861; _A walking tour round
    Ireland in 1865 by an Englishman_ 1867; _A walking tour in
    Normandy_ [_anon._] 1868. _d._ on the Krimmler Tavern pass in the
    Tyrol 1 Oct. 1875.

  BARRY, WILLIAM WIGRAM (_brother of Sir Redmond Barry_). _b._ 28 May
    1827; 2 lieut. R.A. 1 May 1846; col. 1 Oct. 1877 to death;
    brigadier general Bombay 23 July 1877 to 4 April 1879; M.G. 1 May
    1880; granted service reward 1 Oct. 1882; C.B. 28 Feb. 1861. _d._
    Hotel Royal, Naples 19 April 1883.

  BARRYMORE, MRS. (_dau. of Mr. Adams_). _b._ 1783; dancer at the old
    Royal Circus now Surrey Theatre, London 1803; the most graceful
    dancer in London for some years; her power of pantomimic
    expression as the dumb girl Finella contributed much to success of
    Auber’s opera Massaniello when first produced at Drury Lane 4 May
    1829; made her début in America at the Park Theatre, New York 21
    Aug. 1831; taught dancing at Boston to 1846. (_m._ William
    Barrymore of London, dramatist who _d._ Boston 16 Feb. 1845). _d._
    London 6 Jany. 1863.

  BARSTOW, JAMES PULTENEY (_eld son of Nathaniel Barstow, of Wetherby,
    Yorkshire_). Barrister G.I. 18 Nov. 1824; bencher 1 May 1854;
    treasurer 30 Jan. 1856. _d._ Sandgate, Folkestone 8 Sep. 1873.

  BARTER, CHARLES. Worked in Royal botanic gardens, Kew 1849–51;
    foreman of Royal botanic society Regents Park 1851–57; botanist to
    Niger expedition under W. B. Baikie 1857 to death; author of _The
    Dorp and the Veld or six months in Natal_ 1852. _d._ Rabba on the
    Niger 15 July 1859.

  BARTER, RICHARD. _b._ Cooldaniel, co. Cork 1802; M.R.C.S. 1828;
    Physician of Dispensary Inniscana, Cork; opened St. Anne’s water
    cure establishment at Blarney; set up the first hot-air baths in
    Ireland, also the first hot-air baths without vapour—the so-called
    Turkish bath. _d._ Blarney 3 Oct. 1870. _Recollections of the late
    Dr. Barter, Dublin_ 1875.

  BARTER, REV. ROBERT SPECCOTT (_youngest son of Rev. Charles Barter
    V. of Cornworthy near Totnes, Devon, 71 years who d. 26 April 1846
    aged 97_). _b._ Cornworthy 3 July 1790; ed. at Tiverton gr. sch.
    Winchester and New coll. Ox.; B.C.L. 1815; commoner tutor at
    Winchester to Dec. 1814; tutor of New college 1815–30 when he
    resigned; Bursar 1817, Poser 1817, Sub-warden 1820; Warden of
    Winchester 18 May 1822 to death. _d._ College st. Winchester 8
    Feb. 1861. _Rev. H. C. Adams’s History of Winchester college_
    (1878) _pp._ 322–42.

  BARTER, REV. WILLIAM BRUDENELL (_elder brother of the preceding_).
    _b._ Jany. 1788; ed. at Tiverton, Westminster and Ch. Ch. Ox.,
    B.A. 1809, M.A. 1813; Fellow of Oriel coll. 1811; tutor in family
    of Lord Carnarvon; R. of Highclere, Hants 1825 to death; R. of
    Burghclere, Hants 1825 to death; published many letters and
    pamphlets on the topics of the day. _d._ Burghclere 16 Nov. 1858.

  BARTH, HEINRICH. _b._ Hamburg 16 Feb. 1821; ed. at Univ. of Berlin;
    a lecturer in the Univ.; went with James Richardson to Central
    Africa 1849, returned 1855; C.B. 17 Nov. 1858; foreign associate
    of Royal Geographical Society; pres. of Geographical society of
    Berlin; professor extraordinary at Univ. of Berlin; author of
    _Travels in North and Central Africa_ 1857. _d._ Berlin 25 Nov.
    1865. _Journal of Royal Geog. Soc. xxxvi_, 134–36 (1866);
    _Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie ii_, 96–99 (1875).

  BARTHELÉMY, EMANUEL. Shot a gensdarme in Paris; condemned to the
    galleys for life, set free 1830; greatly distinguished himself in
    revolution of June 1848; fled to England 1848; shot Cournet a
    French political exile in a duel at Englefield Green near Egham 19
    Oct. 1852; murdered George Moore and Charles Collard at 73 Warren
    st. Fitzroy square, London 8 Dec. 1854; tried at Central criminal
    court 4 Jany. 1855, found guilty and sentenced to death; executed
    at Newgate 22 Jany. 1855. _A.R._ (1852) 170, (1854) 206–212,
    (1855) 14–16; _Central criminal court trials xli_, 298–307 (1855).

  BARTHOLOMEW, ANNE CHARLOTTE (_dau. of Arnol Fayerman_) _b._ Loddon,
    Norfolk 28 March 1800; member of Society of Female artists and of
    Society of Water colour painters; exhibited 29 pictures at the
    R.A. and 39 at Suffolk St. gallery 1841–62; author of _Its only my
    aunt_, a farce 1825, first acted at Marylebone theatre May 1849;
    _Songs of Azrael_ 1840 and _The ring or the farmer’s daughter_, a
    drama 1845. (_m._ (1) 1827 Walter Turnbull, musical composer, he
    _d._ 1838. _m._ (2) 30 July 1840 Valentine Bartholomew). _d._ 23
    Charlotte st. Rathbone place 18 Aug. 1862. _E. C. Clayton’s
    English female artists i_, 398–400 (1876).

  BARTHOLOMEW, VEN. JOHN (_son of Rev. John Bartholomew, head master
    of Exeter Gr. Sch._) _b._ Exeter Oct. 1790; ed. at Exeter Gr.
    Sch., Winchester and C. C. Coll. Ox.; Scholar, B.A. 1813, M.A.
    1820; P.C, of Withycombe Rawleigh, Devon 1817; P.C. of Sowton
    1819; R. of Lympstone 1820; R. of Morchard Bishop, Devon 1831;
    Preb. of Exeter Cath. 9 May 1831; Canon Res. of Exeter Cath. Sep.
    1840 to death; Archdeacon of Barnstaple 3 Aug. 1847 to death. _d._
    Morchard Bishop Rectory 24 Sep. 1865.

  BARTHOLOMEW, VALENTINE (_son of Josiah Bartholomew of Clerkenwell,
    watchmaker 1766–1847_). _b._ 18 Jany. 1799; flower painter; member
    of Water Colour Society 1835 to death; exhibited 20 pictures at
    the R.A. and 27 at Suffolk st. gallery 1826–56; flower painter in
    ordinary to Duchess of Kent and to Queen Victoria, (_m._ (1) 1827
    Evelina Charlotte Adelaide only dau. of Joseph Nicholas
    Hullmandel, musician, she _d._ 1 Jany. 1839. _m._ (2) 30 July 1840
    A. C. Turnbull). _d._ 23 Charlotte st. Rathbone place 21 March

  BARTHOLOMEW, WILLIAM. _b._ London 1793; chemist, violin player and
    flower painter; translated or adapted the words of most of
    Mendelssohn’s vocal works; received gold medal of merit from king
    of Prussia for the Antigone; wrote English words for Méhul’s
    Joseph, Spohr’s Jessonda, and Costa’s Eli, Naaman, and The Dream,
    (_m._ 1853 Ann Sheppard Mounsey, vocal composer). _d._ London 18
    Aug. 1867.

  BARTLETT, JOHN SHERREN. _b._ Dorset; surgeon R.N. 1812; a prisoner
    of war at Boston U.S. 1812–13; surgeon at Boston 1813; removed to
    New York; founded _The Albion_ weekly paper 1822; edited it
    1822–47; founded _The Anglo-Saxon_ weekly paper at Boston 1847;
    published _The European_ at Liverpool; British consul at Baltimore
    1857. _d._ New Jersey 24 Aug. 1863 aged 73.

  BARTLETT, LAVINIA STRICKLAND. _b._ Preston Andover 27 Nov. 1806; a
    baptist 26 Oct. 1828; a teacher of the New Park st. chapel Sunday
    schools London 1859 to death. _d._ 2 Aug. 1875. _Mrs. Bartlett and
    her class by her son E. H. Bartlett_ 1877, _portrait_.

  BARTLETT, ROBERT. _b._ Patcham near Brighton 1782; huntsman to the
    Brookside harriers, to Duke of Dorset’s hounds at Knowle in Kent,
    on the Duke’s death in 1815 they were sold to Charles Shard of
    Winkfield, Berks where Bartlett was huntsman several seasons;
    huntsman to Colonel Wyndham at Singleton, Sussex to 1825; whip to
    the Royal hounds 1825–53. _d._ near the royal kennels, Ascot Heath
    12 Nov. 1856.

  BARTLETT, REV. SYMEON TAYLOR. Ed. at Clare coll. Cam., LL.B. 1840,
    LLD. 1846; R. of Everley, Wilts 1857 to death; edited _Cicero’s
    Letters to his friends, Xenophon’s Anabasis, Horace’s Satires,
    Cicero de Oratore_ and _Cicero de Senectute_. _d._ 1877.

  BARTLETT, THOMAS. _b._ 7 July 1818; worked under Thomas Brassey the
    railway contractor; constructed the Victor Emmanuel railway
    between France and Italy; executed works on Bilboa railway, Spain;
    invented an automatic tunnel boring machine, preceding in date
    that used in the Mont Cenis tunnel; A.I.C.E. 1845, M.I.C.E. 1852.
    _d._ Lisbon 23 July 1864.

  BARTLETT, REV. THOMAS. _b._ 1789; ed. at St. Edmund’s hall Ox.; B.A.
    1813, M.A. 1816; R. of Kingstone, Kent 1816–51; R. of Chevening,
    Kent 1851–54; V. of Luton, Beds. 1854–57; R. of Burton Latimer
    1857 to death; author of _Memoir of Bishop Butler_ 1839; _An index
    to Butler’s Analogy_ 1842, and of many pamphlets, letters and
    sermons maintaining evangelical tenets. _d._ Burton Latimer 28 May

  BARTLETT, WILLIAM HENRY. _b._ Kentish town, London 26 March 1809;
    articled to John Britton the architect 1822–29; made 6 journeys to
    the East 1834–54, and 4 journeys to America 1836–52; edited
    _Sharpe’s London Magazine_ March 1849 to June 1852; author of
    _Forty days in the desert on the track of the Israelites_ 1848 _3
    ed._ 1849; _The Nile boat, or glimpses of the land of Egypt_ 1849
    _2 ed._ 1850; _Gleanings pictorial and antiquarian on the overland
    route_ 1851. (_m._ 6 July 1831 Susanna Moon, she was granted a
    civil list pension of £75 4 Oct. 1858). _d._ on board French
    steamer Egyptus off Malta 13 Sep. 1854. _bur._ in the sea 14 Sep.
    _Brief memoir by Wm. Beattie M.D._ 1855, _portrait_; _Notice by J.
    Britton in Art journal_ 1855, _pp._ 24–26, _reprinted privately_

  BARTLEY, GEORGE (_younger son of Mr. Bartley, box-keeper of the Bath
    theatre_). _b._ Bath 1782; a strolling player; made his début in
    London at Drury Lane as Orlando in As you like it 18 Dec. 1802;
    joined Incledon in his entertainment at the Lyceum theatre called
    A voyage to India 24 April 1807; manager at Glasgow theatre
    1809–11, also at Dundee and Perth; made his début in New York as
    Falstaff 18 Nov. 1818; played at Covent Garden and Lyceum; stage
    manager of former house about 1830–40; took his farewell of the
    stage at Princess’s theatre 18 Dec. 1852. _d._ 11 Woburn sq.,
    London 22 July 1858. _bur._ in St Mary’s churchyard Oxford 30
    July. _Metropolitan Mag. xvii_, 366–69 (1836); _I.L.N. i_, 405
    (1842), _portrait xxii_, 141 (1853), _portrait_.

  BARTON, CHARLES JAMES. 2 Lieut. Bombay artillery 12 Dec. 1845;
    lieut. col. 26 April 1866 to 1 Aug. 1872; M.G. 1 Aug. 1872. _d._
    Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. 19 Nov. 1879 aged 52.

  BARTON, EZEKIEL. Entered Bengal army 1799; col. 71 N.I. 11 March
    1841 to 8 Feb. 1843; col. 46 N.I. 8 Feb. 1843 to death; L.G. 11
    Nov. 1851. _d._ Irthlingborough house near Higham Ferrers 4 June
    1855 aged 73.

  BARTON, RALPH. Entered navy 2 March 1812; captain 9 Nov. 1846;
    retired admiral 1 Aug. 1877. _d._ South hill cottage, Southport 14
    Jany, 1881 aged 83.

  BARTON, RICHARD BOLTON (_eld. son of John Barton of Dublin_). _b._
    1819; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A. 1844, LLD. 1868; barrister
    G.I. 30 Jany. 1850; went to India about 1855; chief magistrate,
    coroner and chief comr. of insolvency at Bombay. _d._ Stour lodge,
    Bradfield Essex 27 Dec. 1882.

  BARTON, SIR ROBERT (_5 son of Wm. Barton of Grove, co. Tipperary_).
    _b._ Fethard, co. Tipperary 1770; volunteer in French national
    guard 1790; major 2 life guards 14 June 1805 to 28 April 1814;
    major 60 foot 28 April 1814 to 25 March 1816 when placed on h.p.;
    general 11 Nov. 1851; K.C.H. 1 March 1837. _d._ 2 Montague place,
    Montague sq. London 17 March 1853.

  BARTON, SAMUEL. _b._ 23 April 1789; pupil of Abernethy at St.
    Bartholomew’s hospital; surgeon at Manchester 1811; surgeon to the
    Eye hospital 1815; made a splendid collection of pictures and
    engravings. _d._ Whalley Range near Manchester 18 April 1871.
    Personalty sworn under £100,000 May 1871.

  BARTON, WILLIAM HENRY (_eld son of Sir John Barton, treasurer to
    Queen Adelaide, he d. 25 Aug. 1834 aged 63_). _b._ 1802; connected
    with the Mint 38 years; deputy master and comptroller 1851 to
    death. _d._ the Cottage, Bushey park, Teddington 25 Aug. 1868.

  BARTON, WILLIAM WHITTLE. _b._ Liverpool; pastor of Methodist new
    connexion at Rochdale, the chapel in Zachary Rochdale was opened 2
    June 1822; town surveyor of Rochdale 1818–58. _d._ 1859.

  BARWELL, LOUISA MARY (_dau. of Richard Mackenzie Bacon of Norwich,
    journalist 1775–1844_). _b._ parish of St. Peter, Mancroft,
    Norwich 4 March 1800; assisted her father to edit _Quarterly
    Musical Magazine_ 1818; contributed frequently to _Quarterly
    journal of Education_ from about 1831; great friend of Lady Noel
    Byron; author of _Little lessons for little learners_ 1833 (in
    monosyllables) and 14 subsequent editions; _The value of time_
    1834 and 14 other books. (_m._ John Barwell of Norwich, wine
    merchant 1798–1876.) _d._ Norwich 2 Feb. 1885.

  BASDEN, JAMES LEWIS. Ensign Scotch brigade 12 Jany. 1800; lieut.
    col. 89th foot 6 July 1838 to 16 June 1843 when he retired on full
    pay; C.B. 26 Dec. 1818. _d._ Newton villa, Westbourne grove,
    London 22 May 1856.

  BASEVI, JAMES PALLADIO (_son of George Basevi of London, architect
    1794–1845_). _b._ 23 Feb. 1832; ed. at Rugby, Cheltenham and
    Addiscombe; 2 lieut. R.E. 12 Dec. 1851, captain 15 Feb. 1861;
    assistant in great trigonometrical survey of India 18 Jany. 1856,
    surveyor 1st grade 1 April 1866 to death. (_m._ Charlotte Louisa,
    she was granted a civil list pension of £100 29 April 1874). _d._
    at east end of Changchenmo valley in the Himalayas 17 July 1871.
    _Journal of Royal Geog. soc. xlii_, 163–67 (1872); _Monthly
    notices of Royal astron. soc. xxxii_, 109–11 (1872).

  BASHAM, WILLIAM RICHARD. _b._ Diss, Norfolk 1804; clerk in a bank;
    studied at Westminster hospital; M.D. Edin. 1834; M.R.C.P. 1838,
    F.R.C.P. 1850, Censor 1864–66 and 1873 and Croonian lecturer 1864;
    phys. to Westminster hospital 1843, and lecturer on medicine
    1849–71; author of _On dropsy connected with disease of the
    kidneys_ 1858, _2 ed._ 1862; _Renal diseases_ 1870; _Aids to the
    diagnosis of diseases of the kidneys_ 1872. _d._ 17 Chester st.
    Belgrave sq. 16 Oct. 1877.

  BASIRE, JAMES. _b._ 1796; engraver; engraved some pretty plates of
    Sussex country houses. _d._ London 17 May 1869.

  BASS, CHARLES (_first cousin to Wm. Evans Burton the comedian_).
    _b._ London 5 March 1803; manager of Caledonian theatre Edinburgh
    about 1829; acted at the old Park theatre New York 1844–45;
    director of the American Dramatic fund; resided at Hamilton, Upper
    Canada; published _Lectures on Canada_ 1863. _d._ Hamilton 5 May
    1863. _Morgan’s Bibliotheca Canadensis_ (1867) 20–21.

  BASS, MICHAEL THOMAS (_eld. son of Michael Thomas Bass of
    Burton-on-Trent, brewer 1760–1827_). _b._ Burton-on-Trent 6 July
    1799; brewer at Burton; M.P. for Derby 1848–83; introduced and
    carried a bill by which house-holders might require street
    musicians to quit neighbourhood of their houses; built and endowed
    church of St. Paul at Burton; gave to town of Derby a large
    recreation ground, public swimming baths, a free library opened 28
    June 1879 and an art gallery. _d._ Rangemoor Burton-on-Trent 29
    April 1884. _Fortunes made in business ii_, 407–50 (1884);
    _Graphic xxix_, 457 (1884), _portrait_; _I.L.N. lxxxiv_, 440
    (1884), _portrait_.

  BASSANO, ALFRED. _b._ 25 June 1826; ensign 32 foot 3 April 1846;
    commanded the troops in China 28 July 1877 to 3 June 1878; M.G. 12
    Dec. 1877; C.B. 24 May 1873. _d._ 2 Inverness place, Bayswater 12
    Sep. 1882.

  BASSET, FRANCES BASSET, Baroness. _b._ 30 April 1781; succeeded 5
    Feb. 1835. _d._ Tehidy park, Redruth, Cornwall 22 Jany. 1855.

  BASTARD, JAMES STOKES. 2 Lieut. R.A. 15 Nov. 1800; col. 9 Nov. 1846
    to 20 June 1854; L.G. 24 Jany. 1857. _d._ Charlton 10 June 1871
    aged 87.

  BATCHELDOR, THOMAS (_2 son of Robert Batcheldor of Cholesbury,
    Bucks, farmer_). _b._ 23 July 1796; student of Gray’s Inn 14 Nov.
    1827; practised as a conveyancer; registrar of Eton College 1827
    to death; chapter clerk to dean and canons of Windsor 1843 to
    death; steward of the courts of Eton College; F.S.A. 21 June 1855.
    _d._ The Cloisters, Windsor Castle 24 July 1866.

  BATE, WILLIAM THORNTON (_son of Wm. Bate, governor of Ascension
    island_). _b._ 1820; ed. at royal naval college Portsmouth
    1833–35; midshipman R.N. 1835; mate of the Blenheim 74 guns 19
    March 1841; captain of the Actæon surveying vessel 6 Feb. 1857 to
    death; F.R.A.S. 9 March 1849; killed at storming of Canton 29 Dec.
    1857. _Memoir by Rev. John Baillie, 3 ed._ 1862, _portrait_.

  BATEMAN, CHARLES PHILIP BUTLER (_son of Nathaniel Bateman, Captain
    R.N._) _b._ Wormley Herts 1776; Captain R.N. 25 Sep. 1806; Admiral
    on h.p. 18 June 1857. _d._ Corston near Bath 23 Nov. 1857.

  BATEMAN, COLTHURST. _b._ 2 Oct. 1780; sheriff of co. Kerry 1832–40.
    _d._ Sherborne 2 Aug. 1859.

  BATEMAN, HEZEKIAH LINTHICUM. _b._ Baltimore 6 Dec. 1812; an actor
    1832; played in the leading juvenile business; manager of the St.
    Louis theatre 1855–59; first appeared in England at Adelphi
    theatre, London 12 June 1865 as David of Ruthin in _Geraldine_;
    lessee of Lyceum theatre, London 11 Sep. 1871 to death; produced
    _The Bells_ a version by Leopold Lewis of Erckmann-Chatrian’s Le
    Juif Polonais 25 Nov. 1871, and Hamlet 30 Oct. 1874 which ran till
    29 June 1875, the longest run on record. (_m._ 10 Nov. 1839 Sidney
    Frances Cowell). _d._ Rutland lodge, South place, Knightsbridge,
    London 22 March 1875.

  BATEMAN, JAMES. _b._ Lancaster 9 Oct. 1805; entered Society of Jesus
    at Mont-Rouge, France 7 Sep. 1826; ordained priest 24 Sep. 1836; a
    Spiritual Coadjutor 2 Feb. 1845; rector of St. Aloysius’ college
    Lancs. 13 March 1858 to Nov. 1861; missioner at Blackpool 1865, at
    Bournemouth 1874 and at Newhall 1877 to death. _d._ Newhall 17
    June 1879.

  BATEMAN, JOHN. _b._ 1792; Sheriff of Kerry 1820; M.P. for Tralee 7
    Aug. 1837 to 12 March 1838. _d._ 1863.

  BATEMAN, JOSEPH (_son of William Bateman of Selby, sailor_). _b._
    Selby 4 March 1797; clerk in Board of Excise, London 1829–46;
    assistant solicitor to the Excise 4 July 1846 to 6 Jany. 1849 when
    department of stamps and taxes was amalgamated with the Excise;
    barrister L.I. 27 Jany. 1847; author of _The general turnpike
    acts_ 1828, _4 ed._ 1852; _Precedents of private acts of
    Parliament_ 1829; _A practical treatise on the law of auctions_
    1838, _6 ed._ 1882; _The laws of Excise_ 1843, _3 ed._ 1865. _d._
    Walthamstow, Essex 10 Nov. 1863.

  BATEMAN, SIDNEY FRANCES (_dau. of Joseph Cowell of New York,
    comedian 1792–1863_). _b._ New York 29 March 1823; author of a
    drama called ‘_Self_’ produced at People’s Theatre St. Louis 6
    April 1857; _Geraldine or the master passion_ produced at
    Philadelphia 1859, afterwards at Adelphi theatre London 12 June
    1865; lessee of Lyceum theatre 22 March 1875 to Aug. 1878, of
    Sadlers Wells theatre 1879 to death, rebuilt the interior and
    opened it 9 Oct. 1879. (_m._ 10 Nov. 1839 Hezekiah Linthicum
    Bateman). _d._ Taviton st. Gordon sq. London 13 Jany. 1881.

  BATEMAN, THOMAS (_only child of Wm. Bateman of Middleton by
    Youlgreave, Derbyshire 1787–1835_). _b._ Rowsley 8 Nov. 1821; made
    an extensive series of excavations in the tumuli of Yorkshire,
    Staffordshire and Derbyshire; fellow of Ethnological society;
    author of _Vestiges of the antiquities of Derbyshire_ 1848; _Ten
    years diggings in Celtic and Saxon grave-hills_ 1861; contributed
    largely to antiquarian periodicals. _d._ Lomberdale house near
    Bakewell 28 Aug. 1861. _Reliquary ii_, 87–97 (1862), _portrait_;
    _Journal Brit. Archæol. Assoc. xviii_, 362–7 (1862).

  BATEMAN, THOMAS HUDSON. Barrister M.T. 24 Nov. 1815; comr. of
    bankrupts for Halifax; judge of borough court, Lancaster. _d._

  BATEMAN, THOMAS OSBORNE (_4 son of Richard Bateman, sheriff of
    Derbyshire who d. 1821_). _b._ Foston hall, Derbyshire 1 March
    1809; ed. at Newark gr. sch., Harrow and St. John’s coll. Cam.;
    B.A. 1834; student at Lincoln’s Inn; restored ancient stained
    glass windows in Morley church 1847; bought Hartington hall
    Derbyshire from Duke of Devonshire 1857; built mansion of
    Breadsall Mount 1864; author of many pamphlets and letters. _d._
    14 Jany. 1874. _Reliquary xv_, 97–101 (1875).

  BATES, REV. JOHN ELLISON. Ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox.; student of Ch. Ch.;
    rowed No. 3 in Oxford boat against Cambridge 1829; B.A. 1831, M.A.
    1833; P.C. of Ch. Ch. Litherland Jany. 1842; P.C. of Ch. Ch.
    Hougham in Dover 1844 to death. _d._ Priory Gate 17 Feb. 1856.

  BATES, JOSHUA (_only son of Colonel Joshua Bates of Weymouth near
    Boston U.S._) _b._ Weymouth 1788; merchant at Boston 1809–12; sent
    to London 1812 by W. R. Gray of Boston, largest shipowner in
    America; banker with John Baring in London 1826–28 when they
    became partners in bank of Baring brothers; naturalised by private
    act of parliament 5 and 6 Vict. c. 49.; gave sum of 50,000 dollars
    to Boston public library 1852, also nearly 27,000 books, library
    was opened 1854 and the large hall named after him, the Bates
    hall. _d._ New lodge, Windsor Forest 24 Sep. 1864. Personalty
    sworn under £600,000 Jany. 1865.

  BATES, THOMAS. _b._ 1810; ed. at Jesus coll. Cam., 8 Wrangler 1834;
    fellow of his college; barrister L.I. 3 May 1839. _d._ Heddon,
    Northumberland 30 Jany. 1882.

  BATES, REV. WILLIAM (_4 son of John Moore Bates of Heddon,
    Northumberland_). Ed. at Ch. coll. Cam., B.A. 1836, M.A. 1839,
    B.D. 1847, D.D. 1858; fellow, dean, lecturer and tutor of his
    college; R. of Burnham Westgate, Norfolk 1849 to death; author of
    _College lectures on ecclesiastical history_ 1844, _2 ed._ 1848;
    _College lectures on Christian antiquities and the ritual of the
    English church_ 1845, _2 ed._ 1852. _d._ Burnham rectory 22 Nov.

  BATES, WILLIAM. B.A. London 1857; a teacher of languages; professor
    of classics in Sydenham medical college Birmingham; professor of
    classics in Queen’s college Birmingham to death; M.R.C.S. 1874;
    medical officer to Birmingham borough fever hospital 1875–84;
    author of _George Cruikshank the artist_ 1878; _The Maclise
    portrait gallery of illustrious literary characters with memoirs_
    1873, _new ed._ 1883. _d._ 19 The Crescent, Birmingham 24 Sep.
    1884 aged about 60. _Edgbastonia Oct. 1884, portrait_.

  BATESON, SIR ROBERT, 1 Baronet (_only son of Thomas Bateson
    1752–1811_). _b._ 13 March 1780; sheriff of county Down 1809;
    created a baronet 18 Dec. 1818; M.P. for Londonderry 16 Aug. 1830
    to May 1842. _d._ Belvoir park, Belfast 21 April 1863.

  BATESON, SIR ROBERT HARVEY, 2 Baronet. _b._ 1787; succeeded his
    uncle 1825. _d._ Castruse, co. Donegal 15 April 1870.

  BATESON, REV. WILLIAM HENRY (_son of Richard Bateson of Liverpool,
    merchant_). _b._ Liverpool 3 June 1812; ed. at Shrewsbury and St.
    John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1836, M.A. 1839, B.D. 1846, D.D. 1857;
    fellow of his college Feb. 1837, senior bursar 1846 to 2 Feb.
    1857, master 2 Feb. 1857 to death; V. of Madingley, Cambs.
    1843–47; public orator 26 Oct. 1848 to 2 Feb. 1857; sec. of a
    commission to inquire into state of Univ. of Cam. 1850; vice
    chancellor 1858. _d._ St. John’s college lodge, Cambridge 27 March
    1881. _The Eagle, No. lxv_, (1881); _Cambridge Review ii_, 258

  BATHER, LUCY ELIZABETH (_dau. of Right Rev. Charles James Blomfield
    1786–1857 bishop of London_). _b._ Fulham 31 March 1836; author of
    _Footprints on the sands of time, Biographies for young people_
    1860 and a number of stories for children under pseudonym of Aunt
    Lucy. (_m._ 29 Aug. 1861 Arthur Henry Bather of Meole Brace,
    Shropshire). _d._ The hall Meole Brace 5 Sep. 1864.

  BATHGATE, REV. WILLIAM (_youngest son of Wm. Bathgate of
    Buckholmside, Galashiels, engineer_). _b._ Buckholmside 28 Sep.
    1820; studied at Glasgow Univ. and Theological academy 1840–44;
    expelled from the academy May 1844 for opinions supposed to be
    heretical; minister of Independent church at Stair 6 Dec. 1844, of
    Bridgeton church Glasgow 1846, of church at Ayr 1847, of church at
    Forres 1849, of Evangelical Union church Clerk’s lane, Kilmarnock
    Aug. 1847 to Nov. 1860 and of Winton place ch. Kilmarnock 11 Nov.
    1860 to death; author of _The moral character of God_ 1849;
    _Æternitas_ 1851; _The Soul’s Arena_ 1852; _Essays on a superior
    popular literature_ 1854; _Christ and man_ 1865. _d._ Kilmarnock
    28 Dec. 1879. _Progressive religion, Sermons and selections from
    the manuscripts of Wm. Bathgate, D.D._ 1884.

  BATHURST, HENRY GEORGE BATHURST, 4 Earl (_eld. child of Henry
    Bathurst, 3 Earl Bathurst 1762–1834_). _b._ Apsley house,
    Piccadilly 24 Feb. 1790; comr. of the India board 1812–18; M.P.
    for Weobley 15 Jany. 1812 to 29 Sep. 1812 and for Cirencester 12
    Oct. 1812 to 27 July 1834, when he succeeded as 4 Earl. _d._
    Cirencester 25 May 1866.

    Westminster 14 Feb. 1791; ed. at Eton and All Souls coll. Ox.,
    B.A. 1812, M.A. 1817; fellow of All Souls college 1812; M.P. for
    Weobley 1812–16; barrister L.I. 6 Feb. 1821; joint sec. to Privy
    Council 1827–60; succeeded his brother as 5 Earl 25 May 1866. _d._
    38 Half Moon st. Piccadilly 24 Feb. 1878. _I.L.N. lxxii_, 245
    (1878), _portrait_.

  BATHURST, REV. WILLIAM HILEY. _b._ 28 Aug. 1796; author of _Roman
    antiquities found at Lydney park, Gloucestershire_ 1879. _d._
    Lydney park 25 Nov. 1877.

  BATTERSBY, GEORGE (_eld. son of Thomas Battersby of Newcastle, co.
    Meath 1767–1839_). _b._ 8 Sep. 1802; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin,
    B.A. 1824, LL.B. and LLD. 1832; called to Irish bar 1826; Q.C. 2
    Nov. 1844, bencher of King’s Inns 1861; judge of Consistorial
    court of Dublin 1862–67, and of Provincial court of Dublin
    1867–71; chancellor of archdiocese of Dublin 1871 to death, _d._
    20 Lower Leeson st. Dublin 9 June 1880.

    1803; naturalised in England by private act of parliament 1 and 2
    Vict. cap. 48 (1838); won the Derby with Galopin 1875. _d._ in the
    grand stand at Newmarket 25 April 1883. _bur._ Highland road
    cemetery Portsmouth 2 May. _Graphic xxvii_, 477 (1883),
    _portrait_; _I.L.N. lxxxii_, 432 (1883), _portrait_; _Baily’s Mag.
    xl_, 371–72 (1883).

  BATTINE, WILLIAM. Lieut. col. Bengal artillery 1 Dec. 1834, colonel
    6 July 1843 to death; M.G. 23 Nov. 1841; commander at Barrackpore
    26 April 1850 to death; C.B. 20 July 1838. _d._ Lahore 21 July
    1851 aged 63.

  BATTLEY, RICHARD (_2 son of John Battley of Wakefield, architect_).
    _b._ Wakefield about 1770; studied at St. Thomas’s and Guy’s
    hospitals; assist. surgeon in the Navy; apothecary in St. Paul’s
    churchyard, London; assisted in founding the London Infirmary for
    curing diseases of the Eye 1804; Pharmaceutical chemist in Fore
    st. Cripplegate about 1812; introduced many important improvements
    in pharmaceutical operations. _d._ Reigate 4 March 1856. _G.M.
    xlv_, 534 (1856).

  BATTY, GEORGE. Proprietor of a menagerie, retired about 1859; lived
    in Jersey. _d._ Raune, France 5 June 1867 aged 64.

  BATTY, WILLIAM (_only brother of the preceding_). Proprietor of a
    large circus with which he travelled all over Great Britain and
    Ireland; converted Lambeth baths, London, into a circus which he
    opened Nov. 1841 as the Olympic Arena; opened the Surrey theatre
    Whitsuntide 1842; rebuilt Astley’s and opened it 17 April 1843,
    lessee 1843–55 and 1861–62. _d._ Neville lodge, Grove end road,
    St. John’s Wood 7 Feb. 1868 in 68 year. _H. Valentine’s Behind the
    curtain_ (1848) 73–76; _I.L.N. ii_, 222 (1843).

  BATTYE, JAMES. _b._ Huddersfield 1803; composer of glees and
    anthems; published a set of _Twelve glees_ 1854. _d._ Huddersfield
    10 Oct. 1858.

  BATTYE, WIGRAM (_8 son of George Wyngard Battye of Bengal civil
    service_). _b._ Kensington, London 13 May 1842; ensign 6 Bengal
    European regiment 1859; wing officer, adjutant and commandant of
    cavalry of the Corps of Guides successively 1863 to death;
    accompanied as a noncombatant the army led by Crown prince of
    Germany against the French 1870; killed at Futtehabad, Afghanistan
    when leading the Guides against the Kugiani Afghans 31 March 1879.
    _S. H. Shadbolt’s Afghan campaigns_ (1882) 12–14, _portrait_.

  BAUDERET, FRANCIS HENRY ABRAM. Master of Brooks’s club London 50
    years. _d._ Brooks’s club 31 Jany. 1880 in 83 year.

  BAUGH, THOMAS FOLLIOT. Entered navy 1784; captain 21 Oct. 1810,
    retired R.A. 1 Oct. 1846. _d._ 3 Higher Mount Radford terrace,
    Exeter 19 Aug. 1857 aged 84.

  BAUMANN, JEAN FRANÇOIS, _b._ Belgium; lived in London for 25 years
    before his death; the best player on the bassoon. _d._ Albert st.
    Regent’s park, London 25 Aug. 1856 aged 52. _I.L.N. iv_, 29
    (1844), _portrait_.

  BAUME, PIERRE HENRI JOSEPH. _b._ Marseilles 1797; private secretary
    to Ferdinand I, king of the two Sicilies 1815; went to London
    about 1825; naturalised 1832; a preacher of doctrine of reforming
    optimism; a theatrical manager; proprietor of some model
    experimental gardens near Holloway, and a promoter in Manchester
    of public houses without intoxicating drinks about 1850; bought a
    large estate at Colney Hatch valued at £40,000; organised Sunday
    lectures in Manchester; lived at Douglas Isle of Man 1857 to
    death. _d._ Duke st. Douglas 28 Oct. 1875. Left all his property
    in trust for philanthropic purposes in Isle of Man. _G. J.
    Holyoakes History of co-operation i_, 349–51 (1875), _ii_, 400–405

  BAUMGARDT, JOHN GREGORY. Ensign 91 foot 1 Aug. 1798; lieut. col. of
    31 foot 12 Jany. 1826 and of 2 foot 24 Dec. 1829 to 1 Jany. 1847;
    inspecting field officer of Bristol recruiting district 1 Jany.
    1847 to 11 Nov. 1851; M.G. 11 Nov. 1851; C.B. 6 June 1840. _d._
    Rue de L’Oratoire, Champs Elysées, Paris 7 May 1855 aged 72.

  BAXENDALE, JOSEPH (_eld. son of Josiah Baxendale of Lancaster,
    surgeon who d. 1834_). _b._ Lancaster Sep. 1785; partner in firm
    of Pickford & Co. carriers 1817 to death; chairman of South
    eastern railway to 1844; A.I.C.E. 8 Feb. 1839. _d._ Woodside,
    Whetstone, Middlesex 24 March 1872.

  BAXTER, CHARLES. _b._ Little Britain, London March 1809; a painter
    chiefly of miniatures and portraits; exhibited 45 pictures at the
    R.A, 1834–72; member of Society of British Artists 1842, exhibited
    127 pictures there 1842–79. _d._ Lewisham 10 Jany. 1879. _Art
    Journal_ (1864) 145–7, (1879) 73; _I.L.N. lxxiv_, 72 (1879),

  BAXTER, CRICHTON M. Poet, painter and chess problem composer; lived
    at Dundee. _d._ Feb. 1881. _Chess problems by the late C. M.
    Baxter_ 1883, _portrait_.

  BAXTER, SIR DAVID (_2 son of Wm. Baxter of Balgavies, Forfarshire,
    export merchant_). _b._ Dundee 13 Feb. 1793; partner in linen
    manufacturing firm of Baxter brothers 1825 which became one of
    largest houses in the world; purchased estates of Kilmaron 1856
    and Balgavies 1863; created baronet 1 Jany. 1863; founded 4
    scholarships in the Univ. of Edin. and a chair of engineering
    which he endowed with sum of £6,000; gave with his sisters Eleanor
    and Mary Ann the Baxter park to Dundee opened 9 Sep. 1863. _d._
    Kilmaron castle 13 Oct. 1872. Personalty sworn under £1,098,000
    Dec. 1872. _W. Norrie’s Dundee Celebrities_ (1873) 400–407; _J.
    Thomson’s History of Dundee_ (1874) 385–90.

  BAXTER, EDWARD. Merchant at Manchester; took a prominent part in
    every movement in favour of popular rights; brought up the great
    Manchester address on the Reform bill to Lord Grey; offered the
    first seat in Parliament for new borough of Manchester but
    declined; retired from business about 1834. _d._ 27 July 1856 aged

  BAXTER, EDWARD (_eld. son of Wm. Baxter of Balgavies, export
    merchant_). _b._ 3 April 1791; partner with his father about
    1813–26; export merchant at Dundee 1826 to death; vice consul for
    the U.S. at Dundee 9 Oct. 1818; dean of guild 1831; one of the
    merchant princes of Dundee. _d._ Kincaldrum, Forfarshire 26 July
    1870. _W. Norrie’s Dundee Celebrities_ (1873) 368–74.

  BAXTER, EVAN BUCHANAN (_son of James Baxter, director of the English
    school at St. Petersburg_). _b._ St. Petersburg 1844; ed. at
    King’s college London; gained an open scholarship at Lincoln coll.
    Ox. 1862; became a positivist; entered medical department of
    King’s college London Oct. 1864; L.S.A. 1868, M.R.C.S. 1869; house
    phys. King’s college hospital 1868–69, and Sambrooke medical
    registrar 1870–71; B.A. London 1865, M.B. 1869, M.D. 1870; medical
    tutor at King’s college 1871–74, and professor of materia medica
    and therapeutics 1874–84; M.R.C.P. 1872, F.R.C.P. 1877; phys. to
    Royal free hospital 1881; translated for the New Sydenham Society,
    _Rindfleisch’s Pathological histology 2 vols._ 1872–73; edited
    _Garrod’s Essentials of materia medica_ _4 ed._ 1874. _d._ 28
    Weymouth st. Portland place, London 14 Jany, 1885. _Lancet 24
    Jany. 1885 p._ 181.

  BAXTER, FRANCIS WILLOUGHBY (_younger son of Wm. Edward Baxter of
    Dundee, merchant_). _b._ Dundee; partner in mercantile firm of
    Guthrie and Baxter; contributed to _Tait’s Magazine_ and other
    periodicals; edited the _Dundee Advertiser_; author of _Percy
    Lockhart or the hidden will 2 vols._ 1872. _d._ Broughty Ferry,
    near Dundee June 1870 aged 64. _W. Norrie’s Dundee Celebrities_
    (1873) 358–60.

  BAXTER, GEORGE (_2 son of John Baxter of Lewes 1781–1858_). A wood
    engraver in London; invented oil colour picture printing 1836,
    employed 20 different blocks in some of the illustrations to the
    “Pictorial Album” 1836. _d._ The Retreat Sydenham 11 Jany. 1867
    aged 62.

  BAXTER, GEORGE R. WYTHEN. Author of _Modern refinement_ 1834;
    _Humour and pathos_ 1838; _The book of the Bastiles_ 1841; edited
    _Don Juan Junior, a poem by Byron’s Ghost_ 1839. _d._ Bryn,
    Montgomeryshire 17 Jany. 1854.

  BAXTER, JOHN. _b._ Rickhurst Surrey 21 Oct. 1781; printer and
    publisher at Lewes down to Jany. 1858; the first printer in
    England who used the inking roller; made paper from the common
    nettle; published _Library of practical agriculture_ 1846, _4 ed.
    2 vols._ 1851; wrote first book laying down rules of cricket
    published as _Lambert’s Cricketer’s Guide_; established _Sussex
    Agricultural Express_ 1837. _d._ Lewes 12 Nov. 1858. _M. A.
    Lower’s Worthies of Sussex_ (1865) 283–84, _portrait_.

  BAXTER, JOHN BOYD (_son of Wm. Baxter of Balgavies, merchant_). _b._
    1796; pres. of general council of procurators for Scotland several
    times; dean of faculty of procurators and solicitors at Dundee
    1825 to death. _d._ Craig Tay, Dundee 4 Aug. 1882.

  BAXTER, MARY ANN. Gave with the preceding in 1881 sum of £130,000
    for founding a college in Dundee which was opened 5 Oct. 1883.
    _d._ Ellangowan, Dundee 19 Dec. 1884. Personalty amounted to
    upwards of £283,000.

  BAXTER, ROBERT DUDLEY (_eld. son of Robert Baxter of Westminster,
    solicitor_). _b._ Doncaster 3 Feb. 1827; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.,
    B.A. 1849, M.A. 1852; admitted a solicitor 1852; partner in firm
    of Baxter, Rose and Norton, Westminster; A.I.C.E. 4 Dec. 1866;
    author of _The national income_ 1868; _The taxation of the United
    Kingdom_ 1869; _English parties and conservatism_ 1870; _The
    national debts of the various states of the world_ 1871. _d._ 13
    Oak hill, Frognal, Hampstead 20 May 1875. _Min. of Proc. of
    instit. of C.E. xlii_, 259–61 (1875); _I.L.N. lxvi_, 547 (1875),

  BAXTER, WILLIAM. Curator of botanic garden at Oxford 1813–54;
    established a library for the use of Oxford gardeners; F.L.S.
    1817; author of _British phænogamous botany, or figures and
    descriptions of the genera of British flowering plants 6 vols._
    1834–43. _d._ Oxford 1 Nov. 1871 in 84 year.

  BAXTER, WILLIAM RALEIGH. L.R.C.S. 1840, LLD. Aberdeen 1843; senior
    surgeon Osmanli horse artillery 1854; volunteer surgeon major in
    French army at Constantinople; author of _A treatise on certain
    abnormal sounds of the heart; A handbook of chemistry_ 1851;
    edited _Medical Record_. _d._ Emsworth, Hants 26 Oct. 1875 aged

  BAYES, CORDELIA (_dau. of Thomas Williams of Cambridge_). _b._
    Cambridge 1797; admitted into membership with Society of Friends
    1825; a Minister 1837; laboured amongst the very poor in the
    lowest parts of London 1840–45; visited United States and Canada
    1851–53. (_m._ 1820 James Kirbell Bayes he _d._ 1842). _d._ Stoke
    Newington, London 11 April 1865. _Annual Monitor for 1866 pp._

  BAYLEE, REV. JOSEPH. Ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin; B.A. 1834, M.A.
    1848, B.D. and D.D. 1852; P.C. of Holy Trinity, Birkenhead,
    Liverpool 1842–64; founder of St. Aidan’s theological college
    Birkenhead 1846, and principal 1846–69, present college building
    opened 1856; V. of Shepscombe, Gloucs. 1871 to death; author of
    _The institutions of the Church of England are of divine origin_,
    _3 ed._ 1838; _Unitarianism a rejection of the word of God_ 1852;
    _The intermediate state of the blessed dead_ 1864; _Introduction
    to the study of the Bible 2 ed. 3 vols._ 1870; _The Apocalypse
    with an exegetical commentary_ 1876. _d._ Shepscombe vicarage 7
    July 1883 in 76 year.

  BAYLEY, CHARLES JOHN. Ed. at Eton and Trin. coll. Cam.; scholar
    1839, B.A. 1839, M.A. 1844; barrister I.T. 26 Jany. 1844; colonial
    sec. of Mauritius 1849; governor of Bahama islands Feb. 1857 to
    1864; C.B. 23 July 1862. _d._ 6 July 1873.

  BAYLEY, SIR EDWARD CLIVE (_son of Edward Clive Bayley of St.
    Petersburg_). _b._ St. Petersburg 17 Oct. 1821; entered Bengal
    civil service 1841; barrister M.T. 12 June 1857; sec. to
    government of India, home department March 1862 to 1872; vice
    chancellor of Univ. of Calcutta 1869–74; member of council of
    Governor general of India 19 April 1873 to April 1878 when he
    retired upon the annuity fund; pres. of Bengal Asiatic Society 5
    times, and of Royal Asiatic Society 3 years; K.C.S.I. 1 Jany.
    1877. (_m._ 6 March 1850 Emily Anne Theophila, eld. dau. of Sir
    Theophilus Metcalfe, Baronet). _d._ Wilmington lodge, Keymer
    Sussex 30 April 1884. _Annual report of Royal Asiatic Society_

  BAYLEY, FREDERICK WILLIAM NAYLOR. _b._ Ireland; went to Barbadoes
    1825, returned 1829; literary dramatic and musical critic on the
    _Morning Post_ about 1831; started and edited the _National
    Omnibus_, a penny weekly paper; edited the _Illustrated London
    News_ May 1842 to 1848; author of _Four years residence in the
    West Indies_ 1830; _Scenes and stories by a clergyman in debt 3
    vols._ 1835; _Tales of the late revolutions_ 1831; issued a series
    of songs set to music under the title of _The Nosegay_ 1832; wrote
    many popular songs including _The Newfoundland dog_; author of
    _New tale of a tub_ 1841; _Comic nursery rhymes_ 1842; _The model
    of the earth_ 1851. _d._ from delirium tremens New Bull’s Head
    Inn, Digbeth, Birmingham 1 Dec. 1852 aged 40. _Rev. J.
    Richardson’s Recollections of the last half century ii_, 197–203

  BAYLEY, HENRY VINCENT (_eld. son of Wm. Butterworth Bayley, who d.
    29 May 1860 aged 78_). _b._ 1815; ed. at Eton; entered Bengal
    civil service 1834; judge of high court of judicature at Calcutta
    13 May 1862 to death. _d._ Calcutta 2 Feb. 1873.

  BAYLEY, JOHN. _b._ Upper Green, Mitcham, Surrey 17 May 1794; a
    tailor there; a practice bowler at Lord’s cricket ground London
    1823–54; played in many great matches; a slow round-armed bowler;
    lived at Mitcham all his life. _d._ Upper Green, Mitcham 7 Nov.

  BAYLEY, SIR JOHN EDWARD GEORGE, 2 Baronet. _b._ London 23 Dec. 1793;
    barrister M.T. 6 May 1835; clerk of assize northern circuit 1836
    to death; succeeded 10 Oct. 1841. _d._ Stanhope lodge, Kensington
    Gore, London 23 Dec. 1871.

  BAYLEY, JOHN WHITCOMB (_2 son of John Bayley of Hempstead, Gloucs.,
    farmer_). A junior clerk in Record office, Tower of London, chief
    clerk 1819; sub-commissioner on the public records to May 1834;
    edited _Calendars of the proceedings in Chancery in the reign of
    Queen Elizabeth 3 vols. fol. 1827–32_, for which he received
    £2,739; student of Inner Temple Aug. 1815; author of _History and
    antiquities of the Tower of London 2 parts_ 1821–25; F.S.A. 1819,
    F.R.S. 1823. _d._ Paris 25 March 1869.

  BAYLEY, ROBERT. Ed. at Highbury theological college; independent
    minister at Howard st. chapel Sheffield 1835–45, at Ratcliff
    Highway, London 1845–57 and at Hereford 1857 to death; started a
    monthly periodical called _The people’s college journal_ 1846;
    author of _A history of Louth_; _Nature considered as a
    revelation_ 1836; _Lectures on the early history of the Christian
    church_; _A new concordance to the Hebrew Bible juxta editionem
    Hooghtianam_. _d._ Hereford 14 Nov. 1859.

  BAYLEY, WILLIAM. _b._ 1810; vicar choral at St. Paul’s and organist
    of St. John’s Southwark; composed some beautiful cavatinas
    including _Softly ring ye gay bluebells_ and _Come sister come_.
    _d._ London Nov. 1858.

  BAYLEY, WILLIAM BUTTERWORTH (_6 son of Thomas Butterworth Bayley of
    Hope hall, Eccles 1744–1802_). _b._ 1782; ed. at Eton, and the
    college Fort William, Calcutta; sec. in revenue and judicial
    department 1814; chief sec. to supreme government of India
    1819–25; member of the council 1825 to 11 Nov. 1830; governor
    general of India 13 March to 4 July 1828; a director of East India
    company 23 July 1833, deputy chairman 1839, chairman 1840. _d._
    St. Leonard’s on Sea 29 May 1860.

  BAYLIS, ALEXANDER JOHN. _b._ 1812; undersheriff of London 1846 and
    1869; solicitor to Comrs. of Sewers Dec. 1862 to death, _d._ at an
    hotel near Redhill railway station 16 May 1882.

  BAYLIS, CHARLES OLIVES. _b._ Jany. 1815; M.R.C.S. Edin. 1837, F.S.A.
    1839, M.R.C.S. England 1843; practised at Birkenhead; medical
    officer of health there 1866–73; medical officer for new combined
    district of West Kent 1873–83. _d._ 62 Windsor road, Southport,
    Lancs. 12 Dec. 1884.

  BAYLIS, EDWARD. Clerk in Alliance insurance office; founded between
    1838 and 1854 a series of life offices all of which have
    disappeared except the English and Scottish Law office; went to
    Cape of Good Hope about 1859; author of _The arithmetic of
    annuities and life assurances or compound interest simplified_
    1844. _d._ Cape of Good Hope 12 Sep. 1861 aged about 70.

  BAYLIS, THOMAS HUTCHINSON (_son of the preceding_). Manager of the
    Trafalgar life insurance office 1850; founded Unity general life
    insurance office and the Unity bank about 1852, manager of them
    both to Oct. 1856; founded British foreign and colonial insurance
    association 1857 and the Consols life association 1858; invented
    the Positive life assurance, an ingenious form of life policy
    1869. _d._ 17 Vere St. Cavendish sq. 17 Nov. 1876 aged 53.

  BAYLY, SIR HENRY (_2 son of Zachary Bayly of Bideford_). _b._ Bath
    1790; ensign 51 foot 30 April 1807; captain 24 April 1817 to 15
    Aug. 1826 when placed on h.p.; K.H. 1835; knighted by the Queen at
    St. James’s palace 18 July 1838. _d._ Burly, Lyme Regis, Dorset 31
    Jany. 1867.

  BAYLY, THOMAS DAVIS (_4 son of Charles Bayly of Frome Selwood,
    Somerset, solicitor_). _b._ 1805; barrister G.I. 27 Jany. 1836;
    comr. in Court of bankruptcy Dorset and Somerset 1838–43; bencher
    of his inn 1 March 1875. _d._ 20 Aug. 1879.

  BAYNES, SIR EDWARD STUART. Deputy assistant commissary general 16
    Dec. 1813; secretary general of Ionian islands April 1828–1838;
    Consul at St. Petersburgh 24 April 1838 to Sep. 1849; British
    agent and consul general in regency of Tunis 25 Oct. 1849 to
    death; C.M.G. 9 Feb. 1833, K.C.M.G. 26 June 1833. _d._ Tunis 23
    July 1855 aged 64.

  BAYNES, EDWIN DONALD. _b._ 1828; colonial sec. and treasurer of
    Montserrat 1850–54; colonial sec. of Antigua 1863; acting lieut.
    governor of Dominica 1871; colonial sec. of Leeward islands, and
    pres. of Antigua 1872; lieut. governor of Leeward islands 1876–84;
    C.M.G. 1877. _d._ St. John’s, Antigua 1 Nov. 1884 in 57 year.

  BAYNES, SIR ROBERT LAMBERT (_youngest son of Thomas Baynes,
    commander R.N. who d. 1818_). _b._ 1796; entered navy 19 April
    1810; captain 8 July 1828; commander in chief on Pacific station 8
    July 1857 to 5 May 1860; admiral 5 May 1865; C.B. 13 Nov. 1827,
    K.C.B. 18 May 1860. (_m._ 8 July 1846 Frances 4 dau. of Thomas
    Denman 1 Baron Denman she was _b._ 17 Sep. 1812). _d._ Upper
    Norwood 7 Sep. 1869.

  BAYNES, SIMCOE. Midshipman R.N. 1810; ensign royal Corsican rangers
    24 June 1812; lieut. col. royal Malta fencible regiment 23 July
    1852 to 26 Oct. 1858; colonel 35 foot 27 March 1863 to death;
    general 14 Dec. 1873. _d._ Tarxien Malta 10 Sep. 1875 aged 77.

  BAYNES, SIR WILLIAM, 2 Baronet. _b._ 28 Nov. 1789; succeeded 16
    March 1837. _d._ 25 Portland place London 1 Jany. 1866.

  BAYNING, REV. HENRY WILLIAM POWLETT, 3 Baron. _b._ London 8 June
    1797; ed. at Eton and St. John’s coll. Cam.; succeeded 2 Aug.
    1823. _d._ Honingham hall near Norwich 5 Aug. 1866.

  BAYS, PETER PAYNE. _b._ Cambridge; a sailing master in the merchant
    service; a schoolmaster at Cambridge; auditor of Cambridge Union;
    author of _A narrative of the wreck of the Minerva whaler of Port
    Jackson_ 1831. _d._ New York 7 Feb. 1864 aged 80.

  BAZLEY, SIR THOMAS (_eld. son of Thomas Bazley of Gilnow near
    Bolton, Lancs. 1773–1845_). _b._ Gilnow 27 May 1797; ed. at Bolton
    gr. sch.; cotton spinner and merchant at Bolton 1818–26 when he
    removed to Manchester, retired from business 1862; member of the
    Anti-Corn Law Assoc. and of the Council of the League; director of
    Manchester Chamber of Commerce, vice pres., pres. 1845–59; one of
    Royal comrs. of Great Exhibition 1851; M.P. for Manchester 17 Nov.
    1858 to 24 March 1880; created Baronet 7 Oct. 1869. _d._
    Riversleigh Lytham, Lancs. 18 March 1885. _I.L.N. xix_, 487, 508,
    523 (1851), _portrait_; _Touchstone 19 April 1879_, _portrait_.

  BEACH, SIR MICHAEL HICKS, 8 Baronet, _b._ Netheravon house, Wilts 25
    Oct. 1809; succeeded 23 Oct. 1834; lieut. col. of North Gloucester
    militia 10 Feb. 1844 to death; M.P. for East Gloucs. 9 Jany. 1854
    to death. _d._ Williamstrip park, Gloucs. 29 Nov. 1854.

  BEACH, WILLIAM. _b._ 24 July 1783; M.P. for Malmesbury 13 Oct. 1812
    to Feb. 1817. _d._ Oakley hall near Basingstoke 22 Nov. 1856.

  BEACONSFIELD, BENJAMIN DISRAELI, 1 Earl of (_eld. son of Isaac
    Disraeli of London 1766–1848_). _b._ London 21 Dec. 1804; baptised
    in parish church of St. Andrew, Holborn 31 July 1817; articled to
    Wm. Stevens of 6 Frederick’s place Old Jewry, solicitor 10 Nov.
    1821; student of Lincoln’s Inn 18 Nov. 1824 to 25 Nov. 1831; M.P.
    for Maidstone 1837–1841, for Shrewsbury 1841–1847 and for Bucks.
    1847–1876; chancellor of the exchequer Feb. 1852 to Dec. 1852,
    Feb. 1858 to June 1859 and July 1866 to Feb. 1868; P.C. March
    1852; introduced and carried Representation of the people act
    1867; first lord of the Treasury 29 Feb. 1868 to 2 Dec. 1868 and
    21 Feb. 1874 to 27 April 1880; lord rector of Glasgow University
    1871–1875, installed 19 Nov. 1873; F.R.S. 10 Feb. 1876; lord privy
    seal 12 Aug. 1876 to Feb. 1878; created Earl of Beaconsfield and
    Viscount Hughenden of Hughenden Manor, Bucks. 21 Aug. 1876; first
    British plenipotentiary at Berlin congress 13 June to 13 July
    1878; K.G. 22 July 1878; admitted to freedom of City of London 3
    Aug. 1878; author of _Vivian Grey 4 vols._ 1827; _The young duke 3
    vols._ 1831; _Alroy 3 vols._ 1833; _Contarini Fleming_ 1833; _The
    Revolutionary Epick, a poem_ 1834; _Henrietta Temple 3 vols._
    1836; _Venetia 3 vols._ 1837; _Alarcos a tragedy_ 1839 which was
    produced on the stage at Astley’s; _Coningsby or the new
    generation 3 vols._ 1844; _Sybil or the two nations 3 vols._ 1845;
    _Tancred or the new crusade 3 vols._ 1847; _Political biography of
    Lord George Bentinck_ 1851; _Lothair 3 vols._ 1870; _Endymion 3
    vols._ 1880. _d._ 19 Curzon st. Mayfair London 19 April 1881.
    _bur._ Hughenden churchyard 26 April. _Maclise Portrait gallery by
    W. Bates_ (1883) 164–72, _portrait_; _Lord Beaconsfield, a
    biography by T. P. O’Connor_, _6 ed._ 1884; _The public life of
    Lord Beaconsfield by F. Hitchman, 3 ed._ 1884; _An appreciative
    life of Lord Beaconsfield, edited by C. Brown, 2 vols._ 1882,

      NOTE.—He is the hero of ‘Vivian Grey’ the first edition of
      which novel has whole chapters not found in subsequent
      editions; he figures almost by name in Lady Bulwer Lytton’s
      novel “Behind the Scenes” 3 vols. 1854. His statue in
      Parliament sq. was unveiled 19 April 1883, Primrose day.

  BEACONSFIELD, MARY ANNE DISRAELI, Viscountess (_only dau. of John
    Viney Evans, Captain R.N. of Branceford park, Devon_). _b._ 1795.
    (_m._ (1) 1811 Wyndham Lewis, M.P. for Maidstone who _d._ 14 March
    1838, _m._ (2) 28 Aug. 1839 Benjamin Disraeli, 1 Earl of
    Beaconsfield). Created Viscountess Beaconsfield of Beaconsfield 30
    Nov. 1868. _d._ Hughenden, Bucks 15 Dec. 1872. _Heath’s Book of
    beauty_ 1841 _p._ 236, _portrait_.

  BEADON, SIR CECIL (_youngest son of Richard Beadon who d. 6 April
    1858 aged 76_). _b._ Wells 1816; ed. at Eton and Shrewsbury; under
    secretary to government of Bengal 1843 and secretary 1852;
    secretary to government of India home department 1854 and foreign
    department 1859; member of Governor general’s council 1860;
    lieutenant governor of Bengal 1862–1866; K.C.S.I. 24 May 1866.
    _d._ Latton, Wilts 18 July 1880. _Fortnightly Review viii_, 180–91

  BEADON, REV. FREDERICK (_3 son of Rev. Edward Beadon, R. of North
    Stoneham, Hants who d. 17 Dec. 1810_). _b._ London 6 Dec. 1777;
    ed. at Charter house and Trin. coll. Ox., B.A. 1800, M.A. 1804; R.
    of Weston-super-Mare 1801–11; preb. of Wells cathedral 26 May
    1809, canon residentiary 1812–1875 and chancellor 13 Aug. 1823 to
    death; V. of Titley near Hereford 1811–1876; R. of Sulham, Berks
    1814–1823; R. of North Stoneham Jany. 1811 to death. _d._ North
    Stoneham rectory 10 June 1879 aged 101 years and 6 months.
    _Norman’s Memoir privately printed_ 1879; _Graphic xx_, 108
    (1879), _portrait_.

  BEADON, WILLIAM FREDERICK (_eld. son of Richard Beadon who d. 6
    April 1858_). _b._ 1808; ed. at Eton and St. John’s coll. Cam.,
    B.A. 1829, M.A. 1833; barrister I.T. 1 May 1835; police magistrate
    at Wandsworth and Hammersmith 1847, and at Marlborough st. police
    court 1856 to death. _d._ Stratford place, Cavendish sq. 30 March

  BEAGLEY, THOMAS. _b._ Farringdon near Alton, Hants 5 Oct. 1789; a
    builder there to Nov. 1850; professional cricketer; a splendid bat
    and long-stop; played for his county many years. _d._ 27 Alfred
    road, Harrow road, London 21 Feb. 1858.

  BEAL, ABRAHAM. _b._ Chatham about 1803; a great advocate of total
    abstinence; acquired title of “the Prisoner’s friend”; emigrated
    to the United States 1848; general agent of New York prison
    association 1863 to death; more than 10000 prisoners were released
    or pardoned through his active agency. _d._ Brooklyn New York 25
    Feb. 1872. _American Annual Cyclopædia xii_, 59–60 (1873).

  BEAL, REV. WILLIAM. _b._ Devonport 4 May 1785; Wesleyan minister
    1808 to death; at Liskeard, Cornwall 1857 to death; the first
    Sunday school teacher in Cornwall; author of _The fathers of the
    Wesley family and references to their times_ 1833, _2 ed._ 1862;
    _Britain and the Gael_ 1855 _2 ed._ 1860. _d._ Liskeard 18 June

  BEAL, REV. WILLIAM (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ Sheffield 9
    Dec. 1815; ed. at King’s coll. London and Trin. coll. Cam., B.A.
    1841, LLD. Aberdeen 1845, F.S.A. 1850; head master of Tavistock
    gr. sch. 1837–47; V. of Brooke Norfolk 1847 to death; originated
    at Brooke the Parochial harvest home 1854; diocesan inspector of
    schools 1855 to death; edited the _West of England magazine_
    1840–47; author of _First book in chronology_ 1840; _Church
    Unions_ 1848; _Peoples Colleges_ 1851. _d._ Aigle, canton Vaud
    Switzerland 20 April 1870.

  BEALE, LIONEL JOHN. _b._ Falmouth Oct. 1796; M.R.C.S. 1815;
    practised in London about 1831 to death; medical officer of health
    to parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields 1856 to death; author of _On
    spinal diseases_ 1830; _The laws of health in relation to mind and
    body_ 1851; _Health and longevity_ 1854; _On personal and domestic
    hygiene_ 1855. _d._ 108 Long Acre London 23 June 1871. _Medical
    Times and gazette ii_, 24 (1871).

  BEALE, SAMUEL (_son of William Beale of Camphill, Birmingham_). _b._
    Birmingham 1803; an iron master; M.P. for Derby 28 March 1857 to 6
    July 1865; chairman of Midland railway 1858–1864. _d._ Warfield
    grove, Bracknell Berkshire 11 Sep. 1874. Personalty sworn under
    £350,000 Oct. 1874.

  BEALE, THOMAS WILLIAM. Clerk in office of Board of Revenue at Agra
    many years; author of _Miftahu-t-Tawarikh or Key of history_
    lithographed at Agra 1849; _The Oriental biographical dictionary
    edited by the Asiatic Society of Bengal_ 1881. _d._ summer of 1875
    very old. _Sir H. M. Elliott’s History of India viii_, 441–44

  BEALE, WILLIAM. _b._ Landrake Cornwall 1 Jany. 1784; a chorister of
    Westminster Abbey; Midshipman R.N.; member of Royal Society of
    Musicians 1 Dec. 1811; gained by his madrigal _Awake sweet muse_
    prize cup given by Madrigal Society 12 Jany. 1813; one of
    gentlemen of Chapel Royal 30 Jany. 1816 to 13 Dec. 1820; organist
    at Trinity college Cambridge 1 Nov. 1820 to Dec. 1821; organist of
    Wandsworth parish church 1822, afterwards of St. John’s church
    Clapham Rise; published _A first book of madrigals, glees, &c. for
    3, 4, and 5 voices_ 1815; _Collection of glees and madrigals_
    1820. _d._ Paradise Row, Stockwell, London 3 May 1854.

  BEALE, WILLIAM JOHN (_son of Wm. Beale of Camphill, Birmingham_).
    Solicitor at Birmingham; legal adviser to Midland railway;
    chairman of orchestral committee of musical festivals 1870–76.
    _d._ Bryntirion near Dolgelly 21 May 1883 in 76 year.

  BEALES, EDMOND (_son of Samuel Pickering Beales of Newnham,
    Cambridge, merchant_). _b._ Newnham 3 July 1803; ed. at Eton and
    Trin. coll. Cam., scholar, B.A. 1825, M.A. 1828; barrister M.T. 25
    June 1830; revising barrister for Middlesex 1862–66; president of
    National league for independence of Poland 1863; chairman of the
    Circassian committee; pres. of Reform league 1865 to 10 March
    1869, league was dissolved 13 March 1869; contested Tower Hamlets
    Nov. 1868; judge of county courts for Beds. and Cambs. 17 Sep.
    1870 to death. _d._ Osborne house Bolton gardens south, Brompton
    26 June 1881. _Annual Register_ (1866) 98–102.

  BEAMAN, GEORGE. _b._ near London 1803; apprenticed to Mr. Holland of
    Knutsford, surgeon; L.S.A. and M.R.C.S. 1822, F.R.C.S. 1852; M.D.
    St. Andrews 1854; partner with Mr. Hewson, apothecary in James
    street, Covent Garden 1824; founded with Thomas Wakley, the new
    Equitable life assurance office; medical officer of London and
    South Western railway about 1840 to death; a leading general
    practitioner. _d._ 3 Caversham, road, Kentish Town 15 Jany. 1874.
    _Medical times and gazette i_, 142 (1874).

  BEAMES, JOHN. Barrister L.I. 25 May 1811, bencher 1832; comr. of
    lunatics 1821–23; comr. of bankrupts 1823–30; K.C. Nov. 1832;
    author of _The elements of pleas in equity_ 1818; _A brief view of
    the writ Ne exeat regno as an equitable process, 2 ed._ 1824; _A
    summary of the doctrine of the Court of Equity with respect to
    costs_ 1822, _2 ed._ 1840; _Sketch of the doctrine relative to
    commitments in bankruptcy_ 1827. _d._ 17 Oct. 1853 aged 72.

  BEAMES, REV. THOMAS. Educ. at Lincoln coll. Oxf., B.A. 1837, M.A.
    1838; C. of St. Bride’s Fleet st. London 1844–46; C. of St.
    James’s Westminster 1846 to death; author of _Rookeries of London_
    1850, _2 ed._ 1852; _Plea for educational reform_ 1856. _d._
    Godolphin road, Shepherds Bush 6 Aug. 1864.

  BEAMISH, FRANCIS BERNARD (_6 son of Wm. Beamish of Cork, porter
    brewer 1760–1828_). _b._ Beaumont near Cork 5 April 1802; ed. at
    Rugby; M.P. for Cork 1837–1841, and 1853 to 1865; mayor of Cork
    1843, sheriff of co. Cork 1852; chairman of Reform club London to
    death. _d._ Totnes, Devon 1 Feb. 1868.

  BEAMISH, REV. HENRY HAMILTON. Minister of Holy Trinity chapel,
    Conduit st. London 1832–62; V. of Old Cleeve, Somerset 1862–65; V.
    of Wimbish 1865–69; R. of Lillingstone Dayrell, Bucks 1869 to
    death; author of _Romanism and Tractarianism refuted_ 1853;
    _Lectures, Who is Antichrist_ 1854. _d._ Lillingstone Dayrell
    rectory 23 Feb. 1872.

  BEAMISH, NORTH LUDLOW (_brother of Francis Bernard Beamish_). _b._
    31 Dec. 1797; ed. at Sandhurst; cornet 4 dragoon guards 7 Nov.
    1816, captain 1823–26 when placed on h.p.; F.R.S. 15 Nov. 1827;
    K.H. 1837; lieut. colonel in Hanoverian service 1852; sheriff of
    city of Cork 1855; author of _Peace campaigns of a cornet [anon.]
    3 vols._ 1829; _History of the King’s German legion 2 vols._
    1832–37; _The discovery of America by the Northmen in the tenth
    century_ 1841; _On the uses and application of cavalry in war_
    1855. _d._ Ann Mount near Glanmire, Cork 27 April 1872.

  BEAMISH, RICHARD (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 16 July 1798;
    ensign Coldstream Guards 1814–18 when placed on h.p.; assistant
    engineer on the Thames tunnel Aug. 1826 and resident engineer Dec.
    1834 to Aug. 1836; engineer for Cork and other counties in Ireland
    1828–34; resident engineer of Gloucester and forest of Dean
    railway to 1850; M.I.C.E. 27 Jany. 1829; F.R.S. 24 March 1836;
    author of _Popular instruction on the calculation of probabilities
    translated from the French of A. Quetelet_ 1839; _A treatise on
    elocution_ 1854; _A memoir of the life of Sir Marc Isambard
    Brunel_ 1866; _The Psychonomy of the hand, 2 ed._ 1865. _d._
    Bournemouth 20 Nov. 1873. _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xl_,
    246–51 (1875).

  BEAMONT, REV. WILLIAM JOHN (_only son of Wm. Beamont of Warrington,
    solicitor_). _b._ Warrington 16 Jany. 1828; ed. at Warrington,
    Eton and Trin. coll. Cam.; chancellor’s medallist 1850, B.A. 1850,
    M.A. 1853; fellow of his college 1852 to death; C. of St. John’s
    the Evangelist, Drury lane, London 1855; P.C. of St. Michael’s
    Cambridge 1857 to death; chief founder of Cambridge School of art
    1858 and the Church Defence Association 1859; originator of the
    Church Congress 1861; author of _Catherine the Egyptian slave_
    1852; _Concise grammar of the Arabic language_ 1861; author with
    Rev. W. M. Campion of _The prayer-book interleaved_ 1868, _7 ed._
    1880. _d._ Trinity college, Cambridge 6 Aug. 1868.

  BEAN, WILLIAM. Began riding with the Queen’s stag hounds 1792; a
    great steeplechase rider; rode 24 steeplechases and won 17 of
    them. _d._ Notting hill London about 31 March 1867 aged about 86.
    _Scott and Sebright by the Druid_ (1885) 282–89; _Illust. sporting
    news vi_, 241 (1867), _portrait_.

  BEARD, REV. JOHN RELLY. _b._ Southsea, Portsmouth 4 Aug. 1800; ed.
    at Unitarian college, York; minister at Salford, Manchester 1825;
    kept a school at Salford 1826; D.D. Univ. of Giessen 1838;
    minister at Strangeways, Manchester 1848–64; started a scheme for
    educating young men for home missions, which originated Unitarian
    home missionary board or college, of which he was the first
    principal; minister at Sale near Ashton-on-Mersey 1865–73; the
    first editor of the _Christian Teacher_ 1835; started the
    _Unitarian Herald_; author of _Voices of the church in reply to
    Dr. Strauss_ 1845; _Historical and Artistic illustrations of the
    Trinity_ 1846; _Illustrations of the divine in Christianity_ 1849;
    _Latin dictionary_ 1854; _Christ the interpreter of scripture_
    1865; _Christian evidence, an antidote to materialism_ 1868;
    _Autobiography of Satan_ 1872. _d._ Ashton upon Mersey 21 Nov.
    1876. _J. Evans’s Lancashire authors_ (1850) 13–17.

  BEARD, WILLIAM (_son of a farmer at Banwell, Somerset_). _b._
    Banwell 24 April 1772; a small farmer; dug out a cavern in Banwell
    hill and found many bones of the bear, buffalo, reindeer and wolf
    about 1826; let his land and spent all his time searching for
    bones; his collection of bones was bought by the Somersetshire
    Archæological and natural history society and is now in the museum
    at Taunton Castle. _d._ Banwell 9 Jany. 1868. _J. Rutter’s
    Delineations of north western division of Somerset_ (1829) 147–60,

  BEARDMORE, NATHANIEL (_2 son of Joshua Beardmore of Nottingham_).
    _b._ Nottingham 19 March 1816; partner with James Meadows Rendel
    C.E. in London and Plymouth to 1848; took out a patent for piers
    and breakwaters 1848; one of the first hydraulic engineers;
    engineer to Public works loan comrs. and River Thames Conservancy
    board; M.I.C.E. 3 May 1842; F.R.A.S. 8 Jany. 1858; F.M.S. pres.
    1861 and 1862; F.R.G.S. 1852; author of _Manual of hydrology_
    1852, _new ed._ 1867, which became the text book of the profession
    for hydraulic engineering. _d._ Broxbourne, Herts. 24 Aug. 1872;
    _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxxvi_, 256–64 (1873).

  BEARDMORE, WILLIAM. _b._ Greenwich 6 May 1824; partner with Wm.
    Rigby in the Parkhead rolling mill and forge near Glasgow 1861–71,
    and partner with his brother 1871 to death, these works became
    largest of their kind in Scotland and achieved an European
    reputation; A.I.C.E. 6 March 1860; inventor and patentee. _d._
    Brighton 11 Oct. 1877. _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. li_,
    268–70 (1878).

  BEASLEY, JOSEPH NOBLE. _b._ 30 March 1832; lieut. col. Royal Irish
    Fusiliers 21 June 1880 to death. _d._ Ismaila, Egypt 20 Sep. 1882.

  BEATRICE, MADEMOISELLE, stage name of Marie Beatrice Binda (_dau. of
    Chevalier Binda, British consul at Florence_). _b._ Lucca, Italy 5
    Aug. 1839; acted at Theatres de l’Odéon and Vaudeville, Paris;
    made her début in London under name of Lucchesini at Haymarket
    theatre 3 Oct. 1864; played at Lyceum theatre 1865 and in the
    provinces 1866–68; organised a company 1870 with which she
    travelled to her death; played in London summers of 1872, 74, 75
    and 78; produced and acted chief parts in _Our Friends_, _The
    Sphinx_, _Frou-Frou_ and other translations from the French. _d._
    102 Earl’s Court road, London 22 Dec. 1878. _bur._ Père Lachaise
    cemetery Paris 2 Jany. 1879. _The Stage i_, 61, 63 (1874),
    _portrait_; _Pascoe’s Dramatic list_ (1880) 388–90.

  BEATSON, REV. BENJAMIN WRIGGLESWORTH (_son of Anby Beatson_). _b._
    24 Jany. 1803; ed. at Merchant Taylors’ school and Pemb. coll.
    Cam., 16 wrangler 1825, B.A. 1825, M.A. 1828; fellow of his
    college 1827 to death; author of _Progressive exercises on the
    composition of Greek Iambic verse_ 1836, _10 ed._ 1871; _Exercises
    on Latin prose composition_ 1840; _Lessons in ancient history_
    1853; edited _Demosthenes’ Oration against Leptines_ 1864. _d._
    Charles st. City road, London 20 July 1874.

  BEATSON, GEORGE STEWART (_3 son of Henry Duncan Beatson of
    Campbelltown, Argyleshire_). _b._ Greenock May 1814; ed. at
    Glasgow Univ., M.D. 1836; L.R.C.S. Edin. 1836; assistant surgeon
    army medical department 1838; surgeon general 1 May 1863;
    principal medical officer of British troops in India 1863–68 and
    1871 to death; in charge of Royal Victoria hospital Netley
    1868–71; honorary phys. to the Queen 13 March 1866; C.B. 2 June
    1869. _d._ Knollswood, Simla 7 June 1874. _I.L.N. lxv_, 229
    (1874), _portrait_.

  BEATSON, WILLIAM FERGUSON. _b._ about 1804; entered Bengal army
    1820; served with British legion in Spain 1835–36; commander of
    the 10 regiment in Spain 13 July 1836; commanded the Nizam of
    Hyderabad’s division of cavalry to March 1851; organised a corps
    of 4000 Bashi Bazouks in Crimean war 1854–55, resigned command of
    the corps Sep. 1855; served in Indian mutiny 1857–58 when he
    raised and organised two regiments of cavalry in 6 months; M.G. 3
    Oct. 1866; created a knight of San Fernando by Queen Regent of
    Spain. _d._ The vicarage New Swindon 4 Feb. 1872. _Nolan’s Russian
    war ii_, 753 (1857), _portrait_; _The war department and the Bashi
    Bazouks by W. F. Beatson_ 1856, _privately printed_.

  BEATTIE, JAMES. _b._ parish of Rayne, Scotland 27 Jany. 1781; a
    shoemaker at Gordonstown in Auchterless; conducted a school of
    from 30 to 40 pupils for 60 years for which he would never take
    any payment; known as “the Auchterless John Pounds” after the
    Portsmouth cobbler of that name who founded ragged schools and
    died 1839. _d._ Gordonstown July 1867.

  BEATTIE, JOSEPH HAMILTON (_son of George Beattie of North of
    Ireland, architect_). _b._ 12 May 1808; assistant engineer on
    London and Southampton railway 1837; assistant engineer and
    locomotive superintendent of London and south western railway 1851
    to death; took out many patents for improvements in railway
    rolling stock and effected great saving in consumption of fuel in
    working locomotives; M.I.C.E. 1 Dec. 1857. _d._ South Bank,
    Surbiton, Surrey 18 Oct. 1871. _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    xxxiii_, 204–206 (1872).

  BEATTIE, WILLIAM (_son of James Beattie of Dalton, Annandale who d.
    1809_). _b._ Dalton 1793; ed. at Clarencefield academy 1807–13 and
    Univ. of Edin. 1813–20, M.D. 1818; studied in France, Italy and
    Germany 1823–26; physician to Duke of Clarence 8 years and private
    secretary to him 3 years; L.R.C.P. 1827; practised at Hampstead
    1827–45; foreign sec. to British Archæological Society; lost
    £7,000 in Albert Assurance Office Aug. 1869; author of _Journal of
    a residence in Germany 2 vols._ 1831; _Scotland illustrated 2
    vols._ 1838; _The Waldenses illustrated 2 vols._ 1838; _The
    Danube_ 1844; _Life of Thomas Campbell 3 vols._ 1848. _d._ 13
    Upper Berkeley st. London 17 March 1875. _Madden’s Literary life
    of Countess of Blessington iii_, 255–76 (1855).

  BEATTY, GEORGE. Second lieutenant R.M. 16 May 1795, colonel
    commandant 12 Feb. 1842 to 9 Nov. 1846; general 20 June 1855. _d._
    Dublin 27 June 1857 aged 79.

