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Title: Graham's Magazine, Vol. XXXVI, No. 1, January 1850
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Graham's Magazine, Vol. XXXVI, No. 1, January 1850" ***

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[Illustration: Drawn and Engraved by W. E. Tucker]

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[Illustration: THE DREAM.
 Engraved expressly for Graham’s Magazine by W. E. Tucker]

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[Illustration: GRAHAM’S MAGAZINE 1850
 Engraved expressly for Graham’s Magazine by W. E. Tucker]

                 *        *        *        *        *

                           GRAHAM’S MAGAZINE.
              VOL. XXXVI.      January, 1850.      No. 1.


                           Table of Contents

                    Fiction, Literature and Articles

          The Young Artist: Or The Struggle for Independence
          Alice Lisle
          Mary Norrice
          A Monticello Day
          The Life of Major-General Richard Montgomery
          A Mere Act of Humanity
          The Rumseys
          January
          About Critics and Criticism
          Caius Marius Amidst the Ruins of Carthage
          Gems From Moore’s Irish Melodies. No. I.—The
            Meeting of the Waters
          The Captives. A Tale of the American Revolution
          Taking Tea Sociably
          The Revealings of a Heart
          The Belle of Newport
          The Advocate of Love
          The End Of Romance
          Colored Birds.—The Golden Oriole
          Wild-Birds of America
          Editor’s Table
          Review of New Books

                       Poetry, Music, and Fashion

          Lines
          Ariadne
          The Motherless
          We Are Dreamers All
          Death of the Patriarch
          Genius
          The Birth of the Year
          The Two Palms
          King Witlaf’s Drinking Horn
          Stanzas: To a Friend, Who Complained of Winter as
            a Season of Endurance
          Eden
          The Light of Life
          The Telegraph Spirit
          Song.—The Congratulation
          The Lone Grave-Yard
          The Poet
          The Coquette’s Vow
          Stanzas
          I’m Dreaming Now
          The Orphan
          Leaves in October
          The Emigrant Child
          Lament of the Hungarian Father
          The Phantom Voice
          Stanzas
          Le Follet
          Sadness Makes Thee Sweeter

       Transcriber’s Notes can be found at the end of this eBook.

                 *        *        *        *        *

                                CONTENTS

                                 OF THE

                          THIRTY-SIXTH VOLUME.

                     JANUARY, 1850, TO JUNE, 1850.

Alice Lisle. By CAROLINE H. BUTLER,                                   12
A Monticello Day. By ALFRED B. STREET,                                19
“A Mere Act of Humanity.” By GRACE GREENWOOD,                         36
About Critics and Criticism. By EDGAR A. POE,                         49
An Essay on American Literature and its Prospects. By                184
  Mrs. M. A. FORD,
A Reception Morning. By F. E. F.                                     197
April,                                                               229
A Gale in the Channel. By C. J. PETERSON,                            297
A Love Story of the Prairies. By J. M. LEGARE,                       320
Buoudlemonte. By JOSEPH A. NUNES,                                    188
Bass and Bass Fishing. By FRANK FORESTER,                            408
Clifdon. By ANNIE DRINKER,                                           356
Dante’s Divina Commedia. By H. W. LONGFELLOW,                        351
February,                                                             97
Fanny Day’s Presentiment. By MARIE ROSEAU,                           143
Freaks of the Pen. By GEORGE R. GRAHAM,                              164
Fanny. By CAROLINE H. BUTLER,                                        258
Gems from Moore’s Irish Melodies. By T. S. A.                         55
Gems from Moore’s Irish Melodies. By T. S. A.                        146
Gems from Moore’s Irish Melodies,                                    221
Gods and Mortals. By A. K. GARDINER, M. D.                           263
Home: Or A Visit to the City. By the Author of “THE GOLD             335
  BEADS,”
January. By T. W.                                                     47
Kate Lorimer. By EMMA C. EMBURY,                                     232
Love’s Influence. By ENNA DUVAL,                                     114
Life of General Joseph Warren. By THOMAS WYATT, A. M.                155
Life of General Nathaniel Greene. By THOMAS WYATT, A. M.             208
Letter to N. P. Willis. By GEO. R. GRAHAM,                           224
Loiterings and Life on the Prairies of the Farthest                  239
  West. By J. M. LEGARE,
Life of General Baron De Kalb. By THOMAS WYATT, A. M.                267
Life’s Lessons Teach Charity. By ENNA DUVAL,                         313
Mary Norrice. By JEANNIE DEANE,                                       16
Myrrah of Tangiers. By CAROLINE C——,                                 125
March,                                                               169
Minna. By W. S. SOUTHGATE,                                           265
Patrick O’Brien. By H. HASTINGS WELD,                                 99
Shakspeare. By H. C. MOORHEAD,                                       291
Spring Snipe Shooting. By H. W. HERBERT,                             340
Shakspeare. By H. C. MOORHEAD,                                       404
The Young Artist. By T. S. ARTHUR,                           1, 106, 202
The Life of Major-General Richard Montgomery. By THOMAS               29
  WYATT, A. M.
The Rumseys. By AGNES L. GORDON,                                      41
The Captives. By S. D. ANDERSON,                                      57
Taking Tea Sociably. By ELLA RODMAN,                                  63
The Revealings of a Heart. By D. T. KILBOURN,                    69, 147
The Belle of Newport. By C. J. PETERSON,                              76
The Advocate of Love. By CAROLINE C——,                                80
The Golden Oriole. From BECHSTEIN,                                    87
The Two Portraits. By HELEN IRVING,                                  119
The Wilkinsons. By JOSEPH R. CHANDLER,                               135
The Lady of the Rock. By Miss J. M. WINDLE,               172, 244, 324,
                                                                     393
The Brigand and His Wife. By T. S. A.                                181
The Housekeeping Husband. By ANGELE DE V. HULL,                      270
The Darkened Casement. By GRACE GREENWOOD,                           279
The Game of Draughts. By C. F. ASHMEAD,                              308
The Fine Arts,                                                       344
The Dawn of the Hundred Days. By R. J. DE CORDOVA,                   364
The First Love of Ada Somers. By A NEW CONTRIBUTOR,                  368
Traveling. A Touchstone. By F. E. F.                                 384
The Poet Cowper. By Rev. J. N. DANFORTH,                             389
The Fine Arts,                                                       411
Valentine Histories. By S. SUTHERLAND,                               300
Wild-Birds of America. By PROFESSOR FROST,                            89
Wild-Birds of America. By PROFESSOR FROST,                           218


                                POETRY.

Ariadne. By HENRY B. HIRST,                                            9
A Household Dirge. By R. H. STODDARD,                                105
A Spanish Romance. By Mrs. FRANCES S. OSGOOD,                        142
A Midnight Storm in March. By CAROLINE MAY,                          187
A Sunbeam. By ALBERT M. NOYES,                                       195
Aileen Aroon. By WM. P. MULCHINOCK,                                  243
Ballads of the Campaign in Mexico. No. I. By HENRY KIRBY             133
  BENNER, U. S. A.
Ballads of the Campaign in Mexico. No. II. Resaca de la              182
  Palma. By HENRY KIRBY BENNER, U. S. A.
Ballads of the Campaign in Mexico. No. III. Monterey. By             237
  HENRY KIRBY BENNER, U. S. A.
Ballads of the Campaign in Mexico. No. IV. By HENRY                  318
  KIRBY BENNER, U. S. A.
Bird-Notes. By WM. H. C. HOSMER,                                     363
Ballads of the Campaign in Mexico. No. V. By HENRY KIRBY             402
  BENNER, U. S. A.
Caius Marius. By W. GILMORE SIMMS,                                    52
Death of the Patriarch. By Mrs. JULIET H. L. CAMPBELL,                18
Eden. By JOHN A. STEIN,                                               46
Evening. By J. R. BARRICK,                                           391
Fancies About a Portrait. By S. D. ANDERSON,                         154
Genius. By HELEN IRVING,                                              28
German Poets. By Mrs. E. J. EAMES,                                   266
Happiness. By RICHARD COE, JR.                                       334
I’m Dreaming Now. By CHROMIA,                                         79
Invocation to Sleep. By ENNA DUVAL,                                  264
Jacob’s Ladder. By Mrs. E. J. EAMES,                                 407
King Witlaf’s Drinking Horn. By HENRY W. LONGFELLOW,                  40
Lines. By ANNIE GREY,                                                  8
Leaves in October. By EMILY HERRMANN,                                 88
Lament of the Hungarian Father Over the Body of His Son,              90
Long Ago. By E. H.                                                   195
Lines. By GEO. D. PRENTICE,                                          242
Lines. By GEORGE D. PRENTICE,                                        296
Memory—The Gleaner. By ANSON G. CHESTER, A. B.                       220
Miss Dix, the Philanthropist. By Mrs. E. C. KINNEY,                  262
Mary. By WM. M. BRIGGS,                                              388
Night Thoughts. By GIFTIE,                                           132
Narcissos. By HENRY B. HIRST,                                        382
Out of Doors. By JAMES R. LOWELL,                                    257
Stanzas. By A. D. WILLIAMS,                                           40
Songs. By WILFRED,                                                    54
Stanzas. By ALBERT,                                                   68
Stanzas. By NINON,                                                    91
Sonnets. By CHARLES R. CLARKE,                                       113
Song. By the late WALTER HERRIES, Esq.                               118
Sonnet. By CAROLINE MAY,                                             243
Summer Friends. By I. G. BLANCHARD,                                  295
Spirit of Hope. By Mrs. E. J. EAMES,                                 296
Sonnet. By GIDDINGS H. BALLOU,                                       343
Symbols. By THOMAS BUCHANAN READ,                                    367
Sonnet. By WM. P. BRANNAN,                                           367
Scene on the Ohio. By GEO. D. PRENTICE,                              392
The Motherless. By Miss LOUISA O. HUNTER,                             11
The Birth of the Year. By HERBERT ENKERT,                             28
The Two Palms. By HENRY T. TUCKERMAN,                                 35
The Light of Life. By CLARA,                                          48
The Telegraph Spirit. By JNO. S. DU SOLLE,                            51
The Lone Grave-Yard. By Hon. J. L. STARR,                             56
The Poet. By K.                                                       62
The Coquette’s Vow. By FRANCES S. OSGOOD,                             68
The Orphan. By CLARA MORETON,                                         85
The End of Romance. By Mrs. LYDIA JANE PEIRSON,                       86
The Emigrant Child. By E. H.                                          88
The Phantom Voice. By SARAH H. WHITMAN,                               91
The Pirate. By HENRY B. HIRST,                                       112
To A. R. By R. H. S.                                                 142
The Pale Thinker. By “ORAN,”                                         145
The Evil Eye. By MARY L. LAWSON,                                     146
The Dream of Youth. By WM. P. BRANNAN,                               163
The Cry of the Forsaken. By GIFTIE,                                  187
The Two Worlds. By HENRY B. HIRST,                                   196
The Sky. By Mrs. J. W. MERCUR,                                       200
Taurus. By J. BAYARD TAYLOR,                                         201
The Secret. By RICHARD COE, Jr.                                      207
The Dying Student. By D. ELLEN GOODMAN,                              216
To —— in Absence. By GRACE GREENWOOD,                                217
The Song of the Axe. By ALFRED B. STREET,                            276
To Mrs. E. C. K. By Mrs. S. T. MARTYN,                               299
The Valley of Shadow. By HENRY B. HIRST,                             307
The “Still Small Voice.” By “L’INCONNUE,”                            310
To the Flower Hearts-Ease,                                           312
The Might of Song. By W. H. C. HOSMER,                               323
The Mountain Spring. By Miss M. MACLEAN,                             334
The Gold-Seeker. By GRACE GREENWOOD,                                 355
To Arcturus. By SARAH HELEN WHITMAN,                                 383
The Queen of the Woods. My “Lida.” By “L’INCONNUE,”                  392
The Jolly Ride,                                                      401
The Smoker. By THOMAS S. DONOHO,                                     410
The Maiden’s Complaint Against Love. By ENNA DUVAL,                  410
Uriel. By HENRY B. HIRST,                                            256
We are Dreamers All. By R. COE, Jr.                                   15
Wit and Beauty. By AGNES L. GORDON,                                   98


                              ENGRAVINGS.

The Belle of the Season, engraved by Tucker.
Title Page, engraved by Tucker.
European Oriole, engraved by J. M. Butler.
The Light of Life, engraved by Welch.
Advent of the Year, engraved by Tucker.
Colored Fashion Plate.
A Presentation Plate, engraved by Tucker.
Portrait of Gen. Montgomery, by Ackerman.
The Dream, engraved by Tucker.
The Prize Secured.
The Valentine, engraved by Tucker.
Paris Fashions.
The Lay of Love, engraved by Humphrys.
Burlington, Vermont.
Portrait of Gen. Warren.
The Idle Schoolboy, engraved by Welch.
The Brigand and His Wife, by Humphrys.
The Dangerous Student, engraved by Ross.
Paris Fashions.
Portrait of General Greene.
Mirror of Beauty.
Sunshine of Love, engraved by Humphrys.
Paris Fashions.
The Mountain Spring, engraved by Butler.
Gay and Serious, engraved by Dainty.
The Game of Draughts, by Ellis.
The Queen of the Woods, engraved by Tucker.
The Jolly Ride, engraved by Butler.
Paris Fashions.
The Meeting of the Waters.

                 *        *        *        *        *

                           GRAHAM’S MAGAZINE.

        VOL. XXXVI.     PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY, 1850.     NO. 1.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                           THE YOUNG ARTIST:


                   OR THE STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE.


                            BY T. S. ARTHUR.


                               CHAPTER I.

A young professional man, entirely dependent on his own efforts, is
always in danger of falling into the error of considering an
“advantageous” marriage as a most desirable thing. When we say
advantageous, we mean in a money point of view. Years, in the natural
course of things, must elapse before a profitable position can be
gained; and, in looking down the long vista of the future, feelings of
discouragement will naturally arise. To some, the prospect appears
almost hopeless. The young lawyer without a case on his docket, the
young physician who waits day after day for a patient, the young
minister with a hundred a year, and the young artist who paints and
draws, day after day, but has no sitter in his studio, if dependent on
their own exertions, all feel painfully the pressure of poverty. To such
the imagination will picture the advantages that money would give, and
as there is no hope of gaining money except by a slow and laborious
process through years of toil, self-denial and mortification, it is too
often the case that marriage is thought of as the means of over-leaping
all the trials and troubles that present themselves in a long and
disheartening array. With a competency in hand, how interesting would be
the profession adopted as a life-pursuit. The lawyer could bury himself
in his library without thinking about or caring for the daily bread,
diving deeper and deeper into the mysteries of his craft, and preparing
himself for a sudden stride into eminence when the day of full
preparation had come; the physician could go on with his experiments and
studies; the preacher minister lovingly to his flock, in some quiet
valley far removed from the strife and “shock of men;” and the artist
give himself up to the worship of the beautiful, undisturbed by the
little cares and wants that take away so much of the mind’s present
enjoyment. Thus, the imagination pictures a happy state of things if
money were only in possession. And what easier mode of obtaining this,
in every way to-be-desired, possession, than an advantageous marriage?
None—is the conclusion of the young aspirant for some of the world’s
higher honors. And so he goes into society and seeks an alliance with
some fair young daughter of Eve, who, among her other attractions,
possesses a few thousands of dollars. If he be a young man of naturally
delicate feelings and independent mind, the fact that he obtained a
fortune with his wife, be it large or small, will most probably make one
of the most bitter ingredients in his cup of life. Thus it proved with
Alfred Ellison, a young artist formerly residing in Philadelphia, who
sought an “advantageous” alliance as a means of professional
advancement; and as the history of his married life is full of
instruction, we will endeavor to write out some portions of it
faithfully.

At the age of twenty-two young Ellison, who had for some two or three
years been devoting himself earnestly to the art of drawing and
painting, found himself hemmed in with difficulties and discouragements
that seemed almost insurmountable. The goal he aspired to win was so far
distant that his eyes could scarcely reach it, and between lay barriers
that he sadly feared he would never be able to pass. Without an income,
and without friends to sustain him for a few years until he could
command the patronage of those who loved the arts, how was he to sustain
himself? To go abroad and study the works of the old masters in Italy
was the dearest wish of his life; but there was no hope of this—at
least not in the present, for the little profitable work he was able to
procure scarcely gave him food and decent raiment, and was not, when
completed, in a style of art at all flattering to his vanity.

“Oh! if I only had the means of studying abroad for two or three years,
and not thus be compelled to disgrace myself and the profession by
painting mere daubs of portraits in order to get my daily bread,” would
fall from his lips over and over again, as he threw aside his brush and
pallet and yielded himself up to desponding thoughts. His hopes were too
ardent and his imagination too bright for the cold realities of the
present. Patience and perseverance amid difficulties were not the
leading elements of his character. A lover of art, and possessing a high
appreciation of the beautiful, all that he had yet been able to
accomplish appeared in his eyes so poor and defective, that he rather
shrunk from than courted public attention.

“If I could but hide myself away for two or three years, and devote all
that time to the study and practice of art, how happy I would be! Then I
could come before the public and present something worthy of the native
ability I possess, and worthy to stand beside the productions of those
who have won an honored name in the profession.” Thus would he indulge
in dreams of what for the present was unattainable, and idly repose for
a season under a sense of bitter discouragement.

As Ellison was social in his feelings and possessed of many qualities
that made him an agreeable companion, he had a wide circle of
acquaintance and was liked wherever he went. Among those into whose
society he was occasionally thrown was a young lady named Clara Deville,
who was understood to possess, in her own right, a property valued at
twenty thousand dollars. She had two brothers, each of whom had
received, in the settlement of their father’s estate, a like amount. For
Clara, Ellison had entertained little beyond an ordinary feeling of
friendship. She was an agreeable companion at any time, though she did
not possess a lively imagination nor was her temperament poetic. The
sterling points in her character were, strong good sense and a quick
appreciation of the rights of others. Though plain in her person, few
after becoming acquainted with her thought of this, and if it were said
to one of her intimate acquaintances that she was rather homely than
otherwise, the remark would not meet with a ready assent, for none who
knew her well thought her homely.

Ellison, though he mingled a good deal in society and was a favorite
with young ladies, had not thought of marriage, at least not of a
present marriage. While he had not the means of supporting a wife he
deemed it prudent to keep his heart free from all love entanglements.

[Illustration]

One day a friend who understood his position in society said to him—

“Why don’t you marry?”

“Marry!” exclaimed Ellison. “I would as soon think of jumping into the
river.”

“Why not?”

“I’m hardly able to support myself.”

“Get a wife with money. Your talents are a fair set off to a fortune.”

“A very poor fortune they have yielded so far.”

“It will be different a few years hence. Get a wife with money enough to
make you easy and comfortable, and then give yourself up heart and soul
to your profession without a thought or care about dollars and cents.
Your wife will make a good investment of her money, and you will be as
happy as a king.”

“Upon my word!” said Ellison, laughing, “you have made out the case
finely.”

“Wont it do?”

“It looks all very pretty.”

“Can you make out a better case yourself?”

“Perhaps not. But the next thing is the lady.”

“No difficulty about that.”

“Indeed! Well, who is the fair creature?”

“I could mention half a dozen. But I choose for you a good sensible
woman as a wife.”

“Her name?”

“Clara Deville.”

The young man shook his head.

“What’s your objection?”

“Clara is an excellent girl. I have always liked her as a friend, but to
make her my wife is another thing. I don’t think I could love her well
enough for that.”

“Nonsense! She is a girl possessing most excellent qualities of head and
heart. The very qualities that wear longest. If she give you her
affections you have something worth having, to say nothing of the
money.”

But Ellison shook his head in a very positive way.

“Just as you like,” said the friend. “Every one to his fancy. But it
strikes me that you could not do a more sensible thing than make Clara
Deville your wife. You at once have a home, a pleasant companion, and
come into the possession of sufficient property to relieve you of all
care about the common and perplexing concerns of life. Think with what
delight, ardor, and success you could then devote yourself to painting.”

When these things were first said by the friend they did not make much
impression on the mind of the young artist. But a seed was sown, and in
a few days it began to send forth little fibres into the earth, and to
shoot up a tender blade. From that time Ellison thought more and more
about the suggestion of his friend. Whenever he met Clara he observed
her more closely, and her image, when it arose in his mind, associated
itself with the idea of a life-companionship. Particularly did his mind
dwell upon the happy change that would come over his worldly affairs if
Clara, possessing the handsome little property of twenty thousand
dollars, were his wife. It did not take a very long time for the young
man to be able to look at Clara Deville in a different light from that
in which he had previously viewed her. The oftener he met the young
lady, the more did he find in her that was attractive. Even her plain
features underwent a change, and he could see in her face many points of
beauty. In fact, before two months had elapsed, he was, or imagined
himself to be, deeply in love with the maiden.

The desire of possession comes next after the passion of love. It proved
so in this case, and in a much shorter time than the friend who
suggested the alliance had dreamed of such an event taking place, Clara
was not only wooed and won, but wedded.


                              CHAPTER II.

It was one of the happiest days in Ellison’s life when he pressed upon
the lips of the gentle girl whom he had won, the sweet bridal kiss. Over
his future course through life hung a cloudless sky. The doubt and
difficulty that had been on his way for years were removed—success to
the utmost extent of his wishes was before him. Already, in imagination,
he was in Italy, among the glorious creations of the old masters,
drinking in from their sublime works an inspiration that was to him half
immortal in his art.

For a few weeks these bright visions remained. Then his thoughts began
to come down into the present, and to consider the real aspect of things
around him. In regard to Clara’s fortune, all the knowledge he possessed
was that obtained through common report. It was known that her father,
while living, was in the enjoyment of a handsome property, and that this
on his death had been divided equally among his children. As to the
nature or value of his wife’s share, he was entirely ignorant; a certain
feeling of delicacy kept him from seeking or even seeming to seek for
information on the subject prior to marriage. In fact, he tried at times
to persuade himself that the property of Clara had nothing whatever to
do with his affection for her.

The mind of Ellison being proud, sensitive and independent, this
delicacy remained equally strong after marriage. He took his wife to a
good boarding-house, where he had engaged a large, handsomely furnished
room at the rate of twelve dollars a week, and here they commenced their
matrimonial life. From a friend, a short time previous to marriage,
Ellison had borrowed a couple of hundred dollars, and this gave him the
means of meeting all the necessary expenses attendant on the important
event, besides leaving him with seventy or eighty dollars in possession
as a little fund to use until some portion of his wife’s income should
begin to find its way into his hands.

Two or three weeks passed, during which time Ellison went daily to paint
and draw in his studio, though he did not work with his former
earnestness. From some cause he found it impossible to bring his mind
down to a present interest in his profession; that is, to an interest in
what he was then engaged in doing. His mind was continually wandering
away, and his fancy teeming with bright and beautiful images. He saw the
pure blue skies of Italy; he felt the fragrant airs of the sunny clime
breaking over his forehead; he was a worshiper among her galleries of
immortal art; and more than all this, he was panting to be in the land
of art and song, and felt his impatience to be away increasing every
moment. And yet, his gentle, loving young wife, for whom a profound
respect as well as affection had been awakened, said nothing of her
property, nor had he permitted her to look deep enough into his mind to
see his dream of Italy. He had carefully avoided this lest she should
suspect the motive that first drew him to her side; a motive which,
could he have done so, he would gladly have concealed even from himself.

Weeks went by, and still Clara said nothing about her little fortune;
nor did she place money in the hands of her husband. The small sum he
had in possession was daily growing less, and the income from his pencil
was far from being sufficient to meet his expenses. To introduce the
subject was next to impossible. The young man’s mind shrunk from even
the remotest allusion thereto. To dreams of Italy, soon succeeded an
anxious desire to turn what ability he possessed to some profitable
account in the present, in order that he might retain his
independence—something that had always been dear to him. It was barely
possible, it occurred to his mind, that Clara had no property in her own
right. Were this so, he was indeed in an embarrassed position.

Thus matters continued until nearly the last dollar of the young
artist’s money was gone, and he began to be so unhappy that it was next
to impossible to hide from his wife the troubled state of his feelings.
What was he to do? From the thought of revealing to Clara the true
nature of his affairs he shrunk away with exquisite pain. The moment
that was done his independence was gone, and to retain his independence
he was ready to make all other sacrifices. Daily he met her gentle,
love-beaming face, and daily saw more and more of her pure, high-minded
character, and all the while he felt guilty in her presence, and
struggled to hide from her the wild disturbance of his heart.

One day, it was about six weeks after their marriage, Clara said to her
husband, looking slightly grave, yet smiling as she spoke.

She had a letter in her hand.

“I’m afraid I am going to bring you more trouble than profit.”

Instantly, in spite of his effort to control himself, the blood sprung
to the very forehead of the young man.

“I shall cheerfully meet all the trouble, and be content with the
profit,” he replied, as quickly as he could speak, forcing a smile as he
did so, and endeavoring to drive back the tell-tale blood to his heart.

Clara looked at her husband earnestly, and seemed to be perplexed at the
singular effect produced by her words.

“There is a valuable tract of land in Ohio,” said she, “which was left
me by my father, that I am in danger of losing. The title deed, it is
alleged, is defective.”

“Ah! What is the nature of the defect?” Ellison’s voice, schooled under
a brief but strong effort into composure, was calm as he asked this
question.

“It is claimed,” answered Clara, “that a former sale was fraudulent, and
therefore illegal, and that it must now revert to certain individuals
who have been deprived of their rights.”

“Did the property come into your father’s hands by inheritance or
purchase?”

“He bought the property, and therefore, as far as I am concerned, the
title to its possession is an honest one.”

“How large is the tract of land?”

Because Ellison especially desired to avoid showing any particular
interest in knowing the extent of the property, his voice faltered on
this question, and he was conscious that his countenance was slightly
marked with confusion.

“Five hundred acres,” was replied.

“Is it near a town?”

“Yes. It lies not over two miles distant from a flourishing town, and
was considered by my father before his death to be worth seven or eight
thousand dollars. He was repeatedly offered that sum for it, but always
refused, for he considered its value to be yearly increasing. ‘It will
be worth twenty thousand to my children,’ he would say in reply to all
offers.”

This last sentence caused the heart of Ellison to sink almost like lead.
Here, then, was the twenty thousand dollars’ worth of property which his
wife possessed in her own right, and upon the income of which he was to
dream over and study the old masters in Italy! And so Clara was really
worth twenty thousand dollars; but it was in Ohio wild lands, and even
for these there was another claimant! It required a very strong effort
on the part of the young man to conceal what he felt. How quickly into
thin air vanished his hopes! How coldly broke the morning whose dim
light showed the painful and embarrassing reality of his position!

“Has a suit been commenced?” asked Ellison.

“Yes. I have just received word from my agent that the parties claiming
the tract of land have instituted legal proceedings.”

“What does he say in regard to the matter?”

“He says that he has consulted a lawyer, who after looking pretty
carefully into the subject, is clearly of opinion that no suit can be
sustained. But says that a good deal of trouble may be occasioned, and
that the question may be kept open for two or three years.”

Here was some real intelligence bearing upon the question of Clara’s
property, its amount and condition. Certainty was something; but it was
not a certainty in any way calculated to elevate or tranquilize the
feelings of the young artist. Instead of obtaining with his wife a
handsome productive property, in stocks or city real estate, of twenty
thousand dollars, he had become possessor of a law suit, and prospective
owner of five hundred acres of uncultivated land in Ohio. And, by the
time this knowledge was gained, he was so well acquainted with the
character of his wife as to entertain for her a respect that was almost
deferential. There was nothing frivolous or selfish about her—nothing
trifling—nothing vulgar. She was a pure, high-minded, clear-seeing, yet
deeply affectionate woman, and her husband, while he loved her tenderly,
was painfully conscious that, in seeking her, he had been governed by
motives that, if known, she must instinctively despise. Moreover, the
fact that he had deceived her by offering his hand in marriage and
leading her to the altar when his income was not large enough to support
even himself in comfort, must soon appear, and that revelation he
dreaded above all things; for, when it was made, the veil would be torn
from Clara’s eyes, and she would see him as he was.


                              CHAPTER III.

How completely scattered to the winds was Ellison’s long, fond dream of
Italy! How obscured was the beautiful ideal of his art, toward which his
mind had aspired with such an intense devotion! The cold present, with
its imperious demands and uncovered facts was before him, and turn this
way or that, he could not shut out the vision.

As calmly as he could, he conferred with his wife about her property in
the West. Placing in his hands the various papers relating thereto,
Clara asked him to make the business his own, as it now really was, and
do whatever in his judgment seemed best. All this was easily said, but
how was the young man to act without means? His own income, uncertain as
it was in its nature, did not yet exceed three hundred dollars a year,
and his expense for boarding alone would double that sum. Embarrassment,
privation, and deep mortification must soon come, and so oppressed did
Ellison feel in view of this, that he could no longer conceal, even from
the eyes of his wife, his unhappiness, although the cause lay hidden in
his heart.

“Are you not well?” Clara frequently asked, as she looked at him with
earnest tenderness.

“Oh yes! I’m very well,” Ellison would reply quickly, forcing a smile,
and then endeavoring to appear cheerful and unconcerned; but his real
feelings would flow into the tell-tale muscles of his face and betray
the uneasiness of mind from which he was suffering.

“Something troubles you, Alfred,” said Clara, a few days after she had
informed him of the attempt to deprive her of her property in the West.
“What is it? I will not be content to share only your happy feelings.
Life, I know, is not all sunshine. Disappointments must come in the
nature of things. You will have them and so will I. Let us, from the
beginning, divide our griefs and fears as well as our joys and hopes.”

And Alfred did not only look troubled; he felt also deeply depressed and
anxious. Not a single new sitter had come to his rooms since his
marriage; nor had he been able to get any thing to do that would yield
even a small return, although he had offered to paint, at mere nominal
prices, portraits from daguerreotypes—work that he had previously
declined doing in a way to leave the impression that he looked upon the
proposition as little less than a professional insult. On that very day
he had paid out the last of his borrowed two hundred dollars. Where was
the next supply to come from? How was he to obtain the sum he had
expended, when the friend from whom he had received it should ask to
have it returned?

The first impulse of Ellison after this tender appeal from his wife, was
to throw open to her the whole truth in regard to his circumstances. But
an instant’s reflection caused him to shrink back from the exposure.
Pride drew around him a mantle of concealment, while his heart became
faint with the bare imagination of Clara’s discovering that he had, too
evidently, been won more by her supposed wealth than her virtues.

“It’s a little matter, not worth troubling you about,” was his evasive
reply.

“If it trouble you, let it trouble me. To share the pressure will make
it lighter for both. Come, Alfred! Let us have no concealments. Do not
fear my ability to stand by your side under any circumstances. When I
gave you my heart, it was with no selfish feeling. I loved you purely
and tenderly, and was prepared to go with you through the world amid
good or evil report, joy or sorrow, health or sickness, prosperity or
adversity. I promised not only with my lips but in my inmost spirit,
that I would be to you all that a wife could or should be. Meet me then
freely and fully. Let us begin without a concealment, and go through
life as if we possessed but one mind and heart.”

While Clara was speaking thus, Ellison partly shaded his face and tried
to think to some right conclusion. But the more he thought, the more
embarrassed did he feel, and the more entire became the confusion of his
ideas. At length, finding it impossible to avoid uttering at least a
portion of the truth, and perceiving that the truth must soon become
known, he concluded to make at least some allusion to the embarrassment
under which he was laboring. Suffering from a most oppressive sense of
humiliation, he said—

“Clara, there is one thing that troubles me, and as you urge me to speak
of what is in my mind, I don’t see that I can with justice conceal it
any longer. I find myself not only disappointed in my expectations, but
seriously embarrassed in consequence.”

The young man paused, while an expression of pain went over his face,
which was reflected in that of his wife. He saw this, and read it as the
effect a glimpse of the real truth had produced on her mind.

“Go on. Speak plainly, Alfred. Am I not your wife?” said Clara, tenderly
and encouragingly.

“In a word, then, Clara, I have not, since our marriage, obtained a
single new sitter, nor received an order for a picture of any kind.”

“And is that all!” exclaimed the young wife, while a light went over her
face.

“Little as it may seem to you,” said Ellison in reply to this, “it is a
matter of great trouble to me. In my ability as a painter lies my only
claim upon the world. I have no fortune but in my talents and skill, and
if these find not employment, I am poor and helpless indeed.”

The young artist spoke with emotion, and as the last word was uttered,
he hid his face with his hands to conceal its troubled expression. Ah!
the terrible humiliation of that moment! Never through life was it
forgotten, and never through life could memory go back to the time when
a confession of his poverty was made, without a shrinking and shuddering
of the heart. Some moments elapsed before Clara made any answer; and
these were, to Ellison, moments of heart-aching suspense. The truth
having been wrung from him by mental torture, a breathless pause
followed.

“And so you fear,” said Clara, with something like rebuke in her voice,
“that I do not love you well enough to share your fortune, be it what it
may? Alfred, when I gave you my hand it was with no external or worldly
views in my mind. You said you loved me, and my own heart responded
fully to the sentiment. In giving you my hand, I gave you myself
entirely; for you were virtuous and I could _confide_ in as well as love
you. To share with you any condition in life, no matter how many
privations it may involve, will always be my highest pleasure—

        ‘E’en grief, divided with thy heart,
        Were better far than joy apart.’

“And is this all that troubles you?” she added, in a cheerful voice.

“Heaven knows that it is enough, Clara! But what adds to the pain of my
embarrassment, is the fact, that for me to marry you with such slender
prospects was little more than a deception. It was unjust to you.”

“Love is blind, you know, dear!” Clara replied to this, with a lightness
of tone that surprised Ellison; “and one who is loved will find it no
hard matter to excuse a little wandering sometimes from the path of
prudence. Fortunately, in our case, the error you so grieve over will be
of no account, for it happens that I have a few thousand dollars
independent of the property in dispute, which is now as much yours as
mine. I ought to have said this to you before, but deemed it of little
consequence.”

The response of Ellison to this announcement was not so cordial as his
wife had expected. His sense of humiliation was too strong to admit a
free pulsation of his heart after the external pressure was removed.

“For your sake, Clara,” said he, “I rejoice to hear this. But I feel
none the less conscious of having acted wrong.”

“Come, come, Alfred! This is a weakness. Am I not your wife? and do I
not love you tenderly and truly?”

“I do not doubt it, Clara. But it looks so as if I had been governed by
mercenary views in offering you marriage when I ought to have known, and
did know in fact, that I was not able to make your external condition as
comfortable as it should be.”

“Alfred! don’t speak in this way. Do I not know you to be incapable of
such baseness? I could not wrong, by an unjust suspicion, one whom I
love as my own life.”

And Clara drew her arm about her husband’s neck affectionately, and
pressed her lips upon his forehead.

“Forgive this weakness,” said the young man. “It is wrong, I know.”

“Yes, it is wrong, very wrong. So now, let the shadow pass from your
brow, and the light come back again.”

[Illustration]

But the weight was not removed from Ellison’s feelings. And though he
swept the shadow from his brow at the word of Clara, it did not pass
from his heart. It was a great relief for the moment to know that he
possessed the means of support for himself and wife until he could win
his way to professional eminence; but this fact did not heal the wound
his natural independence and sense of honor had received. Even in the
language Clara had used as a means of encouragement, he saw rebuke,
though he knew that it was given unconsciously.

The amount of Clara’s property, independent of her western land, was
about five thousand dollars in good stocks, that were paying an annual
dividend of six per cent. On the interest of this she had been living
for some years. But an addition of three hundred dollars was not
sufficient to meet the deficiency in Ellison’s income. Had the value of
the stock been only two or three thousand dollars, the necessity for
selling it would have been so apparent to Clara’s mind, as to cause her
to suggest its disposal. But Ellison was not wrong in his supposition
that his wife would think the mere additional income arising from the
stocks all that he needed in his present embarrassment. But the sum of
three hundred dollars was not enough for him at present, for he had no
certain income of his own. He might succeed in earning, by means of his
pencil, two, three or four hundred dollars a year for the next four or
five years; but at their present rate of expense this would leave a
serious deficiency. He could not say to his wife that even her three
hundred dollars would not make his income sufficient, for that would be
a too broad declaration of the fact, that, while actually unable to
support himself he had assumed the additional expense of a wife. And a
step so unreasonable could not be explained satisfactorily, except by
bringing in the additional fact that this wife was reputed to be worth
some twenty thousand dollars.

To the mind of the unhappy young man was presented only a choice of
evils. He must lay open fully to his wife the whole truth in regard to
his circumstances, or attempt to struggle on with debt and
discouragement, working and hoping for a brighter day in the future when
he could feel free and independent. He preferred the latter.

It was impossible for a scene such as took place between Ellison and his
wife to transpire without leaving an impression behind. Clara’s
thoughts, after she was alone, naturally recurred to what had passed,
and she became aware of a pressure upon her feelings. She did not
suspect her husband of improper motives in seeking her hand, yet the
fact that he had proposed a marriage while his income was insufficient
to support a wife, was indicative of a weakness in his mind, or a want
of sound judgment and discretion, that it was not pleasant to think
about. This conclusion was based on the supposition that he had made no
calculations in regard to her property—an impression which, in the late
interview, he had evidently designed to make; and she gave him the full
benefit of this conclusion, for, in her eyes, he was incapable of any
thing mean, selfish, or false.

On going to his studio, after the occurrence we have mentioned, Ellison
was far from being happy. It did not take him long to resolve to
struggle on, and thus seek to maintain his independence. That he would
fall into debt and become seriously embarrassed, he knew; but that was
something in every way to be preferred to further and deeper humiliation
on the subject of his wife’s property. The little already suffered on
this score was so exceedingly painful and mortifying, that he had no
wish to encounter any thing more of a like nature. Earnestly he searched
about in his mind for suggestions. Many things presented themselves. As
a teacher of drawing he might do something to increase his income; but
his professional pride came quickly to oppose this idea—moreover, in
advertising or sending around cards, Clara must necessarily become aware
of the fact, and she would doubtless think it strange, after the
increase in his income, that he should be compelled to resort to such a
course. To propose to a number of his friends to paint them at a
temptingly low price, was next pondered over. But they would naturally
ask, “Why this necessity? Had he not married a little fortune?”

While in this state of doubt and anxiety, the friend who had furnished
him with a couple of hundred dollars came in. Ellison, the moment he saw
him, had an instinctive impression that he had come to ask a return of
the money, as the loan had been only a temporary one. And he was not
wrong. After sitting and chatting for some five minutes, during all of
which time the young artist felt his presence exceedingly embarrassing,
he said—

“Well, Alfred. How are you off for money?”

The color rose in the face of Ellison at this question, and he answered
with evident distress and confusion.

“Not very well, I’m sorry to say. I have been thinking of you for the
last hour.”

“I thought you would have been flush enough by this time,” said the
friend.

“So did I. But it is otherwise.”

“Then you have not bettered your condition so much as you anticipated,”
was remarked, with a familiarity and coarseness that stung the young
artist like an insult.

“How do you mean?” asked Ellison, his brow falling as he spoke.

The other looked surprised at the change his words had produced.

“What should I mean, except in a money point of view?”

Ellison was under obligation to the young man for money loaned.
Moreover, at the time of borrowing the money, he had given out the idea
that, after his marriage, he would no longer be troubled with the
disease of empty pockets. All this was remembered at the moment, and,
while it occasioned a feeling of extreme mortification, was in the way
of his resenting the rude familiarity.

“You shall have your money to-morrow,” said the artist, lifting his eyes
from the floor where they had fallen, and looking steadily at his young
friend.

“If it’s any inconvenience,” remarked the latter, who felt the rebuke of
Ellison’s manner, “it’s of no consequence just now. I am not pressed for
money.”

“It will be none at all. I will bring it round to you in the morning.”

“I hope you’re not offended. I didn’t mean to wound your feelings,” said
the friend, looking concerned. He felt that he had been indelicate in
his allusions, and saw that Ellison was hurt.

“Oh no. Not in the least,” replied the latter.

“I hope you won’t put yourself to any inconvenience about the matter.”

“No; it will be perfectly convenient.”

Then followed a silence that was oppressive to both. A forced and
distantly polite conversation followed, after which the visiter went
away. As he closed the door of Ellison’s studio, the young artist
clasped his hands together, while a distressed expression came into his
face.

“Oh! what an error I have committed!” came almost hissing through his
teeth, at the same time that his arms were flung about his head with a
gesture of impatience and despair. “I have sold myself—I have parted
with my manliness—my independence—my right to breathe the air as a
freeman. And what have I gained?”

“A true-hearted, loving woman.” A gentle voice seemed to whisper these
words in his ears as his mind grew calmer.

“I have paid too high a price,” fell almost audibly from his lips. “And
even she, when she knows the whole truth, will despise and turn from me.
What madness!”

For half an hour the young man remained in a state of great excitement.
After that he grew calmer, and sitting down before his easel, took up
his pallet and brushes and tried to work on a picture that he was
painting. But his thoughts were too much disturbed.

“I have promised to return the two hundred dollars to-morrow morning,
and I must keep my word to _him_ if I steal the amount! When that
obligation is removed we are no longer friends.”

As Ellison said this he threw down his pallet and brushes, and springing
from his chair, resumed his hurried walk about the door of his room.

While thus occupied, a gentleman, accompanied by a lady, entered and
asked to see some of his pictures.

“What is your price for a portrait of this size?” was asked after a
number of paintings had been examined.

For a moment Ellison hesitated, and then replied—

“Fifty dollars.”

The gentleman and lady talked together, in a low tone, for a little
while. Then the former said—

“We have two children, and think about having them taken. Including our
own portraits we would want four. If we give you the order, what would
you charge for the whole?”

“How old are the children?”

“Young. The eldest is but five.”

“You would want the children full length, I presume.”

“Why, yes. We would prefer that, if it didn’t cost too much. What is
your price for a full length of a child?”

“Seventy-five dollars.”

“That would make the four pictures cost two hundred and fifty dollars.”

The lady shook her head.

“Could you not take the four for two hundred dollars?”

“Perhaps so. Four pictures would be a liberal order, and I might feel
inclined to make a discount if it would be any object. My prices,
however, are moderate.”

“Money is always an object, you know.”

“Very true.”

“You say two hundred dollars, then.”

“Oh yes. I will take the four portraits for that sum.”

“Very well. To-morrow we will decide about having them taken. How many
sittings will you require?”

“About half-a-dozen for each picture.”

The lady and gentleman retired, saying that they would call in the
morning.

Here was a promise of good fortune for which the heart of Ellison was
profoundly thankful. But while he looked at it, he trembled for the
uncertainty that still hung over him. The lady and gentleman might never
return. Still, his heart was lighter and more hopeful.

Soon after these visiters had retired, the young man went out and called
upon a gentleman with whom he had some acquaintance. His object was to
borrow a sum of money sufficiently large to enable him to cancel the
obligation. This person did not, so he thought, receive him very
cordially. The coldness of his manner would scarcely have been apparent,
however, but for the fact that Ellison had a favor to ask. It seemed to
him as if he had a perception of what was in his mind, and denied his
request as intelligibly as possible, even before it was made. So strong
was this impression, that the young artist acted upon it, and was about
retiring without having made known his wishes, when the man said—

“Can I do any thing for you to-day, Alfred?”

So plain an invitation to make known his wishes could hardly be
disregarded. The young man hesitated a little, and then replied as if
half jesting—

“Yes—give me an order for two hundred dollars worth of pictures, and
pay me in advance for them.”

“Are you in earnest?” inquired the man, looking curious.

“Certainly. Painting is my profession.”

“I know. But do you really want a couple of hundred dollars?”

“Yes; I really want that sum. A young artist, you know, is never
overstocked with cash.”

“I will lend you the amount with pleasure, Alfred. But I am in no want
of pictures. For how long a time do you wish to have it?”

“For a couple of months, if you wont give me an order.”

The man drew a check and gave it to Ellison.

“You can return it at your convenience,” said he, “and in the meantime,
if I can throw any thing in your way, I will do it with pleasure.”

Ellison received the check with a feeling of relief. He now had it in
his power to wipe out the obligation he was under to a man who had
approached him with what he felt to be little less than an insult. But,
as he went back to his studio, the pressure on his feelings was not
removed. There had only been a shifting of the obligation; a painful
sense of its existence yet remained. Moreover, as an artist, he had done
violence to his professional self-respect by asking an order for
painting—and this added to his disquietude of mind.

                                                  [_To be continued._

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                 LINES.


    I’ve loved thee, as the breeze to kiss the sweetest flowers;
    I’ve loved thee as the thirsty earth eve’s refreshing showers;
    I’ve loved thee, as the bird to sing its softly thrilling lay;
    I’ve loved thee, as the heated rock the ocean’s dashing spray;
    I’ve loved thee, as the fevered cheek to feel the cooling air;
    I’ve loved thee, as a mother loves her child of tender care;
    I’ve loved thee, as the murky morn to hail the sunny beam;
    I’ve loved thee, as the moonlit loves to dance upon the stream—
    As all these, did I love thee, and with yet a wilder spell;
    ’Till thy coldness caused my spirit to sound love’s parting knell;
    And though in fearful stillness my life glides gently on,
    There is one note of harmony I feel forever gone.
    Other hands might sweep the strings, and even thine may try,
    But never shall an echoing sound to the sweet tune reply.
    ANNIE GREY.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                ARIADNE.


                           BY HENRY B. HIRST.


    O, thrice as swiftly as yon argent gull
      On snowy pinions cleaves the azure sky,
    Thy galley cuts the purple wave, and flies my eager, straining eye.

    O, Thésëus, beloved and beautiful,
      My lovely warrior, white-limbed, like a god,
    Why hast thou left me on this desert isle, save by ourselves, untrod?

    Immortal Jove, divine Progenitor,
      Exert thy power; reverse his sails:—O, King
    Of Gods and Men, why does the cup of love conceal the scorpion’s
      sting?

    Like ghastly ghosts, with veiled and weeping orbs,
      My hopes depart; cadaverous Despair
    Sits glaring at me with his wolfy eyes: bid the foul thing forbear!

    On yester-eve, at this forgotten isle—
      Forgotten almost of gods—our storm-beat bark
    Let fall its ponderous flakes; night, like a falcon, swooped, and all
      was dark.

    Here, where this lonely palm expands its leaves,
      Our couch was spread; yes, here, on Theseus’ breast
    I laid my head, and, like a love-sick dove, sunk meaningly to rest.

    My sleep was restless: from the Realm of Dreams
      Came changing shadows: I beheld my home—
    Our hills, like wrinkle-faced, white-headed men—our cataract’s snowy
      foam.

    I saw myself a merry, mad-cap girl,
      Dancing along our glades, with laughing eyes;
    Light-footed as our deer—free as the birds that filled our happy
      skies.

    And then a woman, still most happy, though
      A shadow rested on my sunny brow,
    Such as a wintry cloud, when all is light, throws faintly over snow.

    My step, too, had less lightness, and my breast
      Throbbed quickly, while my heart beat, and my brain
    Ran round and round, delirious with delight, so deep, it seemed like
      pain.

    I left the song, the dance, my maiden mates—
      An endless yearning filled my craving soul,
    Which sadly walked apart from them toward some unknown and glorious
      goal.

    One day, when thus depressed, I stood, in thought,
      Beside a babbling brook, whose tinkling fall
    Among the mossy rocks, from stone to stone, made silence musical.

    Contemplating the beauty of the scene,
      Imagining me the Naiad of the stream,
    I grew the spirit of the place, and stood the deity of a sylvan dream.

    Just then, a being, much more god than man,
      Fell at my feet: I had no power to fly,
    No wish, no thought; the serpent’s fabulous spell spoke in his
      eloquent eye.

    He prayed; I listened, for his words were song,
      Drowning my heart; like surf along a strand
    Their melody rose and rolled, wave following wave, covering the
      helpless land.

    Even then he vanished; but his image filled
      The void that, hitherto, my spirit felt;
    I stood erect—a loving woman, Jove—there, where, before, I knelt.

    And all things passed; a dull and opiate blank
      Fell, like Nepenthé, blackly on my brain:
    I was a living corpse, insensible to pleasure, dead to pain.

    I dreamed again: a glorious city rose,
      Like Aphrodite, on a summer strand;
    Palaces, pyramids and temples stretched away on either hand.

    Its harbor, guarded by two massy towers,
      Was filled with ships, whose plethoric pinions bore
    The treasures of an hundred sister lands to her heroic shore.

    Even while I gazed, slowly along the quay,
      Moving in melancholy march, to strains
    Of heavy harmony, whose solemn sounds made pity in my veins,

    A long procession, like a funeral,
      Approached the shore. There, moored, a galley lay,
    Black as the wings of night, like an eclipse blighting the light of
      day.

    The crowd closed round: some stood, with lifted hands,
      Adjuring heaven; some turned aside to hide
    Their streaming tears, while others dumbly gazed on the receding tide.

    With downcast eyes, seven youths, seven maidens passed
      On board the galley, when my Cretan eyes
    Saw Niobe-like Athens mourn her sons, passing to sacrifice.

    The raven bark unfurled its ebon wings
      And like a bird, flew lightly from the strand;
    While, far behind, in distance growing dim, declined the cloud-like
      land.

    Away, away, across the billowy sea,
      The galley flew: night came and went again,
    When, with the rising sun, Crete’s porphyry walls rose from the
      crimson main.

    —I sat beside my sire: around us stood
      The wise, the brave, the lovely of our land,
    When, led by Thésëus, Athens’ offspring came, a self-devoted band.

    I sat entranced: the lover of my dreams.
      He, to whom nightly I had poured my sighs,
    The ideal of my soul, stood visibly before my waking eyes.

    Calmly the Self-Devoted stood and smiled,—
      Thésëus, king-born, with his radiant face
    Flushed with the glory of a fame which pierced the ultimate star of
      space.

    My heart waxed sick, for I was woman, Jove:
      I saw the grim and ghastly Minotaur
    Move through the Cretan labyrinth—his deadly, ponderous jaws ajar.

    I saw my brother fall by felon hands;
      I saw my father’s galleys sweep the seas,
    And humbled Athens, cowering like a slave, ask mercy from her knees.

    Minos pronounced his doom: the morrow morn
      Beheld the sacrifice. I would have wept,
    But could not: in their heated cells the sought for tears in silence
      slept.

    I pitied him; I could not see him die;
      I loved—was woman; though my brother’s blood
    Cried out for vengeance, still I pitied him: pity was passion’s food.

    My soul sat in his shadow: like a babe
      Beneath an oak it sat, and smiled, and crowed,
    And lifted up and clapped its happy hands, and wildly laughed aloud.

    That night I sought his cell: O, happy night,
      O, night of light and life: the magic clew
    That Dædälos wrought was in his hands; I drank his red lip’s nectarous
      dew,

    For he, too, loved! O, Jove, my long-caged heart
      In that mad moment felt its shackles riven,
    And soared and soared and soared, till, like a star, it coursed the
      heights of heaven.

    Next day I prayed—O, how I prayed: the gods
      Were merciful: that night—O, night of nights,
    For in its hours the Past became entombed—O, realm of dead delights,

    We fled from Crete, and, steering out to sea,
      I dreaming always on his manly breast,
    At last made land—a desolate wave-worn strand, the sea-gull’s sandy
      nest.

    I seemed to wake, and found the traitor gone:
      I stood in anguish, desolate and lone,
    Wasting my wailings on the flinty rocks whose hearts (like his) were
      stone.

    But still I dreamed, and once more Athens rose
      Before my eyes. Upon a beetling rock
    That overhung the sea—a cliff, whose crags throbbed in the ocean’s
      shock—

    Ægéus stood and gazed athwart the wave.
      Then I remembered me how Thésëus swore
    (Such was his tale to me,) that, ere he sailed from Athens’ sorrowing
      shore,

    Hopefully trusting in the awful gods,
      If he returned, his canvas, changed to white,
    Should mark his triumph, but did raven sails meet Athens’ weeping
      sight,

    Then he had fallen. How the old man gazed,
      With moistened eyes, toward the horizon’s verge,
    While, far beneath, the chanting surf sent up its melancholy dirge.

    I also gazed—when, where the sea and sky
      Blended in mist, a speck—a spot—a nail—
    Came with the wind: Ægéus stood erect, convulsed and deathly pale.

    Closer and closer, where the shadow lay
      Across the distance, like a misty cloud,
    The galley came: the mute, expecting king tottered and sobbed aloud.

    Stretching his thin hands toward the shadowy bark,
      So distant still it seemed to float in air,
    The aged monarch, with his marble eyes, personified despair.

    It passed the gloom, and glided into light,
      When, like a raven drifting down the skies,
    The black, unaltered galley, ebon-sailed, met my astonished eyes!

    A piercing shriek appalled my ears: I turned
      And saw the aged king spring toward the steep—
    And leap—and fall: no human sound arose from the tumultuous deep.

    Anon came other dreams—Arcadian vales,
      With Pan, oblivious Satyrs, and a throng
    Of Fauns and Nymphs who made the burthened air reel with its weight of
      song.

    Bacchus rode next: how like a god he looked,
      The vine-leaves adding whiteness to a brow
    Already snow; his large eyes small with mirth; his dimpled cheeks
      aglow.

    Silenus, with two Nymphs on either hand
      Supporting him, uncertainly pursued—
    To amorous passion for the purple grape yielding, though not subdued.

    And after came a laughing, dancing rout,
      Making the air insane with bacchanal cries;
    Some bearing grapes which others stole and ate, with ruddy, twinkling
      eyes.

    The eye of Bacchus drew me toward his car,
      And stooping, he embraced, then lifted me
    Beside him, with a kiss: the route rolled on capricious as the sea.

    I was his bride: his love, always a god’s,
      Saw not my state, nor asked from whence I came;
    With him the passion was a living thing and not a naked name.

    I was again a wife: my days were spent
      In waking dreams of uncontrolled delight;
    The light expired in feast and song and dance, unheeded in its flight.

    And Night, with Venus sparkling on her brow,
      Sat on the mountain top; the nightingale
    Breathed an undying hymn to deathless love from every silent vale.

    Anon the feast was spread: from leafy nooks
      The blushing Dryad came; the amorous Faun
    Stole from the laureled hill, returning not until the crimson dawn.

    O, I was happy, very happy, Jove,
      When, like thy lightning, day broke on mine eyes!
    Beneath me was the sand; before, the sea; above, the threatening
      skies!

    There, like a vulture frightened from his prey,
      Flew Thésëus, while, Cassandra-like, I stood
    With streaming hair and flashing eyes, and hurled prophetic curses on
      the flood.

    Are dreams the messengers of gods to men
      Foretelling facts? If so, then I await,
    Not trembling, but proudly, the decrees of an unerring fate.

    Let him depart: I scorn the traitor, Jove—
      The parracide: still blacker grow his sails;
    Favor his bark, Poseidon; Eölus, bestow him flavoring gales:

    So swifter comes my vengeance. For the tears
      He made me shed, make him rain tears of fire,
    As from this desolate isle I point him to the cold corpse of his sire.

    And if the links of love’s decaying chain
      Remain united in his hollow heart,
    That chain be as a serpent, dragging flame to its secrétest part;

    So, when he sees me lie on Bacchus’ breast,
      Lip glued to lip, eye flashing into eye,
    He may lift up his hands and curse the Gods, and cursing, waste and
      die.


                                 NOTE.

Ariadne was the daughter of Minos, king of Crete, one of the sons of
Jupiter by Europa. Her desertion by Thésëus, whose life she had saved,
and with whom she had flown from Crete, has long been a thesis of more
than ordinary poetical importance. Thésëus, the son of Ægéus, king of
Athens, by Æthra, daughter of Pittheus, monarch of Trœzen, on the
discovery of his parentage, visited Athens, and made himself known to
his father, who acknowledged him. Sometime before, Androgeos, a brother
of Ariadne, set sail for Athens for the purpose of participating in the
Athenian games. He was the victor in every conflict. Ægéus, becoming
jealous of his popularity, caused him to be assassinated. Minos at once
declared war against Athens, conquered the Athenians, and imposed upon
them the annual penalty of sending fourteen of their most beautiful male
and female children as an offering to the Minotaur, a ghastly monster
who inhabited the celebrated Cretan labyrinth, the latest invention of
Dædalos, the Athenian sculptor. Thésëus, on the day of the embarcation
of the victims, offered himself as one of the number, with the hope of
destroying the Minotaur, and thus preserving Athens from any further
payment of the terrible tribute. The ship departed, as usual, under
black sails, which Thésëus promised to exchange for white, in case he
should return victorious. On his arrival in Crete he saw Ariadne, who
became enamored of him. She gave him the clew which made him master of
the mazes of the subterranean labyrinth. After a desperate conflict he
succeeded in destroying the monster, and the same night, fled to Athens,
bearing Ariadne with him. On his arrival _en route_ at the island of
Naxos, compelled by the gods, he deserted his mistress and returned
home. By some accident he neglected to exchange his sails, and his
father, Ægéus, filled with grief at the supposed death of his son,
precipitated himself from a lofty rock, on which he had taken a position
to watch the return of the galley, into the sea, and was drowned.
Ariadne afterward became the wife of Bacchus.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                            THE MOTHERLESS.


                     BY MISS LOUISA OLIVIA HUNTER.


                  “Henceforth thou wilt be all alone—
                    What shalt thou do, poor weeper?
                  Oh human love! oh human wo!
                    Is there a pang yet deeper?”
                                         MARY HOWITT.

    Her eyes are closed—she sleeps at last!
      We catch with joy that quiet breathing,
    Her first dark day of wo hath passed,
      A happier dream her soul is wreathing.

    Hush! hush! around her curtained bed,
      Perchance with love there glides another!
    We cannot hear that spirit-tread—
      Yet in her sleep she murmurs, “Mother!”

    But four bright summers o’er her head
      Have softly, sweetly breathed their blessing,
    And yet she mourneth for the dead
      With anguish to our souls distressing.

    All day by every wile we’ve sought
      From sorrow’s stern control to lure her,
    Her mind to win from painful thought,
      Scarce meet for mind and heart maturer.

    With feeling far beyond her years,
      We tried in vain her grief to smother,
    For still burst forth those burning tears,
      With this sad wailing—“Mother! mother!”

    And last, as ’neath affliction’s blight,
      She coldly turned from game and story,
    We told her of the spirit’s flight
      To realms of endless light and glory.

    That vision of a clime so rare,
      Brought out this thought anew to grieve her,
    E’en for a home so wondrous fair,
      Could one who _loved her well_ thus leave her?

    We strove in vain to lull her fears;
      We sought in vain such doubts to smother,
    More wildly came those bitter tears,
      And this sad wailing—“Mother! mother!”

    It ceased at length—those weary eyes
      We marked with languor faintly closing,
    And now on yonder couch she lies,
      In slumber deep and sweet reposing.

    Hush! hush! around her curtained bed,
      Perchance with love there glides another!
    We cannot hear that spirit-tread—
      But in her sleep she murmurs, “Mother!”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                              ALICE LISLE.


                     A SKETCH FROM ENGLISH HISTORY.


                      BY MRS. CAROLINE H. BUTLER.


