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´╗┐Title: Harper's Young People, June 13, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, June 13, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


       *       *       *       *       *


Tuesday, June 13, 1882. Copyright, 1882, by HARPER & BROTHERS. $1.50 per
Year, in Advance.

       *       *       *       *       *




Captain Banner, of the Yellowbird Ranch, sat upon a flat hot rock,
half-way up a certain California hill-side, eating his luncheon. A few
feet from the Captain stood tethered his good horse Huckleberry, who had
no luncheon. No more had the three stout mongrel dogs who commonly ran
along with Captain Banner, when the straying off of some of his cattle
forced him to spend the day in getting at their whereabouts.

The dogs sat composedly on their haunches, two of them staring down into
the ravine below, and the other one, Poncho, with his tongue out,
watching every mouthful that the Captain took with much interest. But
his master was in anything but a good-humor. He had ridden since early
daylight, and not a single horned runaway had been sighted. No wonder he
was discouraged.

"Upon my word," he said to the group of dogs, tossing a bit of cheese
into Poncho's jaws, "you're a pretty set of brutes, I must say!
Stringing along all day after Huckleberry's heels, and no more good at
keeping a herd together or recovering it than--than greyhounds. Now if
any one of you had the least-- My good gracious!" he exclaimed, breaking
off, "what _is_ up?"

Before he had time for another syllable, away went the three dogs, heels
over head, down the hill, and into the ravine, leaping and barking like
mad creatures. One of them had suddenly caught a scent on the breeze; a
second later espied with his keen eye a large tawny animal stealthily
crossing the dried-up rivulet below. The trio were on full jump after it
at once, like four-legged tornadoes. It seemed to be springing and
dashing ahead of them like a beast resolved to get away at any price.
Captain Banner threw himself on Huckleberry, and clattered down after
the dogs and it.

The dogs gained ground. "After him, Poncho!" shouted the Captain,
wondering very much what "him" might stand for. All at once he heard a
violent snarl and a loud yelp of pain. Poncho, the black dog, was on his
back, struggling to regain his footing. Plainly the foe had bestowed a
rousing whack with his paw upon the nearest pursuer, as a caution to
come no closer. The chase, too, was slackened. The Captain came plunging
along on his horse just in time to see a curious picture.

Rising up from the furze a few yards beyond was another flat rock. Upon
that rock, with a thick thorn bush to defend him in the rear, half
crouched, half stood, a great California lynx, all muscle, pluck, and
grit, and seemingly full of fight from the end of his nose to the tip of
his thick tail. The three dogs, including Poncho, leaped and bounded
furiously around the rock, and barked with all their might and main; but
they warily kept quite out of the reach of a dazzling set of teeth and
enormous claws all displayed for action. The lynx remained compressed
into the smallest possible space, growling and sputtering, and
apparently contriving to look at each one of the three dogs at once.
There was no doubt about it; he was clearly master of the field.

"Shame on you!" cried Captain Banner; "and three of you, too! At him,
Turco; catch him by the throat, Poncho," he continued calling, while he
prepared his lasso. But though, inspired by these encouragements, Turco,
Poncho, and Red Jacket bayed and leaped up and about the lynx as if they
would part company with their stout legs entirely, the great cat raised
his thick paw and sputtered so savagely that all three beat a prudent

"Steady, Huckleberry!" came the Captain's voice. The lasso was thrown.
Unluckily Huckleberry was nervous in such close relations to a lynx. He
whined and started, and not the lynx, but poor Poncho, was successfully
encircled by the flying noose, and rolled over, howling dismally and
half choked. Nevertheless, this episode changed the current of the
battle. The lynx realized that his enemy on horseback was more dangerous
than the dogs. He sprang up and bounded away amongst the brush. The two
free dogs tore after, and Captain Banner, hastily rescuing the gasping
Poncho, spurred on too, coming up to the next battle-ground just when as
close a rough-and-tumble fight as ever one could behold was under way.

The lynx had been overtaken. Turco had thrown himself upon him and
pulled him down, while Red Jacket also sprang to his companion's help.
But theirs was by no means the victory. The ground sloped considerably.
The lynx grappled with his antagonists, and dragged them with him in his
fall. The attacked and the attackers rolled down the ravine, an
undistinguishable mass of legs and bodies, howling, spitting, snarling,
and making the hair and fur fly to a degree that completely took away
the Captain's breath, and made him wonder in what sort of condition the
coveted skin would be when the struggle was over.

At one moment the lynx was under--now the dogs. Here leaped one of them,
torn and bleeding, while his brother gladiator was dragged further along
into the thicket, tugging to disengage himself from the gripping muscles
that were rending and strangling him. But Poncho, comparatively fresh
for a new onset, rushed up, and turned the tide of the fray. He fell
upon the lynx like a small-sized tiger. Turco was freed, and the lynx,
shaking off Poncho, gave a furious bound directly toward the Captain and
Huckleberry (it was hard to say which was the more excited by this
time), who were charging along well on the left. The lasso fell true at
this second cast, though it had been an extremely hasty throw. The cord
fell full over the furious creature's neck. It was taut in a second. The
lynx struggled and gurgled, but it was too late.

Keeping off Poncho and Turco with his whip, the Captain finished up the
enemy with the noose, and saved what was uninjured of his fine coat. Its
late owner measured some four feet as he lay stiff and still upon the
earth, so that the Captain as he rode back up the hill-side did not feel
that his time and the chase had been lost. Poncho, Turco, and Red Jacket
probably had their own private doubts about the matter, for one had lost
an ear, another had suffered a cruel gash in his shoulder, and all of
the trio were badly disfigured by scratches, bruises, and bites, and
limped along rather dolefully.

The lynx's skin adorned Captain Banner's wall for weeks after, until it
went with him up to San Pedro, and was converted into a goodly number of
hard dollars.



  Oh, the red roses, the pretty red roses,
    That come with the June-time so fragrant and fair--
  The sweet crimson roses that bud and that blossom
    So joyously out in the soft summer air!
  Under the hedges and over the hedges,
    Out in the meadows, and down in the lane,
  Blushing and blooming and clinging and nestling,
    Grow the sweet roses again and again.

  Beautiful, are they? But I have some fairer,
    And, oh, so much sweeter! Look yonder, and see
  The cluster of rose-buds, than none e'er grew rosier--
    The freshest and daintiest of rose-buds for me.
  The little white sun-bonnets--go, peep beneath them;
    Mark the bright faces, where through the glad day
  The breezes and sunbeams lay kisses in plenty,
    And dimples and smiles chase each other in play.

  Three little maidens so dainty and rosy,
    Three little sun-bonnets all in a row,
  Six little hands that are merrily twining
    Crimson-red wreaths where the June roses grow.
  Oh, how they welcome the bright smiling weather,
    My little rose-buds that blossom for me!
  And I tumble them out in the sunshine together,
    And help them grow sweet as June roses should be.



Boys never have such splendid times anywhere as they do at their
grandfathers'. How some fellows get along the way they have to without
any grandfathers or grandmothers I never could make out. Just fancy
having no grandfather to go and see Christmas and Thanksgiving and
summer vacations! The fact is, a boy without any grandfather can't begin
to have half a good time.

Fathers and mothers are all very well, but, you see, as mother explained
the last time father had to whip us, they feel a responsibility. Now,
grandfathers and grandmothers haven't any such responsibility. They can
just give themselves up to being good-natured, and let a fellow have a
good time. If he turns out bad, you see, it ain't their fault, and they
don't have to worry about not having done their duty by him.

My grandfather lived just out of Blackridge, on a large farm. There was
an academy at Blackridge, and so mother sent me to live there for a
while and go to school; and Uncle Jerry's two boys, Ham and Mow (right
names Hamilton and Mowbray), lived there all the time, and Uncle Jerry
and Aunt Anna too, and we had just the best fun that ever any boys did
have: I don't mean Uncle Jerry and Aunt Anna; they didn't go in for fun,
you know. Uncle Jerry kept a store in the village, and Aunt Anna staid
in the kitchen with grandma.

We always had to behave ourselves, and never thought of doing things
without leave, for grandpa was not one of the kind to be disobeyed;
besides, we loved him too well for that. But he was always ready to let
us have a good time, and said that he liked to see boys enjoy themselves
when they did it in the right way.

Besides Ham and Mow, there were the Davis boys, about five miles off,
who went to the academy too; and once a week or so we spent the day with
them, or they came to spend it with us. Real good fellows, both of them;
and I think we liked the visit to them best, there were such lots of
things to do there. Mr. Davis, you see, was what grandpa called "a
progressive man"--I used to wonder what that meant, and say it over to
myself whenever I saw him--and he wanted Frank and George to understand
everything that was going on; and he used to get them all the improving
boys' books that came out, and they had a tool chest, and a
printing-press, and all kinds of drawing things, and the greatest lot of
scrap-books; and they collected stamps and coins, and taught us how; and
we used to make things when we went there, and Mr. Davis always gave a
prize for the best.

Mr. Davis's right name was "Hon. Charles M. Davis." I saw it on his
letters when the boys brought them from the Post-office, and they were
very proud of their father's name. He had been to Congress, people said,
and I used to wonder if this was as far off as the Cape of Good Hope.

Mrs. Davis used to train round (I don't mean that she acted bad) in a
real handsome dress mornings, and she smiled at us pleasantly, and said
that she liked boys, and hoped we wouldn't make her head _quite_ split
(Ham guessed there must be a big crack in it somewhere); and then she
went off, and we didn't see her again until dinner-time.

I used to get 'most sick then, because Mrs. Davis said she thought boys
could never have too much to eat; and she kept piling things on our
plates, and it wouldn't be polite to leave them; and I was the littlest,
and it really seemed as if I couldn't hold them all. Aunt Anna always
said that "visiting didn't agree with Phil"; but I went all the same.

This was the way we got there: grandpa would let us have a horse when it
wasn't too busy a day on the farm, and we all took turns in riding him.
It was prime fun, and gave each of us just about enough walking. There
was the one-mile mill, and Heckles's pasture, and the brook, and old
Mrs. Junkett's little red house, and lots of places, where the boy that
was on got off, and the next one took his turn; and we never quarrelled
about it, and always came back feeling just about as good as when we

One morning in July we set off, expecting to have just the grandest kind
of a time. Mr. Davis had got the boys something new from the city, and
they wouldn't tell us what it was until we came. It was Saturday, of
course, and most amazingly hot. Kitty (that was the horse) did not care
about going very fast, and she crawled along with us, turn and turn,
till we got about a mile from Mr. Davis's.