  BEATTY, THOMAS EDWARD (_son of John Beatty, M.D._) Ed. at Trin.
    coll. Dublin; M.D. Edin. 1820, M.R.C.S. Ireland 1821, F.R.C.S.
    1824; master of South-Eastern Lying-in hospital, Dublin; professor
    of medical jurisprudence at Royal college of surgeons Dublin,
    pres. 1850; helped to found City of Dublin hospital 1832; pres. of
    Dublin Pathological Society 1859; fellow of King and Queen’s
    college of physicians 2 May 1862, pres. 1864–65; M.D. Dublin 1863.
    _d._ 3 May 1872.

  BEAUCHAMP, JOHN REGINALD PYNDAR, 3 Earl (_2 son of Wm. Lygon, 1 Earl
    Beauchamp 1747–1816_). Assumed name of Pyndar 22 Oct. 1813;
    succeeded 12 May 1823. _d._ 37 Portman sq. London 22 Jany. 1853 in
    71 year.

  BEAUCHAMP, HENRY BEAUCHAMP LYGON, 4 Earl (_brother of the
    preceding_). _b._ 5 Jany. 1784; cornet 13 Dragoons 9 July 1803;
    lieut. col. 1 Life Guards 17 July 1821 to 10 Jany. 1837; colonel
    10 Hussars 23 June 1843 to death; general 20 June 1854; M.P. for
    Worcestershire 1816–1831 and for West Worcestershire 1832–1853;
    succeeded 22 Jany. 1853. _d._ Madresfield Court, Great Malvern 8
    Sep. 1863.

  BEAUCLERK, AUBREY WILLIAM. _b._ 20 Feb. 1801; M.P. for East Surrey
    15 Dec. 1832 to 17 July 1837. _d._ Ardglass castle, co. Down 1
    Feb. 1854.

  BEAUFORT, JOHN HENRY SOMERSET, 7 Duke of (_eld. child of Henry
    Charles Somerset, 6 Duke of Beaufort 1766–1835_). _b._ 5 Feb.
    1792; cornet 10 Hussars 1811; aide de camp to Duke of Wellington
    in the Peninsula; captain 37 Foot 2 Dec. 1819 to 25 Oct. 1821 when
    placed on h.p.; M.P. for Monmouth 30 Dec. 1813 to 3 Dec. 1832 and
    for West Gloucs. 12 Jany. 1835 to 23 Nov. 1835 when he succeeded
    as 7 Duke; junior lord of the Admiralty 1816–1819; lieut. colonel
    commandant of Gloucestershire yeomanry April 1834 to death; K.G.
    1842; master of the Badminton fox hounds 1835 to death. _d._
    Badminton, Gloucs. 17 Nov. 1853. _Lord W. P. Lennox’s Celebrities
    I have known 2 series i_, 118–30 (1877); _Sporting Review xxxi_,
    69–70 (1854); _I.L.N. xxiii_, 448, 476 (1853), _portrait_.

  BEAUFORT, SIR FRANCIS (_younger son of Rev. Daniel Augustus Beaufort
    1739–1831, V. of Collon, co. Louth_). _b._ Collon 1774; entered
    navy 21 June 1787; engaged in the action off Brest 1 June 1794;
    constructed with R. L. Edgeworth a telegraph from Dublin to Galway
    1804; captain R.N. 30 May 1810; conducted survey of coast of Asia
    Minor 1810–12; granted pension for wounds 2 Dec. 1815, retired
    R.A. 1 Oct. 1846; F.R.S. 30 June 1814; one of founders of Royal
    Astronomical Society 1820 and of Royal Geographical Society 1830;
    corresponding member of Institute of France; hydrographer of the
    Admiralty July 1832 to 30 Jany. 1855; K.C.B. 27 April 1848; author
    of _Karamania or a brief description of the south coast of Asia
    Minor_ 1817 which was the chief book of travels of its day. _d._
    Hove near Brighton 17 Dec. 1857 in 84 year. _H. Martineau’s
    Biographical sketches_, _4 ed._ (1876) 213–30; _Quarterly Journal
    of Geological Soc. xiv_, 47–54 (1858); _Proc. of Royal Soc. ix_,
    524–27 (1858).

  BEAUFORT, FRANCIS LESTOCK (_son of the preceding_). _b._ 1815; in
    Bengal civil service 1837–76 when he retired upon the annuity
    fund; judge of the 24 Purgunnahs beyond the suburbs of Calcutta
    1863–76; author of _Digest of the criminal law procedure in
    Bengal_ 1850. _d._ 1879.

  BEAUFOY, HENRY BENJAMIN HANBURY (_eld. son of Mark Beaufoy of
    London, astronomer 1764–1827_). Established 4 scholarships at
    Univ. of Cam.; gave city of London school £10,000; erected at cost
    of £10,000 Lambeth Ragged schools opened 5 March 1851, and
    invested £4,000 in perpetual trust for their maintenance; formed a
    library of 25000 volumes; privately printed his father’s _Nautical
    and hydraulic experiments_ 1834; F.R.S. 14 Dec. 1815, F.L.S. _d._
    South Lambeth 12 July 1851 in 66 year. _H. Mayhew’s Shops of
    London i_, 7–12 (1865).

  BEAULIE, BARON A. DE. Belgian envoy extraordinary and minister
    plenipotentiary in London 1 March 1869 to death, _d._ 43 Upper
    Brook st. Grosvenor sq. 11 Oct. 1872 aged 66.

  BEAUMONT, MILES THOMAS STAPLETON, 8 Baron (_eld. son of Thomas
    Stapleton of Carlton hall, Yorkshire 1778–1839_). _b._ Richmond,
    Yorkshire 4 June 1805; fought a duel with major general Lorenzo
    Moore on Wimbledon Common 13 Feb. 1832 when he received a bullet
    in his breast which was never extracted; summoned to House of
    Lords by writ as one of the coheirs of barony of Beaumont 16 Oct.
    1840; col. commandant of 4 West York Militia 18 May 1853 to death;
    author of _Austria and Central Italy_ 1849; _The late edict of
    Court of Rome_; _Lord Beaumont’s letter to Lord Zetland_ 1850, _7
    ed._ 1850. _d._ 17 Bruton St. Berkeley sq. London 16 Aug. 1854.

  BEAUMONT, EDWARD BLACKETT. _b._ 1802; F.R.S. 4 June 1835, F.R.A.S.
    _d._ 33 Norland sq. Notting hill, London 7 June 1878.

  BEAUMONT, SIR GEORGE HOWLAND, 9 Baronet. _b._ Addington park, Surrey
    12 Sep. 1828; succeeded 7 June 1845; sheriff of Leicestershire
    1852. _d._ Cole Orton hall, Ashby-de-la-Zouch 8 June 1882.

  BEAUMONT, REV. JOSEPH. _b._ Castle Donington, Leics. 19 March 1794;
    Wesleyan minister 1813 to death; minister in Edinburgh 1821–23 and
    1833–35, in London 1831–32, 1836–38 and 1845–50, in Liverpool
    1839–44; M.D. Edin. 1836; an eloquent and popular preacher; author
    of _Memoir of Mrs. Mary Tatham_ 1838. _d._ in the pulpit of
    Waltham chapel, Hull 21 Jany. 1855. _Life by his son Joseph
    Beaumont_ 1856, _portrait_; _The lamps of the temple_, _3 ed._
    1856, 381–403.

  BEAUMONT, THOMAS (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 1 July 1795;
    L.S.A. 1822; surgeon at Bradford 1822 to death; pres. of Bradford
    Medical Association; alderman of Bradford; one of the founders of
    Bradford Temperance Society the first in England 2 Feb. 1830;
    author of _An essay on the nature and properties of alcoholic
    liquors_ 1837. _d._ Bradford 16 Oct. 1859.

  BEAUMONT, WILLIAM RAWLINGS. _b._ London 1803; studied at St.
    Bartholomews hospital and in Paris; M.R.C.S. 1826, F.R.C.S. 1844;
    surgeon to Islington dispensary; went to Toronto 1841; professor
    of surgery in Toronto Univ. 1843; surgeon to general hospital;
    M.D. Toronto 1850; emeritus professor of surgery in Trinity
    college; invented many surgical instruments, especially one for
    the making of deep sutures 1837, which suggested invention of the
    Singer sewing machine. _d._ 12 Oct. 1875. _Canadian Lancet 1 Nov.

  BEAUREGARD, ELIZABETH, Countess de (_dau. of Joseph Hargett_). Known
    as Miss Howard; remarkable for her beauty; mistress of Louis
    Napoleon to 1853 when he created her Countess de Beauregard. (_m._
    16 May 1854 Clarence Trelawney, Hussar officer in the Austrian
    army, he was _b._ 20 Dec. 1826 and obtained a divorce in Court of
    appeal Paris Feb. 1865). _d._ Chateau of Beauregard near
    Versailles 20 Aug. 1865 aged 42.

  BEAVAN, CHARLES (_son of Hugh Beavan of Llowes, Radnorshire_). _b._
    March 1805; ed. at Aldenham and Caius coll. Cam., 22 wrangler
    1829; B.A. 1829, M.A. 1832; barrister M.T. 25 June 1830, bencher 6
    May 1873; practised in Chancery courts; an official examiner of
    Court of Chancery June 1866 to Jany. 1884 when office abolished;
    author of _Reports of cases in Chancery argued and determined in
    the Rolls Court 36 vols._ 1840–69, being the longest series of
    authorized reports ever published. _d._ 91 St. George’s road,
    Pimlico, London 18 June 1884. _Solicitor’s Journal xxviii_, 173,
    592, 601 (1884).

  BEAVAN, EDWARD (_younger brother of the preceding_). _b._ 1814; ed.
    at Hounslow; practised as special pleader; barrister M.T. 3 May
    1844; recorder of Chester 1864–66. _d._ 15 Feb. 1870.

  BEAZLEY, SAMUEL (_son of Samuel Beazley of Whitehall, London, army
    accoutrement maker_). _b._ Whitehall 1786; served as a volunteer
    in the Peninsula; designed St. James’s, Lyceum and City of London
    theatres, also 2 theatres in Dublin, 2 in Belgium, 2 in India and
    1 in Brazil; erected London Bridge railway station, most of the
    stations on North Kent line and Lord Warden hotel at Dover; wrote
    and arranged more than 100 dramatic pieces chiefly farces and
    short comedies; author of _The Roué [anon.] 3 vols._ 1828; _The
    Oxonians, a glance at society 3 vols._ 1830. _d._ Tunbridge Castle
    12 Oct. 1851 in 66 year. _Lord W. P. Lennox’s Celebrities, I have
    known, 2 series ii_, 70–90 (1877); _Lord W. P. Lennox’s Percy
    Hamilton_ 1851 in which he is drawn to the life.

  BECHER, ALEXANDER BRIDPORT (_eld. son of Alexander Becher, captain
    R.N. who d. 1827_). _b._ 12 June 1796; midshipman R.N. 28 Nov.
    1812; captain on h.p. 20 March 1856, retired R.A. 11 June 1874;
    assistant in Hydrographic office 12 May 1823 to 1865, arranged and
    methodised all documents preserved there 1823–26; sec. to board of
    visitors of royal observatory; F.R.A.S. 1830, member of council;
    edited the _Nautical magazine_ from its commencement in 1832 to
    1871; author of _The landfall of Columbus on his first voyage to
    America_ 1856. _d._ 46 Upper Gloucester place, London 15 Feb.
    1876. _Dunkin’s Obituary notices of astronomers_ (1879) 1–6.

  BECHER, LADY ELIZA (_eld. dau. of John O’Neill, stage manager of the
    Drogheda theatre_). _b._ Drogheda 1791; made her début in Dublin
    at Crow street theatre as The widow Cheerly in the _Soldier’s
    daughter_ 1811 and in London at Covent Garden theatre as Juliet 6
    Oct. 1814; the favourite actress in London both in comedy and
    tragedy 1814–19; said to have made £12,000 a year; acted for the
    last time 13 July 1819. (_m._ 18 Dec. 1819 Wm. Wrixon, M.P. for
    Mallow, he was _b._ 31 July 1780, assumed name of Becher, was
    created a baronet 1831 and _d._ 23 Oct. 1850). _d._ Ballygiblin
    near Mallow 29 Oct. 1872. _Mrs. C. B. Wilson’s Our actresses i_,
    33–74 (1844), _portrait_; _Theatrical inquisitor vi_, 243 (1815),

  BECHER, JOHN REID. _b._ 3 July 1819; 2 lieut. Bengal Engineers 6
    March 1838; colonel 13 Oct. 1863; colonel commandant 15 Sep. 1881
    to death; served in Afghan campaign 1842 and Sutlej campaign 1846;
    general 29 July 1878; C.B. 18 May 1860. _d._ Southampton 9 July

  BECHER, MARTIN WILLIAM (_son of Wm. Becher of Norfolk, farmer who d.
    1816_). _b._ Norfolk; served in the Store-keeper general’s
    department; an officer in Buckinghamshire yeomanry cavalry 1821;
    won the Northampton steeple chase 4 April 1834; beat the Marquis
    of Waterford in a match for 1000 guineas a side 1834; won the St.
    Albans steeple chase 1835 and 1836 and many other races; the best
    steeple chase rider in England. _d._ 21 Maida hill, St. John’s
    Wood, London 11 Oct. 1864 aged 67. _Sporting Review lii_, 400–404
    (1864); _Scott and Sebright by the Druid_ (1885) 292–303,

  BECK, BARONESS VON, assumed name of Wilhelmina Racidula; passed
    herself off as a Hungarian exile who had rendered good service to
    the cause of independence; came to Birmingham with her secretary
    Constant Derra July 1851, where she was assisted by many of the
    Liberal leaders; arrested as an impostor and confined in Moor st.
    police court 29 Aug.; author of _Personal adventures during the
    late war of independence in Hungary 2 vols._ 1850. _d._ in the
    ante-room of the Court at Moor st. Birmingham 30 Aug. 1851 aged
    about 54. _The persecution and death of the Baroness Von Beck at
    Birmingham in August_ 1851, 8º. 1852; _Athenæum_ (1852) 578, 629,
    653, 701, 846 _and_ 869; _The facts of the case as to the
    pretended Baroness Von Beck by J. T. Smith_ 1852.

  BECK, EDWARD. Commanded a merchant ship; a slate merchant at
    Isleworth, Middlesex; constructed the great waterworks at Hampton;
    one of most successful growers of Pelargoniums in the kingdom,
    long unrivalled as an exhibitor; author of _A treatise on the
    cultivation of the Pelargonium_ 1847; edited _The florist and
    garden miscellany 4 vols._ 1848–61. _d._ Worton cottage, Isleworth
    15 Jany. 1861 aged 57. _The Florist Feb. 1861, pp._ 36–38.

  BECK, RICHARD. Manufacturing optician at 31 Cornhill, London; author
    of _A treatise on the construction, proper use and capabilities of
    Smith, Beck and Beck’s achromatic microscopes_ 1865 and of 9
    papers read before the Microscopical Society 1859–66. _d._
    Stamford hill, London 30 Sep. 1866 aged nearly 39.

  BECK, THOMAS SNOW. _b._ Newcastle-upon-Tyne; ed. at gr. school
    there, and in Cumberland; apprenticed to a surgeon at Newcastle;
    student at Univ. college London 1836; M.R.C.S. 1839, F.R.C.S.
    1847; walked the Paris hospitals 1839–40; visited universities of
    Switzerland, Italy and Germany 1840–41; M.D. London 1849; M.R.C.P.
    1852; practised in London 1841; phys. to Farringdon general
    dispensary 1850; F.R.S. 5 June 1851, royal medallist 1845. _d._ 7
    Portland place, London 6 Jany. 1877 aged 63. _Medical Circular i_,
    209–211 (1852).

  BECKER, CARL LUDWIG CHRISTIAN. _b._ Ratzeburg in Mecklenberg
    Strelitz 16 July 1821; manager for Elliott brothers of London
    electrical engineers 1858; member of the firm 1873 to death;
    F.R.A.S. Jany. 1874. _d._ 55 St. Paul’s Road Canonbury 3 April

  BECKET, THOMAS. M.R.C.S. 1794, F.R.C.S. 1843; surgeon 1 Foot Guards
    8 July 1795 to 1809; surgeon to the Savoy 28 Sep. 1809. _d._ 5
    Russell place, Fitzroy sq. London 21 July 1856 aged 82.

  BECKETT, SIR EDMUND, 4 Baronet, _b._ Gledhow hall, Leeds 29 Jany
    1787; M.P. for west riding Yorkshire 12 July 1841 to 23 July 1847,
    and 11 Dec. 1848 to 23 April 1859; succeeded 17 Nov. 1872. _d._
    Doncaster 24 May 1874. Personalty sworn under £300,000 Aug. 1874.
    _I.L.N. lxiv_, 547 (1874) _lxv_, 236 (1874).

  BECKETT, JOHN STANIFORTH (_son of Joseph Beckett, of Barnsley
    1751–1840_). Presented a dispensary to Barnsley, to which he also
    left sum of £5000. _d._ Wombwell near Barnsley 9 Nov. 1868 in 75
    year. Personalty sworn under £350,000 Jany. 1869.

  BECKETT, SIR THOMAS, 3 Baronet. _b._ Leeds 1 Jany. 1779; succeeded
    31 May 1847. _d._ Somerby park near Gainsborough 17 Nov. 1872.
    Personalty sworn under £350,000 March 1873.

  BECKETT, WILLIAM (_5 son of Sir John Beckett, 1 Baronet 1743–1826_).
    _b._ Leeds 3 March 1784; principal partner in the eminent banking
    firm of Beckett and Co. of the Leeds “Old Bank”; M.P. for Leeds
    1841 to 1852 and for Ripon 1852 to 1857. _d._ Brighton 26 Jany.
    1863. _Rev. R. V. Taylor’s Biographia Leodiensis_ (1865) 506–509.

  BECKWITH, JOHN CHARLES (_eld. child of John Beckwith of Halifax,
    Nova Scotia_). _b._ Halifax 2 Oct. 1789; ensign 50 Foot 1803,
    exchanged into 95 Foot 1804, captain 1808 to 20 Jany. 1820 when
    placed on h.p.; served in Hanover, Denmark and Sweden, and in the
    Peninsula 1809–14; lost his left leg at Waterloo where 4 horses
    were killed under him 18 June 1815; C.B. 22 June 1815, M.G. 9 Nov.
    1846; visited the Vaudois valleys Piedmont Oct. 1827 and 5
    succeeding years, lived at St. Jean 1834–39 and at La Tour
    1841–51, established 120 schools in the Vaudois valleys all of
    which he frequently inspected; knight of Sardinian order of St.
    Maurice and St. Lazarus 15 Dec. 1848. (_m._ 20 June 1850 Caroline
    Volle of the Vaudois). _d._ La Tour 19 July 1862. _bur._ in the
    cemetery of Tour Pellice. _General Beckwith, his life and labours
    among the Waldenses of Piedmont by J. P. Meille_ 1873.

  BECKWITH, JOSEPH. An early member of the Corresponding Society which
    was founded 1791; a contemporary of Hardy and Thelwall; lived in
    Clerkenwell nearly 60 years. _d._ 3 Dec. 1860 aged 84.

  BECKWITH, WILLIAM (_eld. son of Wm. Beckwith of Trimdon, co. Durham
    1772–1847_). _b._ 20 Aug. 1795; cornet 16 Dragoons 7 Jany. 1813;
    major 14 Dragoons 14 Feb. 1828 to 6 Dec. 1833 when placed on h.p.;
    colonel 15 Hussars 17 July 1859 to death; general 9 April 1868;
    K.H. 1832; sheriff of Durham 1858. _d._ Silkworth near Sunderland
    23 Feb. 1871.

  BEDDOME, JOHN REYNOLDS. M.R.C.S. 1811; M.D. Erlangen; surgeon at
    Romsey 1811 to death; mayor of Romsey 6 times, _d._ Romsey 26 Dec.
    1859. _I.L.N. xxxiv_, 385 (1859), _portrait_.

  BEDFORD, FRANCIS RUSSELL, 7 Duke of (_eld. child of John Russell 6
    Duke of Bedford 1766–1839_). _b._ 13 May 1788; ed. at Westminster
    and Trin. coll. Cam., M.A. 1808; M.P. for Beds. 1812 to 1832;
    summoned to House of Lords as Baron Howland 15 Jany. 1833;
    succeeded as 7 Duke 20 Oct. 1839; P.C. 6 July 1846; K.G. 26 March
    1847; lord lieutenant of Beds. 29 Nov. 1859; high steward of
    Cambridge 1860; master of the Oakley hounds to 1828 when he sold
    the pack to Lord Southampton for £2,000, master again 1836–39.
    _d._ Woburn Abbey, Beds. 14 May 1861. _Baily’s Mag. i_, 57–59
    (1860), _portrait_; _Waagen’s Treasures of Art ii_, 283–86, _iii_,
    463–74 _and iv_. 331–37.

  BEDFORD, WILLIAM RUSSELL, 8 Duke of. _b._ Grosvenor square London 1
    July 1809; M.P. for Tavistock 10 Dec. 1832 to 23 June 1841;
    succeeded 14 May 1861. _d._ 6 Belgrave sq. London 26 May 1872.
    Personalty sworn under £600,000 June 1872. _I.L.N. lx_, 555. 592,
    623 (1872), _portrait_.

  BEDFORD, FRANCIS. _b._ 1799; apprenticed to Finlay a bookbinder
    1814; worked under Charles Lewis, foremost of English bookbinders;
    carried on business for benefit of Lewis’s widow; partner with
    John Clarke who was unrivalled in tree marbled calf; afterwards in
    business alone at 91 York st. Westminster; the best binder in
    England or perhaps Europe. _d._ 12 Coningham road, Shepherd’s Bush
    8 June 1883. His library was sold by Sothebys 21, 22, 24 and 25
    March 1884 for £4,876 16s. 6d.

  BEDFORD, GEORGE AUGUSTUS. _b._ 8 Feb. 1809; entered navy 23 Dec.
    1823; Captain 2 Jan. 1854; retired V.A. 22 March 1876; F.R.G.S.
    1859. _d._ The Elms, Sydenham hill 11 Feb. 1879.

  BEDFORD, REV. JOHN (_son of John Bedford of Wakefield_). _b._
    Wakefield 27 July 1810; Wesleyan minister at Glasgow 1831; at
    Manchester 1855 to death; sec. to general chapel committee
    1860–72; pres. of conference 1867; author of _Correspondence with
    the Rev. Wm. Sutcliffe relative to the doctrines, ministry and
    system of the Wesleyan Methodists_ 1842. _d._ Chorlton-cum-Hardy
    near Manchester 20 Nov. 1879. _I.L.N. li_, 232 (1867), _portrait_.

  BEDFORD, PAUL JOHN. _b._ Bath 24 Jany. 1792; made his début on the
    stage at Bath 1815; acted in Ireland and Scotland; made his début
    in London at Drury Lane 2 Nov. 1824 as Hawthorn in opera of _Love
    in a village_; played at Adelphi theatre 1838–67; had one of the
    deepest and richest bass voices ever heard, his best parts were
    Blueskin in _Jack Sheppard_ 1839, Jack Gong in _The green bushes_
    1845 and the Kinchin cove in _The flowers of the forest_ 1847;
    took his farewell of the stage at the Queen’s theatre 16 May 1868;
    sang at Weston’s Music hall London and The hall by the sea Margate
    1869; author of _Recollections and wanderings_ 1864; _Drawing room
    dramas_ 1874. (_m._ (1) Miss Green of Dublin, an actress who _d._
    April 1833 aged 32). (_m._ (2) Miss Verinder, a pianist and
    harpist, she _d._ 1864). _d._ Lindsey place, Chelsea 11 Jany.
    1871. _Theatrical times i_, 129 (1847), _portrait_; _Illust.
    sporting news ii_, 180 (1863), _portrait, v_. 133 (1866),

    Richard Bedingfeld, 5 Baronet 1767–1829_). _b._ 12 Aug. 1808;
    crown comr. of Turk’s Island in the Bahamas 1842–49; barrister
    L.I. 26 April 1849; master of supreme court of Trinidad 1849–54;
    colonial sec. for and member of council of Mauritius 1860–68;
    C.M.G. 1869. _d._ Pilgrim, Lymington, Hants. 7 Dec. 1884.

    Norfolk 10 May 1800; succeeded 22 Nov. 1829. _d._ Oxburgh 4 Feb.

  BEDSON, GEORGE. _b._ Sutton Coldfield, Warwick 3 Nov. 1820; manager
    of business of Messrs. Johnson of Manchester 1851; manager of
    Bradford iron works 1858 to death; initiated and perfected many
    inventions in the iron and wire trades; propounded theory of
    continuous brakes for railway trains about 1864; lived at Bradford
    1858–72 and 1882 to death, and at Marple, Cheshire 1872–82. _d._
    Bradford house, Manchester 12 Dec. 1884.

  BEECH, REV. HUGH. _b._ Chesterton, Staffs. 3 June 1787; Wesleyan
    minister 1811 to death, _d._ Cheedle, Staffs. 22 Feb. 1856. _The
    good soldier, a memoir of Rev. Hugh Beech_ 1856.

  BEECHAM, REV. JOHN. _b._ Barnoldby-le-Beck near Great Grimsby 1787;
    became a Wesleyan preacher 1815; general secretary of Wesleyan
    Missionary Society 1831 to death; pres. of Wesleyan conference
    1850; author of _An essay on the constitution of Wesleyan
    Methodism_ 1829, _3 ed._ 1851; _Ashantee and the Gold Coast_ 1841.
    _d._ Canonbury, London 22 April 1856. _Wesleyan Meth. Mag. lxxix,
    pt. 2_, 577–605 (1856).

  BEECHEY, FREDERICK WILLIAM (_2 son of Sir Wm. Beechey R.A.
    1753–1839_). _b._ 17 Feb. 1796; entered the navy 7 July 1806; went
    with Sir John Franklin to Spitzbergen on his first expedition
    1818; with Edward Parry in the Hecla 1819; helped to survey north
    coast of Africa Nov. 1821 to July 1822; commanded the Blossom in
    the Pacific 1825–28; captain 8 May 1827; surveyed coast of Ireland
    1837–47; superintendent marine department of Board of Trade 1850
    to death; aide de camp to the Queen 18 July 1851 to 11 Sep. 1854;
    R.A. 11 Sep. 1854; F.R.G.S. 1833, pres. 1855 to death; F.R.S. 23
    Dec. 1824, vice pres. 1854; author of _Narrative of a voyage to
    the Pacific and Behring’s Strait 2 vols._ 1831; _A voyage of
    discovery towards the north_ pole 1843. _d._ 8 Westbourne
    crescent, Hyde Park, London 29 Nov. 1856. _Proceedings of Royal
    Society viii_, 283–87 (1856).

  BEECHEY, GEORGE D. (_brother of the preceding_). Portrait painter;
    exhibited 24 portraits at the R.A. 1817 to 1832; went to Calcutta
    about 1830; court painter and controller of the household to King
    of Oudh. (_m._ an Indian Lady called Hinda, whose _portrait_ he
    sent to the R.A. 1822). Supposed to have died in India 1856.

  BEECHEY, HENRY WILLIAM (_brother of the preceding_). travelled with
    Belzoni in Egypt 1816–17; examined and reported on antiquities of
    the Cyrenaica for Colonial Office 1821–22; F.S.A. 1825; exhibited
    a picture at the R.A. 1829, and another at British Institution
    1838; emigrated to New Zealand 1855; wrote a memoir of Sir Joshua
    Reynolds prefixed to his Literary works published in 2 vols. 1835
    and reprinted 1852. Supposed to have died in New Zealand in or
    about 1870.

  BEECHING, JAMES. _b._ Bexhill near Hastings 1788; apprenticed to a
    boat builder; boat builder at Great Yarmouth; introduced the
    handsome build of fishing vessel now used there; invented the self
    righting lifeboat for which he gained the prize of £105, 13 Aug.
    1851 when 280 models were sent in from all parts of the world, his
    boat slightly modified has served as the model for all the boats
    of the Royal National Lifeboat institution. _d._ 7 June 1858.
    _Rev. John Gilmore’s Storm warriors_ (1874) 32–47.

  BEECROFT, GEORGE SKIRROW. _b._ Outwood house, Horsforth near Leeds
    16 Nov. 1809; proprietor of Kirkstall forge near Leeds; M.P. for
    Leeds 5 June 1857 to 11 Nov. 1868; seconded address of House of
    Commons in reply to speech from the throne 3 Feb. 1859. _d._ 4
    Gloucester terrace, Regent’s park, London 18 March 1869. _I.L.N.
    xxxiv_, 189 (1859), _portrait_.

  BEECROFT, JOHN. Explored the Niger and other rivers falling into the
    Gulf of Guinea 1832 to death; governor of Fernando Po; consul
    general for West Africa 1850. _d._ Clarence, West coast of Africa
    10 June 1854.

  BEER, JOHN (_eld. son of John Beer of Devonport, coal merchant_),
    _b._ Devonport about Dec. 1806; solicitor at Devonport 1827 to
    death; clerk to the Devonport comrs. 1838–82; an able advocate,
    engaged in all the chief local trials; member of Devonport town
    council many years and mayor 1849 and 1850; recorder of Saltash
    1871 to death, _d._ 2 Albemarle villas, Stoke 14 April 1883.

  BEER, JULIUS. _b._ Frankfort 1836; proprietor of _The Observer_
    London weekly paper 1870 to death; F.R.G.S. 1870. _d._ Mentone 29
    Feb. 1880 in 44 year. _bur._ Highgate cemetery 8 March. Personalty
    sworn under £400,000 March 1880.

  BEETE, ROBERT CROSBY. First puisne judge British Guiana 1853 to
    Jany. 1869 when he retired on a pension. _d._ Charing Cross
    hospital London 2 Nov. 1878 aged 68.

  BEETON, SAMUEL ORCHART. Bookseller and publisher at 148 Fleet st.
    London; published the first English edition of _Uncle Tom’s Cabin_
    1852; went a voyage to America to present Mrs. Stowe with a
    voluntary payment of £500; published _Beeton’s Christmas Annuals_
    1860–65; sold his stock and copyrights for £1,900 to Ward, Lock
    and Tyler Sep. 1866; a publisher again 1877 to death; author with
    Doughty and Emerson of _The coming K._ 1872; _The Siliad_ 1873
    _and Jon Duan_ 1874. _d._ Sudbrook park, Richmond, Surrey 6 June
    1877 aged 46. _The law reports Equity cases xix_, 207–22 (1875).

  BEEVOR, SIR THOMAS BRANTHWAYT, 3 Baronet, _b._ Old Buckenham,
    Norfolk 7 April 1798; succeeded 10 Dec. 1820. _d._ Yarmouth 6
    April 1879.

  BEEVOR, SIR THOMAS, 4 Baronet. _b._ Hargham Norfolk 23 Aug. 1823;
    ed. at Univ. coll. London; barrister L.I. 29 Jany. 1850; chairman
    of Norwich Union life assurance society; succeeded 6 April 1879.
    _d._ Hingham, Attleborough, Norfolk 18 Aug. 1885.

  BEGBIE, JAMES, _b._ Edinburgh 18 Dec. 1799; ed. at high school and
    Univ. of Edin.; M.D. 1821; F.R.C.S. Edin. 1822; F.R.C.P. Edin.
    1847, pres. 1854–50; pres. of Medico Chirurgical Society 1850–52;
    one of Her Majesty’s physicians in ordinary in Scotland 6 June
    1853; author of _Contributions to practical medicine_ 1862, and of
    many papers in medical journals. _d._ 10 Charlotte sq. Edinburgh
    26 Aug. 1869. _Proc. of Royal Society of Edin. vii_, 2–6 (1872).

  BEGBIE, JAMES WARBURTON (_2 son of the preceding_). _b._ 19 Nov.
    1826; ed. at Edinburgh academy and univ., M.D. 1847, LLD. Aug.
    1875; pres. of Royal Medical Society 1847–49; practised at
    Edinburgh 1852; F.R.C.P. Edin. 1852; phys. to the Cholera hospital
    1854; phys. to Royal Infirmary 1855–65, lectured on practice of
    physic there 10 winter sessions 1855–65; had the largest
    consulting physician’s practice in Scotland 1869 to death; author
    of _A handy book of medical information and advice by a physician_
    1860, _2 ed._ 1872; wrote 13 articles in _J. R. Reynolds’s System
    of medicine 3 vols._ 1871 and many reviews and notices in
    _Edinburgh Medical Journal_. _d._ 16 Great Stuart st. Edinburgh 25
    Feb. 1876. _Selections from the works of the late J. W. Begbie,
    edited by Dyce Duckworth, The New Sydenham Society London_ 1882,

  BEGG, REV. JAMES. _b._ Manse of New Monkland, Lanarkshire 31 Oct.
    1808; ed. at Univ. of Glasgow, M.A.; licensed as a preacher June
    1829; minister at Maxwelltown, Dumfries 18 May 1830; minister of
    Middle parish church Paisley 1831, and of Liberton near Edin. 25
    June 1835 to 5 July 1843 when he was declared no longer a minister
    having joined in the Free Secession; minister of Newington Free
    church near Edin. 1843 to death; sent by his church to Canada on
    public duty 1844–45; moderator of Free general assembly 18 May
    1865; a sum of £4,600 was presented to him by his friends 1875;
    author of _Are you prepared to die_ 1845; _How to promote and
    preserve the beauty of Edinburgh_ 1849; _A handbook of Popery_
    1852; _The art of preaching_ 1863. _d._ George sq. Edinburgh 29
    Sep. 1883. _Memoirs by Professor Thomas Smith_ (1885); _John
    Smith’s Our Scottish clergy, 3 series_ (1851) 127–33.

  BEHAN, THOMAS LAWRENCE. Connected with the _Hampshire Independent_;
    on the staff of the _Observer_ and other London newspapers;
    editor, manager, and publisher of the _London Gazette_ 1 Oct 1854
    to death, _d._ Southampton 27 Aug. 1860 aged 66.

  BEHNES, WILLIAM. _b._ London 1794; learnt drawing in Dublin; gained
    3 silver medals at Royal Academy; a _portrait_ draughtsman in
    London, afterwards a sculptor; executed busts of many of the most
    eminent men of his time; executed statues of Lady Godiva 1844,
    Europa 1848 and The startled nymph 1849; exhibited 215 sculptures
    at the R.A. 1815–63; bankrupt on his own petition 25 Nov. 1861.
    _d._ Middlesex hospital London 8 Jany. 1864. _Cornhill Mag. ix_,
    688–701 (1864); _Lectures on art by Henry Weeks_ (1880) 294–317;
    _W. B. Scott’s British school of sculpture_ (1871) 99–102.

  BEHRENS, LOUIS. _b._ Hamburg 1801; joined his brother Jacob in
    business as merchants at Bradford 1836; founded a business in
    Manchester 1840; established it as a separate concern 1870. _d._
    Southport 1 June 1884.

  BEKE, CHARLES TILSTONE (_son of James Beck, of Hackney, London,
    commissioner of sewers_). _b._ Stepney, London 10 Oct. 1800;
    student at Lincoln’s Inn; changed spelling of his name from Beck
    to Beke 1834; acting consul at Leipzig 1837–38; Ph. Doc. Univ. of
    Tubingen 6 Aug. 1837; travelled in Abyssinia 1840–43 and 1865–66;
    received gold medals of Royal Geographical Societies of London and
    Paris 1845 and 1846; sec. to National Association for protection
    of industry and capital throughout British empire 1849–53, when
    association was dissolved; granted a civil list pension of £100 14
    Dec. 1870; went to Palestine to determine position of Mount Sinai
    Dec. 1873; F.S.A. 1835; author of _Origines Biblicæ_ 1834; _The
    sources of the Nile_ 1860; _The British captives in Abyssinia_
    1865; _The idol in Horeb_ 1871 and other books. _d._ Bromley, Kent
    31 July 1874. _Summary of the late Dr. Beke’s published works and
    of his inadequately requited public services By his widow_ 1876;
    _Dictionary of national biography iv_, 138–41 (1885); _I.L.N.
    lxv_, 140 (1874), _portrait_; _Graphic x_, 174 (1874), _portrait_.

  BELCHER, SIR EDWARD (_2 son of Andrew Belcher, of Clarence lodge,
    Roehampton, Surrey_). _b._ Nova Scotia 1799; entered navy 9 April
    1812; one of original fellows of Royal Geog. Soc. 1830; sailed
    round the world in H.M.S. Sulphur 1836–42; captain 6 May 1841;
    engaged surveying in East Indies 1842–47; C.B. 14 Oct. 1841,
    K.C.B. 13 March 1867; knighted by patent for his services in China
    21 Jany. 1843; granted pension for wounds 13 March 1847; commanded
    expedition in search of Sir John Franklin 10 Feb. 1852 to Oct.
    1854; admiral 20 Oct. 1872; F.R.A.S. Dec. 1837; claimed to be the
    inventor of water-tight bulkheads and compartments; granted a
    Greenwich hospital pension of £150 per annum 7 Dec. 1874; author
    of _A treatise on nautical surveying_ 1835; _Narrative of a voyage
    round the world 2 vols._ 1843; _Narrative of the voyage of H.M.S.
    Samarang 2 vols._ 1848; _Horatio Howard Brenton a naval novel 3
    vols._ 1856; _The last of the Arctic voyages 2 vols._ 1855. (_m._
    11 Sep. 1830 Diana dau. of George Jolliffe, captain H.E.I.C.S.)
    _d._ 6 Melcombe place, Dorset sq. London 18 March 1877. _Army and
    Navy mag. iv_, 1–5 (1882), _portrait_; _I.L.N. xxi_, 321 (1852),
    _portrait, lxx_, 299 (1878), _portrait_; _Journal of Royal Geog.
    Soc. xlvii_, 136–42 (1877); _Monthly notices of Royal Astron. Soc.
    xxxviii_, 141–43 (1878); _Transactions of Instit. of naval
    architects xi_, 12–19, 197–211 (1870).

  BELCHER, REV. JOSEPH. _b._ Birmingham 5 April 1794; Baptist divine;
    went to United States 1844; author of _Pastoral recollections_
    1837; _The clergy of America_ 1849; _George Whitfield, a
    biography_ 1860; said to have written more religious works than
    any other author of the century. _d._ Philadelphia 10 July 1859.

  BELCHER, THOMAS. _b._ St. James’s churchyard Bristol 14 April 1783;
    went to London 1803; fought and beat Jack Ware in Tothill Fields,
    Westminster 26 June 1804; beaten by Wm. Ryan at Willesden Green 30
    Nov. 1804, but beat him near Chertsey 4 June 1805; beat Jack
    O’Donnell at Shepperton 27 April 1805; fought Dutch Sam (Elias
    Samuels) for 100 guineas at Moulsey Hurst 8 Feb. 1806, when
    beaten; fought him again 20 July 1807, when fight was declared
    drawn; beaten by him 21 Aug. 1807; beat Dogherty 14 April 1808,
    Cropley 25 Oct. 1808, Farnborough 1 Feb. 1809, Silverthorne 6 June
    1811; fought Dogherty again for 100 guineas on the Curragh of
    Kildare 23 April 1813, when he won again; landlord of the Castle
    Tavern Holborn 1814–28; one of the 18 pugilists selected by
    Jackson to act with him as pages at coronation of George IV. in
    Westminster Abbey 19 July 1821, one gold coronation medal was
    given to the boxers which they raffled for, when Belcher won it
    and held the trophy until his death. _d._ Peckham, _d._ of
    apoplexy at 19 Trafalgar sq. Peckham, Surrey 9 Dec. 1854.
    _Pugilistica by H. D. Miles i_, 153–66 (1880), _portrait_; _The
    Fancy by An Operator i_, 297–300 (1826), _portrait_; _Every night
    book_ (1827) 37–44; _Boxiana by P. Egan ii_, 28–45 (1818).

  BELDAM, JOSEPH (_3 son of Wm. Beldam of Royston, Herts who d. 20
    June 1827 aged 64_). _b._ 26 Dec. 1795; ed. at St Peter’s coll.
    Cam.; barrister M.T. 12 May 1825; standing counsel for Anti
    slavery party; F.S.A. 1 May 1856; author of _Il pastore incantato,
    a drama_; _Pompeii and other poems by a student of the Middle
    Temple_ 1823; _A summary of the laws peculiarly affecting
    Protestant dissenters_ 1827; _Recollections of scenes and
    institutions in Italy and the East 2 vols._ 1851. _d._ Royston 6
    June 1866.

  BELDHAM, WILLIAM. _b._ Wrecclesham near Farnham, Surrey 5 Feb. 1766;
    professional cricketer; the “crack” batsman of England many years,
    excelled also in bowling, fielding, wicket keeping and single
    wicket playing; played in the Gentlemen versus Players match 1787
    to 1821; the last surviving member of the once far famed Hambledon
    cricket club; had 39 children, 28 by his first wife, all of whom
    died young leaving no issue. _d._ Tilford near Farnham 20 Feb.
    1862. _Nyren’s Cricketer’s Tutor_ (1833) 93–96.

  BELFORD, WILLIAM ROWLES. _b._ Easton near Bristol Dec. 1824; made
    his début in London at Sadler’s Wells theatre 22 Dec. 1851 as Sir
    Charles Cropland in _The poor Gentleman_; played prominent parts
    in 32 Shakespearian revivals at same house 1852–63; acted with S.
    Phelps in Germany 1859; played at Strand theatre about 1863–69;
    created leading role in W.S. Gilbert’s comedy _Randall’s Thumb_ at
    Court theatre 25 Jany. 1871; played Henry the 8th in the provinces
    1876; last appeared on the stage at Imperial theatre London April
    1879 in comic drama of _A rough diamond_; acted at nearly every
    west-end theatre in London; sum of £1,100 was raised for him Dec.
    1879. _d._ 43 Grand parade, Brighton 3 June 1881. _Pascoe’s
    Dramatic list_ (1880) 42.

  BELFOUR, EDMUND. Secretary of Royal college of surgeons 1814 to
    death, _d._ 37 Lincoln’s Inn Fields 30 Jany. 1865 in 76 year.

    child of Wm. Hamilton, 7 Baron Belhaven and Stenton 1765–1814._)
    _b._ Wishaw house, Lanarkshire 1793; succeeded 29 Oct. 1814;
    created Baron Hamilton of Wishaw in peerage of U.K. 10 Sep. 1831;
    lord high comr. to general assembly of Church of Scotland 1831–41,
    1847–51, 1853–57 and 1860–66; lieut. col. commandant 1 Lanarkshire
    militia 21 Nov. 1833 to death; lord lieut. of Lanarkshire 10 Aug.
    1863 to death. _d._ Wishaw house 22 Dec. 1868.

  BELL, ALEXANDER. _b._ Cupar Fife 1775; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; pupil
    of Sir Astley Cooper in London, M.R.C.S.; served in Ireland as
    surgeon of 1st Regiment of Dundee Volunteers (Loyal Tay Fencibles)
    during rebellion of 1798 until May 1802 when regiment was
    disbanded; practised in village of Errol 1802–1807, and at Dundee
    1807–50 surgeon to Dundee infirmary 30 years; performed operation
    of lithotomy many times with great success. _d._ Dundee 28 March

  BELL, ALEXANDER. Professor of elocution in London; author of
    Practical elocutionist 1835; _The tongue, a poem_ 1846; _The
    Bride, a play_ 1847; _Stammering and other impediments of speech_
    1849. _d._ Harrington sq. London 23 April 1865.

  BELL, ALEXANDER MONTGOMERIE (_son of John Bell of Paisley,
    manufacturer_). _b._ Paisley 4 Dec. 1809; ed. at Paisley gr. sch.
    and Univ. of Glasgow; a writer to the Signet 1835; partner of
    Messrs. Dundas and Wilson; professor of conveyancing in the Univ.
    of Edin. 1856 to death; author of _Lectures on conveyancing_ 1867,
    _3 ed. 2 vols._ 1882. _d._ East Morningside house, Edinburgh 19
    Jany. 1866.

  BELL, ARCHIBALD. _b._ 1775; member of faculty of advocates 1798;
    sheriff depute of Ayrshire 18 Feb. 1815; author of _The Cabinet, a
    series of essays moral and literary [anon.] 2 vols._ 1835; _Count
    Clermont, a tragedy, Caius Toranius, a tragedy with other poems_
    1841; _Melodies of Scotland_ 1849. _d._ Edinburgh 6 Oct. 1854.

  BELL, BENJAMIN (_son of Joseph Bell of Edinburgh, surgeon
    1786–1848_). _b._ Edinburgh 13 April 1810; ed. in Edin. and
    London; L.R.C.S. Edin. 1832, F.R.C.S. 1835, pres. 1864; M.R.C.S.
    1833; founded with Robert Hamilton the Eye infirmary Edin. 1834;
    vice pres. of Medico-Chirurgical society of Edin. 1856, pres.
    1859–61; author of _A probationary essay on injuries of the male
    urethra_ 1835; _The life of Benjamin Bell by his grandson_ 1868.
    _d._ Coates crescent, Edinburgh 13 June 1883. _Edinburgh Medical
    Journal xxix_, 91–95 (1884).

  BELL, CATHERINE DOUGLAS. Author of _Arnold Lee, or rich children and
    poor children by cousin Kate_ 1852; _Help in time of need_ 1856,
    _2 ed._ 1866; _Self mastery_ 1857; _Home sunshine_ 1859, _2 ed._
    1866; _Hope Campbell, or know thyself_ 1866 and other books for
    children. _d._ Edinburgh 15 Nov. 1861. _Last hours with cousin
    Kate_ [_C. D. Bell_] 1862, _portrait_.

  BELL, CHARLES. _b._ London 1805; partner in firm of Thomson, Bonar &
    Co. of London and St. Petersburg, merchants; M.P. for City of
    London 16 Nov. 1868 to death. _d._ Terrace house, Richmond, Surrey
    9 Feb. 1869. Personalty sworn under £300,000 April 1869.

  BELL, CHRISTOPHER. Entered navy June 1796; captain 7 Feb. 1812,
    retired R.A. 1 Oct. 1846; C.B. 4 July 1840. _d._ Aigburth Ash near
    Liverpool 16 Oct. 1853 aged 70.

  BELL, EDWARD WELLS. Lieutenant 7 Foot 16 May 1811; major 19 Dec.
    1826 to 29 June 1830 when placed on h.p.; colonel 66 Foot 26 Dec.
    1859 to death; general 12 July 1868. _d._ Kempsey, Worcester 9
    Oct. 1870.

  BELL, EDWARD WILLIAM DERRINGTON. _b._ 1824; 2 lieut. 23 Foot 15
    April 1842; lieut. col. 8 Jany. 1858 to 1 Sep. 1869; served in
    Russian war 1854–55 and in Sepoy mutiny 1857–58; personally
    captured and secured the first gun taken at battle of the Alma;
    M.G. 6 March 1868; commanded Belfast district 28 Feb. 1875 to
    death; C.B. 13 March 1867; V.C. 26 June 1856. _d._ Fort William
    park, Belfast 10 Nov. 1879.

  BELL, SIR GEORGE (_son of George Bell of Belle Vue on Lough Erin
    Fermanagh_). _b._ Belle Vue 17 March 1794; ed. at Dublin; ensign
    34 Foot 11 March 1811; served in the Peninsula 1811–14; lieut.
    col. 1 Foot 5 Dec. 1843 to 1 May 1855; commanded 1 brigade of
    third division in Crimean war 1854–55; inspecting field officer at
    Liverpool 1 May 1855 to 4 April 1859; colonel 104 Foot 23 Oct.
    1863, of 32 Foot 2 Feb. 1867 and of 1 Foot 3 Aug. 1868 to death;
    general 8 March 1875; C.B. 5 July 1855, K.C.B. 13 March 1867. _d._
    156 Westbourne terrace, London 10 July 1877. _Rough notes by an
    old soldier Sir G. Bell 2 vols._ 1867, _portrait_.

  BELL, HENRY GLASSFORD (_eld. son of James Bell, Town clerk of
    Greenock_). _b._ Glasgow 8 Nov. 1805; ed. at Glasgow high school
    and Univ. of Edin.; admitted advocate 20 Nov. 1832; sheriff
    substitute of Lanarkshire 1 July 1838; sheriff principal 8 June
    1867 to death; started _Edinburgh Literary Journal_ 1828, edited
    it to 14 Jany. 1832 when it was merged in _Edinburgh Weekly
    Chronicle_; he is sketched under name of Tallboys in _Noctes
    Ambrosianæ_; author of _Life of Mary Queen of Scots 2 vols._ 1828;
    _Summer and winter hours_ 1831; _Romances and minor poems_ 1866.
    _d._ Glasgow 7 Jany. 1874. _Journal of jurisprudence xviii_,
    92–103 (1874).

  BELL, JACOB (_son of John Bell of 338 Oxford st. London, chemist who
    d. 14 Jany. 1849 aged 74_). _b._ 338 Oxford St. 5 March 1810;
    apprenticed to his father 1827–32; chemist in Oxford st. 1832 to
    death, his drugs earned a European reputation; founder of
    Pharmaceutical Society 1841, on which he spent a large sum; edited
    _Pharmaceutical Journal_ July 1841 to death; M.P. for St. Albans
    24 Dec. 1850 to 1 July 1852; contested Great Malvern 1852 and
    Marylebone 1854; collected at his house 15 Langham place, London a
    gallery of pictures many by Sir Edwin Landseer, the 13 best of
    which he bequeathed to the nation; F.L.S. 6 March 1832; author of
    _Chemical and pharmaceutical processes and products_ 1852. _d._
    Tunbridge Wells 12 June 1859. _J. Bell and T. Redwood’s Historical
    sketch of progress of pharmacy_ (1880) 280–92; _I.L.N. xviii_, 299
    (1851), _portrait, xxxi_, 4, 24 (1859), _portrait_.

  BELL, JAMES SPENCER. _b._ 1818; M.P. for Guildford 7 July 1852 to 21
    March 1857. _d._ 1 Devonshire place, Portland place, London 22
    Feb. 1872.

  BELL, JOHN (_only son of John Bell of Thirsk_). _b._ 1809; M.P. for
    Thirsk 1 July 1841 to death; declared insane by a commission July
    1849. _d._ Thirsk 5 March 1851.

  BELL, REV. JOHN. _b._ Snaith, Yorkshire; ed. at Douay, France;
    ordained priest at Crook hall, co. Durham 23 Dec. 1794; prefect
    general of Douay college Durham and professor of rhetoric and
    poetry 1794–1817, the college was moved from Crook hall to Ushaw
    1808; appointed to mission of Samlesbury near Preston 1817 and to
    Kippax park Yorkshire 1828; author of _The wanderings of the human
    intellect, or a new dictionary of sects_ 1814, _2 ed._ 1838. _d._
    Selby 31 May 1854 aged 87.

  BELL, JOHN. Lived in Abyssinia 1842 to death; general in army of Ras
    Ali the ruler of Abyssinia 1848 who gave him the province of
    Diddim; taken prisoner by Kasai 1853 who deposed Ali and took
    title of Theodorus; minister and general in chief to Theodorus
    1853 to death; killed in a battle fought against Garred at
    Waldabba near the western bank of the Taccazy river 31 Oct. 1860
    after he had himself killed Garred.

  BELL, JOHN. _b._ Newcastle 1782; Bookseller at Newcastle; land
    surveyor at Gateshead; one of founders of Society of antiquaries
    of Newcastle on Tyne, treasurer 6 Feb. 1813; author of _Rhymes of
    northern bards_ 1812; contributed to _Gent. Mag._ _d._ Bentinck
    crescent, Newcastle 30 Oct. 1864.

  BELL, JOHN. _b._ Ireland 1796; went to the United States 1810;
    author of _On baths and mineral waters_ 1831; _Practical
    dictionary of materia medica_ 1841; _On regimen and longevity_
    1842; _Dietetical and medical hydrology_ 1850. _d._ Philadelphia

  BELL, SIR JOHN (_son of David Bell of Bonytoun, Fifeshire_). _b._
    Bonytoun 1 Jany. 1782; ensign 52 Foot 15 Aug. 1805; served in
    Peninsular war; permanent assistant quartermaster general to 10
    Nov. 1814; chief sec. of government at Cape of Good Hope 1828–41;
    aide de camp to the sovereign 6 May 1831 to 23 Nov. 1841; lieut.
    governor of Guernsey 24 Jany. 1848 to 30 June 1854; col. of 95
    Foot 25 June 1850 and of 4 Foot 26 Dec. 1853 to death; general 15
    June 1860; C.B. 4 June 1815, K.C.B. 6 April 1852, G.C.B. 18 May
    1860. _d._ 55 Cadogan place, London 20 Nov. 1876. _I.L.N. lxix_,
    541 (1876), _portrait_.

  BELL, JOHN DAVID (_youngest son of George Joseph Bell, professor of
    law at Univ. of Aberdeen_). _b._ 1823 or 1824; barrister M.T. 12
    May 1848; practised at Calcutta 1850–58; founder and chairman of
    Positive Life Assurance Company 1870; standing counsel to
    government of India at Calcutta 1878 to death. _d._ Calcutta 15
    Aug. 1880 in 57 year.

  BELL, JOHN GRAY (_son of Thomas Bell of Newcastle 1785–1860_). _b._
    Newcastle 21 Sep. 1823; a bookseller in London 1848–54 and in
    Manchester 1854 to death; published a valuable series of _Tracts
    on the topography history and dialects of the counties of Great
    Britain_ 1850; author of _A descriptive and critical catalogue of
    works illustrated by Thomas and John Bell_ 1851; privately printed
    _A genealogical account of the descendants of John of Gaunt_ 1855.
    _d._ Manchester 21 Feb. 1866.

  BELL, JOHN MONTGOMERIE. _b._ Paisley 1804; advocate in Edinburgh
    1825; advocate depute 1847; sheriff of Kincardine 7 May 1851 to
    death; author of _Treatise on law of arbitration in Scotland_
    1861; _The martyr of liberty, a poem_ 1863. _d._ Linnhouse 16 Oct.

  BELL, JONATHAN ANDERSON (_2 son of James Bell, advocate_). _b._
    Glasgow 1809; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; spent some years with Messrs.
    Rickman and Hutcheson of Birmingham, architects; an architect in
    Edinburgh 1838 to death; sec. to Royal Association for the
    promotion of the fine arts in Scotland May 1839 to death; author
    of _Poems_. _Privately printed_ 1865. _d._ Edinburgh 28 Feb. 1865.
    _Poems by J. A. Bell_ (1865) _v-xi_.

  BELL, SIR JOSHUA PETER. _b._ co. Kildare 1826; owner with his father
    and brothers of a splendid station called Jimbour near Dalby,
    Queensland where they became great wool growers; M.P. for Dalby in
    Queensland parliament 1863 to March 1879; colonial treasurer
    1871–74; pres. of legislative council March 1879 to death;
    K.C.M.G. 24 Nov. 1881. _d._ Brisbane 20 Dec. 1881. _Illust.
    sporting and dramatic news xvi_, 405 (1882), _portrait_.

  BELL, LADY MARION (_2 dau. of Charles Shaw of Ayr_). _b._ Edinburgh
    1787. (_m._ 3 June 1811 Sir Charles Bell, F.R.S., celebrated
    physiologist _b._ Nov. 1774 _d._ 28 April 1842). Granted a civil
    list pension of £100 for her husband’s services to science 14 Sep.
    1843; published _The letters of Sir Charles Bell_ 1870. _d._ 47
    Albany st. Regent’s park, London 9 Nov. 1876.

  BELL, MATTHEW. _b._ 18 April 1793; ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox.;
    sheriff of Northumberland 1816; M.P. for Northumberland 1826–31
    and for South Northumberland 1832–52; lieut. col. of
    Northumberland and Newcastle yeomanry cavalry 1826–63. _d._
    Woolsington near Newcastle 28 Oct. 1871.

  BELL, OSWALD HOME. M.R.C.S. Edin. 3 Feb. 1863; professor of medicine
    in Univ. of St. Andrews 1863 to death; dean of the medical
    faculty. _d._ The Scores, St. Andrews 24 June 1875 in 39 year.

  BELL, REV. PATRICK (_son of George Bell of Mid Leoch farm, parish of
    Auchterhouse near Dundee_). _b._ Mid Leoch farm April 1799; ed. at
    Univ. of St. Andrews, LLD. 1867; ordained 1843; minister of
    Carmyllie, Arbroath Dec. 1843 to death; invented a reaping machine
    1826 being 7 or 8 years before the earliest American inventors;
    presented by Highland Society with sum of £1000 1868. _d._ The
    manse of Carmyllie 22 April 1869. _Reg. and mag. of biog. i_, 473
    (1869); _I.L.N. lii_, 225 (1868), _portrait_.

  BELL, ROBERT (_son of Benjamin Bell, surgeon_). _b._ 1782; ed. at
    high school Edinburgh; advocate 1809; sheriff of Berwickshire
    1842–60; procurator to Church of Scotland 1842 to death; member of
    Bannatyne club; made a fine collection of Rembrandt etchings. _d._
    15 Great Stuart st. Edinburgh 27 April 1861. _Crombie’s Modern
    Athenians_ (1882), _portrait_.

  BELL, ROBERT (_youngest son of John Bell of Cork_). _b._ Cork 16
    Jany. 1800; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin where he originated the
    Dublin Historical Society; settled in London 1828; edited the
    _Atlas_ weekly paper many years, the _Monthly Chronicle_ and the
    _Home News_ a monthly journal; author of _History of Russia 3
    vols._ 1838; _Lives of the English poets 2 vols._ 1839; _Wayside
    pictures through France, Belgium and Holland_ 1849, _2 ed._ 1858;
    _Hearts and altars 3 vols._ 1852; _The ladder of gold 3 vols._
    1856; _The annotated edition of the English poets 24 vols._
    1854–57, and of 3 five-act comedies, _Marriage_ 1842; _Mothers and
    daughters_ 1843, _2 ed._ 1845 and _Temper_ 1847. _d._ 14 York st.,
    Portman sq. London 12 April 1867.

  BELL, VENERABLE ROBERT. Ordained 1831; Inc. of Tipperary 1866 to
    death; archdeacon of Cashel 1872 to death; canon of St. Patrick’s
    cathedral, Dublin. _d._ rectory Tipperary 10 Jany. 1883 in 75

  BELL, ROBERT CHARLES. _b._ Edinburgh 1806; Engraved a series of
    Scottish views and a number of vignette portraits, also many
    plates for the Royal Scottish Association; his largest and most
    important work was an engraving of Sir William Allan’s Battle of
    Preston Pans which he completed in 1872; several of his best
    plates appeared in the _Art Journal_ 1850–72. _d._ Edinburgh 5
    Sep. 1872. _Art Journal_ (1872) 284.

  BELL, SIR SYDNEY SMITH (_9 son of Wm. Bell, of London, banker_).
    _b._ 1805; ed. at Univs. of Edin. and Glasgow; barrister I.T. 3
    May 1839; puisne judge at Cape of Good Hope 7 Feb. 1851, and first
    puisne judge May 1858; chief justice of supreme court and pres. of
    legislative council of Cape of Good Hope 16 Dec. 1868 to 1879;
    knighted by patent 9 Oct. 1869; author of _Cases decided in the
    House of Lords on appeal from the courts of Scotland 7 vols._
    1843–52; _Colonial administration of Great Britain_ 1859. _d._ 42
    Kensington park road, London 13 Sep. 1879.

  BELL, THOMAS (_son of Richard Bell of Newcastle_). _b._ Newcastle 16
    Dec. 1785; land valuer and surveyor; an antiquary, assisted the
    local topographical authors in their works especially Rev. John
    Hodgson in his _History of Northumberland 6 vols._ 1827–40; one of
    the founders of Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society and
    of Society of antiquaries of Newcastle 1813. _d._ Newcastle 30
    April 1860.

  BELL, THOMAS (_only son of Thomas Bell of Poole, Dorset, surgeon_).
    _b._ Poole 11 Oct. 1792; studied at Guys and St. Thomas’s
    hospitals; M.R.C.S. 1815, F.R.C.S. 1844, F.L.S. 1815, pres.
    1853–61; dental surgeon to Guy’s hospital 1817–61 where he
    lectured on comparative anatomy; F.R.S. 10 Jany. 1828, junior
    secretary 1848–53; professor of Zoology at King’s college London
    1836 to death; pres. of the Ray Society 1843–59; purchased in 1866
    from the grandnieces of Gilbert White The Wakes, Selborne where he
    lived to his death; author of _Monograph of Testudinata, parts
    1–8, 1832–37, folio_; _History of British quadrupeds_ 1837, _2
    ed._ 1874; _History of British reptiles_ 1839; _History of British
    Stalk-eyed Crustacea_ 1853; edited _White’s Natural history of
    Selborne 2 vols._ 1877. _d._ The Wakes, Selborne 13 March 1880.
    _Nature xxi_, 473, 499 (1880).

  BELL, SIR WILLIAM (_son of Wm. Bell of Ripon, Yorkshire_). _b._
    1788; ed. at Woolwich; 2 lieut. R.A. 23 Nov. 1804; served through
    Peninsular war; colonel R.A. 18 March 1852, colonel commandant 26
    Dec. 1865 to death; general 31 Jany. 1872; K.C.B. 13 March 1867.
    _d._ South lodge, Ripon 28 March 1873.

  BELLAIRS, REV. HENRY (_3 son of Abel Walford Bellairs of Uffington,
    Lincolnshire 1755–1839_). _b._ 29 Aug. 1790; midshipman on board
    H.M.S. Spartiate; wounded twice at Trafalgar; cornet 15 Hussars 25
    Nov. 1808; lieut. 26 May 1809 to 1811; ed. at St. Mary hall Ox.,
    B.A. 1820, M.A. 1823; R. of Bedworth, Warws 1830; V. of
    Hunsingore, Yorkshire 1832 to death; hon. canon of Worcester Sep.
    1853 to death. _d._ Paignton near Torquay 17 April 1872.

  BELLAIRS, SIR WILLIAM (_younger brother of the preceding_). _b._
    Uffington 1793; cornet 15 Hussars 2 May 1811; captain 10 April
    1817 to 10 Feb. 1820 when he sold out; exon of Yeomen of the Guard
    19 Sep. 1837 to Dec. 1848; knighted by the Queen at St. James’s
    Palace 17 May 1848. (_m._ 1822 Cassandra dau. of Edmund Hooke of
    Mulbarton lodge, Norfolk, she _d._ 1876). _d._ London 2 Oct. 1863.

  BELLAMY, GEORGE. _b._ Plymouth 15 Nov. 1773; surgeon’s mate R.N.
    Feb. 1793; surgeon 19 May 1795; surgeon to the Bellerophon 74 guns
    1796–1800; served at battle of the Nile; placed on retired list
    1817; M.R.C.P.; mayor of Plymouth 1811–12. _d._ Plymouth 10 Oct.

  BELLAMY, REV. JAMES WILLIAM (_son of John Bellamy_). _b._ 25 Nov.
    1788; ed. at Merchant Taylors’ school and Queen’s coll. Cam., B.A.
    1811, M.A. 1816; Norrisian and Seatonian prizeman 1815;
    incorporated at St. John’s coll. Ox. 1820, B.D. 1821; head master
    of Merchant Taylors’ school 6 April 1819 to 23 July 1845; V. of
    Sellinge, Kent 1822 to death; preb. of St. Paul’s cathedral 10
    March 1843 to death; F.R.S. 18 Dec. 1834; edited _A concordance to
    the Holy Bible_ 1818. _d._ Sellinge 2 March 1874.

  BELLAMY, JOHN CREMER. _b._ Plymouth 7 Dec. 1812; L.S.A. 1833,
    M.R.C.S. 1834; Curator of Plymouth Institute and Devon and
    Cornwall Nat. Hist. Society; author of _The natural history of
    South Devon_ 1839; _The housekeeper’s guide to the fish market for
    each month of the year_ 1843, _new ed._ 1862; _A thousand facts in
    the histories of Devon and Cornwall_ 1850. _d._ George st.
    Plymouth 12 May 1854.

  BELLAMY, WILLIAM HOARE. _b._ Cork 5 Aug. 1800; made his début at
    Elmsworth 1825 as Sir Simon Rochdale in _John Bull_; went to the
    United States; made his début in New York 1838. (_m._ Mrs. A. W.
    Penson, she was _b._ Scotland and acted in the United States 1838
    to her death May 1857). _d._ Greenpoint, Long Island 15 April

  BELLARS, HENRY JOHN. _b._ Chester; a schoolmaster; sec. and curator
    of Chester Natural History Society; photographic artist in London
    1862 to death; the best facsimilist in England; author of
    _Illustrated catalogue of British land and freshwater shells_
    1858; _The historical numismatic atlas of the Roman emperors_.
    _d._ 12 Bedford court, Covent Garden 22 June 1868 aged 44.

  BELLASIS, EDWARD (_only son of Rev. George Bellasis, V. of Basildon,
    Berkshire who d. 1814_). _b._ Basildon vicarage 14 Oct. 1800; ed.
    at Christ’s Hospital 1808–15; barrister I.T. 2 July 1824; employed
    in parliamentary practice 1836–66, counsel in 342 important cases;
    serjeant at law 10 July 1844; received into Roman Catholic Church
    28 Sep. 1850; trustee with J. R. Hope-Scott Q.C. of Earl of
    Shrewsbury 1853–56; steward of manors of Duke of Norfolk in
    Norfolk and Suffolk 1863; one of the 3 comrs. who reported on
    College of Arms 1870; author of several anonymous pamphlets. _d._
    Hyères, France 24 Jany. 1873. _The Tablet 1 Feb. 1873 p._ 138.

  BELLEW, PATRICK, 1 Baron (_elder son of Sir Edward Bellew, 6 baronet
    who d. 15 March 1827_). _b._ London 29 Jany 1798; succeeded 15
    March 1827; lord lieut. of co. Louth 1832 to death; col. of Louth
    militia 17 Nov. 1843 to death; M.P. for Louth 1831–1832 and
    1834–1837; P.C. Ireland 1838; created a peer of Ireland by title
    of Baron Bellew of Barmeath co. Louth 17 July 1848. _d._ Barmeath
    10 Dec. 1866.

  BELLEW, REV. SIR CHRISTOPHER, 2 Baronet. _b._ 1818; succeeded 26
    June 1855. _d._ at house of the Jesuit Fathers, Gardiner st.
    Dublin 18 March 1867.

  BELLEW, JOHN CHIPPENDALL MONTESQUIEU (_only child of Robert Higgin,
    lieutenant 12 Foot who d. 24 Jany. 1853_). _b._ Lancaster 3 Aug.
    1823; ed. at Lancaster gr. sch. and St. Mary hall Ox.; assumed his
    mother’s name of Bellew Aug. 1844; C. of St. Andrew’s Worcester
    1849; C. of Prescot Lancs. 1850; assistant chaplain in Bengal
    1851; chaplain of St. John’s cathedral Calcutta Dec. 1852 to 1855;
    edited the _Bengal Hurkaru_; assistant minister of St. Philip’s
    Regent’s st. London 1855–57; P.C. of St. Mark’s St. John’s Wood
    1857–62; minister of Bedford chapel Bloomsbury 26 Oct. 1862 to
    1868; one of the most popular preachers in London; received into
    Church of Rome Oct. 1869; executed deed of relinquishment of holy
    orders 13 Aug. 1870; very successful as a public reader in England
    and the United States; author of _Shakespeare’s house at New
    Place_ 1863; _Blount Tempest a novel 3 vols._ 1866; _Poets Corner,
    a manual for students_ 1868. _d._ 16 Circus road, St. John’s Wood
    19 June 1874. _Bentley’s Quarterly Review i_, 476–92 (1859);
    _Traits of character by a contemporary i_, 285–312 (1860);
    _Cartoon portraits_ (1873) 50–51, _portrait_; _Graphic x_, 15
    (1874), _portrait_; _E. Yates’s Recollections ii_, 66–69 (1884).

  BELLEW, SIR MICHAEL DILLON, 1 Baronet (_son of Christopher Dillon
    Bellew of Mount Bellew, co. Galway 1763–1826_). _b._ 29 Sep. 1796;
    created a baronet 15 Aug. 1838. _d._ Greenville lodge, Rathmines
    near Dublin 26 June 1855.

  BELLEW, RICHARD MONTESQUIEU (_younger son of Sir Edward Bellew 6
    baronet who d. 1827_). _b._ 12 Feb. 1803; M.P. for co. Louth 21
    Dec. 1832 to 1 July 1852 and 16 May 1859 to 6 July 1865; a lord of
    the treasury 6 Aug. 1847 to 1852; member of Local government
    board, Ireland. _d._ Dublin 8 Jany. 1880.

  BELLEW, THOMAS ARTHUR GRATTAN. _b._ 1824; M.P. for co. Galway 26
    July 1852 to 21 March 1857; assumed additional surname of Grattan
    by r.l. 19 March 1859. _d._ Mount Bellew, Duleek, co. Galway 24
    July 1863.

  BELLHOUSE, EDWARD TAYLOR (_eld. son of David Bellhouse of
    Manchester_). _b._ Manchester 10 Oct. 1816; started firm of E. T.
    Bellhouse and Co., engineers, Eagle foundry, Hunt st. Manchester 1
    July 1842; erected the Gas works for Buenos Ayres, Pernambuco and
    Athens; erected many large bridges for various railways and many
    iron buildings; pres. of Manchester Mechanics’ Institute; M.I.M.E.
    1857. _d._ Southport 13 Oct. 1881. _Proc. of Instit. of M.E._
    (1882) 1–2.

  BELLINGHAM, O’BRYEN (_3 son of Sir Alan Bellingham, 2 baronet
    1776–1827_). _b._ 12 Dec. 1805; ed. at Feinagle’s school; M.D.
    Univ. of Edin. and L.R.C.S. Edin. 1830; professor of botany, Royal
    college of surgeons Ireland to 1850, a surgical examiner 1850,
    chairman of the court 1856; sec. of Surgical society of Ireland to
    death; surgeon to St. Vincent’s hospital 1835 to death; author of
    _Observations on aneurism and its treatment by compression_ 1847;
    _Treatise on diseases of the heart_ 1857. _d._ The Castle, Castle
    Bellingham, co. Louth 11 Oct. 1857. _Dublin Journal of medical
    science lxiv_, 469–75 (1877).

  BELLOC, ANNE LOUISE (_dau. of Colonel James Swanton, commandant of
    Rocroi, France who was b. Ireland_). _b._ La Rochelle 1 Oct. 1796;
    assisted Lafayette in establishing public libraries; founded a
    choice circulating library; translated many English books into
    French. (_m._ 1823 Jean Hilaire Belloc, Director of Royal School
    of Design, Paris who _d._ 1866). _d._ Paris 6 Nov. 1881. _S. J.
    Hale’s Woman’s record, 2 ed._ 1855 _p._ 583, _portrait_.

  BELLOT, JOSEPH RENÉ. _b._ Paris 18 March 1826: served in French navy
    1843–50; went as a volunteer with captain Kennedy in the Prince
    Albert in search of Sir John Franklin 1851–52; sailed in the
    Phœnix for the Arctic regions 10 May 1853; left the ship to carry
    dispatches to Sir Edward Belcher 12 Aug. 1853; author of _Journal
    d’un voyage aux Mers Polaires_ 1854; fell into a crack in the ice
    near Cape Bowden and drowned 18 Aug. 1853; an obelisk was erected
    to his memory by public subscription in front of Greenwich
    hospital 1857. _Memoirs of J. R. Bellot 2 vols._ 1855, _portrait_.

  BELLOT, THOMAS (_elder son of Thomas Bellot of Manchester,
    surgeon_). _b._ Manchester 16 March 1806; ed. at Manchester gr.
    sch.; pupil of Joseph Jordan, surgeon; M.R.C.S. 15 Feb. 1828,
    F.R.C.S. 6 Aug. 1844; assistant surgeon H.M. sloop Harrier 1831;
    surgeon R.N. 1835; surgeon H.M. flag ship Britannia Nov. 1854;
    author of translations of the _Aphorisms of Hippocrates and of
    Galen On the hand_ 1850; _Sanskrit derivation of English words_
    1856; arranged two collections of Chinese coins, one of which he
    presented to the Natural history society of Manchester; collected
    many ancient Chinese bronzes and a library of Chinese works. _d._
    37 Greek st. Stockport 25 June 1857. _Manchester school register
    iii_, 118 (1874); _Medical directory_ (1858) 849–50.

  BELMORE, GEORGE, stage name of George Belmore Garstin. Made his
    début in London at Marylebone theatre 26 Dec. 1856 as Bokes in
    _The Creole_; acted at Princess’s and Drury Lane theatres; played
    Nat Gosling in Boucicault’s drama _Flying Scud_ at Holborn theatre
    more than 200 nights from 6 Oct. 1866; acted in the provinces and
    at Adelphi theatre where he played Newman Noggs in _Nicholas
    Nickleby_ 20 March 1875 to July 1875; acted in New York Aug. to
    Oct. 1875. (_m._ 16 April 1862 Alice Maude dau. of Wm. Cooke
    proprietor of Astley’s Amphitheatre). _d._ New York 15 Nov. 1875
    aged 47. _Entr’acte 27 Nov. 1875, portrait._

  BELOE, CHARLES (_2 son of Rev. Wm. Beloe 1756–1817, Prebendary of
    St. Paul’s_). A clerk in the London Twopenny post office; sec. to
    the Alfred club. _d._ Reading 23 Oct. 1855 aged 69.

  BELPER, EDWARD STRUTT, 1 Baron (_only son of Wm. Strutt of St.
    Helen’s house Derby, manufacturer 1756–1830_). _b._ Derby 26 Oct.
    1801; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.; B.A. 1823, M.A. 1826, L.L.D. 1862;
    M.P. for Derby 1830–1848 when unseated for bribery; M.P. for
    Arundel 1851–1852 and for Nottingham 1852–1856; chief comr. of
    railways 29 Aug. 1846 to March 1848; P.C. 30 Oct. 1846; sheriff of
    Notts. 1850; chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster 30 Dec. 1852 to 21
    June 1854; chairman of Notts. quarter sessions 1855; created Baron
    Belper of Belper, county Derby 29 Aug. 1856; lord lieutenant of
    Notts. 6 Dec. 1864; pres. of Univ. coll. London 29 July 1871. _d._
    75 Eaton square, London 30 June 1880.

  BELSHES, JOHN MURRAY. Captain 59 Foot 4 Sep 1812 to 25 May 1816 when
    placed on h.p.; L.G. 12 Nov. 1862. _d._ Inverary 12 Jany. 1863.
    _P.R. Drummond’s Perthshire in bygone days_ (1879) 81–85.

  BELSON, GEORGE JOHN. Second lieutenant R.A. 29 Sep. 1804; lieut.
    col. 23 Nov. 1841 to 7 April 1842 when he retired on full pay;
    L.G. 27 Feb. 1866. _d._ Woolwich 22 April 1868 aged 80.

  BELT, THOMAS (_son of Mr. Belt of Newcastle, seedsman_). _b._
    Newcastle 1832; member of Natural history society of
    Northumberland June 1850; went to Australia 1852; a mining
    engineer in London 1860; travelled all over Asia and America;
    superintendent of Nova Scotian gold company’s mines in Nova Scotia
    1863–65; examined the quartz rocks of North Wales; superintendent
    of the Chontales Gold mining company in Nicaragua 1868–72;
    travelled in Russia 1873–76; F.G.S.; author of _Mineral veins, an
    enquiry into their origin_ 1861; _The naturalist in Nicaragua_
    1874; _The glacial period in North America_. _d._ Denver, Colorado
    21 Sep. 1878 in 46 year. _Natural history transactions of
    Northumberland vii_, 235–40 (1880).

  BELZONI, SARAH. Remarkable for her size and strength; married in
    London about 1804 Giovanni Baptista Belzoni, acrobat, engineer and
    traveller who was _b._ Padua 1778 and _d._ at Gato, Benin, Africa
    3 Dec. 1823; performed feats of strength with her husband in the
    streets, at fairs and at Astley’s Amphitheatre; travelled in Egypt
    with him 1815–19; granted civil list pension of £100 6 Feb. 1851;
    author of _Account of the women of Egypt, Nubia and Syria_. _d._
    Belozanne valley, Jersey 12 Jany. 1870 aged 87.

  BENBEY, SADI OMBARK. Came to England with Mungo Park whom he taught
    Arabic language. _d._ 11 Feb. 1854 aged more than 80.

  BENBOW, JOHN. Solicitor in London; M.P. for Dudley 8 Aug. 1844 to
    death. _d._ Hastings 24 Feb. 1855 aged 86.

  BENDIGO, cognomen of WILLIAM THOMPSON (_son of Mr. Thompson of
    Nottingham, cabinet maker_). _b._ Nottingham 11 Oct. 1811, being
    one of 3 children at a birth; fought and beat Ben. Caunt 1 July
    1835; beat Brassey (John Leechman) 24 May 1836; beat young Langan
    24 Jany. 1837; beat Looney 13 June 1837; beaten by Ben. Caunt 3
    April 1838; beat Deaf Burke at Heather, Leicestershire 12 Feb.
    1839 in presence of 15000 persons; presented with a “Champion’s
    belt” by James Ward at Queen’s theatre, Liverpool; beat Ben. Caunt
    near Sutfield Green Oxon, 9 Sep. 1845 when they fought for £200 a
    side and the championship; fought Tom Paddock for £200 a side at
    Mildenhall 5 June 1850 when he won again; a preacher and leader of
    revivalist services at the Cabmen’s Mission hall, King’s Cross,
    London. _d._ Beeston, Notts. 23 Aug. 1880. _H. D. Miles’s
    Pugilistica iii_, 1–46 (1880), _portrait_; _J. Greenwoods Low life
    deeps_ (1876) 86–94, _portrait_; _Rev. C. M. Davies’s Unorthodox
    London 2 series_ 156–64.

      NOTE.—His curious name Bendigo was a contraction of Abednego,
      his first challenge in Bell’s Life in London in 1835 is signed
      Abednego of Nottingham; the town of Bendigo in Victoria,
      Australia (since called Sandhurst) was named after him.

  BENEDICT, SIR JULIUS (_2 son of M. Benedict of Stuttgart, banker_).
    _b._ Stuttgart 27 Nov. or 24 Dec. 1804; pupil of Hummel at Weimar
    and of Weber at Dresden; conductor at the Kärnthnerthor theatre
    Vienna 1823–25 and at the San Carlo and Fondo theatres Naples
    1825–35; went to London 1835; conducted a series of Italian comic
    operas at Lyceum theatre 1836; conductor of English opera at Drury
    Lane 1838, where he produced _The gipsy’s warning_ 19 April 1838;
    _The brides of Venice_ 22 April 1844, and _The Crusaders_ 1846;
    travelled with Jenny Lind in the United States and Havannah and
    directed all her 122 concerts 1850–52; formed a choral society
    called The vocal association; conductor of Italian opera at Drury
    Lane and Her Majesty’s theatres 1859–60; conducted the Norwich
    Musical Festivals 1845–78 where he produced _Undine_ 1860,
    _Richard Cœur de Lion_ 1863 and _St. Cecilia_ 1866; conducted the
    Monday Popular Concerts; his best known opera _The Lily of
    Killarney_ was produced at Covent Garden 8 Feb. 1862; conductor of
    Liverpool Philharmonic society 9 April 1867 to Feb. 1879; wrote
    for Birmingham musical festivals _St. Peter_ 1870 and _Graziella_
    1873; knighted at Windsor Castle 24 March 1871. _d._ 2 Manchester
    sq. London 5 June 1885. _I.L.N. lviii_, 377 (1871), _portrait,
    lxvi_, 494 (1875), _portrait_; _Scribner’s Monthly xiii_, 480–84
    (1877); _Graphic xxix_, 184 (1884), _portrait_.

