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Title: Webster & Tourneur - The White Devil, The Duchess of Malfi, The Atheist's - Tragedy, The Revenger's Tragedy
Author: Tourneur, Cyril, Webster, John
Language: English
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[Transcriber's Note: "The Revenger's Tragedy," attributed here to Cyril
Tourneur, is now generally recognised as the work of Thomas Middleton.]




John Webster:



Cyril Tourneur:


[_Reattributed to Thomas Middleton._]



  The first Globe Theatre, on the Bankside, Southwark, "the summer
  theatre of Shakespeare and his fellows," is believed to have been built
  in 1594, partly of materials removed from the Theatre in Shoreditch,
  "the earliest building erected in or near London purposely for scenic
  exhibitions." Outside, the Globe was hexagonal in shape, and, like all
  the theatres of that epoch, was open at the top, excepting the part
  immediately over the stage, which was thatched with straw. The interior
  of the theatre was circular. The performances took place by daylight,
  and while they were going on a flag with the cross of St. George upon
  it was unfurled from the roof. Originally, in place of scenery, the
  names of the localities supposed to be represented were inscribed on
  boards or hangings for the information of the audience. The sign of the
  theatre was a figure of Hercules supporting the globe, beneath which
  was written "Totus mundus agit Histrionem."

  In 1601, the Globe Theatre was used as a place of meeting by the
  conspirators engaged in Essex's rebellion, and next year Shakespeare's
  _Hamlet_, following upon other of his plays, was here produced for the
  first time. In subsequent years plays by Shakespeare, Webster, Ford,
  and contemporary dramatists were performed at the Globe, until in 1613
  the theatre was burnt to the ground owing to some lighted paper, thrown
  from a piece of ordnance used in the performance, igniting the thatch.
  The theatre was rebuilt in the following spring with a tiled roof, and
  according to Howes's MS., quoted by Collier in his life of Shakespeare,
  "at the great charge of King James and many noblemen and others." Ben
  Jonson styled the new theatre "the glory of the Bank and the fort of
  the whole parish."

  The Globe Theatre was pulled down in 1644 by Sir Matthew Brand with the
  view to tenements being erected upon its site, a portion of which at
  the present day is occupied by Barclay and Perkins's brewery.


  Nothing is known about the lives of John Webster and Cyril Tourneur. We
  are ignorant when they were born and when they died. We possess only
  meagre hints of what contemporaries thought of them. One allusion to
  Tourneur survives, which shows that he was not popular in his lifetime
  as a dramatist:--

      His fame unto that pitch so only raised
      As not to be despised nor too much praised.

  A superficial critic speaks of "crabbed Webster, the playwright,
  cart-wright," and proceeds, at some length, to deride his laborious
  style and obscurity. Commendatory verses by S. Sheppard, Th. Middleton,
  W. Shirley, and John Ford prove, however, that Webster's tragedies won
  the suffrage of the best judges. None such are printed with Tourneur's

  Webster began to write for the stage as early as 1601. Between that
  date and 1607 he worked upon Marston's _Malcontent_, and is supposed
  to have collaborated with Dekker in the _History of Sir Th. Wyatt,
  Northward Ho,_ and _Westward Ho_. Tourneur began his literary career
  by a satire called _Transformed Metamorphosis_, in 1600, which was
  followed in 1609 by a _Funeral Poem on the Death of Sir Francis Vere_.
  Both he and Webster published Elegies in 1613 upon the death of Prince

  In this year he was employed upon some business for the Court, as
  appears from this passage in the Revels Accounts (ed. Cunningham, p.

   To Cyrill Turner, upon a warraunte signed by the Lord Chamberleyne
   and Mr. Chauncellor, dated at Whitehall, 23rd December, 1613, for
   his chardges and paines in carrying l'res for his Mats. service to
   Brussells.... X li.

  The amount of this payment renders it improbable that Tourneur's
  mission was of any political or diplomatical importance.

  We do not know when he commenced playwright; but _The Revenger's
  Tragedy_ was licensed in 1607 and printed in the same year. _The
  Atheist's Tragedy_ was printed in 1611; it had been written almost
  certainly at some earlier period. Webster's _White Devil_ was printed
  and probably produced in 1612; his _Duchess of Malfi_, produced perhaps
  in 1616, was printed in 1623.

  It is needful to dwell on the comparison of these dates, since they
  give Tourneur the priority of authorship in a style of tragedy which
  both poets cultivated with marked effect. Not to class them together
  as the creators of a singular type of drama would be uncritical.
  They elaborated similar motives, moved in the same atmosphere of
  moral gloom, aimed at the like sententious apophthegms, affected the
  same brevity and pungency, handled blank verse and prose on parallel
  methods, and owed debts of much the same kind to Shakespeare. That
  Webster was the greater writer, as he certainly possessed a finer cast
  of mind, and surveyed a wider sphere of human nature in his work, will
  be admitted. Yet it seems not impossible that he may have followed
  Tourneur's lead in the peculiar form and tone of his two masterpieces.

  Speaking broadly, the two best tragedies of Webster and the two
  surviving tragedies of Tourneur constitute a distinct species of the
  genus which has been termed Tragedy of Blood.[1] It was Kyd, in his
  double drama called _The Spanish Tragedy_, who first gave definite
  form to this type. Those two plays exhibit the main ingredients of
  the Tragedy of Blood--a romantic story of crime and suffering, a
  violent oppressor, a wronged man bent upon the execution of some
  subtle vengeance, a ghost or two, a notorious villain working as the
  tyrant's instrument, and a whole crop of murders, deaths, and suicides
  to end the action. What use Shakespeare made of the type, and how he
  glorified it in _Hamlet_, is well known. Both Tourneur and Webster,
  writing after Shakespeare, had of necessity felt his influence, and
  their handling of the species was modified by that of their great
  master. Yet they reverted in many important particulars from the
  Shakespearean method to Kyd's. The use they both made of the villain, a
  personage which Shakespeare discarded, might be cited as distinctive.
  Kyd described the villain in the character of his Lazarrotto thus:--

      I have a lad in pickle of this stamp,
      A melancholy, discontented courtier,
      Whose famished jaws look like the chap of death;
      Upon whose eyebrow hangs damnation;
      Whose hands are washed in rape and murders bold;
      Him with a golden bait will I allure,
      For courtiers will do anything for gold.

  The outlines sketched by Kyd were filled in with touches of diseased
  perversity and crippled nobleness by Tourneur in his Vendice, and
  were converted into full-length portraits of impressive sombreness by
  Webster in his Flamineo and Bosola.

  When we compare Tourneur with Webster as artists in the Tragedy of
  Blood, the former is seen at once to stand upon a lower level. His
  workmanship was rougher and less equal; his insight into nature less
  humane, though hardly less incisive; his moral tone muddier and more
  venomous; his draughtsmanship spasmodic and uncertain. Tourneur seems
  to have invented his own plots; they have the air of being fabricated
  after a recipe. This flaw--an apparent insincerity in the choice of
  motives--corresponds to the more painful moral flaw which makes his
  occasional good work like that of a remorseful and regretful fallen
  angel. While we read his plays, the line of Persius rises to our lips:--

      Virtutem videant intabescantque relictâ.

  Webster, as man and artist, never descends to Tourneur's level. He
  selects his two great subjects from Italian story, deriving thence
  the pith and marrow of veracity. These subjects he treats carefully
  and conscientiously, according to his own conception of the dreadful
  depths in human nature revealed to us by sixteenth century Italy. He
  does not use the vulgar machinery of revenge and ghosts in order to
  evolve an action. In so far as this goes, he may even be said to have
  advanced a step beyond _Hamlet_ in the evolution of the Tragedy of
  Blood. His dramatic issues are worked out, without much alteration,
  from the matter given in the two Italian tales he used. Only he claims
  the right to view human fates and fortunes with despair, to paint a
  broad black background for his figures, to detach them sharply in
  sinister or pathetic relief, and to leave us at the last without a
  prospect over hopeful things. "One great Charybdis swallows all," said
  the Greek Simonides; and this motto might be chosen for the work of
  Shakespeare's greatest pupil in the art of tragedy. Yet Webster never
  fails to touch our hearts, and makes us remember a riper utterance upon
  the piteousness of man's ephemeral existence:--

      Sunt lacrimæ rerum, et mentem mortalia tangunt.

  It is just this power of blending tenderness and pity with the
  exhibition of acute moral anguish by which Webster is so superior to
  Tourneur as a dramatist.

  Both playwrights have this point in common, that their forte lies not
  in the construction of plots, or in the creation of characters, so much
  as in an acute sense for dramatic situations. Their plots are involved
  and stippled in with slender touches; they lack breadth, and do not
  rightly hang together. Their characters, though forcibly conceived,
  tend to monotony, and move mechanically. But when it is needful to
  develop a poignant, a passionate, or a delicate situation, Tourneur
  and Webster show themselves to be masters of their art. They find
  inevitable words, the right utterance, not indeed always for their
  specific personages, but for generic humanity, under the _peine forte
  et dure_ of intense emotional pressure. Webster, being the larger,
  nobler, deeper in his touch on nature, offers a greater variety of
  situations which reveal the struggles of the human soul with sin and
  fate. He is also better able to sustain these situations at a high
  dramatic pitch--as in the scene of Vittoria before her judges, and
  the scene of the Duchess of Malfi's assassination. Still Tourneur can
  display a few such moments by apocalyptic flashes--notably in the
  scenes where Vendice deals with his mother and sister.

  Both playwrights indulge the late Elizabethan predilection for
  conceits. Webster, here as elsewhere, proves himself the finer
  artist. He inserts Vittoria's dream, Antonio's dialogue with Echo,
  Bosola's Masque of Madmen, accidentally and subserviently to action.
  Tourneur enlarges needlessly, but with lurid rhetorical effect,
  upon the grisly humours suggested by the skull of Vendice's dead
  mistress. Using similar materials, the one asserts his claim to be
  called the nobler poet by more steady observance of the Greek precept
  "Nothing overmuch." Words to the same effect might be written about
  their several employment of blank verse and prose. Both follow
  Shakespeare's distribution of these forms, while both run verse into
  prose as Shakespeare never did. Yet I think we may detect a subtler
  discriminative quality in Webster's most chaotic periods than we can in
  Tourneur's; and what upon this point deserves notice is that Webster,
  of the two, alone shows lyrical faculty. His three dirges are of
  exquisite melodic rhythm, in a rich low minor key; much of his blank
  verse has the ring of music; and even his prose suggests the colour of
  song by its cadence. This cannot be said of the sinister and arid Muse
  of Tourneur. She wears no evergreens of singing, nay, no yew-boughs
  even, on her forehead. Her dusky eyes sparkle with sharp metallic
  scintillations, as when Castiza says to her mother:--

      Come from that poisonous woman there.

  _The Revenger's Tragedy_ is an entangled web of lust, incest,
  fratricide, rape, adultery, mutual suspicion, hate, and bloodshed,
  through which runs, like a thread of glittering copper, the vengeance
  of a cynical plague-fretted spirit. Vendice emerges from the tainted
  crew of Duke and Duchess, Lussurioso, Spurio and Junior, Ambitioso and
  Supervacuo, with a kind of blasted splendour. They are curling and
  engendering, a brood of flat-headed asps, in the slime of their filthy
  appetites and gross ambitions. He treads and tramples, on them all. But
  he bears on his own forehead the brands of Lucifer, the rebel, and of
  Cain, the assassin. The social corruption which transformed them into
  reptiles, has made him a fiend incarnate. Penetrated to the core with
  evil, conscious of sin far more than they are, he towers above them
  by his satanic force of purpose. Though ruined, as they are ruined,
  and by like causes, he maintains the dignity of mind and of volition.
  The right is on his side; the right of a tyrannicide, who has seen his
  own mistress, his own father, the wife of his friend, done to death by
  the brutalities of wanton princelings. But Tourneur did not choose to
  gift Vendice with elevation of nature. In the strongest scene of the
  play he showed this scorpion of revenge, stooping to feign a pander's
  part, tempting his mother and his sister as none but a moral leper
  could have done. In the minor scene of the duke's murder, he made
  him malicious beyond the scope of human cruelty and outrage. It was
  inherent apparently in this poet's conception of life that evil should
  be proclaimed predominant. His cynicism stands self-revealed in the
  sentence he puts into Antonio's mouth, condemning Vendice to death:--

      You that would murder him would murder me.

  Even justice, in his view, rests on egotism. And yet Tourneur has
  endowed Vendice with redeeming qualities. The hero of this crooked play
  is true to his ideal of duty, true to his sense of honour. He dies
  contented because he has perfected his revenge, preserved his sister's
  chastity, and converted his mother at the poniard's point. Where all
  are so bad and base, Vendice appears by comparison sublime. If we are
  to admire tone and keeping in a work of art, we certainly find it here;
  for the moral gradations are relentlessly scaled within the key of sin
  and pollution. The only character who stirs a pulse of sympathy is
  vicious. Castiza is a mere lay figure, and her mother one of the most
  repulsive personages of the Jacobean drama.

  Webster presents a larger mass of dramatic work to the critic.
  Beside the tragedies included in this volume, he wrote another
  tragedy, _Appius and Virginia_, a tragi-comedy entitled _The Devil's
  Law-case_, and is said to have had a share in the history-play of
  _Sir Thomas Wyatt_, and in three comedies, _Northward Ho, Westward
  Ho,_ and _A Cure for a Cuckold. The Devil's Law-case_ shows how
  much this playwright depended on material supplied him, and how
  little he could trust his own inventive faculty. It starts with an
  involved plot of Italian deceit and contemplated crime, which Webster
  develops in his careful but not very lucid manner. We feel that we
  are working toward some sinister _dénouement_, when suddenly, by a
  twist of the hand, a favourable turn is given to events, and the play
  ends happily--violating probability, artistic tone, and the ethical
  integrity of the chief character, Romelio. From _The Famous History
  of Sir Thomas Wyatt_ in its present mangled and misshapen form it is
  impossible to disengage Webster's handiwork with any certainty. The
  same may be said about the brisk and well-wrought pieces _Northward Ho_
  and _Westward Ho_. Yet I see no reason to dispute Webster's share in
  these three plays. _A Cure for a Cuckold_[2] requires more particular
  comment. This comedy was ascribed by the publisher Kirkman to John
  Webster and William Rowley. But the ascription stands for absolutely
  nothing, unless we can discover corroborative internal evidence of
  Webster's collaboration. Such evidence I do not find, although there
  is certainly nothing in the play to disprove Kirkman's assertions. It
  should be added that a delicate little piece of serio-comic workmanship
  lies embedded in the otherwise trashy _Cure for a Cuckold_. Mr. Edmund
  Gosse early saw and twice pointed out how easily this play within the
  play could be detached from the rest; and the Honourable S. E. Spring
  Rice has recently printed, at Mr. Daniel's private press, a beautiful
  edition of what, following Mr. Gosse's suggestion, he calls _Love's
  Graduate_. I should like to believe that "piece of silver-work," as
  Mr. Gosse has aptly called it, to be truly the creation of Webster,
  "the sculptor whose other groups are all in bronze." Indeed, there
  are no reasons why the belief should not be indulged, except that
  Kirkman's ascription carries but a feather's weight, and that there is
  nothing special in the style to warrant it. _Love's Graduate_, rescued
  from _A Cure for a Cuckold_ by pious hands, is one of the unclaimed
  masterpieces of this fruitful epoch.

  The great length of Webster's two Italian tragedies rendered it
  impossible to print _Appius and Virginia_ in this volume. That is much
  to be regretted; for without a study of his Roman play, justice can
  hardly be done to the scope and breadth of Webster's genius. Of _Appius
  and Virginia_ Mr. Dyce observed with excellent judgment: "this drama
  is so remarkable for its simplicity, its deep pathos, its unobtrusive
  beauties, its singleness of plot, and the easy, unimpeded march of
  its story, that perhaps there are readers who will prefer it to any
  other of our author's productions." Webster, who was a Latin scholar,
  probably studied the fable in Livy; but its outlines were familiar to
  English people through Painter's "Palace of Pleasure." He has drawn
  the mutinous camp before Algidum, the discontented city ruled by a
  licentious noble, the stern virtues of Icilius and Virginius, and the
  innocent girlhood of Virginia with a quiet mastery and self-restraint
  which prove that the violent contrasts of his Italian plays were
  calculated for a peculiar effect of romance. When treating a classical
  subject, he aimed at classical severity of form. The chief interest
  of the drama centres in Appius. This character suited Webster's vein.
  He delighted in the delineation of a bold, imperious tyrant, marching
  through crimes to the attainment of his lawless ends, yet never wholly
  despicable. He also loved to analyse the subtleties of a deep-brained
  intriguer, changing from open force to covert guile, fawning and
  trampling on the objects of his hate by turns, assuming the tone of
  diplomacy and the truculence of autocratic will at pleasure, on one
  occasion making the worse appear the better cause by rhetoric, on
  another espousing evil with reckless cynicism. The variations of such
  a character are presented with force and lucidity in _Appius_. Yet the
  whole play lacks those sudden flashes of illuminative beauty, those
  profound and searching glimpses into the bottomless abyss of human
  misery, which render Webster's two Italian tragedies unique. He seems
  to have been writing under self-imposed limitations, in order to obtain
  a certain desired effect--much in the same way as Ford did when he
  composed the irreproachable but somewhat chilling history of _Perkin

  The detailed criticism of Webster as a dramatist, and the study of his
  two chief tragedies in relation to their Italian sources, would lead me
  beyond the limits of this Introduction. He is not a poet to be dealt
  with by any summary method; for he touches the depths of human nature
  in ways that need the subtlest analysis for their proper explanation.
  I am, however, loth to close this introduction without a word or two
  concerning the peculiarities of Webster's dramatic style.[3] Owing to
  condensation of thought and compression of language, his plays offer
  considerable difficulties to readers who approach them for the first
  time. So many fantastic incidents are crowded into a single action, and
  the dialogue is burdened with so much profoundly studied matter, that
  the general impression is apt to be blurred. We rise from the perusal
  of his Italian tragedies with a deep sense of the poet's power and
  personality, an ineffaceable recollection of one or two resplendent
  scenes, and a clear conception of the leading characters. Meanwhile the
  outlines of the fable, the structure of the drama as a complete work
  of art, seem to elude our grasp. The persons, who have played their
  part upon the stage of our imagination, stand apart from one another,
  like figures in a _tableau vivant. Appius and Virginia_, indeed, proves
  that Webster understood the value of a simple plot, and that he was
  able to work one out with conscientious firmness. But in _Vittoria
  Corombona_ and _The Duchess of Malfi_, each part is etched with equal
  effort after luminous effect upon a murky background; and the whole
  play is a mosaic of these parts. It lacks the breadth which comes from
  concentration on a master-motive. We feel that the author had a certain
  depth of tone and intricacy of design in view, combining sensational
  effect and sententious pregnancy of diction in works of laboured art.
  It is probable that able representation upon the public stage of an
  Elizabethan theatre gave them the coherence, the animation, and the
  movement which a chamber-student misses. When familiarity has brought
  us acquainted with Webster's way of working, we perceive that he treats
  terrible and striking subjects with a concentrated vigour special to
  his genius. Each word and trait of character has been studied for a
  particular effect. Brief lightning flashes of acute self-revelation
  illuminate the midnight darkness of the lost souls he has painted.
  Flowers of the purest and most human pathos, like Giovanni de Medici's
  dialogue with his uncle in _Vittoria Corombona_, bloom by the
  charnel-house on which the poet's fancy loved to dwell. The culmination
  of these tragedies, setting like stormy suns in blood-red clouds, is
  prepared by gradual approaches and degrees of horror. No dramatist
  showed more consummate ability in heightening terrific effects, in
  laying bare the inner mysteries of crime, remorse, and pain combined
  to make men miserable. He seems to have had a natural bias toward the
  dreadful stuff with which he deals so powerfully. He was drawn to
  comprehend and reproduce abnormal elements of spiritual anguish. The
  materials with which he builds are sought for in the ruined places of
  abandoned lives, in the agonies of madness and despair, in the sarcasms
  of reckless atheism, in slow tortures, griefs beyond endurance,
  the tempests of sin-haunted conscience, the spasms of fratricidal
  bloodshed, the deaths of frantic hope-deserted criminals. He is often
  melodramatic in the means employed to bring these psychological
  elements of tragedy home to our imagination. He makes free use of
  poisoned engines, daggers, pistols, disguised murderers, masques, and
  nightmares. Yet his firm grasp upon the essential qualities of diseased
  and guilty human nature, his profound pity for the innocent who suffer
  shipwreck in the storm of evil passions not their own, save him, even
  at his gloomiest and wildest, from the unrealities and extravagances
  into which less potent artists--Tourneur, for example--blundered.
  That the tendency to brood on what is ghastly belonged to Webster's
  idiosyncrasy appears in his use of metaphor. He cannot say the simplest
  thing without giving it a sinister turn--as thus:

                                     You speak as if a man
      Should know what fowl is _coffined_ in a baked meat,
      Afore you cut it open.

      When knaves come to preferment, they rise _as gallowses
      are raised_ in the Low Countries, one upon another's

      Pleasure of life! what is't? only the _good hours of an

      I would sooner _eat a dead pigeon taken from the soles of
      the feet of one sick of the plague_ than kiss one of you

  In his dialogue, people bandy phrases like--"O you screech-owl!" and
  "Thou foul black cloud!" A sister warns her brother to think twice
  before committing suicide, with this weird admonition:--

                           I prithee, yet remember
      Millions are now in graves, which at last day
      Like mandrakes shall rise shrieking.

  But enough has now been said about these peculiarities of Webster's
  dramatic style. It is needful to become acclimatised to his specific
  mannerism, both in the way of working and the tone of thinking, before
  we can appreciate his real greatness as a dramatic poet and moralist.
  Then we recognise the truth of what has recently been written of him by
  an acute and sympathetic critic: "There is no poet morally nobler than



  _The White Divel; or, the Tragedy of Paulo Giordano Ursini, Duke of
  Brachiano, With the Life and Death of Vittoria Corombona, the famous
  Venetian Curtizan_, was printed in 1612, as acted by the Queen's
  servants, and again in 1631, 1665, and 1672. In 1707 Nahum Tate
  published an alteration called _Injured Love; or, the Cruel Husband_.

  Webster founded this play directly on the history of the Duke di
  Brachiano and his two wives, of whom the second, Vittoria Accorambaoni,
  was the widow of the nephew of Cardinal Montalto, afterwards Pope
  Sixtus V.


  In publishing this tragedy, I do but challenge to myself that liberty
  which other men have ta'en before me: not that I affect praise by it,
  for _nos hæc novimus esse nihil_;[5] only, since it was acted in so
  dull a time of winter, presented in so open and black a theatre, that
  it wanted (that which is the only grace and setting-out of a tragedy)
  a full and understanding auditory; and that, since that time, I have
  noted most of the people that come to that play-house resemble those
  ignorant asses who, visiting stationers' shops, their use is not to
  inquire for good books, but new books; I present it to the general view
  with this confidence,--

      Nec ronchos metues maligniorum,
      Nec scombris tunicas dabis molestas.[6]

  If it be objected this is no true dramatic poem, I shall easily confess
  it; _non potes in nugas dicere plura meas ipse ego quam dixi_.[7]
  Willingly, and not ignorantly, in this kind have I faulted: for, should
  a man present to such an auditory the most sententious tragedy that
  ever was written, observing all the critical laws, as height of style,
  and gravity of person, enrich it with the sententious Chorus, and, as
  it were, liven death in the passionate and weighty Nuntius; yet, after
  all this divine rapture, _O dura messorum ilia_,[8] the breath that
  comes from the uncapable multitude is able to poison it; and, ere it be
  acted, let the author resolve to fix to every scene this of Horace,

      Hæc porcis hodie comedenda relinques.[9]

  To those who report I was a long time in finishing this tragedy, I
  confess, I do not write with a goose quill winged with two feathers;
  and if they will needs make it my fault, I must answer them with that
  of Euripides to Alcestides,[10] a tragic writer. Alcestides objecting
  that Euripides had only, in three days, composed three verses, whereas
  himself had written three hundred, "Thou tellest truth," quoth he,
  "but here's the difference,--thine shall only be read for three days,
  whereas mine shall continue three ages."

  Detraction is the sworn friend to ignorance: for mine own part, I have
  ever truly cherished my good opinion of other men's worthy labours;
  especially of that full and heightened style of Master Chapman; the
  laboured and understanding works of Master Jonson; the no less worthy
  composures of the both worthily excellent Master Beaumont and Master
  Fletcher; and lastly (without wrong last to be named), the right happy
  and copious industry of Master Shakespeare, Master Dekker, and Master
  Heywood; wishing what I write may be read by their light; protesting
  that, in the strength of mine own judgment, I know them so worthy,
  that though I rest silent in my own work, yet to most of theirs I dare
  (without flattery) fix that of Martial,

      Non norunt hæc monumenta mori.[11]


  MONTICELSO, a Cardinal, afterwards Pope.

  Francisco de Medicis, Duke of Florence.

  BRACHIANO, otherwise Paulo Giordano Ursini, Duke of Brachiano, Husband

  GIOVANNI, his Son.



  FLAMINEO, Brother of VITTORIA, Secretary to BRACHIANO.














  Ambassadors, Physicians, Officers, Attendants, &c.


  VITTORIA COROMBONA, married first to CAMILLO, afterwards to BRACHIANO.


  ZANCHE, a Moor, Waiting-woman to VITTORIA.

  Matron of the House of Convertites.




  SCENE I.--_A Street in Rome._

   _Enter_ Count LODOVICO, ANTONELLI, _and_ GASPARO.

  _Lod._ Banished!

  _Ant._ It grieved me much to hear the sentence.

  _Lod._ Ha, ha! O Democritus, thy gods
  That govern the whole world! courtly reward
  And punishment. Fortune's a right whore:
  If she give aught, she deals it in small parcels,
  That she may take away all at one swoop.
  This 'tis to have great enemies:--God quit[12] them!
  Your wolf no longer seems to be a wolf
  Than when she's hungry.

  _Gasp._ You term those enemies
  Are men of princely rank.

  _Lod._ O, I pray for them:
  The violent thunder is adored by those
  Are pashed[13] in pieces by it.

  _Ant._ Come, my lord,
  You are justly doomed: look but a little back
  Into your former life; you have in three years
  Ruined the noblest earldom.

  _Gasp._ Your followers
  Have swallowed you like mummia[14] and, being sick
  With such unnatural and horrid physic,
  Vomit you up i' the kennel.

  _Ant._ All the damnable degrees
  Of drinkings have you staggered through: one citizen
  Is lord of two fair manors called you master
  Only for caviare.

  _Gasp._ Those noblemen
  Which were invited to your prodigal feasts
  (Wherein the phœnix scarce could scape your throats)
  Laugh at your misery; as fore-deeming you
  An idle meteor, which, drawn forth the earth,
  Would be soon lost i' the air.

  _Ant._ Jest upon you,
  And say you were begotten in an earthquake,
  You have ruined such fair lordships.

  _Lod._ Very good.
  This well goes with two buckets: I must tend
  The pouring out of either.

  _Gasp._ Worse than these;
  You have acted certain murders here in Rome,
  Bloody and full of horror.

  _Lod._ 'Las, they were flea-bitings.
  Why took they not my head, then?

  _Gasp._ O, my lord,
  The law doth sometimes mediate, thinks it good
  Not ever to steep violent sins in blood:
  This gentle penance may both end your crimes,
  And in the example better these bad times.

  _Lod._ So; but I wonder, then, some great men scape
  This banishment: there's Paulo Giordano Ursini,
  The Duke of Brachiano, now lives in Rome,
  And by close panderism seeks to prostitute
  The honour of Vittoria Corombona;
  Vittoria, she that might have got my pardon
  For one kiss to the duke.

  _Ant._ Have a full man within you.
  We see that trees bear no such pleasant fruit
  There where they grew first as where they are new set:
  Perfumes, the more they are chafed, the more they render
  Their pleasing scents; and so affliction
  Expresseth virtue fully, whether true
  Or else adulterate.

  _Lod._ Leave your painted comforts:
  I'll make Italian cut-works[15] in their guts,
  If ever I return.

  _Gasp._ O, sir!

  _Lod._ I am patient.
  I have seen some ready to be executed
  Give pleasant looks and money, and grown familiar
  With the knave hangman: so do I: I thank them,
  And would account them nobly merciful,
  Would they despatch me quickly.

  _Ant._ Fare you well:
  We shall find time, I doubt not, to repeal
  Your banishment.

  _Lod._ I am ever bound to you:
  This is the world's alms; pray, make use of it.
  Great men sell sheep thus to be cut in pieces,
  When first they have shorn them bare and sold their fleeces.

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in_ CAMILLO'S _House._

   _and_ Attendants.

  _Brach._ Your best of rest!

  _Vit. Cor._ Unto my lord, the duke,
  The best of welcome!--More lights! attend the duke.

  _Brach._ Flamineo,--

  _Flam._ My lord?

  _Brach._ Quite lost, Flamineo.

  _Flam._ Pursue your noble wishes, I am prompt.
  As lightning to your service. O, my lord,
  The fair Vittoria, my happy sister, [_Whispers._
  Shall give you present audience.--Gentlemen,
  Let the caroche[17] go on; and 'tis his pleasure
  You put out all your torches, and depart.
  [_Exeunt_ Attendants.

  _Brach._ Are we so happy?

  _Flam._ Can't be otherwise?
  Observed you not to-night, my honoured lord,
  Which way soe'er you went, she threw her eyes?
  I have dealt already with her chambermaid,
  Zanche the Moor; and she is wondrous proud
  To be the agent for so high a spirit.

  _Brach._ We are happy above thought, because 'bove merit.

  _Flam._ 'Bove merit!--we may now talk freely--'bove merit! What is't
  you doubt? her coyness? that's but the superficies of lust most women
  have: yet why should ladies blush to hear that named which they do not
  fear to handle? O, they are politic: they know our desire is increased
  by the difficulty of enjoying; whereas satiety is a blunt, weary, and
  drowsy passion. If the buttery-hatch at court stood continually open,
  there would be nothing so passionate crowding, nor hot suit after the

  _Brach._ O, but her jealous husband.

  _Flam._ Hang him! a gilder that hath his brains perished with
  quick-silver is not more cold in the liver: the great barriers moulted
  not more feathers[18] than he hath shed hairs, by the confession of his
  doctor: an Irish gamester that will play himself naked, and then wage
  all downwards at hazard, is not more venturous: so unable to please
  a woman, that, like a Dutch doublet, all his back is shrunk into his
  Shrowd you within this closet, good my lord:
  Some trick now must be thought on to divide
  My brother-in-law from his fair bedfellow.

  _Brach._ O, should she fail to come!

  _Flam._ I must not have your lordship thus unwisely amorous. I myself
  have loved a lady, and pursued her with a great deal of under-age
  protestation, whom some three or four gallants that have enjoyed
  would with all their hearts have been glad to have been rid of: 'tis
  just like a summer birdcage in a garden; the birds that are without
  despair to get in, and the birds that are within despair, and are in
  a consumption, for fear they shall never get out. Away, away, my lord!
  [_Exit_ BRACHIANO.
  See, here he comes. This fellow by his apparel
  Some men would judge a politician;
  But call his wit in question, you shall find it
  Merely an ass in's foot-cloth.[19]

   _Re-enter_ CAMILLO.[20]

                                   How now, brother!
  What, travelling to bed to your kind wife?

  _Cam._ I assure you, brother, no; my voyage lies
  More northerly, in a far colder clime:
  I do not well remember, I protest,
  When I last lay with her.

  _Flam._ Strange you should lose your count.

  _Cam._ We never lay together, but ere morning
  There grew a flaw[21] between us.

  _Flam._ 'Thad been your part
  To have made up that flaw.

  _Cam._ True, but she loathes
  I should be seen in't.

  _Flam._ Why, sir, what's the matter?

  _Cam._ The duke, your master, visits me, I thank him;
  And I perceive how, like an earnest bowler,
  He very passionately leans that way
  He should have his bowl run.

  _Flam._ I hope you do not think--

  _Cam._ That noblemen bowl booty?[22] faith, his cheek
  Hath a most excellent bias; it would fain
  Jump with my mistress.[23]

  _Flam._ Will you be an ass,
  Despite your Aristotle? or a cuckold,
  Contrary to your Ephemerides,
  Which shows you under what a smiling planet
  You were first swaddled?

  _Cam._ Pew-wew, sir, tell not me
  Of planets nor of Ephemerides:
  A man may be made a cuckold in the day-time,
  When the stars' eyes are out.

  _Flam._ Sir, God b' wi' you;
  I do commit you to your pitiful pillow
  Stuffed with horn-shavings.

  _Cam._ Brother,--

  _Flam._ God refuse me,
  Might I advise you now, your only course
  Were to lock up your wife.

  _Cam._ 'Twere very good.

  _Flam._ Bar her the sight of revels.

  _Cam._ Excellent.

  _Flam._ Let her not go to church, but like a hound
  In lyam[24] at your heels.

  _Cam._ 'Twere for her honour.

  _Flam._ And so you should be certain in one fortnight
  Despite her chastity or innocence,
  To be cuckolded, which yet is in suspense:
  This is my counsel, and I ask no fee for't.

  _Cam._ Come, you know not where my night-cap wrings me.

  _Flam._ Wear it o' the old fashion; let your large ears come through,
  it will be more easy:--nay, I will be bitter:--bar your wife of her
  entertainment: women are more willingly and more gloriously chaste when
  they are least restrained of their liberty. It seems you would be a
  fine capricious mathematically jealous coxcomb; take the height of your
  own horns with a Jacob's staff[25] afore they are up. These politic
  inclosures for paltry mutton make more rebellion in the flesh than all
  the provocative electuaries doctors have uttered[26] since last jubilee.

  _Cam._ This doth not physic me.

  _Flam._ It seems you are jealous: I'll show you the error of it by a
  familiar example. I have seen a pair of spectacles fashioned with such
  perspective art, that, lay down but one twelve pence o' the board,
  'twill appear as if there were twenty; now, should you wear a pair of
  these spectacles, and see your wife tying her shoe, you would imagine
  twenty hands were taking up of your wife's clothes, and this would put
  you into a horrible causeless fury.

  _Cam._ The fault there, sir, is not in the eyesight.

  _Flam._ True; but they that have the yellow jaundice think all objects
  they look on to be yellow. Jealousy is worser; her fits present to a
  man, like so many bubbles in a bason of water, twenty several crabbed
  faces; many times makes his own shadow his cuckold-maker. See, she


  What reason have you to be jealous of this creature? what an ignorant
  ass or flattering knave might he be counted, that should write sonnets
  to her eyes, or call her brow the snow of Ida or ivory of Corinth,
  or compare her hair to the blackbird's bill, when 'tis liker the
  blackbird's feather! This is all; be wise, I will make you friends; and
  you shall go to bed together. Marry, look you, it shall not be your
  seeking; do you stand upon that by any means: walk you aloof; I would
  not have you seen in't. [CAMILLO _retires._] Sister, my lord attends
  you in the banqueting-house. Your husband is wondrous discontented.

  _Vit. Cor._ I did nothing to displease him: I carved to him at

  _Flam._ You need not have carved him, in faith; they say he is a capon
  already. I must now seemingly fall out with you. Shall a gentleman so
  well descended as Camillo,--a lousy slave, that within this twenty
  years rode with the black guard[28] in the duke's carriage, 'mongst
  spits and dripping-pans--

  _Cam._ Now he begins to tickle her.

  _Flam._ An excellent scholar,--one that hath a head filled with
  calves-brains without any sage in them,--come crouching in the hams to
  you for a night's lodging?--that hath an itch in's hams, which like the
  fire at the glass-house hath not gone out this seven years.--Is he not
  a courtly gentleman?--when he wears white satin, one would take him
  by his black muzzle to be no other creature than a maggot.--You are a
  goodly foil, I confess, well set out--but covered with a false stone,
  yon counterfeit diamond.[29]

  _Cam._ He will make her know what is in me.

  _Flam._ Come, my lord attends you; thou shalt go to bed to my lord--

  _Cam._ Now he comes to't.

  _Flam._ With a relish as curious as a vintner going to taste new
  wine.--I am opening your case hard. [_To_ CAMILLO.

  _Cam._ A virtuous brother, o' my credit!

  _Flam._ He will give thee a ring with a philosopher's stone in it.

  _Cam._ Indeed, I am studying alchymy.

  _Flam._ Thou shalt lie in a bed stuffed with turtles' feathers; swoon
  in perfumed linen, like the fellow was smothered in roses. So perfect
  shall be thy happiness, that, as men at sea think land and trees and
  ships go that way they go, so both Heaven and earth shall seem to go
  your voyage. Shall't meet him; 'tis fixed with nails of diamonds to
  inevitable necessity.

  _Vit. Cor._ How shall's rid him hence?

  _Flam._ I will put the breeze in's tail,--set him gadding
  presently.--[_To_ CAMILLO] I have almost wrought her to it, I find her
  coming: but, might I advise you now, for this night I would not lie
  with her; I would cross her humour to make her more humble.

  _Cam._ Shall I, shall I?

  _Flam._ It will show in you a supremacy of judgment.

  _Cam._ True, and a mind differing from the tumultuary opinion; for,
  _quæ negata, grata_.

  _Flam._ Right: you are the adamant[30] shall draw her to you, though
  you keep distance off.

  _Cam._ A philosophical reason.

  _Flam._ Walk by her o' the nobleman's fashion, and tell her you will
  lie with her at the end of the progress.[31]

  _Cam._ [_Coming forward._] Vittoria, I cannot be induced, or, as a man
  would say, incited--

  _Vit. Cor._ To do what, sir?

  _Cam._ To lie with you to-night. Your silkworm useth to fast every
  third day, and the next following spins the better. To-morrow at night
  I am for you.

  _Vit. Cor._ You'll spin a fair thread, trust to't.

  _Flam._ But, do you hear, I shall have you steal to her chamber about

  _Cam._ Do you think so? why, look you, brother, because you shall not
  think I'll gull you, take the key, lock me into the chamber, and say
  you shall be sure of me.

  _Flam._ In troth, I will; I'll be your gaoler once. But have you ne'er
  a false door?

  _Cam._ A pox on't, as I am a Christian. Tell me to-morrow how scurvily
  she takes my unkind parting.

  _Flam._ I will.

  _Cam._ Didst thou not mark the jest of the silkworm? Good-night: in
  faith, I will use this trick often.

  _Flam._ Do, do, do. [_Exit_ CAMILLO; _and_ FLAMINEO _locks the door
  on him._] So now you are safe.--Ha, ha, ha! thou entanglest thyself
  in thine own work like a silkworm. Come, sister; darkness hides your
  blush. Women are like curst dogs: civility keeps them tied all daytime,
  but they are let loose at midnight; then they do most good, or most
  mischief.--My lord, my lord!

   _Re-enter_ BRACHIANO. ZANCHE _brings out a carpet, spreads it, and
   lays on it two fair cushions._

  _Brach._ Give credit, I could wish time would stand still,
  And never end this interview, this hour:
  But all delight doth itself soon'st devour.

   _Enter_ CORNELIA _behind, listening._

  Let me into your bosom, happy lady,
  Pour out, instead of eloquence, my vows:
  Loose me not, madam; for, if you forego me,
  I am lost eternally.

  _Vit. Cor._ Sir, in the way of pity,
  I wish you heart-whole.

  _Brach._ You are a sweet physician.

  _Vit. Cor._ Sure, sir, a loathèd cruelty in ladies
  Is as to doctors many funerals;
  It takes away their credit.

  _Brach._ Excellent creature!
  We call the cruel fair: what name for you
  That are so merciful?

  _Zan._ See, now they close.

  _Flam._ Most happy union.

  _Cor._ My fears are fall'n upon me: O, my heart!
  My son the pander! now I find our house
  Sinking to ruin. Earthquakes leave behind,
  Where they have tyrannised, iron, lead, or stone;
  But, woe to ruin, violent lust leaves none!

  _Brach._ What value is this jewel?

  _Vit. Cor._ 'Tis the ornament
  Of a weak fortune.

  _Brach._ In sooth, I'll have it; nay, I will but change
  My jewel for your jewel.

  _Flam._ Excellent!
  His jewel for her jewel:--well put in, duke.

  _Brach._ Nay, let me see you wear it.

  _Vit. Cor._ Here, sir?

  _Brach._ Nay, lower, you shall wear my jewel lower.

  _Flam._ That's better; she must wear his jewel lower.

  _Vit. Cor._ To pass away the time, I'll tell your grace
  A dream I had last night.

  _Brach._ Most wishedly.

  _Vit. Cor._ A foolish idle dream.
  Methought I walked about the mid of night
  Into a church-yard, where a goodly yew-tree
  Spread her large root in ground. Under that yew,
  As I sate sadly leaning on a grave
  Chequered with cross sticks, there came stealing in
  Your duchess and my husband: one of them
  A pick-axe bore, the other a rusty spade;
  And in rough terms they gan to challenge me
  About this yew.

  _Brach._ That tree?

  _Vit. Cor._ This harmless yew:
  They told me my intent was to root up
  That well-grown yew, and plant i' the stead of it
  A withered blackthorn; and for that they vowed
  To bury me alive. My husband straight
  With pick-axe gan to dig, and your fell duchess
  With shovel, like a Fury, voided out
  The earth, and scattered bones. Lord, how, methought,
  I trembled! and yet, for all this terror,
  I could not pray.

  _Flam._ No; the devil was in your dream.

  _Vit. Cor._ When to my rescue there arose, methought,
  A whirlwind, which let fall a massy arm
  From that strong plant;
  And both were struck dead by that sacred yew,
  In that base shallow grave that was their due.

  _Flam._ Excellent devil! she hath taught him in a dream
  To make away his duchess and her husband.

  _Brach._ Sweetly shall I interpret this your dream.
  You are lodged within his arms who shall protect you
  From all the fevers of a jealous husband;
  From the poor envy of our phlegmatic duchess.
  I'll seat you above law, and above scandal;
  Give to your thoughts the invention of delight,
  And the fruition; nor shall government
  Divide me from you longer than a care
  To keep you great: you shall to me at once
  Be dukedom, health, wife, children, friends, and all.

  _Cor._ [_Coming forward_].
  Woe to light hearts, they still fore-run our fall!

  _Flam._ What Fury raised thee up?--Away, away!
  [_Exit_ ZANCHE.

  _Cor._ What make you here, my lord, this dead of night?
  Never dropped mildew on a flower here
  Till now.

  _Flam._ I pray, will you go to bed, then,
  Lest you be blasted?

  _Cor._ O, that this fair garden
  Had with all poisoned herbs of Thessaly
  At first been planted; made a nursery
  For witchcraft, rather than a burial plot
  For both your honours!

  _Vit. Cor._ Dearest mother, hear me.

  _Cor._ O, thou dost make my brow bend to the earth,
  Sooner than nature! See, the curse of children!
  In life they keep us frequently in tears;
  And in the cold grave leave us in pale fears.

  _Brach._ Come, come, I will not hear you.

  _Vit. Cor._ Dear, my lord,--

  _Cor._ Where is thy duchess now, adulterous duke?
  Thou little dreamd'st this night she is come to Rome.

  _Flam._ How! come to Rome!

  _Vit. Cor._ The duchess!

  _Brach._ She had been better--

  _Cor._ The lives of princes should like dials move,
  Whose regular example is so strong,
  They make the times by them go right or wrong.

  _Flam._ So; have you done?

  _Cor._ Unfortunate Camillo!

  _Vit. Cor._ I do protest, if any chaste denial,
  If anything but blood could have allayed
  His long suit to me--

  _Cor._ I will join with thee,
  To the most woeful end e'er mother kneeled:
  If thou dishonour thus thy husband's bed,
  Be thy life short as are the funeral tears
  In great men's--

  _Brach._ Fie, fie, the woman's mad.

  _Cor._ Be thy act, Judas-like,--betray in kissing:
  Mayst thou be envied during his short breath,
  And pitied like a wretch after his death!

  _Vit. Cor._ O me accursed! [_Exit._

  _Flam._ Are you out of your wits, my lord?
  I'll fetch her back again.

  _Brach._ No, I'll to bed:
  Send Doctor Julio to me presently.--
  Uncharitable woman! thy rash tongue
  Hath raised a fearful and prodigious storm:
  Be thou the cause of all ensuing harm. [_Exit._

  _Flam._ Now, you that stand so much upon your honour,
  Is this a fitting time o' night, think you,
  To send a duke home without e'er a man?
  I would fain know where lies the mass of wealth
  Which you have hoarded for my maintenance,
  That I may bear my beard out of the level
  Of my lord's stirrup.

  _Cor._ What! because we are poor
  Shall we be vicious?

  _Flam._ Pray, what means have you
  To keep me from the galleys or the gallows?
  My father proved himself a gentleman,
  Sold all's land, and, like a fortunate fellow,
  Died ere the money was spent. You brought me up
  At Padua, I confess, where, I protest,
  For want of means (the university judge me)
  I have been fain to heel my tutor's stockings,
  At least seven years: conspiring with a beard,
  Made me a graduate; then to this duke's service.
  I visited the court, whence I returned
  More courteous, more lecherous by far,
  But not a suit the richer: and shall I,
  Having a path so open and so free
  To my preferment, still retain your milk
  In my pale forehead? no, this face of mine
  I'll arm, and fortify with lusty wine,
  'Gainst shame and blushing.

  _Cor._ O, that I ne'er had borne thee.

  _Flam._ So would I;
  I would the common'st courtezan in Rome
  Had been my mother, rather than thyself.
  Nature is very pitiful to whores,
  To give them but few children, yet those children
  Plurality of fathers: they are sure
  They shall not want. Go, go,
  Complain unto my great lord cardinal;
  Yet may be he will justify the act.
  Lycurgus wondered much men would provide
  Good stallions for their mares, and yet would suffer
  Their fair wives to be barren.

  _Cor._ Misery of miseries! [_Exit._

  _Flam._ The duchess come to court! I like not that.
  We are engaged to mischief, and must on:
  As rivers to find out the ocean
  Flow with crook bendings beneath forcèd banks;
  Or as we see, to aspire some mountain's top,
  The way ascends not straight, but imitates
  The subtle foldings of a winter snake;
  So who knows policy and her true aspect,
  Shall find her ways winding and indirect.


  SCENE I.--_A Room in_ FRANCISCO'S _Palace._

   GIOVANNI, _with_ JAQUES _the Moor._

  _Fran. de Med._ Have you not seen your husband since you arrived?

  _Isab._ Not yet, sir.

  _Fran. de Med._ Surely he is wondrous kind:
  If I had such a dove-house as Camillo's,
  I would set fire on't, were't but to destroy
  The pole-cats that haunt to it.--My sweet cousin!

  _Giov._ Lord uncle, you did promise me a horse
  And armour.

  _Fran. de Med._ That I did, my pretty cousin.--
  Marcello, see it fitted.

  _Mar._ My lord, the duke is here.

  _Fran. de Med._ Sister, away! you must not yet be seen.

  _Isab._ I do beseech you,
  Entreat him mildly; let not your rough tongue
  Set us at louder variance: all my wrongs
  Are freely pardoned; and I do not doubt,
  As men, to try the precious unicorn's horn,[32]
  Make of the powder a preservative circle,
  And in it put a spider, so these arms
  Shall charm his poison, force it to obeying,
  And keep him chaste from an infected straying.

  _Fran. de Med._ I wish it may. Be gone, void the chamber.

   _Enter_ BRACHIANO _and_ FLAMINEO.

  You are welcome: will you sit?--I pray, my lord,
  Be you my orator, my heart's too full;
  I'll second you anon.

  _Mont._ Ere I begin,
  Let me entreat your grace forego all passion,
  Which may be raisèd by my free discourse.

  _Brach._ As silent as i' the church: you may proceed.

  _Mont._ It is a wonder to your noble friends,
  That you, having, as 'twere, entered the world
  With a free sceptre in your able hand,
  And to the use of nature well applied
  High gifts of learning, should in your prime age
  Neglect your awful throne for the soft down
  Of an insatiate bed. O, my lord,
  The drunkard after all his lavish cups
  Is dry, and then is sober; so at length,
  When you awake from this lascivious dream,
  Repentance then will follow, like the sting
  Placed in the adder's tail. Wretched are princes
  When fortune blasteth but a petty flower
  Of their unwieldy crowns, or ravisheth
  But one pearl from their sceptres: but, alas,
  When they to wilful shipwreck lose good fame,
  All princely titles perish with their name.

  _Brach._ You have said, my lord.

  _Mont._ Enough to give you taste
  How far I am from flattering your greatness.

  _Brach._ Now you that are his second, what say you?
  Do not like young hawks fetch a course about:
  Your game flies fair and for you.

  _Fran. de Med._ Do not fear it:
  I'll answer you in your own hawking phrase.
  Some eagles that should gaze upon the sun
  Seldom soar high, but take their lustful ease;
  Since they from dunghill birds their prey can seize.
  You know Vittoria!

  _Brach._ Yes.

  _Fran. de Med._ You shift your shirt there,
  When you retire from tennis?

  _Brach._ Happily.[33]

  _Fran. de Med._ Her husband is lord of a poor fortune;
  Yet she wears cloth of tissue.

  _Brach._ What of this?--
  Will you urge that, my good lord cardinal,
  As part of her confession at next shrift,
  And know from whence it sails?

  _Fran. de Med._ She is your strumpet.

  _Brach._ Uncivil sir, there's hemlock in thy breath,
  And that black slander. Were she a whore of mine,
  All thy loud cannons, and thy borrowed Switzers,
  Thy galleys, nor thy sworn confederates,
  Durst not supplant her.

  _Fran. de Med._ Let's not talk on thunder.
  Thou hast a wife, our sister: would I had given
  Both her white hands to death, bound and locked fast.
  In her last winding-sheet, when I gave thee
  But one!

  _Brach._ Thou hadst given a soul to God, then.

  _Fran. de Med._ True:
  Thy ghostly father, with all's absolution,
  Shall ne'er do so by thee.

  _Brach._ Spit thy poison.

  _Fran. de Med._ I shall not need; lust carries her sharp whip
  At her own girdle. Look to't, for our anger
  Is making thunder-bolts.

  _Brach._ Thunder! in faith,
  They are but crackers.

  _Fran. de Med._ We'll end this with the cannon.

  _Brach._ Thou'lt get naught by it but iron in thy wounds,
  And gunpowder in thy nostrils.

  _Fran. de Med._ Better that,
  Than change perfumes for plasters.

  _Brach._ Pity on thee:
  'Twere good you'd show your slaves or men condemned
  Your new-ploughed forehead-defiance! And I'll meet thee,
  Even in a thicket of thy ablest men.

  _Mont._ My lords, you shall not word it any further
  Without a milder limit.

  _Fran. de Med._ Willingly.

  _Brach._ Have you proclaimed a triumph, that you bait
  A lion thus!

  _Mont._ My lord!

  _Brach._ I am tame, I am tame, sir.

  _Fran. de Med._ We send unto the duke for conference
  'Bout levies 'gainst the pirates; my lord duke
  Is not at home: we come ourself in person;
  Still my lord duke is busied. But we fear,
  When Tiber to each prowling passenger
  Discovers flocks of wild ducks; then, my lord,
  'Bout moulting time I mean, we shall be certain
  To find you sure enough, and speak with you.

  _Brach._ Ha!

  _Fran. de Med._ A mere tale of a tub, my words are idle;
  But to express the sonnet by natural reason,--
  When stags grow melancholic, you'll find the season.

  _Mont._ No more, my lord: here comes a champion
  Shall end the difference between you both,--

   _Re-enter_ GIOVANNI.

  Your son, the Prince Giovanni. See, my lords,
  What hopes you store in him: this is a casket
  For both your crowns, and should be held like dear.
  Now is he apt for knowledge; therefore know,
  It is a more direct and even way
  To train to virtue those of princely blood
  By examples than by precepts: if by examples,
  Whom should he rather strive to imitate
  Than his own father? be his pattern, then;
  Leave him a stock of virtue that may last,
  Should fortune rend his sails and split his mast.

  _Brach._ Your hand, boy: growing to a soldier?

  _Giov._ Give me a pike.

  _Fran. de Med._ What, practising your pike so young, fair cuz?

  _Giov._ Suppose me one of Homer's frogs, my lord,
  Tossing my bullrush thus. Pray, sir, tell me,
  Might not a child of good discretion
  Be leader to an army?

  _Fran. de Med._ Yes, cousin, a young prince
  Of good discretion might.

  _Giov._ Say you so?
  Indeed, I have heard, 'tis fit a general
  Should not endanger his own person oft;
  So that he make a noise when he's o' horseback,
  Like a Dansk[34] drummer,--O, 'tis excellent!--
  He need not fight:--methinks his horse as well
  Might lead an army for him. If I live,
  I'll charge the French foe in the very front
  Of all my troops, the foremost man.

  _Fran. de Med._ What, what!

  _Giov._ And will not bid my soldiers up and follow,
  But bid them follow me.

  _Brach._ Forward, lapwing!
  He flies with the shell on's head.[35]

  _Fran. de Med._ Pretty cousin!

  _Giov._ The first year, uncle, that I go to war,
  All prisoners that I take I will set free
  Without their ransom.

  _Fran. de Med._ Ha, without their ransom!
  How, then, will you reward your soldiers
  That took those prisoners for you?

  _Giov._ Thus, my lord;
  I'll marry them to all the wealthy widows
  That fall that year.

  _Fran. de Med._ Why, then, the next year following,
  You'll have no men to go with you to war.

  _Giov._ Why, then, I'll press the women to the war,
  And then the men will follow.

  _Mont._ Witty prince!

  _Fran. de Med._ See, a good habit makes a child a man,
  Whereas a bad one makes a man a beast.
  Come, you and I are friends.

  _Brach._ Most wishedly;
  Like bones which, broke in sunder, and well set,
  Knit the more strongly.

  _Fran. de Med._ Call Camillo hither.
  [_Exit_ MARCELLO.
  You have received the rumour, how Count Lodowick
  Is turned a pirate?

  _Brach._ Yes.

  _Fran. de Med._ We are now preparing
  Some ships to fetch him in. Behold your duchess.
  We now will leave you, and expect from you
  Nothing but kind entreaty.

  _Brach._ You have charmed me.
  _and_ GIOVANNI. FLAMINEO _retires._

   _Re-enter_ ISABELLA.

  You are in health, we see.

  _Isab._ And above health,
  To see my lord well.

  _Brach._ So. I wonder much
  What amorous whirlwind hurried you to Rome.

  _Isab._ Devotion, my lord.

  _Brach._ Devotion!
  Is your soul charged with any grievous sin?

  _Isab._ 'Tis burdened with too many; and I think,
  The oftener that we cast our reckonings up,
  Our sleeps will be the sounder.

  _Brach._ Take your chamber.

  _Isab._ Nay, my dear lord, I will not have you angry:
  Doth not my absence from you, now two months,
  Merit one kiss?

  _Brach._ I do not use to kiss:
  If that will dispossess your jealousy,
  I'll swear it to you.

  _Isab._ O my lovèd lord,
  I do not come to chide: my jealousy!
  I am to learn what that Italian means.
  You are as welcome to these longing arms
  As I to you a virgin.

  _Brach._ O, your breath!
  Out upon sweet-meats and continued physic,--
  The plague is in them!

  _Isab._ You have oft, for these two lips,
  Neglected cassia or the natural sweets
  Of the spring-violet: they are not yet much withered.
  My lord, I should be merry: these your frowns
  Show in a helmet lovely; but on me,
  In such a peaceful interview, methinks
  They are too-too roughly knit.

  _Brach._ O, dissemblance!
  Do you bandy factions 'gainst me? have you learnt
  The trick of impudent baseness, to complain
  Unto your kindred?

  _Isab._ Never, my dear lord.

  _Brach._ Must I be hunted out? or was't your trick
  To meet some amorous gallant here in Rome,
  That must supply our discontinuance?

  _Isab._ I pray, sir, burst my heart; and in my death
  Turn to your ancient pity, though not love.

  _Brach._ Because your brother is the corpulent duke,
  That is, the great duke, 'sdeath, I shall not shortly
  Racket away five hundred crowns at tennis,
  But it shall rest upon record! I scorn him
  Like a shaved Polack[36] all his reverend wit
  Lies in his wardrobe; he's a discreet fellow
  When he is made up in his robes of state.
  Your brother, the great duke, because h'as galleys,
  And now and then ransacks a Turkish fly-boat,
  (Now all the hellish Furies take his soul!)
  First made this match: accursèd be the priest
  That sang the wedding-mass, and even my issue!

  _Isab._ O, too-too far you have cursed!

  _Brach._ Your hand I'll kiss;
  This is the latest ceremony of my love.
  Henceforth I'll never lie with thee; by this,
  This wedding-ring, I'll ne'er more lie with thee:
  And this divorce shall be as truly kept
  As if the judge had doomed it. Fare you well:
  Our sleeps are severed.

  _Isab._ Forbid it, the sweet union
  Of all things blessèd! why, the saints in Heaven
  Will knit their brows at that.

  _Brach._ Let not thy love
  Make thee an unbeliever; this my vow
  Shall never, on my soul, be satisfied
  With my repentance; let thy brother rage
  Beyond a horrid tempest or sea-fight,
  My vow is fixèd.

  _Isab._ O my winding-sheet!
  Now shall I need thee shortly.--Dear my lord,
  Let me hear once more what I would not hear:

  _Brach._ Never.

  _Isab._ O my unkind lord! may your sins find mercy,
  As I upon a woful widowed bed
  Shall pray for you, if not to turn your eyes
  Upon your wretched wife and hopeful son,
  Yet that in time you'll fix them upon Heaven!

  _Brach._ No more: go, go complain to the great duke.

  _Isab._ No, my dear lord; you shall have present witness
  How I'll work peace between you. I will make
  Myself the author of your cursèd vow;
  I have some cause to do, you have none.
  Conceal it, I beseech you, for the weal
  Of both your dukedoms, that you wrought the means
  Of such a separation: let the fault
  Remain with my supposèd jealousy;
  And think with what a piteous and rent heart
  I shall perform this sad ensuing part.


  _Brach._ Well, take your course.--My honourable brother!

  _Fran. de Med._ Sister!--This is not well, my lord.--Why, sister!--
  She merits not this welcome.

  _Brach._ Welcome, say!
  She hath given a sharp welcome.

  _Fran. de Med._ Are you foolish?
  Come, dry your tears: is this a modest course,
  To better what is naught, to rail and weep?
  Grow to a reconcilement, or, by Heaven,
  I'll ne'er more deal between you.

  _Isab._ Sir, you shall not;
  No, though Vittoria, upon that condition,
  Would become honest.

  _Fran. de Med._ Was your husband loud
  Since we departed?

  _Isab._ By my life, sir, no;
  I swear by that I do not care to lose.
  Are all these ruins of my former beauty
  Laid out for a whore's triumph?

  _Fran. de Med._ Do you hear?
  Look upon other women, with what patience
  They suffer these slight wrongs, with what justice
  They study to requite them: take that course.

  _Isab._ O, that I were a man, or that I had power
  To execute my apprehended wishes!
  I would whip some with scorpions.

  _Fran. de Med._ What! turned Fury!

  _Isab._ To dig the strumpet's eyes out; let her lie
  Some twenty months a dying; to cut off
  Her nose and lips, pull out her rotten teeth;
  Preserve her flesh like mummia, for trophies
  Of my just anger! Hell to my affliction
  Is mere snow-water. By your favour, sir;--
  Brother, draw near, and my lord cardinal;--
  Sir, let me borrow of you but one kiss:
  Henceforth I'll never lie with you, by this,
  This wedding-ring.

  _Fran. de Med._ How, ne'er more lie with him!

  _Isab._ And this divorce shall be as truly kept
  As if in throngèd court a thousand ears
  Had heard it, and a thousand lawyers' hands
  Sealed to the separation.

  _Brach._ Ne'er lie with me!

  _Isab._ Let not my former dotage
  Make thee an unbeliever: this my vow
  Shall never, on my soul, be satisfied
  With my repentance; _manet alia mente repostum_.[37]

  _Fran. de Med._ Now, by my birth, you are a foolish, mad,
  And jealous woman.

  _Brach._ You see 'tis not my seeking.

  _Fran. de Med._ Was this your circle of pure unicorn's horn
  You said should charm your lord? now, horns upon thee,
  For jealousy deserves them! Keep your vow
  And take your chamber.

  _Isab._ No, sir, I'll presently to Padua;
  I will not stay a minute.

  _Mont._ O good madam!

  _Brach._ 'Twere best to let her have her humour:
  Some half day's journey will bring down her stomach,
  And then she'll turn in post.

  _Fran. de Med._ To see her come
  To my lord cardinal for a dispensation
  Of her rash vow, will beget excellent laughter.

  _Isab._ Unkindness, do thy office; poor heart, break:
  Those are the killing griefs which dare not speak.

   _Re-enter_ MARCELLO _with_ CAMILLO.

  _Mar._ Camillo's come, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ Where's the commission?

  _Mar._ 'Tis here.

  _Fran. de Med._ Give me the signet. [FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS, MONTICELSO,
  CAMILLO, _and_ MARCELLO _retire to the back of the stage._

  _Flam._ My lord, do you mark their whispering? I will compound a
  medicine, out of their two heads, stronger than garlic, deadlier than
  stibium:[38] the cantharides, which are scarce seen to stick upon the
  flesh when they work to the heart, shall not do it with more silence or
  invisible cunning.

  _Brach._ About the murder?

  _Flam._ They are sending him to Naples, but I'll send him to Candy.

   _Enter_ Doctor.

  Here's another property too.

  _Brach._ O, the doctor!

  _Flam._ A poor quack-salving knave, my lord; one that should have
  been lashed for's lechery, but that he confessed a judgment, had an
  execution laid upon him, and so put the whip to a _non plus_.

  _Doc._ And was cozened, my lord, by an arranter knave than myself, and
  made pay all the colourable execution.

  _Flam._ He will shoot pills into a man's guts shall make them have more
  ventages than a cornet or a lamprey; he will poison a kiss; and was
  once minded, for his master-piece, because Ireland breeds no poison, to
  have prepared a deadly vapour in a Spaniard's fart, that should have
  poisoned all Dublin.

  _Brach._ O, Saint Anthony's fire.

  _Doc._ Your secretary is merry, my lord.

  _Flam._ O thou cursed antipathy to nature!--Look, his eye's bloodshed,
  like a needle a surgeon stitcheth a wound with.--Let me embrace thee,
  toad, and love thee, O thou abominable loathsome[39] gargarism, that
  will fetch up lungs, lights, heart, and liver, by scruples!

  _Brach._ No more.--I must employ thee, honest doctor:
  You must to Padua, and by the way,
  Use some of your skill for us.

  _Doc._ Sir, I shall.

  _Brach._ But, for Camillo?

  _Flam._ He dies this night, by such a politic strain,
  Men shall suppose him by's own engine slain.
  But for your duchess' death--

  _Doc._ I'll make her sure.

  _Brach._ Small mischiefs are by greater made secure.

  _Flam._ Remember this, you slave; when knaves come to preferment, they
  rise as gallowses are raised i' the Low Countries, one upon another's
  shoulders. [_Exeunt_ BRACHIANO, FLAMINEO, _and_ Doctor.

  SCENE II.--_The same._


  _Mont._ Here is an emblem, nephew, pray peruse it:
  'Twas thrown in at your window.

  _Cam._ At my window!
  Here is a stag, my lord, hath shed his horns,
  And, for the loss of them, the poor beast weeps:
  The word,[40] _Inopem me copia fecit_.[41]

  _Mont._ That is,
  Plenty of horns hath made him poor of horns.

  _Cam._ What should this mean?

  _Mont._ I'll tell you: 'tis given out
  You are a cuckold.

  _Cam._ Is it given out so?
  I had rather such report as that, my lord,
  Should keep within doors.

  _Fran. de Med._ Have you any children?

  _Cam._ None, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ You are the happier:
  I'll tell you a tale.

  _Cam._ Pray, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ An old tale.
  Upon a time Phœbus, the god of light,
  Or him we call the Sun, would needs be married:
  The gods gave their consent, and Mercury
  Was sent to voice it to the general world.
  But what a piteous cry there straight arose
  Amongst smiths and felt-makers, brewers and cooks,
  Reapers and butterwomen, amongst fishmongers,
  And thousand other trades, which are annoyed
  By his excessive heat! 'twas lamentable.
  They came to Jupiter all in a sweat,
  And do forbid the bans. A great fat cook
  Was made their speaker, who entreats of Jove
  That Phœbus might be gelded; for, if now,
  When there was but one sun, so many men
  Were like to perish by his violent heat,
  What should they do if he were married,
  And should beget more, and those children
  Make fire-works like their father? So say I;
  Only I will apply it to your wife:
  Her issue, should not providence prevent it,
  Would make both nature, time, and man repent it.

  _Mont._ Look you, cousin,
  Go, change the air, for shame; see if your absence
  Will blast your cornucopia. Marcello
  Is chosen with you joint commissioner
  For the relieving our Italian coast
  From pirates.

  _Mar._ I am much honoured in't.

  _Cam._ But, sir,
  Ere I return, the stag's horns may be sprouted
  Greater than those are shed.

  _Mont._ Do not fear it:
  I'll be your ranger.

  _Cam._ You must watch i' the nights;
  Then's the most danger.

  _Fran. de Med._ Farewell, good Marcello:
  All the best fortunes of a soldier's wish
  Bring you a-ship-board!

  _Cam._ Were I not best, now I am turned soldier,
  Ere that I leave my wife, sell all she hath,
  And then take leave of her?

  _Mont._ I expect good from you,
  Your parting is so merry.

  _Cam._ Merry, my lord! o' the captain's humour right;
  I am resolvèd to be drunk this night.
  [_Exeunt_ CAMILLO _and_ MARCELLO.

  _Fran. de Med._ So, 'twas well fitted: now shall we discern
  How his wished absence will give violent way
  To Duke Brachiano's lust.

  _Mont._ Why, that was it;
  To what scorned purpose else should we make choice
  Of him for a sea-captain? and, besides,
  Count Lodowick, which was rumoured for a pirate,
  Is now in Padua.

  _Fran. de Med._ Is't true?

  _Mont._ Most certain.
  I have letters from him, which are suppliant
  To work his quick repeal from banishment:
  He means to address himself for pension
  Unto our sister duchess.

  _Fran. de Med._ O, 'twas well:
  We shall not want his absence past six days.
  I fain would have the Duke Brachiano run
  Into notorious scandal; for there's naught
  In such cursed dotage to repair his name,
  Only the deep sense of some deathless shame.

  _Mont._ It may be objected, I am dishonourable
  To play thus with my kinsman; but I answer,
  For my revenge I'd stake a brother's life,
  That, being wronged, durst not avenge himself.

  _Fran. de Med._ Come, to observe this strumpet.

  _Mont._ Curse of greatness!
  Sure he'll not leave her?

  _Fran. de Med._ There's small pity in't:
  Like misletoe on sear elms spent by weather,
  Let him cleave to her, and both rot together.

  SCENE III.--_A Room in the House of_ CAMILLO.

   _Enter_ BRACHIANO, _with a_ Conjurer.

  _Brach._ Now, sir, I claim your promise: 'tis dead midnight,
  The time prefixed to show me, by your art,
  How the intended murder of Camillo
  And our loathed duchess grow to action.

  _Con._ You have won me by your bounty to a deed
  I do not often practise. Some there are
  Which by sophistic tricks aspire that name,
  Which I would gladly lose, of necromancer;
  As some that use to juggle upon cards,
  Seeming to conjure, when indeed they cheat;
  Others that raise up their confederate spirits
  'Bout wind-mills, and endanger their own necks
  For making of a squib; and some there are
  Will keep a curtal[42] to show juggling tricks,
  And give out 'tis a spirit: besides these,
  Such a whole realm of almanac-makers, figure-flingers,
  Fellows, indeed, that only live by stealth,
  Since they do merely lie about stol'n goods,
  They'd make men think the devil were fast and loose,
  With speaking fustian Latin. Pray, sit down:
  Put on this night-cap, sir, 'tis charmed; and now
  I'll show you, by my strong commanding art,
  The circumstance that breaks your duchess' heart.


   _Enter suspiciously_ JULIO _and_ CHRISTOPHERO: _they draw a curtain
   where_ BRACHIANO'S _picture is, put on spectacles of glass, which
   cover their eyes and noses, and then burn perfumes before the picture,
   and wash the lips; that done, quenching the fire, and putting off
   their spectacles, they depart laughing._

   _Enter_ ISABELLA _in her night-gown, as to bed-ward, with lights
   after her_, Count LODOVICO, GIOVANNI, GUIDANTONIO, _and others
   waiting on her: she kneels down as to prayers, then draws the curtain
   of the picture, does three reverences to it, and kisses it thrice;
   she faints, and will not suffer them to come near it; dies: sorrow
   expressed in_ GIOVANNI _and_ Count LODOVICO: _she is conveyed out

  _Brach._ Excellent! then she's dead.

  _Con._ She's poisonèd
  By the fumed picture. 'Twas her custom nightly,
  Before she went to bed, to go and visit
  Your picture, and to feed her eyes and lips
  On the dead shadow. Doctor Julio,
  Observing this, infects it with an oil
  And other poisoned stuff, which presently
  Did suffocate her spirits.

  _Brach._ Methought I saw
  Count Lodowick there.

  _Con._ He was: and by my art
  I find he did most passionately dote
  Upon your duchess. Now turn another way,
  And view Camillo's far more politic fate.
  Strike louder, music, from this charmèd ground,
  To yield, as fits the act, a tragic sound!

   _The second_ DUMB SHOW.

   _Enter_ FLAMINEO, MARCELLO, CAMILLO, _with four others, as_ Captains;
   _they drink healths, and dance: a vaulting-horse is brought into the
   room:_ MARCELLO _and two others whispered out of the room, while_
   FLAMINEO _and_ CAMILLO _strip themselves to their shirts, to vault;
   they compliment who shall begin: as_ CAMILLO _is about to vault_,
   FLAMINEO _pitcheth him upon his neck, and, with the help of the rest,
   writhes his neck about; seems to see if it be broke, and lays him
   folded double, as it were, under the horse; makes signs to call for
   help:_ MARCELLO _comes in, laments; sends for the_ Cardinal _and_
   Duke, _who come forth with armed men; wonder at the act; command the
   body to be carried home; apprehend_ FLAMINEO, MARCELLO, _and the rest,
   and go, as it were, to apprehend_ VITTORIA.

  _Brach._ 'Twas quaintly done; but yet each circumstance
  I taste not fully.

  _Con._ O, 'twas most apparent:
  You saw them enter, charged with their deep healths
  To their boon voyage; and, to second that,
  Flamineo calls to have a vaulting-horse
  Maintain their sport; the virtuous Marcello
  Is innocently plotted forth the room;
  Whilst your eye saw the rest, and can inform you
  The engine of all.

  _Brach._ It seems Marcello and Flamineo
  Are both committed.[43]

  _Con._ Yes, you saw them guarded;
  And now they are come with purpose to apprehend
  Your mistress, fair Vittoria. We are now
  Beneath her roof: 'twere fit we instantly
  Make out by some back-postern.

  _Brach._ Noble friend,
  You bind me ever to you: this shall stand
  As the firm seal annexèd to my hand;
  It shall enforce a payment.

  _Con._ Sir, I thank you. [_Exit_ BRACHIANO.
  Both flowers and weeds spring when the sun is warm,
  And great men do great good or else great harm.

  SCENE IV.--_The Mansion of_ MONTICELSO.

   _Enter_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS _and_ MONTICELSO, _their_ Chancellor
   _and_ Register.

  _Fran. de Med._ You have dealt discreetly, to obtain the presence
  Of all the grave lieger[44] ambassadors,
  To hear Vittoria's trial.

  _Mont._ 'Twas not ill;
  For, sir, you know we have naught but circumstances
  To charge her with, about her husband's death:
  Their approbation, therefore, to the proofs
  Of her black lust shall make her infamous
  To all our neighbouring kingdoms. I wonder
  If Brachiano will be here.

  _Fran. de Med._ O fie.
  Twere impudence too palpable. [_Exeunt._

   _Enter_ FLAMINEO _and_ MARCELLO _guarded, and a_ Lawyer.

  _Law._ What, are you in by the week? so, I will try now whether thy wit
  be close prisoner. Methinks none should sit upon thy sister but old

  _Flam._ Or cuckolds; for your cuckold is your most terrible tickler of
  lechery. Whore-masters would serve; for none are judges at tilting but
  those that have been old tilters.

  _Law._ My lord duke and she have been very private.

  _Flam._ You are a dull ass; 'tis threatened they have been very public.

  _Law._ If it can be proved they have but kissed one another--

  _Flam._ What then?

  _Law._ My lord cardinal will ferret them.

  _Flam._ A cardinal, I hope, will not catch conies.

  _Law._ For to sow kisses (mark what I say), to sow kisses is to reap
  lechery; and, I am sure, a woman that will endure kissing is half won.

  _Flam._ True, her upper part, by that rule: if you will win her nether
  part too, you know what follows.

  _Law._ Hark; the ambassadors are lighted.

  _Flam._ [_Aside_]. I do put on this feignèd garb of mirth
  To gull suspicion.

  _Mar._ O my unfortunate sister!
  I would my dagger-point had cleft her heart
  When she first saw Brachiano: you, 'tis said,
  Were made his engine and his stalking-horse,
  To undo my sister.

  _Flam._ I am a kind of path
  To her and mine own preferment.

  _Mar._ Your ruin.

  _Flam._ Hum! thou art a soldier,
  Follow'st the great duke, feed'st his victories,
  As witches do their serviceable spirits,
  Even with thy prodigal blood: what hast got,
  But, like the wealth of captains, a poor handful,
  Which in thy palm thou bear'st as men hold water?
  Seeking to gripe it fast, the frail reward
  Steals through thy fingers.

  _Mar._ Sir!

  _Flam._ Thou hast scarce maintenance
  To keep thee in fresh shamois.[45]

  _Mar._ Brother!

  _Flam._ Hear me:--
  And thus, when we have even poured ourselves
  Into great fights, for their ambition
  Or idle spleen, how shall we find reward?
  But as we seldom find the misletoe
  Sacred to physic, or the builder oak,
  Without a mandrake by it; so in our quest of gain,
  Alas, the poorest of their forced dislikes
  At a limb proffers, but at heart it strikes!
  This is lamented doctrine.

  _Mar._ Come, come.

  _Flam._ When age shall turn thee
  White as a blooming hawthorn--

  _Mar._ I'll interrupt you:--
  For love of virtue bear an honest heart,
  And stride o'er every politic respect,
  Which, where they most advance, they most infect.
  Were I your father, as I am your brother,
  I should not be ambitious to leave you
  A better patrimony.

  _Flam._ I'll think on't.--
  The lord ambassadors.
  [_The_ Ambassadors _pass over the stage severally._

  _Law._ O my sprightly Frenchman!--Do you know him? he's an admirable

  _Flam._ I saw him at last tilting: he showed like a pewter candlestick,
  fashioned like a man in armour, holding a tilting-staff in his hand,
  little bigger than a candle of twelve i' the pound.

  _Law._ O, but he's an excellent horseman.

  _Flam._ A lame one in his lofty tricks: he sleeps a-horseback, like a

  _Law._ Lo you, my Spaniard!

  _Flam._ He carries his face in's ruff, as I have seen a serving man
  carry glasses in a cypress hatband, monstrous steady, for fear of
  breaking: he looks like the claw of a blackbird, first salted, and then
  broiled in a candle. [_Exeunt._


  SCENE I.--_A Hall in_ MONTICELSO'S _Mansion._

   _Enter_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS, MONTICELSO, _the six lieger_
   Lawyer, _and a_ Guard.

  _Mont._ Forbear, my lord, here is no place assigned you:
  This business by his holiness is left
  To our examination. [_To_ BRACH.

  _Brach._ May it thrive with you!
  [_Lays a rich gown under him._

  _Fran. de Med._ A chair there for his lordship!

  _Brach._ Forbear your kindness: an unbidden guest
  Should travel as Dutchwomen go to church,
  Bear their stools with them.

  _Mont._ At your pleasure, sir.--
  Stand to the table, gentlewoman [_To_ VITTORIA].--Now, signior,
  Fall to your plea.

  _Law. Domine judex, converte oculos in hanc pestem, mulierum

  _Vit. Cor._ What's he?

  _Fran. de Med._ A lawyer that pleads against you.

  _Vit. Cor._ Pray, my lord, let him speak his usual tongue;
  I'll make no answer else.