There is perhaps no data in the annals of English History marked with a
more bloody significance of the fearful extent to which the evil
passions of mankind will reach, when not held in check by religious or
civil discipline, than that characterized as the “Bloody Assizes,” in
the reign of James the Second—1685—which, even from out the lapse of
two centuries, still stands forth in loathsome and horrible
distinctness. When the savage and bloody-minded Jeffreys, empowered by a
vindictive and arbitrary monarch, stalked like a demon through the land,
tracing his passage with blood and tears, while the music of his
infernal march, was the groans and death-shrieks of his victims. And as
he strode onward—behind him he left horrible, eye-blasting,
soul-harrowing proofs of his cruelty—corpses swinging in the wind at
the corners of the cross-roads—gibbets stuck up in every
market-place—and blackening heads and limbs impaled, even before the
windows of the holy house of God!

Such was the more than brutal ferocity with which this fiend in human
shape, George Jeffreys, Chief Justice of the Court of King’s Bench,
prosecuted his commission.

Through all those districts where the inhabitants had either taken up
arms in the Monmouth Rebellion against the king, or who had been known
five years before to have received the unfortunate duke with favor and
homage, when assuming the rank of a rightful prince he passed with
almost regal triumph through the land, did Jeffreys and his well-picked
myrmidons pursue their murderous track, sparing neither sex nor age—the
death-blow descending alike upon the silver head of tottering age, or
lisping, helpless infancy “And,” says Macaulay, “his spirits rose higher
and higher as the work went on. He laughed, shouted, joked, and swore in
such a way that many thought him drunk from morning to night, but in him
it was not easy to distinguish the madness produced by evil passions,
from the madness produced by brandy.”

In such a frame of mind he entered Southampton and proceeded toward
Winchester, which, although not the scene of any warlike encounter with
rebel and royalist, had nevertheless been resorted to by many of the
former as a place of safety, among whom was their unhappy leader, the
infatuated Monmouth himself. It was here, near the borders of the New
Forest that the unfortunate man was taken prisoner. Worn out by
fatigue—crushed by disappointment—his high hopes blasted by defeat,
the ill-fated son of Charles was discovered concealed in a ditch, where
all through a long, long day, and a weary night, without food or drink,
the unhappy fugitive had vainly hoped to evade the search of his
pursuers.

Hither, then, came Jeffreys, tainting the air as with a pestilence, and
causing great terror and dismay, particularly among the peasantry, no
one knowing who next might prove the victim of the tyrant’s insatiate
thirst for blood.

He was now, however, in hot pursuit of two men—one a Nonconformist
divine, named Hicks; the other a lawyer, Richard Nelthorp, an outlaw,
who had made himself obnoxious by being concerned in the Rye House plot.
These men, it is needless to say, Jeffreys was resolved to pursue to the
death.

In a fine old mansion, encompassed by a closely wooded park of a
century’s growth, dwelt the Lady Alice Lisle. She was the widow of John
Lisle, who had held a commission under Cromwell, and had also sat in the
Long Parliament. He had been created a Lord by Cromwell, and the title
of Lady was still courteously assigned to his widow, for she was one
greatly beloved by all persons and parties, both Whig and Tory, for her
many excellent qualities, and was also nearly allied to many noble
families.

It was near the close of a beautiful autumnal day, that the Lady Alice,
clad in deep mourning weeds, might be seen passing slowly beneath the
dark foliage of those venerable trees, stretching in such primeval
grandeur far on either side her domain. The chastened radiance of the
setting sun here and there burnished the almost motionless leaves with
gold, or stealing athwart the mossy trunks, and over the deep green
sward, mildly illumined the forest aisles, seeming thereby as paths
angels might love to tread. The only companion of the lady was a
child—a beautiful boy of perhaps six years old—an orphan, whom the
kind Lady Alice had taken under her protection, and who now, far from
partaking in the seriousness of his benefactress, skipped and gamboled
before her in wild and happy recklessness—now springing like a fawn
into the path before her from behind some leafy screen, where for a
moment he had lain concealed, or striving to attract attention by his
childish prattle as he bounded playfully at her side.

As heedless to the deepening twilight as she seemed to all else around
her, the Lady Alice had proceeded further into the depths of the wood
than was her usual custom, when she was suddenly aroused to the lateness
of the hour by a scream from little Edwin, who, burying his face in the
folds of her mantle, cried,

“O run, dear lady, run—bad men—ah, they will kill us!”

“What are you talking of, Edwin?” she answered, taking his hand—“who
will kill us? We shall soon be at the Hall; fie, boy, are you afraid
because the sun has set, and the old woods grown dark! Ah, is this my
little hero!”

“But, lady, I see men—bad, wicked men; there, lady, there,” pointing,
as he spoke, to a clump of low oaks.

“Foolish boy, it is only an owl!” said the lady, now turning to retrace
her steps.

At that moment two men sprung from out the thicket and stood in her
path. Well might that lady tremble, alone and unprotected in the deep,
dark wood, yet in tones well belieing her fears, she unfalteringly bade
them stand aside, and give passage to herself and the pale, timid child
she led by the hand.

“We mean not to harm or frighten you, madam,” said one of the men,
lifting his goatskin cap, and stepping aside, “we seek at your hands
shelter and food. For three days we have lain concealed within these
woods, not daring to venture forth even to satisfy the cravings of
hunger. We are neither thieves nor murderers—slight offences may be in
these signal times of despotism and injustice—but men hunted down like
wild beasts in the cause of civil and religious freedom. It is for our
lives we implore your aid.”

“Yea, for our lives—that we may be spared to trample the sons of Belial
under our feet, and smite, and slay and destroy the arch tools of
oppression!” interrupted the other, with violent gesticulations; “and
thou, woman, art the chosen vessel of the Lord to shield his servants
from the man of blood against that dreadful day of retribution!”

“I ask not to know why you are thus thrown within peril of your lives,”
answered the Lady Alice, “it is enough for me that you are fellow beings
in distress, and as such must claim my sympathy, and the shelter of my
roof. God forbid the doors of Alice Lisle should be closed against
misfortune. Follow me, then, friends, and such food as my house affords,
and such security as its walls can give, may the Lord bless unto you.”

Confident in the attachment and fidelity of her domestics, the Lady
Alice, in a few words, made known to them that the lives of these
unfortunate men were in jeopardy, and that they sought from her kindness
safety and concealment, and sharing in the benevolence of their
mistress, each one of that well-tried household regarded the fugitives
with generous sympathy.

An excellent supper, such as their famishing natures required, and a
bottle of old wine, was soon placed before the weary men. They were then
conducted by the Lady Alice herself to a room on the ground floor.

“Observe,” she said, “this oaken panel—press your finger thus; a door
opens, leading into a secret passage, connected with the vaults of the
old chapel, where, in case of emergency, you will be perfectly secure
from search. Sleep, then, my friends, in peace, one of my most faithful
servants will this night keep watch, and upon the least alarm, you will
be notified in time to avail yourselves of the way of escape I have
pointed out.”

As she bade them good-night, one of the men, seizing the hem of her
mantle, carried it to his lips with a grace not unfitting the presence
of a queen, while in the canting oratory of the day, his companion
devoutly prayed the Most High to bless the woman, through whose
assistance vengeance was yet to be heaped on the head of the scorner,
and those who now sat in high places to be brought low.

And thus fortified and encouraged by the assurances of their noble
benefactress, the fugitives took heart, and throwing themselves upon the
bed, were soon soundly sleeping.

Not so the Lady Alice. True, these men had not revealed their names,
neither had she sought to discover who they were, or for what crime they
were driven to their present strait—yet that they fled the wrath of the
cruel-minded Jeffreys she felt persuaded, and fearful that with his
myrmidons he might be close on the track of these unhappy men, she, too,
sat watching all the night, or pacing with light footfall the long
galleries, ever and anon stepping out upon the balcony and listening to
every sound, her fears magnifying the whispers of the wind stealing
through the branches of the old trees, into the suppressed murmurs of an
armed force. All, however, remained quiet. Just as the day began to
dawn, she threw herself upon her couch—not meaning to sleep. But,
overcome with the fatigue of her lonely night-watch, and lulled perhaps
by the security which almost always comes to the watcher with the dawn
of day, she soon unconsciously sunk into a deep sleep, from which, alas!
she was but too rudely aroused; for even in that brief half hour when
tired nature claimed its own, the wily Jeffreys had surrounded the house
with his no less brutal soldiers.

“Come, come, madam, bestir yourself—you are wanted,” cried the leader,
seizing the Lady Alice by the shoulder, and rudely shaking her;
“methinks you sleep well this morning—long watching makes sound
slumbers, _eh_! Come, up with you, woman, and tell us in what corner of
this rebel’s nest you have stowed away the Presbyterian knave and his
worthy friend?”

In a moment the lady was fully awake, and comprehended at once her
perilous situation. But her self-possession did not forsake her, and
breathing an inward prayer for the safety of the two unhappy men so
closely pursued, she said, as she drew herself proudly up,

“What means this unmannerly intrusion? Off, sir! unhand me, or your
audacity shall be punished as it deserves!”

“Ho-ho, my brave wench, words are cheap! you will find proofs not so
easy! Know, mistress, yourself and your servants are my prisoners,”
replied Jeffreys.

“_Your_ prisoners!” cried the lady, with cutting contempt; “and who are
_you_, and by whose authority do you dare to lay hands on me or any
beneath my roof!”

“Who am I? That you shall soon know to your cost,” said Jeffreys, with a
horrible oath. “George Jeffreys has a peculiar way of making himself
known, my mistress. Now deliver up these two arch rebels—the canting,
whining priest, and the traitor Nelthorpe, into our hands, and mayhap
I’ll not press my further acquaintance upon your ladyship, except to
taste the quality of your wine, for I’ll warrant you, my men, (turning
to his followers) these old cellars are not dry.”

“I know no such persons as those you seek,” replied the Lady Alice,
firmly; “and what reason have you to suppose they are within my house?”

“We know it, and that is enough,” replied Jeffreys. “They are known to
have lain hid within your neighborhood; and we know they have been
secreted by _you_; and now, by G—d, madam, unless you lead us to their
kennel, your body shall writhe in flames, or be hacked in pieces by my
soldiers!”

“Infamous, cowardly wretch,” replied Alice Lisle, undaunted, “think you
your threats would induce me to betray, more especially into your
blood-thirsty hands, any unhappy individual who had sought my
protection! Know Alice Lisle better.”

“Ho-ho, are we so brave! here, my men, take this boasting mistress, and
give her a dance upon hot coals!” cried the ferocious Jeffreys.

At that instant little Edwin, still in his night-dress, opened the door
of his little bed-room, and ran terrified toward the Lady Alice; but he
was not permitted to reach her; a soldier rudely seized the poor boy by
the shoulder, and notwithstanding his shrieks, held him with such a grip
as left the print of his fingers upon the tender flesh.

“Ruffian, unhand the child!” exclaimed the lady, attempting to rise, but
held back by the iron hand of Jeffreys.

“_Ha!_ a pretty hostage, truly!” he said. “Here, Ratcliffe, draw your
dagger across his pretty white throat, unless this stubborn woman yields
up our prey—do you hear that?” turning to the Lady Alice.

“O save me—save me! don’t let them kill me!” screeched the poor little
fellow, striving to break away; then turning his beautiful eyes upon the
hard, stern features of the man who held him, he clung piteously around
his knees, repeating his cry for mercy, his face uplifted, and his soft,
golden curls falling over his white shoulders, from which the loose
night-dress had slipped away.

Tears, which neither her own danger, or the insults heaped upon her
could draw forth, now streamed down the pallid cheek of the Lady Alice.

“Are you men?” she cried, turning to the rude soldiers, “are you men,
and can you stand by and see that innocent, helpless lamb inhumanly
murdered before your eyes!”

“Ah!” cried Jeffreys, with a hideous leer, “we are used to butchering
lambs, madam; bless you, we do it so easy the poor things don’t have
time to bleat! Strike, Ratcliffe!”

A scream—a wild scream of agony burst from the heart of Alice Lisle;
then dashing off the arm of Jeffreys, in the strength of her despair, as
but a feather’s weight, she sprung to the boy, and threw her arms around
him.

There was heard at the moment a loud shout from the court-yard, coupled
with oaths and imprecations, and one of the troop burst in, waving his
cap.

“Hurra, your honor! they’re caught, your worship; we’ve got the
rascals—hurra! hurra!”

“Now God help them!” murmured Alice.

“Your life shall answer for this, vile traitress!” muttered Jeffreys, in
a voice hoarse with rage, and shaking his fist at the unshrinking
heroine. “But where found you the knaves?” he added, turning to the
bearer of such fiendish joy.

“Ha, ha, your worship—but I can’t help laughing; we found his
reverence, chin-deep, in a malt-tub—ha, ha, ha! and the other rogue we
hauled from the kitchen chimney, as black as his master, the Devil!”

“And to his master he shall soon be sent with a crack in his windpipe,”
said Jeffreys.

“Wounds, your honor, you loves a joke!” said one, who might be called
the Trois Eschelles of the company, edging up to Jeffreys with a horrid
grin; “shall we string the rascals up below there—yonder is a good
strong beam; or shall we leave their heads in the market-place, as a
kind of warning to all traitors!”

“Peace, knave!” replied Jeffreys, with a frown which made the villain
turn pale; “attend to your duty, and see that the prisoners are well
secured; these fellows are slippery rascals—and now, madam,” (turning
to Alice Lisle,) “up with you, and prepare to follow either to the
scaffold or the stake, as suits my pleasure.” Then, with a brutal blow
with the back of his sword, he rudely pushed his victim on before him.

Her weeping and terrified domestics would have approached their beloved
mistress, but were thrust back by the drawn swords of the soldiers, and
when the unfortunate lady crossed her threshold, it was over the dead
body of her aged butler, brutally struck down before her.

“Farewell, my friends,” said the Lady Alice, turning to her faithful
attendants, “I look for no mercy at the hands of these cruel men, whose
pastime is death; yet though they may torture the body, unto the mercy
of my Redeemer do I humbly commit my soul. May God forgive these my
enemies, for in their blind rage they know not what they do; pray for
them, my friends.”

“Come, none of your cant here, if you please, madam; if we want any
praying done, we’ll call on yonder long-nosed, whining saint,” cried
Jeffreys pointing to Hickes, who, with Nelthorpe at his side, and both
closely bound together with ropes, and guarded on either side, was now
brought forward.

Lest by appearing to recognize the Lady Alice they might increase her
danger, the prisoners took no notice whatever of her who for their sakes
was now in such peril, and met her glance as they would that of a
stranger. Nelthorpe, indeed, essayed once to speak, for the purpose of
acquitting the Lady Alice of all knowledge of himself and companion, but
his speech was cut short by vile taunts and curses.

These wretched men had slept soundly through the night, and with the
stupor of heavy fatigue still hanging about them, heard too late the
tramp of their pursuers, and forgetting in their sudden alarm the secret
panel, sprung through a window, and endeavored to conceal themselves in
some of the outbuildings; but vainly—they were soon dragged forth, and
knew that from the jaws of the blood-hound Jeffreys, _death_ was to be
their only release.

And now, without any delay, the prisoners were brought to trial, the
Lady Alice being first placed at the bar, charged with treason, in
concealing or harboring persons disaffected to the king, and known to
have been concerned in the late insurrection.

Many of the jurors were of the most respectable men of Hampshire, and
all shrunk from convicting an amiable and exemplary female, for a crime
(if crime it could be called) which certainly arose from the purest and
noblest emotions of the heart. But Jeffreys was not to be so robbed of
his prey.

Witnesses, forestalled by his vindictive spirit, appeared against her,
and those who would have testified in her favor, were so put down by the
bold-faced cunning of these hirelings, as to do more injury than good to
the cause which they came to sustain.

The Lady Alice was then called upon for her defence. In a modest and
dignified manner she addressed the Court. She began by saying that she
knew not the men who had sought her protection, nor had she asked for
what offence they were thus hunted down; it was enough that famished and
weary they required her assistance, and that assistance she had freely
rendered them; “Yet for this, gentlemen,” she continued, “I am arraigned
for treason. Has charity, then, become a crime? Is it a capital offence
to relieve the wants of our suffering fellow beings; and must the cold
voice of prudence overcome the Divine precepts of Jesus? Now God
forbid!”

She was here interrupted by an insolent remark from the judge; and if
allowed again to speak, it was only to draw upon herself his coarse,
unfeeling ribaldry.

The jury retired, their sympathies more than ever excited for the
unhappy lady.

Their consultation was too long for the patience of the judge. He grew
furious at their delay—stamping and swearing like a madman. “He sent a
messenger to tell them that if they did not instantly return, he would
adjourn the Court, and lock them up all night. Thus put to the torture,
they came, but came only to say they doubted whether the charge had been
made out. Jeffreys expostulated with them vehemently, and after another
consultation, they gave a reluctant verdict of ‘Guilty!’”[1]

This was received by demoniac joy by Jeffreys, who immediately proceeded
to pass sentence, which was, that the most unfortunate Alice Lisle
should that very afternoon be _burned alive_!

This dreadful sentence caused universal horror, and moved the pity even
of the most devoted supporters of the king. The judge was overwhelmed
with petitions and prayers for mercy; but the only mercy he granted was
a few days’ delay ere the dreadful sentence should be accomplished.

During that time the royal clemency was eagerly solicited, and many
persons of the highest rank interceded with James for the release of
Alice Lisle. Ladies of the Court entreated his mercy. Feversham, flushed
with recent victory, pleaded for her; and even Clarendon, the
brother-in-law of the king, spoke in her behalf.

It was all in vain.

Scarcely less cruel than his cruel judge, James was inexorable, and only
so far showed his clemency as to commute the sentence from _burning to
beheading_!

But peace—peace, such as the world can neither give or take away, went
with Alice Lisle into that dark, cold prison, to which her enemies
consigned her. Those damp walls, in whose crevices the slimy lizard made
its bed; though they shut her out from the world—from friends—from
freedom—they could not imprison her soul, nor crush the spirit of the
martyred Alice, as it ascended in prayers to the Heavenly Throne. Divine
love and holy trust in the promises of her Redeemer illumined her dark
dungeon with the brightness of heaven; and when led forth to the
scaffold—death was swallowed up in victory.

Alice Lisle was beheaded in the Market Place at Winchester, Anno Domini,
1685.

“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.”

-----

[1] Macaulay.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                          WE ARE DREAMERS ALL.


                          BY RICHARD COE, JR.


    We are dreamers all! the babe that lies
          Asleep on its mother’s breast,
    In a dream of peace will sweetly smile,
    As if its spirit were e’en the while
          By angel ones caressed!
              We are dreamers all!

    We are dreamers all! the lover dreams
          Of a fair one by his side;
    Of the happy hour when he shall stand
    Before the altar, to claim the hand
          Of his bright and beauteous bride!
              We are dreamers all!

    We are dreamers all! the poet dreams
          Of the laurel-wreath of fame;
    He struggles and toils for weary years,
    And awakes at last with sighs and tears,
          To grasp but an empty name.
              We are dreamers all!

    We are dreamers all! the Christian dreams
          Of a promised rest above;
    Of the pleasant paths of Paradise—
    Of a home of peace beyond the skies,
          Prepared by the Saviour’s love!
              We are dreamers all!

    We are dreamers all! but oh! to me
          The Christian’s dream be given!
    For bright as his dream on earth may be,
    He wakes to a blest reality
          When he opes his eyes in Heaven!
              We are dreamers all!

                 *        *        *        *        *



                             MARY NORRICE.


                           BY JEANNIE DEANE.


Mary Norrice! With that name how many blessed memories come flitting by,
like bright-winged passage-birds, leaving in their flight a sadness—a
feeling of brightness gone!

It was the bright and merry autumn-time when I met thee, Mary, and thou
wert in thy girlhood—beautiful and care-free. _Another_
autumn-time—the time when withered leaves go whirling over barren
places where flowers erst were blooming, and dancing to a wild mournful
measure over the graves where _human_ flowers are meekly
sleeping—_then_ saw I thee, sweet Mary, on thy bridal morning, and
orange-flowers were in thy hair. And then another autumn-time—a sad and
withering autumn-time, and they laid thee in the _grave_. Alas! that one
so pure, so good as thou wert, should lie _there_! Alas! for thee, sweet
Mary Norrice!—and yet _joy_ for thee! Joy! joy for thee!

“An airy fairy Lillian” was my friend Mary—so “innocent-arch, so
cunning-simple,” that she was an especial favorite, the “bright
particular star” among that joyous band of school-girls where I saw her
first. Dark, roguish eyes, soft brown curls clustering about a low sweet
forehead, and a sunny, bright complexion had Mary Norrice.

For two bright years that went by on an angel-wing, she was my constant
companion—my best, dearest friend, and in this time, I became well
acquainted with the beauty, trustfulness, and purity of her character.
If there was _any_ fault in Mary, we girls used often to say, it was in
her adoption of the Catholic religion. It might have been Mary’s
imaginative disposition which inclined her to this belief; or perhaps
because it was the faith of her mother, who had died when Mary was very
young, and whose memory she cherished in her heart’s “holy of holies.”
Beautiful it was to see that fair child kneeling at morning before an
elegantly wrought crucifix, her mother’s dying gift; her white fingers
straying among the pearls of her rosary: or at evening, her slight form
bending in the moonlight, the white night-robe falling gracefully about
her, a few curls escaping from the delicately laced cap! her white hands
crossed on her beating breast—and her dark eyes full of prayer—as she
commenced with “Mary Mother.” It was a scene to look upon, and feel that
a pure spirit dwelt in her heart, and beamed forth from the child-like,
sinless face which looked in pure devotion up to Heaven.

Years are gone since the sweet voice of Mary Norrice was _hushed_—but
often when I sit alone in the thoughtful twilight, a “smiling band of
early hours come clustering about my memory,” and I can almost believe
that those soft brown curls touch once more my cheek! that dear head
seems again to nestle lovingly down upon my shoulder—and the little
hand feels warm in mine—as looking out together upon the evening-star,
I hear the now stilled voice, singing once more, so unutterably sweet
and spiritual, its evening song—“Ave Sanctissima!”

One evening when quiet, an unusual guest, seemed to reign throughout the
seminary of G——; when the hum of subdued voices, and the softened
tones of some distant harp or guitar echoed through the halls only at
intervals, we sat together in the big, old-fashioned parlor—Mary, her
cousin Claude Norrice, who was the pastor of the village, and myself.
Mary was looking from the window somewhat sadly—Claude was gazing into
her large dark eyes fondly and earnestly, while my poor foolish heart
was weaving a bright fabric for those two gifted beings who sat beside
me—a dream which I was to waken from, even before that bright ray of
moonlight which was sleeping in its holiness upon Mary’s brow, and which
I had been watching for the last ten minutes, should pass away. So
golden and so fleeting is the light which hope flings on the fairy
fabric of _love_.

“Sing us something, Cousin Mary,” said Claude, and her musical voice
stole upon our hearts in its magic sweetness, chanting softly that song
she loved, “Ave Sanctissima!” Insensibly my heart was yielding to the
strain, and I walked in old cathedrals “high and hoary,” listening to
some fair nun, as she chanted her mysterious vesper-hymn; when my
fancies were suddenly dispelled by Claude’s voice, begging Mary would
choose some other song.

“It is very beautiful,” said he, “and seems doubly so, Mary, sung by
your dear voice; but the devotion it expresses for an ideal object is
very disagreeable to me.”

I was called from the room at that moment, and when I returned an hour
later, I knew that Claude Norrice had told his cousin how dearly and
truly he loved her, how indispensable was her presence—her affection to
his life’s pathway. Mary stood before him, her head erect, as she said
proudly and with flashing eyes—

“I’m not to be treated as a mere child, Claude Norrice—I tell you again
that nothing you can say to me—no professions of affection you have
made, shall lure my heart from the faith of my _mother_.”

And she bowed her head in veneration as she spoke that name, and crossed
her fair white arms upon her breast as if she would still its wild
beatings. But I saw her cheek grow white as he bowed down and kissed her
forehead, and I saw her lips quiver fast, as he said:

“The shadow is on my heart, Mary—the shadow which your cruel words have
cast there, and it can never be effaced. God forgive you, Mary—and
Father in Heaven, help me! help me!”

Again he bowed down and kissed her, long and wildly—turned his face
toward me pale with agony, and rushed from the room.

“Claude! _dear_ Claude, forgive me,” murmured Mary as she slept that
night; raising her pale face from her pillow, and clasping her hands as
if she prayed. And often in that long, weary night she would wake with a
sudden start, and lifting her eyes toward the crucifix, pray
wildly—“Ave Mary! Madonna! help me!” When she would place her hand
beneath her pale cheek, weary with her grief, and sleep again, murmuring
all the while of Claude—her mother and Heaven.

There were no vows of eternal affection exchanged when Mary Norrice and
I stood on the shaded piazza of G—— Seminary, watching for the old
green coach, which was momentarily expected to take her to her city
home. No vows were needed—we loved each other with that trustfulness,
that confidingness which asks no pledge. Mary had promised to write me
very often, and this I assured her would be a panacea for every human
ill.

Not quite three months after we left school, I received from Mary the
following hastily written letter:

    “You will make big eyes, Jeannie, dear, when I tell you that I
    am just about to commit matrimony—only think of _that_! In one
    little week I am to slip my head into the sacred noose, and who
    think you is to help me bear the gentle yoke? Arthur Monterey,
    of whom you have often heard me speak, is the “lucky man,” and
    though he is a deal older than myself, I dare say we shall learn
    to love each other very much. He is very handsome, talented, and
    very much esteemed; but more than all, he is of my own
    religion—of the same faith as my sainted mother. You will
    “haste to the wedding” Jeannie, because you remember you long
    ago promised to act as bride’s-maid on the occasion of this bit
    of a ceremony. _Au revoir_, Jeannie dear, come to your own,

                                                           “MARY.”

I was not surprised that Mary was to marry a catholic, but I _was_
surprised to hear her speak of learning to love Arthur Monterey—_learn_
to love him! Mary Norrice with her loving, enthusiastic nature, _learn_
to love the man who was to be her husband!

The sunlight fell in through the windows of stained glass, glancing upon
the high forehead of her betrothed, and bathing in its warm rich light
the snowy bridal robes of Mary Norrice.

The vows were spoken; a golden circlet glistened on Mary’s finger, and
she was bound in joy and sorrow, for “weal or wo,” to go through life’s
pathway by the side of Arthur Monterey. Mournfully fell the tones of the
organ upon my ear, for in my heart it was two years agone, since I saw
Mary standing in the moonlight, and I heard Claude Norrice say in a
voice low with despair—“God forgive you, Mary!”

Arthur Monterey was a very handsome man, but there was a stern
expression on his proudly curved lip, and about his high intellectual
forehead, which made me fear for Mary. In the few weeks of gayety which
followed their marriage, I saw but little of him, though when with us,
he seemed very proud of his wife’s rare beauty and fascinations, and was
wholly devoted to her.

Winter, spring, and summer passed away, and in the autumn I received a
letter from Mary, saying that her husband was traveling, and begging me
to come to her. There was a terrible feeling at my heart as it looked
once more into those once merry eyes, now so large and sad—and somehow
a thought of _death_ as I kissed those lips so mournful and resigned in
their expression.

One evening we sat together in Mary’s room, at twilight—her head rested
on my shoulder, one pale hand supporting her soft cheek, as the other
swept the chords of her harp, with her own peculiar grace and magic.
Mournful and low was the prelude; and sad, and spirit-like the dear
voice which sang once more to me “Ave Sanctissima!” Midnight had passed,
and yet we sat by the open window—the moonlight falling in through the
curtains of snowy muslin, its beams as pure, as spiritual as the frail
creature who sat beside me, and whose face I fancied grew paler in its
light.

We stood within the church again—and Mary’s robes were snowy white; but
her brow was paler than before—the long dark lashes fell upon a
lifeless cheek—and the pale hands were crossed upon a hushed breast.

With mourning for the young and fair, solemnly echoed the deep tones of
the organ through the high arches; and there were white faces, and
stilled sobs around the coffined—beautiful—the coffined—_dead_.

In a package directed to me, which I opened after her death, Mary wrote
these lines—

“I trusted in ideal worth, dear Jeannie—I have laid my heart’s best and
holiest affections as a sacrifice upon the altar of my religion. I am
dying now, and promise me you will bring some of those deep-blue violets
from my mother’s grave, and plant them on my own—_then_ I shall sleep.
My husband has been kind to me—but his love is not that for which my
heart has yearned.

“If you do not think it wrong, Jeannie dear, you may give my bible to
cousin Claude, that same bible which he gave me so long ago. I have
placed a curl among its leaves—in Heaven I shall be his _wife_—there
are no _tears_ there.”

Bitterly did Claude Norrice weep as he held that long bright curl first
in the sunshine, then in the shade; but there was a glance of joy in his
dark religious eye as he murmured, “Mine in Heaven—Mary Norrice! in
Heaven—mine _forever_!”

I stood beside him in the spot where Mary’s earthly part is lying. The
shadow of the willow-tree waved sadly to and fro upon the white marble
cross, on which was graven “Mary Monterey, aged seventeen—there are no
tears in Heaven.” As I saw Claude Norrice gather a tuft of violets from
the grave, and press them to his lips in an agony of grief, I wept that
one so young and beautiful should die. But when I thought of the many
high imaginings, the lofty hopes, and holy aspirations the sleeper there
had taken hence to Heaven—when I thought how fair the flowers are, how
sweet the music, and how white are the angel’s wings in Paradise, I said
in my heart—joy for thee, dear Mary Norrice! Thou art gone _home_!

        “Joy! joy forever! thy task is done,
        The gates are passed—and Heaven is won.”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                         DEATH OF THE PATRIARCH


                         [Genesis. Chap. xlix.]


                     BY MRS. JULIET H. L. CAMPBELL.


    The day declined in Egypt, and the faintly fluttering breeze
    Drooped, with dew-laden pinion, ’mid the dark pom’granate trees;
    The purple grapes, like clustering gems, hung heavy on the vine,
    Half bursting with their luscious pulp, and rich with ruddy wine,
    The broad green leaves that shadowed them throughout the noontide
      glare,
    Now, quivering, fanned their glowing rinds, and cooled the brooding
      air;
    While hitherward, and thitherward, the date tree and the palm,
    Their graceful branches, slowly swayed, majestically calm.

    The day declined in Egypt, and the sun had sought the west,
    Where, like a king whose destiny was done, he sunk to rest,
    While palace, dome, and pyramid, gleamed with celestial fire,
    And heaven’s burnished battlements, glowed like a funeral pyre.
    But in the zenith of the sky, transparent clouds, and white,
    Rolled hurriedly athwart the blue, their billowy zones of light,
    And parting in translucent waves, as the sea was doomed to do,
    A throng of white-winged angels, swept that gate of glory through.

    The day declined in Egypt, and an old man looked his last
    Upon evening’s fading glories, for his life was ebbing fast;
    And dim, to him, the rosy earth, though beautifully bright,
    And dark, to him, the western heaven, though bathed in golden light.
    Yet, though his feeble sight no more might trace the forms of earth,
    His kindling soul looked from its clay, prophetically forth;
    Futurity’s enfolding shroud rolled heavily away,
    And ages, yet to be revealed, their secrets to the day.
    Nations unborn around him thronged, with all their _deeds_ and _doom_,
    And the Patriarch glowed with prophecy, on the confines of the tomb.

    The day declined in Egypt, and the Patriarch’s sons drew nigh,
    To hear their father’s parting words, receive his parting sigh.
    A noble band of brothers they, the princely twelve, who came
    And bowed their stately heads before that worn and weary frame.
    “Draw near, my sons,” the old man said, “while I reveal to ye,
    The hidden things, of old ordained, in latter days to be.

    “REUBEN! beginning of my strength! my first born and my flower,
    _The excellency of dignity, the excellency of power_!
    But what are lofty gifts to thee, while thy impulsive heart
    Will prompt alike the generous deed, or choose the baser part!
    Unstable as the waves thou art, I read thy nature well,
    And dignity and power are _vain_, for _thou shalt ne’er excel_.

    “LEVI and SIMEON, brethren ye, in wickedness and wile!
    My soul abhors your cruelty, mine honor shuns your guile!
    Lost and accursed shall ye be by God’s avenging wrath,
    And scattered wide, like sifted chaff, upon the whirlwind’s path.

    “Thou, princely JUDAH, nearer draw, my proud and peerless one,
    Mine eyes would rest once more on thee, my lion-hearted son;
    I see thy calm, majestic front, thou generous, true, and just!
    In _thee_ the children of thy sire, for aye shall place their trust.
    The gathering of the nations around _thy_ house shall be;
    _And until_ SHILOAH’S _coming the sceptre rests with thee_!”

    And thus, as round their prophet sire, the awe-struck brethren wait,
    To each of all the listening twelve, he speaks, unfolding fate.
    The brawny breast of ISSACHER, heaves heavily and high,
    As years of cruel servitude arise before his eye;
    Luxurious ASHER’S curving lip, half wreaths into a smile,
    As visions of voluptuousness, flit o’er his brain the while;
    And BENJAMIN, exulting hears of his successful toil—
    “_At morn thou shalt pursue the prey, at eve devour the spoil._”

    But JOSEPH, of the steadfast soul, triumphant over wrong,
    Round thee, the best belovéd one, the choicest blessings throng.
    Of the deep that lieth under, of the far spread heavens above;
    Of thy home and of thy household, in thy life and in thy love,
    The words wherewith he blesseth thee, o’er all prevaileth still—
    _Unto the utmost boundary of the everlasting hill_.

    The day declined in Egypt, and from fertile mound and plain,
    The golden sunlight fades away—night gathers dark again.
    The clouds roll their dark billows back, and through the rifts on
      high;
    The solemn stars, in marshaled hosts, tread up the midnight sky;
    While chanting, through the firmament, the errant angels come;
    They lead the unfettered spirit up, in triumph to its home.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                           A MONTICELLO DAY.


                          BY ALFRED B. STREET.


Monticello is one of the loveliest villages upon which the sun shines.
It occupies, in two rows, the aides and summit of a steep hill,
surrounded by orchards, grain-fields, and meadows; which in turn are
girdled by the unbroken wilderness. The single street is formed by the
broad turnpike, with smooth grassy margins that extend like carpets of
emerald up to the very porches, from the edges of the highway. Two
side-walks fringed with maples, (the most beautiful shade trees in the
world) form, with their brown stripes, the only interruption to the
smooth green margins above referred to. The street (or highway more
properly speaking) is hard and smooth as a sea-beach, over which the
wagon-wheel rolls as evenly and swiftly as over the surface of that very
important invention of modern times, the Plank road. Indeed it is more
like the glide of the rail-car over the T road than any thing else, and
the way that a span of Halsey’s horses can whirl a carriage through the
street of the village, “is a caution” to lazy folks.

The houses are mostly new and uniformly painted white, and peep out from
their rows of maples in the most agreeable and picturesque manner. In
fact, so sylvan is the whole appearance of Monticello, buried as it is
amongst its leaves, that it looks like some huge bird’s nest in the
branches of an enormous tree. It is an isolated place, too, tucked away
behind the Shawanyunk Mountain, and although placed upon a hill, is as
far removed from the busy world as it well could be. It is true,
Hamilton’s red coach crawls daily from Newburgh on the Hudson, through
it, carrying the mail with great regularity and despatch, (good
conscience,) on its snail-like pace to Lake Erie, but if the line
depended only for its continuance upon its passengers, its life would be
short indeed. In fact, if Uncle Sam’s “pap” (as Uncle Jack says) were
not freely bestowed, it would not really last longer than a chicken with
the pip.

Such being the state of things, it may readily be imagined that we
villagers have every thing to ourselves, as far as the great world
without is concerned, and that we are very little troubled with any
affairs except our own. It is true they furnish trouble enough of
themselves, but they are generally of such a nature that the detachment
of grannies and old maids from the main body of the village which take a
most pious and praise-worthy care of the morals of the place, can
usually settle them over a long “tea drink” at one or the other of their
dwellings.

With these preliminaries I now proceed to endeavor to sketch the gliding
of a summer’s day over our beautiful village, albeit my touches may be
skill-less, and my colors faint.

Not yet sunrise! What a sweet gray delicate light glimmers in the air,
and how fresh and cool the universal hue over every object. The sky is
stainless, pure as the thoughts of Innocence, and bright as the dreams
of the happy, although it wants the splendor of the risen sun. Faint,
faint, as the memory of other days to the aged are those few white stars
throbbing in the mid-sky, sinking deeper and deeper in the lustrous
heavens. In the east is a wreathed cloud, just above the spot where the
sun is expected, and evidently awaiting the period for it to burn under
the glance of the orbed God, like the arch-angel nearest to the Throne
of the Mighty. The west is dusky with the outlines of the forest upon it
misty and undefined, as if the breath of the vanished night was still
lingering there. Nothing is there to arrest my gaze; but the east draws
my eye toward it with the power of a magnet. The east! solemn and
mysterious spot in the wide heavens! how it sways, with its mighty
influence, the whole human race.

Upon its brow did the splendid Star of the Nativity blaze out with its
sudden glory, upon the astonished eyes of the shepherds upon the
hill-side, and there was the group of angels unveiled to the cowering
mortals who heard, as they shuddered upon their mother earth, the glad
anthem of “Peace on earth—good-will to men,” pealing through the
brightened heavens, and echoing even down to the dim, night-clad scene
around them.

From the east did the steps of the “wise men” come when they brought
their gifts of “frankincense and myrrh” to the hallowed infant in the
manger. And even now, as the first level ray streams across the desert,
does the wild Arab check the lofty step of his camel, and kneeling
toward the east, join in the praise then ascending from a thousand
minarets, that “God is great and Mahomet is his Prophet.”

To the east then will I turn, and with no infidel praise in my heart,
but with the feeling of pure gratitude to that beneficent Being who has
watched my pillow through the “dangers of the past night,” I gaze upon
it. Ha! that sudden flash, like the leaping of flame upon the altar! How
the wreathed cloud starts into light—how it brightens, how it glows!
like the iron in the furnace, how it turns to sudden red! Now o’er its
downy surface a crimson flush is spread! now its edges burn with gold,
it is a glorious banner now, burning, gleaming, flaring, glaring on the
east’s illuminated brow.

What a splendid object! and yet but a few moments ago it was nothing but
a wreath of cold gray vapor—a fragment doubtless of that dim blanket
which kept the stars from shining the past night. What a splendid
object, and yet the tints will soon fade, and it will once more turn to
a dim curl of cloud insignificant and hueless. Solomon’s mantle will
change to a garment that a beggar would scorn, particularly if the
morning should be cold. Garments of cloud may be very romantic, but they
would prove deucedly uncomfortable, particularly in winter I fancy,
although the sun does turn them into golden, crimson, and jeweled
glories.

But the east is kindling brighter and brighter, and at last a spot,
directly beneath the cloud, is burning almost like “white heat.” That is
the bath of splendor into which the sun will rush when it spurns the
mountain top and launches into the heavens. And see the lower edge now
burns with a fire that sears the very eyeball, and ha! yes, there comes
the sun. Up, up, with slow and stately, and solemn motion as yet, up,
up, with seeming accelerated speed; now it launches into its bath of
splendor, and in plain Saxon, it is sunrise.

Two broad streams of light roll toward me. One comes flashing directly
in front, tipping the summit of “Tonner’s hill,” and placing, quick as
thought, bright caps of gold upon the pines and hemlocks of the next
ridge this way, thence lighting upon “Brownson’s Hill,” and helmeting
the pines and hemlocks of that locality, and thence hitting here and
touching there, it bathes with rosy splendor the chimneys of the
village, and they straightway, like altars just touched by flame, begin,
every mother’s son of them, to smoke. And not your blue, common smoke
either, but smoke of _lapis lazuli_, or whatever other hue is radiant
and rich.

The other beam shoots off to the left, and leaving the valley-meadows
below Tonner’s, still steeped in their silver down of mist, it glorifies
the summits of the next wood, and spreads in a huge ring of golden glow
upon the tops of the forests that form the framework of “Pleasant Pond.”
One towering pine that plumes a green turban of a hill near the liquid
silver of the pond, has caught the splendor upon its apex, and how the
glad light there laughs and sparkles and dances. Like the brain of a
poet when the pure fire descends upon it, it seems to break out into a
glow of inspiration, and hark! borne to the fine and subtle ear of
fancy, through the intervening space thus sounds the song of this Memnon
of the forest—its sunrise hymn—

        Hail to the morning, hail! hail to its light and its splendor!
        Hail to its keen swift arrows! hail to its joy and its gladness!
        Light rushes up from the east, as from an eternal fountain,
        And straightway all Nature glows like steel that burns in the
          furnace!
        Hail to the morning, hail! hail to its radiant splendor!
        Hail to the wings of its speed! to its glad and its glorious
          presence!

        It comes to the dusky east like a thought of fire to the brain!
        It comes to the brightening east, like a “bridegroom to his
          bride!”
        It comes to the glowing east like liberty to the slave!
        And Nature laughs out in its splendor, and turns into light in its
          joy.
        Sing pæans, sing pæans all Nature! about pæans to God in His
          glory!
        He rolls up the sun in His might! He spreadeth the wings of the
          morning!

        Arise, oh! man, and come forth! glad morning calls out to arise!
        Break, break the fetters of slumber! lo! beauty is here to salute
          thee!
        Here freshness, here splendor, here beauty! yes, purity, beauty,
          and health!
        Health in the soft sweet air, and beauty on earth and in heaven!
        Wake man from the fetters of sleep! come forth and rejoice in this
          gladness.
        Hail to the morning, hail! hail to its light and its splendor!
        It comes like a seraph from heaven! yea, from heaven, and fresh
          with its glory!
        And lighting upon the dim Earth, the dim Earth straight bursts
          into beauty.
        Hail to the morning, hail! it comes with the speed of its pinion
        To turn the dim Earth into splendor, to clothe it in garments of
          light!
        Hail to the morning, hail! all hail to its glorious presence!
        Peal upward, rise upward my song! hail beautiful morning! all
          hail!

And thus endeth the first chapter.

                 *        *        *        *        *

Scene the second, is after breakfast, for the inhabitants of Monticello
generally, notwithstanding the invocation of the smitten pine to them,
with almost the single exception of myself, don’t trouble themselves
about rising until nature is pretty well aired. In other words they are,
nearly all, late risers.

This, however, is a sweeping remark, and does not include the various
“hired helps” of the village, who are now sallying out of their
respective domiciles, milk-pail in hand; and soon at every gate, and in
every green lane I hear the whizzing sounds of the milk streaming in
slight threads of pearl into the fast mantling pails beneath. Neither
does it include poor Hank Jones who, shaking in every limb from the want
of his morning dram, is hastening to the nearest bar-room; nor “Loafing
Joe” either, who, I believe, never goes to bed, and who is always astir
with the earliest bird, and who now, with the seeds of the hay-mow which
afforded him his last night’s couch, and his hat all crushed up, giving
good evidence that he has used it for a night-cap, is lounging, with his
customary slouching gait, along the maple-sidewalk leading from
Hamble’s. But these morning sights and sounds soon vanish—the cows wend
their lazy way, lowing, to their respective sweet-scented pastures—the
“helps” disappear with their foaming pails—poor lost Hank, after
swallowing a draught sufficient to set his stomach in a flame, leaves
for home, and even “the Loafer” has turned up the “Stone Store road”
toward his little cabin on the hill-side. (He lives on the summit of
“Antimony Hill,” the name for the bluff at the left of the road, forming
the termination of “Coit’s Ridge.” I have a story to tell about that
“Ridge” one of these days.)

The village is buried in quietude, and so, I’ll go to breakfast. Well,
breakfast has been dispatched, and I am again at my post, pencil in
hand, to note down events as they shall occur. Ah! there comes “Squire
Belldong” along the turnpike from his dwelling, after having discussed
his first meal of the day. I’ll hasten up and follow him into “Saint’s”
store, for I see he is bound there—that is always his first
stopping-place. There’ll be some fun now. He is the greatest
mischief-maker in the village, pursuing his trade out of pure love for
it, for nothing delights him so much as “setting people by the ears,” as
he calls it. He is a lawyer, and as he lives by this laudable business,
perhaps he should not be blamed. At any rate, living or no living, he
follows the business up with the pertinacity of a greyhound after a
hare.

“Good morning, Saint! how are you this fine morning!” is his first
salutation to the keeper of the store.

“Good morning, Squire! I am very well! How are you and your family!”

“Very well, I thank you! although I didn’t sleep very well last night!”

“Ah! what was the matter?”

“Old John P.’s dog kept up such a confounded barking and yelling, that I
couldn’t sleep a wink. However, there was a deuced quick stop put to it
about two o’clock as I should judge.”

“How was that?”

“A pistol shot I fancy. I heard the report, and one yell from the dog,
and then all was as quiet as could be wished.”

Here Saint John began to pick up his ears. He stopped measuring some
calico which he had been busy on, and said—

“The deuce! Who could have shot him?”

“Loafing Joe they say. At least old Wheeler, whom I met at the upper end
of the village, told me so.”

“There’s a chance for a suit for you, Squire! John P. will complain,
wont he?”

“No doubt of it. Well Joe has got nothing, so he must e’en go to jail!”

“Good riddance for the village. I wish the vagabond was always there.”

“So do I. Good morning.”

“Good morning, Squire.”

Over goes the mischief-maker to Hamble’s across the road.

“Good morning, Hamble!” as he enters the bar-room, where he finds that
worthy making his lemons still sourer by looking at them.

“Have you heard the news, Hamble!” elevating his heels on the bar-room
table, and deliberately drawing out a cigar. “By the way, Hamble, give
me a light.” (He is also the most free and easy fellow in the world.)

“News! no—what news?”

“They say that old Wheeler shot John P.’s dog last night!”

“_They_ say! _who_ says? _They_ say means nobody.”

“Well, _they_ say in this case means your own son-in-law. Saint John
just told me so.”

“Where! I don’t believe it!”

“Well, you are very polite, Hamble. (Puffing away at his cigar in the
most imperturbable manner possible.) Saint told me so in his own store
not a minute ago. (Knocking off the gray ashy tip of his cigar with his
little finger.) However, it is a secret. Don’t say to Saint that _I_
told you, for he’ll be angry with me.”

“Not I. I shant probably think of it again.”

Down goes Belldong, not half satisfied yet, to Claypole’s store.

“Hellow, Claypole! how goes it with you this beautiful summer’s morning?
Heigho! I’m so confounded sleepy, I can hardly see.”

“What’s the matter now, Squire?”

“Why I was kept awake nearly all night, last night, by that infernal dog
of John P.’s. By the way, have you heard the news?”

“No! what is it?”

“Saint John shot that devilish dog last night.”

“N-o! you don’t say so!”

“Yes, but I do say so, and know so too.” (Very positively, at the same
time throwing away the stump of his cigar.)

“Why, who told you so?”

“Hamble—not a minute ago. He’s good authority isn’t he? About his own
son-in-law, too?”

“Why, yes—he’s the best kind of authority, considering whom he tells it
of.”

“Well it’s true, no doubt of it. However, don’t say I told you that
Hamble told me. It might get me into trouble.”

“Of course not. I shant bring your name in. But who would have thought
it? However, I am glad of it on the whole. That dog was the perfect
horror of the whole village with his yowling and yelling. I declare, on
the whole, I’m rejoiced at it. We’ll have some peace nights and stand a
chance of sleeping some. I vow to you, the other moonlight night he made
such a noise I couldn’t close my eyes. I got up and opened the window,
and what should I see (you know it was as bright as day) but that
infernal creature, planted on his four legs with his tail as stiff as a
mackerel, yowling at the moon, as if he was in the last stages of the
hydrophobia. I was so mad that I took one of my old boots, and may I be
hanged, if I didn’t hit him slap, right on his head. He had just opened
his great mouth for another yowl, but it changed to a yell double quick
time, I tell you, and the way he streaked it round the corner was
nothing to nobody. Ha! ha! ha! Well, I’m glad he’s dead, any way.”

“He! he! he! so am I. Well, good morning.”

Opposite walks he, straight as a bee-line, to Nate’s store.

“Well, Nate, how are you?”

“Pretty well, how is it with yourself?”

“So as to be stirring, though I’m sleepy as the deuce. Have you heard
the news this morning, Nate?”

“News, no! (Nate is as keen after news as after money, and that is
saying all that can be said on the subject.) What news? Do tell me,
Squire?”

“Well, I mean to tell you. You know John P.’s big dog, don’t you?”

“Yes. I hear him often enough nights to know him. What of it?”

“He’s been shot.”

“Good! First rate. But who shot him?”

“Old cheese, your brother-in-law up at the tavern there.”

“What, Hamble! You don’t say so!”

“But I do say so. And I say further, (but this you mustn’t repeat for
the world, Nate, that is, with me as your authority—now you wont, will
you?)”

“No, no, no, I tell you. What was you going to say further?”

“Why, I was going to say further, (and of course you wont repeat it as
you’ve promised not,) that Claypole told me so.”

“Whew! Who would have believed it? I’m devilish glad of it though,
anyhow.”

Down, as fast as his legs (and they are long ones,) can carry him,
stalks the mischief-maker to Wiggins’ tavern.

“I say, Wiggins, how goes the morning with you? Had many customers at
the bar yet, eh!”

“Well, not a great many, Squire! It’s rather airley yet.”

“So it is. You’ve heard the news this morning, doubtless, Wiggins?”

“News! no. What news, Squire?”

“Why, John P.’s infernal great yowling dog has been shot!”

“Shot—dog—John P. Why, you don’t say so, squire!”

“No. _I_ don’t say so, but Nate Hemstitch does, and further more he says
who shot him.”

“_The deuce_ he does. Who was it?”

“I’ll tell you, if you’ll promise not to bring me in the scrape.”

“I promise of course. Now, who was it?”

“Well, Nate says that Bill Claypole did it.”

“BILL CLAYPOLE! Well—who—would—have—supposed it. I’m all struck into
a heap!”

“So am I, and I haven’t been struck out of it yet. Ha! ha! ha! Well, I
must go to my office. Good morning.”

And away goes Belldong after having, like a great spider, woven a web of
mischief all over the blessed village, that isn’t untangled in a month,
and will probably be the cause of divers fisticuffings, if not lawsuits.

In the meanwhile, the sun has glided higher and higher on his golden
wheel up his steep blue eastern pathway. The day promises to be a real
Titian, where a splendid coloring steeps the landscape in a lake of
light, where the rich yellows and deep blacks lie side by side in
distinct gradations, where the leaves embroider their ghostly
counterfeits on the sidewalks, where the sky is glittering in its most
cerulean intensity, and the air is so crystal clear that the outlines of
the distant hills seem as if traced with a hair-pencil on their azure
background. The morning shadows, however, are commencing to shrink back,
so that an edging of sunlight stripes the left border of the village
street, whilst the street itself is bathed in deep gold, and the white
houses opposite sparkle from the breaks in the glossy foliage with the
most radiant and beautiful effect.

The country wagons now begin to roll in. Old Taggett appears with his
ox-cart creaking like “Deacon Morgan, with his voice like a wagon,” and
urging his piebald steeds with a goad as long as Mrs. T.’s tongue (and
that is long enough in all conscience).

Deacon Decker is also in the village, having driven from “Decker’s
Settlement” since sunrise, with eggs and butter to exchange for goods
and groceries at Saint John’s store; and, as I’m alive if here doesn’t
come old Deacon Lackstir, urging his fat lazy horses to an unwonted
trot, as if on especial and driving business.

He is making his way to Esq. Loop’s, and I’ll enter the precincts of
“Pettifogger’s Delight,” to see what constitutes his hurry.

“Good morning, Squire Loop,” says the deacon, drawing in his breath
through his mouth all puckered up as if in the act of whistling. “How
you do this morning? How is your wife and children? Doing well under
Providence, I trust! Well, squire, I’ve come this morning with a little
piece of paper to have you sue on’t. I don’t want to be deficient in
Christian meekness, but it’s scripter doctrine, you know, ‘to pay what
thou owest.’ He! he! he!”

Whilst the old deacon is thus giving evidence of his “Christian
meekness,” I take the opportunity to look over the justice’s docket.

Ha! by all that’s laughable, there is a suit to come off to-day.

“Nirum Coger _vs._ Jacob Kettle”—plea, slander. “For that whereas the
said defendant did on divers days and times, to wit, on the 4th day of
July, A. D. 1847, being then and thereunder the influence of strong
drink, and at the instigation of the devil, did, with sticks, staves and
stones, to wit, with a sharp instrument commonly called the tongue, say,
utter and publish, in the presence and hearing of divers respectable
persons of the village, and to their great scandal, that he (meaning the
said Nirum) was an infernal thief, and that he (meaning the said
defendant) could prove it; and furthermore, that he (meaning the said
Nirum) had stole a sheep and hid its ears in a stump,” &c. &c. &c.

Here’s fun enough in prospect for the greatest stoic in the universe. “I
will be there! At eleven o’clock—and it is within a few minutes of the
time now. So I’ll e’en take a seat.”

In a few minutes Nirum comes stumping over, on his crutches, from his
little saddler’s shop opposite, and after him, mimicking his gait in the
most ludicrous manner, comes his opponent, the most incorrigible
vagabond in the whole village, not excepting “Loafing Joe” himself. Abe
Kettle is certainly the very personification of blackguardism. “You are
as great a vagabond as Abe Kettle,” is a perfect proverb throughout the
place. This will be a rich trial, depend upon it.

By and by the jury (the standing one of the village,) come stringing in,
looking very solemn and important. Esquire Loop takes his seat at his
desk, “spectacles on nose,” and calls over the case.

“Nirum Coger.”

“Here.” (Propping himself up on his crutches.)

“Abraham Kettle.”

“Here.” (Suddenly overtaken with lameness himself, and limping up to the
desk.)

“Gentlemen, are you ready to proceed?”

“Yes, your honor,” squeaked little “Blackberry,” who was counsel for the
plaintiff, and popping up from his chair.

“I aint, your honor,” interrupts Abe.

“Why not pray?” asks the justice, looking over his spectacles at him
with a magisterial frown.

“I haint got no witness.”

“That’s your own fault, not mine. Constable, call the jury.”

“I’ll make affidavy that it weren’t no lachees on my part, your honor. I
hope Mr. Coger wont take no advantage nor nothen.”

“You needn’t set there and lie, Abe Kettle,” says Nirum. “You haint got
no witness anyhow, and you knows it.”

“Well, heave ahead!” says Abe, taking his seat at the desk. “All I want
is to criss-cross your witnesses, to show that this here suit is a spite
suit. All spite and malice, your honor, _and_ nothen else.”

“Constable call the jury,” again commands the justice, blowing his nose
with a snort like that of a Pleasant Pond bull-frog.

Hereupon this functionary, (who by the way, was the perfect terror of
all the apple-hooking boys in the place, and, next to his dog, the
greatest dependence, the owner of the said dog had for the preservation
of his orchard,) commenced calling over his jury list, and finding them
all “on the spot,” (the magical shilling would always bring about that
phenomenon,) the justice began the usual swearing in.

“James Bat, John Slow, Jacob Slush.”

Hereupon three vagabonds showed themselves.

“The evidence you shall give, (here the justice evidently forgot the
form of the oath, and began to fumble the leaves of his ‘Justice’s
Manual,’ with a sneaking and puzzled look.) Ah! oh! shall give between,
what’s his name, plaintiff, and A. B. defendant shall be the truth, the
whole truth, and nothing _but_ the truth. Kiss the book!” snatching up
an old song book near him, (the justice is purblind without his
spectacles, and they had at that juncture slipped down to the very tip
of his nose.) They obeyed, and the rest of the jury were all called and
sworn in the same manner.

The first witness called for the plaintiff was a thick-headed Dutchman,
who could not manage to speak English, and who looked as if it were
beyond his management altogether to keep his eyes open. He testified to
the plaintiff and defendant being together in Wiggins’ bar-room on the
4th of July last, and in the course of a quarrel which sprang up between
them, that the defendant had said that the plaintiff was a thief—(“And
so he is,” ejaculated Abe, at this point of the testimony, which
elicited a loud “_Silence!_” from the justice, and a grin of rage from
Nirum)—and that he had ‘stolen a sheep and hid its ears in a stump.’

Nothing could be more clear, but what was that to Abe?

“Are you through, little Blackberry?” asked he of the opposite counsel.

Young Kellogg looked at him indignantly for a moment and then, drawing
himself up, said—

“I demand the protection of the court here, from the impertinence of
this person.”

“Mr. Kettle, call the counsel by his name, or I shall be obliged to
commit you.”

“Why, your honor, I thought his name was Blackberry. Loafer Joe says it
is, and besides I never heerd him called by any other name, your honor.
He’s always called ‘little Blackberry’ whenever they tell of his hoss
runnen away with him last Gineral Trainen!”

“No matter what Loafer Joe says—you must call him by his name, _Mr.
Kellogg_, whenever you speak to him.”

“Well, your honor, all’s the same to Abe. Are you through, Mr. Kellogg?”

“Yes, and I demand judgment; the case is made out.”

“Not as you knows on, little Black—Mr. Kellogg I mean. Jest you wait a
bit—jest wait till I criss-cross this here witness a little might. Mr.
Slump, (addressing the witness,) who was present when I said that aire?”

“Loafer Joe was, and I was too.”

“Hem—ha—was there any one else?”

“Not as I seed.”

“Very well—put that down your honor. What did I say was the reason I
called him by his name?”

“You didn’t call him by his name. You said up and down, he was a thief.”

“_Very well!_ but what was the reason I said he was a thief?”

“Because you said that he’d stole a sheep and hid its ears in a stump!”

“Now, Mr. Slump, be careful—remember your oath; false swearen is a
state’s-prison matter—are you sarten I said a sheep! Didn’t I say a
calf?”

“Calf!”

“Yes, calf—_be careful now_—remember state’s-prison!”

The witness began to open his eyes and looked puzzled, and somewhat
frightened.

“You see, your honor, he looks skeered. Put that down, that he looks
skeered. _Answer_, Mr. Slump!”

“Calf!”

“Yes, calf!” bawls out Abe, and striking the table with his fist.

“Well, I don’t know but you did. Sheep—calf—calf—sheep—same thing.”

“It may be in Dutch, but it isn’t in English by a long shot, Mr. Slump.
Put that down, your honor, this ere intelligent witness doesn’t know the
difference between a calf and a sheep. He says, your honor, that I said
calf—and didn’t I also say _his_ ears, availing Nirum’s, instead of
_its_ ears.”

“Well, I don’t know but you did,” gasps out the witness, looking
frightened out of his wits.

“Put that down, your honor. I said _his_ ears instead of _its_. I call
for a nonsuit.”

“Call for a nonsuit!” ejaculates Kellogg, in a tone of indignant
surprise—“on what ground, pray!”

“On three grounds, your honor—First, the declaration says that I called
the plaintiff a thief in the hearing of ‘divers respectable persons,’
when the witness testifies that I said it in the presence of Loafer Joe
and himself—the first one being the greatest vagabond, and the last the
most infarnal fool in the village. That’s the fust ground. The second
is, I didn’t say a ‘sheep’ at all, but a ‘calf,’ and that I’m ready to
stand up to any day—(here Nirum aimed a blow at him with his crutch.)
Oh, you needn’t fight about it, Mr. Coger. It’s true and you know it.
Keep your crutches for your own carcass, you vagabone you. That’s the
second ground. The third ground is that I said _his_ ears instead of
_its_ ears, and that I’ll stand up to; also, for that very mornen this
here limpen saddler was as drunk as an owl, and was a lyen in the woods
above the village, with his ears, head and all, in an old rotten stump
back of Coit’s Ridge. I know that, your honor, for I pulled him out
myself, and all the thanks I got for it was abuse from the vagabone!”

