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Title: His Excellency - [Soin Exc. Eugène Rougon]
Author: Zola, Émile
Language: English
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*** Start of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "His Excellency - [Soin Exc. Eugène Rougon]" ***

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We live at such high speed nowadays, and the Second French Empire is
already so far behind us, that I am inclined to place _Son Excellence
Eugène Rougon_ in the category of historical novels. In some degree
it certainly belongs to another class of fiction, the political
novel, which in Great Britain sprouted, blossomed, and faded away
contemporaneously with the career of Benjamin Disraeli. But, unlike
Disraeli's work, it does not deal with theories or possibilities.
Whatever political matter it may contain is a record of incidents which
really occurred, of intrigues which were matured, of opinions which
were more or less publicly expressed while the third Napoleon was
ruling France. In my opinion, with all due allowance for its somewhat
limited range of subject, _Son Excellence Eugène Rougon_ is the one
existing French novel which gives the reader a fair general idea of
what occurred in political spheres at an important period of the
Empire. It is a book for foreigners and particularly Englishmen to read
with profit, for there are yet many among them who cherish the delusion
that Napoleon III. was not only a good and true friend of England, but
also a wise and beneficent ruler of France; and this, although his
reign began with bloodshed and trickery, was prolonged by means of
innumerable subterfuges, and ended in woe, horror, and disgrace.

The present translation of M. Zola's book was not made by me, but I
have revised it somewhat severely with the object of ensuring greater
accuracy in all the more important passages, and of improving the work
generally. And, subject to those limitations which deference for the
opinion of the majority of English-speaking readers has imposed on the
translator and myself, I consider that this rendering fully conveys the
purport of the original. During the work of revision I was struck by
the great care shown by M. Zola in the handling of his subject. There
is, of course, some fiction in the book; but, again and again, page
after page, I have found a simple record of fact, just deftly adapted
to suit the requirements of the narrative. The history of the Second
Empire is probably as familiar to me as it is to M. Zola himself--for,
like him, I grew to manhood in its midst, with better opportunities,
too, than he had of observing certain of its distinguishing
features--and thus I have been able to identify innumerable incidents
and allusions, and trace to their very source some of the most curious
passages in the book. And it is for this reason, and by virtue of my
own knowledge and experience, that I claim for _His Excellency_ the
merit of reflecting things as they really were in the earlier years of
the Imperial _régime_.

Against one surmise the reader must be cautioned. Napoleon III. and the
Empress Eugénie figure in the following pages without disguise; and
wherever the name of the Count de Marsy appears, that of the infamous
Duke de Morny--whom Sir Robert Peel, in one of his most slashing
speeches, did not scruple to call the greatest jobber in Europe--may be
read without a moment's hesitation. But his Excellency Eugène Rougon
is not, as many critics and others have supposed, a mere portrait or
caricature of his Excellency Eugène Rouher, the famous Vice-Emperor of
history. Symbolism is to be found in every one of M. Zola's novels, and
Rougon, in his main lines, is but the symbol of a principle, or, to be
accurate, the symbol of a certain form of the principle of authority.
His face is Rouher's, like his build and his favourite gesture; but
with Rouher's words, actions, opinions, and experiences are blended
those of half-a-dozen other personages. The forgotten ones! the men
whose names were once a terror, but who are as little remembered, as
little known, in France to-day, as the satraps of the vanished Eastern
realms, as the eunuchs who ruled the civilised world on behalf of
effete Emperors when Byzantium, amidst all her splendour, was, like
Paris, tottering to ruin. Baroche, Billault, Delangle, Fialin _alias_
Persigny, Espinasse--there is something of each of these, as well as
something of Rouher, in the career of Eugène Rougon as narrated by M.
Zola. Words which one or another of these men wrote or uttered, things
which one or another of them actually did, are fathered upon Rougon.
He embodies them all: he is the incarnation of that craving, that lust
for power which impelled so many men of ability to throw all principle
to the winds and become the instruments of an abominable system of
government. And his transformation at the close of the story is in
strict accordance with historical facts. He salutes the rise of the
so-called 'Liberal' Empire in the very words of Billault--the most
tyrannical of all the third Napoleon's 'band.'

Rougon has a band of his own--they all had bands in those days, like
the Emperor himself; and since that time we have in a similar way
seen Gambetta and his _queue_ and Boulanger and his _clique_. And,
curiously enough, as in Rougon's case, those historic coteries were in
each instance the prime factors in their leader's overthrow. Thus we
have only to turn to the recorded incidents of history to realise the
full truth of M. Zola's account of the Rougon gang. It is a masterly
account, instinct with accuracy, as real as life itself.

And Rougon, on whatever patchwork basis he may have been built, is a
living figure, one of a nature so direct, so free from intricacy, that
few ignorant of the truth would imagine him to be a patchwork creation
at all. Surely, to have so fully assimilated in one personage the
characteristics of half-a-dozen known men in such wise that, without
any clashing of individual proclivities, the whole six are truthfully
embodied in one, is a signal proof of that form of genius which lies in
the infinite capacity for taking pains.

If we pass from Rougon to Marsy we find another embodiment of that
principle of authority which both help to represent. Rougon, as M.
Zola says, is the shaggy fist which deals the knock-down blow, while
Marsy is the gloved hand which stabs or throttles. Years ago, when
I was unacquainted with this comparison, and was contrasting the
rising genius of Emile Zola with that of his great and splendid rival,
Alphonse Daudet, I likened M. Zola to the fist and M. Daudet to the
rapier. A French critic had previously called the former a cactus
and the latter an Arab steed. The cactus comparison, as applied to
M. Zola, was a very happy one; for I defy anybody, even the smuggest
of hypocrites, to read M. Zola's works without some prickings of
conscience. And verily I believe that most of the opposition to the
author of the Rougon-Macquart series arises from that very cause.

But I must return to Marsy, though he need not detain me long, for he
only flits across the following pages with his regal air and sardonic
smile. For a fuller and, in some degree, a more favourable portrait,
one must turn to the pages of Daudet, who of course could not write
ill of the man to whom he owed his start in life. In the present work,
slight as is the sketch, Marsy, or Morny, the name signifies little,
is shown as he really was--venal, immoral, witty, and exquisitely
polite. Then there is Delestang, who, physically, represents M. Magne;
while in like way Beulin-d'Orchère, the judge whose sister marries
Rougon, is copied from Delangle, whose bulldog face is alluded to by
most of the _anecdotiers_ of the Empire. La Rouquette is, by name at
all events, a connection of Forcade de la Roquette--a step-brother of
Marshal St. Arnaud--who rose to influence and power in the latter days
of the Empire; and M. de Plouguern, the profligate old senator, reminds
me in some respects of that cynical and eccentric Anglomaniac, the
Marquis de Boissy. The various members of Rougon's band are sketched
from less-known people. Kahn I cannot quite identify, but I suspect
him to be the deputy who was mixed up in the scandal of the Graissesac
railway line, to which M. Zola refers as the line from Niort to Angers.
However, there is no member of the band that I like better than
Béjuin, the silent deputy, who never asks a favour, and yet has favours
continually showered upon him. I have known a man of that character
connected with English public life.

To return to those of M. Zola's masculine characters who may be
identified with real personages, none is more genially, more
truthfully, portrayed than Chevalier Rusconi, the Italian or, more
correctly, Sardinian, Minister in Paris. Here we have that most amiable
of men, Chevalier Nigra, of whom Prosper Mérimée once said in my
presence: 'C'est un bohème tombé dans la diplomatie.' Withal, Chevalier
Nigra--who, though very aged, still serves his country, I believe,
with distinction at Vienna--was a very good diplomatist indeed; one
of Cavour's right-hand men, one of those to whom Italy owes union and
liberty. And what a career was his in France, and what memoirs might
he not write! Few diplomatists ever had stranger experiences: from all
the secret plotting which so largely helped to make Victor Emmanuel
King of Italy to the surveillance so adroitly practised over the
Empress Eugénie, whose support of Pope Pius IX. was ever an obstacle to
Italian aspirations. For her Nigra-Rusconi became the handsome, gallant
courtier; he was a musician, could sing and dance, was proficient in
every society accomplishment, and before long the Empress's Monday
receptions at the Tuileries, those _petits Lundis_ enlivened by the
wit of Mérimée, were never complete without him. Yet, all the time, a
stern duel was being fought between him and the consort of Napoleon
III. And so long as her husband ruled France she kept her adversary at
bay. Rome, capital of Italy, was but the fruit of Sedan. Yet Nigra was
chivalrous. When the bitter hour of reckoning arrived, he stood by the
woman who had so long thwarted him. He and Prince Richard Metternich
smuggled her out of the Tuileries in order that she might escape to
England, beyond the reach of the infuriated Parisians.

We catch a few glimpses of the Empress in the pages of _His
Excellency_. We find her at Compiègne surrounded by the ladies of
her Court; we also see her riding in state to Notre Dame to attend
the baptism of her infant son. A great day it was, when the Empire
reached its zenith: a gorgeous ceremony, too, attended by every pomp.
On referring to the newspapers of the time I have found M. Zola's
description of the function to be remarkably accurate. We espy the
Man of December raising the Prince Imperial in his arms, presenting
the heir of the Napoleons to the assembled multitude--even as once
before, and in the same cathedral, the victor of Austerlitz presented
the infant King of Rome to the homage of France. But neither the son
of Marie-Louise nor the son of Eugénie de Montijo was destined to
reign. And what a mockery now seems that grand baptismal ceremony,
as well as all the previous discussion in the Corps Législatif, of
which M. Zola gives such an animated account. What a lesson, too,
for human pride, and, in the sequel, what a punishment for human
perversity! I often read, I often hear, words of compassion for the
Prince Imperial's widowed mother, but they cannot move me to pity,
for I think of all the hundreds, all the thousands, of mothers who
lost their sons in that most wicked and abominable of wars in the
declaration of which the Empress Eugénie played so prominent a part.
Her evil influence triumphed in that hour of indecision which came
upon her ailing husband; and her war--_ma guerre à moi_--ensued, with
fatal consequences, which even yet disturb the world. And so, however
great, however bitter, her punishment, who will dare to say that it was

But whilst I consider the Empress to have been, in more than one
momentous circumstance, the evil genius of France, even as Marie
Antoinette was the evil genius of the crumbling Legitimate monarchy,
I am not one of those who believe in all the malicious reports of her
to be found in _la chronique scandaleuse_. That she threw herself at
the Emperor's head and compelled him to marry her, may be true, but
that is all that can be alleged against her with any show of reason.
She undoubtedly proved a faithful wife to a man who was notoriously
a most unfaithful husband. There are those who may yet remember how
one November morning in the year 1860 the Empress arrived in London,
scarcely attended, drove in a growler to Claridge's Hotel, and thence
hurried off to Scotland. Her flight from the Tuileries had caused
consternation there. For four days the _Moniteur_ remained ominously
silent, and when it at last spoke out it was to announce with the
utmost brevity that her Majesty was in very delicate health, and had
betaken herself to Scotland--in November!--for a change of air. This
ridiculous explanation deceived nobody. The simple truth was that
the Empress had obtained proof positive of another of her husband's

It is needless for me to enlarge upon the subject; I have only
mentioned it in corroboration of the portrait of Napoleon III. which M.
Zola traces in _His Excellency_. The Emperor was an immoral man--the
Beauharnais if not the Bonaparte blood coursed in his veins--and the
names of several of his mistresses are perfectly well known. For the
rest, M. Zola pictures him very accurately: moody, reserved, with vague
humanitarian notions, and as great a predilection for secret police
spying as was evinced by Louis XV. The intrigue between him and M.
Zola's heroine, Clorinde, is no extravagant notion. Here again a large
amount of actual fact is skilfully blended with a little fiction.
Clorinde Balbi at once suggests the beautiful Countess de Castiglione;
but in the account of her earlier career one finds a suggestion of
the behaviour which innumerable scandalmongers impute--wrongly, I
believe--to the Empress Eugénie. In Clorinde's mother, the Contessa
Balbi, there is more than a suggestion of Madame de Montijo, who was
undoubtedly an adventuress of good birth. Both the Balbis are very
cleverly drawn; they typify a class of women that has long flourished
in France, where it still has some notorious representatives. It is
a class of great popularity with novelists and playwrights, possibly
because contemporary history has furnished so many examples of it, from
the aforementioned Countess de Castiglione who laid siege to Napoleon
III. in order to induce him to further the designs of Cavour and Victor
Emmanuel, to the Baroness de Kaulla, who ensnared poor General de
Cissey that she might extract from him the military and Foreign Office
secrets of France. And with half-a-dozen historical instances in my
mind, I find no exaggeration in the character of Clorinde as portrayed
in _His Excellency_.

Having thus passed M. Zola's personages in review, I would now refer
to the actual scenes which he describes. The account of the sitting
of the Corps Législatif, given in the opening chapter, is as accurate
as the official report in the _Moniteur_ of that time. The report on
the estimates for the baptism of the Prince Imperial is taken from the
_Moniteur_ verbatim. In Chapter III., when the Balbis are shown at
home, the description of the house in the Champs Élysées is assuredly
that of the famous _niche à Fidèle_. The baptism, described in Chapter
IV., is, as I have already mentioned, very faithfully dealt with.
I have by me an account of the day's proceedings written for the
_Illustrated Times_ by my uncle, the late Frank Vizetelly, who was
killed in the Soudan; and I find him laying stress on the very points
which M. Zola brings into prominence, often indeed using almost the
same words. However, this is but one of the curious coincidences on
which malicious critics found ridiculous charges of plagiarism; for
I am convinced that M. Zola never saw the _Illustrated Times_ in his
life, and moreover he knows no English. Passing to Chapter V., which
narrates the horse-whipping administered by Clorinde to Rougon--an
incident which it has been necessary to 'tone down' in this English
version--I may remark that this is founded on contemporary scandal,
according to which the true scene of the affair would be the Imperial
stables at Compiègne, and the recipient of the whipping none other
than Napoleon III. himself. In Chapter VI., the scheme for reclaiming
the waste Landes of Gascony is well-known matter of history. Suggested
to the Emperor, this scheme was ultimately taken up by him with
considerable vigour, and though it was never fully carried out it may
rank as one of the few really beneficent enterprises of the Imperial

In the ensuing chapter we come to Compiègne, and here I have found
nothing to call in question. I was twice at Compiègne myself under
the Empire, of course not as a guest, but in connection with work
for the _Illustrated London News_, which brought my father and
myself into constant intercourse with the Imperial Court over a term
of years. And, judging by my personal recollections, I consider M.
Zola's picture of life at Compiègne to be a very true one. He has
been attacked, however, for having based his descriptions on a work
called _Les Confidences d'un Valet de Chambre_. Some few years ago Mr.
Andrew Lang, in criticising the French original of _His Excellency_
in an English review, sternly reproved M. Zola for relying, in any
degree, upon such back-stairs gossip. But a little knowledge is a
dangerous thing. Whatever its title may be, _Les Confidences d'un
Valet de Chambre_ was not written by a _valet de chambre_ at all. I
have a copy of it among my collection of books relating to the Empire.
It is brimful of information, bald in style, but severely accurate.
As for its authorship, these are the facts: The Court's sojourn at
Compiègne, which lasted for a month or six weeks every autumn--having
been suggested in part by the _Voyages à Fontainebleau_ of the _ancien
régime_, and in part by the Empress's partiality for the place where
she had been wooed and won by Napoleon--had long been the subject of
tittle-tattle among the Parisians. The newspapers dared not publish
any of the current scandal for fear of being immediately suppressed;
however, the impression prevailed, especially among the lower classes,
that the Court only betook itself to Compiègne to indulge in a month's
orgie far from such prying eyes as might have spied upon any similar
excesses at the Tuileries. So many reports circulated, that it was at
last deemed expedient to give the _entrée_ to the château to a Court
chronicler, who should report what actually took place there, and in
this way show the Parisians how foolish were the stories circulated
through the cafés and wine-shops. The _soi-disant valet de chambre_
was then, purely and simply, a journalist recommended by Théophile
Gautier; and his accounts of the Court at Compiègne were published,
in part at all events, by the Paris _Figaro_, and were subsequently
collected in volume form. There is no scandal of any kind in the
book: it simply chronicles the day's doings, with descriptions of the
various rooms of the château, and accounts of certain Court customs
thrown in here and there. Nobody desirous of describing life in
Imperial circles at second-hand could do without this little volume,
and it is only natural that M. Zola should have consulted it. Its
general accuracy I can, by personal knowledge, fully confirm. Among
the various incidents which M. Zola has adapted from it I may mention
that of the aged dignitary who fondles first the Prince Imperial and
afterwards the Emperor's dog Nero. This aged dignitary is a little bit
of invention, the real hero of the incident having been a certain M.
Leciel, an _adjoint_ to the Mayor of Compiègne, who subsequently got
into hot water with the Empress owing to his partiality for irreverent
witticisms which usually turned upon his own name. In English we might
have called him Mr. Heaven. His residence at Compiègne adjoined the
somewhat dirty little inn of the Holy Ghost, which it was at one time
proposed to demolish in order to build a new theatre, which was to have
been connected with the château by means of a suspension bridge. This
gave M. Leciel an opportunity for a most deplorable pun concerning
himself and the inn, which he calmly repeated to the Empress, who was
considerably incensed thereat. And in the result M. Leciel received no
further invitations to the château.

But I must pass from Compiègne to M. Zola's next chapter, in which he
deals, indirectly, with the famous Orsini conspiracy. Here we find a
story of how the authorities were warned of the approaching attempt at
assassination--a story which I have heard told by M. Claude, the famous
ex-chief of the detective police, when I was his neighbour at Vincennes
in 1881. Something similar, I believe, figures in the so-called
_Mémoires de M. Claude_, but these, based on Claude's papers, which
were 'worked up' after his death by an imaginative penny-a-liner, are
worthy of little or no credence. It is, however, certain that the
French authorities were not only warned from London about the Orsini
plot, but obtained additional information in the manner described by
M. Zola, and that the incident became the stepping-stone of Claude's
subsequent fortune. In _His Excellency_ the Orsini affair is followed
by Rougon's return to power. For Rougon one should here read General
Espinasse, to whom the Emperor undoubtedly addressed the words: 'No
moderation; you must make yourself feared.' All that M. Zola says of
the wholesale arrests of French Republicans at that time is quite true.
Even the brief interview of the Prefect of the Somme with Rougon is
based on historical documents; while that in which figures the editor
whose newspaper publishes a story of feminine infidelity is derived
from the autobiography of Henri de Villemessant.

In Chapter X., which deals with Rougon's experiences at Niort, we have
the story of the arrest of the old notary Martineau. This, again, is
true, line for line, almost word for word; but the incident really
occurred at Charost, not Coulonges, and the notary's real name was
Lebrun. He was a cousin of the illustrious parliamentarian, Michel of
Bourges. And once again, fact is piled upon fact in Chapter XI., which
describes the Ministerial Council at St. Cloud. The project for the
creation of a new nobility emanated from Persigny and Magne; numerous
documents concerning it were discovered in the Emperor's study after
Sedan; and I may here remark _en passant_ that M. Zola has frequently
and rightly availed himself of those _Papiers trouvés aux Tuileries_
as published by the Government of National Defence. And he carries
accuracy to such a point that in Chapter XIII., when he is describing
Rougon's resignation, he dates the Emperor's acceptance of it from
Fontainebleau, as actually happened in the case of Espinasse; and gives
us a charity fair at the orangery of the Tuileries as the scene of the
minister's receipt of that acceptance--again an historical incident.
And finally, in the last chapter, which, like the opening one, deals
with the Corps Législatif, we read the very words of Jules Favre and
Billault. Moreover, when we here find a clerical deputy exclaiming,
'It displeases me that proud Venice, the Queen of the Adriatic,
should become the obscure vassal of Turin,' we must not attribute the
remark to M. Zola's imagination; for those words were spoken in that
very debate by Kolb. Bernard, who, with Vicomte Lemercier, led the
parliamentary group which opposed the Emperor's liberal policy in Italy.

Some readers and some reviewers may think that I have acted somewhat
unkindly to M. Zola in thus partially dissecting _Son Excellence Eugène
Rougon_, in showing how little it is a work of imagination and how
much a work based upon fact. I could have given many more instances
than those I have quoted, but this preface has already stretched to
such length that I must stay my hand. I would mention, however, that
I could in a similar way dissect most volumes of the Rougon-Macquart
series, for these books are novels in their arrangement only. Even
when they do not deal with historical personages and publicly recorded
facts, they are based on incidents which really happened, and more
frequently than otherwise portray people who really lived. The whole
series constitutes a truthful, life-like synthesis of a period; and
if certain readers recoil from some of the portraits contained in it,
this is simply because they will not face the monstrosities of human
life. And far from doing my good and clear friend, the author of this
imperishable literary edifice, an unkindness by pointing out where and
how he has borrowed and adapted, I conceive that I am rendering him a
service, for how often has not his accuracy been impugned! Moreover,
it is not upon power of imagination that he particularly prides
himself--though imagination, and of a high order, is undoubtedly a
feature of his genius--he claims rank chiefly by reason of his power of
delineation, his power of analysing, blending and grouping facts and
characteristics. In one word, he is a Realist. And if he is to describe
people as they have lived, incidents as they have really occurred,
how can he do otherwise than turn to the records of actual experience,
to the unchallenged descriptions of historical episodes? Plagiarism
forsooth! When every situation, every dilemma, every experience, every
characteristic and every emotion that can enter into the history of
the human race have been dealt with time without number by thousands
of writers of fiction, either in the form of the novel or the drama!
How, then, is it possible for anybody, however great his genius, to
be absolutely and perfectly original? Such originality is dead. Let
us bow to its grave; we shall never see it more. The only genius in
literature which can remain to the writers of to-day and to-morrow is
that genius which may lie in the handling of one's materials. The human
range of ideas is limited; even madmen--so closely allied to men of
genius--cannot carry their fancy beyond certain bounds; and thus the
old saws must crop up again and again, distinguished one from another
simply by mode of treatment. And as for such charges of plagiarism that
may have been brought against M. Zola, I apply to him the words which
Molière applied to himself: _Il prend son bien où il le trouve_. And I
will add that he does well in following this course, for over all he
casts the magnificent mantle of powers which none of his contemporaries
can equal.

E. A. V.

MERTON, SURREY, _April_ 1897.




For a moment the President remained standing amidst the slight
commotion which his entrance had caused. Then he took his seat, saying
carelessly and in an undertone: 'The sitting has commenced.'

He next began to arrange the legislative bills lying upon the desk in
front of him. On his left, a short-sighted clerk, with his nose close
to the paper he held, read the minutes of the previous sitting in a
rapid and confused manner, none of the deputies paying attention to
him. In the buzzing noise that filled the Chamber, these minutes were
only heard by the ushers, who maintained a very dignified and decorous
bearing which contrasted with the lounging attitudes of the deputies.

There were not a hundred members present. Some were reclining in their
red velvet-covered seats, with listless eyes, already half-asleep.
Others, leaning over their desks, as though wearied by the compulsory
labour of a public sitting, were beating a gentle tattoo on the
mahogany with their finger-tips. Through the ceiling-window, which
revealed a crescent of grey sky, the light of a rainy May afternoon
streamed down perpendicularly upon the pompous severity of the Chamber.
It spread over the desks in a sheet of gloomy ruddiness, brightening
into a rosy glow here and there where some seat remained unoccupied;
while, behind the President, the statues and sculpture-work showed in
clear white patches.

One of the deputies on the third row to the right still remained
standing in the narrow passage between the seats. He was rubbing his
rough fringe of grizzly beard with a thoughtful air, but as an usher
came by, he stopped him and asked a question in an undertone.

'No, Monsieur Kahn,' replied the usher, 'the President of the Council
of State has not yet arrived.'

M. Kahn thereupon sat down, and, abruptly turning to his neighbour
on the left, inquired, 'Tell me, Béjuin, have you seen Rougon this

M. Béjuin, a small, thin man of dark complexion and silent demeanour,
raised his head nervously as though his thoughts were altogether
elsewhere. He had drawn out the slide of his desk, and was writing
a letter on some blue paper with a business heading formed of these
words: 'Béjuin and Co. The Saint-Florent Cut-Glass Works.'

'Rougon?' he repeated. 'No, I haven't seen him. I did not have time to
go over to the State Council.'

Then he quietly reverted to his work, consulting a memorandum-book, and
beginning a second letter, amidst the confused buzzing murmur of the
clerk, who was finishing his reading of the minutes.

M. Kahn leant back in his seat and crossed his arms. He had a face with
strongly marked features, and his big but well-shaped nose testified to
a Jewish descent. He seemed out of sorts. He gazed upwards at the gilt
rose-work on the ceiling and listened to the plashing of a shower which
at that moment burst down upon the skylight; and then with vaguely
wondering eyes he seemed to be examining the intricate ornamentation of
the great wall in front of him. His glance lingered for a few seconds
upon two panels hung with green velvet and decked with gilt borders
and emblems. Then, after he had scanned the columns between which
allegorical statues of Liberty and Public Order showed their marble
faces and pupil-less eyes, his attention was turned to a curtain of
green silk which concealed a fresco representing King Louis Philippe
taking the oath to the Constitution.

By this time the clerk had sat down; nevertheless, the scene remained
one of noisy confusion. The President was still leisurely arranging
his papers. He again and again pressed his hand on his bell, but its
loud ringing failed to check any of the private conversations that were
going on. However, he at last stood up amidst all the hubbub and for a
moment remained waiting and silent.

'Gentlemen,' he began, 'I have received a letter----' Then he stopped
short to ring his bell again, and once more kept silent, his grave,
bored face looking down from the monumental desk which spread out
beneath him with panels of red marble bordered with white. His
frock-coat, which was buttoned up, showed conspicuously against the
bas-relief behind him, rising like a black bar between the peplum-robed
figures of Agriculture and Industry with antique profiles.

'Gentlemen,' he resumed, when he had succeeded in obtaining something
like silence, 'I have received a letter from Monsieur de Lamberthon, in
which he apologises for not being able to attend to-day's sitting.'

At this a laugh resounded on the sixth row of seats in front of
the desk. It came from a deputy who could not have been more than
twenty-eight years old. He was fair and effeminately pretty, and was
trying with his white hands to stifle an outburst of girlish rippling
laughter. One of his colleagues, a man of huge build, came up to him
and whispered in his ear: 'Is it really true that Lamberthon has found
his wife? Tell me all about it, La Rouquette.'

The President, however, had taken up a handful of papers. He was
speaking in monotonous tones, and stray fragments of sentences reached
the far end of the Chamber. 'There are applications for leave of
absence from Monsieur Blachet, Monsieur Buquin-Lecomte, Monsieur de la

While the Chamber was granting these different requests, M. Kahn, who
had probably grown weary of examining the green silk curtain stretched
before the seditious portrait of Louis Philippe, turned to glance at
the galleries. Above the wall of yellow marble veined with lake red,
there was a gallery with hand-rests of amaranthine velvet spanning the
spaces from one column to another; and higher up a mantle of embossed
leather failed to conceal the gaps left by the suppression of a second
tier of seats which had been assigned to journalists and the general
public previous to the Empire. The narrow, gloomy boxes between the
massive yellowish marble pillars, which stood in somewhat heavy
splendour round the semicircle, were for the most part empty, although
here and there they were brightened by the light-tinted toilettes of
some ladies.

'Ah! so Colonel Jobelin has come!' murmured M. Kahn.

And forthwith he smiled at the colonel, who had perceived him. Colonel
Jobelin was wearing the dark-blue frock-coat which he had adopted as a
kind of civilian uniform ever since his retirement from the service.
He sat quite alone in the questors' gallery, and his rosette as an
officer of the Legion of Honour was so large as to look almost like the
bow of a cravat.

But M. Kahn's eyes had already strayed to a young man and woman who
were nestling in a corner of the gallery of the Council of State. The
young man was continually bending his head and whispering to the young
woman, who smiled with a gentle air, but did not turn to look at him,
her eyes being fixed upon the allegorical figure of Public Order.

'I say, Béjuin,' M. Kahn remarked, nudging his colleague with his knee.

M. Béjuin, who was now busy with his fifth letter, again raised his
head with an expression of absent-mindedness.

'Look up there,' continued M. Kahn; 'don't you see little Escorailles
and pretty Madame Bouchard? I'll be bound he's making love to her.
What eyes she's got! All Rougon's friends seem to have made a point of
coming to-day. There's Madame Correur and the Charbonnels up there in
the public gallery.'

However, the bell sounded again for some moments, and an usher called
out in a fine bass voice: 'Silence, gentlemen!'

Then the deputies began to listen, and the President spoke the
following words, not a syllable of which was lost: 'Monsieur Kahn asks
permission to publish the speech which he delivered on the bill for the
establishment of a municipal tax upon vehicles and horses in Paris.'

A murmur ran along the benches, and then the different conversations
were resumed. Quitting his own place, M. La Rouquette came and sat down
near M. Kahn. 'So you work for the people, eh?' he said playfully,
and, without waiting for a reply, he added: 'You haven't seen or heard
anything of Rougon, have you? Everyone is talking about the matter,
but it seems that nothing is definitely settled yet.' Then he turned
round and glanced at the clock. 'Twenty minutes past two already!' he
exclaimed. 'Well, I should certainly be off now, if it were not for the
reading of that confounded report. Is it really to come off to-day?'

'We have all been notified to that effect,' M. Kahn replied, 'and I
have heard nothing of any change of plans. You had better remain. The
400,000 francs[1] for the baptism will be voted straight off.'

'No doubt,' said La Rouquette. 'Old General Legrain, who has lost
the use of both legs, has had himself carried here by his servant,
and is now in the Conference Hall waiting till the vote comes on. The
Emperor is quite right in reckoning upon the devotion of the whole
Corps Législatif. All our votes ought to be given him upon this solemn

While speaking the young deputy did his utmost to assume the
expression of a serious politician. His doll-like face, which was
ornamented by a few pale hairs, wagged gravely over his collar, and he
seemed to be relishing the flavour of the two last sentences he had
uttered--sentences which he had remembered from somebody else's speech.
Then he suddenly broke into a laugh. 'Good gracious!' he exclaimed,
'what frights those Charbonnels are!'

M. Kahn and himself thereupon began to make merry at the Charbonnels'
expense. The wife was wearing an outrageous yellow shawl, and her
husband sported a country-cut frock-coat which looked as though it had
been hewn into shape with an axe. They were both very short, stout and
red, and were eagerly pressing forward, with their chins almost resting
upon the balustrade of the gallery in order to get a better view of the
proceedings, which, judging by their blank, staring eyes, were utterly
unintelligible to them.

'If Rougon gets the sack,' said La Rouquette, 'I wouldn't give a couple
of sous for the Charbonnels' case. It will be just the same with
Madame Correur.' Then he inclined his head towards M. Kahn's ear, and
continued in a very low tone: 'You, now, who know Rougon, just tell me
who and what that Madame Correur is. She formerly kept a lodging-house,
didn't she? Rougon used to lodge with her, and it is even said that she
lent him money. What does she do now?'

M. Kahn assumed a very grave expression and slowly rubbed his beard.
'Madame Correur is a highly respectable lady,' he replied curtly.

This answer checked La Rouquette's curiosity. He bit his lips with the
expression of a school-boy who has just been lectured. For a moment
they both looked in silence at Madame Correur, who was sitting near the
Charbonnels. She was wearing a very showy dress of mauve silk, with a
profusion of lace and ornaments. Her face showed too much colour, her
forehead was covered with little fair dollish curls, and her plump
neck, still very comely in spite of her eight-and-forty years, was
fully exposed to view.

Just at this moment, however, the sudden sound of a door opening and
a rustle of skirts at the far end of the Chamber caused all heads to
turn. A tall girl exquisitely beautiful, but strangely dressed in an
ill-made sea-green satin gown, had entered the box assigned to the
diplomatic body, followed by an elderly lady in black.

'Ah! there's the fair Clorinde!' said M. La Rouquette, who had risen to
bow at random.

M. Kahn had also risen; but he stooped towards M. Béjuin, who was now
enclosing his letters in envelopes: 'Countess Balbi and her daughter
are there,' he said. 'I am going up to ask them if they have seen

The President meanwhile had taken a fresh handful of papers from his
desk. Without ceasing his perusal of them he cast a glance at the
beautiful Clorinde Balbi, whose arrival had given rise to a buzz of
comments in the Chamber. Then, while he passed the papers one by one to
a clerk, he said in monotonous tones, never even pausing to punctuate
his words: 'Presentation of a bill to continue certain extra duties in
the town of Lille ... of a bill to unite into one single commune the
communes of Doulevant-le-Petit and Ville-en-Blaisais (Haute-Marne)----'

When M. Kahn came back again he seemed quite disconsolate. 'Really, no
one appears to have seen anything of him,' he said to his colleagues,
Béjuin and La Rouquette, whom he met at the foot of the semicircle. 'I
hear that the Emperor sent for him yesterday evening, but I haven't
been able to learn the result of their interview. There is nothing
so provoking as being unable to get a satisfactory account of what

La Rouquette turned round and whispered into M. Béjuin's ear: 'Poor
Kahn is terribly afraid lest Rougon should get into disfavour at the
Tuileries. He might fish for his railway if that should occur.'

In reply M. Béjuin, who was of a taciturn disposition, said very
gravely: 'The day when Rougon retires from the Council of State, we
shall all be losers.' Then he beckoned to one of the ushers and gave
him the letters which he had just written, to post.

The three deputies remained standing on the left of the President's
desk, discreetly discussing the disfavour with which Rougon was
threatened. It was an intricate story. A distant relation of the
Empress, one Señor Rodriguez, had been claiming a sum of two million
francs from the French Government since the year 1808. During the
war with Spain, a vessel freighted with sugar and coffee, and
belonging to this Rodriguez, who was a shipowner, had been taken in
the Bay of Biscay by a French frigate, the _Vigilante_, and brought
to Brest. Acting upon information received from a local commission,
the administrative officials had declared the capture to be a valid
one, without referring the matter to the Prize Committee. Rodriguez,
however, had promptly appealed to the Council of State, and, after his
death, his son, under every successive Government, had vainly tried to
bring the matter to an issue until the day came when a word from his
distant cousin, Eugénie de Montijo, now all-powerful, had secured the
insertion of his action in the official cause list.

Of this the three deputies talked, while the President's monotonous
voice still resounded above their heads: 'Presentation of a bill
authorising the department of Calvados to borrow 300,000 francs ...
of a bill authorising the town of Amiens to borrow 200,000 francs for
the purpose of making new promenades ... of a bill authorising the
department of Côtes-du-Nord to borrow 345,000 francs to cover the
deficiencies in the revenues of the last five years.'

'The truth is,' said M. Kahn, again lowering his voice, 'that this
Rodriguez had a very artful method of managing his business. He and a
son-in-law of his, residing at New York, were the owners of vessels
which sailed either under the American flag or the Spanish, according
as one or the other might subject them to the least risk during their
passage. Rougon told me that the captured vessel was exclusively the
property of Rodriguez, and that there is no valid ground whatever for
the claims that are made.'

'And then,' interposed M. Béjuin, 'the steps that were taken by the
officials cannot be impugned. The administrative officer at Brest was
perfectly right in declaring the capture a valid one in accordance with
the customs of the port, without referring the matter to the Prize

Then they lapsed into silence for a moment while La Rouquette, with his
back resting against the marble wall, raised his head, and tried to
attract the attention of the fair Clorinde. 'But,' he asked naïvely,
'why does Rougon object to the two millions being paid to Rodriguez?
What difference would it make to him?'

'It is a matter of conscience,' said M. Kahn solemnly.

M. La Rouquette glanced at his colleagues one after the other, but,
seeing them both so grave, he did not even venture to smile.

'Then, too,' continued M. Kahn, as though he were dwelling upon some
thought which he had not expressed aloud, 'Rougon has had a good deal
of bother since Marsy has been Minister of the Interior. They have
never been able to get on together. Rougon himself told me that, if it
had not been for his attachment to the Emperor, for whom he has already
done so much, he would long ago have retired into private life. He no
longer seems welcome at the Tuileries, and he feels that a change has
become necessary for him.'

'He is acting like an honourable man,' remarked M. Béjuin.

'Yes, indeed,' said M. La Rouquette, with a wise look, 'if he wants
to retire, the opportunity is a good one. All the same, his friends
will be greatly grieved. Just look at the colonel up there, with his
anxious face! He has been hoping to fasten the ribbon of Commander of
the Legion of Honour round his neck on the 15th of next August. And
pretty Madame Bouchard, too, swore that worthy Monsieur Bouchard should
be head of department at the Ministry of the Interior before six months
were over. Little Escorailles, Rougon's pet, was to put the nomination
under Monsieur Bouchard's napkin on Madame's birthday. But where have
they got to, pretty Madame Bouchard and little Escorailles?'

The three deputies looked about for them, and at last discovered them
ensconced at the back of the gallery, in the front part of which they
had been seated at the opening of the sitting. They had taken refuge in
the gloom there behind a bald old gentleman, and were both very quiet,
though very red.

However, the President was now coming to the end of his reading.

'A bill,' said he, 'to sanction an increase in the rate of interest
upon a loan authorised by an Act of the 9th of June, 1853, and to
impose an extraordinary rate in the department of La Manche.'

Just then M. Kahn ran forward to meet a deputy who was entering the
Chamber, and as he brought him along he exclaimed, 'Here is Monsieur de
Combelot. He will give us some news.'

M. de Combelot, an imperial chamberlain whom the department of the
Landes had chosen as deputy upon the formally expressed desire of the
Emperor, bowed with a discreet air while waiting to be questioned. He
was a tall, handsome man, with a very white skin, and an inky black
beard which had been the means of winning him great favour among the

'Well,' asked M. Kahn, 'what do they say at the Tuileries? What has the
Emperor decided upon?'

'Well, indeed,' replied M. de Combelot in a guttural tone, 'they say
a good many things. The Emperor has the warmest friendship for the
President of the Council of State. Their interview was undoubtedly of
the most cordial nature. Yes, indeed, most cordial.'

Then he stopped, after carefully weighing his words, as it were, so as
to satisfy himself that he had not said too much.

'Then the resignation is withdrawn?' asked M. Kahn, with glistening

'I did not say that,' replied the chamberlain, uneasily. 'I know
nothing about it. You understand that my position is a peculiar one----'

He did not finish what he was going to say, but contented himself with
smiling, and then hurried off to take his seat. M. Kahn shrugged his
shoulders, and remarked to M. La Rouquette, 'But you, surely, ought to
be posted on what is going on. Doesn't your sister, Madame de Llorentz,
give you any information?'

'Oh, my sister is even more reserved than Monsieur de Combelot,'
replied the young deputy, with a laugh. 'Since she has become one of
the ladies-in-waiting, she has put on quite a minister's gravity;
though yesterday, indeed, she assured me that the resignation would be
accepted. By the way, I can tell you a funny story in connection with
this matter. It appears that some lady was sent to Rougon to try to
influence him. Now, you would never guess what Rougon did! He turned
her out of doors, although she was a delicious creature!'

'Rougon is a very steady fellow,' M. Béjuin declared solemnly.

M. La Rouquette shook with laughter, and, protesting against M.
Béjuin's estimate of Rougon, asserted that he could have disproved it
by evidence had he chosen. 'And so, Madame Correur, for instance,' said

'Pooh! you don't know the truth of that story,' replied M. Kahn.

'And the fair Clorinde?'

'Nonsense, nonsense! Rougon is much too clever a fellow to forget
himself with such a wild creature as that!'

Then the three men drew closer, and talked on without any mincing
of words. They repeated the stories which were told about those two
Italian women--mother and daughter--who were semi-adventuresses and
semi-great ladies, and were to be met everywhere, at all parties and
gatherings, at the houses of state ministers, in the stage-boxes of
minor theatres, on the sands at fashionable watering-places, and even
in out-of-the-way hostelries. The mother, it was said, had been the
mistress of a royal personage; and the daughter, with an ignorance of
French customs and etiquette which had earned her the reputation of
being an eccentric, badly brought-up wench, galloped about on horseback
till she foundered her mounts, made a display of her dirty stockings
and damaged boots on rainy days, and looked around her for a husband
with the boldest of smiles. M. La Rouquette told how she had come
one night to a ball at the Sardinian Minister's, in the character of
the huntress Diana, with so scanty a costume that she had been all
but asked in marriage the next morning by old Monsieur de Nougarède,
a profligate senator. During the narration of this story, the three
deputies cast frequent glances at the fair Clorinde, who, in spite of
the regulations, was examining the members of the Chamber one after
another through a large pair of opera-glasses.

'No, no!' M. Kahn repeated, 'Rougon would never be such a fool! He
says, though, that she is very intelligent, and he has nicknamed her
"Mademoiselle Machiavelli." She amuses him, but that's all.'

'At the same time Rougon is wrong in not marrying,' said M. Béjuin. 'It
settles a man.'

Then they all three set to work to discuss the sort of woman that it
was desirable Rougon should marry. She ought to be a woman of some age,
thirty-five at the least, they said, rich, and competent to maintain
her house on a footing of high decorum.

Hubbub still prevailed in the Chamber, and the three deputies became so
absorbed in the stories they were telling, that they ceased to notice
what was taking place around them. Away in the distance, the voices of
ushers could be faintly heard calling out, 'To the sitting, gentlemen,
to the sitting.'

Fresh deputies were entering from all sides by way of the folding
doors of massive mahogany, whose panels gleamed with golden stars.
The Chamber, previously half empty, was now gradually filling. The
little scattered groups of members talking to each other from one row
of seats to another, with an expression of weariness on their faces,
or dozing, or trying to conceal their yawns, were now disappearing
amid the increasing crowd and general shaking of hands. As the members
took their seats, they exchanged smiles; there was a general, almost
family likeness about them. By the expression of their faces one and
all seemed impressed by the duties they had to fulfil. A stout man,
on the last row to the left, had fallen asleep, but was awakened by
his neighbour; and, when the latter whispered a few words in his ear,
he hastily rubbed his eyes, and assumed a more decorous attitude. The
sitting, after dragging on wearily through a series of petty tedious
details, was at last about to become supremely interesting.

M. Kahn and his two colleagues were being gradually driven towards
their seats by the increasing crowd, almost without being aware of it.
They went on with their conversation, every now and then suppressing
a laugh. M. La Rouquette began a fresh story about the fair Clorinde.
She had taken a strange whim into her head one day, he said; it was to
have her room hung with black, spangled with silver tears, and to hold
a reception of her friends there; she herself lying in bed, covered up
with black drapery which allowed scarcely anything more than her nose
to appear.

As M. Kahn at last took his seat, his memory suddenly returned to him.
'La Rouquette is a foolish chatterbox,' he muttered; 'he has made
me miss Rougon.' Then he turned towards his neighbour and exclaimed
angrily. 'You really might have reminded me, Béjuin!'

Rougon, who had just been introduced with the customary ceremonial,
had already taken his seat between two members of the Council of State
on the Government bench, a sort of huge mahogany box, situated beneath
the President's desk and occupying the place of the suppressed tribune.
His broad shoulders tightly distended his uniform of green cloth,
ornamented with gold braid at the neck and sleeve-cuffs. His face,
with thick grizzly hair clustering over his square brow, was turned
towards the Chamber, but his eyes were hidden by their heavy drooping
lids. The commonplace plainness of his big nose, fleshy lips, and long
cheeks, which his six-and-forty years had not yet furrowed with a
single wrinkle, was every now and then irradiated with something like
beauty by an expression of great strength. He sat perfectly quiet,
leaning back with his chin resting on his coat collar, noticing nobody,
and seeming quite indifferent and a little weary.

'He looks just as he does every day,' M. Béjuin remarked.

The deputies were all leaning over to observe Rougon. Whispered remarks
on his appearance buzzed from ear to ear. In the galleries especially
his entrance had caused lively excitement. The Charbonnels, in their
desire to let their presence be known, craned their enraptured faces
forward at the risk of falling over; Madame Correur coughed slightly
and drew out a handkerchief which she gently waved, while pretending
to carry it to her lips; Colonel Jobelin straightened himself; and
pretty Madame Bouchard, after tying her bonnet-strings afresh, again
hurried down to the front row of the State Council gallery, while M.
d'Escorailles remained behind quite still and seemingly much annoyed.
As for the fair Clorinde, she did not beat about the bush. Seeing that
Rougon did not raise his eyes, she began to tap her opera-glass against
the marble column beside which she was leaning, and as these tactics
did not succeed in attracting his attention, she said to her mother,
in such a clear ringing voice that every one in the Chamber heard her:
'He's in the sulks, the fat sly fellow!'

Several deputies looked round and smiled, and Rougon himself glanced
up at the fair Clorinde. As he nodded his head almost imperceptibly
towards her, she triumphantly clapped her hands, and leant back,
laughing and talking quite loudly to her mother, quite careless of the
men down below who were staring at her.

Before Rougon dropped his eyes again he glanced slowly round the
gallery, where his comprehensive gaze at once took in Madame Bouchard,
Colonel Jobelin, Madame Correur, and the Charbonnels. However, his face
remained expressionless. He again let his chin drop and half-closed his
eyes as he stifled a slight yawn.

'I'll go and have a word with him now,' M. Kahn whispered into M.
Béjuin's ear.

But as he was rising from his seat, the President, who during the last
few moments had been looking round to see if all the deputies were in
their places, rang his bell authoritatively. Then all at once there was
profound silence. A fair-haired member in the first row of seats now
stood up, holding a large sheet of paper upon which he kept his eyes
fixed as he spoke.

'I have the honour,' he said in a sing-song voice, 'to present a report
upon the bill by which it is proposed to include among the estimates of
the Ministry of State for 1856 a sum of 400,000 francs, to defray the
expenses of the ceremonies and rejoicings connected with the baptism of
the Prince Imperial.'

Then he slowly stepped forward as though about to lay the paper on the
table of the Chamber, but the deputies cried out unanimously: 'Read it!
Read it!'

The deputy who had prepared the report waited till the President gave
his sanction. Then he commenced in a voice that seemed affected by
emotion: 'Gentlemen, the bill which has been brought before us is one
of those which make the customary formalities of voting seem dilatory,
since they check the enthusiastic impulses of the Corps Législatif.'

'Hear! hear!' cried several members.

'In the humblest families,' continued the speaker in carefully
modulated tones, 'the birth of a son and heir, with all the ideas of
transmission which are attached to that title, is a source of such
sweet joy that the trials of the past are forgotten, and hope alone
hovers over the cradle of the new-born child. What, then, shall we
say of such a happy event when it not only prompts the rejoicing of
a family but that of a great nation, and is an event of European

This piece of rhetoric thrilled the Chamber with emotion. Rougon, who
appeared to be asleep, could see none but beaming faces in front of
him. Some deputies accentuated their attention, holding their hands to
their ears so that they might lose nothing of this carefully prepared
report. Its author, after a slight pause, raised his voice as he
continued, 'To-day, gentlemen, it is indeed the great family of France
that invites all its members to give expression to their joy; and what
pomp and circumstance would be magnificent enough if it were possible
by display to express the grandeur of our legitimate hopes?' Here the
reporter paused again.

'Hear! hear!' cried the deputies.

'That's very nicely put,' M. Kahn remarked; 'isn't it, Béjuin?'

M. Béjuin was wagging his head with his eyes fixed on the cut-glass
chandelier which hung from the window-ceiling in front of the
President's seat. He was in a state of blissful rapture.

Meanwhile in the gallery the fair Clorinde kept her opera-glass to
her eyes and lost not a single expression of the reporter's face.
The Charbonnels' eyes were moist, and Madame Correur had assumed
a decorously attentive attitude, while the colonel expressed his
approbation by nodding his head, and pretty Madame Bouchard ventured to
lean against M. d'Escorailles' knees. The President and the clerk and
the ushers listened solemnly, without making the slightest gesture.

'The cradle of the Prince Imperial,' resumed the reporter, 'is
henceforth our security for the future; for, by perpetuating the
dynasty which we have all acclaimed, it assures the prosperity of our
country, its repose and stability, and, through ours, that of the rest
of Europe.'

Cries of 'Hush! hush!' were necessary to subdue the burst of
enthusiastic applause which broke out at this touching reference to
the cradle.

'Once before a scion of this illustrious race seemed equally intended
for a great destiny, but his time and our own have no similarity. Peace
is the result of the wise and skilful rule of which we are now reaping
the fruits, even as the genius of war dictated that epic poem which
forms the story of the first Empire.

'Hailed at his birth by the guns which from north to south proclaimed
the successes of our arms, the King of Rome was not even permitted to
serve his country; so, indeed, Providence then decreed----'

'What's that he's saying? He's putting his foot in it,' said sceptical
M. La Rouquette. 'That's very clumsy; he'll spoil his speech.'

The deputies certainly seemed uneasy. Why was this historical reference
dragged in to damp their enthusiasm? Several of them blew their noses.
The author of the report, however, only smiled when he saw the chilling
effect of his last sentences. He raised his voice and pursued his
antithesis, carefully modulating his tones, evidently quite confident
that he would make his point.

'But, coming to us at one of those momentous times when the birth of
a single life may be regarded as the salvation of all, the Child of
France to-day gives to us and to all future generations the right and
the privilege of living and dying at our ancestral firesides. Such is
the promise vouchsafed to us by the divine kindness.'

This seemed exquisite. Everybody understood, and a murmur of pleasure
travelled through the Chamber. The assurance of an everlasting peace
was very charming. The tranquillised members once more resumed the
pleased expressions of men revelling in rhetoric. There was nothing to
disturb them. Europe belonged to their master.

'The Emperor,' continued the speaker with fresh vigour, 'having become
the arbiter of Europe, was about to sign that noble peace which,
bringing together the productive forces of the different nations, is as
much an alliance of peoples as of monarchs,[2] when God was pleased to
crown his happiness as well as his glory. Is it not allowable to think
that, at that moment, he foresaw many fair and prosperous years while
gazing upon that cradle where slumbers, though now but an infant, the
heir who is destined to carry on his great policy?'

This, too, was thought very pretty. Such a hope might be justifiably
entertained, so the deputies said, as they nodded their heads
approvingly. The report, however, was now beginning to seem a trifle
long, and several members looked solemn again. Some of them even
glanced at the gallery like practical matter-of-fact politicians who
felt rather ashamed of being thus seen spending their time in an
unbusiness-like way. Others ceased to pay attention, and reverted to
their own affairs, or again tapped the mahogany of their desks with
their finger-tips; while through the minds of others there flitted
vague recollections of other sittings when professions of devotion had
been lavished on some other cradle.

As for M. La Rouquette, he turned very frequently to look at the
clock, and when the hand pointed to a quarter to three an expression
of desperation passed over his face. He would miss an appointment!
Meantime M. Kahn and M. Béjuin sat motionless side by side, with
crossed arms and blinking eyes, which wandered from the great velvet
panels to the bas-relief of white marble across which the President's
frock-coat stretched like a black bar. In the diplomatists' gallery
the fair Clorinde was still gazing through her opera-glass, making a
lengthy examination of Rougon, who preserved the majestic mien of a
sleeping bull.

However, the author of the report showed no signs of hurry, but
listened to himself as he read on, indulging the while in a rhythmic
beatifical motion of the shoulders.

'Let us then display full and complete confidence, and may the Corps
Législatif, upon this great and solemn occasion, bear in mind that the
Emperor and itself have a common origin, which almost confers upon it
a family-right above that which the other State bodies may possess to
share in its Sovereign's joy.

'The Corps Législatif, which, like himself, is the offspring of the
willing vote of the people, becomes now the mouthpiece of the nation in
offering to the august child the homage of its unchangeable respect,
of its devotion which nothing can destroy, and of that boundless
love which converts political faith into a religion whose duties are

The mention of homage and religion and duties seemed to betoken that
the speaker was drawing to a conclusion. The Charbonnels therefore
ventured to exchange remarks in low tones, and Madame Correur stifled
a slight cough in her handkerchief; while Madame Bouchard quietly
returned to the rear of the Council of State gallery, and resumed her
seat near M. Jules d'Escorailles.

And, indeed, the reporter suddenly changed his tone and came down from
the solemn to the familiar, as he quickly gabbled out: 'We propose to
you, gentlemen, the adoption of the bill, such as it has been brought
forward by the Council of State.'

Then he resumed his seat amidst general applause. Shouts of 'Hear,
hear!' rang out from all sides. M. de Combelot, whose smiling attention
had not waned for an instant, even cried, 'Long live the Emperor!' but
the exclamation was lost amid the hubbub; however, Colonel Jobelin
received almost an ovation as he stood at the edge of the gallery,
and clapped his withered hands, in spite of the regulations to the
contrary. Everybody enthusiastically congratulated everybody else.
Work was over, and from row to row kindly remarks were exchanged,
while a crowd of friends thronged round the author of the report and
energetically shook both his hands.

But above the confusion came a cry of 'Deliberate! deliberate!'

The President had been standing at his desk, apparently expecting this
cry. He rang his bell, and as the Chamber suddenly became respectfully
attentive, he said: 'Gentlemen, a large number of members desire that
we should at once deliberate upon this measure.'

'Yes, yes,' cried the Chamber with one voice.

But there was no deliberation. They proceeded to vote at once. The
two clauses of the measure which were successively put to the Chamber
were immediately passed by the deputies rising in their places. The
President had scarcely finished reading each clause before all the
members rose in a mass with much stamping of feet, as though under
the influence of some thrill of enthusiasm. Then the urn-shaped
ballot-boxes were passed round by the ushers who, threading their way
between the seats, received the votes in these zinc receptacles. The
400,000 francs were voted unanimously by the 239 members present.

'That's good work done,' said M. Béjuin naïvely, and he began to laugh
as though he had said something witty.

'It's past three o'clock; I'm off,' exclaimed M. La Rouquette, passing
in front of M. Kahn.

The Chamber was emptying. The deputies were all making for the doors
and seemed to vanish through the walls. The next business consisted of
matters of mere local interest, and there was soon no one left on the
benches except a few willing deputies who had probably nothing to do
elsewhere, and these resumed either their interrupted naps or their
conversation at the point where it had been broken off, the sitting
concluding, as it had begun, in the midst of listless indifference.
Gradually, too, the general buzzing subsided as though the Corps
Législatif had dropped off to sleep in some quiet corner of Paris.

'You had better try to get a word with Delestang as you go away,' said
M. Kahn to M. Béjuin. 'He came with Rougon, and must know something.'

'Yes, you are right; that's Delestang yonder,' replied M. Béjuin,
gazing at the councillor who was sitting on Rougon's left; 'I never
know them in those confounded uniforms.'

'I shall stop here so as to have a chance of getting hold of the great
man,' added M. Kahn. 'It's necessary that we should know the truth.'

The President was putting to the vote an interminable string of bills,
which were passed by the members rising in their places. They all
stood up and then sat down again quite mechanically, without ceasing
to converse and even without ceasing to sleep. The proceedings were
becoming so wearisome that most of the spectators whom curiosity had
brought to the gallery took their departure. Only Rougon's friends
remained. They were still hoping that he would speak.

Suddenly, a deputy, whose correctly trimmed whiskers bespoke the
provincial lawyer, arose. This at once stopped the monotonous mechanism
of the voting. Surprise made all the members turn and look at the one
who had risen. 'Gentlemen,' said he, standing in his place, 'I ask
permission to explain the reasons which, to my great regret, have
compelled me to differ from the majority of the Committee.'

His voice was so shrill and comical that the fair Clorinde had to
stifle a laugh with her hands. Below in the Chamber itself, the
astonishment was increasing. What was the man talking about? By dint
of inquiries, the others ascertained that the President had just
brought before the Chamber a bill authorising the department of the
Pyrénées-Orientales to borrow 250,000 francs wherewith to build
a Palace of Justice at Perpignan. The speaker, who was a general
councillor of the department, was opposing the bill. The matter seemed
likely to be interesting, so the deputies began to listen.

The member with the correctly trimmed whiskers spoke, however, with
great circumspection. He used the most guarded language, and referred
with the greatest respect to all the authorities; but the expenses
of the department, he said, were very heavy, and he dwelt at length
upon the financial situation of the Pyrénées-Orientales. Moreover, he
did not think that any necessity for a new Palace of Justice had been
satisfactorily demonstrated. He continued in this strain for a quarter
of an hour, and on sitting down seemed quite overcome with emotion.
Then Rougon again slowly dropped his eyelids which he had temporarily

However, the reporter of the Committee which had examined the bill
got up. He was a little animated old man who spoke in clear, incisive
tones like one who is sure of his ground. He began with a complimentary
reference to his honourable colleague, with whom he regretted to find
himself in disagreement. But really, he went on to say, the department
of the Pyrénées-Orientales was not nearly so heavily burdened as had
been alleged, and he brought forward fresh figures which showed the
financial position of the department in an entirely different light.
Moreover, the absolute necessity for a new Palace of Justice could not
be denied. And he entered into details. The old Palace, he said, was
situated in such a densely populated neighbourhood that the noise of
the streets prevented the judges from hearing counsel speak. Then it
was too small; and when the Assizes were being held, and there happened
to be a large number of witnesses in attendance, they were obliged
to remain on the landings exposed to the solicitations of interested
parties who might desire to influence them. The speaker concluded by
mentioning as an irresistible argument the fact that the measure had
been introduced at the instigation of the Keeper of the Seals himself.

Rougon was sitting quite still, his hands clasped upon his legs and his
head resting against the mahogany desk. At the outset of the discussion
his shoulders had seemed to sink lower than before, but when the first
speaker rose to reply, he raised his big frame without actually getting
on to his feet, and said in a husky voice: 'The honourable member who
reported upon this measure forgot to mention that it has also received
the approval of the Minister of the Interior and the Minister of

Then he let himself drop again and resumed the attitude of a drowsy
bull. A slight murmur ran through the Chamber, and the deputy who had
risen to reply sat down with a low bow. The bill was passed, and those
members who had shown any interest in the debate once more assumed an
expression of indifference.

Rougon had spoken. From one section of the gallery to another Colonel
Jobelin exchanged glances with the Charbonnels, while Madame Correur
made ready to leave her place, just as she would have quitted her box
at the theatre before the fall of the curtain, if the hero of the play
had delivered his last speech. M. d'Escorailles and Madame Bouchard had
already taken their departure. Clorinde stood by the velvet-covered
balustrade, her majestic figure showing conspicuously as she slowly
wrapped her lace shawl about her, glancing round the deputies' seats
as she did so. The rain was no longer beating down upon the window,
but the sky remained overcast. The mahogany desks looked quite black
in that sombre light, and a shadowy mist streamed over the seats,
which the bald heads of some of the deputies lighted up here and there
with patches of white. Against the marble-work below the vague, pale
allegorical figures, the President and the clerks and ushers, all in
black and ranged in a line, showed like the stiff silhouettes of a
shadow-pantomime. The whole Chamber became blurred in the suddenly
waning light.

'Oh, come along!' exclaimed Clorinde, pushing her mother out of the
gallery; 'it is enough to kill one in here!'

She quite startled the drowsy ushers in the corridor by the strange
fashion in which she had twisted her shawl round her hips.

When they got downstairs into the hall the ladies met Colonel Jobelin
and Madame Correur.

'We are waiting for him here,' said the colonel. 'Perhaps he will come
out this way. But in any case I have signalled to Kahn and Béjuin to
come and give me some information.'

Madame Correur stepped up to the Countess Balbi. 'Ah! it would be a
great misfortune,' she said in a disconsolate voice without attempting
to explain her meaning.

The colonel raised his eyes to heaven. 'The country has need of men
like Rougon,' he resumed after a short pause. 'The Emperor would make a
great mistake.'

Then there was another pause. Clorinde tried to peep into the 'Salle
des Pas Perdus,' but an usher promptly closed the door. So she came
back to her mother, who was standing silent in her black veil. 'What a
bore it is having to wait like this!' she muttered.

Some soldiers now made their appearance, and Colonel Jobelin thereupon
announced that the sitting was over. Next the Charbonnels came into
sight at the top of the staircase, and made their way down very
carefully one after the other and each clinging to the balustrade. As
soon as M. Charbonnel saw the colonel he called out: 'He didn't say
much, but he completely shut them up.'

'He hadn't a proper chance,' the colonel whispered when the other
reached him, 'otherwise you would have heard something fine. He wants
warming up.'

However, the soldiers had formed a double line from the Chamber to
the gallery leading to the President's mansion. Then a procession
made its appearance while the drummers beat a salute. At the head
walked two ushers, dressed in black with cocked hats under their arms,
chains about their necks, and swords with steel hilts at their sides.
Then came the President, escorted by two officers. The clerks of
the Chamber and the President's secretary followed. As the President
passed the fair Clorinde he smiled at her like a _homme du monde_,
notwithstanding the pomp of his procession.

'Ah, you are there!' cried M. Kahn, running up with a distracted look.

Though the public were at that time excluded from the 'Salle des Pas
Perdus,' he took them all into it and conducted them to one of the
large glass doors which opened upon the garden. He seemed very much
annoyed. 'I have missed him again!' he cried. 'He slipped out into
the Rue de Bourgogne while I was waiting for him in the Général Foy
gallery. But it really makes no difference; we shall get to know
everything all the same. I have sent Béjuin after Delestang.'

They waited for another ten long minutes. The deputies were all coming
away looking careless and unconcerned. Some of them lingered to light
cigars and others stood in little groups, laughing and shaking hands.
Madame Correur had stepped aside to inspect the 'Laocoon'; and while
the Charbonnels threw back their heads to look at a sea-gull which a
whimsical artist had painted on the frame of a fresco, as though it
were flying out of the picture, the fair Clorinde, standing in front
of the great bronze figure of Minerva, examined the arms and bosom of
the gigantic goddess with an air of interest. Meantime in a corner by
the glass door Colonel Jobelin and M. Kahn were carrying on an animated
conversation in low tones.

'Ah, there's Béjuin!' suddenly exclaimed the latter. Then they all
drew together with an expression of anxiety. M. Béjuin was breathing
heavily. 'Well?' they asked him.

'Well! the resignation has been accepted, and Rougon retires.'

It was a crushing blow. An interval of deep silence followed. However,
Clorinde, who, to employ her nervous fingers, was knotting a corner of
her shawl, caught sight of pretty Madame Bouchard walking slowly along
the garden, upon M. d'Escorailles' arm, with her head inclined over his
shoulder. They had come down before the others, and, taking advantage
of an open door, were now strolling like lovers under the lacework of
fresh young leaves, in the quiet walks usually utilised for serious
meditation. Clorinde beckoned to them.

'The great man has retired!' she said to the smiling young woman.

At this Madame Bouchard abruptly dropped her cavalier's arm, and turned
very pale and grave, while M. Kahn, surrounded by Rougon's alarmed
friends, despairingly raised his arms to heaven, unable to say a single



In the next morning's _Moniteur_ Rougon's resignation was officially
announced. It was stated that he had resigned for 'reasons of health.'
After his lunch, wishing to set everything in order for his successor,
he went down to the Council of State, and installed himself in the
spacious room hung with crimson and gold, which was assigned to the
President. And there, in front of a large rosewood writing-table, he
began to empty the drawers and classify the papers, which he tied up
in bundles with pieces of pink tape. All at once, however, he rang the
bell, and an usher entered the room--a splendidly built man who had
served in the cavalry.

'Give me a lighted candle,' said Rougon.

Then as the usher was leaving the room, after placing on the table a
small candlestick taken from the mantelpiece, Rougon called him back.
'Admit nobody, Merle,' he said; 'no one at all, you understand?'

'Yes, Monsieur le Président,' replied the usher, closing the door
noiselessly behind him.

A faint smile played over Rougon's face. He turned towards Delestang,
who stood at the other end of the room carefully examining the contents
of several pasteboard boxes. 'Our friend Merle hasn't read the
_Moniteur_ this morning,' he muttered.

Delestang merely shook his head, unable to think of any suitable reply.
He had a magnificent head, very bald, indeed, but bald after that
precocious fashion which is rather pleasing to women. His bare skull
greatly increased the size of his brow and gave him an expression of
vast intelligence. His clean-shaven, florid, and somewhat squarely cut
face recalled those perfect, pensive countenances which imaginative
painters are wont to confer upon great statesmen.

'Merle is extremely devoted to you,' he remarked after a pause.

Then he lowered his head over the pasteboard box which he was
examining, while Rougon crumpled up a handful of papers, and after
lighting them at the taper threw them into a large bronze vase which
stood at the edge of his table. He watched them burn away.

'Don't touch the boxes at the bottom, Delestang,' he said; 'there are
papers in them that I must examine myself.'

Then, for another quarter of an hour, they both went on with their
respective occupations in silence. It was a very fine day, and the sun
streamed in through three large windows which overlooked the quay.
Through one of them, which was half open, puffs of fresh air from the
Seine were wafted in, occasionally stirring the fringe of the silk
curtains, and rustling the crumpled pieces of paper which lay about the

'Just look at this,' said Delestang, handing Rougon a letter which he
had found.

Rougon read it and then quietly lighted it at the taper. It was a
letter on a delicate matter. The two men carried on a disjointed
conversation, breaking off every few moments to bury their faces afresh
in the piles of old papers. Rougon thanked Delestang for having come to
help him. He was the only person whom he felt that he could trust to
assist him in this task of washing the dirty linen of his five years'
presidency. They had been friends together in the Legislative Assembly,
where they had sat side by side on the same bench. It was there that
Rougon had taken a genuine fancy to this splendid-looking man, on
finding that he was so delightfully foolish and shallow and proud.
He often used to say with an air of conviction that 'that precious
Delestang would go a long way.' He did what he could to push him on,
gratitude yielding devotion, and he made use of him as a kind of strong
box in which he locked up whatever he could not carry about with him.

'How foolish of me to have kept all these papers!' Rougon murmured, as
he opened a fresh drawer which was crammed quite full.

'Here is a letter from a lady!' said Delestang winking.

At this Rougon broke out into a loud laugh, and his huge chest shook.
He took the letter with a protest. However, as soon as his eyes had
glanced over the first lines, he exclaimed: 'It was little Escorailles
who let this drop here! They are pretty things those letters. With
three lines from a woman, a fellow may go a long way!' Then, as he
burnt the letter, he added: 'Be on your guard against women, Delestang!'

Delestang bent his head again. He was perpetually becoming the victim
of some hazardous passion. In 1851 he had all but ruined his political
prospects. At that time he had been madly infatuated with the wife
of a socialist deputy, and to curry favour with her husband had more
frequently than not voted with the opposition against the Élysée.
The _coup d'état_ of the second of December consequently filled him
with terrible alarm, and he shut himself up for a couple of days in
distraction, overwhelmed, good for nothing, trembling with fear lest he
should be arrested. However, Rougon had helped him out of his awkward
position, advising him not to stand at the ensuing elections and taking
him down to the Élysée, where he succeeded in getting him a place in
the Council of State. Delestang, whose father had been a wine-merchant
at Bercy, was himself a retired attorney and the owner of a model farm
near Sainte-Menehould. He was worth several millions of francs and
lived in a very handsome house in the Rue du Colisée.

'Yes, beware of women,' Rougon repeated, pausing after each word so as
to glance at his papers. 'When a woman does not put a crown on your
head she slips a halter round your neck. At our age a man's heart wants
as carefully looking after as his stomach.'

At this moment a loud noise was heard in the ante-chamber, and Merle's
voice could be recognised refusing admission to some visitor. However,
a little man suddenly rushed into the room, exclaiming, 'I really must
shake hands with my dear friend!'

'Hallo! is it you, Du Poizat?' exclaimed Rougon without rising.

Merle was making sweeping gesticulations to excuse himself, but his
master bade him close the door. Then he quietly said to Du Poizat: 'I
thought you were at Bressuire. So you desert your sub-prefecture as
easily as an old mistress, eh?'

Du Poizat, who was a slightly built man with a mean-looking face and
very white irregular teeth, shrugged his shoulders as he replied: 'I
arrived in Paris this morning on business, and I did not intend to come
and see you till the evening, when I should have called upon you in the
Rue Marbeuf and have asked you to give me some dinner. But when I read
the _Moniteur_----' Then he broke off, pulled an easy-chair in front of
the writing-table, and seated himself face to face with Rougon. 'Well
now, what's been happening, eh?' he resumed. 'I've come from the depths
of the Deux-Sèvres. I had heard something down there, but I had no idea
of this. Why didn't you write to me?'

Rougon, in his turn, shrugged his shoulders. It was evident that
tidings of his disgrace had reached Du Poizat in the country, and that
he had hastened to Paris to see if he could find a means of securing
stability for his own position. So Rougon gave him a keen glance as
he rejoined: 'I should have written to you this evening. Send in your
resignation, my good fellow.'

'That's all that I wanted to know. Well, I will resign,' replied Du
Poizat quietly.

Then he rose from his seat and began to whistle. As he slowly paced the
room he caught sight of Delestang kneeling on the carpet in the midst
of a litter of pasteboard boxes. He approached and silently shook hands
with him. Then he took a cigar out of his pocket and lighted it at the

'I may smoke here, I suppose, as you are moving?' he said, again
sitting down in the easy-chair. 'It's good fun is moving!'

Rougon, however, was absorbed in a bundle of papers which he read
with deep attention, sorting them very carefully, burning some and
preserving others. Du Poizat, with his head lolling back, and puffing
light clouds of smoke from between his lips, remained watching him.
They had become acquainted with each other some months before the
Revolution of February, 1848. At that time they were both boarding
with Madame Correur at the Hôtel Vanneau in the Rue Vanneau. Du Poizat
had found himself quite at home there, for he and Madame Correur had
both been born at Coulonges, a little town in the district of Niort.
His father, a process-server, had sent him to study law in Paris,
where he allowed him only a hundred francs a month, although he had
amassed large sums by lending money for short periods at extortionate
interest. The old man's wealth seemed, indeed, so inexplicably great
to his country neighbours that it was said he had discovered a large
treasure in an old chest of drawers upon which he had distrained. From
the outset of the Bonapartist propaganda Rougon had availed himself of
the services of this scraggy youth, who, chafing and fuming, made such
short work of his monthly hundred francs, and they dabbled together
in the most risky undertakings. Later on, when Rougon was desirous of
entering the Legislative Assembly, Du Poizat worked energetically to
secure his election for Deux-Sèvres. Then, after the _coup d'état_,
Rougon in his turn used all his influence on behalf of Du Poizat and
got him appointed sub-prefect at Bressuire. The young man, then barely
thirty years of age, had desired to return in triumph to his own
neighbourhood, where he would be near his father, through whose avarice
he had led a life of torture ever since leaving college.

'And how is your father?' asked Rougon, without raising his eyes.

'Oh, much too well,' answered Du Poizat bluntly. 'He has sent his last
remaining servant away because she ate three pounds of bread a week.
Now he keeps a couple of loaded guns behind his door, and when I go to
see him I have to parley with him over the wall of the yard.'

While talking, Du Poizat leaned forward and poked his fingers into
the bronze vase, where some fragments of paper were lying only
half-consumed. Rougon sharply raised his head as he noticed this. He
had always felt somewhat distrustful of his old lieutenant, whose
irregular white teeth resembled those of a young wolf. In the days when
they had worked together he had always made a point of never allowing
any compromising document to fall into his hands; and now, as he saw
him trying to decipher some words that still remained legible on the
charred fragments, he threw a handful of blazing letters into the vase.
Du Poizat perfectly understood why he did so; however, he merely smiled
and began to joke. 'It's a thorough cleaning you're going in for,' he

Then he took a large pair of scissors and began to use them as tongs.
He raised the letters which were not consumed to the taper in order to
relight them, held up those which had been too tightly crumpled to burn
in the vase, and stirred all the flaming ashes as though he were mixing
a blazing bowl of punch. The red-hot sparks danced about in the vase,
and a cloud of bluish smoke arose and gently curled away towards the
open window. At intervals the candle flickered and then burnt brightly
again with a straight, tall flame.

'That candle looks like a funeral-taper!' said Du Poizat with a grin.
'Ah! it's really a burial, my poor friend. What a lot of skeletons that
require to be reduced to ashes, eh!'

Rougon was about to reply, when a fresh commotion was heard in the
ante-chamber. Merle was a second time refusing admission. As the voices
grew louder, Rougon at last exclaimed: 'Will you kindly see what it is,
Delestang? If I show myself we shall be quite invaded.'

Delestang cautiously opened the door and closed it behind him. But
he popped his head into the room almost immediately afterwards,
exclaiming: 'It's Kahn!'

'Oh, well!' replied Rougon; 'let him come in; but no one else, mind!'
Then he called to Merle and reiterated his orders.

'I beg your pardon, my dear friend,' he said, turning to Kahn, as soon
as the usher had left the room; 'but I am so very busy. Sit down beside
Du Poizat and keep quite still or I shall be obliged to turn you both
out of the room.'

The deputy did not appear in the least offended by Rougon's blunt
reception. He was quite accustomed to those ways. He took an easy-chair
and sat down beside Du Poizat, who was lighting a second cigar. 'It is
getting very warm,' he said, after drawing breath. 'I have just been to
the Rue Marbeuf; I expected to find you at home.'

Rougon made no reply, and there was an interval of silence. The
ex-President crumpled up some papers and threw them into a basket which
he had placed by his side.

'I want to talk to you,' resumed M. Kahn.

'Talk away!' said Rougon; 'I am listening.'

Then the deputy seemed to become suddenly aware of the disorder of the
room. 'What are you doing?' he asked with admirably feigned surprise.
'Are you changing your room?'

His tone seemed so sincere that Delestang actually paused in what he
was doing in order to hand him the _Moniteur_.

'Oh dear! Oh dear!' he cried, as soon as he had glanced at the paper.
'I thought the matter was satisfactorily arranged yesterday evening.
This comes upon me like a thunderbolt. My dear friend----'

He rose and pressed Rougon's hands. The latter looked at him in
silence, while two deep scoffing creases appeared on his heavy face
near his under lip. As Du Poizat seemed quite unmoved, he suspected
that he and Kahn had already met earlier in the morning, and he was
confirmed in this opinion as the deputy had shown no surprise at seeing
the sub-prefect. He surmised that one of the pair had come straight to
the Council of State while the other hastened to the Rue Marbeuf, so
that they might be sure to find him at the one or the other place.

'Well, there is something you want to say to me,' quietly resumed
Rougon. 'What is it?'

'Oh, I won't trouble you about that now, my dear friend!' exclaimed the
deputy. 'You have got sufficient to worry you as it is. I should be
very sorry to bother you with my own troubles at a time like this.'

'Oh, it will be no bother, I assure you. Speak away.'

'Well, then, I wanted to speak to you about that affair of mine, that
confounded grant. I am very glad that Du Poizat is here, as he may be
able to give us information upon certain points.'

Then he explained at great length the exact position which the matter
had reached. It was a scheme for a railway from Niort to Angers, upon
which he had been engaged for the last three years. The projected line
would pass through Bressuire, where he possessed some blast-furnaces,
the value of which it would largely increase. At the present time there
were great difficulties in the way of transport, and the business was
consequently languishing. M. Kahn had some hopes, too, that he would
be able to get some very profitable pickings out of the affair, and so
he had greatly exerted himself in order to obtain the grant. Rougon
had supported him energetically, and the grant had almost been secured
when M. de Marsy, the Minister of the Interior, vexed at having no
share in the affair, which he guessed would afford a superb opportunity
for jobbery, and being also very desirous of doing anything that might
annoy Rougon, had used all his influence to oppose the scheme. With
that audacity of his which made him such a terrible opponent, he had
even just persuaded the Minister of Public Works to offer the grant to
the Western Railway Company, besides circulating a statement that this
company alone could successfully carry out the branch line, for the
satisfactory working of which some substantial guarantee was required.
Thus M. Kahn seemed in great danger of losing all the advantages he
had hoped to gain, and Rougon's fall appeared likely to involve him in

'I heard yesterday,' said he, 'that one of the company's engineers
had been instructed to make a survey for the new line. Have you heard
anything of it, Du Poizat?'

'Yes, indeed,' replied the sub-prefect. 'The survey has already
commenced. They are trying to avoid the detour which you were planning
in order to make the line touch Bressuire, and propose to carry it
straight along past Parthenay and Thouars.'

A gesture of discouragement escaped the deputy. 'It is sheer
persecution!' he exclaimed. 'What harm could it do them to let the line
pass my place? But I will protest and write against their plan. I will
go back with you to Bressuire.'

'No, no; you had better not wait for me,' said Du Poizat with a smile.
'It seems that I have got to resign.'

M. Kahn fell back in his chair, as though overcome by a final
catastrophe. He rubbed his beard with both hands and looked at Rougon
with an air of entreaty. The latter had ceased to examine his papers,
and was leaning on his elbows and listening.

'I suppose,' he said, somewhat roughly, 'that you want my advice? Well,
then, my good friends, just remain quiet and try to keep things as they
are until we get the upper hand. Du Poizat is going to resign, because,
if he didn't, he would be dismissed within a fortnight. As for you,
Kahn, you had better write to the Emperor and use all available means
to prevent the grant being obtained by the Western Railway Company. You
won't get it for yourself at present, but as long as it is not given
to any one else, there is a chance of your winning it later on.' Then,
as the two men nodded, he continued: 'Well, that's all I can do for
you. I am down and you must give me time to pick myself up again. You
don't see me going about with a woe-begone face, do you? Well, I should
be much obliged if you wouldn't look as though you were attending my
funeral. For my part, I am delighted at retiring into private life
again. I shall at last be able to take a little rest.'

He heaved a deep sigh, crossed his arms, and rocked his huge frame
backwards and forwards. M. Kahn said nothing more about his scheme, but
tried to imitate Du Poizat and appear perfectly indifferent. Delestang
had opened some more pasteboard boxes, and worked away so quietly
behind the chairs that the slight rustling noise which he made every
now and then might have been attributed to a troop of mice flitting
across the papers. Meantime the sunlight was travelling over the
crimson carpet and lighting up a corner of the writing-table, paling
the flame of the candle which was still burning there.

A friendly conversation sprang up amongst the men. Rougon, who was
tying up some more bundles of papers, declared that he was really not
cut out for politics, and smiled good-naturedly as his heavy eyelids
drooped, as though with weariness, over his glistening eyes. He would
have liked, he said, to have a large estate to cultivate, fields which
he could dig up at his pleasure, and flocks of animals, horses, cattle,
sheep, and dogs, of which he would be the one absolute monarch. He told
them that in former days, when only a country lawyer at Plassans, his
great pleasure had consisted in setting off in a blouse on a shooting
expedition of several days through the ravines of La Seille, where he
shot eagles. He said that he was a peasant; his grandfather had dug
the soil. Then he assumed the air of a man disgusted with the world.
Power had grown wearisome to him, and he meant to spend the summer in
the country. He declared that he had never felt so light-hearted as he
did that morning, and he gave a mighty shrug of his strong shoulders as
though he had just thrown off some heavy burden.

'How much did you get here as President?' asked M. Kahn; 'eighty
thousand francs?'

Rougon nodded assent.

'And now you'll only have your thirty thousand as a senator.'

However, Rougon exclaimed that this change would not affect him at all.
He could live upon next to nothing and indulged in no vices; which was
perfectly true. He was neither a gambler, nor a glutton, nor a loose
liver. His whole ambition, he declared, was to be his own master. Then
he reverted to his idea of a farm, where he would be king of all sorts
of animals. His ideal life was to wield a whip and be paramount; to be
the master, chief both in intelligence and power. Gradually he grew
animated and talked of animals as though they had been men, declaring
that the mob liked to be driven, and that shepherds directed their
flocks by pelting them with stones. His face seemed transfigured,
his thick lips protruded scornfully, while his whole expression was
instinct with strength and power. While he spoke he brandished a bundle
of papers in his clenched fist, and it seemed every now and then as
though he were going to throw it at the heads of M. Kahn and Du Poizat,
who watched his sudden outburst of excitement with uneasy anxiety.

'The Emperor has behaved very badly,' at last muttered Du Poizat.

Then Rougon all at once became quite calm again. His face turned
loamy and his body seemed to grow flabby and obese. He began to sound
the Emperor's praises in an exaggerated fashion. Napoleon III. was a
man of mighty intelligence, he declared, with a mind of astonishing
depth. Du Poizat and Kahn exchanged a meaning look. But Rougon waxed
still more lavish of his praises, and, speaking of his devotion to his
master, declared with great humility that he had always been proud
of being a mere instrument in the Emperor's hands. He talked on in
this strain till he made Du Poizat, who was of a somewhat irritable
nature, quite impatient, and they began to wrangle. The sub-prefect
spoke with considerable bitterness of all that Rougon and he had done
for the Empire between 1848 and 1851, when they were lodging with
Madame Correur in a condition of semi-starvation. He referred to the
terrible days, especially those of the first year, when they had gone
splashing through the mud of Paris, recruiting partisans for the
Emperor's cause. Later on they had risked their skins a score of times.
And wasn't it Rougon who on the morning of the second of December had
taken possession of the Palais Bourbon at the head of a regiment of
the line? That was a game at which men staked their lives! Yet now
to-day he was being sacrificed and made the victim of a court intrigue.
Rougon, however, protested against this assertion. He was not being
sacrificed--he was resigning for private reasons. And as Du Poizat,
now fully wound up, began to call the folks of the Tuileries a set of
'pigs,' he ended by reducing him to silence by bringing his fist down
upon the rosewood writing-table with a force which made it creak.

'That is all nonsense!' he said.

'You are, indeed, going rather far,' remarked M. Kahn.

Delestang was standing behind the chairs looking very pale. He opened
the door gently to see if any one were listening, but there was nobody
in the ante-chamber excepting Merle, whose back was turned with an
appearance of great discretion. Rougon's observation had made Du
Poizat blush, and quickly cooling down he chewed his cigar in silent

'There is no doubt that the Emperor is surrounded by injudicious
advisers,' Rougon resumed after a pause. 'I ventured to tell him as
much, and he smiled. He even condescended to jest about it, and told me
that my own _entourage_ was no better than his own.'

Du Poizat and Kahn laughed in a constrained fashion. They thought the
reply a very good one.

'But,' continued Rougon in meaning tones, 'I repeat that I am retiring
of my own free will. If any one questions you, who are my friends, on
the matter, you can say that yesterday evening I was quite at liberty
to withdraw my resignation. You can contradict, too, the tittle-tattle
which is being circulated about Rodriguez's affair, out of which
people seem to be making a perfect romance. On this subject no doubt
I disagreed with the majority of the Council of State, and there has
certainly been a deal of friction in the matter which has hastened my
retirement. But I had weightier and earlier reasons than that. For a
long time past I had made up my mind to resign the high position which
I owed to the Emperor's kindness.'

He punctuated this speech with the gesture of the right hand, in which
he constantly indulged when addressing the Chamber. He evidently wished
that what he was saying might be made public. M. Kahn and Du Poizat,
who knew very well the kind of individual they had to deal with, tried
all kinds of stratagems to get at the real truth. They felt quite sure
that 'the great man,' as they familiarly called him between themselves,
had some formidable scheme in his head. So they turned the conversation
on general politics. Rougon then began to scoff at the parliamentary
system, which he called 'the dunghill of mediocrity.' The Chamber,
he declared, enjoyed quite an absurd amount of liberty even now, and
indulged in far too much talk. France required governing, he said, by a
suitably devised machine, with the Emperor at the head, and the great
state-bodies, reduced to the position of mere working gear, below. He
laughed, and his huge chest heaved, as he carried his theory to the
point of exaggeration, displaying the while a scornful contempt for the
imbeciles who demanded powerful rule.

'But,' interposed M. Kahn, 'with the Emperor at the top, and everybody
else at the bottom, matters cannot be very pleasant for any one except
the Emperor.'

'Those who feel bored can take themselves off,' Rougon quietly replied.
He smiled, and then added: 'They can wait till things become amusing,
and then they can come back.'

A long interval of silence followed. M. Kahn began to stroke his
beard contentedly. He had found out what he wanted to know. He had
made a correct guess at the Chamber on the previous afternoon when he
had insinuated that Rougon, finding his influence at the Tuileries
seriously shaken, had taken time by the forelock and resigned.
Rodriguez's business had afforded him a splendid opportunity for
honourable withdrawal.

'And what are people saying?' Rougon at last inquired in order to break
the silence.

'Well, I've only just got here,' said Du Poizat, 'but a little while
ago I heard a gentleman who wore a decoration declaring in a café that
he strongly approved of your retirement.'

'Béjuin was very much affected about it yesterday,' added M. Kahn.
'Béjuin is much attached to you. He's rather slow, but he's very
genuine. Little La Rouquette, too, spoke very properly, and referred to
you in the kindest terms.'

Other names were mentioned as the conversation continued. Rougon
asked direct questions, without showing the least embarrassment, and
extracted full particulars from the deputy, who complaisantly gave him
an exact account of the demeanour of the Corps Législatif towards him.

'This afternoon,' interrupted Du Poizat, who felt somewhat annoyed at
having no information to impart, 'I will take a ramble through Paris,
and to-morrow morning, as soon as I'm out of bed, I will come and tell
you all I have heard.'

'By the way,' cried M. Kahn, with a laugh, 'I forgot to tell you about
Combelot. I never saw a man in greater embarrassment.'

He stopped short on seeing Rougon glance warningly towards Delestang,
who, with his back turned towards them, was at that moment standing on
a chair removing an accumulation of newspapers which had been stored
away atop of a bookcase. M. de Combelot had married one of Delestang's
sisters. Delestang himself, since Rougon had fallen into disfavour,
had felt a little down-hearted on account of his relationship with a
chamberlain; and so, wishing to affect independence, he turned and said
with a smile: 'Why don't you go on? Combelot is an ass. That's the long
and short of it, eh?'

This ready condemnation of his brother-in-law afforded the others much
amusement, and Delestang, noticing his success, continued his attack
even to the extent of falling foul of Combelot's beard, that famous
black beard which had such a reputation among the ladies. Then, as he
threw a bundle of newspapers on to the floor, he said abruptly: 'What
is a source of sorrow to some is a source of joy to others.'

This truism led to M. de Marsy's name being introduced into the
conversation. Rougon bent his head and devoted himself to a searching
examination of a portfolio, leaving his friends to ease their minds.
They spoke of Marsy with all the rageful hostility which politicians
show for an adversary. They revelled in the strongest language,
bringing all kinds of abominable accusations against him, and so
grossly exaggerating such stories which had a foundation of truth
that they became mere lies. Du Poizat, who had known Marsy in former
days, before the Empire, declared that he was kept at that time by
a baroness whose diamonds he had exhausted in three months. M. Kahn
asserted that there was not a single shady affair started in any part
of Paris without Marsy having a hand in it. They encouraged each other
in charges of this kind, and went on from worse to worse. In a mining
affair Marsy had received a bribe of fifteen hundred thousand francs;
during the previous month he had offered a furnished house to little
Florence of the Bouffes Theatre, a trifle for which he had paid six
hundred thousand francs, his share of the profits of a speculation in
Morocco railway stock; finally, not a week ago, a grand scheme for
constructing canals in Egypt, which had been got up by certain tools
of his, had scandalously collapsed, the shareholders discovering that
not a single shovelful of earth had been turned, although they had been
paying out money for a couple of years or so. Then, too, they fell foul
of Marsy's physical appearance, tried to depreciate his good looks, and
even attacked the collection of pictures which he was getting together.

'He's a brigand in the skin of a vaudevillist,' Du Poizat ended by

Rougon slowly raised his head and fixed his big eyes on the two men.
'You are going it well,' he said. 'Marsy manages his affairs in his own
way, as you manage yours in your way. As regards myself and him, we
don't get on well together, and if ever I have a chance to crush him
I shall avail myself of it without hesitation. But all that you have
been saying doesn't prevent Marsy from being a very clever fellow, and,
if ever the whim takes him, he will only make a mouthful of you two, I
warn you of it.'

Then Rougon, tired of sitting, rose and stretched himself. He gave a
great yawn, as he added: 'And he will do it all the more easily, my
friends, now that I shall no longer be in a position to interfere.'

'Oh, you can lead Marsy a pretty dance if you like,' said Du Poizat,
with a faint smile. 'You have some papers here which he would be
glad to pay a big price for. Those yonder, I mean, the papers in the
Lardenois matter, in which he played such a singular part. There's a
very curious letter from him among them, which I recognise as one that
I brought you myself at the time.'

Rougon went up to the grate in order to throw the papers with which he
had gradually filled his basket into the fire. The bronze vase was no
longer large enough. 'We must deal a stunning blow, and not give a mere
scratch,' he replied, shrugging his shoulders disdainfully. 'Every one
has foolish letters astray in the possession of other people.'

He then lighted the letter just spoken of at the candle, and used it
to set fire to the heap of papers in the grate. He remained squatting
for a moment, whilst watching the blazing pile. Some thick official
documents turned black, and twisted about like sheets of lead; the
letters and memoranda, scrawled over with handwriting, threw up little
tongues of bluish flame, while inside the grate, amidst a swarm of
sparks, half-consumed fragments still remained quite legible.

At this moment the door was thrown wide open, and a laughing voice was
heard exclaiming: 'All right! I will excuse you, Merle. I belong to the
house, and if you don't let me come in this way, I shall go round by
the Council Chamber.'

It was M. d'Escorailles, for whom some six months previously Rougon had
obtained an appointment as auditor at the Council of State. On his arm
hung pretty Madame Bouchard, looking delightfully fresh in a bright
spring toilette.

'Good heavens!' muttered Rougon, 'we've got women here now.'