  _Fran. de Med._ Why, you understand Latin.

  _Vit. Cor._ I do, sir; but amongst this auditory
  Which come to hear my cause, the half or more
  May be ignorant in't.

  _Mont._ Go on, sir.

  _Vit. Cor._ By your favour,
  I will not have my accusation clouded
  In a strange tongue; all this assembly
  Shall hear what you can charge me with.

  _Fran. de Med._ Signior,
  You need not stand on't much; pray, change your language.

  _Mont._  O, for God sake!--Gentlewoman, your credit
  Shall be more famous by it.

  _Law._ Well, then, have at you!

  _Vit. Cor._ I am at the mark, sir: I'll give aim to you,
  And tell you how near you shoot.

  _Law._ Most literated judges, please your lordships
  So to connive your judgments to the view
  Of this debauched and diversivolent woman;
  Who such a black concatenation
  Of mischief hath effected, that to extirp
  The memory of't, must be the consummation
  Of her and her projections,--

  _Vit. Cor._ What's all this?

  _Law._ Hold your peace:
  Exorbitant sins must have exulceration.

  _Vit. Cor._ Surely, my lords, this lawyer here hath swallowed
  Some pothecaries' bills, or proclamations;
  And now the hard and undigestible words
  Come up, like stones we use give hawks for physic;
  Why, this is Welsh to Latin.

  _Law._ My lords, the woman
  Knows not her tropes nor figures, nor is perfect
  In the academic derivation
  Of grammatical elocution.

  _Fran. de Med._ Sir, your pains
  Shall be well spared, and your deep eloquence
  Be worthily applauded amongst those
  Which understand you.

  _Law._ My good lord,--

  _Fran. de Med._ Sir,
  Put up your papers in your fustian bag,--
  [FRANCISCO _speaks this as in scorn._
  Cry mercy, sir, 'tis buckram--and accept
  My notion of your learned verbosity.

  _Law._ I most graduatically thank your lordship:
  I shall have use for them elsewhere.

  _Mont._ I shall be plainer with you, and paint out
  Your follies in more natural red and white
  Than that upon your cheek. [_To_ VITTORIA.

  _Vit. Cor._ O you mistake:
  You raise a blood as noble in this cheek
  As ever was your mother's.

  _Mont._ I must spare you, till proof cry "whore" to that.--
  Observe this creature here, my honoured lords,
  A woman of a most prodigious spirit,
  In her effected.

  _Vit. Cor._ Honourable my lord,
  It doth not suit a reverend cardinal
  To play the lawyer thus.

  _Mont._ O, your trade instructs your language.--
  You see, my lords, what goodly fruit she seems;
  Yet, like those apples[47] travellers report
  To grow where Sodom and Gomorrah stood,
  I will but touch her, and you straight shall see
  She'll fall to soot and ashes.

  _Vit. Cor._ Your envenomed
  Pothecary should do't.

  _Mont._ I am resolved,[48]
  Were there a second Paradise to lose,
  This devil would betray it.

  _Vit. Cor._ O poor charity!
  Thou art seldom found in scarlet.

  _Mont._ Who knows not how, when several night by night
  Her gates were choked with coaches, and her rooms
  Outbraved the stars with several kind of lights;
  When she did counterfeit a prince's court
  In music, banquets, and most riotous surfeits?
  This whore, forsooth, was holy.

  _Vit. Cor._ Ha! whore! what's that!

  _Mont._ Shall I expound whore to you? sure, I shall;
  I'll give their perfect character. They are first,
  Sweetmeats which rot the eater; in man's nostrils
  Poisoned perfumes: they are cozening alchemy;
  Shipwrecks in calmest weather. What are whores!
  Cold Russian winters, that appear so barren
  As if that nature had forgot the spring:
  They are the true material fire of hell:
  Worse than those tributes i' the Low Countries paid,
  Exactions upon meat, drink, garments, sleep,
  Ay, even on man's perdition, his sin:
  They are those brittle evidences of law
  Which forfeit all a wretched man's estate
  For leaving out one syllable. What are whores!
  They are those flattering bells have all one tune,
  At weddings and at funerals. Your rich whores
  Are only treasuries by extortion filled,
  And emptied by cursed riot. They are worse,
  Worse than dead bodies which are begged at gallows,
  And wrought upon by surgeons, to teach man
  Wherein he is imperfect. What's a whore!
  She's like the guilty counterfeited coin
  Which, whosoe'er first stamps it, brings in trouble
  All that receive it.

  _Vit. Cor._ This character scapes me.

  _Mont._ You, gentlewoman!
  Take from all beasts and from all minerals
  Their deadly poison--

  _Vit. Cor._ Well, what then?

  _Mont._ I'll tell thee;
  I'll find in thee a pothecary's shop,
  To sample them all.

  _Fr. Am._ She hath lived ill.

  _Eng. Am._ True; but the cardinal's too bitter.

  _Mont._ You know what whore is. Next the devil adultery,
  Enters the devil murder.

  _Fran. de Med._ Your unhappy
  Husband is dead.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, he's a happy husband:
  Now he owes nature nothing.

  _Fran. de Med._ And by a vaulting-engine.

  _Mont._ An active plot; he jumped into his grave.

  _Fran. de Med._ What a prodigy was't
  That from some two yards' height a slender man
  Should break his neck!

  _Mont._ I' the rushes![49]

  _Fran. de Med._ And what's more,
  Upon the instant lose all use of speech,
  All vital motion, like a man had lain
  Wound up three days. Now mark each circumstance.

  _Mont._ And look upon this creature was his wife.
  She comes not like a widow; she comes armed
  With scorn and impudence: is this a mourning-habit?

  _Vit. Cor._ Had I foreknown his death, as you suggest,
  I would have bespoke my mourning.

  _Mont._ O, you are cunning.

  _Vit. Cor._ You shame your wit and judgment,
  To call it so. What! is my just defence
  By him that is my judge called impudence?
  Let me appeal, then, from this Christian court
  To the uncivil Tartar.

  _Mont._ See, my lords,
  She scandals our proceedings.

  _Vit. Cor._ Humbly thus,
  Thus low, to the most worthy and respected
  Lieger ambassadors, my modesty
  And womanhood I tender; but withal,
  So entangled in a cursèd accusation,
  That my defence, of force, like Perseus,[50]
  Must personate masculine virtue. To the point.
  Find me but guilty, sever head from body,
  We'll part good friends: I scorn to hold my life
  At yours or any man's entreaty, sir.

  _Eng. Am._ She hath a brave spirit.

  _Mont._ Well, well, such counterfeit jewels
  Make true ones oft suspected.

  _Vit. Cor._ You are deceived:
  For know, that all your strict-combinèd heads,
  Which strike against this mine of diamonds,
  Shall prove but glassen hammers,--they shall break.
  These are but feignèd shadows of my evils:
  Terrify babes, my lord, with painted devils;
  I am past such needless palsy. For your names
  Of whore and murderess, they proceed from you,
  As if a man should spit against the wind;
  The filth returns in's face.

  _Mont._ Pray you, mistress, satisfy me one question:
  Who lodged beneath your roof that fatal night
  Your husband brake his neck?

  _Brach._ That question
  Enforceth me break silence: I was there.

  _Mont._ Your business?

  _Brach._ Why, I came to comfort her,
  And take some course for settling her estate,
  Because I heard her husband was in debt
  To you, my lord.

  _Mont._ He was.

  _Brach._ And 'twas strangely feared
  That you would cozen[51] her.

  _Mont._ Who made you overseer?

  _Brach._ Why, my charity, my charity, which should flow
  From every generous and noble spirit
  To orphans and to widows.

  _Mont._ Your lust.

  _Brach._ Cowardly dogs bark loudest: sirrah priest,
  I'll talk with you hereafter. Do you hear?
  The sword you frame of such an excellent temper
  I'll sheathe in your own bowels.
  There are a number of thy coat resemble
  Your common post-boys.

  _Mont._ Ha!

  _Brach._ Your mercenary post-boys:
  Your letters carry truth, but 'tis your guise
  To fill your mouths with gross and impudent lies.

  _Serv._ My lord, your gown.

  _Brach._ Thou liest, 'twas my stool:
  Bestow't upon thy master, that will challenge
  The rest o' the household-stuff; for Brachiano
  Was ne'er so beggarly to take a stool
  Out of another's lodging: let him make
  Vallance for his bed on't, or a demi-foot-cloth
  For his most reverent moil.[52] Monticelso,
  _Nemo me impune lacessit_. [_Exit._

  _Mont._ Your champion's gone.

  _Vit. Cor._ The wolf may prey the better.

  _Fran. de Med._ My lord, there's great suspicion of the murder,
  But no sound proof who did it. For my part,
  I do not think she hath a soul so black
  To act a deed so bloody: if she have,
  As in cold countries husbandmen plant vines,
  And with warm blood manure them, even so
  One summer she will bear unsavoury fruit,
  And ere next spring wither both branch and root.
  The act of blood let pass; only descend
  To matter of incontinence.

  _Vit. Cor._ I discern poison
  Under your gilded pills.

  _Mont._ Now the duke's gone, I will produce a letter,
  Wherein 'twas plotted he and you should meet
  At an apothecary's summer-house,
  Down by the river Tiber,--view't, my lords,--
  Where, after wanton bathing and the heat
  Of a lascivious banquet,--I pray read it,
  I shame to speak the rest.

  _Vit. Cor._ Grant I was tempted;
  Temptation to lust proves not the act:
  _Casta est quam nemo rogavit._[53]
  You read his hot love to me, but you want
  My frosty answer.

  _Mont._ Frost i' the dog-days! strange!

  _Vit. Cor._ Condemn you me for that the duke did love me!
  So may you blame some fair and crystal river
  For that some melancholic distracted man
  Hath drowned himself in't.

  _Mont._ Truly drowned, indeed.

  _Vit. Cor._ Sum up my faults, I pray, and you shall find,
  That beauty, and gay clothes, a merry heart,
  And a good stomach to a feast, are all,
  All the poor crimes that you can charge me with.
  In faith, my lord, you might go pistol flies;
  The sport would be more noble.

  _Mont._ Very good.

  _Vit. Cor._ But take you your course: it seems you have beggared me first,
  And now would fain undo me. I have houses,
  Jewels, and a poor remnant of crusadoes:[54]
  Would those would make you charitable!

  _Mont._ If the devil
  Did ever take good shape, behold his picture.

  _Vit. Cor._ You have one virtue left,--
  You will not flatter me.

  _Fran. de Med._ Who brought this letter?

  _Vit. Cor._ I am not compelled to tell you.

  _Mont._ My lord duke sent to you a thousand ducats
  The twelfth of August.

  _Vit. Cor._ 'Twas to keep your cousin
  From prison: I paid use for't.

  _Mont._ I rather think
  'Twas interest for his lust.

  _Vit. Cor._ Who says so
  But yourself? if you be my accuser,
  Pray, cease to be my judge: come from the bench;
  Give in your evidence 'gainst me, and let these
  Be moderators. My lord cardinal,
  Were your intelligencing ears as loving
  As to my thoughts, had you an honest tongue,
  I would not care though you proclaimed them all.

  _Mont._ Go to, go to.
  After your goodly and vain-glorious banquet,
  I'll give you a choke-pear.

  _Vit. Cor._ O' your own grafting?

  _Mont._ You were born in Venice, honourably descended
  From the Vittelli: 'twas my cousin's fate,--
  Ill may I name the hour,--to marry you:
  He bought you of your father.

  _Vit. Cor._ Ha!

  _Mont._ He spent there in six months
  Twelve thousand ducats, and (to my acquaintance)
  Received in dowry with you not one julio:[55]
  'Twas a hard pennyworth, the ware being so light.
  I yet but draw the curtain now to your picture:
  You came from thence a most notorious strumpet,
  And so you have continued.

  _Vit. Cor._ My lord,--

  _Mont._ Nay, hear me;
  You shall have time to prate. My Lord Brachiano--
  Alas, I make but repetition
  Of what is ordinary and Rialto talk,
  And ballated, and would be played o' the stage,
  But that vice many times finds such loud friends
  That preachers are charmed silent.--
  You gentlemen, Flamineo and Marcello,
  The court hath nothing now to charge you with
  Only you must remain upon your sureties
  For your appearance.

  _Fran. de Med._ I stand for Marcello.

  _Flam._ And my lord duke for me.

  _Mont._ For you, Vittoria, your public fault,
  Joined to the condition of the present time,
  Takes from you all the fruits of noble pity;
  Such a corrupted trial have you made
  Both of your life and beauty, and been styled
  No less an ominous fate than blazing stars
  To princes: here's your sentence; you are confined
  Unto a house of convertites, and your bawd--

  _Flam._ [_Aside_]. Who, I?

  _Mont._ The Moor.

  _Flam._ [_Aside_]. O, I am a sound man again.

  _Vit. Cor._ A house of convertites! what's that?

  _Mont._ A house
  Of penitent whores.

  _Vit. Cor._ Do the noblemen in Rome
  Erect it for their wives, that I am sent
  To lodge there?

  _Fran. de Med._ You must have patience.

  _Vit. Cor._ I must first have vengeance.
  I fain would know if you have your salvation
  By patent, that you proceed thus.

  _Mont._ Away with her!
  Take her hence.

  _Vit. Cor._ A rape! a rape!

  _Mont._ How!

  _Vit. Cor._ Yes, you have ravished justice;
  Forced her to do your pleasure.

  _Mont._ Fie, she's mad!

  _Vit. Cor._ Die with these pills in your most cursèd maw
  Should bring you health! or while you sit o' the bench
  Let your own spittle choke you!--

  _Mont._ She's turned Fury.

  _Vit. Cor._ That the last day of judgment may so find you,
  And leave you the same devil you were before!
  Instruct me, some good horse-leech, to speak treason;
  For since you cannot take my life for deeds,
  Take it for words: O woman's poor revenge,
  Which dwells but in the tongue! I will not weep;
  No, I do scorn to call up one poor tear
  To fawn on your injustice; bear me hence
  Unto this house of--what's your mitigating title?

  _Mont._ Of convertites.

  _Vit. Cor._ It shall not be a house of convertites;
  My mind shall make it honester to me
  Than the Pope's palace, and more peaceable
  Than thy soul, though thou art a cardinal.
  Know this, and let it somewhat raise your spite,
  Through darkness diamonds spread their richest light.[56]
  [_Exeunt_ VITTORIA COROMBONA, Lawyer, _and_

   _Re-enter_ BRACHIANO.

  _Brach._ Now you and I are friends, sir, we'll shake hands
  In a friend's grave together; a fit place,
  Being the emblem of soft peace, to atone our hatred.

  _Fran. de Med._ Sir, what's the matter?

  _Brach._ I will not chase more blood from that loved cheek;
  You have lost too much already: fare you well. [_Exit._

  _Fran. de Med._ How strange these words sound! what's the

  _Flam._ [_Aside._] Good; this is a preface to the discovery of the
  duchess' death: he carries it well. Because now I cannot counterfeit
  a whining passion for the death of my lady, I will feign a mad
  humour for the disgrace of my sister; and that will keep off idle
  questions. Treason's tongue hath a villainous palsy in't: I will
  talk to any man, hear no man, and for a time appear a politic madman.

   _Enter_ GIOVANNI, Count LODOVICO, _and_ Attendant.

  _Fran. de Med._ How now, my noble cousin! what, in black!

  _Giov._ Yes, uncle, I was taught to imitate you
  In virtue, and you must imitate me
  In colours of your garments. My sweet mother

  _Fran. de Med._ How! where?

  _Giov._ Is there; no, yonder: indeed, sir, I'll not tell you,
  For I shall make you weep.

  _Fran. de Med._ Is dead?

  _Giov._ Do not blame me now,
  I did not tell you so.

  _Lod._ She's dead, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ Dead!

  _Mont._ Blessed lady, thou are now above thy woes!--
  Wilt please your lordships to withdraw a little?
  [_Exeunt_ Ambassadors.

  _Giov._ What do the dead do, uncle? do they eat,
  Hear music, go a hunting, and be merry,
  As we that live?

  _Fran. de Med._ No, coz; they sleep.

  _Giov._ Lord, Lord, that I were dead!
  I have not slept these six nights.--When do they wake?

  _Fran. de Med._ When God shall please.

  _Giov._ Good God, let her sleep ever!
  For I have known her wake an hundred nights,
  When all the pillow where she laid her head
  Was brine-wet with her tears. I am to complain to you, sir;
  I'll tell you how they have used her now she's dead:
  They wrapped her in a cruel fold of lead,
  And would not let me kiss her.

  _Fran. de Med._ Thou didst love her.

  _Giov._ I have often heard her say she gave me suck,
  And it should seem by that she dearly loved me,
  Since princes seldom do it.

  _Fran. de Med._ O, all of my poor sister that remains!--
  Take him away, for God's sake!
  [_Exeunt_ GIOVANNI _and_ Attendant.

  _Mont._ How now, my lord!

  _Fran. de Med._ Believe me, I am nothing but her grave;
  And I shall keep her blessèd memory
  Longer than thousand epitaphs.

   _Re-enter_ FLAMINEO _as if distracted._

  _Flam._ We endure the strokes like anvils or hard steel,
  Till pain itself make us no pain to feel.
  Who shall do me right now? is this the end of service? I'd rather
  go weed garlic; travel through France, and be mine own ostler; wear
  sheepskin linings, or shoes that stink of blacking; be entered into the
  list of the forty thousand pedlers in Poland.

   _Re-enter_ Ambassadors.

  Would I had rotted in some surgeon's house at Venice, built upon the
  pox as well as on piles, ere I had served Brachiano!

  _Savoy Am._ You must have comfort.

  _Flam._ Your comfortable words are like honey; they relish well in
  your mouth that's whole, but in mine that's wounded they go down as
  if the sting of the bee were in them. O, they have wrought their
  purpose cunningly, as if they would not seem to do it of malice! In
  this a politician imitates the devil, as the devil imitates a cannon;
  wheresoever he comes to do mischief, he comes with his backside towards

  _Fr. Am._ The proofs are evident.

  _Flam._ Proof! 'twas corruption. O gold, what a god art thou! and O
  man, what a devil art thou to be tempted by that cursed mineral! Your
  diversivolent lawyer, mark him: knaves turn informers, as maggots turn
  to flies; you may catch gudgeons with either. A cardinal! I would he
  would hear me: there's nothing so holy but money will corrupt and
  putrify it, like victual under the line. You are happy in England, my
  lord: here they sell justice with those weights they press men to death
  with. O horrible salary!

  _Eng. Am._ Fie, fie, Flamineo! [_Exeunt_ Ambassadors.

  _Flam._ Bells ne'er ring well, till they are at their full pitch; and I
  hope yon cardinal shall never have the grace to pray well till he come
  to the scaffold. If they were racked now to know the confederacy,--but
  your noblemen are privileged from the rack; and well may, for a little
  thing would pull some of them a-pieces afore they came to their
  arraignment. Religion, O, how it is commedled[57] with policy! The
  first bloodshed in the world happened about religion. Would I were a

  _Mar._ O, there are too many.

  _Flam._ You are deceived: there are not Jews enough, priests enough,
  nor gentlemen enough.

  _Mar._ How?

  _Flam._ I'll prove it; for if there were Jews enough, so many
  Christians would not turn usurers; if priests enough, one should not
  have six benefices; and if gentlemen enough, so many early mushrooms,
  whose best growth sprang from a dunghill, should not aspire to
  gentility. Farewell: let others live by begging; be thou one of them
  practise the art of Wolner[58] in England, to swallow all's given thee;
  and yet let one purgation make thee as hungry again as fellows that
  work in a saw-pit. I'll go hear the screech-owl. [_Exit._

  _Lod._ [_Aside_]. This was Brachiano's pander and 'tis strange
  That, in such open and apparent guilt
  Of his adulterous sister, he dare utter
  So scandalous a passion. I must wind him.

   _Re-enter_ FLAMINEO.

  _Flam._ [_Aside_]. How dares this banished count return to Rome,
  His pardon not yet purchased! I have heard
  The deceased duchess gave him pension,
  And that he came along from Padua
  I' the train of the young prince. There's somewhat in't:
  Physicians, that cure poisons, still do work
  With counter-poisons.

  _Mar._ Mark this strange encounter.

  _Flam._ The god of melancholy turn thy gall to poison,
  And let the stigmatic[59] wrinkles in thy face,
  Like to the boisterous waves in a rough tide,
  One still overtake another.

  _Lod._ I do thank thee,
  And I do wish ingeniously[60] for thy sake
  The dog-days all year long.

  _Flam._ How croaks the raven?
  Is our good duchess dead?

  _Lod._ Dead.

  _Flam._ O fate!
  Misfortune comes, like the coroner's business,
  Huddle upon huddle.

  _Lod._ Shalt thou and I join house-keeping?

  _Flam._ Yes, content:
  Let's be unsociably sociable.

  _Lod._ Sit some three days together, and discourse.

  _Flam._ Only with making faces: lie in our clothes.

  _Lod._ With faggots for our pillows.

  _Flam._ And be lousy.

  _Lod._ In taffata linings; that's genteel melancholy:
  Sleep all day.

  _Flam._ Yes; and, like your melancholic hare,
  Feed after midnight.--
  We are observed: see how yon couple grieve!

  _Lod._ What a strange creature is a laughing fool!
  As if man were created to no use
  But only to show his teeth.

  _Flam._ I'll tell thee what,--
  It would do well, instead of looking-glasses,
  To set one's face each morning by a saucer
  Of a witch's congealèd blood.

  _Lod._ Precious gue![61]
  We'll never part.

  _Flam._ Never, till the beggary of courtiers,
  The discontent of churchmen, want of soldiers,
  And all the creatures that hang manacled,
  Worse than strappadoed, on the lowest felly
  Of Fortune's wheel, be taught, in our two lives,
  To scorn that world which life of means deprives.

   _Enter_ ANTONELLI _and_ GASPARO.

  _Anto._ My lord, I bring good news. The Pope, on's death-bed,
  At the earnest suit of the Great Duke of Florence,
  Hath signed your pardon, and restored unto you--

  _Lod._ I thank you for your news.--Look up again,
  Flamineo; see my pardon.

  _Flam._ Why do you laugh?
  There was no such condition in our covenant.

  _Lod._ Why!

  _Flam._ You shall not seem a happier man than I:
  You know our vow, sir; if you will be merry,
  Do it i' the like posture as if some great man
  Sate while his enemy were executed;
  Though it be very lechery unto thee,
  Do't with a crabbèd politician's face.

  _Lod._ Your sister is a damnable whore.

  _Flam._ Ha!

  _Lod._ Look you, I spake that laughing.

  _Flam._ Dost ever think to speak again?

  _Lod._ Do you hear?
  Wilt sell me forty ounces of her blood
  To water a mandrake?

  _Flam._ Poor lord, you did vow
  To live a lousy creature.

  _Lod._ Yes.

  _Flam._ Like one
  That had for ever forfeited the daylight
  By being in debt.

  _Lod._ Ha, ha!

  _Flam._ I do not greatly wonder you do break;
  Your lordship learned't long since. But I'll tell you,--

  _Lod._ What?

  _Flam._ And't shall stick by you,--

  _Lod._ I long for it.

  _Flam._ This laughter scurvily becomes your face:
  If you will not be melancholy, be angry. [_Strikes him._
  See, now I laugh too.

  _Mar._ You are to blame: I'll force you hence.

  _Lod._ Unhand me.
  [_Exeunt_ MARCELLO _and_ FLAMINEO.
  That e'er I should be forced to right myself
  Upon a pander!

  _Anto._ My lord,--

  _Lod._ H'ad been as good met with his fist a thunderbolt.

  _Gas._ How this shows!

  _Lod._ Ud's death,[62] how did my sword miss him?
  These rogues that are most weary of their lives
  Still scape the greatest dangers.
  A pox upon him! all his reputation,
  Nay, all the goodness of his family,
  Is not worth half this earthquake:
  I learned it of no fencer to shake thus:
  Come, I'll forget him, and go drink some wine.

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in the Palace of_ FRANCISCO.


  _Mont._ Come, come, my lord, untie your folded thoughts,
  And let them dangle loose as a bride's hair.[63]
  Your sister's poisoned.

  _Fran. de Med._ Far be it from my thoughts
  To seek revenge.

  _Mont._ What, are you turned all marble?

  _Fran. de Med._ Shall I defy him, and impose a war
  Most burdensome on my poor subjects' necks,
  Which at my will I have not power to end?
  You know, for all the murders, rapes, and thefts,
  Committed in the horrid lust of war,
  He that unjustly caused it first proceed
  Shall find it in his grave and in his seed.

  _Mont._ That's not the course I'd wish you; pray, observe me.
  We see that undermining more prevails
  Than doth the cannon. Bear your wrongs concealed,
  And, patient as the tortoise, let this camel
  Stalk, o'er your back unbruised: sleep with the lion,
  And let this brood of secure foolish mice
  Play with your nostrils, till the time be ripe
  For the bloody audit and the fatal gripe:
  Aim like a cunning fowler, close one eye,
  That you the better may your game espy.

  _Fran. de Med._ Free me, my innocence, from treacherous acts!
  I know there's thunder yonder; and I'll stand
  Like a safe valley, which low bends the knee
  To some aspiring mountain; since I know
  Treason, like spiders weaving nets for flies,
  By her foul work is found, and in it dies.
  To pass away these thoughts, my honoured lord,
  It is reported you possess a book,
  Wherein you have quoted,[64] by intelligence,
  The names of all notorious offenders
  Lurking about the city.

  _Mont._ Sir, I do;
  And some there are which call it my black book:
  Well may the title hold; for though it teach not
  The art of conjuring, yet in it lurk
  The names of many devils.

  _Fran. de Med._ Pray, let's see it.

  _Mont._ I'll fetch it to your lordship. [_Exit._

  _Fran. de Med._ Monticelso,
  I will not trust thee; but in all my plots
  I'll rest as jealous as a town besieged.
  Thou canst not reach what I intend to act:
  Your flax soon kindles, soon is out again;
  But gold slow heats, and long will hot remain.

   _Re-enter_ MONTICELSO, _presents_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS _with a book._

  _Mont._ 'Tis here, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ First, your intelligencers, pray, let's see.

  _Mont._ Their number rises strangely; and some of them
  You'd take for honest men. Next are panders,--
  These are your pirates; and these following leaves
  For base rogues that undo young gentlemen
  By taking up commodities;[65] for politic bankrupts;
  For fellows that are bawds to their own wives,
  Only to put off horses, and slight jewels,
  Clocks, defaced plate, and such commodities,
  At birth of their first children.

  _Fran. de Med._ Are there such?

  _Mont._ These are for impudent bawds
  That go in men's apparel; for usurers
  That share with scriveners for their good reportage;
  For lawyers that will antedate their writs:
  And some divines you might find folded there,
  But that I slip them o'er for conscience' sake.
  Here is a general catalogue of knaves:
  A man might study all the prisons o'er,
  Yet never attain this knowledge.

  _Fran. de Med._ Murderers!
  Fold down the leaf, I pray.
  Good my lord, let me borrow this strange doctrine.

  _Mont._ Pray, use't, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ I do assure your lordship,
  You are a worthy member of the state,
  And have done infinite good in your discovery
  Of these offenders.

  _Mont._ Somewhat, sir.

  _Fran. de Med._ O God!
  Better than tribute of wolves paid in England:[66]
  'Twill hang their skins o' the hedge.

  _Mont._ I must make bold
  To leave your lordship.

  _Fran. de Med._ Dearly, sir, I thank you:
  If any ask for me at court, report
  You have left me in the company of knaves.
  I gather now by this, some cunning fellow
  That's my lord's officer, one that lately skipped
  From a clerk's desk up to a justice' chair,
  Hath made this knavish summons, and intends,
  As the Irish rebels wont were to sell heads,
  So to make prize of these. And thus it happens,
  Your poor rogues pay for't which have not the means
  To present bribe in fist: the rest o' the band
  Are razed out of the knaves' record; or else
  My lord he winks at them with easy will;
  His man grows rich, the knaves are the knaves still.
  But to the use I'll make of it; it shall serve
  To point me out a list of murderers,
  Agents for any villany. Did I want
  Ten leash of courtezans, it would furnish me;
  Nay, laundress three armies. That in so little paper
  Should lie the undoing of so many men!
  'Tis not so big as twenty declarations.
  See the corrupted use some make of books:
  Divinity, wrested by some factious blood,
  Draws swords, swells battles, and o'erthrows all good.
  To fashion my revenge more seriously,
  Let me remember my dead sister's face:
  Call for her picture? no, I'll close mine eyes,
  And in a melancholic thought I'll frame

   _Enter_ ISABELLA'S ghost.

  Her figure 'fore me. Now I ha't:--how strong
  Imagination works! how she can frame
  Things which are not! Methinks she stands afore me,
  And by the quick idea of my mind,
  Were my skill pregnant, I could draw her picture.
  Thought, as a subtle juggler, makes us deem
  Things supernatural, which yet have cause
  Common as sickness. 'Tis my melancholy.--
  How cam'st thou by thy death?--How idle am I
  To question mine own idleness!--Did ever
  Man dream awake till now?--Remove this object;
  Out of my brain with't: what have I to do
  With tombs, or death-beds, funerals, or tears,
  That have to meditate upon revenge?
  [_Exit_ Ghost.
  So, now 'tis ended, like an old wife's story:
  Statesmen think often they see stranger sights
  Than madmen. Come, to this weighty business:
  My tragedy must have some idle mirth in't,
  Else it will never pass. I am in love,
  In love with Corombona; and my suit
  Thus halts to her in verse.--[_Writes._
  I have done it rarely: O the fate of princes!
  I am so used to frequent flattery,
  That, being alone, I now flatter myself:
  But it will serve; 'tis sealed.

   _Enter_ Servant.

                                   Bear this
  To the house of convertites, and watch your leisure
  To give it to the hands of Corombona,
  Or to the matron, when some followers
  Of Brachiano may be by. Away! [_Exit_ Servant.
  He that deals all by strength, his wit is shallow:
  When a man's head goes through, each limb will follow.
  The engine for my business, bold Count Lodowick:
  'Tis gold must such an instrument procure;
  With empty fist no man doth falcons lure.
  Brachiano, I am now fit for thy encounter:
  Like the wild Irish, I'll ne'er think thee dead
  Till I can play at football with thy head.
  _Flectere si nequeo superos, Acheronta movebo._[67]


  SCENE I.--_A Room in the House of Convertites._

   _Enter the_ Matron and FLAMINEO.

  _Matron._ Should it be known the duke hath such recourse
  To your imprisoned sister, I were like
  To incur much damage by it.

  _Flam._ Not a scruple:
  The Pope lies on his death-bed, and their heads
  Are troubled now with other business
  Then guarding of a lady.

   _Enter_ Servant.

  _Serv._ Yonder's Flamineo in conference
  With the matrona.--Let me speak with you;
  I would entreat you to deliver for me
  This letter to the fair Vittoria.

  _Matron._ I shall, sir.

  _Serv._ With all care and secrecy:
  Hereafter you shall know me, and receive
  Thanks for this courtesy. [_Exit._

  _Flam._ How now! what's that?

  _Matron._ A letter.

  _Flam._ To my sister? I'll see't delivered.

   _Enter_ BRACHIANO.

  _Brach._ What's that you read, Flamineo?

  _Flam._ Look.

  _Brach._ Ha! [_Reads_.] "To the most unfortunate, his best respected
  Who was the messenger?

  _Flam._ I know not.

  _Brach._ No! who sent it?

  _Flam._ Ud's foot, you speak as if a man
  Should know what fowl is coffined in a baked meat
  Afore you cut it up.

  _Brach._ I'll open't, were't her heart.--What's here subscribed!
  "Florence!" this juggling is gross and palpable:
  I have found out the conveyance.--Read it, read it.

  _Flam. [Reads._] "Your tears I'll turn to triumphs, be but mine:
  Your prop is fall'n: I pity, that a vine,
  Which princes heretofore have longed to gather,
  Wanting supporters, now should fade and wither."--
  Wine, i' faith, my lord, with lees would serve his turn.--
  "Your sad imprisonment I'll soon uncharm,
  And with a princely uncontrollèd arm
  Lead you to Florence, where my love and care
  Shall hang your wishes in my silver hair."--
  A halter on his strange equivocation!--
  "Nor for my years return me the sad willow:
  Who prefer blossoms before fruit that's mellow?"--
  Rotten, on my knowledge, with lying too long i' the bed-straw--
  "And all the lines of age this line convinces,
  The gods never wax old, no more do princes."--
  A pox on't, tear it; let's have no more atheists, for God's sake.

  _Brach._ Ud's death, I'll cut her into atomies,
  And let the irregular north wind sweep her up,
  And blow her into his nostrils! Where's this whore?

  _Flam._ That what do you call her?

  _Brach._ O, I could be mad,
  Prevent[68] the cursed disease[69] she'll bring me to,
  And tear my hair off! Where's this changeable stuff?

  _Flam._ O'er head and ears in water, I assure you:
  She is not for your wearing.

  _Brach._ No, you pander?

  _Flam._ What, me, my lord? am I your dog?

  _Brach._ A blood-hound: do you brave, do you stand me?

  _Flam._ Stand you! let those that have diseases run;
  I need no plasters.

  _Brach._ Would you be kicked?

  _Flam._ Would you have your neck broke?
  I tell you, duke, I am not in Russia;[70]
  My shins must be kept whole.

  _Brach._ Do you know me?

  _Flam._ O, my lord, methodically:
  As in this world there are degrees of evils,
  So in this world there are degrees of devils.
  You're a great duke, I your poor secretary.
  I do look now for a Spanish fig, or an Italian salad,[71] daily.

  _Brach._ Pander, ply your convoy, and leave your prating.

  _Flam._ All your kindness to me is like that miserable courtesy of
  Polyphemus to Ulysses; you reserve me to be devoured last: you would
  dig turfs out of my grave to feed your larks; that would be music to
  you. Come, I'll lead you to her.

  _Brach._ Do you face me?

  _Flam._ O, sir, I would not go before a politic enemy with my back
  towards him, though there were behind me a whirlpool.


  _Brach._ Can you read, mistress? look upon that letter:
  There are no characters nor hieroglyphics;
  You need no comment: I am grown your receiver.
  God's precious! you shall be a brave great lady,
  A stately and advancèd whore.

  _Vit. Cor._ Say, sir?

  _Brach._ Come, come, let's see your cabinet, discover
  Your treasury of love-letters. Death and Furies!
  I'll see them all.

  _Vit. Cor._ Sir, upon my soul,
  I have not any. Whence was this directed?

  _Brach._ Confusion on your politic ignorance!
  You are reclaimed,[72] are you? I'll give you the bells,
  And let you fly to the devil.

  _Flam._ Ware hawk, my lord.

  _Vit. Cor._ "Florence!" this is some treacherous plot, my lord:
  To me he ne'er was lovely, I protest,
  So much as in my sleep.

  _Brach._ Right! they are plots.
  Your beauty! O, ten thousand curses on't!
  How long have I beheld the devil in crystal![73]
  Thou hast led me, like an heathen sacrifice,
  With music and with fatal yokes of flowers,
  To my eternal ruin. Woman to man
  Is either a god or a wolf.

  _Vit. Cor._ My lord,--

  _Brach._ Away!
  We'll be as differing as two adamants;
  The one shall shun the other. What, dost weep?
  Procure but ten of thy dissembling trade,
  Ye'd furnish all the Irish funerals
  With howling past wild Irish.

  _Flam._ Fie, my lord!

  _Brach._ That hand, that cursèd hand, which I have wearied
  With doting kisses!--O my sweetest duchess,
  How lovely art thou now!--My loose thoughts
  Scatter like quicksilver: I was bewitched;
  For all the world speaks ill of thee.

  _Vit. Cor._ No matter:
  I'll live so now, I'll make that world recant;
  And change her speeches. You did name your duchess.

  _Brach._ Whose death God pardon!

  _Vit. Cor._ Whose death God revenge
  On thee, most godless duke!

  _Flam._ Now for two whirlwinds.

  _Vit. Cor._ What have I gained by thee but infamy?
  Thou hast stained the spotless honour of my house,
  And frighted thence noble society:
  Like those, which, sick o' the palsy, and retain
  Ill-scenting foxes 'bout them, are still shunned
  By those of choicer nostrils. What do you call this house?
  Is this your palace? did not the judge style it
  A house of penitent whores? who sent me to it?
  Who hath the honour to advance Vittoria
  To this incontinent college? is't not you?
  Is't not your high preferment? Go, go, brag
  How many ladies you have undone like me.
  Fare you well, sir; let me hear no more of you:
  I had a limb corrupted to an ulcer,
  But I have cut it off; and now I'll go
  Weeping to Heaven on crutches. For your gifts,
  I will return them all; and I do wish
  That I could make you full executor
  To all my sins. O, that I could toss myself
  Into a grave as quickly! for all thou art worth
  I'll not shed one tear more,--I'll burst first.
  [_She throws herself upon a bed._

  _Brach._ I have drunk Lethe.--Vittoria!
  My dearest happiness! Vittoria!
  What do you ail, my love? why do you weep?

  _Vit. Cor._ Yes, I now weep poniards, do you see?

  _Brach._ Are not those matchless eyes mine?

  _Vit. Cor._ I had rather
  They were not matchless.

  _Brach._ Is not this lip mine?

  _Vit. Cor._ Yes; thus to bite it off, rather than give it thee.

  _Flam._ Turn to my lord, good sister.

  _Vit. Cor._ Hence, you pander!

  _Flam._ Pander! am I the author of your sin?

  _Vit. Cor._ Yes; he's a base thief that a thief lets in.

  _Flam._ We're blown up, my lord.

  _Brach._ Wilt thou hear me?
  Once to be jealous of thee, is to express
  That I will love thee everlastingly,
  And never more be jealous.

  _Vit. Cor._ O thou fool,
  Whose greatness hath by much o'ergrown thy wit!
  What dar'st thou do that I not dare to suffer,
  Excepting to be still thy whore? for that,
  In the sea's bottom sooner thou shalt make
  A bonfire.

  _Flam._ O, no oaths, for God's sake!

  _Brach._ Will you hear me?

  _Vit. Cor._ Never.

  _Flam._ What a damned imposthume is a woman's will!
  Can nothing break it?--Fie, fie, my lord,
  Women are caught as you take tortoises;
  She must be turned on her back.--Sister, by this hand,
  I am on your side.--Come, come, you have wronged her:
  What a strange credulous man were you, my lord,
  To think the Duke of Florence would love her!
  Will any mercer take another's ware
  When once 'tis toused and sullied?--And yet, sister,
  How scurvily this frowardness becomes you!
  Young leverets stand not long; and women's anger
  Should, like their flight, procure a little sport;
  A full cry for a quarter of an hour,
  And then be put to the dead quat.[74]

  _Brach._ Shall these eyes,
  Which have so long time dwelt upon your face,
  Be now put out?

  _Flam._ No cruel landlady i' the world,
  Which lends forth groats to broom-men, and takes use for them,
  Would do't.--
  Hand her, my lord, and kiss her: be not like
  A ferret, to let go your hold with blowing.

  _Brach._ Let us renew right hands.

  _Vit. Cor._ Hence!

  _Brach._ Never shall rage or the forgetful wine
  Make me commit like fault.

  _Flam._ Now you are i' the way on't, follow't hard.

  _Brach._ Be thou at peace with me, let all the world
  Threaten the cannon.

  _Flam._ Mark his penitence:
  Best natures do commit the grossest faults,
  When they're given o'er to jealousy, as best wine,
  Dying, makes strongest vinegar. I'll tell you,--
  The sea's more rough and raging than calm rivers,
  But not so sweet nor wholesome. A quiet woman
  Is a still water under a great bridge;
  A man may shoot her safely.

  _Vit. Cor._ O ye dissembling men!--

  _Flam._ We sucked that, sister,
  From women's breasts, in our first infancy.

  _Vit. Cor._ To add misery to misery!

  _Brach._ Sweetest,--

  _Vit. Cor._ Am I not low enough?
  Ay, ay, your good heart gathers like a snow-ball,
  Now your affection's cold.

  _Flam._ Ud'sfoot, it shall melt
  To a heart again, or all the wine in Rome
  Shall run o' the lees for't.

  _Vit. Cor._ Your dog or hawk should be rewarded better
  Than I have been. I'll speak not one word more.

  _Flam._ Stop her mouth with a sweet kiss, my lord. So,
  Now the tide's turned, the vessel's come about.
  He's a sweet armful. O, we curled-haired men
  Are still most kind to women! This is well.

  _Brach._ That you should chide thus!

  _Flam._ O, sir, your little chimneys
  Do ever cast most smoke! I sweat for you.
  Couple together with as deep a silence
  As did the Grecians in their wooden horse.
  My lord, supply your promises with deeds;
  You know that painted meat no hunger feeds.

  _Brach._ Stay in ingrateful Rome--

  _Flam._ Rome! it deserves to be called Barbary
  For our villainous usage.

  _Brach._ Soft! the same project which the Duke of Florence
  (Whether in love or gullery I know not)
  Laid down for her escape, will I pursue.

  _Flam._ And no time fitter than this night, my lord:
  The Pope being dead, and all the cardinals entered
  The conclave for the electing a new Pope;
  The city in a great confusion;
  We may attire her in a page's suit,
  Lay her post-horse, take shipping, and amain
  For Padua.

  _Brach._ I'll instantly steal forth the Prince Giovanni,
  And make for Padua. You two with your old mother,
  And young Marcello that attends on Florence,
  If you can work him to it, follow me:
  I will advance you all:--for you, Vittoria,
  Think of a duchess' title.

  _Flam._ Lo you, sister!--
  Stay, my lord; I'll tell you a tale. The crocodile, which lives in
  the river Nilus, hath a worm breeds i' the teeth of't, which puts
  it to extreme anguish: a little bird, no bigger than a wren, is
  barber-surgeon to this crocodile; flies into the jaws of't, picks
  out the worm, and brings present remedy. The fish, glad of ease, but
  ingrateful to her that did it, that the bird may not talk largely of
  her abroad for non-payment, closeth her chaps, intending to swallow
  her, and so put her to perpetual silence. But nature, loathing such
  ingratitude, hath armed this bird with a quill or prick in the head,
  the top o' which wounds the crocodile i' the mouth, forceth her to open
  her bloody prison, and away flies the pretty tooth-picker from her
  cruel patient.[75]

  _Brach._ Your application is, I have not rewarded
  The service you have done me.

  _Flam._ No, my lord.--
  You, sister, are the crocodile: you are blemished in your fame, my lord
  cures it; and though the comparison hold not in every particle, yet
  observe, remember what good the bird with the prick i' the head hath
  done you, and scorn ingratitude.--
  It may appear to some ridiculous [_Aside._
  Thus to talk knave and madman, and sometimes,
  Come in with a dried sentence, stuft with sage:
  But this allows my varying of shapes;
  Knaves do grow great by being great men's apes.

  SCENE II.--_Before a Church._

   _Enter_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS, LODOVICO, GASPARO, _and six_ Ambassadors.

  _Fran. de Med._ So, my lord, I commend your diligence.
  Guard well the conclave; and, as the order is,
  Let none have conference with the cardinals.

  _Lod._ I shall, my lord.--Room for the ambassadors!

  _Gasp._ They're wondrous brave[76] to-day: why do they wear
  These several habits?

  _Lod._ O, sir, they are knights
  Of several orders:
  That lord i' the black cloak, with the silver cross,
  Is Knight of Rhodes; the next, Knight of St. Michael;
  That, of the Golden Fleece; the Frenchman, there,
  Knight of the Holy Ghost; my lord of Savoy,
  Knight of the Annunciation; the Englishman
  Is Knight of the honoured Garter, dedicated
  Unto their saint, St. George. I could describe to you
  Their several institutions, with the laws
  Annexèd to their orders; but that time
  Permits not such discovery.

  _Fran. de Med._ Where's Count Lodowick?

  _Lod._ Here, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ 'Tis o' the point of dinner time:
  Marshal the cardinals' service.

  _Lod._ Sir, I shall.

   _Enter_ Servants, _with several dishes covered._

  Stand, let me search your dish: who's this for?

  _Serv._ For my Lord Cardinal Monticelso.

  _Lod._ Whose this?

  _Serv._ For my Lord Cardinal of Bourbon.

  _Fr. Am._ Why doth he search the dishes? to observe
  What meat is drest?

  _Eng. Am._ No, sir, but to prevent
  Lest any letters should be conveyed in,
  To bribe or to solicit the advancement
  Of any cardinal. When first they enter,
  'Tis lawful for the ambassadors of princes
  To enter with them, and to make their suit
  For any man their prince affecteth best;
  But after, till a general election,
  No man may speak with them.

  _Lod._ You that attend on the lord cardinals,
  Open the window, and receive their viands!

  _A Cardinal._ [_At the window._]
  You must return the service: the lord cardinals
  Are busied 'bout electing of the Pope;
  They have given over scrutiny, and are fall'n
  To admiration.

  _Lod._ Away, away!

  _Fran. de Med._ I'll lay a thousand ducats you hear news.
  Of a Pope presently. Hark! sure, he's elected:
  Behold, my Lord of Arragon appears
  On the church-battlements.

  _Arragon._ [_On the church battlements._] _Denuntio vobis_[77] _gaudium
  magnum. Reverendissimus cardinalis Lorenzo de Monticelso electus est in
  sedem apostolicam, et elegit sibi nomen Paulum Quartum._

  _Omnes. Vivat sanctus pater Paulus Quartus!_

   _Enter_ Servant.

  _Serv._ Vittoria, my lord,--

  _Fran. de Med._ Well, what of her?

  _Serv._ Is fled the city,--

  _Fran. de Med._ Ha!

  _Serv._ With Duke Brachiano.

  _Fran. de Med._ Fled! Where's the Prince Giovanni?

  _Serv._ Gone with his father.

  _Fran. de Med._ Let the matrona of the convertites
  Be apprehended.--Fled! O, damnable!
  [_Exit_ Servant.
  How fortunate are my wishes! why, 'twas this
  I only laboured: I did send the letter
  To instruct him what to do. Thy fame, fond[78] duke,
  I first have poisoned; directed thee the way
  To marry a whore: what can be worse? This follows,--
  The hand must act to drown the passionate tongue:
  I scorn to wear a sword and prate of wrong.

   _Enter_ MONTICELSO _in state._

  _Mont. Concedimus vobis apostolicam benedictionem et remissionem
  My lord reports Vittoria Corombona
  Is stol'n from forth the house of convertites
  By Brachiano, and they're fled the city.
  Now, though this be the first day of our state,
  We cannot better please the divine power
  Than to sequester from the holy church
  These cursèd persons. Make it therefore known,
  We do denounce excommunication
  Against them both: all that are theirs in Rome
  We likewise banish. Set on.
  [_Exeunt_ MONTICELSO, _his train_, Ambassadors, _&c._

  _Fran. de Med._ Come, dear Lodovico;
  You have ta'en the sacrament to prosecute
  The intended murder.

  _Lod._ With all constancy.
  But, sir, I wonder you'll engage yourself
  In person, being a great prince.

  _Fran. de Med._ Divert me not.
  Most of his court are of my faction,
  And some are of my council. Noble friend,
  Our danger shall be like in this design:
  Give leave, part of the glory may be mine.
  [_Exeunt_ FRAN. DE MED. _and_ GASPARO.

   _Re-enter_ MONTICELSO.

  _Mont._ Why did the Duke of Florence with such care
  Labour your pardon? say.

  _Lod._ Italian beggars will resolve you that,
  Who, begging of an alms, bid those they beg of,
  Do good for their own sakes; or it may be,
  He spreads his bounty with a sowing hand,
  Like kings, who many times give out of measure,
  Not for desert so much, as for their pleasure.

  _Mont._ I know you're cunning. Come, what devil was that
  That you were raising?

  _Lod._ Devil, my lord!

  _Mont._ I ask you
  How doth the duke employ you, that his bonnet
  Fell with such compliment unto his knee,
  When he departed from you?

  _Lod._ Why, my lord,
  He told me of a resty Barbary horse
  Which he would fain have brought to the career,
  The sault, and the ring-galliard;[79] now, my lord,
  I have a rare French rider.

  _Mont._ Take you heed
  Lest the jade break your neck. Do you put me off
  With your wild horse-tricks? Sirrah, you do lie.
  O, thou'rt a foul black cloud, and thou dost threat
  A violent storm!

  _Lod._ Storms are i' the air, my lord:
  I am too low to storm.

  _Mont._ Wretched creature!
  I know that thou art fashioned for all ill,
  Like dogs that once get blood, they'll ever kill.
  About some murder? was't not?

  _Lod._ I'll not tell you:
  And yet I care not greatly if I do;
  Marry, with this preparation. Holy father,
  I come not to you as an intelligencer,
  But as a penitent sinner: what I utter
  Is in confession merely; which you know
  Must never be revealed.

  _Mont._ You have o'erta'en me.

  _Lod._ Sir, I did love Brachiano's duchess dearly,
  Or rather I pursued her with hot lust,
  Though she ne'er knew on't. She was poisoned;
  Upon my soul; she was; for which I have sworn
  To avenge her murder.

  _Mont._ To the Duke of Florence?

  _Lod._ To him I have.

  _Mont._ Miserable creature!
  If thou persist in this, 'tis damnable.
  Dost thou imagine thou canst slide on blood,
  And not be tainted with a shameful fall?
  Or, like the black and melancholic yew-tree,
  Dost think to root thyself in dead men's graves,
  And yet to prosper? Instruction to thee
  Comes like sweet showers to over-hardened ground;
  They wet, but pierce not deep. And so I leave thee,
  With all the Furies hanging 'bout thy neck,
  Till by thy penitence thou remove this evil,
  In conjuring from thy breast that cruel devil.

  _Lod._ I'll give it o'er; he says 'tis damnable,
  Besides I did expect his suffrage,
  By reason of Camillo's death.

   _Re-enter_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS _with a_ Servant.

  _Fran. de Med._ Do you know that count?

  _Serv._ Yes, my lord.

  _Fran. de Med._ Bear him these thousand ducats to his lodging;
  Tell him the Pope hath sent them.--[_Aside._] Happily
  That will confirm him more than all the rest.

  _Serv._ Sir,--[_Exit._

  _Lod._ To me, sir?

  _Serv._ His Holiness hath sent you a thousand crowns,
  And wills you, if you travel, to make him
  Your patron for intelligence.

  _Lod._ His creature ever to be commanded.
  [_Exit_ Servant.
  Why, now 'tis come about. He railed upon me;
  And yet these crowns were told out and laid ready
  Before he knew my voyage. O the art,
  The modest form of greatness! that do sit,
  Like brides at wedding-dinners, with their looks turned
  From the least wanton jest, their puling stomach
  Sick of the modesty, when their thoughts are loose,
  Even acting of those hot and lustful sports
  Are to ensue about midnight: such his cunning:
  He sounds my depth thus with a golden plummet.
  I am doubly armed now. Now to the act of blood,
  There's but three Furies found in spacious hell,
  But in a great man's breast three thousand dwell.


  SCENE I.--_An Apartment in a Palace at Padua._

   _A passage over the stage of_ BRACHIANO, FLAMINEO, MARCELLO,

   [_Exeunt omnes except_ FLAMINEO _and_ HORTENSIO.

  _Flam._ In all the weary minutes of my life,
  Day ne'er broke up till now. This marriage
  Confirms me happy.

  _Hort._ 'Tis a good assurance.
  Saw you not yet the Moor that's come to court?

  _Flam._ Yes, and conferred with him i'the duke's closet:
  I have not seen a goodlier personage,
  Nor ever talked with man better experienced
  In state affairs or rudiments of war:
  He hath, by report, served the Venetian
  In Candy these twice seven years, and been chief
  In many a bold design.

  _Hort._ What are those two
  That bear him company?

  _Flam._ Two noblemen of Hungary, that, living in the emperor's service
  as commanders, eight years since, contrary to the expectation of all
  the court, entered into religion, into the strict order of Capuchins:
  but, being not well settled in their undertaking, they left their
  order, and returned to court; for which, being after troubled in
  conscience, they vowed their service against the enemies of Christ,
  went to Malta, were there knighted, and in their return back, at this
  great solemnity, they are resolved for ever to forsake the world, and
  settle themselves here in a house of Capuchins in Padua.

  _Hort._ 'Tis strange.

  _Flam._ One thing makes it so: they have vowed for ever to wear, next
  their bare bodies, those coats of mail they served in.

  _Hort._ Hard penance! Is the Moor a Christian?

  _Flam._ He is.

  _Hort._ Why proffers he his service to our duke?

  _Flam._ Because he understands there's like to grow
  Some wars between us and the Duke of Florence,
  In which he hopes employment.
  I never saw one in a stern bold look
  Wear more command, nor in a lofty phrase
  Express more knowing or more deep contempt
  Of our slight airy courtiers. He talks
  As if he had travelled all the princes' courts
  Of Christendom: in all things strives to express,
  That all that should dispute with him may know,
  Glories, like glow-worms, afar off shine bright,
  But looked to near, have neither heat nor light.--
  The duke!

   _Re-enter_ BRACHIANO; _with_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS _disguised like_
   _bearing their swords and helmets; and_ MARCELLO.

  _Brach._ You are nobly welcome. We have heard at full
  Your honourable service 'gainst the Turk.
  To you, brave Mulinassar, we assign
  A competent pension: and are inly sorry,
  The vows of those two worthy gentlemen
  Make them incapable of our proffered bounty.
  Your wish is, you may leave your warlike swords
  For monuments in our chapel: I accept it
  As a great honour done me, and must crave
  Your leave to furnish out our duchess' revels.
  Only one thing, as the last vanity
  You e'er shall view, deny me not to stay
  To see a barriers prepared to-night:
  You shall have private standings. It hath pleased
  The great ambassadors of several princes,
  In their return from Rome to their own countries,
  To grace our marriage, and to honour me
  With such a kind of sport.

  _Fran. de Med._ I shall persuade them
  To stay, my lord.

  _Brach._ Set on there to the presence!

  _Car._ Noble my lord, most fortunately welcome:
  [_The_ Conspirators _here embrace._
  You have our vows, sealed with the sacrament,
  To second your attempts.

  _Ped._ And all things ready:
  He could not have invented his own ruin
  (Had he despaired) with more propriety.

  _Lod._ You would not take my way.

  _Fran. de Med._ 'Tis better ordered.

  _Lod._ To have poisoned his prayer-book, or a pair of beads,
  The pummel of his saddle,[80] his looking-glass,
  Or the handle of his racket,--O, that, that!
  That while he had been bandying at tennis,
  He might have sworn himself to hell, and strook
  His soul into the hazard! O, my lord,
  I would have our plot be ingenious,
  And have it hereafter recorded for example,
  Rather than borrow example.

  _Fran. de Med._ There's no way
  More speeding than this thought on.

  _Lod._ On, then.

  _Fran. de Med._ And yet methinks that this revenge is poor,
  Because it steals upon him like a thief.
  To have ta'en him by the casque in a pitched field,
  Led him to Florence!--

  _Lod._ It had been rare: and there
  Have crowned him with a wreath of stinking garlic,
  To have shown the sharpness of his government
  And rankness of his lust.--Flamineo comes.
  _and_ PEDRO.

   _Re-enter_ FLAMINEO, MARCELLO, _and_ ZANCHE.

  _Mar._ Why doth this devil haunt you, say?

  _Flam._ I know not;
  For, by this light, I do not conjure for her.
  'Tis not so great a cunning as men think,
  To raise the devil; for here's one up already:
  The greatest cunning were to lay him down.

  _Mar._ She is your shame.

  _Flam._ I prithee, pardon her.
  In faith, you see, women are like to burs,
  Where their affection throws them, there they'll stick.

  _Zan._ That is my countryman, a goodly person:
  When he's at leisure, I'll discourse with him
  In our own language.

  _Flam._ I beseech you do. [_Exit_ ZANCHE.
  How is't, brave soldier? O, that I had seen
  Some of your iron days! I pray, relate
  Some of your service to us.

  _Fran. de Med._ 'Tis a ridiculous thing for a man to be his own
  chronicle: I did never wash my mouth with mine own praise for fear of
  getting a stinking breath.

  _Mar._ You're too stoical. The duke will expect other discourse from

  _Fran. de Med._ I shall never flatter him: I have studied man too much
  to do that. What difference is between the duke and I? no more than
  between two bricks, all made of one clay: only 't may be one is placed
  on the top of a turret, the other in the bottom of a well, by mere
  chance. If I were placed as high as the duke, I should stick as fast,
  make as fair a show, and bear out weather equally.

  _Flam._ [_Aside_]. If this soldier had a patent to beg in churches,
  then he would tell them stories.

  _Mar._ I have been a soldier too.

  _Fran. de Med._ How have you thrived?

  _Mar._ Faith, poorly.

  _Fran. de Med._ That's the misery of peace: only outsides are then
  respected. As ships seem very great upon the river, which show very
  little upon the seas, so some men i' the court seem colossuses in a
  chamber, who, if they came into the field, would appear pitiful pigmies.

  _Flam._ Give me a fair room yet hung with arras, and some great
  cardinal to lug me by the ears as his endeared minion.

  _Fran. de Med._ And thou mayst do the devil knows what villany.

  _Flam._ And safely.

  _Fran. de Med._ Right: you shall see in the country, in harvest-time,
  pigeons, though they destroy never so much corn, the farmer dare not
  present the fowling-piece to them: why? because they belong to the lord
  of the manor; whilst your poor sparrows, that belong to the Lord of
  Heaven, they go to the pot for't.

  _Flam._ I will now give you some politic instructions. The duke says
  he will give you a pension: that's but bare promise; get it under his
  hand. For I have known men that have come from serving against the
  Turk, for three or four months they have had pension to buy them
  new wooden legs and fresh plasters; but, after, 'twas not to be had.
  And this miserable courtesy shows as if a tormentor should give hot
  cordial drinks to one three quarters dead o' the rack, only to fetch
  the miserable soul again to endure more dogdays. [_Exit_ FRANCISCO DE

   _Re-enter_ HORTENSIO _and_ ZANCHE, _with a_ Young Lord _and two

  How now, gallants! what, are they ready for the barriers?

  _Young Lord._ Yes; the lords are putting on their armour.

  _Hort._ What's he?

  _Flam._ A new up-start; one that swears like a falconer, and will
  lie in the duke's ear day by day, like a maker of almanacs: and yet
  I knew him, since he came to the court, smell worse of sweat than an

  _Hort._ Look you, yonder's your sweet mistress.

  _Flam._ Thou art my sworn brother: I'll tell thee, I do love that Moor,
  that witch, very constrainedly. She knows some of my villany. I do love
  her just as a man holds a wolf by the ears: but for fear of turning
  upon me and pulling out my throat, I would let her go to the devil.

  _Hort._ I hear she claims marriage of thee.

  _Flam._ Faith, I made to her some such dark promise; and, in seeking to
  fly from't, I run on, like a frighted dog with a bottle at's tail, that
  fain would bite it off, and yet dares not look behind him,--Now, my
  precious gipsey.

  _Zanche._ Ay, your love to me rather cools than heats.

  _Flam._ Marry, I am the sounder lover: we have many wenches about the
  town heat too fast.

  _Hort._ What do you think of these perfumed gallants, then?

  _Flam._ Their satin cannot save them: I am confident
  They have a certain spice of the disease;
  For they that sleep with dogs shall rise with fleas.

  _Zanche._ Believe it, a little painting and gay clothes make you love

  _Flam._ How! love a lady for painting or gay apparel? I'll unkennel one
  example more for thee. Æsop had a foolish dog that let go the flesh to
  catch the shadow: I would have courtiers be better divers.

  _Zanche._ You remember your oaths?

  _Flam._ Lovers' oaths are like mariners' prayers, uttered in extremity;
  but when the tempest is o'er, and that the vessel leaves tumbling,
  they fall from protesting to drinking. And yet, amongst gentlemen
  protesting and drinking go together, and agree as well as shoemakers
  and Westphalia bacon: they are both drawers on; for drink draws
  on protestation and protestation draws on more drink. Is not this
  discourse better now than the morality of your sun-burnt gentleman?

   _Re-enter_ CORNELIA.

  _Cor._ Is this your perch, you haggard? fly to the stews.
  [_Striking_ ZANCHE.

  _Flam._ You should be clapt by the heels now: strike i' the  court!
  [_Exit_ CORNELIA.

  _Zanche._ She's good for nothing, but to make her maids
  Catch cold a-nights: they dare not use a bed-staff
  For fear of her light fingers.

  _Mar._ You're a strumpet,
  An impudent one. [_Kicking_ ZANCHE.

  _Flam._ Why do you kick her, say?
  Do you think that she is like a walnut tree?
  Must she be cudgelled ere she bear good fruit?

  _Mar._ She brags that you shall marry her.

  _Flam._ What then?

  _Mar._ I had rather she were pitched upon a stake
  In some new-seeded garden, to affright
  Her fellow crows thence.

  _Flam._ You're a boy, a fool:
  Be guardian to your hound; I am of age.

  _Mar._ If I take her near you, I'll cut her throat.

  _Flam._ With a fan of feathers?

  _Mar._ And, for you, I'll whip
  This folly from you.

  _Flam._ Are you choleric?
  I'll purge't with rhubarb.

  _Hort._ O, your brother!

  _Flam._ Hang him,
  He wrongs me most that ought to offend me least.--
  I do suspect my mother played foul play
  When she conceived thee.

  _Mar._ Now, by all my hopes,
  Like the two slaughtered sons of Œdipus,
  The very flames of our affection
  Shall turn two ways. Those words I'll make thee answer
  With thy heart-blood.

  _Flam._ Do, like the geese in the progress:
  You know where you shall find me.

  _Mar._ Very good. [_Exit_ FLAMINEO.
  An thou be'st a noble friend, bear him my sword,
  And bid him fit the length on't.

  _Young Lord._ Sir, I shall.
  [_Exeunt_ Young Lord, MARCELLO, HORTENSIO, _and the two others._

  _Zanche._ He comes. Hence petty thought of my disgrace!


  I ne'er loved my complexion till now,
  'Cause I may boldly say, without a blush,
  I love you.

  _Fran. de Med._ Your love is untimely sown; there's a spring at
  Michaelmas, but 'tis but a faint one: I am sunk in years, and I have
  vowed never to marry.

  _Zanche._ Alas! poor maids get more lovers than husbands: yet you may
  mistake my wealth. For, as when ambassadors are sent to congratulate
  princes, there's commonly sent along with them a rich present, so that,
  though the prince like not the ambassador's person nor words, yet he
  likes well of the presentment; so I may come to you in the same manner,
  and be better loved for my dowry than my virtue.

  _Fran. de Med._ I'll think on the motion.

  _Zanche._ Do: I'll now
  Detain you no longer. At your better leisure
  I'll tell you things shall startle your blood:
  Nor blame me that this passion I reveal;
  Lovers die inward that their flames conceal. [_Exit._

  _Fran. de Med._ Of all intelligence this may prove the best:
  Sure, I shall draw strange fowl from this foul nest.

  SCENE II.--_Another Apartment in the Same._

   _Enter_ MARCELLO _and_ CORNELIA.

  _Cor._ I hear a whispering all about the court
  You are to fight: who is your opposite?
  What is the quarrel?

  _Mar._ 'Tis an idle rumour.

  _Cor._ Will you dissemble? sure, you do not well
  To fright me thus: you never look thus pale,
  But when you are most angry. I do charge you
  Upon my blessing,--nay, I'll call the duke,
  And he shall school you.

  _Mar._ Publish not a fear
  Which would convert to laughter: 'tis not so.
  Was not this crucifix my father's?

  _Cor._ Yes.

  _Mar._ I have heard you say, giving my brother suck,
  He took the crucifix between his hands,
  And broke a limb off.

  _Cor._ Yes; but 'tis mended.

   _Enter_ FLAMINEO.

  _Flam._ I have brought your weapon back.
  [_Runs_ MARCELLO _through._

  _Cor._ Ha! O my horror!

  _Mar._ You have brought it home, indeed.

  _Cor._ Help! O, he's murdered!

  _Flam._ Do you turn your gall up? I'll to sanctuary,
  And send a surgeon to you. [_Exit._

   _Enter_ CARLO, HORTENSIO, _and_ PEDRO.

  _Hort._ How! o' the ground!

  _Mar._ O mother, now remember what I told
  Of breaking of the crucifix! Farewell.
  There are some sins which Heaven doth duly punish
  In a whole family. This it is to rise
  By all dishonest means! Let all men know,
  That tree shall long time keep a steady foot
  Whose branches spread no wider than the root.

  _Cor._ O my perpetual sorrow!

  _Hort._ Virtuous Marcello!
  He's dead.--Pray, leave him, lady: come, you shall.

  _Cor._ Alas, he is not dead; he's in a trance. Why, here's nobody shall
  get any thing by his death. Let me call him again, for God's sake!

  _Car._ I would you were deceived.

  _Cor._ O, you abuse me, you abuse me, you abuse me! How many have gone
  away thus, for lack of tendance! Rear up's head, rear up's head: his
  bleeding inward will kill him.

  _Hort._ You see he is departed.

  _Cor._ Let me come to him; give me him as he is: if he be turned to
  earth, let me but give him one hearty kiss, and you shall put us both
  into one coffin. Fetch a looking glass; see if his breath will not
  stain it: or pull out some feathers from my pillow, and lay them to his
  lips. Will you lose him for a little pains-taking?

  _Hort._ Your kindest office is to pray for him.

  _Cor._ Alas, I would not pray for him yet. He may live to lay me i'
  the ground, and pray for me, if you'll let me come to him.

   _Enter_ BRACHIANO _all armed save the beaver, with_ FLAMINEO,

  _Brach._ Was this your handiwork?

  _Flam._ It was my misfortune.

  _Cor._ He lies, he lies; he did not kill him: these have killed him
  that would not let him be better looked to.

  _Brach._ Have comfort, my grieved mother.

  _Cor._ O you screech-owl!

  _Hort._ Forbear, good madam.

  _Cor._ Let me go, let me go. [_She runs to_ FLAMINEO _with her knife
  drawn, and, coming to him, lets it fall._
  The God of Heaven forgive thee! Dost not wonder
  I pray for thee? I'll tell thee what's the reason:
  I have scarce breath to number twenty minutes;
  I'd not spend that in cursing. Fare thee well:
  Half of thyself lies there; and mayst thou live
  To fill an hour-glass with his mouldered ashes,
  To tell how thou shouldst spend the time to come
  In blest repentance!

  _Brach._ Mother, pray tell me
  How came he by his death? what was the quarrel?

  _Cor._ Indeed, my younger boy presumed too much
  Upon his manhood, gave him bitter words,
  Drew his sword first; and so, I know not how,
  For I was out of my wits, he fell with's head
  Just in my bosom.

  _Page._ This is not true, madam.

  _Cor._ I pray thee, peace.
  One arrow's grazed already: it were vain
  To lose this for that will ne'er be found again.

  _Brach._ Go, bear, the body to Cornelia's lodging:
  And we command that none acquaint our duchess
  With this sad accident. For you, Flamineo,
  Hark you, I will not grant your pardon.

  _Flam._ No?

  _Brach._ Only a lease of your life; and that shall last
  But for one day: thou shalt be forced each evening
  To renew it, or be hanged.

  _Flam._ At your pleasure.
  [LODOVICO _sprinkles_ BRACHIANO'S _beaver with a poison._
  Your will is law now, I'll not meddle with it.

  _Brach._ You once did brave me in your sister's lodging;
  I'll now keep you in awe for't.--Where's our beaver?

  _Fran de Med._ [_Aside_]. He calls for his destruction. Noble youth,
  I pity thy sad fate! Now to the barriers.
  This shall his passage to the black lake further;
  The last good deed he did, he pardoned murther.

  SCENE III._--The Lists at Padua._

   _Charges and shouts. They fight at barriers; first single pairs, then
   three to three._

   FLAMINEO, _with others._

  _Brach._ An armorer! ud's death, an armorer!

  _Flam._ Armorer! where's the armorer?

  _Brach._ Tear off my beaver.

  _Flam._ Are you hurt, my lord?

  _Brach._ O, my brain's on fire!

   _Enter_ Armorer.

  The helmet is poisoned.

  _Armorer._ My lord, upon my soul,--

  _Brach._ Away with him to torture!
  There are some great ones that have hand in this,
  And near about me.

  _Vit. Cor._ O my loved lord! poisoned!

  _Flam._ Remove the bar. Here's unfortunate revels!
  Call the physicians.

   _Enter two_ Physicians.

                       A plague upon you!
  We have too much of your cunning here already:
  I fear the ambassadors are likewise poisoned.

  _Brach._ O, I am gone already! the infection
  Flies to the brain and heart. O thou strong heart!
  There's such a covenant 'tween the world and it,
  They're loth to break.

  _Giov._ O my most lovèd father!

  _Brach._ Remove the boy away.--
  Where's this good woman?--Had I infinite worlds,
  They were too little for thee: must I leave thee?--
  What say you, screech-owls, is the venom mortal?

  _1st Phys._ Most deadly.

  _Brach._ Most corrupted politic hangman,
  You kill without book; but your art to save
  Fails you as oft as great men's needy friends.
  I that have given life to offending slaves
  And wretched murderers, have I not power
  To lengthen mine own a twelvemonth?--
  Do not kiss me, for I shall poison thee.
  This unction's sent from the great Duke of Florence.

  _Fran. de Med._ Sir, be of comfort.

  _Brach._ O thou soft natural death, that art joint-twin
  To sweetest slumber! no rough-bearded comet
  Stares on thy mild departure; the dull owl
  Beats not against thy casement; the hoarse wolf
  Scents not thy carrion: pity winds thy corse,
  Whilst horror waits on princes.

  _Vit. Cor._ I am lost for ever.

  _Brach._ How miserable a thing it is to die
  Mongst women howling!

   _Enter_ LODOVICO _and_ GASPARO, _in the habit of_ Capuchins.

                         What are those?

  _Flam._ Franciscans:
  They have brought the extreme unction.

  _Brach._ On pain of death, let no man name death to me:
  It is a word infinitely terrible.
  Withdraw into our cabinet.
  [_Exeunt all except_ FRANCISCO DE MEDICIS _and_ FLAMINEO.

  _Flam._ To see what solitariness is about dying princes! as heretofore
  they have unpeopled towns, divorced friends, and made great houses
  unhospitable, so now, O justice! where are their flatterers now?
  flatterers are but the shadows of princes' bodies; the least thick
  cloud makes them invisible.

  _Fran. de Med._ There's great moan made for him.

  _Flam._ Faith, for some few hours salt-water will run most plentifully
  in every office o' the court: but, believe it, most of them do but weep
  over their stepmothers' graves.

  _Fran. de Med._ How mean you?

  _Flam._ Why, they dissemble; as some men do that live within compass o'
  the verge.

  _Fran. de Med._ Come, you have thrived well under him.

  _Flam._ Faith, like a wolf in a woman's breast;[81] I have been fed
  with poultry: but, for money, understand me, I had as good a will to
  cozen him as e'er an officer of them all; but I had not cunning enough
  to do it.

  _Fran. de Med._ What didst thou think of him? faith, speak freely.

  _Flam._ He was a kind of statesman that would sooner have reckoned how
  many cannon-bullets he had discharged against a town, to count his
  expence that way, than how many of his valiant and deserving subjects
  he lost before it.

  _Fran. de Med._ O, speak well of the duke.

  _Flam._ I have done. Wilt hear some of my court-wisdom? To reprehend
  princes is dangerous; and to over-commend some of them is palpable

   _Re-enter_ LODOVICO.

  _Fran. de Med._ How is it with the duke?

  _Lod._ Most deadly ill.
  He's fall'n into a strange distraction:
  He talks of battles and monopolies,
  Levying of taxes; and from that descends
  To the most brain-sick language. His mind fastens
  On twenty several objects, which confound
  Deep sense with folly. Such a fearful end
  May teach some men that bear too lofty crest,
  Though they live happiest, yet they die not best.
  He hath conferred the whole state of the dukedom
  Upon your sister, till the prince arrive
  At mature age.

  _Flam._ There's some good luck in that yet.

  _Fran. de Med._ See, here he comes.

   _Enter_ BRACHIANO, _presented in a bed,_[82] VITTORIA COROMBONA,
   GASPARO, _and_ Attendants.

                                 There's death in's face already.

  _Vit. Cor._ O my good lord!

  _Brach._ Away! you have abused me:
  [_These speeches are several kinds of distractions, and in the
  action should appear so._
  You have conveyed coin forth our territories;
  Bought and sold offices, oppressed the poor,
  And I ne'er dreamt on't. Make up your accounts:
  I'll now be mine own steward.

  _Flam._ Sir, have patience.

  _Brach._ Indeed, I am to blame:
  For did you ever hear the dusky raven
  Chide blackness? or was't ever known the devil
  Railed against cloven creatures?

  _Vit. Cor._ O my lord!

  _Brach._ Let me have some quails to supper.

  _Flam._ Sir, you shall.

  _Brach._ No, some fried dog-fish; your quails feed on poison.
  That old dog-fox, that politician, Florence!
  I'll forswear hunting, and turn dog-killer:
  Rare! I'll be friends with him; for, mark you, sir, one dog
  Still sets another a-barking. Peace, peace!
  Yonder's a fine slave come in now.

  _Flam._ Where?

  _Brach._ Why, there,
  In a blue bonnet, and a pair of breeches
  With a great cod-piece: ha, ha, ha!
  Look you, his cod-piece is stuck full of pins,
  With pearls o' the head of them. Do not you know him?

  _Flam._ No, my lord.

  _Brach._ Why, 'tis the devil;
  I know him by a great rose[83] he wears on's shoe,
  To hide his cloven foot. I'll dispute with him;
  He's a rare linguist.

  _Vit. Cor._ My lord, here's nothing.

  _Brach._ Nothing! rare! nothing! when I want money,
  Our treasury is empty, there is nothing:
  I'll not be used thus.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, lie still, my lord!

  _Brach._ See, see Flamineo, that killed his brother,
  Is dancing on the ropes there, and he carries
  A money-bag in each hand, to keep him even,
  For fear of breaking's neck: and there's a lawyer,
  In a gown whipt with velvet, stares and gapes
  When the money will fall. How the rogue cuts capers!
  It should have been in a halter. 'Tis there: what's she?

  _Flam._ Vittoria, my lord.

  _Brach._ Ha, ha, ha! her hair is sprinkled with arras-powder,[84]
  That makes her look as if she had sinned in the pastry,--
  What's he?

  _Flam._ A divine, my lord.

  [BRACHIANO _seems here near his end:_ LODOVICO _and_ GASPARO, _in
  the habit of_ Capuchins, _present him in his bed with a crucifix and
  hallowed candle._

  _Brach._ He will be drunk; avoid him: the argument
  Is fearful, when churchmen stagger in't.
  Look you, six grey rats, that have lost their tails,
  Crawl up the pillow: send for a rat-catcher:
  I'll do a miracle, I'll free the court
  From all foul vermin. Where's Flamineo?

  _Flam._ I do not like that he names me so often,
  Especially on's death-bed: 'tis a sign [_Aside._
  I shall not live long.--See, he's near his end.

  _Lod._ Pray, give us leave.--_Attende, domine Brachiane._

  _Flam._ See, see how firmly he doth fix his eye
  Upon the crucifix.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, hold it constant!
  It settles his wild spirits; and so his eyes
  Melt into tears.

  _Lod. Domine Brachiane, solebas in bello tutus esse tuo clypeo; nunc
  hunc clypeum hosti tuo opponas infernali._ [_By the crucifix._

  _Gas. Olim hasta valuisti in bello; nunc hanc sacrum hastam vibrabis
  contra hostem animarum._ [_By the hallowed taper._

  _Lod. Attende, domine Brachiane; si nunc quoque probas ea quæ acta sunt
  inter nos, flecte caput in dextrum._

  _Gas. Esto securus, domine Brachiane; cogita quantum habeas meritorum;
  denique memineris meam animam pro tuâ oppignoratam si quid esset

  _Lod. Si nunc quoque probas ea quæ acta sunt inter nos, flecte caput in
  He is departing: pray, stand all apart,
  And let us only whisper in his ears
  Some private meditations, which our order
  Permits you not to hear.

  [_Here, the rest being departed_, LODOVICO _and_ GASPARO _discover

  _Gas._ Brachiano,--

  _Lod._ Devil Brachiano, thou art damned.

  _Gas._ Perpetually.

  _Lod._ A slave condemned and given up to the gallows
  Is thy great lord and master.

  _Gas._ True; for thou
  Art given up to the devil.

