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Title: Harper's Young People, July 4, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, July 4, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


       *       *       *       *       *


Tuesday; July 4, 1882. Copyright, 1882, by HARPER & BROTHERS. $1.50 per
Year, in Advance.

       *       *       *       *       *

[Illustration: "ORDER ARMS!"]



"Halloa, the house! Jedediah! Jedediah Petry! Mrs. Jedediah! Cadmus!
_Are_ you all deaf this morning? Come, come!"

Dr. Flaxman stood up in his old chaise before the door of the last white
cottage in Wicketiquok village, and shouted until he was purple in the
face. The nine-o'clock June sun shone bright upon the closed green
blinds. A broom and a watering-pot rested in the open doorway; but the
broom and the pot seemed to be the only members of the Petry family
ready to receive an early morning call. No marvel that Dr. Flaxman grew
impatient, said several things to himself, and was just making ready to
get out of the chaise and tie his new horse, when all at once a boy came
running around the house corner, calling: "Good-morning, Doctor. Did you

"Did I call?" echoed the Doctor, cuttingly. "Well, Cadmus Petry, I
should rather say that I did. Are you the only member of the family up
at this time o' day? Cadmus, I want your father."

"Can't have him, Doctor," replied the lad. "Pop's gone up to Lafayette
by the early train."

"There, now!" exclaimed the Doctor, appearing much disturbed by this
answer. "So I've missed him, after all my trouble! Well, where's your

"Gone with father. I'm keeping house for 'em. They won't come back
before evening. They were going to take dinner at Grandfather Fish's in
the town, and then go to Lawyer Gable's, on some important business,
they said; something about buying some more land, I believe."

"That's just it, Cadmus," said Dr. Flaxman, looking still more vexed and
perplexed. He ran his sharp eye all over the boy from head to foot, and
then continued: "Look a-here, Cadmus. You're a pretty smart youngster,
and I think you'll have to help me--eh?"

"Yes, sir," replied Cadmus, quietly.

"Your father is going to buy a part of a farm to-day up in Lafayette,
and he's getting it a good deal on my advice. He asked me to go and look
at it and make some inquiries, and I did. Now I've got a letter here, my
boy, that just alters my whole judgment of the matter. I wouldn't have
your father make that bargain without first seeing this letter for
anything you can think of. It came this morning. Now couldn't you go
right up to Lafayette, catch your father and mother before they go to
the lawyer's office, and give him this letter--without fail? I can't go
myself, because Judge Kenipe's so low since yesterday; but I'll send a
telegram ahead of you to tell your father to wait until you come."

Cadmus's face was puckered as he stood thinking. "You see, there's no
train from here now, Doctor, until afternoon, and that'll be too late.
The express don't stop, going through our village. Hello! I'll walk down
to the Junction, and get on her there. She has to stop there always.
That'll do it. Give me the letter, Doctor."

Dr. Flaxman looked greatly relieved. He laughed, and held it out of the
chaise, with a regular battery of directions. "Now recollect, I depend
on you, Cadmus," he added, switching his black horse, and moving away.
"I'll send the dispatch. You've more than an hour to get down to the
Junction. Got money enough for your fare? All right. Good-by." And the
chaise rattled off.

Cadmus darted into the house, and locked that up securely. A moment
later he was striding manfully down the road, bound for Rippler's
Junction, a couple of miles below the village. Presently the
daisy-bordered road crept alongside the level railway. A freight train,
steaming and rumbling along, seemed to offer Cadmus a noisy hint, so he
soon transferred himself to the track (a thing he had been soundly
lectured for doing before this morning), and tramped along on the uneven
ties, whistling as he rounded curves, like a locomotive itself--only
locomotives don't, as a general thing, whistle "Captain Jinks." Soon
Rippler's Mountain rose up in the distance before him. The railroad
passed directly through this by a tunnel. At the other end of it lay
Rippler's Junction, whither Cadmus was bound to catch that 10.15
express. A wagon-road ran smoothly over the top of the mountain, and
came down into the town, and that was at his service. But Cadmus,
hastening along toward the great black hole in the hill-side, and
fancying himself to be in a much greater hurry than occasion at all
required, began to ask himself why, if the railroad went through the
mountain instead of over it, he, Cadmus Petry, shouldn't save time by
doing the same thing.

Had not those dozen lectures as to walking on the railroad been given
him? Hadn't Cadmus heard that even an old and experienced "hand"
dislikes nothing worse than walking through a tunnel--had rather even do
a regular job of repairing in it? Did not everybody know that the
Rippler's Junction Tunnel was uncommonly narrow, close, and continually
shot by freight, coal, or passenger trains? To meet such in quarters so
dark and dangerous requires, indeed, a very cool head and steady nerves.
There comes to every man or boy a time in his life when he does a
foolish or a rash thing. This was such a moment for Cadmus Petry. The
great hole loomed up before him in the hill's rocky side. He looked up.
Over his head, nailed to the side of the brick facing, was a black
sign-board, on which, in white letters, Cadmus read the following
encouraging words:







The lad hesitated, wavered, then gave his head a rather defiant toss,
and exclaiming, half aloud, "Sorry; but I'm in a hurry, and I can save
ten minutes by you," walked forward into the smoky gloom before him,
leaving sunlight and safety behind his back.

Cadmus was at first rather surprised to find his novel journey less odd
and disagreeable than he had anticipated. There was very little smoke in
the tunnel at so short a distance from one of its mouths. Daylight
straggled in behind the boy's back, lighting up the road-bed with a gray
distinctness. It brought out deep black shadows along the jagged walls
of rock, and turned the rails before him to polished silver ribbons.
Cadmus walked inward as fast as he could; occasionally he ran. By-and-by
he noticed a curious sight upon turning his head. Far behind him lay the
entrance by which he had come in, now dwindled to a third of its size,
and with the air and landscape outside of it become a bright orange--an
effect sometimes noticeable if one is well within the interior of a
tunnel and looks outward. But the light amounted to worse than none by
this time. Cadmus could not see his footing after a few yards further.
He began stumbling badly in another minute. Hark! What was that low dull
rattle that echoed to the boy's ears? The sound increased to a roll,
then to a booming roar. A train was on its way toward him from daylight.
From which end was it approaching? Cadmus dared not stop to think; he
leaped aside, put out his hand, and felt the rough rocky wall.

He pressed himself closely against this, his heart thumping until he
could scarcely stand. Was there space enough for safety between himself
and the train rushing down toward him? He dared not try to determine
now, for his ears were stunned, his breath taken away, as, ringing,
hissing, and thundering in the darkness, what must have been a heavy
freight train roared past the boy. Half choked with smoke, shaking in
every limb and nerve, the unlucky lad tottered from his terribly narrow
station, and began running forward as well as he might. Never before had
he imagined how terrible a thing was a train of cars at full speed. He
shook with terror at the idea of meeting another. A quarter of a mile
before him yet!

Another? Before he had thought the word again, his quick ear caught its
shriek as it approached from the opening, which it seemed to Cadmus that
he should never reach alive. He caught again the booming crash of its
advent into the mountain's heart. Cadmus caught his breath, sick with
nervousness and fear. This time the space between the rail and the rock
seemed so dreadfully narrow--and it was, in truth, some inches less than
a few yards back. Nevertheless, Cadmus staggered into it, stood as
straight against the side wall as he could, his face toward it, and with
his head thrown a little upward. His enemy sped toward him, and seemed
to scorch and deafen and grind the boy with its whirling wheels as it
shot behind his very shoulders. Cadmus's hat was blown off, and no more
heard of, as no locomotive capped with a small brown chip astonished the
natives on its way to Oswego. But a slight accident like the flying away
of one's hat can be an important matter under such conditions. The
sudden whizz of wind about him and the snap of his hat guard gave a
start to the terrified boy. He lost his balance, and half crouched, half
fell, not between those unseen wheels rolling so near, but sidelong.

The red flash of the lanterns on the platform of the last car fell on
his bent figure as the train thundered away into the darkness beyond.
Cadmus found his feet, doubtful if he were a hearing, breathing, and
generally living boy or not. But the smoke rolled past. Gleams of light
filtered through it. The worst was over, and Cadmus was safe--well
scratched and bruised, and as close to being "frightened to death" as
most persons ever have been.

A few moments later a hatless, grimy, almost unrecognizable boy emerged
from the Junction end of the tunnel, and picked his way toward the
dépôt, trembling, but quite bold enough to decline sharply to answer any
questions that the interested switch-tenders and signal-men fired about
his ears. There was a pump handy; so Cadmus contrived to make a very
imperfect toilet before that 10.15 express came along, which spun him,
bare-headed, back over the road he had come, toward Lafayette and his

Mr. and Mrs. Petry were sitting in the old dining-room at Grandfather
Fish's, still in a state of mystification about the telegram they had
received from the Doctor.

"What'll Lawyer Gable an' that man think of me?" exclaimed Mr. Petry.
"Here 'tis half an hour after time, and Cadmus not here yet. How was he
to come up with any letter, I'd like to know? He couldn't get aboard a
train that didn't stop at Wicketiquok."

At which moment the door opened, and Cadmus strode manfully into the
room. "Good-afternoon, grandpa," he exclaimed, quite composedly, holding
out a very dirty white envelope toward the other members of the group.
"Hello, father! here's that letter Dr. Flaxman telegraphed you about,
and--and I walked through the tunnel to get the express. I suppose I'll
have to be whipped."