In vain did Coger asseverate his innocence—(the story being, in point
of fact, a lie of Abe’s from beginning to end, as Nirum was noted for
his temperance all over the village, and was a Methodist class-leader in
good standing, in addition). In vain did Kellogg start upon his feet and
commence a loud denial of the whole story. The justice struggled not to
smile—the constable grinned—the jury followed suit, the audience
tittered, and the boys outside set up a yell like an Iroquois war-whoop,
of “Hooraw for Abe Kettle!”

As for Abe himself, he looked round him in the most staid and sober
manner, and then, after demanding for a second time his nonsuit, as he
termed it, took his seat; and the justice, looking dark in the face with
his efforts to conceal his laughter, dismissed the suit.

“I want a warrant for the costs, ef they aint paid on the spot,” says
Abe. “I’m ready to swear, your honor—”

“Pay him the costs and be hanged to him,” ejaculated Kellogg to his
client. “He’s ready to swear to any thing.”

And Nirum, with a sigh takes out his leathern pouch and defrays the
costs to the justice. Kellogg then takes his hat and sneaks over to his
office. Nirum hobbles to his shop—the justice closes his office door,
the boys melt away, and the farce is over.

Twelve o’clock! time for the stage—so I’ll take a look at the hill.
Sure enough, there is a pyramid of dust shooting up from its summit,
and, in the midst, gleams out the crimson coach like a boiled lobster
from the gray mist of its pot.

Down the hill whirls the dust, and soon we’ll see the machine upon the
flat. Ah! here it is, spinning along at a great rate. Past Griffin’s
black domicile—past the beautiful meadow on the right—past the rich
wheat-field on the left—past the smooth lawny hill, with its birchen
grove on its top—past Uncle Jack’s—past the “ridge farm road,” and now
it is creeping up the hill by Owlet’s blacksmith shop. Ah! here comes
the ears of the leaders above the brow of the hill—then the heads
tossing up and down with their efforts—then the bodies, reined and
strapped—then the wheelers—then the lower side of the slanting seat
which forms the driver’s throne—then the driver himself, with his four
reins slanting to the horses’ heads—then the whole red coach, creaking
and pitching. At last the top of the hill is gained, and, with a loud
crack of the driver’s whip, through the village trot the jaded steeds.
The coach looks like a bobbed rooster with his tail down, for the dusty
boot protrudes immensely at the rear, and all the weight appears to be
on the hind seat. Up rolls the coach, the driver making his whip crack
like Fanny Ellsler’s castanets in the “cracovienne,” and with a
prodigious attempt at creating a sensation—the machine stops at
Hamble’s. Here the passengers, in the shape of a fat old lady, a lean
old gentleman, and a cross baby between them, empty themselves on
Hamble’s porch, and the driver, with a loud “keh!” and an awful crack of
his whip, gallops over to the post-office.

Thither follow the whole village, all athirst for the contents of the
mail-bag, which the driver sends straight at the head of the boy who
appears at the threshold of the store (for calicoes are distributed on
one side, letters on the other, and rum in the rear,) to receive it. The
boy lugs in the bag, casts it over the counter with a wry face, and
straight commences to unlock it and unloose the iron chain through its
rings. That duty performed, he vomits forth the contents—tawny parcels,
large and small—inside the counter, and stooping down commences, with
the postmaster himself, the task of “overhauling the mail.” Now a packet
would skim from his hand—and now another would take a flying leap—and
now another would bound, with a jerk, away, and then he would place a
parcel carefully by his side—then away would fly another packet, and
then another would be placed by his knee, the latter swelling into a
small pile—the mail matter for Monticello. At last, all the contents
being carefully picked over, the boy would rise painfully, as if his
knee joints were sore. The chain would again be thrust through the
loops—the padlock locked, and the leathern sack be lifted over the
counter and be transferred to the box of the expectant coach, crushed
under the feet of the driver who, carefully gathering up his reins,
would give a chirrup and whistle to his trampling team—off would dart
the coach, and the fat old lady, and the lean old gentleman, and the
cross baby between them, who by this time is very red in the face, would
disappear in thick wreaths of gray dust up the turnpike leading to
Cochecton on the Delaware waters.

The Monticello mail is then grasped with both hands, a package every now
and then slipping to the floor, and poured upon the post-office side of
the store. An untwisting of hempen strings then takes place—the tawny
covers torn from letter and newspaper, and after conning a most tedious
time over the packages, the postmaster commences in a drawling lazy
voice to call over the names upon the backs of the letters. The Hon. Mr.
Johnson (or whatever his name is at Washington) never selected his
deputy for his skill in reading, I’ll be bound, or else he has been
awfully taken in—for such a blunderhead I never heard attempt to call
over mail matter before:

“Mr. Screw-screw—s-c-r-e-w—Screwdriver!”

“Screwdriver! who the devil’s that?” ejaculates one of the expectants.

“That’s the name on the letter, anyhow!” answers the postmaster
fiercely, and spitting out enough tobacco-juice to drown all the flies
in the store.

“‘S-s-’ that’s a ‘c’ r, stop, no that’s not an r, that’s an ‘h’-oh,
Schelmsford. Mr. Schelmsford!”

“Here!” promptly responds one of the number outside the counter.

“Five cents, Mr. Schelmsford! That’s right!”

“Mr. Stickup! Is Stickup here?”

“No Stickup here.” (Or any where else I fancy, continues one sotto
voce.)

“It’s likely you know as well as I do, when I’m looking right at the
letter, and you are staring at the rum barrels. I’ll thank you to hold
your tongue.”

“Send to Washington—have him put out—can’t read
writen—dunce—fool—blunderhead—how long must we wait?” burst out in
paroxysms of wrath from the expectants.

“Gentlemen have a little patience, will ye; you see what spider’s tracks
this writen is. It wants optics like those of a microscope to decipher
it,” responds the poor postmaster, perspiring in his dread at the awful
threats of the expectants. “Now have a l-e-e-t-l-e patience and you’ll
all get your letters.”

“Mrs. Soapdish!”

“Soapdish, you wretch!” shrieks a female voice in the crowd. “Soapdish,
you mean puppy! Soapdish! you low fellow!”

“Yes, Soapdish!” asseverated the postmaster, who seeing it is only a
woman begins to take courage. “Have you any objection to Soapdish? If
you have leave the letter, that’s all. Leave the letter for the dead
office at Washington, only _don’t interrupt_ me in my official duties,
my good woman! Soapdish is a very good name, the name your husband gave
you, no doubt, Mrs. Soapdish! Does she want her letter, after paying me
five cents for it!”

“You mean Mrs. Soper, Mr. Skinner,” modestly observes some one from the
crowd.

“No I don’t. I mean Mrs. Soapdish. Miss-es—Misses—Soap-dish—Soapdish!
Stop though! what a confounded crabbed hand!” squinting over it, then
glancing askance at it, and then fairly turning it upside down, after
endeavoring to squint inside, as if to find the name there. “On the
whole, I shouldn’t be surprised if it were ‘Soper.’ Here, take it, my
good woman, and look at it yourself. If it isn’t Soapdish, it’s Soper,
and one name is as good as another in Tahoo, for that’s the language the
fellow has written in I verily believe,” continues he, grumbling and
fumbling over his other letters.

“James Shipoker, Esq.!”

“James Shipoker, Esq.,” ejaculates the judge of the county court. “Oh,
what an _incorrigible ass_! James Shipman you fool! Well, I can’t stand
this. I’ll write to my friend, the Postmaster-General, and have you
kicked out, neck and crop, you dunce you!”

“Just come and help yourselves, gentlemen! I see how it is. You wish to
interrupt me to avoid paying the postage. I can see through a grindstone
as well as the best of ye, especially when there’s a hole in it big
enough to put John P.’s dog in. Here, boy, you come and call over the
letters. See if you have any better luck!”

The store-lad fortunately could “read writen,” and after a while each
one got his letter or his paper and left the post-office.

And thus endeth the second lesson. In other words, it is dinner time.

                 *        *        *        *        *

Dinner is dispatched.

The glossy dark shades begin now to stretch themselves from the golden
west. The shadow of “Coit’s house” (I mean to tell a story about that
also) lies strong and well-defined—a sable picture—upon the sunny
green—each tree “hath wrought its separate ghost upon the”—grass.
Hamble’s tall, straddling sign-post looks like a prone black giant upon
the gray highway, and the long sweep of the corner-well seems like an
elbow a-kimbo.

The girls and boys of the village now assemble for their usual afternoon
stroll. Pleasant Pond is the point fixed upon, and accordingly we start.
We turn up the green country-road leading to it, arm-in-arm. How fresh
and beautiful every thing is. The wheat is goldening—the meadow grass
is deepening—the pasture-fields are clovering, and the air is one
incense. The distant hills are freckled with gliding shadows, and the
pure pearls of clouds are dissolving as if the sky was Cleopatra’s
goblet. Others are wreathing, as if to form a silver garland for the
brow of Antony, whilst others are glittering in the sunlight, as if to
spread a canopy of snow for the fairy barge that in old times floated
along the Cydnus. The Titianesque beauty it promised in the early
morning, is gloriously fulfilled—lo! it is all one bright and rich and
golden glow of beauty.

So up the hill we pass, and down the hill we go, and now we are in the
forest with the soft, cool, green shadow falling over us like a mantle.
We are pleased with every thing—we smile at every thing—no thought of
care is in our happy hearts. The world is Eden, with the angel Hope
smiling us forward with her azure wings, and bidding us, with soft
entreating tones, to enter in its pathways, whilst the gate, the pure
white gateway, swings upon the post, shrouding our eye from all that is
behind, and forcing us to dwell upon the soft and fairy picture that the
future paints, to lure our steps in its delicious maze.

W-h-e-w! what a leap Pegasus has taken to be sure. Pat him gently, pat
him gently, for his eye is bright with fire; pat him gently, pat him
gently, for his heart is hot with ire; pat him gently, rein him gently,
or his hoof will spurn the ground, and on high he’ll rise and soar and
fly, with a swift and curbless bound—and, plain common sense! you will
be left kicking in the mud.

Well, we’ve patted him gently, the arching of his glossy neck is
over—his eye hath lost its mad brightness, his hoof settles into his
customary trot, and “Pegasus is himself again”—_Shakspeare_.

Hurrah! the pond is in view, appearing like a great looking-glass. Come,
let us hurry to the bank and have some fun. Here is our usual parlor—a
floor of silver sand—a roof of thick woven laurels—mossy logs for our
chairs, and the pond itself for our mirror. Here we are safe and
sound—call the roll!—no one missing. Now, now will we speed the bright
hours away, all shod with pure gold from the sun’s merry ray; with song
and with laughter we will wait till the west with gold and with crimson
the wreathed clouds has dressed; no care shall distract us, no sorrow
annoy, again you’re a girl and once more I’m a boy; with a pure sky
above us, and heaven within, ere you had known trouble or I had known
sin; let pleasure then smile on us—throw care away, come what may, come
what will, we’ll be happy to-day. So we will—say one, say all.

A party of us “male critturs” now leave the ladies plunged deep in song
and sentiment, for a plunge in the delicate balm of the waters stretched
like a dream of delight far, far away to our vision.

About half a mile from the party is a deep narrow cove, with a long
wooded point shutting it completely from observation. It is the most
lovely and retired spot in the universe for a “quiet dip.” And, reader,
here let me inform you, that bathing in our American ponds, and bathing
in the surf at the sea-side, are two different things. In the latter
case you go habited in a night-gown, striped like a state’s-prison bird,
and with many an “oh!” and “ah!” you feel your way over the moist cool
sand. At length you see the tall wave lifting itself up like a rearing
war-horse, and with silver-mane flashing, and azure-breast dashing, on
it comes. You stand stock still with suspended breath, and at length you
see the glittering and magnificent billow combing right over your head.
You involuntarily duck, but there is no escape, down comes the gorgeous
thing, slap, right over your whole person, wetting you through in an
instant, and as staggering and blinded you reel back to the shore, you
hear the delicious crumble of the wave upon the beach, than which no
sound in nature can be so deep and yet so rich, so sounding and yet so
mellow. But fresh water bathing is a different matter. No striped
night-gowns, but “in puribus naturalibus,” (I don’t know whether that is
good Latin or not, and don’t care,) you walk boldly along some cool,
soft, mossy log, its surface yielding like velvet to your naked feet,
and, souse, head first you dive into the limpid element.

And that was the case with us, until a dozen heads were on the surface
looking like magnified lily blossoms. A close net of these lilies was
woven in the water about six feet from the shore, the water being
perfectly paved with the great broad leaves, and it was necessary to
break our way right through them before reaching the deeper waters of
the cove. And right through them our way did we break. We made a charge
like a charge of South Sea Islanders, and though the tough, spongy,
supple stems clung around our limbs as if they meant to drag us
under—and the strong, thick, gigantic leaves, huge as the ear-flaps of
the moose, (who, by the bye, luxuriates upon the pond water lily,) cut
our arms and flapped heavily in our faces—and the round, cylindrical,
yellow blossoms kept bobbing into our mouths and knocking into our eyes,
we persevered until we struggled through them, and reached the deep
water. And then didn’t we luxuriate. Some “trod water,” some stretched
themselves out for a long swim, and one huge fellow, with fat enough to
keep him floating whether or no, elongated himself in a most wonderful
manner, laying his head flat upon the water at every impulsion of his
body snorting all the time like a porpoise. At length we became tired of
the deep water, and concluded to adjourn to the shallows inside the
lilies, and have a battle of shooting water at each other. This sport
was the usual termination to our baths.

Accordingly we hastened to the battle-ground, and took opposite sides.
Arranged in two long lines, we approached each other, each elbow drawn
back, and hand raised so as to bring the bottom of the palm on a level
with the water. In silence did we eye each other for a season—the word
then came, and then commenced the battle. And furiously raged the
strife. Not the legions of Cæsar pouring from their galleys, and the
wild warriors of Britain’s snowy cliffs—not the fierce _mustaches_ of
Napoleon, and the sturdy red-coats of Wellington, poured greater
destruction upon one another, than we dashed the glittering crystal of
the frighted cove on each other’s ranks. No faltering—no backing—but
looking steadily as the blinding water would allow, into the eyes of our
foes, we plied our work—no faltering—no backing—but looking steadily
as the blinding water would allow into the eyes of _their_ foes, they
also plied their work. Closer and closer we approached, and then, each
one singling his opposite for single combat, closed for desperate
strife. One cataract of tumbling water, raised by four scooping hands,
now sheltered two combatants, who finding the shots too heavy for face
and eyes, fairly turned back to back and madly dashed behind them the
flashing water. At length nearly blinded, all simultaneously retreated
from each other and sought the brink—all but the fat-headed,
porpoise-breathing fellow before mentioned, who, blinded by his own
torrents of water, and supposing that his antagonist was still
contending, kept up a most determined, desperate, and valorous dashing,
until gasping, choking, and blind from the cataracts which his own hands
scooped, and which dashed upon his own carcase, he turned at last to the
shore, bawling lustily for “quarter, quarter!” yelling at the same
time—“I yield—I yield—I yield!”

By the time this worthy had reached the shore, the rest of us were
dressed, and accordingly this victim to his own courage, was obliged to
undergo the interesting ceremony of “mumbling the peg!” Plucking at
last, with his strong teeth, the peg, driven fast and deep into the firm
earth by the heels of certainly a half dozen, he dons his garments, and
we all then join the ladies. By this time the pond is turning all colors
in the sunset. There, in the middle of its glassy surface, is a blush as
beautiful as ever crimsoned the cheek of beauty whilst listening to the
whispers of the dearly loved—and near it is a space of golden water,
lustrous as the shield of Galahad when approaching the “round table” of
Arthur and his knights, (knight most blest,) he proclaimed he had found
the “holy grail.” Purple is not wanting, rich as that around the neck of
the wild pigeon—nor emerald either, bright as the hue that glitters on
the body of the house-fly—nor glossy black, deep as the thunder-cloud’s
bosom when coming to scathe and destroy. Ah, how the tints glow—ah, how
they tremble, such as in the rainbow show, such do they resemble. Ah,
how the tints glow, and mingle, and pulsate—now are they woven in one
gorgeous robe that really makes plain Pleasant Pond look like some
paradisiacal scene of “the reign of Haroun Alraschid.” But at last the
colors fade—they die, alas! alas! alas!—they fade—they die—and now
remains of all that brilliant Eden not one single gleam. All—all has
departed.

By the time we ascend the banks, thread the labyrinth of “Bates’”
logging, and regain the road, the harvest-moon has risen. Snow white in
the pearly twilight, she soon will deepen into gold, and then change
into deep silver. Behold she changes even now, and the twilight deepens,
and now the broad and magnificent moonlight reigns. Ah, how glorious!
ah, how beautiful! A silver day is smiling, more soft, more delicate,
more radiantly pure than the “garish” one that just went glittering out
through the rosy portals of the west. The near forests and the distant
hills are all suffused, and mingled, and melted into a sweet romantic
picture of bewitching beauty. Back we retrace our path through the
jeweled woods, and now, scenting the odor of the clover-grass, we
diverge from our road into the deep cool verdure of the meadow. No
danger of dampening the dainty delicate feet of our girls either, for
there has been no rain for a month, and the earth is as dry as powder.
So we wade through the swaying verdure, and enjoy the “compacted sweets”
of the clover odors. Thence we scramble over a rough stone-wall, the
girls giving pretty screams, and holding up their petti—I beg pardon,
drapery, so as to jump more readily, and enter a corn-field. The rich
soil loosened by the hoe crumbles at our tread, and the plumy stalks
shake above our heads, almost excluding the moonlight. Mercy, what round
thing is that I stumbled over just then! not a skull I hope, although
corn-fields before now have sprung above church-yards and battle-fields.
Who knows but this field now rustles above some “Indian burial-place” or
frontier battle-ground. However, this can’t be a skull, for my foot has
just “squashed” into another, and—why it is only a pumpkin. Confound
the long vines too, how they trip one up. What on earth is the reason
that they can’t plant corn-fields without putting pumpkins in also? They
only serve to trip up the girls and boys who condescend of a summer’s
night to enter the precincts.

I fancy a young ear of corn would not be unacceptable. A young, green,
succulent ear of corn. So come here you plumed chieftain, “lend me your
ears,” or rather, plumed chieftain! I will take you by the ears. I will
cut off your ears, plumed chieftain! all feathered, and satined, and
tasseled as thou art. Yea, verily will I, plumed chieftain! so here
goes. I tear off the emerald sheath and lo! the silver ear—pearly rich
art thou, silver ear of the plumed chieftain! all feathered, and
satined, and tasseled as he is, and I don’t think thou wilt be less rich
when the red fire shall make thee tawny and fit for the teeth.

But we leave the corn-field, with its infernal pumpkins, and once more
merrily wend our way along the moonlit road. Ah, here is the path
diverging to the “camp-meeting ground.” We are bound to enter, and so we
do. How sweetly quiet is the little glade with the forest sleeping in a
silver calm around it. Does not the echo now repeal the loud
enthusiastic “amens” that then awoke the air at the last “camp meeting,”
and the struggling agonized prayer of that gray-headed old man “that God
would blot out his sins for they had been many?” Does it not now, even
now, seem to thrill amidst those slumbering leaves? And the low music of
that lovely maiden’s commune with her God, as if he were her earthly
father, so tender, so affectionate—ah, her prayers were known in
heaven. The seraphs knew them as the prayers of one, pure as themselves,
the Son knew them as the usual breathings of a spotless soul, and the
Mighty Father knew them too, and loved and accepted them. Heaven is made
of such pure souls, oh, sweet and prayerful maiden!

And the loud triumphant singing—the halleluiahs of the throng. Oh, how
they sprung from the earth—oh, how they spread their wings—oh, how
they flew up to glory! Oh how they sprung—oh how they spread, oh how
they flew up to glory! Burning songs—burning songs, oh how they flew up
to glory!

But we leave this moonlight picture of peace and serenity and seek once
more our homeward road. We ascend the hill, and beneath us, slumbering
in the magnificent moonlight, lo! our beautiful village. Sleeping in the
moonlight, lo! our quiet, our peaceful, our beautiful village.

See, how the church steeple rises, soaring up, soaring up, in the solemn
and silvered heavens, with its vane sparkling like a dew-gemmed lark
hovering over the steeple. Hark! from that silvered steeple, soaring up,
soaring up in the solemn and silvered heavens there seems to come a
song, thrilling along the hushed and listening air, like the song of
that same dew-gemmed lark when he springs triumphant upon the highest
cloud of the morning. Hark! I hear the song, it trembles through my
soul. Listen, listen, listen to the moonlight song of the praising and
soaring steeple.

        Art thou a seraph from heaven, thou sweet pure moonlight!
        That thou comest in thy garb of dream-like and delicate beauty?
        Dost thou bear the splendor of the “Great White Throne” near which
          thou dost touch thy lute, dost thou bear it on thy glittering and
          pearly wings!
            Seraph!
        For thou dost change all to a white and wondrous lustre,
            Oh, Seraph!
        Seraph of the starry brow and snowy pinion,
          Brow of stars and pinion of snows.
        Oh, heavenly Seraph! oh, Seraph of wonderful beauty!
        Thou, thou, dost bear with thee the anthem of heaven,
            Seraph!
            Oh, Seraph!
        Seraph of wonderful beauty!
        And the anthem of heaven wakes echo on the bosom of earth.
            Seraph!
            Oh, Seraph!
        Seraph of wonderful beauty!
        The heavens are softly blue!
        It is thy eye, Seraph!
        That star glowing there like a gem from its mine,
        Is a part of thy brow, Seraph! and that white cloud is thy pinion,
          Seraph, thy beautiful pinion of snow.
        Oh, Seraph! sweet Seraph! bright Seraph of wonderful beauty!
        I point to thee upward from earth, I point to thee, Seraph!
        For I love to reflect thy glance, although I am only of earth.
        And I love to hymn thy praise, oh holy Seraph of moonlight!
        When the summer daylight has gone out like a flash in the
          crimsoning west,
        And the dew of evening falls softly on grass and flower.
        For then, oh, holy Seraph!
        I know thou wilt come and reign the queen of the scene.
        Farewell now, oh Seraph! oh Seraph that came from the skies,
        And will wing back thy flight when the morn
        Comes flashing again from the east!
        Farewell—farewell—farewell!
        Till the summer-night calls thee again!
        And again will I praise thee in song,
            Seraph!
            Sweet Seraph!
        Oh, Seraph of wonderful beauty!

The music melted on my ear, but upward through the soft depths of the
moonlit heaven soared a faint, throbbing star, and vanished at last in
the middle ether. It was the sweet farewell to its “Seraph of wonderful
beauty” of the praising and soaring steeple.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                GENIUS.


                            BY HELEN IRVING.


    In the sacred Hindoo Vega, is the sweet tradition found,
    That while the waste of waters yet girt the new earth round,
    Blooming out beneath the whisper of the great Almighty Power,
    On the gloomy flood there floated, one lonely lotus-flower.

    And within its crystal chalice, a frail, but heaven-blest shrine,
    Was placed a spirit gifted with creative power divine,
    Its celestial radiance making that lily-temple bright,
    And through its pure leaves shedding on the wave a halo-light.

    Filled with yearning was the spirit, dimly conscious of its power,
    Feeling, yet not comprehending, all its grand and god-like dower;
    Glowing with the joy and beauty of a soft supernal fire,
    While his white wings restless quivered, with a seraph-like desire.

    And his dreams and aspirations slowly took the form of prayer,
    Wrestling till the blessing-answer, softly sounded through the air—
    “Labor, for to thee is given, dower and destiny divine;
    Labor, till the fire within thee, warmeth other hearts than thine!”

    And with ceaseless, strong endeavor, wrought the spirit hour by hour,
    Humbly looking up for guidance, to the Source of all his power,
    Till in place of gloom and darkness, rosy light about him lay,
    And dim forms of radiant beauty, seemed to throng around his way.

    Forms of glory and of grandeur, and of fair immortal youth,
    On his raptured vision shining, in the purity of truth,
    Breathing love and throbbing life—life divine which he had given,
    To his glowing spirit linking them, and thus through him to Heaven!

                 *        *        *        *        *



                         THE BIRTH OF THE YEAR.


                           BY HERBERT ENKERT.


                            [SEE ENGRAVING.]

    The moon was sinking down the west,
      And slowly, through the eastern way,
    Aurora Borealis-like,
      Arose the delicate light of day.
    The countless spheres that jeweled space,
      A proud, exulting anthem sung,
    As into life the youthful Year
      With more than mortal beauty sprung.

    Beneath his Predecessor lay;
      Twelve cycles had he seen go by,
    And now his aged, withered form
      Was stretched in death athwart the sky.
    The young Year gazed upon his face,
      The dew of tears was in his eyes,
    When, looking up, he saw the shape
      Of hoary Saturn fill the skies.

    And Saturn crowned the youthful Year,
      And placed the sceptre in his hand,
    And bade him journey, day by day,
      And month by month, from land to land.
    With counsels garnered from the Past,
      Those counsels only age can give,
    He taught him how to pass through life—
      To live as only good men live.

    And then he sent him forth. The youth
      Sprung lightly on his Orient way,
    Saluting the arising sun,
      Bird-like, with many a matin lay;
    Behind him lay the shrouded dead,
      Before, Sahara-like, was space;
    But, like a man, the boy strode on,
      With hopeful heart and radiant face.

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration: ADVENT OF THE YEAR.
 Engraved expressly for Graham’s Magazine by W. E. Tucker
 Printed by J. M. Butler]

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration: GEN^{L}. RICHARD MONTGOMERY.
 Engraved expressly for Graham’s Magazine]

                 *        *        *        *        *



             THE LIFE OF MAJOR-GENERAL RICHARD MONTGOMERY.


BY THOMAS WYATT, A. M., AUTHOR OF “HISTORY OF THE KINGS OF FRANCE,” ETC.
                               ETC. ETC.


Richard Montgomery, the subject of this memoir, was born in the year
1737, at Convoy House, the seat of his father, near Raphoe, in the north
of Ireland.

Thomas Montgomery, father of the above, had three sons, Alexander, John,
and Richard. Alexander commanded a grenadier company in Wolfe’s army,
and was also present at the capture of Quebec. He many years represented
the county of Donegal in the Irish parliament. John, the second son,
lived and died in Portugal; and Richard, after receiving a liberal
education at Trinity College, Dublin, entered the British army at the
age of eighteen, under General Monckton. In 1757 the regiment to which
he belonged was ordered to Halifax; and in the following year formed
part of the army at the reduction of Louisburg, a French fortress, on
which much money and science had been expended, and which had been
vauntingly named by its possessors, “the Gibraltar of America.” Here our
young aspirant commenced his career of field-service, which was destined
to end in another war on the same continent. Early in the spring of
1758, a naval and military force commanded by Major-General Amherst, and
Admiral Boscawen, began its voyage from Halifax to Cape Breton, and on
the 2d of June arrived in Cabarras Bay. As soon as practicable, the
reconnoiterings of the coast and other preliminaries were arranged.

Two divisions, commanded by Generals Lawrence and Wetmore, were employed
to keep the enemy in a state of separation; while the third, composed of
the _élite_ of the army under General Wolfe, pressed toward the headland
near Freshwater Cove, and in despite of a heavy and well-directed fire
from the French, and a surf uncommon high and perilous, gained the bank,
routed the enemy, and seized a position which covered at once the
further debarkation of the troops, and the necessary communications with
the fleet. It was in this movement Montgomery furnished the first
decisive evidence of those high military qualities which so distinctly
marked every step of his subsequent conduct. An incident is related, as
having occurred during the bombardment of the fort, which excited the
wit of one of the officers. While commanding in the trenches, a bomb
thrown from the fort knocked off the hat and grazed the skull of General
Lawrence, but without injuring him; which circumstance drew forth a
sarcastic remark from General Charles Lee, then a captain in the British
army—“I’ll resign to-morrow,” exclaimed Lee. “Why so?” asked the person
to whom he spoke. “Because,” said the wit, “none but fools will remain
in a service in which the heads of the generals are bomb-proof.” The
siege terminated on the 27th of July in the surrender of the fortress,
the destruction of several French ships of the line, and the capture of
a garrison of five thousand men.

So favorable were the impressions made of the aptitude of our young
soldier for military service, that he was immediately promoted to a
lieutenancy.

While the British were thus triumphant at Louisburg, they at another and
important point were fated to sustain a heavy loss, as well in
reputation, as in numerical force, in the defeat of the army of
Abercromby at Ticonderoga.

In 1759, General Wolfe was placed at the head of nearly eight thousand
soldiers, and several ships-of-the-line, with orders to reduce the
fortress of Quebec.

After arriving and well reconnoitering the fortress, the general
discovered obstacles greater than he had before conceived, and he found
the only expedient left for giving him a chance of accomplishing his
plans, was a constant and unrelaxing endeavor to decoy into detachments,
or to provoke to a general battle, his old and wary antagonist, who
seemed to understand too well the value of the strength of his castle,
to be easily seduced from it. The attempt was accordingly made, but
ended in a new disappointment and increased vexation, for the enemy
refusing to quit his stronghold, neither advanced in mass, nor in
detachment, to attack him, while his own troops showed a great want both
of order and discipline. This failure no doubt increased, if it did not
create, an indisposition, which caused a temporary suspension of the
general’s activity, during which he submitted to the consideration of
his officers the general question of future operations and the direction
to be given to them, subjoining at the same time statements and opinions
relative to the proposed attack.

To these considerations Montgomery, though a junior officer, was
permitted to give an opinion, which was received by his senior officers
with much respect, and afterward proved of great importance as followed
by Wolfe. Very soon, however, the fortress was surrounded by the
British, but nothing could be considered as done while it remained to be
taken, and for its security there was still left a sufficient garrison
and abundant supplies, with an exterior force already formidable and
hourly increasing. Under the aspect of things the chances were yet
against the invaders, and it required only a vigorous resistance on the
part of the garrison to have saved both the fortress and the province.
But fear betrays like treason. Ramsay, the French commander, saw in some
demonstrations, made by the British fleet and army as trials of his
temper, a serious intention to attack him by land and water at the same
time, when, to escape this, he opened a negotiation for the surrender of
the fort at the very moment when a reinforcement was ready to enter it.
The negotiation speedily closed by the surrender of the capital, and
Quebec was now in possession of the British. Montgomery was the first to
place the British flag on the ramparts of the fortress with his own
hands.

                 *        *        *        *        *

By this time a large military force had been collected in British
America, and having no longer any professional occupation there,
detachments were made from it against the French West India Islands. Of
these expeditions the principal objects were the reduction of St. Pierre
and Fort Royal in the island of Martinico, and of Havana in that of
Cuba. These campaigns were extremely laborious and perilous, not only by
the climate and season, but by the means of defense furnished by nature.
In each of these Montgomery had a full share, as well of the toil and
danger, as of the commendation bestowed upon efforts, which ultimately
triumphed over every kind and degree of resistance. Martinico
surrendered in February, 1762, and Havana and the Moro Castle in the
August following; two events greatly tending to hasten the treaty of
Versailles, which put an end to the war on the 10th of February, 1763.
During this siege the loss sustained by the British army amounted to
twenty-eight thousand men, besides which, more than half of the troops
sent back to New York, either died on the passage or after their
arrival.

Of the garrison left at Havana under General Keppel, but seven hundred
men were found fit for duty at the peace. Soon after the official
annunciation of peace, Montgomery, who with the seventeenth regiment,
had returned to New York, sought and obtained permission to return to
England, where he remained until the close of the year 1772. Although
the military abilities of Montgomery were highly distinguished, war and
conquest had no other charms to him than as the means of peace and
happiness to mankind, and he found leisure in the midst of camps to
cultivate an excellent taste for philosophy and polite literature.

To these he added a careful study of the arts of government and the
rights of mankind, looking forward to that time when he might return to
the still scenes of private life, and give a full flow to the native and
acquired virtues of a heart rich in moral excellence. He had formed an
early attachment, amounting even to an enthusiastic love for this
country.

The woodland and the plain; the face of Nature, grand, venerable, and
yet rejoicing in her prime; our mighty rivers, descending in vast
torrents through wild and shaggy mountains, or gliding in silent majesty
through fertile vales; their numerous branches and tributary springs;
our romantic scenes of rural quiet; our simplicity, _then_ uncorrupted
by luxury or flagrant vice; our love of knowledge and ardor for
liberty—all these served to convey the idea of primeval felicity to a
heart which was fraught with benevolent feelings.

It was during his residence of nine years in England, that the
controversy between Great Britain and her American colonies commenced.
This he watched with a jealous eye, and at last fancied he saw enough to
cause him to abandon the King’s service, and to seek America as his
future and permanent home. He accordingly sold the commission he then
held, and in January, 1772, arrived in New York.

Very soon after his arrival he selected a delightful spot on the banks
of the Hudson river, in the state of New York, purchased a farm there,
and expected to retire from the bustle of a noisy world. The following
year he married a daughter of Robert R. Livingston, then one of the
judges of the superior court of the province.

In this most eligible of all situations, the life of a country
gentleman, deriving its most exquisite relish from reflections upon
dangers and past services, he gave full scope to his philosophical
spirit and taste for rural elegance. Satisfied with himself, and raised
above all vulgar ambition, he devoted his time to domestic pursuits, the
intercourse of a select society, the study of useful books, and the
improvement of his villa. But neither wood nor lawn could make him
forget the duties which he owed to society. When the hand of unlawful
authority was stretched forth, Montgomery was ready to exchange his
peaceful groves for the tented field. From that fatal day in which the
first American blood was spilt by the bands of British brethren, and the
better genius of the empire turned abhorrent from the strife of death
among her children, our hero chose his part. In this state of things,
the National Congress employed itself in June, 1775, in organizing an
army, and, among other acts, appointed a commander-in-chief, four
major-generals, and eight brigadiers.

Of the latter description Montgomery was one. This unequivocal mark of
distinction, conferred by the highest acknowledged authority of the
country, without solicitation or privity on his part, was received by
him with a homage mingled with regret, apparently foreboding the
catastrophe which was soon to follow.

In a letter to a friend he says—“The Congress having done me the honor
of electing me a brigadier-general in their service, is an event which
must put an end for a while, perhaps forever, to the quiet scheme of
life I had prescribed for myself; for, though entirely unexpected and
undesired by me, the will of an oppressed people, compelled to choose
between liberty and slavery, must be obeyed.” Under these noble and
self-sacrificing views and feelings, Montgomery accepted the commission
tendered to him, and from that hour to the moment of his death, the
whole force of his mind and body was devoted to the honor and interest
of his adopted country. His principles of loyalty remained unshaken.
Love to our brethren whom we must oppose, the interchange of good
offices, which had so intimately knit the bands of friendship between
the two members, the memory of those days in which we fought under the
same banners; the vast fabric of mutual happiness raised by our union,
and ready to be dissolved by our dissensions; the annihilation of those
plans of improvement in which we were engaged for the glory of the
empire—all these considerations conspired to render this conflict
peculiarly abhorrent to him and every virtuous American, and could have
been outweighed by nothing earthly but the unquenchable love of liberty,
and that sacred duty which we owe to ourselves and our posterity.

The necessity of resistance was manifest, and no sophistry could
question our right. “In cases of national oppression,” says Blackstone,
“the nation hath very justifiably risen as one man to vindicate the
original contract subsisting between the king and the people.”—“If the
sovereign power threaten desolation to a state, mankind will not be
reasoned out of the feelings of humanity, nor sacrifice liberty to a
scrupulous adherence to political maxims.” Montgomery did not hesitate
to accept the commission, praying at the same time that “Heaven might
speedily reunite us in every bond of affection and interest; and that
the British empire might again become the envy and admiration of the
universe.” He was entrusted, jointly with General Schuyler, with the
expedition against Canada, but, in consequence of the illness of that
gentleman, the whole duty devolved upon him. There was benevolence in
the whole plan of this expedition. It was to be executed not so much by
force as by persuasion, and it was exactly suited to the genius of
Montgomery. He understood the blessings of a free government, and could
display them with captivating eloquence.

He had a soul great, disinterested, affectionate, delighting to
alleviate distress, and to diffuse happiness. He possessed an industry
not to be wearied, a vigilance that could not be eluded, and courage
equal to his other abilities. From the military character of the French
population in Canada, and its contiguity to the northern section of the
Union, it was determined to endeavor to neutralize powers so extended
and menacing. This invasion was determined on by two routes, the one by
the river Sorel, the other by the Kennebec; the army by the former route
were to act against Forts St. John, Chamblee, and Montreal; while the
second should enter Canada at or near Quebec, contemporaneously with the
other, and effect a junction, if possible, with Major-General Schuyler,
who should command in chief.

To the first of these armaments Montgomery was assigned, as the elder of
the two brigadiers. He accordingly hastened to Ticonderoga, the point
selected for the principal rendezvous and outfit of the projected
invasions. On arriving at his post his first object was to acquire a
correct knowledge of the force of the enemy and his position, and found
that General Carleton was at Montreal preparing a naval force intended
to act on Lake Champlain. He perceived at once the plan and the
necessity of its defeat, and at once took his post at the Isle-aux-Noix,
as the best point to carry his plan into execution. In a letter to
General Schuyler announcing his intention, he says—“Moving without your
orders, I do not like; but, on the other hand, the prevention of the
enemy is of the utmost consequence; for if he gets his vessels into the
lake, it is over with us for the present summer. Let me entreat you to
follow in a whale-boat, leaving some one to bring on the troops and
artillery. It will give the men great confidence in your spirit and
activity; and how necessary to a general this confidence is, I need not
tell you. I most earnestly wish that this suggestion may meet your
approbation, and be assured that I have your honor and reputation much
at heart. All my ambition is to do my duty in a subordinate capacity,
without the least ungenerous intention of lessening that merit, which is
justly your due.” He hastened with his corps of one thousand men, and
two pieces of light artillery, to begin his movement down the lake. It
was ten days, owing to the head winds, before he reached the position he
had selected. Major-General Schuyler arrived about the same time, and it
was thought a nearer approach to the enemy advisable. The movement was
ordered, and a landing effected without obstruction, about a mile and a
half from St. John’s. On the evening of their landing, after it was
dark, they were visited by a Canadian, who gave the following
information—

“That the twenty-sixth was the only regular British corps in Canada,
that with the exception of fifty men, retained by General Carleton at
Montreal, the whole of this was in garrison at St. John’s and Chamblee;
that these two forts were strongly fortified and abundantly supplied;
that one hundred Indians were at the former, and a large body collected
under Colonel Johnson; that the vessel intended for the lake would be
ready to sail in three or four days, and would carry sixteen guns; that
no Canadian would join the American army, the wish and policy of the
people being neutrality, provided their persons and property were
respected, and the articles furnished by, or taken from them, paid for
in gold or silver; that, under present circumstances, our attack upon
St. John’s would be imprudent; and lastly, that a return to the
Isle-aux-Noix would be proper, as from this point an intercourse with
the inhabitants of Laprairie might be usefully opened.” On hearing this
report a council of war was called, and it was decided to return to
their former position on the island. In General Schuyler’s report to
Congress we find the following—“I cannot estimate the many obligations
I lie under to General Montgomery for the many important services he has
done, and daily does, and in which he has had so little assistance from
me, as I have not enjoyed a moment’s health since I left Fort George,
and am now so low, as not to be able to hold the pen. Should we not be
able to do any thing decisively in Canada, I shall judge it best to move
from this place, which is a very wet and unhealthy part of the country,
unless I receive your orders to the contrary.”

With this manifest foreboding of eventual disappointment, the commanding
general left the camp and returned to Ticonderoga; and from thence to
Albany, where he was actively and usefully employed, during the
remainder of the campaign, in forwarding supplies to the army.
Montgomery remained at the island only long enough to receive a
reinforcement of men and a few pieces of artillery.

He then re-embarked, again landed at St. John’s, and commenced
operations for its investiture.

On the 18th of September, he marched with a party of five hundred men to
the north of the fort, where he met a considerable portion of the
garrison returning from the repulse of an American party under Major
Brown. A skirmish ensued, which in a few minutes terminated in the
repulse of the enemy, who fled in disorder. But for the timidity among
the Americans, the whole party might have been captured. General
Montgomery in speaking of his men says, “As soon as we saw the enemy,
the old story of treachery spread among the men; and the cry was, we are
trepanned and drawn under the guns of the fort. The woodsmen were less
expert in forming than I had expected, and too many of them hung back.
Had we kept more silence we should have taken a field-piece or two.”

Montgomery now determined to establish a camp at the junction of the two
roads leading to Chamblee and Montreal, in order to cut off supplies,
this he did, and defended it with a ditch, and a garrison of three
hundred men. But new difficulties appeared to arise. His artillery was
so light that it made little or no impression upon the walls, and the
artillerists raw and unskillful. And, added to all this, was the
insubordinate and mutinous conduct of his men, who, from constant
exposure to the damp and unhealthy climate, were suffering from attacks
of chills and fever; under these circumstances, the commander was
prevented from enforcing discipline.

In this painful situation, he was frequently forced to compromise with
professional dignity, and submit his own opinion to that of a board of
officers of inferior rank. To lessen the number and pressure of these
embarrassments, Montgomery decided on changing his position and removing
to the northwestern side of the fort; which, as he was informed, would
furnish ground of greater elevation and dryer face, with a sufficient
supply of wholesome water. The misfortunes of Montgomery appeared to
follow one after the other in rapid succession. To quiet the restless
activity of Ethan Allen, who, without commission or command, had forced
himself into the army as a volunteer, Montgomery sent him to Laprairie,
with an escort of thirty men, and orders to mingle freely with the
inhabitants, and so to treat them, as would best conciliate their
friendship and induce them to join the American standard. In the
commencement, Allen was not unsuccessful, for he added to his corps
fifty Canadians; when, either deceived in regard to the enemy’s
strength, or indifferent to its magnitude, and without direction or
privity on the part of his General, he determined to risk an attack on
Montreal. This insane attempt was met by a party of British who captured
him and thirty-eight of his followers.

Shortly after, another event took place, as fortunate as it was
unexpected, and which eventually decided the fate of the garrison. A
gentleman from New York, named James Livingston, had resided for a
considerable time in Canada, and by a proper course of conduct had won
the esteem of a large number of the inhabitants. Montgomery was so
fortunate as to enlist this gentleman in his favor, and prevailed on him
to raise an armed corps, under the promise of eventual protection, made
and promulgated by the order of Congress. With three hundred of these
newly raised recruits, Majors Brown and Livingston obtained possession
of Fort Chamblee, capturing the whole of the garrison, and a large
quantity of military stores, among which were one hundred and twenty-six
barrels of gunpowder. By this fortunate movement, General Carleton found
himself compelled to quit his insular position at Montreal, and risk a
field movement in defence of his fortress. The force at the disposal of
General Carleton, did not exceed twelve hundred men, and which was
composed partly of Canadian militia, who were serving with reluctance,
and emigrants from Scotland, recently engaged—in no way acquainted with
military duty.

On the 31st of October he crossed the St. Lawrence opposite Longueil,
whence he determined, after mustering his forces to march against the
besieging army. The movements of Sir Guy Carleton, though conducted with
considerable secrecy, did not escape the vigilant eye of Montgomery, who
had for some time expected such a proceeding. He had previously ordered
certain officers to take a position with two regiments on the Longueil
road, ordering them to patrol that route carefully and frequently, as
far as the St. Lawrence; to report daily to the commanding general such
information as he might be able to obtain, and to attack any part of the
enemy indicating an intention of moving in the direction of the American
camp.

These regiments, commanded by General Warner, arrived at Longueil on the
morning of the same day that Carleton was preparing to cross, but did
not display their force until the British had nearly reached the shore.
He then suddenly opened upon them with both musketry and artillery,
killing many of the soldiers, and scattering and disabling their boats.
By a most fortunate coincidence, at the same time, and with similar
orders, Easton, Brown, and Livingston approach McLean, who, losing all
hope of support from Carleton, hastily withdrew to his boats and
descended the St. Lawrence.

This gratifying intelligence was immediately communicated to General
Montgomery, who presented them in a written form to the commandant of
St. John’s, urging the impossibility of his deriving any relief from
Carleton, and the useless effusion of blood, which must necessarily
follow any attempt to prolong the defense. After proper consideration
the garrison surrendered. The next step to be taken, was a rapid
movement on Montreal, but which was much impeded by the disaffection of
the troops; this was only overcome by a promise of discharge at
Montreal. Under this arrangement, he was enabled to display a force in
front of the town, which on the 12th of November secured to him a full
and peaceable possession of it, and of eleven armed vessels left by the
enemy. Though now master of a great part of Canada, Montgomery’s labors,
far from becoming lighter or fewer, were much augmented in both number
and character.

The pursuit of Carleton, (who had retreated to his fleet, with the hope
of making his escape through that avenue; but finding this impossible,
entered a small boat with muffled oars, and at midnight passed through
the American fleet without being perceived and hurried on to Quebec,)
and an experiment on the strength of Quebec, were objects sufficiently
indicated by his own judgment, and the hopes of the nation. To prosecute
so desperate an action required means of which he was greatly deficient.

His situation described in a letter to R. R. Livingston, then a member
of Congress, is a faithful picture of the embarrassments under which he
labored. He says:

“I need not tell you that until Quebec is taken, Canada is unconquered;
and that to accomplish this we must resort to siege, investment, or
storm. The first of these is out of the question, from the difficulty of
making trenches in a Canadian winter, and the greater difficulty of
living in them, if we could make them; secondly, from the nature of the
soil, which, as I am at present instructed, renders mining
impracticable, and, were this otherwise, from the want of an engineer
having sufficient skill to direct the process; and thirdly, from the
fewness and lightness of our artillery, which is quite unfit to break
walls like those of Quebec. Investment has fewer objections, and might
be sufficient, were we able to shut out entirely from the garrison and
town the necessary supplies of food and fuel, during the winter, but to
do this well (the enemy’s works being very extensive and offering many
avenues to the neighboring settlements,) will require a large army, and
from present appearances mine will not, when brought together, much if
at all exceed eight hundred combatants. Of Canadians I might be able to
get a considerable number, provided I had hard money, with which to
clothe, feed, and pay their wages; but this is wanting. Unless,
therefore, I am soon and amply reinforced, investment, like siege must
be given up.

“To the storming plan there are fewer objections; and to this we must
come at last. If my force be small, Carleton’s is not great. The
extensiveness of his works, which, in case of investment, would favor
him, will in the other case favor us. Masters of our secret, we may
select a particular time and place for attack, and to repel this the
garrison must be prepared at all times and places; a circumstance, which
will impose upon it incessant watching and labor by day and by night;
which, in its undisciplined state, must breed discontents that may
compel Carleton to capitulate, or perhaps to make an attempt to drive us
off. In this last idea, there is a glimmering of hope. Wolfe’s success
was a lucky hit, or rather a series of such hits. All sober and
scientific calculation was against him, until Montcalm, permitting his
courage to get the better of his discretion, gave up the advantages of
his fortress and came out to try his strength on the plain.

“Carleton, who was Wolfe’s quartermaster-general, understands this well;
and, it is to be feared, will not follow the Frenchman’s example. In all
these views, you will discover much uncertainty; but of one thing you
may be sure, that, unless we do something before the middle of April,
the game will be up; because by that time the river may be open and let
in supplies and reinforcements to the garrison in spite of any thing we
can do to prevent it; and again, because my troops are not engaged
beyond that term, and will not be prevailed upon to stay a day longer.
In reviewing what I have said, you will find that my list of wants is a
long one, _men, money, artillery, and clothing accommodated to the
climate_. Of _ammunition_ Carleton took care to leave little behind him
at this place. What I wish and expect is, that all this be made known to
Congress, with a full assurance, that, if I fail to execute their wishes
or commands, it shall not be from any negligence of duty, or infirmity
of purpose on my part. _Vale, cave ne mandata frangas._”

On the 19th of November, General Arnold having crossed the St. Lawrence
in safety, was joined by Montgomery, and on the 4th of December, took a
position before Quebec. The first thing was to obtain a knowledge of the
extent and structure of the enemy’s works; the force and strength of his
garrison, and the means possessed by the inhabitants to supply the wants
of the troops.

Montgomery having satisfied himself on these points, next presented a
summons to surrender in the customary form, a cannonade of the fort from
a battery of five guns and one howitzer; a display of the American force
in full view of the British garrison, in the hope that the enemy would
forego a contest; but this was done without producing any effect. At
this moment a circumstance took place which threatened the whole project
with defeat. Three companies of Arnold’s detachment (whose term of
service was on the point of expiring) having taken offence at the
conduct of their commanding officer, the cause of which offence was
never properly explained; seized the present occasion to make known
their intention of quitting the army, unless, in the approaching
movement they were permitted to attach themselves to some other corps.
Upon investigating the affair, General Montgomery found the complaints
so absurd, that he promptly determined, in justice to Arnold, to reject
the proposal. But before officially announcing his decision, he thought
it most prudent to try what could be effected by expostulation; in this
attempt he finally succeeded, and brought them back to a sense of good
order and obedience, without coercive means. The mind of Montgomery was
not yet at ease, and suspecting that the flame of the late controversy
might not be extinguished, he resolved to call a council of war, in
which he submitted two questions,—“Shall we attempt the reduction of
Quebec by a night attack? And if so, shall the lower town be the place
attacked?” This seemed to infuse new life into the officers, and both
questions were affirmatively decided, the troops were ordered to parade
in three divisions at two o’clock in the morning of the 31st of
December; the New York regiments and part of Easton’s Massachusetts
militia, at Holland House; the Cambridge detachment and Lamb’s company
of artillerists, with one field-piece at Captain Morgan’s quarters; and
the two small corps of Livingston and Brown at their respective grounds
of parade. To the first and second of these divisions were assigned the
two assaults on the opposite sides of the lower town; and to the third,
a series of demonstrations or feigned attacks on different parts of the
upper. This arrangement was made to meet the expectations of colonies,
who looked to Montgomery for the capture of the capital, and speedy
reduction of the province. But they understood little of Montgomery’s
difficulties; the steep heights which fortified the upper town rendered
the passage from one to the other almost impassable. The number of
soldiers in the garrison consisted of about two hundred and seventy
marines and regulars, eight hundred militia, and four hundred and fifty
seamen. The movement began between three and four o’clock in the
morning, from the Heights of Abraham; Montgomery advancing at the head
of the first division by the river road, round the foot of Cape Diamond
to Aunce au Mere; and Arnold at the head of the second, through the
suburbs of St. Roque, to the Saut de Matelots. Both roads were so
obstructed by snow and thick masses of ice, as to render their progress
very difficult. These obstacles being at last surmounted, the first
barrier was approached, vigorously attacked, and rapidly carried, and
the troops after a moment’s pause pushed on to the second.

A moment, and but a moment, was now employed to re-excite the ardor of
the troops, which the fatigue of the march and the severity of the
weather had somewhat abated. “Men of New York,” exclaimed Montgomery,
“you will not fear to follow where your general leads—march on!” then
placing himself again in the front, he pressed eagerly forward to the
second; he assisted with his own hands in pulling up some pickets which
hindered the march. Near this place a barrier had been made across the
road, and from the windows of a low house, which formed part of it, were
planted two cannon. At his appearing upon a little rising ground, at the
distance of about twenty or thirty yards, the guns were discharged, and
the general with his aide-de-camps fell dead. Thus terminated the life
and labors of Major-general Richard Montgomery, in the thirty-ninth year
of his age.

Upon hearing of the death of their commander, both divisions made a
disorderly and hasty retreat to the Heights of Abraham.

The fortune of the day being now decided, the corpse of the fallen
general was eagerly sought for and soon found. When the corpse of
Montgomery was shown to Carleton, the heart of that noble officer
melted. They had served in the same regiment under Wolfe, and the most
friendly relation existed between them throughout the whole of the
French war. The lieutenant-governor of Quebec, M. Cramahé, ordered a
coffin to be prepared for him, and decently interred within the walls of
the city, where friends and enemies united in expressions of sorrow, as
his remains were conveyed to their final resting-place. Ramsey, in his
History of the Revolution, has the following appropriate remarks:

“Few men have ever fallen in battle so much regretted on both sides as
General Richard Montgomery. His many amiable qualities had procured him
an uncommon share of private affection; and his great abilities an equal
proportion of public esteem. Being a sincere lover of liberty, he had
engaged in the American cause from principle, and quitted the enjoyment
of an easy fortune, and the highest domestic felicity, to take an active
share in the fatigues and dangers of a war instituted for the defense of
the community of which he was an adopted member. His well-known
character was almost equally esteemed by the friends and foes of the
side of which he espoused. In America he was celebrated as a martyr to
the liberties of mankind; in Great Britain, as a misguided good man,
sacrificing to what he supposed to be the rights of his country.

His name was mentioned in Parliament with singular respect. Some of the
most powerful speakers in that assembly displayed their eloquence in
sounding his praise and lamenting his fate. Those in particular who had
been his fellow soldiers in the previous war, expatiated on his many
virtues. The minister himself acknowledged his worth, while he
reprobated the cause for which he fell. He concluded an involuntary
panegyric by saying, “Curse on his virtues, they have undone his
country.”

“In this brief story of a short and useful life,” says his biographer,
“we find all the elements which enter into the composition of a great
man and a distinguished soldier; a happy physical organization,
combining strength and activity, and enabling its possessor to encounter
laborious days and sleepless nights, hunger and thirst, all changes of
weather, and every variation of climate.

“To these corporeal advantages was added a mind, cool, discriminating,
energetic, and fearless; thoroughly acquainted with mankind, not
uninstructed in the literature and sciences of the day, and habitually
directed by a high and unchangeable moral sense. That a man so
constituted should have won the golden opinions of friends and foes, is
not extraordinary. The most eloquent men of the British Senate became
his panegyrists; and the American Congress hastened to testify for him
their grateful remembrance, profound respect, and high veneration. A
monument to his memory was accordingly erected, on which might justly be
inscribed the impressive lines of the poet:

        ‘Brief, brave, and glorious was his young career;
        His mourners were two hosts—his friends and foes;
        And fitly may the stranger, lingering here,
        Pray for his gallant spirit’s bright repose;
        For he was Freedom’s Champion, one of those,
        The few in number, who had not o’erstept
        The charter to chastise, which she bestows
        On such as wield her weapons; he had kept
        The whiteness of his soul, and thus men o’er him wept.’

“To express the high sense entertained by his country of his services,
Congress directed a monument of white marble, with the following
inscription on it, which was executed by Mr. Cassiers, at Paris, and was
placed in front of St. Paul’s church, New York:

                             THIS MONUMENT
                        was erected by order of
                     Congress, 25th January, 1776,
                        to transmit to posterity
                     a grateful remembrance of the
                  patriotism, conduct, enterprise, and
                             perseverance,
                            OF MAJOR-GENERAL
                          RICHARD MONTGOMERY,
                   who, after a series of successes,
                       amid the most discouraging
                    difficulties, fell in the attack
                               on Quebec,
                          31st December, 1775,
                             aged 39 years.

“The remains of General Montgomery, after resting forty-two years at
Quebec, were, by a resolution of the Legislature of the State of New
York, brought to the city on the 8th day of July, 1818, and deposited
with an imposing solemnity suited to the occasion, near the monument
erected by order of the United States. The following inscription was
placed upon the additional coffin. ‘The State of New York, in honor of
General Richard Montgomery, who fell gloriously fighting for the
Independence and Liberty of the United States, before the walls of
Quebec, the 31st of December, 1775, cause these remains of this
distinguished hero to be conveyed from Quebec, and deposited on the 8th
day of July, 1818, in St. Paul’s Church, in the city of New York, near
the monument erected to his memory.’”

It has been stated in several histories of this lamented officer, that
the body was privately interred in the evening by a few soldiers; but
this is not true; and justice to his generous adversary requires that we
should vindicate the reputation of the lieutenant-general of Canada from
such a stigma. John Joseph Henry, Esq., who was under Montgomery, and
being taken by the enemy, had an opportunity of witnessing the honors
that were paid to his memory, writes thus: “It was on this day that my
heart was ready to burst with grief at viewing the funeral of our
beloved general. Sir Guy Carleton had, in our former wars with the
French, been the friend and fellow-soldier of Montgomery. Though
political opinion, perhaps ambition or interest, had thrown these
worthies on different sides of the great question, yet the former could
not but honor the remains of his quondam friend. About noon the
procession passed our quarters. It was a mournful sight. The coffin,
covered with a black pall, surmounted by transverse swords, was borne by
men. The regular troops, particularly that fine body of men, the seventh
regiment, with reversed arms, and scarfs on the left arm, accompanied
the corpse to the grave. The funeral of the other officers, both friends
and enemies, were performed the same day. Many and deeply heartfelt were
the tears of affection shed that day; of affection for those who were no
more, and of greeting and thankfulness toward Carleton. The British
soldiery and inhabitants appeared affected by the loss of this
invaluable man, though he was their enemy. If such men as Washington,
Carleton, and Montgomery, had had the entire direction of the adverse
war, the contention in the event might have happily terminated to the
advantage of both sections of the nation.”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                             THE TWO PALMS.


                         BY HENRY T. TUCKERMAN.


    As the last column of a temple vanished,
      A Palm-tree, in a city of the West,
    Stood, like a hero from his country banished,
      A proud though lonely guest.

    Perchance its birth-place was a holy mountain,
      Or radiant valley of some tropic isle,
    Near pyramid, or mosque, or wayside fountain,
      By Jordan or the Nile.

    And oft its high and tufted crest beholding,
      In each vibration of the arching leaves,
    A plaintive strain I seemed to hear unfolding,
      As when an exile grieves.

    For solemn is the air of isolation,
      And that lone offspring of the desert wild
    Wore to my eye a look of consecration,
      That sympathy beguiled.

    No more around it eastern balms were stealing,
      But smoke and dingy vapors of the town,
    No Moslem in its pillared shade was kneeling,
      Nor caravan sunk down.

    Before it once the sandy ridges heaving,
      Spread like an ocean, limitless and free,
    And the mirage its panorama weaving,
      Rose beautiful to see!

    Now waves of eager life beneath it swelling,
      With restless care mock oriental ease,
    And chimney-stacks, tiled roof and murky dwelling,
      Shut out the sun and breeze.

    Yet even here I marked, each day, appearing
      An aged Syrian, sorrowful and calm,
    With folded arms, wan smile, and looks endearing
      Cast on the lonely Palm.

    And once he murmured, as the night descended,
      While gazing fondly through unconscious tears,
    “Fair tree, _the promise of thy life is ended_,
      _For here thou hast no peers_.”

    How near the good we distantly are craving!
      The Syrian long had weary vigil kept—
    One morn his country’s tree was gaily waving—
      It blossomed while he slept!

    Some far-off nook of that vast city treasured
      Another Palm by careless eyes unseen,
    That drearily the lingering years had measured,
      Yet put forth shoots of green;

    Until its ripened flower-dust uplifting,
      On the strong currents of the tideless air,
    With certain aim to his pent garden drifting,
      A mate encountered there!

    Thus seeds of Truth their noiseless flight are winging,
      And Love instinctively steals through the crowd,
    To hearts receptive consolation bringing,
      They may not breathe aloud!

    Accept the omen, thou who toilest lonely,
      And patiently Life’s blossoming await,
    Where God has planted thee be faithful only,
      And thou shalt conquer Fate!

                 *        *        *        *        *



                       “A MERE ACT OF HUMANITY.”


                            A SLIGHT SKETCH.


                          BY GRACE GREENWOOD.