  BENETT, JOHN (_2 son of Thomas Benett of Pyt house Tisbury, Wilts.
    who d. 16 May 1797 aged 68_). _b._ 20 May 1773; sheriff of Wilts.
    1798; M.P. for Wilts. 19 July 1819 to 3 Dec. 1832 and for South
    Wilts. 17 Dec. 1832 to 1 July 1852; author of some essays on
    agricultural subjects. _d._ Pyt house 1 Oct. 1852. _G.M. xxxviii_,
    636–37 (1852).

  BENHAM, JAMES ERLE. Ed. at St. Mary hall Ox.; student Middle Temple
    20 Nov. 1875; author of _The student’s guide to the preliminary
    examination for attorneys and solicitors_ 1868; edited _The
    preliminary examination Journal_ 1871. _d._ Abercorn house,
    Baron’s court, Kensington, London 11 July 1885 aged 34.

  BENHAM, WILLIAM. Author of _English ballads for school reading_
    1862; _St. Matthew, authorised version_ 1862; _Epistles for the
    Christian year, with notes_ 1864; _Companion to the Lectionary_
    1873. _d._ 14 Arley hill, Bristol 16 Sep. 1885 aged 69.

  BENIOWSKI, BARTHOLOMEW. Educ. at Ecole d’etat major of Paris
    1832–33; major in Polish army; attempted to revolutionise art of
    printing by use of short words cast into one such as, and, but,
    the; teacher of memory at the Royal Adelaide gallery, Strand,
    London 1842; took out patents for machinery for printing and
    composing type 1846, 47 and 49; author of _Phrenotypics_ 1842; _A
    French vocabulary_ 1843; _The Anti-absurd or phrenotypic alphabet
    and orthography_ 1844. _d._ 8 Bow st. Covent Garden 29 March 1867
    aged 66.

  BENISCH, ABRAHAM. _b._ Drosan, Bohemia 1811; ed. at Univ. of Vienna;
    settled in England 1841; edited the _Jewish Chronicle_ 1854 to
    death; one of chief founders of Society of Hebrew Literature 1870,
    and of the Anglo Jewish Association 1871; author of _A translation
    of the Old Testament_ 1851; _An essay on Colenso’s criticism of
    the Pentateuch and Joshua_ 1863; _Judaism surveyed_ 1874. _d._ 13
    Brownswood park, Green Lanes, London 31 July 1878.

  BENJAMIN, GEORGE. _b._ Sussex 15 April 1799; went to Canada; founded
    the _Intelligencer_ at Belleville 1834, edited it to 1848; member
    of legislative assembly Canada 1856–61; grand master of the
    Orangemen of British North America 1848; author of _Short lessons
    for members of Parliament compiled from English and other
    publications_ 1862. _d._ Belleville 6 July or 7 Sep. 1864.

  BENJAMIN, JUDAH PHILIP. _b._ St. Croix, West Indies 1811; ed. at
    Yale college, Connecticut 1825–28; called to the bar in New
    Orleans 16 Dec. 1832; member of firm of Slidell, Benjamin and
    Conrad 1840; counsellor of the supreme court New Orleans Dec.
    1848; practised chiefly in Washington; a senator for Louisiana to
    the Senate 1852 to 4 Feb. 1861 when he withdrew, expelled the
    Senate 14 March 1861; attorney general of the Southern Confederacy
    Feb. 1861; acting secretary of war Aug. 1861 to Feb. 1862; sec. of
    state Feb. 1862 to April 1865 when the members of the cabinet left
    Richmond; a student L.I. 13 Jany. 1866, called to bar at L.I. 6
    June 1866, bencher 15 April 1875; Q.C. for county palatine of
    Lancaster July 1869; Q.C. with patent of precedence 29 July 1872;
    made £15,000 a year for several years; entertained on his
    retirement, at a banquet in hall of Inner Temple 30 June 1883;
    author of _Digest of decisions of supreme court of New Orleans_
    1834; _Treatise of the law of sale of personal property_ 1868, _3
    ed._ 1883. _d._ Avenue de Jena, Paris 6 May 1884. _J. Davis’s Rise
    and Fall of the Confederate government i_, 242 (1881), _portrait_;
    _Law Journal_ (1883) 100–103; _I.L.N. lxxx_ 465 (1884),
    _portrait_; _Graphic xxix_, 484 (1884), _portrait_.

  BENN, ANTHONY. _b._ 1814; 2 lieut. R.A. 20 Dec. 1832; col. 27 June
    1864 to 6 March 1868; M.G. 6 March 1868. _d._ Plumstead 22 Dec.

  BENN, EDWARD (_son of John Benn of Belfast, brewer 1767–1853_). _b._
    1798; purchased with his brother George, an estate at Glenravel
    near Ballymena where they tried to create a new industry by
    manufacture of potato spirit; formed a fine archæological
    collection now in the Belfast Museum; contributed papers to Irish
    antiquarian journals; founded 3 hospitals in Belfast, the Eye Ear
    and Throat, the Samaritan and the Skin Diseases. _d._ 1874.

  BENN, GEORGE (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Tanderagee co.
    Armagh 1 Jany. 1801; entered Belfast Academical institution 1816;
    took gold medals in logic 1817 and moral philosophy 1818; author
    of _The history of the town of Belfast_ [_anon._] 1823; _A history
    of the town of Belfast 2 vols._ 1877–80. _d._ 8 Jany. 1882.

  BENN, PIERCY. _b._ 1800; 2 lieut. R.A. 3 Feb. 1821; col. 7 June 1856
    to 16 July 1862; M.G. 16 July 1862. _d._ Farringdon, Hants. 17
    June 1876.

  BENNETT, CHARLES FOX, formerly of Clifton, Bristol; late premier of
    Newfoundland. _d._ St. John’s, Newfoundland 5 Dec. 1883.

  BENNETT, CHARLES HENRY. Draughtsman on wood; contributed sketches
    signed in the corner with the figure of an owl to _Diogenes_ comic
    weekly paper 1853 and portraits of members of Parliament to
    _Illustrated Times_; contributed sketches to _Fun_ down to 1866
    and to _Punch_ 1866 to death; published _Fables of Æsop and others
    translated into human nature_ 1858; _Proverbs with pictures_ 1858;
    _London people sketched from life_ 1863; _Adventures of Young
    Munchausen_ 1864. _d._ Caversham road, Kentish Town 2 April 1867
    in 38 year. _Punch 13 April 1867 p._ 151.

  BENNETT, GEORGE (_2 son of John Bennett, Judge of Irish court of
    King’s Bench who d. 25 Dec. 1791_). _b._ Cork 20 Sep. 1777; called
    to Irish bar 1800; went Munster circuit; K.C. 18 Feb. 1822; crown
    prosecutor for Munster circuit Feb. 1832; bencher of King’s Inns
    Dublin 1836, retired about 1849. _d._ Sodylt hall, Shropshire 26
    May 1856. _Dublin univ. mag. xxxiv_, 526–32 (1849), _portrait_.

  BENNETT, GEORGE JOHN (_son of George Bennett of Norwich, comedian_).
    _b._ Ripon 9 March 1800; served in the navy 1813–17; first
    appeared on the stage at Lynn 1818, and in London at Covent Garden
    27 Jany. 1823 as Richard iii; acted at Covent Garden 1830–38, at
    Drury Lane 1841–43 and at Sadler’s Wells 27 May 1844 to 15 March
    1862 when he left the stage, his best parts were Bossola in the
    _Duchess of Malfi_, and Caliban in _The Tempest_; author of a five
    act play called _Retribution or love’s trials_ produced at Sadlers
    Wells 11 Feb. 1850, and of a drama called _The Justice_ produced
    at Birmingham. _d._ Edmonton 21 Sep. 1879. _Theatrical times i_,
    241 (1847), _portrait_; _Tallis’s Drawing room table book, parts
    8, 10, 17 and 21_, _4 portraits_; _The Players iv_, 17 (1861),

  BENNETT, JAMES. _b._ Falfield, Thornbury, Gloucs. 10 May 1785;
    apprenticed to George Robbins of Bath, printer; printer and
    bookseller in Tewkesbury 1810–52; published _History of
    Tewkesbury_ 1830; _Tewkesbury Register and Magazine_ 1830–49. _d._
    Tewkesbury 29 Jany. 1856.

  BENNETT, REV. JAMES. _b._ London 22 May 1774; preached his first
    sermon 24 Dec. 1792; Congregational minister at Romsey Feb. 1796;
    ordained 5 April 1797; theological tutor and pastor at Rotherham
    22 Aug. 1813; pastor of Silver st. church, London Nov. 1828, and
    of Falcon sq. church, London 1843 to Nov. 1860; one of foreign
    secs. to London Missionary society May 1830 to 1832; chairman of
    Congregational Board 1840; author of _Lectures on preaching of
    Christ_ 1836; _Lectures on Acts of the Apostles_ 1846; author with
    Rev. David Bogue of _History of dissenters from the Revolution in
    1688 to the year 1808 4 vols._ 1808, _2 ed. 3 vols._ 1833; wrote
    much in the _Eclectic Review_ and _Evangelical Mag._ _d._ 49
    Gibson sq. Islington 4 Dec. 1862. _Memorials of the late Rev.
    James Bennett_ 1863.

  BENNETT, JAMES. Member of company of T.R. Birmingham many years;
    made his début in London at Lyceum theatre 18 March 1859 as Iago
    in _Othello_; acted in the provinces. _d._ London 9 March 1885.
    _Tallis’s Drawing room table book_ (1851) 41, _portrait_.

  BENNETT, JAMES GORDON. _b._ New Mill, Keith, Banffshire 1 Sep. 1800;
    went to Halifax, Nova Scotia 1819; a printer’s reader,
    bookseller’s clerk and assistant in a newspaper office at Boston;
    went to New York about 1822; started the _New York Globe_ Oct.
    1832 a two cent paper which lived only 30 days; partner with
    Messrs. Anderson and Smith of New York, printers 1835; founded the
    _New York Herald_ a one cent daily paper 6 May 1835 all of which
    he wrote; in 1841 the circulation was 20,000 and the receipts
    100,000 dollars, during the civil war its circulation doubled;
    sent Henry M. Stanley to Central Africa in search of Dr.
    Livingstone at cost of £10,000 in 1871. (_m._ 6 June 1840
    Henrietta Agnes Crean, she _d._ 31 March 1873). _d._ New York 1
    June 1872. _Memoir of J. G. Bennett by a Journalist_ 1855,
    _portrait_; _F. Hudson’s Journalism in the United States_ 1873;
    _J. Parton’s Famous Americans of recent times_ (1867) 259–305;
    _Democratic Review xxxi_, 409–19 1853, _portrait_; _C. F.
    Wingate’s Views and interviews_ (1875) 275–86; _Graphic v_, 600,
    611 (1872), _portrait_.

  BENNETT, JOHN HUGHES. _b._ London 31 Aug. 1812; ed. at Exeter gr.
    sch. and Univ. of Edin., M.D. 1837, LLD. Aug. 1875; founded in
    Paris the Parisian Medical Society 1837, pres. 1837; pathologist
    to Royal infirmary Edin. 1843; discovered a remarkable disease of
    the blood which he called Leucocythemia or white cell blood 1845;
    editor of _Edinburgh Monthly Journal of medical science_ 1846;
    professor of Institutes of medicine in Univ. of Edin. July 1848 to
    July 1874; F.R.S. Edin. 1842, F.R.C.P. Edin. 1842; author of _An
    introduction to clinical medicine_ 1849, _4 ed._ 1862; _The
    pathology and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis_ 1853, _2 ed._
    1859; _Clinical lectures on principles and practice of medicine_
    1852, _5 ed._ 1868 which was translated into French, Russian and
    Hindoo. _d._ The Wilderness, Bracondale, Norwich 25 Sep. 1875.
    _bur._ Dean cemetery Edin. 30 Sep. _Edinburgh Medical Journal
    xxi_, 466–74 (1875); _British Medical Journal ii_, 473–78 (1875).

  BENNETT, JOHN JOSEPH. _b._ Tottenham 8 Jany. 1801; ed. at Enfield
    and at Middlesex hospital; assistant keeper of the Banksian
    herbarium and library British Museum Nov. 1827, keeper 1828–70;
    F.L.S. 1828, sec. 1840–60; F.R.S. 16 Dec. 1841; wrote part of T.
    Horsfield’s _Plantæ Javanicæ Rariores_ 1852–53. _d._ Maresfield,
    Sussex 29 Feb. 1876; bust by Weekes in botanical department
    British Museum. _Journal of botany British and Foreign v_, 97–105
    (1876), _portrait_.

  BENNETT, SAMUEL. _b._ Cornwall 20 March 1815; went to Sydney 1841;
    superintendent of a printing office there 1842–59; purchased with
    Wm. Hanson the _Empire_ newspaper 1859, conducted it as a daily
    and weekly paper; started the _Evening News_ 29 July 1867, the
    _Australian town and country journal_ 8 Jany. 1870; author of _The
    history of Australian discovery and colonisation_ 1867. _d._
    Mundarrah towers, Little Coogee, Sydney 2 June 1878.

  BENNETT, SAMUEL JAMES. Founder of the Mercantile Association;
    founded the _Commercial Gazette_ weekly paper 1853. _d._ The Firs,
    Staplecross, Sussex 23 May 1881.

  BENNETT, THOMAS. _b._ Hereford 22 Feb. 1785; captain R.N. 16 Sep.
    1828; commodore on North America and West India station 7 Feb.
    1848 to 29 April 1851; granted a service pension 2 Nov. 1863;
    admiral on h.p. 12 Sep. 1865; mayor of Hereford 1842. _d._ Broomy
    hill, Hereford 12 June 1870.

  BENNETT, THOMAS RANDLE (_youngest son of John Bennett of Manchester,
    timber merchant_). _b._ Manchester 1821; ed. at the gr. sch. and
    Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1843, M.A. 1846, special pleader 1848; barrister
    I.T. 17 Nov. 1855; lectured on law and history at London Working
    men’s college Bloomsbury; an original member of English Church
    Union 1859, one of its central council; examiner to the Inns of
    Court 1877–78; author of _A popular manual of the constitutional
    history of England_ 1862 and of several political pamphlets. _d._
    Shrewbridge hall, Nantwich 23 Feb. 1885. _Law Times lxxviii_, 343

  BENNETT, WILLIAM. _b._ Newmarket; enlisted into Cambridge militia 10
    Oct. 1797 aged 20; enlisted into 46 Foot 18 March 1799, and into
    32 Foot 15 June 1803, discharged 18 Aug. 1814; assisted at burial
    of Sir John Moore Jany. 1809. _d._ Inchicore, Ireland 23 Jany.
    1872 aged 95, but generally reputed to be 105. _W. J. Thoms’s
    Human longevity_ (1873) 235–36.

  BENNETT, WILLIAM. _b._ 1798; made his début in London at Haymarket
    theatre as Jack Junk in _The birthday_ 15 May 1812; member of
    English opera company; played old men at Drury Lane about 1829;
    secretary to Drury Lane theatrical fund. _d._ Bellevue cottage,
    Walthamstow 8 Aug. 1875. _The Oddfellow i_, 77 (1839), _portrait_.

  BENNETT, WILLIAM. _b._ 1796; solicitor at Chapel en le Frith,
    Derbyshire 1819 to death; clerk to county magistrates 1834 to
    death; author under pseudonym of Lee Gibbons of _The Cavalier 3
    vols._ 1821; _Malpas 3 vols._ 1822; _The King of the Peak 3 vols._
    1823; _Owain Goch a tale of the Revolution 3 vols._ 1827; these
    books are also attributed to Thomas Roscoe jun.; contributed to
    the _Reliquary_ many papers on archæology of Derbyshire 1862–72.
    _d._ Chapel en le Frith 20 April 1879.

  BENNETT, WILLIAM MINEARD. _b._ Exeter 1778; pupil of Sir Thomas
    Lawrence; a painter of portraits and miniatures; exhibited at the
    R.A. 1812–16 and 1834–35; lived many years in Paris; lived at
    Exeter 1844 to death; composed many glees and songs which were
    popular in Paris and Naples. _d._ Hill’s buildings, St. Sidwell’s,
    Exeter 17 Oct. 1858.

  BENNETT, SIR WILLIAM STERNDALE (_youngest child of Robert Bennett of
    Sheffield, organist of the parish church who d. 3 Nov. 1819_).
    _b._ 8 Norfolk Row, Sheffield 13 April 1816; ed. at Royal Academy
    of Music, London 1826–36, and at Leipsic 1836–37; member of Royal
    Society of Musicians 1838; taught music in London; founded the
    Bach Society 1849; professor of music at Univ. of Cam. 4 March
    1856; Mus. Doc. Cam. 1856, M.A. 1867; D.C.L. Ox. 1870; a life
    member of St. John’s coll. Cam. 26 Sep. 1856; conductor of
    Philharmonic Society concerts 1856–68, Beethoven gold medallist 7
    July 1867; principal of Royal Academy of Music 22 June 1866 to
    death; knighted at Windsor Castle 24 March 1871; composed _The
    Naiads_, overture produced at Society of British Musicians 25
    Jany. 1837; _The wood nymphs_, overture produced at the Gewandhaus
    concerts Leipzig 24 Jany. 1839; _The May Queen_, pastoral produced
    at Leeds musical festival 8 Sep. 1858; _The woman of Samaria_,
    oratorio produced at Birmingham musical festival 27 Aug. 1867.
    (_m._ 9 April 1844 Mary Anne only dau. of James Wood, commander
    R.N., she _d._ 17 Oct. 1862 aged 37.) _d._ 66 St. John’s Wood road
    London 1 Feb. 1875. _bur._ north aisle of choir Westminster Abbey
    6 Feb. _Grove’s Dictionary of music i_, 224–29 (1879); _W. A.
    Barrett’s English Church composers_ (1882) 163–65; _Academy vii_,
    154, 179, 388, 466 (1875); _I.L.N. xl_, 551 (1862), _portrait,
    lxvi_, 152, 326 (1875), _portrait_.

  BENNIS, GEORGE GEARY. _b._ Corkamore, Limerick 1790 or 1793; a
    grocer at Limerick; settled at Liverpool where he became a Quaker;
    went to Paris 1823; director of a libraire des étrangers in Paris
    1830–36; an insurance agent and librarian to the British embassy,
    Paris; edited _Galignani’s Messenger_; chevalier of the Légion
    d’honneur 1854; author of _The principles of the one faith
    professed by all Christians, Liverpool_ 1816, _3 ed. Paris_ 1826;
    _Traveller’s pocket diary and Student’s journal_; _Treatise on
    life assurance_. _d._ Paris 1 Jany. 1866, left over 10,000 volumes
    to found a free library at Limerick. _J. Smith’s A descriptive
    catalogue of Friends books i_, 246 (1867).

  BENSON, CHARLES. Ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin, scholar 1818, B.A. 1819,
    M.A. and M.B. 1822, M.D. 1840; L.R.C.S. Ireland 1821, F.R.C.S.
    1825, pres. 1854; professor of practice of medicine in school
    attached to the college; M.R.I.A. 30 Nov. 1825; physician to City
    of Dublin hospital; contributed 4 articles to _Todd’s Cyclopædia
    of anatomy_ and a course of lectures on the Diseases of the
    digestive organs to _Dublin Medical Press_ 1840–42. _d._ 42
    Fitzwilliam sq. Dublin 21 Jany. 1880 in 83 year.

  BENSON, REV. CHRISTOPHER (_son of Thomas Benson of Cockermouth,
    solicitor_). _b._ Cockermouth 1788; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.,
    scholar, B.A. 1809, M.A. 1815; select preacher 1817; Hulsean
    lecturer (the first) 1820–22; fellow of Magd. coll. Cam. 1820;
    preb. of Worcester cathedral 27 Dec. 1825 to death; R. of St.
    Giles’s-in-the-Fields, London 1824–26; V. of Cropthorne, Worcs.
    1826–40; master of the Temple London 1827–45; author of
    _Discourses on powers of the clergy_ 1841; _Baptism and baptismal
    regeneration_ 1843. _d._ Woodfield, Ross, Hereford 25 March 1868.
    _The living and the dead by a country curate_ (_Rev. E. Neale_)
    1827 _pp._ 81–98; _E. M. Roose’s Ecclesiastica_ (1842) 413–15.

  BENSON, SIR JOHN (_only son of John Benson of Collooney, co.
    Sligo_). _b._ Collooney 1812; architect and civil engineer; county
    surveyor to east riding of co. Cork 8 April 1846; surveyor of city
    of Cork 29 Jany. 1851; architect and builder of Dublin exhibition
    12 Aug. 1852 which was opened 12 May 1853, knighted by Earl of St.
    Germans at the opening; engineer of Cork waterworks which cost
    £80,000; built 48 bridges in co. Cork; M.I.C.E. 4 March 1862. _d._
    15 Alexander sq. Brompton London 17 Oct. 1874. _Min. of Proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. xl_, 251–53 (1875).

  BENSON, RICHARD. Entered Bengal army 1805; colonel 11 Bengal N.I. 16
    July 1849 to death; C.B. 3 April 1846; M.G. 28 Nov. 1854. _d._ at
    his residence on lake of Buttermere, Cumberland 26 Aug. 1858.

  BENSON, REV. SAMUEL. Ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.; B.A. 1823, M.A.
    1826; lecturer at St. John’s Horsleydown 1823–33; chaplain of
    Horsemonger lane gaol 1833–43; V. of St. Saviour’s Southwark 1868
    to death; author of several sermons and tracts. _d._ 34 Borough
    high st. London 22 Feb. 1881 aged 82. _I.L.N. xxiv_, 401 (1851),

  BENT, JEFFERY HART (_eld. son of Robert Bent of Lancashire_). Ed. at
    Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1804, M.A. 1807; barrister M.T. 7 Feb.
    1806; chief justice of New South Wales 1814, of Grenada 1820 to
    1833, of St. Lucia 1833 to 1836 and of British Guiana 1836 to
    death. _d._ George Town Demerara 29 June 1852 aged 72. _I.L.N.
    xxi_, 155 (1852).

  BENT, SIR JOHN (_eld. son of Wm. Bent of Stoneyfield near Newcastle
    under Lyne_). _b._ Newcastle under Lyne 1793; ed. at Newcastle gr.
    sch.; a large brewer at Liverpool; alderman of Liverpool, mayor
    1850–51; knighted by the Queen at Liverpool 9 Oct. 1851. _d._ Edge
    hill near Liverpool 13 Aug. 1857.

  BENT, JOHN. Assistant surgeon in the army 11 Sep. 1838; served in
    the Crimea 30 April 1855 to end of the war; deputy surgeon general
    28 Jany. 1862; surgeon general 11 July 1874 to death. _d._ The
    Camp Aldershot 23 Nov. 1874 aged 57.

  BENT, ROBERT (_son of Wm. Bent who founded Bent’s Literary
    Advertiser 1802_). Edited _The London Catalogue of books_ 1839.
    _d._ 6 Dec. 1859.

  BENTHAM, GEORGE. _b._ June 1787; entered navy 1795; captain 16 Sep.
    1816; retired V.A. 9 July 1857; knight of Sardinian order of St.
    Maurice and St. Lazare. _d._ Barton fields, Canterbury 24 Feb.

  BENTHAM, GEORGE (_2 son of Sir Samuel Bentham, naval architect
    1757–1831_). _b._ Stoke near Plymouth 22 Sep. 1800; lived in
    France 1814–26; managed his father’s estate of 2000 acres near
    Montpellier; student at Lincoln’s Inn; worked for his uncle Jeremy
    Bentham 1826–32; F.L.S. 1828, vice pres. 1858, pres. 1861–74; hon.
    sec. of Horticultural Society 1829–40 which he raised to a
    flourishing condition; presented his collections and books valued
    at £6,000 to Kew Gardens 1854; F.R.S. 5 June 1862, royal medallist
    1859; LLD. Cambridge 4 June 1874; C.M.G. 1878; author of _Outlines
    of a new system of logic_ 1827 which set forth for the first time
    doctrine of quantification of the predicate, the most fruitful
    discovery in abstract logical science since Aristotle; _Handbook
    of the British flora_ 1858, _2 vols._ 1865; _Flora Hong-Kongensis_
    1861; _Flora Australiensis 7 vols._ 1863–78; author with Sir
    Joseph Hooker of _Genera Plantarum_, _6 parts in 3 vols._ 1862–83
    which marks an epoch in botany. _d._ 25 Wilton place, London 10
    Sep. 1884. _Nature xxx_, 539–43 (1884); _G. C. Wallich’s Eminent
    men of the day_ (1870), _portrait_.

  BENTINCK, ADOLPHE BARON VON. Secretary of legation for the
    Netherlands at Copenhagen, Stockholm, Berlin and Vienna
    successively; councillor of the legation in London 7 years; envoy
    extraord. and minister plenipo. in London 25 Aug. 1851 to death.
    _d._ 26 Eaton sq. London 2 March 1868 aged 70.

  BENTINCK, ARTHUR CAVENDISH. _b._ 9 May 1819; ensign 84 Foot 2 Nov.
    1838; lieut. col. 7 Dragoon guards 8 Dec. 1854 and 4 Dragoon
    guards 30 Aug. 1859 to 30 May 1862 when placed on h.p.; L.G. 1
    Oct. 1877. _d._ Thomas’s hotel, 25 Berkely sq. London 11 Dec.

  BENTINCK, CHARLES ANTHONY FERDINAND. _b._ 4 March 1792; ensign
    Coldstream guards 16 Nov. 1808, lieut. col. 9 Nov. 1846 to 25
    April 1848 when placed on h.p.; colonel 12 Foot 14 April 1857 to
    death; L.G. 15 Jany. 1858. _d._ Bergheim in principality of
    Waldeck 28 Oct. 1864.

  BENTINCK, SIR HENRY JOHN WILLIAM (_youngest son of Major general
    John Charles Bentinck 1763–1833_). _b._ 8 Sep. 1796; ensign
    Coldstream guards 25 March 1813, lieut. col. 22 Aug. 1851 to 20
    June 1854; aide de camp to the Queen 23 Nov. 1841 to 20 June 1854;
    commanded the brigade of Guards in the Crimea 22 Feb. to 8 Nov.
    1854 and the fourth division 1 June to 10 Oct. 1855; colonel 28
    Foot 11 Oct. 1854 to death; K.C.B. 5 July 1855; groom in waiting
    to the Queen Nov. 1859 to June 1867; general 8 Dec. 1867. _d._ 35
    Grosvenor st. London 29 Sep. 1878.

  BENTINCK, HENRY WILLIAM CAVENDISH (_youngest son of 4 Duke of
    Portland 1768–1854_). _b._ 9 June 1804; ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox.; M.P.
    for North Notts. 6 March 1846 to 21 March 1857; invented the call
    for trumps at whist, known as Blue Peter, at Graham’s club house
    87 St. James’s st. about 1836, an explanation of which first
    appeared in print in _The laws and practice of whist by Cælebs,
    M.A. [E. A, Carlyon], 2 ed._ 1856; master of the Rufford hounds
    1835–36, of the Burton hounds 1842–64, when he sold the pack for
    £3,500, had over 100 horses in his stable at one time. _d._
    Tathwell hall near Louth 31 Dec. 1870. _Baily’s Mag. xix_, 288–93

    Charles Bentinck 1744–1819_). _b._ 2 Feb. 1784; ed. at Westminster
    and Ch. Ch. Ox.; B.A. 1805, M.A. 1808; R. of Sigglesthorne near
    Hull 1808 to death; Canon of Westminster 7 Oct. 1809 to 1864 and
    Archdeacon 1854–64; rural dean 1842 to death; built at his own
    expense church of Holy Trinity, Vauxhall bridge 1852. _d._
    Sigglesthorne rectory 29 Sep. 1868. _I.L.N. xxiv_, 401 (1854),

  BENTLEY, CHARLES. Member of the old water-color Society 1844;
    painted many pictures chiefly of coast and river scenery, four of
    which are in the South Kensington Museum. _d._ of cholera at
    Mornington place London 4 Sep. 1854 aged 48.

  BENTLEY, EDWARD (_eld. son of John Bentley 1786–1860_). _b._ 31 Dec.
    1817; an operative chemist; gained credit for his method of
    obtaining the more powerful vegetable preparations for medical
    use; studied at Guy’s Hospital; L.R.C.P. 1845; M.D. St. Andrews
    1845; very instrumental in founding City of London hospital for
    diseases of the chest 1848; hon. sec. to Pathological Society of
    London. _d._ 8 St. Thomas sq. Hackney 2 Feb. 1861.

  BENTLEY, JAMES. _b._ 1785; purchased Wood Green park, Cheshunt,
    Herts 1839 and the manor of the rectory of Cheshunt 1855; sheriff
    of Herts 1860; treasurer of St. Bartholomew’s hospital 1841–55.
    _d._ Wood Green park 26 Oct. 1880 in 96 year.

  BENTLEY, JOHN (_son of Edward Bentley, principal of accountants
    office bank of England who d. 24 July 1838 aged 85_). _b._ 12 Nov.
    1786; ed. at St. Paul’s school; secretary to Bank of England
    1850–60. _d._ Park crescent, Brighton 20 Dec. 1860.

  BENTLEY, JOSEPH. Lecturer and writer on education; promoted two
    assurance companies 1855–56; author of _Manual of life insurance_
    1862; _Financial position of life offices_ 1865. _d._ Feb. 1872
    aged 67.

  BENTLEY, JOSEPH CLAYTON. _b._ Bradford, Yorkshire 1809; a landscape
    painter; went to London 1832; exhibited landscapes chiefly views
    in Yorkshire at Royal Academy and other exhibitions; a line
    engraver; executed many plates for publications of Messrs. Fisher
    and Messrs. Virtue especially for the _Gems of European Art 2
    vols._ 1847; some of his best works are in the Vernon Gallery at
    the National Gallery. _d._ Sydenham, Kent 9 Oct. 1851.

    1794; ed. at St. Paul’s sch.; publisher with his brother Samuel in
    Salisbury st. Fleet st. Jany. 1819 to 1829; publisher with Henry
    Colburn 1829–32; started _Bentley’s Miscellany_ 1837; founded with
    George Smythe and the Young England party a newspaper called
    _Young England_ Jany. 1845 which collapsed April 1845; started
    with John Douglas Cook _Bentley’s Quarterly Review_ 1859 of which
    only 4 numbers appeared; published _Standard Novels_ 127 volumes
    the copyright and stock of which he sold 27 Feb. 1856 for £11,000;
    publisher in ordinary to the Queen 1838 to death. _d._ Ramsgate 10
    Sep. 1871. _Graphic iv_, 375, 381 (1871), _portrait_.

  BENTLEY, SAMUEL (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 10 May 1785; ed.
    at St. Paul’s school; apprenticed to John Nichols, printer and
    publisher; partner in firm of Nichols, Son and Bentley April 1812
    to Dec. 1818; publisher with his brother Richard Jany. 1819 to
    1829; carried on business at Bangor house, Shoe lane under firm of
    Samuel and John Bentley, Wilson and Fley 1829 to April 1853 when
    he retired; an antiquary, musician and artist; edited the _Concio
    de puero Jesu of Erasmus_ 1816; author of _Excerpta Historica_
    1831; indexed _Nichols’s Literary anecdotes_ and _Surtees’s
    History of Durham_. _d._ Croydon 13 April 1868. _G.M. i_, 127

  BENTLEY, WILLIAM (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 1788; ed. at St.
    Paul’s school; principal of the Bank stock office, Bank of
    England; master of the Leathersellers Company 1857–58. _d._ Colfe
    lodge, Lewisham 28 Jany. 1877.

  BENTON, MARY (_dau. of Ralph Lodge_). _b._ Raby Moor house near
    Keverstone, Durham 12 Feb. 1751. (_m._ John Benton of Longnewton,
    butcher). Lived at hamlet of Elton near Stockton on Tees many
    years. _d._ Elton 7 Jany. 1853, aged 102. _I.L.N. xviii_, 324
    (1851), _portrait_.

  BEOR, HENRY ROGERS (_4 son of Richard White Beor of Swansea_).
    Barrister M.T. 26 Jany. 1870; admitted to Queensland bar 7 Dec.
    1875; member of Queensland parliament for Bowen; attorney general
    for Queensland 1880. _d._ on his voyage from Sydney to Auckland 25
    Dec. 1880.

  BERE, MONTAGU BAKER. _b._ 15 July 1798; barrister L.I. 21 June 1825;
    commissioner of Court of bankruptcy at Leeds 21 Oct. 1842 to 1844
    and at Exeter 1844 to death. _d._ Barley near Exeter 13 Dec. 1858.

  BERENS, VENERABLE EDWARD (_son of Joseph Berens of Hextable, Kent_).
    Matric. from Ch. Ch. Ox. 17 Jany. 1794 aged 17; B.A. 1798, M.A.
    1801; fellow of Oriel coll.; V. of Shrivenham, Berks. 1804 to
    death; R. of Englefield, Berks. 1818–55; Preb. of Salisbury 23
    Oct. 1829 to death; archdeacon of Berks. 7 Sep. 1832 to 1855;
    author of _A discourse on parochial psalmody_ 1825; _Advice to a
    young man upon first going to Oxford_ 1832, _6 ed._ 1853; _The
    history of the Prayer Book of the Church of England_ 1839, _2 ed._
    1854; _A memoir of the life of Bishop Mant_ 1849; _Lectures on the
    Liturgy_ 1850 and other books. _d._ Shrivenham vicarage 7 April

  BERENS, HENRY HULSE (_son of Joseph Berens of Kevington, Kent_).
    _b._ 1804; deputy chairman of Public works loan office 1849–52; a
    director of Bank of England many years. _d._ Sidcup, Kent 23 Aug.
    1883 aged 78.

  BERENS, OTTO ALEXANDER. Linen draper in St. Paul’s churchyard,
    London; originated the fancy trade; moved to Cannon st. 1854. _d._
    Raleigh hall, Brixton-rise London 15 April 1860 aged 63.

  BERESFORD, WILLIAM CARR BERESFORD, 1 Viscount (_natural son of
    George de la Poer Beresford, 1 Marquis of Waterford 1735–1800_).
    _b._ Ireland 2 Oct. 1768; ed. at Strassburg; ensign 6 Foot 27 Aug.
    1785; lieut. col. of 124 or Waterford Foot (a regiment raised by
    his father) 11 Aug. 1794; lieut. col. 88 Foot 1 Sep. 1795 to 9
    Feb. 1807; commanded first brigade in Egypt June 1801 to 1802 and
    first brigade at Cape of Good Hope 1806; captured Buenos Ayres 27
    June 1806 but lost it 12 Aug.; colonel 88 Foot 9 Feb. 1807 to 11
    March 1819; governor of Madeira 24 Dec. 1807 to July 1808; marshal
    commanding Portugese army 1 March 1809 to 1819; captain general of
    Spain 1811; commander in chief at battle of Albuera 16 May 1811;
    voted the thanks of Parliament 7 June 1811; received a cross with
    7 clasps for 12 actions July 1815; governor of Jersey 29 Jany.
    1820 to death; col. 69 Foot 11 March 1819 to 15 March 1823; col.
    16 Foot 15 March 1823 to death; lieutenant general of the ordnance
    8 Feb. 1823 to 3 May 1824, master general 29 Jany. 1828 to 22 Nov.
    1830; general 27 May 1825; col. in chief 60 Rifles 23 Sep. 1852 to
    death; K.C.B. 18 Oct. 1810, G.C.B. 2 Jany. 1815; knighted at
    Whitehall 23 Oct. 1810; Conde de Trancoso in peerage of Portugal
    1810; Duke of Elvas in peerage of Spain; M.P. for co. Waterford 28
    June 1811 to 17 May 1814 but never took his seat; created Baron
    Beresford of Albuera and Dungarvan, co. Waterford 17 May 1814;
    G.C.H. 1818; P.C. 6 Feb. 1821; created Viscount Beresford of
    Beresford, co. Stafford 22 April 1823. _d._ Bedgebury park,
    Goudhurst Kent 8 Jany. 1854. _J. W. Cole’s Memoirs of British
    generals i_, 165–217 (1856); _W. C. Taylor’s National portrait
    gallery iv_, 96 (1848), _portrait_; _I.L.N. xxi_, 545 (1852),
    _portrait, xxiv_ 38, 58 (1854), _portrait_; _Napier’s Peninsular
    War vol. iii_.

  BERESFORD, DENIS WILLIAM PACK. _b._ London 7 July 1810; M.P. for co.
    Carlow 7 Aug. 1862 to 11 Nov. 1868. _d._ 28 Dec. 1881.

  BERESFORD, SIR GEORGE DE LA POER, 2 Baronet. _b._ 1 March 1811; M.P.
    for Athlone 8 July 1841 to 13 June 1842; succeeded 2 Oct. 1844.
    _d._ Glasgow 11 Feb. 1873.

  BERESFORD, MOST REV. JOHN GEORGE (_2 son of George Beresford, 1
    Marquis of Waterford 1735–1800_). _b._ Tyrone house, Dublin 22
    Nov. 1773; ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1793, M.A. 1796, D.D.
    1805; ordained deacon 1795, priest 1797; R. of Clonegam and
    Newtown Lenan; dean of Clogher 23 Dec. 1799; R. of Termonmaguirk
    1801; bishop of Cork and Ross 20 Feb. 1805; consecrated 24 March
    1805; translated to Raphoe 10 Aug. 1807; translated to Clogher 25
    Sep. 1819; created Archbishop of Dublin 21 April 1820; enthroned 6
    May 1820; P.C. Ireland 23 May 1820; archbishop of Armagh and
    primate of all Ireland 17 June 1822; vice chancellor of Univ. of
    Dublin 1829, chancellor 19 Nov. 1851; founded the chair of
    Ecclesiastical history 1853; gave £6000 to college of St. Columba;
    restored Armagh cathedral at expense of nearly £30,000. _d._
    Woburn near Donaghadee 18 July 1862. _bur._ in crypt of Armagh
    cathedral 30 July. _Creasy’s Memoirs of eminent Etonians new ed._
    1876, 568–89; _I.L.N. xli_, 128, 138 (1862), _portrait_; _Dublin
    Univ. Mag. xvi_, 86–89 (1840), _portrait_.

      NOTE.—He presided over the church in Ireland for 40 years, a
      longer period than any primate for nearly 1000 years; on
      completing the 50th year of his episcopate, 29 March 1855 he
      received an address of congratulation signed by all the Irish
      bishops and by 1980 out of the entire body of 2100 Irish

  BERESFORD, MARCUS (_2 son of Hon. George Beresford 1776–1842_). _b._
    28 July 1800; 2 lieut. 21 Foot 4 Sep. 1817; lieut. col. 3 Foot 25
    Dec. 1835 to 13 May 1842 when placed on h.p.; colonel 20 Foot 22
    Sep. 1858 to death; general 4 March 1866. _d._ Leamington 16 March

  BERESFORD, WILLIAM (_younger son of Marcus Beresford 1764–97, M.P.
    for Dungarvan_). _b._ 17 April 1797; ed. at Eton and St. Mary’s
    hall Ox., B.A. 1819, M.A. 1824; captain 12 Lancers 6 April 1826 to
    16 July 1830 when placed on h.p.; served in Portugal 1827; master
    of the Tennis Court, Hampton Court 1823 to death; contested
    Waterford 1837; M.P. for Harwich 1841–1847 and for North Essex
    1847–65; secretary at war 28 Feb. 1852 to Dec. 1852; P.C. 27 Feb.
    1852. _d._ Eccleston sq. London 6 Oct. 1883. _I.L.N. xx_, 267
    (1852), _portrait_.

  BERGENROTH, GUSTAVE ADOLPH. _b._ Oletzko, East Prussia 26 Feb. 1813;
    ed. at Univ. of Königsberg 1833–36; assessor to the high court at
    Berlin 1843 and 1846–49; studied English history in London
    1857–60; examined the Spanish Archives at Simancas, Spain Aug.
    1860 to death, deciphering more than 12 ciphers of exceeding
    difficulty; author of _Calendar of letters, despatches and state
    papers relating to the negotiations between England and Spain
    1485–1525, 3 vols._ 1862–68. _d._ Fonda de los Principes, Puerta
    del Sol, Madrid 13 Feb. 1869. _W. C. Cartwright’s G. Bergenroth a
    memorial sketch_ 1870.

  BERGER, GEORGE. _b._ London; a journeyman compositor; wholesale
    newsagent and bookseller in Holywell st. Strand 1834; the largest
    retailer of papers and periodicals in London; publisher in
    Newcastle st. Strand 1864 to death. _d._ Friern house, Finchley 1
    Feb. 1868 aged 72.

  BERGNE, JOHN BRODRIBB. _b._ Kensington, London 1800; clerk in the
    Foreign Office 1815 to death; superintendent of treaty department
    1 July 1854 to 1 Dec. 1870 when foreign office agencies were
    abolished; member of commission to revise Slave trade instructions
    1865; an original member of Numismatic Society 1837, treasurer
    July 1843 to 1857; contributed 16 papers to _Numismatic
    Chronicle_; F.S.A. 1844; made a fine collection of coins which was
    sold at Sotheby’s in an 11 day sale May 1873 for above £6000. _d._
    21 Thurloe sq. London 16 Jany. 1873. _Numismatic Chronicle xiii_,
    13–15, 304–308 (1873).

    Oct. 1796; ed. at C. C. coll. Ox.; succeeded 8 Aug. 1810, but
    never assumed the title or took his seat in House of Lords though
    he received usual summons to do so. _d._ Hartington lane,
    Cranford, Hounslow 27 Aug. 1882.

    11 Foot 27 May 1836; lieut. col. 32 Foot 24 July 1857 to death;
    C.B. 24 March 1858. _d._ on board the “Simla” off the island of
    Socotra 25 Sep. 1858.

  BERKELEY, CRAVEN FITZHARDINGE (_brother of 6 Earl of Berkeley_).
    _b._ Berkeley house, Spring Gardens London 28 July 1805; ensign 85
    Foot 13 Feb. 1823; captain 2 Life Guards 22 March 1831 to 25 Aug.
    1837 when placed on h.p.; M.P. for Cheltenham 10 Dec. 1832 to 23
    July 1847, 28 July 1848 to 24 Aug. 1848, when election declared
    void and 8 July 1852 to death; fought a duel with Henry George
    Boldero M.P. for Chippenham, in Osterly park 15 July 1842. _d._
    Frankfort upon Main 1 July 1855. _Godings History of Cheltenham_
    (1863) 85–94, 365–8.

  BERKELEY, FRANCIS HENRY FITZHARDINGE (_brother of the preceding_).
    _b._ 7 Dec. 1794; gentleman commoner at Ch. Ch. Ox. 1814; M.P. for
    Bristol 22 July 1837 to death; leader in House of Commons of the
    ballot question 8 Aug. 1848 to death, the ballot bill was passed
    13 July 1872; chief opponent of the Temperance cause in House of
    Commons, presented by the licensed victuallers with a testimonial
    of £1,050 at Bristol 24 Sep. 1856. _d._ 1 Victoria sq. Pimlico
    London 10 March 1870. _Burn’s Temperance dictionary_ (1861)
    300–303; _Illust. News of the world iii_, 84 (1859), _portrait_.

    preceding_). _b._ Cranford house, Hounslow 10 Feb. 1800; ed. at
    Sandhurst; ensign Coldstream Guards 1821–23 when placed on h.p.;
    heir presumptive to Earldom of Berkeley 1810 to death; kept a pack
    of stag hounds at Cranford 1824–29 and at Harrold hall Beds. from
    1829; M.P. for West Gloucs. 24 Dec. 1832 to 1 July 1852; fought a
    duel with Wm. Maginn editor of _Fraser’s Mag._ in a field near the
    Harrow road 5 Aug. 1836 when Maginn was slightly wounded; author
    of _Berkeley Castle an historical romance 3 vols._ 1836; _Sandron
    Hall or the days of Queen Anne 3 vols._ 1840; _Reminiscences of a
    huntsman_ 1854; _Love and the lion, a poem_ 1857; _The English
    sportsman in the western prairies_ 1861; he is depicted in C. J.
    Collins’s novel _Sackville Chase 3 vols._ 1863; he was the last
    person who wore the flat cocked hat known as the chapeau bras.
    _d._ Longfleet, Poole 23 Feb. 1881. _My life and recollections by
    G. C. G. F. Berkeley 4 vols._ 1865–66, _portrait_; _Fraser’s Mag.
    xiv_, 242–7 (1836), _xv_, 100–143 (1837); _I.L.N. lxxviii_, 253
    (1881), _portrait_.

    George Cranfield Berkeley, G.C.B. 1753–1818_). _b._ 9 July 1785;
    cornet Royal horse guards 21 Jany. 1802; captain 3 Foot guards 22
    Feb. 1821 to 16 Nov. 1826 when placed on h.p.; col. 81 Foot 15
    Jany. 1844 and of 35 Foot 11 July 1845 to death; surveyor general
    of the ordnance 28 June to Dec. 1852; general 20 June 1854; M.P.
    for Devonport 7 July 1852 to death; K.C.B. 2 Jany. 1815. _d._
    Richmond, Surrey 25 Sep. 1857.

  BERKELEY, ROBERT JAMES. Called to bar in Ireland 1830; Q.C. 9 Nov.
    1852. _d._ 6 Trafalgar terrace, Monkstown, Ireland 31 Oct. 1873.

  BERKELEY, SACKVILLE HAMILTON. Ensign 16 Foot 1 May 1800, captain 25
    Dec. 1804 to 26 Feb. 1824 when placed on h.p.; deputy adjutant
    general in West Indies 20 June 1811 to 15 March 1827; col. of 75
    Foot 16 Sep. 1845 and of 16 Foot 22 March 1858 to death; general
    20 June 1854. _d._ 4 York terrace, Regent’s Park, London 12 Feb.

  BERKLY, JAMES JOHN. _b._ Holloway near London 21 Oct. 1819; pupil of
    Robert Stephenson 1839; chief resident engineer of Great Indian
    Peninsula railway 1850–58; first 20 miles of the line from Bombay
    to Tanna were opened 16 April 1853 thus initiating the Indian
    railway system; comr. of Bombay municipal board 1857; member of
    senate of Bombay Univ. 1858; M.I.C.E. 4 Dec. 1855, Telford
    medallist 1860. _d._ Sydenham, Kent 25 Aug. 1862. _Min. of Proc.
    of Instit. of C.E. xxii_, 618–24 (1863).

  BERNAL, RALPH (_only son of Jacob Bernal of 7 Fitzroy square, London
    who d. 10 Nov. 1811_). ed. at Christ’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1806, M.A.
    1809; student L.I. 13 June 1804, barrister 8 Feb. 1810; M.P. for
    Lincoln 1818–20, for Rochester 1820–41 and 1847–52 and for
    Weymouth 1841–47; spent sum of £66,000 in election contests;
    chairman of committees of House of Commons 1830–50; pres. of
    British Archæological association 1853 to death; made a splendid
    collection of works of art from the Byzantine period to that of
    Louis Seize and of furniture and plate which was sold for £63,000
    in a 32 day sale 1855. _d._ 93 Eaton sq. London 26 Aug. 1854.
    _Annual Register_ (1855) 41–44; _G.M. xlii_, 628 (1854).

  BERNAL OSBORNE, Ralph (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ 26 March
    1808; ed. at the Charterhouse; matric. from Trin. coll. Cam. Oct.
    1829; ensign 71 Foot 8 June 1830; captain 7 Foot 27 July 1838 to
    1841 when he sold out; M.P. for Chipping Wycombe 1841–47, for
    Middlesex 1847–57, for Dover 1857–59, for Liskeard 1859–65, for
    Nottingham 1866–68 and for Waterford city 1870–74; took surname of
    Osborne in lieu of Bernal 19 Aug. 1844 but always known as R.
    Bernal Osborne; presided at banquet given to Lord Palmerston at
    Reform club 20 July 1850; secretary of the Admiralty Dec. 1852 to
    Feb. 1858; author of 2 poems called _The chaunt of Achilles_ 1838
    and _A voice from Palace yard_. _d._ Bestwood lodge near
    Nottingham 4 Jany. 1882. _Bagenal’s Life of R. Bernal Osborne
    privately printed_ 1884; _Temple Bar, lxxii_, 34–49 (1884);
    _Fortnightly Review xxxvi_, 535–44 (1884); _I.L.N. xiv_, 397
    (1849), _portrait, lxxx_, 61 (1882), _portrait_; _Graphic xxv_, 45
    (1882), _portrait_.

  BERNARD, HERMANN. _b._ Uman or Human Poland 1785; a banker; went to
    England 1825; Hebrew teacher in Univ. of Cambridge 1830 to death;
    author of _The creed and ethics of the Jews_ 1832; edited _Guide
    of the Hebrew student_ 1839; author with Rev. P. H. Mason of _An
    easy practical Hebrew grammar_; in the title pages of all his
    works the name of Hedwig being that of a departed sister whom he
    wished to commemorate is joined to his own. _d._ Cambridge 15 Nov.
    1857. _The book of Job as expounded to his Cambridge pupils by the
    late H. H. Bernard edited by Frank Chance vol. i_, (1864)
    _lxxvii-ciii_, (1864), _portrait_.

  BERNARD, MOUNTAGUE (_3 son of Charles Bernard of Eden, Jamaica_).
    _b._ Tibberton Court, Gloucs. 28 Jany. 1820; ed. at Sherborne and
    Trin. coll. Ox., B.A. 1842, B.C.L. 1845, D.C.L. 1871; Vinerian
    scholar and fellow of his college; barrister L.I. 1 May 1846;
    Chichele professor of international law and diplomacy in Univ. of
    Oxford 1859 to 9 May 1874; assessor of the Chancellor’s Court,
    Oxford 1859 to Nov. 1871; sec. to royal commission on Cattle
    plague 1866; member of royal commissions on Naturalisation 1868,
    Fugitive slaves 1876 and Univ. of Ox. 1877; fellow of All Souls
    coll. Ox. 1870; curator of Taylor institution at Ox. 9 Feb. 1871;
    one of high comrs. for treating with the United States of America
    16 Feb. 1871, signed treaty of Washington 8 May 1871; P.C. 29 June
    1871, member of its Judicial committee 24 Nov. 1871; an original
    member of the Institut de droit international 1873, pres. at the
    Oxford meeting 1880; one of founders of _Guardian_ newspaper 1846,
    wrote the weekly summary of events in it for some years. _d._
    Overross, Ross, Herefordshire 2 Sep. 1882.

  BERNARD, THOMAS. _b._ Sep. 1816; sheriff of King’s county 1837 and
    lord lieutenant 5 Dec. 1867 to death; colonel of King’s county
    militia 23 March 1871 to death. _d._ Castle Bernard, Kinnetty,
    King’s county 13 Dec. 1882.

  BERNARD, SIR THOMAS TYRINGHAM, 6 Baronet. _b._ Bolton st. Piccadilly
    London 15 Sep. 1791; ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox.; sheriff of
    Bucks. 1816; M.P. for Aylesbury 28 March 1857 to 6 July 1865;
    succeeded 22 Jany. 1876. _d._ Cadogan lodge, Carlyle sq. London 8
    May 1883. _I.L.N. lxxxii_, 525 (1883), _portrait_.

  BERNARD, WILLIAM BAYLE (_son of John Bernard, English comedian
    1756–1828_). _b._ Pleasant st. Boston U.S. 27 Nov. 1809; came to
    England 1820; clerk in Army accounts office 1826–30 when office
    was abolished; wrote much dramatic and other criticism for the
    press; author of _The freebooter’s bride 5 vols._ 1828; _Life of
    Samuel Lover 2 vols._ 1874 and of 114 plays, best known being _Rip
    Van Winkle_ 1832; _The nervous man_ 1833; _The man about town_
    1836; _Marie Ducange_ 1837; _His last legs_ 1839; _The boarding
    school_ 1841; _The round of wrong_ 1846. _d._ Brighton 5 Aug.
    1875. _The Era Almanac_ (1868) 17–18.

  BERNARD, WILLIAM SMYTH (_4 son of 1 Earl of Bandon 1755–1830_). _b._
    Castle Bernard, King’s County 14 Nov. 1792; sheriff of Cork 1820;
    M.P. for Bandon 15 Dec. 1832 to death. _d._ Queenstown 6 Feb.

  BERNAYS, ADOLPHUS. Professor of German language and literature at
    King’s College London 1831–63; F.R.G.S. 1858; author of _German
    poetry for beginners_ 1836; _German poetical anthology_ 1843;
    _German historical anthology_ 1846 and 6 other school books. _d._
    The rectory, Great Stanmore 22 Dec. 1864.

  BERNAYS, REV. LEOPOLD JOHN (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ 28
    Dec. 1820; ed. at Merchant Taylors and St. John’s coll. Ox., B.A.
    1843, M.A. 1846, fellow of his college; head master of Elstree
    school 1847–60; R. of Great Stanmore, Middlesex 1860 to death;
    author of _Translation of Goethe’s Faust, part 2 and other poems_
    1839; _Manual of family prayers and meditations_ 1845; _The church
    in the schoolroom_, 1851. _d._ The rectory, Great Stanmore 25 Oct.

  BERNCASTLE, JULIUS. Educ. at Univ. of Paris and Guy’s hospital
    London; assistant colonial surgeon Van Diemen’s Land 1841–42;
    surgeon at Croydon, Surrey 1842–48; surgeon to Croydon union and
    infirmary 1842–48 when presented by medical profession with a
    purse of gold; practised in London 1851–54; an oculist and aurist
    at Sydney 1854 and at Melbourne 1867 to death; author of _A voyage
    to China 2 vols._ 1850; _The revolt of the Bengal Sepoys_ 1857;
    _The defenceless state of Sydney_ 1865; _Australian snake bites;
    The use and abuse of tobacco_ [_Two lectures_] 1868. _d._ Greville
    place, Prahran, Victoria 30 June 1870 in 51 year.

  BERNERS, REV. HENRY WILSON, 5 Baron. _b._ 1 Oct. 1762; R. of
    Alexton, Leics. 1814 to death; R. of Kirby-Cane, Norfolk 1820 to
    1845; succeeded 25 March 1838. _d._ Kirby-Cane 26 Feb. 1851.

  BERNERS, HENRY WILLIAM WILSON, 6 Baron. _b._ Kirby-Cane hall,
    Norfolk 23 Feb. 1797; ed. at Eton and Em. coll. Cam.; built
    Keythorpe hall, co. Leicester 1842; succeeded 26 Feb. 1851; pres.
    of Royal agricultural society 1859 and of Smithfield club 1860 and
    1861; a successful breeder of sheep and shorthorns; a great hawker
    and hunter. _d._ Keythorpe hall 27 June 1871. _Illust. news of the
    world ii_, (1858), _portrait_; _I.L.N. xxviii_, 74 (1858),

  BERNERS, VENERABLE HENRY DENNY (_2 son of Charles Berners of
    Woolverstone park, Suffolk 1740–1815_). _b._ 18 Sep. 1769; ed. at
    St. Mary hall Ox., B.C.L. 1794; R. of Erwarton, Suffolk 1801–35;
    archdeacon of Suffolk 27 Feb. 1819 to 12 Jany. 1846. _d._
    Woolverstone park, 24 Jany. 1852.

  BERNEY, SIR HANSON, 8 Baronet. _b._ Kirby-Bedon, Norfolk 3 Dec.
    1780; succeeded 4 Oct. 1825. _d._ 7 Sep. 1870.

  BERNSTORFF, ALBRECHT GRAF VON, BARON. _b._ Dreilükow, Mecklenburg 22
    March 1809; Prussian minister in London 1 May 1854; minister for
    foreign affairs at Berlin July 1861 to Oct. 1862; Prussian
    ambassador in London Oct. 1862; ambassador of North German
    confederation Feb. 1867 and of German empire 24 Feb. 1871 to
    death. _d._ 9 Carlton house terrace, London 26 March 1873.
    _Illust. news of the world i_, 10 (1858), _portrait_.

  BERRI, AMY D’ARTOIS, Duchesse de (_dau. of Rev. Joseph Brown of
    Maidstone, Kent who d. 8 April 1824 aged 77 by Mary Anne Deacon
    who d. 10 March 1806 aged 59_). _b._ Maidstone 8 April 1783 _m._
    at the Catholic church King st. Portman sq. London 1806, Charles
    Ferdinand d’Artois Duc de Berri son of Comte d’Artois afterwards
    Charles x, he was _b._ 24 Jany. 1778 and was assassinated by
    Louvel on the steps of the Opera house Paris 13 Feb. 1820, the
    marriage was annulled by Louis xviii in 1815. _d._ Château de la
    Contrie, commune de Couffé, Loire-Inférieure France 7 May 1876.
    _Les secrets des Bourbons par C. Nauroy_ (1882) 5–62; _Bingham’s
    Marriages of the Bonapartes ii_, 198–200 (1881).

  BERRIDGE, JAMES SAMUEL. _b._ 1806; Educ. at the Charter House and
    Trin. hall Cam.; pres. of legislative council St. Christopher
    1846, puisne judge Court of Queen’s Bench and Common Pleas 1847,
    chairman of Board of Health 1860, postmaster 1860, pres. of
    legislative assembly 1870; pres. of St. Christopher April 1872 to
    death; member of executive council of Leeward Islands 1872. _d._
    Limekiln, St. Kitts 5 Nov. 1885.

  BERRY, JAMES MIDDLETON. Librarian to the Queen 1839 to death. _d._
    Manchester 25 Oct. 1875 aged 72.

  BERRY, AGNES (_younger dau. of Robert Berry of London, merchant who
    d. 18 May 1817_). _b._ Kirkbridge, Yorkshire 29 May 1764;
    travelled on the Continent with her sister Mary 1783–85 and 1802.
    _d._ 8 Curzon st. London 29 Jany. 1852. _Extracts from the
    Journals of Miss Berry, edited by Lady T. Lewis_, 2 _ed. vol._ 1
    (1866), _portrait_.

  BERRY, ALEXANDER. _b._ Fifeshire 30 Nov. 1781; member of legislative
    council of New South Wales 1829; member of the upper house
    1856–61. _d._ Sydney 17 Sep. 1873.

  BERRY, REV. CHARLES (_3 son of Rev. John Berry, Independent minister
    at Romsey, Hants who d. about 1821_). _b._ Romsey 10 Nov. 1783;
    ed. at Homerton college; Unitarian minister of the Great meeting
    Leicester 1803–59; kept a school at Leicester 1808–38, had many
    distinguished pupils; one of founders of Leicester literary and
    philosophical society and of Leicester town museum; author of _The
    duty of national thanksgiving_ 1812; _Funeral sermon for Queen
    Caroline_ 1821; _Remarks on Popery_ 1851. _d._ Olive Mount,
    Wavertree, Liverpool 4 May 1877. _Remembrance of Rev. C. Berry by
    J. C._ (_James Clephan_) 1877.

  BERRY, REV. CORNELIUS (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Romsey 23
    July 1788; ed. at Homerton college; Independent minister at Ware,
    Herts 1 Oct. 1809 to 30 Sep. 1810, at Hatfield Heath, Essex 31
    March 1811 to death; ordained 9 Oct. 1811. _d._ 5 Mathon place,
    Richmond road, Barnsbury, London 8 Sep. 1864. _Biographical sketch
    of the Rev. C. Berry by John Hayden_ 1865.

  BERRY, MARY (_sister of Agnes Berry_). _b._ Kirkbridge, Yorkshire 16
    March 1763; travelled on the Continent 1783–85 and 1802; became
    acquainted with Horace Walpole 1788 who left her at his death 2
    March 1797 sum of £4000 and house called Little Strawberry Hill;
    engaged to General O’Hara 1796; edited _The works of Horace
    Walpole 5 vols._ 1798 on which her father’s name appears as
    editor; author of _Fashionable Friends_, a comedy in 5 acts
    produced at Drury Lane theatre 22 April 1802; _A comparative view
    of the social condition of England and France_ 1828; _Social life
    in England and France from the French revolution in 1789 to that
    of July 1830_ [_anon._] 1831. _d._ 8 Curzon st. London at midnight
    20 Nov. 1852. _H. Martineau’s Biographical sketches, 4 ed._ (1876)
    293–98; _Extracts from the Journals of Miss Berry, edited by Lady
    T. Lewis, 2 ed. 3 vols._ 1866, 3 _portraits_; _I.L.N. xxi_, 517
    (1852), _portrait_.

  BERRY, WILLIAM. Writing clerk to Registrar of College of arms
    1793–1809; lived in Guernsey some years then at Doddington place,
    Kennington, Surrey; author of _Introduction to heraldry_ 1810;
    _History of the island of Guernsey_ 1815; _Genealogica antiqua or
    mythological and classical fables_ 1816; _Encyclopædia heraldica 4
    vols._ 1828; _Pedigrees of the families in the County of Kent_
    1830, _Sussex_ 1830, _Hampshire_ 1833, _Berkshire, Buckinghamshire
    and Surrey_ 1837, _Essex_ 1839, _Hertfordshire_ 1842, the 3 last
    of these books were produced by means of lithography. _d._ Spencer
    place, Brixton 2 July 1851 in 77 year. _G.M. xcix_; _pt._ 2,
    99–101 (1829), _c, pt._ 2, 409–16 (1830), _xxxviii_, 101 (1852).

  BERTINI, HENRI JÉRÔME. _b._ London 28 Oct. 1798; celebrated pianist,
    excelled in phrasing and execution; gave concerts in the
    Netherlands 1811; made a professional tour through England and
    Scotland; settled in Paris 1821, retired about 1855; composed
    nearly 200 pieces of music. _d._ Meylan near Grenoble 1 Oct. 1876.

  BERWICK, RICHARD NOEL NOEL HILL, 5 Baron. _b._ Betton, Shropshire 21
    Nov. 1800; succeeded 28 Sep. 1848. _d._ Cronkhill near Shrewsbury
    12 April 1861.

  BERWICK, WILLIAM NOEL NOEL HILL, 6 Baron. _b._ 6 July 1802; ensign 3
    Foot 13 Nov. 1817; major 69 Foot 4 Dec. 1835 to 30 Oct. 1840 when
    placed on h.p.; colonel 20 June 1854; succeeded 12 April 1861.
    _d._ Attingham hall near Shrewsbury 24 Nov. 1882.

  BERWICK, EDWARD. Called to Irish bar 1832; pres. of Queen’s college
    Galway 1845 to death. _d._ Queen’s college, Galway 7 March 1877.

  BERWICK, WALTER (_son of Rev. Edward Berwick, R. of Esker Lucan, co.
    Dublin_). Called to Irish bar 1826; chairman of quarter sessions
    for Waterford 1835–47, for east riding of co. Cork 1847–59; Q.C. 6
    Feb. 1840, bencher of King’s Inns 1856; serjeant at law 1855;
    judge of Irish Bankruptcy court 1859 to death; burned alive in the
    train at Abergele, Denbighshire 20 Aug. 1868 the most terrible
    railway accident that ever happened in this country. The Berwick
    Art Club was established in Dublin to perpetuate his memory Oct.
    1868. _Irish law times ii_, 477 (1868); _I.L.N. liii_, 205, 234

  BESEMERES, JOHN (_eld. son of Mr. Besemeres of City of London_).
    Merchant at Calcutta; author of following plays, all written under
    pseudonym of John Daly, _Broken Toys_, produced at Sadlers Wells
    1850; _Young husbands_ comedy, at same house Aug. 1852; _The
    Times_ drama, at Olympic July 1853; _Old Salt_ drama, at Strand 12
    Jany. 1868; _Dotheboys Hall_ drama, at Court 26 Dec. 1871;
    _Marriage lines_ drama, at Court 17 March 1873 and _Forget and
    Forgive_ comedy, at Charing Cross 5 Jany. 1874. _d._ Islington
    infirmary London 19 Nov. 1879 aged 57.

  BESLEY, ROBERT. _b._ Exeter 14 Oct. 1794; member of firm of Messrs.
    Thorogood of city of London, type founders 1829; member for
    Aldersgate ward of Court of common council 1852, alderman of the
    ward 1861 to death; sheriff 1864–65, lord mayor 1869–70. _d._
    Victoria road, Wimbledon park 18 Dec. 1876. _I.L.N. lv_, 461
    (1869), _portrait_.

  BESLY, REV. JOHN. Ed. at Balliol coll. Ox., fellow 1823, B.A. 1821,
    M.A. 1826, D.C.L. 1835; tutor in Rugby school 1823–28; sub
    librarian Bodleian library 1828–31; V. of Long Benton near
    Newcastle 1830 to death; R. of Aston-sub-edge, Gloucs. 1831 to
    death; proctor in Convocation of York 1836–45 and 1855–64; author
    of _A translation of Aristotle’s Rhetoric with analysis by Hobbes_
    1833; _Desultory notices of the church and vicarage of Long
    Benton_ 1843 and of Sermons. _d._ Long Benton 17 April 1868 aged

    John Wm. Ponsonby, 4 Earl of Bessborough 1781–1847_). _b._ London
    4 Oct. 1809; ed. at the Charterhouse; attaché to embassy at St.
    Petersburgh 3 July 1832; M.P. for Bletchingley 5 May 1831 to July
    1831, for Higham Ferrers 6 Oct. 1831 to 3 Dec. 1832 and for Derby
    8 Jany. 1835 to 16 May 1847 when he succeeded; lord lieutenant of
    co. Carlow 5 Sep. 1838 to death; master of the buckhounds 16 May
    1848 to Feb. 1852, 30 Dec. 1852 to 26 Feb. 1858 and 18 June 1859
    to 20 Jany. 1866; P.C. 30 June 1848; lord steward of the household
    20 Jany. 1866 to July 1866 and 9 Dec. 1868 to 2 March 1874. _d._
    Bessborough house near Piltown, co. Kilkenny 28 Jany. 1880.
    _Baily’s Mag. vi_, 163–64 (1863), _portrait_.

  BESSONET, JAMES. Called to Irish bar 1807; K.C. 13 July 1830;
    chairman of sessions for county Waterford. _d._ 21 Lower Leeson
    st. Dublin 3 Oct. 1859 aged 76.

  BEST, SAMUEL. Second lieut. Madras Engineers 16 Dec. 1825; captain 9
    May 1842 to death; planned fortifications of Singapore;
    superintendent of roads in Madras, Presidency 1845 to death; his
    principal works are the Southern Trunk road and the Goolcheroo
    pass; contributed many papers to _Madras Literary transactions_
    and _Madras Engineering papers_. _d._ of jungle fever at Chittoor
    5 Oct. 1851.

  BEST, REV. SAMUEL (_3 son of 1 Baron Wynford 1767–1845_). _b._ 2
    Dec. 1802; ed. at King’s college Cam., fellow, B.A. 1826, M.A.
    1830; R. of Abbots-Anne, Andover 1831 to death; rural dean of
    Andover; author of _Parochial sermons_ 1836; _Manual of parochial
    institutions_ 1849; _Catechism on collects_ 1850; _Discourses on
    collects, epistles and gospels_ 1853. _d._ The rectory,
    Abbots-Anne 20 Jany. 1873.

  BEST, THOMAS (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 12 Aug. 1799;
    entered navy 3 Nov. 1812; captain 22 July 1830; V.A. on h.p. 10
    Nov. 1862. _d._ 19 Hyde park sq. London 4 Sep. 1864.

  BEST, WILLIAM MAWDESLEY (_eld. son of Thomas Best, captain 26 Foot
    who d. 8 Oct. 1813_). _b._ 24 Dec. 1809; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub.,
    B.A. 1831, LL.B. 1832, M.A. 1834; barrister G.I. 11 June 1834,
    bencher 16 Jany. 1867; author of _Right to begin and right to
    reply in law courts_ 1837; _Treatise on circumstantial proof in
    criminal cases_ 1844; _Principles of the law of evidence_ 1849, _7
    ed._ 1883. _d._ 17 Nov. 1869.

  BESTOW, WILLIAM (_son of Wm. Bestow of 124 Wood st. Cheapside,
    London, web manufacturer_). _b._ 14 Feb. 1789; partly founded
    several papers; founded _Theatrical Journal, a weekly record of
    the English drama_ 1840, edited it to Nov. 1872, 33 vols., it
    ceased 16 April 1873; wrote several political pamphlets. _d._ 20
    Frederick st. King’s Cross, London 30 April 1873.

  BETHAM, MARY MATILDA (_eld. dau. of Rev. Wm. Betham 1749–1839,
    master of endowed school at Stonham Aspal, Suffolk 1784–1833_).
    _b._ 1776 or 1777; gave Shakespearian readings in London about
    1803; author of _Elegies_ 1797; _Biographical dictionary of
    celebrated women_ 1804; _Poems_ 1808; _The lay of Marie, a poem_
    1816. _d._ 36 Burton st. Burton crescent, London 30 Sep. 1852 aged
    76. _Six life studies of famous women by M. Betham-Edwards_ (1880)
    231–303, _portrait_; _Fraser’s Mag. July 1878_, 73–84.

  BETHAM, SIR WILLIAM (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Stradbroke,
    Suffolk 22 May 1779; clerk to Sir Chichester Fortescue, Ulster
    king of arms 1805; genealogist attendant on order of St. Patrick
    15 July 1812; knighted by Lord lieutenant of Ireland 15 July 1812;
    Ulster king of arms 1820; keeper of parliamentary records of
    Ireland 1830; F.S.A. 6 May 1824; M.R.I.A. 22 Jany. 1827, foreign
    sec. to March 1840; author of _Irish antiquarian researches_ 1827;
    _Dignities feudal and parliamentary_ 1830, reissued as _The origin
    and history of the constitution of England_ 1834; _Etruria Celtica
    2 vols._ 1832; _The Gael and Cimbri_ 1834; made an index of 40
    folio volumes to the names of all persons mentioned in the wills
    at the Prerogative office in Dublin; his manuscripts were sold at
    Sotheby’s in London 1860. _d._ Rochford house, Blackrock near
    Dublin 26 Oct. 1853. _G.M. xl_, 632–35 (1853), _xlii_, 145 (1854).

  BETHELL, RIGHT REV. CHRISTOPHER (_2 son of Rev. Richard Bethell, R
    of St. Peter’s, Wallingford who d. 12 Jany. 1806_). _b._
    Isleworth, Surrey 21 April 1773; ed. at Eton and King’s coll.
    Cam., B.A. 1796, M.A. 1799, D.D. 1817, fellow of his college; R.
    of Kirby Wiske, Yorkshire 1808–30; dean of Chichester 5 April 1814
    to March 1824; bishop of Gloucester 24 March 1824, consecrated 11
    April 1824; bishop of Exeter 8 April 1830; preb. of Exeter 22 June
    1830; bishop of Bangor 28 Oct. 1830 to death; author of _A general
    view of the doctrine of regeneration in baptism_ 1821, _4 ed._
    1845. _d._ The palace, Bangor 19 April 1859. _bur._ Llandegai
    church yard 27 April.

  BETHELL, REV. GEORGE. Educ. at Eton; assistant at Eton 1802; fellow
    of Eton 21 Sep. 1818 to death; R. of Worplesdon, Surrey 1833 to
    death. _d._ Eton college 16 March 1857 aged 78.

  BETHELL, JOHN (_son of Richard Bethell M.D. of Bristol_). _b._ 1804;
    solicitor in London 1825–54; patented a complete system of diving
    apparatus 1835; patented a process for preserving timber from
    decay by impregnating it with creosote oil 11 July 1838, this
    invention has been adopted on a large scale, in marine works it is
    almost indispensable, the idea was taken from the embalming of
    mummies; patented many other inventions; carried on a distillery
    of beetroot spirit in Berkshire; A.I.C.E. 20 March 1838. _d._
    Cleveland sq. Hyde Park London 22 Feb. 1867. _Minutes of proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. xxvii_, 597–99 (1868).

  BETHELL, RICHARD. _b._ 10 May 1772; ed. at King’s coll. Cam., B.A.
    1795, fellow of his college; owner of large estates in Yorkshire
    1799; M.P. for Yorkshire 5 Aug. 1830 to 23 April 1831, and for the
    East Riding 18 Dec. 1832 to 23 June 1841; chairman of East Riding
    quarter sessions many years; author of 2 Latin poems in second
    series of _Musæ Etonenses 2 vols._ 1797. _d._ Rise near Hull 25
    Dec. 1864.

  BETHUNE, CHARLES RAMSAY DRINKWATER (_2 son of John Drinkwater of
    Thorncroft, Surrey, C.B., F.S.A. 1762–1844_). _b._ 27 Dec. 1802;
    entered navy 2 Aug. 1815; captain 22 July 1830; served in Chinese
    war 1840–41; V.A. 10 Nov. 1862, admiral 2 April 1866; retired 1
    April 1870; assumed additional name of Bethune 1837; C.B. 29 June
    1841, F.R.G.S. 1842. _d._ 4, Queensbury place South Kensington 21
    Feb. 1884. _M. F. Conolly’s Biog. dict. of eminent men of Fife_
    (1866) 56.

  BETHUNE, SIR HENRY LINDESAY (_eld. child of Martin Eccles Lindesay
    Bethune, commissary general in Scotland who d. 1813_). _b._ Hilton
    near Perth 12 April 1787; lieut. Madras Horse artillery 18 July
    1804; captain 3 Sep. 1813 to 1 Sep. 1822 when he retired; drilled
    and disciplined the Persian army 1811–21, his lofty stature, 6
    feet 7 inches, and great personal strength gained for him in
    Persia the epithet of “Rustum” the Hercules of ancient Persian
    story; knighted at St. James’s Palace 20 July 1832; sent to Persia
    as British agent 1834; commanded advanced guard of the Shah’s army
    1834–35; returned home Sep. 1835; created baronet 7 March 1836.
    _d._ Tabreez, Persia 19 Feb. 1851. _M. F. Conolly’s Biog. dict. of
    eminent men of Fife_ (1866) 57.

  BETHUNE, JOHN ELLIOT DRINKWATER (_brother of C. R. D. Bethune_). Ed.
    at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1823; barrister M.T. 4 May 1827; one of
    municipal corporation comrs.; counsel to the Home Office 1833–47;
    drew the Municipal reform, Tithe commutation and County courts
    bills; legislative member of Supreme council of India 11 April
    1848 to death; pres. of council of education at Calcutta 1848;
    established a school for native females of the higher classes at
    Calcutta which he endowed by his will with property in Calcutta.
    _d._ Calcutta 12 Aug. 1851 aged 50. _G.M. xxxvii_, 94–96, 434

  BETTINGTON, CLAUDE (_2 son of Albemarle Bettington of Halsey house,
    Cheltenham_). Commanded Bettington’s Horse in Zulu war 1879–80;
    C.M.G. 30 Oct. 1880. _d._ Elmina, Gold Coast 29 Dec. 1880.

  BETTRIDGE, REV. WILLIAM CRADDOCK. _b._ 30 Aug. 1791; ensign 81 Foot
    7 April 1813; lieutenant 31 Aug. 1815 to 25 Feb. 1816 when placed
    on h.p.; town major of Brussels 1815; entered Univ. of Jena Saxony
    1818; walked from Jena to Naples; entered Neapolitan army 1822;
    aide-de-camp to Sir Richard Church 1822; accorded by Government a
    continuance for life of his half pay by a special mandamus;
    studied at St. John’s coll. Cam., B.D. 1837; ordained deacon 1824;
    C. of Elvington near York 1824; C. of Ecclesfield 1828; Inc. of
    St. Paul’s, Southampton 1828–34; R. of Woodstock, Ontario, Upper
    Canada 1834 to death; obtained a grant of 400 acres of land for
    each of the 57 rectories of Upper Canada; canon of Huron; declined
    bishopric of Huron 1857; author of _A brief history of the church
    in Upper Canada_ 1838. _d._ Woodstock 21 Nov. 1879.

  BETTS, EDWARD LADD (_eld. son of Wm. Betts of Sandown, Kent_). _b._
    Buckland near Dover 5 June 1815; constructed Midland railway from
    Rugby to Leicester and many other lines; partner with Sir S. M.
    Peto; constructed the line from Balaclava to English camp before
    Sebastopol; constructed with Brassey the grand trunk railway of
    Canada including Victoria tubular bridge, and with Crampton the
    London, Chatham and Dover railway; chairman of Eastern counties
    railway co. 1851 and 1852; sheriff of Kent 1858; contested
    Maidstone 1865; A.I.C.E. 26 June 1849. _d._ Assouan, Upper Egypt
    21 Jany. 1872. _bur._ at Aylesford, Kent. _Minutes of proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. xxxvi_, 285–88 (1873); _I.L.N. lx_, 187, 207, 611

  BETTY, WILLIAM HENRY WEST (_only child of William Henry Betty, M.D.
    of Lisburn, Ireland who d. 1811_). _b._ Shrewsbury 13 Sep. 1791;
    made his début at Belfast theatre 16 Aug. 1803 as Osman in tragedy
    of _Zara_, and at Crow st. theatre Dublin 29 Nov. 1803 as Douglas;
    engaged at Covent Garden for 12 nights at £50 per night and a
    clear benefit, and at Drury Lane on intervening nights on same
    terms 1 Dec. 1804, after 3 nights his salary was raised to £100
    per night; known as the young Roscius; fellow commoner of Christ’s
    college, Cambridge July 1808 to 1811; returned to the stage 1812
    when he failed to draw; made his last appearance in London June
    1813; took his farewell benefit at Southampton 9 Aug, 1824. _d._
    37, Ampthill sq. London 24 Aug. 1874. _Roscius in London
    Biographical Memoirs of W. H. W. Betty_ 1805, _portrait_;
    _Tinsley’s Mag. xv_, 415–23 (1874); _Temple Bar xlii_, 346–61
    (1874); _Theatrical Inquisitor xii_, 227 (1818), _portrait_;
    _Graphic x_, 227 (1874), _portrait_; _The dawn of the 19th century
    in England by J. Ashton ii_, 118–29 (1886), _portrait_.

  BEVAN, CHARLES DACRES (_son of Charles Bevan, Lieut. col. 4 Foot who
    d. 12 July 1811_). _b._ 7 Nov. 1805; ed. at Charterhouse and Ball.
    coll. Ox., B.A. 1827, M.A. 1829; barrister M.T. 21 May 1830;
    recorder of Dartmouth 1845–55, of Truro 1848–49, of Falmouth
    1850–56, of Helston 1850–56 and of Penzance Dec. 1855 to Jany.
    1857; judge of county courts for Cornwall (circuit 59) 22 Jany.
    1857 to death. _d._ near Fowey, Cornwall 24 June 1872.

  BEVAN, EDWARD. _b._ London 8 July 1770; apprenticed to a surgeon at
    Hereford; studied at St. Bartholomew’s hospital; M.D. St. Andrews
    1818; physician at Mortlake 5 years, at Stoke-upon-Trent, at
    Congleton 12 years and at Mortlake again 2 years; lived at
    Bridstow near Ross, then at Hereford 1849 to death; one of
    founders of Entomological Society 1833; author of _The Honey-Bee,
    its natural history, physiology and management_ 1827, _3 ed._
    1870, which was the best book on the subject; _Hints on the
    history and management of the Honey-Bee_ 1851. _d._ Hereford 31
    Jany. 1860. _The Naturalist, ed. by Neville Wood iv_, 142–46
    (1838), _portrait_.