Although it can not be said that Cadmus, in the course of the desired
explanation which followed, succeeded in convincing Mr. and Mrs. Petry
that his walking through the tunnel had been a very necessary part of
his important errand, two things may be truthfully stated: first, that
after reading Dr. Flaxman's letter, Mr. Petry at once decided not to buy
"that farm"; and second, that Cadmus did not "have to be whipped," but
went home with his parents on the afternoon train, quite subdued in
spite of a brand-new straw hat. As they shot through the tunnel, his
mother said, in a low voice, "What a mercy you weren't killed, Cadmus,
you thoughtless fellow!"

That was about as true a thing as any one ever said about the affair.


      Through the dusty street
      And the broiling heat,
  To the sound of the stirring drum,
      With a martial grace
      And measured pace,
  See the proud young patriots come!

      Why march they so,
      With martial show,
  These sons of patriot sires?
      What glorious thought,
      From the dim past caught,
  Their brave young hearts inspires?

      Sure the souls of boys
      Love din and noise,
  And they love to march along
      To the ringing cheers
      That greet their ears
  From the loud-applauding throng.

      But a grander thought
      In their breasts hath wrought
  Than the love of vain applause,
      For strong and deep
      Is the mighty sweep
  Of their love for Freedom's cause.

      They have heard the tale
      Of the hero Hale,
  They have read of Washington,
      And they know full well
      How Warren fell
  Ere the fight was scarce begun.

      And the long grand scroll
      Of the muster-roll
  Of Freedom's patriot band,
      With hearts aflame
      At each noble name,
  Their eager eyes have scanned.

      And now, as they hear
      Loud cheer on cheer
  Roll out like a mighty wave,
      They think of the bold
      Brave men of old,
  And the land they died to save.

      March on, brave boys,
      With your din and noise,
  Through the hot and dusty way,
      And strong and sweet
      May your hearts e'er beat
  For glad Independence-day!



At sunrise on the Fourth of July the national flag is hoisted on all
public buildings in the city of Mexico. Its pretty green, white, and red
stripes wave as gayly in the sunshine as the star-spangled banner waves
in the breeze sweeping over our own dear country, and the eagle in the
white central stripe fiercely clutches the snake in its beak and claws
as if it rejoiced in putting to death even a symbol of treachery.

Now the Fourth of July is not a holiday in Mexico, and if you were there
you would wonder why so many flags were flying. Stop the first boy you
meet in the street, no matter if he is a poor little Indian, and he will
tell you it is because it is the Independence-day of the great sister
republic, the United States of North America.

How many readers of YOUNG PEOPLE know the date of the Independence-day
of the United States of Mexico? They have such a day, which is kept with
great rejoicings, ringing of bells, booming of cannons, and no end of
popping fire-crackers.

Spanish rule had long been very heavy and oppressive for the inhabitants
of Mexico, and on the Sixteenth of September, 1810, a small company of
men, led by a priest named Hidalgo, issued a proclamation calling upon
the Mexicans to rise against their tyrannical Spanish rulers. The
people were not well organized; and although their desire for liberty
was very strong, it took many years of hard fighting to drive the
Spaniards out of the country. It was not until 1821 that Mexico gained
her freedom. Hidalgo and other early leaders of the revolutionary
movement had been killed by the Spaniards, and the people were not as
yet wise enough to make good use of their liberty. They had been
oppressed so many years that they did not know how to form a true
republic. The first thing they did was to proclaim a man named Iturbide
Emperor of Mexico. The people owed much to Iturbide, for it was by his
skill and good generalship that they gained their freedom; but they
should not have made him an Emperor. He oppressed the people so much
that they soon had to rise again and drive him from the country.

It took the Mexicans many years to learn how to live under a republican
government. They had many revolutions and much trouble, but they loved
liberty, and went to work bravely to learn how to use it wisely. They
abolished slavery more than fifty years ago, and the Constitution under
which the people are now living peacefully and happily is very much like
the Constitution of the United States. Every fourth year they elect a
President. The name of the man now in office is Manuel Gonzalez.

The Sixteenth of September, the day on which the poor priest Hidalgo and
his little band of patriots issued the proclamation against Spanish
rule, is observed all over Mexico as a glorious Independence-day.

At sunrise the bells ring merrily, cannons are fired from all the forts,
and thousands of little boys begin a lively sport with torpedoes and
fire-crackers. Then during the day come public meetings with patriotic
speeches, and splendid military parades with joyous martial music.

As evening draws near, the impatience, especially of the little Indian
boys, grows so great for the fire-works to begin that long before sunset
they send up fire-balloons of bright-colored paper, and when it is dark
the air is full of these flying stars. The boys are very skillful in
making these balloons, and a boy will often have a great number of them,
which he has made himself, all ready to send up on that glorious


The fire-works are like those in this country. But there is one very
curious piece, in which the Indians take special delight. They would not
think it was Independence-night if they could not burn a "_toro_," the
Spanish word for bull. The bull is made on a frame covered with thick
leather, and pin-wheels and stars are fastened all over it. A light
frame-work is built on the bull's back as a support for spiral
fire-works and Roman candles. A young Indian takes this bull on his
head, the projecting leather sides protecting him from any danger from
falling sparks. A pin-wheel is ignited, which soon extends its fire over
the bull's whole body. The young Indian scampers up and down the street,
preceded by boys who make all the noise they can on little drums. The
crowd of spectators runs after him, shouting with delight. The bull
burns furiously, he shakes a fiery tail, his eyes are two glaring balls,
and he darts green and red and yellow sparks from his nostrils. He is a
very fierce creature, and the crowd of Indians laugh and scream as he
rushes at them. His back is a tower of fire, sending forth small aerial
bombs. At last his rage is over, the pin-wheels which covered his sides
revolve slower and slower, and with a final sputter disappear. His eyes
grow dim, and he is a very forlorn bull. The young Indian who has had
the honor of carrying him in his glory and strength emerges from the
blackened frame, and the crowd goes home to bed declaring that there
never was such a fierce and magnificent bull.

On Fourth-of-July morning the readers of YOUNG PEOPLE must remember that
the flags are flying in their honor in the city of Mexico, for in all
honor done to our country every American boy and girl has a share.

And on the Sixteenth of September do not forget that it is
Independence-day in Mexico, and that all the boys and girls in that
country are having a "splendid time," and that at night the young
Indians will be sure to burn a "_toro_."


[1] Begun in No. 127, HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE.





The sails were not in a remarkable state of preservation, or Captain
Whetmore would not have taken them from his vessel; but Reddy explained
that the holes could be closed up by pasting paper over them, or by each
boy borrowing a sheet from his mother and pinning it up underneath.

One of the sails was considerably larger than the other; but Reddy had
also thought of this, and proposed to make them look the same size by
"tucking one in" at the end. Bob returned before the sails had been
thoroughly inspected, and brought with him the coveted flag, thus
showing he had been successful in his mission.

"Now let's put it right up, an' then we can build our ring, an' do our
practicin' there instead of goin' up to the pasture," suggested Ben.

Since there was no reason why this should not be done, Bob and Ben
started for the woods to cut some young trees with which to make a
ridge-pole and posts, while the others carried the canvas out-of-doors,
and made calculations as to where and how it should be put up.

When they commenced work, they had no idea but that it would be
completed before supper-time; but when the village clock struck the hour
of five, they had not finished making the necessary poles and pegs.

"We can't come anywhere near getting it done to-night," said Toby,
surprised at the lateness of the hour, and wondering why Aunt Olive had
not called him as she had promised. "Let's put the sails back in the
barn, an' to-morrow mornin' we can begin early, an' have it all done by

There was no hope that they could complete the work that night.
Therefore Toby's advice was followed; and when the partners separated,
each promised to be ready for work early the next morning.

Toby went into the house, feeling rather uneasy because he had not been
called; but when Aunt Olive told him that Abner had aroused from his
slumber but twice, and then only for a moment, he had no idea of being
worried about his friend, although he did think it a little singular he
should sleep so long.

That evening Dr. Abbot called again, although he had been there once
before that day; and when Toby saw how troubled Uncle Daniel and Aunt
Olive looked after he had gone, he asked, "You don't think Abner is
goin' to be sick, do you?"

Uncle Daniel made no reply, and Aunt Olive did not speak for some
moments; then she said, "I am afraid he staid out too long this morning;
but the doctor hopes he will be better to-morrow."

If Toby had not been so busily engaged planning for Abner to see the
work next day, he would have noticed that the sick boy was not left
alone for more than a few moments at a time, and that both Uncle Daniel
and Aunt Olive seemed to have agreed not to say anything discouraging to
him regarding his friend's illness.

When he went to bed that night he fancied Uncle Daniel's voice trembled
as he said, "May the good God guard and spare you to me, Toby boy!" but
he gave no particular thought to the matter, and the sandman threw dust
in his eyes very soon after his head was on the pillow.

In the morning his first question was regarding Abner, and then he was
told that his friend was not nearly so well as he had been; Aunt Olive
even said that Toby had better not go into the sick-room, for fear of
disturbing the invalid.

"Go on with your play by yourself, Toby boy, and that will be a great
deal better than trying to have Abner join you until he is much better,"
said Uncle Daniel, kindly.

"But ain't he goin' to have a ride this mornin'?"

"No; he is not well enough to get up. You go on building your tent, and
you will be so near the house that you can be called at any moment, if
Abner asks for you."

Toby was considerably disturbed by the fact that he was not allowed to
see his friend, and by the way Uncle Daniel spoke; but he went out to
the barn, where his partners were already waiting for him, feeling all
the more sad now because of his elation the day before.

He had no heart for the work, and after telling the boys that Abner was
sick again, proposed to postpone operations until he should get better;
but they insisted that as they were so near the house, it would be as
well to go on with the work as to remain idle, and Toby could offer no
argument to the contrary.