"A hornets' nest!" shouted Mow, who had walked on ahead of Kitty. "Come
on, boys!"

"Stop," said Ham; "let's tie Kitty safely first."

So we led her to the shade of some trees on the edge of a piece of
woods, where she would be safe from the hornets, and tied her fast; then
off we went, full tilt, after Mow. He was staring up into a hollow tree,
where we could just see the hornets' nest, looking like a brown-paper
parcel full of holes--and a big fat one it was.

"There's millions in it," said he, as we came up; but he didn't mean
money, only hornets.

This pleased us very much; not that we were exactly fond of hornets, but
it made it more exciting. No matter what a boy is doing, he always has
to go for a hornets' nest when he sees it; and we never thought about
being warm or anything else, but just to send those hornets flying. We
could see a few of them crawling in and out, and hanging round their
paper house, and we meant to give them a hint that they'd been living in
that hollow tree about long enough.

The tree was quite low, and we got long sticks and went at them. We had
a lively time of it. The hornets came swarming out at us like ten
thousand red-hot locomotives, burning us everywhere at once, for they
stung us like fun; and we ran for dear life, and then came back and
hacked away at them, our faces blazing with heat, and perspiration
oozing from every pore. We took off our jackets at the beginning of the
fray, or there would not have been much of them left, for the hornets
were as mad as they could be, and so were we.

We kept it up for hours, never thinking how hot we were, or that it was
time to be hungry, and we got that nest pretty well demolished. When the
hornets were nearly gone, and there wasn't much of the nest to be seen,
three tired boys limped off rather lamely to Kitty's cool bower, and
throwing themselves down on the ground, fell fast asleep.

When they awoke, each looked at the other in great amazement. Ham's
upper lip was puffed 'way out, and one eye closed; Mow's nose looked
like a large pink potato: while as for me, the hornets seemed to have
attacked every feature I had. The lengthening shadows warned us that it
was supper-time, and with a puzzled feeling about our visit at the
Davises', we turned our highly ornamented faces homeward.

"What has happened?" cried grandma, as we came within sight of the
family gathered on the porch. "Do look at these boys!"

Of course every one looked at us; and as soon as they had settled what
was the matter, they made us look ten times worse than ever by daubing
our faces with mud.

We were rather afraid of punishment, at least by being sent supperless
to bed; and I think we never loved grandma so much as when, calling us
into the kitchen, she gave us one of the best suppers we ever had in our

All that was ever said to us was said by grandpa the next morning, with
a comical twist of his eye. "Boys, when you want another hornets' nest,
you needn't go quite so far after it. There's a splendid one over the
northeast end of the barn."

The Davises had a man with a wonderful magic lantern that day.



Some one has probably imagined that this curious floating animal looks
like a Portuguese war vessel, and on that account has given to the
innocent and defenseless creature a name which seems to us very
inappropriate. We will not be dismayed, however, by a forbidding name,
for the graceful animal is not in the least warlike. I hope you may all
have the pleasure some day of seeing one floating over the sea like a
fairy vessel, not minding the winds or the storms. You will be delighted
with its beauty, and you will wonder how so frail a bark can withstand
the waves.

When we examine it we shall find it to be a transparent pear-shaped
bladder, about nine inches long, throwing off like a soap-bubble bright
blue colors tinged with green and crimson. On top of the bladder there
is a wavy rumpled crest of delicate pink. This may perhaps act as a

[Illustration: PORTUGUESE MAN-OF-WAR.]

From one end of the bottom hangs a large bunch of curious-looking,
bright-colored threads, and bags, and coiled tentacles which trail after
it. You will see these streamers in the picture, and you may be
surprised to learn that they are separate animals, forming a little
colony, and floated by the same bladder. Still, they are not entirely
distinct; they have various uses, and each contributes its share to the
good of the colony. Some produce eggs, some do the swimming, some do the
eating, and others are provided with lasso cells to procure food.

In such colonies of animals as this, the food which is taken by one
individual helps to nourish all the others. This is accomplished by the
circulation of fluids throughout the whole colony carrying nourishment
to each one.

In animals that are more highly developed we shall find these offices
performed by special parts of the same body. These different portions of
the body, which are set apart to perform certain duties, are called
organs. Thus we speak of the eye as the organ of sight, the ear as the
organ of hearing, etc.

The tentacles of the Portuguese man-of-war are more than twenty feet
long, yet they may be drawn up to within an inch of the bladder. It is
exceedingly interesting to watch them as they are drawn up and then let
down again. They are furnished with lasso cells, which not only wound
the prey, but sting bathers or any persons who come in contact with
them. Even after death the tentacles produce irritation when they are

These beautiful creatures are found in tropical seas. They are abundant
in the Gulf of Mexico, and they are often carried by the Gulf Stream
into Northern waters. Occasionally they drift upon our own shore. Do you
think you would recognize one floating on the ocean when you had not
expected to see it? If you should ever have one in your possession, do
not fail to dry it or keep it in alcohol, for although its delicate
beauty can not be preserved, it will still be interesting to those who
have never seen living ones.

One might suppose these animals were fond of society, since they float
together in large companies, which have been fancifully called fleets.
Travellers sometimes speak of meeting with them in great numbers,
studding the surface of the ocean, and composed of both large and small
animals, probably the young ones out sailing with their parents.

Shall I tell you a true story of a Portuguese man-of-war which was run
down and captured by an American vessel?

Not many years ago a party of summer visitors on the quaint island of
Martha's Vineyard, wishing to go to Gay Head, hired for the purpose a
little steam-tug, and started one morning in fine spirits. Gay Head, I
should tell you, is a promontory at the southwestern extremity of the
island, remarkable for the curious manner in which the layer's of
different-colored clays are deposited, making it look gay indeed. If you
should see it, you would think it had been properly named. For quite a
distance out at sea we may detect the distinct layers of black and white
clays, with bright red and many soft shades of gray and yellow clay
placed one above another, and all slanting from the top of the cliff at
one side to the bottom of the other side.

The merry little party on board the steam-tug were enjoying the quiet
waters and picturesque shores of Vineyard Sound, when a shrill cry from
the children, "Portuguese man-of-war!" brought the whole party to that
side of the boat in time to see the curious animal gliding past. It
seemed to move very fast, but that was a deception caused by the rapid
motion of the boat in the opposite direction.

Some of the party had a desire to catch the little thing floating so
gallantly on the great waters, and as the Captain was easily persuaded,
after a little delay the steamboat was turned about in its course, and
started in pursuit. Does it not strike you as an uneven race? The eager
company of men, women, and children, and the Captain too, and the pilot,
with the steam-engine at their bidding, all intent upon overtaking the
Portuguese man-of-war! So it appeared to some of those who were present,
and the capture seemed rather an ignominious one. One little girl
wondered how they had the heart to catch such a beautiful thing.

The little tug looked large and awkward as it came up beside the
graceful creature gliding over the waves without the slightest effort.
It seemed especially clumsy, as it had to back several times and make a
fresh attempt to get within reach of the animal without swamping it.

The water was so clear that the whole length of the tentacles could be
seen, and all on board were filled with admiration for the elegant form
and delicate colors of the creature whose fate was sealed.

There was at least one on board who wished it was possible to warn it of
its peril, and to suggest sinking in the water as its only means of
escape. But it seemed to scorn the thought of danger, and floated
proudly on right into the scoop-net that awaited it.

It was a moment of great excitement. The Portuguese man-of-war was
lifted carefully on board, and placed in a pail of sea-water, where each
one had an opportunity to examine it. The movement of its tentacles was
curious. At times some of them were drawn up so as scarcely to be seen,
then those were let down suddenly, and others drawn up; sometimes they
were all lowered to the bottom of the pail, and were curled and twisted
in a peculiar manner.

In lifting it from the water the tentacles hung so far over the edge of
the boat as to leave no doubt about their being fully twenty feet in
length. A gentleman lifted them into the pail with the handle of a
broom. He must have touched the lasso cells in some way, for,
notwithstanding his precaution, his hand was badly stung; the swelling
extended the whole length of his arm, and it soon became very painful.
The company examined some of the lasso cells with a microscope, and they
were surprised that such fine white threads could cause so much pain.


[1] Begun in No. 127, HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE.





Toby was thoroughly surprised, when he awoke, to find that it was
morning, and that his slumber had been as sweet as if nothing had
happened. He dressed himself as quickly as possible, and ran
down-stairs. Uncle Daniel told him the doctor had just left, after
saying he thought Abner would recover.

It was a sad visit that Toby paid Mr. Stubbs's brother that morning. The
tears came into his eyes when he thought of poor Abner, until he was
obliged to leave the monkey to himself, after having tied him so that he
could take a short run out-of-doors.

Then he visited the ponies in the stable, and when he returned to the
house he found all his partners in the circus enterprise, as well as
several other boys, waiting to hear an account of the accident.

Dr. Abbott had reported that Abner had been injured; but as he had not
given any particulars, the villagers were in a state of anxious
uncertainty regarding the accident.

After Toby had told them all he knew about the matter, and had allowed
them to see the monkey and the ponies, which some of them seemed to
regard as of more importance than the injured boy, Bob asked:

"Well, now, what about our circus?"

"Why, we can't do anything on that till Abner gets well," said Toby, as
if surprised that the matter should even be spoken about.

"Why not? He wasn't goin' to do any of the ridin', an' now's the time
for us to go ahead, while we can remember what they did at the show
yesterday. It don't make any difference 'bout our circus if he did get
hurt;" and Bob looked around at the others as if asking whether they
agreed with him or not.

"I think we ought to wait till he gets better," said Joe, "'cause he was
goin' in with us, an' it don't seem fair to have the show when he's so

"That's foolish," said Ben, with a sneer. "If he hadn't come up to the
pasture the other day you wouldn't have thought anything 'bout him, an'
he'd been out to the poor-farm, where he belongs now."

"If he hadn't come up there," said Toby, "I'd never known how lonesome
he was, an' I'd gone right on havin' a good time without ever once
thinkin' of him. An' if he hadn't come up there, perhaps he wouldn't
have got hurt, an' it seems almost as if I'd done it to him, 'cause I
took him to the circus."

