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Title: Harper's Round Table, June 30, 1896
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Round Table, June 30, 1896" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

[Illustration: HARPER'S ROUND TABLE]

Copyright, 1896, by HARPER & BROTHERS. All Rights Reserved.

       *       *       *       *       *



       *       *       *       *       *




The only way to prove whether this story is true or not is to find the
Professor (who could tell you all about it) and the Quartermaster (who
claims to have been an eyewitness), and ask them; or to believe the tale
that Billy Schreiber, Jun., and his cousin, Gibson Peters, II., tell,
without any proof at all. But the two young gentlemen say they really
and truly had this adventure, and that it honestly happened on the
Fourth of July.

The Professor had rented the old Hope farm because it was the loneliest
place on Long Island; and although he had lots of business on hand, for
some reason he did not wish to be caught working at it. Perhaps he was
bashful, and did not wish anybody to see him in his shirt sleeves. At
all events, he took great precautions.

Now the way that Billy Schreiber and Gibb Peters found out that the Hope
farm (it had been deserted for years) was rented was this: They went
over there one day, and saw from Trotters Hill that the Hope barn had
been reshingled, that the house was evidently occupied, and some men
were at work building a road through the apple orchard. It was quite
half a mile away, but they could make all this out very plainly.

"What's going on?" said Gibb to Bill.

"Something on the Q. T.," was the answer, "or father would have known
about it, you can be sure of that!"

Mr. Schreiber senior was the station agent at the only railroad that
came to that part of the country, and he knew the why and wherefore of
every parcel that came into the village of Centreport. The boys looked
off to the right, and saw piles of new lumber and boxes stored near the
barn-yard, and crawling along the lower road a heavy-laden team that
kicked up no small amount of dust.

"Those things never came by rail," said Gibb.

"Perhaps they brought them in from the south shore by boat," answered
Billy, wisely. "'Tain't more 'an fifteen miles."

"Well, the easiest way to settle it," said Billy, "is to go in and ask
them what they're doing."

"Don't think they'd object, do you?" suggested Gibb.

"Of course not," Billy answered. "Let's walk right up the main road."

But they were forced by circumstances to abandon this straightforward,
fair, and aboveboard way of doing things. They had hardly turned the
bend in the road at the bottom of the hill when there, in front of them,
stretched a heavy barbed-wire fence, with the strands so close together
that no one could possibly get through it or under it. Even climbing
looked risky, and on the top of a post was the following legend, in very
black letters:

"Trespassing Forbidden. Beware! No one Allowed on this Property on any
Pretence Whatever. No Admittance."

"That kind of stops us," observed Billy to Gibb. "Say! what do you
suppose is going on in there, anyhow?"

"Counterfeiters!" exclaimed Gibb; "that's what they are. I've read about
them hiring lonely houses."

"It may be," returned his cousin. "But I've got an idea."

Now Billy Schreiber was the smartest boy in the Northport, Eastport,
Westport, and Centreport schools. He read all the newspapers that he
could lay his hands on, and, moreover, had the good fortune, of course,
to be the son of his father--who had asked so many questions in his life
that he could not help having imbibed a vast store of knowledge--and
Billy had inherited some of his father's traits.

"Yes, I've got an idea," he repeated. "They're fitting out a Cuban

Why they should be fitting out a Cuban expedition twenty miles from the
coast it might be hard to tell, but it sounded nice and adventurous. It
was full of possibilities, and the idea struck Gibb at once as being
almost worthy of "Old Sleuth, the Guessing Detective," of whose wondrous
discernment he had read in a dime novel.

"Let's make believe we are spies," said Gibb, "and find out. Don't let's
tell them in the village anything about it."

"All right," answered Billy. "Then get down on your hands and knees and
crawl through the bushes."

No sooner said than done, and the boys crept into the thicket of
scrub-oak. But the heavy fencing ran completely around the old Hope
farm, and they could get no nearer to the house than when they had first
sighted it, the distance of fully a quarter of a mile and more. They
could see, however, that there were five or six men employed about the
buildings, that three or four large wagons were drawn off to one side,
and that an object that looked like a steam threshing-machine, and yet a
little like a fire-engine, was under a sheltering tent made of canvas.

"I'll wager father could tell what that is," said Billy, pointing.

"But don't you tell him anything," said Gibb, "or you'll have half the
village up here pokin' round. My father says your father is a knowin'
feller, but he talks too much. I tell you what let's do, let's keep this
thing secret."

Now Billy and Gibb had had secrets very often during the course of their
acquaintance, but they had never succeeded in keeping them any length of
time. But on this occasion they determined to make a compact, sacred and
awful, and not to be betrayed, no matter what happened. So that night,
after every one else had gone to bed, they drew up a fearful paper in
red ink, with skulls and cross-bones, and added the pictures of an
eagle, a locomotive, and an American flag as extra decorations.

As it rained all of the next day, they staid in the house, drawing up
the plans of campaign, and were near to betraying themselves upon more
than one occasion. Gibb proposed to let his uncle into the secret, under
a bond of strict adherency to silence, but Billy, maybe because it is a
wise child that knows its own father, refused to second the motion, and
the conspirators remained two in number.

Everything was arranged for an early start on Saturday morning, in order
to make it a day of reconnoitring. But, alas! Billy, who had been
ailing, broke out with the measles. This was distressing enough; but as
the elder cousin generally led in most things, Gibb felt it incumbent
upon himself to follow suit, and three days later he wanted to wager
that he was "rasher than Billy, anyhow."

This unforeseen postponement rather reduced the intensity of their
curiosity; but when they were convalescing, after three weeks' close
confinement, it was decided they must hasten, as rumors of the goings on
at Hope farm had already reached the village, and Mr. Schreiber had
expressed his intention of harnessing up and driving out that way some
time in the near future.

"Our scheme's a goner if he gets there before we do," said William, upon
hearing this--and at last a day came when they got away.

They were a little weak in the knees, and the six-mile tramp down the
dusty road wore upon them. But at last they arrived at the barbed-wire
fence that blocked the old driveway to the farm. Apparently there was
nothing unusual going on, although a huge door had been cut in the front
of the hay-barn, and through the roof of one of the smaller buildings a
tall iron pipe extended, from which white feathery steam was spurting
regularly, showing that machinery was at work within.

Through the orchard ran a long board walk, or so it appeared to the
boys, at least. They skirted through the underbrush, seeking a place
where a brook entered the Hope property, knowing that there they could
find out something by closer observation. As they crossed a little path,
a man stepped from behind a tree directly in front of them. So intent
had been the boys on the idea that they were Spanish spies, that they
had been communicating with one another in most unintelligible
gibberish, and their first idea was that they must have betrayed
themselves. But the man, who was dressed in a very citified fashion,
appeared to be rather glad to see them.

"Halloa, boys!" he said. "Do you live here?"

They shook their heads.

"Well, do you know Professor Woerts?"

"Naw," said Gibb. "Who is he?"

The young man did not reply. "What's going on in there?" he asked. "Eh?
Go on, tell us."

But Billy had learned something by this time in the question-asking
line. "Who are you?" he put in.

"I'm a reporter for the _Evening Detector_, and have come here to find
out what Professor Woerts is doing. Of course I know something about it,
but he won't let any reporters on the premises."

It was evident that the Professor had adopted no half-way measures to
keep curious persons away, for a man on horseback, with a shot-gun
across his saddle, rode around a corner of the woods inside the fence
just at this moment. The boys were for running at once, but the young
man in the stiff Derby hat hallooed out: "Heigh there, mister! I want to
talk to you."

The man on horseback rode closer.

"What's the matter with you fellows, anyhow?" began the reporter.
"Woerts ought to know that I'm going to write a story about this,
whether I get in or not. Say! I'll give you five dollars to change
clothes with me and let me ride up to that stable--I won't steal the
horse or the house, either."

"It's agin' orders to let anybody inside here," answered the sentry,
with a drawl--"until the day," he added.

"Well, look here," went on the reporter, "tell me something. Has she had
a run yet?"

"I won't tell you nothing," the man replied, "and there's nobody ye can
see. Me and the Professor's the only folks on the premises. So go on

"You're a polite gentleman; I like you," said the reporter, kissing his
hand. "Say! I'm going back and write up a story about you all being
crazy. The whole thing's a fake; that's my opinion."

At this the man on the horse woke up. "Fake, eh?" he said. "All you
fellows will be let in at the right time. No, sir, it's a success. You
should have seen last night--"

"Should've seen what?" asked the reporter, putting his hand in his
pocket for his note-book.

"Nothing," the man answered. "Keep the other side of the fence!" He
touched his horse with the whip and rode away.

Evidently the reporter was chagrined at his lack of success, for he
inquired the direction of the nearest port and the time of the trains.

Schreiber, who was a walking time-table, gave him the necessary
information, and he strode off. The boys, however, continued their way
until they came to the brook. Sure enough, they could get under the wire
fence easily if they wished to try it.

But as they were feeling hungry, they determined to postpone further
investigations until later. Well, a week went by, and at last the night
they had settled upon arrived. It was bright moonlight, and the day had
been a very busy and a noisy one. For, as it happened long ago, the
signers of a certain important paper connected with our national history
had settled on this day to "proclaim liberty throughout the land." It
was "the Glorious Fourth!" Billy and Gibb had fired fire-crackers until
there weren't any left; had gone in swimming four times, which were
three too many; and had told their families that they were going over to
Westport in the evening to see the "celebrashun," which was not exactly
the truth. But the Hope farm was in Westport, if in any place, and
perhaps the result of their visit might be termed a celebration.

It was nearly midnight when they reached the brook, and splashed down it
until they came to the wire fence. They ducked under the lower strand,
and, soaking wet, they scrambled up the bank on the other side.

"Say! ain't this excitin'?" whispered Gibb, as they peered around the
corner of the barn, and saw that the house was still and deserted. The
moonlight made everything quite bright, and the boys saw that a track
like a railroad switch, only with double rails on each side, ran up to
the door of the barn, and extended through the orchard into the meadow a
distance of almost half a mile. It was strongly and carefully made, but
what it was used for the boys had no idea.

"If we could only get into the barn," sighed Gibb.

"Hush!" answered Billy. "Let's see if the door's open."

They sneaked out of the shadows, and found a long rope with a
cross-piece hanging within easy reach. Billy gave it a pull. There was a
creak, and the great doors opened out slowly, exposing the whole front
of the huge barn. There before them, they saw a strange object--a
flat-boat on wheels it appeared to be at first glance, with a
superstructure of tall tubes, strung and guyed with tense wires no
heavier than fiddle-strings. But that was not all. A succession of wide
flat surfaces stretched one above another. They looked like sails spread
the wrong way.

When the doors had swung open so noisily the boys looked toward the
house to see if they had been discovered, but not a sound or a stir did
they hear or see.

"Come in. Let's look at the thing," Gibb said, entering cautiously,
"What under the sun is it?"

Billy followed him, and the boys now perceived that on the deck of the
flat-boat which rested on the wheels was something that looked like the
engine of a steam-launch, but there was no boiler in sight--three round
cylinders of a shining white metal placed one above the other, and
overhead a series of complicated belts and cogs. Now four
strange-looking objects resolved themselves into four huge twisted fans
like propellers.

"Golly! I wish we had more light," muttered Gibb, as he stumbled over
something on the floor.

He half fell against the flat-boat, and it rolled a few feet along the

"Goodness! doesn't it move easy?" said Billy, giving it a shove.

Despite the apparent size and the various complications, the great thing
ran as smoothly as a bicycle. In fact, it needed but a little extra
pushing to wheel it out on the track into the air.

The sky had clouded a little, but there was enough light to see by. The
boys clambered up on the deck, as it were. As they did so Gibb put out
his hand to steady himself, and it touched something that moved. Now a
strange thing happened. There was a click, a buzzing sound, and a soft
whirring began close overhead. Slowly and surely the car began to move.
The whirring grew louder, and then with a jump the whole fabric started
off at a tremendous pace. The boys clutched two of the uprights in mad
terror. Before they knew it they were tearing through the orchard at
fifty miles an hour. In fact, it all happened so quickly that the
sensations of these first few seconds left but a vague impression.

There was a lifting trembling quiver that caused both the unwilling
passengers to hold on tighter, if possible, than before, and all at once
there was a crash that almost took out their arms. They had reached the
end of the track, but they did not stop. Oh no! As a stone skips off the
surface of a mill-pond they left the earth, with a sickening upward
swoop that almost stopped their hearts. On and on, higher and higher,
with a roaring whirring sound in their ears, and then apparently they
reached a height where for a few moments, as Billy afterwards put it,
they "kept an even keel." But it was not for long. There was a dip
forward, and down they swooped at even greater speed than they had
ascended. Gibb began to scream now, and, fell flat, with his arms about
the upright and his legs, spread out, clawing with his toes to keep
himself from slipping. Billy lost his balance too, and reaching up his
hand, caught one of the stays. Instantly there was a great rush of air,
a checking of the downward motion, and, as Gibb put it, they "scooped"
up again. Maybe the two boys had become more used to this nightmare sort
of motion by this time, for they were lying with their faces looking
over the side. Far below them they could see the dark shadow that they
knew was ground, and little twinkling lights that they knew were houses.
Some brilliant-colored fireworks burst in the air beneath them. For some
five or ten minutes they kept on a level, and for the first time found a
chance to indulge in conversation.

"Where are we going to, anyway?" shrieked Gibb, in mortal fear.

"I dun'no'," chattered Billy, with his hair on end. "Hold tight; the old
thing's goin' down again."

Sure enough, the flying-machine had taken a sort of twist off to the
eastward, and was descending every second but at such an angle that it
would be some minutes before it struck. The fans were working slower,
and the great kitelike tail behind sagged slightly. But the stretches of
silk were taut, and trembling like tight-trimmed fore-sails. They were
skimming now scarcely two hundred feet above the tops of the trees. Half
a mile away they saw the waters of the bay. The flight was becoming less
swift, and they were sinking downwards with a sliding motion, softly and
surely, but still with enough force to crush themselves to pieces should
they strike the earth. Beneath them they saw a house. Gibb was
whimpering again, and Billy also had begun to blubber.

Oh, what would they not give to awake and find that this was all a
dream! But no; here they were holding tight for their lives, and there,
below, stretched the pier where the light-house-tender always landed.
There was the steamer. Two minutes more and they would--

But here is where Quartermaster Tim Muldoon comes into the story. It was
his watch on the deck of the U.S.S. _Fern_, light-house-tender, and Tim
had returned from liberty ashore early in the evening. He was drowsy and
tired. Suddenly he was aroused by hearing a sound as if made by giant
rushing wings. He raised his head, and then fell backwards flat upon the
deck; not forty feet above him a huge thing was shooting along through
the air.

Tim closed his eyes, and called in a whisper upon the saints. He would
have screamed, but his voice apparently had left him. The first shock
over, however, he rose to his feet and rubbed his eyes. No, it was not
imagination. There was the huge thing dashing along over the surface of
the bay. Then, as Mr. Muldoon watched it, it remained stationary for a
minute, and slowly sank. Tim put his hand in his pocket and pulled
something out. There was a splash, and a big black bottle sank alongside
the pier-head. Then, with a frightened look on his face, Tim went below
and called the other watch.

Half an hour later two dripping boys appeared at the Schreiber house.
They were weak and pale, and when Mrs. Schreiber saw them they stood
there holding on to the banisters.

"Don't let's tell them a thing," whispered Billy.

"All right," said Gibb. "Let 'em think what they want to."

"You've been out on the water and upset," said Mrs. Schreiber,
emphatically. "William, I'll tell your father to-morrow morning. You'll
catch it!"

"All right, ma'am," said Billy, meekly. "I guess me and Gibb will go to

As the boys went up stairs Mrs. Schreiber heard her nephew say,

"Billy, I guess we swum half a mile."

Now on board the _Fern_ they attribute Quartermaster Muldoon's
conversion to the cause of total abstinence to the fact that one night
he saw a fish-hawk as big as a full-rigged ship come down out of the sky
and sink into the waters of Horseshoe Point, where the charts show no

Two days after the Fourth of July Mr. Schreiber drove over to the Hope
farm. He found the wire across the road had been taken down, and
apparently everything hauled away but a few odds and ends of
strange-looking timbers and a section of a wooden track.

One of the Sunday papers published, a week or so afterwards, a long
article with the following headings: "Professor Woerts's Air-Ship Runs
Away! The Professor claims that His Wonderful Invention took Flight and
disappeared of Its own Accord. Lost--A Flying-Machine. He says he will
make another!"

The other papers commented upon the story, and said, "It is a pretty
good yarn." But they all advised the Professor to "chain the shebang

Now what I have written here is what I got from the boys, and whether it
is a good yarn or not I do not know; but, as I said before, just find
the Professor and the Quartermaster; they may help you to decide.



Some of our young readers would be glad to know how to enter the United
States navy. There are two ways--one is through the Naval Academy at
Annapolis, in which the young man becomes in time a commissioned
officer; the other is through the Training-School at Newport, in which
case the young man becomes a sailor, and in time may become an officer
known officially as a warrant-officer. A commissioned officer holds an
appointment from the President, and is confirmed by the United States
Senate. A warrant-officer holds an acting appointment from the Navy
Department, and after having served six months on a sea-going vessel,
and his commanding officer having made a favorable report as to his
fitness to remain an officer in the navy, he is then given a warrant
signed by the President, and dated back to the time he received his
acting appointment. Warrant-officers are designated gunners,
boat-swains, and carpenters, and are officers as much as any other
officers in the navy, except that they may not hold commissions.

The history of the United States navy has been particularly glorious. It
has traditions of heroism and bravery that are a constant source of
pride to those in the service, and that appeal especially to young men
who are fond of their country and of achievements in warfare. To become
an officer in the service is a most honorable ambition, and one to which
thousands of young men aspire. It is for that reason that appointments
to Annapolis are always sought eagerly. Each Congressional district is
entitled to one cadet at Annapolis at one time, and in addition the
President has ten appointments at large. There can be, however, only ten
appointees of the President, serving apprenticeship at the same time.
The District of Columbia likewise sends one cadet to the Academy. The
President usually appoints the sons of naval or army officers.

The Congressmen or delegates to Congress from the Territories recommend
the appointment of the other cadets. To avoid favoritism the Congressmen
occasionally recommend young men who have passed the best examination in
a competition, of which there has been public notice given.
Congressmen's appointees must reside in the district from which they are
appointed, and all appointees must be between the ages of fifteen and

When a young man receives his appointment to Annapolis he is required to
sign articles binding himself to eight years' service. He must pass an
examination in the ordinary English branches, special attention being
paid to the history of the United States. He must be sound physically,
or his "alternate," the young man who usually passes the next best
preliminary examination, takes his place as the cadet, provided the
latter is sound physically, and can also pass the entrance examination
to the Academy. When a young man becomes a cadet he gets $500 salary
each year. The course of study lasts six years. Four of these are passed
at the Academy, and two at sea. One of these is the "line" division, and
the other is the "staff" division. The line-men are the officers who do
the fighting, navigating, and executive work of a ship, and the others
become officers who have charge of the machinery of a ship, and are
known as engineers. The line division is the favorite, because young men
rise to the highest grade, such as rear-admiral, in this branch of the
service. The other men become engineers, and cannot reach any grade
higher than that of commodore.

After two years' service at sea, during which the young man perfects
himself in the problems of seamanship, the cadets receive appointments
as commissioned officers, if there are vacancies. If there are not
sufficient vacancies to go around, the best men are taken, and the
others are discharged, with a certificate of graduation and one year's
pay--$1000. We are building and manning ships so fast in these days of
the new navy that there are always enough vacancies, and it is rare that
any cadets are discharged because there is no room for them in the
service. After having become a commissioned officer in the staff or
line, the young officer is promoted gradually from grade to grade,
usually according to relative rank, except in time of war, when, for
especial reasons, the brighter men are pushed forward because of their
exceptional fitness for command or other important work. The officers
remain in the service until they are sixty-two years old, unless they
resign before that time, and then are retired under three-quarter pay
until they die.

The scarcity of men who go into the engineering department of the navy
is such that there is a bill now pending in Congress to admit graduates
of colleges where marine and mechanical engineering is taught to enter
the navy without passing through the Annapolis Academy. They must pass
an examination to show that they are fit for the engineering work, and
must spend two years at sea, like the graduates of Annapolis. If this
bill should become a law, it will be possible for young men to become
officers in the engineer corps in the navy without going through the
Annapolis Academy.


