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Title: Round the Sofa; vol. 1
Author: Gaskell, Elizabeth C.
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Round the Sofa; vol. 1" ***

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                            ROUND THE SOFA.

                           BY THE AUTHOR OF

      “Mary Barton,” “Life of Charlotte Bronte,” &c. &c.

                             TWO VOLUMES.

                                VOL. I.


             SAMPSON LOW, SON & CO., 47 LUDGATE HILL.




Most of these Stories have already appeared in Household Words: one,
however, has never been published in England, and another has obtained
only a limited circulation.


Long ago I was placed by my parents under the medical treatment of a
certain Mr. Dawson, a surgeon in Edinburgh, who had obtained a
reputation for the cure of a particular class of diseases. I was sent
with my governess into lodgings near his house, in the Old Town. I was
to combine lessons from the excellent Edinburgh masters, with the
medicines and exercises needed for my indisposition. It was at first
rather dreary to leave my brothers and sisters, and to give up our merry
out-of-doors life with our country home, for dull lodgings, with only
poor grave Miss Duncan for a companion; and to exchange our romps in the
garden and rambles through the fields for stiff walks in the streets,
the decorum of which obliged me to tie my bonnet-strings neatly, and put
on my shawl with some regard to straightness.

The evenings were the worst. It was autumn, and of course they daily
grew longer: they were long enough, I am sure, when we first settled
down in those gray and drab lodgings. For, you must know, my father and
mother were not rich, and there were a great many of us, and the medical
expenses to be incurred by my being placed under Mr. Dawson’s care were
expected to be considerable; therefore, one great point in our search
after lodgings was economy. My father, who was too true a gentleman to
feel false shame, had named this necessity for cheapness to Mr. Dawson;
and in return, Mr. Dawson had told him of those at No. 6 Cromer Street,
in which we were finally settled. The house belonged to an old man, at
one time a tutor to young men preparing for the University, in which
capacity he had become known to Mr. Dawson. But his pupils had dropped
off; and when we went to lodge with him, I imagine that his principal
support was derived from a few occasional lessons which he gave, and
from letting the rooms that we took, a drawing-room opening into a
bed-room, out of which a smaller chamber led. His daughter was his
housekeeper: a son, whom we never saw, was supposed to be leading the
same life that his father had done before him, only we never saw or
heard of any pupils; and there was one hard-working, honest little
Scottish maiden, square, stumpy, neat, and plain, who might have been
any age from eighteen to forty.

Looking back on the household now, there was perhaps much to admire in
their quiet endurance of decent poverty; but at this time, their poverty
grated against many of my tastes, for I could not recognize the fact,
that in a town the simple graces of fresh flowers, clean white muslin
curtains, pretty bright chintzes, all cost money, which is saved by the
adoption of dust-coloured moreen, and mud-coloured carpets. There was
not a penny spent on mere elegance in that room; yet there was
everything considered necessary to comfort: but after all, such mere
pretences of comfort! a hard, slippery, black horse-hair sofa, which was
no place of rest; an old piano, serving as a sideboard; a grate,
narrowed by an inner supplement, till it hardly held a handful of the
small coal which could scarcely ever be stirred up into a genial blaze.
But there were two evils worse than even this coldness and bareness of
the rooms: one was that we were provided with a latch-key, which allowed
us to open the front door whenever we came home from a walk, and go
upstairs without meeting any face of welcome, or hearing the sound of a
human voice in the apparently deserted house--Mr. Mackenzie piqued
himself on the noiselessness of his establishment; and the other, which
might almost seem to neutralize the first, was the danger we were always
exposed to on going out, of the old man--sly, miserly, and
intelligent--popping out upon us from his room, close to the left hand
of the door, with some civility which we learnt to distrust as a mere
pretext for extorting more money, yet which it was difficult to refuse:
such as the offer of any books out of his library, a great temptation,
for we could see into the shelf-lined room; but just as we were on the
point of yielding, there was a hint of the “consideration” to be
expected for the loan of books of so much higher a class than any to be
obtained at the circulating library, which made us suddenly draw back.
Another time he came out of his den to offer us written cards, to
distribute among our acquaintance, on which he undertook to teach the
very things I was to learn; but I would rather have been the most
ignorant woman that ever lived than tried to learn anything from that
old fox in breeches. When we had declined all his proposals, he went
apparently into dudgeon. Once when we had forgotten our latch-key we
rang in vain for many times at the door, seeing our landlord standing
all the time at the window to the right, looking out of it in an absent
and philosophical state of mind, from which no signs and gestures of
ours could arouse him.

The women of the household were far better, and more really respectable,
though even on them poverty had laid her heavy left hand, instead of her
blessing right. Miss Mackenzie kept us as short in our food as she
decently could--we paid so much a week for our board, be it observed;
and if one day we had less appetite than another, our meals were docked
to the smaller standard, until Miss Duncan ventured to remonstrate. The
sturdy maid-of-all-work was scrupulously honest, but looked
discontented, and scarcely vouchsafed us thanks, when on leaving we gave
her what Mrs. Dawson had told us would be considered handsome in most
lodgings. I do not believe Phenice ever received wages from the

But that dear Mrs. Dawson! The mention of her comes into my mind like
the bright sunshine into our dingy little drawing-room came on those
days;--as a sweet scent of violets greets the sorrowful passer among the

Mrs. Dawson was not Mr. Dawson’s wife, for he was a bachelor. She was
his crippled sister, an old maid, who had, what she called, taken her
brevet rank.

After we had been about a fortnight in Edinburgh, Mr. Dawson said, in a
sort of half-doubtful manner to Miss Duncan--

“My sister bids me say, that every Monday evening a few friends come in
to sit round her sofa for an hour or so,--some before going to gayer
parties--and that if you and Miss Greatorex would like a little change,
she would only be too glad to see you. Any time from seven to eight
to-night; and I must add my injunctions, both for her sake, and for that
of my little patient’s, here, that you leave at nine o’clock. After all,
I do not know if you will care to come; but Margaret bade me ask you;”
and he glanced up suspiciously and sharply at us. If either of us had
felt the slightest reluctance, however well disguised by manner, to
accept this invitation, I am sure he would have at once detected our
feelings, and withdrawn it; so jealous and chary was he of anything
pertaining to the appreciation of this beloved sister.

But if it had been to spend an evening at a dentist’s, I believe I
should have welcomed the invitation, so weary was I of the monotony of
the nights in our lodgings; and as for Miss Duncan, an invitation to tea
was of itself a pure and unmixed honour, and one to be accepted with all
becoming form and gratitude: so Mr. Dawson’s sharp glances over his
spectacles failed to detect anything but the truest pleasure, and he
went on.

“You’ll find it very dull, I dare say. Only a few old fogies like
myself, and one or two good sweet young women: I never know who’ll
come. Margaret is obliged to lie in a darkened room,--only half-lighted
I mean,--because her eyes are weak,--oh, it will be very stupid, I dare
say: don’t thank me till you’ve been once and tried it, and then, if you
like it, your best thanks will be to come again every Monday, from
half-past seven to nine, you know. Good-bye, good-bye.”

Hitherto I had never been out to a party of grownup people; and no court
ball to a London young lady could seem more redolent of honour and
pleasure than this Monday evening to me.

Dressed out in new stiff book-muslin, made up to my throat,--a frock
which had seemed to me and my sisters the height of earthly grandeur and
finery--Alice, our old nurse, had been making it at home, in
contemplation of the possibility of such an event during my stay in
Edinburgh, but which had then appeared to me a robe too lovely and
angelic to be ever worn short of heaven--I went with Miss Duncan to Mr.
Dawson’s at the appointed time. We entered through one small lofty room,
perhaps I ought to call it an antechamber, for the house was
old-fashioned, and stately and grand, the large square drawing-room,
into the centre of which Mrs. Dawson’s sofa was drawn. Behind her a
little was placed a table with a great cluster candlestick upon it,
bearing seven or eight wax-lights; and that was all the light in the
room, which looked to me very vast and indistinct after our pinched-up
apartment at the Mackenzie’s. Mrs. Dawson must have been sixty; and yet
her face looked very soft and smooth and child-like. Her hair was quite
gray: it would have looked white but for the snowiness of her cap, and
satin ribbon. She was wrapped in a kind of dressing-gown of French grey
merino: the furniture of the room was deep rose-colour, and white and
gold,--the paper which covered the walls was Indian, beginning low down
with a profusion of tropical leaves and birds and insects, and gradually
diminishing in richness of detail till at the top it ended in the most
delicate tendrils and most filmy insects.

Mr. Dawson had acquired much riches in his profession, and his house
gave one this impression. In the corners of the rooms were great jars of
Eastern china, filled with flower-leaves and spices; and in the middle
of all this was placed the sofa, on which poor Mrs. Margaret Dawson
passed whole days, and months, and years, without the power of moving by
herself. By-and-by Mrs. Dawson’s maid brought in tea and macaroons for
us, and a little cup of milk and water and a biscuit for her. Then the
door opened. We had come very early, and in came Edinburgh professors,
Edinburgh beauties, and celebrities, all on their way to some other
gayer and later party, but coming first to see Mrs. Dawson, and tell her
their bon-mots, or their interests, or their plans. By each learned
man, by each lovely girl, she was treated as a dear friend, who knew
something more about their own individual selves, independent of their
reputation and general society-character, than any one else.

It was very brilliant and very dazzling, and gave enough to think about
and wonder about for many days.

Monday after Monday we went, stationary, silent; what could we find to
say to any one but Mrs. Margaret herself? Winter passed, summer was
coming, still I was ailing, and weary of my life; but still Mr. Dawson
gave hopes of my ultimate recovery. My father and mother came and went;
but they could not stay long, they had so many claims upon them. Mrs.
Margaret Dawson had become my dear friend, although, perhaps, I had
never exchanged as many words with her as I had with Miss Mackenzie, but
then with Mrs. Dawson every word was a pearl or a diamond.

People began to drop off from Edinburgh, only a few were left, and I am
not sure if our Monday evenings were not all the pleasanter.

There was Mr. Sperano, the Italian exile, banished even from France,
where he had long resided, and now teaching Italian with meek diligence
in the northern city; there was Mr. Preston, the Westmoreland squire,
or, as he preferred to be called, statesman, whose wife had come to
Edinburgh for the education of their numerous family, and who, whenever
her husband had come over on one of his occasional visits, was only too
glad to accompany him to Mrs. Dawson’s Monday evenings, he and the
invalid lady having been friends from long ago. These and ourselves kept
steady visitors, and enjoyed ourselves all the more for having the more
of Mrs. Dawson’s society.

One evening I had brought the little stool close to her sofa, and was
caressing her thin white hand, when the thought came into my head and
out I spoke it.

“Tell me, dear Mrs. Dawson,” said I, “how long you have been in
Edinburgh; you do not speak Scotch, and Mr. Dawson says he is not

“No, I am Lancashire--Liverpool-born,” said she, smiling. “Don’t you
hear it in my broad tongue?”

“I hear something different to other people, but I like it because it is
just you; is that Lancashire?”

“I dare say it is; for, though I am sure Lady Ludlow took pains enough
to correct me in my younger days, I never could get rightly over the

“Lady Ludlow,” said I, “what had she to do with you? I heard you talking
about her to Lady Madeline Stuart the first evening I ever came here;
you and she seemed so fond of Lady Ludlow; who is she?”

“She is dead, my child; dead long ago.”

I felt sorry I had spoken about her, Mrs. Dawson looked so grave and
sad. I suppose she perceived my sorrow, for she went on and said,

“My dear, I like to talk and to think of Lady Ludlow: she was my true,
kind friend and benefactress for many years; ask me what you like about
her, and do not think you give me pain.”

I grew bold at this.

“Will you tell me all about her then, please Mrs. Dawson?”

“Nay,” said she, smiling, “that would be too long a story. Here are
Signor Sperano, and Miss Duncan, and Mr. and Mrs. Preston are coming
to-night, Mr. Preston told me; how would they like to hear an old-world
story which, after all, would be no story at all, neither beginning, nor
middle, nor end, only a bundle of recollections.”

“If you speak of me, madame,” said Signor Sperano, “I can only say you
do me one great honour by recounting in my presence anything about any
person that has ever interested you.”

Miss Duncan tried to say something of the same kind. In the middle of
her confused speech, Mr. and Mrs. Preston came in. I sprang up; I went
to meet them.

“Oh,” said I, “Mrs. Dawson is just going to tell us all about Lady
Ludlow, and a great deal more, only she is afraid it won’t interest
anybody: do say you would like to hear it!”

Mrs. Dawson smiled at me, and in reply to their urgency she promised to
tell us all about Lady Ludlow, on condition that each one of us should,
after she had ended, narrate something interesting, which we had either
heard, or which had fallen within our own experience. We all promised
willingly, and then gathered round her sofa to hear what she could tell
us about my Lady Ludlow.



I am an old woman now, and things are very different to what they were
in my youth. Then we, who travelled, travelled in coaches, carrying six
inside, and making a two days’ journey out of what people now go over in
a couple of hours with a whizz and a flash, and a screaming whistle,
enough to deafen one. Then letters came in but three times a week:
indeed, in some places in Scotland where I have stayed when I was a
girl, the post came in but once a month;--but letters were letters then;
and we made great prizes of them, and read them and studied them like
books. Now the post comes rattling in twice a day, bringing short jerky
notes, some without beginning or end, but just a little sharp sentence,
which well-bred folks would think too abrupt to be spoken. Well, well!
they may all be improvements,--I dare say they are; but you will never
meet with a Lady Ludlow in these days.

I will try and tell you about her. It is no story: it has, as I said,
neither beginning, middle, nor end.

My father was a poor clergyman with a large family. My mother was always
said to have good blood in her veins; and when she wanted to maintain
her position with the people she was thrown among,--principally rich
democratic manufacturers, all for liberty and the French
Revolution,--she would put on a pair of ruffles, trimmed with real old
English point, very much darned to be sure,--but which could not be
bought new for love or money, as the art of making it was lost years
before. These ruffles showed, as she said, that her ancestors had been
Somebodies, when the grandfathers of the rich folk, who now looked down
upon her, had been Nobodies,--if, indeed, they had any grandfathers at
all. I don’t know whether any one out of our own family ever noticed
these ruffles,--but we were all taught as children to feel rather proud
when my mother put them on, and to hold up our heads as became the
descendants of the lady who had first possessed the lace. Not but what
my dear father often told us that pride was a great sin; we were never
allowed to be proud of anything but my mother’s ruffles: and she was so
innocently happy when she put them on,--often, poor dear creature, to a
very worn and thread-bare gown,--that I still think, even after all my
experience of life, they were a blessing to the family. You will think
that I am wandering away from my Lady Ludlow. Not at all. The Lady who
had owned the lace, Ursula Hanbury, was a common ancestress of both my
mother and my Lady Ludlow. And so it fell out, that when my poor father
died, and my mother was sorely pressed to know what to do with her nine
children, and looked far and wide for signs of willingness to help, Lady
Ludlow sent her a letter, proffering aid and assistance. I see that
letter now: a large sheet of thick yellow paper, with a straight broad
margin left on the left-hand side of the delicate Italian
writing,--writing which contained far more in the same space of paper
than all the sloping, or masculine hand-writings of the present day. It
was sealed with a coat of arms,--a lozenge,--for Lady Ludlow was a
widow. My mother made us notice the motto, “Foy et Loy,” and told us
where to look for the quarterings of the Hanbury arms before she opened
the letter. Indeed, I think she was rather afraid of what the contents
might be; for, as I have said, in her anxious love for her fatherless
children, she had written to many people upon whom, to tell truly, she
had but little claim; and their cold, hard answers had many a time made
her cry, when she thought none of us were looking. I do not even know
if she had ever seen Lady Ludlow: all I knew of her was that she was a
very grand lady, whose grandmother had been half-sister to my mother’s
great-grandmother; but of her character and circumstances I had heard
nothing, and I doubt if my mother was acquainted with them.

I looked over my mother’s shoulder to read the letter; it began, “Dear
Cousin Margaret Dawson,” and I think I felt hopeful from the moment I
saw those words. She went on to say,--stay, I think I can remember the
very words:

‘Dear Cousin Margaret Dawson,--I have been much grieved to hear of
the loss you have sustained in the death of so good a husband, and
so excellent a clergyman as I have always heard that my late cousin
Richard was esteemed to be.’

“There!” said my mother, laying her finger on the passage, “read that
aloud to the little ones. Let them hear how their father’s good report
travelled far and wide, and how well he is spoken of by one whom he
never saw. Cousin Richard, how prettily her ladyship writes! Go on,
Margaret!” She wiped her eyes as she spoke: and laid her finger on her
lips, to still my little sister, Cecily, who, not understanding
anything about the important letter, was beginning to talk and make a

‘You say you are left with nine children. I too should have had
nine, if mine had all lived. I have none left but Rudolph, the
present Lord Ludlow. He is married, and lives, for the most part,
in London. But I entertain six young gentlewomen at my house at
Connington, who are to me as daughters--save that, perhaps, I
restrict them in certain indulgences in dress and diet that might
be befitting in young ladies of a higher rank, and of more probable
wealth. These young persons--all of condition, though out of
means--are my constant companions, and I strive to do my duty as a
Christian lady towards them. One of these young gentlewomen died
(at her own home, whither she had gone upon a visit) last May. Will
you do me the favour to allow your eldest daughter to supply her
place in my household? She is, as I make out, about sixteen years
of age. She will find companions here who are but a little older
than herself. I dress my young friends myself, and make each of
them a small allowance for pocket-money. They have but few
opportunities for matrimony, as Connington is far removed from any
town. The clergyman is a deaf old widower; my agent is married; and
as for the neighbouring farmers, they are, of course, below the
notice of the young gentlewomen under my protection. Still, if any
young woman wishes to marry, and has conducted herself to my
satisfaction, I give her a wedding dinner, her clothes, and her
house-linen. And such as remain with me to my death, will find a
small competency provided for them in my will. I reserve to myself
the option of paying their travelling expenses,--disliking gadding
women, on the one hand; on the other, not wishing by too long
absence from the family home to weaken natural ties.

‘If my proposal pleases you and your daughter--or rather, if it
pleases you, for I trust your daughter has been too well brought up
to have a will in opposition to yours--let me know, dear cousin
Margaret Dawson, and I will make arrangements for meeting the young
gentlewoman at Cavistock, which is the nearest point to which the
coach will bring her.’

My mother dropped the letter, and sat silent.

“I shall not know what to do without you, Margaret.”

A moment before, like a young untried girl as I was, I had been pleased
at the notion of seeing a new place, and leading a new life. But
now,--my mother’s look of sorrow, and the children’s cry of
remonstrance: “Mother; I won’t go,” I said.

“Nay! but you had better,” replied she, shaking her head. “Lady Ludlow
has much power. She can help your brothers. It will not do to slight her

So we accepted it, after much consultation. We were rewarded,--or so we
thought,--for, afterwards, when I came to know Lady Ludlow, I saw that
she would have done her duty by us, as helpless relations, however we
might have rejected her kindness,--by a presentation to Christ’s
Hospital for one of my brothers.

And this was how I came to know my Lady Ludlow.

I remember well the afternoon of my arrival at Hanbury Court. Her
ladyship had sent to meet me at the nearest post-town at which the
mail-coach stopped. There was an old groom inquiring for me, the ostler
said, if my name was Dawson--from Hanbury Court, he believed. I felt it
rather formidable; and first began to understand what was meant by going
among strangers, when I lost sight of the guard to whom my mother had
intrusted me. I was perched up in a high gig with a hood to it, such as
in those days was called a chair, and my companion was driving
deliberately through the most pastoral country I had ever yet seen.
By-and-by we ascended a long hill, and the man got out and walked at the
horse’s head. I should have liked to walk, too, very much indeed; but I
did not know how far I might do it; and, in fact, I dared not speak to
ask to be helped down the deep steps of the gig. We were at last at the
top,--on a long, breezy, sweeping, unenclosed piece of ground, called,
as I afterwards learnt, a Chase. The groom stopped, breathed, patted
his horse, and then mounted again to my side.

“Are we near Hanbury Court?” I asked.

“Near! Why, Miss! we’ve a matter of ten mile yet to go.”

Once launched into conversation, we went on pretty glibly. I fancy he
had been afraid of beginning to speak to me, just as I was to him; but
he got over his shyness with me sooner than I did mine with him. I let
him choose the subjects of conversation, although very often I could not
understand the points of interest in them: for instance, he talked for
more than a quarter of an hour of a famous race which a certain dog-fox
had given him, above thirty years before; and spoke of all the covers
and turns just as if I knew them as well as he did; and all the time I
was wondering what kind of an animal a dog-fox might be.

After we left the Chase, the road grew worse. No one in these days, who
has not seen the byroads of fifty years ago, can imagine what they were.
We had to quarter, as Randal called it, nearly all the way along the
deep-rutted, miry lanes; and the tremendous jolts I occasionally met
with made my seat in the gig so unsteady that I could not look about me
at all, I was so much occupied in holding on. The road was too muddy
for me to walk without dirtying myself more than I liked to do, just
before my first sight of my Lady Ludlow. But by-and-by, when we came to
the fields in which the lane ended, I begged Randal to help me down, as
I saw that I could pick my steps among the pasture grass without making
myself unfit to be seen; and Randal, out of pity for his steaming horse,
wearied with the hard struggle through the mud, thanked me kindly, and
helped me down with a springing jump.

The pastures fell gradually down to the lower land, shut in on either
side by rows of high elms, as if there had been a wide grand avenue here
in former times. Down the grassy gorge we went, seeing the sunset sky at
the end of the shadowed descent. Suddenly we came to a long flight of

“If you’ll run down there, Miss, I’ll go round and meet you, and then
you’d better mount again, for my lady will like to see you drive up to
the house.”

“Are we near the house?” said I, suddenly checked by the idea.

“Down there, Miss,” replied he, pointing with his whip to certain stacks
of twisted chimneys rising out of a group of trees, in deep shadow
against the crimson light, and which lay just beyond a great square lawn
at the base of the steep slope of a hundred yards, on the edge of which
we stood.

I went down the steps quietly enough. I met Randal and the gig at the
bottom; and, falling into a side road to the left, we drove sedately
round, through the gateway, and into the great court in front of the

The road by which we had come lay right at the back.

Hanbury Court is a vast red-brick house--at least, it is cased in part
with red bricks; and the gate-house and walls about the place are of
brick,--with stone facings at every corner, and door, and window, such
as you see at Hampton Court. At the back are the gables, and arched
doorways, and stone mullions, which show (so Lady Ludlow used to tell
us) that it was once a priory. There was a prior’s parlour, I know--only
we called it Mrs. Medlicott’s room; and there was a tithe-barn as big as
a church, and rows of fish-ponds, all got ready for the monks’
fasting-days in old time. But all this I did not see till afterwards. I
hardly noticed, this first night, the great Virginian Creeper (said to
have been the first planted in England by one of my lady’s ancestors)
that half-covered the front of the house. As I had been unwilling to
leave the guard of the coach, so did I now feel unwilling to leave
Randal, a known friend of three hours. But there was no help for it; in
I must go; past the grand-looking old gentleman holding the door open
for me, on into the great hall on the right hand, into which the sun’s
last rays were sending in glorious red light,--the gentleman was now
walking before me,--up a step on to the dais, as I afterwards learned
that it was called,--then again to the left, through a series of
sitting-rooms, opening one out of another, and all of them looking into
a stately garden, glowing, even in the twilight, with the bloom of
flowers. We went up four steps out of the last of these rooms, and then
my guide lifted up a heavy silk curtain, and I was in the presence of my
Lady Ludlow.

She was very small of stature, and very upright. She wore a great lace
cap, nearly half her own height, I should think, that went round her
head (caps which tied under the chin, and which we called “mobs,” came
in later, and my lady held them in great contempt, saying people might
as well come down in their nightcaps). In front of my lady’s cap was a
great bow of white satin ribbon; and a broad band of the same ribbon was
tied tight round her head, and served to keep the cap straight. She had
a fine Indian muslin shawl folded over her shoulders and across her
chest, and an apron of the same; a black silk mode gown, made with short
sleeves and ruffles, and with the tail thereof pulled through the
pocket-hole, so as to shorten it to a useful length: beneath it she
wore, as I could plainly see, a quilted lavender satin petticoat. Her
hair was snowy white, but I hardly saw it, it was so covered with her
cap: her skin, even at her age, was waxen in texture and tint; her eyes
were large and dark blue, and must have been her great beauty when she
was young, for there was nothing particular, as far as I can remember,
either in mouth or nose. She had a great gold-headed stick by her chair;
but I think it was more as a mark of state and dignity than for use; for
she had as light and brisk a step when she chose as any girl of fifteen,
and, in her private early walk of meditation in the mornings, would go
as swiftly from garden alley to garden alley as any one of us.

She was standing up when I went in. I dropped my curtsy at the door,
which my mother had always taught me as a part of good manners, and went
up instinctively to my lady. She did not put out her hand, but raised
herself a little on tiptoe, and kissed me on both cheeks.

“You are cold, my child. You shall have a dish of tea with me.” She rang
a little hand-bell on the table by her, and her waiting-maid came in
from a small anteroom; and, as if all had been prepared, and was
awaiting my arrival, brought with her a small china-service with tea
ready made, and a plate of delicately-cut bread-and-butter, every
morsel of which I could have eaten, and been none the better for it, so
hungry was I after my long ride. The waiting-maid took off my cloak, and
I sat down, sorely alarmed at the silence, the hushed foot-falls of the
subdued maiden over the thick carpet, and the soft voice and clear
pronunciation of my Lady Ludlow. My teaspoon fell against my cup with a
sharp noise, that seemed so out of place and season that I blushed
deeply. My lady caught my eye with hers,--both keen and sweet were those
dark-blue eyes of her ladyship’s:--

“Your hands are very cold, my dear; take off those gloves” (I wore thick
serviceable doeskin, and had been too shy to take them off unbidden),
“and let me try and warm them--the evenings are very chilly.” And she
held my great red hands in hers,--soft, warm, white, ring-laden. Looking
at last a little wistfully into my face, she said--“Poor child! And
you’re the eldest of nine! I had a daughter who would have been just
your age; but I cannot fancy her the eldest of nine.” Then came a pause
of silence; and then she rang her bell, and desired her waiting-maid,
Adams, to show me to my room.

It was so small that I think it must have been a cell. The walls were
whitewashed stone; the bed was of white dimity. There was a small piece
of red stair-carpet on each side of the bed, and two chairs. In a closet
adjoining were my washstand and toilet-table. There was a text of
Scripture painted on the wall right opposite to my bed; and below hung a
print, common enough in those days, of King George and Queen Charlotte,
with all their numerous children, down to the little Princess Amelia in
a go-cart. On each side hung a small portrait, also engraved: on the
left, it was Louis the Sixteenth, on the other, Marie-Antoinette. On the
chimney-piece there was a tinder-box and a Prayer-book. I do not
remember anything else in the room. Indeed, in those days people did not
dream of writing-tables, and inkstands, and portfolios, and easy chairs,
and what not. We were taught to go into our bedrooms for the purposes of
dressing, and sleeping, and praying.

Presently I was summoned to supper. I followed the young lady who had
been sent to call me, down the wide shallow stairs, into the great hall,
through which I had first passed on my way to my Lady Ludlow’s room.
There were four other young gentlewomen, all standing, and all silent,
who curtsied to me when I first came in. They were dressed in a kind of
uniform: muslin caps bound round their heads with blue ribbons, plain
muslin handkerchiefs, lawn aprons, and drab-coloured stuff gowns. They
were all gathered together at a little distance from the table, on which
were placed a couple of cold chickens, a salad, and a fruit-tart. On the
dais there was a smaller round table, on which stood a silver jug filled
with milk, and a small roll. Near that was set a carved chair, with a
countess’s coronet surmounting the back of it. I thought that some one
might have spoken to me; but they were shy, and I was shy; or else there
was some other reason; but, indeed, almost the minute after I had come
into the hall by the door at the lower end, her ladyship entered by the
door opening upon the dais; whereupon we all curtsied very low; I,
because I saw the others do it. She stood, and looked at us for a

“Young gentlewomen,” said she, “make Margaret Dawson welcome among you;”
and they treated me with the kind politeness due to a stranger, but
still without any talking beyond what was required for the purposes of
the meal. After it was over, and grace was said by one of our party, my
lady rang her hand-bell, and the servants came in and cleared away the
supper things: then they brought in a portable reading-desk, which was
placed on the dais, and, the whole household trooping in, my lady called
to one of my companions to come up and read the Psalms and Lessons for
the day. I remember thinking how afraid I should have been had I been in
her place. There were no prayers. My lady thought it schismatic to have
any prayers excepting those in the Prayer-book; and would as soon have
preached a sermon herself in the parish church, as have allowed any one
not a deacon at the least to read prayers in a private dwelling-house. I
am not sure that even then she would have approved of his reading them
in an unconsecrated place.

She had been maid of honour to Queen Charlotte: a Hanbury of that old
stock that flourished in the days of the Plantagenets, and heiress of
all the land that remained to the family, of the great estates which had
once stretched into four separate counties. Hanbury Court was hers by
right. She had married Lord Ludlow, and had lived for many years at his
various seats, and away from her ancestral home. She had lost all her
children but one, and most of them had died at these houses of Lord
Ludlow’s; and, I dare say, that gave my lady a distaste to the places,
and a longing to come back to Hanbury Court, where she had been so happy
as a girl. I imagine her girlhood had been the happiest time of her
life; for, now I think of it, most of her opinions, when I knew her in
later life, were singular enough then, but had been universally
prevalent fifty years before. For instance, while I lived at Hanbury
Court, the cry for education was beginning to come up: Mr. Raikes had
set up his Sunday Schools; and some clergymen were all for teaching
writing and arithmetic, as well as reading. My lady would have none of
this; it was levelling and revolutionary, she said. When a young woman
came to be hired, my lady would have her in, and see if she liked her
looks and her dress, and question her about her family. Her ladyship
laid great stress upon this latter point, saying that a girl who did not
warm up when any interest or curiosity was expressed about her mother,
or the “baby” (if there was one), was not likely to make a good servant.
Then she would make her put out her feet, to see if they were well and
neatly shod. Then she would bid her say the Lord’s Prayer and the Creed.
Then she inquired if she could write. If she could, and she had liked
all that had gone before, her face sank--it was a great disappointment,
for it was an all but inviolable rule with her never to engage a servant
who could write. But I have known her ladyship break through it,
although in both cases in which she did so she put the girl’s principles
to a further and unusual test in asking her to repeat the Ten
Commandments. One pert young woman--and yet I was sorry for her too,
only she afterwards married a rich draper in Shrewsbury--who had got
through her trials pretty tolerably, considering she could write, spoilt
all, by saying glibly, at the end of the last Commandment, “An’t please
your ladyship, I can cast accounts.”

“Go away, wench,” said my lady in a hurry, “You’re only fit for trade;
you will not suit me for a servant.” The girl went away crestfallen: in
a minute, however, my lady sent me after her to see that she had
something to eat before leaving the house; and, indeed, she sent for her
once again, but it was only to give her a Bible, and to bid her beware
of French principles, which had led the French to cut off their king’s
and queen’s heads.

The poor, blubbering girl said, “Indeed, my lady, I wouldn’t hurt a fly,
much less a king, and I cannot abide the French, nor frogs neither, for
that matter.”

But my lady was inexorable, and took a girl who could neither read nor
write, to make up for her alarm about the progress of education towards
addition and subtraction; and, afterwards, when the clergyman who was at
Hanbury parish when I came there, had died, and the bishop had appointed
another, and a younger man, in his stead, this was one of the points on
which he and my lady did not agree. While good old deaf Mr. Mountford
lived, it was my lady’s custom, when indisposed for a sermon, to stand
up at the door of her large square pew,--just opposite to the
reading-desk,--and to say (at that part of the morning service where it
is decreed that, in quires and places where they sing, here followeth
the Anthem): “Mr. Mountford, I will not trouble you for a discourse this
morning.” And we all knelt down to the Litany with great satisfaction;
for Mr. Mountford, though he could not hear, had always his eyes open
about this part of the service, for any of my lady’s movements. But the
new clergyman, Mr. Gray, was of a different stamp. He was very zealous
in all his parish work; and my lady, who was just as good as she could
be to the poor, was often crying him up as a godsend to the parish, and
he never could send amiss to the Court when he wanted broth, or wine, or
jelly, or sago for a sick person. But he needs must take up the new
hobby of education; and I could see that this put my lady sadly about
one Sunday, when she suspected, I know not how, that there was something
to be said in his sermon about a Sunday-school which he was planning.
She stood up, as she had not done since Mr. Mountford’s death, two years
and better before this time, and said,--

“Mr. Gray, I will not trouble you for a discourse this morning.”

But her voice was not well-assured and steady; and we knelt down with
more of curiosity than satisfaction in our minds. Mr. Gray preached a
very rousing sermon, on the necessity of establishing a Sabbath-school
in the village. My lady shut her eyes, and seemed to go to sleep; but I
don’t believe she lost a word of it, though she said nothing about it
that I heard until the next Saturday, when two of us, as was the custom,
were riding out with her in her carriage, and we went to see a poor
bed-ridden woman, who lived some miles away at, the other end of the
estate and of the parish: and as we came out of the cottage we met Mr.
Gray walking up to it, in a great heat, and looking very tired. My lady
beckoned him to her, and told him she should wait and take him home with
her, adding that she wondered to see him there, so far from his home,
for that it was beyond a Sabbath-day’s journey, and, from what she had
gathered from his sermon the last Sunday, he was all for Judaism against
Christianity. He looked as if he did not understand what she meant; but
the truth was that, besides the way in which he had spoken up for
schools and schooling, he had kept calling Sunday the Sabbath: and, as
her ladyship said, “the Sabbath is the Sabbath, and that’s one thing--it
is Saturday; and if I keep it, I’m a Jew, which I’m not. And Sunday is
Sunday; and that’s another thing; and if I keep it, I’m a Christian,
which I humbly trust I am.”

But when Mr. Gray got an inkling of her meaning in talking about a
Sabbath-day’s journey, he only took notice of a part of it: he smiled
and bowed, and said no one knew better than her ladyship what were the
duties that abrogated all inferior laws regarding the Sabbath; and that
he must go in and read to old Betty Brown, so that he would not detain
her ladyship.

“But I shall wait for you, Mr. Gray,” said she. “Or I will take a drive
round by Oakfield, and be back in an hour’s time.” For, you see, she
would not have him feel hurried or troubled with a thought that he was
keeping her waiting, while he ought to be comforting and praying with
old Betty.

“A very pretty young man, my dears,” said she, as we drove away. “But I
shall have my pew glazed all the same.”

We did not know what she meant at the time; but the next Sunday but one
we did. She had the curtains all round the grand old Hanbury family seat
taken down, and, instead of them, there was glass up to the height of
six or seven feet. We entered by a door, with a window in it that drew
up or down just like what you see in carriages. This window was
generally down, and then we could hear perfectly; but if Mr. Gray used
the word “Sabbath,” or spoke in favour of schooling and education, my
lady stepped out of her corner, and drew up the window with a decided
clang and clash.

I must tell you something more about Mr. Gray. The presentation to the
living of Hanbury was vested in two trustees, of whom Lady Ludlow was
one: Lord Ludlow had exercised this right in the appointment of Mr.
Mountford, who had won his lordship’s favour by his excellent
horsemanship. Nor was Mr. Mountford a bad clergyman, as clergymen went
in those days. He did not drink, though he liked good eating as much as
any one. And if any poor person was ill, and he heard of it, he would
send them plates from his own dinner of what he himself liked best;
sometimes of dishes which were almost as bad as poison to sick people.
He meant kindly to everybody except dissenters, whom Lady Ludlow and he
united in trying to drive out of the parish; and among dissenters he
particularly abhorred Methodists--some one said, because John Wesley had
objected to his hunting. But that must have been long ago, for when I
knew him he was far too stout and too heavy to hunt; besides, the bishop
of the diocese disapproved of hunting, and had intimated his
disapprobation to the clergy. For my own part, I think a good run would
not have come amiss, even in a moral point of view, to Mr. Mountford. He
ate so much, and took so little exercise, that we young women often
heard of his being in terrible passions with his servants, and the
sexton and clerk. But they none of them minded him much, for he soon
came to himself, and was sure to make them some present or other--some
said in proportion to his anger; so that the sexton, who was a bit of a
wag (as all sextons are, I think), said that the vicar’s saying, “the
Devil take you,” was worth a shilling any day, whereas “the Deuce” was a
shabby sixpenny speech, only fit for a curate.

There was a great deal of good in Mr. Mountford, too. He could not bear
to see pain, or sorrow, or misery of any kind; and, if it came under his
notice, he was never easy till he had relieved it, for the time, at any
rate. But he was afraid of being made uncomfortable; so, if he possibly
could, he would avoid seeing any one who was ill or unhappy; and he did
not thank any one for telling him about them.

“What would your ladyship have me to do?” he once said to my Lady
Ludlow, when she wished him to go and see a poor man who had broken his
leg. “I cannot piece the leg as the doctor can; I cannot nurse him as
well as his wife does; I may talk to him, but he no more understands me
than I do the language of the alchemists. My coming puts him out; he
stiffens himself into an uncomfortable posture, out of respect to the
cloth, and dare not take the comfort of kicking, and swearing, and
scolding his wife, while I am there. I hear him, with my figurative
ears, my lady, heave a sigh of relief when my back is turned, and the
sermon that he thinks I ought to have kept for the pulpit, and have
delivered to his neighbours (whose case, as he fancies, it would just
have fitted, as it seemed to him to be addressed to the sinful), is all
ended, and done for the day. I judge others as myself; I do to them as I
would be done to. That’s Christianity, at any rate. I should
hate--saving your ladyship’s presence--to have my Lord Ludlow coming and
seeing me, if I were ill. ’Twould be a great honour, no doubt; but I
should have to put on a clean nightcap for the occasion; and sham
patience, in order to be polite, and not weary his lordship with my
complaints. I should be twice as thankful to him if he would send me
game, or a good fat haunch, to bring me up to that pitch of health and
strength one ought to be in, to appreciate the honour of a visit from a
nobleman. So I shall send Jerry Butler a good dinner every day till he
is strong again; and spare the poor old fellow my presence and advice.”

My lady would be puzzled by this, and by many other of Mr. Mountford’s
speeches. But he had been appointed by my lord, and she could not
question her dead husband’s wisdom; and she knew that the dinners were
always sent, and often a guinea or two to help to pay the doctor’s
bills; and Mr. Mountford was true blue, as we call it, to the back-bone;
hated the dissenters and the French; and could hardly drink a dish of
tea without giving out the toast of “Church and King, and down with the
Rump.” Moreover, he had once had the honour of preaching before the King
and Queen, and two of the Princesses, at Weymouth; and the King had
applauded his sermon audibly with,--“Very good; very good;” and that was
a seal put upon his merit in my lady’s eyes.

Besides, in the long winter Sunday evenings, he would come up to the
Court, and read a sermon to us girls, and play a game of picquet with my
lady afterwards; which served to shorten the tedium of the time. My lady
would, on those occasions, invite him to sup with her on the dais; but
as her meal was invariably bread and milk only, Mr. Mountford preferred
sitting down amongst us, and made a joke about its being wicked and
heterodox to eat meagre on Sunday, a festival of the Church. We smiled
at this joke just as much the twentieth time we heard it as we did at
the first; for we knew it was coming, because he always coughed a
little nervously before he made a joke, for fear my lady should not
approve: and neither she nor he seemed to remember that he had ever hit
upon the idea before.

Mr. Mountford died quite suddenly at last. We were all very sorry to
lose him. He left some of his property (for he had a private estate) to
the poor of the parish, to furnish them with an annual Christmas dinner
of roast-beef and plum-pudding, for which he wrote out a very good
receipt in the codicil to his will.

Moreover, he desired his executors to see that the vault, in which the
vicars of Hanbury were interred, was well aired, before his coffin was
taken in; for, all his life long, he had had a dread of damp, and
latterly he kept his rooms to such a pitch of warmth that some thought
it hastened his end.

Then the other trustee, as I have said, presented the living to Mr.
Gray, Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford. It was quite natural for us
all, as belonging in some sort to the Hanbury family, to disapprove of
the other trustee’s choice. But when some ill-natured person circulated
the report that Mr. Gray was a Moravian Methodist, I remember my lady
said, “She could not believe anything so bad, without a great deal of


Before I tell you about Mr. Gray, I think I ought to make you understand
something more of what we did all day long at Hanbury Court. There were
five of us at the time of which I am speaking, all young women of good
descent, and allied (however distantly) to people of rank. When we were
not with my lady, Mrs. Medlicott looked after us; a gentle little woman,
who had been companion to my lady for many years, and was indeed, I have
been told, some kind of relation to her. Mrs. Medlicott’s parents had
lived in Germany, and the consequence was, she spoke English with a very
foreign accent. Another consequence was, that she excelled in all manner
of needlework, such as is not known even by name in these days. She
could darn either lace, table-linen, India muslin, or stockings, so that
no one could tell where the hole or rent had been. Though a good
Protestant, and never missing Guy Faux’ day at church, she was as
skilful at fine work as any nun in a Papist convent. She would take a
piece of French cambric, and by drawing out some threads, and working
in others, it became delicate lace in a very few hours. She did the same
by Hollands cloth, and made coarse strong lace, with which all my lady’s
napkins and table-linen were trimmed. We worked under her during a great
part of the day, either in the still-room, or at our sewing in a chamber
that opened out of the great hall. My lady despised every kind of work
that would now be called Fancy-work. She considered that the use of
coloured threads or worsted was only fit to amuse children; but that
grown women ought not to be taken with mere blues and reds, but to
restrict their pleasure in sewing to making small and delicate stitches.
She would speak of the old tapestry in the hall as the work of her
ancestresses, who lived before the Reformation, and were consequently
unacquainted with pure and simple tastes in work, as well as in
religion. Nor would my lady sanction the fashion of the day, which, at
the beginning of this century, made all the fine ladies take to making
shoes. She said that such work was a consequence of the French
Revolution, which had done much to annihilate all distinctions of rank
and class, and hence it was, that she saw young ladies of birth and
breeding handling lasts, and awls, and dirty cobblers’--wax, like
shoemakers’ daughters.

Very frequently one of us would be summoned to my lady to read aloud to
her, as she sat in her small withdrawing-room, some improving book. It
was generally Mr. Addison’s “Spectator;” but one year I remember, we had
to read “Sturm’s Reflections,” translated from a German book Mrs.
Medlicott recommended. Mr. Sturm told us what to think about for every
day in the year; and very dull it was. But I believe Queen Charlotte had
liked the book very much, and the thought of her royal approbation kept
my lady awake during the reading. “Mrs. Chapone’s Letters” and “Dr.
Gregory’s Advice to Young Ladies” composed the rest of our library for
week-day reading. I, for one, was glad to leave my fine sewing, and even
my reading aloud, (though this last did keep me with my dear lady,) to
go to the still-room and potter about among the preserves and the
medicated waters. There was no doctor for many miles round, and with
Mrs. Medlicott to direct us, and Dr. Buchan to go by for recipes, we
sent out many a bottle of physic, which, I dare say, was as good as what
comes out of the druggist’s shop. At any rate, I do not think we did
much harm; for if any of our physics tasted stronger than usual, Mrs.
Medlicott would bid us let it down with cochineal and water, to make all
safe, as she said. So our bottles of medicine had very little real
physic in them at last; but we were careful in putting labels on them,
which looked very mysterious to those who could not read, and helped the
medicine to do its work. I have sent off many a bottle of salt and water
coloured red; and whenever we had nothing else to do in the still-room,
Mrs. Medlicott would set us to making bread-pills by way of practice,
and, as far as I can say, they were very efficacious, as before we gave
out a box Mrs. Medlicott always told the patient what symptoms to
expect; and I hardly ever inquired without hearing that they had
produced their effect. There was one old man, who took six pills
a-night, of any kind we liked to give him, to make him sleep; and if, by
any chance, his daughter had forgotten to let us know that he was out of
his medicine, he was so restless and miserable that, as he said, he
thought he was like to die. I think ours was what would be called
homœopathic practice now-a-days. Then we learnt to make all the cakes
and dishes of the season in the still-room. We had plum-porridge and
mince-pies at Christmas, fritters and pancakes on Shrove Tuesday,
furmenty on Mothering Sunday, violet-cakes in Passion Week,
tansy-pudding on Easter Sunday, three-cornered cakes on Trinity Sunday,
and so on through the year: all made from good old Church receipts,
handed down from one of my lady’s earliest Protestant ancestresses.
Every one of us passed a portion of the day with Lady Ludlow; and now
and then we rode out with her in her coach-and-four. She did not like to
go out with a pair of horses, considering this rather beneath her rank;
and, indeed, four horses were very often needed to pull her heavy coach
through the stiff mud. But it was rather a cumbersome equipage through
the narrow Warwickshire lanes; and I used often to think it was well
that countesses were not plentiful, or else we might have met another
lady of quality in another coach-and-four where there would have been no
possibility of turning, or passing each other, and very little chance of
backing. Once when the idea of this danger of meeting another countess
in a narrow deep-rutted lane was very prominent in my mind, I ventured
to ask Mrs. Medlicott what would have to be done on such an occasion;
and she told me that “de latest creation must back, for sure,” which
puzzled me a good deal at the time, although I understand it now. I
began to find out the use of the “Peerage,” a book which had seemed to
me rather dull before; but, as I was always a coward in a coach, I made
myself well acquainted with the dates of creation of our three
Warwickshire earls, and was happy to find that Earl Ludlow ranked
second, the oldest earl being a hunting widower, and not likely to drive
out in a carriage.