He did not immediately leave his place by the grate, but still
stooping, grasping the shovel, and pressing down the blazing papers
so as to guard against an accident, he raised his big face with an
air of displeasure. M. d'Escorailles, however, appeared in no way
disconcerted. When he and the young woman had crossed the threshold,
they ceased to smile, and assumed an expression more suited to the

'My dear master,' said Escorailles, 'I bring a friend of yours, who
insists upon coming to express her sorrow. We have seen the _Moniteur_
this morning----'

'Oh, you have seen the _Moniteur_, too,' muttered Rougon, at last
rising erect. Then he caught sight of some one whom he had not
previously noticed. 'Ah, Monsieur Bouchard also!' he exclaimed,

It was, indeed, the husband who, silent and dignified, had just entered
the room in the wake of his wife's skirts. M. Bouchard was sixty years
old: his hair was quite white, his eyes were dim, and his face was worn
by twenty-five years of official labour. He did not say a single word,
but took Rougon's hand with an appearance of emotion, and gave it three
vigorous shakes.

'It is really very kind of you all to come and see me,' said Rougon,
'only you will be terribly in my way. However, come here, will you? Du
Poizat, give Madame Bouchard your chair.'

He turned as he spoke, and then saw Colonel Jobelin standing in front
of him. 'What! are you here as well, colonel?' he cried.

As a matter of fact, the door had been left open, and Merle had been
unable to stop the colonel, who had come up the staircase immediately
behind the Bouchards. He was accompanied by his son, a tall lad of
fifteen, a pupil at the Louis-le-Grand College. 'I wanted Auguste
to see you,' he said. 'It is misfortune that reveals true friends.
Auguste, go and give your hand----'

Rougon, however, had sprung towards the ante-room, crying: 'Shut the
door, Merle! What are you thinking about? We shall have all Paris in
here directly!'

With calm face the usher replied: 'It's all because they caught sight
of you, Monsieur le Président.'

Even as he spoke, he was obliged to step back close to the wall,
in order to allow the Charbonnels to pass. They came into the room
abreast, but not arm-in-arm. They were out of breath, and looked
disconsolate and amazed; and they both began to speak at once. 'We have
just seen the _Moniteur_! What dreadful news! How distressed your poor
mother will be! And what a sad position, too, it puts us in ourselves!'

More guileless than the others, the Charbonnels were about to enter
upon their own little affairs at once, but Rougon stopped them. He
shot a bolt, hidden beneath the door lock, and remarked that if any
people wanted to come in now, they would have to break the door open.
Then, observing that none of his visitors showed signs of leaving, he
resigned himself, and tried to finish his task in the midst of these
nine people who were crowding his room. The whole place was now in a
state of chaotic confusion, there being such a litter of portfolios
and papers on the floor that when the colonel and M. Bouchard wanted
to reach a window-recess, they had to exercise the greatest care in
order to avoid trampling upon some important document. All the chairs
were covered with bundles of papers, excepting the one on which Madame
Bouchard was now seated. She was smiling at the gallant speeches of Du
Poizat and M. Kahn; while M. d'Escorailles, unable to find a hassock,
pushed a thick blue portfolio, stuffed with letters, under her feet.
The drawers of the writing-table, which had been pushed into a corner
of the room, afforded the Charbonnels a temporary seat where they could
recover their breath, while young Auguste, delighted at finding himself
in the bustle of a removal, poked about till he disappeared behind
the mountain of pasteboard boxes, amid which Delestang had previously
entrenched himself. As the latter threw down the newspapers from the
top of the bookcase, he raised considerable dust, which made Madame
Bouchard cough slightly.

'I don't advise you to stay here amidst all this dirt,' said Rougon,
who was now emptying the boxes which he had asked Delestang to leave

The young woman, however, quite rosy from her fit of coughing, assured
him that she was very comfortable, and that the dust would not harm
her bonnet. Then all the visitors poured forth their condolences. The
Emperor, they declared, must care very little about the real interests
of the country to allow himself to be influenced by men so unworthy
of his confidence. France was suffering a great loss. But it was ever
thus, they said; a man of high intelligence always had every mediocrity
leagued against him.

'Governments have no gratitude,' declared M. Kahn.

'So much the worse for them!' exclaimed the colonel; 'they strike
themselves when they strike those who serve them.'

However, M. Kahn was desirous of having the last word on the subject,
so he turned to Rougon, and said: 'When a man like you falls, it is a
subject for public mourning.'

This met with the approval of all. 'Yes, yes,' they exclaimed, 'for
public mourning, indeed!'

Rougon raised his head upon hearing this fulsome praise. His greyish
cheeks flushed slightly, and his whole face was irradiated by a
suppressed smile of satisfaction. He was as proud of his ability
as a woman is of her beauty, and he liked to receive point-blank
compliments. It was becoming evident, however, that his visitors were
in each other's way. They repeatedly glanced at one another, resolving
to sit one another out, unwilling as they were to say all they desired
in the presence of their companions. Now that the great man had fallen,
they were anxious to know if he had done anything for them while he yet
had the power. The colonel was the first to take an active step. He led
Rougon, who, with a portfolio under his arm, readily followed him, into
one of the window-recesses.

'Have you given me a thought?' he asked with a pleasant smile.

'Yes, indeed. Your nomination as commander of the Legion of Honour
was again promised me four days ago. But, of course, to-day it is
impossible for me to say anything with certainty. I confess to you that
I am afraid my friends will be made to suffer by my fall.'

The colonel's lips trembled with emotion. He stammered that they must
do what they could, and then, turning suddenly round, he called out:

The lad was on his hands and knees underneath the desk, trying to
decipher the inscriptions on the batches of documents. However, he
hastened to his father.

'Here's this lad of mine,' resumed the colonel in an undertone. 'I
shall have to find a berth for the young scamp one of these days. I am
counting upon you to help me. I haven't made up my mind yet between the
law and the public service. Give your good friend your hand, Auguste,
so that he may recollect you.'

While this scene was going on, Madame Bouchard, who had begun to bite
her gloves impatiently, had risen from her chair and made her way to
the window on the left, after giving M. d'Escorailles a look which
meant that he was to follow her. Her husband was already there, leaning
upon the cross-bar and gazing out upon the view. The leaves of the tall
chestnut trees in the Tuileries Garden were languidly waving in the
warm sunshine, and the Seine could be seen rolling blue waters, flecked
with golden light, between the Royal and Concorde bridges.

Madame Bouchard suddenly turned round and exclaimed: 'Oh! Monsieur
Rougon, come and look here.'

Thereupon Rougon hastily quitted the colonel, while Du Poizat, who had
followed the young woman, discreetly retired, again joining M. Kahn at
the middle window.

'Do you see that barge full of bricks? It nearly foundered just now,'
said Madame Bouchard.

Rougon looked and obligingly lingered there in the sunshine till M.
d'Escorailles, upon a fresh glance from the young woman, said to him:
'Monsieur Bouchard wants to send in his resignation. We have brought
him here in order that you may try to dissuade him.'

M. Bouchard then explained that he could not endure injustice. 'Yes,
Monsieur Rougon,'he continued, 'I began as a copying-clerk in the
office of the Minister of the Interior, and reached the position of
head clerk without owing either to favour or intrigue. I have been
head clerk since 1847. Well, the post of head of department has been
vacant five times--four times under the Republic and once under the
Empire--and yet the Minister has not once thought of me, though I had
hierarchical rights to the place. Now that you will no longer be able
to fulfil the promise you gave me I think I had better retire.'

Rougon tried to soothe him. The post, said he, had not yet been
bestowed upon any one else, and even if he did not get it this time,
it would only be a chance lost; a chance which would certainly present
itself again on some future occasion. Then he grasped Madame Bouchard's
hands and complimented her in a paternal fashion. Her husband's house
had been the first thrown open to him on his arrival in Paris, and it
was there that he had met the colonel, who was the head clerk's cousin.
Later on, when M. Bouchard had inherited his father's property and had
been smitten, at fifty-four years of age, with a sudden desire to get
married, Rougon had acted as witness on behalf of Madame Bouchard, then
Adèle Desvignes, a well brought up young lady of a respectable family
at Rambouillet. The head clerk had been anxious to marry a young lady
from the provinces, because he made a point of having a steady wife.
However, the fair and adorable little Adèle, with her innocent blue
eyes, had in less than four years proved to be a great deal worse than
a mere flirt.

'There, now, don't distress yourself,' said Rougon, who was still
holding her hands in his big fists. 'You know very well that I will do
my best for you.'

Then he took M. d'Escorailles aside, and told him that he had written
that morning to his father to tranquillise him. The young auditor must
remain quietly in his place. The Escorailles family was one of the
oldest in Plassans, where it was treated with the utmost respect; and
Rougon, who in former days had often dragged his worn-down boots past
the old Marquis's house, took a pride in protecting and assisting the
young man. The family retained an enthusiastic devotion for Henri V.,
though it allowed its heir to serve the Empire. This was one of the
inevitable consequences of the wickedness of the times.

Meanwhile, at the middle window, which they had opened to obtain
greater privacy, Kahn and Du Poizat were talking together, while gazing
out upon the distant roofs of the Tuileries, which looked blue in the
haze of the sunlight. They were sounding each other, dropping a few
words, and then lapsing into intervals of silence. Rougon, they agreed,
was too impulsive. He ought not to have allowed himself to be irritated
by that Rodriguez question, which might have been very easily settled.
Then M. Kahn, gazing blankly into the distance, murmured as though he
were speaking to himself: 'A man knows when he falls, but never knows
whether he will rise again.'

Du Poizat pretended not to hear; but, after a long pause, he said: 'Oh!
he's a very clever fellow.'

Then the deputy abruptly turned, and, looking the sub-prefect full in
the face, spoke to him very rapidly: 'Between ourselves, I am afraid
for him. He plays with fire. We are his friends, of course, and there
can be no thought of our abandoning him. But I must say that he has
thought very little about us in this matter. Take my own case, for
instance. I have matters of enormous importance on my hands, and he
has placed them in utter jeopardy by this sudden freak of his. He
would have no right to complain--would he, now?--if I were to knock
at somebody else's door; for, you know, it is not I alone who suffer,
there are all the townsfolk as well.'

'Yes, well, go and knock at some other door,' said Du Poizat, with a

At this the deputy, in a sudden outburst of anger, let the truth escape
him. 'But is it possible? This confounded fellow spoils you with
everybody else. When you belong to his band, every one else fights shy
of you.'

Then he calmed down, sighed, and looked out towards the Arc de
Triomphe, which could be seen rising in a greyish mass out of the green
expanse of the Champs Élysées. 'Well, well,' he continued softly, 'I'm
as faithful as a dog myself.'

For the last moment or two the colonel had been standing behind the two
men. 'Fidelity is the road to honour,' said he in his military voice.
Then, as Du Poizat and Kahn made room for him, he added: 'Rougon is
contracting a debt to us to-day. Rougon no longer belongs to himself.'

This remark met with the warmest approval. It was certainly quite
true that Rougon no longer belonged to himself. What was more, it
was necessary that he should be distinctly told so in order that he
might know what it behoved him to do. Then the three friends chatted
in whispers, forming plans and fortifying each other with hope. At
intervals they turned and cast a glance into the big room to make sure
that no one was monopolising the great man for too long a time.

The great man was now gathering up the portfolios, while still talking
to Madame Bouchard. The Charbonnels were wrangling in the corner where
they had remained silent and ill at ease ever since their arrival. They
had twice attempted to get hold of Rougon, but had been anticipated by
the colonel and the young woman. Now, at last, M. Charbonnel pushed his
wife towards the ex-President.

'This morning,' she stammered, 'we received a letter from your

Rougon did not allow her to finish, but took her and her husband
into the window-recess on the right hand, once more abandoning his
portfolios without any great sign of impatience.

'We have received a letter from your mother,' repeated Madame
Charbonnel, and she was going to read the letter in question, when
Rougon took it from her and glanced over it. Charbonnel was a retired
oil merchant of Plassans, and he and his wife had been protected by
Madame Félicité, as Rougon's mother was called in her own little
town. She had given them a letter of introduction to her son on the
occasion of their presenting a petition to the Council of State. A
cousin of theirs, one Chevassu, a lawyer at Faverolles, the chief town
of a neighbouring department, had died, leaving his fortune of five
hundred thousand francs to the Sisters of the Holy Family. Originally
the Charbonnels had not expected to inherit his fortune, but having
suddenly become his next heirs, owing to his brother's death, they
contested the will on the ground of undue influence; and the Sisterhood
having petitioned the Council of State to authorise the payment of the
bequest to them, they had left their old home at Plassans, hastened to
Paris, and taken lodgings at the Hôtel du Périgord in the Rue Jacob in
order that they might be on the spot to look after their interests. The
matter had been lingering on for the past six months.

'We are feeling extremely depressed,' sighed Madame Charbonnel, while
Rougon was reading the letter. 'I myself was always against bringing
this action, but Monsieur Charbonnel said that with you on our side
we should certainly get the money, as you had only to say a word to
put the five hundred thousand francs into our pocket. Isn't that so,
Monsieur Charbonnel?'

The retired oil merchant nodded his head with a hopeless air.

'And for such a sum as that,' continued Madame Charbonnel, 'it did seem
worth while to make a change in our old way of life. And it has been
nicely changed and disturbed, indeed. Will you believe it, Monsieur
Rougon, they actually refused to change our dirty towels at the hotel
yesterday? We who have five chests full of linen at home!'

She went on railing at Paris, which she detested. They had originally
come thither for a week. Then, as they had always hoped to be able to
return home during the following week, they had not thought it worth
while to send for anything, and, their case still being unsettled,
they doggedly lingered on in their furnished lodgings, eating whatever
it pleased the cook to provide, short too of clean linen and almost of
clothes. Madame Charbonnel was obliged to dress her hair with a broken
comb. Sometimes they sat down on their little valise and wept from very
weariness and indignation.

'And the hotel is frequented by such queer characters!' complained M.
Charbonnel, with a shocked expression. 'A young man has the room next
to ours, and the things we hear----'

But Rougon was folding up the letter. 'My mother,' said he, 'gives you
excellent advice in telling you to be patient. I can only suggest to
you to take fresh courage. You seem, to me, to have a good case, but
now that I have resigned I dare not promise you anything.'

'Then we will leave Paris to-morrow!' cried Madame Charbonnel, in an
outburst of despair.

As soon as this cry had escaped her lips, she turned very pale and her
husband had to support her. For a moment they both remained speechless,
looking at each other with trembling lips and feeling a great desire
to burst into tears. They felt faint and dazed as though they had just
seen the five hundred thousand francs dashed out of their hands.

'You have had to deal with a powerful opponent,' Rougon continued
kindly. 'Monseigneur Rochart, the Bishop of Faverolles, has himself
come to Paris to support the claim of the Sisters of the Holy Family.
If it had not been for his intervention, you would long ago have gained
your cause. Unfortunately the clergy are now very powerful. However, I
am leaving friends here behind me, and I hope to bring some influence
to bear in your favour, while I myself keep in the background. You have
waited so long that if you go away to-morrow----'

'We will remain, we will remain!' Madame Charbonnel hastily gasped.
'Ah, Monsieur Rougon, this inheritance will have cost us very dear!'

Rougon now hastened back to his papers. He cast a glance of
satisfaction round the room, delighted that there was no one else to
take him off into one of the window-recesses. They had all had their
say. And so for a few minutes he made great progress with his task.
Then he waxed bitterly jocose and avenged himself on his visitors for
the bother they had caused him by attacking them with biting satire.
For a quarter of an hour he proved a perfect scourge to those friends
of his to whose various stories he had just listened so obligingly. His
language and manner to pretty Madame Bouchard became indeed so harsh
and cutting that the young woman's eyes filled with tears, though she
still continued to smile. All the others laughed, accustomed as they
were to Rougon's rough ways. They knew that their prospects were never
better than when he was belabouring them in this fashion.

However, all at once, there was a gentle knock at the door. 'No, no!'
cried Rougon to Delestang, who was going to see who was there; 'don't
open it! Am I never to be left in peace? My head is splitting already.'
Then, as the knocking continued with greater energy, he growled between
his teeth: 'Ah, if I were going to stay here, I would send Merle about
his business!'

The knocking ceased, but suddenly a little door in a corner of the room
was thrown back and gave entrance to a huge blue silk skirt, which
came in backwards. This skirt, which was very bright and profusely
ornamented with bows of ribbon, remained stationary for a moment,
half inside the room and half outside, without anything further being
visible. However, a soft female voice was heard speaking.

'Monsieur Rougon!' exclaimed the lady, at last showing her face.

It was Madame Correur, wearing a bonnet with a cluster of roses on it.
Rougon, who had stepped angrily towards the door, with fists clenched,
now bowed and grasped the new-comer's hand.

'I was asking Merle how he liked being here,' she said, casting a
tender glance at the big lanky usher, who stood smiling in front of
her. 'And you, Monsieur Rougon, are you satisfied with him?'

'Oh, yes, certainly,' replied Rougon pleasantly.

Merle's face still retained its sanctimonious smile, and he kept his
eyes fixed upon Madame Correur's plump neck. The latter braced herself
up to her full height and then brought her curls over her forehead.

'I am glad to hear that, my man,' she continued. 'When I get any one a
place, I am anxious that all parties should be satisfied. If you ever
want any advice, Merle, you can come and see me any morning, you know,
between eight and nine. Mind you keep steady, now.'

Then she came inside the room, and said to Rougon: 'There are no
servants so good as those old soldiers.'

And afterwards she took hold of him and made him cross the room,
leading him with short steps to the window at the other end. There
she scolded him for not having admitted her. If Merle had not allowed
her to come in by the little door, she would still have been waiting
outside. And it was absolutely necessary that she should see him, she
said, for he really could not take himself off in that way without
letting her know how her petitions were progressing. Forthwith she drew
from her pocket a little memorandum-book, very richly ornamented and
bound in rose-coloured watered silk.

'I did not see the _Moniteur_ till after _déjeuner_,' she continued;
'and then I took a cab at once. Tell me, now, how is the matter of
Madame Leturc, the captain's widow, who wants a tobacco shop, getting
on? I promised her that she should have a definite answer next week.
There's also the case of Herminie Billecoq, you remember, who used to
be a pupil of Saint Denis. Her seducer, an officer, has consented to
marry her if any charitable soul will give her the regulation dowry. We
thought about applying to the Empress. Then there are all those ladies,
Madame Chardon, Madame Testanière, and Madame Jalaguier, who have been
waiting for months.'

Rougon quietly gave her the replies she sought, explained the various
causes of the delays that had occurred, and entered into minute
details. However, he gave her to understand that she must not reckon
so much upon him in the future as she had done in the past. This threw
her into great distress. It made her so happy, she said, to be able
to be of service to any one. What would become of her with all those
ladies? Then she spoke of her own affairs, with which Rougon was fully
acquainted. She again reminded him that she was a Martineau, one of the
Martineaus of Coulonges, a good family of La Vendée, in which fathers
and sons had been notaries without a break over seven successive
generations. She never clearly explained how she came to bear the name
of Correur. When she was twenty-four years old she had eloped with a
young journeyman butcher, and for six months her father had suffered
the greatest distress from this disgraceful scandal, about which the
neighbourhood still gossiped. Ever since then she had been living in
Paris, utterly ignored by her family. She had written fully a dozen
times to her brother, who was now at the head of the family practice,
but had failed to get any reply from him. His silence, she said,
was due to her sister-in-law, a woman who 'carried on with priests,
and led that imbecile brother of hers by the nose.' One of her most
cherished ambitions, as in Du Poizat's case, was to return to her own
neighbourhood as a well-to-do and honoured woman.

'I wrote again a week ago,' she said; 'but I have no doubt she throws
my letters into the fire. However, if my brother should die, she would
be obliged to let me go to the house, for they have no child, and I
should have interests to look after. My brother is fifteen years older
than I am, and I hear that he suffers from gout.' Then she suddenly
changed her tone, and continued: 'However, don't let us bother about
that now. It's for you that we must use all our energies at present,
Eugène. We will do our best, you shall see. It is necessary that you
should be everything in order that we may be something. You remember
'51, don't you, eh?'

Rougon smiled, and as Madame Correur pressed his hands with a maternal
air, he bent down and whispered into her ear: 'If you see Gilquin, tell
him to be prudent. Only the other week, when he got himself locked up,
he took it into his head to give my name, so that I might bail him out.'

Madame Correur promised to speak to Gilquin, one of her tenants at
the time when Rougon had lodged at the Hôtel Vanneau, and withal a
very useful fellow on certain occasions, though apt to be extremely
compromising. 'I have a cab below, and so now I'll be off,' she said
aloud with a smile as she stepped into the middle of the room.

Nevertheless, she lingered for a few minutes longer, hoping that the
others would take their departure at the same time. In her desire to
effect this, she offered to take one of them with her in her cab. The
colonel accepted the offer, and it was settled that young Auguste
should sit beside the driver. Then general hand-shaking began. Rougon
took up a position by the door, which was thrown wide open; and as his
visitors passed out, each gave him a parting assurance of sympathy.
M. Kahn, Du Poizat, and the colonel stretched out their necks and
whispered a few words in his ear, begging him not to forget them.
However, when the Charbonnels had already reached the first step of
the staircase, and Madame Correur was chatting with Merle at the far
end of the ante-room, Madame Bouchard, for whom her husband and M.
d'Escorailles waited a few paces away, still lingered smilingly before
Rougon, asking him at what time she could see him privately in the Rue
Marbeuf, because she felt too stupid, said she, when he had visitors
with him. At this the colonel, hearing her, suddenly darted back into
the room, and then the others followed, there being a general return.

'We will all come to see you,' the colonel cried.

'You mustn't hide yourself away from every one,' added several voices.
But M. Kahn waved his hand to obtain silence. And then he made that
famous remark of his: 'You don't belong to yourself; you belong to your
friends, and to France.'

At last they all went away, and Rougon was able to close the door. He
heaved a great sigh of relief. Delestang, whom he had quite forgotten,
now made his appearance from behind the heap of pasteboard boxes, in
the shelter of which he had just finished classifying different papers,
like a conscientious friend. He was feeling a little proud of his
work. He had been acting, while the others had merely been talking;
so it was with genuine satisfaction that he received the great man's
thanks. It was only he, so the latter said, who could have rendered
him this service; he had an orderly mind, and a methodical manner of
working which would carry him far. And Rougon made other flattering
observations, without it being possible for one to know whether he was
really in earnest or only jesting. Then, turning round, and glancing
into the different corners, he said: 'There, I think we've finished
everything now, thanks to you. There's nothing more to be done, except
to tell Merle to have these packets carried to my house.'

He called the usher, and pointed out his private papers. And in
reply to all his instructions the usher repeated: 'Yes, Monsieur le

'Don't call me President any more, you stupid,' Rougon at last
exclaimed in irritation; 'I'm one no longer.'

Merle bowed, and took a step towards the door. Then he stopped and
seemed to hesitate. Finally he came back and said: 'There's a lady on
horseback down below who wants to see you, sir. She laughed, and said
she would come up, horse and all, if the staircase were wide enough.
She declared that she only wanted to shake hands with you, sir.'

Rougon clenched his fists, thinking this to be some joke; but
Delestang, who had gone to look out of the window on the landing,
hastened back, exclaiming, with an expression of emotion: 'Mademoiselle

Then Rougon said that he would go downstairs; and as he and Delestang
took their hats, he looked at his friend, and with a frown and a
suspicious air, prompted by the latter's emotion, exclaimed: 'Beware of

When he reached the door, he gave a last glance round the room. The
full light of day was streaming through the three open windows,
illumining the open pasteboard boxes, the scattered drawers and the
packets of papers, tied up and heaped together in the middle of the
carpet. The apartment looked very spacious and very mournful. In the
grate only a small heap of black ashes was now left of all the handfuls
of burnt papers. And as Rougon closed the door behind him, the taper,
which had been forgotten on the edge of the writing-table, burnt out,
splitting the cut-glass socket of the candlestick to pieces amid the
silence of the empty room.



Rougon occasionally went to Countess Balbi's for a few minutes towards
four in the afternoon. He walked there in a neighbourly way, for she
lived in a small house overlooking the avenue of the Champs Élysées,
only a few yards from the Rue Marbeuf. She was seldom at home, and
when by chance she did happen to be there she was in bed, and had to
send excuses for not making her appearance. This, however, did not
prevent the staircase of the little house from being crowded with
noisy visitors, or the drawing-room doors from being perpetually on
the swing. Her daughter Clorinde was wont to receive her friends in
a gallery, something like an artist's studio, with large windows
overlooking the avenue.

For nearly three months Rougon, with his blunt distaste for female
wiles, had responded very coldly to the advances of these ladies, who
had managed to get introduced to him at a ball given by the Minister
for Foreign Affairs. He met them everywhere, both of them smiling with
the same winning smile--the mother always silent, while the daughter
always chattered and looked him straight in the face. However, he
still went on avoiding them, lowering his eyes so as not to see
them, and refusing the invitations which they sent him. Then as they
continued to press him hard and pursued him even to his own house, past
which Clorinde used to ride ostentatiously, he made inquiries before at
last venturing to call on them.

At the Sardinian Legation the ladies were spoken of in very favourable
terms. There had been a real Count Balbi, it appeared; the Countess
still kept up relations with persons of high position at Turin, and the
daughter, during the preceding year, had been on the point of marrying
a petty German prince. But at the Duchess of Sanquirino's, where Rougon
made his next inquiries, he heard a different story. There he was
told that Clorinde had been born two years after the Count's death,
and a very complicated history of the Balbis was retailed to him. The
husband and wife had led most adventurous and dissolute lives; they had
been divorced in France, but had afterwards become reconciled to each
other in Italy, their subsequent cohabitation being an illicit one, in
consequence of their previous divorce.

A young attaché, who was thoroughly acquainted with what went on at
the court of King Victor Emmanuel, was still more explicit. According
to him, whatever influence the Countess still retained in Italy was
due to an old connection with a very highly placed personage there,
and he hinted that she would not have left Turin had it not been for a
terrible scandal into the details of which he would not enter. Rougon,
whose interest in the matter was increasing with the extent of his
inquiries, now went to the police authorities, but they could give him
no precise information. Their entries relating to the two foreigners
simply described them as women who kept up a great show without any
proof that they were really in possession of a substantial fortune.
They asserted that they had property in Piedmont; but, as a matter of
fact, there were sudden breaks in their life of luxury, during which
they abruptly disappeared, only to reappear shortly afterwards in
fresh splendour. Briefly, all that the police could say was that they
really knew nothing about them and would prefer to know nothing. At
the same time, it was certain that the women associated with the best
society, and that their house was looked upon as neutral ground, where
Clorinde's eccentricities were tolerated and excused on account of her
being a foreigner. And so Rougon at last made up his mind to see the

By the time he had paid his third visit, the great man's curiosity
with respect to them had still further increased. He was of a cold
dispassionate nature which was not easily stirred into life. What
first attracted him in Clorinde was the mystery surrounding her, the
story of a past-away life and the yearning for a new existence which
he could read in the depths of her big goddess-like eyes. He had heard
disgraceful scandal about her--an early love-affair with a coachman,
and a subsequent connection with a banker who had presented her with
the little house in the Champs Élysées. However, every now and then she
seemed to him so child-like that he doubted the truth of what he had
been told, and again and again essayed to find out the secret of this
strange girl, who became to him a living enigma, the solution of which
interested him as much as some intricate political problem. Until then
he had felt a scornful disdain for women, and the first one who excited
his interest was certainly as singular and complicated a being as could
be imagined.

Upon the morrow of the day when Clorinde had gone on her hired horse
to give Rougon a sympathetic shake of the hand at the door of the
Council of State, Rougon himself went to pay her a visit. She had made
him give a solemn promise to do so. She wanted, she said, to show him
something which would brighten his gloomy moods. He laughingly called
her his 'pet vice'; forgot his worries when he was with her, and felt
cheerful and amused. The more so as she kept his mind on the alert, for
he was still seeking the key to her history, and was as yet no nearer
a solution than on the first day. As he turned the corner of the Rue
Marbeuf, he glanced at the house in the Rue du Colisée tenanted by
Delestang, whom he fancied he had several times seen peering through
the half open shutters of his study at Clorinde's window across the
avenue; but to-day the shutters were closed. Delestang had probably
gone off to his model-farm at La Chamade.

The door of the Balbis' house was always wide open. At the foot of the
staircase Rougon met a little dark-complexioned woman, with untidy hair
and a tattered yellow dress. She was biting at an orange as though it
were an apple.

'Is your mistress at home, Antonia?' he asked her.

Her mouth was too full to allow her to reply, so she nodded her head
energetically and smiled. Her lips were streaming with orange juice,
and her little eyes, as she screwed them up, looked like drops of ink
upon her dark skin.

Rougon was already accustomed to the irregular ways of the Balbis'
servants, so without more ado he went up the stairs. On his way he met
a big lanky man-servant, with a face like a brigand's and a long black
beard, who coolly stared at him without giving him the balustrade-side.
When he reached the first floor, he found himself confronted by three
open doors, but saw no one about. The door on his left hand was that
of Clorinde's bedroom. Curiosity prompted him to peep inside. Although
it was four o'clock in the afternoon, the bed had not been made or
the room tidied. Upon a screen standing in front of the bed and half
concealing the tumbled coverlets, some splashed petticoats which
the girl had worn on the previous day had been hung to dry, while a
wash-basin, full of soapy water, stood on the floor in front of the
window, and the cat of the house, a grey one, slept, comfortably
curled, in the midst of a heap of garments.

It was, however, upon the second floor that Clorinde was generally
to be found, in the gallery which she had successively turned into a
studio, a smoking-room, a hot-house, and a summer drawing-room. As
Rougon ascended upwards he heard a growing uproar of voices, shrill
laughter and a noise as of furniture being overturned; and when he
reached the door he could distinguish the notes of a consumptive piano
and sounds of singing. He knocked at the door twice without receiving
any answer, and then determined to enter.

'Ah! bravo, bravo, here he is!' cried Clorinde, clapping her hands.

Rougon, whom it was generally so difficult to put out of countenance,
for a moment remained timidly on the threshold. Chevalier Rusconi, the
Sardinian Minister, a handsome dark-complexioned man, who, under other
circumstances, was a grave diplomatist, sat in front of the piano, the
keys of which he was striking furiously so as to extract a fuller sound
from the instrument. In the middle of the room deputy La Rouquette was
waltzing with a chair, the back of which he amorously encircled with
his arms, and he was so absorbed in his amusement that he had littered
the carpet with other chairs which he had overturned. Then, in the
bright light of one of the window-recesses, Clorinde stood upon the
centre of a table, posing, with perfect unconcern, as the huntress
Diana, in front of a young man who was sketching her with charcoal upon
white canvas. Finally, on a couch, three serious-looking men with their
legs crossed were silently smoking big cigars and looking at Clorinde.

'Wait a moment! don't move!' cried Chevalier Rusconi to Clorinde, who
was about to jump off the table. 'I am going to make the presentations.'

Then, followed by Rougon, he said playfully, as he went past M. La
Rouquette, who had dropped breathless into an easy chair: 'Monsieur
La Rouquette whom you know; a future minister.' And going up to the
artist, he continued: 'Signor Luigi Pozzo, my secretary; diplomatist,
painter, musician, and lover.'

He had overlooked the three men on the couch, but catching sight of
them as he turned round, he dropped his playful tones, bowed towards
them and said in a ceremonious voice: 'Signor Brambilla, Signor
Staderino, Signor Viscardi, all three political refugees.'

The three Venetians bowed without removing their cigars from their
lips. Chevalier Rusconi was returning to the piano when Clorinde
briskly called him back and reproached him with being a very careless
master of the ceremonies. Then, motioning towards Rougon, she just
said, though in a very significant and flattering tone: 'Monsieur
Eugène Rougon.'

Every one bowed again; and Rougon, who for a moment had been rather
afraid of some compromising pleasantry, felt surprised at the
unexpected tact and dignity shown by this girl, so scantily clad in
gauze. He took a seat and inquired after the Contessa Balbi, as was
his custom. He even pretended every time he came that his visit was
intended for the mother, as this seemed more consonant with strict

'I should have been very glad to have paid my respects to her,'
he said, using the formula which he always employed under the

'But mother is there!' exclaimed Clorinde, pointing to a corner of the
room with her bow of gilded wood.

The Countess was indeed there, reclining in a deep easy chair behind a
variety of other furniture. This discovery came quite as a surprise.
The three political refugees had evidently been unaware of her
presence, for they at once rose from their couch and bowed. Rougon went
up and shook hands with her, standing while she, still lying back in
her chair, answered him in monosyllables with that perpetual smile of
hers which never left her, even when she was ill. Then she relapsed
into listless silence, glancing every now and then into the avenue
along which a stream of carriages was passing. She had probably taken
up her position there in order to watch the people. And so Rougon soon
left her.

Chevalier Rusconi, having again taken his seat at the piano, was trying
to recall a tune, gently striking the keys and humming some Italian
words in a low voice. La Rouquette, meantime, was fanning himself with
his handkerchief; Clorinde was again seriously impersonating Diana,
and Rougon, in the sudden calm which had come upon the room, took
short steps up and down while looking at the walls. The gallery was
crowded with an extraordinary collection of articles; a secrétaire, a
chest, and several chairs and tables, all pushed into the middle of the
apartment and forming a labyrinth of narrow passages. At one end of
the room some hot-house plants, crowded together and neglected, were
drooping and dying, their long, pendent leaves already turning yellow;
and at the other end there was a great heap of dried sculptor's clay,
in which one could still recognise the crumbling arms and legs of a
statue which Clorinde had roughly moulded one day when seized with the
whim of becoming an artist. Although the gallery was very large, there
was only one unencumbered spot in it, a patch in front of one of the
windows, a small square, which had been turned into a kind of little
drawing-room, furnished with a couch and three odd easy chairs.

'You are at liberty to smoke,' said Clorinde to Rougon. He thanked
her, but told her that he never smoked. Then, without turning round,
the girl cried out: 'Chevalier, make me a cigarette. The tobacco is in
front of you, on the piano.'

While the Chevalier was making the cigarette there was another interval
of silence. Rougon, vexed at finding all these people present, felt
inclined to take up his hat; however, he turned round and walked up to
Clorinde; then raising his head, he said with a smile: 'Didn't you ask
me to call because you had something to show me?'

She did not immediately reply, but maintained her serious pose; so he
continued: 'What is it that you want to show me?'

'Myself,' she answered.

She spoke this word in a majestic tone, not moving a limb as she stood
there on the table in her goddess-like posture. Rougon, in his turn
becoming grave, took a step backward and scrutinised her. She was truly
a superb creature, with her pure perfect profile, her slender neck,
and admirable classic figure. She rested one hand upon her bow, and
preserved all the antique huntress's expression of serene strength,
regardless of the scantiness of her attire, contemptuous of the love of
man, at once cold, haughty, and immortal.

'Charming, charming!' exclaimed Rougon, not knowing what else to say.

As a matter of fact he found her statuesque immobility rather
disturbing. She looked so triumphant, so convinced of her classical
beauty, that, if he had dared to express his thoughts, he would have
criticised her like some marble statue, certain details of which
displeased his unæsthetic eyes.

'Have you looked enough?' asked Clorinde, still serious and earnest.
'Wait a moment and you shall see something else.'

Then, of a sudden, she was no longer Diana. She dropped her bow and
assumed another, and more syren-like posture. Her hands were thrown
behind her head and clasped together in her hair; her bust bent
slightly backwards, and, as she half-opened her lips and smiled, a
stream of sunshine lighted up her face. And standing thus she looked
like the very goddess of love.

Signor Brambilla, Signor Staderino, and Signor Viscardi broke
into applause in all seriousness, never casting off their gloomy
conspirator-like mien.

'Brava! brava! brava!'

On his side M. La Rouquette was quite frantic with enthusiasm, and
Chevalier Rusconi, who had stepped up to the table to hand the girl the
cigarette which he had made for her, remained transfixed there, gazing
at her with ecstatic eyes and slightly jogging his head as though
beating time to his admiration.

Rougon said nothing, but clasped his hands so tightly together that
their joints cracked. A subtle tremor had just sped through him. He
no longer thought of going away, but dropped into a chair. Clorinde
had already resumed her easy, natural pose, and was laughing and
smoking her cigarette with a proud twist of her lips. It would have
delighted her, said she, to be an actress. She could personate anger,
tenderness, modesty, fright, and with a turn of her features or an
attitude hit off all sorts of different people.

'Monsieur Rougon,' she asked abruptly, 'would you like to see me
imitate you when you are addressing the Chamber?' And thereupon she
drew herself up to her full height, puffed herself out and thrust her
fists in front of her with such droll, yet truthful, mimicry, that they
all nearly killed themselves with laughing. Rougon roared like a boy.
He found Clorinde adorable, indeed exquisite, but also very disturbing.

'Clorinde, Clorinde!' cried Luigi, gently tapping his easel.

She was moving about so restlessly that he was obliged to desist from
his work. He had now laid his charcoal aside and was putting colour
on the canvas with an earnest air. He himself remained quite serious
amidst all the laughter, raising his glistening eyes to the young girl
and then glancing fiercely at the men with whom she was joking. It was
his own idea to paint her in the character of Diana, in a costume which
had been the talk of all Paris ever since the ball at the embassy. He
claimed to be her cousin, as they had both been born in the same street
in Florence.

'Clorinde!' he repeated almost angrily.

'Luigi is right,' she then exclaimed, 'you are not behaving properly,
gentlemen. What a noise you are making! Come, let us get on with our

Then she once more assumed her Olympian attitude, again presenting
the semblance of a beautiful marble image. The men remained where
they were, keeping perfectly still, as though rooted to the floor. La
Rouquette alone ventured to beat a gentle tattoo with his finger-tips
on the arms of his chair. Rougon, for his part, sat back and gazed
at Clorinde, and gradually fell into a dreamy state in which the
girl seemed to him to expand into gigantic proportions. A woman was
certainly a wonderful piece of mechanism, he reflected. It was a matter
that he had never before thought of studying; but now he began to have
vague mental glimpses of extraordinary intricacies. For a moment he
was filled with a distinct consciousness of the power of those bare
shoulders, which seemed strong enough to shake a world. All swam before
him, and Clorinde's figure seemed to grow larger and larger till it
appeared gigantic, and entirely hid the window from his sight. But he
blinked his eyes sharply, and then he again saw her clearly, standing
upon the table and much smaller than himself. At this his face broke
into a smile, and he felt surprised that he could have entertained a
moment's fear of her.

At the other end of the gallery some talk was now going on in low
tones. Rougon listened from force of habit, but could only distinguish
a rapid murmur of Italian syllables. Chevalier Rusconi, who had
just glided behind his chair, had laid one hand on the back of the
Countess's seat, and, bending over her respectfully, seemed to be
telling her some long story. The Countess said nothing, but nodded
every now and again. Once, however, she made an energetic gesture of
negation, whereupon the Chevalier bent still closer and tranquillised
her with his melodious voice, the murmur of which was like the warbling
of a song-bird. At last Rougon, through his knowledge of the dialect of
Provence, caught a few words which made him grave.

'Mother,' Clorinde cried abruptly, 'have you shown the Chevalier the
telegram you received last night?'

'A telegram!' exclaimed the Chevalier in a loud tone.

The Countess drew a bundle of letters from her pocket and began to
search amongst them. Then she handed the Chevalier a much crumpled
strip of blue paper.

As soon as he had glanced over it he made a gesture of anger and
astonishment. 'What!' he cried in French, forgetting the presence
of the others, 'you knew this yesterday! And I only learnt it this

Clorinde indulged in a fresh burst of laughter, which increased his

'And Madame la Comtesse allows me to tell her the whole story, as
though she knew nothing about it!' he continued. 'Well, as the
head-quarters of the legation seem to be here, I shall call every day
to see the correspondence.'

The Countess smiled. She again searched in her bundle of letters and
took out a second paper which she gave the Chevalier to read. This
time he seemed much pleased. Then they renewed their conversation in
whispers, the Chevalier's face once more wearing a respectful smile.
Before he left the Countess, he kissed her hand.

'There! we've done with business,' he said in a low voice as he took
his seat at the piano again.

Then he rattled off a vulgar air which was very popular in Paris that
year. But having ascertained what time it was, he suddenly sprang up to
get his hat.

'Are you going?' asked Clorinde. Then she beckoned him to her, and
leaning on his shoulder whispered something into his ear. He nodded and
smiled; and finally said: 'Capital, capital. I will write and mention

At last he bowed to the company and retired. Luigi tapped Clorinde, who
was squatting on the table, with his maul-stick, in order to make her
stand up again. The Countess appeared to have grown tired of watching
the stream of carriages in the avenue, for she pulled the bell-rope
that hung behind her as soon as she lost sight of the Chevalier's
brougham, which quickly disappeared among the crowd of landaus
coming back from the Bois. It was the big lanky man-servant with the
brigand's face who answered her summons, leaving the door wide open
behind him. Leaning heavily on his arm, she slowly crossed the room,
the men standing up and bowing as she passed. She acknowledged their
salutations with a smiling nod. When she reached the door, she turned
and said to Clorinde: 'I have got my headache again; I'm going to lie
down a little.'

'Flaminio,' called the young girl to the servant who was assisting her
mother, 'put a hot iron at her feet.'

The three political refugees did not sit down again. For a few moments
they remained standing in a row, finishing their cigars, the stumps of
which they then threw, each with the same precise gesture, behind the
heap of dry clay. And afterwards they filed past Clorinde, going off in

M. La Rouquette had just commenced a serious conversation with Rougon.
'Yes, indeed,' he remarked, 'I know very well that this question of
sugars is one of the greatest importance. It affects a whole branch of
French commerce. But unfortunately nobody in the Chamber seems to have
thoroughly studied the subject.'

Rougon, whom he bored, only answered with a nod. However, the young
deputy drew closer to him, an expression of sudden gravity coming over
his girlish face as he continued: 'I myself have an uncle in the sugar
trade. He has one of the largest refining-houses at Marseilles. I went
to stay with him for three months, and I took notes, very copious
notes. I talked to the workmen and made myself conversant with the
whole subject. I intended, you understand, to make a speech in the
Chamber on the matter.'

In this wise he tried to show off before Rougon, giving himself a deal
of trouble in order to talk to him on the only subjects which he
thought would interest him; and, at the same time, being anxious to
pass for a sound politician.

'And didn't you make a speech?' interposed Clorinde, who seemed to be
growing impatient of M. La Rouquette's presence.

'No, I didn't,' he replied; 'I thought I'd better not. At the last
moment I felt afraid that my figures might not be quite correct.'

Rougon eyed him keenly and then gravely asked him: 'Do you know how
many pieces of sugar are consumed every day at the Café Anglais?'

For a moment La Rouquette seemed quite confused and stared at the other
with a blank expression. Then he broke into a peal of laughter. 'Ah!
very good! very good!' he cried. 'I understand now. You are chaffing
me. But that's a question of sugar. What I was speaking about was a
question of sugars. Very good that, eh? You'll let me repeat the joke,
won't you?'

He wriggled on his chair with much self-satisfaction. The rosy hue
came back to his cheeks and he seemed quite at his ease again, once
more talking in his natural light manner. Clorinde attacked him on the
subject of women. She had seen him, she said, two nights previously at
the Variétés with a little fair person who was very plain and had hair
like a poodle's. At first the young man denied the accusation; but,
irritated by Clorinde's cruel remarks about the 'little poodle,' he
at last forgot himself and began to defend her, saying that she was a
highly respectable lady and not nearly so bad looking as Clorinde tried
to make out. The girl, however, grew quite scathing, and finally M. La
Rouquette cried out: 'She's expecting me now, and I must be off.'

As soon as he had closed the door behind him, Clorinde clapped her
hands triumphantly, and exclaimed: 'There, he's gone at last. Good
riddance to him.'

Then she jumped lightly from the table, ran up to Rougon, and gave
him both her hands. Assuming her most winning look, she expressed her
regret that he had not found her alone. What a lot of trouble she had
had to get all those people to go! Some people couldn't understand
anything! What a goose La Rouquette was with his sugars! Now, however,
there was no one to disturb them, and they could talk. She had led
Rougon to a couch as she was speaking, and he had sat down without
releasing her hands, when Luigi began to tap his easel with his
maul-stick, exclaiming in a tone of irritation: 'Clorinde! Clorinde!'

'Oh yes, of course, the portrait,' she cried, with a laugh.

Then she made her escape from Rougon, and bent down behind the artist
with a soft caressing expression. How pretty his work looked, she
cried. It was very good indeed; but, really, she felt rather tired
and would much like a quarter of an hour's rest. He could go on with
the dress in the meantime. There was no occasion for her to pose for
the dress. Luigi, however, cast fiery glances at Rougon, and muttered
disagreeable words. Thereupon Clorinde hastily said something to him
in Italian, knitting her brows the while, though still continuing to
smile. This reduced Luigi to silence, and he began to pass his brush
over the canvas again.

'It's quite true what I say,' declared the girl as she came back and
sat down beside Rougon; 'my left leg is quite numb.'

Then she slapped herself to make the blood circulate, she explained;
and she was bending towards Rougon, her bare shoulder touching his
coat, when she suddenly looked at herself and blushed deeply. And
forthwith she sprang up and fetched a piece of black lace which she
wrapped around her.

'I feel chilly,' she said, when she had wheeled an easy chair in front
of Rougon and sat down in it.

Nothing but her bare wrists now peeped out from beneath her lace
wrapper, which she had knotted round her neck. Her bust was completely
concealed in its folds, and her face had turned pale and grave.

'Well, what is it that has happened to you?' she exclaimed. 'Tell me
all about it.'

Then she questioned him about his fall from office with daughterly
curiosity. She was a foreigner, she told him, and she made him again
and again repeat certain details which she said she did not understand.
She also kept on interrupting him with Italian ejaculations, and he
could read in her dark eyes the interest she took in what he was
telling her. Why had he quarrelled with the Emperor? How could he
have brought himself to give up such a lofty position? Who were his
enemies, that he should have allowed himself to be worsted in that
way? And as he hesitated, unwilling to make the confessions which she
tried to extort from him, she looked at him with an expression of
such affectionate candour, that at last he threw off all reserve and
told her the whole story from beginning to end. She soon seemed to
have learnt all that she wanted to know, and then began to ask him
questions quite unconnected with the matter which had first engaged her
attention, questions so singular that Rougon was altogether surprised.
But at last she clasped her hands and lapsed into silence. Closing her
eyes she seemed buried in deep thought.

'Well?' said Rougon, with a smile.

'Oh, nothing,' she murmured, 'but this has made me quite sad.'

Rougon was touched, and tried to take hold of her hands again, but she
hid them away in her lace wrapper, and they both sat there in silence
for a minute or two, when she opened her eyes again and said: 'You have
formed some plans, I suppose?'

Rougon looked at her keenly, with a touch of suspicion. But she seemed
so adorable as she languidly reclined in that easy chair, as though the
troubles of her 'dear friend' had broken her down, that he dismissed
the chilling thought. Moreover, she plied him with flattery. She was
sure, said she, that he would not long be allowed to remain aloof, but
would be master again some day. She was confident that he had high
ambitions and trusted hopefully in his star, for she could plainly read
as much on his brow. Why wouldn't he take her for his confidante? She
was very discreet, and it would make her so happy to share his hopes
for the future. Rougon, quite infatuated by all this, and still trying
to grasp the little hands hidden away beneath the lace, thereupon kept
nothing back, but confessed everything to the girl, his hopes as well
as his certainties. He required no further urging from her, and she
had only to let him talk on, refraining even from a gesture for fear
of checking him. She kept her eyes upon him, examining him searchingly
limb by limb, fathoming his skull, weighing his shoulders and measuring
his chest. He was certainly a solid, well-built man, who, with a turn
of his wrist, could have tossed her, strong as she was, on to his back
and have carried her without the least difficulty to whatever height
she might have desired.

'Ah! my dear friend,' she exclaimed abruptly, 'it is not I who have
ever felt any doubts.'

Then she sprang from her seat, and, spreading out her arms, let the
lace wrapper slip off. A momentary all-alluring vision, a sort of
promise and reward, appeared to Rougon. 'Ah!' she cried, 'my lace has
fallen,' and quickly picking it up again, she knotted it round her more
tightly than before.

'Oh!' she next exclaimed, 'there's Luigi growling.'

Then she hastened back to the artist, bent over him a second time and
rapidly whispered to him. Rougon, now that she was no longer by his
side, roughly rubbed his hands together, feeling almost angry. That
girl had exercised a most extraordinary influence over him and he
resented it. If he had been a lad of twenty he could not have acted
more foolishly. She had wheedled him into a confession as though he
had been a mere child; whereas he, for the last two months, had been
doing his best to make her speak, but had only succeeded in extracting
peals of laughter from her. She, however, had merely had to deny him
her little hands for a moment, and he had foolishly forgotten all his
prudence and told her everything in order to gain possession of them.

Nevertheless, Rougon smiled a smile of conscious strength. He could
break her, he told himself, whenever he liked. Wasn't it she herself
who was challenging him? He certainly could not go on playing the part
of an imbecile with this girl who so freely showed him her shoulders.
He was by no means sure that the lace wrapper had slipped off without
her assistance.

'Would you say that my eyes were grey?' Clorinde now asked him,
stepping towards him again.

He rose and looked at her quite closely, but she bore his inspection
without even her eyelids quivering. However, when he stretched forth
his hands, she gave him a tap. There was no occasion to touch her. She
had become very cold, now. She wrapped herself yet more closely in her
strip of lace, and her modesty seemed to take alarm at the least hole
in it. In vain did Rougon joke and jest. She only covered herself the
more, and even refused to sit down again.

'I prefer walking about a little,' she said; 'it stretches my legs.'

Then Rougon followed her and they paced the room together. He tried,
in his turn, to extract a confession from her. As a rule, she could
not be got to answer questions. Her conversation usually consisted of
sudden starts and jumps, interspersed with ejaculations and snatches of
stories which she never finished. When Rougon adroitly questioned her
concerning the fortnight of the previous month which she and her mother
had spent away from Paris, she started on an interminable string of
anecdotes about her journeyings. She had been everywhere, to England,
Spain, and Germany; and she had seen everything. Then she vented a
series of trifling remarks upon food, and the fashions and the weather.
Now and then she began some story, in which she herself figured with
sundry well-known persons, whom she named; and, thereupon, Rougon
listened attentively, hoping that she was at last going to make some
real revelation; but she either turned the story off into some childish
nonsense or stopped short and left it unfinished altogether. That day,
as previously, he learnt absolutely nothing. Her face retained its
impenetrable smile, and she remained full of secretive reserve amidst
all her boisterous freedom. Rougon, quite confused by the different
extraordinary stories he had heard of her, each of which gave the lie
to the other, was utterly unable to determine whether he had before
him a mere girl whose innocence extended even to foolishness, or a
keen-witted woman who cunningly affected simplicity.

She was telling him of an adventure that had happened to her in a
little town in Spain, and of the gallantry of a traveller who had given
up his room to her, when she suddenly broke off and exclaimed: 'You
mustn't go back to the Tuileries. Make yourself missed.'

'Thank you, Mademoiselle Machiavelli,' he replied, with a laugh.

She laughed louder than he did, but none the less she went on giving
him excellent advice. However, as he still sportively tried to pinch
her arms, she seemed to grow vexed and declared that it was impossible
to talk to him seriously for a couple of minutes together. Ah! if she
were a man, she said, she would know how to mount high. But men were so
light-headed. 'Come now and tell me about your friends,' she continued,
seating herself on the edge of the table, while Rougon remained
standing in front of her.

Just then, however, Luigi, who had kept his eyes on them, violently
closed his paint-box and exclaimed: 'I'm going!'

At this Clorinde ran up to him, and brought him back, after promising
to resume her pose. Probably, however, her only motive in asking him
to remain was that she felt afraid of being left alone with Rougon,
for when Luigi had assented to her request, she began to make further
excuses for the purpose of gaining time. 'Just let me get something to
eat,' she said; 'I am dreadfully hungry. Just a couple of mouthfuls.'
And then opening the door, she called out: 'Antonia! Antonia!'

She gave an order in Italian, and had just seated herself again on the
edge of the table when Antonia came into the room, holding on each of
her outspread hands, a slice of bread and butter. She held her hands
out to Clorinde as though they had been plates, breaking into a giggle
as she did so, a laugh which made her mouth look like a red gash across
her dusky face. Then she went off, wiping her hands on her skirt.
Clorinde, however, called her back and told her to get a glass of water.

'Will you have some?' she said to Rougon, 'I'm very fond of bread and
butter. Sometimes I put sugar on it; but it doesn't always do to be so

She was certainly not given to extravagance, and Rougon remembered that
he had found her one morning breakfasting off a fragment of cold omelet
which had been left over from the previous day. He rather suspected her
of avarice, which is an Italian vice.

'Three minutes, eh, Luigi?' she said, as she began her first slice
of bread and butter. Then turning once more to Rougon, who was still
standing in front of her, she exclaimed: 'Now there's Monsieur Kahn,
for instance: tell me about him. How did he get to be a deputy?'

Rougon yielded to this fresh request, hoping that he would somehow be
able to worm some information out of the girl. He knew that she was
very curious about everyone, ever on the alert to gather information
concerning the intrigues in the midst of which her life was passed.
She always seemed particularly anxious to know the origin of any great

'Oh!' he replied, with a laugh, 'Kahn was born a deputy. He cut his
teeth on the benches of the Chamber. As early as Louis Philippe's time
he sat in the Right centre and supported the constitutional monarchy
with youthful enthusiasm. After 1848 he went over to the Left centre,
still keeping very enthusiastic. He made a confession of republican
principles in magnificent style. Now, however, he has gone back to
the Right centre and is a passionate supporter of the Empire. As for
the rest, he's the son of a Jewish banker at Bordeaux. He has some
blast furnaces at Bressuire, has made a specialty of financial and
industrial questions, lives in a quiet way until he comes into the
large fortune which he will one day secure, and was promoted to the
rank of officer in the Legion of Honour on the fifteenth of last

Rougon hesitated for a moment and seemed to be thinking. 'No,' he
resumed, 'I don't think I have omitted anything. He has no children.'

'What! is he married?' exclaimed Clorinde, indicating by a gesture
that she took no further interest in M. Kahn. He was an impostor: he
had never let them know that he had a wife. Rougon thereupon explained
to her that Madame Kahn led a very retired life in Paris; and without
waiting to be questioned further, he continued: 'Would you like to hear
Béjuin's biography?'

'No, no,' replied the girl.

All the same, however, he went on with it. 'He comes from the
Polytechnical School. He has written pamphlets which nobody has read.
He is head of the Saint-Florent cut-glass works, about seven or eight
miles from Bourges. It was the prefect of the Cher who discovered

'Oh, give over!' cried Clorinde.

'He is a very worthy fellow, votes straight, never speaks, is very
patient and waits contentedly till you think of him, but he is always
on the spot to take care that you sha'n't forget him. I got him named

Thereupon Clorinde impatiently placed her hand over Rougon's mouth, and
exclaimed: 'Oh, he is married too! He isn't a bit interesting. I saw
his wife at your house. She's a perfect bundle! She invited me to visit
the works at Bourges.'

She now swallowed the last mouthful of her first slice of bread and
butter, and then gulped down some water. 'And Monsieur Du Poizat?' she
asked, after a pause.

'Du Poizat has been a sub-prefect,' was all that Rougon replied.

She glanced at him, surprised by the brevity of this account. 'I know
that,' she said. 'What else?'

'Well, by-and-bye he will be a prefect, and then he will be decorated.'

She saw that he did not want to say anything further about Du Poizat;
whose name, moreover, she herself had merely mentioned at random.
However, she now began to mention other men, counting their names on
her fingers. Touching her thumb, she began: 'Monsieur d'Escorailles;
he's flippant and in love with every woman--Monsieur La Rouquette; he's
no good, I know him only too well--Monsieur de Combelot; he's another
married man----'

Then, as she stopped short at the ring-finger, unable to think of
another name, Rougon, keeping his eyes on her, remarked: 'You are
forgetting Delestang.'

'So I am!' she exclaimed. 'Tell me about him!'

'He's a handsome fellow,' said Rougon, still watching her attentively.
'He is very rich, and I have always prophesied a great future for him.'

He went on in this strain, exaggerating his praises and doubling his
figures. The model-farm of La Chamade, said he, was worth a couple
of million francs. Delestang would certainly be a minister some day.
Clorinde, however, curled her lips disdainfully. 'He is a big booby,'
she said at last.

'What?' cried Rougon with a subtle smile. He seemed quite charmed by
her remark.

But with one of those sudden transitions which were habitual with her,
she asked him a fresh question, keenly scrutinising him in her turn:
'You must know Monsieur de Marsy very well?'

'Oh yes, we know each other,' he replied unconcernedly, amused that the
girl should have asked him such a question. Then he became serious,
and showed himself very dignified and impartial. 'Marsy is a man of
extraordinary intelligence,' he continued. 'I am honoured by having
such a man for my enemy. He has filled every position. At twenty-eight
years of age, he was a colonel. Later on, he was at the head of a
great business. And since then, he has successively occupied himself
with agriculture, finance and commerce. I hear, too, that he paints
portraits and writes novels.'

Clorinde had grown thoughtful, and was forgetting her bread and butter.
'I was talking to him the other day,' she said in a low tone. 'He's
perfect--a genuine queen's son.'

'In my estimation,' continued Rougon, 'it is his wit that spoils
him. My idea of ability is quite different. I have heard him making
puns under the gravest circumstances. Well, anyhow, he has been very
successful, and is as much the sovereign as the Emperor himself. All
these natural children[3] are lucky fellows. However, his greatest
characteristic is his grip of iron; he has firm and resolute hands,
though they are light and slender.'

Clorinde unconsciously let her eyes wander to Rougon's hands, so large
and powerful. He noticed it, and with a smile continued: 'Ah, mine are
mere paws, aren't they? That's why Marsy and I have never been able to
get on well together. He gallantly sabres his foes without soiling his
white gloves, while I knock mine down.'

Thereupon he clenched his heavy hairy fists and shook them, seemingly
proud of their enormous size. Clorinde took up her second slice of
bread and butter and dug her teeth into it, still absorbed in thought.
At length she raised her eyes to Rougon's face. 'And now about
yourself?' she asked.

'Ah, you want to hear my history, do you?' said he. 'Well, it's very
easily told. My grandfather sold vegetables. I myself, till I was
thirty-eight years of age, kicked up my heels as a country lawyer in
the depths of the provinces. Yesterday I was unknown, for I haven't,
like our friend Kahn, helped to back up every Government in turn, and
I haven't come, like Béjuin, from the Polytechnical School. I can't
boast of little Escorailles' fine name or poor Combelot's handsome
face. I haven't even as good family connections as La Rouquette, who
is indebted for his seat in the Chamber to his sister, the widow of
General de Llorentz and now a lady-in-waiting. My father did not leave
me five million francs gained in the wine trade, as Delestang's left
him. I wasn't born on the steps of a throne, like Count de Marsy was,
nor have I grown up tied to the apron-strings of a clever woman, under
the favour of Talleyrand. No, I'm a self-made man; I've only my own

Then he clapped his hands together, laughing loudly, and turning what
he had said into a joke. Finally he braced himself to his full height
and looked as though he were crushing stones with his clenched fists.
Clorinde gazed at him admiringly.

'I was nothing; I shall now be whatever I like,' he continued, as
though he were speaking to himself and had forgotten the presence of
others. 'I am a power. Those other fellows make me shrug my shoulders
when they prate of their devotion to the Empire! Do they really care
for it? Do they appreciate it? Wouldn't they conform to all kinds of
governments? For my own part, I have grown up with the Empire! I have
made it, and it has made me! I was named a Chevalier of the Legion
of Honour after the tenth of December, an officer in January 1851, a
commander on the fifteenth of August 1854, and a grand officer three
months ago. Under the Presidency, I was entrusted for a short time with
the portfolio of Public Works; later on the Emperor gave me a mission
to England, and since then I have entered the Council of State and the

'And, to-morrow, what will you enter?' Clorinde interrupted with a
laugh, by which she tried to conceal her ardent curiosity.

He stopped short and looked at her. 'You are very inquisitive,
Mademoiselle Machiavelli,' he said.

Then Clorinde began to swing her legs more briskly, and there was an
interval of silence. Rougon, seeing her absorbed in a fresh reverie,
thought that a favourable moment had come for extorting a confession
from her. 'Women----' he began.

But in a low tone she interrupted him, smiling at her own thoughts,
with a vague expression in her eyes: 'Oh, women are quite different!'

This was all the confession she made. She finished her bread and butter
and drained her glass of water. Then she leapt to her feet on the
table, with a spring that testified to her adroitness as a horsewoman.
'Now, Luigi!' she cried.

For the last few minutes the artist, who had left his seat, had been
impatiently gnawing his moustache while irritably walking up and down
in front of Rougon and Clorinde. With a sigh, he now sat down again and
took up his palette. The three minutes' grace which Clorinde had asked
for had expanded into a quarter of an hour. Now, however, she was again
standing on the table, still enveloped in her black lace. When she had
set herself in the proper attitude, she uncovered herself with a light
movement of the hand, and became a marble statue once more.

Fewer carriages were now rolling along the Champs Élysées, over which
the declining sun cast a stream of hazy light, enveloping the trees in
a ruddy haze that might almost have been taken for a coating of dust
stirred up by the passing vehicles. Clorinde's shoulders gleamed as
with sheeny gold in the light that fell through the lofty windows. The
sky gradually became greyer.

'Is Monsieur de Marsy's intended marriage with the Wallachian princess
settled yet?' asked the girl.

'Yes, I think so,' Rougon replied. 'She is very rich, and Marsy is
always short of money. And they say, too, that he is madly in love with

A spell of silence followed. Rougon stayed on, perfectly at his
ease, without any further thought of going away. He was absorbed in
meditation, and began to pace the room again. That Clorinde, he said to
himself, was certainly a remarkably fascinating creature. He thought
of her as though he had left her some time ago; and, as he walked up
and down, with his eyes turned to the floor, his mind dwelt on dimly
formulated, but very alluring thoughts, from which he derived a tender
pleasure. He seemed, moreover, to be breathing some strangely perfumed
atmosphere, and would have liked to throw himself upon one of the
couches and drop off to sleep amidst that odorous air.

A sound of words suddenly recalled him to himself. A tall old man,
whose entrance he had not observed, was kissing Clorinde on the brow,
while the girl smilingly stooped over the edge of the table.

'Good-morning, my dear,' said the old gentleman. 'How pretty you look!
You are exhibiting your charms, I see.' Then he gave a little snigger,
and as Clorinde in confusion picked up her lace wrapper, he quickly
added: 'No, no! You are very nice as you are! You needn't be afraid of

Then he turned towards Rougon, whom he addressed as 'dear colleague,'
as he shook his hand. 'I dandled her many a time on my knees, when she
was a little thing,' he added. 'Ah! what a dazzling creature she is

The new-comer was M. de Plouguern. He was seventy years of age. A
representative of Finistère in the Chamber during the reign of Louis
Philippe, he had been one of those Legitimist deputies who made the
pilgrimage to Belgrave Square,[4] and he had resigned in consequence of
the vote of censure then passed upon himself and his companions. Later
on, after the Revolution of February 1848, he had manifested a sudden
affection for the Republic, which he vigorously applauded from the
benches of the Constituent Assembly. Now that the Emperor had granted
him the well-earned refuge of the Senate, he was a Bonapartist. But he
knew how to be a Bonapartist and a man of high birth and breeding at
the same time. With all his great humility he occasionally indulged
in a spice of opposition. Ingratitude amused him, and, though he was
a sceptic to the backbone, he defended religion and family-life. He
thought that he owed that much to his name, one of the most illustrious
in Brittany. Accordingly every now and then he found the Empire
immoral, and said so openly. He himself had lived a life of dissolute
intrigue and elaborate pleasure-seeking, and stories were told even of
his old age which set young men dreaming. It was during a journey in
Italy that he had first met Countess Balbi, whose lover he had remained
for nearly thirty years. After separations, which lasted sometimes for
years, they would come together for a short time in some town where
they happened to meet. According to some, Clorinde was his daughter;
however, since the girl had grown up and had become a plump and pretty
young woman, he asserted, while gazing at her with his still glistening
eyes, that he had known her father well in former days. At the same
time he treated her with considerable freedom as being an old friend.
This tall, withered, scraggy old Plouguern bore some resemblance to
Voltaire; and the likeness was the source of much secret pleasure to

'You don't look at my portrait, godfather,' Clorinde said to him all at

She called him godfather by reason of their intimacy. The old man
stepped behind Luigi, and screwed up his eyes with the air of a
connoisseur. 'Splendid!' he exclaimed.

Rougon also came up, and Clorinde herself jumped off the table to
get a better view. All three of them were delighted. The picture was
excellent, they said. The artist had already covered the entire canvas
with a thin coating of pink and white and yellow, as pale as though
it were a mere water-colour wash. The face was wreathed into a pretty
dollish smile, the lips were curved into a bow, and the eyebrows
symmetrically arched, while the cheeks glowed with soft vermilion. It
was a Diana, fit for the lid of some box of sweetmeats.

'Oh, just look at that little freckle close to the eye!' cried
Clorinde, clapping her hands in admiration: 'Luigi forgets nothing!'

Rougon, whom pictures generally wearied, was charmed. Just then he
appreciated art, and in a tone of earnest conviction he pronounced this
judgment: 'It is admirably drawn.'

'And the colouring is excellent,' added M. de Plouguern. 'Those
shoulders look like real flesh. And what arms! But the dear child has
really got the most wonderful arms! I admire that full roundness below
the bend of the arm immensely; it is perfect.' Then, turning to the
artist, he added: 'Pray accept my compliments, Monsieur Pozzo. I have
already seen a picture of a woman bathing by you. But this portrait
will certainly excel it. Why don't you exhibit? I knew a diplomatist
who played marvellously well upon the violin, and yet it didn't prevent
him from attaining great success in his profession.'

Luigi bowed, feeling highly flattered. The daylight was now fast
waning, and so, saying that he wished to finish an ear, he begged
Clorinde to resume her position for another ten minutes. Meantime, M.
de Plouguern and Rougon went on discussing art. The latter confessed
that his special studies had prevented him from following the artistic
movement of recent years, but he expressed great admiration for fine
productions. He went on to say that he was not much affected by colour,
but preferred good drawing--drawing which was capable of elevating
the soul and inspiring it with great thoughts. M. de Plouguern, on
his side, only cared about the old masters. He had visited all the
galleries in Europe, and could not understand, said he, how the moderns
had the hardihood to go on painting. All the same, he confessed that
only the previous month he had had a little room of his decorated by an
artist who was quite unknown, but who certainly possessed great genius.

'He has painted me some little cupids and flowers and foliage with
extraordinary skill. You might positively think you could pluck the
flowers. And there are some insects on them, butterflies, cockchafers,
and flies, which you could almost swear were alive. It is very amusing.
I like amusing pictures.'

'Art should not weary one,' retorted Rougon.

Just at this moment, as they were slowly pacing the room side by side,
one of M. de Plouguern's boot-heels crushed something which gave out a
sharp sound.

'Hallo! What's that?' he cried.

Then he picked up a chaplet, which had slipped off an arm-chair into
which Clorinde had doubtless emptied her pockets. One of the glass
beads near the cross had been shivered to atoms, and an arm of the
cross itself, a very small silver one, was bent and flattened. The old
man dangled the chaplet in his hand, and said with a slight snigger:
'My dear, why do you leave these playthings of yours lying about?'

Clorinde, however, had turned quite crimson. She sprang off the table,
with swollen lips, and tears of anger welling into her eyes, and, as
she rapidly covered up her shoulders, she stammered: 'Oh, the wretch!
the wretch! he has broken my chaplet!'

She snatched it from him, and then burst into sobs like a child.

'There! there!' said M. de Plouguern, still laughing. 'Just look at
my little devotee! The other day she nearly tore my eyes out because
I noticed a branch of palm over her bed and asked her what she used
that little besom for. There now, don't cry, you great goose! I haven't
broken your Divinity.'

'Yes, yes,' she cried, 'you have injured it.' With trembling hands she
removed the fragments of the bead, and then, with a fresh outburst of
sobs, she tried to put the cross right again. She wiped it with her
finger tips, as though she saw drops of blood oozing through the metal.

'It was the Pope who gave me this,' she sobbed, 'the first time I went
with mother to see him. He knows me very well, and he calls me his
"fair apostle," because I told him one day that I should be glad to die
for him. It was a chaplet that brought me good luck. But now it has
lost its virtue, and it will attract the devil----'

'Here, give it to me!' interrupted M. de Plouguern, 'you will only
break your nails by trying to straighten it. Silver is hard, my dear.'

He took the chaplet from her and tried to straighten the arm of the
cross, using great care so as not to break it. Clorinde had ceased
crying, and watched him attentively. Rougon, too, smilingly craned
his head forward. He was deplorably irreligious; so much so, indeed,
that the girl had twice all but broken with him on account of his
ill-considered pleasantries.

'The deuce!' muttered M. de Plouguern, 'this divinity of yours isn't
very tender! I'm afraid of snapping it in two, and then you would have
to get another one.'

He made a fresh attempt and this time the arm of the cross broke off.
'Oh! so much the worse!' he cried; 'it is broken this time.'

At this Rougon began to laugh again. But Clorinde, with angry eyes and
convulsed face, sprang back glaring at them, and then fell upon them
furiously with her fists, as though she wished to drive them out of the
room. She railed at them in Italian, quite beside herself.

'She's giving it us! she's giving it us!' cried M. de Plouguern gaily.

'Such are the fruits of superstition,' muttered Rougon between his

The old man ceased his jesting and suddenly assumed a grave expression;
and then as Rougon continued to declaim in conventional phraseology
against the detestable influence of the priesthood, the shocking
training of Catholic women, and the degradation of priest-ridden Italy,
the other drily exclaimed: 'Religion makes the greatness of states.'

'When it doesn't eat them away like an ulcer,' replied Rougon. 'It's
matter of history. If the Emperor doesn't keep the Bishops in check, he
will soon have them all on his back.'

Thereupon M. de Plouguern in his turn grew angry. He defended Rome,
and talked of what had been the convictions of his whole life. Without
religion, he protested, men would return to the condition of brutes.
Then he went on to plead the great cause of family ties. The times were
becoming full of abomination. Never before had vice been so impudently
paraded; never before had impiety worked such woe in men's consciences.

'Don't talk to me of your Empire!' he ended by crying; 'it is the
bastard son of the Revolution. Oh! we are quite aware that your Empire
dreams of humiliating the Church. But we are wide awake, and we shall
not allow ourselves to be slaughtered like mere sheep. Just try to
ventilate those doctrines of yours in the Senate, my dear Monsieur

'Oh, don't talk to him any more,' retorted Clorinde. 'If you push him
too far, he will spit on the crucifix. He is doomed.'

Rougon bowed, quite overcome by this onset. Then there was a fresh
pause, while the girl searched on the floor for the arm that had fallen
from the cross. When she had found it, she carefully wrapt it with the
chaplet in a piece of newspaper. She was growing calmer.

'Ah now, my dear!' M. de Plouguern suddenly exclaimed, 'I haven't told
you why I came to see you. I have got a box at the Palais Royal for
this evening, and I'm going to take you and your mother with me.'

'Oh, you dear godfather!' cried Clorinde, turning quite rosy again with
pleasure. 'I'll send to have mother awakened.'

Then she gave the old man a kiss, by way of reward, she said; and
afterwards turning to Rougon with a smile, and offering her hand, she
said with the sweetest little pout: 'You don't bear me a grudge, do
you? Please don't make me angry again with your pagan talk. I lose my
head when anyone makes fun of religion: I should quarrel with my best
friends over it.'

Luigi had by this time pushed his easel into a corner, having lost all
hope of getting the ear finished that day. He took up his hat, and
tapped the girl on the shoulder to apprize her of his departure. She
accompanied him on to the landing, closing the door behind her as she
left the room. However, they took leave of one another very noisily,
for a slight scream of Clorinde's rang out, drowned in a burst of
smothered laughter. When she returned to the room, she said: 'I'll go
to dress now, unless my godfather would like to take me to the Palais
Royal as I am.'

They all laughed at the notion. It was now dusk. When Rougon took his
leave, Clorinde went downstairs with him, leaving M. de Plouguern by
himself while she went to dress. It was already dark on the staircase
as Clorinde descended it in front of Rougon without speaking a word,
and so slowly that he felt the rustle of her gauze costume. When she
reached the door of her bedroom she took a step or two forward before
turning round. Rougon had followed her to the threshold. 'You won't
bear me a grudge, will you?' she repeated in a low tone, again offering
him her hands.

He assured her that he would not; but as he once more took hold of her
hands his grip was so rough, so threatening almost, that Clorinde made
all haste to escape from him, and while he stood panting there he heard
her calling through an inner door which had been left open: 'Antonia,
bring a light and get me my grey dress.'

When Rougon reached the avenue of the Champs Élysées he felt dazed, and
stood still for a moment to inhale the fresh breeze which was blowing
down from the Arc de Triomphe. The gas-lamps of the avenue, where now
not a vehicle remained, were being lighted one by one, spangling the
darkness with a trail of vivid sparks. Rougon felt as if he had just
had an apoplectic fit, and rubbed his face with his hands.

'Ah, no!' he suddenly exclaimed aloud, 'no, no--it would be too



The baptismal procession was to start from the Pavillon de
l'Horloge--the central pavilion of the Tuileries palace--at five
o'clock. It was to wend its way along the main avenue of the Tuileries
gardens, the Place de la Concorde, the Rue de Rivoli, the Place de
l'Hôtel de Ville, the Arcole bridge, the Rue d'Arcole and the Place du

By four o'clock there was an immense crowd assembled near the Arcole
bridge. There, in the breach which the river made in the midst of the
city, a whole people could find accommodation. The view expanded,
with the Ile Saint Louis in the distance barred by the black line of
the Louis-Philippe bridge. The narrow arm of the Seine on the left
vanished amid a mass of low buildings; while the broader one on the
right afforded a far-reaching prospect bathed in purplish vapour,
through which the trees of the Port aux Vins showed in a green patch.
On both sides of the river, from the Quai Saint Paul to the Quai de la
Mégisserie, from the Quai Napoléon to the Quai de l'Horloge, were long
foot-pavements and roadways; while, in front of the bridge, the Place
de l'Hôtel de Ville afforded a large, open, level space. And over all
the wide expanse, the sky, a bright, warm June sky, spread a vault of

When the half hour struck, there were people everywhere. All along the
footways endless lines of eager spectators were pressed against the
quay parapets. A sea of human heads, which was continually surging,
filled the Place de l'Hôtel de Ville. Opposite, in the dark gaps of the
open windows of the old houses on the Quai Napoléon, faces were thickly
crowding, and even in the gloomy alleys leading to the river, the Rue
Colombe, the Rue Saint Landry and the Rue Glatigny, women's caps, with
ribbons streaming in the breeze, could be seen leaning forward. The
bridge of Notre Dame displayed a serried row of sight-seers, whose
elbows rested on the stone parapet, as on the balustrade of some
colossal balcony. Further down, the Louis Philippe bridge swarmed with
little black figures; and even the most distant windows streaking the
grey and yellow house-fronts were every now and then brightened by
some gay dress. There were men on the roofs among the chimney stacks.
People, who could not be distinguished, were looking through telescopes
from their terraces on the Quai de la Tournelle. And the sunlight
spreading over all seemed like the very quiver of the crowd; it bore
afar the laughter of those surging heads, while gay, mirror-like
parasols reflected the glow, showing as planets amidst all the medley
of skirts and coats.

But there was one thing that was visible from every side, from the
quays and bridges and windows, and that was a fresco painting of a
colossal grey overcoat on the blank wall of a six-storeyed house on
the isle of St. Louis. The sleeve of this coat was bent at the elbow
as though the garment still retained the shape and attitude of a body
that had disappeared from within it. In the bright sunshine, above all
the swarming sight-seers, this gigantic advertisement presented a most
conspicuous appearance.[5]

A double line of troops kept the roadway clear for the procession.
National Guards were drawn up on the right hand, and infantrymen of
the Line on the left. At one end, this military cordon extended to the
Rue d'Arcole, which was gaudy with banners, while from the windows
hung costly draperies which flapped languidly against the dingy
house-fronts. The bridge, to which the crowd had not been admitted,
was the only clear spot amidst the general invasion, and it presented a
strange appearance, thus deserted. But, lower down, on the river banks,
the crowding began again. Shopkeepers in Sunday clothes had spread out
their pocket-handkerchiefs and seated themselves beside their wives
to rest after a whole afternoon of lounging idleness. On the other
side of the bridge, where the river expanded, showing a deep blue shot
with green just where its arms united, there were some boatmen in red
jackets who were working their oars to keep their boat on a level with
the Port aux Fruits. By the Quai de Gèvres, too, there was a floating
laundry, with wooden walls green with moisture, in which washerwomen
could be heard laughing and beating their clothes. And all the teeming
sight-seers, numbering from three to four hundred thousand people, now
and again raised their heads to glance at the towers of Notre Dame
which rose up square and massive above the houses of the Quai Napoléon.
Gilded by the declining sun, so that they looked ruddy against the
clear sky, the towers resounded with the clanging peals of their bells,
which sent a quiver through the atmosphere.

Three or four false alarms had already caused a great deal of jostling
in the crowd.

'I tell you that they won't pass before half-past five,' said a tall
fellow who was sitting in front of a café on the Quai de Gèvres with M.
and Madame Charbonnel.

It was Gilquin, Théodore Gilquin, Madame Mélanie Correur's old lodger,
and Rougon's redoubtable friend. He was dressed that day in a complete
suit of yellow duck, a cheap ready-made line, stained and creased, and
here and there unsewn at the seams. His boots, too, were split, and
his straw hat lacked a ribbon. However, he wore tan coloured gloves,
and for that reason considered that he was in full dress. He had been
acting since noon as a guide to the Charbonnels, whose acquaintance he
had made one evening in the kitchen at Rougon's house.

'You shall see everything, my children,' he said to them, as he brushed
aside the long black moustaches which swept across his tipsy-looking
face. 'You have put yourselves in my hands, haven't you? Very well,
then let me manage our little holiday.'

Gilquin had already drunk three nips of brandy and five glasses of
beer. For the last two hours he had been keeping the Charbonnels
prisoners at the café, whither he had brought them, on the pretext
that it was absolutely necessary to be in good time. It was a little
café with which he was well acquainted, and where they would be very
comfortable, he assured them, and he seemed to be on most familiar
terms with the waiter. The Charbonnels had resigned themselves to
their fate, and listened to his talk, feeling much surprised at its
abundance and variety. Madame Charbonnel had declined to take anything
beyond a glass of _eau sucrée_, and M. Charbonnel had ordered for
himself a glass of anisette, such as he occasionally indulged in at the
Commercial Club at Plassans. Meanwhile Gilquin discoursed to them about
the Baptism as explicitly as though he had spent the morning at the
Tuileries for the purpose of acquiring information.

'The Empress is in very high spirits,' he said. 'She got over her
delivery splendidly. She's a fine woman! You will see by-and-bye what
a figure she has. The Emperor got back from Nantes on the day before
yesterday. He went there on account of the floods. What a dreadful
calamity those floods are!'

Madame Charbonnel pushed her chair back. She was beginning to feel
rather afraid of the crowd which was streaming past her in increasing
numbers. 'What a lot of people!' she muttered.

'Yes, indeed,' cried Gilquin, 'I should think so. There are more than
three hundred thousand visitors in Paris. Excursion trains have been
bringing them here for the last week from all parts of the country.
See, over yonder there are some people from Normandy, and there are
some from Gascony, and some from Franche-Comté. I can spot them at
once; I've knocked about a good deal in my time.'

He next told them that the courts and the Bourse were closed, and that
all the clerks in the government offices had got a holiday. The whole
capital was holding festival in honour of the Baptism. Then he began
to quote figures, and calculate what the ceremony and rejoicings would
cost. The Corps Législatif had voted 400,000 francs,[6] but that was a
mere nothing, for a groom at the Tuileries had informed him that the
procession alone would cost nearly 200,000. If the Emperor got off
with a million from the civil list, he might think himself lucky. The
layette alone had cost 100,000 francs.

'What, 100,000 francs!' cried Madame Charbonnel in amazement. 'Why, how
can they have possibly spent all that? What can it have gone in?'

Gilquin laughed as he told her that some laces cost an enormous sum.
He himself had travelled in the lace business in former days. Then he
went on with his calculations: 50,000 francs had gone to the parents
of children who had been born on the same day as the little prince,
and of whom the Emperor and Empress had expressed their intention to
be godfather and godmother respectively. Then 85,000 francs were to be
spent in purchasing medals for the authors of the cantatas which were
sung at the theatres. Finally, there were 120,000 commemorative medals
distributed among the collegians, the pupils of the primary schools
and asylums and the non-commissioned officers and privates of the army
of Paris. He had got one of those medals himself, and showed it to
them. It was about the size of a half-franc piece, and bore on one side
the profiles of the Emperor and Empress, and on the other that of the
Prince Imperial, with the date of the latter's baptism, namely, June
14, 1856.

'Would you mind selling it me?' M. Charbonnel inquired of Gilquin.

The other expressed his willingness to do so, but as Charbonnel,
embarrassed as to what he should offer for it, handed him a
twenty-sous-piece, he declined it, saying that the medal was not worth
more than ten sous. Madame Charbonnel, meanwhile, was gazing at the
profiles of the imperial couple, and seemed quite affected by emotion:
'How good they look!' she said. 'There they are, side by side, like an
affectionate pair. See, Monsieur Charbonnel, you would say two heads
lying on the same pillow when you look at them this way.'

Then Gilquin returned to the subject of the Empress, of whose
charitable disposition he spoke in the most laudatory terms. But a
short time before her delivery she had devoted whole afternoons to
furthering the establishment of an educational institute for poor girls
in the Faubourg Saint Antoine. Moreover, she had just refused to accept
an offering of 80,000 francs which had been collected in sums of five
sous amongst the poorer classes for the purpose of buying a present for
the young prince; and by her express desire the money was to be devoted
to the apprenticing of a hundred poor orphans. Gilquin, who was already
somewhat tipsy, twisted his eyes about in the most dreadful manner as
he sought for tender phrases and expressions which should combine the
respect of the subject with the passionate admiration of the man. He
declared that he would gladly offer up his life in sacrifice at the
feet of that noble woman. And nobody protested against this. The murmur
of the crowd seemed indeed like a distant echo of his praises. It was
now growing into a continuous clamour, while over the house-tops from
the bells of Notre Dame rolled peal on peal of clanging, tumultuous joy.

'Don't you think it time for us to go and take our places?' timidly
suggested M. Charbonnel, who felt tired of sitting still.

At this Madame Charbonnel rose up and fastened her yellow shawl about
her neck. 'Yes, I'm sure it is,' she said. 'You wanted to be there in
good time, and we're sitting here and letting everyone go past us.'

Gilquin, however, became indignant; and, with an oath, brought his
fist down on the little zinc table. Didn't he know all about Paris? he
asked; and then, as Madame Charbonnel timidly dropped upon her chair
again, he cried to the waiter: 'Jules, a glass of absinthe and some

But as soon as he had dipped his big moustaches in the absinthe, he
angrily called the waiter back again. 'Are you having a game with me?
Just take this filth away, and give me some out of the other bottle;
the same as I had on Friday. I have travelled in the liquor-trade, my
fine fellow. You can't bamboozle me.'

He calmed down, however, when the waiter, who seemed afraid of him, had
brought the other bottle, and then he tapped the Charbonnels on the
shoulders, and called them 'old fellow' and 'old lady.' 'Ah! so you're
itching to be on the move, are you, old lady?' said he. 'You'll have
plenty of use for your feet between now and to-night, so you needn't
be in a hurry. We're very comfortable at this café; don't you think
so, old fellow? We can take our ease and watch the people go by. We've
plenty of time, I assure you, so you'd better order something else.'

'Thank you, we've had all that we want,' said M. Charbonnel.

Gilquin had just lighted a cigar. He leaned back in his chair, inserted
his thumbs in the arm-holes of his waistcoat, thrust out his chest, and
began to rock himself backwards and forwards. His eyes glowed with an
expression of perfect content. Suddenly an idea seemed to strike him.
'I'll tell you what,' he cried; 'I'll call for you at seven o'clock
to-morrow morning, and take you off with me and show you all the
festivities. We'll have a splendid day of it.'

The Charbonnels looked at each other very uneasily. But Gilquin
proceeded to explain his programme after the manner of a strolling
showman. In the morning they would lunch at the Palais Royal, and walk
about the city. In the afternoon they would go to the Esplanade of the
Invalides, where there would be military performances, greasy poles,
three hundred balloons laden with packets of sweets, and one large
balloon raining down sugared almonds. In the evening they would dine
at a wineshop which he knew of, on the Quai de Billy; then they would
see the fireworks, the principal set-piece of which would represent a
baptistery, and afterwards they could stroll among the illuminations.
And he also told them of a fiery cross which was to be fixed on the
Hôtel de la Légion d'Honneur; of a fairy palace on the Place de la
Concorde, in the building of which 950,000 pieces of coloured glass had
been used; and of the image atop of the tower of Saint Jacques, which
would look like a blazing torch in mid-air.

As the Charbonnels still hesitated, however, he leaned towards them and
added in lower tones: 'And then, as we come back, we might look in at
a creamery in the Rue de Seine where they give you such stunning onion
soup with cheese.'

At this the Charbonnels no longer dared to refuse. Childish curiosity
and alarm mingled in the expression of their dilated eyes. They felt
that they could not escape from that terrible man, and must do whatever
he told them. Madame Charbonnel simply murmured: 'Oh! this Paris! this
Paris! Well, well, since we are here, I suppose we must see all that
there is to be seen. But if you only knew, Monsieur Gilquin, how quiet
we were at Plassans! I have a store-room full of preserves and brandied
cherries and pickles which are all mouldering away!'

'Don't alarm yourself, old lady,' replied Gilquin, who was growing more
and more familiar; 'when you gain your case, you can ask me to come and
stay with you, and then we'll all have a go at the jam-pots!'

So saying, he poured himself out another glass of absinthe. He was now
perfectly tipsy. For a moment he looked at the Charbonnels with loving
affection; but, all at once, he sprang to his feet and waved his long
arms while calling; 'Eh! eh! Hallo! you there!'

Madame Mélanie Correur, arrayed in a dress of dove-coloured silk,
was just then passing on the opposite footwalk. She turned her head
and seemed extremely annoyed at seeing Gilquin. However, she crossed
over with the majestic gait of a princess, but on reaching the table
required a deal of pressing before she would accept any refreshment.

'Come now,' cried Gilquin, 'have a little glass of blackcurrant brandy.
I know you like it. You haven't forgotten the Rue Vanneau, eh? We
used to have fine times then, didn't we? Ah! that big old stupid of a

Just as Madame Correur was at last sitting down, a loud shouting was
heard among the crowd. The promenaders scuttled off like sheep, as
though swept along by a gust of wind. The Charbonnels had instinctively
risen with the idea of following the others, but Gilquin's heavy hand
brought them to their chairs again. His face was quite purple.

'Just keep still and wait for orders, will you?' said he. 'Those
folks are making fools of themselves. It is only five o'clock, isn't
it? Well, then, it's the Cardinal-Legate who's coming; and we don't
want to see the Cardinal-Legate, do we? For my part, I think it's
very neglectful of the Pope not to have come himself. When a man is a
godfather he ought to behave as such, it seems to me. However, I tell
you that the youngster won't be here for another half-hour.'

His intoxication was rapidly depriving him of all sense of decorum.
He had cocked his chair back and begun to smoke in people's faces,
winking the while at the women and glaring defiantly at the men. A few
yards away, near the bridge of Notre Dame, there was now a block in the
road traffic. Horses were pawing the ground with impatience, and the
uniforms of high functionaries and officers, embroidered with gold and
glittering with decorations, appeared at the windows of the passing

'There's a nice show of tinsel and pewter!' sneered Gilquin, with the
smile of a man who cares nothing for gew-gaws.

However, as a brougham came along from the Quai de la Mégisserie, he
almost upset the table as he sprang up and cried: 'Hallo, Rougon!'

He saluted the great man with his gloved hand, and then, fearing that
he had not been recognised, snatched off his straw hat and began to
wave it. At this, Rougon, whose senatorial uniform was attracting a
deal of notice, quickly withdrew to a corner of his brougham. And
thereupon Gilquin began to call him, raising his hand to his mouth and
using it as a speaking-trumpet. The people on the footway stopped and
turned to see what was the matter with this strange-looking fellow
dressed in yellow duck. At last, however, the coachman was able to urge
his horse forward, and the brougham turned on to the bridge of Notre

'Do be quiet!' said Madame Correur in a low voice, while catching hold
of Gilquin's arms.

But he would not at once sit down again. He remained on tip-toes,
watching the brougham as it mingled with the other carriages, and at
last he hurled a parting shout after the fleeing wheels: 'Ah! the
turn-tail! just because he wears gold lace on his coat now! All the
same, my fat fellow, you were deucedly hard up once upon a time!'