Although he did quite as much toward the putting up of the tent as the
others did, it was plain to be seen that he had lost his interest in
anything of the kind, and at least once every half-hour he ran into the
house to learn how the sick boy was getting on.

All of Aunt Olive's replies were the same: Abner slept a good portion of
the time, and during the few moments he was awake said nothing, except
in answer to questions. He did not complain of any pain, nor did he
appear to take any notice of what was going on around him.

"I think it's because he got all tired out yesterday, an' that he'll be
himself again to-morrow," said Aunt Olive, after Toby had come in for at
least the sixth time, and she saw how worried he was.

This hopeful remark restored Toby to something very near his usual good
spirits; and when he went back to his work after that, his partners were
pleased to see him take more interest in what was going on.

The tent was put up firmly enough to resist any moderate amount of wind,
but it did not look quite so neat as it would have done had it not been
necessary to perform the operation of "tucking in" one end, which made
that side hang in folds that were by no means an improvement to the
general appearance.

The small door of the barn, over which the tent was placed, served
instead of a curtain to their dressing-room; and at one side of it, on
an upturned barrel, arrangements were made for a band stand.

Mr. Mansfield's flag covered the one end completely, and all the boys
thought it gave a better appearance to the whole than if they had made
it wholly of canvas.

The ring, which Reddy marked out almost before the tent was up, occupied
nearly the whole of the interior; but since they did not intend to have
any seats for their audience, it was thought there would be plenty of
room for all who would come to see them. The main point was to have the
ring, and to have it as nearly like that of a regular circus as
possible, while the audience could be trusted to take care of itself.

The animals to be exhibited were to be placed in small cages at each
corner. Reddy had at first insisted that each cage should be on a cart
to make it look well; but he gave up that idea when Bob pointed out to
him that six mice or two squirrels would make rather a small show in a
wagon, and that they would be obliged to enlarge their tent if they
carried out that plan, even provided they could get the necessary number
of carts, which was very doubtful.

In the matter of getting sheets from their mothers they had not been as
successful as they had anticipated. No one of the ladies who had been
spoken to on the subject was willing to have her bed-linen decorating
the interior of a circus tent, even though the show was to be only a
little one for three cents.

Reddy was quite sure he could mend one or two of the largest holes if he
had a darning-needle and some twine; but after he got both from Aunt
Olive, and stuck the needle twice in his own hand, once in Joe
Robinson's, and then broke it, he concluded that it would be just as
well to paste brown paper over the holes.

Of course, the fact that a tent had been put up by the side of Uncle
Daniel's barn was soon known to every boy in the village, and the rush
of visitors that afternoon was so great that Joe was obliged to begin
his duties as door-keeper in advance, in order to keep back the crowd.

The number of questions asked by each boy who arrived kept Joe so busy
answering them that, after every one in town knew exactly what was going
on, Reddy hit upon the happy plan of getting a large piece of paper, and
painting on it an announcement of their exhibition.

It was while he was absent in search of the necessary materials with
which to carry out this work that the finishing touches were put on the
interior; and the partners were counting the number of hand-springs Ben
could turn without stopping, when a great shout arose from the visitors
outside, and the circus owners heard a pattering and scratching on the
canvas above their heads.


"Mr. Stubbs's brother has got loose, an' he's tearin' round on the
tent!" shouted Joe, as he poked his head in through a hole in the flag,
and at the same time struggled to keep back a small but bold boy with
his foot.

Toby, followed by the other proprietors, rushed out at this alarming bit
of news, and sure enough there was the monkey dancing around on the top
of the tent like a crazy person, while the rope with which he had been
tied dangled from his neck.

It seemed to Toby that no other monkey could possibly behave half so
badly as did Mr. Stubbs's brother on that occasion. He danced back and
forth from one end of the tent to the other, as if he had been a
tight-rope performer giving a free exhibition; then he would sit down
and try to find out just how large a hole he could tear in the tender
canvas, until it seemed as if the tent would certainly be a wreck before
they could get him down.





Part II.

With their privations, insubordination increased. Some separated
themselves from the rest, and settled a league away; some built a boat,
and going up the lagoons about the island, were never heard of more.
Worse than all, some in authority misbehaved themselves, especially a
midshipman named Cozens, who had gained some influence over the men.

Cozens had a dispute with the surgeon; then he quarrelled with the
purser, and was unquestionably of a mutinous disposition. Still it is
certain that Captain Cheap exceeded his powers when he drew out a pistol
and shot Cozens down. What was worse, he refused permission for the
wounded man to be carried into the tent, "but allowed him to languish
for days on the ground, and with no other covering than a bit of canvas
thrown over some bushes," until he died.

Unhappily Captain Cheap distinguished himself in nothing but severity.
He never shared the sufferings of his men when he could help it; and
though our narrator, Midshipman Byron, stuck to him to the last, it is
plain he thought him a worthless creature.

This loyal young fellow was of good family, and became grandfather of
the great Lord Byron, into whose imagination never entered stranger
things than actually befell his ancestor.

The midshipman had built a little hut, just big enough to contain
himself and a poor Indian dog he found straying in the woods. To this
animal in his misery he became much attached. But a party of seamen came
and took the dog by force, and killed and ate it. Indeed, three weeks
afterward, when matters became much worse, Byron himself, recollecting
the spot where the poor animal had been killed, "was glad to make a meal
of the paws and skin which had been thrown aside."

The straits to which they were by that time reduced sharpened their
ingenuity to the utmost. The boatswain's mate, having procured a water
puncheon, lashed a log on each side of it, and actually put to sea in
it, like the wise men of Gotham in their bowl, and with the assistance
of this frail bark he provided himself with wild fowl while the others
were starving. Eventually he suffered shipwreck, but was so little
discouraged by it that out of an ox's hide and a few hoops he fashioned
a canoe "in which he made several voyages."

In the mean time the hope of all these poor people lay in the building
of a vessel out of the materials of the long-boat, with other timber
added. This task was at last accomplished. Captain Cheap's plan was to
seize a ship from the enemy, and to join the English squadron; but the
majority of the hundred men, to which number starvation had reduced the
castaways, were in favor of seeking a way home through the Straits of

About this there arose a quarrel, and eventually the men threw off the
Captain's authority altogether, left him on the island, and sailed away.
A lieutenant of marines, Byron, and a few others remained with him.
These were presently joined by some deserters who had settled on another
portion of the island, so that their number now amounted to about

Their only chance of escape was in the barge and yawl, which in the
absence of the carpenter were patched up so as to be fit for a
fine-weather voyage. Even now their scanty stock of useful articles was
diminished by theft, and two men were flogged by the Captain's orders,
and one placed on a barren islet void of shelter. Two or three days
later, on "going to the island with some little refreshment, such as
their miserable circumstances would admit, and intending to bring him
off, they found him stiff and dead."

All this time the weather was very tempestuous, but the occurrence of
one fine day enabled them to hook up three casks of beef from the wreck,
"the bottom of which only remained." These being equally divided,
recruited for the time their lost health and strength.

On the 15th of December they embarked, twelve in the barge and eight in
the yawl, and steered for a cape apparently about fifty miles away. But
ere they reached it a heavy gale came on. The men were obliged to sit
close together, to windward, in order to receive the seas on their
backs, and prevent them from swamping the boats, and they were forced to
throw everything overboard, including even the beef, to prevent
themselves from sinking. As it was, the yawl was lost with half its

The survivors, with the occupants of the barge, reached a small and
swampy island, where bad weather confined them for days. There they ran
along the coast, generally with nothing to eat but sea-tangle. At length
they ate their very shoes, "which were of raw seal-skin."

It now became evident that the barge could not accommodate the whole
party with safety, and as it had become a matter of indifference whether
they should take their wretched chance in it or be left on this
inhospitable coast, they separated. "Four marines were left ashore, to
whom arms, ammunition, and some necessaries were given. At parting they
stood on the beach and gave three cheers" (what cheers they must have
been!) "for their comrades. A short time afterward they were seen
helping one another over a hideous tract of rocks. In all probability
they met with a miserable end."

Finding it impossible to double the cape, which had been the object of
their journey, the rest returned to Mount Misery and Wager Island. Here
they found some Indians, the chief of whom, on promise of the barge
being given him, promised to guide them to the Spanish settlements.

Upon this voyage their sufferings, notwithstanding what they had already
undergone, may be said to have commenced. Mr. Byron at first steered the
barge, but one of the men dropping dead from fatigue and exhaustion, he
had to take his oar. Just afterward, John Bosman, "the stoutest among
them," fell from his seat under the thwarts with a cry for food. Captain
Cheap had a large piece of boiled seal in his possession, but would not
give up one mouthful. Byron having five dried shell-fish in his pocket,
put one from time to time into the mouth of the poor creature, who
expired as he swallowed the last of them.

Having landed in search of provisions, six of the sailors took an
opportunity of deserting in the barge, leaving Captain Cheap, Lieutenant
Hamilton, Mr. Byron, Mr. Campbell, and the surgeon--in short, all their
surviving officers behind. The Cacique, as the Indian chief was called,
had now no motive to assist them save the hope of possessing Byron's
fowling-piece, and of receiving an immense reward should they ever be in
a position to pay it. It was with difficulty that they could persuade
him to continue his assistance. His wife, however, arrived in a canoe,
and in this frail craft, which held but three persons, the chief took
the young midshipman and Captain Cheap on a visit to his tribe. After
two days' hard labor, in which we may be sure the Captain did not share,
they landed at night near an Indian village. The Cacique gave the
Captain shelter, but the poor midshipman was left to shift for himself.
He ventured to creep into a wigwam where there was a fire, to dry his
rags. In it were two women, "one young and handsome, the other old and
hideous, who had compassion on him, gave him a large fish, and spread
over him a piece of blanket made of the down of birds." The men of the
village, fortunately for him, were absent, and for some time he was well
cared for by his two kind hostesses.