  _Lod._ O you slave!
  You that were held the famous politician,
  Whose art was poison!

  _Gas._ And whose conscience, murder!

  _Lod._ That would have broke your wife's neck down the stairs,
  Ere she was poisoned!

  _Gas._ That had your villanous salads!

  _Lod._ And fine embroidered bottles and perfumes,
  Equally mortal with a winter-plague!

  _Gas._ Now there's mercury--

  _Lod._ And copperas--

  _Gas._ And quicksilver--

  _Lod._ With other devilish pothecary stuff,
  A-melting in your politic brains: dost hear?

  _Gas._ This is Count Lodovico.

  _Lod._ This, Gasparo:
  And thou shalt die like a poor rogue.

  _Gas._ And stink
  Like a dead fly-blown dog.

  _Lod._ And be forgotten
  Before thy funeral sermon.

  _Brach._ Vittoria!

  _Lod_, O, the cursèd devil
  Comes to himself again! we are undone.

  _Gas._ Strangle him in private.


                 What, will you call him again
  To live in treble torments? for charity,
  For Christian charity, avoid the chamber.

  _Lod._ You would prate, sir? This is a true-love-knot
  Sent from the Duke of Florence.
  [_He strangles_ BRACHIANO.

  _Gas._ What, is it done?

  _Lod._ The snuff is out. No woman-keeper i' the world,
  Though she had practised seven year at the pest-house,
  Could have done't quaintlier.


                     My lords, he's dead.

  _Omnes._ Rest to his soul!

  _Vit. Cor._ O me! this place is hell. [_Exit._

  _Fran. de Med._ How heavily she takes it!

  _Flam._ O, yes, yes;
  Had women navigable rivers in their eyes,
  They would dispend them all: surely, I wonder
  Why we should wish more rivers to the city,
  When they sell water so good cheap. I'll tell thee,
  These are but moonish shades of griefs or fears;
  There's nothing sooner dry than women's tears.
  Why, here's an end of all my harvest; he has given me nothing.
  Court promises! let wise men count them cursed,
  For while you live, he that scores best pays worst.

  _Fran. de Med._ Sure, this was Florence' doing.

  _Flam._ Very likely.
  Those are found weighty strokes which come from the hand,
  But those are killing strokes which come from the head.
  O, the rare tricks of a Machiavelian!
  He doth not come, like a gross plodding slave,
  And buffet you to death: no, my quaint knave,
  He tickles you to death, makes you die laughing,
  As if you had swallowed down a pound of saffron.
  You see the feat, 'tis practised in a trice;
  To teach court honesty, it jumps on ice.

  _Fran. de Med._ Now have the people liberty to talk,
  And descant on his vices.

  _Flam._ Misery of princes,
  That must of force be censured by their slaves!
  Not only blamed for doing things are ill,
  But for not doing all that all men will:
  One were better be a thresher.
  Ud's death, I would fain speak with this duke yet.

  _Fran. de Med._ Now he's dead?

  _Flam._ I cannot conjure; but if prayers or oaths
  Will get to the speech of him, though forty devils
  Wait on him in his livery of flames,
  I'll speak to him, and shake him by the hand,
  Though I be blasted. [_Exit._

  _Fran. de Med._ Excellent Lodovico!
  What, did you terrify him at the last gasp?

  _Lod._ Yes, and so idly, that the duke had like
  To have terrified us.

  _Fran. de Med._ How?

  _Lod._ You shall hear that hereafter.

   _Enter_ ZANCHE.

  See, yon's the infernal that would make up sport.
  Now to the revelation of that secret
  She promised when she fell in love with you.

  _Fran. de Med._ You're passionately met in this sad world.

  _Zanche._ I would have you look up, sir; these court-tears
  Claim not your tribute to them: let those weep
  That guiltily partake in the sad cause.
  I knew last night, by a sad dream I had,
  Some mischief would ensue; yet, to say truth,
  My dream most concerned you.

  _Lod._ Shall's fall a-dreaming?

  _Fran. de Med._ Yes; and for fashion sake I'll dream with her.

  _Zanche._ Methought, sir, you came stealing to my bed.

  _Fran. de Med._ Wilt thou believe me, sweeting? by this light,
  I was a-dreamt on thee too; for methought
  I saw thee naked.

  _Zanche._ Fie, sir! As I told you,
  Methought you lay down by me.

  _Fran. de Med._ So dreamt I;
  And lest thou shouldst take cold, I covered thee
  With this Irish mantle.

  _Zanche._ Verily, I did dream
  You were somewhat bold with me: but to come to't--

  _Lod._ How, how! I hope you will not go to't here.

  _Fran. de Med._ Nay, you must hear my dream out.

  _Zanche._ Well, sir, forth.

  _Fran. de Med._ When I threw the mantle o'er thee, thou didst laugh
  Exceedingly, methought.

  _Zanche._ Laugh!

  _Fran. de Med._ And cried'st out,
  The hair did tickle thee.

  _Zanche._ There was a dream indeed!

  _Lod._ Mark her, I prithee; she simpers like the suds
  A collier hath been washed in.

  _Zanche._ Come, sir, good fortune tends you. I did tell you
  I would reveal a secret: Isabella,
  The Duke of Florence' sister, was impoisoned
  By a fumed picture; and Camillo's neck
  Was broke by damned Flamineo, the mischance
  Laid on a vaulting-horse.

  _Fran. de Med._ Most strange!

  _Zanche._ Most true.

  _Lod._ The bed of snakes is broke.

  _Zanche._ I sadly do confess I had a hand
  In the black deed.

  _Fran. de Med._ Thou kept'st their counsel?

  _Zanche._ Right;
  For which, urged with contrition, I intend
  This night to rob Vittoria.

  _Lod._ Excellent penitence!
  Usurers dream on't while they sleep out sermons.

  _Zanche._ To further our escape, I have entreated
  Leave to retire me, till the funeral,
  Unto a friend i' the country: that excuse
  Will further our escape. In coin and jewels
  I shall at least make good unto your use
  An hundred thousand crowns.

  _Fran. de Med._ O noble wench!

  _Lod._ Those crowns we'll share.

  _Zanche._ It is a dowry,
  Methinks, should make that sun-burnt proverb false,
  And wash the Æthiop white.

  _Fran. de Med._ It shall. Away!

  _Zanche._ Be ready for our flight.

  _Fran. de Med._ An hour 'fore day. [_Exit_ ZANCHE.
  O strange discovery! why, till now we knew not
  The circumstance of either of their deaths.

   _Re-enter_ ZANCHE.

  _Zanche._ You'll wait about midnight in the chapel?

  _Fran. de Med._ There. [_Exit_ ZANCHE.

  _Lod._ Why, now our action's justified.

  _Fran. de Med._ Tush for justice!
  What harms it justice? we now, like the partridge,
  Purge the disease with laurel;[85] for the fame
  Shall crown the enterprize, and quit the shame.

  SCENE IV.--_An Apartment in a Palace at Padua._

   _Enter_ FLAMINEO _and_ GASPARO, _at one door; another way_, GIOVANNI,

  _Gas._ The young duke: did you e'er see a sweeter prince?

  _Flam._ I have known a poor woman's bastard better favoured; this is
  behind him; now, to his face, all comparisons were hateful. Wise was
  the courtly peacock that, being a great minion, and being compared
  for beauty by some dottrels,[86] that stood by, to the kingly eagle,
  said the eagle was a far fairer bird than herself, not in respect of
  her feathers, but in respect of her long talons: his will grow out in
  time.--My gracious lord!

  _Gio._ I pray, leave me, sir.

  _Flam._ Your grace must be merry: 'tis I have cause to mourn; for, wot
  you, what said the little boy that rode behind his father on horseback?

  _Gio._ Why, what said he?

  _Flam._ "When you are dead, father," said he, "I hope that I shall ride
  in the saddle." O, 'tis a brave thing for a man to sit by himself! he
  may stretch himself in the stirrups, look about, and see the whole
  compass of the hemisphere. You're now, my lord, i' the saddle.

  _Gio._ Study your prayers, sir, and be penitent:
  'Twere fit you'd think on what hath former bin;
  I have heard grief named the eldest child of sin.

  _Flam._ Study my prayers! he threatens me divinely:
  I am falling to pieces already. I care not though, like Anacharsis, I
  were pounded to death in a mortar: and yet that death were fitter for
  usurers, gold and themselves to be beaten together, to make a most
  cordial cullis[87] for the devil.
  He hath his uncle's villainous look already,
  _In decimo sexto._

   _Enter_ Courtier.

                       Now, sir, what are you?

  _Cour._ It is the pleasure, sir, of the young duke,
  That you forbear the presence, and all rooms
  That owe him reverence.

  _Flam._ So, the wolf and the raven
  Are very pretty fools when they are young.
  Is it your office, sir, to keep me out?

  _Cour._ So the duke wills.

  _Flam._ Verily, master courtier, extremity is not to be used in all
  offices: say that a gentlewoman were taken out of her bed about
  midnight, and committed to Castle Angelo, or to the tower yonder, with
  nothing about her but her smock, would it not show a cruel part in the
  gentleman-porter to lay claim to her upper garment, pull it o'er her
  head and ears, and put her in naked?

  _Cour._ Very good: you are merry. [_Exit._

  _Flam._ Doth he make a court-ejectment of me? a flaming fire-brand
  casts more smoke without a chimney than within't. I'll smoor[88] some
  of them.


  How now! thou art sad.

  _Fran. de Med._ I met even now with the most piteous sight.

  _Flam._ Thou meet'st another here, a pitiful
  Degraded courtier.

  _Fran. de Med._ Your reverend mother
  Is grown a very old woman in two hours.
  I found them winding of Marcello's corse;
  And there is such a solemn melody,
  'Tween doleful songs, tears, and sad elegies,--
  Such as old grandams watching by the dead
  Were wont to outwear the nights with,--that, believe me,
  I had no eyes to guide me forth the room,
  They were so o'ercharged with water.

  _Flam._ I will see them.

  _Fran. de Med._ 'Twere much uncharity in you; for your sight
  Will add unto their tears.

  _Flam._ I will see them:
  They are behind the traverse;[89] I'll discover
  Their superstitious howling. [_Draws the Curtain._

   CORNELIA, ZANCHE, _and three other_ Ladies _discovered winding_
   MARCELLO'S _corse. A Song._

  _Cor._ This rosemary is withered; pray, get fresh.
  I would have these herbs grow up in his grave,
  When I am dead and rotten. Reach the bays,
  I'll tie a garland here about his head;
  'Twill keep my boy from lightning. This sheet
  I have kept this twenty year, and every day
  Hallowed it with my prayers: I did not think
  He should have wore it.

  _Zanche._ Look you who are yonder.

  _Cor._ O, reach me the flowers.

  _Zanche._ Her ladyship's foolish.

  _Lady._ Alas, her grief
  Hath turned her child again!

  _Cor._ You're very welcome:
  There's rosemary for you;--and rue for you;--
  Heart's-ease for you; I pray make much of it:
  I have left more for myself.

  _Fran. de Med._ Lady, who's this?

  _Cor._ You are, I take it, the grave-maker.

  _Flam._ So.

  _Zanche._ 'Tis Flamineo.

  _Cor._ Will you make me such a fool? here's a white hand:
  Can blood so soon be washed out? let me see;
  When screech-owls croak upon the chimney-tops,
  And the strange cricket i' the oven sings and hops,
  When yellow spots do on your hands appear,
  Be certain then you of a corse shall hear.
  Out upon't, how 'tis speckled! h'as handled a toad, sure.
  Cowslip-water is good for the memory:
  Pray, buy me three ounces of't.

  _Flam._ I would I were from hence.

  _Cor._ Do you hear, sir?
  I'll give you a saying which my grandmother
  Was wont, when she heard the bell toll, to sing o'er
  Unto her lute.

  _Flam._ Do, an you will, do.

  _Cor._ "Call for the robin-red-breast and the wren,
  [CORNELIA _doth this in several forms of distraction._
  Since o'er shady groves they hover,
  And with leaves and flowers do cover
  The friendless bodies of unburied men.
  Call unto his funeral dole
  The ant, the field-mouse, and the mole,
  To rear him hillocks that shall keep him warm,
  And (when gay tombs are robbed) sustain no harm:
  But keep the wolf far thence, that's foe to men,
  For with his nails he'll dig them up again."[90]
  They would not bury him 'cause he died in a quarrel;
  But I have an answer for them:
  "Let holy church receive him duly,
  Since he paid the church-tithes truly."
  His wealth is summed, and this is all his store,
  This poor men get, and great men get no more.
  Now the wares are gone, we may shut up shop.
  Bless you all, good people.
  [_Exeunt_ CORNELIA, ZANCHE, _and_ Ladies.

  _Flam._ I have a strange thing in me, to the which
  I cannot give a name, without it be
  Compassion. I pray, leave me.
  This night I'll know the utmost of my fate;
  I'll be resolved[91] what my rich sister means
  To assign me for my service. I have lived
  Riotously ill, like some that live in court,
  And sometimes when my face was full of smiles,
  Have felt the maze of conscience in my breast.
  Oft gay and honoured robes those tortures try:
  We think caged birds sing, when indeed they cry.

   _Enter_ BRACHIANO'S _ghost, in his leather cassock and breeches, boots
   and cowl; in his hand a pot of lily-flowers, with a skull in it._

  Ha! I can stand thee: nearer, nearer yet.
  What a mockery hath death made thee! thou look'st sad.
  In what place art thou? in yon starry gallery?
  Or in the cursèd dungeon?--No? not speak?
  Pray, sir, resolve me, what religion's best
  For a man to die in? or is it in your knowledge
  To answer me how long I have to live?
  That's the most necessary question:
  Not answer? are you still like some great men
  That only walk like shadows up and down,
  And to no purpose? say:--
  [_The_ Ghost _throws earth upon him, and shows him the skull._
  What's that? O, fatal! he throws earth upon me!
  A dead man's skull beneath the roots of flowers!--
  I pray, speak, sir: our Italian churchmen
  Make us believe dead men hold conference
  With their familiars, and many times
  Will come to bed to them, and eat with them.
  [_Exit_ Ghost.
  He's gone; and see, the skull and earth are vanished.
  This is beyond melancholy. I do dare my fate
  To do its worst. Now to my sister's lodging,
  And sum up all these horrors: the disgrace
  The prince threw on me; next the piteous sight
  Of my dead brother; and my mother's dotage;
  And last this terrible vision: all these
  Shall with Vittoria's bounty turn to good.
  Or I will drown this weapon in her blood. [_Exit._

  SCENE V.--_A Street in Padua._


  _Lod._ My lord, upon my soul, you shall no further;
  You have most ridiculously engaged yourself
  Too far already. For my part, I have paid
  All my debts; so, if I should chance to fall,
  My creditors fall not with me; and I vow
  To quit all in this bold assembly
  To the meanest follower. My lord, leave the city;
  Or I'll forswear the murder. [_Exit._

  _Fran. de Med._ Farewell, Lodovico:
  If thou dost perish in this glorious act,
  I'll rear unto thy memory that fame
  Shall in the ashes keep alive thy name. [_Exit._

  _Hor._ There's some black deed on foot. I'll presently
  Down to the citadel, and raise some force.
  These strong court-factions, that do brook no checks,
  In the career oft break the riders' necks. [_Exit._

  SCENE VI.--_An Apartment in_ VITTORIA'S _House._

   _Enter_ VITTORIA COROMBONA _with a book in her hand, and_ ZANCHE;
   FLAMINEO _following them._

  _Flam._ What, are you at your prayers? give o'er.

  _Vit. Cor._ How, ruffian!

  _Flam._ I come to you 'bout worldly business:
  Sit down, sit down:--nay, stay, blouze,[92] you may hear it:--
  The doors are fast enough.

  _Vit. Cor._ Ha, are you drunk?

  _Flam._ Yes, yes, with wormwood-water: you shall taste
  Some of it presently.

  _Vit: Cor._ What intends the Fury?

  _Flam._ You are my lord's executrix; and I claim
  Reward for my long service.

  _Vit. Cor._ For your service!

  _Flam._ Come, therefore, here is pen and ink; set down
  What you will give me.

  _Vit Cor._ There. [_Writes_.

  _Flam._ Ha! have you done already?
  'Tis a most short conveyance.

  _Vit. Cor._ I will read it: [_Reads._
  "I give that portion to thee, and no other,
  Which Cain groaned under, having slain his brother."

  _Flam._ A most courtly patent to beg by!

  _Vit. Cor._ You are a villain.

  _Flam._ Is't come to this? They say, affrights cure agues:
  Thou hast a devil in thee; I will try
  If I can scare him from thee. Nay, sit still:
  My lord hath left me yet two case[93] of jewels
  Shall make me scorn your bounty; you shall see them. [_Exit._

  _Vit. Cor._ Sure, he's distracted.

  _Zanche._ O, he's desperate:
  For your own safety give him gentle language.

   _Re-enter_ FLAMINEO _with two case of pistols._

  _Flam._ Look, these are better far at a dead lift
  Than all your jewel-house.

  _Vit. Cor._ And yet, methinks,
  These stones have no fair lustre, they are ill set.

  _Flam._ I'll turn the right side towards you: you shall see
  How they will sparkle.

  _Vit. Cor._ Turn this horror from me!
  What do you want? what would you have me do?
  Is not all mine yours? have I any children?

  _Flam._ Pray thee, good woman, do not trouble me
  With this vain worldly business; say your prayers:
  I made a vow to my deceasèd lord,
  Neither yourself nor I should outlive him
  The numbering of four hours.

  _Vit. Cor._ Did he enjoin it?

  _Flam._ He did; and 'twas a deadly jealousy,
  Lest any should enjoy thee after him,
  That urged him vow me to it. For my death,
  I did propound it voluntarily, knowing,
  If he could not be safe in his own court,
  Being a great duke, what hope, then, for us?

  _Vit. Cor._ This is your melancholy and despair.

  _Flam._ Away!
  Fool thou art to think that politicians
  Do use to kill the effects of injuries
  And let the cause live. Shall we groan in irons,
  Or be a shameful and a weighty burden
  To a public scaffold? This is my resolve;
  I would not live at any man's entreaty,
  Nor die at any's bidding.

  _Vit. Cor._ Will you hear me?

  _Flam._ My life hath done service to other men;
  My death shall serve mine own turn. Make you ready.

  _Vit. Cor._ Do you mean to die indeed?

  _Flam._ With as much pleasure
  As e'er my father gat me.

  _Vit. Cor._ Are the doors locked?

  _Zanche._ Yes, madam.

  _Vit. Cor._ Are you grown an atheist? will you turn your body,
  Which is the goodly palace of the soul,
  To the soul's slaughter-house? O, the cursèd devil,
  Which doth present us with all other sins
  Thrice-candied o'er; despair with gall and stibium;
  Yet we carouse it off;--Cry out for help!--
  [_Aside to_ ZANCHE.
  Makes us forsake that which was made for man,
  The world, to sink to that was made for devils,
  Eternal darkness!

  _Zanche._ Help, help!

  _Flam._ I'll stop your throat
  With winter-plums.

  _Vit. Cor._ I prithee, yet remember,
  Millions are now in graves, which at last day
  Like mandrakes, shall rise shrieking.[94]

  _Flam._ Leave your prating,
  For these are but grammatical laments,
  Feminine arguments: and they move me,
  As some in pulpits move their auditory,
  More with their exclamation than sense
  Of reason or sound doctrine.

  _Zanche_ [_Aside to_ VIT.]. Gentle madam,
  Seem to consent, only persuade him teach
  The way to death; let him die first.

  _Vit. Cor._ 'Tis good. I apprehend it,
  To kill one's self is meat that we must take
  Like pills, not chew't, but quickly swallow it;
  The smart o' the wound, or weakness of the hand,
  May else bring treble torments.

  _Flam._ I have held it
  A wretched and most miserable life
  Which is not able to die.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, but frailty!
  Yet I am now resolved: farewell, affliction!
  Behold, Brachiano, I that while you lived
  Did make a flaming altar of my heart
  To sacrifice unto you, now am ready
  To sacrifice heart and all.--Farewell, Zanche!

  _Zanche._ How, madam! do you think that I'll outlive you;
  Especially when my best self, Flamineo,
  Goes the same voyage?

  _Flam._ O, most lovèd Moor!

  _Zanche._ Only by all my love let me entreat you,--
  Since it is most necessary one of us
  Do violence on ourselves,--let you or I
  Be her sad taster, teach her how to die.

  _Flam._ Thou dost instruct me nobly: take these pistols,
  Because my hand is stained with blood already:
  Two of these you shall level at my breast,
  The other 'gainst your own, and so we'll die
  Most equally contented: but first swear
  Not to outlive me.

  _Vit. Cor. and Zanche._ Most religiously.

  _Flam._ Then here's an end of me; farewell, daylight!
  And, O contemptible physic, that dost take
  So long a study, only to preserve
  So short a life, I take my leave of thee!--
  These are two cupping-glasses that shall draw
  [_Showing the pistols._
  All my infected blood out. Are you ready?

  _Vit. Cor. and Zanche._ Ready.

  _Flam._ Whither shall I go now? O Lucian, thy ridiculous purgatory!
  to find Alexander the Great cobbling shoes, Pompey tagging points,
  and Julius Cæsar making hair-buttons! Hannibal selling blacking, and
  Augustus crying garlic! Charlemagne selling lists by the dozen, and
  King Pepin crying apples in a cart drawn with one horse!
  Whether I resolve to fire, earth, water, air,
  Or all the elements by scruples, I know not,
  Nor greatly care.--Shoot, shoot:
  Of all deaths the violent death is best;
  For from ourselves it steals ourselves so fast,
  The pain, once apprehended, is quite past.
  [_They shoot: he falls; and they run to him, and tread upon him._

  _Vit. Cor._ What, are you dropt?

  _Flam._ I am mixed with earth already: as you are noble,
  Perform your vows, and bravely follow me.

  _Vit. Cor._ Whither? to hell?

  _Zanche._ To most assured damnation?

  _Vit. Cor._ O thou most cursèd devil!

  _Zanche._ Thou art caught--

  _Vit. Cor._ In thine own engine. I tread the fire out
  That would have been my ruin.

  _Flam._ Will you be perjured? what a religious oath was Styx, that the
  gods never durst swear by, and violate! O, that we had such an oath to
  minister, and to be so well kept in our courts of justice!

  _Vit. Cor._ Think whither thou art going.

  _Zanche._ And remember
  What villanies thou hast acted.

  _Vit. Cor._ This thy death
  Shall make me like a blazing ominous star:
  Look up and tremble.

  _Flam._ O, I am caught with a springe!

  _Vit. Cor._ You see the fox comes many times short home;
  'Tis here proved true.

  _Flam._ Killed with a couple of braches![95]

  _Vit. Cor._ No fitter offering for the infernal Furies
  Than one in whom they reigned while he was living.

  _Flam._ O, the way's dark and horrid! I cannot see:
  Shall I have no company?

  _Vit. Cor._ O, yes, thy sins
  Do run before thee to fetch fire from hell,
  To light thee thither.

  _Flam._ O, I smell soot,
  Most stinking soot! the chimney is a-fire:
  My liver's parboiled, like Scotch holly-bread;
  There's a plumber laying pipes in my guts, it scalds.--
  Wilt thou outlive me?

  _Zanche._ Yes, and drive a stake.
  Through thy body; for we'll give it out
  Thou didst this violence upon thyself.

  _Flam._ O cunning devils! now I have tried your love,
  And doubled all your reaches.--I am not wounded;
  The pistols held no bullets: 'twas a plot
  To prove your kindness to me; and I live
  To punish your ingratitude. I knew,
  One time or other, you would find a way
  To give me a strong potion.--O men
  That lie upon your death-beds, and are haunted
  With howling wives, ne'er trust them! they'll re-marry
  Ere the worm pierce your winding-sheet, ere the spider
  Make a thin curtain for your epitaphs.--
  How cunning you were to discharge! do you practise at the
  Artillery-yard?--Trust a woman! never, never! Brachiano be my
  precedent. We lay our souls to pawn to the devil for a little pleasure,
  and a woman makes the bill of sale. That ever man should marry! For one
  Hypermnestra[96] that saved her lord and husband, forty-nine of her
  sisters cut their husbands' throats all in one night: there was a shoal
  of virtuous horse-leeches!--Here are two other instruments.

  _Vit. Cor._ Help, help!


  _Flam._ What noise is that? ha! false keys i' the court!

  _Lod._ We have brought you a mask.

  _Flam._ A matachin,[97] it seems by your drawn swords.
  Churchmen turned revellers!

  _Carlo._ Isabella! Isabella!

  _Lod._ Do you know us now?

  _Flam._ Lodovico! and Gasparo!

  _Lod._ Yes; and that Moor the duke gave pension to
  Was the great Duke of Florence.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, we are lost!

  _Flam._ You shall not take justice from forth my hands,--
  O, let me kill her!--I'll cut my safety
  Through your coats of steel. Fate's a spaniel,
  We cannot beat it from us. What remains now?
  Let all that do ill, take this precedent,--
  Man may his fate foresee, but not prevent:
  And of all axioms this shall win the prize,--
  'Tis better to be fortunate than wise.

  _Gas._ Bind him to the pillar.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, your gentle pity!
  I have seen a blackbird that would sooner fly
  To a man's bosom, than to stay the gripe
  Of the fierce sparrowhawk.

  _Gas._ Your hope deceives you.

  _Vit. Cor._ If Florence be i' the court, would he would kill me!

  _Gas._ Fool! princes give rewards with their own hands,
  But death or punishment by the hands of others.

  _Lod._ Sirrah, you once did strike me: I'll strike you
  Into the centre.

  _Flam._ Thou'lt do it like a hangman, a base hangman,
  Not like a noble fellow; for thou see'st
  I cannot strike again.

  _Lod._ Dost laugh?

  _Flam._ Would'st have me die, as I was born, in whining?

  _Gas._ Recommend yourself to Heaven.

  _Flam._ No, I will carry mine own commendations thither.

  _Lod._ O, could I kill you forty times a day,
  And use't four year together, 'twere too little!
  Naught grieves but that you are too few to feed
  The famine of our vengeance. What dost think on?

  _Flam._ Nothing; of nothing: leave thy idle questions.
  I am i' the way to study a long silence:
  To prate were idle. I remember nothing.
  There's nothing of so infinite vexation
  As man's own thoughts.

  _Lod._ O thou glorious strumpet!
  Could I divide thy breath from this pure air
  When't leaves thy body, I would suck it up,
  And breathe't upon some dunghill.

  _Vit. Cor._ You, my death's-man!
  Methinks thou dost not look horrid enough,
  Thou hast too good a face to be a hangman:
  If thou be, do thy office in right form;
  Fall down upon thy knees, and ask forgiveness.

  _Lod._ O, thou hast been a most prodigious comet
  But I'll cut off your train,--kill the Moor first.

  _Vit. Cor._ You shall not kill her first; behold my breast:
  I will be waited on in death; my servant
  Shall never go before me.

  _Gas._ Are you so brave?

  _Vit. Cor._ Yes, I shall welcome death
  As princes do some great ambassadors;
  I'll meet thy weapon half way.

  _Lod._ Thou dost tremble:
  Methinks fear should dissolve thee into air.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, thou art deceived, I am too true a woman:
  Conceit can never kill me. I'll tell thee what,
  I will not in my death shed one base tear;
  Or if look pale, for want of blood, not fear.

  _Carlo._ Thou art my task, black Fury,

  _Zanche._ I have blood
  As red as either of theirs: wilt drink some?
  'Tis good for the falling-sickness. I am proud
  Death cannot alter my complexion,
  For I shall ne'er look pale.

  _Lod._ Strike, strike,
  With a joint motion.
  [_They stab_ VITTORIA, ZANCHE, _and_ FLAMINEO.

  _Vit. Cor._ 'Twas a manly blow:
  The next thou giv'st, murder some sucking infant;
  And then thou wilt be famous.

  _Flam._ O, what blade is't?
  A Toledo, or an English fox?[98]
  I ever thought a cutler should distinguish
  The cause of my death, rather than a doctor.
  Search my wound deeper; tent it with the steel
  That made it.

  _Vit. Cor._ O, my greatest sin lay in my blood
  Now my blood pays for't.

  _Flam._ Thou'rt a noble sister!
  I love thee now: if woman do breed man,
  She ought to teach him manhood: fare thee well.
  Know, many glorious women that are famed
  For masculine virtue have been vicious,
  Only a happier silence did betide them:
  She hath no faults who hath the art to hide them.

  _Vit. Cor._ My soul, like to a ship in a black storm,
  Is driven, I know not whither.

  _Flam._ Then cast anchor.
  Prosperity doth bewitch men, seeming clear;
  But seas do laugh, show white, when rocks are near.
  We cease to grieve, cease to be fortune's slaves,
  Nay, cease to die, by dying. Art thou gone?
  And thou so near the bottom? false report,
  Which says that women vie with the nine Muses
  For nine tough durable lives! I do not look
  Who went before, nor who shall follow me;
  No, at myself I will begin and end.
  While we look up to Heaven, we confound
  Knowledge with knowledge. O, I am in a mist!

  _Vit. Cor._ O, happy they that never saw the court,
  Nor ever knew great men but by report! [_Dies._

  _Flam._ I recover like a spent taper, for a flash,
  And instantly go out.
  Let all that belong to great men remember the old wives' tradition, to
  be like the lions i' the Tower, on Candlemas-day: to mourn if the sun
  shine, for fear of the pitiful remainder of winter to come.
  'Tis well yet there's some goodness in my death;
  My life was a black charnel. I have caught
  An everlasting cold; I have lost my voice
  Most irrecoverably. Farewell, glorious villains!
  This busy trade of life appears most vain,
  Since rest breeds rest, where all seek pain by pain.
  Let no harsh flattering bells resound my knell;
  Strike, thunder, and strike loud, to my farewell!

  _Eng. Am._ [_Within_]. This way, this way! break ope the doors! this way!

  _Lod._ Ha! are we betrayed?
  Why, then let's constantly die all together;
  And having finished this most noble deed,
  Defy the worst of fate, not fear to bleed:

   _Enter_ Ambassadors _and_ GIOVANNI.

  _Eng. Am._ Keep back the prince: shoot, shoot. [_They shoot, and_
  LODOVICO _falls._

  _Lod._ O, I am wounded!
  I fear I shall be ta'en.

  _Gio._ You bloody villains,
  By what authority have you committed
  This massacre?

  _Lod._ By thine.

  _Gio._ Mine!

  _Lod._ Yes; thy uncle,
  Which is a part of thee, enjoined us to't:
  Thou know'st me, I am sure; I am Count Lodowick;
  And thy most noble uncle in disguise
  Was last night in thy court.

  _Gio._ Ha!

  _Carlo._ Yes, that Moor
  Thy father chose his pensioner.

  _Gio._ He turned murderer!--
  Away with them to prison and to torture!
  All that have hands in this shall taste our justice,
  As I hope Heaven.

  _Lod._ I do glory yet
  That I can call this act mine own. For my part,
  The rack, the gallows, and the torturing wheel,
  Shall be but sound sleeps to me: here's my rest;
  I limned this night-piece, and it was my best.

  _Gio._ Remove the bodies.--See, my honoured lords,
  What use you ought make of their punishment:
  Let guilty men remember, their black deeds
  Do lean on crutches made of slender reeds.

  Instead of an EPILOGUE, only this of Martial supplies me:

      _Hæc fuerint nobis præmia, si placui._[99]

  For the action of the play, 'twas generally well, and I dare affirm,
  with the joint-testimony of some of their own quality, for the true
  imitation of life; without striving to make nature a monster, the best
  that ever became them: whereof as I make a general acknowledgment, so
  in particular I must remember the well-approved industry of my friend
  Master Perkins,[100] and confess the worth of his action did crown both
  the beginning and end.


  Webster's tragedy of _The Duchess of Malfi_--"the perfect and exact
  Copy, with diverse things printed, that the length of the Play would
  not bear in the Presentment"--was printed in 1623, having been acted by
  the King's servants at Blackfriars and the Globe, Burbadge playing the
  part of Ferdinand. It was printed again in 1640 and in 1678. Theobald
  published an adaptation of it, called _The Fatal Secret_, in 1735.
  _The Duchess of Malfi_ was revived at the Haymarket in 1707, and again
  at Sadler's Wells in 1850. Concerning its performance at the latter
  theatre Professor Ward remarks, "I remember, not many years ago, seeing
  _The Duchess of Malfi_ well acted by Miss Glyn; the impression which
  the tragedy produces on the stage is indescribable."

  The story of this play is in the _Novelle_ of Bendello, Part I., N. 26.
  Through Belleforest's French version it found its way into Paynter's
  _Palace of Pleasure_. Lope de Vega in 1618 wrote _El Mayordomo de la
  Duquesa de Amalfi_.

  To the Rt. Hon. GEORGE HARDING, Baron Berkeley,[101] _Of Berkeley
  Castle, and Knight of the Order of the Bath to the illustrious Prince

  My Noble Lord,

  That I may present my excuse why, being a stranger to your lordship,
  I offer this poem to your patronage, I plead this warrant:--men who
  never saw the sea yet desire to behold that regiment of waters, choose
  some eminent river to guide them thither, and make that, as it were,
  their conduct or postilion: by the like ingenious means has your fame
  arrived at my knowledge, receiving it from some of worth, who both in
  contemplation and practice owe to your honour their clearest service.
  I do not altogether look up at your title; the ancientest nobility
  being but a relic of time past, and the truest honour indeed being
  for a map to confer honour on himself, which your learning strives to
  propagate, and shall make you arrive at the dignity of a great example.
  I am confident this work is not unworthy your honour's perusal; for by
  such poems as this poets have kissed the hands of great princes, and
  drawn their gentle eyes to look down upon their sheets of paper when
  the poets themselves were bound up in their winding-sheets. The like
  courtesy from your lordship shall make you live in your grave, and
  laurel spring out of it, when the ignorant scorners of the Muses, that
  like worms in libraries seem to live only to destroy learning, shall
  wither neglected and forgotten. This work and myself I humbly present
  to your approved censure, it being the utmost of my wishes to have your
  honourable self my weighty and perspicuous comment; which grace so done
  me shall ever be acknowledged

  By your lordship's in all duty and observance,




      In this thou imitat'st one rich and wise,
      That sees his good deeds done before he dies:
      As he by works, thou by this work of fame
      Hath well provided for thy living name.
      To trust to others' honourings is worth's crime,
      Thy monument is raised in thy life-time;
      And 'tis most just; for every worthy man
      Is his own marble, and his merit can
      Cut him to any figure, and express
      More art than death's cathedral palaces
      Where royal ashes keep their court. Thy note
      Be ever plainness; 'tis the richest coat:
      Thy epitaph only the title be,
      Write DUCHESS, that will fetch a tear for thee;
      For who e'er saw this Duchess live and die,
      That could get off under a bleeding eye?
                     In Tragædiam.
      Ut lux ex tenebris ictu percussa tonantis,
      Illa, ruina malis, claris fit vita poetis.
                           THOMAS MIDDLETONUS,
                        Poeta et Chron. Londinensis.

         *       *       *       *       *


      I never saw thy Duchess till the day
      That she was lively bodied in thy play:
      Howe'er she answered her low-rated love
      Her brothers' anger did so fatal prove,
      Yet my opinion is, she might speak more,
      But never in her life so well before.
                         WIL. ROWLEY.

         *       *       *       *       *


      Crown him a poet, whom nor Rome nor Greece
      Transcend in all their's for a masterpiece;
      In which, whiles words and matter change, and men
      Act one another, he, from whose clear pen
      They all took life, to memory hath lent
      A lasting fame to raise his monument.
                       JOHN FORD.


  FERDINAND, Duke of Calabria.

  The CARDINAL, his Brother.

  ANTONIO BOLOGNA, Steward of the household to the DUCHESS.

  DELIO, his Friend.

  DANIEL DE BOSOLA, Gentleman of the horse to the DUCHESS.








  Several Madmen, Pilgrims, Executioners, Officers, Attendants, &c.


  CARIOLA, her Woman.

  JULIA, Castruccio's Wife, and the Cardinal's Mistress.

  Old Lady, Ladies and Children.




  SCENE I.--_The Presence-chamber in the_ DUCHESS' _Palace at Malfi._

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Delio._ You are welcome to your country, dear Antonio;
  You have been long in France, and you return
  A very formal Frenchman in your habit:
  How do you like the French court?

  _Ant._ I admire it:
  In seeking to reduce both state and people
  To a fixed order, their judicious king
  Begins at home; quits first his royal palace
  Of flattering sycophants, of dissolute
  And infamous persons,--which he sweetly terms
  His master's master-piece, the work of Heaven;
  Considering duly that a prince's court
  Is like a common fountain, whence should flow
  Pure silver drops in general, but if't chance
  Some cursed example poison't near the head,
  Death and diseases through the whole land spread.
  And what is't makes this blessèd government
  But a most provident council, who dare freely
  Inform him the corruption of the times?
  Though some o' the court hold it presumption
  To instruct princes what they ought to do,
  It is a noble duty to inform them
  What they ought to foresee.--Here comes Bosola,
  The only court-gall; yet I observe his railing
  Is not for simple love of piety:
  Indeed, he rails at those things which he wants;
  Would be as lecherous, covetous, or proud,
  Bloody, or envious, as any man,
  If he had means to be so.--Here's the cardinal.

   _Enter the_ Cardinal _and_ BOSOLA.

  _Bos._ I do haunt you still.

  _Card._ So.

  _Bos._ I have done you better service than to be slighted thus.
  Miserable age, where only the reward of doing well is the doing of it!

  _Card._ You enforce your merit too much.

  _Bos._ I fell into the galleys in your service; where, for two years
  together, I wore two towels instead of a shirt, with a knot on the
  shoulder, after the fashion of a Roman mantle. Slighted thus! I will
  thrive some way: blackbirds fatten best in hard weather; why not I in
  these dog-days?

  _Card._ Would you could become honest!

  _Bos._ With all your divinity do but direct me the way to it. I have
  known many travel far for it, and yet return as arrant knaves as they
  went forth, because they carried themselves always along with them.
  [_Exit_ Cardinal.] Are you gone? Some fellows, they say, are possessed
  with the devil, but this great fellow were able to possess the greatest
  devil, and make him worse.

  _Ant._ He hath denied thee some suit?

  _Bos._ He and his brother are like plum-trees that grow crooked over
  standing-pools; they are rich and o'er-laden with fruit, but none but
  crows, pies, and caterpillars feed on them. Could I be one of their
  flattering panders, I would hang on their ears like a horseleech, till
  I were full, and then drop off. I pray, leave me. Who would rely upon
  these miserable dependancies, in expectation to be advanced to-morrow?
  what creature ever fed worse than hoping Tantalus? nor ever died any
  man more fearfully than he that hoped for a pardon. There are rewards
  for hawks and dogs when they have done us service; but for a soldier
  that hazards his limbs in a battle, nothing but a kind of geometry is
  his last supportation.

  _Delio._ Geometry!

  _Bos._ Ay, to hang in a fair pair of slings, take his latter swing
  in the world upon an honourable pair of crutches, from hospital to
  hospital. Fare ye well, sir: and yet do not you scorn us; for places in
  the court are but like beds in the hospital, where this man's head lies
  at that man's foot, and so lower and lower. [_Exit._

  _Delio._ I knew this fellow seven years in the galleys
  For a notorious murder; and 'twas thought
  The cardinal suborned it: he was released
  By the French general, Gaston de Foix,
  When he recovered Naples.

  _Ant._ 'Tis great pity
  He should be thus neglected: I have heard
  He's very valiant. This foul melancholy
  Will poison all his goodness; for, I'll tell you,
  If too immoderate sleep be truly said
  To be an inward rust unto the soul,
  It then doth follow want of action
  Breeds all black malcontents; and their close rearing,
  Like moths in cloth, do hurt for want of wearing.

  _Delio._ The presence 'gins to fill: you promised me
  To make me the partaker of the natures
  Of some of your great courtiers.

  _Ant._ The lord cardinal's,
  And other strangers' that are now in court?
  I shall.--Here comes the great Calabrian duke.


  _Ferd._ Who took the ring oftenest?[102]

  _Sil._ Antonio Bologna, my lord.

  _Ferd._ Our sister duchess' great-master of her household? give him the
  jewel.--When shall we leave this sportive action, and fall to action

  _Cast._ Methinks, my lord, you should not desire to go to war in person.

  _Ferd._ Now for some gravity:--why, my lord?

  _Cast._ It is fitting a soldier arise to be a prince, but not necessary
  a prince descend to be a captain.

  _Ferd._ No?

  _Cast._ No, my lord; he were far better do it by a deputy.

  _Ferd._ Why should he not as well sleep or eat by a deputy? this might
  take idle, offensive, and base office from him, whereas the other
  deprives him of honour.

  _Cast._ Believe my experience, that realm is never long in quiet where
  the ruler is a soldier.

  _Ferd._ Thou toldest me thy wife could not endure fighting.

  _Cast._ True, my lord.

  _Ferd._ And of a jest she broke of a captain she met full of wounds: I
  have forgot it.

  _Cast._ She told him, my lord, he was a pitiful fellow, to lie, like
  the children of Ismael, all in tents.[103]

  _Ferd._ Why, there's a wit were able to undo all the surgeons o'
  the city; for although gallants should quarrel, and had drawn their
  weapons, and were ready to go to it, yet her persuasions would make
  them put up.

  _Cast._ That she would, my lord.--How do you like my Spanish gennet?

  _Rod._ He is all fire.

  _Ferd._ I am of Pliny's opinion, I think he was begot by the wind; he
  runs as if he were ballassed with quicksilver.

  _Silvio._ True, my lord, he reels from the tilt often.

  _Rod. Gris._ Ha, ha, ha!

  _Ferd._ Why do you laugh? methinks you that are courtiers should be my
  touchwood, take fire when I give fire; that is, laugh but when I laugh,
  were the subject never so witty.

  _Cast._ True, my lord: I myself have heard a very good jest, and have
  scorned to seem to have so silly a wit as to understand it.

  _Ferd._ But I can laugh at your fool, my lord.

  _Cast._ He cannot speak, you know, but he makes faces: my lady cannot
  abide him.

  _Ferd._ No?

  _Cast._ Nor endure to be in merry company; for she says too much
  laughing, and too much company, fills her too full of the wrinkle.

  _Ferd._ I would, then, have a mathematical instrument made for her
  face, that she might not laugh out of compass.--I shall shortly visit
  you at Milan, Lord Silvio.

  _Silvio._ Your grace shall arrive most welcome.

  _Ferd._ You are a good horseman, Antonio: you have excellent riders in
  France: what do you think of good horsemanship?

  _Ant._ Nobly, my lord: as out of the Grecian horse issued many famous
  princes, so out of brave horsemanship arise the first sparks of growing
  resolution, that raise the mind to noble action.

  _Ferd._ You have bespoke it worthily.

  _Silvio._ Your brother, the lord cardinal, and sister duchess.

   _Re-enter_ Cardinal, _with_ DUCHESS, CARIOLA, _and_ JULIA.

  _Card._ Are the galleys come about?

  _Gris._ They are, my lord.

  _Ferd._ Here's the Lord Silvio is come to take his leave.

  _Delio._ Now, sir, your promise; what's that cardinal?
  I mean his temper? they say he's a brave fellow,
  Will play his five thousand crowns at tennis, dance,
  Court ladies, and one that hath fought single combats.

  _Ant._ Some such flashes superficially hang on him for form; but
  observe his inward character: he is a melancholy churchman; the
  spring in his face is nothing but the engendering of toads; where he
  is jealous of any man, he lays worse plots for them than ever was
  imposed on Hercules, for he strews in his way flatterers, panders,
  intelligencers, atheists, and a thousand such political monsters. He
  should have been Pope; but instead of coming to it by the primitive
  decency of the church, he did bestow bribes so largely and so
  impudently as if he would have carried it away without Heaven's
  knowledge. Some good he hath done--

  _Delio._ You have given too much of him. What's his brother?

  _Ant._ The duke there? a most perverse and turbulent nature:
  What appears in him mirth is merely outside;
  If he laugh heartily, it is to laugh
  All honesty out of fashion.

  _Delio._ Twins?

  _Ant._ In quality.
  He speaks with others' tongues, and hears men's suits
  With others' ears; will seem to sleep o' the bench
  Only to entrap offenders in their answers;
  Dooms men to death by information;
  Rewards by hearsay.

  _Delio._ Then the law to him
  Is like a foul black cobweb to a spider,--
  He makes it his dwelling and a prison
  To entangle those shall feed him.

  _Ant._ Most true:
  He never pays debts unless they be shrewd turns,
  And those he will confess that he doth owe.
  Last, for his brother there, the cardinal,
  They that do flatter him most say oracles
  Hang at his lips; and verily I believe them,
  For the devil speaks in them.
  But for their sister, the right noble duchess,
  You never fixed your eye on three fair medals
  Cast in one figure, of so different temper.
  For her discourse, it is so full of rapture,
  You only will begin then to be sorry
  When she doth end her speech, and wish, in wonder,
  She held it less vain-glory to talk much,
  Than your penance to hear her: whilst she speaks,
  She throws upon a man so sweet a look,
  That it were able to raise one to a galliard[104]
  That lay in a dead palsy, and to dote
  On that sweet countenance; but in that look
  There speaketh so divine a continence
  As cuts off all lascivious and vain hope.
  Her days are practised in such noble virtue,
  That sure her nights, nay, more, her very sleeps,
  Are more in Heaven than other ladies' shrifts.
  Let all sweet ladies break their flattering glasses,
  And dress themselves in her.

  _Delio._ Fie, Antonio,
  You play the wire-drawer with her commendations.

  _Ant._ I'll case the picture up: only thus much;
  All her particular worth grows to this sum,--
  She stains the time past, lights the time to come.

  _Cari._ You must attend my lady in the gallery,
  Some half an hour hence.

  _Ant._ I shall. [_Exeunt_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Ferd._ Sister, I have a suit to you.

  _Duch._ To me, sir?

  _Ferd._ A gentleman here, Daniel de Bosola,
  One that was in the galleys--

  _Duch._ Yes, I know him.

  _Ferd._ A worthy fellow he is: pray, let me entreat for
  The provisorship of your horse.

  _Duch._ Your knowledge of him
  Commends him and prefers him.

  _Ferd._ Call him hither. [_Exit_ Attendant.
  We are now upon parting. Good Lord Silvio,
  Do us commend to all our noble friends
  At the leaguer.

  _Silvio._ Sir, I shall.

  _Ferd._ You are for Milan?

  _Silvio._ I am.

  _Duch._ Bring the caroches.[105] We'll bring you down to the haven.
  JULIA, _and_ Attendants.

  _Card._ Be sure you entertain that Bosola
  For your intelligence: I would not be seen in't;
  And therefore many times I have slighted him
  When he did court our furtherance, as this morning.

  _Ferd._ Antonio, the great-master of her household,
  Had been far fitter.

  _Card._ You are deceived in him:
  His nature is too honest for such business.--
  He comes: I'll leave you. [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ BOSOLA.

  _Bos._ I was lured to you.

  _Ferd._ My brother, here, the cardinal could never
  Abide you.

  _Bos._ Never since he was in my debt.

  _Ferd._ May be some oblique character in your face
  Made him suspect you.

  _Bos._ Doth he study physiognomy?
  There's no more credit to be given to the face
  Than to a sick man's urine, which some call
  The physician's whore because she cozens him.
  He did suspect me wrongfully.

  _Ferd._ For that
  You must give great men leave to take their times.
  Distrust doth cause us seldom be deceived:
  You see the oft shaking of the cedar-tree
  Fastens it more at root.

  _Bos._ Yet, take heed;
  For to suspect a friend unworthily
  Instructs him the next way to suspect you,
  And prompts him to deceive you.

  _Ferd._ There's gold.

  _Bos._ So:
  What follows? never rained such showers as these
  Without thunderbolts i' the tail of them: whose throat must I cut?

  _Ferd._ Your inclination to shed blood rides post
  Before my occasion to use you. I give you that
  To live i' the court here, and observe the duchess;
  To note all the particulars of her haviour,[106]
  What suitors do solicit her for marriage,
  And whom she best affects. She's a young widow:
  I would not have her marry again.

  _Bos._ No, sir?

  _Ferd._ Do not you ask the reason; but be satisfied
  I say I would not.

  _Bos._ It seems you would create me
  One of your familiars.

  _Ferd._ Familiar! what's that?

  _Bos._ Why, a very quaint invisible devil in flesh,
  An intelligencer.

  _Ferd._ Such a kind of thriving thing
  I would wish thee; and ere long thou mayest arrive
  At a higher place by't.

  _Bos._ Take your devils,
  Which hell calls angels; these cursed gifts would make
  You a corrupter, me an impudent traitor;
  And should I take these, they'd take me to hell.

  _Ferd._ Sir, I'll take nothing from you that I have given:
  There is a place that I procured for you
  This morning, the provisorship o' the horse;
  Have you heard on't?

  _Bos._ No.

  _Ferd._ 'Tis yours: is't not worth thanks?

  _Bos._ I would have you curse yourself now, that your bounty
  (Which makes men truly noble) e'er should make me
  A villain. O, that to avoid ingratitude
  For the good deed you have done me, I must do
  All the ill man can invent! Thus the devil
  Candies all sins o'er; and what Heaven terms vile,
  That names he complimental.[107]

  _Ferd._ Be yourself;
  Keep your old garb of melancholy; 'twill express
  You envy those that stand above your reach,
  Yet strive not to come near 'em: this will gain
  Access to private lodgings, where yourself
  May, like a politic dormouse--

  _Bos._ As I have seen some
  Feed in a lord's dish, half asleep, not seeming
  To listen to any talk; and yet these rogues
  Have cut his throat in a dream. What's my place?
  The provisorship o' the horse? say, then, my corruption
  Grew out of horse-dung: I am your creature.

  _Ferd._ Away!

  _Bos._ Let good men, for good deeds, covet good fame,
  Since place and riches oft are bribes of shame:
  Sometimes the devil doth preach. [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ DUCHESS, Cardinal, _and_ CARIOLA.

  _Card._ We are to part from you; and your own discretion
  Must now be your director.

  _Ferd._ You are a widow:
  You know already what man is; and therefore
  Let not youth, high promotion, eloquence--

  _Card._ No,
  Nor any thing without the addition, honour,
  Sway your high blood.

  _Ferd._ Marry! they are most luxurious[108]
  Will wed twice.

  _Card._ O, fie!

  _Ferd._ Their livers are more spotted
  Than Laban's sheep.

  _Duch._ Diamonds are of most value,
  They say, that have passed through most jewellers' hands.

  _Ferd._ Whores by that rule are precious.

  _Duch._ Will you hear me?
  I'll never marry.

  _Card._ So most widows say;
  But commonly that motion lasts no longer
  Than the turning of an hour-glass: the funeral sermon
  And it end both together.

  _Ferd._ Now hear me:
  You live in a rank pasture, here, i' the court;
  There is a kind of honey-dew that's deadly;
  'Twill poison your fame; look to't: be not cunning;
  For they whose faces do belie their hearts
  Are witches ere they arrive at twenty years,
  Ay, and give the devil suck.

  _Duch._ This is terrible good counsel.

  _Ferd._ Hypocrisy is woven of a fine small thread,
  Subtler than Vulcan's engine:[109] yet, believe't,
  Your darkest actions, nay, your privat'st thoughts,
  Will come to light.

  _Card._ You may flatter yourself,
  And take your own choice; privately be married
  Under the eves of night--

  _Ferd._ Think't the best voyage
  That e'er you made; like the irregular crab,
  Which, though't goes backward, thinks that it goes right
  Because it goes its own way; but observe,
  Such weddings may more properly be said
  To be executed than celebrated.

  _Card._ The marriage night
  Is the entrance into some prison.

  _Ferd._ And those joys,
  Those lustful pleasures, are like heavy sleeps
  Which do fore-run man's mischief.

  _Card._ Fare you well.
  Wisdom begins at the end: remember it. [_Exit._

  _Duch._ I think this speech between you both was studied,
  It came so roundly off.

  _Ferd._ You are my sister;
  This was my father's poinard, do you see?
  I'd be loth to see't look rusty, 'cause 'twas his.
  I would have you give o'er these chargeable revels:
  A visor and a mask are whispering-rooms
  That were never built for goodness;--fare ye well;--
  And women like that part which, like the lamprey,
  Hath never a bone in't.

  _Duch._ Fie, sir!

  _Ferd._ Nay,
  I mean the tongue; variety of courtship:
  What cannot a neat knave with a smooth tale
  Make a woman believe? Farewell, lusty widow.

  _Duch._ Shall this move me? If all my royal kindred
  Lay in my way unto this marriage,
  I'd make them my low footsteps: and even now,
  Even in this hate, as men in some great battles,
  By apprehending danger, have achieved
  Almost impossible actions (I have heard soldiers say so),
  So I through frights and threatenings will assay
  This dangerous venture. Let old wives report
  I winked and chose a husband.--Cariola,
  To thy known secrecy I have given up
  More than my life--my fame.

  _Cari._ Both shall be safe;
  For I'll conceal this secret from the world
  As warily as those that trade in poison
  Keep poison from their children.

  _Duch._ Thy protestation
  Is ingenious[110] and hearty: I believe it.
  Is Antonio come?

  _Cari._ He attends you.

  _Duch._ Good, dear soul,
  Leave me; but place thyself behind the arras,
  Where thou mayst overhear us. Wish me good speed;
  For I am going into a wilderness
  Where I shall find nor path nor friendly clue
  To be my guide. [CARIOLA _goes behind the arras._

   _Enter_ ANTONIO.[111]

                  I sent for you: sit down;
  Take pen and ink, and write: are you ready?

  _Ant._ Yes.

  _Duch._ What did I say?

  _Ant._ That I should write somewhat.

  _Duch._ O, I remember.
  After these triumphs and this large expense,
  It's fit, like thrifty husbands, we inquire
  What's laid up for to-morrow.

  _Ant._ So please your beauteous excellence.

  _Duch._ Beauteous!
  Indeed, I thank you: I look young for your sake;
  You have ta'en my cares upon you.

  _Ant._ I'll fetch your grace
  The particulars of your revenue and expense.

  _Duch._ O, you are
  An upright treasurer: but you mistook;
  For when I said I meant to make inquiry
  What's laid up for to-morrow, I did mean
  What's laid up yonder for me.

  _Ant._ Where?

  _Duch._ In Heaven.
  I am making my will (as 'tis fit princes should,
  In perfect memory), and, I pray, sir, tell me,
  Were not one better make it smiling, thus,
  Than in deep groans and terrible ghastly looks,
  As if the gifts we parted with procured
  That violent distraction?

  _Ant._ O, much better.

  _Duch._ If I had a husband now, this care were quit:
  But I intend to make you overseer.
  What good deed shall we first remember? say.

  _Ant._ Begin with that first good deed began i' the world
  After man's creation, the sacrament of marriage:
  I'd have you first provide for a good husband;
  Give him all.

  _Duch._ All!

  _Ant._ Yes, your excellent self.

  _Duch._ In a winding-sheet?

  _Ant._ In a couple.

  _Duch._ Saint Winifred, that were a strange will!

  _Ant._ 'Twere stranger if there were no will in you
  To marry again.

  _Duch._ What do you think of marriage?

  _Ant._ I take't, as those that deny purgatory,
  It locally contains or Heaven or hell;
  There's no third place in't.

  _Duch._ How do you affect it?

  _Ant._ My banishment, feeding my melancholy,
  Would often reason thus.

  _Duch._ Pray, let's hear it.

  _Ant._ Say a man never marry, nor have children,
  What takes that from him? only the bare name
  Of being a father, or the weak delight
  To see the little wanton ride a-cock-horse
  Upon a painted stick, or hear him chatter
  Like a taught starling.

  _Duch._ Fie, fie, what's all this?
  One of your eyes is blood-shot; use my ring to't,
  They say 'tis very sovereign: 'twas my wedding-ring,
  And I did vow never to part with it
  But to my second husband.

  _Ant._ You have parted with it now.

  _Duch._ Yes, to help your eye-sight.

  _Ant._ You have made me stark blind.

  _Duch._ How?

  _Ant._ There is a saucy and ambitious devil
  Is dancing in this circle.

  _Duch._ Remove him.

  _Ant._ How?

  _Duch._ There needs small conjuration, when your finger
  May do it: thus; is it fit?
  [_She puts the ring upon his finger: he kneels._

  _Ant._ What said you?

  _Duch._ Sir,
  This goodly roof of yours is too low built;
  I cannot stand upright in't nor discourse,
  Without I raise it higher: raise yourself;
  Or, if you please, my hand to help you: so.
  [_Raises him._

  _Ant._ Ambition, madam, is a great man's madness,
  That is not kept in chains and close-pent rooms,
  But in fair lightsome lodgings, and is girt
  With the wild noise of prattling visitants,
  Which makes it lunatic beyond all cure.
  Conceive not I am so stupid but I aim
  Whereto your favours tend: but he's a fool
  That, being a-cold, would thrust his hands i' the fire
  To warm them.

  _Duch._ So, now the ground's broke,
  You may discover what a wealthy mine
  I make you lord of.

  _Ant._ O my unworthiness!

  _Duch._ You were ill to sell yourself:
  This darkening of your worth is not like that
  Which tradesmen use i' the city; their false lights
  Are to rid bad wares off: and I must tell you,
  If you will know where breathes a complete man
  (I speak it without flattery), turn your eyes,
  And progress through yourself.

  _Ant._ Were there nor Heaven nor hell,
  I should be honest: I have long served virtue,
  And ne'er ta'en wages of her.

  _Duch._ Now she pays it.
  The misery of us that are born great!
  We are forced to woo, because none dare woo us;
  And as a tyrant doubles with his words,
  And fearfully equivocates, so we
  Are forced to express our violent passions
  In riddles and in dreams, and leave the path
  Of simple virtue, which was never made
  To seem the thing it is not. Go, go brag
  You have left me heartless; mine is in your bosom:
  I hope 'twill multiply love there. You do tremble:
  Make not your heart so dead a piece of flesh,
  To fear more than to love me. Sir, be confident:
  What is't distracts you? This is flesh and blood, sir;
  'Tis not the figure cut in alabaster
  Kneels at my husband's tomb. Awake, awake, man!
  I do here put off all vain ceremony,
  And only do appear to you a young widow
  That claims you for her husband, and, like a widow,
  I use but half a blush in't.

  _Ant._ Truth speak for me;
  I will remain the constant sanctuary
  Of your good name.

  _Duch._ I thank you, gentle love:
  And 'cause you shall not come to me in debt,
  Being now my steward, here upon your lips
  I sign your _Quietus est_. This you should have begged now:
  I have seen children oft eat sweetmeats thus,
  As fearful to devour them too soon.

  _Ant._ But for your brothers?

  _Duch._ Do not think of them:
  All discord without this circumference
  Is only to be pitied, and not feared:
  Yet, should they know it, time will easily
  Scatter the tempest.

  _Ant._ These words should be mine,
  And all the parts you have spoke, if some part of it
  Would not have savoured flattery.

  _Duch._ Kneel.
  [CARIOLA _comes from behind the arras._

  _Ant._ Ha!

  _Duch._ Be not amazed; this woman's of my counsel:
  I have heard lawyers say, a contract in a chamber
  _Per verba presenti_ is absolute marriage.
  [_She and_ ANTONIO _kneel._
  Bless, Heaven, this sacred gordian, which let violence
  Never untwine!

  _Ant._ And may our sweet affections, like the spheres,
  Be still in motion!

  _Duch._ Quickening, and make
  The like soft music!

  _Ant._ That we may imitate the loving palms,
  Best emblem of a peaceful marriage,
  That never bore fruit, divided!

  _Duch._ What can the church force more?

  _Ant._ That fortune may not know an accident,
  Either of joy or sorrow, to divide
  Our fixèd wishes!

  _Duch._ How can the church build faster?
  We now are man and wife, and 'tis the church
  That must but echo this.--Maid, stand apart:
  I now am blind.

  _Ant._ What's your conceit in this?

  _Duch._ I would have you lead your fortune by the hand.
  Unto your marriage bed:
  (You speak in me this, for we now are one:)
  We'll only lie, and talk together, and plot
  To appease my humorous kindred; and if you please,
  Like the old tale in Alexander and Lodowick,[112]
  Lay a naked sword between us, keep us chaste.
  O, let me shrowd my blushes in your bosom,
  Since 'tis the treasury of all my secrets!
  [_Exeunt_ DUCHESS _and_ ANTONIO.

  _Cari._ Whether the spirit of greatness or of woman
  Reign most in her, I know not; but it shows
  A fearful madness: I owe her much of pity. [_Exit._


  SCENE I.--_An Apartment in the Palace of the_ DUCHESS.

   _Enter_ BOSOLA _and_ CASTRUCCIO.

  _Bos._ You say you would fain be taken for an eminent courtier?

  _Cast._ 'Tis the very main of my ambition.

  _Bos._ Let me see: you have a reasonable good face for't already, and
  your night-cap expresses your ears sufficient largely. I would have you
  learn to twirl the strings of your band with a good grace, and in a
  set speech, at the end of every sentence, to hum three or four times,
  or blow your nose till it smart again, to recover your memory. When
  you come to be a president in criminal causes, if you smile upon a
  prisoner, hang him; but if you frown upon him and threaten him, let him
  be sure to scape the gallows.

  _Cast._ I would be a very merry president.

  _Bos._ Do not sup o' nights; 'twill beget you an admirable wit.

  _Cast._ Rather it would make me have a good stomach to quarrel; for
  they say, your roaring boys[113] eat meat seldom, and that makes them
  so valiant. But how shall I know whether the people take me for an
  eminent fellow?

  _Bos._ I will teach a trick to know it: give out you lie a-dying, and
  if you hear the common people curse you, be sure you are taken for one
  of the prime night-caps.[114]

   _Enter an_ Old Lady.

  You come from painting now.

  _Old Lady._ From what?

  _Bos._ Why, from your scurvy face-physic. To behold thee not painted
  inclines somewhat near a miracle; these in thy face here were deep ruts
  and foul sloughs the last progress.[115] There was a lady in France
  that, having had the small-pox, flayed the skin off her face to make it
  more level; and whereas before she looked like a nutmeg-grater, after
  she resembled an abortive hedgehog.

  _Old Lady._ Do you call this painting?

  _Bos._ No, no, but you call it careening of an old morphewed[116] lady,
  to make her disembogue again: there's rough-cast phrase to your plastic.

  _Old Lady._ It seems you are well acquainted with my closet.

  _Bos._ One would suspect it for a shop of witchcraft, to find in it
  the fat of serpents, spawn of snakes, Jews' spittle, and their young
  children's ordure; and all these for the face. I would sooner eat a
  dead pigeon taken from the soles of the feet of one sick of the plague
  than kiss one of you fasting. Here are two of you, whose sin of your
  youth is the very patrimony of the physician; makes him renew his
  foot-cloth[117] with the spring, and change his high-priced courtezan
  with the fall of the leaf. I do wonder you do not loathe yourselves.
  Observe my meditation now.
  What thing is in this outward form of man
  To be beloved? We account it ominous,
  If nature do produce a colt, or lamb,
  A fawn, or goat, in any limb resembling
  A man, and fly from't as a prodigy:
  Man stands amazed to see his deformity
  In any other creature but himself.
  But in our own flesh, though we bear diseases
  Which have their true names only ta'en from beasts,--
  As the most ulcerous wolf and swinish measle,--
  Though we are eaten up of lice and worms,
  And though continually we bear about us
  A rotten and dead body, we delight
  To hide it in rich tissue: all our fear,
  Nay, all our terror, is lest our physician
  Should put us in the ground to be made sweet.--
  Your wife's gone to Rome: you two couple, and get you to the wells
  at Lucca to recover your aches. I have other work on foot. [_Exeunt_
  CASTRUCCIO _and_ Old Lady.
  I observe our duchess
  Is sick a-days, she pukes, her stomach seethes,
  The fins of her eye-lids looks most teeming blue,
  She wanes i' the cheek, and waxes fat i' the flank,
  And, contrary to our Italian fashion,
  Wears a loose-bodied gown: there's somewhat in't.
  I have a trick may chance discover it,
  A pretty one; I have bought some apricocks,
  The first our spring yields.

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Delio._ And so long since married!
  You amaze me.

  _Ant._ Let me seal your lips for ever:
  For, did I think that any thing but the air
  Could carry these words from you, I should wish
  You had no breath at all.--Now, sir, in your contemplation?
  You are studying to become a great wise fellow.

  _Bos._ O, sir, the opinion of wisdom is a foul tether that runs all
  over a man's body: if simplicity direct us to have no evil, it directs
  us to a happy being; for the subtlest folly proceeds from the subtlest
  wisdom: let me be simply honest.

  _Ant._ I do understand your inside.

  _Bos._ Do you so?

  _Ant._ Because you would not seem to appear to the world
  Puffed up with your preferment, you continue
  This out-of-fashion melancholy: leave it, leave it.

  _Bos._ Give me leave to be honest in any phrase, in any compliment
  whatsoever. Shall I confess myself to you? I look no higher than I can
  reach: they are the gods that must ride on winged horses. A lawyer's
  mule of a slow pace will both suit my disposition and business; for,
  mark me, when a man's mind rides faster than his horse can gallop, they
  quickly both tire.

  _Ant._ You would look up to Heaven, but I think
  The devil, that rules i' the air, stands in your light.

  _Bos._ O, sir, you are lord of the ascendant, chief man with the
  duchess; a duke was your cousin-german removed. Say you are lineally
  descended from King Pepin, or he himself, what of this? search the
  heads of the greatest rivers in the world, you shall find them but
  bubbles of water. Some would think the souls of princes were brought
  forth by some more weighty cause than those of meaner persons: they are
  deceived, there's the same hand to them; the like passions sway them;
  the same reason that makes a vicar to go to law for a tithe-pig, and
  undo his neighbours, makes them spoil a whole province, and batter down
  goodly cities with the cannon.

   _Enter_ DUCHESS _and_ Ladies.

  _Duch._ Your arm, Antonio: do I not grow fat?
  I am exceeding short-winded.--Bosola,
  I would have you, sir, provide for me a litter;
  Such a one as the Duchess of Florence rode in.

  _Bos._ The duchess used one when she was great with child.

  _Duch._ I think she did.--Come hither, mend my ruff;
  Here, when? thou art such a tedious lady; and
  Thy breath smells of lemon-pills; would thou hadst done!
  Shall I swoon under thy fingers! I am
  So troubled with the mother![118]

  _Bos._ [_Aside._] I fear too much.

  _Duch._ I have heard you say that the French courtiers
  Wear their hats on 'fore the king.

  _Ant._ I have seen it.

  _Duch._ In the presence?

  _Ant._ Yes.

  _Duch._ Why should not we bring up that fashion?
  'Tis ceremony more than duty that consists
  In the removing of a piece of felt:
  Be you the example to the rest o' the court;
  Put on your hat first.

  _Ant._ You must pardon me:
  I have seen, in colder countries than in France,
  Nobles stand bare to the prince; and the distinction
  Methought showed reverently.

  _Bos._ I have a present for your grace.

  _Duch._ For me, sir?

  _Bos._ Apricocks, madam.

  _Duch._ O, sir, where are they?
  I have heard of none to-year.

  _Bos._ [_Aside._] Good; her colour rises.

  _Duch._ Indeed, I thank you: they are wondrous fair ones.
  What an unskilful fellow is our gardener!
  We shall have none this month.

  _Bos._ Will not your grace pare them?

  _Duch._ No: they taste of musk, methinks; indeed they do.

  _Bos._ I know not: yet I wish your grace had pared 'em.

  _Duch._ Why?

  _Bos._ I forgot to tell you, the knave gardener,
  Only to raise his profit by them the sooner,
  Did ripen them in horse-dung.

  _Duch._ O, you jest--
  You shall judge: pray taste one.

  _Ant._ Indeed, madam,
  I do not love the fruit.

  _Duch._ Sir, you are loth
  To rob us of our dainties: 'tis a delicate fruit;
  They say they are restorative.

  _Bos._ 'Tis a pretty art,
  This grafting.

  _Duch._ 'Tis so; bettering of nature.

  _Bos._ To make a pippin grow upon a crab,
  A damson on a blackthorn.--[_Aside._] How greedily she eats them!
  A whirlwind strike off these bawd farthingales!
  For, but for that and the loose-bodied gown,
  I should have discovered apparently
  The young springal[119] cutting a caper in her belly.

  _Duch._ I thank you, Bosola: they are right good ones,
  If they do not make me sick.

  _Ant._ How now, madam!

  _Duch._ This green fruit and my stomach are not friends:
  How they swell me!

  _Bos._ [_Aside._] Nay, you are too much swelled already.

  _Duch._ O, I am in an extreme cold sweat!

  _Bos._ I am very sorry.

  _Duch._ Lights to my chamber!--O good Antonio,
  I fear I am undone!

  _Delio._ Lights there, lights! [_Exeunt_ DUCHESS _and_ Ladies.--_Exit,
  on the other side_, BOSOLA.]

  _Ant._ O my most trusty Delio, we are lost!
  I fear she's fall'n in labour; and there's left
  No time for her remove.

  _Delio._ Have you prepared
  Those ladies to attend her? and procured
  That politic safe conveyance for the midwife
  Your duchess plotted?

  _Ant._ I have.

  _Delio._ Make use, then, of this forced occasion:
  Give out that Bosola hath poisoned her
  With these apricocks; that will give some colour
  For her keeping close.

  _Ant._ Fie, fie, the physicians
  Will then flock to her.

  _Delio._ For that you may pretend
  She'll use some prepared antidote of her own,
  Lest the physicians should re-poison her.

  _Ant._ I am lost in amazement: I know not what to think on't.

  SCENE II.--_A Hall in the same Palace._

   _Enter_ BOSOLA.

  _Bos._ So, so, there's no question but her techiness and most vulturous
  eating of the apricocks are apparent signs of breeding.

   _Enter an_ Old Lady.


  _Old Lady._ I am in haste, sir.

  _Bos._ There was a young waiting-woman had a monstrous desire to see
  the glass-house--

  _Old Lady._ Nay, pray let me go.

  _Bos._ And it was only to know what strange instrument it was should
  swell up a glass to the fashion of a woman's belly.

  _Old Lady._ I will hear no more of the glass-house. You are still
  abusing women?

  _Bos._ Who, I? no; only, by the way now and then, mention your
  frailties. The orange-tree bears ripe and green fruit and blossoms all
  together; and some of you give entertainment for pure love, but more
  for more precious reward. The lusty spring smells well; but drooping
  autumn tastes well. If we have the same golden showers that rained in
  the time of Jupiter the thunderer, you have the same Danäes still,
  to hold up their laps to receive them. Didst thou never study the

  _Old Lady._ What's that, sir?

  _Bos._ Why to know the trick how to make a many lines meet in one
  centre. Go, go, give your foster-daughters good counsel: tell them,
  that the devil takes delight to hang at a woman's girdle, like a false
  rusty watch, that she cannot discern how the time passes. [_Exit_ Old


  _Ant._ Shut up the court-gates.

  _Rod._ Why, sir? what's the danger?

  _Ant._ Shut up the posterns presently, and call
  All the officers o' the court.

  _Gris._ I shall instantly. [_Exit._

  _Ant._ Who keeps the key o' the park-gate?

  _Rod._ Forobosco.

  _Ant._ Let him bring't presently.

   _Re-enter_ GRISOLAN _with_ Servants.

  _1st Serv._ O, gentlemen o' the court, the foulest treason!

  _Bos._ [_Aside._] If that these apricocks should be poisoned now,
  Without my knowledge!

  _1st Serv._ There was taken even now a Switzer in the duchess' bed

  _2nd Serv._ A Switzer!

  _1st Serv._ With a pistol in his great cod-piece.

  _Bos._ Ha, ha, ha!

  _1st Serv._ The cod-piece was the case for't.

  _2nd Serv._ There was a cunning traitor: who would have searched his

  _1st Serv._ True, if he had kept out of the ladies' chambers: and all
  the moulds of his buttons were leaden bullets.

  _2nd Serv._ O wicked cannibal! a fire-lock in's cod-piece!

  _1st Serv._ 'Twas a French plot, upon my life.

  _2nd Serv._ To see what the devil can do!

  _Ant._ Are all the officers here?

  _Servants._ We are.

  _Ant._ Gentlemen,
  We have lost much plate you know; and but this evening
  Jewels, to the value of four thousand ducats,
  Are missing in the duchess' cabinet.
  Are the gates shut?

  _Serv._ Yes.

  _Ant._ 'Tis the duchess' pleasure
  Each officer be locked into his chamber
  Till the sun-rising; and to send the keys
  Of all their chests and of their outward doors
  Into her bed-chamber. She is very sick.

  _Rod._ At her pleasure.

  _Ant._ She entreats you take't not ill: the innocent
  Shall be the more approved by it.

  _Bos._ Gentleman o' the wood-yard, where's your Switzer now?

  _1st Serv._ By this hand, 'twas credibly reported by one o' the black
  guard.[120] [_Exeunt all except_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Delio._ How fares it with the duchess?

  _Ant._ She's exposed
  Unto the worst of torture, pain and fear.

  _Delio._ Speak to her all happy comfort.

  _Ant._ How I do play the fool with mine own danger!
  You are this night, dear friend, to post to Rome:
  My life lies in your service.

  _Delio._ Do not doubt me.

  _Ant._ O, 'tis far from me: and yet fear presents me
  Somewhat that looks like danger.

  _Delio._ Believe it,
  'Tis but the shadow of your fear, no more:
  How superstitiously we mind our evils!
  The throwing down salt, or crossing of a hare.
  Bleeding at nose, the stumbling of a horse,
  Or singing of a cricket, are of power
  To daunt whole man in us. Sir, fare you well:
  I wish you all the joys of a blessed father:
  And, for my faith, lay this unto your breast,--
  Old friends, like old swords, still are trusted best. [_Exit._

   _Enter_ CARIOLA.

  _Cari._ Sir, you are the happy father of a son:
  Your wife commends him to you.

  _Ant._ Blessèd comfort!--
  For Heaven' sake tend her well: I'll presently
  Go set a figure for's nativity. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE III.--_The Court of the same Palace._

   _Enter_ BOSOLA, _with a dark lantern._

  _Bos._ Sure I did hear a woman shriek: list, ha!
  And the sound came, if I received it right,
  From the duchess' lodgings. There's some stratagem
  In the confining all our courtiers
  To their several wards: I must have part of it;
  My intelligence will freeze else. List, again!
  It may be 'twas the melancholy bird,
  Best friend of silence and of solitariness,
  The owl, that screamed so.--Ha! Antonio!

   _Enter_ ANTONIO.

  _Ant._ I heard some noise.--Who's there? what art thou? speak.

  _Bos._ Antonio, put not your face nor body
  To such a forced expression of fear:
  I am Bosola, your friend.

  _Ant._ Bosola!--
  [_Aside._] This mole does undermine me.--Heard you not
  A noise even now?

  _Bos._ From whence?

  _Ant._ From the duchess' lodging.

  _Bos._ Not I: did you?

  _Ant._ I did, or else I dreamed.

  _Bos._ Let's walk towards it.

  _Ant._ No: it may be 'twas
  But the rising of the wind.

  _Bos._ Very likely.
  Methinks 'tis very cold, and yet you sweat:
  You look wildly.

  _Ant._ I have been setting a figure
  For the duchess' jewels.

  _Bos._ Ah, and how falls your question?
  Do you find it radical?

  _Ant._ What's that to you?
  'Tis rather to be questioned what design,
  When all men were commanded to their lodgings,
  Makes you a night-walker.

  _Bos._ In sooth, I'll tell you:
  Now all the court's asleep, I thought the devil
  Had least to do here; I came to say my prayers;
  And if it do offend you I do so,
  You are a fine courtier.

  _Ant._ [_Aside._] This fellow will undo me.--
  You gave the duchess apricocks to-day:
  Pray Heaven they were not poisoned!

  _Bos._ Poisoned! A Spanish fig
  For the imputation.

  _Ant._ Traitors are ever confident
  Till they are discovered. There were jewels stol'n too:
  In my conceit, none are to be suspected
  More than yourself.

  _Bos._ You are a false steward.

  _Ant._ Saucy slave, I'll pull thee up by the roots.

  _Bos._ May be the ruin will crush you to pieces.

  _Ant._ You are an impudent snake indeed, sir:
  Are you scarce warm, and do you show your sting?
  You libel well, sir.

  _Bos._ No, sir: copy it out,
  And I will set my hand to't.