When a boy wishes to become a sailor in the navy he applies to one of
the three "receiving" ships. They are the _Vermont_ at the New York
Navy-Yard, the _Wabash_ at the Boston Yard, and the _Richmond_ at the
League Island Navy-Yard in Philadelphia. The boys must be between
fourteen and sixteen years of age, sound in health, and be able to read
and write to some extent. No distinction is made in race, and it is a
singular fact that the colored boys who apply are almost invariably able
to read and write better than the white boys. On board the _Vermont_ the
only reading test applied is contained on a card, which is as follows:

"'Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States in Congress assembled, that fraudulent enlistment and the receipt
of any pay or allowance thereunder is hereby declared an offence against
naval discipline, and made punishable by general court martial.'

"What I have just read to you is a law of the United States, and it
means that if you do not tell the truth about your age, parents, or
guardian, or if you are a deserter from the naval or military service,
you may be tried by a court martial, be put in prison, or punished in
some way."


The last paragraph of this is what boys are usually required to read.
The officers are not very strict about the hard words, and so almost any
boy can pass the test. After being admitted, Uncle Sam gives each boy an
outfit. His parents or guardian must sign a paper giving him to the
government until he is twenty-one years of age. He becomes known at once
as a third-grade apprentice, and in a few days he is sent to a
training-school at Newport, where he is taught rudimentary things about
a sailor's life and work. After remaining at Newport for six months he
is transferred to one of two training-ships. These are the _Essex_ and
the _Alliance_. He remains on one of these for six months, and takes a
cruise. On the voyage he learns how to handle the sails, how to sew and
splice, and how to handle guns. Innumerable other things about a
sailor's life he also picks up, and when he returns he is transferred to
a modern man-o'-war, where he becomes an apprentice of the second class.
Here he takes his place with the regular crew, and has his allotted
share of the daily routine to perform. He is examined every three
months, and usually he becomes an apprentice of the first class in six
months, when he has a rank which corresponds to the rank of seaman with

When a boy becomes twenty-one he may leave the service, or enlist again,
and be independent of parents or guardian. There are three grades of
enlisted men in the navy--landsmen, ordinary seamen, and seamen. Besides
these the following are enlisted: machinists, masters-at-arms, and
coal-heavers, and from these classes there are other special classes.
The boy who enlists after he has served his apprenticeship usually goes
into the highest grade--that of seaman. After a while he may be promoted
to be a warrant-officer, and so reach the highest grade.

When a man enters the navy he enters one of the three grades--landsman,
ordinary seaman, or seaman. If he has had no experience whatever on
shipboard he becomes a landsman, and practically is taught all he knows
on shipboard. If he has had some experience on ships, but is not expert
in all branches of his work, he becomes an ordinary seaman. If he has
served five years at sea and is intelligent, he usually goes to the
grade of seaman. Such men are competent to "reef, hand, and steer," as
the expression goes; that is, they are competent to do all the work
required of a sailor without further instruction. As fast as their terms
expire men and boys may re-enlist, and at each re-enlistment they
receive a slight increase of pay.

As third-class apprentices the boys get $9 per month; when they become
second-class apprentices they get $15 a month, and when they become
first-class apprentices they get $21 a month. If they re-enlist after
they are twenty-one they get three months' extra pay at the rating they
had when they became of age, and, in addition, get one dollar a month
more pay than they received as apprentices.

There are other ways for men to get into the navy than those I have
mentioned, but these are what might be called special enlistments. For
example, a man may enlist as a fireman. There are two grades of these,
according to skill and experience. Then there are machinists, who must
pass an examination, and stewards, carpenters, musicians, and the like.
These special grades require skilled labor to some extent, and of course
higher pay goes with their work.

It is imperative when a boy enters the service that his parents or
guardian shall sign papers giving him to the government until he is
twenty-one. When a boy applies who has no parents or duly qualified
guardian the officials supply him with a guardian. They do this through
the generosity of a lawyer in New York, named Herbert Van Dyke. He
becomes their guardian, and all such boys are known as "Van Dyke"
boys--a discrimination which from the name should of itself be quite
aristocratic. Mr. Van Dyke has become the guardian of probably 1500 boys
since he has been in this kind of work. He does it entirely from motives
of philanthropy, and there is no doubt that he is a public benefactor.
Many a boy has been started in an honorable career in the navy through
his kindness and generosity. He performs a most welcome service not only
to the boys, but to his country as well. He does this so quietly that
almost nothing is heard of him, and it is simply a matter of justice
that credit should be given to him.

It is a mistake to think that there is room in the navy for "bad boys,"
that is, boys who are unmanageable at home or have done some crime.
There is a popular idea that when a boy becomes utterly bad, and fit
only for the reform school, his parents may get rid of him, and hope at
the same time to make a man of him, by getting him into the navy. No
such boys are taken if the officials know of it. The uniform of the
United States is honorable, and only honorable persons are expected to
wear it. No others are wanted. When the officials find out that a boy
has a bad record morally, he is rejected forthwith. Even with the
applicants who are fit morally to wear the uniform, only about
one-quarter are taken, but no one is rejected so quickly as a boy who
ought to go to a reform school rather than into the navy, even though he
may be able to pass the mental and physical examination with ease. There
is no law to prevent the enlistment of aliens in the United States navy,
but it is a singular fact that so popular has this branch of the public
service become in recent times that for the last two years practically
none but Americans have entered it.

The truth of the old saying "that it is sweet to die for one's country"
shows itself in the spirit which animates most of those who compose the
navy of the United States to-day, whether they are officers or sailors.
A notable instance of this was seen during the recent civil war in
Brazil. The rebels at Rio Janeiro blockaded the port, and would not
allow our merchant ships to go into the harbor. Admiral Benham, in
command of our squadron, notified the ships of the rebels that he
intended to take our merchant-men into the harbor, and that if they were
interfered with he should fire on the rebel fleet. Our war-ships were
cleared for action, and every man waited a single word before he plunged
into a fight that must have meant death to many of them. One of the
spectators of that scene has declared that he never saw a more
inspiriting sight than the way our sailors, probably not a dozen of whom
had ever had experience in war, responded to the call of duty. To a man
they were ready to die for one's country if necessary. Surely, if it is
sweet to die for one's country, it is honorable at all times to wear the
uniform of that country, and that doubtless explains why our naval
service is so popular nowadays, and is composed chiefly of native-born

In order to induce good men to return to the service, there is a law of
Congress which gives to every man on re-enlisting three months' pay of
the grade that he held at the time of his discharge, providing he
enlists within three months from the date of his discharge. Then the
regulations of the department, as another inducement for men, give a
continuous-service certificate to all men receiving honorable
discharges, which certificate entitles a man at every re-enlistment to
one dollar's additional pay.



I bought a gimlet with a metal handle for five cents, and it turned out
to be a good tool. Five cents seemed cheap for a gimlet. Then I read
that when manufacturers turned out gimlets in large quantities they
could afford to sell them for less than a cent apiece. I happened to
remember how a friend of mine showed me, some years ago, a handsome
otter-skin pouch neatly ornamented, and told me that when he was in
Alaska he had given an Indian a gimlet for it.

"That was a hard trade for the Indian," I said, "for that skin is worth
twenty-five dollars."

"I did not take any advantage of the Indian," was my friend's answer.
"The man was perfectly satisfied with the barter. A week afterwards I
would have given the skin back, and more besides, to have had a gimlet.
Skins were plenty in Alaska, gimlets scarce. The real cost of a thing
often depends on how much you need it--and that is called the demand;
and to something else--the distance from the place where the thing is
made. You see, the subject of transportation comes in there, which has
to do with supply."

When I thought it over I came to the conclusion that my friend had not
got the better of the Indian, and that it was a fair swop.

I have the credit with my own children of being a very poor tinkerer,
with a reputation for breaking tools; and I wanted a gimlet, and did not
have one, when, strangely enough, the United States National Museum at
Washington sent me one, not to use, but to look at, and here is an exact
outline of it:


It is a splinter of flint made by primitive man, and he used it to bore
holes in wood or as an awl for piercing skins. It came from Boone
County, Missouri. It is immensely old, so old that its date, or when it
was made, can only be guessed. The antiquity of it in a general way can
be insisted upon, because it is what is called "weathered," and by
weathered this is meant: that the piece of flint has been so long
exposed to the action of the air and moisture that the composition of
the flint has altered. If you were to take a piece of freshly splintered
flint and put it in a hole in the ground when you were ten years old,
and waited until you were seventy, and then dug it up, the alteration on
the outside would be but slight. You might, of course, put it in wet
ground where the water was full of lime in solution, and more rapid
changes would take place. Anyhow, you would not be likely in a lifetime
to see much alteration in the character of your flint. If your
great-great-great-grandfather had buried that flint, and you had found
it, the changes would have been more evident. Now this gimlet, or borer,
is of a white creamy color, and you cannot see that it resembles flint.
I could not bore a hole with it, because it would be certain to break.

If I were to guess how old it is I should say, "Fifteen hundred years
ago that borer was in use," and then I might not give it age enough. It
is a very old-fashioned gimlet, and since we can make gimlets to-day for
less than a cent apiece, I wonder what this flint one was worth fifteen
or twenty thousand years ago?

You might never have thought about it, but the hardest thing to do
to-day is to find out exactly what a thing costs. There are, however,
certain things that you do know--the cost of the raw material, and the
price of labor. When the gimlet-maker in New England made up the price
of his wares by the millions, he had to count up a hundred or more
different kinds of expenses before he could settle down to what was
about the exact cost of a gimlet.

We cannot apply the same rules exactly to this flint tool. In 1896 you
can buy iron or steel everywhere. Flint may seem to you to-day as of no
great value, because there is so little demand for it, but in the early
history of man it was a substance highly prized. It is not scattered
about everywhere. Primitive man made long journeys in order to obtain
it. He wanted it badly, not only for his tools, but for the purpose of
making a fire. He knew that by striking it with a bit of metal or with
certain natural metallic substances he could bring forth sparks. There
are often found in the graves of men whose race or tribe or origin is
lost bits of flint with fragments of pyrites; and pyrites is a natural
combination of sulphur and iron. When you strike them together there is
a spark. What is strange about these finds is this, that in the
surrounding country there is not to be found a bit of flint or a scrap
of pyrites. Primitive man must have set out to find them, or they came
to him by barter. I should then think that if we could measure the
values of tools in the past with those of to-day, such implements as
early man had were expensive, and worth comparatively more to him than
our tools are to us. It is, however, a puzzle. Labor must have been
cheap, because savage people take little account of time. To-day we know
how these flint tools or weapons are made, and coarser ones can be
fashioned by us in a short time. There must have been developed,
however, great skill in the long past, and for this simple reason: The
flint tools broke so easily that there was always a demand for new
tools, and so the old gimlet business must have been always brisk.


Another illustration is a scraper, and belongs also to the United States
National Museum. It served for dressing skins, in removing the hair and
grease, before the rough process of tanning. These stone scrapers are
found of all sizes, and as implements might have served for a variety of
purposes. This bit of flint is as old as the gimlet or borer, being
white with age.

[Illustration: THE CHISEL.]

Here is a chisel, or gouge, and, compared with the other tools, this may
be called an implement made the day before yesterday. Those who have
studied this kind of tool, found in the Swiss lakes, say it is not more
than 2500 or 3000 years old. Ages on ages ago there was a race of people
who lived in houses built on piles which stood in the water of the Swiss
lakes. Nobody ever thought such a race existed until the level of one of
the lakes was lowered, and then the secrets of a long-forgotten people
were discovered. This tool is made of a piece of green serpentine
embedded in a handle, which socket is a portion of the antler of a deer.
It has still a good edge on it, though it has remained under water
thousands of years. I might scrape off a bit of wood with it to-day. The
handle, however, is weak, rotten through age, and would crumble.

This is what I should like to impress on my readers: Our work to-day is
what is called specialized. By that is meant that everybody has a
special or particular trade or occupation. I should not want a carpenter
to make my clothes, or a locksmith to make my boots. Men become skilled
because they exercise one craft, doing it quicker and better. In those
old days there must have been artisans, as the stone tool maker, who
made blunt implements, and nothing else; but from the nature of things
those who used the tools had many occupations. Having but few tools, one
implement served various purposes. The edge of the drill might be used
to cut with, or, attached to a stock, could be converted into a weapon.
Primitive man, then, had to be a "Jack of all trades," and was not, as
in the old adage, "master of none," for he was forced to turn his hand
to many different kinds of occupations.


  With pomp of waving banners,
    With beat of throbbing drums,
  And shouts of happy people,
    The joyous morning comes;
  The very air is thrilling,
    And every heart is gay,
  For once again we welcome
    Our Independence day.

  'Twas a very little nation
    That set apart "the Fourth";
  'Tis a nation strong and mighty
    Which keeps it, South and North.
  Our flag of stars is floating
    From surging sea to sea,
  And beneath its folds we gather,
    A people great and free.

  Not the older Magna Charta
    Was a pledge of braver hearts
  Than the later Declaration
    From which this proud day starts.
  Stout souls they were that framed it,
    Stout hands that signed and sealed,
  And the birthright thus they gave us
    We never more will yield.

  So to gallant martial music
    We are stepping down the street,
  With the shrilling bugles calling,
    And the drum's exulting beat,
  While from every spire and steeple
    There flutters, blithe and gay,
  The flag we love and honor
    This Independence day.





"Tell you what, fellows, I mean to have a rousing good time this Fourth of
July, and no mistake. I'm tired of just torpedoes, crackers, and
cannons. What do you say to joining me?"

"Joining you, Alec? Of course we will," was the hearty response given by
Sam Thayer, with a hurried look at each of the boys, as if to make
doubly sure of their assent; and a second afterwards they all shouted,
as if they had practised in concert, "You can make sure of me"; while a
later voice added, with a face full of mischief, and a sly wink to the
boy at his left, "Catch any of us missing Alec's fun"; and then, turning
towards Alec, he asked, "Do you remember last Fourth how we scared cats
with torpedoes until, notwithstanding their nine lives, I think some of
them gave up the ghost? And do you remember, too, how we watched out for
policemen before touching off our crackers? Whew!"

"Oh, that was the time," Alec laughingly responded, "when, to quote from
my recitation to-morrow,

          "'The boys turned out
          With noise and rout,
          And loud halloo, and lusty shout,
  And racket of crackers, and boom, and pop,
    And ringing of bells, and sizz, and splutter,
  Till good folks trying to sleep would stop,
    And get up, and close the windows and shutter.'

"But this time I propose something quite different."


The group numbered fifteen. They had been taking a spin on their
bicycles, and now had stopped to rest, to lay plans for the coming
Fourth, and also to get comfortably cool under the long branches of this
welcome grove of maple-trees.

Alec was undoubtedly the ringleader, but Sam Thayer, John Sinclair, and
Clarence Bruce were his right-hand men, so whenever an unusually big
scheme was on foot Alec always bided his time until being sure of their

"Hurrah for Alec!" suddenly ejaculated John Sinclair, tossing his cap
ten feet or more upward; and a tremendous whoop, followed by three times
three cheers and a tiger; but Sam Thayer, not yet satisfied with the
stir already made, thought he would continue, and picked up a stick and
tin pan lying on the road, and, making believe he was a drummer-boy,
banged away with all his might, rat-ta-tat-tat, rat-ta-tat-tat--and
marching to his left and so around, he speedily made a circle which
enclosed the group.

"Thayer is anticipating part of my programme, boys." These words were
sufficient, for in a trice the stick and pan were thrown as far as Sam's
strong arms could pitch them, while Sam, first having turned a
summersault, threw himself on the soft grass, thus joining the other
expectant listeners.

"What would you think of a battle, fellows?"

"Fine!" And the very suggestion threw the little group in such disorder
and hubbub that Alec laughingly but decidedly called "Order," adding,
"The time is rapidly passing, and if we are to go to war we must
prepare. You are sure you will not fail me, boys?"

"Certain sure." And once again quiet was restored.

"My plan is very simple. It is to divide ourselves into two armies. One
army will represent the British, the other the United States. Make
believe that Congress has commanded us to fortify the farm that belongs
to my father. You know the location?"


"Suppose we name the place Lexington. You each know that it was at
Lexington, Massachusetts, that the first skirmish in the War of American
Independence was fought.

"Well, the United States army must occupy the farm, and the British
force must attack it; and, of course, the United States army must win.

"The British will simply respect the action of the Revolutionary period
at the time of the surrender of Lord Cornwallis--they will run away, but
not, like the boy in the story-book, 'come to fight another day.' In
order to make it really jolly, though, we should enlist fifty boys, and
more if possible, and, to make it a fair fight, divide them evenly.

"You'll have to be General-in-chief of the whole, Alec," interrupted one
of the listeners.

"All right; as you have decided to adopt my plan, I cannot do otherwise
than accept such a position. I'm bound on having a good time, and if
you'll honestly join me, we'll have one.


"Now, by right of office, and to get the thing started, I appoint as
head of the British army Clarence Bruce, and as head of the army of the
United States Samuel Thayer. As General-in-chief of both armies I would
further state that the said officers must secure the requisite number of
men, and see that they are provided with suitable uniforms and flags. In
order not to make ourselves a nuisance to our mothers and big sisters,
adopt as uniform our very oldest clothing; then we'll not have any
advice or fuss as to care. We can show our colors by means of flags,
banners, and a short scarf of bunting tied around our left arms: or
what's the matter with basting a narrow strip of bunting around our
jackets or on the outside seams of our trousers? Everybody must be
provided with a wooden gun, as neither balls, cartridges, nor shot of
any sort will be allowed. But both officers and privates may use large
fire-crackers, any amount of torpedoes, and cannon, for war is not
altogether fun; and the soldiers on both sides must show pluck. My plan
of battle would be the following, but the officers in charge must
arrange for themselves: Commence hostilities at nine o'clock Fourth of
July morning, thus enabling our parents and friends to watch, at which
time half of the United States army will be hidden back of the rocks
which skirt the southeast side of the farm, and most of the others will
be in the old barn that my father has been trying to tear down for the
last two years. A sentinel should pass to and fro before the barn, and
back of him other men should occasionally appear. The onslaught should
be made by the British throwing handfuls of torpedoes against the rocks;
but on the same rocks the United States army will have previously placed
cannon, which, at a few moments after nine, will go off with a
tremendous bang. The British will continue the hurling of the torpedoes
until they are satisfied that all of the United States men are about the
barn, and then they will recklessly march directly on the forbidden
territory. At this moment the hidden soldiers will jump to their feet,
and those at the barn will come to assist them. Thus action will
determinedly commence. The English, being surprised, will soon be
surrounded, and a fierce battle will ensue. The United States soldiers
are now firing, and it seems a veritable blinding hailstorm, so thick
and fast the white torpedo shells shower down, and the noise from the
occasional fire-cracker not only increases confusion, but creates
dismay. In the excitement the English make a mad rush for the barn; but
that action has been anticipated--indeed, so much so that one of the
privates had staid behind with the express purpose of firing it. And
what a magnificent conflagration it will make, fellows, for we must
carefully prepare it with a coating of tar and long wisps of tarred

"When the barn is fired the battle will end, for there will be nothing
left for the British to do but to surrender. Those who will not
willingly give up their guns will drop them in the chase, for the United
States Soldiers will be after them sure and fast, and all their banners
and flags will be exhibited as trophies."

When Alec concluded, the boys drew a long breath, and then all tongues
were loosed, and each one seemed to talk faster and louder than the
other in his desire for a hearing, all agreeing, however, that the
battle would be "jolly fun," and it was "like Alec" to get ahead of them
in planning such grand sport. But what would be done with the rest of
the day? This amusement would be but a starter; not a moment must be
left for idleness.

And so it was another of the boys that was heard. He had lately been
reading, he explained, the story of Mary, the mother of Washington, and
he suggested that something should be done in her honor. That so much
was always said about General George Washington, the Declaration of
Independence, and all that, and he had made up his mind for one that
George Washington would have been nowhere without his mother, and that
she should be celebrated.

This resulted in tremendous applause, and the calling out of, "Only
listen to Mr. Wisdom."

For a second the boy was abashed; but suddenly regaining himself, he
added, "I've explained I have only but just finished reading about her,
and the book told me of General Lafayette's visit and of the impression
she gave him; for on reporting the interview to his friends, he stated,
'I have seen the only Roman matron living at this day!' and it is also
said of her that the cause of American Independence had no more
steadfast adherent."

So, after a short discussion, the boys decided to follow the battle with
a procession, in which every one would be invited to join, even the
visitors, whether friends or strangers; these should follow either four
or six abreast, as their number would allow. That the boys who had
represented the English army should make the necessary change in attire,
and march as the United States navy, while the other boys would march as
the army. There should be a detachment of cavalry--for a few riders
ought to be found somewhere--a battalion of volunteers and several
companies of infantry, all followed by the Marine Band.

A banner should lead the procession, bearing the inscription, "In honor
of Mary Washington," and the Star-spangled Banner should triumphantly
wave throughout the entire line.