Byron's life here was a romance in itself. The occupation of the women
being to provide fish, he accompanied them in their canoe with the rest.
"When in about eight or ten fathoms of water, they lay on their oars,
and the younger of the women, taking a basket between her teeth, dived
to the bottom, where she remained a surprising time. After filling the
basket with sea-eggs, she rose to the surface, delivered them to her
companion, and taking a short time to recover her breath, dived again
and again."

When the husband of these two women returned, he expressed his
dissatisfaction at the kindness they had shown the stranger by taking
them in his arms and brutally dashing them against the ground. But
notwithstanding this, these good creatures "still continued to relieve
the young midshipman's necessities in secret, and at the hazard of their

After a while the whole party returned to Mount Misery, where they found
those they had left on the verge of starvation, and in the middle of
March they embarked in several canoes for the Spanish settlements. The
surgeon now succumbed to his labors at the oar; Campbell and Byron rowed
like galley-slaves, but Hamilton, strange to say, did not know how to
row, and Captain Cheap "was out of the question." He and the Indians had
seal to eat, but the rest only a bitter root to chew; and as to
clothing, Byron's one shirt "had rotted off bit by bit."


The party landed, and the canoes were taken to pieces. Every one, man
and woman, with the usual exception of Cheap, had to take his share of
them; Byron had, besides, to carry for the Captain some putrid seal in
canvas. "The way being through thick woods and quagmires, and stumps of
trees in the water which obstructed their progress," the poor midshipman
was left behind exhausted.

After two hours' rest, and feeling that if he did not overtake his
companions he was lost indeed, he started after them without his burden.
But on coming up with them he was so bitterly reproached by the Captain
for the loss of his seal and canvas that he actually returned five miles
for them. After two days of absence from his companions he again
rejoined them, in the last extremity of fatigue, but "no signs of
pleasure were evinced on their part."

Eventually, after days of terrible suffering, they reached the Spanish
settlements at Castro, where, strange to say, they were received with
humanity. But as to eating, "it would seem as if they never felt
satisfied, and for months afterward would fill their pockets at meals in
order that they might get up two or three times in the night to cram
themselves." Even Captain Cheap was wont to declare that "he was quite
ashamed of himself," from which we may certainly infer that their
conduct was gluttonous indeed.

The Englishmen, though well fed, received no clothing, and were carried
through the country by the Governor of Castro in a sort of triumphal
progress. At one place a young woman, the niece of the parish priest,
and bearing the appropriate name of Chloe, fell in love with young
Byron. He did not wish for this union, but he confesses that what almost
decided him to become her husband was the exhibition by her uncle of a
piece of linen, which he was promised should be made up at once into
shirts for him if he would consent. "He had, however, the resolution to
withstand the temptation."

From Castro the English officers were taken to Santiago, the capital of
Chili, where a Spanish officer generously cashed their drafts on the
English consul at Lisbon. They received the sum of six hundred dollars,
with which sum they purchased suitable equipments. They remained at
Castro two years on parole, and eventually reached France, and thence
escaped to England, after a series of hardships and adventures such as
have rarely been equalled, and which were "protracted above five years."

The adventures of the eighty men who had left Wager Island in the
long-boat were little less terrible. Many perished of starvation, and
those who had money or valuables offered unheard-of prices for a little
food. "On Sunday, the 15th of November," for example, "flour was valued
at twelve shillings a pound, but before night it rose to a guinea."
There was a boy on board, aged twelve years, son of a Lieutenant Capell,
who had died on the island. His father had given twenty guineas, a
watch, and a silver cross to one of the crew to take care of for the
poor boy, who wanted to sell the cross for flour. His guardian told him
it would buy clothes for him in the Brazils, whither they were bound.
"Sir," cried the poor boy, "I shall never live to see the Brazils; I am
starving. Therefore, for God's sake, give me my silver cross." But his
prayers were vain. "Those who have not experienced such hardships,"
observes the narrator of this scene, "will wonder how people can be so
inhuman.... But Hunger is void of compassion." Of the eighty men only
thirty survived to reach England by way of Valparaiso.



  Five of us farmer's children, and one from a city street
  Who never in all his lifetime knew that the roses were sweet;
  And he's come to us pale and frightened, but he'll soon grow plump and
  So, Rover, old fellow, you hear me: just gallop and gallop along,

  And carry this poor little patient--for that's what he is, they say--
  Down where the willows are gazing into the brook all day.
  And go like the wind, dear Rover, you shall rest when the work is done
  And we'll give you part of our dinner, and more than half of the fun.

  Mother was ever so happy when father came up the road
  Bringing this boy for a visit; he wasn't much of a load.
  And we'll feed him on cream and biscuits, and give him the best of care,
  A bed that is soft as clover, and the very freshest of air.

  But, Rover, all that would be nothing--I see that you're looking wise,
  And shaking your shaggy coat, dear, and laughing out of your eyes--
  Nothing, unless we loved him, and gave him plenty of play
  So hurrah for our little patient, and, Rover, scamper away.



I remember the accident well enough, though it happened nearly forty
years ago.

There is no doubt about it, every genuine school-boy takes a keen
delight in the Fourth of July. There is an inherent love of squibs and
crackers, wheels and blue-lights, among lads, while a good flare-up of a
bonfire is looked upon as almost indispensable.

When I was a boy I had a strong liking for cannon. I might have become
an Armstrong, a Rodman, or a Dahlgren, if nothing had interfered to
prevent the development of my tastes in that direction. But-- Ah, that
"but"! It is as troublesome as the "if" which spoils so many good

Would the boys like to hear the story? I began with a formidable piece
of ordnance--an eighty-one-grain gun. It was an old key that I had
picked up somewhere, and I tell you it made a very good miniature
cannon. I was even more proud of it than of my first pair of boots, for
I had manufactured it all myself. I felt that I had converted a useless
old piece of iron into a weapon of modern warfare. At the end of the
tube I filed a priming hole, fastened it to a wooden gun-carriage, and a
jolly good bang I got out of it. Larger keys followed, and then brass
cannon mounted on wheels, until somehow or other I got possessed--I
can't remember how--of a monster cannon.

No common cast-brass toy this, but a homespun, wrought-iron gun: an iron
bar, drilled, as near as I remember, with a three-quarter-inch drill; an
unscientific-looking instrument, quite ignorant of lathe and
emery-paper, but one that would and did go off.

Various small trial charges had been set off, until, on Fourth of July
it was determined by a select committee on heavy ordnance, assembled in
my father's garden, that in the evening an experiment should be made
that would determine once for all its full powers.

We had had a good deal of fun of one kind and another all day, but for
me nothing was one-half as interesting as that cannon. It seemed as if
all the other boys in the neighborhood thought so too, for when the
critical hour arrived there was something over two dozen of us in the
garden. We formed a circle around my cannon, and the business of loading
began. A fire-poker was secured for a ramrod, and a real good charge was
rammed home. In the excitement of the moment the poker was left in the

A heap of soil at the end of the garden was chosen as the "earthwork,"
on which our big gun was fixed, pointing upward, though unnoticed by us,
point-blank at the parlor windows. A small heap of shavings was put
around the weapon, and one was appointed to light it. "To cover!" at
once was the order, and each one rushed to a safe place. I tremble at
this moment when I remember that, a second before the explosion, the
inevitable small boy rushed from one cover to another right in front of
the cannon's mouth.

What a bang! and what a crash! Oh, horror! Four panes of glass gone at
once, the window-frame broken, and-- We did not act the coward and fly.
No, boys, never turn coward if you get into a scrape--and few boys of
spirit but do sometimes get into one. Stand your ground, boys, and bear
or pay whatever is fairly earned. Some of us stood our ground until
father appeared. He had been a boy himself once, and though he looked
very serious he did not scold us. At the first brush it was set down to
atmospheric concussion, but on further investigation it was found that
the brick-work was chipped and the wood-work broken; and, worse still,
inside the parlor was found the fatal poker doubled up, having just
escaped a splendid crystal chandelier hanging in the middle of the room.
How crest-fallen I felt and looked! Father said that to remind me of the
necessity of care in handling such a dangerous toy, I should pay for two
of the panes. You can imagine I was glad not to be more severely

That cannon was never again fired by me. The hair-breadth escape of that
small boy haunts me even now. I have never fired a gun in my life; but
for experimental purposes I have handled the strongest explosives,
including the notorious dynamite; yet never in my life has such a thrill
passed through me as did when I realized the almost miraculous escape of
my playmate, when the doubled-up projectile was picked up on our parlor

Boys, let an old one beg of you to be careful in handling explosives.
Don't touch guns or pistols until you have a little more age upon you,
lest some playmate or school-fellow meet with an untimely end. Don't
reckon upon the lucky escape I had of being unintentionally a murderer.



"I'd like to have been Joan of Arc."

"And I, Queen Elizabeth."

"Who would you have chosen, Winnie?"

"The idea of asking a girl who is afraid in the dark!" said a sneering

"It _is_ rather absurd," replied brown-eyed Winnie, though she flushed a
little uncomfortably, "but," she continued, "I have told you, Lulu, that
I am trying to conquer that."

"What makes you afraid, anyhow?" queried Joan of Arc.

"I really don't know. I suppose somebody must have scared me when I was
too little to remember."

"Pshaw! you're afraid of burglars," said Queen Elizabeth.