  _Ant._ [_Aside._] My nose bleeds.
  One that were superstitious would count
  This ominous, when it merely comes by chance:
  Two letters, that are wrote here for my name,
  Are drowned in blood!
  Mere accident.--For you, sir, I'll take order
  I' the morn you shall be safe:--[_Aside._] 'tis that must colour
  Her lying-in:--sir, this door you pass not:
  I do not hold it fit that you come near
  The duchess' lodgings, till you have quit yourself.--
  [_Aside_] The great are like the base, nay, they are the same,
  When they seek shameful ways to avoid shame. [_Exit._

  _Bos._ Antonio hereabout did drop a paper:--
  Some of your help, false friend:--O, here it is.
  What's here? a child's nativity calculated! [_Reads._
  "The duchess was delivered of a son, 'tween the hours twelve and one
  in the night, _Anno Dom._ 1504,"--that's this year--"_decimo nono
  Decembris,_"--that's this night,--"taken according to the meridian of
  Malfi,"--that's our duchess: happy discovery!--"The lord of the first
  house being combust in the ascendant, signifies short life; and Mars
  being in a human sign, joined to the tail of the Dragon, in the eighth
  house, doth threaten a violent death. _Cætera non scrutantur._"
  Why, now 'tis most apparent: this precise fellow
  Is the duchess' bawd:--I have it to my wish!
  This is a parcel of intelligency
  Our courtiers were cased up for: it needs must follow
  That I must be committed on pretence
  Of poisoning her; which I'll endure, and laugh at.
  If one could find the father now! but that
  Time will discover. Old Castruccio
  I' the morning posts to Rome: by him I'll send
  A letter that shall make her brothers' galls
  O'erflow their livers. This was a thrifty way.
  Though lust do mask in ne'er so strange disguise,
  She's oft found witty, but is never wise. [_Exit._

  SCENE IV.--_An Apartment in the Palace of the_ Cardinal _at Rome._

   _Enter_ Cardinal _and_ JULIA.

  _Card._ Sit: thou art my best of wishes. Prithee, tell me
  What trick didst thou invent to come to Rome
  Without thy husband.

  _Julia._ Why, my lord, I told him
  I came to visit an old anchorite
  Here for devotion.

  _Card._ Thou art a witty false one,--
  I mean, to him.

  _Julia._ You have prevailed with me
  Beyond my strongest thoughts: I would not now
  Find you inconstant.

  _Card._ Do not put thyself
  To such a voluntary torture, which proceeds
  Out of your own guilt.

  _Julia._ How, my lord!

  _Card._ You fear
  My constancy, because you have approved
  Those giddy and wild turnings in yourself.

  _Julia._ Did you e'er find them?

  _Card._ Sooth, generally for women,
  A man might strive to make glass malleable,
  Ere he should make them fixèd.

  _Julia._ So, my lord.

  _Card._ We had need go borrow that fantastic glass
  Invented by Galileo the Florentine
  To view another spacious world i' the moon,
  And look to find a constant woman there.

  _Julia._ This is very well, my lord.

  _Card._ Why do you weep?
  Are tears your justification? the self-same tears
  Will fall into your husband's bosom, lady,
  With a loud protestation that you love him
  Above the world. Come, I'll love you wisely,
  That's jealously; since I am very certain
  You cannot make me cuckold.

  _Julia._ I'll go home
  To my husband.

  _Card._ You may thank me, lady,
  I have taken you off your melancholy perch,
  Bore you upon my fist, and showed you game,
  And let you fly at it.--I pray thee, kiss me.--
  When thou wast with thy husband, thou wast watched
  Like a tame elephant:--still you are to thank me:--
  Thou hadst only kisses from him and high feeding;
  But what delight was that? 'twas just like one
  That hath a little fingering on the lute,
  Yet cannot tune it:--still you are to thank me.

  _Julia._ You told me of a piteous wound i' the heart
  And a sick liver, when you wooed me first,
  And spake like one in physic.

  _Card._ Who's that?--

   _Enter_ Servant.

  Rest firm, for my affection to thee,
  Lightning moves slow to't.

  _Serv._ Madam, a gentleman,
  That's come post from Malfi, desires to see you.

  _Card._ Let him enter: I'll withdraw. [_Exit._

  _Serv._ He says
  Your husband, old Castruccio, is come to Rome,
  Most pitifully tired with riding post. [_Exit._

   _Enter_ DELIO.

  _Julia._ [_Aside._] Signior Delio! 'tis one of my old suitors.

  _Delio._ I was bold to come and see you.

  _Julia._ Sir, you are welcome.

  _Delio._ Do you lie here?

  _Julia._ Sure, your own experience
  Will satisfy you no: our Roman prelates
  Do not keep lodging for ladies.

  _Delio._ Very well:
  I have brought you no commendations from your husband,
  For I know none by him.

  _Julia._ I hear he's come to Rome.

  _Delio._ I never knew man and beast, of a horse and a knight,
  So weary of each other: if he had had a good back,
  He would have undertook to have borne his horse,
  His breech was so pitifully sore.

  _Julia._ Your laughter
  Is my pity.

  _Delio._ Lady, I know not whether
  You want money, but I have brought you some.

  _Julia._ From my husband?

  _Delio._ No, from mine own allowance.

  _Julia._ I must hear the condition, ere I be bound to take it.

  _Delio._ Look on't, 'tis gold: hath it not a fine colour?

  _Julia._ I have a bird more beautiful.

  _Delio._ Try the sound on't.

  _Julia._ A lute-string far exceeds it:
  It hath no smell, like cassia or civet;
  Nor is it physical, though some fond doctors
  Persuade us seethe't in cullises.[121] I'll tell you,
  This is a creature bred by--

   _Re-enter_ Servant.

  _Serv._ Your husband's come,
  Hath delivered a letter to the Duke of Calabria
  That, to my thinking, hath put him out of his wits.

  _Julia._ Sir, you hear:
  Pray, let me know your business and your suit
  As briefly as can be.

  _Delio._ With good speed: I would wish you,
  At such time as you are non-resident
  With your husband, my mistress.

  _Julia._ Sir, I'll go ask my husband if I shall,
  And straight return your answer. [_Exit._

  _Delio._ Very fine!
  Is this her wit, or honesty, that speaks thus?
  I heard one say the duke was highly moved
  With a letter sent from Malfi. I do fear
  Antonio is betrayed: how fearfully
  Shows his ambition now! unfortunate fortune!
  They pass through whirlpools, and deep woes do shun,
  Who the event weigh ere the action's done. [_Exit._

  SCENE V.--_Another Apartment in the same Palace._

   _Enter_ Cardinal, _and_ FERDINAND _with a letter._

  _Ferd._ I have this night digged up a mandrake.

  _Card._ Say you?

  _Ferd._ And I am grown mad with't.[122]

  _Card._ What's the prodigy?

  _Ferd._ Read there,--a sister damned: she's loose i' the hilts;
  Grown a notorious strumpet.

  _Card._ Speak lower.

  _Ferd._ Lower!
  Rogues do not whisper't now, but seek to publish't
  (As servants do the bounty of their lords)
  Aloud; and with a covetous searching eye,
  To mark who note them. O, confusion seize her!
  She hath had most cunning bawds to serve her turn,
  And more secure conveyances for lust
  Than towns of garrison for service.

  _Card._ Is't possible?
  Can this be certain?

  _Ferd._ Rhubarb, O, for rhubarb
  To purge this choler! here's the cursèd day
  To prompt my memory; and here't shall stick
  Till of her bleeding heart I make a sponge
  To wipe it out.

  _Card._ Why do you make yourself
  So wild a tempest?

  _Ferd._ Would I could be one,
  That I might toss her palace 'bout her ears,
  Root up her goodly forests, blast her meads,
  And lay her general territory as waste
  As she hath done her honours.

  _Card._ Shall our blood,
  The royal blood of Arragon and Castile,
  Be thus attainted?

  _Ferd._ Apply desperate physic:
  We must not now use balsamum, but fire,
  The smarting cupping-glass, for that's the mean
  To purge infected blood, such blood as hers.
  There is a kind of pity in mine eye,--
  I'll give it to my handkercher; and now 'tis here,
  I'll bequeath this to her bastard.

  _Card._ What to do?

  _Ferd._ Why, to make soft lint for his mother's wounds,
  When I have hewed her to pieces.

  _Card._ Cursèd creature!
  Unequal nature, to place women's hearts
  So far upon the left side!

  _Ferd._ Foolish men,
  That e'er will trust their honour in a bark
  Made of so slight weak bulrush as is woman,
  Apt every minute to sink it!

  _Card._ Thus
  Ignorance, when it hath purchased honour,
  It cannot wield it.

  _Ferd._ Methinks I see her laughing--
  Excellent hyena! Talk to me somewhat quickly,
  Or my imagination will carry me
  To see her in the shameful act of sin.

  _Card._ With whom?

  _Ferd._ Happily with some strong-thighed bargeman,
  Or one o' the woodyard that can quoit the sledge
  Or toss the bar, or else some lovely squire
  That carries coals up to her privy lodgings.

  _Card._ You fly beyond your reason.

  _Ferd._ Go to, mistress!
  'Tis not your whore's milk that shall quench my wild fire,
  But your whore's blood.

  _Card._ How idly shows this rage, which carries you,
  As men conveyed by witches through the air,
  On violent whirlwinds! this intemperate noise
  Fitly resembles deaf men's shrill discourse,
  Who talk aloud, thinking all other men
  To have their imperfection.

  _Ferd._ Have not you
  My palsy?

  _Card._ Yes, but I can be angry
  Without this rupture:[123] there is not in nature
  A thing that makes man so deformed, so beastly,
  As doth intemperate anger. Chide yourself.
  You have divers men who never yet expressed
  Their strong desire of rest but by unrest,
  By vexing of themselves. Come, put yourself
  In tune.

  _Ferd._ So I will only study to seem
  The thing I am not. I could kill her now,
  In you, or in myself; for I do think
  It is some sin in us Heaven doth revenge
  By her.

  _Card._ Are you stark mad?

  _Ferd._ I would have their bodies
  Burnt in a coal-pit with the ventage stopped,
  That their cursed smoke might not ascend to Heaven;
  Or dip the sheets they lie in in pitch or sulphur,
  Wrap them in't, and then light them like a match;
  Or else to boil their bastard to a cullis,
  And give't his lecherous father to renew
  The sin of his back.

  _Card._ I'll leave you.

  _Ferd._ Nay, I have done.
  I am confident, had I been damned in hell,
  And should have heard of this, it would have put me
  Into a cold sweat. In, in; I'll go sleep.
  Till I know who leaps my sister, I'll not stir:
  That known, I'll find scorpions to string my whips,
  And fix her in a general eclipse. [_Exeunt._


  SCENE I.--_An Apartment in the Palace of the_ DUCHESS.

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Ant._ Our noble friend, my most belovèd Delio!
  O, you have been a stranger long at court;
  Came you along with the Lord Ferdinand?

  _Delio._ I did, sir: and how fares your noble duchess?

  _Ant._ Right fortunately well: she's an excellent
  Feeder of pedigrees; since you last saw her,
  She hath had two children more, a son and daughter.

  _Delio._ Methinks 'twas yesterday: let me but wink,
  And not behold your face, which to mine eye
  Is somewhat leaner, verily I should dream
  It were within this half hour.

  _Ant._ You have not been in law, friend Delio,
  Nor in prison, nor a suitor at the court,
  Nor begged the reversion of some great man's place,
  Nor troubled with an old wife, which doth make
  Your time so insensibly hasten.

  _Delio._ Pray, sir, tell me,
  Hath not this news arrived yet to the ear
  Of the lord cardinal?

  _Ant._ I fear it hath:
  The Lord Ferdinand, that's newly come to court,
  Doth bear himself right dangerously.

  _Delio._ Pray, why?

  _Ant._ He is so quiet that he seems to sleep
  The tempest out, as dormice do in winter:
  Those houses that are haunted are most still
  Till the devil be up.

  _Delio._ What say the common people?

  _Ant._ The common rabble do directly say
  She is a strumpet.

  _Delio._ And your graver heads
  Which would be politic, what censure they?

  _Ant._ They do observe I grow to infinite purchase,[124]
  The left hand way, and all suppose the duchess
  Would amend it, if she could; for, say they,
  Great princes, though they grudge their officers
  Should have such large and unconfinèd means
  To get wealth under them, will not complain,
  Lest thereby they should make them odious
  Unto the people; for other obligation
  Of love or marriage between her and me
  They never dream of.

  _Delio._ The Lord Ferdinand
  Is going to bed.

   _Enter_ DUCHESS, FERDINAND, _and_ Attendants.

  _Ferd._ I'll instantly to bed,
  For I am weary.--I am to bespeak
  A husband for you.

  _Duch._ For me, sir! pray, who is't?

  _Ferd._ The great Count Malatesti.

  _Duch._ Fie upon him!
  A count! he's a mere stick of sugar-candy;
  You may look quite through him. When I choose
  A husband, I will marry for your honour.

  _Ferd._ You shall do well in't.--How is't, worthy Antonio?

  _Duch._ But, sir, I am to have private conference with you
  About a scandalous report is spread
  Touching mine honour.

  _Ferd._ Let me be ever deaf to't:
  One of Pasquil's paper bullets, court-calumny,
  A pestilent air, which princes' palaces
  Are seldom purged of. Yet say that it were true,
  I pour it in your bosom, my fixed love
  Would strongly excuse, extenuate, nay, deny
  Faults, were they apparent in you. Go, be safe
  In your own innocency.

  _Duch._ [_Aside._] O blessed comfort!
  This deadly air is purged.
  [_Exeunt_ DUCHESS, ANTONIO, DELIO, _and_ Attendants.

  _Ferd._ Her guilt treads on
  Hot-burning coulters.

   _Enter_ BOSOLA.

                         Now, Bosola,
  How thrives our intelligence?

  _Bos._ Sir, uncertainly:
  'Tis rumoured she hath had three bastards, but
  By whom we may go read i' the stars.

  _Ferd._ Why, some
  Hold opinion all things are written there.

  _Bos._ Yes, if we could find spectacles to read them.
  I do suspect there hath been some sorcery
  Used on the duchess.

  _Ferd._ Sorcery! to what purpose?

  _Bos._ To make her dote on some desertless fellow
  She shames to acknowledge.

  _Ferd._ Can your faith give way
  To think there's power in potions or in charms,
  To make us love whether we will or no?

  _Bos._ Most certainly.

  _Ferd._ Away! these are mere gulleries, horrid things,
  Invented by some cheating mountebanks
  To abuse us. Do you think that herbs or charms
  Can force the will? Some trials have been made
  In this foolish practice, but the ingredients
  Were lenitive poisons, such as are of force
  To make the patient mad; and straight the witch
  Swears by equivocation they are in love.
  The witchcraft lies in her rank blood. This night
  I will force confession from her. You told me
  You had got, within these two days, a false key
  Into her bed-chamber.

  _Bos._ I have.

  _Ferd._ As I would wish.

  _Bos._ What do you intend to do?

  _Ferd._ Can you guess?

  _Bos._ No.

  _Ferd._ Do not ask, then:
  He that can compass me, and know my drifts,
  May say he hath put a girdle 'bout the world,
  And sounded all her quicksands.

  _Bos._ I do not
  Think so.

  _Ferd._ What do you think, then, pray?

  _Bos._ That you are
  Your own chronicle too much, and grossly
  Flatter yourself.

  _Ferd._ Give me thy hand; I thank thee:
  I never gave pension but to flatterers,
  Till I entertainèd thee. Farewell.
  That friend a great man's ruin strongly checks,
  Who rails into his belief all his defects. [_Exeunt_.

  SCENE II.--_The Bed-chamber of the_ DUCHESS.


  _Duch._ Bring me the casket hither, and the glass.--
  You get no lodging here to-night, my lord.

  _Ant._ Indeed, I must persuade one.

  _Duch._ Very good:
  I hope in time 'twill grow into a custom,
  That noblemen shall come with cap and knee
  To purchase a night's lodging of their wives.

  _Ant._ I must lie here.

  _Duch._ Must! you are lord of mis-rule.

  _Ant._ Indeed, my rule is only in the night.

  _Duch._ To what use will you put me?

  _Ant._ We'll sleep together.

  _Duch._ Alas,
  What pleasure can two lovers find in sleep!

  _Cari._ My lord, I lie with her often; and I know
  She'll much disquiet you.

  _Ant._ See, you are complained of.

  _Cari._ For she's the sprawling'st bedfellow.

  _Ant._ I shall like her the better for that.

  _Cari._ Sir, shall I ask you a question?

  _Ant._ Ay, pray thee, Cariola.

  _Cari._ Wherefore still, when you lie with my lady,
  Do you rise so early?

  _Ant._ Labouring men
  Count the clock oftenest, Cariola,
  Are glad when their task's ended.

  _Duch._ I'll stop your mouth. [_Kisses him._

  _Ant._ Nay, that's but one; Venus had two soft doves
  To draw her chariot; I must have another--
  [_She kisses him again._
  When wilt thou marry, Cariola?

  _Cari._ Never, my lord.

  _Ant._ O, fie upon this single life! forego it.
  We read how Daphne, for her peevish[125] flight,
  Became a fruitless bay-tree; Syrinx turned
  To the pale empty reed; Anaxarete
  Was frozen into marble: whereas those
  Which married, or proved kind unto their friends,
  Were by a gracious influence transhaped
  Into the olive, pomegranate, mulberry,
  Became flowers, precious stones, or eminent stars.

  _Cari._ This is a vain poetry: but I pray you tell me,
  If there were proposed me, wisdom, riches, and beauty,
  In three several young men, which should I choose.

  _Ant._ 'Tis a hard question: this was Paris' case,
  And he was blind in't, and there was great cause;
  For how was't possible he could judge right,
  Having three amorous goddesses in view,
  And they stark naked? 'twas a motion
  Were able to benight the apprehension
  Of the severest counsellor of Europe.
  Now I look on both your faces so well formed,
  It puts me in mind of a question I would ask.

  _Cari._ What is't?

  _Ant._ I do wonder why hard-favoured ladies,
  For the most part, keep worse-favoured waiting-women
  To attend them, and cannot endure fair ones.

  _Duch._ O, that's soon answered.
  Did you ever in your life know an ill painter
  Desire to have his dwelling next door to the shop
  Of an excellent picture-maker? 'twould disgrace
  His face-making, and undo him. I prithee,
  When were we so merry?--My hair tangles.

  _Ant._ Pray thee, Cariola, let's steal forth the room,
  And let her talk to herself: I have divers times
  Served her the like, when she hath chafed extremely.
  I love to see her angry. Softly, Cariola.
  [_Exeunt_ ANTONIO _and_ CARIOLA.

  _Duch._ Doth not the colour of my hair 'gin to change?
  When I wax gray, I shall have all the court
  Powder their hair with arras,[126] to be like me.
  You have cause to love me; I entered you into my heart
  Before you would vouchsafe to call for the keys.

   _Enter_ FERDINAND _behind._

  We shall one day have my brothers take you napping;
  Methinks his presence, being now in court,
  Should make you keep your own bed; but you'll say
  Love mixed with fear is sweetest. I'll assure you,
  You shall get no more children till my brothers
  Consent to be your gossips. Have you lost your tongue?
  'Tis welcome:
  For know, whether I am doomed to live or die,
  I can do both like a prince.

  _Ferd._ Die, then, quickly! [_Giving her a poniard._
  Virtue, where art thou hid? what hideous thing
  Is it that doth eclipse thee?

  _Duch._ Pray, sir, hear me.

  _Ferd._ Or is it true thou art but a bare name,
  And no essential thing?

  _Duch._ Sir,--

  _Ferd._ Do not speak.

  _Duch._ No, sir:
  I will plant my soul in mine ears, to hear you.

  _Ferd._ O most imperfect light of human reason,
  That mak'st us so unhappy to foresee
  What we can least prevent! Pursue thy wishes,
  And glory in them: there's in shame no comfort
  But to be past all bounds and sense of shame.

  _Duch._ I pray, sir, hear me: I am married.

  _Ferd._ So!

  _Duch._ Happily, not to your liking: but for that,
  Alas, your shears do come untimely now
  To clip the bird's wing that's already flown!
  Will you see my husband?

  _Ferd._ Yes, if I could change
  Eyes with a basilisk.

  _Duch._ Sure, you came hither
  By his confederacy.

  _Ferd._ The howling of a wolf
  Is music to thee, screech-owl: prithee, peace.--
  Whate'er thou art that hast enjoyed my sister,
  For I am sure thou hear'st me, for thine own sake
  Let me not know thee. I came hither prepared
  To work thy discovery; yet am now persuaded
  It would beget such violent effects
  As would damn us both. I would not for ten millions
  I had beheld thee: therefore use all means
  I never may have knowledge of thy name;
  Enjoy thy lust still, and a wretched life,
  On that condition.--And for thee, vile woman,
  If thou do wish thy lecher may grow old
  In thy embracements, I would have thee build
  Such a room for him as our anchorites
  To holier use inhabit. Let not the sun
  Shine on him till he's dead; let dogs and monkeys
  Only converse with him, and such dumb things
  To whom nature denies use to sound his name;
  Do not keep a paraquito, lest she learn it;
  If thou do love him, cut out thine own tongue,
  Lest it bewray him.

  _Duch._ Why might not I marry?
  I have not gone about in this to create
  Any new world or custom.

  _Ferd._ Thou art undone;
  And thou hast ta'en that massy sheet of lead
  That hid thy husband's bones, and folded it
  About my heart.

  _Duch._ Mine bleeds for't.

  _Ferd._ Thine! thy heart!
  What should I name't unless a hollow bullet
  Filled with unquenchable wild-fire?

  _Duch._ You are in this
  Too strict; and were you not my princely brother,
  I would say, too wilful: my reputation
  Is safe.

  _Ferd._ Dost thou know what reputation is?
  I'll tell thee,--to small purpose, since the instruction
  Comes now too late.
  Upon a time Reputation, Love, and Death,
  Would travel o'er the world; and it was concluded
  That they should part, and take three several ways.
  Death told them, they should find him in great battles,
  Or cities plagued with plagues: Love gives them counsel
  To inquire for him 'mongst unambitious shepherds,
  Where dowries were not talked of, and sometimes
  'Mongst quiet kindred that had nothing left
  By their dead parents: "Stay," quoth Reputation,
  "Do not forsake me; for it is my nature.
  If once I part from any man I meet,
  I am never found again." And so for you:
  You have shook hands with Reputation,
  And made him invisible. So, fare you well:
  I will never see you more.

  _Duch._ Why should only I,
  Of all the other princes of the world,
  Be cased up, like a holy relic? I have youth
  And a little beauty.

  _Ferd._ So you have some virgins
  That are witches. I will never see thee more. [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ ANTONIO _with a pistol, and_ CARIOLA.

  _Duch._ You saw this apparition?

  _Ant._ Yes: we are
  Betrayed. How came he hither? I should turn
  This to thee, for that.

  _Cari._ Pray, sir, do; and when
  That you have cleft my heart, you shall read there
  Mine innocence.

  _Duch._ That gallery gave him entrance.

  _Ant._ I would this terrible thing would come again,
  That, standing on my guard, I might relate
  My warrantable love.--[_She shows the poniard._
                        Ha! what means this?

  _Duch._ He left this with me.

  _Ant._ And it seems did wish
  You would use it on yourself.

  _Duch._ His action
  Seemed to intend so much.

  _Ant._ This hath a handle to't,
  As well as a point: turn it towards him,
  And so fasten the keen edge in his rank gall.
  [_Knocking within._
  How now! who knocks? more earthquakes?

  _Duch._ I stand
  As if a mine beneath my feet were ready
  To be blown up.

  _Cari._ 'Tis Bosola.

  _Duch._ Away!
  O misery! methinks unjust actions
  Should wear these masks and curtains, and not we.
  You must instantly part hence: I have fashioned it already.
  [_Exit_ ANTONIO.

   _Enter_ BOSOLA.

  _Bos._ The duke your brother is ta'en up in a whirlwind;
  Hath took horse, and's rid post to Rome.

  _Duch._ So late?

  _Bos._ He told me, as he mounted into the saddle,
  You were undone.

  _Duch._ Indeed, I am very near it.

  _Bos._ What's the matter?

  _Duch._ Antonio, the master of our household,
  Hath dealt so falsely with me in's accounts:
  My brother stood engaged with me for money
  Ta'en up of certain Neapolitan Jews,
  And Antonio lets the bonds be forfeit.

  _Bos._ Strange!--[_Aside._] This is cunning.

  _Duch._ And hereupon
  My brother's bills at Naples are protested
  Against.--Call up our officers.

  _Bos._ I shall. [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ ANTONIO.

  _Duch._ The place that you must fly to is Ancona:
  Hire a house there; I'll send after you
  My treasure and my jewels. Our weak safety
  Runs upon enginous wheels: short syllables
  Must stand for periods. I must now accuse you
  Of such a feignèd crime as Tasso calls
  _Magnanima menzogna_, a noble lie,
  'Cause it must shield our honours.--Hark! they are coming.

   _Re-enter_ BOSOLA _and_ Officers.

  _Ant._ Will your grace hear me?

  _Duch._ I have got well by you; you have yielded me
  A million of loss: I am like to inherit
  The people's curses for your stewardship.
  You had the trick in audit-time to be sick,
  Till I had signed your quietus; and that cured you
  Without help of a doctor.--Gentlemen,
  I would have this man be an example to you all;
  So shall you hold my favour; I pray, let him;
  For h'as done that, alas, you would not think of,
  And, because I intend to be rid of him,
  I mean not to publish.--Use your fortune elsewhere.

  _Ant._ I am strongly armed to brook my overthrow,
  As commonly men bear with a hard year:
  I will not blame the cause on't; but do think
  The necessity of my malevolent star
  Procures this, not her humour. O, the inconstant
  And rotten ground of service! you may see,
  'Tis even like him, that in a winter night,
  Takes a long slumber o'er a dying fire,
  A-loth to part from't; yet parts thence as cold
  As when he first sat down.

  _Duch._ We do confiscate,
  Towards the satisfying of your accounts,
  All that you have.

  _Ant._ I am all yours; and 'tis very fit
  All mine should be so.

  _Duch._ So, sir, you have your pass.

  _Ant._ You may see, gentlemen, what 'tis to serve
  A prince with body and soul. [_Exit._

  _Bos._ Here's an example for extortion: what moisture is drawn out of
  the sea, when foul weather comes, pours down, and runs into the sea

  _Duch._ I would know what are your opinions
  Of this Antonio.

  _2nd Off._ He could not abide to see a pig's head gaping: I thought
  your grace would find him a Jew.

  _3rd Off._ I would you had been his officer, for your own sake.

  _4th Off._ You would have had more money.

  _1st Off._ He stopped his ears with black wool, and to those came to
  him for money said he was thick of hearing.

  _2nd Off._ Some said he was an hermaphrodite, for he could not abide a

  _4th Off._ How scurvy proud he would look when the treasury was full!
  Well, let him go.

  _1st Off._ Yes, and the chippings of the buttery fly after him, to
  scour his gold chain.

  _Duch._ Leave us. [_Exeunt_ Officers.
  What do you think of these?

  _Bos._ That these are rogues that in's prosperity,
  But to have waited on his fortune, could have wished
  His dirty stirrup rivetted through their noses,
  And followed after's mule, like a bear in a ring;
  Would have prostituted their daughters to his lust;
  Made their first-born intelligencers; thought none happy
  But such as were born under his blest planet,
  And wore his livery: and do these lice drop off now?
  Well, never look to have the like again:
  He hath left a sort of flattering rogues behind him;
  Their doom must follow. Princes pay flatterers
  In their own money: flatterers dissemble their vices,
  And they dissemble their lies; that's justice.
  Alas, poor gentleman!

  _Duch._ Poor! he hath amply filled his coffers.

  _Bos._ Sure, he was too honest. Pluto,[127] the god of riches,
  When he's sent by Jupiter to any man,
  He goes limping, to signify that wealth
  That comes on God's name comes slowly; but when he's sent
  On the devil's errand, he rides post and comes in by scuttles.
  Let me show you what a most unvalued jewel
  You have in a wanton humour thrown away,
  To bless the man shall find him. He was an excellent
  Courtier and most faithful; a soldier that thought it
  As beastly to know his own value too little
  As devilish to acknowledge it too much.
  Both his virtue and form deserved a far better fortune:
  His discourse rather delighted to judge itself than show itself:
  His breast was filled with all perfection,
  And yet it seemed a private whispering-room,
  It made so little noise of't.

  _Duch._ But he was basely descended.

  _Bos._ Will you make yourself a mercenary herald,
  Rather to examine men's pedigrees than virtues?
  You shall want him:
  For know an honest statesman to a prince
  Is like a cedar planted by a spring;
  The spring bathes the tree's root, the grateful tree
  Rewards it with his shadow: you have not done so.
  I would sooner swim to the Bermoothes[128] on
  Two politicians' rotten bladders, tied
  Together with an intelligencer's heart-string,
  Than depend on so changeable a prince's favour.
  Fare thee well, Antonio! since the malice of the world
  Would needs down with thee, it cannot be said yet
  That any ill happened unto thee, considering thy fall
  Was accompanied with virtue.

  _Duch._ O, you render me excellent music!

  _Bos._ Say you?

  _Duch._ This good one that you speak of is my husband.

  _Bos._ Do I not dream! can this ambitious age
  Have so much goodness in't as to prefer
  A man merely for worth, without these shadows
  Of wealth and painted honours? possible?

  _Duch._ I have had three children by him.

  _Bos._ Fortunate lady!
  For you have made your private nuptial bed
  The humble and fair seminary of peace.
  No question but many an unbeneficed scholar
  Shall pray for you for this deed, and rejoice
  That some preferment in the world can yet
  Arise from merit. The virgins of your land
  That have no dowries shall hope your example
  Will raise them to rich husbands. Should you want
  Soldiers, 'twould make the very Turks and Moors
  Turn Christians, and serve you for this act.
  Last, the neglected poets of your time,
  In honour of this trophy of a man,
  Raised by that curious engine, your white hand,
  Shall thank you, in your grave, for't; and make that
  More reverend than all the cabinets
  Of living princes. For Antonio.
  His fame shall likewise flow from many a pen,
  When heralds shall want coats to sell to men.

  _Duch._ As I taste comfort in this friendly speech,
  So would I find concealment.

  _Bos._ O, the secret of my prince,
  Which I will wear on the inside of my heart!

  _Duch._ You shall take charge of all my coin and jewels,
  And follow him; for he retires himself
  To Ancona.

  _Bos._ So.

  _Duch._ Whither, within few days,
  I mean to follow thee.

  _Bos._ Let me think:
  I would wish your grace to feign a pilgrimage
  To our Lady of Loretto, scarce seven leagues
  From fair Ancona; so may you depart
  Your country with more honour, and your flight
  Will seem a princely progress, retaining
  Your usual train about you.

  _Duch._ Sir, your direction
  Shall lead me by the hand.

  _Cari._ In my opinion,
  She were better progress to the baths at Lucca,
  Or go visit the Spa
  In Germany; for, if you will believe me,
  I do not like this jesting with religion,
  This feignèd pilgrimage.

  _Duch._ Thou art a superstitious fool:
  Prepare us instantly for our departure.
  Past sorrows, let us moderately lament them;
  For those to come, seek wisely to prevent them.
  [_Exeunt_ DUCHESS _and_ CARIOLA.

  _Bos._ A politician is the devil's quilted anvil;
  He fashions all sins on him, and the blows
  Are never heard: he may work in a lady's chamber,
  As here for proof. What rests but I reveal
  All to my lord? O, this base quality
  Of intelligencer! why, every quality i' the world
  Prefers but gain or commendation:
  Now for this act I am certain to be raised,
  And men that paint weeds to the life are praised.

  SCENE III.--_An Apartment in the_ Cardinal's _Palace at Rome._


  _Card._ Must we turn soldier, then?

  _Mal._ The emperor,
  Hearing your worth that way, ere you attained
  This reverend garment, joins you in commission
  With the right fortunate soldier the Marquis of Pescara,
  And the famous Lannoy.

  _Card._ He that had the honour
  Of taking the French king prisoner?[129]

  _Mal._ The same.
  Here's a plot[130] drawn for a new fortification
  At Naples.

  _Ferd._ This great Count Malatesti, I perceive,
  Hath got employment?

  _Delio._ No employment, my lord;
  A marginal note in the muster-book, that he is
  A voluntary lord.

  _Ferd._ He's no soldier.

  _Delio._ He has worn gunpowder in's hollow tooth for the toothache.

  _Sil._ He come to the leaguer[131] with a full intent
  To eat fresh beef and garlic, means to stay
  Till the scent be gone, and straight return to court.

  _Delio._ He hath read all the late service
  As the city chronicle relates it;
  And keeps two pewterers going, only to express
  Battles in model.

  _Sil._ Then he'll fight by the book.

  _Delio._ By the almanac, I think,
  To choose good days and shun the critical;
  That's his mistress' scarf.

  _Sil._ Yes, he protests
  He would do much for that taffeta.

  _Delio._ I think he would run away from a battle,
  To save it from taking prisoner.

  _Sil._ He is horribly afraid
  Gunpowder will spoil the perfume on't.

  _Delio._ I saw a Dutchman break his pate once
  For calling him pot-gun; he made his head
  Have a bore in't like a musket.

  _Sil._ I would he had made a touchhole to't.
  He is indeed a guarded[132] sumpter-cloth,
  Only for the remove of the court.

   _Enter_ BOSOLA.

  _Pes._ Bosola arrived! what should be the business
  Some falling-out amongst the cardinals.
  These factions amongst great men, they are like
  Foxes, when their heads are divided,
  They carry fire in their tails, and all the country
  About them goes to wreck for't.

  _Sil._ What's that Bosola?

  _Delio._ I knew him in Padua--a fantastical scholar, like such who
  study to know how many knots was in Hercules' club, of what colour
  Achilles' beard was, or whether Hector were not troubled with the
  toothache. He hath studied himself half blear-eyed to know the true
  symmetry of Cæsar's nose by a shoeing-horn; and this he did to gain the
  name of a speculative man.

  _Pes._ Mark Prince Ferdinand:
  A very salamander lives in's eye,
  To mock the eager violence of fire.

  _Sil._ That cardinal hath made more bad faces with his oppression than
  ever Michael Angelo made good ones: he lifts up's nose, like a foul
  porpoise before a storm.

  _Pes._ The Lord Ferdinand laughs.

  _Delio._ Like a deadly cannon
  That lightens ere it smokes.

  _Pes._ These are your true pangs of death,
  The pangs of life, that struggle with great statesmen.

  _Delio._ In such a deformed silence witches whisper their charms.

  _Card._ Doth she make religion her riding-hood
  To keep her from the sun and tempest?

  _Ferd._ That,
  That damns her. Methinks her fault and beauty,
  Blended together, show like leprosy,
  The whiter, the fouler. I make it a question
  Whether her beggarly brats were ever christened.

  _Card._ I will instantly solicit the state of Ancona
  To have them banished.

  _Ferd._ You are for Loretto:
  I shall not be at your ceremony; fare you well.--
  Write to the Duke of Malfi, my young nephew
  She had by her first husband, and acquaint him
  With's mother's honesty.

  _Bos._ I will.

  _Ferd._ Antonio!
  A slave that only smelled of ink and counters,
  And never in's life looked like a gentleman,
  But in the audit-time.--Go, go presently,
  Draw me out an hundred and fifty of our horse,
  And meet me at the fort-bridge.

  SCENE IV.--_The Shrine of our Lady of Loretto._

   _Enter_ Two Pilgrims.

  _1st Pil._ I have not seen a goodlier shrine than this;
  Yet I have visited many.

  _2nd Pil._ The Cardinal of Arragon
  Is this day to resign his cardinal's hat:
  His sister duchess likewise is arrived
  To pay her vow of pilgramage. I expect
  A noble ceremony.

  _1st Pil._ No question.--They come.

   _Here the ceremony of the_ Cardinal's _instalment, in the habit of
   a soldier, is performed by his delivering up his cross, hat, robes,
   and ring, at the shrine, and the investing of him with sword, helmet,
   shield, and spurs; then_ ANTONIO, _the_ DUCHESS, _and their children,
   having presented themselves at the shrine, are, by a form of
   banishment in dumb-show expressed towards them by the_ Cardinal _and
   the state of  Ancona, banished: during all which ceremony, this ditty
   is sung, to  very solemn music, by divers churchmen._

  Arms and honours deck thy story,
  To thy fame's eternal glory!
  Adverse fortune ever fly thee;
  No disastrous fate come nigh thee!
  I alone will sing thy praises,
  Whom to honour virtue raises;
  And thy study, that divine is,
  Bent to martial discipline is.
  Lay aside all those robes lie by thee;
  Crown thy arts with arms, they'll beautify thee.
  O worthy of worthiest name, adorned in this manner,
  Lead bravely thy forces on under war's warlike banner!
  O, mayst thou prove fortunate in all martial courses!
  Guide thou still by skill in arts and forces!
  Victory attend thee nigh, whilst fame sings loud thy powers;
  Triumphant conquest crown thy head, and blessings pour down showers!
  [_Exeunt all except the_ Two Pilgrims.

  _1st Pil._ Here's a strange turn of state! who would have thought
  So great a lady would have matched herself
  Unto so mean a person? yet the cardinal
  Bears himself much too cruel.

  _2nd Pil._ They are banished.

  _1st Pil._ But I would ask what power hath this state
  Of Ancona to determine of a free prince?

  _2nd Pit._ They are a free state, sir, and her brother showed
  How that the Pope, fore-hearing of her looseness,
  Hath seized into the protection of the church
  The dukedom which she held as dowager.

  _1st Pil._ But by what justice?

  _2nd Pil._ Sure, I think by none,
  Only her brother's instigation.

  _1st Pil._ What was it with such violence he took
  Off from her finger?

  _2nd Pil._ 'Twas her wedding-ring;
  Which he vowed shortly he would sacrifice
  To his revenge.

  _1st Pil._ Alas, Antonio!
  If that a man be thrust into a well,
  No matter who sets hand to't, his own weight
  Will bring him sooner to the bottom. Come, let's hence.
  Fortune makes this conclusion general,
  All things do help the unhappy man to fall. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE V.--_Near Loretto._

   _Enter_ DUCHESS, ANTONIO, Children, CARIOLA, _and_ Servants.

  _Duch._ Banished Ancona!

  _Ant._ Yes, you see what power
  Lightens in great men's breath.

  _Duch._ Is all our train
  Shrunk to this poor remainder?

  _Ant._ These poor men,
  Which have got little in your service, vow
  To take your fortune: but your wiser buntings,
  Now they are fledged, are gone.

  _Duch._ They have done wisely.
  This puts me in mind of death: physicians thus,
  With their hands full of money, use to give o'er
  Their patients.

  _Ant._ Right the fashion of the world:
  From decayed fortunes every flatterer shrinks;
  Men cease to build where the foundation sinks.

  _Duch._ I had a very strange dream to-night.

  _Ant._ What was't?

  _Duch._ Methought I wore my coronet of state,
  And on a sudden all the diamonds
  Were changed to pearls.

  _Ant._ My interpretation
  Is, you'll weep shortly; for to me the pearls
  Do signify your tears.

  _Duch._ The birds that live i' the field
  On the wild benefit of nature live
  Happier than we; for they may choose their mates,
  And carol their sweet pleasures to the spring.

   _Enter_ BOSOLA _with a letter._

  _Bos._ You are happily o'erta'en.

  _Duch._ From my brother?

  _Bos._ Yes, from the Lord Ferdinand your brother
  All love and safety.

  _Duch._ Thou dost blanch mischief,
  Wouldst make it white. See, see, like to calm weather
  At sea before a tempest, false hearts speak fair
  To those they intend most mischief. [_Reads._
  "Send Antonio to me; I want his head in a business."
  A politic equivocation!
  He doth not want your counsel, but your head;
  That is, he cannot sleep till you be dead.
  And here's another pitfall that's strewed o'er
  With roses; mark it, 'tis a cunning one: [_Reads._
  "I stand engaged for your husband, for several debts at Naples: let not
  that trouble him; I had rather have his heart than his money:"--
  And I believe so too.

  _Bos._ What do you believe?

  _Duch._ That he so much distrusts my husband's love,
  He will by no means believe his heart is with him
  Until he sees it: the devil is not cunning enough
  To circumvent us in riddles.

  _Bos._ Will you reject that noble and free league
  Of amity and love which I present you?

  _Duch._ Their league is like that of some politic kings,
  Only to make themselves of strength and power
  To be our after-ruin: tell them so.

  _Bos._ And what from you?

  _Ant._ Thus tell him; I will not come.

  _Bos._ And what of this?

  _Ant._ My brothers have dispersed
  Blood-hounds abroad; which till I hear are muzzled,
  No truce, though hatched with ne'er such politic skill,
  Is safe, that hangs upon our enemies' will.
  I'll not come at them.

  _Bos._ This proclaims your breeding:
  Every small thing draws a base mind to fear,
  As the adamant draws iron. Fare you well, sir:
  You shall shortly hear from's. [_Exit._

  _Duch._ I suspect some ambush:
  Therefore by all my love I do conjure you
  To take your eldest son, and fly towards Milan.
  Let us not venture all this poor remainder
  In one unlucky bottom.

  _Ant._ You counsel safely.
  Best of my life, farewell, since we must part:
  Heaven hath a hand in't; but no otherwise
  Than as some curious artist takes in sunder
  A clock or watch, when it is out of frame,
  To bring't in better order.

  _Duch._ I know not which is best,
  To see you dead, or part with you.--Farewell, boy:
  Thou art happy that thou hast not understanding
  To know thy misery; for all our wit
  And reading brings us to a truer sense
  Of sorrow.--In the eternal church, sir,
  I do hope we shall not part thus.

  _Ant._ O, be of comfort!
  Make patience a noble fortitude,
  And think not how unkindly we are used:
  Man, like to cassia, is proved best being bruised.

  _Duch._ Must I, like a slave-born Russian,
  Account it praise to suffer tyranny?
  And yet, O Heaven, thy heavy hand is in't!
  I have seen my little boy oft scourge his top,
  And compared myself to't: naught made me e'er
  Go right but Heaven's scourge-stick.

  _Ant._ Do not weep:
  Heaven fashioned us of nothing, and we strive
  To bring ourselves to nothing.--Farewell, Cariola,
  And thy sweet armful.--If I do never see thee more,
  Be a good mother to your little ones,
  And save them from the tiger: fare you well.

  _Duch._ Let me look upon you once more, for that speech
  Came from a dying father: your kiss is colder
  Than that I have seen an holy anchorite
  Give to a dead man's skull.

  _Ant._ My heart is turned to a heavy lump of lead,
  With which I sound my danger: fare you well.
  [_Exeunt_ ANTONIO _and his_ Son.

  _Duch._ My laurel is all withered.

  _Cari._ Look, madam, what a troop of armèd men
  Make towards us.

  _Duch._ O, they are very welcome:
  When Fortune's wheel is over-charged with princes,
  The weight makes it move swift: I would have my ruin
  Be sudden.

   _Re-enter_ BOSOLA _visarded, with a_ Guard.

             I am your adventure, am I not?

  _Bos._ You are: you must see your husband no more.

  _Duch._ What devil art thou that counterfeit'st Heaven's thunder?

  _Bos._ Is that terrible? I would have you tell me whether
  Is that note worse that frights the silly birds
  Out of the corn, or that which doth allure them
  To the nets? you have hearkened to the last too much.

  _Duch._ O misery! like to a rusty o'er-charged cannon,
  Shall I never fly in pieces?--Come, to what prison?

  _Bos._ To none.

  _Duch._ Whither, then?

  _Bos._ To your palace.

  _Duch._ I have heard
  That Charon's boat serves to convey all o'er
  The dismal lake, but brings none back again.

  _Bos._ Your brothers mean you safety and pity.

  _Duch._ Pity!
  With such a pity men preserve alive
  Pheasants and quails, when they are not fat enough
  To be eaten.

  _Bos._ These are your children?

  _Duch._ Yes.

  _Bos._ Can they prattle?

  _Duch._ No;
  But I intend, since they were born accursed,
  Curses shall be their first language.

  _Bos._ Fie, madam!
  Forget this base, low fellow,--

  _Duch._ Were I a man,
  I'd beat that counterfeit face into thy other.

  _Bos._ One of no birth.

  _Duch._ Say that he was born mean,
  Man is most happy when's own actions
  Be arguments and examples of his virtue.

  _Bos._ A barren, beggarly virtue.

  _Duch._ I prithee, who is greatest? can you tell?
  Sad tales befit my woe: I'll tell you one.
  A salmon, as she swam unto the sea,
  Met with a dog-fish, who encounters her
  With this rough language: "Why art thou so bold
  To mix thyself with our high state of floods,
  Being no eminent courtier, but one
  That for the calmest and fresh time o' the year
  Dost live in shallow rivers, rank'st thyself
  With silly smelts and shrimps? and darest thou
  Pass by our dog-ship without reverence?"
  "O!" quoth the salmon, "sister, be at peace:
  Thank Jupiter we both have passed the net!
  Our value never can be truly known,
  Till in the fisher's basket we be shown:
  I' the market then my price may be the higher,
  Even when I am nearest to the cook and fire."
  So to great men the moral may be stretched;
  Men oft are valued high, when they're most wretched.--
  But come, whither you please. I am armed 'gainst misery;
  Bent to all sways of the oppressor's will:
  There's no deep valley but near some great hill.


  SCENE I.--_An Apartment in the_ DUCHESS' _Palace at Malfi._

   _Enter_ FERDINAND _and_ BOSOLA.

  _Ferd._ How doth our sister duchess bear herself
  In her imprisonment?

  _Bos._ Nobly: I'll describe her.
  She's sad as one long used to't, and she seems
  Rather to welcome the end of misery
  Than shun it; a behaviour so noble
  As gives a majesty to adversity:
  You may discern the shape of loveliness
  More perfect in her tears than in her smiles:
  She will muse four hours together; and her silence,
  Methinks, expresseth more than if she spake.

  _Ferd._ Her melancholy seems to be fortified
  With a strange disdain.

  _Bos._ 'Tis so; and this restraint,
  Like English mastiffs that grow fierce with tying,
  Makes her too passionately apprehend
  Those pleasures she's kept from.

  _Ferd._ Curse upon her!
  I will no longer study in the book
  Of another's heart. Inform her what I told you.

   _Enter_ DUCHESS.[133]

  _Bos._ All comfort to your grace!

  _Duch._ I will have none.
  Pray thee, why dost thou wrap thy poisoned pills
  In gold and sugar?

  _Bos._ Your elder brother, the Lord Ferdinand,
  Is come to visit you, and sends you word,
  'Cause once he rashly made a solemn vow
  Never to see you more, he comes i' the night;
  And prays you gently neither torch nor taper
  Shine in your chamber: he will kiss your hand,
  And reconcile himself; but for his vow
  He dares not see you.

  _Duch._ At his pleasure.--
  Take hence the lights.--He's come.

   _Enter_ FERDINAND.

  _Ferd._ Where are you?

  _Duch._ Here, sir.

  _Ferd._ This darkness suits you well.

  _Duch._ I would ask you pardon.

  _Ferd._ You have it;
  For I account it the honorabl'st revenge,
  Where I may kill, to pardon.--Where are your cubs?

  _Duch._ Whom?

  _Ferd._ Call them your children;
  For though our national law distinguish bastards
  From true legitimate issue, compassionate nature
  Makes them all equal.

  _Duch._ Do you visit me for this?
  You violate a sacrament o' the church
  Shall make you howl in hell for't.

  _Ferd._ It had been well,
  Could you have lived thus always; for, indeed,
  You were too much i' the light:--but no more;
  I come to seal my peace with you. Here's a hand
  [_Gives her a dead man's hand._
  To which you have vowed much love; the ring upon't
  You gave.

  _Duch._ I affectionately kiss it.

  _Ferd._ Pray, do, and bury the print of it in your heart.
  I will leave this ring with you for a love-token;
  And the hand as sure as the ring; and do not doubt
  But you shall have the heart too: when you need a friend,
  Send it to him that owned it; you shall see
  Whether he can aid you.

  _Duch._ You are very cold:
  I fear you are not well after your travel.--
  Ha! lights! O, horrible!

  _Ferd._ Let her have lights enough. [_Exit._

  _Duch._ What witchcraft doth he practise, that he hath left
  A dead man's hand here?
  [_Here is discovered, behind a traverse,[134] the artificial figures
  of_ ANTONIO _and his_ Children, _appearing as if they were dead._

  _Bos._ Look you, here's the piece from which 'twas ta'en.
  He doth present you this sad spectacle,
  That, now you know directly they are dead,
  Hereafter you may wisely cease to grieve
  For that which cannot be recoverèd.

  _Duch._ There is not between Heaven and earth one wish
  I stay for after this: it wastes me more
  Than were't my picture, fashioned out of wax,
  Stuck with a magical needle, and then buried
  In some foul dunghill; and yond's an excellent property
  For a tyrant, which I would account mercy.

  _Bos._ What's that?

  _Duch._ If they would bind me to that lifeless trunk,
  And let me freeze to death.

  _Bos._ Come, you must live.

  _Duch._ That's the greatest torture souls feel in hell,
  In hell, that they must live, and cannot die.
  Portia, I'll new kindle thy coals again,
  And revive the rare and almost dead example
  Of a loving wife.

  _Bos._ O, fie! despair? remember
  You are a Christian.

  _Duch._ The church enjoins fasting:
  I'll starve myself to death.

  _Bos._ Leave this vain sorrow.
  Things being at the worst begin to mend: the bee
  When he hath shot his sting into your hand,
  May then play with your eyelid.

  _Duch._ Good comfortable fellow,
  Persuade a wretch that's broke upon the wheel
  To have all his bones new set; entreat him live
  To be executed again. Who must despatch me?
  I account this world a tedious theatre,
  For I do play a part in't 'gainst my will.

  _Bos._ Come, be of comfort; I will save your life.

  _Duch._ Indeed, I have not leisure to tend
  So small a business.

  _Bos._ Now, by my life, I pity you.

  _Duch._ Thou art a fool, then,
  To waste thy pity on a thing so wretched
  As cannot pity itself. I am full of daggers.
  Puff, let me blow these vipers from me.

   _Enter_ Servant.

  What are you?

  _Serv._ One that wishes you long life.

  _Duch._ I would thou wert hanged for the horrible curse
  Thou hast given me: I shall shortly grow one
  Of the miracles of pity. I'll go pray;--
  No, I'll go curse.

  _Bos._ O, fie!

  _Duch._ I could curse the stars.

  _Bos._ O, fearful.

  _Duch._ And those three smiling seasons of the year
  Into a Russian winter: nay, the world
  To its first chaos.

  _Bos._ Look you, the stars shine still.

  _Duch._ O, but you must
  Remember, my curse hath a great way to go.--
  Plagues, that make lanes through largest families,
  Consume them!--

  _Bos._ Fie, lady!

  _Duch._ Let them, like tyrants,
  Never be remembered but for the ill they have done;
  Let all the zealous prayers of mortified
  Churchmen forget them!--

  _Bos._ O, uncharitable!

  _Duch._ Let Heaven a little while cease crowning martyrs
  To punish them!--
  Go, howl them this, and say, I long to bleed:
  It is some mercy when men kill with speed. [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ FERDINAND.

  _Ferd._ Excellent, as I would wish; she's plagued in art:
  These presentations are but framed in wax
  By the curious master in that quality,
  Vincentio Lauriola, and she takes them
  For true substantial bodies.

  _Bos._ Why do you do this?

  _Ferd._ To bring her to despair.

  _Bos._ Faith, end here,
  And go no farther in your cruelty:
  Send her a penitential garment to put on
  Next to her delicate skin, and furnish her
  With beads and prayer-books.

  _Ferd._ Damn her! that body of hers,
  While that my blood ran pure in't, was more worth
  Than that which thou wouldst comfort, called a soul.
  I will send her masks of common courtezans,
  Have her meat served up by bawds and ruffians,
  And, 'cause she'll needs be mad, I am resolved
  To remove forth the common hospital
  All the mad-folk, and place them near her lodging;
  There let them practise together, sing and dance,
  And act their gambols to the full o' the moon:
  If she can sleep the better for it, let her.
  Your work is almost ended.

  _Bos._ Must I see her again?

  _Ferd._ Yes.

  _Bos._ Never.

  _Ferd._ You must.

  _Bos._ Never in mine own shape;
  That's forfeited by my intelligence
  And this last cruel lie: when you send me next,
  The business shall be comfort.

  _Ferd._ Very likely;
  Thy pity is nothing of kin to thee. Antonio
  Lurks about Milan: thou shalt shortly thither,
  To feed a fire as great as my revenge,
  Which never will slack till it have spent his fuel:
  Intemperate agues make physicians cruel. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE II.--_Another Room in the_ DUCHESS' _Lodging_.

   _Enter_ DUCHESS _and_ CARIOLA.

  _Duch._ What hideous noise was that?

  _Cari._ 'Tis the wild consort[135]
  Of madmen, lady, which your tyrant brother
  Hath placed about your lodging: this tyranny,
  I think, was never practised till this hour.

  _Duch._ Indeed, I thank him: nothing but noise and folly
  Can keep me in my right wits; whereas reason
  And silence make me stark mad. Sit down;
  Discourse to me some dismal tragedy.

  _Cari._ O, 'twill increase your melancholy.

  _Duch._ Thou art deceived:
  To hear of greater grief would lessen mine.
  This is a prison?

  _Cari._ Yes, but you shall live
  To shake this durance off.

  _Duch._ Thou art a fool:
  The robin-redbreast and the nightingale
  Never live long in cages.

  _Cari._ Pray, dry your eyes.
  What think you of, madam?

  _Duch._ Of nothing;
  When I muse thus, I sleep.

  _Cari._ Like a madman, with your eyes open?

  _Duch._ Dost thou think we shall know one another
  In the other world?

  _Cari._ Yes, out of question.

  _Duch._ O, that it were possible we might
  But hold some two days' conference with the dead!
  From them I should learn somewhat, I am sure,
  I never shall know here. I'll tell thee a miracle;
  I am not mad yet, to my cause of sorrow:
  The Heaven o'er my head seems made of molten brass,
  The earth of flaming sulphur, yet I am not mad.
  I am acquainted with sad misery
  As the tanned galley-slave is with his oar;
  Necessity makes me suffer constantly,
  And custom makes it easy. Who do I look like now?

  _Cari._ Like to your picture in the gallery,
  A deal of life in show, but none in practice;
  Or rather like some reverend monument
  Whose ruins are even pitied.

  _Duch._ Very proper;
  And Fortune seems only to have her eyesight
  To behold my tragedy.--How now!
  What noise is that?

   _Enter_ Servant.

  _Serv._ I am come to tell you
  Your brother hath intended you some sport.
  A great physician, when the Pope was sick
  Of a deep melancholy, presented him
  With several sorts of madmen, which wild object
  Being full of change and sport, forced him to laugh,
  And so the imposthume broke: the self-same cure
  The duke intends on you.

  _Duch._ Let them come in.

  _Serv._ There's a mad lawyer; and a secular priest;
  A doctor that hath forfeited his wits
  By jealousy; an astrologian
  That in his works said such a day o' the month
  Should be the day of doom, and, failing of't,
  Ran mad; an English tailor crazed i' the brain
  With the study of new fashions; a gentleman-usher
  Quite beside himself with care to keep in mind
  The number of his lady's salutations
  Or "How do you" she employed him in each morning;
  A farmer, too, an excellent knave in grain,
  Mad 'cause he was hindered transportation:
  And let one broker that's mad loose to these,
  You'd think the devil were among them.

  _Duch._ Sit, Cariola.--Let them loose when you please,
  For I am chained to endure all your tyranny.

   _Enter_ Madmen.

   _Here this Song is sung to a dismal kind of music by a_ Madman.

      O, let us howl some heavy note,
        Some deadly doggèd howl,
      Sounding as from the threatening throat
        Of beasts and fatal fowl!
      As ravens, screech-owls, bulls, and bears,
        We'll bell, and bawl our parts,
      Till irksome noise have cloyed your ears
        And còrrosived your hearts.
      At last, whenas our quire wants breath,
        Our bodies being blest,
      We'll sing, like swans, to welcome death,
        And die in love and rest.

  _1st Madman._ Doom's-day not come yet! I'll draw it nearer by a
  perspective, or make a glass that shall set all the world on fire upon
  an instant. I cannot sleep; my pillow is stuffed with a litter of

  _2nd Madman._ Hell is a mere glass-house, where the devils are
  continually blowing up women's souls on hollow irons, and the fire
  never goes out.

  _3rd Madman._ I will lie with every woman in my parish the tenth night;
  I will tythe them over like haycocks.

  _4th Madman._ Shall my pothecary out-go me because I am a cuckold? I
  have found out his roguery; he makes alum of his wife's urine, and
  sells it to Puritans that have sore throats with overstraining.

  _1st Madman._ I have skill in heraldry.

  _2nd Madman._ Hast?

  _1st Madman._ You do give for your crest a woodcock's head with the
  brains picked out on't; you are a very ancient gentleman.

  _3rd Madman._ Greek is turned Turk: we are only to be saved by the
  Helvetian translation.

  _1st Madman._ Come on, sir, I will lay the law to you.

  _2nd Madman._ O, rather lay a corrosive: the law will eat to the bone.

  _3rd Madman._ He that drinks but to satisfy nature is damned.

  _4th Madman._ If I had my glass here, I would show a sight should make
  all the women here call me mad doctor.

  _1st Madman._ What's he? a rope-maker?

  _2nd Madman._ No, no, no, a snuffling knave that, while he shows the
  tombs, will have his hand in a wench's placket.

  _3rd Madman._ Woe to the caroche[136] that brought home my wife from
  the masque at three o'clock in the morning! it had a large feather-bed
  in it.

  _4th Madman._ I have pared the devil's nails forty times, roasted them
  in raven's eggs, and cured agues with them.

  _3rd Madman._ Get me three hundred milchbats, to make possets to
  procure sleep.

  _4th Madman._ All the college may throw their caps at me: I have made a
  soap-boiler costive; it was my masterpiece.

   [_Here a dance of_ Eight Madmen, _with music answerable thereto; after
   which,_ BOSOLA, _like an_ Old Man, _enters._

  _Duch._ Is he mad too?

  _Serv._ Pray, question him. I'll leave you. [_Exeunt_ Servant _and_

  _Bos._ I am come to make thy tomb.

  _Duch._ Ha! my tomb!
  Thou speak'st as if I lay upon my deathbed,
  Gasping for breath: dost thou perceive me sick?

  _Bos._ Yes, and the more dangerously, since thy sickness is insensible.

  _Duch._ Thou art not mad, sure: dost know me?

  _Bos._ Yes.

  _Duch._ Who am I?

  _Bos._ Thou art a box of worm-seed, at best but a salvatory of
  green mummy. What's this flesh? a little crudded milk, fantastical
  puff-paste. Our bodies are weaker than those paper-prisons boys
  use to keep flies in; more contemptible, since ours is to preserve
  earth-worms. Didst thou ever see a lark in a cage? Such is the soul in
  the body: this world is like her little turf of grass, and the Heaven
  o'er our heads, like her looking-glass, only gives us a miserable
  knowledge of the small compass of our prison.

  _Duch._ Am not I thy duchess?

  _Bos._ Thou art some great woman, sure, for riot begins to sit on thy
  forehead (clad in grey hairs) twenty years sooner than on a merry
  milkmaid's. Thou sleepest worse than if a mouse should be forced to
  take up her lodging in a cat's ear: a little infant that breeds its
  teeth, should it lie with thee, would cry out, as if thou wert the more
  unquiet bedfellow.

  _Duch._ I am Duchess of Malfi still.

  _Bos._ That makes thy sleeps so broken:
  Glories, like glow-worms, afar off shine bright,
  But looked to near, have neither heat nor light.

  _Duch._ Thou art very plain.

  _Bos._ My trade is to flatter the dead, not the living; I am a

  _Duch._ And thou comest to make my tomb?

  _Bos._ Yes.

  _Duch._ Let me be a little merry:--of what stuff wilt thou make it?

  _Bos._ Nay, resolve me first, of what fashion?

  _Duch._ Why do we grow fantastical in our death-bed? do we affect
  fashion in the grave?

  _Bos._ Most ambitiously. Princes' images on their tombs do not lie, as
  they were wont, seeming to pray up to Heaven; but with their hands
  under their cheeks, as if they died of the toothache: they are not
  carved with their eyes fixed upon the stars; but as their minds were
  wholly bent upon the world, the self-same way they seem to turn their

  _Duch._ Let me know fully therefore the effect
  Of this thy dismal preparation,
  This talk fit for a charnel.

  _Bos._ Now I shall:--

   _Enter_ Executioners, _with a coffin, cords, and a bell._

  Here is a present from your princely brothers;
  And may it arrive welcome, for it brings
  Last benefit, last sorrow.

  _Duch._ Let me see it:
  I have so much obedience in my blood,
  I wish it in their veins to do them good.

  _Bos._ This is your last presence-chamber.

  _Cari._ O my sweet lady!

  _Duch._ Peace; it affrights not me.

  _Bos._ I am the common bellman,
  That usually is sent to condemned persons
  The night before they suffer.

  _Duch._ Even now thou said'st
  Thou wast a tomb-maker.

  _Bos._ 'Twas to bring you
  By degrees to mortification. Listen.
      Hark, now every thing is still
      The screech-owl and the whistler shrill
      Call upon our dame aloud,
      And bid her quickly don her shroud!
      Much you had of land and rent;
      Your length in clay's now competent:
      A long war disturbed your mind;
      Here your perfect peace is signed.
      Of what is't fools make such vain keeping?
      Sin their conception, their birth weeping,
      Their life a general mist of error,
      Their death a hideous storm of terror.
      Strew your hair with powders sweet,
      Don clean linen, bathe your feet,
      And (the foul fiend more to check)
      A crucifix let bless your neck:
      'Tis now full tide 'tween night and day;
      End your groan, and come away.

  _Cari._ Hence, villains, tyrants, murderers! alas!
  What will you do with my lady?--Call for help.

  _Duch._ To whom? to our next neighbours? they are mad-folks.

  _Bos._ Remove that noise.

  _Duch._ Farewell, Cariola.
  In my last will I have not much to give:
  A many hungry guests have fed upon me;
  Thine will be a poor reversion.

  _Cari._ I will die with her.

  _Duch._ I pray thee, look thou giv'st my little boy
  Some syrup for his cold, and let the girl
  Say her prayers ere she sleep.
  [CARIOLA _is forced out by the_ Executioners.
                                  Now what you please:
  What death?

  _Bos._ Strangling; here are your executioners.

  _Duch._ I forgive them:
  The apoplexy, catarrh, or cough o' the lungs,
  Would do as much as they do.

  _Bos._ Doth not death fright you?

  _Duch._ Who would be afraid on't,
  Knowing to meet such excellent company
  In the other world?

  _Bos._ Yet, methinks,
  The manner of your death should much afflict you:
  This cord should terrify you.

  _Duch._ Not a whit:
  What would it pleasure me to have my throat cut
  With diamonds? or to be smotherèd
  With cassia? or to be shot to death with pearls?
  I know death hath ten thousand several doors
  For men to take their exits; and 'tis found
  They go on such strange geometrical hinges,
  You may open them both ways; any way, for Heaven sake,
  So I were out of your whispering. Tell my brothers
  That I perceive death, now I am well awake,
  Best gift is they can give or I can take.
  I would fain put off my last woman's fault,
  I'd not be tedious to you.

  _1st Execut._ We are ready.

  _Duch._ Dispose my breath how please you; but my body
  Bestow upon my women, will you?

  _1st Execut._ Yes.

  _Duch._ Pull, and pull strongly, for your able strength
  Must pull down Heaven upon me:--
  Yet stay; Heaven-gates are not so highly arched
  As princes' palaces; they that enter there
  Must go upon their knees [_Kneels._]--Come, violent death,
  Serve for mandragora to make me sleep!--
  Go tell my brothers, when I am laid out,
  They then may feed in quiet.
  [_The_ Executioners _strangle the_ DUCHESS.[137]

  _Bos._ Where's the waiting woman?
  Fetch her: some other strangle the children.
  [CARIOLA _and_ Children _are brought in by the_ Executioners; _who
  presently strangle the_ Children.
  Look you, there sleeps your mistress.

  _Cari._ O, you are damned
  Perpetually for this! My turn is next,
  Is't not so ordered?

  _Bos._ Yes, and I am glad
  You are so well prepared for't.

  _Cari._ You are deceived, sir,
  I am not prepared for't, I will not die;
  I will first come to my answer, and know
  How I have offended.

  _Bos._ Come, despatch her.--
  You kept her counsel; now you shall keep ours.

  _Cari._ I will not die, I must not; I am contracted
  To a young gentleman.

  _1st Execut._ Here's your wedding-ring.

  _Cari._ Let me but speak with the duke; I'll discover
  Treason to his person.

  _Bos._ Delays:--throttle her.

  _1st Execut._ She bites and scratches.

  _Cari._ If you kill me now,
  I am damned; I have not been at confession
  This two years.

  _Bos._ [_to_ Executioners]. When?

  _Cari._ I am quick with child.

  _Bos._ Why, then,
  Your credit's saved.
  [_The_ Executioners _strangle_ CARIOLA.
                       Bear her into the next room;
  Let these lie still.
  [_Exeunt the_ Executioners _with the body of_ CARIOLA.

   _Enter_ FERDINAND.

  _Ferd._ Is she dead?

  _Bos._ She is what
  You'd have her. But here begin your pity:
  [_Shows the_ Children _strangled._
  Alas, how have these offended?

  _Ferd._ The death
  Of young wolves is never to be pitied.

  _Bos._ Fix your eye here.

  _Ferd._ Constantly.

  _Bos._ Do you not weep?
  Other sins only speak; murder shrieks out:
  The element of water moistens the earth,
  But blood flies upwards and bedews the heavens.

  _Ferd._ Cover her face; mine eyes dazzle: she died young.

  _Bos._ I think not so; her infelicity
  Seemed to have years too many.

  _Ferd._ She and I were twins;
  And should I die this instant, I had lived
  Her time to a minute.

  _Bos._ It seems she was born first:
  You have bloodily approved the ancient truth,
  That kindred commonly do worse agree
  Than remote strangers.

  _Ferd._ Let me see her face
  Again. Why didst not thou pity her? what
  An excellent honest man mightst thou have been,
  If thou hadst born her to some sanctuary!
  Or, bold in a good cause, opposed thyself,
  With thy advancèd sword above thy head,
  Between her innocence and my revenge!
  I bade thee, when I was distracted of my wits,
  Go kill my dearest friend, and thou hast done't.
  For let me but examine well the cause:
  What was the meanness of her match to me?
  Only I must confess I had a hope,
  Had she continued widow, to have gained
  An infinite mass of treasure by her death:
  And what was the main cause? her marriage,
  That drew a stream of gall quite through my heart.
  For thee, as we observe in tragedies
  That a good actor many times is cursed
  For playing a villain's part, I hate thee for't,
  And, for my sake, say, thou hast done much ill well.

  _Bos._ Let me quicken your memory, for I perceive
  You are falling into ingratitude: I challenge
  The reward due to my service.

  _Ferd._ I'll tell thee
  What I'll give thee.

  _Bos._ Do.

  _Ferd._ I'll give thee a pardon
  For this murder.

  _Bos._ Ha!

  _Ferd._ Yes, and 'tis
  The largest bounty I can study to do thee.
  By what authority didst thou execute
  This bloody sentence?

  _Bos._ By yours.

  _Ferd._ Mine! was I her judge?
  Did any ceremonial form of law
  Doom her to not-being? did a còmplete jury
  Deliver her conviction up i' the court?
  Where shalt thou find this judgment registered,
  Unless in hell? See, like a bloody fool,
  Thou'st forfeited thy life, and thou shalt die for't.

  _Bos._ The office of justice is perverted quite
  When one thief hangs another. Who shall dare
  To reveal this?

  _Ferd._ O, I'll tell thee;
  The wolf shall find her grave, and scrape it up,
  Not to devour the corpse, but to discover
  The horrid murder.[138]

  _Bos._ You, not I, shall quake for't.

  _Ferd._ Leave me.

  _Bos._ I will first receive my pension.

  _Ferd._ You are a villain.

  _Bos._ When your ingratitude
  Is judge, I am so.

  _Ferd._ O horror,
  That not the fear of him which binds the devils
  Can prescribe man obedience!--
  Never look upon me more.

  _Bos._ Why, fare thee well.
  Your brother and yourself are worthy men:
  You have a pair of hearts are hollow graves,
  Rotten, and rotting others; and your vengeance,
  Like two chained bullets, still goes arm in arm:
  You may be brothers; for treason, like the plague,
  Doth take much in a blood. I stand like one
  That long hath ta'en a sweet and golden dream:
  I am angry with myself, now that I wake.

  _Ferd._ Get thee into some unknown part o' the world,
  That I may never see thee.

  _Bos._ Let me know
  Wherefore I should be thus neglected. Sir,
  I served your tyranny, and rather strove
  To satisfy yourself than all the world:
  And though I loathed the evil, yet I loved
  You that did counsel it; and rather sought
  To appear a true servant than an honest man.

  _Ferd._ I'll go hunt the badger by owl-light:
  'Tis a deed of darkness. [_Exit._

  _Bos._ He's much distracted. Off, my painted honour!
  While with vain hopes our faculties we tire,
  We seem to sweat in ice and freeze in fire.
  What would I do, were this to do again?
  I would not change my peace of conscience
  For all the wealth of Europe.--She stirs; here's life:--
  Return, fair soul, from darkness, and lead mine
  Out of this sensible hell:--she's warm, she breathes:--
  Upon thy pale lips I will melt my heart,
  To store them with fresh colour.--Who's there!
  Some cordial drink!--Alas! I dare not call:
  So pity would destroy pity.--Her eye opes,
  And Heaven in it seems to ope, that late was shut,
  To take me up to mercy.

  _Duch._ Antonio!

  _Bos._ Yes, madam, he is living;
  The dead bodies you saw were but feigned statues:
  He's reconciled to your brothers; the Pope hath wrought
  The atonement.

  _Duch._ Mercy! [_Dies._

  _Bos._ O, she's gone again! there the cords of life broke.
  O sacred innocence, that sweetly sleeps
  On turtles' feathers, whilst a guilty conscience
  Is a black register wherein is writ
  All our good deeds and bad, a perspective
  That shows us hell! That we cannot be suffered
  To do good when we have a mind to it!
  This is manly sorrow;
  These tears, I am very certain, never grew
  In my mother's milk: my estate is sunk
  Below the degree of fear: where were
  These penitent fountains while she was living?
  O, they were frozen up! Here is a sight
  As direful to my soul as is the sword
  Unto a wretch hath slain his father. Come,
  I'll bear thee hence,
  And execute thy last will; that's deliver
  Thy body to the reverend dispose
  Of some good women: that the cruel tyrant
  Shall not deny me. Then I'll post to Milan,
  Where somewhat I will speedily enact
  Worth my dejection. [_Exit._


  SCENE I.--_A Public Place in Milan._

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Ant._ What think you of my hope of reconcilement
  To the Arragonian brethren?

  _Delio._ I misdoubt it;
  For though they have sent their letters of safe-conduct
  For your repair to Milan, they appear
  But nets to entrap you. The Marquis of Pescara,
  Under whom you hold certain land in cheat,
  Much 'gainst his noble nature hath been moved
  To seize those lands; and some of his dependants
  Are at this instant making it their suit
  To be invested in your revenues.
  I cannot think they mean well to your life
  That do deprive you of your means of life,
  Your living.

  _Ant._ You are still an heretic
  To any safety I can shape myself.

  _Delio._ Here comes the marquis: I will make myself
  Petitioner for some part of your land,
  To know whither it is flying.

  _Ant._ I pray do.

   _Enter_ PESCARA.

  _Delio._ Sir, I have a suit to you.

  _Pes._ To me?

  _Delio._ An easy one:
  There is the citadel of Saint Bennet,
  With some demesnes, of late in the possession
  Of Antonio Bologna,--please you bestow them on me.

  _Pes._ You are my friend; but this is such a suit,
  Nor fit for me to give, nor you to take.

  _Delio._ No, sir?

  _Pes._ I will give you ample reason for't
  Soon in private:--here's the cardinal's mistress.

   _Enter_ JULIA.

  _Julia._ My lord, I am grown your poor petitioner,
  And should be an ill beggar, had I not
  A great man's letter here, the cardinal's,
  To court you in my favour. [_Gives a letter._

  _Pes._ He entreats for you
  The citadel of Saint Bennet, that belonged
  To the banished Bologna.

  _Julia._ Yes.

  _Pes._ I could not have thought of a friend I could rather
  Pleasure with it: 'tis yours.

  _Julia._ Sir, I thank you;
  And he shall know how doubly I am engaged
  Both in your gift, and speediness of giving
  Which makes your grant the greater. [_Exit._

  _Ant._ How they fortify
  Themselves with my ruin!

  _Delio._ Sir, I am
  Little bound to you.

  _Pes._ Why?

  _Delio._ Because you denied this suit to me, and gave't
  To such a creature.

  _Pes._ Do you know what it was?
  It was Antonio's land; not forfeited
  By course of law, but ravished from his throat
  By the cardinal's entreaty: it were not fit
  I should bestow so main a piece of wrong
  Upon my friend; 'tis a gratification
  Only due to a strumpet, for it is injustice.
  Shall I sprinkle the pure blood of innocents
  To make those followers I call my friends
  Look ruddier upon me? I am glad
  This land, ta'en from the owner by such wrong,
  Returns again unto so foul an use
  As salary for his lust. Learn, good Delio,
  To ask noble things of me, and you shall find
  I'll be a noble giver.

  _Delio._ You instruct me well.

  _Ant._ Why, here's a man now would fright impudence
  From sauciest beggars.

  _Pes._ Prince Ferdinand's come to Milan,
  Sick, as they give out, of an apoplexy;
  But some say 'tis a frenzy: I am going
  To visit him. [_Exit._

  _Ant._ 'Tis a noble old fellow.

  _Delio._ What course do you mean to take, Antonio?

  _Ant._ This night I mean to venture all my fortune,
  Which is no more than a poor lingering life,
  To the cardinal's worst of malice: I have got
  Private access to his chamber; and intend
  To visit him about the mid of night,
  As once his brother did our noble duchess.
  It may be that the sudden apprehension
  Of danger,--for I'll go in mine own shape,--
  When he shall see it fraight[139] with love and duty,
  May draw the poison out of him, and work
  A friendly reconcilement: if it fail,
  Yet it shall rid me of this infamous calling;
  For better fall once than be ever falling.

  _Delio._ I'll second you in all danger; and, howe'er,
  My life keeps rank with yours.

  _Ant._ You are still my loved and best friend.

  SCENE II.--_A Gallery in the_ Cardinal's _Palace at Milan._

   _Enter_ PESCARA _and_ Doctor.

  _Pes._ Now, doctor, may I visit your patient?

  _Doc._ If't please your lordship: but he's instantly
  To take the air here in the gallery
  By my direction.

  _Pes._ Pray thee, what's his disease?

  _Doc._ A very pestilent disease, my lord,
  They call lycanthropia.

  _Pes._ What's that?
  I need a dictionary to't.

  _Doc._ I'll tell you.
  In those that are possessed with't there o'erflows
  Such melancholy humour they imagine
  Themselves to be transformed into wolves;
  Steal forth to churchyards in the dead of night,
  And dig dead bodies up: as two nights since
  One met the duke 'bout midnight in a lane
  Behind Saint Mark's church, with the leg of a man
  Upon his shoulder; and he howled fearfully;
  Said he was a wolf, only the difference
  Was, a wolf's skin was hairy on the outside,
  His on the inside; bade them take their swords,
  Rip up his flesh, and try: straight I was sent for,
  And, having ministered to him, found his grace
  Very well recovered.

  _Pes._ I am glad on't.

  _Doc._ Yet not without some fear
  Of a relapse. If he grow to his fit again,
  I'll go a nearer way to work with him
  Than ever Paracelsus dreamed of; if
  They'll give me leave, I'll buffet his madness out of him.
  Stand aside; he comes.

   _Enter_ FERDINAND, Cardinal, MALATESTI, _and_ BOSOLA.

  _Ferd._ Leave me.

  _Mal._ Why doth your lordship love this solitariness?

  _Ferd._ Eagles commonly fly alone: they are crows, daws, and starlings
  that flock together. Look, what's that follows me?