All this time I have wandered from Mr. Gray. Of course, we first saw him
in church when he read himself in. He was very red-faced, the kind of
redness which goes with light hair, and a blushing complexion; he looked
slight and short, and his bright light frizzy hair had hardly a dash of
powder in it. I remember my lady making this observation, and sighing
over it; for, though since the famine in seventeen hundred and
ninety-nine and eighteen hundred, there had been a tax on hair-powder,
yet it was reckoned very revolutionary and Jacobin not to wear a good
deal of it. My lady hardly liked the opinions of any man who wore his
own hair; but this she would say was rather a prejudice: only in her
youth none but the mob had gone wigless, and she could not get over the
association of wigs with birth and breeding; a man’s own hair with that
class of people who had formed the rioters in seventeen hundred and
eighty, when Lord George Gordon had been one of the bugbears of my
lady’s life. Her husband and his brothers, she told us, had been put
into breeches, and had their heads shaved on their seventh birthday,
each of them; a handsome little wig of the newest fashion forming the
old Lady Ludlow’s invariable birthday present to her sons as they each
arrived at that age; and afterwards, to the day of their death, they
never saw their own hair. To be without powder, as some underbred
people were talking of being now, was in fact to insult the proprieties
of life, by being undressed. It was English sans-culottism. But Mr. Gray
did wear a little powder, enough to save him in my lady’s good opinion;
but not enough to make her approve of him decidedly.

The next time I saw him was in the great hall. Mary Mason and I were
going to drive out with my lady in her coach, and when we went
down-stairs with our best hats and cloaks on, we found Mr. Gray awaiting
my lady’s coming. I believe he had paid his respects to her before, but
we had never seen him; and he had declined her invitation to spend
Sunday evening at the Court (as Mr. Mountford used to do pretty
regularly,--and play a game of picquet too--), which, Mrs. Medlicott
told us, had caused my lady to be not over well pleased with him.

He blushed redder than ever at the sight of us, as we entered the hall,
and dropped him our curtsies. He coughed two or three times, as if he
would have liked to speak to us, if he could but have found something to
say; and every time he coughed, he became hotter-looking than ever. I am
ashamed to say, we were nearly laughing at him; half because we, too,
were so shy that we understood what his awkwardness meant.

My lady came in, with her quick active step--she always walked quickly
when she did not bethink herself of her cane,--as if she were sorry to
have kept us waiting,--and, as she entered, she gave us all round one of
those graceful sweeping curtsies, of which I think the art must have
died out with her,--it implied so much courtesy;--this time it said, as
well as words could do, “I am sorry to have kept you all
waiting,--forgive me.”

She went up to the mantelpiece, near which Mr. Gray had been standing
until her entrance, and curtsying afresh to him, and pretty deeply this
time, because of his cloth, and her being hostess, and he, a new guest.
She asked him if he would not prefer speaking to her in her own private
parlour, and looked as though she would have conducted him there. But he
burst out with his errand, of which he was full even to choking, and
which sent the glistening tears into his large blue eyes, which stood
farther and farther out with his excitement.

“My lady, I want to speak to you, and to persuade you to exert your kind
interest, with Mr. Lathom--Justice Lathom of Hathaway Manor--”

“Harry Lathom?” inquired my lady,--as Mr. Gray stopped to take the
breath he had lost in his hurry,--“I did not know he was in the

“He is only just appointed; he took the oaths not a month ago,--more’s
the pity!”

“I do not understand why you should regret it. The Lathoms have held
Hathaway since Edward the First, and Mr. Lathom bears a good character,
although his temper is hasty--”

“My lady! he has committed Job Gregson for stealing--a fault of which he
is as innocent as I--and all the evidence goes to prove it, now that the
case is brought before the Bench; only the Squires hang so together that
they can’t be brought to see justice, and are all for sending Job to
gaol, out of compliment to Mr. Lathom, saying it is his first committal,
and it won’t be civil to tell him there is no evidence against his man.
For God’s sake, my lady, speak to the gentlemen; they will attend to
you, while they only tell me to mind my own business.”

Now my lady was always inclined to stand by her order, and the Lathoms
of Hathaway Court were cousins to the Hanburys. Besides, it was rather a
point of honour in those days to encourage a young magistrate, by
passing a pretty sharp sentence on his first committals; and Job Gregson
was the father of a girl who had been lately turned away from her place
as scullery-maid for sauciness to Mrs. Adams, her ladyship’s own maid;
and Mr. Gray had not said a word of the reasons why he believed the man
innocent,--for he was in such a hurry, I believe he would have had my
lady drive off to the Henley Court-house then and there;--so there
seemed a good deal against the man, and nothing but Mr. Gray’s bare word
for him; and my lady drew herself a little up, and said:

“Mr. Gray! I do not see what reason either you or I have to interfere.
Mr. Harry Lathom is a sensible kind of young man, well capable of
ascertaining the truth without our help--”

“But more evidence has come out since,” broke in Mr. Gray.

My lady went a little stiffer, and spoke a little more coldly:--

“I suppose this additional evidence is before the justices; men of good
family, and of honour and credit, well known in the county. They
naturally feel that the opinion of one of themselves must have more
weight than the words of a man like Job Gregson, who bears a very
indifferent character,--has been strongly suspected of poaching, coming
from no one knows where, squatting on Hareman’s Common--which, by the
way, is extra-parochial, I believe; consequently you, as a clergyman,
are not responsible for what goes on there; and, although impolitic,
there might be some truth in what the magistrates said, in advising you
to mind your own business,”--said her ladyship, smiling,--“and they
might be tempted to bid me mind mine, if I interfered, Mr. Gray; might
they not?”

He looked extremely uncomfortable; half angry. Once or twice he began to
speak, but checked himself, as if his words would not have been wise or
prudent. At last he said:

“It may seem presumptuous in me,--a stranger of only a few weeks’
standing--to set up my judgment as to men’s character against that of
residents’---” Lady Ludlow gave a little bow of acquiescence, which was,
I think, involuntary on her part, and which I don’t think he
perceived,--“but I am convinced that the man is innocent of this
offence,--and besides, the justices themselves allege this ridiculous
custom of paying a compliment to a newly-appointed magistrate as their
only reason.”

That unlucky word “ridiculous!” It undid all the good his modest
beginning had done him with my lady. I knew, as well as words could have
told me, that she was affronted at the expression being used by a man
inferior in rank to those whose actions he applied it to,--and, truly,
it was a great want of tact, considering to whom he was speaking.

Lady Ludlow spoke very gently and slowly; she always did so when she
was annoyed; it was a certain sign, the meaning of which we had all

“I think, Mr. Gray, we will drop the subject. It is one on which we are
not likely to agree.”

Mr. Gray’s ruddy colour grew purple, and then faded away, and his face
became pale. I think both my lady and he had forgotten our presence; and
we were beginning to feel too awkward to wish to remind them of it. And
yet we could not help watching and listening with the greatest interest.

Mr. Gray drew himself up to his full height, with an unconscious feeling
of dignity. Little as was his stature, and awkward and embarrassed as he
had been only a few minutes before, I remember thinking he looked almost
as grand as my lady when he spoke.

“Your ladyship must remember that it may be my duty to speak to my
parishioners on many subjects on which they do not agree with me. I am
not at liberty to be silent, because they differ in opinion from me.”

Lady Ludlow’s great blue eyes dilated with surprise, and--I do
think--anger, at being thus spoken to. I am not sure whether it was very
wise in Mr. Gray. He himself looked afraid of the consequences, but as
if he was determined to bear them without flinching. For a minute there
was silence. Then my lady replied:

“Mr. Gray, I respect your plain speaking, although I may wonder whether
a young man of your age and position has any right to assume that he is
a better judge than one with the experience which I have naturally
gained at my time of life, and in the station I hold.”

“If I, madam, as the clergyman of this parish, am not to shrink from
telling what I believe to be the truth to the poor and lowly, no more am
I to hold my peace in the presence of the rich and titled.” Mr. Gray’s
face showed that he was in that state of excitement which in a child
would have ended in a good fit of crying. He looked as if he had nerved
himself up to doing and saying things, which he disliked above
everything, and which nothing short of serious duty could have compelled
him to do and say. And at such times every minute circumstance which
could add to pain comes vividly before one. I saw that he became aware
of our presence, and that it added to his discomfiture.

My lady flushed up. “Are you aware, sir,” asked she, “that you have gone
far astray from the original subject of conversation? But as you talk of
your parish, allow me to remind you that Hareman’s Common is beyond the
bounds, and that you are really not responsible for the characters and
lives of the squatters on that unlucky piece of ground.”

“Madam, I see I have only done harm in speaking to you about the affair
at all. I beg your pardon, and take my leave.”

He bowed, and looked very sad. Lady Ludlow caught the expression of his

“Good morning!” she cried, in rather a louder and quicker way than that
in which she had been speaking. “Remember, Job Gregson is a notorious
poacher and evildoer, and you really are not responsible for what goes
on at Hareman’s Common.”

He was near the hall-door, and said something--half to himself, which we
heard (being nearer to him), but my lady did not; although she saw that
he spoke. “What did he say?” she asked, in a somewhat hurried manner, as
soon as the door was closed--“I did not hear.” We looked at each other,
and then I spoke:

“He said, my lady, that ‘God help him! he was responsible for all the
evil he did not strive to overcome.’”

My lady turned sharp round away from us, and Mary Mason said afterwards
she thought her ladyship was much vexed with both of us, for having been
present, and with me for having repeated what Mr. Gray had said. But it
was not our fault that we were in the hall, and when my lady asked what
Mr. Gray had said, I thought it right to tell her.

In a few minutes she bade us accompany her in her ride in the coach.

Lady Ludlow always sat forwards by herself, and we girls backwards.
Somehow this was a rule, which we never thought of questioning. It was
true that riding backwards made some of us feel very uncomfortable and
faint; and to remedy this my lady always drove with both windows open,
which occasionally gave her the rheumatism; but we always went on in the
old way. This day she did not pay any great attention to the road by
which we were going, and Coachman took his own way. We were very silent,
as my lady did not speak, and looked very serious. Or else, in general,
she made these rides very pleasant (to those who were not qualmish, with
riding backwards), by talking to us in a very agreeable manner, and
telling us of the different things which had happened to her at various
places,--at Paris and Versailles, where she had been in her youth,--at
Windsor and Kew and Weymouth, where she had been with the Queen, when
maid-of-honour--and so on. But this day she did not talk at all. All at
once she put her head out of the window.

“John Footman,” said she, “where are we? Surely this is Hareman’s

“Yes, an’t please my lady,” said John Footman, and waited for further
speech or orders. My lady thought awhile, and then said she would have
the steps put down and get out.

As soon as she was gone, we looked at each other, and then without a
word began to gaze after her. We saw her pick her dainty way, in the
little high-heeled shoes she always wore (because they had been in
fashion in her youth), among the yellow pools of stagnant water that had
gathered in the clayey soil. John Footman followed, stately, after;
afraid too, for all his stateliness, of splashing his pure white
stockings. Suddenly my lady turned round, and said something to him, and
he returned to the carriage with a half-pleased, half-puzzled air.

My lady went on to a cluster of rude mud houses at the higher end of the
Common; cottages built, as they were occasionally at that day, of
wattles and clay, and thatched with sods. As far as we could make out
from dumb show, Lady Ludlow saw enough of the interiors of these places
to make her hesitate before entering, or even speaking to any of the
children who were playing about in the puddles. After a pause, she
disappeared into one of the cottages. It seemed to us a long time before
she came out; but I dare say it was not more than eight or ten minutes.
She came back with her head hanging down, as if to choose her way,--but
we saw it was more in thought and bewilderment than for any such

She had not made up her mind where we should drive to when she got into
the carriage again. John Footman stood, bare-headed, waiting for orders.

“To Hathaway. My dears, if you are tired, or if you have anything to do
for Mrs. Medlicott, I can drop you at Barford Corner, and it is but a
quarter of an hour’s brisk walk home?”

But luckily we could safely say that Mrs. Medlicott did not want us; and
as we had whispered to each other, as we sat alone in the coach, that
surely my lady must have gone to Job Gregson’s, we were far too anxious
to know the end of it all to say that we were tired. So we all set off
to Hathaway. Mr. Harry Lathom was a bachelor squire, thirty or
thirty-five years of age, more at home in the field than in the
drawing-room, and with sporting men than with ladies.

My lady did not alight, of course; it was Mr. Lathom’s place to wait
upon her, and she bade the butler,--who had a smack of the gamekeeper in
him, very unlike our own powdered venerable fine gentleman at
Hanbury,--tell his master, with her compliments, that she wished to
speak to him. You may think how pleased we were to find that we should
hear all that was said; though, I think, afterwards we were half sorry
when we saw how our presence confused the squire, who would have found
it bad enough to answer my lady’s questions, even without two eager
girls for audience.

“Pray, Mr. Lathom,” began my lady, something abruptly for her,--but she
was very full of her subject,--“what is this I hear about Job Gregson?”

Mr. Lathom looked annoyed and vexed, but dared not show it in his words.

“I gave out a warrant against him, my lady, for theft, that is all. You
are doubtless aware of his character; a man who sets nets and springes
in long cover, and fishes wherever he takes a fancy. It is but a short
step from poaching to thieving.”

“That is quite true,” replied Lady Ludlow (who had a horror of poaching
for this very reason): “but I imagine you do not send a man to gaol on
account of his bad character.”

“Rogues and vagabonds,” said Mr. Lathom. “A man may be sent to prison
for being a vagabond; for no specific act, but for his general mode of

He had the better of her ladyship for one moment; but then she answered,

“But in this case, the charge on which you committed him was theft; now
his wife tells me he can prove he was some miles distant from Holmwood,
where the robbery took place, all that afternoon; she says you had the
evidence before you.”

Mr. Lathom here interrupted my lady, by saying, in a somewhat sulky

“No such evidence was brought before me when I gave the warrant. I am
not answerable for the other magistrates’ decision, when they had more
evidence before them. It was they who committed him to gaol. I am not
responsible for that.”

My lady did not often show signs of impatience; but we knew she was
feeling irritated by the little perpetual tapping of her high-heeled
shoe against the bottom of the carriage. About the same time we, sitting
backwards, caught a glimpse of Mr. Gray through the open door, standing
in the shadow of the hall. Doubtless Lady Ludlow’s arrival had
interrupted a conversation between Mr. Lathom and Mr. Gray. The latter
must have heard every word of what she was saying; but of this she was
not aware, and caught at Mr. Lathom’s disclaimer of responsibility with
pretty much the same argument which she had heard (through our
repetition) that Mr. Gray had used not two hours before.

“And do you mean to say, Mr. Lathom, that you don’t consider yourself
responsible for all injustice or wrong-doing that you might have
prevented, and have not? Nay, in this case the first germ of injustice
was your own mistake. I wish you had been with me a little while ago,
and seen the misery in that poor fellow’s cottage.” She spoke lower, and
Mr. Gray drew near, in a sort of involuntary manner; as if to hear all
she was saying. We saw him, and doubtless Mr. Lathom heard his footstep,
and knew who it was that was listening behind him, and approving of
every word that was said. He grew yet more sullen in manner; but still
my lady was my lady, and he dared not speak out before her, as he would
have done to Mr. Gray. Lady Ludlow, however, caught the look of
stubbornness in his face, and it roused her as I had never seen her

“I am sure you will not refuse, sir, to accept my bail. I offer to bail
the fellow out, and to be responsible for his appearance at the
sessions. What say you to that, Mr. Lathom?”

“The offence of theft is not bailable, my lady.”

“Not in ordinary cases, I dare say. But I imagine this is an
extraordinary case. The man is sent to prison out of compliment to you,
and against all evidence, as far as I can learn. He will have to rot in
gaol for two months, and his wife and children to starve. I, Lady
Ludlow, offer to bail him out, and pledge myself for his appearance at
next quarter-sessions.”

“It is against the law, my lady.”

“Bah! Bah! Bah! Who makes laws? Such as I, in the House of Lords--such
as you, in the House of Commons. We, who make the laws in St. Stephen’s,
may break the mere forms of them, when we have right on our sides, on
our own land, and amongst our own people.”

“The lord-lieutenant may take away my commission, if he heard of it.”

“And a very good thing for the county, Harry Lathom; and for you too, if
he did,--if you don’t go on more wisely than you have begun. A pretty
set you and your brother magistrates are to administer justice through
the land! I always said a good despotism was the best form of
government; and I am twice as much in favour of it now I see what a
quorum is! My dears!” suddenly turning round to us, “if it would not
tire you to walk home, I would beg Mr. Lathom to take a seat in my
coach, and we would drive to Henley Gaol, and have the poor man out at

“A walk over the fields at this time of day is hardly fitting for young
ladies to take alone,” said Mr. Lathom, anxious no doubt to escape from
his tête-à-tête drive with my lady, and possibly not quite prepared to
go to the illegal length of prompt measures, which she had in

But Mr. Gray now stepped forward, too anxious for the release of the
prisoner to allow any obstacle to intervene which he could do away with.
To see Lady Ludlow’s face when she first perceived whom she had had for
auditor and spectator of her interview with Mr. Lathom, was as good as a
play. She had been doing and saying the very things she had been so much
annoyed at Mr. Gray’s saying and proposing only an hour or two ago. She
had been setting down Mr. Lathom pretty smartly, in the presence of the
very man to whom she had spoken of that gentleman as so sensible, and of
such a standing in the county, that it was presumption to question his
doings. But before Mr. Gray had finished his offer of escorting us back
to Hanbury Court, my lady had recovered herself. There was neither
surprise nor displeasure in her manner, as she answered:

“I thank you, Mr. Gray. I was not aware that you were here, but I think
I can understand on what errand you came. And seeing you here, recalls
me to a duty I owe Mr. Lathom. Mr. Lathom, I have spoken to you pretty
plainly,--forgetting, until I saw Mr. Gray, that only this very
afternoon I differed from him on this very question; taking completely,
at that time, the same view of the whole subject which you have done;
thinking that the county would be well rid of such a man as Job Gregson,
whether he had committed this theft or not. Mr. Gray and I did not part
quite friends,” she continued, bowing towards him; “but it so happened
that I saw Job Gregson’s wife and home,--I felt that Mr. Gray had been
right and I had been wrong, so, with the famous inconsistency of my sex,
I came hither to scold you,” smiling towards Mr. Lathom, who looked
half-sulky yet, and did not relax a bit of his gravity at her smile,
“for holding the same opinions that I had done an hour before. Mr.
Gray,” (again bowing towards him) “these young ladies will be very much
obliged to you for your escort, and so shall I. Mr. Lathom, may I beg of
you to accompany me to Henley?”

Mr. Gray bowed very low, and went very red; Mr. Lathom said something
which we none of us heard, but which was, I think, some remonstrance
against the course he was, as it were, compelled to take. Lady Ludlow,
however, took no notice of his murmur, but sat in an attitude of polite
expectancy; and as we turned off on our walk, I saw Mr. Lathom getting
into the coach with the air of a whipped hound. I must say, considering
my lady’s feeling, I did not envy him his ride,--though, I believe, he
was quite in the right as to the object of the ride being illegal.

Our walk home was very dull. We had no fears; and would far rather have
been without the awkward, blushing young man, into which Mr. Gray had
sunk. At every stile he hesitated,--sometimes he half got over it,
thinking that he could assist us better in that way; then he would turn
back unwilling to go before ladies. He had no ease of manner, as my lady
once said of him, though on any occasion of duty, he had an immense deal
of dignity.


As far as I can remember, it was very soon after this that I first began
to have the pain in my hip, which has ended in making me a cripple for
life. I hardly recollect more than one walk after our return under Mr.
Gray’s escort from Mr. Lathom’s. Indeed, at the time, I was not without
suspicions (which I never named) that the beginning of all the mischief
was a great jump I had taken from the top of one of the stiles on that
very occasion.

Well, it is a long while ago, and God disposes of us all, and I am not
going to tire you out with telling you how I thought and felt, and how,
when I saw what my life was to be, I could hardly bring myself to be
patient, but rather wished to die at once. You can every one of you
think for yourselves what becoming all at once useless and unable to
move, and by-and-by growing hopeless of cure, and feeling that one must
be a burden to some one all one’s life long, would be to an active,
wilful, strong girl of seventeen, anxious to get on in the world, so
as, if possible, to help her brothers and sisters. So I shall only say,
that one among the blessings which arose out of what seemed at the time
a great, black sorrow was, that Lady Ludlow for many years took me, as
it were, into her own especial charge; and now, as I lie still and alone
in my old age, it is such a pleasure to think of her!

Mrs. Medlicott was great as a nurse, and I am sure I can never be
grateful enough to her memory for all her kindness. But she was puzzled
to know how to manage me in other ways. I used to have long, hard fits
of crying; and, thinking that I ought to go home--and yet what could
they do with me there?--and a hundred and fifty other anxious thoughts,
some of which I could tell to Mrs. Medlicott, and others I could not.
Her way of comforting me was hurrying away for some kind of tempting or
strengthening food--a basin of melted calves’--foot jelly was, I am sure
she thought, a cure for every woe.

“There! take it, dear, take it!” she would say; “and don’t go on
fretting for what can’t be helped.”

But, I think, she got puzzled at length at the non-efficacy of good
things to eat; and one day, after I had limped down to see the doctor,
in Mrs. Medlicott’s sitting room--a room lined with cupboards,
containing preserves and dainties of all kinds, which she perpetually
made, and never touched herself--when I was returning to my bed-room to
cry away the afternoon, under pretence of arranging my clothes, John
Footman brought me a message from my lady (with whom the doctor had been
having a conversation) to bid me go to her in that private sitting-room
at the end of the suite of apartments, about which I spoke in describing
the day of my first arrival at Hanbury. I had hardly been in it since;
as, when we read to my lady, she generally sat in the small
withdrawing-room out of which this private room of hers opened. I
suppose great people do not require what we smaller people value so
much,--I mean privacy. I do not think that there was a room which my
lady occupied that had not two doors, and some of them had three or
four. Then my lady had always Adams waiting upon her in her bed-chamber;
and it was Mrs. Medlicott’s duty to sit within call, as it were, in a
sort of anteroom that led out of my lady’s own sitting-room, on the
opposite side to the drawing-room door. To fancy the house, you must
take a great square, and halve it by a line; at one end of this line was
the hall-door, or public-entrance; at the opposite the private entrance
from a terrace, which was terminated at one end by a sort of postern
door in an old gray stone wall, beyond which lay the farm buildings and
offices; so that people could come in this way to my lady on business,
while, if she were going into the garden from her own room, she had
nothing to do but to pass through Mrs. Medlicott’s apartment, out into
the lesser hall, and then turning to the right as she passed on to the
terrace, she could go down the flight of broad, shallow steps at the
corner of the house into the lovely garden, with stretching, sweeping
lawns, and gay flower-beds, and beautiful, bossy laurels, and other
blooming or massy shrubs, with full-grown beeches, or larches feathering
down to the ground a little farther off. The whole was set in a frame,
as it were, by the more distant woodlands. The house had been modernized
in the days of Queen Anne, I think; but the money had fallen short that
was requisite to carry out all the improvements, so it was only the
suite of withdrawing-rooms and the terrace-rooms, as far as the private
entrance, that had the new, long, high windows put in, and these were
old enough by this time to be draped with roses, and honeysuckles and
pyracanthus, winter and summer long.

Well, to go back to that day when I limped into my lady’s sitting-room,
trying hard to look as if I had not been crying, and not to walk as if I
was in much pain. I do not know whether my lady saw how near my tears
were to my eyes, but she told me she had sent for me, because she wanted
some help in arranging the drawers of her bureau, and asked me--just as
if it was a favour I was to do her--if I could sit down in the easy
chair near the window--(all quietly arranged before I came in, with a
footstool, and a table quite near)--and assist her. You will wonder,
perhaps, why I was not bidden to sit or lie on the sofa; but (although I
found one there a morning or two afterwards, when I came down) the fact
was, that there was none in the room at this time. I have even fancied
that the easy-chair was brought in on purpose for me, for it was not the
chair in which I remembered my lady sitting the first time I saw her.
That chair was very much carved and gilded, with a countess’ coronet at
the top. I tried it one day, some time afterwards, when my lady was out
of the room, and I had a fancy for seeing how I could move about, and
very uncomfortable it was. Now my chair (as I learnt to call it, and to
think it) was soft and luxurious, and seemed somehow to give one’s body
rest just in that part where one most needed it.

I was not at my ease that first day, nor indeed for many days
afterwards, notwithstanding my chair was so comfortable. Yet I forgot my
sad pain in silently wondering over the meaning of many of the things we
turned out of those curious old drawers. I was puzzled to know why some
were kept at all; a scrap of writing may-be, with only half-a-dozen
common-place words written on it, or a bit of broken riding-whip, and
here and there a stone, of which I thought I could have picked up twenty
just as good in the first walk I took. But it seems that was just my
ignorance; for my lady told me they were pieces of valuable marble, used
to make the floors of the great Roman emperors’ palaces long ago; and
that when she had been a girl, and made the grand tour long ago, her
cousin, Sir Horace Mann, the Ambassador or Envoy at Florence, had told
her to be sure to go into the fields inside the walls of ancient Rome,
when the farmers were preparing the ground for the onion-sowing, and had
to make the soil fine, and pick up what bits of marble she could find.
She had done so, and meant to have had them made into a table; but
somehow that plan fell through, and there they were with all the dirt
out of the onion-field upon them; but once when I thought of cleaning
them with soap and water, at any rate, she bade me not to do so, for it
was Roman dirt--earth, I think, she called it--but it was dirt all the

Then, in this bureau, were many other things, the value of which I could
understand--locks of hair carefully ticketed, which my lady looked at
very sadly; and lockets and bracelets with miniatures in them,--very
small pictures to what they make now-a-days, and call miniatures; some
of them had even to be looked at through a microscope before you could
see the individual expression of the faces, or how beautifully they were
painted. I don’t think that looking at these made my lady seem so
melancholy, as the seeing and touching of the hair did. But, to be sure,
the hair was, as it were, a part of some beloved body which she might
never touch and caress again, but which lay beneath the turf, all faded
and disfigured, except perhaps the very hair, from which the lock she
held had been dissevered; whereas the pictures were but pictures after
all--likenesses, but not the very things themselves. This is only my own
conjecture, mind. My lady rarely spoke out her feelings. For, to begin
with, she was of rank: and I have heard her say that people of rank do
not talk about their feelings except to their equals, and even to them
they conceal them, except upon rare occasions. Secondly,--and this is my
own reflection,--she was an only child and an heiress; and as such was
more apt to think than to talk, as all well-brought-up heiresses must
be, I think. Thirdly, she had long been a widow, without any companion
of her own age with whom it would have been natural for her to refer to
old associations, past pleasures, or mutual sorrows. Mrs. Medlicott came
nearest to her as a companion of this sort; and her ladyship talked
more to Mrs. Medlicott, in a kind of familiar way, than she did to all
the rest of the household put together. But Mrs. Medlicott was silent by
nature, and did not reply at any great length. Adams, indeed, was the
only one who spoke much to Lady Ludlow.

After we had worked away about an hour at the bureau, her ladyship said
we had done enough for one day; and as the time was come for her
afternoon ride, she left me, with a volume of engravings from Mr.
Hogarth’s pictures on one side of me (I don’t like to write down the
names of them, though my lady thought nothing of it, I am sure), and
upon a stand her great prayer-book open at the evening-psalms for the
day, on the other. But as soon as she was gone, I troubled myself little
with either, but amused myself with looking round the room at my
leisure. The side on which the fire-place stood, was all panelled,--part
of the old ornaments of the house, for there was an Indian paper with
birds and beasts, and insects on it, on all the other sides. There were
coats of arms, of the various families with whom the Hanburys had
intermarried, all over these panels, and up and down the ceiling as
well. There was very little looking-glass in the room, though one of the
great drawing-rooms was called the “Mirror Room,” because it was lined
with glass, which my lady’s great-grandfather had brought from Venice
when he was ambassador there. There were china jars of all shapes and
sizes round and about the room, and some china monsters, or idols, of
which I could never bear the sight, they were so ugly, though I think my
lady valued them more than all. There was a thick carpet on the middle
of the floor, which was made of small pieces of rare wood fitted into a
pattern; the doors were opposite to each other, and were composed of two
heavy tall wings, and opened in the middle, moving on brass grooves
inserted into the floor--they would not have opened over a carpet. There
were two windows reaching up nearly to the ceiling, but very narrow, and
with deep window-seats in the thickness of the wall. The room was full
of scent, partly from the flowers outside, and partly from the great
jars of pot-pourri inside. The choice of odours was what my lady piqued
herself upon, saying nothing showed birth like a keen susceptibility of
smell. We never named musk in her presence, her antipathy to it was so
well understood through the household: her opinion on the subject was
believed to be, that no scent derived from an animal could ever be of a
sufficiently pure nature to give pleasure to any person of good family,
where, of course, the delicate perception of the senses had been
cultivated for generations. She would instance the way in which
sportsmen preserve the breed of dogs who have shown keen scent; and how
such gifts descend for generations amongst animals, who cannot be
supposed to have anything of ancestral pride, or hereditary fancies
about them. Musk, then, was never mentioned at Hanbury Court. No more
were bergamot or southern-wood, although vegetable in their nature. She
considered these two latter as betraying a vulgar taste in the person
who chose to gather or wear them. She was sorry to notice sprigs of them
in the button-hole of any young man in whom she took an interest, either
because he was engaged to a servant of hers or otherwise, as he came out
of church on a Sunday afternoon. She was afraid that he liked coarse
pleasures; and I am not sure if she did not think that his preference
for these coarse sweetnesses did not imply a probability that he would
take to drinking. But she distinguished between vulgar and common.
Violets, pinks, and sweetbriar were common enough; roses and mignonette,
for those who had gardens, honeysuckle for those who walked along the
bowery lanes; but wearing them betrayed no vulgarity of taste: the queen
upon her throne might be glad to smell at a nosegay of these flowers. A
beau-pot (as we called it) of pinks and roses freshly gathered was
placed every morning that they were in bloom on my lady’s own particular
table. For lasting vegetable odours she preferred lavender and
sweet-woodroof to any extract whatever. Lavender reminded her of old
customs, she said, and of homely cottage-gardens, and many a cottager
made his offering to her of a bundle of lavender. Sweet woodroof, again,
grew in wild, woodland places, where the soil was fine and the air
delicate: the poor children used to go and gather it for her up in the
woods on the higher lands; and for this service she always rewarded them
with bright new pennies, of which my lord, her son, used to send her
down a bagful fresh from the Mint in London every February.

Attar-of-roses, again, she disliked. She said it reminded her of the
city and of merchants’ wives, over-rich, over-heavy in its perfume. And
lilies-of-the-valley somehow fell under the same condemnation. They were
most graceful and elegant to look at (my lady was quite candid about
this), flower, leaf, colour--everything was refined about them but the
smell. That was too strong. But the great hereditary faculty on which my
lady piqued herself, and with reason, for I never met with any other
person who possessed it, was the power she had of perceiving the
delicious odour arising from a bed of strawberries in the late autumn,
when the leaves were all fading and dying. “Bacon’s Essays” was one of
the few books that lay about in my lady’s room; and if you took it up
and opened it carelessly, it was sure to fall apart at his “Essay on
Gardens.” “Listen,” her ladyship would say, “to what that great
philosopher and statesman says, ‘Next to that,’---he is speaking of
violets, my dear,--‘is the musk-rose,’---of which you remember the great
bush, at the corner of the south wall just by the Blue Drawing-room
windows; that is the old musk-rose, Shakespeare’s musk-rose, which is
dying out through the kingdom now. But to return to my Lord Bacon: ‘Then
the strawberry leaves, dying with a most excellent cordial smell.’ Now
the Hanburys can always smell this excellent cordial odour, and very
delicious and refreshing it is. You see, in Lord Bacon’s time, there had
not been so many intermarriages between the court and the city as there
have been since the needy days of his Majesty Charles the Second; and
altogether in the time of Queen Elizabeth, the great, old families of
England were a distinct race, just as a cart-horse is one creature, and
very useful in its place, and Childers or Eclipse is another creature,
though both are of the same species. So the old families have gifts and
powers of a different and higher class to what the other orders have. My
dear, remember that you try if you can smell the scent of dying
strawberry-leaves in this next autumn. You have some of Ursula Hanbury’s
blood in you, and that gives you a chance.”

But when October came, I sniffed and sniffed, and all to no purpose; and
my lady--who had watched the little experiment rather anxiously--had to
give me up as a hybrid. I was mortified, I confess, and thought that it
was in some ostentation of her own powers that she ordered the gardener
to plant a border of strawberries on that side the terrace that lay
under her windows.

I have wandered away from time and place. I tell you all the
remembrances I have of those years just as they come up, and I hope
that, in my old age, I am not getting too like a certain Mrs. Nickleby,
whose speeches were once read out aloud to me.

I came by degrees to be all day long in this room which I have been
describing; sometimes sitting in the easy chair, doing some little piece
of dainty work for my lady, or sometimes arranging flowers, or sorting
letters according to their handwriting, so that she could arrange them
afterwards, and destroy or keep, as she planned, looking ever onward to
her death. Then, after the sofa was brought in, she would watch my face,
and if she saw my colour change, she would bid me lie down and rest. And
I used to try to walk upon the terrace every day for a short time: it
hurt me very much, it is true, but the doctor had ordered it, and I knew
her ladyship wished me to obey.

Before I had seen the background of a great lady’s life, I had thought
it all play and fine doings. But whatever other grand people are, my
lady was never idle. For one thing, she had to superintend the agent for
the large Hanbury estate. I believe it was mortgaged for a sum of money
which had gone to improve the late lord’s Scotch lands; but she was
anxious to pay off this before her death, and so to leave her own
inheritance free of incumbrance to her son, the present Earl; whom, I
secretly think, she considered a greater person, as being the heir of
the Hanburys (though through a female line), than as being my Lord
Ludlow with half-a-dozen other minor titles.

With this wish of releasing her property from the mortgage, skilful care
was much needed in the management of it: and as far as my lady could go,
she took every pains. She had a great book, in which every page was
ruled into three divisions; on the first column was written the date and
the name of the tenant who addressed any letter on business to her; on
the second was briefly stated the subject of the letter, which generally
contained a request of some kind. This request would be surrounded and
enveloped in so many words, and often inserted amidst so many odd
reasons and excuses, that Mr. Horner (the steward) would sometimes say
it was like hunting through a bushel of chaff to find a grain of wheat.
Now, in the second column of this book, the grain of meaning was placed,
clean and dry, before her ladyship every morning. She sometimes would
ask to see the original letter; sometimes she simply answered the
request by a “Yes,” or a “No;” and often she would send for leases and
papers, and examine them well, with Mr. Horner at her elbow, to see if
such petitions, as to be allowed to plough up pasture fields, &c., were
provided for in the terms of the original agreement. On every Thursday
she made herself at liberty to see her tenants, from four to six in the
afternoon. Mornings would have suited my lady better, as far as
convenience went, and I believe the old custom had been to have these
levées (as her ladyship used to call them) held before twelve. But, as
she said to Mr. Horner, when he urged returning to the former hours, it
spoilt a whole day for a farmer, if he had to dress himself in his best
and leave his work in the forenoon (and my lady liked to see her tenants
come in their Sunday-clothes; she would not say a word, may-be, but she
would take her spectacles slowly out, and put them on with silent
gravity, and look at a dirty or raggedly-dressed man so solemnly and
earnestly, that his nerves must have been pretty strong if he did not
wince, and resolve that, however poor he might be, soap and water, and
needle and thread should be used before he again appeared in her
ladyship’s anteroom). The outlying tenants had always a supper provided
for them in the servants’--hall on Thursdays, to which, indeed, all
comers were welcome to sit down. For my lady said, though there were not
many hours left of a working-man’s day when their business with her was
ended, yet that they needed food and rest, and that she should be
ashamed if they sought either at the Fighting Lion (called at this day
the Hanbury Arms). They had as much beer as they could drink while they
were eating; and when the food was cleared away, they had a cup a-piece
of good ale, in which the oldest tenant present, standing up, gave
Madam’s health; and after that was drunk, they were expected to set off
homewards; at any rate, no more liquor was given them. The tenants one
and all called her “Madam;” for they recognised in her the married
heiress of the Hanburys, not the widow of a Lord Ludlow, of whom they
and their forefathers knew nothing; and against whose memory, indeed,
there rankled a dim unspoken grudge, the cause of which was accurately
known to the very few who understood the nature of a mortgage, and were
therefore aware that Madam’s money had been taken to enrich my lord’s
poor land in Scotland. I am sure--for you can understand I was behind
the scenes, as it were, and had many an opportunity of seeing and
hearing, as I lay or sat motionless in my lady’s room, with the double
doors open between it and the anteroom beyond, where Lady Ludlow saw her
steward, and gave audience to her tenants,--I am certain, I say, that
Mr. Horner was silently as much annoyed at the money that was swallowed
up by this mortgage as any one; and, some time or other, he had probably
spoken his mind out to my lady; for there was a sort of offended
reference on her part, and respectful submission to blame on his, while
every now and then there was an implied protest,--whenever the payments
of the interest became due, or whenever my lady stinted herself of any
personal expense, such as Mr. Horner thought was only decorous and
becoming in the heiress of the Hanburys. Her carriages were old and
cumbrous, wanting all the improvements which had been adopted by those
of her rank throughout the county. Mr. Horner would fain have had the
ordering of a new coach. The carriage-horses, too, were getting past
their work; yet all the promising colts bred on the estate were sold for
ready money; and so on. My lord, her son, was ambassador at some foreign
place; and very proud we all were of his glory and dignity; but I fancy
it cost money, and my lady would have lived on bread and water sooner
than have called upon him to help her in paying off the mortgage,
although he was the one who was to benefit by it in the end.

Mr. Horner was a very faithful steward, and very respectful to my lady;
although, sometimes, I thought she was sharper to him than to any one
else; perhaps because she knew that, although he never said anything, he
disapproved of the Hanburys being made to pay for the Earl Ludlow’s
estates and state.

The late lord had been a sailor, and had been as extravagant in his
habits as most sailors are, I am told,--for I never saw the sea; and yet
he had a long sight to his own interests; but whatever he was, my lady
loved him and his memory, with about as fond and proud a love as ever
wife gave husband, I should think.

For a part of his life Mr. Horner, who was born on the Hanbury property,
had been a clerk to an attorney in Birmingham; and these few years had
given him a kind of worldly wisdom, which, though always exerted for her
benefit, was antipathetic to her ladyship, who thought that some of her
steward’s maxims savoured of trade and commerce. I fancy that if it had
been possible, she would have preferred a return to the primitive
system, of living on the produce of the land, and exchanging the surplus
for such articles as were needed, without the intervention of money.

But Mr. Horner was bitten with new-fangled notions, as she would say,
though his new-fangled notions were what folk at the present day would
think sadly behindhand; and some of Mr. Gray’s ideas fell on Mr.
Horner’s mind like sparks on tow, though they started from two different
points. Mr. Horner wanted to make every man useful and active in this
world, and to direct as much activity and usefulness as possible to the
improvement of the Hanbury estates, and the aggrandisement of the
Hanbury family, and therefore he fell into the new cry for education.

Mr. Gray did not care much,--Mr. Horner thought not enough,--for this
world, and where any man or family stood in their earthly position; but
he would have every one prepared for the world to come, and capable of
understanding and receiving certain doctrines, for which latter purpose,
it stands to reason, he must have heard of these doctrines; and
therefore Mr. Gray wanted education. The answer in the catechism that
Mr. Horner was most fond of calling upon a child to repeat, was that to,
“What is thy duty towards thy neighbour?” The answer Mr. Gray liked best
to hear repeated with unction, was that to the question, “What is the
inward and spiritual grace?” The reply to which Lady Ludlow bent her
head the lowest, as we said our Catechism to her on Sundays, was to,
“What is thy duty towards God?” But neither Mr. Horner nor Mr. Gray had
heard many answers to the Catechism as yet.

Up to this time there was no Sunday-school in Hanbury. Mr. Gray’s
desires were bounded by that object. Mr. Horner looked farther on: he
hoped for a day-school at some future time, to train up intelligent
labourers for working on the estate. My lady would hear of neither one
nor the other: indeed, not the boldest man whom she ever saw would have
dared to name the project of a day-school within her hearing.

So Mr. Horner contented himself with quietly teaching a sharp, clever
lad to read and write, with a view to making use of him as a kind of
foreman in process of time. He had his pick of the farm-lads for this
purpose; and, as the brightest and sharpest, although by far the
raggedest and dirtiest, singled out Job Gregson’s son. But all this--as
my lady never listened to gossip, or indeed, was spoken to unless she
spoke first--was quite unknown to her, until the unlucky incident took
place which I am going to relate.


I think my lady was not aware of Mr. Horner’s views on education (as
making men into more useful members of society) or the practice to which
he was putting his precepts in taking Harry Gregson as pupil and
protégé; if, indeed, she were aware of Harry’s distinct existence at
all, until the following unfortunate occasion. The anteroom, which was a
kind of business-place for my lady to receive her steward and tenants
in, was surrounded by shelves. I cannot call them book-shelves, though
there were many books on them; but the contents of the volumes were
principally manuscript, and relating to details connected with the
Hanbury property. There were also one or two dictionaries, gazetteers,
works of reference on the management of property; all of a very old date
(the dictionary was Bailey’s, I remember; we had a great Johnson in my
lady’s room, but where lexicographers differed, she generally preferred

In this antechamber a footman generally sat, awaiting orders from my
lady; for she clung to the grand old customs, and despised any bells,
except her own little hand-bell, as modern inventions; she would have
her people always within summons of this silvery bell, or her scarce
less silvery voice. This man had not the sinecure you might imagine. He
had to reply to the private entrance; what we should call the back door
in a smaller house. As none came to the front door but my lady, and
those of the county whom she honoured by visiting, and her nearest
acquaintance of this kind lived eight miles (of bad road) off, the
majority of comers knocked at the nail-studded terrace-door; not to have
it opened (for open it stood, by my lady’s orders, winter and summer, so
that the snow often drifted into the back-hall, and lay there in heaps
when the weather was severe), but to summon some one to receive their
message, or carry their request to be allowed to speak to my lady. I
remember it was long before Mr. Gray could be made to understand that
the great door was only opened on state occasions, and even to the last
he would as soon come in by that as the terrace entrance. I had been
received there on my first setting foot over my lady’s threshold; every
stranger was led in by that way the first time they came; but after that
(with the exceptions I have named) they went round by the terrace, as
it were by instinct. It was an assistance to this instinct to be aware
that from time immemorial, the magnificent and fierce Hanbury
wolf-hounds, which were extinct in every other part of the island, had
been and still were kept chained in the front quadrangle, where they
bayed through a great part of the day and night, and were always ready
with their deep, savage growl at the sight of every person and thing,
excepting the man who fed them, my lady’s carriage-and-four, and my lady
herself. It was pretty to see her small figure go up to the great,
crouching brutes, thumping the flags with their heavy, wagging tails,
and slobbering in an ecstacy of delight, at her light approach and soft
caress. She had no fear of them; but she was a Hanbury born, and the
tale went, that they and their kind knew all Hanburys instantly, and
acknowledged their supremacy, ever since the ancestors of the breed had
been brought from the East by the great Sir Urian Hanbury, who lay with
his legs crossed on the altar-tomb in the church. Moreover, it was
reported that, not fifty years before, one of these dogs had eaten up a
child, which had inadvertently strayed within reach of its chain. So you
may imagine how most people preferred the terrace-door. Mr. Gray did not
seem to care for the dogs. It might be absence of mind, for I have
heard of his starting away from their sudden spring when he had
unwittingly walked within reach of their chains; but it could hardly
have been absence of mind, when one day he went right up to one of them,
and patted him in the most friendly manner, the dog meanwhile looking
pleased, and affably wagging his tail, just as if Mr. Gray had been a
Hanbury. We were all very much puzzled by this, and to this day I have
not been able to account for it.