"Yes, she goes poking under her bed every night with a cane," said the
sneering voice.

"I don't," said Winnie, indignantly.

"Well, who would you like to have been, Winnie?"


"Oh, what a fib! Now don't get mad, Winnie, sweetie;" and Joan of Arc
put her arm around her.

"I am not mad, but I just will not tell you who I admire most: tortures
sha'n't get it out of me."

"Try her!" "Try her!" was shouted in chorus; and one seized her
inkstand, another her pile of books, and a third was about to eat up her
luncheon, when a tap of the bell announced that recess was over.

A week after this incident, one warm day in May, the teacher stopped the
class as it was filing out, and said, "Who can go see why Jennie Jessup
does not come to school?"

No one answered. It had been so tiresome a day, and all were eager to
get home, Winnie especially, as she had been promised a little outing--a
pleasant sail to Staten Island, an evening with friends, and a glimpse
of blue waters and green fields. At the same time she thought to
herself, "I pass the house she lives in. Perhaps I might just take time
to stop."

The teacher seemed to divine her thoughts. "I wish you would go, Winnie.
You're not afraid?"

"Afraid of what?"

"Well, she may be sick, and sometimes girls don't like to go to strange

"I am not afraid. I'll go," said Winnie, just a little proudly, as the
girl passed her who had twitted her with being afraid in the dark.

Winnie picked up her books and trudged off. "How nice it will be to get
out of the hot city!" she thought; "and what lovely lilacs I shall bring
home! I wonder if their roses are out yet, and the syringas! And what
nice teas Mrs. Graham always has!--so much better than a dinner such a
day as this! And perhaps Rob will take us out sailing. Anyway, the trip
up and down the bay will be delightful."

So she went on anticipating, until she came to Jennie Jessup's house. It
was one of a block which had seen better days, but which now was
degenerating from contact with the crowding business of the city.

She knocked at a door. No one replied. The occupants had gone to their
daily duties, and had not returned. She mounted another pair of stairs.
A partly open door had a small card tacked on it, upon which was the
name "Jessup." She knocked. No answer. Again she tried. This time a
far-away "Who is it?" was whispered.

"Can I come in?" asked Winnie, pushing the door gently before her.

"If you're not afraid," was the reply. It fairly stung Winnie.

"What should I be afraid of?"

"Why, of me," said Joan of Arc, in muffled accents. "Hush! don't wake
mother; she's just tired out, and here am I sick in bed. Perhaps you had
better not come in."

"I will, though," said Winnie; "that is, if it is right. I don't want to
catch anything, and take it home to the children."

"I don't think it is catching. My head ached awfully, and the doctor was
thinking it might turn out to be something contagious; but that fear is
over. Oh, Winnie, is it not dreadful to be sick?"

Poor Joan of Arc was lying in a small, dark room, and in a large chair
beside her was a pale-faced woman asleep. On an easel was an unfinished
crayon head; here and there were sketches, scraps of pictures, as if
done to test a color or a method. The afternoon sun was pouring a dusty
flood of light on the faded carpet.

Winnie turned as if to go--were not Bob and Mary Graham waiting for her?
she could fairly hear the splash of the water against the side of the
boat. Joan of Arc turned a pale, longing face toward her.

"Oh, don't go, Winnie!"

"Do you want me?"

"Oh, so much! Mother is really ill herself. She has nursed me night and
day, and tried to finish that crayon too--it is an order; but she is
worn out--poor mother!"

Winnie moved about uneasily, thinking of lilacs and roses and syringas
and the boat, but after a while she tore a slip from a copy-book and
wrote a little note to her grandmother, telling the good old lady where
she was. Then she turned to poor pale little Joan, bathed her, smoothed
her pillows, and gave her the medicine which was to be taken.

Slowly the hours went by; no going to Staten Island this time. The clock
ticked away, the jangling bells and whistles quieted down, doors opened
and shut, people had their dinners and teas. The street grew quiet, and
little pale-faced Joan slept softly and restfully, with one hand in
Winnie's. Ten, eleven, twelve o'clock struck. Winnie must have dozed,
but now she was wakened by little Joan's arousing.

"Oh, Winnie, I am _so_ thirsty!"

"Yes, dear; here is some water."

"But I _would_ so like to have some milk."

"Where is it, Jennie?"

"Down-stairs we have a closet under the stoop, and there's an ice-box
there. A lump of ice in the milk would be so delicious!"

"So it would. Shall I get it?"

"Yes, only-- Oh dear! Winnie, you don't like going down in the dark."

No, indeed, she didn't; but what was to be done?--waken poor Mrs.
Jessup, and undo all the good that had been done? On the other hand rose
visions of horror--bats, rats, meeting midnight prowlers, all sorts of
indescribable fears without really any cause, the echoes of a frightened
childhood, when some foolish nurse had used the rod of fear to control a
sensitive nervous little one who could easily have been led by love.

"Where is the key, Jennie, and the pitcher?"

"The key is just here in this little drawer, and you will find a pitcher
down there. But don't go if you are afraid, Winnie. I will try to wait
till morning."

"Now or never," thought Winnie, and she plunged out into the darkness.
The effort gave her courage. Down, down, down she went. The candle
flared and flickered; she was sure it would go out, but she had put a
match or two in her pocket. She reached the door, unlocked it, poured
the milk, and cracked the ice, when with a chill of horror a hoarse
laugh broke the midnight stillness.

It seemed close beside her, above her, around her. For an instant she
stood as if paralyzed; then she would have sped like the wind, but a
voice said, "Can't you let me in?"

Winnie looked up; there was a little grating over the heavy outer door.
A face, young, handsome, but shadowed with the marks of ill-doing, was
watching her curiously. Winnie shook her head.

"Who are you, anyhow, and what are you doing in my mother's closet?"

Winnie's voice shook. "I am a friend of Jennie's. She is sick. I am
taking care of her. Do you live here?"

"Sometimes. It's a pretty time of night for a fellow to be out, isn't
it? Well, if Jen's sick, I'll stay away. Here, give her this;" and
between the narrow grating was slipped a bill.

Winnie picked it up. The face disappeared: ah! what a sorry tale it had
told! She forgot her fears, but her heart ached for the toiling mother
and sick little sister when son and brother was of this sort. Upstairs
she went, seeing nothing alarming now in the darkness; all her visionary
fears had fled. But little Joan saw her white face and wide-open eyes.
Drinking the milk eagerly, she sank back on the pillow with a sigh of
satisfaction. Winnie said nothing, and Joan slept like a baby.

When morning came, Mrs. Jessup arose rested, refreshed, and so grateful
to Winnie that she felt repaid for the little sacrifice she had made;
and then she told Mrs. Jessup of the night's occurrence, and gave her
the money.

"My poor boy!" was all the mother said, as tears rolled down her
face--"my poor boy!" but it told of sorrow, disappointment, and grief
which even Winnie could hardly understand.

When Joan kissed Winnie good-by that morning, she whispered, "I know who
you are like, and whom you would rather be than all the queens in the

"Who, Jennie?"

"Florence Nightingale."

"Yes, you have guessed rightly," answered Winnie, who not for one moment
regretted her postponed jaunt, her sleepless night, nor anything she had

Once having conquered, she had now no more trouble with fears in the

And the jaunt came in due time, and little Joan's room was made sweet
and bright with roses and syringas that Florence Nightingale brought
from her excursion.

But she never forgot that night.



We've had a most awful time in our house. There have been ever so many
robberies in town, and everybody has been almost afraid to go to bed.

The robbers broke into old Dr. Smith's house one night. Dr. Smith is one
of those doctors that don't give any medicine except cold water, and he
heard the robbers, and came down-stairs in his nigown, with a big
umbrella in his hand, and said, "If you don't leave this minute, I'll
shoot you." And the robbers they said, "Oho! that umbrella isn't
loaded;" and they took him and tied his hands and feet, and put a
mustard plaster over his mouth, so that he couldn't yell, and then they
filled the wash-tub with water, and made him sit down in it, and told
him that now he'd know how it was himself, and went away and left him,
and he nearly froze to death before morning.

Father wasn't a bit afraid of the robbers, but he said he'd fix
something so that he would wake up if they got in the house. So he put a
coal-scuttle full of coal about half-way up the stairs, and tied a
string across the upper hall just at the head of the stairs. He said
that if a robber tried to come upstairs, he would upset the
coal-scuttle, and make a tremendous noise, and that if he did happen not
to upset it, he would certainly fall over the string at the top of the
stairs. He told us that if we heard the coal-scuttle go off in the
night, Sue and mother and I were to open the windows and scream, while
he got up and shot the robber.

The first might, after father had fixed everything nicely for the
robbers, he went to bed, and then mother told him that she had forgotten
to lock the back door. So father he said, "Why can't women sometimes
remember something," and he got up and started to go down-stairs in the
dark. He forgot all about the string, and fell over it with an awful
crash, and then began to fall down-stairs. When he got half-way down, he
met the coal-scuttle, and that went down the rest of the way with him,
and you never in your life heard anything like the noise the two of them
made. We opened our windows, and cried murder and fire and thieves, and
some men that were going by rushed in and picked father up, and would
have taken him off to jail, he was that dreadfully black, if I hadn't
told them who he was.

But this was not the awful time that I mentioned when I began to write,
and if I don't begin to tell you about it, I sha'n't have any room left
on my paper. Mother gave a dinner party last Thursday. There were ten
ladies and twelve gentlemen, and one of them was that dreadful Mr.
Martin with the cork leg, and other improvements, as Mr. Travers calls
them. Mother told me not to let her see me in the dining-room, or she'd
let me know; and I meant to mind, only I forgot, and went into the
dining-room, just to look at the table, a few minutes before dinner.