  _Mal._ Nothing, my lord.

  _Ferd._ Yes.

  _Mal._ 'Tis your shadow.

  _Ferd._ Stay it; let it not haunt me.

  _Mal._ Impossible, if you move, and the sun shine.

  _Ferd._ I will throttle it. [_Throws himself down on his shadow._

  _Mal._ O, my lord, you are angry with nothing.

  _Ferd._ You are a fool: how is't possible I should catch my shadow,
  unless I fall upon't? When I go to hell, I mean to carry a bribe; for,
  look you, good gifts evermore make way for the worst persons.

  _Pes._ Rise, good my lord.

  _Ferd._ I am studying the art of patience.

  _Pes._ 'Tis a noble virtue.

  _Ferd._ To drive six snails before me from this town to Moscow; neither
  use goad nor whip to them, but let them take their own time;--the
  patient'st man i' the world match me for an experiment;--and I'll crawl
  after like a sheep-biter.

  _Card._ Force him up. [_They raise him._

  _Ferd._ Use me well, you were best. What I have done, I have done: I'll
  confess nothing.

  _Doc._ Now let me come to him.--Are you mad, my lord? are you out of
  your princely wits?

  _Ferd._ What's he?

  _Pes._ Your doctor.

  _Ferd._ Let me have his beard sawed off, and his eyebrows filed more

  _Doc._ I must do mad tricks with him, for that's the only way
  on't.--I have brought your grace a salamander's skin to keep you from

  _Ferd._ I have cruel sore eyes.

  _Doc._ The white of a cockatrix's egg is present remedy.

  _Ferd._ Let it be a new laid one, you were best.--
  Hide me from him: physicians are like kings,--
  They brook no contradiction.

  _Doc._ Now he begins to fear me: now let me alone with him.

  _Card._ How-now! put off your gown!

  _Doc._ Let me have some forty urinals filled with rose-water: he and
  I'll go pelt one another with them.--Now he begins to fear me.--Can you
  fetch a frisk, sir?--Let him go, let him go, upon my peril: I find by
  his eye he stands in awe of me; I'll make him as tame as a dormouse.

  _Ferd._ Can you fetch your frisks, sir!--I will stamp him into a
  cullis, flay off his skin, to cover one of the anatomies[140] this
  rogue hath set i' the cold yonder in Barber-Surgeon's-hall.--Hence,
  hence! you are all of you like beasts for sacrifice: there's nothing
  left of you but tongue and belly, flattery and lechery. [_Exit._

  _Pes._ Doctor, he did not fear you throughly.

  _Doc._ True; I was somewhat too forward.

  _Bos._ Mercy upon me, what a fatal judgment
  Hath fall'n upon this Ferdinand!

  _Pes._ Knows your grace
  What accident hath brought unto the prince
  This strange distraction?

  _Card._ [_Aside._] I must feign somewhat.--Thus they say it grew.
  You have heard it rumoured, for these many years
  None of our family dies but there is seen
  The shape of an old woman, which is given
  By tradition to us to have been murdered
  By her nephews for her riches. Such a figure
  One night, as the prince sat up late at's book,
  Appeared to him; when crying out for help,
  The gentlemen of's chamber found his grace
  All on a cold sweat, altered much in face
  And language: since which apparition,
  He hath grown worse and worse, and I much fear
  He cannot live.

  _Bos._ Sir, I would speak with you.

  _Pes._ We'll leave your grace,
  Wishing to the sick prince, our noble lord,
  All health of mind and body.

  _Card._ You are most welcome.
  [_Exeunt_ PESCARA, MALATESTI, _and_ Doctor.
  Are you come? so.--[_Aside._] This fellow must not know
  By any means I had intelligence
  In our duchess' death; for, though I counselled it,
  The full of all the engagement seemed to grow
  From Ferdinand.--Now, sir, how fares our sister?
  I do not think but sorrow makes her look
  Like to an oft-dyed garment: she shall now
  Taste comfort from me. Why do you look so wildly?
  O, the fortune of your master here the prince
  Dejects you; but be you of happy comfort:
  If you'll do one thing for me I'll entreat,
  Though he had a cold tombstone o'er his bones,
  I'd make you what you would be.

  _Bos._ Any thing;
  Give it me in a breath, and let me fly to't:
  They that think long small expedition win,
  For musing much o' the end cannot begin.

   _Enter_ JULIA.

  _Julia._ Sir, will you come in to supper?

  _Card._ I am busy; leave me.

  _Julia._ [_Aside._] What an excellent shape hath that fellow!

  _Card._ 'Tis thus. Antonio lurks here in Milan:
  Inquire him out, and kill him. While he lives,
  Our sister cannot marry; and I have thought
  Of an excellent match for her. Do this, and style me
  Thy advancement.

  _Bos._ But by what means shall I find him out?

  _Card._ There is a gentleman called Delio
  Here in the camp, that hath been long approved
  His loyal friend. Set eye upon that fellow;
  Follow him to mass; may be Antonio,
  Although he do account religion
  But a school-name, for fashion of the world
  May accompany him; or else go inquire out
  Delio's confessor, and see if you can bribe
  Him to reveal it. There are a thousand ways
  A man might find to trace him; as to know
  What fellows haunt the Jews for taking up
  Great sums of money, for sure he's in want;
  Or else to go to the picture-makers, and learn
  Who bought her picture lately: some of these
  Happily may take.

  _Bos._ Well, I'll not freeze i' the business:
  I would see that wretched thing, Antonio,
  Above all sights i' the world.

  _Card._ Do, and be happy. [_Exit_.

  _Bos._ This fellow doth breed basilisks in's eyes,
  He's nothing else but murder; yet he seems
  Not to have notice of the duchess' death.
  'Tis his cunning: I must follow his example;
  There cannot be a surer way to trace
  Than that of an old fox.

   _Re-enter_ JULIA.

  _Julia._ So, sir, you are well met.

  _Bos._ How now!

  _Julia._ Nay, the doors are fast enough:
  Now, sir, I will make you confess your treachery.

  _Bos._ Treachery!

  _Julia._ Yes, confess to me
  Which of my women 'twas you hired to put
  Love-powder into my drink?

  _Bos._ Love-powder!

  _Julia._ Yes, when I was at Malfi.
  Why should I fall in love with such a face else?
  I have already suffered for thee so much pain,
  The only remedy to do me good
  Is to kill my longing.

  _Bos._ Sure, your pistol holds
  Nothing but perfumes or kissing-comfits.[141]
  Excellent lady!
  You have a pretty way on't to discover
  Your longing. Come, come, I'll disarm you,
  And arm you thus: yet this is wondrous strange.

  _Julia._ Compare thy form and my eyes together,
  You'll find my love no such great miracle.
  Now you'll say
  I am wanton: this nice modesty in ladies
  Is but a troublesome familiar
  That haunts them.

  _Bos._ Know you me, I am a blunt soldier.

  _Julia._ The better:
  Sure, there wants fire where there are no lively sparks
  Of roughness.

  _Bos._ And I want compliment.

  _Julia._ Why, ignorance
  In courtship cannot make you do amiss,
  If you have a heart to do well.

  _Bos._ You are very fair.

  _Julia._ Nay, if you lay beauty to my charge,
  I must plead unguilty.

  _Bos._ Your bright eyes
  Carry a quiver of darts in them sharper
  Than sunbeams.

  _Julia._ You will mar me with commendation,
  Put yourself to the charge of courting me,
  Whereas now I woo you.

  _Bos._ [_Aside._] I have it, I will work upon this creature.--
  Let us grow most amorously familiar:
  If the great cardinal now should see me thus,
  Would he not count me a villain?

  _Julia._ No; he might count me a wanton,
  Not lay a scruple of offence on you;
  For if I see and steal a diamond,
  The fault is not i' the stone, but in me the thief
  That purloins it. I am sudden with you:
  We that are great women of pleasure use to cut off
  These uncertain wishes and unquiet longings,
  And in an instant join the sweet delight
  And the pretty excuse together. Had you been i' the street,
  Under my chamber-window, even there
  I should have courted you.

  _Bos._ O, you are an excellent lady!

  _Julia._ Bid me do somewhat for you presently
  To express I love you.

  _Bos._ I will; and if you love me,
  Fail not to effect it.
  The cardinal is grown wondrous melancholy;
  Demand the cause, let him not put you off
  With feigned excuse; discover the main ground on't.

  _Julia._ Why would you know this?

  _Bos._ I have depended on him,
  And I hear that he is fall'n in some disgrace
  With the emperor: if he be, like the mice
  That forsake falling houses, I would shift
  To other dependance.

  _Julia._ You shall not need
  Follow the wars: I'll be your maintenance.

  _Bos._ And I your loyal servant: but I cannot
  Leave my calling.

  _Julia._ Not leave an ungrateful
  General for the love of a sweet lady!
  You are like some cannot sleep in feather-beds,
  But must have blocks for their pillows.

  _Bos._ Will you do this?

  _Julia._ Cunningly.

  _Bos._ To-morrow I'll expect the intelligence.

  _Julia._ To-morrow! get you into my cabinet;
  You shall have it with you. Do not delay me,
  No more than I do you: I am like one
  That is condemned; I have my pardon promised,
  But I would see it sealed. Go, get you in:
  You shall see me wind my tongue about his heart
  Like a skein of silk. [_Exit_ BOSOLA.

   _Re-enter_ Cardinal.

  _Card._ Where are you?

   _Enter_ Servants.

  _Servants._ Here.

  _Card._ Let none, upon your lives, have conference
  With the Prince Ferdinand, unless I know it.--
  [_Aside._] In this distraction he may reveal
  The murder. [_Exeunt_ Servants.
              Yond's my lingering consumption:
  I am weary of her, and by any means
  Would be quit of.

  _Julia._ How now, my lord! what ails you?

  _Card._ Nothing.

  _Julia._ O, you are much altered:
  Come, I must be your secretary, and remove
  This lead from off your bosom: what's the matter?

  _Card._ I may not tell you.

  _Julia._ Are you so far in love with sorrow
  You cannot part with part of it? or think you
  I cannot love your grace when you are sad
  As well as merry? or do you suspect
  I, that have been a secret to your heart
  These many winters, cannot be the same
  Unto your tongue?

  _Card._ Satisfy thy longing,--
  The only way to make thee keep my counsel
  Is, not to tell thee.

  _Julia._ Tell your echo this,
  Or flatterers, that like echoes still report
  What they hear though most imperfect, and not me;
  For if that you be true unto yourself,
  I'll know.

  _Card._ Will you rack me?

  _Julia._ No, judgment shall
  Draw it from you: it is an equal fault,
  To tell one's secrets unto all or none.

  _Card._ The first argues folly.

  _Julia._ But the last tyranny.

  _Card._ Very well: why, imagine I have committed
  Some secret deed which I desire the world
  May never hear of.

  _Julia._ Therefore may not I know it?
  You have concealed for me as great a sin
  As adultery. Sir, never was occasion
  For perfect trial of my constancy
  Till now: sir, I beseech you--

  _Card._ You'll repent it.

  _Julia._ Never.

  _Card._ It hurries thee to ruin: I'll not tell thee.
  Be well advised, and think what danger 'tis
  To receive a prince's secrets: they that do,
  Had need have their breasts hooped with adamant
  To contain them. I pray thee, yet be satisfied;
  Examine thine own frailty; 'tis more easy
  To tie knots than unloose them: 'tis a secret
  That, like a lingering poison, may chance lie
  Spread in thy veins, and kill thee seven year hence.

  _Julia._ Now you dally with me.

  _Card._ No more; thou shalt know it.
  By my appointment the great Duchess of Malfi
  And two of her young children, four nights since,
  Were strangled.

  _Julia._ O Heaven! sir, what have you done!

  _Card._ How now? how settles this? think you your bosom
  Will be a grave dark and obscure enough
  For such a secret?

  _Julia._ You have undone yourself, sir.

  _Card._ Why?

  _Julia._ It lies not in me to conceal it.

  _Card._ No?
  Come, I will swear you to't upon this book.

  _Julia._ Most religiously.

  _Card_. Kiss it. [_She kisses the book._
  Now you shall never utter it; thy curiosity
  Hath undone thee: thou'rt poisoned with that book;
  Because I knew thou couldst not keep my counsel,
  I have bound thee to't by death.

   _Re-enter_ BOSOLA.

  _Bos._ For pity-sake, hold!

  _Card._ Ha, Bosola!

  _Julia._ I forgive you
  This equal piece of justice you have done;
  For I betrayed your counsel to that fellow:
  He overheard it; that was the cause I said
  It lay not in me to conceal it.

  _Bos._ O foolish woman,
  Couldst not thou have poisoned him?

  _Julia._ 'Tis weakness,
  Too much to think what should have been done. I go,
  I know not whither. [_Dies._

  _Card._ Wherefore com'st thou hither?

  _Bos._ That I might find a great man like yourself,
  Not out of his wits as the Lord Ferdinand,
  To remember my service.

  _Card._ I'll have thee hewed in pieces.

  _Bos._ Make not yourself such a promise of that life
  Which is not yours to dispose of.

  _Card._ Who placed thee here?

  _Bos._ Her lust, as she intended.

  _Card._ Very well:
  Now you know me for your fellow-murderer.

  _Bos._ And wherefore should you lay fair marble colours
  Upon your rotten purposes to me?
  Unless you imitate some that do plot great treasons,
  And when they have done, go hide themselves i' the graves
  Of those were actors in't?

  _Card._ No more; there is
  A fortune attends thee.

  _Bos._ Shall I go sue to Fortune any longer?
  'Tis the fool's pilgrimage.

  _Card._ I have honours in store for thee.

  _Bos._ There are many ways that conduct to seeming honour;
  And some of them very dirty ones.

  _Card._ Throw to the devil
  Thy melancholy. The fire burns well;
  What need we keep a stirring of't, and make
  A greater smother? Thou wilt kill Antonio?

  _Bos._ Yes.

  _Card._ Take up that body.

  _Bos._ I think I shall
  Shortly grow the common bier for churchyards.

  _Card._ I will allow thee some dozen of attendants
  To aid thee in the murder.

  _Bos._ O, by no means. Physicians that apply horse-leeches to any rank
  swelling use to cut off their tails, that the blood may run through
  them the faster: let me have no train when I go to shed blood, lest it
  make me have a greater when I ride to the gallows.

  _Card._ Come to me after midnight, to help to remove
  That body to her own lodging: I'll give out
  She died o' the plague; 'twill breed the less inquiry
  After her death.

  _Bos._ Where's Castruccio her husband?

  _Card._ He's rode to Naples, to take possession
  Of Antonio's citadel.

  _Bos._ Believe me, you have done a very happy turn.

  _Card._ Fail not to come: there is the master-key
  Of our lodgings; and by that you may conceive
  What trust I plant in you.

  _Bos._ You shall find me ready. [_Exit_ Cardinal.
  O poor Antonio, though nothing be so needful
  To thy estate as pity, yet I find
  Nothing so dangerous; I must look to my footing:
  In such slippery ice-pavements men had need
  To be frost-nailed well, they may break their necks else;
  The precedent's here afore me. How this man
  Bears up in blood! seems fearless! Why, 'tis well:
  Security some men call the suburbs of hell,
  Only a dead wall between. Well, good Antonio,
  I'll seek thee out; and all my care shall be
  To put thee into safety from the reach
  Of these most cruel biters that have got
  Some of thy blood already. It may be,
  I'll join with thee in a most just revenge:
  The weakest arm is strong enough that strikes
  With the sword of justice. Still methinks the duchess
  Haunts me: there, there!--'Tis nothing but my melancholy.
  O Penitence, let me truly taste thy cup,
  That throws men down only to raise them up! [_Exit._

  SCENE III.--_A Fortification at Milan._

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ DELIO.

  _Delio._ Yond's the cardinal's window. This fortification
  Grew from the ruins of an ancient abbey;
  And to yond side o' the river lies a wall,
  Piece of a cloister, which in my opinion
  Gives the best echo that you ever heard,
  So hollow and so dismal, and withal
  So plain in the distinction of our words,
  That many have supposed it is a spirit
  That answers.

  _Ant._ I do love these ancient ruins.
  We never tread upon them but we set
  Our foot upon some reverend history:
  And, questionless, here in this open court,
  Which now lies naked to the injuries
  Of stormy weather, some men lie interred
  Loved the church so well, and gave so largely to't,
  They thought it should have canopied their bones
  Till doomsday; but all things have their end:
  Churches and cities, which have diseases like to men,
  Must have like death that we have.

  _Echo._ "Like death that we have."

  _Delio._ Now the echo hath caught you.

  _Ant._ It groaned, methought, and gave
  A very deadly accent.

  _Echo._ "Deadly accent."

  _Delio._ I told you 'twas a pretty one: you may make it
  A huntsman, or a falconer, a musician,
  Or a thing of sorrow.

  _Echo._ "A thing of sorrow."

  _Ant._ Ay, sure, that suits it best.

  _Echo._ "That suits it best."

  _Ant._ 'Tis very like my wife's voice.

  _Echo._ "Ay, wife's voice."

  _Delio._ Come, let us walk further from't.
  I would not have you go to the cardinal's to-night:
  Do not.

  _Echo._ "Do not."

  _Delio._ Wisdom doth not more moderate wasting sorrow
  Than time: take time for't; be mindful of thy safety.

  _Echo._ "Be mindful of thy safety."

  _Ant._ Necessity compels me:
  Make scrutiny throughout the passages
  Of your own life, you'll find it impossible
  To fly your fate.

  _Echo._ "O, fly your fate."

  _Delio._ Hark! the dead stones seem to have pity on you,
  And give you good counsel.

  _Ant._ Echo, I will not talk with thee,
  For thou art a dead thing.

  _Echo._ "Thou art a dead thing."

  _Ant._ My duchess is asleep now,
  And her little ones, I hope sweetly: O Heaven,
  Shall I never see her more?

  _Echo._ "Never see her more."

  _Ant._ I marked not one repetition of the echo
  But that; and on the sudden a clear light
  Presented me a face folded in sorrow.

  _Delio._ Your fancy merely.

  _Ant._ Come, I'll be out of this ague,
  For to live thus is not indeed to live;
  It is a mockery and abuse of life:
  I will not henceforth save myself by halves;
  Lose all, or nothing.

  _Delio._ Your own virtue save you!
  I'll fetch your eldest son, and second you:
  It may be that the sight of his own blood
  Spread in so sweet a figure may beget
  The more compassion. However, fare you well.
  Though in our miseries Fortune have a part,
  Yet in our noble sufferings she hath none:
  Contempt of pain, that we may call our own.

  SCENE IV.--_An Apartment in the_ Cardinal's _Palace._


  _Card._ You shall not watch to-night by the sick prince;
  His grace is very well recovered.

  _Mal._ Good my lord, suffer us.

  _Card._ O, by no means;
  The noise, and change of object in his eye,
  Doth more distract him: I pray, all to bed;
  And though you hear him in his violent fit,
  Do not rise, I entreat you.

  _Pes._ So, sir; we shall not.

  _Card._ Nay, I must have you promise
  Upon your honours, for I was enjoined to't
  By himself; and he seemed to urge it sensibly.

  _Pes._ Let our honours bind this trifle.

  _Card._ Nor any of your followers.

  _Mal._ Neither.

  _Card._ It may be, to make trial of your promise,
  When he's asleep, myself will rise and feign
  Some of his mad tricks, and cry out for help,
  And feign myself in danger.

  _Mal._ If your throat were cutting,
  I'd not come at you, now I have protested against it.

  _Card._ Why, I thank you.

  _Gris._ 'Twas a foul storm to-night.

  _Rod._ The Lord Ferdinand's chamber shook like an osier.

  _Mal._ 'Twas nothing but pure kindness in the devil,
  To rock his own child. [_Exeunt all except the_ Cardinal.

  _Card._ The reason why I would not suffer these
  About my brother, is, because at midnight
  I may with better privacy convey
  Julia's body to her own lodging. O, my conscience!
  I would pray now; but the devil takes away my heart
  For having any confidence in prayer.
  About this hour I appointed Bosola
  To fetch the body: when he hath served my turn,
  He dies. [_Exit._

   _Enter_ BOSOLA.

  _Bos._ Ha! 'twas the cardinal's voice; I heard him name
  Bosola and my death. Listen; I hear one's footing.

   _Enter_ FERDINAND.

  _Ferd._ Strangling is a very quiet death.

  _Bos._ [_Aside_.] Nay, then, I see I must stand upon my guard.

  _Ferd._ What say you to that? whisper softly; do you agree to't? So; it
  must be done i' the dark: the cardinal would not for a thousand pounds
  the doctor should see it. [_Exit._

  _Bos._ My death is plotted; here's the consequence of murder.
  We value not desert nor Christian breath,
  When we know black deeds must be cured with death.

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ Servant.

  _Serv._ Here stay, sir, and be confident, I pray:
  I'll fetch you a dark lantern. [_Exit._

  _Ant._ Could I take him at his prayers,
  There were hope of pardon.

  _Bos._ Fall right, my sword!--[_Stabs him._
  I'll not give thee so much leisure as to pray.

  _Ant._ O, I am gone! Thou hast ended a long suit
  In a minute.

  _Bos._ What art thou?

  _Ant._ A most wretched thing,
  That only have thy benefit in death,
  To appear myself.

   _Re-enter_ Servant _with a lantern._

  _Serv._ Where are you, sir?

  _Ant._ Very near my home.--Bosola!

  _Serv._ O, misfortune!

  _Bos._ Smother thy pity, thou art dead else.--Antonio!
  The man I would have saved 'bove mine own life!
  We are merely the stars' tennis-balls, struck and bandied
  Which way please them.--O good Antonio,
  I'll whisper one thing in thy dying ear
  Shall make thy heart break quickly! thy fair duchess and two sweet children--

  _Ant._ Their very names
  Kindle a little life in me.

  _Bos._ Are murdered.

  _Ant._ Some men have wished to die
  At the hearing of sad things; I am glad
  That I shall do't in sadness:[142] I would not now
  Wish my wounds balmed nor healed, for I have no use
  To put my life to. In all our quest of greatness,
  Like wanton boys, whose pastime is their care,
  We follow after bubbles blown in the air.
  Pleasure of life, what is't? only the good hours
  Of an ague; merely a preparative to rest,
  To endure vexation. I do not ask
  The process of my death; only commend me
  To Delio.

  _Bos._ Break, heart!

  _Ant._ And let my son fly the courts of princes. [_Dies._

  _Bos._ Thou seem'st to have loved Antonio?

  _Serv._ I brought him hither,
  To have reconciled him to the cardinal.

  _Bos._ I do not ask thee that.
  Take him up, if thou tender thine own life,
  And bear him where the lady Julia
  Was wont to lodge.--O, my fate moves swift;
  I have this cardinal in the forge already;
  Now I'll bring him to the hammer. O direful misprision!
  I will not imitate things glorious,
  No more than base; I'll be mine own example.--
  On, on, and look thou represent, for silence,
  The thing thou bear'st. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE V.--_Another Apartment in the same._

   _Enter_ Cardinal, _with a book._

  _Card._ I am puzzled in a question about hell:
  He says, in hell there's one material fire,
  And yet it shall not burn all men alike.
  Lay him by. How tedious is a guilty conscience!
  When I look into the fish-ponds in my garden,
  Methinks I see a thing armed with a rake,
  That seems to strike at me.

   _Enter_ BOSOLA, _and_ Servant _bearing_ ANTONIO'S _body._

                               Now, art thou come?
  Thou look'st ghastly:
  There sits in thy face some great determination
  Mixed with some fear.

  _Bos._ Thus it lightens into action:
  I am come to kill thee.

  _Card._ Ha!--Help! our guard!

  _Bos._ Thou art deceived;
  They are out of thy howling.

  _Card._ Hold; and I will faithfully divide
  Revenues with thee.

  _Bos._ Thy prayers and proffers
  Are both unseasonable.

  _Card._ Raise the watch! we are betrayed!

  _Bos._ I have confined your flight:
  I'll suffer your retreat to Julia's chamber,
  But no further.

  _Card._ Help! we are betrayed!


  _Mal._ Listen.

  _Card._ My dukedom for rescue!

  _Rod._ Fie upon his counterfeiting!

  _Mal._ Why, 'tis not the cardinal.

  _Rod._ Yes, yes, 'tis he:
  But I'll see him hanged ere I'll go down to him.

  _Card._ Here's a plot upon me; I am assaulted! I am lost,
  Unless some rescue.

  _Gris._ He doth this pretty well;
  But it will not serve to laugh me out of mine honour.

  _Card._ The sword's at my throat!

  _Rod._ You would not bawl so loud then.

  _Mal._ Come, come, let's go
  To bed: he told us thus much aforehand.

  _Pes._ He wished you should not come at him; but, believe't,
  The accent of the voice sounds not in jest:
  I'll down to him, howsoever, and with engines
  Force ope the doors. [_Exit above._

  _Rod._ Let's follow him aloof,
  And note how the cardinal will laugh at him.
  [_Exeunt, above_, MALATESTI, RODERIGO, _and_ GRISOLAN.

  _Bos._ There's for you first,
  'Cause you shall not unbarricade the door
  To let in rescue. [_Kills the_ Servant.

  _Card._ What cause hast thou to pursue my life?

  _Bos._ Look there.

  _Card._ Antonio!

  _Bos._ Slain by my hand unwittingly.
  Pray, and be sudden: when thou killed'st thy sister,
  Thou took'st from Justice her most equal balance,
  And left her naught but her sword.

  _Card._ O, mercy!

  _Bos._ Now it seems thy greatness was only outward;
  For thou fall'st faster of thyself than calamity
  Can drive thee. I'll not waste longer time; there!
  [_Stabs him._

  _Card._ Thou hast hurt me.

  _Bos._ Again! [_Stabs him again._

  _Card._ Shall I die like a leveret,
  Without any resistance?--Help, help, help!
  I am slain!

   _Enter_ FERDINAND.

  _Ferd._ The alarum! give me a fresh horse;
  Rally the vaunt-guard, or the day is lost.
  Yield, yield! I give you the honour of arms,
  Shake my sword over you; will you yield?

  _Card._ Help me; I am your brother!

  _Ferd._ The devil!
  My brother fight upon the adverse party!
  [_He wounds the_ Cardinal, _and, in the scuffle, gives_ BOSOLA
  _his death-wound._
  There flies your ransom.

  _Card._ O justice!
  I suffer now for what hath former bin:
  Sorrow is held the eldest child of sin.

  _Ferd._ Now you're brave fellows. Cæsar's fortune was harder than
  Pompey's; Cæsar died in the arms of prosperity, Pompey at the feet of
  disgrace. You both died in the field. The pain's nothing: pain many
  times is taken away with the apprehension of greater, as the toothache
  with the sight of the barber that comes to pull it out: there's
  philosophy for you.

  _Bos._ Now my revenge is perfect.--Sink, thou main cause
  [_Kills_ FERDINAND.
  Of my undoing!--The last part of my life
  Hath done me best service.

  _Ferd._ Give me some wet hay; I am broken-winded
  I do account this world but a dog kennel:
  I will vault credit and affect high pleasures
  Beyond death.

  _Bos._ He seems to come to himself,
  Now he's so near the bottom.

  _Ferd._ My sister, O my sister! there's the cause on't.
  Whether we fall by ambition, blood, or lust,
  Like diamonds we are cut with our own dust. [_Dies._

  _Card._ Thou hast thy payment too.

  _Bos._ Yes, I hold my weary soul in my teeth;
  'Tis ready to part from me. I do glory
  That thou, which stood'st like a huge pyramid
  Begun upon a large and ample base,
  Shalt end in a little point, a kind of nothing.


  _Pes._ How now, my lord!

  _Mal._ O sad disaster!

  _Rod._ How comes this?

  _Bos._ Revenge for the Duchess of Malfi murdered
  By the Arragonian brethren; for Antonio
  Slain by this hand; for lustful Julia
  Poisoned by this man; and lastly for myself,
  That was an actor in the main of all
  Much 'gainst mine own good nature, yet i' the end

  _Pes._ How now, my lord!

  _Card._ Look to my brother:
  He gave us these large wounds, as we were struggling
  Here i' the rushes.[143] And now, I pray, let me
  Be laid by and never thought of. [_Dies._

  _Pes._ How fatally, it seems, he did withstand
  His own rescue!

  _Mal._ Thou wretched thing of blood
  How came Antonio by his death?

  _Bos._ In a mist; I know not how:
  Such a mistake as I have often seen
  In a play. O, I am gone!
  We are only like dead walls or vaulted graves,
  That, ruined, yield no echo. Fare you well.
  It may be pain, but no harm, to me to die
  In so good a quarrel. O, this gloomy world!
  In what a shadow, or deep pit of darkness,
  Doth womanish and fearful mankind live!
  Let worthy minds ne'er stagger in distrust
  To suffer death or shame for what is just:
  Mine is another voyage. [_Dies._

  _Pes._ The noble Delio, as I came to the palace,
  Told me of Antonio's being here, and showed me
  A pretty gentleman, his son and heir.

   _Enter_ DELIO _and_ ANTONIO'S Son.

  _Mal._ O sir, you come too late!

  _Delio._ I heard so, and
  Was armed for't, ere I came. Let us make noble use
  Of this great ruin; and join all our force
  To establish this young hopeful gentleman
  In's mother's right. These wretched eminent things
  Leave no more fame behind 'em, than should one
  Fall in a frost, and leave his print in snow;
  As soon as the sun shines, it ever melts,
  Both form and matter. I have ever thought
  Nature doth nothing so great for great men
  As when she's pleased to make them lords of truth:
  Integrity of life is fame's best friend,
  Which nobly, beyond death, shall crown the end.


  Cyril Tourneur's _Atheist's Tragedy; or, the Honest Man's Revenge_, was
  first printed in 1611, "as in divers places it hath often been acted."
  It was probably written earlier than _The Revenger's Tragedy_.

  It was not printed again until 1792, and was subsequently included in
  Churton Collins's edition of Tourneur's works.



  BELFOREST, a Baron.



  ROUSARD, elder Son of D'AMVILLE.

  SEBASTIAN, younger Son of D'AMVILLE.

  LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE, a Puritan, Chaplain to BELFOREST.

  BORACHIO, D'AMVILLE'S instrument.


  Serjeant in war.

  Soldiers, Servants, Watchmen, Judges, Officers.



  CATAPLASMA, a Maker of Periwigs and Attires.

  SOQUETTE, a seeming Gentlewoman to CATAPLASMA.




  SCENE I._--In the Grounds of_ D'AMVILLE'S _Mansion._

   _Enter_ D'AMVILLE, BORACHIO, _and_ Attendants.

  _D'Am._ I saw my nephew Charlemont but now
  Part from his father. Tell him I desire
  To speak with him. [_Exit_ Servant.
  Borachio, thou art read
  In nature and her large philosophy.
  Observ'st thou not the very self-same course
  Of revolution, both in man and beast?

  _Bor._ The same, for birth, growth, state, decay and death;
  Only a man's beholding to his nature
  For the better composition o' the two.

  _D'Am._ But where that favour of his nature is
  Not full and free, you see a man becomes
  A fool, as little-knowing as a beast.

  _Bor._ That shows there's nothing in a man above
  His nature; if there were, considering 'tis
  His being's excellency, 'twould not yield
  To nature's weakness.

  _D'Am._ Then, if Death casts up
  Our total sum of joy and happiness,
  Let me have all my senses feasted in
  The abundant fulness of delight at once,
  And, with a sweet insensible increase
  Of pleasing surfeit, melt into my dust.

  _Bor._ That revolution is too short, methinks.
  If this life comprehends our happiness,
  How foolish to desire to die so soon!
  And if our time runs home unto the length
  Of nature, how improvident it were
  To spend our substance on a minute's pleasure,
  And after, live an age in misery!

  _D'Am._ So thou conclud'st that pleasure only flows
  Upon the stream of riches?

  _Bor._ Wealth is lord
  Of all felicity.

  _D'Am._ 'Tis, oracle.
  For what's a man that's honest without wealth?

  _Bor._ Both miserable and contemptible.

  _D'Am._ He's worse, Borachio. For if charity
  Be an essential part of honesty,
  And should be practised first upon ourselves,
  Which must be granted, then your honest man
  That's poor, is most dishonest, for he is
  Uncharitable to the man whom he
  Should most respect. But what doth this touch me
  That seem to have enough?--thanks industry.
  'Tis true, had not my body spread itself
  Into posterity, perhaps I should
  Desire no more increase of substance, than
  Would hold proportion with mine own dimensions.
  Yet even in that sufficiency of state,
  A man has reason to provide and add.
  For what is he hath such a present eye,
  And so prepared a strength, that can foresee,
  And fortify his substance and himself
  Against those accidents, the least whereof
  May rob him of an age's husbandry?
  And for my children, they are as near to me
  As branches to the tree whereon they grow;
  And may as numerously be multiplied.
  As they increase, so should my providence;
  For from my substance they receive the sap,
  Whereby they live and flourish.

  _Bor._ Sir, enough.
  I understand the mark whereat you aim.

   _Enter_ CHARLEMONT.

  _D'Am._ Silence, we are interrupted. Charlemont!

  _Charl._ Good morrow, uncle.

  _D'Am._ Noble Charlemont,
  Good morrow. Is not this the honoured day
  You purposed to set forward to the war?

  _Charl._ My inclination did intend it so.

  _D'Am._ And not your resolution?

  _Charl._ Yes, my lord;
  Had not my father contradicted it.

  _D'Am._ O noble war! Thou first original
  Of all man's honour, how dejectedly
  The baser spirit of our present time
  Hath cast itself below the ancient worth
  Of our forefathers, from whose noble deeds
  Ignobly we derive our pedigrees.

  _Charl._ Sir, tax not me for his unwillingness.
  By the command of his authority
  My disposition's forced against itself.

  _D'Am._ Nephew, you are the honour of our blood.
  The troop of gentry, whose inferior worth
  Should second your example, are become
  Your leaders; and the scorn of their discourse
  Turns smiling back upon your backwardness.

  _Charl._ You need not urge my spirit by disgrace,
  'Tis free enough; my father hinders it.
  To curb me, he denies me maintenance
  To put me in the habit of my rank.
  Unbind me from that strong necessity,--
  And call me coward, if I stay behind.

  _D'Am._ For want of means? Borachio, where's the gold?
  I'd disinherit my posterity
  To purchase honour. 'Tis an interest
  I prize above the principal of wealth.
  I'm glad I had the occasion to make known
  How readily my substance shall unlock
  Itself to serve you. Here's a thousand crowns.

  _Charl._ My worthy uncle, in exchange for this
  I leave my bond; so I am doubly bound;
  By that, for the repayment of this gold,
  And by this gold, to satisfy your love.

  _D'Am._ Sir, 'tis a witness only of my love,
  And love doth always satisfy itself.
  Now to your father, labour his consent,
  My importunity shall second yours.
  We will obtain it.

  _Charl._ If entreaty fail,
  The force of reputation shall prevail. [_Exit._

  _D'Am._ Go call my sons, that they may take their leaves
  Of noble Charlemont. Now, my Borachio!

  _Bor._ The substance of our former argument
  Was wealth.

  _D'Am._ The question, how to compass it.

  _Bor._ Young Charlemont is going to the war.

  _D'Am._ O, thou begin'st to take me!

  _Bor._ Mark me then.
  Methinks the pregnant wit of man might make
  The happy absence of this Charlemont
  A subject of commodious providence.
  He has a wealthy father, ready even
  To drop into his grave. And no man's power,
  When Charlemont is gone, can interpose
  'Twixt you and him.

  _D'Am._ Thou hast apprehended both
  My meaning and my love. Now let thy trust,
  For undertaking and for secrecy
  Hold measure with thy amplitude of wit;
  And thy reward shall parallel thy worth.

  _Bor._ My resolution has already bound
  Me to your service.

  _D'Am._ And my heart to thee.

   _Enter_ ROUSARD _and_ SEBASTIAN.

  Here are my sons.--
  There's my eternity. My life in them
  And their succession shall for ever live.
  And in my reason dwells the providence
  To add to life as much of happiness.
  Let all men lose, so I increase my gain,
  I have no feeling of another's pain. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in_ MONTFERRERS' _Mansion._


  _Mont._ I prithee, let this current of my tears
  Divert thy inclination from the war,
  For of my children thou art only left
  To promise a succession to my house.
  And all the honour thou canst get by arms
  Will give but vain addition to thy name;
  Since from thy ancestors thou dost derive
  A dignity sufficient, and as great
  As thou hast substance to maintain and bear.
  I prithee, stay at home.

  _Charl._ My noble father,
  The weakest sigh you breathe hath power to turn
  My strongest purpose, and your softest tear
  To melt my resolution to as soft
  Obedience; but my affection to the war
  Is as hereditary as my blood
  To every life of all my ancestry.
  Your predecessors were your precedents,
  And you are my example. Shall I serve
  For nothing but a vain parenthesis
  I' the honoured story of your family?
  Or hang but like an empty scutcheon
  Between the trophies of my predecessors,
  And the rich arms of my posterity?
  There's not a Frenchman of good blood and youth,
  But either out of spirit or example
  Is turned a soldier. Only Charlemont
  Must be reputed that same heartless thing
  That cowards will be bold to play upon.


  _D'Am._ Good morrow, my lord.

  _Mont._ Morrow, good brother.

  _Charl._ Good morrow, uncle.

  _D'Am._ Morrow, kind nephew.
  What, ha' you washed your eyes wi' tears this morning?
  Come, by my soul, his purpose does deserve
  Your free consent;--your tenderness dissuades him.
  What to the father of a gentleman
  Should be more tender than the maintenance
  And the increase of honour to his house?
  My lord, here are my boys. I should be proud
  That either this were able, or that inclined
  To be my nephew's brave competitor.

  _Mont._ Your importunities have overcome.
  Pray God my forced grant prove not ominous!

  _D'Am._ We have obtained it.--Ominous! in what?
  It cannot be in anything but death.
  And I am of a confident belief
  That even the time, place, manner of our deaths
  Do follow Fate with that necessity
  That makes us sure to die. And in a thing
  Ordained so certainly unalterable,
  What can the use of providence prevail?

   _Enter_ BELFOREST, LEVIDULCIA, CASTABELLA, _and_ Attendants.

  _Bel._ Morrow, my Lord Montferrers, Lord D'Amville.
  Good morrow, gentlemen. Cousin Charlemont,
  Kindly good morrow. Troth, I was afeared
  I should ha' come too late to tell you that
  I wish your undertakings a success
  That may deserve the measure of their worth.

  _Charl._ My lord, my duty would not let me go
  Without receiving your commandëments.

  _Bel._ Accompliments are more for ornament
  Then use. We should employ no time in them
  But what our serious business will admit.

  _Mont._ Your favour had by his duty been prevented
  If we had not withheld him in the way.

  _D'Am._ He was a coming to present his service;
  But now no more. The book invites to breakfast.
  Wilt please your lordship enter?--Noble lady!
  [_Exeunt all except_ CHARLEMONT _and_ CASTABELLA.

  _Charl._ My noble mistress, this accompliment
  Is like an elegant and moving speech,
  Composed of many sweet persuasive points,
  Which second one another, with a fluent
  Increase and confirmation of their force,
  Reserving still the best until the last,
  To crown the strong impulsion of the rest
  With a full conquest of the hearer's sense;
  Because the impression of the last we speak
  Doth always longest and most constantly
  Possess the entertainment of remembrance.
  So all that now salute my taking leave
  Have added numerously to the love
  Wherewith I did receive their courtesy.
  But you, dear mistress, being the last and best
  That speaks my farewell, like the imperious close
  Of a most sweet oration, wholly have
  Possessed my liking, and shall ever live
  Within the soul of my true memory.
  So, mistress, with this kiss I take my leave.

  _Cast._ My worthy servant, you mistake the intent
  Of kissing. 'Twas not meant to separate
  A pair of lovers, but to be the seal
  Of love; importing by the joining of
  Our mutual and incorporated breaths,
  That we should breathe but one contracted life.
  Or stay at home, or let me go with you.

  _Charl._ My Castabella, for myself to stay,
  Or you to go, would either tax my youth
  With a dishonourable weakness, or
  Your loving purpose with immodesty.


  And, for the satisfaction of your love,
  Here comes a man whose knowledge I have made
  A witness to the contract of our vows,
  Which my return, by marriage, shall confirm.

  _Lang._ I salute you both with the spirit of copulation, already
  informed of your matrimonial purposes, and will testimony to the

  _Cast._ O the sad trouble of my fearful soul!
  My faithful servant, did you never hear
  That when a certain great man went to the war,
  The lovely face of Heaven was masqued with sorrow,
  The sighing winds did move the breast of earth,
  The heavy clouds hung down their mourning heads,
  And wept sad showers the day that he went hence
  As if that day presaged some ill success
  That fatally should kill his happiness.
  And so it came to pass. Methinks my eyes
  (Sweet Heaven forbid!) are like those weeping clouds,
  And as their showers presaged, so do my tears.
  Some sad event will follow my sad fears.

  _Charl._ Fie, superstitious! Is it bad to kiss?

  _Cast._ May all my fears hurt me no more than this!

  _Lang._ Fie, fie, fie! these carnal kisses do stir up the
  concupiscences of the flesh.


  _Lev._ O! here's your daughter under her servant's lips.

  _Charl._ Madam, there is no cause you should mistrust
  The kiss I gave; 'twas but a parting one.

  _Lev._ A lusty blood! Now by the lip of love,
  Were I to choose your joining one for me--

  _Bel._ Your father stays to bring you on the way.
  Farewell. The great commander of the war
  Prosper the course you undertake! Farewell.

  _Charl._ My lord, I humbly take my leave.--Madam,
  I kiss your hand.--And your sweet lip.--[_To_ CASTABELLA.] Farewell.
  Her power to speak is perished in her tears.
  Something within me would persuade my stay,
  But reputation will not yield unto't.
  Dear sir, you are the man whose honest trust
  My confidence hath chosen for my friend.
  I fear my absence will discomfort her.
  You have the power and opportunity
  To moderate her passion. Let her grief
  Receive that friendship from you, and your love
  Shall not repent itself of courtesy.

  _Lang._ Sir, I want words and protestation to insinuate into your
  credit; but in plainness and truth, I will qualify her grief with the
  spirit of consolation.

  _Charl._ Sir, I will take your friendship up at use,
  And fear not that your profit shall be small;
  Your interest shall exceed your principal. [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ D'AMVILLE _with_ BORACHIO.

  _D'Am._ Monsieur Languebeau! happily encountered. The honesty of your
  conversation makes me request more interest in your familiarity.

  _Lang._ If your lordship will be pleased to salute me without ceremony,
  I shall be willing to exchange my service for your favour; but this
  worshipping kind of entertainment is a superstitious vanity; in
  plainness and truth, I love it not.

  _D'Am._ I embrace your disposition, and desire to give you as liberal
  assurance of my love as my Lord Belforest, your deserved favourer.

  _Lang._ His lordship is pleased with my plainness and truth of

  _D'Am._ It cannot displease him. In the behaviour of his noble daughter
  Castabella a man may read her worth and your instruction.

  _Lang._ That gentlewoman is most sweetly modest, fair, honest,
  handsome, wise, well-born, and rich.

  _D'Am._ You have given me her picture in small.

  _Lang._ She's like your diamond; a temptation in every man's eye, yet
  not yielding to any light impression herself.

  _D'Am._ The praise is hers, but the comparison your own. [_Gives him
  the ring._

  _Lang._ You shall forgive me that, sir.

  _D'Am._ I will not do so much at your request as forgive you it. I will
  only give you it, sir. By ---- you will make me swear.

  _Lang._ O! by no means. Profane not your lips with the foulness of that
  sin. I will rather take it. To save your oath, you shall lose your
  ring.--Verily, my lord, my praise came short of her worth. She exceeds
  a jewel. This is but only for ornament: she both for ornament and use.

  _D'Am._ Yet unprofitably kept without use. She deserves a worthy
  husband, sir. I have often wished a match between my elder son and her.
  The marriage would join the houses of Belforest and D'Amville into a
  noble alliance.

  _Lang._ And the unity of families is a work of love and charity.

  _D'Am._ And that work an employment well becoming the goodness of your

  _Lang._ If your lordship please to impose it upon me I will carry it
  without any second end; the surest way to satisfy your wish.

  _D'Am._ Most joyfully accepted. Rousard! Here are letters to my Lord
  Belforest, touching my desire to that purpose.

   _Enter_ ROUSARD, _looking sickly_.

  Rousard, I send you a suitor to Castabella. To this gentleman's
  discretion I commit the managing of your suit. His good success shall
  be most thankful to your trust. Follow his instructions; he will be
  your leader.

  _Lang._ In plainness and truth.

  _Rous._ My leader! Does your lordship think me too weak to give the
  onset myself?

  _Lang._ I will only assist your proceedings.

  _Rous._ To say true, so I think you had need; for a sick man can hardly
  get a woman's good will without help.

  _Lang._ Charlemont, thy gratuity and my promises were both
  But words, and both, like words, shall vanish into air.
  For thy poor empty hand I must be mute;
  This gives me feeling of a better suit.
  [_Exeunt_ LANGUEBEAU _and_ ROUSARD.

  _D'Am._ Borachio, didst precisely note this man?

  _Bor._ His own profession would report him pure.

  _D'Am._ And seems to know if any benefit
  Arises of religion after death.
  Yet but compare's profession with his life;--
  They so directly contradict themselves,
  As if the end of his instructions were
  But to divert the world from sin, that he
  More easily might ingross it to himself.
  By that I am confirmed an atheist.
  Well! Charlemont is gone; and here thou seest
  His absence the foundation of my plot.

  _Bor._ He is the man whom Castabella loves.

  _D'Am._ That was the reason I propounded him
  Employment, fixed upon a foreign place,
  To draw his inclination out o' the way.

  _Bor._ It has left the passage of our practice free.

  _D'Am._ This Castabella is a wealthy heir;
  And by her marriage with my elder son
  My house is honoured and my state increased.
  This work alone deserves my industry;
  But if it prosper, thou shalt see my brain
  Make this but an induction to a point
  So full of profitable policy,
  That it would make the soul of honesty
  Ambitious to turn villain.

  _Bor._ I bespeak
  Employment in't. I'll be an instrument
  To grace performance with dexterity.

  _D'Am._ Thou shalt. No man shall rob thee of the honour.
  Go presently and buy a crimson scarf
  Like Charlemont's: prepare thee a disguise
  I' the habit of a soldier, hurt and lame;
  And then be ready at the wedding feast,
  Where thou shalt have employment in a work
  Will please thy disposition.

  _Bor._ As I vowed,
  Your instrument shall make your project proud.

  _D'Am._ This marriage will bring wealth. If that succeed,
  I will increase it though my brother bleed.

  SCENE III.--_An Apartment in_ BELFOREST'S _Mansion_.

   _Enter_ CASTABELLA _avoiding the importunity of_ ROUSARD.

  _Cast._ Nay, good sir; in troth, if you knew how little it pleases me,
  you would forbear it.

  _Rous._ I will not leave thee till thou'st entertained me for thy

  _Cast._ My servant! You are sick you say. You would tax me of
  indiscretion to entertain one that is not able to do me service.

  _Rous._ The service of a gentlewoman consists most in chamber work, and
  sick men are fittest for the chamber. I prithee give me a favour.

  _Cast._ Methinks you have a very sweet favour of your own.

  _Rous._ I lack but your black eye.

  _Cast._ If you go to buffets among the boys, they'll give you one.

  _Rous._ Nay, if you grow bitter I'll dispraise your black eye.
  The gray-eyed morning makes the fairest day.

  _Cast._ Now that you dissemble not, I could be willing to give you a
  favour. What favour would you have?

  _Rous._ Any toy, any light thing.

  _Cast._ Fie! Will you be so uncivil to ask a light thing at a
  gentlewoman's hand?

  _Rous._ Wilt give me a bracelet o' thy hair then?

  _Cast._ Do you want hair, sir.

  _Rous._ No, faith, I'll want no hair, so long as I can have it for

  _Cast._ What would you do with my hair then?

  _Rous._ Wear it for thy sake, sweetheart.

  _Cast._ Do you think I love to have my hair worn off?

  _Rous._ Come, you are so witty now and so sensible. [_Kisses her._

  _Cast._ Tush, I would I wanted one o' my senses now!

  _Rous._ Bitter again? What's that? Smelling?

  _Cast._ No, no, no. Why now y'are satisfied, I hope. I have given you a

  _Rous._ What favour? A kiss? I prithee give me another.

  _Cast._ Show me that I gave it you then.

  _Rous._ How should I show it?

  _Cast._ You are unworthy of a favour if you will not bestow the keeping
  of it one minute.

  _Rous._ Well, in plain terms, dost love me? That's the purpose of my

  _Cast._ Love you? Yes, very well.

  _Rous._ Give me thy hand upon't.

  _Cast._ Nay, you mistake me. If I love you very well I must not love
  you now. For now y'are not very well, y'are sick.

  _Rous._ This equivocation is for the jest now.

  _Cast._ I speak't as 'tis now in fashion, in earnest. But I shall not
  be in quiet for you, I perceive, till I have given you a favour. Do you
  love me?

  _Rous._ With all my heart.

  _Cast._ Then with all my heart I'll give you a jewel to hang in your
  ear.--Hark ye--I can never love you. [_Exit._

  _Rous._ Call you this a jewel to hang in mine ear? 'Tis no light
  favour, for I'll be sworn it comes somewhat heavily to me. Well, I
  will not leave her for all this. Methinks it animates a man to stand
  to't, when a woman desires to be rid of him at the first sight. [_Exit._

  SCENE IV.--_Another Apartment in the same._


  _Bel._ I entertain the offer of this match
  With purpose to confirm it presently.
  I have already moved it to my daughter.
  Her soft excuses savoured at the first,
  Methought, but of a modest innocence
  Of blood, whose unmoved stream was never drawn
  Into the current of affection. But when I
  Replied with more familiar arguments,
  Thinking to make her apprehension bold,--
  Her modest blush fell to a pale dislike;
  And she refused it with such confidence,
  As if she had been prompted by a love
  Inclining firmly to some other man;
  And in that obstinacy she remains.

  _Lang._ Verily, that disobedience doth not become a child. It
  proceedeth from an unsanctified liberty. You will be accessory to your
  own dishonour if you suffer it.

  _Bel._ Your honest wisdom has advised me well.
  Once more I'll move her by persuasive means.
  If she resist, all mildness set apart,
  I will make use of my authority.

  _Lang._ And instantly, lest fearing your constraint
  Her contrary affection teach her some
  Device that may prevent you.

  _Bel._ To cut off every opportunity
  Procrastination may assist her with
  This instant night she shall be married.

  _Lang._ Best.

   _Enter_ CASTABELLA.

  _Cast._ Please it your lordship, my mother attends
  I' the gallery, and desires your conference.
  [_Exit_ BELFOREST.
  This means I used to bring me to your ear.
  Time cuts off circumstance; I must be brief,
  To your integrity did Charlemont
  Commit the contract of his love and mine;
  Which now so strong a hand seeks to divide,
  That if your grave advice assist me not,
  I shall be forced to violate my faith.

  _Lang._ Since Charlemont's absence I have weighed his love with the
  spirit of consideration; and in sincerity I find it to be frivolous and
  vain. Withdraw your respect; his affection deserveth it not.

  _Cast._ Good sir, I know your heart cannot profane
  The holiness you make profession of
  With such a vicious purpose as to break
  The vow your own consent did help to make.

  _Lang._ Can he deserve your love who in neglect
  Of your delightful conversation and
  In obstinate contempt of all your prayers
  And tears, absents himself so far from your
  Sweet fellowship, and with a purpose so
  Contracted to that absence that you see
  He purchases your separation with
  The hazard of his blood and life, fearing to want
  Pretence to part your companies.--
  'Tis rather hate that doth division move.
  Love still desires the presence of his love.--
  Verily he is not of the family of love.

  _Cast._ O do not wrong him! 'Tis a generous mind
  That led his disposition to the war:
  For gentle love and noble courage are
  So near allied, that one begets another;
  Or Love is sister and Courage is the brother.
  Could I affect him better then before,
  His soldier's heart would make me love him more.

  _Lang._ But, Castabella--

   _Enter_ LEVIDULCIA.

  _Lev._ Tush, you mistake the way into a woman.
  The passage lies not through her reason but her blood.
  [_Exit_ LANGUEBEAU. CASTABELLA _about to follow._
  Nay, stay! How wouldst thou call the child,
  That being raised with cost and tenderness
  To full hability of body and means,
  Denies relief unto the parents who
  Bestowed that bringing up?

  _Cast._ Unnatural.

  _Lev._ Then Castabella is unnatural.
  Nature, the loving mother of us all,
  Brought forth a woman for her own relief
  By generation to revive her age;
  Which, now thou hast hability and means
  Presented, most unkindly dost deny.

  _Cast._ Believe me, mother, I do love a man.

  _Lev._ Preferr'st the affection of an absent love
  Before the sweet possession of a man;
  The barren mind before the fruitful body,
  Where our creation has no reference
  To man but in his body, being made
  Only for generation; which (unless
  Our children can be gotten by conceit)
  Must from the body come? If Reason were
  Our counsellor, we would neglect the work
  Of generation for the prodigal
  Expense it draws us to of that which is
  The wealth of life. Wise Nature, therefore, hath
  Reserved for an inducement to our sense
  Our greatest pleasure in that greatest work;
  Which being offered thee, thy ignorance
  Refuses, for the imaginary joy
  Of an unsatisfied affection to
  An absent man whose blood once spent i' the war
  Then he'll come home sick, lame, and impotent,
  And wed thee to a torment, like the pain
  Of Tantalus, continuing thy desire
  With fruitless presentation of the thing
  It loves, still moved, and still unsatisfied.


  _Bel._ Now, Levidulcia, hast thou yet prepared
  My daughter's love to entertain this man
  Her husband, here?

  _Lev._ I'm but her mother i' law;
  Yet if she were my very flesh and blood
  I could advise no better for her[144] good.

  _Rous._ Sweet wife,
  Thy joyful husband thus salutes thy cheek.

  _Cast._ My husband? O! I am betrayed.--
  Dear friend of Charlemont, your purity
  Professes a divine contempt o' the world;
  O be not bribed by that you so neglect,
  In being the world's hated instrument,
  To bring a just neglect upon yourself!
  [_Kneels from one to another._
  Dear father, let me but examine my
  Affection.--Sir, your prudent judgment can
  Persuade your son that 'tis improvident
  To marry one whose disposition he
  Did ne'er observe.--Good sir, I may be of
  A nature so unpleasing to your mind,
  Perhaps you'll curse the fatal hour wherein
  You rashly married me.

  _D'Am._ My Lord Belforest,
  I would not have her forced against her choice.

  _Bel._ Passion o' me, thou peevish girl! I charge
  Thee by my blessing, and the authority
  I have to claim thy obedience, marry him.

  _Cast._ Now, Charlemont! O my presaging tears!
  This sad event hath followed my sad fears.

  _Sebas._ A rape, a rape, a rape!

  _Bel._ How now!

  _D'Am._ What's that?

  _Sebas._ Why what is't but a rape to force a wench
  To marry, since it forces her to lie
  With him she would not?

  _Lang._ Verily his tongue is an unsanctified member.

  _Sebas._ Verily
  Your gravity becomes your perished soul
  As hoary mouldiness does rotten fruit.

  _Bel._ Cousin, y'are both uncivil and profane.

  _D'Am._ Thou disobedient villain, get thee out of my sight.
  Now, by my soul, I'll plague thee for this rudeness.

  _Bel._ Come, set forward to the church.
  [_Exeunt all except_ SEBASTIAN.

  _Sebas._ And verify the proverb--The nearer the church the further
  from God.--Poor wench! For thy sake may his hability die in his
  appetite, that thou beest not troubled with him thou lovest not! May
  his appetite move thy desire to another man, so he shall help to make
  himself cuckold! And let that man be one that he pays wages to; so
  thou shalt profit by him thou hatest. Let the chambers be matted, the
  hinges oiled, the curtain rings silenced, and the chambermaid hold her
  peace at his own request, that he may sleep the quieter; and in that
  sleep let him be soundly cuckolded. And when he knows it, and seeks to
  sue a divorce, let him have no other satisfaction than this: He lay by
  and slept: the law will take no hold of her because he winked at it.


  SCENE I.--_The Banqueting Room in_ BELFOREST'S _Mansion_.

   _Night time. A Banquet set out. Music._

   LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE, _at one side. At the other side enter_ CATAPLASMA
   _and_ SOQUETTE, _ushered by_ FRESCO.

  _Lev._ Mistress Cataplasma, I expected you an hour since.

  _Cata._ Certain ladies at my house, madam, detained me; otherwise I had
  attended your ladyship sooner.

  _Lev._ We are beholden to you for your company. My lord, I pray you bid
  these gentlewomen welcome; they're my invited friends.

  _D'Am._ Gentlewomen, y'are welcome. Pray sit down.

  _Lev._ Fresco, by my Lord D'Amville's leave, I prithee go into the
  buttery. Thou shalt find some o' my men there. If they bid thee not
  welcome they are very loggerheads.

  _Fres._ If your loggerheads will not, your hogsheads shall, madam, if I
  get into the buttery. [_Exit._

  _D'Am._ That fellow's disposition to mirth should be our present
  example. Let's be grave, and meditate when our affairs require our
  seriousness. 'Tis out of season to be heavily disposed.

  _Lev._ We should be all wound up into the key of mirth.

  _D'Am._ The music there!

  _Bel._ Where's my Lord Montferrers? Tell him here's a room attends him.


  _Mont._ Heaven given your marriage that I am deprived of, joy!

  _D'Am._ My Lord Belforest, Castabella's health!
  [D'AMVILLE _drinks._
  Set ope the cellar doors, and let this health
  Go freely round the house.--Another to
  Your son, my lord; to noble Charlemont--
  He is a soldier--Let the instruments
  Of war congratulate his memory.
  [_Drums and trumpets._

   _Enter a_ Servant.

  _Ser._ My lord, here's one, i' the habit of a soldier, says he is newly
  returned from Ostend, and has some business of import to speak.

  _D'Am._ Ostend! let him come in. My soul foretells
  He brings the news will make our music full.
  My brother's joy would do't, and here comes he
  Will raise it.

   _Enter_ BORACHIO _disguised._

  _Mont._ O my spirit, it does dissuade
  My tongue to question him, as if it knew
  His answer would displease.

  _D'Am._ Soldier, what news?
  We heard a rumour of a blow you gave
  The enemy.[145]

  _Bor._ 'Tis very true, my lord.

  _Bel._ Canst thou relate it?

  _Bor._ Yes.

  _D'Am._ I prithee do.

  _Bor._ The enemy, defeated of a fair
  Advantage by a flatt'ring stratagem,
  Plants all the artillery against the town;
  Whose thunder and lightning made our bulwarks shake,
  And threatened in that terrible report
  The storm wherewith they meant to second it.
  The assault was general. But, for the place
  That promised most advantage to be forced,
  The pride of all their army was drawn forth
  And equally divided into front
  And rear. They marched, and coming to a stand,
  Ready to pass our channel at an ebb,
  We advised it for our safest course, to draw
  Our sluices up and mak't impassable.
  Our governor opposed and suffered them
  To charge us home e'en to the rampier's foot.
  But when their front was forcing up our breach
  At push o' pike, then did his policy
  Let go the sluices, and tripped up the heels
  Of the whole body of their troop that stood
  Within the violent current of the stream.
  Their front, beleaguered 'twixt the water and
  The town, seeing the flood was grown too deep
  To promise them a safe retreat, exposed
  The force of all their spirits (like the last
  Expiring gasp of a strong-hearted man)
  Upon the hazard of one charge, but were
  Oppressed, and fell. The rest that could not swim
  Were only drowned; but those that thought to 'scape
  By swimming, were by murderers that flanked
  The level of the flood, both drowned and slain.

  _D'Am._ Now, by my soul, soldier, a brave service.

  _Mont._ O what became of my dear Charlemont?

  _Bor._ Walking next day upon the fatal shore,
  Among the slaughtered bodies of their men
  Which the full-stomached sea had cast upon
  The sands, it was my unhappy chance to light
  Upon a face, whose favour[146] when it lived,
  My astonished mind informed me I had seen.
  He lay in's armour, as if that had been
  His coffin; and the weeping sea, like one
  Whose milder temper doth lament the death
  Of him whom in his rage he slew, runs up
  The shore, embraces him, kisses his cheek,
  Goes back again, and forces up the sands
  To bury him, and every time it parts
  Sheds tears upon him, till at last (as if
  It could no longer endure to see the man
  Whom it had slain, yet loth to leave him) with
  A kind of unresolved unwilling pace,
  Winding her waves one in another, like
  A man that folds his arms or wrings his hands
  For grief, ebbed from the body, and descends
  As if it would sink down into the earth,
  And hide itself for shame of such a deed.[147]

  _D'Am._ And, soldier, who was this?

  _Mont._ O Charlemont!

  _Bor._ Your fear hath told you that, whereof my grief
  Was loth to be the messenger.

  _Cast._ O God! [_Exit._

  _D'Am._ Charlemont drowned! Why how could that be, since
  It was the adverse party that received
  The overthrow?

  _Bor._ His forward spirit pressed into the front,
  And being engaged within the enemy
  When they retreated through the rising stream,
  I' the violent confusion of the throng
  Was overborne, and perished in the flood.
  And here's the sad remembrance of his life--the scarf,
  Which, for his sake, I will for ever wear.

  _Mont._ Torment me not with witnesses of that
  Which I desire not to believe, yet must.

  _D'Am._ Thou art a screech-owl and dost come i' the night
  To be the cursèd messenger of death.
  Away! depart my house, or, by my soul,
  You'll find me a more fatal enemy
  Than ever was Ostend. Begone; dispatch!

  _Bor._ Sir, 'twas my love.

  _D'Am._ Your love to vex my heart
  With that I hate?
  Hark, do you hear, you knave?
  O thou'rt a most delicate, sweet, eloquent villain!

  _Bor._ Was't not well counterfeited? [_Aside._

  _D'Am._ Rarely.--[_Aside._] Begone. I will not here reply.

  _Bor._ Why then, farewell. I will not trouble you.

  _D'Am._ So. The foundation's laid. Now by degrees
  The work will rise and soon be perfected.
  O this uncertain state of mortal man!

  _Bel._ What then? It is the inevitable fate
  Of all things underneath the moon.

  _D'Am._ 'Tis true.
  Brother, for health's sake overcome your grief.

  _Mont._ I cannot, sir. I am incapable
  Of comfort. My turn will be next. I feel
  Myself not well.

  _D'Am._ You yield too much to grief.

  _Lang._ All men are mortal. The hour of death is uncertain. Age makes
  sickness the more dangerous, and grief is subject to distraction. You
  know not how soon you may be deprived of the benefit of sense. In my
  understanding, therefore,
  You shall do well if you be sick to set
  Your state in present order. Make your will.

  _D'Am._ I have my wish. Lights for my brother.

  _Mont._ I'll withdraw a while,
  And crave the honest counsel of this man.

  _Bel._ With all my heart. I pray attend him, sir.
  [_Exeunt_ MONTFERRERS _and_ SNUFFE.
  This next room, please your lordship.

  _D'Am._ Where you will.
  [_Exeunt_ BELFOREST _and_ D'AMVILLE.

  _Lev._ My daughter's gone. Come, son, Mistress Cataplasma, come, we'll
  up into her chamber. I'd fain see how she entertains the expectation of
  her husband's bedfellowship.

  _Rou._ 'Faith, howsoever she entertains it, I
  Shall hardly please her; therefore let her rest.

  _Lev._ Nay, please her hardly, and you please her best.

  SCENE II.--_The Hall in the same._

   _Enter three_ Servants, _drunk, drawing in_ FRESCO.

  _1st Ser._ Boy! fill some drink, boy.

  _Fres._ Enough, good sir; not a drop more by this light.

  _2nd Ser._ Not by this light? Why then put out the candles and we'll
  drink i' the dark, and t'-to't, old boy.

  _Fres._ No, no, no, no, no.

  _3rd Ser._ Why then take thy liquor. A health, Fresco! [_Kneels._

  _Fres._ Your health will make me sick, sir.

  _1st Ser._ Then 'twill bring you o' your knees, I hope, sir.

  _Fres._ May I not stand and pledge it, sir?

  _2nd Ser._ I hope you will do as we do.

  _Fres._ Nay then, indeed I must not stand, for you cannot.

  _3rd Ser._ Well said, old boy.

  _Fres._ Old boy! you'll make me a young child anon; for if I continue
  this I shall scarce be able to go alone.

  _1st Ser._ My body is as weak as water, Fresco.

  _Fres._ Good reason, sir. The beer has sent all the malt up into your
  brain and left nothing but the water in your body.

   _Enter_ D'AMVILLE _and_ BORACHIO, _closely observing their

  _D'Am._ Borachio, seest those fellows?

  _Bor._ Yes, my lord.

  _D'Am._ Their drunkenness, that seems ridiculous,
  Shall be a serious instrument to bring
  Our sober purposes to their success.

  _Bor._ I am prepared for the execution, sir.

  _D'Am._ Cast off this habit and about it straight.

  _Bor._ Let them drink healths and drown their brains i' the flood;
  I promise them they shall be pledged in blood.

  _1st Ser._ You ha' left a damnable snuff here.

  _2nd Ser._ Do you take that in snuff, sir?

  _1st Ser._ You are a damnable rogue then--
  [_Together by the ears._

  _D'Am._ Fortune, I honour thee. My plot still rises
  According to the model of mine own desires.
  Lights for my brother--What ha' you drunk yourselves mad, you knaves?

  _1st Ser._ My lord, the jacks abused me.

  _D'Am._ I think they are the jacks[148] indeed that have abused thee.
  Dost hear? That fellow is a proud knave. He has abused thee. As thou
  goest over the fields by-and-by in lighting my brother home, I'll tell
  thee what shalt do. Knock him over the pate with thy torch. I'll bear
  thee out in't.

  _1st Ser._ I will singe the goose by this torch. [_Exit._

  _D'Am._ [_To 2nd Servant._] Dost hear, fellow?
  Seest thou that proud knave.
  I have given him a lesson for his sauciness.
  He's wronged thee. I will tell thee what shalt do:
  As we go over the fields by-and-by
  Clap him suddenly o'er the coxcomb with
  Thy torch. I'll bear thee out in't.

  _2nd Ser._ I will make him understand as much. [_Exit._


  _D'Am._ Now, Monsieur Snuffe, what has my brother done?

  _Lang._ Made his will, and by that will made you his heir with this
  proviso, that as occasion shall hereafter move him, he may revoke, or
  alter it when he pleases.

  _D'Am._ Yes. Let him if he can.--I'll make it sure
  From his revoking. [_Aside._

   _Enter_ MONTFERRERS _and_ BELFOREST _attended with lights._

  _Mont._ Brother, now good night.

  _D'Am._ The sky is dark; we'll bring you o'er the fields.
  Who can but strike, wants wisdom to maintain;
  He that strikes safe and sure, has heart and brain.

  SCENE III.--_An Apartment in the same._

   _Enter_ CASTABELLA.

  _Cas._ O love, thou chaste affection of the soul,
  Without the adulterate mixture of the blood,
  That virtue, which to goodness addeth good,--
  The minion of Heaven's heart. Heaven! is't my fate
  For loving that thou lov'st, to get thy hate,
  Or was my Charlemont thy chosen love,
  And therefore hast received him to thyself?
  Then I confess thy anger's not unjust.
  I was thy rival. Yet to be divorced
  From love, has been a punishment enough
  (Sweet Heaven!) without being married unto hate,
  Hadst thou been pleased,--O double misery,--
  Yet, since thy pleasure hath inflicted it,
  If not my heart, my duty shall submit.

   a lanthorn._

  _Lev._ Mistress Cataplasma, good night. I pray when your man has
  brought you home, let him return and light me to my house.

  _Cata._ He shall instantly wait upon your ladyship.

  _Lev._ Good Mistress Cataplasma! for my servants are all drunk, I
  cannot be beholden to 'em for their attendance.
  O here's your bride!

  _Rous._ And melancholic too, methinks.

  _Lev._ How can she choose? Your sickness will
  Distaste the expected sweetness o' the night
  That makes her heavy.

  _Rous._ That should make her light.

  _Lev._ Look you to that.

  _Cast._ What sweetness speak you of?
  The sweetness of the night consists in rest.

  _Rous._ With that sweetness thou shalt be surely blest
  Unless my groaning wake thee. Do not moan.

  _Lev._ She'd rather you would wake, and make her groan.

  _Rous._ Nay 'troth, sweetheart, I will not trouble thee.
  Thou shalt not lose thy maidenhead to-night.

  _Cast._ O might that weakness ever be in force,
  I never would desire to sue divorce.

  _Rous._ Wilt go to bed?

  _Cast._ I will attend you, sir.

  _Rous._ Mother, good night.

  _Lev._ Pleasure be your bedfellow.
  [_Exeunt_ ROUSARD _and_ CASTABELLA.
  Why sure their generation was asleep
  When she begot those dormice, that she made
  Them up so weakly and imperfectly.
  One wants desire, the t'other ability,
  When my affection even with their cold bloods
  (As snow rubbed through an active hand does make
  The flesh to burn) by agitation is
  Inflamed, I could embrace and entertain
  The air to cool it.

   _Enter_ SEBASTIAN.

  _Sebas._ That but mitigates
  The heat; rather embrace and entertain
  A younger brother; he can quench the fire.

  _Lev._ Can you so, sir? Now I beshrew your ear.
  Why, bold Sebastian, how dare you approach
  So near the presence of your displeased father?

  _Sebas._ Under the protection of his present absence.

  _Lev._ Belike you knew he was abroad then?

  _Sebas._ Yes.
  Let me encounter you so: I'll persuade
  Your means to reconcile me to his loves.

  _Lev._ Is that the way? I understand you not.
  But for your reconcilement meet me at home;
  I'll satisfy your suit.

  _Sebas._ Within this half-hour? [_Exit._

  _Lev._ Or within this whole hour. When you will.--A lusty blood! has
  both the presence and spirit of a man. I like the freedom of his

  --Ho!--Sebastian! Gone?--Has set
  My blood o' boiling i' my veins. And now,
  Like water poured upon the ground that mixes
  Itself with every moisture it meets, I could
  Clasp with any man.

   _Enter_ FRESCO _with a lanthorn._

  O, Fresco, art thou come?
  If t'other fail, then thou art entertained.
  Lust is a spirit, which whosoe'er doth raise,
  The next man that encounters boldly, lays. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE IV.--_A Country Road near a Gravel Pit. Night time._

   _Enter_ BORACHIO _warily and hastily over the Stage with a stone in
   either hand._

  _Bor._ Such stones men use to raise a house upon,
  But with these stones I go to ruin one. [_Descends._

   _Enter two_ Servants _drunk, fighting with their torches;_ D'AMVILLE,

  _Bel._ Passion o' me, you drunken knaves! You'll put
  The lights out.

  _D'Am._ No, my lord; they are but in jest.

  _1st Ser._ Mine's out.

  _D'Am._ Then light it at his head,--that's light enough.--
  'Fore God, they are out. You drunken rascals, back
  And light 'em.

  _Bel._ 'Tis exceeding dark. [_Exeunt_ Servants.

  _D'Am._ No matter;
  I am acquainted with the way. Your hand.
  Let's easily walk. I'll lead you till they come.

  _Mont._ My soul's oppressed with grief. 'T lies heavy at
  My heart. O my departed son, ere long
  I shall be with thee!
  [D'AMVILLE _thrusts him down into the gravel pit._

  _D'Am._ Marry, God forbid!

  _Mont._ O, O, O!

  _D'Am._ Now all the host of Heaven forbid! Knaves! Rogues!

  _Bel._ Pray God he be not hurt. He's fallen into the gravel pit.

  _D'Am._ Brother! dear brother! Rascals! villains! Knaves!

   _Re-enter_ Servants _with lights._

  Eternal darkness damn you! come away!
  Go round about into the gravel pit,
  And help my brother up. Why what a strange
  Unlucky night is this! Is't not, my lord?
  I think that dog that howled the news of grief,
  That fatal screech-owl, ushered on this mischief.

   [_Exit_ Servants _and Re-enter with the murdered body._

  _Lang._ Mischief indeed, my lord. Your brother's dead!

  _Bel._ He's dead?

  _Ser._ He's dead!

  _D'Am._ Dead be your tongues! Drop out
  Mine eye-balls and let envious Fortune play
  At tennis with 'em. Have I lived to this?
  Malicious Nature, hadst thou borne me blind,
  Thou hadst yet been something favourable to me.
  No breath? no motion? Prithee tell me, Heaven,
  Hast shut thine eye to wink at murder; or
  Hast put this sable garment on to mourn
  At's death?
  Not one poor spark in the whole spacious sky
  Of all that endless number would vouchsafe
  To shine?--You viceroys to the king of Nature,
  Whose constellations govern mortal births,
  Where is that fatal planet ruled at his
  Nativity? that might ha' pleased to light him out,
  As well as into the world, unless it be
  Ashamèd I have been the instrument
  Of such a good man's cursèd destiny.--

  _Bel._ Passion transports you. Recollect yourself.
  Lament him not. Whether our deaths be good
  Or bad, it is not death, but life that tries.
  He lived well; therefore, questionless, well dies.

  _D'Am._ Ay, 'tis an easy thing for him that has
  No pain, to talk of patience. Do you think
  That Nature has no feeling?

  _Bel._ Feeling? Yes.
  But has she purposed anything for nothing?
  What good receives this body by your grief?
  Whether is't more unnatural, not to grieve
  For him you cannot help with it, or hurt
  Yourself with grieving, and yet grieve in vain?

  _D'Am._ Indeed, had he been taken from me like
  A piece o' dead flesh, I should neither ha' felt it
  Nor grieved for't. But come hither, pray look here.
  Behold the lively tincture of his blood!
  Neither the dropsy nor the jaundice in't,
  But the true freshness of a sanguine red,
  For all the fog of this black murderous night
  Has mixed with it. For anything I know
  He might ha' lived till doomsday, and ha' done
  More good than either you or I. O brother!
  He was a man of such a native goodness,
  As if regeneration had been given
  Him in his mother's womb. So harmless
  That rather than ha' trod upon a worm
  He would ha' shunned the way.
  So dearly pitiful that ere the poor
  Could ask his charity with dry eyes he gave 'em
  Relief with tears--with tears--yes, faith, with tears.

  _Bel._ Take up the corpse. For wisdom's sake let reason fortify this weakness.

  _D'Am._ Why, what would you ha' me do? Foolish Nature
  Will have her course in spite o' wisdom. But
  I have e'en done. All these words were
  But a great wind; and now this shower of tears
  Has laid it, I am calm again. You may
  Set forward when you will. I'll follow you
  Like one that must and would not.

  _Lang._ Our opposition will but trouble him.

  _Bel._ The grief that melts to tears by itself is spent;
  Passion resisted grows more violent.
  [_Exeunt all except_ D'AMVILLE. BORACHIO _ascends._

  _D'Am._ Here's a sweet comedy. 'T begins with _O Dolentis_[149] and concludes
  with ha, ha, he!

  _Bor._ Ha, ha, he!

  _D'Am._ O my echo! I could stand
  Reverberating this sweet musical air
  Of joy till I had perished my sound lungs
  With violent laughter. Lonely night-raven,
  Thou hast seized a carcase.

  _Bor._ Put him out on's pain.
  I lay so fitly underneath the bank,
  From whence he fell, that ere his faltering tongue
  Could utter double O, I knocked out's brains
  With this fair ruby, and had another stone,
  Just of this form and bigness, ready; that
  I laid i' the broken skull upon the ground
  For's pillow, against the which they thought he fell
  And perished.

  _D'Am._ Upon this ground I'll build my manor house;
  And this shall be the chiefest corner stone.

  _Bor._ 'T has crowned the most judicious murder that
  The brain of man was e'er delivered of.

  _D'Am._ Ay, mark the plot. Not any circumstance
  That stood within the reach of the design
  Of persons, dispositions, matter, time, or place
  But by this brain of mine was made
  An instrumental help; yet nothing from
  The induction to the accomplishment seemed forced,
  Or done o' purpose, but by accident.

  _Bor._ First, my report that Charlemont was dead,
  Though false, yet covered with a mask of truth.

  _D'Am._ Ay, and delivered in as fit a time
  When all our minds so wholly were possessed
  With one affair, that no man would suspect
  A thought employed for any second end.

  _Bor._ Then the precisian[150] to be ready, when
  Your brother spake of death, to move his will.