One of the younger boys was noticeably uneasy, and in reply to the
question, "Don't you want the procession?" said:

"Oh yes! but the battle's far jollier. I like the smell and bang of
gunpowder, and I've been studying a receipt for a powerful noise."

"What's that--a good receipt for a noise?" and the next instant the boy
was surrounded by his fellows.

"Yes, simple enough too--nothing but chlorate of potash and sulphur
mixed; you should put several pieces of paper around it, though, and
hammer it down as heavy as you can."

Just then was heard a sharp whistle, and Alec, with a jump on his wheel,
called, "Good-by, all; it's time for me to start home." And a minute
later those who were watching saw a bicycle-race along the road.




Next morning, as usual, George was up and on horseback by sunrise. Until
this year he had ridden five miles a day each way to Mr. Hobby's school;
but now he was so far ahead of the schoolmaster's classes that he went
only a few times a week, to study surveying and the higher mathematics,
and to have the week's study at home marked out for him. Every morning,
however, it was his duty to ride over the whole plantation before
breakfast, and to report the condition of everything in it to his
mother. Madam Washington was one of the best farmers in the colony, and
it was her custom, after hearing George's account at breakfast, to mount
her horse and ride over the place also, and give her orders for the day.

The first long lances of light were just tipping the woods and the river
when George came out, and found his horse held by Billy Lee, a negro lad
of about his own age, who was his body-servant and shadow.[1] Billy was
a chocolate-colored youth, the son of Aunt Sukey, the cook, and Uncle
Jasper, the butler. He had but one idea and one ideal on earth, and that
was "Marse George." It was in vain that Madam Washington, the strictest
of disciplinarians, might lay her commands on Billy. Until he had found
out what "Marse George" wanted him to do, Billy seemed unconscious of
having got any orders. Madam Washington, who could awe much older and
wiser persons than Billy, had often sent for the boy, when he was
regularly taken into the house, and after reasoning with him, kindly
explaining to him that both "Marse George" and himself were merely boys,
and under her authority, would give him a stern reproof, which Billy
always received in an abstracted silence, as if he had not heard a word
that was said to him. Finding that he acted throughout as if he had not
heard, Madam Washington turned him over to Aunt Sukey, who, after the
fashion of those days with white boys as well as with black, gave him a
smart birching. Billy's roars were like the trumpeting of an elephant;
but within a week he went back to his old way of forgetting there was
anybody in the world except "Marse George." Then Madam Washington turned
him over to Uncle Jasper, who "lay" that he would "meck dat little
triflin' nigger min' missis." A second and much more vigorous birching
followed at the hands of Uncle Jasper, who triumphed over Aunt Sukey
when Billy for two days actually seemed to realize that he had something
else to do besides following George about and never taking his eyes off
him. Uncle Jasper's victory was short-lived, though. Within a week Billy
was as good for nothing as ever, except to George. Madam Washington then
saw that it was not a case of discipline--that the boy was simply
dominated by his devotion to George, and could neither be forced nor
reasoned out of it. Therefore it was arranged that the care of the young
master's horse and everything pertaining to him should be confided to
Billy, who would work all day with the utmost willingness for "Marse
George." By this means Billy was made of use. Nobody touched George's
clothes or books or belongings except Billy. He scrubbed and then
dry-rubbed the door of his young master's room, scoured the windows, cut
the wood and made the fires, attended to his horse, and when George was
there personally to direct him Billy would do whatever work he was
ordered. But the instant he was left to himself he returned to idleness,
or to some perfectly useless work for his young master--polishing up
windows that were already bright, dry-rubbing a floor that shone like a
mirror, or brushing George's clothes, which were quite spotless. His
young master loved him with the strong affection that commonly existed
between the masters and the body-servants in those days.

[1] In Washington's will he mentions "my man William, calling himself
William Lee," and gives him his freedom, along with the other slaves,
and an annuity besides: "and this I give him as a testimony of my sense
of his attachment to me, and for his faithful services during the
Revolutionary war."

Like Madam Washington, George was a natural disciplinarian, and himself
capable of great labor of mind and body, he exacted work from everybody.
But Billy was an exception to this rule. It is not in the human heart to
be altogether without weaknesses, and Billy was George's weakness. When
his mother would declare the boy to be the idlest servant about the
place, George could not deny it; but he always left the room when there
were any animadversions on his favorite, and could never be brought to
acknowledge that Billy was not a much-injured boy. Serene in the
consciousness that "Marse George" would stand by him, Billy troubled
himself not at all about Madam Washington's occasional cutting remarks
as to his uselessness, nor his father's and mother's more outspoken
complaints that he "warn't no good 'scusin' 'twas to walk arter Marse
George, proud as a peacock ef he kin git a ole jacket or a p'yar o'
Marse George's breeches fur ter go struttin' roun' in." Aunt Sukey was
very pious, and Uncle Jasper was a preacher, and held forth Sunday
nights, in a disused corn-house on the place, to a large congregation of
negroes from the neighboring places. But Billy showed no fondness
whatever for these meetings, preferring to go to the Established Church
with his young master every Sunday, sitting in a corner of the gallery,
and going to sleep with much comfort and regularity as soon as he got
there. Madam Washington always exacted of every one who went to church
from her house that he or she should repeat the clergyman's text on
coming home, and Billy was no exception to the rule. On Sunday,
therefore, instead of joining the gay procession of youths and young
men, all handsomely mounted, who rode along the highway after church,
George devoted his time on his way home to teaching Billy the text. The
boy always repeated it very glibly when Madam Washington demanded it of
him, and thereby won her favor, for a short time, once a week.

On this particular morning, as George took the reins from Billy and
jumped on the back of his sorrel colt, and galloped down the lane
towards the fodder-field, Billy, who was keen enough where his young
master was concerned, saw that he was preoccupied. Contrary to custom,
he would not take his dog Rattler with him, and Billy, dragging the
whining dog by the neck, hauled him back into the house and up into
George's room, where the two proceeded to lay themselves down before the
fire and go to sleep. An hour later the indignant Aunt Sukey found them,
and but for George's return just then it would have gone hard with Billy

As George galloped briskly along in the crisp October morning he felt
within him the full exhilaration of youth and health and hope. He had
not been able to sleep all night for thinking of that promised visit to
Greenway Court. He had heard of it--a strange combination of
hunting-lodge and country-seat in the mountains, where Lord Fairfax
lived, surrounded by dependents, like a feudal baron. George had never
in his life been a hundred miles away from home. He had been over to
Mount Vernon since his brother Laurence's marriage, and the visit had
charmed him so that his ever-prudent mother had feared that the simpler
and plainer life at Ferry Farm would be distasteful to him; for Mount
Vernon was a fine, roomy country-house, where Laurence Washington and
his handsome young wife, both rich, dispensed a splendid hospitality.
There was a great stable full of saddle-horses and coach-horses, a
retinue of servants, and a continual round of entertaining going on.
Laurence Washington had only lately retired from the British army, and
his house was the favorite resort for the officers of the British
war-ships, that often came up the Potomac, as well as the officers of
the military post at Alexandria. Although he enjoyed this gay and
interesting life at Mount Vernon, George had left it without having his
head turned, and came back quite willingly to the sober and industrious
regularity of the home at Ferry Farm. He was the favorite over all his
brothers with Laurence Washington and his wife, and it was a
well-understood fact that, if they died without children, George was to
inherit the splendid estate of Mount Vernon. Madam Washington had been a
kind step-mother to Laurence Washington, and he repaid it by his
affection for his half-brothers and young sister. In those days, when
the eldest son was the heir, it seemed quite natural that George, as
next eldest, should have preference, and should be the next person of
consequence in the family to his brother Laurence.

He spent an hour riding over the place, seeing that the fodder had been
properly stripped from the stalks in a field, looking after the
ferry-boats, giving an eye to the feeding of the stock and a sharp
investigation of the stables, and returned to the house by seven
o'clock. Precisely at seven o'clock every morning all the children,
servants, and whatever guests there were in the house, assembled in the
sitting-room, where prayers were read. In his father's time the master
of the house had read these prayers, and after his death Laurence, as
the head of the family, had taken up this duty; but since his marriage
and removal to Mount Vernon it had fallen upon George.

When he entered the room he found his mother waiting for him as usual,
with little Mistress Betty and the three younger boys. The servants,
including Billy, who had already been reported by Aunt Sukey, were
standing around the wall. After an affectionate good-morning to his
mother, George, with dignity and reverence, read the family prayers in
the Book of Common Prayer. His mother was as calm and as collected as
usual, but in the small velvet bag she carried over her arm lay an
important letter, received between the time that George left the house
in the morning and his return. Prayers over, breakfast was served,
George sitting in his father's place at the head of the table, and Madam
Washington talking calmly over every-day matters.

"I do not know what we are to do with that boy Billy," she said. "This
morning, when he ought to have been picking up chips for the kitchen, he
was lying in front of your fireplace with Rattler, both of them sound

George, instead of being scandalized at this, only smiled a little.

"I do not know which is the more useless," exclaimed Madam Washington,
with energy, "the dog or that boy."

George ceased smiling at this; he did not like to have Billy too
severely commented on, and deftly turned the conversation: "Lord Fairfax
again asked me, when we were crossing the river last night, to visit him
at Greenway Court. I should like very much to go, mother. I believe I
would rather go even than to spend Christmas at Mount Vernon, for I have
been to Mount Vernon, but I have never been to Greenway, or to any place
like it."

"The Earl sent me a letter this morning on the subject before he left
Fredericksburg," replied Madam Washington, quietly.

The blood flew into George's face, but he spoke no word. His mother was
a person who did not like to be questioned.

"You may read it," she continued, handing it to him out of her bag.

It was sealed with the huge crest of the Fairfaxes, and was written in
the beautiful penmanship of the period. It began:

     "HONORED MADAM,--The promise you graciously made me, that your
     eldest son, Mr. George Washington, might visit me at Greenway
     Court, gave me both pride and pleasure; and will you not add to
     that pride and pleasure by permitting him to return with me when I
     pass through Fredericksburg again on my way home two days hence? Do
     not, honored madam, think that I am proposing that your son spend
     his whole time with me in sport and pleasure. While both have their
     place in the education of the young, I conceive, honored madam,
     that your son has more serious business in hand--namely, the
     improvement of his mind, and the acquiring of those noble qualities
     and graces which distinguish the gentleman from the lout.

      "He would have at Greenway, at least, the advantage of the best
      minds in England, as far as they can be writ in books, and for
      myself, honored madam, I will be as kind to him as the tenderest
      father. If you can recall with any pleasure the days, so long ago,
      when we were both twenty years younger, and when your friendship,
      honored madam, was the chief pleasure, as it always will be the
      chief honor, of my life, I beg that you will not refuse my
      request. I am, madam, with sentiments of the highest esteem,

  "Your obedient humble servant, FAIRFAX."

"Have you thought it over, mother?"

"Yes, my son; but, as you know, I am a person of deliberation; I will
think it over yet more."

"I will give up Christmas at Mount Vernon, mother, if you will let me

"I have already promised your brother that you shall spend Christmas
with him, and I cannot recall my word."

George said no more. He got up, and bowing respectfully to his mother,
went out. He had that morning more than his usual number of tasks to do;
but all day long he was in a dream. For all his steadiness and
willingness to lead a quiet life with his mother and the younger
children at Ferry Farm, he was by nature adventurous, and for more than
a year he had chafed inwardly at the narrow and uneventful existence
which he led. He had early announced that he wished to serve either in
the army or in the navy, but, like all people, young or old, who have
strong determination, he bided his time quietly, doing meanwhile what
came to hand. He had been every whit as much fascinated with Lord
Fairfax as the elder man had been with him; and the prospect of a visit
to Greenway--of listening to his talk of the great men he had known; of
seeing the mountains for the first time in his life, and of hunting and
sporting in their wilds; of taking lessons in fencing from old Lance; of
looking over Lord Fairfax's books--was altogether enchanting. He had a
keen taste for social life, and his Christmas at Mount Vernon, with all
its gayety and company, had been the happiest two weeks of his life.
Suppose his mother should agree to let him go to Greenway with the Earl
and then come back by way of Mount Vernon? Such a prospect seemed almost
too dazzling. He brought his horse down to a walk along the cart-road
through the woods he was traversing while he contemplated this
delightful vision; and then, suddenly coming out of his day-dream, he
pulled himself together, and striking into a sharp gallop, tried to
dismiss the subject from his mind. This he could not do, but he could
exert himself so that no one would guess what was going on in his mind,
and in this he was successful.

Two o'clock was the dinner-hour at Ferry Farm, and a few minutes before
that time George walked up from the stables to the house. Little Betty
was on the watch, and ran down to the gate to meet him. Their mother,
looking out of the window, saw them coming across the lawn, arm in arm,
Betty chattering like a magpie, and George smiling as he listened. They
were two of the handsomest and healthiest and brightest-eyed young
creatures that could be imagined, and Madam Washington's heart glowed
with a pride which she believed sinful, and strove unavailingly to

At dinner Madam Washington and George and Betty talked, the three
younger boys being made to observe silence, after the fashion of the
day. Neither Madam Washington nor George brought up the subject of the
Earl's visit, although it was a tremendous event in their quiet lives.
But little Betty, who was the talkative member of the family, at once
began on him. His coach and horses and outriders were grand, she
admitted; but why an Earl, with bags of money, should choose to wear a
plain brown suit, no better than any other gentleman, Mistress Betty
vowed she could not understand. His knee-buckles were not half so fine
as George's, and brother Laurence had a dozen suits finer than the

"His sword-hilt is worth more than this plantation," remarked George, by
way of mitigating Betty's scorn for the Earl's costume. Betty
acknowledged that she had never seen so fine a sword-hilt in her life,
and then innocently remarked that she wished she were going to visit at
Greenway Court with George. George's face turned crimson, but he
remained silent. He was a proud boy, and had never in his life begged
for anything, but he wanted to go so badly that the temptation was
strong in him to mount his horse, without asking anybody's leave, and
taking Billy and Rattler with him, start off alone for the mountains.

Dinner was over presently, and as they rose, Madam Washington said,

"My son, I have determined to allow you to join Lord Fairfax, and I have
sent an inquiry to him, an hour ago, asking at what time to-morrow you
should meet him in Fredericksburg. You may remain with him until
December; but the first mild spell in December I wish you to go down to
Mount Vernon for Christmas, as I promised."

George's delight was so great that he grew pale with pleasure. He would
have liked to catch his mother in his arms and kiss her, but mother and
son were chary of showing emotion. Therefore he only took her hand and
kissed it, saying, breathlessly:

"Thank you, mother. I hardly hoped for so much pleasure."

"But it is not for pleasure that I let you go," replied his mother, who,
according to the spirit of the age, referred everything to duty. "'Tis
because I think my Lord Fairfax's company will be of benefit to you; and
as there is but little prospect of a school here this winter, and I have
made no arrangements for a tutor, I must do something for your
education, but that I cannot do until after Christmas. So, as I think
you will be learning something of men as well as of books, I have
thought it best, after reflecting upon it as well as I can, to let you

"I will promise you, mother, never to do or say anything while I am away
from you that I would be ashamed for you to know," cried George.

Madam Washington smiled at this.

"Your promise is too extensive," she said. "Promise me only that you
will _try_ not to do or say anything that will make me ashamed, and that
will be enough."

George colored at these words, as he answered, quickly: "I dare say I
promised too much, and so I will accept the change you make."


Here a wild howl burst upon the air. Billy, who had been standing behind
George's chair, understood well enough what the conversation meant, and
that he was to be separated until after Christmas from his beloved
"Marse George." Madam Washington, who had little patience with such
outbreaks of emotion, sharply spoke to him: "Be quiet, Billy!"

Billy's reply was a fresh burst of tears and wailing, which brought home
to little Betty that George was about to leave them, and caused her to
dissolve into tears and sobs, while Rattler, running about the room, and
looking from one to the other, began to bark furiously.

Madam Washington, standing up, calm, but excessively annoyed at this
commotion in her quiet house, brought her foot down with a light tap,
which, however, meant volumes. Uncle Jasper too appeared, and was about
to haul Billy off to condign punishment, when George intervened.

"Hold your tongue, Billy," he said; and Billy, digging his knuckles into
his eyes, subsided as quietly as he had broken forth.

"Now go up to my room, and take the dog, and stay there until I come,"
continued George.

Billy obeyed promptly. Betty, however, having once let loose the
floodgates, hung around George's neck and wept oceans of tears. George
soothed her as best he could, but Betty would not be comforted, and was
more distressed than ever when, in a little while, a note arrived from
Lord Fairfax, saying he would leave Fredericksburg the next morning at
sunrise, if it would be convenient to Mr. Washington to join him then.


[Illustration: Between Two Years]



The Right Rev. Bishop Hegan and his younger brother were holding a family
conclave in the Bishop's library, one at each side of the sermon-strewn

"I may be wrong," the younger man was saying, "but I see no better way
out of my difficulty. My dear brother, you pray every Sunday for
fatherless children and widows; why don't you mention widowers and
motherless children; they are in far more need of help."

"It is hard," said the Bishop, sympathetically; "but I am afraid you are
making your path harder by this last move."

Mr. Hegan made no effort to contradict his brother. "I see no better
way," he repeated. "I went to Mildred's, and there found Tom, a boy of
eighteen, eating his ten-o'clock breakfast--quail on toast. I picked
Master Tom up with me and went on. At Jane's I found my four other young
ones. But you have seen for yourself how I found them."

The Bishop laughed genially. "There was nothing to worry you in their

"No, for there was none. Perhaps I ought to have let their mother's
sister bring them up as she offered."

"Whip them up, you mean," said the Bishop.

"Exactly; that's why I refused. It was good of my sisters to take my
children for me; but they are not as their mother left them."

"No," said the Bishop, shaking his head; "they have lost what cannot be
replaced. I suppose, Tom, you are not thinking of marrying again?" The
brothers talked together with the utmost freedom, the younger answering
the point-blank question as frankly as it was asked.

"I had thought of that, but the chances seemed to me as even that a
step-mother would make the children unhappy as that my plan may. Joan is
now--let me see--sixteen years old. She ought not to study this year;
she is not as strong as she should be. She has been growing too fast and
thinking too hard. The change to a year of home life and home cares will
do her good."

"Is Joan to keep your house?"

"That was my idea. Jane has been filling her little head with romances,
and letting her talk freely with the servants at the same time, until
her conversation is a grotesque mixture of cultivation and picturesque
terms culled from the servants' hall. Tom hears her in horror. But he
needs to be shocked, so that's one good gained. I shall take Tom out to
the furnaces with me, and start him with a crowbar in his hand to work
his way up. It's the only chance for redeeming him. I haven't broken
that piece of news to him yet. He thinks he is to go to college. I don't
dare to send him there in his present trim. Milly has meant well, but
she has almost ruined my boy with her money. Jane has done less harm to
the others, but I must have my children with me for a year at least to
straighten them out, and then I can decide what each one needs."

The Bishop looked grave. "It seems to me an awful experience ahead for
you, and a pretty hard one for the young people, Tom. Aren't you just a
little severe on them?"

"I don't think so; I know I don't mean to be. The truth is they have
lost their dear mother, and life must be hard for us all at present. I
think they ought to take their share of it. Shirking their burden, as I
have been letting them, was certainly doing them harm. We are a
motherless brood, and a motherless brood we will be, and work it out

The elder brother looked tenderly across the table at the younger. "You
are a brave fellow, Tom. God bless you and your undertaking! I can't
help feeling it's a wild experiment, but, as you have the courage to
conceive it, you may have the character to bring it to a good end. Now
that you have your little brood all collected here, let them roost in
the garret as long as you like, and draw a free breath before you plunge
in. Here come the youngsters now."

The study door was banged open, and three little children, two boys and
a girl, hurtled into the room. The elder children were dragging the baby
girl between them, and they were followed by Joan, who had plainly set
out with the intention of quelling the riot, but forgot her errand by
the way, and now wandered in dreamily after the procession. The Bishop's
quiet study, kept always by his housekeeper as a half-sacred retreat,
buzzed as if blue-bottle flies had flown in.

"Godfather, we can play here, can't we?"

The Bishop was godfather to all his brother's children.

"Play here? No, my dears," said the Bishop, promptly; "you cannot. See!
I tied my manuscript scissors to my desk yesterday, because-- Well, you
two boys know why; and now somebody has most impudently cut the string
with those very same scissors, and they are off again. This will not do,
gentlemen--it will not do."

The Bishop was afraid of no man, woman, or child either; for, strange to
say, it is not uncommon to find those who are bold with grown people
fearful with little folk.

