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Title: New Hampshire, A Poem; with Notes and Grace Notes
Author: Frost, Robert
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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                          _By_ ROBERT FROST


                            NEW HAMPSHIRE
                          A POEM WITH NOTES
                          AND GRACE NOTES BY
                             ROBERT FROST
                            WITH WOODCUTS
                           BY J. J. LANKES
                             PUBLISHED BY
                              HENRY HOLT
                           & COMPANY : NEW
                           YORK : MCMXXIII

                           Copyright, 1923
                        HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY

                   _First Printing, October, 1923_
                   _Second Printing, January, 1924_
                     _Third Printing, May, 1924_
                  _Fourth Printing, November, 1924_
                   _Fifth Printing, December, 1926_
                    _Sixth Printing, April, 1928_

                         VERMONT AND MICHIGAN



                             NEW HAMPSHIRE
  New Hampshire                                                  3

  A Star in a Stone-boat                                        21
  The Census-taker                                              24
  The Star-splitter                                             27
  Maple                                                         31
  The Axe-helve                                                 37
  The Grindstone                                                41
  Paul’s Wife                                                   44
  Wild Grapes                                                   49
  Place for a Third                                             53
  Two Witches                                                   56
  I. _The Witch of Coös_                                        56
  II. _The Pauper Witch of Grafton_                             61
  An Empty Threat                                               65
  A Fountain, a Bottle, a Donkey’s Ears and Some Books          67
  I Will Sing You One-O                                         73

                              GRACE NOTES
  Fragmentary Blue                                              79
  Fire and Ice                                                  80
  In a Disused Graveyard                                        81
  Dust of Snow                                                  82
  To E. T.                                                      83
  Nothing Gold Can Stay                                         84
  The Runaway                                                   85
  The Aim was Song                                              86
  Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening                          87
  For Once, Then, Something                                     88
  Blue-Butterfly Day                                            89
  The Onset                                                     90
  To Earthward                                                  91
  Good-Bye and Keep Cold                                        93
  Two Look at Two                                               95
  Not to Keep                                                   97
  A Brook in the City                                           98
  The Kitchen Chimney                                           99
  Looking for a Sunset Bird in Winter                          100
  A Boundless Moment                                           101
  Evening in a Sugar Orchard                                   102
  Gathering Leaves                                             103
  The Valley’s Singing Day                                     104
  Misgiving                                                    105
  A Hillside Thaw                                              106
  Plowmen                                                      108
  On a Tree Fallen Across the Road                             109
  Our Singing Strength                                         110
  The Lockless Door                                            112
  The Need of Being Versed in Country Things                   113

                               NEW HAMPSHIRE

  I met a lady from the South who said
  (You won’t believe she said it, but she said it):
  “None of my family ever worked, or had
  A thing to sell.” I don’t suppose the work
  Much matters. You may work for all of me.
  I’ve seen the time I’ve had to work myself.
  The having anything to sell[1] is what
  Is the disgrace in man or state or nation.

  I met a traveller from Arkansas
  Who boasted of his state as beautiful
  For diamonds and apples. “Diamonds
  And apples in commercial quantities?”
  I asked him, on my guard. “Oh yes,” he answered,
  Off his. The time was evening in the Pullman.
  “I see the porter’s made your bed,” I told him.

  I met a Californian who would
  Talk California—a state so blessed,
  He said, in climate none had ever died there
  A natural death, and Vigilance Committees
  Had had to organize to stock the graveyards
  And vindicate the state’s humanity.
  “Just the way Steffanson runs on,” I murmured,
  “About the British Arctic. That’s what comes
  Of being in the market with a climate.”

  I met a poet from another state,
  A zealot full of fluid inspiration,
  Who in the name of fluid inspiration,
  But in the best style of bad salesmanship,
  Angrily tried to make me write a protest
  (In verse I think) against the Volstead Act.
  He didn’t even offer me a drink
  Until I asked for one to steady _him_.
  This is called having an idea to sell.

  It never could have happened in New Hampshire.