  _D'Am._ His business called him thither, and it fell
  Within his office unrequested to't.
  From him it came religiously, and saved
  Our project from suspicion which if I
  Had moved, had been endangered.

  _Bor._ Then your healths,
  Though seeming but the ordinary rites
  And ceremonies due to festivals--

  _D'Am._ Yet used by me to make the servants drunk,
  An instrument the plot could not have missed.
  'Twas easy to set drunkards by the ears,
  They'd nothing but their torches to fight with,
  And when those lights were out--

  _Bor._ Then darkness did
  Protect the execution of the work
  Both from prevention and discovery.

  _D'Am._ Here was a murder bravely carried through
  The eye of observation, unobserved.

  _Bor._ And those that saw the passage of it made
  The instruments, yet knew not what they did.

  _D'Am._ That power of rule philosophers ascribe
  To him they call the Supreme of the stars
  Making their influences governors
  Of sublunary creatures, when themselves
  Are senseless of their operations.
  What! [_Thunder and lightning._
  Dost start at thunder? Credit my belief
  'Tis a mere effect of Nature--an exhalation hot
  And dry involved within a watery vapour
  I' the middle region of the air; whose coldness,
  Congealing that thick moisture to a cloud,
  The angry exhalation, shut within
  A prison of contrary quality,
  Strives to be free and with the violent
  Eruption through the grossness of that cloud,
  Makes this noise we hear.

  _Bor._ 'Tis a fearful noise.

  _D'Am._ 'Tis a brave noise, and methinks
  Graces our accomplished project as
  A peal of ordnance does a triumph. It speaks
  Encouragement. Now Nature shows thee how
  It favoured our performance, to forbear
  This noise when we set forth, because it should
  Not terrify my brother's going home,
  Which would have dashed our purpose,--to forbear
  This lightning in our passage lest it should
  Ha' warned him o' the pitfall.
  Then propitious Nature winked
  At our proceedings: now it doth express
  How that forbearance favoured our success.

  _Bor._ You have confirmed me. For it follows well
  That Nature, since herself decay doth hate,
  Should favour those that strengthen their estate.

  _D'Am._ Our next endeavour is, since on the false
  Report that Charlemont is dead depends
  The fabric of the work, to credit that
  With all the countenance we can.

  _Bor._ Faith, sir,
  Even let his own inheritance, whereof
  You have dispossessed him, countenance the act.
  Spare so much out of that to give him a
  Solemnity of funeral. 'Twill quit
  The cost, and make your apprehension of
  His death appear more confident and true.

  _D'Am._ I'll take thy counsel. Now farewell, black Night;
  Thou beauteous mistress of a murderer.
  To honour thee that hast accomplished all
  I'll wear thy colours at his funeral. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE V.--LEVIDULCIA'S _Apartment._

   _Enter_ LEVIDULCIA _manned_[151] _by_ FRESCO.

  _Lev._ Thou art welcome into my chamber, Fresco.
  Prithee shut the door.--Nay; thou mistakest me.
  Come in and shut it.

  _Free._ 'Tis somewhat late, madam.

  _Lev._ No matter. I have somewhat to say to thee.
  What, is not thy mistress towards a husband yet?

  _Fres._ Faith, madam, she has suitors, but they will not suit her,
  methinks. They will not come off lustily, it seems.

  _Lev._ They will not come on lustily, thou wouldst say.

  _Fres._ I mean, madam they are not rich enough.

  _Lev._ But ay, Fresco, they are not bold enough. Thy mistress is of a
  lively attractive blood, Fresco, and in truth she is of my mind for
  that. A poor spirit is poorer than a poor purse. Give me a fellow that
  brings not only temptation with him, but has the activity of wit and
  audacity of spirit to apply every word and gesture of a woman's speech
  and behaviour to his own desire, and make her believe she's the suitor
  herself; never give back till he has made her yield to it.

  _Fres._ Indeed among our equals, madam; but otherwise we shall be put
  horribly out o' countenance.

  _Lev._ Thou art deceived, Fresco. Ladies are as courteous as
  yeomen's wives, and methinks they should be more gentle. Hot diet
  and soft ease makes 'em like wax always kept warm, more easy to take
  impression.--Prithee, untie my shoe.--What, art thou shamefaced too? Go
  roundly to work, man. My leg is not gouty: 'twill endure the feeling, I
  warrant thee. Come hither, Fresco; thine ear. S'dainty, I mistook the
  place, I missed thine ear and hit thy lip.

  _Fres._ Your ladyship has made me blush.

  _Lev._ That shows thou art full o' lusty blood and thou knowest not how
  to use it. Let me see thy hand. Thou shouldst not be shamefaced by thy
  hand, Fresco. Here's a brawny flesh and a hairy skin, both signs of an
  able body. I do not like these phlegmatic, smooth-skinned, soft-fleshed
  fellows. They are like candied suckets[152] when they begin to
  perish, which I would always empty my closet of, and give 'em my
  chambermaid.--I have some skill in palmistry: by this line that stands
  directly against me thou shouldst be near a good fortune, Fresco, if
  thou hadst the grace to entertain it.

  _Fres._ O what is that, madam, I pray?

  _Lev._ No less than the love of a fair lady, if thou dost not lose her
  with faint-heartedness.

  _Fres._ A lady, madam? Alas, a lady is a great thing: I cannot compass

  _Lev._ No? Why, I am a lady. Am I so great I cannot be compassed? Clasp
  my waist, and try.

  _Fres._ I could find i' my heart, madam--[SEBASTIAN _knocks within._

  _Lev._ 'Uds body, my husband! Faint-hearted fool! I think thou wert
  begotten between the North Pole and the congealed passage.[153] Now,
  like an ambitious coward that betrays himself with fearful delay, you
  must suffer for the treason you never committed. Go, hide thyself
  behind yon arras instantly. [FRESCO _hides himself._

   _Enter_ SEBASTIAN.

  Sebastian! What do you here so late?

  _Sebas._ Nothing yet, but I hope I shall. [_Kisses her._

  _Lev._ Y'are very bold.

  _Sebas._ And you very valiant, for you met me at full career.[154]

  _Lev._ You come to ha' me move your father's reconciliation. I'll write
  a word or two i' your behalf.

  _Sebas._ A word or two, madam? That you do for me will not be contained
  in less than the compass of two sheets. But in plain terms shall we
  take the opportunity of privateness.

  _Lev._ What to do?

  _Sebas._ To dance the beginning of the world after the English manner.

  _Lev._ Why not after the French or Italian?

  _Sebas._ Fie! they dance it preposterously; backward!

  _Lev._ Are you so active to dance?

  _Sebas._ I can shake my heels.

  _Lev._ Y'are well made for't.

  _Sebas._ Measure me from top to toe you shall not find me differ much
  from the true standard of proportion. [BELFOREST _knocks within._

  _Lev._ I think I am accursed, Sebastian. There's one at the door has
  beaten opportunity away from us. In brief, I love thee, and it shall
  not be long before I give thee a testimony of it. To save thee now from
  suspicion do no more but draw thy rapier, chafe thyself, and when he
  comes in, rush by without taking notice of him. Only seem to be angry,
  and let me alone for the rest.[155]

   _Enter_ BELFOREST.

  _Sebas._ Now by the hand of Mercury--[_Exit._

  _Bel._ What's the matter, wife?

  _Lev._ Oh, oh, husband!

  _Bel._ Prithee what ail'st thou, woman?

  _Lev._ O feel my pulse. It beats, I warrant you. Be patient a little,
  sweet husband: tarry but till my breath come to me again and I'll
  satisfy you.

  _Bel._ What ails Sebastian? He looks so distractedly.

  _Lev._ The poor gentleman's almost out on's wits, I think. You remember
  the displeasure his father took against him about the liberty of speech
  he used even now, when your daughter went to be married?

  _Bel._ Yes. What of that?

  _Lev._ 'T has crazed him sure. He met a poor man i' the street even
  now. Upon what quarrel I know not, but he pursued him so violently that
  if my house had not been his rescue he had surely killed him.

  _Bel._ What a strange desperate young man is that!

  _Lev._ Nay, husband, he grew so in rage, when he saw the man was
  conveyed from him, that he was ready even to have drawn his naked
  weapon upon me. And had not your knocking at the door prevented him,
  surely he'd done something to me.

  _Bel._ Where's the man?

  _Lev._ Alas, here! I warrant you the poor fearful soul is scarce come
  to himself again yet.--If the fool have any wit he will apprehend me.
  [_Aside._]--Do you hear, sir? You may be bold to come forth: the fury
  that haunted you is gone. [FRESCO _peeps fearfully forth from behind
  the arras._

  _Fres._ Are you sure he is gone?

  _Bel._ He's gone, he's gone, I warrant thee.

  _Fres._ I would I were gone too. H's shook me almost into a dead palsy.

  _Bel._ How fell the difference between you?

  _Fres._ I would I were out at the back door.

  _Bel._ Thou art safe enough. Prithee tell's the falling out.

  _Fres._ Yes, sir, when I have recovered my spirits. My memory is almost
  frighted from me.--Oh, so, so, so!--Why, sir, as I came along the
  street, sir--this same gentleman came stumbling after me and trod o'
  my heel.--I cried O. Do you cry, sirrah? says he. Let me see your heel;
  if it be not hurt I'll make you cry for something. So he claps my head
  between his legs and pulls off my shoe. I having shifted no socks in
  a sen'night, the gentleman cried foh! and said my feet were base and
  cowardly feet, they stunk for fear. Then he knocked my shoe about my
  pate, and I cried O once more. In the meantime comes a shag-haired dog
  by, and rubs against his shins. The gentleman took the dog in shag-hair
  to be some watchman in a rug gown, and swore he would hang me up at the
  next door with my lanthorn in my hand, that passengers might see their
  way as they went, without rubbing against gentlemen's shins. So, for
  want of a cord, he took his own garters off, and as he was going to
  make a noose, I watched my time and ran away. And as I ran, indeed I
  bid him hang himself in his own garters. So he, in choler, pursued me
  hither, as you see.

  _Bel._ Why, this savours of distraction.

  _Lev._ Of mere distraction.

  _Fres._ Howsover it savours, I am sure it smells like a lie. [_Aside._

  _Bel._ Thou may'st go forth at the back door, honest fellow; the way is
  private and safe.

  _Fres._ So it had need, for your fore-door here is both common and
  dangerous. [_Exit_ BELFOREST.

  _Lev._ Good night, honest Fresco.

  _Fres._ Good night, madam. If you get me kissing o' ladies

  _Lev._ This falls out handsomely.
  But yet the matter does not well succeed,
  Till I have brought it to the very deed. [_Exit._

  SCENE VI.--_A Camp._

   _Enter_ CHARLEMONT _in arms, a_ Musketeer, _and a_ Serjeant.

  _Charl._ Serjeant, what hour o' the night is't?

  _Serj._ About one.

  _Charl._ I would you would relieve me, for I am
  So heavy that I shall ha' much ado
  To stand out my perdu. [_Thunder and lightning._

  _Serj._ I'll e'en but walk
  The round, sir, and then presently return.

  _Sol._ For God's sake, serjeant, relieve me. Above five hours together
  in so foul a stormy night as this!

  _Serj._ Why 'tis a music, soldier. Heaven and earth are now in consort,
  when the thunder and the cannon play one to another. [_Exit_ Serjeant.

  _Charl._ I know not why I should be thus inclined
  To sleep. I feel my disposition pressed
  With a necessity of heaviness.
  Soldier, if thou hast any better eyes,
  I prithee wake me when the serjeant comes.

  _Sol._ Sir, 'tis so dark and stormy that I shall
  Scarce either see or hear him, ere he comes
  Upon me.

  _Charl._ I cannot force myself to wake.--[_Sleeps._

   _Enter the_ Ghost _of_ MONTFERRERS.

  _Mont._ Return to France, for thy old father's dead,
  And thou by murder disinherited.
  Attend with patience the success of things,
  But leave revenge unto the King of kings. [_Exit._
  [CHARLEMONT _starts and wakes._

  _Charl._ O my affrighted soul, what fearful dream
  Was this that waked me? Dreams are but the raised
  Impressions of premeditated things
  By serious apprehension left upon
  Our minds; or else the imaginary shapes
  Of objects proper to the complexion, or
  The dispositions of our bodies. These
  Can neither of them be the cause why I
  Should dream thus; for my mind has not been moved
  With any one conception of a thought
  To such a purpose; nor my nature wont
  To trouble me with fantasies of terror.
  It must be something that my Genius would
  Inform me of. Now gracious Heaven forbid!
  Oh! let my spirit be deprived of all
  Foresight and knowledge, ere it understand
  That vision acted, or divine that act
  To come. Why should I think so? Left I not
  My worthy father i' the kind regard
  Of a most loving uncle? Soldier, saw'st
  No apparition of a man?

  _Sol._ You dream,
  Sir. I saw nothing.

  _Charl._ Tush! these idle dreams
  Are fabulous. Our boyling fantasies
  Like troubled waters falsify the shapes
  Of things retained in them, and make 'em seem
  Confounded when they are distinguished. So,
  My actions daily conversant with war,
  The argument of blood and death had left
  Perhaps the imaginary presence of
  Some bloody accident upon my mind,
  Which, mixed confusedly with other thoughts,
  Whereof the remembrance of my father might
  Be one presented, all together seem
  Incorporate, as if his body were
  The owner of that blood, the subject of
  That death, when he's at Paris and that blood
  Shed here. It may be thus. I would not leave
  The war, for reputation's sake, upon
  An idle apprehension, a vain dream.

   _Enter the_ Ghost.

  _Sol._ Stand! Stand, I say! No? Why then have at thee,
  Sir. If you will not stand, I'll make you fall. [_Fires._
  Nor stand nor fall? Nay then, the devil's dam
  Has broke her husband's head, for sure it is
  A spirit.
  I shot it through, and yet it will not fall. [_Exit._
  [_The_ Ghost _approaches_ CHARLEMONT _who fearfully
   avoids it._

  _Charl._ O pardon me, my doubtful heart was slow
  To credit that which I did fear to know. [_Exeunt._


  SCENE I.--_Inside a Church._

   _Enter the funeral of_ MONTFERRERS.

  _D'Am._ Set down the body. Pay Earth what she lent.
  But she shall bear a living monument
  To let succeeding ages truly know
  That she is satisfied what he did owe,
  Both principal and use; because his worth
  Was better at his death than at his birth.

   [_A dead march. Enter the funeral of_ CHARLEMONT _as a_ Soldier.

  _D'Am._ And with his body place that memory
  Of noble Charlemont, his worthy son;
  And give their graves the rites that do belong
  To soldiers. They were soldiers both. The father
  Held open war with sin, the son with blood:
  This in a war more gallant, that more good.
  [_The first volley._

  _D'Am._ There place their arms, and here their epitaphs
  And may these lines survive the last of graves.

              "_The Epitaph of_ MONTFERRERS.

      "Here lie the ashes of that earth and fire,
        Whose heat and fruit did feed and warm the poor!
      And they (as if they would in sighs expire,
        And into tears dissolve) his death deplore.
      He did that good freely for goodness' sake
        Unforced, for generousness he held so dear
      That he feared but Him that did him make
        And yet he served Him more for love than fear.
      So's life provided that though he did die
        A sudden death, yet died not suddenly.

              "_The Epitaph of_ CHARLEMONT.

      "His body lies interred within this mould,
      Who died a young man yet departed old,
      And in all strength of youth that man can have
      Was ready still to drop into his grave.
      For aged in virtue, with a youthful eye
      He welcomed it, being still prepared to die,
      And living so, though young deprived of breath
      He did not suffer an untimely death,
      But we may say of his brave blessed decease
      He died in war, and yet he died in peace."
      [_The second volley._

  _D'Am._ O might that fire revive the ashes of
  This Phœnix! yet the wonder would not be
  So great as he was good, and wondered at
  For that. His life's example was so true
  A practique of religion's theory
  That her divinity seemed rather the
  Description than the instruction of his life.
  And of his goodness was his virtuous son
  A worthy imitator. So that on
  These two Herculean pillars where their arms
  Are placed there may be writ _Non ultra_.[156] For
  Beyond their lives, as well for youth as age,
  Nor young nor old, in merit or in name,
  Shall e'er exceed their virtues or their fame.
  [_The third volley._
  'Tis done. Thus fair accompliments make foul
  Deeds gracious. Charlemont, come now when thou wilt,
  I've buried under these two marble stones
  Thy living hopes, and thy dead father's bones.

   _Enter_ CASTABELLA _mourning, to the monument of_ CHARLEMONT.

  _Cast._ O thou that knowest me justly Charlemont's,
  Though in the forced possession of another,
  Since from thine own free spirit we receive it
  That our affections cannot be compelled
  Though our actions may, be not displeased if on
  The altar of his tomb I sacrifice
  My tears. They are the jewels of my love
  Dissolved into grief, and fall upon
  His blasted Spring, as April dew upon
  A sweet young blossom shaked before the time.

   _Enter_ CHARLEMONT _with a_ Servant.

  _Charl._ Go see my trunks disposed of. I'll but walk
  A turn or two i' th' church and follow you.
  [_Exit_ Servant.
  O! here's the fatal monument of my
  Dead father first presented to mine eye.
  What's here?--"In memory of Charlemont?"
  Some false relation has abused belief.
  I am deluded. But I thank thee, Heaven.
  For ever let me be deluded thus.
  My Castabella mourning o'er my hearse?
  Sweet Castabella, rise. I am not dead.

  _Cast._ O Heaven defend me! [_Falls in a swoon._

  _Charl._ I--Beshrew my rash
  And inconsiderate passion.--Castabella!
  That could not think--my Castabella!--that
  My sudden presence might affright her sense.--
  I prithee, my affection, pardon me. [_She rises._
  Reduce thy understanding to thine eye.
  Within this habit, which thy misinformed
  Conceit takes only for a shape, live both
  The soul and body of thy Charlemont.

  _Cast._ I feel a substance warm, and soft, and moist,
  Subject to the capacity of sense.[157]

  _Charl._ Which spirits are not; for their essence is
  Above the nature and the order of
  Those elements whereof our senses are
  Created. Touch my lip. Why turn'st thou from me?

  _Cast._ Grief above griefs! That which should woe relieve
  Wished and obtained, gives greater cause to grieve.

  _Charl._ Can Castabella think it cause of grief
  That the relation of my death prove false?

  _Cast._ The presence of the person we affect,
  Being hopeless to enjoy him, makes our grief
  More passionate than if we saw him not.

  _Charl._ Why not enjoy? Has absence changed thee.

  _Cast._ Yes.
  From maid to wife.

  _Charl._ Art married?

  _Cast._ O! I am.

  _Charl._ Married?--Had not my mother been a woman,
  I should protest against the chastity
  Of all thy sex. How can the merchant or
  The mariners absent whole years from wives
  Experienced in the satisfaction of
  Desire, promise themselves to find their sheets
  Unspotted with adultery at their
  Return, when you that never had the sense
  Of actual temptation could not stay
  A few short months?

  _Cast._ O! do but hear me speak.

  _Charl._ But thou wert wise, and did'st consider that
  A soldier might be maimed, and so perhaps
  Lose his ability to please thee.

  _Cast._ No.
  That weakness pleases me in him I have.

  _Charl._ What, married to a man unable too?
  O strange incontinence! Why, was thy blood
  Increased to such a pleurisy of lust,[158]
  That of necessity there must a vein
  Be opened, though by one that had no skill
  To do't?

  _Cast._ Sir, I beseech you hear me.

  _Charl._ Speak.

  _Cast._ Heaven knows I am unguilty of this act.

  _Charl._ Why? Wert thou forced to do't?

  _Cast._ Heaven knows I was.

  _Charl._ What villain did it?

  _Cast._ Your uncle D'Amville.
  And he that dispossessed my love of you
  Hath disinherited you of possession.

  _Charl._ Disinherited? wherein have I deserved
  To be deprived of my dear father's love?

  _Cast._ Both of his love and him. His soul's at rest;
  But here your injured patience may behold
  The signs of his lamented memory.
  [CHARLEMONT _finds his_ Father's _monument._
  He's found it. When I took him for a ghost
  I could endure the torment of my fear
  More eas'ly than I can his sorrows hear. [_Exit._

  _Charl._ Of all men's griefs must mine be singular?
  Without example? Here I met my grave.
  And all men's woes are buried i' their graves
  But mine. In mine my miseries are born,
  I prithee, sorrow, leave a little room
  In my confounded and tormented mind
  For understanding to deliberate
  The cause or author of this accident.--
  A close advantage of my absence made
  To dispossess me both of land and wife,
  And all the profit does arise to him
  By whom my absence was first moved and urged,
  These circumstances, uncle, tell me you
  Are the suspected author of those wrongs,
  Whereof the lightest is more heavy than
  The strongest patience can endure to bear. [_Exit._

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in_ D'AMVILLE'S _Mansion_.


  _D'Am._ Now, sir, your business?

  _Sebas._ My annuity.

  _D'Am._ Not a denier.[159]

  _Sebas._ How would you ha' me live?

  _D'Am._ Why; turn crier. Cannot you turn crier?

  _Sebas._ Yes.

  _D'Am._ Then do so: y' have a good voice for't.
  Y'are excellent at crying of a rape.[160]

  _Sebas._ Sir, I confess in particular respect to yourself I was
  somewhat forgetful. General honesty possessed me.

  _D'Am._ Go, th'art the base corruption of my blood;
  And, like a tetter, growest unto my flesh.

  _Sebas._ Inflict any punishment upon me. The severity shall not
  discourage me if it be not shameful, so you'll but put money i'
  my purse. The want of money makes a free spirit more mad than the
  possession does an usurer.

  _D'Am._ Not a farthing.

  _Sebas._ Would you ha' me turn purse-taker? 'Tis the next way to do't.
  For want is like the rack: it draws a man to endanger himself to the
  gallows rather than endure it.

   _Enter_ CHARLEMONT. D'AMVILLE _counterfeits to take him for a_ Ghost.

  _D'Am._ What art thou? Stay--Assist my troubled sense--
  My apprehension will distract me--Stay.
  [LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE _avoids him fearfully._

  _Sebas._ What art thou? Speak.

  _Charl._ The spirit of Charlemont.

  _D'Am._ O! stay. Compose me. I dissolve.

  _Lang._ No. 'Tis profane. Spirits are invisible. 'Tis the fiend i' the
  likeness of Charlemont. I will have no conversation with Satan. [_Exit._

  _Sebas._ The spirit of Charlemont? I'll try that.
  [_He strikes, and the blow is returned._
  'Fore God thou sayest true: th'art all spirit.

  _D'Am._ Go, call the officers. [_Exit._

  _Charl._ Th'art a villain, and the son of a villain.

  _Sebas._ You lie.

  _Charl._ Have at thee. [_They fight._ SEBASTIAN _falls._

   _Enter the_ Ghost _of_ MONTFERRERS.

  Revenge, to thee I'll dedicate this work.

  _Mont._ Hold, Charlemont.
  Let him revenge my murder and thy wrongs
  To whom the justice of revenge belongs. [_Exit._

  _Charl._ You torture me between the passion of
  My blood and the religion of my soul.

  _Sebas._ [_Rising._] A good honest fellow!

   _Re-enter_ D'AMVILLE _with_ Officers.

  _D'Am._ What, wounded? Apprehend him. Sir, is this
  Your salutation for the courtesy
  I did you when we parted last? You have
  Forgot I lent you a thousand crowns. First, let
  Him answer for this riot. When the law
  Is satisfied for that, an action for
  His debt shall clap him up again. I took
  You for a spirit and I'll conjure you
  Before I ha' done.

  _Charl._ No, I'll turn conjuror. Devil!
  Within this circle, in the midst of all
  Thy force and malice, I conjure thee do
  Thy worst.

  _D'Am._ Away with him!
  [_Exeunt_ Officers _with_ CHARLEMONT.

  _Sebas._ Sir, I have got
  A scratch or two here for your sake. I hope
  You'll give me money to pay the surgeon.

  _D'Am._ Borachio, fetch me a thousand crowns. I am
  Content to countenance the freedom of
  Your spirit when 'tis worthily employed.
  'A God's name, give behaviour the full scope
  Of generous liberty, but let it not
  Disperse and spend itself in courses of
  Unbounded licence. Here, pay for your hurts.

  _Sebas._ I thank you, sir.--Generous liberty!--that is to say, freely
  to bestow my abilities to honest purposes. Methinks I should not
  follow that instruction now, if having the means to do an honest
  office for an honest fellow, I should neglect it. Charlemont lies
  in prison for a thousand crowns. Honesty tells me 'twere well done
  to release Charlemont. But discretion says I had much ado to come by
  this, and when this shall be gone I know not where to finger any more,
  especially if I employ it to this use, which is like to endanger me
  into my father's perpetual displeasure. And then I may go hang myself,
  or be forced to do that will make another save me the labour. No
  matter, Charlemont, thou gavest me my life, and that's somewhat of a
  purer earth than gold, fine as it is. 'Tis no courtesy, I do thee but
  thankfulness. I owe it thee, and I'll pay it. He fought bravely, but
  the officers dragged him villanously. Arrant knaves! for using him so
  discourteously; may the sins o' the poor people be so few that you sha'
  not be able to spare so much out of your gettings as will pay for the
  hire of a lame starved hackney to ride to an execution, but go a-foot
  to the gallows and be hanged. May elder brothers turn good husbands,
  and younger brothers get good wives, that there be no need of debt
  books nor use of serjeants. May there be all peace, but i' the war
  and all charity, but i' the devil, so that prisons may be turned to
  hospitals, though the officers live o' the benevolence. If this curse
  might come to pass, the world would say, "Blessed be he that curseth."

  SCENE III.--_Inside a Prison._

   CHARLEMONT _discovered._

  _Charl._ I grant thee, Heaven, thy goodness doth command
  Our punishments, but yet no further than
  The measure of our sins. How should they else
  Be just? Or how should that good purpose of
  Thy justice take effect by bounding men
  Within the confines of humanity,
  When our afflictions do exceed our crimes?
  Then they do rather teach the barbarous world
  Examples that extend her cruelties
  Beyond their own dimensions, and instruct
  Our actions to be much more barbarous.
  O my afflicted soul! How torment swells
  Thy apprehension with profane conceit,
  Against the sacred justice of my God!
  Our own constructions are the authors of
  Our misery. We never measure our
  Conditions but with men above us in
  Estate. So while our spirits labour to
  Be higher than our fortunes, they are more base.
  Since all those attributes which make men seem
  Superior to us, are man's subjects and
  Were made to serve him. The repining man
  Is of a servile spirit to deject
  The value of himself below their estimation.

   _Enter_ SEBASTIAN _with the_ Keeper.

  _Sebas._ Here. Take my sword.--How now, my wild swaggerer? Y'are
  tame enough now, are you not? The penury of a prison is like a soft
  consumption. 'Twill humble the pride o' your mortality, and arm your
  soul in complete patience to endure the weight of affliction without
  feeling it. What, hast no music in thee? Th' hast trebles and basses
  enough. Treble injury and base usage. But trebles and basses make poor
  music without means.[161] Thou wantest means, dost? What? Dost droop?
  art dejected?

  _Charl._ No, sir. I have a heart above the reach
  Of thy most violent maliciousness;
  A fortitude in scorn of thy contempt
  (Since Fate is pleased to have me suffer it)
  That can bear more than thou hast power t' inflict.
  I was a baron. That thy father has
  Deprived me of. Instead of that I am
  Created king. I've lost a signiory[162]
  That was confined within a piece of earth,
  A wart upon the body of the world,
  But now I am an emperor of a world,
  This little world of man. My passions are
  My subjects, and I can command them laugh,
  Whilst thou dost tickle 'em to death with misery.

  _Sebas._ 'Tis bravely spoken, and I love thee for't. Thou liest here
  for a thousand crowns. Here are a thousand to redeem thee. Not for the
  ransom o' my life thou gavest me,--that I value not at one crown--'tis
  none o' my deed. Thank my father for't. 'Tis his goodness. Yet he
  looks not for thanks. For he does it under hand, out of a reserved
  disposition to do thee good without ostentation.--Out o' great heart
  you'll refuse't now; will you?

  _Charl._ No. Since I must submit myself to Fate,
  I never will neglect the offer of
  One benefit, but entertain them as
  Her favours and the inductions to some end
  Of better fortune. As whose instrument,
  I thank thy courtesy.

  _Sebas._ Well, come along. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE IV.--_An Apartment in_ D'AMVILLE'S _Mansion._

   _Enter_ D'AMVILLE _and_ CASTABELLA.

  _D'Am._ Daughter, you do not well to urge me. I
  Ha' done no more than justice. Charlemont
  Shall die and rot in prison, and 'tis just.

  _Cast._ O father, mercy is an attribute
  As high as justice, an essential part
  Of his unbounded goodness, whose divine
  Impression, form, and image man should bear!
  And, methinks, man should love to imitate
  His mercy, since the only countenance
  Of justice were destruction, if the sweet
  And loving favour of his mercy did
  Not mediate between it and our weakness.

  _D'Am._ Forbear. You will displease me. He shall rot.

  _Cast._ Dear sir, since by your greatness you
  Are nearer heaven in place, be nearer it
  In goodness. Rich men should transcend the poor
  As clouds the earth, raised by the comfort of
  The sun to water dry and barren grounds.
  If neither the impression in your soul
  Of goodness, nor the duty of your place
  As goodness' substitute can move you, then
  Let nature, which in savages, in beasts,
  Can stir to pity, tell you that he is
  Your kinsman.--

  _D'Am._ You expose your honesty
  To strange construction. Why should you so urge
  Release for Charlemont? Come, you profess
  More nearness to him than your modesty
  Can answer. You have tempted my suspicion.
  I tell thee he shall starve, and die, and rot.


  _Charl._ Uncle, I thank you.

  _D'Am._ Much good do it you.--Who did release him?

  _Sebas._ I. [_Exit_ CASTABELLA.

  _D'Am._ You are a villain.

  _Sebas._ Y'are my father. [_Exit_ SEBASTIAN.

  _D'Am._ I must temporize.--[_Aside._
  Nephew, had not his open freedom made
  My disposition known, I would ha' borne
  The course and inclination of my love
  According to the motion of the sun,
  Invisibly enjoyed and understood.

  _Charl._ That shows your good works are directed to
  No other end than goodness. I was rash,
  I must confess. But--

  _D'Am._ I will excuse you.
  To lose a father and, as you may think,
  Be disinherited, it must be granted
  Are motives to impatience. But for death,
  Who can avoid it? And for his estate,
  In the uncertainty of both your lives
  'Twas done discreetly to confer't upon
  A known successor being the next in blood.
  And one, dear nephew, whom in time to come
  You shall have cause to thank. I will not be
  Your dispossessor but your guardian.
  I will supply your father's vacant place
  To guide your green improvidence of youth,
  And make you ripe for your inheritance.

  _Charl._ Sir, I embrace your generous promises.

   _Enter_ ROUSARD _looking sickly, and_ CASTABELLA.

  _Rous._ Embracing! I behold the object that
  Mine eye affects. Dear cousin Charlemont!

  _D'Am._ My elder son! He meets you happily.
  For with the hand of our whole family
  We interchange the indenture[163] of our loves.

  _Charl._ And I accept it. Yet not so joyfully
  Because y'are sick.

  _D'Am._ Sir, his affection's sound
  Though he be sick in body.

  _Rous._ Sick indeed.
  A general weakness did surprise my health
  The very day I married Castabella,
  As if my sickness were a punishment
  That did arrest me for some injury
  I then committed. Credit me, my love,
  I pity thy ill fortune to be matched
  With such a weak, unpleasing bedfellow.

  _Cast._ Believe me, sir, it never troubles me.
  I am as much respectless to enjoy
  Such pleasure, as ignorant what it is.

  _Charl._ Thy sex's wonder. Unhappy Charlemont!

  _D'Am._ Come, let's to supper. There we will confirm
  The eternal bond of our concluded love. [_Exeunt._


  SCENE I.--_A Room in_ CATAPLASMA'S _House._

   _Enter_ CATAPLASMA _and_ SOQUETTE _with needlework._

  _Cata._ Come, Soquette, your work! let's examine your work. What's
  here? a medlar with a plum tree growing hard by it; the leaves o' the
  plum tree falling off; the gum issuing out o' the perished joints; and
  the branches some of 'em dead, and some rotten; and yet but a young
  plum tree. In good sooth very pretty.

  _Soqu._ The plum tree, forsooth, grows so near the medlar that the
  medlar sucks and draws all the sap from it and the natural strength o'
  the ground, so that it cannot prosper.

  _Cata._ How conceited you are![164] But here th'ast made a tree to bear
  no fruit. Why's that?

  _Soqu._ There grows a savin tree next it, forsooth.[165]

  _Cata._ Forsooth you are a little too witty in that.

   _Enter_ SEBASTIAN.

  _Sebas._ But this honeysuckle winds about this white thorn very
  prettily and lovingly, sweet Mistress Cataplasma.

  _Cata._ Monsieur Sebastian! in good sooth very uprightly welcome this

  _Sebas._ What, moralizing upon this gentlewoman's needlework? Let's see.

  _Cata._ No, sir. Only examining whether it be done to the true nature
  and life o' the thing.

  _Sebas._ Here y' have set a medlar with a bachelor's button o' one
  side and a snail o' the tother. The bachelor's button should have held
  his head up more pertly towards the medlar: the snail o' the tother
  side should ha' been wrought with an artificial laziness, doubling his
  tail and putting out his horn but half the length. And then the medlar
  falling (as it were) from the lazy snail and ending towards the pert
  bachelor's button, their branches spreading and winding one within
  another as if they did embrace. But here's a moral. A poppring[166]
  pear tree growing upon the bank of a river seeming continually to look
  downwards into the water as if it were enamoured of it, and ever as the
  fruit ripens lets it fall for love (as it were) into her lap. Which
  the wanton stream, like a strumpet, no sooner receives but she carries
  it away and bestows it upon some other creature she maintains, still
  seeming to play and dally under the poppring so long that it has almost
  washed away the earth from the root, and now the poor tree stands as
  if it were ready to fall and perish by that whereon it spent all the
  substance it had.

  _Cata._ Moral for you that love those wanton running waters.

  _Sebas._ But is not my Lady Levidulcia come yet?

  _Cata._ Her purpose promised us her company ere this. Sirrah, your lute
  and your book.

  _Sebas._ Well said. A lesson o' the lute, to entertain the time with
  till she comes.

  _Cata. Sol, fa, mi, la.--Mi, mi, mi._--Precious! Dost not see _mi_
  between the two crotchets? Strike me full there.--So--forward. This is
  a sweet strain, and thou finger'st it beastly. _Mi_ is a _laerg_[167]
  there, and the prick that stands before _mi_ a long; always halve your
  note.--Now--Run your division pleasingly with these quavers. Observe
  all your graces i' the touch.--Here's a sweet close--strike it full; it
  sets off your music delicately.


  _Lang._ Purity be in this house.

  _Cata._ 'Tis now entered; and welcome with your good ladyship.

  _Sebas._ Cease that music. Here's a sweeter instrument.

  _Lev._ Restrain your liberty. See you not Snuffe?

  _Sebas._ What does the stinkard here? put Snuffe out. He's offensive.

  _Lev._ No. The credit of his company defends my being abroad from the
  eye of suspicion.

  _Cata._ Wilt please your ladyship go up into the closet? There are
  those falls and tires[168] I told you of.

  _Lev._ Monsieur Snuffe, I shall request your patience. My stay will not
  be long. [_Exit with_ SEBASTIAN.

  _Lang._ My duty, madam.--Falls and tires! I begin to suspect what falls
  and tires you mean. My lady and Sebastian the fall and the tire, and
  I the shadow. I perceive the purity of my conversation is used but
  for a property to cover the uncleanness of their purposes. The very
  contemplation o' the thing makes the spirit of the flesh begin to
  wriggle in my blood. And here my desire has met with an object already.
  This gentlewoman, methinks, should be swayed with the motion, living in
  a house where moving example is so common.--Mistress Cataplasma, my
  lady, it seems, has some business that requires her stay. The fairness
  o' the evening invites me into the air. Will it please you give this
  gentlewoman leave to leave her work and walk a turn or two with me for
  honest recreation?

  _Cata._ With all my heart, sir. Go, Soquette: give ear to his
  instructions. You may get understanding by his company, I can tell you.

  _Lang._ In the way of holiness, Mistress Cataplasma.

  _Cata._ Good Monsieur Snuffe!--I will attend your return.

  _Lang._ Your hand, gentlewoman.--[_To_ SOQUETTE.]
  The flesh is humble till the spirit move it.
  But when 'tis raised it will command above it.

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in_ D'AMVILLE'S _Mansion._


  _D'Am._ Your sadness and the sickness of my son
  Have made our company and conference
  Less free and pleasing than I purposed it.

  _Charl._ Sir, for the present I am much unfit
  For conversation or society.
  With pardon I will rudely take my leave.

  _D'Am._ Good night, dear nephew.
  Seest thou that same man?

  _Bor._ Your meaning, sir?

  _D'Am._ That fellow's life, Borachio,
  Like a superfluous letter in the law,
  Endangers our assurance.[169]

  _Bor._ Scrape him out.

  _D'Am._ Wilt do't?

  _Bor._ Give me your purpose--I will do't.

  _D'Am._ Sad melancholy has drawn Charlemont
  With meditation on his father's death
  Into the solitary walk behind the church.

  _Bor._ The churchyard? 'Tis the fittest place for death.
  Perhaps he's praying. Then he's fit to die.
  We'll send him charitably to his grave.

  _D'Am._ No matter how thou tak'st him. First take this--
  [_Gives him a pistol._
  Thou knowest the place. Observe his passages,
  And with the most advantage make a stand,
  That, favoured by the darkness of the night,
  His breast may fall upon thee at so near
  A distance that he sha' not shun the blow.
  The deed once done, thou may'st retire with safety.
  The place is unfrequented, and his death
  Will be imputed to the attempt of thieves.

  _Bor._ Be careless. Let your mind be free and clear.
  This pistol shall discharge you of your fear. [_Exit._

  _D'Am._ But let me call my projects to account
  For what effect and end have I engaged
  Myself in all this blood? To leave a state
  To the succession of my proper blood.
  But how shall that succession be continued?
  Not in my elder son, I fear. Disease
  And weakness have disabled him for issue.
  For the other,--his loose humour will endure
  No bond of marriage. And I doubt his life,
  His spirit is so boldly dangerous.
  O pity that the profitable end
  Of such a prosperous murder should be lost!
  Nature forbid! I hope I have a body
  That will not suffer me to lose my labour
  For want of issue yet. But then't must be
  A bastard.--Tush! they only father bastards
  That father other men's begettings. Daughter!
  Be it mine own. Let it come whence it will,
  I am resolved. Daughter!

   _Enter_ Servant.

  _Ser._ My lord.

  _D'Am._ I prithee call my daughter.

   _Enter_ CASTABELLA.

  _Cast._ Your pleasure, sir.

  _D'Am._ Is thy husband i' bed?

  _Cast._ Yes, my lord.

  _D'Am._ The evening's fair. I prithee walk a turn or two.

  _Cast._ Come, Jaspar.

  _D'Am._ No.
  We'll walk but to the corner o' the church;
  And I have something to speak privately.

  _Cast._ No matter; stay. [_Exit_ Servant.

  _D'Am._ This falls out happily. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE III.--_The Churchyard._

   _Enter_ CHARLEMONT.--BORACHIO _dogging him. The clock strikes twelve._

  _Charl._ Twelve.

  _Bor._ 'Tis a good hour: 'twill strike one anon.

  _Charl._ How fit a place for contemplation is this dead of night, among
  the dwellings of the dead.--This grave--Perhaps the inhabitant was in
  his lifetime the possessor of his own desires. Yet in the midst of all
  his greatness and his wealth he was less rich and less contented than
  in this poor piece of earth lower and lesser than a cottage. For here
  he neither wants nor cares. Now that his body savours of corruption
  He enjoys a sweeter rest than e'er he did
  Amongst the sweetest pleasures of this life,
  For here there's nothing troubles him.--And there
  --In that grave lies another. He, perhaps,
  Was in his life as full of misery
  As this of happiness. And here's an end
  Of both. Now both their states are equal. O
  That man with so much labour should aspire
  To worldly height, when in the humble earth
  The world's condition's at the best, or scorn
  Inferior men, since to be lower than
  A worm is to be higher than a king.

  _Bor._ Then fall and rise.
  [_Discharges the pistol, which misses fire._

  _Charl._ What villain's hand was that?
  Save thee, or thou shalt perish. [_They fight._

  _Bor._ Zounds! unsaved
  I think. [_Falls._

  _Charl._ What? Have I killed him? Whatsoe'er thou beest,
  I would thy hand had prospered. For I was
  Unfit to live and well prepared to die.
  What shall I do? Accuse myself? Submit
  Me to the law? And that will quickly end
  This violent increase of misery.
  But 'tis a murder to be accessory
  To mine own death. I will not. I will take
  This opportunity to 'scape. It may
  Be Heaven reserves me to some better end. [_Exit._


  _Soqu._ Nay, good sir, I dare not. In good sooth I come of a generation
  both by father and mother that were all as fruitful as costermongers'

  _Lang._ Tush! then a tympany[170] is the greatest danger can be feared.
  Their fruitfulness turns but to a certain kind of phlegmatic windy

  _Soqu._ I must put my understanding to your trust, sir. I would be loth
  to be deceived.

  _Lang._ No, conceive thou sha't not. Yet thou shalt profit by my
  instruction too. My body is not every day drawn dry, wench.

  _Soqu._ Yet methinks, sir, your want of use should rather make your
  body like a well,--the lesser 'tis drawn, the sooner it grows dry.

  _Lang._ Thou shalt try that instantly.

  _Soqu._ But we want place and opportunity.

  _Lang._ We have both. This is the back side of the house which the
  superstitious call St. Winifred's church, and is verily a convenient
  unfrequented place.--
  Where under the close curtains of the night--

  _Soqu._ You purpose i' the dark to make me light.
  [SNUFFE  _pulls out a sheet, a hair, and a beard._
  But what ha' you there?

  _Lang._ This disguise is for security's sake, wench. There's a talk,
  thou know'st, that the ghost of old Montferrers walks. In this church
  he was buried. Now if any stranger fall upon us before our business
  be ended, in this disguise I shall be taken for that ghost, and never
  be called to examination, I warrant thee. Thus we shall 'scape both
  prevention and discovery. How do I look in this habit, wench?

  _Soqu._ So like a ghost that notwithstanding I have some foreknowledge
  of you, you make my hair stand almost on end.

  _Lang._ I will try how I can kiss in this beard. O, fie, fie, fie! I
  will put it off and then kiss, and then put it on. I can do the rest
  without kissing.

   _Re-enter_ CHARLEMONT _doubtfully, with his sword drawn; he comes upon
   them before they are aware. They run out different ways, leaving the
   disguise behind._

  _Charl._ What ha' we here? A sheet! a hair! a beard!
  What end was this disguise intended for?
  No matter what. I'll not expostulate
  The purpose of a friendly accident.[171]
  Perhaps it may accommodate my 'scape.
  --I fear I am pursued. For more assurance,
  I'll hide me here i' th' charnel house,
  This convocation-house of dead men's skulls.
  [_In getting into the charnel house he takes hold of a death's head; it
  slips, and he staggers._
  Death's head, deceivest my hold?
  Such is the trust to all mortality.
  [_Hides himself in the charnel house._

   _Enter_ D'AMVILLE _and_ CASTABELLA.

  _Cast._ My lord, the night grows late. Your lordship spake
  Of something you desired to move in private.

  _D'Am._ Yes. Now I'll speak it. The argument is love.
  The smallest ornament of thy sweet form
  (That abstract of all pleasure) can command
  The senses into passion and thy entire
  Perfection is my object, yet I love thee
  With the freedom of my reason. I can give
  Thee reason for my love.

  _Cast._ Love me, my lord?
  I do believe it, for I am the wife
  Of him you love.

  _D'Am._ 'Tis true. By my persuasion thou wert forced
  To marry one unable to perform
  The office of a husband. I was the author
  Of the wrong.
  My conscience suffers under't, and I would
  Disburthen it by satisfaction.

  _Cast._ How?

  _D'Am._ I will supply that pleasure to thee which he cannot.

  _Cast._ Are ye a devil or a man?

  _D'Am._ A man, and such a man as can return
  Thy entertainment with as prodigal
  A body as the covetous desire,
  Or woman ever was delighted with.
  So that, besides the full performance of
  Thy empty husband's duty, thou shalt have
  The joy of children to continue the
  Succession of thy blood. For the appetite
  That steals her pleasure, draws the forces of
  The body to an united strength, and puts 'em
  Altogether into action, never fails
  Of procreation. All the purposes
  Of man aim but at one of these two ends--
  Pleasure or profit; and in this one sweet
  Conjunction of our loves they both will meet.
  Would it not grieve thee that a stranger to
  Thy blood should lay the first foundation of
  His house upon the ruins of thy family?

  _Cast._ Now Heaven defend me! May my memory
  Be utterly extinguished, and the heir
  Of him that was my father's enemy
  Raise his eternal monument upon
  Our ruins, ere the greatest pleasure or
  The greatest profit ever tempt me to
  Continue it by incest.

  _D'Am._ Incest? Tush!
  These distances affinity observes
  Are articles of bondage cast upon
  Our freedoms by our own objections.
  Nature allows a general liberty
  Of generation to all creatures else.
  Shall man,
  To whose command and use all creatures were
  Made subject, be less free than they?

  _Cast._ O God!
  Is Thy unlimited and infinite
  Omnipotence less free because thou doest
  No ill?
  Or if you argue merely out of nature,
  Do you not degenerate from that, and are
  You not unworthy the prerogative
  Of Nature's masterpiece, when basely you
  Prescribe yourself authority and law
  From their examples whom you should command?
  I could confute you, but the horror of
  The argument confutes my understanding.--
  Sir, I know you do but try me in
  Your son's behalf, suspecting that
  My strength
  And youth of blood cannot contain themselves
  With impotence.--Believe me, sir,
  I never wronged him. If it be your lust,
  O quench it on their prostituted flesh
  Whose trade of sin can please desire with more
  Delight and less offence.--The poison o' your breath,
  Evaporated from so foul a soul,
  Infects the air more than the damps that rise
  From bodies but half rotten in their graves.

  _D'Am._ Kiss me. I warrant thee my breath is sweet.
  These dead men's bones lie here of purpose to
  Invite us to supply the number of
  The living. Come we'll get young bones, and do't.
  I will enjoy thee. No? Nay then invoke
  Your great supposed protector; I will do't.

  _Cast._ Supposed protector! Are ye an atheist? Then
  I know my prayers and tears are spent in vain.
  O patient Heaven! Why dost thou not express
  Thy wrath in thunderbolts to tear the frame
  Of man in pieces? How can earth endure
  The burthen of this wickedness without
  An earthquake? Or the angry face of Heaven
  Be not inflamed with lightning?

  _D'Am._ Conjure up
  The devil and his dam: cry to the graves:
  The dead can hear thee: invocate their help.

  _Cast._ O would this grave might open and my body
  Were bound to the dead carcass of a man,
  For ever, ere it entertain the lust
  Of this detested villain!

  _D'Am._ Tereus-like
  Thus I will force my passage to--

  _Charl._ The Devil!
  [CHARLEMONT _rises in the disguise, and frightens_
  D'AMVILLE _away._
  Now, lady, with the hand of Charlemont
  I thus redeem you from the arm of lust.
  --My Castabella!

  _Cast._ My dear Charlemont!

  _Charl._ For all my wrongs I thank thee, gracious Heaven.
  Th'ast made me satisfaction to reserve
  Me for this blessed purpose. Now, sweet Death,
  I'll bid thee welcome. Come, I'll guide thee home,
  And then I'll cast myself into the arms
  Of apprehension,[172] that the law may make
  This worthy work the crown of all my actions,
  Being the best and last.

  _Cast._ The last? The law?
  Now Heaven forbid! What ha' you done?

  _Charl._ Why, I have
  Killed a man; not murdered him, my Castabella.
  He would ha' murdered me.

  _Cast._ Then, Charlemont,
  The hand of Heaven directed thy defence.
  That wicked atheist! I suspect his plot.

  _Charl._ My life he seeks. I would he had it, since
  He has deprived me of those blessings that
  Should make me love it. Come, I'll give it him.

  _Cast._ You sha' not. I will first expose myself
  To certain danger than for my defence
  Destroy the man that saved me from destruction.

  _Charl._ Thou canst not satisfy me better than
  To be the instrument of my release
  From misery.

  _Cast._ Then work it by escape.
  Leave me to this protection that still guards
  The innocent. Or I will be a partner
  In your destiny.

  _Charl._ My soul is heavy. Come, lie down to rest;
  These are the pillows whereon men sleep best.
  [_They lie down, each of them with a death's head for a pillow._

   _Re-enter_ LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE, _seeking_ SOQUETTE.

  _Lang._ Soquette, Soquette, Soquette! O art thou there? [_He
  mistakes the body of_ BORACHIO _for_ SOQUETTE.

  Verily thou liest in a fine premeditated readiness for the purpose.
  Come, kiss me, sweet Soquette.--Now purity defend me from the sin of
  Sodom!--This is a creature of the masculine gender.--Verily the man is
  blasted.--Yea, cold and stiff!--Murder, murder, murder! [_Exit._

   _Re-enter_ D'AMVILLE _distractedly: he starts at the sight of a
   death's head._

  _D'Am._ Why dost thou stare upon me? Thou art not
  The soul of him I murdered. What hast thou
  To do to vex my conscience? Sure thou wert
  The head of a most doggèd usurer,
  Th'art so uncharitable. And that bawd,
  The sky there: she could shut the windows and
  The doors of this great chamber of the world,
  And draw the curtains of the clouds between
  Those lights and me, above this bed of earth,
  When that same strumpet Murder and myself
  Committed sin together. Then she could
  Leave us i' the dark till the close deed was done.
  But now that I begin to feel the loathsome horror of my sin, and, like
  a lecher emptied of his lust, desire to bury face under my eye-brows,
  and would steal from my shame unseen, she meets me
  I' the face with all her light corrupted eyes
  To challenge payment o' me. O behold!
  Yonder's the ghost of old Montferrers, in
  A long white sheet climbing yon lofty mountain
  To complain to Heaven of me.--
  Montferrers! pox o' fearfulness! 'Tis nothing
  But a fair white cloud. Why, was I born a coward?
  He lies that says so. Yet the countenance of
  A bloodless worm might ha' the courage now
  To turn my blood to water.
  The trembling motion of an aspen leaf
  Would make me, like the shadow of that leaf,
  Lie shaking under 't. I could now commit
  A murder were it but to drink the fresh
  Warm blood of him I murdered to supply
  The want and weakness o' mine own,
  'Tis grown so cold and phlegmatic.

  _Lang._ Murder, murder, murder! [_Within._

  _D'Am._ Mountains o'erwhelm me: the ghost of old Montferrers haunts me.

  _Lang._ Murder, murder, murder!

  _D'Am._ O were my body circumvolved
  Within that cloud, that when the thunder tears
  His passage open, it might scatter me
  To nothing in the air!

   _Re-enter_ LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE _with the_ Watch.

  _Lang._ Here you shall find
  The murdered body.

  _D'Am._ Black Beelzebub,
  And all his hell-hounds, come to apprehend me?

  _Lang._ No, my good lord, we come to apprehend
  The murderer.

  _D'Am._ The ghost (great Pluto!) was
  A fool unfit to be employed in
  Any serious business for the state of hell.
  Why could not he ha' suffered me to raise
  The mountains o' my sins with one as damnable
  As all the rest, and then ha' tumbled me
  To ruin? But apprehend me e'en between
  The purpose and the act before it was

  _Watch._ Is this the murderer? He speaks suspiciously.

  _Lang._ No, verily. This is my Lord D'Amville. And his distraction, I
  think, grows out of his grief for the loss of a faithful servant. For
  surely I take him to be Borachio that is slain.

  _D'Am._ Hah! Borachio slain? Thou look'st like Snuffe, dost not?

  _Lang._ Yes, in sincerity, my lord.

  _D'Am._ Hark thee--sawest thou not a ghost?

  _Lang._ A ghost? Where, my lord?--I smell a fox.

  _D'Am._ Here i' the churchyard.

  _Lang._ Tush! tush! their walking spirits are mere imaginary fables.
  There's no such thing _in rerum natura_. Here is a man slain. And with
  the spirit of consideration I rather think him to be the murderer got
  into that disguise than any such fantastic toy.

  _D'Am._ My brains begin to put themselves in order. I apprehend thee
  now.--'Tis e'en so.--Borachio, I will search the centre, but I'll find
  the murderer.

  _Watch._ Here, here, here.

  _D'Am._ Stay. Asleep? so soundly,
  So sweetly upon Death's heads? and in a place
  So full of fear and horror? Sure there is
  Some other happiness within the freedom
  Of the conscience than my knowledge e'er attained to.--Ho, ho, ho!

  _Charl._ Y'are welcome, uncle. Had you sooner come
  You had been sooner welcome. I'm the man
  You seek. You sha' not need examine me.

  _D'Am._ My nephew and my daughter! O my dear
  Lamented blood, what fate has cast you thus
  Unhappily upon this accident?

  _Charl._ You know, sir, she's as clear as chastity.

  _D'Am._ As her own chastity. The time, the place
  All circumstances argue that unclear.

  _Cast._ Sir, I confess it; and repentantly
  Will undergo the selfsame punishment
  That justice shall inflict on Charlemont.

  _Charl._ Unjustly she betrays her innocence.

  _Watch._ But, sir, she's taken with you, and she must
  To prison with you.

  _D'Am._ There's no remedy.
  Yet were it not my son's bed she abused,
  My land should fly, but both should be excused.

  SCENE IV.--_An Apartment in_ BELFOREST'S _Mansion._

   _Enter_ BELFOREST _and a_ Servant.

  _Bel._ Is not my wife come in yet?

  _Ser._ No, my lord.

  _Bel._ Methinks she's very affectedly inclined
  To young Sebastian's company o' late.
  But jealousy is such a torment that
  I am afraid to entertain it. Yet
  The more I shun by circumstances to meet
  Directly with it, the more ground I find
  To circumvent my apprehension. First,
  I know she has a perpetual appetite,
  Which being so oft encountered with a man
  Of such a bold luxurious freedom as
  Sebastian is, and of so promising
  A body, her own blood corrupted will
  Betray her to temptation.

   _Enter_ FRESCO _closely._

  _Fres._ Precious! I was sent by his lady to see if her lord were in
  bed. I should ha' done't slily without discovery, and now I am blurted
  upon 'em before I was aware. [_Exit._

  _Bel._ Know not you the gentlewoman my wife brought home?

  _Ser._ By sight, my lord. Her man was here but now.

  _Bel._ Her man? I prithee, run and call him quickly. This villain! I
  suspect him ever since I found him hid behind the tapestry.

   _Re-enter_ FRESCO.

  Fresco! th'art welcome, Fresco. Leave us. [_Exit_ Servant.] Dost hear,
  Fresco? Is not my wife at thy mistress's?

  _Fres._ I know not, my lord.

  _Bel._ I prithee tell me, Fresco--we are private--tell me:
  Is not thy mistress a good wench?

  _Fres._ How means your lordship that? A wench o' the trade?

  _Bel._ Yes, faith, Fresco; e'en a wench o' the trade.

  _Fres._ O no, my lord. Those falling diseases cause baldness, and my
  mistress recovers the loss of hair, for she is a periwig maker.

  _Bel._ And nothing else?

  _Fres._ Sells falls, and tires, and bodies for ladies, or so.

  _Bel._ So, sir; and she helps my lady to falls and bodies now and then,
  does she not?

  _Fres._ At her ladyship's pleasure, my lord.

  _Bel._ Her pleasure, you rogue? You are the pander to her pleasure, you
  varlet, are you not? You know the conveyances between Sebastian and my
  wife? Tell me the truth, or by this hand I'll nail thy bosom to the
  earth. Stir not, you dog, but quickly tell the truth.

  _Fres._ O yes! [_Speaks like a crier._

  _Bel._ Is not thy mistress a bawd to my wife?

  _Fres._ O yes!

  _Bel._ And acquainted with her tricks, and her plots, and her devices?

  _Fres._ O yes! If any man, o' court, city, or country, has found my
  Lady Levidulcia in bed but my Lord Belforest, it is Sebastian.

  _Bel._ What, dost thou proclaim it? Dost thou cry it, thou villain?

  _Fres._ Can you laugh it, my lord? I thought you meant to proclaim
  yourself cuckold.

   _Enter_ The Watch.

  _Bel._ The watch met with my wish. I must request the assistance of your offices.
  [FRESCO _runs away._
  'Sdeath, stay that villain; pursue him! [_Exeunt._

  SCENE V.--_A Room, in_ CATAPLASMA'S _House._

   _Enter_ LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE, _importuning_ SOQUETTE.

  _Soqu._ Nay, if you get me any more into the churchyard!

  _Lang._ Why, Soquette, I never got thee there yet.

  _Soqu._ Got me there! No, not with child.

  _Lang._ I promised thee I would not, and I was as good as my word.

  _Soqu._ Yet your word was better than your deed. But steal up into the
  little matted chamber o' the left hand.

  _Lang._ I prithee let it be the right hand. Thou leftest me before, and
  I did not like that.

  _Soqu._ Precious quickly.--So soon as my mistress shall be in bed I'll
  come to you. [_Exit_ SNUFFE.


  _Cata._ I wonder Fresco stays so long.

  _Sebas._ Mistress Soquette, a word with you. [_Whispers._

  _Lev._ If he brings word my husband is i' bed
  I will adventure one night's liberty
  To be abroad.--
  My strange affection to this man!--'Tis like
  That natural sympathy which e'en among
  The senseless creatures of the earth commands
  A mutual inclination and consent.
  For though it seems to be the free effect
  Of mine own voluntary love, yet I can
  Neither restrain it nor give reason for't.
  But now 'tis done, and in your power it lies
  To save my honour, or dishonour me.

  _Cata._ Enjoy your pleasure, madam, without fear,
  I never will betray the trust you have
  Committed to me. And you wrong yourself
  To let consideration of the sin
  Molest your conscience. Methinks 'tis unjust
  That a reproach should be inflicted on
  A woman for offending but with one,
  When 'tis a light offence in husbands to
  Commit with many.

  _Lev._ So it seems to me.--
  Why, how now, Sebastian, making love to that
  gentlewoman? How many mistresses ha' you i' faith?

  _Sebas._ In faith, none; for I think none of 'em are faithful; but
  otherwise, as many as clean shirts. The love of a woman is like a
  mushroom,--it grows in one night and will serve somewhat pleasingly
  next morning to breakfast, but afterwards waxes fulsome and unwholesome.

  _Cata._ Nay, by Saint Winifred, a woman's love lasts as long as winter

  _Sebas._ 'Tis true--till new come in. By my experience no longer.

   _Enter_ FRESCO _running._

  _Fres._ Somebody's doing has undone us, and we are like to pay dearly

  _Sebas._ Pay dear? For what?

  _Fres._ Will't not be a chargeable reckoning, think you, when here
  are half a dozen fellows coming to call us to account, with every man
  a several bill[173] in his hand that we are not able to discharge.
  [_Knock at the door._

  _Cata._ Passion o' me! What bouncing's that? Madam, withdraw yourself.

  _Lev._ Sebastian, if you love me, save my honour. [_Exeunt all except_

  _Sebas._ What violence is this? What seek you? Zounds!
  You shall not pass.

   _Enter_ BELFOREST _with the_ Watch.

  _Bel._ Pursue the strumpet [_Exit_ Watch]. Villain, give me way,
  Or I will make a passage through thy blood.

  _Sebas._ My blood will make it slippery, my lord,
  'Twere better you would take another way.
  You may hap fall else.
  [_They fight. Both are slain._ SEBASTIAN _falls first._

  _Sebas._ I ha't, i' faith. [_Dies._

   [_While_ BELFOREST _is staggering enter_ LEVIDULCIA.

  _Lev._ O God! my husband! my Sebastian! Husband!
  Neither can speak, yet both report my shame.
  Is this the saving of my honour when
  Their blood runs out in rivers, and my lust
  The fountain whence it flows? Dear husband, let
  Not thy departed spirit be displeased
  If with adulterate lips I kiss thy cheek.
  Here I behold the hatefulness of lust,
  Which brings me kneeling to embrace him dead
  Whose body living I did loathe to touch.
  Now I can weep. But what can tears do good
  When I weep only water, they weep blood.
  But could I make an ocean with my tears
  That on the flood this broken vessel of
  My body, laden heavy with light lust,
  Might suffer shipwreck and so drown my shame.
  Then weeping were to purpose, but alas!
  The sea wants water enough to wash away
  The foulness of my name. O! in their wounds
  I feel my honour wounded to the death.
  Shall I out-live my honour? Must my life
  Be made the world's example? Since it must,
  Then thus in detestation of my deed,
  To make the example move more forceably
  To virtue, thus I seal it with a death
  As full of horror as my life of sin. [_Stabs herself._

   _Enter the_ Watch _with_ CATAPLASMA, FRESCO, LANGUEBEAU SNUFFE, _and_

  _Watch._ Hold, madam! Lord, what a strange night is this!

  _Lang._ May not Snuffe be suffered to go out of himself?

  _Watch._ Nor you, nor any. All must go with us.
  O with what virtue lust should be withstood!
  Since 'tis a fire quenched seldom without blood.


  SCENE I.--_A Room in_ D'AMVILLE'S _Mansion._

   _A_ Servant _sleeping, with lights and money before him. Music._

   _Enter_ D'AMVILLE.

  _D'Am._ What, sleep'st thou?

  _Ser._ [_Awaking_] No, my lord. Nor sleep nor wake;
  But in a slumber troublesome to both.

  _D 'Am._ Whence comes this gold?

  _Ser._ 'Tis part of the revenue
  Due to your lordship since your brother's death.

  _D'Am._ To bed. Leave me my gold.

  _Ser._ And me my rest.
  Two things wherewith one man is seldom blest.

  _D'Am._ Cease that harsh music. We are not pleased with it.
  [_He handles the gold._
  Here sounds a music whose melodious touch
  Like angels' voices ravishes the sense.
  Behold, thou ignorant astronomer
  Whose wandering speculation seeks among
  The planets for men's fortunes, with amazement
  Behold thine error and be planet-struck.
  These are the stars whose operations make
  The fortunes and the destinies of men.
  Yon lesser eyes of Heaven (like subjects raised
  Into their lofty houses, when their prince
  Rides underneath the ambition of their loves)
  Are mounted only to behold the face
  Of your more rich imperious eminence
  With unprevented sight. Unmask, fair queen.
  [_Unpurses the gold._
  Vouchsafe their expectations may enjoy
  The gracious favour[174] they admire to see.
  These are the stars, the ministers of Fate,
  And man's high wisdom the superior power
  To which their forces are subordinate. [_Sleeps._

   _Enter the_ Ghost _of_ MONTFERRERS.

  _Mont._ D'Amville! With all thy wisdom th'art a fool.
  Not like those fools that we term innocents,
  But a most wretched miserable fool
  Which instantly, to the confusion of
  Thy projects, with despair thou shalt behold.
  [_Exit_ Ghost.

  _D'Am._ [_Starting up._] What foolish dream dares interrupt my rest
  To my confusion? How can that be, since
  My purposes have hitherto been borne
  With prosperous judgment to secure success,
  Which nothing lives to dispossess me of
  But apprehended[175] Charlemont. And him
  This brain has made the happy instrument
  To free suspicion, to annihilate
  All interest and title of his own
  To seal up my assurance, and confirm
  My absolute possession by the law.
  Thus while the simple, honest worshipper
  Of a fantastic providence, groans under
  The burthen of neglected misery,
  My real wisdom has raised up a state
  That shall eternise my posterity.

   _Enter_ Servant _with the body of_ SEBASTIAN.

  What's that?

  _Ser._ The body of your younger son,
  Slain by the Lord Belforest.

  _D'Am._ Slain! You lie!
  Sebastian! Speak, Sebastian! He's lost
  His hearing. A physician presently.
  Go, call a surgeon.

  _Rous._ O--oh! [_Within._

  _D'Am._ What groan was that?
  How does my elder son? The sound came from
  His chamber.

  _Ser._ He went sick to bed, my lord.

  _Rous._ O--oh! [_Within._

  _D'Am._ The cries of mandrakes never touched the ear
  With more sad horror than that voice does mine.

   _Enter_ a Servant _running._

  _Ser._ Never you will see your son alive--

  _D'Am._ Nature forbid I e'er should see him dead.
  [_A bed drawn forth with_ ROUSARD _on it._
  Withdraw the curtains. O how does my son?

  _Ser._ Methinks he's ready to give up the ghost.

  _D'Am._ Destruction take thee and thy fatal tongue.
  Dead! where's the doctor?--Art not thou the face
  Of that prodigious apparition stared upon
  Me in my dream?

  _Ser._ The doctor's come, my lord.

   _Enter_ Doctor.

  _D'Am._ Doctor, behold two patients in whose cure
  Thy skill may purchase an eternal fame.
  If thou'st any reading in Hippocrates,
  Galen, or Avicen; if herbs, or drugs,
  Or minerals have any power to save,
  Now let thy practice and their sovereign use
  Raise thee to wealth and honour.

  _Doct._ If any root of life remains within 'em
  Capable of physic, fear 'em not, my lord.

  _Rous._ O--oh!

  _D'Am._ His gasping sighs are like the falling noise
  Of some great building when the groundwork breaks.
  On these two pillars stood the stately frame
  And architecture of my lofty house.
  An earthquake shakes 'em. The foundation shrinks.
  Dear Nature, in whose honour I have raised
  A work of glory to posterity,
  O bury not the pride of that great action
  Under the fall and mine of itself.

  _Doct._ My lord, these bodies are deprived of all
  The radical ability of Nature.
  The heat of life is utterly extinguished.
  Nothing remains within the power of man
  That can restore them.

  _D'Am._ Take this gold, extract
  The spirit of it, and inspire new life
  Into their bodies.

  _Doct._ Nothing can, my lord.

  _D'Am._ You ha' not yet examined the true state
  And constitution of their bodies. Sure
  You ha' not. I'll reserve their waters till
  The morning. Questionless, their urines will
  Inform you better.

  _Doct._ Ha, ha, ha!

  _D'Am._ Dost laugh,
  Thou villain? Must my wisdom that has been
  The object of men's admiration now
  Become the subject of thy laughter?

  _Rou._ O--oh! [_Dies._

  _All._ He's dead.

  _D'Am._ O there expires the date
  Of my posterity! Can nature be
  So simple or malicious to destroy
  The reputation of her proper memory?
  She cannot. Sure there is some power above
  Her that controls her force.

  _Doct._ A power above
  Nature? Doubt you that, my lord? Consider but
  Whence man receives his body and his form.
  Not from corruption like some worms and flies,
  But only from the generation of
  A man. For Nature never did bring forth
  A man without a man; nor could the first
  Man, being but the passive subject, not
  The active mover, be the maker of
  Himself. So of necessity there must
  Be a superior power to Nature.

  _D'Am._ Now to myself I am ridiculous.
  Nature, thou art a traitor to my soul.
  Thou hast abused my trust. I will complain
  To a superior court to right my wrong.
  I'll prove thee a forger of false assurances.
  In yon Star Chamber thou shalt answer it.
  Withdraw the bodies. O the sense of death
  Begins to trouble my distracted soul. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE II.--_A Hall of justice. A scaffold at one end._

   _Enter_ Judges _and_ Officers.

  _1st Judge._ Bring forth the malefactors to the bar.


  Are you the gentlewoman in whose house
  The murders were committed?

  _Cata._ Yes, my lord.

  _1st Judge._ That worthy attribute of gentry which
  Your habit draws from ignorant respect
  Your name deserves not, nor yourself the name
  Of woman, since you are the poison that
  Infects the honour of all womanhood.

  _Cata._ My lord, I am a gentlewoman; yet
  I must confess my poverty compels
  My life to a condition lower than
  My birth or breeding.

  _2nd Judge._ Tush, we know your birth.

  _1st Judge._ But, under colour to profess the sale
  Of tires and toys for gentlewomen's pride,
  You draw a frequentation of men's wives
  To your licentious house, and there abuse
  Their husbands.--

  _Fres._ Good my lord, her rent is great.
  The good gentlewoman has no other thing
  To live by but her lodgings. So she's forced
  To let her fore-rooms out to others, and
  Herself contented to lie backwards.

  _2nd Judge._ So.

  _1st Judge._ Here is no evidence accuses you
  For accessories to the murder, yet
  Since from the spring of lust, which you preserved
  And nourished, ran the effusion of that blood,
  Your punishment shall come as near to death
  As life can bear it. Law cannot inflict
  Too much severity upon the cause
  Of such abhorred effects.

  _2nd Judge._ Receive your sentence.
  Your goods (since they were gotten by that means
  Which brings diseases) shall be turned to the use
  Of hospitals. You carted through the streets
  According to the common shame of strumpets,
  Your bodies whipped, till with the loss of blood
  You faint under the hand of punishment.
  Then that the necessary force of want
  May not provoke you to your former life,
  You shall be set to painful labour, whose
  Penurious gains shall only give you food
  To hold up Nature, mortify your flesh,
  And make you fit for a repentant end.

  _All._ O good my lord!

  _1st Judge._ No more. Away with 'em. [_Exeunt_ CATAPLASMA, SOQUETTE,
  _and_ FRESCO.


  _2nd Judge._ Now, Monsieur Snuffe! A man of your profession
  Found in a place of such impiety!

  _Lang._ I grant you. The place is full of impurity. So much the more
  need of instruction and reformation. The purpose that carried me
  thither was with the spirit of conversion to purify their uncleanness,
  and I hope your lordship will say the law cannot take hold o' me for

  _1st Judge._ No, sir, it cannot; but yet give me leave
  To tell you that I hold your wary answer
  Rather premeditated for excuse
  Then spoken out of a religious purpose.
  Where took you your degrees of scholarship?

  _Lang._ I am no scholar, my lord. To speak the sincere truth, I am
  Snuffe the tallow-chandler.

  _2nd Judge._ How comes your habits to be altered thus?

  _Lang._ My Lord Belforest, taking a delight in the cleanness of my
  conversation, withdrew me from that unclean life and put me in a
  garment fit for his society, and my present profession.

  _1st Judge._ His lordship did but paint a rotten post,
  Or cover foulness fairly. Monsieur Snuffe,
  Back to your candle-making! You may give
  The world more light with that, than either with
  Instruction or the example of your life.

  _Lang._ Thus the Snuffe is put out. [_Exit._

   _Enter_ D'AMVILLE _distractedly with the hearses of his two_ Sons
   _borne after him._

  _D'Am._ Judgment! Judgment!

  _2nd Judge._ Judgment, my lord, in what?

  _D'Am._ Your judgment must resolve me in a case.
  Bring in the bodies. Nay, I'll ha' it tried.
  This is the case, my lord. By providence,
  Even in a moment, by the only hurt
  Of one, or two, or three at most, and those
  Put quickly out o' pain, too, mark me, I
  Had wisely raised a competent estate
  To my posterity. And is there not
  More wisdom and more charity in that
  Than for your lordship, or your father, or
  Your grandsire to prolong the torment and
  The rack of rent from age to age upon
  Your poor penurious tenants, yet perhaps
  Without a penny profit to your heir?
  Is't not more wise? more charitable? Speak.

  _1st Judge._ He is distracted.

  _D'Am._ How? distracted? Then
  You ha' no judgment. I can give you sense
  And solid reason for the very least
  Distinguishable syllable I speak.
  Since my thrift
  Was more judicious than your grandsires', why
  I would fain know why your lordship lives to make
  A second generation from your father,
  And the whole fry of my posterity
  Extinguished in a moment. Not a brat
  Left to succeed me.--I would fain know that.

  _2nd Judge._ Grief for his children's death distempers him.

  _1st Judge._ My lord, we will resolve you of your question.[176]
  In the meantime vouchsafe your place with us.

  _D'Am._ I am contented, so you will resolve me.


  _2nd Judge._ Now, Monsieur Charlemont, you are accused
  Of having murdered one Borachio, that
  Was servant to my Lord D'Amville. How can
  You clear yourself? Guilty or not guilty?

  _Charl._ Guilty of killing him, but not of murder.
  My lords, I have no purpose to desire
  Remission for myself.--
  [D'AMVILLE _descends to_ CHARLEMONT.

  _D'Am._ Uncivil boy!
  Thou want'st humanity to smile at grief.
  Why dost thou cast a cheerful eye upon
  The object of my sorrow--my dead sons?

  _1st Judge._ O good my lord, let charity forbear
  To vex the spirit of a dying man.
  A cheerful eye upon the face of death
  Is the true countenance of a noble mind.
  For honour's sake, my lord, molest it not.

  _D'Am._ Y'are all uncivil. O! is't not enough
  That he unjustly hath conspired with Fate
  To cut off my posterity, for him
  To be the heir to my possessions, but
  He must pursue me with his presence.
  And, in the ostentation of his joy,
  Laugh in my face and glory in my grief?

  _Charl._ D'Amville, to show thee with what light respect
  I value death and thy insulting pride,
  Thus, like a warlike navy on the sea,
  Bound for the conquest of some wealthy land,
  Passed through the stormy troubles of this life,
  And now arrived upon the armèd coast
  In expectation of the victory
  Whose honour lies beyond this exigent,[177]
  Through mortal danger, with an active spirit
  Thus I aspire to undergo my death.
  [_Leaps up the scaffold._ CASTABELLA _leaps after him._

  _Cast._ And thus I second thy brave enterprise.
  Be cheerful, Charlemont. Our lives cut off
  In our young prime of years are like green herbs
  Wherewith we strew the hearses of our friends.
  For, as their virtue, gathered when they are green,
  Before they wither or corrupt, is best;
  So we in virtue are the best for death
  While yet we have not lived to such an age
  That the increasing canker of our sins
  Hath spread too far upon us.--

  _D'Am._ A boon, my lords,
  I beg a boon.

  _1st Judge._ What's that, my lord?

  _D'Am._ His body when 'tis dead
  For an anatomy.[178]

  _2nd Judge._ For what, my lord?

  _D'Am._ Your understanding still comes short o' mine.
  I would find out by his anatomy
  What thing there is in Nature more exact
  Than in the constitution of myself.
  Methinks my parts and my dimensions are
  As many, as large, as well composed as his;
  And yet in me the resolution wants
  To die with that assurance as he does.
  The cause of that in his anatomy
  I would find out.

  _1st Judge._ Be patient and you shall.

  _D'Am._ I have bethought me of a better way.
  --Nephew, we must confer.--Sir, I am grown
  A wondrous student now o' late. My wit
  Has reached beyond the scope of Nature, yet
  For all my learning I am still to seek
  From whence the peace of conscience should proceed.

  _Charl._ The peace of conscience rises in itself.

  _D'Am._ Whether it be thy art or nature, I
  Admire thee, Charlemont. Why, thou hast taught
  A woman to be valiant. I will beg
  Thy life.--My lords, I beg my nephew's life.
  I'll make thee my physician. Thou shalt read
  Philosophy to me. I will find out
  The efficient cause of a contented mind.
  But if I cannot profit in't, then 'tis
  No more good being my physician,
  But infuse
  A little poison in a potion when
  Thou giv'st me physic, unawares to me.
  So I shall steal into my grave without
  The understanding or the fear of death.
  And that's the end I aim at. For the thought
  Of death is a most fearful torment; is it not?

  _2nd Judge._ Your lordship interrupts the course of law.

  _1st Judge._ Prepare to die.

  _Charl._ My resolution's made.
  But ere I die, before this honoured bench,
  With the free voice of a departing soul,
  I here protest this gentlewoman clear
  Of all offence the law condemns her for.

  _Cast._ I have accused myself. The law wants power
  To clear me. My dear Charlemont, with thee
  I will partake of all thy punishments.

  _Charl._ Uncle, for all the wealthy benefits
  My death advances you, grant me but this:
  Your mediation for the guiltless life
  Of Castabella, whom your conscience knows
  As justly clear as harmless innocence.

  _D'Am._ Freely. My mediation for her life
  And all my interest in the world to boot;
  Let her but in exchange possess me of
  The resolution that she dies withal.
  --The price of things is best known in their want.
  Had I her courage, so I value it:
  The Indies should not buy't out o' my hands.

  _Charl._ Give me a glass of water.