Mr. Hegan laughed to see his two stormy boys stand staring solemnly and
guiltily at their uncle. "I wish I had your royal talent," he said. "I
never shall make myself loved yet respected as you do. Once, twenty
years ago, you found me shoving about some of your papers on this very
desk, and I took a long walk afterward, and crept in at the back door
when I came home. I loved you just as dearly, but I never touched your
desk papers again, any more than my boys will your scissors."

"Dear! dear! I must have a frightful temper," said the Bishop, easily.
"Tom, suppose you wake Joan. But the child has a lovely face when she
sleeps awake, hasn't she?"

"Joan!" called Mr. Hegan; "my child!"

Joan turned with a start. She had been standing gazing up at a picture
that hung over the Bishop's head. The painting was a spiritual yet
spirited conception of the manly Maid of Orleans, with a peculiarly
delicate shading of her womanliness into the warlike pose.

"Father," said Joan, as she turned--her voice cooed like a
wood-pigeon's--"did you ever see such a perfect picture? Can't the
children go out now? They are getting so fritty in the house."

There was no break between the sentences, only a change of tone.

"Fritty?" asked her uncle. "What's fritty, pray?"

"I don't know. I always say that. Frightfully fretful, I suppose. They
certainly are that. It's not really raining now, father." She walked to
the window. "Just a kinder drizzle-drazzle, slightly drippy-drap."

The father and uncle exchanged glances and waited; but Joan, turning
back, was again absorbed in the painting above them, and saw nothing.

"We are talking about the weather, my dear," said Mr. Hegan, dryly, and
Joan flushed as she roused again. "Does their nurse think the children
should go out?"

Joan laughed aloud. She had a child's laugh. "Lolly? Why, father, Lolly
doesn't know anything. You wrote Aunt Jane you would rather the children
had a stupid nurse than a bright one who would force them forward, so we
chose out Lolly, and indeed, father, you've got your rather." She
laughed out again--with no impertinence, but an open enjoyment that
anything should be expected of Lolly.

"Is this the nurse you expect to keep?" asked the Bishop of his brother.

Mr. Hegan looked troubled. Joan watched him anxiously, and with a swift
keenness of expression that surprised and pleased her uncle.

"Father," she said, seriously, "I haven't asked what your plans are, but
whatever they may be, don't part with Lolly. She's half a fool, but she
bathes the children beautifully, and keeps their clothes nice, and they
love her just as the baby loves her cribby-house. She is so soft and
kind and pleasant to them. I always--or Aunt Jane--decide things."

Again the brothers exchanged glances, as Joan stooped to extricate the
baby, who had been tilted over into the scrap-basket.

"She looked a woman as she said that," whispered the Bishop, "and like a
child the moment before."

"She is both," said the father. "Joan, sit here a moment, my dear. We
want to talk with you. Your uncle does not approve what I am going to
do, but I have decided, if you feel able to undertake it, to let you
drop study for a year, and keep house for me and the children. What do
you say? Could you 'decide things' without Aunt Jane?"

To the disappointment of those who were closely watching her on this
test question, Joan's radiant delight rose as a screen before any latent
capacity she might have shown.

"Oh dear father, is it true? Oh, godfather, I am so happy! Children,
children, listen--"

"Let her alone," said the Bishop; "we can only tell by waiting. She is a
sweet-hearted child, if she does use extraordinary language, and she
still will be sweet if she should utterly fail you in housekeeping.
Remember that, Tom."

"But she also shows a lovely and cultivated mind at times," insisted the

"Well, not to me as yet," denied the Bishop, laughingly.
"'Fritty'--'Drippy-drap'--'drizzle-drazzle'! Nevertheless, you are right
to forbid her to study for a time. She has sombre shadows under her eyes
that add to her peculiar style of beauty, but they must be painted out
by a good common rose-color. Now, Tom, take yourself and your children
and your affairs out of my study and my head--out of my heart you never
go--but this sermon must be written."

"Oh, just one minute," begged Joan, "Father, what about Tom?"

"He is to be with us. I shall take him on the furnace work with me. But
don't mention that to him yet, Joan; I charge you carefully not to tell

Joan's face was a flushed joy. "Not for the world. How happy, happy,
happy we shall all be together! Tom's coming is my last straw of joy."

"Godfather," pleaded the baby, with hands held up, "you tarry me up

Godfather flung the baby up to his tall broadcloth shoulder, and the
whole cavalcade trooped to the stairs, the baby the centre of
attraction. Joan, running on ahead, stood smiling from the upper
landing, her arms held down for the crowing baby girl, whom she clasped
and carried away to bed.

Presently from the highest landing, where the children were quartered,
Joan's still sweet tones floated down as if remonstrating against some
action of her brother's.

"Tom, Tom, you mustn't grab baby like that with a pin in your coat. Why,
I wouldn't keep pins in my clothes any more than I would a hoppy-toad.
Sure to scratch baby. Well, dear boy, if you don't like my ways, don't
swing on my gate. When you strain my hinges, they creak."

"No lack of spirit, at any rate," laughed the Bishop. "Cheer up, Tom. I
am more anxious now for your boy than for your girl. I think she'll do."

At that moment, in the garret nursery, temporarily fitted up for the
children's use, Tom's boy was talking with Joan in a way momentous to
both. He was a handsome, finely built young fellow, with the look of
half-sulky defiance which marks the boy who, for one reason or another,
has yet to earn his real manhood.

"So that's the plan for you and the kids, eh? I'm glad for you, Joan, if
you like it. I wish I knew what college father will decide to send me
to. I can't understand why he won't let me choose. And he was so odd at
Aunt Milly's; he swept me away before I had really finished my
breakfast, and sat watching me eat with his face like a thunder-cloud."

Joan's heart contracted with a quick fear of unhappy possibilities which
had not before occurred to her. What had seemed ideal to her was not,
she began to realize, Tom's ideal. She controlled herself to reply.

"What were you eating?" she asked, practically.

"Quail on toast; and there was no harm in that. You would have thought
he had caught me picking a pocket. He was closeted for a long time with
Aunt Milly, and she came out crying, and told me father meant to take me
from her at once. Did you know Aunt Milly wanted to adopt me?"

Joan raised her eyes with the rare searching look her uncle had
admired. "You would not like that?" she stated rather than asked.

Tom shrugged his shoulders. "I don't know. It would mean money to burn."

"It would mean hearts to burn," replied Joan, quickly. "Tom, _would_ you
like it?" She looked in his face with pleading anxiety.

Tom melted. "No, I would hate it. I'm immensely proud of being my
father's son. Do you happen to know how father got his first promotion?
Uncle told me to-day. He wasn't very much older than I when he went to
work. The furnace he was in charge of was cooling fast, and they
couldn't control it. He had barrels of oil hoisted to the top of the
furnace, and with his own hands he flung them down into the red-hot
opening. It saved the company thousands; but what I liked was his doing
it himself, and not sending some poor devil of a workman to do it for

Joan's dark cheek flushed. "Wasn't that fine? Tom, there are two things
I do envy you the chance of doing. Poor me! I shall never be able to do
anything fine like that, and I never can knock anybody down. I always
wanted to be able to hit out from the shoulder if I needed to, and do
deeds of valor like Joan of Arc. Uncle has the most perfect picture of

"Don't talk like that, Joan," said Tom, with a humorous look at her. He
was at times strikingly like his uncle, with the same unconscious air of
gentle breeding, quite different from the man-of-the-world manner he
affected whenever he remembered it. "I want you to be like other girls.
Fellows don't like peculiar women, and I want my sister to be a toast
among my college friends. I suppose father will let me fill the house
for the holidays. There's good shooting down there, isn't there?"

"I don't know," said Joan.

"Joan," said Tom, in a still voice, "what are you crying about? You know
something you are not telling me, Joan. What is it?"

"Indeed, Tom--"

"Don't try to tell stories, Joan; you don't know how to. Father has some
plan for me that I won't like, and you know what it is."

"Oh, Tom, why do you say that; what have I said?"

"Nothing. That's just the trouble. If you don't know anything, deny it."
Another long and, to Joan, terrible stillness. "Does father want me to
go to work half educated, as he did? There is no earthly necessity for
it, as there was with him. If you don't answer, Joan, I shall know
that's his plan."

Joan wrung her hands in speechless agony.

"It's a piece of rank tyranny," said Tom, between his teeth. "I won't
submit to it, and I shall tell father so this minute. I won't be planned
for over my head."

He had accepted the facts as if Joan had told him of them in so many
words. Joan had a vague sense that she was being horribly wronged, or
that she was wronging some one, her over-tender conscience leading her
to settle in the latter conviction. She was trying to clasp Tom's arm
and hold him back with sobbing entreaties, but he would not be held. The
little baby sister, attracted half pleasurably by the emotion she saw
between her elders, had drawn near, and was staring up at them
round-eyed. Tom stubbed his toe over her as he made for the door, and
did not stop for more than a hasty glance, which told him the baby was
more angry than hurt. It was Joan who picked up the child, and the two
sobbed together, with their faces tucked each into the other's soft

"Oh," sobbed the elder sister, "don't cry, little sister, don't cry. Big
sister wants to think!"

Tom meantime was allowed no preparation between his discovery and his
interview with his father, for he stumbled against Mr. Hegan in the
lower hall as he had on the baby in the nursery, with the difference
that the father not only withstood the shock, but caught his son by the
shoulder, steadying him. So the two came face to face and eye to eye in
actual arm's-length of each other.

"What's the matter?" asked Mr. Hegan; and Tom knew he was not referring
to their bodily encounter.

"Joan has been telling me--" he blurted out.

Mr. Hegan's hands dropped. He knew at once what was referred to. "Joan
told you!" he exclaimed.

Tom recovered his wits and his generosity. "No, no! I mean I wormed it
out of her. She did not mean to tell anything."

"Did you twist her arm or pinch her?"


"It amounts to the same thing. As you have succeeded in 'worming out' of
Joan--I use your own terms--what I wanted to tell you myself, suppose we
talk it all over now and settle it here."

Mr. Hegan moved to the hall window, leaning against one side of the
frame. His tone of cold contempt stung like a whip, and matters did not
mend as they progressed. To Tom it was as if the world were at stake,
and Mr. Hegan, in a few terse matter-of-fact sentences, was making his
will known. The boy broke in at last, unable to wait for a proper pause:

"You had not a college education yourself, sir, or you would realize why
I feel it so important."

The tone was not respectful, and Mr. Hegan's brow reddened slightly, but
his voice was as even as before: "Does the anticipation of a college
education give so much experience? Perhaps I value what I lost more than
if I had enjoyed it. You cannot possibly place more importance on
education than I do, for you have not felt the handicap of its lack.
But, though you will not now believe it, there are things more
important. For my own reasons, and thoughtfully"--Mr. Hegan's voice grew
warmer and his manner more fatherly--"I have decided, Tom, that you must
just now begin as your father began."

Tom looked up steadily in his father's face.


"Had you considered that I might refuse, sir?"

Mr. Hegan did not again change color, though now the disrespect was
marked. He looked at his son calmly, as he might at a stranger.

"No," he replied, quietly. "I had not considered that for a moment."

Tom strove in vain to render his own tones as quiet. "What is there to
prevent my refusing? What is to prevent my acceptance of Aunt Milly's
offer of adoption?"

"Nothing," answered Mr. Hegan, as quietly as before. "Your Aunt Milly
would be glad to take you back on any terms, pleasant or offensive to
me, and once back with her, I assure you I would not move a finger to
dislodge you."

In spite of his resentment at fatherly control, this announced
indifference cut the son to the quick. He flung back his head.

"I will go at once," he said.

"No," replied Mr. Hegan, "you will not."

"Why not?" asked Tom, and could have choked himself for the involuntary

"You will not go simply because I forbid it."

At the simple words Tom's heart stood still. A quick conviction seized
him that he would for some unknown reason have to obey this calm command
as absolutely as it was given. At the bare mental suggestion a great
anger and defiance surged within him. He knew then that he had touched
the crisis. It was then or never--freedom or bondage. Hot words that
were to cut him loose from all authority were on his tongue, and he
opened his lips to say them. Mr. Hegan's calm eyes were fixed on his
face. To the boy's amazement, defiant words would not come. In their
place, as he gasped in his effort, there was something else--a wordless,
voiceless sound tearing its way through his throat and choking an outlet
at his lips. Tom was leaning against the window opposite his father,
sobbing like a beaten child. In the depths of his mortification, the
confusion of his abrupt downfall, he heard his father's footsteps pass
by him, leaving the hall. For the first time in his prosperous life Tom
had been knocked down flat--in spirit. He was quivering in every nerve
with the shock of failure, yet he felt a strange new sense of power. He
had measured his strength for the first time against a more powerful
nature, and, though beaten, he was stronger for the struggle, and he
knew it. There was something in the experience that had developed while
it humbled him.

In the Bishop's study Joan was also taking her first lesson in the new
life, but she had a different teacher, and her lesson was shorter. He
had always been easy for her to talk with, and a few questions drew
forth the true state of the case.

"The young rascal!" said the Bishop.

"Do you," sobbed Joan--"do you think father will be harsh with him?"

"I don't doubt it for a moment," said the Bishop, cheerfully. "Tom will
be treated to just enough punishment, and not a grain too much."

Her uncle laid his hand tenderly on her dark head. "See here, my little
girl," he said, "I want you to take life less heroically. I am going to
give you a token to remind you of this. You keep looking up at my Joan
of Arc. Well, she is yours. No, you must accept it, for I can spare her
easily. I don't care to own too many impediments in my walk through the
world. You must hang the picture in your own room; and whenever you look
at it I want you to say to yourself, not Joan of Arc, but--Joan of Home.
You don't understand what I mean just yet, but some day as you say this
you will understand suddenly, and better than if I had explained it. Now
run away, my dear."

"Dear! dear!" thought the Bishop to himself, as he shut his study door,
"Brother Tom has plainly been reading the riot act. I wonder if his boy
will ever make him another declaration of independence?" His eye fell on
the calendar on his desk, and he raised his eyebrows, smiling. "Why," he
said, "what a man of peace I am! It's the great Fourth of July, and I
never realized it. Well, Tom and his family have been Celebrating and
Declaring enough for us all. I wonder how it will end?"


"Now, Joan, I think the table looks as if a butler had set it," said
Tom, as he arranged the napkins in little hillocks.

"You are awfully good to me, Tom. Indeed, I couldn't keep house without
you. I hardly knew a carafe from a finger-bowl until you taught me. Aunt
Jane never thought or cared for such things."

"Aunt Milly never thought or cared for anything else," said Tom. "If
I've taught you some things, you've untaught me more, Joan. Anyhow, what
good does it do a man to know how to serve a dinner? It doesn't help me
to sledge."

"Perhaps it does. Father said yesterday that you were more accurate in
sledging than any man on the works."

Tom glowed with pleasure. "Did he say that?" he said, eagerly; then he
laughed. "Suppose a year ago any one had told me I should blush with
pride at praise for sledging! By-the-way, I want to remind you, Joan,
you mustn't yawn in his lordship's face this evening when you begin to
get sleepy. If I know him, he wouldn't like it at all, and it's not
polite. I've told you that so often, why don't you stop it?"

"I can't," said Joan, sorrowfully. "I have tried to close my mouth and
let it go out at my ears, as you said, but I feel as if I were turning
inside out like a popcorn."

"You had better turn inside out than be rude, Aunt Milly would tell you.
Joan, do you know we have both changed in this year? Here we are, you
sniffing at Aunt Jane's housekeeping, and I at Aunt Milly's eternal
little fixings. I don't say that was nice of us, but it does mark a
change. You know we have thought our respective aunts perfection."

Joan looked troubled, and was attempting an explanation--she could not
think so fast as Tom--when the front door opened, and her father's voice
announced the arrival of their expected guest. Joan paused to give a
quick glance around the room. Everything was ready: the dinner, she
knew, prepared to serve in a moment; the baby in bed; the little
boys--externally--in perfect order. "Tom, do you think they'll behave
decently?" she asked, with a young mother's anxious glance at the boys.

"I don't see why they should," Tom rejoined, cheerfully--"they never

"Indeed, Tom, Robert sometimes makes me doubt the efficacy of prayer.
Every night he asks God to make him a good boy, but I don't see any
improvement in him. Do you?"

Joan spoke earnestly, but Tom laughed. "Don't you worry, Joan. Uncle is
a man of the world: he always understands everything."

If Bishop Hegan did not understand everything, he understood a great
deal with no questions asked, and he nodded silent congratulations to
his brother across the dinner table. When the meal was ended the Bishop

"I think I will go to bed with the chickens and the children," said
Bishop Hegan. "I am a tired man to-night. Tom--young Tom, I
mean--suppose you come help me to take off my apron. Lord Bishops wear
aprons, Tom, don't they?" He looked at his nephew with a twinkle in his

"I don't know, sir; I never unfrocked one before," retorted Tom, and
then gasped at his own audacity. He would never have ventured so
reckless a jest with his father. The Bishop was different somehow--more
like himself, and in a degree like Aunt Milly. As he led his uncle to
his room, Tom felt with a pleasurable excitement that it was to be a
brief return to the world from his work-a-day life.

"Suppose we talk about Joan," said the Bishop. "She looks well--very
well--quite like a little milkmaid."

"That's just the trouble," said Tom, plunging eagerly into the subject,
as one near to his heart. "Why, uncle, she's a perfect tomboy. Do you
know, Joan is seventeen years old, and there's not a romance in the
house she hasn't read, and not a tree in the country round that she
can't and don't climb. You heard her change the subject when father
asked where the cherries came from that we had at dinner."

"No," answered the Bishop. "You see, I am not sufficiently a member of
the family to take in all these shibboleths."

"They came from a tree she was ashamed to say she had climbed. Those
cherries--I recognized them--are almost never gathered, because there's
not a boy around here who likes to climb that tree. Do you think she
ought to run wild like that? I don't mean she doesn't do finely at home,
for she does--just as well as she can--that is--" Tom's truth forced the
amendment. "Father's awfully good to her. He keeps a chair by his study
desk for her, that she calls her thinking-chair, and when she's in any
home trouble she slips in there and sits by him to think it over.
Sometimes she consults father, but as often she doesn't say a word. She
seems to get help from him without that. I suppose you have seen how
very fond they are of each other."

The Bishop was winding his watch, and looking about the bedroom to which
Tom had led him. "That's nice," he said. "Where's your thinking-chair?"

The question came so suddenly, and the look which went with it was so
kindly searching, that Tom stammered out the truth with a rush: "Father
and I are not confidential like that. But it's a mercy that Joan is his
favorite. You see, she's so dreamy she's apt to blunder, and if she were
not a favorite with him it would be frightfully hard for her."

"Is it frightfully hard for you?" asked the Bishop.

"Sometimes," said Tom, truthfully. He spoke candidly, but with a reserve
which his uncle respected.

"Wouldn't you miss Joan sadly if she were to be sent away?" he asked.
"You seem to depend on each other."

The older man noted the swift change in the young face near him.

"I can't think about that. No human being knows what Joan has done for
me this year. She seemed always to divine just when I couldn't stand
things any longer, and there she is by me. I suppose I shouldn't let her
be around those rough furnaces so much, but I never can send her away.
It made me ashamed the other day when I found she could stand as much of
the furnace gas in her lungs as I. You see, she always comes at the
worst times to bring me lemonade or something of that sort. The thirst
in those gases is awful."

"Yet you think she ought to go elsewhere?"

The answer came unhesitatingly: "I know it. This is no way to bring up a

"I'm not so sure," said the Bishop, easily. "It depends on the girl."

But Tom, his tongue once loosened, went on: "Now if she could spend one
year with Aunt Milly--"

The Bishop's mouth twitched. "Well, now, it would be rather funny,
wouldn't it, to have the life here curing what was bad for you in your
Aunt Milly's training, and Aunt Milly's training curing what is bad for
Joan in the life here; No, no; your Aunt Milly would suit for some
girls, but not for Joan. She is a little oddity, and not very strong in
body. She needs odd treatment. Your father sees that. Let her read and
climb all she chooses, but a governess with no domestic authority might
be an advisable addition to the family. I'll suggest that to your
father; and tell him too that while Joan talks more carefully than a
year ago, she has to-night informed me that the baby is the 'very spit
of father.'" The Bishop smiled at the memory. "That won't do, of course.
Why haven't you talked Joan over with your father?"

"I should as soon think of advising the Pope, uncle. My father," he
added, with a little unconscious wistfulness that caught the listener's
quick ear--"my father is the finest man I know, but he is not easy to
talk with, as you are."