  The only person really soiled with trade
  I ever stumbled on in old New Hampshire
  Was someone who had just come back ashamed
  From selling things in California.
  He’d built a noble mansard roof with balls
  On turrets like Constantinople, deep
  In woods some ten miles from a railroad station,
  As if to put forever out of mind
  The hope of being, as we say, received.
  I found him standing at the close of day
  Inside the threshold of his open barn,
  Like a lone actor on a gloomy stage—
  And recognized him through the iron grey
  In which his face was muffled to the eyes
  As an old boyhood friend, and once indeed
  A drover with me on the road to Brighton.
  His farm was “grounds,” and not a farm at all;
  His house among the local sheds and shanties
  Rose like a factor’s at a trading station.
  And he was rich, and I was still a rascal.
  I couldn’t keep from asking impolitely,
  Where had he been and what had he been doing?
  How did he get so? (Rich was understood.)
  In dealing in “old rags” in San Francisco.
  Oh it was terrible as well could be.
  We both of us turned over in our graves.

  Just specimens is all New Hampshire has,
  One each of everything as in a show-case
  Which naturally she doesn’t care to sell.

  She had one President (pronounce him Purse,
  And make the most of it for better or worse.
  He’s your one chance to score against the state).
  She had one Daniel Webster. He was all
  The Daniel Webster ever was or shall be.
  She had the Dartmouth needed to produce him.

  I call her old. She has one family
  Whose claim is good to being settled here
  Before the era of colonization,
  And before that of exploration even.
  John Smith remarked them as he coasted by
  Dangling their legs and fishing off a wharf
  At the Isles of Shoals, and satisfied himself
  They weren’t Red Indians but veritable
  Pre-primitives of the white race, dawn people,
  Like those who furnished Adam’s sons with wives;
  However uninnocent they may have been
  In being there so early in our history.
  They’d been there then a hundred years or more.
  Pity he didn’t ask what they were up to
  At that date with a wharf already built,
  And take their name. They’ve since told me their name—
  Today an honored one in Nottingham.

  As for what they were up to more than fishing—
  Suppose they weren’t behaving Puritanly,
  The hour had not yet struck for being good,
  Mankind had not yet gone on the Sabbatical.
  It became an explorer of the deep
  Not to explore too deep in others’ business.

  Did you but know of him, New Hampshire has
  One real reformer who would change the world
  So it would be accepted by two classes,
  Artists the minute they set up as artists,
  Before, that is, they are themselves accepted,
  And boys the minute they get out of college.
  I can’t help thinking those are tests to go by.

  And she has one I don’t know what to call him,
  Who comes from Philadelphia every year
  With a great flock of chickens of rare breeds
  He wants to give the educational
  Advantages of growing almost wild
  Under the watchful eye of hawk and eagle—
  Dorkings because they’re spoken of by Chaucer,
  Sussex because they’re spoken of by Herrick.

  She has a touch of gold. New Hampshire gold—[2]
  You may have heard of it. I had a farm
  Offered me not long since up Berlin way
  With a mine on it that was worked for gold;
  But not gold in commercial quantities.
  Just enough gold to make the engagement rings
  And marriage rings of those who owned the farm.
  What gold more innocent could one have asked for?

  One of my children ranging after rocks
  Lately brought home from Andover or Canaan
  A specimen of beryl with a trace
  Of radium. I know with radium
  The trace would have to be the merest trace
  To be below the threshold of commercial,
  But trust New Hampshire not to have enough
  Of radium or anything to sell.

  A specimen of everything, I said.
  She has one witch—old style.[3] She lives in Colebrook.
  (The only other witch I ever met
  Was lately at a cut-glass dinner in Boston.
  There were four candles and four people present.
  The witch was young, and beautiful (new style),
  And open-minded. She was free to question
  Her gift for reading letters locked in boxes.
  Why was it so much greater when the boxes
  Were metal than it was when they were wooden?
  It made the world seem so mysterious.
  The S’ciety for Psychical Research
  Was cognizant. Her husband was worth millions.
  I think he owned some shares in Harvard College.)

  New Hampshire _used_ to have at Salem
  A company we called the White Corpuscles,
  Whose duty was at any hour of night
  To rush in sheets and fool’s caps where they smelled
  A thing the least bit doubtfully perscented
  And give someone the Skipper Ireson’s Ride.
  One each of everything as in a show-case.
  More than enough land for a specimen
  You’ll say she has, but there there enters in
  Something else to protect her from herself.
  There quality[4] makes up for quantity.
  Not even New Hampshire farms are much for sale.
  The farm I made my home on in the mountains
  I had to take by force rather than buy.
  I caught the owner outdoors by himself
  Raking up after winter, and I said,
  “I’m going to put you off this farm: I want it.”
  “Where are you going to put me? In the road?”
  “I’m going to put you on the farm next to it.”
  “Why won’t the farm next to it do for you?”
  “I like this better.” It was really better.