But now let us go back to the terrace-door, and the footman sitting in
the antechamber.

One morning we heard a parleying which rose to such a vehemence, and
lasted for so long, that my lady had to ring her hand-bell twice before
the footman heard it.

“What is the matter, John?” asked she, when he entered.

“A little boy, my lady, who says he comes from Mr. Horner, and must see
your ladyship. Impudent little lad!” (this last to himself.)

“What does he want?”

“That’s just what I have asked him, my lady, but he won’t tell me,
please your ladyship.”

“It is, probably, some message from Mr. Horner,” said Lady Ludlow, with
just a shade of annoyance in her manner; for it was against all
etiquette to send a message to her, and by such a messenger too!

“No! please your ladyship, I asked him if he had any message, and he
said no, he had none; but he must see your ladyship for all that.”

“You had better show him in then, without more words,” said her
ladyship, quietly, but still, as I have said, rather annoyed.

As if in mockery of the humble visitor, the footman threw open both
battants of the door, and in the opening their stood a lithe, wiry lad,
with a thick head of hair, standing out in every direction, as if
stirred by some electrical current, a short, brown face, red now from
affright and excitement, wide, resolute mouth, and bright, deep-set
eyes; which glanced keenly and rapidly round the room, as if taking in
everything (and all was new and strange) to be thought and puzzled over
at some future time. He knew enough of manners not to speak first to one
above him in rank, or else he was afraid.

“What do you want with me?” asked my lady; in so gentle a tone that it
seemed to surprise and stun him.

“An’t please your ladyship?” said he, as if he had been deaf.

“You come from Mr. Horner’s: why do you want to see me?” again asked
she, a little more loudly.

“An’t please your ladyship, Mr. Horner was sent for all on a sudden to
Warwick this morning.”

His face began to work; but he felt it, and closed his lips into a
resolute form.


“And he went off all on a sudden-like.”


“And he left a note for your ladyship with me, your ladyship.”

“Is that all? You might have given it to the footman.”

“Please your ladyship, I’ve clean gone and lost it.”

He never took his eyes off her face. If he had not kept his look fixed,
he would have burst out crying.

“That was very careless,” said my lady, gently. “But I am sure you are
very sorry for it. You had better try and find it. It may have been of

“Please, Mum--please your ladyship--I can say it off by heart.”

“You! What do you mean?” I was really afraid now. My lady’s blue eyes
absolutely gave out light, she was so much displeased, and, moreover,
perplexed. The more reason he had for affright, the more his courage
rose. He must have seen,--so sharp a lad must have perceived her
displeasure, but he went on quickly and steadily.

“Mr. Horner, my lady, has taught me to read, write, and cast accounts,
my lady. And he was in a hurry, and he folded his paper up, but he did
not seal it; and I read it, my lady; and now, my lady, it seems like as
if I had got it off by heart;” and he went on with a high pitched voice,
saying out very loud what, I have no doubt, were the identical words of
the letter, date, signature and all: it was merely something about a
deed, which required my lady’s signature.

When he had done, he stood almost as if he expected commendation for his
accurate memory.

My lady’s eyes contracted till the pupils were as needle-points; it was
a way she had when much disturbed. She looked at me, and said,

“Margaret Dawson, what will this world come to?” And then she was

The lad, beginning to perceive he had given deep offence, stood stock
still--as if his brave will had brought him into this presence, and
impelled him to confession, and the best amends he could make, but had
now deserted him, or was extinct, and left his body motionless, until
some one else with word or deed made him quit the room. My lady looked
again at him, and saw the frowning, dumb-foundering terror at his
misdeed, and the manner in which his confession had been received.

“My poor lad!” said she, the angry look leaving her face, “into whose
hands have you fallen?”

The boy’s lips began to quiver.

“Don’t you know what tree we read of in Genesis?--No! I hope you have
not got to read so easily as that.” A pause. “Who has taught you to read
and write?”

“Please, my lady, I meant no harm, my lady.” He was fairly blubbering,
overcome by her evident feeling of dismay and regret, the soft
repression of which was more frightening to him than any strong or
violent words would have been.

“Who taught you, I ask?”

“It were Mr. Horner’s clerk who learned me, my lady.”

“And did Mr. Horner know of it?”

“Yes, my lady. And I am sure I thought for to please him.”

“Well! perhaps you were not to blame for that. But I wonder at Mr.
Horner. However, my boy, as you have got possession of edge-tools, you
must have some rules how to use them. Did you never hear that you were
not to open letters?”

“Please, my lady, it were open. Mr. Horner forgot for to seal it, in his
hurry to be off.”

“But you must not read letters that are not intended for you. You must
never try to read any letters that are not directed to you, even if they
be open before you.”

“Please, my lady, I thought it were good for practice, all as one as a

My lady looked bewildered as to what way she could farther explain to
him the laws of honour as regarded letters.

“You would not listen, I am sure,” said she, “to anything you were not
intended to hear?”

He hesitated for a moment, partly because he did not fully comprehend
the question. My lady repeated it. The light of intelligence came into
his eager eyes, and I could see that he was not certain if he could tell
the truth.

“Please, my lady, I always hearken when I hear folk talking secrets; but
I mean no harm.”

My poor lady sighed: she was not prepared to begin a long way off in
morals. Honour was, to her, second nature, and she had never tried to
find out on what principle its laws were based. So, telling the lad that
she wished to see Mr. Horner when he returned from Warwick, she
dismissed him with a despondent look; he, meanwhile, right glad to be
out of the awful gentleness of her presence.

“What is to be done?” said she, half to herself and half to me. I could
not answer, for I was puzzled myself.

“It was a right word,” she continued, “that I used, when I called
reading and writing ‘edge-tools.’ If our lower orders have these
edge-tools given to them, we shall have the terrible scenes of the
French Revolution acted over again in England. When I was a girl, one
never heard of the rights of men, one only heard of the duties. Now,
here was Mr. Gray, only last night, talking of the right every child had
to instruction. I could hardly keep my patience with him, and at length
we fairly came to words; and I told him I would have no such thing as a
Sunday-school (or a Sabbath-school, as he calls it, just like a Jew) in
my village.”

“And what did he say, my lady?” I asked; for the struggle that seemed
now to have come to a crisis, had been going on for some time in a quiet

“Why, he gave way to temper, and said he was bound to remember he was
under the bishop’s authority, not under mine; and implied that he should
persevere in his designs, notwithstanding my expressed opinion.”

“And your ladyship--” I half inquired.

“I could only rise and curtsy, and civilly dismiss him. When two persons
have arrived at a certain point of expression on a subject, about which
they differ as materially as I do from Mr. Gray, the wisest course, if
they wish to remain friends, is to drop the conversation entirely and
suddenly. It is one of the few cases where abruptness is desirable.”

I was sorry for Mr. Gray. He had been to see me several times, and had
helped me to bear my illness in a better spirit than I should have done
without his good advice and prayers. And I had gathered, from little
things he said, how much his heart was set upon this new scheme. I liked
him so much, and I loved and respected my lady so well, that I could not
bear them to be on the cool terms to which they were constantly getting.
Yet I could do nothing but keep silence.

I suppose my lady understood something of what was passing in my mind;
for, after a minute or two, she went on:--

“If Mr. Gray knew all I know,--if he had my experience, he would not be
so ready to speak of setting up his new plans in opposition to my
judgment. Indeed,” she continued, lashing herself up with her own
recollections, “times are changed when the parson of a village comes to
beard the liege lady in her own house. Why, in my grandfather’s days,
the parson was family chaplain too, and dined at the Hall every Sunday.
He was helped last, and expected to have done first. I remember seeing
him take up his plate and knife and fork, and say, with his mouth full
all the time he was speaking: ‘If you please, Sir Urian, and my Lady,
I’ll follow the beef into the housekeeper’s room;’ for, you see, unless
he did so, he stood no chance of a second helping. A greedy man, that
parson was, to be sure! I recollect his once eating up the whole of some
little bird at dinner, and by way of diverting attention from his
greediness, he told how he had heard that a rook soaked in vinegar and
then dressed in a particular way, could not be distinguished from the
bird he was then eating. I saw by the grim look of my grandfather’s face
that the parson’s doing and saying displeased him; and, child as I was,
I had some notion what was coming, when, as I was riding out on my
little, white pony, by my grandfather’s side, the next Friday, he
stopped one of the gamekeepers, and bade him shoot one of the oldest
rooks he could find. I knew no more about it till Sunday, when a dish
was set right before the parson, and Sir Urian said: ‘Now, Parson
Hemming, I have had a rook shot, and soaked in vinegar, and dressed as
you described last Sunday. Fall to, man, and eat it with as good an
appetite as you had last Sunday. Pick the bones clean, or by----, no
more Sunday dinners shall you eat at my table!’ I gave one look at poor
Mr. Hemming’s face, as he tried to swallow the first morsel, and make
believe as though he thought it very good; but I could not look again,
for shame, although my grandfather laughed, and kept asking us all round
if we knew what could have become of the parson’s appetite.”

“And did he finish it?” I asked.

“O yes, my dear. What my grandfather said was to be done, was done
always. He was a terrible man in his anger! But to think of the
difference between Parson Hemming and Mr. Gray! or even of poor, dear
Mr. Mountford and Mr. Gray. Mr. Mountford would never have withstood me
as Mr. Gray did!”

“And your ladyship really thinks that it would not be right to have a
Sunday-school?” I asked, feeling very timid as I put the question.

“Certainly not. As I told Mr. Gray, I consider a knowledge of the Creed,
and of the Lord’s Prayer, as essential to salvation; and that any child
may have, whose parents bring it regularly to church. Then there are the
Ten Commandments, which teach simple duties in the plainest language. Of
course, if a lad is taught to read and write (as that unfortunate boy
has been who was here this morning) his duties become complicated, and
his temptations much greater, while, at the same time, he has no
hereditary principles and honourable training to serve as safeguards. I
might take up my old simile of the race-horse and cart-horse. I am
distressed,” continued she, with a break in her ideas, “about that boy.
The whole thing reminds me so much of a story of what happened to a
friend of mine--Clément de Créquy. Did I ever tell you about him?”

“No, your ladyship,” I replied.

“Poor Clément! more than twenty years ago, Lord Ludlow and I spent a
winter in Paris. He had many friends there; perhaps not very good or
very wise men, but he was so kind that he liked every one, and every one
liked him. We had an apartment, as they call it there, in the Rue de
Lille; we had the first-floor of a grand hôtel, with the basement for
our servants. On the floor above us the owner of the house lived, a
Marquise de Créquy, a widow. They tell me that the Créquy coat-of-arms
is still emblazoned, after all these terrible years, on a shield above
the arched porte-cochère, just as it was then, though the family is
quite extinct. Madam de Créquy had only one son, Clément, who was just
the same age as my Urian--you may see his portrait in the great
hall--Urian’s, I mean.” I knew that Master Urian had been drowned at
sea; and often had I looked at the presentment of his bonny hopeful
face, in his sailor’s dress, with right hand outstretched to a ship on
the sea in the distance, as if he had just said, “Look at her! all her
sails are set, and I’m just off.” Poor Master Urian! he went down in
this very ship not a year after the picture was taken! But now I will go
back to my lady’s story. “I can see those two boys playing now,”
continued she, softly, shutting her eyes, as if the better to call up
the vision, “as they used to do five-and-twenty years ago in those
old-fashioned French gardens behind our hôtel. Many a time have I
watched them from my windows. It was, perhaps, a better play-place than
an English garden would have been, for there were but few flower-beds,
and no lawn at all to speak about; but instead, terraces and balustrades
and vases and flights of stone steps more in the Italian style; and
there were jets-d’eau, and little fountains that could be set playing by
turning water-cocks that were hidden here and there. How Clément
delighted in turning the water on to surprise Urian, and how gracefully
he did the honours, as it were, to my dear, rough, sailor lad! Urian was
as dark as a gypsy boy, and cared little for his appearance, and
resisted all my efforts at setting off his black eyes and tangled curls;
but Clément, without ever showing that he thought about himself and his
dress, was always dainty and elegant, even though his clothes were
sometimes but thread-bare. He used to be dressed in a kind of hunter’s
green suit, open at the neck and half-way down the chest to beautiful
old lace frills; his long golden curls fell behind just like a girl’s,
and his hair in front was cut over his straight dark eyebrows in a line
almost as straight. Urian learnt more of a gentleman’s carefulness and
propriety of appearance from that lad in two months than he had done in
years from all my lectures. I recollect one day, when the two boys were
in full romp--and, my window being open, I could hear them
perfectly--and Urian was daring Clément some scrambling or climbing,
which Clément refused to undertake, but in a hesitating way, as though
he longed to do it if some reason had not stood in the way; and at
times, Urian, who was hasty and thoughtless, poor fellow, told Clément
that he was afraid. ‘Fear!’ said the French boy, drawing himself up;
‘you do not know what you say. If you will be here at six to-morrow
morning, when it is only just light, I will take that starling’s nest on
the top of yonder chimney.’ ‘But why not now, Clément?’ said Urian,
putting his arm round Clément’s neck. ‘Why then, and not now, just when
we are in the humour for it?’ ‘Because we De Créquys are poor, and my
mother cannot afford me another suit of clothes this year, and yonder
stone carving is all jagged, and would tear my coat and breeches. Now,
to-morrow morning I could go up with nothing on but an old shirt.’

“‘But you would tear your legs?’

“‘My race do not care for pain,’ said the boy, drawing himself from
Urian’s arm, and walking a few steps away, with a becoming pride and
reserve; for he was hurt at being spoken to as if he were afraid, and
annoyed at having to confess the true reason for declining the feat. But
Urian was not to be thus baffled. He went up to Clément, and put his arm
once more about his neck, and I could see the two lads as they walked
down the terrace away from the hôtel windows: first Urian spoke eagerly,
looking with imploring fondness into Clément’s face, which sought the
ground, till at last the French boy spoke, and by-and-by his arm was
round Urian too, and they paced backwards and forwards in deep talk, but
gravely, as became men, rather than boys.

“All at once, from the little chapel at the corner of the large garden
belonging to the Missions Etrangères, I heard the tinkle of the little
bell, announcing the elevation of the host. Down on his knees went
Clément, hands crossed, eyes bent down: while Urian stood looking on in
respectful thought.

“What a friendship that might have been! I never dream of Urian without
seeing Clément too,--Urian speaks to me, or does something,--but Clément
only flits round Urian, and never seems to see any one else!

“But I must not forget to tell you, that the next morning, before he was
out of his room, a footman of Madam de Créquy’s brought Urian the
starling’s nest.

“Well! we came back to England, and the boys were to correspond; and
Madame de Créquy and I exchanged civilities; and Urian went to sea.

“After that, all seemed to drop away. I cannot tell you all. However, to
confine myself to the De Créquys. I had a letter from Clément; I knew he
felt his friend’s death deeply; but I should never have learnt it from
the letter he sent. It was formal, and seemed like chaff to my hungering
heart. Poor fellow! I dare say he had found it hard to write. What could
he--or any one--say to a mother who has lost her child? The world does
not think so, and, in general, one must conform to the customs of the
world; but, judging from my own experience, I should say that reverent
silence at such times is the tenderest balm. Madame de Créquy wrote
too. But I knew she could not feel my loss so much as Clément, and
therefore her letter was not such a disappointment. She and I went on
being civil and polite in the way of commissions, and occasionally
introducing friends to each other, for a year or two, and then we ceased
to have any intercourse. Then the terrible revolution came. No one who
did not live at those times can imagine the daily expectation of
news,--the hourly terror of rumours affecting the fortunes and lives of
those whom most of us had known as pleasant hosts, receiving us with
peaceful welcome in their magnificent houses. Of course, there was sin
enough and suffering enough behind the scenes; but we English visitors
to Paris had seen little or nothing of that,--and I had sometimes
thought, indeed, how even Death seemed loth to choose his victims out of
that brilliant throng whom I had known. Madame de Créquy’s one boy
lived; while three out of my six were gone since we had met! I do not
think all lots are equal, even now that I know the end of her hopes; but
I do say, that whatever our individual lot is, it is our duty to accept
it, without comparing it with that of others.

“The times were thick with gloom and terror. ‘What next?’ was the
question we asked of every one who brought us news from Paris. Where
were these demons hidden when, so few years ago, we danced and feasted,
and enjoyed the brilliant salons and the charming friendships of Paris?

“One evening, I was sitting alone in Saint James’ Square; my lord off at
the club with Mr. Fox and others: he had left me, thinking that I should
go to one of the many places to which I had been invited for that
evening; but I had no heart to go anywhere, for it was poor Urian’s
birthday, and I had not even rung for lights, though the day was fast
closing in, but was thinking over all his pretty ways, and on his warm
affectionate nature, and how often I had been too hasty in speaking to
him, for all I loved him so dearly; and how I seemed to have neglected
and dropped his dear friend Clément, who might even now be in need of
help in that cruel, bloody Paris. I say I was thinking reproachfully of
all this, and particularly of Clément de Créquy in connection with
Urian, when Fenwick brought me a note, sealed with a coat-of-arms I knew
well, though I could not remember at the moment where I had seen it. I
puzzled over it, as one does sometimes, for a minute or more, before I
opened the letter. In a moment I saw it was from Clément de Créquy. ‘My
mother is here,’ he said: ‘she is very ill, and I am bewildered in this
strange country. May I entreat you to receive me for a few minutes?’
The bearer of the note was the woman of the house where they lodged. I
had her brought up into the anteroom, and questioned her myself, while
my carriage was being brought round. They had arrived in London a
fortnight or so before: she had not known their quality, judging them
(according to her kind) by their dress and their luggage; poor enough,
no doubt. The lady had never left her bed-room since her arrival; the
young man waited upon her, did everything for her, never left her, in
fact; only she (the messenger) had promised to stay within call, as soon
as she returned, while he went out somewhere. She could hardly
understand him, he spoke English so badly. He had never spoken it, I
dare say, since he had talked to my Urian.”


“In the hurry of the moment I scarce knew what I did. I bade the
housekeeper put up every delicacy she had, in order to tempt the
invalid, whom yet I hoped to bring back with me to our house. When the
carriage was ready, I took the good woman with me to show us the exact
way, which my coachman professed not to know; for, indeed, they were
staying at but a poor kind of place at the back of Leicester Square, of
which they had heard, as Clément told me afterwards, from one of the
fishermen who had carried them across from the Dutch coast in their
disguises as a Friesland peasant and his mother. They had some jewels of
value concealed round their persons; but their ready money was all spent
before I saw them, and Clément had been unwilling to leave his mother,
even for the time necessary to ascertain the best mode of disposing of
the diamonds. For, overcome with distress of mind and bodily fatigue,
she had reached London only to take to her bed in a sort of low,
nervous fever, in which her chief and only idea seemed to be, that
Clément was about to be taken from her to some prison or other; and if
he were out of her sight, though but for a minute, she cried like a
child, and could not be pacified or comforted. The landlady was a kind,
good woman, and though she but half understood the case, she was truly
sorry for them, as foreigners, and the mother sick in a strange land.

“I sent her forwards to request permission for my entrance. In a moment
I saw Clément--a tall, elegant young man, in a curious dress of coarse
cloth, standing at the open door of a room, and evidently--even before
he accosted me--striving to soothe the terrors of his mother inside. I
went towards him, and would have taken his hand, but he bent down and
kissed mine.

“‘May I come in, madame?’ I asked, looking at the poor sick lady, lying
in the dark, dingy bed, her head propped up on coarse and dirty pillows,
and gazing with affrighted eyes at all that was going on.

“‘Clément! Clément! come to me!’ she cried; and when he went to the
bedside she turned on one side, and took his hand in both of hers, and
began stroking it, and looking up in his face. I could scarce keep back
my tears.

“He stood there quite still, except that from time to time he spoke to
her in a low tone. At last I advanced into the room, so that I could
talk to him, without renewing her alarm. I asked for the doctor’s
address; for I had heard that they had called in some one, at their
landlady’s recommendation: but I could hardly understand Clément’s
broken English, and mispronunciation of our proper names, and was
obliged to apply to the woman herself. I could not say much to Clément,
for his attention was perpetually needed by his mother, who never seemed
to perceive that I was there. But I told him not to fear, however long I
might be away, for that I would return before night; and, bidding the
woman take charge of all the heterogeneous things the housekeeper had
put up, and leaving one of my men in the house, who could understand a
few words of French, with directions that he was to hold himself at
Madame de Créquy’s orders until I sent or gave him fresh commands, I
drove off to the doctor’s. What I wanted was his permission to remove
Madame de Créquy to my own house, and to learn how it best could be
done; for I saw that every movement in the room, every sound, except
Clément’s voice, brought on a fresh access of trembling and nervous

“The doctor was, I should think, a clever man; but he had that kind of
abrupt manner which people get who have much to do with the lower

“I told him the story of his patient, the interest I had in her, and the
wish I entertained of removing her to my own house.

“‘It can’t be done,’ said he. ‘Any change will kill her.’

“‘But it must be done,’ I replied. ‘And it shall not kill her.’

“‘Then I have nothing more to say,’ said he, turning away from the
carriage-door, and making as though he would go back into the house.

“‘Stop a moment. You must help me; and, if you do, you shall have reason
to be glad, for I will give you fifty pounds down with pleasure. If you
won’t do it, another shall.’

“He looked at me, then (furtively) at the carriage, hesitated, and then
said: ‘You do not mind expense, apparently. I suppose you are a rich
lady of quality. Such folks will not stick at such trifles as the life
or death of a sick woman to get their own way. I suppose, I must e’en
help you, for if I don’t, another will.’

“I did not mind what he said, so that he would assist me. I was pretty
sure that she was in a state to require opiates; and I had not forgotten
Christopher Sly, you may be sure, so I told him what I had in my head.
That in the dead of night,--the quiet time in the streets,--she should
be carried in a hospital litter, softly and warmly covered over, from
the Leicester Square lodging-house to rooms that I would have in perfect
readiness for her. As I planned, so it was done. I let Clément know, by
a note, of my design. I had all prepared at home, and we walked about my
house as though shod with velvet, while the porter watched at the open
door. At last, through the darkness, I saw the lanterns carried by my
men, who were leading the little procession. The litter looked like a
hearse; on one side walked the doctor, on the other Clément: they came
softly and swiftly along. I could not try any farther experiment; we
dared not change her clothes; she was laid in the bed in the landlady’s
coarse night-gear, and covered over warmly, and left in the shaded,
scented room, with a nurse and the doctor watching by her, while I led
Clément to the dressing-room adjoining, in which I had had a bed placed
for him. Farther than that he would not go; and there I had refreshments
brought. Meanwhile, he had shown his gratitude by every possible action
(for we none of us dared to speak): he had kneeled at my feet, and
kissed my hand, and left it wet with his tears. He had thrown up his
arms to Heaven, and prayed earnestly, as I could see by the movement of
his lips. I allowed him to relieve himself by these dumb expressions, if
I may so call them,--and then I left him, and went to my own rooms to
sit up for my lord, and tell him what I had done.

“Of course, it was all right; and neither my lord nor I could sleep for
wondering how Madame de Créquy would bear her awakening. I had engaged
the doctor, to whose face and voice she was accustomed, to remain with
her all night: the nurse was experienced, and Clément was within call.
But it was with the greatest relief that I heard from my own woman, when
she brought me my chocolate, that Madame de Créquy (Monsieur had said)
had awakened more tranquil than she had been for many days. To be sure,
the whole aspect of the bed-chamber must have been more familiar to her
than the miserable place where I had found her, and she must have
intuitively felt herself among friends.

“My lord was scandalized at Clément’s dress, which, after the first
moment of seeing him, I had forgotten, in thinking of other things, and
for which I had not prepared Lord Ludlow. He sent for his own tailor,
and bade him bring patterns of stuffs, and engage his men to work night
and day till Clément could appear as became his rank. In short, in a few
days so much of the traces of their flight were removed, that we had
almost forgotten the terrible causes of it, and rather felt as if they
had come on a visit to us than that they had been compelled to fly their
country. Their diamonds, too, were sold well by my lord’s agents, though
the London shops were stocked with jewellery, and such portable
valuables, some of rare and curious fashion, which were sold for half
their real value by emigrants who could not afford to wait. Madame de
Créquy was recovering her health, although her strength was sadly gone,
and she would never be equal to such another flight, as the perilous one
which she had gone through, and to which she could not bear the
slightest reference. For some time things continued in this state;--the
De Créquys still our honoured visitors,--many houses besides our own,
even among our own friends, open to receive the poor flying nobility of
France, driven from their country by the brutal republicans, and every
freshly-arrived emigrant bringing new tales of horror, as if these
revolutionists were drunk with blood, and mad to devise new atrocities.
One day Clément;--I should tell you he had been presented to our good
King George and the sweet Queen, and they had accosted him most
graciously, and his beauty and elegance, and some of the circumstances
attendant on his flight, made him be received in the world quite like a
hero of romance: he might have been on intimate terms in many a
distinguished house, had he cared to visit much; but he accompanied my
lord and me with an air of indifference and languor, which I sometimes
fancied, made him be all the more sought after: Monkshaven (that was the
title my eldest son bore) tried in vain to interest him in all young
men’s sports. But no! it was the same through all. His mother took far
more interest in the on-dits of the London world, into which she was far
too great an invalid to venture, than he did in the absolute events
themselves, in which he might have been an actor. One day, as I was
saying, an old Frenchman of a humble class presented himself to our
servants, several of whom understood French; and, through Medlicott, I
learnt that he was in some way connected with the De Créquys; not with
their Paris-life; but I fancy he had been intendant of their estates in
the country; estates which were more useful as hunting-grounds than as
adding to their income. However, there was the old man; and with him,
wrapped round his person, he had brought the long parchment rolls, and
deeds relating to their property. These he would deliver up to none but
Monsieur de Créquy, the rightful owner; and Clément was out with
Monkshaven, so the old man waited; and when Clément came in, I told him
of the steward’s arrival, and how he had been cared for by my people.
Clément went directly to see him. He was a long time away, and I was
waiting for him to drive out with me, for some purpose or another, I
scarce know what, but I remember I was tired of waiting, and was just in
the act of ringing the bell to desire that he might be reminded of his
engagement with me, when he came in, his face as white as the powder in
his hair, his beautiful eyes dilated with horror. I saw that he had
heard something that touched him even more closely than the usual tales
which every fresh emigrant brought.

“‘What is it, Clément?’ I asked.

“He clasped his hands, and looked as though he tried to speak, but could
not bring out the words.

“‘They have guillotined my uncle!’ said he at last. Now, I knew that
there was a Count de Créquy; but I had always understood that the elder
branch held very little communication with him; in fact, that he was a
vaurien of some kind, and rather a disgrace than otherwise to the
family. So, perhaps, I was hard-hearted; but I was a little surprised at
this excess of emotion, till I saw that peculiar look in his eyes that
many people have when there is more terror in their hearts than they
dare put into words. He wanted me to understand something without his
saying it; but how could I? I had never heard of a Mademoiselle de

“‘Virginie!’ at last he uttered. In an instant I understood it all, and
remembered that, if Urian had lived, he too might have been in love.

“‘Your uncle’s daughter?’ I inquired.

“‘My cousin,’ he replied.

“I did not say, ‘your betrothed,’ but I had no doubt of it. I was
mistaken, however.

“‘O madame!’ he continued, ‘her mother died long ago--her father
now--and she is in daily fear,--alone, deserted----’

“‘Is she in the Abbaye?’ asked I.

“‘No! She is in hiding with the widow of her father’s old concièrge. Any
day they may search the house for aristocrats. They are seeking them
everywhere. Then, not her life alone, but that of the old woman, her
hostess, is sacrificed. The old woman knows this, and trembles with
fear. Even if she is brave enough to be faithful, her fears would betray
her, should the house be searched. Yet, there is no one to help Virginie
to escape. She is alone in Paris.’

“I saw what was in his mind. He was fretting and chafing to go to his
cousin’s assistance; but the thought of his mother restrained him. I
would not have kept back Urian from such an errand at such a time. How
should I restrain him? And yet, perhaps, I did wrong in not urging the
chances of danger more. Still, if it was danger to him, was it not the
same or even greater danger to her?--for the French spared neither age
nor sex in those wicked days of terror. So I rather fell in with his
wish, and encouraged him to think how best and most prudently it might
be fulfilled; never doubting, as I have said, that he and his cousin
were troth-plighted.

“But when I went to Madame de Créquy--after he had imparted his, or
rather our plan to her--I found out my mistake. She, who was in general
too feeble to walk across the room save slowly, and with a stick, was
going from end to end with quick, tottering steps; and, if now and then
she sank upon a chair, it seemed as if she could not rest, for she was
up again in a moment, pacing along, wringing her hands, and speaking
rapidly to herself. When she saw me, she stopped: ‘Madame,’ she said,
‘you have lost your own boy. You might have left me mine.’

“I was so astonished--I hardly knew what to say. I had spoken to Clément
as if his mother’s consent were secure (as I had felt my own would have
been if Urian had been alive to ask it). Of course, both he and I knew
that his mother’s consent must be asked and obtained, before he could
leave her to go on such an undertaking; but, somehow, my blood always
rose at the sight or sound of danger; perhaps, because my life had been
so peaceful. Poor Madame de Créquy! it was otherwise with her; she
despaired while I hoped, and Clément trusted.

“‘Dear Madame de Créquy,’ said I, ‘he will return safely to us; every
precaution shall be taken, that either he or you, or my lord, or
Monkshaven can think of; but he cannot leave a girl--his nearest
relation save you--his betrothed, is she not?’

“‘His betrothed!’ cried she, now at the utmost pitch of her excitement.
‘Virginie betrothed to Clément?--no! thank heaven, not so bad as that!
Yet it might have been. But Mademoiselle scorned my son! She would have
nothing to do with him. Now is the time for him to have nothing to do
with her!’

“Clément had entered at the door behind his mother as she thus spoke.
His face was set and pale, till it looked as gray and immovable as if it
had been carved in stone. He came forward and stood before his mother.
She stopped her walk, threw back her haughty head, and the two looked
each other steadily in the face. After a minute or two in this attitude,
her proud and resolute gaze never flinching or wavering, he went down
upon one knee, and, taking her hand--her hard, stony hand, which never
closed on his, but remained straight and stiff:

“‘Mother,’ he pleaded, ‘withdraw your prohibition. Let me go!’

“‘What were her words?’ Madame de Créquy replied, slowly, as if forcing
her memory to the extreme of accuracy. ‘My cousin,’ she said, ‘when I
marry, I marry a man, not a petit-maître. I marry a man who, whatever
his rank may be, will add dignity to the human race by his virtues, and
not be content to live in an effeminate court on the traditions of past
grandeur.’ She borrowed her words from the infamous Jean-Jacques
Rousseau, the friend of her scarce less infamous father,--nay! I will
say it,--if not her words, she borrowed her principles. And my son to
request her to marry him!’

“‘It was my father’s written wish,’ said Clément.

“‘But did you not love her? You plead your father’s words,--words
written twelve years before,--and as if that were your reason for being
indifferent to my dislike to the alliance. But you requested her to
marry you,--and she refused you with insolent contempt; and now you are
ready to leave me,--leave me desolate in a foreign land--’

“‘Desolate! my mother! and the Countess Ludlow stands there!’

“‘Pardon, madame! But all the earth, though it were full of kind hearts,
is but a desolation and a desert place to a mother when her only child
is absent. And you, Clément, would leave me for this Virginie,--this
degenerate De Créquy, tainted with the atheism of the Encyclopédistes!
She is only reaping some of the fruit of the harvest whereof her friends
have sown the seed. Let her alone! Doubtless she has friends--it may be
lovers--among these demons, who, under the cry of liberty, commit every
licence. Let her alone, Clément! She refused you with scorn: be too
proud to notice her now.’

“‘Mother, I cannot think of myself; only of her.’

“‘Think of me, then! I, your mother, forbid you to go.’

“Clément bowed low, and went out of the room instantly, as one blinded.
She saw his groping movement, and, for an instant, I think her heart was
touched. But she turned to me, and tried to exculpate her past violence
by dilating upon her wrongs, and they certainly were many. The Count,
her husband’s younger brother, had invariably tried to make mischief
between husband and wife. He had been the cleverer man of the two, and
had possessed extraordinary influence over her husband. She suspected
him of having instigated that clause in her husband’s will, by which the
Marquis expressed his wish for the marriage of the cousins. The Count
had had some interest in the management of the De Créquy property
during her son’s minority. Indeed, I remembered then, that it was
through Count de Créquy that Lord Ludlow had first heard of the
apartment which we afterwards took in the Hôtel de Créquy; and then the
recollection of a past feeling came distinctly out of the mist, as it
were; and I called to mind how, when we first took up our abode in the
Hôtel de Créquy, both Lord Ludlow and I imagined that the arrangement
was displeasing to our hostess; and how it had taken us a considerable
time before we had been able to establish relations of friendship with
her. Years after our visit, she began to suspect that Clément (whom she
could not forbid to visit at his uncle’s house, considering the terms on
which his father had been with his brother; though she herself never set
foot over the Count de Créquy’s threshold) was attaching himself to
Mademoiselle, his cousin; and she made cautious inquiries as to the
appearance, character, and disposition of the young lady. Mademoiselle
was not handsome, they said; but of a fine figure, and generally
considered as having a very noble and attractive presence. In character
she was daring and wilful (said one set); original and independent (said
another). She was much indulged by her father, who had given her
something of a man’s education, and selected for her intimate friend a
young lady below her in rank, one of the Bureaucracie, a Mademoiselle
Necker, daughter of the Minister of Finance. Mademoiselle de Créquy was
thus introduced into all the free-thinking salons of Paris; among people
who were always full of plans for subverting society. ‘And did Clément
affect such people?’ Madame de Créquy had asked, with some anxiety. No!
Monsieur de Créquy had neither eyes nor ears, nor thought for anything
but his cousin, while she was by. And she? She hardly took notice of his
devotion, so evident to every one else. The proud creature! But perhaps
that was her haughty way of concealing what she felt. And so Madame de
Créquy listened, and questioned, and learnt nothing decided, until one
day she surprised Clément with the note in his hand, of which she
remembered the stinging words so well, in which Virginie had said, in
reply to a proposal Clément had sent her through her father, that ‘When
she married she married a man, not a petit-maître.’

“Clément was justly indignant at the insulting nature of the answer
Virginie had sent to a proposal, respectful in its tone, and which was,
after all, but the cool, hardened lava over a burning heart. He
acquiesced in his mother’s desire, that he should not again present
himself in his uncle’s salons; but he did not forget Virginie, though
he never mentioned her name.

“Madame de Créquy and her son were among the earliest proscrits, as they
were of the strongest possible royalists, and aristocrats, as it was the
custom of the horrid Sansculottes to term those who adhered to the
habits of expression and action in which it was their pride to have been
educated. They had left Paris some weeks before they had arrived in
England, and Clément’s belief at the time of quitting the Hôtel de
Créquy had certainly been, that his uncle was not merely safe, but
rather a popular man with the party in power. And, as all communication
having relation to private individuals of a reliable kind was
intercepted, Monsieur de Créquy had felt but little anxiety for his
uncle and cousin, in comparison with what he did for many other friends
of very different opinions in politics, until the day when he was
stunned by the fatal information that even his progressive uncle was
guillotined, and learnt that his cousin was imprisoned by the licence of
the mob, whose rights (as she called them) she was always advocating.

“When I had heard all this story, I confess I lost in sympathy for
Clément what I gained for his mother. Virginie’s life did not seem to me
worth the risk that Clément’s would run. But when I saw him--sad,
depressed, nay, hopeless--going about like one oppressed by a heavy
dream which he cannot shake off; caring neither to eat, drink, nor
sleep, yet bearing all with silent dignity, and even trying to force a
poor, faint smile when he caught my anxious eyes; I turned round again,
and wondered how Madame de Créquy could resist this mute pleading of her
son’s altered appearance. As for my Lord Ludlow and Monkshaven, as soon
as they understood the case, they were indignant that any mother should
attempt to keep a son out of honourable danger; and it was honourable,
and a clear duty (according to them) to try to save the life of a
helpless orphan girl, his next of kin. None but a Frenchman, said my
lord, would hold himself bound by an old woman’s whimsies and fears,
even though she were his mother. As it was, he was chafing himself to
death under the restraint. If he went, to be sure, the ---- wretches
might make an end of him, as they had done of many a fine fellow; but my
lord would take heavy odds that, instead of being guillotined, he would
save the girl, and bring her safe to England, just desperately in love
with her preserver, and then we would have a jolly wedding down at
Monkshaven. My lord repeated his opinion so often, that it became a
certain prophecy in his mind of what was to take place; and, one day
seeing Clément look even paler and thinner than he had ever done
before, he sent a message to Madame de Créquy, requesting permission to
speak to her in private.

“‘For, by George!’ said he, ‘she shall hear my opinion, and not let that
lad of hers kill himself by fretting. He’s too good for that. If he had
been an English lad, he would have been off to his sweetheart long
before this, without saying with your leave or by your leave; but being
a Frenchman, he is all for Æneas and filial piety,--filial
fiddle-sticks!’ (My lord had run away to sea, when a boy, against his
father’s consent, I am sorry to say; and, as all had ended well, and he
had come back to find both his parents alive, I do not think he was ever
as much aware of his fault as he might have been under other
circumstances.) ‘No, my lady,’ he went on, ‘don’t come with me. A woman
can manage a man best when he has a fit of obstinacy, and a man can
persuade a woman out of her tantrums, when all her own sex, the whole
army of them, would fail. Allow me to go alone to my tête-à-tête with

“What he said, what passed, he never could repeat; but he came back
graver than he went. However, the point was gained; Madame de Créquy
withdrew her prohibition, and had given him leave to tell Clément as

“‘But she is an old Cassandra,’ said he. ‘Don’t let the lad be much with
her; her talk would destroy the courage of the bravest man; she is so
given over to superstition.’ Something that she had said had touched a
chord in my lord’s nature which he inherited from his Scotch ancestors.
Long afterwards, I heard what this was. Medlicott told me.

“However, my lord shook off all fancies that told against the fulfilment
of Clément’s wishes. All that afternoon we three sat together, planning;
and Monkshaven passed in and out, executing our commissions, and
preparing everything. Towards nightfall all was ready for Clément’s
start on his journey towards the coast.

“Madame had declined seeing any of us since my lord’s stormy interview
with her. She sent word that she was fatigued, and desired repose. But,
of course, before Clément set off, he was bound to wish her farewell,
and to ask for her blessing. In order to avoid an agitating conversation
between mother and son, my lord and I resolved to be present at the
interview. Clément was already in his travelling-dress, that of a Norman
fisherman, which Monkshaven had, with infinite trouble, discovered in
the possession of one of the emigrés who thronged London, and who had
made his escape from the shores of France in this disguise. Clément’s
plan was, to go down to the Coast of Sussex, and get some of the
fishing or smuggling boats to take him across to the French Coast near
Dieppe. There again he would have to change his dress. O, it was so well
planned! His mother was startled by his disguise (of which we had not
thought to forewarn her) as he entered her apartment. And either that,
or the being suddenly roused from the heavy slumber into which she was
apt to fall when she was left alone, gave her manner an air of wildness
that was almost like insanity.

“‘Go, go!’ she said to him, almost pushing him away as he knelt to kiss
her hand. ‘Virginie is beckoning to you, but you don’t see what kind of
a bed it is----’

“‘Clément, make haste!’ said my lord, in a hurried manner, as if to
interrupt madame. ‘The time is later than I thought, and you must not
miss the morning’s tide. Bid your mother good-bye at once, and let us be
off.’ For my lord and Monkshaven were to ride with him to an inn near
the shore, from whence he was to walk to his destination. My lord almost
took him by the arm to pull him away; and they were gone, and I was left
alone with Madame de Créquy. When she heard the horses’ feet, she seemed
to find out the truth, as if for the first time. She set her teeth
together. ‘He has left me for her!’ she almost screamed. ‘Left me for
her!’ she kept muttering; and then, as the wild look came back into her
eyes, she said, almost with exultation, ‘But I did not give him my


“All night Madame de Créquy raved in delirium. If I could, I would have
sent for Clément back again. I did send off one man, but I suppose my
directions were confused, or they were wrong, for he came back after my
lord’s return, on the following afternoon. By this time Madame de Créquy
was quieter: she was, indeed, asleep from exhaustion when Lord Ludlow
and Monkshaven came in. They were in high spirits, and their hopefulness
brought me round to a less dispirited state. All had gone well: they had
accompanied Clément on foot along the shore, until they had met with a
lugger, which my lord had hailed in good nautical language. The captain
had responded to these freemason terms by sending a boat to pick up his
passenger, and by an invitation to breakfast sent through a
speaking-trumpet. Monkshaven did not approve of either the meal or the
company, and had returned to the inn, but my lord had gone with Clément,
and breakfasted on board, upon grog, biscuit, fresh-caught fish--‘the
best breakfast he ever ate,’ he said, but that was probably owing to the
appetite his night’s ride had given him. However, his good fellowship
had evidently won the captain’s heart, and Clément had set sail under
the best auspices. It was agreed that I should tell all this to Madame
de Créquy, if she inquired; otherwise, it would be wiser not to renew
her agitation by alluding to her son’s journey.

“I sat with her constantly for many days; but she never spoke of
Clément. She forced herself to talk of the little occurrences of
Parisian society in former days: she tried to be conversational and
agreeable, and to betray no anxiety or even interest in the object of
Clément’s journey; and, as far as unremitting efforts could go, she
succeeded. But the tones of her voice were sharp and yet piteous, as if
she were in constant pain; and the glance of her eye hurried and
fearful, as if she dared not let it rest on any object.

“In a week we heard of Clément’s safe arrival on the French coast. He
sent a letter to this effect by the captain of the smuggler, when the
latter returned. We hoped to hear again; but week after week elapsed,
and there was no news of Clément. I had told Lord Ludlow, in Madame de
Créquy’s presence, as he and I had arranged, of the note I had received
from her son, informing us of his landing in France. She heard, but she
took no notice. Yet now, evidently, she began to wonder that we did not
mention any further intelligence of him in the same manner before her;
and daily I began to fear that her pride would give way, and that she
would supplicate for news before I had any to give her.

“One morning, on my awakening, my maid told me that Madame de Créquy had
passed a wretched night, and had bidden Medlicott (whom, as
understanding French, and speaking it pretty well, though with that
horrid German accent, I had put about her) request that I would go to
madame’s room as soon as I was dressed.

“I knew what was coming, and I trembled all the time they were doing my
hair, and otherwise arranging me. I was not encouraged by my lord’s
speeches. He had heard the message, and kept declaring that he would
rather be shot than have to tell her that there was no news of her son;
and yet he said, every now and then, when I was at the lowest pitch of
uneasiness, that he never expected to hear again: that some day soon we
should see him walking in, and introducing Mademoiselle de Créquy to us.

“However, at last I was ready, and go I must.

“Her eyes were fixed on the door by which I entered. I went up to the
bedside. She was not rouged,--she had left it off now for several
days,--she no longer attempted to keep up the vain show of not feeling,
and loving, and fearing.

“For a moment or two she did not speak, and I was glad of the respite.

“‘Clément?’ she said at length, covering her mouth with a handkerchief
the minute she had spoken, that I might not see it quiver.

“‘There has been no news since the first letter, saying how well the
voyage was performed, and how safely he had landed,--near Dieppe, you
know,’ I replied as cheerfully as possible. ‘My lord does not expect
that we shall have another letter; he thinks that we shall see him

“There was no answer. As I looked, uncertain whether to do or say more,
she slowly turned herself in bed, and lay with her face to the wall;
and, as if that did not shut out the light of day and the busy, happy
world enough, she put out her trembling hands, and covered her face with
her handkerchief. There was no violence: hardly any sound.

“I told her what my lord had said about Clément’s coming in some day,
and taking us all by surprise. I did not believe it myself, but it was
just possible,--and I had nothing else to say. Pity, to one who was
striving so hard to conceal her feelings, would have been impertinent.
She let me talk; but she did not reply. She knew that my words were vain
and idle, and had no root in my belief, as well as I did myself.

“I was very thankful when Medlicott came in with Madame’s breakfast, and
gave me an excuse for leaving.

“But I think that conversation made me feel more anxious and impatient
than ever. I felt almost pledged to Madame de Créquy for the fulfilment
of the vision I had held out. She had taken entirely to her bed by this
time; not from illness, but because she had no hope within her to stir
her up to the effort of dressing. In the same way she hardly cared for
food. She had no appetite,--why eat to prolong a life of despair? But
she let Medlicott feed her, sooner than take the trouble of resisting.