  BEVAN, HANNAH MARISHALL (_dau. of Wm. Bevan of London, tea
    merchant_). _b._ London 1 Feb. 1798; joined the Newgate prison
    committee; worked with Elizabeth Fry and others; a minister of
    Society of Friends 1828. (_m._ 1827 Thomas Bevan, M.D. who _d._
    1847 aged 43). _d._ Penge 8 Nov. 1874. _Annual Monitor for 1876
    pp._ 3–19.

  BEVAN, PHILIP. Ed. at Trin. coll. Dub., M.A. and M.B. 1843, M.D.
    1845; F.R.C.S. Ireland 1837; lecturer on anatomy Dublin School of
    medicine; surgeon to Mercers hospital to about 1870; M.R.I.A. 13
    April 1846; professor of practical anatomy Royal college of
    surgeons to death. _d._ 33 Pembroke road, Dublin 6 Dec. 1881.

  BEVAN, VENERABLE THOMAS. Ed. at Jesus coll. Ox., B.A. 1823, M.A.
    1828; V. of St. Peter’s, Carmarthen 1833 to death; archdeacon of
    St. David’s 11 June 1833 to death; preb. of Brecon 1853 to death.
    _d._ 28 Dec. 1863 aged 63.

  BEVERIDGE, THOMAS. _b._ Dunfermline 7 Oct. 1775; deputy clerk in the
    court of session, Edinburgh; author of _A practical treatise on
    the forms of process containing the new regulation before the
    Court of Session ... 2 vols._ 1826; _A guide to the judicial
    records of the court of session_ 1852. _d._ near Edinburgh 27 May

  BEVERLEY, CHARLES JAMES. _b._ Fort Augustus, Scotland Aug. 1788;
    assistant surgeon R.N. 1810; served in Sir Edward Parry’s first
    Arctic expedition 1819–20; went with him to Spitzbergen as surgeon
    and naturalist 1827; practised in London; F.R.S. 5 May 1831. _d._
    Derman Terrace, Great Yarmouth 16 Sep. 1868.

  BEVERLEY, EDWARD, stage name of Edward Dickenson. _b._ Beverley,
    Yorkshire; a chorister in choir of York minster; sang at Weston’s
    music hall London; principal tenor of Madame Bodda-Pyne’s opera
    company, and of John Russell’s opera bouffe company; played at
    Gaiety and Opera Comique theatres London; in the United States,
    leading tenor at St. Mark’s church New York May 1880 to death.
    _d._ Flushing, Long island, New York Aug. 1880.

  BEVERLEY, HENRY, stage name of Henry Roxby. _b._ 1797; made his
    début at West London theatre; chief low comedian at Adelphi
    theatre Oct. 1838; lessee of Victoria theatre 16 Sep. 1839 to
    1840; manager of Sunderland and other theatres in north of
    England. _d._ 26, Russell sq. London 1 Feb. 1863.

  BEWES, THOMAS. M.P. for Plymouth 11 Dec. 1832 to 23 June 1841. _d._
    Beaumont, Plymouth 18 Nov. 1857 aged 79.

  BEWICK, JANE (_eld. child of Thomas Bewick, painter in water colours
    1753–1828_). _b._ 29 April 1797; edited _Memoir of Thomas Bewick
    written by himself_ 1862. _d._ 19, West st. Gateshead 7 April

  BEWICK, WILLIAM (_3 son of Wm. Bewick of Darlington, upholsterer_).
    _b._ Darlington 20 Oct. 1795; pupil of B. R. Haydon in London
    1817–20; _portrait_ painter at Darlington 1824; copied pictures in
    Rome 1826–29; exhibited 4 pictures at the R.A., 8 at the B.I. and
    9 at Suffolk st. exhibition 1822–48; competed for decorations of
    Houses of Parliament 1843; a skilful copyist especially of
    Rembrandt. _d._ Haughton house near Darlington 8 June 1866. _Life
    and letters by T. Landseer 2 vols._ 1871, _portrait_.

  BEXFIELD, WILLIAM RICHARD. _b._ Norwich 27 April 1824; chorister at
    Norwich cathedral 1832–39; organist to parish church of Boston
    1846; Mus. Bac. Ox. 1846; Mus. Doc. Cam. 1849; organist at St.
    Helens, Bishopsgate, London Feb. 1848; composed oratorio of
    _Israel restored_, performed by Norwich choral society Oct. 1851
    and at Norwich musical festival 22 Sep. 1852. _d._ 12 Monmouth
    road, Bayswater, London 28 Oct. 1853. _W. A. Barrett’s English
    church composers_ (1882) 162–63.

  BEXLEY, NICHOLAS VANSITTART, 1 Baron (_younger son of Henry
    Vansittart 1732–70, governor of Bengal_). _b._ 29 April 1766; ed.
    at Cheam, Surrey and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1787, M.A. 1791, D.C.L.
    1841; barrister L.I. 26 May 1791, bencher 12 Nov. 1812; M.P. for
    Hastings 1796–1802, for Old Sarum 1802–12 and for Harwich 1812–23;
    joint sec. of the Treasury 1801–1804 and 1806–1808; lord of the
    Treasury in Ireland 1804; P.C. 14 Jany. 1805; chief sec. for
    Ireland 23 March 1805 to Sep. 1805; chancellor of the Exchequer 9
    June 1812 to Jany. 1823; created Baron Bexley of Bexley, Kent 1
    March 1823; chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster 31 Jany. 1823 to
    Jany. 1828; author of many political and financial pamphlets
    1793–1818. _d._ Footscray place, Kent 8 Feb. 1851. _W. C. Taylor’s
    National portrait gallery i_, 91 (1846), _portrait_; _G.M. xxxv_,
    431–32 (1851); _S. Walpole’s History of England, 2 ed. vols. 1 and
    2_ (1879).

  BEYER, CHARLES FREDERICK. _b._ Plauen, Saxony 14 May 1813; head of
    the mechanical works of Messrs. Sharp, Roberts & Co. of
    Manchester, engineers 1843–53; naturalised in England 5 Nov. 1852;
    established with Richard Peacock locomotive works of Beyer,
    Peacock & Co., Gorton foundry Manchester 1854; designed and
    adapted many special tools for making locomotive engines; one of
    founders of Institution of Mechanical engineers 1847; M.I.C.E. 7
    March 1854; left a large bequest for foundation and endowment of
    professorships of science at Owen’s college Manchester. _d._
    Llantysilio hall, Denbighshire 2 June 1876. _Minutes of proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. xlvii_, 290–97 (1877).

  BIANCONI, CARLO (_2 son of Pietro Bianconi of Tregolo, Lombardy,
    farmer who d. 1833_). _b._ Tregolo 24 Sep. 1786; went to Ireland
    as a picture seller 1802; opened a carver and gilder’s shop at
    Carrick-on-Suir 1806, removed to Waterford and then to Clonmel;
    started a one-horse two-wheeled car for conveyance of passengers
    from Clonmel to Cahir 6 July 1815; started cars all over Ireland
    where they were known as “Bians”; in 1864 his passenger traffic
    realised £27,700 and his mail contracts £12,000; gave up his shop
    at Clonmel 1826 and his car business 1865; received letters of
    Naturalisation from Irish Privy Council 31 Aug. 1831; mayor of
    Clonmel 1844–46; purchased Longfield, Tipperary for £22,000 23
    March 1846, where he lived 16 Sep. 1846 to death; D.L. for
    Tipperary June 1863. (_m._ 14 Feb. 1827 Eliza, dau. of Patrick
    Hayes of Dublin, stockbroker). _d._ Longfield 22 Sep. 1875.
    _Charles Bianconi, a biography 1786–1875 by his daughter Mrs.
    Morgan John O’Connell_ 1878, _portrait_; _Dublin univ. mag. lxxxv_
    16–24 (1875), _portrait_.

  BIBBY, THOMAS. _b._ Kilkenny 1799; ed. at Kilkenny gr. sch. and
    Trin. coll. Dublin scholar 1814, B.A. 1816; one of the best Greek
    scholars of his day; author of two dramatic poems, _Gerald of
    Kildare_ 1854 and a sequel to it called _Silken Thomas_ 1859;
    confined by his relations in a private lunatic asylum in Dublin
    but released by his literary friends. _d._ St. Canice’s Steps,
    Kilkenny 7 Jany. 1863.

  BIBER, REV. GEORGE EDWARD. _b._ Ludwigsburg, Würtemberg 4 Sep. 1801;
    ed. at Univs. of Tubingen and Gottingen; Ph. Doc. Tubingen 1839;
    LLD. Gottingen 1839; settled in England 1826; head of a classical
    school at Hampstead, afterwards at Coombe Wood; naturalised by
    private act of parliament 2 and 3 Vict., cap. 51 June 1839;
    ordained to curacy of Ham, Surrey July 1839; V. of Roehampton,
    Surrey 1842–72; R. of West Allington Lincs. 1872 to death; edited
    _John Bull_ weekly paper 1848–56; author of _Henry Pestalozzi and
    his plan of education_ 1831; _The Standard of Catholicity_ 1840,
    _2 ed._ 1844; _Vindication of the Church_ 1844; _The life of St.
    Paul_ 1849; _Bishop Blomfield and his times_ 1857. _d._ West
    Allington 19 Jany. 1874.

  BICHENO, JAMES EBENEZER (_son of Rev. James Bicheno of Newbury,
    Berks, baptist minister who d. 9 April 1831 aged 80_). _b._
    Newbury 1785; F.L.S. 7 April 1812, secretary 1825–32; barrister
    M.T. 17 May 1822; comr. to inquire into expediency of introducing
    Poor Law into Ireland 1833–36; colonial sec. in Van Diemen’s Land
    Sep. 1842 to death, arrived out there 10 April 1843; a founder of
    Royal Society of Van Diemen’s Land 1844; author of _An inquiry
    into the nature of benevolence_ 1817; _Observations on the
    philosophy of criminal jurisprudence_ 1819; _Ireland and its
    economy_ 1830. _d._ Hobart Town 25 Feb. 1851. _Proc. of Linnæan
    Soc. ii_, 180 (1855).

  BICKERS, HENRY. _b._ near Leicester square, London; bookseller in
    Noel st. Soho, in Leicester square 1833 to death; partner with H.
    J. Bush 1847–63; published many standard works 1863 to death. _d._
    83 Cumberland road, London 6 Aug. 1875 aged 69.

  BICKERS, HENRY (_son of the preceding_). Head of firm of Bickers and
    Son, publishers Leicester square, London 1875 to death. _d._
    Dulwich 1 Dec. 1884 aged 49. His copyrights were sold at Hodgson’s
    Chancery lane for £8,500 March 1885.

  BICKERSTETH, ROBERT (_youngest son of Henry Bickersteth of Kirkby
    Lonsdale, Westmoreland, surgeon_). _b._ Kirkby Lonsdale 1787;
    M.R.C.S. 1806, F.R.C.S. 1843; practised at Liverpool 1807 to
    death; surgeon to Liverpool infirmary 1810–50. _d._ 2 Rodney st.
    Liverpool 17 April 1857. _Lancet i_, 441 (1857).

  BICKERSTETH, RIGHT REV. ROBERT (_4 son of Rev. John Bickersteth, R.
    of Sapcote. co. Leicester who d. 2 Sep. 1855 aged 74_). _b._
    Acton, Suffolk 24 Aug. 1816; ed. at Queen’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1841,
    M.A. 1848, D.D. 1857; ordained deacon 1841, priest 1842; C. of
    Sapcote 1841–43; C. of St. Giles’s Reading 1843–45; Inc. of St.
    John’s church Clapham 1845–51; R. of St. Giles’s in the Fields,
    London 1851–56; canon residentiary of Salisbury April 1854–56;
    bishop of Ripon 30 Nov. 1856 to death, consecrated in Ripon
    Minster 18 June 1857; pres. of Church Congress at Leeds 8 Oct.
    1872; edited _The weekly visitor_ 1851; author of _Bible
    landmarks_ 1850; _Means of grace_ 1851 and many charges and
    sermons. _d._ the palace Ripon 15 April 1884. _bur._ in south end
    of Cathedral churchyard 19 April. _Our bishops and deans by Rev.
    F. Arnold ii_, 103–16 (1875); _Orthodox London by Rev. C. M.
    Davies, 2 series_ (1875) 135–42, 394–95; _Illust. news of the
    world iii_, (1859), _portrait_; _I.L.N. xxx_, 43 (1857),
    _portrait, lxxxiv_, 401 (1881), _portrait_; _Graphic xxix_, 400
    (1884), _portrait_.

  BICKERTON, THOMAS. Educ. at Andersonian Univ. of Glasgow; L.R.C.S.
    Edin. 1851, L.S.A. 1851; house surgeon to Warrington dispensary;
    surgeon to the Emigration service; practised at Liverpool 1854 to
    death; surgeon to the Eye and Ear infirmary; consulting surgeon to
    London and North Western railway company; a skilful operator in
    ophthalmic surgery. _d._ Mount Pleasant, Liverpool 13 April 1872
    aged 45. _British Medical journal i_, 459 (1872).

  BICKMORE, REV. CHARLES. Ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1840, M.A.
    1843; ad eund. Ox. 1853; Incorp. at Trin. coll. Ox. 1857, B.D. and
    D.D. 1857; C. of Bebbington, Cheshire 1840–43; asst. Min. at
    Temple Church Balsall, Warwick 1848–54; Min. of Christ Church
    Leamington 1856–70; author of _A course of historical and
    chronological instruction_; _A series of questions and answers on
    Dr. Smith’s History of Greece_. _d._ Highlands, Leamington 12 May
    1880 aged 73.

  BICKNELL, ELHANAN (_son of Wm. Bicknell of London, serge
    manufacturer who d. 21 Nov. 1825 aged 77_). _b._ Blackman st.
    London 21 Dec. 1788; joined a firm at Newington Butts engaged in
    the sperm whale fishery 1809 retired from business 1859; lived at
    Herne hill, Surrey 1819 to death where he formed a splendid
    collection of pictures by Gainsborough, Turner, Roberts and other
    modern British painters, this collection was sold at Christie’s
    25–29 April 1863 for sum of £74,380. _d._ Herne hill 27 Nov. 1861.
    _Waagen’s Treasures of art ii_, 349–54 (1854).

  BICKNELL, HENRY EDGEWORTH (_younger son of John Bicknell of
    Lincoln’s Inn, barrister_). _b._ 1787; ed. at Greenwich; clerk to
    the registrars of high court of Chancery June 1809; senior
    registrar to 11 July 1859 when he retired on a superannuation
    allowance of £2,250; served under 14 Lord Chancellors. _d._ 28
    Upper Bedford place, Russell sq. London 20 Feb. 1879 in 92 year.

  BICKNELL, HERMAN (_3 son of Elhanan Bicknell 1788–1861_). _b._ Herne
    hill 2 April 1830; ed. at Paris, Hanover, Univ. coll. London and
    St. Bartholomew’s hospital; M.R.C.S. 1854; assistant surgeon of 81
    Foot 16 May 1855 and of 84 Foot 15 Feb. 1861; served during Indian
    mutiny; explored parts of Java, Thibet and the Himalayas; went to
    Cairo 1862; joined the annual pilgrimage to the shrine of Mohammed
    at Mecca May 1862, a dangerous exploit which no other Englishman
    had achieved without disguise of person or nationality; climbed
    nearly all the chief mountains in Switzerland; travelled over
    nearly the whole globe; author of _Hafiz of Shiraz, selections
    from his poems translated from the Persian by H. Bicknell_ 1875.
    _d._ 48 Seymour st. Portman sq. London 14 March 1875. _bur._ at
    Ramsgate. _H. Bicknell’s Hafiz of Shiraz_ (1875) _ix-xii_, 365–68.

  BIDDER, GEORGE PARKER (_son of Mr. Bidder of Moreton Hampstead,
    Devon, stonemason_). _b._ Moreton Hampstead 14 June 1806; was
    exhibited about England as the ‘calculating phenomenon’; ed. at
    Camberwell gr. sch. 1818–19 and Univ. of Edin. 1819–24; engaged on
    the ordnance survey 1824–25; civil engineer in London 1825–77;
    A.I.C.E. 1825, M.I.C.E. 1837, member of council 1847 to death,
    vice pres. 1854, pres. 1860 and 1861; a founder of Electric
    Telegraph company 1846; constructed Victoria docks. London 100
    acres for less than £870,000 in 1853; engineer of Royal Danish
    railway opened 1855; originator of railway swing bridge, the first
    of which was erected at Reedham in Norfolk; lieut. col. commandant
    of Engineer and railway volunteer staff corps 1865. _d._
    Ravensbury, Dartmouth 20 Sep. 1878. _I.L.N. xxviii_, 267–68
    (1856), _portrait_; _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xv_, 251–80
    (1856), lvii, 294–309 (1879), his contributions to these
    proceedings embrace the whole range of engineering and require no
    less than 16 columns of the general indexes for citation.

  BIDDER, SAMUEL PARKER. _b._ 10 Nov. 1843; assistant manager to
    Victoria Docks graving company; took out 2 patents for apparatus
    for breaking down coal, shale, stone and other minerals 1868; took
    out a patent for safety lamps 1869, which have come into very
    general use in South Wales; A.I.C.E. 1 Dec. 1868. _d._ Southsea 10
    Jany. 1878.

  BIDDLE, RICHARD JUNIUS (_3 son of Richard Biddle, of Wooton under
    Edge, co. Gloucester_). _b._ 9 Nov. 1832; a marine artist;
    exhibited 6 sea pieces at Suffolk st. exhibition, and Royal
    Academy 1877–80. _d._ 30 Nov. 1882.

  BIDDLECOMBE, SIR GEORGE (_son of Thomas Biddlecombe of Sheerness
    dockyard, who d. 12 Sep. 1844_). _b._ Portsea 5 Nov. 1807; officer
    in H.E.I. Co’s. navy 1825–28; second master R.N. May 1828; master
    of 6 different ships 1836–50; master of the Baltic fleet on board
    Duke of Wellington 14 March to 27 Dec. 1854; assistant master
    attendant in Keyham yard, Devonport 26 Feb. 1855 to 5 Nov. 1864;
    master attendant of Woolwich yard 5 Nov. 1864 to Jany. 1868; C.B.
    13 March 1867; staff captain 1 July 1867; knighted at Windsor
    Castle 26 June 1873; granted a Greenwich hospital pension 29 May
    1874; author of _Art of rigging_ 1848; _Remarks on the English
    Channel_ 1850, _6 ed._ 1863; _Naval tactics and trials of sailing_
    1850; _Steam fleet tactics 5 Nov. 1857_. _d._ 68 Granville park,
    Lewisham 22 July 1878. _Autobiography of Sir George Biddlecombe_

  BIDDULPH, EDWARD. Second lieutenant Bengal artillery 1806; lieut.
    col. 6 Dec. 1839 to 6 Oct. 1846; C.B. 22 May 1843. _d._ Fitzroy
    terrace, Regent’s park, London 3 Dec. 1858 aged 70.

  BIDDULPH, ROBERT. _b._ 1801; ed. at Harrow and Brasenose coll. Ox.;
    M.P. for city of Hereford 12 Dec. 1832 to 17 July 1837; sheriff of
    Hereford 1857. _d._ 31 Eaton place, London 28 Feb. 1864.

  BIDDULPH, ROBERT MYDDELTON. _b._ Manchester sq. London 20 June 1805;
    ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox.; M.P. for Denbigh 1830–32, for
    Denbighshire 1832–34 and 1852–68; colonel of Denbigh militia 3
    March 1840 to death; lord lieut. of Denbighshire 1841 to death;
    aide-de-camp to the Queen 1869 to death, _d._ 35 Grosvenor place,
    London 21 March 1872.

  BIDDULPH, SAMUEL. _b._ Hyson Green near Nottingham 23 Dec. 1840; a
    lace maker; professional cricketer; a good batsman and bowler and
    a first-rate wicket keeper; employed by the Marylebone Club at
    Lord’s cricket ground, London 1863 to death, _d._ Mornington st.
    Nottingham 7 March 1876.

  BIDDULPH, SIR THEOPHILUS, 6 Baronet. _b._ East Barnet, Herts 25
    March 1785; succeeded 30 July 1841; sheriff of Warwickshire 1849.
    _d._ Birdingbury hall, Rugby 15 July 1854.

  BIDDULPH, SIR THEOPHILUS WILLIAM, 7 Baronet. _b._ Nursling, Hants 18
    Jany. 1830; succeeded 15 July 1854. _d._ Mentone 1 March 1883.

  BIDDULPH, SIR THOMAS MYDDELTON (_2 son of Robert Biddulph of
    Ledbury, Herefordshire who assumed name of Myddelton and d.
    1843_). _b._ 29 July 1809; ed. at Eton; cornet 1 Life Guards 7
    Oct. 1826; captain 16 May 1834 to 31 Oct. 1851 when placed on
    h.p.; Master of the Queen’s household 16 July 1851 to 3 March 1866
    and 16 July 1878 to death; one of joint keepers of Queen’s privy
    purse 3 March 1866, sole keeper 30 April 1867; receiver general of
    Duchy of Cornwall 31 March 1866; general 1 Oct. 1877; K.C.B. 27
    March 1863; P.C. 22 Dec. 1877. _d._ Abergeldie Mains near Balmoral
    28 Sep. 1878. _bur._ churchyard of Clewer near Windsor 7 Oct.
    _Queen Victoria’s More leaves from the journal of a life in the
    Highlands_ (1884) 375–78; _Graphic xviii_, 392 (1878), _portrait_.

  BIDWELL, JOHN. Superintendent of consular department in Foreign
    Office 15 Jany. 1826 to 30 Sep. 1851 when he retired on pension.
    _d._ Park place, St. James’s st. London 31 Oct. 1853 aged 70.

  BIDWELL, JOHN CARNE (_eld. child of Joseph Bidwell of Exeter,
    merchant_). _b._ Exeter 1815; a merchant at Sydney N.S.W. 1838;
    made an exploring voyage to New Zealand 1839; comr. of crown lands
    and chairman of bench of magistrates for district of Wide Bay
    N.S.W.; discovered the Bunya Bunya tree (afterwards-named after
    him Araucaria Bidwelli) and the Nymphæa gigantea; author of
    _Rambles in New Zealand_ 1841. _d._ Tinana, Maryborough, Australia
    March 1853.

  BIGG, HENRY HEATHER (_son of Mr. Bigg of London, surgical instrument
    maker_). _b._ Dean st. Southwark 23 July 1826; studied at St.
    George’s hospital; a surgical instrument maker in London; made the
    substitutes for lost limbs of our soldiers wounded in Crimean war;
    A.I.C.E. 4 March 1862; author of _On artificial limbs_ 1855;
    _Orthopraxy the mechanical treatment of deformities_ 1865, _3 ed._
    1877; _The gentle treatment of spinal curvature_ 1875. _d._ 56
    Wimpole st. Cavendish sq. London 30 April 1881. _Min. of Proc. of
    Instit. of C.E. lxviii_, 317–20 (1882).

  BIGG, JOHN STANYAN. _b._ Ulverston, Lancashire 14 July 1828; editor
    of the _Ulverston Advertiser_ 1848 to about 1854 and 1860 to
    death, and proprietor 1863 to death; editor of the _Downshire
    Protestant_ about 1854–60; author of _The sea King, a metrical
    romance in 6 cantos_ 1848; _Night and the Soul, a dramatic poem_
    1854; _Alfred Staunton, a novel_ 1860; _Shifting scenes and other
    poems_ 1862. _d._ 7 Hoad terrace, Ulverston 19 May 1865.
    _Ulverston Advertiser 25 May 1865 p._ 4, _col._ 5.

  BIGGAR, WILLIAM. Editor and proprietor of _The railway times_ weekly
    paper. _d._ Thorpe banks, Willow vale, Shepherd’s Bush 27 Dec.
    1872 in 64 year.

  BIGGE, ARTHUR (_7 son of Charles Wm. Bigge of Linden,
    Northumberland_). _b._ 18 May 1818; ed. at Rugby and Univ. coll.
    Ox., B.A. 1840, M.A. 1843; fellow of All Soul’s college, bursar
    1848–58; barrister I.T. 7 June 1844; stipendiary magistrate for
    Brighton (the first) 3 Feb. 1855 to 3 May 1884; started the plan
    of presenting to the deserving aged poor of Brighton on St.
    Thomas’s day annually sum of 10/- each. _d._ 23 Cambridge road
    Hove, Brighton 28 Aug. 1885.

  BIGGE, REV. JOHN FREDERIC. Educ. at Univ. coll. Durham, B.A. 1840,
    M.A. 1843; V. of Ovingham 1841–47; V. of Stamfordham 1847 to
    death; author of many articles in _Transactions of Tyneside
    Naturalists field club_. _d._ Newcastle 28 Feb. 1885 in 71 year.

  BIGGS, JAMES. _b._ Canterbury; bookseller at 18 Strand, London,
    removed to 421 Strand; started 13 May 1843 _The Family Herald or
    useful information and amusement for the million_ in weekly
    numbers and monthly parts, this paper in a few years attained a
    circulation of 260,000 copies per week; founded Biggs’s Charity
    1863 for granting pensions of £10 a year to printers and their
    widows over 55 years of age. _d._ 421 Strand, London 22 May 1859
    aged 64, leaving nearly £50,000 in legacies to about 300 charities
    and individuals.

  BIGGS, JOHN. _b._ Leicester 1801; manufacturer at Leicester; mayor
    1840, 1847 and 1855; M.P. for Leicester 1856–1862; took out a
    patent for lacemaking 1844. _d._ Leicester 4 June 1871.

  BIGGS, WILLIAM. _b._ Leicester 1805; mayor of Leicester 1842 and
    1849; M.P. for Newport, Isle of Wight 9 July 1852 to 21 March
    1857. _d._ Upper Parliament st. Liverpool 3 Oct. 1881 in 77 year.

  BIGLAND, WILSON BRADDYLL. _b._ Bigland hall, Holker, Lancashire 20
    July 1788; entered navy 21 Oct. 1801; captain 6 March 1821;
    retired V.A. 2 Oct. 1857; K.H. 25 Jany. 1836. _d._ Lansdowne
    place, Leamington 19 Nov. 1858.

  BIGNOLD, SIR SAMUEL (_youngest son of Thomas Bignold of Norwich,
    banker_). _b._ Norwich 13 Oct. 1791; secretary of Norwich Union
    Fire insurance company 1814 and of Norwich Union Life insurance
    company 1818; sheriff of Norwich 1830 and mayor 1833, 1848, 1853
    and 1873; knighted by the Queen at St. James’s Palace 3 May 1854;
    M.P. for Norwich 1854–1857. (_m._ 1815 Elizabeth only child of Wm.
    Atkins of Ridlington, Norfolk, she _d._ 30 March 1860). _d._
    Surrey st. Norwich 2 Jany. 1875. _I.L.N. lx_, 181, 189 (1872),

  BIGSBY, JOHN JEREMIAH (_eld. son of John Bigsby of Nottingham,
    physician 1760–1844_). _b._ Nottingham; baptised at St. Peter’s
    church 14 Aug. 1792; ed. at Univ. of Edin., M.D. 1814; assistant
    surgeon in the army 14 March 1816; physician at Newark 1827–46;
    lived in London 1846 to death; F.G.S. 1823, Murchison medallist
    1874, founded Bigsby gold medal 1877; F.R.G.S. 1850; F.R.S. 3 June
    1869; author of _The shoe and canoe, or pictures of travel in the
    Canadas 2 vols._ 1850; _Thesaurus Siluricus the flora and fauna of
    the Silurian period_ 1868; _Thesaurus Devonico-Carboniferus the
    flora and fauna of the Devonian and Carboniferous periods_ 1878.
    _d._ 89 Gloucester place, Portman sq. London 10 Feb. 1881.
    _Quarterly Journal of Geol. Soc. xxxvii_, 39–41 (1881).

  BIGSBY, ROBERT (_only son of Robert Bigsby 1764–1825, registrar of
    archdeaconry of Nottingham_). _b._ Castle gate, Nottingham 11
    April 1806; ed. at Repton school; a virtuoso or collector of
    relics and memorials of illustrious characters; author of _The
    triumph of Drake, a poem_ 1839; _Miscellaneous poems and essays_
    1842; _Visions of the times of old, or the antiquarian enthusiast
    3 vols._ 1848; _Ombo, a dramatic romance in 12 acts_ 1853;
    _Historical and topographical description of Repton_ 1854;
    _Irminsula, or the great pillar, a mythological research_ 1864;
    _Memoir of the order of St. John of Jerusalem_ 1869 and 10 other
    books; granted civil list pension of £100 16 Jany. 1860; member of
    order of St. John of Jerusalem; F.S.A., F.R.S.; a knight of St.
    James of Portugal. _d._ 4 Beaufort terrace, Peckham Rye, London 27
    Sep. 1873. _The Freemason 18 Oct. 1873 p._ 677.

  BILBY, THOMAS. _b._ Southampton 1794; musical composer; best known
    as composer of the hymn tune called “Joyful.” _d._ Islington,
    London 24 Sep. 1872.

  BILLER, GEORGE. _b._ 20 Nov. 1811; solicitor in London; wrote many
    letters to _The Church Advocate_ and other papers on Priestly
    Absolution; author of _Rhymes, reasons and recollections from the
    common-place books of a Sexagenarian_ 1876; _A few suggestions on
    Prayer book reform_ 1878. _d._ 43 Agate road, Hammersmith 24 April

  BILLING, ARCHIBALD (_son of Theodore Billing of Cromlyn, co.
    Dublin_). _b._ Cromlyn 10 Jany. 1791; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub.,
    B.A. 1811, M.B. 1814, M.A. and M.D. 1818; incorporated M.D. at
    Oxford 22 Oct. 1818; physician in London 1818 to death; F.R.C.P.
    22 Dec. 1819, Censor 1823, Consiliarius 1852 and 1855–57; the
    first in London to organise a system of practical teaching at the
    bedside and to give it full effect by regular clinical lectures;
    physician to London Hospital 2 July 1822 to 4 June 1845; member of
    senate of Univ. of London 1836 to death; F.R.S. 6 June 1844;
    author of _First principles of medicine_ 1831, _6 ed._ 1868; _On
    the treatment of Asiatic cholera_ 1848; _Practical observations on
    diseases of the lungs and heart_ 1852; _The science of gems,
    jewels, coins and medals_ 1867. _d._ 34 Park lane, London 2 Sep.
    1881. _Medical Circular i_, 243–45 (1852), _portrait_; _I.L.N.
    lxxix_, 272 (1881), _portrait_; _Graphic xxiv_, 389 (1881),

  BILLING, RICHARD ANNESLEY. _b._ 1814; called to bar in Ireland Nov.
    1839; practised at Dublin; admitted to bar at Melbourne 23 Oct.
    1856; lecturer in law at Melbourne Univ.; Q.C. 1878; county court
    judge for western division of Victoria April 1882 to death. _d._
    Melbourne 21 June 1882.

  BILLINGE, MARY (_dau. of Charles Billinge of Eccleston near
    Prescot_). _b._ Eccleston 6 Nov. 1772. _d._ Edge lane, Liverpool
    20 Dec. 1863 aged 91, but generally reputed to be 112 and so
    recorded in the 26th report of the Registrar General. _W. J.
    Thoms’s Human longevity_ (1873) 34–37, 105–13.

  BILLINGS, ELKANAH (_2 son of Bradish Billings, of Gloucester near
    Ottawa, then called Bytown, farmer_). _b._ Gloucester 5 May 1820;
    ed. at Ottawa and Potsdam in state of New York; admitted attorney
    at Toronto 1844; called to bar at Toronto 1845; practised at
    Ottawa 1845–48, and at Renfrew 1849–52; edited the _Citizen_ paper
    at Ottawa 1852–55; palæontologist to Geological survey of Canada
    at Montreal 1 Aug. 1856 to death; visited Europe 1858; F.G.S.
    April 1858; published the _Canadian Naturalist_ Feb. 1856, edited
    the first vol. and wrote 55 out of the 63 papers in it;
    contributed to _Silliman’s Journal_; presented his fine collection
    of Star fishes, Cystideans and Crinoids to museum of Geological
    survey of Canada. _d._ Montreal 14 June 1876. _Canadian Naturalist
    viii_, 251–61 (1878); _Quarterly journal of Geol. Soc. xxxiii_,
    48–50 (1877).

  BILLINGS, ROBERT WILLIAM. _b._ London 1813; pupil of John Britton,
    topographical draughtsman 1813–20; illustrated Godwin’s _History
    of St. Paul’s Cathedral_ 1837; _Illustrations of the Temple
    Church, London_, 1838; _Baronial and ecclesiastical antiquities of
    Scotland 240 illustrations 4 vols._ 1845–52; restored the chapel
    of Edinburgh Castle; built Castle Wemyss, Renfrewshire. _d._ The
    Moulinère, Putney, Surrey 14 Nov. 1874. _Builder xxxii_, 982, 1035

  BILLINGTON, WILLIAM (_son of a contractor for road making_). _b._
    the Yew Trees, Samlesbury near Blackburn 1827; worked in cotton
    mills at Blackburn 1839; a beerseller at Blackburn; wrote a ballad
    called _Th’ Shurat Weyvur_ 14,000 copies of which were sold at
    time of Lancashire cotton famine; author of _Sheen and shade_
    1861; _Lancashire poems with other sketches_ 1883, some copies of
    which have a _portrait_ of him. _d._ 2 Bradshaw st. Blackburn 3
    Jany. 1884 aged 56.

  BINDLEY, CHARLES. _b._ 1796; author of following books all written
    under pseudonym of Harry Hieover; _Stable talk and table talk, 2
    vols._ 1845–46, _portrait_; _The pocket and the stud_ 1848,
    _portrait_; _The stud for practical purposes and practical men_
    1849; _Practical horsemanship_ 1850; _The hunting field_ 1850;
    _Bipeds and quadrupeds_ 1853; _Sporting facts and sporting
    fancies_ 1853; _The world how to square it_ 1854; _Hints to
    horsemen_ 1856; _Precept and practice_ 1857; _The sportsman’s
    friend in a frost_ 1857; _The sporting world_ 1858 and _Things
    worth knowing about horses_ 1859. _d._ at house of Sir Thomas
    Barrett-Lennard, 7 Lewes crescent, Brighton 12 Feb. 1859.

  BINDON, SAMUEL HENRY. _b._ Ireland 1812; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin,
    B.A. 1835; called to Irish bar Nov. 1838; practised at Dublin;
    went out to Victoria 1855; called to bar at Melbourne 22 May 1855;
    member of legislative assembly of Victoria 1864–69; minister of
    justice 1866–1869; county court judge at Sale, Victoria 1869 to
    death except a short time, during which the Berry ministry took
    all the judges of county courts off the bench, the day when this
    was done 9 Jany. 1878 was known as _Black Wednesday_; had a
    prominent share in establishment of technological classes in large
    places. _d._ Melbourne 1 Aug. 1879 in 67 year.

  BINFIELD, JOHN BILSON (_son of Mr. Binfield of Reading, organist who
    d. 1839_). _b._ Reading 1805; organist of St. Giles’s church
    Reading many years; author of _The choral service of the Church_
    1846; editor and compiler of _The Reading psalmody_ 1847; set Dean
    Milman’s _Martyr of Antioch_ to music. _d._ Devizes 28 June 1875.

  BINGE, JOHN BULL (_son of a Sheffield cutler_). First appeared in
    London May 1839 at Strand theatre in Lee’s adaptation of Auber’s
    opera _The fairy lake_; sang at Covent Garden theatre 1840–42;
    known as The singing mouse from his small voice; kept a toyshop in
    the Lowther Arcade; sec. to Covent Garden theatrical fund 1869 to
    death. _d._ New Malden, Surrey 21 Nov. 1878 aged about 63.

  BINGHAM, CHARLES. _b._ 1 June 1815; 2 lieut. R.A. 20 June 1832;
    brigade major at Woolwich 1849–54; deputy adjutant general to R.A.
    1 April 1858 to death; colonel R.A. 20 Jany. 1863 to death. (_m._
    13 March 1841 Williamina Henrietta dau. of John Mackintosh, M.D.
    of Edinburgh, she was granted a civil list pension of £150, 19
    June 1865). _d._ Brighton 6 April 1864.

  BINGHAM, REV. CHARLES WILLIAM (_youngest son of Rev. Wm. Bingham
    1771–1810, R. of Cameley, Somerset_). _b._ 28 Sep. 1810; ed. at
    New coll. Ox., fellow, B.A. 1833, M.A. 1836; V. of Sydling St.
    Nicholas Dorset 1838–46; R. of Melcombe Horsey, Dorset 23 Feb.
    1842 to death; preb. of Salisbury 1876 to death; author of
    _Commentaries on the four last books of the Pentateuch translated
    from the Latin of John Calvin 4 vols._ 1852–55; a frequent
    contributor to _Notes and Queries_ 1850 to death. _d._ Bingham’s
    Melcombe 1 Dec. 1881.

  BINGHAM, HENRY. Second lieut. 60 Rifles 30 April 1827, lieut. col.
    19 June 1857 to 1865; inspecting field officer 1865–70; M.G. 6
    March 1868. _d._ Wolverton house, co. Dublin 1 Oct. 1878.

  BINGHAM, PEREGRINE (_elder son of Rev. Peregrine Bingham 1754–1826,
    R. of Edmundesham, Dorset_). _b._ 1788; ed. at Winchester and
    Magd. coll. Ox., B.A. 1810; barrister M.T. 27 Nov. 1818; recorder
    of Southampton 5 Nov. 1830 to July 1840; contested Southampton 9
    Jany. 1835; police magistrate at Worship st. London 1841, at Great
    Marlborough st. 1846–60; lived at 35 Gordon square, London 1842 to
    death; author of _The law and practice of judgments and
    executions_ 1815; _The law of infancy and coverture_ 1816; _A
    system of shorthand_ 1821; _Reports of cases in Court of Common
    Pleas and other courts 10 vols._ 1824–34; _New cases in the Court
    of Common Pleas and other courts 6 vols._ 1835–41; one of chief
    contributors to _Westminster Review_, wrote 5 articles in the
    first number Jany. 1824. _d._ 35 Gordon sq. London 1 Nov. 1864.

  BINGHAM, REV. RICHARD (_son of Rev. Isaac Moody Bingham, R. of
    Runwell, Essex who d. 1807_). _b._ 1 April 1765; ed. at Winchester
    and New coll. Ox., fellow, B.A. 1787, B.C.L. 1801; P.C. of Trinity
    church, Gosport 1790 to death; V. of Great Hale, Lincs. 1796 to
    death; preb. of Chichester cathedral 22 July 1807 to death;
    sentenced to 6 months imprisonment in county gaol at Winchester 26
    Nov. 1813 for having illegally obtained a license for a public
    house when no such house was in existence; published by
    subscription third ed. of Joseph Bingham’s _Origines
    Ecclesiasticæ_ 1829. _d._ Newhouse, Gosport 18 July 1858.
    _Proceedings in a trial, the King against Rev. Richard Bingham_

  BINGHAM, REV. RICHARD (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ 1798; ed.
    at Magd. hall Ox., B.A. 1821, M.A. 1827; C. of Trinity church,
    Gosport 1821–43; P.C. of Ch. Ch. Harwood, Bolton 1844–52; C. of
    St. Mary’s Marylebone 1853–56; P.C. of Queenborough, Kent 1856–70;
    edited _The works of the Rev. Joseph Bingham 10 vols., Clarendon
    Press Oxford_ 1855; author of _Liturgia Recusa or suggestions for
    revising the services of the United church of England and Ireland_
    1860; _Liturgiæ recusæ exemplar, The Prayer book as it might be_
    1863; _The Gospel according to Isaiah_ 1870; _Hymnologia
    Christiana Latina_ 1871. _d._ Sutton, Surrey 22 Jany. 1872.

  BINGHAM, RICHARD CAMDEN. _b._ 2 May 1801; chargé d´affaires at
    Venezuela 23 Nov. 1852 to 31 Aug. 1858. _d._ 23 Jany. 1872.

  BINNEY, EDWARD WILLIAM. _b._ Morton, Notts. 1812; solicitor at
    Manchester 1836; conducted the case for the Claimant in the great
    Chadwick law suit Nov. 1847; a paraffin oil manufacturer in
    Scotland; chief founder and sec. of Manchester geological society
    Oct. 1838, pres. 1857–59 and 1865–67, contributed 33 papers to the
    Transactions 1839–72; member of Manchester literary and
    philosophical society Jan. 1842, president to death; F.G.S. 1853,
    F.R.S. 5 June 1856; possessed the most exact knowledge of coal
    fields of Lancashire and Cheshire and of the geology of the whole
    district. _d._ Cheetham hill, Manchester 19 Dec. 1881. _Trans. of
    Geol. Soc. of Manchester xvi_, 256–59 (1882); _Proc. of Manchester
    Lit. and Philos. Soc. xxi_, 142–48 (1882).

  BINNEY, REV. THOMAS. _b._ Newcastle-on-Tyne April 1798; apprenticed
    to Mr. Angas of Newcastle, bookseller 1813–20; ed. at Wymondley
    college Herts 1820–23; minister of the New meeting, Bedford 1823;
    minister of St. James’s st. chapel Newport, Isle of Wight Aug.
    1824 to July 1829; ordained 29 Dec. 1824; minister of King’s
    Weighhouse Chapel Eastcheap, London July 1829 to 4 July 1869,
    where foundation stone of new chapel was laid 16 Oct. 1833; went
    to the United States and Canada 1845 and to Australia 1857; LLD.
    Univ. of Aberdeen 1852; chairman of Congregational Union of
    England and Wales 1848; founded the Colonial Missionary Society
    1836; author of _Illustrations of the practical power of faith_
    1830, _3 ed._ 1856; _Conscientious clerical nonconformity_ 1839,
    _5 ed._ 1860; _Is it possible to make the best of both worlds, a
    book for young men_ 1853, this book sold at the rate of 100 a day
    for many months, it was translated into several languages; _St.
    Paul his life and ministry_ 1866; author of three Letters under
    pseud. of _Fiat Justitia_ 1831, and of _The Great Gorham case_
    1850, and several other pamphlets under pseud. of _John Search_;
    author of a pamphlet called _Leicester Gaol by A. Balance, Esq. of
    the Middle Temple_ 1841. _d._ Doric lodge, High road, Upper
    Clapton 24 Feb. 1874. _Sermons by T. Binney second series, edited
    by Henry Allon_ (1875) _xiii-lxvi_, _portrait_; _A memorial of the
    late Rev. T. Binney, edited by Rev. J. Stoughton_ 1874; _T.
    Binney, his mind, life and opinions by Rev. E. P. Hood_ 1874; _The
    lamps of the temple 3 ed._ (1865) 146–87; _Contemporary Review
    xxiii_, 884–97 (1874); _Graphic ix_, 218 (1874), _portrait_. He is
    introduced as Canon Burney into the novels called _The master of
    Marton_ 1864 and _Diary of a novelist_ 1870 _by Eliza Tabor_.

  BINNS, EDWARD. M.D.; author of _The anatomy of sleep or the art of
    procuring sound and refreshing slumber at will_ 1842; _Prodromus
    towards a philosophical inquiry into the intellectual powers of
    the negro_ 1844. _d._ Lucca, Jamaica 10 Feb. 1851.

  BINNS, JOHN (_son of Mr. Binns of Dublin, ironmonger who d. 1774_).
    _b._ Dublin 22 Dec. 1772; apprenticed to a soapboiler 1786; a
    member of the London Corresponding Society 1794 which became the
    greatest political association in Great Britain, chairman of its
    general committee 6 months in 1795; connected with the United
    Irishmen; left London for France 21 Feb. 1798 but arrested at
    Margate 27 Feb. and after an examination by the Privy Council
    committed to Tower of London; tried for high treason at Maidstone
    May 1798 when acquitted; confined in Clerkenwell prison, then in
    Gloucester prison till March 1801; sailed for America July 1801;
    started a newspaper called _The Republican Argus_ at
    Northumberland, Pennsylvania March 1802; edited at Philadelphia
    March 1807 to 1829 _Democratic Press_ which soon became leading
    paper in the state; alderman of Philadelphia Dec. 1822 to 1844.
    _d._ Philadelphia 16 June 1860. _Recollections of the life of John
    Binns_ 1854, _portrait_.

  BINNS, THOMAS. Head master of the Friends’ school, Grove house,
    Tottenham 1828; member of Committee of British and Foreign Bible
    Society 1852–68, chairman of the Editorial Sub-Committee. _d._
    Rockley near Bristol 2 Dec. 1872 aged 74. _Annual Monitor for
    1874_ 6–10.

  BINSTEAD, CHEESMAN HENRY. _b._ 1797; entered navy 10 June 1810;
    agent for transports afloat 1828–34; captain 7 March 1853; retired
    V.A. 30 July 1875. _d._ South parade, Wakefield 26 Nov. 1876.

  BINYON, EDWARD. _b._ Manchester 1828; landscape painter both in oil
    and water colours; contributed to exhibitions of Royal Academy and
    Dudley Gallery 1857–76; his picture ‘The bay of Mentone’ has
    frequently been reproduced; lived in island of Capri many years.
    _d._ 5 Via Piazza, Capri 18 July 1876.

  BIRCH, REV. HENRY MILDRED (_eld. son of Rev. Wm. Henry Rous Birch,
    R. of Southwold, Suffolk_). _b._ Bedfield rectory, Suffolk 1820;
    ed. at Eton and King’s coll. Cam., scholar 1839, Craven scholar
    1841, B.A. 1843, M.A. 1846; fellow of his college 1843, members
    prizeman 1844; assistant master at Eton; tutor to Prince of Wales
    6 Aug. 1848 to 1851; R. of Prestwich, Lancs. 1852–84; chaplain in
    ordinary to the Queen 27 Feb. 1852; B.D. Lambeth 1862; hon.
    chaplain to Prince of Wales 16 Feb. 1863; canon of Ripon 29 June
    1868 to death; proctor in convocation 1868, 1874 and 1880 to
    death, _d._ St. Leonard’s lodge, Windsor 29 June 1884. _I.L.N.
    xlii_, 456 (1863), _portrait_.

  BIRCH, JAMES WHEELER WOODFORD (_eld. son of Rev. James Wheeler
    Birch, V. of All Saint’s, Hertford_). member of Ceylon civil
    service 1846–70; colonial sec. of the Straits Settlements May
    1870; British resident in Malay state of Perak Nov. 1874 to death;
    assassinated by the Malays at Perak 2 Nov. 1875.

  BIRCH, JOHN FRANCIS. Second lieut. R.A. 18 Sep. 1793; second lieut.
    R.E. 1 Jany. 1794, colonel R.E. 29 July 1825, colonel commandant
    19 Oct. 1847 to death; C.B. 26 Sep. 1831; general 20 June 1854;
    served in Flanders, Holland, Egypt and Spain. _d._ Folkestone 29
    May 1856 aged 79.

  BIRCH, SIR RICHARD JAMES HOLWELL (_son of Richard Comyns Birch, of
    Bengal civil service_). _b._ Calcutta 1803; entered Bengal army
    1821; studied at Trin. coll. Cam. 1823–24; judge advocate general
    to the forces in Bengal 1841–52; military secretary to government
    of India 1854 to 31 Dec. 1861 when he retired; M.G. 4 May 1858;
    C.B. 5 June 1849, K.C.B. 18 May 1860. _d._ Venice 25 Feb. 1875.
    _I.L.N. lxvi_, 259 (1875).

  BIRCH, ROBERT HENRY. _b._ 1771; second lieut. R.A. 9 March 1795;
    colonel 10 Jany. 1837 to 9 Nov. 1846, col. commandant 12 Aug. 1849
    to death; M.G. 9 Nov. 1846. _d._ Dublin 29 June 1851.

  BIRCH, SAMUEL (_eld. son of Rev. Samuel Birch, R. of St. Mary
    Woolnoth, City of London who d. 1848_). _b._ London 3 Nov. 1813;
    ed. at Merchant Taylors’ school 1826–31; employed in Public record
    office 1834; assistant in department of Antiquities of British
    Museum Jany. 1836, assistant keeper 1844; keeper of the Oriental
    Mediæval and British antiquities and Ethnographical collections
    1861 to death; corresponding member of Archæological Institute of
    Rome 1839, of Berlin Academy 1851, of Academy of inscriptions of
    French Institute 1861; LLD. St. Andrews 1862; determined the
    ancient Cypriote to be a Greek language 1872; presided over
    Congress of Orientalists held in London 14 Sep. 1874; received
    German order of the Crown Nov. 1874; Rede lecturer Univ. of Cam.
    for 1876; LLD. Cam. 1875; hon. fellow of Queen’s coll. Ox. 1875;
    D.C.L. Ox. 1876; author of _Gallery of antiquities_ 1842;
    _Introduction to the study of hieroglyphics_ 1857; _History of
    ancient pottery_ 1857, _2 ed._ 1873; edited _Records of the past
    12 vols._ 1873–77; _The manners and customs of the ancient
    Egyptians by Sir J. G. Wilkinson_, _new ed. 3 vols._ 1878. _d._ 64
    Caversham road, Kentish Town, London 27 Dec. 1885. _Times 29 Dec.
    1885 p._ 8, _col._ 3; _Athenæum 2 Jany. 1886 pp._ 34–35; _Dublin
    Univ. Mag. xc_, 53–60 (1877), _portrait_; _I.L.N. lxxxviii_, 64
    (1886), _portrait_.

  BIRCH, SYLVESTER DOUGLAS. A writer in Madras civil service 1830;
    secretary and treasurer of Bank of Madras 1843; accountant general
    at Bombay, pres. of the mint committee and government director of
    Bank of Bombay 1859 to 28 Feb. 1865 when he retired on an annuity.
    _d._ San Remo, Italy 4 Feb. 1881.

  BIRCH, SIR THOMAS BERNARD, 2 Baronet. _b._ 18 March 1791; succeeded
    22 Aug. 1833; sheriff of Lancs. 1841; M.P. for Liverpool 30 July
    1847 to 1 July 1852. _d._ The Hazles Prescot near Liverpool 3
    March 1880.

  BIRCH, THOMAS JACOB (_2 son of Wyrley Birch of Wretham hall near
    Thetford, Norfolk 1781–1866_). _b._ 15 Oct. 1806; ed. at Eton and
    Brasenose coll. Ox., B.A. 1828, M.A. 1831; barrister I.T. 18 Nov.
    1831; recorder of Thetford March 1839 to Dec. 1866; judge of
    Norfolk county courts (circuit 32) March 1847 to death. _d._
    Ballycroy, Mayo 26 April 1868.

  BIRCHALL, REV. JOSEPH (_son of John Birchall of Prescot,
    watchmaker_). _b._ Prescot 1805; ed. at Manchester school and
    Brasn. Coll. Ox., Somerset scholar 1825, B.A. 1828, M.A. 1830; C.
    of Newbury, Berks. 1831–38; R. of Church, Lancashire 1840 to
    death; proctor in Convocation for Archd. of Manchester; author of
    _Occasional Sermons_ 1840; _Ecclesiastical Synods_ 1868. _d._
    Church rectory 27 Oct. 1878.

  BIRCHAM, FRANCIS THOMAS (_youngest son of Samuel Bircham of Booton
    hall, Norfolk_). _b._ Booton hall 1810; admitted solicitor 1833;
    practised in London to 1882; solicitor to London and South Western
    railway 1834–82; pres. of Incorporated law society 1874–75. _d._
    Burhill near Walton-on-Thames 25 Nov. 1883. Personalty sworn
    upward of £161,000 3 March 1884; his correct name was Thomas
    Francis Bircham, but he always called himself Francis Thomas

  BIRD, REV. CHARLES SMITH (_5 child of William Bird of Liverpool,
    West Indian Merchant, who d. 1814_). _b._ Union st. Liverpool 28
    May 1795; articled to Stanistreet and Eden of Liverpool,
    solicitors Feb. 1812, released from articles 1814; entered Trin.
    coll. Cam. 1816, scholar 1818, 3 Wr. and 2 Smith’s prizeman 1820,
    Fell. of his coll. Sep. 1820; C. of Burghfield, Berks. 1823–44;
    took pupils 1823–44; F.L.S. 4 March 1828; C. of Sulhamstead 1840;
    V. of Gainsborough 1843–59; preb. of Lincoln 16 June 1843;
    chancellor of Lincoln June 1859 to death, instituted and installed
    16 July 1859; edited a monthly periodical called _The Reading
    church guardian_ 1839–40; author of _For ever and other devotional
    poems_ 1833; _Transubstantiation tried by Scripture and reason_
    1839; _The baptismal privileges, the baptismal vow, and the means
    of grace considered in 6 Lent lectures_ 1841, _2 ed._ 1843; _The
    eve of the Crucifixion_ 1858. _d._ The Chancery, Lincoln 9 Nov.
    1862. _Sketches from the life of Rev. Charles S. Bird by Rev.
    Claude S. Bird_ (1864), _portrait_.

  BIRD, EDWARD JOSEPH (_son of Rev. Godfrey Bird, R. of Little
    Waltham, Essex_). Entered navy 9 Sep. 1812; attempted to reach
    North Pole from Spitzbergen in the Hecla 1825, penetrated a little
    beyond 82° 45´ a latitude more northern than had ever been
    attained; 1 lieut. of the Erebus in Antarctic expedition 1839–43;
    captain of the Investigator 1848–49; admiral on h.p. 11 Dec. 1875.
    _d._ The Wilderness, Witham 3 Dec. 1881 in 83 year.

  BIRD, FREDERIC. _b._ Colchester 23 Jany. 1818; ed. at Guy’s
    Hospital; surgeon in Craven st. Strand 1841; performed operation
    of ovariotomy for ovarian dropsy 26 June 1843, being one of the
    pioneers of that treatment; lectured on forensic medicine at
    Westminster Hospital, obstetric physician there 1861; phys. to the
    Maternity Charity; edited _Provincial (now British) Medical
    Journal_. _d._ 13 Grosvenor st. London 28 April 1874. _Medical
    Circular i_, 229 (1852); _Medical times and gazette i_, 519

  BIRD, GEORGE. Writer Madras civil service 1821; judge and criminal
    judge of Canara 1835–38 and 1839–42; civil and session judge
    Coimbatore 1844–47 and 1850–51; resigned the service 25 Feb. 1851.
    _d._ England 20 July 1880.

  BIRD, GOLDING. _b._ Downham, Norfolk 9 Dec. 1814; studied at Guy’s
    hospital London 1832; lecturer on natural philosophy there
    1836–43; L.S.A. 21 Jany. 1836, M.D. St. Andrews 24 April 1838
    being only place where a degree could be obtained without
    residing, M.A. 18 April 1840; physician to Finsbury dispensary
    1838–43; L.R.C.P. 1840, F.R.C.P. 1845; assistant phys. at Guy’s
    hospital and lecturer on materia medica 1843 to 4 Aug. 1853;
    F.L.S. 1836, F.R.S. 22 Jany. 1846; author of _The elements of
    natural philosophy_ 1839, _6 ed._ 1867; _Urinary deposits their
    diagnosis pathology and therapeutical indications_ 1844, _5 ed._
    1857. _d._ Camden park, Tunbridge Wells 27 Oct. 1854.
    _Biographical sketch by J. H. Balfour_ 1855; _Medical Circular
    iii_, 129 (1853), _portrait_.

  BIRD, JAMES. Ed. at King’s college Aberdeen 1810, M.A. 1814;
    apprenticed to his maternal uncle Dr. Scott of Elgin 1812–15;
    studied at Guy’s and St. Thomas’s hospitals; M.R.C.S. Sep. 1816;
    assistant surgeon H.E.I. Co’s. Bombay service 2 Aug. 1818;
    residency surgeon at Sattara 1826–32; superintending surgeon of
    Belgaum division of the army 1840–43 and of Presidency division
    1843–44; physician general to Bombay medical board 1844 to 1 Dec.
    1847 when he retired. _d._ Fern acre lodge, Gerrards Cross, Bucks.
    10 July 1864 aged 67.

  BIRD, JAMES. Solicitor in London; coroner for West Middlesex 9 July
    1862 to death. _d._ Phœnix lodge, Brook Green, Hammersmith 7 Jany.

  BIRD, JAMES. _b._ Cardiff Feb. 1802; ed. at St. Bartholomew’s
    hospital; L.S.A. 1821, M.R.C.S. 1825; surgeon at Cardiff 1825–32;
    surgeon in London 1832 to 1856; joint sec. with Henry Ancell to
    the British medical association; author of _Private devotions for
    girls_ 1874. _d._ 80 Seymour st. Portman sq. London 4 June 1874.
    _Medical Circular i_, 263 (1852).

  BIRD, REV. JOHN. _b._ Betchworth, Surrey 14 Sep. 1783; ed. at
    Stonyhurst college; ordained priest 10 Dec. 1808; professed of the
    4 vows 2 Feb. 1819; rector of St. Aloysius’ college 26 June 1832
    to 18 May 1839 and 15 Sep. 1841; missioner at Pontefract 1842–48;
    superior of St. George’s Residence, Worcester Nov. 1850 to death.
    _d._ 8 June 1853.

  BIRD, LOUIS SAUNDERS. Ensign Bengal Infantry 26 Nov. 1808; col. 23
    Bengal N.I. 17 April 1856–1869; L.G. 22 Feb. 1870. _d._ Clevedon,
    Somerset 17 April 1874 aged 81.

  BIRD, ROBERT MERTTINS. _b._ 1788; Bengal civil servant; assistant to
    registrar of Court of Sadr Diwàni Adàlat at Calcutta 9 Nov. 1808;
    comr. of revenue and circuit for the Gorakhpur division 1829;
    member of board of revenue at Allahabad 1832; revised settlement
    of land revenue of North western provinces 1833–41, the most
    complete settlement that had yet been made in India; retired to
    England 1842; active member of committee of the Church Missionary
    Society. _d._ Torquay 22 Aug. 1853. _Dict. of nat. biog. v_, 78

  BIRD, ROBERT NICHOLAS. Ensign 20 Foot 30 Aug. 1859; lieut. 2 Dec.
    1862 to death; murdered by Japanese at Kamahura about 17 miles
    from Yokohama 21 Nov. 1864. _R. Lindau’s Erzählungen und Novellen
    i_, 15–54 (1871); _F. O. Adams’s History of Japan i_, 485–98
    (1874), _ii_, 1–5 (1875).

  BIRD, WILLIAM WILBERFORCE (_eld. son of Wm. Wilberforce Bird of the
    Spring, Kenilworth, M.P. for Coventry_). _b._ 1784; ed. at Warwick
    and Geneva; writer in H.E.I. Co.’s civil service at Calcutta 11
    July 1803; third ordinary member of council of India 21 March
    1838; senior member of board of customs salt and opium and of the
    marine board 17 Sep. 1838; deputy governor of Bengal 4 times;
    pres. of the council 1840–44; governor general of India 15 June
    1844 to 23 July 1844; very instrumental in abolition of suttee and
    suppression of slavery; retired to England 1844. _d._ 22 Sussex
    sq. Hyde Park, London 1 June 1857.

  BIRDWOOD, CHRISTOPHER. _b._ 1806; ensign 3 Bombay N.I. 3 May 1825;
    commissariat officer of Malwa field force 1839–41; colonel Bombay
    staff corps 9 Nov. 1868; general 1 Oct. 1877. _d._ Pucklechurch
    near Bristol 4 July 1882 in 76 year. _Graphic xxvi_, 221 (1882),

  BIRKETT, REV. GEORGE WILLIAM. Educ. at St. John’s coll. Cam.,
    scholar, B.A. 1823, M.A. 1827; V. of St. Florence near Tenby 1829
    to death; author of _The trial of creation and other poems_ 1848.
    _d._ Tenby 26 Nov. 1877 aged 78.

  BIRKIN, RICHARD (_eld. son of Richard Birkin of Belper, calico
    weaver_). _b._ Belper 6 July 1805; lace manufacturer at New
    Basford, Nottingham with Mr. Biddle 1826–47; juror on behalf of
    Nottingham for lace goods in International Exhibitions 1851 and
    1862; mayor of Nottingham 1850, 55, 62 and 63; used mohair as a
    material for lace being the first to do so either in England or
    France. _d._ Aspley hall, Radford, Nottingham 10 Oct. 1870. _J. B.
    Robinson’s Derbyshire gatherings_ (1866) 70–72, _portrait_; _W.
    Felkin’s History of hosiery_ (1867) 368–71.

  BIRKINSHAW, JOHN CASS. _b._ Bedlington iron works Durham 1811; the
    first articled pupil of Robert Stephenson at Newcastle; engineer
    of London end of London and Birmingham railway 1835; engineer of
    Birmingham and Derby railway 1837–42; engineer of many railways
    projected but not made; engineer of Danish land company 1865;
    M.I.C.E. 2 March 1847; took out a patent 1820 for wrought or
    malleable iron rails instead of cast iron as used up to that time.
    _d._ March 1867 in 56 year. _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    xxxi_, 202–207 (1871).

  BIRKS, REV. THOMAS RAWSON (_younger son of Mr. Birks of Staveley,
    Derbyshire, farmer_). _b._ Staveley 28 Sep. 1810; ed. at
    Chesterfield, Mill Hill and Trin. coll. Cam., scholar, fellow
    1834–44, 2 wrangler and 2 Smith’s prizemen Jany. 1834; R. of
    Kelshall, Herts 1844 to 1864; hon. sec. to Evangelical Alliance
    1850–71; P.C. of Holy Trinity Cam. 1865–77; hon. canon of Ely
    cathedral 1871 to death; professor of moral theology, casuistical
    divinity and moral philosophy at Cambridge 30 April 1872 to death;
    published an edition of Paley’s _Horæ Paulinæ_ with notes and a
    supplementary treatise entitled _Horæ Apostolicæ_ 1850; author of
    _Horæ Evangelicæ_ 1852; _The Bible and modern thought_ 1861;
    _Commentary on the book of Isaiah_ 1871, _2 ed._ 1878; _First
    principles of moral science_ 1873; _Modern Utilitarianism_ 1874;
    _Supernatural revelation_ 1879 and many other books. _d._ 6
    Salisbury villas, Cambridge 19 July 1883. _Record 27 July 1883 p._

  BIRLEY, HUGH. _b._ Blackburn 21 Oct. 1817; ed. at Winchester; a
    partner in firm of Macintosh and Co. india-rubber manufacturers;
    chairman of National educational union; M. P. for Manchester 1868
    to death. _d._ Moorland, Withington, Manchester 9 Sep. 1883.

  BIRMINGHAM, JOHN. _b._ 1816; lived at Millbrook near Tuam;
    discovered a remarkable new star in Corona Borealis 12 May 1866;
    author of _Catalogue of red stars_ in _Transactions of Royal Irish
    Academy xxvi_, 249 (1879); Cunningham medallist of the Academy
    1884; discovered 22 May 1881 a deep red star in Cygnus which
    proved strikingly variable and became known by his name; author of
    a small poetical work entitled _Anglicania or England’s mission to
    the Celt_ 1863. _d._ Millbrook 7 Sep. 1884.

  BIRMINGHAM, VERY REV. PATRICK. Dean of the lay college and professor
    of humanity Carlow college 1851 to July 1854 when he went to
    Australia; vice pres. and professor of theology at Carlow college
    Sep. 1864 to July 1871 when he went again to Australia. _d._
    Fitzroy sq. London 9 Sep. 1883.

  BIRNIE, ALEXANDER. _b._ Morayshire 1826; a baptist minister at
    Preston; walked to Falkirk 1860; a painter at the Carron works
    Falkirk; wrote articles in _Falkirk Advertiser_ under signature of
    Cock of the Steeple; started the _Falkirk Liberal_ a penny weekly
    paper 1861 which soon collapsed; having been without food or drink
    for a fortnight, he entered the workhouse Morpeth where he _d._
    March 1862.

  BIRRELL, DAVID. _b._ 15 Sep. 1800; entered Bengal army 1817;
    commanded a brigade at battle of Sobraon 10 Feb. 1846; lieut. col.
    51 N.I. 1851, of 52 N.I. 1852 and of 72 N.I. 1857 to 1858; M.G. 25
    April 1858; general 23 July 1876. _d._ 28 Oct. 1878.

  BIRT, WILLIAM RADCLIFF. _b._ 15 July 1804; employed by Sir John
    Herschel in the reduction and arrangement of his barometric
    observations; investigated subject of atmospheric waves for the
    British Association; reduced and discussed electrical observations
    made at Kew 1848; F.R.A.S. 14 Jany. 1859; the first pres. of the
    Selenographical society 1877 or 1878 to death; author of
    _Hurricane and Sailor’s guide_ 1850; _Handbook of the law of
    storms_ 1854, _new ed._ 1878. _d._ Leytonstone, Essex 14 Dec.
    1881. _Monthly notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xlii_, 142–43

  BIRTWHISTLE, JOHN. Ensign 32 Foot 14 April 1813; major 19 Jany. 1839
    to 12 March 1841 when placed on h.p; M.G. 28 Aug. 1865. _d._
    Cheltenham 6 Oct. 1867 aged 75.

  BISHOP, ANNE (_dau. of Daniel Riviére of London, artist_). _b._
    London 1814; student at Royal academy of music June 1824 to June
    1828; a singer at Philharmonic concerts 1831; one of chief singers
    at Vauxhall gardens, the Oratorio concerts and country festivals;
    went abroad with R. N. C. Bochsa the harpist 1839; sang at 260
    concerts in chief cities of Europe Sept. 1839 to May 1843; sang
    with great success at St. Petersburg 1840–41 and in Italy 1843–46;
    appeared in 20 operas at the San Carlo, Naples; went to America
    1846 where she appeared at Park theatre New York 4 Aug. 1847 as
    Linda; went to Australia 1855; sang at the Crystal palace London
    1858; gave her farewell concert at Surrey music hall 17 Aug. 1859;
    sang in Canada, Mexico and Havana 1859–65; went to California
    1865; wrecked on her way from Honolulu to China Feb. 1866; arrived
    in India 1867; sang in Australia 1868; re-appeared at Steinway
    hall New York Jany. 1881. (_m._ (1) 1832 Sir Henry Rowley Bishop
    1786–1855. _m._ (2) at New York 30 April 1858, Martin Schultz).
    _d._ New York 18 March 1884. _Drawing room portrait gallery of
    eminent personages, third series_ 1860, _portrait_; _N. P.
    Willis’s Hurry-graphs, 2 ed._ (1851) 200–203.

  BISHOP, REV. DANIEL GODFREY. Head master of Buntingford gr. sch.
    Herts. 1841–74; V. of Tibshelf near Alfreton, Derbyshire 1874 to
    death; author of numerous articles upon biblical criticism,
    classical literature, and general biography in _Penny Cyclopædia_.
    _d._ Briston vicarage, Norfolk 14 April 1880 in 86 year.

  BISHOP, REV. FRANCIS. _b._ Dorchester 27 July 1813; Unitarian
    minister at Cheltenham 1840, at Warrington 1841, at George’s
    meeting Exeter 1844–47, at Liverpool 1847–56, at Manchester
    1856–58 and at Chesterfield 1858 to death; edited _The Christian
    Investigator_; author of _The atonement, or God’s way of speaking
    and man’s way of speaking_ 1843. _d._ Chesterfield 5 Aug. 1869.
    _The Inquirer_ (1869) 533.

  BISHOP, GEORGE. _b._ Leicester 21 Aug. 1785; a maker of British
    wines in London, being the largest maker in England; erected an
    observatory at South Villa, Regent’s Park 1836 where 11 planets
    were discovered 1847–54, after his death the dome and the
    instruments were removed by his son George Bishop to his house at
    Twickenham; F.R.A.S. 1830, sec. 1833–39, treasurer 1840–57, pres.
    1857–59; F.R.S. 9 June 1848; published in 1852 _Astronomical
    observations during the years 1839–51_. _d._ South villa, Regent’s
    Park, London 14 June 1861. _Monthly notices of Royal Astronomical
    Soc. xxii_, 104–106 (1862).

  BISHOP, SIR HENRY ROWLEY (_son of Mr. Bishop of London,
    Watchmaker_). _b._ Great Portland st. London 18 Nov. 1786; pupil
    of Francesco Bianchi the composer; composer of ballet music at
    Italian opera house 1806; produced his opera of _The Circassian
    bride_ at Drury Lane theatre 23 Feb. 1809, theatre was burnt down
    the next night; musical director and composer at Covent Garden
    theatre 1810–23, where he produced 50 musical dramas; director of
    music at King’s theatre, Haymarket 1816–17; received freedom of
    city of Dublin 2 Aug. 1820; composer at Drury Lane theatre
    1825–28; musical director of Vauxhall gardens 1830–33; director of
    Her Majesty’s concerts of ancient music 1840–48; Reid professor of
    Music in Univ. of Edin. Nov. 1841 to Dec. 1843; knighted at St.
    James’s palace 1 June 1842, being the first musician who ever
    received that honour; professor of music in Univ. of Ox. Jany.
    1848 to death; Mus. Bac. Ox. 1848, Mus. Doc. 1853; author of many
    songs and glees, best known being _Bid me discourse_, _Should he
    upbraid_, _The winds whistle cold_, _My pretty Jane_, _Mynheer Van
    Dunck_ and of the trio and chorus _The chough and crow_. _d._ 13
    Cambridge st. Edgware road, London 30 April 1855. _I.L.N. xix_,
    669–70 (1851), _portrait_; _Charles Mackay’s Forty years
    recollections ii_, 165–217 (1877); _Illust. news of the world iv_,
    381 (1859), _portrait_.

  BISHOP, JAMES. _b._ Trowbridge, Wiltshire 1793; a cloth worker 1813;
    partner with Atkins and Gillman, proprietors of a menagery which
    became a formidable opponent to George Wombwell’s menagery;
    attended all the great fairs in England; proprietor of various
    exhibitions; father of 20 children; the oldest showman in England.
    _d._ Plymouth 19 Feb. 1881.

  BISHOP, JOHN (_4 son of Samuel Bishop of Pimperne, Dorset_). _b._ 15
    Sep. 1797; studied at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital; M.R.C.S. 1824,
    F.R.C.S. 1843, member of council 1851, Hunterian orator 1859;
    member of Medical society of London 1839, councillor, trustee,
    orator and Lettsomian lecturer successively, and pres. 1852;
    F.R.S. 9 May 1844; very successful in treatment of impediments of
    speech; author of _On articulate sounds and on the causes and cure
    of impediments of speech_ 1851; _Researches into the pathology and
    treatment of deformities in the human body_ 1852; _The Lettsomian
    lectures on Bones_ 1855; _On the construction of hearing and
    speaking instruments_ 1856. _d._ Strangeways-Marshall, Dorset 29
    Sep. 1873. _Proc. of royal society xxi_, 5–6 (1873); _British
    medical journal ii_, 450 (1873).

  BISHOP, WILLIAM. Agent at 170 New Bond st. London for Westley
    Richards the gunmaker 1820 to death; brought into public notice by
    Vincent Dowling, who rarely wrote a report of a prize fight
    without bringing him on the scene; got the Dog Stealers act passed
    which is known as Bishop’s act; well known in London as “the
    Bishop of Bond st.” _d._ 170 New Bond st. 16 March 1871 in 74
    year. _Illust. sporting news ii_, 164 (1863), _portrait_.

  BISSET, REV. JAMES (_2 son of George Bisset of Udny, Aberdeenshire,
    schoolmaster who d. 1812_). _b._ Udny 20 April 1795; ed. at
    Marischal coll. and Univ. of Aberdeen; kept a school at Udny
    1812–25 which became celebrated; licensed by presbytery of Ellon
    31 March 1819; minister of parish of Bourtie, Aberdeenshire June
    1825 to death; ordained 19 April 1826; D.D. Aberdeen 23 Feb. 1850;
    moderator of general assembly 22 May 1862. _d._ Bourtie 8 Sep.

  BISSET, SIR JOHN. _b._ Perth 1777; commissary general 31 July 1811
    to 1819 when placed on h.p.; served through Peninsular war; K.C.H.
    1832; knighted at St. James’s Palace 6 Nov. 1832; K.C.B. 16 Aug.
    1850; granted pension of £550; author of _Memoranda regarding the
    duties of the Commissariat on field service abroad_ 1846. _d._
    Perth 3 April 1854.

  BISSHOPP, CECIL (_son of Harry Bisshopp, colonel in the army_).
    Cornet 14 Dragoons 10 Dec. 1799; major 11 Foot 6 Sep. 1834 to 17
    May 1844 when placed on h.p.; M.G. 11 Nov. 1851; colonel 16 Foot
    16 May 1857 to death; C.B. 26 Dec. 1818. _d._ Stoke, Plymouth 21
    March 1858.

  BISSHOPP, SIR EDWARD CECIL, 11 Baronet. _b._ 23 Feb. 1826; succeeded
    15 Dec. 1865. _d._ 27 Jany. 1870.

  BISSHOPP, SIR GEORGE CURZON, 10 Baronet. _b._ 10 April 1823;
    succeeded 23 Jany. 1849. _d._ Parham park near Hastings 15 Dec.

  BISSON, EDWARD LEONARD (_son of Rev. Amias Bisson, R. of St.
    Laurens, Jersey_). _b._ St. Laurens 1797; jurat or judge of the
    royal court Jersey 1832 to death; lieutenant bailiff 1839 to
    death. _d._ St. Heliers, Jersey 1 April 1884 in 88 year.

  BLAAUW, WILLIAM HENRY (_only son of Wm. Blaauw of Beechland, Newick,
    Sussex 1748–1808_). _b._ Queen Anne st. London 25 May 1793; ed. at
    Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1815, M.A. 1818; chief founder of
    Sussex Archæological Society 18 June 1846, sec. 1846–58, edited
    Society’s Collections 1846–56; elected F.S.A. 30 May 1850,
    admitted 27 Feb. 1851; member of council of Camden Society
    1848–65, treasurer 1861–65; sheriff of Sussex 1859; author of _The
    barons’ war, including the battles of Lewes and Evesham_ 1844, _2
    ed._ 1871. _d._ Beechland 26 April 1870. _Sussex Archæological
    Collections xxii_, 9–11 (1870), _portrait_.

  BLACHFORD, AUGUSTUS GEORGE. Ensign 24 Foot 12 Nov. 1825; lieut. col.
    30 March 1858 to 9 March 1860 when he retired on full pay with
    hon. rank of major general. _d._ Sheringham near Cromer 13 Nov.
    1884 aged 78.

  BLACHFORD, JOHN. _b._ 1790; solicitor in City of London 1818 to
    death; head of firm of Blachford, Riches and Wood of 25 Abchurch
    lane to death; vestry clerk of parish of St. James Aldgate 40
    years. _d._ 4 Jany. 1886.

  BLACHLEY, HENRY. 2 Lieutenant R.A. 10 Aug. 1804; lieut. col. 23 Nov.
    1841 to 4 April 1843 when he retired on full pay; L.G. 27 Feb.
    1866. _d._ Banwell, Somerset 13 Aug. 1868.

  BLACK, ADAM (_son of Charles Black of Edinburgh, builder_). _b._
    Charles st. Edin. 20 Feb. 1784; ed. at high sch. Edin.; opened a
    bookseller’s shop at 57 North bridge, Edin. 1808; published
    _Edinburgh Review_ 1827 to death, and _Encyclopædia Britannica_,
    _7 ed. 22 vols._ 1830–42, _8 ed. 22 vols._ 1853–61, wrote many
    articles in it; master of the Merchant Company Edin. 1831; a
    member of the town council 1832; lord provost 1843–48; pres. of
    Philosophical Institution 1845; bought works of Sir Walter Scott
    on behalf of an association of 60 persons for £27,000 March 1851;
    M.P. for Edinburgh 9 Feb. 1856 to 6 July 1865; retired from
    business 1865. _d._ 38 Drummond place, Edin. 24 Jany. 1874. A
    bronze memorial statue of him in East Prince’s st. gardens was
    unveiled 3 Nov. 1877. A fine portrait of him by Sir J. W. Gordon
    is in the council room Edinburgh. _Life of A. Black by A.
    Nicolson_ 1885; _Crombie’s Modern Athenians_ (1882) 179–83,
    _portrait_; _Proc. of Royal Soc. of Edin. viii_, 467 (1865).

  BLACK, REV. ALEXANDER (_son of John Black of Aberdeen, gardener_).
    _b._ Aberdeen 1789; ed. at Aberdeen gr. sch. and Marischal
    college, B.A. 1807, D.D. May 1824; licensed by presbytery of
    Aberdeen 9 Feb. 1814; minister of Tarves Nov. 1817 to 27 June
    1832; ordained 1 April 1818; professor of divinity in Marischal
    college Aberdeen April 1832 to 1843 when he joined the Free church
    at the Disruption; sent to the East to make enquiries as to
    expediency of beginning a mission to the Jews 1839; professor of
    exegetical theology in New college Edinburgh about 1844–1856. _d._
    Edinburgh 24 or 27 Jany. 1864 in 75 year.

  BLACK, JAMES. _b._ Scotland 1787; L.R.C.S. Edin. 1808; assistant
    surgeon R.N. 1809; practised at Bolton to 1839 and 1848–56, at
    Manchester 1839–48, and at Edin. 1856 to death; M.D. Glasgow 1820,
    L.R.C.S. Eng. 1823, F.R.C.P. 1860; an original member of British
    Association 1831; pres. of British medical association 1842; pres.
    of Provincial medical association 1853; pres. of Manchester
    Geological Society; F.G.S. 1838, F.G.S. of France 1848; F.R.S.
    Edin. 1857; author of _An inquiry into the capillary circulation
    of the blood_ 1825; _A comparative view of the more intimate
    nature of fever_ 1826; _A manual of the bowels_ 1840; _A
    medico-topographical, geological and statistical sketch of Bolton
    and its neighbourhood_, a paper of 100 pages in the _Transactions
    of Provincial medical and surgical association_. _d._ 2 George sq.
    Edin. 30 April 1867 in 80 year. _Proc. of Royal Society of Edin.
    vi_, 188 (1869).

  BLACK, JOHN (_only son of Ebenezer Black of Burnhouses near Dunse,
    Berwickshire, farm labourer_). _b._ Burnhouses 1783; articled to a
    writer at Dunse 1796–1800; clerk in an accountant’s office
    Edinburgh; engaged on the _Morning Chronicle_ daily paper in
    London 1810, principal editor 1819–44; fought a harmless duel with
    John Arthur Roebuck, M.P. 19 Nov. 1835; sold his library of 30,000
    volumes 1844; translated Humboldt’s _Political essay on the
    kingdom of New Spain 4 vols._ 1811–12 and other books. _d._
    Birling, Kent 15 June 1855. _C. Mackay’s Forty years’
    recollections i_, 70–95, _ii_, 177–78; _I.L.N. xxvii_, 13–14
    (1855), _portrait_.

  BLACK, JOHN. _b._ Glenrinnes, Upper Banff 1834; professor of
    humanity in University of Aberdeen 1868 to death. _d._ at his
    college residence Old Aberdeen 17 Nov. 1881.