Some middle-class citizens and their wives who were sitting at the
seven or eight tables of the little café heard this and opened their
eyes in astonishment. At one table there was a family, consisting
of the father and mother and three children, who seemed profoundly
interested in Gilquin's proceedings. The latter puffed himself out,
quite delighted to find that he had an audience. He let his eyes travel
round the customers of the café, and said in a loud voice as he dropped
into his seat again: 'Rougon! why it was I who made him what he is!'

Then turning to Madame Correur, who was trying to quiet him, he
appealed to her for corroboration. She knew that he was speaking the
truth, he proclaimed. It had all happened at the Hôtel Vanneau in the
Rue Vanneau. She surely wouldn't deny that he had lent Rougon his boots
a score of times to enable him to go to the houses of highly-placed
people and mix in a lot of mysterious goings-on. Why, in those days
Rougon only possessed an old pair of split shoes, which a rag-picker
wouldn't have taken as a gift. Then with a triumphant air Gilquin bent
towards the family at the next table, and exclaimed: 'Oh, she won't
confess it, but it was she who paid for his first pair of new boots in

Madame Correur, however, turned her chair round, so that she might no
longer seem to be one of Gilquin's party. The Charbonnels had become
quite pale at hearing the man who was to put half a million francs
in their pockets spoken of in such a fashion. Gilquin, however, was
wound up, and rattled off innumerable stories of Rougon's early days.
He, Gilquin, claimed to be a philosopher, and he began to laugh,
and accosted the parties at the different tables one after another,
smoking, spitting, and drinking, while telling them that he was quite
accustomed to the ingratitude of mankind, and was satisfied with
preserving his own self-respect. And he repeated that he himself
had been the making of Rougon. At that time, he said, he had been a
traveller in the perfumery line, but the Republic was bad for trade.
Both he and Rougon had been living on the same floor in a state of
starvation. Then he was struck with the idea of getting Rougon to send
for some olive-oil from a producer at Plassans, and they had both
wandered about Paris in different directions till ten o'clock at night
with samples of olive-oil in their pockets. Rougon was not clever at
the business, but he occasionally succeeded in getting some good orders
from the fine folks to whose houses he went in the evenings.

Ah! that rascal Rougon, he was a bigger booby than a goose in most
things, yet all the same he was very cunning. A little later, how he
had made him, Gilquin, run about to further his politics! Here Gilquin
lowered his voice a little and winked, and let them know that he
himself had belonged to the Bonapartist band. He had haunted the low
dancing-rooms crying out 'Long live the Republic'; for it was necessary
to profess Republicanism to get influence over the people. The Empire
certainly owed him a big debt for what he had done; but it hadn't even
thanked him. No, while Rougon and his clique shared all the prizes,
he was turned out of doors like a mangy dog. Well, on the whole, he
preferred that it should be so, he would rather remain independent.
He had only one regret now, and that was that he had not stuck to the
Republicans and made an end of all this scum with his musket.

'It's just the same, too, with little Du Poizat,' he said in
conclusion. 'He pretends not to know me now; a skinny little beggar to
whom I've often given a pipe of tobacco! And yet he's a sub-prefect
now! Why I've often seen him with big Amélie, who used to box his ears
and kick him outside the door when he didn't behave properly.'

After this he became silent for a moment as if overcome by tender
recollections amidst his maudlin fit. Then, glancing round at his
audience, he began again.

'Well, you've just seen Rougon. I'm as tall a man as he is, and I'm the
same age, and I flatter myself that I've got a better looking head on
my shoulders. Well, now, don't you think that it would be much better
for everyone if I were in that carriage instead of that great fat pig,
with his body covered all over with gold lace?'

However, just at this moment such a shouting arose on the Place de
l'Hôtel de Ville, that the people at the café became much too excited
to reply. The crowd made another rush; men's legs flew along, while
women caught up their petticoats to enable themselves to run the
faster. As the shouting came nearer and grew more distinct, Gilquin
cried out:

'Ah! here comes the youngster! Hurry up and pay the score, old man, and
then follow me all of you!'

Madame Correur grasped his yellow duck coat so as not to lose him, and
Madame Charbonnel panted along close behind, while her husband was
almost lost in the crowd. Gilquin, by much resolute pushing, managed
to open a passage through the dense throng, making such a show of
authority that people drew back even at the most crowded parts. When
he at last reached the quay, he lifted the ladies with an effort, and
seated them on the parapet, with their legs dangling over, on the water
side, and this in spite of their little shrieks of alarm. He himself
and M. Charbonnel remained standing behind.

'Well, my little dears, you're in the front boxes now,' he said, to
reassure the women; 'don't be frightened, we'll take hold of your

Thereupon he slipped both arms round Madame Correur's plump figure.
She smiled at him. It was impossible to get angry with such a jovial
fellow. As yet, however, they could see nothing. The Place de l'Hôtel
de Ville was full of surging heads, and echoed with continuous
cheering. Hats were waving in the distance, held aloft by hands which
were indistinguishable, and forming a huge black billow which slowly
rolled nearer and nearer. Then the occupants of the houses on the Quai
Napoléon, which fronted the Place, began to show signs of excitement.
They leant out of the windows, crowding against each other, with
beaming faces, and arms outstretched to call attention to something in
the direction of the Rue de Rivoli. For three minutes, which seemed
very long, however, the bridge still remained empty. The bells of Notre
Dame were ringing louder than ever, as though in some wild fit of
joyful excitement.

Suddenly the anxious multitude beheld a company of trumpeters upon
the empty bridge. There was a great sigh of expectation. Behind the
trumpeters and the mounted band which followed them, came a general,
escorted by his staff. Then, behind squadrons of carabineers,
dragoons and hussars, followed the state-carriages. There were eight
of them, each drawn by six horses. In those that came first sat the
ladies-in-waiting, the chamberlains, the officers of the household of
the Emperor and Empress, and the ladies in attendance upon the Grand
Duchess of Baden, who had been deputed to represent the young prince's
godmother. Gilquin, without letting go his hold of Madame Correur, told
her from behind that the godmother, the Queen of Sweden, had not put
herself out any more than the godfather had done. Then, as the seventh
and eighth carriages went past, he told her the names of those who
occupied them, with a glibness which bespoke great familiarity with
court matters. Those two ladies, he said, were the Princess Mathilde
and the Princess Marie. Those three gentlemen were King Jérôme, Prince
Napoleon and the Crown Prince of Sweden. The lady with them was the
Grand Duchess of Baden. Meanwhile, the procession swept on slowly. The
equerries and aides-de-camp and gentlemen-in-waiting all rode with
short reins to keep their horses at a walk.

'But where is the baby?' asked Madame Charbonnel impatiently.

'Oh! don't be frightened,' said Gilquin, with a laugh; 'they haven't
put him under a seat. Wait a little and you'll see him.'

So saying, he tightened his grasp round Madame Correur, who allowed him
to do so, she explained, because she was afraid of slipping into the
water. Then, growing enthusiastic over the display, he continued, while
his eyes glistened brightly: 'Isn't it really splendid? See how they
take their ease, the rascals, in their satin-quilted coaches! And to
think that I worked for all this!'

Then he began to puff himself out as though the procession, the crowd
and everything that was to be seen owed their origin to him. However,
after the temporary lull, caused by the appearance of the first
carriages, there came a tremendous uproar. It was upon the quay itself
now that hats were waving over the surging heads of the crowd. Six
imperial outriders, wearing green liveries and round caps, from which
dangled large gold tassels, had made their appearance on the bridge.
Then at last the Empress's carriage came in sight. It was drawn by
eight horses; and at each of its four corners there was a magnificent
lamp. Large and rounded, panelled almost entirely with glass, this
coach resembled a huge crystal casket with gold settings, mounted upon
golden wheels. Inside it, amidst a cloud of snowy lace, one could
clearly distinguish the rosy face of the Prince Imperial, carried
upon the knees of the Governess of the Children of France, by whose
side sat the wet nurse, a young, handsome, and buxom Burgundian. Then
a short distance behind, following a group of mounted equerries and
grooms on foot, came the Emperor's carriage, which also was drawn by
eight horses, and was as magnificent as the previous one. In it sat the
Emperor and Empress, who bowed to the people as they passed. Beside
these two last carriages rode several marshals of France, who, without
sign of impatience, let all the dust from the wheels settle on their
richly broidered uniforms.

'Just fancy if the bridge were to break down!' exclaimed Gilquin with a
grin. He was fond of indulging in the most awful suppositions.

Madame Correur, frightened at the thought of such a thing, tried to
stop him, but he would dwell on the subject, remarking that iron
bridges were never safe. He even asserted that he could see the
platform oscillating when the two carriages were but half-way across.
What a splash, he continued; if papa and mamma and baby went down they
would get such a drink as would keep them from ever wanting another!
The carriages, however, rolled softly and silently over the bridge,
and the frame-work of the gently-curving arch was so light that they
looked almost as though suspended in space over the river, in whose
blue depths they were reflected like strange gold-fishes, carried up by
the flow of the tide. The Emperor and Empress, feeling a little tired,
leaned back against the buttoned satin, glad to escape the crowd for
a moment and the necessity of bowing to it. The Governess, too, took
advantage of the stretch of empty space to raise the little prince,
who was slipping from her knees, while the nurse, leaning forward,
amused him with a smile. The whole procession was steeped in bright
sunshine. The uniforms, the gay gowns, and the horse-trappings shone
out brilliantly, while the sparkling planet-like coaches cast tremulous
beams of reflected sunlight along the fronts of the dingy houses on
the Quai Napoléon. In the distance, above the bridge, the colossal
advertisement of the giant grey overcoat, painted on the wall of a
six-storeyed house, and now illumined with radiant splendour by the
sun, formed a sort of background to the magnificent picture.

Gilquin noticed the overcoat just as it towered above the two
carriages. 'Look!' he cried, 'there's the uncle[7] over yonder!'

A laugh ran through the surrounding crowd. M. Charbonnel, who did not
catch the point, wanted to have it explained to him, but his request
was drowned by the deafening cheering and clapping of hands that arose
from the three hundred thousand people there pressed together. A mighty
thrill of enthusiasm had sped through the mass of sight-seers as the
little prince, followed by the Emperor and Empress, came into sight
on the middle of the bridge, of which they had a full, unbroken view.
Men rose on tip-toe, and set their dazed youngsters astride their
necks, while women wept or stammered out expressions of love for 'the
little darling,' showing a heartfelt sympathy with the happiness of the
imperial parents. A storm of shouts still rolled on from the Place de
l'Hôtel de Ville; and upon the quays, both up and down the river, there
was a forest of waving, outstretched arms. Handkerchiefs fluttered from
the windows, and men and women craned forward with glistening eyes
and gaping mouths. Away in the distance the windows of the Ile Saint
Louis, which looked like narrow streaks of charcoal, were lighted up
with white gleams and evidences of life too far away to be clearly
distinguished. However, the boatmen in red jackets stood up in the
middle of the river, where the current swept them along, and shouted
their loudest, while the washerwomen, leaning out of the windows of the
floating laundry, waved their bare arms excitedly, and, in their desire
to be heard, dealt blow after blow with their beetles till they nearly
broke them.

'There, it's all over!' exclaimed Gilquin; 'let us be off.'

The Charbonnels, however, wanted to see the end of everything. The
tail of the procession--squadrons of Cent Gardes, cuirassiers and
carabineers--was plunging into the Rue d'Arcole. Then there came a
scene of dreadful confusion. In several places people broke through the
double line of National Guards and regulars, and women began to scream.

'Come along! come along!' repeated Gilquin. 'We shall be crushed to

When he had deposited the ladies on the footway, he made them cross
the road in spite of the crowd. Madame Correur and the Charbonnels had
wanted to keep near the parapet, so as to make their way to the bridge
of Notre Dame and see what was happening on the Place du Parvis. But
Gilquin would not hear of it, and dragged them after him. When they
once more reached the little café, he gave them a push and made them
sit down again at the table which they had recently left.

'What perverse creatures you are!' he cried. 'Do you suppose that I
want to have my feet crushed by all those louts? We'll have something
to drink, we will! We are much better off here than in that crush.
We've had enough sight-seeing. It was beginning to get wearisome. Come,
old lady, what will you drink?'

The Charbonnels, upon whom he kept his perturbing eyes, began to make
timid objections. They would have liked to see the procession leave
the church. But Gilquin assured them that it would be best to give the
crowd time to disperse, and that he would take them to the church in a
quarter of an hour, if the crush was not too thick. However, while he
was telling Jules to bring a supply of cigars and beer, Madame Correur
prudently made her escape. 'Well, stay and rest yourselves a little,'
she said to the Charbonnels. 'You will find me over yonder by-and-bye.'

She made her way to the bridge of Notre Dame and then into the Rue de
la Cité. But the crush there was still so great that it took her a good
quarter of an hour to reach the Rue de Constantine. At last she made
a cut through the Rue de la Licorne and the Rue des Trois Canettes,
and in this way emerged upon the Place du Parvis, after losing at
the ventilator of a suspicious house one of the flounces of her
dove-coloured dress. Round the square, strewn with sand and flowers,
stood tall masts, from which hung banners bearing the imperial arms.
In front of the church a vast tent-shaped porch draped the stone-work
with curtains of crimson velvet, having fringes and tassels of gold.

Here Madame Correur was checked by a body of troops who kept back
the crowd. In the middle of the space from which the public had been
excluded, footmen were pacing up and down beside the carriages, which
were drawn up in five rows, their coachmen still occupying their seats
and holding their reins. As Madame Correur craned her head forward in
the hope of finding some gap through which she might pass, she caught
sight of Du Poizat quietly smoking a cigar in a corner of the square
among some of the footmen.

'Don't you think you could get me in?' she asked him, when she had
attracted his attention by waving her handkerchief.

Du Poizat went and spoke to an officer, and then led Madame Correur in
front of the church.

'If you'll take my advice,' he said to her, 'you'll stay here with me.
It's perfectly packed inside. I was nearly suffocated myself, and so
I came out. See, there are Colonel Jobelin and Monsieur Bouchard, who
have given up all hope of finding room.'

She looked and saw the two men on her left, near the Rue du Cloître
Notre Dame. M. Bouchard was saying that he had just left his wife in
charge of M. d'Escorailles, who had an excellent seat for a lady at his
disposal, while the colonel's chief regret seemed to be that he was not
able to explain the ceremony to his son Auguste.

'I much wished to show him the famous vase,' he said. 'It is, as you
know, the genuine vase of Saint Louis--a vase of copper, damascened
and ornamented with niello work in the most perfect Persian manner.
It is a relic of the times of the Crusades, and has been used at the
christenings of all our kings ever since.'

'Did you see all the insignia?' M. Bouchard asked Du Poizat.

'Yes,' replied the latter. 'Madame de Llorentz was carrying the

Then he entered into details. The chrisom was the christening cloth,
a fact of which neither of the men had been aware. But Du Poizat
went on to enumerate, not only the insignia of the Prince Imperial,
the chrisom, the candle and the salt-cellar, but the insignia of the
godfather and godmother, the basin, the ewer and the towel, all of
which were carried by ladies-in-waiting. Then there was also the
little prince's mantle, a most magnificent and wonderful mantle, which
was hung over an arm-chair near the font.

'Isn't there really the smallest corner where I could squeeze myself?'
cried Madame Correur, in whom all these details had roused a fever of

Then they told her of all the great state bodies and high officials
and innumerable deputations that they had seen pass. It was an almost
endless procession, they said; the Diplomatic body, the Senate,
the Corps Législatif, the Council of State, the Supreme Court, the
Exchequer Court, the Appeal Court, the Tribunals of Commerce and of
First Instance; to say nothing of the ministers, the prefects, the
mayors and their deputies, the academicians, the general officers,
and a host of others, including even delegates from the Jewish and
Protestant consistories.

'Oh! what a splendid sight it must be!' Madame Correur exclaimed with a

Du Poizat shrugged his shoulders. He was in a very bad humour. All
those people bored him, he said, and he seemed irritated by the length
of the ceremony. How much longer would they be? They had sung the _Veni
Creator_ and had censed themselves and walked about and saluted one
another. Surely the child must be christened by this time!

Meanwhile M. Bouchard and the colonel manifested greater patience and
examined the decorated windows of the square; then, as a sudden peal
of the bells shook the towers, they turned their heads and quivered
uneasily at their close proximity to the huge church, whose summit they
could not even discern in the sky. However, Auguste had slipped towards
the porch, whither Madame Correur followed him. But when she reached
the great door, which was wide open, the magnificent sight she beheld
kept her rooted to the ground.

Between the two great curtains of the porch the church appeared like
a vision of some superhuman temple. The vaulted arches, of a soft
blue, were spangled with stars. Around this wondrous firmament the
stained-glass windows gleamed like mystic planets, sparkling with
burning jewels. From the lofty pillars on all sides hung drapery of
crimson velvet, which still further shut the daylight out of the
usually dim nave; and in the centre of this roseate twilight there
blazed a multitude of tapers--thousands of tapers--so closely crowded
that they seemed like a great sun flaming out amidst a rain of stars.
This blaze was that of the altar, set on a platform in the centre of
the transept. Thrones were placed on the right and left of it. Over
the higher of the two thrones a spreading canopy of velvet lined with
ermine showed like a huge bird with snowy breast and purple wings.
The church was filled with a glittering crowd, bright with gold and
jewels. Near the altar a group of clergy, bishops with mitres and
croziers, formed, as it were, a glory, one of those dazzling splendours
which suggest heaven itself. Around the altar princes, princesses and
great dignitaries were ranged in sovereign pomp and circumstance.
Then tiers of seats had been set up in the arms of the transept, for
the Diplomatic body and the Senate, on the right, and for the Corps
Législatif and the Council of State on the left; while representative
bodies of every kind crowded the rest of the nave, and ladies displayed
their bright, variegated gowns in the galleries above. A sanguineous
haze floated over everything. The heads which showed in tiers on all
sides had the roseate hue of painted porcelain. The dresses, the satin
and silk and velvet, glowed with a dull splendour as though they would
soon burst into a blaze. Rows of people suddenly seemed to flare. The
whole deep church was like some wondrous furnace.

Then Madame Correur saw an assistant master of the ceremonies advance
to the centre of the choir, where he thrice shouted energetically:
'Long live the Prince Imperial! Long live the Prince Imperial! Long
live the Prince Imperial!'

And as the lofty arches shook with a mighty acclamation, Madame Correur
saw the Emperor standing on the altar steps overlooking the throng. He
stood out black and distinct against the background of blazing gold
which the bishops formed behind him. He was presenting the Prince
Imperial to the people, holding the infant, who seemed a mere bundle of
white lace, aloft in his upstretched arms.

But a beadle suddenly motioned to Madame Correur to retire. She took
a couple of steps backwards, and the next moment saw nothing but one
of the curtains of the porch. The vision had disappeared. The bright
daylight made her blink, and for an instant she remained confused, half
fancying that she had been gazing upon some old picture like those
in the Louvre, some picture baked by age, purpled and gilded, and
depicting people of a past-away time, such as one no longer met in the

'Don't stop there,' Du Poizat said to her, as he led her back to the
colonel and M. Bouchard.

The latter were now discussing the floods, which had caused terrible
destruction in the valleys of the Rhone and the Loire. Thousands of
families had been rendered homeless. The subscriptions which had been
opened on all sides were insufficient for the relief of such great
distress. However, they asserted that the Emperor had exhibited most
admirable courage and generosity. At Lyons he had been seen fording the
low parts of the inundated city, and at Tours he had spent three hours
rowing in a boat through the submerged streets; and everywhere he had
lavishly distributed alms.

'Ah, listen!' interrupted the colonel.

The organ was now pealing through the church, and a sonorous chant
rolled through the porch, whose curtains swayed as the great gust of
sound swept out.

'It is the _Te Deum_!' exclaimed M. Bouchard.

Du Poizat heaved a sigh of relief. They were getting to an end at last!
M. Bouchard, however, informed him that the registers had yet to be
signed, and, afterwards, the Cardinal-Legate would have to give the
pontifical benediction. Some of the congregation were, however, already
leaving. Rougon was one of the first to appear, giving his arm to a
lady of slight build, who had a sallow complexion, and was very plainly
dressed. They were accompanied by a personage who wore the dress of a
president of an Appeal Court.

'Who are those?' asked Madame Correur.

Du Poizat told her their names. M. Beulin-d'Orchère, the president, had
become acquainted with Rougon some time before the Coup d'État, and had
manifested much esteem for him since that period, without, however,
attempting to establish any close intimacy. Mademoiselle Véronique,
his sister, lived with him in a house in the Rue Garancière, which she
seldom left except to attend low mass at Saint Sulpice.

'Ah!' said the colonel, lowering his voice, 'that is the wife for

'Exactly,' assented M. Bouchard. 'She has got a suitable fortune; her
family is good, and she is a steady-going woman of experience. He will
never find a wife more fitted for him.'

Du Poizat, however, protested. The lady, he said, was as over-ripe as a
forgotten medlar. She was at least thirty-six years of age, and looked
forty. A nice broom-handle in all truth! A devotee with hair brushed
smooth and smug! As faded and as washed-out as though she had been
soaking her head in holy water for the last six months!

'You are young,' rejoined the head-clerk, gravely. 'Rougon ought to
make a sensible marriage. I myself married for love, but that does not
succeed with everyone.'

'Oh! I don't apprehend any danger from the lady herself,' continued
Du Poizat; 'it's Beulin-d'Orchère's look that alarms me. He's got a
regular dog's jaw. Just look at him with his heavy muzzle and forest
of woolly hair, without a single silver thread in it, in spite of his
fifty years. What's he thinking about, I wonder? Why does he still
drive his sister into Rougon's arms now that our friend is out of

M. Bouchard and the colonel kept silent, and exchanged uneasy glances.
Was 'the dog,' as the ex-sub-prefect called him, going to make Rougon
his own prey?

However, Madame Correur slowly opined: 'It is a good thing to have the
judicial bench on one's side.'

Meantime, Rougon was conducting Mademoiselle Véronique to her carriage,
and, before she got into it, he bowed to her. Just at that moment the
fair Clorinde came out of the church, leaning upon Delestang's arm.
She became quite grave, and cast a fiery glance at that tall sallow
creature, the door of whose carriage Rougon was gallantly closing,
notwithstanding his senatorial uniform. And as soon as the carriage had
gone off, Clorinde dropped Delestang's arm, and stepped straight up
to the great man, breaking out into her old gay laugh. All the others

'I have lost my mother!' merrily said the girl to Rougon. 'She has been
carried off somewhere in the crowd. Will you give me a little corner in
your brougham?'

At this Delestang, who had hoped to take her home, seemed very much
annoyed. She was wearing a dress of orange silk, brocaded with
such showy flowers that the very footmen stared at her. Rougon had
immediately granted her request, but they had to wait for the brougham
for another ten minutes. And they all remained standing where they
were, even Delestang, though his carriage was in the first row, only
a yard or two away. In the meanwhile the congregation continued to
leave the church. M. Kahn and M. Béjuin, who were passing, came up and
joined the group. And as the great man shook hands in a listless way,
and looked somewhat out of sorts, M. Kahn asked with anxious concern:
'Aren't you feeling well?'

'Oh, yes,' he answered, 'but those lights inside there rather dazed
me.' He remained silent for a moment, and then continued in a low
voice: 'It was a splendid sight. I never saw such an expression of
happiness upon a man's face before.'

He was referring to the Emperor, and, as he spoke, he slowly spread
out his arms with a sweeping majestic gesture, as though he were
recalling the scene in the church. But he added not a word, and the
others likewise kept silence. They formed quite a little group in a
corner of the square. In front of them the stream of people leaving
the church grew larger; there were judges in their robes, officers and
functionaries in full uniform, a crowd of belaced and bedizened and
decorated personages who trod over the flowers strewing the square,
amidst the calls of footmen and sudden rolling of carriage-wheels.
The soaring glory of the Empire blazed, as it were, in the crimson
of the setting sun; and the towers of Notre Dame, all roseate and
musical, seemed to attest the lofty peace and greatness to which the
future reign of the child, baptized beneath their shadow, would some
day attain. But in Rougon's group, the splendour of the ceremony, the
pealing bells, the streaming banners, and the enthusiasm of the city
only aroused feelings of envy and desire. For the first time Rougon
himself felt the chilly weight of the disfavour into which he had
fallen. His face was very pale, and, as he stood there deep in thought,
he envied the Emperor.

'Well, good afternoon; I'm off! I can't stand it any longer!' exclaimed
Du Poizat, shaking hands with the others.

'What's the matter with you to-day?' asked the colonel, 'you seem very

But the sub-prefect quietly replied, as he went away: 'Well, you can
scarcely expect me to be in very high spirits. I saw in the _Moniteur_
this morning that that ass of a Campenon has been appointed to the
prefecture which was promised to me.'

The others exchanged glances. Du Poizat was quite right. They had no
share in the fête. They were all left out in the cold. Ever since the
birth of the prince, Rougon had promised them a shower of presents
for the day of the christening. M. Kahn was to have had his railway
grant; the colonel was to have had a commander's cross, and Madame
Correur was to have had the five or six tobacco-shops for which she
had asked. And now they were all huddled there in a corner of the
square, empty-handed. At this thought they cast such a distressful and
reproachful look at Rougon, that the latter shrugged his shoulders
furiously. And as his brougham at last drew up, he hastily pushed
Clorinde inside, got in himself, and closed the door with a bang, never
saying a word.

'There's Marsy under the porch,' muttered M. Kahn, dragging M. Béjuin
on one side. 'How arrogant the rascal looks! Don't show him your face;
it would only give him the opportunity of cutting us.'

Delestang had hastily got into his carriage in order to follow Rougon's
brougham. M. Bouchard, however, waited for his wife, and when the
church was empty he was surprised at not seeing her appear; however, he
went off with the colonel, who had grown equally tired of waiting for
his son Auguste. As for Madame Correur, she accepted the escort of a
lieutenant of dragoons, who came from her own part of France, and who
was to some extent indebted to her for his epaulets.

Meanwhile, inside the brougham, Clorinde was prattling enthusiastically
about the ceremony that had just taken place; while Rougon leaned
back with sleepy eyes and listened to her. She had seen the Easter
solemnities at Rome, she told him, but they were not finer than what
she had just beheld. And she added that, for her, religion lay in
a vision of heaven with God the Father seated on His throne like a
glittering sun amidst the glory of His encircling angels, a host of
lovely youths and maidens. But all at once she broke off to inquire:
'Are you going to the banquet which the city is giving to their
majesties to-night? It will be magnificent.'

She had got an invitation herself, and meant to wear a pink dress,
brocaded with forget-me-nots. M. de Plouguern was going to take her,
as her mother would not go out at night on account of the headaches to
which she was so subject. However, she suddenly changed her subject
again, asking abruptly: 'Who was that judge you were with just now?'

Rougon raised his head, and said all in a breath: 'Monsieur
Beulin-d'Orchère, fifty years of age, of a legal family, began as
public prosecutor's assessor at Montbrison, was afterwards public
prosecutor at Orleans, advocate-general at Rouen, a member of a
mixed commission in 1852, and then came to Paris as councillor at the
Appeal Court, of which he is now the president. Oh! I was forgetting;
he approved of the decree of the twenty-second of January, 1852,
confiscating the property of the Orleans family. There, are you

Clorinde began to laugh. He was making fun of her, she said, just
because she asked for information; but there was nothing foolish--was
there?--in asking about people whom one was liable to meet. She did
not say a word about Mademoiselle Beulin-d'Orchère; but again began
to talk of the banquet at the Hôtel de Ville. The grand gallery would
be decorated with unheard-of magnificence, and a band would play
the whole time the guests were dining. Ah! France was truly a great
country! Nowhere, neither in England, nor in Germany, nor in Spain, nor
in Italy, had she seen such wonderful balls, such prodigious galas.
She had quite made up her mind now, she said, her face beaming with
admiration; she meant to be a Frenchwoman.

'Oh, look!' she cried; 'there are some soldiers there!'

The brougham, after rolling along the Rue de la Cité, had now been
stopped at the end of the Pont Notre Dame by a regiment which was
marching back to its quarters. It was one of the line. The soldiers,
all of them little fellows, were hastening on like sheep, their march
being somewhat irregular by reason of the trees planted along the
roadside. They had been keeping the line for the procession; their
faces were scorched by the hot afternoon sun; their feet were white
with dust; and their backs bent beneath the weight of their knapsacks
and rifles. And they had felt so bored amid the jostling of the crowd
that they still looked dazed and stupid.

'I adore the French army,' said Clorinde enthusiastically, as she leant
forward to get a better view.

Rougon roused himself, and in his turn looked out of the window. It was
the power of the Empire that was passing through the dust. A great many
carriages had now gathered together on the bridge, but the coachmen
respectfully waited for the soldiers to pass, and distinguished
personages in gala costumes smiled sympathisingly at the little fellows
who were so stupefied by their long day's work.

'Do you see those in the rear?' exclaimed Clorinde. 'There's a whole
row of them without a hair on their faces. How nice they look!'

Then, in her enthusiasm, she began to kiss her hands to the little
soldiers from the depths of the brougham. She lay back a little so that
she might not be seen. Rougon smiled in a paternal manner. He, too, had
just felt a thrill of pleasure, the first he had known during the whole

'What's going on here?' he exclaimed, when the brougham was at last
able to turn the corner of the quay.

A considerable crowd had formed on the footway and in the road, and the
brougham had to stop again. A voice in the throng was heard saying:
'It's a drunken man who has insulted the soldiers. The police have just
taken him into custody.'

Then, as the crowd parted, Rougon caught sight of Gilquin, dead-drunk,
and held by a couple of policemen. His yellow duck clothes were torn,
and his naked flesh showed through the rents. But he still retained his
garrulous joviality and scarlet face. He addressed the policemen in the
most familiar fashion, calling them his little lambs. He told them that
he had been quietly spending the afternoon in a neighbouring café with
some very rich people, and referred them for inquiries to the Palais
Royal theatre, where M. and Madame Charbonnel, who had gone to see _Les
Dragées du Baptême_, would readily confirm his statement.

'Come, let me go, you jokers!' he cried, suddenly stiffening himself.
'Confound it all, the café's close at hand; come with me there, if you
don't believe me. The soldiers insulted me. There was a little scamp
who laughed at me, and I shut him up. But for me to insult the French
army! Never! Just you mention the name of Théodore to the Emperor and
hear what he says. Ah! you're a nice set, you are!'

The crowd roared with amusement, while the imperturbable policemen
slowly dragged Gilquin towards the Rue Saint Martin, where the red lamp
of a police-station could be seen. Rougon had hastily thrown himself
back in his brougham, but Gilquin, raising his head, caught sight
of him. Then, drunk though he was, he again became good-natured and
prudent, and casting a glance at Rougon, exclaimed, so that the latter
might hear him: 'Well, well, my friends: I might get up a scandal if I
liked, but I've too much self-respect. Ah, you wouldn't lay your hands
on Théodore in this way if he drove about with princesses as a citizen
of my acquaintance does. All the same, however, I've worked with great
people, and cleverly, too, though I don't want to boast about it,
and never asked for a big reward. But I know my own worth, and that
consoles me for other people's meanness. Ah, confound it, are friends
no longer friends, then?'

He spoke with growing emotion, his speech impeded by hiccoughs, while
Rougon quietly beckoned to a man wearing a closely buttoned coat, whom
he saw standing near his brougham, and, after whispering a few words
to him, gave him Gilquin's address, 17 Rue Virginie, Grenelle. And
thereupon the man--a detective--stepped up to the officers as though he
were about to help them with the drunkard who had begun to struggle.
However, the crowd was greatly surprised to see the policemen turn to
the left and bundle Gilquin into a cab, whose driver, after receiving
an order, drove away along the Quai de la Mégisserie. Gilquin, however,
thrust his huge unkempt head from the window, and, with a burst of
triumphant laughter, shouted: 'Long live the Republic!'

When the crowd had dispersed, the quays resumed their wonted
tranquillity. Paris, weary of enthusiasm, had gone off to dinner. The
three hundred thousand sight-seers, who had struggled and crowded
there, were now invading the restaurants by the water-side and those of
the district of the Temple. None but country cousins paced the deserted
pavements, quite knocked up and at a loss where to dine. Down below,
in the floating laundry the washerwomen were finishing their work with
vigorous blows. A last ray of sunlight still gilded the towers of Notre
Dame, which now rose quite silent above the houses already dark with
shadow. And through the slight mist ascending from the Seine, nothing
could be distinguished among the grey mass of buildings, on the Ile
Saint Louis, save the giant great-coat, that colossal advertisement
hanging seemingly from some nail on the horizon, and looking like the
garment of a Titan, whose body had been pulverised by the thunderbolts
of Jove.



One morning towards eleven o'clock, Clorinde called at Rougon's house
in the Rue Marbeuf. She was on her way back from the Bois, and a groom
held her horse at the door. She went straight into the garden, turned
to the left, and halted in front of the open window of the study in
which the great man sat at work.

'Ah! I've taken you by surprise!' she exclaimed.

Rougon quickly raised his head. The girl stood laughing in the warm
June sunshine. Her riding-habit of heavy blue cloth made her seem
taller. She was carrying its long train over her left arm, and its
tight-fitting corsage clung to her shoulders and breast and hips like
skin. She wore linen wristbands and collar, and a narrow necktie
of blue silk, while atop of her rolled-up hair a tall silk hat was
jauntily perched with a veil of bluish gauze powdered with the golden
dust of the sunlight.

'What, is it you?' cried Rougon, hastening to her. 'Pray come in!'

'No, no,' she answered; 'don't disturb yourself, I have only a word to
say to you. My mother will be expecting me back to lunch.'

This was the third time that she had come in this way to Rougon's house
in defiance of all propriety. She made a point, however, of remaining
in the garden; and upon the previous occasions, as upon this one,
she had come in her riding-habit, a costume which seemed to confer
masculine privileges upon her.

'I've come to beg,' she said. 'I want you to buy some lottery tickets.
We are getting up a lottery for the benefit of some poor girls.'

'Oh, indeed; well, come in,' repeated Rougon, 'you can tell me all
about it.'

She had kept her whip in her hand, a slight delicate whip with a little
silver handle. And on hearing him she again began to laugh while gently
tapping her skirt with her whip.

'Oh, I've told you all there is to tell,' said she. 'You must take some
tickets. That's all I came for. I've been looking for you for the last
three days without finding you, and the drawing takes place to-morrow.'
Then, as she took a little case out of her pocket, she inquired: 'How
many tickets would you like?'

'Not one, if you won't come in!' cried Rougon. And he continued,
playfully: 'We can't transact business at the window, you know, and I'm
not going to hand you money out as though you were some beggar-woman.'

'Oh, I don't object, as long as I get it.'

But Rougon remained firm. She looked at him for a moment in silence,
and then resumed: 'If I come in, will you promise to take ten tickets?
They are ten francs each.'

However, she did not make up her mind without some further hesitation,
and she even cast a hasty glance round the garden. There was a
gardener on his knees planting a bed of geraniums. Then she smiled
slightly and stepped towards the little flight of steps upon which the
folding-window of the study opened. Rougon held out his hand and drew
her into the middle of the room.

'Are you afraid that I shall eat you?' he asked her. 'You know very
well that I am the most submissive of your slaves. What are you
frightened of?'

'I! I'm not afraid of anything,' she replied again, tapping her skirts
with her whip, which she then laid upon a couch in order to fumble in
her little case once more. 'You'll take ten, won't you?' she asked.

'I will take twenty, if you wish it,' he replied; 'but do, please, sit
down and let us have a little chat. You surely don't want to be off at

'Well, then, it shall be a ticket a minute. If I stay a quarter of
an hour, you will have to take fifteen tickets, and if I stay twenty
minutes, you will have to take twenty tickets, and so on as long as I
stay. Is that agreed?'

They laughed merrily over this arrangement, and Clorinde thereupon
seated herself in an easy chair in the very embrasure of the window
which remained open. Rougon, on his side, resumed his seat at his table
in order to put her at her ease. Then they began to talk, taking the
house for their first subject. Clorinde glanced out of the window and
remarked that the garden was rather small, but very charming, with its
central lawn and clumps of evergreens. Then Rougon began to describe
the house to her. On the ground-floor, said he, were his study, a
large drawing-room, a small one, and a very handsome dining-room. On
the first-floor there were seven bedrooms, and as many on the second.
Although to some people the house might seem a very small one, it was
much too big for him, he declared. At the time when the Emperor had
made him a present of it he had been engaged to marry a widow, chosen
by his Majesty himself; but the lady had died, and now he intended to
remain a bachelor.

'Why?' asked Clorinde, looking him straight in the face.

'Oh! I've other things to do than to get married. When a man reaches my
age, he no longer thinks about a wife.'

'Don't be so affected,' replied Clorinde, with a shrug of her shoulders.

They had become intimate enough to talk very freely together. Clorinde
declared that she believed Rougon to be amorously inclined, but he
defended himself, and told her of his early times, of the years he had
spent in bare rooms, which never a woman entered. Still, she went on
questioning him about his lady-loves with childish curiosity, and he
again and again replied with a shrug of the shoulders.

'No! no wife for me!' he cried at last, though his eyes were glistening
at the sight of Clorinde's careless attitude.

A peculiar smile played on the girl's lips as she lay back in her
chair. There was an expression of soft languor on her face, and her
bosom gently heaved. When she replied, it was with an exaggerated
Italian accent, and in a sort of singing voice. 'Nonsense, my friend;
you adore us, I know. Will you bet me that you aren't married by this
time next year?'

She was really provoking, so certain did she seem to be of conquering
him. For some time past she had been calmly offering herself to Rougon.
She no longer attempted to disguise her snares and the clever way in
which she had worked upon him before laying siege to his desires. She
considered that he was now sufficiently overcome for her to bring the
matter to an issue. It was a real duel that was going on between them,
and although the conditions of the combat were not mentioned in actual
words, there were unmistakable confessions in their glances. When they
looked at each other they could not refrain from smiling. Clorinde had
set her eyes upon her goal and went straight towards it, with a haughty
boldness; while Rougon, infatuated though he was, resolved to play a
wily game in order to prove his superiority. Their pride was engaged
in the struggle quite as much as their passions were.

'With us in Italy,' resumed Clorinde in a low tone, 'love is the great
business of life. Young girls of twelve already have their lovers. For
myself, I have travelled about so much, that I've almost become a man.
But if you could only have seen mamma when she was young! She was so
lovely that people came from long distances to see her, but she seldom
if ever left her house. There was a count who stayed at Milan expressly
for six months without catching sight of her hair even. The fact is,
that Italian women are very different from French women, who are always
chattering and gadding about. An Italian woman remains with the man
she has chosen. But I have travelled so much, that I really don't know
whether I haven't lost that instinct or not; still I think that I could
love very strongly; ah, yes, with all my heart and soul.'

She had let her eyelids fall, and her face glowed as with a voluptuous
ecstasy. While she was speaking, Rougon had left his table as though
attracted by some force which he could not withstand, and his hands
were trembling. But when he got near to Clorinde, the girl opened her
eyes again and gave him a quiet glance. Then, as she looked at the
clock, she said with a smile: 'This makes ten tickets.'

'Ten tickets! what do you mean?' asked Rougon, quite confused.

When he had recovered his self-possession, she burst into a laugh. It
delighted her to bewitch him and intoxicate him in this way, and when
he opened his arms to clasp her, to elude him with a laugh. She seemed
in high glee. At this Rougon turned very pale, and cast a furious
glance at her, which only served to increase her merriment. 'Well, I
think I'd better be off now,' she said. 'You're not polite enough for
ladies' society. No, really, my mother will be expecting me.'

Rougon, however, had resumed his paternal manner, and told her that she
must spare him another five minutes. He had got tired of the work he
was doing when she came in, he said; it was a report to be presented
to the Senate on certain petitions. Then he began to talk to her about
the Empress, for whom she professed enthusiastic devotion. The Empress,
said he, had been at Biarritz for the last week. At this the girl again
leant back in her arm-chair and began to chatter. She knew Biarritz
very well; she had once spent a season there, before it had become such
a fashionable watering-place; and she very much regretted that she was
unable to revisit it while the Court was there. Then she went on to
describe a meeting of the Academy to which M. de Plouguern had taken
her on the previous day. An author had been admitted as a member, and
she made many jokes at the expense of his baldness. She had a horror of
books, she declared. Whenever she tried to read, she had to go off to
bed, suffering from terrible nervous attacks. She could not understand
what she read. Then, on Rougon telling her that the author received at
the Academy on the previous day was an enemy of the Emperor's, and that
his discourse had swarmed with abominable allusions, she seemed quite

'Why, he looked such a nice man!' she exclaimed.

But Rougon also had begun to inveigh against books. A novel had just
been published, he said, which had aroused his utmost indignation. It
was a work of the most depraved kind, which, while claiming to portray
the exact truth, dragged the reader through all the wild fancies of an
hysterical woman.[8] The word hysterical seemed to please him, for he
repeated it three times; but when Clorinde asked him to explain what he
meant by it, he refused to answer, suddenly becoming very prudish.

'Everything may be said,' he continued, 'only there is a fitting
way of saying it. In administrative matters, for instance, we are
frequently obliged to tackle very delicate subjects. I have read,
for example, reports upon certain matters which have been very
precise, very detailed; but they have been written in a clear, simple,
straightforward style, so that there was nothing unchaste or impure
about the document. But our present-day novelists have adopted a style
which is full of suggestiveness, a manner of describing things which
makes it appear as if they were actually going on before you. They call
that art. To me it seems to be simply indecency and bad taste.'

Then he went on to speak of authors, whom he had never read, but whom,
like many other people, he accused of the grossest immorality. And
yet while he was thus prating of virtue and denouncing vice, he was
cleverly manœuvring to get behind Clorinde's chair without her being
aware of it. The girl was gazing at the ceiling with an expression of
absent-mindedness. 'Oh, as for novels,' she murmured, 'I have never
even opened one. They are all a pack of falsehoods. You don't know
_Leonora, the Gipsy_, do you? It is a pretty book. I read it in Italian
when I was quite little. It is about a young girl who ends by marrying
a lord. She is captured by brigands to begin with----'

However, a slight grating sound behind her made her start and turn her
head: 'What are you doing?' she asked.

'I am pulling the blind down,' replied Rougon; 'I was afraid the sun
was inconveniencing you.'

The girl was, indeed, sitting in a flood of sunlight, whose dancing
dust gilded her corsage as with luminous down. 'Please leave the blind
alone,' she cried, 'I love the sun. I feel as though I were in a warm

Then she raised herself in her chair and glanced into the garden. But
when she saw the gardener still kneeling there, with the back of his
blue blouse turned towards them, she reverted to her reclining attitude
again, smiling, and easy once more. Rougon, who had followed her
glance, left the blind as it was, and the girl began to banter him. He
was just like an owl, she said, to be so fond of darkness. However, he
showed no resentment, but began to pace the room, swaying about like a
bear contemplating some wily act of treachery.

'Oh, come and look here,' he said at last, pointing to a large
photograph; 'you haven't seen my last portrait, have you?'

But she merely smiled, and replied: 'Oh! I can see it very well from
here; and, besides, you've shown it to me before.'

Rougon was not yet discouraged. He drew down the blind of the other
window, and invented several reasons to induce the girl to go into the
shady corner which he had made by doing so. She would be much more
comfortable there, he told her. But Clorinde, despising this obvious
snare, merely shook her head. Then Rougon came and stood in front of
her; and, dropping all attempts at stratagem, said straightforwardly:
'Oh, by the way, I want to show you my new horse, Monarque. You know
that I have been making an exchange. You are fond of horses, and you
shall tell me what you think of him.'

But the girl still refused to move. Then Rougon began to press her. The
stable was only a few yards away. It wouldn't take her more than five
minutes at the most. She continued to refuse, however, and thereupon
Rougon murmured with a touch of scorn in his voice: 'What! are you

At this she started up, as though lashed with a whip. She looked very
grave and somewhat pale.

'Let us go and look at Monarque,' she said quietly.

As she gathered up the train of her riding-habit she fixed her eyes
upon Rougon's, and for a moment they remained gazing at each other
as if to read each other's thoughts. It was a challenge given and
accepted, without any pretence of concealment. Then she led the way
down the steps while Rougon, by force of habit, buttoned the house-coat
which he was wearing. But the girl had only taken a step or two along
the garden-walk when she stopped short. 'Wait a moment,' she said.

She went back into the room, and when she returned, she was toying
with her riding-whip, which she had left behind the cushion of the
couch. Rougon glanced at the whip, and then slowly raised his eyes to
Clorinde. She was smiling again, and once more she walked on in front
of him.

The stable was at the end of the garden, on the right. When they passed
the gardener, the man was gathering up his tools and preparing to go
away. Rougon, bareheaded in the blazing sun, followed Clorinde, who
went quietly onward, tapping the shrubs with her riding-whip as she
passed them. Neither spoke a word. Clorinde did not even turn her head.
On reaching the stable, she waited while Rougon opened the door, and
then went inside, in front of him. The door, which Rougon swung back,
closed noisily, and Clorinde still smiled, her face wearing an open
expression, in which pride and confidence were clearly to be read.

The stable was a small and commonplace one, with four oak stalls.
Although the slabs had been washed that morning, and the racks and
mangers and other wood-work were kept scrupulously clean, there was a
strong scent about the place, and the atmosphere was warm and damp,
like that of a Turkish bath. From each of the two round dormer-windows
there fell but a pale glimmer of light, and the corners remained wrapt
in gloom. Clorinde, having just left the bright sunshine of the garden,
could at first distinguish nothing; but she kept still, and did not
open the door again for fear lest Rougon should think she was alarmed.
Only two of the stalls were occupied. The horses snorted and turned
their heads.

'This is the one, isn't it?' asked Clorinde, when her eyes had grown
accustomed to the gloom. 'He looks a very nice animal.'

She patted the horse gently, and then slipped inside the stall,
stroking the animal as she went without showing the least sign of fear.
She wanted to see his head, she said; and when she had made her way to
the far end of the stall, Rougon could hear her kissing the horse's
nose. The sound of those kisses exasperated him.

'Come back, I beg you!' he cried. 'If he were to step on one side, you
might be crushed to death!'

But the girl only laughed, kissed the horse more affectionately than
before, and spoke to him caressingly, while he, at this unexpected
fondling, fairly quivered with pleasure. At last she came out of the
stall again. She was very fond of horses, she said, they always knew
her, and never tried to hurt her, even when she teased them. She knew
how to manage them. Some were very skittish, but this one seemed very
steady. Then she stooped down behind the horse, and lifted one of its
hoofs with both hands as if to examine it. The animal remained quite

Rougon gazed at her while she thus stooped before him; but all at once
she felt a slight touch under her arm-pits. She did not even start,
however; she went on examining the horse's hoof, till the touch became
more pronounced, and then letting the hoof drop, she stood up and
inquired: 'What is the matter with you? What has come over you?'

Then, as Rougon suddenly tried to clasp her round the waist, she rapped
his knuckles smartly, and, stationing herself against the wall in front
of the stalls, raised the train of her riding-habit, which was thrown
over her left arm, as a shield, while in her right hand she held her
whip uplifted. Rougon's lips were trembling, but he did not say a word;
Clorinde, however, seeming quite at ease, went on talking freely: 'You
can't touch me, you'll see,' she said. 'When I was younger, I used to
take fencing-lessons. I'm sorry I did not go on with them. Come, look
out for your fingers! There! what did I tell you?'

She seemed to be only in fun. She did not strike Rougon severely, but
just playfully lashed at him whenever his hands came too near. She
was so quick in her defence that he could not even touch her dress.
A perfect hail came clattering down upon him on every side. Before
long he was tingling all over, and stepped back panting, with his face
very red, and drops of perspiration trickling down his brow. Then,
however, his manner changed, and still without a word he advanced
menacingly; but Clorinde, though smiling and talking as before, at once
struck him several smart blows of increasing severity. She looked very
beautiful as she stood there with her skirts drawn tightly, and her
corsage yielding to every movement of her lissom figure. She was like
a sinuous, bluish-black serpent, and whenever she raised her arm to
strike, at the same time slightly throwing her head back, her throat
and bosom formed a charming curve.

'Well, now,' she exclaimed, with a laugh, 'have you had enough? You'll
be the first to tire, I think, my friend.'

But in her turn she suddenly stopped talking. Rougon's eyes were
glaring fiercely now, and his face was quite crimson. Then a bright
light also appeared in Clorinde's eyes, and she seemed to revel in the
whipping she was administering to him. Again and again did she wheel
and slash about her. And at last, as he, goaded to fury, made a yet
more desperate onslaught, she put forth all her strength and cut him
clean across the face from ear to ear.

'Hussy!' he cried, and broke into a torrent of coarse language,
abominable charges, swearing and sputtering, half-choked by his

She did not deign to reply. For a moment she stood there motionless and
haughtily calm like a statue, with her face very pale.

But he burst into a strain of passionate pleading; and thereupon she
looked at him and answered: 'Well, then, marry me!'

At this, however, Rougon, as if recovering his self-possession, forced
a laugh, a sneering, insulting laugh, and shook his head.

Her retort, the only one that womanly pride could dictate, came swift
and forcible. Then neither spoke again.

The horses in the stalls had turned their heads and were snorting,
disturbed by the contest which they had heard. The sun had just risen
high enough to shine through the dormer-windows, and two golden beams
sent sparkles dancing through the gloom of the stable. Clorinde,
now perfectly calm again, slipped up to Monarque's head, with her
whip under her arm. She gave the horse two kisses on the muzzle and
exclaimed: 'Good-bye, old fellow. You, at any rate, know how to behave

Rougon, quite crushed and ashamed, was also now perfectly calm. With
his hands still quivering he straightened his cravat, and felt his coat
to ascertain if it was properly buttoned. Then they walked quietly back
through the garden. Rougon's left cheek was stinging him, and he dabbed
it with his handkerchief. When they reached his study, Clorinde's first
glance was for the timepiece. 'That makes thirty-two tickets,' she said
with a smile.

As Rougon looked at her in surprise, she once more broke into a laugh,
and continued: 'You had better send me off at once. The hand is moving
forward. The thirty-third minute has begun. See, I'm putting the
tickets on your desk.'

Rougon gave her three hundred and twenty francs without a moment's
hesitation. Scarcely did his fingers tremble as he counted out the
gold. It was a fine which he had inflicted upon himself. Then Clorinde,
carried away by the manner in which he put down such a sum of money,
stepped up to him with an adorable expression, offering him her cheek.
And when he had kissed it in a fatherly fashion, she went off, looking
quite delighted, and saying: 'Thank you for the poor girls. I have only
seven tickets left now. My godfather will take those.'

As soon as Rougon was alone again, he sat down at his desk by sheer
force of habit. He resumed his work, and for some minutes wrote and
consulted the papers that were lying in front of him. Then he held up
his pen, and a grave expression came over his face as he gazed blankly
through the open window into the garden. He again saw Clorinde's lithe
form swaying before him like some bluish serpent. She glided on and
entered the room, and sprang up on the living tail which her habit
seemed to form. He saw her quivering as her arms uncoiled towards
him; and gradually the room seemed full of her presence. Silently,
passionately, it pervaded everything: the carpet, the chairs, the
curtains, diffusing over all a penetrating perfume.

Then Rougon violently threw his pen down and rose in anger. Was that
girl now going to prevent him from working? Was he going mad that
he should see things which had no existence? he whose brain was so
strong! He recalled to his mind a woman, nigh whom he had many a time
written the whole night long, when he was a student, without even
noticing her gentle breathing. Then he drew up the blind, and to
establish a draught opened the other window and a door on the opposite
side of the room, as though he were stifling. And with angry gestures
similar to those with which he would have driven away some dangerous
wasp, he tried to drive away the scent of Clorinde by flapping his
handkerchief in the air. When he no longer noticed it, he drew a deep
breath and again dabbed his face with his handkerchief to assuage the
burning heat which Clorinde had brought there.

He could not, however, go on with the work he had commenced, but still
slowly paced the room, from one end to the other. As he caught sight
of himself in a mirror, he noticed a red mark on his left cheek.
Clorinde's whip had only left a slight scratch behind it, and he could
easily ascribe that to some trifling accident. However, although his
skin revealed but a slight red line, his flesh still smarted with the
slashing, galling cut. So he hastened to a little lavatory, curtained
off from the rest of the room, and plunged his head into a basin of
water. That afforded him considerable relief. He dreaded lest the
whipping he had received from Clorinde should only sharpen his passion.
He felt afraid to think about her till the scratch on his cheek should
be quite healed; the smarting which he felt seemed to descend and
thrill his whole body.

'No! never! I won't!' he said aloud, as he came back into his room. 'It
would be madness!'

He threw himself on the couch and clenched his fists. Then a servant
came in and told him that his _déjeuner_ was getting cold, but he still
sat there, struggling with himself. His stern, set face distended with
the contest that was raging within him; his bull-like neck grew swollen
and his muscles strained, as though silently, within his vitals, he
were striving to suffocate some animal bent on devouring him. The
battle went on for ten long minutes. He could not remember having ever
exerted himself like this before; and, when he got up, he was quite
pallid and his neck was moist with perspiration.

On the next two days Rougon admitted no one to see him. He shut himself
up with a pile of work. He sat up one whole night. Three times again,
when his servant came into the room, he found him lying on the couch,
exhausted and with an alarming look on his face. On the evening of the
second day, however, he dressed to go to Delestang's, where he was
engaged to dine. But, instead of at once crossing the Champs Élysées,
he turned up the avenue and entered the Balbis' house. It was only six

'Mademoiselle isn't at home,' said the little servant Antonia, laughing
like a black goat, as she stopped him on the staircase.

Rougon raised his voice on the chance of making himself heard, and was
hesitating whether he should go down again, when Clorinde appeared up
above, leaning over the balusters. 'Come up!' she called. 'What an
idiot that girl is! She never understands anything that is told her.'

When Rougon reached the first floor, Clorinde took him into a small
room adjoining her bedchamber. It was a dressing-room, with light blue
wall-paper of a flowery pattern, but she had furnished it with a big
dingy mahogany desk, an arm-chair upholstered in leather, and a nest of
pasteboard boxes. Papers were lying about, thickly covered with dust.
The place looked like the office of some disreputable process server.
To accommodate Rougon the girl was obliged to fetch a chair from her
bedroom. 'I was expecting you,' she called out as she went there.

When she came back with the chair, she explained to him that she was
busy with her correspondence. She showed him on her desk some big
sheets of yellowish paper, covered with large round handwriting. Then,
as he sat down, she noticed that he was in evening dress.

'Have you come to ask for my hand?' she said in a playful way.

'Exactly,' he replied. Then he added with a smile: 'Not for myself, but
for one of my friends.'

Clorinde gazed at him doubtfully, unable to tell whether he was joking
or not. She was dirty and untidy, and was wearing an ill-fitting
dressing-gown; but, nevertheless she looked very beautiful, like some
antique statue which is soiled by the dust of a broker's shop, but
whose beauty is beyond the power of dirt to conceal. And while she
sucked one of her fingers which she had just smeared with ink, her
eyes fell upon the slight scar which was still visible on Rougon's
left cheek. Presently she said, in a low voice and with an air of
absent-mindedness: 'I was sure you would come, but I expected you
sooner.' Then, seeming to wake up, she continued in a louder tone: 'So
it is for one of your friends; your dearest friend, no doubt.'

She laughed sonorously. She now felt sure that Rougon had meant
himself. She had a strong desire to touch his scar in order to satisfy
herself that she had really put her mark upon him and that henceforth
he belonged to her. But he took hold of her wrists and made her sit
down in the leather-covered arm-chair.

'Let us have a little talk,' he said. 'We are good friends, aren't we?
I have been thinking a good deal since the day before yesterday. You
have been in my mind the whole time. I fancied that we had got married,
and that we had been living together for three months. You'll never
guess in what occupation I saw us engaged.'

Clorinde said nothing; she felt a little embarrassed, in spite of all
her self-assurance.

'Well, I saw us standing by the fire-place,' he continued. 'You had
taken up the shovel and I had seized the tongs, and we were belabouring
each other.'

This idea struck Clorinde as so comical that she threw herself back in
her chair and burst into ringing laughter.

'No, don't laugh,' said Rougon; 'I'm quite serious. It isn't worth
while uniting our lives just to beat each other. I swear to you that is
what would happen. First there would be blows, and then a separation.
Be quite sure of this, that it is useless trying to assimilate two
strong wills like ours.'

'And so?' she asked, becoming very grave.

'And so I think that the most sensible thing we can do is to shake
hands and make up our minds to be nothing but good friends in the

Clorinde made no reply, but fixed her eyes searchingly and blackly upon
Rougon's. A terrible frown like that of an offended goddess appeared
on her Olympian brow. And her lips quivered slightly with a silent
expression of scorn.

'Will you excuse me?' she said. Then, drawing her chair to her desk,
she began to fold her letters. She used large yellow envelopes, such
as are employed in French government offices, and fastened them with
sealing-wax. She had lighted a taper and was watching the wax blaze.
Rougon quietly waited till she had finished.

'And you came here to tell me that?' she resumed at last, without
desisting from her work.

Rougon in his turn made no immediate reply. He wanted to get a glimpse
of the girl's face. When she at last turned her chair round again, he
smiled at her and tried to catch her eye. Then he kissed her hand, as
though anxious to soften her; but she still remained cold and haughty.

'I told you,' he said, 'that I have come to ask you in marriage on
behalf of one of my friends.'

Then he spoke at length. He loved her, he told her, much more than she
imagined. He loved her particularly because she was intelligent and
able. It cost him a great deal to give her up, but he was sacrificing
his passion for their mutual advantage. He would like to see her ruling
her own house. He pictured her married to a wealthy man whom she would
mould to her own will. She would rule instead of having to surrender
herself. That would be much better--would it not?--than for them to
paralyse one another. He and she could speak out openly to each other.
He ended by calling her his child. She was his perverse daughter, he
said; her diplomatic bent of mind delighted him, and it would distress
him very much to see her career end unsatisfactorily.

'Is that all?' she said, when he finished. She had listened to him
with the greatest attention. And, raising her eyes to his face, she
continued: 'If you want to get me married in the expectation of
anything, I warn you that you are mistaken. Never! I told you.'

'What an idea!' he exclaimed, slightly blushing. Then he coughed, and
took a paper-knife off the desk and began to examine its handle in
order to conceal the trouble he was feeling. But the girl was deep in
thought again, paying no attention to him.

'And who is the husband?' she eventually asked.

'Can't you guess?'

Then a faint smile came to her face once more, and she shrugged her
shoulders, and began to drum on the desk with her finger tips. She knew
very well who it was. 'He is so stupid,' she said, in a low voice.

But Rougon began to defend Delestang. He was a very well-bred man,
and she would be able to do what she liked with him. And he gave her
particulars as to his health and fortune and habits. Moreover, he
promised that he would use all his influence in their favour should he
ever return to power. Delestang was, perhaps, scarcely a man of lofty
intelligence, but he would not be out of place in any position.

'Oh, yes, he'd scrape on well enough; I'm willing to allow that,' she
said, with a frank laugh. And she continued, after a pause: 'Well,
I don't say no; perhaps you are right. Monsieur Delestang is not
distasteful to me.'

She looked at Rougon as she spoke those last words. She fancied she
had noticed upon several occasions that he was jealous of Delestang.
But so far as she could see not a muscle of his face now moved. He
had found strength enough to destroy his passion in two days. And he
seemed quite delighted with the success of his scheme, and again began
to expatiate upon the advantages of such a marriage, as though he
were some shrewd attorney negotiating an affair from which she would
derive especial profit. He took her hands in his own and patted them
affectionately, as he went on: 'It was last night that the idea struck
me, and I said to myself, "It's the very thing!" I shouldn't like you
to remain unmarried. You are the only woman who seems to me to be
really deserving of a husband. Delestang settles everything. With him
one has elbow-room.' Then he added gaily: 'I feel convinced that you
will reward me by letting me see some very wonderful things.'

'Is Monsieur Delestang aware of your plans?' Clorinde now inquired.

Rougon looked at her in surprise for a moment, as though she had said
something which he had not expected from her. Then he calmly replied:
'No; it was no use saying anything to him. I will tell him all about it
later on.'

The girl had just resumed the sealing of her letters. After pressing a
large blank seal upon the wax she turned the envelopes over and slowly
addressed them in big handwriting. And as she tossed the letters to her
right, Rougon tried to read the addresses. The names were mostly those
of well-known Italian politicians. She must have noticed what he was
doing, however, for, as she rose and collected her letters to send them
to the post, she remarked: 'When my mother has one of her headaches, I
have to do the letter-writing.'

When Rougon was left to himself, he began to walk about the little
room. The pasteboard boxes in the stand were all labelled _'Receipts,'
'Letters,'_ and so on, like those of some man of business. He smiled,
however, when among the litter of papers on the desk, he caught sight
of a pair of old split stays. There was a piece of soap, too, in the
inkstand, and some scraps of blue satin on the floor, clippings which
had fallen during the mending of a skirt, and had not been swept away.
The door leading to Clorinde's bedroom was ajar, and Rougon had the
curiosity to peep inside; but the shutters were closed and the room was
so dark that he could only see the shadowy folds of the bed-curtains.
Just then, too, Clorinde came back.

'I must be off,' Rougon said to her. 'I am going to dine with your man
this evening. Do you give me full permission to act?'

The girl made no reply. She had turned quite gloomy again, as though
she had been reconsidering the matter on the staircase. Rougon had
already got his hand upon the balusters, but she brought him back into
the room and closed the door. Her dream was being dispelled, the hope
of which she had felt so sure that only an hour previously she had
regarded it as a certainty. The burning flush that comes from a deadly
insult rose to her cheeks. She felt as though she had received a blow.

'Then you mean it seriously?' she said, turning her back to the light,
so that Rougon might not see how flushed her face was.

When he had repeated his arguments for the third time, she remained
silent. She was afraid that if she began to speak on the subject she
would be carried away by an impulse of wild anger, which she could
feel surging within her, and she feared she might strike Rougon in
revenge for this crumbling away of the future which she had planned for
herself. But it was only a momentary impulse. She was soon calm again,
and then slowly asked, 'You wish this marriage to take place?'

Rougon did not hesitate, but answered in a full clear tone 'Yes.'

'Very well; let it be then.'

With slow steps, they returned to the door and went out on to the
landing, both looking extremely calm. The only signs of Rougon's last
victory over himself were a few drops of perspiration on his brow.
Clorinde held herself erect, certain of her power. They stood looking
at each other in silence for a moment, having nothing further to say,
and yet unable to part. At last, as Rougon took the girl's hand to
say good-bye, she detained him for an instant, and said without trace
of anger: 'You think yourself much cleverer than I am, but you are
mistaken. You will perhaps be sorry some day.'

Her threats went no further. She leant over the balusters and watched
him go down the stairs. When he got to the bottom, he raised his head
and they smiled at one another. She had no thought of taking any
puerile vengeance upon him; she was already dreaming of punishing him
by some splendid future triumph of her own. And as she went back to the
dressing-room, she caught herself murmuring, 'Ah, well! all roads lead
to Rome.'

That very evening Rougon began to lay siege to Delestang's heart. He
told him of some very flattering imaginary remarks which Mademoiselle
Balbi had made of him at the banquet at the Hôtel de Ville; and
afterwards he never wearied of discoursing to him about the young
girl's extraordinary beauty. He, who had formerly warned him so
strongly to be on his guard against women, now did his best to deliver
him over to Clorinde bound hand and foot. One day he would dwell
upon the rare beauty of her hands; on another, he would glorify her
figure, describing it in the most alluring language. Delestang, whose
inflammable heart was already full of Clorinde's image, was soon
stirred by hot passion. When Rougon told him that he himself had never
thought about her, he confessed that he had been in love with her for
the last six months, but had kept silent on the subject from fear of
being too late. He now began to go to the Rue Marbeuf every evening to
talk about her. There seemed to be a general conspiracy against him. He
never spoke to anyone without hearing enthusiastic praises of the girl
he loved. Even the Charbonnels stopped him one morning on the Place de
la Concorde to express their admiration of the 'beautiful young lady
whom they saw about with him everywhere.'

Clorinde, on her side, wore a smiling face. She had planned out her
life afresh, and in a few days had grown accustomed to the new part
she was to play. She did not attempt to win Delestang by the same bold
tactics with which she had tried to subjugate Rougon. She quite changed
her manner, affected soft languor, guileless innocence, and such a
nervous disposition, that too tender a squeeze of the hand would upset
her. When Delestang told Rougon that she had fainted in his arms just
because he had kissed her wrist, the latter pretended to consider this
as a convincing proof of her purity of mind. So at last Delestang began
to think seriously about marrying her, and went to consult Rougon on
the subject. But when the latter found his plans so near realisation
he, just for a moment, felt so hurt and angry that he almost told
Delestang then and there of all that had passed between himself and
Clorinde. However, he refrained, and proceeded very cleverly to work
upon the other's feelings. He did not actually advise him to marry
Clorinde, but led him on to this determination by remarks that seemed
almost irrelevant to the subject. He had been much surprised, he
said, to hear the unpleasant stories which had been circulated about
Mademoiselle Balbi, but he did not believe them, for he had made
searching inquiries without discovering anything to her disadvantage.
Moreover, a man ought not to doubt the woman he loved. Those were his
last words.

Six weeks later, as Rougon came out of the Madeleine, where the
marriage had just been celebrated with great magnificence, he said to
a deputy who was expressing his astonishment at Delestang's choice:
'Well, what could you expect of him? I warned him a hundred times. But
he was sure to be taken in by a woman some day.'

Towards the end of the winter, when Delestang and his wife returned
from travelling in Italy, they learnt that Rougon was on the point of
marrying Mademoiselle Beulin-d'Orchère. When they went to see him,
Clorinde congratulated him very gracefully. He pretended that he was
really taking the step to please his friends. For the last three
months, he said, they had let him have no peace, but had constantly
repeated that a man in his position ought to be married. He added with
a laugh that when his friends came to see him in the evenings, there
wasn't even a woman in the house to pour out the tea.

'Oh! so it's a sudden decision of yours; you never thought of it
before, I suppose,' remarked Clorinde with a smile. 'You ought to have
got married at the same time as we did, so that we could all have gone
to Italy together.'

Then she began to question him playfully. No doubt it was his friend,
Du Poizat, who had suggested this pretty idea. But this was denied
by Rougon, who asserted that Du Poizat was strongly opposed to the
marriage, as he personally abominated M. Beulin-d'Orchère. All the
rest, however, M. Kahn, M. Béjuin, Madame Correur, and even the
Charbonnels, had never wearied of singing the praises of Mademoiselle
Véronique. According to them, she would bring every imaginable virtue,
prosperity and charm into his home. Then he concluded jocosely: 'She
seems to have been made on purpose for me, and so I really couldn't
refuse to take her.' And he added with a subtle smile: 'Besides, if we
are going to have war in the autumn, it is necessary to think about
making alliances.'

Clorinde expressed her perfect approval; and she, too, began to sing
Mademoiselle Beulin-d'Orchère's praises, though she had only seen her
once. Delestang, who had hitherto confined himself to nodding, without
ever taking his eyes off his wife, now commenced an enthusiastic
disquisition upon the advantages of marriage. And he was starting on a
detailed account of his own happiness, when his wife rose and said they
had another visit to make. As Rougon escorted them to the door, she
held him back for a moment, letting her husband go on in front.

'Didn't I tell you that you would be married within the twelvemonth?'
she whispered softly in his ear.



Summer came round. Rougon was leading a life of perfect quietude. In
three months' time Madame Rougon had replaced the somewhat equivocal
tone of the house in the Rue Marbeuf by one of solemn respectability.
An atmosphere of propriety pervaded the rather chilly rooms, where all
was spick and span. The furniture, always in place, the closely drawn
curtains, allowing but little light to enter, and the thick carpets
muffling every sound, imparted an air of almost conventual austerity to
the house. Moreover, everything seemed to have acquired an appearance
of age; it was as if one had entered some ancient musty patriarchal
abode. That tall plain woman exercised an ever-watchful surveillance
over everything, gliding through the subdued stillness of the house
with noiseless steps; and she managed matters in such a discreet ready
way that it seemed as if she had spent twenty years in the place
instead of a few months.

Rougon smiled when people congratulated him. He still asserted that
he had got married on the advice of his friends, and that his bride
was their choice. She made him very happy. He had long desired to have
a quiet decorous home, which might stand forth as a material proof of
his respectability. It freed him from all his doubtful past and placed
him amongst honest men. There was still a deal of provincialism in
his nature, and certain substantially furnished drawing-rooms that he
remembered at Plassans, where the chairs and couches were kept swathed
in white coverings the whole year round, still formed his ideals.
When he called at Delestang's, where Clorinde made an extravagant
display of luxury, he showed his contempt by shrugging his shoulders.
Nothing seemed to him so ridiculous as throwing money, as it were,
out of the window; not that he was miserly, but he said that he could
find enjoyments far preferable to those that were to be purchased
with money. He had committed to his wife the care of their fortune.
Previously he had lived without calculating his expenses, but now
Madame Rougon attended to money matters with the same zealous care as
she showed in managing the house.

For the first few months after his marriage, Rougon lived a life of
seclusion, preparing for the contest which he dreamt of. He loved power
for its own sake, without any hankering for riches and honours. Very
ignorant, and of little skill in things which were not connected with
the management of men, it was only his keen craving for power that
elevated him to a position of superiority. The ambition of raising
himself above the crowd, which seemed to him to be compounded of fools
and knaves, and of leading and driving men by sheer force, developed
most energetic skill and cunning in his heavy nature. He believed only
in himself, took his convictions for reasons, and held everything
subordinate to the increase of his personal influence. Addicted to no
vice, he yet revelled as at some secret orgy in the idea of wielding
supreme power. Though he had inherited his father's massive shoulders
and heavy face, he had derived from his mother, the redoubtable
Félicité who governed Plassans, a strong fiery will and passion
for force which made him disdainful of petty means and commonplace
gratifications. He was certainly the greatest of the Rougons.

When he found himself solitary and unoccupied after years of active
life, his first feeling was one of delightful drowsiness. It was as
though he had had no sleep since the exciting days of 1851, and he
accepted his dismissal as a well-deserved holiday earned by long
service. He proposed to hold himself aloof for six months, which would
give him time to choose a better battle-ground, and then at his own
discretion he could join in the great fight again. But in a few weeks'
time he was already weary of resting. He had never before been so
clearly conscious of his own strength; and his head and limbs became
a source of embarrassment to him now that he was no longer actively
employing them. He spent whole days in pacing his little garden and
yawning wearily, like one of those caged lions whom one sees restlessly
stretching their stiffened limbs. And now he began to know a most
distasteful existence, the overwhelming weariness of which he carefully
strove to conceal. To his friends he professed himself perfectly happy,
and declared that he was well pleased to be 'out of the muddle,' but
his heavy eyelids would rise occasionally in order that he might watch
the course of events, and then again drop over his glistening eyes as
soon as he saw anyone looking at him. What helped more than anything
else to keep him erect was the unpopularity which he realised he had
incurred. His fall seemed to have caused much satisfaction. Not a day
passed without some newspaper attacking him; he was spoken of as the
personification of the _coup d'état_, the proscriptions, and of all the
other violent measures to which people referred in veiled language;
and some writers even went so far as to congratulate the Emperor upon
having severed his connection with a servant who had done his best to
compromise him.

At the Tuileries the feeling of hostility against Rougon was even more
marked. Marsy, now triumphant, assailed him with witticisms which
ladies retailed through the drawing-rooms of Paris. This bitterness,
however, actually comforted Rougon and confirmed him in his contempt
for the human flock of sheep. They had not forgotten him; they detested
him; and that seemed very sweet. Himself against the world! It was a
thought which had a peculiar charm for him; and he saw himself standing
alone, whip in hand, and forcing the yelping pack to keep their
distance. He revelled in the insults which were offered to him, and
held his head higher than ever in his haughty seclusion.

His brawny body, however, was suffering terribly from his enforced
inactivity. If he had dared, he would have seized a spade and dug up
his garden. However, he preferred to commence a long piece of writing
in which he would carefully compare the English constitution with the
Imperial constitution of 1852, with the idea of proving--all allowance
made for the history and political customs of the two nations--that
the French had as much liberty as the English. However, when he had
consulted all the necessary authorities and collected sufficient notes,
he had to force himself into taking up the pen. He could easily have
made a long speech on the subject before the Chamber, but to write a
treatise in which each sentence must be carefully thought out appeared
to him a task of immense difficulty; and one, too, of no immediate
usefulness. To express himself in good literary style had always
embarrassed him, and it was for this reason that he pretended to hold
style in contempt. He only got ten pages of his treatise written, still
he left the manuscript on his desk, though he did not add twenty lines
to it a week. On the other hand, whenever anybody asked him how he
employed his time, he explained his project at great length, and dwelt
on its great import. This was the excuse which he employed to conceal
the hateful emptiness of his life.

Months went on, and he turned a yet more serene and smiling face to
the world. Not a sign of the utter weariness he was suffering did he
allow to appear. When his intimates sympathised with him, he assured
them of his perfect felicity and gave them the most convincing reasons
for it. Had he not everything to make him happy? he asked. He delighted
in study, and now he could work as he listed, which was infinitely
preferable to the feverish agitation of public life. As the Emperor
had no need of his services, he did well to leave him in quietude in
his little corner. He never spoke of the Emperor in other terms than
those of profound devotion. Still, he frequently said that at a sign
from his master he was perfectly willing to take up the burden of power
again, adding, however, that he would not venture on a single step to
provoke that sign. To all appearances, indeed, he was very anxious to
keep aloof. Amidst the quietude of those early years of the Empire,
amidst the nation's strange stupor born of mingled dread and weariness,
he could hear faint sounds as of a coming awakening, and, as a supreme
hope, he reckoned on some catastrophe which would suddenly make him
necessary to the State. He was the man for critical situations, 'the
man with the big paws,' as M. de Marsy had put it.

The Rougons received their friends at their house in the Rue Marbeuf
on Sundays and Thursdays. They chatted in the big red drawing-room till
half-past ten o'clock, at which time Rougon pitilessly turned them out
of doors, for he held that late hours fogged the brain. Exactly at ten
o'clock, Madame Rougon herself served tea. Two plates of little cakes
accompanied the tea, but no one ever touched them.

On the Thursday in the July of that year which followed the general
elections, the whole band was assembled in the drawing-room at eight
o'clock. Madame Bouchard, Madame Charbonnel, and Madame Correur sat
in a circle near an open window to inhale the occasional whiffs of
fresh air which came in from the little garden, and in their midst M.
d'Escorailles related the pranks he had played in his Plassans days,
when he had often gone off to Monaco for twelve hours or so, on the
pretext of taking part in a shooting expedition with a friend. Madame
Rougon, who, dressed in black, sat half concealed behind a curtain,
paid no attention to all this, but would now and again quietly rise and
leave the room. She frequently disappeared for a quarter of an hour
at a time. M. Charbonnel, however, was perched at the edge of an easy
chair near the ladies, in amazement at hearing a young man of high
rank confessing such adventures. At the other end of the room stood
Clorinde, listening inattentively to a conversation on crops which her
husband and M. Béjuin had started. She wore a creamy dress, freely
trimmed with straw-coloured ribbons, and she gently tapped the palm of
her left hand with her fan while gazing at the bright globe of the one
lamp with which the drawing-room was lighted. Meantime, Colonel Jobelin
and M. Bouchard were playing piquet at a card-table, while Rougon, like
a fortune-teller, was consulting a pack of cards in a corner, setting
them out on the green cloth in a grave and methodical manner. This was
his favourite amusement on Thursdays and Sundays, affording occupation
both for his fingers and his mind.

'Well, will it come off?' Clorinde asked with a smile as she approached

'It always comes off,' he replied quietly.

She remained standing on the other side of the table while he dealt the
pack into eight small heaps.

When he had turned the cards over and picked them up in pairs--two
aces, two kings, two queens, and so forth--she remarked, 'Yes, you have
managed it all right. But what did you want the cards to tell you?'

Rougon slowly raised his eyes as though surprised at the question.
'What kind of weather we shall have to-morrow,' he said at length.

Then he began to deal the cards afresh. Delestang and M. Béjuin had
now ceased talking, and the silence was only broken by pretty Madame
Bouchard's rippling laugh. Clorinde stepped up to a window and stood
there for a moment peering into the deepening twilight.

'Is there any news of poor Monsieur Kahn?' she asked, without turning
her head.

'I've had a letter from him,' said Rougon. 'I am expecting him this

Then the conversation turned upon M. Kahn's ill-fortune. During the
last session of the Corps Législatif, he had been imprudent enough
to criticise a government bill rather sharply, as, by authorising a
very dangerous competition in a neighbouring district, it threatened
the Bressuire blast-furnaces with ruin. In this, M. Kahn had not for
a moment imagined that he had exceeded the bounds of permissible
opposition; but on going down to Deux-Sèvres, to prepare for his
re-election, he had been informed by the prefect himself that he was
no longer the official candidate. He had lost favour, and the minister
had just nominated a Niort attorney, a man of most mediocre abilities.
This, of course, was a crushing blow.

Rougon was giving particulars of the matter, when M. Kahn himself came
into the room, followed by Du Poizat. They had both arrived by the
seven o'clock train, and had only taken sufficient time to dine before
coming on to Rougon's.

'Well, what do you think of it?' said M. Kahn, standing in the middle
of the room, while everyone pressed round him. 'Fancy me being a

Du Poizat had thrown himself into an easy chair with a weary air. 'A
nice campaign!' he cried. 'A pretty muddle! It's enough to disgust all
decent people!'

However, the company insisted upon M. Kahn telling them the story in
detail. He related that on his arrival in Deux-Sèvres he had noticed a
sort of embarrassment among even his best friends. The prefect of the
department, M. de Langlade, was a man of dissolute character, whom he
accused of paying attentions to the wife of the new deputy, the Niort
attorney. However, this Langlade had told him of the disfavour into
which he had fallen in a kind enough fashion while they were smoking
their cigars after a breakfast at the prefecture. Then M. Kahn repeated
the conversation which had passed between himself and M. de Langlade.
The worst of the matter, said he, was that his addresses and other
bills were already being printed. He had felt so indignant at first
that he had been inclined to stand all the same.

'Ah! if you hadn't written to us,' interposed Du Poizat, turning to
Rougon, 'we should have taught the government a pretty lesson!'

Rougon shrugged his shoulders. 'You would have failed, and have
compromised yourselves for ever,' said he, as he shuffled his cards.
'That would have been a fine feat!'

'I don't know what you're made of!' retorted Du Poizat, jumping up with
a gesture of indignation. 'For my part, that fellow Marsy is getting
past all bearing. It was you that he was aiming at when he struck our
friend Kahn. Have you seen his circulars to the prefects? A pretty
business his elections have been! He settled them all with bits of
rhetoric! Don't smile! If you had been Minister of the Interior, you
would have managed matters in a very different fashion.'

Then, seeing that Rougon still smiled as he looked at him, he added
yet more violently: 'We were on the spot and saw the whole business.
One unlucky fellow, an old comrade of mine, had the temerity to come
forward as a Republican candidate. You can't imagine the abominable way
in which he was treated. The prefect, the mayors, the gendarmes, the
whole clique, fell foul of him. They defaced and tore his bills and
threw his bulletins into the ditches; they arrested the few poor devils
who distributed his circulars; and they couldn't even leave his poor
aunt alone, a most estimable woman, who was obliged to beg him not to
come to her house any more, as he only compromised her. And as for the
newspapers, they spoke of him as though he were a cut-throat, and now,
whenever he passes through a village, all the women cross themselves.'

Du Poizat noisily drew breath, then flung himself into his chair again
and continued: 'Well, although Marsy has got a majority in all the
departments, Paris at any rate has returned five opposition deputies.
That's the awakening. If the Emperor goes on leaving power in the
hands of that big coxcomb of a minister and those wanton prefects, who
send husbands off to the Chamber so that they may make love to their
wives, why, in five years from now the Empire will be on the verge of
ruin. For my part, I'm delighted with the elections in Paris. They have
avenged us, I think.'

'So, if you had been a prefect----' began Rougon quietly, with such a
slight touch of irony that his thick lips barely curled.

Du Poizat showed his irregular white teeth, and grasped the arms of
his chair with his frail, delicate hands as though he wished to twist
them. 'Oh!' said he, 'if I had been prefect----' But he did not finish.
He again fell back in his chair, and exclaimed: 'It's getting quite
sickening. Besides, in reality, I have always been a Republican.'

The ladies by the window had now turned their heads towards the others,
and were listening to what was being said. M. d'Escorailles held a
large fan, with which he was fanning pretty Madame Bouchard, who looked
quite overcome by the heat. The colonel and M. Bouchard, who had just
commenced a fresh game, ceased playing every now and then to express
their approval or disapproval of what was being said by nodding or
shaking their heads. A wide circle of chairs had been drawn up around
Rougon. Clorinde, listening attentively with her chin resting upon her
hand, did not venture even on a gesture. Delestang, dwelling upon some
tender recollection, sat smiling at his wife; while M. Béjuin, with
his hands clasped on his knees, looked at the ladies and gentlemen in
succession with a scared face. The sudden arrival of Du Poizat and M.
Kahn had stirred up a perfect storm in the quiet drawing-room. They
seemed to have brought with them an odour of opposition.

'Well, in the end I followed your advice and retired,' resumed M. Kahn.
'I was warned that if I persisted I should receive even worse treatment
than the Republican candidate--I who have served the Empire with such
devotion! You must admit that such ingratitude is enough to damp the
enthusiasm of the firmest supporters.'

Then he bitterly complained of a whole string of annoyances and
vexations. He had been anxious to start a newspaper which should
support his scheme of a railway line from Niort to Angers, and which
later on would have become a very useful financial weapon in his hands;
but he had been refused the necessary authorisation. M. de Marsy had
suspected that Rougon was behind him, and that the proposed journal
would be used for attacking his administration.

'They are afraid lest some one should at last write the truth about
them,' said Du Poizat. 'Ah! I would have furnished you with some sweet
articles! It is disgraceful to have such a press as we have, gagged and
threatened with suppression at the first word of complaint it dares
to print. A friend of mine, who is bringing out a novel serially, was
recently summoned to the Ministry, where a head clerk requested him
to change the colour of his hero's waistcoat, as the colour he had
assigned to it was distasteful to the minister. Oh! it's perfectly
true. It's no invention.'

He cited other facts, and told them of terrible stories which
circulated among the people; of the suicides of a young actress and a
relation of the Emperor's, and of an alleged duel between two generals,
one of whom had killed the other, in one of the corridors of the
Tuileries, as the outcome of some story of robbery.[9] 'Would such
stories ever have found any credence if the press had been allowed
to speak freely?' asked Du Poizat; and he added: 'I am a Republican,
decidedly I am.'

'You are very fortunate,' remarked M. Kahn; 'I no longer know what I

Rougon, bending his broad shoulders, had just then commenced a very
elaborate _réussite_. His aim, after dealing his thirty-two cards three
times, first into seven heaps, then into five, and finally into three,
was to bring the eight clubs together. He seemed completely absorbed in
what he was doing, still he pricked up his ears at certain words.

'The parliamentary system afforded us reliable guarantees,' remarked
the colonel. 'Ah! if we could only have the princes back!'

When his fits of opposition were on, Colonel Jobelin was an Orleanist.
He often recounted the engagement of Mouzaïa, when he had fought by the
side of the Duc d'Aumale, at that time a captain in the fourth regiment
of the Line. 'We all got on very well under Louis Philippe,' he
continued, noticing the silence with which his expression of regret was
received. 'Don't you believe that, if we had a responsible cabinet, our
friend here would be at the head of the government within six months?'

M. Bouchard, however, showed signs of impatience. He professed himself
a Legitimist, probably because his grandfather had had some connection
with the Court in former days. Thus, he and his cousin Jobelin often
had heated discussions upon politics. 'Nonsense!' he exclaimed, 'your
July monarchy only existed by dint of expedients. There is only one
real principle, as you know very well.'

Thereupon they began to get rather warm. They made a clean sweep of
the Empire, and each installed in its place the government of his
particular choice. Would the Orleans family, cried Jobelin, have ever
made the decoration of an old soldier a matter of bargain? Would the
Legitimist kings, retorted Bouchard, ever have been guilty of such
unjust favouritism as was now to be seen every day in the government
offices? Thus they went on till they covertly alluded to one another
as fools, when all at once the colonel, angrily picking up his cards,
exclaimed: 'Make less noise, do you hear, Bouchard, and please attend
to the game!'

Delestang, whom the dispute had awakened from his reverie, now felt
bound to defend the Empire. Certainly, said he, it was not everything
that he could wish. He would have liked a government of broader
sympathies. And he attempted to explain his aspirations, which embraced
a somewhat involved form of socialism, with such desiderata as the
extinction of pauperism and the co-operation of the working classes, a
system, in fact, much like that of his model farm of Chamade, but on a
large scale. While her husband spoke, wagging his handsome head with an
official air, Clorinde kept her eyes on him, and slightly pouted.

'Yes, certainly I'm a Bonapartist,' he repeated; 'a liberal
Bonapartist, if you like.'

'And you, Béjuin?' M. Kahn suddenly inquired.

'Oh, I am one too,' replied M. Béjuin; 'there are shades and
distinctions of course, but I am certainly a Bonapartist.'

Du Poizat burst into a shrill laugh. 'Of course, you are!' he
exclaimed. And as they pressed him to explain himself, he continued:
'Oh! you amuse me. You haven't been turned out, you see. Delestang
is still a member of the Council of State, and Béjuin has just been

'That was a matter of course,' said Béjuin; 'the prefect of the Cher--'

'Oh, you are not responsible, I don't accuse you. We all know how these
matters are worked. Combelot, too, is re-elected, and La Rouquette
also. So, of course, the Empire is a magnificent institution!'

M. d'Escorailles, who was still fanning pretty Madame Bouchard, now
felt constrained to put in a word. He defended the Empire from another
point of view. He had adhered to it, he said, because it seemed to
him that the Emperor had a grand mission to fulfil. 'The salvation of
France before everything else!'

'You have retained your berth as auditor, haven't you?' asked Du
Poizat, raising his voice. 'Well, then, there's no difficulty in
guessing your opinions. You all seem terribly scandalised by what I'm
saying; but it is a very simple matter. Kahn and I, you see, are no
longer paid to keep our eyes shut.'

At this the others began to show a little temper. It was disgraceful
to take such a view of politics, they said. There were other things
besides personal interests to be considered. Even the colonel and M.
Bouchard, although they were not Bonapartists themselves, admitted that
a man might be a Bonapartist in all good faith; and they waxed hot in
support of their own principles, as though an attempt was being made
to wrench them from them. As for Delestang, he seemed much offended.
He complained that he had been quite misunderstood, and went on to
point out how he differed from the blind partisans of the Empire. This
led him into fresh explanations of the democratic developments which
he thought compatible with the Emperor's government. Then both M.
Béjuin and M. d'Escorailles objected to be looked upon as Bonapartists
pure and simple. They spoke of many different shades of opinion, each
clinging to his own particular, but somewhat vaguely defined, views.
And thus in ten minutes or so the whole company had gone over to the
opposition. Voices rang out in dispute, and such terms as 'Legitimist,'
'Orleanist,' and 'Republican,' were bandied about amidst repeated
declarations of political faith. Madame Rougon looked in at one of the
doors for a moment, as if somewhat uneasy, and then quietly disappeared

Rougon, however, had now just succeeded in getting his clubs into
proper sequence, whereupon Clorinde stooped and asked him amidst the
general uproar: 'Well, have you managed it?'

'Certainly,' he replied, with his quiet smile. Then, as if he had only
just become aware of the war of words that was going on, he shook his
hand, remarking: 'You are making a lot of noise.'

Thinking that he wanted to say something, the others then ceased
talking, and perfect silence ensued. However, while they waited, Rougon
simply spread thirteen cards upon the table, reckoned them over, and
finally, amidst general attention, exclaimed: 'Three queens, the sign
of a quarrel. A dark woman, who is not to be trusted----'

But Du Poizat impatiently interrupted him. 'Well, Rougon, and what is
your opinion?'

The great man thereupon threw himself back in his chair and stretched
his legs, while raising his hand to his mouth to conceal a slight yawn.
And he raised his chin as though his neck were paining him.

'Oh, I,' he said, with his eyes turned to the ceiling, 'I believe in
the principle of authority. It is a necessity with me. It was born
with me. It is very foolish of you to wrangle. In France, whenever one
gets five men together, it is certain that five different kinds of
government are represented. But that doesn't prevent a man from loyally
serving the established government. That is so, is it not? You're
talking just for the sake of talking.'

Then he let his chin drop and glanced slowly round the room, as he
resumed: 'Marsy has managed the elections very well. You did wrong to
blame his circulars. The last one was an extremely good one. And as for
the press, I think that it has too much liberty already. What kind of
state should we be in, if any one could write everything he liked? I
should have taken the same course as Marsy in refusing to grant Kahn
permission to start a newspaper. It is always unwise to provide your
opponents with weapons. Soft-hearted Empires invariably come to grief.
France requires an iron hand, and is none the worse for being grasped a
little tightly.'

Delestang felt bound to protest against this. 'But, at any rate, there
are certain necessary liberties----' he commenced.