“And so it went on,--for weeks, months,--I could hardly count the time,
it seemed so long. Medlicott told me she noticed a preternatural
sensitiveness of ear in Madame de Créquy, induced by the habit of
listening silently for the slightest unusual sound in the house.
Medlicott was always a minute watcher of any one whom she cared about;
and, one day, she made me notice by a sign madame’s acuteness of
hearing, although the quick expectation was but evinced for a moment in
the turn of the eye, the hushed breath--and then, when the unusual
footstep turned into my lord’s apartments, the soft quivering sigh, and
the closed eyelids.

“At length the intendant of the De Créquy estates,--the old man, you
will remember, whose information respecting Virginie de Créquy first
gave Clément the desire to return to Paris,--came to St. James’s Square,
and begged to speak to me. I made haste to go down to him in the
housekeeper’s room, sooner than that he should be ushered into mine, for
fear of madame hearing any sound.

“The old man stood--I see him now--with his hat held before him in both
his hands; he slowly bowed till his face touched it when I came in. Such
long excess of courtesy augured ill. He waited for me to speak.

“‘Have you any intelligence?’ I inquired. He had been often to the house
before, to ask if we had received any news; and once or twice I had seen
him, but this was the first time he had begged to see me.

“‘Yes, madame,’ he replied, still standing with his head bent down, like
a child in disgrace.

“‘And it is bad!’ I exclaimed.

“‘It is bad.’ For a moment I was angry at the cold tone in which my
words were echoed; but directly afterwards I saw the large, slow, heavy
tears of age falling down the old man’s cheeks, and on to the sleeves
of his poor, thread-bare coat.

“I asked him how he had heard it: it seemed as though I could not all at
once bear to hear what it was. He told me that the night before, in
crossing Long Acre, he had stumbled upon an old acquaintance of his; one
who, like himself, had been a dependant upon the De Créquy family, but
had managed their Paris affairs, while Fléchier had taken charge of
their estates in the country. Both were now emigrants, and living on the
proceeds of such small available talents as they possessed. Fléchier, as
I knew, earned a very fair livelihood by going about to dress salads for
dinner parties. His compatriot, Le Fèbvre, had begun to give a few
lessons as a dancing-master. One of them took the other home to his
lodgings; and there, when their most immediate personal adventures had
been hastily talked over, came the inquiry from Fléchier as to Monsieur
de Créquy.

“‘Clément was dead--guillotined. Virginie was dead--guillotined.’

“When Fléchier had told me thus much, he could not speak for sobbing;
and I, myself, could hardly tell how to restrain my tears sufficiently,
until I could go to my own room and be at liberty to give way. He asked
my leave to bring in his friend Le Fèbvre, who was walking in the
square, awaiting a possible summons to tell his story. I heard
afterwards a good many details, which filled up the account, and made me
feel--which brings me back to the point I started from--how unfit the
lower orders are for being trusted indiscriminately with the dangerous
powers of education. I have made a long preamble, but now I am coming to
the moral of my story.”

My lady was trying to shake off the emotion which she evidently felt in
recurring to this sad history of Monsieur de Créquy’s death. She came
behind me, and arranged my pillows, and then, seeing I had been
crying--for, indeed, I was weak-spirited at the time, and a little
served to unloose my tears--she stooped down, and kissed my forehead,
and said “Poor child!” almost as if she thanked me for feeling that old
grief of hers.

“Being once in France, it was no difficult thing for Clément to get into
Paris. The difficulty in those days was to leave, not to enter. He came
in dressed as a Norman peasant, in charge of a load of fruit and
vegetables, with which one of the Seine barges was freighted. He worked
hard with his companions in landing and arranging their produce on the
quays; and then, when they dispersed to get their breakfasts at some of
the estaminets near the old Marché aux Fleurs, he sauntered up a street
which conducted him, by many an odd turn, through the Quartier Latin to
a horrid back alley, leading out of the Rue l’Ecole de Médécine; some
atrocious place, as I have heard, not far from the shadow of that
terrible Abbaye, where so many of the best blood of France awaited their
deaths. But here some old man lived on whose fidelity Clément thought
that he might rely. I am not sure if he had not been gardener in those
very gardens behind the Hôtel Créquy where Clément and Urian used to
play together years before. But, whatever the old man’s dwelling might
be, Clément was only too glad to reach it, you may be sure. He had been
kept in Normandy, in all sorts of disguises, for many days after landing
in Dieppe, through the difficulty of entering Paris unsuspected by the
many ruffians who were always on the look-out for aristocrats.

“The old gardener was, I believe, both faithful and tried, and sheltered
Clément in his garret as well as might be. Before he could stir out, it
was necessary to procure a fresh disguise; and one more in character
with an inhabitant of Paris than that of a Norman carter was procured;
and, after waiting in-doors for one or two days, to see if any suspicion
was excited, Clément set off to discover Virginie.

“He found her at the old concièrge’s dwelling. Madame Babette was the
name of this woman, who must have been a less faithful--or rather,
perhaps I should say, a more interested--friend to her guest than the
old gardener Jacques was to Clément.

“I have seen a miniature of Virginie, which a French lady of quality
happened to have in her possession at the time of her flight from Paris,
and which she brought with her to England unwittingly; for it belonged
to the Count de Créquy, with whom she was slightly acquainted. I should
fancy from it, that Virginie was taller and of a more powerful figure
for a woman than her cousin Clément was for a man. Her dark-brown hair
was arranged in short curls--the way of dressing the hair announced the
politics of the individual, in those days, just as patches did in my
grandmother’s time; and Virginie’s hair was not to my taste, or
according to my principles; it was too classical. Her large, black eyes
looked out at you steadily. One cannot judge of the shape of a nose from
a full-face miniature, but the nostrils were clearly cut and largely
opened. I do not fancy her nose could have been pretty; but her mouth
had a character all its own, and which would, I think, have redeemed a
plainer face. It was wide and deep set into the cheeks at the corners;
the upper lip was very much arched, and hardly closed over the teeth; so
that the whole face looked (from the serious, intent look in the eyes,
and the sweet intelligence of the month) as if she were listening
eagerly to something to which her answer was quite ready, and would come
out of those red, opening lips as soon as ever you had done speaking,
and you longed to know what she would say.

“Well; this Virginie de Créquy was living with Madame Babette in the
concièrgerie of an old French inn, somewhere to the north of Paris, so,
far enough from Clément’s refuge. The inn had been frequented by farmers
from Brittany and such kind of people, in the days when that sort of
intercourse went on between Paris and the provinces which had nearly
stopped now. Few Bretons came near it now, and the inn had fallen into
the hands of Madame Babette’s brother, as payment for a bad wine debt of
the last proprietor. He put his sister and her child in, to keep it
open, as it were, and sent all the people he could to occupy the
half-furnished rooms of the house. They paid Babette for their lodging
every morning as they went out to breakfast, and returned or not as they
chose, at night. Every three days, the wine-merchant or his son came to
Madame Babette, and she accounted to them for the money she had
received. She and her child occupied the porter’s office (in which the
lad slept at nights) and a little, miserable bed-room which opened out
of it, and received all the light and air that was admitted through the
door of communication, which was half glass. Madame Babette must have
had a kind of attachment for the De Créquys--her De Créquys, you
understand--Virginie’s father, the Count; for, at some risk to herself,
she had warned both him and his daughter of the danger impending over
them. But he, infatuated, would not believe, that his dear Human Race
could ever do him harm; and, as long as he did not fear, Virginie was
not afraid. It was by some ruse, the nature of which I never heard, that
Madame Babette induced Virginie to come to her abode at the very hour in
which the Count had been recognised in the streets, and hurried off to
the Lanterne. It was after Babette had got her there, safe shut up in
the little back den, that she told her what had befallen her father.
From that day, Virginie had never stirred out of the gates, or crossed
the threshold of the porter’s lodge. I do not say that Madame Babette
was tired of her continual presence, or regretted the impulse which had
made her rush to the De Créquy’s well-known house--after being compelled
to form one of the mad crowds that saw the Count de Créquy seized and
hung--and hurry his daughter out, through alleys and back-ways, until at
length she had the orphan safe in her own dark sleeping-room, and could
tell her tale of horror: but Madame Babette was poorly paid for her
porter’s work by her avaricious brother; and it was hard enough to find
food for herself and her growing boy; and, though the poor girl ate
little enough, I dare say, yet there seemed no end to the burthen that
Madame Babette had imposed upon herself: the De Créquys were plundered,
ruined, had become an extinct race, all but a lonely, friendless girl,
in broken health and spirits; and, though she lent no positive
encouragement to his suit, yet, at the time, when Clément reappeared in
Paris, Madame Babette was beginning to think that Virginie might do
worse than encourage the attentions of Monsieur Morin Fils, her nephew,
and the wine-merchant’s son. Of course, he and his father had the entrée
into the concièrgerie of the hôtel that belonged to them, in right of
being both proprietors and relations. The son, Morin, had seen Virginie
in this manner. He was fully aware that she was far above him in rank,
and guessed from her whole aspect that she had lost her natural
protectors by the terrible guillotine; but he did not know her exact
name or station, nor could he persuade his aunt to tell him. However, he
fell head over ears in love with her, whether she were princess or
peasant; and, though at first there was something about her which made
his passionate love conceal itself with shy, awkward reserve, and then,
made it only appear in the guise of deep, respectful devotion; yet,
by-and-by,--by the same process of reasoning I suppose that his aunt had
gone through even before him--Jean Morin began to let Hope oust Despair
from his heart. Sometimes he thought--perhaps years hence--that
solitary, friendless lady, pent up in squalor, might turn to him as to a
friend and comforter--and then--and then----. Meanwhile Jean Morin was
most attentive to his aunt; whom he had rather slighted before. He would
linger over the accounts; would bring her little presents; and, above
all, he made a pet and favourite of Pierre, the little cousin who could
tell him about all the ways of going on of Mam’selle Cannes, as Virginie
was called. Pierre was thoroughly aware of the drift and cause of his
cousin’s inquiries; and was his ardent partisan, as I have heard, even
before Jean Morin had exactly acknowledged his wishes to himself.

“It must have required some patience and much diplomacy, before Clément
de Créquy found out the exact place where his cousin was hidden. The old
gardener took the cause very much to heart; as, judging from my
recollections, I imagine he would have forwarded any fancy, however
wild, of Monsieur Clément’s. (I will tell you afterwards how I came to
know all these particulars so well.)

“After Clément’s return, on two succeeding days, from his dangerous
search, without meeting with any good result, Jacques entreated Monsieur
de Créquy to let him take it in hand. He represented that he, as
gardener for the space of twenty years and more at the Hôtel de Créquy,
had a right to be acquainted with all the successive concièrges at the
Count’s house; that he should not go among them as a stranger, but as an
old friend, anxious to renew pleasant intercourse; and that if the
Intendant’s story, which he had told Monsieur de Créquy in England, was
true, that Mademoiselle was in hiding at the house of a former
concièrge, why, something relating to her would surely drop out in the
course of conversation. So he persuaded Clément to remain in-doors,
while he set off on his round, with no apparent object but to gossip.

“At night he came home,--having seen Mademoiselle. He told Clément much
of the story relating to Madame Babette that I have told to you. Of
course, he had heard nothing of the ambitious hopes of Morin
Fils,--hardly of his existence, I should think. Madame Babette had
received him kindly; although, for some time, she had kept him standing
in the carriage gateway outside her door. But, on his complaining of the
draught and his rheumatism, she had asked him in: first looking round
with some anxiety, to see who was in the room behind her. No one was
there when he entered and sat down. But, in a minute or two, a tall,
thin young lady, with great, sad eyes, and pale cheeks, came from the
inner room, and, seeing him, retired. ‘It is Mademoiselle Cannes,’ said
Madame Babette, rather unnecessarily; for, if he had not been on the
watch for some sign of Mademoiselle de Créquy, he would hardly have
noticed the entrance and withdrawal.

“Clément and the good old gardener were always rather perplexed by
Madame Babette’s evident avoidance of all mention of the De Créquy
family. If she were so much interested in one member as to be willing to
undergo the pains and penalties of a domiciliary visit, it was strange
that she never inquired after the existence of her charge’s friends and
relations from one who might very probably have heard something of them.
They settled that Madame Babette must believe that the Marquise and
Clément were dead; and admired her for her reticence in never speaking
of Virginie. The truth was, I suspect, that she was so desirous of her
nephew’s success by this time, that she did not like letting any one
into the secret of Virginie’s whereabouts who might interfere with their
plan. However, it was arranged between Clément and his humble friend,
that the former, dressed in the peasant’s clothes in which he had
entered Paris, but smartened up in one or two particulars, as if,
although a countryman, he had money to spare, should go and engage a
sleeping-room in the old Bréton Inn; where, as I told you, accommodation
for the night was to be had. This was accordingly done, without exciting
Madame Babette’s suspicions, for she was unacquainted with the Normandy
accent, and consequently did not perceive the exaggeration of it which
Monsieur de Créquy adopted in order to disguise his pure Parisian. But
after he had for two nights slept in a queer, dark closet, at the end of
one of the numerous short galleries in the Hôtel Duguesclin, and paid
his money for such accommodation each morning at the little bureau under
the window of the concièrgerie, he found himself no nearer to his
object. He stood outside in the gateway: Madame Babette opened a pane in
her window, counted out the change, gave polite thanks, and shut to the
pane with a clack, before he could ever find out what to say that might
be the means of opening a conversation. Once in the streets, he was in
danger from the bloodthirsty mob, who were ready in those days to hunt
to death every one who looked like a gentleman, as an aristocrat: and
Clément, depend upon it, looked a gentleman, whatever dress he wore. Yet
it was unwise to traverse Paris to his old friend the gardener’s
grénier, so he had to loiter about, where I hardly know. Only he did
leave the Hôtel Duguesclin, and he did not go to old Jacques, and there
was not another house in Paris open to him. At the end of two days, he
had made out Pierre’s existence; and he began to try to make friends
with the lad. Pierre was too sharp and shrewd not to suspect something
from the confused attempts at friendliness. It was not for nothing that
the Norman farmer lounged in the court and doorway, and brought home
presents of galette. Pierre accepted the galette, reciprocated the civil
speeches, but kept his eyes open. Once, returning home pretty late at
night, he surprised the Norman studying the shadows on the blind, which
was drawn down when Madame Babette’s lamp was lighted. On going in, he
found Mademoiselle Cannes with his mother, sitting by the table, and
helping in the family mending.

“Pierre was afraid that the Norman had some view upon the money which
his mother, as concièrge, collected for her brother. But the money was
all safe next evening when his cousin, Monsieur Morin Fils, came to
collect it. Madame Babette asked her nephew to sit down, and skilfully
barred the passage to the inner door, so that Virginie, had she been
ever so much disposed, could not have retreated. She sat silently
sewing. All at once the little party were startled by a very sweet
tenor voice, just close to the street window, singing one of the airs
out of Beaumarchais’ operas, which, a few years before, had been popular
all over Paris. But after a few moments of silence, and one or two
remarks, the talking went on again. Pierre, however, noticed an
increased air of abstraction in Virginie, who, I suppose, was recurring
to the last time that she had heard the song, and did not consider, as
her cousin had hoped she would have done, what were the words set to the
air, which he imagined she would remember, and which would have told her
so much. For, only a few years before, Adam’s opera of Richard le Roi
had made the story of the Minstrel Blondel and our English Cœur de Lion
familiar to all the opera-going part of the Parisian public, and Clément
had bethought him of establishing a communication with Virginie by some
such means.

“The next night, about the same hour, the same voice was singing outside
the window again. Pierre, who had been irritated by the proceeding the
evening before, as it had diverted Virginie’s attention from his cousin,
who had been doing his utmost to make himself agreeable, rushed out to
the door, just as the Norman was ringing the bell to be admitted for the
night. Pierre looked up and down the street; no one else was to be seen.
The next day, the Norman mollified him somewhat by knocking at the door
of the concièrgerie, and begging Monsieur Pierre’s acceptance of some
knee-buckles, which had taken the country farmer’s fancy the day before,
as he had been gazing into the shops, but which, being too small for his
purpose, he took the liberty of offering to Monsieur Pierre. Pierre, a
French boy, inclined to foppery, was charmed, ravished by the beauty of
the present and with monsieur’s goodness, and he began to adjust them to
his breeches immediately, as well as he could, at least, in his mother’s
absence. The Norman, whom Pierre kept carefully on the outside of the
threshold, stood by, as if amused at the boy’s eagerness.

“‘Take care,’ said he, clearly and distinctly; ‘take care, my little
friend, lest you become a fop; and, in that case, some day, years hence,
when your heart is devoted to some young lady, she may be inclined to
say to you’---here he raised his voice--‘No, thank you; when I marry, I
marry a man, not a petit-maître; I marry a man, who, whatever his
position may be, will add dignity to the human race by his virtues.’
Farther than that in his quotation Clément dared not go. His sentiments
(so much above the apparent occasion) met with applause from Pierre, who
liked to contemplate himself in the light of a lover, even though it
should be a rejected one, and who hailed the mention of the words
‘virtues’ and ‘dignity of the human race’ as belonging to the cant of a
good citizen.

“But Clément was more anxious to know how the invisible lady took his
speech. There was no sign at the time. But when he returned at night, he
heard a voice, low singing, behind Madame Babette, as she handed him his
candle, the very air he had sung without effect for two nights past. As
if he had caught it up from her murmuring voice, he sang it loudly and
clearly as he crossed the court.

“‘Here is our opera-singer!’ exclaimed Madame Babette. ‘Why, the Norman
grazier sings like Boupré,’ naming a favourite singer at the
neighbouring theatre.

“Pierre was struck by the remark, and quietly resolved to look after the
Norman; but again, I believe, it was more because of his mother’s
deposit of money than with any thought of Virginie.

“However, the next morning, to the wonder of both mother and son,
Mademoiselle Cannes proposed, with much hesitation, to go out and make
some little purchase for herself. A month or two ago, this was what
Madame Babette had been never weary of urging. But now she was as much
surprised as if she had expected Virginie to remain a prisoner in her
rooms all the rest of her life. I suppose she had hoped that her first
time of quitting it would be when she left it for Monsieur’s Morin’s
house as his wife.

“A quick look from Madame Babette towards Pierre was all that was needed
to encourage the boy to follow her. He went out cautiously. She was at
the end of the street. She looked up and down, as if waiting for some
one. No one was there. Back she came, so swiftly that she nearly caught
Pierre before he could retreat through the porte-cochère. There he
looked out again. The neighbourhood was low and wild, and strange; and
some one spoke to Virginie,--nay, laid his hand upon her arm,--whose
dress and aspect (he had emerged out of a side-street) Pierre did not
know; but, after a start, and (Pierre could fancy) a little scream,
Virginie recognised the stranger, and the two turned up the side street
whence the man had come. Pierre stole swiftly to the corner of this
street; no one was there: they had disappeared up some of the alleys.
Pierre returned home to excite his mother’s infinite surprise. But they
had hardly done talking, when Virginie returned, with a colour and a
radiance in her face, which they had never seen there since her father’s


“I have told you that I heard much of this story from a friend of the
Intendant of the De Créquys, whom he met with in London. Some years
afterwards--the summer before my lord’s death--I was travelling with him
in Devonshire, and we went to see the French prisoners of war on
Dartmoor. We fell into conversation with one of them, whom I found out
to be the very Pierre of whom I had heard before, as having been
involved in the fatal story of Clément and Virginie, and by him I was
told much of their last days, and thus I learnt how to have some
sympathy with all those who were concerned in those terrible events;
yes, even with the younger Morin himself, on whose behalf Pierre spoke
warmly, even after so long a time had elapsed.

“For when the younger Morin called at the porter’s lodge, on the evening
of the day when Virginie had gone out for the first time after so many
months’ confinement to the concièrgerie, he was struck with the
improvement in her appearance. It seems to have hardly been that he
thought her beauty greater; for, in addition to the fact that she was
not beautiful, Morin had arrived at that point of being enamoured when
it does not signify whether the beloved one is plain or handsome--she
has enchanted one pair of eyes, which henceforward see her through their
own medium. But Morin noticed the faint increase of colour and light in
her countenance. It was as though she had broken through her thick cloud
of hopeless sorrow, and was dawning forth into a happier life. And so,
whereas during her grief, he had revered and respected it even to a
point of silent sympathy, now that she was gladdened, his heart rose on
the wings of strengthened hopes. Even in the dreary monotony of this
existence in his Aunt Babette’s concièrgerie, Time had not failed in his
work, and now, perhaps, soon he might humbly strive to help Time. The
very next day he returned--on some pretence of business--to the Hôtel
Duguesclin, and made his aunt’s room, rather than his aunt herself, a
present of roses and geraniums tied up in a bouquet with a tricolor
ribbon. Virginie was in the room, sitting at the coarse sewing she liked
to do for Madame Babette. He saw her eyes brighten at the sight of the
flowers: she asked his aunt to let her arrange them; he saw her untie
the ribbon, and with a gesture of dislike, throw it on the ground, and
give it a kick with her little foot, and even in this girlish manner of
insulting his dearest prejudices, he found something to admire.

“As he was coming out, Pierre stopped him. The lad had been trying to
arrest his cousin’s attention by futile grimaces and signs played off
behind Virginie’s back; but Monsieur Morin saw nothing but Mademoiselle
Cannes. However, Pierre was not to be baffled, and Monsieur Morin found
him in waiting just outside the threshold. With his finger on his lips,
Pierre walked on tiptoe by his companion’s side till they would have
been long past sight or hearing of the concièrgerie, even had the
inhabitants devoted themselves to the purposes of spying or listening.

“‘Chut!’ said Pierre, at last. ‘She goes out walking.’

“‘Well?’ said Monsieur Morin, half curious, half annoyed at being
disturbed in the delicious reverie of the future into which he longed to

“‘Well! It is not well. It is bad.’

“‘Why? I do not ask who she is, but I have my ideas. She is an
aristocrat. Do the people about here begin to suspect her?’

“‘No, no!’ said Pierre. ‘But she goes out walking. She has gone these
two mornings. I have watched her. She meets a man--she is friends with
him, for she talks to him as eagerly as he does to her--mamma cannot
tell who he is.’

“‘Has my aunt seen him?’

“‘No, not so much as a fly’s wing of him. I myself have only seen his
back. It strikes me like a familiar back, and yet I cannot think who it
is. But they separate with sudden darts, like two birds who have been
together to feed their young ones. One moment they are in close talk,
their heads together chuckotting the next he has turned up some
bye-street, and Mademoiselle Cannes is close upon me--has almost caught

“‘But she did not see you?’ inquired Monsieur Morin, in so altered a
voice that Pierre gave him one of his quick penetrating looks. He was
struck by the way in which his cousin’s features--always coarse and
common-place--had become contracted and pinched; struck, too, by the
livid look on his sallow complexion. But as if Morin was conscious of
the manner in which his face belied his feelings, he made an effort, and
smiled, and patted Pierre’s head, and thanked him for his intelligence,
and gave him a five-franc piece, and bade him go on with his
observations of Mademoiselle Cannes’ movements, and report all to him.

“Pierre returned home with a light heart, tossing up his five-franc
piece as he ran. Just as he was at the concièrgerie door, a great tall
man bustled past him, and snatched his money away from him, looking back
with a laugh, which added insult to injury. Pierre had no redress; no
one had witnessed the impudent theft, and if they had, no one to be seen
in the street was strong enough to give him redress. Besides, Pierre had
seen enough of the state of the streets of Paris at that time to know
that friends, not enemies, were required, and the man had a bad air
about him. But all these considerations did not keep Pierre from
bursting out into a fit of crying when he was once more under his
mother’s roof; and Virginie, who was alone there (Madame Babette having
gone out to make her daily purchases), might have imagined him pommeled
to death by the loudness of his sobs.

“‘What is the matter?’ asked she. ‘Speak, my child. What hast thou

“‘He has robbed me! he has robbed me!’ was all Pierre could gulp out.

“‘Robbed thee! and of what, my poor boy?’ said Virginie, stroking his
hair gently.

“‘Of my five-franc piece--of a five-franc piece,’ said Pierre,
correcting himself, and leaving out the word my, half fearful lest
Virginie should inquire how he became possessed of such a sum, and for
what services it had been given him. But, of course, no such idea came
into her head, for it would have been impertinent, and she was

“‘Wait a moment, my lad,’ and, going to the one small drawer in the
inner apartment, which held all her few possessions, she brought back a
little ring--a ring just with one ruby in it--which she had worn in the
days when she cared to wear jewels. ‘Take this,’ said she, ‘and run with
it to a jeweller’s. It is but a poor, valueless thing, but it will bring
you in your five francs at any rate. Go! I desire you.’

“‘But I cannot,’ said the boy, hesitating; some dim sense of honour
flitting through his misty morals.

“‘Yes; you must!’ she continued, urging him with her hand to the door.
‘Run! if it brings in more than five francs, you shall return the
surplus to me.’

“Thus tempted by her urgency, and, I suppose, reasoning with himself to
the effect that he might as well have the money, and then see whether he
thought it right to act as a spy upon her or not--the one action did not
pledge him to the other, nor yet did she make any conditions with her
gift--Pierre went off with her ring; and, after repaying himself his
five francs, he was enabled to bring Virginie back two more, so well had
he managed his affairs. But, although the whole transaction did not
leave him bound, in any way, to discover or forward Virginie’s wishes,
it did leave him pledged, according to his code, to act according to her
advantage, and he considered himself the judge of the best course to be
pursued to this end. And, moreover, this little kindness attached him to
her personally. He began to think how pleasant it would be to have so
kind and generous a person for a relation; how easily his troubles might
be borne if he had always such a ready helper at hand; how much he
should like to make her like him, and come to him for the protection of
his masculine power! First of all his duties, as her self-appointed
squire, came the necessity of finding out who her strange new
acquaintance was. Thus, you see, he arrived at the same end, viâ
supposed duty, that he was previously pledged to viâ interest. I fancy a
good number of us, when any line of action will promote our own
interest, can make ourselves believe that reasons exist which compel us
to it as a duty.

“In the course of a very few days, Pierre had so circumvented Virginie
as to have discovered that her new friend was no other than the Norman
farmer in a different dress. This was a great piece of knowledge to
impart to Morin. But Pierre was not prepared for the immediate physical
effect it had on his cousin. Morin sat suddenly down on one of the seats
in the Boulevards--it was there Pierre had met with him
accidentally--when he heard who it was that Virginie met. I do not
suppose the man had the faintest idea of any relationship or even
previous acquaintanceship between Clément and Virginie. If he thought of
anything beyond the mere fact presented to him, that his idol was in
communication with another, younger, handsomer man than himself, it must
have been that the Norman farmer had seen her at the concièrgerie, and
had been attracted by her, and, as was but natural, had tried to make
her acquaintance, and had succeeded. But, from what Pierre told me, I
should not think that even this much thought passed through Morin’s
mind. He seems to have been a man of rare and concentrated attachments;
violent, though restrained and undemonstrative passions; and, above all,
a capability of jealousy, of which his dark oriental complexion must
have been a type. I could fancy that if he had married Virginie, he
would have coined his life-blood for luxuries to make her happy; would
have watched over and petted her, at every sacrifice to himself, as long
as she would have been content to live for him alone. But, as Pierre
expressed it to me: ‘When I saw what my cousin was, when I learned his
nature too late, I perceived that he would have strangled a bird if she
whom he loved was attracted by it from him.’

“When Pierre had told Morin of his discovery, Morin sat down, as I have
said, quite suddenly, as if he had been shot. He found out that the
first meeting between the Norman and Virginie was no accidental,
isolated circumstance. Pierre was torturing him with his accounts of
daily rendezvous: if but for a moment, they were seeing each other every
day, sometimes twice a day. And Virginie could speak to this man, though
to himself she was so coy and reserved as hardly to utter a sentence.
Pierre caught these broken words while his cousin’s complexion grew more
and more livid, and then purple, as if some great effect were produced
on his circulation by the news he had just heard. Pierre was so startled
by his cousin’s wandering, senseless eyes, and otherwise disordered
looks, that he rushed into a neighbouring cabaret for a glass of
absinthe, which he paid for, as he recollected afterwards, with a
portion of Virginie’s five francs. By-and-by Morin recovered his natural
appearance; but he was gloomy and silent; and all that Pierre could get
out of him was, that the Norman farmer should not sleep another night at
the Hôtel Duguesclin, giving him such opportunities of passing and
repassing by the concièrgerie door. He was too much absorbed in his own
thoughts to repay Pierre the half-franc he had spent on the absinthe,
which Pierre perceived, and seems to have noted down in the ledger of
his mind as on Virginie’s balance of favour.

“Altogether, he was so much disappointed at his cousin’s mode of
receiving intelligence, which the lad thought worth another five-franc
piece at least; or, if not paid for in money, to be paid for in
open-mouthed confidence and expression of feeling, that he was for a
time, so far a partisan of Virginie’s--unconscious Virginie--against his
cousin, as to feel regret when the Norman returned no more to his
night’s lodging, and when Virginie’s eager watch at the crevice of the
closely-drawn blind ended only with a sigh of disappointment. If it had
not been for his mother’s presence at the time, Pierre thought he should
have told her all. But how far was his mother in his cousin’s confidence
as regarded the dismissal of the Norman?

“In a few days, however, Pierre felt almost sure that they had
established some new means of communication. Virginie went out for a
short time every day; but, though Pierre followed her as closely as he
could without exciting her observation, he was unable to discover what
kind of intercourse she held with the Norman. She went, in general, the
same short round among the little shops in the neighbourhood; not
entering any, but stopping at two or three. Pierre afterwards remembered
that she had invariably paused at the nosegays displayed in a certain
window, and studied them long; but, then, she stopped and looked at
caps, hats, fashions, confectionery (all of the humble kind common in
that quarter), so how should he have known that any particular
attraction existed among the flowers? Morin came more regularly than
ever to his aunt’s; but Virginie was apparently unconscious that she was
the attraction. She looked healthier and more hopeful than she had done
for months, and her manners to all were gentler and not so reserved.
Almost as if she wished to manifest her gratitude to Madame Babette for
her long continuance of a kindness, the necessity for which was nearly
ended, Virginie showed an unusual alacrity in rendering the old woman
any little service in her power, and evidently tried to respond to
Monsieur Morin’s civilities, he being Madame Babette’s nephew, with the
soft graciousness which must have made one of her principal charms; for
all who knew her speak of the fascination of her manners, so winning and
attentive to others, while yet her opinions, and often her actions, were
of so decided a character. For, as I have said, her beauty was by no
means great; yet every man who came near her seems to have fallen into
the sphere of her influence. Monsieur Morin was deeper than ever in love
with her during these last few days: he was worked up into a state
capable of any sacrifice, either of himself or others, so that he might
obtain her at last. He sat ‘devouring her with his eyes’ (to use
Pierre’s expression) whenever she could not see him; but, if she looked
towards him, he looked to the ground--anywhere--away from her, and
almost stammered in his replies if she addressed any question to him.

“He had been, I should think, ashamed of his extreme agitation on the
Boulevards, for Pierre thought that he absolutely shunned him for these
few succeeding days. He must have believed that he had driven the Norman
(my poor Clément!) off the field, by banishing him from his inn; and
thought that the intercourse between him and Virginie, which he had thus
interrupted, was of so slight and transient a character as to be
quenched by a little difficulty.

“But he appears to have felt that he made but little way, and he
awkwardly turned to Pierre for help--not yet confessing his love,
though; he only tried to make friends again with the lad after their
silent estrangement. And Pierre for some time did not choose to perceive
his cousin’s advances. He would reply to all the roundabout questions
Morin put to him respecting household conversations when he was not
present, or household occupations and tone of thought, without
mentioning Virginie’s name any more than his questioner did. The lad
would seem to suppose, that his cousin’s strong interest in their
domestic ways of going on was all on account of Madame Babette. At last
he worked his cousin up to the point of making him a confidant; and then
the boy was half frightened at the torrent of vehement words he had
unloosed. The lava came down with a greater rush for having been pent up
so long. Morin cried out his words in a hoarse, passionate voice,
clenched his teeth, his fingers, and seemed almost convulsed, as he
spoke out his terrible love for Virginie, which would lead him to kill
her sooner than see her another’s; and if another stepped in between him
and her!--and then he smiled a fierce, triumphant smile, but did not say
any more.

“Pierre was, as I said, half-frightened; but also half-admiring. This
was really love--a ‘grande passion,’---a really fine, dramatic
thing,--like the plays they acted at the little theatre yonder. He had a
dozen times the sympathy with his cousin now that he had had before, and
readily swore by the infernal gods, for they were far too enlightened to
believe in one God, or Christianity, or anything of the kind,--that he
would devote himself, body and soul, to forwarding his cousin’s views.
Then his cousin took him to a shop, and bought him a smart second-hand
watch, on which they scratched the word Fidélité, and thus was the
compact sealed. Pierre settled in his own mind, that if he were a woman,
he should like to be beloved as Virginie was, by his cousin, and that it
would be an extremely good thing for her to be the wife of so rich a
citizen as Morin Fils,--and for Pierre himself, too, for doubtless their
gratitude would lead them to give him rings and watches ad infinitum.

“A day or two afterwards, Virginie was taken ill. Madame Babette said it
was because she had persevered in going out in all weathers, after
confining herself to two warm rooms for so long; and very probably this
was really the cause, for, from Pierre’s account, she must have been
suffering from a feverish cold, aggravated, no doubt, by her impatience
at Madame Babette’s familiar prohibitions of any more walks until she
was better. Every day, in spite of her trembling, aching limbs, she
would fain have arranged her dress for her walk at the usual time; but
Madame Babette was fully prepared to put physical obstacles in her way,
if she was not obedient in remaining tranquil on the little sofa by the
side of the fire. The third day, she called Pierre to her, when his
mother was not attending (having, in fact, locked up Mademoiselle
Cannes’ out-of-door things).

“‘See, my child,’ said Virginie. ‘Thou must do me a great favour. Go to
the gardener’s shop in the Rue des Bons-Enfans, and look at the nosegays
in the window. I long for pinks; they are my favourite flower. Here are
two francs. If thou seest a nosegay of pinks displayed in the window, if
it be ever so faded,--nay, if thou seest two or three nosegays of pinks,
remember, buy them all, and bring them to me, I have so great a desire
for the smell.’ She fell back weak and exhausted. Pierre hurried out.
Now was the time; here was the clue to the long inspection of the
nosegay in this very shop.

“Sure enough, there was a drooping nosegay of pinks in the window.
Pierre went in, and, with all his impatience, he made as good a bargain
as he could, urging that the flowers were faded, and good for nothing.
At last he purchased them at a very moderate price. And now you will
learn the bad consequences of teaching the lower orders anything beyond
what is immediately necessary to enable them to earn their daily bread!
The silly Count de Créquy,--he who had been sent to his bloody rest, by
the very canaille of whom he thought so much,--he who had made Virginie
(indirectly, it is true) reject such a man as her cousin Clément, by
inflating her mind with his bubbles of theories,--this Count de Créquy
had long ago taken a fancy to Pierre, as he saw the bright sharp child
playing about his court-yard. Monsieur de Créquy had even begun to
educate the boy himself, to try to work out certain opinions of his into
practice,--but the drudgery of the affair wearied him, and, beside,
Babette had left his employment. Still the Count took a kind of interest
in his former pupil; and made some sort of arrangement by which Pierre
was to be taught reading and writing, and accounts, and Heaven knows
what besides,--Latin, I dare say. So Pierre, instead of being an
innocent messenger, as he ought to have been--(as Mr. Horner’s little
lad Gregson ought to have been this morning)--could read writing as well
as either you or I. So what does he do, on obtaining the nosegay, but
examine it well. The stalks of the flowers were tied up with slips of
matting in wet moss. Pierre undid the strings, unwrapped the moss, and
out fell a piece of wet paper, with the writing all blurred with
moisture. It was but a torn piece of writing-paper apparently, but
Pierre’s wicked mischievous eyes read what was written on it,--written
so as to look like a fragment,--‘Ready, every and any night at nine. All
is prepared. Have no fright. Trust one who, whatever hopes he might once
have had, is content now to serve you as a faithful cousin,’ and a place
was named, which I forget, but which Pierre did not, as it was
evidently the rendezvous. After the lad had studied every word, till he
could say it off by heart, he placed the paper where he had found it,
enveloped it in moss, and tied the whole up again carefully. Virginie’s
face coloured scarlet as she received it. She kept smelling at it, and
trembling: but she did not untie it, although Pierre suggested how much
fresher it would be if the stalks were immediately put into water. But
once, after his back had been turned for a minute, he saw it untied when
he looked round again, and Virginie was blushing, and hiding something
in her bosom.

“Pierre was now all impatience to set off and find his cousin. But his
mother seemed to want him for small domestic purposes even more than
usual; and he had chafed over a multitude of errands connected with the
Hôtel before he could set off and search for his cousin at his usual
haunts. At last the two met; and Pierre related all the events of the
morning to Morin. He said the note off word by word. (That lad this
morning had something of the magpie look of Pierre--it made me shudder
to see him, and hear him repeat the note by heart.) Then Morin asked him
to tell him all over again. Pierre was struck by Morin’s heavy sighs as
he repeated the story. When he came the second time to the note, Morin
tried to write the words down; but either he was not a good, ready
scholar, or his fingers trembled too much. Pierre hardly remembered,
but, at any rate, the lad had to do it, with his wicked reading and
writing. When this was done, Morin sat heavily silent. Pierre would have
preferred the expected outburst, for this impenetrable gloom perplexed
and baffled him. He had even to speak to his cousin to rouse him; and
when he replied, what he said had so little apparent connection with the
subject which Pierre had expected to find uppermost in his mind, that he
was half afraid that his cousin had lost his wits.

“‘My Aunt Babette is out of coffee.’

“‘I am sure I do not know,’ said Pierre.

“‘Yes, she is. I heard her say so. Tell her that a friend of mine has
just opened a shop in the Rue Saint Antoine, and that if she will join
me there in an hour, I will supply her with a good stock of coffee, just
to give my friend encouragement. His name is Antoine Meyer, Number One
hundred and Fifty, at the sign of the Cap of Liberty.’

“‘I could go with you now. I can carry a few pounds of coffee better
than my mother,’ said Pierre, all in good faith. He told me he should
never forget the look on his cousin’s face, as he turned round, and bade
him begone, and give his mother the message without another word. It
had evidently sent him home promptly to obey his cousin’s command.
Morin’s message perplexed Madame Babette.

“‘How could he know I was out of coffee?’ said she. ‘I am; but I only
used the last up this morning. How could Victor know about it?’

“‘I am sure I can’t tell,’ said Pierre, who by this time had recovered
his usual self-possession. ‘All I know is, that Monsieur is in a pretty
temper, and that if you are not sharp to your time at this Antoine
Meyer’s you are likely to come in for some of his black looks.’

“‘Well, it is very kind of him to offer to give me some coffee, to be
sure! But how could he know I was out?’

“Pierre hurried his mother off impatiently, for he was certain that the
offer of the coffee was only a blind to some hidden purpose on his
cousin’s part; and he made no doubt that when his mother had been
informed of what his cousin’s real intention was, he, Pierre, could
extract it from her by coaxing or bullying. But he was mistaken. Madame
Babette returned home, grave, depressed, silent, and loaded with the
best coffee. Some time afterwards he learnt why his cousin had sought
for this interview. It was to extract from her, by promises and
threats, the real name of Mam’selle Cannes, which would give him a clue
to the true appellation of The Faithful Cousin. He concealed this second
purpose from his aunt, who had been quite unaware of his jealousy of the
Norman farmer, or of his identification of him with any relation of
Virginie’s. But Madame Babette instinctively shrank from giving him any
information: she must have felt that, in the lowering mood in which she
found him,--his desire for greater knowledge of Virginie’s antecedents
boded her no good. And yet he made his aunt his confidante--told her
what she had only suspected before--that he was deeply enamoured of
Mam’selle Cannes, and would gladly marry her. He spoke to Madame Babette
of his father’s hoarded riches; and of the share which he, as partner,
had in them at the present time; and of the prospect of the succession
to the whole, which he had, as an only child. He told his aunt of the
provision for her (Madame Babette’s) life, which he would make on the
day when he married Mam’selle Cannes. And yet--and yet--Babette saw that
in his eye and look which made her more and more reluctant to confide in
him. By-and-by he tried threats. She should leave the concièrgerie, and
find employment where she liked. Still silence. Then he grew angry, and
swore that he would inform against her at the bureau of the Directory,
for harbouring an aristocrat; an aristocrat he knew Mademoiselle was,
whatever her real name might be. His aunt should have a domiciliary
visit, and see how she liked that. The officers of the Government were
the people for finding out secrets. In vain she reminded him that, by so
doing, he would expose to imminent danger the lady whom he had professed
to love. He told her, with a sullen relapse into silence after his
vehement outpouring of passion, never to trouble herself about that. At
last he wearied out the old woman, and, frightened alike of herself, and
of him, she told him all,--that Mam’selle Cannes was Mademoiselle
Virginie de Créquy, daughter of the Count of that name. Who was the
Count? Younger brother of the Marquis. Where was the Marquis? Dead long
ago, leaving a widow and child. A son? (eagerly). Yes, a son. Where was
he? Parbleu! how should she know?--for her courage returned a little as
the talk went away from the only person of the De Créquy family that she
cared about. But, by dint of some small glasses out of a bottle of
Antoine Meyer’s, she told him more about the De Créquys than she liked
afterwards to remember. For the exhilaration of the brandy lasted but a
very short time, and she came home, as I have said, depressed, with a
presentiment of coming evil. She would not answer Pierre, but cuffed
him about in a manner to which the spoilt boy was quite unaccustomed.
His cousin’s short, angry words, and sudden withdrawal of
confidence,--his mother’s unwonted crossness and fault-finding, all made
Virginie’s kind, gentle treatment more than ever charming to the lad. He
half resolved to tell her how he had been acting as a spy upon her
actions, and at whose desire he had done it. But he was afraid of Morin,
and of the vengeance which he was sure would fall upon him for any
breach of confidence. Towards half-past eight that evening--Pierre,
watching, saw Virginie arrange several little things--she was in the
inner room, but he sat where he could see her through the glazed
partition. His mother sat--apparently sleeping--in the great easy chair;
Virginie moved about softly, for fear of disturbing her. She made up one
or two little parcels of the few things she could call her own: one
packet she concealed about herself,--the others she directed, and left
on the shelf. “She is going,” thought Pierre, and (as he said in giving
me the account) his heart gave a spring, to think that he should never
see her again. If either his mother or his cousin had been more kind to
him, he might have endeavoured to intercept her; but as it was, he held
his breath, and when she came out he pretended to read, scarcely
knowing whether he wished her to succeed in the purpose which he was
almost sure she entertained, or not. She stopped by him, and passed her
hand over his hair. He told me that his eyes filled with tears at this
caress. Then she stood for a moment, looking at the sleeping Madame
Babette, and stooped down and softly kissed her on the forehead. Pierre
dreaded lest his mother should awake (for by this time the wayward,
vacillating boy must have been quite on Virginie’s side), but the brandy
she had drank made her slumber heavily. Virginie went. Pierre’s heart
beat fast. He was sure his cousin would try to intercept her; but how,
he could not imagine. He longed to run out and see the catastrophe,--but
he had let the moment slip; he was also afraid of reawakening his mother
to her unusual state of anger and violence.”


“Pierre went on pretending to read, but in reality listening with acute
tension of ear to every little sound. His perceptions became so
sensitive in this respect that he was incapable of measuring time, every
moment had seemed so full of noises, from the beating of his heart up to
the roll of the heavy carts in the distance. He wondered whether
Virginie would have reached the place of rendezvous, and yet he was
unable to compute the passage of minutes. His mother slept soundly: that
was well. By this time Virginie must have met the ‘faithful cousin:’ if,
indeed, Morin had not made his appearance.

“At length, he felt as if he could no longer sit still, awaiting the
issue, but must run out and see what course events had taken. In vain
his mother, half-rousing herself, called after him to ask whither he was
going: he was already out of hearing before she had ended her sentence,
and he ran on until stopped by the sight of Mademoiselle Cannes walking
along at so swift a pace that it was almost a run; while at her side,
resolutely keeping by her, Morin was striding abreast. Pierre had just
turned the corner of the street, when he came upon them. Virginie would
have passed him without recognising him, she was in such passionate
agitation, but for Morin’s gesture, by which he would fain have kept
Pierre from interrupting them. Then, when Virginie saw the lad, she
caught at his arm, and thanked God, as if in that boy of twelve or
fourteen she held a protector. Pierre felt her tremble from head to
foot, and was afraid lest she would fall, there where she stood, in the
hard rough street.

“‘Begone, Pierre!’ said Morin.