  BLACK, NEIL (_son of Archibald Black of Cowal Argyleshire, sheep
    farmer_). _b._ Cowal 1804; sailed for Adelaide April 1839; bought
    a station near Glenormiston, Victoria; bought the Sisters station;
    his annual sales of cattle attracted buyers from all parts of
    Australia; member of legislative council of Victoria for the
    Western province 1856 to death. _d._ Mount Noorat, Victoria 15 May
    1880. _Men of the time in Australia, Victorian series_ (1878) _p._

  BLACK, PATRICK (_2 son of colonel Patrick Black of the Bengal
    cavalry who d. about 1819_). _b._ Aberdeen 1813; ed. at Eton
    1828–30 and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1834, M.D. 1836; F.R.C.P. 1845,
    censor 3 times, Croonian lecturer 1855: assistant phys. to St.
    Bartholomew’s hospital 1842, warden of the medical school 1851–56,
    physician and clinical lecturer 1860–78, lecturer on medicine
    1861–78; author of _Chloroform how shall we ensure, safety in its
    administration_ 1855; _Essay on the Spleen_ 1876; revised the
    Latin part of the _Nomenclature of diseases_ for Royal College of
    Phys. 1867. _d._ 11 Queen Anne st. Cavendish sq. London 12 Oct.
    1879. _St. Bartholomew’s hospital reports xv_, _pp. xxix-xl_

  BLACK, THOMAS. _b._ Wemyss 1819; surgeon at Anstruther 1839 to
    death; his body was found floating in the harbour of Anstruther 29
    Feb. 1864. _Conolly’s Biog. dict. of eminent men of Fife_ (1866)

  BLACK, WILLIAM. _b._ Anstruther 1770; entered navy 13 April 1793;
    captain 7 June 1814; retired R.A. 9 Oct. 1846. _d._ Ormsby,
    Norfolk 6 Nov. 1852 in 82 year. _Conolly’s Biog. dict. of eminent
    men of Fife_ (1866) 62.

  BLACK, REV. WILLIAM. _b._ Auchinairn parish of Cadder 1801; ed. at
    Univ. of Glasgow; licensed by presbytery of Hamilton Aug. 1824;
    minister of Shettleston April 1826; minister of Barony church
    Glasgow Sep. 1828 to death; D.D. Glasgow April 1834. _d._ Florence
    15 Jany. 1851 in 50 year. _Smith’s Our Scottish clergy, 2 series_
    (1849) 17–26.

  BLACK, WILLIAM HENRY (_eld. son of John Black of Kintore,
    Aberdeenshire_). _b._ 7 May 1808; a tutor among families residing
    at and near Tulse Hill, Surrey 1825; clerk in the Public Record
    Office, assistant keeper; founder and sec. of Chronological
    institute of London Dec. 1850, registrar 21 Dec. 1853; founded
    Palestine archæological association 13 Sep. 1853 and
    Anglo-biblical institute; F.S.A. 9 Dec. 1858; pastor of the
    Seventh Day Baptists (one of smallest sects in England) in Mill
    yard, Leman st. Whitechapel 1840 to death; prepared an edition of
    the British part of the _Itinerary of Antoninus_ (never issued);
    contributed to Samuel Bentley’s _Excerpta Historica_ 1831;
    catalogued the manuscripts of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, the
    Arundel MSS. in the library of the Heralds’ College, and Colfe’s
    library at Lewisham. _d._ 15 Mill yard, Whitechapel 12 April 1872.
    _Rev. C. M. Davies’s Unorthodox London_ (1872) 227–37; _J. E.
    Ritchie’s Religious life of London_ (1870) 159–66.

  BLACKADDER, ROBERT BARNES. _b._ Scotland; came to London 1834,
    employed by Roake and Varty and other booksellers; edited and
    published _Chronological Bible_ 1867 and _Chronological New
    Testament_ 1867. _d._ Booksellers’ provident retreat Abbot’s
    Langley 26 June 1883 aged 71.

  BLACKALL, JOHN (_6th son of Rev. Theophilus Blackall, Preb. of
    Exeter cath. who d. 4 Aug. 1781_). _b._ St. Paul’s st. Exeter 24
    Dec. 1771; ed. at Exeter gr. sch. and Balliol coll. Ox.; B.A.
    1793, M.A. 1796, M.B. 1797, M.D. 1801; studied medicine at St.
    Bartholomew’s hosp. London; practised at Exeter 1797–1801 and
    1807–52; physician to Devon and Exeter hosp. 1 June 1797–1801 when
    he resigned, and June 1807; practised at Totnes 1801–1807;
    physician to St. Thomas’s lunatic asylum Exeter 1812; candidate of
    R.C.P. 22 Dec. 1814; fellow 22 Dec. 1815; the chief physician in
    the West of England 1822–52; author of _Observations on the nature
    and cure of dropsies_ 1813 _4 ed._ 1818 which at once placed him
    in the rank of the first physicians of his day and acquired for
    him an European reputation. _d._ Southernhay Exeter 10 Jany. 1860.
    _Munk’s Roll of royal college of physicians iii_, 138–41 (1878),
    abridged from _British Medical Journal i_, 75–76 (1860).

  BLACKALL, ROBERT. Entered Bengal army 1805; colonel of 43 N.I. 18
    July 1848, of 2 European Fusiliers 7 April 1851, and of 13 N.I. 19
    Aug. 1859 to death; L.G. 18 Dec. 1860. _d._ 20 April 1863.

  BLACKALL, SAMUEL WENSLEY (_eld. son of Robert Blackall of Colamber
    manor, co. Longford who d. 1855_). _b._ 1809; ed. at Trin. coll.
    Dublin; ensign 85 Foot 26 June 1827, lieut. 17 Feb. 1832 to 1 Feb.
    1833 when he sold out; sheriff of co. Longford 1833, of co. Tyrone
    1862; M.P. for co. Longford 13 Aug. 1847 to April 1851; lieutenant
    governor of Dominica 1 April 1851 to 1857; governor of Sierra
    Leone 1862; governor of West African Settlements 23 Feb. 1866;
    governor of Queensland 4 May 1868 to death. _d._ Brisbane 21 Jany.

  BLACKBOURN, JOHN (_son of James Blackbourn of Billingsgate, London,
    fish salesman_). One of the singing boys of St. Paul’s cathedral
    1800–1808, apprenticed to John Sale the master of the boys 1811;
    organist of Wandsworth parish church 1818–21 and of Clapham parish
    church 1821 to death; member of Royal Society of Musicians 1818,
    of the Madrigal Society 1819, of the Glee Club 1819, and secretary
    to 1825. _d._ Clapham 18 Dec. 1854 aged 62.

  BLACKBURN, REV. JOHN. _b._ the Minories, London 1791; ed. at Stepney
    and Hoxton; a missionary in the Irish Evangelical society; pastor
    of Church of Christ at Finchingfield, Essex 25 Sep. 1815 to 1822;
    pastor of Claremont chapel Pentonville, London 1822 to death;
    editor of _Congregational Magazine_; originated and edited
    _Congregational Calendar_, afterwards merged in the
    _Congregational year book_; a projector and sec. of Congregational
    Union of England and Wales 1831; originator of the Christian
    Instruction society 1825; edited _The Biblical educator_. _d._ 17
    Holford sq. Pentonville 16 June 1855. _Congregational year book_
    (1856) 208–10; _J. Waddington’s Congregational history v_, 198–202

  BLACKBURN, PETER (_eld. son of John Blackburn of Killearn near
    Glasgow_). _b._ Levenside, Dumbartonshire 1811; ed. at Eton;
    cornet 2 Life Guards 29 Jany. 1830, lieut. 4 May 1832 to 1836;
    M.P. for Stirlingshire 5 March 1855 to 6 July 1865; a lord of the
    Treasury 15 March 1859 to June 1859; chairman of Edinburgh and
    Glasgow railway Sep. 1846 to death. _d._ Killearn house, Killearn
    20 May 1870.

  BLACKBURNE, FRANCIS (_eld. son of Richard Blackburne of Great
    Footstown, co. Meath who d. 1798_). _b._ Great Footstown 11 Nov.
    1782; entered Trinity college Dublin July 1798, scholar 1801, B.A.
    1803, LL.B. and LLD. 1852; called to bar in Ireland Jany. 1805;
    went the Home circuit; K.C. 1822; administered the Insurrection
    act in Limerick and Clare 1822–24; serjeant at law July 1826,
    king’s second serjeant at law 19 April 1830 to Jany. 1831;
    attorney general in Ireland 11 Jany. 1831 to April 1835 and 23
    Sep. 1841 to Oct. 1842; P.C. Ireland 1831; master of the Rolls 1
    Nov. 1842 to 23 Jany. 1846; chief justice of Queen’s Bench 23
    Jany. 1846 to Feb. 1852; lord chancellor of Ireland Feb. 1852 to
    Dec. 1852 and 24 July 1866 to March 1867; vice chancellor of Univ.
    of Dub. Dec. 1851; one of Commissioners of National education
    1852–53; lord justice of Appeal in Ireland Oct. 1856 to July 1866;
    offered the Lord Chancellorship by Earl of Derby 24 Feb. 1858 but
    declined; refused a Baronetcy May 1867. _d._ Rathfarnham Castle
    near Dublin 17 Sep. 1867. _Life of the Right Hon. Francis
    Blackburne by his son Edward Blackburne_ 1874, _portrait_; _O. J.
    Burke’s History of lord chancellors of Ireland_ (1879) 277–93;
    _Dublin univ. mag. xxiv_, 470–78 (1844), _portrait_; _I.L.N. xii_,
    323 (1848), _portrait_.

  BLACKBURNE, JOHN GEORGE. _b._ London 4 June 1815; articled to Wm.
    Dunn of Oldham, surveyor 31 May 1828, partner with him 5 June 1835
    to 27 June 1840 when he died; practised at Oldham 1835 to death;
    M.I.C.E. 1 May 1855; F.G.S. 1835; pres. of Manchester district
    society of surveyors and valuers 1866. _d._ Dryclough, Oldham 30
    Sep. 1871. _Minutes of proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxxiii_, 206–209

  BLACKBURNE, JOHN IRELAND. _b._ 26 May 1783; M.P. for Newton,
    Lancashire 8 May 1807 to 10 June 1818 and for Warrington 7 Jany.
    1835 to 23 July 1847. _d._ Hale hall near Warrington 27 Jany.

  BLACKER, REV. GEORGE (_elder son of James Blacker of Dublin, police
    magistrate_). _b._ 1791; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin; scholar 1809,
    B.A. 1811, M.A. 1858; C. of St. Andrew’s, Dublin 1811–38; V. of
    Maynooth 1838 to death; Preb. of St. Patrick’s cathedral 28 Dec.
    1840 to death; author of _Castle of Maynooth_ 1853, _2 ed._ 1860;
    _Castle of Kilkea_ 1860; _A record of the history of Maynooth
    church_ 1867, all privately printed. _d._ the Rectory, Maynooth 23
    May 1871 in 80 year. _Irish Ecclesiastical Gazette xiii_, 131

  BLACKER, WILLIAM. Ensign 60 Foot 3 July 1801; lieut. col. Armagh
    militia 5 Nov. 1812 to 6 May 1846; vice treasurer of Ireland
    1817–1829. _d._ Carrick house, Armagh 25 Nov. 1855 aged 80.

  BLACKETT, SIR EDWARD, 6 Baronet. _b._ London 23 Feb. 1805; ed. at
    Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox.; succeeded 27 Oct. 1816; sheriff of
    Northumberland 1833; married 4 times. _d._ Matfen hall,
    Northumberland 23 Nov. 1885.

  BLACKETT, HENRY. Publisher in London with Daniel Hurst (who _d._ 6
    July 1870 aged 67). _d._ The Green, Ealing 7 March 1871 in 45

  BLACKIE, JOHN (_son of John Blackie of Glasgow, publisher who d. 17
    June 1874 aged 92_). _b._ Glasgow 29 Sep. 1805; ed. at the high
    school; head of the publishing firm of Blackie and Son in Glasgow
    and London, with branches in every important town in Scotland;
    member of Glasgow town council 1857; lord provost 1863; originated
    the City Improvement scheme. _d._ Hillhead, Lillybank, Glasgow 11
    Feb. 1873. _Bookseller_ 1873 _p._ 205.

  BLACKLEY, REV. WILLIAM. Ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.; B.A. 1835,
    M.A. 1852; chaplain to Viscount Hill 1837 to death; V. of
    Stanton-upon-Hine-Heath, Salop 1855–72; author of _Expository
    lectures on the first four chapters of St. Matthew’s Gospel_ 1842;
    _Diplomatic correspondence of the Right Hon. Richard Hill 2 vols._
    1845; _Scriptural teaching_ 1847; _The Gospel history between the
    death of Christ and the day of Pentecost_ 1855. _d._ Garforth
    house, Upper Sydenham 29 March 1885 aged 87.

  BLACKLOCK, AMBROSE. _b._ Dumfries 1816; Assistant surgeon Madras 8
    Feb. 1840; professor of surgery and surgeon of the General
    hospital Madras 1851, and professor of medicine and physician 1858
    to 28 April 1867; went to England on sick leave 29 Aug. 1865;
    returned to Madras 1868; deputy inspector general of Presidency,
    Circle and Northern, divisions 4 Aug. 1870 to death; author of _A
    treatise on sheep_ 1838, _12 ed._ 1853. _d._ of enteritis at
    Chittoor, Madras 11 Feb. 1873.

  BLACKLOCK, WILLIAM JAMES. _b._ Cumwhitton near Carlisle about 1815;
    landscape painter; exhibited pictures at Royal Academy, British
    Institution and Society of British Artists 1836–55. _d._ Dumfries
    12 March 1858 aged 42. _Carlisle Journal 19 March 1858._

  BLACKMAN, WILLIAM. _b._ Arundel 27 Nov. 1862; ed. at Ardingley
    college, captain of the cricket eleven 1880, an assistant master
    1880; in the Sussex county eleven 17 July 1881 to 1884; one of the
    best all-round cricketers in South of England. _d._ 4 Royal
    terrace, Fitzroy, Melbourne 2 June 1885. _Cricket 28 Jany. 1886
    p._ 1, _portrait_.

  BLACKMORE, REV. RICHARD WHITE. Educ. at Merton coll. Ox., B.A. 1813;
    chaplain to the Russia company 1819–47; R. of Donhead St. Mary
    near Salisbury 1847 to death; author of _History of the church of
    Russia_ 1842; _The doctrine of the Russian church_ 1845. _d._
    Donhead St. Mary rectory 28 June 1882 in 91 year.

  BLACKMORE, WILLIAM. _b._ Salisbury; admitted solicitor 1849;
    practised at Liverpool 1856–69; presented his very valuable
    collection of stone implements and other objects of art of
    aboriginal inhabitants of America to city of Salisbury 1863 which
    formed nucleus of the Blackmore museum, Salisbury; member of
    Ethnological society of London 1866; member of council of
    Anthropological society 21 Jany. 1871 on its amalgamation with
    Ethnological society, and vice pres. 1872. _d._ Belgrave mansions,
    Grosvenor gardens, London 12 April 1878.

  BLACKSTONE, WILLIAM SEYMOUR. _b._ 30 Oct. 1809; M.P. for
    Wallingford, Berkshire 11 Dec. 1832 to July 1852. _d._ 6 Jany.

  BLACKWALL, JOHN (_son of Mr. Blackwall of Manchester, importer of
    Irish linen_). _b._ St. Anne’s square, Manchester 20 Jany. 1790;
    partner with his father to 1833; lived at Llanrwst, North Wales
    1842 to death; member of Manchester literary and philosophical
    society; F.L.S. April 1827; author of _Researches in Zoology_
    1834, _2 ed._ 1873; _A history of the spiders of Great Britain and
    Ireland_, _2 parts_ 1861–64, published by the Ray Society; wrote
    82 papers in natural history periodicals 1821–71. _d._ Hendre
    house, Llanrwst 11 May 1881. _Entomologist xiv_, 145–50, 190

  BLACKWELL, THOMAS. Partner with E. Crosse as oilmen at 11 King st.
    Soho, London 1829, this was oldest house of the kind in London
    having been founded 1706; moved to Soho square 1840; began
    manufacture of jams 1841 and of table jellies 1850. _d._
    Brookshill, Harrow Weald 16 Dec. 1879. Will proved 6 March 1880,
    Personalty sworn under £160,000. _H. Mayhew’s Shops of London i_,
    174–88 (1865).

  BLACKWELL, THOMAS EVANS (_son of John Blackwell, civil engineer who
    d. 1840_). _b._ Devizes 28 July 1819; engineer to Kennet & Avon
    canal co. 1840; engineer to Bristol docks 1852–57; vice pres. and
    general manager of grand trunk railway 1857–62; F.G.S., F.R.G.S.;
    A.I.C.E. 1843, M.I.C.E. 1849. _d._ 25 June 1863.

  BLACKWOOD, ARTHUR JOHNSTONE (_2 son of Sir Henry Blackwood, admiral
    R.N., 1 Baronet 1770–1832_). _b._ 25 April 1808; clerk in Colonial
    office April 1824 to May 1867; groom of the privy chamber 1836 to
    death. _d._ Oakham, Rutland 2 Jany. 1874.

  BLACKWOOD, FRANCIS PRICE (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 25 May
    1809; entered navy 6 Dec. 1821; captain 28 June 1838; commanded
    the Fly surveying vessel on East India station 17 Nov. 1841 to
    1846; F.R.A.S. _d._ of cancer in the throat at Richmond 22 March
    1854. _Journal of Royal Geog. Soc. xxiv_, 80–81 (1854).

  BLACKWOOD, GEORGE FREDERICK (_2 son of Wm. Blackwood, major in
    Bengal army_). _b._ Moradabad, Bengal 1838; ed. at Edinburgh
    academy and Addiscombe; 2 lieut. Bengal artillery 11 Dec. 1857;
    commanded the artillery in the Lushai expedition Nov. 1871; major
    10 Feb. 1875; commanded E. battery B. brigade of Royal Horse
    Artillery in the Afghan campaign 1879 to death; killed at battle
    of Maiwand 27 July 1880, being one of the 11 officers and men who
    fought till they were all killed. _Shadbolt’s Afghan campaign_
    (1882) 20–22, _portrait_.

  BLACKWOOD, SIR HENRY, 3 Baronet. _b._ 7 May 1828; succeeded 7 Jany.
    1851. _d._ Athens 26 May 1854.

  BLACKWOOD, SIR HENRY MARTIN, 2 Baronet (_only son of Sir Henry
    Blackwood, 1 baronet 1770–1832_). _b._ 11 June 1801; entered navy
    22 July 1814; captain 28 April 1827; succeeded his father 14 Dec.
    1832; commodore on East India station 29 June 1844; captain of the
    Fox 14 Oct. 1843 to 5 Aug. 1848. _d._ Portsmouth 7 Jany. 1851.
    _I.L.N. xviii_, 37 (1851).

  BLACKWOOD, JOHN (_6 son of William Blackwood of Edinburgh, publisher
    1776–1834_). _b._ Edinburgh 7 Dec. 1818; ed. at high school and
    Univ. Edin.; superintended London branch of his brother Robert’s
    publishing business 1840–45; partner in the firm 1845; head of the
    firm 1852 to death; editor of _Blackwood’s Mag._ 1845 to death;
    published in it George Eliot’s _Scenes of clerical life_,
    published all her books except _Romola_. _d._ Strathtyrum, St.
    Andrews 29 Oct. 1879. _The Critic xxi_, 6, 38, 102, 128, 192 _and_
    225 (1860); _George Eliot’s Life by J. W. Cross 3 vols._ 1885;
    _I.L.N. lxxii_, 461 (1879), _portrait_; _Graphic xx_, 525 (1879),

  BLAGDEN, ISA JANE. Lived at Florence 1849 to death; great friend of
    Mrs. Theodosia Trollope and of Mrs. E. B. Browning both of whom
    she nursed in their last illnesses; author of _Agnes Tremorne 2
    vols._ 1861; _The cost of a secret 3 vols._ 1863; _The woman I
    loved and the woman who loved me_ 1865; _The crown of a life_
    1869. _d._ Florence 26 Jany. 1873. _Poems by the late Isa Blagden
    with a memoir_ 1873.

  BLAGDEN, RICHARD (_youngest son of Richard Bragg Blagden of
    Petworlh, Sussex, surgeon_). M.R.C.S. 1811, F.R.C.S. 1843; surgeon
    in London 1814–54; surgeon to Duchess of Kent 1828 to death;
    surgeon accoucheur to Queen Victoria 1840 to death; F.R. Med. and
    Chir. Soc. 1839, served on the council 1847–48. _d._ Percy place,
    Bath 31 March 1861 aged 72.

  BLAGDEN-HALE, EDWARD. _b._ 14 Aug. 1814; ensign 82 Foot 2 Aug. 1833,
    lieut. col. 7 Sep. 1855 to 10 Nov. 1856 and 6 Feb. 1857 to 1 June
    1861 when placed on h.p.; brigadier general Bengal 16 Oct. 1858 to
    14 Feb. 1859; L.G. 1 Oct. 1877; C.B. 24 March 1858. _d._ Alderley,
    Wotton under Edge 17 May 1881.

  BLAGROVE, HENRY GAMBLE (_eld. son of Mr. Blaqrove of Nottingham,
    professor of music_). _b._ Nottingham 20 Oct. 1811; appeared as a
    violinist at Drury Lane theatre in an entertainment called _The
    Lilliputians_ 1817; played at concerts at Exhibition rooms in
    Spring Gardens 1817; studied at Royal Academy of Music 1823; solo
    violinist in royal private band 1830–37; pupil of Spohr at Cassel
    1832–34; played at Vienna and elsewhere with great success; leader
    of a string quartet party which gave a series of concerts at the
    Hanover square rooms 1836; led the State band at the Coronation of
    Queen Victoria; principal violin in Jullien’s band, at both opera
    houses, at most of the provincial festivals, the Handel festivals
    at Crystal Palace, and leading musical societies in London; taught
    the violin at R.A. of music; published some valuable exercises for
    the violin, and a few solos. (_m._ 17 Aug. 1841 Etheldred dau. of
    Henry Combe, she _d._ 8 Jany. 1869). _d._ 224 Marylebone road,
    London 15 Dec. 1872. _Rev. W. W. Cazalet’s History of royal
    academy of Music_ (1854) 285–87; _I.L.N. lxi_, 633 (1872),

  BLAIKIE, FRANCIS (_son of Andrew Blaikie, tenant of Holydean,
    Scotland_). Went to England about 1789; agent to Earl of
    Chesterfield, and then to Earl of Leicester; introduced the turnip
    drill and other improvements in agriculture; author of papers on
    science of agriculture; retired about 1832. _d._ St. Helens Sep.

  BLAIKIE, SIR THOMAS (_4 son of John Blaikie, of Aberdeen_). _b._
    Aberdeen 1802; ed. at gr. sch. and Marischal coll.; merchant at
    Aberdeen; lord provost 5 times; knighted at St. James’s palace 20
    Feb. 1856. _d._ Bonacord terrace, Aberdeen 25 Sep. 1861.

  BLAINE, DELABERE ROBERTON. _b._ Woodbridge, Suffolk; solicitor in
    Lincoln’s Inn Fields London; barrister M.T. 8 May 1846; revising
    barrister for Essex 1866–71; judge of Northumberland county court
    (circuit No. 1) April 1871; transferred to London (circuit No. 43)
    Nov. 1871; F.R.G.S. 1854; author of _Laws of Artistic copyright
    and their defects_ 1853; _Suggestions on the copyright bill_ 1861;
    _d._ Southwick place, Hyde park sq. London 13 Dec. 1871 aged 64.

  BLAIR, CHARLES EDWARD. L.S.A. 1836, M.R.C.S. 1836; army surgeon in a
    Portugese regiment during war between Dom Miguel and Dom Pedro
    1833–34; reported in the _Lancet_ the first cases of cholera in
    London 1832; author of _Lectures on the anatomy and physiology of
    the teeth_; K.C., K.T.S. _d._ East hill, Colchester 28 Aug. 1855
    aged 45.

  BLAIR, JAMES KENNEDY (_eld. son of James Blair of Weatfield,
    Belfast_). _b._ Weatfield 9 Dec. 1807; ed. at Univ. of Edin.;
    barrister L.I. 27 Jany. 1835; judge of Court of record for hundred
    of Salford, Lancashire; joint judge of county courts for circuit
    No. 6 comprising Liverpool, Ormskirk and St. Helens 22 Oct. 1857
    to 28 Feb. 1872 when he resigned. _d._ New Brighton, Cheshire 1
    Oct. 1879.

  BLAIR, STEPHEN. _b._ Bolton 1804; Merchant and bleacher at Bolton;
    M.P. for Bolton 12 Sep. 1848 to 1 July 1852. _d._ 5 July 1870.

  BLAKE, BARNETT. Edited _Exeter and Plymouth Gazette_ 1843–52;
    secretary of Exeter Literary and Scientific Institution 5 years;
    editor and manager of _Liverpool Standard_; secretary of Yorkshire
    Union of Mechanics’ Institutes 1856 to death. _d._ of typhus fever
    at Beeston near Leeds 14 March 1866 aged 54.

  BLAKE, EDWARD SAMUEL. Colonel in Bombay artillery 29 May 1861 to
    death; C.B. 21 March 1859. _d._ 18 Princes sq. Bayswater, London
    26 June 1862 aged 51.

  BLAKE, SIR FRANCIS, 3 Baronet. _b._ Heston, Middlesex 1774;
    succeeded 22 May 1818; M.P. for Berwick 29 March 1827 to 29 Dec.
    1834. _d._ 10 Sep. 1860.

  BLAKE, FREDERICK RODOLPH (_son of Wm. Blake of Danesbury who d. 24
    Nov. 1852_). _b._ 15 Aug. 1808; ensign 85 Foot 30 June 1825;
    lieut. col. 33 Foot 3 Oct. 1848 to death; served at battle of the
    Alma and before Sebastopol; C.B. 5 July 1855. _d._ Rottingdean,
    Sussex 23 Aug. 1855.

  BLAKE, REV. GEORGE BANNERMAN. _b._ Aberdeen; ed. at Marischal
    college Aberdeen; studied theology at New college Edinburgh; M.A.
    1854; licensed by Presbytery of Edin. 1855; assistant pastor of
    St. George’s presbyterian church Sunderland July 1856, junior
    minister 9 July 1857 to death, ordained 9 July 1857; founded
    Ropery lane mission, Sunderland March 1859. _d._ Sunderland 29
    Aug. 1863 aged 32. _A memorial sketch of the late Rev. G. B. Blake
    with a selection from his sermons_ 1864, _portrait_.

  BLAKE, GEORGE CHARLES. Entered navy 2 July 1799; inspecting
    commander in Coast Guard 1832–35; captain 28 June 1838; gentleman
    usher to Prince Albert 1841; retired captain 15 Oct. 1852; retired
    admiral 10 Sep. 1869. _d._ Bury near Gosport 14 Nov. 1872 aged 84.

  BLAKE, SIR HENRY CHARLES, 4 Baronet. _b._ 23 Nov. 1794; succeeded 21
    April 1832. _d._ Ashfield lodge, Great Ickworth, Suffolk 22 Jany.

  BLAKE, MARTIN JOSEPH (_elder son of Walter Blake of Ballyglunin
    park, Athenry, co. Galway_). _b._ 1790; M.P. for co. Galway
    1833–57. _d._ Ballyglunin park March 1861.

  BLAKE, PATRICK JOHN (_2 son of Sir James Henry Blake, 3 baronet who
    d. 21 April, 1832_). _b._ 1797; entered navy April 1813; captain 6
    May 1841; commanded the Juno 26 guns in the Pacific 3 Sep. 1845 to
    14 Feb. 1849; admiral on h.p. 20 Oct. 1872. _d._ Thurston, Bury
    St. Edmunds 29 Sep. 1884.

  BLAKE, SIR THOMAS EDWARD, 13 Baronet. _b._ Killagh, co. Galway 25
    May 1805; succeeded Jany. 1847. _d._ 2 Jany. 1875.

  BLAKE, WILLIAM. Bought estate of Danesbury near Welwyn Herts. 1820;
    sheriff of Herts. 1836; formed a valuable collection of modern
    water colour paintings; F.R.S. 14 May 1807. _d._ Danesbury 24 Nov.
    1852 aged 78.

  BLAKE, WILLIAM HUME (_son of Rev. Dominick Edward Blake, R. of
    Kiltegan, co. Wicklow_). _b._ Kiltegan 10 March 1809; ed. at Trin.
    coll. Dublin; emigrated to Canada and settled in township of
    Adelaide 1832; called to Canadian bar 1835; a bencher of Canadian
    law society Nov. 1845; solicitor general 1848; chancellor of Upper
    Canada 30 Sep. 1849 to 1862; judge of court of appeal; chancellor
    of Univ. of Toronto; professor of law in Univ. of Toronto. _d._
    Toronto 15 Nov. 1870. _Law Journal vi_, 23–24 (1871).

  BLAKE, WILLIAM JOHN (_eld. son of Wm. Blake of Danesbury, Herts, who
    d. 24 Nov. 1852_). _b._ 12 May 1805; ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox.; double
    first class 1826, B.A. 1827, M.A. 1829; barrister L.I. 10 June
    1831; M.P. for Newport, Isle of Wight 26 July 1837 to 23 June
    1841, defeated by one vote only 31 July 1847; F.R.S. 20 Jany.
    1831. _d._ Danesbury 15 Sep. 1875.

  BLAKE, WILLIAM WILLIAMS. Cornet 20 Dragoons 26 April 1797; major 21
    March 1805 to Dec. 1818 when placed on h.p.; C.B. 4 June 1815.
    _d._ Brighton 21 Feb. 1863 aged 83.

  BLAKELY, REV. FLETCHER (_youngest son of Joseph Bleakly of
    Ballyroney, co. Down, farmer_). _b._ Ballyroney 13 May 1783; ed.
    at Glasgow college; Presbyterian minister of Moneyrea, co. Down 19
    Sep. 1809; the first avowed humanitarian preacher in Ulster from
    which arose the proverb ‘Moneyrea, where there is one God and no
    devil’; joined with his whole congregation the remonstrant
    secession from the Synod of Ulster 1829; assisted Henry Montgomery
    leader of the New Light party in forming remonstrant synod; joint
    editor of the _Bible Christian_ 1830–33; resigned ministry of
    Moneyrea 22 Sep. 1857; author of several tracts and sermons, _d._
    Cradley, Worcestershire 25 Feb. 1862. _bur._ at Moneyrea.
    _Inquirer 15 March 1862_; _Christian Unitarian_ (1862), _p._ 123.

  BLAKELY, VERY REV. THEOPHILUS. Educ. at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1794;
    alternate morning preacher at Berkeley and Fitzroy chapels London;
    dean of Connor 4 May 1811 to 6 Dec. 1824; dean of Achonry 6 Dec.
    1824 to 11 May 1839; dean of Down 11 May 1839 to death; one of the
    first advocates of the Irish National system of education. _d._
    Clare st. Dublin 1 Dec. 1855 aged 85. _G.M. xlv_, 309 (1856).

  BLAKENEY, SIR EDWARD (_4 son of colonel Wm. Blakeney M.P. for
    Athenry in Irish parliament_). _b._ Newcastle 1778; Cornet 8 Light
    dragoons 28 Feb. 1794; lieut. col. 7 Foot 20 June 1811 to 2 June
    1825; served in the Peninsula 1811–14; commanded first brigade in
    army sent to Portugal 1825; colonel 7 Foot 20 Sep. 1832 to 21 Dec.
    1854; commanded troops in Ireland 1838–55; general 20 June 1854;
    colonel 1 Foot 21 Dec. 1854 to death; lieutenant governor of
    Chelsea hospital 6 Feb. 1855, governor 25 Sep. 1856 to death;
    field marshal 9 Nov. 1862; colonel in chief of Rifle brigade 28
    Aug. 1865 to death; K.T.S. 1812, K.C.B. 2 Jany. 1815, G.C.B. 7 May
    1849; G.C.H. 7 May 1836; P.C. Ireland 7 May 1836. _d._ Chelsea
    hospital 2 Aug. 1868.

  BLAKENEY, REV. RICHARD PAUL. _b._ Roscommon 2 June 1820; ed. at
    Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A. 1842, LL.B. and LLD. 1852, D.D. Edin.
    1868; C. of St. Paul’s, Nottingham 1843–44; P.C. of Hyson Green,
    Notts. 1844–52; P.C. of Ch. Ch. Claughton, Cheshire Jany. 1852 to
    1874; V. of Bridlington 1874 to death; rural dean of Bridlington
    1876 to death; canon of York 1882 to death; author of _Translation
    of the Moral theology of Alphonsus Liguori_ 1845, _2 ed._ 1852; _A
    manual of Romish controversy_ 1851; _Protestant Catechism_ 1854;
    _History and interpretation of the Book of common prayer_ 1865, _3
    ed._ 1878. _d._ Bridlington 31 Dec. 1884. _Church portrait journal
    May 1880, portrait._

    Blakesley of City of London, factor who d. 1817 or 1818_). _b._ 38
    Coleman st. city of London 6 March 1808; ed. at St. Paul’s school
    1819–27 (captain 1826–27) and C. C. coll. Cam., migrated to
    Trinity college 1830, foundation scholar 1830, 21 wrangler and 3
    classic 1831, B.A. 1831, M.A. 1834, B.D. 1850; fellow of Trinity
    1831, assistant tutor 1834, tutor 1839–45; member of the
    celebrated Apostles club at Cambridge; select preacher 1840 and
    1843; V. of Ware, Herts. 30 May 1845 to 1872; canon of Canterbury
    27 June 1863 to 4 July 1872; dean of Lincoln 4 July 1872 to death;
    master of the Mercers Company 1864; an active member of the
    committee for revision of translation of New Testament; author of
    _Thoughts on the recommendations of the Ecclesiastical commission_
    1837; _Life of Aristotle_ 1839; _Conciones Academicæ_ 1843;
    _Herodotus with a commentary 2 vols._ 1852–54; _Four months in
    Algeria, with a visit to Carthage_ 1859; wrote under signature of
    “A Hertfordshire Incumbent” many letters on social questions to
    _The Times_ which attracted general attention. _d._ The deanery,
    Lincoln 18 April 1885. _Saturday Review lix_, 533 (1885);
    _Guardian 22 April 1885_, _p._ 596.

  BLAKEY, ROBERT (_son of Robert Blakey of Morpeth, Northumberland,
    mechanic who d. Feb. 1796 aged 22_). _b._ Manchester lane, Morpeth
    18 May 1795; wrote for the _Black Dwarf_ a London paper 1817–21
    and for the _Newcastle Mag._, _Durham Chronicle_ and _Cobbett’s
    Register_ 1822–32; mayor of Morpeth 1836–37; purchased the
    _Newcastle Liberator_ 1 Jany. 1838 which was amalgamated with the
    _Champion_ a London weekly paper 1840; started the _Politician_ a
    London weekly paper of which only 6 numbers were issued; professor
    of logic and metaphysics in Queen’s college Belfast Aug. 1849 to
    1851; a great proficient in the art of angling; granted civil list
    pension of £100, 20 Jany. 1860; author of _An essay towards an
    easy and useful system of logic_ 1834, _2 ed._ 1848; _Hints on
    angling by Hackle Palmer_ 1846; _History of the philosophy of the
    mind 4 vols._ 1848; _The anglers complete guide to the rivers and
    lakes of England_ 1854; _The history of political literature from
    the earliest times 2 vols._ 1854, and of a number of minor works.
    _d._ 20 Blomfield road, Shepherds Bush, London 26 Oct. 1878.
    _Memoirs of R. Blakey edited by Rev. H. Miller_ 1879.

  BLAKISTON, ANNE (_elder dau. of John Rochfort of Clogrenane, co.
    Carlow_). _m._ Sep. 1782 Sir Matthew Blakiston, 2 baronet, who was
    _b._ 1760 and _d._ 20 Sep. 1806, she _d._ Lymington, Hants, 27
    Nov. 1862 in 102 year.

  BLAKISTON, SIR MATTHEW, 3 Baronet. _b._ Athlone 13 May 1783;
    succeeded 20 Sep, 1806. _d._ Sandybrooke hall, Ashbourne,
    Derbyshire 23 Dec. 1862.

  BLAKISTON, SIR MATTHEW, 4 Baronet. _b._ Bath 15 Jany. 1811; ed. at
    the Charterhouse and Trin. coll. Dub.; succeeded 23 Dec. 1862.
    _d._ Sandybrooke hall 3 Dec. 1883.

  BLAKISTON, PEYTON (_youngest child of Sir Matthew Blakiston, 2
    baronet 1760–1806_). _b._ 6 Sep. 1801; ed. at Eton and Trin. coll.
    Cam.; migrated to Em. coll., a Dixie fellow; B.A. 1823, M.A. 1827,
    M.L. 1837, M.D. 1841; C. of Bilton, co. Warwick; V. of Lymington,
    Hants. 1830–33; studied medicine at Cambridge and Paris; practised
    at Birmingham, phys. to general hospital 1841; F.R.S. 21 Jany.
    1840; F.R.C.P. 1843; practised at St. Leonard’s on Sea 1848–71;
    author of _On diseases of the Chest_ 1848; _Clinical observations
    on diseases of the heart_ 1865; _Clinical reminiscences_ 1878.
    _d._ 140 Harley st. London 17 Dec. 1878. _Proc. of Med. and Chir.
    Soc. viii_, 397–99 (1880); _Proc. of Royal Soc. xxix_, 1–2 (1879).

  BLAMIRE, GEORGE. Barrister L.I. 25 June 1819; owner of large estates
    in Cumberland and Glamorganshire; occupied 3 rooms on first floor
    of 1 Adam st. Adelphi, London 1847 to death; slept in an arm chair
    last 16 years of his life; found dead in his chair at 1 Adam st.
    17 Sep. 1863, having probably died 13 or 14 Sep. aged 75.

  BLAMIRE, JANE CHRISTIAN (_2 dau. of Wm. Blamire of The Oaks near
    Dalston, Cumberland, surgeon who d. 29 Jany. 1814_). _b._ The Oaks
    20 March 1788; housekeeper to her brother at Thackwood, Cumberland
    1813 to 1831; a great philanthropist. _d._ Thackwood 20 Sep. 1857.
    _H. Lonsdale’s Worthies of Cumberland iv_, 117–39 (1873).

  BLAMIRE, WILLIAM (_only brother of the preceding_). _b._ The Oaks 13
    April 1790; ed. at Carlisle and Westminster; entered Ch. Ch. Ox.
    Oct. 1808, B.A. 1811; a great stock breeder, went to all the fairs
    in Scotland and North England; sheriff of Cumberland 1828; M.P.
    for Cumberland 9 May 1831 to 3 Dec. 1832, for East Cumberland 17
    Dec. 1832 to Aug. 1836; made a great speech in House of Commons on
    Tithe Commutation bill 25 March 1836; Tithe comr. for England and
    Wales 22 Aug. 1836 to 8 Aug. 1851 when the commission expired
    after having converted tithes into rent charges amounting to more
    than £4,000,000 per annum; Copyhold and Tithe comr. 22 June 1841;
    Inclosure comr. 21 Aug. 1845 to 1860. _d._ Thackwood near Carlisle
    12 Jany. 1862. _A biographical sketch of the late W. Blamire by H.
    Lonsdale, M.D._ 1862.

  BLANC, JEAN JOSEPH LOUIS. _b._ Madrid 28 Oct. 1813; clerk in a
    lawyer’s office in Paris 1830; edited a journal called _Le Bon
    Sens_ 1836–38; founded _La revue du progrès_ 1838 in which he
    advocated socialistic ideas; published _The organisation of
    labour_ 1841; _Histoire des dix ans_ 1841 which helped to
    precipitate the revolution of 1848; a member of the Provisional
    government 1848; pres. of the Labour commission; declined the
    Dictatorship; a member of the National Assembly; proscribed by the
    Assembly; lived in exile in England 1849–70; correspondent to
    several French journals; published _Letters on England_, _2 series
    2 vols._ 1867; a member of French National Assembly Feb. 1871 to
    death. _d._ Cannes 6 Dec. 1882. _Louis Blanc, sa vie, ses œuvres,
    par C. Robin_ 1851, _portrait_; _Louis Blanc, par C. Edmond_ 1882,
    _portrait_; _I.L.N. xii_, 182 (1848), _portrait, xiii_, 189
    (1848), _portrait, lxxxi_, 629 (1882), _portrait_.

      NOTE.—When an attempt was made to assassinate him in Paris 15
      Aug. 1839 his brother Charles Blanc had a vivid presentiment
      of the scene, an incident on which Dumas founded the play of
      the Corsican Brothers.

  BLANCHARD, EDMUND FORSTER (_youngest son of Samuel Laman Blanchard
    of London, author 1804–45_). contributed to many periodicals;
    connected with _Lloyd’s Newspaper_ some time; author with Edward
    Wilberforce of _Poems_ 1857; published _The poetical works of
    Oliver Goldsmith with a notice of his life and genius_ 1867. _d._
    20 Air st. Piccadilly, London 25 July 1870 aged 38.

  BLANCHARD, SIDNEY LAMAN (_elder brother of the preceding_). Author
    of _The Ganges and the Seine 2 vols._ 1862; _Yesterday and to-day
    in India_ 1867; _Riddles of love or the knave of hearts 3 vols._
    1871. _d._ Brighton 9 Nov. 1883.

  BLANCHARD, THOMAS. Pantaloon at Covent Garden theatre 26 Dec. 1827;
    acquired considerable repute as a broadswordsman; obtained great
    fame at the old Coburg theatre London for the celebrated drunken
    combat with Thomas Bradley in _The Maid of Genoa_ 1828; said to be
    original inventor of the “one two three and under” style of using
    the broadsword; last appeared as pantaloon at Victoria theatre
    1845; built some cottages at back of Victoria theatre which still
    bear his name; _d._ London 20 Aug. 1859 aged 72.

  BLAND, VENERABLE GEORGE (_2 son of Michael Bland F.R.S. who d. 19
    April 1851 aged 74_). _b._ 1804; ed. at Caius coll. Cam., B.A.
    1828, M.A. 1831; R. of Slinfold Sussex 1836–44; archdeacon of
    Lindisfarne 7 May 1844 to 1853; archdeacon of Northumberland 1853
    to death; R. of St. Mary-le-Bow Durham 1856–59. _d._ The college,
    Durham 17 Feb. 1880.

  BLAND, HUMPHREY. _b._ England 1812; an actor at Surrey theatre
    London 1834; went to America 1844; made his début at Park theatre
    New York 1 Sep. 1845 as Lewson in _The Gamester_; first appeared
    in Philadelphia 4 March 1850 at the Arch st. theatre as Joseph
    Surface in _The school for scandal_. _d._ New York 17 Jany. 1869.

  BLAND, JAMES (_2 son of George Bland of London, actor by Maria
    Theresa Romanzini of London, vocalist 1769–1838_). _b._ 5 March
    1798; made his first appearance in London at English opera house 1
    July 1822 in an operetta called _Love among the roses_; comedian
    at Drury Lane and Haymarket, at Olympic 1831, at Covent Garden
    1839, at Lyceum and Adelphi, and at Strand theatre down to his
    death. _d._ at stage door of Strand theatre, Surrey st. London 17
    July 1861.

  BLAND, LOFTUS HENRY (_3 son of John Bland of Blandsfort, Queen’s
    county who d. 11 Nov. 1810_). _b._ Blandsfort Aug. 1805; ed. at
    Trin. coll. Cam.; B.A. 1825, M.A. 1828; called to Irish bar 1829;
    M.P. for King’s county 26 July 1852 to 23 April 1859; Q.C. 28
    Jany. 1854; chairman of quarter sessions co. Cavan 1862. _d._ 33
    Merrion sq. Dublin 21 Jany. 1872.

  BLAND, MICHAEL (_only child of Thomas Bland of Norwich, merchant who
    d. 28 Aug. 1818 in 79 year_). Partner in firm of Whitbread and Co.
    of London, brewers; F.R.S. 8 Feb. 1816, F.S.A., F.G.S. _d._ 65
    Cambridge terrace, Hyde park, London 19 April 1851 aged 74.

  BLAND, REV. MILES (_son of Thomas Bland_). _b._ Sedbergh 11 Oct.
    1786; ed. at Sedbergh sch. and St. John’s coll. Cam., 2 wrangler
    and Smith’s prizeman 1808, B.A. 1808, M.A. 1811, B.D. 1818, D.D.
    1826, fellow of his college 5 April 1808, assistant tutor 1809,
    tutor to 1823; R. of Lilley, Herts. 16 May 1823 to death; preb. of
    Wells cathedral 18 April 1826 to death; F.R.S. 12 April 1821,
    F.R.A.S., F.S.A.; author of _Algebraical problems_ 1812, _9 ed._
    1849; _Geometrical problems_ 1819, _3 ed._ 1827; _Annotations on
    the historical books of the New Testament 2 vols._ 1828–29;
    _Mechanical and philosophical problems_ 1830. _d._ 5 Royal
    crescent, Ramsgate 27 Dec. 1867.

  BLAND, WILLIAM (_younger son of Robert Bland of London, physician
    who d. 29 June 1816 aged 76_). _b._ London 5 Nov. 1789; surgeon’s
    mate on board a man-of-war; fought a duel with the purser of his
    ship in the Persian gulf when he shot his opponent dead; fought
    another duel with Lieut. Wm. Randall, tried at Calcutta and
    sentenced to 7 years transportation 1814, exiled to Sydney 1814,
    obtained a free pardon; surgeon at Sydney 1815 to death; fined £50
    with 12 months in Paramatta gaol for libelling Governor Macquarie;
    a naval surgeon 7 July 1826; member for Sydney to first elective
    legislature of New South Wales 15 June 1843 to 1848; presented
    with a testimonial of £1000 by people of Sydney 14 Sep. 1858. _d._
    28 College st. Sydney 21 July 1868. _Carlisle’s History of family
    of Bland_ (1826) 235–47; _Illust. news of the world iv_, 68
    (1859), _portrait_; _Heads of the people ii_, 67 (1848),

  BLANE, ARCHIBALD WILLIAM. _b._ 29 March 1788; member of council
    Mauritius; discovered the wealth of the Peel river district
    Australia; deputy governor of Australian Agricultural company 1845
    to death. _d._ Booral, Port Stephens 6 Nov. 1852.

  BLANE, DAVID ANDERSON. _b._ 1801; entered Bombay civil service 1819;
    member of council at Bombay 1 March 1849 to 1854 when he retired
    on annuity. _d._ 21 Prince’s gardens, South Kensington, London 17
    June 1879.

  BLANE, SIR HUGH SEYMOUR, 2 Baronet. _b._ 29 July 1795; ed. at the
    Charterhouse 1803–7; ensign 3 Foot guards 31 March 1814, captain
    30 Aug. 1831 to 1835; succeeded 27 June 1834. _d._ The Pastures
    near Derby 14 April 1869.

  BLANE, ROBERT. Cornet 2 Life Guards 1 Nov. 1831; assistant adjutant
    general and military sec. 1854–55; military attaché at St.
    Petersburgh 21 July 1866 to death; colonel 11 April 1860; C.B. 2
    Jany. 1857. _d._ 11 Eaton terrace, Eaton sq. London 30 May 1871.

  BLANSHARD, THOMAS. Second lieut. R.E. 28 Sep. 1807, colonel 5 July
    1851 to 16 Dec. 1854, M.G. 16 Dec. 1854; C.B. 19 July 1838. _d._
    Grove house, Hampton, Middlesex 19 June 1859 aged 70.

  BLANSHARD, WILLIAM (_eld. son of Richard Blanshard of
    Northallerton_). _b._ 29 June 1802; served in East India company’s
    navy 1817–19; barrister I.T. 16 May 1828; recorder of Ripon
    1830–35; revising barrister 1832–63; advocate in all the Courts of
    Archbishop of Canterbury, who created him M.A. 18 Feb. 1839;
    recorder of Doncaster June 1857 to July 1870; judge of
    Northumberland county court (circuit No. 1.) 10 Jany. 1863 to Oct.
    1871; author of _A treatise on the statutes of limitations_ 1826.
    _d._ Scarborough 28 Nov. 1872.

  BLANTYRE, LADY EVELYN (_2 dau. of 2 Duke of Sutherland 1786–1861_).
    _b._ 2 Hamilton place, Piccadilly, London 8 Aug. 1825. (_m._ 4
    Oct. 1843 Charles Stuart, 12 Baron Blantyre who was _b._ 21 Dec.
    1818). _d._ Nice 24 Nov. 1869. _Sir. H. Nicolas’s Court of Queen
    Victoria_ (1845) 13–18, _portrait_; _Illust. News of the world
    ix_, (1862), _portrait_.

  BLASIS, CARLO (_son of Francesco Antonio Blasis of Naples, ballet
    composer_). _b._ Naples 4 Dec. 1803; a principal dancer at
    Marseilles, Bordeaux, Paris and Milan 1816–26; dancer and ballet
    composer at the King’s theatre London 1826; finishing master of
    the Imperial Academy of dancing at Milan 1 Dec. 1837; ballet
    composer at Royal Italian opera Covent Garden 1846; composed the
    Spanish dances which were performed at the public breakfasts given
    by the Duchess of St. Albans; wrote more than 50 ballets; wrote
    the chapters upon private dancing in _The young lady’s book_
    1828–29; author of _The code of Terpsichore_ 1830. _d._ Cernolio
    near lake of Como Jany. 1878. _Notes upon dancing by C. Blasis_
    (1847) 36–148, _portrait_.

  BLAXLAND, GREGORY. _b._ Kent 1771; emigrated to Sydney 1806; crossed
    the Blue Mountains with W. C. Wentworth May 1813 after several
    unsuccessful attempts had been made to do so; introduced
    cultivation of oaten hay into colony of New South Wales. _d._ 3
    Jany. 1853.

    Piccadilly, London 19 Dec. 1802; M.P. for Monaghan 18 Aug. 1830 to
    8 April 1834, when he succeeded; an Irish representative peer 12
    June 1841 to death. _d._ 18 Jany. 1874.

  BLECKLEY, THOMAS MACDOUGALL (_son of Rev. John Bleckley_). _b._ 13
    Dec. 1828; assistant surgeon in the army 6 Jany. 1854; surgeon
    major 1 March 1873 to 24 Jany. 1880; C.B. 31 March 1874. _d._
    Lorne house, Central hill, Upper Norwood 23 Nov. 1882.

  BLEECK, ARTHUR HENRY. _b._ about 1829; employed in the British
    Museum; held a post in connection with the land transport corps at
    Sinope during Crimean war; author with W. B. Barker of _A
    practical grammar of the Turkish language_ 1854; author of _A
    concise grammar of the Persian language_ 1857; _Catalogue of the
    Napoleon library in the possession of Mr. Joshua Bates privately
    printed_ 1858; _Avesta, the religious books of the Parsees, from
    Spiegel’s German translation of the original manuscripts 3 vols._
    1864. _d._ 56 Bevington road, Kensington 27 Jany. 1877 aged 47.

  BLEEK, WILHELM HEINRICH IMMANUEL (_son of Friedrich Bleek of Berlin,
    biblical critic 1793–1859_). _b._ Berlin 8 March 1827; ed. at Bonn
    and Berlin; studied habits and language of the Kaffirs in Natal
    1855–57; interpreter to Sir George Grey at Cape Town 1857;
    librarian of the valuable collection of rare books presented by
    Sir G. Grey to the colony at Cape Town 1 Feb. 1862 to death;
    granted civil list pension of £150, 18 June 1870. (_m._ Jemima
    Charlotte, she was granted a civil list pension of £100, 13 June
    1877); author of _The languages of Mozambique_ 1856; _The library
    of Sir George Grey 2 vols._ 1858–59; _Comparative grammar of South
    African languages_, _2 parts_ 1862–69; _Reynard the Fox in South
    Africa, or Hottentot tales and fables_ 1864; _Bushman folklore_
    1875. _d._ Cape Town 17 Aug. 1875. _Cape Monthly Mag. xi_, 167–69

  BLENKINS, WILLIAM BAZETT GOODWIN. Captain 6 Bombay native infantry
    26 April 1842 to death; C.B. 4 July 1843. _d._ Bombay 12 June

  BLENKIRON, WILLIAM (_son of Mr. Blenkiron of Marrick near Richmond,
    Yorkshire, farmer_). _b._ Marrick 1807; a general agent at 78½
    Wood st. Cheapside, London 1834–48; a breeder of race horses at
    Dalston 1848, at Middle park near Eltham 1852 to death; his
    breeding stud gradually became the largest in England; held his
    first sale of blood stock at Middle park June 1856, held two
    annual sales there 1867 to death; bred Hermit winner of the Derby
    1867, and Gamos winner of the Oaks 1870; gave 5000 guineas for
    Blink Bonny, 5000 guineas for Blair Athol, and 5800 guineas for
    Gladiateur; founded the great two year old race at Newmarket,
    namely The Middle Park Plate 1866. _d._ Middle Park 25 Sep. 1871
    in 64 year. _Rice’s History of the British turf ii_, 338–44
    (1879); _Gent. Mag. iii_, 451–62 (1869); _I.L.N. lix_, 377 (1871),
    _portrait_; _Illust. sporting and dramatic news i_, 181 (1874),
    _portrait_; _Sporting life 27 Sep. 1871_, _p._ 2, _cols._ 1, 5, 4
    _Oct._ _p._ 2, _col._ 6.

  BLEWITT, JONATHAN (_son of Jonas Blewitt of London, organist who d.
    1805_). _b._ about 1781; organist in London, at Haverhill and at
    Brecon; organist of St. Andrew’s Dublin; composer and director of
    music at T. R. Dublin; grand organist to Freemasons of Ireland;
    wrote pantomime music for most of the London theatres 1826–52;
    director of music at Sadler’s Wells Theatre 1828–29, at Vauxhall
    gardens 1838 and at Tivoli gardens Margate; wrote a few light
    operas and upwards of 2000 pieces of vocal music, most of them
    comic songs, the best known are _Barney Brallaghan’s Courtship_
    and _The merry little fat grey man_ 1845, which he used to sing
    inimitably; composed the tune of _The Perfect Cure_ 1844 which was
    associated with a now forgotten song called _The monkey and the
    nuts_, 20 years afterwards it was utilised by James Hurst Stead
    who became known as The Perfect Cure, and cleared more than £2000
    by linking the tune with other words. _d._ London 4 Sep. 1853 in
    73 year.

  BLEWITT, OCTAVIAN (_son of John Edwards Blewitt of London, merchant
    1784–1860_). _b._ St. Helen’s place, Bishopsgate, London 3 Oct.
    1810; ed. at Plymouth gr. sch.; travelled in Italy, Egypt, Greece,
    Turkey and other countries 1837–39; secretary of Royal literary
    fund in London 13 March 1839 to death; elected a member of the
    Athenæum club 1848 by a majority of 112 votes to 2; F.G.S. 1835; a
    knight of order of Leopold of Belgium 1872; edited the newspaper
    portion of the _Gardener’s Chronicle_ 1840–69; author of _A
    panorama of Torquay_ 1830; _A sketch of the district comprised
    between the Dart and the Teign_ 1832; _Treatise on the happiness
    arising from the exercise of the Christian faith_ 1832; _Handbook
    for travellers in Central Italy_ 1843 (_anon._) _2 ed._ (_with the
    author’s name_) 1850; _Handbook for travellers in Southern Italy_
    1853. _d._ 133 Elgin crescent, London 4 Nov. 1884. _Biograph v_,
    170–85 (1881).

  BLEWITT, REGINALD JAMES (_2 son of Edward Blewitt of Llantarnam
    abbey, Monmouthshire who d. 8 March 1832 in 70 year_). _b._ 26 May
    1799; ed. at Rugby; solicitor at 8 New square Lincoln’s Inn London
    1821–27; M.P. for borough of Monmouth 24 July 1837 to March 1852;
    established the _Monmouthshire Merlin_ a liberal paper 1829,
    edited it 1829–32; manager of Monmouthshire bank which failed for
    a very large sum. _d._ The Priory, Putney 11 Sep. 1878. _Law Times
    lxv_, 405 (1878).

  BLIGH, SIR JOHN DUNCAN (_2 son of John Bligh, 4 Earl of Darnley
    1767–1831_). _b._ London 11 Oct. 1798; ed. at Eton, and Ch. Ch.
    Ox., B.A. 1821, B.C.L. 1828, D.C.L. 1836; paid attaché in Paris 9
    May 1828; sec. of legation at Florence 30 July 1829; sec. of
    embassy at The Hague 1 Nov. 1830; Min. plenipo. at The Hague 3
    July 1832, at St. Petersburg 7 Sep. 1832, at Stockholm 28 Oct.
    1835, and at Hanover 17 April 1838 to 14 June 1856 when he
    retired; C.B. 1 March 1851, K.C.B. 30 Sep. 1856. _d._ Sandgate,
    Kent 8 May 1872.

  BLIGHT, WILLIAM. Entered navy 9 May 1793; captain 22 July 1830;
    retired R.A. 27 Sep. 1855. _d._ Stonehouse, Plymouth 22 July 1862
    aged 77.

  BLISS, HENRY (_4 son of Jonathan Bliss of New Brunswick_). _b._ New
    Brunswick; barrister I.T. 9 Feb. 1827, bencher 1850, reader 1863,
    treasurer 1864; Q.C. 1850; agent in England for Nova Scotia many
    years; author of _On colonial intercourse_ 1830; _Statistics of
    the trade, industry and resources of Canada_ 1833; _State trials,
    specimen of a new edition by N. T. Moile, pseud._ 1838; _Cicero, a
    drama by N. T. Moile_, 1847; _Robespierre, a tragedy_ 1854. _d._
    Folkestone 31 July 1873 aged 76.

  BLISS, REV. PHILIP (_son of Rev. Philip Bliss 1742–1803 R. of
    Frampton Cotterell, Gloucs_). _b._ Chipping Sodbury, Gloucs. 21
    Dec. 1787; ed. at Merchant Taylors’ 1797–1806 and St. John’s coll.
    Ox., scholar 1806, law fellow 1809, B.C.L. 1815, D.C.L. 1820;
    assistant librarian Bodleian library 1810, under librarian July
    1822 to Dec. 1828; prepared the first 136 pages of the catalogue
    issued 1814; C. of Newington, Oxon. 1817 to Feb. 1830; registrar
    of the University 1824 to April 1853; chaplain at Studley Priory
    1830–55; registrar of the University Court 1831; principal of St.
    Mary hall Ox. April 1848 to death; edited Bishop Earle’s
    _Microcosmography_ 1811; Anthony à Wood’s _Athenæ Oxonienses and
    Fasti 4 vols._ 1813–20; _Reliquiæ Hearnianæ the remains of Thomas
    Hearne 2 vols._ 1857, _2 ed._ 1869 and many other books. _d._ the
    Lodgings St. Mary Hall, Oxford 18 Nov. 1857. _Dict. of Nat. Biog.
    v_, 221–22 (1886).

  BLITZ, ANTONIO. _b._ Deal, Kent 21 June 1810; made his first
    appearance on the stage as a ventriloquist and conjurer at Hamburg
    Sep. 1823; performed in all the cities of North Europe; first
    appeared in England at Dover Dec. 1825, and in London at Coburg
    theatre, Lent 1828; sailed for New York 1 Aug. 1834; in 1870 there
    were 13 conjurers travelling in America under assumed name of
    Blitz. _d._ Philadelphia 28 Jany. 1877. _Fifty years in the magic
    circle by Signor Blitz_ (1871), _portrait_.

  BLOCHMANN, HENRY. _b._ Dresden 7 Jany. 1838; landed at Calcutta Sep.
    1858; professor of mathematics at the Doveton college Calcutta
    1862–65; M.A. Calcutta Univ. 1865; assistant professor of the
    Calcutta Madrassa 1865, principal 1875 to death; member of Asiatic
    Society of Bengal 6 April 1864, sec. 1868 to death; author of _The
    Prosody of the Persians_ 1872; _School geography of India_ 1873;
    _English and Urdu school dictionary Romanized_, _8 ed._ 1877; _The
    first geography, 17 ed._ 1879. _d._ Calcutta 13 July 1878. _Proc.
    of Asiatic Society of Bengal_ (1878) 164–67.

  BLOCKLEY, JOHN. _b._ 1801; Music publisher at 3 Argyll st. Regent
    st. London; composed many ballads, several of which were very
    popular namely the duet _List tis music stealing_ and the songs
    _Love not_ and _The Englishman_. _d._ 6 Park road, Haverstock
    hill, London 24 Dec. 1882.

  BLOIS, SIR CHARLES, 7 Baronet. _b._ Sway, Hants. 1794; lieut. col.
    East Suffolk militia 1844 to 1853; succeeded 20 Aug. 1850. _d._
    Cockfield hall, Suffolk 12 June 1855.

    near Exeter 3 Aug. 1820; succeeded 30 June 1858, V. of All Saint’s
    Pontefract 1859–72; master of Archbishop Holgate’s hospital near
    Hemsworth 1872 to death. _d._ Holgate lodge, Pontefract 21 Nov.

  BLOMEFIELD, SIR THOMAS WILLIAM, 2 Baronet. _b._ Arlington st.
    Piccadilly, London 24 March 1791; succeeded 24 Aug. 1822. _d._
    Egremont lodge, Brighton 30 June 1858.

  BLOMFIELD, RIGHT REV. CHARLES JAMES (_eld. son of Charles Blomfield
    of Bury St. Edmunds, school master who d. 28 Sep. 1831 in 69
    year_). _b._ Bury St. Edmunds 29 May 1786; ed. at Bury gr. sch.
    and Trin. coll. Cam.; scholar 1805, fellow Oct. 1809, Craven Univ.
    scholar 1806, 3 wrangler and Chancellor’s classical medallist
    1808; B.A. 1808, M.A. 1811, B.D. 1818, D.D. 1820; R. of Dunton,
    Bucks. Dec. 1811; V. and R. of Great and Little Chesterford July
    1817; R. of Tuddenham, Suffolk 1817; R. of St. Botolph,
    Bishopsgate May 1820; archdeacon of Colchester 15 Jany. 1822 to 4
    June 1824; bishop of Chester 8 June 1824, consecrated in Whitehall
    chapel 20 June; bishop of London 15 Aug. 1828 to 30 Sep. 1856 when
    he resigned on a pension of £6000; P.C. 31 July 1828; admitted
    dean of chapels royal 12 Dec. 1828, enthroned in St. Paul’s
    cathedral 16 Jany. 1829; member of Ecclesiastical commission 1836
    of which he was the moving spirit; published editions of
    _Prometheus Vinctus_ 1810, _Septem contra Thebas_ 1812, _Persæ_
    1814, _Choephoræ_ 1821; an edition of _Callimachus_ 1815 and of
    _Euripides_ 1821; wrote on classical subjects for _Edinburgh_ and
    _Quarterly Reviews_, and for the _Museum Criticum_ a journal
    established by himself and James Henry Monk 1813. _d._ Fulham
    palace 5 Aug. 1857. _A memoir of C. J. Blomfield edited by his son
    Alfred Blomfield, 2 ed._ 1864; _Rev. G. E. Biber’s Bishop
    Blomfield and his times_ 1857; _H. Martineau’s Biographical
    sketches, 4 ed._ (1876) 167–74; _I.L.N. xxiv_, 401 (1854),

  BLOOD, BINDON. _b._ Cranacher, Ireland; lived at 22 Queen st.
    Edinburgh 1829–42; an original member of the Abbotsford Club 20
    March 1833; a great collector of books which were piled in great
    heaps in his garrets, cellars and warerooms like unsorted goods;
    known as The Vampire and The Dragon. _d._ Ireland 1855. _Crombie’s
    Modern Athenians_ (1882) 11–14, _portrait_; _J. H. Burton’s The
    bookhunter, new ed._ (1882) 55–58.

  BLOOD, CLEMENTS. Lieutenant Bombay artillery 10 June 1821; major
    Bombay artillery 10 Nov. 1854; brigadier in command at Ahmednuggur
    12 March 1855 to 18 Feb. 1858, and at Hyderabad 18 Feb. 1858 to 12
    May 1859 when he retired with rank of M.G. _d._ Chiswick,
    Middlesex 10 April 1869 aged 63.

  BLOOD, RICHARD. Lieutenant 6 Bombay N.I. 20 April 1819, lieut. col.
    1 European regiment 1 Nov. 1852 to 18 May 1858; M.G. 1 Dec. 1858.
    _d._ 6 Circus road, St. John’s Wood, London 8 July 1877 aged 74.

    Benjamin Bloomfield, 1 Baron Bloomfield 1768–1846_). _b._ 12 Nov.
    1802; attaché at Vienna 16 Feb. 1818; envoy extraord. and min.
    plenipo. at St. Petersburgh 3 April 1844, at Berlin 28 April 1851,
    at Vienna 22 Nov. 1860 to 28 Oct. 1871 when he retired on a
    pension; succeeded 15 Aug. 1846; C.B. 27 April 1848, K.C.B. 1
    March 1851, G.C.B. 3 Sep. 1858, P.C. 17 Dec. 1860; created Baron
    Bloomfield of Ciamhaltha in the United Kingdom 7 Aug. 1871. (_m._
    4 Sep. 1845 Georgiana 16 and youngest child of 1 Baron
    Ravensworth, she was _b._ 13 April 1822). _d._ Ciamhaltha,
    Newport, Tipperary 17 Aug. 1879. _Reminiscences of court and
    diplomatic life by Georgiana Baroness Bloomfield ii_, 310 (1883),

  BLOOMFIELD, HENRY KEANE. Ensign 59 Foot 30 Sep. 1813; lieut. col. 11
    Foot 27 June 1845 to 1 April 1859 when placed on h.p.; colonel 64
    Foot 20 Jany. 1867 to death; L.G. 13 Aug. 1868. _d._ 108 Jermyn
    st. Piccadilly, London 11 Feb. 1870 aged 72.

  BLOOMFIELD, SIR JOHN (_son of Patrick Bloomfield of Sligo_). _b._
    1793; ed. at Woolwich; 2 lieut. R.A. 28 April 1810, colonel 28
    Nov. 1854, colonel commandant 5 April 1866 to death; aide-de-camp
    to the Queen 20 June 1854 to 25 Sep. 1859; inspector general of
    artillery 1 May 1859 to 30 June 1864; general 26 Nov. 1876; K.C.B.
    13 March 1867, G.C.B. 24 May 1873. _d._ 108 Jermyn st. London 1
    Aug. 1880.

  BLOOMFIELD, REV. SAMUEL THOMAS. Educ. at Sid. Sus. coll. Cam., B.A.
    1808, M.A. 1811, D.D. 1829; V. of Bisbrooke, Rutland 1814 to
    death; hon. canon of Peterborough cath. 1854 to death; granted
    civil list pension of £200, 30 June 1846; author of _Recensio
    synoptica annotationis sacræ, being a critical digest of the most
    important annotations on the New Testament 8 vols._ 1826–28;
    _Translation of Thucydides 3 vols._ 1829; _The Greek Testament
    with English notes 2 vols._ 1832, _12 ed._ 1870; _A Greek and
    English lexicon to the New Testament_ 1840, _2 ed._ 1845. _d._
    Hone house, Wandsworth common near London 28 Sep. 1869 aged 85.

  BLORE, EDWARD (_eld. son of Thomas Blore of Derby, topographer
    1764–1818_). _b._ Derby 13 Sep. 1787; architect and artist;
    designed exterior of Abbotsford for Sir Walter Scott 1816;
    designed organ-screen and choir fittings of Peterborough
    cathedral; restored Glasgow cathedral and Merton college chapel;
    special architect to Wm. iv and Victoria; completed erection of
    Buckingham Palace for £100,000, 1837; architect at Westminster
    Abbey; declined honour of knighthood; F.S.A. 27 Nov. 1823; D.C.L.
    Oxford 1834; F.R.S. 10 June 1841; a founder of Royal Archæological
    Institute Dec. 1843; author of _The monumental remains of noble
    and eminent persons comprising the sepulchral antiquities of Great
    Britain_ 1825. _d._ 4 Manchester sq. London 4 Sep. 1879. _Proc. of
    Soc. of Antiq. viii_, 347–52 (1881); _I.L.N. lxxv_, 280 (1879),

  BLORE, REV. EDWARD WILLIAM (_elder son of the preceding_). _b._
    London 24 Jany. 1828; ed. at Eton 1842–47, member of the cricket
    eleven; began residence at Trin. coll. Cam. Oct. 1847, scholar
    1849, fellow Oct. 1853; in the Cambridge eleven 1848–51; 37
    wrangler 1851, B.A. 1851; assistant tutor of his college 1857,
    tutor 1862, senior tutor 1868–75, senior dean 1860–66; prime mover
    in restoration of Trin. coll. chapel, only important building in
    England founded by Queen Mary. _d._ Trinity college, Cambridge 24
    June 1885. _The little journal i_, 77–88 (1884).

  BLORE, ROBERT. Manufacturer of small porcelain biscuit figures in
    Bridge gate, Derby 1830; very clever in making pastes and glazes;
    an assistant at Mason’s factory at Lane Delph; superintended a
    pot-works at Middlesbrough until his death. _d._ about 1866.

  BLOUNT, SIR EDWARD, 8 Baronet. _b._ Mawley hall, Cleobury Mortimer,
    Salop 3 March 1795; succeeded 31 Oct. 1803; sheriff of
    Worcestershire 1835. _d._ Mawley hall 28 April 1881.

  BLOXAM, REV. ANDREW (_4 son of Rev. Richard Rouse Bloxam, assistant
    master of Rugby school 38 years who d. 28 March 1840_). _b._ Rugby
    22 Sep. 1801; ed. at Rugby 1808–20 and Worcester coll. Ox., B.A.
    1824, M.A. 1827; fellow of his college; naturalist on board the
    Blonde frigate (which conveyed bodies of King and Queen of
    Sandwich Islands to their native land) 1824–26; P.C. of Twycross,
    Leics. 1839–71; R. of Harborough Magna 1871 to death; wrote on
    conchology, ornithology and plants; author of _A guide to Bradgate
    park with natural history of Charnwood Forest_ 1829. _d._
    Harborough Magna 2 Feb. 1878. _Midland Naturalist_, _April 1878
    pp._ 88–90.

      NOTE.—A water-colour drawing by Turner in the National Gallery
      represents A. Bloxam and his five brothers attending the
      funeral of their uncle Sir T. Lawrence, R.A.

  BLOXAM, CHARLES JOHN. Admitted solicitor Trinity term 1821;
    practised in London to death, probably oldest solicitor in
    practice on the rolls; senior member of court of Clothworkers’
    Company, served as master when the new hall was opened by Prince
    Albert 27 March 1860. _d._ 16 Bedford place, Russell sq. London 25
    Feb. 1885 in 85 year.

  BLOXAM, REV. RICHARD ROWLAND (_elder brother of Rev. A. Bloxam_).
    _b._ Jany. 1798; ed. at Rugby and Worcester coll. Ox., B.A. 1819;
    master of Guilsborough gr. sch. 1821–24; chaplain of Pembroke
    dockyard 1845; domestic chaplain to Earl Ferrers 1848; R. of
    Harlaston, Tamworth 1850 to death; author of _A voyage to the
    Sandwich Islands in H.M.S. Blonde_. _d._ Leamington 23 Jany. 1877.

  BLOXAM, THOMAS. _b._ London 1836; ed. at city of London school and
    King’s college; chemist to Industrial museum of Scotland 1860 to
    date when office was abolished; lecturer on chemistry at St.
    George’s hospital London; lecturer in experimental and natural
    science at Cheltenham college 1862 to death; F.C.S. 1859, F.G.S.
    1869. _d._ London July 1872. _Cheltenham College Mag. iii_, 258–59

  BLUNDELL, FREDERICK. Second lieutenant Madras artillery 1813,
    colonel 4 May 1858 to death; C.B. 24 Dec. 1842; M.G. 28 Nov. 1854.
    _d._ Cheltenham 5 July 1860 aged 62.

  BLUNDELL, JAMES. _b._ London 27 Dec. 1790; ed. at United Borough
    hospitals and Univ. of Edin., M.D. 24 June 1813; physician in
    London 1813 to death; L.R.C.P. 25 June 1818, F.R.C.P. 6 Aug. 1838;
    lecturer at Guy’s hospital 1819 to 1836; his class on Midwifery
    was largest in London; author of _Researches, physiological and
    pathological_ 1825; _Principles and practice of Obstetricy_ 1834;
    _Observations on some of the more important diseases of women_
    1837; _d._ 80 Piccadilly, London 15 Jany. 1878. Personalty sworn
    under £350,000, 9 Feb. 1878. _Pettigrew’s Medical portrait gallery
    vol. 1_ (1840), _portrait_; _W. C. Taylor’s National portrait
    gallery ii_, 59 (1846), _portrait_; _Medical Circular i_, 283

  BLUNT, JOHN ELIJAH. Ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.; B.A. 1819, M.A. 1822;
    barrister L.I. 24 June 1822; a comr. in lunacy 1833–42; master in
    chancery 26 Nov. 1849 to death; author of _A history of the
    establishment and residence of the Jews in England with an enquiry
    into their civil disabilities_ 1830. _d._ 45 Dover st. Piccadilly,
    London 28 June 1856 aged 59.

  BLUNT, REV. JOHN HENRY. _b._ Chelsea 25 Aug. 1823; a manufacturing
    chemist in London; entered Univ. coll. Durham 1850, L. Th. 1852,
    hon. M.A. 1855, hon. D.D. June 1882; C. of Tynemouth,
    Northumberland 1853–54; C. of Breamore, Hants. 1867–68; V. of
    Kennington near Oxford 1868–73; R. of Beverstone, Gloucs. 20 Jany.
    1873 to death; F.S.A. 7 June 1866; author of _The Atonement_ 1855;
    _Three essays on the Reformation_ 1860; _Key to the Bible_ 1865;
    _Annotated book of Common Prayer_ 1866, _new ed._ 1884; _History
    of the Reformation_ 1868; _Dictionary of theology_ 1870, _2 ed._
    1872; _The book of church law_ 1872; _Dictionary of sects and
    heresies_ 1874; _Annotated Bible_ 1878 and many other books. _d._
    London 11 April 1884. _Church Times 18 April 1884 p._ 303.

  BLUNT, REV. JOHN JAMES (_son of Rev. John Blunt V. of
    Lilleshall, Shropshire who d. 14 June 1843 aged 77_). _b._
    Newcastle-under-Lyme 1794; entered St. John’s coll. Cam. 1812,
    first Bell scholar 1813, 15 wrangler 1816, B.A. 1816, M.A.
    1819, B.D. 1826, fellow of his college 1816; travelling
    bachelor 1818, travelled in Italy and Sicily; C. of Hodnet,
    Shropshire 1823; C. of Chetwynd, Shropshire; Hulsean lecturer
    at Cam. 1831–32; R. of Great Oakley, Essex 1834–39; Lady
    Margaret professor of divinity at Cambridge 9 May 1839;
    offered the bishopric of Salisbury 1854; author of _Vestiges
    of ancient manners and customs discoverable in modern Italy
    and Sicily_ 1823; _Sketch of the Reformation in England_ 1832,
    _29 ed._ 1875; _The acquirements and principal obligations and
    duties of the parish priest_ 1856, _6 ed._ 1872; _A history of
    the Christian church during the first three centuries_ 1856,
    _4 ed._ 1869; _On the right use of the early fathers, two
    series of lectures_ 1857, _2 ed._ 1858. _d._ Cambridge 17 June
    1855. _Rev. J. J. Blunt’s Two introductory lectures on the
    study of the early Fathers, 2 ed._ 1856 _v-xii_; _Quarterly
    Review civ_, 151–70 (1858); _Guardian 10 May 1882 pp._ 665–66;
    _Cambridge Chronicle 23 June 1855_.

  BLUNT, RICHARD. Ensign 3 Foot 31 Jany. 1787; lieut. col. 23 Aug.
    1799 to 1814; colonel 66 Foot 25 March 1835 to death; general 23
    Nov. 1841. _d._ Barnfield house, Southampton 25 Dec. 1859 aged 90.

  BLYTH, BENJAMIN HALL (_son of Robert Brittain Blyth of Edinburgh,
    iron merchant_). _b._ Edinburgh 14 July 1819; civil engineer at
    Edin. 1850 to death; engineer in chief to Great North of Scotland
    railway 1852; acted as adviser and engineer at various times to
    most of the principal railway companies in Scotland; constructed
    many important lines; extensively employed as a parliamentary
    engineer; A.I.C.E. 1844, M.I.C.E. 1851. _d._ North Berwick near
    Edin. 21 or 22 Aug. 1866. _Min. of proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxvi_,
    556–60 (1867).

  BLYTH, EDWARD, _b._ London 23 Dec. 1810; a druggist at Tooting 1832;
    contributed to _Magazine of natural history_ from 1833; curator of
    museum of Asiatic Society of Bengal at Calcutta Sep. 1841 to 1862;
    contributed to the _Indian Field_, _India sporting review_ and
    _Calcutta Review_; contributed to _Land and Water_ and the _Field_
    under nom de plume of Zoophilus; one of the first zoologists of
    his time, and founder of the study of that science in India, _d._
    27 Dec. 1873. _Memoir prefixed to Catalogue of mammals and birds
    of Burma by E. Blyth in Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal extra
    number Aug. 1875, portrait._

  BLYTHE, DAVID (_son of Charles Blythe of Yetholm, Roxburghshire,
    king of the gipsies who d. 1861_). _b._ Wooler, Northumberland
    1795; king of the gipsies at Yetholm 1861 to death. _d._ 17 Feb.
    1883. _bur._ in Chirnside churchyard. _David Blythe the gipsy
    king, a character sketch by Charles Stuart, M.D._ 1883,
    _portrait_; _All the year round vi_, 69–72 (1861).

  BLYTHE, JOHN DEAN (_son of Peter Dean Blythe of Ashton-under-Lyne_).
    _b._ Ashton-under-Lyne 12 April 1842; worked in a factory;
    reporter on a local paper; learned Latin, French and Spanish;
    edited a manuscript magazine circulated amongst members of a
    self-improvement society at Manchester; killed by accidental
    discharge of a revolver 5 Feb. 1869. _A sketch of the life and a
    selection from the writings of J. D. Blythe_ 1870.

  BOAG, JOHN. _b._ Highgate in parish of Beith, Ayrshire 7 Jany. 1775;
    matric. at Univ. of Glasgow 1797; joined the body of independents
    or congregationalists who in 1812 formed themselves into
    Congregational Union of Scotland; held small charges in Isle of
    Man and Helensburgh; pastor in village of Blackburn,
    Linlithgowshire; author of _A popular and complete English
    dictionary 2 vols._ 1848; _The imperial lexicon of the English
    language 2 vols._ 1853, and of a number of pamphlets on questions
    of the day. _d._ Craigton house, Linlithgowshire 15 Sep. 1863.

  BOAG, SIR ROBERT (_son of the preceding_). _b._ 22 Aug. 1809;
    alderman of Belfast; knighted at Dublin Castle 30 Jany. 1877.
    (_m._ 1834 Violet only dau. of John Stevens of Glasgow). _d._
    Glenorchy house, Newington, Edinburgh 7 Nov. 1877.