  Apples? New Hampshire has them, but unsprayed,
  With no suspicion in stem-end or blossom-end
  Of vitriol or arsenate of lead,
  And so not good for anything but cider.
  Her unpruned grapes are flung like lariats
  Far up the birches out of reach of man.[5]

  A state producing precious metals, stones,
  And—writing; none of these except perhaps
  The precious literature in quantity
  Or quality to worry the producer
  About disposing of it. Do you know,
  Considering the market, there are more
  Poems produced than any other thing?[6]
  No wonder poets sometimes have to _seem_
  So much more business-like than business men.
  Their wares are so much harder to get rid of.

  She’s one of the two best states in the Union.
  Vermont’s the other. And the two have been
  Yoke-fellows in the sap-yoke from of old
  In many Marches.[7] And they lie like wedges,
  Thick end to thin end and thin end to thick end,
  And are a figure of the way the strong
  Of mind and strong of arm should fit together,
  One thick where one is thin and vice versa.
  New Hampshire raises the Connecticut
  In a trout hatchery near Canada,
  But soon divides the river with Vermont.
  Both are delightful states for their absurdly
  Small towns—Lost Nation, Bungey, Muddy Boo,
  Poplin, Still Corners (so called not because
  The place is silent all day long, nor yet
  Because it boasts a whisky still—because
  It set out once to be a city and still
  Is only corners, cross-roads in a wood).
  And I remember one whose name appeared
  Between the pictures on a movie screen
  Election[8] night once in Franconia,
  When everything had gone Republican
  And Democrats were sore in need of comfort:
  Easton goes Democratic, Wilson 4
  Hughes 2. And everybody to the saddest
  Laughed the loud laugh, the big laugh at the little.
  New York (five million) laughs at Manchester,
  Manchester (sixty or seventy thousand) laughs
  At Littleton (four thousand), Littleton
  Laughs at Franconia (seven hundred), and
  Franconia laughs, I fear,—did laugh that night—
  At Easton. What has Easton left to laugh at,
  And like the actress exclaim, “Oh my God” at?
  There’s Bungey; and for Bungey there are towns,
  Whole townships named but without population.[9]

  Anything I can say about New Hampshire
  Will serve almost as well about Vermont,
  Excepting that they differ in their mountains.
  The Vermont mountains stretch extended straight;
  New Hampshire mountains curl up in a coil.

  I had been coming to New Hampshire mountains.
  And here I am and what am I to say?
  Here first my theme becomes embarrassing.
  Emerson said, “The God who made New Hampshire
  Taunted the lofty land with little men.”
  Another Massachusetts poet said,
  “I go no more to summer in New Hampshire.
  I’ve given up my summer place in Dublin.”
  But when I asked to know what ailed New Hampshire,
  She said she couldn’t stand the people in it,
  The little men (it’s Massachusetts speaking).
  And when I asked to know what ailed the people,
  She said, “Go read your own books and find out.”
  I may as well confess myself the author
  Of several books against the world in general.
  To take them as against a special state
  Or even nation’s to restrict my meaning.
  I’m what is called a sensibilitist,
  Or otherwise an environmentalist.
  I refuse to adapt myself a mite
  To any change from hot to cold, from wet
  To dry, from poor to rich, or back again.
  I make a virtue of my suffering
  From nearly everything that goes on round me.[10]
  In other words, I know wherever I am,
  Being the creature of literature I am,
  I shall not lack for pain to keep me awake.
  Kit Marlowe taught me how to say my prayers:
  “Why this is Hell, nor am I out of it.”
  Samoa, Russia, Ireland I complain of,
  No less than England, France and Italy.
  Because I wrote my novels in New Hampshire
  Is no proof that I aimed them at New Hampshire.