I was looking at the raw oysters, when Jane--that's the girl that waits
on the table--said, "Run, Master Jimmy; here's your mother coming." Now
I hadn't time enough to run, so I just dived under the table, and
thought I'd stay there for a minute or two, until mother went out of the
room again.

It wasn't only mother that came in, but the whole company, and they sat
down to dinner without giving me any chance to get out. I tell you, it
was a dreadful situation. I had only room enough to sit still, and
nearly every time I moved I hit somebody's foot. Once I tried to turn
around, and while I was doing it I hit my head against the table so hard
that I thought I had upset something, and was sure that people would
know I was there. But fortunately everybody thought that somebody else
had joggled, so I escaped for that time.

It was awfully tiresome waiting for those people to get through dinner.
It seemed as if they could never eat enough, and when they were not
eating, they were all talking at once. It taught me a lesson against
gluttony, and nobody will ever find me sitting for hours and hours at
the dinner table. Finally I made up my mind that I must have some
amusement, and as Mr. Martin's cork leg was close by me, I thought I
would have some fun with that.

There was a big darning-needle in my pocket, that I kept there in case I
should want to use it for anything. I happened to think that Mr. Martin
couldn't feel anything that was done to his cork leg, and that it would
be great fun to drive the darning-needle into it, and leave the end
sticking out, so that people who didn't know that his leg was cork would
see it, and think that he was suffering dreadfully, only he didn't know
it. So I got out the needle, and jammed it into his leg with both hands,
so that it would go in good and deep.


Mr. Martin gave a yell that made my hair run cold, and sprang up, and
nearly upset the table, and fell over his chair backward, and wasn't
there a circus in that dining-room! I had made a mistake about the leg,
and run the needle into his real one.

I was dragged out from under the table, and-- But I needn't say what
happened to me after that. It was "the old, old story," as Sue says when
she sings a foolish song about getting up at five o'clock in the
morning--as if she'd ever been awake at that time in her whole life!

[Illustration: "CHERRIES ARE RIPE."]

[Illustration: OUR POST-OFFICE BOX.]

Three cheers for the Fourth of July! What American boy does not love it?
Where is the little girl who is not glad when it arrives? We hope you
will all have a splendid time on the happy holiday, meet with no
accidents, and when night comes, go to bed, to enjoy pleasant dreams.

Vacation has come to many of you by this time. You have said good-by to
school and teachers, and have laid aside lessons and slates for a while.
Be out-doors all you can in these bright summer days, and lay in a good
stock of health for future use when the play spell is over.

We think you will all be pleased with the feast Our Post-office Box
gives you in this Fourth-of-July number.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Have you ever seen a Kansas dug-out? If you have not, I will write
     you a description of one. In the first place, a hole is dug in the
     ground four or five feet deep, and walled up with limestone or
     sandstone about six feet high, and covered with a dirt roof. They
     make these dirt roofs by putting a log lengthwise of the building,
     and laying poles crosswise; then they cover the poles with
     sunflowers, and place hay next, and on top of that usually a foot
     or more of dirt. They usually have earth floors, and sometimes
     there isn't a solitary window. I have seen dug-outs built of sod.
     Wouldn't you like to live in such a house, where it is a common
     thing for mice to tumble into the water bucket? The Wiggle I send
     is a picture of the dug-out we used to live in when we first came
     here. Will you please give it to the Wiggle master?

     We had a beautiful sunset not very long ago. It was grand. It had
     been raining, and it slacked up as the sun was going down. Off in
     the north-west there were some very black clouds; one of them
     looked like a whale's back, another like a volcano in action. In a
     few minutes they changed shape, and the best idea I can give of
     them is a lot of giants contending together. The clouds seemed to
     come clear to the ground. Papa said he never saw anything like it
     before. The most beautiful of all was the rainbow. There was at
     first a perfect arch, with rays of glory coming from the centre. In
     a few minutes there was a reflected rainbow. All the time that the
     rainbows lasted there was a very peculiar light, which I can't

     Papa and I are alone here, and I have to do the cooking. We will
     begin to harvest next week. I am to have fifty cents per day for
     cooking. I hope my letter is not too long to be published.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little boy nine years old. Papa takes HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE
     for my sister and me, and we like it very much. I have had the
     pneumonia, and have been kept in the house two weeks, but that is
     not so bad as it is for the little boy I read about in Our
     Post-office Box who had to stay in the house two months, and can
     not walk yet. I feel so sorry for him! I have a pet cat, and I love
     it very dearly.


By this time, Ruliff, I hope you are well, and able to fire off
torpedoes as gayly as did the boys in Miss Porter's story.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I wrote a letter some time ago, and have been watching for it ever
     since, and I was much disappointed, and think perhaps you did not
     get it, and I thought I would try again. I have three little
     sisters, and they all enjoy HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE, and I think
     "Toby Tyler" was the best story in it, and we have great laughs
     over Jimmy Brown. We have five hens, and they all lay eggs; we get
     four or five every day. Papa and I are gardening to-day, and we
     have a lovely garden, and it is pretty hard work attending to it,
     and we have hard times looking after our chickens; they dig holes
     in the ground with their feet, and we are trying to shut them up
     for the summer.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little girl nine years old. I have no pets except four
     dolls. One has not any head. Their names are Maud, Mabel, Emily,
     and Sadie. I wish somebody would write more fairy stories. I am
     very fond of them. I used to live in Brooklyn, and like it much
     better than here. I am glad Mr. Otis has written more about Toby
     Tyler, because I like him very much. My brother and I had scarlet
     fever this winter, but we are all well now. I like HARPER'S YOUNG
     PEOPLE very much. I have had it since it began. We have a parrot
     here who cries like a baby and then imitates a nurse singing to it.
     We go to the country every summer.


What a charming parrot! Who taught him to cry and sing so cleverly? Dear
Bessie, can not you put a new head on the poor dolly who has not any? I
feel quite sad on her account.

       *       *       *       *       *


  Now, Bumble-bee, you just keep still; you needn't jump and buzz.
  I've had such a time to catch you as never, never wuz.
  I've chased you round the garden; a-cause I didn't look,
  I almost fell right over into that drefful brook.
  And I'm going to put you in it, though I s'pose you think you're hid.
  For last week you stung my pussy; you know very well you did.
  Yes, and you made us 'fraid that she was going to have a fit,
  She jumped up so, and tried to catch the place where you had bit.
  Yes, I shall surely drown you. But p'r'aps you've got a home,
  And your little ones will wonder why you don't ever come;
  And I think p'r'aps you're sorry you went and acted so:
  If you'll only wait till I run away, _I b'lieve I'll let you go_.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I have been taking YOUNG PEOPLE ever since it was published, and I
     like it very much. This is the first letter I have ever written to
     Our Post-office Box. We have a nice little pet canary-bird and a
     little monkey. We have had the monkey four years, but we can not
     tame him. Last winter it was so cold that once he was almost
     frozen. At first we thought he was dead, and mamma was about to
     throw him away, when she saw him move. Then she took him by the
     stove to warm him, and he got well again.


       *       *       *       *       *



"Halloa! Walter, wake-up!" cried Georgie. "Don't you know it's the
Fourth of July, and we must get up and celebrate it? All the rest of the
folks are going to the Town-Hall to hear a speech and get their dinner,
and we'll have a good time by ourselves. Do you know what the Fourth of
July is for?"

"No," answered Walter, in a very sleepy way.

"Well, I do; mamma told me last night. It's the anniversary of the time
when the United States made up their mind to take care of themselves.
That was more than a hundred years ago; that's ever so long, mamma says.
Now to-day, Walter, you and I will be like the United States, and take
care of ourselves; that's what independence means, and this is
Independence-day. Say, Walter, don't let anybody know that I told you,
but I heard papa telling mamma that he's going to s'prise us each with
lots of fire-works. Now I guess you'll wake up."

"Guess I will, too," said Walter, springing to his feet.

It did not take the boys long to dress. Sure enough they were surprised
and delighted when to each was given a toy gun and a package of
torpedoes, and then they were left to amuse themselves.

"Tell you what I'll do," said Georgie. "I'll make an oration, and you
must be the audience, and when I get through, you must clap very hard,
and make me do it all over again."

"All right," said Walter. "Jump up there on papa's desk, so I can hear
you better."

Georgie mounted the desk, and began "Ladies and gentlemen,--I s'pose you
know this is the Fourth of July." Then he couldn't think of anything
else to say, so he jumped down. In doing so his foot hit the inkstand,
and a black, black stream of ink followed him to the floor.

"Oh, dear! that's too bad!" he exclaimed. "Won't papa be sorry? Wish I
hadn't made a speech. Hurry up, Walter; get something to wipe it off

Walter tried hard; but he could not wipe away all the ink. Several big
spots remained.

"Never mind," he said; "we'd better go out-doors and forget about it.
Let's play soldier. You and I'll be the Americans, and Brush can be the

Brush was the Newfoundland dog.

This plan suited Georgie, and he and Walter looked about for a red coat
to put on Brush. They soon found Cousin Sarah's embroidered jacket,
which they thought would do nicely. Then they went into the yard and
coaxed Brush to be dressed up. He looked very funny when he stood on his
hind-legs with the jacket buttoned around him.

"Now we must stand before him and present arms," said Georgie.

"Yes, and then I'll turn around quick, and fire a torpedo. Won't that
frighten the old fellow?"

So, after presenting arms, Walter turned his back to the enemy, and
threw a torpedo into the grass. Brush jumped after it, and in doing so
he knocked both of the Americans to the ground. Walter was a little
hurt, and he began to whimper, but Georgie helped him up, saying, "Don't
you know that soldiers never cry?"