  BOASE, CHARLES WILLIAM (_3 son of Henry Boase 1763–1827, managing
    partner in banking house of Ransom, Morland and Co. Pall Mall,
    London_). _b._ 6 Knightsbridge, London 8 June 1804; ed. at Helston
    gr. sch.; entered Dundee New Bank 1821, manager 1828; cashier of
    Dundee Banking company 13 March 1838, manager 1840 to 20 Feb. 1864
    when it was merged in Royal bank of Scotland, managed the branch
    to 21 Dec. 1867 when he retired on a pension; secretary and
    treasurer of Watt Institution Dundee 1824–36, founded the museum
    to which he largely contributed; received freedom of Dundee 1 Sep.
    1831 for his exertions in aiding to procure it a liberal
    constitution; one of the trustees elected by the creditors when
    town of Dundee became bankrupt 1842; a member of the Catholic
    Apostolic or Irvingite church 1836, erected a little chapel in
    Bell st. Dundee which the congregation used until 30 Nov. 1867
    when church in Constitution road was opened; ordained to the
    priesthood Oct. 1836 and to the Episcopate Aug. 1851; had charge
    of the Evangelistic work throughout Scotland Dec. 1867 to death;
    author of _Tithes and Offerings_ 1865; _A century of banking in
    Dundee_ 1867; _The Elijah ministry_ 1868; _Notes on doctrine and
    ecclesiastical facts_ 1868; _Physical a part of theological
    science, 2 ed._ 1874. _d._ Albury, Surrey 7 June 1872. _W.
    Norrie’s Dundee Celebrities_ (1873) 397–99; _An account of the
    families of Boase or Bowes privately printed_ (1876) 13–14.

  BOASE, GEORGE CLEMENT (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 127 Sloane
    St. Chelsea 25 Aug. 1810; ed. at Exeter gr. sch. and Queen’s coll.
    Cam. 1828–29; cashier of Dundee Banking company April 1840 to Feb.
    1864; sub-manager of Dundee branch of Royal Bank of Scotland Feb.
    1864 to 21 Dec. 1867 when he retired on a pension; a member of the
    Catholic Apostolic church 1836, ordained to the priesthood Oct.
    1836, had charge of the church at Brighton 1868 to death; author
    of _To husbands, fathers and brothers specially those of the
    labouring classes being a warning against prevailing delusions by
    a Brother_ [_G. C. Boase_] 1848; _The restoration of Apostles_
    1867; _Thoughts and memories in verse by G. C. B[oase] 1876_. _d._
    Fairlie house, Bridge of Allan near Stirling 23 July 1880. _An
    account of the families of Boase_ 15–16.

  BOASE, HENRY SAMUEL (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 6
    Knightsbridge, London 2 Sep. 1799; ed. at Tiverton gr. sch.;
    studied chemistry in Dublin 1815–17 and medicine in Univ. of Edin.
    1817–21, M.D. 1821; sec. to Royal Geological Society of Cornwall
    at Penzance 1822 to 1829; collected from every part of Cornwall
    specimens of the rocks 1829–31 which were deposited in Geological
    Museum at Penzance; a partner in the Penzance Union Bank 1823 to
    April 1838 when bank was dissolved; lived in Burton crescent,
    London 1837–38; F.R.S. 4 May 1837; managing partner in firm of
    Turnbull Brothers of the Claverhouse Bleachfield, Dundee June
    1838, this firm became Boase & Co.; took out a patent for
    ‘improvements in the process of drying organic substances’ 17 July
    1855; author of _A treatise on primary geology_ 1834; _The
    philosophy of nature_ 1860; _An essay on human nature_ 1865; _The
    second Adam, the seed of the woman. Anon._ 1876; _A few words on
    evolution and creation_ 1883; wrote a minute geological account of
    each parish in _The parochial history of Cornwall by D. Gilbert 4
    vols._ 1837. _d._ 5 Magdalen place, Dundee 5 May 1883. _Dict. of
    Nat. Biog. v_, 282–3 (1886); _An account of the families of Boase_

  BOATE, EDWARD WELLINGTON (_eld. son of George Boate of Waterford_).
    Edited the Waterford _Chronicle_ and Wexford _Guardian_; a
    reporter for the Times in the House of Commons; went to New York;
    worked on the _Irish American_, _Evening Express_, and other
    journals; joined the 42nd New York Volunteers 1863; taken prisoner
    at battle of Bristo station and sent to Belle Island; comr. and
    chairman of delegation of 95,000 men to negotiate with Abraham
    Lincoln for an exchange of prisoners; a reporter on the _Sunday
    Mercury_ to Sep. 1871. _d._ King’s county hospital, Flatbush,
    Pittsburgh, Philadelphia 4 Oct. 1871 aged 49.

  BOAZ, THOMAS (_eld. son of Richard Boaz of Scarborough,
    ship-carpenter_). _b._ Scarborough 10 Aug. 1806; studied at
    Theological seminary Newport Pagnel 1829–33; ordained at
    Manchester 18 June 1834; Congregational minister of Union chapel
    Calcutta Dec. 1834 to Dec. 1858; LLD. King’s college Aberdeen
    1849; sole editor and proprietor of _Calcutta Christian Advocate_,
    May 1839 to 1853; one of editors of _Calcutta Christian Observer_
    1835–47. _d._ 6 Priory grove, West Brompton, London 13 Oct. 1861.
    _The Mission pastor, memorials of Rev. T. Boaz by his widow_
    (1862), _portrait_.

  BOCHSA, ROBERT NICOLAS CHARLES. _b._ Montmédi, France 9 Aug. 1789;
    harpist to Emperor Napoleon 1813; may fairly be said to have
    revolutionised harp playing; fled to London having been detected
    in extensive forgeries 1817; tried in his absence and condemned to
    12 years imprisonment; joint manager with Sir G. Smart of the Lent
    Oratorios 1822, sole manager 1823; professor of the harp and
    general sec. at R.A. of Music 24 March 1824 to 1827; conductor at
    the King’s theatre 1826–32; ran away with Sir H. R. Bishop’s wife
    1839; visited every country in Europe except France; went to
    United States 1847; appeared at Prince of Wales’s theatre Sydney
    22 Dec. 1855; wrote an oratorio called _Le déluge universel_, 8
    operas, a Method and many solo pieces, _d._ Sydney 7 Jany. 1856.

  BODDAM, EDWARD TUDOR. Entered Madras army 11 Dec. 1841; lieut. col.
    staff corps 11 Dec. 1867; M.G. 16 June 1876. _d._ 12 Feb. 1880
    aged 55.

  BODDINGTON, HENRY JOHN (_2 son of Edward Williams of London,
    artist_), _b._ London 1811; exhibited pictures at the R.A. 1837 to
    death; member of Society of British artists 1842, exhibited about
    10 pictures every year at their gallery in Suffolk st. 1842 to
    death, his paintings are mostly taken from quiet English country
    life. (_m._ 1832 Clara Boddington whose name he adopted). _d._
    Barnes, Surrey 11 April 1865.

  BODE, REV. JOHN ERNEST (_son of Wm. Bode of the General Post Office,
    London_). _b._ 1816; ed. at Eton, the Charterhouse and Ch. Ch.
    Ox., Hertford scholar (the first) 1835, B.A. 1837, M.A. 1840;
    student and tutor of his college 1841–47, censor 1844; R. of
    Westwell Oxon. 1847–60; select preacher 1848; surrogate 1850–60;
    Bampton lecturer 1855; contested chair of poetry in Univ. of Ox.
    1857; R. of Castle Camps, Cambridge 1860 to death; author of
    _Ballads from Herodotus_ 1853, _2 ed._ 1854; _Lecture on the
    English formularies_ 1855; _Short occasional poems_ 1858; _Hymns
    from the Gospel of the day_ 1860. _d._ Castle Camps rectory 6 Oct.

  BODEN, GEORGE (_youngest son of John Boden of Edmonton lodge,
    Derbyshire_). _b._ 22 Jany. 1816; ed. at Rugby and Trin. coll.
    Cam., B.A. 1841, M.A. 1845; barrister I.T. 30 April 1841, bencher
    30 April 1862, treasurer 1876; recorder of Stamford Feb. 1855;
    recorder of Derby 7 May 1859 to death; Q.C. 6 Feb. 1862. _d._ 7
    Queen’s gardens, Hyde park, London 16 Feb. 1880.

  BODEN, SAMUEL STANDIGE. _b._ Hull 11 April 1826; clerk in South
    Eastern railway office at Nine Elms, London 1849; edited _British
    Chess review_ 1854–55, contributing a large portion of its
    contents; conducted chess department of _The Field_ 24 April 1858
    to Jany. 1869; exhibited 5 landscapes at Suffolk st. gallery
    1865–73. _d._ Tavistock st. Bedford sq. London 13 Jany. 1882.
    _Westminster Papers ix_, 89 (1876), _portrait_; _Illust. news of
    the world viii_, 164 (1861), _portrait_.

  BODENHAM, CHARLES THOMAS (_only son of Charles Bodenham of Rotherwas
    park, near Hereford 1758–1826_). _b._ 15 Feb. 1783; a member of
    the Roman Catholic board; chief supporter with Rev. Thomas Weld,
    afterwards Cardinal, of Dr. Milner in opposing the concessions
    which it was proposed to make in regard to the oath. (_m._ 25 Nov.
    1810 Elizabeth Mary 5 dau. of Thomas Weld of Lulworth Castle,
    Dorset, she was _b._ 2 July 1789, and was author of _Mrs. Herbert
    and the villagers or familiar conversations on the principal
    duties of Christianity 2 vols._ 1853, _10 ed._ 1878). _d._ 5 Dec.

  BODINGTON, GEORGE. Ed. at Magdalen coll. sch. Oxford; studied at St.
    Bartholomew’s hospital; L.S.A. 1825; surgeon at Erdington near
    Birmingham to 1843; proprietor of Driffold house asylum, Sutton
    Coldfield, Warws. 1836–68; warden of Sutton Coldfield 1852–54;
    author of _A letter on a case of Asiatic cholera addressed to
    Central board of health, London_ 1831; _Essay on the treatment and
    cure of pulmonary consumption_ 1840, in which he anticipated by
    many years the modern views on the treatment of Phthisis. _d._
    Sutton Coldfield 5 Feb. 1882 in 83 year. _Medical times and
    gazette i_, 241 (1882).

  BODKIN, JOHN JAMES (_eld. son of Thomas Bodkin of Kilcloony, co.
    Galway_). _b._ 1801; M.P. for town of Galway 6 May 1831 to Dec.
    1832, and for co. Galway 15 Jany. 1835 to 23 July 1847. _d._
    Calais Jany. 1882.

  BODKIN, SIR WILLIAM HENRY (_only son of Peter Bodkin of Northampton
    sq. London, auctioneer_). _b._ Islington, London 5 Aug. 1791; ed.
    at Islington academy; hon. sec. to Society for suppression of
    mendicity 1821; barrister G.I. 15 Nov. 1826, bencher 2 July 1857,
    treasurer 30 Jany. 1858; counsel to the Treasury; recorder of
    Dover 1834 to Jany. 1874; M.P. for Rochester 1841–47; carried a
    bill making relief of irremovable poor, chargeable on common fund
    of unions, which is foundation of present system; assistant judge
    of Middlesex sessions court 6 June 1859 to Jany. 1874; chairman of
    Metropolitan assessment sessions; knighted at Osborne 3 Aug. 1867;
    member of Society of Arts 1823 on the council till 1874; author of
    _Brief observations on the bill now pending in Parliament to amend
    the laws relative to the relief of the poor in England_ 1821. _d._
    West hill, Highgate 26 March 1874. _I.L.N. xxxv_, 82 (1859),
    _portrait, lxiv_, 331 (1874), _portrait_.

  BODMER, JOHN GEORGE. _b._ Zurich 6 Dec. 1786; partner with Baron
    d’Eichtal in a cotton mill at St. Blasien, Black forest 1806–21;
    director general of iron works of Grand Duke of Baden to 1822;
    lived in England 1824–28 and 1833–48, established a factory for
    machines and machine tools at Manchester; made great improvements
    in cotton-spinning machines; invented what is now called the
    travelling crane about 1826; took out 13 patents in England for
    his inventions; lived at Vienna 1848–60 and at Zurich 1860 to
    death; M.I.C.E. 15 Feb. 1835. _d._ Zurich 29 May 1864. _Min. of
    Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxviii_, 573–608 (1869).

  BOGLE, SIR ARCHIBALD (_son of J. A. Bogle_). _b._ 1805; ed. at
    Harrow; entered Bengal army 1823; superintendent of Arracan 1827,
    and comr. 1837; comr. Tenasserim province 20 April 1849 to 1859;
    M.G. 2 Aug. 1862; knighted by patent 9 Dec. 1853. _d._ 90
    Westbourne terrace, London 12 June 1870.

  BOGUE, DAVID. Assistant to Thomas Ireland of Edinburgh bookseller to
    1836; assistant to Charles Tilt of London publisher 1836–40,
    partner with him 1840–43; bookseller and publisher at 86 Fleet st.
    London 1843 to death; wrote several children’s books anonymously;
    one of principal proprietors of _Illustrated Times_. _d._ 76
    Camden road villas, Camden town, London 17 Nov. 1856 aged 44.

  BOHLER, JOHN. _b._ South Wingfield near Alfreton, Derbyshire 31 Dec.
    1797; a stocking weaver; collector of medicinal plants for the
    doctors; an expert field botanist and microscopist; explored
    Snowdon and adjacent mountains about 1860; a great collector of
    rare fungi and other curious plants; published _Lichenes
    Britannici or specimens of the Lichens of Britain 16 monthly
    parts_ 1835–7; author of _A Flora of Roche Abbey_ in _Aveling’s
    Roche Abbey Yorkshire_ 1870; _The Flora of Sherwood Forest_ in R.
    White’s _Worksop, the Dukeries and Sherwood Forest_ 1875. _d._
    Sheffield 24 Sep. 1872. _Reliquary xi_, 212–13 (1871); _R. White’s
    Worksop_ (1875) 303–26.

  BOHN, HENRY GEORGE (_eld. son of John Henry Martin Bohn of Soho,
    London, bookbinder 1758–1843_). _b._ 4 Jany. 1796; assisted his
    father; bookseller at 4 York st. Covent Garden 1831; brought out
    _A Catalogue of books_ 1841 containing 1948 pages and 23208
    articles; built up a trade in remainder books in which he had no
    rival; published Standard library 1845, Scientific and antiquarian
    1847, Classical 1848, Illustrated 1849, Shilling series 1850,
    Ecclesiastical 1851, Philological 1852 and British classics 1853,
    the whole numbering 617 volumes some of which he compiled and
    edited; author of _A dictionary of quotations from the English
    poets_ 1882; published _The bibliographer’s manual of English
    literature by W. T. Lowndes, new ed. revised, corrected and
    enlarged by H. G. Bohn 4 vols._ 1864; sold his Libraries to Bell
    and Daldy in 1864 for about £40,000 and his copyrights and plates
    to Chatto and Windus in Dec. 1874 for £20,000; his art collections
    were sold for £45,000 1875–78 and March 1885. _d._ North end
    house, Twickenham 22 Aug. 1884. _Bookseller Sep. 1884 pp._

  BOHN, JAMES GEORGE STUART BURGES (_brother of the preceding_). _b._
    London 20 Dec. 1803; ed. at Winchester and Gottingen; assisted his
    father some years; bookseller at 12 King William st. Strand,
    London Feb. 1834, and at 66 St. James’s st. 1845–47; published a
    catalogue of 792 pages 1840; republished _Dugdale’s Monasticon 8
    vols., folio 1846_; contributed to Family Herald; assistant editor
    of the _Reader_; prepared a catalogue of theological books of 704
    pages for David Nutt 1857; compiled catalogues of foreign books
    for Nicholas Trubner for many years before his death. _d._ Peckham
    4 Jany. 1880. _Bookseller Feb. 1880_, _pp._ 105–106.

  BOILEAU, ALEXANDER HENRY EDMONSTONE. _b._ 3 Feb. 1807; colonel
    Bengal engineers 8 June 1856 to death; M.G. 18 Oct. 1861. _d._
    Cawnpore 30 June 1862.

  BOILEAU, SIR JOHN PETER, 1 Baronet (_eld. son of John Peter Boileau
    of Tacolnestone hall, Norfolk 1747–1837_). _b._ Hertford st.
    Mayfair, London 2 Sep. 1794; 2 lieut. Rifle corps 6 Sep. 1813,
    lieut. 1816–17 when placed on h.p.; bought estate of Ketteringham,
    Norfolk 1839 and Burgh Castle, Suffolk the ancient Gariononum most
    remarkable example of Roman masonry in England; created baronet on
    coronation of Queen Victoria 24 July 1838; F.R.S. 1 June 1843;
    sheriff of Norfolk 1844; Vice pres. of Norfolk and Norwich
    Archæological Society from its formation Dec. 1845, pres. 1849;
    F.S.A. 9 Dec. 1852, vice pres. 1858–62, 1863–67 and 1868 to death.
    _d._ Torquay 9 March 1869. _bur._ at Ketteringham. _Reg. and Mag.
    of Biog. i_, 292–4 (1869).

  BOILEAU, SAMUEL BRANDRAM. _b._ 15 June 1801; ensign 31 Foot 18 Sep.
    1823; lieut. col. 22 Foot 18 Dec. 1840 to 25 Sep. 1857 when placed
    on h.p.; M.G. 26 Oct. 1858. _d._ Hillsborough, Monkstown co.
    Dublin 23 Dec. 1860.

  BOILEAU, THOMAS EBENEZER JOHN. Writer in Madras civil service 1815;
    civil and session judge at Masulipatam 1844; at Chingleput 1847–51
    and at Guntoor 1851 to 15 April 1851 when he resigned on an
    annuity. _d._ Brighton 8 Feb. 1853 aged 56.

  BOISRAGON, THEODORE WALTER ROSS. _b._ 19 May 1830; ensign 36 Bengal
    N.I. 20 July 1847; lieut col. Bengal staff corps 2 Sep. 1872 to 2
    Sep. 1881 when he retired with hon. rank of M.G.; C.B. 22 Feb.
    1881. _d._ 4 Albert terrace, Bedford 21 Sep. 1882. _Graphic xxvi_,
    536 (1882), _portrait_.

  BOISSIER, REV. GEORGE RICHARD. Educ. at Magd. coll. Cam., B.A. 1828;
    lived at Oakfield, Penshurst Kent; published anonymously _Notes on
    the Cambridgeshire churches_ 1827. _d._ 23 June 1858 aged 67.

  BOLCKOW, HENRY WILLIAM FERDINAND (_eld. son of Heinrich Bolckow of
    Varchow in grand duchy of Mecklenburg_). _b._ Sulten, Mecklenburg
    8 Dec. 1806; came to England 1827; naturalised by acts of
    parliament 4 and 5 Vict. c. 48 and 31 and 32 Vict. c. 10; partner
    with John Vaughan as iron makers at Middlesbrough 1841; a Tees
    conservancy comr. 1851; took the oath of allegiance 27 Feb. 1853;
    mayor of Middlesbrough (the first) 1853; donor of the Albert park
    at a cost of £20,000 opened 11 Aug. 1868; erected the St. Hilda’s
    schools opened 22 Sep. 1869; A.I.C.E. 14 April 1863; M.P. for
    Middlesbrough 16 Nov. 1868 to death; chairman of Bolckow, Vaughan
    and Co., limited (with a capital of £3,500,000) 1871 to death;
    collected a fine gallery of pictures by modern French and English
    artists. _d._ Ramsgate 18 June 1878. _Practical Mag. i_, 81–90
    (1873), _portrait_; _Athenæum 22 Nov. 1873 pp._ 664–6.

  BOLD-HOGHTON, SIR HENRY, 8 Baronet. _b._ Walton hall near Preston 3
    Jany. 1799; sheriff of Lancashire 1829; succeeded 27 Nov. 1835.
    _d._ Anglesey near Gosport 19 July 1862. _G.M. xiii_, 360–62

  BOLDEN, SAMUEL EDWARD (_younger son of John Bolden of Hyning near
    Lancaster, breeder of shorthorn cattle 1776–1855_). _b._ 1812; one
    of promoters of Lancaster and Carlisle railway opened 1846; one of
    the most successful breeders and soundest judges of shorthorn
    cattle; the first breeder to realise £1,000 for one animal; sold
    his herd 1862. _d._ Derby 22 March 1880. _Saddle and Sirloin by
    the Druid_ (1885) 384–9.

  BOLDERO, HENRY GEORGE (_son of Rev. John Boldero, R. of Ampton,
    Suffolk_). _b._ 1797; captain 10 Foot 1828–30 when placed on h.p.;
    M.P. for Chippenham 1831–32 and 1835–59; clerk of the ordnance 9
    Sep. 1841 to 1846; fought a duel in Osterley park with Craven
    Fitzhardinge Berkeley, M.P. for Cheltenham, 15 July 1842. _d._
    Charles st. St. James’s sq. London 9 April 1873.

  BOLENO, HARRY, stage name of Henry Boleno Mason (_son of S. Mason, a
    clerk in the Victualling office, Somerset house, London_). _b._
    April 1821; learnt from Andrew Ducrow the Grecian Statues; played
    in the first pantomimes produced at Lyceum, Strand, Standard and
    City of London theatres; a dancer at White Conduit house and Eagle
    tavern; clown at T.R. Dublin 10 years; landlord of The Clown
    tavern in Williamson sq. Liverpool and of The Catherine Wheel,
    Great Windmill st. London; kept the Opera Stores Covent Garden;
    clown at Drury Lane theatre 1860–70 and at Surrey theatre 1874–75;
    landlord of the Swan tavern Windsor; author of several burlesques
    and ballets. (_m._ about 1849 Emma dau. of Thomas Davie of
    Hoddesdon, Herts. maltster, she was _b._ 27 Jany. 1832 and _d._ 18
    Oct. 1867, as a columbine she has never been excelled). _d._ The
    Swan tavern, Windsor 25 Jany. 1875. _The Players ii_, 287 (1860),
    _portrait_; _Illust. Sp. and Dr. News ii_, 268 (1874), _portrait_.

  BOLINGBROKE, HENRY ST. John, 4 Viscount. _b._ 6 March 1786;
    succeeded 18 Dec. 1824. _d._ North college, Elgin 1 Oct. 1851.
    _I.L.N. xix_, 450, 663 (1851).

  BOLINGBROKE, HENRY (_son of Nathaniel Bolingbroke of Norwich_). _b._
    Norwich 25 Feb. 1785; sailed for Demerara 28 Nov. 1798, returned
    to England 21 Oct. 1805; deputy vendue master at Surinam in Guiana
    1807–13; in business at Norwich; published _A voyage to the
    Demerary_ 1807. _d._ Norwich 11 Feb. 1855.

  BOLLAERT, WILLIAM. _b._ 1807; chemical assistant at Royal
    Institution, London; assayer and chemist in survey of silver mines
    in Peru; made a survey of province of Tarapaca 1827; one of the
    first white men who crossed the desert of Atacama; served as a
    volunteer under Sir J. M. Doyle in Portugese war 1832–33; created
    a knight of Order of the Tower and Sword of Portugal; explored
    Texas, New Granada, Ecuador, Peru and Chili; author of
    _Antiquarian and other researches in New Granada_ 1860; _Wars of
    succession of Portugal and Spain 2 vols._ 1870. _d._ 15 Nov. 1876
    in 69 year. _Journal of Royal Geog. Soc. xlvii_, 148–50 (1877).

  BOLLAND, WILLIAM PROCTOR (_2 son of Sir Wm. Bolland 1772–1840, Baron
    of Court of Exchequer_). Educ. at Eton; barrister I.T. 6 May 1842;
    the original of Fred. Bayham in Thackeray’s _The Newcomes_, and of
    Wm. Bowker in Yates’s _Land at last_. _d._ Clifton 10 June 1863
    aged 47.

  BOLOGNA, SIR NICHOLA, Count Delle Catene (_son of Baron Paolo
    Sceberras_). C.M.G. 1833, K.C.M.G. 4 Dec. 1868. _d._ Valetta,
    Malta 1875.

  BOLTON, DANIEL. Second lieut. R.E. 14 Dec. 1811, colonel 13 Dec.
    1854 to 20 June 1859; M.G. 20 June 1859. _d._ Capetown, Cape of
    Good Hope 16 May 1860 aged 66.

  BOLTON, GEORGE (_son of Mr. Bolton of Piccadilly, London, tailor_).
    _b._ 9 May 1824; Manager of Olympic theatre 1846–47, of Marylebone
    and Queen’s theatres, and of Drury Lane theatre 1852; brought out
    about 1846 a comic weekly paper called _Nonsuch a farrago of
    something, nothing, everything and many things besides_; author of
    _Nothing, in rhyme and prose_ 1845; _All about love and jealousy,
    an original comedy in 5 acts produced at Olympic theatre 13 April
    1846_. _d._ 13 Philadelphia terrace, Mount gardens, Lambeth 25 May

  BOLTON, REV. JAMES JAY (_5 son of Rev. Robert Bolton of Henley on
    Thames, dissenting minister_). _b._ Southdown college near
    Weymouth 11 Feb. 1824; went to the United States 1836; ed. at
    College Point New York and C. C. coll. Cam., scholar, B.A. 1848;
    C. of Saffron Walden, Essex 1849–51; C. of St. Michael’s, Chester
    sq. Pimlico, London 1851–52; Minister of St. Paul’s chapel,
    Kilburn 1852 to death; chaplain to Earl Ducie 1852; has never been
    surpassed as a childrens’ preacher; author of _Fragments of the
    great diamond set for young people, being a variety of addresses
    for children_ 1856, _3 ed._ 1861; _Life lessons, scripture truths
    for the young_ 1862. _d._ Kilburn parsonage 8 April 1863.
    _Selected sermons of Rev. James Bolton_ 1863, _portrait_.

  BOLTON, JASPER. _b._ Ballykisteen, co. Tipperary; land agent to Earl
    of Derby’s estates in Ireland 1862 to death. _d._ Limerick 19 Nov.
    1871 aged 30. _Quickly ripened or recollections of the late Jasper
    Bolton_ (1872), _portrait_.

  BOLTON, JOHN HENRY. _b._ Dec. 1795; in the commissariat department;
    solicitor at 1 New sq. Lincoln’s Inn, London 1828 to death;
    president of Incorporated law society 1868–69. _d._ Lee terrace,
    Blackheath, Kent 13 Oct. 1873.

  BOLTON, REV. WILLIAM JAY. Educ. at Caius coll. Cam., Hulsean
    prizeman 1852, B.A. 1853, M. A. 1857; V. of St. John’s Stratford,
    Essex 1866–81; V. of St. James’s, Bath 1881 to death; author of
    _Evidences of Christianity from the early Fathers_ 1853; _Fireside
    preaching_ 1856; _Footsteps of the flock_ 1860; _The great
    Anti-Christ_ 1870. _d._ Pelham, Oldfield park, Bath 28 May 1884 in
    68 year.

  BONAPARTE, JEROME NAPOLEON (_elder son of Jerome Bonaparte
    1784–1860, king of Westphalia_). _b._ Camberwell, London 7 July
    1805. _d._ Baltimore 17 June 1870. _Bingham’s Marriages of the
    Bonapartes ii_, 191–94 (1881).

    Louis Napoleon Bonaparte 1808–73, Napoleon iii Emperor of
    France_). _b._ Palace of the Tuileries, Paris 16 March 1856; went
    with his father to the seat of war 1870, present at capture of
    Saarbrück 2 Aug. 1870; landed at Dover 8 Sep. 1870; lived at
    Camden house, Chislehurst, Kent 10 Dec. 1870 to 12 Oct. 1871 and
    1874–79; a cadet at Royal military college Woolwich 12 Oct. 1871
    to 1874 where a statue of him by Count Gleichen was unveiled 13
    Jany 1883; left Southampton 27 Feb. 1879; killed by Zulus in
    valley of Ityolyozi, Zululand 1 June 1879, buried in St. Mary’s
    church Chislehurst 12 July 1879. _Life of the Prince Imperial of
    France by Ellen Barlee_ 1880, _portrait_; _Graphic xix_, 633, 637,
    644 (1879), _3 portraits, xxvii_, 53 (1883); _I.L.N. 16 July 1879,
    portrait_; _The life of Napoleon iii by Blanchard Jerrold iv_, 427
    (1882), 2 _portraits_.

  BONAR, REV. JOHN (_son of Rev. Archibald Bonar of Cramond,
    Midlothian_). _b._ Cramond; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; licensed by
    presbytery of Edin. 30 April 1823; ordained 11 July 1826; minister
    of Larbert and Dunipace March 1826 to 24 May 1843 when he joined
    in the free secession; Convener of committee for colonial and
    continental missions in the Free church 1846; minister at Aberdeen
    Dec. 1846 and at the Renfield st. church, Glasgow 1848–54; D.D.
    Edin. 1857; author of _The established church of Scotland as it
    was and as it is_ 1845. _d._ Edinburgh 20 Dec. 1863 in 63 year.
    _Our Scottish Clergy, second series_ (1849) 149–55.

  BONAR, WILLIAM (_3 son of Andrew Bonar of Edinburgh, banker_). _b._
    Edin. 3 Jany. 1798; ed. at high school and Univ. Edin.; a partner
    in bank of Ramsay, Bonar and Co. 1817 to date when bank was merged
    in Bank of Scotland; employed a missionary to look after the
    ignorant and neglected poor in Edin.; F.R.S. Edin. 1822; author of
    several religious tracts. _d._ Chatsworth house, Malvern 9 Nov.

  BOND, HENRY JOHN HAYLES (_son of Rev. Wm. Bond, R. of Whitacre,
    Norfolk_). _b._ Whitacre Dec. 1801; ed. at Norwich gr. sch.;
    studied medicine at Cambridge, London, Edinburgh and Paris; M.B.
    Cam. 1825, M.D. 1831; F.R.C.P. 1835; practised at Cam.; Regius
    professor of physic in Univ. of Cam. 27 Jany. 1851 to Jany. 1872;
    a member of General medical council 29 Oct. 1858 to 29 Oct. 1863;
    author of _Analysis of an elementary course of lectures on
    Pathology_ 1866. _d._ Regent st. Cambridge 3 Sep. 1883.

  BOND, JOHN JAMES (_son of Andrew Bond of Ashford, Kent_). _b._ 9
    Dec. 1819; Clerk in public record office at Royal riding school,
    Carlton House 1841, senior assistant keeper to death; author of
    _Handy book of rules and tables for verifying dates with the
    Christian Era_ 1866, _new ed._ 1874. _d._ 96 Philbeach gardens,
    Earl’s Court, London 9 Dec. 1883.

  BOND, R. SEBASTIAN. _b._ Liverpool 1808; landscape painter;
    exhibited 7 pictures at Royal Academy, 13 at British Institution,
    and 5 at Suffolk st. gallery 1846–72. _d._ Jany. 1886.

  BOND, STEPHEN. _b._ St. Columb, Cornwall 24 March 1826; ed. at
    Stonyhurst; entered Society of Jesus at Hodder 7 Sep. 1843;
    Matric. at Univ. of London July 1846, B.A. 1848; superior of the
    seminary adjoining Stonyhurst college Aug. 1861; professed of the
    four vows 2 Feb. 1862; vicar general to Bishop Etheridge in
    Demerara 1864–69. _d._ Wigan 10 Jany. 1871.

  BONE, HENRY PIERCE (_eld. son of Henry Bone of London, enamellist
    1755–1834_). _b._ Islington, London 6 Nov. 1779; exhibited 210
    pictures, miniatures and enamels at the R.A. 1799–1855; painted
    classical subjects 1806–33, and enamels 1833–55; enamel painter to
    Duchess of Kent 1831, to Queen Victoria 1837, to Prince Albert
    1841; his collection of 172 enamels was sold at Christies 13–14
    March 1856. _d._ 22 Percy st. Bedford sq. London 21 Oct. 1855.
    _Notice of H. Bone R.A. and his works together with those of his
    son H. P. Bone by J. Jope Rogers_ 1880.

  BONE, HUGH. _b._ Ayrshire 1777; ed. at Univ. of Glasgow, M.D. 26
    April 1815; L.R.C.P. London 26 June 1815; inspector general of
    hospitals 2 Oct. 1843 to 24 Nov. 1845 when placed on h.p. _d._
    Picardy place, Edin. 13 Feb. 1858.

  BONER, CHARLES (_only son of Charles Boner of Bath, who d. 14 Aug.
    1833 aged 74_). _b._ Weston near Bath 29 April 1815; ed. at Bath
    and Tiverton; lived with John Constable the painter as tutor to
    his sons 1831–37; lived with Prince Thurn und Taxis at St. Emeran,
    Ratisbon as tutor 1840–60; settled at Munich, March 1860;
    corresponded with Mary Russell Mitford 1845–55; special
    correspondent to _Daily News_ at Vienna Aug. 1865 to Aug. 1866;
    author of _Chamois hunting_ 1853, _new ed._ 1860; _The new dance
    of death and other poems_ 1857; _Transylvania its products and its
    people_ 1865 and other books. _d._ 5 Louisen Strasse, Munich 7
    April 1870. _Memoirs and letters of C. Boner, edited by R. M.
    Kettle 2 vols._ 1871.

  BONHAM, EDWARD WALTER (_2 son of Henry Bonham of Titness park,
    Berkshire, M.P. for Rye who d. 9 April 1830_). _b._ 24 Nov. 1809;
    consul at Tabreez, Persia 11 May 1837; transferred to Calais 2
    Feb. 1846, and to Naples 14 Jany. 1859; consul general at Naples 5
    May 1862 to 5 April 1872 when he retired on a compensation
    allowance; C.B. 13 Oct. 1865. _d._ the British consulate Boulogne
    15 March 1886.

  BONHAM, HENRY FREDERIC (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 2 June
    1808; ed. at the Charterhouse; Cornet 10 Hussars 22 May 1829,
    lieut. col. 28 April 1846 to 27 Feb. 1852 when placed on h.p.;
    appointed to the Brighton and Canterbury cavalry depôt June 1854.
    _d._ 28 Brunswick sq. Hove, Brighton 16 Feb. 1856.

  BONHAM, PINSON (_eld. son of Samuel Bonham of Great Warley place,
    Essex who d. 25 Jany. 1821_). Clerk in Court of Chancery 10 years;
    ensign 60 Foot 24 April 1789; served in West Indies 22 years;
    deputy quartermaster general 10 years; governor of Surinam or
    Dutch Guiana to 1814 when colony was surrendered to the Dutch;
    major 69 Foot 30 March 1797 to 1814, general 10 Jany. 1837. _d._
    Great Warley, Essex 19 April 1855 aged 92.

  BONHAM, SIR SAMUEL GEORGE, 1 Baronet (_only son of George Bonham,
    captain H.E.I. Co.’s navy who d. 1810_). _b._ Faversham, Kent 7
    Sep. 1803; governor of Prince of Wales Island, Singapore and
    Malacca 1837–47; chief superintendent of British trade in China,
    and governor and commander in chief of Hong Kong 27 Nov. 1847 to
    24 Dec. 1853; C.B. 27 April 1848, K.C.B. 22 Nov. 1850; created
    baronet 27 Nov. 1852. _d._ Paddington, London 8 Oct. 1863. _The
    Chinese Repository vols. xvii-xx._

  BONHAM-CARTER JOHN (_son of John Carter of Petersfield, M.P. for
    Portsmouth who assumed additional name of Bonham_). _b._ 13 Oct.
    1817; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam.; M.P. for Winchester 1847–74; a lord
    of the Treasury 1866–68; chairman of committees of House of
    Commons 1872–74. _d._ Adhurst St. Mary’s, Petersfield 26 Nov.
    1884. _I.L.N. lx_, 601, 607 (1872), _portrait_.

  BONNAR, WILLIAM (_son of Mr. Bonnar of Edinburgh, house-painter_).
    _b._ Edin. June 1800; foreman at a leading decorative painters;
    member of Royal Scottish Academy; painted many pictures which
    became popular when engraved; very successful in rural scenes and
    pictures of child life; painted portraits latterly, many of which
    were engraved by his sons. _d._ London st. Edin. 27 Jany. 1853.

  BONNER, JOHN GEORGE. Major Madras artillery 9 June 1825 to 4 July
    1829; M.G. 4 July 1829; inspector general of military stores for
    India; F.R.S. 18 June 1840. _d._ 17a Great Cumberland st. Hyde
    park, London 3 March 1867 aged 79.

  BONNEY, FRANCIS AUGUSTUS BURDETT (_son of John Augustus Bonney of
    London, solicitor who d. 30 Dec. 1813_). _b._ 1804; ed. at Ealing;
    made many contributions chiefly in verse to literary journals
    especially _European Magazine_; studied medicine in Edin. and
    Paris; L.R.C.S. Edin. 1829, L.S.A. 1833; practised at Brentford
    1833, Chichester and London; author of _Nugæ or poetic trifles_
    1821, and of some valuable papers in medical journals. (_m._ Miss
    Elliott, proprietress of Elm house lunatic asylum, Queen’s Elm,
    Brompton, London). _d._ Elm house 13 Oct. 1877. _Medical Circular
    i_, 303 (1852).

  BONNEY, VENERABLE HENRY KAYE (_son of Rev. Henry Kaye Bonney, R. of
    King’s Cliffe, Northamptonshire who d. 20 March 1810_). _b._
    Tansor, Northamptonshire 22 May 1780; ed. at the Charterhouse and
    Em. coll. Cam.; migrated to Christ’s coll., B.A. 1802, M.A. 1805,
    D.D. 1824; Preb. of Lincoln cathedral 8 Jany. 1807; R. of King’s
    Cliffe March 1810 to death; V. of Nassington 1810–29; archdeacon
    of Bedford 10 Dec. 1821, installed 2 Feb. 1822; archdeacon of
    Lincoln 22 Feb. 1845 to death; canon residentiary of Lincoln 1845
    to death; author of _The life of the Right Rev. Father in God,
    Jeremy Taylor_ 1815; _Historic notices in reference to
    Fotheringay_ 1821; _The life and remains of Bishop Middleton_
    1824. _d._ King’s Cliffe rectory 24 Dec. 1862.

  BONNEY, VENERABLE THOMAS KAYE (_brother of the preceding_). _b._
    Tansor, Northamptonshire 20 June 1782; ed. at Clare coll. Cam.,
    B.A. 1803, M.A. 1806; R. of Coningsby Lincs. 1814 to death; R. of
    Normanton, Rutland 1814 to death; Preb. of Lincoln 17 Oct. 1823 to
    death; archdeacon of Leicester 22 Jany. 1831 to death. _d._
    Normanton rectory 7 April 1863.

  BONOMI, JOSEPH (_son of Giuseppe Bonomi of London, architect
    1739–1808_). _b._ 76 Great Titchfield st. London 9 Oct. 1796; ed.
    at Carshalton, Surrey; studied drawing at Royal Academy and
    sculpture under Nollekens; fellow Student with John Gibson in
    Rome; lived in Egypt and Syria 1824–32 and 1842–44; went to the
    Holy Land 1833; illustrated the Egyptological works of Wilkinson
    and Birch and nearly all those of Samuel Sharpe; curator of Sir
    John Soane’s Museum, Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London 1861 to death;
    F.R.A.S, 8 Feb. 1861; author of _Nineveh and its palaces_ 1852,
    _new ed._ 1869. _d._ The Camels, Wimbledon park, Surrey 3 March
    1878. _Monthly notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xxx_, 216–19
    (1879); _The Proportions of the human figure by J. Bonomi, 5 ed._
    1880, _portrait_; _I.L.N. lxxii_, 245 (1878), _portrait_.

  BONTEIN, JAMES (_younger son of John Pitt Bontein, captain 1 Life
    guards_). Groom of the privy chamber 1874 to death. _d._
    Ambassadors’ court, St. James’s palace 16 Oct. 1884 aged 63.

  BOOKER, THOMAS (_son of Thomas Booker of 56 New Bond st. London,
    publisher who d. 26 Feb. 1826_). Printer at 37 Ranelagh st.
    Liverpool 1840; printer and publisher at 9 Rupert st. Leicester
    sq. London 1848, and at 75 Great Queen st. to death; published
    _The weekly register_ 4 Aug. 1849 to 26 Jany. 1850; _The Catholic
    register and magazine_ 1850; _Booker’s Pocket-Book directory_.
    _d._ Richmond 9 Nov. 1859 aged 37.

    1762–1836, V. of Dudley_). _b._ Dudley 28 Sep. 1801; ed. at
    Hartlebury, Worcs.; tin plate manufacturer; took out patents for
    tin plate making 1837 and for manufacturing iron 1841; sheriff of
    Glamorganshire 1848; M.P. for Herefordshire 18 Oct. 1850 to death;
    took an active part on protectionist side in free trade
    controversy; A.I.C.E. 1850; assumed by r.l. additional name of
    Blakemore Sep. 1855; author of _Treatise on the mineral basin of
    South Wales_ 1848. _d._ Kingston-upon-Thames 7 Nov. 1858.

  BOOLE, GEORGE (_son of Mr. Boole of Lincoln, tradesman_). _b._
    Lincoln 2 Nov. 1815; opened a school at Lincoln 1835; professor of
    mathematics in Queen’s college Cork 1849 to death; public examiner
    for degrees in Queen’s University of Ireland; LLD. Dublin 1852;
    Keith medallist of Royal Society of Edinburgh 1857; F.R.S. June
    1857, Royal medallist 1844; hon. D.C.L. Oxford 1859; author of
    _Mathematical analysis of logic_ 1847; _Investigation of the laws
    of thought_ 1854, a work of astonishing originality and power;
    _Treatise on differential equations_ 1859, _3 ed._ 1872; _Treatise
    on the calculus of finite differences_ 1860, _new ed._ 1880. (_m._
    1855 Mary dau. of Rev. Thomas Roupell Everest, R. of Wickwar,
    Gloucs., she was granted a civil list pension of £100, 19 June
    1865). _d._ Blackrock near Cork 8 Dec. 1864. There are memorial
    windows to him in Lincoln cathedral and the college hall at Cork.
    _Proc. of Royal Society xv_, 6–11 (1867); _Athenæum 23 Aug. 1884
    pp._ 237–39; _G.M. xviii_, 247–49 (1865); _I.L.N. xlvi_, 59, 61
    (1865), _portrait_.

  BOONE, REV. JAMES SHERGOLD (_son of Thomas Boone of Sunbury,
    Middlesex_). _b._ 30 June 1799; ed. at Charterhouse 1812–16;
    student at Ch. Ch. Ox. 1816; Craven scholar 1817; won Chancellor’s
    prize for Latin verse, and Newdigate prize for English verse 1817;
    published anonymously a satire on Oxford University life called
    _The Oxford Spy 2 parts_ 1818–19, which created a great sensation;
    chancellor’s prizeman 1820; B.A. 1820, M.A. 1823; edited _The
    Council of Ten_ a monthly periodical June 1822 to May 1823, wrote
    nearly all of it; Incumbent of St. John’s church Paddington June
    1832 to death; edited _The British Critic_ from Jany. 1827; author
    of _An essay on the study of modern history_ 1821; _Men and things
    in 1823, a poem in three epistles with notes_ 1823; _The
    educational economy of England_ 1838; _Sermons on various subjects
    and occasions_ 1853. _d._ 2 Stanhope st. Hyde park, London 24
    March 1859. _Mozley’s Reminiscences ii_, 200–204 (1882); _Notes
    and Queries 3rd series iii_, 510, _iv_, 35, 98, 138, 153, 299.

  BOONE, WILLIAM. Bookseller at 480 Strand, London 1815–30 with his
    brother Thomas Boone who _d._ 21 April 1873 aged 83; moved to New
    Bond st. 1830; buyer of books for British Museum on death of
    Thomas Rodd 1849, retired 1860. _d._ 26 Nov. 1870 aged 75.

  BOORMAN, JAMES. _b._ Kent 1785; partner with Divie Bethune in New
    York 1805–13; founded with John Johnson firm of Boorman, Johnson
    and Co. leading mercantile house in New York, which was dissolved
    1855; pres. of Hudson River railroad to 1863; founded the Bank of
    Commerce 1839. _d._ New York 24 Jany. 1866.

  BOOSEY, THOMAS. Foreign bookseller at 28 Holles st. Cavendish sq.
    London; published Italian operas of Bellini, Donizetti and Verdi
    down to 1854, when deprived of all his foreign copyrights by a
    decision of the House of Lords. _d._ 27 Notting hill sq. London 25
    Oct. 1871 aged 76. _C. Clark’s House of Lords Cases iv_, 815–996

  BOOTH, REV. GEORGE (_youngest son of Wm. Booth of Masbrough,
    Yorkshire_). Ed. at Eton and Trin. coll. Cam., pensioner; matric.
    from Lincoln coll. Ox. 16 May 1811 aged 19, B.A. 1813, M.A. 1816,
    B.D. 1823; fellow of Magdalen coll., vice pres. 1830, dean of
    divinity 1832; V. of Findon, Sussex 1833 to death; privately
    printed a quarto vol. of Latin poetry entitled _Nugæ Canoræ_ 1826;
    composed a school song entitled _Sicut lilium, carmen hortativum_
    which is regularly sung by boys of Magdalen school on their
    breaking up. _d._ Findon vicarage 21 June 1859 in 68 year.

  BOOTH, HENRY (_eld. son of Thomas Booth of Liverpool, corn
    merchant_). _b._ Rodney st. Liverpool 4 April 1788; a corn
    merchant; one of chief promoters of scheme for making a railway
    between Liverpool and Manchester 1822, sec. and treasurer of the
    company 1826, managing director, the line was begun June 1826 and
    opened 15 Sep. 1830; suggested the multitubular boiler, coupling
    screws, spring buffers, and lubricating material for carriage
    axles, all of which are still used; sec. for northern section of
    London and North-Western railway July 1846, a director of the
    company October 1848 to 18 May 1859, presented by the Company with
    3000 guineas 12 Oct. 1846 and 5000 guineas 9 April 1859; author of
    _Sebastian a tragedy_ 1823; _The rationale of the currency
    question_ 1847; _Master and man a dialogue_ 1853, and many other
    small books. _d._ Eastbourne, Princes park, Liverpool 28 March
    1869. _Memoir of the late Henry Booth by Robert Smiles_ (1869).

  BOOTH, REV. JAMES (_eld. son of John Booth of Lava, co. Leitrim_).
    _b._ Lava 25 Aug. 1806; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub., scholar 1829,
    B.A. 1832, LL.B. and LLD. 1842; principal of Bristol college
    1840–43; vice principal of Collegiate institution Liverpool
    1843–48; pres. of Literary and philosophical institution Liverpool
    1848–51; lectured in London for Society of Arts 1848–54, fellow
    1852, treasurer and chairman of the council 1855–57; C. of St.
    Anne’s Wandsworth, London 1854–59; V. of Stone, Bucks. 1859 to
    death: F.R.S. 22 Jany. 1846, F.R.A.S. 10 June 1859; author of
    _Education and educational institutions_ 1846; _Examination the
    province of the state_ 1847; _A treatise on some new geometrical
    methods 2 vols._ 1873–77. _d._ Stone vicarage 15 April 1878.
    _Monthly notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xxxix_, 219–25 (1879).

  BOOTH, JAMES (_4 son of Thomas Booth of Toxteth lodge near
    Liverpool_). _b._ 1796 or 1797; ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.;
    barrister L.I. 10 Feb. 1824; member of Royal commission for
    inquiring into municipal corporations of England and Wales 1833;
    counsel to the speaker and examiner of recognizances Sep. 1839;
    prepared the Companies, Lands, and Railways Clauses Consolidation
    acts 1845, and 8 other consolidation acts 1847; secretary to Board
    of trade 10 Oct. 1850 to 1865; member of Royal commission for
    inquiring into trades unions 12 Feb. 1867, which made 11 reports
    1867–69; C.B. 6 July 1866; author of _The problem of the world and
    the church reconsidered in three letters to a friend by a
    Septuagenarian_ 1871, _3 ed._ 1879. _d._ 2 Princes gardens,
    Kensington, London 11 May 1880.

  BOOTH, JOHN (_son of Thomas Booth of Killerby near Catterick,
    Yorkshire, cattle breeder who d. 1835_). Breeder of shorthorns at
    Killerby 1819 to 1852; judged a great deal at cattle shows in
    England and Ireland; sold all his stock 21 Sep. 1852; master of
    the Bedale hunt 3 seasons. _d._ Killerby 7 July 1857 in 70 year.
    _W. Carr’s History of rise and progress of Killerby herds of
    shorthorns_ 1867; _Saddle and Sirloin by the Druid_ (1870)

  BOOTH, JOHN KAY (_eld. son of John Booth of Brush house,
    Ecclesfield_). _b._ Yorkshire; ed. at Univ. of Edin., M.D. 24 June
    1805; L.C.P. 30 Sep. 1809; fellow Royal Med. and Chir. Soc. 1810;
    settled at Birmingham; physician to general hospital there
    1812–35; physician to Queen’s hospital there; principal of Queen’s
    college Birm. 1856; one of founders of Medical school of
    Birmingham, and the first lecturer there on practice of physic.
    _d._ Brush house, Ecclesfield 14 Jany. 1859 aged 80.

  BOOTH, JUNIUS BRUTUS (_son of Richard Booth of Queen st. Bloomsbury,
    London, attorney who d. 1840 aged 76_). _b._ St. Pancras, London 1
    May 1796; made his début on the stage at Peckham as Campillo in
    _The Honeymoon_ 13 Dec. 1813; played in Belgium and Holland 1814
    and 1826, and at Covent Garden 1815; acted in the provinces 1818
    and at Drury Lane 7 Aug. 1820 to 13 Jany. 1821; went to the United
    States April 1821; appeared at Park theatre New York 2 Oct. 1821;
    managed the Camp theatre New Orleans 1828; played at Drury Lane,
    Surrey and Sadler’s Wells theatres 1836–7; lived on his farm at
    Bel Air 30 miles from Baltimore 1842 to death; made his last
    appearance at St. Charles theatre New Orleans 19 Nov. 1852. _d._
    on board the J. S. Chenoweth between New Orleans and Cincinnati 30
    Nov. 1852. _bur._ in Greenmount cemetery Baltimore 11 Dec. _The
    elder and the younger Booth by A. B. Clarke_ (1882) 1–116, 3
    _portraits_; _Memoirs of J. B. Booth_ (1817), _portrait_; _The
    tragedian by T. R. Gould_ (1868), _portrait_; _Phelps’s Players of
    a century_ (1880); _T. A. Brown’s History of the American stage_
    (1870) 40, _portrait_.

      NOTE.—His son John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln, pres. of
      the U.S. at Ford’s theatre, Washington, Good Friday 14 April
      1865, he was himself shot near Bowling Green 26 April.

  BOOTH, RICHARD (_brother of John Booth who d. 7 July 1857_). Breeder
    of shorthorns at Studley farm, Yorkshire 1814–34 when he sold his
    herd; breeder at Warlaby, Yorkshire 1835 to death; gained many
    medals and prizes at cattle shows. _d._ Warlaby 31 Oct. 1864 aged
    76. _Saddle and Sirloin by the Druid_ (1870) 195–207.

  BOOTH, SIR ROBERT GORE, 4 Baronet. _b._ Bath 25 Aug. 1805; succeeded
    23 Oct. 1814; sheriff of Sligo 1830; M.P. for Sligo 12 March 1850
    to death; chairman of the Musical Union; lord lieutenant of Sligo
    7 Dec. 1868. _d._ Lissadell, co. Sligo 21 Dec. 1876. _Burke’s
    Portrait gallery ii_, 129 (1833).

  BOOTH, SARAH. _b._ Birmingham early in 1789; a dancer at Manchester
    about 1804; first appeared in London at Surrey theatre 1810 as
    Cherry in a burletta founded on the _Beaux Stratagem_; played at
    Covent Garden 23 Nov. 1810, at the Olympic 19 Dec. 1821, at Drury
    Lane 2 Feb. 1822, at Haymarket and Adelphi theatres; retired about
    1828, last appeared for a benefit at Marylebone theatre 1841. _d._
    39 Queen’s sq. Bloomsbury, London 30 Dec. 1867. _Mrs. C. B.
    Wilson’s Our actresses i_, 121–7 (1844); _Oxberry’s Dramatic
    biography iv_, 55–65 (1826), _portrait_; _Theatrical Inquisitor
    ii_, 69–74 (1813), _portrait_.

  BOOTH, WILLIAM. Ensign 53 Foot 8 May 1806; lieut. col. 41 Foot 11
    July 1837 to 12 Sep. 1843 when placed on h.p.; colonel 15 Foot 10
    Nov. 1861 to death; L.G. 27 March 1863. _d._ London 20 April 1868
    aged 77.

  BOOTH, WILLIAM. Deputy commissary general 18 Dec. 1818 to 1824 when
    placed on h.p.; served in Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands
    principal clerk of survey at Dublin 1824 to 1856; C.B. 17 Aug.
    1849. _d._ 17 Lansdowne crescent, Cheltenham 4 May 1880 in 88

  BOOTH, SIR WILLIAMSON, 2 Baronet. _b._ Stanstead Abbots, Herts. 15
    July 1810; ed. at Eton; succeeded 24 Jany. 1850; sheriff of
    Cambridge and Hunts 1855. _d._ Paxton park, St. Neots 26 Aug.

  BOOTHBY, BENJAMIN (_eld. son of Benjamin Boothby of Cornwall place,
    Holloway, London_). _b._ Doncaster 5 Feb. 1803; barrister G.I. 28
    April 1841; revising barrister for West Riding of Yorkshire
    1845–52; judge of Court of Record of Pontefract and recorder
    1848–53; second judge of supreme court of South Australia Feb.
    1853, sworn in 17 Oct. 1853, presided as senior judge Dec. 1856 to
    July 1858; deputy judge of Court of Vice Admiralty 1856–61;
    removed from judgeship of Supreme Court by South Australian
    parliament July 1867 owing to his objections to the Real Property
    or Torrens act. _d._ Adelaide 21 June 1868.

  BOOTHBY, REV. SIR BROOKE WILLIAM ROBERT, 10 Baronet. _b._ Winchester
    21 Jany. 1809; ed. at Charterhouse and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1829,
    M.A. 1833; fellow of All Souls’ college 1829; R. of Elmley, Kent
    1846–52; R. of Welwyn, Herts. 17 Sep. 1852 to death; succeeded 21
    April 1846. _d._ Tunbridge Wells 21 Sep. 1865.

  BOOTHBY, LADY LOUISA CRANSTOUN (_eld. dau. of Frederick Hayes
    Macnamara, ensign 52 Foot_). _b._ 1 April 1812; a juvenile
    theatrical wonder under name of Louisa Mordaunt, made her first
    appearance in London at Drury Lane theatre 16 Oct. 1829 as the
    Widow Cheerly in Cherry’s comedy of _The Soldier’s Daughter_;
    acted at the Haymarket 1830, 1837–39 and 1840–44; re-appeared at
    Drury Lane Oct. 1832; acted at the Queen’s 1835 and Strand; played
    Constance in _The love chase_ nearly 100 nights from 9 Oct. 1837
    and Lady Gay Spanker in _London Assurance_ 4 March 1841 in both of
    which parts she was unequalled; played leading parts in genteel
    comedy at Covent Garden 1839–40. (_m._ (1) Jany. 1831 John
    Alexander Nisbett of Brettenham hall, Suffolk, Cornet 1 Life
    Guards, he _d._ 2 Oct. 1831. _m._ (2) 15 Oct. 1844 Sir Wm.
    Boothby, 9 baronet of Ashbourne hall, Derbyshire, he was _b._ 25
    March 1782 and _d._ 21 April 1846). _d._ Rose Mount, St. Leonard’s
    on Sea 16 Jany. 1858. _C. B. Wilson’s Our actresses ii_, 66–88
    (1844), _portrait_; _Theatrical Times ii_, 121, 130 (1847),
    _portrait_; _Dramatic and musical review iii_, 498, 527 (1844);
    _I.L.N. x_, 256 (1847), _portrait_.

  BOOTT, FRANCIS (_son of Kirk Boott of Boston, Massachusetts_). _b._
    Boston 26 Sep. 1792; ed. at Univs. of Harvard and Edinburgh, M.D.
    Edin. 1824; surgeon in London 1825–31; lecturer on botany in Webb
    st. school of medicine 1825–31; member of senate and council of
    Univ. coll. London; F.L.S. 1819, sec. 1832–39, treasurer Nov. 1856
    to May 1861; wore a blue coat with brass buttons and a yellow
    waistcoat the costume of 1830 down to his death; author of _Memoir
    of the life and medical opinions of John Armstrong, M.D. 2 vols._
    1833–34; _Illustrations of the genus Carex 4 parts_ 1858–67. _d._
    24 Gower st. London 25 Dec. 1863. _Proc. of Linnæan Society_
    (1864) 23–27.

  BORCHARDT, LOUIS. _b._ Landsburg on Warthe, Prussia 1813; ed. at
    Univ. of Berlin, M.D. 1838; practised as a physician at Zorbich
    and then at Breslau; imprisoned in fortress of Glatz 1848–50;
    practised at Bradford, Yorkshire 1850–52, and at Manchester 1852
    to death, phys. to Childrens’ Dispensary June 1853, pres. of
    Manchester Medical Society. _d._ Swinton house, Fallowfield,
    Manchester 15 Nov. 1883.

  BORLAND, JAMES. _b._ Ayr April 1774; surgeon’s mate 42 Foot 20 Dec.
    1792; surgeon to the forces in St. Domingo 1796–8; deputy
    inspector of army hospitals 5 Dec. 1799; established existing
    system of regimental hospitals 1805; inspector general 22 Jany.
    1807; head of medical department of the army in Mediterranean
    1810–16 during which time he organised the hospitals of the
    Anglo-Sicilian contingent; retired on h.p. 25 May 1816; received
    order of St. Maurice and St. Lazare of Savoy; phys. extraord. to
    Duke of Kent. _d._ Bridgeman house, Teddington 22 Feb. 1863. _G.M.
    xiv_, 666 (1863).

  BOROUGH, SIR EDWARD RICHARD, 2 Baronet. _b._ Merrion sq. Dublin 20
    June 1800; ed. at Westminster and Ch. Ch. Ox.; army agent in
    Dublin; succeeded 22 Jany. 1837. _d._ 61 Fitzwilliam sq. north,
    Dublin 3 Dec. 1879.

  BORRADAILE, EDWARD SIDNEY (_son of the succeeding_). _b._
    Littlehampton 30 March 1845; assistant engineer Launceston and
    Western railway Tasmania 1868–9; wrote for the Press 1870–3; lost
    whilst exploring in North Australia June 1874, two mountains are
    named after himself and his companion Mr. Permain in memory of the

  BORRADAILE, HARRY (_son of Henry Borradaile of London 1759–1822_).
    _b._ 19 July 1800; in the Bombay civil service 1819–44; compiled
    for publication by Government _Reports of select suits decided in
    the Suddur Adawluts_ 1825; translated the _Muyook_ (Sanscrit Law
    book) into Mahratta and Goozerattee 1827; author of _Collection of
    the rules and customs of various castes as affecting civil
    rights_; and of _A table of a decimal system of accounts_ 1853; a
    member of the India law commission at Calcutta under T. B.
    Macaulay. _d._ London 7 Oct. 1876.

  BORRELL, HENRY PERIGALL. Learnt business in London; merchant at
    Smyrna 1818 to death; very successful in discovery of inedited
    Greek coins; author of _Notice sur quelques médailles grecques des
    Rois de Chypre_, _Paris 1836_ and of papers in _Revue
    Numismatique, Numismatic Chronicle_ and various German numismatic
    periodicals; his collection of coins, antiquities and gems was
    sold in London 1851. _d._ Smyrna 2 Oct. 1851 aged 56.

  BORRER, WILLIAM (_eld. son of Wm. Borrer of Parkyns manor,
    Hurstpierpoint 1753–1832_). _b._ Henfield, Sussex 13 June 1781;
    endeavoured to cultivate every critical British species and all
    the hardy exotic plants he could obtain, having no less than 6660
    species; wrote descriptions of species of Myosotis, Rosa, and
    nearly all of Rubus for Sir W. Hooker’s _British Flora_ 1830 and
    subsequent editions; several plants were named after him and the
    genus Borreria of Acharius amongst lichens; his herbarium of
    British plants is kept at the Royal gardens, Kew; F.L.S. 1805,
    F.R.S. 4 June 1835. _d._ Barrow hill, Henfield 10 Jany. 1862.
    _Proc. of Linnæan Society_ (1862) 85–90; _Lower’s Worthies of
    Sussex_ (1865) 71–73.

  BORRIE, JOHN (_son of Peter Borrie, proprietor of the Dundee
    foundry_). _b._ Dundee 27 Nov. 1837; employed by Bolckow and
    Vaughan of Middlesbrough, engineers 1856–61; resident engineer at
    Cleveland iron works Eston 1866–71; a consulting engineer 1871 to
    death; designed and set to work the hopper-and-spout kilns for
    calcining ironstone 1869, which have become general, reducing cost
    of labour very considerably; M.I.M.E. 1869. _d._ Stockton-on Tees
    8 Feb. 1884. _Engineering 26 Nov. 1869._

  BORROW, GEORGE HENRY (_younger son of Thomas Borrow, captain in West
    Norfolk militia who d. 1823_). _b._ East Dereham, Norfolk 5 July
    1803; ed. at Norwich gr. sch. 1815–18; articled in office of
    Simpson and Rackham solicitors Norwich 1818–23; worked for Sir
    Richard Phillips the publisher in London; travelled in France,
    Germany, Russia, the East and Spain 1833–39, acting as agent for
    the British and Foreign Bible Society; sent letters to the
    _Morning Herald_ 1837–39, being the first of the newspaper
    correspondents; travelled in Albania, Wallachia, Hungary and
    Turkey 1844; author of _Romantic ballads translated from the
    Danish_ 1826; _Targum or metrical translations from 30 languages
    and dialects_ 1835; _The Zincali, or an account of the Gypsies of
    Spain 2 vols._ 1841, _4 ed. 1846_; _The Bible in Spain 3 vols._
    1843, _new ed._ 1873; _Lavengro the scholar, the gypsy, the priest
    3 vols._ 1851, _3 ed._ 1872 which is in a great degree an
    autobiography; _The Romany Rye 2 vols._ 1851, _3 ed._ 1872; _Wild
    Wales 3 vols._ 1862, _2 ed._ 1865. _d._ Oulton near Lowestoft,
    Norfolk 26 July 1881. _Lavengro vol. i_, (1851), _portrait_; _The
    Norvicensian April 1882, pp._ 109–14.

  BORROWES, REV. SIR ERASMUS DIXON, 8 Baronet. _b._ Portarlington,
    Queen’s county 21 Sep. 1799; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin; succeeded
    7 March 1834; R. of parish of Ballyroan, Queen’s county. _d._
    Lauragh near Portarlington 27 May 1866.

  BORROWS, REV. WILLIAM. _b._ Derby 15 Nov. 1781; ed. at Quorn,
    Derbyshire, Winkfield, Wilts, and St. Edmund Hall Ox., B.A. 1812,
    M.A. 1815; C. of Over, Oxon 1812–15; P.C. of St. Paul’s chapel,
    Clapham 1815 to 1 July 1851; author of _Reformation from Popery
    two sermons_ 1818; _Sacred maxims collected from the discourses of
    W. B. by an attached member of his congregation_ 1852. _d._ 3
    April 1852. _bur._ Derby churchyard 10 April. _Select sermons by
    the late Rev. Wm. Borrows with a brief memoir edited by Rev.
    Philip Gell_ (1852).

  BORTHWICK, CUNNINGHAME BORTHWICK, 12 Baron (_2 son of Patrick
    Borthwick who d. 12 April 1840 aged 60_). _b._ Edinburgh 6 June
    1813; ed. at high school and univ. of Edin.; head of firm of
    Borthwick, Wark and Co. of London, stockbrokers; established his
    claim to this barony (which had been dormant since 1772) before a
    committee of House of Lords 5 May 1870; bought Ravenstone castle,
    Wigtonshire in 1874 for £85,000; a representative peer for
    Scotland April 1880. _d._ Ravenstone castle 24 Dec. 1885. _P. H
    M’Kerlie’s Lands in Galloway ii_, 445–50 (1877).

  BORTHWICK, MICHAEL ANDREWS. _b._ Dunbar, East Lothian 30 Oct. 1810;
    A.I.C.E. 1833, M.I.C.E. 1845; resident engineer of Northern and
    Eastern railway 1837 and subsequently manager; engaged with
    Stephenson carrying out Egyptian railway between Alexandria and
    Cairo. _d._ Pernambuco 3 June 1856. _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of
    C.E. xvi_, 108–13 (1857).

  BORTHWICK, PETER (_only son of Thomas Borthwick of Edinburgh_). _b._
    Cornbank, parish of Borthwick, Mid Lothian 13 Sep. 1804; ed. at
    Univ. of Edin.; entered Jesus coll. Cam.; fellow commoner of
    Downing coll.; contested Evesham 1832 and St. Ives, Penryn and
    Falmouth 1847; M.P. for Evesham 6 Jany. 1835 to 23 July 1847;
    barrister G.I. 28 April 1847; edited the _Morning Post_ 1850 to
    death; author of _A brief statement of Holy Scriptures concerning
    the second Advent_ 1830; _A Lecture on slavery_ 1836. _d._ 11
    Walton villas, Brompton, London 18 Dec. 1852. _G.M. xxxix_, 318–20
    (1853); _I.L.N. ii_, 8 (1843), _portrait, xxi_, 563 (1852),
    _xxii_, 11 (1853).

  BORWICK, REV. W. B. _b._ Orkney; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; licensed to
    preach 1834; pastor of the United Secession church in the
    Overgate, Dundee May 1835, and of United presbyterian church in
    Bell st. Dundee 1850 to May 1866. _d._ Newport 15 June 1870 aged
    62. Monument erected in Western cemetery Dundee Jany. 1871. _W.
    Norrie’s Dundee Celebrities_ (1873) 355–7.

  BOSANQUET, AUGUSTUS HENRY (_2 son of Wm. Bosanquet of London, banker
    who d. 21 June 1800 aged 43_). _b._ 1 March 1792; ed. at Harrow
    and Haileybury; in Bengal civil service 1811–17; one of founders
    of Universal Life insurance company 1842, director 1842–77. _d._
    19 Feb. 1877.

  BOSANQUET, GEORGE WILLIAM (_4 son of Rev. Robert Wm. Bosanquet
    1800–80, R. of Bolingbroke, co. Lincoln_). _b._ 4 July 1845;
    ensign 85 Foot 19 April 1864 to 1866; clerk in the Exchequer and
    audit department. _d._ 2 Brunswick terrace, Kensington 24 Jany.
    1869. _Essays and stories by the late G. W. Bosanquet, with an
    introductory chapter by Captain C. B. Brackenbury, R.A._ 1870.

  BOSANQUET, JAMES WHATMAN (_2 son of Samuel Bosanquet of Forest
    house, Waltham forest, Essex 1768–1843_). _b._ 26 Jany. 1804; ed.
    at Westminster school; taken into his father’s bank 1822;
    F.R.A.S.; author of _Chronology of the times of Daniel, Ezra and
    Nehemiah_ 1848; _Messiah the Prince_ 1866, _2 ed._ 1869; _Hebrew
    chronology from Solomon to Christ_ 1867. _d._ Claysmore, Enfield
    22 Dec. 1877.

  BOSANQUET, SAMUEL RICHARD (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ London
    1 April 1800; ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1822, M.A. 1829;
    barrister I.T. 5 May 1826; a revising barrister 1832; chairman of
    Monmouth quarter sessions 35 years; wrote many leading articles
    for _The Times_; author of _New system of logic_ 1839, _2 ed._
    1870; _The rights of the poor vindicated_ 1841; _Principia, a
    series of essays_ 1843; _Prophecies of Zechariah interpreted_
    1877; _Select interpretations of Scripture_ 1878. _d._ Dingestow
    court, Monmouth 27 Dec. 1882.

  BOSIO, ANGIOLINA. _b._ Turin 22 Aug. 1830; made her début at Teatro
    Rè, Milan in _I Due Foscari_ July 1846; sang in Paris 1848, in
    America 1849–51; sang at Covent Garden theatre London during
    seasons 1852 to 1855 and 1858; sang at the Lyceum theatre 1856 and
    1857; première cantatrice to Imperial Court of St. Petersburg 1858
    being the first singer to obtain that honour. _d._ St. Petersburg
    12 April 1859. _E. C. Clayton’s Queens of song ii_, 317–29 (1863).

  BOSSEY, PETER (_eld. child of Francis Bossey, constructor in royal
    carriage department of Woolwich arsenal_). _b._ Woolwich 3 April
    1806; apprenticed to Thomas Bayles of Woolwich; studied at United
    Borough hospital; L.S.A. 1826, M.R.C.S. 1828, F.R.C.S. 1852;
    surgeon to Convict hulk establishment at Woolwich to 1848 when he
    retired on pension; fellow of Med. and Chir. Soc. 1846; gave up
    practice 1857; author of many statistical reports and papers on
    diseases and mortality of prisoners printed in _Reports of
    Superintendent of Convict establishment at Woolwich_. _d._
    Worthing 22 Dec. 1862. _Proc. of Royal Med. and Chir. Soc. iv_,
    203–7 (1864).

  BOSTOCK, JAMES. Proprietor of Bostock and Wombwell’s menagerie, _d._
    12 April 1878 aged 63.

  BOSTON, FLORANCE GEORGE HENRY IRBY, 5 Baron. _b._ Florence 9 March
    1837; sheriff of Anglesea 1865; succeeded 22 Dec. 1869. _d._
    Porthamel Anglesey 4 Jany. 1877.

  BOSTON, GEORGE IRBY, 3 Baron. _b._ Grosvenor st. London 24 Dec.
    1777; Cornet 1 Dragoons 1794, major 13 Light Dragoons 22 Jany.
    1801 to 14 Aug. 1801; succeeded 23 March 1825. _d._ Hedsor lodge
    near Maidenhead 12 March 1856.

  BOSTON, GEORGE IVES IRBY, 4 Baron. _b._ Grosvenor st. London 14 Sep.
    1802; succeeded 12 March 1856. _d._ Wilton crescent, London 22
    Dec. 1869.

  BOSWELL, SIR JAMES, 2 Baronet (_son of Sir Alexander Boswell, 1
    Baronet b. 1775 and killed by James Stuart in a duel 26 March
    1822_). _b._ Dec. 1806. _d._ Auchinleck, Ayrshire 4 Nov. 1857.

  BOSWORTH, REV. JOSEPH. _b._ Derbyshire early in 1789; ed. at Repton
    gr. sch., Univ. of Aberdeen, and Trin. coll. Cam., B.A., M.A., and
    LLD. Aberdeen; B.D. at Cam. 1834, D.D. 1839; incorp. D.D. of Ch.
    Ch. Ox. 1858; V. of Horwood Parva, Bucks. 1817–29; chaplain at
    Amsterdam 1829–32 and at Rotterdam 1832–40; V. of Waith, Lincs.
    1841–45 and 1848–58; R. of Water Stratford, Bucks. 1858–75; F.R.S.
    4 June 1829; professor of Anglo Saxon in Univ. of Oxford 4 Nov.
    1858 to death; made over to Univ. of Cam. by deed of gift in 1867
    sum of £10,000 towards professorship of Anglo Saxon which was
    founded May 1878; author of _The elements of Anglo-Saxon Grammar_
    1823, earliest English work of the kind; _Anglo-Saxon dictionary_
    1838, _2 ed._ 1882; _Scandinavian literature_ 1839; _A compendious
    dictionary of Anglo-Saxon_ 1848, _5 ed._ 1882. _d._ 20 Beaumont
    St. Oxford 27 May 1876. _Academy 3 and 10 June 1876_; _Times 29
    May 1876_, _p. 10, col. 4_.

  BOTFIELD, BERIAH (_eld. son of Beriah Botfield of Norton hall,
    Northamptonshire 1768–1813_). _b._ Earl’s Ditton, Salop. 5 March
    1807; ed. at Harrow and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1828, M.A. 1847; sheriff
    of Northamptonshire 1831; M.P. for Ludlow 23 May 1840 to 23 July
    1847 and 27 March 1857 to death; F.R.S. 17 Jany. 1839; F.S.A.
    1839; a chevalier of order of Albert the Brave of Saxony; knight
    of order of Leopold of Belgium; member of Abbotsford, Bannatyne,
    Maitland, and Roxburgh clubs, and of Surtees Society, for all of
    which he edited books; set up a private printing-press at Norton
    hall, where he printed _Journal of a tour through the Highlands of
    Scotland [anon.]_ 1830; _Stemmata Botevilliana_ 1843; _Bibliotheca
    Hearneiana_ 1848; published _Notes on cathedral libraries of
    England_ 1849; _Prefaces to first editions of Greek and Roman
    classics_ 1861. _d._ 5 Grosvenor sq. London 7 Aug. 1863. _Stemmata
    Botevilliana_ (_2 ed._ 1858) 84–7, 156, _App._ 33, 479–96; _G.M.
    xv_, 645–7 (1863); _Numismatic Chronicle iv_, 17–18 (1864).

  BOTT, THOMAS. _b._ near Kidderminster 1829; a _portrait_ painter at
    Birmingham; one of principal artists of the Royal Porcelain works
    Worcester 1852; gained many prizes at Worcester School of Art;
    obtained distinction for his work in Worcester enamel, at Paris
    Exhibition 1855 and London Exhibition 1862; one of his best works
    is now in South Kensington Museum. _d._ Worcester 13 Dec. 1870.
    _Jewitt’s History of the Ceramic art in Great Britain_ (1883)
    143–4 _and_ 150.

  BOTTRELL, WILLIAM (_son of Wm. Vingoe Bottrell of Raftra, St. Levan,
    Cornwall, farmer 1790–1876_). _b._ Raftra 7 March 1816; learnt
    farming under his father; English master in the Seminary of
    Quebec, Canada Sep. 1847 to 1851; author of _Traditions and
    hearthside stories of West Cornwall_ 1870, _2 series_ 1873;
    communicated upwards of 50 of the “Drolls” to Robert Hunt for his
    _Popular romances of the west of England 2 vols._ 1865. _d._ Dove
    st. St. Ives 27 Aug. 1881.

  BOUCH, SIR THOMAS (_3 son of Wm. Bouch, captain in merchant
    service_). _b._ Thursby, Cumberland 22 Feb. 1822; manager and
    engineer of Edinburgh and Northern railway 1849; made floating
    railways for goods trains over rivers Forth and Tay; constructed a
    number of remarkable bridges chiefly railway, in all of which he
    made use of the lattice girder; designed railway bridge over river
    Tay, completed 22 Sep. 1877, opened 31 May 1878, the central
    portion of this bridge fell into the river carrying with it an
    entire train and its load of about 70 passengers 28 Dec. 1879;
    designed railway bridge over river Forth begun 30 Sep. 1878, work
    was stopped after above accident; A.I.C.E. 3 Dec. 1850, M.I.C.E.
    11 May 1858; presented with freedom of Dundee 31 May 1878;
    knighted at Windsor Castle 26 June 1879. _d._ Moffat,
    Dumfriesshire 30 Oct. 1880. _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E.
    lxiii_, 301–308 (1881); _I.L.N. lxxvii_, 468 (1880), _portrait_.

  BOUCHER, REV. JOHN (_son of Mr. Boucher of Moneyrea, near Belfast,
    tenant-farmer_). _b._ 1819; ed. at Belfast academy 1837–42;
    Unitarian minister at Southport 1842, at Glasgow to 1848 and at
    the New Gravel Pit chapel Hackney, London 1848–53 when he entered
    at St. John’s coll. Cam. to read for orders in Church of England,
    B.A. 1857; one of trustees of Dr. Williams’s library: a member of
    the presbyterian board; published a sermon on _The present
    religious crisis_ 1850. _d._ Chesterton near Cambridge 12 March
    1878. _The Inquirer 23 March 1878 p._ 190.

  BOUCHIER, REV. BARTON (_son of Rev. Jonathan Boucher 1738–1804, V.
    of Epsom, Surrey_). _b._ 1794; ed. at Balliol coll. Ox., B.A.
    1822, M.A. 1827; changed his name from Boucher to Bouchier; C. of
    Cheam, Surrey about 1832 to 1858; R. of Fonthill Bishops, Wilts.
    1858 to death; author of _Manna in the house or daily expositions
    of the Gospels 4 vols._ 1852–58; _Manna in the heart or daily
    comments on the book of Psalms 2 vols._ 1855–56; _My Parish_ 1856,
    _second series_ 1857. _d._ Fonthill Bishops 20 Dec. 1865.

  BOUDIER, REV. JOHN. Educ. at Sid. Sus. coll. Cam., B.A. 1809, M.A.
    1813; V. of Warwick 1815–72; hon. canon of Worcester 1852 to
    death; author of _Plain and practical sermons_ 1818; _Attendance
    on daily public worship the Christian’s duty_ 1854;
    _Congregational psalmody and church choirs_ 1857; _The two holy
    sacraments of the Christian church necessary to salvation_ 1859.
    _d._ 7 Nov. 1874 aged 88.

  BOUGH, SAMUEL (_3 child of Mr. Bough of Carlisle, shoemaker_). _b._
    Carlisle 8 Jany. 1822; executed the illustrations to Jefferson’s
    _History of Cumberland 2 vols._ 1840–2; assistant scene painter in
    T.R. Manchester about 1845; exhibited pictures at Manchester
    Institute, where Heywood gold medal was awarded him; principal
    scene painter at T.R. Glasgow 1848; A.R.S.A. 1856, R.S.A. 10 Feb.
    1875; a collection of his works was exhibited at Glasgow Institute
    1880 and another at Edinburgh 1884. _d._ Edinburgh 19 Nov. 1878.
    _Portfolio x_, 114 (1878); _Academy 30 Nov. 1878 and 5 July 1884_.

  BOUGHEY, SIR THOMAS FLETCHER FENTON, 3 Baronet. _b._ Betley, Staffs.
    22 Jany. 1809; succeeded 27 June 1823; sheriff of Staffs. 1832.
    _d._ Aqualate, Newport, Staffs. 6 Oct. 1880.

  BOUGHTON, SIR WILLIAM EDWARD ROSE, 10 and 2 Baronet (_only son of
    Sir Charles Wm. Rose Boughton, 9 and 1 Baronet who d 26 Feb.
    1821_). _b._ Lower Grosvenor st. London 14 Sep. 1788; F.R.S. 5 May
    1814; M.P. for Evesham 6 March 1820 to 2 June 1826. _d._ Downton
    hall near Ludlow 22 May 1856.

  BOULT, SWINTON. _b._ 1809; local agent in Liverpool for insurance
    offices 1831; founded Liverpool fire and life insurance company
    1836 which became largest fire insurance office in the world, it
    was renamed in 1848 Liverpool and London insurance office and in
    1864 Liverpool, London and Globe, secretary 1836–65, managing
    director 1865 to death; originated Liverpool Salvage committee,
    first combination of the kind ever introduced; devised a uniform
    policy for tariff offices; author of _Law and practice relating to
    assurance, banking and other joint-stock companies_ 1841; _Trade
    and partnership_ 1855. _d._ suddenly in the Aigburth road,
    Liverpool 8 July 1876. _C. Walford’s Insurance Cyclopædia i_,
    353–5 (1871).

  BOULTBEE, FREDERICK MOORE. Entered navy 17 March 1811; captain 23
    Nov. 1841; admiral on h.p. 30 July 1875; chief constable for
    Bedfordshire. _d._ Emery Down, Lyndhurst 23 Nov. 1876.