             “Health to the art whose glory is to give
             The crowning boon that makes it life to live.”
                                                    HOLMES.

Start not, my fastidious reader, when I announce that the young
gentleman, in whose favor and fortunes I would enlist your friendly
sympathies, as the hero of this sketch, is, or rather was, a _medical
student_. Now I am very well aware that medical students are
proverbially “hard cases”—wild, spreeing, careless, skeptically
inclined young gentlemen, whose handkerchiefs smell of ether, and whose
gloves are strongly suggestive of rhubarb; whose talk runs large, with
bold jests on _grave subjects_, sly anatomical allusions, and startling
hints at something

            “Mair horrible and awfu’,
        Which e’en to name wad be unlawfu’,”

and whose very laughter has a sort of bony-rattle about it.

But our friend, Will Ashley, fortunately belonged not to the Bob Sawyer
and Ben Allen class of Esculapian disciples. He was a man of refinement,
intellect, education, and principle—pleasing address, fine person, and
good family. Republican as I am, I can but think much of _good
blood_—pure and honorable blood, I mean. He had no bravado, no
pretension, no recklessness, no skepticism about him. He chose his
profession at the first, from a real, natural leaning that way, and
pursued it with true enthusiasm and untiring constancy; and this
partiality and devotion have been rewarded with the happiest success.
Dr. Ashley is now regarded by his many patients, with a remarkable
confidence and affection. To them, there seems “healing in the very
creak of his shoes on the stairs,” his cheerful smile lights up the sick
room like sunshine; his gentle words and sympathetic tones are as balm
and “freshening oil” to hearts and minds, wounded and distempered with
the body, and his bright laugh and playful wit are a positive tonic to
the weak and nervous and fearful. But I am anticipating; my story has
perhaps most to do with the student-life of Ashley.

When William was quite young—a mere boy indeed, he became much attached
to a pretty cousin of his own—a gentle, dark-eyed, Southern girl, who
made her home for some years with his mother and sister, in the quiet,
New England city of H——, where she was attending school.

Jessie Archer was, in truth, a lovely creature—with a heart full of all
good and kindly feelings—with a soft, endearing manner, but with very
little strength of character, or stability of purpose. She tenderly
loved her Northern relatives, and parted from them at last, from her
cousin William in particular, with many tears and passionate expressions
of regret. She was not positively betrothed to this cousin—such a
measure would have been opposed by their friends, on account of the
extreme youth of the parties—but she knew well his love and his dear
hope—that he looked upon her as his future bride, and she was well
content with this understanding.

As a matter of course, and lover-like necessity, William Ashley
corresponded with his cousin. At first, the letters on both sides were
frequent, long, and confidential; but after the first year of absence,
those of Miss Jessie changed gradually in their tone, and became “few
and far between.” But William, who was faithful and believing, made a
thousand kind excuses for this, and continued to write out of his own
affectionate and changeless heart. But at length his Jessie ceased to
write altogether. Two months went by, and then poor Ashley, in much
distressful anxiety, wrote to her, entreating to be told the cause of
her strange silence. There came a reply at last—a brief reply, written
in the dear, familiar hand, but bearing for a signature, a strange name.
She had been a fortnight married to a wealthy Virginia planter.

This home-thrust at his heart by a beloved hand; this sudden
annihilation of his dearest hopes, by her whose sweet source and centre
they had been, almost prostrated the young student, mind and body. He
was proud, sensitive, and twenty-one; he had the heart and was at the
age to feel acutely, to suffer and despair. His ambition died out—his
energies flagged—then his appetite _went by the board_; his eye grew
spiritless, his step heavy, and his cheek pale. “He must give up study,”
said his mother. “He must take a journey,” said his sister, speaking one
word for him and two for herself. This last proposition, which was
strongly pressed, was finally acceded to; and the young gentleman set
forth, dispirited and ill, under the care, (“protection,” she called
it,) of his charming sister, Ellen. They went directly West, for a visit
to the Falls; the very journey which William had always looked forward
to as his bridal-tour. Now it seemed but to depress and sadden him the
more; he was restless, moody, and abstracted—the very worst
traveling-companion possible to have. Ellen found it exceedingly
difficult to divert him from his melancholy thoughts and tender
recollections, “pleasant and mournful to the soul.” The fine scenery
along their route, constantly reminded him of the double pleasure he had
anticipated in first viewing it with his beautiful bride.

At Buffalo, our travelers took the afternoon boat for Chippewa. It was a
bright and breezy day, early in in July—water, earth and sky were lit
up gloriously by the declining sun, as they swept down that grand,
immortal river. As the brother and sister stood on deck, silently
drinking in the rare beauty of the scene and hour, they noticed a party
near them, distinguished amid all the crowd, by a certain quiet elegance
of dress and manner, with a bearing of perhaps unconscious superiority.
This was a family party, and consisted of an elderly gentleman, Mr.
Harley, a wealthy banker, and an honorable citizen of New York—his
wife, a sweet, motherly-looking woman—their daughter, Juliet, a fair
and delicate girl of eighteen, and their only son, Master Fred, a lad of
nine or ten.

Ashley was a thorough republican—poor and proud; and being now more
than usually inclined to coldness and reserve, instinctively shrunk from
all contact with this party, in whom he at once recognized the air
patrician and exclusive. But toward evening, Mr. Harley made some
courteous advances, and finally succeeded in getting up quite a free and
animated conversation with his young fellow-traveler, with whose
well-bred air and thoughtful countenance he had been attracted and
impressed. They discoursed on the magnificent scenery around them, then
on the battles and sieges, bold generalship and grand fighting which had
made classic ground of the wild Niagara frontier; and Ashley, who was an
admirable talker, soon became earnest and even eloquent, in spite of
himself. All at once, in looking up, he met the beautiful blue eyes of
Miss Juliet fixed upon him with evident interest and admiration. The
young lady dropped her gaze instantly, while a deep blush suffused her
bright, ingenuous face. An involuntary thrill of pleasure agitated the
heart of Ashley, and his cold eye kindled with a new fire; but as
thought returned—the thought of all the fickleness and coquetry, and
heartlessness of woman, his brow clouded, he bit his lip, and with a few
hasty words, turned abruptly, and drawing his sister’s arm within his
own, walked to the side of the vessel, and there stood, silently and
moodily, gazing down into the darkening waters and off into the
deepening twilight.

Owing to some detention, the boat was later than usual, so that it was
quite dark when they landed at Chippewa. On leaving the boat, Mr. Ashley
and his sister found themselves directly behind the party with whom they
had been conversing. Mr. Harley looking round and seeing them, began
making some inquiries respecting the hotel of which they had made
choice, when Master Fred, who, in his boyish independence, was walking
alone, suddenly stumbled and fell—fell from the broad plank over which
they were passing, into the river below. There were screams and shouts,
and rushings to and fro, but no rescue was attempted, until Ashley,
breaking from the clinging hold of his sister, leaped boldly into the
deep, dark water. For a few moments, which seemed an age to the
spectators, he searched in vain along the narrow space between the
vessel and the wharf, but finally he espied the lad’s head appearing
from under the boat, caught, and drew forth the already insensible
child, and greatly exhausted himself, swam back to the plank with his
precious burden. They were drawn on board together with joyful shouts
and earnest thanksgiving.

As Ashley stood in the gangway, staggering and half blind, the crowd
cheering and pressing around him, his sister flung her arms about his
neck, and hung upon him, laughing and weeping hysterically. But the poor
fellow was faint and chilled, and strove to release himself from her
passionate embrace. But just as he stood free, he felt his hand clasped,
but gently, timidly, and looking round, saw Miss Harley at his side. She
hastily raised that cold, wet hand to her warm, quivering lips, and
kissed it gratefully, while her tears, her irrepressible tears, fell
upon it, as she murmured—“God bless you! God in heaven bless you!” and
then hurried away to attend upon her brother, who had been carried back
into the cabin. The little lad soon recovered sufficiently to be able to
join the party, who together took their way to the Clifton House.

That night, after supper, which he had served in a private parlor, Mr.
Harley sought the room of Ashley—his heart overflowing with gratitude
toward the young hero, and his thoughts busy with plans of generous
recompense. At the door he met a servant bearing away a wet
traveling-suit, which sight quickened even more his warm and kindly
feelings. He entered, to find Mr. Ashley wrapt in a dressing-gown,
sitting by a table, his head bent down on his hands, a plate of light
food, almost untasted, and a cup of tea, half drank, pushed back from
before him. He was looking even paler and more spiritless than usual. In
fact, our friend was completely exhausted by the excitement and exertion
of the evening, and consequently deepened in moodiness and reserve. He
rose, however, as his visiter entered, and bowing politely, begged him
to be seated. But Mr. Harley came forward, took his hand, and pressing
it warmly, looked kindly into that pale, quiet face, his own countenance
all a-glow, and tears actually glistening in his deep-set, gray eyes.
Ashley cast down his own eyes in painful embarrassment, which Mr. Harley
perceiving, took the proffered chair, and strove to converse awhile on
indifferent topics. But he soon came round to the subject nearest his
heart—dwelt long and at large on his paternal joy and gratitude, not
seeming to heed the impatience of his sensitive auditor, and finally
closed with,

“I trust that there is some way in which I can _prove_ my gratitude—in
part reward you for your generous heroism. Tell me, my dear young
friend, can I repay you in any way?”

To Ashley’s jealous ear there was a tone of patronage—an insulting
jingle of the banker’s purse in these words, at which he involuntarily
drew himself up, and curled his short upper-lip; and when Mr. Harley
earnestly repeated his question, thus:

“Is there no way in which I can serve you?” he replied with a sort of
nonchalant hauteur,

“Yes; by never mentioning this little circumstance again. I but did for
your son what I would do for any fellow-creature. It was _a mere act of
humanity_, I assure you.”

Mr. Harley, quite taken aback, chilled, and withal deeply hurt, rose at
once, and with a stately bow and a cold “good-night,” parted from the
rescuer of his child, the young hero, with whom five minutes before he
would have divided his fortune. Tired and indifferent, Ashley flung
himself upon his bed, and slept soundly till late in the morning; then
rose with a headache, made a light breakfast, and hurried down to
Table-Rock with his sister, who had been up since daybreak, impatiently
awaiting his appearance.

Ashley was long lost in that first contemplation of the grand scene
before him; his soul seemed born to a new life—a new world of beauty,
and power, and dread, overwhelming sublimity.

The day was wondrously beautiful, and floods of sunlight were mingling
with the waters, and pouring over that stupendous precipice; into the
darkest deeps fell the fearless, glad sunbeams, sounding like golden
plummets those terrible abysses. There hung the rainbow, and Ellen, as
she gazed, remarked a wild-bird, who seemed sporting in the spray, pass
through the illuminated arch, and become glorified in its midst; and it
seemed to her like an innocent, confiding spirit, coming near to the
might and grandeur of Deity, through the beautiful gateway of love.

Ashley was at length roused from his trance of high-wrought rapture, by
feeling a small, timid hand laid on his arm, and turned to see Master
Fred standing at his side, with a faint glow on his cheek, and an
affectionate pleasure shining in his sunken eye. The lad, to-day
something of an invalid, was accompanied and half-supported by a
servant. Ashley felt an instinctive attraction toward this child, who
was a fine, intelligent boy, by the way, and talked with him more kindly
and familiarly than he had ever felt disposed to converse with the elder
Harley.

On leaving the rock, the Ashleys overtook Mr. Harley with his wife and
daughter. Juliet blushed painfully, as her eye met that of William, but
he bowed and smiled, as she bade the brother and sister, “Good-morning.”
Mr. Harley merely lifted his hat, but Mrs. Harley, who had been so
absorbed the evening previous by her intense anxiety for her son, as
almost to forget his brave rescuer, now, dropping the arm of her
husband, and grasping the hand of the young student, poured the whole
story of her boundless gratitude, of her deep, immeasurable joy, into
his _not_ willing ear. But after all, the blessing of that mother sunk
into his heart—a good heart, though somewhat wayward, and sadly out of
harmony with life just now.

A short time after this, Ashley again saw Miss Harley. They met in a
fearful place, behind the sheet, on Termination Rock—the secret, dread
abode, the dim, awful sanctuary of sublimity.

Even then, Ashley, exalted by poetry, solemnized by grandeur as he was,
could but remark the miracle of beauty which made the young lady look
lovely as ever in the rude, grotesque costume, the clumsy waterproof
dress provided for this adventurous expedition. He next noticed the
fearless, yet awe-struck enthusiasm, the high, rapt expression of her
face, as, sheltering her eyes from the storm of spray with her fair
hand, she gazed upward, to where the huge columns of water, dark-green,
and snowy-white, leaped over the shelving precipice, and plunged with a
thunderous roar into the black abyss at her side.

In after days he often thought of that fair creature, as she thus
appeared—so young, so delicate, yet so brave—so lost to herself almost
to life, in a deep trance of awe and adoration. He often thought of her
thus, as his last sight of her; for after this they parted—he and Ellen
passing over to the American side, saw no more of the Harleys during
their brief stay at the Falls.

Ashley was, almost in spite of himself, much improved in health and
spirits by travel; and on his return resumed his studies with a sort of
dogged devotion, if not with all his old enthusiasm. Yet sometimes, as
formerly, the vision of a fair being would come to disturb and distract
his thoughts—would flit across his humble room, be almost palpably
present to his waking dreams. But it hardly seemed the “lovely young
Jessie,” the “beloved of his early years;” this was a fairer, slighter
form, clad, oddly enough, in a heavy dress of yellow oil-cloth, with a
sort of hood, which, half-falling back, revealed a sweet face, all
glorified by sublime adoration. He saw—how distinctly he saw, the deep,
abstracted eyes, the bright, parted lips—ah, those lips! whenever he
recalled _them_ by some mysterious association, his eye would fall on
his own right hand—a tolerably symmetrical hand, surely, but with
nothing more peculiar about it, that I could ever see.

The fall succeeding the journey to Niagara, William Ashley received his
diploma, and the next spring opened an office in his native city. Not
possessing wealth, or much family-influence, and being young and modest,
he had at first few, very few calls. But he was always at his post,
never employed his leisure unworthily, or was idle or desponding. He
studied as diligently as ever, and waited patiently for those patients
whom he rested assured, in the future—the fair, golden future—were
“bound to come.”

It happened that the young physician’s way home from his office, lay
past, and very near to the elegant residence of Mr. N——, a wealthy and
somewhat distinguished citizen of H——; and, pouring through the open
windows of this mansion, he one night heard the sweetest singing that
had ever met his ear. It was a clear, fresh contralto voice, artistic in
execution, yet sweet, and full of feeling.

Ashley, a fine singer himself, was passionately fond of music; and he
lingered long before that house, walking up and down beneath the thick
shadows of the grand old elms.

This was but the beginning of pleasure; night after night, for some
weeks, found the young physician in the same spot, when he was almost
always so happy as to hear that rare, delicious singing, thrilling and
quivering through the still and dewy air. It was generally accompanied
by the piano; but sometimes he would see a gay group on the piazza, and
among them a slight figure in white, looking very fair and delicate in
the moonlight; then there would come the tinkling of a guitar, and sweet
love-lays of Italy, or wild ballads of Spain.

And thus it went on, till Ashley, the invisible listener, had become
altogether enchanted, spell-bound—_in love with a voice_, till fast and
far in the dim distance, faded away that late familiar vision in yellow
oil-cloth and falling hood, and fair, kindling countenance. He now spent
as many hours over his books as ever, but his thoughts, alas! were far
enough from the page; for, to tell the truth, and expose his boyish
folly, he was constantly dreaming out the form and features of the dear,
unknown—of her with the voice. Unlike his former self, he now looked
searchingly at the fair promenaders whom he met on the street, and he
there saw pretty young ladies enough, but no one in whom he recognized
his idea of the sweet singer.

At length the hour of good fortune came alike to the physician and to
the lover.

Just at sunset, one pleasant evening, a young horseman came dashing up
to Dr. Ashley’s office, to summon him to a lady who had dislocated her
ankle in springing from her horse. Our hero’s heart beat quick as the
messenger directed him to the house of Mr. N. The doctor was shown into
a small parlor, where, on a lounge, clad in a white wrapper, reclined
his first patient. A wealth of rich, golden hair, somewhat disheveled,
first attracted Ashley’s eye; there was something strangely familiar in
those bright curls, and he was not taken altogether by surprise when
Mrs. N—— presented him to her niece, “_Miss Harley_.”

The lady was lying with her hands over her face, to conceal the tears
drawn forth by her acute suffering; but at the mention of the doctor’s
name, she removed them, and looked up eagerly, smiling in the midst of
her pain, with pleasure and surprise.

But this was no time for more than a simple recognition, and the next
moment saw the doctor bending professionally over the throbbing and
swollen foot of the sufferer.

The setting of the dislocated joint caused this young girl excruciating
torture; but she bore herself through all with heroic patience—the
silent resignation of a true woman.

Yet when all was over—the ankle bound up, and a composing draught
administered, as the doctor took leave of his interesting patient, he
saw that her cheek was deathly pale, and that her lips quivered
convulsively.

From that time, for some weeks, day after day, the young physician might
have been seen (by Mrs. N——) kneeling by the side of Miss Juliet’s
couch—bending over that poor foot, bathing and dressing it, watching
with intense interest the subsiding of the swelling, and the
disappearance of the discoloration, till it became at last white and
delicate, like its mate and former fellow-traveler.

It is strange how, through all this time, the late music-mad young
gentleman existed without listening to the beloved voice, for now,
through the windows of that parlor, through the vines and roses of that
piazza, no sweet singing floated out into the moonlight.

I told you, dear reader, that Dr. Ashley used to kneel by Juliet’s side
to dress her ankle; but when that was better—very much better, almost
well, indeed, and clad in silken hose and slipper—it happened that
once, when quite alone with his fair patient, at the dreamy twilight
hour, the doctor suddenly found himself, by the force of habit, I
suppose, in his old position. This time Miss Juliet bent over him till
her hand lay on his shoulder—till her long, bright curls touched his
forehead, till they mingled in with his own dark locks. She said but a
word or two, and the young practitioner sprung up, impulsively and
joyfully, and took a prouder position by the side of his beloved
patient. His arm was soon about her slight waist—to support her,
probably, as her recent indisposition had left her but weak; her hand
was in his own; and as he held it thus, he mentally observed—“Quite the
quickest pulse I have ever felt.”

Miss Harley called herself well, but she did not seem perfectly so,
while she remained with her relatives in H——; at least her physician
called more and more frequently, nor did it appear that her poor ankle
ever quite regained its strength; for when she took her evening strolls
with Dr. Ashley, they were observed to saunter along slowly, and she was
seen to lean heavily on the arm of her companion.

It is said that there are men who think that a slight lameness imparts a
new interest to a lovely woman—and Dr. Ashley was probably one of
these.

One fine morning, early in September, Mr. Ogden Harley, the rich banker,
and respectable citizen, was seated in his cushioned arm-chair, in his
elegant library, in his princely residence in Waverly Place, in the city
of Gotham. He was looking as easy and comfortable as usual—as well
pleased with the world, and its ways in general, and its ways toward
himself in particular; and even more than usually happy and genial.

Mr. Harley was not alone on this morning. There was then and there
present a young man, rather tall, and quite handsome, modestly, yet
elegantly dressed—(our friend, the doctor, to let you into the secret,
dear reader)—who, with a very red face, and in a manner half proud,
half fearful, was just making a confidant of the old gentleman—telling
him a love-story of his own, in short. The good man seemed greatly
interested in this history, badly told as it was; and at its close, he
rose, quite hastily for one of his aldermanic proportions, and going up
to his visiter, and laying his hand kindly on his shoulder, said,

“With all my heart—with all my heart! I will give you my Juliet, and
place her fortune in your hands—for I honor and like you, young man.”

Ashley, quite overcome, could only stammer out,

“Oh, Mr. Harley, my dear sir, how can I ever repay you for this
goodness—this great kindness!”

“_By never mentioning this little circumstance again!_” replied Mr.
Harley, with a roguish twinkle of the eye. “I saw, my dear boy, what a
sad condition you were in, and this is A Mere Act of Humanity, I
assure you.’”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                      KING WITLAF’S DRINKING HORN.


                        BY HENRY W. LONGFELLOW.


    Witlaf, a king of the Saxons,
      Ere yet his last he breathed,
    To the merry monks of Croyland
      His drinking-horn bequeathed;

    That whenever they sat at their revels
      And drank from the golden bowl
    They might remember the donor,
      And breathe a prayer for his soul.

    So sat they once at Christmas,
      And bade the goblet pass;
    In their beards the red wine glistened
      Like dew-drops in the grass.

    They drank to the soul of Witlaf,
      They drank to Christ the Lord,
    And to each of the Twelve Apostles,
      Who had preached his holy word.

    They drank to the Saints and Martyrs
      Of the dismal days of yore,
    And as soon as the horn was empty,
      They remembered one Saint more.

    And the Reader droned from the pulpit,
      Like the murmur of many bees,
    The legend of good Saint Guthlac,
      And Saint Basil’s homilies;

    Till the great bells of the convent,
      From their prison in the tower,
    Guthlac and Bartholomæus,
      Proclaimed the midnight hour.

    And the Yule-log cracked in the chimney,
      And the Abbot bowed his head,
    And the flamelets flapped and flickered,
      But the Abbot was stark and dead!

    Yet still in his pallid fingers
      He clutched the golden bowl,
    In which, like a pearl dissolving,
      Had sunk and dissolved his soul.

    But not for this their revels
      The jovial monks forbore,
    For they cried, “Fill high the goblet!
      We must drink to one Saint more!”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                STANZAS:


    TO A FRIEND, WHO COMPLAINED OF WINTER AS A SEASON OF ENDURANCE.


                           BY A. D. WILLIAMS.


    What if the snowy drapery
      Of winter clothe the earth,
    And rude “north-westers” chase thee
      To the quiet fireside hearth?

    And if the sportive wildness
      Of others please thee not;
    If summer’s balmy mildness
      Comes not from grove or grot?

    If in the narrowed towers
      Of granite walls and gray,
    Thy spirit mourns the flowers,
      Through all the live-long day?

    The muses still are beaming
      Their radiance on thy way;
    With light and beauty gleaming—
      Dread shadows flit away.

    And Art the breast is filling
      With generous impulse, free;
    The Poet’s lyre is thrilling
      The soul with melody.

    The student’s vigil proffers
      The hope-lit spirit’s aim;
    And honored duty offers
      What truth and virtue claim.

    And friendship true is smiling
      In confidence and joy,
    The lonely hours beguiling.
      With sweet and loved employ.

    Nor think that oft it fadeth,
      On earth’s cold chilling stream,
    Through many a heart pervadeth,
      More than a “poet’s dream!”

    And should thy soul be weary
      Of mundane joys and ill,
    Yet think not winter dreary,
      For heaven the soul can thrill.

    Bright, strong-winged Hope is pointing
      In gladness to the skies,
    And Faith, with Heaven’s anointing,
      Bids brighter visions rise.

    Then, call not winter dreary,
      Sigh not for summer’s joy,
    Nor let thy soul be weary
      With dutiful employ.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                              THE RUMSEYS:


        OR THE PEOPLE WHO KNEW EVERY BODY AND WHOM NOBODY KNEW.


                          BY AGNES L. GORDON.


“My dear Mrs. Armitage, I am delighted to see you; I have just this
moment heard of your return, and hastened to claim the privilege of an
old friend, in being the first to welcome you home again.”

So saying, little Mrs. Grey carefully navigated her way amid the piles
of trunks and band-boxes that strewed the hall, and warmly saluted her
friend, who was superintending the arrangement of the baggage.

After the first greetings were over, Mrs. Armitage led her visiter into
the drawing-room, that looked cheerless enough, draped in brown Holland
and shrouded in gloom. When the ladies were seated upon one of the
veiled divans, Mrs. Armitage said—

“I need not apologize to you, my dear Mrs. Grey, for the disorder in
which you find me. We have but just arrived, and the covers are not yet
removed from the furniture—nothing is in readiness for our reception,
because our return is entirely unexpected. Mr. Armitage was obliged to
be in the city, or we should have staid at least a fortnight longer. I
am quite at a loss to know how you should so soon have heard of our
arrival.”

“Why, I called upon Mrs. Leonard, this morning,” replied her guest, “and
there met your friend Mrs. Rumsey, who came down in the cars with your
party; she said she had just parted with you, and on that hint I rushed
off, regardless of etiquette, that I might give you the warm welcoming I
felt.”

Mrs. Armitage pressed her friend’s hand in acknowledgment, and then with
a puzzled look exclaimed:

“Mrs. Rumsey! Who in the name of wonder is she? I know no person of that
name, neither have I any recollection of it.”

“Not know her!” ejaculated Mrs. Grey, now surprised in turn. “Not know
her!—impossible! Why she was entertaining Mrs. Leonard with a long
account of your sayings and doings, and went off in ecstasies over
Helen’s beauty and musical talent.”

“Very strange!” repeated the other lady, musingly. “Mrs.
Rumsey—Rumsey—I cannot remember any such person. However, there were
so many people at the hotel that I did not see half of them, and of
course only made acquaintance with those who pleased me. Certainly this
Mrs. Rumsey was not among the number.”

“Well, you certainly must have had some conversation with her,” said
Mrs. Grey, “else she would not have repeated remarks that you made to
her, and beside she told us how very intimate Helen was with her
daughters, and what delightful strolls you all took together. Perhaps
you have not heard her name aright?”

“Perhaps not,” answered Mrs. Armitage; “what kind of looking person is
she?”

“Oh!” replied her friend, smiling, “she has not much in appearance to
delight one, certainly, though her _tout ensemble_ is rather striking,
and I should think not easily forgotten. She is rather short, and rather
thin, with a quantity of light frizzed curls, surmounted with pink
flowers and marabout feathers—she seems to make up in drapery what she
lacks in solidity, and wears deep flounces, and a quantity of lace
trimming, beside a very elegant watch and chatelaine. Altogether, she
was rather over-dressed, but must be of some standing, for I heard her
mention many of our first families in the most familiar manner.”

“And perhaps with no more claim to their acquaintance than she has to
mine,” replied Mrs. Armitage in a provoked tone, for she prided herself
a little upon her rank in the world of fashion. “I am sure I have no
acquaintance with the person whom you describe, and as for her
daughters—but here comes Helen, let her answer for herself.”

As she spoke Helen Armitage entered the room. She was a graceful,
beautiful girl of eighteen, with a decided style, though quiet in
manner, and justified the proud glance which her mother bestowed upon
her, as she advanced to welcome Mrs. Grey, who was deservedly loved by
all the family.

“My dear Helen how well you are looking,” exclaimed their visiter.
“Really you fully deserve all the encomiums that I have heard lavished
upon you this morning by the mother of your friends, the Miss Rumseys.”

“Helen, who are these Rumseys who seem to know us so well? I have no
recollection of them,” interrupted her mother.

“Really, mamma, I cannot tell,” replied Helen with a smile. “I think
there must be a mistake—where did they say they had met us, Mrs. Grey?”

Mrs. Grey then repeated all she had previously said, and added—“You
must surely remember them, Helen, since I understand that the young Mr.
Rumsey, Samuel Rumsey, junior, was your devoted cavalier.”

Helen shook her head—“I do not think I can claim the gentleman as upon
my list of admirers,” she said laughing; “and as for the young ladies, I
have no recollection of them.”

“Really, Helen,” said her mother, a little impatiently, “I wish you had
been more discreet in your choice of associates, it is not pleasant to
have one’s name connected with every ill-bred person whom you may meet
at a watering-place. You must have had some intimacy with them, or they
would not presume to mention you so familiarly.”

“I assure you, mamma, that I made no acquaintance except with those whom
you approved. Of the Rumseys I have not the slightest knowledge. I
remember now, that the day before we left, our general picknick party
was joined by a group who had arrived in the morning. The eldest lady
answered to Mrs. Grey’s description of our unknown friend; she was
accompanied by two younger ladies and a gentleman, whose style of
appearance, as well as her own, was rather _outré_, and they were
evidently strangers. One of the young ladies addressed a remark to me
upon the beauty of the scenery, to which of course I replied, and the
gentleman upon whose arm she leaned showed a desire to continue the
conversation, but as I had not been introduced, and he was moreover, an
ignorant, ill-bred person, I merely bowed and passed on. What their
names were I cannot tell, but they might have been the Rumseys.”

“Very likely,” said Mrs. Armitage, with a half smile, “but they say they
came down with us, and seem to know me.”

Helen laughed outright—“I remember that they were in the same car with
us. Don’t you recollect, mamma, that a lady sitting behind you, very
considerately pulled your shawl up on your shoulders, saying she feared
you would take cold? That was the same person whom I supposed to be Mrs.
Rumsey, and her polite son quite stared me out of countenance during the
journey, while his sisters seemed comparing notes together.”

“Taking an inventory of your dress and charms, Helen, that they might be
able to describe you correctly,” laughed Mrs. Grey, who began to enter
into the spirit of the affair, and was a good deal amused at her
friend’s evident annoyance.

“But really,” she continued, “you should not have cut your brother’s
college chum so decidedly. I understood that Harry and the young Rumsey
were a second Damon and Pythias.”

“Absurd,” exclaimed Mrs. Armitage, now more nettled than ever. “Absurd,
my dear Mrs. Grey, I wonder you could have patience to listen to such an
evident tissue of falsehoods. You could not suppose I would tolerate
such a person as you describe.”

“I had no right to suppose them falsehoods,” replied the other quietly,
for she was the least bit of a quiz in the world. “I found the lady
comfortably seated in Mrs. Leonard’s drawing-room, and conversing
familiarly of you as a friend for whom she had the highest esteem. I saw
she was rather ill-bred to be sure, but she may be a very good sort of
woman for all that you know, and so on the strength of your friendship I
invited her to call upon me.”

“Poor Mrs. Grey,” ejaculated Helen, laughing, “she will come of course,
and then it will be your turn to be victimized. How could she ever have
become known to the Leonards?”

“I shall take care never to meet her,” said Mrs. Armitage, decidedly.
“To think of that officious person who insisted upon carrying my
traveling bag upon her lap, and constantly annoyed me with offers of
services, claiming my acquaintance, indeed. One thing is very certain,
she shall never procure an introduction.”

“Don’t be too sure,” said her merry friend, as she rose to take leave;
“strange things do happen sometimes. However, I am sorry that I have
caused you any annoyance, though I must say I think I have the worst of
it.”

So speaking Mrs. Grey departed, and Mrs. Armitage was speedily so deeply
engaged in household arrangements, that she forgot for a season the
unlooked-for acquaintance of Mrs. Rumsey.

A few days after her return home, Mrs. Armitage called upon Mrs.
Leonard, and here again was doomed to hear of Mrs. Rumsey, and the warm
friendship that existed between the young scion of the Rumseys and her
son Harry, with the decided admiration of the former for her daughter
Helen. Poor Mrs. Armitage! she began to think this Mrs. Rumsey was an
evil-genius sent to persecute her. She disclaimed all knowledge of her
tormentor, and asked Mrs. Leonard how she became known to _her_.

Her friend replied that she had met Mrs. Rumsey at the house of a friend
very frequently, and from her apparent familiar acquaintance with many
good families, supposed her to be a desirable visiter. She gave her a
casual invitation to call, which was immediately accepted, and she had
since brought her daughters. They were tall, showy girls, Mrs. Leonard
said, and much more presentable than their mother.

Mrs. Armitage denying all knowledge of the family seemed to surprise her
friend, as Mrs. Rumsey, to her knowledge, had used her name as a card of
introduction to several other persons.

Perplexed and thoroughly annoyed, Mrs. Armitage returned home. This
determined claim of friendship from a person who she was very sure must
be ill-bred and ridiculous, troubled her not a little.

The Armitage family occupied a high position in society. Mr. Armitage
was a man of intelligence and wealth, his mercantile influence was
great, and though mingling but little in the gay crowds which his wife
and daughter frequented, he was universally sought after and respected.
Mrs. Armitage was a refined and elegant woman, nurtured in luxury—she
shrunk from any contact with rude, or ill-bred persons, and thoroughly
despised the mean-spirited parasites who sought to bask in the influence
which her husband’s wealth and her own fashion shed abroad. She was
fastidious in her choice of associates, perhaps a little too much so,
and consequently her acquaintance was eagerly sought.

Her daughter Helen was, as has been said, a beautiful girl of eighteen,
with as much refinement, and less exclusiveness than her mother; a belle
in society, and the idol of her father at home. While Harry Armitage, a
frank, manly, high-spirited youth, just of age, full of fun, yet the
soul of honor, was his mother’s delight and the beau ideal of the
ladies.

Truly not to know the Armitages was to argue oneself unknown.

Harry Armitage, who was away on a shooting excursion, did not return
home until a few days after his mother, and consequently had heard
nothing of the Rumseys. But it so chanced, that on the very morning upon
which his mother called upon Mrs. Leonard, he was strolling up one of
the principal promenades with a friend, when they met a person whose
appearance attracted Harry’s attention.

“Who, in the name of all the tailors, is this walking fashion-plate?” he
exclaimed, glancing at the same moment toward a small, slight young man,
with very light hair, and a luxuriant buff-colored moustache, who, with
an air of ill-attempted ease, came sauntering toward them. He was
attired according to the latest mode, his bottle-green “cut-away”
displaying a gaudy vest and plaid neckerchief to great advantage, while
from beneath his drab pantaloons appeared feet snugly encased in
patent-leather pumps and crimson hose.

Harry’s friend looked up, as he replied smiling—“Why, Armitage, don’t
you remember your old chum and particular friend, young Rumsey?”

“I can’t say that I do,” replied the other with a smile, as the
individual in question passed, with a stare at Armitage and a low bow to
his friend. “At least,” he added, “you see he has cut me quite coolly. I
don’t think he recognized me any better than I did himself, for I am
pretty sure we never met before.”

“Strange, that he should not have known you,” said his companion. “Why,
he used your name as a means of introducing himself to me.”

“My name!” ejaculated Harry in surprise. “Impossible—how did it
happen?”

“Why, I met him at the tailor’s one day, and as I was waiting to be
served, heard him say—‘I think I will have a coat from the same piece
as my friend Armitage ordered, I like his taste.’ Of course I turned
upon hearing your name, and noticing my inquiring look, he asked—‘Do
you know Harry Armitage, sir?’ I bowed assent. ‘Fine fellow,’ said he,
‘an old college chum, and particular friend of mine—his sister Helen is
a superb girl. Happy to make your acquaintance, sir.’ He tendered me his
card, which bore the name of Samuel Rumsey, Esq., and received mine in
exchange. Since then I have met him several times at the theatre and
elsewhere, and have been not a little amused at his assumption of
fashionable manners, which sit upon him as awkwardly as a dress-coat
upon a Turk; but as your friend I have always treated him civilly. I am
surprised at your apparent ignorance of each other now.”

“I have been trying to recollect when I ever knew a person by that
name,” said Harry, after a pause, “and I remember such a boy at one of
the first schools to which I ever went. He was a lazy fellow, who spent
all his pocket-money in buying gilded watch-chains and imitation
breast-pins, and his leisure time in writing letters directed to
himself, purporting to come from fashionable friends in town. I
recollect he burnt nearly half his hair off at one time with the curling
tongs, and was constantly begging old boot-tops from the elder boys to
make straps, which he pinned fast to his pantaloons. We called him
‘gentleman Rumsey,’ a title with which he appeared highly delighted.
This person is doubtless the same, though I have never met him since I
left school, and why he should claim me as an acquaintance, I know not.
Do you know the family?”

“I have seen his sisters,” replied the other, “they are dashing girls,
but seemingly infected with the same desire to shine.”

“It is very evident that he did not know me, at least,” said Harry; “if
you meet him don’t enlighten him as to my identity, we may have some
sport yet.”

Soon after the young men separated, and Harry returned home.

Mrs. Armitage had just concluded a most pathetic account of her morning
visit, when Harry entered the room where his mother and sister were
seated, and began in his off-hand style an amusing relation of his
morning rencontre. When he mentioned the name of Rumsey, his mother
lifted her hands with an exclamation of terror, and Helen exclaimed
laughing—

“‘Monsieur Tonson come again,’ I declare. Well, Harry, I am wicked
enough to rejoice in your share of our annoyance, as perhaps through
your restless wits we may find a way to rid ourselves of it. This very
morning, when I returned to purchase some more ribbon such as I had to
trim my fall bonnet, the milliner said she had sold the last to the Miss
Rumseys, who were decided in their choice on being told I had selected
the same.”

“What is all this about the Rumseys?” asked Harry. And forthwith his
mother and sister proceeded to enlighten him on the subject so far as
they knew themselves.

Harry shared fully in the annoyance, and determined to devise some
method of punishing this pushing and impertinent family, and to find out
who and what they were.

“Who were the Rumseys?” This was a question much easier asked than
answered, as all allusion to past years was carefully avoided by the
people in question, and moreover, they came from an eastern city. They
occupied a stylish house in a fashionable quarter, and lived in a showy
manner; spending most of their time in promenading and receiving the
visits of those who ventured to call upon them.

The mother was an ignorant, ill-bred, over-dressed woman, who, to judge
by her conversation, was intimate with almost every family of note, and
who by dint of persevering assiduity had succeeded in gaining the
_entrée_ to a few fashionable houses. It was whispered about, to be
sure, that a waiter had seen her quietly transfer the card of an
_exclusive_ from the card-receiver of the lady she was visiting to her
own pocket, and said card was afterward observed occupying a conspicuous
place upon her centre-table. But this might have been mere servant’s
gossip, and it was scarcely credible that all the cards of distinction
that filled her gilded card-racks were obtained in the same way. The
supposition that she was known in one circle was the magical spring that
opened her way into another, and in this way she endeavored to pick the
locks, as it were, of the gates of fashionable society.

The daughters were what men of coarse taste would call “dashing girls
that make a fine show.” They were rather tall, with bright dark eyes,
brilliant complexions, irregular features, wide mouths, and large feet.
Their bonnets were always bent to the last extreme of fashion, and the
bright colors they wore were always in striking contrast. They affected
the fashionable, and certainly most ungraceful lounge, with decided
success, and in their daily promenades received numerous bows from
gentlemen of every variety. The son has been already introduced, it need
only be added that he excelled his family in forward impertinence, and
we have the picture complete.

Such were the Rumseys as they appeared candidates for fashionable
distinction. One peep behind the curtain will discover who they were.

Samuel Rumsey, senior, had been a green grocer in an eastern city. He
was a thrifty, pains-taking, plain man, who amassed a small fortune by
small means. His wife, who was a milliner’s apprentice, never could
persuade him to live in any other than the plain manner to which he had
always been accustomed. She succeeded, however, in prevailing on him to
send his children to fashionable boarding-schools, and upon his death,
the delighted widow found herself mistress of her own actions, and a
comfortable income. She immediately determined to become a woman of
fashion, but finding this impossible in a place where she was known, and
which is beside noted for the peculiarly high-bred tone of its
aristocracy, the ambitious widow removed to the goodly city of Gotham,
where she had understood that a golden key would unlock every avenue to
distinction, and where wealth is the only acknowledged sign of caste.

True as this opinion was, (and it has passed into a proverb and a
reproach to the great metropolis,) Mrs. Rumsey found some difficulty in
making her way. She visited watering-places, and freely used the names
of those of standing in her original place of abode. But she found
herself regarded with distrust by those whose acquaintance she was most
anxious to claim, and thought no subterfuge too mean to gain her desired
aim. The _prestige_ of Mrs. Armitage’s friendship she was particularly
anxious to secure, and thus followed the family to the watering-place
where they were staying, in the hope of accomplishing her designs. Their
unexpected departure foiled her plans; but determined not to be baffled,
she returned to town in the same cars, and hastened to spread abroad the
news of her friend, Mrs. Armitage’s, unexpected arrival. It did not seem
to occur to her shallow conception that such bare-faced falsehoods as
she found it necessary to tell must eventually be exposed. In her
anxiety to accomplish her wishes she lost sight of prudence, and thus
hastened the mortifying _dénouement_.

Harry could not discover much of the Rumseys’ history, but he heard
enough of their proceedings to justify himself, he thought, in the
scheme he had formed for their mortification and exposure. He persuaded
his friend to introduce him to young Rumsey by his middle name, which
was Lee, and represented himself as a young stranger who was anxious to
become acquainted in the city. His friend feared exposure, but Harry was
sure of never meeting the Rumseys in his circle, and so persisted in his
design.

Young Mr. Lee was accordingly introduced, and received with patronizing
condescension. His fine appearance and elegant manners could not fail of
making a favorable impression, and the family contented themselves with
the remark, that if they were harboring a nobody, he was at least a very
presentable one.

Harry said nothing at home regarding his plans, but visited the family
frequently. He could scarcely forbear discovering himself when he heard
his mother and sisters mentioned in the most familiar terms, and one of
the Miss Rumseys would occasionally say—

“I certainly must introduce you to my lovely friend, Helen Armitage; you
will be struck with her, I am sure.”

On one occasion Harry could not forbear pointedly replying that he
should claim her promise upon the first opportunity. He amused himself
by observing their adroitness in parrying questions about their supposed
acquaintances, while he became thoroughly disgusted at the deliberate
falsehoods which he heard them repeat of persons whom he knew perfectly
well, but of whom they had no knowledge further than a chance
introduction, or perhaps only knew by sight. When he thought them
sufficiently committed by their deceptions, he prepared for the grand
finale.

Harry’s friend and confidant in this affair was Mrs. Grey, with whom he
was an especial favorite, and who, beside her innate love of mischief
and desire to assist her young friend, had her own private reasons for
desiring to mortify the Rumseys. They had annoyed her exceedingly by the
perseverance with which they followed up her chance invitation to Mrs.
Rumsey. That lady promptly accepted the invitation, and although her
visit was not returned, yet came again, introducing her daughters, and
running over her list of fashionable friends with all the volubility of
a parrot. Go where she would, poor Mrs. Grey was doomed to meet her
tormentor, and at every turn found herself already heralded by her
indefatigable follower. She fully sympathised now in the annoyance of
her friend Mrs. Armitage, but concealing her vexation waited until the
proper season for crushing this impertinence effectually.

Many moments of merriment did the two conspirators enjoy over the
contrivances to which this foolish family subjected themselves. And
Harry described the patronising air of Samuel Rumsey, Esq., and his
adroit avoidance of those to whom he had promised Mr. Lee an
introduction, with infinite glee. It was fortunate for Harry that his
companion did so, or the ruse might have been discovered too early. He
frequently heard himself mentioned as a particular and intimate
associate, and often felt like punishing the impostor who thus made
mention of himself and family.

It was decided, at length, that Mrs. Grey should give a _soirée_, to
which the Rumseys were to be invited. She was afraid they would decline
the invitation, fearing to meet the people of whose acquaintance they
had falsely boasted; but Harry, who knew them better, was sure they
would not lose so favorable an opportunity of an introduction into the
society they aspired to, and so prevailed upon his friend to send the
invitations.

The Rumseys received Mrs. Grey’s card of invitation with delight. No
scruples were felt, no fear of exposure entertained. The mother had
repeated the names of fashionable people so often, that she began to
believe she really knew them, and the daughters trusted to their address
in avoiding any mortifying _contre-temps_, while the son was wholly
absorbed in the one idea of the great sensation his stylish appearance
would produce. An acceptance was sent, dress-makers, milliners, and
tailors put in immediate requisition, and on the appointed evening,
fluttering in lace and rustling in silks, the Rumseys were ushered into
Mrs. Grey’s elegant and crowded apartments.

After due presentation to the hostess, the Rumseys looked about them and
found themselves surrounded by entire strangers. There were a very few,
and among them Mrs. Leonard, upon whom Mrs Rumsey had called, and
several whom they knew by sight only. As the group were debating which
way to turn their steps, Mrs. Grey advanced, and addressing Mrs. Rumsey,
said—

“You will meet many of your friends here this evening, Mrs Rumsey. There
are Mrs. Starsbury and the Floyds, have you spoken to them yet? Shall I
walk over with you?”

Now these ladies Mrs. Rumsey had only heard of through her milliner, and
had no claim whatever to their acquaintance; she therefore replied that
she was waiting an opportunity of speaking to her friend, Mrs. Leonard,
who was engaged in conversation with another lady.

“Oh yes!” said the provoking Mrs. Grey, “now she is looking this way,
she evidently recognizes you, as does her friend.” So saying she
escorted her visiter toward the group.

Mrs. Leonard replied civilly to Mrs. Rumsey’s eager salutation, but the
lady at her side maintained a dignified silence.

“My dear Mrs. Mornton,” cried Mrs. Grey, “don’t you recognize your
friend, Mrs. Rumsey? I have heard her talk of you so frequently.”

“Who is Mrs. Rumsey?” replied the lady, who was very exclusive, with a
well-bred stare. “I do not know her.”

“Not know her! Oh, I understand—some little disagreement,” said Mrs.
Grey, in an undertone.

“Not at all,” answered the other decidedly; “the lady is an utter
stranger, believe me.”

Mrs. Grey looked around, but Mrs. Rumsey had disappeared.

Meanwhile the young ladies met several gentlemen whom they knew
slightly, and who relieved their awkwardness by a polite attention. They
were evidently surprised, however, to see troops of ladies constantly
passing, among whom were many whose acquaintance the Miss Rumseys had
claimed, but none of whom recognized or noticed them in any way. As for
Samuel Rumsey, Esq., he was quite shocked at the indifference with which
his attentions and remarks were received, and Mrs. Rumsey now joining
her daughters, their position was becoming very unpleasant, when they
beheld the quondam Mr. Lee talking with their hostess. Surprise at
seeing him was mingled with satisfaction at the appearance of one
person, at least, to whose acquaintance they had a real claim. But their
astonishment was increased upon beholding the general welcome he
received from those to whom they supposed him an utter stranger.

He soon approached them, and after a few remarks observed that he had
been introduced to several of their friends, and offered his arm for a
promenade. This offer was gladly accepted by the young ladies.

“Here are the Miss Floyds,” said Harry, pausing before two elegant
looking girls; “doubtless they will be delighted to see you.”

The Miss Rumseys colored—they had seen the Miss Floyds at their
milliners. They bowed in confusion, and Harry mischievously added:

“The Miss Rumseys have not met you before in a long time, I presume.”

“I do not remember the name,” replied the eldest Miss Floyd politely;
“where had we the pleasure of meeting you, Miss Rumsey?”

“We met at Mrs. Leonard’s,” answered one of the young ladies, determined
to brave it out, and with an affected air of indifference she gave place
to a group who now advanced, and remarking to Harry that “they were
proud girls,” moved away.

Harry replied with a quizzical look, and the young ladies fearful of
another mortification, complained of the heat, and took their seats near
where Mrs. Armitage was sitting. Mrs. Rumsey was upon a sofa at their
side talking energetically to a strange lady, who, like many others had
been, was deceived by her apparent acquaintance with persons of
standing, and who was entertained by the personal chit-chat which she
retailed.

Meanwhile the rebuff of Mrs. Mornton, and the confusion of the young
ladies upon meeting the Miss Floyds was whispered about, and the
question of “Who are the Rumseys?” was passed from one to another of
those whose names had been freely used by the family.

Harry stationed himself behind the young ladies, and out of his mother’s
view, then bending low—

“Who is that beautiful girl with a camelia in her hair?” he asked,
pointing to his sister, who stood near her mother with a group of
admirers about her.

“That is Helen Armitage,” replied Miss Rumsey, proud of her knowledge of
the belle of the evening.

“I shall claim your promise of an introduction,” answered Harry, “she
does not appear at all proud.”

The sisters looked confused, and Harry pitying their evident uneasiness
almost repented of his scheme, when he heard his mother’s name coupled
with that of “dear Helen,” mentioned in the most familiar manner by Mrs.
Rumsey, who was enlarging upon the delightful summer excursion which she
had so much enjoyed with her dear friend Mrs. Armitage. Harry could bear
this no longer, but rising, addressed Mrs. Rumsey.

“My dear madam, your daughters have kindly promised me an introduction
to Miss Armitage, but as the young lady is engaged at present, may I beg
your kind offices in making me acquainted with her mother, who it seems
is your intimate friend, and I will trust to my own address in winning
her daughter’s suffrage.”

Just then Mrs. Grey, accompanied by young Rumsey, approached. She had
heard Harry’s speech, and Mrs. Rumsey finding herself completely
cornered, and elated by her confidential conversation with the strange
lady, who was evidently a guest of note, determined by a bold stroke to
master her dilemma. She accordingly, despite her daughters’ appealing
looks, rose, and accompanied by Harry and her son, approached Mrs.
Armitage, and dropping a profound courtesy, said very rapidly—

“My dear Mrs. Armitage, you have perhaps forgotten me, as we have not
met since last summer, but allow me to present you my son, Mr. Samuel
Rumsey, a college chum and companion of your son Henry, they were great
friends, I assure you; and this is a young _protégé_ of mine, very
desirous to make your acquaintance, Mr. Harry Lee.”

“Armitage!” added Mrs. Grey, who stood at her shoulder.

Mrs. Rumsey looked around in surprise, and Mrs. Armitage with a flushed
cheek, rose from her seat, saying haughtily—

“The introduction is altogether valueless, as yourself and son are both
entirely unknown to me—and as to this young gentleman,” she added,
turning with a displeased air to the ci devant Mr. Lee, “it is scarcely
necessary to introduce a son to his mother, though I marvel much at
finding him in such society.” And placing her hand upon her son’s arm
she moved away with a stately air.

Poor Mrs. Rumsey stood perfectly still in a state of blank bewilderment,
while Mrs. Grey exclaimed—

“How could you, Mrs. Ramsey, present Harry Armitage as a stranger to his
mother, can it be possible that you had no acquaintance with her after
all?”

Mrs. Rumsey looked around, she saw the suppressed smile that hovered on
the lips of those about her, and murmuring something about explaining it
all on another occasion, hastily left the room. Her daughters had
already vanished, and as for Samuel Rumsey, Esq., he was no where.

Mrs. Armitage was some time in becoming reconciled to the stratagem of
Mrs. Grey and Harry, but finding herself no longer haunted by the
Rumseys, forgave the two conspirators at last.

The Rumseys found it convenient to leave town immediately. Their
furniture was sold—the house rented to another tenant, and “The people
who knew every body and whom nobody knew,” ceased to be talked of or
remembered.

But many hundred miles away, in another state, the Rumseys still
flourish, and occasionally boast of their charming friend Harry
Armitage, and the elegant Mrs. Grey.

Who that mingles in the harlequin crowd of this jostling, restless
world, has not known one person at least who might belong to the
Rumseys?

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                 EDEN.


                           BY JOHN A. STEIN.


    Proudly down the western mountains
      Rolls the monarch of the skies,
    And the heavy clouds around him
      In a craggy archway rise—
    Seeming, with their rugged edges,
      In a molten glory bright,
    Glowing portals to a region
      Bathed in Eden’s golden light.

    And as downward from the headland
      On the wooded vale I gaze,
    I may view the sunbeam fainting
      On the forest’s bluish haze—
    And, in bronzéd lustre winding,
      Mark the bright Swatara glide,
    With the trees like joyous pilgrims
      Flocking by on every side.

    And I hear the vesper warbling
      Of the wood-birds ’mid the trees—
    And I breathe the odorous incense
      Of the flow’rets of the leas—
    And I hear the reapers singing
      ’Mid the nodding yellow grain,
    Till the universal gladness
      Wakes a rapture in my brain.

    And a host of blesséd memories,
      Long unthought-of, burst their trance—
    And in fairy garb around me
      Weave a wild, fantastic dance—
    Weave a glad and restless measure
      To the heart’s accordant beat,
    Circling merrily around it
      With their airy, agile feet.

    To my soul they sing a yearning
      They at times have sung before—
    “Oh! that upward through the ether
      I in ecstasy could soar—
    Burst the shackles which confine me
      To this slavish earth, and fly
    With my tinted wings the ranger
      Of the gleaming evening sky.”

    And responsive to the cadence,
      ’Neath inspired Fancy’s spell,
    With its fringéd wings expanding,
      Leaps my spirit from its cell;
    And above it hovering, whispers,
      In the golden sunset light,
    “Oh! for one to share the rapture
      Of my Eden-seeking flight.”

    By the cloud-arch bounded radiance
      Of the regions of the blest—
    By the empress star that gleams above,
      That cloudy archway’s crest—
    By the gladness of the earth beneath—
      The loveliness above—
    I invoke thee, and entreat thee,
      Glorious spirit of my Love!

    Thou art with me, oh, my idol!
      Thou art trembling by my side—
    And with rustling pinions crossing,
      Through the lambent air we glide.
    Through the glowing arch before us
      Let us seek the Eden-land—
    We are pilgrims of the Beautiful,
      The Happy, and the Grand.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                JANUARY.


In the illuminated calendars prefixed to old Romish Missals, January is
frequently represented as a man carrying faggots for burning, or a
woodman’s axe, shivering and blowing his fingers. Modern artists and
poets represent Winter as a feeble old man—a type of the pale
“descending year.” Against this idea a celebrated writer thus warmly
protests:—

          Talk not of Winter as a dotard old!
        Gray-haired and feeble, palsied every limb,
        ‘A withered branch his sceptre:’ ’tis a whim
        He well may laugh to scorn; a warrior bold,
        Girded with strength is he! Asleep—awake—
        He is all energy to ear and sight;
        He bids the winds go forth, and forests quake,
        Like flowers before gay Summer’s fresh’ning gale;
        He doth unchain the floods, and, in their might,
        Adown the hills they rush, and through the vale,
        With deafening clamor, till they reach the main.

The Romans dedicated this portion of the year to the heathen god Janus,
from whom it derives its name. Our Saxon ancestors gave it the name of
_wolf-monath_, or wolf-month, because the wolves, which anciently
infested the British forests, impelled by hunger, at this season
descended from their accustomed haunts and attacked the domestic
animals, and even man himself, when the inclemency of the weather had
destroyed or put to flight their usual prey. Such scenes are now unknown
in Great Britain. Thomson describes the dire descent of a troop of such
monsters from

                      The shining Alps,
        And wavy Apennines and Pyrenees,
                    ——By wintry famine roused:
        Cruel as death, and hungry as the grave,
        Burning for blood!—bony, and gaunt, and grim!
        Assembling wolves in raging troops descend;
        And, pouring o’er the country, bear along,
        Keen as the north wind sweeps the glossy snow.
        All is their prize.
        Rapacious at the mother’s throat they fly,
        And tear the screaming infant from her breast,
        E’en beauty, force divine! at whose bright glance
        The generous lion stands in softened gaze,
        Here bleeds, a hapless, undistinguished prey.

In this inclement month, the feeble rays of the sun are rarely felt, the
smaller rivers and ponds are frozen over, and sometimes a strong and
sudden frost converts the gliding streams into blocks of solid ice.

                An icy gale, oft shifting o’er the pool,
        Breathes a blue film, and in its mid career
        Arrests the bickering storm.
        Loud rings the frozen earth, and hard reflects
        A double noise; while, at his evening watch,
        The village dog deters the nightly thief;
        The heifer lows; the distant waterfall
        Swells in the breeze; and with the hasty tread
        Of traveler, the hollow-sounding plain
        Shakes from afar.
                          It freezes on
        Till Morn, late rising o’er the drooping world,
        Lifts her pale eye, unjoyous. Then appears
        The various labor of the silent Night:
        Prone from the dripping eave and dumb cascade,
        Whose idle torrents only seem to roar;
        The pendent icicle, the frost-work fair,
        Where transient hues and fancied figures rise;
        Wide-spouted o’er the hill, the frozen brook,
        A livid tract, cold gleaming o’er the morn.

How strikingly beautiful is the appearance of the hoar frost, which
clothes the trees in crystals, which sparkle like the most brilliant
gems. Well might Howitt exclaim, as he gazed on the gorgeous effects of
its incomparable loveliness,

          What dream of beauty ever equalled this!
        What visions of my boyhood do I miss,
        That are not here restored! All splendors pure;
        All loveliness, all graces that allure;
        Shapes that amaze; a Paradise that is—
        Yet was not—will not in few moments be;
        Glory from nakedness, that playfully
        Mimics with passing life each summer boon,
        Clothing the ground, replenishing the tree,
        Weaving arch, bower, and delicate festoon,
        Still as a dream—and, like a dream, to flee!

The inclemency of the season is shown by its effects on animals,
particularly on the numerous tribes of birds. As the cold advances, they
become bold by want, and fearlessly approach the habitations of man. The
little snow-birds, as they are commonly called, crowd into the
farm-yards, and at the barn-doors pick their scanty fare from the chaff
and straw. Robins and thrushes in flocks descend from the tops of trees,
and frequent the warm manured fields in the neighborhood of towns.
Snipes, woodcocks, wild ducks, and other water-fowl, are forced from the
frozen marshes, and obliged to seek their food about the rapid streams
which are yet unfrozen.

As the cold grows more intense, various kinds of sea-fowl quit the bleak
open shores, and ascend the rivers, where they offer a prey to the
fowler. Cowper thus beautifully paints the sufferings of the feathered
tribes:—

          How find the myriads that in summer cheer
        The hills and valleys with their ceaseless songs,
        Due sustenance, or where subsist they now?
        Earth yields them naught; the imprisoned worm is safe
        Beneath the frozen clod; all seeds of herbs
        Lie covered close; and berry-bearing thorns
        That feed the thrush, (whatever some suppose,)
        Afford the smaller minstrels no supply.
        The long protracted rigor of the year
        Thins all their numerous flocks. In chinks and holes
        Ten thousand seek an unmolested end,
        As instinct prompts; self-buried there they die.

And Burns, with true poetic sympathy for the sufferings of all created
things, while listening to the stormy terrors of a winter’s night, thus
apostrophizes the feathered songsters of the grove:—

        Ilk happing bird, wee helpless thing,
        That in the merry months o’ spring
        Delighted me to hear thee sing—
                        What comes o’ thee?
        Whare wilt thou cow’r thy chittering wing,
                        An’ close thy e’e?

Yet amid all these indications of the severity of the season, there are
pleasing circumstances which sometimes occur. In the prairies of our
western world, the song of the prairie-thrush is heard occasionally
ushering in the new year. This is the most early songster in that part
of the world, which, sitting on the top of some high bending shrub, in
showery weather, as he rides to and fro with the breezes, exerts his
throat in loud, uninterrupted strains, which has gained for him the
appellation of the storm-bird.

In this month the small wren of the prairie sings melodiously as it hops
from reed to reed in search of food. If we examine the plants at this
season of the year, we perceive the hand of the Creator, in his wise
protection of what he intends for the happiness of his children. Those
plants called herbaceous, which die down to the root every autumn, are
safely concealed under ground, preparing their new shoots to burst forth
when the earth is softened by spring. Shrubs and trees, which are
exposed to the open air, he has closely wrapped in a covering sufficient
to protect them from the most severe weather. The buds are protected in
their hard-coated calyx to secure their forthcoming beauty from decay;
if one of those buds be carefully opened, it is found to consist of
young leaves rolled together, within which are even all the blossoms in
miniature, which are afterward intended to delight our eyes, or probably
to refresh by their fragrance our senses. As that great and celebrated
naturalist, Cuvier, would often say to his pupils, “Show me a botanist
who is a skeptic, and I will show you an idiot. An infidel naturalist is
a _rara avis_ I have never yet met with.”