Clorinde, however, made him stop. She had expressed her approval of
all Rougon had said by ostentatious nods. She had even brought herself
forward so that he might see her better, submissive and convinced
before him. And it was at her that he cast a quick glance as he
exclaimed: 'Oh, yes! the necessary liberties! I was expecting that they
would be dragged in! Well, if the Emperor took my advice, he would
never grant a single liberty.'

Then as Delestang again showed an inclination to protest, his wife
reduced him to silence by a threatening frown of her beautiful brow.

'_Never_!' repeated Rougon energetically. And he sprang from his chair
and looked so formidable that no one ventured to speak a word. Then,
however, he dropped down again, and his limbs seemed to grow limp as he
muttered: 'You've made me shout as well----However, I'm only a simple
private citizen now, and have no occasion to mix myself up in it all,
thank goodness. Heaven grant that the Emperor may have no further
occasion for my services!'

Just at that moment the door of the drawing-room was opened, and
Rougon, raising his finger to his mouth, added in a whisper: 'Hush!'

It was M. La Rouquette who entered. Rougon suspected that he came to
the Rue Marbeuf at the instigation of his sister, Madame de Llorentz,
to spy upon what went on there. M. de Marsy, although he had only been
married six months, had just renewed his intimacy with this lady,
whose name had been associated with his own for nearly two years. And
so as soon as the young deputy made his appearance, politics were
set aside and the drawing-room resumed its decorous quietude. Rougon
himself went to fetch a large shade which he placed over the lamp, and
then one saw only the withered hands of the colonel and M. Bouchard
throwing down their cards in the circle of yellow light. At the window
Madame Charbonnel was now telling her troubles in a low voice to Madame
Correur, while M. Charbonnel punctuated each detail with a deep sigh.
They would soon have been two years in Paris, the lady was saying
sadly, and their wretched lawsuit seemed as though it would never end.
On the day before she had been obliged to buy herself six new chemises
and her husband six new shirts, having learnt that the matter had been
again adjourned. Somewhat in the rear of this group, near a curtain,
was Madame Bouchard, who had apparently dropped asleep, rendered drowsy
by the heat. M. d'Escorailles approached her again, and then, as no
one was looking, he had the calm impudence to print a kiss upon her
half-closed lips. At this, she opened her eyes, looking very solemn,
but she kept quite still.

'Oh dear, no!' M. La Rouquette was saying just at that moment; 'I
haven't been to the Variétés. I saw the full-dress rehearsal of the
piece. It's a tremendous success; the music is wonderfully gay. It
will draw all Paris. But to-day I had some work to finish, something I
am preparing.'

He had shaken hands with the men, and had gallantly kissed Clorinde's
wrist above her glove. And he remained standing, smiling and leaning
against the back of an arm-chair. He was irreproachably dressed, and
there was an assumption of solemn gravity in the way in which his
frock-coat was buttoned up.

'By-the-bye,' he said, addressing himself to the master of the house,
'_à propos_ of your great work, I should like to call your attention
to a most interesting paper on the English constitution which has
just appeared in a Vienna review. Are you making progress?'

'Oh, I'm getting on very slowly,' Rougon replied. 'I have got to a
chapter which gives me a great deal of trouble.'

As a rule he delighted to make the young deputy talk, for through
him he learnt all that went on at the Tuileries. He felt sure that
La Rouquette had been sent to his house that evening to find out
what he thought about the success of the official candidates, and he
succeeded in worming a large amount of information out of him, though
he himself did not make a remark that was worth repeating. He began
by congratulating the young man upon his own election, and then kept
up the conversation by occasional nods. La Rouquette, who was fond of
talking, rattled on without a pause. The Court was delighted, he said.
The Emperor had learnt the result of the elections, at Plombières, and
it was said that on the arrival of the telegram he had been obliged to
sit down, as his legs gave way with emotion. But there was one great
source of uneasiness amidst the victory. Paris had shown monstrous

'Pooh! Paris can be muzzled!' said Rougon, stifling another yawn, as
though bored at finding nothing of interest in all M. La Rouquette's

Ten o'clock struck, and Madame Rougon, having placed a small round
table in the centre of the room, began to serve the tea. The company
scattered in little groups about the room. M. Kahn was standing cup in
hand in front of Delestang, who never took tea because it affected his
nerves, and was giving him some additional particulars of his journey
to La Vendée. His great scheme for a railway from Niort to Angers was
no further advanced, he said. However, that scamp of a Langlade, the
prefect of Deux-Sèvres, had audaciously availed himself of it to
influence the constituency in favour of the new official candidate.

Meantime. M. La Rouquette, who had slipped behind the ladies, was
whispering remarks which made them smile; while Madame Correur,
screened by a rampart of chairs, talked somewhat excitedly to Du
Poizat. She asked him about her brother Martineau, the notary at
Coulonges, and the other told her that he had seen him for a moment in
front of the church, looking just the same as ever, with his hard face
and solemn air. Then, as she started on her usual recriminations, he
mischievously advised her never to go home again, as Madame Martineau
had sworn she would fling her out of doors. Madame Correur finished her
tea, feeling quite choked.

'Come, my children, it's time to go to bed,' said Rougon paternally.

It was now twenty-five minutes past ten, and he gave them five minutes
longer. Some of the company, however, withdrew at once. Rougon went
to the door with M. Kahn and M. Béjuin, whom Madame Rougon invariably
charged with compliments for their wives, though she saw the ladies
twice a year at the utmost. Then Rougon gently pushed the Charbonnels
towards the door. They were always greatly embarrassed about taking
their leave. And afterwards, as pretty Madame Bouchard was going
off between M. d'Escorailles and M. La Rouquette, he turned to the
card-table and exclaimed: 'Come, Monsieur Bouchard, they are carrying
off your wife!'

But the chief-clerk, without appearing to hear, went on calling out his
points: 'A major quint in clubs! That's good, eh? Three kings; they are
good too.'

However, Rougon gathered up the cards. 'Come, you've had enough!' said
he. 'Get away home with you. You ought to be ashamed of yourselves for
getting so excited over it. Come, colonel, come.'

It was just the same every Thursday and Sunday. He had to stop them in
the middle of a game, and sometimes even turn the lamp out before they
would give up their play. And they went off, disputing with each other.

Delestang and Clorinde were the last to go, and while her husband was
hunting about the room for her fan, the young woman said to Rougon in
an undertone: 'It is foolish of you not to take a little exercise; you
will make yourself ill.'

However he made a gesture of indifference and resignation: Madame
Rougon was already gathering together the cups and teaspoons. Then as
Delestang shook hands with him, the great man frankly yawned in his
face. In order, however, that they might not think his evening had
bored him, he excused himself by saying: 'Ah! dash it, I shall sleep
well to-night.'

The evenings always passed away in this manner. There was a sombre
atmosphere about the room, and Du Poizat even said that 'it smelt
too much of cant.' Clorinde called very frequently. She often came
by herself in the afternoon to fulfil some commission with which she
had charged herself. She would playfully tell Madame Rougon that she
had come to make love to her husband, and the wife, with a smile
on her pale lips, would leave them together for hours at a time.
They conversed familiarly, without appearing to recollect the past,
exchanging friendly grasps of the hand in the very room where but a
year before Rougon had paced up and down, so restless with passion. But
they seemed to have forgotten all that, and gave themselves up to quiet
friendship. Rougon would push back the young woman's straying hair,
which always seemed to be blowing loose, or help her with the train of
her dress, which was invariably very long and apt to become entangled
among the chairs. One day, as they went through the garden, she had
the curiosity to push the stable-door open. She even entered, giving a
glance at Rougon and laughing lightly. But he merely remarked with a
smile, as he stood with his hands in his pockets: 'How foolish people
can be sometimes!'

Whenever she came to see him, he always gave her good advice. He spoke
much in favour of Delestang, who, on the whole, made a very good
husband. Clorinde said that she had great esteem for him, and he did
not appear to have any cause of complaint against her. She said that
she never flirted, and this was quite true. Her slightest remarks
seemed tinged with indifference, almost with contempt, for men. When
any one spoke of a woman with more lovers than could be counted, an
expression of surprise would come into her big child-like eyes, and she
would ask what pleasure any one could find in such conduct. For weeks
together she seemed unconscious of her beauty, and only recollected it
in some emergency, when she availed herself of it as a weapon. One day
when Rougon, who harped upon the subject with singular pertinacity,
was advising her to keep faithful to Delestang, she ended by getting
angry and exclaiming: 'Oh, leave me alone. I'm quite aware of all
you're saying. Really, you are becoming offensive.' And on another day
she added bluntly: 'After all, it is no concern of yours.'

Rougon blushed, and for some time afterwards said nothing more on
the subject of her duties and the proprieties. A persistent thrill
of jealousy was all that now remained to him of his old passion. He
watched her in the drawing-rooms which she frequented; and, if he had
scented any intrigue, he would probably have warned her husband. As a
matter of fact, when he was alone with the latter, he did try to put
him on his guard, by speaking of his wife's extraordinary beauty. But
Delestang always laughed with an air of fatuous confidence, and it
was Rougon who really endured all the jealous torments of a betrayed

His other counsels, practical ones, testified to his great affection
for Clorinde. It was he who by degrees persuaded her to send her mother
back to Italy. Countess Balbi, left alone in her little house in the
Champs Élysées, had begun to lead a careless life which gave rise to
much talk. Rougon took upon himself to settle the delicate question of
an allowance. The house was next sold, and thus the young woman's past
was wiped out. Then Rougon tried to cure her of her eccentricities,
but in this matter he found himself confronted by utter _naïveté_ and
resolute feminine obstinacy. Clorinde, now that she was married and
wealthy, squandered money lavishly, though she was subject to sudden
impulses of sordid avarice. She had kept her little maid, the dusky
Antonia, who sucked oranges from morning till night; and between them
they made an abominable mess of Clorinde's rooms in the big house in
the Rue du Colisée. When Rougon went to see the young woman, he would
find dirty plates on the chairs, and bottles of syrup strewn along
the floor beside the wall. Beneath the furniture too he could espy an
untidy accumulation of things which had been hastily thrust out of
sight when he was announced.

And amidst the greasy hangings and soiled, dusty wood-work, Clorinde
still indulged in the most extraordinary caprices. She would often
receive her friends wrapt round with a rug, and lying on a couch,
while complaining of the strangest disorders--of a dog, for instance,
which was gnawing at her foot, or of a pin which she had accidentally
swallowed, and the point of which must be trying to force its way
out through her leg. At other times she would close the shutters at
three o'clock in the afternoon, light all the candles, and begin to
dance with Antonia, the one facing the other, and indulging in such
paroxysms of laughter that when Rougon arrived the maid had to stand
panting by the door for five minutes before she could leave the room.
One day too Clorinde determined to remain invisible; she sewed her bed
curtains together from top to bottom; and sat up on the bolster inside
the cage she had thus formed, talking to Rougon for more than an hour,
as calmly as though they had been sitting on either side of the fire.
These extravagancies seemed quite natural to her. When Rougon chided
her for them, she appeared quite surprised, and declared that she was
doing nothing improper. It was in vain that he preached propriety to
her, and promised to make her the most fascinating woman in Paris in a
month's time, if she would let herself be guided by him; she only grew
angry, and exclaimed: 'It's my nature to be like this; I always go on
like this. What harm does it do anybody?' And sometimes she would smile
and say: 'Oh, well, people love me all the same! Don't preach!'

Delestang, indeed, worshipped her. To him she was quite unlike a wife,
but for that very reason exercised the more influence. He shut his eyes
to her caprices, smitten with a terrible fear lest she should leave
him, as she had one day threatened to do. Beneath his meek submission
there was probably a feeling that she was his superior, well able to do
whatever she liked with him. In society he treated her almost like a
child, and spoke to her with the complacency of a serious man. But when
they were by themselves, this handsome fellow, with the haughty head,
would burst into tears if she would not let him kiss her. The only
check he put upon her was to take possession of the keys of the first
floor rooms, in order that the reception apartments might be kept free
from grease and dirt.

Rougon, though he failed in some things, managed to induce Clorinde
to dress a little more like other people. With all her failings she
was very shrewd, with the shrewdness of those lunatics who in lucid
intervals manage to appear perfectly rational before strangers. He met
her at certain houses, looking very demure and reserved, allowing her
husband to do all the talking, and remaining quite decorous amidst the
admiration excited by her beauty. At her own house, Rougon frequently
found M. de Plouguern, and Clorinde would sit between them making
playful remarks, while they poured forth moral disquisitions for her
benefit. Sometimes the old senator would familiarly pat the girl's
cheeks, much to Rougon's annoyance, though he never ventured to express
what he thought on the subject. He was more courageous with regard to
Luigi Pozzo, Chevalier Rusconi's secretary, whom he had frequently
noticed leaving the house at unusual hours. When he hinted to the young
woman that this might compromise her very seriously, she raised her
eyes with a pretty look of surprise, and burst out laughing. She didn't
care for what people thought, she cried. Besides, Luigi counted for
nothing. He was her cousin, and he brought her little Milanese cakes,
which he purchased for her in the Passage Colbert.

It was with politics, however, that Clorinde's mind was chiefly
occupied. Since she had married Delestang, her brain had been busy with
deep and intricate matters, of which no one knew the importance. She
found in them, however, a means of satisfying her craving for intrigue,
which had so long found scope in her attempts to ensnare those whom she
thought to be coming men; and she seemed to be preparing herself in
this way for some yet greater schemes which she had in contemplation.
She kept up a regular correspondence with her mother, who was now
settled at Turin; and went almost every day to the Sardinian legation,
where Chevalier Rusconi took her apart, and talked to her in low tones.
Then too she went on mysterious errands to all parts of Paris, making
furtive visits to great personages, and keeping appointments in the
most out-of-the-way places. All the Venetian refugees, the Brambillas,
and the Staderinos, and the Viscardis, came to see her secretly, and
gave her scraps of paper covered with memoranda. She had bought a large
red morocco case, a genuine ministerial portfolio with a steel lock,
and in it she stowed away a wonderful collection of documents. When
she drove out, she kept it on her knees like a muff; and wherever she
called she carried it about with her under her arm; and she might even
be met early in the morning, on foot, clasping it against her breast
with both her hands. The case soon began to look worn, and it split at
the seams. Then she buckled straps round it. And ever laden as she was
with this shapeless leather case bursting with papers, she looked like
some money-grubbing solicitor running from one police-court to another
in the hope of picking up a petty fee.

Rougon had made several attempts to discover what it was that so
engrossed Clorinde's thoughts. One day when he was left alone for a
few moments with her famous portfolio, he had not scrupled to pull
out some letters which protruded through its gaps. But all that he
could find out in one fashion or another seemed to him so incoherent
and disconnected that he smiled at the young woman's pretensions to
politics. One afternoon, however, she quietly began to expound to him
a vast scheme. She was working to bring about an alliance between
France and Italy, in view of a speedy campaign against Austria. Rougon,
who for a moment was very much struck by this, ended by shrugging his
shoulders at the heap of absurdities which found place in her plan.
He had in no way modified his opinion about women. Clorinde, on her
side, so far as he was concerned, seemed to accept the subordinate
position of a disciple quite willingly. When she went to see him
in the Rue Marbeuf, she assumed an air of submissive humility, and
questioned him, and listened to him with the eagerness of a neophyte
anxious for instruction. For his part, he frequently forgot to whom
he was speaking, and unfolded his theory of government, and talked to
her in the most unrestrained and confidential manner. In fact, their
conversations gradually became a regular habit, and he made her his
confidante, breaking the silence which he observed in the presence
of his best friends, and treating her like a discreet pupil, whose
respectful admiration had a great charm for him.

During the months of August and September, Clorinde increased the
frequency of her visits. She would call on Rougon three or four times a
week, and never had she shown herself so gentle and affectionate. She
paid him the most flattering compliments, eulogised his genius, and
spoke regretfully of the great things which he would have accomplished
if he had not retired. One day, as an idea flashed through his mind, he
said to her with a laugh: 'There's something you want me to do for you?'

'Yes,' she replied candidly.

But she quickly reassumed her expression of admiring wonder. Politics
were much more interesting than novels, she declared. However, whenever
Rougon turned his back for a moment, she would open her eyes quite
widely, and a momentary gleam would flash from them, suggesting some
old feeling of bitterness which still lived on. She often let her hands
linger in his, as though she still felt too weak for what she was
contemplating, and was waiting till she had drained away sufficient of
his strength to be able to throttle him.

However, his increasing lassitude at this juncture was really a source
of much uneasiness to her. He seemed to be falling fast asleep amidst
his boredom. She had made, at first, full allowance for all possible
pretence which there might be in his demeanour, but was at length
forced to believe that he really did feel discouraged. His movements
had grown sluggish, and his voice languid; and sometimes he seemed so
listless and indifferent that the young woman felt quite alarmed, and
seriously wondered if he were not going to abide by his relegation to
the Senate as a played-out politician.

Towards the end of September, however, Rougon seemed very thoughtful.
At last, in one of his customary conversations with Clorinde, he told
her that he was maturing a great scheme. He was growing weary of Paris,
and needed fresh air. Then all at once he spoke out. It was a great
scheme of an altogether fresh life: a voluntary exile to the Landes
of Gascony, the clearing of several square leagues of ground, and the
founding of a new town amidst the conquered territory. Clorinde turned
quite pale as she listened to him.

'But your position here!' she cried; 'your prospects!'

'Bah! castles in the air!' he said disdainfully. 'I have come to the
conclusion that I am not cut out for politics.'

Then he reverted to his pet idea of being a great landowner, with herds
of cattle which he would rule in all sovereignty. But his ambition was
now greater. In the Landes of Gascony he would be like the conquering
king of a new territory. He would have a people under him. He gave
Clorinde all kinds of particulars. For the last fortnight, without
saying a word to anyone, he had been reading technical treatises. And
in imagination he had been reclaiming marshes, clearing the soil of
stones with the aid of powerful machines, checking the advance of the
sandhills by plantations of pines, and dowering France with a tract of
wondrously fertile country. All his dormant activity, all his latent
giant's strength, awoke within him at the thought of this undertaking.
He clenched his fists as though he were already face to face with
rebellious rocks. In imagination he turned the whole soil over at a
single stroke; carried houses completely built on his shoulders, and
dropped them as his fancy listed on the banks of some river, whose bed
he had hollowed out by a single kick of his foot. It all seemed so
easy, and it would give him the work he so much desired. The Emperor,
no doubt, still retained sufficient good-will towards him to let him
reclaim those waste lands. And erect, bracing up his big form, and with
his cheeks aglow, he burst into a proud laugh: 'It is a magnificent
idea!' he cried. 'I shall give my name to the town, and I, too, shall
found a little Empire!'

Clorinde imagined that it was all a mere caprice, a whim born of the
boredom in which he was struggling. But when they subsequently met,
Rougon again spoke of his scheme with even greater enthusiasm than
before. Each time she came to see him, she found him amidst a litter
of maps strewn over the desk, the chairs, and the carpet alike. One
afternoon she was not able to see him, as he was conferring with two
engineers. Thereupon she began to feel really alarmed. Could he really
mean to give her the slip like that and go off and found this town
of his in the wilderness? Wasn't it rather some new stratagem he was
arranging? However, she relinquished her endeavours to ascertain the
truth, and thought it best to give the alarm to the whole band.

There was great consternation. Du Poizat flew into a passion. For more
than a year now he had been living by shifts, and on his last journey
to La Vendée his father had hastily taken a pistol from a drawer on his
venturing to ask him for ten thousand francs to float a magnificent
speculation. So now the ex-sub-prefect was half-starving again just as
in 1848. M. Kahn showed equal anger. His blast-furnaces at Bressuire
were being threatened with speedy ruin, and he felt that he would be
lost if he could not obtain the railway grant within the next six
months. All the others, M. Béjuin, the colonel, the Bouchards, and the
Charbonnels, were similarly upset. Things could not possibly be allowed
to end like that, they cried. Really, such conduct on Rougon's part was
not reasonable. They must talk to him about it.

A fortnight, however, went by. Clorinde, whose ideas were approved by
the whole band, had come to the conclusion that it would be hazardous
to make an open attack on the great man. They must wait for a fitting
opportunity. This they did, and one Sunday evening, towards the middle
of October, when they were all assembled in the drawing-room in the Rue
Marbeuf, Rougon smilingly remarked to them: 'You'd never guess what I
received to-day.'

Then he took a pink card from behind the timepiece and showed it to
them. 'An invitation to Compiègne, from the Emperor,' he said.

At this moment his valet quietly opened the door, and told him that the
gentleman he was expecting had arrived. Rougon excused himself and left
the room. Clorinde had risen to her feet and stood there listening.
Then, as silence fell, she exclaimed, energetically: 'He must go to

The friends glanced round suspiciously; but they were quite alone.
Madame Rougon had gone off some minutes previously. And so in low
voices, and with their eyes fixed on the doors, they began to speak
their minds. The ladies were gathered in a circle in front of the
fire-place, where a huge log was smouldering. M. Bouchard and the
colonel were busy with their everlasting piquet, while the other men
had wheeled their chairs into a corner to isolate themselves. Clorinde
alone remained standing in the middle of the room, her head bent as if
deep in thought.

'He was expecting somebody, then?' began Du Poizat. 'Who can it be, I

The others shrugged their shoulders, as if to say that they did not

'Something to do with this idiotic scheme of his, perhaps,' continued
the ex-sub-prefect. 'One of these evenings, you'll see, I shall tell
him plainly what I think of him.'

'Hush!' exclaimed M. Kahn, raising his finger to his lips.

Du Poizat had raised his voice in an alarming way. For a moment they
all strained their ears to listen. Then M. Kahn himself said in a very
low tone: 'There is no doubt but what he has pledged himself to us.'

'Say, rather, that he has contracted a debt,' interposed the colonel,
laying down his cards.

'Yes, yes; a debt; that is the word,' declared M. Bouchard. 'We didn't
mince matters that last day at the Council of State.'

All the others nodded assent. There was a general lamentation. Rougon
had ruined them. M. Bouchard added, that if it had not been for his
fidelity, he would have got his promotion long ago; and, to hear the
colonel talk, anyone would have imagined that he had been offered a
commander's cross, and a post for his son Auguste, on the part of M.
de Marsy, and that he had simply refused them out of friendship for
Rougon. M. d'Escorailles' parents, said pretty Madame Bouchard, were
much disappointed at seeing their son remain a mere auditor when for
the last six months they had been expecting his promotion to higher
rank. Even those who said nothing, Delestang, M. Béjuin, Madame
Correur, and the Charbonnels, bit their lips and raised their eyes
to heaven with the expression of martyrs whose patience was at last
beginning to fail them.

'Well, the long and the short of it is that we are being defrauded,'
cried Du Poizat. 'But he shall not go away; I answer for that! Is there
any sense in a man setting off and struggling with stones when there
are such serious interests to keep him in Paris? Are you willing that I
should speak to him?'

Clorinde now awoke from her reverie. She waved her hand to obtain
silence; and after opening the door to see that there was no one
outside, she repeated: 'I tell you that he must go to Compiègne!'

Then, as every face turned towards her, she checked all questions with
another wave of her hand: 'Hush! not here!'

She told them, however, that she and her husband had also been invited
to Compiègne, and she made some mention of M. de Marsy and Madame de
Llorentz without consenting to enter into further details. However,
they would push the great man into power in spite of himself, she said;
they would compromise him, if he drove them to it. M. Beulin-d'Orchère
and the whole judicial bench secretly supported him; and M. La
Rouquette had confessed that the Emperor, amidst all the hatred
expressed against Rougon by those who surrounded him, had kept absolute
silence on the matter. Whenever the great man's name was mentioned in
his presence, he became serious and lowered his eyes.

'It is not we alone who are concerned,' M. Kahn now declared. 'If we
succeed, the whole country will owe us thanks.'

Then, raising their voices, they all began to sing the praises of the
master of the house. A buzz of conversation in an adjoining room had
just become audible. Du Poizat was so carried away by curiosity, that
he pushed the door open as though he were going out, and then closed it
again with sufficient deliberation to take a look at the man who was
speaking with Rougon. It was Gilquin, wearing a heavy overcoat in good
condition, and holding in his hand a stout cane with a knob of yellow
metal. He was saying in his full voice, with exaggerated familiarity:
'Don't send any more, you understand, to the Rue Virginie at Grenelle.
I'm at Batignolles now, Passage Guttin. Well, you can reckon upon me.
Good-bye for the present.'

Then he shook hands with Rougon.

When the latter returned to the drawing-room he apologised for his
absence, but gave Du Poizat a keen glance: 'A good fellow, whom you
know, Du Poizat, don't you?' said he. 'He is going to enlist some
colonists for my new world in the Landes. By the way, I mean to take
you all with me; so you had better get your things together. Kahn shall
be my Prime Minister. Delestang and his wife shall have the portfolio
of Foreign Affairs. Béjuin shall be Postmaster. And I won't forget the
ladies. Madame Bouchard shall be Queen of Beauty, and I'll give the
keys of our store-rooms to Madame Charbonnel.'

In this wise he playfully rattled on, while his friends, very ill at
ease, were wondering if he had perchance heard them through some chink
or other. When he proceeded to say that he would decorate the colonel
with all the orders in his gift, the latter almost lost his temper.
Clorinde, however, was looking at the invitation to Compiègne which she
had taken from off the mantelpiece.

'Do you mean to go?' she asked, with an appearance of unconcern.

'Oh, no doubt,' replied Rougon, surprised at the question. 'I mean to
take advantage of the opportunity to get the Emperor to give me my

Just then ten o'clock struck, and Madame Rougon returned to the room
and served tea.



Towards seven o'clock on the evening of her arrival at Compiègne,
Clorinde was engaged in conversation with M. de Plouguern near one
of the windows in the Gallery of the Maps. They were waiting for
the Emperor and Empress before entering the dining-room. The second
batch of the season's guests had scarcely been more than three hours
at the château, and all of them had not yet come down from their
rooms. Clorinde occupied herself by briefly criticising them as they
entered the gallery, one by one. The ladies, in low dresses, and
wearing flowers in their hair, put on smiles as soon as they reached
the threshold; while the gentlemen, wearing white cravats, black
knee-breeches, and silk stockings, preserved a solemn air.

'Ah; here comes the Chevalier!' muttered Clorinde. 'He looks very nice,
doesn't he? But just look at M. Beulin-d'Orchère, godfather! Doesn't he
look as though he were going to bark? And, good heavens, what legs!'

M. de Plouguern began to grin, much amused by this backbiting.
Chevalier Rusconi came up and bowed to Clorinde, with the languid
gallantry of a handsome Italian; then he made the round of the ladies,
swaying to and fro with a series of gentle rhythmical reverences. A few
yards away, Delestang, looking very serious, was examining the huge
maps of the Forest of Compiègne, which covered the walls of the gallery.

'Whereabouts in the train were you?' Clorinde continued. 'I looked out
for you at the station, so that we might travel together. Just fancy,
I was squeezed up with a whole crowd of men.' Then she stopped, and
stifled a laugh with her fingers. 'How demure Monsieur La Rouquette
looks!' said she.

'Yes, indeed; he's like a simpering schoolgirl,' rejoined the senator

Just at that moment a loud rustling was heard by the door, which was
thrown wide open to admit a lady wearing a dress which was so lavishly
adorned with bows and flowers and lace, that she had to press it down
with both hands in order to get through. It was Madame de Combelot,
Clorinde's sister-in-law. The latter stared at her, and murmured: 'Good

Then, as M. de Plouguern glanced at her own dress of simple tarlatan,
worn over an ill-cut under-skirt of rose-silk, she continued, with an
air of complete unconcern: 'Ah! I don't care about dress, godfather!
People must take me, you know, as I am.'

Delestang, however, had quitted the maps, and after joining his sister,
led her to his wife. The two women were not particularly fond of each
other, and exchanged rather stiff greetings. Then Madame de Combelot
walked off, dragging her satin train, which looked like a strip of
flower garden, through the clusters of silent men, who stepped back
out of the way of this flood of lace flounces. Clorinde, as soon as
she was alone again with M. de Plouguern, referred playfully to the
lady's great passion for the Emperor. And when the old senator had told
her that there was no reciprocal feeling on the Emperor's part, she
continued: 'Well, there's no great merit in that; she's so dreadfully
lean. I have been told that some men consider her good-looking, but I
don't know why. She has absolutely no figure at all.'

While talking in this strain, Clorinde none the less kept her eyes upon
the door. 'Ah! this time it must surely be Monsieur Rougon,' she said
as it opened again. But, almost immediately, she resumed with a flash
in her eyes: 'Ah, no! it is Monsieur de Marsy.'

The minister, looking quite irreproachable in his black dress-coat and
knee-breeches, stepped up to Madame de Combelot with a smile, and while
he was paying compliments to her, he glanced round at the assembled
guests, blinking his eyes as though he recognised no one. But, as they
began to bow to him, he inclined his head with an expression of great
amiability. Several men approached him, and he soon became the centre
of a group. His pale face, with its subtle cunning air, towered over
the shoulders clustering round him.

'By the way,' said Clorinde, pushing M. de Plouguern into a
window-recess, 'I have been relying upon you for some information. What
do you know about Madame de Llorentz's famous letters?'

'Only what all the world knows,' replied the old senator.

Then he began to speak of the famous three letters which had been
written, it was said, by Count de Marsy to Madame de Llorentz nearly
five years previously, a short time before the Emperor's marriage.
Madame de Llorentz, who had just lost her husband, a general of Spanish
origin, was then at Madrid, looking after her deceased husband's
affairs. It was the heyday of her connection with Marsy, who, to amuse
her, and yielding to his own sportive proclivities, had sent her some
very piquant details concerning certain august personages with whom
he was living on intimate terms. And it was asserted that Madame de
Llorentz, who was an extremely jealous beauty, had carefully preserved
these letters, and kept them hanging over M. de Marsy's head as an
ever-ready means of vengeance, should he presume to wander in his

'She allowed herself to be talked over,' continued M. de Plouguern,
'when Marsy had to marry the Wallachian princess; but, after consenting
to their spending a month's honeymoon together, she gave him to
understand that if he did not return to her feet, she would some day
lay the three terrible letters on the Emperor's desk. So he has taken
up his fetters again, and lavishes the most loving attention upon her
in the hope that he may get her to give these letters up.'

Clorinde laughed heartily; the story amused her, and she began to
ask all sorts of questions. If the Count should deceive Madame de
Llorentz, would she really carry her threat into execution? Where
did she keep those letters? Was it really in the bosom of her dress,
stitched between two pieces of satin ribbon, as some people said? M.
de Plouguern, however, could give no further information. No one but
Madame de Llorentz herself had ever read the letters; but he knew a
young man who had vainly made himself her humble slave for nearly six
months in the hope of being able to get a copy of them.

'But look at Marsy,' he continued, 'he never takes his eyes off you.
Ah! I had forgotten; you have made a conquest of him. Is it true that,
at the last soirée at the ministry, he remained talking to you for
nearly an hour?'

The young woman made no reply. Indeed she was not listening, but stood
majestic and motionless under M. de Marsy's steady gaze. Then slowly
raising her head and looking at him in her turn, she waited for him
to bow to her. He thereupon stepped up, and she smiled upon him very
sweetly. They did not, however, exchange a word. The Count went back to
the group he had left, in which M. La Rouquette now was talking very
loudly, perpetually speaking of him as 'His Excellency.'

The gallery had gradually filled. There were nearly a hundred persons
present: high functionaries, generals, foreign diplomatists, five
deputies, three prefects, two painters, a novelist, and a couple of
academicians, to say nothing of the court officials, the chamberlains,
and the aides-de-camp and equerries. A subdued murmur of voices arose
amid the glare of the chandeliers. Those who were familiar with the
château paced slowly up and down, while those who had been asked
there for the first time remained where they stood, too timid to
venture among the ladies. The want of ease which for the first hour
or so prevailed among these guests, many of whom were unacquainted
with one another, but who found themselves suddenly assembled in the
ante-chamber of the Imperial dining-room, gave to their faces an
expression of sullen reserve. Every now and then there were sudden
intervals of silence, and heads turned anxiously round. The very
furniture of the spacious apartment, the pier tables with straight
legs, and the square chairs, all in the stiff First Empire style,
seemed to impart additional solemnity to this spell of waiting.

'Here he comes at last!' murmured Clorinde.

Rougon had just entered and stood still for a moment, blinking. He
had donned his expression of good natured simplicity; his back was
slightly bent, and his face had a sleepy look. He noticed at a glance
the faint tremor of hostility which thrilled some of the guests at his
appearance. However, in quiet fashion, shaking hands here and there,
he steered his way so as to come face to face with M. de Marsy. They
bowed to one another, and seemed delighted to meet; and they began to
talk in very friendly fashion, though they kept their eyes on each
other like foes who respected each other's strength. An empty space had
been cleared around them. The ladies watched their slightest gestures
with interest; while the men, affecting great discretion, pretended to
look in another direction, though every now and then they cast furtive
glances at them. Much whispering went on in different corners of the
room. What secret plan had the Emperor got in his head? Why had he
brought those two men together? M. La Rouquette felt sorely perplexed,
but fancied he could scent some very grave business. So he went up to
M. de Plouguern, and began to question him. But the old senator gave
rein to his jocosity. 'Oh,' said he, 'perhaps Rougon is going to upset
Marsy, so it is as well to treat him deferentially. On the other hand,
perhaps the Emperor merely wanted to see them together, in the hope
that something amusing might happen.'

However, the whispering ceased, and there was a general stir. Two
officers of the household went from group to group saying something in
low tones. Then the guests, who had suddenly become serious again, made
their way towards the door on the left, where they formed themselves
into a double line, the men on one side and the ladies on the other. M.
de Marsy posted himself near the door, keeping Rougon by his side; and
the rest of the company ranged themselves in the order of their rank.
Then, keeping perfect silence, they continued waiting for another three

At last the folding-doors were thrown wide open. The Emperor, in full
dress, and wearing the red ribbon of the Legion of Honour across his
chest, came into the room first, followed by the chamberlain on duty,
M. de Combelot. He smiled slightly as he stopped before M. de Marsy
and Rougon, swaying slightly, and slowly twisting his long moustache,
as, in an embarrassed tone, he said: 'You must tell Madame Rougon how
extremely sorry we were to hear that she was ill. We should have much
liked to see her here with you. We must hope that she will very soon be
well again. There are a great many colds about just now.'

Then he passed on. After taking a few steps, however, he stopped to
shake hands with a general, asking him after his son, whom he called
'my little friend Gaston.' Gaston was of the same age as the Prince
Imperial, but was already much more vigorous. The guests bowed as the
Emperor passed them. When he had got to the end of the line, M. de
Combelot presented to him one of the two academicians, who had come
to Court for the first time. The Emperor spoke of a recent work which
this writer had issued, and declared that certain passages of it had
afforded him the greatest pleasure.

By this time the Empress Eugénie had also entered the room, attended
by Madame de Llorentz. She was dressed very simply in a blue silk gown
with a tunic of white lace, and she advanced with slow steps, smiling
towards the ladies and graciously inclining her bare neck, from which
a diamond heart was suspended by a ribbon of blue velvet. The ladies
curtsied to her with much rustling and spreading of their skirts, from
which rose strong perfumes. Madame de Llorentz presented a young woman,
who seemed deeply moved; whereas Madame de Combelot put on an air of
affectionate familiarity.

When the sovereigns had reached the end of the double line, they
retraced their steps; the Emperor now turning towards the ladies, and
the Empress towards the men. There were some more presentations. No
one spoke; respectful embarrassment kept all the guests face to face
in silence. However, when the adjutant-general of the palace entered
to announce that dinner was served, the lines broke up, remarks were
exchanged _sotto voce_, and there came little bursts of cheery laughter.

'Ah! you don't want me any longer now!' said M. de Plouguern in
Clorinde's ear.

She smiled at him. She had kept in front of M. de Marsy in order to
compel him to offer her his arm, which he did with a gallant air. There
was some little confusion. The Emperor and Empress went out first,
followed by the guests who were to sit on their right and left. That
day two foreign diplomatists, a young American lady, and a minister's
wife had been selected for this honour. After these came the other
guests in such order as they chose, each gentleman giving his arm to
the lady he had been pleased to select. And thus the procession got
slowly under way.

The entry into the dining-hall was very pompous. Five cut-glass
chandeliers sparkled above the long table, illumining the silver
centre-pieces, which represented such hunting scenes as the starting of
the stag, the horns sounding the view-halloa, and the hounds seizing
the quarry. Silver plates were disposed round the edge of the cloth
like a border of glittering moons; and the silver warmers reflecting
the blaze of the candles, the glass with its quivering coruscations,
the fruit stands, and the bright pink flower vases, gave quite a
splendour to the Imperial table, a sheeny brilliance which filled the
whole huge room.

The procession slowly crossed the Hall of the Guards before entering
the dining-room, whose folding doors stood wide open. The men bent down
and said a word or two, and then drew erect again, feeling secretly
vain of this triumphal march, while the ladies beamed radiantly, their
bare shoulders steeped in the brilliant light. Their long trains,
sweeping the carpets at regular intervals between each successive
couple, lent additional majesty to the procession, the rustling of all
the rich tissues sounding like a soft accompaniment. As the threshold
of the dining-room was reached, and the superb array of the table came
into sight, a military band, hidden from view in an adjoining gallery,
greeted the company with a flourish, like a signal for some fairy gala,
and, at the sound of it, the gentlemen, who felt somewhat ill at ease
in their short breeches, involuntarily pressed their partners' arms.

However, the Empress passed down the room on the right, and remained
standing by the centre of the table, while the Emperor, going to the
left, took up position opposite to her. Then, when the selected guests
had taken their places at the right and left of their Majesties, the
others glanced round for a moment, and chose what places they liked. On
that particular evening covers were laid for eighty-seven. Some three
minutes elapsed before everyone had entered the room and chosen seats.
The satiny sheen of the ladies' shoulders, the bright flowers in their
dresses, and the diamonds sparkling in their piled-up hair, lent as
it were living mirth to the full light of the crystal chandeliers. At
last the footmen took the Court hats, which the gentlemen had hitherto
carried in their hands; and then everyone sat down.

M. de Plouguern had followed Rougon. After the soup had been served, he
nudged him and inquired--'Have you commissioned Clorinde to bring about
a reconciliation between you and Marsy?'

Then, with a glance, he pointed out the young woman, who sat on the
other side of the table beside the Count, to whom she was talking with
an air of tender interest. Rougon seemed much annoyed, but he merely
shrugged his shoulders, and pretended to look in another direction. In
spite, however, of his attempt at indifference, his eyes strayed back
to Clorinde, and he began to observe her slightest gestures, and even
the movements of her lips, as though he were anxious to discover what
she was saying.

Just then, however, he was spoken to.

'Monsieur Rougon,' said Madame de Combelot, who had got as near to the
Emperor as she could, 'do you recollect that accident when you got a
cab for me? One of the flounces of my dress was completely torn away.'

She was trying to make herself interesting by relating how her carriage
had been nearly cut in halves by the landau of a Russian prince. Then
Rougon was obliged to reply; and for a short time the incident became
the subject of conversation among those placed near the middle of the
table. All kinds of accidents were quoted, and, among others, one which
had happened to a woman, a well-known dealer in perfumery, who had
fallen from her horse during the previous week, and had broken her arm.
The Empress on hearing this raised a slight exclamation of pity. The
Emperor said nothing but listened with a profound expression, while
eating very slowly.

'Where's Delestang got to?' Rougon now asked of M. de Plouguern.

They looked about, and the senator at last caught sight of him at
the end of the table. Seated next to M. de Combelot, among a row of
men, he was listening to the broad conversation which was there being
carried on under cover of the general talk. M. La Rouquette had been
relating a somewhat free story about a laundress of his native place,
and now Chevalier Rusconi was favouring the others with some personal
criticisms of the women of Paris; while one of the two artists and the
novelist, a little lower down the table, bluntly passed judgment on
the ladies whose lean or over-fleshy arms excited their mockery. And
Rougon angrily transferred his gaze from Clorinde, who was growing more
and more amiable in her manner towards the Count, to her imbecile of
a husband, who sat smiling, in a dignified way, at the rather strong
anecdotes with which his ears were being regaled.

'Why didn't he come and sit with us?' muttered the great man.

'Oh! I don't pity him. They seem to be amusing themselves down there,'
said M. de Plouguern. And he continued in a whisper: 'I fancy they are
making merry at Madame de Llorentz's expense. Have you noticed how
indecently she's dressed? Just look at her bodice, how low it is.'

However, as he turned to get a better view of Madame de Llorentz, who
was on the same side of the table as himself, some five seats away,
his face suddenly became very grave. The lady's countenance--she was
a beautiful, plump blonde--had assumed a furious expression; she was
white with suppressed rage, and her blue eyes seemed to be turning
black as they glowered fiercely on M. de Marsy and Clorinde.

'There's going to be a row,' muttered the old senator between his
teeth, in such wise that even Rougon could not tell what he was saying.

The band was still playing; the hidden, distant music sounding as
though it proceeded from the ceiling. Every now and then, at some
sudden blare of the brass instruments, the guests raised their heads,
as though seeking to identify the strain which was being played; but
the next moment they could hear nothing distinctly for the light notes
of the clarionets mingled with the jingling of the silver plate,
which the servants carried about in piles. The big dishes gave out a
clanking sound, like so many cymbals. All round the table there was
much silent hurrying to and fro. A whole army of servants flitted
hither and thither without speaking a word; ushers in swallow-tails and
bright blue breeches, with swords at their sides and cocked hats under
their arms; and footmen with powdered hair, in full-dress livery of
green cloth, laced with gold. The dishes were brought in and the wines
circulated in proper order, while the heads of the different household
services, the controllers, the chief carver, and the chief custodian of
the plate, stood round, and superintended all the intricate manœuvring
which marked the seeming confusion, in which the _rôles_ of the most
insignificant footmen had been carefully arranged beforehand. And
behind the Emperor and Empress were their Majesties' own private
valets, who waited upon them with an air of decorous dignity.

When the roasts arrived and the great wines of Burgundy were poured
into the guests' glasses, the chatter of voices grew louder. Among the
men at the end of the table, M. La Rouquette was now discoursing upon
culinary matters, notably with regard to the amount of cooking which
the haunch of venison then being served had received. The previous
dishes had comprised Crecy soup, salmon _au bleu_, fillet of beef with
shallot sauce, pullets _à la financière_, partridges with cabbage, and
oyster patties.

'I'll bet that we shall have stewed cardoons and vegetable-marrow with
melted butter,' said the young deputy.

'I have seen some crayfish,' remarked Delestang politely.

However, as the cardoons and vegetable-marrow were just then served,
M. La Rouquette was loud in his expressions of triumph. He knew the
Empress's tastes, he declared. But the novelist glanced at the artist,
and said, with a cluck of the tongue: 'The cooking's rather poor.'

The artist pouted his assent. Then, when he had taken a sip from his
glass, he said: 'The wines are exquisite.'

Just at that moment, however, a sudden laugh from the Empress rang so
loudly through the room that everyone became silent, and craned forward
to discover what had given rise to it. The Empress was talking to the
Prussian Ambassador, who sat on her right. She was still laughing and
uttering broken words which the guests could not catch. But amidst the
silence caused by the general curiosity, a cornet-à-piston, softly
accompanied by some bassoons, began to play a pretty, sentimental
air. Then the general murmur of conversation arose once more. Chairs
were turned half-round and elbows rested on the table as sections of
the guests began to chat together, as if they were at some luxurious

'Will you have a rout cake?' asked M. de Plouguern.

Rougon shook his head in refusal. For a moment he had been eating
nothing. The servants had replaced the silver plate by Sèvres
porcelain, beautifully decorated in blue and pink. Then the whole
dessert went in procession past Rougon, but he would only accept a
small piece of Camembert. He had ceased to exercise any restraint over
himself, and gazed openly at M. de Marsy and Clorinde, in the hope,
probably, of being able to intimidate the young woman. But she affected
such familiarity with Marsy that she seemed to have forgotten where she
was, and to fancy herself in some private room where a light supper
had been served for two. Her beautiful face sparkled with tenderness;
and as she munched the sweetmeats which the Count handed to her, she
tranquilly prosecuted her conquest with never-failing smile and superb
assurance. The people near them had begun to whisper.

However, the general conversation turned upon the subject of fashion,
and M. de Plouguern mischievously asked Clorinde about the new shape
of bonnets. Then, as she pretended not to hear him, he turned round
in order to address the same question to Madame de Llorentz. But
when he saw her angry, threatening face, with its clenched teeth and
tragic expression of furious jealousy, he did not dare to carry out
his intention. Clorinde, as it happened, had just surrendered her hand
to M. de Marsy on the pretext of letting him look at an antique cameo
which she wore on a finger-ring. And she let the Count hold her hand
while he took off the ring and then put it back again. This seemed to
be going too far. Madame de Llorentz, who was nervously playing with a
spoon, upset a wine-glass and broke it. One of the servants immediately
removed the fragments.

'They will be tearing each other's hair by-and-bye,' the senator
whispered to Rougon. 'Have you watched them? But, the deuce take me if
I can understand Clorinde's game! What's she up to, eh?'

Then, as he raised his eyes to his neighbour, he was quite taken aback
by the strange change which he noticed in Rougon's face. 'What's the
matter with you? Aren't you well?' he asked.

'Oh, yes,' Rougon replied, 'but it's so close here; these dinners last
so long. And then there's such a strong scent of musk.'

The dinner, however, was now at an end, though a few ladies were still
nibbling biscuits as they leant back in their chairs. No one moved; but
the Emperor, who had hitherto preserved silence, suddenly raised his
voice, and the guests at either end of the table, who had completely
forgotten his Majesty's presence, suddenly strained their ears to catch
his remarks. He was replying to a dissertation from M. Beulin-d'Orchère
against the practice of divorcing married people, which at that time
did not prevail in France. And after pausing and glancing at the very
low bodice of the young American lady who sat on his right hand, his
Majesty said in a drawling voice: 'In America I never knew of any but
plain wives being divorced.'

At this a laugh ran through the guests. The remark seemed one of such
fine and delicate wit that M. La Rouquette pondered over it in the
hope of being able to discover some hidden meaning. The young American
lady, however, appeared to think it a compliment, for she bowed to
the Emperor in pleased confusion. Their Majesties now rose from their
seats. There was a loud rustling and tramping round the table; and the
ushers and footmen, standing gravely in line against the wall, alone
preserved an attitude of decorum amidst the scramble of all these
people who had dined so well. However, the procession was formed anew;
their Majesties at the head, followed by the guests in double file,
with the various couples parted by the ladies' spreading trains. They
passed through the Guard Room with somewhat panting dignity, while
behind them, in the full light of the crystal chandeliers, over the
litter of the disordered table, there resounded the big drum of the
military band, which was finishing the last figure of a quadrille.

Coffee was served that evening in the Gallery of the Maps. One of the
prefects of the palace presented the Emperor's cup on a silver-gilt
salver. Several of the guests, however, had already gone off to the
smoking-room, while the Empress had retired with a few ladies to her
private drawing-room on the left of the gallery. It was whispered
that she had expressed much displeasure at the peculiar manner in
which Clorinde had behaved during dinner. During the yearly visits to
Compiègne she tried to introduce something like homely decorum into the
habits of the Court, with a taste for innocent amusements and rural
pleasure; and she displayed a strong personal antipathy to certain

M. de Plouguern had taken Clorinde aside to preach her a little sermon,
in the hope of worming a confession out of her. But the young woman
affected great surprise. How had she compromised herself with Count de
Marsy? They had only joked together, nothing more.

'Well, look there, then,' said the old senator. And forthwith he pushed
back a door which already stood ajar, and showed her Madame de Llorentz
storming away at M. de Marsy in a little adjacent _salon_, which he
had previously seen them enter. Wild with rage, the beautiful blonde
was assailing Marsy in the most unmeasured language, quite regardless
of the fact that the loud voice in which she was speaking might bring
about a terrible scandal. The Count, although a little pale, was
smiling and trying to appease her, talking to her rapidly in low soft
tones. Sounds of the quarrel had, however, reached the gallery, and the
guests who heard them prudently retired from the neighbourhood of the
little room.

'Do you want her to publish those famous letters all over the château?'
asked M. de Plouguern, who had begun to pace up and down again, after
giving his arm to Clorinde.

'It would be fine fun!' she exclaimed with a loud laugh.

Then the old senator, squeezing her arm like some young gallant, began
to scold her again. She must leave all eccentric behaviour to Madame de
Combelot, he told her. And he went on to say that her Majesty appeared
very much annoyed with her. At this Clorinde, who cherished a sincere
devotion for the Empress, seemed quite astonished. What had she done
that could have displeased her?

Then, as they reached the entrance of her Majesty's private
drawing-room, they stopped for a moment and peeped through the doorway,
which had been left open. A circle of ladies had gathered round a large
table, and the Empress was patiently teaching them ring puzzles, while
a few gentlemen stood behind the chairs and gravely followed the lesson.

In the meantime Rougon had been disputing with Delestang at the end
of the gallery. He had not ventured to speak to him about his wife,
but was reproaching him for the indifference with which he had allowed
himself to be stowed away in a room which overlooked the courtyard
of the château, and he tried to induce him to claim one with a view
over the park. However, Clorinde came towards them leaning on M. de
Plouguern's arm.

'Oh, don't bother me any more about your Marsy!' she said loudly enough
to be heard. 'I won't speak to him again this evening. There! will that
satisfy you?'

This remark quieted everybody. Just at that moment M. de Marsy came out
of the little room looking quite gay. He stopped to joke for a moment
with Chevalier Rusconi, and then entered the private drawing-room,
where soon afterwards the Empress and the ladies could be heard
laughing at some story he was telling them. Ten minutes later, Madame
de Llorentz also reappeared. She looked weary and her hands were
trembling. Observing, however, the curious glances which took note of
her slightest gestures, she boldly remained in the gallery conversing
with the various guests.

There was a growing feeling of weariness among the company, who began
to yawn slightly behind their handkerchiefs. The evening was the
most trying time. The newly-invited guests, not knowing how to amuse
themselves, went up to the windows and gazed into the darkness. M.
Beulin-d'Orchère continued his dissertation against divorce laws in a
corner of the room; while the novelist, who felt greatly bored, asked
one of the academicians in a whisper if it was permissible to go to
bed. Every now and then, however, the Emperor made his appearance and
lounged through the gallery with a cigarette between his lips.

'It was impossible to arrange anything for this evening,' M. de
Combelot explained to the little group in which Rougon and his friends
were gathered. 'To-morrow, after the stag-hunt, the offal will be
given to the hounds by torchlight. Then on the day after to-morrow the
artistes of the Comédie Française are coming to play _Les Plaideurs_.
There is a talk, too, of some _tableaux vivants_ and a charade, which
will be performed towards the end of the week.'

Then he gave them details. His wife was going to take a part, and the
rehearsals would soon begin. He also spoke at length about an excursion
which the Court had made two days previously to a druidical monolith,
in the neighbourhood of which some excavations were being carried on.
The Empress had insisted upon getting down into the pit which had been

'And do you know,' continued the chamberlain, in tones of emotion,
'the workmen were lucky enough to turn up two skulls in her Majesty's
presence. No one was expecting such a thing, and it caused great

So saying, he stroked that black beard of his which had been the source
of so much of his success among the ladies. There was a somewhat sawny
look about his handsome face, of which he was evidently vain, and he
lisped as he spoke.

'But I was told,' said Clorinde, 'that the actors of the Vaudeville
were coming down to perform their new piece. The women wear the most
wonderful dresses, and it's excruciatingly funny, I hear.'

M. de Combelot assumed a prudish expression. 'Yes,' he said, 'it was
talked of for a moment.'


'The idea has been abandoned. The Empress doesn't like that kind of

At this moment there was a general stir in the gallery. All the men had
come down from the smoking-room again, and the Emperor was going to
play his game at table quoits. Madame de Combelot, who prided herself
upon being a very skilful player, had just asked him to give her her
revenge, for she recollected having been beaten by him during the
previous season. As she spoke to him she assumed an air of such humble
tenderness and such a meaning smile, that his Majesty, ill at ease and
rather alarmed, was obliged to turn his eyes away from her.

The game began. A large number of guests gathered round and admiringly
criticised the play. Standing at the end of the long table, which was
covered with a green cloth, the young woman threw her first quoit,
which alighted near the white point representing the pin. Then the
Emperor, showing even greater skill, dislodged it with his own quoit,
which slipped into its place. The spectators softly applauded. However,
it was Madame de Combelot who won in the end.

'What have we been playing for, sire?' she boldly inquired.

The Emperor smiled, but made no reply. Then he turned round and said:
'Monsieur Rougon, will you have a game with me?'

Rougon bowed and took up the quoits, while apologising for his
unskilfulness at the game.

A thrill of excitement ran through the spectators, who stood on either
side of the table. Was Rougon really coming into favour again? The
latent hostility which had encompassed him ever since his arrival now
melted, and the guests bent forward and watched his quoits with an air
of sympathy. M. La Rouquette, feeling still more perplexed than he
had been before dinner, drew his sister aside to ask her what was the
true state of affairs, but she was apparently unable to give him any
satisfactory information, for he returned to the table making a gesture
of perplexity.

'Ah, very good!' murmured Clorinde, as Rougon made a skilful cast.

She darted meaning glances at those friends of the great man who were
present. The opportunity seemed a favourable one for helping him back
into the Emperor's good graces. She commenced the onset herself, and
for a moment or two there was a burst of laudatory remarks.

'The deuce!' exclaimed Delestang, who could think of nothing else to
say, though he was anxious to obey the mute command of his wife's eyes.

'And you pretended that you were a very poor player,' said Chevalier
Rusconi delightedly. 'Ah, sire, pray don't play for France with him.'

'But Monsieur Rougon would treat France very well, I'm sure,'
interposed M. Beulin-d'Orchère, with a meaning expression on his
dog-like face.

It was a direct hint. The Emperor deigned to smile; and he even laughed
good-naturedly when Rougon, quite embarrassed by the compliments,
modestly explained: 'Well, I used to play at pitch and toss when I was
a boy.'

On hearing his Majesty laugh, all the company did likewise; and for a
moment the gallery rang with merriment. Clorinde, with her sharp wits,
had realised that by admiring Rougon, who was in fact a very poor
player, one really flattered the Emperor, who was incontestably his
superior. M. de Plouguern, however, had not yet come forward, feeling a
touch of jealousy at Rougon's success. So Clorinde went up to him and
nudged his elbow as if by accident. He understood, her meaning, and
warmly praised his colleague's next throw. Then M. La Rouquette made up
his mind to risk everything, and exclaimed: 'Yes, that was beautiful, a
delightfully soft throw!'

As the Emperor won the game, Rougon asked for his revenge, and the
quoits were again gliding over the green cloth with a faint rustling
sound like that of dry leaves, when a lady-attendant appeared at the
door of the drawing-room, holding the Prince Imperial in her arms. The
child who was then some twenty months old, was dressed in a plain white
robe. His hair was in disorder and his eyes were heavy with sleep. When
he awoke of an evening in this way he was generally brought to the
Empress for a moment so that she might kiss him. He looked at the light
with the serious expression characteristic of little children.

However, an old man, a great dignitary of the Empire, came forward,
dragging his gouty legs. And bending down, with a senile tremor of his
head, he took hold of the baby-prince's soft little hand and kissed it,
saying in quavering accents as he did so: 'Monseigneur, monseigneur----'

But the child, alarmed by the other's parchment-like visage, hastily
recoiled, clinging to the lady who carried him, and venting cries
of fear. Still the old man did not let go his hold; he continued to
protest his devotion, and it was necessary to release the little hand,
which he held tightly to his lips, from his adoring grasp.

'Go away, take him off!' cried the Emperor impatiently, to the

His Majesty had just lost the second game, and the deciding one began.
Rougon, taking the praises which he received in serious earnest,
exerted all his skill. Clorinde was now of opinion that he played too
well, and, just as he was going to pick up his quoits, she whispered in
his ear: 'I hope you do not mean to win.'

Rougon smiled. But all at once a loud bark was heard. It came from
Nero, the Emperor's favourite pointer, which, taking advantage of an
open door, had just bounded into the gallery. His Majesty ordered the
dog to be taken away, and a servant had already caught hold of its
collar when the aged dignitary again sprang forward and exclaimed: 'My
beautiful Nero! my beautiful Nero!'

He almost knelt upon the carpet in order to take the dog in his
tremulous arms. He pressed its head to his breast and kissed it as he
said: 'I beg of you, sire, do not send him away. How handsome he is!'

The Emperor consented that the dog should remain, and the old man went
on with his caresses. Unlike the little prince, Nero showed no sign of
fear, but licked the withered hands that fondled him.

Rougon, meantime, was blundering in his play. He had just thrown a
quoit so clumsily that the leaden disc, faced with cloth, flew into the
corsage of a lady who, with a deal of blushing, drew it from amidst her
lace. The Emperor won the game, and the company delicately gave him to
understand that he had gained a real victory. His Majesty seemed quite
affected by it, and went off with Rougon, chatting to him as though he
wanted to console him for his defeat. They strolled to the end of the
gallery, leaving the body of the room free for a little dance which was
just then being arranged.

The Empress, who had left the private drawing-room, was trying to
relieve the increasing boredom of her guests. She had proposed a game
of 'Consequences,' but it was getting late, and the company seemed to
prefer a dance. All the ladies were now assembled in the Gallery of
the Maps, and a messenger was sent to the smoking-room to summon such
gentlemen as were still hiding there. As the dancers took up their
positions for a quadrille, M. de Combelot obligingly seated himself at
the piano-organ, the handle of which he gravely began to turn.[10]

'Monsieur Rougon,' said the Emperor, 'I have heard some talk of a work
you are engaged upon; a comparison of the English constitution with our
own. I might be able to supply you with some useful documents.'

'Your Majesty is very kind. But I am contemplating another design; a
very great one indeed.'

Rougon, finding his sovereign so kindly disposed, was desirous of
profiting by it, and he thereupon unfolded his plan, his dream of
reclaiming and cultivating the Landes, of clearing several square
leagues of soil, founding a town, and conquering, as it were, a new
country. As he spoke, the Emperor looked at him, and in his eyes,
usually so expressionless, there now shone a glistening light. For a
time, however, he said nothing, merely nodding every now and then. But
when Rougon at last finished, he rejoined: 'Yes, perhaps--it is to be
thought over.' Then, turning towards Clorinde, her husband, and M.
de Plouguern, who stood in a group near at hand, he said: 'Monsieur
Delestang, come and give us your opinion. I have retained the most
pleasant recollection of my visit to your model farm of La Chamade.'

Delestang stepped forward; however, the little group which was
clustering round the Emperor now had to retreat into one of the
window-recesses. A waltz was being danced, and as Madame de Combelot
passed by, reclining in M. La Rouquette's arms, she had just swept
her long train round his Majesty's silk stockings. At the piano M.
de Combelot seemed to be quite enjoying the music he was calling
forth, for he turned the handle more rapidly than ever, swaying his
handsome head, and every now and then glancing towards the body of the
instrument, as though surprised at the deep notes which came from it at
certain turns he gave.

'I have bred some magnificent calves this year, by a fresh crossing of
strains,' said Delestang. 'Unfortunately, when your Majesty visited me,
the stalls and folds were under repair.'

Thereupon the Emperor began to speak slowly and spasmodically of
agriculture, cattle-breeding, and manures. He had entertained great
esteem for Delestang ever since his visit to La Chamade; and was
particularly pleased with the system which the latter had introduced
whereby his farm-hands lived in common, shared certain profits, and
became entitled to old-age pensions. Napoleon and Clorinde's husband
had ideas in common, certain humanitarian principles which enabled them
to grasp each other's thoughts at a word.

'Has Monsieur Rougon spoken to you about his plan?' the Emperor asked.

'Oh, yes!' answered Delestang. 'It is a magnificent scheme, and
affords a chance of experimenting on a very grand scale.'

He evinced genuine enthusiasm. He was greatly interested in
pig-breeding, he said. The best breeds were dying out in France. Then
he remarked that he was perfecting a new plan for the improvement of
meadow-lands; but to make it fully successful, large tracts of country
would be necessary. However, if Rougon should succeed, he would join
him and put his system to trial. Then, all at once he stopped short,
for he had just noticed that his wife's eyes were earnestly fixed
upon him. Ever since he had begun to express his approval of Rougon's
scheme, she had been biting her lips, looking pale and wrathful. 'Come,
my dear,' she said to him, motioning towards the piano-organ.

M. de Combelot's fingers had now grown cramped, and he was opening and
shutting his hands to remove the stiffness. Nevertheless, with the
smile of a martyr he got ready to begin a polka when Delestang hastened
forward and offered to take his place; an offer which he accepted
politely, as though giving up a post of honour. Then Delestang turned
the handle, and the polka began. But somehow the music now sounded
differently; he lacked the chamberlain's flexible, supple wrist.

Rougon, however, was anxious to get some definite expression of opinion
from the Emperor. His Majesty, who really seemed impressed, asked him
if he contemplated establishing some large industrial colonies over
yonder, and added that he should be glad to grant a strip of land,
water supply, and tools to each family. Moreover, he promised to show
Rougon some plans of his own, which he had noted down on paper, for
the establishment of a place of the kind, where the houses would be of
uniform construction, and every want would be provided for.

'Certainly, I quite enter into your Majesty's ideas,' said Rougon,
though, truth to tell, Napoleon's vague socialism made him impatient.
'We can do nothing without your Majesty's assistance and authority. It
will doubtless be necessary to expropriate certain villages, and it
will have to be stated that this is done for the public good. I shall
also have to launch a company to provide the requisite funds. A word
from your Majesty will be necessary----'

The Emperor's eyes grew dim; but he went on nodding. Finally, in an
indistinct voice, he said: 'We will see--we will talk about it.'

Then he walked away, passing with heavy steps through the quadrille
party. Rougon put on a cheerful countenance, as though he felt sure
of obtaining a favourable answer. Clorinde, however, was radiant. By
degrees a report spread among the grave, staid men who did not dance
that Rougon was going to leave Paris, and place himself at the head
of a great undertaking in the south of France. Then they all came to
congratulate him, and he was smiled upon from one end of the gallery
to the other. Not a trace remained of the hostility which had been
shown him when he first arrived. Now that he was voluntarily going
into exile, they all felt that they could shake hands with him without
risk of compromising themselves. This was genuine relief for many of
the guests. M. La Rouquette, quitting the dancing party, discussed the
matter with Chevalier Rusconi, with the delight of a man completely set
at his ease. 'It's the right thing he's doing! He will make a great
success down there!' said the young deputy. 'Rougon is an extremely
able man, but in politics he is deficient in tact.'

Then he waxed quite emotional over the Emperor's kindness. His Majesty,
he said, showed as much regard for his old servants as if they were
old mistresses. He felt affection for them even after the most violent
ruptures. It was some secret softening of the heart, no doubt, that
had prompted him to invite Rougon to Compiègne. And La Rouquette cited
other incidents which did honour to his Majesty's kindness of nature.
He had given four hundred thousand francs to pay the debts of a general
who had been ruined by a ballet girl; he had bestowed eight hundred
thousand upon one of his old accomplices at Strasburg and Boulogne as a
wedding present, and had laid out nearly a million for the benefit of
the widow of a high functionary.

'His purse is at every one's disposal,' he said in conclusion. 'He
only allowed himself to be chosen Emperor in order that he might be
able to benefit his friends. It makes me shrug my shoulders when I
hear Republicans reproaching him for his big civil list.[11] He would
exhaust ten civil lists in doing good. All the money he gets comes back
to France again.'

While chatting in an undertone after this fashion, La Rouquette
and Chevalier Rusconi continued to watch the Emperor. He was just
completing his round of the gallery. He adroitly threaded his way
through the dancers, silently crossing the clear spaces which their
respect opened out for him. Whenever he passed behind a lady who was
sitting down, he slightly inclined his neck and cast an oblique glance
at her bare shoulders.

'And he has such a mind, too!' said Chevalier Rusconi in a whisper. 'He
is an extraordinary man!'

The Emperor was now quite close to them. For a moment he lingered where
he stood, hesitating and gloomy. Then he seemed inclined to approach
Clorinde, who was looking very merry and beautiful, but she suddenly
fixed her eyes on him so boldly that he seemed frightened, for he
went on again, holding his left arm behind his back, and twisting the
ends of his waxed moustache with his right hand. At last, seeing M.
Beulin-d'Orchère in front of him, he approached him sideways and said:
'You are not dancing.'

The judge confessed that he could not dance, that he had never danced
in his life. Then the Emperor replied encouragingly: 'Oh, that doesn't
matter! That needn't keep you from dancing now.'

Those were his last words for the evening. He quietly made his way to
the door, and disappeared.

'Yes, indeed, he is an extraordinary man,' said M. La Rouquette,
repeating Chevalier Rusconi's phrase. 'They think a great deal of him
abroad, don't they?'

The Chevalier, with diplomatic reserve, nodded vaguely. He admitted,
however, that the eyes of Europe were fixed upon the Emperor. A word
spoken at the Tuileries made neighbouring thrones tremble.

'He is a prince who knows how to hold his tongue,' he added with a
smile, the subtle irony of which escaped the young deputy.

Then they returned to the ladies and invited partners for the next
quadrille. For the last quarter of an hour an aide-de-camp had been
turning the handle of the piano-organ. Both Delestang and M. de
Combelot now sprang forward and offered to take his place. The ladies,
however, cried out: 'Monsieur de Combelot! Monsieur de Combelot! He
does it much the best!'

The chamberlain thanked them for the compliment with a bow, and began
to turn the handle with professional vigour. It was the last quadrille.
Tea had just been served in the private drawing-room. Nero, having
made his appearance from behind a couch, was glutted with sandwiches.
The guests gathered in little groups and chatted familiarly. M. de
Plouguern, who had carried a little cake to a side table, ate it and
sipped his tea, while explaining to Delestang how it was that he, so
well known to hold Legitimist opinions, had come to accept invitations
to Compiègne. The reason was very simple, he said. He could not refuse
his support to a government which rescued France from anarchy. Then he
broke off to say: 'This cake is very nice. I didn't make a very good
dinner this evening.'

His caustic tongue was always ready to wag when he found himself at
Compiègne. He spoke of most of the ladies present with a bluntness
which called blushes to Delestang's face. The only one for whom he
showed respect was the Empress. She was a saint, he said, a woman of
exemplary devotion. He asserted, too, that she was a Legitimist, and
would have recalled Henry V. to the throne had she been free to do so.
Then, for a moment, he dwelt upon the delights of religion. Just as he
was sliding off into an indelicate story, the Empress retired to her
own rooms, followed by Madame de Llorentz. On reaching the threshold of
the salon, she made a low courtesy to the company, who bowed to her in

The rooms now began to get empty. The remaining guests talked in
louder tones, and exchanged parting shakes of the hand. When Delestang
looked for his wife to go upstairs with her he could not find her.
At last, Rougon, who helped him in his search, discovered Clorinde
sitting with M. de Marsy in the little room where Madame de Llorentz
had so violently upbraided the Count after dinner. The young woman was
laughing loudly. When she saw her husband she rose up. 'Good-evening,
Monsieur le Comte,' she gaily said to Marsy; 'you will see to-morrow,
at the hunt, if I don't win my bet.'

Rougon glanced after her as her husband led her away on his arm. He
would have liked to accompany them to their door to ascertain what
bet it was that she had spoken of, but M. de Marsy, evincing the
greatest politeness, detained him, and he could not get away. When he
was at last free, instead of going up to his room, he took advantage
of an open door to slip into the park. It was a very dark October
night, without a star or a puff of wind, a black, dead night. Lofty
plantations arose far away like promontories of darkness. He could
scarcely distinguish the paths in front of him. Holding his hat in
his hand, he let the cool night air play on his brow for a moment.
This freshened him like a bath. Then he lingered there looking at a
brightly-lighted window on the left front of the château. The other
windows gradually became black, and this was soon the only gleaming
spot in the sleeping pile. The Emperor was sitting up. And Rougon
fancied he could distinguish his shadow passing across the blind, a
huge head beyond which projected the ends of a long moustache. It was
followed by two other shadows; one very slight, and the other so big
that it shut off all the light. In the latter Rougon clearly recognised
the gigantic silhouette of an agent of the secret police, with whom his
Majesty frequently closeted himself for hours. Then, as the slimmer
shadow again passed before the window, Rougon thought it seemed like
a woman's. However, nothing more appeared, the window glowed in all
quietude, like some large bright eye gazing into the mysterious depths
of the park. Perhaps, thought Rougon, the Emperor was now considering
his scheme for clearing the Landes and founding an industrial centre,
where the extinction of pauperism might be attempted on a large scale.
He knew that Napoleon frequently came to important determinations at
night-time. It was at night that he signed decrees, wrote manifestoes
and dismissed his ministers. But presently Rougon began to smile. He
had recalled a story of the Emperor wearing a blue apron, and hanging
wall-paper at three francs a piece in a room at Trianon, where he
intended to lodge a mistress; and he pictured him now, in the silence
of his study, cutting out woodcuts and sticking them neatly in a

But all at once Rougon found himself raising his arms and involuntarily
exclaiming aloud: 'Ah! _his_ friends made him!'

Then he hurried back into the château. He was beginning to feel
very cold, especially about the legs, which his knee-breeches left
uncomfortably exposed.

A little before nine o'clock on the following morning Clorinde sent
Antonia, whom she had brought with her, to ask Rougon if she and her
husband might breakfast with him. He had already ordered a cup of
chocolate, but did not touch it till they came. Antonia preceded them,
carrying a large silver salver on which their coffee had been brought
to their bedroom.

'Ah! this will be more cheerful!' exclaimed Clorinde as she entered.
'You have got the sun on your side. You are much better off than we

Then she began to inspect the suite of rooms. It consisted of an
ante-chamber, on the right of which there was a little room for a
valet. Then there was the guest's bedroom, a spacious apartment hung
with cream-coloured chintz having a pattern of big red flowers. There
was a large square mahogany bedstead and an immense grate in which some
huge logs were blazing.

'Of course! You ought to have complained!' said Rougon. 'I would not
have put up with a room looking on to the courtyard. Ah! if people
don't assert themselves--I was talking to Delestang about it only last

The young woman shrugged her shoulders and replied: 'Oh! he would raise
no objection if they wanted to lodge me in a garret!'

However, she now wished to examine the dressing-room, all the fittings
of which were of Sèvres porcelain, white and gold, with the Imperial
monogram. Then she went to look out of the window, and a faint cry
of surprise and admiration came from her lips. For leagues in front
of her, the lofty trees of the forest of Compiègne spread out like a
rolling sea, their huge crests rising and falling in gentle billows,
till they faded from sight in the distance. And in the pale sunlight
of that October morning, the forest glowed alternately with gold and
purple, with the splendour of a gorgeously embroidered mantle spread
out from horizon to horizon.

'Come, let us have breakfast!' said Clorinde.

They cleared a table on which were an inkstand and a blotting-pad,
finding it rather amusing to wait upon themselves. The young woman,
who was in a very merry mood, declared that on awaking that morning it
had seemed to her as if she were in an inn, an inn kept by a prince,
at which she had alighted after a long journey through dreamland. This
haphazard kind of breakfast, served upon silver salvers, delighted her
like some adventure in an unknown country.

Meantime, Delestang gazed in wonder at the quantity of wood which was
burning in the grate. And at last, with his eyes still fixed upon the
flames, he muttered thoughtfully: 'I have been told that they burn
fifteen hundred francs' worth of wood every day at the château. Fifteen
hundred francs' worth! Don't you think it's rather a high figure,

Rougon, who was slowly sipping his chocolate, just nodded his head by
way of reply. He was disturbed by Clorinde's gay animation. She seemed
that morning all aglow with feverish beauty, her eyes glistening as
with the fire of battle.

'What was the bet you were talking about last night?' Rougon asked

She began to laugh, but as he pressed his question, she replied: 'You
will see presently.'

Then, by degrees, Rougon grew angry, and spoke harshly to the young
woman. It was an outburst of real jealousy, and veiled allusions soon
developed into direct accusations. She had made a perfect exhibition of
herself on the previous evening, he said; she had let M. de Marsy hold
her hand for more than two minutes. Delestang listened to all this,
but, instead of showing any concern, quietly steeped some strips of
toast in his coffee.

'Ah! if I were your husband!' Rougon cried at last.

Clorinde had just risen, and, standing behind Delestang, with her hands
resting on his shoulders, she responded: 'Well, supposing you were my
husband, what then?'

And stooping down, she stirred Delestang's hair with her warm breath,
as she added: 'He would behave properly, wouldn't he, dear, just as you

Delestang turned his head, and, by way of answer, kissed the hand
that lay on his left shoulder. He looked at Rougon with an expression
of emotion and embarrassment, blinking as though he wished him to
understand that he was really going a little too far. Rougon nearly
called him a fool. However, when Clorinde made a sign to him over her
husband's head, he followed her to the open window, on the handrail of
which she leant. For a moment she remained silent, her eyes fixed on
the far-spreading prospect. Then she abruptly asked him: 'Why do you
want to leave Paris? Don't you care for me any longer? Listen now; I
will be quite steady, and follow your advice, if you will give up that
plan of exiling yourself to that horrid, outlandish place.'

Rougon became very grave at this proposal. He began to dwell on the
great motives which influenced him; besides, it was impossible now, he
said, for him to withdraw. While he was speaking, Clorinde vainly tried
to read the real truth in his face. He seemed quite determined to go.

'Very well, then; you don't care for me any longer,' resumed the young
woman. 'So I am at liberty to follow my own inclinations. Well, you
will see!'

Then she left the window, and once more began to laugh. Delestang, who
still seemed to find the fire a source of great interest, was trying
to calculate how many grates there might be in the château. Clorinde,
however, broke in upon his meditations, saying that she had only just
time to dress, unless she was to miss the hunt. Rougon accompanied
her and her husband into the corridor, a long conventual passage with
a thick green carpet. And as Clorinde went off she amused herself by
reading the names of the guests, which were written on small cards in
wooden frames which hung from the different doors. When she had got to
the very end of the corridor, she turned, and, thinking that Rougon
looked perplexed, as if he wished to call her back, she halted, and for
a moment waited smiling. But he went back into his room, slamming the
door behind him.

The second breakfast was served early that morning. There was much
conversation concerning the weather, which was all that could be wished
for the hunt. There was a good clear light, and the atmosphere was
calm. The Court carriages set out shortly before noon; the meet being
at the King's Well, a large open space where several roads met in the
middle of the forest. The Imperial hunting-train had been waiting
there for more than an hour; the mounted huntsmen in crimson breeches
and great laced hats; the dog-keepers wearing black shoes with silver
buckles to enable them to run with ease among the brushwood; while the
carriages of the guests invited from the neighbouring châteaux were
drawn up in a semicircle in front of the hounds, and in the centre were
groups of ladies and gentlemen all in Court hunting-dress, like figures
out of some old picture of the time of Louis XV. The Emperor and the
Empress did not follow the hunt that day, and as soon as the hounds had
been slipped their Majesties' char-à-bancs turned down a bye-road and
came back to the château. Many others followed this example. Rougon
had at first tried to keep up with Clorinde, but she spurred on her
horse so wildly that he was left behind, and, thereupon, in disgust,
determined to return, infuriated at seeing the young woman galloping
in the distance down a long avenue, with M. de Marsy by her side.

Towards half-past five o'clock, Rougon received an invitation to take
tea in the private apartments of the Empress. This was a favour which
was usually granted to men of interesting and witty conversation.
He found M. Beulin-d'Orchère and M. de Plouguern already there. The
latter was relating a somewhat improper story in carefully-chosen
words, and his narrative achieved enormous success. Only a few of the
hunting-party had as yet returned. Madame de Combelot came in, saying
that she felt dreadfully tired, and when the company asked her how
matters had gone off, she replied with an affectation of semi-technical
jargon: 'Oh, the animal beat us off for more than four hours. For a
time he unharboured in the open. But at last he turned to bay near the
Red Pool, and the death was superb.'

Then Chevalier Rusconi mentioned another incident with some uneasiness.
'Madame Delestang's horse bolted,' he said. 'She disappeared in the
direction of Pierrefonds, and nothing has since been seen or heard of

He was at once overwhelmed with questions, and the Empress seemed much
distressed. He said that Clorinde had kept up a tremendous pace all the
time, and had excited the admiration of the most experienced riders.
All at once, however, her horse had bolted down a side lane.

'She had been dreadfully whipping the poor animal,' interposed M.
La Rouquette, who was burning to get a word in. 'Monsieur de Marsy
galloped off to her assistance, and he, also, has not been seen since.'

At this, Madame de Llorentz, who sat behind her Majesty, rose from
her seat. She fancied that some of the company were looking at her
and smiling, and she became quite livid. The conversation had turned
upon the dangers of hunting. One day, said one of the guests, the stag
had run into a farm-yard, and had then turned and charged the hounds
so suddenly that a lady had her leg broken amidst the confusion. Then
the company began to indulge in various suppositions. If M. de Marsy
had succeeded in checking Madame Delestang's horse, they had, perhaps,
both dismounted for a few minutes' rest; there were a large number of
shelter places, huts and sheds and pavilions, in the forest. However,
it seemed to Madame de Llorentz that this suggestion prompted more
smiling, and that the others were stealthily eyeing her jealous anger.
As for Rougon, he kept silent, but beat a feverish tattoo on his knees
with his finger tips.

The Empress had given orders that Clorinde should be asked to come
and have some tea as soon as she returned. And all at once there was
a chorus of exclamations. The young woman appeared on the threshold,
with a flushed, smiling, radiant face. She thanked her Majesty for
the concern which she showed about her, and then calmly continued: 'I
am so sorry. You really shouldn't have made yourselves uneasy. I made
a bet with Monsieur de Marsy that I would be in at the death before
he was. And so I should if it hadn't been for that provoking horse
of mine.' Then she added gaily: 'Well, we neither of us lost, after
all.' However, they made her tell them her adventure in detail, which
she did, without the least sign of confusion. After a mad gallop of
ten minutes or so, her horse had fallen, she said, but she herself
had sustained no hurt. Then, as she was trembling a little from the
excitement, M. de Marsy had taken her for a moment into a shed.

'Ah, we guessed that!' exclaimed M. La Rouquette. 'You said a shed,
didn't you? I myself mentioned a pavilion.'

'It must have been a very uncomfortable place,' said M. de Plouguern

Clorinde, without ceasing to smile, replied slowly: 'Oh, dear no, I
assure you. There was some straw, and I sat down. It was a big shed
full of spiders' webs. It was growing dark, too. Oh! it was very
droll.' Then, looking in Madame de Llorentz's face, and speaking with
still more deliberation, she added: 'Monsieur de Marsy was extremely
kind to me.'

While Clorinde had been narrating this story, Madame de Llorentz had
kept two fingers closely pressed to her lips, and on hearing the
conclusion she shut her eyes as if dazed by anger. She remained thus
for another minute; and then, feeling that she could contain herself
no further, she left the room. M. de Plouguern, curious as to her
intentions, slipped away after her. As for Clorinde, when she saw
Madame de Llorentz disappear, an involuntary expression of victory
appeared upon her face.

The conversation now turned upon other subjects. M. Beulin-d'Orchère
began to speak of a scandalous lawsuit which was exciting a deal of
public interest. It was a wife's application for a judicial separation
from her husband; and he gave certain particulars of the affair in
such delicately couched language that Madame de Combelot did not fully
understand him, but asked for explanations. Chevalier Rusconi then
afforded the company much pleasure by softly singing some popular
Piedmontese love songs, which he afterwards translated into French.
In the middle of one of these songs Delestang entered the room. He
had just returned from the forest, which he had been scouring for the
last two hours in search of his wife. His strange appearance excited a
general smile. The Empress seemed to have taken a sudden friendship for
Clorinde, for she had made her sit beside her and was talking to her
about horses. Pyrame, the horse which the young woman had been riding,
was a hard goer, said the Empress; and she promised that she should
have César on the following day.

On Clorinde's arrival, Rougon had gone to one of the windows, feigning
great interest in some lights which were gleaming in the distance to
the left of the park. As he stood there no one could detect the slight
quivering of his features. He remained thus, looking out into the
darkness, for a long time, only turning when M. de Plouguern came back
into the room and stepped up to him.

Rougon remained quite impassive as the other whispered in his ear, in
a voice feverish with satisfied curiosity: 'There has been a terrible
scene! I followed her out of the room. She met Marsy at the end of
the corridor. They both went into a room together, and I heard Marsy
telling her roundly that she bored him to death. She rushed out again
like a mad woman, and went off towards the Emperor's study. I feel sure
that she went to lay those famous letters on his desk.'

Just at that moment Madame de Llorentz reappeared. She was very pale;
some of her hair strayed over her brow, and she panted. However, she
resumed her seat behind the Empress with the despairing calmness of one
who has just performed on herself some terrible operation which may
have a fatal result.

'I'm sure she has taken the letters,' said M. de Plouguern, examining

Then, as Rougon did not seem to understand him, he left him; and,
stooping behind Clorinde, began to tell her his story. She listened to
him with delight, her eyes sparkling. It was not until the approach
of the dinner-hour, when the company quitted the Empress's private
room, that she appeared conscious of Rougon's presence. Then she took
his arm and said to him, as Delestang followed on behind: 'Well now,
you see----If you had been more amiable this morning, I shouldn't have
nearly broken my legs.'

That evening the offal of the stag was distributed by torchlight to the
hounds in the courtyard. As the guests left the dining-room, instead
of immediately returning to the Gallery of the Maps, they dispersed
through the reception rooms in the front part of the château, where the
windows were all wide open. The Emperor took up position on the central
balcony, which afforded accommodation for a score of other personages.

Down below, on either side of the courtyard, a row of footmen, in full
livery and with hair powdered, was ranged from the steps to the gate.
Each held a long staff surmounted by a blazing cresset, in which tow
had been steeped in spirits of wine. The lofty greenish flames seemed
to dance in the air, glaring through the darkness without illuminating
it, brightening nothing except the scarlet waistcoats, to which they
lent a purplish tinge. Behind the footmen, on both sides of the
courtyard, there were numerous middle-class people of Compiègne, whose
dim faces swarmed in the darkness, the flaring tow every now and then
revealing some hideous verdurous countenance. In the centre, in front
of the steps of the château, the offal of the stag lay in a heap. Over
it was stretched the skin of the animal, the head and antlers lying in
front. At the other end, near the gate, were the hounds in charge of
the huntsmen; and some dog-keepers, in green livery and white cotton
stockings, were waving torches. In the bright ruddy glow, broken by
clouds of smoke which rolled away towards the town, the hounds could be
seen crowding together, and panting heavily with distended mouths.

The Emperor remained standing. Every now and then a sudden flash of
torchlight showed up his blank impenetrable face. Clorinde had watched
his every movement during dinner without detecting anything more than
a melancholy weariness, the moodiness of an invalid who suffers in
silence. Only once had she fancied that she saw him casting a faint
side-glance at M. de Marsy. And there on the balcony he still remained
moody, stooping a little and twisting his moustache, while behind him
the guests rose upon tip-toe in order to get a better view.

'Come, Firmin!' he said, almost impatiently. Then the huntsmen
sounded the 'Royale.' The hounds threw tongue, straining their necks
and rearing on their hind legs with uproarious efforts. And, as the
keeper held up the stag's head in sight of the maddened pack, Firmin,
the chief huntsman, who stood upon the steps, let his whip drop; the
hounds, which had been waiting for this signal, bounded in three
great leaps across the courtyard, quivering and panting with hungry
excitement. Firmin, however, had picked up his whip again; and the
hounds, suddenly checked within a few yards of the offal, squatted upon
the pavement, while their backs shook with excitement and their throats
seemed like to burst with barks of desire. But they were obliged to
retreat--to return across the courtyard and assume their previous
position by the gate.

'Oh, the poor animals!' said Madame de Combelot, with an air of languid

'Splendid!' cried M. La Rouquette.

Chevalier Rusconi applauded loudly. Several of the ladies were leaning
forward in their excitement, while their lips quivered and their hearts
throbbed with desire to see the hounds devour their prey. Would they
not be allowed to have the bones at once? they asked.

'No, not just yet,' said several voices.

Firmin had again twice dropped and then raised his whip. The hounds
were exasperated and foamed at the mouth. But the third time, Firmin
did not raise his whip again. The valet rushed away, carrying off the
stag's head and skin, while the dogs leapt forward and seized the
offal. Their furious barking subsided into a low quivering growl of
enjoyment. Bones could be heard cracking. Then general satisfaction was
expressed upon the balcony and at the windows. The ladies smiled in
chilly fashion and clenched their white teeth, and the men looked on
with glistening eyes, while twisting the tooth-picks they had brought
from the dining-room. In the courtyard came sudden brilliance. The
huntsmen sounded a flourish on their horns; the dog-keepers waved their
torches, and a blaze of coloured lights arose, setting the night aflare
and then raining sanguineously on the placid heads of the townsfolk on
either hand.

The Emperor, however, turned his back upon the scene, and on noticing
Rougon close to him, he seemed to awake from the moody reverie in which
he had been absorbed since dinner. 'Monsieur Rougon,' he said, 'I have
been thinking about that scheme of yours. There are difficulties in the
way--many difficulties.' Then, after a momentary pause, he opened his
lips to speak again, but closed them without saying anything. However,
as he went away, he added: 'You must remain in Paris, Monsieur Rougon.'

Clorinde, who heard him, made a gesture of triumph. The Emperor's
remark immediately spread through the company, and the guests once more
became grave and anxious, as Rougon slowly made his way through their
midst, towards the Gallery of the Maps.

Down below in the courtyard, the hounds were finishing their bones.
They flung themselves wildly atop of one another in order to reach the
prey. With their writhing backs, white and black, all jumbled together,
they were like a living wave, surging and struggling and roaring
hungrily. Their jaws snapped, and they bolted mouthful after mouthful
in their feverish eagerness to devour all. Quarrels, brief and sudden,
ended in a loud howl. One large hound, a magnificent creature, finding
himself too far away from the quarry, stepped back and then sprang into
the very middle of the pack. He forced his way through the others, and
soon gulped down a great strip of the stag's entrails.



Some weeks went by. Rougon had relapsed into his life of lassitude
and ennui. He never referred to the Emperor's order that he should
remain in Paris. He only spoke of his disappointment and of the alleged
obstacles which stood in the way of his clearing some portion of the
Landes. Upon this topic he talked continually. What obstacles could
there possibly be? he asked. For his part, he could see none. He even
went so far as to show some irritation against the Emperor, from whom
it was impossible, he complained, to obtain any explanations. Perhaps,
however, his Majesty felt afraid lest he should be obliged to come
forward with a subvention for the proposed expedition.

As the days went by, Clorinde's visits to the Rue Marbeuf increased in
frequency. She seemed every afternoon to expect some great news from
Rougon, and she gazed at him in surprise on finding him so silent.
Ever since her visit to Compiègne she had been living in the hope
of a sudden triumph. She had pictured a series of dramatic scenes:
furious anger on the part of the Emperor, M. de Marsy's utter fall and
disgrace, and the great man's immediate restoration to power. She no
doubt imagined that her feminine wiles would have this result; and so
her astonishment was unbounded when, at the end of a month, she still
saw the Count in office. She began to feel contempt for the Emperor,
who seemed incapable of avenging himself. What could he be thinking
about in the everlasting silence he preserved?

However, Clorinde had not yet abandoned all hope. She had an intuition
that some unforeseen turn of the wheel of chance would bring round
the triumph she desired, for M. de Marsy's influence was certainly
shaken. Rougon now treated her with all the watchful attention of a
jealous husband. Ever since his strange outbreaks at Compiègne, he had
exercised a most fatherly surveillance over her, had plied her with
moral dissertations, and expressed his desire to see her every day.
The young woman smiled, feeling certain now that he would not leave
Paris. Towards the middle of December, however, after weeks of drowsy
listlessness, he again reverted to his great scheme. He had consulted
some bankers, and had hopes of doing without the Emperor's assistance.
And once more he buried himself in maps and plans and technical
treatises. Gilquin, he said, had already enrolled more than five
hundred workmen who were willing to go out with him. They would form
the first instalment of his future people. At this Clorinde, feeling
quite provoked, again set the whole coterie of friends in motion.

It was a tremendous undertaking. Each of them took some special
_rôle_; and whispered councils were held in the corners of Rougon's
own drawing-room on Sunday and Thursday evenings. They portioned out
the various difficult matters, and every day they scattered through
Paris, invincibly determined upon gaining some influence or other to
their cause. No assistance was too insignificant for their acceptance;
the most trifling help might be useful. They availed themselves of
everything, they drew whatever advantage they could from the most
trivial incidents, and worked and worked from the first thing in the
morning until the last thing at night. They enlisted their friends as
accomplices, and their friends enlisted others. All Paris seemed to
share in the intrigue. In the most out-of-the-way districts people
began to yearn for Rougon's triumph, without being able to say why. The
little band, though it only comprised some ten or twelve persons, was
influencing the whole city.

'We are the coming government,' said Du Poizat, in all seriousness;
and, establishing a parallel between themselves and the men who had
made the Second Empire, he added: 'I shall be Rougon's Marsy.'