"Don't make a fool of yourself, Toby Tyler!" and Ben Cushing spoke
almost angrily. "You act awful silly 'bout that feller, an' father says
he's only a pauper anyway."

"It wouldn't make any difference if he was, 'cause he's a poor lonesome
cripple; but he ain't a pauper, for old Ben's goin' to take care of him,
an' he pays Uncle Dan'l for lettin' him stay here."

This news was indeed surprising to the boys, and as they fully realized
that Abner was under the protection of a "circus man," he rose
considerably in their estimation.

They were anxious to know all about the matter, and when Toby had told
them all he could, they looked at the case in such an entirely different
light that Ben Cushing even offered to go out in the field, where he
could be seen from the windows of the room in which Abner lay, and go
through his entire acrobatic performance, in the hope the sight might do
the invalid some good. Leander Leighton also offered to come twice each
day and play "Yankee Doodle," with one finger, on the accordion, in
order to soothe him.

But Toby thought it best to decline both these generous offers; he was
glad they had been made, but would have been much better pleased if they
had come while it was still believed Abner's only home was the

When the boys went away, Toby pleaded so hard that Aunt Olive consented
to his sitting in the chamber where Abner lay, with the agreement that
he should make no noise; and there he remained nearly all the day, as
still as any mouse, watching the pale face on which death seemed already
to have set its imprint.

Each day for two weeks Toby remained on watch, leaving the room only
when it was necessary, and he was at last rewarded by hearing Abner call
him by name.


After that, Aunt Olive allowed the two boys to talk a little, and a few
days later Mr. Stubbs's brother was brought in to pay his respects to
the invalid.

Many times during Abner's illness had the boys been up to learn how he
was getting on, and had tried to persuade Toby to commence again the
preparations for the circus; but he had steadily refused to proceed
further in the matter until Abner could at least play the part of

Uncle Daniel had had several letters from Ben inquiring about Abner's
condition; and as each one contained money, some of which had been sent
by the skeleton and his wife to "Toby Tyler's friend," the sick boy had
wanted for nothing. Ben had also written that he had gained the consent
of the proprietors of the circus to have the ponies driven for Abner's
benefit, and had sent a dainty little carriage and harness so that he
could ride out as soon as he was able.

Chandler Merrill had grown tired of waiting for his pony, and had taken
him from the pasture, while Reddy had long since returned the blind
horse to its owner.

But during all these five weeks the work of getting ready for the circus
had gone slowly but steadily on. Leander had become so expert a musician
on the accordion that he could play "Yankee Doodle" with all his
fingers, "Old Hundred" with two, and was fast mastering the intricacies
of "Old Dog Tray."

As to Ben Cushing, it would be hard to say exactly how much progress he
had made, the reports differed so. He claimed to be able to turn
hand-springs around the largest circus ring that was ever made, and to
stand on his head for a week; but some of the boys who were not partners
in the enterprise flatly contradicted this, and declared that they could
do as many feats in the acrobatic line as he could.

Joe Robinson had practiced howling until Reddy insisted that there was
little or no difference between him and the fiercest and
strongest-lunged hyena that ever walked. Bob could sing the two songs
his sister had taught him, and had written out twelve copies of them in
order to have a good stock to sell from; but Leander predicted that he
would not be able to dispose of many, because one was the "Suwanee
River," and the other "A Poor Wayfaring Man," the words of which any boy
could get by consulting an old music-book.

Reddy had made a remarkably large whip, which he could snap once out of
every three attempts, and not hit himself on the head more than once out
of five.

Thus the circus project was as promising as ever, and Abner, as well as
the other partners, had urged Toby to take hold of it again; but he had
made no promises until the day came when Abner was able to sit up, and
Dr. Abbott said that he could go out for a ride in another week if he
still continued to improve.

Then it was that Toby told his partners he would meet them on the first
day Abner went out for a ride, and tell them when he would take up the
circus work again, which made every one more anxious than ever to see
the poor-farm boy out-of-doors.

From the time when the tiny little carriage and the two sets of harness
glistening with silver had come, Toby had been anxious for a drive with
the ponies; but he had resolutely refused to use them until Abner could
go with him, although Uncle Daniel had told him he could try them
whenever he wished. He had waited for his other pleasures until Abner
could join him, and he insisted on waiting for this one. One day, when
Aunt Olive spoke to him about it, he said:

"If I was sick, an' had such a team sent to me, I'd feel kinder bad to
have some other boy using it, an' so I'm goin' to let Abner be the first
one to go out with the ponies."

It was hard not even to get into the little carriage that was so
carefully covered with a white cloth in the stable; but he resisted the
temptation, and when at last the day did come that Aunt Olive and Uncle
Daniel helped the sick boy down-stairs, and lifted him into the
prettiest little pony-carriage ever seen in Guilford, Toby felt amply
rewarded for his self-denial.

They drove all over the town, stopping now and then to speak with some
of their friends, or to answer questions as to Abner's health. When it
was nearly time to return home, Toby turned the ponies' heads toward the
pasture, where he knew his partners were waiting for him according to

"We'll go on with the circus now," he said to Abner, "for I can take you
with me in this team, an' you can stay in it all the time we're
practicin', so's it'll be 'most as good as if you could do something
toward it yourself."

Abner was quietly happy; the tender, thoughtful care that had been
bestowed upon him since his mishap had been such as, in his mind at
least, repaid him for all the pain.

"I hope you will have it," he said, earnestly, "for even if I can't be
with you all the time, I won't feel as if I was keepin' you from it."

Then he put his hand in a loving way on Toby's cheek, and the "boss of
the circus" felt fully repaid for having waited for his pleasure.

At the pasture all the partners were gathered, for Toby had promised to
tell them when he would begin operations; and as he drove the ponies up
to the bars, he shouted:

"Abner an' me will be up here about nine o'clock to-morrow mornin', an'
we'll bring Mr. Stubbs's brother with us."

There was a mighty shout, and Ben Cushing stood on his head when this
announcement was made, and then Toby and Abner drove home as quickly as
their ponies could scamper.



BY C. J. M.

Carniola, in the western part of Austria, and fronting on the Adriatic
Sea, is a region remarkable chiefly for its subterranean streams and
immense caverns and abysses. It is very mountainous, being traversed by
spurs of the Alps, and covers an area of 3857 square miles. Its
inhabitants are a hardy, thrifty race, engaged in the cultivation of
wine, timber, maize, and millet.

Of all the wonders of nature to be met with in this country the one most
deserving of notice is the lake of Zirknitz. This lake takes its name
from a small market-town with a population of 1500, and situated about
thirty miles northeast of Trieste, the principal sea-port city of

Lake Zirknitz lies in a deep valley surrounded by beautiful hills. It is
a fair sheet of water, six miles long and three miles broad, and teeming
with fishes and water-fowl. The monotony of this large expanse of water
is relieved by five small islands, on one of which is the village of
Ottok. These islands are favorite resorts for picnic parties. The bottom
of the lake is formed of limestone rock, and is full of clefts and
fissures. During prolonged dry weather the waters pass into these
caverns, carrying their finny inhabitants with them. The church bells
give warning when the first sign of the sinking of the lake is observed,
and the people hasten to make the most of the fishing while there is yet

When the water has entirely disappeared, a crop of luxuriant herbage
takes its place, affording pasture for the cattle of the neighboring
farmers, who are thus enabled to reap where before they went a-fishing.
With the recurrence of heavy rains the lake gushes forth from its
under-ground retreat, rises speedily to its normal level, and resumes
its ordinary appearance.

Until a comparatively recent time the causes of the periodical
disappearance of the lake were involved in mystery, and people were
content to accept as a fact that which they could not explain. In later
years, however, scientific men have devoted many years of their lives to
the task of exploring these under-ground recesses, and with the happiest

Although the subterranean geography of this region has been, to the
present, only sketched out, still enough has been discovered to satisfy
them that many of the under-ground passages extend to long distances,
and it has been conclusively proven that the waters of the Zirknitz Lake
at the periods of their recession flow through under-ground channels
into the river Unz, which further on joins the river Save, a tributary
of the Danube.



It had been an eventful morning in the attic. There were six of
us--three of the Guernsey cousins and three of ourselves. Fanny Guernsey
and our Ned had been reading _Robinson Crusoe_ and the _Swiss Family
Robinson_, and so we had all suffered a most horrible shipwreck, and had
finally been cast upon a desert island. The ship was an ancient cradle,
into which we were packed like sardines, and which, owing to Ned's
vigorous efforts at "the wheel," lurched around the attic in a fearful
way, and finally tumbled us all out in a heap upon an old-fashioned
braided rug in a corner. We found ourselves too dense a population for
"the island," and so Jamie Guernsey and I paddled off to the wreck, and
got aboard. Then all at once a change passed over the wreck, and we (Jem
and I) were Mr. and Mrs. Noah, urging our sons and daughters to hurry
into the ark, and be saved. They at once saw that they were huddled upon
the highest peak of a mountain, and must soon be drowned, so in they
clambered, bringing two dolls with them to make out eight souls, and
again we went sailing over the floods. It was Ned who first thought of
our little oversight in forgetting to take animals into the ark.

"What on earth are we to do?" he cried.

"There isn't any earth. It's all water," said Fanny.

"Well, when we _do_ get on earth, what are we to do for meat and milk
and wool--and--and--"

"Oh, it's all up, and we might as well stop being Noah and his wife,"
said Jem to me, impatiently. "What's an ark without the animals? And
there isn't room for a mouse."

"Oh, Jem, you and the girls get on the chest," said the fertile Ned,
"and we'll be pirates, and swoop down on you."

"I don't want to be swooped down upon," said Jem, unreconciled.

"Oh, it's fun. Come on, Phil!" And upon that we were tumbled out, and
Ned and Phil leaped into the cr--cruiser with such a piratical mien, and
turned so fiercely upon us, that we were glad--Fanny and Jessie and
I--to clamber up on the old chest for refuge. Then the cruiser, with a
black neck-tie flying from a cane mast, bore down upon us so hotly that
Jem was forced to come to our defense, and manfully he fought, too. Poor
Jessie shrank into a little heap, and screamed. Fanny, her eyes
flashing, and her tumbled, shining hair full of dried thoroughwort
leaves from a great bunch hanging close above her, was struggling
desperately with Ned, who, instead of carrying her off in his arms, as a
true pirate should do, was pulling her aboard his cruiser by one foot,
while with a crutch that used to be our grandfather's I was pushing her
off--not Fanny, but the cruiser, I mean--into deep water. I was
succeeding finely, when Phil kicked the foot of the crutch aside as I
was throwing my whole weight upon the top, and in a trice I had rolled
into the hold of the pirate ship.