This gloomy month is, however, not altogether without flowers, for now
the _Heleborus fœtidus_, and various mosses blossom in our woods, and
fructification goes on below a depth of snow. One of the most remarkable
products of the season are the white berries of the mistletoe. This
plant, which was almost worshiped by the Druids as a sacred emblem and
decoration of their domestic hearths, during the festival of Christmas,
is chiefly remarkable for the peculiarity of its growth—being always
found adhering to and deriving its nourishment from the juice of some
tree, and never attached to the earth. It flowers early in the year, but
its berries do not make their appearance till December. They are the
food of non-migrating birds of the most hardy kinds; the plant is
principally found attached to the apple-tree, but sometimes, though
rarely, on some others; it is least frequently found on the oak, on
which its occurrence is considered a curiosity by botanists.

We have, however, in the month of January, occasionally, days which we,
for the moment, regard as of exceeding beauty, because, perhaps, of the
contrast between them and seasonable weather amidst which they occur.
The sun shines bright and warm, the gnat is tempted forth from its
secret dormitory, and we are apt to forget that the winter is not yet
“past and gone.” The morrow recalls us to a full sense of our position
in the scale of the seasons—the sky is black and threatening, or a
pelting storm of snow and sleet so alters the fair face of nature, that
we are glad once more to take refuge from her frowns amid the delights
of the social hearth.

The amusements of sliding, skating, and other pastimes on the ice, give
life to this dreary season; and during the continuance of our long
frosts, armies of skaters of all ages may be seen almost equal to the
skaters of Wilna, where the peasant girl frequently skates sixteen miles
to market to dispose of her basket of eggs, which she carries on her
head.

The opening and the close of the year each afford topics and occasion
for mournful meditation. Who is he, on taking a view of the past, but
would gladly recall many words and actions which at the moment of
utterance were thought to be correct, or actions for which he would
gladly make restitution? The following reflections are very appropriate:

        “I stood between the meeting years,
          The coming and the past;
        And I asked of the future one—
          Wilt thou be like the last?

        For sorrow, like a phantom, sits
          Upon the last year’s close;
        How much of grief, how much of ill,
          In its dark breast repose!

        I think on many a wasted hour,
          And sicken o’er the void;
        And many darker are behind,
          On worse than naught employed.

        Oh vanity! alas, my heart!
          How widely hast thou strayed;
        And misused every golden gift,
          For better purpose made!

        I think on many a once loved friend,
          As nothing to me now;
        And what can mark the lapse of time
          As does an altered brow?

        Thus thinking of the meeting years,
          The coming and the past;
        I needs must ask the future one—
          Wilt thou be like the last?“

                 *        *        *        *        *



                           THE LIGHT OF LIFE.


                            [SEE ENGRAVING.]

    In times of joy, when pleasure’s glow
      Sends through the heart a rapturous thrill;
    In hours of care and mournful wo,
      When all is anguish, pain and ill:

    From the blest volume of God’s word.
      The _light of life_ shines bright and clear,
    Awaking praise for good conferred,
      And bidding grief find comfort there.
                                           CLARA.

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration: DRAWN BY JOHN W. WRIGHT.

THE LIGHT OF LIFE.
 ENGRAVED BY T. B. WELCH EXPRESSLY FOR GRAHAM’S MAGAZINE.]

                 *        *        *        *        *



                      ABOUT CRITICS AND CRITICISM.


                       BY THE LATE EDGAR A. POE.


Our most analytic, if not altogether our best critic, (Mr. Whipple,
perhaps, excepted,) is Mr. _William A. Jones_, author of “The Analyst.”
How he would write elaborate criticisms I cannot say; but his summary
judgments of authors are, in general, discriminative and profound. In
fact, his papers on _Emerson_ and on _Macaulay_, published in
“Arcturus,” are better than merely “profound,” if we take the word in
its now desecrated sense; for they are at once pointed, lucid, and
just:—as summaries, leaving nothing to be desired.

Mr. Whipple has less analysis, and far less candor, as his depreciation
of “Jane Eyre” will show; but he excels Mr. Jones in sensibility to
Beauty, and is thus the better critic of Poetry. I have read nothing
finer in its way than his eulogy on Tennyson. I say “eulogy”—for the
essay in question is unhappily little more:—and Mr Whipple’s paper on
Miss Barrett, was _nothing_ more. He has less discrimination than Mr.
Jones, and a more obtuse sense of the critical office. In fact, he has
been infected with that unmeaning and transparent heresy—the cant of
critical Boswellism, by dint of which we are to shut our eyes tightly to
all autorial blemishes, and open them, like owls, to all autorial
merits. Papers thus composed may be good in their way, just as an
impertinent _cicerone_ is good in _his_ way; and the way, in either
case, may still be a small one.

Boccalini, in his “Advertisements from Parnassus,” tells us that Zoilus
once presented Apollo with a very caustic review of a very admirable
poem. The god asked to be shown the beauties of the work; but the critic
replied that he troubled himself only about the errors. Hereupon Apollo
gave him a sack of unwinnowed wheat—bidding him pick out all the chaff
for his pains.

Now this fable does very well as a hit at the critics; but I am by no
means sure that the Deity was in the right. The fact is, that the limits
of the strict critical duty are grossly misapprehended. We may go so far
as to say that, while the critic is _permitted_ to play, at times, the
part of the mere commentator—while he is _allowed_, by way of merely
_interesting_ his readers, to put in the fairest light the merits of his
author—his _legitimate_ task is still, in pointing out and analyzing
defects and showing how the work might have been improved, to aid the
general cause of Letters, without undue heed of the individual literary
man. Beauty, to be brief, should be considered in the light of an axiom,
which, to become at once evident, needs only to be distinctly _put_. It
is _not_ Beauty, if it require to be demonstrated as such:—and thus to
point out too particularly the merits of a work, is to admit that they
are _not_ merits altogether.

When I say that both Mr. Jones and Mr. Whipple are, in some degree,
imitators of Macaulay, I have no design that my words should be
understood as disparagement. The style and general conduct of Macaulay’s
critical papers could scarcely be improved. To call his manner
“conventional,” is to do it gross injustice. The manner of Carlyle _is_
conventional—with himself. The style of Emerson is conventional—with
himself _and_ Carlyle. The style of Miss Fuller is conventional—with
herself and _Emerson_ and Carlyle that is to say, it is a
triple-distilled conventionality:—and by the word “conventionality,” as
here used, I mean very nearly what, as regards personal conduct, we
style “affectation”—that is, an assumption of airs or _tricks_ which
have no basis in reason or common sense. The quips, quirks, and curt
oracularities of the Emersons, Alcots and Fullers, are simply Lyly’s
Euphuisms revived. Very different, indeed, are the _peculiarities_ of
Macaulay. He has his mannerisms; but we see that, by dint of them, he is
enabled to accomplish the extremes of unquestionable excellences—the
extreme of clearness, of vigor (dependent upon clearness) of grace, and
very especially of thoroughness. For his short sentences, for his
antitheses, for his modulations, for his climaxes—for every thing that
he does—a very slight analysis suffices to show a distinct reason. His
manner, thus, is simply the perfection of that justifiable rhetoric
which has its basis in common-sense; and to say that such rhetoric is
never called in to the aid of _genius_, is simply to disparage genius,
and by no means to discredit the rhetoric. It is nonsense to assert that
the highest genius would not be benefited by attention to its modes of
manifestation—by availing itself of that Natural Art which it too
frequently despises. Is it not evident that the more intrinsically
valuable the rough diamond, the more gain accrues to it from polish?

Now, since it would be nearly impossible to vary the rhetoric of
Macaulay, in any material degree, without deterioration in the
_essential_ particulars of clearness, vigor, etc., those who write
_after_ Macaulay have to choose between the two horns of a
dilemma:—they must be weak and original, or imitative and strong:—and
since imitation, in a case of this kind, is merely adherence to _Truth_
and _Reason_ as pointed out by one who feels their value, the author who
should forego the advantages of the “imitation” for the mere sake of
being erroneously original, “_n’est pas si sage qu’il croit_.”

The true course to be pursued by our critics—justly sensible of
Macaulay’s excellences—is _not_, however, to be content with tamely
following in his footsteps—but to outstrip him in his own path—a path
not so much his as Nature’s. We must not fall into the error of fancying
that he is _perfect_ merely because he excels (in point of style) all
his British cotemporaries. Some such idea as this seems to have taken
possession of Mr. Jones, when he says:

    “Macaulay’s style is admirable—full of color, perfectly clear,
    free from all obstructions, exactly English, and as pointedly
    antithetical as possible. We have marked two passages on Southey
    and Byron, so happy _as to defy improvement_. The one is a sharp
    epigrammatic paragraph on Southey’s political bias:

        ‘Government is to Mr. Southey one of the fine arts. He
        judges of a theory or a public measure, of a religion, a
        political party, a peace or a war, as men judge of a
        picture or a statue, by the effect produced on his
        imagination. A chain of associations is to him what a
        chain of reasoning is to other men; and what he calls
        his opinions are, in fact, merely his tastes.’

    The other a balanced character of Lord Byron:

        ‘In the rank of Lord Byron, in his understanding, in his
        character, in his very person, there was a strange union
        of opposite extremes. He was born to all that men covet
        and admire. But in every one of those eminent advantages
        which he possessed over others, there was mingled
        something of misery and debasement. He was sprung from a
        house, ancient, indeed, and noble, but degraded and
        impoverished by a series of crimes and follies, which
        had attained a scandalous publicity. The kinsman whom he
        succeeded had died poor, and but for merciful judges,
        would have died upon the gallows. The young peer had
        great intellectual powers; yet there was an unsound part
        in his mind. He had naturally a generous and tender
        heart; but his temper was wayward and irritable. He had
        a head which statuaries loved to copy, and a foot the
        deformity of which the beggars in the street mimicked.’”

Let us now look at the first of these paragraphs. The opening sentence
is inaccurate at all points. The word “government” does not give the
author’s idea with sufficient definitiveness; for the term is _more_
frequently applied to the _system_ by which the affairs of a nation are
regulated than to the act of regulating. “The government,” we say, for
example, “does so and so”—meaning those who govern. But Macaulay
intends simply the act or acts called “governing,” and this word should
have been used, as a matter of course. The “Mr.” prefixed to “Southey,”
is superfluous; for no sneer is designed; and, in _mistering_ a
well-known author, we hint that he is not entitled to that exemption
which we accord to Homer, Dante, or Shakspeare. “_To_ Mr. Southey” would
have been right, had the succeeding words been “government _seems_ one
of the fine arts:”—but, as the sentence stands, “_With_ Mr. Southey” is
demanded. “Southey,” too, being the principal subject of the paragraph,
should precede “government,” which is mentioned only in its relation to
Southey. “One of the fine arts” is pleonastic, since the phrase conveys
nothing more than “a fine art” would convey.

The second sentence is quite as faulty. Here Southey loses his
precedence as the subject; and thus the “He” should follow “a theory,”
“a public measure,” etc. By “religion” is meant a “_creed_:”—this
latter word should therefore be used. The conclusion of the sentence is
very awkward. Southey is said to judge of a peace or war, etc., as men
judge of a picture or a statue, and the words which succeed are intended
to explain _how_ men judge of a picture or a statue:—these words
should, therefore, run thus:—“by the effect produced on _their_
imaginations.” “Produced” moreover, is neither so exact nor so “English”
as “wrought.” In saying that Southey judges of a political party, etc.,
as _men_ judge of a picture, etc., Southey is quite excluded from the
category of “men.” “_Other_ men,” was no doubt originally written, but
“other” erased, on account of the “other men” occurring in the sentence
below.

Coming to this last, we find that “a chain of association_s_” is not
properly paralleled by “a chain of reason_ing_.” We must say either “a
chain of association,” to meet the “reason_ing_” a “chain of rea_sons_”
to meet the “associations.” The repetition of “what” is awkward and
unpleasant. The entire paragraph should be thus remodeled.

With Southey, governing is a fine art. Of a theory or a public
measure—of a creed, a political party, a peace or a war—he judges by
the imaginative effect; as only such things as pictures or statues are
judged of by other men. What to them a chain of reasoning is, to him is
a chain of association; and, as to his opinions, they are nothing but
his tastes.

The blemishes in the paragraph about Byron are more negative than those
in the paragraph about Southey. The first sentence needs vivacity. The
adjective “opposite” is superfluous:—so is the particle “there.” The
second and third sentences are, properly, one. “Some” would fully supply
the place of “something of.” The whole phrase “which he possessed over
others,” is supererogatory. “Was sprung,” in place of “sprang,” is
altogether unjustifiable. The triple repetition of “and,” in the fourth
sentence, is awkward. “Notorious crimes and follies,” would express all
that is implied in “crimes and follies which had attained a scandalous
publicity.” The fifth sentence might be well curtailed; and as it
stands, has an unintentional and unpleasant sneer. “Intellect” would do
as well as “intellectual powers;” and this (the sixth) sentence might
otherwise be shortened advantageously. The whole paragraph, in my
opinion, would be better thus expressed:

In Lord Byron’s rank, understanding, character—even in his person—we
find a strange union of extremes. Whatever men covet and admire, became
his by right of birth; yet debasement and misery were mingled with each
of his eminent advantages. He sprang from a house, ancient it is true,
and noble, but degraded and impoverished by a series of notorious
crimes. But for merciful judges, the pauper kinsman whom he succeeded
would have been hanged. The young peer had an intellect great, perhaps,
yet partially unsound. His heart was generous, but his temper wayward;
and while statuaries copied his head, beggars mimicked the deformity of
his foot.

In these remarks, my object is not so much to point out inaccuracies in
the most accurate stylist of his age, as to hint that our critics might
surpass him on his own ground, and yet leave themselves something to
learn in the moralities of manner.

Nothing can be plainer than that our position, as a literary colony of
Great Britain, leads us into wronging, indirectly, our own authors by
exaggerating the merits of those across the water. Our most reliable
critics extol—and extol without discrimination—such English
compositions as, if written in America, would be either passed over
without notice or unscrupulously condemned. Mr. Whipple, for example,
whom I have mentioned in this connection with Mr. Jones is decidedly one
of our most “reliable” critics. His honesty I dispute as little as I
doubt his courage or his talents—but here is an instance of the want of
common discrimination into which he is occasionally hurried, by undue
reverence for British intellect and British opinion. In a review of “The
Drama of Exile and Other Poems” by Miss Barrett, (now Mrs. Browning,) he
speaks of the following passage as “in every respect
faultless—sublime:”

        Hear the steep generations how they fall
        Adown the visionary stairs of Time,
        Like supernatural thunders—far yet near,
        Sowing their fiery echoes through the hills!

Now here, saying nothing of the affectation in “adown;” not alluding to
the insoluble paradox of “far yet near;” not mentioning the inconsistent
metaphor involved in the sowing of fiery echoes; adverting but slightly
to the misusage of “like” in place of “as;” and to the impropriety of
making any thing fall like _thunder_, which has never been known to fall
at all; merely hinting, too, at the misapplication of “steep” to the
“generations” instead of to the “stairs”—(a perversion in no degree
justified by the fact that so preposterous a figure as _synecdoche_
exists in the school-books:)—letting these things pass, we shall still
find it difficult to understand how Mrs. Browning should have been led
to think the principal idea itself—the abstract idea—the idea of
_tumbling down stairs_, in any shape, or under any circumstances—either
a poetical or a decorous conception. And yet Mr. Whipple speaks of it as
“sublime.” That the lines narrowly _missed_ sublimity, I grant:—that
they came within a step of it, I admit; but, unhappily, the step is that
_one_ step which, time out of mind, has intervened between the sublime
and the ridiculous. So true is this that any person—that even I—with a
very partial modification of the imagery—a modification that shall not
interfere with its richly spiritual _tone_—may elevate the passage into
unexceptionability. For example:

        Hear the far generations—how they crash
        From crag to crag down the precipitous Time,
        In multitudinous thunders that upstartle
        Aghast, the echoes from their cavernous lairs
        In the visionary hills!

No doubt my version has its faults; but it has at least the merit of
consistency. Not only is a mountain more poetical than a pair of stairs,
but echoes are more appropriately typified as wild beasts than as seeds;
and echoes and wild beasts agree better with a mountain than does a pair
of stairs with the _sowing_ of seeds—even admitting that these seeds be
seeds of fire, and be sown broadcast “among the hills” by a steep
generation while in the act of tumbling down the stairs—that is to say,
of coming down the stairs in too great a hurry to be capable of sowing
the seeds as accurately as all seeds should be sown:—nor is the matter
rendered any better for Mrs. Browning, even if the construction of her
sentence be understood as implying that the fiery seeds were sown, not
immediately by the steep generations that tumbled down the stairs, but
mediately, through the intervention of the “supernatural thunders” that
were _occasioned_ by the steep generations that were so unlucky as to
tumble down the stairs.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                         THE TELEGRAPH SPIRIT.


                          BY JNO. S. DU SOLLE.


The telegraph-wires utter, when the wind blows, certain singularly sad,
yet spirited music-tones. When they pass through the leaves of a tree
the effect is strangely beautiful.

    Mysterious Spirit! hark! I hear thee voicing,
      Up where the wind-breath woos thee, with its tone
    Of mingled mournfulness and strange rejoicing—
      As though ’twould fear thee, yet to love were prone.
    What doth it whisper ’mid the green tree’s shading?
      Or art thou trembling, not with hope but ire?
    Chid’st thou its love? Or is it thee upbraiding
      With thine inconstant tongue of living fire?

    Is it some life-tale thou art subtly telling?
      Some tale of dark and passionate romance—
    That the young leaflets seem with wonder swelling,
      Shrink at thy touch, and eye thee so askance?
    Or are they timid only with emotion?
      And pout their tiny lips up but for show,
    O’er some new story of the heart’s devotion,
      That thou art murmuring to the earth below?

    Or, ravished from the grasp of Time and Distance,
      Com’st thou with News, to gift, with sudden joy,
    The sad heart with a sense of fresh existence—
      Making the old man feel once more a boy?
    Or bear’st thou words to soothe not, but to sunder?
      Quietly rupturing the holiest ties—
    Just as the lightning’s flash, without its thunder,
      Blasts what it looks on with its venomous eyes!

    Or is’t, oh, Captive One! thy life-voice fretting,
      That, like a caged-bird wrested from its home,
    (Thy fluttering wing its sky paths unforgetting,)
      Along thy prison-wires such murmurs come?
    I hear thee now! And chafing, ah, how vainly!
      For they have chained the death-glance of thine eye—
    Sightless as Samson—struggling more insanely—
      Thou couldst not if thou wouldst, lie down and die!

                 *        *        *        *        *



                              CAIUS MARIUS


                     AMIDST THE RUINS OF CARTHAGE.

                         A SKETCH FROM HISTORY.


 BY W. GILMORE SIMMS, AUTHOR OF “GUY RIVERS,” “THE YEMASSEE,” “RICHARD
                              HURDIS,” &c.


      _The Dungeon of Minturnæ._

      MARIUS. THE CIMBRIAN.

  Marius.  What art thou, wretch, that in the darkness com’st,
The midnight of this prison, with sly step,
Most fit for the assassin, and bared dagger
Gleaming in thy lifted grasp!

  Cimbrian.                   I am sent by those
Whose needs demand thy death. A single stroke
Sets us both free forever—thou from Fate,
Me from Captivity.

  Marius.          Slave, hast thou the heart
To strike at that of Marius!

  Cimbrian.                That voice! that name
Disarm me; and those fearful eyes that roll
Like red stars in the darkness, fill my soul
With awe that stays my hand. Master of the world,
The conqueror of my people hast thou been!
I know thee as a Fate! I cannot harm thee.

  Marius.  Go to thy senders, and from Marius, say,
That, if they bare the weapon for my breast,
Let them send hither one who has not yet
Looked in a master’s eye. ’Tis not decreed
That I shall perish yet, or by such hands
As gather in Minturnæ. Get thee hence!

                   ——

      _Public Hall of Minturnæ._

      MAGISTRATES. THE CIMBRIAN. AUGUR.

  Cimbrian.  I cannot slay this man. Give me to strike
Some baser victim, or restore to me
My chains. I cannot purchase at such price
The freedom that I covet.

  Magistrate.           Yet this man
Conquered thy people.

  Cimbrian.        He hath conquered me!

  Augur.                                And he must conquer still!
His hour is not yet come. The Fates reserve
His weapon for their service. They have need
Of his avenging ministry, to purge
The world of its corruptions. I behold
A fearful vision of the terrible deeds
That wait upon his arm. Let him go free.
Give him due homage; clothe him with fresh robes;
Speed him in secret with a chosen bark
To other shores. So shall your city ’scape
Rome’s wrath, and his hereafter.

  Magistrate.                   It is well:
This counsel looks like wisdom.

  Augur.                      It is more!
So the Gods speak through their interpreter.

  Magistrate.  Release him straightway—send him forth in honor;
We give him freedom—let the gods give safety.

                   ——

      _Island of Ænaria._

      MARIUS. CETHEGUS.

  Cethegus.   Thou hast slept, Marius.

  Marius.  And thou hast watched my sleep.
Ah! truest friend and follower, not in vain;
Dismiss that cloudy trouble from thy brows,
The doubts that vex thy heart; for know that Fate
Still has me in its keeping, and decrees
Yet other deeds and conquests at my hand,
And still one glorious triumph. I shall be
Once more, in Rome, a Consul! When a child,
Sporting, on summer slopes, beneath old hills,
Seven infant eagles, from a passing cloud,
Dropt clustering in my lap. The Augurs thence
Gave me seven times the Roman Consulate.

  Cethegus.                          Thou hast had it six.

  Marius.    One other yet remains.

  Cethegus.  Alas! the Fates but mock thee with a dream;
For know that, while thou sleptst, our treacherous bark
Loosed sail, and left the shores.

  Marius.                      Gone!

  Cethegus.                         Clean from sight.

  Marius.  Ha! ha! Now thank the gods that watch my sleep,
And save me when the might of man would fail!
Courage, my friend, that vessel speeds to wreck,
Racked on some lurking rock beneath the wave,
Or foundering in the tempest. We are safe!

  Cethegus.                            Thou’rt confident.

  Marius.  As Fate and Hope can make me.
Yet look! there is an omen. We must fly
This place for other refuge. See the strife
Betwixt these deadly scorpions on the sands.

  Cethegus.  What read’st thou in this omen?

  Marius.                                    Sylla’s soldiers
Are fast upon our heels. Get to the shore;
Some fisher’s boat will help us from the land,
And bear us whither the directing fates
Decree for refuge—safely o’er the seas
That gulphed our treacherous vessel.

  Cethegus.                         Be it so!
I follow thee whatever be thy fate!

  Marius.                         Hark! dost thou hear?

  Cethegus.                                          What sound?

  Marius.   The tramp of horse;
And lo! the boat awaits us by the shore!

                   ——

_Marius, alone, seated among the Ruins of Carthage._

  Alone, but not a captive—not o’ercome
By any fate, and reckless of its doom,
Even midst the ruins by his own arm made,
There sits the Exile, lone, but unafraid!
What mighty thoughts, that will not be repressed,
Warm his wild mood, and swell his laboring breast;
What glorious memories of the immortal strife,
Which gave him fame, and took from Carthage life;
That giant-like, sea rival of his own
Proud realm, still challenging the sway and throne;
Doomed in long conflict, through experience dread,
To bend the neck at last, to bow the head;
To feel his foot upon her lordly brow,
And yield to him who shares her ruins now.

  How o’er his soul, with passion still that gushed,
The wondrous past with all its memories rushed;
These ruins made his monument. They told
Of wisest strategy, adventure bold.
Dread fields of strife—an issue doubtful long,
That tried his genius, and approved it strong;
That left him robed in conquest, and supreme,
His country’s boast, his deeds her brightest theme;
Written in brass and marble—sung in strains
That warm the blood to dances in the veins;
That make young hearts with wild ambition thrill,
And crown the spirit with achieving will;
That seem eternal in the deeds they show,
And waken echoes that survive below;
Brood o’er the mortal slumbering in the tomb,
And keep his name in song, his works in bloom,
Till envious rivals, hopeless of pursuit,
Join in the homage, who till then were mute;
Catch up the glorious anthem, and unite
To sing the bird they could not match in flight;
Content to honor where they could not shame,
And praise the worth they could not rob of fame.

  How, with these memories gathering in his breast,
Of all the labors that denied him rest—
Of all the triumphs that his country bore
To heights of fame she had not won before—
Broods he, the exile from his state and home,
On what awaits thee and himself, O Rome!
Of what thy hate deserves, and his decrees,
Whom thou hast brought unwilling to his knees.
No sad submission yields he to his fate,
So long as solace comes to him from hate,
Or hope from vengeance. In his eyes, ye trace
No single look to recompense disgrace;
With no ambition checked, no passion hushed,
No pride o’erthrown, no fond delusion crushed;
With every fire alive that ever swayed,
His soul as lordly as when most obeyed,
He broods o’er wrongs, forgetful of his own,
And from his heart hears vengeance cry alone.
Fixed on the ruins round him, his dread eye
Glances, as if fastened on his enemy;
His hand is on the fragment of a shrine
That Hate may henceforth deem a thing divine:
Grasped firmly—could the fingers but declare
How dread the oath the soul was heard to swear!
The awful purpose nursed within, denies
Speech to the lips, but lightens up the eyes,
Informs each muscle with the deadliest will,
But till the murderous moment, bids “be still!”

  Come read, ye ministers of Fate, the lore
That fills the dark soul of the fiend ye bore;
Reveal the secret purpose that inspires
That deadly mood, and kindles all its fires;
Scan the dread meaning in that viperous glance
Fixed on those ruins in intensest trance,
That nothing speaks to that it still surveys,
And looks within alone with meaning gaze;
Unclose that lip, that rigidly compressed,
Stops the free rush of feeling from the breast;
And on that brow, with seven deep furrows bound,
Write the full record of his thought profound.
What future scene beneath that piercing eye
Depicts the carnage and the victory;
The flashing steel—the shaft in fury sped—
The shrieking victim, and the trampled dead:
Say, what wild sounds have spelled that eager ear,
That stretches wide, the grateful strain to hear;
How many thousands perish in that cry
That fills his bloody sense with melody;
What pleading voices, stifling as they swell,
Declare the vengeance gratified too well?
What lordly neck, beneath that iron tread,
Strangled in utterance, leaves the prayer unsaid?
What horrid scene of triumph and of hate,
Do ye discover to this man of Fate,
Which, while his Fortune mocks the hope he bears,
Consoles his Past, and still his Future cheers?

  He hath no speech, save in the ruins round;
But there’s a language, born without a sound,
A voice whose thunders, though unuttered, fly
From the red lightnings of the deep-set eye;
There passion speaks of hate that cannot spare,
Still tearing those who taught him how to tear;
One dream alone delighting his desire—
The dream that finds the fuel for his fire;
Let fancy shape the language for his mood,
And speak the purpose burning in his blood.

                   ——

  Marius.  “If thou hadst ears, O Carthage! for the voice
That speaks among thy ruins, it would cheer
The spirit that was crushed beneath my heel,
To hear the tongue of thy destroyer swear
To live as thy avenger. I have striven
For Rome against thee, till, in frequent strife,
Thy might was overthrown—thy might as great
As Rome’s in days most palmy—save in this:
Thou hadst no soul as potent in thy service,
As I have been in hers. And thou, and all—
The Gaul, the Goth, the Cimbrian—all the tribes
That swelled the northern torrents, and brought down,
Yearly, the volumed avalanche on Rome,
Have sunk beneath my arm, until secure
She sat aloft in majesty, seven-throned,
And knew or feared no foe. This was my work—
Nor this alone; from the patrician sway,
That used her as the creature of his will,
I plucked her eagles, casting down his power
Beneath plebeian footstep. For long years
Of cruellest oppression and misrule,
I took a merited vengeance on her pride,
Debasing her great sons, that in their fall
Her people might be men. I loved her tribes,
Since they were mine. I made their homes secure;
I raised their free condition into state—
And I am here! These ruins speak for me—
An exile; scarred with honorable wounds,
At seventy years, alone and desolate.

  “But the o’er-ruling Deities decree
My triumph. From thy ruins comes a voice
Full of most sweet assurance. Hark! it cries
To me as thy avenger. Thou forgiv’st
My hand the evil it has wrought on thee,
That the same hand, upon thy conqueror’s head
May work like ruin. The atoning Fates
Speak through thy desolation. They declare
That I shall tread the ungrateful city’s streets,
Armed with keen weapon and consuming fire,
And still unglutted rage. My wrath shall sow
The seeds of future ruins in her heart,
So that her fall, if far less swift than thine,
Shall be yet more complete. She shall consume
With more protracted suffering. She shall pass
Through thousand ordeals of the strife and storm,
Each bitterer than the last—each worse than thine—
A dying that shall linger with its pain
Its dread anxieties, its torturing scourge;
A period long as life, with life prolonged,
Only for dire, deserved miseries.
Her state shall fluctuate through successive years,
With now great shows of pride—with arrogance
That goes before destruction—that her fall
May more increase her shame. The future grows—
Drear characters, as written on a wall—
In fiery lines before me; and I read
The rise of thousands who shall follow me,
Each emulous of vengeance fell as mine,
By mine at first begotten. Yet why gaze
In profitless survey of the work of years,
Inevitable to the prescient soul,
And leave our own undone? I hear a voice
Reproaching me that I am slow to vengeance;
I, whom the Fates but spare a few short hours,
That I may open paths to other masters,
For whom they find the scourge. They tutor me
That mine’s a present mission; not for me
To traverse the wide future in pursuit
Of those who shall succeed me in their service,
But to speed onward in the work of terror,
So that no hungering Fate, the victim ready,
Shall be defrauded of its prey. I rise,
Obeying the deep voice that, from these ruins,
Rings on mine ear its purpose. I obey,
And bound to my performance as the lion,
Long crouching in his jungle, who at last
Sees the devoted nigh. The impatient blood
Rounds with red circle all that fills mine eye;
A crimson sea receives me, and I tread
In billows thus incarnadined from nations
That bleed through ages thus at every vein.
Be satisfied, ye Fates! Ye gods, who still
Lark homeless in these ruins that ye once
Made sacred as abodes, and deemed secure,
I take the sword of vengeance that ye proffer,
And swear myself your soldier. I will go,
And with each footstep on some mighty neck,
Shall work your full revenge, nor forfeit mine!
Dost thou not feel my presence, like a cloud,
Before my coming, Rome?[A] Is not my spirit,
That goes abroad in earnest of my purpose,
Upon thy slumbers, City of the Tyrant,
Like the fell hag on breast of midnight sleeper,
That loads him with despair? Alone I come;
But thousands of fell ministers shall crowd
About me with their service—willing creatures
That shall assist me first to work on thee,
And last upon themselves! The daylight fades,
And night belongs to vengeance. I depart,
Carthage, to riot on thy conqueror’s heart.”

  Silent once more the ruins—dark the night,
Yet vengeance speeds with unembarrassed flight;
No fears delay, no toils retard the speed
Of that fierce exile, sworn to deadliest deed;
And thou, O Queen of Empires, now secure
Of state that might be peaceful, were it pure,
Too soon thy halls shall echo with the yell
That summons human fiends to works of hell!
Ambition, long unsated, urged by Hate,
Queen of the Nations, speaks thy mournful fate;
Thy valor wasted, and thy might in vain,
Thy virtues sapped to break thy despot’s chain;
Long didst thou rule, in simple courage strong,
The guardian friend of right, the foe to wrong;
Great in thyself, and conscious of the sway
That kept meet progress with the march of day;
That from all nations plucked the achieving arts,
That make sway sov’reign in a people’s hearts;
Proud on thy heights rose forms to worship dear,
There swelled the temple’s crest, the column there,
Each with its chronicle to spell the soul,
And each most precious to the crowning whole;
A world thyself—a wondrous world—that made
The admiring nations silent in thy shade;
Genius and art commingling in thy cause,
And gods presiding o’er thy matchless laws.
  But dark the hour impends—the storm is nigh,
And thy proud eagles flaunt no more the sky;
Thou hast not kept thy virtues to the last,
And all thy glories centre in thy past—
Thy safety in thy glories. From beneath
Thy altars swells the midnight cry of death;
The tocsin summons—not to brave the foe,
But to make bare thy bosom to the blow;
From thy own quiver flies the shaft of doom,
And thy own children hollow out thy tomb.
The exulting shouts that mock thee in thy shame,
Were those that led thee once to heights of fame;
The bird that swoops to riot on thy breast,
Is the same eagle that made safe thy nest.
Hark at his shrilly scream! the sleuth-hounds wake,
The bloody thirst which in thy heart they slake;
Thy proud patricians, hunted down, survey
The herds they kept most busy with the prey.
These are the flocks they fostered from their foes,
And these are first to drink the blood that flows.
Wondrous the arts of vengeance, to inspire
The maddened son to prey upon the sire!
Wondrous the skill that fierce plebeian wields
To make this last the bloodiest of his fields.
Vain all thy prayer and struggle—thou art down,
His iron footstep planted on thy crown;
But in thy fate, ’tis something for thy pride,
Thus self-destroyed, thou mighty suicide!

-----

[A] The reader will be reminded by this passage of that noble and solemn
speech made by the Ghost of Sylla, at the opening of Ben Johnson’s
tragedy of Catiline: “Dost thou not feel me, Rome, etc.”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                       SONG.—THE CONGRATULATION.


    Give wings to thy wildest hopes,
      For thy destiny now is known,
    And even a lover’s dreams
      Could scarcely thus high have flown.

    Give wings to thy wildest dreams—
      The loved one now is thine,
    Nor moveth there on the earth
      A being so like divine.

    A form so noble and free,
      A heart so high and so true;
    Oh! thine is as bright a star
      As gleams in yon sky of blue.

    Then give to thy glad thoughts wings,
      Thy raptures no more conceal,
    For to thee every coming hour
      Can only new joys reveal.
                            WILFRED.

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration: THE MEETING OF THE WATERS.]

                 *        *        *        *        *



                   GEMS FROM MOORE’S IRISH MELODIES.


                   NO. I.—THE MEETING OF THE WATERS.


                            [SEE ENGRAVING.]

There are two things that never grow old—good poetry and good music.
They live in the heart like the memory of a beloved friend. Good poetry
is the out-birth of real emotions. It is the language of the affections.
When the heart feels deeply its utterance takes the form of poetry; and
when it seeks to vary its affections and give them a deeper and more
expressive form, it seeks the aid of music. Poetry, in coming into the
mind, touches it with a sense of beauty, moves its sympathies, or
elevates it into a higher appreciation of the pure and heroic; but when
music is married to immortal verse, all becomes more intense and real.
How fully this is perceived when we hear some familiar ballad or fine
lyric sung with skill and taste. We saw beauties before, but now we feel
them.

With Moore’s exquisite Irish Melodies, we have been familiar from
childhood as poetry and music united. “The Meeting of the Waters,” “The
Last Rose of Summer,” “The Legacy,” “Come Rest in this Bosom,” and a
dozen besides that could be named, we think of but to love. Fashionable
they are not, because the fashion of this world changeth, and in
fashionable assemblages we rarely hear them; but now and then a gentle
friend warbles them for us in private—or some one bold enough for an
innovation, ventures upon a “Melody” in public. How the old sounds stir
the heart! How old associations and old feelings come up from the dim
past!

The words of these melodies were all written to old airs, familiar
throughout Ireland—native airs born from the hearts of the people, and,
like links in a golden chain, binding their hearts together. We need not
say how well Moore performed his task. Their popularity, for nearly half
a century, would make praise an idle tribute. Before these songs were
written, the wildly-beautiful, tender, and often spirit-thrilling
melodies of the people found only an imperfect utterance. But, when
words in correspondence with the music were given, the whole island
broke forth into song as by a single impulse. And, soon Albion took up
the strains responsive to her sister Erin, (we wish she had not proved
to Erin so unnatural a sister,) and for once, at least, found something
to admire and love that was born in the Emerald Island.

A remarkable instance of the power of some of these melodies over the
heart is that related of Lucretia Davidson. She was particularly
sensitive to music, and there was a song, “Moore’s Farewell to his
Harp,” to which she took a great fancy, and which always affected the
fine poetical organism of her mind in a peculiar manner. She wished to
hear it only in the twilight. Then she would listen to the strain until
she became cold, pale, and almost fainting. It was her favorite of all
songs, and gave occasion to the verses addressed, in her fifteenth year,
to her sister.

It was not the words of this song that alone affected Miss Davidson.
Without the melody in which they found a more perfect utterance, she
might never have thought of them after the first reading. But the music
spoke to her in the heart’s own language, and her spirit felt an intense
sympathy.

Of this particular native air, Moore says, it is “one that defies all
poetry to do it justice.”

Among the most tender and beautiful of the Irish Melodies is that known
as “The Meeting of the Waters,” Maclise’s exquisite illustration of
which we give in the present number of Graham. In the summer of 1807
Moore paid a visit to the Vale of Avoca, in the county of Wicklow, where
the two rivers Avon and Avoca meet, a most lovely and enchanting spot.
This visit suggested the song which has since been so wide a favorite,
and which has associated the vale of Avoca with all that is charming and
romantic.

           “THE MEETING OF THE WATERS.

    “There is not in this wide world a valley so sweet,
    As that vale in whose bosom the bright waters meet;
    Oh! the last rays of feeling and life must depart,
    Ere the bloom of that valley shall fade from my heart.

    “Yet, it _was_ not that nature had shed o’er the scene
    Her purest of crystal and brightest of green;
    ’Twas _not_ her soft magic of streamlet or hill,
    Oh! no, it was something more exquisite still.

    “’Twas that friends, the beloved of my bosom, were near,
    Who made every dear scene of enchantment more dear,
    And who felt how the best charms of nature improve
    When we see them reflected from looks that we love;

    “Sweet vale of Avoca! how calm could I rest
    In thy bosom of shade, with the friends I love best.
    Where the storms that we feel in this cold world should cease,
    And our hearts, like thy waters, be mingled in peace.”

The vale of Avoca, thus made classic ground, thousands have since
visited; and the tourist through Ireland would as soon think of
neglecting the lakes of Killarney as “the vale in whose bosom the bright
waters meet.”

From among the many descriptions of this beautiful spot, we will select
that given by an American lady who visited Ireland in 1845. It is brief
but eloquent. She says—

“It was Ireland’s summer twilight, lingering long, as though loth to
draw the curtain closely about a bright isle in a dark world like this.
It was early in July, the rich foliage had attained its maturity, and
not a seared leaf was sprinkled on bush or tree, to warn that autumn was
near. For the first mile the road was smooth and broad, lined with
trees, now and then a white gate with white stone pillars, opening to
some neat cottage or domain; the glowing streaks of the setting sun had
not left the western sky, and glimmered through the trees; while the
air, made fragrant by the gentle shower, diffused through body and mind
that calmness which seemed to whisper, ‘Be silent; it is the Vale of
Avoca you are entering.’ We descended a declivity, and the vale opened
upon us at ‘the Meeting of the Waters.’ The tree under which Moore sat
when he wrote the sweet poem had been pointed to me in the morning. We
now stood near the union of the two streams, where the poet says,

    ‘There is not in the wide world a valley so sweet,
    As the vale in whose bosom the bright waters meet.’

The rich variety of wood; the still, clear, limpid water; the hill and
vale, in some parts dark and wild, in others light and soft, ever and
anon relieving the eye by some new variety; but above all, the pleasant
association that this vale, however dark and deep its recesses, harbors
not a venomous serpent or reptile—no, not even the buzz of the mosquito
is heard—made it unlike all others. We rode three miles, scarcely
uttering a syllable all the while; a holy repose seemed to rest on this
hallowed spot, as when it first bloomed under the hand of its Maker, and
imagination was prompted to say, as no serpent has ever coiled here, the
contaminating touch of sin has not left its impress.

“Never did I leave a spot more reluctantly; it was a night scene which
never has faded from my eye, and I hope never will.

    ‘O! the last rays of feeling and life must depart,
    Ere the bloom of that valley shall fade from my heart.’

In the deep silence, the voice of God and the soft whisper of angels
seemed to be there. These voices said kindly, ‘There is mercy yet for
poor erring man.’ It appeared like the bow of the covenant, telling us
to look and remember that though this world has been cursed by sin, yet
a new heaven and earth are promised, of which this is a shadowy
resemblance.

“The borders of this valley are interspersed with gentlemen’s seats, and
here and there dotted with the white-washed cottages of the peasants;
and the rich cluster of foliage upon the hill sides, upon bush and tree,
almost persuade you that the dew of Hermon has fallen upon them.
Stranger, when you visit Ireland, visit the Vale of Avoca. If you love
God, here you will see him in a picture that must be read; if your stay
be limited, waste it not in decyphering a time-defaced stone, telling
the bloody deeds of some ancient warrior, or the austerity of some
long-lived ascetic; but linger in this spot; stop at the neat little
hotel, erected on purpose for the accommodation of the stranger; and
morning, noon, and night explore its never-dying beauties of light and
shade. Three times did I go through, and when I turned away at last, I
felt that

           ‘I could stay there forever to wander and weep.’”

                                                             T. S. A.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                          THE LONE GRAVE-YARD.


                       BY HON. J. LEANDER STARR.


    On Nyack’s shore the mighty Hudson flows,
    And on its banks the weeping willow grows;
    A wood-embowered spot thus shaded o’er,
    Lies half-concealed, sloping toward the shore.

    Beneath the willows which are growing there,
    Repose the forms of those once young and fair;
    The aged, too, here rest in mystic sleep,
    And here the widow often comes to weep.

    It is a lovely spot for those who think—
    For close beside the forest-covered brink,
    The placid river rolls its gentle waves,
    And breezes fresh fan o’er the silent graves.

    Oft here I have sat on a still summer day,
    When lured from city life, and cares away;
    And lost in contemplation here reclined,
    And sought to calm the turbulence of mind.

    The bright sun sparkling on the rippled wave,
    The light-winged bird chanting on every grave,
    The balmy, pure, and health-restoring breeze,
    Sporting its gambols through the leafy trees.

    In such a spot whole hours have past and fled,
    With no companionship except the dead;
    Yet not _time lost_, for even the silent tomb
    Proclaims its lesson—teaches of our doom.

    And we may read, while thoughtful and alone,
    A useful lesson from the sculptured stone;
    And lay to heart, and in our own behalf,
    The moral found in every epitaph.

    How calm the mind when rambling ’mid such scenes,
    What lessons thus the soul unconscious gleans!
    How vapid—worthless—now seem worldly cares,
    How vain and mad our mis-spent life appears.

    The busy world drives fast its votaries on,
    Months succeed days, and years these months again;
    Then life is o’er—“the morning vapor” fled!
    And we take rank with the unnumbered dead.

    Who would not choose his grave in village ground?
    Nature all calm—all sympathy—around!
    Instead of that false mockery and wo,
    Which city pageants, grand and heartless, show.

    Numbered among the village dead I’d lie,
    This be my resting-place whene’er I die!
    No epitaph—no tomb-stoned fulsome fame,
    But simply this—_the record of my name_.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                             THE CAPTIVES.


                   A TALE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.


                           BY S. D. ANDERSON.


No portion of the infant colonies suffered more from the rude and
unsparing hand of war than did the South, and especially the Carolinas.
The storm of desolation fell with double fury on those devoted sections
of our country, not only from the foreign invaders, seeking to strike
down the germ of our liberties, but also from the intestine foes with
which she was cursed. This latter kind of warfare was the more to be
dreaded, as it fell alike on the old and the young—the blooming youth
and the blushing maiden. No condition was permitted to escape. Gray
hairs were nothing in the estimation of those fiends in human shape,
called Tories. Children were taken from a weeping mother and consigned
to a lingering death; beauty was torn from the bridal altar, and
innocence from the house of prayer; all the kind and holy feelings of
the human heart were given to the winds, and the family hearth, and even
the household circle were often made the scene of a brutal death. Such
were some of the dangers and difficulties our fathers had to encounter
in the struggle for Independence.

A beautiful day, in the spring of 1781, was drawing to a close. The day
had been warm, but now the genial breeze of night, so peculiarly
pleasing in southern climates, had sprung up. Dim twilight had taken the
place of day, the song of the night-bird was beginning to be heard in
the wood, the deep-green foliage of the pines looked still deeper in the
fast increasing shadows of night, and one by one the stars took their
places in the sky. Silence still and deep rested all around; and naught
was heard save the occasional hoot of the solitary owl far in the sombre
depths of the forest that shaded both sides of the road, (if such the
dimly marked path might be called,) which led through this section of
the wood. The ground was covered with a dense growth of pines and other
trees, interlaced with wild vines and smaller shrubbery, so that their
shade, even in daylight, excluded from the eye every thing that was
removed a few paces from the road-side, but now, as the darkness came
down, all was a blank. Suddenly the stillness of the scene was broken by
a slight noise, and a solitary horseman emerged from the cover of the
wood into the opening. When he had gained the road, he checked his
horse, and carefully examined the vicinity, as if to satisfy himself of
the safeness of his position, as well as to mark the locality of the
spot. This caution seemed to proceed as much from a settled habit of
watchfulness, common in days of peril, as from a sense of personal
danger. In appearance the stranger seemed not to have arrived at the
full age of manhood. He was clad in a hunting-frock of blue domestic,
common in those days among the inhabitants of the Southern States. The
style and finish of the dress, however, bespoke more than usual
attention to the fitness of the articles. Around his waist was girded a
broad leather belt, embellished in front with a massive buckle, and
underneath this might have been seen, almost concealed by the folds of
his coat, a pair of pistols, such as were used by the horsemen of that
day. His pantaloons were of the same materials as his coat, and on his
head he wore a hat that differed from that of a common citizen of the
times, only in the additional ornament of a small cockade, worn on the
left side near the top. This, with a pair of boots made of untanned
leather, and armed with rude spurs, made up the costume of the new
comer. In stature he was rather over the usual standard, but not so much
so as to take from his figure its appearance of grace and activity. His
features were large and manly, and his complexion, though darkened by
exposure to the burning rays of the southern sun, still showed the tinge
of blood upon the cheek. His eyes were dark and piercing, and a
profusion of black and curling hair covered a finely-shaped head. In the
whole appearance and bearing of the individual could be read the love of
the daring and adventurous, shared in common with the noble and
chivalrous sons of the South in those days of peril and danger.

After he seemed to have been satisfied of the absence of any intruder,
he advanced a short distance up the path we have mentioned, until he
gained a place where the underwood was still more dense and
impenetrable. It was a small ravine, made by a rivulet in the wet
seasons, but at this time was dry. There the branches of the trees
interlaced and formed a natural retreat, so dense as to preclude its
being reached with any chance of success. When immediately in front of
this, he raised his hands to his mouth and produced a sound so nearly
resembling the cry of the wood-owl, that a person who was not very
familiar with the singular note of this bird must have been mistaken. It
was immediately repeated from the ravine, and in a short time a second
person made his egress from the leafy ambush. The appearance of the new
comer differed in all respects from that of the first. He was a modern
Hercules in frame and figure, and bore the marks of long and severe
service in sun and storm. But he was dressed much after the fashion of
his companion, though the materials were of a coarser kind, and boasted
no ornaments. He wore on his head a cap made of the skin of a fox. His
arms were the usual brace of pistols, but in addition he bore in his
hand a short rifle, and slung from his broad shoulder was the
powder-horn and bullet-pouch of the forest ranger. In his face could be
seen the marks of the frontier life—good-nature and courage—a man to
trust in danger—a friend when most needed. He advanced with slow and
cautious steps until he gained the edge of the wood, and then raising
his rifle into a position for immediate use, he breathed in a faint but
distinct voice “Hawks.” He waited a moment, and then the voice of the
stranger repeated, “_They fly_.” “_All’s right_,” was the glad answer
from the forester, and breaking from the thicket, he seized the hand of
the horseman with a nerve and energy that made the blood tingle to the
ends of the fingers.

“Well, Harry, what of the cavalcade?” asked the younger of the men, in a
voice that bespoke the excitement under which he was laboring. “Have
they passed? How many of them were there?”

“Oh, a score or more of the villains,” answered the other, in a bold,
free voice, “and young Wilson and his sister in the midst. They seemed
particularly choice of him, as he was lashed to one of the largest of
the gang; but what is to be done—have you seen the captain?”

“No,” replied the other, in an excited manner, “he has not returned from
the Santee. If the captain was but here, we would soon teach these
renegades better manners than to fire and kill at pleasure; and the
sister, too—was not the brother enough?”

There was something in the voice and manner of the speaker when he
alluded to the capture of this couple, that told a tale of the feelings,
plainer, perhaps, than he would have wished, if he had been in other
company than that in which he was. When he again spoke, however, he was
more calm and collected. Addressing himself with confidence to his
companion, he said,

“Harry, what would you advise? You have had more experience in this mode
of life than I, and this is an occasion which calls for all our
energies.”

A look of honest pride stole over the face of the forester at this
marked display of the confidence of his superior in rank; but it was
only for a moment, and then the old expression of caution and
determination again resumed its place. After a pause, in which he seemed
to be debating in his mind the better way of serving the wish of the
other, he appeared to have hit upon the plan, and advancing still nearer
to his companion to prevent the possibility of being overheard, he said,
in a low whisper,

“You must go back to the camp and raise the men, I will follow in the
trail of the party; they must have taken the lower route, as the late
defeat of the Tories in the north would make the other unsafe. If I fail
I will meet you at the Big Pine—you will take that road—they cannot
get farther than the Cypress Swamp to-night—I will be there.”

This arrangement seemed to meet the views of the other, as he made no
objections to it, but after some minor matters had been disposed of, the
two prepared to separate. Shaking his companion heartily by the hand,
the younger of the friends struck into the forest in the same direction
as that from which we saw him emerge. The other gazed after him until he
became lost in the darkness of the shadows, and then striking into the
wood in the opposite direction, he proceeded for some distance with
hasty steps, until he gained a spot more densely shaded than usual.
Parting the branches, he entered the enclosure, and in a few moments
came forth leading a horse, which he immediately mounted, and plunged
more deeply into the wood. Leaving our two friends to the fulfillment of
their tasks, we must give the reader some account of the circumstances
that preceded their introduction to us.

William Seaton, the hero of our narrative, was the only child of one of
the oldest families in the South. At the breaking out of the war of the
Revolution, his father took a firm and decided stand in the defense of
the rights of the Colonists, and sealed that defense with his blood. He
fell at the Siege of Charleston, bequeathing to his son the care of a
mother. With the same bold and fearless love of his native land that
distinguished his sire, young Seaton, on the receipt of this
intelligence, hastened home from the little band of men to which he
belonged, and bearing his mother to a place of safety, hurried to rejoin
his comrades again. He had joined that band, by the consent of his
patriot father at the outbreaking of the war, though then but a
stripling, and had acted with them in all those prominent events that
has rendered them so famous in the annals of freedom.

Attached to the same company as Seaton was a young man named Wilson,
like him a volunteer in the cause of liberty; and both being in the
spring of youth and promise, they became mutually attached. The hours
not devoted to labor were spent in the society of each other. In one of
the many changes that the fate of war made in the position of this band
of patriots, they encamped in the vicinity of Wilson’s father, and now,
when the duties of the camp did not call for the attendance of our
friends, the snatches of time were spent at the paternal residence.
George Wilson’s father was far advanced in the vale of years, and
consequently remained neutral, as far as actions went, in the
excitements of the day. But still his heart was with the Colonists in
the unequal struggle for their rights. The chief attraction for Seaton,
however, was Emma Wilson, the sister of George; and she was well worthy
a soldier’s admiration and love. She was a soldier’s sister, full of
noble daring, and untameable spirit. At each visit Seaton lingered
longer and longer. Each glance of his eye was full of meaning, and told
more truly to Emma, than words, the conquest she had made. Seaton feared
to offer the hand of a nameless soldier to the sister of his high-souled
friend, though that hand had been raised at the altar of liberty. But he
was poor, his father had periled his all in the cause of his country,
and it had been wrested from him; and now the son had nothing, save his
sword and the consciousness of rectitude. But that could not prevent the
growth of the passion in the breast of young Seaton; and how often would
he think he saw in the hesitation and blushes of Emma, when he requested
her to sing his favorite songs, something on which to build a lover’s
hopes; and this, though slight, would raise into a flame the fire of his
affections.

Thus stood matters, when, one evening, Seaton started to visit the
Wilson’s, George having been absent some days on account of the illness
of his father. It was some distance from the camp, and as he was in the
dreaming mood, he suffered his horse to proceed at a slow pace, and gave
full vent to his fancy. From this trance he was aroused by a slight
noise, and raising his eyes, he beheld (for a turn of the path brought
him within view of it) the mansion of the Wilsons in flames. Putting
spurs to his steed he soon arrived at the spot. Here all was desolation
and ruin. The truth flashed upon him. It was the work of the Tories. But
what had become of the inmates? Had they fallen victims, or had they
been made captives? No one was visible to solve the question. But no
time was to be lost, and after a hasty survey of the vicinity, he
started in the direction of the camp to report the affair and procure
assistance for the prisoners. On the return he fell in with one of the
scouts, and making known the affair to him, it was determined to fall
upon the trail of the party, if possible to watch them until they should
encamp, and then the scout, by superior knowledge of the windings of the
forest, must return to the camp and ensure the surprise and capture of
the foe. Acting on this, and knowing that the captain was at this time
on his way from the Santee with a body of recruits, Seaton chose the
route most likely to fall in with him, to whom he would communicate the
intelligence and obtain assistance. Giving his instructions to his
companion to await him at the Crossings, he gave the reign to his horse
and dashed into the wood. With the result of this meeting the reader is
already acquainted in the conversation between the two at the
commencement of the story. Buried in the gloom of the ravine, Harry
Burton saw the prisoners pass, guarded by a strong band of the Tories.
Marking their direction, he had in quiet awaited the coming of his
comrade.

Our business now is with the scout. After he parted from his companion,
he left the main route, and striking deeper into the forest, pursued his
way for some time with as much rapidity as the nature of the ground
would admit of, appearing to be guided more by instinct than reason, so
well did he, amid the darkness of the dense wood, find out the different
pathways and crossings of the forest. After continuing his unbroken
course for some time, he turned again in the direction of the main path.
Falling into the stream of a small rivulet that ran in that direction,
he followed it up, as if to prevent any marks of his horse’s feet being
seen in the coming light, if he should not succeed in his enterprise.
Silently and steadily did he ride on until he gained a bend in the
stream, where he dismounted, and leaving his animal in the deep shade of
the trees, continuously advanced to the edge of the pathway, and bent
his gaze long and earnestly along the road. Satisfied of the absence of
any hostile party, he emerged into the clearing, and commenced a careful
survey of the path, with as much accuracy as the faint beams of a
partially risen moon would permit. Long and anxious was the labor, and
not till he was satisfied of the recent passing of a band of mounted men
did it cease. Once confident of this, he again mounted, and pressed on
with renewed vigor, still keeping hid in the shade, though not at so
great a distance as before. Continuing his course for some time, he
gained the top of a hill, and here, for the first time since the passing
of the band at the Crossings, he again gained sight of the captives.
Halting, that the distance between them might be increased, and thus the
danger of discovery lessened, he had a full opportunity to observe them.
No material change had taken place in the aspect of the party since he
last saw them, save that the bonds of the female had been unloosed, and
she was suffered to ride between two of the band. Her brother was still
bound, and his horse fastened to that of one of the escort. The only
circumstance that struck the quick sight and sense of the scout was the
want of that caution and discipline that betokens the consciousness of
danger.

Taking advantage of this want of prudence on the part of his enemies,
the active mind of the scout suggested the bold expedient of pushing
into the front of the party, and by secreting himself in the dense
foliage that skirted both sides of the road, gather, if possible, from
the lips of the Tories, some hints of their designs. Without waiting to
calculate the danger of the undertaking, he again took to the forest,
and putting his steed into a swifter pace, made a circuit of some
distance to avoid the most remote possibility of being seen. Having
again gained the road-side, he took a position more favorable for his
purpose. He did not wait long ere the foremost of the band came in
sight. When sufficiently near, Harry recognized him as one of the most
active and unprincipled of the men who had long been a terror and dread
to that vicinity. He had been an unsuccessful suitor for the hand of
Emma Wilson; and this, joined to his unrelenting hatred of the Whigs,
made the object of the recent attack apparent to the scout. He was
attended by several others of the same character—some actuated by
motives of personal malice, and others by the love of plunder. The
leader appeared in earnest conversation with those who rode near him;
and, as they neared the place where the scout was concealed, the words
of some of them reached his ear. They were directed to the captain of
the band, and were spoken as if in continuation of a question.

“But what do you intend doing with the brother? He fought well, no
matter what else he has done, and deserves a better fate than I fear you
intend for him.”

“He shall have the same fate as his father—death. The one fell by this
hand, by the sword it is true; his son shall die by the rope. I’ll teach
them to refuse me. One more, and then my vengeance is complete. That
young lover of hers, Seaton!—but he cannot escape me; we have tracked
the band that he belongs to, and in a few days he too will be mine. But
how stands my modest beauty?” he asked of one of the gang who just rode
up from the rear. “She shall have a merry ride to-night, and in the
morning—”

“She has fainted from fatigue, and cannot ride farther,” interrupted the
other; “what must be done? As there is no danger from pursuit now, I
think we had better halt for the night. The Cypress is nigh, and that
will be the safest place between here and the Corners. Besides, the
captain, as they call him, is in the south now. So no fear of him.”

“I do not fear him,” answered the leader; and then after a pause of a
few moments he resumed—“Well, give the command to encamp at the swamp.
In the morning we will see what is to be done.”

Saying this, he relapsed into silence, and the other fell back on the
rear to give the orders for the night. Harry waited until the last of
the band had passed his place of concealment, and faded from sight in
the direction of the proposed stopping-place for the night; and then, as
if satisfied with the result of his plan, he again took the backward
trail to wait at the appointed place young Seaton, and his band, if he
should succeed in raising them.

Morning broke upon the forest with unusual freshness and beauty. The dew
sparkled on the young grass—the birds caroled sweetly from the
trees—the streamlet went leaping on its way in gladness, and sending
its music out into the sunny air as if the spirit of rejoicing sat upon
its tiny waves. It was yet early morning when our scene opens in the
camp of the outlaws. Here all was bustle and excitement. Men could be
seen gathered in groups in low conversation, as if some event of more
than usual interest was about to take place. In the centre of the
encampment could be seen two persons we have heretofore described. They
were seated some distance apart; the brother being fastened to a tree in
a sitting posture, with his hands confined to his side, while the sister
was suffered to remain unbound, but subject to a strict guard. He was
already doomed to death, and that the shameful one of the gibbet. Bitter
as was the pang at being cut off in the bloom of life, when the road to
fame was open to his view, and when his suffering and bleeding country
called aloud on all her sons for aid in this desperate contest. Still
this was nothing for him. But then his sister, and that sister the
witness of a father’s murder, was now a captive, and at the mercy of
that father’s murderer—this made the doom doubly bitter. And there at
his side sat that sister mute and tearless, for the dreadful scenes
through which she had passed seemed to have shut up the fountains of her
grief, while he who should have been her protector was now helpless as
herself. These were the thoughts that were coursing through his mind
when the leader of the band approached the spot where he was confined.
If ever vice and malignity had chosen a resting-place, the face of that
man was their home; and now as he gazed upon the consummation of all his
long-cherished plans of lust and vengeance, the time for which he had
hoarded up the passion of years, his look assumed the aspect of a demon.
Calmly he gazed upon the captives, as preparing himself for the
outbreak, and then advancing still nearer, he said—

“Do you accept my proposals, or must I compel you to that you cannot now
avoid?” This was addressed to Emma Wilson. “Accept this hand, and your
brother lives; refuse me, and he dies upon the tree before an hour.”