A pretender by himself was a mere name. A band of supporters was
needed to establish a government. Twenty stout fellows of ambition are
stronger than a mere principle, and when they can combine a principle
with their ambition they become invincible. Such were Du Poizat's
views. He himself spent his time in perambulating Paris, often calling
at newspaper offices, where he smoked his cigar and did what he could
to undermine M. de Marsy's reputation. He always had some secret little
story to relate about the minister, whom he accused of ingratitude
and egotism. Then, when he had managed to bring in Rougon's name, he
would drop vague hints and promises of the rewards and presents and
subventions which the latter would shower down upon every one should he
be in the position to do so. In this way Du Poizat contrived to supply
numerous suggestions, anecdotes, and quotations to the newspapers,
which continually brought the great man under the notice of the public.
Two journals published an account of a visit to the house in the Rue
Marbeuf, and others spoke of Rougon's famous work on the English
constitution and that of 1852. Thus, after a hostile silence of two
years, a murmur of eulogy arose, and Rougon's popularity seemed to be
reviving. Du Poizat, too, devoted himself to other intrigues, very
secret ones, such as the purchase of certain persons' support by a kind
of gambling on the prospects of Rougon's return to office.

'Let us only think of him,' he often said, with that frankness of his
which was distasteful to the more affected members of the band. 'Later
on, he will think of us.'

M. Beulin-d'Orchère was not a very subtle intriguer. When he unearthed
a scandalous affair to the detriment of M. de Marsy it was immediately
hushed up. He showed greater shrewdness in hinting that he might
very well become Minister of Justice if ever his brother-in-law
should return to power, an intimation which brought all his brother
judges over to his side. M. Kahn meanwhile had put himself at the
head of another company of auxiliaries, financiers, deputies, and
functionaries, who helped to swell the army of malcontents. He had
a docile lieutenant in M. Béjuin, and even availed himself of the
services of M. de Combelot and M. La Rouquette, without those gentlemen
having the faintest idea of the object for which he made them work. For
his part, he acted in the official world, even its highest spheres,
carrying his propaganda into the Tuileries, and covertly labouring for
days at a time in order that some remark or other might be repeated
from mouth to mouth till it reached the Emperor himself.

But it was the women who manifested the most passionate enthusiasm.
There were some terribly strange underplots, some complicated intrigues
among them, whose full scope was never known. Madame Correur began to
call pretty Madame Bouchard 'her little pet,' and took her, she said,
on a visit to the country; so that for a week M. Bouchard was left to
lead a bachelor's life, and M. d'Escorailles had to spend his evenings
at the minor theatres. Du Poizat, however, met the two ladies one day
in the company of some gentlemen who wore decorations, but he said
nothing about having done so. Madame Correur now rented two flats:
one in the Rue Blanche, and the other in the Rue Mazarine. The latter
was very elegantly furnished, and Madame Bouchard would go there of
an afternoon, taking the key from the doorkeeper of the house. It was
said that the young woman had made an effectual conquest of a very high

Then, too, the minor members of the band bestirred themselves, doing
all they could. Colonel Jobelin betook himself regularly to a café
on the boulevards to catch his old army friends, whom he catechised
between their games of piquet; and when he had enlisted the sympathies
of half a dozen, he rubbed his hands gleefully in the evening and
declared that the whole army had joined the good cause. M. Bouchard
devoted himself to a like task in the government offices, and gradually
instilled a strong feeling of enmity against M. de Marsy into the
clerks. He even won over the messengers, and made the whole staff sigh
for the golden age of which he hinted the advent. M. d'Escorailles, on
his side, devoted himself to the wealthy young men he knew, extolling
Rougon's broad views, his tolerance of certain misdemeanours, and his
love of daring. Even the Charbonnels, as they sat on the benches of the
Luxembourg garden, whither they went each afternoon while awaiting the
issue of their interminable lawsuit, found a means of enlisting the
sympathy and support of the petty cits residing in the neighbourhood of
the Odéon.

Clorinde was not content with being the guiding spirit of the band,
but engaged in very elaborate operations of her own, of which she
never spoke. She was to be seen more frequently than ever, hurrying
through streets of questionable repute, carelessly dressed and tightly
hugging her big official-looking portfolio, which was now so split at
the seams that it was only kept together by means of string. She also
gave her husband extraordinary commissions to perform, and he did her
bidding with the docility of a sheep, never seeking to understand her
even. Then, too, she sent Luigi Pozzo about carrying letters; asked
M. de Plouguern to give her his escort, and then kept him waiting in
the street for her by the hour. At one moment she even thought of
getting the Italian government to interfere in Rougon's favour. Her
correspondence with her mother, who was still living at Turin, had
become extremely active. She had dreams of turning Europe topsy-turvy,
and would go twice a day to Chevalier Rusconi's to meet his diplomatic
acquaintances. In this strange campaign of hers, she also frequently
remembered her beauty, and would go out on certain afternoons most
superbly arrayed. And when her friends, quite surprised by the change,
told her that she looked lovely, 'I have need to be,' she replied, with
an air of resigned weariness.

On her return from Compiègne, Du Poizat, having heard of her adventure
at the hunt, had tried to find out on what terms she was with M.
de Marsy. He had some vague idea of betraying Rougon in favour of
the Count were Clorinde likely to become the latter's all-powerful
mistress. She, however, with considerable irritation, denied the truth
of any such supposition. He must think her very silly to suspect her
of such a connection, she said. She even gave him to understand that
she should never see M. de Marsy again. In her earlier days she might
possibly have thought of becoming his wife. Now, however, she had other
schemes in her head.

'There are often many ways of getting at what you want,' she sometimes
said, 'but there is never more than one of them that is pleasant. I
myself have a craving to satisfy.'

When she said this she would keep her eyes fixed upon Rougon as though
she dreamt of fattening him up for some future feast of her own. She
still displayed a disciple-like submission, however, and kept herself
in the background with cajoling humility. Rougon himself seemed quite
unconscious of all that was going on about him. In his drawing-room,
on Sundays and Thursdays, he still consulted playing cards like a
fortune-teller, bending over them, and apparently hearing nothing of
the talk that went on behind him. The members of the band discussed his
affairs, made signs to each other over his head, and plotted by his
fireside as though he were not in the room. He seemed so unconcerned
with what they whispered that they at last began to chat in louder
tones, smiling at his absent-mindedness. However, when they turned the
conversation upon the subject of his return to power he flew into a
tantrum, and swore that he would not move even if he knew that triumph
awaited him at the end of the street; and indeed he shut himself up
more than ever, and affected absolute ignorance of what went on in the
world. The little house in the Rue Marbeuf, whence streamed such a
flow of feverish propaganda, was itself a silent, drowsy home, on the
threshold of which Rougon's friends cast glances at one another as a
warning to leave outside the scent of battle which they carried in the
folds of their garments.

Du Poizat, however, would exclaim: 'I tell you he's drawing us all out.
He listens to all we say. Just look at his ears in the evening; you can
see that they are on the strain.'

This was frequently the subject of their conversation when they
went away together at half-past ten. It really was impossible, they
said, that the great man should be unaware of their devotion. The
ex-sub-prefect repeated that he was playing the part of a Hindoo idol,
squatting in a state of self-satisfaction with his hands across his
abdomen, and smiling unctuously amidst a crowd of believers who cut
themselves to pieces in his worship. And the others allowed that this
comparison seemed a very true one.

'But I will keep my eye on him, you may depend upon that,' Du Poizat
said in conclusion.

However, it was useless to study Rougon's face. It remained blank
and unruffled, almost child-like. Perhaps, after all, there was no
deception about his appearance. Clorinde, for her part, much preferred
that he should remain inactive. She was afraid that if they compelled
him to open his eyes he might thwart their plans. They were working
for his advancement, in spite of himself, as it were. By some means or
other, forcibly if necessary, they meant to thrust him into a position
of high authority. Then they would have a settlement.

Still matters seemed to advance very slowly, and the band began to
grow impatient. Du Poizat's views gained the mastery. They did not
openly reproach Rougon with all that they were doing for him, but they
assailed him with allusions and hints. The colonel would sometimes
come to the evening receptions with his boots white with dust. He
had not had time to go home and change them, he said. He was quite
knocked up with running about on foolish errands for which he should
probably never get any thanks. On other evenings M. Kahn, with heavy
eyes, complained of the late hours he had been compelled to keep for a
month past. He was going a great deal into society, he said, not for
pleasure, indeed, but because it enabled him to meet certain people
upon certain business. Then Madame Correur would relate affecting
stories; telling them, for instance, of some poor young woman, a
widow of the highest character, whom she visited, but was now unable
to assist. If she were the government, she said, she would take good
care to prevent injustice. Then the whole coterie would vent its own
sorrows; each would lament his or her present situation, and compare
it with what it would have been had they not behaved in the foolish,
soft-hearted way they had done. And all these endless complaints were
accentuated by meaning glances at Rougon. To rouse him they even went
so far as to praise M. de Marsy. At first Rougon preserved unruffled
tranquillity. He still showed no signs of understanding. But after
a few evenings, when the talk was of this kind, slight twitchings
would pass over his face at certain remarks made in his presence. He
expressed no annoyance, but pressed his lips together as though he were
pricked by some invisible needle. And at last he became so restless and
uneasy that he gave up his card-tricks. He could no longer accomplish
them successfully, and preferred to pace about the room, talking,
and suddenly hastening away when his friends began to launch veiled
reproaches at him. Every now and then he would turn white with anger,
and seem to be forcibly holding his hands behind his back to restrain
himself from turning the whole crew out of doors.

'My children,' said the colonel one evening, 'I sha'n't come here again
for a fortnight. It will be good for us to sulk for a while and see how
he can manage to amuse himself without us.'

Then Rougon, who had been thinking of closing his doors, felt very
much hurt at the way in which he was abandoned. The colonel kept his
word, and some of the others followed his example. The drawing-room
looked very empty; there were always five or six of the circle absent.
When one of them reappeared after a prolonged absence, and the great
man asked him if he had been unwell, the other merely answered in the
negative with an air of surprise, and gave no explanation. One Thursday
not a single person came. Rougon spent the whole evening alone, pacing
up and down the big room with his hands behind him and his head bent.
For the first time he felt the strength of the chain which linked him
to his band. He shrugged his shoulders to express his contempt for
the stupidity of the Charbonnels, the envious rage of Du Poizat, and
the suspicious affection of Madame Correur. Nevertheless, he felt a
craving, the jealous craving of a master secretly pained by their
slightest infidelities, to see and rule these friends of his, whom he
held in such light esteem. Indeed at the bottom of his heart he was
touched by their foolish behaviour and loved their faults. They seemed
to be part of his being, so that he felt diminished and incomplete
when they held aloof from him. As they continued to absent themselves
he ended by writing to them, and even called at their residences to
make peace with them after serious tiffs. Life at the house in the Rue
Marbeuf was now so much chronic quarrelling--a series of constantly
recurring ruptures and reconciliations.

Towards the end of December there was a particularly serious defection.
One evening, without anyone quite knowing why, one bitter remark led
to another, and it all ended by a very angry scene. For nearly three
weeks afterwards the meetings ceased. The truth is that the band was
beginning to lose hope. Their most earnest efforts seemed to have no
appreciable result. It was unlikely that the general situation would
change for a long time, and a sudden catastrophe, such as might render
Rougon necessary, could hardly be anticipated. They had anxiously
awaited the opening of the Corps Législatif, but this had gone off
without any other incident than the refusal of two republican deputies
to take the oath of allegiance. M. Kahn, who was the shrewd man of the
group, no longer hoped for any advantage from the course of general

Rougon, in his weary irritation, was occupying himself more
energetically than ever with his Landes scheme, as though to conceal
the feverish twitchings of his face, which he could no longer keep
placid and sleepy as formerly. 'I don't feel very well,' he sometimes
said. 'My hands tremble. My doctor has ordered me to take exercise. I
am out-of-doors all day.' He did, indeed, go out a great deal now, and
was to be met in the streets with his hands swinging and his head in
the air, absorbed in thought. When anyone stopped and questioned him he
said he had been tramping about all day.

One morning when he returned home to _déjeuner_, after a walk in the
direction of Chaillot, he found a gilt-edged visiting-card awaiting
him, on which was written Gilquin's name. The card was very dirty, and
bore the marks of greasy fingers. Rougon rang for his servant. 'Did the
person who gave you this card leave any message?' he asked.

The servant, who was new to the house, smiled. 'It was a gentleman in
a green overcoat,' he replied. 'He was very pleasant and offered me a
cigar. He only said that he was a friend of yours.' However, just as
the servant was leaving the room he turned and added: 'I think there's
something written on the back of the card.' Rougon turned it over and
read these words written in pencil: 'Can't wait. Will call again this
evening. Very urgent; a strange business.' Then he threw down the card
with a careless air. After _déjeuner_, however, the expression 'Very
urgent; a strange business,' recurred to his mind and haunted him,
till it at last rendered him quite impatient. What could this 'strange
business' of Gilquin's be? Since Rougon had charged the ex-commercial
traveller with sundry obscure and intricate commissions he had seen him
regularly once a week in the evening. Never before had Gilquin called
in the morning, so that the matter in hand must surely be something
out of the common. Rougon, quite at a loss to guess its nature, found
himself all aglow with impatience, and although he could not help
feeling that it was ridiculous, he resolved to go out and try to
discover Gilquin before the evening.

'Some tipsy story, I dare say,' he reflected as he went through the
Champs Élysées. 'Well, at any rate I shall satisfy myself.'

He was on foot, as he wished to carry out the directions of his doctor.
It was a lovely day; a bright, sunny January noontide. Gilquin appeared
to have removed from the Passage Guttin, for his card bore the address
Rue Guisarde, Faubourg Saint-Germain.

Rougon had an immense amount of trouble to find this filthy street,
which is situated near Saint-Sulpice's. At the end of a dark passage he
discovered a woman lying in bed, who called out to him in a voice which
quavered with fever: 'Monsieur Gilquin! I don't know whether he's in.
It's the door on the left on the fourth floor, right up at the top.'

When Rougon reached the fourth floor he saw Gilquin's name inscribed
on the door amidst some arabesques representing flaming hearts
transpierced by arrows. However, he knocked to no purpose; he could
hear nothing but the tick-tack of a cuckoo-clock and the mewing of a
cat. He had expected that he was coming on a vain errand, still he was
glad that he had come. His walk had relieved him. So he went downstairs
again, feeling more composed, and reflecting that he could very well
wait till the evening. When he got outside he slackened his steps,
crossed the Saint-Germain market, and then went down the Rue de Seine,
with no definite goal in view, but thinking that he would walk home,
although he already felt a little tired. Then, as he reached the Rue
Jacob, he remembered the Charbonnels, who lived there. He had not seen
them for ten days. They were sulking with him. However, he resolved to
call on them for a few minutes and offer them his hand. The afternoon
was so warm that he felt quite tender-hearted.

The Charbonnels' room at the Hôtel du Périgord overlooked the yard, a
gloomy well of a place which smelt like a dirty sink. It was a large,
dark room, with rickety mahogany furniture and curtains of faded red
damask. When Rougon entered it Madame Charbonnel was folding up her
dresses and laying them in a big trunk, while her husband perspired and
strained his arms in cording another trunk, a smaller one.

'Halloa! are you off?' Rougon asked, with a smile.

'Yes, indeed,' answered Madame Charbonnel, drawing a deep sigh. 'This
time we've quite made up our minds.'

However, they gave him a hearty welcome, apparently quite flattered at
seeing him in their room. All the chairs were littered with clothes,
bundles of linen, and baskets with splitting sides. So Rougon sat
down on the edge of the bed. 'Oh, don't trouble yourselves!' he said,
good-naturedly; 'I'm very comfortable here. Go on with what you're
doing; I don't want to disturb you. Are you going by the eight o'clock

'Yes, by the eight o'clock train,' M. Charbonnel replied. 'That gives
us just six more hours to spend in this beastly Paris. Ah! we sha'n't
forget it in a hurry, Monsieur Rougon!'

Then he, who generally spoke so little, launched into a flow of bitter
invective, and even shook his fist at the window while declaiming
against the horrid city, where one actually couldn't see clearly in
one's room at two o'clock in the afternoon. That dirty light which
filtered in through that narrow well of a yard was Paris! But, thank
Heaven, he was going to see the sun again in his garden at Plassans!
Then he looked round to make sure that he was forgetting nothing. He
had bought a railway time-table in the morning, and he pointed to a
cold roast fowl wrapt in some greasy paper, which they meant to take
with them to eat on their journey.

'Have you emptied everything out of the drawers, my dear?' he asked.
'My slippers were in the night-table. I think, too, that some papers
fell behind the chest of drawers.'

Rougon felt pained as he watched the preparations of these disconsolate
old folks, whose hands trembled as they made up their packages. Their
emotion seemed to him like a silent reproach. It was he who had kept
them in Paris, and their sojourn there was ending in complete failure,
a veritable flight.

'You are making a mistake,' he said at last.

But Madame Charbonnel answered with a gesture of entreaty as if to
beseech him to be silent. 'Don't make us any promises, Monsieur
Rougon,' she said sharply. 'They could only bring all our unhappiness
over again. When I think that we've been here for two years and a half!
Two years and a half, good heavens, in this hole of a place! My left
leg will never be free from pain again as long as I live. I have slept
on the far side of the bed, and that wall behind you fairly streams
with water at night. Oh, I couldn't tell you all we've gone through! It
would be too long a story. And we've spent a ruinous amount of money!
Only yesterday I was obliged to buy this big trunk to carry away the
things we have worn out while we have been in Paris; the wretchedly
sewn clothes, which the shopkeepers charged us most extortionately
for, and the linen which came back from the laundress's in rags. Ah! I
sha'n't be sorry to have seen the last of your laundresses! They ruin
everything with their acids.'

Then she threw a bundle of things into the trunk, and exclaimed: 'No,
this time we are certainly going. I think it would kill me to stay here
an hour longer.'

Rougon, however, insisted upon talking about their lawsuit. Had they
had any bad news? he asked. Then the Charbonnels told him, almost
crying as they did so, that the property of their cousin Chevassu
was certainly lost to them. The Council of State was on the point of
authorising the Sisters of the Holy Family to receive the legacy of
five hundred thousand francs. Their last remaining hope had expired on
hearing of the arrival of Monseigneur Rochart in Paris, whither he had
come, for the second time, to hurry the matter forward.

And all at once M. Charbonnel ceased to struggle with the cords of
the smaller trunk and raised his arms convulsively, while crying in
a broken voice: 'Five hundred thousand francs! Five hundred thousand

They both seemed overwhelmed. They sat down, the husband on the trunk
and the wife on a bundle of linen, amidst all the litter of the room.
And they began to pity themselves in a mournful strain; as soon as one
stopped the other began. They recalled their affection for their cousin
Chevassu. How fond they had been of him! As a matter of fact, they had
not seen him for more than seventeen years before his death. But, just
now, they wept over him in all good faith, and really believed that
they had shown him every kind attention during his illness. Then they
began to accuse the Sisters of the Holy Family of disgraceful scheming.
They had brought undue influence to bear on cousin Chevassu, they had
kept him from his friends, and had exerted constant pressure on his
mind, which illness had weakened. Madame Charbonnel, though she was
really a very devout woman, went so far as to relate a dreadful story,
according to which cousin Chevassu had died of fright after signing
his will at the dictation of a priest, who had shewn him the devil
standing at the foot of his bed. And as for the Bishop of Faverolles,
she said, it was a dirty part that he was playing, in despoiling a
couple of honest people, who were esteemed throughout Plassans for the
integrity they had shown in getting a little competency together in the
oil trade.

'But perhaps the case isn't hopeless yet,' said Rougon, seeing that
they were wavering. 'Monseigneur Rochart isn't the Divinity. I myself
haven't been able to do anything for you lately; I've had so much else
to occupy me. But let me find out exactly how matters stand. I don't
mean to let them prey on us.'

The Charbonnels looked at each other and shrugged their shoulders.
'It's really no use troubling about it, Monsieur Rougon,' murmured the

And as Rougon persisted, swearing that he would make every effort in
their favour, and could not let them go off in this way, the wife in
her turn said: 'It's really no use your troubling yourself about it.
You would only give yourself a lot of bother for nothing. We spoke of
you to our lawyer, but he only laughed at us, and said you had no power
now against Monseigneur Rochart.'

'And if you've no power, what's the good of troubling yourself?' asked
M. Charbonnel. 'We had much better give it up.'

Rougon had bent his head. These remarks cut him like lashes. Never
before had his powerlessness brought him such cruel pain.

'No; we are going back to Plassans,' continued Madame Charbonnel. 'It
is much the wisest thing to do. But we are not going away with any
grudge against you, Monsieur Rougon! When we see Madame Félicité, your
mother, we shall tell her that you would have cut yourself in pieces
for us. And if anyone else questions us you may be sure that we sha'n't
say a word against you. Nobody can be expected to do more than he's
able, can he?'

This was the last stroke. Rougon pictured the Charbonnels reaching
their distant home in the provinces. As soon as they had told their
news the little town would be yelping at him. It would be a personal
defeat, from which it would take him years to recover.

'But you must stay here!' he exclaimed. 'I will have you stay. We will
see if Monseigneur Rochart can gobble me up at a mouthful!'

He broke into a threatening laugh which quite alarmed the Charbonnels.
They continued to resist for some time, and then at last consented to
remain in Paris for another week, but not a single day longer. And
thereupon M. Charbonnel began to unknot the cords which he had fastened
about the smaller trunk, and his wife lighted a candle, although it was
scarcely three o'clock, in order that she might see to put the linen
and clothes in the drawers again. When Rougon left them he pressed
their hands affectionately and renewed his promises to do all he could.

Before he had gone ten yards down the street, however, he already began
to repent of what he had done. Why had he persuaded the Charbonnels
to stay when they were so anxious to be off? It would have been
a first-rate opportunity to get rid of them. And now he was more
committed than ever to bring about a successful issue of their suit.
He was especially vexed with himself for the motives of vanity which,
as he realised, had influenced him. They seemed unworthy of a man of
strength. However, he had promised, and must do what he could. Thus
thinking he went down the Rue Bonaparte, followed the quay, and then
crossed the Saints-Pères bridge.

The weather was still mild, but a rather sharp breeze was blowing along
the river. Rougon was half-way across and was buttoning his coat when
he saw a stout lady in furs immediately in front of him. It was Madame
Correur; he recognised her by her voice.

'Ah! is it you?' she said in a mournful tone. 'Well, as I've met you
I'll shake hands with you; but you wouldn't have seen me at your house
for another week. You haven't been acting like a friend.'

Then she began to reproach him for not having made an application which
she had been asking of him for months past. It was still the case of
that Mademoiselle Herminie Billecoq, a former pupil of Saint Denis,
whom her seducer, an officer, was willing to marry, if some good soul
would only give her the regulation dowry. Then, too, added Madame
Correur, the other ladies gave her no peace. The widow Leturc was
anxiously waiting for her tobacco shop, and the others, Madame Chardon,
Madame Testanière, and Madame Jalaguier, called on her every day to
relate their woes and remind her of the promises she had made them.

'I was counting upon you when I made them,' she said, in conclusion.
'Oh, you've left me in a nice hole! Well, I'm now on my way to ask the
Minister of Public Instruction for a scholarship for little Jalaguier.
You promised me that scholarship, you know.'

She heaved a deep sigh as she continued: 'We are obliged to go tramping
about all over the place now that you refuse to do anything for us.'

Rougon, whom the wind was slightly inconveniencing, had bent his
shoulders and begun to look at the Port Saint Nicholas below the
bridge. As he listened to Madame Correur he watched some men unloading
a barge laden with sugar-loaves, which they rolled down a gangway
formed of a couple of planks. A crowd of three hundred people or so was
viewing the operation from the quays.

'I am nobody now, and I can do nothing,' said the great man. 'It is
wrong of you to feel a grudge against me.'

'Stuff and nonsense!' replied Madame Correur scoffingly; 'I know you
well enough. Whenever you choose you can be what you like. Don't be a
humbug, Eugène!'

Rougon could not help smiling. The familiarity shown by Madame Mélanie,
as he had called her in former days, brought back recollections of
the Hôtel Vanneau, when he had no boots even to his feet, but was
conquering France. He forgot all the reproaches which he had addressed
to himself on leaving the Charbonnels. 'Well, well,' he said,
good-naturedly, 'what is it you have to tell me? But don't let us stand
here. It's almost freezing. As you are going to the Rue de Grenelle I
will walk with you to the end of the bridge.'

Then he turned and walked along beside Madame Correur, without,
however, offering her his arm; and the lady began to tell him her
troubles at great length. 'After all,' said she, 'I don't so much
mind about the others. Those ladies can very well wait. I shouldn't
bother you, I should be as merry as I used to be--you remember, don't
you?--if I hadn't such big troubles of my own. One can't help getting
bitter over them. I'm still dreadfully bothered about my brother. Poor
Martineau! His wife has made him completely mad; he has no feelings

Then she gave a minute account of a fresh attempt at reconciliation
which she had made during the previous week. In order, said she, to
find out exactly what her brother's disposition towards her might be,
she had sent him as ambassador one of her friends, that very Herminie
Billecoq, whose marriage she had been trying to effect for the last two

'Her travelling expenses cost me a hundred and seventeen francs,'
she continued. 'But how do you think they received her? Why, Madame
Martineau sprang between her and my brother, foaming at the mouth and
crying out that I was sending a crew of street-walkers to them, and
that she would have them arrested by the gendarmes. My poor Herminie
was still in such a tremble when I met her on her return at the
Montparnasse station that we were obliged to go into a café and drink

They had now reached the end of the bridge. The passers-by were
jostling them. Rougon tried to console Madame Correur, thinking of
all the kind things that he could say. 'It's extremely annoying. But,
you'll see, your brother will make it up with you by-and-bye. Time puts
everything straight.'

Then, as she still detained him at the corner of the footway, amidst
the uproar of the passing vehicles, he slowly walked up the bridge
again, she following and saying: 'When Martineau dies, his wife is
quite capable of burning any will he may leave behind him. The poor,
dear fellow is nothing more than skin and bones. Herminie says that he
looks dreadfully ill. I am terribly bothered about it all.'

'Well, you can do nothing now,' said Rougon, with a vague gesture; 'you
must wait.'

However, she stopped him again when he was half-way across the bridge,
and, lowering her voice, continued: 'Herminie told me a strange
thing. It seems that Martineau has gone in for politics now. He is a
Republican. At the last elections he threw the whole neighbourhood into
excitement. That news gave me quite a shock. He might get into trouble,

There was a short pause, during which Madame Correur looked searchingly
at Rougon. He had glanced at a passing carriage as though he wished to
avoid her gaze. Then, with an innocent air, he responded: 'Oh, don't
make yourself uneasy. You have friends, haven't you? Well, rely on

'You are the only person I rely on, Eugène,' she replied in a low,
tender voice.

At this Rougon seemed moved. He glanced at her, and was stirred by
the sight of her plump neck and painted face, which she struggled to
keep beautiful. She personified his youth. 'Yes, rely on me,' he said,
pressing her hands. 'You know very well that I am always on your side.'

He again accompanied her as far as the Quai Voltaire. And when she had
left him he at last made his way across the bridge, slackening his
steps as he went in order to watch the landing of the sugar-loaves at
the Port Saint-Nicholas. For a moment even he halted and let his elbows
rest on the parapet. But the sugar-loaves rolling down the gangway,
the greenish water flowing beneath the arches of the bridge, the crowd
of idlers and the houses all soon grew hazy and disappeared, and he
fell into a reverie. He became absorbed in dim, strange thoughts; it
seemed to him as if he were descending with Madame Correur into some
black abyss of human iniquity. However, he felt no regrets, no qualms;
he dreamt of becoming very great and very powerful, so that he might
satisfy the desires of those about him to an extent unnatural--even, as
it were, impossible.

A shiver roused him from his quiescence. He was trembling with cold.
The night was falling and the breeze from the river was stirring up
cloudlets of white dust on the quays. He felt very tired as he made his
way alongside the Tuileries, and suddenly lacked the courage to return
home on foot. All the passing cabs were full, however, and he had
almost relinquished the hope of securing one when he saw a driver pull
up his horse just in front of him. A head was thrust out of the window
of the vehicle. It was M. Kahn's. 'I was just going to your house. Get
in. I will drive you home, and we can talk as we go.'

Rougon got into the cab, and was scarcely seated before the ex-deputy
burst into tempestuous words amidst the jolting of the vehicle as its
horse went on at a sleepy trot: 'Ah, my friend,' said M. Kahn, 'I
have just had such a proposal made to me! You would never be able to
guess it! I feel as though I were choking!' Then he lowered one of the
windows, adding: 'You have no objection, have you?'

Rougon lay back in a corner of the cab, watching the grey wall of
the Tuileries gardens; while M. Kahn, very red in the face, and
gesticulating spasmodically, continued: 'I have been following your
advice, you know. For the last two years I have been struggling
persistently. I have seen the Emperor three times, and I have reached
my fourth petition on the subject. If I haven't succeeded in getting
the railway grant for myself, I have, at any rate, prevented Marsy from
getting it for the Western Company. Briefly, I manœuvred so as to keep
matters at a standstill till we should be the stronger party again, as
you advised me to do.'

He stopped for a moment, as his voice was drowned by the dreadful
clatter made by a passing cart laden with iron. When the cab had got
clear of this cart he continued: 'Well, just now, while I was sitting
in my study, a man whom I don't know, but who is a big contractor, it
appears, called on me and calmly proposed, in the name of Marsy and
the directors of the Western Railway Company, that if I would make a
million francs' worth of shares over to those gentlemen I should be
granted the necessary authorisation for my line. What do you think of

'The terms are a little high,' said Rougon, with a smile.

M. Kahn jerked his head and crossed his arms.

'Oh, you've no idea of the coolness of these people,' he continued.
'You ought to have heard the whole of my conversation with the
contractor. In consideration of the million's worth of shares Marsy
undertakes to support me, and to bring my claim to a successful issue
within a month's time. When I began to speak of the Emperor the
contractor only laughed, and told me plumply that if the Emperor was my
support I might as well give the whole thing up at once.'

The cab was now turning into the Place de la Concorde, and Rougon
emerged from his corner with a bright colour on his cheeks, as if
suddenly warmed. 'And did you show this fine gentleman the door?' he

The ex-deputy did not immediately answer, but looked at him with an
expression of great surprise. M. Kahn's anger had abruptly subsided.
For a while he lay back in his corner of the cab and yielded to the
jolts. Then he muttered: 'Ah, no; one doesn't show people like that to
the door without a little reflection. And, besides, I wanted to take
your advice. For my own part, I confess I am inclined to accept the

'Never, Kahn!' cried Rougon hotly. 'Never!'

Then they began to discuss the matter. M. Kahn quoted figures. No
doubt, said he, a commission of a million francs was an enormous
one, but he showed that it might easily be balanced by following
certain methods. Rougon, however, refused to listen, and waved his
hand to silence him. He himself held money in little account; if he
was unwilling that Marsy should pocket a million it was because the
gift of that million would be a confession of his own powerlessness,
an acknowledgment that he himself was beaten, and that the influence
of his rival was so much greater than his own that it might really be
priced at that exorbitant figure.

'Can't you see that Marsy is getting tired of the struggle?' said he.
'He's coming round. Wait a little longer and we shall get the grant for
nothing.' Then, in almost threatening tones, he added: 'I warn you that
we shall quarrel if you accept. I cannot allow a friend of mine to be
fleeced in that manner.'

A pause followed. The cab was now ascending the Champs Élysées. Both
men, wrapped in thought, looked as though they were counting the trees
in the side avenues. M. Kahn was the first to break the silence.
'Listen to me now,' he said in a low tone. 'I ask nothing better than
to keep on with you, but you must acknowledge that for the last two

Then he stopped; and, instead of finishing the sentence he had begun,
he gave another turn to his answer: 'Well, it isn't your fault. Just
now your hands are tied. We had better give them the million; believe
me, we had.'

'Never!' cried Rougon energetically. 'In a fortnight you shall have
your grant; in a fortnight, do you hear me?'

The cab had just stopped in front of the little house in the Rue
Marbeuf. Neither of them alighted, however. For some moments they
continued talking inside the vehicle, as though comfortably ensconced
in their own home. M. Bouchard and Colonel Jobelin were coming to
dine that evening with Rougon, and he pressed M. Kahn to join them;
but the other, to his great regret, he said, was obliged to decline
the invitation, as he was engaged elsewhere. The great man was now
enthusiastically determined upon obtaining the railway grant. When he
at length alighted from the cab he closed the door in a friendly way
and gave the ex-deputy a parting nod.

'Till next Thursday, then?' cried the latter, thrusting his head out of
the window as the cab drove off.

Rougon was feeling slightly feverish on his return. He could not even
read the evening papers. Although it was scarcely five o'clock, he
went straight to the drawing-room and began to walk up and down while
waiting for his guests. The first sunshine of the year, though it was
only a pale January sunshine, had given him a touch of headache. His
afternoon had left a very vivid impression upon him. All his friends
rose before him: those whom he put up with, those of whom he felt
afraid, and those for whom he had a genuine affection. They all seemed
to be goading him on, forcing him to some decisive step. And this did
not displease him; he felt that their impatience was reasonable, and he
realised that an anger akin to their own was rising up within himself.
It was as though the ground in front of him had gradually diminished,
as if the time was near when he would be compelled to make a formidable

Then he suddenly thought of Gilquin, whom he had entirely forgotten. He
rang for his servant to ask if 'the gentleman in the green overcoat'
had called again during his absence. But the servant had seen no one.
Then Rougon told him that if Gilquin should call during the evening he
was to be shown into his study. 'And you will let me know immediately,'
he added, 'even if we are at table.'

His curiosity was again roused, and he went to look for Gilquin's card.
He read the inscription, 'Very urgent; a strange business,' several
times over, without managing to make anything of it. When M. Bouchard
and the colonel arrived he slipped the card into his pocket, feeling
disturbed, even irritated, by those words, which kept buzzing in his

The dinner was a very plain one. M. Bouchard had been a bachelor
for the last two days, his wife having had to go into the provinces
on a visit to a sick aunt, of whom, strangely enough, she had never
previously spoken. The colonel, for whom there was always a cover laid
at Rougon's table, had that evening brought his son, whose holidays
were on just then. Madame Rougon did the honours in her kindly silent
fashion. Under her ever-vigilant eyes the repast was served, slowly,
but most carefully, and without the slightest noise. The conversation
turned upon the subjects of study in the public schools. The chief
clerk quoted some lines from Horace, and spoke of the prizes he had
gained in the examinations, about 1813. The colonel said he would
have liked a more military form of discipline among the pupils; and
then he went on to explain why Auguste had failed in his examination
for a bachelor's degree in November. The youth had such a lively
intelligence, he said, that he always went beyond the questions asked
by the examiners, and this had annoyed them. While his father was thus
explaining his failure, Auguste himself was eating some fowl, with a
sly smile on his beaming dunce's face.

They were at dessert, when the sound of a bell in the hall caused
Rougon the greatest emotion, and quite distracted his attention from
his guests. He felt sure that the ring was Gilquin's, and sharply
raised his eyes to the door, already mechanically folding up his napkin
in the expectation of being summoned from the room. But when the door
opened, it was Du Poizat who appeared. The ex-sub-prefect dropped into
a chair at a few feet from the table, as though he were quite at home.
He often called like this early in the evening, immediately after his
dinner, which he took at a little boarding-house in the Faubourg Saint

'I'm quite done up,' he said, without giving any particulars of the
intricate business which he had been transacting during the afternoon.
'I should have gone straight to bed, but I felt an inclination to come
and glance over the papers. They are in your room, I suppose, Rougon,
aren't they?'

He stayed where he was, however, and accepted a pear and half a
glass of wine. The conversation then turned upon the high price of
provisions, which had doubled, it was said, during the last twenty
years; M. Bouchard mentioning that he could remember having seen
pigeons sold at fifteen sous the couple when he was young. However, as
soon as the liqueurs and coffee had been handed round, Madame Rougon
quietly disappeared, and the men went into the drawing-room without
her. They all seemed quite at home. The colonel and the chief-clerk
carried the card-table in front of the fire, and began to shuffle the
cards, already preparing some wonderful combinations. Auguste sat
down at a side table and turned over some numbers of an illustrated
newspaper. Du Poizat had disappeared.

'Just look at the hand I hold,' exclaimed the colonel abruptly. 'Isn't
it a strange one?'

Rougon went up to the table and nodded. Then, when he had returned to
his chair in silence, and was taking up the tongs to move some of the
logs of the fire, the servant came in very quietly, and said in his
ear: 'The gentleman who called this morning is here.'

Rougon started. He had not heard the bell. When he went into his
study, he found Gilquin standing there with a rattan cane under his
arm, whilst, with a professional blinking of the eyes, he examined a
somewhat poor engraving of Napoleon at Saint Helena. Gilquin's long
green overcoat was buttoned up to his chin, and he had not even doffed
his black silk hat, which looked almost new, and was tilted very much
on one side.

'Well?' asked Rougon hastily.

Gilquin, however, seemed in no hurry, but jogged his head while looking
at the engraving, and saying: 'It's well expressed. How dreadfully
bored he looks, doesn't he?'

The room was lighted by a single lamp, which stood on a corner of the
writing-table. As Rougon entered, a slight noise, a gentle rustling
of paper, had come from behind a high-backed arm-chair which stood in
front of the mantelpiece, but then such perfect silence had fallen that
the previous sound might have been thought the mere cracking of some
half-extinguished piece of firewood. Gilquin declined to take a seat;
so he and Rougon remained standing near the door, in a patch of shadow
cast by a bookcase.

'Well?' Rougon asked again; and then he mentioned that he had called in
the Rue Guisarde during the afternoon.

At this Gilquin began to speak of his doorkeeper, an excellent woman,
who was, unfortunately, dying of consumption, which she had contracted
owing to the dampness of the ground floor of the house.

'But this important piece of business of yours? What is it?' asked the
great man impatiently.

'Oh, wait a moment,' rejoined the other, 'I have come about that. I'll
tell you about it directly. But did you go upstairs, and did you hear
my cat? It's a cat that came in by way of the roof. One night, when
my window was open, I found her lying by my side. She was licking my
beard. It seemed very droll, and so I kept her.'

Then, at last, he made up his mind to speak of the particular business
which had brought him there. It was a long story.[12] He commenced by
relating his amours with an ironing-girl, with whom he had fallen
in love one evening, as he was coming out of the Ambigu Theatre.
Poor Eulalie, he said, had been distrained upon by her landlord,
when only five instalments of her rent were due. For the last ten
days, therefore, she had been staying at a lodging-house in the Rue
Montmartre, near her work, and it was there that he himself had been
sleeping all the week, the room being on the second floor, a dark
little place at the far end of a passage, which overlooked a yard.

All this did not interest Rougon, still he listened with patient

'Well, three days ago,' continued Gilquin, 'I brought a cake and a
bottle of wine with me in the evening. We ate the cake and drank the
wine in bed. A little before midnight, Eulalie got up to shake out the
crumbs; and then she went soundly to sleep. She sleeps like a log. I,
myself, was lying awake. I had blown out the candle, and was staring
up into the darkness, when I heard a dispute in the next room. I ought
to tell you that between the two rooms there's a door which has been
fastened up. After a time the voices quieted down and peace seemed to
have been made; but I still heard such singular sounds that at last I
got out of bed and fixed my eye to a crack in the door. Well, you'll
never guess what I saw then!'

He stopped for a moment, and gazed at Rougon, revelling in the effect
which he thought he was producing.

'There were two men there: a young one of about five-and-twenty, who
was fairly good looking; and another who must have turned fifty,
short and thin, and of sickly appearance. Well, they were examining a
collection of pistols and daggers and swords, all kinds of brand new
weapons which glistened in the light. They were talking in a jargon
which I did not recognise at first, but afterwards, by certain words
I heard, I knew it was Italian. I've travelled in Italy, you know,
in the macaroni trade. Well, I strained my ear to listen, and then
I understood, my dear fellow. Those gentlemen have come to Paris to
assassinate the Emperor! There, what do you think of that?'

Then he crossed his arms and pressed his cane to his breast as he kept
on repeating: 'It's a funny business, isn't it?'

So this was Gilquin's strange affair! Rougon shrugged his shoulders.
Twenty times before had various conspiracies been reported to him.

'You told me to come and tell you all the gossip of the neighbourhood,'
resumed the ex-commercial traveller. 'Well, I want to render you all
the service I can, and so I tell you all I hear. It is wrong of you to
shake your head like that. Do you think if I had gone to the prefecture
that they would have sent me away without a nice little gratuity? But
I prefer benefiting my friends. I tell you that the matter is really
serious. So go and tell it to the Emperor, and just see how he embraces

For the last three days, Gilquin had been keeping a watch over those
fine gentlemen as he called them. During the daytime, two others
made their appearance, a young man, and another of mature years,
with a pale, handsome face and long black hair, who seemed to be the
chief.[13] They all looked tired out when they entered the room,
and they talked together in brief, guarded phrases. However, on
the previous night, Gilquin had seen them filling some little iron
'machines' which he believed were bombs. He had got Eulalie's key, and
had taken off his boots and kept a careful watch in the room, listening
to every sound. In the evening he so managed matters that Eulalie began
to snore at about nine o'clock, which, he had thought, would prevent
the others from feeling any suspicion; besides, it was never prudent,
he added, to let a woman have any share in political matters.

As Gilquin went on speaking, a grave expression came over Rougon's
face. He was beginning to believe the story. Beneath the ex-bagman's
vinous hilarity, amid the odd details mingled with the narrative, he
felt that there was a basis of positive truth. And then all his irksome
expectation during the day, all his anxious curiosity appeared to him
in the light of a presentiment, and he again experienced that inward
trembling which he had felt every now and then since the morning; the
involuntary emotion, as it were, of a strong man when he realises that
his fortune depends upon a single card. However, he affected utter
indifference: 'A set of imbeciles who must have the whole detective
force watching them,' he said.

Gilquin began to grin. 'The police had better lose no time, then,' he

Then he became silent, but he still smiled and gently tapped his hat.
The great man realised that he had not been told everything, and looked
at Gilquin searchingly. However, the other opened the door to take
his leave. 'Well, at any rate, I have given you warning,' he said.
'I'm going to dine now, my good fellow. I've had no dinner yet; I've
been playing the spy on my men all the afternoon, and I'm tremendously

At this Rougon stopped him, saying that he could let him have some
cold meat; and forthwith he ordered a cover to be laid for him in the
dining-room. Gilquin seemed quite touched by this attention. He once
more closed the study door, and, lowering his voice so that the servant
should not hear him, said to Rougon: 'You are a good fellow. Listen
to me, now. I don't want to tell you any lies. If you had received me
badly, I should have gone straight to the prefecture. But, now, I'll
tell you everything. That's honest, isn't it? I'm sure you won't forget
the service I'm rendering you. Friends are friends, whatever people
may say.' Then he leant forward and continued in a whisper: 'It is to
come off to-morrow night. They are going to blow Badinguet[14] up in
front of the Opera-house when he arrives there. The carriage and the
aides-de-camp and the whole lot will be clean swept away.'

While Gilquin sat down to his meal in the dining-room, Rougon remained
standing in the middle of his study, perfectly still and with an ashy
face. He was deep in thought, and seemed to be hesitating. At length
he sat down at his writing-table and took up a sheet of paper, but he
tossed it aside again almost immediately. For a moment it seemed as if
he were going to rush to the door and give an order. Then he slowly
came back and again became absorbed in thought, which cast a shrouding
gloom over his face.

Just at that moment the high-backed arm-chair in front of the
fire-place moved, and Du Poizat stood up, calmly folding a newspaper.

'What! were you there?' cried Rougon roughly.

'Of course; I have been reading the papers,' replied the
ex-sub-prefect, with a smile which revealed his irregular white teeth.
'You knew very well I was there; you saw me when you came in.'

This audacious falsehood cut all explanation short. The two men looked
at each other for some moments in silence. Then, as Rougon seemed to
consult him with his eyes, and again went towards the writing-table, Du
Poizat made a little gesture, which plainly signified: 'Wait a minute;
there is no hurry. We must consider matters.' Not a word was exchanged
between them, they both went back to the drawing-room.

Such an angry dispute had broken out that evening between the colonel
and M. Bouchard, on the subject of the Orleans Princes and the Count de
Chambord, that they had banged their cards down, and sworn that they
would never play with each other again. And then with glowering eyes
they had seated themselves on either side of the fire-place. However,
when Rougon returned, they were once more making friends by loudly
singing the great man's praises: that being the one subject on which
they could agree.

'Oh, I feel no constraint about it; I say it before his face,' the
colonel continued. 'There is no one to equal him at the present time.'

'We are speaking ill of you, you hear,' said M. Bouchard, with a
cunning smile.

Then the conversation went on:

'A brain far above the average.'

'A man of action, who has the _coup d'œil_ of born conquerors.'

'Ah! France wants his help sadly just now.'

'Yes, indeed. He could do something to get us out of the mess. He is
the only man who can save the Empire.'

As Rougon heard this his shoulders bent, and he affected a surly air by
way of modesty. Such incense was, however, extremely pleasant to him.
His vanity was never so delightfully titillated as when the colonel
and M. Bouchard bandied laudatory phrases like these about for a whole
evening. They talked a great deal of obvious nonsense, and their faces
wore gravely ridiculous expressions; but the more they grovelled in
their language the more did Rougon enjoy hearing their monotonous
voices as they sang his praises and lavished altogether inapplicable
commendation upon him. He sometimes made fun of them when they were
not there, but, for all that, his pride and craving for power found
gratification in their eulogies. They formed, as it were, a dunghill of
praise in which his huge frame could wallow at its ease.

'No, no; I am only a weak sort of man,' he said, shaking his head. 'If
I were really all that you believe----'

He did not finish his sentence, but sat down at the card-table and
began to consult the cards, a thing which he now seldom did. Meanwhile
M. Bouchard and the colonel continued to belaud him. They declared
that he was a great orator, a great administrator, a great financier,
and a great politician. Du Poizat, who had remained standing, nodded
his head assentingly; and presently, without looking at Rougon, and as
though the latter had not been present, he remarked: '_Mon Dieu_! Only
the least thing is needed to bring him into power again. The Emperor
is most favourably disposed towards him. If some catastrophe were to
happen to-morrow, and the Emperor should feel the need of an energetic
hand, why by the day after to-morrow Rougon would be minister--that's
the long and short of it.'

The great man slowly raised his eyes. Then he dropped back in his
chair, leaving his combinations with the cards unfinished, while his
face again clouded over. But the untiring flattery of M. Bouchard and
the colonel still rang out amidst his reverie as if to spur him on
to some resolution from which he yet recoiled. And at last a smile
appeared upon his face as young Auguste, who had just completed the
abandoned _réussite_ with the cards, exclaimed: 'It has come out all
right, Monsieur Rougon.'

'Of course! things always come all right,' said Du Poizat, repeating
the great man's favourite phrase.

However, at that moment a servant entered and told Rougon that a
gentleman and a lady wished to see him. And he handed him a card, at
the sight of which Rougon uttered a slight cry. 'What! Are they in

The visitors were the Marquis and Marchioness d'Escorailles. Rougon
hastened to receive them in his study. They apologised for the lateness
of their visit; and, in the course of conversation, gave him to
understand that they had been in Paris for a couple of days past, but
had feared lest a visit from them to one so closely connected with
the Emperor might be misconstrued; hence they had preferred to make
their call quite privately and at this somewhat unseemly hour. The
explanation in no way offended Rougon. The presence of the Marquis
and Marchioness under his roof was an unhoped-for honour. If the
Emperor himself had knocked at his door, he would not have felt more
gratification. Those old people coming to ask a favour of him typified
all Plassans offering him its homage; that aristocratic, cold and
haughty Plassans, which had ever seemed to him a sort of inaccessible
Olympus. An old ambitious dream was at last being realised, and he felt
that he was avenged for the scorn shown him by the little town when,
as a briefless advocate, he had dragged his worn-down boots about its
ill-paved streets.

'We did not find Jules at home,' said the Marchioness d'Escorailles.
'We were looking forward with pleasure to giving him a surprise. But he
has been obliged to go to Orleans on business, it seems.'

Rougon was not aware of the young man's absence; however, he quite
understood it on recalling the circumstance that the aunt whom Madame
Bouchard had gone to see lived at Orleans. Nevertheless he justified
Jules, saying that it was a serious matter, a question of abuse of
power, which had necessitated his journey. Then he told them that their
son was a very intelligent young man and had a great future before him.

'It is necessary for him to make his way,' said the Marquis, thus
lightly alluding to the ruin of the family. 'It was a great trial to us
to part with him.'

Then he and his wife in discreet fashion began to deplore the
necessities of those degenerate times which prevented sons from growing
up in the faith of their parents. They themselves had never set foot in
Paris since the fall of Charles X.; and they would not have come there
now if it had not been a question of Jules's future. Since their dear
boy, with their secret consent, had taken service under the Empire,
they had pretended to deny him before the world, but in reality they
were continually striving for his advancement.

'We make no pretence with you, Monsieur Rougon,' said the Marquis, in
a tone of charming familiarity. 'We love our boy; it is natural we
should. You have done a great deal for him already, and we thank you
heartily for it. But we want you to do more still. We are friends and
fellow-townsmen, are we not?'

Rougon bowed, feeling much moved. The humble demeanour of those old
people whom he had seen so majestic when they repaired on Sundays to
the church of Saint Marc, seemed to enhance his own importance. He gave
them formal promises of help.

As they were going off, after twenty minutes' friendly conversation,
the Marchioness took Rougon's hand and held it for a moment within
her own. 'Then we may rely upon you, dear Monsieur Rougon?' she said.
'We came from Plassans especially for this purpose. We were beginning
to feel a little impatient. At our age you can't wonder at it. Now,
however, we shall go back feeling very happy. People told us there that
you could no longer do anything.'

Rougon smiled. And with an air of decision that seemed prompted by some
secret thoughts of his own, he replied: 'Where there's a will there's a
way; rely on me.'

When they had left him, however, a shadow of regret passed over
his face. He was still tarrying in the ante-room, when he espied a
neatly-dressed man, who, balancing a small round felt hat between his
fingers, stood in a respectful attitude in a corner.

'What do you want?' Rougon curtly asked him.

The man, who was very tall and broad-shouldered, lowered his eyes and
replied: 'Don't you recognise me, sir?' And as Rougon declared that he
did not, the other continued, 'I'm Merle, your old usher at the Council
of State.'

At this Rougon became somewhat softer: 'Oh, yes! But you are wearing a
full beard now. Well, my man, what do you want me to do for you?'

Then Merle proceeded to explain matters in studiously polite language.
He had met Madame Correur in the afternoon, and she had advised him to
see Monsieur Rougon that very evening. If it had not been for that,
he, Merle, would never have presumed to disturb him at such an hour.
'Madame Correur is extremely kind,' he repeated several times. Then he
went on to say that he was out of employment. If he now wore a full
beard it was because he had left the Council of State some six months
previously. When Rougon inquired the reason of his dismissal, he would
not allow that he had been discharged for bad conduct, but bit his lip
and said: 'They all knew there how devoted I was to you, sir. After you
went away, I had to put up with all sorts of unpleasantness, because
I have never been able to conceal my real feelings. One day I almost
struck a fellow-servant who was saying provoking things, and then they
discharged me.'

Rougon looked at him searchingly. 'And so, my man, it's on my account
that you are now out of place?'

Merle smiled slightly.

'And I owe you another berth, eh? You want me to find you a situation

'It would be very kind of you, sir.'

There was a short pause. Rougon tapped his hands together in a fidgety,
mechanical way. But soon he began to smile, having made up his mind. He
had too many debts; he must pay them and get rid of them.

'Well, I will look after you,' he said, 'and get you a place somewhere.
You did right to come to me, my man.'

Then he dismissed him. He now hesitated no longer. He went straight
into the dining-room where Gilquin had just finished off a pot of
jam, after eating a slice of _pâté_, the leg of a fowl, and some
cold potatoes. Du Poizat, who had joined him, was sitting astride
a chair and talking to him. They were discussing women in somewhat
crude language. Gilquin had kept his hat on his head, and leant back,
lounging in his chair and picking his teeth, under the impression that
he was behaving in proper aristocratic style.

'Well, I must be off now,' he said, after gulping down the contents of
his glass, which was full, and smacking his lips. 'I am going to the
Rue Montmartre to see what has become of my birds.'

Rougon, who seemed in high spirits, began, however, to joke at him. Now
that he had dined, did he still believe in that story of a plot? Du
Poizat, too, affected complete incredulity. He made an appointment for
the next morning with Gilquin, to whom, he said, he owed a breakfast.
Gilquin, with his cane under his arm, asked as soon as he could get a
word in: 'Then you are not going to warn----'

'Yes, I am, of course,' Rougon replied. 'But they'll merely laugh
at me. In any case there's no hurry. There will be plenty of time
to-morrow morning.'

The ex-commercial traveller had already got his hand upon the handle of
the door. However, he stepped back with a grin on his face. 'For all I
care,' he said, 'they may blow Badinguet to smithereens.'

'Oh!' replied the great man, with an air of almost religious
conviction, 'the Emperor has no cause for fear, even if your story is
correct. These plots never succeed. There is a watchful Providence.'

That was the last word spoken on the matter. Du Poizat went off with
Gilquin, chatting with him familiarly. An hour later, at half-past ten,
when Rougon shook hands with M. Bouchard and the colonel as they took
their leave, he stretched his arms and yawned, saying, as was often his
wont: 'I am quite tired out. I shall sleep well to-night.'

On the following evening three bombs exploded beneath the Emperor's
carriage in front of the Opera-house. A wild panic seized the serried
crowd blocking up the Rue Le Peletier.[15] More than fifty people
were struck. A woman in a blue silk dress was killed on the spot and
stretched stark in the gutter. Two soldiers lay dying on the road. An
aide-de-camp, wounded in the neck, left drops of blood behind him.
But, under the crude glare of the gas, amidst the wreathing smoke, the
Emperor descended unhurt from his riddled carriage, and saluted the
throng. Only his hat was torn by a splinter from one of the bombs.

Rougon had spent the day at home. In the morning he had certainly
felt a little restless, and had twice been on the point of going
out. However, just as he was finishing _déjeuner_, Clorinde made her
appearance; and then, in her society, in his study, where they remained
till evening, he forgot everything. She had come to consult him on a
matter of great intricacy, and appeared extremely discouraged. She
could succeed in nothing, she said. But Rougon began to console her,
seemingly much touched by her sadness. He gave her to understand that
there was great reason for hope, and that things would altogether
change. He was by no means ignorant of the devotion of his friends, and
of all that they had done for him, and would make it his care to reward
them, even the humblest of them. When Clorinde left him, he kissed
her on the forehead. Then after dinner he had an irresistible longing
for a walk. He left the house and took the shortest way to the quays,
feeling suffocated and craving for the fresh breezes of the river.
It was a mild winter evening, and the low, cloudy sky hung over the
city in silent blackness. In the distance the rumbling traffic of the
main streets could be faintly heard. Rougon walked along the deserted
footways with a regular step, brushing the stone parapet with his
overcoat. The lights which spread out in the far distance, twinkling
through the darkness like stars that marked the boundaries of some
dead heaven, brought him a sensation of the spreading magnitude of all
those squares and streets, whose houses were now quite invisible. As
he walked along Paris seemed to grow bigger, to expand more in harmony
with his own huge form, and to be capable of giving him all the air
he needed to inflate his lungs. From the inky river, flecked here and
there with shimmering gold, there rose a gentle yet mighty breathing,
like that of a sleeping giant--fit accompaniment to his colossal dream.
Then as he came in front of the Palais de Justice, a clock struck
the hour of nine. There was a tremulous throbbing in the air, and he
turned to listen. Over the house-tops he fancied he could hear the
sounds of a sudden panic, distant reports like those of explosions, and
cries of terror. He suddenly pictured Paris in all the stupor born of
some great crime. Then he called to mind that afternoon in June, that
bright triumphant afternoon of the Baptism, when the bells had pealed
out in the hot sunshine, and the quays had been filled with a serried
multitude, when everything had told of the glory of the Empire at its
apogee, that glory beneath which he had for a moment felt crushed and
almost jealous of the Emperor. Now he seemed to be having his revenge.
The sky was black and moonless; the city was terror-stricken and dumb;
the quays were deserted and swept by a shudder which seemed to scare
the very gas-lights, as though some weird evil lay in ambush, yonder,
in the darkness of the night. Rougon drew in long breaths of air, and
felt that he loved that cut-throat Paris, in whose terror-striking
gloom he was regaining supreme power.

Ten days later, he became Minister of the Interior, in the place of M.
de Marsy, who was called to the Presidency of the Corps Législatif.



One morning in March, Rougon sat in his room at the Ministry of the
Interior, drawing up a confidential circular which was to be received
by the prefects on the following day. He kept stopping, and puffing,
and dashing his pen into the paper. 'Jules, give me a synonym for
authority,' he said. 'This language of ours is horrid. I keep putting
authority in every line.'

'Well, there's power, government, empire,' the young man answered with
a smile.

M. Jules d'Escorailles, whom Rougon had appointed his secretary,
was opening the ministerial correspondence at a corner of the
writing-table. He carefully cut the envelopes with a penknife, glanced
over the letters and then classified them. Meantime, the colonel, M.
Kahn and M. Béjuin sat in front of the grate where a large fire was
burning. They were all three reclining in their chairs and toasting
their feet in silence. M. Kahn read a newspaper, but the two others
placidly twiddled their thumbs and looked at the flames.

All at once Rougon rose from his chair, poured out a glassful of water
at a side table, and gulped it down at a draught. 'I don't know what I
can have eaten yesterday,' he said, 'but I feel as though I could drink
the Seine dry this morning.'

He did not immediately resume his seat, but began to pace the room
and stretch his burly frame. His heavy step shook the parqueterie
underneath the thick carpet. He drew back the green velvet window
curtains to let in more light, and then, coming back to the middle of
the room, which displayed the gloomy, faded magnificence of some palace
turned into a lodging-house, he remained there with his hands clasped
behind his neck, revelling, as it were, in the official perfume,
the odour of power which he inhaled there. He even broke into an
involuntary laugh, which grew louder and louder as it pealed forth his
sense of triumph. The colonel and the others turned upon hearing this
outburst of gaiety, and questioned him with their eyes.

'Ah! it's very nice, all the same,' were the only words he would say.

However, as he sat down again at the huge rosewood writing-table, Merle
came into the room. The usher was irreproachably dressed in black, with
a white tie. Not a hair remained upon his dignified face. He was again

'I beg your excellency's pardon,' he said, 'but the prefect of the

'Tell him to go to the deuce! I'm busy,' Rougon answered roughly.
'It's quite preposterous that I am never to be allowed a moment to

Merle seemed in no way disconcerted, however. 'The prefect,' he
resumed, 'says that your excellency is expecting him. There are also
the prefects of the Nièvre, the Cher, and the Jura.'

'Well, let them wait! That's what they're made for,' rejoined Rougon

The usher left the room. M. d'Escorailles had broken into a smile;
while the others who were warming themselves at the fire lolled back
more freely than ever in their chairs, and seemed amused by the
minister's reply. He was flattered by his success.

'It is true,' he said, 'that I have been going through the prefects for
the last month. It was necessary that I should have them all here. A
nice lot they are, too; some rare stupids amongst them. However, they
are very obedient. But I feel that I have had enough of them. And,
besides, it's for their benefit that I'm working this morning.'

Then he turned to his circular again. The warm silence of the room was
only broken by the scratching of his quill-pen and the slight rustling
of the envelopes which M. d'Escorailles opened. M. Kahn had taken up
another newspaper, and the colonel and M. Béjuin were half asleep.

Outside, France was hushed in fear. The Emperor, in summoning Rougon to
power, had been desirous of making examples. He knew the great man's
iron hand, and had said to him on the morning after the attempt on his
life, with all the anger of one who has just escaped assassination, 'No
moderation, mind! They must be made to fear you.' He had just armed
him, too, with that terrible Law of General Safety, which authorised
the confinement in Algeria or the expulsion from the empire of anyone
who might be convicted of a political offence. Although no single
Frenchman had taken part in the crime of the Rue Le Peletier, the
Republicans were about to be hunted down and transported; there was
to be a general sweeping away of the ten thousand 'suspects' who had
been passed over at the time of the _coup d'état_. There were rumours
of contemplated action by the revolutionary party. The authorities
were said to have made a seizure of weapons and treasonable documents.
Already in the middle of March, three hundred and eighty persons
had been shipped at Toulon for Algeria, and now every week a fresh
contingent was sent off. The whole country trembled in the terror
which like a black storm-cloud rolled forth from the room with the
green velvet curtains where Rougon laughed aloud while stretching his

The great man had never before tasted such complete contentment. He
felt well and strong, and was putting on flesh. Health had come back to
him with his return to power. When he walked about the room he dug his
heels into the carpet, as though he wanted his heavy tread to resound
throughout France. He would have liked to shake the country by merely
putting his empty glass down on the side-table or casting aside his
pen. It delighted him to be a source of fear, to forge thunderbolts
amidst the smiling gratification of his friends, and to crush a whole
nation with his swollen parvenu fists. In one of his circulars he had
written: 'It is for the good to feel confidence, and for the wicked
only to tremble.' He revelled in playing this part of a divinity,
damning some, and saving others. He was filled with mighty pride; his
idolatry of his own strength and intelligence was becoming a real
religion with him.

Among the new men who had sprung up with the Second Empire, Rougon had
long been known as a partisan of strong government. His name was a
synonym for stern repression, the refusal of all liberties; despotic
rule, in fact. All knew therefore what they had to expect when they
saw him called to office. To his intimate friends, however, Rougon
unbosomed himself. He did not, he said, so much hold opinions as feel a
craving for power. Power had too much attraction for him, and was too
essential to his appetite for him to refuse it, whatever the conditions
on which it might be offered to him.

To rule, to set his foot on the neck of the crowd, was his first and
immediate ambition; the rest was merely secondary matter to which he
could easily accommodate himself. The one thing which he really wanted
was to be chief. It so happened, however, that the circumstances under
which he was now returning to power made his success very pleasant.
The Emperor had given him complete liberty of action, and he was at
last in a position to realise his old dream of driving the multitude
with a whip like a herd of cattle. Nothing filled him with greater
satisfaction than to know that he was feared and disliked. And
sometimes when his friends told him that he was a tyrant, he smiled,
and said with deep meaning: 'If I should become a liberal some day,
people will say that I have changed.'

Rougon's very greatest joy was to stand triumphant amidst those friends
of his. He forgot France and the obsequious functionaries and the
crowd of petitioners who besieged his doors, to regale himself with
the perpetual admiration of his ten or twelve intimate associates. His
office was open to them at any hour, he allowed them to make it a home,
to take possession of his chairs, and even of his desk itself; he told
them that it was a pleasure to have them always about him like a pack
of faithful dogs. It was not he alone, but the whole coterie, that was
the minister. The bonds between them seemed to be drawn closer now that
success had come, and Rougon began to love his followers with a jealous
love, keeping them in constant communion with him, feeling as if his
greatness were increased by their several ambitions. He forgot his
secret contempt for them, and began to consider them very intelligent
and able, similar to himself. He particularly desired, moreover, that
he himself should be respected in their persons, and defended them
passionately as he might have defended the fingers of his hands. He
made their quarrels his own, and, smiling at the recollection of their
long endeavours on his behalf, he even ended by believing that he was
greatly indebted to them. Desiring nothing for himself, he lavished
upon them all the fruits of office, indulging to repletion in the
pleasure of enhancing the brilliancy of his fortune by thus scattering
the gifts at his disposal.

However, the big warm room remained silent for some time. Then M.
d'Escorailles, after glancing at the address on one of the envelopes
before him, handed it to Rougon without opening it. 'Here is a letter
from my father,' he said.

Writing in a strain of excessive humility, the Marquis thanked the
minister for having appointed Jules to be his secretary. There were two
pages of fine writing which Rougon carefully read. Then he folded the
letter and slipped it into his pocket. And before turning to his work
again he asked: 'Hasn't Du Poizat written?'

'Yes, sir,' answered the secretary, picking a letter out from among
the others. 'He is beginning to find his way about in his prefecture.
He says that Deux-Sèvres, and the town of Niort in particular, want
guiding with a firm hand.'

Rougon glanced over the letter, and remarked: 'Certainly; he shall
have all the authority he requires. There is no occasion to send him
any reply. My circular will be sufficient.'

Then he took up his pen again, and cudgelled his brains for some
suitable concluding sentences. Du Poizat had particularly wished to be
prefect at Niort, in his own native district, and the minister, when
taking any important decision, invariably thought of the department
of Deux-Sèvres, and governed France in accordance with the opinions
and necessities of his old comrade in poverty. Just as he was at last
finishing his circular to the prefects, something seemed to irritate M.

'It is abominable!' the latter exclaimed; and, rapping the newspaper
he was reading, he turned to Rougon, and cried: 'Have you read this?
There is a leading article here appealing to the basest passions. Just
listen to this: "The hand that punishes should be impeccable, for, if
justice miscarries, the very bonds which unite society loosen of their
own accord." You understand the insinuation, eh? And, here again, among
the miscellaneous paragraphs, there's a story about a Countess eloping
with the son of a corn-factor. The papers ought not to be allowed to
publish such things. It tends to destroy the people's respect for the
upper classes.'

'But the serial story is still more odious,' interposed M.
d'Escorailles. 'It's all about a wife, a woman of good breeding, who
betrays her husband. And the author does not even make her feel any

Rougon made an angry gesture. 'Yes,' he said, 'my attention has already
been called to that number. You will see that I have marked certain
passages with a red pencil. And it is one of our own papers, too! Every
day I am obliged to go over it line by line. Ah! the best of them are
bad; we ought to suppress them all!' Then, compressing his lips, he
added, in a lower tone: 'I have sent for the editor, and am expecting
him here presently.'

The colonel had taken the paper from M. Kahn. He also soon vented
expressions of indignation, and then handed the print to M. Béjuin, who
likewise showed his disgust Rougon, in the meanwhile, was resting his
elbows on his table and reflecting, with eyes half-closed.

'By the way,' he said, turning to his secretary, 'that poor Huguenin
died yesterday. That leaves an inspectorship vacant. We shall have to
appoint somebody to it.' Then, as the three friends sitting before
the fire briskly raised their heads, he continued: 'Oh, it's a post of
no importance. Six thousand francs a year. But it's true that there's
absolutely nothing to do----'

However, he was interrupted by a person opening the door of an
adjoining room.

'Oh, come in, Monsieur Bouchard, come in!' he cried, 'I was just going
to call for you.'

Bouchard, who had been appointed head of department a week previously,
had brought with him a memorandum about the mayors and prefects who
had asked for the crosses of chevalier and officer in the Legion of
Honour. Rougon had twenty-five crosses to dispose of among the most
meritorious of the applicants. He took the memorandum, read over the
names and consulted various papers, while M. Bouchard went up to the
fire and shook hands with the three others. Then, with his back against
the mantelpiece, and his coat-tails raised in order that he might warm
his legs, the chief of department said: 'A miserably wet day, isn't it?
We shall have a late spring.'

'It's awful,' replied the colonel, 'I feel one of my attacks coming on.
I had shooting pains in my left foot all night.'

'And how is your wife?' asked M. Kahn after a short pause.

'Thank you, she is very well,' replied M. Bouchard. 'I am expecting to
see her here this morning.'

Then there was another pause. Rougon was still examining the papers. As
he came to a certain name, he stopped. 'Isidore Gaudibert--that isn't
the man who writes verses, is it?'

'Yes, that is the man,' M. Bouchard answered. 'He has been Mayor of
Barbeville since 1852. On every happy event, the Emperor's marriage,
the Empress's confinement, and the Prince Imperial's baptism, he has
sent charming verses to their Majesties.'

The minister pouted scornfully. The colonel, however, asserted that he
had read the odes and thought them very fine. He referred to one in
particular, in which the Emperor was compared to a piece of fireworks.
Then without any transition the friends began to eulogise the Emperor.
They were all enthusiastic Bonapartists now. The two cousins, the
colonel and M. Bouchard, were completely reconciled, and, instead of
throwing the Orleans Princes and the Count de Chambord at each other's
head, rivalled in singing their sovereign's praise.

'Oh, no! not this one!' Rougon suddenly exclaimed. 'This Jusselin is a
creature of Marsy's. There is no call for me to reward the friends of
my predecessor.' Then with a stroke of his pen, that cut through the
paper, he effaced the name. 'But we must find some one,' he resumed.
'It is an officer's cross.'

The friends sat perfectly still. M. d'Escorailles, notwithstanding his
extreme youth, had received the chevalier's cross a week previously. M.
Kahn and M. Bouchard were already officers, and the colonel had just
been named commander.

'Well, let us see: an officer's cross,' said Rougon, beginning to refer
to his papers again. But he stopped short as if struck by a sudden
idea. 'Aren't you mayor of some place or other, Monsieur Béjuin?' he

M. Béjuin contented himself with nodding twice, but M. Kahn answered
more fully for him. 'Yes,' said he; 'he is Mayor of Saint Florent, the
little commune where his glass works are.'

'Well, then, that's settled!' said the minister, delighted to have
an opportunity of advancing one of his friends. 'You never ask for
anything for yourself, Monsieur Béjuin, so I must look after you.'

M. Béjuin smiled and expressed his thanks. It was quite true that he
never asked for anything, but he was always there, silent and modest,
on the look-out for such crumbs as might fall, and ready to pick them

'Léon Béjuin--isn't it?--in the place of Pierre François Jusselin,'
continued Rougon, as he altered the names.

'Béjuin, Jusselin; they rhyme,' observed the Colonel.

This remark struck the company as being very witty, and caused a deal
of laughter. At last M. Bouchard took the signed documents away, and
Rougon rose. His legs were paining him a little, he said. The wet
weather affected him.

However, the morning was wearing on; a hum of life came from the
various offices; quick steps resounded in the neighbouring rooms;
doors were opened and closed, and whispers half-stifled by the velvet
hangings were wafted hither and thither. Several clerks came into the
room to obtain the minister's signature to other documents. It was a
continual coming and going, the administrative machine was in full
work, throwing out an enormous number of documents which were carried
from office to office. And amidst all this hurrying to and fro, a score
of people were wearily waiting in the ante-room till his excellency
should be graciously pleased to receive them. Rougon, meantime, began
to display feverish activity and energy; giving orders in a whisper
in one corner of his room, then suddenly storming at some official in
another, allotting some task, or deciding a knotty question with a
word, while he stood there, huge and domineering, his neck swollen, and
his face a picture of strength.

However, Merle came into the room again with that quiet composure which
no rebuffs could ruffle. 'The prefect of the Somme----' he began.

'Again!' interrupted Rougon violently.

The usher bowed and then resumed, 'The prefect of the Somme has begged
me to ask your excellency if you can receive him this morning. If your
excellency cannot, then he would be much obliged to your excellency if
you would kindly fix a time for to-morrow.'

'I will see him this morning. Confound it all, let him have a little

Merle had left the door open, and the ante-room could be seen. It was
a spacious apartment, with a large table in the centre and a line of
arm-chairs, covered with red velvet, along the walls. All the chairs
were occupied, and there were even two ladies standing by the table.
Every face was turned towards the minister's room, with a wistful,
supplicating expression, as if seeking permission to enter. Near the
door, the prefect of the Somme, a pale little man, was talking with
his colleagues from the Jura and the Cher. He was on the point of
rising, in the expectation that he was at last about to be received in
audience, when Rougon again spoke. 'In ten minutes,' he said to Merle.
'Just at present I cannot see anyone.'

While he was speaking, however, he caught sight of M. Beulin-d'Orchère
crossing the ante-chamber, and thereupon he darted forward, and drew
him by the hand into his private room.

'Come in, my friend, come in!' he exclaimed. 'You have just come,
haven't you? You haven't been waiting? Well, what news have you

Then Merle closed the door, and the occupants of the ante-chamber were
left in silence and consternation. Rougon and M. Beulin-d'Orchère
talked together in whispers near one of the windows. The judge, who
had recently been appointed first president of the Court of Paris, was
ambitious of holding the Seals; but the Emperor, when sounded on the
matter, had shown himself quite impenetrable.

'Very good, very good,' said Rougon, suddenly raising his voice. 'Your
information is excellent. I will take steps, I promise you.'

He was just showing the judge out by way of his private room, when
Merle appeared once more. 'Monsieur La Rouquette,' he announced this

'No, no! I am busy, and he bores me,' said Rougon, signing
energetically to the usher to close the door.

M. La Rouquette distinctly heard what was said; still, this did not
prevent him from entering the minister's room with a smiling face. 'How
is your excellency?' he said, offering his hand. 'It's my sister who
has sent me. You seemed a little tired at the Tuileries yesterday. You
know that a proverb is to be acted in the Empress's apartments next
Monday. My sister is taking a part in it. Combelot has designed the
costumes. You will come, won't you?'

He stood there for a whole quarter of an hour prattling away in
wheedling fashion, addressing Rougon sometimes as 'your excellency,'
and sometimes as 'dear master.' He dragged in a few stories of the
minor theatres, praised a ballet girl, and begged for a line to the
director of the tobacco manufactory so that he might get some good
cigars. And he concluded by saying some abominable things about M. de
Marsy, though still continuing to jest.

'Well, he's not such a bad fellow, after all,' remarked Rougon, when
the young deputy had taken himself off. 'I must go and dip my face in
the basin. My cheeks feel as if they were burning.'

He disappeared for a moment behind a curtain, and then a great
splashing of water, accompanied by snorting and blowing, was heard.
Meantime, M. d'Escorailles, who had finished classifying his letters,
took a little file with a tortoise-shell handle from his pocket, and
began to trim his nails. M. Béjuin and the colonel were still gazing up
at the ceiling, so buried in their easy-chairs that it seemed doubtful
whether they would ever be able to get out of them again. M. Kahn,
however, was going through a heap of newspapers on a table near him.
He just turned them over, glanced at their titles, and then threw them
aside. Then he got up.

'Are you going?' asked Rougon, who now reappeared, wiping his face with
a towel.

'Yes,' replied M. Kahn, 'I've read the papers, so I'm off.'

Rougon, however, asked him to wait a moment. And then, taking him
aside, he told him that he hoped to go down to Deux-Sèvres during
the following week, to attend the inauguration of the operations for
the new line from Niort to Angers. He had several reasons, he said,
for wishing to visit the district. At this M. Kahn manifested great
delight. He had succeeded in getting the grant early in March, and
was now floating the scheme. And he was conscious of the additional
importance which the minister's presence would lend to the initial
ceremony, the details of which he was already arranging.

'Then I may reckon upon you to fire the first mine?' he said, as he
took his leave.

Rougon had returned to his writing-table, where he was consulting a
list of names. The crowd in the ante-room was now growing more and more
impatient. 'I've barely got a quarter of an hour,' he said. 'Well, I'll
see such as I can.'

Then he rang his bell, and, when Merle appeared, he said to him: 'Show
in the prefect of the Somme.' But he immediately added, still keeping
his eyes on the list of names: 'Wait a moment. Are Monsieur and Madame
Charbonnel there? Show them in.'

The usher's voice could be heard calling out, 'Monsieur and Madame
Charbonnel.' And thereupon the couple from Plassans appeared, followed
by the astonished eyes of the other occupants of the ante-chamber. M.
Charbonnel wore a dress-coat with square tails and a velvet collar, and
Madame Charbonnel was dressed in puce silk, with a bonnet trimmed with
yellow ribbons. They had been patiently waiting for two hours.

'You ought to have sent your card in to me,' said Rougon. 'Merle knows
you.' Then, interrupting their stammering greeting, in which the
words 'your excellency' again and again recurred, he gaily exclaimed:
'Victory! The Council of State has given judgment. We have beaten that
terrible bishop!'

The old lady's emotion upon hearing this was so great that she was
obliged to sit down, while her husband leant for support against an

'I learned this good news yesterday evening,' the minister continued.
'And as I was anxious to tell it to you, myself, I asked you to come
here. It's a pretty little windfall, five hundred thousand francs, eh?'

He began to jest, feeling quite happy at the sight of the emotion on
their faces. Some time elapsed before Madame Charbonnel, in a choking
timorous voice, could ask: 'Is it really all over, then? Really? Can't
they start the suit again?'

'No, no; be quite easy about it,' answered Rougon. 'The fortune is

Then he gave them certain particulars. The Council of State had
refused to allow the Sisters of the Holy Family to take possession of
the bequest upon the ground that natural heirs were living, and that
the will did not present the necessary appearances of genuineness.
Monseigneur Rochart was in a terrible rage, said Rougon; he had met
the bishop the previous day at the Ministry of Public Instruction,
and still laughed at the recollection of his angry looks. He seemed,
indeed, quite delighted with his triumph over the prelate.

'His Grace hasn't been able to gobble me up, you see,' he continued;
'I am too big a mouthful for him. I don't think, though, that it's all
over between us. I could see that by the look of his eyes. He is a man
who never forgets anything, I should imagine. However, the rest will be
my own business.'

The Charbonnels were profuse in their expressions of gratitude and
respect. They should leave Paris that same evening, they said; for
all at once great anxiety had come upon them. Their cousin Chevassu's
house, at Faverolles, had been left in the charge of a bigoted old
woman who was extremely devoted to the Sisters of the Holy Family, and
on learning the issue of the trial she might perhaps strip the house of
its contents and go off with them. The Sisters, said the Charbonnels,
were capable of anything.

'Yes, get off this evening,' the minister advised. 'If anything should
happen to bother you down there, just write and let me know about it.'

Then on opening the door to show them out, he noticed the marked
astonishment of the occupants of the ante-chamber. The prefect of the
Somme was exchanging a smile with his colleagues of the Jura and the
Cher, while an expression of scorn wreathed the lips of the two ladies
standing by the table. And thereupon Rougon raised his voice, saying:
'You will write to me, won't you? You know how devoted I am to you.
When you get to Plassans tell my mother that I am in good health.'

Thus speaking, he crossed the ante-chamber with them, accompanying them
to the outer door so as to exalt them before all the waiting people,
feeling in no wise ashamed of them, but proud, rather, of having come
himself from their little town, and of now being able to raise them
as high as he pleased. And the favour-seekers and the functionaries
bowed low, doing reverence, as it were, to the puce silk gown and
square-tailed coat of the Charbonnels.

When Rougon returned to his own room, he found that the colonel had
risen from his chair.

'Good-bye till this evening,' said Jobelin. 'It's getting rather too
warm in here.'

Then he bent forward to whisper a few words concerning his son Auguste,
whom he was about to remove from college, as he quite despaired of the
young fellow ever passing his examination. Rougon had promised to take
him into his office, although according to the regulations all the
clerks ought to hold a bachelor's degree.

'Very well, bring him here,' said the minister. 'I will have the
regulation relaxed; I will manage it somehow. And he shall have a
salary at once, as you are anxious about it.'

Thereupon the colonel went off, and M. Béjuin remained alone in front
of the fire. He wheeled his chair into a central position, and seemed
quite unaware that the room was growing empty. He always remained in
this fashion till every one else had gone, in the hope of being offered
something which had been hitherto forgotten.

Merle now received orders to introduce the prefect of the Somme.
Instead of going to the door, however, he stepped up to the
writing-table. 'If your excellency will kindly permit me,' he said,
with a pleasant smile, 'I will at once acquit myself of a little

Rougon rested his elbows on his blotting-pad and listened.

'It is about poor Madame Correur,' continued Merle. 'I went to see
her this morning. She was in bed. She has got a nasty boil in a very
awkward place; such a big one too; and although there is nothing
dangerous about it, it gives her a great deal of pain.'

'Well?' said the minister.

'Well, the poor lady very much wanted to come and see your excellency
to get the answers you had promised her. Just as I was coming away,
she asked me if I would bring her them after my day's work. Would your
excellency be so good as to let me do so?'

The minister quietly turned and said: 'Monsieur d'Escorailles, give me
those papers there, in that cupboard.'

It was to a collection of documents concerning Madame Correur that he
referred. They were tightly packed in a large case of stout grey paper.
There were letters, and plans, and petitions, in all kinds of writing
and spelling; requests for tobacco-agencies, for licenses to sell
stamps, petitions for pecuniary assistance, grants and pensions. Each
sheet bore a marginal note of five or six lines, followed by Madame
Correur's big masculine-looking signature.

Rougon turned the papers over and glanced at some brief memoranda
which he himself had written on them with a red pencil: 'Madame
Jalaguier's pension is raised to eighteen hundred francs,' he said. 'A
tobacco-agency is granted to Madame Leturc. Madame Chardon's tender is
accepted. Nothing has yet been done in Madame Testanière's matter. Ah!
you can say, too, that I have been successful in Mademoiselle Herminie
Billecoq's case. I have mentioned it to some ladies who will provide
the dowry necessary for her marriage with the officer who seduced her.'

'I thank your excellency a thousand times,' said Merle, with a low bow.

As he was going out, a charming blonde head, surmounted by a pink
bonnet, peeped in at the door, and a fluty voice inquired: 'Can I come

Then, without waiting for a reply, Madame Bouchard entered the room.
She had not seen the usher in the ante-chamber, so she had come
straight on. Rougon, who addressed her as 'my dear child,' asked her to
sit down, after momentarily detaining her little gloved hands within
his own. 'Have you come about anything important?' he asked.

'Yes, very important,' answered Madame Bouchard with a smile.

Rougon thereupon told Merle to admit nobody. M. d'Escorailles, who
had just finished trimming his nails, had advanced to greet Madame
Bouchard. She signed to him to stoop, and immediately whispered a few
words to him. He nodded assent, and then, taking his hat, turned to
Rougon, saying: 'I'm going to breakfast. There doesn't seem to be
anything else of importance excepting that matter of the inspectorship.
We shall have to give it to someone.'

The minister looked perplexed. 'Yes, certainly,' he said, 'we shall
have to appoint somebody. A whole heap of men have already been
suggested to me; but I don't care to appoint people whom I don't know.'

Then he glanced round the room as though trying to find somebody, and
his eye fell upon M. Béjuin, still silently lounging before the fire,
with an expression of complete unconcern upon his face.

'Monsieur Béjuin,' said Rougon.

M. Béjuin opened his eyes, but remained quite still.

'Would you like to be an inspector?' added the minister. 'I may tell
you that it's a post worth six thousand francs a year. There is nothing
to do, and the place is quite compatible with your position as a

M. Béjuin nodded gently. Yes, yes, he would accept the post. And so
the matter was settled. However, he still lingered before the fire
for a few more minutes, when it probably struck him that there was no
likelihood of his picking up any more crumbs that morning, for with a
dragging step he took himself off in the rear of M. d'Escorailles.

'There! we are alone now! Come, my dear child, what's the matter?' said
Rougon to pretty Madame Bouchard.

He wheeled up an easy-chair and sat down in front of her in the centre
of the room. And then for the first time he noticed her dress. It was
of very soft pale rose cashmere, and hung round her in close, clinging
folds. There seemed, also, to be something very bewitching about her
appearance that morning.

'Well, what's the matter?' repeated Rougon.

Madame Bouchard smiled without making any immediate answer. She sat
back in her chair, with parted lips showing her pearly white teeth.
Little curls peeped from under her pink bonnet, and there was a coaxing
expression on her little face, an air of mingled supplication and

'It is something I want to ask of you,' she murmured at last; and then,
in an animated way, she added: 'Promise me that you'll do it.'

But Rougon would promise nothing. He wanted to know what it was first.
He mistrusted ladies. And as she bent towards him, he said to her: 'Is
it something very unusual, that you daren't tell me? Well, I must get
it out of you by questions. Let us set about it methodically. Is it
something for your husband?'

But Madame Bouchard shook her head, while still continuing to smile.

'No! Is it for Monsieur d'Escorailles, then? You were plotting
something together in whispers a little while ago.'

But Madame Bouchard again shook her head; and pulled a pretty little
face which clearly signified that it had been necessary for her to get
rid of M. d'Escorailles. Then, as Rougon was wondering what it could
be that she wanted, she drew her chair still nearer to him. 'You won't
scold me, will you?' she said. 'You do like me a little, don't you?
Well, it's for a young man. You don't know him, but I'll tell you his
name directly, when you have promised to give him the post. Oh, it's
quite an insignificant one that I want for him. You will only have to
say a word and we shall be very, very grateful to you.'

'Is he a relation of yours?' Rougon inquired.

Madame Bouchard sighed deeply, glanced at him with languishing eyes,
and then let her hands slip down so that Rougon might take them in his
own. And finally in a very low voice, she replied: 'No, he's a friend
of mine--a particular friend--Oh! I am very unhappy!'

Her eyes added all that she left unsaid.

'But this is very shocking!' exclaimed the minister, and then, as she
still leant towards him, raising her little gloved hand to his lips to
silence him, he roughly repulsed her, compelling her to rise to her
feet. She remained before him with pale lips and downcast eyes. 'Yes,
it is disgraceful! abominable!' he continued. 'Monsieur Bouchard is an
excellent man. He worships you. He trusts you with blind confidence.
No, no, indeed! I will certainly not help you to deceive him. I refuse,
refuse absolutely, do you hear? It is of no use mincing words with you,
my pretty young woman!'

Then he checked himself, and, gradually becoming calmer, assumed an air
of great dignity. Seeing that Madame Bouchard had begun to tremble, he
made her sit down again while he himself remained erect, lecturing her
severely. It was a real sermon that he preached to her. He told her
that she was offending against all laws, both human and divine; that
she was standing on the brink of a precipice, and preparing for herself
an old age full of remorse. Then, fancying that he could detect a
faint smile hovering round the corners of her lips, he proceeded to
draw a picture of the old age he predicted, when her beauty would be
in ruins, her heart for ever empty, and her brow flushed with shame
beneath her white hair. And afterwards he discussed her conduct
from a social point of view, in this respect showing much severity,
and he went on to rail at modern licentiousness, at the disgraceful
dissoluteness of the times. Then he spoke of himself. He was the
guardian of the laws, he said, and could never abuse his power by
lending himself to the encouragement of vice. Without virtue it seemed
to him that government was impossible. Finally, he concluded by defying
his enemies to name a single act of nepotism in his administration, a
single favour granted by him that, was due to intrigue.

Pretty Madame Bouchard listened with downcast head, huddling herself up
in her chair and letting her delicate neck show from under the ribbons
of her pink bonnet. When Rougon had at last finished speaking, she rose
and made her way to the door, without saying a word. But as she laid
her fingers upon the handle, she raised her head and began to smile
again. 'He is named Georges Duchesne,' she murmured. 'He is principal
clerk in my husband's division, and wants to be assistant----'

'No, no!' cried Rougon.

Then she slowly left the room, casting a long contemptuous glance
at the minister, who came back from the door with an expression of
weariness on his face. He had beckoned to Merle to follow him. The door
remained ajar.

'The editor of the _Vœu National_, whom your excellency sent for, has
just arrived,' said the usher in a low tone.

'Very good,' replied Rougon; 'but I'll see the officials who have been
waiting so long first.'

Just at that moment, however, a valet appeared at the door which led to
the minister's private apartments, and announced that _déjeuner_ was
ready, and that Madame Delestang was waiting for his excellency in the
drawing room.

At this Rougon stepped forward. 'Tell them to serve at once,' he
replied briskly. 'So much the worse for the gentlemen; I will see them
afterwards. I'm frightfully hungry.'

Then he just popped his head through the doorway and gave a glance
round the ante-room, which was still full. Not a functionary or a
petitioner had moved. The three prefects were still talking together
in their corner. The two ladies by the table were leaning upon their
finger-tips, as if a little weary. The same people sat motionless and
silent in the red velvet chairs along the walls. Then Rougon left his
room, giving Merle orders to detain the prefect of the Somme and the
editor of the _Vœu National_.

Madame Rougon, who was not very well, had left on the previous evening
for the South of France, where she was going to stay for a month. She
had an uncle living in the neighbourhood of Pau. On the other hand,
Delestang had been in Italy for the last six weeks, on an important
mission connected with agriculture. And thus it came about that the
minister had invited Clorinde, who wanted to have a long talk with him,
to partake of _déjeuner_ at his official residence.

Patiently waiting for him, she was beguiling the time by glancing
through a law-treatise which she had found upon a table.

'You must be getting dreadfully hungry,' he said to her gaily as
he entered the drawing-room. 'I've had a tremendous lot to do this

Then he gave her his arm and conducted her into the dining-room, an
immense apartment where the little table, laid for two, near a window,
seemed quite lost. A couple of tall footmen waited upon them. Rougon
and Clorinde, who both preserved a very serious demeanour, ate rapidly.
Their meal consisted of a few radishes, a slice of cold salmon, some
cutlets with mashed potatoes, and a little cheese. They took no
wine--Rougon drank nothing but water of a morning--and they scarcely
exchanged a dozen words. Then, when the two footmen had cleared the
table and brought in the coffee and liqueurs, Clorinde glanced at
Rougon and gave a slight twitch of her eyebrows which he perfectly

'That will do; you can go now,' he said to the footmen. 'I will ring if
I require anything.'

The servants left the room, and Clorinde, rising from her chair, tapped
her skirt to remove the crumbs which had fallen on it. She was wearing
that day a black silk dress, somewhat too large for her and laden with
flounces, a very elaborate dress which so enveloped her figure as to
make her look like a mere bundle.

'What a tremendous place this is!' she remarked, going to the end of
the room. 'It's the kind of place for a wedding feast, this dining-room
of yours.' Then she came back and said: 'I should very much like to
smoke a cigarette, do you know?'