When the rest of the family came home, and found the ink spots in the
parlor, and Cousin Sarah's jacket spoiled, they thought it was a poor
plan to leave little boys to take care of themselves, even on the Fourth
of July.

       *       *       *       *       *


A. E. T.

As our great national holiday approaches, perhaps the readers of YOUNG
PEOPLE would like to hear something about Genoa, where the great
Christoforo Colombo, as the Genoese call him, was born. Genoa is
situated at the foot of the Appenine range. The town, which is a very
ancient and picturesque one, commences at the river-front, and extends
some distance up these mountains. A friend of mine writes that there you
can not go up town in the sense that we do here, for so steep is the
incline that all carriages have to be furnished with brakes, lest, after
having once gone up town, one should not be able to get down town again.
The drive overlooking the river is delightful. This place is a great
stopping-point for ships plying the Mediterranean.

The seasons there are far in advance of ours, and at this present time
the climate is intensely hot. Genoa has many beautiful buildings. The
people are so proud of their favorite that they name their hotels after
him, and also very many minor places of trade. Thus the name of Colombo
meets the traveller nearly everywhere. These devoted countrymen have
also erected a handsome monument to perpetuate his memory. Ancient as is
the city, yet they regard this noble hero with the freshness of
yesterday. Well may they be proud of a man capable of such grand
achievements, the conception of which was regal in its grandeur.

You all know that to him we owe the blessing of our beautiful America.
What wonder that we sing so sweetly and so often, "Hail, Columbia!"

Let us always revere his name as devoutly as his countrymen, who hug the
memory of this noble hero as close as Patti did her doll, when at the
age of ten she could not sing without it; it was an inspiration to the
little songstress.

Let then this great man, Genoa's hero, command our love and gratitude,
while it inspires to noble deeds.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I have taken your paper for some time, and I look forward from week
     to week with so much pleasure, thinking of reading the pretty
     stories; and I am very much interested in the puzzles; I find the
     answers out myself. I am eleven years old, and have a little sister
     Mollie, who is a very quaint child. We love to read about all the
     little girls' pets, especially the cats and kittens, for we have
     two; the mother we call Dud, and her kitten Gipsy we nickname Gip.
     They are very knowing and cunning. Dud follows us when we go out,
     and sometimes, when she has gone very far, waits an hour in one
     place until we come back, delighted when she sees us, and runs
     along perfectly contented. Our birds, Pete and John, both died, one
     of old age, and the other of fits. We are to have a little dog
     soon. A gentleman has made us a present of him--an English fox
     terrier. We have never been to school, but are taught at home, and
     I have read quite a number of letters from little girls in YOUNG
     PEOPLE that have lessons at home also. We get along, because we
     study, and enjoy our books. I read music quite well, so can Moll;
     we practice an hour a day. We have each a baby doll that we are
     very fond of; Violet Depeyster is the name of mine, and Daisy
     Livingston Moll's, named after some aunties. They are very pretty
     and good; they have very many pretty things we make them, for we
     can both sew. I write to an uncle in Europe, and a little cousin in
     the country, and rather like letter-writing, and hope this is not
     too long.


Your puzzle will appear before long. It is very nicely done.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I want to tell you what I did two years ago, when I was six years
     old. My papa and uncle bought a drove of cattle in Colorado when
     they were in the western part of the State. Papa took me out there,
     and I rode one of the ponies, and helped to drive the cattle about
     two weeks. I could ride just as fast as the pony could go, and
     often beat the men in a race.

     I have a little saddle. We had a tent, and camped out; it was rare
     fun, except when it rained. My sister Myrtle and I have a pair of
     pet doves, a Maltese cat, and two dogs. I like all the stories and
     letters very much.


       *       *       *       *       *


     We live on a sugar plantation, and the flume that carries the cane
     to the mill runs near our house. The whole length of the flume is
     eight miles. We have lots of hens, and we children take care of and
     feed them, and so mother lets us sell some of them, and we saved
     the money and bought a cow. She had a calf, but she was so wild
     that we sold her and got another. She had a pretty little white
     calf; it is real tame. We call him David. He has a collar on, and
     we put a rope through the collar and lead him anywhere, and he
     kicks up his heels, and seems to enjoy the play. We children have
     three horses that we can ride whenever we like--Flora, Maud, and
     Nellie. Nellie is very small, because she lost her mother when she
     was small (a few weeks old), and had to be fed with a bottle, but
     she is very gentle now.

  FRED N. H.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Of course you all think I am a pussy cat. No wonder, when folks
     call me Pussy. But you must know that one cold day in March I was
     hatched. Did you ever hear that a pussy was hatched, I'd like to

     Laugh away, Sue and Ned, Joe and Tom, Mattie and Artie, Polly and
     Fanny! It is all true.

     One day my master went out to the barn, and there were a whole
     dozen of us, shivering with cold. He brought us into the kitchen
     and put us right down by the stove. Everybody came to see us, and
     they all said: "Oh, the cunning little chicks! Where has the
     naughty mother hen gone?"

     Then my mistress ran and brought a box, and lined it with soft wool
     and warmed it, and then all of us little brothers and sisters were
     crowded into it.

     The others slept like good chicks all night, but I just cried and
     cried. Even the grandma was kept awake, and said, "That chicken
     will not live."

     The next morning we were taken out to be fed, but my mistress said,
     when she saw me, "Oh, here is one poor little fellow dead.

     "No," said grandma; "I think there is a little life in him still."

     I tried hard, and made a faint motion of my eyes, and so I was put
     back under the stove. As I grew warm I kicked my little feet about,
     and then the children screamed, "The chick is alive; it was in a

     So for two days they called me Cat-a-lep-sy. When I began to run
     around and eat crumbs, they called me Puss-a-lep. By-and-by they
     named me Pussy-willow, when the pussy-willows pushed out their
     funny little fuzzy buds.

     Do you know I have been a traveller? Yes, indeed. When I was two
     weeks old I was carried in a tiny basket over a hundred miles. Two
     children had me, and we went in the cars.

     When we got to the new home, I was lifted out and set--where do you
     suppose? Why, right in the middle of the tea table. I tell you,
     things looked nice, I was so hungry.

     It is June now, and I have grown so big that my old friends would
     not know me. I like the folks here. I eat out of their hands, I
     perch on their heads, and hop about after them all day long, and my
     name being Pussy, I try to behave as much like a kitten as

     That's all. Good-by.


       *       *       *       *       *

C. Y. P. R. U.

You could not possibly find a prettier bit of verse than this to learn
by heart or to copy in your book of choice quotations, even though you
hunted through great volumes. It is by Lord Houghton (Richard Monckton
Milnes), and we are sure he had some dear child in his mind's eye when
he wrote it:

  A fair little girl sat under a tree,
  Sewing as long as her eyes could see;
  Then smoothed her work, and folded it right,
  And said, "Dear work, good-night, good-night."

  Such a number of rooks came over her head,
  Crying, "Caw, caw," on their way to bed;
  She said, as she watched their curious flight,
  "Little black things, good-night, good-night."

  The horses neighed, and the oxen lowed,
  The sheep's "Bleat, bleat," came over the road,
  All seeming to say, with a quiet delight,
  "Good little girl, good-night, good-night."

  She did not say to the sun, "Good-night,"
  Though she saw him there, like a ball of light;
  For she knew he had God's time to keep
  All over the world, and never could sleep.

  The tall pink fox-glove bowed his head,
  The violet courtesied, and went to bed,
  And good little Lucy tied up her hair,
  And said, on her knees, her favorite prayer.

  And while on her pillow she softly lay,
  She knew nothing more till again it was day--
  And all things said to the beautiful sun,
  "Good-morning, good-morning; our work is begun."

       *       *       *       *       *

Did you ever wonder where the word etiquette came from? In former times
it was the custom in France on occasions of ceremony, or at fêtes and
festivals, to give each guest a little slip of paper, on which was
written the order of the proceedings, and some rules for the conduct of
the company. Then, if things were properly done, they were said to be
done by _ticket_. After a while the word etiquette, being a convenient
one, was brought into use in English. It is a short word for describing
how to do things in the right way.

       *       *       *       *       *

There is no charge for the publication of exchanges. Birds' eggs and
fire-arms are prohibited as articles of exchange.

       *       *       *       *       *

We would call the attention of the C. Y. P. R. U. this week to "Burning
the 'Toro'," by Mrs. Helen S. Conant, and to the conclusion of the
heart-rending story of Wager Island by Mr. James Payn. Then we hope the
boys will all read and profit by the "A Fourth-of-July Warning."

       *       *       *       *       *


Contributions received for Young People's Cot, in Holy Innocent's Ward,
St. Mary's Free Hospital for Children, 407 West Thirty-fourth Street:

     Cash, New York, $1.25; Warrie and Edna, Sheridan, Nevada, 30c.;
     Emily and Josephine Patterson, Cassel Prairie, $1; Annie Hindley,
     Broadalbin, N. Y., $1.50; Clara M. Shank, Dayton, Ohio, 50c.; May,
     Fred, Charlotte, and Annie Haley, Kau, Hawaii, Sandwich Islands,
     $4; Willie Pier, Richland Centre, Ohio, $1; Fred Russell, Detroit,
     Mich., 50c.; Ella H. and Arthur B. Poindexter, Jeffersonville,
     Ind., 50c.; Mite Chest in Holy Innocent's Ward, $2.67; Nellie and
     Charlie Rowe, New Haven, 75c.; Lulu and Anna Burrows, Melroy, Neb.,
     30c.; James A. Nelson, Arbana, Ohio, 30c.; A. Mixia, $1; Richard B.
     Morgan, Harrison, Ohio, 10c.; F. W., Gloversville, N. Y., 54c.;
     total, $16.21. Previously acknowledged, $1154.14; grand total, June
     15, $1170.35.