What answer Emma would have given is unknown, as at this moment her
brother caught the question, and turning to the ruffian, he answered—

“No, Emma, murderer as he is, he dare not do this; and if death must
come, it would be nothing compared to the union with a wretch like
this.”

But then as the helpless condition of that sister, already in the power
of this man, and as the desperate and lawless character of the band, all
pressed upon the mind of the brother, he sunk his voice to a whisper,
and said, as the tears came gushing into his eyes—

“Man, man, if you have the commonest feelings of humanity, I implore you
do not harm my sister. Do with me as you like—give me to the fire, or
the tree—but spare a brother the agonizing thought of a sister’s
shame.”

A bitter smile passed over the face of the outcast as he saw the agony
of his prisoner—a smile that spoke of triumph and revenge—but it was
only for a moment, and when he again spoke, his voice was calm and
resolute.

“And does the high-spirited and haughty blood of the Wilson’s deign to
supplicate me? Me! the outcast they once spurned. To what am I indebted
for this favor? But no!” and sinking his voice into that of a person
fearful of his own passions, he proceeded, “I offer her this hand—if
she accept it you are free, if not, you die—not the death of a man, but
the death of a dog. And still she shall be mine.”

For the first time since the captain of the gang had made his
appearance, Emma raised her eyes to those of her brother. She heard the
determination of the ruffian, and knew from his previous acts that to
will and to do was the same with him. Nerving herself, therefore, for
the contest, she said:

“Do your worst—I never will be yours. Your hand struck down my
gray-haired father when he knelt to you, and your hand raised the torch
to the family roof-tree, and sent us, homeless orphans, out upon the
world. It can but be death, and that is paradise compared to a life with
you.” And then turning to her brother, she continued—“George, I would
do all to save you but dishonor myself and our spotless name—that I
cannot do—forgive me—that is a sister’s resolve.”

“Bless you, Emma, for those words—now I can die.” And sinking his
voice, he continued—“But there still may be hope—our men cannot be far
off, and if Seaton did but know of this.” The paleness of his sister’s
cheek told George he had touched a tender chord, and hastening to
redress the wound he had inflicted, he said—“I do not entirely despair,
if I could but gain a few hours; the captain is still in the field, and
there is still hope.”

The leader had now left them, and the brother and sister now talked of
the past, and Emma’s heart was fast telling her, as the name of Seaton
was mentioned, that she had long and fondly loved him. But this reverie
was interrupted by the return of the outlaw, who had been talking with
some of his band. Advancing still closer to Emma, he said:

“Have you decided?—the time has come, and I am in no mood for
trifling—remember, this is the last chance for your brother’s life.”

“I remember,” replied Emma, “and I have decided—for death—both of us,
for I survive not him.” And drawing a small knife from her bosom, she
said—“Now leave us.”

“’Tis well—you will find me no sluggard in the fulfillment of my
promises,” said the other, his voice hoarse with suppressed passion.
“Here, guard, hang this rebel to the nearest tree; we will find if his
high-bred sister can act as well as talk.”

Obedient to their leader’s command, the outlaws seized upon the
prisoner, and leading him to a little distance from the spot where his
sister sat, commenced the horrid preparations for his death. Shading her
eyes with her hands, Emma sat mute and motionless, the picture of
despair. In haste the fated noose was made and fastened around the neck
of the captive, and now all was ready. Again did the heartless villain
urge the sister to accept the offer of his hand, but this time in mere
mockery; but the words of her brother, as he blessed her for the
resolve, came to her and she sat mute. Stung by this display of courage,
the ruffian now gave the word for the completion of the execution.

The cord had been run over the limb of the tree, and two of the band
waited the signal from the captain. Around had congregated the gang to
witness the proceeding. All was stillness. The spot was wild and
lonely—a single open space amid the dense swamp that on every hand
spread its curtain of foliage, so that the eye could not reach but a
small distance into the environs of the encampment. And there stood that
brother. He had taken the last view of nature—the last farewell of his
sister—the last thought of his country—and now, he stood firm and
collected. And near him was the leader of the band, a glare of triumph
lighting up his eyes as he saw the end of all approaching. Gazing upon
his victim’s face for a moment, he said—

“George Wilson, you once despised me and rejected my friendship. I loved
your sister—you thwarted me in that love, now I am your captor, ask no
mercy—I will grant none.”

“Wretch!” replied Wilson, “I despise alike your friendship and your
mercy. Talk not of love. Such a villain cannot feel the passion; but
think not to escape for this deed, the band to which I belong will not
let my blood be spilt in vain. You tremble at the name—well you may—it
will be a curse on your path, and you will pay a heavy penalty for this
day’s work.”

“No more of this ranting,” interrupted the outlaw. “Think not to fright
me from my purpose. Marion himself could not do that. Ha! ha!—who
conquers now?”

As he finished, he raised his bugle to his lips and blew a shrill
blast—the signal for the execution. The blast was repeated from the
wood, and the last note had not died upon the ear, when breaking from
the thickness came the band of Marion. Had the trump of the Archangel
sounded, it could not have struck greater consternation into the gang,
who stood paralyzed, mute and lifeless as statues. A moment after came
the crash of a hundred rifles, carrying death and dismay into the ranks
of the Tories, followed by the sabres and pistols of the men, and the
iron heels of the horses. Escape was impossible. Surrounded on all
sides, and struck with terror at this unthought of rescue, the ruffians
made no resistance, but fled. Dashing into the midst of the scene, the
rescuers, with young Seaton at their head, soon made a clear field.
Giving orders to capture the few remaining Tories, he dismounted and cut
the bands that confined his friend, who until this time seemed
unconscious of what was acting around. But as he saw the face of his
companion, and recollected other familiar comrades, he awoke, and
seizing the hand of his friend, pressed it in silence.

When the first moment of surprise was over Seaton asked the fate of
Emma, in a tone and manner that told how much of his happiness was
centered there. Her brother pointed to where he had left her, and there
she lay upon the green sod, for she had fainted amid the noise and
tumult of the last few moments. To fly to her and raise her up—to clasp
those soft hands, and sprinkle the pure brow with water, was the work of
a moment for Seaton, and as she recovered and rested her head upon his
bosom, to tell her she was safe, and that her brother was safe, was a
sweet task; and then to hear from those lips the throbs of a guileless
heart, and to read in those bright eyes more than a maiden’s modesty
would tell, was a sweet recompense for Seaton. And now the brother and
sister were united, and Seaton left them to complete the victory. He saw
the day had been won, as one by one his men returned, bringing with them
the bare remnants of the gang. On the ground he discovered the scout
engaged in searching for the body of the leader. It was found, still
holding in his hand the trumpet, as he had held it when the death-shot
had struck him. Giving his orders to the scout, Seaton made instant
preparations for departure. The lover rode by the side of Wilson and his
sister, and from them he heard all the occurrences of the last few
hours. After a ride of some length they reached the camp in safety, and
the next day Emma Wilson was placed under the charge of some friends
remote from the scene of war; but not until she heard from the lips of
Seaton the confession of his love, and he received in return the
assurances of her affection.

The conclusion is soon told. After Seaton left the scout, he repaired to
the camp, and as Marion had not arrived, he assumed the command of the
band, and led them to the place agreed upon by him and the scout. Here
he fell in with Harry who was waiting for them, and he led them to the
Tories’ encampment, where they arrived just in time to thwart the
designs of the outlaws.

Seaton and Wilson continued to serve with Marion until the close of the
war. Both were in most of those daring and successful enterprises which
so distinguished that gallant officer. Harry also served out the war in
the capacity of scout, one of the most dangerous, as well as useful
posts in the army. After the close of the war Seaton pressed his suit
with Emma, and she again became a captive, though this time the chains
were garlanded with flowers. They rebuilt the old family mansion, near
which they erected a monument to the memory of Emma’s father, and with
her brother, who still continued a bachelor, they made their residence
there. Harry had his home there, and in the long winter nights would
tell to the children the story of “THE CAPTIVES.”

                 *        *        *        *        *



                               THE POET.


    Who is the Poet? Know him by
    The downcast and abstracted eye;
    By careless mien and lofty brow;
    By tones so musically low;
    By a pale cheek of spirit light,
    Telling of hopes and visions bright;
    By a deep communing with all
    That earth can good or gentle call;
    By silent reveries and lone
    The Poet, God’s best work, is known.

    Where dwells the Poet? Seek him where
    Voices of music fill the air;
    Where flowers in beauty meet the sun;
    Where streams in gentle silence run;
    Seek him beneath the forest tree,
    Where bird and breeze meet whisperingly;
    Seek him where thunder peals are heard;
    Where the proud elements are stirred;
    Where Nature shows her giant force,
    And earth is troubled in its course.

    Seek him where all that stirs the soul
    Is independent of control;
    Where torrents rush, and lightning gleams,
    Till earth a fierce volcano seems;
    Where the proud ocean, boiling o’er,
    Lashes the weak and frightened shore;
    Where Nature moves in awful might,
    Or proudly smiles in living light;
    Wherever earth hath might or bloom—
    There is the Poet’s cherished home.

    What is the Poet? One who hath
    A lonely and a troubled path;
    He walks through life as in a dream—
    Among mankind, but not of them;
    A strange anomaly of earth—
    A compound of despair and mirth;
    A proud, high spirit, strange and wild,
    Yet gentle as a little child;
    A being filled with love and hate—
    Each powerful—a thing of fate!

    Who are the Poet’s friends? Alas!
    But few in human shape he has;
    Yet Nature shrines a hoard for him,
    Far in her sanctuary dim:
    Forth, from the flowers and gentle streams,
    For him a ray of friendship gleams;
    The breeze that shakes the forest-tree,
    For him hath love and sympathy;
    The sunset cloud a radiance lends—
    And wave and star to him are friends.

    Who is the Poet’s worshiped love?
    A being from the halls above;
    A thing of ideal life and light,
    Intensely beautiful and bright;
    Embodying it in human form,
    With passions redolent and warm—
    But sees, upon a near survey,
    The visionary pass away;
    And finds, instead of hope’s ideal,
    A being cold, and false, and real.

    What is the Poet’s heritage,
    In every clime, in every age?
    While living, disappointment, doubt,
    To wear his wasting spirit out;
    To feel ambition’s haughty fire,
    Yet doomed to see its light expire;
    To struggle on, and toil for fame;
    To bear with scorn, and want, and shame;
    To hope, and find that he must die.
    For him, is life’s sole certainty.

    What is the Poet’s meed, when life
    Has passed, with all its toil and strife?
    A tardy justice to his name;
    A place upon the scroll of fame;
    A wreath of praise which must atone
    For years of suffering dark and lone;
    A guerdon valueless at last,
    When he who would have prized has past
    Far from the sound of man’s rank breath—
    A victor over all—even Death!

    When should the Poet die? At eve,
    When dew-drops glisten on each leaf;
    When stars come forth from their abode
    Beneath the footstool of our God,
    And linger on the holy sky;
    Then should the earth-worn Poet die:
    When all is still, and pure, and calm,
    Beneath the twilight’s hallowed balm—
    When flowers and stars unfold to pray—
    The Poet’s soul should pass away.

    Where should the Poet sleep, when death
    Has chained his proud, aspiring breath?
    For those who loved earth’s gentle bloom,
    Within a quiet lonely tomb,
    Afar the deep still woods among—
    Beneath green shadows, where the song
    Of bird, and bee, and breeze can fall,
    Making it pure and sacred all;
    Where flowers pour forth their latest sigh—
    There should the lowly Poet lie.

    The proud in heart should slumber where
    Enters no sound of earthly air;
    Silent, in some cathedral old,
    Where shadows fall from each marble mould;
    Where the colored radiance scarce can tell
    Of the world he toiled for, long and well—
    Where, side by side, the mighty dead
    A hallowing spell from their proud tombs shed—
    Where the kings of the earth to muse may come—
    The Poet may find his last, long home.

    What is the Poet’s future lot
    When death has passed? Oh, question not!
    Those who in virtue’s pathway trod
    Have found a dwelling with their God;
    Those who, like straying sheep, have erred,
    And doubted His revealed word,
    Their fate is in His power who tries
    Each pilgrim underneath the skies;
    And He who kept the Poet here
    Will bless him in a holier sphere.


                 *        *        *        *        *



                          TAKING TEA SOCIABLY.


                     FROM MY BUDGET OF ADVENTURES.


                            BY ELLA RODMAN.


It was a most lovely afternoon in June, neither inconveniently warm nor
uncomfortably chilly; the birds were singing merrily around, the breeze
came clear and refreshing, and an inexpressible gladness seemed to be
borne on the very atmosphere, while I stood in a state of considerable
satisfaction before the toilet-glass in my own particularly pleasant
little room. Not that I was in the least vain; oh no, I do not think I
was, because I remember wishing that my nose was not quite so
_retroussé_, and wondering if people could have the assurance to call my
eyes green, though, to tell the truth, I did not exactly know what else
to call them myself. I was going out to tea that afternoon; not to meet
a bevy of girls and get up a complete frolic, but to see an old friend
of my mother’s, a regular married woman, with several responsibilities,
who claimed all her care and attention—a place where there was not an
article in the shape of a beau, and yet I wished to be particularly
fascinating, interesting, and agreeable. I wore nothing but a simple
white muslin to be sure, yet I think I have seldom, if ever, taken as
much pains with my toilet as on that particular afternoon. I brushed,
and brushed my hair, which would friz in spite of me; and at last,
finding that I could do no better, I concluded to be sweet simplicity in
natural curls and unadorned innocence. I was pretty short, and pretty
stout, and not much calculated for a heroine at best, and yet as I
clasped a certain little gold cross around my neck, I fell to building
castles in the air, and dreaming scenes from life, in which I figured as
chief performer.

Must I explain? It is rather awkward to expose one’s own little plots
and manœuvres, but I really see no help for it, as this particular one
happens to be the centre around which all my movements revolved. We
lived in the village, which was quite a pretty collection of half houses
half villas, but still it was not _quite_ the country; there were no
handsome edifices standing far back from the road, with noble,
English-looking lawns in front, and endless gardens and a beautiful
water prospect back; oh no! every thing looked far more exact and
methodical, and an actual tea-drinking, with strawberries and cream, at
a real country-seat was not to be despised. There was a very handsome
place about a mile from the village, which had lately been taken by an
old friend of my mother’s, who, on moving from the city, was
considerably shocked and discouraged by the many inconveniences
attending a residence in the country.

Mrs. Morfield, when she had time, was a very entertaining woman, and
always had a great deal to say to my mother, and not much in particular
to me; but she had repeatedly pressed me in a very kind manner to come
and take tea with her sociably; and having never before availed myself
of this invitation, I had now concluded to go. Mrs. Morfield’s good
qualities, however, were considerably enhanced in my estimation by the
knowledge of her being the happy sister of a brother who had been quite
a favorite with me in my younger days. It was now three years since
Henry Auchinclass departed for college, and during that time I had never
once seen him, but his name had been frequently brought forward with a
grand flourish of trumpets, till my curiosity was quite excited to see
if he had altered so much from what I remembered him. Once a fugitive
piece of poetry fell into my hands, after passing through various
channels, and having just begun to admire sentiment, this production of
my old playmate’s stirred up all my ecstasy and enthusiasm. Prizes were
showered upon him at every examination, and in the eyes of his old
acquaintances his brow was encircled with a wreath of laurel that raised
him almost to a level with Shakspeare and Milton. This hero was now
actually coming among us with all his honors fresh upon him; whether he
really had arrived, or was going to arrive that afternoon, I did not
know, but thinking it extremely probable that, as the distance from Mr.
Auchinclass was not far, he would visit his sister as soon as possible,
I was seized with a sudden fancy to execute one of my long promised
tea-drinkings. At our last parting something of a fracas took place; but
I was quite a juvenile then, not more than fourteen, and now, with the
experience and improvement of three additional years, I _collected_ all
my energies to startle him with my fancied transformation.

There was a gentle tap at my door, and, her face quite radiant with
excitement and anticipation, in walked (or rather bounded, for she never
walked,) my chosen colleague, Annie Wilmot. A small basket hung on her
arm, a huge sun-bonnet almost concealed her pretty face, and she was
evidently bound on a strawberry excursion.

“Come, quick!” she exclaimed, “put on your hat, snatch up a basket, and
let us be off, for we shall have a grand time of it. The girls are all
pretty lazy, and require considerable stirring up, but there is a whole
caravan at the door now, waiting for the light of your presence. Come,
Ella, you’re a terrible snail! do make haste!”

_A strawberry excursion!_ Dear me, what an idea! my lip curled at the
very thoughts of it. Soil and tear my white frock among the brambles,
disarrange my carefully smoothed ringlets, and stain my hands like any
old strawberry-picker! I, a young lady of seventeen, perform such an
undignified part!

“I am sorry, Annie,” I replied, “but you really must excuse me in
consequence of a prior engagement.”

“_Prior engagement!_” repeated the laughing girl, mimicking my tone, as
she eyed me from head to foot, “I am afraid you will choke yourself with
big words—have you swallowed Webster, my dear? But really,” she
continued, with a courtesy of mock reverence, “you must excuse my not
being struck with your resplendent appearance before. Pray, if I may be
so bold as to ask, what do all these curls mean, and that cross, and
that particularly unrumpled-looking dress? Do initiate me as to this
prior engagement.”

“I am only going out to tea,” I replied, a little confused, while I
determined not to tell her where, for fear of her suspecting me. “But I
really think,” said I, “that we are too old to go a-strawberrying,
Annie—remember that we are no longer children.”

“Mercy on us! what has got into the girl? _too old to go
a-strawberrying!_ If we are too old to _gather_ strawberries,” said she,
“we must be too old to _eat_ them, so I advise you to give them up at
once. Farewell, Miss Propriety; I shall certainly send you a cap and a
pair of spectacles suited to your advanced years. Wherever you are
going,” she concluded, “I hope you will enjoy yourself as much as we
expect to—but I very much doubt it.”

“So much you know,” thought I; and away bounded my merry visiter,
probably to enlighten the waiting bevy as to the nature of my
objections, for I soon heard a great deal of buzzing and laughter as the
whole troop finally disappeared.

My toilet had received its last finishing touch, I screened my face with
a large sun-bonnet, and taking my parasol for further protection,
sallied forth. I entered upon my journey in a very pleasant frame of
mind; I was benevolently inclined that afternoon, and quite disposed to
view every thing in the best possible light; but notwithstanding this
happy temper, I became reluctantly convinced that walk was one of the
hottest and most disagreeable I had ever taken; the trees were few and
far between, so that it was really fatiguing to get from one to the
other, and scarcely a blade of grass refreshed the eye—nothing but
barren, parched, discouraging looking soil, whereon nothing ever could,
would, or did grow. Resolved, however, not to be damped at the very
outset, I toiled along, shut my eyes to keep out the sun, and tried to
feel happy and contented with my mouth full of dust.

At length, to my great relief, I approached the house, and worn and
exhausted as I was, it burst upon me almost like a vision of
Paradise—looking as cool and shady as possible in the midst of trees
that appeared at least half a century old. I closed the heavy gate
behind me, and walked leisurely up the graveled walk, quite charmed and
enraptured with every thing I saw. Here and there was placed a handsome
marble urn; tubs of orange and lemon-trees lined the whole walk from the
house; and in the back-ground I perceived strawberry-beds, cherry-trees,
and a large green-house. The steps leading to the front entrance were
very broad, and with a light step I sprung up the whole flight, quite
prepared for an afternoon of felicity. Those dark, solemn-looking
trees—there was something sad in their very grandeur. A low melody
played among the leaves as the summer wind wailed gently through them,
and I stood watching and listening, fascinated by a strange power, until
I almost forgot that I was to enter the house. All appeared very still
around, the blinds were closed, and the sound almost startled me as my
hand touched the bell.

Some time elapsed before the ring was answered; I was obliged to give
another, and another—and at length a slatternly-looking Irish girl made
her appearance, who kept the door as closely shut as possible, and by
placing her own substantial person in the aperture, effectually
prevented my efforts at ingress. She appeared by no means to relish my
intention of entering, and saying, in no gentle key: “And is it the
misthress ye’d be wanting to see? She’s busy with the childer, and
pr’aps will not lave them—but walk in a bit till I see.”

I followed my conductor, and entered an apartment on the first floor,
which evidently answered the purpose of a dining-room, and was, without
exception, as dismal-looking an apartment as I ever entered. The black
hair-cloth sofa was ornamented with slits in various places, from which
the stuffing was peeping forth, an exploit of which the young Morfields
were particularly proud; the chairs were in the same condition, the
carpet was torn in various places, and the whole room had a very
poverty-stricken appearance. On the mantel-piece were two large glass
jars, covering pots of very unnatural-looking artificial flowers,
considerably faded; over the sofa hung a picture of a sinking ship, and
on one side a representation of Robinson Crusoe landed on the desert
island. I felt irresistibly drawn toward that picture—it was dark,
gloomy, and discouraging, and it sympathized with my own feelings. My
hopes, too, had suffered a complete wreck; I entered upon the expedition
with warm, glowing feelings, but the walk, the Irish woman, and the
hopeless-looking apartment had blasted them entirely; and I was almost
wishing myself with the strawberry party, when the door opened, and Mrs.
Morfield entered, with a very bold, staring baby in her arms.

She appeared delighted to see me, and welcomed me so cordially, that I
quite forgot my recent dissatisfaction. She had one of the most sunny,
joyful dispositions I have ever encountered; she would have turned a
desert island into sunshine, and laughed at every trouble that came in
her way. Her temper must have been a happy one to stand the wear and
tear of six noisy boys; but although a delightful and entertaining
companion, she would have been still more so had she not always been in
a hurry. All she said was uttered so fast that her auditors were in
continual fear of her losing her breath; and one carefully avoided
lengthy replies with her, she always seemed so pressed for time.

“I am very glad,” said she, with a merry laugh, “that you have come, for
my own sake—and very sorry for yours, for both cook and nurse left me
this morning in a fit of ill-temper; and as I have only Kitty for a
helper, I am afraid you will fare but poorly for your tea. However, I
shall not make a stranger of you.”

I hastened to assure her that it was not of the least consequence to me,
for I thought to myself that with strawberries and cherries, a person
need not care for any thing else; and having succeeded in setting her
mind at ease on that point, she proposed that we should leave our room
for some other apartment. “Exactly like Kitty to put you here,” said
she, laughing, “but we will try if we cannot find a pleasanter.”

The baby, who behaved very much like a wooden machine, with the
exception of staring and sucking its fingers, was again clasped in her
arms, and we proceeded to the parlors. The blinds were shut closely and
fastened to, and Mrs. Morfield, encumbered with the baby, tried in vain
to open them. I gazed around, as well as I was able in the dark, and saw
that the rooms were very large and handsomely furnished—having a cool
appearance that was extremely pleasant. Very well satisfied with this
prospect, I lent my assistance to unfasten the shutters—but in vain,
they were obstinately determined not to open; and with a sigh I followed
Mrs. Morfield into the hall.

“Come here,” said she, as she threw open a door on the other side, “here
is a room that will just suit you, Miss Ella. I believe you are a little
romantic, and the prospect from these windows cannot fail to please
you.”

It was a complete fairy bower; the floor was covered with a light straw
matting; the pretty French bedstead had a canopy of thin white muslin,
bordered with lace, with a corresponding cover on the little
toilet-table; the chairs were of wood, prettily painted, and every thing
looked as light, airy, and country-like as possible. I was in ecstasies
with the whole arrangement, and on glancing from the window, I found
that the prospect quite justified Mrs. Morfield’s praises. Directly
beneath was the green, close-shaven lawn, studded with wide-spreading
trees, across which a majestic peacock every now and then strutted in
all the glory of beauty and splendor; while far away rose a dim,
indistinct mist of blue waters and purple mountains.

Mrs. Morfield, having placed her marvelous baby on the floor—marvelous
because it had been so quiet—seated herself in a low rocking-chair, and
gave me the whole history of her morning’s misfortunes. I was totally
uninterested in the whole proceeding, but not being required to make any
responses, I fixed my eyes on the scene without, and listened patiently
to the end. She then commenced a panegyric on the still piece of
humanity that sat sucking its shoe, which was quite natural, considering
that it was the only sister of six brothers. I even joined in these
praises, for its not crying appeared to me remarkable; and I began to
think that I had at length met with that often-described, but always
invisible curiosity—_a good baby_! The young lady was lifted from the
floor, and even bribed to sit on my lap, which surprised me still more,
as babies always had an invincible repugnance to me, which I returned
with interest, and no performance was more disagreeable to me than
baby-talk. I quite sympathized with the old bachelor, who, having picked
up a woman and baby on the road, took them into his wagon on condition
that the mother refrained from talking nonsense to her child. This the
lady readily promised; but forgetting at length the scruples of her
companion, she burst forth with: “Bless its little heart! so it should
go ridy pidy in the coochee poochee—” “Get out of my wagon!” thundered
the exasperated gentleman.

But the baby in question behaved remarkably well, and I really began to
feel quite an attachment for it. It was no great beauty, certainly; and
I did think I had seen heads that boasted more hair; but in its mother’s
eyes it was pre-eminently lovely, and as I wished to earn a character
for amiability, I praised it up to the skies. Its eyes were round, and
very staring, so I remarked on their unusual size, and Mrs. Morfield
observed complacently that they were exactly like its father’s—its
forehead was high and broad, which of course was a mark of genius—and
thus, with my own skill, and some promptings from the mother, I patched
up quite a beauty out of materials which seemed to have been thrown
together at random.

We had been chatting gayly for some time, and with the prospect from the
window, the charming room, and the pleasant manners of Mrs. Morfield, to
say nothing of what was yet in expectancy, I looked forward to a
delightful afternoon, when my entertainer suddenly rose, and declaring
she had quite forgotten Kitty, requested me to watch the child during
her absence.

“You seem to be so fond of her,” said she, “that I am going to make you
head nurse for a little while; but all you will have to do is to see
that she does not get into mischief. Just keep an eye upon her, will
you?”

I smilingly consented to perform this slight service: and skillfully
manœuvering her way out without attracting the child’s attention, Mrs.
Morfield closed the door behind her, and left me absorbed in a train of
very pleasant fancies. I thought it very probable that she would ask me
to make her a visit of a week at least; she must be so lonely, with no
companions but those riotous boys—for her husband, having just become
initiated into the mysteries of farming, spent his whole time out of
doors, directing, arranging, and often hard at work himself. He was only
visible at meal times, and I did wonder what had possessed his wife to
marry him, he was so little of a companion; but she appeared quite
satisfied with him, and looked upon all he did with admiring eyes. I
intended, during my visit, to be the tenant of the pretty room in which
I sat, and I pictured myself early in the morning throwing up the sash,
and leaning out to catch the sweet air of summer as it played amid my
hair, while a perfect burst of melody swept around from the birds, who
always took up their station in those grand old trees—or at evening,
when I wandered over the lawn, or rested, with a book in my hand beneath
one of those spreading oaks—oh, it would be so delightful!

Here my attention was suddenly brought back to realities by a loud
squeal which proceeded from the mouth of my forgotten charge. The young
lady, having grown tired of amusing herself with an old shoe, glanced
about for further employment, and not being at all pleased to see a
stranger substituted for her mother, gave vent to her indignant feelings
in a succession of particularly edifying screams. I was at first quite
surprised, having been deluded into the belief that she was an excellent
kind of a child, who would maintain almost the same position for a whole
day at least. I did not suppose it necessary to feel the least
responsibility concerning her; but I soon found that nothing was further
from her intentions than to be neglected in this manner. Having a mortal
aversion to strangers, the child crept rapidly toward the door, crying
all the time, and it seemed almost impossible to pacify her. But at
length I succeeded in placing her on my lap, where I tried very hard to
convince her that the cross which I wore, and two or three rings, were
the greatest curiosities that had refreshed her sight in a long time.
For a little while she condescended to be duped by the lavish encomiums
which I bestowed upon these articles; but soon recollecting that she had
seen very much such things before, she broke forth anew. I then resorted
to the very original amusement of shaking a thimble on a pair of
scissors; but quite enraged at the idea of my attempting to quiet her in
this manner, she screamed louder than ever, and I was obliged to
surrender my poor curls to her savage grasp.

She even deigned to laugh and be quite amused with this employment for
some time, especially when she saw my evident reluctance to be so
tortured; but after a while I grew more accustomed to it, and endured
her pulls with so much philosophy that she left off in high dudgeon. She
then became quite interested in the excitement of scratching at me with
her nails, and crying between spells; but finding this performance any
thing but pleasant, I placed her on the bed and gave her a small box of
tapers from the writing-table, which she opened and shut, and scattered
about with evident satisfaction. Finding the young termagant so quietly
disposed, I ventured to glide back to my window, and wondered what could
keep Mrs. Morfield so long—not feeling exactly satisfied with this
baby-tending. But then as her sunny face rose up before me all my anger
vanished, and I felt quite sorry and concerned to think that she was
probably busy in the kitchen with the awkward Kitty, in order to get a
presentable tea for her visiter. The baby was now so quiet and
well-behaved, that I almost regretted the hard thoughts I had
entertained toward it; and in a more pleasant frame of mind, I took up
the last number of “Graham,” which lay upon the table, and was soon
deeply buried in its fascinating pages.

The quiet, however, was of short duration; I was startled by a noise of
something falling, and on glancing at the bed, it was empty! In horror
and despair I sprung to the other side, and there lay my young torment,
quite purple in the face, with the tapers scattered around, and one of
the large, ruffled pillows under her. I fully expected to be imprisoned
and tried for murder, and hesitating to have my fears confirmed, I
caught up the child to see if it still breathed. My touch immediately
restored life and animation; having fortunately fallen with the pillow
under her, she had not been hurt in the least—but extremely frightened
and angry at her unceremonious descent, she held her breath for some
time with passion, (an exploit in which good babies are very apt to
indulge,) but she now sent forth screams that were absolute music in my
ears, as they assured me beyond a doubt that my tormentor was still in
the land of the living. The tapers were bitten quite flat in various
places, and several had disappeared—whether down her throat or not I
could not tell; but I gathered up the remainder, and devoted myself to
the task of quieting the child.

I was now fairly in for it; I reasoned with myself a short time, and
became convinced that the fault must be entirely my own—_I_ was the one
to blame, for its own mother had praised it as an excellent baby, and
she surely ought to know—my bad management was the sole cause of its
present behavior. My ambition was concerned to restore its good humor;
Mrs. Morfield would be far better pleased to be relieved from the
trouble of tending it, and animated with new energy, I seized it in my
arms, and began dancing wildly around the room. The young lady regarded
me with a look of approval, and sucked her fingers in quiet content. It
was very solid, and appeared to me the heaviest baby I had ever carried,
still I toiled on as long as I was able, but the moment I sunk into a
seat she began to scream; and as I had at length found the means of
quieting her, I endeavored to keep up for a short time longer—hoping
every moment that Mrs. Morfield would enter the door and relieve me. I
wondered that she did not hear the child cry; it seemed as though such
screams must pierce the thickest wall; but the time passed on, and I was
still imprisoned with my tormenting charge. At length I was obliged to
give up—I really could not lug her around any longer; and sinking down
in a kind of despair, I was entertained with an interminable fit of
crying.

In the midst of this ebullition I happened to look out upon the lawn,
and seeing a peacock pass leisurely along, I resolved to turn it to some
account. Resting my heavy burden on one arm, with the other I pointed
out the bird, knocked on the glass to it, talking as much nonsense in
the meantime as I had ever heard in my whole life. The young lady was
highly delighted—she stopped crying, and gazed with rapture on the
brilliant color of the feathers. But at last, the peacock grew tired of
spreading out his tail, and walked slowly away to my great annoyance,
and also to that of my charge—who, finding that no more was to be seen,
resumed her customary music. If ever a full sense of the beautiful
dawned upon me, it was at the sight of a black hen and a brood of little
chickens, who very obligingly supplied the absence of the peacock, and
quarreled over some crumbs which had been thrown beneath the window. The
child appeared to be fascinated by any thing that had the power of life;
on the disappearance of the hen and chickens she transferred her
raptures to a grave-looking cat; and I even hailed with delight the
appearance of a grasshopper, if he took a pretty high spring.

But at last everything was gone; there seemed to be a strange
perverseness among the live-stock that afternoon—not a peacock
refreshed my sight, not a chicken could I spy, not even a grasshopper
beamed upon my eagerly strained vision; and evidently regarding me as
the cause, the child screamed furiously, and struggled to escape from my
hold. Oh, how my poor arm did ache with tending that little termagant! I
was hot and exhausted with my efforts to amuse her, the afternoon was
now rapidly passing away, and as yet I had tasted none of my expected
felicity. The child was screaming; I sat quite listless and passive in a
large easy-chair, regarding my burden with a look of hopeless weariness,
and wondered if this could possibly be the excellent baby who had only
wanted an eye kept upon it. An eye, indeed! Eyes, arms, tongue, feet,
breath, every thing had been spent in vain; and now, in a state of
desperation, I resolved to be freed from my odious bondage, and flung
wide open the door leading into the hall, that Mrs. Morfield might reap
the full benefit of her child’s inexhaustible lungs.

This manœuvre answered the expected end; my hostess soon made her
appearance with a troubled look, and relieving me of the torment, she
clasped it fondly in her arms, saying in a soothing voice:

“Did they leave it, darling? No, they shouldn’t plague my baby, no they
shouldn’t—mother’s own pet! Ah, oh, you naughty girl!” with a pretended
slap, “I’ll teach you to plague my darling!”

The young lady, having satisfied herself that I was undergoing proper
correction for my misdemeanors, condescended to be pacified, and
surveyed me with an aspect of great complacency. Quite wearied out with
her superhuman exertions, she soon fell asleep; and having deposited her
on the bed, Mrs. Morfield expressed her wonder at the child’s behavior.

“It is quite surprising,” she continued, “she is generally so good and
so little trouble—I begin to think, Ella, that you cannot be very well
versed in the accomplishment of nursing.”

I was quite provoked at this insinuation, after all the pains I had
taken, and replied with some warmth, that good or bad, such a child was
enough to provoke the patience of Job.

“Oh, stop! stop!” said she pleasantly. “It is easy to see that you are
cut out for an old maid.”

Well, if this really was not too much! wasn’t it, now? To be sure old
maids are very nice people—I would speak of the community with all due
respect; but still no girl of seventeen likes to be threatened with a
life of single blessedness, because she cannot regard with much
affection a cross, troublesome baby, who has teased and tormented her a
whole afternoon. I was too full to speak, and Mrs. Morfield regarded me
with considerable amusement; but swallowing my irritated feelings as I
could, I complied with her invitation to walk out to tea. I fear that I
regarded the table with a blank look of astonishment, for not a sign of
fruit could I discover; and Mrs. Morfield apologized for the omission by
saying that she had no one to gather it. I had quite forgotten that
fruit did not drop into dishes of its own accord; and in no very amiable
mood I sat down to a supper of flannel-cakes, which I soon found had
been very appropriately named.

Mr. Morfield now made his appearance, and took his seat without a coat;
the table being further embellished with the six young Morfields, who
had been sent out with their father. Mr. Morfield liked every thing
countrified, and in accordance with this prejudice, the eating utensils
consisted of large buck-handled knives and forks, which, after my
fatigue, I could scarcely hold; and my hand trembled so in lifting my
cup that I narrowly escaped spilling the whole contents. I never worked
so hard in my life as I had then; I felt completely reduced and
enervated, and could scarcely move my arms.

“It is rather strange,” said Mrs. Morfield, “that Henry has not been
here—he was to have come to-night, was he not, father?” Mr. Morfield
nodded assent, being busily engaged with the flannel-cakes, and she
continued—“It is really too bad, Miss Ella, to have no beau to offer
you—but have patience, and perhaps the truant will come yet.”

After tea I concluded to reconnoitre the garden; but there was not much
pleasure, after all, in wandering off alone; Mrs. Morfield being engaged
with the baby, who was now wide awake, and Mr. Morfield occupied in some
distant part of the ground. Then, too, the view of ripe fruit staring
one right in the face with such an impudent kind of an air, as if it
knew that I could not get at it, was any thing but agreeable; I thought
of the baskets I had intended to bring to carry home all my spoils, and
turned aside in extreme irritation. I looked up and down the road, but
the tardy collegian was not to be seen; and with no very high opinion of
“a social tea-drinking,” I returned to the house. We passed a tedious
evening, and at length quite tired out, I announced my intention of
going home. With Mr. Morfield for an escort, I again traversed the weary
road, forcibly impressed with the difference between Romance and
Reality.

Oh, how they did laugh at me! as bursting into tears I recounted all my
toils and troubles; the idea of going out sociably to tea, and tending
baby for an afternoon’s amusement, drew forth bursts of merriment, that
grated on my ears as if in mockery of my overthrown expectations. But I
seemed to dwell more particularly on Mrs. Morfield’s disagreeable
prophecy than the unsatisfactoriness of the visit, and their laughter
redoubled when after representing in glowing colors my toiling efforts
to gain the name of a good nurse, I told of my dismay at finding myself
branded with such an epithet. This appeared to strike them as the most
ridiculous part, and I sat in sullen silence while they gave vent to
their amusement. “So much for sympathy,” thought I.

For myself, I was thoroughly disgusted with “not being made a stranger
of;” but my mortification was complete when the next morning Anne,
looking over the fence which joined ours, exclaimed—

“You cannot tell what a delightful strawberrying we had. None of us
returned with empty baskets, which you know has sometimes been the case;
and we not only found strawberries, but, would you believe it, picked up
a real, actual _beau_! Now, guess who it was—some one you have not seen
in a long time?”

I _did_ guess, but remaining silent, my companion continued—

“Why, we were actually discovered by the college-poet, Henry
Auchinclass, just returned to be lionized and spoiled—who came upon us
rather suddenly as we were making somewhat of a noise for well-behaved
young ladies, and insisted upon helping us. What a merry time we had! He
told us so many funny stories, and then we all concluded to take a walk
off to the mill-pond; and I believe we stayed almost as late as you did.
Now, where were you?”

_Where_, indeed! Oh, that I had gone with the strawberry-party! Anne
communicated many more particulars, and then, unperching herself from
the fence, ran into the house, while I, in quite a brown study, followed
her example. That very afternoon I beheld the object of this commotion,
but with that one glance vanished all my disappointed feelings—for _he
had a cigar in his mouth_! Sentiment, vanity, castle-building, all ended
in smoke. I had always despised tobacco-snuffers, tobacco-chewers, and
tobacco-smokers; that one cigar brought down my hero from the pedestal
whereon I had placed him, and again I “roamed in maiden meditation,
fancy free.”

By the bye, Mrs. Morfield never did ask me to make her a visit—she
would doubtless require a better baby-tender; and ever since I have had
an unconquerable aversion to taking tea sociably.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                          THE COQUETTE’S VOW.


                         BY FRANCES S. OSGOOD.


    I promise _while_ I love you,
      To love you true and well;
    But, by that cloud above you,
      How long—I dare not tell.

    I promise to be tender,
      And docile to your sway;
    I promise to surrender
      My soul—at least—_a day_.

    But if—but if—to-morrow
      I chance to grow more wise—
    If Love should dream you borrow
      Your light from Fancy’s eyes;

    If I should weary, playing
      On one eternal lyre,
    And touch, with fingers straying,
      Some other chords of fire;

    If they should answer willing,
      In sweeter tones than you,
    Forgive my heart for thrilling,
      And own _my ear is true_.

    You have the same permission
      To tire, to change, to go,
    With only one condition—
      That you will _let me know_.

    Then chide me not for changing
      When I’ve gone through the book,
    But chide the bee for ranging,
      And chide the sportive brook.

    When through the dark cloud smiling
      The sunbeam wandered warm,
    A rainbow came, beguiling
      To beauty all the storm.

    But if when light was banished
      By cold, unwelcome rain,
    That rare guest paled and vanished,
      Oh! could the cloud complain?

    A wild bee found a rose
      And nestled in its heart,
    But when its leaflets close
      The flutterer fain would part.

    Air, freedom, light and heaven
      It would not so resign;
    Then if those leaves be riven,
      Ah! should the rose repine?

    Since round your being real
      My fancy deigns to fly,
    Keep up to my Ideal,
      Or you are false—not I.

    Yet though unlike most lovers,
      I vow at once to change
    If fancy e’er discovers
      A nobler field to range.

    Of this at least be sure,
      That even when I go
    I’ll probably be truer
      Than some who swear they’re so.

    And though less true than truant,
      I shall not _fall_ in love;
    But of some star pursuant,
      Still rise to light above.

    Then, since around your Real
      My Fancy deigns to fly,
    Keep up to my Ideal,
      Or you are false as I.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                STANZAS.


      Harm not the living—on the stage of life
        Play well your parts, that when the bell shall toll
      To note your exit, ye shall hear the strife
        Of echoing plaudits, and the deafening roll
        Of music round you. O! across the soul
      Will come the freshness of its dewy Spring;
        And ye shall leap toward the destined goal,
      And snatch the victor’s garland; while there ring,
    Through the arena, shouts of kindly welcoming!

      So live, that when upon the voiceless air
        Shall come the echoes of your passing bell,
      From the lone minster, they to you shall bear
        Sweet thoughts and pleasant memories—the dell
        Where grew the violets, shall, like a spell,
      Rise up before your spirit, and the rill
        That wantoned with them, laughing, ere it fell
      For very joy adown the craggy hill—
    And so your dream shall end—awake in Heaven ye will.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                       THE REVEALINGS OF A HEART.


                           BY D. T. KILBOURN.


“Oh, Ellen! is not this a most enchanting prospect! How lovingly those
little islands rest their grassy heads upon the tranquil bosom of the
deep blue waters! And those distant sails—how like beings of life and
thought they seem, gliding so gracefully over its glassy surface.
Indeed, when one views this noble edifice—these cultivated
gardens—this lovely prospect—and inhales the cool sea-breeze wafted
from the bosom of the mighty ocean—instead of the abode of the poor,
helpless and forsaken, he would suppose it the resting-place of some of
the great from yon proud city; who, weary of its noise and din, had
retired hither to enjoy in sweet repose the accumulated wealth of
years.”

“It is, indeed, a lovely prospect,” said her companion, gazing
thoughtfully upon the scene before her—and as a pensive smile lit up
her expressive features, she continued—“Invariably after visiting an
institution of the kind, such a weight of sadness seems to oppress me,
that my mind is little calculated to enjoy the beautiful.”

“Sadness, Ellen! What is it possible you can find here to make you sad!
For, laying aside the beauties of nature, have we not seen with what
care and neatness every thing is arranged—what a regard to comfort. And
then not only are the physical wants of the inmates provided for, but
the mental and religious seem not forgotten.”

“Mental, Lucy! Where the mental?”

“Why,” said her companion, slightly coloring, “did we not see those
spacious school-rooms for the children, and the chapel, where public
services are held every Sunday?”

“Why, Lucy, you cannot possibly suppose some eighty or a hundred
children, placed under the care of one instructor, and that one,
perhaps, taking no interest in his duties further than to secure a
livelihood, as likely to derive much benefit from such a course of
mental instruction. But,” added she, in a more lively tone, observing
the embarrassment of her companion, “but, dear coz, those little ones
formed not the burden of my thoughts—for children, you know, like
flowers, though crushed to the earth by the pelting storm, the drops
which weigh down their trembling petals, reflect but light and love. And
however the foreshadowings of their destiny may creep upon the soul, it
requires but one bright smile to chase all gloom away. Bless their sunny
hearts! this earth would be a dreary waste without them. But, Lucy, what
makes me particularly sad, is that whenever I visit a place of the kind,
I see so little of joy and gladness; so much of sorrow and concealed
despair expressed in the countenances of its inmates.”

“But, Ellen, is it not always thus wherever we meet the unfortunate?”

“This is precisely what oppresses me—to see their physical condition so
materially altered, while the diseases of the mind remain unchanged. I
may be, Lucy, like ‘the Charming Woman,’ talking of things which I do
not understand, but still it is no _heresy_ for me to express my
thoughts, at least to yourself, dear coz. It seems to me, could we but
raise the veil which shrouds the human heart, and witness there its
temptations, its hopes, its fears, its anguish; its struggles to free
itself from the incubus of passion which weighs it to earth; its ardent
longings for the soothing dews of Heaven to cleanse and heal its
poisoned wounds; yes, could we but look into the heart of the veriest
wretch that breathes, and trace throughout the searing hand of sin, and
then into the depths of our own bosom, it might be that the only
difference we should find between that blackened, noisome thing, and our
own boasted purity would prove but the absence of temptation! And yet,
when we see around us all the exertions which are made for the relief of
the poor and distressed, the imperfection of the work seems not so much
a lack of _will_, as a lack of knowledge of its cause. Had there been
but one-fourth the time devoted to man’s spiritual, that has been to his
physical being—to the habits, dispositions and sagacity of the inferior
animals—or even to the investigation of unorganized matter—how
different would have been the result.”

“Ellen,” said her cousin, “can you believe that _every heart_ craves the
pure aliment of Heaven! Are there not some, who, place before them what
inducements you might, would still prefer the grosser joys of earth?”

“Lucy,” answered she, while from her deep blue eyes beamed Heaven’s own
purity—“look at those beautiful islands, like so many emeralds embedded
in the deep. Those cultivated fields, rich with the burden of a coming
harvest. Should the dews of Heaven cease to refresh them what would they
present? One barren, scorching waste, from which the eye would turn with
pain. Our body, too, deprive it of its proper sustenance, how soon would
it sicken and die! And thus, if the soul be immortal (and surely it must
be so, since it is a breath of Deity!) then must it ever crave the food
of immortality, though the poor trembling wretch, led blindfold by his
passions, may not know for _what_ he so longingly sighs, nor why his
earthly pleasures, as soon as tasted, become a nauseous drug. But see,
uncle is waiting for us.”

The foregoing conversation was held between the daughter and niece of a
wealthy merchant of one of our populous cities. His daughter, Lucy, the
younger by two years, possessed, together with great personal beauty and
love for the beautiful, an active and playful imagination, which, like
the first glad rays of the morning sun, that sport around the mountain’s
brow, gilding its summits with a thousand varied hues, but never
penetrate the depths below—while from Ellen’s stronger and more highly
cultivated intellect (though possessing in a less degree the light
attractiveness of morn,) there radiated the glowing and vivifying
influence of its noontide intensity. Lucy, with her merry laugh, sunny
smiles, and playful wit, was the delight of her father. Ellen was his
support! She prepared his favorite dishes—she charmed him with her
conversation, and soothed him with her song. Often was the old gentleman
heard to exclaim—“Never was a man so blessed in his children! My merry
Lucy forms the sunny spot in life—but my beautiful Ellen gives to life
its charm.” Though few beyond her own domestic circle, and the poor,
were ever heard to call her beautiful! To a common observer, or (in the
circles of fashion) as she moved by the side of her lovely cousin, there
appeared little in Ellen’s face or figure to call forth admiration;
although, as mistress of a large fortune, flatterers were not wanting.
But, as one gazed upon her animated countenance, as with witching
kindness she endeavored to chase from the brow of her aged uncle, some
cloud of anxious care, or bent over the couch of distress in the home of
the wretched, and, with the soft low tones of sympathetic melody seemed
to quell the raging storm in the bosom of the blasphemous inebriate,
such a halo of purity seemed to encircle her broad, thoughtful brow,
that the gazer turned away a better and a holier being.

The two girls had been standing on the eastern balcony of the Alms-house
at ——, so absorbed that they noted not the flight of time, until
Ellen’s exclamation, “Uncle is waiting for us,” aroused them.

“My children,” said Mr. Norton, as they descended, “I had begun to think
you had quite forgotten me, and my rheumatism prevented me seeking you
above stairs; but, now that you are here, Mr. Barker is going to
accompany me through the insane department—you, Ellen, I know would
like to go—but what says my little Lucy?”

“If you please, papa, I will wait here your return, and watch that noble
steamer as she ploughs the wave, proud as it were of her happy burden,
for from the music and the throng, I judge they have a pleasure-party on
board. And as cousin Ellen seems determined to chase away all my fairy
visions, do, dear papa, take her with you while I endeavor to recruit my
spirits.”

Ellen, smiling, placed her arm within her uncle’s, and Mr. Barker led
the way to a long low range, not far from the main-building.

Entering an apartment from which the light and pure atmosphere of heaven
seemed banished, while the howls of the wretched maniacs (caged, like so
many wild beasts, in their dreary cells, with naught upon which to rest
their weary, lacerated limbs, but a heap of filthy straw,) struck upon
the ear like the shrieks of the lost, causing the warm life-blood to
recede from the heart and curdle in the veins. Mr. Norton, feeling the
sudden grasp of Ellen, and noting her pallid countenance, said
hurriedly—

“My dear, we had better not proceed; let us turn back.”

“Oh, no! dear uncle,” she exclaimed, making an effort at composure, “do
not think of me, it was but a momentary weakness.”

As they proceeded from cell to cell, Ellen’s kind tone and pleasant
smile, seemed to touch some hidden spring in the heart of these wretched
beings, causing the jarring discordant strings to vibrate in momentary
harmony. Each strove to withdraw her from the other, to listen to his
tale of wo or imagined felicity. Some insisted that she was a being of
superior order, sent to release them from their horrible
confinement—until at last, overcome by her feelings, she leant for
support against the frame of a half-open door that led to an inner
apartment, lost in thought, and taking no cognizance of what passed
around her.

From this abstraction she was aroused, by—“Madam, he has been dying
these two days. I do not think he can last over to-night.”

“Who dying?” said Ellen, with a shudder, observing at the same time the
coarse, hard-hearted looking female that addressed her.

“I thought you were looking at that gentleman,” pointing to a low cot.
“Yes, as I said, he has been dying these two days; and a hard time we’ve
had of it with his endless screeching and screaming for somebody to pray
for him! But hard praying it would take, in my opinion, to do much good
for the likes o’ him! Why, madam, you should have heard his raving—it
would have made your hair stand on end!”

Ellen approached the bed. Before her lay, though pale and motionless as
in the cold embrace of death, a being of God-like impress. His jetty
locks flung from his upturned face, fell in loose masses on his pillow,
displaying a brow which bore the stamp of high and lofty intellect:
while drooping lashes of the same dark hue, pressing so heavily on his
marble cheek, contrasted strangely with the deathly pallor of his
chiseled features, on which were marked deep furrows—not such as
wrought by either time or care, but mighty convulsions of the soul!

                 *        *        *        *        *

It was a dreary night in the month of November—the dark spirit-wind
which had all day murmured in sullen grandeur the funeral dirge of the
departing year among the leafless branches of the mighty forest, as the
sun sunk in the cloudy west, and the gray mists of evening closed in
around the cheerless earth, swept forth in strains louder and more
terrific, until the naked branches of the towering oaks danced in wild
glee, as it rushed past them howling along through the caverns of the
giant mountains, and playing its rude gambols round their hoary heads,
exulting in barbarian triumph over the gentler spirits of earth.

But though he had frightened the spirits of song from the woods, and
chained the melody of the little brooks, banishing from the laughing
fields the spirits of the flowers, and leaving them all barren and
desolate—yet some of these sweet fugitives had sought a refuge in the
habitations of man—for, in a neat little cottage, sheltered in the
valley beneath, one might be seen peeping from the petaled cup of a
snowy japonica. And as it looked forth from its pearly bed, when the
storm had passed by, sweet delicious tones of a thousand lutes and
harps, as touched by the spirits of the sunbeams and showers, burst upon
the ear, filling the room with an atmosphere of strange delicious
melody. Forth, on aerial pinions, floated the little flower-spirit, and
lit upon the mossy sepals of a bursting rose-bud—beneath upon a downy
couch lay a sleeping babe—above and around hovered a choir of cherub
angels, some playing with its golden locks, and others whispering sweet
words of peace and love, parting its rosy lips with a bright, sweet
smile.

On wings of dreamy light was a shadowy form of beauty inconceivable! Its
long, fair hair floated on the rosy air, while encircling its radiant
brow was a chaplet of beautiful flowers, sparkling with dew drops fresh
from heaven’s own bowers. This bright and glorious being, sent from the
presence of the great “I AM!” to guard the footsteps of this precious
child, just purified from every stain of earth in the regenerating
waters of the sacred font—the image of its God restored; the object of
a Saviour’s fondest love; a spectacle for angels and for men.

As the little flower-spirit gazed entranced upon this glorious scene, a
tear drop seemed to sparkle in the angel’s eye. In mute surprise it left
its mossy couch and lit upon a drooping floweret grasped within the
sleeper’s tiny hand, and as it gazed to where the angel’s eyes seemed
bent, there lay exposed to view that infant’s fluttering heart, pure and
white as fresh fallen snow-flakes; and there, too, glistened the angel’s
tear. And then was borne on zephyr’s wings, a sweet and sorrowful
supplication to the Majesty enthroned on high, “Oh, Father! give to me
the power to banish from this little heart those dark and dreary shadows
that are hovering near: that I may bring it thee when life shall cease,
all pure and beautiful as now it is, a trophy worthy the redeeming love
of thy dear Son.”

And a voice, like the murmuring of many waters as they rush through the
caverns of the deep, replied:

“My laws are fixed, immutable—man was made for glory, pure and
holy—the breath which animates his clay is breath of Deity—it gave the
power of a God, the power to _choose_ between the good and ill. Those
dark forms you so dread, are the effects of laws transgressed; for it is
written in my sacred word—‘the father’s sins are visited upon the
child.’”

“But, oh!” still pleaded the angel-voice, “this babe is sinless,
stainless, pure as those sweet flowers that wave upon the banks of
Paradise.”

“He’s born of flesh, and like the Holy One of God, he’s heir to its
temptations; but _Calvary_ is on earth, and one _free_, ardent sigh,
heaved by that heart, and borne upon thy wings to Calvary’s height, can
have the potency to banish far _all_ the contending powers of ill.”

The angel’s head bent low in silent adoration.

                 *        *        *        *        *

Four years had passed. ’Twas in the month of May. The earth was clothed
in emerald-robe of varied hue, begemmed with sparkling flowers. The
blushing trees poured forth their spicy fragrance on the hazy
atmosphere, till it seemed heavy with their odorous breath. The social
hum of a thousand insects—the carol of the feathery songsters, warbling
forth their richest strains from the topmost boughs, rousing the
wood-nymphs from their mossy beds to mingle their wild music with the
laughing brooks that gurgle at the shaggy mountain’s base—all, all
shone forth with the unrivaled splendor of the primal moon, when Nature
first, awaked by God’s command, burst forth from chaos!

Such was the scene—well suited to the gambols which a fairy child held
with his guardian-angel as they played along the flowery meads, like
cherub spirits in the fields of Paradise. As the little one would tottle
o’er some tiny shrub, the angel form with outstretched wing upheld him,
and he rose unhurt, and onward ran, till charmed by the music of some
little flower, he wondering stopped to pluck its shining blossoms, and
as the golden petals of a buttercup were scattered in his grasp, the
little spirit freed, beheld the rosy babe that erst had slumbered on the
downy couch—the same sweet angel by his side. Full in the pathway of
the innocent there lay a sleeping reptile—his tiny foot was raised to
tread upon the venomed head—when lo! a gaudy butterfly, lured by the
angel’s whisper, lit on his outstretched arm, and when from shrub to
shrub it flew, the little rover turned in eager chase.

Time sped again. The sweet flower-spirits had, once more, sought the
abodes of man. One rested on a nectared leaf of rose-geranium; a low
moan roused it from its fragrant couch; and there before it lay the
little child, and near, hovered the angel! But, as it bent over the
restless sleeper, a cloud, like mists that veil the evening star,
shadowed its beaming face: for, on the surface of that snowy breast,
there sat a little elf, tracing dark characters. A rude blast whistling
through the trees shook the loose casement. The dreamer woke—and,
clambering from his little bed in haste, he sought his mother’s couch.
“Oh! mother, mother dear!” he cried—her arms were forth to meet
him—and as she clasped his trembling limbs, and folded him closer to
her breast, he murmured, “Dear, dear, sweet mamma! let me sleep beside
you! I’m afraid to stay in that cold, dark room alone!”

“My love,” answered a mild, sweet voice, “Arthur is not afraid—Arthur’s
a little man!”

“But Arthur _is_ afraid to-night, mamma!” cried he, nestling still
closer to her breast.

“’Tis nothing but the wind you hear, my love; the good wind, that blew
down Arthur’s pretty kite when it had lodged in the high branches. And
will it not displease papa, when he comes home, to find his little son
afraid to stay alone.”

“Mamma, but will the wind not hurt me when it blows so hard?”

“No, my love; God will let nothing injure Arthur while he is good.”

“But Arthur’s not good! Arthur’s naughty. Arthur did not say his
prayers!” And here, bursting into tears, he clung sobbing to his
mother’s neck; while her fond arms encircling his form pressed him still
closer to her heart in yearning tenderness. Then, in a voice so sweet,
so gentle, she inquired, “Why did my love not say his prayers?”

“Arthur was thinking of his pretty new hat and coat, and so forgot them;
and oh! mamma, I felt so badly here, (pressing his little hand upon his
heart,) I could not sleep! and something seemed gone! and then it was so
dark, I was afraid. Mamma, I will not wear them any more; they make me
forget my prayers!”

“My love, the fault lies with yourself—not with your hat or coat. It
was that you thought more of them than of the kind, good God, who gave
them to you.”

“Mamma, if I say my prayers now, will God forgive me, and will he let me
feel afraid no more?”

“Yes, love, God will forgive you, if you are sorry for forgetting them.”

He knelt—and while that cherub face, now bathed in pearly drops, was
raised to heaven, he lisped, in accents sweet, a prayer to Jesus. Then,
clasping his hands in joy, while a gleam of sunshine glistened through
his tears, he cried, “Arthur’s not afraid now, mamma; he don’t feel
alone any more!”

One fond embrace—and soon the little penitent was locked in slumbers
sweet; while near, all radiant with the smiles of heaven, hovered his
angel guide.

                 *        *        *        *        *

In an arbor, round which the jasmine and honeysuckle gracefully clung,
mingling their spicy breath with the gentle zephyrs that fondly caressed
their trembling leaves, sat a beautiful child, his curly locks resting
upon his little arm, his whole soul mirrored in his deep, full eyes, as
he gazed out upon the distant hills, now bathed in sun-set splendor.
And, as he continued thus in childish thought to muse, the spirit of the
flowers saw him encircled with an atmosphere of strange, mysterious
beings; some, in their dull and heavy flight scarce rising from the
earth, seemed busy linking chains to bind his spirit to their groveling
appetites; others, with silvery wings sporting in sunbeams mounted high
in air, while others still, of diamond light, to which the rays of
mid-day sun looked pale, played round his noble brow.

As the bright guardian whispered sweet visions to the innocent, it saw
the little flower-spirit gazing inquiringly upon the scene, and in a
sweet melodious voice, it said, “The beings that you see belong to this
fair child. Together, all, they form what man calls _life_! The
beauteous form he bears is made of dust; and when this _life_ forsakes
it, it returns to dust. Those beings creeping on the earth are ministers
of flesh. They add to its pleasures, modify its pains, and by collecting
other particles of dust together, construct for, feed, and clothe it.
Every creature crawling on the earth partakes this life, these
appetites. Their home is in the flesh, and with the flesh they die. In
worldly language, these are called ‘The Passions!’