'The deuce,' replied Rougon; 'there's no tobacco. I never smoke myself.'

But Clorinde winked and drew from her pocket a little tobacco pouch, of
red silk, embroidered with gold, and scarcely larger than a purse. She
rolled a cigarette with the tips of her tapering fingers, and then, as
they did not wish to ring, they began to search the room for matches.
At last they found three on a sideboard, and Clorinde carefully carried
them off. With her cigarette between her lips, she sat back in her
chair and began to sip her coffee, while gazing smilingly at Rougon.

'Well, I am entirely at your service now,' he remarked, with an
answering smile. 'You want to talk to me; so let us talk.'

Clorinde made a gesture as though to express that what she had to say
was of no consequence. 'Yes,' she rejoined; 'I have had a letter from
my husband. He is feeling very bored at Turin. Of course, he is much
pleased at having got this mission, thanks to you, but he doesn't want
to be forgotten while he is away. However, we can talk of all that
presently. There's no hurry about it.'

Then she again began to smoke and look at Rougon with her irritating
smile. The minister had gradually accustomed himself to seeing her,
without worrying about those questions which had formerly so disturbed
him. Clorinde had now become a feature of his daily life, and he
accepted her as though he understood her, as though her eccentricities
no longer caused him the faintest surprise. As a matter of fact,
however, he knew nothing certain about her even yet: she was as great a
mystery to him as she had been in the first days of their acquaintance.
She constantly varied, sometimes acting childishly, sometimes showing
herself very deep and knowing; for although, as a rule, she seemed
very foolish, she occasionally manifested singular shrewdness. And
now, too, she was very gentle, and now extremely spiteful. When she
surprised Rougon by some word or gesture which he could not understand,
he shrugged his shoulders with an expression of superiority, opining
that all women behaved in that fantastic way. He fancied that he thus
manifested a supreme contempt for the sex, but his manner merely
sharpened Clorinde's smile, a smile which had an expression of crafty
cruelty about it, revealing as it did her eager teeth between her ruby

'Why are you looking at me in that way?' Rougon asked her at length,
feeling disturbed by the steady gaze of her large eyes. 'Is there
anything about me which displeases you?'

Some hidden thought had just brought a gleam from the depths of
Clorinde's eyes, and her lips had assumed a hard expression. But she
quickly put on a charming smile again, and began to puff out little
whiffs of smoke while saying: 'Oh, dear no, you're very nice. I was
thinking about something, my dear fellow. Do you know that you have
been very lucky?'

'How's that?'

'Why, yes. Here you are on the pinnacle which you were so anxious to
reach. Everybody has helped to lift you to it, and events themselves
have worked for you.'

Rougon was about to reply when there came a knock at the door. Clorinde
instinctively hid her cigarette behind her skirts. It was a clerk with
an urgent telegram for his excellency. Rougon read the despatch with an
air of displeasure, and after telling the clerk what reply was to be
made to it, hastily closed the door with a bang and took his seat again.

'Yes,' he said, 'I have certainly had some devoted friends, and am now
trying to remember them. And you are right, too, in saying that I owe
something to events. It often happens that men are powerless, unless
they are helped by events.'

As he spoke these words in slow deliberate tones he glanced at
Clorinde, lowering his heavy eyelids so as to conceal the fact that he
was trying to penetrate her meaning. Why had she spoken of his luck? he
wondered. What did she know of the favourable events to which she had
referred? Had Du Poizat been saying anything to her? But when he saw
the smiling, dreamy look of her face, which had suddenly softened, he
felt sure that she knew nothing whatever upon the subject. He himself,
too, was trying to forget certain things, and did not care to stir up
the inner chambers of his memory. There was an hour of his life which
now seemed hazy and confused to him, and he was beginning to believe
that he really owed his high position solely to the devotion of his

'I didn't want anything,' he continued; 'I was driven into it in spite
of myself. Well, I suppose things have turned out for the best. If I
succeed in doing any good, I shall be quite satisfied.'

Then he finished his cup of coffee, while Clorinde rolled another

'Do you remember,' she inquired, 'my asking you, two years ago, when
you were leaving the Council of State, your reason for your sudden
whim? You were very reserved then, but surely you can speak out now.
Come, between ourselves, tell me frankly if you had a definite plan in
your mind.'

'One always has a plan,' he answered shrewdly. 'I felt that I was
falling, and preferred to jump down of my own accord.'

'And has your plan been realised? Have events happened just as you

'Well, hardly that. Things never turn out exactly as one calculates.
One must be satisfied if one attains one's end somehow.' Then he paused
to offer Clorinde a glass of liqueur. 'Which will you have, curaçoa or
chartreuse?' She chose chartreuse; and, as Rougon was pouring it out,
there came another knock at the door. Clorinde again hid her cigarette
with a gesture of impatience, whilst Rougon got up angrily, still
holding the decanter. This time it was a letter bearing a large seal
which was brought for his inspection. When he had glanced at it, he put
it into his pocket.

'Very well,' he said. 'Don't let me be disturbed again.'

When he came back to Clorinde, the young woman was steeping her lips in
the chartreuse, slowly sipping it, while glancing upward at him with
glistening eyes. There was a tender look upon her face again.

Then, putting down her glass and leaning on the table, she said, in a
low voice: 'No, my dear fellow, you will never know all that was done
for you.'

Rougon drew his chair closer to hers and, in his turn, rested his
elbows on the table. 'Ah, you will tell me all about that now, won't
you?' he cried with animation. 'Don't let us have any more mysteries,
eh? Tell me all that you yourself did.'

She shook her head, however, while pressing her cigarette between her

'What, is it something dreadful?' Rougon asked. 'Are you afraid that I
shouldn't be able to repay you? Wait a moment, now; I'm going to try
to guess. You wrote to the Pope and you dropped a bit of consecrated
wafer into my water jug without letting me know?'

Clorinde seemed vexed by this jesting, and threatened to leave him if
he continued it. 'Don't scoff at religion,' she said. 'It will bring
you misfortune.'

Then, waving away the smoke which she was puffing from her lips and
which seemed to inconvenience Rougon, she continued in an expressive
tone: 'I saw a great many people indeed, and I won you several friends.'

She experienced a strong, an evil, inclination to tell him everything,
for she did not want him to remain ignorant of the fact that she had
done much for his advantage. Her confession would be a first instalment
towards the satisfaction of her patiently hoarded rancour. 'Yes, yes,'
she continued significantly; 'I won over to your side several men who
were strongly opposed to you. And I destroyed the influence of others.'

Rougon had turned very pale, for he understood her only too well. 'Ah!'
was all he said, as if to avoid the subject; but Clorinde defiantly
fixed her large black eyes upon him, and giving way he began to
question her. 'Monsieur de Marsy, eh?'

Clorinde nodded assent and then blew a whiff of smoke over her shoulder.

'Chevalier Rusconi?'

Again she nodded.

'Monsieur Lebeau, Monsieur de Salneuve, Monsieur Guyot-Laplanche?'

She nodded at each name, and then finished her glass of chartreuse in
little sips, with an expression of triumph on her face.

Rougon had risen from his seat. He walked to the end of the room as if
pondering, and then came back and stood behind Clorinde. She could hear
him panting. And all at once she turned sharply, fearing he was going
to kiss her hair. 'I know your thoughts,' said she, 'but remember, I
had no need to plead your cause with yourself.'

Then, as he looked at her, white with anger, she burst into a laugh.
'Oh! how simple you are!' she cried. 'If I just joke a little, you
believe all I say. Really, you are very amusing.'

Rougon stood there for a moment quite nonplussed. The ironical fashion
in which she contradicted herself made her more irritating and
provoking. Her whole person, her rippling laugh and glistening eyes,
confirmed her confessions and repeated them. However, just then there
came a third knock at the door.

'Well, I don't care, I shall stick to my cigarette this time,' said

An usher came into the room, quite out of breath, and stammered that
the Minister of Justice wanted to speak to his excellency. Then he cast
a furtive glance at the lady he saw smoking.

'Say that I have gone out!' retorted Rougon. 'I am not at home to any
one, do you hear!'

When the usher had bowed and retired backwards from the room, Rougon
vented his anger and brought his fist down upon the table. He was
scarcely allowed to breathe! he cried. Why, on the previous day they
had pursued him even to his dressing-room where he had gone to shave.

Clorinde, however, rose from her chair and deliberately walked to the
door. 'Wait a moment,' she said; 'they sha'n't disturb us again.' And
then she quietly turned the key in the lock. 'There!' she resumed.
'They may knock as much as they like now.'

She began to roll a third cigarette as she stood near the window.
Rougon stepped up to her and whispered close to her neck: 'Clorinde.'

She stood still, and he continued in deeper tones: 'Clorinde, don't you
know that I love you?'

She remained perfectly unruffled. She shook her head, but so feebly
that it seemed as if she wished to encourage him, and he ended by
planting a rough kiss on the back of her neck, just beneath her hair.
Then, however, she swung herself round, and with scorn in her eyes and
her voice she cried: 'Ah! so you've got another attack, my friend? I
thought you were cured of that. What a strange man you are! You kiss a
woman after eighteen months' consideration!'

Rougon remained for a moment with downcast head, but then sprang
towards her, caught hold one of her hands and began to cover it with
kisses. She made no attempt to withdraw it, but continued to jeer at

'Please don't bite my fingers. As long as you don't do that, I don't
mind. I should really never have believed it of you! You had become
so serious and steady when I went to see you in the Rue Marbeuf. And
now you're turned quite crazy again! Truly, you're a nice kind of
man! I can't keep up a passion as you do. It's all quite over with me.
Remember that I offered to be your wife, but you refused me then and
now it is too late.'

'Hear me,' he murmured, 'I will do anything, everything, you want.'

But the young woman shook her head, punishing him for his old contempt,
and enjoying, in so doing, a first instalment of her vengeance. She
had wanted to see him all-powerful in order that she might in her turn
treat him with contempt.

Then Rougon fell ignominiously at her feet and began to kiss her
skirts, grovelling there, humbling himself, he who could be so haughty
with others. As he gradually grew bolder, however, she said to him in
a quiet voice: 'Take care!' and as he disregarded her caution, she
suddenly touched his forehead with the burning end of her cigarette.
He recoiled with a faint cry, and she on her side darted away and
caught hold of the bell-rope which hung against the wall beside the
mantelpiece. 'I shall ring,' she said, 'and I shall say it was you who
locked the door!'

At this Rougon swung himself round, holding his hands to his temples,
and shaken by a violent tremor. Then for a moment he remained quite
still, feeling as though his head were going to split. He stiffened
himself in the hope of calming his feverishness. There was a ringing in
his ears, and his eyes were blinded by ruddy fires.

'I am a brute,' he murmured at last. 'It is folly.'

Clorinde laughed triumphantly, and began to point a moral. He did wrong
to despise women, said she. Later on, he would find that there were
such things as very clever women. Then she relapsed into a good-natured
playful tone. 'You are not vexed with me, are you? You must never try
to make love to me again, you know. I don't want you to do it. I don't
like to think of it.'

Rougon paced up and down, full of shame; while she let go of the
bell-rope, sat down at the table again, and compounded herself a glass
of sugar and water.

'Well, I got a letter from my husband yesterday,' she quietly resumed.
'I had so much to do this morning that I should probably have broken my
promise to come and lunch with you if I hadn't wanted to show you that
letter. See, here it is! It reminds you of your promises.'

Rougon took the letter and read it as he walked about the room. Then he
threw it on the table in front of Clorinde with a gesture expressive of

'Well?' she asked.

He made no immediate reply, but stretched himself and yawned. 'He is a
simpleton,' he said at last.

Clorinde was greatly offended. For some time past she had not tolerated
any doubt of her husband's capabilities. She bent her head for a moment
and repressed the rebellious twitchings of her hands. She was gradually
emerging from her disciple-like submissiveness, draining, as it were,
from Rougon sufficient of his strength to enable her to confront him as
a formidable foe.

'If we were to show this letter, it would be all over with him,' said
the minister, impelled by Clorinde's disdain to avenge himself upon her
husband. 'Ah! it isn't so easy as you suppose to find a place that he's
fit for.'

'You are exaggerating, my friend,' replied Clorinde, after a short
pause. 'You used to say that he had a great future before him. He
possesses some sterling good qualities; and it isn't always the
sharpest men who go furthest!'

Rougon, however, still paced the room, and shrugged his shoulders.

'It is to your interest that he should join the ministry,' continued
Clorinde. 'You would have a supporter in him. If it is true, as is
reported, that the Minister of Commerce and Agriculture is in bad
health and wishes to retire, the opportunity is a splendid one. My
husband is quite competent to perform the duties of the office, and
his mission to Italy would make his selection quite natural. You know
that the Emperor is very fond of him, and that they get on very well
together. They have the same ideas on many subjects. A word from you
would settle the matter.'

Rougon took two or three more turns before replying. Then, halting in
front of Clorinde, he said: 'Well, after all, I am agreeable. He won't
be the only simpleton in office. But I'm doing this solely for your
sake, remember. I want to disarm you. I am afraid you haven't a good
heart. You're too vindictive, aren't you?'

He spoke playfully, and Clorinde laughed as she replied: 'Oh, yes,
indeed; I'm very vindictive. I remember things a long time.'

Then, as she was about to leave him, he detained her for a moment by
the door, and twice squeezed her fingers, but did not say another word.

Directly Clorinde had gone, Rougon returned to his private office. The
spacious room was empty. He sat down at the writing-table and rested
his elbows on his blotting-pad, breathing heavily in the surrounding
silence. His eyelids dropped, and a deep reverie lulled him to a state
of drowsiness for the next ten minutes. Then he suddenly started,
stretched himself, and rang the bell.

Merle made his appearance.

'The prefect of the Somme is still here, isn't he?' asked Rougon. 'Show
him in.'

Bracing up his short figure, the prefect entered the room with a pale,
smiling face. He greeted the minister with all due deference. Rougon,
who felt little energy, waited till he had finished. Then he asked him
to be seated.

'I must tell you why I have sent for you, Monsieur le préfet,' he
began. 'There are certain instructions which must be given by word
of mouth. You are not ignorant of the fact that the revolutionary
party is raising its head. We have been within an ace of a frightful
catastrophe. The country requires to be reassured, to feel that it can
rely upon the energetic protection of the Government. His Majesty the
Emperor, on his side, has come to the conclusion that some examples
must be made, for hitherto his kindness has been strangely abused.'

Rougon spoke slowly, reclining in his arm-chair and playing the while
with a large agate seal. The prefect expressed his approval of each
sentence by a brisk nod.

'Your department,' continued the minister, 'is one of the worst. The
republican ulcer----'

'I make every effort----' interposed the prefect.

'Don't interrupt me. It is necessary that strong repressive steps
should be taken there; and it was to express my views to you on the
subject that I wished to see you. We have been drawing up a list----'

Then he began to search among his papers, took up a bundle of
documents, and turned them over one by one.

'It is a return for the whole of France of the number of arrests
that are considered necessary. The number for each department is
proportionate to the blow which it is intended to strike. I want you
to understand our object thoroughly. In the Haute-Marne, for instance,
where the Republicans are in a very small minority, there are to be
only three arrests. In the Meuse, on the other hand, there will be
fifteen. As for your department, the Somme--isn't it?--well, for the
Somme, we think----'

He turned the papers over again, blinking his heavy eyelids; then
raised his head and looked the prefect in the face. 'Monsieur le
préfet, you have twelve arrests to make,' said he.

The pale little man bowed. 'Twelve arrests,' he repeated. 'I understand
your excellency perfectly.'

He seemed perplexed, however, as though affected by some slight
misgivings which he would have preferred to conceal. However, after a
few minutes' general conversation, just as the minister rose to dismiss
him, he made up his mind to ask: 'Could your excellency tell me the
persons who are to be arrested?'

'Oh! arrest anybody you like!' Rougon replied. 'I can't trouble myself
about the details. I should never get through the work if I did. Leave
Paris this evening and begin your arrests to-morrow. I advise you,
however, to strike high. Down in your department you have some lawyers
and merchants and druggists who busy themselves with politics. Just
lock all those fellows up. It will have a good effect.'

The prefect passed his hand across his brow in an anxious way.
He was already searching his memory, trying to think of certain
lawyers, merchants, and druggists. However, he still nodded his head
approvingly. But Rougon was not altogether pleased with his hesitating
demeanour. 'I won't conceal from you,' he said, 'that his Majesty is
by no means satisfied just now with the administrative staff. There
will probably soon be a great change amongst the prefects. We need very
devoted men in the present grave circumstances.'

This affected the prefect like a cut from a whip.

'Your excellency may rely on me,' he exclaimed. 'I have already fixed
upon my men. There is a druggist at Péronne, a cloth merchant and a
paper maker at Doullens; and, as for the lawyers, there's no lack of
them; there's a perfect plague of them. Oh, I assure your excellency
that I shall have no difficulty in making up the dozen. I am an old
servant of the Empire.'

For another moment he chattered on about devoting himself to the saving
of the country, and then took his leave with a very low bow. When he
had closed the door behind him, the minister swayed his heavy frame
with an air of doubt. He did not believe in little men. Then, without
sitting down again, he drew a red line through La Somme upon his list.
The names of more than two-thirds of the departments were already
scored out in the same way.

When Rougon again rang for Merle, he was annoyed to see that the
ante-room was as full as ever. He fancied he could recognise the two
ladies still standing by the table. 'I told you to send everybody
away!' he cried. 'I am going out, and cannot see anybody else.'

'The editor of the _Vœu National_ is there,' murmured the usher.

Rougon had forgotten the editor. He clasped his hands behind his back,
and ordered Merle to admit him. The journalist was a man of some forty
years of age, with a heavy face, and was very carefully dressed.

'Ah! here you are, sir!' said the minister roughly. 'Things cannot go
on like this, I warn you of it.'

Then he began to pace the room, inveighing hotly against the press. It
was demoralising everything, bringing about general disorganisation,
and inciting to disorder of every kind. The very robbers who stabbed
wayfarers on the high-roads were preferable to journalists, said he.
A man might recover from a knife-thrust, but pens were poisoned.
Then he went on to make even more odious comparisons; and gradually
worked himself into a state of excitement, gesticulating angrily, and
thundering forth his words. The editor, who had remained standing, bent
his head to the storm, while his face wore an expression of submissive

'If your excellency would condescend to explain to me,' he at last
ventured to say; 'I don't quite understand----'

'What?' roared Rougon furiously. Then he sprang forward, spread out the
newspaper on his table, and pointed to the columns that were marked
with red pencil. 'There are not ten lines free from offence!' he
exclaimed. 'In your leading article, you appear to cast a doubt upon
the government's capacities in the matter of repressive measures. In
this paragraph on the second page you appear to allude to me when you
speak of the insolent triumph of parvenus. Among your miscellaneous
items there are a lot of filthy stories, brainless attacks upon the
upper classes.'

The editor clasped his hands in great alarm, and tried to get in a
word. 'I assure your excellency--I am quite in despair that your
excellency could suppose for a moment--I, too, who have such very warm
admiration for your excellency----'

Rougon, however, paid no attention to this. 'And the worst of the
matter is, sir,' he continued, 'that everyone is aware of your
connection with the administration. How is it likely that the other
newspapers will respect us, when those in our own pay do not? All my
friends have been denouncing these abominations to me this morning.'

Then the editor joined Rougon in declaiming against the incriminated
matter. He had read none of those articles and paragraphs, he said. But
he would at once dismiss all his contributors. If his excellency wished
it, he would send him a proof-copy of the paper every morning. Rougon,
who had relieved his feelings, declined this offer. He had not the time
to examine a proof-copy, he said. Just as he was dismissing the editor,
however, a fresh thought seemed to strike him. 'Oh, I was forgetting,'
he said. 'That well-bred woman who betrays her husband in the novel you
are publishing serially supplies a detestable argument against good
education. It ought not to be alleged that a woman of that kind could
possibly commit such a sin.'

'The serial has had a great success,' murmured the editor, again
feeling alarmed. 'I have read it, and have found it very interesting.'

'Ah! you've read it, have you? Well, now, does this wretched woman feel
any remorse in the end?'

The editor carried his hand to his forehead, amazed, and trying to
remember. 'Remorse? No, I think not,' he replied. Rougon had already
opened the door, and as he closed it upon the journalist, he called
after him: 'It is absolutely necessary that she should feel remorse!
Insist upon the author filling her with remorse!'



Rougon had written to Du Poizat and M. Kahn asking them to spare him
the infliction of an official reception at the gates of Niort. He
arrived there one Saturday evening a little before seven o'clock, and
at once went to the prefecture, with the intention of resting till
noon the following day, for he was feeling very tired. After dinner,
however, several people called. Doubtless the news of the minister's
arrival had already spread through the town. A small drawing-room near
the dining-room was thrown open, and a kind of impromptu reception was
organised. Rougon, as he stood between the two windows, was obliged to
stifle his yawns and reply as pleasantly as he could to the greetings
offered to him.

One of the deputies of the department, the very attorney who had
usurped M. Kahn's position as official candidate, was the first to make
his appearance. He arrived quite out of breath, half scared, wearing a
frock-coat and coloured trousers, for which he apologised on the ground
that he had only just returned on foot from one of his farms, and had
been anxious to pay his respects to his excellency as soon as possible.
Then a short fat man appeared, wearing a somewhat tight-fitting dress
coat and white gloves. There was an air of ceremonious regret about
him. He was the mayor's first assessor, and had just been informed by
his servant of Rougon's arrival. The mayor, he said, would be greatly
distressed. He was not expecting his excellency till the following day
and was at present at his estate of Les Varades, some six miles off.
After the assessor there came a procession of six gentlemen with big
feet, big hands, and big heavy faces. The prefect presented them to
Rougon as distinguished members of the Statistical Society. Then the
head-master of the state college arrived, bringing with him his wife,
a charming blonde of eight-and-twenty. She was a Parisienne, and her
dresses were the wonder of Niort. She told Rougon somewhat bitterly of
her great dislike for provincial life.

M. Kahn, who had dined with the minister and the prefect, was on his
side hotly plied with questions respecting the next day's ceremony. It
had been arranged that the party would repair to a spot some two or
three miles from the town, in the district known as Les Moulins, where
it was intended that the first tunnel on the new line from Niort to
Angers should be pierced; and there the Minister of the Interior was
to fire the first mine. Rougon, who had assumed a homely good-natured
manner, said that he merely wanted to do what he could to honour an old
friend's laborious enterprise. He moreover considered himself to be an
adopted son of the department of Deux-Sèvres, which in former days had
sent him to the Legislative Assembly. To tell the truth, however, the
real object of his journey was in accordance with Du Poizat's strongly
urged advice to display himself, in the plenitude of power, to his old
constituents, so as to make sure of their support should it ever become
necessary for him to enter the Corps Législatif.

From the windows of the little drawing-room the town could be seen
black and slumberous. No further visitors called. The news of the
minister's arrival had come too late in the day. This circumstance,
however, gave an additional feeling of triumph to the few zealous ones
who had put in an appearance at the prefect's. They gave no hint of
retiring, but seemed quite elated with joy at being the first to meet
his excellency in private conversation. The mayor's assessor repeated
in a doleful voice, through which rang a note of jubilation: '_Mon
Dieu_! how distressed the mayor will be! And the presiding judge, too,
and the public prosecutor and all the other gentlemen!'

Towards nine o'clock, however, it might have been supposed that the
whole town was in the ante-room, for a loud tramping of feet was
heard there. Then a servant entered the drawing-room and announced
that the chief commissary of police desired to pay his respects to
his excellency. And it was Gilquin who made his appearance: Gilquin,
looking quite gorgeous in evening dress and straw-coloured gloves and
kid boots. Du Poizat had given him a place in his department. He bore
himself very well, the only traces of his old manner being a somewhat
swaggering motion of his shoulders and a marked disinclination to
part with his hat, which he persisted in holding against his hip in
imitation of a pose which he had studied on a tailor's fashion-plate.
He bowed to Rougon and addressed him with exaggerated humility. 'I
venture to recall myself to the kind recollection of your excellency,
whom I had the honour of meeting several times in Paris,' said he.

Rougon smiled, and he and Gilquin chatted for a few moments. Then
the latter made his way into the dining-room, where tea had just
been served, and he there found M. Kahn, who was glancing over a
list of the guests invited to the next day's ceremony. In the little
drawing-room the conversation had now turned upon the grandeur of the
Emperor's reign. Du Poizat, standing by Rougon's side, was extolling
the Empire, and they bowed to one another as though they were mutually
congratulating themselves upon some personal achievement, while the
citizens of Niort clustered round, agape with respectful admiration.

'What clever fellows they are, eh?' said Gilquin, who was watching the
scene through the open doorway.

Then, as he proceeded to pour some rum into his tea, he gave M. Kahn
a nudge. Du Poizat, lean and enthusiastic, with his irregular white
teeth and feverish, childish face all aglow with triumph, appeared
to take Gilquin's fancy. 'Ah, you should have seen him when he first
arrived in the department,' said the commissary in a low voice. 'I was
with him. He stamped his feet angrily as he walked along. He no doubt
felt a grudge against the people here: and since he's been prefect,
he's been amusing himself by avenging all his youthful grievances. The
townspeople who knew him when he was a poor miserable fellow don't feel
inclined to smile now when they see him go past. He makes a strong
prefect; he's quite cut out for the post. He's very different from that
fellow Langlade, whom he superseded, a mere ladies' man, as fair as a
girl. We came across photographs of ladies in very low dresses even
amongst the official papers in his room.'

Then Gilquin paused. He fancied that the wife of the head-master had
her eyes on him. And so, desirous of displaying the graces of his
person, he bent forward again to speak to M. Kahn. 'Have you heard
of Du Poizat's meeting with his father?' he asked. 'Oh, it was the
most amusing thing in the world. The old man, you know, is a retired
process-server, who has got a nice little pile together by lending
petty sums by the week at high interest; and he now lives like a wolf
in an old ruin of a house where he keeps loaded guns in the hall. Well,
he had told his son a score of times that he would come to the gallows;
and Du Poizat had long dreamt of having his revenge. That, indeed, was
one of his reasons for wanting to be prefect here. So one morning he
put on his finest uniform, and, under the pretext of making a round,
he went and knocked at the old man's house. Then, after a good quarter
of an hour's parley, the father opened the door, a pale little old man
he was, and he gazed with a stupefied look at his son's gold-laced
uniform. Well, now, guess what was the first thing he said, as soon as
he discovered that his son had become the prefect! "Don't send for the
taxes any more, Leopold!" Yes, those were his very words. He didn't
show the slightest fatherly emotion. When Du Poizat came back, he was
biting his lips, and his face was as white as a sheet. His father's
unruffled tranquillity had quite exasperated him. Ah! he'll never
manage to subdue the old man!'

M. Kahn nodded his head discreetly. He had slipped the list of guests
into his pocket, and was now sipping a cup of tea while glancing
occasionally into the adjoining room. 'Rougon is half asleep,' he said.
'Those idiots ought to have enough sense to leave him and let him go to
bed. I want him to be in good form for to-morrow.'

'I hadn't seen him for some time,' said Gilquin. 'He has put on more
flesh.' Then, lowering his voice, he continued: 'They managed it very
cleverly, those two fine fellows! They worked some quiet trick or
other out of that bomb affair at the Opera which I had warned them
of. It came off, as you know; but Rougon pretends that he went to the
prefecture and that no one there would believe him. Well, that's his
business, and there's no occasion to say any more about it. On the day
of the affair, Du Poizat stood me a ripping _déjeuner_ at a café on
the boulevards. Oh! what a time we had! We went to a theatre in the
evening, I think, but I haven't any very distinct recollection of it,
for I slept for two days afterwards.'

M. Kahn now appeared to find Gilquin's confidences somewhat alarming,
for he got up and left the dining-room. Then the commissary felt quite
convinced that the head-master's wife was certainly gazing at him.
So he also went back into the drawing-room and busied himself about
her, and ended by bringing her some tea, biscuits and cake. He really
carried himself very well; he looked like a gentleman who had been
badly brought up, and this appeared to influence the beautiful blonde
in his favour.

However, the deputy was now engaged in demonstrating the necessity of
having a new church at Niort; the mayor's assessor asked for a bridge;
and the head-master urged the desirability of extending the college
buildings, while the six members of the Statistical Society silently
nodded approval of everything.

'Well, we will see about these matters to-morrow, gentlemen,' said
Rougon, whose eyelids were half-closed. 'I am here for the purpose of
inquiring into your needs and doing what I can to satisfy them.'

Ten o'clock was just striking when a servant came into the room and
said something to the prefect, who at once whispered a few words in the
minister's ear. The latter then hastened out of the drawing room. He
found Madame Correur waiting for him in an adjoining apartment. She was
accompanied by a tall, slim girl with a colourless freckled face.

'So you are in Niort, are you?' Rougon exclaimed as he joined them.

'Only since this afternoon,' replied Madame Correur. 'We are staying
just opposite, on the Place de la Préfecture, at the Hôtel de Paris.'

And then she explained that she had come from Coulonges, where she had
been spending a couple of days. But suddenly she paused to direct the
minister's attention to the tall girl beside her. 'This,' said she, 'is
Mademoiselle Herminie Billecoq, who has been kind enough to accompany

Herminie Billecoq made a ceremonious bow, and Madame Correur proceeded:
'I didn't say anything to you about this expedition of mine, because I
thought you might oppose it; but I really couldn't help going. I was
very anxious to see my brother. When I heard of your coming to Niort, I
hastened here. We looked out for you and saw you enter the prefecture,
but we thought it better to defer our visit till later on. These little
towns are much given to malicious scandal!'

Rougon nodded assent. He was indeed thinking that plump Madame Correur
with her painted face and bright yellow dress might, to provincial
eyes, very well appear to be a compromising person.

'Well, and did you see your brother?' he asked.

'Yes,' Madame Correur replied, clenching her teeth; 'yes, I saw him.
Madame Martineau didn't venture to turn me out of the house. She was
burning some sugar over the fire when I went in. Oh, my poor brother!
I knew that he was ill, but it gave me quite a shock to see him so
emaciated. He has promised that he won't disinherit me; it would be
contrary to his principles. He has made his will; and his property will
be divided between me and Madame Martineau. Isn't that so, Herminie?'

'Yes, the property is to be divided,' declared the tall girl. 'He told
you so when you first got there, and repeated it when he saw you away
from the door. Oh! there's no doubt about it; I heard him say so.'

Then Rougon tried to get rid of the two women by saying: 'Well, I'm
delighted to hear it. You will feel much easier now. These family
quarrels always get made up. Come, good-night; I'm going to bed now.'

But Madame Correur detained him. She had taken her handkerchief out of
her pocket and was dabbing her eyes with it, seemingly affected with
sudden grief. 'Oh, my poor Martineau!' said she, 'he was so kind and
good, and forgave me with such readiness! I wish you knew how good he
is, my dear friend. It is on his account that I have hurried here, to
petition you in his favour----'

Her tears prevented her from saying more, and she began to sob. Rougon
was at a loss to know what it meant, and looked at the two women in
astonishment. Then Mademoiselle Herminie Billecoq also began to cry,
but less demonstratively than Madame Correur. She was a very sensitive
young person, and was readily affected by another's grief.

'Monsieur Martineau has compromised himself in politics,' she stammered
amidst her tears.

Thereupon Madame Correur began to speak with great volubility. 'You
will remember,' she said, 'that I hinted my fears to you one day. I had
a presentiment of what would happen. Martineau was showing Republican
proclivities. At the last election he behaved very wildly, and made
the most desperate exertions in favour of the opposition candidate. I
was aware of things which I don't want to mention. However, it was all
bound to have a bad result. When I got to the Golden Lion at Coulonges,
where we had engaged a room, I questioned the people there, and I
learnt a good deal more from them. Martineau has been guilty of all
kinds of follies. No one in the neighbourhood would be surprised if he
were to be arrested. Every day they expect to see the gendarmes come
and take him off. You can imagine what a shock this was to me! And so I
thought of you, my dear friend----'

Her utterance was again choked by her sobs. Then Rougon tried to
reassure her. He would mention the subject to Du Poizat, he said, and
he would stop any proceedings that might have been instituted. 'I am
the master,' he even added; 'come, go to bed and sleep quietly.'

But Madame Correur shook her head and twisted her pocket-handkerchief.
Her eyes were quite dry now. 'Ah! you don't know everything,' she
said. 'It is a more serious matter than you suppose. He takes Madame
Martineau to mass, but stays outside himself and proclaims that he
never sets foot in a church; and this causes a dreadful scandal every
Sunday. Then, too, he frequents a retired lawyer in the neighbourhood,
one of the men of '48, and can be heard talking to him for hours in the
most dreadful way. Suspicious-looking men, too, have often been seen to
slip into his garden at night-time, with the intention, no doubt, of
receiving directions from him.'

Rougon shrugged his shoulders at each fresh detail, but Mademoiselle
Herminie Billecoq, as though shocked by such tolerance, added sharply:
'And he receives letters with red seals from all sorts of countries.
The postman told us that. He didn't want to speak about it at first,
he was quite pale. We had to give him twenty sous. And then, a month
ago, Monsieur Martineau left home for a week, without anyone in the
neighbourhood having the slightest idea where he went. The landlady of
the Golden Lion told us that he hadn't even taken any luggage with him.'

'Herminie, I beg of you to be quiet!' said Madame Correur uneasily.
'Martineau has got quite sufficient against him as it is. There is no
occasion for us to add any more.'

Rougon was now listening and glancing at the two women in turn. He
had become very serious. 'Well, if he has compromised himself so much
as that----' he began, pausing, however, as he fancied that he could
detect a fiery gleam igniting in Madame Correur's troubled eyes. 'Well,
I will do all I can,' he resumed; 'but I make no promises.'

'It is all up with him; it is all up with him!' exclaimed Madame
Correur. 'I feel quite certain of it. We don't want to say anything;
but if we told all----' Then in her turn she paused and began to bite
her pocket handkerchief. 'And to think that I hadn't seen him for
twenty years, and have only now just seen him to be parted from him for
ever, perhaps! He was so kind, so very kind!'

Herminie, however, gently shrugged her shoulders and made signs to
Rougon, as if to tell him that he must excuse a sister's despair, but
that the old attorney was really a great rascal. 'If I were you,' she
said to Madame Correur, 'I would tell everything. It will be much the

Then the elder woman seemed to brace herself up for a great effort.
'You remember,' she said, lowering her voice, 'the "Te Deums," which
were sung everywhere, when the Emperor so miraculously escaped being
murdered in front of the Opera-house? Well, on the very day when they
were singing the "Te Deum" at Coulonges, one of Martineau's neighbours
asked him if he wasn't going to church, and the wretched man replied,
"Why should I go to church, indeed? I don't care a fig for your

'I don't care a fig for your Emperor!' repeated Mademoiselle Herminie
Billecoq, with an air of consternation.

'You can understand my alarm now,' continued the retired boarding-house
keeper. 'As I told you before, no one in the neighbourhood would be the
least surprised to see him arrested.'

As she spoke these last words, she fixed her eyes searchingly on
Rougon. He made no immediate reply. He seemed to be trying to read her
flabby face, her pale eyes, which blinked beneath light and scanty
brows. For a moment his gaze rested on her plump white neck. Then he
threw out his arms and said: 'I can do nothing, I assure you. I am not
the master.'

And he gave his reasons. He felt certain scruples, he said, about
interfering in affairs of this kind. If the law had been invoked,
matters would have to take their course. It would even have been better
if he had not known Madame Correur, as his friendship for her would
tie his hands, for he had sworn never to render certain services to
his friends. However, he would inquire into the matter. And he tried
to console her, as though her brother were already on his way to some
penal settlement. She bent her head, and her sobs shook the big coil
of light hair which lay on the nape of her neck. Presently she grew
calmer, and as she took leave, she pushed Herminie in front of her,
exclaiming: 'Mademoiselle Herminie Billecoq; but I fancy I have already
introduced her to you. Please excuse me, my head is in such a state.
She is the young lady for whom we succeeded in obtaining a dowry. The
officer who seduced her has not yet been able to marry her on account
of the interminable formalities which have to be gone through. Thank
his excellency, my dear.'

The tall girl expressed her thanks, blushing, as she did so, like an
innocent maiden in whose presence some indelicate remark has been made.
Madame Correur let her leave the room before her; then she pressed
Rougon's hand tightly, and, bending towards him, said: 'I rely upon
you, Eugène!'

When the minister returned to the little drawing-room, he found it
deserted. Du Poizat had succeeded in getting rid of the deputy, the
mayor's assessor and the six members of the Statistical Society. M.
Kahn had also taken his departure, after making an appointment for
ten o'clock the next morning. In the dining-room there only remained
the head-master's wife and Gilquin, who were eating little cakes, and
chatting about Paris. Gilquin made soft eyes at the lady and talked to
her about the races, the picture-shows, and a new piece at the Comédie
Française, with the ease of a man to whom all kinds of life were
familiar. The head-master, in the meantime, was speaking in a low tone
to the prefect about the fourth form professor, who was suspected of
Republican proclivities.

However, eleven o'clock struck. The remaining visitors rose and bowed
to his excellency, and Gilquin was just about to retire with the
head-master and his wife, to the latter of whom he had offered his arm,
when Rougon detained him.

'Monsieur le Commissaire,' he said, 'a word with you, I beg.'

When they were alone together, he addressed himself to the commissary
and prefect simultaneously: 'What is this business of Martineau's?' he
asked. 'Has the man really compromised himself?'

Gilquin smiled, and Du Poizat proceeded to give a few particulars:
'I wasn't thinking of taking any steps in the affair,' he said. 'The
man has certainly been denounced to me, and I have received letters
about him. There is no doubt that he mixes himself up in politics. But
there have already been four arrests in the department, and I should
have preferred making up my five, which was the number you fixed, by
locking up the master of the fourth form at the college here who reads
revolutionary books to his pupils.'

'I have been told of some very serious things,' said Rougon sternly.
'His sister's tears must not be allowed to save this man Martineau,
if he is really as dangerous as is alleged. The public safety is at
stake.' Then he turned towards Gilquin. 'What is your opinion on the
matter?' he asked.

'I will arrest him in the morning,' the commissary replied. 'I know all
about the matter. I have seen Madame Correur at the Hôtel de Paris,
where I generally dine.'

Du Poizat made no objection. He took a little memorandum-book from his
pocket, struck out a name, and wrote another in its place, at the same
time recommending the commissary of police to keep his eye upon the
master of the fourth form. Rougon accompanied Gilquin to the door.
'This man Martineau is not very well, I believe,' he said. 'Go to
Coulonges yourself, and treat him decently.'

Gilquin pulled himself up with an offended air, and setting aside all
respect for his excellency, familiarly exclaimed: 'Do you take me for
a mere common policeman? Ask Du Poizat to tell you about the druggist
whom I arrested on the day before yesterday. There was a lady with him,
but nobody knows it. I always act with the greatest discretion.'

Rougon slept soundly for nine hours. When he opened his eyes the next
morning, at about half-past eight, he sent a message for Du Poizat
to come to him. The prefect arrived with a cigar in his mouth, and
seemed in high spirits. They talked and joked together as they had
done in former days, when they had lodged at Madame Correur's, and had
roused each other with playful slaps. However, while the minister was
washing, he questioned the prefect about the neighbourhood, asking for
particulars of the different officials and their various desires and
vanities. He wanted to have a pleasant remark ready for each of them.

'Oh, don't worry yourself,' replied Du Poizat, with a laugh; 'I will
prompt you.'

Then he gave him some information about the different people with whom
he would come into contact. Rougon occasionally made him repeat what
he said in order to impress it upon his memory. At ten o'clock, M.
Kahn made his appearance. They all three had _déjeuner_ together, and
finally arranged the details of the ceremony. The prefect would make
a speech, as would also M. Kahn. Rougon would follow the latter; but
they considered that a fourth speech would be desirable. For a moment
they thought of the mayor, but Du Poizat declared that he was a stupid
fellow, and advised the selection of the chief surveyor of bridges and
highways, to whom the proceedings of the day naturally seemed to point,
though M. Kahn was afraid of this official's spirit of criticism. As
they got up from table, M. Kahn took the minister aside to tell him of
the points which he hoped he would bring forward in his speech.

It had been arranged that the party should meet at the prefecture at
half-past ten. The mayor and his assessor arrived together. The former
stammered forth his unbounded regret that he had been absent from Niort
on the previous evening, while the latter affectedly hoped that his
excellency had slept well, and had quite recovered from his fatigue.
Then the President of the Civil Tribunal, the public prosecutor and
his two assessors, and the chief surveyor of bridges and highways made
their appearance. They were quickly followed by the receiver-general,
the comptroller of the direct taxes, and the registrar of the
department. Several of these officials were accompanied by their wives.
The wife of the head-master of the college, the beautiful blonde, wore
a most effective sky-blue dress, and attracted great attention. She
begged his excellency to excuse her husband, who had been prevented
from coming by an attack of gout, which had seized him soon after his
return home on the previous evening. However, other personages were
arriving; the colonel of the seventy-eighth regiment of the Line, which
was stationed at Niort; the President of the Tribunal of Commerce,
the two justices of the peace, the conservator of rivers and forests,
accompanied by his three daughters, with various municipal councillors
and delegates from the consultative Chamber of Arts and Manufactures,
the Statistical Society, and the Council of the Board of Arbitration
between employers and employed.

The reception was held in the large drawing-room of the prefecture.
Du Poizat made the presentations, and the minister received all the
guests with smiling bows as though they were old friends. He exhibited
wonderful knowledge about each of them. He spoke to the public
prosecutor of a speech lately made by him in the course of a trial for
adultery; he asked the comptroller of taxes, in sympathetic tones,
after the health of his wife, who had been laid up for the last two
months; he detained the colonel of the seventy-eighth for a moment to
let him see that he was not unacquainted with the brilliant progress
made by his son at Saint Cyr; he talked about boots to a municipal
councillor, who owned a great boot-making establishment; while with
the registrar, who was an enthusiastic archæologist, he discussed a
druidical stone which had been discovered during the previous week.
Whenever he hesitated, thinking of the right thing to say, Du Poizat
came to his assistance and cleverly prompted him in a whisper.

As the President of the Tribunal of Commerce came into the room and
bowed to him, Rougon exclaimed, in an affable voice: 'Ah! are you
alone, Monsieur le Président? At all events I trust that we shall have
the pleasure of seeing your wife at the banquet this evening----'

He stopped short, noticing the expression of embarrassment which came
over the faces around him. Du Poizat, moreover, nudged his elbow.
Then he recollected that the President of the Tribunal of Commerce
was living apart from his wife in consequence of certain scandals. He
had made a mistake. He had thought that he was addressing the other
president, the chief judge of the Civil Tribunal. However, he was in
no way disconcerted. He still smiled; and, making no reference to his
unfortunate remark, continued, with a shrewd air: 'I have a pleasant
piece of news for you, monsieur. I know that my colleague, the Minister
of Justice, has put your name down for the cross of the Legion of
Honour. Perhaps I ought not to have mentioned it, but you will keep my

The President of the Tribunal of Commerce turned quite scarlet. He
almost choked with joy. His friends pressed round him to congratulate
him, while Rougon made a mental note of this cross--which he had so
opportunely thought of bestowing--so that he might not forget to
mention the matter to his colleague. It was the betrayed husband that
he was decorating. Du Poizat smiled with admiration.

There were now some fifty people in the drawing-room. They still waited
on; but the faces of many of them were beginning to show signs of

'Time is flying; we might perhaps make a start,' said the minister.

But the prefect bent towards him, and explained that the deputy, M.
Kahn's former opponent, had not yet arrived. Presently, however, this
gentleman made his appearance, perspiring profusely. His watch had
stopped, he said, and he had been quite put out of his reckoning.
Then, wishing to let the company know of his visit on the previous
evening, he went on to remark, in a loud voice: 'As I was saying to
your excellency last night----' And afterwards he walked off alongside
of Rougon and informed him that he intended to return to Paris on the
following morning. The Easter recess had terminated on the previous
Tuesday, and the Chamber was again sitting. He had considered it his
duty, however, to remain for a few days longer at Niort in order to
welcome his excellency to the department.

All the guests trooped into the courtyard of the prefecture, where ten
carriages, drawn up on either side of the steps, were awaiting them.
The minister, the deputy, the prefect and the mayor got into the first
barouche. The others installed themselves as hierarchically as they
could. There were two more barouches as well as three victorias, and
some waggonettes with seats for six or eight persons. The procession
formed up in the Rue de la Préfecture, and started off at a gentle
trot. The ladies' ribbons streamed in the air, and here and there their
skirts protruded out of the carriages, while the gentlemen's black
hats shone brightly in the sun. The procession had to pass through a
considerable section of the town; and, owing to the rough pavement of
the narrow streets, the vehicles jolted dreadfully as they passed on
with a crash like that of iron. And at every door and every window were
townsfolk who bowed in silence while looking for his excellency, and
experiencing much surprise when they saw his plain frock-coat beside
the prefect's gold-laced uniform.

On leaving the town, the procession passed along a wide promenade
planted with magnificent trees. It was a warm, pleasant, April day,
with a clear sky full of sunlight. The road, which was straight and
level, lay between gardens gay with blossoming lilacs and apricot
trees. Presently, however, cultivated fields spread out, dotted here
and there with copses.

'That's a spinning mill, isn't it?' asked Rougon, towards whom the
prefect had just bent. 'A mill which belongs to you, I believe,' he
continued, addressing the mayor, and calling his attention to a red
brick building on the river bank. 'I have heard of your new system
of wool carding. I will try to find time to go and inspect all those

Then he began to ask some questions respecting the motive power of
the river. In his opinion, said he, hydraulic power, under favourable
conditions, possessed enormous advantages. He quite astonished the
mayor by the amount of technical knowledge he displayed. Meantime the
other carriages followed on in somewhat irregular fashion. Snatches
of conversation, bristling with figures, could be heard amidst the
jog-trot of the horses. Then a rippling laugh attracted everyone's
attention. It came from the head-master's wife, whose sun-shade had
just flown away and fallen on to a heap of stones.

'You have a farm about here, haven't you?' said Rougon, turning
to the deputy with a smile. 'That's it on the hill, if I'm not
mistaken. What splendid meadows! I know that you interest yourself in
cattle-breeding, and won several prizes at the last shows.'

Then they began to talk about cattle. Steeped in the sunshine, the
meadows looked like soft green velvet. Wild flowers were springing
up all over them. Athwart the curtains of tall poplar trees one had
glimpses of charming bits of landscape. However, an old woman leading
an ass came along and was obliged to stop at the roadside to let the
procession pass. The ass, frightened by the sight of so many carriages
with panels gleaming in the sunshine, began to bray; but the gaily
dressed ladies and begloved gentlemen remained perfectly serious.

The procession now climbed a slight hill on the left, and then
descended again. They had reached the scene of the ceremony. It was a
sort of _cul-de-sac_, a hollow gap walled in by hills on three sides.
Nothing broke upon the prospect save the gaping ruins of a couple
of windmills. And in this hollow, in the centre of a patch of grass
land, a tent of grey canvas, with a wide crimson border, had been set
up; its four sides were decorated with trophies of flags. A thousand
sight-seers, middle-class folks and peasants whose curiosity had
induced them to walk over, had taken up position in the shade on the
right-hand side, where one of the hills rose up like an amphitheatre.
A detachment of the seventy-eighth regiment was ranged in front of the
tent, opposite the Niort firemen, whose fine bearing was much noticed;
while a gang of navvies in new blouses, with engineers in frock-coats
at their head, stood waiting at the edge of the patch of grass. As soon
as the carriages appeared, the Niort Philharmonic Society, composed
of amateur instrumentalists, began to play the overture to 'La Dame

'Long live his excellency! cried a few persons whose voices were
drowned by the sound of the instruments.

Rougon alighted from his carriage, raised his eyes, and looked about
the hollow in which he found himself, vexed to find the spot so small,
so shut in, for this seemed to detract from the impressiveness of the
ceremony. He stood for a moment on the grass, waiting for some one to
receive him. At last M. Kahn hastened up. He had left the prefecture
immediately after _déjeuner_, and had just been to examine the mine
which his excellency was to fire, to see if all were right. It was he
who conducted the minister into the tent; and then the guests followed.
There was some little confusion for a moment; and Rougon began to ask
for particulars. 'It is yonder, then, in that cutting, that the tunnel
is to commence?'

'Exactly,' replied M. Kahn. 'The first mine has been laid in that
reddish rock where your excellency sees a flag flying.'

The hill-side at the end of the hollow had been broken up by picks till
its rocky base was disclosed to view. Several uprooted trees were lying
about amongst the excavations, and the cutting was strewn with foliage.
M. Kahn pointed out the course the line would take. It was marked by a
double row of stakes stretching away amid grass and paths and thickets.
It was a pretty piece of quiet country that they were going to rip up.

However, the guests and officials had by this time collected in the
tent. Some curious sight-seers in the rear were bending forward
to glance through the openings, and the instrumentalists of the
Philharmonic Society was just finishing the overture to 'La Dame

'Monsieur le ministre,' suddenly exclaimed a shrill voice which
vibrated amidst the silence, 'it is my privilege to be the first to
thank your excellency for having so kindly accepted the invitation
which we ventured to address to you. The department of Deux-Sèvres will
ever preserve a grateful recollection----'

It was Du Poizat who had begun to speak. He stood some three yards
away from Rougon; and at the finish of certain sentences they slightly
bowed to one another. The prefect went on speaking for a good quarter
of an hour. He reminded the minister of the brilliant fashion in which
he had represented the department in the Legislative Assembly. The
town of Niort had then inscribed his name in its annals as that of a
benefactor, and longed for any occasion upon which it might show its
gratitude. Every now and then the prefect's voice was quite lost in the
air, and only his gestures, an even, regular working of his right arm,
could be seen; and then the crowd ranged on the hill-side gave their
attention to the gold embroidery on his sleeve, which flashed brightly
in the sunshine.

Afterwards, however, M. Kahn stepped into the middle of the tent.
He had a very deep voice, and seemed to bark out some of his words.
The hill-side gave an echo which repeated snatches of sentences upon
which he lingered too complacently. He spoke of all the long efforts,
studies and toilsome steps which had devolved upon him during nearly
four years in his struggle to obtain a new line for the district. Now,
every kind of prosperity would rain down upon the department. The
fields would be fertilised; the factories would double their output;
and commerce would make its way into the humblest villages. To hear him
talk, it might have been supposed that Deux-Sèvres was about to become
a sort of fairy-land, with rivers of milk and enchanted groves, where
tables laden with good things would await every passer-by. All at once,
however, he affected an exaggerated modesty. They owed him, said he,
no gratitude whatever. He himself could never have carried out such a
vast scheme without the high patronage of which he was so proud. Then,
turning towards Rougon, he called him 'the illustrious minister, the
promoter and supporter of every useful and noble idea.' In conclusion,
he dwelt upon the financial advantages of the scheme. At the Bourse,
he said, people were fighting for the shares. Happy were those who
had been able to invest their money in an enterprise with which his
Excellency, the Minister of the Interior had been willing to connect
his name!

'Hear! hear!' cried some of the guests.

The mayor and several of the officials grasped M. Kahn's hand. He
affected to be greatly moved. Outside there were bursts of cheering,
and the bandsmen of the Philharmonic Society considered it proper to
strike up a quick march. Thereupon the mayor's assessor sprang forward
and sent a fireman to silence them. In the meantime, the chief surveyor
of bridges and highways was hesitating and repeating that he had
prepared no speech for the occasion. However, as the prefect continued
to press him, he gave way. At this M. Kahn seemed very uneasy, and
murmured to Du Poizat: 'You've made a mistake. He's sure to say
something nasty.'

The chief surveyor was a tall, lean man, who considered himself endowed
with great powers of irony. He spoke slowly, and gave a twist to his
mouth every time he delivered himself of one of his epigrammatic
thrusts. He commenced his speech by overwhelming M. Kahn with praises.
Then the unpleasant remarks began; and he briefly criticised the
projected railway with all the contempt of a government engineer for
the plans and designs of a private one. He referred to the opposition
scheme of the Western Company, which had contemplated carrying the
line past Thouars, and he laid stress, without seeming to do so
maliciously, upon the fact that the loop in M. Kahn's plan would
benefit the blast-furnaces at Bressuire. There was nothing obviously
bitter in what he said, but amidst his pleasant sentences there was
many a little stab which could be felt only by the initiated. He
became, however, more cruel towards the end of his speech, when he
seemed to regret that 'the illustrious minister' should have run
the risk of compromising himself by countenancing an undertaking
whose financial prospects were a source of disquietude to all men of
experience. Enormous sums of money would be wanted, he said, as well
as the greatest integrity and most perfect disinterestedness. Then,
in conclusion, he gave his mouth a twist and spoke in this fashion:
'That these fears, however, are quite chimerical we can have no doubt,
when we see at the head of the undertaking a man whose wealth and high
commercial probity are so well known throughout the department.'

A murmur of approval ran through the audience; though a few people
glanced at M. Kahn, who with pale lips was endeavouring to smile.
Rougon had listened with his eyes half closed, as though he were
inconvenienced by the brightness of the light. When he opened them
again they were black and stern. His original intention had been to
make a very brief speech indeed; but he now felt that he had to defend
one of his own band. With three steps he reached the edge of the tent,
and there, with a sweeping gesture that seemed to call upon all France
to listen to him, he began: 'Gentlemen, let me in imagination overleap
these hills which surround us and embrace the whole empire at one
glance, and thus exalt the ceremony which has brought us together by
making it a festival of industrial and commercial labour. At this very
moment, while I am now addressing you, from the north to the south of
the country canals are being excavated, railway lines are being laid
down, mountains are being tunnelled, bridges are being built----'

Perfect silence had fallen all around. Not a sound broke upon the
speaker's words save the rustling of the trees or the grating of some
river-lock in the distance. The firemen striving to bear themselves
as martially as the soldiers beneath the hot sun, cast side-long
glances at the minister, without turning their necks. The spectators
on the hill-side, however, were taking their ease. Ladies had spread
their handkerchiefs on the ground and were sitting on them; and two
gentlemen, whom the sun was reaching, had just opened their wives'
parasols. And Rougon's voice gradually grew louder and louder. He
seemed ill at ease in that little hollow. It was as if the narrow
valley did not afford him sufficient space for his gesticulations. As
he threw his hands energetically in front of him, it seemed as if he
desired to sweep away all obstructions and open out a wider horizon.
Twice he gazed into the air as if seeking space, but nothing met his
eyes on the hill tops save the gutted ruins of the windmills which were
splitting in the sun.

He had taken up M. Kahn's text and was enlarging upon it. It was not,
he said, the department of Deux-Sèvres alone that was about to enter
upon an era of wonderful prosperity, but the whole of France, thanks
to the branch line from Niort to Angers. For ten minutes he recounted
the innumerable advantages which would rain down upon the people. He
even went so far as to allude to the hand of God. Then he began to
reply to what had been said by the chief surveyor, though he in no way
discussed it or even referred to it. He simply said the direct opposite
of what the surveyor had said, dwelling for a long time upon M. Kahn's
devotion, and praising his great modesty and disinterestedness and
nobility of mind. The financial aspect of the matter, he said, caused
him no uneasiness whatever; and he smiled and seemed to be sweeping up
big piles of gold with a rapid movement of his hands.

An outburst of cheering quite drowned his voice.

'One word in conclusion, gentlemen,' he said, after wiping his lips
with his handkerchief. That one word lasted for a quarter of an hour.
He was growing excited, and went further than he had meant to do.
Indeed, in his peroration, while speaking of the grandeur of the reign,
and extolling the Emperor's great ability, he even hinted that his
Majesty would bestow his patronage in a special manner upon the branch
line from Niort to Angers. It was as if the undertaking had become a
State affair.

However, three great bursts of cheers rang out. A flight of crows,
skimming aloft across the cloudless sky, took fright with much
noisy croaking. Immediately the minister's speech had finished, the
Philharmonic Society had begun to play again, a signal being given
from the tent; while all the ladies sprang up, anxious to miss nothing
of the ceremony. The guests were smiling around Rougon with delighted
faces. The mayor, the public prosecutor, and the colonel of the
seventy-eighth infantry were wagging their heads approvingly while
listening to the deputy, who expressed his admiration of his excellency
in tones which, although subdued, were yet loud enough to reach the
minister's ears. However, it was the chief surveyor of bridges and
highways who manifested the greatest enthusiasm. He displayed an
extraordinary amount of obsequiousness, and seemed quite thunderstruck
by the great man's magnificent language.

'Would your excellency do me the honour to follow me?' now asked M.
Kahn, whose fat face was perspiring with pleasure.

The concluding part of the ceremony was at hand. His excellency was
about to fire the first mine. Orders had just been given to the gang of
navvies in new blouses. The men preceded the minister and M. Kahn into
the cutting and drew themselves up in two lines at the far end. Then a
foreman who held a piece of lighted rope presented it to Rougon. The
officials, who had remained in the tent, craned their heads forward.
Everyone waited anxiously. The Philharmonic Society was still playing.

'Will it make very much noise?' the head-master's wife inquired, with
an uneasy smile, of one of the public prosecutor's assessors.

'That depends upon the nature of the rock,' hastily interposed the
President of the Tribunal of Commerce, who at once entered upon various
mineralogical explanations.

'I shall stuff up my ears,' murmured the eldest of the three daughters
of the conservator of rivers and forests.

Rougon felt that he was looking very foolish, standing in the midst of
all these people with the burning rope in his hand. Up above, on the
hill crests, the ruined windmills were creaking louder than ever in the
warm sunlight. Then he hastened to light the fuse, the end of which,
lying between two stones, was pointed out to him by the foreman. One of
the navvies immediately blew a long blast on a horn, and all the gang
hurried off, while M. Kahn hastily pulled his excellency back into the
tent, manifesting much anxious solicitude for his safety.

'Well, why doesn't it go off?' stammered the registrar, who was
blinking nervously, and would very much have liked to close his ears,
as the ladies were doing.

The explosion did not take place for a couple of minutes. It had been
considered prudent to have a very long fuse. The expectation of the
company turned almost to anguish; every eye was fixed upon the red
rock; some spectators fancied they could see it moving, and timid ones
expressed a fear of being struck by the fragments. At last there was
a low reverberation, and the rock split, while a number of fragments,
twice the size of a man's fist, shot up into the air amidst the smoke.
Then everybody went away; and on all sides one could hear the same
question repeated, 'Don't you smell the powder?'

In the evening the prefect gave a dinner, which the officials and
functionaries attended. For the ball which followed he had issued five
hundred invitations. It was a splendid affair. The great drawing-room
was decorated with evergreens; and in each corner a small chandelier
had been fixed, making with the central one five chandeliers in all,
whose tapers flooded the room with brilliant light. Niort could
remember no such scene of magnificence. The light that streamed
from the six windows quite illuminated the Place de la Préfecture,
where more than two thousand inquisitive sight-seers had gathered
together, straining their eyes in their eagerness to catch a glimpse
of the dancers. The orchestra also could be so distinctly heard that
children got up galops on the footways. From nine o'clock the ladies
were fanning themselves, refreshments were being carried round, and
quadrilles were following upon waltzes and polkas. In ceremonious
fashion Du Poizat stood by the door, smilingly receiving the late

'Doesn't your excellency dance?' the head-master's wife boldly asked
of Rougon. She had just arrived, and was wearing a dress of tarlatan,
spangled with gold stars.

Rougon excused himself, with a smile. He was standing in front of one
of the windows, surrounded by a group of guests, and, while joining in
a conversation on the desirability of a new land survey, he kept on
glancing outside. In the bright light which the candles cast upon the
houses on the opposite side of the square, he had just caught sight
of Madame Correur and Mademoiselle Herminie Billecoq at one of the
windows of the Hôtel de Paris. They were standing there, leaning and
watching the ball, as though they were in a box at a theatre. Their
faces glistened, and every now and then their bare throats rippled with
laughter as some amusing incident attracted their notice.

However, the head-master's wife had gone all round the drawing-room,
looking somewhat disconsolate, and never heeding the admiration which
her sweeping train excited among the younger men. She was evidently
looking for some one, as she thus stepped smilingly and languidly along.

'Hasn't Monsieur le Commissaire central arrived?' she at last asked Du
Poizat, who was inquiring after her husband's health. 'I promised him a

'Oh, he's sure to come,' the prefect answered. 'I am surprised that he
is not here already. He had to go away on official business to-day; but
he told me that he would be back by six o'clock.'

After the _déjeuner_ at the prefecture, about noon, Gilquin had set out
from Niort on horseback to go and arrest notary Martineau. Coulonges
was some twelve miles away. He calculated upon arriving there at two
o'clock, and upon being able to get away by four, or perhaps a little
later, which would leave him plenty of time to attend the banquet, to
which he had been invited. Consequently, he did not hurry his horse,
but jogged along, while reflecting that he would make the running at
the ball in the evening with that pretty blonde, the head-master's
wife, whose only fault in his eyes was that she was rather too slim.
When he reached Coulonges, he dismounted at the Golden Lion, where
a corporal and two gendarmes ought to have been waiting for him. By
arranging matters in this way, he had anticipated that his arrival
would not be noticed; and he could hire a carriage, he thought, and
carry the notary off without any of the neighbours being any the wiser.
The gendarmes, however, were not there. Gilquin waited for them till
five o'clock, swearing, and drinking grog, and looking at his watch
every quarter of an hour. He should never be able to get back to Niort
in time for the banquet, he muttered. He was just having his horse
saddled, when the corporal at last made his appearance, followed by his
two men. There had been some misunderstanding.

'Well, well, don't waste time in apologising!' cried the commissary
angrily. 'We've got no time for that! It's already a quarter-past five.
Let us get hold of our man as quickly as possible. We must be on our
way back in another ten minutes.'

Generally speaking, Gilquin was a good-natured individual. He prided
himself upon the urbanity with which he discharged his official
duties. That day he had even arranged an elaborate scheme, by which he
hoped to spare Madame Correur's brother any violent emotion. It had
been his intention to enter the house alone, while the gendarmes waited
with the carriage near the garden-gate, in a little lane which looked
on to the open country. But his three hours' waiting at the Golden Lion
had so exasperated him that he forgot all these fine precautions. He
walked through the village, and rang loudly at the street-door of the
notary's house. One of the gendarmes was posted at this door, and the
other was directed to go round and keep a watch on the garden-wall. The
corporal went in with the commissary. Ten or a dozen scared villagers
watched them from a distance.

The servant who opened the door was seized with childish terror at the
sight of the uniforms, and rushed away, crying at the top of her voice:
'Madame! Madame! Madame!'

A short plump woman, whose face maintained an expression of perfect
calm, came slowly down the staircase.

'Madame Martineau, I presume?' said Gilquin rapidly. 'I have a painful
duty to perform, madame. I have come to arrest your husband.'

Madame Martineau clasped her short hands, while her pale lips began to
quiver. But she uttered no cry. She remained standing on the bottom
step, blocking the way with her skirts. Then she asked Gilquin to show
her his warrant, and required explanations, doing all she could to
cause a delay.

'Be careful! He'll slip through our fingers if we don't mind,' the
corporal murmured in the commissary's ear.

Madame Martineau probably heard this remark, for she looked at the two
men with her calm eyes, and said: 'Come upstairs, gentlemen.'

She went up in front of them and took them into a room, in the middle
of which stood M. Martineau in his dressing gown. Upon hearing the
servant's cries of alarm he had risen from the arm-chair in which he
spent most of his time. He was very tall; his hands seemed quite dead;
his face was as pale as wax; and only his eyes--dark, soft, and yet
determined eyes--appeared to retain any life. Madame Martineau pointed
to him in silence.

'I regret to say, sir,' began Gilquin, 'that I have a painful duty to

When he had explained his errand, the notary nodded but did not speak.
A slight quiver, however, shook the dressing-gown which covered his
attenuated limbs. At last, with great politeness, he replied: 'Very
well, gentlemen, I will follow you.'

Then he began to walk about the room, putting in order several
articles, which were lying on different pieces of furniture. For
instance, he moved a parcel of books to another place. Then he asked
his wife for a clean shirt. The trembling which was affecting him had
now become more pronounced. Madeline Martineau, seeing him totter,
followed him with outstretched arms, ready to catch him should he fall,
just as one follows a little child.

'Come, sir, make haste!' repeated Gilquin.

The notary took another couple of turns round the room, and then
suddenly snatched at the air with his hands, and let himself fall into
an arm-chair, distorted and stiffened by a paralytic seizure. At this
his wife shed big silent tears.

Gilquin took out his watch. 'Confound it all!' he cried. It was
half-past five, and he felt that he must now relinquish all hope of
being back at Niort in time for the dinner at the prefecture. It would
take at least another half hour to get this man into a carriage. He
tried to console himself with the thought that at any rate he would not
miss the ball, and just then he recollected that the head-master's wife
had promised him the first waltz.

'He's shamming,' the corporal now whispered to Gilquin. 'Shall I lift
him on to his feet?' And without waiting for a reply, he stepped up
to the notary and advised him not to attempt to deceive justice.
Martineau, however, was as rigid as a corpse; his eyes were closed and
his lips pinched. Thereupon the corporal lost his temper, and indulged
in strong language, till at last he laid his heavy hand on the collar
of the notary's dressing-gown. But at this Madame Martineau, who had
hitherto remained passive, energetically pushed him aside, and planted
herself in front of her husband, clenching her fists with an air of
devoted resolution.

'He's shamming, I tell you!' the corporal repeated.

Gilquin shrugged his shoulders. He had made up his mind to carry the
notary off whether he were dead or alive. 'Send one of your men to get
the carriage from the Golden Lion,' he said to the corporal. 'I have
spoken to the landlord about one.'

When the corporal had left the room, Gilquin stepped up to the window,
and looked complacently at the apricot trees which were blossoming in
the garden. He was growing quite absorbed in his thoughts, when he
felt a touch upon his shoulder. Madame Martineau stood behind him. Her
cheeks were quite dry now, and she spoke in a calm steady voice. 'You
mean a carriage for yourself, don't you?' she asked. 'You surely can't
think of dragging my husband to Niort, in his present state.'

'I have a painful duty to perform, madame--' Gilquin began for the
third time.

'But it is a crime! You will kill him!' Madame Martineau interrupted.
'You have not been ordered to kill him, have you?'

'I am acting under orders,' Gilquin replied in a rougher tone, for he
wished to curtail the entreaties which he thought were coming.

But a gleam of desperate anger flashed across Madame Martineau's plump
face, and her eyes glanced round the room, as though she were trying to
discover some possible means of saving her husband. However, she calmed
herself by an effort, and reverted to her previous demeanour, like a
strong-minded woman who realises that tears can be of no service.

'God will punish you, sir,' she quietly said, after a short pause,
during which she had kept her eyes fixed on Gilquin.

Then, without a tear or entreaty she turned to lean over the chair in
which her husband lay dying. Gilquin had merely smiled.

Just at this moment the corporal, who had gone in person to the Golden
Lion, came back to say that the landlord asserted he had not got a
vehicle of any sort. The arrest of the notary, who was extremely
popular in the neighbourhood, must have been noised abroad, and the
landlord was doubtless concealing his conveyances; for two hours
previously, when the commissary had questioned him on the subject,
he had promised to let him have an old brougham which he let out for
drives in the neighbourhood.

'Go and search the inn!' cried Gilquin, enraged by this fresh obstacle.
'Search every house in the village! Do they think they will have a game
with us? And be quick, I have an engagement to keep, and have no time
to spare. I give you a quarter of an hour.'

The corporal hurried off again, taking his men with him; and each went
in a different direction. Three-quarters of an hour passed, however,
and then another quarter, and then another. At the end of an hour and
a half one of the gendarmes returned with a very long face. All his
searching had been futile. Gilquin, who had grown feverishly excited,
kept rushing about and looking out of the window into the twilight.
The ball would certainly begin without him, he reflected, and the
head-master's wife would consider him guilty of great discourtesy. Each
time that he went past the notary's chair he almost choked with anger.
Never had any criminal caused him so much trouble as that man who lay
there perfectly motionless, becoming ever paler and colder.

It was past seven o'clock when the corporal returned with a beaming
countenance. He had at last discovered the landlord's old brougham,
concealed in a shed half a mile from the village. The horse was
harnessed and between the shafts, and it was the animal's snorting
which had enabled him to discover it. However, when the vehicle was at
the door, it became necessary to dress M. Martineau, and this took a
very long time. His wife very slowly and deliberately put him on some
clean white stockings and a clean white shirt. Then she dressed him in
black from head to foot; black trousers, frock-coat and waistcoat. She
would not allow the gendarmes to render her the slightest assistance.
The notary quietly yielded to her touch. A lamp had been lighted,
and Gilquin stood tapping his hands together impatiently, while the
corporal remained perfectly still, his three-cornered hat casting a
huge shadow upon the ceiling.

'Come, come, haven't you done now?' Gilquin repeated.

For the last five minutes Madame Martineau had been searching in a
drawer. At last she produced a pair of black gloves which she put into
her husband's pocket. 'I hope, sir,' she said, 'that you will allow me
to come in the carriage. I should much like to go with my husband.'

'That is impossible,' replied Gilquin roughly.

She restrained herself instead of pressing her request. 'At any rate,'
she said, 'you will allow me to follow him?'

'The roads are free to every one,' answered the commissary, 'but you
won't be able to get a vehicle, as there are none in the neighbourhood.'

At this Madame Martineau shrugged her shoulders slightly, and left the
room to give an order. Ten minutes afterwards a gig drew up in front of
the door, behind the brougham. It was now necessary to get the notary
downstairs. The two gendarmes carried him, while his wife supported
his head. Whenever the dying man uttered the slightest groan, Madame
Martineau imperiously ordered the gendarmes to stop, which they did,
notwithstanding the angry glances of the commissary. In this way they
halted for a moment on each successive step. The notary looked like a
corpse in their arms, and he was quite unconscious when they seated him
in the carriage.

'Half-past eight!' exclaimed Gilquin angrily, looking at his watch for
the last time. 'Confound it all! I shall never get there!'

There was no doubt about that. He would be fortunate if he arrived
before the ball was half over. However, he sprang on his horse with
an oath and ordered the coachman to drive as fast as he could. The
brougham led the way, the gendarmes riding at each side of it; then,
a few yards behind, followed the commissary, and the corporal, and
last of all came the gig with Madame Martineau. The night air was very
sharp. The little _cortège_ passed over the long grey road through
all the sleeping country, accompanied by a rumbling of wheels and the
monotonous footfalls of the horses. Not a word was spoken during the
journey. Gilquin was thinking of what he should say when he met the
head-master's wife. Every now and then, however, Madame Martineau
sprang to her feet in the gig, fancying that she heard a death-rattle,
but she could scarcely distinguish the brougham as it rolled on before
her through the black night.

It was half-past ten when they reached Niort. The commissary, to avoid
passing through the town, directed the driver of the brougham to go
round by the ramparts. When they reached the gaol, they had to ring
loudly. As soon as the gatekeeper saw the white, stiffened prisoner
they were bringing him, he went off to rouse the governor. The latter,
who was not very well, soon made his appearance in his slippers. And
when he saw Martineau, he became quite angry, and absolutely refused
to receive a man in such a condition. Did they take the gaol for an
hospital? he asked them.

'The man has been arrested, and what do you expect us to do with him?'
cried Gilquin, losing his temper at this fresh impediment.

'Whatever you like, monsieur le commissaire, except bring him here,'
replied the governor. 'I again tell you that I refuse to receive him.
I won't take such a responsibility upon myself.'

Madame Martineau had profited by this discussion to get into the
brougham with her husband. And she now proposed that he should be taken
to the hotel.

'Very well, to the hotel or the devil, or wherever you like!' cried
Gilquin. 'I've had quite enough of him! Take him along!'

He conformed sufficiently to his duty, however, to accompany the notary
to the Hôtel de Paris, which Madame Martineau herself fixed upon. The
Place de la Préfecture was now becoming empty, and only some children
were left playing on the footways; while the middle-class couples
slowly disappeared into the darkness of the neighbouring streets.
However, the bright glow from the six windows of the prefecture still
made the square almost as light as day. The band's brass instruments
were blaring, and the ladies' bare shoulders and curled chignons could
be seen between the open curtains, circling round the room. As the
notary was being carried to the first floor, Gilquin raised his head
and caught sight of Madame Correur and Mademoiselle Billecoq, who were
still gazing at the festivities. The elder lady, however, must have
noticed her brother, for, leaning out so far as to risk a fall, she
made an energetic sign to Gilquin to come upstairs. He did so.

Towards midnight the ball at the prefecture reached its zenith. The
doors of the dining-room, where a cold supper had been laid, had
just been thrown open. The ladies, with hot, flushed faces, fanned
themselves as they stood up and ate, amidst a deal of gay laughter.
Others were still dancing, unwilling to lose a single quadrille, and
contenting themselves with glasses of syrup and water, which gentlemen
brought to them. The room was full of a hazy glitter of women's hair
and skirts and braceleted arms. There seemed to be too much gold, too
much music, and too much heat; and Rougon, who felt half suffocated,
was glad indeed to make his escape on being discreetly summoned by Du

Madame Correur and Mademoiselle Herminie Billecoq were waiting for him
in the small adjoining salon where he had seen them on the previous
evening. They were both crying bitterly.

'My poor brother! my poor Martineau!' stammered Madame Correur, while
wiping her tears away with her handkerchief. 'Ah! I felt sure that you
could do nothing for him. Oh, why couldn't you have saved him?'

Rougon was going to say something, but she would not give him time.

'He has been arrested to-day,' she continued. 'I have just seen him. Oh
dear! oh dear!'

'Don't distress yourself,' replied Rougon, at last. 'The matter shall
be looked into, and I hope that we shall be able to obtain his release.'

Thereupon Madame Correur ceased dabbing her eyes with her handkerchief.
She looked at Rougon and exclaimed in her natural voice: 'But he is
dead!' Then again she relapsed into a disconsolate tone and buried her
face in her handkerchief. 'Oh dear! Oh dear! my poor, poor Martineau!'

Dead! A sudden tremor passed through Rougon's body. He could not find
a word to say. For the first time he became conscious of a pit before
him, a dark gloomy pit into which he was being gradually driven. To
think that the man was dead! He had never intended that anything of
that kind should happen. Things had gone too far.

'Alas! yes, the poor dear man is dead,' said Mademoiselle Herminie
Billecoq, with a deep, long-drawn sigh. 'It seems that they refused to
receive him at the gaol. Then, when we saw him arriving at the hotel
in such a pitiable condition, madame went down and insisted upon being
admitted, saying that she was his sister. A sister may surely claim to
receive her brother's last breath. That is what I said to that hussy
of a Madame Martineau, who threatened to turn us out of the room. But
we forced her to let us remain by the bedside. _Mon Dieu_! it was
soon all over. The death agony only lasted an hour. The poor man was
lying on the bed dressed all in black. Anyone would have thought that
he was a notary just going to a marriage. And he died out just like a
candle-flame, with a little twist of his face. He couldn't have had
much pain.'

'And then--would you believe it?--Madame Martineau actually tried to
pick a quarrel with me,' cried Madame Correur. 'I don't know what she
was driving at, but she spoke about my brother's property, and accused
me of having given him the last stroke. I said to her, "If I had been
there, madame, I would never have allowed him to be taken away, I would
have let the gendarmes hew me in pieces sooner!" And they _should_
have hewn me in pieces sooner! I told you so, didn't I, Herminie?'

'Yes, yes, indeed,' said the tall girl.

'Well, I know my tears won't bring him to life again,' continued
Madame Correur; 'but I'm crying because I can't help it. Oh, my poor

Rougon felt very ill at ease. He drew back his hands which Madame
Correur had grasped. Still he could not think of anything to say,
shocked as he was by the story of this death which seemed so abominable
to him.

'Look!' exclaimed Herminie, who was standing in front of the window,
'you can see the room from here in this bright light. It is the third
window to the left, on the first floor. There is a light behind the

However, Rougon dismissed them, while Madame Correur in return
apologised for having troubled him, calling him her friend, and saying
that her first impulse had been to come and tell him the fatal news.

'It is a very annoying business,' Rougon whispered to Du Poizat, when
he returned to the ball-room, with his face still pale.

'It is all that idiot Gilquin's doing!' replied the prefect, shrugging
his shoulders.

The ball was still going on merrily. In the dining-room, a part of
which could be seen through the open door, the mayor's assessor was
stuffing the three daughters of the conservator of rivers and forests
with sweetmeats; while the colonel of the seventy-eighth was drinking
punch and listening attentively to the cutting remarks of the chief
surveyor of bridges and highways, who was munching sugared almonds.
M. Kahn, near the door, was repeating to the President of the Civil
Tribunal the speech which he had delivered in the afternoon on the
advantages of the new railway line; and round them stood a group of
grave-faced men, the comptroller of taxes, the two justices of the
peace, and the delegates from the consultative Chamber of Agriculture
and the Statistical Society, all with gaping mouths. Then around the
ball-room, in the glow of the chandeliers, the dancers revolved to
the music of a waltz, which the band blared forth. The son of the
receiver-general was dancing with the mayor's sister; one of the public
prosecutor's assessors was with a girl in blue; and the other with
a girl in pink. But one couple excited particular admiration, that
composed of the commissary of police and the head-master's wife, who
slowly revolved in a close embrace. Gilquin had hurried off to array
himself irreproachably in black dress-coat, patent-leather boots and
white gloves, and the beautiful blonde, having forgiven him for his
tardy arrival, was now nestling against his shoulder, with languishing
eyes. Gilquin threw his chest forward, and brought the motion of his
hips into strong prominence, a vulgarism which seemed to delight the
spectators as if it had been something very tasteful. And as the pair
revolved round the room they all but came into collision with Rougon,
who had to step back to the very wall to let them pass him in a
whirling cloud of tarlatan, spangled with golden stars.



Rougon had at last succeeded in obtaining the portfolio of Agriculture
and Commerce for Delestang. One morning, early in May, he went to
the Rue du Colisée to fetch his new colleague, for there was to be a
ministerial council at Saint Cloud, where the Court had just gone to

'What! are you coming with us?' Rougon exclaimed in surprise, as he saw
Clorinde taking her place in the landau which was standing in front of
the steps.

'Yes,' she answered, with a laugh; 'yes, I'm going to the council,
too.' Then, when she had arranged the flounces of her long gown of pale
cherry-coloured silk, she added, more seriously: 'I have an appointment
with the Empress. I am treasurer of a society for assisting young
work-girls in which she is interested.'

In their turn the two men took their places. Delestang sat down by his
wife's side. He had with him a brown morocco portfolio, which he kept
upon his knees. Rougon sat opposite Clorinde, and carried nothing. It
was nearly half-past nine, and the council was fixed for ten, so the
coachman was ordered to drive as quickly as he could. To make a short
cut, therefore, he went along the Rue Marbeuf, and thence through the
Chaillot district, which the demolishers were already ripping up.
There were deserted streets fringed with gardens and wooden shanties,
steep winding passages and little neglected squares, planted with
sickly-looking trees. It was a strange patch of the great city, a
medley of villas and cabins, basking on a hill-side in the bright
morning sunshine.

'How hideous it is here!' said Clorinde, lying back in the landau.

Then, half-turning, she glanced at her husband, at first gravely,
but afterwards, as though she could not help it, she began to smile.
Delestang, with his frock coat buttoned round him, was sitting primly
erect. His handsome, thoughtful face, and premature baldness, which
gave an appearance of great height to his brow, attracted the attention
of the passers-by. Clorinde noticed that no one looked at Rougon,
whose heavy face seemed to be asleep. Presently, in a sort of maternal
manner, she pulled her husband's left wristband forward a little, as it
had slipped back inside his sleeve.

'What were you doing last night?' she then asked of the great man, as
she saw him yawning behind his fingers.

'I was working very late,' he said. 'There were a lot of tiresome
things to see to.'

There was another pause, and Clorinde began to study Rougon. He yielded
unresistingly to the slight jolting of the carriage. His frock-coat was
strained out of shape by his broad shoulders, and his hat was badly
brushed, and bore marks of old rain stains. He reminded Clorinde of
a jobber from whom she had bought a horse a month previously, and a
smile, with which was mingled a touch of contempt, appeared upon her

'Well?' said Rougon, at last, feeling somewhat annoyed by Clorinde's
prolonged scrutiny.

'Well,' she replied, 'I'm looking at you. It isn't forbidden to do so,
is it? You're not afraid that I shall eat you, are you?'

She spoke these last words with a provoking air, showing her white
teeth. Rougon, however, began to joke. 'I'm too big for that,' he said;
'you wouldn't be able to get me down.'

'Oh, I don't know that, if I were very hungry,' she gravely answered,
after apparently considering her appetite.

The landau was now reaching the Porte de la Muette. Here, on emerging
from the narrow streets of the Chaillot district, the horizon suddenly
spread out over the light verdure of the Bois de Boulogne. It was a
lovely morning, and the distant turf was steeped in golden light,
while the young leaves on the trees rustled gently in the warm air.
They left the deer-park on their right, and took the gravelled avenue
leading to Saint Cloud. The landau now rolled on without a jolt, as
lightly and softly as a sledge gliding through the snow.

'How nasty those streets were!' said Clorinde, as she lolled back.
'Well, we can breathe here, and talk. Have you any news of our friend
Du Poizat?'

'Yes, he's very well,' Rougon replied.

'And does he still like his department?'

Rougon made a vague gesture, not wishing to give her any definite
reply. She was aware, however, that the prefect of Deux-Sèvres was
becoming a source of some trouble to him, on account of the severity
of his administration. Without pressing the point she next began to
talk of M. Kahn, and Madame Correur, and finally, with a touch of
mischievous curiosity, she asked Rougon about his visit to Niort. Then
she broke off to say: 'By the way, I met Colonel Jobelin and his cousin
Monsieur Bouchard yesterday. We talked about you. Yes, we talked about

Rougon still kept silent, with his shoulders bowed. To rouse him,
Clorinde began to speak of the past. 'Do you remember our pleasant
little evenings in the Rue Marbeuf?' she inquired. 'Now you are so
busy that we can't get near you. Your friends complain about it. They
say that you are forgetting them. I'm always quite frank, you know,
and conceal nothing. Well, to tell the truth, they say that you are
deserting them, my dear fellow.'

At this moment, the carriage, which had just passed between the two
lakes, encountered a brougham on its way back to Paris, and through the
window of the latter vehicle a glimpse was caught of a sulky-looking
face, which hastily withdrew, as if to avoid the necessity of bowing.

'Why, it's your brother-in-law!' exclaimed Clorinde.

'Yes, he's not very well,' replied Rougon, with a smile. 'His doctor
has ordered him to take morning drives.'

Then he suddenly threw off his reserve, and began to talk freely, while
the landau sped along beneath the tall trees of the gently curving

'What would you have?' said he. 'I can't give them the moon, however
much they may cry for it! Take Beulin-d'Orchère, for instance, his
dream is to be Minister of Justice. I have tried to effect the
impossible, and have sounded the Emperor on the subject; but I can't
get any answer. I fancy, however, that the Emperor feels afraid of him.
Well, that isn't my fault, is it? Beulin-d'Orchère is first President
of the Appeal Court. That really ought to satisfy him for the present.
And yet, you see, he actually avoids bowing to me. He's a fool!'

Clorinde had lowered her eyes, and her fingers were playing with the
tassel of her sun-shade. She now made no attempt to speak, but let
Rougon talk on freely.

'The others,' said he, 'are almost as unreasonable. If the colonel
and Bouchard complain of me, they do wrong, for I have already done
too much for them. I say that for all my friends. I've got a dozen
mill-stones about my neck! Till they've got the very skin off my body
they won't be satisfied!' He paused for a moment, and then resumed with
a good-natured laugh: 'Well, well, if they really needed something
more, I would give it to them. When a man has once opened his hands it
is impossible for him to shut them again. In spite of all the unkind
things my friends say of me, I spend my time in asking favours of all
sorts for them.'

Then he touched Clorinde's knee to force her to look at him.

'Well, now, about yourself!' he continued. 'I am going to talk to the
Emperor this morning. Is there anything that I can ask for you?'

'No, thank you,' she answered drily. And as he still persisted in his
offers, she grew a little vexed, and accused him of reproaching herself
and her husband with the few services he had already rendered them.
They would not trouble him in future, said she. 'I manage my affairs
myself now,' she added. 'I'm big enough to get on by myself, am I not?'

Meantime the carriage had emerged from the Bois. It was now passing
through Boulogne amid the clatter of several heavy carts, which were
jolting along the high street. Delestang had been silent ever since the
start, keeping his hands upon his morocco portfolio, and apparently
absorbed in momentous thoughts. However, he now bent forward and called
to Rougon amidst the uproar: 'Do you think that his Majesty will keep
us to _déjeuner_?'

Rougon made a gesture expressive of doubt. Then he exclaimed: 'We do
generally have _déjeuner_ at the palace when the council is a long one.'

Delestang fell back into his corner, and once more appeared to be
absorbed in a very serious reverie. Presently he bent forward again,
to ask: 'Will there be much business before the council this morning?'

'Perhaps so,' answered Rougon. 'But one can never tell beforehand.
Several of our colleagues, I fancy, are going to report on certain
important matters. For my own part, at any rate, I intend to raise the
question of that book about which I am in dispute with the Licensing

'What book is that?' asked Clorinde eagerly.

'Oh! an idiotic publication; one of those volumes which are got up
for circulation amongst the peasantry. It is called "Friend Jacques's
Evening Chats." It is a mixture of socialism, witchcraft, and
agriculture; and there's even a chapter on the advantages of trades'
unions. Briefly, it is a very dangerous book!'

The young woman, whose curiosity did not seem quite satisfied, turned
to her husband as if to question him.

'You are over severe, Rougon,' said Delestang. 'I have looked at
the book, and have found some good matter in it. The chapter on the
advantages accruing from the association of labour is very good, I
think. I shall be surprised if the Emperor condemns the ideas contained
in it.'

Rougon was about to reply hotly, and opened his arms with a gesture
of protest. But he suddenly restrained himself, as though he did not
want to discuss the matter further. And instead of speaking, he glanced
at the country through which they were passing. The landau was now
half-way across the bridge of Saint Cloud. Down below, the pale blue
river was flowing sleepily, shimmering in the sunshine; the rows of
trees along the banks being vigorously reflected in the water. Above
and below steam climbed the sky, so whitened by the limpidity of
springtide that scarcely a touch of blue could be seen.

When the carriage stopped in the courtyard of the château Rougon
alighted first and offered his hand to Clorinde. But the young woman
would not avail herself of his proffered support; she sprang lightly to
the ground, and as he remained there still holding out his arm for her
acceptance, she gently tapped his fingers with her parasol, saying:
'Didn't I tell you that I was big enough to manage by myself, now?'

She seemed to have lost all her old respect for her master's huge hands
which she had so often held with disciple-like submission so as to
drain away a little of their strength. Doubtless she now fancied that
she had weakened him sufficiently, for she no longer displayed as of
yore any adorable cajolery. She, in her turn, had acquired influence,
and was becoming a power. When Delestang had got out of the carriage,
she allowed Rougon to go on before them, and whispered in her husband's
ear: 'I hope you won't try to prevent him from getting into a tangle
with his "Friend Jacques." It will give you a good opportunity of not
always appearing to say the very same as he does.'

In the entrance-hall, before leaving Delestang, Clorinde gave him a
careful glance, and was worried to see one of the buttons of his coat
hanging a little loosely. Then, while an usher went to inform the
Empress of her arrival, she smilingly watched Rougon and her husband
take themselves off.

The ministerial council was held in a room near the Emperor's private
study. In the centre stood a large cloth-covered table surrounded by
a dozen arm-chairs. The high windows admitted a bright light from the
terrace of the château. When Rougon and Delestang entered the room,
they found all their colleagues already assembled there, with the
exception of the Minister for Public Works and the Naval and Colonial
Minister, who were on leave of absence. The Emperor had not yet made
his appearance, and for ten minutes or so the ministers chatted
together, standing by the windows and about the table. Two of them had
scowling faces, and so cordially detested each other that they never
exchanged a word, but all the rest were talking amicably and easily,
till serious matters should demand their attention. Paris was just then
much interested in an embassy from the extreme east, the members of
which wore fantastic costumes, and indulged in the most extraordinary
modes of salutation. The Minister for Foreign Affairs related a visit
which he had paid to the chief of this embassy on the previous evening;
and while speaking with due regard for his position as head of the
diplomatic service, he contrived to indulge in some light sarcasm at
the envoy's expense. Then the conversation turned upon more frivolous
matters, and the Minister of State[17] furnished some particulars
respecting the condition of a ballet girl of the opera-house who
had narrowly escaped breaking her leg. However, amidst all this
apparent unrestraint the ministers remained alert and distrustful of
one another, wording certain of their sentences with extreme care,
recalling at times half-uttered words, keeping a watchful look-out even
as they smiled, and suddenly becoming serious as soon as they noticed
that they were being observed.

'Then it was a mere sprain?' said Delestang, who took a great interest
in the ladies of the ballet.

'Yes, a sprain,' replied the Minister of State. 'The poor girl will
simply have to keep her room for a fortnight. However, she feels very
much ashamed of herself for having fallen.'