  _D'Am._ Me of wine.--
  This argument of death congeals my blood.
  Cold fear, with apprehension of thy end,
  Hath frozen up the rivers of my veins.--
  [Servant _brings him a glass of wine._
  I must drink wine to warm me and dissolve
  The obstruction; or an apoplexy will
  Possess me.--Why, thou uncharitable knave,
  Dost thou bring me blood to drink? The very glass
  Looks pale and trembles at it.

  _Ser._ 'Tis your hand, my lord.

  _D'Am._ Canst blame me to be fearful, bearing still
  The presence of a murderer about me?
  [Servant _gives_ CHARLEMONT _a glass of water._

  _Charl._ Is this water?

  _Ser._ Water, sir.

  _Charl._ Come, thou clear emblem of cool temperance,
  Be thou my witness that I use no art
  To force my courage nor have need of helps
  To raise my spirits, like those of weaker men
  Who mix their blood with wine, and out of that
  Adulterate conjunction do beget
  A bastard valour. Native courage, thanks.
  Thou lead'st me soberly to undertake
  This great hard work of magnanimity.

  _D'Am._ Brave Charlemont, at the reflexion of
  Thy courage my cold fearful blood takes fire,
  And I begin to emulate thy death.
  [Executioner _comes forward._
  --Is that thy executioner? My lords,
  You wrong the honour of so high a blood
  To let him suffer by so base a hand.

  _Judges._ He suffers by the form of law, my lord.

  _D'Am._ I will reform it. Down, you shag-haired cur.[179]
  The instrument that strikes my nephew's blood
  Shall be as noble as his blood. I'll be
  Thy executioner myself.

  _1st Judge._ Restrain his fury. Good my lord, forbear.

  _D'Am._ I'll butcher out the passage of his soul
  That dares attempt to interrupt the blow.

  _2nd Judge._ My lord, the office will impress a mark
  Of scandal and dishonour on your name.

  _Charl._ The office fits him: hinder not his hand,
  But let him crown my resolution with
  An unexampled dignity of death.
  Strike home. Thus I submit me.
  [_Is made ready for execution._

  _Cast._ So do I.
  In scorn of death thus hand in hand we die.

  _D'Am._ I ha' the trick on't, nephew. You shall see
  How easily I can put you out of pain.--Oh!
  [_As he raises up the axe he strikes out his own
  brains, and staggers off the scaffold._

  _Exe._ In lifting up the axe
  I think he's knocked his brains out.

  _D'Am._ What murderer was he that lifted up
  My hand against my head?

  _1st Judge._ None but yourself, my lord.

  _D'Am._ I thought he was a murderer that did it.

  _1st Judge._ God forbid!

  _D'Am._ Forbid? You lie, judge. He commanded it.
  To tell thee that man's wisdom is a fool.
  I came to thee for judgment, and thou think'st
  Thyself a wise man, I outreached thy wit
  And made thy justice murder's instrument,
  In Castabella's death and in Charlemont's,
  To crown my murder of Montferrers with
  A safe possession of his wealthy state.

  _Charl._ I claim the just advantage of his words.

  _2nd Judge._ Descend the scaffold and attend the rest.

  _D'Am._ There was the strength of natural understanding.
  But Nature is a fool. There is a power
  Above her that hath overthrown the pride
  Of all my projects and posterity,
  For whose surviving blood
  I had erected a proud monument,
  And struck 'em dead before me, for whose deaths
  I called to thee for judgment. Thou didst want
  Discretion for the sentence. But yon power
  That struck me knew the judgment I deserved,
  And gave it.--O! the lust of death commits
  A rape upon me as I would ha' done
  On Castabella. [_Dies_.

  _1st Judge._ Strange is his death and judgment.
  With the hands
  Of joy and justice I thus set you free.
  The power of that eternal providence
  Which overthrew his projects in their pride
  Hath made your griefs the instruments to raise
  Your blessings to a higher height than ever.

  _Charl._ Only to Heaven I attribute the work,
  Whose gracious motives made me still forbear
  To be mine own revenger. Now I see
  That patience is the honest man's revenge.

  _1st Judge._ Instead of Charlemont that but e'en now
  Stood ready to be dispossessed of all,
  I now salute you with more titles both
  Of wealth and dignity, than you were born to.
  And you, sweet madam, Lady of Belforest,
  You have the title by your father's death.

  _Cast._ With all the titles due to me, increase
  The wealth and honour of my Charlemont,
  Lord of Montferrers, Lord D'Amville Belforest,--
  And for a close to make up all the rest--
  [_Embraces_ CHARLEMONT.
  The Lord of Castabella. Now at last
  Enjoy the full possession of my love,
  As clear and pure as my first chastity.

  _Charl._ The crown of all my blessings!--I will tempt
  My stars no longer, nor protract my time
  Of marriage. When those nuptial rites are done,
  I will perform my kinsmen's funeral.

  _1st Judge._ The drums and trumpets! Interchange the sounds
  Of death and triumph.  For these honoured lives,
  Succeeding their deservèd tragedies.

  _Charl._ Thus, by the work of heaven, the men that thought
  To follow our dead bodies without tears
  Are dead themselves, and now we follow theirs.


  This play was entered on the stationers' books in 1607, and was
  sometimes called _The Loyal Brother_. There are two quarto editions
  of it, one dated 1607 and one 1608, and from the care with which the
  text is printed it is probable that the author revised the proofs. The
  play has several times been reprinted. Tourneur's plots have no known



  LUSSURIOSO, the Duke's Son.

  SPURIO, a Bastard.

  AMBITIOSO, the Duchess' Eldest Son.

  SUPERVACUO, the Duchess' Second Son.

  The Duchess' Youngest Son.

  VENDICE, disguised as PIATO,
  HIPPOLITO, also called CARLO,
  Brothers of CASTIZA.


  Judges, Nobles, Gentlemen, Officers, Keeper, Servants.







  SCENE I.--_Near the House of_ GRATIANA.

   train, pass over the stage with torchlight._

  _Ven._ Duke! royal lecher! go, grey-haired adultery!
  And thou his son, as impious steeped as he:
  And thou his bastard, true begot in evil:
  And thou his duchess, that will do with devil:
  Four excellent characters! O, that marrowless age
  Should stuff the hollow bones with damned desires!
  And, 'stead of heat, kindle infernal fires
  Within the spendthrift veins of a dry duke,
  A parched and juiceless luxur.[181] O God! one,
  That has scarce blood enough to live upon;
  And he to riot it, like a son and heir!
  O, the thought of that
  Turns my abusèd heart-strings into fret.
  Thou sallow picture of my poisoned love,
  [_Views the skull in his hand._
  My study's ornament, thou shell of death,
  Once the bright face of my betrothèd lady,
  When life and beauty naturally filled out
  These ragged imperfections;
  When two heaven-pointed diamonds were set
  In those unsightly rings--then 'twas a face
  So far beyond the artificial shine
  Of any woman's bought complexion
  That the uprightest man (if such there be,
  That sin but seven times a day) broke custom,
  And made up eight with looking after her.
  O, she was able to ha' made a usurer's son
  Melt all his patrimony in a kiss;
  And what his father fifty years[182] told,
  To have consumed, and yet his suit been cold.
  But, O accursèd palace!
  Thee, when thou wert apparelled in thy flesh,
  The old duke poisoned,
  Because thy purer part would not consent
  Unto his palsied lust; for old men lustful
  Do show like young men angry, eager, violent,
  Outbidden like their limited performances.
  O, 'ware an old man hot and vicious!
  "Age, as in gold, in lust is covetous."
  Vengeance, thou murder's quit-rent, and whereby
  Thou show'st thyself tenant to tragedy;
  O keep thy day, hour, minute, I beseech,
  For those thou hast determined. Hum! who e'er knew
  Murder unpaid? faith, give revenge her due,
  She has kept touch hitherto: be merry, merry,
  Advance thee, O thou terror to fat folks,
  To have their costly three-piled flesh worn off
  As bare as this; for banquets, ease, and laughter
  Can make great men, as greatness goes by clay;
  But wise men little are more great than they.

   _Enter_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Hip_. Still sighing o'er death's vizard?

  _Ven._ Brother, welcome!
  What comfort bring'st thou? how go things at court?

  _Hip._ In silk and silver, brother: never braver.

  _Ven._ Pooh!
  Thou play'st upon my meaning. Prythee, say,
  Has that bald madam, Opportunity,
  Yet thought upon's? speak, are we happy yet?
  Thy wrongs and mine are for one scabbard fit.

  _Hip._ It may prove happiness.

  _Ven._ What is't may prove?
  Give me to taste.

  _Hip._ Give me your hearing, then.
  You know my place at court?

  _Ven._ Ay, the duke's chamber!
  But 'tis a marvel thou'rt not turned out yet!

  _Hip._ Faith, I've been shoved at; but 'twas still my hap
  To hold by the duchess' skirt: you guess at that:
  Whom such a coat keeps up, can ne'er fall flat.
  But to the purpose--
  Last evening, predecessor unto this,
  The duke's son warily inquired for me,
  Whose pleasure I attended: he began
  By policy to open and unhusk me
  About the time and common rumour:
  But I had so much wit to keep my thoughts
  Up in their built houses; yet afforded him
  An idle satisfaction without danger.
  But the whole aim and scope of his intent
  Ended in this: conjuring me in private
  To seek some strange-digested fellow forth,
  Of ill-contented nature; either disgraced
  In former times, or by new grooms displaced,
  Since his step-mother's nuptials; such a blood,
  A man that were for evil only good--
  To give you the true word, some base-coined pander.

  _Ven._ I reach you; for I know his heat is such,
  Were there as many concubines as ladies,
  He would not be contained; he must fly out.
  I wonder how ill-featured, vile-proportioned,
  That one should be, if she were made for woman,
  Whom, at the insurrection of his lust,
  He would refuse for once. Heart! I think none.
  Next to a skull, though more unsound than one,
  Each face he meets he strongly doats upon.

  _Hip._ Brother, y' have truly spoke him.
  He knows not you, but I will swear you know him.

  _Ven._ And therefore I'll put on that knave for once,
  And be a right man then, a man o' the time;
  For to be honest is not to be i' the world,
  Brother, I'll be that strange-composèd fellow.

  _Hip._ And I'll prefer you, brother.

  _Ven._ Go to, then:
  The smallest advantage fattens wronged men:
  It may point but occasion; if I meet her,
  I'll hold her by the foretop fast enough;
  Or, like the French mole,[183] heave up hair and all.
  I have a habit that will fit it quaintly.
  Here comes our mother.

  _Hip._ And sister.

  _Ven._ We must coin:
  Women are apt, you know, to take false money;
  But I dare stake my soul for these two creatures;
  Only excuse excepted, that they'll swallow,
  Because their sex is easy in belief.

   _Enter_ GRATIANA _and_ CASTIZA.

  _Gra._ What news from court, son Carlo?

  _Hip._ Faith, mother,
  'Tis whispered there the duchess' youngest son
  Has played a rape on Lord Antonio's wife.

  _Gra._ On that religious lady!

  _Cas._ Royal blood monster! he deserves to die,
  If Italy had no more hopes but he.

  _Ven._ Sister, y' have sentenced most direct and true,
  The law's a woman, and would she were you.
  Mother, I must take leave of you.

  _Gra._ Leave for what?

  _Ven._ I intend speedy travel.

  _Hip._ That he does, madam.

  _Gra._ Speedy indeed!

  _Ven._ For since my worthy father's funeral,
  My life's unnaturally to me, e'en compelled;
  As if I lived now, when I should be dead.

  _Gra._ Indeed, he was a worthy gentleman,
  Had his estate been fellow to his mind.

  _Ven._ The duke did much deject him.

  _Gra._ Much?

  _Ven._ Too much:
  And though disgrace oft smothered in his spirit,
  When it would mount, surely I think he died
  Of discontent, the noble man's consumption.

  _Gra._ Most sure he did.

  _Ven._ Did he, 'lack? you know all:--
  You were his midnight secretary.

  _Gra._ No,
  He was too wise to trust me with his thoughts.

  _Ven._ I' faith, then, father, thou wast wise indeed;
  "Wives are but made to go to bed and feed."
  Come, mother, sister: you'll bring me onward, brother?

  _Hip._ I will.

  _Ven._ I'll quickly turn into another.
  [_Aside. Exeunt._

  SCENE II.--_A Hall of Justice._

   SUPERVACUO; _the_ DUCHESS' Youngest Son _brought out by_ Officers.
   _Two_ Judges.

  _Duke._ Duchess, it is your youngest son, we're sorry
  His violent act has e'en drawn blood of honour,
  And stained our honours;
  Thrown ink upon the forehead of our state;
  Which envious spirits will dip their pens into
  After our death; and blot us in our tombs:
  For that which would seem treason in our lives
  Is laughter, when we're dead. Who dares now whisper,
  That dares not then speak out, and e'en proclaim
  With loud words and broad pens our closest shame?

  _1st Judge._ Your grace hath spoke like to your silver years,
  Full of confirmèd gravity; for what is it to have
  A flattering false insculption on a tomb,
  And in men's hearts reproach? the bowelled[184] corpse
  May be seared in, but (with free tongue I speak)
  The faults of great men through their sear-cloths break.

  _Duke._ They do; we're sorry for't: it is our fate
  To live in fear, and die to live in hate.
  I leave him to your sentence; doom him, lords--
  The fact is great--whilst I sit by and sigh.

  _Duch._ My gracious lord, I pray be merciful:
  Although his trespass far exceed his years,
  Think him to be your own, as I am yours;
  Call him not son-in-law: the law, I fear,
  Will fall too soon upon his name and him:
  Temper his fault with pity.

  _Lus._ Good my lord,
  Then 'twill not taste so bitter and unpleasant
  Upon the judges' palate; for offences,
  Gilt o'er with mercy, show like fairest women,
  Good only for their beauties, which washed off,
  No sin is uglier.

  _Amb._ I beseech your grace,
  Be soft and mild; let not relentless law
  Look with an iron forehead on our brother.

  _Spu._ He yields small comfort yet; hope he shall die;
  And if a bastard's wish might stand in force,
  Would all the court were turned into a corse! [_Aside._

  _Duch._ No pity yet? must I rise fruitless then?
  A wonder in a woman! are my knees
  Of such low metal, that without respect--

  _Judge._ Let the offender stand forth:
  'Tis the duke's pleasure that impartial doom
  Shall take fast hold of his unclean attempt.
  A rape! why 'tis the very core of lust--
  Double adultery.

  _Y. Son._ So, sir.

  _2nd Judge._ And which was worse,
  Committed on the Lord Antonio's wife,
  That general-honest lady. Confess, my lord,
  What moved you to't?

  _Y. Son._ Why, flesh and blood, my lord;
  What should move men unto a woman else?

  _Lus._ O, do not jest thy doom! trust not an axe
  Or sword too far: the law is a wise serpent,
  And quickly can beguile thee of thy life.
  Though marriage only has made thee my brother,
  I love thee so far: play not with thy death.

  _Y. Son._ I thank you, troth; good admonitions, faith,
  If I'd the grace now to make use of them.

  _1st Judge._ That lady's name has spread such a fair wing
  Over all Italy, that if our tongues
  Were sparing toward the fact, judgment itself
  Would be condemned, and suffer in men's thoughts.

  _Y. Son._ Well then, 'tis done; and it would please me well,
  Were it to do again: sure, she's a goddess,
  For I'd no power to see her, and to live.
  It falls out true in this, for I must die;
  Her beauty was ordained to be my scaffold.
  And yet, methinks, I might be easier 'sessed:
  My fault being sport, let me but die in jest.

  _1st Judge._ This be the sentence--

  _Duch._ O, keep't upon your tongue; let it not slip;
  Death too soon steals out of a lawyer's lip.
  Be not so cruel-wise!

  _1st Judge._ Your grace must pardon us;
  'Tis but the justice of the law.

  _Duch._ The law
  Is grown more subtle than a woman should be.

  _Spu._ Now, now he dies! rid 'em away. [_Aside._

  _Duch._ O, what it is to have an old cool duke,
  To be as slack in tongue as in performance! [_Aside._

  _1st Judge._ Confirmed, this be the doom irrevocable.

  _Duch._ O!

  _1st Judge._ To-morrow early--

  _Duch._ Pray be abed, my lord.

  _1st Judge._ Your grace much wrongs yourself.

  _Amb._ No, 'tis that tongue:
  Your too much right does do us too much wrong.

  _1st Judge._ Let that offender--

  _Duch._ Live, and be in health.

  _1st Judge._ Be on a scaffold--

  _Duke._ Hold, hold, my lord!

  _Spu._ Pox on't,
  What makes my dad speak now? [_Aside._

  _Duke._ We will defer the judgment till next sitting:
  In the meantime, let him be kept close prisoner.
  Guard, bear him hence.

  _Amb._ Brother, this makes for thee;
  Fear not, we'll have a trick to set thee free. [_Aside._

  _Y. Son._ Brother, I will expect it from you both;
  And in that hope I rest. [_Aside._

  _Sup._ Farewell, be merry. [_Exit with a_ Guard.

  _Spu._ Delayed! deferred! nay then, if judgment have cold blood,
  Flattery and bribes will kill it.

  _Duke._ About it, then, my lords, with your best powers:
  More serious business calls upon our hours.
  [_Exeunt, excepting the_ DUCHESS.

  _Duch._ Was't ever known step-duchess was so mild
  And calm as I? some now would plot his death
  With easy doctors, those loose-living men,
  And make his withered grace fall to his grave,
  And keep church better.
  Some second wife would do this, and despatch
  Her double-loathèd lord at meat or sleep.
  Indeed, 'tis true, an old man's twice a child;
  Mine cannot speak; one of his single words
  Would quite have freed my youngest dearest son
  From death or durance, and have made him walk
  With a bold foot upon the thorny law,
  Whose prickles should bow under him; but 'tis not,
  And therefore wedlock-faith shall be forgot:
  I'll kill him in his forehead; hate, there feed;
  That wound is deepest, though it never bleed.
  And here comes he whom my heart points unto,
  His bastard son, but my love's true-begot;
  Many a wealthy letter have I sent him,
  Swelled up with jewels, and the timorous man
  Is yet but coldly kind.
  That jewel's mine that quivers in his ear,
  Mocking his master's chillness and vain fear.
  He has spied me now!

   _Enter_ SPURIO.

  _Spu._ Madam, your grace so private?
  My duty on your hand.

  _Duch._ Upon my hand, sir! troth, I think you'd fear
  To kiss my hand too; if my lip stood there.

  _Spu._ Witness I would not, madam. [_Kisses her._

  _Duch._ 'Tis a wonder;
  For ceremony has made many fools!
  It is as easy way unto a duchess,
  As to a hatted dame,[185] if her love answer:
  But that by timorous honours, pale respects,
  Idle degrees of fear, men make their ways
  Hard of themselves. What, have you thought of me?

  _Spu._ Madam, I ever think of you in duty,
  Regard, and--

  _Duch._ Pooh! upon my love, I mean.

  _Spu._ I would 'twere love; but 'tis a fouler name
  Than lust: you are my father's wife--your grace may guess now
  What I could call it.

  _Duch._ Why, th' art his son but falsely;
  'Tis a hard question whether he begot thee.

  _Spu._ I' faith, 'tis true: I'm an uncertain man
  Of more uncertain woman. Maybe, his groom
  O' the stable begot me; you know I know not!
  He could ride a horse well, a shrewd suspicion, marry!--
  He was wondrous tall: he had his length, i' faith.
  For peeping over half-shut holyday windows,
  Men would desire him light. When he was afoot.
  He made a goodly show under a pent-house;
  And when he rid, his hat would check the signs,
  And clatter barbers' basons.

  _Duch._ Nay; set you a-horseback once,
  You'll ne'er light off.[186]

  _Spu._ Indeed, I am a beggar.

  _Duch._ That's the more sign thou'rt great.--
  But to our love:
  Let it stand firm both in thy thought and mind,
  That the duke was thy father, as no doubt then
  He bid fair for't--thy injury is the more;
  For had he cut thee a right diamond,
  Thou had'st been next set in the dukedom's ring,
  When his worn self, like age's easy slave,
  Had dropped out of the collet[187] into th' grave.
  What wrong can equal this? canst thou be tame,
  And think upon't?

  _Spu._ No, mad, and think upon't.

  _Duch._ Who would not be revenged of such a father,
  E'en in the worst way? I would thank that sin,
  That could most injure him, and be in league with it.
  O, what a grief 'tis that a man should live
  But once i' the world, and then to live a bastard--
  The curse o' the womb, the thief of nature,
  Begot against the seventh commandment,
  Half-damned in the conception by the justice
  Of that unbribèd everlasting law.

  _Spu._ O, I'd a hot-backed devil to my father.

  _Duch._ Would not this mad e'en patience, make blood rough?
  Who but an eunuch would not sin? his bed,
  By one false minute disinherited.

  _Spu._ Ay, there's the vengeance that my birth was wrapped in!
  I'll be revenged for all: now, hate, begin;
  I'll call foul incest but a venial sin.

  _Duch._ Cold still! in vain then must a duchess woo?

  _Spu._ Madam, I blush to say what I will do.

  _Duch._ Thence flew sweet comfort. Earnest, and farewell. [_Kisses him._

  _Spu._ O, one incestuous kiss picks open hell.

  _Duch._ Faith, now, old duke, my vengeance shall reach high,
  I'll arm thy brow with woman's heraldry. [_Exit._

  _Spu._ Duke, thou didst do me wrong; and, by thy act
  Adultery is my nature.
  Faith, if the truth were known, I was begot
  After some gluttonous dinner; some stirring dish
  Was my first father, when deep healths went round,
  And ladies' cheeks were painted red with wine,
  Their tongues, as short and nimble as their heels,
  Uttering words sweet and thick; and when they rose,
  Were merrily disposed to fall again,
  In such a whispering and withdrawing hour,
  When base male-bawds kept sentinel at stair-head,
  Was I stol'n softly. O damnation meet![188]
  The sin of feasts, drunken adultery!
  I feel it swell me; my revenge is just!
  I was begot in impudent wine and lust.
  Step-mother, I consent to thy desires;
  I love thy mischief well; but I hate thee
  And those three cubs thy sons, wishing confusion,
  Death and disgrace may be their epitaphs.
  As for my brother, the duke's only son,
  Whose birth is more beholding to report
  Than mine, and yet perhaps as falsely sown
  (Women must not be trusted with their own),
  I'll loose my days upon him, hate-all-I;
  Duke, on thy brow I'll draw my bastardy:
  For indeed a bastard by nature should make cuckolds,
  Because he is the son of a cuckold-maker. [_Exit._

  SCENE III.--_A part of the City._

   _Enter_ VENDICE _in disguise and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Ven._ What, brother, am I far enough from myself?

  _Hip._ As if another man had been sent whole
  Into the world, and none wist how he came.

  _Ven._ It will confirm me bold--the child o' the court;
  Let blushes dwell i' the country. Impudence!
  Thou goddess of the palace, mistress of mistresses,
  To whom the costly perfumed people pray,
  Strike thou my forehead into dauntless marble,
  Mine eyes to steady sapphires. Turn my visage;
  And, if I must needs glow, let me blush inward,
  That this immodest season may not spy
  That scholar in my cheeks, fool bashfulness;
  That maid in the old time, whose flush of grace
  Would never suffer her to get good clothes.
  Our maids are wiser, and are less ashamed;
  Save Grace the bawd, I seldom hear grace named!

  _Hip._ Nay, brother, you reach out o' the verge now;--
  'Sfoot, the duke's son! settle your looks.

  _Ven._ Pray, let me not be doubted.

  _Hip._ My lord--

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO.

  _Lus._ Hippolito--be absent, leave us!

  _Hip._ My lord, after long search, wary inquiries,
  And politic siftings, I made choice of yon fellow,
  Whom I guess rare for many deep employments:
  This our age swims within him; and if Time
  Had so much hair, I should take him for Time,
  He is so near kin to this present minute.

  _Lus._ 'Tis enough;
  We thank thee: yet words are but great men's blanks;[189]
  Gold, though it be dumb, does utter the best thanks.
  [_Gives him money._

  _Hip._ Your plenteous honour! an excellent fellow, my lord.

  _Lus._ So, give us leave. [_Exit_ HIPPOLITO.] Welcome, be not far off;
  we must be better acquainted: pish, be bold with us--thy hand.

  _Ven._ With all my heart, i' faith: how dost, sweet musk-cat?
  When shall we lie together?

  _Lus._ Wondrous knave,
  Gather him into boldness! 'sfoot, the slave's
  Already as familiar as an ague,
  And shakes me at his pleasure. Friend, I can
  Forget myself in private; but elsewhere
  I pray do you remember me.

  _Ven._ O, very well, sir--I conster myself saucy.

  _Lus._ What hast been?
  Of what profession?

  _Ven._ A bone-setter.

  _Lus._ A bone-setter!

  _Ven._ A bawd, my lord--
  One that sets bones together.

  _Lus._ Notable bluntness!
  Fit, fit for me; e'en trained up to my hand:
  Thou hast been scrivener to much knavery, then?

  _Ven._ 'Sfoot, to abundance, sir: I have been witness
  To the surrenders of a thousand virgins:
  And not so little;
  I have seen patrimonies washed a-pieces,
  Fruit-fields turned into bastards,
  And in a world of acres
  Not so much dust due to the heir 'twas left to
  As would well gravel[190] a petition.

  _Lus._ Fine villain! troth, I like him wondrously:
  He's e'en shaped for my purpose. [_Aside._] Then thou know'st
  I' th' world strange lust?

  _Ven._ O Dutch lust! fulsome lust!
  Drunken procreation! which begets so many drunkards
  Some fathers dread not (gone to bed in wine) to slide from the mother,
  And cling[191] the daughter-in-law;
  Some uncles are adulterous with their nieces:
  Brothers with brothers' wives. O hour of incest!
  Any kin now, next to the rim o' th' sister,
  Is men's meat in these days; and in the morning,
  When they are up and dressed, and their mask on,
  Who can perceive this, save that eternal eye,
  That sees through flesh and all? Well, if anything be damned,
  It will be twelve o'clock at night; that twelve
  Will never 'scape;
  It is the Judas of the hours, wherein
  Honest salvation is betrayed to sin.

  _Lus._ In troth, it is true; but let this talk glide.
  It is our blood to err, though hell gape wide.
  Ladies know Lucifer fell, yet still are proud.
  Now, sir, wert thou as secret as thou'rt subtle,
  And deeply fathomed into all estates,
  I would embrace thee for a near employment;
  And thou shouldst swell in money, and be able
  To make lame beggars crouch to thee.

  _Ven._ My lord,
  Secret! I ne'er had that disease o' the mother,
  I praise my father: why are men made close,
  But to keep thoughts in best? I grant you this,
  Tell but some women a secret over night,
  Your doctor may find it in the urinal i' the morning.
  But, my lord--

  _Lus._ So thou'rt confirmed in me,
  And thus I enter thee. [_Gives him money._

  _Ven._ This Indian devil
  Will quickly enter any man but a usurer;
  He prevents that by entering the devil first.

  _Lus._ Attend me. I am past my depth in lust,
  And I must swim or drown. All my desires
  Are levelled at a virgin not far from court,
  To whom I have conveyed by messenger
  Many waxed lines, full of my neatest spirit,
  And jewels that were able to ravish her
  Without the help of man; all which and more
  She (foolish chaste) sent back, the messengers
  Receiving frowns for answers.

  _Ven._ Possible!
  'Tis a rare Phœnix, whoe'er she be.
  If your desires be such, she so repugnant,
  In troth, my lord, I'd be revenged and marry her.

  _Lus._ Pish! the dowry of her blood and of her fortunes
  Are both too mean--good enough to be bad withal.
  I'm one of that number can defend
  Marriage is good; yet rather keep a friend.
  Give me my bed by stealth--there's true delight;
  What breeds a loathing in't, but night by night!

  _Ven._ A very fine religion!

  _Lus._ Therefore thus
  I'll trust thee in the business of my heart;
  Because I see thee well-experienced
  In this luxurious day wherein we breathe.
  Go thou, and with a smooth enchanting tongue
  Bewitch her ears, and cosen her of all grace:
  Enter upon the portion[192] of her soul--
  Her honour, which she calls her chastity,
  And bring it into expense; for honesty
  Is like a stock of money laid to sleep
  Which, ne'er so little broke, does never keep.

  _Ven._ You have gi'en't the tang,[193] i' faith, my lord:
  Make known the lady to me, and my brain
  Shall swell with strange invention: I will move it,
  Till I expire with speaking, and drop down
  Without a word to save me--but I'll work--

  _Lus._ We thank thee, and will raise thee.--
  Receive her name; it is the only daughter to Madam
  Gratiana, the late widow.

  _Ven._ O my sister, my sister! [_Aside._

  _Lus._ Why dost walk aside?

  _Ven._ My lord, I was thinking how I might begin:
  As thus, O lady--or twenty hundred devices--
  Her very bodkin will put a man in.

  _Lus._ Ay, or the wagging of her hair.

  _Ven._ No, that shall put you in, my lord.

  _Lus._ Shall't? why, content. Dost know the daughter then?

  _Ven._ O, excellent well by sight.

  _Lus._ That was her brother,
  That did prefer thee to us.

  _Ven._ My lord, I think so;
  I knew I had seen him somewhere--

  _Lus._ And therefore, prythee, let thy heart to him
  Be as a virgin close.

  _Ven._ O my good lord.

  _Lus._ We may laugh at that simple age within him.

  _Ven._ Ha, ha, ha!

  _Lus._ Himself being made the subtle instrument,
  To wind up a good fellow.[194]

  _Ven._ That's I, my lord.

  _Lus._ That's thou,
  To entice and work his sister.

  _Ven._ A pure novice!

  _Lus._ 'Twas finely managed.

  _Ven._ Gallantly carried!
  A pretty perfumed villain!

  _Lus._ I've bethought me,
  If she prove chaste still and immovable,
  Venture upon the mother; and with gifts,
  As I will furnish thee, begin with her.

  _Ven._ O, fie, fie! that's the wrong end my lord. 'Tis mere impossible
  that a mother, by any gifts, should become a bawd to her own daughter!

  _Lus._ Nay, then, I see thou'rt but a puisne[195]
  In the subtle mystery of a woman.
  Why, 'tis held now no dainty dish: the name
  Is so in league with the age, that nowadays
  It does eclipse three quarters of a mother.

  _Ven._ Does it so, my lord?
  Let me alone, then, to eclipse the fourth.

  _Lus._ Why, well-said--come, I'll furnish thee, but first
  Swear to be true in all.

  _Ven._ True!

  _Lus._ Nay, but swear.

  _Ven._ Swear?--I hope your honour little doubts my faith.

  _Lus._ Yet, for my humour's sake, 'cause I love swearing--

  _Ven._ 'Cause you love swearing,--'slud,[196] I will.

  _Lus._ Why, enough!
  Ere long look to be made of better stuff.

  _Ven._ That will do well indeed, my lord.

  _Lus._ Attend me. [_Exit._

  _Ven._ O!
  Now let me burst. I've eaten noble poison;
  We are made strange fellows, brother, innocent villains!
  Wilt not be angry, when thou hear'st on't, think'st thou?
  I' faith, thou shalt: swear me to foul my sister!
  Sword, I durst make a promise of him to thee;
  Thou shalt disheir him; it shall be thine honour.
  And yet, now angry froth is down in me,
  It would not prove the meanest policy,
  In this disguise, to try the faith of both.
  Another might have had the selfsame office;
  Some slave that would have wrought effectually,
  Ay, and perhaps o'erwrought 'em; therefore I,
  Being thought travelled, will apply myself
  Unto the selfsame form, forget my nature,
  As if no part about me were kin to 'em,
  So touch 'em;--though I durst almost for good
  Venture my lands in Heaven upon their blood. [_Exit._

  SCENE IV.--_A Room in_ ANTONIO'S _House._

   _Enter_ ANTONIO, _whose_ Wife _the_ Duchess' Youngest Son _ravished,
   discovering her dead body to_ HIPPOLITO, PIERO, _and_ Lords.

  _Ant._ Draw nearer, lords, and be sad witnesses
  Of a fair comely building newly fallen,
  Being falsely undermined. Violent rape
  Has played a glorious act: behold, my lords,
  A sight that strikes man out of me.

  _Piero._ That virtuous lady!

  _Ant._ Precedent for wives!

  _Hip._ The blush of many women, whose chaste presence
  Would e'en call shame up to their cheeks, and make
  Pale wanton sinners have good colours--

  _Ant._ Dead!
  Her honour first drank poison, and her life,
  Being fellows in one house, did pledge her honour.

  _Piero._ O, grief of many!

  _Ant._ I marked not this before--
  A prayer-book, the pillow to her cheek:
  This was her rich confection; and another
  Placed in her right hand, with a leaf tucked up,
  Pointing to these words;--
  _Melius virtute mori, quam per dedecus vivere:_
  True and effectual it is indeed.

  _Hip._ My lord, since you invite us to your sorrows,
  Let's truly taste 'em, that with equal comfort,
  As to ourselves, we may relieve your wrongs:
  We have grief too, that yet walks without tongue;
  _Curæ leves loquuntur, majores stupent._

  _Ant._ You deal with truth, my lord;
  Lend me but your attentions, and I'll cut
  Long grief into short words. Last revelling night,
  When torch-light made an artificial noon
  About the court, some courtiers in the masque,
  Putting on better faces than their own,
  Being full of fraud and flattery--amongst whom
  The duchess' youngest son (that moth to honour)
  Filled up a room, and with long lust to eat
  Into my warren, amongst all the ladies
  Singled out that dear form, who ever lived
  As cold in lust as she is now in death
  (Which that step-duchess' monster knew too well),
  And therefore in the height of all the revels,
  When music was heard loudest, courtiers busiest,
  And ladies great with laughter--O vicious minute!
  Unfit but for relation to be spoke of:
  Then with a face more impudent than his vizard,
  He harried her amidst a throng of panders,
  That live upon damnation of both kinds,
  And fed the ravenous vulture of his lust.
  O death to think on't! She, her honour forced,
  Deemed it a nobler dowry for her name
  To die with poison than to live with shame.

  _Hip._ A wondrous lady! of rare fire compact;
  She has made her name an empress by that act.

  _Piero._ My lord, what judgment follows the offender?

  _Ant._ Faith, none, my lord; it cools, and is deferred.

  _Piero._ Delay the doom for rape!

  _Ant._ O, you must note who 'tis should die,
  The duchess' son! she'll look to be a saver:
  "Judgment, in this age, is near kin to favour."

  _Hip._ Nay, then, step forth, thou bribeless officer:
  [_Draws his sword._
  I'll bind you all in steel, to bind you surely;
  Here let your oaths meet, to be kept and paid,
  Which else will stick like rust, and shame the blade;
  Strengthen my vow that if, at the next sitting,
  Judgment speak all in gold, and spare the blood
  Of such a serpent, e'en before their seats
  To let his soul out, which long since was found
  Guilty in Heaven--

  _All._ We swear it, and will act it.

  _Ant._ Kind gentlemen, I thank you in mine ire.

  _Hip._ 'Twere pity
  The ruins of so fair a monument
  Should not be dipped in the defacer's blood.

  _Piero._ Her funeral shall be wealthy; for her name
  Merits a tomb of pearl. My Lord Antonio,
  For this time wipe your lady from your eyes;
  No doubt our grief and yours may one day court it,
  When we are more familiar with revenge.

  _Ant._ That is my comfort, gentlemen, and I joy
  In this one happiness above the rest,
  Which will be called a miracle at last;
  That, being an old man, I'd a wife so chaste.


  SCENE I._--A Room in_ GRATIANA'S _House._

   _Enter_ CASTIZA.

  _Cas._ How hardly shall that maiden be beset,
  Whose only fortunes are her constant thoughts!
  That has no other child's part but her honour,
  That keeps her low and empty in estate;
  Maids and their honours are like poor beginners;
  Were not sin rich, there would be fewer sinners;
  Why had not virtue a revenue? Well,
  I know the cause, 'twould have impoverished hell.

   _Enter_ DONDOLO.

  How now, Dondolo?

  _Don._ Madonna, there is one as they say, a thing of flesh and blood--a
  man, I take him by his beard, that would very desirously mouth to mouth
  with you.

  _Cas._ What's that?

  _Don._ Show his teeth in your company.

  _Cas._ I understand thee not.

  _Don._ Why, speak with you, madonna.

  _Cas._ Why, say so, madman, and cut off a great deal of dirty way; had
  it not been better spoke in ordinary words, that one would speak with

  _Don._ Ha, ha! that's as ordinary as two shillings. I would strive a
  little to show myself in my place; a gentleman-usher scorns to use the
  phrase and fancy of a serving-man.

  _Cas._ Yours be your own, sir; go, direct him hither;
  [_Exit_ DONDOLO.
  I hope some happy tidings from my brother,
  That lately travelled, whom my soul affects.
  Here he comes.

   _Enter_ VENDICE, _disguised._

  _Ven._ Lady, the best of wishes to your sex--
  Fair skins and new gowns.

  _Cas._ O, they shall thank you, sir.
  Whence this?

  _Ven._ O, from a dear and worthy mighty friend.

  _Cas._ From whom?

  _Ven._ The duke's son!

  _Cas._ Receive that. [_Boxes his ear._
  I swore I would put anger in my hand,
  And pass the virgin limits of my sex,
  To him that next appeared in that base office,
  To be his sin's attorney. Bear to him
  That figure of my hate upon thy cheek,
  Whilst 'tis yet hot, and I'll reward thee for't;
  Tell him my honour shall have a rich name,
  When several harlots shall share his with shame.
  Farewell; commend me to him in my hate. [_Exit._

  _Ven._ It is the sweetest box that e'er my nose came nigh;
  The finest drawn-work cuff that e'er was worn;
  I'll love this blow for ever, and this cheek
  Shall still henceforward take the wall of this.
  O, I'm above my tongue: most constant sister,
  In this thou hast right honourable shown;
  Many are called by[197] their honour, that have none;
  Thou art approved for ever in my thoughts.
  It is not in the power of words to taint thee.
  And yet for the salvation of my oath,
  As my resolve in that point, I will lay
  Hard siege unto my mother, though I know
  A syren's tongue could not bewitch her so.
  Mass, fitly here she comes! thanks, my disguise--
  Madam, good afternoon.

   _Enter_ GRATIANA.

  _Gra._ Y'are welcome, sir.

  _Ven._ The next[198] of Italy commends him to you,
  Our mighty expectation, the duke's son.

  _Gra._ I think myself much honoured that he pleases
  To rank me in his thoughts.

  _Ven._ So may you, lady:
  One that is like to be our sudden duke;
  The crown gapes for him every tide, and then
  Commander o'er us all; do but think on him,
  How blessed were they, now that could pleasure him--
  E'en with anything almost!

  _Gra._ Ay, save their honour.

  _Ven._ Tut, one would let a little of that go too,
  And ne'er be seen in't--ne'er be seen in't, mark you:
  I'd wink, and let it go.

  _Gra._ Marry, but I would not.

  _Ven._ Marry but I would, I hope; I know you would too,
  If you'd that blood now, which you gave your daughter.
  To her indeed 'tis this wheel[199] comes about;
  That man that must be all this, perhaps ere morning
  (For his white father does but mould away),
  Has long desired your daughter.

  _Gra._ Desired?

  _Ven._ Nay, but hear me;
  He desires now, that will command hereafter:
  Therefore be wise. I speak as more a friend
  To you than him: madam, I know you're poor,
  And, 'lack the day!
  There are too many poor ladies already;
  Why should you wax the number? 'Tis despised.
  Live wealthy, rightly understand the world,
  And chide away that foolish country girl
  Keeps company with your daughter--Chastity.

  _Gra._ O fie, fie! the riches of the world cannot hire
  A mother to such a most unnatural task.

  _Ven._ No, but a thousand angels[200] can.
  Men have no power, angels must work you to't:
  The world descends into such baseborn evils,
  That forty angels can make fourscore devils.
  There will be fools still, I perceive--still fools.
  Would I be poor, dejected, scorned of greatness,
  Swept from the palace, and see others' daughters
  Spring with the dew o' the court, having mine own
  So much desired and loved by the duke's son?
  No, I would raise my state upon her breast;
  And call her eyes my tenants; I would count
  My yearly maintenance upon her cheeks;
  Take coach upon her lip; and all her parts
  Should keep men after men, and I would ride
  In pleasure upon pleasure.
  You took great pains for her, once when it was;
  Let her requite it now, though it be but some.
  You brought her forth: she may well bring you home.

  _Gra._ O Heavens! this o'ercomes me!

  _Ven._ Not, I hope, already? [_Aside._

  _Gra._ It is too strong for me; men know that know us,
  We are so weak their words can overthrow us;
  He touched me nearly, made my virtues bate,[201]
  When his tongue struck upon my poor estate. [_Aside._

  _Ven._ I e'en quake to proceed, my spirit turns edge.
  I fear me she's unmothered; yet I'll venture.
  "That woman is all male, whom none can enter."
  What think you now, lady? Speak, are you wiser?
  What said advancement to you? Thus it said:
  The daughter's fall lifts up the mother's head.
  Did it not, madam? But I'll swear it does
  In many places: tut, this age fears no man.
  "'Tis no shame to be bad, because 'tis common."

  _Gra._ Ay, that's the comfort on't.

  _Ven._ The comfort on't!
  I keep the best for last--can these persuade you
  To forget Heaven--and--[_Gives her money._

  _Gra._ Ay, these are they--

  _Ven._ O!

  _Gra._ That enchant our sex. These are
  The means that govern our affections--that woman
  Will not be troubled with the mother long,
  That sees the comfortable shine of you:
  I blush to think what for your sakes I'll do.

  _Ven._ O suffering[202] Heaven, with thy invisible finger,
  E'en at this instant turn the precious side
  Of both mine eyeballs inward, not to see myself. [_Aside._

  _Gra._ Look you, sir.

  _Ven._ Hollo.

  _Gra._ Let this thank your pains.

  _Ven._ O, you're kind, madam.

  _Gra._ I'll see how I can move.

  _Ven._ Your words will sting.

  _Gra._ If she be still chaste, I'll ne'er call her mine.

  _Ven._ Spoke truer than you meant it.

  _Gra._ Daughter Castiza.

   _Re-enter_ CASTIZA.

  _Cas._ Madam.

  _Ven._ O, she's yonder;
  Meet her: troops of celestial soldiers guard her heart.
  Yon dam has devils enough to take her part.

  _Cas._ Madam, what makes yon evil-officed man
  In presence of you?

  _Gra._ Why?

  _Cas._ He lately brought
  Immodest writing sent from the duke's son,
  To tempt me to dishonourable act.

  _Gra._ Dishonourable act!--good honourable fool,
  That wouldst be honest, 'cause thou wouldst be so,
  Producing no one reason but thy will.
  And't has a good report, prettily commended,
  But pray, by whom? Poor people, ignorant people;
  The better sort, I'm sure, cannot abide it.
  And by what rule should we square out our lives,
  But by our betters' actions? O, if thou knew'st
  What 'twere to lose it, thou would never keep it!
  But there's a cold curse laid upon all maids,
  Whilst others clip[203] the sun, they clasp the shades.
  Virginity is paradise locked up.
  You cannot come by yourselves without fee;
  And 'twas decreed that man should keep the key!
  Deny advancement! treasure! the duke's son!

  _Cas._ I cry you mercy! lady, I mistook you!
  Pray did you see my mother? which way went you?
  Pray God, I have not lost her.

  _Ven._ Prettily put by! [_Aside._

  _Gra._ Are you as proud to me, as coy to him?
  Do you not know me now?

  _Cas._ Why, are you she?
  The world's so changed one shape into another,
  It is a wise child now that knows her mother.

  _Ven._ Most right i' faith. [_Aside._

  _Gra._ I owe your cheek my hand
  For that presumption now; but I'll forget it.
  Come, you shall leave those childish 'haviours,
  And understand your time. Fortunes flow to you;
  What, will you be a girl?
  If all feared drowning that spy waves ashore,
  Gold would grow rich, and all the merchants poor.

  _Cas._ It is a pretty saying of a wicked one;
  But methinks now it does not show so well
  Out of your mouth--better in his!

  _Ven._ Faith, bad enough in both,
  Were I in earnest, as I'll seem no less. [_Aside._
  I wonder, lady, your own mother's words
  Cannot be taken, nor stand in full force.
  'Tis honesty you urge; what's honesty?
  'Tis but Heaven's beggar; and what woman is
  So foolish to keep honesty,
  And be not able to keep herself? No,
  Times are grown wiser, and will keep less charge.
  A maid that has small portion now intends
  To break up house, and live upon her friends;
  How blessed are you! you have happiness alone;
  Others must fall to thousands, you to one,
  Sufficient in himself to make your forehead
  Dazzle the world with jewels, and petitionary people
  Start at your presence.

  _Gra._ O, if I were young, I should be ravished.

  _Cas._ Ay, to lose your honour!

  _Ven._ 'Slid, how can you lose your honour
  To deal with my lord's grace?
  He'll add more honour to it by his title;
  Your mother will tell you how.

  _Gra._ That I will.

  _Ven._ O, think upon the pleasure of the palace!
  Secured ease and state! the stirring meats,
  Ready to move out of the dishes, that e'en now
  Quicken when they are eaten!
  Banquets abroad by torchlight! music! sports!
  Bareheaded vassals, that had ne'er the fortune
  To keep on their own hats, but let horns[204] wear 'em!
  Nine coaches waiting--hurry, hurry, hurry--

  _Cas._ Ay, to the devil,

  _Ven._ Ay, to the devil! [_Aside._] To the duke, by my faith.

  _Gra._ Ay, to the duke: daughter, you'd scorn to think o' the devil, an
  you were there once.

  _Ven._ True, for most there are as proud as he for his heart, i' faith.
  Who'd sit at home in a neglected room,
  Dealing her short-lived beauty to the pictures,
  That are as useless as old men, when those
  Poorer in face and fortune than herself
  Walk with a hundred acres on their backs,[205]
  Fair meadows cut into green foreparts? O,
  It was the greatest blessing ever happened to woman
  When farmers' sons agreed and met again,
  To wash their hands, and come up gentlemen!
  The commonwealth has flourished ever since:
  Lands that were mete[206] by the rod, that labour's spared:
  Tailors ride down, and measure 'em by the yard.
  Fair trees, those comely foretops of the field,
  Are cut to maintain head-tires--much untold.
  All thrives but chastity; she lies a-cold.
  Nay, shall I come nearer to you? mark but this:
  Why are there so few honest women, but because
  'tis the poorer profession? that's accounted best that's best followed;
  least in trade, least in fashion; and that's not honesty, believe it;
  and do but note the love and dejected price of it--
  Lose but a pearl, we search, and cannot brook it:
  But that[207] once gone, who is so mad to look it?

  _Gra._ Troth, he says true.

  _Cas._ False! I defy you both:
  I have endured you with an ear of fire;
  Your tongues have struck hot irons on my face.
  Mother, come from that poisonous woman there.

  _Gra._ Where?

  _Cas._ Do you not see her? she's too inward, then!
  Slave, perish in thy office! you Heavens, please
  Henceforth to make the mother a disease,
  Which first begins with me: yet I've outgone you.

  _Ven._ O angels, clap your wings upon the skies,
  And give this virgin crystal plaudites! [_Aside._

  _Gra._ Peevish, coy, foolish!--but return this answer,
  My lord shall be most welcome, when his pleasure
  Conducts him this way. I will sway mine own.
  Women with women can work best alone. [_Exit._

  _Ven._ Indeed, I'll tell him so.
  O, more uncivil, more unnatural,
  Than those base-titled creatures that look downward;
  Why does not Heaven turn black, or with a frown
  Undo the world? Why does not earth start up,
  And strike the sins that tread upon't? O,
  Were't not for gold and women, there would be no damnation.
  Hell would look like a lord's great kitchen without fire in't.
  But 'twas decreed, before the world began,
  That they should be the hooks to catch at man.

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in the_ DUKE'S _Palace._

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO, _with_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Lus._ I much applaud
  Thy judgment; thou art well-read in a fellow;
  And 'tis the deepest art to study man.
  I know this, which I never learnt in schools,
  The world's divided into knaves and fools.

  _Hip._ Knave in your face, my lord--behind your back--[_Aside._

  _Lus._ And I much thank thee, that thou hast preferred
  A fellow of discourse, well-mingled,
  And whose brain time hath seasoned.

  _Hip._ True, my lord,
  We shall find season once, I hope. O villain!
  To make such an unnatural slave of me--but--

  _Lus._ Mass, here he comes.

  _Hip._ And now shall I have free leave to depart.

  _Lus._ Your absence, leave us.

  _Hip._ Are not my thoughts true? [_Aside._
  I must remove; but, brother, you may stay.
  Heart! we are both made bawds a new-found way!

   _Enter_ VENDICE, _disguised._

  _Lus._ Now we're an even number, a third man's dangerous,
  Especially her brother;--say; be free,
  Have I a pleasure toward--

  _Ven._ O my lord!

  _Lus._ Ravish me in thine answer; art thou rare?
  Hast thou beguiled her of salvation,
  And rubbed hell o'er with honey? Is she a woman?

  _Ven._ In all but in desire.

  _Lus._ Then she's in nothing--I bate[208] in courage now.

  _Ven._ The words I brought
  Might well have made indifferent honest naught.
  A right good woman in these days is changed
  Into white money with less labour far;
  Many a maid has turned to Mahomet
  With easier working: I durst undertake,
  Upon the pawn and forfeit of my life,
  With half those words to flat a Puritan's wife.
  But she is close and good; yet 'tis a doubt
  By this time.--O, the mother, the mother!

  _Lus._ I never thought their sex had been a wonder,
  Until this minute. What fruit from the mother?

  _Ven._ How must I blister my soul, be forsworn,
  Or shame the woman that received me first!
  I will be true: thou liv'st not to proclaim.
  Spoke to a dying man, shame has no shame. [_Aside._
  My lord.

  _Lus._ Who's that?

  _Ven._ Here's none but I, my lord.

  _Lus._ What would thy haste utter?

  _Ven._ Comfort.

  _Lus._ Welcome.

  _Ven._ The maid being dull, having no mind to travel
  Into unknown lands, what did I straight,
  But set spurs to the mother? golden spurs
  Will put her to a false gallop in a trice.

  _Lus._ Is't possible that in this
  The mother should be damned before the daughter?

  _Ven._ O, that's good manners, my lord; the mother for her age must go
  foremost, you know.

  _Lus._ Thou'st spoke that true! but where comes in this comfort?

  _Ven._ In a fine place, my lord,--the unnatural mother
  Did with her tongue so hard beset her honour,
  That the poor fool was struck to silent wonder;
  Yet still the maid, like an unlighted taper,
  Was cold and chaste, save that her mother's breath
  Did blow fire on her cheeks. The girl departed;
  But the good ancient madam, half mad, threw me
  These promising words, which I took deeply note of:
  "My lord shall be most welcome"--

  _Lus._ Faith, I thank her.

  _Ven._ "When his pleasure conducts him this way"--

  _Lus._ That shall be soon, i' faith.

  _Ven._ "I will sway mine own"--

  _Lus._ She does the wiser: I commend her for't.

  _Ven._ "Women with women can work best alone."

  _Lus._ By this light, and so they can; give 'em their due, men are not
  comparable to 'em.

  _Ven._ No, that's true; for you shall have one woman knit more in an
  hour, than any man can ravel again in seven-and-twenty years.

  _Lus._ Now my desires are happy; I'll make 'em freemen now.
  Thou art a precious fellow; faith, I love thee;
  Be wise and make it thy revenue; beg, beg;
  What office couldst thou be ambitious for?

  _Ven._ Office, my lord! marry, if I might have my wish, I would have
  one that was never begged yet.

  _Lus._ Nay, then, thou canst have none.

  _Ven._ Yes, my lord, I could pick out another office yet; nay, and keep
  a horse and drab upon't.

  _Lus._ Prythee, good bluntness, tell me.

  _Ven._ Why, I would desire but this, my lord--to have all the fees
  behind the arras, and all the farthingales that fall plump about twelve
  o'clock at night upon the rushes.

  _Lus._ Thou'rt a mad, apprehensive knave; dost think to make any great
  purchase of that?

  _Ven._ O, 'tis an unknown thing, my lord; I wonder't has been missed so

  _Lus._ Well, this night I'll visit her, and 'tis till then
  A year in my desires--farewell, attend:
  Trust me with thy preferment.

  _Ven._ My loved lord! [_Exit_ LUSSURIOSO.
  O, shall I kill him o' th' wrong side now? no!
  Sword, thou wast never a backbiter yet.
  I'll pierce him to his face; he shall die looking upon me.
  Thy veins are swelled with lust, this shall unfill 'em.
  Great men were gods, if beggars could not kill 'em.
  Forgive me, Heaven, to call my mother wicked!
  O, lessen not my days upon the earth,
  I cannot honour her. By this, I fear me,
  Her tongue has turned my sister unto use.
  I was a villain not to be forsworn
  To this our lecherous hope, the duke's son;
  For lawyers, merchants, some divines, and all,
  Count beneficial perjury a sin small.
  It shall go hard yet, but I'll guard her honour,
  And keep the ports sure. [_Exit._

  SCENE III.--_A Corridor in the Palace._

   _Enter_ VENDICE, _still disguised, and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Hip._ Brother, how goes the world? I would know news of you.
  But I have news to tell you.

  _Ven._ What, in the name of knavery?

  _Hip._ Knavery, faith;
  This vicious old duke's worthily abused;
  The pen of his bastard writes him cuckold?

  _Ven._ His bastard?

  _Hip._ Pray, believe it; he and the duchess
  By night meet in their linen;[209] they have been seen
  By stair-foot panders.

  _Ven._ O, sin foul and deep!
  Great faults are winked at when the duke's asleep.
  See, see, here comes the Spurio.

  _Hip._ Monstrous luxur!

  _Ven._ Unbraced! two of his valiant bawds with him!
  O, there's a wicked whisper; hell's in his ear.
  Stay, let's observe his passage--

   _Enter_ SPURIO _and_ Servants.

  _Spu._ O, but are you sure on't?

  _1st Ser._ My lord, most sure on't; for 'twas spoke by one,
  That is most inward with the duke's son's lust,
  That he intends within this hour to steal
  Unto Hippolito's sister, whose chaste life
  The mother has corrupted for his use.

  _Spu._ Sweet word! sweet occasion! faith, then, brother,
  I'll disinherit you in as short time
  As I was when I was begot in haste.
  I'll damn you at your pleasure: precious deed!
  After your lust, O, 'twill be fine to bleed.
  Come, let our passing out be soft and wary.
  [_Exeunt_ SPURIO _and_ Servants.

  _Ven._ Mark! there; there; that step; now to the duchess!
  This their second meeting writes the duke cuckold
  With new additions--his horns newly revived.
  Night! thou that look'st like funeral heralds' fees,
  Torn down betimes i' the morning, thou hang'st fitly
  To grace those sins that have no grace at all.
  Now 'tis full sea abed over the world:
  There's juggling of all sides; some that were maids
  E'en at sunset, are now perhaps i' the toll-book.[210]
  This woman in immodest thin apparel
  Lets in her friend by water; here a dame
  Cunning nails leather hinges to a door,
  To avoid proclamation.
  Now cuckolds are coining, apace, apace, apace, apace!
  And careful sisters spin that thread i' the night,
  That does maintain them and their bawds i' the day.

  _Hip._ You flow well, brother.

  _Ven._ Pooh! I'm shallow yet;
  Too sparing and too modest; shall I tell thee?
  If every trick were told that's dealt by night,
  There are few here that would not blush outright.

  _Hip._ I am of that belief too. Who's this comes?

  _Ven._ The duke's son up so late? Brother, fall back,
  And you shall learn some mischief. My good lord!

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO.

  _Lus._ Piato! why, the man I wished for! Come,
  I do embrace this season for the fittest
  To taste of that young lady.

  _Ven._ Heart and hell. [_Aside._

  _Hip._ Damned villain! [_Aside._

  _Ven._ I have no way now to cross it, but to kill him. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ Come, only thou and I.

  _Ven._ My lord! my lord!

  _Lus._ Why dost thou start us?

  _Ven._ I'd almost forgot--the bastard!

  _Lus._ What of him?

  _Ven._ This night, this hour, this minute, now--

  _Lus._ What? what?

  _Ven._ Shadows the duchess--

  _Lus._ Horrible word!

  _Ven._ And (like strong poison) eats
  Into the duke your father's forehead.

  _Lus._ O!

  _Ven._ He makes horn-royal.

  _Lus._ Most ignoble slave!

  _Ven._ This is the fruit of two beds.

  _Lus._ I am mad.

  _Ven._ That passage he trod warily.

  _Lus._ He did?

  _Ven._ And hushed his villains every step he took.

  _Lus._ His villains! I'll confound them.

  _Ven._ Take 'em finely--finely, now.

  _Lus._ The duchess' chamber-door shall not control me.
  [_Exeunt_ LUSSURIOSO _and_ VENDICE.

  _Hip._ Good, happy, swift: there's gunpowder i' the court,
  Wildfire at midnight. In this heedless fury
  He may show violence to cross himself.
  I'll follow the event. [_Exit._

  SCENE IV.--_The_ DUKE'S _Bedchamber.--The_ DUKE _and_ DUCHESS _in bed._

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO _and_ VENDICE, _disguised._

  _Lus._ Where is that villain?

  _Ven._ Softly, my lord, and you may take 'em twisted.

  _Lus._ I care not how.

  _Ven._ O! 'twill be glorious
  To kill 'em doubled, when they're heaped. Be soft, my lord.

  _Lus._ Away! my spleen is not so lazy: thus and thus
  I'll shake their eyelids ope, and with my sword
  Shut 'em again for ever. Villain! strumpet!

  _Duke._ You upper guard, defend us!

  _Duch._ Treason! treason!

  _Duke._ O, take me not in sleep!
  I have great sins; I must have days,
  Nay, months, dear son, with penitential heaves,
  To lift 'em out, and not to die unclear.
  O, thou wilt kill me both in Heaven and here.

  _Lus._ I am amazed to death.

  _Duke._ Nay, villain, traitor,
  Worse than the foulest epithet; now I'll gripe thee
  E'en with the nerves of wrath, and throw thy head
  Amongst the lawyers!--guard!

   _Enter_ AMBITIOSO, SUPERVACUO, _and_ Lords.

  _1st Lord._ How comes the quiet of your grace disturbed?

  _Duke._ This boy, that should be myself after me,
  Would be myself before me; and in heat
  Of that ambition bloodily rushed in,
  Intending to depose me in my bed.

  _2nd Lord._ Duty and natural loyalty forfend!

  _Duch._ He called his father villain, and me strumpet,
  A word that I abhor to file[211] my lips with.

  _Amb._ That was not so well-done, brother.

  _Lus._ I am abused--I know there's no excuse can do me good.

  _Ven._ 'Tis now good policy to be from sight;
  His vicious purpose to our sister's honour
  I crossed beyond our thought. [_Aside._

  _Hip._ You little dreamt his father slept here.

  _Ven._ O, 'twas far beyond me:
  But since it fell so--without frightful words,
  Would he had killed him, 'twould have eased our swords.

  _Duke._ Be comforted, our duchess, he shall die.
  [_Exeunt_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Lus._ Where's this slave-pander now? out of mine eye,
  Guilty of this abuse.

   _Enter_ SPURIO _with_ Servants.

  _Spu._ Y' are villains, fablers![212]
  You have knaves' chins and harlots' tongues; you lie;
  And I will damn you with one meal a day.

  _1st Ser_. O good my lord!

  _Spu._ 'Sblood, you shall never sup.

  _2nd Ser._ O, I beseech you, sir!

  _Spu._ To let my sword catch cold so long, and miss him!

  _1st Ser._ Troth, my lord, 'twas his intent to meet there.

  _Spu._ 'Heart! he's yonder.
  Ha, what news here? is the day out o' the socket,
  That it is noon at midnight? the court up?
  How comes the guard so saucy with his elbows?

  _Lus._ The bastard here?
  Nay, then the truth of my intent shall out;
  My lord and father, hear me.

  _Duke._ Bear him hence.

  _Lus._ I can with loyalty excuse.

  _Duke._ Excuse? to prison with the villain!
  Death shall not long lag after him.

  _Spu._ Good, i' faith: then 'tis not much amiss.

  _Lus._ Brothers, my best release lies on your tongues;
  I pray, persuade for me.

  _Amb._ It is our duties; make yourself sure of us.

  _Sup._ We'll sweat in pleading.

  _Lus._ And I may live to thank you.
  [_Exit with_ Lords.

  _Amb._ No, thy death shall thank me better.

  _Spu._ He's gone; I'll after him,
  And know his trespass; seem to bear a part
  In all his ills, but with a puritan heart.
  [_Exit with_ Servants.

  _Amb._ Now, brother, let our hate and love be woven
  So subtlely together, that in speaking one word for his life,
  We may make three for his death:
  The craftiest pleader gets most gold for breath.

  _Sup._ Set on, I'll not be far behind you, brother.

  _Duke._ Is't possible a son should be disobedient as far as the sword?
  It is the highest: he can go no farther.

  _Amb._ My gracious lord, take pity--

  _Duke._ Pity, boys!

  _Amb._ Nay, we'd be loth to move your grace too much;
  We know the trespass is unpardonable,
  Black, wicked, and unnatural.

  _Sup._ In a son! O, monstrous!

  _Amb._ Yet, my lord,
  A duke's soft hand strokes the rough head of law,
  And makes it lie smooth.

  _Duke._ But my hand shall ne'er do't.

  _Amb._ That as you please, my lord.

  _Sup._ We must needs confess.
  Some fathers would have entered into hate
  So deadly-pointed, that before his eyes
  He would ha' seen the execution sound[213]
  Without corrupted favour.

  _Amb._ But, my lord,
  Your grace may live the wonder of all times,
  In pardoning that offence, which never yet
  Had face to beg a pardon.

  _Duke._ Hunny, how's this?

  _Amb._ Forgive him, good my lord; he's your own son:
  And I must needs say, 'twas the viler done.

  _Sup._ He's the next heir: yet this true reason gathers,
  None can possess that dispossess their fathers.
  Be merciful!--

  _Duke._ Here's no step-mother's wit;
  I'll try them both upon their love and hate. [_Aside._

  _Amb._ Be merciful--although--

  _Duke._ You have prevailed.
  My wrath, like flaming wax, hath spent itself;
  I know 'twas but some peevish moon[214] in him;
  Go, let him be released.

  _Sup._ 'Sfoot, how now, brother? [_Aside._

  _Amb._ Your grace doth please to speak beside your spleen;
  I would it were so happy.

  _Duke._ Why, go, release him.

  _Sup._ O my good lord! I know the fault's too weighty
  And full of general loathing: too inhuman,
  Rather by all men's voices worthy death.

  _Duke._ 'Tis true too; here, then, receive this signet.
  Doom shall pass;
  Direct it to the judges; he shall die
  Ere many days. Make haste.

  _Amb._ All speed that may be.
  We could have wished his burden not so sore:
  We knew your grace did but delay before.

  _Duke._ Here's envy with a poor thin cover o'er't;
  Like scarlet hid in lawn, easily spied through.
  This their ambition by the mother's side
  Is dangerous, and for safety must be purged.
  I will prevent their envies; sure it was
  But some mistaken fury in our son,
  Which these aspiring boys would climb upon:
  He shall be released suddenly.

   _Enter_ Nobles.

  _1st Noble._ Good morning to your grace.

  _Duke._ Welcome, my lords.

  _2nd Noble._ Our knees shall take
  Away the office of our feet for ever,
  Unless your grace bestow a father's eye
  Upon the clouded fortunes of your son,
  And in compassionate virtue grant him that,
  Which makes e'en mean men happy--liberty.

  _Duke._ How seriously their loves and honours woo
  For that which I am about to pray them do!
  Arise, my lords; your knees sign his release.
  We freely pardon him.

  _1st Noble._ We owe your grace much thanks, and he much duty.
  [_Exeunt_ Nobles.

  _Duke._ It well becomes that judge to nod at crimes,
  That does commit greater himself, and lives.
  I may forgive a disobedient error,
  That expect pardon for adultery,
  And in my old days am a youth in lust.
  Many a beauty have I turned to poison
  In the denial, covetous of all.
  Age hot is like a monster to be seen;
  My hairs are white, and yet my sins are green.


  SCENE I.--_A Room in the Palace._


  _Sup._ Brother, let my opinion sway you once;
  I speak it for the best, to have him die
  Surest and soonest; if the signet come
  Unto the judge's hand, why then his doom
  Will be deferred till sittings and court-days,
  Juries, and further. Faiths are bought and sold;
  Oaths in these days are but the skin of gold.

  _Amb._ In troth, 'tis true too.

  _Sup._ Then let's set by the judges,
  And fall to the officers; 'tis but mistaking
  The duke our father's meaning; and where he named
  "Ere many days"--'tis but forgetting that,
  And have him die i' the morning.

  _Amb._ Excellent!
  Then am I heir! duke in a minute!

  _Sup._ [_Aside_.] Nay,
  An he were once puffed out, here is a pin
  Should quickly prick your bladder.

  _Amb._ Blessed occasion!
  He being packed, we'll have some trick and wile
  To wind our younger brother out of prison,
  That lies in for the rape. The lady's dead,
  And people's thoughts will soon be burièd.

  _Sup._ We may with safety do't, and live and feed;
  The duchess' sons are too proud to bleed.

  _Amb._ We are, i' faith, to say true--come, let's not linger:
  I'll to the officers; go you before,
  And set an edge upon the executioner.

  _Sup._ Let me alone to grind. [_Exit._

  _Amb._ Meet farewell!
  I am next now; I rise just in that place,
  Where thou'rt cut off; upon thy neck, kind brother;
  The falling of one head lifts up another. [_Exit._

  SCENE II.--_The Courtyard of a Prison._

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO _with_ Nobles.

  _Lus._ My lords, I am so much indebted to your loves
  For this, O, this delivery--

  _1st Noble._ Put our duties, my lord, unto the hopes that grow in you.

  _Lus._ If e'er I live to be myself, I'll thank you.
  O liberty, thou sweet and heavenly dame!
  But hell for prison is too mild a name. [_Exeunt._

   _Enter_ AMBITIOSO _and_ SUPERVACUO, _with_ Officers.

  _Amb._ Officers, here's the duke's signet, your firm warrant,
  Brings the command of present death along with it
  Unto our brother, the duke's son; we are sorry
  That we are so unnaturally employed
  In such an unkind office, fitter far
  For enemies than brothers.

  _Sup._ But, you know,
  The duke's command must be obeyed.

  _1st Off._ It must and shall, my lord. This morning, then--
  So suddenly?

  _Amb._ Ay, alas! poor, good soul!
  He must breakfast betimes; the executioner
  Stands ready to put forth his cowardly valour.

  _2nd Off._ Already?

  _Sup._ Already, i' faith. O sir, destruction hies,
  And that is least imprudent,[215] soonest dies.

  _1st Off._ Troth, you say true. My lord, we take our leaves:
  Our office shall be sound; we'll not delay
  The third part of a minute.

  _Amb._ Therein you show
  Yourselves good men and upright. Officers,
  Pray, let him die as private as he may;
  Do him that favour; for the gaping people
  Will but trouble him at his prayers,
  And make him curse and swear, and so die black.
  Will you be so far kind?

  _1st Off._ It shall be done, my lord.

  _Amb._ Why, we do thank you; if we live to be--
  You shall have a better office.

  _2nd Off._ Your good lordship--

  _Sup._ Commend us to the scaffold in our tears,

  _1st Off._ We'll weep, and do your commendations.

  _Amb._ Fine fools in office! [_Exeunt_ Officers.

  _Sup._ Things fall out so fit!

  _Amb._ So happily! come, brother! ere next clock,
  His head will be made serve a bigger block.[216] [_Exeunt._

  SCENE III.--_Inside a Prison._

   _Enter the_ DUCHESS' Youngest Son _and_ Keeper.

  _Y. Son._ Keeper!

  _Keep._ My lord.

  _Y. Son._ No news lately from our brothers?
  Are they unmindful of us?

  _Keep._ My lord, a messenger came newly in,
  And brought this from 'em.

  _Y. Son._ Nothing but paper-comforts?
  I looked for my delivery before this,
  Had they been worth their oaths.--Prythee, be from us.
  [_Exit_ Keeper.
  Now what say you, forsooth? speak out, I pray.
  [_Reads the letter._] "Brother, be of good cheer";
  'Slud, it begins like a whore with good cheer.
  "Thou shalt not be long a prisoner."
  Not six-and-thirty years, like a bankrupt--I think so.
  "We have thought upon a device to get thee out by a trick."
  By a trick! pox o' your trick, an' it be so long a playing.
  "And so rest comforted,--be merry, and expect it suddenly!"
  Be merry! hang merry, draw and quarter merry; I'll be mad. Is't not
  strange that a man should lie-in a whole month for a woman? Well, we
  shall see how sudden our brothers will be in their promise. I must
  expect still a trick: I shall not be long a prisoner. How now, what

   _Re-enter_ Keeper.

  _Keep._ Bad news, my lord; I am discharged of you.

  _Y. Son._ Slave! call'st thou that bad news? I thank you, brothers.

  _Keep._ My lord, 'twill prove so. Here come the officers,
  Into whose hands I must commit you.

  _Y. Son._ Ha, officers! what? why?

   _Enter_ Officers.

  _1st Off._ You must pardon us, my lord:
  Our office must be sound: here is our warrant,
  The signet from the duke; you must straight suffer.

  _Y. Son._ Suffer! I'll suffer you to begone; I'll suffer you
  To come no more; what would you have me suffer?

  _2nd Off._ My lord, those words were better changed to prayers.
  The time's but brief with you: prepare to die.

  _Y. Son._ Sure, 'tis not so!

  _3rd Off._ It is too true, my lord.

  _Y. Son._ I tell you 'tis not; for the duke my father
  Deferred me till next sitting; and I look,
  E'en every minute, threescore times an hour,
  For a release, a trick wrought by my brothers.

  _1st Off._ A trick, my lord! if you expect such comfort,
  Your hope's as fruitless as a barren woman:
  Your brothers were the unhappy messengers
  That brought this powerful token for your death.

  _Y. Son._ My brothers? no, no.

  _2nd Off._ 'Tis most true, my lord.

  _Y. Son._ My brothers to bring a warrant for my death!
  How strange this shows!

  _3rd Off._ There's no delaying time.

  _Y. Son._ Desire 'em hither: call 'em up--my brothers!
  They shall deny it to your faces.

  _1st Off._ My lord,
  They're far enough by this; at least at court;
  And this most strict command they left behind 'em.
  When grief swam in their eyes, they showed like brothers,
  Brimful of heavy sorrow--but the duke
  "Must have his pleasure."

  _Y. Son._ His pleasure!

  _1st Off._ These were the last words, which my memory bears,
  "Commend us to the scaffold in our tears."

  _Y. Son._ Pox dry their tears! what should I do with tears?
  I hate 'em worse than any citizen's son
  Can hate salt water. Here came a letter now,
  New-bleeding from their pens, scarce stinted yet:
  Would I'd been torn in pieces when I tore it:
  Look, you officious whoresons, words of comfort,
  "Not long a prisoner."

  _1st Off._ It says true in that, sir; for you must suffer presently.

  _Y. Son._ A villainous Duns[217] upon the letter, knavish exposition!
  Look you then here, sir: "we'll get thee out by a trick," says he.

  _2nd Off._ That may hold too, sir; for you know a trick is commonly
  four cards,[218] which was meant by us four officers.

  _Y. Son._ Worse and worse dealing.

  _1st. Off._ The hour beckons us.
  The headsman waits: lift up your eyes to Heaven.

  _Y. Son._ I thank you, faith; good pretty wholesome counsel!
  I should look up to Heaven, as you said,
  Whilst he behind me cosens me of my head.
  Ay, that's the trick.

  _3rd Off._ You delay too long, my lord.

  _Y. Son._ Stay, good authority's bastards; since I must
  Through brothers' perjury, die, O, let me venom
  Their souls with curses.

  _3rd Off._ Come, 'tis no time to curse.

  _Y. Son._ Must I bleed then without respect of sign? well--
  My fault was sweet sport which the world approves,
  I die for that which every woman loves. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE IV.--_A Lodge in the Ducal Grounds._

   _Enter_ VENDICE, _disguised, and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Ven._ O, sweet, delectable, rare, happy, ravishing!

  _Hip._ Why, what's the matter, brother?

  _Ven._ O, 'tis able to make a man spring up and knock his forehead
  Against yon silver ceiling.

  _Hip._ Prythee, tell me;
  Why may not I partake with you? you vowed once
  To give me share to every tragic thought.

  _Ven._ By the mass, I think I did too;
  Then I'll divide it to thee. The old duke,
  Thinking my outward shape and inward heart
  Are cut out of one piece (for he that prates his secrets,
  His heart stands o' the outside), hires me by price
  To greet him with a lady
  In some fit place, veiled from the eyes o' the court,
  Some darkened, blushless angle, that is guilty
  Of his forefather's lust and great folks' riots;
  To which I easily (to maintain my shape)
  Consented, and did wish his impudent grace
  To meet her here in this unsunnèd lodge,
  Wherein 'tis night at noon; and here the rather
  Because, unto the torturing of his soul,
  The bastard and the duchess have appointed
  Their meeting too in this luxurious circle;
  Which most afflicting sight will kill his eyes,
  Before we kill the rest of him.

  _Hip._ 'Twill, i' faith! Most dreadfully digested!
  I see not how you could have missed me, brother.

  _Ven._ True; but the violence of my joy forgot it.

  _Hip._ Ay, but where's that lady now?

  _Ven._ O! at that word
  I'm lost again; you cannot find me yet:
  I'm in a throng of happy apprehensions.
  He's suited for a lady; I have took care
  For a delicious lip, a sparkling eye--
  Yon shall be witness, brother:
  Be ready; stand with your hat off. [_Exit._

  _Hip._ Troth, I wonder what lady it should be!
  Yet 'tis no wonder, now I think again,
  To have a lady stoop to a duke, that stoops unto his men.
  'Tis common to be common through the world:
  And there's more private common shadowing vices,
  Than those who are known both by their names and prices.
  'Tis part of my allegiance to stand bare
  To the duke's concubine; and here she comes.

   _Re-enter_ VENDICE, _with the skull of his_ Betrothed _dressed up in

  _Ven._ Madam, his grace will not be absent long.[219]
  Secret! ne'er doubt us, madam; 'twill be worth
  Three velvet gowns to your ladyship. Known!
  Few ladies respect that disgrace: a poor thin shell!
  'Tis the best grace you have to do it well.
  I'll save your hand that labour: I'll unmask you!

  _Hip._ Why, brother, brother!

  _Ven._ Art thou beguiled now? tut, a lady can,
  As such all hid, beguile a wiser man.
  Have I not fitted the old surfeiter
  With a quaint piece of beauty? Age and bare bone
  Are e'er allied in action. Here's an eye,
  Able to tempt a great man--to serve God:
  A pretty hanging lip, that has forgot now to dissemble.
  Methinks this mouth should make a swearer tremble;
  A drunkard clasp his teeth, and not undo 'em,
  To suffer wet damnation to run through 'em.
  Here's a cheek keeps her colour, let the wind go whistle:
  Spout, rain, we fear thee not: be hot or cold,
  All's one with us; and is not he absurd,
  Whose fortunes are upon their faces set,
  That fear no other god but wind and wet?

  _Hip._ Brother, you've spoke that right:
  Is this the form that, living, shone so bright?

  _Ven._ The very same.
  And now methinks I could e'en chide myself
  For doating on her beauty, though her death
  Shall be revenged after no common action.
  Does the silkworm expend her yellow labours
  For thee? For thee does she undo herself?
  Are lordships sold to maintain ladyships,
  For the poor benefit of a bewildering minute?
  Why does yon fellow falsify highways,
  And put his life between the judge's lips,
  To refine such a thing--keeps horse and men
  To beat their valours for her?
  Surely we are all mad people, and they
  Whom we think are, are not: we mistake those;
  'Tis we are mad in sense, they but in clothes.

  _Hip._ Faith, and in clothes too we, give us our due.