“Those pure, bright spirits, sparkling like the rays of morn upon the
ice-capped mountains, gamboling in sunbeams, are formed to worship, to
adore; to bask forever in the beauty, power, and wisdom of creation’s
God. These are called ‘Moral Sentiments.’

“And those that cluster round his brow, beings of power, called
‘Intellect,’ encompass sea and land, penetrate the deep bowels of the
earth, and mount on wings of light to the revolving spheres, tracing in
all the wisdom, power, consistency of nature’s laws, then tracing all to
God.

“See’st thou yon radiant vision clothed in light, reflecting every tint
of joy in earth and heaven? Its name is _Love_. Its birth-place is the
bosom of a God. ’Twas sent from the high court of heaven as help-meet to
man’s _will_—that power which likens him to Deity. Together, they are
ministering angel and guardian of the soul, while prisoned in its
earthly tenement. While free, love bears the smiles of heaven reflected
on its wings to the bright beings of the mind. These crave a still
higher aliment—_knowledge of God_! Unsatisfied, they pluck the specious
fruit which earth presents, and hug it to the heart, believing to have
found the ‘Pearl of Price.’ In haste, ere they awake from the delusion,
the Passions weave their dull and heavy chains fast round the Will, and
with it, _this_ bright being’s dragged to earth. Love’s pinions may be
clipped, its lustre dimmed, its beauteous form be shrouded in earth’s
clay; but its celestial nature can’t be changed. Disfigure it, crush it
to dust if you will, the glory of heaven will cling round it still, and
hallow all on whatsoe’er it rests. And when this pure and holy vision
forms a chain, linked by the will, uniting the brilliant powers of
intellect with the bright spirits that adore, then is man god-like.

“Each of these orders leaves its impress on the heart for weal or wo.
The heart, that great ‘Recording Scroll’ of Majesty Supreme.”

                 *        *        *        *        *

Again the dark spirit-wind held upon earth his desolating reign, and
breathing forth his icy breath till all nature seemed locked in the
frozen embrace of death; then, as at loss whereon to wreak his wrath, he
sought the haunts of men.

All day long had he pelted his missiles of snow and hail on the
defenseless heads of the weary pedestrian in the city of ——. The rich
heard but his threatening war-notes, as he rushed madly, but harmlessly
against the casements of their luxurious homes; but the trembling poor
felt the full burden of his merciless ire, as he swept through the
gaping crevices of their time-shattered dwellings. Thus, as he fled
howling down a dark, dismal alley, a creaking-door flew wide at his
approach, scattering the blaze of paper and shavings, over which a
little girl was stooping. As she endeavored to close the resisting door,
a feeble voice from the corner of the miserable apartment whispered,

“My son, have you returned?”

“No, mamma, it is not brother,” answered the sweet voice of the child.
“It was the wind, and it has blown all my fire away.” Then seating
herself by the low bed of her mother, and endeavoring to cover her
little red feet with her scanty robe, she said, “Dear mamma, did you
feel any warm when I made the fire?”

“I saw the blaze, my love, and it looked warm,” was said, in a low,
hoarse tone; “but come, my Amy, lie down beside me, and I will try to
keep you warm.”

Shrinking back from her mother’s arms, while the tears flowed down her
wan little cheeks, she cried, “No, no, sweet, dear mamma, you are so
sick and I am so cold; I told brother Arthur I would try to keep you
warm till he came back.” And seeing the tears fill her mother’s eyes,
she continued, “Dear, pretty mamma, _I_ am not cold, but Buhddy said I
would make you sick; and when he comes home, he will bring me some
bread, and take me in his arms to warm me”—and she continued blowing on
her little cold fingers.

On rushed the spirit-wind along a public thoroughfare, making harsh
music with the loose shutters and creaking signs, while the gas-lamps
shone with a ghost-like light through the murky atmosphere. On a corner,
heedless of the beating hail, stood a lad of some twelve years; near
hovered an angel, as if to shelter him from the storm—but he heeded it
not. Dark forms of temptation encircled him—hunger, want, and despair
shone from his dark, full eyes, as he gazed eagerly into the countenance
of each passer-by. Oh! could but one have heeded that imploring
look—given but one word, one tone of sympathy, one mite from their
abundance, what a host of dark spirits had been banished, what years of
misery had been saved.

But no, each one hurried on to his own comfortable abode, leaving that
young, untaught heart to battle with its fierce temptations. At length,
as the pale faces of his mother and sister rose before him, he put forth
his hand for charity. It was repulsed—and oh! with what withering
blight that look sunk to his heart, while the dark spirits gathered
round him closer and closer. But still his angel hovered near, as he
rushed recklessly along the streets, until exhausted nature yielding, he
sunk on the steps of an elegant mansion. The soft light peeping through
the half-closed shutters, whence issued the sound of merry voices,
recalled to mind the dear image of his once happy home. Again the voice
of the angel echoed in his heart, “Here is plenty of bread, and here are
kind hearts also!” One hand was tremblingly raised to the knocker, while
the other was pressed upon his heart to hush its throbbings.

A liveried porter answered his feeble summons. Again was he repulsed,
and with harsh words. Despair now seized his heart; and as the dying
form of his mother, that mother, so dearly, fondly loved, his only
parent and friend in the cold, dark world—and the little patient,
suffering face of his sweet sister, whose smile was once so bright—as
they rose before his reeling brain, he rushed toward the market-place.
Here was bread enough—and should all that he loved die for one morsel?
The angel whispered him a Father in heaven—but hunger, and love, and
despair urged him on; and as the vender turned from the stand, he seized
a loaf, and thrusting it beneath his threadbare coat, sped with the
wings of lightning along the now nearly deserted streets until he
entered a dark alley.

A few moments brought him panting to the abode described. Raising the
latch, one bound brought him to the centre of the room. Amy uttered a
cry of joy, and would have sprung to meet him, but her little limbs,
weakened by long fasting, now stiff with cold, refused to support her
trembling frame, and staggering forward, she fell upon the hard, damp
floor, ere his outstretched arms could save her.

Clasping her to his heart, he cried, “Amy, dear—dear sister! don’t,
don’t die! see, I have brought you bread!” and he seized the loaf, which
had rolled upon the floor, broke, and pressed some to her quivering
lips.

Raising her blue eyes to his, and clasping her little cold arms about
his neck, she murmured, “Oh, Buhddy, you have been gone so long! and I
have tried to keep dear mamma warm, and did not cry! The wind blew all
my fire away—but I would not lie beside mamma, because I was so cold,
and I would make her sick, you said. But mamma’s asleep now. I have been
blowing on her cheeks to warm them, they are so cold. Shall we not wake
her, Arthur, and give her some bread?”

“No, Sissy, while she sleeps, she don’t feel hungry and cold. She don’t
know that we are cold! We will sit beside her and wait till she wakes.”

“Buhddy, don’t you think that God will send somebody to take care of
dear mamma in the morning? I tried to pray when I was waiting for you,
Buhddy. I know he will. I prayed for bread, and he gave you some.”

Every word of the little prattler struck like a dagger on the poor boy’s
heart. Yet, as he saw how greedily she swallowed the crusts, carefully
laying aside the soft part for her sleeping mother, and felt her warm
breath upon his cheek, a wild delight seemed to fill his heart that he
had procured the bread. And he dared not pray, for he recollected his
mother had told him he must be sorry for his fault, ere he asked God’s
forgiveness. Wrapping her little purple feet in part of his own scanty
covering, and pressing her closer in his arms, her little prattle soon
ceased, and she lay asleep upon his breast. With his precious burden he
crept nearer to his mother’s side, and anxiously watched her pallid
countenance as the uncertain rays of the glimmering taper, flitted
across that form, once so beautiful, still so loved, so reverenced. Dark
shadows seemed to gather round him, as he kept his lonely vigils; and at
every gust of wind, fear, to which he had before been a stranger, crept
chillingly along his veins. Some genial influence seemed to have left
him. No more he raised his eyes in confidence above. All was lone, and
dark, and desolate.

Thus wore on each weary hour; and, oh! how that young heart did yearn to
pour forth its sorrows to his mother’s fond ear, that she might, at the
throne of heaven, plead for his forgiveness. But when he gazed upon her
tranquil slumber, and then around upon the cold, dark room, he could not
wake her; it had been so long since she had slept. Perhaps she would be
better in the morning; and at the thought, oh, what a thrill of joy shot
through his heart.

Where was his angel-guardian? Had that fled? Oh no, it hovered near,
though shrouded; and on the wings of the winds was borne a prayer so
sad, so mournful, that the angels paused in their songs of bliss around
the throne of God.

The morning-sun beheld the poor boy gazing in speechless agony upon the
cold, stiff form of his dead mother, while the little Amy, to whom death
was a stranger, endeavored by every fond endearment, to awake her from
that long, long slumber.

It was the hour of midnight; not a cloud veiled the faces of the clear
stars, as they looked down in their silent beauty upon the slumbering
earth, throwing around it a holy light, such as emanates only from those
spheres unknown.

One soft ray, borne upon the balmy breath of spring, stole through a
casement, across the bed of a sleeping boy; and, as it rested on his
downy cheek, one by one, the big tears started from his closed lids, and
trembling upon the drooping lashes, dropped heavily upon his pillow,
while in his feverish dreams, accents of love trembled upon his
quivering lips, as he seemed endeavoring to clasp some cherished form.

Near by was his celestial guardian, but a hazy mist obscured it, rising
from that child’s fluttering heart, from which the angel seemed trying
to obliterate with its tears, the dark unformed images traced thereon.

The dreamer woke, and starting up, looked fearfully around; but as his
eyes rested on his little sleeping companions, consciousness seemed to
resume her throne. Creeping from his bed, he gazed awhile upon the
shining stars, then throwing himself upon his pillow, wept long and
bitterly. Again he went to the casement, and seemed watching for the
coming dawn. Its gray robe at length appeared in the east, when hastily
throwing on his clothes, he stole cautiously, as if fearful of awakening
his companions, to a side door, and rapped. A harsh voice asked from
within, “Who’s there?”

“It is Arthur,” answered the child. “Do let me see dear sissy, before
they come to take me away.”

“There’s time enough—go to bed,” was the impatient reply.

“Oh, good Mrs. Williams, do, do let me see her alone, before they are
all up!”

Whether the woman’s heart was touched, or that she foresaw she could not
easily rid herself of his importunities, we know not, but rising and
opening the door, she said, “You’re a very foolish boy, to be crying so
about your sister! Like as not, you’ll never see her again after you
leave here! But go down stairs, I’ll send her to you.”

A few minutes, and the little Amy was clasped in the arms of her
brother. She was the same little fragile being that we saw watching
beside the form of her dead mother; but there was a subdued shade of
touching sadness in her sweet face, that showed the blight of sorrow was
on her young heart. Twining her arms about her brother’s neck, and
kissing the tears from his cheeks, she said,

“Dear Buhddy, don’t cry. I know that they are going to take you a long
way from me; but don’t cry, dear Buhddy, I shall not be left alone long.
I am going to dear mamma. Last night, when they told me they were going
to send you away from me, oh, how I cried. I could not sleep; and then
Sarah whipped me, because I kept her awake. I could not help crying—I
tried not to cry; and then I dreamed there came such a beautiful little
angel, and it sat down beside me, and told me not to cry, for it was
going to take me home to dear mamma. You will go too, wont you, Arthur?”

“I dreamed, too, that the angels had taken you away; but you wont go,
dear Amy, will you? I will grow to be a man; I will get money, and come
and take you to a pretty home.”

“Will dear mamma be there, Arthur?”

“No, mamma’s dead!” and here again the tears filled his eyes.

“Buhddy—what is dead?”

“I don’t know; but they put her, when she was so pale and cold, and
could not speak to us, into the ground; and they said that her spirit
had gone to a good Father in Heaven, who made her die, and can do any
thing. But I don’t think him a good Father, who let the fire burn up our
beautiful home, and killed papa, and made dear mamma die of cold and
hunger, (as that good man said she did, who cried so, when he came in
and found her dead,) and let them bring us to this ugly old Alms-House.”

“Buhddy, but that pretty lady who came here the other day, and gave me
those sweet flowers, said that God had taken mamma to his own beautiful
home in the clouds, where there was no cold, and she could never die any
more, and that we would go there too, if we are good. Dear mamma always
said that God was good, Buhddy.”

Here Mrs. Williams entered, and told Arthur that the man was waiting for
him. But seeing that he clasped his little sister still closer to his
heart, she tore her forcibly from his arms, and bore her struggling form
to another apartment.

                 *        *        *        *        *

“Who could have foreseen this, Mrs. Buckler? I wonder where the boy can
be gone. I must certainly advertise him,” was said by a wealthy
merchant, as he impatiently threw himself upon an elegant lounge,
regardless of his lady’s favorite _poodle_, that lay upon its velvet
covering, one eye half open, as if ruminating on the luxuries of his
home, and of his importance in comparison with the rest of his canine
race. From these cogitations he was aroused to a sense of danger by the
descending form of his master. Giving a loud yelp, he endeavored to
elude the honor, but not quickly enough to save one of his outstretched
paws.

At this outcry, the lady sprung from her languid position, followed by
her daughters, and folding the trembling dog to her bosom, exclaimed,
“Oh dear, Mr. Buckler, you have killed my darling _Adonis_!” while the
elder daughter flew to the bell and rang it violently. “Oh, Martha,”
cried Mrs. Buckler, as the frightened domestic made her appearance, “for
Heaven’s sake, make haste and bring the linen and hartshorn! I fear my
sweet pet’s foot is broken.”

“This all comes, pa,” said Clementina, the younger daughter, “from your
thinking so much of that _low boy_! Indeed, I feel relieved that he’s
gone. To have a creature about one who has been the inmate of an
Alms-House—it is so vulgar! And then one always feels afraid of being
contaminated!”

“I do not know why you should be afraid of him, Clem; he’s a very
gentlemanly little fellow, and I would not part with him for five
hundred a year. The store has never been opened so early, nor things
kept in such order since I have been in business, as during the time
Arthur has been in it.”

“Why, papa, the cook told me to-day that he is in the habit of sitting
up half the night studying and writing.”

“I don’t care what he did, nor how he sat up, as he was at the store,
and all things ready betimes. And so provoking, to have him go away just
at Christmas, when we have so much extra to do in the store, and so many
bills to send out!”

“Do you think, my dear, it is possible he can have gone to the
Alms-House? You know he left a sister there,” said Mrs. Buckler, looking
up from her poodle, who had now been _be-hartshorned_ and _be-linened_
to her satisfaction.

“Oh, surely not—that is more than fifty miles distant. Beside, he has
no money to pay his fare; and more than all, he does not know the way.
But now, I think of it, he did want me to let him go there at Christmas;
but I told him I could not spare him, and he had better not think of it.
Beside, it was very unlikely he would find his sister there, as in all
probability she had been taken out by some person before now.”

“Yes,” continued Mrs. B., “he seems to have had it on his mind; for last
summer, when he saved our little Willy from drowning, and I in gratitude
asked him what I should give him, he said he wanted nothing; but if I
would only beg of you to let him go to see his sister. I told him I
would; but I thought afterward, if he was going to remain with us, it
were better he should give up such associations.”

During the above conversation poor Arthur was pursuing his tedious way
along a rough frozen road toward the city of P——. In his hand he bore
a little bundle, the hoarded treasures of months, destined as gifts for
that dear, loved sister. The day had been beautifully clear, but as
night approached, dark clouds hung over the earth, and the snow had
already begun to fall. Still Arthur continued his lone and weary way;
sometimes blinded by the snow, he would stumble into a rut, or fall upon
the slippery ground, until completely exhausted, he leaned against a
tree for support.

“Who goes there?” cried a rough voice—and a man, bearing an axe upon
his shoulder, emerged from the gloom.

“It is a poor boy,” answered Arthur, “that’s going to P—— to see his
sister.”

“To P——! not to-night, surely! that’s thirty miles from here. Where
are you from, my lad?”

“From L——, sir,” answered Arthur.

“From L——! and have you walked all that distance to-day?”

“I have, sir,” was Arthur’s reply.

“Then you’ve walked far enough for one day, my boy; beside, you are on
the wrong track. Come, go home with me, take a good sleep, and start
fresh in the morning.”

“Could I get there, to-morrow evening?” asked Arthur, hesitatingly.

“You may not—but what then, there’s another day.”

“But to-morrow will be Christmas Eve!” here his voice began to tremble.

“Never mind, my lad, come with me, and if I find you a good boy, I will
try to help you on the way.” And reaching forth, he grasped the
unresisting hand of Arthur.

It was long since the poor boy had heard words of kindness, and there
was something in the warm grasp of that hard hand, and in the tones of
that coarse voice which recalled the visions of the past, and the tears
silently coursed each other down his cheeks, as he involuntarily clung
closer to the side of his companion.

When the cottager arrived at his neat home, there burned a bright,
cheerful blaze, around which his wife and children waited his return. He
presented Arthur, saying, “Here, Mary, I have brought you a little
traveler to spend the night, who is on his way to P—— to see his
sister, and has walked all the way from L—— this cold day.”

“Poor boy!” said she, rising, and taking his cold hands within her own,
then brushing his dark locks from his pale brow, and glancing at her own
hearty, cheerful-faced little ones, (who had clustered around to get a
sly peep at the stranger,) she murmured, “Poor boy, a mere child, to be
going so far! Have you no mother?”

Poor Arthur could bear no more; at the name of _mother_, he bent his
head, and sobbed aloud.

Pressing him to her heart, while the tears streamed down her own
benevolent face, she said, hushingly, “There, there now, never mind! God
takes care of the orphan!” while her good husband, who had taken the
youngest child upon his knee, brushed his sleeve across his eyes,
saying, “There, there, never mind; don’t cry, and to-morrow Johnny shall
take you a good bit of your journey on the old mare.”

The good couple had so won on Arthur’s heart, that ere supper was over
he had told them his simple tale; and they felt a still deeper interest
when they found in him the companion of their eldest son, who had been
in Mr. Buckler’s store for several years. And as he knelt with them ere
he retired to rest, and heard them ask God to bless and protect him, a
feeling of happiness crept over his soul, such as he had never felt
since that fearful night on which he had sought bread for his dying
mother.

                                           [_Conclusion in our next._

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration: THE BELLE OF THE SEASON.

Engraved expressly for Graham’s Magazine by A. S. Walter.]

                 *        *        *        *        *



                         THE BELLE OF NEWPORT.


                        BY CHARLES J. PETERSON.


It was the height of the season at Newport, and the long piazza of the
Ocean-House was crowded with loungers. Suddenly a young man, with
something of a foreign air, exclaimed—

“Heavens, Harry! what a divinity!”

He pointed, as he spoke, with his light cane to a young lady, who,
having approached on the other side of the street, was now picking her
way daintily across the dusty road. Her figure was one of unusual grace,
and her step light and elastic. When she reached the pavé she glanced up
at the piazza, but seeing a score of idle eyes fixed upon her, she
dropped her veil, and advanced to the ladies’ entrance with a slightly
hurried pace.

But the momentary exposure of her countenance showed that its beauty
justified the general look of admiration. The eyes were lustrous and
dark, a rich bloom mantled healthily on her cheek, and the fresh air
blew freely to and fro her redundant curls of glossy raven hair; added
to this the mouth was one of indescribable loveliness, around the
dimpled corners of which Love himself seemed to lurk.

“By Jove!” said the gentleman who had spoken before, “I have seen no
woman so beautiful in all my travels abroad. What eyes! they seem to
look into one’s very soul. And such a step, free and graceful as a
fawn’s, or rather like that of Diana, the maiden huntress, herself.”

“That, Derwent,” replied his companion, “is Miss Stanhope, the belle of
Newport we call her; beautiful enough, to be sure, but only the
companion to some rich Southern heiress.”

“And half the house, I suppose, is in love with her?”

“No, and yes,” replied Harry. “She has plenty of admirers, but no
suitors; her friend, the rich Miss Arnott, though as ugly as a giraffe,
carries the palm off from her.”

“I find my countrymen as mercenary as foreigners, though without half
the excuse,” said Derwent. “However, they can’t be blamed. Take my own
case, for instance. Here am I with just income enough to support myself,
and no prospect of being able to marry unless I select a rich wife, or
what is even worse, go to work in earnest at my nominal profession! In
such a case, one must either remain single or look out for an heiress.
It is well enough to talk of ‘love in a cottage,’ but what can two
people accustomed to the luxuries of life do in a house no bigger than a
dog-kennel, and with but one servant, a maid-of-all-work. However, you
must introduce me to this Miss Stanhope, I may as well flirt with her
like the rest.” Thus spoke Derwent, one of whose affectations was to
seem worse than he was.

That evening accordingly saw Derwent numbered among the acquaintance of
the belle of the season. She received him graciously, for in addition to
a remarkably fine person, he had an air of high-breeding; while his
countenance carried assurance of the owner being something more in both
intellect and heart, than the ephemeral men of fashion around him.
Indeed, Derwent possessed unusual ability, improved by book-study and
travel. He talked to Miss Stanhope of England, and its lordly demesnes;
of Paris, and its boulevards; of Germany, and the Rhine; of Italy, and
her priceless works of art; of Greece, and her temples, even in decay
the wonder of the spectator; and of Egypt, the parent of all, with her
venerable Nile, her Luxor, her Philæ, and her pyramids, which though
they have braved three thousand years, seem as if they will yet, in the
minds of the awe-struck Arabs, conquer Time itself. Nor did he confine
himself merely to these monuments of the past. He spoke of the manners,
the religious and the social condition of the nations he had traveled
among, from the starving operative of England to the free Bedouin of the
desert. This style of conversation, so different from the empty small
talk and insensate flattery with which her ears were usually greeted,
arrested the attention of Miss Stanhope; for being of a cultivated mind
herself, she not only appreciated what he said, but felt it as a
compliment to be talked to thus. In a word, Derwent managed to
monopolize her evening, and when the hour of retiring came neither
imagined it was half so late.

“And so you were engrossed by the beauty the whole of last evening,”
said Harry, as the friends sauntered to the billiard-room the following
morning. “You had other listeners, however, than Miss Stanhope; and, let
me whisper to you confidentially, have made quite a conquest in a
certain quarter. Miss Arnott herself, it seems, heard you describe your
presentation at St. James’, and was so charmed with your account of the
queen, that she has asked to be introduced to you; a favor never
bestowed on any gentleman before.”

“I forgot all about Miss Arnott, last night,” replied Derwent. “How does
she look? Is she a woman of sense?”

“As for how she looks,” replied Harry, “here she comes with Miss
Stanhope: you see her now, a tall, lean figure, with a face that might
be pretty if it had a bit of expression. There, that slouchy, awkward
figure, is worth just twenty thousand a year; while the one beside it,
all grace, beauty, and vivacity, has not a cent. Whether Miss Arnott has
common sense you must decide for yourself, for I intend to introduce you
on the moment.”

Before Derwent had time to reply, the introduction had taken place, and
Derwent been left dexterously to Miss Arnott, while his friend had
contrived to monopolize her companion.

It was a lovely morning for walking. A shower the preceding evening had
laid the dust, the sun shone without a cloud, and a cool breeze, laden
with saline freshness from the sea, blew pleasantly past. The ladies
were executing a long cherished determination to visit the cliffs on
foot; and the two young men solicited leave to accompany them. In a few
minutes Derwent had grown heartily tired of his companion. She was, he
thought, the most insipid creature he had ever met. Yet, to do Miss
Arnott justice, she was quite as interesting as most fashionably
educated young ladies; but then Derwent could not help contrasting her
with Miss Stanhope, whose playful wit, strong sense, and rich stores of
reading rendered the penniless companion as fascinating as the heiress
was dull. He was glad when, the cliffs being reached, his _tête-à-tête_
was broken up. He had secretly resolved to be revenged on Harry, and
accordingly luring Miss Stanhope off to look at the sea from a new
point, he set out on his return, without going back for Harry and Miss
Arnott, contenting himself with waving his hat for them to follow.

If Miss Stanhope detected his little stratagem, she was not displeased
with it; and the walk back to the hotel comprised an hour of the
sweetest enjoyment to Derwent. Though the beauty of Miss Stanhope had
first attracted his attention, it was the qualities of her mind that now
fascinated him; yet we will not deny that what she said received
additional interest by falling from such lovely lips. In short, from
that morning Derwent became the constant cavalier of Miss Stanhope; and
this, notwithstanding the marked efforts which Miss Arnott made to
attract him to herself. At last, the partiality of the heiress became so
strong that she frowned openly on her companion whenever she saw Derwent
and Miss Stanhope together—finally, the latter from some cause avoided
his attentions, and left the field open to her more fortunate rival.

Whether, however, this was the result of Miss Arnott’s direct
interference, or whether Miss Stanhope herself began to think Derwent
only trifling with her, our hero had no means of discovering. For three
or four days he bore the avoidance of his mistress with comparative
patience, but when he found that she persisted in it, and was apparently
not governed by any whim, he became almost mad with jealousy and
despair. For the first time in his life he was really in love. He no
longer thought of the comparative moderation in which he would have to
live, if he married a woman without fortune; on his part he was now
willing to make any sacrifice. After a sleepless night, he arose
resolving to seek Miss Stanhope to offer his hand, when, on opening a
letter that had been sent up to his room, marked “in haste,” he read the
astounding intelligence that the bank in which most of his fortune was
invested, had stopped payment, and that he was now comparatively a
beggar.

Those who have never experienced the sudden loss of wealth, and who have
never found themselves reduced, as it were in an hour, from a competence
to poverty, know nothing of what Derwent suffered. For awhile he even
forgot his love. He read and re-read his letter, but there was no
mistake in the fact; he rang for the public papers, the announcement of
the bank’s failure was there too. He paced his chamber, how long he knew
not, until at last the door was thrown violently open, and Harry
entered.

“What, in heaven’s name, is the matter?” cried his friend. “Have you
forgotten your engagement to ride with me this morning? I waited till
past the hour, and then came up and knocked at your door; you gave me no
answer, though I heard you walking about like a mad lion in his cage; so
I made bold to enter _vi et armis_, as a plea of trespass says. Now,
don’t look as if you would eat me—but tell me what’s the row.”

Derwent had indeed glared at Harry like an enraged wild beast when the
latter entered. He did not wish to be interrupted, much less by his
mercurial companion; but, while Harry was speaking, he reflected how
ridiculous anger would be, and hence, when the latter ceased, he
advanced to the table by which Harry stood, and pushed the open letter,
which contained the news of his ruin, to the intruder.

“Good God!” cried Harry, when he had perused it, “how unfortunate. I saw
the failure of the bank in the papers, but did not know you owned any of
the rascally stock. How came it, my dear fellow? I always invest in
mortgages or ground-rents.”

“It was left there by my guardians, and since I came of age I have been
abroad. I intended to change the investment, but left the business, with
other things, till fall, intending to be here all summer. And what is
worse, it is my entire fortune, except about five thousand dollars.”

“You shock me,” said Harry. “I did not think it was half so bad as
that.” He paused, mused, and then said, looking up brightly—“However,
Derwent, you are a lucky fellow yet. I have seen, for some days, that
you have had half a mind to make love seriously to Miss Stanhope; now
this blow will rescue you from that folly, for to marry on three hundred
a year would be lunacy itself. Miss Arnott will have you, if you speak
quick, so cheer up, it is always darkest just before the day.”

Derwent looked at his friend sternly, and was about to characterize the
proceeding Harry advised as villainy; but he said nothing, only
mournfully shaking his head.

“Pshaw!” said Harry, “what foolish notions have come over you? Be a man,
Derwent. I wish to heaven Miss Arnott would only have me; I like to talk
to her companion well enough; and it’s pleasant, too, to dance with such
a beautiful creature; but, egad, my two thousand a year would not go far
toward supporting a wife.”

“I will be a man,” replied Derwent, with sudden energy, “I will not
yield to this blow. There, Harry, good-bye for the present—I will join
you in an hour.”

When the door had closed on his friend, Derwent said—

“Yes! I _will_ be a man. All thoughts of Miss Stanhope must now be
dismissed; the most delightful dream of my life is over. I must
hereafter toil for my very bread. Well, let the storm rage—I can breast
it!”

In this half defiant, half despairing mood, he concluded his toilette
and went down stairs. His first visit was to the office, where he
announced his intention of leaving early the next morning—“For since,”
he said, “I must pull the oar, the sooner I begin the better.”

He hesitated whether to seek Miss Stanhope and tell her all, or to leave
her without explanation. “I will say nothing,” at last he said. “She
will hear of the cause of my departure soon enough; and even if she had
thought of me, will then bless her good fortune which preserved her from
marrying a beggar.”

He had scarcely arrived at this conclusion, however, when he met Miss
Stanhope herself face to face. He had been sauntering up the street, his
hands folded behind him, his whole air listless and dejected. He was
taken by surprise, bowed to her with embarrassment, and then, after she
had passed, remembering that she looked amazed at his manner, he turned
about and joined her mechanically. He scarcely knew why he went back;
and when he had done it, he was more embarrassed than ever. Miss
Stanhope was the first to speak.

“Are you ill, Mr. Derwent?” she said, in a voice of sympathy, “you look
so.”

The tone of kindness in which these words were spoken opened the
flood-gates of his heart, and he could not resist the impulse to tell
her how much he had loved her, and how he should cherish her memory,
though fate had placed an insurmountable barrier between them. His words
flowed in a torrent of burning eloquence. Unconsciously he and Miss
Stanhope walked on, though they had long passed the hotel; and when he
had concluded they were at the end of the street, on the wild, bleak
common.

Not until he had told his tale, and a minute or two of silence had
followed, did Derwent venture even to look at his companion. But, on
doing so, he found she was scarcely less agitated than himself. She
trembled visibly, and when, as soon happened, she turned to answer him,
traces of tears were on her cheeks.

“Mr. Derwent,” she said, “I will be frank with you, for, in these
matters, perfect frankness is a suitor’s right. I will not say that this
declaration of passion surprises me, for, in spite of my having heard
that you were insincere, I thought I saw in you a real esteem for me. It
would be affectation for me to deny this. That I am shocked at your loss
of fortune, I need not say; I feel too great an interest in you to do
otherwise, and this interest I am not unwilling, you see, openly to
acknowledge.”

She looked at him with such noble frankness, that Derwent, enraptured by
so unexpected an avowal, could scarcely refrain from snatching her hand
and carrying it to his lips. But he thought of the public common; and
then he thought also of his poverty, and how idle all this was—so he
remained motionless and silent.

“You tell me,” she continued, “that you are now almost a beggar; and
that, therefore, you resign my hand. But, excuse me—for surely it is
not unmaidenly for me to say this—are you doing right in acting thus?
Is wealth necessary to happiness? Will not a sufficiency insure felicity
if there is real love in the union? You have talents, and I hope,
energy; if I thought otherwise I could not love you. You have also a
profession, which you avow your intention of following. Pray do not
misunderstand me—I do not wish to make myself a burden to you—but
neither must you suppose that I am base enough to you, or sufficiently
ignorant of what will constitute my own happiness, to refuse you because
you are a poor, instead of a rich man. In a worldly view even a
penniless lawyer,” she said, smiling, “is a very good match for the
companion of a rich heiress.”

Amazement at this noble conduct had kept Derwent silent until now, but
he could no longer remain quiet.

“And you are generous enough,” he cried, “to unite your fate with mine,
if ever I grow rich enough to offer you a home?”

“I am not very exacting in my tastes, Mr. Derwent,” replied the fair
girl, “and, therefore, shall be contented with what you would think a
very humble home. The moment, therefore, that you can give me one, in
which you will be willing to live yourself, that moment I will become
your wife. But remember,” she added archly, “I am flesh and blood after
all, and cannot live merely on love. I am willing, with that confidence
which my affection inspires, to wait for you, and believe you will never
seek me until you can support me; but that will not be long hence, if I
judge your talents aright. And now never, never,” she added earnestly,
“doubt again a woman’s single-heartedness in love.”

Derwent was equally bewildered and transported. In his wildest dreams he
had never imagined Miss Stanhope as noble and generous as he now found
her. He told her as much.

“You flatter me more than I deserve,” she replied. “Life, in all
circumstances, is a season of trial; wealth cannot secure immunity from
trouble; and perhaps the happiest, after all, are those who labor for
their daily bread, because their toil sweetens the meal. Nay, I am sure
I shall love you more, because I shall think you more manly.”

Derwent parted from Miss Stanhope a different man from what he had been
before the interview. It was not the knowledge of her love merely which
had worked the change in him, but it was the discovery that he had
thought the human heart more selfish than it is, that he had doubted the
existence of a generous affection.

They parted that evening. Miss Stanhope, though she pledged herself to
Derwent, stipulated that he should not accompany her to the South, but
that he should at once begin the practice of his profession.

“You may write to me,” she said, playfully, “and I will answer, and we
shall then see, from the punctuality of the answers, which loves the
most. Next year I shall probably come North again with my cousin, and be
assured I will let you know of my arrival the instant we are established
at the hotel in New York.”

Derwent had now an object for which to struggle, and nobly did he labor
for the great end he had in view. The fall and winter he devoted to
assiduous study, taking no relaxation except what was necessary for
health, visiting nowhere; his sole solace being a weekly letter to Miss
Stanhope. Her replies still breathed unabated affection. High as was the
estimate he had placed on her abilities, they fell short of the reality
as he discovered by this correspondence, and proud was he that such a
woman was some day to be his wife.

Nor did that day appear far distant. His knowledge of European languages
brought him several foreign clients, whom other lawyers were unable to
converse with; and one of these clients placed a case in his hands which
he won, and which from the large claim at risk, as well as from the
abstruse points of law involved, brought him much reputation. His
business increased so fast that he wrote to Miss Stanhope:

“Congratulate me, I have gained the first move in the game, and am now
considered a hard-working lawyer; I am already able to offer you a home,
but let us wait another year that we may be certain.”

And she replied—“I have placed my fate in your hands, and rejoice to
find you all I hoped. Dear Derwent, you are more precious to me now than
if worth millions, since you have shown that you are something more than
an idler.”

About a month after Derwent received this letter, a note was brought to
him, the superscription of which was in the handwriting of his mistress.
He opened it with emotion, for he knew from it that she had arrived in
New York. The delicate little missive contained but three lines:

“Come to me: I am in New York; my present home is No. — , Union
Square.”

“Who does she, or rather Miss Arnott, know in Union Square?” he said. “I
expected to be summoned to the Astor or the Irving.” He thus
soliloquized as he drew on his gloves.

It does not take an expectant lover long to walk two miles; so Derwent
found himself, in half an hour, at the door of a magnificent mansion, on
which he saw, with bewilderment, the name of “Stanhope.” Just as he had
rung the bell an elegant private carriage drove up, and Miss Stanhope
herself stepped out. He looked for Miss Arnott to follow, but she did
not. His mistress was quite alone. The servant obsequiously bowed, and
showed the way into the drawing-room, whither, first giving her hand to
Derwent, Miss Stanhope led our hero, his amazement increasing as a
strange, wild suspicion, which the name on the door had first suggested,
grew stronger within him.

His affianced bride laughed musically at his perplexity; and leading him
to a _tête-à-tête_ said, as she laid her hand fondly on his shoulder:

“Are you astonished? Will you believe me when I tell you that all this
is mine? You have thought me a pattern of frankness, dear Derwent, yet I
have been deceiving you for a whole year; making you work, when I had
enough for us both. But I wished to test you; and now that I have found
you even more than I hoped, and that I love you better than ever, you
will not,” she continued, looking up archly into his face,—and, truth
must be told, positively kissing him—“disown me, even though I am
co-heiress with my cousin, in my own right, to twenty thousand a year.”

How would you have acted reader? We will tell you how Derwent did; he
took the beautiful creature in his arms, and blessed her over and over
again. Blessed her, not for her fortune, but for her having taught him
to rely on himself, and not to live the idle life of a mere man of
fortune.

“And you will still follow your profession, and win an even greater
name?” said his lovely mistress, her fine eyes kindling with enthusiasm.
“I want a husband I can be proud of, and I know I have found such a one
in you.”

Derwent made the promise, and she continued—

“As a girl, I wished to be loved for myself rather than my fortune; and
my scheme of going to Newport, as my cousin’s poor companion, was the
result of that desire. There I found one whom I felt had but one fault,
and that was idleness. There I found you preferring the penniless girl
to the rich cousin. But I saw you wasting your fine powers away in a
life of mere fashion, and was hesitating whether I ought not to strive
against my increasing affection, when your ruin”—she hesitated, and
then added quickly, blushing roseate over face, neck, and bosom—“but
you know the rest.”

Derwent has now no superior as an orator, and has declined a nomination
to Congress, because even higher honors are open to him. His wife loves
him more devotedly than ever, and is still as beautiful as when known as
THE BELLE OF NEWPORT.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                           I’M DREAMING NOW.


    Speak gently, tread lightly—I’m dreaming now,
    And the soft light of Hope gilds my upturned brow,
    While brightly love-phantoms before me shine,
    And joy’s festal garlands around me entwine.
    Light carols the Future—I echo its lay,
    And am happy and glad as a young child at play.

    Speak softly and low:—Though I’m dreaming now,
    A shade from the _past_ presses cold on my brow:
    I list for loved voices—they greet not mine ear;
    And I watch—all in vain—for the forms once so dear.
    Naught, naught is forgot—and a quivering thrill,
    As I dwell on lang-syne, in my breast responds still.

    Speak gently no more; I’m awak’ning now,
    And _Care’s_ darksome shadow steals over my brow;
    My spirit has lost its fair rainbow hue,
    And wrong, and deceit, cloud its roseate view:
    With a mournful cry, through the wild rustling air,
    Comes a voice which breathes ever a strain of despair.

    Speak boldly and free—_I’m not dreaming now_;
    _Reality’s_ signet is stamped on my brow:
    Gone, _gone_ are Hope’s beacons, and faded is joy;
    The shroud mantled Future all bliss doth destroy!
    With a heart stricken sore—a soul that’s bowed low,
    I am pinioned to Earth by the fetters of _wo_.
                                                 CHROMIA.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                         THE ADVOCATE OF LOVE.


                            BY CAROLINE C——.


      “These things write we unto you that your joy may be full.”

Let us by earnest thought, make this fleeting hour of a fleeting
existence sacred to the memory of the Evangelist. For to the striving
actors of the “living present,” the past can offer few better gifts than
the scripture “record” of this “good man’s life.”

He was one other of that band of obscure fishermen, who, adorned with
none of the pride and pomp of official station—destitute of all the
attractions of wealth—distinguished by none of the refinements and
graces of cultivated life, appeared before the astonished people and
rulers of Judea and all the East, suddenly gifted with such miraculous
powers as enabled them to proclaim, and enforce, the most important
truths on the minds of a nation, which counted itself, in every respect,
far beyond all necessity of instruction.

Rightly to study and to estimate the record of St. John, cannot prove to
us a profitless task; a deeper feeling than admiration, and an exalted
appreciation that will not subside into mere respect for him, is sure to
be aroused. The conviction will _force_ itself upon a searcher after
truth, of the exceeding beauty and excellence of the character of this
Apostle, and disciple—the brother of James—the son of Zebedee and
Salome—the fisherman of the Sea of Galilee—the man to whom was
revealed the volume of deep mysteries—the meek, attentive,
self-forgetful follower, whom Jesus loved.

He lived through all those convulsions, wondrous and terrible, that
marked the first century of the Christian era; and when was he found
wanting in that indomitable courage that suffered and endured _all_
things for the love of the blessed Jesus? True, it is recorded that when
alone in the place of banishment, the Angel of the Lord appeared before
the exiled man, uttering the divine proclamation, “I am Alpha and Omega,
the beginning and the ending—which is, which was, and which is to come,
the Almighty,” he fell as one dead at the angel’s feet. What then?
Dwells there a mortal on the earth, whose spirit and whose form would
not perforce bow before the messenger of Jehovah, crushed by the thought
of utter impotency and nothingness? Indeed one might well be called
fool-hardy, and idiotically bold, rather than really brave, who could
look unabashed and undismayed upon the “terrors of the Lord,” and on
“the glory of His power.”

John had not perhaps the ever-glowing ardor of the great Peter—his
career may not have been marked by the constantly self-possessed bravery
with which that Apostle every where, and at all times, stormed the
citadels of Satan, casting in all directions his weapons of spiritual
defiance, and carrying on unceasingly what was most emphatically a
warfare; but we are not told that he ever denied his Master; we have no
proof, we receive no intimation that he was ever a weakly or blindly
zealous preacher, or one unreasonably secure in his powers. Never was he
a withholder of the truth when once it was revealed to him—and not an
inefficient leader in the valiant army of the saints—no weak defender
of the moral rights of man, and the sacred truths of eternal life.

And to whose written or spoken words shall we turn, to find a better
exemplification of the milder truths, and the more endearing graces, of
that faith, of which our Saviour is the chief corner-stone, than to the
record of John the Evangelist.

The language he almost invariably adopted to address lost sinners, was
not that of denunciatory wrath or of stern condemnation—but rather was
it mild, persuasive, gentle and loving, such as tended to soften and win
the rebellious heart, rather than terrify it and repel. The great truths
of religion as uttered by his lips, were the love and infinite
compassion of God—the constant care with which He watches over and
provides for all things created; the readiness and joy with which He
ever listens to the cries of those who in a right spirit draw nigh to
Him.

Never, or very rarely, did he seek to frighten and compel sinners to
repentance, by proclaiming to weak and helpless beings the wrath of a
God who would surely destroy if they did not instantly yield their
allegiance. He did not, to add force to an argument which in itself he
conceived all-powerful, strive to make predominant in the minds of
terrified hearers the thought of the avenging arm uplifted—the bright
sword suspended over the heads of all offenders, threatening to cut them
instantaneously from the land of the living. Nor was it the lake of
eternally burning fire, nor the deep, dark, dreadful pit, nor the
everlasting torments, nor the never appeased wrath of God—nor the
undying worm, that he made the themes of his eloquent appeals. Ah, no!
but ever was his voice heard urging the beloved in Christ’s name to be
reconciled to God; the mild eyes fixed on the people, who _could not_
listen unmoved to his pleading words, and the gentle voice, was sounding
in their ears who had been deaf to sterner commands, like sweet and
never to be forgotten melody. And tears were shed, and groans were
heard, when he stood like an angel of light and of mercy amid the
unrepentant and unforgiven.

Childlike, pure-minded, and kind, and charitable in his dealings with
the most grievous sinner, as he delivered the doctrine of redemption it
became peculiarly the doctrine of reconciliation. And yet, the
gentleness and affectionateness of John’s nature, evinced in his every
word and deed, may not be taken as a proof, or as a support, of the idea
that either personally or spiritually he was a coward!

It was surely no evidence of a weak or trifling character, the readiness
with which in his early manhood he listened to and obeyed the Saviour’s
“follow me.” Could we even for a moment suppose that his mind was cast
in a mould so weak as would render him unable to resist any command
made, with a show of superior power? Speedily that thought would die
away in the reflection, that no power or authority on earth could in
such case have held him steadfast to his vows, till the shadows of a
century clustered around him! To the cause which he espoused that
morning when the people’s Heavenly Teacher promised that He would make
them “fishers of men,” he cleaved steadfast, through persecutions and
fiery trials innumerable, until worn out by many toils, and many years,
he died. The love of God, revealed by his son, Jesus, extended to
miserable, erring man, was the great truth that first touched and won
his heart; and it was because he fervently believed that the marvellous
mercy of God could not be otherwise than powerfully efficacious in
turning sinners from the ways of death, that he so constantly presented
that blessed thought to the mind of his hearers. In the recesses of his
once darkened mind had penetrated the glorious mystery “God is Love.” To
a generous, lofty spirit, that truth having made his own peace, it was
the instant and abiding impulse, that he should always, and most
earnestly, _by_ that argument, urge the Christian duties on his fellows.

The recorded deeds of this missionary do not occupy so important or
prominent a place in the sacred pages as do those of Peter, and of Paul,
but by no means are we to consider him as gifted with less natural, or
less miraculous power; neither was he subordinate to them in any
particular.

When we think of these remarkable men, it is true, we are struck with
their boldness, and perseverance, and unconquerable energy—we regard
with admiring thought the action of their strong will, directed to the
attainment of the most holy, heavenly objects; but even such
contemplation does not take away the interest with which we consider
him, on whose manly nature was laid the crown of loving gentleness;
which, when we consider what his mission was, and what he taught, seems
peculiarly and beautifully appropriate, and renders his character
irresistibly attractive to whosoever studies it.

God and Love were the words graven on his spirit. Indeed, they were
terms almost synonymous to his apprehension. God was love—and love an
emanation from God, and these two, (if we may call them _separate_
thoughts) induced as great a result, and as strongly marked John’s
character, making so prominent the angelic features of his soul, as did
self-love and covetousness stamp that of Judas—as did defiance of evil,
and confidence in God’s justice, mark that of Paul; or, as did
persevering faith, and determination for victory, distinguish the career
of Peter.

His amiable and conciliatory nature did not exempt him from suffering,
any more than did the straight-forward boldness of the bravest disciple
of Christ. Distress and danger were _his_ hand-maids, as they were of
all who in that dark age advocated Christianity, and never could the
humility, kindness, and forbearance of John, by his most bitter enemies,
be construed into meanness, or to the promptings of a paltry spirit that
weakly cringed to the rich men and the powerful.

In that solemn hour when Judas went forth from the presence of the Lord,
convicted of his foul treachery, when the Saviour addressed to his
disciples the saddest words of prophecy, speaking to them in that tender
manner which won their deep attention, and lasting affection. He called
them “little children”—saying—“A little while and I am with you, ye
shall seek me, and as I said to the Jews, whither I go ye cannot come;
so now I say unto you. A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love
one another, as I have loved you. By this shall all men know that ye are
my disciples, _if ye have love one to another_.”

Not one of the eleven listened to those words in vain, but a deeper
impression seem they to have made upon the youngest of that honored
group, the holy John; for the sentiment of that most impressive address
was the burden of his thought and of his voice, to the last hour of his
life.

Among the weeping women who gathered around the sacred Cross, the
youngest disciple stood, notwithstanding his recent desertion, still the
object of his Master’s kind regard and favor. How lovingly did the
Saviour’s eyes rest upon the apostle—with what earnest emotion he
directed John’s attention to the Virgin Mother, saying to her, “Woman,
behold thy son!” and to John, “behold thy mother!” remembering even in
that hour of bitterest sorrow, to provide for her who had been the
guardian of his infancy, the fond, unfailing lover of his manhood.

To think on that obscure home of poverty, where the blessed Mother Mary
dwelt, with the beloved disciple!

Blessed indeed was she, most worthy to be held by all the world in an
ever affectionate remembrance; and yet, as a mortal woman, subject to
like infirmities, passions and sins, with all born of the flesh,
altogether unworthy adoration or worship!

What a communion of thought, and of hope, must there have been between
those two human beings, in the years when, as mother and son, they dwelt
together! With what inconceivable interest must the narratives of Mary
respecting the Redeemer’s early life, have fallen upon the ear of John,
when, after his fatiguing labors were for a brief time suspended, he
would return to his home, and to her! How must his heart have thrilled,
as he listened to the mournful words, and witnessed the regretful tears
with which she called to mind His days of helplessness—when he lay
beautiful in his weakness in her arms, and she knew that he was the Son
of God! Fraught with intense interest, as she related it, must have been
the story of that visit of the wise men from the East, of whose fame she
had often times heard, but whom she had always regarded as a superior
race of beings! How eagerly must he have listened to that tale which had
so many times been repeated in his hearing, of the shepherds who came in
the night time to worship Jesus. Of how, while they looked with so much
wonder and awe on the infant, so like in all respects to their own
children, their faith grew strong to recognize in Him, even while He lay
helpless in the manger, a mighty ruler—a lord over them all—a king
greater than any that had ever reigned on the throne of Israel.

And how must John have rejoiced as he beheld anew the proof of the
all-protecting power of God, when many spoke of that most opportune gift
of the wise men, which enabled the distressed parents to escape with
their child to the land of Egypt, where in safety they might dwell, far
removed from the cruelty of Herod.

As she told the faith that upheld both Joseph and herself when they set
out on that long, tedious journey toward the strange land, which had
proved a land of such dread bondage to their fathers, how greatly must
his courage have revived, how strengthened must have become his
confidence in God! And then, how must the desire, and the ability which
almost invariably accompanies strong desire to labor, have increased,
when John heard from Mary’s lips the story of the perseverance, humility
and diligence, with which her child had applied himself to learn his
father’s craft, how he had so faithfully labored to better the temporal
condition of his poor parents, giving thus to the whole world an example
of patient and uncomplaining perseverance, beneath the strong test,
poverty—and proving that when he adopted the nature of humanity, he did
not exempt himself from that dread curse pronounced on Adam, “by the
sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat thy bread.”

With no common emotion could that disciple have listened, when Mary told
of Jesus as he was in the years of his boyhood, while he was increasing
in stature, and in favor with God and man. With no unsympathizing ear
could he have heard her tell of those days, when she, with Joseph,
sought for the child with tears, finding him at last in the temple
questioning and arguing with the learned doctors and teachers!

And then, what sorrowful tears must they have wept together, as they
recalled the scene of His last bitter agony!

She, the mother, with a sorrow which at times would not be comforted,
lamented the child who was ever so affectionate, obedient and
truthful—the son of her heart, her pride, and her deep love—who, born
under the most adverse circumstances, had lived a life of great
exertion, of poverty, persecution, and deep sorrow, and oh, horrible and
most strange consummation of such a life! She had seen him, the
blameless and the perfect, ignominiously sacrificed upon the Cross, with
malefactors!

And John, the companion of that Saviour’s manhood, while with regretful
thought he pondered on all these things which had come to pass, still
buoyed up by a hope that never faded, would seek to comfort her,
repeating the kind words of encouragement _their Lord_ had spoken when
He was alone with the disciples. The mother mourned a son, such as never
was given to another parent—and the apostle wept over the memory of a
friend, whose like neither before or since His coming, has the world
ever seen!

Ah, never was there _such_ a mingling of thought, and of prayer, as in
that humble household!—never were such regret, and hope, and love
rising with the memory of one departed, as with His, whose image was so
devoutly shrined in their hearts!

When Mary, (unable always to merge her affection as a mortal mother, in
the thought that the risen Lord was no more _her son_, that as the
ascended God, he was to her only as to all the world, a Redeemer, a
Saviour, and a Judge) wept, as she remembered the “wonder child,” her
first born, whose infancy Joseph and herself had watched with the
fondest care, and with such an ever-present feeling of responsibility,
with what consoling words, taught him by that spirit which Jesus had
sent to all his apostles, must John have comforted her! And there was
efficacy in his words to calm the troubled waters of her soul, and the
“peace! be still!” he spoke, was singularly powerful to reconcile her,
to cheer, and to inspire with new hope.

For fifteen years, as is supposed by some, John dwelt in Jerusalem with
that woman, who to this day is honored of all who have received the
truth, and adored, and glorified, and worshiped by that church built on
the unfailing foundation, “the infallible Peter”—as its members
declare. Yes! and there are myriads who never heard that the great Cæsar
reigned once in power and magnificence—to whom the rulers and the
high-priests of that day are as though they never had been. There are
multitudes of these, who, even at this distant day, bow down to the very
dust to supplicate a blessing of Mary, the Mother of God!

Tenderly, as over an aged mother, did St. John watch her declining
years, providing for her comfort, soothing and cheering her heart, and
smoothing the pathway to her feet, as they tottered toward the grave.
But during all this time the apostle had not forgotten the duties of his
more important and more dangerous vocation.

In the great, the holy city, he had performed the duties devolving on
his ministerial office, with great encouragement. Though, with Peter, he
had suffered cruel imprisonment, and wicked men had not failed to
afflict, and torment him, by bringing evils in innumerable shapes upon
him—for in such ways did they seek to dissuade the apostles from
preaching, and the people from lending a listening ear.

Many times St. John had journeyed to the various churches scattered
round about, unfolding in every place where he sojourned the heavenly
message that was given him to reveal, but invariably he had returned to
Jerusalem, and to Mary, making his home with her.

As has been stated, it is supposed by many that at the expiration of
these fifteen years, the mother of Jesus died; and, that John then
removed from Jerusalem to Asia Minor, where he founded seven churches,
while he resided chiefly at Ephesus.

In this new scene of labor, St. John did not escape
persecution—surrounded, as he was, by a superstitious and idolatrous
people, danger and sorrow constantly attended and awaited him.

Neither was it given him to labor in a portion of the Master’s vineyard,
untroubled by the distress and misfortune that attended his distant
brethren. The tidings which from time to time came to him of the
progress of the holy work, and the welfare of those, who, from the
peculiar ties that bound them to him, he held most dear, were such as
caused his heart to ache, and his tears to fall, oftener than they
aroused his soul to gratitude, or his voice to thanksgiving.

And all this time the missionary was not continuing in the “vigor of his
youth;” old age was rapidly taking from him his strength, and his power
of exertion—but wondrous scenes were yet to be revealed to John before
his final departure. Jerusalem, the vast, proud city, whose destruction
the Jews held to be a thing impossible, when Jesus foretold its ruin,
deeming it the wildest and most absurd idea, that a misfortune so
overwhelming should overtake _them_. Jerusalem, the glory of monarchs,
and of whole generations of men; Jerusalem, the stronghold of pride and
intolerance, was destroyed!—completely despoiled, and ruined!

Many authorities agree that this signal punishment of sin occurred
seventy years after the death of Christ. Assuredly it _was_ a complete,
an awful visitation to those proud, rebellious, persecuting Jews, who
raised the cry—“His blood be upon us and on our children!” Never since
that time have they become a united, separate people—never yet have
they regained their country, or a shadow of their former power!

John had outlived all his apostolic brethren. And it was in that trying
time when the care of all the churches devolved upon him, that the
sentence of banishment was pronounced against him. It was like taking
the deputed shepherd, the watchful and careful guardian, away from a
helpless and wandering flock; for not well could be spared, at that
time, his vigilant eye, his loving heart. Especially needed then, was
his voice, to warn, to teach, to cheer, and to encourage. They who were
weak in the faith required to have much before their eyes that living
witness of the power of faith—the old man, who through so many years,
even from his youth, had fought a most excellent fight.

During the loneliness of his exile, the marvelous Revelation was
delivered to the veteran apostle. In a dreary island, uncheered by the
sound of human voices, those aged eyes beheld the glory of the Lord
revealed—saw the heavenly angel, heard the wondrous voice. It was there
those mysterious shadowings of things to come, were given him to spread
before all men. The voices of the prophets all were hushed—now came one
forth from the very presence of God, to prophecy great and wondrous
things indeed—to foretell the before unuttered secrets of time and
eternity; to “win souls to repentance,” by revealing one glimpse of the
blessed land, which needeth not sun, nor moon, nor candle—which the
smile of the Lord God illumines forevermore; to point out to the
hardened and presumptuous hearts of sinners the horrors of the second
death—to tell of the worm that dieth not, and the fire that is
unquenchable!

How strange to think of that white-haired man, severed from all he held
most dear on earth, distressed with constant tears for the firmness of
his repentant people, bearing in mind many beloved ones whom he yet
hoped to see bowing down to the mild sceptre of Jesus, and whom daily he
presented before the throne of God in prayer, and fearing ever for the
steadfastness of the churches he had established in the midst of the
idolatrous and unbelieving, and separated from all who through years of
friendly companionship had grown very dear to him.

Well nigh seventy years had passed since John, in the vigor of his
youth, had stood a horrified witness of the death of torture to which
the Almighty Master had submitted; and there he was, having passed
bravely through the raging sea of persecution, bearing up bravely under
all the infirmities of age, heightened by a life of exposure and
hardship, banished to an island where, we are not aware, was one
congenial companion to cheer his lonely hours; compelled, after so many
years of unceasing exertion, to what would at first, perhaps, seem a
most wretched kind of rest.

A wretched rest? dreary loneliness? Ah, no! such peace, such joy as the
most prosperous worldling never knew, made sweet and bright the days of
that man’s exile!

God the Father watched over him, assuring him, in the hour when his
mortal courage and strength utterly failed him, whispering “it is I! be
not afraid!” God the Son, the exalted, glorified Friend, was, though
invisible, ever nigh at hand! and John knew it, and as in a dream, he
heard the echo of the words the Saviour had once spoken on earth,
“Whatsoever ye ask the Father in _my_ name, He will give it you.” And
God the Holy Ghost, the Comforter, was ever near, sustaining and
cheering with a power nothing less than Almighty.

Was he alone, then? Alone! God was with him, a Friend, a Companion, a
Guide, a Consoler. Alone! Methinks in that banishment St. John could
scarcely have learned the meaning of the word!

Considering the subject of the Revelation delivered to him, we are
struck with the peculiar fitness attending all the circumstances of its
delivery.

To whom were the mystical words given? Not to a youth brave-hearted, and
fiery, whose feet were newly shod with the “preparation of the Gospel of
Peace.” Not to a man who had served the Lord Jesus for a few troublous
years, but to one who, from youth to extreme old age, had wrought in the
fields of his Master, bearing with all patience and meekness, the burden
and the heat of the day, and who now stood upon the very verge of the
grave! Observe, too, the _time_ that was chosen for the Revelation to be
made. It was not while St. John was borne down by anxiety, and exposed
every hour to danger, insult, and all that could distract his mind, but
when far-removed from the scene of his labors, it was impossible for him
to longer turn up the furrows of the field, or gather in the fruit ripe
for the harvest. And the place! far removed from his home, surrounded by
a quiet “deeper than silence is,” safe from persecution—away from the
jarring sights and sounds of a busy world.

Beholding under such circumstances a vision so wonderful, so miraculous,
listening for the first time to a voice whose sound was like the rushing
of many waters, it is neither a very strange thing, nor the slightest
evidence of a want of entire confidence and faith in God, that John fell
as one dead at the feet of the Son of Man, whose countenance was like
the sun shining in his strength.

Into that mystery of mysteries, the revelation of the Divine, it is not
my purpose now to look.

Its deep things which remain yet unsolved, I cannot flood with light,
and as regards much of the Revelation, far-reaching, keen, and subtle
minds, have endeavored (with how much of success it were best each
reader should determine for himself) to sweep back the clouds which hang
around that declaration of things that _have_ been.

Of those pages St. John has said, “Blessed is he that readeth, and they
that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are
written therein, for the time is at hand.” And surely we are not to
consider those words as applicable only to the Seven Churches to which
they were first addressed. And if, in all those pages so gorgeously
illumined with prophecy, there is advanced no truth the mind can
comprehend, save the record of the New Jerusalem’s glory, if that, and
the promise of the everlasting “rest of the saints,” only inspires the
reader to strive without ceasing for the blessings that await the
redeemed, it will surely not have proved a sealed volume to him.

There are none who _by searching_ may find out God, further than he in
his good pleasure chooses to reveal himself; but there can be no one who
is possessed of a “seeing eye,” or a “hearing ear,” who is incapable of
perusing this allegorical or highly figurative series of prophecies with
an uninterested or uninstructed mind and heart.

Who that has once read, can forget “the pure river of the water of life,
pure as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and the Lamb?” or
who that toils on, wearing in weariness the burden of life, does not
rejoice to think of that “tree of life, the leaves of which are for the
healing of the nations;” and of that blessed land, whereof it is told
“there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, nor light of
the sun, for the Lord God giveth them light, and they shall reign
forever and ever?”