A slight stir now caused the ministers to turn, and they all bowed. The
Emperor had just entered the room. He stood for a moment leaning upon
the back of his arm-chair. Then, in his low deliberate voice, he asked:
'Is she better?'

'Much better, sire,' replied the minister, bowing again. 'I heard about
her this morning.'

At a sign from the Emperor, the members of the council took their seats
round the table. There were nine of them. Some of them spread out
papers, while the others sat back in their chairs and began to examine
their nails. There was silence for a while. The Emperor seemed unwell;
and with lifeless face he slowly twisted the waxed ends of his long
moustache. Then, as no one spoke, he appeared to recollect something
and remarked: 'Gentlemen, the session of the Corps Législatif is about
to end----'

The budget, which the Chamber had just voted in five days, was the
first subject which engaged the attention of the council. The Minister
of Finance mentioned the desires which the reporter of the Chamber had
expressed. For the first time, indeed, the Chamber had indulged in
criticism, and its reporter had asked that the sinking fund regulations
might be properly carried out, and that the government would in
future content itself with the supplies as voted, without constantly
applying for supplementary credits. Moreover, some members of the
Chamber had complained of the little weight which was attached to their
observations by the Council of State, and one of them had even gone
so far as to claim for the Corps Législatif the right to prepare the

'In my opinion,' said the Finance Minister, concluding his remarks,
'there is no ground whatever for such claims. The government always
observes the greatest desire for economy in preparing its budgets, and
so true is this that the Committee of the Chamber had no end of trouble
to effect a paltry saving of a couple of millions of francs. Still, I
think it would perhaps be advisable to postpone the application for
three supplementary votes of credit which we contemplated making. A
transfer of funds will provide us with the necessary money for the time
being, and matters can be put straight later on.'[18]

The Emperor nodded assent. However, he hardly seemed to be listening to
what was said. There was a blank, listless look about his eyes, as he
sat gazing at the bright light which was streaming through the middle
window in front of him. There came another interval of silence. All
the ministers followed the Emperor in nodding their approval, and for
a moment or two only a slight rustling could be heard. The Minister
of Justice and Keeper of the Seals was turning over some leaves of
manuscript. At last when he had consulted his colleagues with a glance,
he began: 'Sire, I have brought with me a memorandum relating to the
creation of a new nobility. As yet it consists merely of some rough
notes, which I thought it would be advisable to put before the council
before proceeding any further in the matter, in order that I may profit
by any hint----'

'Yes, yes; read it,' interrupted the Emperor. 'You are quite right.'

Then he turned so as to look at the minister while the latter read the
memorandum. He seemed more animated now; a yellow light had come into
his grey eyes.

The Court was at that time extremely interested in this scheme for
a new nobility. The government had begun by submitting to the Corps
Législatif a bill which punished with fine and imprisonment anyone who
might assume any title of nobility without being entitled to do so.
It was a question of giving official sanction to the old titles, and
of thus preparing the way for new ones. However, this bill had given
rise to a heated discussion in the Chamber. Some deputies, though
enthusiastically devoted to the empire, had protested that a nobility
could not exist in a democratic state; and, when a division was taken,
twenty-three votes had been given against the bill. The Emperor,
however, still clung to his dream; and he himself had suggested some
very comprehensive ideas to the Minister of Justice.

The memorandum commenced by some historical references. Then the
projected scheme was detailed at length. Titles were to be conferred
for different kinds of public service, so as to make the new honours
accessible to all deserving citizens, a democratic arrangement which
seemed to fill the minister with great enthusiasm. Then a draft of
the proposed decree was set out, and when the minister came to the
second clause of it he raised his voice and read on very slowly: 'The
title of Count shall be conferred upon the following persons after
five years' service in their respective functions or dignities, or
after we may have bestowed upon them the grand cross of the Legion of
Honour: namely, our ministers and the members of our Privy Council,
the cardinals, marshals, admirals, senators, and ambassadors, and such
of the generals of division as shall have held a chief command in the

The minister paused for a moment, and cast a questioning glance at
the Emperor as if to ask whether he had omitted anyone. His Majesty
reflected, with his head slightly inclined towards his left shoulder.

'I think we must include the Presidents of the Corps Législatif and the
Council of State,' he said, after a pause.

The Minister of Justice nodded approbation, and hastily made a note
on the margin of his manuscript. Just as he was about to resume his
reading, he was interrupted by the Minister for Public Education and
Worship, who wanted to call attention to an omission.

'The archbishops----' he began.

'Excuse me,' interrupted the Minister of Justice drily, 'the
archbishops are to be merely barons. Let me read the whole of the

However, his papers had got mixed, and he spent some time in looking
for the next leaf. Rougon, who sat there with his elbows spread out and
his thick neck sinking between his broad peasant shoulders, was faintly
smiling; and, as he turned round, he caught sight of his neighbour, the
Minister of State, the last scion of an old Norman family, likewise
indulging in a quiet smile of contempt. A significant glance passed
between them. The parvenu and the nobleman were evidently of the same
way of thinking.

'Ah, here it is!' exclaimed the Minister of Justice at last. 'Clause
III. The title of baron shall be conferred, firstly, upon such members
of the Corps Législatif as shall have been honoured three times with
the confidence of their fellow-citizens; secondly, upon members of
the Council of State of eight years' standing; thirdly, upon the
first president and the public prosecutor of the Supreme Court, upon
the first president and public prosecutor of the Exchequer Court,
upon the generals of division and vice admirals, upon the archbishops
and ministers-plenipotentiary, after five years' service in their
respective offices, or if they have attained the rank of commander in
the Legion of Honour----'

And so the minister read on. The first presidents and public
prosecutors of the appeal courts, the generals of brigade and
rear-admirals, the bishops, and even the mayors of the chief cities of
first-class prefectures, were in their turn all to be made barons, but
on condition that they had served in their respective offices for ten

'Then everybody will be a baron,' murmured Rougon.

At this some of his colleagues, who affected to consider him a very
ill-bred man, assumed grave expressions, so as to make him understand
that they thought his remark in very bad taste. The Emperor, however,
did not seem to have heard.

'Well, gentlemen, what do you think of the scheme?' his Majesty asked,
when the keeper of the seals had finished his perusal.

They all hesitated, waiting as it were for a more direct question.

'Monsieur Rougon,' resumed the Emperor, 'what is your opinion?'

'Well, sire,' replied the Minister of the Interior, with his quiet
smile, 'I cannot say that I think very favourably of it. It is exposed
to the greatest of all dangers, that is to say, to ridicule. I am
afraid that all those barons will merely raise a laugh. I say nothing
about more serious matters, such as the sentiment of equality which is
so much in the ascendant at the present time, or the vanity which such
a system would tend to develop----'

But when he had got thus far he was interrupted by the Minister of
Justice, who seemed greatly put out, and began to defend himself as
though a personal attack had been made upon him. He said that he was
a middle-class man himself, and the son of a middle-class father, and
was quite incapable of attempting anything to impair the principles of
equality held by modern society. The new nobility was going to be a
'democratic nobility,' and this expression 'democratic nobility' seemed
to convey his idea so perfectly that he repeated it several times over.
Then Rougon briefly replied, still smiling and unruffled. But the
Minister of Justice, a little lean, dark man, at last began to indulge
in somewhat offensive personalities. The Emperor meantime held himself
aloof from the dispute, and with a slight swaying of the shoulders,
again gazed at the sunlight streaming through the window in front
of him. However, when the voices of the others finally grew so loud
as to interfere with his sense of dignity, he murmured: 'Gentlemen,
gentlemen.' And after a pause, he added: 'Monsieur Rougon is perhaps
right. The scheme is not quite ripe yet. We shall have to consider if
it cannot be put upon another basis. We can see to that later on.'

Then the council took some minor matters in hand. The newspaper _Le
Siècle_ became the subject of a deal of talk, for it had just published
an article which had given great offence at Court. A week never
passed without those about the Emperor entreating him to suppress
this journal, which was the only Republican organ still in existence.
His Majesty, however, was personally inclined to be indulgent towards
the press, and often amused himself, in the secrecy of his study, by
writing long articles in reply to the attacks which were made upon his
government. An unacknowledged dream of his was to have a newspaper of
his own, in which he might publish manifestoes and engage in polemical
discussions. However, he that day decided that a warning should be
addressed to the _Siècle_.

Their excellencies now thought that the council was over, as was
evident from the manner in which they sat on the very edges of their
chairs. Indeed, the Minister for War, a general who looked very much
bored, and who had not spoken a word during the whole sitting, had
already taken his gloves from his pocket, when Rougon leant heavily on
the table.

'Sire,' he said, 'I desire to speak to the council of a conflict which
has arisen between the licensing committee and myself with respect to a
book which has been presented for authorisation.'

The other ministers thereupon ensconced themselves in their chairs
again. The Emperor turned towards Rougon and with a nod authorised him
to continue.

Rougon then entered into details. He no longer smiled, his good-natured
expression had quite vanished. He leant over the table, and, sweeping
the cloth as it were with a regular mechanical movement of his right
hand, he stated that he had determined to preside at one of the
recent meetings of the committee in order to stimulate the zeal of
its members. 'I pointed out to them,' said he, 'the views of the
government as to the improvements it was desirable for them to effect
in the important branch of the public service with which they are
entrusted. The _colportage_ system,[19] I told them, would be a source
of grave danger if it were allowed to become a weapon in the hands of
the revolutionists, and should prove a means of reviving political
discussions and ill-will. So it is the duty of the committee, I said,
to reject all publications which might foment afresh such passions
as are unsuited to the present time. It ought, on the other hand, to
encourage those healthy works which teach the worship of God, the love
of one's country, and gratitude to one's Sovereign.'

The other ministers, although very cross at being thus detained in
council, felt constrained to bow approvingly on hearing these last

'The number of pernicious books increases every day,' continued Rougon.
'They form a rising flood against which we cannot take sufficiently
energetic steps for protecting our country. Out of every dozen books
that are published, eleven and a half are only fit to be thrown into
the fire. That is the average. Never before have wicked sentiments,
subversive theories, and anti-social monstrosities of all kinds,
found so many exponents. I am occasionally compelled to read certain
publications; well, I tell you----'

At this moment the Minister for Public Education ventured on an
interruption. 'Novels,' he began.

'I never read novels,' retorted Rougon drily.

His colleague made a gesture of virtuous protest, and rolled his eyes
in a shocked sort of way, as though he also repudiated all reading of
novels. Then he explained himself, saying: 'I merely wanted to remark
that novels are an especially poisonous food offered to the unhealthy
curiosity of the people.'

'Doubtless,' replied the Minister of the Interior; 'but there are
other works quite as dangerous. I am speaking of those cheap treatises
which disseminate among the peasantry and the working-classes a heap
of false social and economic science, the most evident effect of which
is to seriously disturb weak brains. A work of the kind to which I am
alluding, "Friend Jacques's Evening Chats," has just been submitted
to the committee for consideration. It is the story of a sergeant
who comes back to his native village and holds discussions with the
school-master every Sunday evening in the presence of a score of
labourers. Each discussion is upon a different subject, such as new
systems of cultivation, trades unions, and the great part which the
producer plays in society. I have read this book, to which one of the
clerks called my attention, and it seems to me to be all the more
dangerous since it veils its baleful theories beneath a pretended
admiration for the imperial institutions. No one can be deceived by
it, however; it is clearly the production of a demagogue. And so I was
extremely surprised when I heard some members of the committee speak of
it in eulogistic terms. I have discussed certain passages of it with
them, but apparently without convincing them. The author, they have
assured me, has even offered a copy of the book for your Majesty's
acceptance. On that account, sire, I thought it right, before taking
any active steps, to ask for your opinion and that of the council.'

So saying Rougon fixed his glance on the Emperor, whose shifty eyes at
last settled on a paper-knife which was lying on the table in front of
him. His Majesty took up the knife and began to turn and twist it while
murmuring: 'Yes, yes, "Friend Jacques's Evening Chats----"'

Then, without committing himself any further, he glanced to the right
and left of the table. 'You have perhaps seen the book, gentlemen. I
should be very glad to know----'

Then he stopped again. The ministers glanced furtively at one another,
each hoping that his neighbour would speak and express an opinion. The
silence, however, continued unbroken, and the feeling of constraint
increased. It seemed clear that none of them had even known of the
existence of the book. At last the Minister for War took it upon
himself to express by a gesture the general ignorance which prevailed
of the publication in question.

The Emperor twisted his moustaches, showing no sign of haste. 'Well,
Monsieur Delestang, have you anything to say?' he eventually inquired.

Delestang was restlessly moving on his chair, as though a prey to some
inward struggle. This direct question seemed to decide him; however,
before speaking, he glanced involuntarily towards Rougon. 'I have had
the book in my hands, sire,' he said.

He checked himself, feeling that Rougon's big grey eyes were fixed
upon him; but then, observing the Emperor's satisfaction, he began
to speak again, though his lips could be seen quivering slightly. 'I
regret that I find myself in disagreement with my friend and colleague
the Minister of the Interior. Certainly the publication in question
might be less sweeping in some parts and insist more than it does upon
that prudent deliberation with which all really useful progress must
be accomplished. Still, "Friend Jacques's Evening Chats" seems to me
to have been conceived with most excellent intentions. The hopes which
are expressed in it for the future evince no hostility to imperial
institutions. On the contrary, indeed, they are what the legitimate
expansion of our institutions may lead us to expect.'

He paused again. Notwithstanding the care which he had taken to turn
towards the Emperor, he could not shake off the consciousness that
Rougon was sitting on the other side of the table, leaning on his
elbows and looking at him, pale with surprise. Generally speaking,
Delestang's views were identical with those of the great man. And so
the latter had a momentary hope that a word from him might bring back
his erring disciple.

'Well, now,' he exclaimed with a frown, 'I'll just give you an example.
I'm sorry I haven't brought the book with me, but I can give you the
substance of a chapter which I remember very well. Jacques is speaking
of two beggars who go through the village soliciting alms from door to
door, and, in reply to a question from the school-master, he asserts
that he will show the peasants a way by which they will never have a
single poor person among them. Then follows a very elaborate system for
the extinction of pauperism. It contains the whole communistic theory.
Surely the Minister for Agriculture and Commerce cannot approve of that

Delestang summoned up all his courage and looked Rougon boldly in the
face. 'You are going too far in saying the whole communistic theory,'
he replied. 'It merely struck me as being an ingenious exposition of
the principles of combination.' He had been searching in his portfolio
as he spoke. 'I have got the book here,' he added.

Then he began to read the chapter under discussion. He read it in a low
monotonous voice, and his wise-looking face assumed an expression of
extraordinary gravity at certain passages. The Emperor listened with
an air of deep attention. He seemed to particularly appreciate the
more touching portions, in which the author made his peasants speak
in a strain of childish stupidity. Meanwhile the ministers were quite
delighted. What an amusing affair! There now was Rougon abandoned by
Delestang, whom he had brought into the ministry solely that he might
have some one to rely upon amidst the unexpressed hostility of his
other colleagues. The latter were often indignant with him for his
constant arrogation of power, that craving for authority which impelled
him to treat them as though they were mere clerks, while he himself
assumed the position of his Majesty's private adviser and right-hand
man. And now he was on the point of finding himself completely
isolated! This fellow, Delestang, thought the others, was a man to be
well received.

'There are perhaps one or two words----' muttered the Emperor, when
Delestang had finished his perusal; 'but, really, taking it altogether,
I don't see anything--eh, gentlemen?'

'It is quite innocent,' chorused the ministers.

Rougon made no reply to his Majesty, but seemed to bend his shoulders.
When he returned to the charge, he singled out Delestang for his
attack. For several minutes a contest went on between them in short
sentences. Handsome Delestang grew warlike, and indulged in cutting
remarks, while Rougon's anger also gradually rose. He for the first
time felt his authority giving way beneath him. And springing all at
once to his feet, he addressed himself to the Emperor with vehement

'Sire,' he said, 'it is a petty matter, and the book will be
authorised, since your Majesty in your wisdom declares there is no
danger in it. But I must warn you, sire, that it would be perilous
to confer on France one half of the liberties which are claimed
by this "Friend Jacques." You summoned me to power under terrible
circumstances. You told me that I was not to attempt, by any
untimely moderation, to reassure those who were quaking with alarm.
In accordance with your commands, sire, I have made myself feared.
I believe that I have obeyed your slightest instructions and have
rendered you the services you expected of me. If any one should accuse
me of excessive severity or of abusing the power with which your
Majesty has entrusted me, such an accusation could only come from an
adversary of your Majesty's policy. Believe me when I tell you that
society is as deeply disturbed as ever it was. In the few weeks that
I have been in office, it has unfortunately been impossible for me to
heal the diseases which are preying upon it. Anarchical passions are
still fermenting among the lower strata of the people.

'I do not wish to lay this festering wound bare to you, or to
exaggerate its horror, but it is my duty to remind you of its
existence, so that I may put your Majesty on your guard against the
generous impulses of your own heart. For a moment it was possible to
hope that the energy of the sovereign and the solemnly expressed will
of the nation had swept all abominable periods of public baseness away
without possibility of revival. Events, however, have shown what a
mournful error this was. In the name of the country, sire, I beseech
you not to draw back your powerful hand. The danger does not lie in the
possession of excessive authority, but in the absence of repressive
laws. If you should draw back your hand, sire, you would see the scum
of the people bubbling up, you would at once find yourself overwhelmed
by revolutionary demands, and your most energetic servants would soon
be at a loss how to defend you. I venture to press this upon you
strongly, for the dangers of the morrow would be terrible.

'Liberty without restraint is impossible in a country where there
exists a faction which is obstinately bent upon denying the fundamental
basis of the government. Many long years must elapse before your
Majesty's absolute power is accepted by all, before it effaces from
men's memories the recollection of old struggles, and passes so far
beyond the pale of discussion that it may be discussed without danger.
And outside the principle of despotic power, vigorously exercised,
there is no safety for France. On the day when your Majesty may
consider it your duty to restore to the nation the most harmless of its
liberties, on that day your Majesty will be committed to everything.
One liberty cannot be granted without a second; and then comes a third
one, and everything is swept away, both institutions and dynasties! It
is like an implacable, devouring piece of machinery. First, the tip
of the finger is caught, then the hand is drawn in, then the arm, and
finally the whole body is ground to pieces.

'And, sire, since I have ventured to express myself so freely on this
matter, I will make this further remark. Parliamentary rule once
destroyed a French monarchy; do not let us allow it to destroy an
empire. The Corps Législatif ventures to interfere too much as it is.
Do not allow it any share in directing the sovereign's policy. To do so
would only give rise to the most vehement and deplorable discussions.
The last general elections have once again testified to the country's
gratitude, but none the less, no fewer than five candidates were
elected whose disgraceful success ought to serve as a warning. To-day
the all-important question is to prevent the formation of an opposition
minority; and, what is still more important, is to take care not to
provide it--if by chance it should come into existence--with weapons
which might enable it to contend against the constituted authority with
yet greater impudence than now. A parliament which holds its tongue is
a parliament which does some work.

'As for the press, sire, it is turning liberty into license. Since
I entered the ministry I have read the reports carefully, and every
morning I am filled with fresh disgust. The press is the receptacle
of nauseous leaven of every kind. It foments revolutions, it is an
ever-burning fire which serves to kindle great conflagrations. It will
only become useful when we have brought it under our authority and can
use its influence as an instrument of government. At present I say
nothing of other forms of liberty, such as the liberty of combination,
of public meeting, or of doing anything a man likes. These, however,
are all respectfully asked for in "Friend Jacques's Evening Chats."
Later on they will be demanded. That is what I am afraid of. I hope
that your Majesty will fully understand me. It is necessary that
France should for a long time yet feel the weight of a hand of iron.'

He went on in this strain for a long time, defending, with increasing
energy, the way in which he had used his authority, sheltering himself
beneath the principle of plenary power, wrapping himself round with
it, covering himself with it, as it were, like a man who would avail
himself of his armour to the fullest extent possible. And in spite of
his apparent excitement, he retained sufficient coolness to keep a
watch on his colleagues and to note the effect of his words on their
pale, fixed faces. Then all at once he abruptly ceased speaking.

There was a rather long interval of silence. The Emperor had again
begun to play with his paper-knife.

'His Excellency the Minister of the Interior takes too black a view of
the situation,' at length said the Minister of State. 'In my opinion
nothing threatens our institutions. Order is perfectly maintained. We
can trust with confidence to his Majesty's great wisdom. Indeed, it is
a lack of such confidence to show fear----'

'Certainly, certainly,' murmured several voices.

'I will add,' said the Minister for Foreign Affairs, 'that France has
never been more respected by Europe than she is now. Everywhere abroad
his Majesty's firm and dignified policy is regarded with admiration.
The opinion of the chancelleries is that our country has entered for
good upon an era of peace and greatness.'

However, none of the ministers cared to attack the political programme
defended by Rougon. They all looked at Delestang, who understood what
was expected of him. He began to speak, and compared the empire to an

'The principle of authority ought certainly not to be shaken,' said he,
'but there is no necessity for systematically shutting the door upon
every public liberty. The empire is like some great place of refuge,
some vast and magnificent edifice whose indestructible foundations
have been laid by his Majesty with his own hands. He is still engaged
in raising its walls; but the day will come when his task will be
finished, and he will have to think of how he can crown his edifice,
and it is then----'

'Never!' interrupted Rougon violently. 'The whole thing will topple

The Emperor stretched out his hand to stop the discussion. He was
smiling, and seemed to be awaking from a reverie. 'Well, well,' he
said; 'we are getting away from current affairs. We will see about all
this later on.' Then, having risen from his seat, he added: 'It is
late, gentlemen; you must have _déjeuner_ at the château.'

The council was now at an end. The ministers pushed back their chairs
and stood up and bowed to the Emperor, who was slowly retiring. All
at once, however, his Majesty turned and muttered: 'A word with you,
Monsieur Rougon, I beg.'

Then as the Emperor took Rougon into the embrasure of one of the
windows, the other ministers thronged round Delestang at the farther
end of the room. They congratulated him in subdued tones, with nods
and becks and wreathed smiles, quite a buzzing of murmured praise. The
Minister of State, a man of very shrewd mind and great experience, was
particularly flattering. He had an idea that it was lucky to have a
shallow-pated fellow for a friend. Meantime, Delestang bowed with grave
modesty to all the compliments lavished upon him.

'After all,' said the Emperor to Rougon, 'I won't speak to you here,
come along with me,' and he thereupon took him into his own study, a
rather small room, where the furniture was littered with books and
newspapers. Then, having lighted a cigarette, he showed Rougon a small
model of a new cannon lately invented by an officer. The little weapon
looked like a child's toy. His Majesty affected a very kindly tone,
and tried to convince the minister that he still possessed his favour.
Rougon, however, divined that an explanation of some sort was coming,
and he wanted to have the first word.

'Sire,' he began, 'I am well aware of the violence with which I am
attacked by those who surround your Majesty.'

The Emperor smiled without saying anything. It was true, however, that
the Court had again put itself in opposition to Rougon. He was now
accused of abusing his power, and of compromising the empire by his
harshness. The most extraordinary tales were circulated about him, and
the corridors of the palace were full of complaints and stories, which
echoed every morning in the Emperor's study.

'Be seated, Monsieur Rougon, be seated,' his Majesty at last said, in
a good-natured way. And then, taking a seat himself, he continued:
'People are always dinning things into my ears. So it is, perhaps, best
that I should quietly talk them over with you. What is this affair of a
notary at Niort, who died after being arrested? A Monsieur Martineau,
I think?'

Rougon quietly entered into particulars. This Martineau, he said, was
a man who had very gravely compromised himself; a Republican whose
influence in the department might have led to great danger. He had been
arrested, and he had since died.

'Yes, that's just it,' replied the Emperor; 'that's the tiresome part
of the matter. The opposition papers have got hold of the story, and
relate it in a very mysterious fashion, and with a reticence which is
calculated to have a most deplorable effect. I am much distressed about
it, Monsieur Rougon.'

However, he said no more on that subject, but sat for a few moments
puffing at his cigarette.

'You have been down to Deux-Sèvres lately, and you were present at some
ceremony there, were you not?' he presently continued. 'Are you quite
sure of Monsieur Kahn's financial stability?'

'Oh, quite so!' exclaimed Rougon. And he launched into a series of
explanatory details. M. Kahn, said he, was supported by a very rich
English company. The shares of the railway from Niort to Angers were at
a premium at the Bourse. The undertaking had very fine prospects before

The Emperor, however, seemed incredulous. 'I have heard a certain
amount of fear expressed,' he said. 'You can understand that it would
be very unfortunate for your name to be mixed up with a catastrophe.
However, since you tell me that there is no reason for fear----'
Then he again broke off and passed to a third subject. 'Now, about
the prefect of Deux-Sèvres. He is very unpopular, people tell me. He
appears to have thrown everything into confusion down there. I hear,
too, that he is the son of a retired process-server, whose strange
vagaries are the talk of the whole department. This Monsieur du Poizat
is a friend of yours, I believe?'

'One of my best friends, sire.'

As the Emperor now rose from his seat, Rougon also got up. The former
went to a window, and then came back again, puffing out a little
cloudlet of smoke.

'You have a good many friends, Monsieur Rougon,' he said, with a
meaning look.

'Yes, sire; a great many,' the minister frankly replied.

Evidently enough, the Emperor had hitherto merely repeated the gossip
of the château, the accusations made by those who surrounded him. He
was doubtless acquainted, however, with other stories, matters which
were unknown to the Court, but of which he had learnt from his private
agents, and in which he took a yet livelier interest, for he revelled
in the spy system, in the secret manœuvring of the police. He looked at
Rougon for a moment, while a vague smile played about his face. Then,
in a confidential tone, and with a somewhat playful air, he said: 'Oh,
I know a good many things; more, perhaps, than I care to know. Here is
another little matter, now; you have taken in your offices a young man,
a colonel's son, who has not obtained a bachelor's diploma. It is not a
matter of any importance, I am aware of that; but if you only knew all
the fuss that is made about such things! Little things like these put
everybody's back up. It is really very bad policy on your part.'

Rougon made no reply. His Majesty had not finished. He opened his
lips as though he were going to say something, but it was apparently
something that he found rather difficult to express, for he hesitated
for a moment or two. At last he stammered: 'I won't say anything to you
about that usher, one of your protégés named Merle, I think. But he
gets drunk and behaves insolently; and both the public and the clerks
complain of him. All this is very annoying, very annoying indeed.' Then
he raised his voice, and concluded somewhat bluntly: 'You have too
many friends, Monsieur Rougon. All these people do you harm. It would
be rendering you a service to make you quarrel with them. Well, at any
rate let me have the resignation of Monsieur du Poizat, and promise me
that you will abandon all the others.'

Rougon had remained quite impassive. He now bowed, and replied in a
deep, meaning voice: 'On the contrary, sire, I ask your Majesty for
the ribbon of officer of the Legion of Honour for the prefect of
Deux-Sèvres. And I have several other favours to solicit.' Then he took
a memorandum-book from his pocket, and continued: 'Monsieur Béjuin begs
that your Majesty will be graciously pleased to visit his cut-glass
works at Saint-Florent, when you go to Bourges. Colonel Jobelin desires
an appointment in the Imperial Palaces. The usher Merle calls your
Majesty's attention to the fact that he has gained the military medal,
and desires a tobacco-agency for one of his sisters.'

'Is that all?' asked the Emperor, who had begun to smile again. 'You
are a magnificent patron. Your friends ought to worship you.'

'No, they do not worship me, sire, they support me,' Rougon replied
with his blunt frankness.

This retort seemed to make a deep impression upon the Emperor. Rougon
had just revealed to him the whole secret of his fidelity. On the day
when he might allow his credit to stagnate, on that day his credit
would be killed; and in spite of scandal, in spite of the discontent
and treason of his hand, it was his only possession and support, and
he was obliged to keep it sound and healthful, if he himself wished to
remain unshattered. The more he got for his friends--the greater and
the less deserved the favours that he lavished on them--the stronger he
became himself.

He added very respectfully, and in a very meaning tone: 'For the glory
of your Majesty's reign, I hope from the bottom of my heart that your
Majesty may long preserve about you the devoted servants who helped you
to restore the empire.'

The Emperor no longer smiled. He took a few steps about the room, with
downcast eyes and pensive air. He seemed also to have turned pale and
to be trembling slightly. Presentiments occasionally affected his
mystical nature with great force. And to obviate the necessity of any
immediate determination, he decided to drop the subject. He again
assumed a kindly demeanour; and, referring to the discussion which
had taken place at the council, seemed even inclined to think that
Rougon was right, now that he could speak freely without any danger of
irrevocably committing himself. The country, said he, was certainly not
yet ripe for liberty. For a long time to come an energetic hand would
be necessary to guide matters with resolution and firmness. Then he
concluded by once more assuring the minister of his entire confidence.
He gave him full liberty of action, and confirmed all his previous
instructions. Rougon, however, thought it necessary to add another word
on the subject.

'Sire,' he said, 'I could never allow myself to be at the mercy of
malevolent gossip. I stand in need of stability if I am to accomplish
the great task for which I am now responsible.'

'Monsieur Rougon,' replied the Emperor, 'go on fearlessly; I am with

Then, bringing the conversation to a close, he stepped towards the
door, followed by the minister. They both went out and crossed several
apartments on their way to the dining-room. Just as they were reaching
it, the Emperor turned round and again took Rougon aside. 'You don't
approve, then,' he asked, in an undertone, 'of that scheme for a new
nobility? I should have been very glad to see you support it. Study the
matter.' Then, without waiting for a reply, he added with that quiet
stubbornness which formed part of his character:[20] 'There's no hurry,
however. I will wait; for ten years, if it be necessary.'

After _déjeuner_, which lasted scarcely half an hour, the ministers
went into a small adjoining drawing-room where coffee was served. They
remained there chatting for a little time, standing round the Emperor.
However, Clorinde, whom the Empress had kept with her all this time,
came to look for her husband, with the easy manner of a woman who mixed
freely with politicians. She shook hands with several of the ministers.
They all clustered round her, and the subject of conversation was
changed. However, his Majesty began to pay the young woman such
marked attention, and kept so close to her, that their excellencies
thought it discreet to take themselves off by degrees. Opening one of
the glass doors which led on to the terrace of the château, four of
them went outside, and these were speedily followed by three others.
Only two remained in the room to keep up an appearance of propriety.
The Minister of State, with a pleasant, cheery expression upon his
aristocratic face, had taken Delestang in tow, and was pointing out
Paris from the terrace. Rougon, likewise standing in the sunshine, also
became absorbed in the spectacle of the great city looming like a mass
of bluish cloud on the horizon beyond the great green carpet of the
Bois de Boulogne.

That morning, Clorinde was looking very beautiful. Clumsily dressed,
as usual, with her gown of pale cherry-coloured silk dragging over the
floor, she appeared to have slipped into her things in all haste, as if
goaded on by some strong desire. She laughed with the Emperor, and her
whole demeanour was very free and unreserved. She had made a conquest
of his Majesty at a ball given by the Naval Minister which she had
attended in the character of the Queen of Hearts, wearing diamond
hearts about her neck and her wrists and her knees; and ever since that
evening she had remained on very friendly terms with Napoleon, jesting
playfully whenever he condescended to compliment her upon her beauty.

'Look, Monsieur Delestang,' the Minister of State was saying to his
colleague on the terrace, 'see yonder on the left, what a wonderfully
soft blue hue there is about the dome of the Panthéon.'

Then, while Delestang gazed admiringly at the prospect, the Minister
of State cast furtive glances into the little drawing-room through the
open window. The Emperor was bending forward, and was speaking with his
lips close to the young woman's face, while she threw herself back with
tightly strained breast as though to escape him. Nothing could be seen
of his Majesty from outside save an indistinct profile, the tip of an
ear, a long red nose, and a heavy mouth half-buried beneath a quivering
moustache. His cheek and eyes were glowing, whilst Clorinde, who looked
irritatingly fascinating, gently swayed her head like a coy young

In spite of all the unpleasantness at the council, Rougon returned to
Paris with Delestang and Clorinde. On the journey home the young woman
appeared anxious to make her peace with him. She no longer manifested
that nervous restlessness which in the morning had impelled her to
choose disagreeable subjects of conversation, but even occasionally
looked at Rougon with an air of smiling compassion. When the landau,
passing through the Bois de Boulogne, now steeped in sunshine, rolled
gently alongside the lakes, she murmured with a sigh of enjoyment:
'What a lovely day it is!' Then, after a moment's reverie, she said to
her husband: 'Tell me, is your sister, Madame de Combelot, still in
love with the Emperor?'

'Henriette is mad!' replied Delestang, shrugging his shoulders.

But Rougon intervened: 'Yes, indeed, she's still in love,' said he:
'people assert that she actually threw herself at his Majesty's feet
one day. He raised her and advised her to be patient.'

'Ah, yes, indeed,' cried Clorinde gaily, '_She'll_ have a long time to



Clorinde was now revelling in a florescence of fantasy and power. In
character she was still the big eccentric girl who had scoured Paris
on a livery-stable hack in search of a husband; but the big girl had
developed into a woman, who calmly performed the most extraordinary
actions, having at length realised her long-cherished dream of becoming
a power. Her everlasting prowlings in out-of-the-way neighbourhoods,
her correspondence which inundated the four corners of France and
Italy with letters, her continued contact with politicians, into
whose intimacy she managed to insinuate herself, and all her erratic
schemings, full of gaps and illogical as they were, had ended in the
acquirement of real and indisputable influence. She still indulged in
strange eccentricities, and propounded wild schemes and extravagant
hopes, even when she was talking seriously. And when she went out,
she still took her tattered portfolio with her, carrying it in her
arms like a baby, and with such an air of earnestness that people
in the streets smiled as she passed them in her dirty, draggling
skirts. However, she was consulted now, and even feared. No one could
have exactly told the origin of her power, which seemed to come from
numerous distant and invisible sources, now difficult to trace. Folks
knew nothing but a few scraps of gossip, anecdotes that were whispered
from ear to ear. There was something to mystify one in the young
woman's strangely compound character, in which wild imagination was
linked to common sense which commanded attention and obedience, while
apart from all mental attributes there was her magnificent person, in
which, perhaps, lay the true secret of her power. It mattered little,
however, upon what foundations Clorinde's throne was reared. It was
sufficient that she did reign, though it were in a whimsical, erratic
fashion, and that people bowed down before her.

This was a real period of power for the young woman. In her
dressing-room, amidst a litter of dirty basins, she contrived to
centralise the policy of all the courts of Europe. She received
information, even detailed reports, in which the slightest pulsations
of governmental life were carefully noted, before the embassies did,
and without anyone knowing whence her news was derived. As a natural
consequence she was surrounded by a court of bankers, and diplomatists,
and friends, who came to her in the hope of obtaining information. The
bankers showed her particular attention. She had enabled one of them
to gain a hundred million francs in a single haul by merely telling
him of an approaching change of ministry in a neighbouring state.
Truth to tell, however, she disdained to employ her knowledge for
purposes of gain, and she readily told all that she knew--the gossip
of diplomatists, and the talk of the different capitals--for the mere
pleasure of hearing herself speak, and of showing that she had her eyes
upon Turin, Vienna, Madrid, and London, as well as on Berlin and St.
Petersburg. She could supply endless information concerning the health
of the different sovereigns, their amours and habits, the politicians
of the various states, and all the scandals of even the smallest German
duchies. She judged statesmen in a single phrase; jumped from north
to south without the slightest transition; spoke as carelessly of the
different countries of Europe as if they had been her own, as if,
indeed, the whole wide world, with its cities and nations, had formed
part of a box of playthings, whose little cardboard houses and wooden
men she could set up, and move about as she pleased. And, when at last
her tongue ceased wagging, and she was tired of chattering, she would
snap her fingers, as though to say that this was quite as much as all
these things were worth.

For the time being, amidst her many tangled schemes, there was one very
serious matter which excited her warmest enthusiasm, and on which she
tried her best to keep silent, though, occasionally, she could not deny
herself the pleasure of alluding to it. She wanted Venice. Whenever she
spoke of the great Italian minister, she referred to him familiarly as
'Cavour.' 'Cavour,' said she, 'did not want it, but I want it, and he
has understood.' Morning and night she shut herself up at the embassy
with Chevalier Rusconi. And tranquilly lounging, throwing back her
narrow, but goddess-like brow, as if in a sort of somnambulism, she
would utter scraps of disconnected sentences, shreds of revelations;
a hint of a secret interview between the Emperor and some foreign
statesman; a projected treaty of alliance, some clauses of which were
still under discussion; a war which would take place in the coming
spring. On other days she became excited and angry, kicked the chairs
about her room and knocked the basins over at the risk of breaking
them. On these occasions she looked like some angry queen who has been
betrayed by imbecile ministers, and sees her kingdom going from bad to
worse; and, with a tragic air, she would stretch her bare majestic arm
in the direction of Italy and clench her fist, exclaiming: 'Ah! if I
were over yonder there would be none of this folly!'

However, the worries of high politics did not prevent Clorinde from
engaging in all sorts of other businesses, in which she seemed to get
quite lost. She was often to be found sitting on her bed with the
contents of her large portfolio spread over the counterpane, while
she plunged her arms into the papers, distracted and crying with
irritation. She would be unable to find anything amidst such a chaos of
documents; or else, after long hunting for some lost batch of papers,
she would at length discover it behind some piece of furniture or
amongst her old boots or dirty linen. When she went out to conclude
any particular piece of business, she generally contrived to involve
herself in two or three fresh affairs on her way. She was for ever
rushing about to all sorts of places, lived in a perfect whirl of
ideas, a state of perpetual excitement; while beneath her lay the mazy
depths of mysterious, unfathomable intrigues. When she came home again
in the evening, after a day's scouring of Paris, tired out by climbing
so many flights of stairs, and carrying in the folds of her skirts an
odour of all the strange haunts which she had visited, no one would
have guessed one half of the errands that she had been engaged upon.
And if anyone happened to question her, she only laughed; she herself
did not always remember what she had been doing.

It was about this time that she had the extraordinary whim of engaging
a private room at one of the great restaurants on the boulevard. The
house in the Rue du Colisée was so far away from everything, she said;
she wanted a place in some central position; so she turned the private
room at the restaurant into an office. For two months she received
there all who wanted to see her, simply attended by the waiters, who
had to usher in persons of the highest position. Great functionaries,
ambassadors, and ministers presented themselves at the restaurant.
Clorinde, entirely at her ease there, made them sit down on the couch,
damaged by the supper parties of the Carnival, while she herself
remained in front of the table, the cloth of which was always laid,
strewn with bread-crumbs and littered with papers. She camped there
like a general officer. One day, however, when she did not feel very
well, she calmly went upstairs to the top of the house and lay down on
the bed of the _maître d'hôtel_ who usually waited upon her, and she
could not be induced to go home till it was nearly midnight.

Delestang, in spite of everything, was a happy man. He appeared to be
quite ignorant of his wife's eccentricities. She was now completely
master of him, and treated him as she liked, while he never made the
least complaint. His natural temperament predisposed him to this kind
of servitude. He found far too much happiness in the secret surrender
of his authority to attempt any revolt. In the privacy of their
domestic life, it was he who rendered Clorinde all kinds of little
services. He hunted about for her lost boots, or went through all the
linen in the wardrobe to find a chemise that was not in holes. He was
quite satisfied with preserving a serene appearance of superiority when
he was at other people's houses. The unruffled air of loving protection
with which he then spoke of his wife almost won him public respect.

Clorinde, having now become all-powerful at home, had decided to bring
her mother back from Turin. She intended, she said, that Countess Balbi
should henceforth spend six months of each year with her. She seemed
to be suddenly overwhelmed by an outburst of filial affection. She
threw a whole floor of the house into confusion so as so instal the
old lady as near as possible to her own apartments. She even provided
a door of communication between her dressing-room and her mother's
bedchamber. In Rougon's presence especially she made an excessive
parade of her affection, indulging in the most exaggerated Italian
expressions of endearment. How had she ever been able, she wondered,
to resign herself to such a long separation from her mother, she who,
before her marriage, had never left her for an hour? She accused
herself of want of heart. But it was not her fault, she protested; she
had been forced to yield to other people's advice, to give way before
pretended necessities, in which even now she could see no force. Rougon
remained quite unmoved by this rebellion. He had altogether ceased
to lecture her, and no longer attempted to make her one of the most
distinguished women in Paris. In former times she had filled up a gap
in his life, but now that he was in the forefront of the battle with
fourteen hours' work to get through every day, he gave little thought
to love and passion. Nevertheless, he continued to treat her with an
air of affection, mingled with that kind of contempt which he usually
manifested for women. He came to see her from time to time, and then
his eyes would occasionally gleam as in the days of old. She was still
his one weakness; the one woman who perturbed him.

Since Rougon had gone to live at the official residence of the Minister
of the Interior where his friends complained that they could no longer
see him in intimate fashion, Clorinde had thought of receiving the band
at her own house, and it had gradually become a custom for the others
to go there. To mark more plainly the fact that these receptions took
the place of those in the Rue Marbeuf, she fixed the same evenings
as Rougon had chosen, namely Sundays and Thursdays. There was this
difference, however, that in the Rue du Colisée the guests remained
till one o'clock in the morning. Clorinde received them in her boudoir,
as Delestang still kept the keys of the big drawing-room for fear of
it being damaged by grease-spots. And as the boudoir was a very small
apartment, Clorinde left the doors of her dressing-room and bedroom
open; so that, very frequently, the friends were to be found crowding
together in the sleeping-chamber amid a litter of feminine finery.

On Thursdays and Sundays, Clorinde usually made a point of hastening
home early so as to get through her dinner in time to receive her
guests. But, in spite of all her efforts to remember these evening
receptions, she twice forgot all about them, and was taken quite aback
on finding a crowd of people in her bedroom when she returned home
after midnight. One Thursday, towards the end of May, she got home
at the unusually early hour of five. She had been out on foot and
had preferred to walk all the way from the Place de la Concorde in
a heavy fall of rain rather than pay thirty sous for a cab. She was
quite soaked when she reached the house, and she went straight to her
dressing-room where her maid, Antonia, whose mouth was smeared with
jam, undressed her, laughing merrily the while at the stream of water
which poured from her mistress's clothes on to the floor.

'There is a gentleman come to see you,' said the servant, presently,
as she sat down on the floor to take off Clorinde's boots. 'He has been
waiting for an hour.'

Clorinde asked her what he was like. The maid, with her greasy dress
and unkempt hair, and her white teeth gleaming in her dusky face,
remained sitting on the floor. The gentleman, she said, was fat and
pale, and stern-looking.

'Oh, it must be Monsieur de Reuthlinguer the banker,' cried Clorinde.
'I remember now, he was to come at four o'clock. Well, let him wait.
You have the bath ready for me, haven't you?'

Then she quietly got into the bath which was concealed behind a curtain
in a corner of the room, and while in it, she read the letters which
had arrived during her absence. Half an hour went by when Antonia,
after leaving the room for a few minutes, came back again and said to
her mistress: 'The gentleman saw you come in and would very much like
to speak to you, madame.'

'Oh, dear, I'd forgotten all about him!' cried Clorinde. 'Come and
dress me, quickly.'

However, the young woman showed much capriciousness over her toilette
that evening. In spite of the neglect with which she usually treated
her person, she was occasionally seized with a sudden idolatry for
it. At these times she would indulge in the most elaborate toilette;
even having her limbs rubbed with ointments and balms and aromatic
oils, of a nature known only to herself, which had been bought at
Constantinople, so she said, from the perfumer to the Seraglio, by an
Italian diplomatist, a friend of hers. While Antonia was rubbing her,
she threw herself into statuesque attitudes. This anointing made her
skin white and soft, and beautiful as marble. One of the oils, of which
she herself carefully counted the drops as she let them fall on to a
small piece of flannel, had the miraculous quality of at once effacing
every wrinkle. And when this business was over, she would commence a
minute examination of her hands and feet. She could have spent a whole
day in adoring herself.

At the end of three quarters of an hour, however, when Antonia had
slipped some wraps over her, she suddenly seemed to recollect her
visitor. 'Oh, dear, the Baron!' she cried. 'Well, never mind, show him
in here!'

M. de Reuthlinguer had been patiently sitting in Clorinde's boudoir,
with his hands clasped over his knees for more than two hours. He was a
pale frigid man of austere morals, the possessor of one of the largest
fortunes in Europe, and for some time past he had been in the habit of
thus dancing attendance upon Clorinde twice or thrice a week. He even
invited her to his own house, that abode of rigid decorum and glacial
strictness, where the young woman's startling eccentricities quite
shocked the footmen.

'Good day, baron!' Clorinde exclaimed as he came in. 'I'm having my
hair dressed, so don't look.'

An indulgent smile played round the baron's pale lips. After bowing
with the most respectful courtesy, he remained standing quite close to
her, without a quiver of his eyelids.

'You've come for news, haven't you?' she asked. 'Well, I've just heard

Then she got up and dismissed Antonia, who went away leaving the comb
stuck in her mistress's hair. Clorinde was doubtless afraid of being
overheard, for laying her hand on the banker's shoulder and, standing
on tip-toe, she whispered something in his ear. As he listened to her,
he nodded his head briskly.

'There!' concluded the young woman, raising her voice. 'You can go now.'

But the banker took hold of her bare arm and brought her back towards
him to ask for certain explanations. He could not have been more at his
ease if he had been talking to one of his clerks, instead of to this
beautiful woman in deshabille. When he left her, he invited her to dine
at his house on the following day. His wife was very anxious to see
her again, he said. She accompanied him to the door, but all at once
crossed her arms over her bosom and turned very red as she exclaimed:
'Good gracious! I was actually about to go out with you like this!'

She now began to scold Antonia for being so slow. She would never get
finished! she cried; and then she scarcely gave the girl time to dress
her hair, saying that she hated being so long over her toilette. In
spite of the time of the year, she insisted upon wearing a long robe of
black velvet, a sort of loose blouse, drawn in at the waist with a red
silk girdle. Twice already, a servant had come to tell her that dinner
was served. However, as she passed through her bedroom, she found three
gentlemen there, of whose presence no one had had the slightest idea.
They were the three political refugees, Signori Brambilla, Staderino,
and Viscardi. Clorinde, however, showed no surprise at meeting them.

'Have you been waiting for me long?' she asked.

'Yes, yes,' they replied, gently nodding their heads.

They had arrived before the banker, but had remained extremely quiet,
for political misfortunes had made them taciturn and reflective. They
were seated side by side on the same couch, all three lolling in much
the same position, with big extinguished cigars between their lips. But
they now rose and clustered round Clorinde, and a rapid muttering in
Italian ensued. The young woman seemed to be giving them instructions.
One of the refugees took notes in cipher in a pocket-book, while the
others, appearing much excited by what they heard, stifled slight cries
with their gloved hands. Then they all three went off in single file,
with quite impenetrable faces.

That Thursday evening it had been arranged that several of the
ministers should confer together on a very important financial matter.
When Delestang went off after dinner, he told Clorinde that he would
bring Rougon back with him, at which his wife made a little grimace
which seemed to imply that she was not very anxious to see her whilom
master. There was as yet no positive break in their friendship, but the
young woman showed an increasing coldness towards Rougon.

Towards nine o'clock, M. Kahn and M. Béjuin arrived together. They were
the first of the band to put in an appearance, but were soon followed
by Madame Correur. Clorinde was found in her bedroom, stretched upon
a couch there. She complained of one of those extraordinary and
unheard-of troubles which suddenly came upon her every now and then.
She must have swallowed a fly, she said, while drinking, for she
could feel it flying about inside her stomach. Draped in her long
black velvet robe, her shoulders supported by three pillows, she none
the less looked superbly beautiful with her pale face and bare arms,
recalling indeed one of those reclining, dreaming figures, which
sculptors portray on monuments. At her feet was Luigi Pozzo, gently
twanging the strings of a guitar. He had deserted painting for music.

'Sit down, won't you?' she said to the others. 'Please excuse me. A
wretched little insect has got inside me somehow.'

Pozzo went on twanging his guitar, and singing in a low voice, with
an ecstatic expression on his face, as if lost in a reverie. Madame
Correur wheeled a chair up to Clorinde's side, and M. Kahn and M.
Béjuin, after a little searching, also succeeded in finding seats.
It was not an easy matter to do so, for the five or six chairs were
hidden beneath a litter of dresses and petticoats, so that when Colonel
Jobelin and his son Auguste arrived five minutes later, they had to
remain standing.

'Little one,' said Clorinde to Auguste, whom she still treated quite
familiarly in spite of his seventeen years, 'go and bring two chairs
out of my dressing-room.'

These were cane-seated chairs, with all the varnish worn away by the
damp linen which was constantly hung over their backs. The bedroom
was lighted by a single lamp with a shade of pink paper. There was
another in the dressing-room and a third in the boudoir, which,
seen through the doorways, seemed to be full of dusky shadow, as
though merely illuminated by a night-light. The bedroom itself, with
hangings of a tender mauve that had now turned to a pale grey, was
full of a floating haze, in which one could scarcely distinguish the
rents in the coverings of the easy-chairs, the dust-marks on the
furniture and the big ink-stain in the middle of the carpet where
some inkstand had fallen with such force that even the wainscotting
was splashed. The bed-curtains had been drawn, probably in order to
conceal the untidiness of the bed. And amidst this hazy gloom, there
rose a powerful scent as though all the bottles and flasks in the
dressing-room had remained uncorked. Clorinde obstinately refused to
have any of the windows open, even in warm weather.

'What a nice scent you've got here,' said Madame Correur,

'Oh, it's I who smell so nice,' the young woman naïvely replied.

Then she began to talk of the essences which she obtained direct from
the perfumer to the Sultanas, and even held her arm under Madame
Correur's nose. Her black velvet blouse had got a little disarranged,
and her feet, in their little red slippers, showed below it. Pozzo,
languid and intoxicated by the strong perfumes which she exhaled, was
tapping his instrument gently with his thumb.

However, after a few minutes, the conversation turned of necessity
on Rougon, as was invariably the case every Thursday and Sunday. The
band seemed to come together for the sole purpose of discussing this
one everlasting subject. Its members felt an ever-growing rancour
against the great man, a craving to relieve themselves by ceaseless
recrimination. Clorinde no longer had any trouble to set them
going. They always arrived with a fresh burden of grievances, ever
discontented and jealous, actually embittered by what Rougon had done
for them, and burning with a violent fever of ingratitude.

'Have you seen the fat man to-day?' the colonel asked.

Rougon was no longer 'the great man.'

'No,' said Clorinde; 'but we may see him here this evening. My husband
persists in bringing him to see me.'

'I was in a café this afternoon, where they were criticising him very
severely,' the colonel continued, after a pause. 'They say that his
position is very shaky, and that he won't last another two months.'

M. Kahn made a gesture of contempt. 'Well, for my part,' he said,
'I don't give him three weeks. Rougon, you see, is not cut out for
governing He is too fond of power, and gets intoxicated with it; and
then he strikes out right and left and treats people with revolting
harshness. During these last five months he has been guilty of some
most monstrous acts.'

'Yes, yes, indeed,' the colonel interrupted; 'all kinds of injustices
and unfairnesses and absurdities. He abuses his power, most certainly
he does.'

Madame Correur said nothing, but expressed, by a gesture, her opinion
that Rougon's head was not particularly well balanced.

'Ah, yes, indeed,' said M. Kahn, noticing the gesture. 'He hasn't got a
well-fixed head, has he?'

Then M. Béjuin observed that the others were looking at him, and felt
called upon to say something. 'No! Rougon's not at all an able man,' he
remarked; 'not at all.'

Clorinde lay back on her pillows, gazing at the luminous circle which
the lamp cast on the ceiling, and letting the others talk on. When they
paused, she said, with the intention of starting them again: 'There
is no doubt that he has abused his power, but he asserts that the
things with which people reproach him were done for the sole purpose
of obliging his friends. I was talking to him on the subject the other
day. The services which he has rendered you----'

'Rendered us! rendered us!' they all cried furiously. And they went on
talking all together, eager to protest against any such insinuation.
However, M. Kahn shouted the others down.

'The services which he has rendered me! That's a fine joke! I had to
wait two years for my railway grant, with the result that the prospects
of the scheme, once very brilliant, have suffered considerably. If he
is such a friend of mine, why doesn't he come to my assistance now?
I asked him to obtain the Emperor's sanction to a bill authorising
the amalgamation of my company with the Western Company, and he told
me that I must wait. Rougon's services to me, indeed! Well, I should
like to know what they are! He has never done anything for me, and he
_can't_ do anything now!'

'And I, and I, do you imagine that I am indebted to him for anything?'
cried the colonel, breaking in before Madame Correur could speak. 'He
surely doesn't take any credit to himself for that commander's cross,
which had been promised to me for five years and more? He has taken
Auguste into his office, it is true; but I bitterly regret now that I
ever let the boy go there. If I had put him into business he would have
been earning twice as much. That wretched Rougon told me only yesterday
that he would not be able to increase Auguste's pay for another
eighteen months. That is the way he ruins his credit for the sake of
his friends!'

At last Madame Correur also was able to relieve her feelings. 'Did he
mention my name?' she said, bending towards Clorinde. 'I never asked
that much from him; and have yet to learn the nature of his services to
me. He can't say as much with regard to my services to him; and if I
liked to talk----But no matter. I certainly asked him for a few favours
on behalf of my friends. I don't deny that. I delight in being of use
to anyone. But I must say that everything he has a hand in turns out
badly, and that his favours seem to bring ill-luck. There's that poor
Herminie Billecoq, an old pupil of Saint Denis, who was wronged by an
officer, and for whom Rougon procured a dowry. Well, the poor girl came
to me with a dreadful story this morning. There's no chance of her
getting married after all, for the officer has absconded, taking the
dowry with him. And you understand me. Anything that Rougon has done at
my request has been done for others, and not for myself. When I came
back from Coulonges, after the settlement of my brother's affairs, I
went to tell him of the tricks that Madame Martineau had been playing
with respect to the division of the property. I wanted the house in
which I was born as part of my share, but the wretched woman contrived
to keep it herself. Well, do you know what was the only answer I could
get from Rougon? He told me three times over that he couldn't trouble
himself any further about the miserable business!'

While Madame Correur was speaking, M. Béjuin, in his turn, had begun to
show signs of excitement, and he now stammered: 'I am exactly in the
same position as Madame. I have never asked Rougon for anything--never,
never! Anything that he may have done has been done in spite of me,
and without my knowing anything about it. He avails himself of one's
silence to take every advantage of one, yes, every advantage.'

His words died away in a mutter; and then all four remained for a
moment silently wagging their heads.

Presently M. Kahn resumed, in a solemn voice: 'The truth of the matter
is this. Rougon is an ungrateful fellow. You all remember how we
used to scour Paris, working to get him back into office. We devoted
ourselves to his cause to such a point as to take our meals anywhere
and anyhow. And he then contracted a debt towards us which in his
whole lifetime he could not fairly discharge. Now, however, he finds
gratitude too heavy a burden for him, and so he casts us adrift. Well,
we might have expected as much!'

'Yes, yes, indeed,' cried the others. 'He owes everything to us, and
he's repaying us in a pretty fashion.'

Then for a while they completely overwhelmed Rougon with an enumeration
of all the things they had done for him; whenever one of them became
silent another brought forward some still more crushing detail.
The colonel, however, suddenly felt uneasy about Auguste, who had
disappeared from the bedchamber. Just then a peculiar noise was heard
in the dressing-room--a sort of gentle, continuous dabbling sound--and
the colonel hurried off to see what it could be. He then found Auguste
apparently much interested in the bath, which Antonia had forgotten to
empty. Some slices of lemon, which Clorinde had used for her nails,
were floating on the water, and these Auguste was inquisitively

'The boy is quite a nuisance,' murmured Clorinde. 'He goes poking about

'Really, now,' said Madame Correur, who seemed to have been waiting for
the colonel's absence, 'the thing in which Rougon is most deficient
is tact. Between ourselves, I may say, now that the gallant colonel
can't hear us, that it was a great mistake on Rougon's part to take
that young man into his office in defiance of the regulations. That is
not the kind of service a man ought to render to his friends. It only
brings him into discredit.'

However, Clorinde interrupted her. 'Do go, my dear madam,' said she,
'and see what they're doing in the bathroom.'

M. Kahn had begun to smile, and, when Madame Correur left the room, he
also lowered his voice and put in a word. 'How fine it is to hear her
talk,' he said. 'The colonel has, no doubt, been well looked after by
Rougon, but she herself has no reason to complain. Rougon absolutely
compromised himself on her account in that troublesome Martineau
business. He showed himself very deficient in morality in that matter.
Nobody ought to kill a man for the mere sake of pleasing an old friend,
ought he?'

Then M. Kahn got up and began to stroll about the room, and ultimately
he went back to the ante-room to get his cigar-case, which he had left
in his overcoat. At that moment the colonel and Madame Correur came

'Hallo! has Kahn gone?' exclaimed the colonel; and, without any
transition, he went on: 'Well, we others may have a right to run down
Rougon, but Kahn, in my opinion, ought to remain dumb. I don't like
heartless people. Just now I kept from saying anything, but in a café
where I was this afternoon it was openly said that Rougon was falling
through having lent his name to that swindling railway line from Niort
to Angers. A man ought not to make such a blunder as that! To think of
that big fat imbecile firing mines and delivering speeches a mile long,
and even trying to make the Emperor responsible for the success of the
line! Ah! it's Kahn, my good friends, who's made a mess of it for all
of us! Don't you agree with me, Béjuin?'

M. Béjuin briskly nodded his head. He had already agreed with Madame
Correur and M. Kahn. Meanwhile, Clorinde, still reclining on the couch,
was amusing herself with biting the tassel of her girdle, which she
kept drawing over her face, as though she wanted to tickle herself. Her
eyes were wide open and smiling at the ceiling.

'Hush!' she said, all at once.

M. Kahn was just coming back, biting off the end of a cigar between his
teeth. He lighted it and blew out two or three big puffs of smoke, for
smoking was allowed in Clorinde's bedroom. Then, resuming the previous
conversation, he said: 'Well, if Rougon asserts that he has weakened
his power by serving us, I can truthfully declare that we have been
dreadfully compromised by his patronage. He has such a rough, brutal
way of pushing one forward that it's no wonder if one breaks one's
nose against a wall. However, as a result of all these violent ways of
his, he's now tumbling down again. For my part, I feel no desire to
help to pick him up any more. If a man can't preserve his own credit,
there must be something wrong with him. I tell you that he is seriously
compromising us. I have got heavy enough responsibilities as it is, and
I give him up.'

While saying this, however, M. Kahn spoke hesitatingly, and his
voice grew faint. Madame Correur and the colonel bent their heads to
escape the necessity of declaring themselves in the same peremptory
fashion. In spite of everything, Rougon was still in office, and before
abandoning him they wanted to secure some other powerful patron.

'The fat man isn't everybody,' said Clorinde carelessly.

At this they all looked at her, hoping that she was going to give them
some formal promise. But she made a little gesture, as though to bid
them have patience. This tacit hint of some new patronage which would
shower benefits upon them was really the mainspring of their assiduous
attendance at the young woman's Sundays and Thursdays. Among the strong
odours of her room they scented a coming triumph; and, believing that
they had exhausted Rougon in obtaining the satisfaction of their early
desires, they looked forward to the advent of some new power that
should realise their more recent dreams, which were far greater and
more numerous than the others had been.

However, Clorinde at last raised herself up from her pillows, and,
bending towards Pozzo, she blew into his neck, laughing loudly as she
did so, as though thrilled with some wild impulse of merriment. When
she felt pleased she often gave way to some such outburst of childish
gaiety. Pozzo, whose hand seemed to have gone to sleep on his guitar,
threw back his picturesque Italian head and showed his white teeth when
he was thus roused, but Clorinde went on laughing and blowing with such
force that at last he begged for mercy. Then, when she had scolded him
in Italian, she turned towards Madame Correur. 'He must sing to us,
mustn't he?' she said. 'If he will sing I won't blow any more. He has
composed a very pretty song. You will like it.'

They all asked to hear the song, and Pozzo began to finger his guitar
again. Then he sang, keeping his eyes fixed upon Clorinde all the time.
The song was like a passionate murmur accompanied by short soft notes.
The tremulous Italian words could not be distinguished; however, at
the last couplet, which seemed to be expressive of the pains of love,
Pozzo, while assuming a very mournful tone, began to smile with an
expression of mingled joy and despair. When he finished, his audience
enthusiastically applauded him. Why didn't he publish those charming
songs of his? they asked. Surely his position in the diplomatic service
could be no impediment.

'I once knew a captain who brought out a comic opera,' said Colonel
Jobelin; 'and nobody in the regiment thought any the worse of him for

'Ah, but in the diplomatic service----' murmured Madame Correur,
shaking her head.

'Oh, I think you are wrong there,' remarked M. Kahn. 'Diplomatists are
like other men, and many of them cultivate the social arts.'

However, Clorinde touched Pozzo lightly with her foot and whispered
something to him, and thereupon the young man rose, laid his guitar
on a heap of clothes, and left the room. When he returned, some five
minutes afterwards, he was followed by Antonia, carrying a tray on
which were a water-bottle and some glasses. Pozzo himself held a
sugar-basin for which there was no room on the tray. Nothing stronger
than sugared water was ever drunk at Clorinde's receptions, and her
friends knew that she was well pleased if they simply took the water by

'Hallo! what's that?' she suddenly exclaimed, turning towards the
dressing-room, where a door could be heard creaking. Then, as though
remembering, she added: 'Oh, it's my mother! She's been in bed.'

It was, indeed, Countess Balbi; who made her appearance in a black
woollen dressing-gown, with a piece of lace tied round her head.
Flaminio, the big footman with the long beard and brigand's face, was
supporting her from behind, almost carrying her, in fact, in his arms.
However, she did not appear to have aged, her pale face still smiled
with the smile of one who had been a queen of beauty.

'Wait a moment, mother!' exclaimed Clorinde, 'I'll give you this couch.
I'll lie down on the bed. I'm not feeling very well. I've got an insect
inside me; and it's begun to bite me again.'

There was a general movement. Pozzo and Madame Correur assisted the
young woman to her bed. They had to turn down the coverings, and
flatten the pillows. Countess Balbi, meantime, lay down on the couch
while Flaminio remained standing behind her, black and silent, though
glaring ferociously at the visitors.

'You don't mind my lying down, do you?' said Clorinde to the others.
'I feel so much better when I'm lying down. I'm not going to send you
away. You must stay where you are.'

She was stretched out at full length, her elbow resting on a pillow,
while her spreading black blouse looked like a stream of ink upon
the white counterpane. Nobody had had any idea of going away. Madame
Correur was talking in a whisper to Pozzo about Clorinde's superb
figure, while M. Kahn, M. Béjuin and the colonel paid their respects
to the Countess, who nodded her head and smiled. Every now and then,
without turning round, she would call in a soft voice: 'Flaminio!'

The tall footman knew what she meant, and at once raised a cushion or
brought a stool, or took a scent bottle from his pocket, retaining,
however, in all he did the ferocious air of a brigand in evening dress.

All at once Auguste happened to have an accident. After prowling
through the three rooms, stopping to examine all the garments that were
lying about, he had felt a little bored, and to amuse himself had begun
to drink glassful after glassful of sugared-water. Clorinde kept her
eye upon him, watching the sugar-basin gradually empty, when suddenly
the youth broke his glass, against the side of which he had been
pressing his spoon too violently.

'It's all because he puts too much sugar in!' cried Clorinde.

'Dunderhead!' exclaimed the colonel. 'You can't even drink water
rationally! One big glassful every morning and every evening, that's
the way. There is nothing better. It keeps away all diseases.'

Fortunately there was a diversion, for M. Bouchard now made his
appearance. It was past ten o'clock. He had dined in town, which had
caused him to be a little late. He seemed surprised at not finding
his wife there. 'Monsieur d'Escorailles said he would bring her,' he
remarked, 'and I promised to call for her and take her home.' Half
an hour later Madame Bouchard at length arrived, accompanied by M.
d'Escorailles and M. La Rouquette. After a coolness which had lasted a
year, the young Marquis had returned to his allegiance to the pretty
blonde. He and she, it appeared, had met M. La Rouquette as they were
driving in an open cab to the Delestangs', and thereupon they had all
three gone on to the Bois together, laughing loudly and indulging in
somewhat broad pleasantries; indeed, M. d'Escorailles had even fancied
for a moment that the deputy's arm was behind Madame Bouchard's waist.
The trio brought a whiff of gaiety into Clorinde's room, something of
the fresh air of the dark avenues of the Bois along which they had just
passed so merrily.

'Yes, we've been to the lake,' said M. La Rouquette. 'They insisted
upon taking me off. I was quietly going home to work.'

Then he suddenly became serious. During the previous session he
had made a speech upon a financial question after a whole month's
special study of his subject, and since then he had affected a very
steady-going air, as though he had buried all his youthful frivolities.

'By the way,' began Kahn, taking him to the end of the room, 'you who
are on such good terms with Marsy----'

Then he continued in such a low tone that nothing further could be
heard. Pretty Madame Bouchard, who had bowed to the Countess, was now
sitting beside the bed, holding Clorinde's hand, and sympathising with
her in a fluty voice. Meantime, M. Bouchard, who remained standing in a
prim and dignified attitude, suddenly began to speak aloud amidst all
the surrounding buzz of conversation, 'I have something to tell you,'
he said, 'our fat man is a nice sort of fellow.'

Before explaining himself, however, he began to rail at Rougon as
the others had done. It was now impossible, he said, to ask him for
anything, for he could not even return a polite answer; and he, M.
Bouchard, considered that politeness came before everything. Then as
they continued to ask him what Rougon had done, he at last told them.

'I can't bear injustice,' said he. 'I spoke to him about one of the
clerks in my division. Georges Duchesne; you know him, don't you?
You've met him at my house. Well, he's a young fellow of sterling
merit, and we treat him as though he were our own son. My wife is very
fond of him, as he comes from the same part of the country as herself.
Well, we had lately been scheming to get Duchesne appointed assistant
head clerk. It was my idea, but you approved of it, didn't you, Adèle?'

Madame Bouchard looked embarrassed, and bent yet more closely to
Clorinde to escape the eyes of M. d'Escorailles, which she felt were
fixed on her.

'Well,' continued the head of department, 'how do you think the fat
man received my request? He glared at me in his offensive way for a
full minute, and then he bluntly refused to make the appointment. When
I pressed the matter, he said to me with a smile: "Monsieur Bouchard,
don't press your request; you distress me. There are very grave reasons
why I cannot accede to it." I couldn't get him to say another word.
He saw, however, that I was very much put out, and so he begged me to
remember him kindly to my wife.'

That very evening, as it happened, Madame Bouchard had had a rather
lively passage of arms with M. d'Escorailles on the subject of this
same Georges Duchesne. 'Oh well!' she now deemed it advisable to say in
a rather petulant voice, 'Monsieur Duchesne will have to wait. I don't
know that we need trouble ourselves about him.'

But her husband seemed quite determined. 'No, no,' he returned; 'he
deserves to be assistant head clerk, and he shall be! My credit is
involved. Oh, I really can't stand injustice!'

He grew so excited that some of the others had to soothe him. Clorinde,
who appeared somewhat absent-minded, was in reality trying to hear the
conversation between M. Kahn and M. La Rouquette, who had ensconced
themselves at the foot of her bed. The former was explaining the state
of his affairs. His great undertaking of a railway line between Niort
and Angers was in a very critical position. The shares had at first
been sold on the Bourse at a premium of eighty francs, before a single
stroke of work had been done. Relying upon his much-talked-of English
company, M. Kahn had indulged in the most reckless speculation, and now
the whole business was on the verge of bankruptcy, and must collapse
unless he could at once obtain some powerful support.

'Some time ago,' he said, 'Marsy offered to bring about a sale of the
concern to the Western Company. For myself I'm quite ready to enter
into negotiations. We should only want to get an Act passed.'

Clorinde heard this, and thereupon quietly beckoned to the two men,
who drew near and began a long conversation with her. Marsy, said the
young woman, bore no spite. She would speak to him on the subject, and
would offer him the million francs for which he had asked, the previous
year, as his price for supporting the grant. His position as President
of the Corps Législatif would make it an easy matter for him to get the
necessary Act passed.

'Marsy's the only man who's of any good in matters of this kind,' she
added with a smile. 'If you try to manage without him, you always have
to call him in later on to patch up the broken pieces.'

However, all the other visitors were now speaking at once, and the
room was full of noise. Madame Correur was telling Madame Bouchard of
her latest desire, which was to go to Coulonges and die there in the
family home. She grew quite pathetic as she spoke of the neighbourhood
where she had been born, and she declared that she would compel Madame
Martineau to give up the house which was full of the associations of
her childhood. Meantime, as was fatal, the men were again harping on
the subject of Rougon. M. d'Escorailles was describing the anger of
his father and mother, who had written to him upon learning how Rougon
was abusing his power, bidding him break with the minister and return
to the Council of State. The colonel, on his side, related how the
fat man had flatly refused to ask the Emperor for a post for him in
the imperial palaces. Even M. Béjuin complained that his Majesty had
never visited the cut-glass works at Saint Florent upon the occasion
of his journey to Bourges, although Rougon had solemnly promised to
obtain that favour. And amidst all this babel, Countess Balbi reclined
smiling, on her couch, looking the while at her still plump hands.

'Flaminio!' she said, softly. Then the tall footman took a little
tortoise-shell box full of mint lozenges out of his waistcoat pocket,
and the Countess crunched these lozenges with an air of quiet enjoyment.

It was nearly midnight when Delestang returned home. When they saw him
raise the hangings of the doorway leading to the boudoir, they all
became silent and turned anxiously towards him. But he let the curtain
fall again; there was no one with him. Then, after a further pause,
the visitors broke into various exclamations:

'Are you by yourself?'

'You haven't brought him with you then?'

'Have you lost the fat man on the way?'

Truth to tell, there was a general feeling of relief. Delestang
explained that Rougon had felt very tired and had left him at the
corner of the Rue Marbeuf.

'And a good thing, too!' exclaimed Clorinde, stretching herself out on
the bed; 'he's by no means entertaining.'

This was the signal for a fresh outburst of complaint and accusation.
Delestang protested and tried to get a word in; for he usually made
a pretence of defending Rougon. 'There is no doubt that he might
have acted better than he has done towards certain of his friends,'
he slowly said as soon as he was allowed to speak. 'But, in spite
of everything, he's a wonderfully clever fellow. I myself shall be
eternally grateful to him.'

'Grateful for what?' cried M. Kahn, snappishly.

'For all that he has done----'

But the others angrily interrupted him. Rougon had never done anything
for him, they cried. What was it that he supposed Rougon had done for

'You quite surprise me!' said the colonel. 'It is ridiculous to carry
modesty to that extent. You don't stand in need of anyone's help, my
dear friend. You have succeeded through your own merits.'

Then they all began to sound Delestang's praises. His model farm
at La Chamade was something unparalleled, they asserted; it had
long ago proved that he possessed all the qualifications of an able
administrator and statesman. He had a quick eye, a clear mind, and a
hand that was energetic without being rough. And besides, had not the
Emperor himself manifested the greatest appreciation of him all along?
His Majesty and himself were in accord upon almost every point.

'Pooh!' M. Kahn ended by saying; 'it is you who keep Rougon up. If you
weren't his friend and didn't support him in the council, he would have
come to grief a fortnight ago!'

Delestang, however, went on with his protestations. He himself might
indeed be of some service, but it was only right to give everyone his
due. That very evening, at the Ministry of Justice, in discussing
a very complicated financial question, Rougon had given proof of
extraordinary lucidity of mind.

'Oh yes, I daresay,' said M. La Rouquette scornfully; 'the cunning of a
smart attorney.'

Clorinde had not yet opened her lips. The visitors kept glancing at her
as though they expected her to say something. But for some time she
rolled her head on her pillow, as though she were trying to rub the
nape of her neck.

'That's right; scold him,' she said at last, speaking of her husband,
though not mentioning him by name. 'He will have to be beaten into
taking his real place.'

'The position of Minister for Agriculture and Commerce is quite a
secondary one,' remarked M. Kahn in order to precipitate matters.

This was touching a sore spot. Clorinde was annoyed at her husband
being shelved to what she considered a minor post. And she now sharply
sprang into a sitting posture, and let fall the words that everyone had
been waiting for: 'He can go to the office of the Interior as soon as
ever we wish it,' said she.

Delestang tried to speak, but all the company rushed towards him amid
an outburst of delight. Then at last he seemed to give in, a rosy flush
suffused his cheeks, his handsome face fairly beamed with pleasure.
Madame Correur and Madame Bouchard whispered to each other that he was
remarkably good looking, and the latter, with that perverted taste
which makes some women admire baldness, cast loving glances at his bare
skull. Then M. Kahn, the colonel and the others, expressed by winks,
gestures and hasty words the high estimate which they set upon his
ability. They prostrated themselves before the feeblest mind of the
whole coterie, and admired one another in his person. He, at any rate,
would be an easy and docile master, and would never compromise them.
They could set him up as a god with impunity, free from all fear of his

'You are quite fatiguing him,' at last exclaimed pretty Madame Bouchard
in her tender voice.

Fatiguing him, were they? At this there was a general outburst of
sympathy. In point of fact Delestang was looking rather pale again,
and his eyes had a sleepy expression. But nothing tries a man like
brain-work, the visitors remarked to each other with an air of
commiseration, and the poor fellow had been working since five o'clock
that morning! Then they gently insisted that he should go to bed. And
he obeyed them with quiet docility, kissing his wife on the forehead
and then quitting the room.

It was now one o'clock, and the guests began to speak of retiring,
whereupon Clorinde assured them that she was by no means sleepy, and
that they might stay on. However, no one sat down again. The lamp in
the boudoir had just gone out, and there was a strong smell of oil in
the room. It was with difficulty that they could find sundry small
articles, such as Madame Correur's fan, the colonel's stick, and Madame
Bouchard's bonnet. Clorinde, calmly stretched on her bed, stopped
Madame Correur just as the latter was going to ring for Antonia. The
maid, it appeared, always went to bed at eleven o'clock. Then just as
they were all going away, the colonel suddenly bethought himself of
Auguste, whom he had forgotten. He found him asleep on a sofa in the
boudoir, with his head resting on a dress which he had rolled up to
form a pillow; and the others scolded him for not having attended to
the lamp. In the gloom of the staircase, where the gas was turned very
low, Madame Bouchard gave a little scream. She had twisted her foot,
she said. Finally, as the visitors carefully felt their way with the
aid of the balusters, loud peals of laughter were heard upstairs; Pozzo
having lingered after the others had gone.

Every Thursday and Sunday the friends met at Clorinde's in this way;
and it was generally rumoured that Madame Delestang now held political
receptions. It was said that extremely liberal proclivities were aired
at them, and that Rougon's despotic administration was vigorously
attacked. The whole band indeed had now begun to dream of a sort
of democratic empire in which every public liberty would gradually
expand. The colonel, in his leisure moments, drew up codes of rules for
trades-unions. M. Béjuin spoke of building cheap workmen's houses round
his cut-glass works at Saint Florent, and M. Kahn talked to Delestang
for hours at a time, of the democratic part that the Bonapartes were
destined to play in modern society. And every fresh act of Rougon's was
hailed with indignant protests, with expressions of patriotic alarm
lest France should be ruined by such a man. One day Delestang started
the theory that the Emperor was the only genuine Republican of his
time. The coterie put on the airs of a religious sect to which the only
means of salvation had been exclusively entrusted, and its members
soon openly plotted the fat man's overthrow for the good of the country.

Clorinde, however, showed no inclination for haste. They would find
her lying at full length on one or other of the couches in her rooms,
gazing into the air as if examining patches of the ceiling. And while
the others prated and walked impatiently about the room, she remained
silent and impenetrable, merely glancing at them every now and then
as though to advise them to be more guarded in their language. She
now went out less than she had done previously, and with Antonia's
assistance often amused herself by dressing as a man, seemingly to
while away her time. She manifested, too, a sudden affection for her
husband, kissing him before company, talking caressingly to him, and
showing a lively anxiety about his health, which was excellent. It
might be that she adopted these tactics to conceal the absolute sway
and ceaseless surveillance which she maintained over him. She directed
his slightest actions, taught him his lesson every morning like a
school-boy who could not be trusted. Delestang on his side evinced the
most docile obedience. He bowed, smiled, or frowned, said black was
white or white was black, just as she pulled the string. And whenever
he felt that he wanted winding up again, he voluntarily came back to
her and placed himself in her hands to be manipulated. But all the
while he seemed to outsiders to be the head of the household.

Clorinde still waited. M. Beulin-d'Orchère, although he avoided coming
to her evening receptions, frequently saw her during the day. He
complained bitterly of his brother-in-law, whom he accused of making
the fortunes of a crowd of strangers, while he seemed to think nothing
of his own relatives. It was entirely Rougon's doing, he asserted, if
the Emperor had not entrusted the seals to himself. Rougon was afraid
of having anyone in the council with whom he might have to share his
influence. Clorinde did all she could to whet the judge's anger, and
she also dropped hints of her husband's approaching triumph, and held
out a vague hope that the rejected one might be included in the new
ministry. She was, however, really making use of Beulin-d'Orchère to
find out what went on at Rougon's house. With feminine vindictiveness
she would have liked to see the great man unhappy in his domestic
relations, and accordingly she spurred the judge on to persuade his
sister to take his side against her husband. He tried to do so, no
doubt, and may even have voiced his regrets respecting a marriage from
which he had derived no benefit. But probably his words had no effect
upon Madame Rougon's quiet, placid nature. To Clorinde he would say
that his brother-in-law had seemed very nervous for some time past, and
he would even hint that the fitting time for his overthrow had come.
Then with his eyes fixed on the young woman, but with the amiable way
of one who in all innocence retails the gossip of society, he would
recount a whole series of Rougon's characteristic actions. Why did she
not act, if she were really mistress of the situation? he seemed to
urge. But Clorinde only stretched herself out the more, and put on the
air of one who is kept indoors by wet weather, and must patiently await
a ray of sunshine.

However, at the Tuileries the young woman's influence was certainly
increasing; and courtiers spoke in whispers of his Majesty's strong
admiration for her. At the balls and official receptions, indeed,
everywhere that the Emperor met her, he was always hanging about her,
casting side-long glances at her and whispering to her with a quiet
smile. She on her side was playing her old part, the part she had
played when she was looking for a husband, putting on the most enticing
airs, behaving with a semblance of easy freedom, but always keeping on
her guard and making her escape at the critical moment. She seemed,
indeed, to be biding her time, waiting for the hour when the Emperor
would be unable to refuse her any request that she might make of him.
Doubtless she wished to secure the triumph of some long-planned scheme.

It was about this time that she suddenly began to manifest great
affection for M. de Plouguern. For several months there had been a
coolness between them. The old senator, who had been most constant in
his attendance upon her, coming to see her almost every morning while
she was dressing, was much annoyed one day at being refused admittance
while she was engaged with her toilette. He thought this a great shame,
for wasn't he her godfather, he asked, and hadn't he dandled her upon
his knees when she was quite a little child? However, M. de Plouguern
urged all this in vain. Matters ended in a rupture, and whenever M.
Kahn or Colonel Jobelin happened to ask the young woman about the
old senator, she would somewhat stiffly reply: 'I'm told that he is
growing young again. But I never see him now.'

This lasted for a time. Then, all at once M. de Plouguern was to be
constantly found at her house. He wandered about it at all hours of
the day, doing Clorinde's bidding like a maid of all work: 'Godfather,
go and get me my nail-file!' she would say, 'It is in the drawer, you
know--Godfather, get me the sponge.'

She called him godfather in a caressing, affectionate manner. On
his side he now frequently spoke of Count Balbi, and gave details
of Clorinde's birth. He asserted that he had been introduced to her
mother but a short time before that birth; which was distinctly
false. However, the relative positions of the two were never clearly
ascertained. Nor did people learn what business it was that had again
brought Clorinde and the old senator together. In all probability he
was just then necessary to her; she had some part for him to play in
a drama of which she was constantly dreaming. She would indeed talk
to him in obscure terms of some vague indefinite event which was
very slowly approaching consummation. And on his side he seemed to
be calculating combinations like a chess-player, though he generally
ended by shaking his head as though he could come to no satisfactory

On the few occasions when Rougon came to see Clorinde, she affected
great weariness and spoke of going to Italy for three months. But
then with lowered eyelids she would examine him with a sharp gleaming
glance, while a smile of refined cruelty hardened her lips. She would
have liked to strangle him then and there with her tapering fingers,
but she was anxious that her attack should prove quite effective when
it did come; and this long wait for the time when her nails would be
fully grown was not without a spice of pleasure to her. Rougon, who was
always very absent-minded, shook hands with her mechanically, never
noticing the nervous fever of her flesh. He even fancied that she
had given up her eccentricities, and complimented her upon rendering
obedience to her husband. 'You are now nearly all that I wished you to
be,' he said to her. 'You have taken the right course. Women ought to
remain quietly at home.'

'Good heavens! what an idiot he is!' she exclaimed with a shrill laugh
when he had gone away. 'And he thinks that it is the women who are the

At last, one Sunday evening towards ten o'clock, when the whole band
had assembled in Clorinde's bedroom, M. de Plouguern came in with
a triumphant air: 'Well,' he exclaimed, trying to appear extremely
indignant, 'have you heard of Rougon's last exploit? This time, surely,
the measure is full!'

They all eagerly clustered round him. No one had heard of anything.

'Ah! It is abominable!' he added, excitedly waving his arm in the air.
'It is inconceivable that a minister could sink to such depths!'

Then he entered into particulars. When the Charbonnels had gone to
Faverolles to take possession of their cousin Chevassu's property, they
had made a great out-cry about the alleged disappearance of a large
quantity of silver plate. They accused the woman who had been left in
charge of the house, a very pious person, of having stolen it. They
asserted that this miserable creature, upon learning the decision of
the Council of State, had conspired with the Sisters of the Holy Family
and carried to their convent all such valuables as could easily be
concealed. Three days later the Charbonnels dropped the accusations
against the housekeeper and charged the Sisters themselves with having
ransacked the house. This caused a terrible scandal in the town.
However, the commissary of police still refused to search the convent,
when Rougon, after receiving a letter from the Charbonnels, telegraphed
to the prefect directing him to order a strict perquisition at once.

'Yes, a strict perquisition, those were the words in the message,'
M. de Plouguern said in conclusion, 'And then the commissary and two
gendarmes were seen ransacking the convent. They were there for five
hours. The gendarmes insisted upon poking into every corner. They even
examined the Sisters' beds to see if the missing plate were under the

'Oh! how abominable!' cried Madame Bouchard, in disgust.

'He must be entirely destitute of the slightest idea of religion!'
declared the colonel.

'Well, what can you expect?' asked Madame Correur. 'Rougon has never
conformed with the requirements of faith. I often tried to reconcile
him with God, but always failed in my efforts.'

M. Bouchard and M. Béjuin shook their heads in a hopeless sort of way,
as though they had just heard of some frightful social catastrophe
which made them despair of humanity; while M. Kahn, energetically
rubbing his fringe of beard, inquired: 'Of course they discovered
nothing in the convent?'

'Absolutely nothing!' replied M. de Plouguern. Then he continued
hastily: 'A silver sauce-pan, I think, two cups, and a cruet-stand,
mere trifles, presents which the esteemed deceased, an old man of
extreme piety, had given to the Sisters in acknowledgment of their kind
attention to him during his long illness.'

'Yes, yes, of course!' said the others.

The old senator dwelt no further on that subject; but in a very
deliberate way, accentuating each sentence by bringing one hand down
upon the other, he resumed: 'That, however, is not the important point.
The question is one of the respect due to a convent, to one of those
holy houses where the virtues, driven from our impious society, have
sought refuge. How can we expect the masses to be religious when they
see attacks made upon religion by men in such high positions? Rougon
has been guilty of utter sacrilege in this matter, and he will be
called to account for it. All the decent minded folks in Faverolles are
bursting with indignation. Monseigneur Rochart, the well-known bishop,
who has always manifested a particular affection for the Sisters, has
come to Paris to demand justice. In the Senate, too, to-day a great
deal of annoyance was shown, and there was some talk of raising a
discussion on the strength of a few details which I was able to supply.
And finally the Empress herself----'

Every head was now eagerly craned forward.

'Yes, the Empress has learnt this deplorable story from Madame de
Llorentz, who heard it from our friend La Rouquette, to whom I myself
told it. When she heard it her Majesty exclaimed: 'Monsieur Rougon is
no longer worthy of speaking in the name of France!'

'Quite right!' said all the others.

All through that Thursday night and until one o'clock the next morning
nothing else was talked of. Clorinde had not opened her mouth. At M.
de Plouguern's first words she had lain back on her couch, looking a
little pale and compressing her lips. Then, unnoticed, she quickly
crossed herself three times, as though thanking heaven for having
at last granted her a long-entreated favour. The narrative of the
perquisition wrung from her various gestures expressive of outraged
piety, and gradually she flushed quite red. Then, gazing up towards the
dim ceiling she became absorbed in reverie.

And while the others were discussing the matter, M. de Plouguern glided
to the young woman's side, and with his sceptical snigger softly
whispered in her ear: 'He has insulted God Almighty! He is done for!'



During the ensuing week, Rougon heard a growing clamour rise around
him. Everything else might have been forgiven: his abuse of power,
the grasping greed of his band, and the choking grip in which he held
the whole country; but to have sent gendarmes to poke about the cells
of the Sisters was so monstrous a crime that the ladies of the Court
affected to shudder when he passed them. Then, too, Monseigneur Rochart
was creating a terrible commotion throughout the official world, and
it was said that he had even complained to the Empress herself on the
subject. Moreover, the scandal was doubtless kept alive by a few wily
individuals, who were bent on making the most of it; for orders and
suggestions circulated, and the same complaints were raised at once
in every quarter. Amidst all these furious attacks, Rougon at first
maintained a perfectly serene and smiling demeanour. He shrugged his
broad shoulders and spoke scoffingly of the whole matter. At an evening
reception at the Ministry of Justice he even remarked: 'By the way,
I never told you that they found a priest hidden in the convent.'
However, when this sally circulated there was a fresh outburst of
anger, and then he on his side at last became impassioned. People
were making him quite sick with all their foolish talk, he said; the
Sisters were certainly thieves, for silver cups and saucepans had been
discovered in their possession. And he actually showed an inclination
to take further steps in the matter, made inquiries, and threatened
to overwhelm the whole clergy of Faverolles with confusion in the

Early one morning, however, the Charbonnels presented themselves
before him; at which he was much astonished, for he did not know
that they were even in Paris. As soon as he saw them, he exclaimed
that matters were proceeding most satisfactorily, and that he had
sent instructions to the prefect to compel the public prosecutor to
take active steps. But at this M. Charbonnel assumed an expression
of consternation, and Madame Charbonnel replied: 'No, no! we don't
want that! You have gone too far, Monsieur Rougon. You have quite
misunderstood us.'

Then they both began to sing the praises of the Sisters of the
Holy Family, who were extremely good women, they said; though they
themselves had for a moment gone to law against them, they had never
ventured so far as to accuse them of anything base. Such a charge would
have produced the greatest amazement in Faverolles, where everyone in
society held the Sisters in such high esteem.

'You will do us the greatest injury, Monsieur Rougon,' Madame
Charbonnel said, in conclusion, 'if you continue to show such violence
towards religion. We have come to pray you to desist from further
action. Down yonder people don't understand the real state of affairs,
but think that it is we who are hounding you on; so, if you don't stop,
they will end by stoning us.... We have made a handsome present to the
convent, an ivory crucifix, which used to hang at the foot of our poor
cousin's bed.'

'Well, we've warned you now,' added M. Charbonnel, 'and the
responsibility rests with you. We have nothing further to do with the

Rougon let them talk on. They seemed to be very much displeased with
him, and gradually raised their voices in indignation. As the minister
looked at them he felt a slight chill and sudden lassitude, as though
some portion of his strength had again been ravished from him. However,
he made no attempt to discuss the subject, but dismissed his visitors,
promising that he would take no further steps in the affair; and,
indeed, so far as he was concerned, he let the whole matter die out.

During the last few days his name had been indirectly mixed up in
another scandal. A frightful tragedy had taken place at Coulonges.
Du Poizat, obstinately intent upon getting the better of his father,
had again one morning knocked at the old miser's door. Five minutes
afterwards the neighbours heard the sound of gun-shots in the house,
accompanied by fearful shrieks. When they made their way inside, they
found the old man stretched at the foot of the staircase with his head
split open. Two discharged guns were lying on the hall floor, and Du
Poizat told them, with a livid face, that his father, upon seeing
him advance towards the staircase, had suddenly shouted, 'Thieves!'
as though he were mad, and had fired upon him twice, almost touching
him with the muzzle of his gun. In proof of this, he even showed them
a bullet-hole in his hat. However, said he, just as his father was
advancing still nearer, he had fallen and broken his skull against
the bottom step. This tragical death, this mysterious, unwitnessed
drama, had given rise to the most unpleasant rumours throughout the
department. The doctors said it was clear that the old man had died of
an attack of apoplexy. Nevertheless, the prefect's enemies insinuated
that he must have given his father a push, and the number of these
enemies increased day by day, owing to the harshness of his rule, which
oppressed Niort as with a reign of terror. Stern and pale, with his
teeth clenched and his hands twitching, Du Poizat had to check the
gossips on their doorsteps with a glance from his fierce grey eyes as
he passed along the streets.