  When I left Massachusetts years ago
  Between two days, the reason why I sought
  New Hampshire, not Connecticut,
  Rhode Island, New York, or Vermont was this:
  Where I was living then, New Hampshire offered
  The nearest boundary to escape across.
  I hadn’t an illusion in my hand-bag
  About the people being better there
  Than those I left behind. I thought they weren’t.
  I thought they couldn’t be. And yet they were.
  I’d sure had no such friends in Massachusetts
  As Hall of Windham, Gay of Atkinson,[11]
  Bartlett of Raymond (now of Colorado),
  Harris of Derry, and Lynch of Bethlehem.
  The glorious bards of Massachusetts seem
  To want to make New Hampshire people over.
  They taunt the lofty land with little men.
  I don’t know what to say about the people.
  For art’s sake one could almost wish them worse[12]
  Rather than better. How are we to write
  The Russian novel in America
  As long as life goes so unterribly?
  There is the pinch from which our only outcry
  In literature to date is heard to come.
  We get what little misery we can
  Out of not having cause for misery.
  It makes the guild of novel writers sick
  To be expected to be Dostoievskis
  On nothing worse than too much luck and comfort.
  This is not sorrow, though; it’s just the vapors,
  And recognized as such in Russia itself
  Under the new régime, and so forbidden.
  If well it is with Russia, then feel free
  To say so or be stood against the wall
  And shot. It’s Pollyanna now or death.
  This, then, is the new freedom we hear tell of;
  And very sensible. No state can build
  A literature that shall at once be sound
  And sad on a foundation of wellbeing.

  To show the level of intelligence
  Among us; it was just a Warren farmer
  Whose horse had pulled him short up in the road
  By me, a stranger. This is what he said,
  From nothing but embarrassment and want
  Of anything more sociable to say:
  “You hear those hound-dogs sing on Moosilauke?[13]
  Well they remind me of the hue and cry
  We’ve heard against the Mid-Victorians
  And never rightly understood till Bryan
  Retired from politics and joined the chorus.
  The matter with the Mid-Victorians
  Seems to have been a man named John L. Darwin.”[14]
  “Go ’long,” I said to him, he to his horse.

  I knew a man who failing as a farmer
  Burned down his farmhouse for the fire insurance,
  And spent the proceeds on a telescope[15]
  To satisfy a life-long curiosity
  About our place among the infinities.
  And how was that for other-worldliness?

  If I must choose which I would elevate—
  The people or the already lofty mountains,
  I’d elevate the already lofty mountains.
  The only fault I find with old New Hampshire
  Is that her mountains aren’t quite high enough.
  I was not always so; I’ve come to be so.
  How, to my sorrow, how have I attained
  A height from which to look down critical
  On mountains? What has given me assurance
  To say what height becomes New Hampshire mountains,
  Or any mountains? Can it be some strength
  I feel as of an earthquake in my back
  To heave them higher to the morning star?
  Can it be foreign travel in the Alps?
  Or having seen and credited a moment
  The solid moulding of vast peaks of cloud
  Behind the pitiful reality
  Of Lincoln, Lafayette and Liberty?
  Or some such sense as says how high shall jet
  The fountain in proportion to the basin?
  No, none of these has raised me to my throne
  Of intellectual dissatisfaction,
  But the sad accident of having seen
  Our actual mountains given in a map
  Of early times as twice the height they are—
  Ten thousand feet instead of only five—
  Which shows how sad an accident may be.
  Five thousand is no longer high enough.
  Whereas I never had a good idea
  About improving people in the world,
  Here I am over-fertile in suggestion,
  And cannot rest from planning day or night
  How high I’d thrust the peaks in summer snow
  To tap the upper sky and draw a flow
  Of frosty night air on the vale below
  Down from the stars to freeze the dew as starry.

  The more the sensibilitist I am
  The more I seem to want my mountains wild;
  The way the wiry gang-boss liked the log-jam.[16]
  After he’d picked the lock and got it started,
  He dodged a log that lifted like an arm
  Against the sky to break his back for him,
  Then came in dancing, skipping, with his life
  Across the roar and chaos, and the words
  We saw him say along the zigzag journey
  Were doubtless as the words we heard him say
  On coming nearer: “Wasn’t she an _i_-deal
  Son-of-a-bitch? You bet she was an _i_-deal.”

  For all her mountains fall a little short,
  Her people not quite short enough for Art,
  She’s still New Hampshire, a most restful state.