The unconscious comparison did not offend the Bishop. He sat thoughtful
for a while before he replied. "I want to tell you something to
remember," he said at last. "Some day you and your father will come
together, and be all the closer for the momentum you get by being
separate now. I know he is a silent man, but wait until you get at what
is behind his silence, as I have. Did I ever show you any of his letters
to me? I suppose he lets himself out in them as nowhere else, and some
of them I have laid away for you children when you are older. Let me
see; I think I can show you a part of one now. It struck me as so true I
almost stole it for use in a sermon." He drew out some letters from his
pocket, and choosing one, he turned it down between certain lines and
handed it over to his nephew. Tom read with interest that grew intense
as he went on.

"I am sure we both agree," the letter ran, "that the man who earns his
education, and his right to eat bread and live, by the sweat of his own
brow, has an enormous pull over the man whose education and buttered
bread and honey are all paid for by somebody else. At the same time my
boy has worked so finely, so manfully and earnestly, at the furnaces
this year, I think, and you, my dear brother, will be glad to learn
this, that by the coming fall I can venture to send him--"

"Where?" asked Tom, devouring the turned-down page with hungry eyes. His
fingers trembled to lift the sheet.

"Dear! dear!" said the Bishop, innocently, taking the paper and folding
it away. "Did I leave out something I ought to have folded down? Well,
don't ask me any questions. Don't ask me. It's a very imprudent person
who tells names and tales the same day. I don't think I left out the
name of the college, did I? Now, my boy, be off, before my waistcoat is.
How could you respect my cloth if you should see me in flannel? I must
go to rest if I mean to climb that cherry-tree with Joan to-morrow, and
I certainly mean to try."

Bishop Hegan was always as good as his word, generally a little better;
therefore the next morning he and Joan and the little boys and Lolly and
the baby were all established under the spreading branches of the
cherry-tree--Joan half ashamed of the tree's proportions, but wholly

"Do you always move in a caravan like this?" asked Bishop Hegan, "I felt
like Father Abraham establishing a tribe as we trailed over the fields.
I don't remember asking any one but you to accompany me, Joan."

"They always come too," said Joan, simply, "wherever I go. Do you really
want to climb this tree, godfather? It would be a nice way for you to
celebrate the Fourth of July, wouldn't it?"

"For me, as a kind of mild and clerical dissipation, I suppose," laughed
the Bishop. "Bless my soul, I don't believe there is such an unpatriotic
man in America as I! Last Fourth of July I forgot to celebrate at all,
and here's another Fourth hours old before I realize its birth."

Joan looked at her uncle with round shocked eyes. "Why, godfather! I
didn't know you'd think that a right way to feel. I make our children
pray every night for our country and the President and our continued

The Bishop could not restrain a smile. "My little Joan of Arc," he said,
and the words struck a chord of memory with them both. "How is it with
Joan of Home?"

Joan shook her head sorrowfully. "Not very well. But indeed I am trying.
I keep your letters and read them over, and I say, 'Joan of Home' every
time I look at my lovely Joan of Arc; but I don't see yet why you told
me to do that, godfather."

"Yes, you do," said the Bishop; "at least your heart has seen, if your
mind has not. What do you think as you look at the Maid?"

Joan's eyes kindled; her voice rang: "That I would love to buckle on my
armor as she did, and fight for my country as she fought."

Again the Bishop had to hide a smile. "Well, don't you?"

Joan stared. "I am so stupid, godfather. I don't understand you."

"Why, sometimes I think every woman is a fighting patriot, all day and
every day. Don't you buckle on your armor every morning and war with the
butcher, the baker, and candlestick-maker to defend your little country
in this direction and that? Every family is a small state to be
governed. Don't you know that?"

Joan's face fell. "Godfather, I don't like that idea," she burst out.
"There is nothing glorious in what I am doing. Of course I love helping
father, but the dear children and the tradesfolk almost fray me out
sometimes. I only war in the way you describe because I know I ought

"That's a good enough and glorious enough reason," said the Bishop.
"Don't you fret, my little girl. If the chance of any kind of glory ever
comes your way--and your cruel old godfather prays it never may--you
won't find yourself ill prepared to meet it, if you take care of the
peace duties and let the glory take care of itself."

"Yes," said Joan, humbly, "I will try. I am trying to talk better than I
did, as you wrote to me I should. Do you think I have improved at all? I
know I did sometimes talk to beat the band."

"Well, the last remark was not wholly guiltless," laughed the Bishop.
"But never mind. You are doing very well in all ways. What a
sweet-tempered child you are making of Teddy! Hear the boy now."

"Bumble-peg, bumble-peg," Teddy was calling to Robert. "Yeth, I want to
play it. Oh, come an' leth play bumble-peg. What ith it?"

"He gets that from you, dear godfather," said Joan. "I don't believe
there's another bishop in the world that would go out to climb trees
with his niece."

"I haven't climbed yet," said the Bishop, looking up at the spreading
branches and the huge bare hole of the old tree. "My dear, where do you
get your first foothold?"

"Here," said Joan. "I'll show you, godfather. But you mustn't tell Tom.
It was half mean of him to tell you on me about climbing this tree."

She had led her uncle to the back of the old tree, where the underbrush
clustered thickly, hiding a set of heavy iron pegs, which she had driven
into the trunk, one above the other, until they were like an irregular
set of steps.

"I did that with a great iron hammer," said Joan. "It took a whole
morning. I stood on one as I drove in the other, and I never felt so
much like my Joan of Arc as then."

"I should think so," said the Bishop, looking up at the iron perches.
"Personally I should think it would have been easier, and certainly more
school-girlish, to content yourself with candy at home."

"I know," said Joan; "but then I never did care for candy. I always
loved the works of nature better than the arts of man." She spoke so
sweetly and simply that though he really started at the last words,
Bishop Hegan could not find it in his heart to laugh at them. He set his
foot on the first iron peg, which at once yielded under his weight.

"Dear! dear!" he said, drawing back; "my rotundity or the weight of my
divinity is too much for your ladder, Joan. No wild celebrating for me
to-day. By-the-way, why aren't you children blowing off your fingers and
your heads on this glorious Fourth? You, of all people, Joan, should not
have a toe or finger left."

"Father doesn't allow fireworks here," said Joan; "you see, he can't
make any exceptions for us, as we live on the works. There are never
holidays for furnaces, and he can't very well allow the furnace-men to
be playing at fire-crackers. Somehow I like it quiet this way much
better. We can _feel_ the day more solemnly than if we were playing all
the time. I think if everybody would try to _do_ something patriotic on
the Fourth of July it would be beautiful, and ever so much better than
firing off shooting-crackers. But then it's awfully hard to find
patriotic things to do. I've tried every year, and I have never found
one yet."

"And then most of us find more satisfaction in shooting-cracker
patriotism," said Bishop Hegan, dryly. "Now, little girl, up with you;
let me see how you can climb."


He expected a pretty sight, but Joan's climbing was something more than
that. She not only swayed from branch to branch, but fitted her slender
body against limbs too large to grasp, crawling out on their limits as
the tree-toad crawls. For the pure joy of motion, she worked her sinuous
way to the tree-top, where no cherries grew, and back again to the limbs
where they hung in clusters, which she flung down, laughing. It was not
the fearless climbing of a hardy boy, but the poetry of climbing as a
delicate girl might be expected to climb, but as the on-looker had never
seen one venture to attempt. He felt that in a way it was scarcely
human, and was glad when Joan, flushed but not breathless, dropped again
at his side.

"Thank you," said the Bishop, as if he had witnessed a special benefit
performance. He kept watching the young girl as she walked home quietly
by his side.

"Aunt Milly!" he thought. "Fancy this bit of oddity shackled in her
house! But she climbs entirely too well. Egad! it's a professional
wood-nymph. She must have a governess. I wonder if she is all heroics,
or if we have a mute inglorious Jeanne d'Arc in our midst. I almost wish
we could prove the child."

"Come, children," said Joan, interrupting the thread of her uncle's
thought. "Come, stir your little stumps. We are late for lunch, and I'm
hungry. No, Lolly, it won't hurt Ted to run a little. You know, nothing
ever hurts our boys. I declare, rattlesnakes run from 'em."

"She's just a little child, after all," decided the laughing Bishop,
"Upon my word, I think I caught her heroics for the moment."

"Come on," said Joan, urging on the little ones. "Come on. Father must
be at home by now."

She stopped short, suddenly listening, her eyes dilated. Across the
fields, blown to them on the wind, came faintly the sound of a sharp
shrill whistle, thrice repeated, then silence, and the same signal

"It's for father," said Joan, breathlessly. "Something has happened at
the works."

All over the great iron-works men were hurriedly calling inquiries to
one another as the shrill insistent whistle rang out with that note of
alarm which danger signals seem to gain, or which the ear hears in them.
The busy place roused as a humming beehive is roused by a sounded gong.
All those who could, or who dared to leave their work, ran in the
direction where they saw others running. Tom, dressed in his rough
overalls, and with face and hands grimy from the great furnace stoves
for which he was responsible, was by that responsibility tied to his
post until he could leave everything in safe order. He was almost the
last man free, and not until long after his patience was exhausted was
he able to follow the straggling procession that led to the new
fire-proof stock-house in process of erection. As he ran, Tom learned by
snatches what had happened. Those dreaded poisonous gases that are the
curse of the furnace-man had been insidiously leaking out from the
neighboring furnace pipes, and creeping up under the iron roof of the
stock-house. There they had collected as in an ether-cone, waiting to do
their mischievous work. So slowly and so imperceptibly had they
gathered, the men working in under the roof, riveting the huge iron
girders, had labored on unconscious of the enemy surrounding them. They
were not "iron-men" proper, and so less inured to the gases and less
aware of their danger, the peculiarity of which is that the gases do
their deadly work so swiftly when once taking hold that a man is
unconscious before he knows he is actually attacked. Tom remembered one
poor fellow who was sitting on a high wall eating his poor dinner-pail
meal, when the gases found and caught him. It was Tom who had discovered
him lying at the foot of the wall, a bit of bread still in his hand,
and--Tom did not care to remember the rest, and he was glad when he
reached the stock-house to see that a piece of tarpauling had been laid
over a huddled something on the ground outside the house.

"Father is here," thought Tom, "or that would have been left out to gape

But it was not his father who was standing by the tarpauling. It was
Bishop Hegan, who looked up at Tom as he would have hurried by, and
beckoned to him. "Find Joan and the children," he said. "They
outstripped me, and are here somewhere. Take them home. I must stay here
by this poor thing. They say his wife is coming."

Bishop Hegan's face was white with pity. He took a step to the open
building, and pointed up significantly. Tom lifted his eyes, and then
ran forward where the crowd surged inside.

There had been three men working on the girders; now there were but two,
still hanging, no one knew how, astride the great iron ribs sixty feet
above the terrified eyes that watched them. They were both unconscious,
as was yet another poor fellow who had tried to climb to his comrades'
aid, and almost reached them, but turned back just in time, gasping and
fainting. Half-way down the wall he was with difficulty rescued and
lowered to safety. No one else was volunteering for the dangerous task.
To climb those high sheer walls, mounting from ladder to brace, from
brace to bracket, was no easy task at best for the coolest heads. The
danger doubled when one climbed with nerves unhinged. Outside the
building there were scaffoldings in place against the unfinished walls,
but the braces on the steep roof had been removed, and to reach the
unconscious men from there meant working unstayed on the verge of a
precipice, and delving a way through iron plates. There seemed no choice
but waiting in sickening suspense for a second tragedy, to be followed
by a third.

Under the open windows and along the wall of the house Mr. Hegan was
pacing up and down with an excitement which his son had never before
seen. His men left a way for him, and watched him with a rude affection.
Stern as he was, the safety of his men was dear to him, as they knew. He
had vainly striven to raise a rescuing party, but the men hung back, he
saw, in earnest. His helplessness seemed to hurt bodily.

"If I were only twenty years younger!" he was groaning as he walked.

"I am that, father. What shall I do?"

Mr. Hegan started and stood still, looking at his son in the first flush
of his young manhood. He settled back against the window-frame with a
deep breath.

"No," he said, hoarsely, uttering perhaps the first untruth of his manly
life. "Any attempt is useless. It is throwing life away. I absolutely
forbid it."

As if with a flash of memory, Tom's mind went back to that scene a year
before, of which this seemed a repetition. Then, on this same historic
July day, he had, with a curious appropriateness, made to his father his
declaration of independence, but had met an inappropriate defeat. Then,
too, they had stood, as now, by an open window, and, moved by an
instinct of repetition, Tom turned to stand exactly as he had before
stood, leaning against the opposite side of the frame. As he did so, he
saw with what he knew was a foolish but uncontrollable flush of
exultation that his eyes were on an exact level with his father's. One
ambition he had achieved, but along with this growth had come another so
much more important that Tom forgot all else in the exhilaration of its
discovered possession.

"Father," he said, in a low tone that none the less rang with
determination, "last year I didn't dare to disobey you, because I was
afraid, but now--I'm not a bit afraid of you."

Mr. Hegan leaned quickly forward, and laid his hand on his boy's
shoulder with a fatherly touch and an anxiety in his eyes that made
Tom's heart beat high.

"I must try it, father," he said, gently, answering the questioning
look. "There isn't a man here who can stand the gases as I can. I'm used
to them."

Mr. Hegan bowed his head. He tried to reply quietly, but his voice
broke. "You are a man," he said; "your own master. I haven't the right
to say no if your courage says yes. God go with you!" He held out his
hand, but turned away as if he could not see the boy's first step toward

Tom grasped the hand, but did not move. "Father!" he cried, in a gasp.
"Look! It is Joan!"


Mr. Hegan turned. Tom was pointing up, not at the endangered men, but to
a spot on which every eye was now fixed, and to which all were pointing
in turn. Further along the building and close under the roof was a small
opening, left for some temporary purpose, and through this opening, by
which no man could have entered, appeared the slight shoulders and the
dark head they all recognized. With strong motions of her slender arms,
Joan was dragging her lithe body into the building, until she lay at
last flattened on the wide iron beam that separated wall from roof. From
there she began to work her way along the beam towards the girder where
the men still hung. Her progress, like that of a measuring-worm, was
slow but sure. A light rope was coiled round and round her waist.

"She will tie them to the girders," shouted Tom. "Take courage, father;
she can stand the gases as I can. Who goes up with me?"

"My goodness!" murmured the father. "Both my children!" But in a moment
he was himself again--the master, the director. He stepped forward, as a
captain reviewing his troops.

"Volunteers!" his commanding voice ordered, and from the mass of
reluctant men sprang a dozen, stung to tardy courage. Mr. Hegan rapidly
divided his forces. Half were to go with him to the outer walls and the
roof, half to follow Tom, already on his way up the inner wall to Joan.

If Joan had stopped to ask herself how she came to be where she was, she
could hardly have told. From the moment when she reached the stock-house
and saw the poor souls dangling, as it were, between life and death, her
brain had worked like a fire. She saw the small opening under the eaves,
and remembering the scaffolding on the outside, realized that she could
make the height of the walls in pure air. To her the gases were less
terrifying because she had formed the habit of visiting Tom when the air
was most foul, to carry him cooling draughts. Almost instinctively she
caught up a rope, and winding it about her waist, ran to the outer wall,
where she was quite alone. Never before in her childish life had she
felt so little the need of advice and instruction. As each move occurred
to her, she followed it instantly, and with a concise certainty as
unusual to her as it was exhilarating. Never before had she climbed with
such careful precision or so rapidly. Her whole soul was absorbed in the
impulse of succor, which steadied while it inspired her. She did not
stop to count the cost, because cost did not exist for her. Once only
did she remember herself and her danger, and that was when some
instinctive feeling drew her eyes down to the rescuing-band swarming up
to her aid. After that one look she did not venture to measure with her
eyes the dreadful distance below. She was soon on a level with those she
came to reach, and breathing the same air they breathed. Used as she was
to the gases, their poison was affecting her. Her breath began to come
heavily, and her eyes were now and then playing her false. Joan grasped
her dulling senses as with physical hands and forced them to her service
until she reached the girder. To climb out upon it and to lash the men
in place were all that remained for her to do. Then, if she had the
strength left, she would also lash herself, and--she realized dully that
she had reached the first victim.

He had fallen forward, and was caught by the breast and between the arms
in the frame-work. Joan twined the rope about him and the bar, and with
the loose end passed on, crawling to the next man, who lay less
dangerously. He was supported astride the girder as by a miracle of
balance, his back against an iron bar, his head dropped on his breast. A
strange throbbing sound was troubling Joan's ears, and seemed to her to
dim her powers, and make the knots her stiffened fingers tied yet more
difficult. Her sight, too, was growing dimmer, as the throbbing entered
into her brain with hard metallic crashings that increased in force and
volume, paralyzing the will-power to which she now felt herself clinging
but feebly. She tied the last knot about the unconscious man, and felt
herself then stupidly trying to wind the rope's end about her own waist.
The clashing in her brain grew terrible. It was like an acute suffering,
than which a fall to the depths below was preferable. But, painfully
forcing herself to what was now a mere duty of self-preservation, she
feebly plucked at the rope, her body swaying back and forth on the
girder. Suddenly she realized her swaying motion, and righted herself
with a start that roused her to a full, if momentary, consciousness. She
had no longer the power to even toy with the rope or stop this swaying,
which she knew had begun again. The terrible crashing sound was an
unbearable uproar in her ears and brain. Her head fell forward
helplessly; she felt her body following, and with a great human cry of
mortal fear she struggled desperately against the sinking impulse which
was dragging her down, down--

A strong rough grasp was about her waist, catching her back. Tom's voice
was crying her name in her ears, and a moment later the iron roof,
yielding to the brave attacking of sledges and crowbars, opened above
their heads. But to Joan's sick and giddy senses it was the heavens that
were parting, with a tearing, rending sound, and a glory of inrushing
sunlight told her that all was over. She closed her eyes, wondering
vaguely at the painlessness of death, and while thus wondering lost

When Joan awoke it was with a warm rain, dropping on her face, and she
looked up into her uncle's eyes. He was kneeling by her side, bending
over her. On her other side she recognized the physician of the works,
and standing at her feet was Tom, his arm about his father's shoulders,
supporting him. Mr. Hegan was trembling, and leaning on that support as
gratefully and as naturally as if it had ever been his habit to cling to
his son. A dry sob of relief broke from her father's lips as Joan opened
her eyes.

"Hush!" whispered the doctor, as she looked around her amazed. A rope
was knotted about her waist and the pulley block and ropes by which she
had been lowered from the roof were still attached to her rope girdle.

"What is it?" she asked, in painful bewilderment. "Oh, what is all

The doctor bent to speak to her soothingly, but Bishop Hegan motioned
him back.

"It is your unbuckled armor, my little Joan," he said. "You have had
your wish for glory, Joan."

Joan lay still, looking up at him, her eyes growing larger and deepening
with intelligence as her memory returned. Suddenly she cried: "I
remember now. Are the men safe?"

"They are recovering," Mr. Hegan tried to say, but his voice failed as
he spoke.

"And who saved me?"

"Your brother," answered Bishop Hegan. "Six other men ran to your help,
but four gave out, and Tom outstripped the other two by yards of
climbing. He caught you just as you were falling, and handed you out to
a rescue party on the roof."

Joan looked affectionately at her brother. "I'd have done the same for
him," she said, simply. Her glance travelled on to her father's white
face and shaking hands. She sat upright suddenly, anxious and inquiring.
"Why, father dear, what ever's the matter? You are just as white and
jumpity as you can be. I never saw you like this. You haven't had any
lunch, have you? Well, I think we all had better go home to eat
something. I'm awfully hungry myself. Help me up, Tom." The elders hung
back as the two young people drew together.

Bishop Hegan held out his hand--the brothers stood clasping each other.

"God bless my boy!" said Mr. Hegan, feelingly. "He has earned his
independence, if ever a man did." The Bishop was openly wiping his eyes.

"God bless my little girl! She may be as romantic as a milkmaid, and
talk like a sailor-taught parrot if she chooses, with no more scoldings
from me. My dear Tom, it's the Fourth of July. Do you remember how one
year ago to-day you were laying down the law to the young rebels?"

"Yes, I remember, and to-day they are playing Washington to my King

"Well, not exactly," said the Bishop. "You see, you were imposing
nothing unreasonable last year."

Mr. Hegan laughed. "Exactly what King George said, I have no doubt. Let
me acknowledge it when my reign is justly over. Tom shall go to college
in the fall, and Joan--she shall decide for herself on a governess. My
two eldest are now a man and a woman, not my children after to-day.
Shall we go to luncheon? When the heroine of the hour calls loudly for
bread and beef we old folks needn't stop to be sentimental."

"I suppose," said the Bishop, "that Independent States and States of
Independence are nearly the same thing. Are we to have a celebration?"

"Undoubtedly," laughed Mr. Hegan. "There are our conquerors calling us.
Yes, children, we are coming."