  _Ven._ Does every proud and self-affecting dame,
  Camphire her face for this, and grieve her Maker
  In sinful baths of milk, when many an infant starves
  For her superfluous outside--all for this?
  Who now bids twenty pounds a night? prepares
  Music, perfumes, and sweetmeats? All are hushed.
  Thou may'st lie chaste now! it were fine, methinks,
  To have thee seen at revels, forgetful feasts,
  And unclean brothels! sure, 'twould fright the sinner,
  And make him a good coward: put a reveller
  Out of his antic amble,
  And cloy an epicure with empty dishes.
  Here might a scornful and ambitious woman
  Look through and through herself. See, ladies, with false forms
  You deceive men, but cannot deceive worms.--
  Now to my tragic business. Look you, brother,
  I have not fashioned this only for show
  And useless property; no, it shall bear a part
  E'en in its own revenge. This very skull,
  Whose mistress the duke poisoned, with this drug,
  The mortal curse of the earth, shall be revenged
  In the like strain, and kiss his lips to death.
  As much as the dumb thing can, he shall feel:
  What fails in poison, we'll supply in steel.

  _Hip._ Brother, I do applaud thy constant vengeance--
  The quaintness of thy malice--above thought.

  _Ven._ So, 'tis laid on:
  [_He poisons the lips of the skull_]
                                now come and welcome, duke,
  I have her for thee. I protest it, brother,
  Methinks she makes almost as fair a fine,
  As some old gentlewoman in a periwig.
  Hide thy face now for shame; thou hadst need have a mask now:
  'Tis vain when beauty flows; but when it fleets,
  This would become graves better than the streets.

  _Hip._ You have my voice in that: hark, the duke's come.

  _Ven._ Peace, let's observe what company he brings,
  And how he does absent 'em; for you know
  He'll wish all private. Brother, fall you back a little
  With the bony lady.

  _Hip._ That I will. [_Retires._

  _Ven._ So, so; now nine years' vengeance crowd into a minute!

   _Enter_ DUKE _and_ Gentlemen.

  _Duke._ You shall have leave to leave us, with this charge
  Upon your lives, if we be missed by the duchess
  Or any of the nobles, to give out,
  We're privately rid forth.

  _Ven._ O happiness!

  _Duke._ With some few honourable gentlemen, you may say--
  You may name those that are away from court.

  _Gen._ Your will and pleasure shall be done, my lord.
  [_Exeunt_ Gentlemen.

  _Ven._ "Privately rid forth!"
  He strives to make sure work on't. Your good grace! [_Advances._

  _Duke._ Piato, well done, hast brought her! what lady is't?

  _Ven._ Faith, my lord, a country lady, a little bashful at first, as
  most of them are; but after the first kiss, my lord, the worst is past
  with them. Your grace knows now what you have to do; she has somewhat a
  grave look with her--but--

  _Duke._ I love that best; conduct her.

  _Ven._ Have at all. [_Aside._

  _Duke._ In gravest looks the greatest faults seem less.
  Give me that sin that's robed in holiness.

  _Ven._ Back with the torch! brother, raise the perfumes.

  _Duke._ How sweet can a duke breathe! Age has no fault.
  Pleasure should meet in a perfumèd mist.
  Lady, sweetly encountered: I came from court,
  I must be bold with you. O, what's this? O!

  _Ven._ Royal villain! white devil!

  _Duke._ O!

  _Ven._ Brother, place the torch here, that his affrighted eyeballs
  May start into those hollows. Duke, dost know
  Yon dreadful vizard? View it well; 'tis the skull
  Of Gloriana, whom thou poisonedst last.

  _Duke._ O! 't has poisoned me.

  _Ven._ Didst not know that till now?

  _Duke._ What are you two?

  _Ven._ Villains all three! the very ragged bone
  Has been sufficiently revenged.

  _Duke._ O, Hippolito, call treason! [_He sinks down._

  _Hip._ Yes, my lord; treason! treason! treason!
  [_Stamping on him._

  _Duke._ Then I'm betrayed.

  _Ven._ Alas! poor lecher: in the hands of knaves,
  A slavish duke is baser than his slaves.

  _Duke._ My teeth are eaten out.

  _Ven._ Hadst any left?

  _Hip._ I think but few.

  _Ven._ Then those that did eat are eaten.

  _Duke._ O my tongue!

  _Ven._ Your tongue? 'twill teach you to kiss closer,
  Not like a slobbering Dutchman. You have eyes still:
  Look, monster, what a lady hast thou made me
  [_Discovers himself._
  My once betrothèd wife.

  _Duke._ Is it thou, villain? nay, then--

  _Ven._ 'Tis I, 'tis Vendice, 'tis I.

  _Hip._ And let this comfort thee: our lord and father
  Fell sick upon the infection of thy frowns,
  And died in sadness: be that thy hope of life.

  _Duke._ O!

  _Ven._ He had his tongue, yet grief made him die speechless.
  Pooh! 'tis but early yet; now I'll begin
  To stick thy soul with ulcers. I will make
  Thy spirit grievous sore; it shall not rest,
  But like some pestilent man toss in thy breast. Mark me, duke:
  Thou art a renownèd, high and mighty cuckold.

  _Duke._ O!

  _Ven._ Thy bastard, thy bastard rides a-hunting in thy brow.

  _Duke._ Millions of deaths!

  _Ven._ Nay, to afflict thee more,
  Here in this lodge they meet for damnèd clips.[220]
  Those eyes shall see the incest of their lips.

  _Duke._ Is there a hell besides this, villains?

  _Ven._ Villain!
  Nay, Heaven is just; scorns are the hire of scorns:
  I ne'er knew yet adulterer without horns.

  _Hip._ Once, ere they die, 'tis quitted.

  _Ven._ Hark! the music:
  Their banquet is prepared, they're coming--

  _Duke._ O, kill me not with that sight!

  _Ven._ Thou shalt not lose that sight for all thy dukedom.

  _Duke._ Traitors! murderers!

  _Ven._ What! is not thy tongue eaten out yet?
  Then we'll invent a silence. Brother, stifle the torch.

  _Duke._ Treason! murder!

  _Ven._ Nay, faith, we'll have you hushed. Now with thy dagger
  Nail down his tongue, and mine shall keep possession
  About his heart; if he but gasp, he dies;
  We dread not death to quittance injuries.
  Brother, if he but wink, not brooking the foul object,
  Let our two other hands tear up his lids,
  And make his eyes like comets shine through blood.
  When the bad bleeds, then is the tragedy good.

  _Hip._ Whist, brother! the music's at our ear; they come.

   _Enter_ SPURIO, _meeting the_ DUCHESS.

  _Spu._ Had not that kiss a taste of sin, 'twere sweet.

  _Duch._ Why, there's no pleasure sweet, but it is sinful.

  _Spu._ True, such a bitter sweetness fate hath given;
  Best side to us is the worst side to Heaven.

  _Duch._ Pish! come: 'tis the old duke, thy doubtful father:
  The thought of him rubs Heaven in thy way.
  But I protest by yonder waxen fire,
  Forget him, or I'll poison him.

  _Spu._ Madam, you urge a thought which ne'er had life.
  So deadly do I loathe him for my birth,
  That if he took me hasped within his bed,
  I would add murder to adultery,
  And with my sword give up his years to death.

  _Duch._ Why, now thou'rt sociable; let's in and feast:
  Loud'st music sound; pleasure is banquet's guest.
  [_Exeunt_ DUCHESS _and_ SPURIO.

  _Duke._ I cannot brook--[_Dies._

  _Ven._ The brook is turned to blood.

  _Hip._ Thanks to loud music.

  _Ven._ 'Twas our friend, indeed.
  'Tis state in music for a duke to bleed.
  The dukedom wants a head, though yet unknown;
  As fast as they peep up, let's cut 'em down. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE V.--_A Room in the Palace._


  _Amb._ Was not his execution rarely plotted?
  We are the duke's sons now.

  _Sup._ Ay, you may thank my policy for that.

  _Amb._ Your policy for what?

  _Sup._ Why, was't not my invention, brother,
  To slip the judges? and in lesser compass
  Did I not draw the model of his death;
  Advising you to sudden officers
  And e'en extemporal execution?

  _Amb._ Heart! 'twas a thing I thought on too.

  _Sup._ You thought on't too! 'sfoot, slander not your thoughts
  With glorious untruth; I know 'twas from you.

  _Amb._ Sir, I say, 'twas in my head.

  _Sup._ Ay, like your brains then,
  Ne'er to come out as long as you lived.

  _Amb._ You'd have the honour on't, forsooth, that your wit
  Led him to the scaffold.

  _Sup._ Since it is my due,
  I'll publish't, but I'll ha't in spite of you.

  _Amb._ Methinks, y'are much too bold; you should a little
  Remember us, brother, next to be honest duke.

  _Sup._ Ay, it shall be as easy for you to be duke
  As to be honest; and that's never, i' faith. [_Aside._

  _Amb._ Well, cold he is by this time; and because
  We're both ambitious, be it our amity,
  And let the glory be shared equally.

  _Sup._ I am content to that.

  _Amb._ This night our younger brother shall out of prison:
  I have a trick.

  _Sup._ A trick! prythee, what is't?

  _Amb._ We'll get him out by a wile.

  _Sup._ Prythee, what wile?

  _Amb._ No, sir; you shall not know it, till it be done;
  For then you'd swear 'twere yours.

   _Enter an_ Officer.

  _Sup._ How now, what's he?

  _Amb._ One of the officers.

  _Sup._ Desired news.

  _Amb._ How now, my friend?

  _Off._ My lords, under your pardon, I am allotted
  To that desertless office, to present you
  With the yet bleeding head--

  _Sup._ Ha, ha! excellent.

  _Amb._ All's sure our own: brother, canst weep, think'st thou?
  'Twould grace our flattery much; think of some dame;
  'Twill teach thee to dissemble.

  _Sup._ I have thought;--now for yourself.

  _Amb._ Our sorrows are so fluent,
  Our eyes o'erflow our tongues; words spoke in tears
  Are like the murmurs of the waters--the sound
  Is loudly heard, but cannot be distinguished.

  _Sup._ How died he, pray?

  _Off._ O, full of rage and spleen.

  _Sup._ He died most valiantly, then; we're glad to hear it.

  _Off._ We could not woo him once to pray.

  _Amb._ He showed himself a gentlemen in that:
  Give him his due.

  _Off._ But, in the stead of prayer,
  He drew forth oaths.

  _Sup._ Then did he pray, dear heart,
  Although you understood him not?

  _Off._ My lords,
  E'en at his last, with pardon be it spoke,
  He cursed you both.

  _Sup._ He cursed us? 'las, good soul!

  _Amb._ It was not in our powers, but the duke's pleasure.
  Finely dissembled a both sides, sweet fate;
  O happy opportunity! [_Aside._

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO.

  _Lus._ Now, my lords.

  _Amb. and Sup._ O!--

  _Lus._ Why do you shun me, brothers?
  You may come nearer now:
  The savour of the prison has forsook me.
  I thank such kind lords as yourselves, I'm free.

  _Amb._ Alive!

  _Sup._ In health!

  _Amb._ Released!
  We were both e'en amazed with joy to see it.

  _Lus._ I am much to thank to you.

  _Sup._ Faith, we spared no tongue unto my lord the duke.

  _Amb._ I know your delivery, brother,
  Had not been half so sudden but for us.

  _Sup._ O, how we pleaded!

  _Lus._ Most deserving brothers!
  In my best studies I will think of it. [_Exit._

  _Amb._ O death and vengeance!

  _Sup._ Hell and torments!

  _Amb._ Slave, cam'st thou to delude us?

  _Off._ Delude you, my lords?

  _Sup._ Ay, villain, where's his head now?

  _Off._ Why here, my lord;
  Just after his delivery, you both came
  With warrant from the duke to behead your brother.

  _Amb._ Ay, our brother, the duke's son.

  _Off._ The duke's son, my lord, had his release before you came.

  _Amb._ Whose head's that, then?

  _Off._ His whom you left command for, your own brother's.

  _Amb._ Our brother's? O furies.

  _Sup._ Plagues!

  _Amb._ Confusions!

  _Sup._ Darkness!

  _Amb._ Devils!

  _Sup._ Fell it out so accursedly?

  _Amb._ So damnedly?

  _Sup._ Villain, I'll brain thee with it.

  _Off._ O my good lord!

  _Sup._ The devil overtake thee!

  _Amb._ O fatal!

  _Sup._ O prodigious to our bloods!

  _Amb._ Did we dissemble?

  _Sup._ Did we make our tears women for thee?

  _Amb._ Laugh and rejoice for thee?

  _Sup._ Bring warrant for thy death?

  _Amb._ Mock off thy head?

  _Sup._ You had a trick: you had a wile, forsooth.

  _Amb._ A murrain meet 'em; there's none of these wiles that ever come
  to good: I see now, there's nothing sure in mortality, but mortality.
  Well, no more words: shalt be revenged, i' faith.
  Come, throw off clouds; now, brother, think of vengeance,
  And deeper-settled hate; sirrah, sit fast,
  We'll pull down all, but thou shalt down at last.


  SCENE I.--_The precincts of the Palace._


  _Lus._ Hippolito!

  _Hip._ My lord,
  Has your good lordship aught to command me in?

  _Lus._ I prythee, leave us!

  _Hip._ How's this? come and leave us!

  _Lus._ Hippolito!

  _Hip._ Your honour, I stand ready for any duteous employment.

  _Lus._ Heart! what mak'st thou here?

  _Hip._ A pretty lordly humour!
  He bids me be present to depart; something
  Has stung his honour.

  _Lus._ Be nearer; draw nearer:
  Ye're not so good, methinks; I'm angry with you.

  _Hip._ With me, my lord? I'm angry with myself for't.

  _Lus._ You did prefer a goodly fellow to me:
  'Twas wittily elected; 'twas. I thought
  He had been a villain, and he proves a knave--
  To me a knave.

  _Hip._ I chose him for the best, my lord:
  'Tis much my sorrow, if neglect in him
  Breed discontent in you.

  _Lus._ Neglect! 'twas will. Judge of it.
  Firmly to tell of an incredible act,
  Not to be thought, less to be spoken of,
  'Twixt my step-mother and the bastard; oh!
  Incestuous sweets between 'em.

  _Hip._ Fie, my lord!

  _Lus._ I, in kind loyalty to my father's forehead,
  Made this a desperate arm; and in that fury
  Committed treason on the lawful bed,
  And with my sword e'en rased my father's bosom,
  For which I was within a stroke of death.

  _Hip._ Alack! I'm sorry. 'Sfoot, just upon the stroke,
  Jars in my brother; 'twill be villainous music.

   _Enter_ VENDICE, _disguised._

  _Ven._ My honoured lord.

  _Lus._ Away! prythee, forsake us: hereafter we'll not know thee.

  _Ven._ Not know me, my lord! your lordship cannot choose.

  _Lus._ Begone, I say: thou art a false knave.

  _Ven._ Why, the easier to be known, my lord.

  _Lus._ Pish! I shall prove too bitter, with a word
  Make thee a perpetual prisoner,
  And lay this iron age upon thee.

  _Ven._ Mum!
  For there's a doom would make a woman dumb.
  Missing the bastard--next him--the wind's come about:
  Now 'tis my brother's turn to stay, mine to go out.
  [_Aside. Exit._

  _Lus._ He has greatly moved me.

  _Hip._ Much to blame, i' faith.

  _Lus._ But I'll recover, to his ruin. 'Twas told me lately,
  I know not whether falsely, that you'd a brother.

  _Hip._ Who, I? yes, my good lord, I have a brother.

  _Lus._ How chance the court ne'er saw him? of what nature?
  How does he apply his hours?

  _Hip._ Faith, to curse fates
  Who, as he thinks, ordained him to be poor--
  Keeps at home, full of want and discontent.

  _Lus._ There's hope in him; for discontent and want
  Is the best clay to mould a villain of. [_Aside._
  Hippolito, wish him repair to us:
  If there be ought in him to please our blood,
  For thy sake we'll advance him, and build fair
  His meanest fortunes; for it is in us
  To rear up towers from cottages.

  _Hip._ It is so, my lord: he will attend your honour;
  But he's a man in whom much melancholy dwells.

  _Lus._ Why, the better; bring him to court.

  _Hip._ With willingness and speed:
  Whom he cast off e'en now, must now succeed.
  Brother, disguise must off;
  In thine own shape now I'll prefer thee to him:
  How strangely does himself work to undo him!
  [_Aside. Exit._

  _Lus._ This fellow will come fitly; he shall kill
  That other slave, that did abuse my spleen,
  And made it swell to treason. I have put
  Much of my heart into him; he must die.
  He that knows great men's secrets, and proves slight,[221]
  That man ne'er lives to see his beard turn white.
  Ay, he shall speed him: I'll employ the brother;
  Slaves are but nails to drive out one another.
  He being of black condition, suitable
  To want and ill-content, hope of preferment
  Will grind him to an edge.

   _Enter_ Nobles.

  _1st Noble._ Good days unto your honour.

  _Lus._ My kind lords, I do return the like.

  _2nd Noble._ Saw you my lord the duke?

  _Lus._ My lord and father! is he from court?

  _1st Noble._ He's sure from court;
  But where--which way his pleasure took, we know not,
  Nor can we hear on't.

  _Lus._ Here come those should tell.
  Saw you my lord and father?

  _3rd Noble._ Not since two hours before noon, my lord,
  And then he privately rode forth.

  _Lus._ O, he's rid forth.

  _1st Noble._ 'Twas wondrous privately.

  _2nd Noble._ There's none i' th' court had any knowledge on't.

  _Lus._ His grace is old and sudden: 'tis no treason
  To say the duke, my father, has a humour,
  Or such a toy about him; what in us
  Would appear light, in him seems virtuous.

  _3rd Noble._ 'Tis oracle, my lord. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE II.--_An Apartment in the Palace._

   _Enter_ VENDICE, _out of his disguise, and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Hip._ So, so, all's as it should be, y'are yourself.

  _Ven._ How that great villain puts me to my shifts!

  _Hip._ He that did lately in disguise reject thee,
  Shall, now thou art thyself, as much respect thee.

  _Ven._ 'Twill be the quainter fallacy. But, brother,
  'Sfoot, what use will he put me to now, think'st thou?

  _Hip._ Nay, you must pardon me in that: I know not.
  He has some employment for you: but what 'tis,
  He and his secretary (the devil) know best.

  _Ven._ Well, I must suit my tongue to his desires,
  What colour soe'er they be; hoping at last
  To pile up all my wishes on his breast.

  _Hip._ Faith, brother, he himself shows the way.

  _Ven._ Now the duke is dead, the realm is clad in clay.
  His death being not yet known, under his name
  The people still are governed. Well, thou his son
  Art not long-lived: thou shalt not joy his death.
  To kill thee, then, I should most honour thee;
  For 'twould stand firm in every man's belief,
  Thou'st a kind child, and only died'st with grief.

  _Hip._ You fetch about well; but let's talk in present.
  How will you appear in fashion different,
  As well as in apparel, to make all things possible?
  If you be but once tripped, we fall for ever.
  It is not the least policy to be doubtful;
  You must change tongue: familiar was your first.

  _Ven._ Why, I'll bear me in some strain of melancholy,
  And string myself with heavy-sounding wire,
  Like such an instrument, that speaks merry things sadly.

  _Hip._ Then 'tis as I meant;
  I gave you out at first in discontent.

  _Ven._ I'll tune myself, and then--

  _Hip._ 'Sfoot, here he comes. Hast thought upon't?

  _Ven._ Salute him; fear not me.

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO.

  _Lus._ Hippolito!

  _Hip._ Your lordship--

  _Lus._ What's he yonder?

  _Hip._ 'Tis Vendice, my discontented brother,
  Whom, 'cording to your will, I've brought to court.

  _Lus._ Is that thy brother? Beshrew me, a good presence;
  I wonder he has been from the court so long.
  Come nearer.

  _Hip._ Brother! Lord Lussurioso, the duke's son.

  _Lus._ Be more near to us; welcome; nearer yet.

  _Ven._ How don you? gi' you good den.
  [_Takes off his hat and bows._

  _Lus._ We thank thee.
  How strangely such a coarse homely salute
  Shows in the palace, where we greet in fire,
  Nimble and desperate tongues! should we name
  God in a salutation, 'twould ne'er be stood on;--Heaven!
  Tell me, what has made thee so melancholy?

  _Ven._ Why, going to law.

  _Lus._ Why, will that make a man melancholy?

  _Ven._ Yes, to look long upon ink and black buckram. I went me to
  law in _anno quadragesimo secundo_, and I waded out of it in _anno
  sexagesimo tertio_.

  _Lus._ What, three-and-twenty years in law?

  _Ven._ I have known those that have been five-and-fifty, and all about
  pullen[222] and pigs.

  _Lus._ May it be possible such men should breathe,
  To vex the terms so much?

  _Ven._ 'Tis food to some, my lord. There are old men at the present,
  that are so poisoned with the affectation of law-words (having had
  many suits canvassed), that their common talk is nothing but Barbary
  Latin. They cannot so much as pray but in law, that their sins may be
  removed with a writ of error, and their souls fetched up to Heaven with
  a sasarara.[223]

  _Lus._ It seems most strange to me;
  Yet all the world meets round in the same bent:
  Where the heart's set, there goes the tongue's consent.
  How dost apply thy studies, fellow?

  _Ven._ Study? why, to think how a great rich man lies a-dying, and a
  poor cobbler tolls the bell for him. How he cannot depart the world,
  and see the great chest stand before him; when he lies speechless,
  how he will point you readily to all the boxes; and when he is past
  all memory, as the gossips guess, then thinks he of forfeitures and
  obligations; nay, when to all men's hearings he whurls and rattles in
  the throat, he's busy threatening his poor tenants. And this would last
  me now some seven years' thinking, or thereabouts. But I have a conceit
  a-coming in picture upon this; I draw it myself, which, i' faith, la,
  I'll present to your honour; you shall not choose but like it, for your
  honour shall give me nothing for it.

  _Lus._ Nay, you mistake me, then,
  For I am published bountiful enough.
  Let's taste of your conceit.

  _Ven._ In picture, my Lord?

  _Lus._ Ay, in picture.

  _Ven._ Marry, this it is--"A usuring father to be boiling in hell, and
  his son and heir with a whore dancing over him."

  _Hip._ He has pared him to the quick. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ The conceit's pretty, i' faith;
  But, take't upon my life, 'twill ne'er be liked.

  _Ven._ No? why I'm sure the whore will be liked well enough.

  _Hip._ Aye, if she were out o' the picture, he'd like her then himself.

  _Ven._ And as for the son and heir, he shall be an eyesore to no young
  revellers, for he shall be drawn in cloth-of-gold breeches.

  _Lus._ And thou hast put my meaning in the pockets,
  And canst not draw that out? My thought was this:
  To see the picture of a usuring father
  Boiling in hell--our rich men would never like it.

  _Ven._ O, true, I cry you heartily mercy,
  I know the reason, for some of them had rather
  Be damned in deed than damned in colours.

  _Lus._ A parlous melancholy! he has wit enough
  To murder any man, and I'll give him means. [_Aside._
  I think thou art ill-moneyed?

  _Ven._ Money! ho, ho!
  'T has been my want so long, 'tis now my scoff:
  I've e'en forgot what colour silver's of.

  _Lus._ It hits as I could wish. [_Aside._

  _Ven._ I get good clothes
  Of those that dread my humour; and for table-room
  I feed on those that cannot be rid of me.

  _Lus._ Somewhat to set thee up withal.
  [_Gives him money._

  _Ven._ O mine eyes!

  _Lus._ How now, man?

  _Ven._ Almost struck blind;
  This bright unusual shine to me seems proud;
  I dare not look till the sun be in a cloud.

  _Lus._ I think I shall affect[224] his melancholy,
  How are they now?

  _Ven._ The better for your asking.

  _Lus._ You shall be better yet, if you but fasten
  Truly on my intent. Now y'are both present,
  I will unbrace such a close private villain
  Unto your vengeful swords, the like ne'er heard of,
  Who hath disgraced you much, and injured us.

  _Hip._ Disgraced us, my lord?

  _Lus._ Ay, Hippolito.
  I kept it here till now, that both your angers
  Might meet him at once.

  _Ven._ I'm covetous
  To know the villain.

  _Lus._ You know him: that slave-pander,
  Piato, whom we threatened last
  With irons in perpetual 'prisonment.

  _Ven._ All this is I. [_Aside._

  _Hip._ Is't he, my lord?

  _Lus._ I'll tell you; you first preferred him to me.

  _Ven._ Did you, brother?

  _Hip._ I did indeed.

  _Lus._ And the ungrateful villain,
  To quit that kindness, strongly wrought with me--
  Being, as you see, a likely man for pleasure--
  With jewels to corrupt your virgin sister.

  _Hip._ O villain!

  _Ven._ He shall surely die that did it.

  _Lus._ I, far from thinking any virgin harm,
  Especially knowing her to be as chaste
  As that part which scarce suffers to be touched--
  The eye--would not endure him.

  _Ven._ Would you not, my lord?
  'Twas wondrous honourably done.

  _Lus._ But with some fine frowns kept him out.

  _Ven._ Out, slave!

  _Lus._ What did me he, but in revenge of that,
  Went of his own free will to make infirm
  Your sister's honour (whom I honour with my soul
  For chaste respect) and not prevailing there
  (As 'twas but desperate folly to attempt it),
  In mere spleen, by the way, waylays your mother,
  Whose honour being a coward as it seems,
  Yielded by little force.

  _Ven._ Coward indeed!

  _Lus._ He, proud of this advantage (as he thought),
  Brought me this news for happy. But I, Heaven forgive me for't!--

  _Ven._ What did your honour?

  _Lus._ In rage pushed him from me,
  Trampled beneath his throat, spurned him, and bruised:
  Indeed I was too cruel, to say troth.

  _Hip._ Most nobly managed!

  _Ven._ Has not Heaven an ear? is all the lightning wasted?

  _Lus._ If I now were so impatient in a modest cause,
  What should you be?

  _Ven._ Full mad: he shall not live
  To see the moon change.

  _Lus._ He's about the palace;
  Hippolito, entice him this way, that thy brother
  May take full mark of him.

  _Hip._ Heart! that shall not need, my lord:
  I can direct him so far.

  _Lus._ Yet for my hate's sake,
  Go, wind him this way. I'll see him bleed myself.

  _Hip._ What now, brother? [_Aside._

  _Ven._ Nay, e'en what you will--y'are put to't, brother.

  _Hip._ An impossible task, I'll swear,
  To bring him hither, that's already here.
  [_Aside and Exit._

  _Lus._ Thy name? I have forgot it.

  _Ven._ Vendice, my lord.

  _Lus._ 'Tis a good name that.

  _Ven._ Ay, a revenger.

  _Lus._ It does betoken courage; thou shouldst be valiant,
  And kill thine enemies.

  _Ven._ That's my hope, my lord.

  _Lus._ This slave is one.

  _Ven._ I'll doom him.

  _Lus._ Then I'll praise thee.
  Do thou observe me best, and I'll best raise thee.

   _Re-enter_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Ven._ Indeed, I thank you.

  _Lus._ Now, Hippolito, where's the slave-pander?

  _Hip._ Your good lordship
  Would have a loathsome sight of him, much offensive.
  He's not in case now to be seen, my lord.
  The worst of all the deadly sins is in him--
  That beggarly damnation, drunkenness.

  _Lus._ Then he's a double slave.

  _Ven._ 'Twas well conveyed upon a sudden wit.

  _Lus._ What, are you both
  Firmly resolved? I'll see him dead myself.

  _Ven._ Or else let not us live.

  _Lus._ You may direct your brother to take note of him.

  _Hip._ I shall.

  _Lus._ Rise but in this, and you shall never fall.

  _Ven._ Your honour's vassals.

  _Lus._ This was wisely carried. [_Aside._
  Deep policy in us makes fools of such:
  Then must a slave die, when he knows too much.

  _Ven._ O thou almighty patience! 'tis my wonder
  That such a fellow, impudent and wicked,
  Should not be cloven as he stood;
  Or with a secret wind burst open!
  Is there no thunder left: or is't kept up
  In stock for heavier vengeance? [_Thunder_] there it goes!

  _Hip._ Brother, we lose ourselves.

  _Ven._ But I have found it;
  'Twill hold, 'tis sure; thanks, thanks to any spirit,
  That mingled it 'mongst my inventions.

  _Hip._ What is't?

  _Ven._ 'Tis sound and good; thou shalt partake it;
  I'm hired to kill myself.

  _Hip._ True.

  _Ven._ Prythee, mark it;
  And the old duke being dead, but not conveyed,
  For he's already missed too, and you know
  Murder will peep out of the closest husk--

  _Hip._ Most true.

  _Ven._ What say you then to this device?
  If we dressed up the body of the duke?

  _Hip._ In that disguise of yours?

  _Ven._ Y'are quick, y' have reached it.

  _Hip._ I like it wondrously.

  _Ven._ And being in drink, as you have published him.
  To lean him on his elbow, as if sleep had caught him,
  Which claims most interest in such sluggy men?

  _Hip._ Good yet; but here's a doubt;
  We, thought by the duke's son to kill that pander,
  Shall, when he is known, be thought to kill the duke.

  _Ven._ Neither, O thanks! it is substantial:
  For that disguise being on him which I wore,
  It will be thought I, which he calls the pander, did kill the duke,
  and fled away in his apparel, leaving him so disguised to avoid swift

  _Hip._ Firmer and firmer.

  _Ven._ Nay, doubt not, 'tis in grain: I warrant it holds colour.

  _Hip._ Let's about it.

  _Ven._ By the way, too, now I think on't, brother,
  Let's conjure that base devil out of our mother.

  SCENE III.--_A Corridor in the Palace._

   _Enter the_ DUCHESS, _arm in arm with_ SPURIO, _looking lasciviously
   on her. After them, enter_ SUPERVACUO, _with a rapier, running;_
   AMBITIOSO _stops him._

  _Spu._ Madam, unlock yourself;
  Should it be seen, your arm would be suspected.

  _Duch._ Who is't that dares suspect or this or these?
  May not we deal our favours where we please?

  _Spu._ I'm confident you may.
  [_Exeunt_ DUCHESS _and_ SPURIO.

  _Amb._ 'Sfoot, brother, hold.

  _Sup._ Wouldst let the bastard shame us?

  _Amb._ Hold, hold, brother! there's fitter time than now.

  _Sup._ Now, when I see it!

  _Amb._ 'Tis too much seen already.

  _Sup._ Seen and known;
  The nobler she's, the baser is she grown.

  _Amb._ If she were bent lasciviously (the fault
  Of mighty women, that sleep soft)--O death!
  Must she needs choose such an unequal sinner,
  To make all worse?--

  _Sup._ A bastard! the duke's bastard! shame heaped on shame!

  _Amb._ O our disgrace!
  Most women have small waists the world throughout;
  But their desires are thousand miles about.

  _Sup._ Come, stay not here, let's after, and prevent,
  Or else they'll sin faster than we'll repent. [_Exeunt._

  SCENE IV.--_A Room in_ GRATIANA'S _House._

   _Enter_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO, _bringing out_ GRATIANA _by the
   shoulders, and with daggers in their hands._

  _Ven._ O thou, for whom no name is bad enough!

  _Gra._ What mean my sons? what, will you murder me?

  _Ven._ Wicked, unnatural parent!

  _Hip._ Fiend of women!

  _Gra._ O! are sons turned monsters? help!

  _Ven._ In vain.

  _Gra._ Are you so barbarous to set iron nipples
  Upon the breast that gave you suck?

  _Ven._ That breast
  Is turned to quarled[225] poison.

  _Gra._ Cut not your days for't! am not I your mother?[226]

  _Ven._ Thou dost usurp that title now by fraud,
  For in that shell of mother breeds a bawd.

  _Gra._ A bawd! O name far loathsomer than hell!

  _Hip._ It should be so, knew'st thou thy office well.

  _Gra._ I hate it.

  _Ven._ Ah! is't possible? thou only? Powers on high,
  That women should dissemble when they die!

  _Gra._ Dissemble!

  _Ven._ Did not the duke's son direct
  A fellow of the world's condition hither,
  That did corrupt all that was good in thee?
  Made thee uncivilly forget thyself,
  And work our sister to his lust?

  _Gra._ Who, I?
  That had been monstrous. I defy that man
  For any such intent! none lives so pure,
  But shall be soiled with slander. Good son, believe it not.

  _Ven._ O, I'm in doubt,
  Whether I am myself, or no--[_Aside._
  Stay, let me look again upon this face.
  Who shall be saved, when mothers have no grace?

  _Hip._ 'Twould make one half despair.

  _Ven._ I was the man.
  Defy me now; let's see, do't modestly.

  _Gra._ O hell unto my soul!

  _Ven._ In that disguise, I, sent from the duke's son,
  Tried you, and found you base metal,
  As any villain might have done.

  _Gra._ O, no,
  No tongue but yours could have bewitched me so.

  _Ven._ O nimble in damnation, quick in tune!
  There is no devil could strike fire so soon:
  I am confuted in a word.

  _Gra._ O sons, forgive me! to myself I'll prove more true;
  You that should honour me, I kneel to you.
  [_Kneels and weeps._

  _Ven._ A mother to give aim to her own daughter![227]

  _Hip._ True, brother; how far beyond nature 'tis.

  _Ven._ Nay, an you draw tears once, go you to bed;
  We will make iron blush and change to red.
  Brother, it rains. 'Twill spoil your dagger: house it.

  _Hip._ 'Tis done.

  _Ven._ I' faith, 'tis a sweet shower, it does much good.
  The fruitful grounds and meadows of her soul
  Have been long dry: pour down, thou blessed dew!
  Rise, mother; troth, this shower has made you higher!

  _Gra._ O you Heavens! take this infectious spot out of my soul,
  I'll rinse it in seven waters of mine eyes!
  Make my tears salt enough to taste of grace.
  To weep is to our sex naturally given:
  But to weep truly, that's a gift from Heaven.

  _Ven._ Nay, I'll kiss you now. Kiss her, brother:
  Let's marry her to our souls, wherein's no lust,
  And honourably love her.

  _Hip._ Let it be.

  _Ven._ For honest women are so seld and rare,
  'Tis good to cherish those poor few that are.
  O you of easy wax! do but imagine
  Now the disease has left you, how leprously
  That office would have clinged unto your forehead!
  All mothers that had any graceful hue
  Would have worn masks to hide their face at you:
  It would have grown to this--at your foul name,
  Green-coloured maids would have turned red with shame.

  _Hip._ And then our sister, full of hire and baseness--

  _Ven._ There had been boiling lead again,
  The duke's son's great concubine!
  A drab of state, a cloth-o'-silver slut,
  To have her train borne up, and her soul trail i' the dirt!

  _Hip._ Great, to be miserably great; rich, to be eternally wretched.

  _Ven._ O common madness!
  Ask but the thrivingest harlot in cold blood,
  She'd give the world to make her honour good.
  Perhaps you'll say, but only to the duke's son
  In private; why she first begins with one,
  Who afterward to thousands prove a whore:
  "Break ice in one place, it will crack in more."

  _Gra._ Most certainly applied!

  _Hip._ O brother, you forget our business.

  _Ven._ And well-remembered; joy's a subtle elf,
  I think man's happiest when he forgets himself.
  Farewell, once dry, now holy-watered mead;
  Our hearts wear feathers, that before wore lead.

  _Gra._ I'll give you this--that one I never knew
  Plead better for and 'gainst the devil than you.

  _Ven._ You make me proud on't.

  _Hip._ Commend us in all virtue to our sister.

  _Ven._ Ay, for the love of Heaven, to that true maid.

  _Gra._ With my best words.

  _Ven._ Why, that was motherly said.[228]
  [_Exeunt_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Gra._ I wonder now, what fury did transport me!
  I feel good thoughts begin to settle in me.
  O, with what forehead can I look on her,
  Whose honour I've so impiously beset?
  And here she comes--

   _Enter_ CASTIZA.

  _Cas._ Now, mother, you have wrought with me so strongly
  That what for my advancement, as to calm
  The trouble of your tongue, I am content.

  _Gra._ Content, to what?

  _Cas._ To do as you have wished me;
  To prostitute my breast to the duke's son;
  And put myself to common usury.

  _Gra._ I hope you will not so!

  _Cas._ Hope you I will not?
  That's not the hope you look to be saved in.

  _Gra._ Truth, but it is.

  _Cas._ Do not deceive yourself;
  I am as you, e'en out of marble wrought.
  What would you now? are ye not pleased yet with me?
  You shall not wish me to be more lascivious
  Than I intend to be.

  _Gra._ Strike not me cold.

  _Cas._ How often have you charged me on your blessing
  To be a cursèd woman? When you knew
  Your blessing had no force to make me lewd,
  You laid your curse upon me: that did more,
  The mother's curse is heavy; where that fights,
  Suns set in storm, and daughters lose their lights.

  _Gra._ Good child, dear maid, if there be any spark
  Of heavenly intellectual fire within thee,
  O, let my breath revive it to a flame!
  Put not all out with woman's wilful follies.
  I am recovered of that foul disease,
  That haunts too many mothers; kind, forgive me,
  Make me not sick in health! If then
  My words prevailed, when they were wickedness,
  How much more now, when they are just and good?

  _Cas._ I wonder what you mean! are not you she,
  For whose infect persuasions I could scarce
  Kneel out my prayers, and had much ado
  In three hours' reading to untwist so much
  Of the black serpent as you wound about me?

  _Gra._ 'Tis unfruitful, child, and tedious to repeat
  What's past; I'm now your present mother.

  _Cas._ Tush! now 'tis too late.

  _Gra._ Bethink again: thou know'st not what thou say'st.

  _Cas._ No! deny advancement? treasure? the duke's son?

  _Gra._ O, see! I spoke those words, and now they poison me!
  What will the deed do then?
  Advancement? true; as high as shame can pitch!
  For treasure; who e'er knew a harlot rich?
  Or could build by the purchase of her sin
  An hospital to keep her bastards in?
  The duke's son! O, when women are young courtiers,
  They are sure to be old beggars;
  To know the miseries most harlots taste,
  Thou'dst wish thyself unborn, when thou art unchaste.

  _Cas._ O mother, let me twine about your neck,
  And kiss you, till my soul melt on your lips!
  I did but this to try you.

  _Gra._ O, speak truth!

  _Cas._ Indeed I did but; for no tongue has force
  To alter me from honest.
  If maidens would, men's words could have no power;
  A virgin's honour is a crystal tower
  Which (being weak) is guarded with good spirits;
  Until she basely yields, no ill inherits.

  _Gra_, O happy child! faith, and thy birth hath saved me.
  'Mong thousand daughters, happiest of all others:
  Be thou a glass for maids, and I for mothers.


  SCENE I._--A Room in the Lodge. The_ DUKE'S _corpse, dressed in_
  VENDICE'S _disguise, lying on a couch._

   _Enter_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Ven._ So, so, he leans well; take heed you wake him not, brother.

  _Hip._ I warrant you my life for yours.

  _Ven._ That's a good lay, for I must kill myself.
  Brother, that's I, that sits for me: do you mark it? And I must stand
  ready here to make away myself yonder. I must sit to be killed, and
  stand to kill myself. I could vary it not so little as thrice over
  again; 't has some eight returns, like Michaelmas term.[229]

  _Hip._  That's enow, o' conscience.

  _Ven._ But, sirrah, does the duke's son come single?

  _Hip._ No; there's the hell on't: his faith's too feeble to go alone.
  He brings flesh-flies after him, that will buzz against supper-time,
  and hum for his coming out.

  _Ven._ Ah, the fly-flap of vengeance beat 'em to pieces! Here was
  the sweetest occasion, the fittest hour, to have made my revenge
  familiar with him; show him the body of the duke his father, and how
  quaintly he died, like a politician, in hugger-mugger,[230] made no
  man acquainted with it; and in catastrophe slay him over his father's
  breast. O, I'm mad to lose such a sweet opportunity!

  _Hip._ Nay, tush! prythee, be content! there's no remedy present; may
  not hereafter times open in as fair faces as this?

  _Ven._ They may, if they can paint so well.

  _Hip._ Come now: to avoid all suspicion, let's forsake this room, and
  be going to meet the duke's son.

  _Ven._ Content: I'm for any weather. Heart! step close: here he comes.

   _Enter_ LUSSURIOSO.

  _Hip._ My honoured lord!

  _Lus._ O me! you both present?

  _Ven._ E'en newly, my lord, just as your lordship entered now: about
  this place we had notice given he should be, but in some loathsome
  plight or other.

  _Hip._ Came your honour private?

  _Lus._ Private enough for this; only a few
  Attend my coming out.

  _Hip._ Death rot those few! [_Aside._

  _Lus._ Stay, yonder's the slave.

  _Ven._ Mass, there's the slave, indeed, my lord.
  'Tis a good child: he calls his father a slave! [_Aside._

  _Lus._ Ay, that's the villain, the damned villain.
  Softly. Tread easy.

  _Ven._ Pah! I warrant you, my lord, we'll stifle in
  our breaths.

  _Lus._ That will do well:
  Base rogue, thou sleepest thy last; 'tis policy
  To have him killed in's sleep; for if he waked,
  He would betray all to them.

  _Ven._ But, my lord--

  _Lus._ Ha, what say'st?

  _Ven._ Shall we kill him now he's drunk?

  _Lus._ Ay, best of all.

  _Ven._ Why, then he will ne'er live to be sober.

  _Lus._ No matter, let him reel to hell.

  _Ven._ But being so full of liquor, I fear he will put out all the fire.

  _Lus._ Thou art a mad beast.

  _Ven._ And leave none to warm your lordship's golls[231] withal; for he
  that dies drunk falls into hell-fire like a bucket of water--qush, qush!

  _Lus._ Come, be ready: nake[232] your swords: think of your wrongs;
  this slave has injured you.

  _Ven._ Troth, so he has, and he has paid well for't.

  _Lus._ Meet with him now.

  _Ven._ You'll bear us out, my lord?

  _Lus._ Pooh! am I a lord for nothing, think you? quickly now!

  _Ven._ Sa, sa, sa, thump [_Stabs the_ DUKE'S _corpse_]--there he lies.

  _Lus._ Nimbly done.--Ha! O villains! murderers!
  'Tis the old duke, my father.

  _Ven._ That's a jest.

  _Lus._ What stiff and cold already!
  O, pardon me to call you from your names:
  'Tis none of your deed. That villain Piato,
  Whom you thought now to kill, has murdered
  And left him thus disguised.

  _Hip._ And not unlikely.

  _Ven._ O rascal! was he not ashamed
  To put the duke into a greasy doublet?

  _Lus._ He has been stiff and cold--who knows how long?

  _Ven._ Marry, that I do. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ No words, I pray, of anything intended.

  _Ven._ O my lord.

  _Hip._ I would fain have your lordship think that we have small reason
  to prate.

  _Lus._ Faith, thou say'st true; I'll forthwith send to court
  For all the nobles, bastard, duchess; tell,
  How here by miracle we found him dead,
  And in his raiment that foul villain fled.

  _Ven._ That will be the best way, my lord,
  To clear us all; let's cast about to be clear.

  _Lus._ Ho! Nencio, Sordido, and the rest!

   _Enter all of them._

  _1st Ser._ My lord.

  _2nd Ser._ My lord.

  _Lus._ Be witnesses of a strange spectacle.
  Choosing for private conference that sad room,
  We found the duke my father gealed in blood.

  _1st Ser._ My lord the duke! run, hie thee, Nencio.
  Startle the court by signifying so much.

  _Ven._ Thus much by wit a deep revenger can,
  When murder's known, to be the clearest man.
  We're farthest off, and with as bold an eye
  Survey his body as the standers-by. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ My royal father, too basely let blood
  By a malevolent slave!

  _Hip._ Hark! he calls thee slave again. [_Aside._

  _Ven._ He has lost: he may. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ O sight! look hither, see, his lips are gnawn
  With poison.

  _Ven._ How! his lips? by the mass, they be.
  O villain! O rogue! O slave! O rascal!

  _Hip._ O good deceit! he quits him with like terms.

  _Amb._ [_Within._] Where?

  _Sup._ [_Within._] Which way?

   _Enter_ AMBITIOSO _and_ SUPERVACUO, _with_ Nobles _and_ Gentlemen.

  _Amb._ Over what roof hangs this prodigious comet
  In deadly fire?

  _Lus._ Behold, behold, my lords, the duke my father's murdered by a
  vassal that owes this habit, and here left disguised.

   _Enter_ DUCHESS _and_ SPURIO.

  _Duch._ My lord and husband!

  _1st Noble._ Reverend majesty!

  _2nd Noble._ I have seen these clothes often attending on him.

  _Ven._ That nobleman has been' i' th' country, for he does not lie.

  _Sup._ Learn of our mother; let's dissemble too:
  I am glad he's vanished; so, I hope, are you.

  _Amb._ Ay, you may take my word for't.

  _Spu._ Old dad dead!
  I, one of his cast sins, will send the Fates
  Most hearty commendations by his own son;
  I'll tug in the new stream, till strength be done.

  _Lus._ Where be those two that did affirm to us,
  My lord the duke was privately rid forth?

  _1st Gent._ O, pardon us, my lords; he gave that charge--
  Upon our lives, if he were missed at court,
  To answer so; he rode not anywhere;
  We left him private with that fellow here.

  _Ven._ Confirmed. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ O Heavens! that false charge was his death.
  Impudent beggars! durst you to our face
  Maintain such a false answer? Bear him straight
  To execution.

  _1st Gent._ My lord!

  _Lus._ Urge me no more in this!
  The excuse may be called half the murder.

  _Ven._ You've sentenced well. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ Away; see it be done.

  _Ven._ Could you not stick? See what confession doth!
  Who would not lie, when men are hanged for truth?

  _Hip._ Brother, how happy is our vengeance! [_Aside._

  _Ven._ Why, it hits past the apprehension of
  Indifferent wits. [_Aside._

  _Lus._ My lord, let post-horses be sent
  Into all places to entrap the villain.

  _Ven._ Post-horses, ha, ha! [_Aside._

  _1st Noble._ My lord, we're something bold to know our duty.
  Your father's accidentally departed;
  The titles that were due to him meet you.

  _Lus._ Meet me! I'm not at leisure, my good lord.
  I've many griefs to despatch out o' the way.
  Welcome, sweet titles!--[_Aside._
  Talk to me, my lords,
  Of sepulchres and mighty emperors' bones;
  That's thought for me.

  _Ven._ So one may see by this
  How foreign markets go;
  Courtiers have feet o' the nines, and tongues o' the twelves;
  They flatter dukes, and dukes flatter themselves. [_Aside._

  _2nd Noble._ My lord, it is your shine must comfort us.

  _Lus._ Alas! I shine in tears, like the sun in April.

  _1st Noble._ You're now my lord's grace.

  _Lus._ My lord's grace! I perceive you'll have it so.

  _2nd Noble._ 'Tis but your own.

  _Lus._ Then, Heavens, give me grace to be so!

  _Ven._ He prays well for himself. [_Aside_.

  _1st Noble._ Madam, all sorrows
  Must run their circles into joys. No doubt but time
  Will make the murderer bring forth himself.

  _Ven._ He were an ass then, i' faith. [_Aside_.

  _1st Noble._ In the mean season,
  Let us bethink the latest funeral honours
  Due to the duke's cold body. And withal,
  Calling to memory our new happiness
  Speed in his royal son: lords, gentlemen,
  Prepare for revels.

  _Ven._ Revels! [_Aside._

  _1st Noble._ Time hath several falls.
  Griefs lift up joys: feasts put down funerals.

  _Lus._ Come then, my lords, my favour's to you all.
  The duchess is suspected foully bent;
  I'll begin dukedom with her banishment. [_Aside._
  [_Exeunt_ LUSSURIOSO, DUCHESS, _and_ Nobles.

  _Hip._ Revels!

  _Ven._ Ay, that's the word: we are firm yet;
  Strike one strain more, and then we crown our wit.
  [_Exeunt_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO.

  _Spu._ Well, have at the fairest mark--so said the duke when he begot me;
  And if I miss his heart, or near about,
  Then have at any; a bastard scorns to be out. [_Exit._

  _Sup._ Notest thou that Spurio, brother?

  _Ant._ Yes, I note him to our shame.

  _Sup._ He shall not live: his hair shall not grow much longer. In this
  time of revels, tricks may be set afoot. Seest thou yon new moon? it
  shall outlive the new duke by much; this hand shall dispossess him.
  Then we're mighty.

  A mask is treason's licence, that build upon:
  'Tis murder's best face, when a vizard's on. [_Exit._

  _Amb._ Is't so? 'tis very good!
  And do you think to be duke then, kind brother?
  I'll see fair play; drop one, and there lies t'other.

  SCENE II.--_A Room in_ PIERO'S _House._

   _Enter_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO, _with_ PIERO _and other_ Lords.

  _Ven._ My lords, be all of music, strike old griefs into other countries
  That flow in too much milk, and have faint livers,
  Not daring to stab home their discontents.
  Let our hid flames break out as fire, as lightning,
  To blast this villainous dukedom, vexed with sin;
  Wind up your souls to their full height again.

  _Piero._ How?

  _1st Lord._ Which way?

  _2nd Lord._ Any way: our wrongs are such,
  We cannot justly be revenged too much.

  _Ven._ You shall have all enough. Revels are toward,
  And those few nobles that have long suppressed you,
  Are busied to the furnishing of a masque,
  And do affect to make a pleasant tale on't:
  The masquing suits are fashioning: now comes in
  That which must glad us all. We too take pattern
  Of all those suits, the colour, trimming, fashion,
  E'en to an undistinguished hair almost:
  Then entering first, observing the true form,
  Within a strain or two we shall find leisure
  To steal our swords out handsomely;
  And when they think their pleasure sweet and good,
  In midst of all their joys they shall sigh blood.

  _Piero._ Weightily, effectually!

  _3rd Lord._ Before the t'other maskers come--

  _Ven._ We're gone, all done and past.

  _Piero._ But how for the duke's guard?

  _Ven._ Let that alone;
  By one and one their strengths shall be drunk down.

  _Hip._ There are five hundred gentlemen in the action,
  That will apply themselves, and not stand idle.

  _Piero._ O, let us hug your bosoms!

  _Ven._ Come, my lords,
  Prepare for deeds: let other times have words.

  SCENE III.--_Hall of State in the Palace._

   _In a dumb show, the possessing_[233] _of the_ YOUNG DUKE _with all
   his_ Nobles; _sounding music. A furnished table is brought forth;
   then enter the_ DUKE _and his_ Nobles _to the banquet. A blazing star

  _1st Noble._ Many harmonious hours and choicest pleasures
  Fill up the royal number of your years!

  _Lus._ My lords, we're pleased to thank you, though we know
  'Tis but your duty now to wish it so.

  _1st Noble._ That shine makes us all happy.

  _3rd Noble._ His grace frowns.

  _2nd Noble._ Yet we must say he smiles.

  _1st Noble._ I think we must.

  _Lus._ That foul incontinent duchess we have banished;
  The bastard shall not live. After these revels,
  I'll begin strange ones: he and the step-sons
  Shall pay their lives for the first subsidies;
  We must not frown so soon, else't had been now.

  _1st Noble._ My gracious lord, please you prepare for pleasure.
  The masque is not far off.

  _Lus._ We are for pleasure.
  Beshrew thee, what art thou? thou mad'st me start!
  Thou has committed treason. A blazing star!

  _1st Noble._ A blazing star! O, where, my lord?

  _Lus._ Spy out.

  _2nd Noble._ See, see, my lords, a wondrous dreadful one!

  _Lus._ I am not pleased at that ill-knotted fire,
  That bushing, staring star. Am I not duke?
  It should not quake me now. Had it appeared
  Before, it I might then have justly feared;
  But yet they say, whom art and learning weds,
  When stars wear locks, they threaten great men's heads:
  Is it so? you are read, my lords.

  _1st Noble._ May it please your grace,
  It shows great anger.

  _Lus._ That does not please our grace.

  _2nd Noble._ Yet here's the comfort, my lord: many times,
  When it seems most near, it threatens farthest off.

  _Lus._ Faith, and I think so too.

  _1st Noble._ Beside, my lord,
  You're gracefully established with the loves
  Of all your subjects; and for natural death,
  I hope it will be threescore years a-coming.

  _Lus._ True? no more but threescore years?

  _1st Noble._ Fourscore, I hope, my lord.

  _2nd Noble._ And fivescore, I.

  _3rd Noble._ But 'tis my hope, my lord, you shall ne'er die.

  _Lus._ Give me thy hand; these others I rebuke:
  He that hopes so is fittest for a duke:
  Thou shalt sit next me; take your places, lords;
  We're ready now for sports; let 'em set on:
  You thing! we shall forget you quite anon!

  _3rd Noble._ I hear 'em coming, my lord.

   _Enter the Masque of revengers:_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO, _with two_

  _Lus._ Ah, 'tis well!
  Brothers and bastard, you dance next in hell! [_Aside._

   [_They dance; at the end they steal out their swords, and kill the
   four seated at the table. Thunder._

  _Ven._ Mark, thunder!
  Dost know thy cue, thou big-voiced crier?
  Dukes' groans are thunder's watchwords.

  _Hip._ So, my lords, you have enough.

  _Ven._ Come, let's away, no lingering.

  _Hip._ Follow! go! [_Exeunt except_ VENDICE.

  _Ven._ No power is angry when the lustful die;
  When thunder claps, heaven likes the tragedy. [_Exit._

  _Lus._ O, O!

   _Enter the Masque of intended murderers:_ AMBITIOSO, SUPERVACUO,
   SPURIO, _and a_ Lord, _coming in dancing._ LUSSURIOSO _recovers a
   little in voice, groans, and calls_, "A guard! treason!" _at which
   the_ Dancers _start out of their measure, and, turning towards the
   table, find them all to be murdered._

  _Spu._ Whose groan was that?

  _Lus._ Treason! a guard!

  _Amb._ How now? all murdered!

  _Sup._ Murdered!

  _3rd. Lord._ And those his nobles?

  _Amb._ Here's a labour saved;
  I thought to have sped him. 'Sblood, how came this?

  _Spu._ Then I proclaim myself; now I am duke.

  _Amb._ Thou duke! brother, thou liest.

  _Spu._ Slave! so dost thou. [_Kills_ AMBITIOSO.

  _3rd Lord._ Base villain! hast thou slain my lord and master?
  [_Stabs_ SPURIO.

   _Re-enter_ VENDICE _and_ HIPPOLITO _and the two_ Lords.

  _Ven._ Pistols! treason! murder! Help! guard my lord the duke!

   _Enter_ ANTONIO _and_ Guard.

  _Hip._ Lay hold upon this traitor.

  _Lus._ O!

  _Ven._ Alas! the duke is murdered.

  _Hip._ And the nobles.

  _Ven._ Surgeons! surgeons! Heart! does he breathe so long?

  _Ant._ A piteous tragedy! able to make
  An old man's eyes bloodshot.

  _Lus._ O!

  _Ven._ Look to my lord the duke. A vengeance throttle him!
  Confess, thou murderous and unhallowed man,
  Didst thou kill all these?

  _3rd Lord._ None but the bastard, I.

  _Ven._ How came the duke slain, then?

  _3rd Lord._ We found him so.

  _Lus._ O villain!

  _Ven._ Hark!

  _Lus._ Those in the masque did murder us.

  _Ven._ La you now, sir--
  O marble impudence! will you confess now?

  _3rd Lord._ 'Sblood, 'tis all false.

  _Ant._ Away with that foul monster,
  Dipped in a prince's blood.

  _3rd Lord._ Heart! 'tis a lie.

  _Ant._ Let him have bitter execution.

  _Ven._ New marrow! no, I cannot be expressed.
  How fares my lord the duke?

  _Lus._ Farewell to all;
  He that climbs highest has the greatest fall.
  My tongue is out of office.

  _Ven._ Air, gentlemen, air.
  Now thou'lt not prate on't, 'twas Vendice murdered thee.
  [_Whispers in his ear._

  _Lus._ O!

  _Ven._ Murdered thy father. [_Whispers._

  _Lus._ O! [_Dies._

  _Ven._ And I am he--tell nobody: [_Whispers_] So, so, the duke's departed.

  _Ant._ It was a deadly hand that wounded him.
  The rest, ambitious who should rule and sway
  After his death, were so made all away.

  _Ven._ My lord was unlikely--

  _Hip._ Now the hope
  Of Italy lies in your reverend years.

  _Ven._ Your hair will make the silver age again,
  When there were fewer, but more honest men.

  _Ant._ The burthen's weighty, and will press age down;
  May I so rule, that Heaven may keep the crown!

  _Ven._ The rape of your good lady has been quitted
  With death on death.

  _Ant._ Just is the law above.
  But of all things it put me most to wonder
  How the old duke came murdered!

  _Ven._ O my lord!

  _Ant._ It was the strangeliest carried: I've not heard of the like.

  _Hip._ 'Twas all done for the best, my lord.

  _Ven._ All for your grace's good. We may be bold to speak it now,
  'Twas somewhat witty carried, though we say it--
  'Twas we two murdered him.

  _Ant._ You two?

  _Ven._ None else, i' faith, my lord. Nay, 'twas well-managed.

  _Ant._ Lay hands upon those villains!

  _Ven._ How! on us?

  _Ant._ Bear 'em to speedy execution.

  _Ven._ Heart! was't not for your good, my lord?

  _Ant._ My good! Away with 'em: such an old man as he!
  You, that would murder him, would murder me.

  _Ven._ Is't come about?

  _Hip._ 'Sfoot, brother, you begun.

  _Ven._ May not we set as well as the duke's son?
  Thou hast no conscience, are we not revenged?
  Is there one enemy left alive amongst those?
  'Tis time to die, when we're ourselves our foes:
  When murderers shut deeds close, this curse does seal 'em:
  If none disclose 'em, they themselves reveal 'em!
  This murder might have slept in tongueless brass
  But for ourselves, and the world died an ass.
  Now I remember too, here was Piato
  Brought forth a knavish sentence once;
  No doubt (said he), but time
  Will make the murderer bring forth himself.
  'Tis well he died; he was a witch.
  And now, my lord, since we are in for ever,
  This work was ours, which else might have been slipped!
  And if we list, we could have nobles clipped,
  And go for less than beggars; but we hate
  To bleed so cowardly: we have enough,
  I' faith, we're well, our mother turned, our sister true,
  We die after a nest of dukes. Adieu! [_Exeunt._

  _Ant._ How subtlely was that murder closed![234]
  Bear up
  Those tragic bodies: 'tis a heavy season;
  Pray Heaven their blood may wash away all treason!


  [1] See J. A. Symonds' _Shakespeare's Predecessors_, chap. xii., for a
  definition and description of this dramatic genus.

  [2] This play will be included in another volume of the Mermaid Series.

  [3] It ought, perhaps, to be mentioned that the remarks which follow
  are adapted in part from an essay on Webster published in my _Italian

  [4] Readers of this volume who are anxious to obtain more light upon
  Webster's art, must be referred to Lamb's notes in the _Specimens from
  English Dramatic Poets_, to Mr. Swinburne's article on John Webster
  in _The Nineteenth Century_ for June, 1886, and to my own essay upon
  _Vittoria Accoramboni_ in _Italian By-ways_ (Smith and Elder, 1883).

  The text adopted for Webster's two tragedies is that of Dyce's edition.
  His arrangement of scenes has been followed, except in the case of
  the _Vittoria Corombona_, which Dyce left undivided. The notes, too,
  are in the main extracted from the same source. With reference to
  Cyril Tourneur's plays, the text of _The Atheist's Tragedy_ has been
  modernised from Mr. Churton Collins's edition; that of _The Revenger's
  Tragedy_ is based upon the modernised version in Hazlitt's edition of
  Dodsley, collated throughout with Mr. Collins's text. Students of the
  English drama owe a debt of gratitude to Mr. Churton Collins for his
  scholarly issue of the complete works of Tourneur.

  [5] Martial, xiii. 2.

  [6] Martial, iv. 87.

  [7] Martial, xiii. 2.

  [8] Horace, _Epod._ iii.

  [9] _Epist._ i. 7.

  [10] Valerius Maximus, Lib. iii. 7.

  [11] Martial, x. 2.

  [12] Requite.

  [13] Violently dashed.

  [14] Different kinds of mummy were formerly used in medicine. "Mummie
  is become merchandise," says Sir Thomas Browne, "Mizraim cures wounds,
  and Pharaoh is sold for balsams." _Urn-Burial._

  [15] Open-work embroidery.

  [16] A sounding (but not a flourish) of trumpets or other wind

  [17] Coach. Fr. _Carrosse_.

  [18] _i.e._ More feathers were not dislodged from the helmets of the
  combatants at the great tilting-match.--_Steevens_.

  [19] Housings.

  [20] It is hardly possible to mark with any certainty the
  stage-business of this play. Though Brachiano, who has just withdrawn
  into a "closet," appears again when Flamineo calls him (_See_ p. 15),
  it would seem that the audience were to _imagine_ that a change of
  scene took place here to another apartment, as Flamineo says (p. 13):
  "Sister, my lord attends you in the banqueting-house."--_Dyce._

  [21] Quarrel.

  [22] _i.e._ Allow an adversary to aim in order to draw him on to
  continue playing.

  [23] The jack at bowls.

  [24] Leash.

  [25] A measuring instrument.

  [26] Vended.

  [27] A mark of good-will.

  [28] The lowest menials who rode in the vehicles which carried the
  domestic utensils from mansion to mansion.

  [29] Flamineo's speeches are half-asides.

  [30] Magnet.

  [31] State journey.

  [32] A prized antidote. "Andrea Racci, a physician of Florence, affirms
  the pound of 16 ounces to have been sold in the apothecaries' shops
  for 1,536 crowns, when the same weight of gold was only worth 148
  crowns."--Chambers's _Dict._, quoted by Dyce.

  [33] Haply, peradventure.

  [34] Danish.

  [35] See _Hamlet_, Act v. sc. 2. "This lapwing runs away with the shell
  on his head."

  [36] Polander.

  [37] Virgil, _Æn._ i. 26.

  [38] Antimony.

  [39] Read perhaps "lethal."

  [40] _i.e._ The motto.

  [41] Ovid, _Metam._ iii. 466.

  [42] Horse.

  [43] Given in charge.

  [44] Resident.

  [45] Shoes of leather.

  [46] Poulterer.

  [47] "And there besyden growen trees, that beren fulle faire Apples,
  and faire of colour to beholde; but whoso brekethe hem, or cuttethe hem
  in two, he schalle fynde within hem Coles and Cyndres."--_Maundeville's

  [48] _i.e._ Convinced.

  [49] With which floors were formerly strewed, before the introduction
  of carpets.

  [50] Corrupt text.

  [51] Cheat.

  [52] Mule.

  [53] Ovid, _Amor._ i. 8.

  [54] Portuguese coins, so called from the cross on one side.

  [55] Equal to sixpence.

  [56] "This White Devil of Italy sets off a bad cause so speciously, and
  pleads with such an innocence-resembling boldness, that we seem to see
  that matchless beauty of her face which inspires such gay confidence
  into her; and are ready to expect, when she has done her pleadings,
  that her very judges, her accusers, the grave ambassadors who sit as
  spectators, and all the court, will rise and make proffer to defend her
  in spite of the utmost conviction of her guilt; as the shepherds in
  Don Quixote make proffer to follow the beautiful shepherdess Marcela,
  'without reaping any profit out of her manifest resolution made there
  in their hearing.'

      "'So sweet and lovely does she make the shame,
      Which, like a canker in the fragrant rose,
      Does spot the beauty of her budding name.'"
                      C. Lamb. (_Spec. of Eng. Dram. Poets._)

  [57] Muddled up.

  [58] A man famous for his power of digesting all sorts of strange food.

  [59] Branded.

  [60] Ingenuously.

  [61] Rogue. Fr. _Gueux._

  [62] A corruption of God's death.

  [63] Brides formerly walked to church with their hair hanging loose
  behind. Anne Bullen's was thus dishevelled when she went to the altar
  with King Henry the Eighth.--_Steevens._

  [64] Registered.

  [65] _i.e._ Supplying borrowers with goods to be debited to them as

  [66] An allusion to the tribute imposed by Edgar which led to the
  extirpation of wolves in Britain.

  [67] Virgil, _Æn._ vii. 312.

  [68] Anticipate.

  [69] Syphilis.

      "Let him have Russian law for all his sins.
      What's that? A hundred blows on his bare shins."
                   Day's _Parliament of Bees_, 1641.

  [71] Two mediums for administering poison.

  [72] A play upon terms of hawking.

  [73] A magic glass.

  [74] Squat, _i.e._ the seat or form of a hare.

  [75] See _Herodotus_, lib. ii. c. 68, on the trochilus.

  [76] _i.e._ Fine.

  [77] This was nearly the form in which the election of a Pope was
  declared to the people.

  [78] Foolish.

  [79] Terms of the _manège_.

  [80] In the year 1598 Edward Squire was convicted of anointing the
  pummel of the Queen's saddle with poison, for which he was afterwards

  [81] Alluding to a woman's longing during pregnancy.

  [82] Here the audience were to suppose that a change of scene had taken
  place--that the stage now represented Brachiano's chamber: later on
  Gasparo says, "For Christian charity, avoid the chamber."

  [83] Rosette.

  [84] Orris powder.

  [85] See Pliny, Nat. Hist., viii. 27.

  [86] A species of plover.

  [87] Strong broth.

  [88] Smother.

  [89] A curtain on the stage.

  [90] "I never saw anything like this dirge, except the ditty which
  reminds Ferdinand of his drowned father in the Tempest. As that is of
  the water, watery; so this is of the earth, earthy. Both have that
  intenseness of feeling, which seems to resolve itself into the elements
  which it contemplates."--C. Lamb, _Spec. of Eng. Dram. Poets_.

  [91] Assured.

  [92] A low term for women.

  [93] Pir.

  [94] This plant, respecting which many superstitions prevailed, was
  said to give a loud shriek when it was torn up.

  [95] Bitch-hounds.

  [96] One of the fifty daughters of Danaus, the son of Belus, brother of
  Ægyptus. She preserved her husband Lynceus, who afterwards slew Danaus.

  [97] A French and Italian sword dance of fools.

  [98] Slang for "sword."

  [99] Martial ii. 91.

  [100] An actor of considerable eminence, who is supposed to have
  originally played the part of Brachiano. He is known to have been the
  original performer of Captain Goodlack in Heywood's _Fair Maid of
  the West_, of Sir John Belfare in Shirley's _Wedding_, and of Hanno
  in Nabbes's _Hannibal and Scipio._ When Marlowe's _Jew of Malta_ was
  revived about 1633 Perkins acted Barabas.

  [101] The twelfth Lord Berkeley. "My good lord," says Massinger,
  inscribing _The Renegado_ to him, "to be honoured for old nobility or
  hereditary titles, is not alone proper to yourself, but to some few
  of your rank, who may challenge the like privilege with you: but in
  our age to vouchsafe (as you have often done) a ready hand to raise
  the dejected spirits of the contemned sons of the Muses, such as would
  not suffer the glorious fire of poesy to be wholly extinguished, is so
  remarkable and peculiar to your lordship, that, with a full vote and
  suffrage, it is acknowledged that the patronage and protection of the
  dramatic poem is yours and almost without a rival."

  [102] An allusion to the sport called "Running at the Ring," at which
  the tilter, while riding at full speed, endeavoured to thrust the point
  of his lance through, and to bear away, the ring, which was suspended
  in the air.--_Dyce._

  [103] A play upon the word, "tent" meaning also a roll of lint or other

  [104] A lively dance.

  [105] Coaches.

  [106] Behaviour.

  [107] _i.e._ Ornamental, belonging to accomplishments.--_Dyce._

  [108] Incontinent.

  [109] The net in which he caught Mars and Venus.

  [110] _i.e._ Ingenuous.

  [111] As previously Antonio has been told that he must attend the
  Duchess "in the gallery," it would seem that the audience were to
  imagine a change of scene had taken place (_i.e._, at the exit of

  [112] _The Two Faithful Friends, the pleasant History of Alexander
  and Lodwicke, who were so like one another, that none could know them
  asunder; wherein is declared how Lodwicke married the Princesse of
  Hungaria, in Alexander's name, and how each night he layd a naked sword
  betweene him and the Princesse, because he would not wrong his friend,_
  is reprinted from the Pepys collection in Evans's _Old Ballads_. There
  was also a play written by Martin Slaughter, called _Alexander and

  [113] A cant term for the insolent bloods and vapourers of the

  [114] Another cant term.

  [115] State journey.

  [116] A leperous eruption.

  [117] Buy new housings for his beast.

  [118] Hysterics.

  [119] Rascal.

  [120] The lowest class of menials.

  [121] Strong broths. The old receipt-books recommend "pieces of gold"
  among the ingredients.--_Dyce._

  [122] Compare Shakespeare:

      "And shrieks, like mandrakes torn out of the earth,
      That living mortals hearing them run mad."
                     _Romeo and Juliet_, A. iv. s. 3.

  [123] Query "rapture."

  [124] Substance or property.

  [125] _i.e._ Foolish.

  [126] Orris.

  [127] Plutus.

  [128] "The vexed Bermoothes" was the island of Bermuda.

  [129] Francis I., who surrendered to Lannoy at the battle of Pavia.

  [130] Plan.

  [131] Camp.

  [132] Trimmed.

  [133] Dyce suggests that here the audience had to imagine a change
  of scene--to the lodging of the Duchess, who is confined to certain
  apartments in her own palace.

  [134] Curtain.

  [135] Band.

  [136] Coach.

  [137] "She has lived among horrors till she is become 'native and
  endowed unto that element.' She speaks the dialect of despair, her
  tongue has a smatch of Tartarus and the souls in bale. What are 'Luke's
  iron crown,' the brazen bull of Perillus, Procrustes' bed, to the waxen
  images which counterfeit death, to the wild masque of madmen, the
  tomb-maker, the bell-man, the living person's dirge, the mortification
  by degrees! To move a horror skilfully, to touch a soul to the quick,
  to lay upon fear as much as it can bear, to wean and weary a life till
  it is ready to drop, and then step in with mortal instruments to take
  its last forfeit; this only a Webster can do. Writers of an inferior
  genius may 'upon horror's head horrors accumulate,' but they cannot
  do this. They mistake quantity for quality, they 'terrify babes with
  painted devils,' but they know not how a soul is capable of being
  moved; their terrors want dignity, their affrightments are without
  decorum."--C. Lamb, _Spec. of Eng. Dram. Poets._

  [138] This was a common superstition of the time.

  [139] Fraught.

  [140] Skeletons.

  [141] Sugar-plums perfumed for sweetening the breath.

  [142] _i.e._ Earnest.

  [143] With which it was the custom to strew the floors.

  [144] The quarto drops the "her."

  [145] At the siege of Ostend, which is described in Borachio's speech.

  [146] Appearance. This meaning passes into that of countenance.

  [147] This way of description, which seems unwilling ever to leave off
  weaving parenthesis within parenthesis, was brought to its height by
  Sir Philip Sidney. He seems to have set the example to Shakespeare.
  Many beautiful instances may be found all over the _Arcadia_.
  These bountiful wits always give full measure, pressed down and
  overflowing.--_Charles Lamb._

  [148] Play on the double meaning--clown, leathern flagon--of the word

  [149] With the O of one in pain. An odd and tragical application of a
  rule from the Latin grammar.--_Collins._

  [150] Sanctified Puritan.

  [151] To man is to attend or escort.

  [152] Preserves, sweetmeats.

  [153] A reference to Arctic voyages.

  [154] In full course. A metaphor from the jousting-ground.

  [155] This trick of a woman, caught with a lover, to deceive her
  husband is frequently employed by the Italian novelists.

  [156] An allusion, of course, to the Straits of Gibraltar, where
  Hercules was supposed to have set up columns forbidding further
  exploration of the ocean.

  [157] _i.e._ Tangible, yielding impressions to the senses of another

  [158] So in _Two Noble Kinsmen_ pleurisy is used for plethora--"The
  pleurisy of people."

  [159] _i.e._ A farthing.

  [160] See on page 263, Sebastian's exclamation, "A rape!" near end of
  Act i., sc. 4.

  [161] "Means" are here equivalent to voices intermediate between treble
  and bass, as tenors. Collins adduces a passage from Lyly's _Galathea_
  (Act v., sc. 3), where there is a similar play on words.

  [162] _i.e._ A lordship, Ital. _Signoria_; Fr. _Seigneurie_.

  [163] _i.e._ Bond, contract.

  [164] What pretty fancies you have.

  [165] Savin, an irritant poison, has long been in popular use to induce
  abortion in women.

  [166] Also spelt _popering_. A particular species of pear.

  [167] This is obscure, but it probably refers to the Italian music
  phrase _largo_.

  [168] Articles of millinery: veils and headdresses.

  [169] The simile is from legal documents in which one superfluous
  letter might nullify a deed.

  [170] A flatulent swelling of the abdomen.

  [171] Too narrowly dispute the reason of an accident favourable to

  [172] _i.e._ Surrender myself to justice.

  [173] Play upon the word "bill," which meant in one sense a stout staff
  with an iron blade at one end, like a partizan.

  [174] _i.e._ Countenance.

  [175] _i.e._ Arrested.

  [176] Clear up the doubt conveyed in your question.

  [177] Shakespeare uses this word in two senses, as "pressing business"
  and "extremity."

  [178] _i.e._ A subject for dissection.

  [179] This is addressed to the common headsman.

  [180] With a skull in his hand. That it is the skull of his mistress is
  evident from the whole of the scene. He makes use of it afterwards in
  Act iii.--_Collier._

  [181] Luxury was the ancient term for incontinence.

  [182] Years must be read _yearës_.

  [183] This is not a name of syphilis, but a comparison only of it to a
  mole, on account of the effects it sometimes produces in occasioning
  the loss of hair.--_Pegge._

  [184] Disembowelled.

  [185] She means from the highest to the lowest of her sex. At this time
  women of the inferior order wore hats. See Hollar's _Ornatus Muliebris
  Anglicanus_, 1640.--_Hazlitt._

  [186] "Set a beggar on horseback, and he'll ride a gallop."

  [187] That part of a ring in which the stone is set.

  [188] Old copy, "Met."

  [189] Bonds.

  [190] _i.e._ Sand it, to prevent it from blotting, while the ink was

  [191] _i.e._ Embrace.

  [192] "Portico" has been suggested. But I see no reason to alter the
  text. "Portion" is here that which specially belongs to the soul as its

  [193] Equivalent to hit the nail on the head, clinched the matter.
  Perhaps the metaphor is derived from ringing sound.

  [194] Put a thief upon the track.

  [195] Novice.

  [196] A corruption of "God's blood."

  [197] There is no reason to omit the word "by." Vendice seems to refer
  to "families called honourable," _i.e._, the children of lords.

  [198] _i.e._ Next heir.

  [199] Wheel of fortune.

  [200] A play upon the double meaning of the word "angel," which was the
  name of a gold coin.

  [201] Decline, droop.

  [202] Long-suffering.

  [203] Embrace.

  [204] Alluding to the custom of hanging hats in ancient halls upon
  stags' horns.--_Steevens._

  [205] This allusion to farms sold for a court-wardrobe is common in our

  [206] _i.e._ Measured.

  [207] _i.e._ Honesty.

  [208] Decline.

  [209] _i.e._ Nightdresses.

  [210] Alluding to the custom of entering horses sold at fairs in a book
  called the "Toll-book."

  [211] Defile.

  [212] Liars.

  [213] Stable.

  [214] Some lune or frenzy.

  [215] Edits., "Impudent." The least imprudent is equivalent to the most
  farsighted or wary.

  [216] _i.e._ Hat.

  [217] Alluding to Duns Scotus, who commented upon "The Master of the

  [218] In the game of Primero.

  [219] He imagines her to be speaking, and answers her.

  [220] Embraces.

  [221] Weak, treacherous.

  [222] Poultry.

  [223] A corruption of _certiorari_.

  [224] Like.

  [225] It has been suggested that _quarled_ is equivalent to
  _guarelled_; and that it alludes to poison put on arrows. The sound of
  the word seems to point at some synonym for _curdled_.

  [226] Alluding to the 5th Commandment.

  [227] _i.e._ Incite, encourage her.

  [228] The reality and life of this dialogue passes any scenical
  illusion I ever felt. I never read it but my ears tingle, and I feel a
  hot flush spread my cheeks, as if I were presently about to "proclaim"
  some such "malefactions" of myself as the brothers here rebuke in this
  unnatural parent, in words more keen and dagger-like than those which
  Hamlet speaks to his mother. Such power has the passion of shame, truly
  personated, not only to "strike guilty creatures unto the soul," but to
  "appal" even those that are "free."--_Lamb._

  [229] Michaelmas term now has but four returns.

  [230] In secret.

  [231] Hands.

  [232] _i.e._ Unsheathe.

  [233] _i.e._ The installation or putting in possession.

  [234] Disclosed.


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