This was too much for Jamie, who seized the mast of the cruiser, with a
cry of "Down with the black flag!" and dealt Phil a blow upon the back
that added another voice to the general chorus of shrieks.

In the midst of the uproar we heard a soft voice from the extreme end of
the attic, calling,

"Children! children!"

One by one we ceased our outcries, and listened.

"Children"--what a soft thread of a voice it was that came out of the
darkness!--"children--Ned, Fanny, Phil, Jessie, Bessie, Jem--come here."

We all looked at each other, until Ned rose bravely and started for the
voice, the rest of us creeping after him. Midway we stopped, and the
voice called,

"Come, children, come."

There was no mistake now; it was the portrait. We huddled together, but
drew nearer and nearer, for there was enchantment in the voice, and as
it grew upon us in the dim light there was enchantment in the face and
figure also.

[Illustration: "LITTLE GRANDMOTHER."]

It was the portrait we were all familiar with, and which we called the
"Little Grandmother." It was the portrait of our mother's grandmother,
taken at the age of sixteen, and which had always hung in the library
until the last holidays, when Phil had by mischance let a missile from
his new toy gun fly in the direction of the portrait. It made an ugly
hole in the canvas among the dark curls of our pretty Little
Grandmother. It was considered a family calamity, but until it could be
sent to a reliable restorer of pictures, it was set up on an old dresser
at the end of the attic. It _had_ had a piece of green baize thrown over
it, which was removed, and now lay on the dresser beside it. Had she
taken off the veil herself?

"Children," she continued, looking right on up among the rafters, as if
she were talking to herself instead of to us, "you never heard me speak
before, and you will never hear me speak again; so open your ears.
Phil"--Phil started and began to quake--"I am sure I hold no personal
grudge against you for that unlucky shot that mutilated my poor head in
this way, but your general conduct is a distress to me. A boy of twelve
should begin to show his knightly qualities, if ever he hopes to bear
the grand old name of gentleman. _Gentle_man, indeed! to shoot his
great-grandmother, with scarcely a pang of regret, and trip his girl
cousin, and witness her fall with a laugh! _Gentle_man, indeed! And,
Ned, you are scarcely a whit behind. You are brave, in a sense, but the
bravery that attacks weakness, and shouts over its own triumphs, is a
spurious bravery. A fine Sir Galahad or Sir Philip Sidney you would
make! There is as crying need of brave and courtly men now as in the
days of Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table, but where are they?
The dear maidens must hope in vain for protection from evil men and evil
beasts if 'the boy is father to the man.' Jamie, you are not as strong
and as full of action as Ned and Phil, but you are a true knight, and
perhaps one of these days you can say,

  "'My strength is as the strength of ten
  Because my heart is pure.'

"You have nothing to fear, Sir Jamie."

By this time Fanny, Jessie, and I had sunk in a little heap on the
floor. How pretty she looked, this girl grandmother! Her dark curls
clung so daintily around her olive face, and the dark eyes shone out
from the shaded brow with such a clear, honest light. We fancied we
could see the red lips move, and the creamy white dress, with its bit of
a waist and short puffy sleeves, tremble with the beating of her heart.
Our own almost ceased to beat when she resumed.

"Fanny, Bessie, Jessie, you are dear girls, though I fear you are going
to lack nobility and dignity of character; but what can be expected of
girls that are taught French instead of their catechism, and the waltz
in place of the minuet! Really, girls, I never _screamed_ in my
life--not even when a shell from a man-of-war burst in front of our
house; and I must say I never witnessed such a romp as this among boys
and girls in all the eighty-five years that I lived."

Eighty-five years! We looked from our Little Grandmother to each other
in astonishment, and then the voice went on:

"But girls are not as they used to be, and perhaps they can not be. The
world is growing weaker and wiser, and you have more already in your
little noddles than I ever learned from books. I did not mean to scold
you, my dears, but I have often wished to give you a bit of advice, and
I have never had so fine an opportunity as this. If the great-grandsons
of Mary Angela Bascombe are knightly men, brave, tender, and true, and
her great-granddaughters are ladies, indeed, gracious, gentle, loyal,
and loving, she will be grateful for the happy misfortune that sent her
to the attic."

There was a long silence. Then Fanny drew a long breath, and each one of
us immediately did the same. Ned, always the leader, stepped forward a
little, and said, "Little Grandmother, we mean, you know, to be all

"And we'll do our best after this; indeed we will," added Jamie.

"That's so," put in Phil, rather awkwardly.

"We _love_, you, Little Grandmother!" burst out Fanny--clasping her
hands--in a little ecstasy, while Jessie and I murmured something in
chorus about wishing to be like her; but there was no response from the
portrait to anything that we said.

We had not noticed that the dim light was fading from the attic, and the
portrait losing its outlines, until the sound of a bell below recalled
us to outward things. Then, clutching each other as we went, we passed
down the attic stairs and through the halls, and gathered in a very
quiet knot in the tea-room. One by one the family gathered there also,
and the seats around the long table were quietly filled.

"What is the matter with you youngsters?" said my father, scanning our
faces keenly. "You are as mute as mice, and look as if you had seen your
grandmother's ghost."

"We--we _have_," said Fanny, with a hysterical laugh, that ended in a
sob; and at that Jessie and I put our napkins to our faces and began to
sob too, while the boys looked at each other and smiled in a sickly sort
of way.

"What does this mean, Ned?" said my father, laying down his napkin; and
my mother nearly shivered a cup and saucer, she set it down so suddenly.

"Why, the--the portrait, you know, up in the attic--the Little
Grandmother--has been talking to us, and we don't just know what it
means," said Ned, making a strong effort to overcome his tremor.

"Talking to you! What did it say?" my father demanded again.

Here Phil came to the rescue, and said, sturdily, if not defiantly, "She
said we were no gentlemen, sir."

"_Gentle_men, indeed!" echoed Cousin Rob, in a sweet falsetto voice,
from the end of the table; whereupon Ned, Phil, and Jamie rose in their
seats, nearly overturning their chairs. Fanny and Jessie caught each
other around the neck, and sobbed a short sob, with a little shriek at
the end of it, and I fled crying to my mother.

It was a very trying scene. My father lost all patience, and my mother
was in real distress, and as five or six were talking at the same
moment, the matter became more and more hopeless, until Ned, who had
gone over to speak to Rob at the end of the table, set up a clear,
ringing, healthy laugh that silenced us all, and turned the force of my
father's wrath full in that direction.

"Ned, we want no more of this nonsense. If this is one of your offensive
practical jokes, explain at once."

"It's not mine--it's Rob's," cried Ned.

"Well, Robert?" said my father, trying to control himself.

"I beg your pardon, Uncle James," said Robert. "I am wholly to blame,
but I did not anticipate such a scene as this. Aunt Fanny sent me to the
store-room at the end of the attic about an hour ago for some corn for
the children to pop after tea. I went up by the back attic stairs. There
was fun, I can assure you, in the main attic. I never heard such a
Babel. I went to the little open window that was made to let light
through from the store-room into the main attic, and saw that you had
set the portrait on the old dresser on the other side, and so covered
the window; but through that ugly hole that Phil made in the Little
Grandmother's head I could see that Ned and Phil were making terrible
havoc with the girls, while Jamie was trying to defend them. When I saw
poor Bessie go under, I thought it time to interfere, and began calling
to them. Then the funny fact of talking through the Little Grandmother's
head grew upon me, and I assumed the falsetto voice that you heard a few
minutes ago. I was the falsetto in the college quintette club, and so
became an expert in the use of it. I found that the youngsters really
thought the Little Grandmother was calling them, and so I improved the
golden opportunity. I'm afraid I didn't lecture in character. I beg the
Little Grandmother's pardon if I did not, but I think I managed to make
a few timely suggestions to Ned and Phil; and I saw and heard one thing
that I shall never, never forget. It was Fanny, when she clasped her
hands like this; and gushed: 'I _love_ you, Little Grandmother.'"

Here all the children, who had returned to their normal state of mind,
fell into fits of laughter, and were joined by the mollified father and
relieved mother.

All the children, except Fanny. She cried with vexation, and did not
promise to forgive "Brother Rob" until he had promised to forget.

And this is the story of the Little Grandmother.




"Uncle Horace, do, please, come out here and look. It is just too funny.
When papa was here last summer he left a pair of old boots, and this
spring some one threw them out on the pile of rails behind the barn. I
was around there a few minutes ago, and I found that two little birds
had gone into one of the boots and built a nest there. I looked in, and
I saw the nest and three eggs. Do come out and tell me what birds they
are. Just now one of them scolded at me very much because he thought I
went too close to the boot."

"I think I can tell you before going what the bird is, for there is only
one which would fairly be apt to adopt the boot as a place for
housekeeping. The birds are probably wrens, Bennie, but we will go and

As we were passing around toward the rear of the barn I heard, sure
enough, the song of a wren from the branches of a cherry-tree which we
passed, and when we reached the "boot," out flew the mate of the
songster, and without going further than the nearest fence post, she
stopped and began to scold us at a furious rate.

"That is just the way she went on before, Uncle Horace. What a spiteful
little thing she is!"

"Oh no, not spiteful, Bennie; she is only standing up for her rights.
She evidently thinks that the boot belongs to her, and that we have no
business here."

"But is it not queer that they should take such a place for their nest?
An old boot!"