                  He's a very wise man,
                  The Calendar Man;
          He fixes the year just right;
                  He has a good plan,
                  As every one can
          Discern at the very first sight.

  He knows that the very best days of the year
    Are Christmas and Fourth of July,
  And it would have been very unpleasant and queer
    If he'd gone and arranged 'em close by.

  But with one in December and the other one now,
    The calendar's all right for fun.
  There's time to recover from one, anyhow,
    Before the other's begun.






When the boys returned to Buck Raulet's shack, which he had insisted they
should share with him until they could build one of their own, the first
question Alaric asked was in regard to his new employment.

"What is a hump-durgin?"

"Ho, ho! With all your learning don't you know what a hump-durgin is?
Well, I am surprised, for it's one of the commonest things. Still, if
you don't really know, I'll tell you. A genuine hump-durgin is a sort of
a cross betwixt a boat and a mule."

"A boat and a mule?" repeated Alaric, more perplexed than ever.

"That's what I said. You see, it is something like a boat. I might say a
steamboat, or perhaps a canal-boat would be more like it, and it is
always sailing back and forth. It often rolls and pitches like it was in
a heavy sea; but at the same time it lives on dry land and never goes
near the water. It also rears and bucks, and jumps from side to side,
and tries its best to throw its rider, same as a mule does, and it
wouldn't look unlike one if it only had legs, and a tail, and ears, and
hair, and a bray."

"Humph!" interrupted Bonny, who had been an interested listener to this
vague description of a hump-durgin. "A log of wood might look like a
hump-durgin if it had all those things."

"Right you are, son! A log of wood might look like a hump-durgin, and
then again it mightn't. Same time I've often thought that some
hump-durgins wasn't much better than logs of wood, after all. Anyway,
now that I've described the critter so that you know all about him, you
can see why the boss has decided to put our young friend here in charge
of one."

"I'm sure I can't," said Alaric, more puzzled than ever.

"Because of your experience with both mules and boats," laughed the big
"faller" teasingly, and that was all the satisfaction the boys could get
from him that night.

The next morning, bright and early, the occupants of the camp scattered
to their respective duties: the loggers trudging up the skid-road and
deep into the forest, there to resume their work of converting trees
into logs; the loading-gang going in the opposite direction, to the
distant railway landing, where they would spend the day loading logs on
to flat cars; the engineers with their firemen to their respective
engines; the road-gang up to the head of a side gulch where they were
constructing a branch skid-road; the blacksmiths to their ringing
anvils; Bonny to the store, where he was to take an account of stock;
and Alaric, in company with the man whose place he was to fill, after
receiving from him half a day's instruction in his new duties to make
the acquaintance of his hump-durgin.

They went a short distance down the skid-road to where one of the relay
engines was winding in a half-mile length of wire cable over a big steel
drain. This cable stretched its shining length up the gulch and out of
sight around a bend. Near the engine-house, and at one edge of the
skid-road, was a little siding, or dock, protected by a heavy
sheer-skid. In it lay what looked like a log canoe, sharp-pointed at
both ends, and having a flat bottom.

"There," said Alaric's guide, "is your hump-durgin."

"That thing!" exclaimed the lad, gazing at the canoe-like object
curiously. "But I thought a hump-durgin went by steam!"

"So it does," laughed the man, "when it goes at all. Just wait a minute,
and you'll see."

Almost as he spoke there came a sound of bumping and sliding from up the
skid-road, and directly afterwards the end of an enormous log came into
sight around the bend, drawn by the cable the engine was winding in. As
this log rounded the bend and came directly toward them, another was
seen to be chained to it, then another, and another, until the "turn"
was seen to contain five of the woody monsters. Attached to the rear end
of the last log came another hump-durgin, in which a man was seated, and
to the after end of which was fastened a second wire cable that
stretched away for half a mile to the next engine above.

Every log was made fast to the one ahead of it by two short chains, each
of which was armed at either end with a heavy steel spur having a sharp
point and a flat head. These are called "dogs," and, driven deep into
the logs, bind them together. The hump-durgin was also attached to the
rear log by a chain and "dog," and one of the principal duties of a
hump-durgin man is to see that none of these dogs pulls out.

As the "turn" of logs stopped just above the station, the man who had
come with them knocked out his hump-durgin dog, while the man with
Alaric disconnected the cable that had drawn the logs down to that
point, and hooked on the upper end of another that stretched away out of
sight down the road. Then he waved to the engineer, who telephoned to
the next station down the line, and at the same time to the one above.
In another minute the hump-durgin that had just arrived was being pulled
back by its cable over the way it had come, and the "turn" of logs was
drawn forward by the new cable just attached to them. When the rear end
of the last log was passing Alaric's hump-durgin, the man with him
hammered its "dog" into the wood, the chain straightened with a jerk,
and the novel craft was under way. As it started, both the man and
Alaric jumped in, and away they went, bumping and sliding down the
skid-road, slewing around corners that were protected by sheer-skids,
and dragging behind them a half-mile length of cable attached to the
after end of their craft.

In this way they were dragged half a mile down the gulch to a second
engine station, where a new relay of cable with a third hump-durgin
awaited the logs, and from which their own craft, laden with the chains
and dogs just brought up from below, was dragged back up hill to the
station from which they had started.

Every now and then on their downward trip the man jumped from the
hump-durgin, and, maul in hand, ran along the whole length of the
"turn," giving a tap here and there to the "dogs" to make sure that none
of them was working loose. As the cables were only speeded to about four
miles an hour, he could readily do this; but after he had thus examined
one side he had to wait until the whole turn passed him, and then run
ahead to examine the other. Alaric asked why he did not run on the logs
themselves, and, by thus examining both sides at the same time, save
half his work.

"Because I ain't that kind of a fool," replied the man. "There is them
as does it; but a chap has to be surer-footed and spryer than I be to
ride the logs, 'specially when they're slewing round corners. I reckon,
though, from all I hear of you, that you'll be just one of the kind to
try it on; and all I can say is, I hope you'll be let off light when it
comes your time to be flung. Some gets killed, and others only comes
nigh it."

The hump-durgin man at the lower relay station followed the first "turn"
of logs to the railway landing, and then went back to the extreme upper
end of the skid-road. With the second "turn" Alaric and his instructor
did the same thing. The next man above him followed the third "turn" to
its destination, while the man farthest up of all travelled the whole
length of the road with the fourth "turn," covering its two miles in
four different hump-durgins. And at length Alaric had a chance to do the
same thing. Thus each hump-durgin driver became familiar with every
section of the road, and made six round trips in a day.

At noon of that first day Alaric's instructor in the art of navigating a
hump-durgin bade him "so long," and left him in sole command of the
clumsy craft. The man had no sooner gone than his pupil began practising
the science of log-riding, and before night he had triumphantly ridden
the whole length of the road mounted on the backs of his unwieldy
charges. To be sure, he sat down most of the way, and was thrown twice
when attempting to walk the length of the "turn" while it was slewing
round corners. Fortunately he escaped each time with nothing more
serious than a few bruises, and that night he drove a number of hobnails
into the soles of his boots. These afforded him so good a hold on the
rough bark that he was never again flung, and within a week had become
so expert a log-rider that he could keep his feet over the worst "slews"
on the road.

The hump-durgins brought up many things from the railway landing besides
chains and "dogs," for they were the sole conveyances by which supplies
of any kind could reach the camp. It often happened that they carried
passengers as well, and in this respect running a hump-durgin was, as
Alaric said, very much like driving a stage-coach--a thing that he had
always longed to do.

Bonny was so envious of his comrade's job that on that very first day he
made application for the next hump-durgin vacancy, and two weeks later
was filled with delight at receiving the coveted appointment.

By the time that both our lads became hump-durgin boys they were living
in their own shack, which stood just beyond Buck Raulet's, and which
nearly every man in camp had helped them to build. So proud were they of
this tiny dwelling that they nearly doubled their bill at the store in
procuring bedding and other furnishings for it.

Although thus amply provided with rude comforts, or, as Bonny expressed
it, "surrounded with all the luxuries of life," Alaric fully realized
that it would soon be time to exchange this mode of living for another.
He knew that he owed a duty to his father, as well as to the station of
life into which he had been born; and, having proved to his own
satisfaction that he was equally strong with other boys, and as well
able to fight his way through the world, he was more than willing to
return to his own home. Now that he felt competent to hold his own,
physically as well as mentally, with others of his age, he was filled
with a desire to go to college. On talking the matter over with Bonny he
found that the latter cherished similar aspirations, the only difference
being that the young sailor's longing was for a mechanical rather than
a classical education. "Though, of course," said Bonny, with a sigh, "I
shall always have to take it out in wishing, for I shall never have
money enough to carry me through a school of any kind, or at least not
until I am too old to go."

At this Alaric only smiled, and bade his comrade keep on hoping, for
there was no telling when something might turn up. As he said this he
made up his mind that if ever he went to college Bonny should at the
same time go to one of the best scientific schools of the country.



For a full month had our hump-durgin boys occupied the little
cedar-built shack, which now seemed to them so much a home that it was
difficult to realize they had ever known any other. By this time too
they were exercising a very decided influence upon the character of the
camp into whose life they had been so unexpectedly thrown. Light-hearted
Bonny, with his cheery face and abounding good-nature, was as full of
amusing pranks as a young colt, and from every group that he joined
shouts of merriment were certain to arise within a few minutes. Thus
Bonny was very popular and always in demand. Nor was Alaric less so, for
he could tell so much concerning strange countries and relate so many
curious old-world tales, that there was rarely an evening that he was
not called upon for something of the kind. He so often said that most of
his stories could be found in certain books, related a thousand times
better than he could tell them, that in the breasts of many of his
hearers he aroused a real longing for books, and a wider knowledge than
they could ever acquire without them.

At the same time Alaric was not only appreciated for what he knew, but
for what he could do. No one in camp could ride a "turn" of logs,
swaying, bumping, and sliding down the skid-road, with such perfect
confidence and easy grace as he. Only one of them all could outrun him,
and none could catch or throw a baseball with the certainty and
precision that he exhibited, although ever since Buck Raulet discovered
the ball in his young guest's coat pocket the camp had practised with it
during all odd moments of daylight.

So our lads made friends with and knew the personal history of every
occupant of the camp save one, and he was its boss. Since the night on
which they had taken tea in his house Mr. Linton had hardly spoken to
either of them; nor did he ever join with the men in their evening
gatherings to listen to Bonny's jokes or Alaric's tales. At first they
noticed this, and wondered what reason he had for avoiding them; but
they soon learned that it was only his way, and that he never talked
with any of the men except on matters of business. Buck Raulet said it
was because he was a deputy United States Marshal, and didn't know when
he might be called on to arrest any one of them for some offence against
the government.

With all their present popularity the boys were growing weary of the
monotonous life they were leading, of their good-natured but rough and
narrow-minded associates, and of the deadly sameness of the food served
three times a day in the dingy mess-room. They also dreaded the
approaching winter, with its days and weeks of rain, during which the
work of getting out logs for the insatiable mills down on the sound must
keep on without a moment of interruption. They listened with dismay to
tales of loggers who had not known the feeling of dry clothing for weeks
at a time; of "turns" of logs rushing down skid-roads slippery with wet,
like roaring avalanches of timber, threatening destruction to everything
in their course; and of long dreary winter evenings when the steady
downpour forbade camp-fires and prevented all social out-of-door

In view of these things, Alaric was determined that the end of another
month, or such time as his wages should be paid, should see him on his
way to San Francisco and home. He did not anticipate any difficulty in
persuading Bonny to go with him, for that young man had already remarked
that while hump-durgin riding was fun up to a certain point, he should
hate to do it for the remainder of his life. Oh yes, Bonny would go of
course; and Alaric's only fear was that his father might not take a
fancy to the lad, or hold the same views regarding his future that he
did. Still, that was a matter that would arrange itself somehow, if they
could only manage to reach San Francisco, and the "poor rich boy" now
began to long as eagerly for the time to come when he might return to
his home as he once had for an opportunity to leave it.

One day, when matters stood thus, a stranger, past middle age, shabbily
dressed, and wearing a peculiarly dilapidated hat, appeared at the
railway log-landing, and asked of Bonny, whose hump-durgin happened to
be there at the time, permission to ride with him to the upper end of
the skid-road. With a sympathetic glance at the man's forlorn appearance
Bonny answered,

"Certainly, sir; you may ride with me all day if you like, and I shall
be glad of your company."

Thanking the lad, the stranger seated himself in the hump-durgin, and
after he had been warned to hold on tight and watch out for "slews," the
upper journey was begun. At one of the upper relay stations they waited
for a descending "turn" of logs to pass them. Here the stranger visited
the engine-house, and while he was talking with the engineer they came
in sight. Alaric, who happened to be in charge, was at that moment
walking easily forward along the backs of the swaying logs, presenting
as fine a specimen of youthful agility, strength, and perfect health as
one could wish to encounter. He was clad in jean trousers tucked into
boot-legs and belted about his waist; a blue flannel shirt, with a black
silk kerchief knotted at the throat, and a black slouch hat.


"Isn't that extremely dangerous?" asked the stranger, regarding the
approaching lad with a curious interest.

"Not for him it isn't, though it might be for some; but Rick Dale is so
level-headed and sure-footed that there isn't his equal for riding logs
in this outfit, nor, I don't believe, in any other," answered the

"What did you say his name was?" asked the stranger, with his gaze still
fixed on Alaric.

"Dale. Richard Dale," replied the engineer. "Why? Do you think you know

"No. I don't know any one of that name; but the lad's resemblance to
another whom I used to know is certainly very striking."

"Yes. It's funny how often people look alike who have never been within
a thousand miles of each other," remarked the engineer, carelessly, as
he stepped to the signal-box. In another minute Alaric had passed out of
sight, while Bonny and the stranger had resumed their upward journey.

That evening Alaric remarked to his chum, "I noticed you had a passenger

"Yes," replied Bonny. "Seedy-looking chap, wasn't he, but one of the
nicest old fellows I ever met. Never saw any one take such an interest
in everything. I suspected what he was after, though, and finally we got
so friendly that I asked him right out if he wasn't looking for work."

"Was he?"

"Yes. He hesitated at first, and looked at me to see if I was joking,
and then owned up that he was hunting for something to do. I felt mighty
sorry for him, 'cause I know how it is myself; but I had to tell him
there wasn't a living show in this camp just now. He seemed mightily
taken with our shack here, and said he once had a house just like it,
but he was afraid he'd never have another. I invited him to stay with us
a few days if he wanted to--just while he was looking for a job, you
know--but he said he guessed he'd better go on to some other camp. You'd
have been willing, wouldn't you?"

"Certainly," replied Alaric. "I've already been in hard luck enough to
be mighty glad of a chance to help any other fellow who's in the same
fix, especially an old man; for they don't have half the show that young
fellows do."

"I told him you'd feel that way," exclaimed Bonny, triumphantly, "and he
said if there were more like us in the world it would be a happier place
to live in, but that he guessed he'd manage to scrape along somehow
awhile longer without becoming a burden to others. I did insist on his
taking a hat, though."

"A hat?"

"Yes. We were down at the store, and he was asking the price of things,
and looking around so wistful that I couldn't help getting him a new hat
and having it charged; for the one he wore wasn't any good at all. He
hated to take it, but I insisted, and finally he said he would if I'd
keep his old one and let him redeem it some time. Of course I said I
would, just to satisfy him, and here it is."

Alaric looked carelessly at the dilapidated hat as he said: "It was a
first-class thing to do, Bonny, and I only wish I had been here to give
him something at the same time. But, hello! this is a Paris hat, and
hasn't been worn very long, either. I wonder how he ever got hold of it?
Never mind, though; hang it up for luck, and to remind me to do
something for the next poor chap who comes along. I heard to-day that
the president of the company was in Tacoma, on his way to make an
inspection of all the camps."

"Yes," replied Bonny. "They say he is an awful swell, too, and I heard
that he was coming in his private car. I only hope he is, and that I can
get a chance to look at it, for I have never seen a private car. Have

"One or two," answered Alaric, with a smile.

At noon of the following day, while a fifteen-minute game of baseball
was in progress after dinner, the boss of Camp No. 10 received a note
from the president of the company, requesting him to report immediately
in person at Tacoma, and bring with him the two hump-durgin boys Dale
and Brooks.

Mr. Linton, being a man who kept his own business to himself as much as
possible, merely called our lads and bade them follow him. Of course
this order broke up the game they were playing, and as they hastened
after the boss, Bonny, in whose hands the baseball happened to be,
thrust it into one of his pockets. Although curious to know why they
were thus summoned, the boys learned nothing from Mr. Linton until they
reached the railway log-landing, when he told them that they were wanted
in Tacoma, and that he was instructed to bring them there at once.

From the landing they proceeded by hand-car to Cascade Junction, where
they boarded a west-bound passenger train over the Northern Pacific.
Even now Mr. Linton was not communicative, and after sitting awhile in
silence, he went forward into the smoking-car, leaving the boys in the
passenger coach next behind it. Now they began to discuss their
situation, and the more they considered it, the more apprehensive they
became that something unpleasant was in store for them.

"He's a United States Marshal, remember," said Bonny.

"Yes," replied Alaric; "I've been thinking of that. Do you suppose it
can have anything to do with that smuggling business?"

"I'm awfully afraid so," replied Bonny. "Great Scott! Look there!"

The train was just leaving Meeker, where a passenger had boarded their
car, and was now walking leisurely through it toward the smoker. It was
he who had attracted Bonny's attention, and at whom he now pointed a
trembling finger.

Alaric instantly recognized the man as an officer of the revenue-cutter
that had so persistently chased them in the early summer. Without a
word, he left his seat and followed the new-comer to the smoking-car,
where a single glance through the open door continued his worst

The officer had seated himself beside Mr. Linton, and they were talking
with great earnestness.

"They are surely after us again," Alaric said, in a whisper, as he
regained his seat beside Bonny; "but I don't intend to be captured, if I
can help it."

"Same here," replied Bonny.

Thus it happened that when, a little later, the train reached Tacoma,
and Mr. Linton returned to look for his lads, they were nowhere to be



The first meeting of the National Interscholastic Association was held
at the Columbia Oval, New York, June 20, and the records established on
that occasion are something that every school-boy in the country may
well feel proud of. The day was perfect and the track was good; and
although there were only five associations represented, the teams
present were undoubtedly made up of the best scholastic athletic talent
in the United States. As had been anticipated, victory went to the
New-Englanders, with a score of 46 points; the Connecticut H.-S.A.A.
took second honors with 25 points, New York following with 23, while the
Long Island I.S.A.A. was fourth with a score of 7, and the sandy team
from Iowa closed the list with 6 points.


  Event.                            Winner.                     Performance.
  100-yard dash           W. H. Jones (_P.A._), N.E.              10-1/5 sec.
  220-yard dash           W. H. Jones (_P.A._), N.E.              22-2/5  "
  Quarter-mile run        H. L. Washburn (_B._), N.Y.             51-2/5  "
  Half-mile run           W. S. Hipple (_B._), N.Y.         1 m.  59-3/5  "
  One-mile run            D. T. Sullivan (_W.H._), N.E.     5 "   10-1/5  "
  120-yard hurdles        A. F. Beers (_D.L.S._), N.Y.            16-4/5  "
  220-yard hurdles        J. H. Converse (_E.H.-S._), N.E.        26-2/5  "
  One-mile walk           A. L. O'Toole (_E.H.-S._), N.E.   7 "   53-2/5  "
  One-mile bicycle        O. C. Roehr (_P.P._), L.I.        2 "   36      "
  Running high jump       F. R. Sturtevant (_H._), Ct.      5 ft.  8     in.
  Running broad jump      H. Brown (_H.H.-S._), Ct.        21  "   1      "
  Pole vault              R. G. Clapp (_Will._), N.E.      10  "   5      "
  Throwing 12-lb. hammer  F. C. Ingalls (_H._), Ct.       129  "  10      "
  Putting 12-lb shot      F. C. Ingalls (_H._), Ct.        43  "   4      "

  Event.                            Second.
  100-yard dash              R. W. Moore (_B._), N.Y.
  220-yard dash              R. W. Moore (_B._), N.Y.
  Quarter-mile run           G. G. Whitcomb (_P.E._), N.E.
  Half-mile run              R. F. Hanson (_E.H.-S._), N.E.
  One-mile run                ----------------------
  120-yard hurdles           F. A. Edmands (_W.A._), N.E.
  220-yard hurdles           A. F. Beers (_D.L.S._), N.Y.
  One-mile walk              G. A. Blakeslee (_H.H.-S._), Ct.
  One-mile bicycle           M. W. Forney (_A._), L.I.
  Running high jump          T. Flournoy (_C._), Io.
  Running broad jump         H. Moeller (_C.G._), N.Y.
  Pole vault                 B. Johnson (_W.A._), N.E.
  Throwing 12-lb. hammer     W. B. Boyce (_B.H.-S._), N.E.
  Putting 12-lb shot         F. A. Edmands (_W.A._), N.E.