  BOULTBEE, REV. THOMAS POWNALL (_eld. son of Rev. Thomas Boultbee, V.
    of Bidford, Warwickshire who d. 23 March 1883_). _b._ 7 Aug. 1818;
    ed. at Uppingham school 1833–7, captain 1836–7; exhibitioner at
    St. John’s coll. Cam. 1837, 5 wrangler 1841, B.A. 1841, M.A. 1844,
    LLD. 1872; fellow of his college March 1842; C. of St. Mary’s
    Cheltenham, and then of St. Luke’s; theological tutor of
    Cheltenham college 1853–63; principal of London College of
    divinity at Kilburn 1863, and at St. John’s hall Highbury 1865 to
    death; preb. of St. Paul’s cathedral Oct. 1883; author of _A
    commentary on the Thirty nine articles_ 1871; _A history of the
    Church of England, pre-reformation period_ 1879. _d._ Bournemouth
    30 Jany. 1884. _Quiet strength, a memorial sketch of the life and
    works of the late Rev. T. P. Boultbee by Rev. Gordon Calthrop_

  BOURCHIER, CLAUD THOMAS. 2 Lieutenant Rifle brigade 10 April 1849,
    major 4 Aug. 1865 to 20 May 1868 when placed on h.p.; aide-de-camp
    to the Queen 30 April 1869 to 1876; V.C. 26 June 1856. _d._ 38
    Brunswick road, Brighton 19 Nov. 1877 aged 46.

  BOURCHIER, HENRY. Entered navy 28 Aug. 1797, Captain 22 Aug. 1811,
    superintendent of quarantine establishment at Milford Jany. 1827
    to 1 Oct. 1846, retired R.A. 1 Oct. 1846. _d._ Lille, France 14
    Oct. 1852.

  BOURCHIER, JAMES CLAUD. Cornet 28 Dragoons 28 Sep. 1797; major 11
    Dragoons 5 Nov. 1818 to 25 Sep. 1820, when placed on h.p.; colonel
    3 Dragoon Guards 9 Jany. 1851 to death; L.G. 20 June 1854. _d._
    Buxton vicarage, Norfolk 12 Feb. 1859 aged 78.

  BOURDILLON, JAMES DEWAR (_2 son of Rev. Thomas Bourdillon, V. of
    Fenstanton, Hunts. who d. 11 March 1854 aged 82_). _b._ 1811; ed.
    at Ramsgate and Haileybury college; writer in Madras civil service
    1829; secretary to Board of revenue 1843; third member of Board of
    revenue 1855; secretary to Government revenue department 1859–60
    when he became an annuitant on the Fund, resigned the service
    1861; wrote report of commission which reported upon system of
    public works in Madras presidency; author of _A short account of
    the measures proposed by the late Colonel J. T. Smith for the
    restoration of the Indian exchanges by an Ex-Madras civilian_
    1882. _d._ Tunbridge Wells 21 May 1883.

  BOURKE, OLIVER PAGET. _b._ 1817; Ensign 17 Foot 11 Dec. 1835, lieut.
    col. 7 Sep. 1855 to 10 Nov. 1856, when placed on h.p.; Exon of
    yeomen of the guard 17 July 1862 to Nov. 1873; L.G. 1 Oct. 1877.
    _d._ 3 Breffin terrace, Kingstown near Dublin 28 April 1880.

  BOURKE, SIR RICHARD (_only son of John Bourke of Dromsally,
    Ireland_). _b._ Dublin 4 May 1777; ed. at Westminster and Ch. Ch.
    Ox.; ensign 1 Foot 22 Nov. 1798; captain 1 Garrison battalion 5
    Dec. 1805; quartermaster general South America 1806; served in the
    Peninsula 1809–14; governor of eastern district of Cape of Good
    Hope 1825, conducted the government of the colony to Nov. 1829;
    governor of New South Wales 3 Dec. 1831 to 5 Dec. 1837; colonel 64
    Foot 29 Nov. 1837 to death; general 11 Nov. 1851; C.B. 4 June
    1815, K.C.B. 26 Jany. 1835; sheriff of Limerick 1839; edited with
    Earl Fitzwilliam _The correspondence of Edmund Burke_ 1829. _d._
    Thornfield, Castle Connell, co. Limerick 12 Aug. 1855. _R.
    Therry’s Reminiscences_, _2 ed._ (1863) 129–89.

      NOTE.—The people of New South Wales erected a magnificent
      bronze statue by Westmacott to his memory in the Domain
      Sydney, which was unveiled 11 April 1842, this was the first
      statue in New South Wales.

  BOURKE, WALTER (_eld. son of Joseph Bourke of Carrowkeel, co. Mayo
    who d. 1820_). _b._ 1808; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A. 1824;
    called to Irish bar 1827; Q.C. 7 Feb. 1849. _d._ Carrowkeel 26
    Dec. 1870.

  BOURKE, WALTER MCWILLIAM (_2 son of Isidore Bourke of Curraghleagh
    Claremorris, co. Mayo, a crown solicitor for Ireland who d.
    1866_). _b._ 1838; ed. at Stonyhurst and Clongowes Wood colleges
    and Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A. 1859, M.A. 1863; called to Irish bar
    1858, practised in Dublin and then in high court at Calcutta;
    purchased Rahassane park, co. Galway 1880; contributed to Dublin
    literary magazines; published a volume of Indian law reports;
    assassinated at Castle Taylor near Ardrahan, co. Galway 8 June
    1882. _Irish law times xvi_, 298 (1882).

  BOURNE, HUGH (_son of Joseph Bourne of Fordhays farm in parish of
    Stoke-upon-Trent, farmer_). _b._ Fordhays farm 3 April 1772; a
    carpenter and builder at Bemersley, Staffs.; joined Wesleyan
    methodists June 1799; built a chapel at Harrisehead 1802; held a
    camp meeting on the mountain at Mowcop near Harrisehead 31 May
    1807, first of many held in Staffordshire; expelled from Wesleyan
    Methodist Society 27 June 1808; formed first class of a new
    community at Standley near Bemersley 14 March 1810, first general
    meeting was held at Tunstall 26 July 1811, name Primitive
    Methodist was finally adopted 13 Feb. 1812, first annual
    conference was held at Hull May 1820, and a deed poll of the
    Primitive Methodist was enrolled in Court of Chancery 10 Feb.
    1830; purchased land and built at Tunstall their first chapel
    1811; travelled in United States 1844–6; author of _Remarks on the
    ministery of women_ 1808; _History of the Primitive Methodist_
    1823; _A treatise on Baptism_ 1823; edited _The Primitive
    Methodist Magazine_ 1824 to about 1844. _d._ Bemersley 11 Oct.
    1852. _bur._ at Englesea Brook, Cheshire. _J. Walford’s Memoirs of
    H. Bourne_ 1855, _portrait_; _J. Petty’s Primitive Methodist
    connexion_ 1864, _portrait_; _Simpson’s Recollections of H.
    Bourne_ 1859.

  BOURNE, JAMES. _b._ Dalby near Spilsby, Lincolnshire 1773; teacher
    of drawing in London; made numerous sketches in Cumberland and in
    Devon and Cornwall; Huntingtonian minister at Sutton Coldfield,
    Warwickshire May 1845 to death. _d._ Sutton Coldfield 11 June 1854
    in 82 year. _W. Benson’s Life and letters of J. Bourne_ 1875,

  BOURNE, JAMES (_brother of Hugh Bourne_). _b._ Feb. 1781; joined
    Wesleyan Methodists 1799; co-operated with his brother in
    establishment of Camp meetings 1807; the first general book
    steward of Primitive Methodist connexion 1820; chairman at the
    annual conferences many times. _d._ Bemersley, Staffs. Jany. 1860.
    _J. Petty’s History of Primitive Methodist connexion_, (_new ed._

  BOURNE, SIR JAMES, 1 Baronet (_2 son of Peter Bourne of Hackinsall,
    Lancs. 1783–1846_). _b._ 8 Oct. 1812; ed. at Shrewsbury; lieut.
    col. commandant royal Lancashire artillery 13 April 1863 to 27
    July 1881, hon. col. 27 July 1881 to death; M.P. for Evesham 12
    July 1865 to 24 March 1880; created baronet 10 May 1880; C.B. 24
    May 1881. _d._ Heathfield house, Wavertree near Liverpool 14 March

  BOURNE, SIR JAMES DYSON, 2 Baronet (_eld. child of the preceding_).
    _b._ 29 July 1842; cornet 5 Dragoon guards 21 Dec. 1860, lieut.
    col. 1 July 1881 to 1883. _d._ Brook st. Grosvenor sq. London 11
    Nov. 1883.

  BOURNE, STEPHEN. Edited the _World_ newspaper which was incorporated
    with the _Patriot_ 1831; an active promoter of the Protestant
    Society, of the Ecclesiastical Knowledge Society, and of the Test
    and Corporation agitation; stipendiary magistrate in Jamaica;
    registrar of Berbice; a cotton grower in Jamaica. _d._ Brixton,
    London 29 March 1868 aged 76.

  BOUSFIELD, NATHANIEL GEORGE PHILIPS. _b._ Dublin 1829; M.P. for Bath
    4 Feb. 1874 to 24 March 1880. _d._ Grosvenor place, London 21 May

  BOUTELL, REV. CHARLES (_son of Rev. Charles Boutell, P.C. of Repps,
    Norfolk who d. 26 July 1855 in 84 year_). _b._ St. Mary Pulham,
    Norfolk 1 Aug. 1812; ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1834,
    incorp. at Trin. coll. Ox. 1836, M.A. 1836; R. of Downham Market,
    Norfolk 1847–50; V. of Wiggenhall, St. Mary, Norfolk 1847–55;
    Reader at St. Luke’s Lower Norwood, Surrey 1860–67; assistant
    minister at St. Stephen’s Portland town London 1872–73; one of
    founders of London and Middlesex Archæological society 14 Dec.
    1855, sec. 23 July 1857 to 27 Nov. 1857; sec. of St. Alban’s
    Architectural Society; author of _Monumental brasses and slabs of
    the Middle ages_ 1847; _A manual of British Archæology_ 1858; _A
    manual of heraldry historical and popular_ 1863, _3 ed._ 1864;
    _English heraldry, illustrated_ 1867, _4 ed._ 1879; _A Bible
    Dictionary_ 1871, republished as _Haydn’s Bible Dictionary_ 1879.
    _d._ 18 Portsdown road, London 31 July 1877. _London and Middlesex
    Arch. Soc. Trans. i_, 209, 316.

  BOUTFLOWER, REV. HENRY CREWE (_son of John Johnson Boutflower of
    Salford, Manchester, surgeon_). _b._ Salford 25 Oct. 1796; ed. at
    Manchester school 1807–15, and St. John’s coll. Cam., Hulsean
    theological prizeman 1816, B.A. 1819, M.A. 1822; C. of Elmdon near
    Birmingham 15 April 1821; head master of Bury sch. Lancs. 6 May
    1823 to 1857; P.C. of St. John’s Bury 1832–57; R. of Elmdon 1857
    to death; author of _The doctrine of atonement is agreeable to
    reason_ 1817, and of sermons; collected materials for a history of
    Bury. _d._ West Felton vicarage, Salop 4 June 1863. _Admission
    register of Manchester school iii_, 13–15 (1874).

  BOUTFLOWER, VENERABLE SAMUEL PEACH (_eld. son of Charles Boutflower
    of Colchester, surgeon_). _b._ 1815; ed. at St. John’s coll. Cam.,
    scholar, 22 wrangler 1838, B.A. 1838, M.A. 1841; P.C. of Brathay
    1839–42 and 1856–67; C. of Seaforth 1842–56; V. of St. Lawrence
    Appleby 1867 to death; archdeacon and canon res. of Carlisle 1867
    to death. _d._ The Abbey, Carlisle 22 Dec. 1882.

  BOUVERIE, REV. EDWARD (_2 son of hon. Bartholomew Bouverie
    1753–1835, M.P. for Downton_). _b._ 15 Aug. 1783; ed. at Ch. Ch.
    Ox., B.A. 1804, M.A. 1807; V. of Coleshill, Berks. 1808 to death;
    chaplain in ord. to the Sovereign 1819 to death; preb. of Preston
    in Sarum cathedral 16 Feb. 1826 to death. _d._ Coleshill vicarage
    22 July 1874.

  BOUVERIE, EVERARD WILLIAM (_eld. son of Edward Bouverie of Delapré
    abbey near Northampton 1767–1858_). _b._ 13 Oct. 1789; ed. at
    Harrow and St. John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1812, M.A. 1816; cornet
    Royal horse guards 2 April 1812, lieut. col. 16 Sep. 1845 to Sep.
    1853 when placed on h.p.; colonel 15 Hussars 17 July 1859 to
    death; general 9 April 1868; author of _The horse-buyer’s guide,
    shewing the tricks of dealers_ 1853. _d._ Delapré abbey 18 Nov.
    1871. _Annual Register_ (1862) 149–53.

    Paris 1844; C. of St. Peter Port. Guernsey 1850–57; Incumb. of St.
    Paul, Aberdeen 1858–69; Incumb. of French Anglican church of St.
    John, Bloomsbury st. London 1869 to death; author of _Force et
    Faiblesse_ 1859; _Life and its lessons, a tale_ 1859; _Six short
    stories for short people_ 1861, _new ed._ 1868; _Herbert Lovell_
    1862. _d._ 1884.

  BOUVERIE, SIR HENRY FREDERICK (_youngest son of Edward Bouverie
    1738–1810, M.P. for New Sarum_). _b._ 11 July 1783; ed. at Eton;
    ensign 2 Foot Guards 23 Oct. 1799, major 18 Jany. 1820 to 27 May
    1825; assistant adjutant general to 4 division of the army 1810;
    governor of Malta 1 Oct. 1836 to 14 June 1843; L.G. 28 June 1838;
    col. of 1 West India regiment 13 May 1842 and of 97 Foot 21 Nov.
    1843 to death; K.C.B. 5 Jany. 1815, G.C.B. 6 April 1852, G.C.M.G.
    28 Sep. 1836. _d._ Woolbeding house near Midhurst, Sussex 14 Nov.

    Bouverie_). _b._ 6 Feb. 1797; ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A.
    1817, M.A. 1820, B.D. 1829; fellow of Merton coll.; R. of West
    Tytherley, Hants. 1829–39; R. of Denton, Norfolk 1839 to death;
    hon. canon of Norwich 1847 to death; archdeacon of Norfolk 20 Dec.
    1850 to 1869. _d._ Denton rectory 23 Sep. 1877.

  BOUVIER, AUGUSTUS JULES (_son of Jules Bouvier of London, painter
    1800–67_). Painter of figure subjects in water colours in London;
    member of New Society of Painters in water colours 1853; exhibited
    55 pictures at Suffolk st. gallery 1845–65. _d._ 56 Alexandra
    road, St. John’s Wood, London 20 Jany. 1881 aged 54.

  BOVILL, GEORGE HINTON (_son of Benjamin Bovill of Durnsford lodge,
    Wimbledon who d. 1864_). _b._ London 1821; member of firm of
    Swayne and Co. of Millwall, makers of railway wheels and
    machinery; introduced important improvements in grinding of corn
    by use of an air blast and exhaust between the millstones 1849;
    connected with Millwall iron works; constructed the iron forts at
    Plymouth; took out a patent dated 5 June 1849 for ‘Improvements in
    the manufacture of flour,’ there was a very long litigation about
    this patent which lasted 12 years 1856–68 and cost £60,000, the
    judges not being able to settle meaning of the words “my invention
    relates only to sucking away the plenum of dusty air forced
    through the stones.” _d._ Malvern 9 May 1868. _W. W. Wynne’s The
    Bovill patent_ 1873.

  BOVILL, SIR WILLIAM (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Allhallows,
    Barking, London 26 May 1814; articled in office of Willis and Co.
    solicitors Tokenhouse yard; pupil of Wm. Fry Channell; practised
    as special pleader; barrister M.T. 15 Jany. 1841, bencher 1855,
    treasurer 1866; went the Home circuit; largely engaged in
    commercial cases in which he was unsurpassed; Q.C. 1855; M.P. for
    Guildford 28 March 1857 to 29 Nov. 1866; Petition of right act 23
    and 24 Vict. cap. 34 and Partnership law amendment act 28 and 29
    Vict. cap. 86 are known as Bovill’s acts; solicitor general 10
    July 1866; knighted at Osborne 26 July 1866; serjeant at law 29
    Nov. 1866; lord chief justice of Court of Common Pleas 29 Nov.
    1866 to death; P.C. 28 Dec. 1866; F.R.S. 9 May 1867; hon. D.C.L.
    Ox. 1870; tried ejectment case of Tichborne _v._ Lushington 11 May
    1871 to 6 March 1872 when he ordered the plaintiff to be indicted
    for perjury; he is one of the three clerks drawn by John Oxenford
    in his first dramatic piece _My fellow clerks_ 1835. _d._ Combe
    house, near Kingston on Thames 1 Nov. 1873. _I.L.N. xlix_, 569
    (1866), _portrait, lxiii_, 447, 614 (1873).

  BOVILL, WILLIAM JOHN (_only son of Wm. Bovill of Upper Tooting,
    Surrey, solicitor._) _b._ Dec. 1810; solicitor at Upper Tooting
    1833–5 and at 24 Essex st. Strand, London 1835–46; barrister M.T.
    29 Jany. 1847; admitted ad eundem at L.I. 31 Jany. 1850; Q.C. 8
    Feb. 1872; bencher of L.I. 8 May 1872. _d._ Bath 3 March 1882.

  BOWATER, SIR EDWARD (_only son of Edward Bowater of Hampton Court
    Middlesex, admiral R.N._) _b._ St. James’s palace, London 13 July
    1787; ed. at Harrow; ensign 3 Foot Guards 31 March 1804, major 12
    Oct. 1826 to 10 Jany. 1837; served in Peninsula and at Waterloo;
    equerry to William iv, 1831–37; equerry to Prince Albert 1840–46;
    groom in waiting in ordinary to the Queen 3 March 1846; colonel 49
    Foot 24 April 1846 to death; general 20 June 1854, K.C.H. 1837.
    _d._ Cannes, France 14 Dec. 1861. _Miscellanea geneal. et herald.
    n.s. ii_, 177–9; _Martin’s Life of the Prince Consort v_, 405,

  BOWDEN, HANNAH (_dau. of John Finch Marsh of Croydon_). _b._ London
    1823; wrote poetry in _The Peace Advocate_. (_m._ Sep. 1857 James
    Bowden, recording clerk of Society of Friends). _d._ Croydon 3
    July 1859. _Poetical remains of Hannah Bowden edited by her
    sister_ [_Priscilla Marsh_] 1860.

  BOWDEN, REV. JOHN EDWARD (_eld. son of John Wm. Bowden, of
    Wimbledon, Surrey who d. 15 Sep. 1844 aged 46_). _b._ London 24
    April 1829; ed. at Eton 1841–6 and Trin. coll. Ox.; joined Church
    of Rome 1848; novice at Oratory of St. Wilfrid’s Cotton hall,
    Staffs. 2 Feb. 1849, went to King Wm. st. Strand, London with the
    other Fathers May 1849; ordained priest 1852; edited _Notes on
    doctrinal and spiritual subjects by F. W. Faber 2 vols._ 1866;
    _The spiritual works of Louis of Blois_ 1871; author of _The life
    and letters of Frederick Wm. Faber_ 1869. _d._ the Oratory,
    Brompton, London 14 Dec. 1874.

  BOWDICH, EDWARD HOPE SMITH (_son of Thomas Edward Bowdich, African
    traveller 1791–1824_). _b._ 16 Feb. 1822; ed. at Merchant Taylors’
    school 1829–38; entered Bombay army 1838; served in Persian
    campaign under Sir James Outram 1856–7, and Indian mutiny 1857–9;
    commandant 7 Bombay N.I. 1 Jany. 1862 to 31 Dec. 1874 when he
    retired on full pay; M.G. 23 Jany. 1875. _d._ 58 Harley st. London
    5 Feb. 1882.

  BOWDLER, HENRY. Entered Madras army 1797; col. 21 N.I. 24 Dec. 1835
    to death; M.G. 28 June 1838. _d._ Dublin 6 June 1851.

  BOWDLER, REV. THOMAS (_eld. son of John Bowdler of Eltham, Kent
    1746–1823_). _b._ 13 March 1780; ed. at Hyde Abbey sch. near
    Winchester and St. John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1803, M.A. 1806; C. of
    Leyton, Essex 1803–6; Incumbent of Hopton-Wafers, Salop 1806, of
    Ash, Kent 1809, of Ridley, Kent 1809, of Addington, Kent to 1832,
    and of St. Bartholomews, Sydenham 1832–43; sec. to Incorporated
    Church building society 1846 to death; preb. of St. Paul’s 7 Dec.
    1849 to death; author of _A pastor’s address to his flock_ 1818,
    _4 ed._ 1822; _Sermons on the nature, offices and character of
    Jesus Christ 2 vols._ 1818–20; _Quid Romæ faciam_ 1841, _2 ed._
    1842; _Sermons on the privileges, responsibilities and duties of
    members of the Gospel covenant 2 vols._ 1845–46. _d._ 2 Onslow sq.
    Brompton, London 11 Nov. 1856. _An account of a memorial to the
    late Rev. T. Bowdler with memoir_ 1858; _G.M. ii_, 241–2 (1857).

  BOWEN, FRANCIS NATHANIEL BURTON (_son of Edward Bowen, chief justice
    of Canada_). _b._ Canada 1822; ed. at Univ. of Edin., M.B. 1854;
    assistant surgeon Coldstream Guards 22 Dec. 1854 to 2 Dec. 1859
    when placed on h.p.; surgeon in Military school Dublin; practised
    in London 1862 to death; assisted Spencer Wells in his private
    practice; published some interesting papers 1866 on _Cancer of the
    Peritoneum_ and _Fatty degeneration of the walls of Ovarian
    Cysts_. _d._ 28 Oct. 1868.

  BOWEN, HERBERT. Entered Bengal army 1795; lieut. col. commandant 51
    N.I. 28 Nov. 1826; col. 34 N.I. 5 Jany. 1829 to 2 April 1834; col.
    55 N.I. 2 April 1834 to 1842 and col. 19 N.I. 1842 to death; M.G.
    28 June 1838; C.B. 20 July 1838. _d._ Montagu sq. London 16 Oct.
    1851 aged 70.

  BOWEN, REV. JEREMIAH. Educ. at All Souls’ coll. Ox., B.A. 1825; R.
    of West Lynn, Norfolk 1830–63; R. of Walton-Lewes, Norfolk 24 Feb.
    1863 to death; author of _The Resurrection defended against the
    objections of the Mental improvement society_ 1838; _The war
    abroad and the Church at home_ 1854; _Starlight and other poems by
    Walton Lewes pseud._ 1869; _St. Cross and other poems by Walton
    Lewes_ 1872. _d._ 1875.

  BOWEN, RIGHT REV. JOHN (_son of Thomas Bowen, captain 85 Foot who d.
    1844._) _b._ Court near Fishguard, Pembrokeshire 21 Nov. 1815; ed.
    at Haverfordwest; went to Canada April 1835; farmed land at
    Dunville on shores of Lake Erie 1835–42; entered at Trin. coll.
    Dublin Jany. 1843, B.A. 1847, LL.B. and LLD. 1857; ordained deacon
    in Ripon Cathedral 20 Sep. 1846, and priest 19 Sep. 1847; C. of
    Knaresborough 1848–50; R. of Orton Longueville, Hunts. 1853–57;
    Bishop of Sierra Leone 10 Aug. 1857 to death; consecrated at
    Lambeth 21 Sep. 1857; sailed for his diocese 26 Nov. 1857. _d._
    Freetown, Sierra Leone 28 May 1859. _Memorials of John Bowen
    compiled from his letters and journals by his sister_ 1862; _G. M.
    vii_, 187–8 (1859).

  BOWER, GEORGE HENRY KERR. _b._ 1817; entered navy March 1828;
    commanded the Osborne yacht 1856–64; master attendant Gosport
    victualling yard 1 Dec. 1864 to 1869; retired captain 15 June
    1870; knight of the Legion of Honour; C.B. 13 March 1867; author
    of _Drops from the ocean, or life under the Pennant_ 1879. _d._
    York crescent Lower Norwood 26 Aug. 1883.

  BOWER, HAROLD ELYOTT. Paris correspondent of _Morning Post_ 1848 to
    1852 and of _Morning Advertiser_ 1852 to death; killed Saville
    Morton, Paris correspondent of _Morning Advertiser_ by stabbing
    him in Paris 1 Oct. 1852, tried in Paris for murder 27 Dec. 1852
    when acquitted. _d._ 142 Rue de la Tour, Passy, Paris 8 Dec. 1884
    aged 69. _Annual Register_ (1852) 402–407.

  BOWER, JOSHUA. Crown and bottle glass manufacturer at Hunslet near
    Leeds; one of the largest toll farmers in England, having at one
    time nearly all turnpikes between Leeds and London besides
    numerous others; took a conspicuous part in most of the political
    movements of his time; contested Leeds 17 Feb. 1834; a member of
    Leeds town council 1835 to death, and alderman Nov. 1844 to death;
    proprietor of extensive coal mines. _d._ Hillidge house Hunslet 7
    Sep. 1855 aged 82.

  BOWERBANK, JAMES SCOTT (_son of Edward Bowerbank of Bishopsgate,
    London, rectifying distiller_). _b._ Bishopsgate July 1797;
    rectifying distiller in Bishopsgate 1817–47; a founder of London
    Clay Club 1836, Microscopical Society 1839, Ray Society 1844 and
    Palæontographical Society 1847; F.R.S. 17 Nov. 1842; built a
    museum at Highbury 1846; his magnificent natural history
    collection was sold to British Museum 1864; author of _A history
    of the fossil fruits and seeds of the London clay_ 1840; _A
    monograph of the British Spongiadæ 3 vols._ 1864, and of 45 papers
    in scientific periodicals. _d._ 2 East Ascent, St. Leonards-on-Sea
    9 March 1877. _Monthly notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xxxviii_,
    144–7 (1878).

  BOWERS. Charles Robert. Cornet 13 Dragoons 18 Jany. 1810; captain 23
    Foot 30 Dec. 1818 to 5 April 1820 when placed on h.p.; L.G. 10
    March 1866. _d._ Little Tew Lodge, Oxfordshire 9 Oct. 1870.

  BOWERS, VERY REV. GEORGE HULL (_son of Francis Bowers_). _b._
    Staffordshire 1794; ed. at Pembroke gr. sch. and Clare coll. Cam.,
    B.A. 1819, B.D. 1829, D.D. 1849; P.C. of Elstow Beds. 1819–32;
    select preacher to Univ. of Cam. 1830; R. of St. Paul’s Covent
    Garden, London 1831–47; joint founder with Rev. Charles Eaton
    Plater of Marlborough college 1843; dean of Manchester 19 June
    1847 to 24 Sep. 1872; author of _Sermons preached before the
    University of Cambridge_ 1830; _A scheme for the foundation of
    schools for the sons of clergymen and others_ 1842; _Pew rents
    injurious to the Church_ 1865. _d._ Leamington 27 Dec. 1872 in 79
    year. _R. Parkinson’s Old church clock_ _5 ed._ 1880 _p. lxxiv_.

  BOWERS, REV. JOHN. _b._ Chester 19 July 1796; Wesleyan minister in
    London 1834–40; a chief founder of Theological college at Didsbury
    near Manchester 1842, and governor 1843–64: Pres. of Wesleyan
    conference 1858–59. _d._ Southport 30 May 1866. _Wesl. Meth. Mag.
    lxxxix, pt._ 2, 942–3 (1866); _J. Evan’s Lancashire authors_
    (1850) 38–42.

  BOWERYEM, GEORGE. _b._ England; went to United States 1854; a
    correspondent of _The Tribune_ at Charleston and subsequently of
    _Philadelphia Press_ with the army of the Potomac; published
    melodies of considerable merit; drowned near Newport News 12 July
    1864 aged about 33.

  BOWES, JAMES STUART. Edited _Galignani’s Messenger_ in Paris 40
    years; wrote _Deeds of dreadful note_ and many other dramatic
    pieces for the London stage under pseudonym of Alfred Dubois. _d._
    Paris 24 May 1864 aged 75.

  BOWES, JOHN (_son of John Bowes of Swineside Coverdale, parish of
    Coverham, Yorkshire 1779–1853_). _b._ Swineside 12 June 1804;
    joined Wesleyan Methodists 1817, and Primitive Methodists Dec.
    1821; went from town to town preaching in the open air; pastor of
    the first church of Christian Mission in Dundee 20 April 1831; one
    of English representatives at Brussels peace congress 20–21 Sep.
    1848; published two monthly magazines entitled _The Christian
    Magazine_ and _The truth promoter_; author of _Treatise on
    Christian Union_ 1835; _The New Testament translated from the
    purest Greek_ 1870, and 220 Gospel and other tracts to instruct
    Christians. _d._ Westfield house, Dundee 23 Sep. 1874. _The
    autobiography or history of the life of John Bowes_ 1872,

  BOWES, JOHN (_natural son of John Bowes-Lyon 10 Earl of Strathmore
    1769–1820_). _b._ 19 July 1811; ed. at Eton; M.P. for South Durham
    24 Dec. 1832 to 23 July 1847; began racing 1834, won Derby with
    Mundig 1835, gaining £19,000 besides stakes of £6,000, won Two
    thousand guineas with Meteor 1842, same race and Derby with
    Cotherstone 1843, Derby with Daniel O’Rourke 1852, and Two
    thousand guineas Derby and St. Leger with West Australian 1853,
    won Ascot cup with same horse 1854; the luckiest man on the turf
    and one of best judges of yearlings; oldest member of Jockey club;
    sheriff of Durham 1854; erected at Barnard Castle, Durham in
    memory of his first wife the “Josephine and John Bowes museum and
    park” at cost of £80,000 and gave art treasures to the museum,
    (_m._ (1) 1872 Josephine Benoite, Countess of Montalbo who _d._
    1874, _m._ (2) 1877 Alphonsina Marie de St. Amand, Comtesse de
    Courten of the Valais, Switzerland). _d._ Streatlam Castle near
    Gateshead 9 Oct. 1885. _Sporting Review xl_, 114–8 (1858);
    _Illust. sp. and dr. news xxiv_, 107, 114 (1885).

  BOWES, ROBERT AITKEN (_son of John Bowes 1804–74_). Editor of the
    _Bolton Guardian_. _d._ 7 Nov. 1879 aged 42.

  BOWIE, JAMES, _b._ London; entered service of Royal gardens, Kew
    1810; botanical collector to the gardens 1814; collected plants
    and seeds in Brazil 1815–17, and in South Africa 1817–23; enriched
    gardens of Europe with greater variety of succulent plants than
    had ever been discovered by any traveller; gardener to Baron
    Ludwig of Ludwigsberg, Cape of Good Hope about 1829–41; made
    journeys into interior of South Africa to collect plants for sale.
    _d._ 1853.

  BOWLBY, THOMAS WILLIAM (_eld. child of Thomas Bowlby, captain R.A._)
    _b._ Gibraltar about 1817; articled to Russell Bowlby of
    Sunderland solicitor; member of firm of Lawrence, Crowdy and
    Bowlby solicitors 25 Old Fish st. Doctors Commons London 1846–54;
    arranged performances abroad for L. G. Jullien the musician;
    special correspondent of _Times_ at Berlin 1848 and in China 1860
    to death; shipwrecked in the Malabar at Point de Galle 22 May
    1860; went with Admiral Hope to Tang-chow Aug. 1860; captured by
    Tartar general Sanko-lin-sin 18 Sep. 1860; died from effects of
    torture inflicted by Chinese, 22 Sep. 1860. _bur._ in Russian
    cemetery outside Antin gate of Pekin 17 Oct. _Boulger’s History of
    China iii_, 499–521 (1884); _I.L.N. xxxvii_, 615–6 (1860),

  BOWLER, THOMAS WILLIAM _b._ in the Vale of Aylesbury; assistant
    astronomer under Sir T. Maclear at Cape Town 1833–7; an artist and
    teacher of drawing at Cape Town; painted a panorama of the
    district; made a number of drawings in Mauritius 1866; published
    _Four views of Cape Town_ 1844; _South African sketches_ 1854;
    _The Kafir wars a series of 20 views_ 1865. _d._ England 24 Oct.
    1869. _Art Journal ix_, 107 (1870).

  BOWLES, SIR GEORGE (_2 son of Wm. Bowles of Heale house, Wilts._)
    _b._ Heale house 1787; Ensign Coldstream Guards 20 Dec. 1804,
    major 31 Dec. 1839 to 30 May 1843 when placed on h.p.; served in
    the Peninsula 1808–14, in Flanders and France 1814–18, in the West
    Indies 1820–25, and in Canada 1837–43; commanded the troops in
    Lower Canada during rebellion of 1838; comptroller of household of
    Viceroy of Ireland 1843–5; master of the Queen’s household 4 April
    1845 to July 1851; lieutenant of Tower of London 16 July 1851 to
    death; K.C.B. 22 July 1851, G.C.B. 24 May 1873; col. of 1 West
    India regiment 9 Sep. 1855 to death; general 9 Nov. 1862. _d._ 9
    Berkeley St. Piccadilly London 24 May 1876. _I.L.N. lxviii_, 551
    (1876), _lxix_, 255.

  BOWLES, REV. HENRY MATTHEW JOHN. Educ. at Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A.
    1846, M.A. 1851, M.A. Ox. 1856; C. of St. John Cheltenham 1851–54;
    R. of Framilode Gloucs. 21 Sep. 1854 to 1867; R. of St. Aldate’s
    Gloucester 15 April 1867 to death; author of _Prayers for the
    dead_ 1873; _Fasting communion_ 1873; _Lawlessness_ 1874. _d._
    Cathedral house, College gardens, Gloucester 6 Jany. 1884.

  BOWLES, REV. JOSEPH. Educ. at Magd. hall Ox., B.A. 1835, M.A. 1836,
    LLD. 1837, D.D. 1841; R. of Woodstock 1841–7; V. of Stanton-Lacey,
    Shropshire 1847 to death; author of _Elegy on the death of the
    Princess Charlotte_; _Monody on the death of Sir John
    Throckmorton_; _Letters in vindication of the appointment of the
    Bishop of Hereford_. _d._ 1879.

  BOWLES, SIR WILLIAM (_eld. son of Wm. Bowles of Heale house,
    Wilts._) _b._ Heale house 1780; entered navy 9 Sep. 1796, captain
    13 Oct. 1807; commander in chief on South American station
    1816–20; comptroller general of the Coastguard July 1822 to Nov.
    1841; a lord of the Admiralty 13 May 1844 to 13 July 1846; M.P.
    for Launceston 20 May 1844 to 1 July 1852; admiral 28 Nov. 1857;
    commander in chief at Portsmouth 1 March 1859 to 1 March 1860;
    admiral of the fleet 15 Jany. 1869 to death; C.B. 18 April 1839,
    K.C.B. 10 Nov. 1862, F.R.G.S. 1833; author of _Thoughts on
    national defence_; _Considerations on the late naval war_ 1856.
    _d._ 8 Hill st. Berkeley sq. London 2 July 1869. _Journal of Royal
    Geog. Soc. xl, pp. cxl-cxlii_, (1870).

  BOWLEY, ROBERT KANZOW (_son of Mr. Bowley of Charing Cross, London,
    bootmaker_). _b._ 13 May 1813; brought up to the bootmaking
    business; conductor of Benevolent society of musical amateurs;
    organist of an independent chapel near Leicester sq. about 1834;
    joined the Sacred harmonic society 1834, librarian 1837–54,
    treasurer 1854–70: originated in 1856 plan of the gigantic Handel
    festivals which have been held every three years at Crystal Palace
    since 1857; general manager of Crystal Palace 8 April 1858 to
    death; committed suicide by jumping into the Thames from a
    steamboat at Greenwich 25 Aug. 1870.

  BOWLY, SAMUEL (_son of Mr. Bowly of Bibury, Gloucs., miller_). _b._
    Cirencester 23 March 1802; a cheese factor at Gloucester 1829;
    chairman of many local companies; took a prominent part in
    agitation against the corn laws and against slavery; a founder of
    British and ragged schools in Gloucester; formed a teetotal
    society at Gloucester 30 Dec. 1835; pres. of National temperance
    league. _d._ Gloucester 23 March 1884. _Sessions’s Life of S.
    Bowly_ 1884, _portrait_; _The Public Good, Sep. and Oct. 1851,

  BOWMAN, EDDOWES (_eld. son of John Eddowes Bowman of Wrexham, bank
    manager 1785–1841_). _b._ Nantwich 12 Nov. 1810; ed. at Hazelwood
    near Birmingham; sub-manager of Varteg iron works near Pontypool
    about 1835–40; studied in Univ. of Glasgow and at Berlin;
    professor of classical literature and history in Manchester New
    College 1846 to 1853 when college was removed to London as a
    purely theological institution; F.R.A.S. 1864; built an
    observatory at Manchester; author of _Arguments against the divine
    authority of the Sabbath considered and shown to be inconclusive_
    1842; _On the Roman governors of Syria at the time of the birth of
    Christ_ 1855 and of many papers in the _Christian Reformer_. _d._
    Victoria park, Manchester 10 July 1869. _Unitarian Herald 16 July
    1869_; _Hall’s History of Nantwich_ (1883) 505.

  BOWMAN, HENRIETTA (_dau. of Rev. John Bowman, P.C. of Burscough near
    Ormskirk Lancs._) _b._ Cumberland 1838; taught Bible classes for
    young ladies at Clifton and Southport; author of _Life, its duty
    and discipline_ 1859; _Christian daily life_ 1860, _new ed._ 1877;
    _Our village girls_ 1863; _Thoughts for workers and sufferers_
    1868; _The autobiography of Elsie Ellis_ 1869, in which she
    describes her own childhood and girlhood; _Lily Hope and her
    friends_ 1885. _d._ Southport 13 Feb. 1872. _Songs amid the
    shadows by the late Hetty Bowman 2 ed._ 1872; _Woman’s Work in the
    great harvest field i_, 137–40 (1872).

  BOWMAN, JOHN EDDOWES (_brother of Eddowes Bowman 1810–69_). _b._
    Welchpool 7 July 1819; ed. at King’s college London; demonstrator
    of chemistry at the college 1845 and professor of practical
    chemistry there 1851 to death; one of founders of Chemical society
    of London 1841; author of _A lecture on steam boiler explosions_
    1845; _An introduction to practical Chemistry_ 1848, _6 ed._ 1871;
    _A practical Handbook of medical chemistry_ 1850, _4 ed._ 1862.
    _d._ 10 Feb. 1854. _Chem. Soc. Journ. ix_, 159 (1857).

  BOWNESS, WILLIAM. _b._ Kendal 1809; _portrait_ and figure painter in
    London 1830; exhibited his ‘Keepsake’ at Royal Academy 1836 and
    about one picture annually until his death; exhibited 26 pictures
    at British Institution and 86 pictures at Suffolk st. gallery;
    author of _Rustic studies in the Westmoreland dialect with other
    scraps from the sketch-book of an artist_ 1868. _d._ Charlotte st.
    Fitzroy sq. London 27 Dec. 1867.

  BOWRING, ALGERNON CHARLES. _b._ Hackney, London 19 March 1828; ed.
    at London Univ. and Trin. coll. Cam.; joined Church of Rome 1850;
    entered Society of Jesus at Hodder 24 March 1850; professor of
    rhetoric at Stonyhurst college 1854; studied theology at St.
    Beuno’s college and then in the Roman college at Rome 1855 to
    death. _d._ the Roman College 18 Nov. 1857.

  BOWRING, SIR JOHN (_eld. son of Charles Bowring of Larkbear Devon,
    serge manufacturer_). _b._ Exeter 17 Oct. 1792; set up in business
    in London 1815; travelled abroad 1819–20; joint editor of
    _Westminster Review_ 1824 and then sole editor; examined and
    reported on public accounts of Holland 1828 and France 1831; LLD.
    Univ. of Groningen 31 Jany. 1829; sec. to Commission for
    inspecting accounts of United Kingdom 1831; contested Blackburn
    1832, M.P. for Kilmarnock 1835–37 and for Bolton 1841–49; British
    consul at Canton 10 Jany. 1849; plenipotentiary to China 24 Dec.
    1853 to 17 April 1857; governor of Hong Kong 10 Jany. 1854; sent
    on special mission to Siam 12 March 1855; retired on a
    superannuation allowance 17 July 1859; knighted at Buckingham
    Palace 16 Feb. 1854; F.R.S. 5 June 1856; one of greatest linguists
    on record; author of _Specimens of the Russian poets translated_
    1820; _Minor morals for young people illustrated in tales and
    travels 2 vols._ 1834–35; _The kingdom and people of Siam 2 vols._
    1857; _The Oak, original tales and sketches_ 1869 and many other
    books. _d._ Claremont near Exeter 23 Nov. 1872. _Bowring, Cobden
    and China a memoir by L. Moor_ 1857; _Autobiographical
    recollections of Sir J. Bowring with a brief memoir by L. B.
    Bowring_ 1877; _Sir J. Bowring’s The kingdom and people of Siam
    ii_, 248–340 (1857), _portrait_; _Illustrated Review i_, 161–65,
    _portrait_; _Dict. of Nat. Biog. vi_, 76–80 (1886).

  BOWSTEAD, REV. JOHN. Educ. at St. John’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1832, M.A.
    1835; V. of Messingham, Lincs. 1840–62; R. of St. Olave’s
    Southwark, London 1862 to death; author of _The village wake_
    1846; _Practical sermons 2 vols._ 1856; _Regeneration not
    salvation, a letter to Mr. Spurgeon_ 1864. _d._ 29 Jany. 1875 aged

  BOWYER, CORNELIUS. Entered Bengal army 1799, lieut. col. 9 July
    1825, retired 20 May 1829; C.B. 26 Dec. 1826. _d._ Ostend 12 Feb.

  BOWYER, SIR GEORGE, 6 and 2 Baronet. _b._ Radley house near
    Abingdon, Berkshire March 1783; ed. at Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1804,
    M.A. 1807; succeeded his father 6 Dec. 1799; M.P. for Malmesbury 8
    May 1807 to Jany. 1810, for Abingdon 24 June 1811 to 10 June 1818;
    author of _The resolution of the House of Commons in the last
    session of the late Parliament relative to the adjustment of the
    claims of the Roman Catholics considered_ 1813. _d._ Dresden 1
    July 1860.

  BOWYER, SIR GEORGE, 7 and 3 Baronet (_eld. son of the preceding_).
    _b._ Radley house 8 Oct. 1811; barrister M.T. 7 June 1839, reader
    1850; hon. M.A. Ox. 1839, hon. D.C.L. 1844; contested Reading
    1849; M.P. for Dundalk 1852–68, and for co. Wexford 1874–80;
    expelled from Reform Club by a vote of two-thirds at a general
    meeting 23 June 1876 for his frequent voting against Liberal
    party; joined Church of Rome 1850; chamberlain to Pope Pius ix;
    built church of St. John of Jerusalem Great Ormond st. Bloomsbury,
    London; a knight of Malta; knight grand cross of order of St.
    Gregory the Great; author of _A dissertation on the statutes of
    the cities of Italy_ 1838; _Commentaries on the modern civil law_
    1848; _Lombardy, the Pope and Austria_ 1848; _Commentaries on
    universal public law_ 1854; _Friends of Ireland in council—Sir
    George Bowyer, W. H. Wilberforce, J. P. Hennessey_ 1864;
    _Introduction to the study and use of the civil law_ 1874; found
    dead in his bed at 13 King’s Bench Walk Temple, London 7 June
    1883. _Rev. T. Mozley’s Reminiscences ii_, 231–5 (1882); _I.L.N.
    xxxvi_, 548 (1860), _portrait_.

  BOWYER, HENRY GEORGE (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 3 Jany.
    1813; inspector of schools 28 Sep. 1847. _d._ Leamington 26 Sep.

  BOWYER, JAMES. Member of many private clubs in London such as the
    Blenheim, the Socials, the Watsonians’ and the Hollywoods’; a well
    known whist player of the very old school. _d._ 17 Tavistock sq.
    London 11 Jany. 1871 aged 72.

  BOWYER, JOHN. _b._ Mitcham, Surrey 18 June 1790; a print cutter at
    Mitcham where he lived all his life; came out as a professional
    cricketer in the match Surrey against England at Lords 16–18 July
    1810 where he played in many great matches till 1828; played in 6
    matches of England against an eleven whose names all began with
    B.; played at Mitcham till 1838. _d._ Mitcham 3 Feb. 1880. _F.
    Gale’s Echoes from old cricket fields_ (1871) 20–29; _Illust.
    sporting and dramatic news ix_, 483 (1878), _portrait_.

  BOWYER, WILLIAM BOHUN. _b._ 1 Aug. 1789; entered navy 9 May 1803;
    inspecting commander in coast guard 14 Feb. 1817 to April 1828;
    captain 17 Feb. 1830; retired R.A. 9 July 1855. _d._ Southampton 8
    Oct. 1859.

  BOX, THOMAS. _b._ Ardingly, Sussex 7 Feb. 1809; played cricket
    1825–54, 30 seasons; first played at Lords 25 June 1832 in Sussex
    against England; played in 43 great matches 1851; the best wicket
    keeper in England; kept the Hanover Arms and Ground in Lewes road
    Brighton, then the Egremont hotel in Western road Brighton, then
    Brunswick cricket ground and hotel at Hove; ground keeper at
    Prince’s cricket ground London from date of formation of that club
    to death. _d._ suddenly on Prince’s cricket ground 12 July 1876.
    _W. Denison’s Cricket_ (1846) 16–17; _I.L.N. iii_, 45 (1843),

  BOXALL, SIR WILLIAM (_son of Thomas Boxall of Oxford, Clerk to the
    Collector of Excise_). _b._ Oxford 29 June 1800; ed. at Abingdon
    gr. sch. and Royal Academy 1819–27; lived in Italy 1827–9;
    exhibited 86 pictures at R.A. 1823–80; designed several
    illustrations for Waverley novels; painted portraits of many
    literary and artistic celebrities; many of his portraits of
    females were engraved in art publications; A.R.A. 1851, R.A. 1863;
    director of National Gallery Dec. 1865 to Feb. 1874; knighted at
    Windsor Castle 24 March 1871. _d._ 14 Welbeck st. Cavendish sq.
    London 6 Dec. 1879. _Fortnightly Review xxvii_, 177–89 (1880);
    _Waagen’s Galleries of art_ (1857) 196–8; _I.L.N. xliii_, 80, 94
    (1863), _portrait_.

  BOXER, EDWARD. _b._ Dover 1784; entered navy 1 July 1798; captain 23
    June 1823; C.B. 18 Dec. 1840; agent for transports and harbour
    master at Quebec 24 Aug. 1843 to 5 March 1853; R.A. 5 March 1853;
    admiral superintendent in the Bosphorus 7 April 1854 and at
    Balaklava 18 Dec. 1854 to death; gazetted K.C.B. 10 July 1855.
    _d._ of cholera on Board H.M.S. Jason outside harbour of Balaklava
    4 June 1855 in 72 year. _I.L.N. xxvi_, 644 (1855).

  BOYCE, REV. JAMES. _b._ Ardagh, co. Longford; ed. at St. John’s
    coll. Fordham New York, ordained priest 1854; pastor of St. Mary’s
    Roman Catholic church N.Y. 1854–63 and of St. Teresa’s church 21
    June 1863 to death; founded St. Teresa’s Male academy at 10
    Rutgers st. N.Y. 1865 and established a convent for girls at 139
    Henry st. 1872. _d._ New York 9 July 1876 aged 50. _J. G. Shea’s
    Catholic churches of New York city_ (1878) 674–8.

  BOYCE, JOSEPH (_3 son of James Boyce of Kilcason, Ferns, co.
    Wexford_). _b._ 1795; a merchant at Dublin; lord mayor of Dublin
    1855; sheriff of city and county of Dublin 1865. _d._ 1875.

  BOYD, VERY REV. ARCHIBALD (_son of Archibald Boyd of Gortlee and
    Derry, treasurer of Donegal_). _b._ Londonderry 1803; ed. at
    diocesan college Londonderry and Trin. coll. Dub., B.A. 1825, M.A.
    1832, B.D. and D.D. 1868; C. and preacher in Derry Cathedral
    1827–42; P.C. of Ch. Ch. Cheltenham 1842–59; hon. canon of
    Gloucester cath. 1857–67; P.C. of Paddington 1859–67; rural dean
    1860–67; dean of Exeter 11 Nov. 1867 to death; author of _Sermons
    on the Church_ 1838; _Episcopacy and Presbytery_ 1841; _The
    history of the Book of Common Prayer_ 1850; _Turkey and the Turks_
    1853; _Baptism and baptismal regeneration_ 1865. _d._ the deanery
    Exeter 11 July 1883. Bequeathed nearly £40,000 to societies and
    institutions in diocese of Exeter. _A golden decade of a favoured
    town by Contem Ignotus_ (1884) 70–102.

  BOYD, BENJAMIN (_2 son of Edward Boyd of Merton hall, Wigtonshire
    who d. 1846_). _b._ about 1796; a stockbroker in City of London
    1824–39; went out to Sydney to organise various branches of Royal
    Banking Company of Australia 1840–41; speculated largely in
    whaling also in shipping cattle to Tasmania and New Zealand;
    founded Boyd Town, Twofold Bay N.S.W.; the largest squatter in
    Australia having in 1847 estates of his own amounting to 381,000
    acres; went to California 1850; murdered by the natives at
    Gaudalcanar one of the islands in the Solomon Group 1851. _Heads
    of the people i_, 21 (1847), _portrait_; _J. H. Heaton’s
    Australian dictionary of dates_ (1879) 23–4.

  BOYD, CHARLES. Commissioner of customs in Ireland; surveyor general
    of customs for the United Kingdom 1840 to 1855. _d._ Brixton,
    London 7 May 1857 aged 76.

  BOYD, DAVID. Superintending surgeon Madras army 8 Dec. 1837, surgeon
    genl. 19 Aug. 1846 to 1 Aug. 1850 when he retired. _d._ 26
    Drummond place, Edin. 25 Oct. 1854 aged 61.

  BOYD, SIR HARLEY HUGH, 5 Baronet. _b._ Drumawillen house, co. Antrim
    2 Nov. 1853; succeeded 7 Aug. 1857. _d._ 2 June 1876.

  BOYD, REV. JAMES (_son of Mr. Boyd of Paisley, glover_). _b._
    Paisley 24 Dec. 1795; ed. at Paisley and Univ. of Glasgow;
    licensed to preach by Presbytery of Dumbarton May 1822; House
    Governor of Heriot’s hospital Edinburgh 1825 to 29 Aug. 1829; one
    of Classical masters in high sch. Edin. 19 Aug. 1829 to death;
    sec. to Edinburgh Society of teachers many years. _d._ George sq.
    Edinburgh 18 Aug. 1856. _W. S. Dalgleish’s Memorials of the high
    school of Edinburgh_ (1857) 31, 46–7, _portrait_; _History of Dr.
    Boyd’s fourth High school class with biographical sketch of Dr.
    Boyd by James Colston_, _2 ed._ 1873.

  BOYD, REV. JAMES. Licensed by Presbytery of Edinburgh 28 June 1815;
    ordained 11 Feb. 1818; minister of Auchinleck 24 Nov. 1818, of
    Ochiltree 27 March 1833 and of Tron church Glasgow 28 March 1844
    to death; D.D. Glasgow 1845. _d._ 27 March 1865 in 79 year. _Our
    Scottish Clergy_, (_2 series_ 1849) 51–58.

  BOYD, JAMES. _b._ Drogheda, Ireland; proprietor and editor of the
    _Panama Star and Herald_ 1865 to death. _d._ Panama 25 April 1882
    aged 43.

  BOYD, SIR JOHN, 3 Baronet. _b._ 5 June 1786; ensign 5 Foot 8 July
    1808; lieut. 1 Garrison battalion 1811–1814 when placed on h.p.;
    succeeded 30 May 1815. _d._ Boulogne 19 Jany. 1855.

  BOYD, JOHN (_son of John Boyd of Belle Isle, co. Antrim_). _b._
    Rose-yard, co. Antrim 1789; M.P. for Coleraine 18 Feb. 1843 to
    March 1852 and 30 March 1857 to death. _d._ 2 Jany. 1862.

  BOYD, SIR JOHN AUGUSTUS HUGH, 4 Baronet. _b._ 30 July 1819;
    succeeded 19 Jany. 1855. _d._ 7 Aug. 1857.

  BOYD, JOHN M’NEILL (_brother of Very Rev. Archibald Boyd_). _b._
    Londonderry 1812; entered navy 1825; second captain of Royal
    George 120 guns 1853–6; served in the Baltic campaign; captain 10
    May 1856, captain of Ajax 60 guns coastguard ship at Kingstown 1
    Feb. 1858 to death; author of _A manual for naval cadets_ 1857.
    Drowned while attempting to rescue crew of a vessel wrecked near
    Kingstown harbour 9 Feb. 1861. _Life in death a sermon preached on
    board H.M.S. Ajax on Sunday Feb. 17, 1861 by the Lord Bishop of
    Labuan with a memoir of J. M. Boyd by his brother_ 1861.

  BOYD, MARK (_4 son of Edward Boyd of Merton hall, Wigtonshire who d.
    1846_). _b._ Surrey 1805; director in London of a Scotch Insurance
    Office; engaged in colonization of Australia and New Zealand
    1843–53; author of _Reminiscences of fifty years_ 1871; _Social
    Gleanings_ 1875. (_m._ 23 Sep. 1848 Emma Anne widow of Robert
    Coates, better known as Romeo Coates the eccentric actor, she _d._
    1872). _d._ 16 St. George’s place, Hyde park, London 12 Sep. 1879.

  BOYD, MOSSEM. Entered Bengal army 1795; lieut. col. commandant 65
    N.I. 13 May 1825; colonel of 5 N.I.; colonel of 53 N.I. to death;
    general 9 April 1856. _d._ 6 Dawson place Bayswater, London 8
    April 1865 aged 84.

  BOYD, PERCY. Great friend of Dickens and Thackeray; author of _A
    book of ballads from the German_ 1848. _d._ London 1 Jany. 1876.

  BOYD, ROBERT. M.R.C.S. 1830, M.D. Edin. 1831, L.R.C.P. 1836,
    F.R.C.P. 1852; resident phys. at Marylebone workhouse infirmary;
    phys. and superintendent of Somerset county lunatic asylum;
    proprietor and manager of Southall Park private asylum; pres. of
    Med. Psychol. Assoc. 1870; contributed 16 papers to the _Journal
    of Mental Science_ and papers to _Royal medical and chirurgical
    transactions, Edinburgh Medical Journal_ and the _Lancet_; lost
    his life in a fire which destroyed his asylum at Southall Park 14
    Aug. 1883. _Lancet ii_, 352–3 (1883); _Medical times and gazette
    ii_, 249–50 (1883).

  BOYD, WILLIAM. Called to Irish bar 1818; Q.C. 7 Feb. 1849; recorder
    of Londonderry to death. _d._ 1855.

  BOYD, WILLIAM (_3 son of Richard Keown of Downpatrick_). _b._ Dublin
    March 1816; sheriff of co. Down 1849; M.P. for Downpatrick 5 Aug.
    1867 to 26 Jany. 1874; assumed name of Boyd 1873. _d._ Carrowdore
    castle, co. Down 19 Jany. 1877.

  BOYES, JOHN FREDERICK (_son of Benjamin Boyes of Charterhouse sq.
    London_). _b._ 10 Feb. 1811; entered Merchant Taylors’ school Oct.
    1819; scholar of Linc. coll. Ox. 1828; Andrews’ civil law
    exhibitioner at St. John’s coll. 1829, B.A. 1833, M.A. 1835;
    second master of proprietary school Walthamstow, then head master;
    author of _Illustrations of tragedies of Æschylus and Sophocles
    from the Greek, Latin and English poets_ 1844; _English
    repetitions in prose and verse_ 1849; _Life and Books, a record of
    thought and reading_ 1859; _Lacon in council_ 1865. _d._ 10 St.
    James’s terrace, Harrow road, London 26 May 1879. _Preface and
    appendix to Sermon by Rev. J. G. Tanner_ 1879.

  BOYLE, ALEXANDER (_2 son of David Boyle lord chief justice of
    Scotland_). _b._ 9 March 1810; entered navy 4 Sep. 1823; commander
    of Thunderbolt steam sloop at Cape of Good Hope 27 Dec. 1845, lost
    his ship in Algoa Bay Feb. 1847 for which he was dismissed service
    4 May 1847 but restored Jany. 1849; captain 8 Aug. 1857; retired
    V.A. 2 Aug. 1879. _d._ 17 Prince’s Gardens London 8 June 1884.

  BOYLE, CAROLINE COURTENAY. _b._ 26 May 1803; maid of honour to Queen
    Adelaide many years; granted civil list pension of £100, 30 Oct.
    1850. _d._ 23 Jany. 1883.

  BOYLE, COURTENAY EDMUND WILLIAM. _b._ 3 Aug. 1800; entered navy 7
    Sep. 1816; captain 27 May 1830; groom of the chamber to Prince
    Albert 1840; retired captain 1 Oct. 1850; retired R.A. 27 Sep.
    1855. _d._ Rue Faubourg St. Honoré Paris 11 Feb. 1859.

  BOYLE, DAVID (_2 son of Patrick Boyle of Shewalton, Ayrshire who d.
    26 Feb. 1798._) _b._ Irvine, Ayrshire 26 July 1772; ed. at Univ.
    of Edin; member of Faculty of Advocates 14 Dec. 1793; solicitor
    general for Scotland 9 May 1807; M.P. for Ayrshire 5 June 1807 to
    Feb. 1811; a lord of Session and Justiciary 23 Feb. 1811; lord
    justice clerk 15 Oct. 1811; P.C. 11 April 1820; lord justice
    general of Scotland and lord president of Court of Session 9 Oct.
    1841 to May 1852; distinguished for his personal appearance, there
    are full-length portraits of him by Sir J. W. Gordon at Faculty of
    Advocates and at Society of Writers to the Signet Edinburgh. _d._
    Shewalton 30 Jany. or 6 Feb. 1853. _I.L.N. xxii_, 76, 134 (1853),

  BOYLE, JOHN (_2 son of Edmund Boyle 8 Earl of Cork 1767–1856_). _b._
    Wimpole st. London 13 March 1803; ed. at Winchester and Ch. Ch.
    Ox, B.A. 1824, M.A. 1827; M.P. for co. Cork 4 Dec. 1827 to 24 July
    1830, and for Cork city 11 Aug. 1830 to 3 Dec. 1832. _d._ Rock
    Wood, Torquay 6 Dec. 1874.

  BOYLE, ROBERT (_son of Mr. Boyle of Hamilton Lanarkshire, surgeon_).
    _b._ Hamilton 1821; started a bakery for manufacture of pure bread
    at Glasgow; lectured for missionary purposes in Scotland; invented
    a new description of detonating powder 1866 which was reported
    upon favourably by principal military authorities; invented an ink
    which is perfectly inerasable; invented the Self-Acting Air-pump
    ventilator which was awarded highest and only prize given to roof
    ventilators by judges at International Medical and Sanitary
    Exhibition 1881. _d._ 2 Sep. 1878. _Robert Boyle inventor and
    philanthropist a biographical sketch by L. Saunders_ 1885,

  BOYLE, ROBERT EDWARD (_brother of John Boyle 1803–74_). _b._ London
    March 1809; ensign 68 Foot 14 Nov. 1826; captain Coldstream guards
    10 Dec. 1847 to death; secretary to Order of St. Patrick 1837–53;
    groom in waiting to the Queen 1846–52 and 1853 to death; secretary
    to master general of the Ordnance Dec. 1853 to death; M.P. for
    Frome 30 July 1847 to death. _d._ Varna 3 Sep. 1854.

  BOYLE, ROBERT FREDERICK. _b._ 13 June 1841; ed. at Ball. coll. Ox.,
    B.A. 1864, M.A. 1866; fellow of All Souls’ coll.; barrister M.T.
    17 Nov. 1866; inspector of schools 16 May 1871. _d._ Florence 15
    May 1883.

  BOYLE, WILLIAM. _b._ 25 Jany. 1821; ensign 15 Foot 6 Dec. 1838;
    lieut. col. 89 Foot 13 Oct. 1858 to death; C.B. 20 May 1871. _d._
    10 Craven hill gardens, London 14 Feb. 1874.

  BOYLE, WILLIAM GEORGE. _b._ Dublin 12 Aug. 1830; 2 lieut. 21 Foot 9
    Feb. 1849; captain Coldstream guards 24 Nov. 1863 to 1867; lieut.
    col. 2 Somerset militia 23 March 1868 to 12 Sep. 1870; M.P. for
    Frome 23 July 1856 to 21 March 1857; F.C.S., F.G.S. _d._ San
    Francisco 22 April 1880.

  BOYLE, WILLIAM ROBERT AUGUSTUS. Barrister L.I. 24 Nov. 1835; author
    of _A practical treatise on the law of charities_ 1837;
    _Inspiration of book of Daniel_ 1863; _The tribute of Assyria to
    biblical history_ 1868; _Literature under the shade of Great
    Britain_ 1870, _2 ed._ 1870. _d._ 7 Church st. Kensington 20 May

  BOYNE, GUSTAVUS HAMILTON, 6 Viscount. _b._ 12 April 1777; succeeded
    29 Feb. 1816. _d._ 22 Belgrave sq. London 30 March 1855.

  BOYNE, GUSTAVUS HAMILTON-RUSSELL, 7 Viscount (_son of the
    preceding_). _b._ Downton hall near Ludlow 11 May 1797; assumed
    name of Russell by r.l. 1850; created Baron Brancepeth of
    Brancepeth, co. palatine of Durham 31 Aug. 1866. _d._ Brancepeth
    castle, co. Durham 29 Oct. 1872.

  BOYNTON, SIR HENRY, 9 Baronet. _b._ St. James’s st. Westminster 22
    March 1778; succeeded 17 Nov. 1832. _d._ Burton Agnes, Yorkshire
    29 Aug. 1854.

  BOYNTON, SIR HENRY, 10 Baronet. _b._ Nafferton hall, Yorkshire 2
    March 1811; succeeded 29 Aug. 1854. _d._ Burton Agnes 25 June

  BOYS, EDWARD (_son of John Boys of Betteshanger, Kent, agriculturist
    1749–1824_). _b._ 1785; entered navy 1796; a prisoner in France
    1803–9; superintendent of Deal dockyard 16 Sep. 1837 to 1841;
    retired captain 1 July 1851; author of _Narrative of a captivity
    and adventures in France and Flanders_ 1827, which is the source
    from which Captain Marryat in his novel _Peter Simple_ drew much
    of the account of his hero’s escape; _Remarks on the
    practicability and advantages of a Sandwich or Downs harbour_
    1831. _d._ 14 Blomfield terrace, Harrow road, London 6 June 1866
    in 82 year.

  BOYS, HENRY, _b._ 1806; composed a few glees and songs, best known
    being _Friar Tuck_ a glee for 3 voices 1842. _d._ Margate 1851.

  BOYS, REV. RICHARD (_brother of Edward Boys 1785–1866_). _b._ 1783;
    ed. at King’s school Canterbury and C.C. coll. Cam., B.A. 1807,
    M.A. 1818; chaplain at St. Helena 1811–29; P.C. of Platt, Kent
    1849–54; P.C. of Loose, Kent 1854 to death; author of _Elements of
    Christian knowledge_ 1838; _Primitive obliquities_ 1851. _d._
    Loose 13 Feb. 1866.

  BOYS, REV. THOMAS (_son of Thomas Boys of Sandwich, Kent, rear
    admiral R.N._) _b._ Sandwich 1792; ed. at Tonbridge gr. sch. and
    Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1813, M.A. 1817; attached to the military
    chest in the Peninsula under Wellington 1813; wounded in 3 places
    at battle of Toulouse 10 April 1814; teacher of Hebrew to Jews at
    Hackney college 1830–2; professor of Hebrew at Missionary college
    Islington 1836; Inc. of Holy Trinity, Hoxton 22 Feb. 1848 to
    death; translated the Bible into Portugese 1813, his version has
    been adopted both by Protestants and Roman Catholics; author of
    _Tactica Sacra_ 1824; _Plain exposition of the New Testament_
    1827. _d._ 23 Leighton road, Kentish town, London 2 Sep. 1880.

  BOYS, THOMAS SHOTTER. _b._ Pentonville, London 2 Jany. 1803;
    articled to George Cooke, engraver; a member of Institute of
    Painters in water colours; exhibited 2 pictures at Royal Academy
    and 14 at Suffolk st. gallery 1824–58; lithographed the works of
    David Roberts and Clarkson Stanfield 1837; published _Picturesque
    architecture in Paris_ 1839 which was much admired; _Original
    views of London as it is_ 1843; drew illustrations to Blackie’s
    _History of England_; etched some plates for Ruskin’s _Stones of
    Venice_. _d._ of paralysis at 30 Acacia road, Marylebone, London
    10 Oct. 1874.

  BRABAZON, LUKE (_elder son of Hugh Higgins of Brabazon park, co.
    Mayo who d. 26 April 1864 aged 63_). _b._ 23 March 1832; 2 Lieut.
    R.A 20 June 1849; second captain 23 Aug. 1855 to death; deputy
    assistant quartermaster general; changed his name to Brabazon
    1854; author of _Soldiers and their science_ 1860; went with
    admiral Hope to Tang-chow, China Aug. 1860, captured by Tartar
    general San-ko-lin-sin 18 Sep. 1860; executed by the Chinese on
    the bridge at Palikao 21 Sep. 1860. _Boulger’s History of China
    iii_, 499–521 (1884).

  BRACEBRIDGE, CHARLES HOLTE (_only son of Abraham Bracebridge of
    Atherstone hall, Atherstone, Warws. who d. 21 Aug. 1832_). _b._ 19
    March 1799; ed. at Merton coll. Ox.; went with Florence
    Nightingale to Constantinople Oct. 1854; author of _A letter on
    the affairs of Greece_ 1850; _Shakespeare no deerstealer, or a
    short account of Fulbroke park near Stratford-on-Avon_ 1862. _d._
    of heart disease at Atherstone hall 13 July 1872.

  BRACKENBURY, SIR EDWARD (_2 son of Richard Brackenbury of Aswardby,
    co. Lincoln_). _b._ 1785; ensign 61 Foot 1803, served in Peninsula
    1809–14; attached to Portuguese and Spanish army 1814–16; major 28
    Foot 1 Nov. 1827 to 31 Jany. 1828 when placed on h.p.; lieut. col.
    10 Jany. 1837; retired from the service 1847; K.T.S. 1824, K.S.F.;
    knighted at Windsor Castle 26 Aug. 1836. _d._ Skendleby hall near
    Spilsby, co. Lincoln 1 June 1864.

  BRACKENBURY, REV. JOSEPH. _b._ Langton, Lincolnshire 1788; a student
    at C.C. coll. Cam. 28 Oct. 1808, B.A. 1811, M.A. 1819; chaplain
    Madras establishment 1812–19; chaplain and secretary to Magdalen
    hospital Blackfriars road London 1828–56; R. of Quendon, Essex
    1862 to death; author of _Natale solum and other poetical pieces_
    1810. _d._ Quendon rectory 31 March 1864.

  BRACKENRIDGE, GEORGE WEARE (_eld. son of George Brackenridge of
    Brislington near Bristol, merchant_). _b._ Hanover county,
    Virginia 4 Jany. 1775; ed. at Dr. Estlin’s school Bristol,
    England; partner in a leading West India firm; lived at
    Brislington 1824 to death; formed a good collection of Coleoptera
    and organic remains; gave greater portion of building fund for
    Christchurch, Clevedon, also a permanent endowment for church
    which was consecrated 1839. _d._ Brislington 11 Feb. 1856.
    _Quarterly Journal of Geol. Soc. of London xiv_, 60–62 (1858).

  BRADBURY, HENRY (_eld. son of the succeeding_). A pupil at Imperial
    printing office Vienna 1850 where he learnt process of Nature
    printing which he claimed afterwards to have invented; founded a
    business in Fetter lane, London which he moved to Farringdon st.
    and carried on under name of Bradbury, Wilkinson and Co.; produced
    nature printed plates to Moore and Lindley’s _Ferns of Great
    Britain and Ireland_ 1855 and Johnstone’s _British sea weeds 4
    vols._ 1860–1; author of _Printing, it’s dawn, day, and destiny_
    1858; _Autotypography or art of nature printing_ 1860; _Specimens
    of bank note engraving_ 1860; committed suicide by drinking
    prussic acid in Cremorne gardens, London 1 Sep. 1860 aged 30.

  BRADBURY, WILLIAM. Printer at 76 Fleet st. London 1824; publisher
    with F. M. Evans in Whitefriars st. 1830; published _The Christmas
    carol_ 1843; _Punch_ 1843 to death, the _Daily News_ 1846 to
    death; joint proprietor with C. Dickens, J. Forster and W. H.
    Wills of _Household Words_ 1850–59; proprietor of _Gent. Mag._
    1866–70. _d._ 13 Upper Woburn place, London 11 April 1869 in 70
    year. _Reg. and mag. of biog. i_, 485 (1869); _C. Beavan’s Reports
    of cases in chancery xxvii_, 53–61 (1861).

    North Durham 21 Dec. 1832; fought a duel with Russell Bowlby at
    Offerton lane near Herrington, Durham 27 Sep. 1832 and another
    with Sir Hedworth Williamson, Bart. at the Hare and Hounds on the
    Sedgefield road same day. _d._ Windermere Bank, Bowness, Ambleside
    2 Sep. 1874 aged 71. _Sykes’s Local Records ii_, 397–8 (1833).

  BRADEN, REV. WILLIAM. _b._ Marylebone, London 22 Nov. 1840; ed. at
    Maida Hill gr. sch. and Cheshunt coll.; Congregational minister at
    St. Alban’s 1861 at Hillhouse chapel Huddersfield 1866 and at the
    King’s Weigh house chapel, London Jany. 1871 to death; edited the
    _English Independent_; author of _The beautiful gleaner, A Hebrew
    pastoral story_ 1872; _Our social relationships_ 1876. _d._
    Clapton, London 20 July 1878. _Sermons by the Rev. W. Braden,
    edited by Agnes Braden_ 1880; _J. Waddington’s Congregational
    history v_, 598–602 (1878).

  BRADFIELD, HENRY JOSEPH STEELE (_son of Thomas Bradfield of Derby
    st. Westminster, coal merchant_). _b._ Derby st. Westminster 18
    May 1805; left England in the schooner Unicorn as surgeon under
    Lord Cochrane 26 April 1826; sous lieutenant in Bataillon Etranger
    of Belgium 1 Sep. 1832; stipendiary magistrate in Tobago 31 Dec.
    1835, removed to Trinidad 13 May 1836, re-appointed to the
    Southern or Cedros district 13 April 1839; private sec. to
    Lieutenant Governor of Dominica 1841, colonial sec. in Barbados
    1842; author of _Waterloo or the British minstrel a poem_ 1825;
    _The Athenaid or modern Grecians a poem_ 1830; _Tales of the
    Cyclades and other poems_ 1830; committed suicide by drinking a
    bottle of prussic acid in coffee room of St. Albans hotel, 12
    Charles st. St. James’s sq. London 11 Oct. 1852. _G.M. xxxix_, 102
    (1853); _Morning Post 13 Oct. 1852 p._ 4 _and 15 Oct. p._ 6.

    23 Oct. 1789; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., M.A. 1810; succeeded 7 Sep.
    1825. _d._ Weston park Shiffnal, Salop 22 March 1865.

  BRADFORD, SIR THOMAS (_son of Thomas Bradford of Ashdown park,
    Sussex_). _b._ 1 Dec. 1777; ensign of an Independent company 20
    Oct. 1793; commanded a brigade of Portuguese army 1810–13, and a
    division 1813–14; lieut. col. of 34 Foot 18 May 1809, and of 82
    Foot 21 Dec. 1809 to 1815; commanded seventh division of the army
    of occupation in France 1815–17; commanded the troops in Scotland
    1819–25; colonel of 94 Foot 1 Dec. 1823, of 30 Foot 16 April 1829
    and of 4 Foot 7 Feb. 1846 to death; commander in chief in Bombay
    20 July 1825 to 17 May 1829, assumed command 3 May 1826; general
    23 Nov. 1841; K.C.B. 5 Jany. 1815; G.C.B. 15 Feb. 1838; G.C.H.
    1831. _d._ 13 Eaton sq. London 28 Nov. 1853. _United Service Mag._
    1854 _part_ 1 _p._ 157.

  BRADFORD, REV. WILLIAM. R. of Storrington, Sussex 1811 to death;
    chaplain in ordinary to the Sovereign 1821 to death. _d._
    Storrington rectory 13 June 1857 aged 77.

  BRADLEY, REV. CHARLES (_elder son of Thomas Bradley of
    Wallingford_). _b._ Halstead, Essex Feb. 1789; took pupils
    1810–25; a member of St. Edmund hall Ox.; C. of High Wycombe,
    Bucks. 1812–25; V. of Glasbury, Brecknockshire 1825 to death; P.C.
    of St. James’s Clapham, London 1829–53; very eminent as a
    preacher; author of _Sermons_ 1818, _11 ed._ 1854; _Sermons_ 1825,
    _9 ed._ 1854; _Practical sermons 2 vols._ 1836–8; _Sacramental
    sermons_ 1842; _Sermons on the Christian life_ 1853. _d._
    Cheltenham 16 Aug. 1871 aged 82. _A selection from the sermons of
    Rev. C. Bradley, edited by Rev. G. J. Davies_ 1884; _Guardian 22
    March 1882_, 421–2.

  BRADLEY, GEORGE. _b._ Whitby, Yorkshire 1816; a reporter on _York
    Herald_; editor of _Sunderland and Durham County Herald_; editor
    and one of proprietors of _Newcastle Guardian_ about 1848 to
    death; author of _A concise and practical system of short-hand
    writing_ 1843. _d._ Newcastle 14 Oct. 1863.

  BRADLEY, REV. RICHARD BEADON. _b._ Minehead, Somerset 1803; P.C. of
    Ash Priors near Taunton 1834 to death; P.C. of Cothelstone,
    Somerset 1835 to death; author of _The portion of Jezreel, a
    sacred drama_ 1843; _Pauperism. Whence does it arise? how may it
    be remedied_ 1846; _The expected budget, or how to save more than
    twelve millions a year_ 1850. _d._ Teignmouth 22 March 1851 aged

  BRADLEY, ROBERT GREENE (_only son of Robert Bradley of Slyne near
    Lancaster who d. 1825_). _b._ 14 April 1788; barrister G.I. 22
    June 1814, bencher 26 April 1837, treasurer 30 Aug. 1839; comr. of
    bankrupts for Lancaster. _d._ of paralysis at Slyne 16 Oct. 1869.

  BRADLEY, SAMUEL MESSENGER. _b._ 2 June 1841; ed. at Manchester
    school of medicine, M.R.C.S. 1862, F.R.C.S. 1869; demonstrator of
    anatomy at Manchester school of medicine 1865, and lecturer on
    anatomy 1866; professor of physiology at Stonyhurst college
    several years; assistant surgeon to Manchester Royal infirmary
    1873 and surgeon 1876 to death; lecturer on practical surgery at
    Owens college school of medicine 1876 to death; author of _Manual
    of comparative anatomy and physiology_ 1869, _3 ed._ 1875; _Notes
    on Syphilis_ 1872; _Injuries and diseases of the lymphatic system_
    1879. _d._ Ramsgate 27 May 1880. _Medical times and gazette i_,
    625–6 (1880).

  BRADLEY, WILLIAM. _b._ Manchester 16 Jany. 1801; a painter and
    teacher of drawing at Manchester 1817; a portrait painter in
    London 1822–47; exhibited 13 portraits at Royal Academy, 21 at
    Free Society of artists, and 8 at British Institution 1823–46.
    _d._ Manchester 4 July 1857.

  BRADSHAW, GEORGE (_only son of Thomas Bradshaw of Windsor Bridge,
    Pendleton, Salford_). _b._ Windsor Bridge 29 July 1801; an
    engraver and printer at Belfast 1820–21, and at Manchester 1821;
    projected engraved and published maps of the English counties
    1827; published _Bradshaw’s Railway map_ 1838; _Railway time
    tables_ 1839; _Monthly railway guide_ Dec. 1841 _to death_;
    _Continental railway guide_ June 1847 _to death_; _General railway
    directory_ 1849–53; attempted to establish an ocean penny postage;
    A.I.C.E. Feb. 1842. _d._ of Asiatic cholera near Christiania,
    Norway 6 Sep. 1853. _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xiii_, 145–9
    (1854); _Manchester Guardian 17 Sep. 1853, p._ 7.

  BRADSHAW, HENRY (_son of J. H. Bradshaw of London_). _b._ London 2
    Feb. 1831; ed. at East Sheen and Eton; scholar of King’s coll.
    Cam. 1847, fellow 1854 to death, B.A. 1854, M.A. 1857; assistant
    master at St. Columba’s college near Dublin for a year; principal
    library assistant in Cambridge Univ. library March 1857 to Dec.
    1858, superintendent of the manuscripts 1859–67, librarian 8 March
    1867 to death; pres. of Library Association at the Cambridge
    meeting 5–8 Sep. 1882; F.S.A. 26 March 1860; author of 17 papers
    in _Antiquarian Communications_ of Cambridge Antiquarian Society,
    and of a series of pamphlets which he called _Memoranda_, most
    important being _The University library_ 1881; found dead in his
    rooms at King’s coll. Cam. 11 Feb. 1886, having died about 11
    p._m._ 10 Feb. _The library chronicle iii_, 25–36 (1886);
    _Book-lore April 1886, pp._ 141–5.

  BRADSHAW, JAMES HILL (_eld. son of J. F. Bradshaw, manager of Quebec
    branch of Bank of Upper Canada_). _b._ Hillsborough, co. Down 21
    Aug. 1834; ed. at Quebec; ensign 52 Foot 29 Feb. 1856, lieutenant
    11 July 1856 to death; shot through the heart at Delhi 14 Sep.
    1857. _H. J. Morgan’s Sketches of celebrated Canadians_ (1862)

  BRADSHAW, JOSEPH. Ensign 37 Foot 12 May 1825; lieut. col. 60 Rifles
    9 May 1845 to death; C.B. 9 June 1849. _d._ Kussowlie, North
    Western provinces of India 18 Oct. 1851.

  BRADSHAW, LAWRENCE. Ensign 46 Foot 25 Sep. 1780; lieut. col. 13 Foot
    1 Sep. 1795 to 2 Feb. 1803; major 1 Life Guards 2 Feb. 1803 to 1
    March 1812 when he sold out; a comr. of military inquiry 1806–12;
    M.G. 25 July 1810, retired 1826. _d._ Harley st. London 10 Jany.
    1853 aged 84.

  BRADSHAW, THOMAS JOSEPH CAVENDISH (_eld. son of Joseph Hoare
    Bradshaw of London, banker who d. 24 May 1845 aged 61_). _b._ 17
    Oct. 1824; ed. at Eton and Ch. Ch. Ox.; barrister L.I. 17 Nov.
    1853; secretary to Royal commission on judicature 1867–71; judge
    of county courts of Northumberland (Circuit No. 1) 27 Oct. 1871 to
    death. _d._ in a room adjoining town hall, Newcastle 17 Dec. 1884.

  BRADSTREET, SIR SIMON, 4 Baronet. _b._ Upper Leeson st. Dublin 25
    Nov. 1772; succeeded March 1791; a member of Repeal association
    many years. _d._ Clontarf near Dublin 25 Oct. 1853.