"No, it is not queer, Ben; it is precisely the sort of thing you might
expect. When you mentioned the place of the nest, I felt at once
tolerably sure that a pair of wrens must be the builders, for they seem
to have a special fancy for odd places. When we go into the house again
I will show you Mr. Audubon's plate of this species, and you will see
that he represents them as having built their nest in an old torn hat
which had been hung on a branch of a tree. I saw a wren's nest once in a
pickle jar, and at another time a pair had taken possession of a tomato
can which some boys had hung on a fence stake and used as a mark for
shooting till it was full of shot-holes. They often go into empty boxes,
and it is curious how much work they will do in filling up a box when it
is too large for their little nest. I recollect one case where a pair of
wrens took a fancy to a soap box which was more than a foot long, and
rather than leave any part of it vacant they actually worked away till
they had piled grass, etc., into it clear down to the very hole by which
they entered, and there they built their nest right down close to the
entrance. These were all American wrens; but here is a beautiful drawing
of another species never seen in this country."

"Oh, Uncle Horace, what a cunning little fellow, one up above and one
looking out of that hole in the nest! You say he never comes to this
country; where does he live, then?"

"That drawing represents the common wren of England and of France,
Bennie. In fact, the bird is found in most parts of southern and western
Europe, and is just as familiar in its habit of coming about houses
there as our wren is here. They all of them seem to like the idea of
being where people are, and yet they are timid and retiring little
things after all. The genus to which they belong is called in the books
_Troglodytes_, which you must pronounce in four syllables, not three. It
sounds like a harsh name for such a delicate bird; it means a dweller in

"Why, Uncle Horace, you did not say anything about their living in

"No, I did not, Bennie, nor do I think they ever go into caves. Still,
the name is a very correct one, as applying to their habits. If you will
carefully watch this pair out here behind the barn, you will see for
yourself. There is no nook or corner about there which you will not see
them prying into."

"Here comes one of them now, Uncle Horace, out through the stone fence.
He is going to scold us for being here to watch him. You need not mind
it, little fellow; we shall not hurt you. But what makes him keep his
tail held up so straight? Some of the time he almost lays it over on his

"I was about to call your attention to that very thing. That is one of
their singular peculiarities. All of this tribe of the wrens have that
curious habit. By 'this tribe,' I mean those species which so much
resemble the common wren of Europe or the house wren of America, for
there are others which are quite distinct from them, and which do not
carry their tails in that manner. Look at the drawing, and you will see
that the bird on the top of the nest has his tail raised, though
scarcely so remarkably as our friend here on the fence, but still it is
enough to show his tendency. Now we have here, in our Northern and
Eastern States especially, another species which commonly comes to us
only in the winter instead of being here, as this bird is, during the
summer. Though he lives more in the woods, and does not very often come
about houses, yet they are very similar to the house wren, and you would
notice them at once because of this habit of carrying the tail erect;
and it would be the same with the wood wren, and also with the queer
little fellows who live in the marshes, the marsh wrens."

"And then are there others which are not like them--not what you call of
the same 'tribe'?"

"Yes, in our Southern States, and even no further south than Delaware,
we find a species decidedly larger than our house wren, and having no
resemblance to it as far as familiarity with men and houses is
concerned. It is the great Carolina wren, and from seeing this species
now before us you would scarcely imagine that to be a wren at all. He
lives in the woods, he carries his tail as a robin or a bluebird does,
and his song is not like the few trilling and twittering notes of the
house wren. He pours out a flood of music that is similar to that of a
thrush; you can scarcely believe when you see him that so much power of
notes can come from a body so small."

"I see in this drawing, Uncle Horace, that the European species makes a
nest with only a hole in the side. I have seen a robin's nest, and
several swallows' nests, and sparrows' nests, and they were all open on
the top, like a cup; they were not covered."

"No, that is very true, Ben. That is the way in which the greater number
of birds build. But many of the wrens have the propensity to arch their
nests over. The one in the drawing is represented correctly. They always
seem determined to have an arch, even if it is not needed--if there is
an arch there already. One pair, I recollect, built their nest inside a
small gourd shell. The top of the shell arched over so close that the
back of the bird as she sat in the nest almost touched the shell, but
she had not been contented without having an arch of her own, and she
had actually made one no thicker than fine paper. It seemed to me that
it was only one layer of fine fibres, hair, grass etc. But there it was,
an arch, and she was doubtless contented."

"What did you mean by the marsh wrens being queer little fellows?"

"They are queer fellows, sure enough. Queer in their nests, queer in
their song, queer in the places they choose for their homes. They are of
two species, quite closely resembling each other, and yet one will never
live where the water is fresh, and the other will live only where it is
fresh. The first is seen only on the salt-marshes, and yet its habits
are almost the same as those of the fresh-water bird. They build nests
almost alike, and yet they never put them in similar places. In going
across a salt-marsh you often see a tuft of the tall coarse grasses, of
which the stems have been woven and bound together into a sort of
column, and then in their top, two or three feet from the ground, is a
large coarse ball of long leaves and fibres, of the size of a child's
head. This is the nest of a marsh wren. Now you may cross the
fresh-water marshes all day long, and you will see no such thing, and
yet you will see numbers of the short-billed marsh wrens, and you will
pass many of their nests, and the nests will look almost exactly like
those perched up in the tops of the salt-water grasses, but you will not
see them unless you know where to look. Why? Because instead of being
away up on the grasses, they are placed _at the roots_. Can you tell why
they differ so in their nest-building? I can not. Each nest, of either
species, is a coarse ball, as already mentioned, with a round hole on
the side, and inside is the real nest, a beautifully smooth and
comfortable place for the bird and her young."

"Is the nest like this one in the drawing? This has a hole in the side."

"Somewhat like it, but it is built commonly of coarser materials. I
mentioned also that the marsh wrens of either the salt or fresh water
species were peculiar in their notes, for you can scarcely call it a
song. It is a series of short sounds, seeming almost like the bubbling
of air through water--somewhat like the noise which your feet make in
stepping on the marshy ground, and yet it has a musical effect which is
very pleasant."



Almost every one has read of Ezekiel Green and his flying machine, and a
great many boys and men have been quite sure that they could manufacture
wings which would enable them to fly.

As long ago as the reign of James IV. of Scotland an Italian who
pretended to be able to change common metals into gold, and who wasted a
great deal of the King's money in this way, but all to no purpose, "took
in hand to fly with wings" as far as France, and to be there before the
King's ambassadors, who travelled in the ordinary way. He had a pair of
wings made of feathers, and when these had been fastened upon him he
flew off the wall of Stirling Castle, but only to fall heavily to the
ground, and break his thigh-bone.

The abbot of Tarryland (for so he had been created by the credulous
King) declared that the blame of this failure should be laid upon the
fact that there were _hen feathers_ in the wings, and that hens are more
inclined to the barn-yard than the skies--a very ingenious way of
defending himself; but it could not quiet the twinges in his broken

Another experiment, which was made three hundred years later, was more
successful. It was tried on a convict from the galleys, whose life was
not thought too valuable to risk, and when ready for flight he must have
been an object capable of frightening all the birds of the air. He was
"surrounded with whirls of feathers, curiously interlaced, and extending
gradually at suitable distances in a horizontal direction from his feet
to his neck." When first launched from a height of seventy feet, his
feelings could not have been enviable, and the great mass of spectators
watched him in almost breathless silence. But instead of falling, he
went down slowly, and landed on his feet, with no inconvenience except a
feeling of sea-sickness.

Nothing seems to have come of it, as men are not flying through the air
yet; but the Flying Ship may possibly have led to the balloon. This
strange scheme made quite a sensation in the year 1709, and the first
account of it was written in Portuguese. It was invented by a Brazilian
priest, who wanted the King of Portugal to adopt it.

In an ancient document purporting to be an address made to this monarch
we read: "Father Bartholomew Laurent says that he has found out an
Invention, by the Help of which one may more speedily travel through the
Air than any other Way either by Sea or Land, so that one may go 200
Miles in 24 Hours; send Orders and Conclusions of Councils to Generals,
in a manner, as soon as they are determined in private Cabinets; which
will be so much the more Advantageous to your Majesty, as your Dominions
lie far remote from one another, and which for want of Councils cannot
be maintained nor augmented in Revenues and Extent.

"Merchants may have their Merchandize, and send Letters and Packets more
conveniently. Places besieged may be Supply'd with Necessaries and
Succours. Moreover, we may transport out of such Places what we please,
and the Enemy cannot hinder it."

This remarkable ship was made as nearly in the form of a bird as
possible; the tail (not quite true to nature) being the stern, and the
head the figure-head of the vessel. At the bottom were two queerly
shaped wings "to keep the ship upright"; at the top, the sails, which
rounded over like the body of the bird; the light body of the ship was
scalloped at both ends, and in the cavity of each was a pair of bellows,
to be blown when there was no wind; and there were globes of heaven and
earth, two load-stones, and "a good number of large amber beads fastened
in an iron wire net, which, by a secret operation, would help to keep
the ship aloft."

The strange vehicle was supposed to accommodate ten or eleven men
"besides the artist," and this last personage, "by the help of the
celestial globe, a sea map and compass, takes the height of the sun,
thereby to find out the spot of land over which they are on the globe of
the earth." It was a very funny affair, but quite ingenious, considering
how little the laws of gravitation, and many other things connected with
the art of flying, were then understood; yet no such object has been
seen making its way through the air, and a flying ship would be very apt
to find itself on the ground or in the water.




Base-ball has long been recognized as the national game of this country,
and if any one has any idea that cricket or lawn tennis or lacrosse is
likely to put it into the background, that person should have been one
of the twelve thousand persons who witnessed the great game between
Princeton and Yale Colleges on Decoration-day.

If the play might have been better, the weather could not, and the
enthusiasm and enjoyment of the immense crowd of spectators knew no
bounds. Almost every one was decorated either with the blue of Yale or
the orange of Princeton, for, as every boy who lives in the neighborhood
of New York knows, the population of that great city and the neighboring
cities, towns, and villages is divided into two parties, which are as
enthusiastic about their favorite colleges as Republicans and Democrats
are for their candidates at a Presidential election. "Are you Yale or
Princeton?" one boy asks of another, and then, if the two boys prove to
be of different parties, there follows a long argument about the merits
of the two colleges, and however strong may be the facts brought
forward, it always ends by one of the boys being convinced--that the
other does not know much about foot-ball or base-ball, as the case may
be, anyhow.