“‘I cannot,’ replied Pierre, who indeed was held firmly by Virginie.
‘Besides, I won’t,’ he added. ‘Who has been frightening Mademoiselle in
this way?’ asked he, very much inclined to brave his cousin at all

“‘Mademoiselle is not accustomed to walk in the streets alone,’ said
Morin, sulkily. ‘She came upon a crowd attracted by the arrest of an
aristocrat, and their cries alarmed her. I offered to take charge of her
home. Mademoiselle should not walk in these streets alone. We are not
like the cold-blooded people of the Faubourg Saint Germain.’

“Virginie did not speak. Pierre doubted if she heard a word of what they
were saying. She leant upon him more and more heavily.

“‘Will Mademoiselle condescend to take my arm?’ said Morin, with sulky,
and yet humble, uncouthness. I dare say he would have given worlds if he
might have had that little hand within his arm; but, though she still
kept silence, she shuddered up away from him, as you shrink from
touching a toad. He had said something to her during that walk, you may
be sure, which had made her loathe him. He marked and understood the
gesture. He held himself aloof while Pierre gave her all the assistance
he could in their slow progress homewards. But Morin accompanied her all
the same. He had played too desperate a game to be baulked now. He had
given information against the çi-devant Marquis de Créquy, as a returned
emigré, to be met with at such a time, in such a place. Morin had hoped
that all sign of the arrest would have been cleared away before Virginie
reached the spot--so swiftly were terrible deeds done in those days. But
Clément defended himself desperately: Virginie was punctual to a second;
and, though the wounded man was borne off to the Abbaye, amid a crowd of
the unsympathising jeerers who mingled with the armed officials of the
Directory, Morin feared lest Virginie had recognised him; and he would
have preferred that she should have thought that the ‘faithful cousin’
was faithless, than that she should have seen him in bloody danger on
her account. I suppose he fancied that, if Virginie never saw or heard
more of him, her imagination would not dwell on his simple
disappearance, as it would do if she knew what he was suffering for her

“At any rate, Pierre saw that his cousin was deeply mortified by the
whole tenor of his behaviour during their walk home. When they arrived
at Madame Babette’s, Virginie fell fainting on the floor; her strength
had but just sufficed for this exertion of reaching the shelter of the
house. Her first sign of restoring consciousness consisted in avoidance
of Morin. He had been most assiduous in his efforts to bring her round;
quite tender in his way, Pierre said; and this marked, instinctive
repugnance to him evidently gave him extreme pain. I suppose Frenchmen
are more demonstrative than we are; for Pierre declared that he saw his
cousin’s eyes fill with tears, as she shrank away from his touch, if he
tried to arrange the shawl they had laid under her head like a pillow,
or as she shut her eyes when he passed before her. Madame Babette was
urgent with her to go and lie down on the bed in the inner room; but it
was some time before she was strong enough to rise and do this.

“When Madame Babette returned from arranging the girl comfortably, the
three relations sat down in silence; a silence which Pierre thought
would never be broken. He wanted his mother to ask his cousin what had
happened. But Madame Babette was afraid of her nephew, and thought it
more discreet to wait for such crumbs of intelligence as he might think
fit to throw to her. But, after she had twice reported Virginie to be
asleep, without a word being uttered in reply to her whispers by either
of her companions, Morin’s powers of self-containment gave way.

“‘It is hard!’ he said.

“‘What is hard?’ asked Madame Babette, after she had paused for a time,
to enable him to add to, or to finish, his sentence, if he pleased.

“‘It is hard for a man to love a woman as I do,’ he went on. ‘I did not
seek to love her, it came upon me before I was aware--before I had ever
thought about it at all, I loved her better than all the world beside.
All my life before I knew her, seems a dull blank. I neither know nor
care for what I did before then. And now there are just two lives before
me. Either I have her, or I have not. That is all: but that is
everything. And what can I do to make her have me? Tell me, aunt,’ and
he caught at Madame Babette’s arm, and gave it so sharp a shake, that
she half screamed out, Pierre said, and evidently grew alarmed at her
nephew’s excitement.

“‘Hush, Victor!’ said she. ‘There are other women in the world, if this
one will not have you.’

“‘None other for me,’ he said, sinking back as if hopeless. ‘I am plain
and coarse, not one of the scented darlings of the aristocrats. Say that
I am ugly, brutish; I did not make myself so, any more than I made
myself love her. It is my fate. But am I to submit to the consequences
of my fate without a struggle? Not I. As strong as my love is, so strong
is my will. It can be no stronger,’ continued he, gloomily, ‘Aunt
Babette, you must help me--you must make her love me.’ He was so fierce
here, that Pierre said he did not wonder that his mother was frightened.

“‘I, Victor!’ she exclaimed. ‘I make her love you? How can I? Ask me to
speak for you to Mademoiselle Didot, or to Mademoiselle Cauchois even,
or to such as they, and I’ll do it, and welcome. But to Mademoiselle de
Créquy, why you don’t know the difference! Those people--the old
nobility I mean--why they don’t know a man from a dog, out of their own
rank! And no wonder, for the young gentlemen of quality are treated
differently to us from their very birth. If she had you to-morrow, you
would be miserable. Let me alone for knowing the aristocracy. I have
not been a concièrge to a duke and three counts for nothing. I tell you,
all your ways are different to her ways.’

“‘I would change “my ways,” as you call them.’

“‘Be reasonable, Victor.’

“‘No, I will not be reasonable, if by that you mean giving her up. I
tell you two lives are before me; one with her, one without her. But the
latter will be but a short career for both of us. You said, aunt, that
the talk went in the concièrgerie of her father’s hôtel, that she would
have nothing to do with this cousin whom I put out of the way to-day?’

“‘So the servants said. How could I know? All I know is, that he left
off coming to our hôtel, and that at one time before then he had never
been two days absent.’

“‘So much the better for him. He suffers now for having come between me
and my object--in trying to snatch her away out of my sight. Take you
warning, Pierre! I did not like your meddling to-night.’ And so he went
off, leaving Madame Babette rocking herself backwards and forwards, in
all the depression of spirits consequent upon the reaction after the
brandy, and upon her knowledge of her nephew’s threatened purpose

“In telling you most of this, I have simply repeated Pierre’s account,
which I wrote down at the time. But here what he had to say came to a
sudden break; for, the next morning, when Madame Babette rose, Virginie
was missing, and it was some time before either she, or Pierre, or
Morin, could get the slightest clue to the missing girl.

“And now I must take up the story as it was told to the Intendant
Fléchier by the old gardener Jacques, with whom Clément had been lodging
on his first arrival in Paris. The old man could not, I dare say,
remember half as much of what had happened as Pierre did; the former had
the dulled memory of age, while Pierre had evidently thought over the
whole series of events as a story--as a play, if one may call it
so--during the solitary hours in his after-life, wherever they were
passed, whether in lonely camp watches, or in the foreign prison where
he had to drag out many years. Clément had, as I said, returned to the
gardener’s garret after he had been dismissed from the Hôtel Duguesclin.
There were several reasons for his thus doubling back. One was, that he
put nearly the whole breadth of Paris between him and an enemy; though
why Morin was an enemy, and to what extent he carried his dislike or
hatred, Clément could not tell, of course. The next reason for returning
to Jacques was, no doubt, the conviction that, in multiplying his
residences, he multiplied the chances against his being suspected and
recognised. And then, again, the old man was in his secret, and his
ally, although perhaps but a feeble kind of one. It was through Jacques
that the plan of communication, by means of a nosegay of pinks, had been
devised; and it was Jacques who procured him the last disguise that
Clément was to use in Paris--as he hoped and trusted. It was that of a
respectable shopkeeper of no particular class; a dress that would have
seemed perfectly suitable to the young man who would naturedly have worn
it; and yet, as Clément put it on, and adjusted it--giving it a sort of
finish and elegance which I always noticed about his appearance, and
which I believed was innate in the wearer--I have no doubt it seemed
like the usual apparel of a gentleman. No coarseness of texture, nor
clumsiness of cut could disguise the nobleman of thirty descents, it
appeared; for immediately on arriving at the place of rendezvous, he was
recognised by the men placed there on Morin’s information to seize him.
Jacques, following at a little distance, with a bundle under his arm
containing articles of feminine disguise for Virginie, saw four men
attempt Clément’s arrest--saw him, quick as lightning, draw a sword
hitherto concealed in a clumsy stick--saw his agile figure spring to his
guard,--and saw him defend himself with the rapidity and art of a man
skilled in arms. But what good did it do? as Jacques piteously used to
ask, Monsieur Fléchier told me. A great blow from a heavy club on the
sword-arm of Monsieur de Créquy laid it helpless and immoveable by his
side. Jacques always thought that that blow came from one of the
spectators, who by this time had collected round the scene of the
affray. The next instant, his master,--his little marquis--was down
among the feet of the crowd, and though he was up again before he had
received much damage--so active and light was my poor Clément--it was
not before the old gardener had hobbled forwards, and, with many an
old-fashioned oath and curse, proclaimed himself a partizan of the
losing side--a follower of a çi-devant aristocrat. It was quite enough.
He received one or two good blows, which were, in fact, aimed at his
master; and then, almost before he was aware, he found his arms pinioned
behind him with a woman’s garter, which one of the viragos in the crowd
had made no scruple of pulling off in public, as soon as she heard for
what purpose it was wanted. Poor Jacques was stunned and unhappy,--his
master was out of sight, on before; and the old gardener scarce knew
whither they were taking him. His head ached from the blows which had
fallen upon it; it was growing dark,--June day though it was,--and when
first he seems to have become exactly aware of what had happened to him,
it was when he was turned into one of the larger rooms of the Abbaye, in
which all were put who had no other allotted place wherein to sleep. One
or two iron lamps hung from the ceiling by chains, giving a dim light
for a little circle. Jacques stumbled forwards over a sleeping body
lying on the ground. The sleeper wakened up enough to complain; and the
apology of the old man in reply caught the ear of his master, who, until
this time, could hardly have been aware of the straits and difficulties
of his faithful Jacques. And there they sat,--against a pillar, the
live-long night, holding one another’s hands, and each restraining
expressions of pain, for fear of adding to the other’s distress. That
night made them intimate friends, in spite of the difference of age and
rank. The disappointed hopes, the acute suffering of the present, the
apprehensions of the future, made them seek solace in talking of the
past. Monsieur de Créquy and the gardener found themselves disputing
with interest in which chimney of the stack the starling used to
build,--the starling whose nest Clément sent to Urian, you
remember,--and discussing the merits of different espalier-pears which
grew, and may grow still, in the old garden of the Hôtel de Créquy.
Towards morning both fell asleep. The old man wakened first. His frame
was deadened to suffering, I suppose, for he felt relieved of his pain;
but Clément moaned and cried in feverish slumber. His broken arm was
beginning to inflame his blood. He was, besides, much injured by some
kicks from the crowd as he fell. As the old man looked sadly on the
white, baked lips, and the flushed cheeks, contorted with suffering even
in his sleep, Clément gave a sharp cry, which disturbed his miserable
neighbours, all slumbering around in uneasy attitudes. They bade him
with curses be silent; and then turning round, tried again to forget
their own misery in sleep. For you see, the bloodthirsty canaille had
not been sated with guillotining and hanging all the nobility they could
find, but were now informing, right and left, even against each other;
and when Clément and Jacques were in the prison, there were few of
gentle blood in the place, and fewer still of gentle manners. At the
sound of the angry words and threats, Jacques thought it best to awaken
his master from his feverish uncomfortable sleep, lest he should provoke
more enmity; and, tenderly lifting him up, he tried to adjust his own
body, so that it should serve as a rest and a pillow for the younger
man. The motion aroused Clément, and he began to talk in a strange,
feverish way, of Virginie, too,--whose name he would not have breathed
in such a place had he been quite himself. But Jacques had as much
delicacy of feeling as any lady in the land, although, mind you, he knew
neither how to read nor write,--and bent his head low down, so that his
master might tell him in a whisper what messages he was to take to
Mademoiselle de Créquy, in case---- Poor Clément, he knew it must come
to that! No escape for him now, in Norman disguise or otherwise! Either
by gathering fever or guillotine, death was sure of his prey. Well! when
that happened, Jacques was to go and find Mademoiselle de Créquy, and
tell her that her cousin loved her at the last as he had loved her at
the first; but that she should never have heard another word of his
attachment from his living lips; that he knew he was not good enough for
her, his queen; and that no thought of earning her love by his devotion
had prompted his return to France, only that, if possible, he might have
the great privilege of serving her whom he loved. And then he went off
into rambling talk about petit-maîtres, and such kind of expressions,
said Jacques to Fléchier, the intendant, little knowing what a clue that
one word gave to much of the poor lad’s suffering.

“The summer morning came slowly on in that dark prison, and when Jacques
could look round--his master was now sleeping on his shoulder, still the
uneasy, starting sleep of fever,--he saw that there were many women
among the prisoners. (I have heard some of those who have escaped from
the prisons say, that the look of despair and agony that came into the
faces of the prisoners on first wakening, as the sense of their
situation grew upon them, was what lasted the longest in the memory of
the survivors. This look, they said, passed away from the women’s faces
sooner than it did from those of the men.)

“Poor old Jacques kept falling asleep, and plucking himself up again for
fear lest, if he did not attend to his master, some harm might come to
the swollen, helpless arm. Yet his weariness grew upon him in spite of
all his efforts, and at last he felt as if he must give way to the
irresistible desire, if only for five minutes. But just then there was a
bustle at the door. Jacques opened his eyes wide to look.

“‘The gaoler is early with breakfast,’ said some one, lazily.

“‘It is the darkness of this accursed place that makes us think it
early,’ said another.

“All this time a parley was going on at the door. Some one came in; not
the gaoler--a woman. The door was shut to and locked behind her. She
only advanced a step or two; for it was too sudden a change, out of the
light into that dark shadow, for any one to see clearly for the first
few minutes. Jacques had his eyes fairly open now; and was wide awake.
It was Mademoiselle de Créquy, looking bright, clear, and resolute. The
faithful heart of the old man read that look like an open page. Her
cousin should not die there on her behalf, without at least the comfort
of her sweet presence.

“‘Here he is,’ he whispered, as her gown would have touched him in
passing, without her perceiving him, in the heavy obscurity of the

“‘The good God bless you, my friend!’ she murmured, as she saw the
attitude of the old man, propped against a pillar, and holding Clément
in his arms, as if the young man had been a helpless baby, while one of
the poor gardener’s hands supported the broken limb in the easiest
position. Virginie sat down by the old man, and held out her arms.
Softly she moved Clément’s head to her own shoulder; softly she
transferred the task of holding the arm to herself. Clément lay on the
floor, but she supported him, and Jacques was at liberty to arise and
stretch and shake his stiff, weary old body. He then sat down at a
little distance, and watched the pair until he fell asleep. Clément had
muttered ‘Virginie,’ as they half-roused him by their movements out of
his stupor; but Jacques thought he was only dreaming; nor did he seem
fully awake when once his eyes opened, and he looked full at Virginie’s
face bending over him, and growing crimson under his gaze, though she
never stirred, for fear of hurting him if she moved. Clément looked in
silence, until his heavy eyelids came slowly down, and he fell into his
oppressive slumber again. Either he did not recognise her, or she came
in too completely as a part of his sleeping visions for him to be
disturbed by her appearance there.

“When Jacques awoke it was full daylight--at least as full as it would
ever be in that place. His breakfast--the gaol-allowance of bread and
vin ordinaire--was by his side. He must have slept soundly. He looked
for his master. He and Virginie had recognised each other now,--hearts,
as well as appearance. They were smiling into each other’s faces, as if
that dull, vaulted room in the grim Abbaye were the sunny gardens of
Versailles, with music and festivity all abroad. Apparently they had
much to say to each other; for whispered questions and answers never

“Virginie had made a sling for the poor broken arm; nay, she had
obtained two splinters of wood in some way, and one of their
fellow-prisoners--having, it appeared, some knowledge of surgery--had
set it. Jacques felt more desponding by far than they did, for he was
suffering from the night he had passed, which told upon his aged frame;
while they must have heard some good news, as it seemed to him, so
bright and happy did they look. Yet Clément was still in bodily pain and
suffering, and Virginie, by her own act and deed, was a prisoner in that
dreadful Abbaye, whence the only issue was the guillotine. But they were
together: they loved: they understood each other at length.

“When Virginie saw that Jacques was awake, and languidly munching his
breakfast, she rose from the wooden stool on which she was sitting, and
went to him, holding out both hands, and refusing to allow him to rise,
while she thanked him with pretty eagerness for all his kindness to
Monsieur. Monsieur himself came towards him,--following Virginie,--but
with tottering steps, as if his head was weak and dizzy, to thank the
poor old man, who, now on his feet, stood between them, ready to cry
while they gave him credit for faithful actions which he felt to have
been almost involuntary on his part,--for loyalty was like an instinct
in the good old days, before your educational cant had come up. And so
two days went on. The only event was the morning call for the victims, a
certain number of whom were summoned to trial every day. And to be tried
was to be condemned. Every one of the prisoners became grave, as the
hour for their summons approached. Most of the victims went to their
doom with uncomplaining resignation, and for awhile after their
departure there was comparative silence in the prison. But,
by-and-by,--so said Jacques,--the conversation or amusements began
again. Human nature cannot stand the perpetual pressure of such keen
anxiety, without an effort to relieve itself by thinking of something
else. Jacques said that Monsieur and Mademoiselle were for ever talking
together of the past days,--it was ‘Do you remember this?’ or, ‘Do you
remember that?’ perpetually. He sometimes thought they forgot where they
were, and what was before them. But Jacques did not, and every day he
trembled more and more as the list was called over.

“The third morning of their incarceration, the gaoler brought in a man
whom Jacques did not recognise, and therefore did not at once observe;
for he was waiting, as in duty bound, upon his master and his sweet
young lady (as he always called her in repeating the story). He thought
that the new introduction was some friend of the gaoler, as the two
seemed well acquainted, and the latter stayed a few minutes talking with
his visitor before leaving him in the prison. So Jacques was surprised
when, after a short time had elapsed, he looked round, and saw the
fierce stare with which the stranger was regarding Monsieur and
Mademoiselle de Créquy, as the pair sat at breakfast,--the said
breakfast being laid as well as Jacques knew how, on a bench fastened
into the prison wall,--Virginie sitting on her low stool, and Clément
half lying on the ground by her side, and submitting gladly to be fed by
her pretty white fingers; for it was one of her fancies, Jacques said,
to do all she could for him, in consideration of his broken arm. And,
indeed, Clément was wasting away daily; for he had received other
injuries, internal and more serious than that to his arm, during the
mélée which had ended in his capture. The stranger made Jacques
conscious of his presence by a sigh, which was almost a groan. All three
prisoners looked round at the sound. Clément’s face expressed little but
scornful indifference; but Virginie’s face froze into stony hate.
Jacques said he never saw such a look, and hoped that he never should
again. Yet after that first revelation of feeling, her look was steady
and fixed in another direction to that in which the stranger
stood,--still motionless--still watching. He came a step nearer at last.

“‘Mademoiselle,’ he said. Not the quivering of an eyelash showed that
she heard him. ‘Mademoiselle!’ he said again, with an intensity of
beseeching that made Jacques--not knowing who he was--almost pity him,
when he saw his young lady’s obdurate face.

“There was perfect silence for a space of time which Jacques could not
measure. Then again the voice, hesitatingly, saying, ‘Monsieur!’ Clément
could not hold the same icy countenance as Virginie; he turned his head
with an impatient gesture of disgust; but even that emboldened the man.

“‘Monsieur, do ask Mademoiselle to listen to me,--just two words!’

“‘Mademoiselle de Créquy only listens to whom she chooses.’ Very
haughtily my Clément would say that, I am sure.

“‘But, Mademoiselle,’---lowering his voice, and coming a step or two
nearer. Virginie must have felt his approach, though she did not see it;
for she drew herself a little on one side, so as to put as much space as
possible between him and her. ‘Mademoiselle, it is not too late. I can
save you; but to-morrow your name is down on the list. I can save you,
if you will listen.’

“Still no word or sign. Jacques did not understand the affair. Why was
she so obdurate to one who might be ready to include Clément in the
proposal, as far as Jacques knew?

“The man withdrew a little, but did not offer to leave the prison. He
never took his eyes off Virginie; he seemed to be suffering from some
acute and terrible pain as he watched her.

“Jacques cleared away the breakfast-things as well as he could.
Purposely, as I suspect, he passed near the man.

“‘Hist!’ said the stranger. ‘You are Jacques, the gardener, arrested for
assisting an aristocrat. I know the gaoler. You shall escape, if you
will. Only take this message from me to Mademoiselle. You heard. She
will not listen to me: I did not want her to come here. I never knew she
was here, and she will die to-morrow. They will put her beautiful, round
throat under the guillotine. Tell her, good old man, tell her how sweet
life is; and how I can save her; and how I will not ask for more than
just to see her from time to time. She is so young; and death is
annihilation, you know. Why does she hate me so? I want to save her; I
have done her no harm. Good old man, tell her how terrible death is; and
that she will die to-morrow, unless she listens to me.’

“Jacques saw no harm in repeating this message. Clément listened in
silence, watching Virginie with an air of infinite tenderness.

“‘Will you not try him, my cherished one?’ he said. ‘Towards you he may
mean well’ (which makes me think that Virginie had never repeated to
Clément the conversation which she had overheard that last night at
Madame Babette’s); ‘you would be in no worse a situation than you were

“‘No worse, Clément! and I should have known what you were, and have
lost you. My Clément!’ said she, reproachfully.

“‘Ask him,’ said she, turning to Jacques, suddenly, ‘if he can save
Monsieur de Créquy as well,--if he can?--O Clément, we might escape to
England; we are but young.’ And she hid her face on his shoulder.

“Jacques returned to the stranger, and asked him Virginie’s question.
His eyes were fixed on the cousins; he was very pale, and the twitchings
or contortions, which must have been involuntary whenever he was
agitated, convulsed his whole body.

“He made a long pause. ‘I will save mademoiselle and monsieur, if she
will go straight from prison to the mairie, and be my wife.’

“‘Your wife!’ Jacques could not help exclaiming. ‘That she will never

“‘Ask her!’ said Morin, hoarsely.

“‘But almost before Jacques thought he could have fairly uttered the
words, Clément caught their meaning.

“‘Begone!’ said he; ‘not one word more.’ Virginie touched the old man as
he was moving away. ‘Tell him he does not know how he makes me welcome
Death.’ And smiling, as if triumphant, she turned again to Clément.

“The stranger did not speak as Jacques gave him the meaning, not the
words of their replies. He was going away, but stopped. A minute or two
afterwards, he beckoned to Jacques. The old gardener seems to have
thought it undesirable to throw away even the chance of assistance from
such a man as this, for he went forwards to speak to him.

“‘Listen! I have influence with the gaoler. He shall let thee pass out
with the victims to-morrow. No one will notice it, or miss thee, ----.
They will be led to trial,--even at the last moment, I will save her, if
she sends me word she relents. Speak to her, as the time draws on. Life
is very sweet,--tell her how sweet. Speak to him; he will do more with
her than thou canst. Let him urge her to live. Even at the last, I will
be at the Palais de Justice,--at the Grève. I have followers,--I have
interest. Come among the crowd that follow the victims,--I shall see
thee. It will be no worse for him, if she escapes’-----

“‘Save my master, and I will do all,’ said Jacques.

“‘Only on my one condition,’ said Morin, doggedly; and Jacques was
hopeless of that condition ever being fulfilled. But he did not see why
his own life might not be saved. By remaining in prison until the next
day, he should have rendered every service in his power to his master
and the young lady. He, poor fellow, shrank from death; and he agreed
with Morin to escape, if he could, by the means Morin suggested, and to
bring him word if Mademoiselle de Créquy relented. (Jacques had no
expectation that she would; but I fancy he did not think it necessary to
tell Morin of this conviction of his.) This bargaining with so base a
man for so slight a thing as life, was the only flaw that I heard of in
the old gardener’s behaviour. Of course, the mere reopening of the
subject was enough to stir Virginie to displeasure. Clément urged her,
it is true; but the light he had gained upon Morin’s motions, made him
rather try to set the case before her in as fair a manner as possible
than use any persuasive arguments. And, even as it was, what he said on
the subject made Virginie shed tears--the first that had fallen from her
since she entered the prison. So, they were summoned and went together,
at the fatal call of the muster-roll of victims the next morning. He,
feeble from his wounds and his injured health; she, calm and serene,
only petitioning to be allowed to walk next to him, in order that she
might hold him up when he turned faint and giddy from his extreme

“Together they stood at the bar; together they were condemned. As the
words of judgment were pronounced, Virginie turned to Clément, and
embraced him with passionate fondness. Then, making him lean on her,
they marched out towards the Place de la Grève.

“Jacques was free now. He had told Morin how fruitless his efforts at
persuasion had been; and, scarcely caring to note the effect of his
information upon the man, he had devoted himself to watching Monsieur
and Mademoiselle de Créquy. And now he followed them to the Place de la
Grève. He saw them mount the platform; saw them kneel down together till
plucked up by the impatient officials; could see that she was urging
some request to the executioner; the end of which seemed to be, that
Clément advanced first to the guillotine, was executed (and just at this
moment there was a stir among the crowd, as of a man pressing forward
towards the scaffold). Then she, standing with her face to the
guillotine, slowly made the sign of the cross, and knelt down.

“Jacques covered his eyes, blinded with tears. The report of a pistol
made him look up. She was gone--another victim in her place--and where
there had been the little stir in the crowd not five minutes before,
some men were carrying off a dead body. A man had shot himself, they
said. Pierre told me who that man was.”


After a pause, I ventured to ask what became of Madame de Créquy,
Clément’s mother.

“She never made any inquiry about him again,” said my lady. “She must
have known that he was dead; though how, we never could tell. Medlicott
remembered afterwards that it was about, if not on--Medlicott to this
day declares that it was on the very Monday, June the nineteenth, when
her son was executed, that Madame de Créquy left off her rouge, and took
to her bed, as one bereaved and hopeless. It certainly was about that
time; and Medlicott--who was deeply impressed by that dream of Madame de
Créquy’s (the relation of which I told you had had such an effect on my
lord), in which she had seen the figure of Virginie--as the only light
object amid much surrounding darkness as of night, smiling and beckoning
Clément on--on--till at length the bright phantom stopped, motionless,
and Madame de Créquy’s eyes began to penetrate the murky darkness, and
to see closing around her the gloomy dripping walls which she had once
seen and never forgotten--the walls of the vault of the chapel of the De
Créquys in Saint Germain l’Auxerrois; and there the two last of the
Créquys laid them down among their forefathers, and Madame de Créquy had
wakened to the sound of the great door, which led to the open air, being
locked upon her--I say Medlicott, who was predisposed by this dream to
look out for the supernatural, always declared that Madame de Créquy was
made conscious, in some mysterious way, of her son’s death, on the very
day and hour when it occurred, and that after that she had no more
anxiety, but was only conscious of a kind of stupefying despair.”

“And what became of her, my lady?” asked I, repeating my question.

“What could become of her?” replied Lady Ludlow. “She never could be
induced to rise again, though she lived more than a year after her son’s
departure. She kept her bed; her room darkened, her face turned towards
the wall, whenever any one besides Medlicott was in the room. She hardly
ever spoke, and would have died of starvation but for Medlicott’s tender
care, in putting a morsel to her lips every now and then, feeding her,
in fact, just as an old bird feeds her young ones. In the height of
summer my lord and I left London. We would fain have taken her with us
into Scotland, but the doctor (we had the old doctor from Leicester
Square) forbade her removal; and this time he gave such good reasons
against it that I acquiesced. Medlicott and a maid were left with her.
Every care was taken of her. She survived till our return. Indeed, I
thought she was in much the same state as I had left her in, when I came
back to London. But Medlicott spoke of her as much weaker; and one
morning on awakening, they told me she was dead. I sent for Medlicott,
who was in sad distress, she had become so fond of her charge. She said
that, about two o’clock, she had been awakened by unusual restlessness
on Madame de Créquy’s part; that she had gone to her bedside, and found
the poor lady feebly but perpetually moving her wasted arm up and
down--and saying to herself in a wailing voice: ‘I did not bless him
when he left me--I did not bless him when he left me!’ Medlicott gave
her a spoonful or two of jelly, and sat by her, stroking her hand, and
soothing her till she seemed to fall asleep. But in the morning she was

“It is a sad story, your ladyship,” said I, after a while.

“Yes it is. People seldom arrive at my age without having watched the
beginning, middle, and end of many lives and many fortunes. We do not
talk about them, perhaps; for they are often so sacred to us, from
having touched into the very quick of our own hearts, as it were, or
into those of others who are dead and gone, and veiled over from human
sight, that we cannot tell the tale as if it was a mere story. But young
people should remember that we have had this solemn experience of life,
on which to base our opinions and form our judgments, so that they are
not mere untried theories. I am not alluding to Mr. Horner just now, for
he is nearly as old as I am--within ten years, I daresay--but I am
thinking of Mr. Gray, with his endless plans for some new
thing--schools, education, Sabbaths, and what not. Now he has not seen
what all this leads to.”

“It is a pity he has not heard your ladyship tell the story of poor
Monsieur de Créquy.”

“Not at all a pity, my dear. A young man like him, who, both by position
and age must have had his experience confined to a very narrow circle,
ought not to set up his opinion against mine; he ought not to require
reasons from me, nor to need such explanation of my arguments (if I
condescend to argue), as going into relation of the circumstances on
which my arguments are based in my own mind, would be.”

“But, my lady, it might convince him,” I said, with perhaps injudicious

“And why should he be convinced?” she asked, with gentle inquiry in her
tone. “He has only to acquiesce. Though he is appointed by Mr. Croxton,
I am the lady of the manor, as he must know. But it is with Mr. Horner
that I must have to do about this unfortunate lad Gregson. I am afraid
there will be no method of making him forget his unlucky knowledge. His
poor brains will be intoxicated with the sense of his powers, without
any counterbalancing principles to guide him. Poor fellow! I am quite
afraid it will end in his being hanged!”

The next day Mr. Horner came to apologise and explain. He was
evidently--as I could tell from his voice, as he spoke to my lady in the
next room--extremely annoyed at her ladyship’s discovery of the
education he had been giving to this boy. My lady spoke with great
authority, and with reasonable grounds of complaint. Mr. Horner was well
acquainted with her thoughts on the subject, and had acted in defiance
of her wishes. He acknowledged as much, and should on no account have
done it, in any other instance, without her leave.

“Which I could never have granted you,” said my lady.

But this boy had extraordinary capabilities; would, in fact, have taught
himself much that was bad, if he not been rescued, and another direction
given to his powers. And in all Mr. Horner had done, he had had her
ladyship’s service in view. The business was getting almost beyond his
power, so many letters and so much account-keeping was required by the
complicated state in which things were.

Lady Ludlow felt what was coming--a reference to the mortgage for the
benefit of my lord’s Scottish estates, which, she was perfectly aware,
Mr. Horner considered as having been a most unwise proceeding--and she
hastened to observe:--

“All this may be very true, Mr. Horner, and I am sure I should be the
last person to wish you to over-work or distress yourself; but of that
we will talk another time. What I am now anxious to remedy is, if
possible, the state of this poor little Gregson’s mind. Would not hard
work in the fields be a wholesome and excellent way of enabling him to

“I was in hopes, my lady, that you would have permitted me to bring him
up to act as a kind of clerk,” said Mr. Horner, jerking out his project

“A what?” asked my lady, in infinite surprise.

“A kind of--of assistant, in the way of copying letters and doing up
accounts. He is already an excellent penman and very quick at figures.”

“Mr. Horner,” said my lady, with dignity, “the son of a poacher and
vagabond ought never to have been able to copy letters relating to the
Hanbury estates; and, at any rate, he shall not. I wonder how it is
that, knowing the use he has made of his power of reading a letter, you
should venture to propose such an employment for him as would require
his being in your confidence, and you the trusted agent of this family.
Why, every secret (and every ancient and honourable family has its
secrets, as you know, Mr. Horner!) would be learnt off by heart, and
repeated to the first comer!”

“I should have hoped to have trained him, my lady, to understand the
rules of discretion.”

“Trained! Train a barn-door fowl to be a pheasant, Mr. Horner! That
would be the easier task. But you did right to speak of discretion
rather than honour. Discretion looks to the consequences of
actions--honour looks to the action itself, and is an instinct rather
than a virtue. After all, it is possible, you might have trained him to
be discreet.”

Mr. Horner was silent. My lady was softened by his not replying, and
began, as she always did in such cases, to fear lest she had been too
harsh. I could tell that by her voice and by her next speech, as well
as if I had seen her face.

“But I am sorry you are feeling the pressure of the affairs; I am quite
aware that I have entailed much additional trouble upon you by some of
my measures; I must try and provide you with some suitable assistance.
Copying letters and doing up accounts, I think you said?”

Mr. Horner had certainly had a distant idea of turning the little boy,
in process of time, into a clerk; but he had rather urged this
possibility of future usefulness beyond what he had at first intended,
in speaking of it to my lady as a palliation of his offence, and he
certainly was very much inclined to retract his statement that the
letter-writing, or any other business, had increased, or that he was in
the slightest want of help of any kind, when my lady, after a pause of
consideration, suddenly said:

“I have it. Miss Galindo will, I am sure, be glad to assist you. I will
speak to her myself. The payment we should make to a clerk would be of
real service to her!”

I could hardly help echoing Mr. Horner’s tone of surprise as he said--

“Miss Galindo!”

For, you must be told who Miss Galindo was; at least, told us much as I
know. Miss Galindo had lived in the village for many years, keeping
house on the smallest possible means, yet always managing to maintain a
servant. And this servant was invariably chosen because she had some
infirmity that made her undesirable to every one else. I believe Miss
Galindo had had lame and blind and hump-backed maids. She had even at
one time taken in a girl hopelessly gone in consumption, because if not
she would have had to go to the workhouse, and not have had enough to
eat. Of course the poor creature could not perform a single duty usually
required of a servant, and Miss Galindo herself was both servant and

Her present maid was scarcely four feet high, and bore a terrible
character for ill-temper. Nobody but Miss Galindo would have kept her;
but, as it was, mistress and servant squabbled perpetually, and were, at
heart, the best of friends. For it was one of Miss Galindo’s
peculiarities to do all manner of kind and self-denying actions, and to
say all manner of provoking things. Lame, blind, deformed, and dwarf,
all came in for scoldings without number: it was only the consumptive
girl that never had heard a sharp word. I don’t think any of her
servants liked her the worse for her peppery temper, and passionate odd
ways, for they knew her real and beautiful kindness of heart; and,
besides, she had so great a turn for humour, that very often her
speeches amused as much or more than they irritated; and, on the other
side, a piece of witty impudence from her servant would occasionally
tickle her so much and so suddenly, that she would burst out laughing in
the middle of her passion.

But the talk about Miss Galindo’s choice and management of her servants
was confined to village gossip, and had never reached my Lady Ludlow’s
ears, though doubtless Mr. Horner was well acquainted with it. What my
lady knew of her amounted to this. It was the custom in those days for
the wealthy ladies of the county to set on foot a repository, as it was
called, in the assize-town. The ostensible manager of this repository
was generally a decayed gentlewoman, a clergyman’s widow, or so forth.
She was, however, controlled by a committee of ladies; and paid by them
in proportion to the amount of goods she sold; and these goods were the
small manufactures of ladies of little or no fortune, whose names, if
they chose it, were only signified by initials.

Poor water-colour drawings, in indigo and Indian ink; screens,
ornamented with moss and dried leaves; paintings on velvet, and such
faintly ornamental works were displayed on one side of the shop. It was
always reckoned a mark of characteristic gentility in the repository,
to have only common heavy framed sash-windows, which admitted very
little light, so I never was quite certain of the merit of these Works
of Art as they were entitled. But, on the other side, where the Useful
Work placard was put up, there was a great variety of articles, of whose
unusual excellence every one might judge. Such fine sewing, and
stitching, and button-holing! Such bundles of soft delicate knitted
stockings and socks; and, above all, in Lady Ludlow’s eyes, such hanks
of the finest spun flaxen thread!

And the most delicate dainty work of all was done by Miss Galindo, as
Lady Ludlow very well knew. Yet, for all their fine sewing, it sometimes
happened that Miss Galindo’s patterns were of an old-fashioned kind; and
the dozen night-caps, may-be, on the materials for which she had
expended bonâ-fide money, and on the making-up, no little time and
eye-sight, would lie for months in a yellow neglected heap; and at such
times, it was said, Miss Galindo was more amusing than usual, more full
of dry drollery and humour; just as at the times when an order came in
to X. (the initial she had chosen) for a stock of well-paying things,
she sat and stormed at her servant as she stitched away. She herself
explained her practice in this way:--

“When everything goes wrong, one would give up breathing if one could
not lighten one’s heart by a joke. But when I’ve to sit still from
morning till night, I must have something to stir my blood, or I should
go off into an apoplexy, so I set to, and quarrel with Sally.”

Such were Miss Galindo’s means and manner of living in her own house.
Out of doors, and in the village, she was not popular, although she
would have been sorely missed had she left the place. But she asked too
many home questions (not to say impertinent) respecting the domestic
economies (for even the very poor like to spend their bit of money their
own way), and would open cupboards to find out hidden extravagances, and
question closely respecting the weekly amount of butter, till one day
she met with what would have been a rebuff to any other person, but
which she rather enjoyed than otherwise.

She was going into a cottage, and in the doorway met the good woman
chasing out a duck, and apparently unconscious of her visitor.

“Get out, Miss Galindo!” she cried addressing the duck. “Get out! O, I
ask your pardon,” she continued, as if seeing the lady for the first
time. “It’s only that weary duck that will come in. Get out, Miss
Gal----” (to the duck).

“And so you call it after me, do you?” inquired her visitor.

“O, yes, ma’am, my master would have it so, for he said, sure enough the
unlucky bird was always poking herself where she was not wanted.”

“Ha, ha! very good! And so your master is a wit, is he? Well! tell him
to come up and speak to me to-night about my parlour chimney, for there
is no one like him for chimney doctoring.”

And the master went up, and was so won over by Miss Galindo’s merry
ways, and sharp insight into the mysteries of his various kinds of
business (he was a mason, chimney-sweeper, and ratcatcher), that he came
home and abused his wife the next time she called the duck the name by
which he himself had christened her.

But odd as Miss Galindo was in general, she could be as well-bred a lady
as any one when she chose. And choose she always did when my Lady Ludlow
was by. Indeed, I don’t know the man, woman, or child, that did not
instinctively turn out its best side to her ladyship. So she had no
notion of the qualities which, I am sure, made Mr. Horner think that
Miss Galindo would be most unmanageable as a clerk, and heartily wish
that the idea had never come into my lady’s head. But there it was; and
he had annoyed her ladyship already more than he liked to-day, so he
could not directly contradict her, but only urge difficulties which he
hoped might prove insuperable. But every one of them Lady Ludlow knocked
down. Letters to copy? Doubtless. Miss Galindo could come up to the
hall; she should have a room to herself; she wrote a beautiful hand; and
writing would save her eyesight. “Capability with regard to accounts?”
My lady would answer for that too; and for more than Mr. Horner seemed
to think it necessary to inquire about. Miss Galindo was by birth and
breeding a lady of the strictest honour, and would, if possible, forget
the substance of any letters that passed through her hands; at any rate,
no one would ever hear of them again from her. “Remuneration?” Oh! as
for that, Lady Ludlow would herself take care that it was managed in the
most delicate manner possible. She would send to invite Miss Galindo to
tea at the Hall that very afternoon, if Mr. Horner would only give her
ladyship the slightest idea of the average length of time that my lady
was to request Miss Galindo to sacrifice to her daily, “Three hours!
Very well.” Mr. Horner looked very grave as he passed the windows of the
room where I lay. I don’t think he liked the idea of Miss Galindo as a

Lady Ludlow’s invitations were like royal commands. Indeed, the village
was too quiet to allow the inhabitants to have many evening engagements
of any kind. Now and then, Mr. and Mrs. Horner gave a tea and supper to
the principal tenants and their wives, to which the clergyman was
invited, and Miss Galindo, Mrs. Medlicott, and one or two other
spinsters and widows. The glory of the supper-table on these occasions
was invariably furnished by her ladyship: it was a cold roasted peacock,
with his tail stuck out as if in life. Mrs. Medlicott would take up the
whole morning arranging the feathers in the proper semicircle, and was
always pleased with the wonder and admiration it excited. It was
considered a due reward and fitting compliment to her exertions that Mr.
Horner always took her in to supper, and placed her opposite to the
magnificent dish, at which she sweetly smiled all the time they were at
table. But since Mrs. Horner had had the paralytic stroke these parties
had been given up; and Miss Galindo wrote a note to Lady Ludlow in reply
to her invitation, saying that she was entirely disengaged, and would
have great pleasure in doing herself the honour of waiting upon her

Whoever visited my lady took their meals with her, sitting on the dais,
in the presence of all my former companions. So I did not see Miss
Galindo until some time after tea; as the young gentlewomen had had to
bring her their sewing and spinning, to hear the remarks of so
competent a judge. At length her ladyship brought her visitor into the
room where I lay,--it was one of my bad days, I remember,--in order to
have her little bit of private conversation. Miss Galindo was dressed in
her best gown, I am sure, but I had never seen anything like it except
in a picture, it was so old-fashioned. She wore a white muslin apron,
delicately embroidered, and put on a little crookedly, in order, as she
told us, even Lady Ludlow, before the evening was over, to conceal a
spot whence the colour had been discharged by a lemon-stain. This
crookedness had an odd effect, especially when I saw that it was
intentional; indeed, she was so anxious about her apron’s right
adjustment in the wrong place, that she told us straight out why she
wore it so, and asked her ladyship if the spot was properly hidden, at
the same time lifting up her apron and showing her how large it was.

“When my father was alive, I always took his right arm, so, and used to
remove any spotted or discoloured breadths to the left side, if it was a
walking-dress. That’s the convenience of a gentleman. But widows and
spinsters must do what they can. Ah, my dear (to me)! when you are
reckoning up the blessings in your lot,--though you may think it a hard
one in some respects,--don’t forget how little your stockings want
darning, as you are obliged to lie down so much! I would rather knit
two pairs of stockings than darn one, any day.”

“Have you been doing any of your beautiful knitting lately?” asked my
lady, who had now arranged Miss Galindo in the pleasantest chair, and
taken her own little wicker-work one, and, having her work in her hands,
was ready to try and open the subject.

“No, and alas! your ladyship. It is partly the hot weather’s fault, for
people seem to forget that winter must come; and partly, I suppose, that
every one is stocked who has the money to pay four-and-sixpence a pair
for stockings.”

“Then may I ask if you have any time in your active days at liberty?”
said my lady, drawing a little nearer to her proposal, which I fancy she
found it a little awkward to make.

“Why, the village keeps me busy, your ladyship, when I have neither
knitting or sewing to do. You know I took X. for my letter at the
repository, because it stands for Xantippe, who was a great scold in old
times, as I have learnt. But I’m sure I don’t know how the world would
get on without scolding, your ladyship. It would go to sleep, and the
sun would stand still.”

“I don’t think I could bear to scold, Miss Galindo,” said her ladyship,

“No! because your ladyship has people to do it for you. Begging your
pardon, my lady, it seems to me the generality of people may be divided
into saints, scolds, and sinners. Now, your ladyship is a saint, because
you have a sweet and holy nature, in the first place; and have people to
do your anger and vexation for you, in the second place. And Jonathan
Walker is a sinner, because he is sent to prison. But here am I, half
way, having but a poor kind of disposition at best, and yet hating sin,
and all that leads to it, such as wasting and extravagance, and
gossiping,--and yet all this lies right under my nose in the village,
and I am not saint enough to be vexed at it; and so I scold. And though
I had rather be a saint, yet I think I do good in my way.”

“No doubt you do, dear Miss Galindo,” said Lady Ludlow. “But I am sorry
to hear that there is so much that is bad going on in the village,--very

“O, your ladyship! then I am sorry I brought it out. It was only by way
of saying, that when I have no particular work to do at home, I take a
turn abroad, and set my neighbours to rights, just by way of steering
clear of Satan.

For Satan finds some mischief still
For idle hands to do,

you know, my lady.”

There was no leading into the subject by delicate degrees, for Miss
Galindo was evidently so fond of talking, that, if asked a question, she
made her answer so long, that before she came to an end of it, she had
wandered far away from the original starting point. So Lady Ludlow
plunged at once into what she had to say.

“Miss Galindo, I have a great favour to ask of you.”

“My lady, I wish I could tell you what a pleasure it is to hear you say
so,” replied Miss Galindo, almost with tears in her eyes; so glad were
we all to do anything for her ladyship, which could be called a free
service and not merely a duty.