However, another misfortune befell him. He was obliged to remove
Gilquin, who had compromised himself by taking a bribe to procure
a conscript exemption from the service. It was his wont to promise
exemption to peasants' sons on being paid a hundred francs a head.
All that Du Poizat could do for Gilquin in the matter was to save
him from prosecution and then disown him. So far the sub-prefect had
relied entirely upon Rougon, and had tried to make him more and more
responsible for every matter that went wrong. Now, however, he probably
divined something of the minister's critical position, for he came to
Paris without giving him any intimation of his intention to do so. He
felt his own position to be very much shaken, and, fearing the collapse
of the power which he had so largely helped to ruin, he was already on
the look-out for the support of some influential hand. He contemplated
asking permission to change his prefecture in order to escape certain
dismissal. Indeed, since his father's death and Gilquin's knavery,
Niort was becoming quite impossible for him.

'I just met Monsieur Du Poizat in the Faubourg Saint Honoré,' Clorinde
mischievously said to the minister one day. 'Aren't you good friends
now? He seems very bitter against you.'

Rougon avoided making any reply. After being compelled to refuse
several favours to the prefect, he had become conscious of increasing
coldness between them, and they now simply confined themselves to
official intercourse. The desertion was becoming general. Even Madame
Correur had abandoned Rougon. On certain evenings he again experienced
that feeling of loneliness which he had formerly felt in the Rue
Marbeuf when his friends were doubting his star. At the close of his
busy days, amidst the crowd of visitors who besieged his drawing-room,
he felt alone and lost and heart-broken, because his old familiar
friends were not there. And he once more began to feel an overwhelming
craving for the continuous praises of the colonel and M. Bouchard,
for all the vitalising warmth with which his little court had once
encompassed him. He even regretted M. Béjuin's silence. And so he made
an attempt to win his old associates back again, by showing himself
very pleasant and amiable, writing to them and even venturing to call
on them. But the ties were broken, and he could never succeed in
getting them all around him. If he contrived to piece up the links
at one end of the chain, some mischance kept those at the other end
broken; the chain remained imperfect in spite of every endeavour; some
of his old friends were invariably absent. At last they all abandoned
him. This was the death-agony of his power. He, strong as he was, was
bound to those foolish weaklings by the long labour of their common
fortune; and, as each deserted him, a piece of his being seemed to be
ravished away. His strength and abilities remained as it were useless
in this lessening of his importance; his big fists only struck the
empty air. On the day when his shadow alone showed in the sunshine and
he could no longer add to it by an abuse of power and patronage, it
seemed to him as if he held but little room in the world; and he began
to dream of a new incarnation, a resurrection in the shape of some
Jupiter Tonans, with no band at his feet, but ruling by the sole power
of his voice.

However, Rougon did not yet feel that his position was seriously
threatened. He treated with disdain the bites that scarcely touched
his heels. He went on governing with stern decision, unpopular and
solitary. His great reliance was on the Emperor. His only weakness was
his credulity. Each time that he saw his Majesty he found him kindly
disposed and amiable, ever preserving his impenetrable smile; and the
Emperor invariably renewed his expressions of confidence, and repeated
the instructions which he had so frequently given before. This seemed
quite sufficient to Rougon. His sovereign could have no thought of
sacrificing him.

His feeling of security led him to venture on a deep stroke of policy.
To silence his enemies and place his authority on a firmer footing than
ever, he sent in his resignation couched in the most dignified terms.
He spoke of the complaints which were being circulated against him,
and asserted that he had strictly obeyed the Emperor's commands, but
at the same time he felt the need of his Majesty's undoubted approval
before further continuing his labours for the public weal. Moreover, he
undisguisingly championed a stern policy, posed as the representative
of merciless repression. The Court was at Fontainebleau at the time,
and the resignation having been despatched, Rougon awaited the result
with the confidence of a cool gamester. All the recent scandals, the
tragedy at Coulonges, the perquisition at the convent of the Sisters of
the Holy Family, would be blotted out, he thought. At any rate, if he
were destined to fall, he wished to fall boldly like the strong man he

On the day when the minister's fate was to be decided, it so happened
that a bazaar was held at the Orangery in the Tuileries gardens in
support of an orphanage which the Empress patronised. All the palace
circle and the high officials would certainly attend out of respect
for their Majesties. And Rougon resolved that he also would go and
show them his unruffled face. It was quite a piece of bravado, this
idea of boldly confronting the people who cast furtive glances at him,
of thus exhibiting his contemptuous unconcern amidst their hostile
whispers. Towards three o'clock, while he was giving a final order
to his chief subordinate, his valet came to tell him that a lady and
gentleman particularly wished to see him in his private rooms. The card
which the servant brought bore the names of the Marquis and Marchioness

The two old people, whom the valet, deceived by their almost shabby
appearance, had left in the dining-room, rose ceremoniously when Rougon
appeared. He hastened to lead them into the drawing-room, feeling some
emotion at their presence and also a thrill of disquietude. However, he
spoke of their arrival in Paris as an unexpected pleasure, and tried
to appear as amiable as possible. But the Marquis and his wife remained
cold and stiff and sullen.

'Monsieur,' at length said the Marquis, 'you will excuse, I hope, the
step we have considered it necessary to take. It concerns our son
Jules. We wish him to retire from the administration; we ask you to
keep him no longer about you.' Then, as the minister looked at him with
extreme surprise, he added: 'Young people are not to be depended upon.
We have twice written to Jules telling him our reasons, and desiring
him to send in his resignation. As he has not obeyed our instructions,
we at last determined to come ourselves. This is the second time,
monsieur, that we have come to Paris in thirty years.'

Then Rougon began to protest. Jules had the most promising future
before him, said he; they would simply ruin his career. But the
Marchioness made a gesture of impatience, and began to explain her
reasons with more animation than her husband had shown. 'It is not for
us, Monsieur Rougon, to judge you,' said she, 'but there are certain
traditions in our family. Jules must not be mixed up in any abominable
persecution of the Church. Everyone at Plassans is amazed already. We
should embroil ourselves with the whole nobility of the neighbourhood.'

Rougon at once understood what was amiss. He was going to reply, but
the Marchioness silenced him with an imperious gesture.

'Let me finish!' she said. 'Our son entered the public service in spite
of our protests. You know what grief we felt at seeing him take office
under an illegitimate government. It was all I could do to keep his
father from cursing him. However, our house has been in mourning ever
since, and when we receive our friends, the name of our son is never
mentioned. We had sworn that we would trouble ourselves about him no
longer; but there are limits to everything, and it is intolerable that
an Escorailles should be mixed up with the enemies of our holy faith.
You hear me, do you not, monsieur?'

Rougon bowed. He did not even think of smiling at the old lady's pious
fibs. She and her husband once more stood before him proud and haughty
and disdainful, as in the old days when he had prowled about Plassans
pinched with hunger. If anyone else had used such language to him, he
would certainly have had them turned out by the lackeys. But now he
felt wounded, distressed, shrunken as it were. He again thought of his
youth of sordid poverty, and for a moment could almost have fancied
that he was wearing his old worn-down shoes once more. However, he
promised that he would use his influence with Jules to make him conform
with his parents' wishes; and then alluding to the reply which he was
awaiting from the Emperor he just added: 'It is quite possible, madame,
that your son will be restored to you this very evening.'

When he was alone again, Rougon felt a thrill of fear. That old couple
had succeeded in disturbing his hitherto unruffled placidity. He now
hesitated about going to the bazaar where all eyes would read his
perturbation on his face. He felt ashamed, however, of this childish
fear, and so passed through his study on his way out. Then he asked
Merle if anything had come for him.

'No, your excellency,' respectfully replied the usher, who had been on
the look-out all the morning.

The Orangery in the Tuileries Gardens, where the bazaar was being
held, had been sumptuously decorated for the occasion. Crimson velvet
hangings with fringes of gold concealed the walls, and transformed
the huge bare gallery into a lofty gala hall. Towards one end on the
left, large curtains, also of crimson velvet, were stretched across
the gallery, cutting off a portion of it. They were, however, looped
up with bands ornamented with huge golden tassels so as to afford
free communication between the chief section of the hall, where the
stalls were ranged on either side, and the smaller division where a
refreshment counter had been fitted up. The floor was strewn with fine
sand; and in each corner stood majolica pots containing rare plants.
In the middle of the square space formed by the stalls there was a low
circular settee upholstered in velvet and with a very sloping back;
and from the centre of it a huge column of flowers shot up, a sheaf
of stems amongst which drooped roses, carnations, and verbenas, like
a shower of dazzling drops. On the terrace overlooking the Seine, in
front of the folding glass-doors, which had been thrown wide open, some
grave-looking ushers in black dress coats glanced at the cards of the
_invités_ as they arrived.

The lady patronesses did not expect many people before four o'clock.
Erect behind their stalls in the great hall they waited for customers
to arrive. Their wares were spread out on long tables covered with
crimson cloth. There were several stalls of Parisian and Chinese fancy
goods; two of children's toys; a florist's kiosk crammed full of roses;
and, lastly, inside a tent, a lucky-wheel, like those to be seen at
the fairs in the Parisian suburbs. The stall-holders, in low-necked
theatre dresses, assumed all the persuasive graces of shopkeepers, the
seductive smiles of _modistes_ trying to palm off old-fashioned goods,
and they modulated their voices alluringly, as they prattled and puffed
their wares. They made themselves quite familiar with everyone who came
to purchase of them. A Princess presided over one of the toy stalls,
and in front of her, on the opposite side of the hall, a Marchioness
sold purses which had cost twenty-nine sous for twenty francs a-piece.
These two were rivals, each seeking to make a larger sum of money than
the other. They seized hold of customers, called out to the men, and
asked the most shameless prices; and, after bargaining as greedily
as thievish butchers, they would throw in the tips of their fingers
or a glimpse of their bosoms to turn the scale and complete some
remunerative transaction. Charity was, of course, their excuse.

Little by little the hall gradually filled. Gentlemen calmly halted and
examined the stall-holders, as though the latter formed part of the
goods for sale. Fashionably dressed young fellows crowded round certain
stalls, laughing and flirting, while the lady-sellers flitted from one
to another with inexhaustible complacence, offering all their wares in
turn with the same charming expression. It seemed quite an enjoyment
to them. Sales by auction could be heard proceeding, interrupted by
joyous peals of laughter, amid the low tramping over the sanded floor.
The crimson hangings softened the bright light from the lofty windows,
and diffused a ruddy glow, which here and there set a pinky touch on
the stall-holders' bare necks and shoulders. And in the space between
the stalls six other ladies, a baroness, two bankers' daughters, and
the wives of three high officials, threaded their way among the public
with light baskets hanging from their necks. These darted upon each new
arrival, crying cigars and matches.

However, Madame de Combelot met with particular success. She was the
flower girl, and sat on a high seat in the rose-crammed kiosk, a carved
and gilded affair which looked like a great pigeon-cote. She was
dressed in a tight-fitting rose-coloured dress, the corsage of which
was very low. And she wore no jewellery, but simply the regulation
bunch of violets nestling on her bosom. To make herself as much like a
genuine flower-girl as possible, it had occurred to her to tie up her
bouquets in public, holding the wire between her teeth and twisting it
round a full-blown rose, a bud, and three leaves, which she sold at
prices ranging from one to ten louis, according to the appearance of
her customers. And her bouquets were in such demand that she could not
make them quickly enough, while every now and then she pricked herself
in her haste and quickly sucked the blood from her fingers.

In the canvas tent opposite the flower stall pretty Madame Bouchard
presided over the lucky-wheel. She was wearing a charming blue
peasant-costume, high waisted and with a _fichu_-shaped bodice; indeed
almost a disguise which gave her quite the appearance of a vendor of
cakes and gingerbread. She also affected a pretty lisp and a guileless
air which was very original. Over the lucky-wheel were displayed the
different prizes; some hideous trifles in leather, glass, and china,
worth four or five sous a-piece. And every few moments, whenever there
was a lack of patrons, Madame Bouchard called out, in her pretty
innocent voice, which suggested some simple Susan fresh from her
village: 'Try your luck, gentlemen! Only twenty sous a time! Try your
luck, gentlemen!'

The refreshment room, which, like the larger hall, had its floor sanded
and its corners decorated with rare plants, was furnished with little
round tables and cane-seated chairs. It had been made to resemble a
café as much as possible. At one end, behind a massive counter, were
three ladies who fanned themselves while waiting for orders. Decanters
of _liqueurs_, plates of cakes and sandwiches, sweetmeats, cigars
and cigarettes, were set out in front of them, recalling the kind of
display which one sees at the buffets of questionable dancing saloons.
Every few moments the lady in the middle, a dark and petulant Countess,
rose and bent forward to pour out a glass of something or other,
seeming quite bewildered amidst all those decanters, and dashing her
bare arms about at the risk of breaking everything. It was Clorinde,
however, who was the real queen of the buffet. It was she who handed
the customers the refreshments they ordered, when they sat down at the
little tables. She looked like Juno masquerading as a waiting-maid.
She wore a yellow satin robe slashed slant-wise with black satin, a
dazzling, extraordinary arrangement which suggested a blazing star with
a comet's tail sweeping after it. Her bodice was cut very low, and
she sailed about majestically amidst the cane-seated chairs, carrying
her glasses on a pewter tray with all the serenity of a goddess. Her
bare elbows brushed against the men's shoulders, and her bosom showed
conspicuously as she bent down to take their orders, evincing no haste
as she did so, but answering every one with a smile, apparently quite
at her ease. When the refreshments had been consumed, she received in
her queenly hand the silver and copper coins tendered in payment, and,
with a gesture that had already become familiar to her, dropped them
into a bag hanging from her waist.

At last M. Kahn and M. Béjuin came into the buffet and sat down. The
former jocosely rapped the zinc table at which he installed himself
just as he might have done at a café, and called: 'Two beers, madame.'

Clorinde hastened up, served the two glasses of beer, and then remained
standing near the table, to snatch a little rest, as just then there
happened to be very few customers. And while she wiped her fingers on
which some beer had trickled, M. Kahn noticed the peculiar brightness
of her eyes, the expression of triumph with which her whole face shone.
He blinked at her for a moment, and then asked: 'When did you get back
from Fontainebleau?'

'This morning,' she replied.

'You've seen the Emperor, then, I suppose? Well, what is the news?'

Clorinde smiled, compressed her lips in a peculiar fashion, and then in
her turn looked at M. Kahn. The latter thereupon noticed that she was
wearing an eccentric ornament which he had never seen before. It was a
dog-collar encircling her bare neck; a real dog-collar of black velvet,
with buckle, ring and bell. The bell was of gold, and a pearl tinkled
inside it. Upon the collar there were two names in letters of diamonds,
oddly twisted and interlaced. And from the ring a thick gold chain fell
over her bosom, and then rose again, ending in a gold plate fastened to
her right arm, on which were these words: _I belong to my master_.

'Is that a present?' softly asked M. Kahn, pointing to the ornament.

Clorinde nodded assent, still keeping her lips compressed with a
cunning, sensual expression. She had desired this servitude and she
paraded it with shameless serenity, as though she felt honoured by a
sovereign's choice, an object of envy to every other woman. When she
had made her appearance with this collar round her neck, on which the
keen eyes of rivals fancied they could decipher an illustrious name
interlaced with her own, every woman present had understood the truth,
and had exchanged significant glances with her acquaintances.

However, business in the refreshment room was suddenly becoming brisk.
'A glass of beer, madame, please,' said a fat gentleman wearing a
decoration--a general--as he looked at Clorinde smiling.

When she had brought the beer, two deputies asked her for some
Chartreuse. A crowd was now pouring into the buffet, and orders were
given on all sides for liqueurs, lemonade, biscuits, and cigars. And
the men, while staring at Clorinde, repeated in whispers the various
stories which were current. For her part she turned her neck in all
serenity, the better indeed to show her dog-collar and the heavy gold
chain which tinkled as she moved. That she had been a queen of the
left hand imparted additional piquancy to her present assumption of
the part of a waiting-maid, who, answering every one's beck and call,
dragged statuesque feet--which had been passionately kissed by august
moustaches--over the floor of a mock café, amongst pieces of lemon-peel
and biscuit-crumbs.

'It's really quite amusing,' the young woman said, as she came back and
stood by M. Kahn. 'One of the gentlemen actually gave me a pinch just
now! But I didn't say anything. What would have been the good? It's all
for the sake of the poor, isn't it?'

M. Kahn motioned to her to stoop, and when she had done so, he
whispered: 'Well, what about Rougon?'

'Hush! You'll know everything soon,' she replied, in equally low tones.
'I have sent him an invitation card, and I am expecting his arrival.'
Then, as M. Kahn wagged his head, she added, with animation: 'Yes, yes,
I know him, I'm sure he'll come. And besides he knows nothing of what
has happened.'

M. Kahn and M. Béjuin then began to look out anxiously for Rougon's
appearance. They could see the whole of the large hall through the
opening in the curtains. The crowd there was increasing every minute.
On the circular settee several men were lounging with their knees
crossed and their eyes sleepily closed, while a continual flow of
visitors brushed against their feet as it streamed past. The heat was
becoming excessive; and the hubbub grew ever louder in the roseate
haze that floated over the forest of black silk hats. Every few
moments, too, the grating, rattling sound of the lucky-wheel could be

Madame Correur, who had just arrived, was going slowly round the
stalls. She looked very fat, in her gown of grenadine striped white and
mauve; and there was a shrewd expression on her face, the calculating
air of the customer who looks about her with the intention of making
some advantageous bargain. There were plenty of such to be made, she
said, at these charitable bazaars, for the ladies often did not know
the value of their wares. However, she never bought anything of such
stall-holders as were friends of her own, for they always tried to take
advantage of her. When she had been all round the hall, moving the
different goods about, examining them and putting them back in their
places again, she returned to a stall where some fancy articles in
leather were displayed for sale, and here she remained for fully ten
minutes turning everything over with an air of perplexity. At last,
she carelessly took up a Russian leather pocket-book, on which she had
really cast her eyes a quarter of an hour previously.

'How much?' she asked.

The stall-holder, a tall, fair, young woman, who was joking with two
gentlemen, scarcely turned as she replied: 'Fifteen francs.'

The pocket-book was worth at least twenty. These ladies, who contended
with each other in wresting extravagant prices from the men, generally
sold their goods to visitors of their own sex at cost price, actuated
in the matter by a sort of freemasonry. Madame Correur, however, laid
the pocket-book on the stall again, and put on an expression of alarm.
'Oh, it is too expensive,' she said. 'I want something for a present,
but I don't wish to give more than ten francs. Have you got anything
nice for ten francs?'

Then she began to turn all the goods over again. Nothing, however,
seemed to suit her. What a pity it was that the pocket-book was so
dear! She took it up again and poked her nose into the pockets,
whereupon the stall-holder, growing impatient, at last offered to sell
it to her for fourteen francs, and then for twelve. That, however,
was still too much, according to Madame Correur, who, after much keen
bargaining, succeeded in getting it for eleven.

'I prefer selling things if I can,' said the tall young woman. 'All the
ladies bargain and not one of them buys anything. If it weren't for the
gentlemen I don't know what we should do!'

As Madame Correur went off she had the satisfaction of finding inside
the pocket-book a ticket denoting that the real price was twenty-five
francs. Then she strolled about again, and finally installed herself
behind the lucky-wheel, by the side of Madame Bouchard, whom she called
her 'pet,' and whose side curls she began to arrange.

'Ah! here comes the colonel!' suddenly exclaimed M. Kahn, who was still
sitting in the refreshment room with his eyes fixed upon the entrance.

The colonel had come because he could not very well help doing so. He
hoped, however, to get off with the expenditure of a louis, though the
thought of even that small outlay was already making his heart bleed.
As soon as he made his appearance he was surrounded and attacked by
three or four ladies, who repeated: 'Buy a cigar of me, monsieur! A box
of matches, monsieur!'

The colonel smiled, and politely extricated himself from their skirts.
Then he looked round him and coming to the conclusion that he had
better spend his money at once, he went up to a stall presided over
by a lady high in favour at Court, of whom he inquired the price of
a very ugly cigar-case. Seventy-five francs! The colonel could not
suppress a gesture of alarm, and dropping the cigar-case he hurriedly
escaped; while the lady, flushing red and feeling offended, turned her
head away as though he had been guilty of some shocking impropriety in
her presence. Then the colonel, desirous of preventing any unpleasant
comments, went up to the kiosk where Madame de Combelot was still
manufacturing her little bouquets. These, at any rate, could not be so
very expensive, he thought. However, he would not even venture upon the
purchase of a bouquet, for he felt sure that Madame de Combelot would
put a fairly good price upon her handiwork; so from amongst the heap of
roses he chose a cankered bud, the poorest and most insignificant he
could see.

'What is the price of this flower, madame?' he then inquired, with a
great show of politeness, as he took out his purse.

'A hundred francs, monsieur,' replied the lady, who had been stealthily
watching his manœuvres.

The colonel began to stammer, and his hands trembled. This time,
however, he felt that retreat was impossible. There were several people
watching him. So he reluctantly paid his money and then sought refuge
in the refreshment room.

'It is an abominable swindle, an abominable swindle!' he muttered, as
he took a seat at M. Kahn's table.

'You haven't seen anything of Rougon in the hall, have you?' asked M.

The colonel made no reply. He was casting furious side-long glances at
the stall-holders. Then, hearing M. d'Escorailles and M. La Rouquette
laughing loudly in front of one of the stalls, he ground out between
his teeth: 'Ah! it's all very well for those young fellows! They manage
to get something for their money!'

M. d'Escorailles and M. La Rouquette certainly seemed to be amusing
themselves. The ladies at the stalls were struggling to get possession
of them. As soon as they had made their appearance, all hands had
beckoned to them and they were called on every side: 'Monsieur
d'Escorailles, you know that you promised me--' 'Now, Monsieur La
Rouquette, do buy this little horse of me! No? Well, you shall buy a
doll, then! Yes, a doll: a doll's exactly what you want!'

The two young men were walking arm in arm for mutual protection as
they playfully asserted. They advanced radiant, enraptured through the
attacking battalion of petticoats, greeted with a caressing chorus of
sweet voices. Every now and then they disappeared amidst a wave of
bare shoulders, against which they pretended to defend themselves with
little cries of alarm. And at every stall they allowed themselves to be
attacked. Then they began to affect miserliness and to assume the most
comical expressions of surprise. What! a louis for a doll that wasn't
worth more than a sou! Oh, that was quite beyond their means! Two
louis for three pencils! What! did the ladies want to reduce them to
starvation? The ladies were immensely amused and their pretty laughter
rippled on in flute-like strains. They grew keener than ever, quite
intoxicated by the shower of gold raining around them, and trebled
and quadrupled their prices in their craving for plunder. They passed
the young men on from stall to stall with significant winks; and such
remarks as 'I'll squeeze them well!' or 'You can stick it on with
them!' were bandied about; remarks which the two young fellows heard
and acknowledged with playful bows. Behind them the ladies triumphed
and boasted one to the other. The cleverest and most envied was a girl
of eighteen, who had sold one of them a stick of sealing wax for three
louis. However, when they at last reached the end of the hall and a
lady insisted upon forcing a box of soap into M. d'Escorailles' pocket,
he shook his purse before her face, saying: 'But I haven't a copper
left. Shall I give you a promissory note for the money?'

The lady, who was quite excited, took the purse and searched it. Then
she looked at the young man, and it seemed as though she was on the
point of asking him for his watch chain. However, it was all a trick on
M. d'Escorailles' part. On such occasions he took an empty purse with
him by way of amusement.

'Come, let's be off!' he said, dragging M. La Rouquette away. 'I'm
going to be stingy now. We must try to recoup ourselves, eh?'

'Try your luck, gentlemen! Twenty sous a chance!' called Madame
Bouchard as they passed in front of the lucky-wheel.

They at once approached her, and went into the business
enthusiastically. For a quarter of an hour the lucky-wheel was kept
going without cessation. First one, then the other set it spinning. M.
d'Escorailles won two dozen egg-cups, three little looking-glasses,
seven china figures, and five cigarette-cases; while M. La Rouquette's
winnings consisted of two packets of lace, a china tray mounted on feet
of gilded zinc, some glasses, a candlestick, and a box with a glass
cover. Madame Bouchard became indignant: 'Come, that's enough,' said
she, 'you're too lucky! I won't let you go on any longer! Here, take
your winnings away.'

She had arranged them in two big piles upon a table beside her. M. La
Rouquette seemed filled with consternation at the sight of them; and
asked her to exchange them for the regulation bunch of violets which
she was wearing in her hair. But she declined to do so. 'No, no,' she
said, 'you've won those things, haven't you? Very well, then, take them
away with you.'

'Madame is quite right,' remarked M. d'Escorailles, gravely. 'We
mustn't despise fortune, and for my part I do not mean to leave a
single egg-cup behind me. I'm getting stingy.'

He had spread out his handkerchief and was tying his winnings up
in a neat bundle, which caused a fresh burst of gaiety. And M. La
Rouquette's embarrassment was equally amusing. But at last Madame
Correur, who had hitherto kept in the background with smiling matronly
dignity, protruded her fat rosy face. She would be very glad to make an
exchange, said she.

'Oh, no, I don't want anything!' the young deputy hastily exclaimed.
'Take the whole lot; I make you a present of everything.'

He and Escorailles did not, however, take themselves off at once, but
began to whisper doubtful compliments to Madame Bouchard. Turning
a lucky-wheel was all very well, they told her, but she knew much
better how to turn men's heads. Meanwhile Madame Bouchard dropped her
eyelashes and giggled like a peasant-girl chaffed by gentlemen. Madame
Correur gazed at her in admiration. 'Isn't she sweet? Isn't she sweet?'
she exclaimed every now and then, with a rapturous expression.

But Madame Bouchard at last began to rap M. d'Escorailles' fingers, for
he wanted to examine the mechanism of the lucky-wheel, alleging that it
did not work fairly. Would they never leave her at peace? she cried. As
there was nothing more to be got out of them they had better go. And
when she at length managed to get rid of them, she again began to call
in a coaxing voice: 'Only twenty sous a spin, gentlemen. Come and try
one spin!'

At that moment M. Kahn, who had risen from his chair to look over the
heads of the crowd, hastily sat down again. 'Here's Rougon coming!' he
exclaimed. 'Let's pretend not to see him.'

Rougon was slowly making his way up the hall. He stopped first at
Madame Bouchard's tent, tried his fortune at the lucky-wheel, and
afterwards purchased a rose from Madame de Combelot for three louis.
Having thus contributed to the funds of the charity, he seemed inclined
to take his departure. He elbowed his way through the throng, already
turning towards one of the doors. But all at once, having glanced into
the refreshment room, he abruptly altered his course, and entered
the buffet, proudly, calmly, with head erect. M. d'Escorailles and
M. La Rouquette had now taken seats beside M. Kahn, M. Béjuin, and
the colonel. M. Bouchard also came up and joined them. And all of
them trembled slightly as the minister passed by, so big and strong
did he seem to them with those massive limbs of his. He greeted
them familiarly in a loud distinct voice and seated himself at a
neighbouring table. He kept his broad face raised, and turned it slowly
to the right and left as though anxious to confront unflinchingly the
glances which he felt were fixed upon him.

Clorinde stepped up to him, dragging her heavy yellow train
majestically behind her. 'What will you take?' she asked him, affecting
a vulgarity of manners not untinged with raillery.

'Ah, that's the question,' he answered gaily. 'I never drink anything,
you know. What have you got?'

Clorinde went rapidly through her list of liqueurs; brandy, rum,
curaçoa, kirsch-water, chartreuse, vespétro, anisette, and kummel.

'No, no, I won't have any of those. Give me a glass of sugared water.'

She went off to the counter, and came back with the glass of sugared
water, still preserving an air of goddess-like majesty. And she
lingered in front of Rougon, watching him stir the sugar. The minister
continued to smile, making the first commonplace remarks that suggested
themselves to him. 'You are well, I hope? It is an age since I saw you.'

'I have been at Fontainebleau,' she quietly replied.

Rougon raised his eyes, and gave her a searching glance. But in her
turn she began to question him. 'And are you well pleased?' she asked.
'Is everything going on as you wish it?'

'Yes, quite so,' the minister replied.

'Oh! so much the better.'

For a moment she turned around him with all the attention of a
professional waiter. But her malicious flashing eyes were fixed on
him, as though she were every moment going to overwhelm him with her
triumph. At last, as she was making up her mind to leave him, she
raised herself upon tip-toes, and cast a glance into the adjoining
hall. And thereupon she touched Rougon's shoulder. 'There is some one
looking for you, I believe,' she said, with an animated expression on
her face.

Merle indeed was respectfully threading his way between the
neighbouring chairs and tables. He made three bows, one after the
other, and begged his excellency to excuse him; but, said he, the
letter which his excellency had been expecting all the morning had
arrived, and, although he had received no instructions, he had

'Yes, yes, all right; give it to me,' interrupted Rougon.

The usher handed him a large envelope, and then went off to prowl about
the bazaar. Rougon had recognised the writing at a glance. It was an
autograph letter from the Emperor in answer to the one proffering his
resignation. A chilly perspiration mounted to his brow; still he showed
no sign of pallor, but quietly slipped the letter into the inner pocket
of his coat, without ceasing to meet the glances that were directed
upon him from M. Kahn's table. Clorinde had just gone to speak a few
words to the latter gentleman; and the whole band was now watching
Rougon with feverish curiosity.

However, Clorinde returned and again stood in front of him, while
he drank half his glassful of sugared water, and thought of some
compliment to address to her.

'You are looking quite lovely to-day. If queens turn themselves into

But she cut his compliment short. 'You haven't read your letter then?'
she said audaciously.

For a moment he affected forgetfulness; and then all at once pretended
to recollect. 'Oh, yes, that letter. I'll read it at once, if it will
give you any pleasure.'

He opened the envelope carefully with a penknife, and at a glance read
the brief letter inside it. The Emperor accepted his resignation. For
nearly a minute he kept the letter before his face as though he were
reading it over again. He felt afraid lest he should not be able to
maintain a calm expression. A terrible protest was rising within him;
a rebellion of his whole strength, which was unwilling to accept this
downfall, shook him to his very bones. If he had not sternly restrained
himself, he would have shouted aloud, and have smashed the table with
his ponderous fists. And with his eyes still fixed upon the letter, he
pictured the Emperor as he had seen him at Saint Cloud renewing his
expressions of confidence, and confirming his previous instructions
with soft words and ceaseless smile. What long devised plan of disgrace
had Napoleon been maturing behind that impenetrable expression of his,
that he should now so suddenly have crushed him in a night, after a
score of times insisting on his retaining office?

At last, by a mighty effort, Rougon conquered his emotion. He raised
his face again, and it appeared unruffled. Then he put the letter
back into his pocket with a careless gesture. But Clorinde, whose
hands rested upon the little table, stooped eagerly towards him, and
with quivering, eager lips exclaimed: 'I knew it all. I was there this
morning--my poor friend!'

Then she went on to pity him in so cruelly mocking a voice that he
again looked keenly at her. She had ceased to dissemble now. She had
at last reached the triumph to which she had been looking forward for
months past, and she spoke slowly and deliberately, savouring the
sweetness of being at last able to show herself his implacable and
avenged foe.

'I was unable to defend you,' she continued. 'You are doubtless not
aware----' Then she broke off, and said with a cutting expression:
'Guess who succeeds you as Minister of the Interior!'

He made a gesture expressive of indifference; but she still kept her
eyes fixed on him, and at last let these words fall: 'My husband!'

Rougon, whose mouth was parched, drank some more of the sugared water.
Clorinde had thrown into her last two words the expression of all she
felt, her anger at having been formerly despised, the rancour which she
had so skilfully satisfied, her delight as a woman in having crushed
a man who was credited with the highest abilities. And she allowed
herself the pleasure of torturing him and abusing her victory. No
doubt, said she, her husband wasn't a very clever person. She confessed
it freely, and even joked about it; meaning to convey that the first
comer would have done equally as well, and that she could have made
Merle a minister if the whim had seized her. Yes, indeed, the usher
Merle, or any other imbecile that she might have come across. Any
one would have done to succeed Rougon. All this went to prove the
omnipotence of woman. Then she assumed a motherly, protecting air, and
began to lavish good advice.

'You see, my friend, as I've often told you, you made a mistake in
despising women. Women are not the fools you imagine them to be. It
used to make me quite angry to hear you speak of us as though we were
idiots, mere cumbersome paraphernalia, even mill-stones about your
neck. Look at my husband now! Have I been a mill-stone to him, do you
think? I have been looking forward to show you all this. I promised
myself this satisfaction, as you may perhaps remember, on the day when
we had a certain conversation together. Now I hope I have convinced
you. I willingly allow, my friend, that you are a very clever fellow;
but be quite sure of this, that a woman can always topple you over if
she chooses to take the trouble.'

Rougon had turned rather pale, still he smiled. 'Yes; I dare say you
are right,' he said in a low voice, calling to mind all that had gone

He indulged in no recriminations. Clorinde had sucked some of his
strength away from him to use it for his own overthrow; she had applied
to his own ruin the lessons which she had learnt from him during those
pleasant afternoons in the Rue Marbeuf. He was now drinking the cup
of ingratitude and treason; but, man of experience that he was, he
accepted it with all its bitterness. The only point which troubled him
was whether he even now fully understood Clorinde. He thought of his
former inquiries about her, his futile efforts to discover the secret
workings of that majestic but erratic machine. Decidedly, he said to
himself, the folly of man was great indeed.

Clorinde had twice left him for a moment to serve other customers; and,
now that she had had full satisfaction, she again resumed her stately
perambulations amidst the tables, affecting to take no further notice
of him. He watched her, however, and saw her approach a gentleman with
an immense beard, a foreigner, whose lavish prodigality was at that
time quite exciting Paris. He was just finishing a glass of Malaga.

'How much, madame?' he inquired, rising from his seat.

'Five francs, monsieur. Everything is five francs a glass.'

He paid the money. 'And a kiss, how much is that?' he continued, in the
same tone with his foreign accent.

'A hundred thousand francs,' answered Clorinde, without the slightest

The foreigner sat down again, and wrote a few words on a page which
he tore from a memorandum-book. Then he deposited a smacking kiss on
Clorinde's cheek, paid for it, and went off in the most phlegmatic
manner possible. All the people in the café smiled, much amused by the

'It's only a question of paying the price,' murmured Clorinde, going up
towards Rougon again.

He detected a fresh allusion in this remark. To him she had said
'Never!' And then, this man of chaste life, who had borne so bravely
the stunning blow of his dismissal, began to feel keenly pained by the
collar which Clorinde so impudently paraded. She stooped and swayed
her neck as though to provoke him still further. The pearl tinkled in
the golden bell; the chain hung low, still warm from the hands of the
giver; and on the velvet flashed the diamond letters by which Rougon
could easily read the secret known to everybody. And never before had
he so keenly felt the bite of unconfessed jealousy, the burning envy
which he had sometimes experienced in the presence of the all-powerful

The young woman probably guessed the torment he was suffering, and
it pleased her to inflict yet another pang upon him. She called his
attention to Madame de Combelot, who was still selling her roses in
the flower-stall. 'Ah! that poor Madame de Combelot!' she said, with a
malicious laugh; 'she is still waiting!'

However, Rougon finished his sugared water. He felt as though he were
choking. 'How much?' he stammered, taking out his purse.

'Five francs.'

When she had tossed the coin into the bag, Clorinde held out her hand
again. 'Aren't you going to give anything to the waiter?' she asked

Rougon felt in his pocket and brought out a couple of sous, which he
dropped into her hand. This insult was the only vengeance which his
parvenu boorishness could think of. In spite of her self-possession,
Clorinde blushed. But she quickly resumed her goddess-like demeanour,
and went off bowing and saying: 'Thank you, your excellency.'

Rougon did not dare to rise immediately. His legs felt nerveless, he
was afraid of tottering, and desired to go away as he had come, with
a firm gait and calm expression. He particularly disliked having to
pass his old friends and associates, whose straining ears and staring
eyes had not lost a point of what had taken place. So for a few moments
longer he let his glance wander over the room, feigning perfect
indifference. He was thinking over what had happened. Another act of
his political life had come to a conclusion. He had fallen, undermined,
eaten away and ruined by his band. His heavy shoulders had collapsed
beneath the weight of the responsibilities he had assumed, the acts
of folly and injustice which he had perpetrated entirely on their
account in his braggart craving to be a feared and generous chief. And
his mighty muscles only made his fall the more ignominious. The very
conditions on which he had held power: the necessity of having behind
him a crowd of greedy appetites whose longings he must satisfy, of
maintaining himself in his position by dint of abusing his credit,
had made his fall merely a question of time. And he now recalled the
slow efforts of his band, whose sharp teeth had day by day nibbled
away some of his authority. They had thronged around him, hung on to
his knees, then to his breast, then to his throat, and finally they
had choked him. They had availed themselves of him in every way. They
had used his feet to climb with, his hands to plunder with, his jaws
to devour with. They had, so to say, used his body as their own, used
it for their personal gratification, indulging in every fancy without
a thought of the morrow. And now, having drained his body, and hearing
its frame-work crack, they abandoned him like rats, whom instinct
warns of the approaching collapse of a house, the foundations of which
they have undermined. They were all sleek and flourishing, and they
were already battening upon some one else. M. Kahn had just sold his
railway line from Niort to Angers to M. de Marsy. In another week the
colonel would be gazetted to an appointment in the imperial palaces.
M. Bouchard had received a formal promise that his _protégé_, the
interesting Georges Duchesne, should be appointed assistant head clerk
as soon as Delestang entered upon his duties at the Ministry of the
Interior. Madame Correur was rejoicing over a serious illness which had
fallen on Madame Martineau, and already pictured herself residing in
her house at Coulonges, where she would live comfortably, and play the
part of a lady bountiful. M. Béjuin, on his side, was certain of the
Emperor visiting his cut-glass works towards the autumn; and, lastly,
M. d'Escorailles, after being seriously lectured by his parents, was
rendering homage to Clorinde and winning a sub-prefecture merely by the
look of admiration with which he watched her carrying glasses about
the refreshment room. And Rougon, as he glanced at his glutted band,
felt as though he had grown smaller, whereas they had attained to huge
proportions, and were crushing him beneath their weight. And he did not
dare to rise from his seat, for fear lest he should see them smile if
he happened to totter.

By degrees, however, he grew more collected and then he at last stood
up. And he was pushing the little zinc table aside to give himself
room to pass, when Delestang entered the refreshment room on Count
de Marsy's arm. There was a very curious story in circulation about
the latter. If certain whisperings were to be believed, he had gone
to Fontainebleau the previous week, while Clorinde was there, solely
to facilitate the young woman's assignations with the Emperor, by
entertaining and amusing the Empress, so as to divert her attention. To
most people this seemed merely a piquant incident; but Rougon fancied
he could detect in it a piece of revenge on the part of the Count, who
had leagued himself with Clorinde to bring about his fall, thus turning
against him the very weapons which had been successfully employed
against himself some time previously at Compiègne. At all events, the
Count, since his return from Fontainebleau, had kept perpetually in
Delestang's company.

M. Kahn, M. Béjuin, the colonel, indeed the whole coterie, received the
new minister with open arms. His appointment would not be officially
notified in the _Moniteur_ till the following morning, when it would
appear beneath the announcement of Rougon's resignation, but the
decree was signed, and so they were at liberty to triumph. They
greeted him with much vigorous hand-shaking, grinning, and whispered
congratulation; indeed the presence of the crowd alone kept their
enthusiasm within bounds. It was a gradual assumption of possession
on the part of intimates, who kiss one's hands and one's feet before
making one's entire body their prey. They already considered that
Delestang belonged to them. One of them was holding him by the right
arm, another by the left; a third had grasped one of the buttons of his
coat, while a fourth, standing behind him, craned forward and breathed
words of praise to the nape of his neck. Delestang, on his side, held
his handsome head erect with affable dignity, preserving the stately
yet imbecile demeanour of some monarch on his travels, such as one
sees in official prints, receiving bouquets from the ladies of petty
towns. Rougon looked at the group, very pale and stung to the quick by
this triumph of mediocrity, and yet he could not restrain a smile. He

'I always predicted that Delestang would go a long way,' he said with
a subtle expression to Count de Marsy, who had stepped up to him with
outstretched hand.

The Count replied by a slight pout instinct with delicate irony. He had
doubtless had much amusement since he had struck up a friendship with
Delestang after rendering certain services to his wife. He detained
Rougon for a moment, evincing the most refined politeness. Constant
rivals as they were, antagonists by reason of their very temperaments,
these two skilful men saluted each other at the termination of each
of their duels, like enemies of equal strength who looked forward to
an endless succession of return combats. Rougon had previously wounded
Marsy; Marsy had now wounded Rougon; and so it would go on until one
or other of them should be left dead on the field. It is possible
that neither would have cared to see the other absolutely ruined, for
their rivalry was at once a source of amusement and occupation. And,
moreover, they vaguely felt that they were counterpoises necessary for
the equilibrium of the Empire; one the shaggy fist which killed by a
knock-down blow, the other the slender gloved hand which clutched the
throat and strangled.

However, Delestang was a prey to painful embarrassment. He had seen
Rougon, but he did not know whether he ought to step up and shake
hands with him. In his perplexity, he glanced at Clorinde, who seemed
absorbed in her duties and indifferent to everything else. She was
now hurrying about the room with sandwiches and pastry. However, her
husband thought he could gather instruction from a glance she cast at
him, so he at last advanced towards Rougon, nervous and seeking to
justify himself.

'I hope, my dear friend, that you don't bear me any ill will,' he said.
'I refused at first, but they forced me to accept. There are demands,
you know----'

But Rougon interrupted him. The Emperor had acted in his wisdom, and
the country would find itself in excellent hands.

At this Delestang took courage. 'I said all I could in your defence,'
he continued. 'We all did. But really, between ourselves, you had gone
a little too far. The greatest grievance against you was what you did
in connection with the Charbonnel affair; the matter of those poor
Sisters, you know----'

M. de Marsy restrained a smile.

'Oh, yes, the perquisition at the convent,' replied Rougon, with all
the good humour of his successful days. 'Well, really, among the
various acts of folly which my friends led me to commit, that was
perhaps the only sensible and just act of my five months of power.'

He was already going off, when he noticed Du Poizat come in and seize
hold of Delestang. The prefect pretended not to see him. For the last
three days he had been hiding in Paris and waiting. And apparently
he was now successful in his request to be transferred to another
prefecture, for he began to express the most profuse thanks with a
wolfish smile which revealed his irregular white teeth. Then, on the
new minister turning round, Merle, whom Madame Correur had just pushed
forward, almost fell into his arms. The usher kept his eyes lowered,
like a big bashful girl, while Madame Correur spoke warmly in his

'He is not a favourite in the office,' she murmured, 'because he
protested by his silence against abuses of authority; and he saw some
very strange ones under Monsieur Rougon!'

'Yes, yes; very strange ones indeed,' added Merle. 'I could tell a
long story about them. Monsieur Rougon won't be much regretted. I've
no reason to love him myself. It was all through him that I was nearly
turned adrift.'

Rougon heard none of this; he was already slowly passing down the great
hall, where the stalls were now quite denuded of their wares. To please
the Empress, who was the patroness of the charity, the visitors had
carried everything away; and the delighted stall-holders were talking
of opening again in the evening with a fresh supply of goods. They
counted up the money they had taken, and different sums were shouted
out amidst peals of triumphant laughter. One lady had taken three
thousand francs, another seven thousand, and another ten thousand. The
last was radiant with delight at having made so much money.

Madame de Combelot, however, was in despair. She had just disposed of
her last rose, and yet customers were still thronging round her kiosk.
She stepped out of it to ask Madame Bouchard if she could not give
her something to sell, no matter what. But the latter's lucky-wheel
had likewise disposed of everything. A lady had just carried off the
last prize, a doll's washing-basin. However, they obstinately hunted
about, and at last found a bundle of tooth-picks, which had fallen on
the ground. Madame de Combelot carried it off with a shout of triumph.
Madame Bouchard followed her, and they both mounted into the kiosk.

'Gentlemen! gentlemen!' cried Madame de Combelot boldly, standing up,
and collecting the men together with a beckoning sweep of her bare arm.
'This is all that we have left, a bundle of tooth-picks. There are
twenty-five of them. I shall put them up to auction.'

The men jostled one another, laughing, and waving their gloved hands
in the air. Madame de Combelot's idea was hailed with great enthusiasm.

'A tooth-pick!' she now cried. 'We'll start it at five francs. Now,
gentlemen, five francs!'

'Ten francs!' said a voice.

'Twelve francs!'

'Fifteen francs!'

However, on M. d'Escorailles suddenly going up to a bid of twenty-five
francs, Madame Bouchard quickly called out in her fluty voice: 'Sold
for twenty-five francs!'

The other tooth-picks fetched still higher prices. M. La Rouquette paid
forty-three francs for the one that was knocked down to him. Chevalier
Rusconi, who had just made his appearance, bid as much as seventy-two
francs for another one. And eventually the very last, a very small one,
which was split, as Madame Combelot kindly announced, not wishing to
impose upon her audience, was knocked down for a hundred and seventeen
francs to an old gentleman whose eyes glistened at the sight of the
young woman's heaving bosom, as she vigorously plied the calling of

'It is split, gentlemen, but it is still a serviceable article. We've
got to a hundred and eight francs for it. A hundred and ten are bid
over there! a hundred and eleven! a hundred and twelve! a hundred and
thirteen! a hundred and fourteen! Come, a hundred and fourteen! It's
worth more than that, gentlemen! A hundred and seventeen! A hundred and
seventeen! Won't any one bid any more? Sold, then, for a hundred and
seventeen francs!'

Pursued by these figures, Rougon left the hall. He slackened his steps
when he reached the terrace overlooking the river. Stormy-looking
clouds were rising in the distance. Below him, the Seine, greasy and
dirty green, flowed sluggishly past the pale quays, along which the
dust was sweeping. In the Tuileries gardens, puffs of hot air shook
the trees, whose branches fell languidly, lifelessly, without a quiver
of their leaves. Rougon took his way beneath the tall chestnuts. It
was almost quite dark there, and the atmosphere was damp and clammy
like that of a vault. As he emerged into the main avenue, he saw
the Charbonnels sitting on a bench. They were quite transformed,
magnificent. The husband wore light-coloured trousers and a frock-coat
fitting tightly at the waist, while his wife sported a light mantle
over a robe of lilac silk, and her bonnet was ornamented with red
flowers. Astride one end of the bench, however, there was a ragged,
shirtless fellow, wearing a wretched old shooting-jacket. He was
gesticulating energetically, and gradually drawing nearer to the
Charbonnels. It was Gilquin. Administering frequent slaps to his canvas
cap, which kept on slipping off his head, he exclaimed: 'They're a
parcel of scoundrels. Has Théodore ever tried to cheat any one out of a
single copper? They invented a fine story about a military substitute
in order to ruin me. Then, of course, as you can understand, I left
them to get on as they could without me. Ah! they are afraid of me!
They know very well what my political opinions are. I have never
belonged to Badinguet's gang. I only regret one person down there,'
he continued in a lower tone, leaning forward and rolling his eyes
sentimentally. 'Ah! such an adorable woman, a lady of society! She was
fair. I had some of her hair given me.' Then, edging himself up to
Madame Charbonnel, he broke into a loud voice again, and tapped her on
the knee. 'Well, old lady, when are you going to take me with you to
Plassans to taste those preserves of yours--the apples and the cherries
and the jam? You've got your nest pretty well lined now, eh?'

But the Charbonnels seemed to be much annoyed by Gilquin's familiarity.
'We are stopping in Paris for some time,' replied Madame Charbonnel,
stiffly, while gathering up her lilac silk dress. 'We shall probably
spend six months here every year.'

'Ah, yes,' added her husband with an air of profound admiration, 'Paris
is the only place!' Then as the gusts of wind became stronger, and a
troop of nurses with children passed hastily through the garden, he
resumed, turning to his wife, 'We had better be getting home my dear,
if we don't want to be soaked through. Fortunately, we have only a step
or two to take.'

They were now staying at the Hôtel du Palais Royal in the Rue
de Rivoli. Gilquin watched them go off, shrugging his shoulders
contemptuously. 'So they leave me in the lurch too!' he muttered. 'Ah,
they're all alike.'

But then he suddenly caught sight of Rougon, and, rising with a
swagger, he waited for him to pass. 'I haven't been to see you yet,'
he said, again tapping his cap. 'I hope you're not offended. That
mountebank Du Poizat has told you some fine stories about me, I dare
say. But they are all lies, my good fellow, as I can prove to you
whenever you like. Well, for my part I don't bear you any ill will;
and I'll prove it by giving you my address, 25 Rue du Bon Puits, at La
Chapelle, five minutes' walk from the barrier. So if I can be of any
further use to you, you see, you have merely to let me know.'

Then he walked away with a slouching gait. For a moment he glanced
round as if taking his bearings, and then, shaking his fist at the
Tuileries, which showed grey and gloomy beneath the black sky at the
end of the avenue, he cried: 'Long live the Republic!'

Rougon passed out of the garden and went up the Champs Élysées. He
experienced a strong desire to go and look at his little house in the
Rue Marbeuf. He intended to quit his official residence on the morrow
and again instal himself in his old home. He felt tired but calm, with
just a slight pain in the depths of his being. He already dreamt hazily
of some day proving his powers by again doing great things. Every now
and then, too, he raised his head and looked at the sky. The rain
did not seem inclined to come down just yet, though the horizon was
streaked with coppery clouds, and loud claps of thunder travelled over
the deserted avenue of the Champs Élysées, with a crash like that of
some detachment of artillery at full gallop. The crests of the trees
shook with the reverberation. As Rougon turned the corner of the Rue
Marbeuf the first drops of rain began to fall.

A brougham was standing in front of the house, and Rougon found his
wife examining the rooms, measuring the windows and giving orders to
an upholsterer. He felt much surprised, but she explained to him that
she had just seen her brother, M. Beulin-d'Orchère. The judge, who had
already heard of Rougon's fall, had desired to overwhelm his sister,
and after informing her of his approaching assumption of office as
Minister of Justice, he had again tried to create discord between
her and her husband. Madame Rougon, however, had merely ordered her
brougham to be got ready, so that she might at once prepare for removal
into their old house. She still retained a calm, pale, nun-like face,
the unchangeable serenity of a good housewife. And with faint steps she
went through the rooms, again taking possession of that house which
she had indued with such cloistral quietude. Her only thought was
to administer like a faithful stewardess the fortune which had been
entrusted to her. Rougon felt quite touched at the sight of her spare
withered face and all her scrupulous attention.

However, the storm now burst with tremendous violence. The thunder
pealed and the rain came down in torrents. Rougon was obliged to remain
there for nearly three quarters of an hour, for he wanted to walk back.
When he set out again the Champs Élysées was a mass of mud, yellow
liquid mud, which stretched from the Arc de Triomphe to the Place de la
Concorde like the bed of a freshly drained river. In the avenue there
were but few pedestrians, who carefully picked their way along the
kerbstones. The trees stood dripping in the calm fresh air. Overhead in
the heavens the storm had left a trail of ragged coppery clouds, a low
murky veil, from which fell a glimmer of weird, mournful light.

Rougon had again lapsed into his dreams for the future. He felt stiff
and bruised, as though he had come into violent collision with some
obstacle that had blocked his progress. But suddenly he heard a loud
noise, behind him, the approach of galloping hoofs which made the
ground tremble. He turned to see what it could be.

It was a _cortège_ dashing through the mire of the roadway beneath the
faint glimmer of the coppery sky, a _cortège_ returning from the Bois
and illumining the dimness of the Champs Élysées with the brilliance
of uniforms. In front and behind galloped detachments of dragoons.
And in the centre there was a closed landau drawn by four horses and
flanked by two mounted equerries in gorgeous gold-embroidered uniforms,
each of them imperturbably enduring the splashing of the mire, which
was covering them from their high boots to their cocked hats. And
inside the dim closed carriage only a child was to be seen, the Prince
Imperial, who gazed out of the window, with his ten fingers and his red
nose pressed to the glass.

'Hallo, it's the little chap!' said a road-sweeper, with a smile, as he
trundled his barrow along.

Rougon had halted, looking thoughtful, and his eyes followed the
_cortège_ as it hurried away through the splashing puddles, speckling
even the lower leaves of the trees with all the mire it raised.



One day in March, three years later, there was a very stormy sitting
in the Corps Législatif. The privilege of presenting an address to the
Crown had been conceded by the Emperor, and, for the first time, this
address was being discussed.

M. La Rouquette and M. de Lamberthon, an old deputy, and the husband
of a charming wife, sat opposite one another in the 'buvette' or
refreshment room, quietly drinking grog. 'Well, shall we go back into
the Chamber?' said Lamberthon, who had been straining his ear to
listen. 'I fancy things are getting pretty warm there.'

Every now and then indeed one heard distant shouting, a sudden roar
like some squall of wind, but afterwards complete silence ensued. M. La
Rouquette continued smoking with an air of utter indifference. 'Oh, we
needn't go just yet,' he said; 'I want to finish my cigar. They'll let
us know if we are wanted. I told them to do so.'

La Rouquette and Lamberthon were the only members then in the
'buvette,' a sort of smart little café established at the end of the
narrow garden at the corner of the quay and the Rue de Bourgogne.
Painted a soft green, covered with bamboo trellis-work, and having
large windows that opened right on to the garden, the place looked like
some conservatory transformed into a refreshment room for a garden
party. It was panelled with mirrors; the tables and counter were of
red marble, and the seats were upholstered with green rep. One of the
windows was open, and through it there came the soft air of the lovely
spring afternoon, freshened by the breezes from the Seine.

'The Italian war filled the cup of his glory,' said M. La Rouquette,
continuing a conversation that had been interrupted. 'To-day, in
conferring liberty on the country, he displays all the greatness of his

He was speaking of the Emperor, and he went on to extol the provisions
of the November decrees,[21] the more direct participation of the
great state bodies in the policy of the sovereign, and the creation
of ministers without departments for the purpose of representing
the government in the Chambers. It was a return to constitutional
government, he said, in all its most wholesome and desirable features.
A new era, that of the liberal Empire, was beginning. Then he knocked
the ash from his cigar in a transport of enthusiasm.

But M. de Lamberthon shook his head. 'I'm afraid the Emperor has gone
rather too fast,' he said. 'It would have been better to have waited a
little longer, there was no pressing hurry.'

'Oh, yes, I assure you there was. It was quite necessary to do
something,' replied the young deputy with animation. 'It is just in
that respect that his genius----'

Then he lowered his voice, and with a profound expression began to
explain the political situation. The charges issued by the bishops
on the subject of the Pope's temporal power, which was threatened by
the government of Turin, were greatly disturbing the Emperor. On the
other hand, the opposition was growing more active, and an uneasy
thrill was passing through the country. So the moment had come for
making an attempt to reconcile the different parties, and win political
malcontents over by wise concessions. La Rouquette now considered that
the despotic Empire had been very defective; whereas the liberal Empire
would be a blaze of glory, illumining the whole of Europe.

'Well, I'm still of opinion that he has gone too fast,' repeated M. de
Lamberthon, again shaking his head. 'It's all very well to talk about
the liberal Empire; but the liberal Empire is the Unknown, my dear sir;
the Unknown, the Unknown----'

He thrice repeated this expression, each time in a different tone, and
waving his hand in the air. M. La Rouquette said nothing further; he
was finishing his grog. However, they still sat where they were, gazing
blankly out of the open window, as though they were looking for the
unknown fate of the liberal Empire across the quay, in the direction of
the Tuileries, where hung a thick grey haze. Behind them, beyond the
lobbies, the hurricane of voices rose afresh, with the uproar of an
approaching storm.

M. de Lamberthon turned his head uneasily. 'It's Rougon who is going to
reply, isn't it?' he asked after a pause.

'Yes, I believe so,' replied M. La Rouquette with an air of reserve.

'He was very much compromised,' the old deputy continued. 'The Emperor
has made a singular choice in appointing him as a minister without
department, and commissioning him to defend his new policy.'

M. La Rouquette did not immediately express an opinion, but slowly
stroked his fair moustache. 'The Emperor knows Rougon,' he said at last.

Then in in quite a different tone he exclaimed: 'I say, these grogs
were not up to much. I'm dreadfully thirsty. I think I shall have a
glass of syrup and water.'

He ordered one, and, after some hesitation, M. de Lamberthon decided
that he would have a glass of Madeira. Then they began to talk of
Madame de Lamberthon, and the old deputy chided his young colleague for
the rarity of his visits. The latter was lounging back on the settee,
furtively admiring himself in the mirrors, quite pleased by the soft
green tint of the walls, and the general freshness of the buvette,
which seemed almost like a Pompadour arbour reared in some princely
forest for love assignations.

However, an usher suddenly came in, almost breathless. 'Monsieur La
Rouquette, you are wanted immediately--immediately!' he gasped.

Then, as the young deputy made a gesture of vexation, the usher stooped
and whispered that he had been sent by M. de Marsy, the President of
the Chamber, himself. And he added in a louder tone, 'Everybody is
wanted; so come at once.'

M. de Lamberthon at once rushed off in the direction of the Chamber
and M. La Rouquette was following him, when he appeared to change his
mind. It had indeed occurred to him that it might be advisable to
hunt up all the deputies lounging in different parts of the building,
and send them back to their places. So he hastened first into the
Conference Hall, a beautiful apartment lighted by a glazed roof and
boasting a huge chimney-piece of green marble, ornamented with two
white marble female figures, nude and recumbent. Despite the warmth of
the afternoon, a great wood fire was burning there. At the large table
sat three deputies with sleepy eyes, which wandered over the pictures
on the walls and the famous clock, which was only wound up once a year.
A fourth deputy, who had installed himself at the fire, so as to warm
his back, seemed to be gazing with emotion at a plaster statuette of
Henri IV. which at the other end of the room stood out against a trophy
of Austrian and Prussian standards captured at Marengo, Austerlitz, and
Jena. As M. La Rouquette went from one to the other of his colleagues,
bidding them at once hurry to the Chamber, they started up as if
suddenly awakened, and hastened away in procession.

In his enthusiasm, La Rouquette was already rushing off to the library,
when it occurred to him that it would be as well to glance into the
lavatory. There he found M. de Combelot, who, with his hands plunged in
a large basin, was gently rubbing them, and smiling admiringly at their
whiteness. He did not show the least excitement, but said that he would
return to his seat in a moment. Before doing so, however, he lingered
for some time wiping his hands on a warm towel, which he then replaced
in the copper-doored stove. And finally he took his stand before a
lofty mirror, and carefully combed his handsome black beard.

There was no one in the library, which La Rouquette next visited. The
books were slumbering on their oak shelves; the two huge tables with
covers of green cloth stood severely bare; and the book-rests attached
to the arms of the chairs were folded back, and covered with a slight
coating of dust.

'There is never any one here!' exclaimed La Rouquette in a loud voice
which sounded quite strange amid all the silence and solitude; and
having closed the door with a bang he went on searching a series of
passages and halls. He crossed the Distribution Hall, floored with
marble from the Pyrenees, where his footsteps echoed as though he
had been walking through a church. And an usher having told him that
a deputy he knew, M. de la Villardière, was showing the palace to a
lady and gentleman, he obstinately set about finding him. He hastened
into the severe-looking vestibule known as General Foy's Hall, where
the statues of Mirabeau, Foy, Bailly, and Casimir Périer invariably
command the respectful admiration of country visitors. And, near by,
in the Throne Room, he at last discovered M. de la Villardière, with
a fat lady on one side of him and a fat gentleman on the other, an
influential elector and notary of Dijon and his wife.

'You are wanted,' said M. La Rouquette. 'Quick to your place, eh?'

'Yes, I'll go at once,' replied the deputy. But he could not make his
escape. The fat gentleman had taken his hat off, much impressed by the
magnificence of the hall, with its glittering gilding and mirrored
panels; and he clung firmly to his 'dear deputy,' as he called him,
and would not let him go. He was asking for some explanations of
Delacroix's paintings, the great decorative figures representing the
seas and rivers of France; _Mediterranean Mare, Oceanus, Ligeris,
Rhenus, Sequana, Rhodanus, Garumna, Araris_. These Latin words seemed
to puzzle him.

'_Ligeris_ is the Loire,' M. de la Villardière explained.

The Dijon notary briskly nodded his head to signify that he understood.
Meanwhile his wife was examining the throne, an arm-chair slightly
higher than the others, placed on a broad platform. She stood some
little distance away from it, contemplating it with reverent emotion.
Presently she summoned up sufficient courage to go nearer, and then,
furtively raising its covering, she touched the gilded wood, and felt
the crimson velvet.

However, M. La Rouquette was now scouring the right wing of the palace,
with its interminable corridors and offices and committee-rooms.
He returned by way of the Hall of the Four Columns, where young
deputies dream of fame while gazing at the statues of Brutus, Solon,
and Lycurgus. Then he cut across the large waiting hall, and hastily
skirted a semi-circular gallery, like a sort of low crypt, as dim and
as bare as a church, and lighted, day and night, by gas. Finally, quite
breathless, and dragging after him the little troop of deputies whom
he had gathered together, La Rouquette threw open one of the mahogany
doors decorated with gold stars. M. de Combelot, his hands quite white,
and his beard neatly combed, followed him, M. de la Villardière, having
made his escape from his constituents, came on close behind, and they
all rushed together into the assembly hall where the other deputies
stood erect in their places, furiously shouting and waving their arms
at a member in the tribune who seemed altogether unmoved by their

'Order! order! order!' they shouted.

'Order! order!' cried M. La Rouquette and his friends, still louder
than the others, though they knew absolutely nothing of what was going

The uproar was frightful. Some deputies were ragefully stamping
their feet, while others kept up a noise like that of a fusillade by
violently rattling the lids of their desks. Screaming and yelping
voices rose, fifelike, amidst others which were gruff and full, and
rumbled on like an organ accompaniment. Every now and then there was a
slight lull in the din, and then jeers could be distinguished in the
subsiding clamour, and some words even were plainly heard.

'It is detestable! intolerable!'

'He must withdraw it!'

'Yes, yes! withdraw it!'

However, the cry that was stubbornly repeated, which ever and ever
went on to the rhythmical stamping of heels was that of 'Order! order!
order!' coming hoarsely, huskily, from a hundred dry throats.

The deputy in the tribune had crossed his arms, and was gazing calmly
at his furious colleagues with barking faces and brandished arms.
Twice, when the tumult seemed to subside, he attempted to continue his
speech, but each time that he opened his mouth there came a renewal of
the tempest, a fresh outburst of frantic rage. The din in the Chamber
was fairly ear-splitting.

M. de Marsy, erect in his place, with his hand upon the button of his
bell, was ringing a continuous summons to silence amidst the hurricane.
His long pale face remained perfectly calm. For a moment even he ceased
to ring; quietly drew down his wristbands, and then applied himself to
his bell again. A faint, sceptical smile, which was almost habitual to
him, played round his thin lips, and whenever the shouters grew weary
he contented himself with repeating 'Gentlemen, allow me, allow me!'

At last he obtained comparative silence; and then he resumed: 'I call
upon the member in the tribune to explain the words he just made use

Thereupon the deputy in question, bending forward, with his hands
resting on the edges of the tribune, repeated his words, emphasising
them by a determined movement of the chin. 'I said that what took place
on the second of December[23] was a crime----' He was not allowed to
proceed further. The storm broke out afresh. A deputy with flushed
cheeks called him a murderer. Another applied such a filthy term to
him that the shorthand writers smiled and refrained from reporting it.
There was a cross-fire of exclamations which mingled together. However,
M. La Rouquette could be heard repeating in his shrill voice: 'He is
insulting the Emperor! He is insulting France!'

M. de Marsy made a dignified gesture and then sat down. 'I call the
speaker to order,' he said.

A long interval of agitation followed. This was no longer the drowsy
Corps Législatif which five years previously had voted a credit of
400,000 francs for the Prince Imperial's baptism. On a bench to the
left were four deputies who applauded the language which had been
used by their colleague in the tribune. There were now five of them
who attacked the Empire.[24] They were already shaking it by their
continued efforts, refusing to recognise it or to vote for it, with an
obstinate persistency which was destined to gradually rouse the whole
country against it. These five deputies kept erect, tiny group though
they were, amidst an overwhelming majority; and they replied to the
threats and fists and clamorous browbeating of their colleagues without
the least sign of discouragement, steadfast and fervent as they were in
their desire for revenge.

The very hall itself, echoing with all the feverish excitement, seemed
to have been changed. The tribune beneath the President's desk had
been set up again. The cold marbles and pompous columns round the
amphitheatre appeared to gather warmth from all the ardent oratory;
while the light that streamed from the ceiling window set the long
tiers of crimson velvet seats ablaze amid the tempests of momentous
debates. The massive presidential desk, with its severe panels,
acquired life from the irony and impertinence of M. de Marsy, who with
the slim figure of a worn-out man of pleasure showed like a thin line
against the _bas relief_ behind him. And only the symbolical statues of
Public Order and Liberty, in their niches between the pairs of columns,
preserved inanimate countenances and pupil-less stony eyes. However,
that which more than anything else imparted increased life to the hall
was the much larger number of spectators, all excitedly leaning forward
and eagerly following the discussions. The upper tier of seats had
now been revived, and the newspaper reporters had a special gallery
to themselves. High aloft, near the heavily gilded cornice, numbers
of heads were craned forward, a swarming, invading throng, which
occasionally made the uneasy deputies glance aloft, as though they
fancied they could hear the rushing tramp of the populace on some day
of insurrection.

However, the member in the tribune was still waiting for an opportunity
to continue. 'Gentlemen, to resume my argument,' he said, amidst the
noise which still rolled on. Then he paused, and in a louder voice,
which made itself heard above the tumult, he exclaimed: 'If the Chamber
refuses to hear me, I shall leave the tribune with a protest.'

'Go on! Go on!' cried several deputies; and a thick husky voice growled
out the words: 'Go on; we shall know how to answer you.' Then, all at
once, there was complete silence. From all the seats and galleries,
deputies and spectators craned their heads forward to look at Rougon,
who had just made this observation. He sat in the front row with
his elbows resting on the marble tablet before him. His broad bent
back remained motionless save when now and then he slightly swayed
his shoulders. His face was buried in his hands and could not be
seen; however, he was listening. His _début_ was awaited with great
curiosity, for he had not yet spoken since he had been appointed a
minister without portfolio. He probably divined that many eyes were
fixed on him, for at last he turned his head and glanced round the
Chamber. Opposite to him, in the ministers' gallery, sat Clorinde, in
a violet dress, with her elbows resting on the red velvet balustrade.
She gazed at him with her wonted tranquil boldness. For a moment their
eyes met, but they exchanged no smile of recognition. It was as though
they had been perfect strangers. Then Rougon reverted to his previous
position, burying his face in his hands, and again listening to the
opposition deputy.

'Gentlemen,' said the latter, 'I resume my argument. The liberties
conceded by the decree of the twenty-fourth of November are perfectly
illusory. We are still far away from the principles of '89 which are so
ostentatiously inscribed at the head of the Imperial Constitution. If
the government persists in arming itself with exceptional laws, if it
continues to force its own candidates upon the country, if it refuses
to free the press from arbitrary control, if, in a word, it still keeps
France at its mercy, all the seeming concessions which it may make will
be lying ones----'

At this the President intervened. 'I cannot permit the speaker to use
such a term,' he said.

'Hear, hear!' cried the deputies on the right.

The deputy in the tribune took up his phrase again and softened it. He
now strove to be more temperate in his language, speaking in carefully
rounded periods of great purity of style, which fell from his lips
with a solemn rhythm. But M. de Marsy angrily objected to almost every
expression he used. And then the deputy launched out into abstract
oratory, vague sentences overladen with long words, which so veiled
his real thoughts that the President was obliged to leave him alone.
However, all at once the orator returned to his old manner.

'To resume what I was saying. My friends and myself refuse to vote
the first paragraph of the address in answer to the speech from the

'We can get on very well without you!' cried a voice; at which loud
laughter sped along the benches.

'We shall not vote in favour of the first paragraph of the address,'
quietly continued the representative of the opposition, 'unless our
amendment is adopted. We cannot join in returning exaggerated thanks to
the Chief of the State when so many restrictions are imposed. Liberty
is indivisible. It cannot be cut up into fragments and distributed in
rations like alms.'

At this fresh shouts arose from every part of the Chamber.

'Your liberty is license!'

'Don't talk about alms! You yourself are begging an unwholesome

'You'd be cutting off heads if you had your way!'

'Our amendment,' continued the deputy in the tribune, as though he had
heard nothing of these cries, 'asks for the repeal of the Public Safety
Act, the liberty of the press, freedom of elections----'

Here there was another outbreak of laughter. One member exclaimed,
loud enough to be heard by his neighbours: 'Ah, my fine fellow, you'll
get nothing of all that!' and another made mocking comments on every
sentence that dropped from the speaker's lips. The greater number,
however, by way of amusing themselves, punctuated their colleague's
sentences by stealthily rapping their paper-knives on their desks,
thus producing a rattling sound something like a roll of kettledrums,
which quite drowned the speaker's voice. Nevertheless, he struggled
on to the end. Drawing himself up, he thundered forth his concluding
words in such wise as to be heard above all the uproar. 'Yes, we are
revolutionists, if by revolutionists you mean men of progress, resolved
upon winning liberty. Refuse the people liberty, and one day the people
will seize it!'

Then he descended from the tribune, amidst a fresh outburst. The
deputies were no longer laughing like a lot of school-boys. They had
risen to their feet, turning towards the left, and again shouting:
'Order! order!' The member of the opposition, who had regained his
place, remained standing among his friends. There was a deal of
surging, and the majority seemed inclined to throw themselves on those
five men who stood there so defiantly with pale faces. M. de Marsy,
however, angrily rang his bell, glancing as he did so at the gallery,
where several ladies were drawing back with an appearance of alarm.

'Gentlemen,' he said, 'it is scandalous.' And then, silence being
restored, he continued in a loud and keenly authoritative voice: 'I do
not wish to call the hon. member a second time to order. I will content
myself with saying that it is disgraceful in the extreme to proffer
from this tribune menaces which dishonour it.'[25]

A triple burst of applause greeted these words from the President.
The members of the majority cried 'bravo!' and again rattled their
paper-knives, but this time in approbation. The opposition deputy
wanted to say something in reply, but his friends restrained him.
Then the tumult gradually subsided till there only remained a buzz of
private conversation.

'I now call upon His Excellency Monsieur Rougon,' resumed M. de Marsy
in a quiet tone.

A thrill, a sigh of satisfaction as it were, ran through the Chamber,
followed by earnest attention. With slouching gait Rougon had
ponderously made his way into the tribune. He did not at first turn
his eyes upon his audience, but laid a bundle of notes in front of
him, pushed the glass of sugared water out of his way, and stretched
his hands over the narrow mahogany table as though he were taking
possession of it. Then at last, leaning against the President's desk
behind him, he raised his face. He did not seem to grow any older. His
square brow, his large well-shaped nose and his long cheeks, on which
not a wrinkle showed, still had a pale rosy tint, the fresh complexion
of some country notary. It was only his thick hair that had undergone
any change. It had begun to grizzle and grow thinner about his temples,
exposing his big ears. With eyes half-closed he glanced round the
Chamber as if looking for some one; then his glance encountered the
attentive face of Clorinde, who was leaning forward, and he began to
speak in a heavy laborious way.

'We too are revolutionists, if by that term is meant men of progress
who are resolved to restore to the country, piece by piece, every
reasonable liberty----'

'Hear! hear!'

'What government, gentlemen, has ever surpassed the Empire in according
a generous measure of liberal reform, such as the alluring programme
you have heard sketched out? It is not necessary that I should refute
the speech of the honourable member who has just spoken. It will be
sufficient to prove to you that the Emperor with his genius and noble
heart has forestalled the demands of the most bitter opponents of his
rule. Yes, gentlemen, of his own accord, our sovereign has restored to
the nation the power with which it entrusted him during a period of
public danger. A magnificent spectacle of which there are few parallels
in history! Oh! we can easily understand the discomfiture experienced
by certain lawless individuals. They are reduced to attack our
intentions, to carp at the measure of liberty which has been restored.
But you have fully understood and appreciated, gentlemen, the great act
of the twenty-fourth of November. In the first paragraph of the address
it has been your desire to express to the Emperor your deep gratitude
for his magnanimity and his confidence in the discretion of the Corps
Législatif. To adopt the amendment which has been proposed to you would
be a gratuitous insult. I will even say, an act of baseness. Consult
your own consciences, gentlemen, and ask yourselves whether you do not
feel that you are free. Liberty has been granted whole and entire--that
I formally guarantee.'

A prolonged outburst of applause here interrupted him. He had gradually
drawn to the edge of the tribune, and now, bending forward with his
right arm outstretched, he raised his voice which rang out with
wonderful power. Behind him, M. de Marsy sat back listening and smiling
vaguely like a connoisseur admiring some brilliant tour de force. And
amidst the loud cheering of the Chamber, deputies kept bending forward,
whispering or looking surprised with lips compressed. Clorinde's arms
rested listlessly on the crimson velvet balustrade, but she seemed very

Rougon continued. 'To-day,' he said, 'the hour for which we were all so
impatiently waiting has at length struck. There is no longer any danger
in making prosperous France free France also. The anarchical passions
are dead. The energy of the Sovereign and the solemn determination of
the people have for ever annihilated all abominable epochs of public
perversity. Liberty became possible on the day when the faction which
had so obstinately ignored the fundamental bases of sound government
was defeated; and for this reason the Emperor has deemed fit to lay
aside the stern strong hand, to decline excessive prerogatives as a
useless burden, rightly considering his rule to be so unassailable
that discussion may be freely allowed. And he has not shunned promises
for the future, he will carry out his task of enfranchisement to the
end, giving back one liberty after another at such times as shall
seem fitting to his wisdom. Henceforth it is a programme of continual
progress that it will be our duty to support in this assembly.'

'You, yourself, were the minister of the fiercest oppression!'
interrupted one of the five deputies on the left, indignantly rising
from his seat. And another passionately added: 'The purveyors for
Cayenne and Lambessa have no right to speak in the name of liberty!'

An outburst of murmurs followed. Several deputies, who did not quite
catch what was said, bent forward and questioned their neighbours.
M. de Marsy pretended not to have heard, and contented himself with
threatening to call all interrupters to order.

'I have just been reproached----' Rougon resumed; but shouts now rose
from the right and prevented him from continuing.

'No, no! Don't reply!'

'Such insults are unworthy of your notice!'

Rougon pacified the Chamber by a gesture, and with his big fists
resting on the edge of the tribune, he turned to the left with the
expression of a wild boar at bay. 'I will not reply,' he calmly said.

What had gone before was merely the exordium of his speech. Although
he had stated that he did not intend to refute the assertions of the
deputy of the left, he now entered upon a minute discussion. He began
by clearly stating the whole of his opponent's arguments; enumerating
them with an air of fairness and candour which had an immense effect;
for it was as though he disdained these arguments and could destroy
them by a breath. However, as he went on, he appeared to forget them
entirely, and, without replying to any of them, he attacked the weakest
with indescribable violence and quite overwhelmed it beneath a flood
of words. Applause burst forth, he triumphed. His huge body seemed to
fill the tribune; his shoulders swayed in rhythm with his periods.
His oratory was of a mediocre, inartistic order, bristling with legal
points and trite commonplaces, which he bellowed forth in thundering
tones. He shouted and brandished trivialities; and his only real
oratorical gift was his immense, inexhaustible fund of breath, which
enabled him to pour forth magniloquent sentences for hours together,
careless of what they might contain.

After he had spoken for an hour without a break, he gulped down a
mouthful of water, and panted a little while rearranging his notes in
front of him.

'Take a rest!' cried several deputies.

But he did not feel at all tired, and wanted to finish. 'What is it,
gentlemen, that is asked of you?' he resumed.

'Hush! Hush!'

Every face was now again fixed on him with silent straining attention.
At certain bursts of his oratory the Chamber quivered from one end to
the other, as though a gale had swept through it.

'What is asked of you, gentlemen, is that you should repeal the Public
Safety Act. I will not now recall the ever-accursed hour which made
that act a needful weapon. It was necessary to reassure the country, to
save France from a fresh cataclysm. To-day the weapon is sheathed. The
government, which invariably used it with the greatest prudence--I will
even say with the greatest moderation----'

'Quite true!'

'The government now only uses it in certain altogether exceptional
cases. It inconveniences no one except those sectaries who still
cherish the guilty madness of wishing for the return of the basest days
of our history. Search through our towns, search through our villages,
everywhere you will find peace and prosperity. Inquire of all orderly
citizens, and you will not find one who feels in any way oppressed
by those exceptional laws which are imputed to us as great crimes.
I repeat that, in the paternal hands of the government, they simply
continue to shield society against all hateful attempts, the success of
which, moreover, is henceforth impossible. Honest, well-disposed men
have no occasion to trouble themselves about their existence. Leave
them to their slumber, until our Sovereign shall feel justified in
doing away with them himself. But what else is asked of you, gentlemen?
Freedom of elections, the liberty of the press, every kind of liberty
that can be imagined. Ah! Let me pause for a moment to glance at the
great things which the Empire has already accomplished. All around me,
wherever I turn my eyes, I see public liberties increasing and bearing
splendid fruits. I feel the profoundest emotion. France, once fallen so
low, is now fast recovering, and giving to the world the example of a
nation winning its own freedom by its good behaviour. The days of trial
are now over. There is no longer any question of a dictatorship, or of
despotism. We are all workers in the cause of liberty----'

'Bravo! bravo!'

'Freedom of elections is asked for; but is not universal suffrage on
the widest basis the primordial source of the Empire's existence?
Doubtless the government recommends its candidates. But does not
the revolutionary party support its own with shameless audacity? We
are attacked, and we defend ourselves. Nothing could be fairer. Our
opponents would like to gag us, bind us hand and foot, reduce us to the
condition of dead bodies. That is a thing which we can never allow.
Our love for our country requires that we should advise it and tell
it where its true interests lie. It still remains the absolute master
of its destinies. It votes and we bow to its wishes. Those members of
the Opposition who belong to this assembly, where they enjoy entire
liberty of speech, are themselves a proof of our respect for the
decrees of universal suffrage. The revolutionary party must settle the
matter with the nation, for it is the nation that supports the Empire
by overwhelming majorities.... In parliament all obstacles to free
control have now been swept aside. Our Sovereign has been pleased to
accord the great bodies of the state a more direct participation in his
policy, and a conspicuous proof of his confidence in them. Henceforth
you will be able to discuss the measures of the government, you will
be able to exercise the right of amendment in the fullest degree, as
well as to express all your desires. Every year the discussion on the
address will form, as it were, an interview between the Emperor and
the representatives of the nation, at which the latter will be able to
say whatever they please with perfect freedom. It is by free and open
discussion that powerful states are formed. The tribune is restored
to you, the tribune which so many orators, whose names history has
preserved, has made illustrious. A parliament which discusses is a
parliament that works. And, to tell you the real truth, I am glad to
see here a group of opposition deputies. There will always be amongst
us opponents who will try to find us at fault, and who, by doing so,
will make our good faith show conspicuously. We solicit the most
generous treatment for them. We fear neither passion nor scandal, nor
abuse of the freedom of speech, dangerous though these things be.

'As for the press, gentlemen, under no government determined upon
making itself respected has it enjoyed greater freedom than it does
at present. Every great question and every serious interest has its
organs. The government only opposes the propagation of dangerous
doctrines, the dissemination of poisonous ideas. For the honourable
portion of the press, which is the great voice of public opinion, I
assure you that we entertain the most absolute respect. It assists us
in our task; it is the tool of the age. If the government has taken it
into its own hands, this is only to keep it from falling into those of
its enemies.'

Approving laughter arose. Rougon was now drawing near to his
peroration. He gripped the frame-work of the tribune with the stiffened
fingers of his left hand, and throwing his whole body forward he swept
the air with his right arm. His words flowed forth like a sonorous
torrent. And suddenly, amidst his glowing praise of the new liberal
policy, he seemed overcome by wild excitement. He shot his fist forward
like a battering ram, as though aiming at something yonder in empty
space. This invisible enemy was the spectre of the Red Revolution.
In a few dramatic sentences he depicted that red spectre shaking its
blood-stained banner and waving its incendiary torch as it rushed on,
leaving streams of mud and gore behind it. His voice rang out like the
alarm-bell of the days of revolution, while bullets whizzed by, and
the Bank of France was sacked and the money of respectable citizens
was stolen and shared. The deputies turned pale in their seats as they
listened. But then Rougon calmed down, and concluded by speaking of the
Emperor in warm bursts of laudation, which suggested the swaying of a
censer. 'God be thanked!' said he. 'We are under the protection of the
Prince whom Providence in its infinite mercy selected to save us. We
can safely rest beneath the shelter of his wisdom. He has taken us by
the hand, and is leading us step by step through the breakers, to the
safety of the harbour.'[26]

Vociferous applause resounded. For nearly ten minutes the proceedings
were interrupted. A crowd of deputies rushed to meet the minister as
he returned to his seat, with perspiration streaming down his face
and his figure still quivering from such an expenditure of breath. M.
La Rouquette, M. de Combelot, and a hundred others poured forth their
congratulations, and stretched out their arms to try and grasp his
hand as he passed them. The whole Chamber was heaving with excitement.
Even the occupants of the galleries shouted and gesticulated. Beneath
the sun-lit ceiling-window, amidst the gilding and the marble, all the
severe magnificence characteristic both of a temple and an office,
there raged commotion such as one might find in a public square on some
day of demonstration--bursts of doubting laughter, loud exclamations of
astonishment and of wild admiration, all the clamour, in a word, of a
passion-swayed multitude.

And as the eyes of M. de Marsy and Clorinde met, they both nodded
their heads in confession of the great man's triumph. The speech which
Rougon had just delivered was his first step up that splendid ladder of
fortune which was to carry him to so great a height.

However, a deputy had mounted the tribune. He had a clean-shaven face,
a waxy complexion, and long yellow hair, with sparse curls which fell
over his shoulders. Standing stiff and rigid, he consulted some big
sheets of paper, the manuscript of a speech, which he finally commenced
to read in an unctuous voice.

'Silence, gentlemen, silence!' cried the usher.

This deputy had certain explanations to ask from the government. He
showed great irritation at the dilatory attitude of France in presence
of the threats of Italy against the Holy See. The temporal power
of the Pope, said he, was really the ark of God, and the address
ought to contain a formally expressed hope, a command even, that
this power should be maintained in all its integrity. The speaker
launched out into historical references, and showed that the forces of
Christianity had established political order in Europe many centuries
before the treaties of 1815. Then, in periods that breathed fear and
consternation, he said that he beheld with the greatest alarm the olden
society of Europe vanishing in the midst of popular convulsions. Every
now and then, as he indulged in too direct an allusion to the King of
Italy, murmurs sped through a part of the Chamber; but the compact
group of clerical deputies on the right, nearly a hundred strong,
listened most attentively, accentuating his slightest references by an
expression of approval, applauding, too, every time that he named the
Pope with a slight reverent inclination of the head.

A chorus of bravos greeted his last words: 'It distresses me,' he
said, 'that proud Venice, the Queen of the Adriatic, should become the
obscure vassal of Turin.'

Rougon, though his neck was still wet with perspiration, his voice
hoarse and his big frame exhausted by his previous exertions, insisted
upon replying at once. It was a remarkable sight. He made a parade
of his fatigue, exhibited it ostentatiously, dragging himself to
the tribune, where he began by stammering faint words. He bitterly
complained that men of position, hitherto so loyal to the Imperial
institutions, should now be among the adversaries of the government.
There must surely be some misunderstanding. They could not wish to
swell the ranks of the revolutionists, and weaken a power which made
constant efforts to ensure the triumph of religion. And, turning
towards the deputies on the right, he addressed them with pathetic
gestures, spoke to them with a humility full of craft, as though they
were powerful foes, the only foes that he really feared.

Meantime his voice gradually recovered all its previous force, and
once more he filled the Chamber with a bellowing roar, striking his
breast the while with his closed fist.

'We are accused of irreligion,' he cried. 'It is a falsehood! We are
the reverent children of the Church, and it is our happiness to be
faithful believers. Yes, gentlemen, faith is our guide and our support
in this task of governing, which is often so heavy a burden. What,
indeed, would become of us if we did not trustfully place ourselves
in the hands of Providence? Our only pretension is to be the humble
executants of its designs, the docile instruments of the will of God.
It is this which enables us to speak out freely and to accomplish some
little good. And, gentlemen, I am happy that this opportunity presents
itself for me to bend the knee with all the fervour of a true Catholic
heart before the sovereign Pontiff, before that august and venerable
old man whose watchful and devoted daughter France will ever remain.'

Before he had well finished, the Chamber resounded with applause. His
triumph was becoming an apotheosis. The very walls shook.

When they were all leaving, Clorinde watched for Rougon to pass by. He
and she had not exchanged a word for the last three years. When he made
his appearance, looking younger and lighter, having in a single hour
given the lie to all his previous political life, ready to satisfy,
under the fiction of constitutionalism, his rageful craving for power,
she yielded to an impulsive feeling and stepped towards him, with hand
outstretched and moist caressing eyes. 'Ah!' said she, 'in spite of
everything, you are a wonderfully able fellow!'



[Footnote 1: 16,000_l_.]

[Footnote 2: This is a reference to the Peace of Paris after the
Crimean War.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 3: Morny (Marsy), it will be remembered, was the illegitimate
son of Queen Hortense, the Emperor Napoleon's mother.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 4: Charles X., the exiled king, was then living there.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 5: The idea of this clothier's advertisement--_La Redingote
grise_--was derived from the circumstance that Napoleon I. wore a grey
overcoat, like the one depicted, during his last campaigns.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 6: 1,000 frs. = £40.]

[Footnote 7: Napoleon I.]

[Footnote 8: An allusion to M. Flaubert's 'Madame Bovary.'--_Ed._]

[Footnote 9: This was the duel between St. Arnaud and Cornemuse,
in which the latter was killed. Both had been accused of stealing
4,000_l._ in notes off the Emperor's table, but the real culprit was
probably King Jérôme, Napoleon's uncle.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 10: There was a similar instrument--like a cottage piano in
shape but with a handle at the side--in the Empress's private rooms at
the Tuileries; and at her Majesty's Monday receptions, Prince Richard
Metternich, the Austrian Ambassador, would 'grind' it by the hour just
like some professional of the streets. Mérimée fell out for a time with
Chevalier Nigra, Victor Emmanuel's representative, because he suggested
one afternoon that the latter should relieve the Prince, maliciously
adding that organ grinding was essentially an Italian art.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 11: One million sterling per annum for himself;
400,000_l._ for the Empress Eugénie; and 200.000_l._ for the Prince

[Footnote 12: The narrative which follows above is virtually matter
of history, only for Gilquin's name one should substitute that of a
detective officer who carried his information to M. Claude, afterwards
famous as the chief of the French detective police.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 13: Felice Orsini.]

[Footnote 14: A favourite nickname for Napoleon III.; properly the name
of the workman whose clothes he donned when escaping from the fort of

[Footnote 15: The Opera-house then stood there.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 16: The 'Commission de Colportage,' by which at that period
all books dealing with politics or social economy had to be licensed
before being hawked about. The object of this regulation was to prevent
the circulation of all literature in any way hostile to the Imperial
policy or the organisation of the Empire.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 17: The functions of the Minister of State--an office which
no longer exists, and which might therefore puzzle even the reader
acquainted with French affairs--comprised the following matters:--The
intercourse of the Crown with the Senate, the Corps Législatif, and
the Council of State; the Sovereign's official correspondence with the
various ministries; the duty of countersigning all decrees, appointing
ministers, senators, and state councillors. The supervision of the
Imperial opera-house, the Théâtre Français, the Odéon theatre, the
Institute, the Salon, the public libraries, &c., was also within the
attributions of the Ministry of State until June, 1863, when a decree
instituted the Ministry of Fine Arts as an adjunct to that of the
Imperial Household.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 18: This was the favourite device of the Imperial Government.
Even money voted for the army was diverted to other purposes, and
France paid the penalty in 1870.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 19: That of retailing books and pamphlets by peddlers.]

[Footnote 20: When Napoleon III. was a lad his mother, Queen Hortense,
as her letters show, was wont to call him '_mon doux entêté_,'
virtually 'my gentle but stubborn boy.'--_Ed._]

[Footnote 21: November 24 and 27, 1860. These decrees gave the right of
presenting an address; promised the Legislature full explanations on
questions of home and foreign policy; and made certain provisions to
enable the deputies to present amendments to Government bills.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 22: Jules Favre.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 23: An allusion to the Coup d'État of Dec. 2, 1851.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 24: Jules Favre, Ernest Picard, Henon (of Lyons), Emile
Ollivier, and Alfred Darimon. Unhappily the two last subsequently sold
themselves to the Empire.--_Ed._]

[Footnote 25: A second call to order would have carried with it
expulsion and suspension for five days, according to the rules then in

[Footnote 26: Sedan.--_Ed._]

*** End of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "His Excellency - [Soin Exc. Eugène Rougon]" ***

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