  E. AUGUSTA FANSHAWE, Treasurer, 43 New St.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Please find inclosed seventy-five cents from Nellie and Charlie
     Rowe for Young People's Cot. They have saved their pennies for this
     purpose instead of spending them for candy and the like.

  Respectfully yours,

       *       *       *       *       *

     The dollar I inclose I saved during Lent, but have neglected
     sending before now.


     P. S.--It is for the Young People's Cot.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Inclosed please find four dollars, which my young people send to
     Young People's Cot. There are four of them, May L. Haley, Fred N.
     Haley, Charlotte A. Haley, and Annie S. Haley. Little Annie is only
     three years old, and of course is too young to know or care
     anything about it, but the others want me to send a dollar for her,
     and when she is older, they say they will tell her all about it,
     and read the papers to her, and she will be so glad that her name
     is on the list, and that some little baby is lying in the Cot that
     she helped to pay for. My children talk often of that little Cot
     that they feel will belong partly to them. I think it was such a
     beautiful idea for the children to each give their mite toward
     buying it. It seems to me to be something that they will always
     think of with real pleasure; it will be a little warm spot in their
     hearts that will do them good, and help to make them think more of
     those that are not so well off as themselves. If we did not live so
     far away, we would only be too glad to send picture-books, toys,
     etc. But we can only send kind wishes, and hope that you will soon
     get enough money to pay for the Cot.


       *       *       *       *       *


     We are two little sisters; I am ten years old, and my little sister
     will be six years old in July. We live in a nice valley a little
     way from the Wisconsin River; it is called the Patterson Valley. We
     often climb on the bluffs and pick flowers. We have to walk a mile
     and a half to school. We have a very nice lady teacher. I am in the
     Fourth Reader. I study reading, writing, arithmetic, and geography.
     I also take music-lessons. We like YOUNG PEOPLE very much. Two kind
     friends in New York made us a present of it at Christmas for this
     year. We send one dollar for Young People's Cot. We like to read
     the letters in Our Post-office Box. I hope you will print my letter
     in it. My sister and I have four dolls. We have a dog named Dixie.


       *       *       *       *       *

Correct answers to puzzles have been sent by Alfred Bruno, "Bo-Peep,"
Clarence Stimson, C. B. K., Ted, Blanche Foster, "Butterfly," Ethel Cox,
"I. Scycle," Lucy A. Moise, Gustav Metz, Arthur A. Beebe, George J.
Fiske, Carrie, Charlie, and Willie Lloyd, May Wilson, Emma L. Gilbert,
Elvira R. U., Florence, Annie, and Mabel Knight, Lottie Lee Buxton,
Clara N. B., Percy M. B., Lizzie P. A., Frank Lomas, "Eureka," Frank
Millspaugh, "Sam Weller, Jun.," Allie C. Little, Bessie W. Spaulding,
R. B. Beals, Ella M. Brotherton, "North Star," Edna S., Eda C. Baldwin,
Cortland F. Bishop, E. G. Holmes, and Lulu Kirtland.

       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


1. An article of food popular in summer. 2. A feminine occupation. 3. A
Dutch cake. 4. A wild flower. 5. Something sweet. 6. A fairy. 7. A
cloud. 8. A mark of beauty. 9. Rest for the weary. 10. A sleeping
potion. 11. A confection. 12. A lofty perch. 13. A planet. 14. A bird.
15. The happiest time of life. Primals spell the name of a favorite
American holiday.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 2.



  First in cradle, not in bed.
  Second in barn, not in shed.
  Third in one, not in ten.
  Fourth in quail, not in wren.
  Fifth in under, not in over.
  Sixth in rover and in clover.
  Seventh in top, not in cover.
  My whole is considered a charming game,
  And the answer to this will be its name.

  EDA L. B.


  In dog, not in cat.
  In mouse, not in rat.
  In man, not in boy.
  In marble, not in toy.
  In ale, not in wine.
  In rose-bush, not in vine.
  In Kate, not in Jane.
  My whole is a brave little land,
  Which gave birth to an author charming and bland.



  First in line, not in mark.
  Second in dog, not in bark.
  Third in clasp, not in ring.
  Fourth in queen, not in king.
  Fifth in stone, not in fling.
  Sixth in time, not in hour.
  My whole a tree with a fragrant flower.


  First in snow, not in hail.
  Second in arrest, not in jail.
  Third in drink, not in sot.
  Fourth in pan, not in pot.
  Fifth in wood, not in tree.
  Sixth in bone, not in knee.
  Seventh in ear, not in mouth.
  Eighth in north, not in south.
  Ninth in ripe, not in sweet.
  Tenth in tidy, not in neat.
  My whole is a thing delicious to eat.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 3.


1.--1. A letter. 2. An exclamation. 3. To fascinate. 4. Skill. 5. A

2.--1. A letter. 2. A serpent. 3. Not old. 4. A girl's name. 5. A

3.--1. A letter. 2. Quick. 3. A country. 4. A fastening. 5. A letter.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 4.


  I am composed of ten letters, and am a city in the United States.
  My 3, 5, 10, 7 is a musical act.
  My 1, 2, 5, 8 is to tarry.
  My 2, 3, 4 is a tree.
  My 1, 5, 6, 7 is part of a bird.
  My 4, 9, 8 is warm.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 5.


1. An omen. 2. A Latin pronoun. 3. Joy. 4. Want.

  EMMA L. G.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 6.


1. An article of luxury. 2. An adjective. 3. Very cold. 4. To ascend. 5.
An additional clause.


       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.

Mount Washington.

No. 2.

  T riden T
  I ndig  O
  M   a   B
  A bilit Y
  N augh  T
  D  iml  Y
  T  il   L
  I mped  E
  P  oke  R

No. 3.

Crow. Robin. Snow-birds. Swan. Hawk.

No. 4.

  H O W L
  O G R E
  W R E N
  L E N T

No. 5.

Egypt. Obelisk.

       *       *       *       *       *

[_For Exchanges, see 2d and 3d pages of cover._]




Among the many ingenious devices of the Chinese and Japanese in the way
of Hirayama, or day fire-works, is a huge bomb, which, when fired off,
ascends to a great height and explodes, at the same time releasing
hundreds of highly colored paper figures of both patriotic and comic

Other varieties of this new Japanese day fire-work set free innumerable
miniature Japanese fans, parasols, and small toys, or produce grotesque
and beautiful designs in colored smoke. I have tried to give you in the
illustration an idea how they look.


As each one of you boys who are well enough to go about is sure to set
off a certain number of "paper caps" before night comes on this Fourth
of July, 1882, I want to call your attention to a little toy that is not
only most novel and comical, but which will insure you against all
dangers from these explosives. It consists of a clown's head with a
movable jaw. At the top of the head a long string is fastened. A paper
cap is placed in the clown's mouth, and by means of the string the head
is caused to strike the pavement, the concussion causing the cap to
explode. All first-class conscientious dealers in fire-works are
refusing to sell the dangerous and so very often fatal toy cartridge
pistol, for which the clown's head forms such an excellent substitute.

       *       *       *       *       *


The origin of this term, as applied to the United States, is as follows:

When General Washington, after being appointed commander of the army of
the Revolutionary war, came to Massachusetts to organize it, and make
preparations for the defense of the country, he found a great want of
ammunition and other means necessary to meet the powerful foe he had to
contend with, and great difficulty to obtain them. If attacked in such
condition, the cause at once might be hopeless.

On one occasion, at that anxious period, a consultation of the officers
and others was held, when it seemed no way could be devised to make such
preparations as were necessary. His Excellency Jonathan Trumbull the
elder was then Governor of the State of Connecticut, on whose judgment
and aid the General placed the greatest reliance, and remarked, "We must
consult Brother Jonathan on the subject."

The General did so, and the Governor was successful in supplying many of
the wants of the army. When difficulties afterward arose, and the army
was spread over the country, it became a by-word, "We must consult
Brother Jonathan." The term Yankee is still applied to a portion, but
Brother Jonathan has now become a designation of the whole country, as
John Bull has for England.

       *       *       *       *       *


"Duck" is a game that should be played by a number exceeding three, but
not more than six or eight. Each of the players being provided with a
large pebble or stone about twice the size of a cricket-ball, called a
"duck," one of them, by chance or choice, places his duck on a large
smooth-topped stone fixed in the ground. An offing being marked at eight
or ten yards' distance from the stone, the other players cast their
ducks at it in turn, endeavoring to knock the duck off its place.

Each player, as soon as he has cast his duck, watches for an opportunity
of carrying it back to the offing, so as to cast again. If the player
whose duck is on the stone can touch another after he has taken up his
stone, and before he reaches the offing, provided his own duck remain on
the large stone, then the player so touched is out, and changes places
with the player at the stone. It sometimes happens that three or four of
the players' ducks lie so close together that the player whose duck is
on the stone can stand in a situation to be within reach of all of them;
in this case they can not, without running the risk of being touched,
pick up until one of those who are at the offing is lucky enough to
strike the duck off the large stone; then, before its owner can replace
it, which he must do before he can touch a player, they all take up
their ducks and run to the offing, where, of course, they are safe.

Another way of playing this game is to mount three or four brickbats one
on top of the other, and to try to dislodge the upper one by throwing
the duck at it before the keeper of the castle can touch the thrower.
The player so touched becomes keeper.


*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, July 4, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

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