“It is this. Mr. Horner tells me that the business-letters, relating to
the estate, are multiplying so much that he finds it impossible to copy
them all himself, and I therefore require the services of some
confidential and discreet person to copy these letters, and occasionally
to go through certain accounts. Now, there is a very pleasant little
sitting-room very near to Mr. Horner’s office (you know Mr. Horner’s
office? on the other side of the stone hall?) and if I could prevail
upon you to come here to breakfast and afterwards sit there for three
hours every morning, Mr. Horner should bring or send you the papers----”

Lady Ludlow stopped. Miss Galindo’s countenance had fallen. There was
some great obstacle in her mind to her wish for obliging Lady Ludlow.

“What would Sally do?” she asked at length. Lady Ludlow had not a notion
who Sally was. Nor if she had had a notion, would she have had a
conception of the perplexities that poured into Miss Galindo’s mind, at
the idea of leaving her rough forgetful dwarf without the perpetual
monitorship of her mistress. Lady Ludlow, accustomed to a household
where everything went on noiselessly, perfectly, and by clock-work,
conducted by a number of highly-paid, well-chosen, and accomplished
servants, had not a conception of the nature of the rough material from
which her servants came. Besides, in her establishment, so that the
result was good, no one inquired if the small economies had been
observed in the production. Whereas every penny--every halfpenny, was of
consequence to Miss Galindo; and visions of squandered drops of milk and
wasted crusts of bread filled her mind with dismay. But she swallowed
all her apprehensions down, out of her regard for Lady Ludlow, and
desire to be of service to her. No one knows how great a trial it was to
her when she thought of Sally, unchecked and unscolded for three hours
every morning. But all she said was,--

“‘Sally, go to the Deuce.’ I beg your pardon, my lady, if I was talking
to myself; it’s a habit I have got into of keeping my tongue in
practice, and I am not quite aware when I do it. Three hours every
morning! I shall be only too proud to do what I can for your ladyship;
and I hope Mr. Horner will not be too impatient with me at first. You
know, perhaps, that I was nearly being an authoress once, and that seems
as if I was destined to ‘employ my time in writing.’”

“No, indeed; we must return to the subject of the clerkship afterwards,
if you please. An authoress, Miss Galindo! You surprise me!”

“But, indeed, I was. All was quite ready. Doctor Burney used to teach me
music: not that I ever could learn, but it was a fancy of my poor
father’s. And his daughter wrote a book, and they said she was but a
very young lady, and nothing but a music-master’s daughter; so why
should not I try?”


“Well! I got paper and half-a-hundred good pens, a bottle of ink, all

“And then----”

“O, it ended in my having nothing to say, when I sat down to write. But
sometimes, when I get hold of a book, I wonder why I let such a poor
reason stop me. It does not others.”

“But I think it was very well it did, Miss Galindo,” said her ladyship.
“I am extremely against women usurping men’s employments, as they are
very apt to do. But perhaps, after all, the notion of writing a book
improved your hand. It is one of the most legible I ever saw.”

“I despise z’s without tails,” said Miss Galindo, with a good deal of
gratified pride at my lady’s praise. Presently, my lady took her to look
at a curious old cabinet, which Lord Ludlow had picked up at the Hague;
and while they were out of the room on this errand, I suppose the
question of remuneration was settled, for I heard no more of it.

When they came back, they were talking of Mr. Gray. Miss Galindo was
unsparing in her expressions of opinion about him: going much farther
than my lady--in her language, at least.

“A little blushing man like him, who can’t say boo to a goose without
hesitating and colouring, to come to this village--which is as good a
village as ever lived--and cry us down for a set of sinners, as if we
had all committed murder and that other thing!--I have no patience with
him, my lady. And then, how is he to help us to heaven, by teaching us
our a b, ab--b a, ba? And yet, by all accounts, that’s to save poor
children’s souls. O, I knew your ladyship would agree with me. I am
sure my mother was as good a creature as ever breathed the blessed air;
and if she’s not gone to heaven, I don’t want to go there; and she could
not spell a letter decently. And does Mr. Gray think God took note of

“I was sure you would agree with me, Miss Galindo,” said my lady. “You
and I can remember how this talk about education--Rousseau, and his
writings--stirred up the French people to their Reign of Terror, and all
those bloody scenes.”

“I’m afraid that Rousseau and Mr. Gray are birds of a feather,” replied
Miss Galindo, shaking her head. “And yet there is some good in the young
man, too. He sat up all night with Billy Davis, when his wife was fairly
worn out with nursing him.”

“Did he, indeed!” said my lady, her face lighting up, as it always did
when she heard of any kind or generous action, no matter who performed
it. “What a pity he is bitten with these new revolutionary ideas, and is
so much for disturbing the established order of society!”

When Miss Galindo went, she left so favourable an impression of her
visit on my lady, that she said to me with a pleased smile:

“I think I have provided Mr. Horner with a far better clerk than he
would have made of that lad Gregson in twenty years. And I will send
the lad to my lord’s grieve, in Scotland, that he may be kept out of
harm’s way.”

But something happened to the lad before this purpose could be


The next morning, Miss Galindo made her appearance, and, by some
mistake, unusual in my lady’s well-trained servants, was shown into the
room where I was trying to walk; for a certain amount of exercise was
prescribed for me, painful although the exertion had become.

She brought a little basket along with her; and while the footman was
gone to inquire my lady’s wishes (for I don’t think that Lady Ludlow
expected Miss Galindo so soon to assume her clerkship; nor, indeed, had
Mr. Horner any work of any kind ready for his new assistant to do), she
launched out into conversation with me.

“It was a sudden summons, my dear! However, as I have often said to
myself, ever since an occasion long ago, if Lady Ludlow ever honours me
by asking for my right hand, I’ll cut it off, and wrap the stump up so
tidily she shall never find out it bleeds. But, if I had had a little
more time, I could have mended my pens better. You see, I have had to
sit up pretty late to get these sleeves made”--and she took out of her
basket a pair of brown-holland over-sleeves, very much such as a
grocer’s apprentice wears--“and I had only time to make seven or eight
pens, out of some quills Farmer Thomson gave me last autumn. As for ink,
I’m thankful to say, that’s always ready; an ounce of steel filings, an
ounce of nut-gall, and a pint of water (tea, if you’re extravagant,
which, thank Heaven! I’m not), put all in a bottle, and hang it up
behind the house door, so that the whole gets a good shaking every time
you slam it to--and even if you are in a passion and bang it, as Sally
and I often do, it is all the better for it--and there’s my ink ready
for use; ready to write my lady’s will with, if need be.”

“O, Miss Galindo!” said I, “don’t talk so; my lady’s will! and she not
dead yet.”

“And if she were, what would be the use of talking of making her will!
Now, if you were Sally, I should say, ‘Answer me that, you goose!’ But,
as you’re a relation of my lady’s, I must be civil, and only say, ‘I
can’t think how you can talk so like a fool!’ To be sure, poor thing,
you’re lame!”

I do not know how long she would have gone on; but my lady came in, and
I, released from my duty of entertaining Miss Galindo, made my limping
way into the next room. To tell the truth, I was rather afraid of Miss
Galindo’s tongue, for I never knew what she would say next.

After a while my lady came, and began to look in the bureau for
something; and as she looked she said:

“I think Mr. Horner must have made some mistake, when he said he had so
much work that he almost required a clerk, for this morning he cannot
find anything for Miss Galindo to do; and there she is, sitting with her
pen behind her ear, waiting for something to write. I am come to find
her my mother’s letters, for I should like to have a fair copy made of
them. O, here they are! don’t trouble yourself, my dear child.”

When my lady returned again, she sat down and began to talk of Mr. Gray.

“Miss Galindo says she saw him going to hold a prayer-meeting in a
cottage. Now, that really makes me unhappy, it is so like what Mr.
Wesley used to do in my younger days; and since then we have had
rebellion in the American colonies and the French revolution.
You may depend upon it, my dear, making religion and education
common--vulgarising them, as it were--is a bad thing for a nation. A man
who hears prayers read in the cottage where he has just supped on bread
and bacon, forgets the respect due to a church: he begins to think that
one place is as good as another, and, by-and-by, that one person is as
good as another; and after that, I always find that people begin to talk
of their rights, instead of thinking of their duties. I wish Mr. Gray
had been more tractable, and had left well alone. What do you think I
heard this morning? Why, that the Home Hill estate, which niches into
the Hanbury property, was bought by a Baptist baker from Birmingham!”

“A Baptist baker!” I exclaimed. I had never seen a Dissenter, to my
knowledge; but, having always heard them spoken of with horror, I looked
upon them almost as if they were rhinoceroses. I wanted to see a live
Dissenter, I believe, and yet I wished it were over. I was almost
surprised when I heard that any of them were engaged in such peaceful
occupations as baking.

“Yes! so Mr. Horner tells me. A Mr. Lambe, I believe. But, at any rate,
he is a Baptist, and has been in trade. What with his schismatism and
Mr. Gray’s methodism, I am afraid all the primitive character of this
place will vanish.”

From what I could hear, Mr. Gray seemed to be taking his own way; at any
rate, more than he had done when he first came to the village, when his
natural timidity had made him defer to my lady, and seek her consent and
sanction before embarking in any new plan. But newness was a quality
Lady Ludlow especially disliked. Even in the fashions of dress and
furniture, she clung to the old, to the modes which had prevailed when
she was young; and, though she had a deep personal regard for Queen
Charlotte (to whom, as I have already said, she had been
maid-of-honour), yet there was a tinge of Jacobitism about her, such as
made her extremely dislike to hear Prince Charles Edward called the
Young Pretender, as many loyal people did in those days, and made her
fond of telling of the thorn-tree in my lord’s park in Scotland, which
had been planted by bonny Queen Mary herself, and before which every
guest in the Castle of Monkshaven was expected to stand bare-headed, out
of respect to the memory and misfortunes of the royal planter.

We might play at cards, if we so chose, on a Sunday; at least, I suppose
we might, for my lady and Mr. Mountford used to do so often when I first
went. But we must neither play cards, nor read, nor sew on the fifth of
November and on the thirtieth of January, but must go to church, and
meditate all the rest of the day--and very hard work meditating was. I
would far rather have scoured a room. That was the reason, I suppose,
why a passive life was seen to be better discipline for me than an
active one.

But I am wandering away from my lady, and her dislike to all innovation.
Now, it seemed to me, as far as I heard, that Mr. Gray was full of
nothing but new things, and that what he first did was to attack all our
established institutions, both in the village and the parish, and also
in the nation. To be sure, I heard of his ways of going on principally
from Miss Galindo, who was apt to speak more strongly than accurately.

“There he goes,” she said, “clucking up the children just like an old
hen, and trying to teach them about their salvation and their souls, and
I don’t know what--things that it is just blasphemy to speak about out
of church. And he potters old people about reading their Bibles. I am
sure I don’t want to speak disrespectfully about the Holy Scriptures,
but I found old Job Horton busy reading his Bible yesterday. Says I,
‘What are you reading, and where did you get it, and who gave it you?’
So he made answer, ‘That he was reading Susannah and the Elders, for
that he had read Bel and the Dragon till he could pretty near say it off
by heart, and they were two as pretty stories as ever he had read, and
that it was a caution to him what bad old chaps there were in the
world.’ Now, as Job is bed-ridden, I don’t think he is likely to meet
with the Elders, and I say that I think repeating his Creed, the
Commandments, and the Lord’s Prayer, and, maybe, throwing in a verse of
the Psalms, if he wanted a bit of a change, would have done him far more
good than his pretty stories, as he called them. And what’s the next
thing our young parson does? Why he tries to make us all feel pitiful
for the black slaves, and leaves little pictures of negroes about, with
the question printed below, ‘Am I not a man and a brother?’ just as if I
was to be hail-fellow-well-met with every negro footman. They do say he
takes no sugar in his tea, because he thinks he sees spots of blood in
it. Now I call that superstition.”

The next day it was a still worse story.

“Well, my dear! and how are you? My lady sent me in to sit a bit with
you, while Mr. Horner looks out some papers for me to copy. Between
ourselves, Mr. Steward Horner does not like having me for a clerk. It is
all very well, he does not; for, if he were decently civil to me, I
might want a chaperone, you know, now poor Mrs. Horner is dead.” This
was one of Miss Galindo’s grim jokes. “As it is, I try to make him
forget I’m a woman, I do everything as ship-shape as a masculine
man-clerk. I see he can’t find a fault--writing good, spelling correct,
sums all right. And then he squints up at me with the tail of his eye,
and looks glummer than ever, just because I’m a woman--as if I could
help that. I have gone good lengths to set his mind at ease. I have
stuck my pen behind my ear, I have made him a bow instead of a curtsey,
I have whistled--not a tune, I can’t pipe up that--nay, if you won’t
tell my lady, I don’t mind telling you that I have said ‘Confound it!’
and ‘Zounds!’ I can’t get any farther. For all that, Mr. Horner won’t
forget I am a lady, and so I am not half the use I might be, and if it
were not to please my Lady Ludlow, Mr. Horner and his books might go
hang (see how natural that came out!). And there is an order for a dozen
nightcaps for a bride, and I am so afraid I shan’t have time to do them.
Worst of all, there’s Mr. Gray taking advantage of my absence to seduce

“To seduce Sally! Mr. Gray!”

“Pooh, pooh, child! There’s many a kind of seduction. Mr. Gray is
seducing Sally to want to go to church. There has he been twice at my
house, while I have been away in the mornings, talking to Sally about
the state of her soul and that sort of thing. But when I found the meat
all roasted to a cinder, I said, ‘Come, Sally, let’s have no more
praying when beef is down at the fire. Pray at six o’clock in the
morning and nine at night, and I won’t hinder you.’ So she sauced me,
and said something about Martha and Mary, implying that, because she had
let the beef get so overdone that I declare I could hardly find a bit
fit for Nancy Pole’s sick grandchild, she had chosen the better part. I
was very much put about, I own, and perhaps you’ll be shocked at what I
said--indeed, I don’t know if it was right myself--but I told her I had
a soul as well as she, and if it was to be saved by my sitting still and
thinking about salvation and never doing my duty, I thought I had as
good a right as she had to be Mary, and save my soul. So, that afternoon
I sat quite still, and it was really a comfort, for I am often too busy,
I know, to pray as I ought. There is first one person wanting me, and
then another, and the house and the food and the neighbours to see
after. So, when tea-time comes, there enters my maid with her hump on
her back, and her soul to be saved. ‘Please, ma’am, did you order the
pound of butter?’---‘No, Sally,’ I said, shaking my head, ‘this morning I
did not go round by Hale’s farm, and this afternoon I have been employed
in spiritual things.’

“Now, our Sally likes tea and bread-and-butter above everything, and dry
bread was not to her taste.

“‘I’m thankful,’ said the impudent hussy, ‘that you have taken a turn
towards godliness. It will be my prayers, I trust, that’s given it you.’

“I was determined not to give her an opening towards the carnal subject
of butter, so she lingered still, longing to ask leave to run for it.
But I gave her none, and munched my dry bread myself, thinking what a
famous cake I could make for little Ben Pole with the bit of butter we
were saving; and when Sally had had her butterless tea, and was in none
of the best of tempers because Martha had not bethought herself of the
butter, I just quietly said:

“‘Now, Sally, to-morrow we’ll try to hash that beef well, and to
remember the butter, and to work out our salvation all at the same time,
for I don’t see why it can’t all be done, as God has set us to do it
all.’ But I heard her at it again about Mary and Martha, and I have no
doubt that Mr. Gray will teach her to consider me a lost sheep.”

I had heard so many little speeches about Mr. Gray from one person or
another, all speaking against him, as a mischief-maker, a setter-up of
new doctrines, and of a fanciful standard of life (and you may be sure
that, where Lady Ludlow led, Mrs. Medlicott and Adams were certain to
follow, each in their different ways showing the influence my lady had
over them), that I believe I had grown to consider him as a very
instrument of evil, and to expect to perceive in his face marks of his
presumption, and arrogance, and impertinent interference. It was now
many weeks since I had seen him, and when he was one morning shown into
the blue drawing-room (into which I had been removed for a change), I
was quite surprised to see how innocent and awkward a young man he
appeared, confused even more than I was at our unexpected tête-à-tête.
He looked thinner, his eyes more eager, his expression more anxious, and
his colour came and went more than it had done when I had seen him last.
I tried to make a little conversation, as I was, to my own surprise,
more at my ease than he was; but his thoughts were evidently too much
preoccupied for him to do more than answer me with monosyllables.

Presently my lady came in. Mr. Gray twitched and coloured more than
ever; but plunged into the middle of his subject at once.

“My lady, I cannot answer it to my conscience, if I allow the children
of this village to go on any longer the little heathens that they are. I
must do something to alter their condition. I am quite aware that your
ladyship disapproves of many of the plans which have suggested
themselves to me; but nevertheless I must do something, and I am come
now to your ladyship to ask respectfully, but firmly, what you would
advise me to do.”

His eyes were dilated, and I could almost have said they were full of
tears with his eagerness. But I am sure it is a bad plan to remind
people of decided opinions which they have once expressed, if you wish
them to modify those opinions. Now, Mr. Gray had done this with my lady;
and though I do not mean to say she was obstinate, yet she was not one
to retract.

She was silent for a moment or two before she replied.

“You ask me to suggest a remedy for an evil of the existence of which I
am not conscious,” was her answer--very coldly, very gently given. “In
Mr. Mountford’s time I heard no such complaints: whenever I see the
village children (and they are not unfrequent visitors at this house, on
one pretext or another), they are well and decently behaved.”

“Oh, madam, you cannot judge,” he broke in. “They are trained to respect
you in word and deed; you are the highest they ever look up to; they
have no notion of a higher.”

“Nay, Mr. Gray,” said my lady, smiling, “they are as loyally disposed as
any children can be. They come up here every fourth of June, and drink
his Majesty’s health, and have buns, and (as Margaret Dawson can
testify) they take a great and respectful interest in all the pictures I
can show them of the Royal family.”

“But, madam, I think of something higher than any earthly dignities.”

My lady coloured at the mistake she had made; for she herself was truly
pious. Yet when she resumed the subject, it seemed to me as if her tone
was a little sharper than before.

“Such want of reverence is, I should say, the clergyman’s fault. You
must excuse me, Mr. Gray, if I speak plainly.”

“My lady, I want plain-speaking. I myself am not accustomed to those
ceremonies and forms which are, I suppose, the etiquette in your
ladyship’s rank of life, and which seem to hedge you in from any power
of mine to touch you. Among those with whom I have passed my life
hitherto, it has been the custom to speak plainly out what we have felt
earnestly. So, instead of needing any apology from your ladyship for
straightforward speaking, I will meet what you say at once, and admit
that it is the clergyman’s fault, in a great measure, when the children
of his parish swear, and curse, and are brutal, and ignorant of all
saving grace; nay, some of them of the very name of God. And because
this guilt of mine, as the clergyman of this parish, lies heavy on my
soul, and every day leads but from bad to worse, till I am utterly
bewildered how to do good to children who escape from me as if I were a
monster, and who are growing up to be men fit for and capable of any
crime, but those requiring wit or sense, I come to you, who seem to me
all-powerful, as far as material power goes--for your ladyship only
knows the surface of things, and barely that, that pass in your
village--to help me with advice, and such outward help as you can give.”

Mr. Gray had stood up and sat down once or twice while he had been
speaking, in an agitated, nervous kind of way, and now he was
interrupted by a violent fit of coughing, after which he trembled all

My lady rang for a glass of water, and looked much distressed.

“Mr. Gray,” said she, “I am sure you are not well; and that makes you
exaggerate childish faults into positive evils. It is always the case
with us when we are not strong in health. I hear of you exerting
yourself in every direction: you over-work yourself, and the consequence
is, that you imagine us all worse people than we are.”

And my lady smiled very kindly and pleasantly at him, as he sat, a
little panting, a little flushed, trying to recover his breath. I am
sure that now they were brought face to face, she had quite forgotten
all the offence she had taken at his doings when she heard of them from
others; and, indeed, it was enough to soften any one’s heart to see that
young, almost boyish face, looking in such anxiety and distress.

“O, my lady, what shall I do?” he asked, as soon as he could recover
breath, and with such an air of humility that I am sure no one who had
seen it could have ever thought him conceited again. “The evil of this
world is too strong for me. I can do so little. It is all in vain. It
was only to-day----” And again the cough and agitation returned.

“My dear Mr. Gray,” said my lady (the day before, I could never have
believed she could have called him My dear), “you must take the advice
of an old woman about yourself. You are not fit to do anything just now
but attend to your own health: rest, and see a doctor (but, indeed, I
will take care of that), and when you are pretty strong again, you will
find that you have been magnifying evils to yourself.”

“But, my lady, I cannot rest. The evils do exist, and the burden of
their continuance lies on my shoulders. I have no place to gather the
children together in, that I may teach them the things necessary to
salvation. The rooms in my own house are too small; but I have tried
them. I have money of my own; and, as your ladyship knows, I tried to
get a piece of leasehold property on which to build a school-house at my
own expense. Your ladyship’s lawyer comes forward, at your instructions,
to enforce some old feudal right, by which no building is allowed on
leasehold property without the sanction of the Lady of the Manor. It may
be all very true; but it was a cruel thing to do,--that is, if your
ladyship had known (which I am sure you do not) the real moral and
spiritual state of my poor parishioners. And now I come to you to know
what I am to do? Rest! I cannot rest, while children whom I could
possibly save are being left in their ignorance, their blasphemy, their
uncleanness, their cruelty. It is known through the village that your
ladyship disapproves of my efforts, and opposes all my plans. If you
think them wrong, foolish, ill-digested (I have been a student, living
in a college, and eschewing all society but that of pious men, until
now: I may not judge for the best, in my ignorance of this sinful human
nature), tell me of better plans and wiser projects for accomplishing my
end; but do not bid me rest, with Satan compassing me round, and
stealing souls away.”

“Mr. Gray,” said my lady, “there may be some truth in what you have
said. I do not deny it, though I think, in your present state of
indisposition and excitement, you exaggerate it much. I believe--nay,
the experience of a pretty long life has convinced me--that education is
a bad thing, if given indiscriminately. It unfits the lower orders for
their duties, the duties to which they are called by God, of submission
to those placed in authority over them, of contentment with that state
of life to which it has pleased God to call them, and of ordering
themselves lowly and reverently to all their betters. I have made this
conviction of mine tolerably evident to you; and have expressed
distinctly my disapprobation of some of your ideas. You may imagine,
then, that I was not well pleased when I found that you had taken a rood
or more of Farmer Hale’s land, and were laying the foundations of a
school-house. You had done this without asking for my permission, which,
as Farmer Hale’s liege lady, ought to have been obtained legally, as
well as asked for out of courtesy. I put a stop to what I believed to be
calculated to do harm to a village, to a population in which, to say the
least of it, I may be supposed to take as much interest as you can do.
How can reading and writing, and the multiplication-table (if you choose
to go so far), prevent blasphemy, and uncleanness and cruelty? Really,
Mr. Gray, I hardly like to express myself to strongly on the subject in
your present state of health, as I should do at any other time. It seems
to me that books do little; character much; and character is not formed
from books.”

“I do not think of character: I think of souls. I must get some hold
upon these children, or what will become of them in the next world? I
must be found to have some power beyond what they have, and which they
are rendered capable of appreciating, before they will listen to me. At
present, physical force is all they look up to; and I have none.”

“Nay, Mr. Gray, by your own admission, they look up to me.”

“They would not do anything your ladyship disliked if it was likely to
come to your knowledge; but if they could conceal it from you, the
knowledge of your dislike to a particular line of conduct would never
make them cease from pursuing it.”

“Mr. Gray”--surprise in her air, and some little indignation--“they and
their fathers have lived on the Hanbury lands for generations!”

“I cannot help it, madam. I am telling you the truth, whether you
believe me or not.” There was a pause; my lady looking perplexed, and
somewhat ruffled; Mr. Gray as though hopeless and wearied out. “Then, my
lady,” said he, at last, rising as he spoke, “you can suggest nothing to
ameliorate the state of things which, I do assure you, does exist on
your lands, and among your tenants. Surely, you will not object to my
using Farmer Hale’s great barn every Sabbath? He will allow me the use
of it, if your ladyship will grant your permission.”

“You are not fit for any extra work at present,” (and indeed he had been
coughing very much all through the conversation). “Give me time to
consider of it. Tell me what you wish to teach. You will be able to
take care of your health and grow stronger while I consider. It shall
not be the worse for you, if you leave it in my hands for a time.”

My lady spoke very kindly; but he was in too excited a state to
recognise the kindness, while the idea of delay was evidently a sore
irritation. I heard him say: “And I have so little time in which to do
my work. Lord! lay not this sin to my charge.”

But my lady was speaking to the old butler, for whom, at her sign, I had
rung the bell some little time before. Now she turned round.

“Mr. Gray, I find I have some bottles of Malmsey, of the vintage of
seventeen hundred and seventy-eight, yet left. Malmsey, as perhaps you
know, used to be considered a specific for coughs arising from weakness.
You must permit me to send you half-a-dozen bottles, and, depend upon
it, you will take a more cheerful view of life and its duties before you
have finished them, especially if you will be so kind as to see Doctor
Trevor, who is coming to see me in the course of the week. By the time
you are strong enough to work, I will try and find some means of
preventing the children from using such bad language, and otherwise
annoying you.”

“My lady, it is the sin, and not the annoyance. I wish I could make you
understand.” He spoke with some impatience; poor fellow, he was too
weak, exhausted, and nervous. “I am perfectly well; I can set to work
to-morrow; I will do anything not to be oppressed with the thought of
how little I am doing. I do not want your wine. Liberty to act in the
manner I think right, will do me far more good. But it is of no use. It
is preordained that I am to be nothing but a cumberer of the ground. I
beg your ladyship’s pardon for this call.”

He stood up, and then turned dizzy. My lady looked on, deeply hurt, and
not a little offended. He held out his hand to her, and I could see that
she had a little hesitation before she took it. He then saw me, I almost
think, for the first time; and put out his hand once more, drew it back,
as if undecided, put it out again, and finally took hold of mine for an
instant in his damp, listless hand, and was gone.

Lady Ludlow was dissatisfied with both him and herself, I was sure.
Indeed, I was dissatisfied with the result of the interview myself. But
my lady was not one to speak out her feelings on the subject; nor was I
one to forget myself, and begin on a topic which she did not begin. She
came to me, and was very tender with me; so tender, that that, and the
thoughts of Mr. Grays sick, hopeless, disappointed look, nearly made me

“You are tired, little one,” said my lady. “Go and lie down in my room,
and hear what Medlicott and I can decide upon in the way of
strengthening dainties for that poor young man, who is killing himself
with his over-sensitive conscientiousness.”

“O, my lady!” said I, and then I stopped.

“Well. What?” asked she.

“If you would but let him have Farmer Hale’s barn at once, it would do
him more good than all.”

“Pooh, pooh, child!” though I don’t think she was displeased, “he is not
fit for more work just now. I shall go and write for Doctor Trevor.”

And, for the next half-hour, we did nothing but arrange physical
comforts and cures for poor Mr. Gray. At the end of the time, Mrs.
Medlicott said:

“Has your ladyship heard that Harry Gregson has fallen from a tree, and
broken his thigh-bone, and is like to be a cripple for life?”

“Harry Gregson! That black-eyed lad who read my letter? It all comes
from over-education!”


But I don’t see how my lady could think it was over education that made
Harry Gregson break his thigh, for the manner in which he met with the
accident was this:--

Mr. Horner, who had fallen sadly out of health since his wife’s death,
had attached himself greatly to Harry Gregson. Now, Mr. Horner had a
cold manner to every one, and never spoke more than was necessary, at
the best of times. And, latterly, it had not been the best of times with
him. I dare say, he had had some causes for anxiety (of which I knew
nothing) about my lady’s affairs; and he was evidently annoyed by my
lady’s whim (as he once inadvertently called it) of placing Miss Galindo
under him in the position of a clerk. Yet he had always been friends, in
his quiet way, with Miss Galindo, and she devoted herself to her new
occupation with diligence and punctuality, although more than once she
had moaned to me over the orders for needlework which had been sent to
her, and which, owing to her occupation in the service of Lady Ludlow,
she had been unable to fulfil.

The only living creature to whom the staid Mr. Horner could be said to
be attached, was Harry Gregson. To my lady he was a faithful and devoted
servant, looking keenly after her interests, and anxious to forward them
at any cost of trouble to himself. But the more shrewd Mr. Horner was,
the more probability was there of his being annoyed at certain
peculiarities of opinion which my lady held with a quiet, gentle
pertinacity; against which no arguments, based on mere worldly and
business calculations, made any way. This frequent opposition to views
which Mr. Horner entertained, although it did not interfere with the
sincere respect which the lady and the steward felt for each other, yet
prevented any warmer feeling of affection from coming in. It seems
strange to say it, but I must repeat it--the only person for whom, since
his wife’s death, Mr. Horner seemed to feel any love, was the little imp
Harry Gregson, with his bright, watchful eyes, his tangled hair hanging
right down to his eyebrows, for all the world like a Skye terrier. This
lad, half gipsy and whole poacher, as many people esteemed him, hung
about the silent, respectable, staid Mr. Horner, and followed his steps
with something of the affectionate fidelity of the dog which he
resembled. I suspect, this demonstration of attachment to his person on
Harry Gregson’s part was what won Mr. Horner’s regard. In the first
instance, the steward had only chosen the lad out as the cleverest
instrument he could find for his purpose; and I don’t mean to say that,
if Harry had not been almost as shrewd as Mr. Horner himself was, both
by original disposition and subsequent experience, the steward would
have taken to him as he did, let the lad have shown ever so much
affection for him.

But even to Harry Mr. Horner was silent. Still, it was pleasant to find
himself in many ways so readily understood; to perceive that the crumbs
of knowledge he let fall were picked up by his little follower, and
hoarded like gold; that here was one to hate the persons and things whom
Mr. Horner coldly disliked, and to reverence and admire all those for
whom he had any regard. Mr. Horner had never had a child, and
unconsciously, I suppose, something of the paternal feeling had begun to
develop itself in him towards Harry Gregson. I heard one or two things
from different people, which have always made me fancy that Mr. Horner
secretly and almost unconsciously hoped that Harry Gregson might be
trained so as to be first his clerk, and next his assistant, and
finally his successor in his stewardship to the Hanbury estates.

Harry’s disgrace with my lady, in consequence of his reading the letter,
was a deeper blow to Mr. Horner than his quiet manner would ever have
led any one to suppose, or than Lady Ludlow ever dreamed of inflicting,
I am sure.

Probably Harry had a short, stern, rebuke from Mr. Horner at the time,
for his manner was always hard even to those he cared for the most. But
Harry’s love was not to be daunted or quelled by a few sharp words. I
dare say, from what I heard of them afterwards, that Harry accompanied
Mr. Horner in his walk over the farm the very day of the rebuke; his
presence apparently unnoticed by the agent, by whom his absence would
have been painfully felt nevertheless. That was the way of it, as I have
been told. Mr. Horner never bade Harry go with him; never thanked him
for going, or being at his heels ready to run on any errands, straight
as the crows flies to his point, and back to heel in as short a time as
possible. Yet, if Harry were away, Mr. Horner never inquired the reason
from any of the men who might be supposed to know whether he was
detained by his father, or otherwise engaged; he never asked Harry
himself where he had been. But Miss Galindo said that those labourers
who knew Mr. Horner well, told her that he was always more quick-eyed to
short-comings, more savage-like in fault-finding, on those days when the
lad was absent.

Miss Galindo, indeed, was my great authority for most of the village
news which I heard. She it was who gave me the particulars of poor
Harry’s accident.

“You see, my dear,” she said, “the little poacher has taken some
unaccountable fancy to my master.” (This was the name by which Miss
Galindo always spoke of Mr. Horner to me, ever since she had been, as
she called it, appointed his clerk.)

“Now, if I had twenty hearts to lose, I never could spare a bit of one
of them for that good, grey, square severe man. But different people
have different tastes, and here is that little imp of a gipsy-tinker
ready to turn slave for my master; and, odd enough, my master,--who, I
should have said before-hand, would have made short work of imp, and
imp’s family, and have sent Hall, the Bang-beggar, after them in no
time--my master, as they tell me, is in his way quite fond of the lad,
and if he could, without vexing my lady too much, he would have made him
what the folks here call a Latiner. However, last night, it seems that
there was a letter of some importance forgotten (I can’t tell you what
it was about, my dear, though I know perfectly well, but ‘service
oblige,’ as well as ‘noblesse,’ and you must take my word for it that
it was important, and one that I am surprised my master could forget),
till too late for the post. (The poor, good, orderly man is not what he
was before his wife’s death.) Well, it seems that he was sore annoyed by
his forgetfulness, and well he might be. And it was all the more
vexatious, as he had no one to blame but himself. As for that matter, I
always scold somebody else when I’m in fault; but I suppose my master
would never think of doing that, else it’s a mighty relief. However, he
could eat no tea, and was altogether put out and gloomy. And the little
faithful imp-lad, perceiving all this, I suppose, got up like a page in
an old ballad, and said he would run for his life across country to
Comberford, and see if he could not get there before the bags were made
up. So my master gave him the letter, and nothing more was heard of the
poor fellow till this morning, for the father thought his son was
sleeping in Mr. Horner’s barn, as he does occasionally it seems, and my
master, as was very natural, that he had gone to his father’s.”

“And he had fallen down the old stone quarry, had he not?”

“Yes, sure enough. Mr. Gray had been up here fretting my lady with some
of his new-fangled schemes, and because the young man could not have it
all his own way, from what I understand, he was put out, and thought he
would go home by the back lane, instead of through the village, where
the folks would notice if the parson looked glum. But, however, it was a
mercy, and I don’t mind saying so, ay, and meaning it too, though it may
be like methodism, for, as Mr. Gray walked by the quarry, he heard a
groan, and at first he thought it was a lamb fallen down; and he stood
still, and then he heard it again; and then, I suppose, he looked down
and saw Harry. So he let himself down by the boughs of the trees to the
ledge where Harry lay half-dead, and with his poor thigh broken. There
he had lain ever since the night before: he had been returning to tell
the master that he had safely posted the letter, and the first words he
said, when they recovered him from the exhausted state he was in, were”
(Miss Galindo tried hard not to whimper, as she said it), “‘It was in
time, sir. I see’d it put in the bag with my own eyes.’”

“But where is he?” asked I. “How did Mr. Gray get him out?”

“Ay! there it is, you see. Why the old gentleman (I daren’t say Devil in
Lady Ludlow’s house) is not so black as he is painted; and Mr. Gray must
have a deal of good in him, as I say at times; and then at others, when
he has gone against me, I can’t bear him, and think hanging too good for
him. But he lifted the poor lad, as if he had been a baby, I suppose,
and carried him up the great ledges that were formerly used for steps;
and laid him soft and easy on the wayside grass, and ran home and got
help and a door, and had him carried to his house, and laid on his bed;
and then somehow, for the first time either he or any one else perceived
it, he himself was all over blood--his own blood--he had broken a
blood-vessel; and there he lies in the little dressing-room, as white
and as still as if he were dead; and the little imp in Mr. Gray’s own
bed, sound asleep, now his leg is set, just as if linen sheets and a
feather bed were his native element, as one may say. Really, now he is
doing so well, I’ve no patience with him, lying there where Mr. Gray
ought to be. It is just what my lady always prophesied would come to
pass, if there was any confusion of ranks.”

“Poor Mr. Gray!” said I, thinking of his flushed face, and his feverish,
restless ways, when he had been calling on my lady not an hour before
his exertions on Harry’s behalf. And I told Miss Galindo how ill I had
thought him.

“Yes,” said she. “And that was the reason my lady had sent for Doctor
Trevor. Well, it has fallen out admirably, for he looked well after
that old donkey of a Prince, and saw that he made no blunders.”

Now “that old donkey of a Prince” meant the village surgeon, Mr. Prince,
between whom and Miss Galindo there was war to the knife, as they often
met in the cottages, when there was illness, and she had her queer, odd
recipes, which he, with his grand pharmacopœia, held in infinite
contempt, and the consequence of their squabbling had been, not long
before this very time, that he had established a kind of rule, that into
whatever sick-room Miss Galindo was admitted, there he refused to visit.
But Miss Galindo’s prescriptions and visits cost nothing, and were often
backed by kitchen-physic; so, though it was true that she never came but
she scolded about something or other, she was generally preferred as
medical attendant to Mr. Prince.

“Yes, the old donkey is obliged to tolerate me, and be civil to me; for,
you see, I got there first, and had possession, as it were, and yet my
lord the donkey likes the credit of attending the parson, and being in
consultation with so grand a county-town doctor as Doctor Trevor. And
Doctor Trevor is an old friend of mine” (she sighed a little, some time
I may tell you why), “and treats me with infinite bowing and respect; so
the donkey, not to be out of medical fashion, bows too, though it is
sadly against the grain: and he pulled a face as if he had heard a
slate-pencil gritting against a slate, when I told Doctor Trevor I meant
to sit up with the two lads, for I call Mr. Gray little more than a lad,
and a pretty conceited one, too, at times.”

“But why should you sit up, Miss Galindo? It will tire you sadly.”

“Not it. You see, there is Gregson’s mother to keep quiet; for she sits
by her lad, fretting and sobbing, so that I’m afraid of her disturbing
Mr. Gray; and there’s Mr. Gray to keep quiet, for Doctor Trevor says his
life depends on it; and there is medicine to be given to the one, and
bandages to be attended to for the other; and the wild horde of gipsy
brothers and sisters to be turned out, and the father to be held in from
showing too much gratitude to Mr. Gray, who can’t bear it,--and who is
to do it all but me? The only servant is old lame Betty, who once lived
with me, and would leave me because she said I was always
bothering--(there was a good deal of truth in what she said, I grant,
but she need not have said it; a good deal of truth is best let alone at
the bottom of the well), and what can she do,--deaf as ever she can be,

So Miss Galindo went her ways; but not the less was she at her post in
the morning; a little crosser and more silent than usual; but the first
was not to be wondered at, and the last was rather a blessing.

Lady Ludlow had been extremely anxious both about Mr. Gray and Harry
Gregson. Kind and thoughtful in any case of illness and accident, she
always was; but somehow, in this, the feeling that she was not
quite--what shall I call it?--“friends” seems hardly the right word to
use, as to the possible feeling between the Countess Ludlow and the
little vagabond messenger, who had only once been in her presence,--that
she had hardly parted from either as she could have wished to do, had
death been near, made her more than usually anxious. Doctor Trevor was
not to spare obtaining the best medical advice the county could afford;
whatever he ordered in the way of diet, was to be prepared under Mrs.
Medlicott’s own eye, and sent down from the Hall to the Parsonage. As
Mr. Horner had given somewhat similar directions, in the case of Harry
Gregson at least, there was rather a multiplicity of counsellors and
dainties, than any lack of them. And, the second night, Mr. Horner
insisted on taking the superintendence of the nursing himself, and sat
and snored by Harry’s bedside, while the poor, exhausted mother lay by
her child,--thinking that she watched him, but in reality fast asleep,
as Miss Galindo told us; for, distrusting any one’s powers of watching
and nursing but her own, she had stolen across the quiet village street
in cloak and dressing-gown, and found Mr. Gray in vain trying to reach
the cup of barley-water which Mr. Horner had placed just beyond his

In consequence of Mr. Gray’s illness, we had to have a strange curate to
do duty; a man who dropped his h’s, and hurried through the service, and
yet had time enough to stand in my lady’s way, bowing to her as she came
out of church, and so subservient in manner, that I believe that sooner
than remain unnoticed by a countess, he would have preferred being
scolded, or even cuffed. Now I found out, that great as was my lady’s
liking and approval of respect, nay, even reverence, being paid to her
as a person of quality,--a sort of tribute to her Order, which she had
no individual right to remit, or, indeed, not to exact,--yet she, being
personally simple, sincere, and holding herself in low esteem, could not
endure anything like the servility of Mr. Crosse, the temporary curate.
She grew absolutely to loathe his perpetual smiling and bowing; his
instant agreement with the slightest opinion she uttered; his veering
round as she blew the wind. I have often said that my lady did not talk
much, as she might have done had she lived among her equals. But we all
loved her so much, that we had learnt to interpret all her little ways
pretty truly; and I knew what particular turns of her head, and
contractions of her delicate fingers meant, as well as if she had
expressed herself in words. I began to suspect that my lady would be
very thankful to have Mr. Gray about again, and doing his duty even with
a conscientiousness that might amount to worrying himself, and fidgeting
others; and although Mr. Gray might hold her opinions in as little
esteem as those of any simple gentlewoman, she was too sensible not to
feel how much flavour there was in his conversation, compared to that of
Mr. Crosse, who was only her tasteless echo.

As for Miss Galindo, she was utterly and entirely a partisan of Mr.
Gray’s, almost ever since she had begun to nurse him during his illness.

“You know, I never set up for reasonableness, my lady. So I don’t
pretend to say, as I might do if I were a sensible woman and all
that,--that I am convinced by Mr. Gray’s arguments of this thing or
t’other. For one thing, you see, poor fellow! he has never been able to
argue, or hardly indeed to speak, for Doctor Trevor has been very
peremptory. So there’s been no scope for arguing! But what I mean is
this:--When I see a sick man thinking always of others, and never of
himself; patient, humble--a trifle too much at times, for I’ve caught
him praying to be forgiven for having neglected his work as a parish
priest,” (Miss Galindo was making horrible faces, to keep back tears,
squeezing up her eyes in a way which would have amused me at any other
time, but when she was speaking of Mr. Gray); “when I see a downright
good, religious man, I’m apt to think he’s got hold of the right clue,
and that I can do no better than hold on by the tails of his coat and
shut my eyes, if we’ve got to go over doubtful places on our road to
Heaven. So, my lady, you must excuse me, if, when he gets about again,
he is all agog about a Sunday-school, for if he is, I shall be agog too,
and perhaps twice as bad as him, for, you see, I’ve a strong
constitution compared to his, and strong ways of speaking and acting.
And I tell your ladyship this now, because I think from your rank--and
still more, if I may say so, for all your kindness to me long ago, down
to this very day--you’ve a right to be first told of anything about me.
Change of opinion I can’t exactly call it, for I don’t see the good of
schools and teaching A B C, any more than I did before, only Mr. Gray
does, so I’m to shut my eyes, and leap over the ditch to the side of
education. I’ve told Sally already, that if she does not mind her work,
but stands gossiping with Nelly Mather, I’ll teach her her lessons; and
I’ve never caught her with old Nelly since.”

I think Miss Galindo’s desertion to Mr. Gray’s opinions in this matter
hurt my lady just a little bit; but she only said:

“Of course, if the parishioners wish for it, Mr. Gray must have his
Sunday-school. I shall, in that case, withdraw my opposition. I am sorry
I cannot change my opinions as easily as you.”

My lady made herself smile as she said this. Miss Galindo saw it was an
effort to do so. She thought a minute before she spoke again.

“Your ladyship has not seen Mr. Gray as intimately as I have done.
That’s one thing. But, as for the parishioners, they will follow your
ladyship’s lead in everything; so there is no chance of their wishing
for a Sunday-school.”

“I have never done anything to make them follow my lead, as you call it,
Miss Galindo,” said my lady, gravely.

“Yes, you have,” replied Miss Galindo, bluntly. And then, correcting
herself, she said, “Begging your ladyship’s pardon, you have. Your
ancestors have lived here time out of mind, and have owned the land on
which their forefathers have lived ever since there were forefathers.
You yourself were born amongst them, and have been like a little queen
to them ever since, I might say, and they’ve never known your ladyship
do anything but what was kind and gentle; but I’ll leave fine speeches
about your ladyship to Mr. Crosse. Only you, my lady, lead the thoughts
of the parish; and save some of them a world of trouble, for they could
never tell what was right if they had to think for themselves. It’s all
quite right that they should be guided by you, my lady,--if only you
would agree with Mr. Gray.”

“Well,” said my lady, “I told him only the last day that he was here,
that I would think about it. I do believe I could make up my mind on
certain subjects better if I were left alone, than while being
constantly talked to about them.”

My lady said this in her usual soft tones; but the words had a tinge of
impatience about them; indeed, she was more ruffled than I had often
seen her; but, checking herself in an instant, she said:

“You don’t know how Mr. Horner drags in this subject of education
apropos of everything. Not that he says much about it at any time: it is
not his way. But he cannot let the thing alone.”

“I know why, my lady,” said Miss Galindo. “That poor lad, Harry Gregson,
will never be able to earn his livelihood in any active way, but will be
lame for life. Now, Mr. Horner thinks more of Harry than of any one else
in the world,--except, perhaps, your ladyship.” Was it not a pretty
companionship for my lady? “And he has schemes of his own for teaching
Harry; and if Mr. Gray could but have his school, Mr. Horner and he
think Harry might be schoolmaster, as your ladyship would not like to
have him coming to you as steward’s clerk. I wish your ladyship would
fall into this plan; Mr. Gray has it so at heart.”