The rules of base-ball are very long and elaborate, and moreover, they
are frequently altered. If we were to print them all, they would occupy
at least six times as much space as this article. That being the case,
we will not print them, and even if we did, very few of our readers
would care to read them, for every American boy knows the principal
rules, even though he may not be able to pass an examination in the
whole code. Nor shall we attempt to describe the game as we have done
with other less-known games. Like the Constitution, base-ball is one of
the institutions of the country, but it has an advantage over that
important document in the fact that the citizens of this country have
mastered the art and science of base-ball (or think they have) long
before they know anything about the Constitution. And so we will not
describe or attempt to teach it, and if any of our young readers think
that we are not treating them fairly by keeping back the valuable
information with which, if the editor would allow it, we could fill the
paper, we shall be much obliged if those young gentlemen will send their
names and addresses to this office, when we will endeavor to refer them
to some good authority on the subject.

Everybody knows by this time that in the great college game played on
Decoration-day Yale beat Princeton easily. The fact is, the Princeton
men were sadly wanting in sharp fielding, and fielding is the real
science of the game. Your good fielder is always on the move. No matter
where the ball may be, it will be in-field in a few seconds, and neither
basemen nor short-stop must be caught napping.

Each man must be ready to support his fellow, and he must not think that
because the ball does not come in his particular part of the field he
need not trouble himself about it. Every player plays not for himself
alone, but for his side, and it is in the perfect working together of
the whole nine that the highest art of ball-playing consists. The
basemen have their regular positions, but it must be remembered that the
game is where the ball is, and that the fielder who can best reach the
ball is the one who should field it.

One of the most important positions is that of short-stop. He is a kind
of Jack-of-all-trades. He must be able to do the work of any of the
in-fielders, to occupy a baseman's place when that person is fielding a
ball, to "back up" the basemen, so as to cover any swift or widely
thrown balls which they may be unable to reach, and to back up the
pitcher, and so save him extra work in fielding balls returned to him by
the catcher. The most eminent positions in a nine are, of course, those
of pitcher and catcher, but the short-stop may have just as much
enjoyment out of his part, and may do his side as much service as the
more prominent players of the "battery."

It is not every one that can be a catcher. Like poets and wicket-keepers
at cricket, the catcher is "born, not made." Because there is a catcher
on every nine, it does not follow that every ninth man is one of these
much-valued creatures whose excellence is due to instinct rather than to
education. It is by no means the case that every person who writes verse
is a poet, nor that every cricketer who stands behind the wicket is a
wicket-keeper. A man may catch, but he is not therefore a catcher. If he
has not a hand that acts directly with the eye, and an eye that sees
almost before it has time to look--above all, if he shrinks from the
swiftly darting ball, or winces as the bat is swung within a very few
inches of his head--he will not make a catcher.

The kind of courage required for this position is very peculiar. It is
not necessarily the sort of courage that would lead a man to jump into a
mill-race to save another from drowning, nor is it especially the calm
bravery that carries a soldier up to the ramparts behind which the enemy
and perhaps death are lurking. But it is an admirable quality, and the
chances are that the man who can control his nerves in the hazardous
position of a base-ball catcher would not be found wanting when the time
arrived for the exercise of his courage under even more trying

The great Duke of Wellington said, as he watched the Eton boys playing
cricket, "It was here that the battle of Waterloo was won," and though
Waterloo is in Belgium and Eton in England, there was much truth in what
the great commander said. The qualities which cricket brings out and
educates (and it is fully as much so with base-ball) are qualities that
make a man or boy courageous, quick to act in emergency, and loyal.
These are the three qualities that are most desired in a soldier, and
especially in one who is set over others.

When the American boy shall have become a man, and shall be placed in a
position to test himself to see what kind of stuff he is made of, and
finds that his courage, his resolution, his faithfulness, do not fail
him, he may look back upon those happy afternoons spent on the base-ball
field, and think how valuable an education he was working out for
himself when he thought he was merely "having a good time."

[Illustration: THE ANGELS' WATCH.]

[Illustration: OUR POST-OFFICE BOX.]

The Postmistress thinks that every little reader will be interested in
the letter from Alberto Dal M., who tells about a visit to Naples. She
is very much pleased to hear from little travellers as well as from
little stay-at-homes. The poem entitled "A Pansy Show" is the first
attempt of the youthful writer. Our Post-office Box is quite sparkling
this lovely summer day, with its letters, rhymes, and bits of
information. Let nobody fail to read the amusing description of the
wedding outfit of a Hindoo bride under the head of C. Y. P. R. U. After
a long silence, we are pleased to receive another letter from Mrs.
Richardson, of Woodside. We have not forgotten Uncle Pete and his Ida,
nor the little school among the pines.

       *       *       *       *       *


     This time I will tell the readers of YOUNG PEOPLE about my visit to
     Naples. From our rooms I could see the lovely bay, and in the
     distance the island of Capri, where there is a beautiful grotto.
     One morning at seven o'clock I started for Vesuvius in a carriage
     that had three horses for the mountain roads, and arrived at the
     Observatory at about half past eleven. I would like to have gone up
     by the railroad to the crater, but it was considered too dangerous,
     as there had been an accident a short time before my visit. I went
     into the Observatory, where visitors are not usually admitted.
     There I saw many electric wires, one of which showed when Vesuvius
     was throwing out stones. Even the slightest movement of the
     mountain could be felt by this wire, which without it would be
     unnoticed; another showed in which direction the movement was,
     whether east, west, north, or south; and still another told when
     the temperature changed.

     There were many specimens of the different minerals thrown from
     Vesuvius. Some were crystallized sulphur, some iron, some salt, and
     some magnesia. Some of the lava when broken contained in the centre
     a white substance which had the form of a flower, another piece
     looked like a butterfly, and there were also some long white sticks
     which resembled macaroni. I saw the instruments with which they
     take up the hot lava; one was a kind of shovel, another a long pair
     of pincers. All that I saw here interested me very much. The view
     from the Observatory was magnificent. In the distance one could see
     the whole city of Naples, and the mountain looked like a desert of
     burnt wood. The lava which had been thrown out from different
     eruptions covered the ground everywhere, and was in some places
     heaped up very high in many curious forms. Some of the lava was
     gray, some red, and some brown. I picked up several pieces to carry
     home, also a few flowers which I found growing among the lava.

     A few days after, I went to visit the ruined city of Pompeii. After
     passing through one of the old gates of the city, I went into a
     small museum, where I saw a few petrifactions and other things, but
     most of the curiosities are at Naples, in the National Museum. The
     streets of Pompeii are very narrow, paved with large blocks of
     stone, and I could see the ruts made by the wagons before the city
     was destroyed. I went into what was once a barber's shop, where
     there was still a block of marble which had been used as a seat. I
     saw a shelf there, and was told that a razor, a comb, and pomade
     were found on it. In a baker's shop I saw an oven where loaves of
     bread had been found. The houses were but one story high, and each
     house opened into a court, from which it received its light, as the
     rooms had no windows. Some of the frescoes on the walls were still


       *       *       *       *       *


     I began to take your paper last May, and like it very much. I often
     read the letters in Our Post-office Box, and have often thought I
     would like to write one. I have a little bird named Dicky, and he
     is very tame. When I call him he will come to me, and often when I
     am writing he will fly down and perch on my pen. I leave his cage
     door open all the time, and he goes out and in when he likes. The
     other day he was sick, and we thought he was going to die, but he
     got well again the next day. I have a little baby brother a week
     and three days old. This is my first letter to YOUNG PEOPLE.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am staying in Germantown with my aunt, and am having a lovely
     time; and as I have not seen many letters from here, I thought I
     would write and tell you about our place. We have a good many
     chickens, six horses, and a very pretty pet cat. His name is
     Pursius, but we call him Persie for a short name. He climbs up from
     our back shed to the window-sill, and cries until we open the
     window and let him in. Does not the Postmistress think him a smart
     cat, I wonder? He does a good many more cute things, but it would
     make my letter too long to tell them all. I do not go to school,
     but study at home. I took lessons of a French mademoiselle in the
     winter, and can talk a little in French. My favorite stories in
     _Young People_ are "The Dolls' Dressmaker," "Toby Tyler," "Tim and
     Tip," and "Phil's Fairies." I forgot to say that the woods are only
     five minutes' walk from the house, and the apple-trees are all in
     bloom, and I often take my little basket over to the woods and
     gather it full of apple blossoms and dogwood flowers. My papa gave
     me a pretty little watch on my last birthday.


       *       *       *       *       *


  Three children sat in a row on a fence;
    They knew not what to do;
  They were tired of playing their old games,
    And wished for something new.

  They looked around with discontent,
   'Till they saw the pansy bed,
  Where each bright blossom, in purple and gold,
    Was nodding its royal head.

  Then one of the children cried aloud:
    "Let's have a pansy show;
  We can dress the flowers and make them look
    Just like people, you know."

  They gathered the velvet pansies,
    And when dressed in green and white.
  They were placed in groups on the smooth green grass--
    It was truly a fairy sight.

  They charged five pins admission
    To see the wonderful flowers;
  In this way they made great profits,
    And spent many pleasant hours.

  In summer you will see the pansies,
    On their faces an eager glow,
  Waiting to be picked by the children,
    And placed in the flower show.


       *       *       *       *       *


     A kind uncle, away off in New Jersey, sends me HARPER'S YOUNG
     PEOPLE. Unless you have been a little country girl ten years old,
     like me, you can not imagine what pleasure it gives me, or how
     eagerly I run to meet brother Bertram when he brings the mail on
     Thursdays. Bertie, who is twelve years old, goes to school, while I
     have to stay at home and help to take care of a baby brother and
     sister (twins) so sweet and cunning that I wish you could see them.
     The little boy is named after grandpa, and the girl after uncle
     Jesse B., by adding an i to Jesse. Papa told me I must not use many
     capital I's if I wrote you a letter; but how else can I tell you
     that I ride six miles on horseback once a week, to take a music
     lesson, on a dear old horse (we call her Kate) so faithful and true
     that I am sure Toby Tyler and the boys would be delighted to have
     her in their circus, but I can't spare her? Papa is a farmer, and
     we make pets of colts and calves and lambs and pigs, but I do not
     give as much attention to them as I do to books and the babies. I
     have a little sister Dora, four years old, who came running in one
     evening and said, "Mamma, the gipperwills are singing, and it is
     time to go barefooted." She had been told that when the
     whippoorwills sing there is no danger of catching cold. My home is
     on a high location, overlooking a beautiful valley--a landscape
     that never fails to please all who look upon it. Here, if I can not
     go to school. I try to learn, and be happy and busy and helpful to


What fun it must be to take care of twins! Do they look very much alike,
and how old are they? You ought to have said more about them, dear.
Although you can not attend school, you are learning a great many
pleasant things at home, as your letter shows. The I's are not too
numerous. I shall think of Bertie carrying YOUNG PEOPLE home from the
office on Thursdays, and fancy my little correspondent flying down the
garden walk to meet him as he stops at the gate.