  Event.                            Third.
  100-yard dash              Hugh Jackson (_C.R._), Io.
  220-yard dash              Hugh Jackson (_C.R._), Io.
  Quarter-mile run           C. F. Luce (_H._), Ct.
  Half-mile run              C. A. Brown (_S.C._), Io.
  One-mile run               ----------------------
  120-yard hurdles           F. W. Shirk (_W.A._), N.E.
  220-yard hurdles           J. J. Peters (_P.A._), N.E.
  One-mile walk              ----------------------
  One-mile bicycle           E. A. Strong (_H._), Ct.
  Running high jump          ----------------------
  Running broad jump         W. Hersey (_W.A._), N.E.
  Pole vault                 F. R. Sturtevant (_H._), Ct.
  Throwing 12-lb. hammer     F. A. Edmands (_W.A._), N.E.
  Putting 12-lb shot         C. Leo (_C.R._), Io.

     ABBREVIATIONS:--N.E., New England I.S.A.A.; N.Y., New York
     I.S.A.A.; Ct., Connecticut H.-S.A.A.; L.I., Long Island I.S.A.A.;
     Io., Iowa State H.-S.A.A.; _P.A._, Phillips Academy, Andover; _B._,
     Barnard School, New York; _W.H._, Worcester High-School; _D.L.S._,
     De La Salle Institute, New York; _E.H.-S._, Boston English
     High-School; _P.P._, Brooklyn Poly Prep. Institute; _H._, Hartford
     Public High-School; _Will._, Williston Seminary; _P.E._, Phillips
     Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire; _W.A._, Worcester Academy; _A._,
     Adelphi Academy, Brooklyn; _B.H.-S._, Brookline High-School;
     _C.G._, Columbia Grammar-School, New York; _C.R._, Cedar Rapids
     High-School; _C._, Clinton High-School; _S.C._, Sioux City
     High-School; _H.H.-S._, Hillhouse High-School, New Haven.



  Association.            First.    Second.   Third.   Total.
                           Five       Two      One
                          Points.   Points.   Point.
  New England I.S.A.A.       6         6        4        46
  Connecticut H.-S.A.A.      4         1        3        25
  New York I.S.A.A.          3         4        0        23
  Long Island I.S.A.A.       1         1        0         7
  Iowa State H.-S.A.A.       0         1        4         6

     N. B.--Out of a possible 112 points only 107 were awarded, there
     being no second or third man in the mile run, and no third man in
     the high jump or the mile walk.

  School.                 First.    Second.  Third.  Total.
                           Five       Two     One
                          Points.   Points.  Point.
  Hartford School            3         0       3      18
  Barnard, N.Y.              2         2       0      14
  English High-School        2         1       0      12
  Phillips Andover           2         0       1      11
  Worcester Academy          0         3       3       9
  De La Salle, N.Y.          1         1       0       7
  Hillhouse High-School      1         1       0       7
  Worcester High-School      1         0       0       5
  Poly. Prep., Brooklyn      1         0       0       5
  Williston                  1         0       0       5
  Cedar Rapids               0         0       3       3
  Adelphi, Brooklyn          0         1       0       2
  Phillips, Exeter           0         1       0       2
  Brookline High-School      0         1       0       2
  Col. Grammar, N.Y.         0         1       0       2
  Clinton High-School        0         1       0       2
  Sioux City High-School     0         0       1       1

Now that the meeting is past and gone, it is very easy for most of us to
make comments and suggestions about what should have been done, but
these suggestions can be of little use to-day, unless they serve to help
matters for next year. Hind-sight is very much better than foresight,
and experience is much more valuable than either. If the officers of the
National Association, and all who are interested in the welfare of that
body, will work next year with wisdom acquired from this year's
experience, the field day of '97 ought to be a perfect one of its kind.
There are a great many things that I should like to say in this
Department about the meeting of the N.I.S.A.A., but there are none of
these reflections which cannot just as well be made a week or two hence,
when there will be more space at disposal, and when there will have been
more time for reflection with all of us. For the present I think that,
in spite of all the shortcomings of the first meeting, we have reason to
congratulate ourselves over the success of the day, and the promise it
holds out for the future.

The New York school-boys need waste no time in regret over the defection
of the Berkeley and Cutler teams. It is certain that had they been
present at the National meet, they could not have altered the result, so
far as victory is concerned. It is possible--it is even probable--that
New York might have secured second place, but nothing better. The
hurdles were 3 ft. 6 in. and 2 ft. 6 in. in the long and short events,
respectively, so that it is not exactly fair to compare the performances
in these events at the National games with those of the New York
Interscholastics, where the hurdles are lower. Nevertheless, Converse in
the low hurdles made better time than Harris, who won at the

To make a just comparison, we must leave the hurdles out of our
calculation and take only the other twelve events, which are the same on
both the National and the New York schedules. Of these twelve events
the performances at the National meeting were better in ten cases than
they were at the New York Interscholastics a few weeks ago. The two
which were not surpassed were the pole vault and the mile run. It is
probable that Hurlburt of Berkeley could have defeated Clapp. I am not
so sure that Turner of Cutler's could have defeated Sullivan, who won
the mile in 5 min. 10-1/5 sec. Turner could certainly not have defeated
Mills, but Mills was unfortunately ill, and unable to be present.
Sullivan ran second to Mills at the New England Interscholastics,
Mills's time being 4 min. 33-4/5 sec. Turner's time at the New York
Interscholastics was 4 min. 49-3/5 sec.

But it is hardly fair to compare Sullivan's time at the National games
with Turner's at the New York games, because Turner was pressed very
hard, and did his very best, whereas Sullivan ran around the track alone
at the Columbia Oval, there being no other contestant in the mile event;
furthermore, at the stretch of the third lap he thought he had finished
his mile and spurted, and almost stopped in front of the judge's stand,
when the officials called out to him that he still had another lap to
go; then he merely trotted the remaining 440 yards, so that of course
good time could not be expected. To carry on the speculation further,
and to make the comparison more complete, it may be stated that the
performances at the National games, besides being better in ten cases
out of twelve than the performances at the New York Interscholastic,
were better in six cases out of twelve than the N.Y.I.S.A.A. records.
The superiority is in the two dashes, the quarter, the half, the hammer,
and the shot. In the hammer, both first and second men at the National
games made better throws than Irwin Martin did, a few weeks ago, when he
set up the New York Interscholastic record at the Berkeley Oval. In the
shot, all three point-winners at the National games surpassed the New
York Interscholastic figures.

[Illustration: Jackson. Jones. Moore. Robinson.


[Illustration: Jones. Moore. Jackson.


It may clearly be seen from this that the field work at the Columbia
Oval was of a very high order. But better still were the performances in
the dashes and the middle distances. Jones of Andover defeated Moore of
Barnard in both the 100 and the 220, running the shorter distance both
in his heat and in the final in 10-1/5 sec. Jones is beyond any doubt
the best sprinter in the schools to-day, and gets down the path in
beautiful form. Moore was never so hard pushed in all his life, and also
ran beautifully, making a close race every time, and his defeat in his
heat was doubtless due to his desire to save his strength rather than to
the superiority of Robinson, who, however, ran much better in his heat
than he did in the finals. The 220 was anybody's race for three-quarters
of the distance, Moore and Jones running about even, with Jackson barely
a yard in the rear; but Jones, being much the stronger man, and with
decidedly more reserve force than Moore, managed to pull out a winner by
a couple of yards.

The quarter-mile was hotly contested, and proved a very pretty race.
Washburn of Barnard was the favorite, but he had two good men against
him in Robinson of Worcester and Luce of Hartford. The bunch went around
the turn at a brisk pace, and when half the distance had been covered
Whitcomb of Exeter developed unexpected speed, and pushed the New-Yorker
strongly. It was plain then that the real struggle was between these
two, and it was not until the last three yards of the race that Washburn
could feel sure of victory. Luce came in a good third.

[Illustration: Hanson. Hipple.


The half-mile was probably the hardest race of the day, and Hipple won
only after the hottest kind of a struggle with Hanson. The bunch started
off at a good pace, as may be seen from the record-breaking time made,
Bedford setting the pace. The Barnard man kept well in the lead for the
first lap, and then surrendered his position to his schoolmate. But the
New-Englanders had no idea of letting Hipple have an easy time of it,
and Hanson, Albertson, and Brown at once began to swing out for
position. Hipple stuck to his colors, however, and strained every nerve,
running beautifully, and on the stretch he and Hanson pulled away quite
perceptibly from the others. Hipple finished about five feet ahead of
the Boston man, and both were entirely played out when they crossed the
line, Hipple so much so that he was unable to enter the mile, a little

[Illustration: Beers. Edmands.


Both the hurdle-races furnished fine sport. Shirk of Worcester Academy
took the first heat, not being pressed very hard by O'Rourke, and the
second heat was an exceedingly hot race between Beers and Edmands, the
time, .16-3/5, being even faster than that of the final. In the final
struggle the race was clearly between Edmands and Beers, and the
New-Englander certainly ran in far better form than did the victorious
New-Yorker. Beers knocked over fully half the obstacles, whereas Edmands
only toppled one. I should pick Edmands as the winner in a contest with
Beers, both men being fresh. At the National games Edmands was throwing
the hammer when the hurdles were called, and he had to leave his
exhausting field work, without a chance for a rest, to start in his
heat, and again in the final. Considering this, his performance over the
sticks was exceedingly creditable. There were only three starters in the
low hurdles, and Beers got off the mark first. He had not gone far,
however, before Converse overtook him and soon passed him. Converse won
in the excellent time of 26-2/5 sec., Beers finishing about six yards
behind, with Peters almost on his heels. Beers ran in better form in the
low hurdles, although doubtless a little fagged from his two high-hurdle
heats. It is only fair to say for Beers that he has been in the habit of
running over the dwarfed high hurdles of the N.Y.I.S.A.A., and thus
Edmands, who has enjoyed the benefit of belonging to an association
which uses recognized standards in athletics, had a slight advantage
over the New York man.

The walk was a gift to O'Toole of English High, there being only one
other contestant, Blakeslee of Hillhouse. Inasmuch as the faculty of the
Hotchkiss School, Lakeville, did not allow any of the Hotchkiss men to
come down to the meeting, Eels, who made such a good record at the
Connecticut games, was not present. This is greatly to be regretted, for
he and O'Toole would doubtless have had a close struggle in that event.
The Boston man was pressed at no time, but he kept up a good pace, and
when he crossed the line he was half a lap ahead of Blakeslee.

There were no accidents in the bicycle race, for a wonder, and the
contestants actually raced from start to finish. The riders remained
pretty closely bunched for half a mile, Roehr of Long Island leading. At
the three-quarter post Poillon of New York dashed from the rear and took
the lead, but he was able to hold it for only half a lap, when the
others all put on steam and left him again at the tail. Roehr won in
good style, with another Brooklynite, Forney of Adelphi, second, and
Strong of Connecticut third.

The field events developed some excellent performances. There were only
two men who answered to the call in the high jump--Sturtevant and
Flournoy. The Connecticut man had the greater reputation, and the event
was conceded to him at once, although the Iowa athlete struggled
bravely, and cleared the very creditable height of 5 ft. 7 in.
Sturtevant showed good form, and went an inch higher. The pole vault was
also well contested, but the winner did not go so high as might have
been expected from the various performances that have occurred at
interscholastic meetings this year. Clapp, the winner, cleared 10 ft. 5
in., although he did an inch better at the New England Interscholastics,
where he vaulted 10 ft. 6 in., and took second to Johnson of Worcester
Academy. At the National games Johnson could only clear 10 ft. 3 in.,
and took second to Clapp.

Ingalls of Hartford, with Jones of Andover, enjoyed the honor of scoring
a double win. He took first place in both the hammer and the shot, and
his performances are something to be proud of. He established records in
both events which will probably stand for some years to come. Boyce of
Brookline High-School threw 125 ft. 3 in., and took second in the
hammer, Edmands of Worcester being third. The latter also took second in
the shot, coming within eight inches of the winner. Edmands is a very
good all-round athlete. Leo of Iowa took third in the shot, and was only
an inch behind Edmands.

Although every athlete who appeared at the National games is to be
congratulated on his sportsmanship, and on the determined way in which
he set about his work, especial commendation is to be given to the four
young men who came on all the way from Iowa. They were outnumbered by
every team, but they nevertheless succeeded in making creditable
performances, and in carrying off six points. They are not of the stuff
that goes home with a zero, and we may confidently expect, if Iowa sends
on a team next year, that the experience of the Iowans this spring will
have been profited by, and the Westerners will put up even a stiffer
competition than they did a week ago.


       *       *       *       *       *


is prevalent at all seasons of the year, but can be avoided largely when
they are properly cared for. _Infant Health_ is the title of a valuable
pamphlet accessible to all who will send address to the New York
Condensed Milk Co., N. Y. City.--[_Adv._]



Constable & Co

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_Silk-and-Wool Underwear, Merino_

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A cream-of-tartar baking powder. Highest of all in leavening
strength.--_Latest United States Government Food Report._


Sparkling with life--rich with delicious flavor, HIRES Rootbeer stands
first as nature's purest and most refreshing drink. _Best by any test._

Made only by The Charles E. Hires Co., Philadelphia.

A 25c. package mates 5 gallons. Sold everywhere.


[Illustration: Commit to Memory]

the best things in Prose and Poetry, always including good Songs and
Hymns. It is surprising how little good work of this kind seems to be
done in the Schools, if one must judge from the small number of people
who can repeat, without mistake or omission, as many as =Three= good songs
or hymns.

[Illustration: Clear, Sharp, Definite,]

and accurate Memory work is a most excellent thing, whether in School or
out of it, among all ages and all classes. But let that which is so
learned be worth learning and worth retaining. The Franklin Square Song
Collection presents a large number of

[Illustration: Old and New Songs]

and Hymns, in great variety and very carefully selected, comprising
Sixteen Hundred in the Eight Numbers thus far issued, together with much
choice and profitable Reading Matter relating to Music and Musicians. In
the complete and varied

[Illustration: Table of Contents,]

which is sent free on application to the Publishers, there are found
dozens of the best things in the World, which are well worth committing
to memory; and they who know most of such good things, and appreciate
and enjoy them most, are really among the best educated people in any
country. They have the best result of Education. For above Contents,
with sample pages of Music, address

Harper & Brothers, New York.


[Illustration: THOMPSON'S EYE WATER]

[Illustration: BICYCLING]

     This Department is conducted in the interest of Bicyclers, and the
     Editor will be pleased to answer any question on the subject. Our
     maps and tours contain many valuable data kindly supplied from the
     official maps and road-books of the League of American Wheelmen.
     Recognizing the value of the work being done by the L.A.W., the
     Editor will be pleased to furnish subscribers with membership
     blanks and information so far as possible.

[Illustration: Copyright, 1896, by Harper & Brothers.]

It is advisable at this point to leave Connecticut and Massachusetts and
describe one of the best--and practically the only--ways of going on a
wheel from the Hudson River to the Berkshire Hills. We have already
given in former numbers of HARPER'S ROUND TABLE the route from New York
city to Hudson, on the Hudson River. For any one making the trip from
New York city to the Berkshire Hills, the best route is to follow this
already described, and at Hudson to take the following trip to

Leave Hudson by Warren Street, and run along the trolley-line to the
Boston-Albany railroad tracks, and then make for what is called the
Columbia turnpike by turning to the left around the park, and still
keeping to the left into Green Street. Continuing along this road, you
will run into Claverack, four miles away. The road is good, but begins
to be hilly towards the last. Claverack is then left, the rider moving
eastward and taking the right turn, which carries him by the Red Mills.
Then comes a long ascent, and at the end of three miles Hollowville is
passed. The road runs clearly, and is practically unmistakable to
Martindale, and with the exception of the few hills, it is capital
bicycling. Four miles further on, Craryville is reached, the hills
becoming a little more frequent, but the road-bed is in such good
condition that all are rideable. Three miles further on you pass through
Hillsdale, and then run into South Egremont, and then, keeping to the
right on leaving South Egremont, climb a long hill with a long coast on
the other side, and by Maple Avenue run into Great Barrington. From
Great Barrington the road to Pittsfield, through Stockbridge, is along
the railroad track through Van Densenville to Housatonic, thence through
Glendale to Curtisville, through Stockbridge, and leaving Stockbridge
Bowl on the right, up West Street to Lenox. To go from Lenox take Main
Street and run direct into the town of Pittsfield itself.

[Illustration: STAMPS]

     This Department is conducted in the interest of stamp and coin
     collectors, and the Editor will be pleased to answer any question
     on these subjects so far as possible. Correspondents should address
     Editor Stamp Department.

One of the stamp papers reports that a Washington philatelist has had
two U.S. 1847 ten-cent stamps made up into a pair of cuff-buttons. This
is an old idea. I remember seeing a number of similar buttons many years
ago in Germany.

A rumor is current that a new series of stamps is under contemplation by
the U.S. government, or that there will be a change in the color of
several denominations.

The Olympian stamps continue to be used on letters received in New York,
and several foreign papers state that the set will be used until next
October, and possibly longer. The official report of the number printed
of the different denominations shows clearly that the speculating
element was in the mind of the officials of the Greek government. For
instance, they printed 20,000 of the 60-lepta stamp (12c.), and 50,000
of the 10 drachmai ($2). The 60 lepta advanced in price to $1.25 within
a few days, as all the 60 l. were sold out on the first day to a few
favored ones. The outcry from the other speculators was so loud that the
government ordered 50,000 more printed, and the price dropped to 30c. It
is a pity that the Greek government should humiliate itself in this way,
and the first step to make these Olympian stamps "regular" should be an
order to print as many copies of any denomination as may be asked for.
The stamps themselves are so pretty and interesting that every collector
wants to see them established as a regular issue.

     BEV.--The U.S. 1870 stamps were printed by the National Bank-Note
     Company. In 1873 the contract passed to the Continental Company.
     They added secret marks to the 1c., 2c., 3c., 6c., 7c., 10c., 12c.,
     and 15c., and probably to the 24c., 30c., and 90c.; but these last
     have not been identified to the satisfaction of all philatelists.
     In 1875 the American Bank-Note Company succeeded to the contract.
     They printed the stamps on a peculiar soft porous paper, which
     identifies their issues. They also added a secret mark to the 3c.
     stamp, and some years later they re-engraved the 1c., 3c., 6c., and
     10c. As to U. S. stamps on ribbed paper, I personally do not
     believe in them. I have seen many collections of unused U. S. in
     blacks, and never saw one on ribbed paper. The used stamps which
     looked like ribbed paper were probably accidentally produced by the
     paper to which they were affixed.

     W. K. DORT.--To answer all your questions would take at least two
     columns. U. S. Revenue stamps, perforated, are still very low in
     price, with the exception of the few scarce and rare stamps. You
     can get a full catalogue of all postage-stamps and of the U. S.
     Revenue stamps for 25c. from any responsible dealer.

     EDGAR HILL, 3612 Columbia Avenue, Cincinnati, O., wishes to
     exchange stamps.

     J. H. DE JARNETTE.--No premium on the coins.

     J. K. DENNON.--Postal cards are collected by some of our leading
     philatelists. As there is very little demand, the prices are low;
     but, on the other hand, dealers do not pay much attention to them,
     and carry very little stock. Personally I prefer adhesive postage
     stamps to U.S. Revenues.

     W. P. KELLMOND.--Dealers ask 15c. for the U.S. 1804 half-cent. No
     "flying eagle" cents are worth more than face, except the 1856,
     which can be bought for $4.

     A. HALL.--The Franklin-head U. S. carrier stamp used in 1851 is one
     of the rarest U. S. stamps. If the U. S. government had not
     reprinted this stamp it would be worth $250 to-day. The reprint was
     made on the same paper, with the same color of ink, and from the
     original plates.

     A. REICHMAN.--My advice is to keep all your stamps, whether
     duplicates or not, until you know more about them. Buy a catalogue,
     and carefully examine the stamps by it. After you have selected all
     the varieties, sell or trade the rest. Do not keep them, expecting
     to make a fortune by their rise in value. They may go up according
     to catalogue, but you will find it impossible to realize. Cornering
     stamps is about as unprofitable a thing as cornering stocks. For
     instance, so many people bought quantities of Columbian stamps on
     speculation that the dealers in New York are buying them at ten per
     cent. discount. One dealer bought a lot of nearly $11,000 face
     value at that rate, and the lot contained a quantity of the $1 and
     $2, which still other parties have cornered.