Miss Galindo looked wistfully at my lady, as she said this. But my lady
only said, drily, and rising at the same time, as if to end the

“So! Mr. Hornet and Mr. Gray seem to have gone a long way in advance of
my consent to their plans.”

“There!” exclaimed Miss Galindo, as my lady left the room, with an
apology for going away; “I have gone and done mischief with my long,
stupid tongue. To be sure, people plan a long way ahead of to-day; more
especially when one is a sick man, lying all through the weary day on a

“My lady will soon get over her annoyance,” said I, as it were
apologetically. I only stopped Miss Galindo’s self-reproaches to draw
down her wrath upon myself.

“And has not she a right to be annoyed with me, if she likes, and to
keep annoyed as long as she likes? Am I complaining of her, that you
need tell me that? Let me tell you, I have known my lady these thirty
years; and if she were to take me by the shoulders, and turn me out of
the house, I should only love her the more. So don’t you think to come
between us with any little mincing, peace-making speeches. I have been a
mischief-making parrot, and I like her the better for being vexed with
me. So good-bye to you, Miss; and wait till you know Lady Ludlow as well
as I do, before you next think of telling me she will soon get over her
annoyance!” And off Miss Galindo went.

I could not exactly tell what I had done wrong; but I took care never
again to come in between my lady and her by any remark about the one to
the other; for I saw that some most powerful bond of grateful affection
made Miss Galindo almost worship my lady.

Meanwhile, Harry Gregson was limping a little about in the village,
still finding his home in Mr. Gray’s house; for there he could most
conveniently be kept under the doctor’s eye, and receive the requisite
care, and enjoy the requisite nourishment. As soon as he was a little
better, he was to go to Mr. Horner’s house; but, as the steward lived
some distance out of the way, and was much from home, he had agreed to
leave Harry at the house to which he had first been taken, until he was
quite strong again; and the more willingly, I suspect, from what I heard
afterwards, because Mr. Gray gave up all the little strength of speaking
which he had, to eaching Harry in the very manner which Mr. Horner most

As for Gregson the father--he--wild man of the woods, poacher, tinker,
jack-of-all-trades--was getting tamed by this kindness to his child.
Hitherto his hand had been against every man, as every man’s had been
against him. That affair before the justice, which I told you about,
when Mr. Gray and even my lady had interested themselves to get him
released from unjust imprisonment, was the first bit of justice he had
ever met with; it attracted him to the people, and attached him to the
spot on which he had but squatted for a time. I am not sure if any of
the villagers were grateful to him for remaining in their neighbourhood,
instead of decamping as he had often done before, for good reasons,
doubtless, of personal safely. Harry was only one out of a brood of ten
or twelve children, some of whom had earned for themselves no good
character in service: one, indeed, had been actually transported, for a
robbery committed in a distant part of the county; and the tale was yet
told in the village of how Gregson the father came back from the trial
in a state of wild rage, striding through the place, and uttering oaths
of vengeance to himself, his great black eyes gleaming out of his matted
hair, and his arms working by his side, and now and then tossed up in
his impotent despair. As I heard the account, his wife followed him,
child-laden and weeping. After this, they had vanished from the country
for a time, leaving their mud hovel locked up, and the door-key, as the
neighbours said, buried in a hedge bank. The Gregsons had reappeared
much about the same time that Mr. Gray came to Hanbury. He had either
never heard of their evil character, or considered that it gave them all
the more claims upon his Christian care, and the end of it was that this
rough, untamed, strong giant of a heathen was loyal slave to the weak,
hectic, nervous, self-distrustful parson. Gregson had also a kind of
grumbling respect for Mr. Horner: he did not quite like the steward’s
monopoly of his Harry: the mother submitted to that with a better grace,
swallowing down her maternal jealousy in the prospect of her child’s
advancement to a better and more respectable position than that in which
his parents had struggled through life. But Mr. Horner, the steward, and
Gregson, the poacher and squatter, had come into disagreeable contact
too often in former days for them to be perfectly cordial at any future
time. Even now, when there was no immediate cause for anything but
gratitude for his child’s sake on Gregson’s part, he would skulk out of
Mr. Horner’s way, if he saw him coming; and it took all Mr. Horner’s
natural reserve and acquired self-restraint to keep him from
occasionally holding up his father’s life as a warning to Harry. Now
Gregson had nothing of this desire for avoidance with regard to Mr.
Gray. The poacher had a feeling of physical protection towards the
parson; while the latter had shown the moral courage, without which
Gregson would never have respected him, in coming right down upon him
more than once in the exercise of unlawful pursuits, and simply and
boldly telling him he was doing wrong, with such a quiet reliance upon
Gregson’s better feeling, at the same time, that the strong poacher
could not have lifted a finger against Mr. Gray, though it had been to
save himself from being apprehended and taken to the lockups the very
next hour. He had rather listened to the parson’s bold words with an
approving smile, much as Mr. Gulliver might have hearkened to a lecture
from a Lilliputian. But when brave words passed into kind deeds,
Gregson’s heart mutely acknowledged its master and keeper. And the
beauty of it all was, that Mr. Gray knew nothing of the good work he had
done, or recognised himself as the instrument which God had employed. He
thanked God, it is true, fervently and often, that the work was done;
and loved the wild man for his rough gratitude; but it never occurred to
the poor young clergyman, lying on his sick-bed, and praying, as Miss
Galindo had told us he did, to be forgiven for his unprofitable life, to
think of Gregson’s reclaimed soul as anything with which he had had to
do. It was now more than three months since Mr. Gray had been at Hanbury
Court. During all that time, he had been confined to his house, if not
to his sick-bed, and he and my lady had never met since their last
discussion and difference about Farmer Hale’s barn.

This was not my dear lady’s fault; no one could have been more attentive
in every way to the slightest possible want of either of the invalids,
especially of Mr. Gray. And he would have gone to see him at his own
house, as she sent him word, but that her foot had slipped upon the
polished oak staircase, and her ancle had been sprained.

So we had never seen Mr. Gray since his illness, when one November day
he was announced as wishing to speak to my lady. She was sitting in her
room--the room in which I lay now pretty constantly--and I remember she
looked startled, when word was brought to her of Mr. Gray’s being at the

She could not go to him, she was too lame for that, so she bade him be
shown into where she sat.

“Such a day for him to go out!” she exclaimed, looking at the fog which
had crept up to the windows, and was sapping the little remaining life
in the brilliant Virginian creeper leaves that draperied the house on
the terrace side.

He came in white, trembling, his large eyes wild and dilated. He
hastened up to Lady Ludlow’s chair, and, to my surprise, took one of her
hands and kissed it, without speaking, yet shaking all over.

“Mr. Gray!” said she, quickly, with sharp, tremulous apprehension of
some unknown evil. “What is it? There is something unusual about you.”

“Something unusual has occurred,” replied he, forcing his words to be
calm, as with a great effort. “A gentleman came to my house, not
half-an-hour ago--a Mr. Howard. He came straight from Vienna.”

“My son!” said my dear lady, stretching out her arms in dumb questioning

“The Lord gave and the Lord taketh away. Blessed be the name of the

But my poor lady could not echo the words. He was the last remaining
child. And once she had been the joyful mother of nine.


I am ashamed to say what feeling become strongest in my mind about this
time. Next to the sympathy we all of us felt for my dear lady in her
deep sorrow, I mean. For that was greater and stronger than anything
else, however contradictory you may think it, when you hear all.

It might arise from my being so far from well at the time, which
produced a diseased mind in a diseased body; but I was absolutely
jealous for my father’s memory, when I saw how many signs of grief there
were for my lord’s death, he having done next to nothing for the village
and parish, which now changed, as it were, its daily course of life,
because his lordship died in a far-off city. My father had spent the
best years of his manhood in labouring hard, body and soul, for the
people amongst whom he lived. His family, of course, claimed the first
place in his heart; he would have been good for little, even in the way
of benevolence, if they had not. But close after them he cared for his
parishioners and neighbours. And yet, when he died, though the
church-bells tolled, and smote upon our hearts with hard, fresh pain at
every beat, the sounds of every-day life still went on, close pressing
around us,--carts and carriages, street-cries, distant barrel-organs
(the kindly neighbours kept them out of our street): life, active, noisy
life, pressed on our acute consciousness of Death, and jarred upon it as
on a quick nerve.

And when we went to church,--my father’s own church,--though the
pulpit-cushions were black, and many of the congregation had put on some
humble sign of mourning, yet it did not alter the whole material aspect
of the place. And yet what was Lord Ludlow’s relation to Hanbury,
compared to my father’s work and place in----?

O! it was very wicked in me! I think if I had seen my lady,--if I had
dared to ask to go to her, I should not have felt so miserable, so
discontented. But she sat in her own room, hung with black, all,
even over the shutters. She saw no light but that which was
artificial--candles, lamps, and the like, for more than a month. Only
Adams went near her. Mr. Gray was not admitted, though he called daily.
Even Mrs. Medlicott did not see her for near a fortnight. The sight of
my lady’s griefs, or rather the recollection of it, made Mrs. Medlicott
talk far more than was her wont. She told us, with many tears, and much
gesticulation, even speaking German at times, when her English would not
flow, that my lady sat there, a white figure in the middle of the
darkened room; a shaded lamp near her, the light of which fell on an
open Bible,--the great family Bible. It was not opened at any chapter,
or consoling verse; but at the page whereon were registered the births
of her nine children. Five had died in infancy,--sacrificed to the cruel
system which forbade the mother to suckle her babies. Four had lived
longer; Urian had been the first to die, Ughtred-Mortimar, Earl Ludlow,
the last.

My lady did not cry, Mrs. Medlicott said. She was quite composed; very
still, very silent. She put aside everything that savoured of mere
business; sent people to Mr. Horner for that. But she was proudly alive
to every possible form which might do honour to the last of her race.

In those days, expresses were slow things, and forms still slower.
Before my lady’s directions could reach Vienna, my lord was buried.
There was some talk (so Mrs. Medlicott said) about taking the body up,
and bringing him to Hanbury. But his executors,--connections on the
Ludlow side,--demurred to this. If he were removed to England, he must
be carried on to Scotland, and interred with his Monkshaven
forefathers. My lady, deeply hurt, withdrew from the discussion before
it degenerated to an unseemly contest. But all the more, for this
understood mortification of my lady’s, did the whole village and estate
of Hanbury assume every outward sign of mourning. The church-bells
tolled morning and evening. The church itself was draped in black
inside. Hatchments were placed everywhere, where hatchments could be
put. All the tenantry spoke in hushed voices for more than a week,
scarcely daring to observe that all flesh, even that of an Earl Ludlow,
and the last of the Hanburys, was but grass after all. The very Fighting
Lion closed its front door, front shutters it had none, and those who
needed drink stole in at the back, and were silent and maudlin over
their cups, instead of riotous and noisy. Miss Galindo’s eyes were
swollen up with crying, and she told me, with a fresh burst of tears,
that even hump-backed Sally had been found sobbing over her Bible, and
using a pocket-handkerchief for the first time in her life; her aprons
having hitherto stood her in the necessary stead, but not being
sufficiently in accordance with etiquette, to be used when mourning over
an earl’s premature decease.

If it was in this way out of the Hall, “you might work it by the rule of
three,” as Miss Galindo used to say, and judge what it was in the Hall.
We none of us spoke but in a whisper: we tried not to eat; and indeed
the shock had been so really great, and we did really care so much for
my lady, that for some days we had but little appetite. But after that,
I fear our sympathy grew weaker, while our flesh grew stronger. But we
still spoke low, and our hearts ached whenever we thought of my lady
sitting there alone in the darkened room, with the light ever falling on
that one solemn page.

We wished, O how I wished that she would see Mr. Gray! But Adams said,
she thought my lady ought to have a bishop come to see her. Still no one
had authority enough to send for one.

Mr. Horner all this time was suffering as much as any one. He was too
faithful a servant of the great Hanbury family, though now the family
had dwindled down to a fragile old lady, not to mourn acutely over its
probable extinction. He had, besides, a deeper sympathy and reverence
with, and for, my lady in all things, than probably he ever cared to
show, for his manners were always measured and cold. He suffered from
sorrow. He also suffered from wrong. My lord’s executors kept writing to
him continually. My lady refused to listen to mere business, saying she
intrusted all to him. But the “all” was more complicated than I ever
thoroughly understood. As far as I comprehended the case, it was
something of this kind:--There had been a mortgage raised on my lady’s
property of Hanbury, to enable my lord, her husband, to spend money in
cultivating his Scotch estates, after some new fashion that required
capital. As long as my lord, her son, lived, who was to succeed to both
the estates after her death, this did not signify; so she had said and
felt; and she had refused to take any steps to secure the repayment of
capital, or even the payment of the interest of the mortgage from the
possible representatives and possessors of the Scotch estates, to the
possible owner of the Hanbury property; saying it ill became her to
calculate on the contingency of her son’s death.

But he had died, childless, unmarried. The heir of the Monkshaven
property was an Edinburgh advocate, a far-away kinsman of my lord’s: the
Hanbury property, at my lady’s death, would go to the descendants of a
third son of the Squire Hanbury in the days of Queen Anne.

This complication of affairs was most grievous to Mr. Horner. He had
always been opposed to the mortgage; had hated the payment of the
interest, as obliging my lady to practise certain economies which,
though she took care to make them as personal as possible, he disliked
as derogatory to the family. Poor Mr. Horner! He was so cold and hard in
his manner, so curt and decisive in his speech, that I don’t think we
any of us did him justice. Miss Galindo was almost the first, at this
time, to speak a kind word of him, or to take thought of him at all, any
farther than to get out of his way when we saw him approaching.

“I don’t think Mr. Horner is well,” she said one day, about three weeks
after we had heard of my lord’s death. “He sits resting his head on his
hand, and hardly hears me when I speak to him.”

But I thought no more of it, as Miss Galindo did not name it again. My
Lady came amongst us once more. From elderly she had become old; a
little, frail, old lady, in heavy black drapery, never speaking about
nor alluding to her great sorrow; quieter, gentler, paler than ever
before; and her eyes dim with much weeping, never witnessed by mortal.

She had seen Mr. Gray at the expiration of the month of deep retirement.
But I do not think that even to him she had said one word of her own
particular individual sorrow. All mention of it seemed buried deep for
evermore. One day, Mr. Horner sent word that he was too much indisposed
to attend to his usual business at the Hall; but he wrote down some
directions and requests to Miss Galindo, saying that he would be at his
office early the next morning. The next morning he was dead!

Miss Galindo told my lady. Miss Galindo herself cried plentifully, but
my lady, although very much distressed, could not cry. It seemed a
physical impossibility, as if she had shed all the tears in her power.
Moreover, I almost think her wonder was far greater that she herself
lived than that Mr. Horner died. It was almost natural that so faithful
a servant should break his heart, when the family he belonged to lost
their stay, their heir and their last hope.

Yes! Mr. Horner was a faithful servant. I do not think there are many so
faithful now; but, perhaps, that is an old woman’s fancy of mine. When
his will came to be examined, it was discovered that, soon after Harry
Gregson’s accident, Mr. Horner had left the few thousands (three, I
think,) of which he was possessed, in trust for Harry’s benefit,
desiring his executors to see that the lad was well educated in certain
things, for which Mr. Horner had thought that he had shown especial
aptitude; and there was a kind of implied apology to my lady in one
sentence, where he stated that Harry’s lameness would prevent his being
ever able to gain his living by the exercise of any mere bodily
faculties, “as had been wished by a lady whose wishes” he, the testator,
“was bound to regard.”

But there was a codicil to the will, dated since Lord Ludlow’s
death--feebly written by Mr. Horner himself, as if in preparation only
for some more formal manner of bequest; or, perhaps, only as a mere
temporary arrangement till he could see a lawyer, and have a fresh will
made. In this he revoked his previous bequest to Harry Gregson. He only
left two hundred pounds to Mr. Gray to be used, as that gentleman
thought best, for Henry Gregson’s benefit. With this one exception, he
bequeathed all the rest of his savings to my lady, with a hope that they
might form a nest-egg, as it were, towards the paying off of the
mortgage which had been such a grief to him during his life. I may not
repeat all this in lawyer’s phrase; I heard it through Miss Galindo, and
she might make mistakes. Though, indeed, she was very clear-headed, and
soon earned the respect of Mr. Smithson, my lady’s lawyer from Warwick.
Mr. Smithson knew Miss Galindo a little before, both personally and by
reputation; but I don’t think he was prepared to find her installed as
steward’s clerk, and, at first, he was inclined to treat her, in this
capacity, with polite contempt. But Miss Galindo was both a lady and a
spirited, sensible woman, and she could put aside her self-indulgence in
eccentricity of speech and manner whenever she chose. Nay more; she was
usually so talkative, that if she had not been amusing and
warm-hearted, one might have thought her wearisome occasionally. But, to
meet Mr. Smithson, she came out daily in her Sunday gown; she said no
more than was required in answer to his questions; her books and papers
were in thorough order, and methodically kept; her statements of
matters-of-fact accurate, and to be relied on. She was amusingly
conscious of her victory over his contempt of a woman-clerk and his
preconceived opinion of her unpractical eccentricity.

“Let me alone,” said she, one day when she came in to sit awhile with
me. “That man is a good man--a sensible man--and, I have no doubt, he is
a good lawyer; but he can’t fathom women yet. I make no doubt he’ll go
back to Warwick, and never give credit again to those people who made
him think me half-cracked to begin with. O, my dear, he did! He showed
it twenty times worse than my poor dear master ever did. It was a form
to be gone through to please my lady, and, for her sake, he would hear
my statements and see my books. It was keeping a woman out of harm’s
way, at any rate, to let her fancy herself useful. I read the man. And,
I am thankful to say, he cannot read me. At least, only one side of me.
When I see an end to be gained, I can behave myself accordingly. Here
was a man who thought that a woman in a black silk gown was a
respectable, orderly kind of person; and I was a woman in a black silk
gown. He believed that a woman could not write straight lines, and
required a man to tell her that two and two made four. I was not above
ruling my books, and had Cocker a little more at my fingers’ ends than
he had. But my greatest triumph has been holding my tongue. He would
have thought nothing of my books, or my sums, or my black silk gown, if
I had spoken unasked. So I have buried more sense in my bosom these ten
days than ever I have uttered in the whole course of my life before. I
have been so curt, so abrupt, so abominably dull, that I’ll answer for
it he thinks me worthy to be a man. But I must go back to him, my dear,
so good-bye to conversation and you.”

But though Mr. Smithson might be satisfied with Miss Galindo, I am
afraid she was the only part of the affair with which he was content.
Everything else went wrong. I could not say who told me so--but the
conviction of this seemed to pervade the house. I never knew how much we
had all looked up to the silent, gruff Mr. Horner for decisions, until
he was gone. My lady herself was a pretty good woman of business, as
women of business go. Her father, seeing that she would be the heiress
of the Hanbury property, had given her a training which was thought
unusual in those days, and she liked to feel herself queen regnant, and
to have to decide in all cases between herself and her tenantry. But,
perhaps, Mr. Horner would have done it more wisely; not but what she
always attended to him at last. She would begin by saying, pretty
clearly and promptly, what she would have done, and what she would not
have done. If Mr. Horner approved of it, he bowed, and set about obeying
her directly; if he disapproved of it, he bowed, and lingered so long
before he obeyed her, that she forced his opinion out of him with her
“Well, Mr. Horner! and what have you to say against it?” For she always
understood his silence as well as if he had spoken. But the estate was
pressed for ready money, and Mr. Horner had grown gloomy and languid
since the death of his wife, and even his own personal affairs were not
in the order in which they had been a year or two before, for his old
clerk had gradually become superannuated, or, at any rate, unable by the
superfluity of his own energy and wit to supply the spirit that was
wanting in Mr. Horner.

Day after day Mr. Smithson seemed to grow more fidgety, more annoyed at
the state of affairs. Like every one else employed by Lady Ludlow, as
far as I could learn, he had an hereditary tie to the Hanbury family.
As long as the Smithsons had been lawyers, they had been lawyers to the
Hanburys; always coming in on all great family occasions, and better
able to understand the characters, and connect the links of what had
once been a large and scattered family, than any individual thereof had
ever been.

As long as a man was at the head of the Hanburys, the lawyers had simply
acted as servants, and had only given their advice when it was required.
But they had assumed a different position on the memorable occasion of
the mortgage: they had remonstrated against it. My lady had resented
this remonstrance, and a slight, unspoken coolness had existed between
her and the father of this Mr. Smithson ever since.

I was very sorry for my lady. Mr. Smithson was inclined to blame Mr.
Horner for the disorderly state in which he found some of the outlying
farms, and for the deficiencies in the annual payment of rents. Mr.
Smithson had too much good feeling to put this blame into words; but my
lady’s quick instinct led her to reply to a thought, the existence of
which she perceived; and she quietly told the truth, and explained how
she had interfered repeatedly to prevent Mr. Horner from taking certain
desirable steps, which were discordant to her hereditary sense of right
and wrong between landlord and tenant. She also spoke of the want of
ready money as a misfortune that could be remedied, by more economical
personal expenditure on her own part; by which individual saving, it was
possible that a reduction of fifty pounds a year might have been
accomplished. But as soon as Mr. Smithson touched on larger economies,
such as either affected the welfare of others, or the honour and
standing of the great House of Hanbury, she was inflexible. Her
establishment consisted of somewhere about forty servants, of whom
nearly as many as twenty were unable to perform their work properly, and
yet would have been hurt if they had been dismissed; so they had the
credit of fulfilling duties, while my lady paid and kept their
substitutes. Mr. Smithson made a calculation, and would have saved some
hundreds a year by pensioning off these old servants. But my lady would
not hear of it. Then, again, I know privately that he urged her to allow
some of us to return to our homes. Bitterly we should have regretted the
separation from Lady Ludlow; but we would have gone back gladly, had we
known at the time that her circumstances required it: but she would not
listen to the proposal for a moment.

“If I cannot act justly towards every one, I will give up a plan which
has been a source of much satisfaction; at least, I will not carry it
out to such an extent in future. But to these young ladies, who do me
the favour to live with me at present, I stand pledged. I cannot go back
from my word, Mr. Smithson. We had better talk no more of this.”

As she spoke, she entered the room where I lay. She and Mr. Smithson
were coming for some papers contained in the bureau. They did not know I
was there, and Mr. Smithson started a little when he saw me, as he must
have been aware that I had overheard something. But my lady did not
change a muscle of her face. All the world might overhear her kind,
just, pure sayings, and she had no fear of their misconstruction. She
came up to me, and kissed me on the forehead, and then went to search
for the required papers.

“I rode over the Conington farms yesterday, my lady. I must say I was
quite grieved to see the condition they are in; all the land that is not
waste is utterly exhausted with working successive white crops. Not a
pinch of manure laid on the ground for years. I must say that a greater
contrast could never have been presented than that between Harding’s
farm and the next fields--fences in perfect order, rotation crops, sheep
eating down the turnips on the waste lands--everything that could be

“Whose farm is that?” asked my lady.

“Why, I am sorry to say, it was on none of your ladyship’s that I saw
such good methods adopted. I hoped it was, I stopped my horse to
inquire. A queer-looking man, sitting on his horse like a tailor,
watching his men with a couple of the sharpest eyes I ever saw, and
dropping his h’s at every word, answered my question, and told me it was
his. I could not go on asking him who he was; but I fell into
conversation with him, and I gathered that he had earned some money in
trade in Birmingham, and had bought the estate (five hundred acres, I
think he said,) on which he was born, and now was setting himself to
cultivate it in downright earnest, going to Holkham and Woburn, and half
the country over, to get himself up on the subject.”

“It would be Brooke, that dissenting baker from Birmingham,” said my
lady in her most icy tone. “Mr. Smithson, I am sorry I have been
detaining you so long, but I think these are the letters you wished to

If her ladyship thought by this speech to quench Mr. Smithson she was
mistaken. Mr. Smithson just looked at the letters, and went on with the
old subject.

“Now, my lady, it struck me that if you had such a man to take poor
Horner’s place, he would work the rents and the land round most
satisfactorily. I should not despair of inducing this very man to
undertake the work. I should not mind speaking to him myself on the
subject, for we got capital friends over a snack of luncheon that he
asked me to share with him.”

Lady Ludlow fixed her eyes on Mr. Smithson as he spoke, and never took
them off his face until he had ended. She was silent a minute before she

“You are very good, Mr. Smithson, but I need not trouble you with any
such arrangements. I am going to write this afternoon to Captain James,
a friend of one of my sons, who has, I hear, been severely wounded at
Trafalgar, to request him to honour me by accepting Mr. Horner’s

“A Captain James! A captain in the navy! going to manage your ladyship’s

“If he will be so kind. I shall esteem it a condescension on his part;
but I hear that he will have to resign his profession, his state of
health is so bad, and a country life is especially prescribed for him. I
am in some hopes of tempting him here, as I learn he has but little to
depend on if he gives up his profession.”

“A Captain James! an invalid captain!”

“You think I am asking too great a favour,” continued my lady. (I never
could tell how far it was simplicity, or how far a kind of innocent
malice, that made her misinterpret Mr. Smithson’s words and looks as she
did.) “But he is not a post-captain, only a commander, and his pension
will be but small. I may be able, by offering him country air and a
healthy occupation, to restore him to health.”

“Occupation! My lady, may I ask how a sailor is to manage land? Why,
your tenants will laugh him to scorn.”

“My tenants, I trust, will not behave so ill as to laugh at any one I
choose to set over them. Captain James has had experience in managing
men. He has remarkable practical talents, and great common sense, as I
hear from every one. But, whatever he may be, the affair rests between
him and myself. I can only say I shall esteem myself fortunate if he

There was no more to be said, after my lady spoke in this manner. I had
heard her mention Captain James before, as a middy who had been very
kind to her son Urian. I thought I remembered then, that she had
mentioned that his family circumstances were not very prosperous. But, I
confess, that little as I knew of the management of land, I quite sided
with Mr. Smithson. He, silently prohibited from again speaking to my
lady on the subject, opened his mind to Miss Galindo, from whom I was
pretty sure to hear all the opinions and news of the household and
village. She had taken a great fancy to me, because she said I talked so
agreeably. I believe it was because I listened so well.

“Well, have you heard the news,” she began, “about this Captain James? A
sailor,--with a wooden leg, I have no doubt. What would the poor, dear,
deceased master have said to it, if he had known who was to be his
successor? My dear, I have often thought of the postman’s bringing me a
letter as one of the pleasures I shall miss in heaven. But, really, I
think Mr. Horner may be thankful he has got out of the reach of news; or
else he would hear of Mr. Smithson’s having made up to the Birmingham
baker, and of this one-legged Captain, coming to dot-and-go-one over the
estate. I suppose he will look after the labourers through a spy-glass.
I only hope he won’t stick in the mud with his wooden leg; for I, for
one, won’t help him out. Yes, I would,” said she, correcting herself; “I
would, for my lady’s sake.”

“But are you sure he has a wooden leg?” asked I. “I heard Lady Ludlow
tell Mr. Smithson about him, and she only spoke of him as wounded.”

“Well, sailors are almost always wounded in the leg. Look at Greenwich
Hospital! I should say there were twenty one-legged pensioners to one
without an arm there. But say he has got half-a-dozen legs, what is he
to do with managing land? I shall think him very impudent if he comes,
taking advantage of my lady’s kind heart.”

However, come he did. In a month from that time, the carriage was sent
to meet Captain James; just as three years before it had been sent to
meet me. His coming had been so much talked about that we were all as
curious as possible to see him, and to know how so unusual an
experiment, as it seemed to us, would answer. But, before I tell you
anything about our new agent, I must speak of something quite as
interesting, and I really think quite as important. And this was my
lady’s making friends with Harry Gregson. I do believe she did it for
Mr. Horner’s sake; but, of course, I can only conjecture why my lady did
anything. But I heard one day, from Mary Legard, that my lady had sent
for Harry to come and see her, if he was well enough to walk so far; and
the next day he was shown into the room he had been in once before under
such unlucky circumstances.

The lad looked pale enough, as he stood propping himself up on his
crutch, and the instant my lady saw him, she bade John Footman place a
stool for him to sit down upon while she spoke to him. It might be his
paleness that gave his whole face a more refined and gentle look; but I
suspect it was that the boy was apt to take impressions, and that Mr.
Horner’s grave, dignified ways, and Mr. Gray’s tender and quiet manners,
had altered him; and then the thoughts of illness and death seem to
turn many of us into gentlemen, and gentlewomen, as long as such
thoughts are in our minds. We cannot speak loudly or angrily at such
times; we are not apt to be eager about mere worldly things, for our
very awe at our quickened sense of the nearness of the invisible world,
makes us calm and serene about the petty trifles of to-day. At least, I
know that was the explanation Mr. Gray once gave me of what we all
thought the great improvement in Harry Gregson’s way of behaving.

My lady hesitated so long about what she had best say, that Harry grew a
little frightened at her silence. A few months ago it would have
surprised me more than it did now; but since my lord her son’s death,
she had seemed altered in many ways,--more uncertain and distrustful of
herself, as it were.

At last she said, and I think the tears were in her eyes: “My poor
little fellow, you have had a narrow escape with your life since I saw
you last.”

To this there was nothing to be said but “Yes;” and again there was

“And you have lost a good, kind friend, in Mr. Horner.”

The boy’s lips worked, and I think he said, “Please, don’t.” But I can’t
be sure; at any rate, my lady went on:

“And so have I,--a good, kind friend, he was to both of us; and to you
he wished to show his kindness in even a more generous way than he has
done. Mr. Gray has told you about his legacy to you, has he not?”

There was no sign of eager joy on the lad’s face, as if he realised the
power and pleasure of having what to him must have seemed like a

“Mr. Gray said as how he had left me a matter of money.”

“Yes, he has left you two hundred pounds.”

“But I would rather have had him alive, my lady,” he burst out, sobbing
as if his heart would break.

“My lad, I believe you. We would rather have had our dead alive, would
we not? and there is nothing in money that can comfort us for their
loss. But you know--Mr. Gray has told you--who has appointed us all our
times to die. Mr. Horner was a good, just man; and has done well and
kindly, both by me and you. You perhaps do not know” (and now I
understood what my lady had been making up her mind to say to Harry, all
the time she was hesitating how to begin) “that Mr. Horner, at one time,
meant to leave you a great deal more; probably all he had, with the
exception of a legacy to his old clerk, Morrison. But he knew that this
estate--on which my forefathers had lived for six hundred years--was in
debt, and that I had no immediate chance of paying off this debt; and
yet he felt that it was a very sad thing for an old property like this
to belong in part to those other men, who had lent the money. You
understand me, I think, my little man?” said she, questioning Harry’s

He had left off crying, and was trying to understand, with all his might
and main; and I think he had got a pretty good general idea of the state
of affairs; though probably he was puzzled by the term “the estate being
in debt.” But he was sufficiently interested to want my lady to go on;
and he nodded his head at her, to signify this to her.

“So Mr. Horner took the money which he once meant to be yours, and has
left the greater part of it to me, with the intention of helping me to
pay off this debt I have told you about. It will go a long way, and I
shall try hard to save the rest, and then I shall die happy in leaving
the land free from debt.” She paused. “But I shall not die happy in
thinking of you. I do not know if having money, or even having a great
estate and much honour, is a good thing for any of us. But God sees fit
that some of us should be called to this condition, and it is our duty
then to stand by our posts, like brave soldiers. Now, Mr. Horner
intended you to have this money first. I shall only call it borrowing it
from you, Harry Gregson, if I take it and use it to pay off the debt. I
shall pay Mr. Gray interest on this money, because he is to stand as
your guardian, as it were, till you come of age; and he must fix what
ought to be done with it, so as to fit you for spending the principal
rightly when the estate can repay it you. I suppose, now, it will be
right for you to be educated. That will be another snare that will come
with your money. But have courage, Harry. Both education and money may
be used rightly, if we only pray against the temptations they bring with

Harry could make no answer, though I am sure he understood it all. My
lady wanted to get him to talk to her a little, by way of becoming
acquainted with what was passing in his mind; and she asked him what he
would like to have done with his money, if he could have part of it now?
To such a simple question, involving no talk about feelings, his answer
came readily enough.

“Build a cottage for father, with stairs in it, and give Mr. Gray a
school-house. O, father does so want Mr. Gray for to have his wish!
Father saw all the stones lying quarried and hewn on Farmer Hale’s land;
Mr. Gray had paid for them all himself. And father said he would work
night and day, and little Tommy should carry mortar, if the parson would
let him, sooner than that he should be fretted and frabbed as he was,
with no one giving him a helping hand or a kind word.”

Harry knew nothing of my lady’s part in the affair; that was very clear.
My lady kept silence.

“If I might have a piece of my money, I would buy land from Mr. Brooke:
he has got a bit to sell just at the corner of Hendon Lane, and I would
give it to Mr. Gray; and, perhaps, if your ladyship thinks I may be
learned again, I might grow up into the schoolmaster.”

“You are a good boy,” said my lady. “But there are more things to be
thought of, in carrying out such a plan, than you are aware of. However,
it shall be tried.”

“The school, my lady?” I exclaimed, almost thinking she did not know
what she was saying.

“Yes, the school. For Mr. Horner’s sake, for Mr. Gray’s sake, and last,
not least, for this lad’s sake, I will give the new plan a trial. Ask
Mr. Gray to come up to me this afternoon about the land he wants. He
need not go to a Dissenter for it. And tell your father he shall have a
good share in the building of it, and Tommy shall carry the mortar.”

“And I may be schoolmaster?” asked Harry, eagerly.

“We’ll see about that,” said my lady, amused. “It will be some time
before that plan comes to pass, my little fellow.”

And now to return to Captain James. My first account of him was from
Miss Galindo.

“He’s not above thirty; and I must just pack up my pens and my paper,
and be off; for it would be the height of impropriety for me to be
staying here as his clerk. It was all very well in the old master’s
days. But here am I, not fifty till next May, and this young unmarried
man, who is not even a widower! O, there would be no end of gossip.
Besides, he looks as askance at me as I do at him. My black silk gown
had no effect. He’s afraid I shall marry him. But I won’t; he may feel
himself quite safe from that. And Mr. Smithson has been recommending a
clerk to my lady. She would far rather keep me on; but I can’t stop. I
really could not think it proper.”

“What sort of a looking man is he?”

“O, nothing particular. Short, and brown, and sunburnt. I did not think
it became me to look at him. Well, now for the nightcaps. I should have
grudged any one else doing them, for I have got such a pretty pattern!”

But, when it came to Miss Galindo’s leaving, there was a great
misunderstanding between her and my lady. Miss Galindo had imagined
that my lady had asked her as a favour to copy the letters, and enter
the accounts, and had agreed to do the work without a notion of being
paid for so doing. She had, now and then, grieved over a very profitable
order for needlework passing out of her hands on account of her not
having time to do it, because of her occupation at the Hall; but she had
never hinted this to my lady, but gone on cheerfully at her writing as
long as her clerkship was required. My lady was annoyed that she had not
made her intention of paying Miss Galindo more clear, in the first
conversation she had had with her; but I suppose that she had been too
delicate to be very explicit with regard to money matters; and now Miss
Galindo was quite hurt at my lady’s wanting to pay her for what she had
done in such right-down goodwill.

“No,” Miss Galindo said; “my own dear lady, you may be as angry with me
as you like, but don’t offer me money. Think of six-and-twenty years
ago, and poor Arthur, and as you were to me then! Besides, I wanted
money--I don’t disguise it--for a particular purpose; and when I found
that (God bless you for asking me!) I could do you a service, I turned
it over in my mind, and I gave up one plan and took up another, and it’s
all settled now. Bessy is to leave school and come and live with me.
Don’t, please, offer me money again. You don’t know how glad I have been
to do anything for you. Have not I, Margaret Dawson? Did you not hear me
say, one day, I would cut off my hand for my lady; for am I a stock or a
stone, that I should forget kindness? O, I have been so glad to work for
you. And now Bessy is coming here; and no one knows anything about
her--as if she had done anything wrong, poor child!”

“Dear Miss Galindo,” replied my lady, “I will never ask you to take
money again. Only I thought it was quite understood between us. And, you
know, you have taken money for a set of morning wrappers, before now.”

“Yes, my lady; but that was not confidential. Now I was so proud to have
something to do for you confidentially.”

“But who is Bessy?” asked my lady. “I do not understand who she is, or
why she is to come and live with you. Dear Miss Galindo, you must honour
me by being confidential with me in your turn!”


I had always understood that Miss Galindo had once been in much better
circumstances, but I had never liked to ask any questions respecting
her. But about this time many things came out respecting her former
life, which I will try and arrange; not, however, in the order in which
I heard them, but rather as they occurred.

Miss Galindo was the daughter of a clergyman in Westmoreland. Her father
was the younger brother of a baronet, his ancestor having been one of
those of James the First’s creation. This baronet-uncle of Miss Galindo
was one of the queer, out-of-the-way people who were bred at that time,
and in that northern district of England. I never heard much of him from
any one, besides this one great fact: that he had early disappeared from
his family, which indeed only consisted of a brother and sister who died
unmarried, and lived no one knew where,--somewhere on the Continent it
was supposed, for he had never returned from the grand tour which he had
been sent to make, according to the general fashion of the day, as soon
as he left Oxford. He corresponded occasionally with his brother the
clergyman; but the letters passed through a banker’s hands; the banker
being pledged to secrecy, and, as he told Mr. Galindo, having the
penalty, if he broke his pledge, of losing the whole profitable
business, and of having the management of the baronet’s affairs taken
out of his hands without any advantage accruing to the inquirer, for Sir
Lawrence had told Messrs. Graham that, in case his place of residence
was revealed by them, not only would he cease to bank with them, but
instantly take measures to baffle any future inquiries as to his
whereabouts, by removing to some distant country.

Sir Lawrence paid a certain sum of money to his brother’s account every
year; but the time of this payment varied, and it was sometimes eighteen
or nineteen months between the deposits; then, again, it would not be
above a quarter of the time, showing that he intended it to be annual,
but, as this intention was never expressed in words, it was impossible
to rely upon it, and a great deal of this money was swallowed up by the
necessity Mr. Galindo felt himself under of living in the large, old,
rambling family mansion, which had been one of Sir Lawrence’s rarely
expressed desires. Mr. and Mrs. Galindo often planned to live upon
their own small fortune and the income derived from the living (a
vicarage, of which the great tithes went to Sir Lawrence as lay
impropriator), so as to put-by the payments made by the baronet, for the
benefit of Laurentia--our Miss Galindo. But I suppose they found it
difficult to live economically in a large house, even though they had it
rent free. They had to keep up with hereditary neighbours and friends,
and could hardly help doing it in the hereditary manner.

One of these neighbours, a Mr. Gibson, had a son a few years older than
Laurentia. The families were sufficiently intimate for the young people
to see a good deal of each other: and I was told that this young Mr.
Mark Gibson was an unusually prepossessing man (he seemed to have
impressed every one who spoke of him to me as being a handsome, manly,
kind-hearted fellow), just what a girl would be sure to find most
agreeable. The parents either forgot that their children were growing up
to man’s and woman’s estate, or thought that the intimacy and probable
attachment would be no bad thing, even if it did lead to a marriage.
Still, nothing was ever said by young Gibson till later on, when it was
too late, as it turned out. He went to and from Oxford; he shot and
fished with Mr. Galindo, or came to the Mere to skate in winter-time;
was asked to accompany Mr. Galindo to the Hall, as the latter returned
to the quiet dinner with his wife and daughter; and so, and so, it went
on, nobody much knew how, until one day, when Mr. Galindo received a
formal letter from his brother’s bankers, announcing Sir Lawrence’s
death, of malaria fever, at Albano, and congratulating Sir Hubert on his
accession to the estates and the baronetcy. The king is dead--“Long live
the king!” as I have since heard that the French express it.

Sir Hubert and his wife were greatly surprised. Sir Lawrence was but two
years older than his brother; and they had never heard of any illness
till they heard of his death. They were sorry; very much shocked; but
still a little elated at the succession to the baronetcy and estates.
The London bankers had managed everything well. There was a large sum of
ready money in their hands, at Sir Hubert’s service, until he should
touch his rents, the rent-roll being eight thousand a-year. And only
Laurentia to inherit it all! Her mother, a poor clergyman’s daughter,
began to plan all sorts of fine marriages for her; nor was her father
much behind his wife in his ambition. They took her up to London, when
they went to buy new carriages, and dresses, and furniture. And it was
then and there she made my lady’s acquaintance. How it was that they
came to take a fancy to each other, I cannot say. My lady was of the old
nobility,--grand, composed, gentle, and stately in her ways. Miss
Galindo must always have been hurried in her manner, and her energy must
have shown itself in inquisitiveness and oddness even in her youth. But
I don’t pretend to account for things: I only narrate them. And the fact
was this:--that the elegant, fastidious Countess was attracted to the
country girl, who on her part almost worshipped my lady. My lady’s
notice of their daughter made her parent’s think, I suppose, that there
was no match that she might not command; she, the heiress of eight
thousand a-year, and visiting about among earls and dukes. So when they
came back to their old Westmoreland Hall, and Mark Gibson rode over to
offer his hand and his heart, and prospective estate of nine hundred
a-year to his old companion and playfellow, Laurentia, Sir Hubert and
Lady Galindo made very short work of it. They refused him plumply
themselves, and when he begged to be allowed to speak to Laurentia, they
found some excuse for refusing him the opportunity of so doing, until
they had talked to her themselves, and brought up every argument and
fact in their power to convince her--a plain girl, and conscious of her
plainness--that Mr. Mark Gibson had never thought of her in the way of
marriage till after her father’s accession to his fortune; and that it
was the estate--not the young lady--that he was in love with. I suppose
it will never be known in this world how far this supposition of theirs
was true. My Lady Ludlow had always spoken as if it was; but perhaps
events, which came to her knowledge about this time, altered her
opinion. At any rate, the end of it was, Laurentia refused Mark, and
almost broke her heart in doing so. He discovered the suspicions of Sir
Hubert and Lady Galindo, and that they had persuaded their daughter to
share in them. So he flung off with high words, saying that they did not
know a true heart when they met with one; and that, although he had
never offered till after Sir Lawrence’s death, yet that his father knew
all along that he had been attached to Laurentia, only that he, being
the eldest of five children, and having as yet no profession, had had to
conceal, rather than to express, an attachment, which, in those days, he
had believed was reciprocated. He had always meant to study for the bar,
and the end of all he had hoped for had been to earn a moderate income,
which he might ask Laurentia to share. This, or something like it, was
what he said. But his reference to his father cut two ways. Old Mr.
Gibson was known to be very keen about money. It was just as likely
that he would urge Mark to make love to the heiress, now she was an
heiress, as that he would have restrained him previously, as Mark said
he had done. When this was repeated to Mark, he became proudly reserved,
or sullen, and said that Laurentia, at any rate, might have known him
better. He left the country, and went up to London to study law soon
afterwards; and Sir Hubert and Lady Galindo thought they were well rid
of him. But Laurentia never ceased reproaching herself, and never did to
her dying day, as I believe. The words, “she might have known me
better,” told to her by some kind friend or other, rankled in her mind,
and were never forgotten. Her father and mother took her up to London
the next year; but she did not care to visit--dreaded going out even for
a drive, lest she should see Mark Gibson’s reproachful eyes--pined and
lost her health. Lady Ludlow saw this change with regret, and was told
the cause by Lady Galindo, who, of course, gave her own version of
Mark’s conduct and motives. My lady never spoke to Miss Galindo about
it, but tried constantly to interest and please her. It was at this time
that my lady told Miss Galindo so much about her own early life, and
about Hanbury, that Miss Galindo resolved, if ever she could, she would
go and see the old place which her friend loved so well. The end of it
all was, that she came to live there, as we know.