       *       *       *       *       *


     My home is in Springfield. I have been wanting to write a letter
     for the YOUNG PEOPLE since I first took it, which was last January,
     but I was timid about doing it. My papa gave the paper to me as a
     New-Year's gift, and I have had more than a dollar and a half's
     worth of pleasure from it already. I have seen so much about "Toby
     Tyler" in the letters, but have never seen anything about him in
     the numbers, and my mamma reads everything in them to me; so please
     tell me where to find him. I am seven and a half years old; have
     never been to school, but am taught at home; will start in a week
     or two. I am the only child, and mamma says she will be too lonely
     without me; but I tell her she must let me learn and be a smart
     little girl. I have a lot of pets: a beautiful Esquimau dog just
     one year younger than I, a canary-bird, and a lot of the prettiest
     little chickens; but my kitten has run away, or has been killed. He
     was such a pet, because he was so smart, and performed so many
     tricks. I am going to have a pony as soon as I learn to ride. I
     have the money, given to me by my uncle; he gave me one hundred
     dollars six months ago, and I loaned it to papa at ten per cent.
     interest. I have written 'most too long a letter, but please
     publish it if you can.


The story of "Toby Tyler" was begun in No. 58, Vol. II., of HARPER'S
YOUNG PEOPLE. The same Toby is the hero of "Mr. Stubbs's Brother"; but
if you are very anxious to read all the adventures of a little boy who
was once so foolish as to run away from his kind uncle Daniel and travel
with a circus, you must send for _Toby Tyler_, which the Messrs. Harper
publish in a very pretty little book by itself. The price is $1. I hope
you will enjoy school, and surprise mamma by learning very fast. When
the pony is bought, you must write again, and tell me his name, and all
about your charming rides.

       *       *       *       *       *


     MY DEAR "YOUNG PEOPLE,"--It has been quite a while since I have
     written a letter to you all. I had books and papers enough, thanks
     to your kind help, and so I have not had any need to call upon your
     generosity again. Our school, you will be glad to know, still keeps
     on in a very encouraging way. I had only a few dollars sent for the
     building, and had almost despaired of ever getting one, when one
     day I received a letter from a very kind gentleman, who wrote that
     if we were willing to give the land to the diocese, and build a
     chapel, he could raise us money to do it. You may be sure we were
     only too glad to do so, and he did his part very soon. We have the
     building framed, all the lumber is ready, and the carpenter
     promises that he will soon have it done. We have the windows, sent
     by the same kind gentleman, of colored and ground glass, and the
     rector in Lincolnton will give our school one service each month.
     The people have no preaching now except from preachers of their own
     race, who are often very ignorant men. We hope this will be a great
     help in educating the children and their parents, and making them
     good and happy. I will tell you about it when church begins. Your


       *       *       *       *       *


     I like "Toby Tyler" and "Talking Leaves" the best of all the
     stories. I have a pet rooster; his name is Whitehead, because when
     little he had a white spot on the top of his head. He is so tame
     that my little sister can take him by the tail and drive him all
     around the yard like a dog, and he will not try to get away; and
     when we have a bunch of bananas on the veranda hanging up over the
     railing, he will fly up on the railing and pull the bananas off the
     bunch, and drop them down for the hens that are on the ground below
     him. I have a handsome parrot; he is yellow, green, blue, red, and
     black. His name is Dandy, but he calls himself Polly.

     We live about twenty-five miles from the volcano Kilauea, and every
     night when I go to bed I look out of the window of my bedroom, and
     can see the light of it, sometimes bright and sometimes faint.

  MAY L. H.

Tell your sister to take hold of the rooster's tail very gently. He is
very kind to pick bananas for the hens. Charlotte's letter, which came
with yours, will appear in a future number.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I am ten years old, and hope you will put my piece of poetry in the
     poets' corner:


  It gently lifts its little head,
    And looks up to the sun;
  It hears the birds a-twittering,
    And knows that spring has come.

  It lives in quiet little nooks,
    Where the sunbeams come and play;
  It hears the crickets' cheerful chirp,
    And sees them day by day.

  And so this lovely little flower
    Shows that spring has come;
  But soon will wilt and fade away,
    And then spring will be done.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I enjoy reading your stories very much indeed, especially those
     written by Jimmy Brown. There is a robin and a chippy-bird building
     their nests on the honeysuckle vine that is climbing up our piazza.
     The nests are about two feet apart. My brother Fred has about
     twenty-two pigeons. They are so tame that they come in front of the
     kitchen and pick up the crumbs of bread.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a boy eight years old, and I can read and write a little, but
     my aunt Daisy is writing this for me, because I do not form the
     letters plainly yet. I must tell you about a pet pony I have. His
     nose is pure white, while all the rest of him is jet black. I call
     him Gip, and he will eat sugar, bananas, and cookies. He is very
     small and cunning, and I ride him sometimes, with my papa holding
     the bridle. Some time I hope I can ride him all alone. Besides Gip,
     I have a canary called Funny, a dog which I have named Yum-yum, a
     rabbit which we call Toodles, and a big Maltese cat called Thomas
     Didymus. Don't you think I have a good many pets? I go to school
     with my sister every day, and as it is a long distance from my
     home, I always carry our lunch in a little basket, and we eat it at
     recess. My little sister is only seven years old, and she can make
     real pretty poetry. This is a little poem that she made all alone,
     and we think it is very good. Will you please print it?



  How cunning does my Kitty play
  With a spool, or a long string, all day!
  She capers round in a pretty way,
  As much as if she would say,
  "Give me some milk, and let me drink
  From a pan, all bright and gay,
  And please, dear mistress, don't say nay.
  Or surely I will run away,
  And with you no longer stay.
  Give me some milk, and let me drink."

Your pets have very droll names, Nelson, especially the doggie. Thank
you for your nice letter, and for little sister's jingle, which is very
well done for a girl who is only seven.

       *       *       *       *       *

The children who are studying geography may hold up both hands. Shall I
count them? No wonder you laugh. A Postmistress would be very clever
indeed who could count the forest of hands which are waving gleefully in
the air at this moment. What I hope is that every one of you will read
this rhymed alphabet of countries; and if you do, and I hear that you
like it, perhaps I'll be able to find another one for you some day in a
corner of our box:


  _A_ stands for _America_, our free, happy land,
  And likewise _Arabia_, shrouded in sand;
  While _B_ stands for _Belgium_, and mighty _Brazil_,
  Which such a big place on the atlas does fill.
  For _C_ we have _China_, and _Corsica_ too,
  Where the Emperor Napoleon from infancy grew;
  And _D_ is for _Denmark_, a brave little land,
  Which gave birth to Andersen, charming and bland.
  Next _E_ stands for _England_, a wonderful power,
  And also for _Egypt_, where Pyramids tower;
  And _F_ is for fertile and beautiful _France_,
  The land of all chivalry, song, and romance.
  For _G_ we have _Germany_, _Greenland_, and _Greece_,
  Whose praises the poets to sing will ne'er cease;
  While _H_ goes with _Holland_, a country most quaint,
  Where they know how to fight, and they know how to paint.
  For _I_ we find _India_, colossal, immense.
  And _Ireland_, confused by its rows and its rents.
  While _J_ goes with _Java_, and distant _Japan_,
  Where for less than a penny they make you a fan.
  _Kamtchatka_, I think, will do well for the _K_,
  But it's awfully cold there, all travellers say;
  While _L_'s for _Liberia_, owned by the blacks,
  Who work in the fields till the sun burns their backs.
  _M_ stands for _Morocco_ and far _Mozambique_,
  Where the breezes are hot on the maiden's brown cheek.
  For _N_, let me see, there's _Norway_, I'm sure,
  Whose peasants come here a good place to secure.
  And _O_ with _Ohio_ can go very well,
  And its future of promise no dreamer can tell.
  We have _Poland_ and _Persia_ and _Peru_ for _P_,
  And big _Patagonia_, wild as can be,
  While _Queensland_'s the best I can find for the _Q_,
  And is famous for swans which are coal black in hue.
  For _R_ there is _Russia_, the mighty and vast,
  With a history stretching away to the past;
  And _S_ is for _Sweden_, and _Sicily_ fair,
  Where Mount Etna with lava oft darkens the air;
  While _T_ stands for _Turkey_ and _Tunis_, you see;
  And _U_ is for _Uruguay_, plain as can be.
  For _V_, _Venezuela_, with forests and vales,
  Will do very well; and the _W_ is _Wales_.
  Near Japan there is _Ximo_, a beautiful isle,
  Where Nature in all her green splendor doth smile;
  While for _Y_ _Yucatan_ does most nicely exist,
  And both _Zealand_ and _Zante_ can end the long list.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little girl twelve years old. I attend a very pleasant
     school not far from home, and have a good teacher. We read your
     paper at school. We take sixteen numbers for one class. I think
     Jimmy Brown's stories are the funniest. We read one paper through
     in a week; and I am so glad when the first of the week comes, so
     that we can have a new one. I enjoy reading the letters in your
     paper very much; but I have never seen one from Warwick yet, so I
     thought I would write one. I live on a farm not far from the
     village, and it is a very pleasant place. Our school yard is very
     large, and down at the lower end there is a creek, and there are
     some very large trees on the bank, and we eat our dinner there in
     the summer.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I send to you a queer dandelion. My little sister May picked it in
     our yard yesterday. There is another growing on the same plant like
     it. Please let me know if this is often met with; also, what you
     think of it.


We do not often find nine dandelions on one stem, but still they are
sometimes found growing in clusters like the specimen Robbie sent. The
Postmistress thinks them very curious when grouped in this way, and is
glad to have looked at these.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little boy eleven years old, and I live in the great city of
     New York. I took your paper by the advice of a friend, and love it
     very much indeed.

     I have a great many pets--a goat, two rabbits, three canary-birds,
     and a Maltese kitten; but, better than all, there is my little
     sister Elsie, who only came four months ago.