Or who that would make a jest and a mock of sacred things, can read
without a thrill of terror of the “great white throne, and Him that sat
on it, from whose face the earth and heaven fled away, and there was
found no place for them;” and of the dead, small and great, whom he saw
stand before God, when the books were opened, and “the sea gave up the
dead which were in it, and death and hell delivered up the dead which
were in them—and they were judged every man according to his works, and
death and hell were cast into the lake of fire?”

Was it strange that he to whom this marvel was revealed fell even as one
dead?

Overpowered by the glory of the “mighty angel,” the aged saint would
have knelt to worship him. So great was John’s reverence for his Maker,
that he felt constrained to render homage to his ambassador also. But
the angel said, “See thou do it not, for I am thy fellow-servant, and of
thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this
book—_worship God_!”

History says that “After Dominitian had reigned fifteen years, and Nerva
succeeded to the government, the Roman Senate decreed that the orders of
Dominitian should be revoked, and that those who had been unjustly
expelled should return to their homes, and have their goods restored.”
And among those banished men then recalled was St. John, who, with great
joy, returned again to Ephesus, bearing with him a scroll, that was to
him more precious than was in the eyes of Nerva the crown and the throne
which had fallen to him.

It is estimated that the Revelator was at this time ninety-seven years
old; but even then—and it is a fact on which the laggard may well
ponder—even then, though infirm, and struggling with the weariness of
years, gladly and zealously (as though he had but just received his
commission to labor,) did he set out on the homeward journey.

He was returning to his churches and his people; should he find them
faithful still, or would they all be gone astray? Would they receive him
as a friend who had taught them truths most blessed and welcome, or
would they meet him with cold words and scornful looks, and despitefully
treat him, as though they were ashamed to have been once beguiled by
what they now believed to be a foolish, senseless humbug?

Once more among that people, the doubts and misgivings which probably so
troubled the aged preacher on his homeward journey, were happily all put
to flight. The good work had gone forward, the prayers of repentance
were not hushed; the songs of praise which burst from the redeemed on
earth, so far from dying utterly away into a mournful silence, had
gathered strength and caught the tone of triumph! the voices of the
“ministers of grace” were still adjuring sinners by the love of God to
put away the thoughts and deeds of unbelief; the tears of men subdued by
the striving spirit were falling yet.

It was after his return to the field of his labor at Ephesus, as is
supposed, that John wrote his gospel, or a great portion of it, together
with the Epistles addressed to his brethren.

Even when the day of his death drew near, and the weakness of the
time-worn body prevented his moving among them, even then his spirit
labored, and they who so loved and reverenced him, feeling that when he
was among them their prayers would prove more “articulate in the ear of
heaven,” would bear him in their arms to the place of worship, that his
so dear, but feeble and faltering voice, might be yet once more heard
teaching them with words of inspiration.

Well might they love him who had spent himself in their service; well
might they venerate the aged preacher, and treasure up his mild and
peaceful words in their hearts; well might they give heed to the dying
entreaties of the saint, “Little children, keep yourselves from idols,”
and “love one another.”

In his one hundredth year the faithful missionary died, breathing his
last amongst the grateful people for whom he had so successfully
labored, and making them, and all the world, heirs of a treasure of
blessed example, by which whosoever shall be led, will not _need_ to go
through life,

                      “Forever sighing
        For the far-off, unattained, and dim!”

because, in that case, Love, the first-born of the Father, will have
entered the heart, and in the brightness of her smile fruits will ripen,
which will certainly prove other, far other than the poor “apples of
Sodom.”

Is it a vain thing to urge upon the reader a careful examination of his
character, the scenes of whose life we have now so rapidly glanced over?

Is there, my beloved, no reason why we should turn our eyes to the
distant Past for lessons of wisdom, because the brightest sunlight
streams around us now?

Ah! whence come all these rumors of wars—these unlawful strivings after
power—these convulsions of governments—this inordinate seeking after
riches? Why art thou, oh earth, so disquieted within thee, when so many
centuries ago angels came unto thee, singing “_peace_ upon the earth?”
The Prince of Peace has lived and died, and now reigneth forevermore in
glory; the Prophets are also dead; and the Apostles—what, _are_ they
dead to us? Not so! they are “alive unto God!” and behold what they have
left to us in this world! A treasure-house, where are garnered riches
they have bequeathed to all posterity, which are vast enough to ransom
an enslaved world!

Within those jeweled gates, glistening and glowing in the light of the
Father’s smile, we may enter, we may take to ourselves what shining gems
we will, for, enriched as we shall be, the treasury will not be
impoverished—the riches there are exhaustless as is the compassion of
God.

Then why is it that we consume our years, our hopeful youth, our
powerful manhood, our perfected age, in a search that never yet, in any
case, has proved successful; hunting forever amid the sandy wastes of
time for what is constantly eluding our grasp? Why is it that we seek
continually a good that never satisfies? Why is it that we are ever so
averse to entering that place which is so radiant with the purest gold
and gems magnificent?

Oh, can it be because the portal is so narrow and so low, that we must
bend to the dust if we would enter, or because our worldly garments must
be flung aside, that we may say with truth, “we are miserable, blind,
and naked?” Is it because we are required to give to the winds the dust
which we have gathered through years of wasting toil? For, bearing only
the olive branch, freed from pride, from disbelief, from ingratitude,
thus only, _thus only_, may we enter the treasury of God!

By wisdom we shall seek the entrance-gate in vain. Faith and Love alone
can guide us. Had it been possible that the world should by the light of
wisdom know God, then had the multitudes who have followed the plausible
imaginings of their own hearts never perished so miserably! the
Celestial city had at this hour been revealed for the misguided ones,
who for years sought it carefully and with tears!

Oh! let us remember that it was Love that created us; it was Love that
redeemed us! And shall we madly refuse to know aught of that Divine
effulgence—that centre of all life—that light of the world—that God?
Through the coming ages, by the light of Revelation I behold the day
when He shall come again in power and great glory, to judge the
world—and it will be in _righteousness_!

Let us not deceive ourselves! God is Love, but He is also Justice! If
one of earth is saved, it will be through His boundless mercy; if we are
lost, only upon ourselves can be laid the burden of such unaccountable
folly.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                              THE ORPHAN.


                           BY CLARA MORETON.


    “But of all the pictures, there were none as beautiful as ‘The
    Orphan,’ by an unknown artist. The expression of _utter
    loneliness_ depicted upon the serene, but pensive face, and that
    of the soft blue eyes, revealing the heart’s yearnings for the
    love it had lost, were touchingly beautiful.”—LETTER.

    I am alone! in all the world
      There’s none to care for me—
    None who would miss my sad-voiced tone
      If I should cease to be;
    I am alone! yet in my heart
      The founts of love o’erflow,
    For all the lovely things of earth—
      For all that’s bright below.

    The tree that waveth from the woods—
      The vine that clasps it round—
    The bird that buildeth there its nest—
      The wild flower on the ground—
    I love them all; they need it not,
      For they are not alone;
    They know no grief—no loneliness—
      No joys forever flown.

    The melodies of earth I love;
      The music breathing sea,
    The wild wind’s loud and clarion notes,
      The streamlet’s laughing glee.
    Strange chords within my heart are swept;
      Their echoes linger long,
    Till I forget my lonely fate,
      In gushes wild of song.

    Oh, earth is very beautiful
      In sunshine or in storm!
    I only wish I had one heart—
      One gentle loving form,
    Which in dark hours of sadness
      Would ever cling to me,
    Even as clasps the humble vine
      About the wild-wood tree.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                          THE END OF ROMANCE.


                      BY MRS. LYDIA JANE PEIRSON.


She was beautiful, and pure of heart, but from her very infancy a child
of romance. In this short sentence is included a history of suffering,
and a broken-hearted death. I will call her Grace. She was my near
relative, and I loved her very dearly, though I could not always
sympathize with her wild idealities.

Sometimes, when we went out with a merry band of our school companions,
to range the hills, or gather flowers by the river’s brink, I have
missed her from our company, and on searching around, discovered her
seated in some sheltered nook, or on some picturesque eminence, so
wrapped in contemplation, that it was with difficulty she could be
aroused from her musings. I used to fear that she was laboring in the
incipient stage of some mental disease, and to dread that she would
become crazy.

As soon as she could read, she seized with avidity upon works of
romance, and sentimental poetry, and would talk so much
transcendentalism, that I used to doubt whether she understood herself,
or knew what she was wishing to express.

Her thoughts of heaven were beautiful as angels, and quite as
untangible; and her views of life were as unreal as the view of a
landscape when it is shrouded in a silvery mist. But in her eyes every
thing was beautiful, and pure, and full of love, just as she was
herself. From the every day things of life she seemed to shrink, as from
a copse of brambles; or, if she could not escape them, she would cover
them with wreaths of artificial flowers.

It was almost amusing to hear her, as she grew toward womanhood,
expatiate on the perfect happiness of fervent and mutual affection,
friendship, she named it thus, but the friend she had not found. I might
have been the one, only I could not understand her spirit, she said, and
of a truth I could not, and I much doubted whether she understood it
herself. But I frequently assured her that she would go all her life
mourning, for that the perfection she sought did not exist on earth.

But it was really distressing to hear her talk of love; “the perfect
adaptation, the blissful union of heart and soul, the blissful blending
of the whole being, the pure, unselfish devotion; and, finally, the
happiness, the certain, the enduring, the all-pervading happiness of
mutual and successful love.” She could not see that her parents, though
affectionate and devoted, were not always happy; she could not perceive
that all the married people of her acquaintance had cause for
dissatisfaction, and were more or less unhappy.

Finally, the beautiful imagery of her pure and loving nature began to
take form, and portray itself in song. She was a true poet, for she gave
voice to the real feelings and convictions of her soul; she was a
visionary poet, for all her feelings were of romance, all her
convictions were fanciful and extravagant. But time would have made of
these a real, as well as true poet, by chastening the romance,
dispelling the visions of fancy, and sobering the young spirit with the
lessons of experience and the teachings of reality. The seclusion in
which she passed her life, while it shielded her purity from the
heartless world’s contamination, afforded every facility for the
fostering of her constitutional romance of feeling. Shut up within the
little circle of her kindred and early friends, she knew nothing of the
deceit, the fickleness and selfishness of the human race; and her
opinions, formed from high colored novels, were all extravagant and
unreal.

Have you ever seen a country Miss appear in a city, dressed and adorned,
according to the pattern of the last fashion plate of the city magazine,
and presenting a perfect burlesque upon the real fashion of the day?
Just in this way was the mind of poor Grace furnished after the
exaggerated patterns of the heroines of romance. Well, her “destiny”
came at last. Her father was a noted member of one of our innumerable
Christian denominations, and his house was a resort of all the traveling
preachers of that particular sect. Grace believed them all to be, as
indeed they ought to have been, holy and sincere men, and delighted to
sit at their feet, as Mary of old sat, at the feet of Him whom they
called Master. Finally, a young and handsome man appeared amongst the
preachers. Gifted with an abundance of self-esteem, confidence in his
own merits, and considerable oratorical talent, Mr. Blane was creating a
great excitement wherever he went. He was precisely the man to take
captive such a woman as poor Grace. And she did worship him, trembling
upon his words, and living upon his smile. And he paid her every
flattering attention, induced her to read for him, and went into rapture
with the magnificence of her selections, and the pathos and justness of
her delivery. He praised her own poetic effusions with expressions of
ardent delight; and gave admiring assent to all her romantic dreams of
life, death, and heaven.

And she had found the brother of her soul, the kindred spirit after whom
she had been yearning ever. In this vision of bliss two whole years
rolled away; and then this same perfect Mr. Blane—this idol of her
soul—this sun of her existence—this cynosure of all her hopes, aims
and aspirations—sat calmly down beside her, and told that before he had
seen her, he had plighted his faith to one less excellent, less
beautiful than herself, but nevertheless pious, gentle, and pure. That
the time had arrived when his vows must be redeemed; but knowing the
ethereal loveliness of her nature, that it could harbor no earthly
passions, he felt confident his marriage would occasion no jealousy in
her angelic soul; and that though another must be his wife—she must
remain his familiar spirit; and he hoped the dear communion which had
been theirs so long, might continue uninterrupted through life, and
through eternity.

And so her heart was broken. She saw life a blank, and death the only
refuge from her agony, and in the romance of her broken hopes, she
resolved to die—not by any self violence, but by the cankering
broodings of a wounded spirit. She contemned all the precious things
that God had given her, because the idol that her fancy had made,
crumbled down to common dust. She counted as naught the strong, pure
love of her parents, her bright-eyed brothers, and gentle sisters; she
turned away from the consolations of long-tried and fervent friendship,
and wept away her hours in her solitary chamber—wandered alone, by
woodland and mountain, or sat in the dewy twilight upon the river bank.
Is it strange that consumption found her, that she faded away from the
tree of life, and with beautiful visions of heavenly beatitude, went
down to the silent house of death?—leaving hearts reft and bleeding,
duties unfulfilled, her place on earth vacant, and the honor which she
owed to God unpaid, and unredeemable. This was the end of Romance—which
is always a beautiful parasite, displaying its tender foliage and
fragile blossoms, at the expense of the soul in which its insidious
roots find nurture, weighing it down with an unprofitable burden,
concealing its symmetry and natural excellence, and wasting out the very
sap of its life.

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration]

                 *        *        *        *        *



                   COLORED BIRDS.—THE GOLDEN ORIOLE.


                            FROM BECHSTEIN.


                            [SEE ENGRAVING.]

This species, the male of which is very beautiful, is about the size of
a blackbird. Its length is nine inches, of which the tail measures three
and a half, and the beak one. The head, neck, back, breast, sides, and
lesser wing-coverts, are of a brilliant golden yellow; the wings and the
tail are black, with yellow gradually increasing to the outer feathers.

The female is not so brilliant, the golden yellow is only visible at the
tip of the olive feathers in the tail, and in the lesser and under
wing-coverts. All the upper part of the body is of the green color of
the siskin, the lower part greenish white with brown streaks, and the
wings gray black.

HABITATION.—When wild, it generally frequents lonely groves, or the
skirts of forests, always keeping among the most bushy trees, so that it
is rarely seen on a naked branch; it always frequents orchards during
the time of cherries. It is a bird of passage, departing in families in
August, and not returning till the following May.[2]

In the house, if it cannot be let range at pleasure, it must be confined
in a large wire cage.

FOOD.—When wild, its food is insects and berries. In confinement, and
if an old one be caught by means of the owl, like the jays, it must be
kept at first in a quiet and retired place, offering it fresh cherries,
then adding by degrees ants’ eggs, and white bread soaked in milk, or
the nightingale’s food. But I confess there is great difficulty in
keeping it alive, for with every attention and the greatest care, I do
not know a single instance of one of this species having been preserved
for more than three or four months.

BREEDING.—The scarcity of the golden oriole arises from its breeding
but once a year. Its nest, hung with great art in the fork of a small
bushy branch, is in shape like a purse, or a basket with two handles.
The female lays four or five white eggs, marked with a few black streaks
and spots. Before the first moulting, the young ones are like their
mother, and mew like cats. If any one wishes to rear them, they must be
taken early from the nest; fed on ants’ eggs, chopped meat and white
bread soaked in milk, varying these things as their health requires, and
as their excrements are too frequent or too soft. In short, they may be
accustomed to the nightingale’s food. I must here remark that a very
attentive person alone can hope to succeed.[3]

ATTRACTIVE QUALITIES.—I have seen two golden orioles that were reared
from the nest, one of which, independent of the natural song, whistled a
minuet, and the other imitated a flourish of trumpets. Its full and
flute-like tones appeared to me extremely pleasing. Unfortunately, the
fine colors of its plumage were tarnished, which almost always happens,
above all if the bird be kept in a room filled with smoke, either from
the stove or from tobacco. One of my neighbors saw two golden orioles at
Berlin, both of which whistled different airs.

Its note of call, which in the month of June so well distinguishes the
golden oriole from other birds, may be well expressed by “ye, puhlo.”[4]

-----

[2] It is rarely found in Britain.—_Translator._

[3] These young birds like to wash; but it is dangerous for them to have
the water too cold, or to let them remain too long in it, as cramp in
the feet may be the consequence. In one which we possessed, the accident
was more vexatious as the bird was otherwise in good health, having
followed the above-mentioned diet.—_Translator._

[4] The natural song is very like the awkward attempts of a country boy
with a bad musical ear, to whistle the notes of the missel
thrush.—_Translator._

                 *        *        *        *        *



                           LEAVES IN OCTOBER.


                           BY EMILY HERRMANN.


    The forest leaves are falling
      Throughout the quiet day,
    And dreamy haze is shutting
      The outer world away;

    They move along the sunlight,
      Upon their shining cars,
    With golden edges burning,
      Like lines of midnight stars.

    Slowly and silently, falling,
      Dreamily floating by,
    Down on mosaic mosses
      Their purple vestures lie.

    Move they in stately sorrow,
      Out from their palace-home,
    Where they reveled, alike in star-light
      And when the day had come?

    Sink they, in sad bereavement,
      Along Despair’s dim shore,
    Because to their sheltering shadow,
      The young birds come no more?

    The sunshine and the starshine,
      Will seek their summer homes
    Full oft, in pleasant weather,
      And find them in their tombs.

    The little birds will seek their
      Well-remembered shadow,
    And build their nests above them,
      In the meshes of the meadow.

    Like travelers benighted,
      Where heaping snow-drifts lie,
    They’ll wither all the winter
      Beneath the open sky.

    Like fated generations
      They vanish, in a light
    That flings a treacherous beauty
      Above its deadly blight.

    Like altars, strangely lighted,
      That burn in human souls,
    They shed their sparkling showers
      Before the blackening scrolls.

    As roses we have tended,
      Though fainting in the noon,
    Still kept a pleasant fragrance
      Until the eves of June.

    Our forest, from the summer,
      Is fading in the frost,
    And the glories of his dying
      Are more than she could boast.

    Here in their mottled shadows,
      With bended heart and knees,
    Sweet thought comes to my spirit
      From out the aged trees.

    It seems, when flesh is failing,
      And Life folds up her wing,
    That soonest, in these crimson tents,
      We’d hear the angels sing!

    And many a bright and tangled thread,
      Here Fancy ever weaves,
    And Faith lifts up her trustful eyes
      Above the falling leaves;

    She knows that, to her native hills
      No blight can ever come,
    That trees, with leaves of healing, rise
      Forever round her home!

                 *        *        *        *        *



                          THE EMIGRANT CHILD.


    Small, yellow leaves, from locust boughs,
      Sprinkle the deep green grass,
    Where drowsy herds, on a zigzag path,
      To bubbling streamlets pass.

    The earliest lamps of fire-flies
      Grow dim with the rose of June,
    Now droning pipes, of the insect tribe,
      Practice an autumn tune.

    The clover-blooms, ’mid scented grass,
      Await the dews of night,
    The western pane, through clustering vines,
      Shines in the evening light.

    Yet why so light the hurrying tread
      Across yon entrance hall?
    And why no more on the garden walk,
      Do children’s shadows fall?

    The little stranger’s fevered lips,
      Like sound of struggling rills,
    Murmur of far, familiar things,
      Among his native hills.

    His words go out on evening airs,
      Where glancing leaves are still,
    And sadly tones of a foreign land
      In the pleasant homestead thrill:

    “Weep not, dear mother! think how great
      With Jesus Christ the joy.”
    Thus, ’mid our changing forest, lies
      The little German boy.
                                        E. H.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                         WILD-BIRDS OF AMERICA.


                          BY PROFESSOR FROST.


[Illustration]


                              THE PELICAN.

The Pelican, (_Pelecanus Onocrotalus_) says Nuttall, the largest of
web-footed water fowl, known from the earliest times, has long held a
fabulous celebrity for a maternal tenderness that went so far as to give
nourishment to its brood at the expense of its own blood. Its industry
and success as a fisher, at this time, allows of a more natural and
grateful aliment for its young, and pressing the well-stored pouch to
its breast, it regurgitates the contents before them, without staining
its immaculate robe with a wound.

In America, pelicans are found in the North Pacific, on the coasts of
California and New Albion; and from the Antilles and Terra Firma, the
Isthmus of Panama and the Bay of Campeachy, as far as Louisiana and
Missouri. They are very rarely seen along the coast of the Atlantic, but
stragglers have been killed in the Delaware, and they are known to breed
in Florida. In all the far countries, they are met with up to the 61st
parallel of northern latitude. Indeed, in these remote and desolate
regions they are numerous, but seem to have no predilection for the sea
coast, seldom coming within two hundred miles of Hudson’s Bay. They
there, according to Richardson, deposit their eggs usually on small
rocky islands, on the banks of cascades, where they can scarcely be
approached, but still are by no means shy. They live together, generally
in flocks of from six to fourteen, and fly low and heavily, sometimes
abreast, at others in an oblique line; and they are often seen to pass
over a building, or within a few yards of a party of men, without
exhibiting any signs of fear. For the purpose of surprising their prey,
they haunt eddies near water-falls, and devour great quantities of carp
and other fish. They can only swallow, apparently, when opening the
mouth sideways, and sometimes upward, like the shark. When gorged with
food, they doze on the water, or on some sand shoal projecting into or
surrounded by it, where they remain a great part of their time in
gluttonous inactivity, digesting their over-gorged meal. At such times
they may be easily captured, as they have then great difficulty in
starting to flight, particularly when the pouch is loaded with fish.
Though they can probably perch on trees, which I have never seen them
attempt, they are generally on wing, on the ground, or in their favorite
retreat.

In the old continent, the pelican is said to rest on the ground in an
excavation near to the water, laying two or three, and rarely four eggs,
which are pure white, and of nearly equal thickness at both ends. Their
nesting in deserts remote from water, and the story of the parents
bringing water for their young in the pouch, in such quantities as to
afford drink for camels and wild beasts, appears only one of those
extravagant fictions, or tales of travelers, invented to gratify the
love of the marvelous. Yet so general is the belief in the truth of this
improbable relation, that the Egyptians style it the camel of the river,
and the Persians _Tacab_, or the water-carrier. The pouch of the pelican
is, however, very capacious, and besides drowning all attempts at
distinct voice, it gives a most uncouth, unwieldy, and grotesque figure
to the bird with which it is associated. The French very justly
nick-name them _grand gosiers_, or great throats; and as this monstrous
enlargement of the gullet is capable of holding a dozen quarts of water,
an idea may be formed of the quantity of fish it can scoop, when let
loose among a shoal of pilchards or other fish, which they can pursue in
the course of their migrations.

[Illustration: [Phaleris psittacula.]]


              THE PERROQUET AUK. (_Phaleris Psittacula._)

One more specimen, and we have done with the whole family of the
_Alcasæ_; nor will we detain the reader long with its description. It is
the Perroquet Auk, of the sub-genus _Phaleris_, an inhabitant of the
dreary region of Bhering’s Strait, where multitudes of them may be
found. They are excellent divers and swimmers; but if we may believe the
sailors’ stories, not remarkably intelligent as to “trap,” since, when
the Indians place a dress with large sleeves near their burrows, they
mistake the said sleeves for their own proper habitations, creep in and
are taken. They resemble the other Auks in laying but one egg, which is
about the size of a hen’s, with brown spots on a whitish or yellowish
ground. The Perroquet Auk is eleven inches in length. It has a tuft of
white feathers extending back from the eye. The head, neck, and upper
plumage are black, shading into ash on the breast, under parts white,
legs yellowish. In the old bird the bill is red, while the young one has
it of a yellowish or dusky color.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                     LAMENT OF THE HUNGARIAN FATHER


                       OVER THE BODY OF HIS SON.


    I may not weep for thee my boy, though thou art cold and still,
    And never more thy gladdening tones this aged heart will fill;
    For glorious was the fate of those who fell with thee that day,
    When from thy bleeding country passed, all help, all hope away.

    Thy spirit cannot wear the chain that those who live must wear,
    Nor hear the sigh of them who breathe the dungeon’s noisome air,
    Nor shudder at the orphan’s wail, whose mother is a slave,
    Nor see her wo, whose only prayer is for the peaceful grave.

    Yet hear me, spirit of my boy!—the grief that sheds no tear,
    The gaping wounds of thy poor clay, call thee, this vow to hear:
    That when from friends and country driven, my spell word still shall
      be,
    Hatred of those who made thee thus, hatred of tyranny.

    And oh! if e’er a day will come, when roused to hope
    Our scattered bands will close once more in battle on this plain,
    Thy name, through all the swaying ranks, heard echoing o’er the fray,
    Will fire anew each patriot heart to win a glorious day.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                           THE PHANTOM VOICE.


                        BY SARAH HELEN WHITMAN.


           “A low bewildering melody is murmuring in my ear.”
                                   “_It is a phantom voice_:
           Again!—again! how solemnly it falls
           Into my heart of hearts!” SCENES FROM “POLITION.”

    Through the solemn hush of midnight,
      How sadly on my ear
    Falls the echo of a harp whose tones
      I never more may hear!

    A wild, unearthly melody,
      Whose monotone doth move,
    The saddest, sweetest cadences
      Of sorrow and of love.

    Till the burden of remembrance weighs
      Like lead upon my heart,
    And the shadow on my soul that sleeps
      Will never more depart.

    The ghastly moonlight gliding,
      Like a phantom through the gloom,
    How it fills with solemn fantasies
      My solitary room!

    And the sighing winds of Autumn,
      Ah! how sadly they repeat
    That low, bewildering melody,
      So mystically sweet!

    I hear it softly murmuring
     At midnight on the hill,
    Or across the wide savannas,
      When all beside is still.

    I hear it in the moaning
      Of the melancholy main—
    In the rushing of the night-wind—
      The “rhythm of the rain.”

    E’en the wild-flowers of the forest,
      Waving sadly to and fro,
    But whisper to my boding heart,
      The burden of its wo.

    And the spectral moon, (now paling
      And fading) seems to say—
    “I leave thee to remembrances
      That will not pass away.”

    Ah, through all the solemn midnight,
      How mournful ’tis to hark
    To the voices of the silence—
      The whisper of the dark!

    In vain I turn some solace
      From the constant stars to crave:—
    They are shining on thy sepulchre,
      Are smiling on thy grave.

    How I weary of their splendor!
      All night long they seem to say,
    “We are lonely—sad and lonely—
      Far away—far, far away!”

    Thus through all the solemn midnight,
      That phantom voice I hear,
    As it echoes through the silence
      When no earthly sound is near.

    And though dawn-light yields to noon-light,
      And though darkness turns to day,
    They but leave me to remembrances,
      That will not pass away.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                                STANZAS.


                               BY NINON.


    When he who has trod o’er a desert of sand,
      In the sun’s scorching fervor all fiercely that glows,
    Sees far in the distance some fair fertile land,
      As if ’twere an island of Eden that rose.

    Where fountains all sparkling invite him to stay,
      And quaff the bright waters that plenteously spring;
    Oh, how he exalts in the breeze’s wild play,
      That bears the pure spirit of health on its wings.

    The blast of the desert unheeded sweeps by,
      No terrors it bears to yon palm-sheltered isle;
    And though fiercely the sun may look down from on high,
      In its cool shady bowers he seems but to smile.

    The balm-breathing dews on his canopy fall,
      All sparkling as beauty’s celestial tear;
    The bright dreams of Fancy his spirit enthrall,
      And Araby’s visions are realized here.

    ’Tis morn, and the slumbers that wrapt him are fled,
      His path o’er the desert once more he must find;
    But when will a canopy o’er him be spread,
      Like the desert-girt Eden he’s leaving behind.

    Oh, thus in this wide waste of life do we grieve,
      When the spirits we meet with congenial and kind,
    Urged on by the stern hand of destiny, leave
      The hearts that had loved them in sorrow behind.

    The wound may be healed and the pain be allayed,
      And spirits as fair may our pathway illume;
    But ne’er in such splendor by Fancy arrayed,
      As they whom we met in affection’s first bloom.

    Oh, change not too lightly the home of the heart,
      Nor rashly the bonds of affection untwine,
    Lest the spirit of Love from thy bosom depart,
      And come not again to so worthless a shrine.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                            EDITOR’S TABLE.


MY DEAR JEREMY,—I wish you a happy New Year! and yet few of us perhaps
really know, when we receive this accustomed salute, in what particular
thing consists our happiness; or how to appropriate, or more properly to
give a designation to, the wishes of the offerer. We all of us have
something to hope for, something to strife after, in defiance of the
good that Providence has showered upon us—the vain longing, if you
please, after something the heart worships—when the heart’s worship
should be fully met—and is—at our own fire-side. The moment we shut
our door behind us in the morning, we are on the broad sea of human
hopes and fears, and looking over the wide waste of waters, fix our
minds upon a port to us desirable—having really raised anchor, and left
the only haven worth having behind us. A happy New Year, then, to you
_and yours_! God’s benison on you all! and may the shadows, which flit
between us all and heaven, rest lightly upon your roof; for in this
selfish world, we all have our eyes so much to the clouds, which rest
upon us and ours, that it is well that we should at least give once a
year, a God bless you! to our fellows—and, taking in a wider range of
humanity in our vision, smile kindly, even where the sun is darkest,
upon our brother, and _wish_—nay, is that all?—_help_ him to
_be_—happy.

To be more personal—selfish if you please—in good wishes—we of
“_Graham_” have rather a propensity to the way of happiness—for so
rich, so multitudinous, are the tokens in that way, in the shape of both
wishes and remittances, that in prospect of our turkey—we should be
worse than Turks—to be thankless. Out of the abundance of the heart,
therefore, our mouth speaketh—_a happy New Year to all of our friends!_

In my last, I chose to depart somewhat from my usual course, and instead
of writing to you of abstractions, to present to you, all and singular,
the claims of the magazines. The lofty position which I assumed for
“Graham” you will see more than verified in this number. There is such a
thing, you know, as Mahomet coming to the mountain; and even looking, as
we have, at the lofty pretensions, and somewhat boisterous boastings of
our cotemporaries, we choose, in this instance, to show them that there
is a loftier peak than that which their inflated ambition has reached.
In short, to show them that while even Homer may nod, he never proves
stupid in the midst of supremacy. Having for years stood upon the
topmost summit of American approbation, and of high success, we are
willing for a while to witness the struggles of the pigmies below; but
when their shout of triumph grows too vociferous, we feel inclined to
check the enthusiasm with a full blaze of our glory.

Behold us, then, in JANUARY; and let your tardy praise step up and do us
justice. Is it supposable, or allowable, that with the high position we
have attained, others starting from the ground—groundlings as they
are—are to split the ears of night uninterruptedly with the senseless
jargon of their own praise? When all around us, above and below, we hear
the united voices of men, loud, uninterrupted, unanimous in our behalf,
shouting out and proclaiming the treason and the folly.

Why, my dear Jeremy, what are the paid puffs—what the puffs solicited
by printed circulars—and self-praise thrust upon the timid, to
us?—when every mail from old post-towns, and old friends, and from new,
brings renewed and additional pledges of the fast hold that “Graham” and
his friends have upon each other. Why, in other words, should we fear
the vain-glorious boasts that ring in the ears only of the dupes who are
deceived by appearances? And if we arouse once in a while, and show our
strength, it is but as the lion, to shake the flies from his sides, and
to take his own repose securely in defiance.

Look at the present number with which we start the volume for the new
year; has not every thing that the artistic skill of engravers could
attain—all that the best pens of the country could accomplish, been
done for “Graham?” We venture to say that no periodical, that is issued
from the press for this month—for any month—will at all approach it in
the real beauty and general excellence of its appointments. It is a gem!
and a gem far above the ordinary taste of our imitators. Look, if you
please, at the skill of Mr. Tucker, as evinced in the leading
embellishment (both in design and execution!)—how far is it not above
all that is presented elsewhere? Look again at the fine skill evinced in
all the engravings of the number! at the exquisite coloring and the
beauty of our Fashion-plate and Birds! and tell me, honestly, is there
any thing in the tawdry and gaudy coloring of our contemporaries to be
spoken of in comparison?

The year that has just closed, although one of great competition, has
proven the hold that a long and uniform management of this Magazine has
given it upon the American readers. It has not been, nor will ever be,
conducted with a fit and flash policy—one year bad, the next good;
alternating by neglect or caprice—_but ever the same, through all its
years_, a dignified, sterling, illustrated work, worthy at all times,
and in every number, of marked approval and regard.

The truth—or the wisdom—of our course, has been made manifest to us,
during the past ten years, by the steady increase and permanent position
of Graham’s Magazine; while its would-be rivals are fluctuating between
small and large editions, or are dying out around it. We may safely say
that we have never yet _felt_ that this Magazine has had a _rival_ in
the line it has marked out. Others differ from it in the flippancy of
their tone and flimsiness of material or character, or are as solemn as
a death’s bell, while the engravings which adorn them are as out of
place as flowers over the head of the dead.

Graham’s has always—so says public approval—hit the happy medium
between lightness and the more solid and useful; and keeping always in
mind the importance of a national tone, has touched the right chord in
the temper of the nation, and established itself as the most
popular American Magazine of the graceful and elegant class to
which it gives tone, and which it has thus far sustained.

Our past year has been one of most unexampled success—yet we have made
no boisterous announcements of it—for success with us is no novelty.
Our readers must pardon us if we do not grow frantic upon the accession
of a few thousand new subscribers, for the novelty of the feeling has
been worn off by the constant and continued inducement to its exercise:
it has become a matter of course, because _we do our duty by our readers
always_—and on the constantly increasing reading population of this
country, our drafts on at least one-third of them, are regularly honored
with each recurring year.

But for the year 1850, we have consummated such arrangements with
artists and writers, that we really feel not only proud, but inclined to
boast in anticipation, and as a great deal will be said by others as to
the splendor of their _intentions_ toward their readers, _we hereby
throw down the challenge and ask them to equal Graham’s Magazine_, in
the elegance of its engravings, the high character of its literary
matter, the extreme beauty of its fashions, and the high finish of the
novelties in the way of decorations, which Mr. Tucker is getting up for
us in Europe—if they can. They are forewarned—yet they will be
shamefully distanced!

You will pardon me, my dear Jeremy, for this seeming egotism, but
really, there has been so much disposition shown to set up an overawing
shout over “Graham,” by those who should know better, that I have felt
it worth while to say EXCELSIOR! over this number, if only to stop the
mouths of the deceived and the envious. Hereafter, let no enthusiastic
recipient of a thousand subscriptions set up his shout of defiance, for
we dislike to bear down ALL opposition.

There is, Jeremy, a vast deal of angling with magazines at this season,
and the baits thrown out are of every imaginable kind—and so that the
poor fish is hooked, no matter how, he is remorselessly placed in the
basket, and the exploit considered dexterous. The false flies upon the
waters are numerous, and very prettily do they look too, and yet it does
not strike the anglers, that he is a silly fish who dashes more than
once at a bait through which he has been wounded. To be explicit—does
any man suppose that thousands of people—silly as we all are—can all
be gulled a second time? Or to be _more_ explicit and distinct—that in
a _true_ magazine, something more is not wanted than flashy engravings,
prosy sermons, and monthly vain boasting. There _is_ such a thing as a
_literary Magazine of high merit_—and is there not such a thing as
fishing with a pin-hook for people who understand what such a Magazine
is? What think you?

I was looking over, the other evening, a series of prints in the
possession of a friend, and was much struck with one—which I may yet
give to you—in which _angling was reversed_, and putting the rod in the
hands of the finny tribe, they were busily engaged—as _fishers of
men_—in presenting to tempting appetites, sundry bottles of champagne
and choice liquors—baits in the shape of gold, and offices of
preferment with packets variously endorsed, and trinkets and epaulets to
those who might fancy tinsel and glory. It was amusing to see the
humans, with what avidity they bit, and how seriously they were bitten.
How those rose to the fly who loved a glass—how the miser swallowed the
barbed hook, gilt plated—how the aspirant for office dabbled in dirty
waters and bedaubed himself for the sake of the seal of appointment—how
the lovers of the dazzling and the lovers of glory, crowded to
destruction together.

You have a taste for the sport that tickled the fancy of good Izak
Walton, I believe, and with your adroit fly have thrown your trout
remorselessly and dexterously on the land, and while he panted and
flapped himself as a sturdy opponent of non-resistance, have smiled at
his efforts with a self-complacency quite refreshing and heroic—with a
consciousness of superiority that would have been any thing but
gratifying if your victim could have appreciated it. He was the slave of
his appetite, and that was his ruin; or if you please, his ambition to
rise at a shining mark, was the death of him. The trout has often
verified the poet’s line. We are apt to think meanly of the fish for his
silly voracity, and yet if the tables were turned, and the scaly tribes
were the anglers, they might present baits as tempting and as worthless,
in the waters in which we dabble, and chuckle in their sage philosophy
with as ripe a reason as we do now. The artist has presented them as
fishers of men, and has hit the conceit exactly.

Let us throw the line, nicely baited with gold, among the strictest of
the Pharisees, who for a pretence make long prayers, and who hold up
their phylacteries proudly, even in the humble courts of the temple.
What a flutter and a rustling of garments do we not hear, as the whole
tribe, rushing over laws that the Christian loves, dash with hands
clutching at the bait, even under the very horns of the altar. Do the
eager eyes and panting hearts of that avaricious crowd give token of the
soul sanctified and subdued—lost to all self—dead to all covetousness;
or does the avidity of the chase, or the reckless thrusting aside of
brother, give the looker-on an intimation that the divine law of loving
one’s brother has ever regulated the dwellers in the muddy waters in
which this bait is thrown?

In yonder foaming, flashing stream, where the waves are lashed into
sparkles, and the vast human crowd disports itself, all eager after the
glittering baits which are flung skillfully upon the waters by the
angler Fate; what a ravenous rush and endless jostle, for the particular
bait that attracts each taste do we see. How temptingly—how alluringly
does the fly float upon the water to each eye that it is designed to
attract—how tame, how dead, how utterly unworthy of notice to all
others. The barbed hook carefully concealed, lifts each eager victim
from enjoyment to misery—yet each with his own eye steadily watching
the fatal bait, thinks himself wiser than his fellows, and dashes at
last upon his fate, with a triumphant consciousness of a superiority
above his kind.

Yet every eddy, and every nook in the broad stream in which we float,
has its bait floating upon the waters—how happy he, who with the fate
of his comrades before him, will take warning and be wise.

                                                             G. R. G.

                 *        *        *        *        *

GEMS FROM MOORE’S MELODIES.—Among the novelties and attractions for our
present volume, will be a series of illustrations of Moore’s Irish
Melodies. We present the first in this number, and will give one in each
succeeding number throughout the year. They will all be in the same
exquisite style with that now presented to our subscribers, and cannot
fail in producing real pleasure to every one who can appreciate what is
truly beautiful. “The Meeting of the Waters,” will be followed by “The
Last Rose of Summer.”

                 *        *        *        *        *

PREMIUM PLATES.—Owing to unavoidable circumstances, our artists have
not been able to complete, so as to enable us to distribute, some of the
beautiful Prints designed as Premiums to subscribers to this Magazine.
They will soon, however, be ready to forward, and subscribers may rely
with confidence on having them transmitted agreeably to order.

                 *        *        *        *        *

We have the pleasure of informing our readers that with the January
number we commence our “Monumental Series,” or the lives of the Generals
of the Revolution who were killed at the very commencement of the
struggle, and to whom Congress appropriated sums of money for the
erection of a monument to each, but which with the exception of
Montgomery has never been carried into effect. Each memoir will be
accompanied by a splendid steel engraving from an original portrait
engraved expressly for our Magazine.

                 *        *        *        *        *



                          REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS


    _Discourses on the Christian Spirit and Life. By C. A. Bartol,
    Junior Minister of the West Church, Boston. Boston: Crosby &
    Nichols. 1 vol. 12mo._

It is not customary with us to notice sermons, but the present volume is
so much superior in thought and composition to the generality of new
books, that its literary merits would alone give it prominence among the
publications of the day. It contains thirty discourses on as many
different subjects, all of which indicate a reach and profundity of
thought, a wealth of imagination, and a power and beauty of style, which
entitle them to be considered positive contributions to American
literature. The leading peculiarity of the author is the combination in
his mind of singular distinctness with singular spirituality of thought.
In contemplating a spiritual truth, his understanding, sensibility and
imagination act in fine harmony, presenting the thing in its dimensions,
its relations, and its life; and so rich and free is the expression that
the truth seems to gush out of his mind, in all the warmth and clearness
with which it is conceived, without any impediments coming from a lack
of appropriate words or images. There is nothing hackneyed either in the
method or the style of the sermons, but every thing has an air of
originality and freshness indicating a vision and a feeling of the
objects before his mind, and an avoidance of hear-says and thoughts at
second hand. The volume is full of fine passages which admit of
quotation, and we might extract many illustrative of the author’s powers
of statement, description, reasoning, and piercing spiritual insight,
but our limits will not permit. Among the best discourses in the volume
are those entitled, “Business and Religion,” “Forbearance,” “The
Spiritual Mind,” “Death is Yours,” “Belshazzar’s Feast,” “Nature,
Conscience and Revelation,” and “Eternal Life.”

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Clarence, or a Tale of our Own Times. By the Author of “Hope
    Leslie,” &c. Author’s Revised Edition. New York: Geo. P. Putnam.
    1 vol. 12mo._

This handsome volume is the first of a new edition of Miss Sedgwick’s
complete works. It contains a portrait of the authoress, an engraved
title page, and its general execution is excellent. The novel of
Clarence was originally published in 1829, and we preserve a pleasant
impression of its interest and beauty. Miss Sedgwick’s writings are
especially characterized by the sentiment of humanity, which pervades
equally her narratives and reflections; and one always rises from her
books refreshed in spirit. Her powers, also, of observation, meditation
and imagination, place her among the most intellectual and accomplished
women of the age.

We cannot resist availing ourselves of this occasion to refer to Mr.
Putnam’s judgment and generosity in his selection and publication of
American books. He comes as near the ideal of a model publisher as any
living bookseller, combining, as he does, a real enthusiasm for
literature, and a patriotic feeling in regard to American letters.
Though he has been in business on his own account but about two years,
his list already shows a goodly number of valuable publications, among
which are many of the best works ever produced by native authors, and
his taste in respect to all that constitutes the mechanical elegance of
books has a certainty not common in his profession.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _The Living Authors of England. By Thomas Powell. New York: D.
    Appleton & Co. 1 vol. 12mo._

There is much in this volume to please and to offend every
discriminating reader. The author is a man of fine talent, whose
versions of Chaucer, not to speak of his original poems, are sufficient
to indicate his ability for genial and graceful composition. But the
present volume bears marks of haste and carelessness both as regards
style and opinions, presents a medley of original and striking with
flippant and unjust remarks, and in some instances passes the bounds of
propriety. Mr. Powell knows personally many of the authors he
delineates, and a few of the sketches indicate a disposition to avenge
personal affronts. The notices of Talfourd, Moxon and Dickens, appear to
us to have flowed from the author’s spleen more than from his heart or
brain. The insults to Washington Irving are gross and unpardonable,
having no reason in any evidence presented or withheld. We have read
Foster’s Life of Goldsmith as well as Irving’s, and the books are so
dissimilar that it is ridiculous to bring a charge of plagiarism against
the latter because both employed the same materials. If Irving is to be
sacrificed, we trust it will not be to John Foster—a man who, whatever
may be his talents and accomplishments, has not a tittle of Irving’s
beautiful genius.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Poems by Amelia (Mrs. Welby of Kentucky.) A New and Enlarged
    Edition. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1 vol. 8vo._

This splendid volume is illustrated with seven highly finished
engravings, after designs by Weir, and in point of mechanical execution
is very nearly equal to the same publishers’ exquisite edition of
Halleck. “Amelia’s” poems have passed within a comparatively short
period through seven editions, and they have therefore fairly earned
their right to a handsome volume like the present. It is hardly possible
to glance upon a page of Mrs. Welby’s book without having an affection
for the authoress, and without sympathizing in her success. Envy and
spite cannot touch her. The fine feminine tenderness, the graceful and
affluent fancy, the mellowness and melody of diction, and the innocence
and purity of sentiment, which are so characteristic of almost every
poem in the volume, overcome the resistance equally of reader and
critic. It may be generally said of her poetry that her nature is finer
than her intellect. There is too much impassioned expansiveness in her
pieces to produce those striking effects which come from stern, brief,
tingling expression, in which imagination appears as a condensing as
well as shaping power.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Redburn: His first Voyage. Being the Sailor-Boy Confessions and
    Reminiscences of the Son-of-a-Gentleman, in the Merchant
    Service. By Herman Melville, Author of Types, &c. New York:
    Harper & Brothers. 1 vol. 12mo._

Mr. Melville has been called the “De Foe of the Ocean,” and we can
hardly conceive of a compliment more flattering, and, on the whole, more
appropriate. He has De Foe’s power of realizing the details of a scene
to his own imagination, and of impressing them on the imaginations of
others, but he has also a bit of deviltry in him which we do not observe
in De Foe, however much raciness it may lend to Melville. The present
work, though it hardly has the intellectual merit of “Mardi,” is less
adventurous in style, and more interesting. It can be read through at
one sitting, with continued delight, and we see no reason why it should
not be one of the most popular of all the books relating to the romance
of the sea. The fact that it narrates the adventures of a “green hand,”
will make it invaluable to a large class of youthful sailors. The style
sparkles with wit and fancy, but its great merit is a rapidity of
movement, which bears the reader along, almost by main force from the
commencement to the conclusion of the volume.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Orations and Occasional Discourses. By George W. Bethune, D. D.
    New York: Geo. P. Putnam. 1 vol. 12mo._

This volume contains twelve discourses, originally delivered before
Lyceums or Literary Societies, and which obtained great popularity at
the period of their delivery. They are worthy of Dr. Bethune’s
reputation as an orator and writer, being replete with eloquence,
scholarship and sound sense, and characterized by an unmistakeable
individuality and independence both of thought and expression. The
subjects are Genius, True Glory, The Uses and Abuses of Leisure, The Age
of Pericles, The Prospects of Art in the United States, The Death of
Harrison, The Eloquence of the Pulpit, The Duties of Educated Men, The
Duty of a Patriot, A Plea for Study, and The Claims of our Country upon
its Literary Men. Of these we have been particularly impressed by The
Age of Pericles, and the Oration last named. The latter was delivered
before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Cambridge, and was celebrated at
the time for the splendor of its rhetoric and the raciness of its wit.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Glimpses of Spain; or Notes of an Unfinished Tour in 1847. By
    S. T. Wallis. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1 vol. 12mo._

Mr. Wallis evinces many of the characteristics of a good tourist, and is
especially felicitous in understanding both the curiosity and the
ignorance of his readers. He has accordingly produced an interesting
volume, full of information very pleasingly conveyed, and leaving on the
reader’s mind a regret that circumstances should have cut short his
tour. To politicians, who think their names are known wherever the sun
shines, there is one little paragraph in his book which must leave a
saddening impression. We quote it for the benefit of our readers: “In
the _Diorio_ [of Seville] of May 14, 1847, an article speculating upon
the probable election of General Taylor to the Presidency of the United
States, was wound up by the following suggestion:—‘It is to be borne in
mind that _Generals Fackson and Flamilton_ owed their election to the
Presidency to their military reputation!’”

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _The Old World: or Scenes and Cities in Foreign Lands. By
    William Farniss. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1 vol. 12mo._

This is a pleasant volume, going over a wide field of observation, and
conveying much information not generally known. In the present rage for
voyages and travels it will doubtless find many readers. It appears to
us, however, that our American publishers are altogether too fertile in
their issues of works of this kind. Few have any positive literary
merit, and hardly one in a hundred is an addition to the literature of
the country.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Frontenac; or the Atotarha of the Iroquois. A Metrical Romance.
    New York: Baker & Scribner. 1 vol. 12mo._

Mr. Street is not exceeded, if equaled, by any American poet, in the
accuracy with which he observes nature, and the clearness with which he
paints a scene upon the imagination with the colors of verse. If his
vision of the internal life of natural objects was as quick and sure as
his perception of their external forms, few English or American
descriptive poets would equal him either in reputation or power over the
feelings. But his mind, though abundantly fanciful, is not suggestive
and imaginative, and in his descriptive pieces he is apt to catalogue
rather than represent nature. His analogies, also, are rather drawn from
the surface than the spirit of things. But he is admirably calculated to
do what he has attempted in the present volume. Frontenac is a metrical
romance, with natural descriptions varied by characters and events, and
all conveyed in energetic and “numerous” verse. It is in every way
worthy of Mr. Street’s high reputation, and, in saying this, we imply
that it is creditable to American Literature.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Evenings at Woodlawn. By Mrs. E. F. Ellett, Author of the
    “Women of the American Revolution.” New York: Baker & Scribner.
    1 vol. 12mo._

The title of this book is a poor one, for it conveys no notion of its
contents. It consists of a series of forty stories, translated and
recast principally from the German, relating to the superstitions of the
various European countries. We are favored with all sorts of legends,
German, Spanish, Danish, etc., referring to supernatural personages and
events; and the whole makes a book, brimful of fairies, magicians,
witches, wizards, and imps, calculated to delight all who have a taste
for the wild and wonderful. The volume, indeed, is admirably calculated
for popularity, and we regret that its accomplished authoress should not
have chosen some name for it which would give a hint of its matter.

                 *        *        *        *        *

_Children’s Books._ The Appletons of New York have just issued a series
of beautiful volumes exactly fitted to charm the hearts of youthful
readers. _Fireside Fairies_ is a delicious little book for a holyday
present, and well adapted in its style to fasten upon the sympathies of
the young. _American Historical Tales for Youth_, a thicker volume,
discoursing of Henry Hudson, Daniel Boone, Captain John Smith, and other
American celebrities, is a grand book to put courage and resolution as
well as knowledge into the minds of boys. _Home Recreation_ is full of
marvelous adventures by sea and land, related in Grandfather Merryman’s
most entertaining way, and radiant with illustrative colored engravings.
_The Child’s Present_ is for younger readers, and contains about fifty
short stories, very quaintly told by the grandfather aforesaid. Each of
these little volumes is admirably calculated for the holyday season.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _History of the American Bible Society, from its Organization to
    the Present Time. By W. P. Strickland. New York: Harper &
    Brothers. 1 vol. 8vo._

This is quite an interesting and important work, giving, in moderate
compass, a view of the operations of the Bible Society in different
parts of the world. The chapter on the different translations of the
Bible is especially interesting, and gives, among other valuable items
of information, a complete list of the names of the forty-seven
translators of the English Bible. It is curious to notice, that among
these, there is hardly one celebrated man, though together they produced
a translation which is the Standard of the English language.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Statesman’s Manual._

With the above for a leading title, Mr. Edwin Williams, of New York,
ever indefatigable in collecting, arranging, and disseminating valuable
political information, has prepared four octavo volumes, containing the
whole of the Messages of each President of the United States, from 1789
to 1849. The book proceeds in order, and gives a biographical sketch of
each President—an account of the inauguration—a history of the
principal events of his administration. The leading transactions of
Congress at each session during the period. So much, well performed,
relates to each presidential service. The work is then rendered more
valuable by the addition of the Declaration of Independence, the
Articles of Confederation, Constitution of the United States, with notes
and references; a brief history of the events and circumstances which
led to the Union of the States, and formation of the Constitution; a
synopsis of the Constitutions of the several States; tables of Members
of the Cabinets of the various administrations, Ministers to Foreign
Countries, and other principal public officers; Chronological Table of
Political Events in the United States; Statistical Tables of Revenue,
Commerce and Population; a complete List of Members of Congress from
1789 to 1849; a complete Index, or Analytical Table of Contents to the
whole work.

We need scarcely go beyond such a simple statement of the contents of
these four volumes, to satisfy every reader of this Magazine that it is
a work for all hands. But we deem it due to the publisher, Mr. Walker,
and the author, to say, that the work is well done, the facts are
clearly set forth, and the statistical tables well digested. So that we
may safely say that the work forms a brief but most interesting and
satisfactory history of the country for the time, and no library should
be without the book, and if any man has a house without a library, let
him purchase these to begin one. The foundation, of course, being always
laid by those hand books that lead and serve devotion, and a copy of
Graham’s Magazine. Mr. John Jones, in North Fifth street, above Market,
is the agent for the work in this city, and will receive orders for it
from the interior. We mention this that people may know where they may
be served, for we take it for granted that a work of such unusual
interest will be universally called for. We ought to add, that the
publisher has had the good taste to have the book printed on excellent
paper, and clear new type, and has ornamented each division with a
beautifully engraved likeness of the President of whose administration
he is treating—and then the work is handsomely bound.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Proverbial Philosophy; a Book of Thoughts and Arguments
    originally treated. By Martin Farquhar Tupper, Esq., D. C. L.,
    F. R. S. of Christ Church, Oxford. From the eighth London
    edition, embellished with twelve characteristic illustrations.
    Philadelphia: E. H. Butler & Co. small quarto, 391 pp._

Tupper’s Proverbial Philosophy has passed through eight editions in
London. In this country it has been reprinted many times in a cheap
form, and upwards of thirty thousand copies have been sold; indeed the
work is so well known that it does not require any commendation from us.
But _this edition_ is deserving of especial praise. It is the first
illustrated copy of this work published either in England or America. It
is printed on beautiful white paper, as thick and solid as parchment.
The type is large, clear and elegant. The binding is rich Turkey
morocco, with massive paneled sides richly gilt. We consider it the most
elegant published volume we have seen. As a holyday gift-book this
volume will do credit to the tact and judgment of the presenter, while
it is a most elegant compliment to the mind of the presentee.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _Mornings among the Jesuits at Rome. By the Rev. M. Seymour, M.
    A. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1 vol. 12mo._

This is an exceedingly interesting volume, the production of a
fair-minded tolerant man, and conveying far more accurate information on
the spirit of Jesuitism than any work published for many years. It is
composed of notes of conversations, held by the author with certain
Jesuits whom he met in Rome, on the subject of religion, and especially
on the standing controversy between the Roman and English Churches. Mr.
Seymour, from the fact that he conversed with his opponents, and enjoyed
their friendship, impresses the reader in a very different manner from
those controversialists, who have never known the men whose system they
attack, and who thus unconsciously confound doctrines with persons, and
convert living beings into mere theological machines. Under every
religious creed there is a human heart and brain—a truism which is so
often overlooked, both in eulogies and attacks on different religious
sects, that we must be pardoned for mentioning it.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _The Little Savage. By Captain Marryatt, R. N. New York: Harper
    & Brothers. 1 vol. 12mo._

Most readers can recollect the time when Captain Marryatt was the most
popular novelist of the day, and Peter Simple and Jacob Faithful were as
familiar names as Oliver Twist and David Copperfield are now. But that
time has passed; the gallant captain survived his reputation without
really losing his talents. The present volume is a most fascinating
story, calculated to charm young readers almost as much as Robinson
Crusoe.

                 *        *        *        *        *

_Boston Edition of Shakspeare._ Phillips, Sampson & Co., of Boston, are
issuing a new edition of Shakspeare, in large, clear type, and on
handsome paper, with introductions and notes to each play. Every number
contains a whole play, and an illustrative engraving in the best style
of art. Four numbers, at the low price of twenty-five cents each, are
already issued, and are to be succeeded by a new number every fortnight.
When completed it will be the finest and most sumptuous edition of
Shakspeare ever published in the United States. The engravings of
Miranda, Julia, and Mrs. Ford, in the numbers before us, are alone worth
the price. The great merit of the edition, however, is the size of the
type and the beauty of the mechanical execution. It can be read by the
oldest and weakest eyes without difficulty and without pain.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _The History of Alfred the Great. By Jacob Abbott. New York:
    Harper & Brothers. 1 vol. 16mo._

The subject of this volume combines the interest of history and romance,
and we hardly need to say that it loses nothing in point of fascination
as presented in Mr. Abbott’s clear and graceful style of narration. The
series of historical volumes to which it belongs should penetrate into
every family in the land.

                 *        *        *        *        *

    _The Fountain of Living Waters, in a Series of Sketches. By a
    Layman. New York: G. P. Putnam. 1 vol. 16mo._

The topics of this exquisitely printed volume are sufficiently indicated
by the general title. It evidently comes from a soul profoundly imbued
with religious sentiment, and the sketches indicate an observing and
reflecting mind.

                 *        *        *        *        *

[Illustration:
Anaïs Toudouze

LE FOLLET

Boulevart S^{t.} Martin, 61.
_Chapeaux de M^{me}._ Baudry, _r. Richelieu, 87—Plumes de_ Chagot
  _ainé, r. Richelieu, 81;_
_Robes de_ Camille—_Métier parisien de M^{lle}._ Chanson, _r.
  Choiseul, 2^{bis}_.
Graham’s Magazine.]

                 *        *        *        *        *



                      SADNESS MAKES THEE SWEETER.


                               WRITTEN BY
                           J. M. CHURCH, ESQ.
                           MUSIC COMPOSED BY
                             JAMES BELLAK.
   Presented by Edward L. Walker, 150 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.

[Illustration: music score]

    I watch thee dearest maiden,
      I mark thy beauty rare,
    Thou’rt leaning from thy casement,
      To breathe the moon-lit

[Illustration: music score]

    air!
    The rays are softly falling
      Upon thy mournful face,
    And in thy sweet, sad eyes love,
      A secret pang I trace!

    My dreams are all of heaven.
      Or sooth sweet one of thee!
    And oft I seek thy casement,
      This earthly heaven to see:
    Ah! tell me where thy thoughts love,
      Are wandering this hour!
    Thou art not happy lovely one
      Thus lonely in thy bower.

    That brow how darkly shadowed,
      Bid clouds of grief depart!
    Yet sadness makes thee sweeter,
      More sad, more sweet, thou art,
    Now mine’s a cheerful heart love,
      Wilt mingle it with thine?
    The cup we’ll quaff together,
      And thus our fates entwine.

                 *        *        *        *        *

Transcriber’s Notes:

Table of Contents has been added for reader convenience. Archaic
spellings and hyphenation have been retained. Punctuation and obvious
type-setting errors have been corrected without note. Other errors have
been corrected as noted below. For illustrations, some caption text may
be missing or incomplete due to condition of the originals available for
preparation of the eBook.

page 4, his voice faultered on ==> his voice faltered on
page 20, customary slouching gate, ==> customary slouching gait,
page 24, Ellsler’s castinets in the ==> Ellsler’s castanets in the
page 26, ranks. No faultering—no ==> ranks. No faltering—no
page 26, work—no faultering—no ==> work—no faltering—no
page 26, shield of Salahad when ==> shield of Galahad when
page 32, McClean, who, losing all ==> McLean, who, losing all
page 34, of Quebec, M. Cramehe ==> of Quebec, M. Cramahé
page 47, And wavy Appenines and ==> And wavy Apennines and
page 49, simply Lily’s Euphuisms revived ==> simply Lyly’s Euphuisms
  revived
page 64, On the mantle-piece were ==> On the mantel-piece were
page 69, investigation of inorganized ==> investigation of unorganized
page 71, still plead the angel-voice ==> still pleaded the angel-voice
page 77, Harry advised as villany ==> Harry advised as villainy
page 79, home is — No., Union ==> home is No. — , Union
page 89, (_Pelecanus Onocrotatus_) ==> (_Pelecanus Onocrotalus_)
Le Follet, _Chapeau de M^{me}._ Baudry ==> _Chapeaux de M^{me}._
  Baudry
Le Follet, _Plume de_ Chagot ==> _Plumes de_ Chagot

[End of Graham's Magazine, Vol. XXXVI, No. 1, January 1850, George Rex
Graham, Editor]





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