But a great change was to come first. Before Sir Hubert and Lady Galindo
had left London on this, their second visit, they had a letter from the
lawyer, whom they employed, saying that Sir Lawrence had left an heir,
his legitimate child by an Italian woman of low rank; at least, legal
claims to the title and property had been sent into him on the boy’s
behalf. Sir Lawrence had always been a man of adventurous and artistic,
rather than of luxurious tastes; and it was supposed, when all came to
be proved at the trial, that he was captivated by the free, beautiful
life they lead in Italy, and had married this Neapolitan fisherman’s
daughter, who had people about her shrewd enough to see that the
ceremony was legally performed. She and her husband had wandered about
the shores of the Mediterranean for years, leading a happy, careless,
irresponsible life, unencumbered by any duties except those connected
with a rather numerous family. It was enough for her that they never
wanted money, and that her husband’s love was always continued to her.
She hated the name of England--wicked, cold, heretic England--and
avoided the mention of any subjects connected with her husband’s early
life. So that, when he died at Albano, she was almost roused out of her
vehement grief to anger with the Italian doctor, who declared that he
must write to a certain address to announce the death of Lawrence
Galindo. For some time, she feared lest English barbarians might come
down upon her, making a claim to the children. She hid herself and them
in the Abruzzi, living upon the sale of what furniture and jewels Sir
Lawrence had died possessed of. When these failed, she returned to
Naples, which she had not visited since her marriage. Her father was
dead; but her brother inherited some of his keenness. He interested the
priests, who made inquiries and found that the Galindo succession was
worth securing to an heir of the true faith. They stirred about it,
obtained advice at the English Embassy; and hence that letter to the
lawyers, calling upon Sir Hubert to relinquish title and property, and
to refund what money he had expended. He was vehement in his opposition
to this claim. He could not bear to think of his brother having married
a foreigner--a papist, a fisherman’s daughter; nay, of his having become
a papist himself. He was in despair at the thought of his ancestral
property going to the issue of such a marriage. He fought tooth and
nail, making enemies of his relations, and losing almost all his own
private property; for he would go on against the lawyer’s advice, long
after every one was convinced except himself and his wife. At last he
was conquered. He gave up his living in gloomy despair. He would have
changed his name if he could, so desirous was he to obliterate all tie
between himself and the mongrel papist baronet and his Italian mother,
and all the succession of children and nurses who came to take
possession of the Hall soon after Mr. Hubert Galindo’s departure, stayed
there one winter, and then flitted back to Naples with gladness and
delight. Mr. and Mrs. Hubert Galindo lived in London. He had obtained a
curacy somewhere in the city. They would have been thankful now if Mr.
Mark Gibson had renewed his offer. No one could accuse him of mercenary
motives if he had done so. Because he did not come forward, as they
wished, they brought his silence up as a justification of what they had
previously attributed to him. I don’t know what Miss Galindo thought
herself; but Lady Ludlow has told me how she shrank from hearing her
parents abuse him. Lady Ludlow supposed that he was aware that they were
living in London. His father must have known the fact, and it was
curious if he had never named it to his son. Besides, the name was very
uncommon; and it was unlikely that it should never come across him, in
the advertisements of charity sermons which the new and rather eloquent
curate of Saint Mark’s East was asked to preach. All this time Lady
Ludlow never lost sight of them, for Miss Galindo’s sake. And when the
father and mother died, it was my lady who upheld Miss Galindo in her
determination not to apply for any provision to her cousin, the Italian
baronet, but rather to live upon the hundred a-year which had been
settled on her mother and the children of his son Hubert’s marriage by
the old grandfather, Sir Lawrence.

Mr. Mark Gibson had risen to some eminence as a barrister on the
Northern Circuit; but had died unmarried in the lifetime of his father,
a victim (so people said) to intemperance. Doctor Trevor, the physician
who had been called in to Mr. Gray and Harry Gregson, had married a
sister of his. And that was all my lady knew about the Gibson family.
But who was Bessy?

That mystery and secret came out, too, in process of time. Miss Galindo
had been to Warwick, some years before I arrived at Hanbury, on some
kind of business or shopping, which can only be transacted in a county
town. There was an old Westmoreland connection between her and Mrs.
Trevor, though I believe the latter was too young to have been made
aware of her brother’s offer to Miss Galindo at the time when it took
place; and such affairs, if they are unsuccessful, are seldom spoken
about in the gentleman’s family afterwards. But the Gibsons and Galindos
had been county neighbours too long for the connection not to be kept
up between two members settled far away from their early homes. Miss
Galindo always desired her parcels to be sent to Doctor Trevor’s, when
she went to Warwick for shopping purchases. If she were going any
journey, and the coach did not come through Warwick as soon as she
arrived (in my lady’s coach or otherwise) from Hanbury, she went to
Doctor Trevor’s to wait. She was as much expected to sit down to the
household meals as if she had been one of the family; and in after-years
it was Mrs. Trevor who managed her repository business for her.

So, on the day I spoke of, she had gone to Doctor Trevor’s to rest, and
possibly to dine. The post in those times came in at all hours of the
morning; and Doctor Trevor’s letters had not arrived until after his
departure on his morning round. Miss Galindo was sitting down to dinner
with Mrs. Trevor and her seven children, when the Doctor came in. He was
flurried and uncomfortable, and hurried the children away as soon as he
decently could. Then (rather feeling Miss Galindo’s presence an
advantage, both as a present restraint on the violence of his wife’s
grief, and as a consoler when he was absent on his afternoon round), he
told Mrs. Trevor of her brother’s death. He had been taken ill on
circuit, and had hurried back to his chambers in London, only to die.
She cried terribly; but Doctor Trevor said afterwards, he never noticed
that Miss Galindo cared much about it one way or another. She helped him
to soothe his wife, promised to stay with her all the afternoon instead
of returning to Hanbury, and afterwards offered to remain with her while
the Doctor went to attend the funeral. When they heard of the old
love-story between the dead man and Miss Galindo,--brought up by mutual
friends in Westmoreland, in the review which we are all inclined to take
of the events of a man’s life when he comes to die,--they tried to
remember Miss Galindo’s speeches and ways of going on during this visit.
She was a little pale, a little silent; her eyes were sometimes swollen,
and her nose red; but she was at an age when such appearances are
generally attributed to a bad cold in the head, rather than to any more
sentimental reason. They felt towards her as towards an old friend, a
kindly, useful, eccentric old maid. She did not expect more, or wish
them to remember that she might once have had other hopes, and more
youthful feelings. Doctor Trevor thanked her very warmly for staying
with his wife, when he returned home from London (where the funeral had
taken place). He begged Miss Galindo to stay with them, when the
children were gone to bed, and she was preparing to leave the husband
and wife by themselves. He told her and his wife many particulars--then
paused--then went on--

“And Mark has left a child--a little girl----”

“But he never was married,” exclaimed Mrs. Trevor.

“A little girl,” continued her husband, “whose mother, I conclude, is
dead. At any rate, the child was in possession of his chambers; she and
an old nurse, who seemed to have the charge of everything, and has
cheated poor Mark, I should fancy, not a little.”

“But the child!” asked Mrs. Trevor, still almost breathless with
astonishment. “How do you know it is his?”

“The nurse told me it was, with great appearance of indignation at my
doubting it. I asked the little thing her name, and all I could get was
‘Bessy!’ and a cry of ‘Me wants papa!’ The nurse said the mother was
dead, and she knew no more about it than that Mr. Gibson had engaged her
to take care of the little girl, calling it his child. One or two of his
lawyer friends, whom I met with at the funeral, told me they were aware
of the existence of the child.”

“What is to be done with her?” asked Mrs. Gibson.

“Nay, I don’t know,” replied he. “Mark has hardly left assets enough to
pay his debts, and your father is not inclined to come forward.”

That night, as Doctor Trevor sat in his study, after his wife had gone
to bed, Miss Galindo knocked at his door. She and he had a long
conversation. The result was that he accompanied Miss Galindo up to town
the next day; that they took possession of the little Bessy, and she was
brought down, and placed at nurse at a farm in the country near Warwick,
Miss Galindo undertaking to pay one-half the expense, and to furnish her
with clothes, and Dr. Trevor undertaking that the remaining half should
be furnished by the Gibson family, or by himself in their default.

Miss Galindo was not fond of children, and I daresay she dreaded taking
this child to live with her for more reasons than one. My Lady Ludlow
could not endure any mention of illegitimate children. It was a
principle of hers that society ought to ignore them. And I believe Miss
Galindo had always agreed with her until now, when the thing came home
to her womanly heart. Still she shrank from having this child of some
strange woman under her roof. She went over to see it from time to time;
she worked at its clothes long after every one thought she was in bed;
and, when the time came for Bessy to be sent to school, Miss Galindo
laboured away more diligently than ever, in order to pay the increased
expense. For the Gibson family had, at first, paid their part of the
compact, but with unwillingness and grudging hearts; then they had left
it off altogether, and it fell hard on Doctor Trevor with his twelve
children; and, latterly, Miss Galindo had taken upon herself almost all
the burden. One can hardly live and labour, and plan and make
sacrifices, for any human creature, without learning to love it. And
Bessy loved Miss Galindo, too, for all the poor girl’s scanty pleasures
came from her, and Miss Galindo had always a kind word, and, latterly,
many a kind caress, for Mark Gibson’s child; whereas, if she went to
Doctor Trevor’s for her holiday, she was overlooked and neglected in
that bustling family, who seemed to think that if she had comfortable
board and lodging under their roof, it was enough.

I am sure, now, that Miss Galindo had often longed to have Bessy to live
with her; but, as long as she could pay for her being at school, she did
not like to take so bold a step as bringing her home, knowing what the
effect of the consequent explanation would be on my lady. And as the
girl was now more than seventeen, and past the age when young ladies are
usually kept at school, and as there was no great demand for governesses
in those days, and as Bessy had never been taught any trade by which to
earn her own living, why I don’t exactly see what could have been done
but for Miss Galindo to bring her to her own home in Hanbury. For,
although the child had grown up lately, in a kind of unexpected manner,
into a young woman, Miss Galindo might have kept her at school for a
year longer, if she could have afforded it; but this was impossible when
she became Mr. Horner’s clerk, and relinquished all the payment of her
repository work; and perhaps, after all, she was not sorry to be
compelled to take the step she was longing for. At any rate, Bessy came
to live with Miss Galindo, in a very few weeks from the time when
Captain James set Miss Galindo free to superintend her own domestic
economy again.

For a long time, I knew nothing about this new inhabitant of Hanbury. My
lady never mentioned her in any way. This was in accordance with Lady
Ludlow’s well-known principles. She neither saw nor heard, nor was in
any way cognisant of the existence of those who had no legal right to
exist at all. If Miss Galindo had hoped to have an exception made in
Bessy’s favour, she was mistaken. My lady sent a note inviting Miss
Galindo herself to tea one evening, about a month after Bessy came; but
Miss Galindo “had a cold and could not come.” The next time she was
invited, she “had an engagement at home”--a step nearer to the absolute
truth. And the third time, she “had a young friend staying with her whom
she was unable to leave.” My lady accepted every excuse as bonâ fide,
and took no further notice. I missed Miss Galindo very much; we all
did; for, in the days when she was clerk, she was sure to come in and
find the opportunity of saying something amusing to some of us before
she went away. And I, as an invalid, or perhaps from natural tendency,
was particularly fond of little bits of village gossip. There was no Mr.
Horner--he even had come in, now and then, with formal, stately pieces
of intelligence--and there was no Miss Galindo, in these days. I missed
her much. And so did my lady, I am sure. Behind all her quiet, sedate
manner, I am certain her heart ached sometimes for a few words from Miss
Galindo, who seemed to have absented herself altogether from the Hall
now Bessy was come.

Captain James might be very sensible, and all that; but not even my lady
could call him a substitute for the old familiar friends. He was a
thorough sailor, as sailors were in those days--swore a good deal, drank
a good deal (without its ever affecting him in the least), and was very
prompt and kind-hearted in all his actions; but he was not accustomed to
women, as my lady once said, and would judge in all things for himself.
My lady had expected, I think, to find some one who would take his
notions on the management of her estate from her ladyship’s own self;
but he spoke as if he were responsible for the good management of the
whole, and must, consequently, be allowed full liberty of action. He had
been too long in command over men at sea to like to be directed by a
woman in anything he undertook, even though that woman was my lady. I
suppose this was the common-sense my lady spoke of; but when
common-sense goes against us, I don’t think we value it quite so much as
we ought to do.

Lady Ludlow was proud of her personal superintendence of her own estate.
She liked to tell us how her father used to take her with him in his
rides, and bid her observe this and that, and on no account to allow
such and such things to be done. But I have heard that the first time
she told all this to Captain James, he told her point-blank that he had
heard from Mr. Smithson that the farms were much neglected and the rents
sadly behind-hand, and that he meant to set to in good earnest and study
agriculture, and see how he could remedy the state of things. My lady
would, I am sure, be greatly surprised, but what could she do? Here was
the very man she had chosen herself, setting to with all his energy to
conquer the defect of ignorance, which was all that those who had
presumed to offer her ladyship advice had ever had to say against him.
Captain James read Arthur Young’s ‘Tours’ in all his spare time, as long
as he was an invalid; and shook his head at my lady’s accounts as to
how the land had been cropped or left fallow from time immemorial. Then
he set to, and tried too many new experiments at once. My lady looked on
in dignified silence; but all the farmers and tenants were in an uproar,
and prophesied a hundred failures. Perhaps fifty did occur; they were
only half as many as Lady Ludlow had feared; but they were twice as
many, four, eight times as many as the captain had anticipated. His
openly-expressed disappointment made him popular again. The rough
country people could not have understood silent and dignified regret at
the failure of his plans; but they sympathised with a man who swore at
his ill success--sympathised, even while they chuckled over his
discomfiture. Mr. Brooke, the retired tradesman, did not cease blaming
him for not succeeding, and for swearing. “But what could you expect
from a sailor?” Mr. Brooke asked, even in my lady’s hearing; though he
might have known Captain James was my lady’s own personal choice, from
the old friendship Mr. Urian had always shown for him. I think it was
this speech of the Birmingham baker’s that made my lady determine to
stand by Captain James, and encourage him to try again. For she would
not allow that her choice had been an unwise one, at the bidding (as it
were) of a Dissenting tradesman; the only person in the neighbourhood,
too, who had flaunted about in coloured clothes, when all the world was
in mourning for my lady’s only son.

Captain James would have thrown the agency up at once, if my lady had
not felt herself bound to justify the wisdom of her choice, by urging
him to stay. He was much touched by her confidence in him, and swore a
great oath, that the next year he would make the land such as it had
never been before for produce. It was not my lady’s way to repeat
anything she had heard, especially to another person’s disadvantage. So
I don’t think she ever told Captain James of Mr. Brooke’s speech about a
sailor’s being likely to mismanage the property; and the captain was too
anxious to succeed in this, the second year of his trial, to be above
going to the flourishing, shrewd Mr. Brooke, and asking for his advice
as to the best method of working the estate. I dare say, if Miss Galindo
had been as intimate as formerly at the Hall, we should all of us have
heard of this new acquaintance of the agent’s long before we did. As it
was, I am sure my lady never dreamed that the captain, who held opinions
that were even more Church and King than her own, could ever have made
friends with a Baptist baker from Birmingham, even to serve her
ladyship’s own interests in the most loyal manner.

We heard of it first from Mr. Gray, who came now often to see my lady,
for neither he nor she could forget the solemn tie which the fact of his
being the person to acquaint her with my lord’s death had created
between them. For true and holy words spoken at that time, though having
no reference to aught below the solemn subjects of life and death, had
made her withdraw her opposition to Mr. Gray’s wish about establishing a
village school. She had sighed a little, it is true, and was even yet
more apprehensive than hopeful as to the result; but, almost as if as a
memorial to my lord, she had allowed a kind of rough school-house to be
built on the green, just by the church; and had gently used the power
she undoubtedly had, in expressing her strong wish that the boys might
only be taught to read and write, and the first four rules of
arithmetic; while the girls were only to learn to read, and to add up in
their heads, and the rest of the time to work at mending their own
clothes, knitting stockings and spinning. My lady presented the school
with more spinning-wheels than there were girls, and requested that
there might be a rule that they should have spun so many hanks of flax,
and knitted so many pairs of stockings, before they ever were taught to
read at all. After all, it was but making the best of a bad job with my
poor lady--but life was not what it had been to her. I remember well
the day that Mr. Gray pulled some delicately fine yarn (and I was a good
judge of those things) out of his pocket, and laid it and a capital pair
of knitted stockings before my lady, as the first-fruits, so to say, of
his school. I recollect seeing her put on her spectacles, and carefully
examine both productions. Then she passed them to me.

“This is well, Mr. Gray. I am much pleased. You are fortunate in your
schoolmistress. She has had both proper knowledge of womanly things and
much patience. Who is she? One out of our village?”

“My lady,” said Mr. Gray, stammering and colouring in his old fashion,
“Miss Bessy is so very kind as to teach all those sorts of things--Miss
Bessy, and Miss Galindo, sometimes.”

My lady looked at him over her spectacles: but she only repeated the
words “Miss Bessy,” and paused, as if trying to remember who such a
person could be; and he, if he had then intended to say more, was
quelled by her manner, and dropped the subject. He went on to say, that
he had thought it his duty to decline the subscription to his school
offered by Mr. Brooke, because he was a Dissenter; that he (Mr. Gray)
feared that Captain James, through whom Mr. Brooke’s offer of money had
been made, was offended at his refusing to accept it from a man who
held heterodox opinions; nay, whom Mr. Gray suspected of being infected
by Dodwell’s heresy.

“I think there must be some mistake,” said my lady, “or I have
misunderstood you. Captain James would never be sufficiently with a
schismatic to be employed by that man Brooke in distributing his
charities. I should have doubted, until now, if Captain James knew him.”

“Indeed, my lady, he not only knows him, but is intimate with him, I
regret to say. I have repeatedly seen the captain and Mr. Brooke walking
together; going through the fields together; and people do say----”

My lady looked up in interrogation at Mr. Gray’s pause.

“I disapprove of gossip, and it may be untrue; but people do say that
Captain James is very attentive to Miss Brooke.”

“Impossible!” said my lady, indignantly. “Captain James is a loyal and
religious man. I beg your pardon, Mr. Gray, but it is impossible.”


Like many other things which have been declared to be impossible, this
report of Captain James being attentive to Miss Brooke turned out to be
very true.

The mere idea of her agent being on the slightest possible terms of
acquaintance with the Dissenter, the tradesman, the Birmingham democrat,
who had come to settle in our good, orthodox, aristocratic, and
agricultural Hanbury, made my lady very uneasy. Miss Galindo’s
misdemeanor in having taken Miss Bessy to live with her, faded into a
mistake, a mere error of judgment, in comparison with Captain James’s
intimacy at Yeast House, as the Brookes called their ugly square-built
farm. My lady talked herself quite into complacency with Miss Galindo,
and even Miss Bessy was named by her, the first time I had ever been
aware that my lady recognised her existence; but--I recollect it was a
long rainy afternoon, and I sat with her ladyship, and we had time and
opportunity for a long uninterrupted talk--whenever we had been silent
for a little while, she began again, with something like a wonder how
it was that Captain James could ever have commenced an acquaintance with
“that man Brooke.” My lady recapitulated all the times she could
remember, that anything had occurred, or been said by Captain James
which she could now understand as throwing light upon the subject.

“He said once that he was anxious to bring in the Norfolk system of
cropping, and spoke a good deal about Mr. Coke of Holkham (who, by the
way, was no more a Coke than I am--collateral in the female line--which
counts for little or nothing among the great old commoners’ families of
pure blood), and his new ways of cultivation; of course new men bring in
new ways, but it does not follow that either are better than the old
ways. However, Captain James has been very anxious to try turnips and
bone manure, and he really is a man of such good sense and energy, and
was so sorry last year about the failure, that I consented; and now I
begin to see my error. I have always heard that town bakers adulterate
their flour with bone-dust; and, of course, Captain James would be aware
of this, and go to Brooke to inquire where the article was to be

My lady always ignored the fact which had sometimes, I suspect, been
brought under her very eyes during her drives, that Mr. Brooke’s few
fields were in a state of far higher cultivation than her own; so she
could not, of course, perceive that there was any wisdom to be gained
from asking the advice of the tradesman turned farmer.

But by-and-by this fact of her agent’s intimacy with the person whom in
the whole world she most disliked (with that sort of dislike in which a
large amount of uncomfortableness is combined--the dislike which
conscientious people sometimes feel to another without knowing why, and
yet which they cannot indulge in with comfort to themselves without
having a moral reason why), came before my lady in many shapes. For,
indeed, I am sure that Captain James was not a man to conceal or be
ashamed of one of his actions. I cannot fancy his ever lowering his
strong loud clear voice, or having a confidential conversation with any
one. When his crops had failed, all the village had known it. He
complained, he regretted, he was angry, or owned himself a ---- fool,
all down the village street; and the consequence was that, although he
was a far more passionate man than Mr. Horner, all the tenants liked him
far better. People, in general, take a kindlier interest in any one, the
workings of whose mind and heart they can watch and understand, than in
a man who only lets you know what he has been thinking about and
feeling, by what he does. But Harry Gregson was faithful to the memory
of Mr. Horner. Miss Galindo has told me that she used to watch him
hobble out of the way of Captain James, as if to accept his notice,
however good-naturedly given, would have been a kind of treachery to his
former benefactor. But Gregson (the father) and the new agent rather
took to each other; and one day, much to my surprise, I heard that the
“poaching, tinkering vagabond,” as people used to call Gregson when I
first had come to live at Hanbury, had been appointed gamekeeper; Mr.
Gray standing godfather, as it were, to his trustworthiness, if he were
trusted with anything: which I thought at the time was rather an
experiment, only it answered, as many of Mr. Gray’s deeds of daring did.
It was curious how he was growing to be a kind of autocrat in the
village; and how unconscious he was of it. He was as shy and awkward and
nervous as ever in any affair that was not of some moral consequence to
him. But as soon as he was convinced that a thing was right, he “shut
his eyes and ran and butted at it like a ram,” as Captain James once
expressed it, in talking over something Mr. Gray had done. People in the
village said, “they never knew what the parson would be at next;” or
they might have said “where his reverence would next turn up.” For I
have heard of his marching right into the middle of a set of poachers,
gathered together for some desperate midnight enterprise, or walking
into a public-house that lay just beyond the bounds of my lady’s estate,
and in that extra-parochial piece of ground I named long ago, and which
was considered the rendezvous of all the ne’er-do-weel characters for
miles round, and where a parson and a constable were held in much the
same kind of esteem, as unwelcome visitors. And yet Mr. Gray had his
long fits of depression, in which he felt as if he were doing nothing,
making no way in his work, useless and unprofitable, and better out of
the world than in it. In comparison with the work he had set himself to
do, what he did seemed to be nothing. I suppose it was constitutional,
those attacks of lowness of spirits which he had about this time;
perhaps a part of the nervousness which made him always so awkward when
he came to the Hall. Even Mrs. Medlicott, who almost worshipped the
ground he trod on, as the saying is, owned that Mr. Gray never entered
one of my lady’s rooms without knocking down something, and too often
breaking it. He would much sooner have faced a desperate poacher than a
young lady any day. At least so we thought.

I do not know how it was that it came to pass that my lady became
reconciled to Miss Galindo about this time. Whether it was that her
ladyship was weary of the unspoken coolness with her old friend; or that
the specimens of delicate sewing and fine spinning at the school had
mollified her towards Miss Bessy; but I was surprised to learn one day
that Miss Galindo and her young friend were coming that very evening to
tea at the Hall. This information was given me by Mrs. Medlicott, as a
message from my lady, who further went on to desire that certain little
preparations should be made in her own private sitting-room, in which
the greater part of my days were spent. From the nature of these
preparations, I became quite aware that my lady intended to do honour to
her expected visitors. Indeed Lady Ludlow never forgave by halves, as I
have known some people do. Whoever was coming as a visitor to my lady,
peeress, or poor nameless girl, there was a certain amount of
preparation required, in order to do them fitting honour. I do not mean
to say that the preparation was of the same degree of importance in each
case. I dare say, if a peeress had come to visit us at the Hall, the
covers would have been taken off the furniture in the white drawing-room
(they never were uncovered all the time I stayed at the Hall), because
my lady would wish to offer her the ornaments and luxuries which this
grand visitor (who never came--I wish she had! I did so want to see that
furniture uncovered!) was accustomed to at home, and to present them to
her in the best order in which my lady could. The same rule, modified,
held good with Miss Galindo. Certain things, in which my lady knew she
took an interest, were laid out ready for her to examine on this very
day; and, what was more, great books of prints were laid out, such as I
remembered my lady had had brought forth to beguile my own early days of
illness,--Mr. Hogarth’s works, and the like,--which I was sure were put
out for Miss Bessy.

No one knows how curious I was to see this mysterious Miss Bessy--twenty
times more mysterious, of course, for want of her surname. And then
again (to try and account for my great curiosity, of which in
recollection I am more than half ashamed), I had been leading the quiet
monotonous life of a crippled invalid for many years,--shut up from any
sight of new faces; and this was to be the face of one whom I had
thought about so much and so long,--Oh! I think I might be excused.

Of course, they drank tea in the great hall, with the four young
gentlewomen, who, with myself, formed the small bevy now under her
ladyship’s charge. Of those who were at Hanbury when first I came, none
remained; all were married, or gone once more to live at some home which
could be called their own, whether the ostensible head were father or
brother. I myself was not without some hopes of a similar kind. My
brother Harry was now a curate in Westmoreland, and wanted me to go and
live with him, as eventually I did for a time. But that is neither here
nor there at present. What I am talking about is Miss Bessy.

After a reasonable time had elapsed, occupied as I well knew by the meal
in the great hall,--the measured, yet agreeable conversation
afterwards,--and a certain promenade around the hall, and through the
drawing-rooms, with pauses before different pictures, the history or
subject of each of which was invariably told by my lady to every new
visitor,--a sort of giving them the freedom of the old family-seat, by
describing the kind and nature of the great progenitors who had lived
there before the narrator,--I heard the steps approaching my lady’s room
where I lay. I think I was in such a state of nervous expectation, that
if I could have moved easily, I should have got up and run away. And yet
I need not have been, for Miss Galindo was not in the least altered (her
nose a little redder, to be sure, but then that might only have had a
temporary cause in the private crying I know she would have had before
coming to see her dear Lady Ludlow once again.) But I could almost have
pushed Miss Galindo away, as she intercepted me in my view of the
mysterious Miss Bessy.

Miss Bessy was, as I knew, only about eighteen, but she looked older.
Dark hair, dark eyes, a tall, firm figure, a good, sensible face, with a
serene expression, not in the least disturbed by what I had been
thinking must be such awful circumstances as a first introduction to my
lady, who had so dissapproved of her very existence: those are the
clearest impressions I remember of my first interview with Miss Bessy.
She seemed to observe us all, in her quiet manner, quite as much as I
did her; but she spoke very little; occupied herself, indeed, as my lady
had planned, with looking over the great books of engravings. I think I
must have (foolishly) intended to make her feel at her ease, by my
patronage; but she was seated far away from my sofa, in order to command
the light, and really seemed so unconcerned at her unwonted
circumstances, that she did not need my countenance or kindness. One
thing I did like--her watchful look at Miss Galindo from time to time:
it showed that her thoughts and sympathy were ever at Miss Galindo’s
service, as indeed they well might be. When Miss Bessy spoke, her voice
was full and clear, and what she said, to the purpose, though there was
a slight provincial accent in her way of speaking. After a while, my
lady set us two to play at chess, a game which I had lately learnt at
Mr. Gray’s suggestion. Still we did not talk much together, though we
were becoming attracted towards each other, I fancy.

“You will play well,” said she. “You have only learnt about six months,
have you? And yet you can nearly beat me, who have been at it as many

“I began to learn last November. I remember Mr. Gray’s bringing me
‘Philidor on Chess,’ one very foggy, dismal day.”

What made her look up so suddenly, with bright inquiry in her eyes? What
made her silent for a moment, as if in thought, and then go on with
something, I know not what, in quite an altered tone?

My lady and Miss Galindo went on talking, while I sat thinking. I heard
Captain James’s name mentioned pretty frequently; and at last my lady
put down her work, and said, almost with tears in her eyes:

“I could not--I cannot believe it. He must be aware she is a schismatic;
a baker’s daughter; and he is a gentleman by virtue and feeling, as well
as by his profession, though his manners may be at times a little rough.
My dear Miss Galindo, what will this world come to?”

Miss Galindo might possibly be aware of her own share in bringing the
world to the pass which now dismayed my lady,--for, of course, though
all was now over and forgiven, yet Miss Bessy’s being received into a
respectable maiden lady’s house, was one of the portents as to the
world’s future which alarmed her ladyship; and Miss Galindo knew
this,--but, at any rate, she had too lately been forgiven herself not to
plead for mercy for the next offender against my lady’s delicate sense
of fitness and propriety,--so she replied:

“Indeed, my lady, I have long left off trying to conjecture what makes
Jack fancy Gill, or Gill Jack. It’s best to sit down quiet under the
belief that marriages are made for us, somewhere out of this world, and
out of the range of this world’s reasons and laws. I’m not so sure that
I should settle it down that they were made in Heaven; t’other place
seems to me as likely a workshop; but, at any rate, I’ve given up
troubling my head as to why they take place. Captain James is a
gentleman; I make no doubt of that ever since I saw him stop to pick up
old Goody Blake (when she tumbled down on the slide last winter) and
then swear at a little lad who was laughing at her, and cuff him till he
tumbled down crying; but we must have bread somehow, and though I like
it better baked at home in a good sweet brick oven, yet, as some folks
never can get it to rise, I don’t see why a man may not be a baker. You
see, my lady, I look upon baking as a simple trade, and as such lawful.
There is no machine comes in to take away a man’s or woman’s power of
earning their living, like the spinning-jenny (the old busybody that she
is), to knock up all our good old women’s livelihood, and send them to
their graves before their time. There’s an invention of the enemy, if
you will!”

“That’s very true!” said my lady, shaking her head.

“But baking bread is wholesome, straight-forward elbow-work. They have
not got to inventing any contrivance for that yet, thank Heaven! It does
not seem to me natural, nor according to Scripture, that iron and steel
(whose brows can’t sweat) should be made to do man’s work. And so I say,
all those trades where iron and steel do the work ordained to man at the
Fall, are unlawful, and I never stand up for them. But say this baker
Brooke did knead his bread, and make it rise, and then that people, who
had, perhaps, no good ovens, came to him, and bought his good light
bread, and in this manner he turned an honest penny, and got rich; why,
all I say, my lady, is this,--I dare say he would have been born a
Hanbury, or a lord, if he could; and if he was not, it is no fault of
his, that I can see, that he made good bread (being a baker by trade),
and got money, and bought his land. It was his misfortune, not his
fault, that he was not a person of quality by birth.”

“That’s very true,” said my lady, after a moment’s pause for
consideration. “But, although he was a baker, he might have been a
Churchman. Even your eloquence, Miss Galindo, shan’t convince me that
that is not his own fault.”

“I don’t see even that, begging your pardon, my lady,” said Miss
Galindo, emboldened by the first success of her eloquence. “When a
Baptist is a baby, if I understand their creed aright, he is not
baptized; and, consequently, he can have no godfathers and godmothers to
do anything for him in his baptism; you agree to that, my lady?”

My lady would rather have known what her acquiescence would lead to,
before acknowledging that she could not dissent from this first
proposition; still she gave her tacit agreement by bowing her head.

“And, you know, our godfathers and godmothers are expected to promise
and vow three things in our name, when we are little babies, and can do
nothing but squall for ourselves. It is a great privilege, but don’t let
us be hard upon those who have not had the chance of godfathers and
godmothers. Some people, we know, are born with silver spoons,--that’s
to say, a godfather to give one things, and teach one one’s catechism,
and see that we’re confirmed into good church-going Christians,--and
others with wooden ladles in their mouths. These poor last folks must
just be content to be godfatherless orphans, and Dissenters, all their
lives: and if they are tradespeople into the bargain, so much the worse
for them; but let us be humble Christians, my dear lady, and not hold
our heads too high because we were born orthodox quality.”

“You go on too fast, Miss Galindo! I can’t follow you. Besides, I do
believe dissent to be an invention of the Devil’s. Why can’t they
believe as we do? It’s very wrong. Besides, it’s schism and heresy, and,
you know, the Bible says that’s as bad as witchcraft.”

My lady was not convinced, as I could see. After Miss Galindo had gone,
she sent Mrs. Medlicott for certain books out of the great old library
up stairs, and had them made up into a parcel under her own eye.

“If Captain James comes to-morrow, I will speak to him about these
Brookes. I have not hitherto liked to speak to him, because I did not
wish to hurt him, by supposing there could be any truth in the reports
about his intimacy with them. But now I will try and do my duty by him
and them. Surely, this great body of divinity will bring them back to
the true church.”

I could not tell, for though my lady read me over the titles, I was not
any the wiser as to their contents. Besides, I was much more anxious to
consult my lady as to my own change of place. I showed her the letter I
had that day received from Harry; and we once more talked over the
expediency of my going to live with him, and trying what entire change
of air would do to re-establish my failing health. I could say anything
to my lady, she was so sure to understand me rightly. For one thing, she
never thought of herself, so I had no fear of hurting her by stating the
truth. I told her how happy my years had been while passed under her
roof; but that now I had begun to wonder whether I had not duties
elsewhere, in making a home for Harry,--and whether the fulfilment of
these duties, quiet ones they must needs be in the case of such a
cripple as myself, would not prevent my sinking into the querulous habit
of thinking and talking into which I found myself occasionally falling.
Add to which, there was the prospect of benefit from the more bracing
air of the north.

It was then settled that my departure from Hanbury, my happy home for so
long, was to take place before many weeks had passed. And as, when one
period of life is about to be shut up for ever, we are sure to look back
upon it with fond regret, so I, happy enough in my future prospects,
could not avoid recurring to all the days of my life in the Hall, from
the time when I came to it, a shy, awkward girl, scarcely past
childhood, to now, when a grown woman,--past childhood--almost, from the
very character of my illness, past youth,--I was looking forward to
leaving my lady’s house (as a residence) for ever. As it has turned out,
I never saw either her or it again. Like a piece of sea-wreck, I have
drifted away from those days: quiet, happy, eventless days, very happy
to remember!

I thought of good, jovial Mr. Mountford,--and his regrets that he might
not keep a pack, “a very small pack,” of harriers, and his merry ways,
and his love of good eating; of the first coming of Mr. Gray, and my
lady’s attempt to quench his sermons, when they tended to enforce any
duty connected with education. And now we had an absolute school-house
in the village; and since Miss Bessy’s drinking tea at the Hall, my lady
had been twice inside it, to give directions about some fine yarn she
was having spun for table-napery. And her ladyship had so outgrown her
old custom of dispensing with sermon or discourse, that even during the
temporary preaching of Mr. Crosse, she had never had recourse to it,
though I believe she would have had all the congregation on her side if
she had.

And Mr. Horner was dead, and Captain James reigned in his stead. Good,
steady, severe, silent Mr. Horner! with his clock-like regularity, and
his snuff-coloured clothes, and silver buckles! I have often wondered
which one misses most when they are dead and gone,--the bright creatures
full of life, who are hither and thither and everywhere, so that no one
can reckon upon their coming and going, with whom stillness and the long
quiet of the grave seems utterly irreconcilable, so full are they of
vivid motion and passion,--or the slow, serious people, whose
movements--nay, whose very words, seem to go by clock-work; who never
appear much to affect the course of our life while they are with us, but
whose methodical ways show themselves, when they are gone, to have been
intertwined with our very roots of daily existence. I think I miss these
last the most, although I may have loved the former best. Captain James
never was to me what Mr. Horner was, though the latter had hardly
changed a dozen words with me at the day of his death. Then Miss
Galindo! I remembered the time, as if it had been only yesterday, when
she was but a name--and a very odd one--to me; then she was a queer,
abrupt, disagreeable, busy old maid. Now I loved her dearly, and I found
out that I was almost jealous of Miss Bessy.

Mr. Gray I never thought of with love; the feeling was almost reverence
with which I looked upon him. I have not wished to speak much of myself,
or else I could have told you how much he had been to me during these
long, weary years of illness. But he was almost as much to every one,
rich and poor, from my lady down to Miss Galindo’s Sally.

The village, too, had a different look about it. I am sure I could not
tell you what caused the change; but there were no more lounging young
men to form a group at the cross-road, at a time of day when young men
ought to be at work. I don’t say this was all Mr. Gray’s doing, for
there really was so much to do in the fields that there was but little
time for lounging now-a days. And the children were hushed up in school,
and better behaved out of it, too, than in the days when I used to be
able to go my lady’s errands in the village. I went so little about now,
that I am sure I can’t tell who Miss Galindo found to scold; and yet she
looked so well and so happy that I think she must have had her
accustomed portion of that wholesome exercise.

Before I left Hanbury, the rumour that Captain James was going to marry
Miss Brooke, Baker Brooke’s eldest daughter, who had only a sister to
share his property with her, was confirmed. He himself announced it to
my lady; nay, more, with a courage, gained, I suppose, in his former
profession, where, as I have heard, he had led his ship into many a post
of danger, he asked her ladyship, the Countess Ludlow, if he might bring
his bride elect (the Baptist baker’s daughter!) and present her to my

I am glad I was not present when he made this request; I should have
felt so much ashamed for him, and I could not have helped being anxious
till I heard my lady’s answer, if I had been there. Of course she
acceded; but I can fancy the grave surprise of her look. I wonder if
Captain James noticed it.

I hardly dared ask my lady, after the interview had taken place, what
she thought of the bride elect; but I hinted my curiosity, and she told
me, that if the young person had applied to Mrs. Medlicott, for the
situation of cook, and Mrs. Medlicott had engaged her, she thought that
it would have been a very suitable arrangement. I understood from this
how little she thought a marriage with Captain James, R.N., suitable.

About a year after I left Hanbury, I received a letter from Miss
Galindo, I think I can find it.--Yes, this is it.

‘Hanbury, May 4, 1811.

‘Dear Margaret,

‘You ask for news of us all. Don’t you know there is no news in
Hanbury? Did you ever hear of an event here? Now, if you have
answered “Yes,” in your own mind to these questions, you have
fallen into my trap, and never were more mistaken in your life.
Hanbury is full of news; and we have more events on our hands than
we know what to do with. I will take them in the order of the
newspapers--births, deaths, and marriages. In the matter of births,
Jenny Lucas has had twins not a week ago. Sadly too much of a good
thing, you’ll say. Very true: but then they died; so their birth
did not much signify. My cat has kittened, too; she has had three
kittens, which again you may observe is too much of a good thing;
and so it would be, if it were not for the next item of
intelligence I shall lay before you. Captain and Mrs. James have
taken the old house next Pearson’s; and the house is overrun with
mice, which is just as fortunate for me as the King of Egypt’s
rat-ridden kingdom was to Dick Whittington. For my cat’s kittening
decided me to go and call on the bride, in hopes she wanted a cat;
which she did, like a sensible woman, as I do believe she is, in
spite of Baptism, Bakers, Bread, and Birmingham, and something
worse than all, which you shall hear about, if you’ll only be
patient. As I had got my best bonnet on--the one I bought when poor
Lord Ludlow was last at Hanbury in ’99--I thought it a great
condescension in myself (always remembering the date of the Galindo
Baronetcy) to go and call on the bride; though I don’t think so
much of myself in my every-day clothes, as you know. But who should
I find there but my Lady Ludlow! She looks as frail and delicate as
ever, but is, I think, in better heart ever since that old city
merchant of a Hanbury took it into his head that he was a cadet of
the Hanburys of Hanbury, and left her that handsome legacy. I’ll
warrant you the mortgage was paid off pretty fast; and Mr. Horner’s
money--or my lady’s money, or Harry Gregson’s money, call it which
you will,--is invested in his name, all right and tight, and they
do talk of his being captain of his school, or Grecian, or
something, and going to college, after all! Harry Gregson the
poacher’s son! Well! to be sure, we are living in strange times!

‘But I have not done with the marriages yet. Captain James’s is all
very well, but no one cares for it now, we are all so full of Mr.
Gray’s. Yes, indeed, Mr. Gray is going to be married, and to nobody
else but my little Bessy! I tell her she will have to nurse him
half the days of her life, he is such a frail little body. But she
says she does not care for that, so that his body holds his soul,
it is enough for her. She has a good spirit, and a brave heart, has
my Bessy! It is a great advantage that she won’t have to mark her
clothes over again; for when she had knitted herself her last set
of stockings, I told her to put G for Galindo, if she did not
choose to put it for Gibson, for she should be my child if she was
no one else’s. And now, you see, it stands for Gray. So there are
two marriages, and what more would you have? And she promises to
take another of my kittens.

‘Now, as to deaths, old Farmer Hale is dead--poor old man, I should
think his wife thought it a good riddance, for he beat her every
day that he was drunk, and he never was sober, in spite of Mr.
Gray. I don’t think (as I tell him) that Mr. Gray would ever have
found courage to speak to Bessy as long as Farmer Hale lived, he
took the old gentleman’s sins so much to heart, and seemed to think
it was all his fault for not being able to make a sinner into a
saint. The parish bull is dead too. I never was so glad in my life.
But they say we are to have a new one in his place. In the meantime
I cross the common in peace, which is convenient just now, when I
have so often to go to Mr. Gray’s to see about furnishing.

‘Now you think I have told you all the Hanbury news, don’t you? Not
so. The very greatest thing of all is to come. I won’t tantalize
you, but just out with it, for you would never guess it. My Lady
Ludlow has given a party, just like any plebeian amongst us. We had
tea and toast in the blue drawing-room, old John Footman waiting,
with Tom Diggles, the lad that used to frighten away crows in
Farmer Hale’s fields, following in my lady’s livery, hair powdered
and everything. Mrs. Medlicott made tea in my lady’s own room. My
lady looked like a splendid fairy queen of mature age, in black
velvet, and the old lace, which I have never seen her wear before
since my lord’s death. But the company? you’ll say. Why we had the
parson of Clover, and the parson of Headleigh, and the parson of
Merribank, and the three parsonesses; and Farmer Donkin and two
Miss Donkins; and Mr. Gray (of course), and myself and Bessy; and
Captain and Mrs. James; yes, and Mr. and Mrs. Brooke: think of
that! I am not so sure the parsons liked it; but he was there. For
he has been helping Captain James to get my lady’s land into
order; and then his daughter married the agent; and Mr. Gray (who
ought to know) says, after all, Baptists are not such bad people;
and he was right against them at one time, as you may remember.
Mrs. Brooke is a rough diamond, to be sure. People have said that
of me, I know. But, being a Galindo, I learnt manners in my youth,
and can take them up when I choose. But Mrs. Brooke never learnt
manners, I’ll be bound. When John Footman handed her the tray with
the tea-cups, she looked up at him as if she were sorely puzzled by
that way of going on. I was sitting next to her, so I pretended not
to see her perplexity, and put her cream and sugar in for her, and
was all ready to pop it into her hands,--when who should come up,
but that impudent lad Tom Diggles (I call him lad, for all his hair
is powdered, for you know that it is not natural grey hair), with
his tray full of cakes and what not, all as good as Mrs. Medlicott
could make them. By this time, I should tell you, all the
parsonesses were looking at Mrs. Brooke, for she had shown her want
of breeding before; and the parsonesses, who were just a step above
her in manners, were very much inclined to smile at her doings and
sayings. Well! what does she do but pull out a clean Bandanna
pocket-handkerchief, all red and yellow silk, spread it over her
best silk gown; it was, like enough, a new one, for I had it from
Sally, who had it from her cousin Molly, who is dairy-woman at the
Brookes’, that the Brookes were mighty set-up with an invitation to
drink tea at the Hall. There we were, Tom Diggles even on the grin
(I wonder how long it is since he was own brother to a scarecrow,
only not so decently dressed) and Mrs. Parsoness of Headleigh,--I
forget her name, and it’s no matter, for she’s an ill-bred
creature, I hope Bessy will behave herself better,--was right-down
bursting with laughter, and as near a hee-haw as ever a donkey was,
when what does my lady do? Ay! there’s my own dear Lady Ludlow, God
bless her! She takes out her own pocket-handkerchief, all snowy
cambric, and lays it softly down on her velvet lap, for all the
world as if she did it every day of her life, just like Mrs.
Brooke, the baker’s wife; and when the one got up to shake the
crumbs into the fire-place, the other did just the same. But with
such a grace! and such a look at us all! Tom Diggles went red all
over; and Mrs. Parsoness of Headleigh scarce spoke for the rest of
the evening; and the tears came into my old silly eyes; and Mr.
Gray, who was before silent and awkward, in a way which I tell
Bessy she must cure him of, was made so happy by this pretty action
of my lady’s, that he talked away all the rest of the evening, and
was the life of the company.

‘Oh! Margaret Dawson, I sometimes wonder if you’re the better off
for leaving us. To be sure, you’re with your brother, and blood is
blood. But when I look at my lady and Mr. Gray, for all they’re so
different, I would not change places with any in England.’

Alas! alas! I never saw my dear lady again. She died in eighteen hundred
and fourteen, and Mr. Gray did not long survive her. As I dare say you
know the Reverend Henry Gregson is now vicar of Hanbury, and his wife is
the daughter of Mr. Gray and Miss Bessy.

       *       *       *       *       *

As any one may guess, it had taken Mrs. Dawson several Monday evenings
to narrate all this history of the days of her youth. Miss Duncan
thought it would be a good exercise for me, both in memory and
composition, to write out on Tuesday mornings all that I had heard the
night before; and thus it came to pass that I have the manuscript of “My
Lady Ludlow” now lying by me.

                            END OF VOL. I.


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