     E. R. N.--Your stamps are worth 5c. each. The only way to tell the
     date of issue is by reference to one who knows, or, still better,
     by reference to a catalogue which gives illustrations, dates,
     prices, etc. Such a catalogue you can buy of any dealer for 25c. or

     HAWLEY, PA.--1. "Pneumatic" envelopes are those used in Berlin,
     Paris, etc., for letters sent through the pneumatic post-tubes.
     Some day we hope our government will wake up and give us a
     pneumatic service in the large cities. 2. See answer to O. H.
     Schell. 3. Technical terms in stamp-dealing are too numerous to
     mention in one answer. 4. By looking carefully. 5. The centennial
     of the first settlement.

     R. H. ANDERSON, 121 East Forty-seventh Street, New York, wants to
     trade stamps for mineral or botanical specimens, or curios.

     E. B. BRADLEY.--You ask too much. Refer to a catalogue, which can
     be had of any dealer for 25c.

     H. BEVIS.--Unless you know what the genuine stamp is, or have a
     copy before you, you cannot expect to detect counterfeits.

     S. GARMLEY.--The 12c. 1872 is worth 50c. The 30c., worth 12c. The
     24c. is 1861 issue, worth 25c. Your 3c. 1861 is probably the rose,
     worth 1c.





Most Bicycles

The public is wise in values. It judges merit shrewdly. Bicycles of
unknown worth will not sell at $100--the Columbia price. We might just
as well offer Hartford Bicycles at $100, instead of $70, $65, $50, and
$45. Yet the

$50 Hartford

is a better bicycle than many of the machines listing at $100. One
hundred dollars is the right price for the unequalled, unapproached
COLUMBIA. Fifty dollars is less than the right price for Pattern 3 or 4
Hartford. Our prices are the same to all. You know what you are buying.

     Visit the nearest Columbia agent or send two 2-cent stamps for


General Offices and Factories, Hartford, Conn.

[Illustration: Hartford SINGLE-TUBE ... Tires]


are made of proper rubber, proper fabric, properly put together--proper
tires in every way. Make bicycling pleasure absolute.

     Hartford Tires are furnished with most bicycles of highest grade.
     Can be had on any.



New York. Philadelphia. Chicago.

Postage Stamps, &c.


to agents selling stamps from my 50% approval sheets. Send at once for
circular and price-list giving full information.

C. W. Grevning, Morristown, N. J.

[Illustration: STAMPS]

100 all dif. Venezuela, Bolivia, etc., only 10c., 200 all dif. Hayti,
Hawaii, etc, only 50c. Ag'ts w't'd at 50% com. List FREE! =C. A.
Stegmann=, 5941 Cote Brilliante Ave., St. Louis, Mo


50 Per Cent. Discount.

A. VANCE PIERSON, Morristown, N. J.

STAMPS! 100 all dif. Bermuda, etc. Only 10c. Ag'ts w'td at 50% com. List
free. L. DOVER & CO., 1469 Hodiamont, St. Louis, Mo.

THE NEW YORK SUN _on April 11, 1896, said of_



They are handsome and delightful all, and are as friends that one is
glad to see. They please the eye; the artistic sense is gratified by
them; they overflow with varied material for the reader. They educate
and entertain. They are the well-known and well-liked literary and
artistic chronicles of the time. They are a credit to their publishers
and to the discernment of the public that approves them. May they
continue to be as admirable as they have been and as they are. Better
could hardly be wished for them.

       *       *       *       *       *


[Illustration: THOMPSON'S EYE WATER]

       *       *       *       *       *

Bringing up a Humming-bird by Hand.

     Some time ago we found in an oleander-tree in our garden a
     humming-bird's nest. Our curiosity and interest were so great that
     we could not resist peeping into it. We found two tiny birds, only
     a few days old, and as there were several of us children examining
     it we shook the nest considerably, and as it seemed insecure we
     changed it. The mother bird did not return that day, and we feared
     that by our carelessness we had driven her off, but the next day
     she appeared.

     One of the birds fell from the nest and was killed, so that only
     one remained for us to watch. It happened that the tree was
     infested with ants, who soon discovered the little bird and bit it
     terribly. To relieve it I ventured to try and bring it up in the
     house, and so made a little nest out of cotton for it, and kept it
     on a shelf of flowers in my room. I fed it many times a day, on
     diluted honey, through a medicine-dropper. We were delighted to see
     that the little thing survived on this treatment, and we soon had a
     well bird on our hands.

     One day while in my room I heard a strange noise outside the
     window, and looking out, I saw the mother bird, who had caught
     sight of her little one inside on one of the flower-pots. The
     little one had learned to fly by this time, so I opened the window
     and the two flew away together. We felt that we had accomplished
     the "wellnigh impossible"--bringing up a humming-bird by hand.


       *       *       *       *       *

In Distant Australia.

     In the eastern part of Victoria, nestling among the mountains, lies
     Warburton, one of the prettiest countries in this colony. It is
     fifty miles from Melbourne and twenty-five from Lilydale, the
     nearest town from which the coach runs daily. The mountains are
     thickly covered with gum-trees, many of which reach the height of
     300 feet, and sometimes 400 feet. In the evenings the mountains
     vary in color from deep pink to a very deep purple, reflected from
     the setting sun. The effect is grand.

     In the valleys are beautiful gullies, full of ferns, varying in
     size from a foot to about sixty feet high. It is delightfully cool
     in the gullies, as they are pleasantly shaded by trees with closely
     matted tops that we often go and sit in, especially at a place
     where there are many comfortable swings and hammocks formed of bark
     which is shed from the gum-trees.

     These gullies abound with most of our native animals, such as
     bears, wallabies, wombats, dingoes, opossums, etc. Warburton has
     numberless creeks, and a river called Yarra Yarra, which is a
     native name, meaning flowing. The river is very winding, and is
     flecked with rocks here and there, and shaded by trees which bend
     their branches over to the water. The river is full of rapids and
     little cataracts, and is not navigable except within about twelve
     or fifteen miles of its mouth. It is a beautiful place in which to
     enjoy peace and rest.


       *       *       *       *       *

The Music Rack.

     Not long ago I read an explanation stating that to the public, not
     understanding music, classical music sounds like the tuning of
     instruments. Don't some of the Round Table Knights and Ladies think
     this an error? I think the strains of _Tannhäuser_ and Wagner's
     _Lohengrin_, as also _Träumerei_, _Bohemian Girl_, _Cavalleria
     Rusticana_, _Maritana_, and ever so many other masterpieces which
     are certainly classed as classics please anybody. Of course they
     have not any similarity to "Liberty Bell," "Maggie Murphy's Home,"
     and other compositions of this order, but they do please the
     masses. The Grand March from _Tannhäuser_ always does catch popular
     fancy. Also the "Bridal March" from _Lohengrin_.

     I have often heard _Martha_ played and treated to deafening
     applause, and no music-studied audience were the people who
     applauded. Have players ever heard that when rosining the bow they
     should not draw the bow up and down rapidly? A great many know
     this, but many more do not. The reason is because the bow becomes
     warm and melts the rosin and spoils the hair, whereas if you go
     slowly the rosin comes off crisp and fine. Another thing, for
     orchestra playing tighten the bow, but for solo playing leave it
     slack, as the sound is finer.

     I would be very glad to hear of some music Chapter, as I would like
     to join one.


       *       *       *       *       *

Why He Sawed Wood.

The Bishop of Pennsylvania was formerly a frontier or missionary bishop
in Nevada. While in the West he had a loyal friend in a man noted for
his big heart and his wonderful combination of profane words. He was the
possessor of a good carriage and a pair of fast horses, and was always
ready to stop swearing for half a day or long enough to take the Bishop,
whom he greatly admired as a man, out on worthy errands.

One day the Bishop had accepted the use of the team to go in search of
funds to build a small chapel. Passing a rough shanty at a smart pace
they saw a man before it sawing wood. The day was hot and the man

"Stop a moment," said the Bishop. The team was halted. "My good man,"
said the Bishop, addressing the wood-sawyer, "put on your hat. The sun
will bake your brain."

The man looked up in surprise, and then a look of disgust came over his

"D'you s'pose," said he, "that 'f I had any brains I'd be sawing wood in
this land of silver?"

[Illustration: THE CAMERA CLUB]

     Any questions in regard to photograph matters will be willingly
     answered by the Editor of this column, and we should be glad to
     hear from any of our club who can make helpful suggestions.


Gold coins and gold jewelry always contain alloy. Gold being too soft a
metal to use alone is mixed with some harder metal, so that the article
will wear longer. Pure gold is 24 carats fine. Before the metric system
was adopted, a mark--a gold coin--was used as the unit of standard
weight, and a carat is 1/24 of the weight of a mark. A carat is used to
express the proportion of gold in the alloy. If a coin is 22 carats
fine, it means that it contains 22 parts of pure gold. An article that
is 18 carats fine contains 18 parts of pure gold and 6 parts of alloy.
Gold coins contain so little alloy that it is not necessary to separate
the gold from the alloy; but if one is preparing chloride of gold from
old jewelry, in which are found perhaps only nine parts of pure gold, it
is best in using it for special work to separate the two metals. This
can be done with very little trouble.

Dissolve the gold in "aqua-regia," according to the directions given in
the last number of the ROUND TABLE. When it is dissolved and the acid
evaporated, dilute the chloride with clear water, and add a small
quantity of ferrous sulphate. This will cause the gold to be
precipitated, and it will settle to the bottom of the vessel in the form
of a brown powder, while the alloy will remain in solution. It will take
some time for the gold to settle, and when it is all deposited or
precipitated turn off the water carefully, wash the gold in distilled
water, and then redissolve it in fresh aqua-regia, following the
directions in our last paper on preparing chloride of gold. Ferrous
sulphate, the substance which precipitates the gold, is also called
sulphate of iron. It is a chemical compound, and the chemical formula is
FeSO_{4}+7H_{2}O, meaning that one atom of iron, one of sulphur, and
four of oxygen are added (+) to 7 molecules of water (7H_{2}O).

In the directions for preparing printing-paper for violet prints the
directions for the coloring-bath read as follows:


  Sel d'or               7-1/2 grs.
  Distilled water       15 oz.
  Hydrochloric acid      1 drachm.

A member of the Camera Club, wishing to try the formula, wrote to the
editor that he went to a druggist for the "sel d'or," but was unable to
obtain it, nor could the druggist tell him what it was. An explanation
was sent by mail, but we repeat it for the benefit of the club. "Sel
d'or" is a double salt of hyposulphite of soda and gold chloride. It is
formed by adding chloride of gold to a hyposulphite solution, and mixing
with alcohol. Take three parts of concentrated solution of chloride of
gold and one part of concentrated solution of hyposulphite of soda. Mix
thoroughly, and add alcohol till it is well covered. Shake well, and
then set it aside. The alcohol will cause the chloride of gold and
sodium sulphite to be precipitated in the form of delicate needlelike
crystals, almost transparent, and readily dissolved in water.

If one cannot, obtain "sel d'or" ready prepared, it is not much work to
prepare it. This double salts of gold is the form in which gold was used
for toning daguerreotypes in the early days of photography. The silvered
plate on which was the picture was coated with a solution of "sel d'or,"
and then heated. The gold was melted or decomposed by the heat and
deposited on the picture, giving it not only a beautiful tone, but also
preserving it. That this preparation made the picture durable is shown
from the fine daguerreotypes which, though taken so many years ago,
still retain almost their first freshness.

     SIR KNIGHT W. BAKER asks if there is any difference between a
     sulphite and bisulphite. A sulphite is a salt formed by the union
     of sulphurous acid with a base. For instance, sulphite of soda is a
     _salt_ formed by the union of sulphurous acid and sodium, the
     sodium being the _base_. A bisulphite is a sulphite in which the
     metal has replaced but half the hydrogen in the acid. "Bi," used
     chemically, means that the compound contains two equivalents of the
     substance named.

     SIR KNIGHT LESTER R. MOSS asks which camera to buy--a "B." daylight
     or a Kodak, both same price. Would advise a Kodak with glass plates
     for a beginner. A camera in which films are used is not so
     satisfactory as one for glass plates, and one can learn how to
     manage a camera much better if plates are used. Sir Knight Lester
     asks how he may become a member of the Round Table. Your name has
     been placed on the membership list. To become a member all that is
     required is that one should send name and address, and state that
     he wishes to become a member.

     SIR KNIGHT F. G. CLAPP sends grateful acknowledgment for query
     answered in the ROUND TABLE for March 31.

     Will Max Miner be kind enough to write to the editor and give the
     name of the camera which he used in making the picture, reproduced
     in the ROUND TABLE, called "Sweeping a Sliding-Place"? A member of
     the Camera Club is anxious to know. Will Sir Max also add the name
     of lens and plate used?


     This Department is conducted in the interest of Girls and Young
     Women, and the Editor will be pleased to answer any question on the
     subject so far as possible. Correspondents should address Editor.

I am fond of perfumes myself, and so I know just what Elizabeth Rosa
means when she sighs: "Oh, how I wish I could have all the violet
extract I want! But I cannot afford to buy it, and nobody ever gives me
any, except sometimes Aunt Susie at Christmas. There is Lettie, whose
writing-paper always reminds you of flowers, a faint far-away sweetness,
and Norah, who leaves a dream of roses in the room she has been sitting
in, and Eleanor, whose gowns have a delicate fragrance; but there, it's
of no use; I am poor, and I can't compete with those girls!"

Really, my dear, your style is poetical. A dream of roses is very
impressive. Now let me give you one or two secrets of perfume.

To have your writing-paper, whether note or letter size, or a plain
businesslike pad, carry with it a breath of dainty sweetness, you must
keep it in tightly closed boxes in which are little packets of orris
powder. Your bureau drawers will be perfumed, and the perfume will creep
into your handkerchiefs and ribbons and your under-clothing if you will
line the drawers with tissue-paper; sprinkle this with powdered orris,
and lay a sheet of tissue-paper above it. A prettier way is to make a
sachet the exact size of your drawer by quilting orris powder between
folds of China silk. Little bags of silk filled with orris and kept in
the pockets of your gowns will give them a very delicate fragrance.

A pronounced perfume is vulgar. You must have merely a suggestion of
it--a whiff--gone in a breath, not a coarse heavy odor which makes your
friends think of musk or patchouly. Perfume poured from a bottle is apt
to scent a handkerchief too strongly to please a fastidious taste. You
may use your cologne or your violet essence a few drops at a time in the
water in which you bathe, or you may finish your toilet by wetting your
hands with a tiny drop or two of your favorite perfume. Liquid perfumes
must be used sparingly.

In toilet soaps for the face and hands select the nicest you can afford.
Do not be afraid to use soap on your face. At least once a day wash it
thoroughly with warm water and soap, as only thus can you get rid of the
dust which clogs up the fine lace-like net-work of the skin. Make a
lather and rub the face thoroughly. Then wash it off with clean water.

I may add that fresh rose leaves sprinkled plentifully in bureau drawers
or in the linen closet give a very agreeable perfume to their contents.
And we have all heard of the delicate sweetness of sheets and
pillow-slips laid away in lavender.

Remember that the nicest people are fastidiously clean. The dainty girl
uses a dash of ammonia in the bath, and keeps everything belonging to
her spotlessly neat. Clothing should be frequently changed, and every
detail of a girl's should be fresh and pure. One who is careful in this
way needs no perfume in her toilet.


[Illustration: Ivory Soap]

No other soap is found in so many homes.




We wish to introduce our Teas, Spices, and Baking Powder. Sell 75 lbs.
to earn a BICYCLE; 50 lbs. for a WALTHAM GOLD WATCH AND CHAIN; 25 lbs.
for a SOLID SILVER WATCH AND CHAIN; 10 lbs. for a beautiful GOLD RING;
50 lbs. for a DECORATED DINNER SET. Express prepaid if cash is sent with
order. Send your full address on postal for Catalogue and Order Blank to
Dept. I

W. G. BAKER, Springfield, Mass.



Nos. 303, 404, 170, 604 E.F., 601 E.F.

And Other styles to suit all hands.




The great fashion magazine of the world. None excels it in its
field.--_Chicago Inter-Ocean_, Feb. 22, 1896.

10 CENTS A COPY - $4.00 A YEAR

[Illustration: THOMPSON'S EYE WATER]

Charles Carleton Coffin's


       *       *       *       *       *

  THE BOYS OF '76.

_A History of the Rebellion in Four Volumes:_


     _Nine Volumes. Profusely Illustrated. Square 8vo, Cloth,
     Ornamental, $3.00 each._

Mr. Coffin avoids the formality of historical narrative, and presents
his material in the shape of personal anecdotes, memorable incidents,
and familiar illustrations. He reproduces events in a vivid, picturesque
narrative.--_N. Y. Tribune._

Mr. Coffin writes interestingly; he uses abundance of incident; his
style is pictorial and animated; he takes a sound view of the inner
factors of national development and progress; and his pages are
plentifully sprinkled with illustrations.--_Literary World_, Boston.

       *       *       *       *       *

Published by HARPER & BROTHERS, New York.


       *       *       *       *       *

The Professor was crossing a small lake in Ireland. After admiring for
some time the way his boatman, John, handled the oars, he thought he
would like to try and row. John, nothing loath, surrendered the blades,
and the Professor essayed the task of rowing. Things developed rapidly
into a shower-bath as the oars splashed this way and that, and finally
catching a crab, the learned gentleman landed with a crash in the bottom
of the boat, very nearly upsetting it.

"Well, well," said the Professor, "rowing is quite a difficult thing,
after all. Dear me, how my back aches!"

"Faith, yer know," said John, "it's all in the sculls."

The Professor is still pondering over what John said; whether he meant
the oars or the heads of the oarsmen. The sly twinkle of John's eyes
when he said it rather inclines him to believe the latter.

       *       *       *       *       *


TOMMY. "Isn't it funny, mamma, that these eels live in the wide, wide

MAMMA. "I don't think it's funny, Tommy."

TOMMY. "Well, I do; I should think them built for narrow winding

       *       *       *       *       *

Patrick was lying in bed in a hospital. He had been brought in a few
days before after a severe fall from the top story of a building on
which he had been working. With all his suffering he never lost his
cheerful spirits, and livened up many of the other patients with his
bright remarks and short stories. The doctor happened along, and asked
him how he felt.

"Fairly well, doctor; this right leg of moine is a very ungrateful
spalpeen consitherin' that it wuz only broke in wan place whin it moight
have been smashed in a dozen."

"How did you fall, Patrick?" I asked. "Did you lose your head?"

"Faith, no; sure it was me footin' oi lost."

"What time did it happen?"

"Well, oi wuzn't so sure before I fell, but I wuz thinkin' comin' down
that it wuz near dinner hour, an' oi wuz convinced of that same as oi
passed the second story, fer oi saw the people in there atin' dinner."

       *       *       *       *       *

In the days of Emperor William the cadets in Berlin were obliged to
adhere very closely to the rules of their respective academies. They
were not allowed to go to entertainments at night without the escort of
an elder relative. One evening, a cadet thinking he would escape
observation, slipped into an entertainment, and taking a back seat
quietly enjoyed the performance. He presently entered into conversation
with his neighbor, a very pleasant gentleman. An academy officer passing
spotted him, and the cadet, seeing that he had been observed, whispered
to his new acquaintance, "Will you be my uncle?"

The gentleman, understanding the position of the cadet, smilingly agreed
to be his uncle. Next morning the cadet was sternly called from the

"You broke the rules last night, sir."

"Yes, sir," replied the cadet; "but I was with my uncle."

"Hum! Well, your uncle last night happened to be the Crown Prince, and
he wrote me this morning begging that you should be let off. Remember
next time that your alliance with the royal family is a strict military
one only."

       *       *       *       *       *


WILLIE. "I know why the Chinese send all their fire-crackers over here?"

MAMMA. "Why, Willie?"

WILLIE. "Why, because they don't have any Fourth of July over there."

       *       *       *       *       *


  I love to watch the pin-wheel go
    A-spinning round so free,
  To make its goldfish dive into
    The starry night's black sea.

       *       *       *       *       *

A ticket-seller in a theatre once owned a parrot that was quick at
learning to repeat the phrases he heard. Thus, among other things, he
was soon able to exclaim, "One at a time, gentlemen! one at a time,
please!" for this sentence was constantly in the mouth of his master.
The ticket man went to the country for a summer vacation and took the
educated parrot along with him. One day the bird got out of his cage and
disappeared. His owner searched all about for him, and finally toward
evening found him despoiled of half his feathers sitting far out on the
limb of a tree, while a dozen crows were pecking at him whenever they
could get a chance. And all this time the poor parrot, with his back
humped up, was edging away and constantly exclaiming, "One at a time,
gentlemen! one at a time, please!"

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