  BRADWELL, EDMUND (_son of Wm. Bradwell of Covent Garden theatre
    London, mechanician who d. 4 Aug. 1849_). Theatrical decorator and
    mechanician in London; introduced some extraordinary mechanical
    changes into Tom Dibdin’s pantomime of _Guy, Earl of Warwick_ at
    Victoria theatre Dec. 1833; mechanician at Olympic, Lyceum, Her
    Majesty’s and other theatres. _d._ 11 Magdala terrace, Lordship
    lane Dulwich 25 July 1871 aged 72. _Era 30 July 1871, p._ 11,
    _col._ 4.

  BRADY, SIR ANTONIO (_eld. son of Anthony Brady, storekeeper at Royal
    William victualling yard, Plymouth_). _b._ Deptford 10 Nov. 1811;
    junior clerk in Royal Victoria victualling yard Deptford 29 Nov.
    1828; clerk in accountant general’s office London 26 June 1844;
    registrar of contracts 1864; superintendent of purchase and
    contract department 13 April 1869 to 31 March 1870 when he retired
    on a special pension; knighted at Windsor Castle 23 June 1870;
    promoted the Plaistow mission and East London museum; pres. of
    Inventors’ Institute; a judge in Verderer’s Court for forest of
    Epping; made a collection of fossil Mammalia which is now in
    Natural history museum Kensington; author of _The Church’s work
    and its hindrances with suggestions for church reform_ 1869;
    _Catalogue of Pleistocene Mammalia from Ilford, Essex_ 1874. _d._
    Maryland point, Forest lane, Stratford Essex 12 Dec. 1881.
    _Geological Mag. 1882, p._ 93.

  BRADY, ELIZABETH (_2 dau. of Jacob Hutchinson of Islington,
    London_). _b._ Islington 1803; ed. at Islington school where she
    was successively apprentice, teacher, and governess, head mistress
    there 1838–42; superintendent of the York Girls’ school 1842–46;
    conducted a school for daughters of Friends at Edgbaston
    Birmingham 1848–69. (_m._ 1828 Edward Foster Brady head master of
    Islington school who _d._ 1838). _d._ Edgbaston 22 May 1874. _The
    Annual Monitor for 1876, pp._ 20–25.

  BRADY, SIR FRANCIS (_son of James Brady of Navan, Meath_). _b._
    1809; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub., B.A. 1835; called to Irish bar
    1836; chief justice of Newfoundland and judge of vice admiralty
    court 15 Oct. 1847 to 1865; knighted by patent 24 May 1860. (_m._
    1839 Kate dau. of David Lynch of Dublin, she _d._ 16 Jany. 1880).
    _d._ 59 Burlington road, Bayswater London 29 Dec. 1871.

  BRADY, SIR MAZIERE, 1 Baronet (_2 son of Francis Tempest Brady of
    Dublin, gold and silver thread manufacturer 1763–1821_). _b._
    Dublin 20 July 1796; ed. at Trin. coll. Dub. 1812–16, scholar
    1814, B.A. 1816; called to Irish bar 1819; barrister I.T. 1835;
    solicitor general for Ireland 1837; attorney general 1839; P.C.
    Ireland 1839; chief baron of Court of Exchequer 11 Aug. 1840 to
    1846; lord chancellor of Ireland 1846 to Feb. 1852, Jany. 1853 to
    1858 and 1859 to 28 June 1866; vice chancellor of Queen’s Univ.
    Ireland 1850 to death. _d._ 26 Upper Pembroke st. Dublin 13 April
    1871. _O. J. Burke’s Lord chancellors of Ireland_ (1879) 270–7.

  BRAE, ANDREW EDMUND. Practised as dentist at Leeds to 1872; lived in
    Guernsey 1872 to death; author of _Literary cookery with reference
    to matter attributed to Coleridge and Shakespeare_ 1855;
    _Electrical communication in railway trains_ 1865; _The treatise
    on the Astrolabe of G. Chaucer, edited by A. E. B._ 1870; wrote
    many papers on Shakespeare and Chaucer in first series of _Notes
    and Queries_ under signature of A. E. B. _d._ London 10 Dec. 1881.
    _bur._ Mont Durand, Guernsey. _Notes and Queries, 6 series vi_,
    323 (1882).

  BRAGGE, WILLIAM (_3 son of Thomas Perry Bragge of Birmingham,
    manufacturing jeweller_). _b._ Birmingham 31 May 1823; a civil
    engineer; constructed the first railway line in Brazil namely from
    Rio Janeiro to Petropolis; knighted and made a chevalier by
    Emperor of Brazil; partner with John Brown in Atlas Steel works,
    Sheffield 1858–64 when works were sold to a limited company and he
    received sum of £50,000, managing director of the company 1864–72;
    established works at Birmingham for manufacture of watches by
    machinery 1876 which became English Watch company in 1882;
    M.I.M.E. 1854, F.S.A. 1870; sold his collection of illuminated
    manuscripts for £12,272, June 1878, and his collection of 13000
    pipes and smoking apparatus for £4,000 Feb. 1882; author of
    _Bibliotheca Nicotiana, a catalogue of books about tobacco_ 1880.
    _d._ 59 Hall road, Handsworth, Birmingham 6 June 1884.

  BRAHAM, CHARLES BAMPFYLDE (_son of the succeeding_). _b._ 20 Dec.
    1823; made his first appearance on stage at Princess’s theatre
    London 26 Oct. 1848 as Adelmar in Leoline; sang in Italy and
    Portugal with great success. _d._ 103 Ebury st. Pimlico, London 11
    June 1884.

  BRAHAM, JOHN (_son of John Abraham of Goodman’s Fields, London, a
    German Jew_). _b._ Goodman’s Fields 20 June 1773; pupil of Myer
    Lyon otherwise Leoni; made his début at Bagnigge Wells assembly
    rooms; changed his name to Braham 1787; sang at Bath 1794–6, Drury
    Lane 1796, in Paris 1797 and Italy 1798–1801,at Covent Garden
    1801–5 and Drury Lane 1805–24; sang in Italian opera at King’s
    theatre London 1804–6 and 1816; made £14,000 per annum 1801–24;
    built St. James’s theatre London in 14 weeks at cost of £36,000
    Sep.-Dec. 1835, managed it 1835–9; sang in New York Nov. 1840;
    composed music to _The Cabinet_ 1801; _Family Quarrells_ 1802 and
    10 other dramas. _d._ The Grange, Brompton, London 17 Feb. 1856.
    _Oxberry’s Dramatic Biography iii_, 145–59 (1825), _portrait_;
    _Metropolitan Mag. xviii_, 130–42 (1837); _Stirling’s Old Drury
    Lane ii_, 91–5 (1881); _I.L.N. xx_, 245–6 (1852), _portrait_; P.
    _Fitzgerald’s Life of C. Lamb iii_, 226, _vi_, 145.

  BRAID, GEORGE ROSS. _b._ May 1813; made his first appearance in
    London at Adelphi theatre 29 Sep. 1843; acted at Haymarket theatre
    many years. _d._ Holly house, Kennington road London 18 Feb. 1878.

  BRAID, JAMES (_son of Mr. Braid of Rylaw, Fifeshire_). _b._ Rylaw
    about 1795; ed. at Univ. of Edin.; M.R.C.S. Edin.; surgeon at
    Manchester; investigated subject of mesmerism 1841; author of
    _Neurypnology or the rationale of nervous sleep_ 1843; _The power
    of the mind over the body_ 1846; _Magic, witchcraft, animal
    magnetism, hypnotism and electro-biology 3 ed._ 1852. _d._ 25
    March 1860. _Med. Times and Gaz. i_, 355, 386 (1860); _Manchester
    Courier 31 March 1860_.

  BRAIDWOOD, JAMES (_son of Mr. Braidwood of Edinburgh, builder_).
    _b._ Edinburgh 1800; ed. at the High sch.; engaged in his father’s
    business; superintendent of Edinburgh fire engines 1823; published
    his work “_On the construction of Fire Engines and Apparatus, the
    training of firemen and the method of proceeding in cases of
    Fire_” 1830; superintendent of London Fire Engine establishment
    formed by 8 of the Insurance companies 1 Jany. 1833; A.I.C.E.
    1833; read many papers on subject of fires at Institute of Civil
    Engineers and Society of Arts; killed in great fire at Cotton’s
    wharf, Tooley st. London 22 June 1861 which continued burning for
    a month and destroyed property of the value of £2,000,000. _J.
    Braidwood’s Fire prevention with memoir of the author_ (1866),
    _portrait_; _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xxi_, 571–8 (1862).

  BRAITHWAITE, REV. GEORGE. _b._ Kendal 15 April 1818; ed. at Sedbergh
    sch. and Queen’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1840, M.A. 1843; C. of Perry
    Barr, Staffs. 1847–51; V. of St. Peter the Great, Chichester
    1851–68; sub-dean of Chichester cathedral 1853–68; author of
    _Sonnets and other poems_ 1851, _2 ed._ 1875. _d._ Beechfield,
    Carnforth, Lancashire 2 April 1875. _Sonnets by the late Rev. G.
    Braithwaite_, _2 ed._ 1875 _preface_.

  BRAITHWAITE, JOHN (_3 son of John Braithwaite of London, engineer
    who d. June 1818_). _b._ 1 Bath place, New road London 19 March
    1797; engineer in London 1818–44; ventilated House of Lords by
    means of air pumps 1820; constructed the first practical steam
    fire engine; engineer of Eastern Counties railway 1836–43; joint
    founder with J. C. Robertson of the _Railway Times_ 1837, sole
    proprietor 1837–45 when his affairs were wound up; surveyed lines
    in France 1844–46; F.S.A. 1819, M.I.C.E. 1838; author of
    _Supplement to Capt. Sir John Ross’s Narrative of a second voyage
    in search of a North-West passage_ 1835. _d._ 8 Clifton gardens,
    Paddington London 25 Sep. 1870. _Mechanic’s Mag. xiii_, 235–7,
    377–88, 417–9 (1830), _portrait_; _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of
    C.E. xxxi_, 207–11 (1871).

  BRAME, BENJAMIN. Attorney at Ipswich 1798 to death; bailiff of
    Ipswich 1820 and 1822; the first mayor of Ipswich 1835. _d._ 21
    July 1851 aged 78. _G.M. xxxvi_, 332 (1851).

  BRAMSTON, THOMAS WILLIAM (_elder son of Thomas Gardiner Bramston of
    Skreens, Essex 1770–1831, M.P. for Essex_). _b._ 30 Oct. 1796; ed.
    at Winchester and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1819, M.A. 1823; fellow of All
    Souls’ college; M.P. for South Essex 19 Jany. 1835 to 6 July 1865.
    _d._ 30 Eccleston sq. London 21 May 1871.

  BRAMWELL, JOHN (_son of Rev. Wm. Bramwell, Wesleyan minister who d.
    1818_). _b._ 24 April 1794; attorney at Durham 1815; alderman of
    Durham 1835–52; mayor 1840, 41, 45, 52 and 1853; undersheriff of
    co. Durham 1840; recorder of Durham and steward of Court Leet and
    Court Baron of city of Durham March 1860 to death. _d._ Framwell
    gate, Durham 25 Nov. 1882.

  BRANCKER, SIR THOMAS (_eld. child of Peter Whitfield Brancker of
    Liverpool 1750–1836_). _b._ Liverpool 17 Sep. 1783; sugar refiner
    at Liverpool; mayor of Liverpool 1830; knighted at St. James’s
    palace, London 13 Sep. 1831. _d._ Mount Pleasant, Liverpool 13
    Feb. 1853.

  BRANCKER, WILLIAM GODEFROY (_son of W. Brancker of Erbstock hall,
    Ruabon_). _b._ 27 March 1834; ed. at Em. coll. Cam.; lieut. R.A. 6
    March 1856; lieut. col. 4 Oct. 1882 to death; instructor in
    artillery at Woolwich 1872–80; C.B. 18 Nov. 1882. _d._ Ipswich 22
    May 1885.

  BRAND, SIR CHRISTOFFEL JOSEPH (_son of Johannes Henricus Brand,
    member of Court of Justice in Cape Colony_). _b._ 1797; ed. at
    Leyden, doctor in philosophy and law 1820; admitted advocate in
    Court of Justice, Cape of Good Hope 1821; member of legislative
    council 1850; speaker of house of assembly 1854 to death; knighted
    by patent 24 May 1860. _d._ 20 May 1875.

  BRAND, FERDINAND. Comptroller of Bridge house estates, City of
    London 1839 to Dec. 1878, and of the Chamber, City of London 1854
    to Dec. 1878. _d._ Craigmillar, Avenue road, Crouch End 1 Nov.
    1880 in 80 year.

  BRAND, GEORGE. _b._ Arbuthnott, Aberdeenshire 1816; ed. at King’s
    coll. Aberdeen, B.A., M.A.; vice consul at Loanda 27 Dec. 1844 to
    31 July 1856; author of various Reports including a very able one
    on the Decree of the Portuguese government for registration and
    emancipation of slaves in the Colonial possessions of Portugal;
    consul at Lagos, West Africa 10 June 1859 to death. _d._ on board
    H.M.’s steamer Alecto 16 June 1860.

  BRAND, JOHN. _b._ Armenia; lived some time there; compiled a
    dictionary of the Armenian language, shutting himself up in a
    convent for that purpose; had an estate at Sutton near Ipswich; a
    successful batsman for about 15 seasons in great cricket matches,
    played his first match at Lords 31 May 1815; one of the very best
    amateur boxers and chess-players. _d._ in a private lunatic asylum
    at Ticehurst, Sussex April 1856 aged 66.

  BRAND, WILLIAM ALLAN. Editor of the _Montrose Review_. _d._
    Inchbridge near Montrose 7 Feb. 1869 aged 31.

  BRAND, WILLIAM. _b._ Blackhouse parish of Peterhead 1807; a writer
    to the signet 1834; partner in firm of Scott and Balderston of
    Edinburgh; secretary to Union Bank of Scotland, Edin. 1846 to
    death; a founder of Botanical Society of Edin. 8 Feb. 1836,
    treasurer 17 March 1836, contributed many papers, enriched its
    herbarium with many thousand specimens of plants; discovered
    several rare and new plants in Scotland. _d._ Edinburgh 15 Oct.
    1869. _Trans. of Botanical Soc. of Edin. x_, 284–8 (1870).

  BRANDARD, ROBERT. _b._ Birmingham 1805; landscape engraver in London
    1826 to death; engraved plates for Turner’s _England_ and _Rivers
    of England_ and other books, also for the _Art Journal_; produced
    some etchings from his own designs, one series of which was
    published by the Art Union 1864; painted both in oils and
    water-colours; exhibited 3 pictures at R.A., 21 at British
    Institution and 32 at Suffolk st. gallery 1831–58. _d._ Campden
    hill, Kensington, London 7 Jany. 1862.

  BRANDE, EVERARD AUGUSTUS (_eld. son of Augustus Everard Brande of
    Arlington st. London, apothecary to George iii._) _b._ Arlington
    st. 1776; ed. at Westminster sch.; studied at St. George’s
    hospital 1795; apothecary to George iii and Queen Charlotte 1801;
    apothecary to William iv and Queen Adelaide 1830–33 when he
    retired from practice; a member of first Court of Examiners of
    Society of Apothecaries 1815; presented to College of Phys.
    valuable collection of Materia Medica made by Dr. Burgess. _d._
    Sulhamstead house, Turnham-Green, London 11 Dec. 1868. _Reg. and
    mag. of biog. i_, 312 (1869).

  BRANDE, GEORGE WILLIAM (_brother of the preceding_). Chief clerk of
    the Treasury many years. _d._ Exeter 18 June 1854 aged 69.

  BRANDE, WILLIAM THOMAS (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ Arlington
    st. 11 Jany. or Feb. 1788; ed. at Westminster; began lecturing on
    chemistry 1808; F.R.S. 13 April 1809, Copley medallist 1813, one
    of secretaries 1816–26; professor of chemistry to Apothecaries
    company 4 Nov. 1812 and professor of materia medica 1813, master
    of the Company 1851; professor of chemistry at Royal Institution
    May 1813 to 1854; superintendent of die department of Mint 1825
    and of coining department 1854; edited with M. Faraday _Quarterly
    journal of science and arts_ 1816–36; author of _Outlines of
    geology_ 1817, _2 ed._ 1829; _A manual of chemistry_ 1819, _6 ed.
    2 vols._ 1848; _A manual of pharmacy_ 1825, _3 ed._ 1833; edited
    _A dictionary of science literature and art_ 1842, _3 ed._ 1853.
    _d._ Tunbridge Wells 11 Feb. 1866. _Proc. of Royal Society xvi_,
    2–6 (1868); _S. Muspratt’s Chemistry vol. 1_ (1853), _portrait_.

  BRANDLING, JOHN JAMES. Second lieut. R.A. 19 March 1839; lieut. col.
    8 March 1860 to death; C.B. 5 July 1855. _d._ Woodsley house,
    Leeds 16 April 1860 aged 39.

  BRANDON, JOHN RAPHAEL. _b._ 1817; articled to W. Parkinson,
    architect 1836; practised at Beaufort buildings, Strand, London
    with his brother Joshua Arthur Brandon 1841–7 when the latter
    died; joint architect with Robert Ritchie of Catholic Apostolic
    church, Gordon sq. London, opened 1 Jany. 1854; architect of St.
    Peter’s church, Great Windmill st. Piccadilly 1861; one of the 11
    architects who competed for Royal Courts of Justice, London 1867;
    author with his brother of _Analysis of Gothick architecture 2
    vols._ 1847; _Views of English ecclesiastical structures_ 1848,
    _new ed. 2 vols._ 1858; _Open timber roofs of the middle ages_
    1849; _Railways and the Public_ 1868, _8 ed._ 1871; shot himself
    at his chambers 17 Clement’s Inn, Strand, London 8 Oct. 1877.

  BRANDRETH, THOMAS ALSTON. Second lieut. R.A. 19 July 1797; colonel
    23 Nov. 1841 to death; served in the Peninsula 1812–14; C.B. 26
    Sep. 1831. _d._ Chudleigh, Devon 24 Sep. 1851 aged 72.

  BRANDRETH, THOMAS SHAW (_2 son of Joseph Brandreth M.D. of
    Liverpool, physician 1746–1815_). _b._ 24 July 1788; ed. at Eton
    and Trin. coll. Cam., 2 wrangler, 2 Smith’s prizeman and
    chancellor’s medallist 1810, B.A. 1810, M.A. 1813; fellow of his
    college 1811; barrister I.T. 5 June 1818; revising barrister for
    Liverpool, Bolton and other towns in Lancashire many years;
    invented a logometer or ten-foot gunter, a friction wheel, and a
    double-check clock escapement, all of which he patented; invented
    a machine in which the weight of a horse was utilised on a moving
    platform, this invention was used where steam power proved too
    expensive as in Lombardy and in some parts of the United States
    where it is still employed; F.R.S. 8 March 1821; author of
    _Homer’s Iliad with notes 2 vols._ 1841 in which the Digamma was
    restored throughout for sake of the metre; _A dissertation on the
    metre of Homer_ 1844; _Homer’s Iliad_, _translated 2 vols._ 1846.
    _d._ The Steyne, Worthing 27 May 1873.

  BRANDT, FRANCIS FREDERICK (_eld. son of Rev. Francis Brandt R. of
    Gawsworth Cheshire who d. 1870_). _b._ Gawsworth rectory 1819; ed.
    at Macclesfield gr. sch.; practised as special pleader; barrister
    I.T. 30 April 1847; leader of Chester and Knutsford sessions;
    reported for the _Times_ in Court of Common Pleas; contributed to
    _Bells Life in London_; author of _Habet, a short treatise on the
    law of the land as it effects pugilism_ 1857; _Fur and feathers_
    1859; _Frank Marland’s Manuscripts_ 1859; _Games, gaming and
    gamester’s law_ 1871, _2 ed._ 1873. _d._ 8 Fig tree court, Temple
    London 6 Dec. 1874.

  BRANDT, ROBERT. Barrister L.I. 1 June 1821; went northern circuit;
    commissioner in Bankruptcy for Manchester; judge of Bury Court of
    Requests; judge of Manchester county court March 1847 to death.
    _d._ Pendleton near Manchester 15 April 1862. _Law Times xxxvii_,
    321 (1862).

  BRANKS, REV. WILLIAM. Minister of parish of Torpichen; published
    anonymously _Heaven our Home_ 1861, _new ed._ 1864, sale of which
    reached considerably over 100,000 copies; _Zion’s King_ 1859;
    preserved anonymous character of his works to the last. _d._
    Torpichen 18 Feb. 1879.

  BRANSON, WILLIAM SCHOLES. Member of company of T.R. Liverpool 1847
    or before; manager of Adelphi theatre Liverpool; author of many
    plays. _d._ Fairfield, Liverpool Jany. 1884 aged 74.

  BRANT, JAMES. Vice consul at Trebizond 31 March 1830; consul at
    Erzeroom 27 April 1836 and at Damascus Sep. 1856 to 2 Nov. 1860
    when he retired on a pension; C.B. 31 Oct. 1860. _d._
    Cliftonville, Brighton 24 Nov. 1861.

  BRANT, REV. WILLIAM HOLT. Consular chaplain at St. Michael’s in the
    Azores 11 Nov. 1834 to 25 April 1865. _d._ Lisbon 20 April 1867
    aged 90.

  BRANWHITE, CHARLES (_son of Nathan Branwhite of Bristol, miniature
    painter_). _b._ Bristol 1817; landscape painter especially of
    frost scenes; exhibited 9 pictures at R.A., 25 at British
    Institution and 2 at Suffolk st. gallery 1845–57. _d._ Bramford
    house, Westfield park, Redland, Bristol 15 Feb. 1880. _I.L.N.
    lxxvi_, 285 (1880), _portrait_.

  BRASIER, JAMES. Entered navy 3 Dec. 1799; captain 10 Jany. 1837;
    V.A. on h.p. 14 Nov. 1863. _d._ Bradney near Bridgnorth 28 July
    1864 aged 80.

  BRASSEY, THOMAS (_son of John Brassey of Buerton, Aldford, Cheshire,
    farmer_). _b._ Buerton 7 Nov. 1805; land surveyor at Birkenhead
    1826; railway contractor in London 1836; made line from Paris to
    Rouen 1841–3 and from Rouen to Havre 1843–5; contractor for Great
    Northern railway 1847–51, railways in Italy 1850–3, Grand Trunk
    railway of Canada 1852–9 and railways in Australia 1859–63;
    established with E. T. Betts and M. Peto Canada works at
    Birkenhead 1853. _d._ Hastings 8 Dec. 1870. _Life by Arthur Helps_
    1872, _portrait_; _J. Devey’s Life of Joseph Locke_ (1862) 145–54;
    _Work and wages practically illustrated_, _by T. Brassey, M.P.

      NOTE.—He laid out £78,000,000 of other people’s money and upon
      that outlay retained £2,500,000 being as nearly as possible
      three per cent.; he had in his employ at one time upwards of
      30,000 men on railways in Europe; his will was proved in
      London 7 Feb. 1871, personalty being sworn under £3,200,000.

  BRAVO, CHARLES DELAUNEY TURNER (_only son of Charles Turner of the
    Isle of Jersey_). _b._ 39 Upper Charlotte st. Tottenham Court
    road, London 30 Nov. 1845; ed. at King’s coll. London and Trin.
    coll. Ox., admitted gentleman commoner 16 Jany. 1864, B.A. 1866,
    M.A. 1868; barrister M.T. 30 April 1870, went Home circuit;
    changed his name to Bravo 1868 or 1869. (_m._ 7 Dec. 1875 Florence
    eld. dau. of Robert Campbell of Buscot park near Reading, she was
    _b._ 5 Sep. 1845, _m._ (1) 21 Sep. 1864 Alexander Lewis Ricardo,
    Ensign Grenadier Guards (who _d._ 19 April 1871), she _d._ at
    Lumps villa Southsea 17 Sep. 1878 and was _bur._ at Farringdon,
    Berkshire 21 Sep.) C. D. T. Bravo _d._ suddenly and mysteriously
    from taking tartar emetic at The Priory Bedford hill road, Balham
    Surrey 21 April 1876. _bur._ Lower Norwood cemetery 1 May. _The
    Balham mystery or the Bravo poisoning case 7 numbers 56 pages_
    (1876), _portraits_.

      NOTE.—There was a coroner’s inquest held at which no
      conclusion was arrived at as to how the poison was
      administered, a renewed inquest was opened by the Coroner for
      East Surrey 11 July 1876 which lasted till 11 Aug. when the
      coroner’s jury returned the following verdict, “We find that
      the deceased did not commit suicide, but that he was wilfully
      murdered by the administration of tartar emetic, but there is
      not sufficient evidence to fix the guilt upon any person or
      persons.” In consequence of this decision the Government
      offered a reward of £250 for information leading to the
      conviction of the murderer, but nothing more was ever found

  BRAY, ANNA ELIZA (_only dau. of John Kemp of the Mint, London,
    bullion porter 1748–1823_). _b._ St. Mary Newington, Surrey 25
    Dec. 1790; author of _Traditions, legends, superstitions and
    sketches of Devonshire, the Tamar and the Tavy 3 vols._ 1838;
    _Trelawnie of Trelawne or the prophecy 3 vols., 2 ed._ 1845;
    _Henry de Pomeroy or the eve of St. John 3 vols._ 1842, _new ed._
    1846; _Handel, his life personal and professional_ 1857; _Joan of
    Arc_ 1874. (_m._ (1) Feb. 1818 Charles Alfred Stothard, historical
    draughtsman who _d._ 28 May 1821, _m._ (2) 1822 Rev. Edward Atkyns
    Bray, V. of Tavistock who _d._ 1857). She _d._ 40 Brompton
    Crescent, London 21 Jany. 1883. _Mrs. Bray’s Autobiography_ 1844,
    _portrait_; _Library Chronicle i_, 126–9 (1884); _I.L.N. lxxxii_,
    197 (1883), _portrait_.

  BRAY, CHARLES (_son of Mr. Bray of Coventry, ribbon manufacturer who
    d. 1835_). _b._ Coventry 31 Jany. 1811; ribbon manufacturer at
    Coventry 1835–56; helped to establish Coventry Labourers’ and
    Artisans’ Society 1843 which developed into a co-operative society
    of which he was president; started a working man’s club 1845;
    purchased _The Coventry Herald and Observer_ 1846 which he sold to
    J. M. Scott 1874; author of _Education of the feelings_ 1838, _4
    ed._ 1872; _Philosophy of necessity 2 vols._ 1841, _2 ed._ 1863;
    _Outlines of social systems and communities_ 1844; _A manual of
    anthropology_ 1871, _2 ed._ 1883; _Psychological and ethical
    definitions on a physiological basis_ 1879 and a number of
    pamphlets. _d._ 5 Oct. 1884. _C. Bray’s Phases of opinion and
    experience during a long life_ (1884), _portrait_; _George Eliot’s
    Life, by J. W. Cross_ 1885.

  BRAY, REV. EDWARD ATKYNS (_only son of Edward Bray of Tavistock,
    solicitor_). _b._ the Abbey house, Tavistock 18 Dec. 1778; a
    student at M.T. 1801, barrister M.T. 1806; ordained by bishop of
    Norwich about 1811; entered at Trin. coll. Cam. 1812, B.D. 1822;
    V. of Tavistock 1812 to death; P.C. of Brent Tor, Devon 1812 to
    death; author of _Sermons from the works of the most eminent
    divines_ 1818; _Discourses from tracts and treatises of eminent
    divines_ 1821; _Discourses on Protestantism_ 1829; _Poetical
    remains 2 vols._ 1859. _d._ Tavistock 17 July 1857. _Poetical
    remains of the late E. A. Bray i_, _pp. ix-lii_, (1859),

  BRAY, EDWARD WILLIAM. Ensign 67 Foot 12 Jany. 1805; major 39 Foot 9
    Nov. 1841 to 7 Aug. 1846 when he retired on full pay; C.B. 2 May
    1844. _d._ Montpellier villas, Brighton 3 Dec. 1859 aged 70.

  BRAY, GEORGE FREDERICK CAMPBELL. _b._ 23 April 1826; ensign 39 Foot
    22 March 1844; lieut. col. 96 Foot 14 Sep. 1870 to 13 March 1878
    when placed on h.p.; assistant adjutant general second division
    Abyssinian expedition 11 Nov. 1867 to 7 June 1868; deputy A.A.G.
    Bombay 20 Sep. 1872 to 15 Nov. 1873; A.A.G. and Q.M.G. southern
    district 15 March 1878 to 31 March 1883; hon. M.G. 26 Sep. 1883.
    _d._ 16 Kidbrook Green, Blackheath 26 Sep. 1884.

  BRAY, REGINALD (_son of Edward Bray of Shere near Guildford
    1768–1814, treasurer of Society of Antiquaries_). _b._ 26 Jany.
    1797; solicitor in London 1818 to death; F.S.A. 26 Nov. 1829;
    printed many papers on reforms of the law; author of _Concise
    directions for obtaining Lord Chancellors orders for election and
    removal of coroners of counties_ 1831. _d._ Shere 9 Sep. 1879.

  BRAYBROOK, RICHARD GRIFFIN NEVILLE, 3 Baron (_eld. son of Richard
    Aldworth Neville Griffin, 2 Baron Braybrook 1750–1825_). _b._
    Stanlake, Berks. 26 Sep. 1783; ed. at Sunbury, Eton and Magd.
    coll. Cam., M.A. 1811, D.C.L. Ox. 1810; M.P. for Thirsk 1805–1806,
    for Saltash 1806–1807, for Buckingham 1807–1812 and for Berkshire
    (after a 15 days poll) 12 Oct. 1812 to 28 Feb. 1825 when he
    succeeded as 3 Baron; recorder of Saffron Walden to 1835; pres. of
    Camden Society and of Surtees Society; edited _Diary and
    correspondence of Samuel Pepys 2 vols._ 1825, _4 ed. 4 vols._
    1854; _Life of Jane Lady Cornwallis_ 1842; author of _History of
    Audley End and Saffron Walden_ 1835. _d._ Audley End 13 March

    preceding_). _b._ St. George’s parish, Hanover sq. London 17 March
    1820; ed. at Eton; ensign Grenadier guards 2 June 1837, lieut. 31
    Dec. 1841 to 1842 when he sold out; F.S.A. 25 March 1847;
    succeeded 13 March 1858; author of _Saxon Obsequies discovered in
    Cambridgeshire_ 1852. _d._ Audley End 22 Feb. 1861.

  BRAYBROOKE, SAMUEL. Second lieut. 1 Ceylon regiment 17 Dec. 1812,
    lieut. col. 26 Jany. 1844 to 11 June 1859; col. 99 Foot 26 Jany.
    1866 to death; general 16 April 1875. _d._ 3 Gledhow gardens,
    South Kensington, London 7 Oct. 1880 aged 84.

  BRAYBROOKE, WILLIAM LEMAN (_2 son of the preceding_). Ensign 90 Foot
    29 March 1844; ensign 15 Foot 6 June 1845; ensign Ceylon Rifles 11
    July 1845, lieut. 10 Jany. 1847 to death, adjutant 7 April 1848 to
    1854; served with and carried colours of 95 Foot in Crimean war
    1854. _d._ on board H.M.S. Vulcan in Black Sea 21 Sep. 1854 from
    wounds received at battle of the Alma 20 Sep. _The diary of the
    late W. L. Braybrooke_ 1855.

  BRAYE, SARAH OTWAY-CAVE, Baroness. _b._ July 1767. (_m._ 25 Feb.
    1790 Henry Otway who was _b._ 1769 and _d._ 13 Sep. 1815); barony
    of Braye in abeyance since 1557 was revived in her favour 3 Oct.
    1839. _d._ 14 Great Stanhope st. London 21 Feb. 1862.

  BRAYLEY, EDWARD WEDLAKE. _b._ Lambeth, Surrey 1773; apprenticed to
    an enameller at Clerkenwell; prepared enamel plates for Henry
    Bone; edited with John Britton _The beauties of England and Wales
    10 vols._ 1801–14; sec. and librarian to Russell Institution 55
    Great Coram st. London 1826 to death; F.S.A. 1823; author of _The
    history and antiquities of the abbey church of St. Peter
    Westminster 2 vols._ 1818; _Historical and descriptive account of
    the theatres of London_ 1826; _Londiniana, or reminiscences of the
    British metropolis 4 vols._ 1829; _The graphic and historical
    illustrator_, a periodical July 1832 to Nov. 1834; _A
    topographical history of the county of Surrey 5 vols._ 1841–8 and
    many other books. _d._ 55 Great Coram st. London 23 Sep. 1854.
    _Memoir by John Britton privately printed_ 1855; _G.M. xlii_, 538,
    582 (1854).

  BRAYLEY, EDWARD WILLIAM (_eld. son of the preceding_). _b._ London
    1801; studied science at London and Royal Institutions; joint
    librarian of the London Institution 1834 where he also lectured,
    sole librarian 1865 to death, and professor of physical geography
    and meteorology 1865 to death; an original member of Zoological
    society 1826 and of Chemical society of London 1841; F.R.S. 1 June
    1854; F.R.A.S. Nov. 1866; one of the editors 1822–45 of _Annals of
    philosophy_, _Zoological journal_, and _Philosophical Magazine_ to
    all of which he contributed papers; author of _Ancient castles of
    England and Wales 2 vols._ 1825. _d._ 53 Oakley road, London 1
    Feb. 1870. _Monthly notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xxxii_, 111

  BREADALBANE, JOHN CAMPBELL, 2 Marquis of (_only son of John
    Campbell, 1 Marquis of Breadalbane 1762–1834_). _b._ Nethergate,
    Dundee 26 Oct. 1796; ed. at Glasgow college; M.P. for Okehampton
    1820–26; M.P. for Perthshire 29 Dec. 1832 to 29 March 1834 when he
    succeeded as 2 Marquis; F.R.S. 5 June 1834; K.T. 21 March 1838;
    lieut. and sheriff principal of Argyllshire 5 Dec. 1839; presided
    over meeting of British Association at Glasgow 1840; lord rector
    of Univ. of Glasgow 1841; received Queen Victoria at Taymouth
    Castle, Perthshire on her first visit to Scotland 8 Sep. 1842;
    lord chamberlain of the household 1848–52 and 1853–58; P.C. 4 Sep.
    1848; colonel of Argyll and Bute militia 18 Sep. 1854 to death.
    _d._ Lausanne 8 Nov. 1862. _P. R. Drummond’s Perthshire in bygone
    days_ (1879) 6–17.

  BREADALBANE, JOHN ALEXANDER GAVIN Campbell, 6 Earl of. _b._ London
    30 March 1824; ensign 79 Foot 2 Aug. 1842; captain 1 Foot 4 Aug.
    1854 to 12 Jany. 1855 when he sold out; succeeded 8 Nov. 1862,
    confirmed as 6 Earl by Court of Session 1866 and by House of Lords
    1867; a frequent correspondent of _The Field_; a great salmon
    fisher. _d._ 4B The Albany, Piccadilly, London 20 March 1871. _J.
    Paterson’s Breadalbane succession case_ 1863.

  BREEKS, JAMES WILKINSON. _b._ Edengate, Warcop, Westmoreland 5 March
    1830; entered Madras civil service 1849, private sec. to Sir W. T.
    Denison governor of Madras 1861–64; comr. of the Nilagiris,
    principal sanatorium of South of India to death; made a complete
    collection of arms, ornaments, dresses and implements in use among
    four aboriginal tribes of the Nilagiris and of contents of many
    cairns and cromlechs; author of _An account of the primitive
    tribes and monuments of the Nilagiris_ 1873. (_m._ 19 Feb. 1863
    Susan Maria eld. dau. of Sir. W. T. Denison). _d._ Madras 6 June

  BREEN, JAMES (_2 son of Hugh Breen who superintended Lunar
    reductions at Royal Observatory, Greenwich_). _b._ Armagh 5 July
    1826; a calculator at Royal Observatory, Greenwich Aug. 1842 to
    Aug. 1846 and at Cambridge Observatory Aug. 1846 to Dec. 1858;
    observed the total eclipse of the sun at Camuesa in Spain 18 July
    1860; F.R.A.S. 10 June 1862; author of _The Planetary Worlds, the
    topography and telescopic appearance of the sun, planets, moon and
    comets_ 1854; contributed to _Popular Science Review_ and other
    periodicals generally anonymously. _d._ 25 Aug. 1866. _Monthly
    notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xxvii_, 104 (1867).

  BREESE, EDWARD. _b._ 13 April 1835; ed. at Lewisham, Kent; admitted
    solicitor 1857; practised at Dolgelly to death; clerk of the peace
    for Merionethshire; F.S.A. 21 March 1872; author of _Kalendars of
    Gwynedd, or chronological lists of lords-lieutenant, sheriffs and
    knights of the shire for the counties of Anglesey, Caernarvon and
    Merioneth_ 1873. _d._ Morva lodge, Portmadoc, Carnarvonshire 10
    March 1881. _Law Times lxx_, 357, 413 (1881).

  BREFFIT, EDGAR. _b._ Cromford near Matlock 12 June 1810; founded a
    glass bottle manufactory in City of London which became the
    leading house, trading as Aire and Calder glass bottle company at
    Castleford Yorkshire and Free trade wharf London; took out patents
    for stoppered bottles and for making large bottles with taps for
    drawing off the contents; member of court of common council for
    Dowgate ward 1865; sheriff of London 1875–6; alderman of ward of
    Cheap 1877 to death. _d._ The Glebe, Lee Kent 18 Oct. 1882.
    _I.L.N. lxvii_, 475 (1875), _portrait_; _Graphic xi_, 446 (1875),

  BREMNER, JAMES. _b._ Keiss, parish of Wick, Caithnessshire 25 Sep.
    1784; shipbuilder at Wick 1809 to death; designed and constructed
    many harbours and piers on north coast of Scotland; raised 236
    wrecked vessels between Aberdeenshire and Isle of Skye; removed
    steamer Great Britain off strand in Dundrum bay 1847, she was
    stranded 22 Sep. 1846 and floated 27 Sep. 1847; author of
    _Treatise on the planning and constructing of harbours in deep
    water_ 1845. _d._ Harbour place, Pulteney Town, Wick 20 Aug. 1856.
    _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of C.E. xvi_, 113–20 (1857).

  BREMRIDGE, RICHARD. _b._ Barnstaple 1803; solicitor at Barnstaple
    1825; M.P. for Barnstaple 1847–52, re-elected 8 July 1852 but
    election declared void; M.P. for Barnstaple 1863–65. _d._ Exmouth
    15 June 1878.

  BRENNAN, VERY REV. PATRICK. _b._ Carlow; one of the Superiors of
    Carlow college 1812–20; priest of parish of Kildare 1820;
    Penitentiary of dioceses of Kildare and Leighlin. _d._ Kildare

  BRENT, JOHN (_eld. son of John Brent of Rotherhithe, Kent,
    shipbuilder 1786–1867_). _b._ Rotherhithe 21 Aug. 1808; a miller
    at Canterbury; alderman; city treasurer; F.S.A. 7 April 1853;
    author of _The sea wolf, a romance_ 1834; _Lays and legends of
    Kent_ 1840, _2 ed._ 1851; _The battle cross, a romance of the
    fourteenth century 3 vols._ 1845; _Canterbury in the olden time_
    1860, _2 ed._ 1879; _Village bells and other poems_ 1865, _2 ed._
    1868 and of many papers in antiquarian magazines. _d._ 8 Dane John
    grove, Canterbury 23 April 1882. C. R. _Smith’s Retrospections i_,
    259, 303 (1883); _Journal of Brit. Archæol. Assoc. xxxviii_, 235–6

  BRENT, WILLIAM BRENT. Barrister L.I. 19 Nov. 1813; comr. of
    bankrupts to 1831; steward of Marshalsea Court and Palace Court,
    Great Scotland yard, Westminster 16 Sep. 1825 to 31 Dec. 1849 when
    they were abolished by 12 & 13 Vict. c. 101, s. xiii; probably

  BRENTON, JOHN. _b._ 28 Aug. 1782; entered navy 28 Aug. 1798; captain
    26 Dec. 1822; retired V.A. 5 Jany. 1858; knight of Russian order
    of St. Vladimir. _d._ Ryde, Isle of Wight 17 Sep. 1859.

  BRENTON, SIR LANCELOT CHARLES LEE, 2 Baronet (_younger son of Vice
    Admiral Sir Jahleel Brenton, 1 Baronet 1770–1844_). _b._ 1807; ed.
    at Hyde abbey sch. Winchester, and Oriel college Oxford; ordained
    1830; seceded from Church of England Dec. 1831; took a small
    chapel at Bath and set up a new sect which died out with its
    founder; succeeded 21 April 1844; author of _The Septuagint
    version of the Old Testament according to the Vatican text
    translated into English 2 vols._ 1844; _Cardiphonia Latina_, _3
    ed. 1850_; _Diaconia, or thoughts on the subject of Ministry_
    1852; _Psalms: Bible and Prayer book version, parallel_ 1860. _d._
    Montagu house, Ryde 13 June 1862. _Memoir of Sir Jahleel Brenton
    re-edited by his son_ [_Rev. L. C. L. Brenton_] 1855, _preface
    vii-cxxv_; _Rev. T. Mozley’s Reminiscences ii_, 114–20 (1882).

  BRERETON, REV. CHARLES DAVID (_eld. son of Rev. Charles David
    Brereton, R. of Little Massingham, Norfolk_). _b._ 19 April 1820;
    ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1843, M.A. 1846; C. of St. James
    Piccadilly 1848–49; R. of St. Edmund Norwich 1849–52; consular
    chaplain at Malaga, Spain 27 Aug. 1850 to 30 April 1859; R. of
    Bixley with Framlingham Earl, Norfolk 1863 to death; author of
    _Lectures for travellers_ 1854; _Verses and lectures_ 1868. _d._
    Lowestoft 15 April 1876.

  BRERETON, SIR WILLIAM (_son of major Robert Brereton who fought at
    Culloden_). _b._ 1789; 2 lieut. R.A. 10 May 1805; lieut. col. 17
    Aug. 1843 to 16 Dec. 1854; served in Spain, France and the
    Netherlands; granted service reward 1 April 1856; head of Irish
    constabulary short time; K.H. 1837; C.B. 19 July 1838; K.C.B. 28
    June 1861; L.G. 27 June 1864; author of _The British fleet in the
    Black Sea while under the command of Vice Admiral J. W. D.
    Dundas_, _privately printed 1857_. _d._ 3E Albany, Piccadilly,
    London 27 July 1864. _I.L.N. xlv_, 154, 299 (1864).

  BRERETON, WILLIAM WESTROPP (_4 son of Arthur Brereton of Ballyadams
    Queen’s county_). _b._ 1810; ed. at Trin. coll. Dublin, B.A. 1832,
    M.A. 1856; called to Irish bar 1836; went Munster circuit; Q.C. 9
    Nov. 1852; assistant barrister for co. Kerry 1858; chairman of
    quarter sessions for co. Galway 1858 to death. _d._ Fitzwilliam
    sq. north, Dublin 13 Dec. 1867. _Law mag. and law review v_, 260

  BRETT, HARRY AUGUSTUS. Writer Madras civil service 1831; collector
    of Salem 1860; member of Board of Revenue 1862–65; pres. of Income
    tax commission 1862–67; resigned the service 27 May 1867. _d._ 20
    Dec. 1867.

  BRETT, JOHN WATKINS (_son of Wm. Brett of Bristol, cabinet maker_).
    _b._ Bristol 1805; Telegraphic engineer; laid a gutta percha wire
    between Dover and Cape Grisnez 1850 by which the first submarine
    message was sent from England to France; laid cables between Dover
    and Calais 1851, Dover and Ostend 1853, and Sardinia and France
    1854; mainly instrumental in forming Atlantic Telegraph Company
    1856; director of Submarine Telegraph Co.; made a splendid
    collection of works of art; author of _On the origin and progress
    of the Oceanic telegraph_ 1858. _d._ Lunatic asylum, Coton Hill,
    Stafford 3 Dec. 1863 bequeathing one tenth of his large property
    to charity. _Notes and Queries 3 S. viii_, 203 (1865).

  BRETT, ROBERT. _b._ at or near Luton Beds. 11 Sep. 1808; ed. at St.
    George’s hospital London, M.R.C.S. and L.S.A. 1830; assistant to
    Samuel Reynolds of Stoke Newington surgeon, partner with him 1860
    to death; founded the Guild of St. Luke, a band of medical men who
    co-operate with the clergy; vice pres. of London Union on church
    matters 1850; one of founders and vice pres. with Dr. Pusey of
    English Church Union 1860; author of _The Churchman’s guide to
    faith and piety by R. B._ 1862, _5 ed._ 1871; _Scripture history
    for the young_ 1845; _Devotions for the sick room_ 1843;
    _Companion for the sick room_ 1844; _Thoughts during sickness, 4
    ed._ 1870 and 11 other books. _d._ Stoke Newington 3 Feb. 1874.
    _Robert Brett. In memoriam reprints from the principal church
    journals including a sermon by Rev. J. W. Belcher_ 1874.

  BRETT, WILLIAM FREELAND. _b._ 19 Oct. 1821; ensign 54 Foot 1 April
    1842, major 14 Aug. 1857; major 61 Foot 27 Sep. 1861; lieut. col.
    brigade depot 26 Jany. 1876; M.G. 1 Oct. 1877; placed on retired
    list 1 July 1881. _d._ Colchester 10 Nov. 1884.

  BRETT, REV. WILLIAM HENRY. _b._ Dover; left Dover on his first
    journey to Demerara as missionary from S.P.G. 10 Feb. 1840;
    ordained deacon 1843 and priest 1844; chaplain to Bishop of Guiana
    and R. of Holy Trinity Essequibo 1851–79; author of _The Indian
    tribes of Guiana_ 1852; _Legends and myths of the aboriginal
    Indians of British Guiana_ 1880; _Mission work among the Indian
    tribes in the forests of Guiana_ 1881. _d._ Bowruma, Totnes road,
    Paignton, Devon 10 Feb. 1886 aged 67.

  BRETTELL, REV. JACOB (_only son of Rev. Jacob Brettell, Independent
    minister at Sutton-in-Ashfield, Notts who d. 19 March 1810_). _b._
    Sutton-in-Ashfield 16 April 1793; ed. at Manchester college York
    1809–14; Unitarian minister at Cockey Moor (now called Ainsworth)
    Lancs. July 1814 and at Rotherham Sep. 1816 to June 1859; author
    of _The country minister, a poem in 4 cantos_ 1821; _The country
    minister part second, a poem in 3 cantos_ 1825; _The country
    minister, a poem in 7 cantos with additional poems and notes_
    1827; contributed hundreds of hymns and political and patriotic
    pieces to _Christian Reformer_, _Sheffield Iris_, and other
    periodicals. _d._ Rotherham 12 Jany. 1862. _Christian Reformer
    xviii_, 128, 191 (1862).

  BRETTLE, ROBERT. _b._ Portobello near Edinburgh 6 Dec. 1831; a
    glassblower in the hardware districts; fought B. Malpas for £50 a
    side 14 Feb. 1854 when stakes were drawn; fought Sam. Simmonds for
    £200 a side 3 June 1856, and Job Cobley for £100 a side 4 Aug.
    1857 and beat them both; fought Bob Travers for £100 a side 26
    Jany. 1858 when he won after 100 rounds in 2 hours; fought James
    Mace for £100 a side 21 Sep. 1858 when he won; fought Tom Sayers
    who staked £400 to Brettle’s £200, 20 Sep. 1859 when Sayers won;
    fought James Mace again 9 Sep. 1860 when Mace won; fought Jack
    Rooke for £200 a side 31 Dec. 1861, 1 Jany. 1862 and 11 March 1862
    when stakes were drawn; kept the White Lion, Digbeth, Birmingham
    1857 to about 1868 when he went to the United States; trained and
    brought out some of the best light-weight pugilists. _d._ 56 Upper
    Windsor st. Birmingham 7 April 1872. _The championship of England
    by the editor of Bell’s Life in London_ [_Francis Dowling_] 1860
    _pp._ 70–4; _Illust. sporting news_ 1862 _p._ 9, _portrait_; H. D.
    _Miles’s Pugilistica iii_, 451–60 (1881).

  BREWER, GEORGE. _b._ Gosport 7 Aug. 1773; entered navy 19 March
    1793; joined the ‘Robust’ 15 Feb. 1795; discharged incurable 17
    May 1799; a waterman at Gosport. _d._ in a court in Havant st.
    Portsea 7 Sep. 1871 aged 98 but generally reputed to be 106.
    _Thoms’s Human longevity_ (1873) 185–6.

  BREWER, REV. JOHN SHERREN (_eld. son of John Sherren Brewer of
    Eaton, Norwich, schoolmaster_). _b._ 1810; ed. at Queen’s coll.
    Ox., B.A. 1833, M.A. 1835; chaplain of workhouse of St. Giles’s in
    the Fields and St. George’s Bloomsbury 17 Dec. 1837 to July 1845;
    lecturer in classical literature at King’s college London 1839–60,
    professor of English language and literature there 1855 and of
    English literature and modern history 1865–77; reader at the Rolls
    chapel Chancery lane 1857–62, and preacher 1862 to death; hon.
    fellow of Queen’s coll. Ox. Nov. 1870; head of Working mens’
    college in Great Ormond st. 1872; R. of Toppesfield Essex 16 Sep.
    1876 to death; edited the _Standard_ for short time in 1860;
    edited _Aristotle’s Ethics_ 1836; _Book of the Church by R. Field
    3 vols._ 1843; _Lectures to ladies on practical subjects_ 1855;
    and _Letters and papers foreign and domestic of the reign of Henry
    viii_, _4 vols._ _d._ Toppesfield rectory 16 Feb. 1879. _Rev. J.
    S. Brewer’s English Studies_ (1881) _vii-xl_.

  BREWER, THOMAS. _b._ 1807; entered office of Town Clerk of City of
    London 1823; secretary of City of London school 1837 to death; a
    founder of Sacred Harmonic Society 1832, secretary 1832–70, pres.
    Nov. 1870 to death; author of _Memoir of John Carpenter, town
    clerk of London_ 1836, _2 ed._ 1856; _Memoir of Walter Scott,
    citizen and plaisterer of London privately printed_ 1858. _d._
    City of London school, Milk st. London 25 Dec. 1870.

  BREWER, WILLIAM (_brother of Rev. John Sherren Brewer_). Ed. at
    Univ. of Edin., M.D., L.R.C.S. Edin. 1834; M.D. St. Andrew’s 1834;
    M.R.C.P. London 1841, F.R.C.P. 1872; M.P. for Colchester 18 Nov.
    1868 to 26 Jany. 1874; member of Metropolitan Board of Works for
    St. George’s Hanover square 1870; chairman of Metropolitan Asylums
    Board; author of _The family medical reference book_ 1840;
    _Beatrice Sforza or the progress of truth 3 vols._ 1863;
    translated _A. Tavernier’s Treatise on the treatment of
    deformities of the spine_ 1842. _d._ 21 George st. Hanover sq.
    London 3 Nov. 1881.

  BREWSTER, ABRAHAM (_eld. son of Wm. Bagenal Brewster of Ballinulta,
    co. Wicklow_). _b._ Ballinulta April 1796; ed. at Kilkenny coll.
    and Univ. of Dublin, B.A. 1817, M.A. 1847; called to Irish bar
    1819, went Leinster circuit; K.C. 13 July 1835, legal adviser to
    lord lieut. of Ireland 10 Oct. 1841; bencher of King’s Inns Dublin
    1846; solicitor general for Ireland 2 Feb. 1846 to 16 July 1846;
    attorney general 10 Jany. 1853 to 10 Feb. 1855; P.C. Ireland Jany.
    1853; lord justice of Court of Appeal in Ireland July 1866; lord
    chancellor of Ireland March 1867 to 17 Dec. 1868. _d._ 26 Merrion
    square south, Dublin 26 July 1874. _Burke’s Lord Chancellors of
    Ireland_ (1879) 307–11; _I.L.N. lxv_, 115, 427 (1874).

  BREWSTER, SIR DAVID (_2 son of James Brewster, rector of Jedburgh
    gr. sch. who d. 1815_). _b._ Canongate, Jedburgh 10 or 11 Dec.
    1781; ed. at Jedburgh gr. sch. and Univ. of Edin.; licensed by
    Presbytery of Edin. 1804; LLD. Aberdeen 1807, M.A. Cam. 1807;
    F.R.S. Edin. 1808, pres. 1864; F.R.S. 4 May 1815, Copley medallist
    1815, Rumford medallist 1818, Royal medallist 6 times; founded
    Scottish Society of Arts 1821; invented polyzonal lens for
    lighthouses 1811, Kaleidoscope 1816 and lenticular stereoscope;
    procured establishment of British Association 1831; K.H. 1831;
    knighted at St. James’s Palace 8 March 1832 fees of £109 were
    never demanded from him; principal of Univ. of St. Andrew’s Jany.
    1838 to Oct. 1859; a chevalier of Order of Merit 1847; one of the
    8 foreign associates of French Institute 1849; president of Peace
    congress at Exeter hall London 22–24 July 1851; principal of Univ.
    of Edin. 28 Oct. 1859 to death; author of _Treatise on the
    Microscope_ 1837, _new ed._ 1851; _Lives of Galileo, Tycho Brahe,
    and Kepler_ 1841, _new ed._ 1874; _More worlds than one_ 1854,
    _new ed._ 1874; _History of the Stereoscope_ 1856 and many other
    books. _d._ Allerley near Melrose 10 Feb. 1868, centenary of his
    birth celebrated at Jedburgh 10 Dec. 1881. _The home life of Sir
    D. Brewster by his daughter Mrs. Gordon_ 1869, _portrait_; _Proc.
    of Royal Soc. xvii_, 69–74 (1869); _Min. of Proc. of Instit. of
    C.E. xxvi_, 194–200 (1871); _Grant’s Story of Univ. of Edin. ii_,
    274–8 (1884), _portrait_; _Maclise Portrait Gallery_ (1883) 143–7,
    _portrait_; _I.L.N. xvii_, 121 (1850), _portrait, lii_, 189
    (1868), _portrait_.

  BREWSTER, REV. PATRICK (_brother of the preceding_). _b._ 20 Dec.
    1788; licensed by Presbytery of Fordoun 26 March 1817; minister of
    Abbey church Paisley Aug. 1817 to death; ordained 10 April 1818;
    had but few equals as a preacher for elegance of style and purity
    of diction; took an active share in chartist agitation; author of
    _An essay on passive obedience_ 1836; _The rights of the poor of
    Scotland vindicated against the misrepresentations of the editor
    of the Glasgow Post and Reformer 2 parts_; _The seven Chartist and
    military discourses libelled by the Marquis of Abercorn and other
    heritors of the Abbey parish_ 1843. _d._ Craigie Linn near Paisley
    26 March 1859, monument to his memory erected by public
    subscription in Paisley cemetery 1863. _John Smith’s Our Scottish
    clergy, 2 series_ 1849, 162–6.

  BREWSTER, WILLIAM BAGENAL. Educ. at St. John’s coll. Ox., B.A. 1846;
    rowed No. 4 in Oxford boat against Cambridge 1842 when Oxford
    gained her first victory on the Putney to Mortlake course; ensign
    1 battalion Rifle brigade 7 July 1846, captain 29 Dec. 1854 to
    1858 when he sold out; served in Kaffir war 1852–3; lieut. col. 23
    Middlesex Volunteers (Inns of Court) 9 April 1860 to death. _d._
    75 Warwick sq. Belgrave road, London 7 July 1864 in 45 year.
    _Saturday Review xviii_, 81–2 (1864).

  BRICE, EDWARD. Second lieut. Madras Artillery 16 June 1826, colonel
    25 Sep. 1861 to death; C.B. 1 March 1861. _d._ Harley st. London 9
    June 1868.

  BRIDELL, FREDERICK LEE (_son of Mr. Bridell of Southampton,
    builder_). _b._ Southampton 7 Nov. 1831; apprenticed to a picture
    dealer 1846–53; studied painting at Munich 1854–7; his chief works
    are ‘Sunset on the Atlantic,’ exhibited at Liverpool Nov. 1857;
    ‘Temple of Venus’ painted in emulation of Turner 1858 and ‘The
    Coliseum by moonlight’ painted at Rome 1858, exhibited at the R.A.
    1859 and at International Exhibition 1862; his patron James Wolff
    of Southampton acquired so many of his works that he formed a
    ‘Bridell gallery’ which was sold for nearly £4,000. _d._ Aug.
    1863. _Art Journal n.s. iii_, 12 (1864).

  BRIDGE, REV. JOHN BRICE. _b._ Liverpool 2 Nov. 1793; ed. at
    Stonyhurst college; admitted to Society of Jesus at Hodder 7 Sep.
    1814; ordained priest at Dublin July 1819; spiritual father and
    superior of seminary Stonyhurst June 1838; minister of Stonyhurst
    college Nov. 1841; superior of residence of St. Michael, Yorkshire
    many years; missioner at Allerton Park, Yorkshire 18 July 1842 to
    death; compiler of the _Ordo S. J._ 1844 to death. _d._ Allerton
    park 20 Feb. 1860.

  BRIDGEMAN, CHARLES ORLANDO (_2 son of 1 Earl of Bradford
    1762–1825_). _b._ 5 Feb. 1791; entered navy 18 June 1804; captain
    2 Sep. 1819, captain of the Rattlesnake in Mediterranean 1827–30;
    retired captain 1 Oct. 1846; retired V. A. 10 Sep. 1857. _d._
    Knockin near Oswestry 13 April 1860.

  BRIDGER, CHARLES. Clerk in Heralds’ College London; assistant of
    Stephen Tucker, Somerset Herald; author of _An index to printed
    pedigrees contained in county and local histories_ 1867; _The
    family of Leete edited by J. C. Anderson privately printed_ 1881.
    _d._ 17 Selwood terrace, South Kensington, London 27 May 1879 in
    54 year.

  BRIDGER, WILLIAM. Solicitor at Guildford, Surrey 1854 to death;
    travelled in Australia; formed one of the best known collections
    of birds eggs; F.R.Z.S. _d._ Stoke near Guildford 15 Oct. 1870
    aged 38.

  BRIDGER, WILLIAM MILTON. Educ. at Winchester and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A.
    1814, M.A. 1818; barrister M.T. 20 June 1817; recorder of
    Chichester 1821 to death; recorder of Petworth _d._ from an
    accident in London 12 Aug. 1863.

  BRIDGES, REV. CHARLES. Educ. at Queen’s coll. Cam., B.A. 1818, M.A.
    1831; V. of Old Newton, Suffolk 1823–49, rural dean 1844–9; R. of
    Melcombe Regis, Dorset 1849–55; R. of Hinton Martell, Dorset 1855
    to death; author of _An exposition of Psalm cxix_, 1827, _27 ed._
    1873; _The Christian ministry_ 1830, _7 ed._ 1849; _Memoir of Miss
    M. J. Graham_ 1832, _3 ed._ 1833; _An exposition of the book of
    Proverbs_ 1846; _Scriptural studies 9 ed._ 1884. _d._ Hinton
    Martell rectory 2 April 1869 aged 75. _Reg. and mag. of biog. i_,
    399 (1869).

  BRIDGES, SIR HENRY (_son of Alexander Bridges of Ewell, Surrey_).
    _b._ Ewell 1786; sheriff of Surrey 1813–14; knighted on presenting
    an address to Prince Regent at Carlton house 11 May 1814. (_m._
    1808 Frances dau. of general Wm. Tombes Dalrymple, she _d._ 6 Feb.
    1859). _d._ Beddington house near Croydon 29 Oct. 1861.

  BRIDGMAN, FREDERICK (_eld. son of Frederick Horatio Bridgman_). _b._
    1837; barrister I.T. 17 Nov. 1860; went South Eastern circuit
    1860–82; Queen’s Advocate for Gold Coast Colony 7 Oct. 1882 to
    death, acting chief justice 1883 to death. _d._ Cape Coast 5 May

  BRIDPORT, SAMUEL HOOD, 2 Baron. _b._ Catherington, Hants. 7 Dec.
    1788; ed. at Trin. coll. Cam., M.A. 1809; succeeded 3 May 1814.
    _d._ Cricket St. Thomas, Chard, Somerset 6 Jany. 1868.

  BRIDSON, THOMAS RIDGWAY (_son of Paul Bridson of Douglas, Isle of
    Man who d. 1820_). _b._ 1795; owner of bleach works near Bolton
    foremost establishment of the kind in the world; invented the
    patent “stenter” or elastic finishing machine which much advanced
    mechanism of the trade; mayor of Bolton 1847–8. _d._ 24 Jany.
    1863. _H. Mayhew’s Shops of London i_, 127–38 (1865).

  BRIGGS, AUGUSTUS. _b._ 7 May 1813; member of House of Assembly,
    Barbados many years, speaker 1868–75; member of Legislative
    council 1878 and president 1881 to death. _d._ Maynards, Barbados
    17 May 1882.

  BRIGGS, GEORGE. Second lieut. Madras artillery 16 Dec. 1824; colonel
    18 Feb. 1861 to 6 May 1867; M.G. 6 May 1867. _d._ Cambridge st.
    Pimlico, London 29 July 1875 in 80 year.

  BRIGGS, RIGHT REV. JOHN. _b._ Manchester 20 May 1788; ed. at St.
    Cuthbert’s college Ushaw; sub-deacon 1812, deacon 1813 and priest
    1814; had charge of Chester 1818–32; pres. of Ushaw 28 March 1832
    to 11 Aug. 1836; co-adjutor of Bishop Penswick in Northern
    district Jany. 1833; consecrated as Bishop of Trachis in Thessalia
    29 Jany. 1833; vicar apostolic of Northern district Feb. 1836 and
    of Yorkshire district July 1840; bishop of Beverley 29 Sep. 1850
    to 7 Nov. 1860 when he resigned; enthroned in St. George’s church
    York 13 Feb. 1851; a Count of the Holy Roman empire. _d._ at his
    house York 4 Jany. 1861. _Brady’s Episcopal succession iii_, 396–8
    (1877); _The Lamp iii_, 163 (1851), _portrait_.

  BRIGGS, JOHN (_eld. child of James Briggs, physician general Madras,
    who d. about 1830_). _b._ Madras 18 Sep. 1785; ed. at Eton 1794–9;
    lieut. 15 Madras N.I. 10 July 1801; resident at Sattara Jany. 1823
    to Jany. 1827; senior comr. in Mysore 1831 to 13 Nov. 1832;
    resident at Nagpore Dec. 1832 to March 1835; colonel 13 Madras
    N.I. 16 Nov. 1836 to 1869; general 6 Feb. 1861; took the chair at
    meeting of Anti-corn-law league in Covent Garden theatre 22 May
    1844; contested Exeter April 1844 and July 1845; F.R.S. 22 Nov.
    1838. _d._ Bridge Lodge, Burgess Hill, Sussex 27 April 1875.
    _Memoir of John Briggs by Evans Bell_ 1885, _portrait_.

  BRIGGS, JOHN JOSEPH (_son of John Briggs of King’s Newton near
    Melbourne, Derbyshire, farmer 1777–1864_). _b._ King’s Newton 6
    March 1819; apprenticed to W. Bemrose of Derby, printer 1834;
    farmer at King’s Newton about 1840 to death; originated ‘The
    Naturalists’ column’ in the _Field_ newspaper 1855; author of
    _Melbourne, a sketch of its history and antiquity_ 1839; _History
    of Melbourne_ 1852; _The Trent and other poems_ 1857; _The Peacock
    at Rowsley_ 1869; _Guide to Melbourne_ 1871; _History and
    antiquities of Hemington, Leicestershire_, _12 copies privately
    printed 1873_. _d._ King’s Newton 23 March 1876. _Reliquary xvii_,
    49–54 (1877).

  BRIGGS, SIR JOHN THOMAS (_son of Wm. Briggs_). _b._ London 4 June
    1781; sec. to Commission for revising civil affairs of navy 1806;
    assistant sec. of Victualling Board 1809–30; private sec. to Sir
    James Graham, first lord of Admiralty 1830; comr. of Victualling
    Board 1831–2; accountant general of navy 1832 to Feb. 1854;
    knighted at St. James’s Palace 26 Feb. 1851; author of several
    pamphlets on naval administration. _d._ 4 Royal Crescent, Brighton
    3 Feb. 1865. _Morning Post 8 Feb. 1865 and 3 Jany. 1874_; _Daily
    Telegraph 6 Jany. 1874_.

  BRIGGS, SIR THOMAS (_7 son of Stephen Briggs, chief surgeon at
    Madras_). _b._ Southampton 1780; entered navy 10 Sep. 1791;
    captain of Queen Charlotte 100 guns 1818–21; resident comr. of
    naval yard at Bermuda 1823 and at Malta 1829–32; superintendent of
    Malta dockyard 1832–38; G.C.M.G. 26 June 1833; admiral 2 Sep.
    1850; commander in chief at Portsmouth 18 Sep. 1851 to death. _d._
    Admiralty house, Portsmouth 16 Dec. 1852.

  BRIGHAM, REV. HENRY. _b._ Manchester 23 June 1796; ed. at Stonyhurst
    college; entered Society of Jesus at Hodder 7 Sep. 1813; ordained
    priest 1 June 1822; missioner at Hereford 10 Dec. 1827; removed to
    Preston 2 Oct. 1834 and to Bury St. Edmunds 23 July 1836; superior
    of College of Holy Apostles 1842–3; served missions of Pontefract,
    Teignmouth and Ugbrooke; professor of elocution at St. Stanislaus’
    college Beaumont near Windsor 1865. _d._ St. Stanislaus’ college
    26 May 1881.

  BRIGHT, HENRY (_son of Richard Bright of Bristol, merchant_). West
    India Merchant at Bristol; M.P. for Bristol 1820–30. _d._ Malvern
    26 March 1869 aged 83.

  BRIGHT, HENRY (_son of Jerome Bright of Saxmundham, Suffolk who d.
    1846_). _b._ Saxmundham 1814; apprenticed to a chemist at
    Woodbridge; studied painting in London; a member of Institute of
    Painters in Water Colours and of the Graphic Society; very popular
    as a teacher of painting; exhibited 12 pictures at R.A., 26 at
    B.I. and 7 at Suffolk st. gallery 1836–73. _d._ Ipswich 21 Sep.
    1873, _Art Journal Oct. 1873_; _I.L.N. lxiii_, 389 (1873),

  BRIGHT, HENRY ARTHUR (_eld. son of Samuel Bright of Liverpool,
    shipowner 1799–1870._) _b._ Liverpool 9 Feb. 1830; ed. at Rugby
    and Trin. coll. Cam., B.A. 1857 (being with James Heywood first
    nonconformist to take a degree at Cam.) M.A. 1860; partner in firm
    of Gibbs, Bright and Co. shipowners 1857; contributed largely to
    _Athenæum_ 1871 to death; published _A year in a Lancashire
    garden_ 1879, which he wrote in _Gardeners’ Chronicle_ 1874, and
    privately printed 50 copies 1875; _The English flower garden_ 1881
    and 5 other books. _d._ Ashfield, Knotty Ash near Liverpool 5 May
    1884. _H. A. Bright’s The Brights of Colwall_ (1872), _p._ 11;
    _Christian Life 10 and 17 May 1884_; _N. Hawthorne and his wife
    ii_, 21–7 (1885).

  BRIGHT, JACOB (_youngest son of Jacob Bright_). Learnt handloom
    weaving at New Mills Derbyshire 1790–6; bookkeeper to J. and W.
    Holme of Rochdale, partner with them; cotton spinner at Hanging
    road factory Rochdale, at Greenbank mill Cronkeyshaw 1809, had
    7000 spindles at work 1823; retired from business 1839. _d._ 7
    July 1851 aged 76. _Fortunes made in business ii_, 181–97 (1884).

  BRIGHT, JOHN. _b._ Derbyshire 1782; ed. at Wad. coll. Ox., B.A.
    1801, M.A. 1804, M.B. 1806, M.D. 1808; practised at Birmingham;
    removed to London; candidate of R.C.P. 30 Sep. 1808, Fellow 30
    Sep. 1809, Censor 1813, 1822, 1833 and 1840, Harveian orator 1830,
    Consiliarius 1839, an Elect 25 June 1839; Physician to Westminster
    hospital 1822–43; a Metropolitan Commissioner in Lunacy 1 Sep.
    1836. _d._ 19 Manchester sq. London 1 Feb. 1870. _Munk’s Roll of
    physicians iii_, 79 (1878).

  BRIGHT, REV. MYNORS (_son of John Bright, physician 1783–1870_).
    _b._ 1818; ed. at Shrewsbury; entered Magd. coll. Cam. 3 July
    1835, B.A. 1840, M.A. 1843, Tyrwhitt Hebrew scholar 1843,
    foundation fellow, and tutor of his college, president 1853 to
    1873; proctor of Univ. of Cam. 1853; re-edited Lord Braybrook’s
    edition of _Pepys’s Diary_ published simultaneously in 4º. and 8º.
    _6 vols._ 1879 for which he redeciphered the whole of Pepys’s
    Diary from the original M.S. in Magd. coll. library. _d._ 23
    Sussex place, Regent’s Park, London 23 Feb. 1883.

  BRIGHT, RICHARD (_3 son of Richard Bright of Bristol, merchant_).
    _b._ Queen sq. Bristol 28 Sep. 1789; ed. at Univ. of Edin., M.D.
    13 Sep. 1813; L.R.C.P. 23 Dec. 1816; assistant phys. to Guy’s
    hospital 1820–4, phys. 1824–43; F.R.S. 8 March 1821; F.R.C.P. 25
    June 1832, Gulstonian lecturer 1833, Lumleian lecturer 1837,
    Censor 1836 and 1839, Consiliarius 1838 and 1843; phys.
    extraordinary to Queen Victoria 8 Aug. 1837; the leading
    consulting phys. in London; discovered several affections of the
    kidney, dependent upon an altered condition of the blood, called
    after him Bright’s disease or nephritis; author of _Travels from
    Vienna through Lower Hungary_ 1818; _Reports of medical cases,
    selected with a view of illustrating the symptom and cure of
    diseases by a reference to morbid anatomy 3 parts_ 1827–31. _d._
    11 Savile Row, London 16 Dec. 1858. _Munk’s Roll of physicians
    iii_, 155–60 (1878); _Pettigrew’s Medical portrait gallery vol. 2_
    (1840), _portrait_; _Proc. of Royal Soc. x_, 1–4 (1860); _Morbus
    Brighti von Joseph Buchner_, _Leipzig 1870_.

  BRIGHT, RICHARD (_son of the succeeding_). _b._ Abbots Leigh near
    Bristol 14 April 1822; ed. at Rugby and Ch. Ch. Ox., B.A. 1843;
    barrister I.T. 21 Nov. 1851; M.P. for East Somerset 19 Nov. 1868
    to death. _d._ 28 Feb. 1878.

  BRIGHT, ROBERT (_brother of Richard Bright 1789–1858_). _b._ 1795;
    partner in great mercantile house of Gibbs and Bright of Bristol,
    Liverpool and London, owners of the Eagle line of packets and of
    Great Britain steamship; took chief part in freeing port of
    Bristol from heavy dues levied on its commerce 1848 for which he
    was presented with a service of plate worth £1,000 at Bristol
    March 1855. _d._ Abbots Leigh near Bristol 19 Sep. 1869. _I.L.N.
    xxvi_, 325–6 (1855).

  BRIGHTWELL, CECILIA LUCY (_eld. child of the succeeding_). _b._
    Thorpe near Norwich 27 Feb. 1811; pupil of John Sell Cotman,
    etcher; etched many landscapes and subjects; author of _Memorials
    of the life of Amelia Opie_ 1854, _2 ed._ 1855; _Palissy, the
    Huguenot potter a true tale_ 1858, _2 ed._ 1877; _Heroes of the
    laboratory and the workshop_ 1859, _2 ed._ 1860 and 18 other
    books. _d._ Norwich 17 April 1875.

  BRIGHTWELL, THOMAS (_son of Thomas Brightwell of Ipswich, tanner_).
    _b._ 18 March 1787; articled to S. Daniell of Colchester,
    attorney; practised at Norwich 1810; partner with Thomas Bignold;
    mayor of Norwich 1837; F.L.S. 1821; made a fine collection of
    Insects especially Coleoptera, which he gave to the Norwich museum
    about 1844; author of _Notes on the Pentateuch selected from the
    exegetical parts of Rosenmuller’s Scholia_ 1840. _d._ Norwich 17
    Nov. 1868. _Memorials of the life of Mr. Brightwell of Norwich by
    his daughter C. L. Brightwell_ 1869, _portrait_.

  BRIGSTOCKE, THOMAS. _b._ 1809; studied at Sass’s drawing school
    London; pupil of H. P. Briggs, R.A. and J. P. Knight, R.A.; spent
    8 years in Paris and Italy; made a copy of Raphael’s
    ‘Transfiguration’ in the Vatican which was purchased for Christ
    Church, Albany st. Regent’s Park; went to Egypt 1847; painted an
    historical picture entitled ‘The prayer for victory’; exhibited 16
    pictures at R.A. and 2 at B.I. 1843–65; author of _The mutual
    scourges, or France and her neighbours, an historical drama in 4
    acts_ 1871. _d._ 11 March 1881.

  BRIMLEY, GEORGE (_son of Mr. Brimley of Cambridge_). _b._ Cambridge
    29 Dec. 1819; ed. at Totteridge, Herts. 1830–5; entered at Trin.
    coll. Cam. Oct. 1838, scholar 1841, librarian 4 June 1845 to 1857;
    contributed articles to the _Spectator_ and _Fraser’s Mag._ 1851
    to death; one of the finest critics of his day. _d._ Cambridge 29
    May 1857. _Essays by the late G. Brimley edited by W. G. Clark_,
    _3 ed._ 1882, _portrait_.

    Theodore Henry Broadhead of Holly grove, Windsor, M.P.
    1767–1820._) _b._ London 17 Jany. 1798; ed. at Eton and Trin.
    coll. Cam.; M.P. for Yarmouth 17 Jany. 1821 to 2 June 1826;
    created baronet 30 Sep. 1831; assumed by royal licence original
    family surname of Brinckman 5 July 1842. _d._ St. Leonards near
    Windsor 9 Feb. 1880.

  BRIND, FREDERICK. Colonel Bengal army 20 June 1854; C.B. 9 June
    1849. _d._ Sealkote Bengal 10 July 1857 aged 55.

  BRINDLE, VERY REV. THOMAS. _b._ Walton-le-Dale, Lancs. 18 Dec. 1791;
    ed. at Benedictine coll. Ampleforth, Yorks.; ordained priest Sep.
    1815; administrator of Western diocese and Grand Vicar March 1829
    to 1830; regent of college at Prior park, Bath 1830 to Nov. 1849;
    vicar general of diocese of Clifton 1850 an office which he held
    at various periods for 21 years; provost of the Cathedral Chapter
    1852; domestic prelate to Pope Gregory xvi, 1854; received many
    persons into R.C. church during Tractarian movement. _d._ Bath 13
    Dec. 1871. _Tablet 23 Dec. 1871._

  BRINE, GEORGE (_3 son of James Brine, admiral R.N. who d. 1814_).
    Entered navy Feb. 1797; captain 7 Dec. 1818; retired 1 Oct. 1846;
    retired admiral 23 March 1863. _d._ Richmond, Surrey 16 Nov. 1864
    aged 79.

  BRINTON, WILLIAM (_2 son of Henry Brinton of Kidderminster, carpet
    manufacturer who d. about 1856_). _b._ Kidderminster 20 Nov. 1823;
    matric. at Univ. of London 1843, M.B. 1847, M.D. 1848; M.R.C.P.
    1849, F.R.C.P. 1854, Croonian lecturer 1859; medical tutor at
    King’s college, London 1850–3; lecturer on forensic medicine at
    St. Thomas’s hospital 1853; phys. to Royal free hospital 1852–60
    and to St. Thomas’s hospital 1860 to Nov. 1864; member of Alpine
    Club; F.R.S. 1864; author of _Bürger’s Leonora, Englished_ [_by
    W.B._] 1850; _On the medical selection of lives for insurance_
    1856, _3 ed._ 1861; _The diseases of the stomach_ 1859. _d._ 24
    Brook st. Grosvenor sq. London 17 Jany. 1867. _Proc. of Royal Soc.
    xvi_, 6–8 (1865).

  BRISBANE, SIR THOMAS MACDOUGALL (_eld. son of Thomas Brisbane of
    Largs, Ayrshire who d. 1812 aged 92_). _b._ Brisbane house, Largs
    23 July 1773; ensign 38 Foot 9 April 1789; lieut. col. 69 Foot 4
    April 1800 to 30 May 1805 when placed on h.p.; commanded 1 brigade
    of 3 division in Peninsula 1812 to end of the war; commanded
    brigade in Canada 1813 and a brigade in army of occupation in
    France and afterwards the second division there; governor of New
    South Wales 1 Dec. 1821 to 1 Dec. 1825; colonel 34 Foot 16 Dec.
    1826 to death; general 23 Nov. 1841; fought in 14 general actions
    and 23 other battles; erected an observatory near Brisbane house
    1808, another at Paramatta near Sydney opened 2 May 1822 and a
    third at Makerstown near Kelso 1826 to which he added a magnetic
    station 1841 only one in Scotland; F.R.S. 10 May 1810; F.R.S.
    Edin. 1811, pres. 1832; gold medallist of Royal Astronom. Soc.
    1828; F.G.S. 1833; pres. of British Assoc. at Edin. 1834; G.C.H.
    1831; baronet 22 Feb. 1836; G.C.B. 6 Feb. 1837. _d._ Brisbane
    house 27 Jany. 1860. _Reminiscences of Sir T. M. Brisbane
    privately printed_ 1860; _Proc. of Royal Soc. xi_, 3–7 (1860);
    _Monthly notices of Royal Astronom. Soc. xxi_, 98–100 (1861);
    _G.M. viii_, 298–302 (1860).

  BRISCO, SIR ROBERT, 3 Baronet. _b._ Crofton hall, Carlisle 17 Sep.
    1808; succeeded 1 Oct. 1862; became a pledged abstainer 1858, vice
    pres. of United Kingdom Alliance, lectured frequently on
    temperance. _d._ Crofton hall 23 Dec. 1884.

  BRISCO, SIR WASTELL, 2 Baronet. _b._ 17 May 1778; succeeded 27 Dec.
    1806; sheriff of Cumberland 1813. _d._ Crofton hall 1 Oct. 1862.

  BRISCOE, JOHN IVATT (_son of John Briscoe of Cross Deep,
    Twickenham_). _b._ Twickenham 1791; ed. at Ealing and Univ. coll.
    Ox., B.A. 1812, M.A. 1815; M.P. for Surrey 1830–32, for East
    Surrey 1832–34, for Westbury 1837–41 and for West Surrey 1857 to
    death. _d._ 60 Eaton place, London 16 Aug. 1870.

  BRISCOE, JOSEPH. _b._ Wilmount, co. Kilkenny; ed. at Trin. coll.
    Dublin; went to United States 1854; connected as civil engineer
    with many important public works in Pennsylvania coalfields;
    enlisted in First New York Volunteers at outbreak of the civil
    war; chief of the staff of Tenth army corps; colonel of 199
    regiment Pennsylvania volunteers; commanded a brigade at capture
    of Petersburg; stormed Fort Gregg fo