     We are soon going into the country, and I expect to have a splendid
     time playing in a little brook that runs through a field at the
     back of the house. I hope all the boys and girls who write to Our
     Post-office Box will have a pleasant vacation.


       *       *       *       *       *

C. Y. P. R. U.

A HINDOO BRIDE.--No doubt the readers of YOUNG PEOPLE are pleased when
they have an opportunity to look at the pretty wedding presents of a
bride. A Bombay paper has lately printed an interesting description of
the dowry of a young lady of Surat. She was the daughter of a native
gentleman of high rank. According to custom, her outfit was sent before
her to the house of the bridegroom. The long procession was led by a
number of elephants, horses, and carriages. These were followed by a
number of female servants, all in snow-white clothes, each bearing in
her hands a covered tray. About fifty youths followed with rose-water
decanters of silver on silver salvers. Then came five hundred coolies,
some with magnificent bedsteads, with curtains, pillows, etc., others
with swings, benches, boxes, cupboards of various designs, sofas,
chairs, tables, and, in short, all the paraphernalia of a modern house.
These were followed by seventy-five women, each carrying a tray of
sweetmeats. One hundred men with cooking utensils brought up the rear.
Some of these men carried on their heads basket-loads of lamps, wall
shades, chandeliers, etc.

       *       *       *       *       *

HILDA L.--Cloth cases, postage paid, for binding Vols. I. and II. of
YOUNG PEOPLE, will be sent to your home in England, on application to
Messrs. Harper & Brothers, for the sum of two shillings each.

       *       *       *       *       *

  Little Rosy Redcheek said unto a Clover,
  "Flower, why were you made?
  I was made for mother--
  She hasn't any other;
  But you were made for no one, I'm afraid."

  Then the Clover softly unto Redcheek whispered,
  "Pluck me ere you go."
  Redcheek, little dreaming,
  Pulled, and ran off screaming,
  "Oh; you naughty, naughty flower, to sting me so!"

  "Foolish one!" the startled bee buzzed crossly--
  "Foolish not to see
  That I make my honey
  While the day is sunny;
  That the pretty little clover lives for me."

       *       *       *       *       *

MRS. I. B. R.--Thanks for your kindness in sending the composition of
your gifted little pupil. The Postmistress has read it with interest,
and thinks it shows real talent on the part of its youthful writer, as
well as a habit of attention, which proves her teacher's faithful care.
It is too long to be printed in Our Post-office Box.

       *       *       *       *       *

A PRETTY PANEL PICTURE.--A very graceful and beautiful panel picture may
be painted on a common slate. Paint the background in some neutral tint,
or else have one shaded in color; those from dark brown to very light
are effective. Use burnt umber and white. Be very careful indeed to
shade gradually and evenly. Flowers may be grouped very prettily for
panel pictures. A bunch of mountain-ash berries, a cluster of wheat
heads and field daisies, a few sprays of wild roses, or a dainty little
handful of buttercups, with grasses and clover, are any of them
appropriate for a panel. The frames may be gilded, silvered, left in the
color of the wood, or painted in a contrasting tint.

       *       *       *       *       *

We would call the attention of the C. Y. P. R. U. this week to Miss
Sarah Cooper's article on the "Portuguese Man-of-War," to the account of
"A Wonderful Lake," and to "Wrens and their Nests," by Eesung Eyliss.
The boys will not fail to be interested in what Sherwood Ryse has to say
about Base-Ball.

       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


  I am composed of 15 letters, and am the name of a mountain in New
  My 9, 3, 5 is a cabin.
  My 6, 2, 15, 5 is often said by naughty boys.
  My 12, 3, 4 is a weapon.
  My 1, 10, 8, 13 is a fog.
  My 1, 10, 15, 5 is a plant.
  My 12, 14, 7, 13 is an animal.
  My 11, 2, 3, 15 is a part of speech.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 2.


1. A sceptre with three prongs. 2. A vegetable. 3. A pretty name for a
girl. 4. Power. 5. Nothing. 6. Obscurely. 7. A box. 8. To hinder. 9. An
iron bar. Primals and finals are the names of three favorites of


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 3.


  1. Hanc rows fast down the Fox River.
  2. Where is Rob? In the garden, I suppose.
  3. It rains now; birds are at home in their nests.
  4. Carrie's wand was very pretty.
  5. Oh, pshaw, Kitty, do not be so silly!


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 4.


1. To scream. 2. A giant. 3. A bird. 4. A fast.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 5.



  In beer, not in malt.
  In vinegar, not in salt.
  In young, not in old.
  In plait, not in fold.
  In ligament, not in band.
  My whole an Eastern land.


  In forest, not in field.
  In breastplate, not in shield.
  In English, not in Dutch.
  In little, not in much.
  In inn, not in hotel.
  In scream, not in yell.
  In blacksmith, not in miller.
  My whole a pointed pillar.


       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.

1. Because it is the beginning of June. 2. A, because it makes _her
hear_. 3. When it cannot bear you. 4. When it is a sky-light. 5. Because
both are prized for their flour (flower). 6. Because it is of little use
until it is broken.

No. 2.


No. 3.

      M           E
    H O T       E V E
  M O R A L   E V E N T
    T A N       E N D
      L           T

      P           T
    N O T       T O P
  P O W E R   T O N I C
    T E N       P I T
      R           C

No. 4.

  S H A F T    C R A N E
  H O N O R    R A V E N
  A N K L E    A V E R T
  F O L D S    N E R V E
  T R E S S    E N T E R

       *       *       *       *       *

Correct answers to puzzles have been received from Frank Lomas, Emil S.
Hirsh, H. E. Johnston, Jun., Florence Evans, Louise Best, Amy
Vanderveer, John K. Thomas, C. L. T., Rose and Lily, "I. Scycle," Amy
Kahn, Edward Haines, Gertie Childs, Blanche P. Heywood, Roger Derby,
Willie Jones, Mary H. Hobart, William A. Lewis, Florence Cox, and Elsie
M. D.

       *       *       *       *       *

[_For Exchanges, see 2d and 3d pages of cover._]



  Six small maidens here you see.
  Just as sweet as sweet can be;
  Smiling, pouting, white, and red--
  Little girls just out of bed.

  When the birdies sought the nest,
  Went these little ones to rest;
  And they've wakened glad and gay
  With the singing-birds to-day.

  Would you like their names to guess?
  Blanche and Dorothy and Bess,
  Lottie, Lulu, Winifred:
  Here they are, just out of bed.

       *       *       *       *       *


This saying originated from the following circumstance: Will Somers, the
celebrated jester to Henry VIII., happening to call at my Lord Surrey's,
whom he had often, by a well-timed jest, saved from the displeasure of
his royal master, and who consequently was always glad to see him, was
on this occasion ushered into the aviary, where he found my lord amusing
himself with his birds. Somers happened to admire the plumage of a

"By my lady," said Surrey, "my prince of wits, I will give it you."

Will skipped about with delight, and swore by the great Harry he was a
most noble gentleman. Away went Will with his kingfisher, telling all
his acquaintance whom he met that his friend Surrey had just presented
him with it.

Now it so happened that my Lord Northampton, who had seen this bird the
day previous, arrived at my Lord Surrey's just as Will Somers had left,
with the intention of asking it of Surrey for a present to a lady
friend. Great was his chagrin on finding the bird gone. Surrey, however,
consoled him with saying that "he knew Somers would restore it him if he
(Surrey) promised him two another day."

Away went a messenger to the prince of wits, whom he found in raptures
with his bird, and to whom he delivered his lord's message. Great was
Will's surprise, but he was not to be bamboozled by even the monarch

"Sirrah," says he, "tell your master that I am obliged for his liberal
offer of two for one, but that I prefer one bird in the hand to two in
the bush."

Hence originated this oft-repeated saying.

       *       *       *       *       *



This trick must be frequently practiced before it is produced in public.
Borrow two colored silk handkerchiefs from the company, and have three
dimes in your hand, but only show two, keeping the other one firmly
fixed against the first joint of the second and third fingers. You must
also have a fine needle and thread stuck inside the cuff of your coat.

Then take one of the handkerchiefs and put in both dimes, but pretend
that only one is in the handkerchief; then put the handkerchief into a
hat, leaving one corner hanging out. Now hold the third dime (which the
spectators imagine is the second), and ask one of the company to lay the
second handkerchief over it. You then ask him to hold the dime tight
between his finger and thumb, whilst you twist up the handkerchief.
While doing so, with both hands concealed under the handkerchief, you
pass a few stitches under the dime, and replace the needle.

This being done, spread one corner of the handkerchief over the hand of
the person who is still holding the dime, and taking hold of another
corner, tell him to drop the dime when you have counted three. At the
word "three" he lets go the dime, and you whisk the handkerchief into
the air, when the dime appears to have vanished, but is really held in
the handkerchief. You then tell the astonished individual to draw the
other handkerchief out of the hat by the corner that is hanging out. The
two dimes are heard to fall into the hat, and every one is persuaded
that you have conjured one of the dimes out of a person's hand and sent
it into the hat.


Perhaps the spectators may ask to see it again, or demand to mark the
dime. In this case, vary it as follows:

Ask some one, the most incredulous of the party, for instance, to mark a
dime of his own and give it to you. Take the same handkerchief, and give
him the dime to hold that is already inclosed in it, as in the last
trick, dropping the marked dime into the palm of your hand. Twist it up
as before, and then leave it entirely in his hands. Direct him to place
it on a table, and cover it with a basin or saucer. Ask him to give you
a cup or tumbler, and hold it under the table beneath the place where
the saucer is. Then tell him to knock three times on the saucer, and at
the third knock let the marked dime fall into the tumbler. Hand the
tumbler, and while he is examining the dime to see if it is the same one
that he marked, take up the saucer and shake out the handkerchief that
is lying under it, as in the last trick. You must then return the
handkerchief, and while you pretend to be searching for the marks draw
out the thread that held the dime, and drop the coin into the palm of
your hand, taking care to rub between your finger and thumb the spot
where the threads have been in order to eradicate the marks. This
variation seldom fails to confuse the company.

You must remember to keep talking the whole time, and always try to make
a joke, or otherwise to distract the attention of the audience, while
you are executing the necessary changes.

[Illustration: AN UNBIDDEN GUEST.]

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