  Lately in converse with a New York alec
  About the new school of the pseudo-phallic,
  I found myself in a close corner where
  I had to make an almost funny choice.
  “Choose you which you will be—a prude, or puke,
  Mewling and puking in the public arms.”
  “Me for the hills where I don’t have to choose.”[17]
  “But if you had to choose, which would you be?”
  I wouldn’t be a prude afraid of nature.
  I know a man who took a double axe
  And went alone against a grove of trees;
  But his heart failing him, he dropped the axe
  And ran for shelter quoting Matthew Arnold:
  “Nature is cruel, man is sick of blood;
  There’s been enough shed without shedding mine.
  Remember Birnam Wood! The wood’s in flux!”
  He had a special terror of the flux
  That showed itself in dendrophobia.
  The only decent tree had been to mill
  And educated into boards, he said.
  He knew too well for any earthly use
  The line where man leaves off and nature starts,[18]
  And never over-stepped it save in dreams.
  He stood on the safe side of the line talking;
  Which is sheer Matthew Arnoldism,
  The cult of one who owned himself “a foiled,
  Circuitous wanderer,” and “took dejectedly
  His seat upon the intellectual throne.”
  Agreed in frowning on these improvised
  Altars the woods are full of nowadays,
  Again as in the days when Ahaz sinned
  By worship under green trees in the open.
  Scarcely a mile but that I come on one,
  A black-cheeked stone and stick of rain-washed charcoal.
  Even to say the groves were God’s first temples
  Comes too near to Ahaz’ sin for safety.
  Nothing not built with hands of course is sacred.
  But here is not a question of what’s sacred;
  Rather of what to face or run away from.
  I’d hate to be a runaway from nature.
  And neither would I choose to be a puke
  Who cares not what he does in company,
  And, when he can’t do anything, falls back
  On words, and tries his worst to make words speak
  Louder than actions, and sometimes achieves it.
  It seems a narrow choice the age insists on.
  How about being a good Greek, for instance?
  That course, they tell me, isn’t offered this year.
  “Come, but this isn’t choosing—puke or prude?”
  Well, if I have to choose one or the other,
  I choose to be a plain New Hampshire farmer
  With an income in cash of say a thousand
  (From say a publisher in New York City).
  It’s restful to arrive at a decision,
  And restful just to think about New Hampshire.
  At present I am living in Vermont.

                        A STAR IN A STONE-BOAT
                       (_For Lincoln MacVeagh_)

  Never tell me that not one star of all
  That slip from heaven at night and softly fall
  Has been picked up with stones to build a wall.

  Some laborer found one faded and stone cold,
  And saving that its weight suggested gold,
  And tugged it from his first too certain hold,

  He noticed nothing in it to remark.
  He was not used to handling stars thrown dark
  And lifeless from an interrupted arc.

  He did not recognize in that smooth coal
  The one thing palpable besides the soul
  To penetrate the air in which we roll.

  He did not see how like a flying thing
  It brooded ant-eggs, and had one large wing,
  One not so large for flying in a ring,

  And a long Bird of Paradise’s tail,
  (Though these when not in use to fly and trail
  It drew back in its body like a snail);

  Nor know that he might move it from the spot
  The harm was done; from having been star-shot
  The very nature of the soil was hot

  And burning to yield flowers instead of grain,
  Flowers fanned and not put out by all the rain
  Poured on them by his prayers prayed in vain.

  He moved it roughly with an iron bar,
  He loaded an old stone-boat with the star
  And not, as you might think, a flying car,

  Such as even poets would admit perforce
  More practical than Pegasus the horse
  If it could put a star back in its course.

  He dragged it through the ploughed ground at a pace
  But faintly reminiscent of the race
  Of jostling rock in interstellar space.

  It went for building stone, and I, as though
  Commanded in a dream, forever go
  To right the wrong that this should have been so.

  Yet ask where else it could have gone as well,
  I do not know—I cannot stop to tell:
  He might have left it lying where it fell.

  From following walls I never lift my eye
  Except at night to places in the sky
  Where showers of charted meteors let fly.

  Some may know what they seek in school and church,
  And why they seek it there; for what I search
  I must go measuring stone walls, perch on perch;

  Sure that though not a star of death and birth,
  So not to be compared, perhaps, in worth
  To such resorts of life as Mars and Earth,

  Though not, I say, a star of death and sin,
  It yet has poles, and only needs a spin
  To show its worldly nature and begin

  To chafe and shuffle in my calloused palm
  And run off in strange tangents with my arm
  As fish do with the line in first alarm.

  Such as it is, it promises the prize
  Of the one world complete in any size
  That I am like to compass, fool or wise.

                           THE CENSUS-TAKER

  I came an errand one cloud-blowing evening
  To a slab-built, black-paper-covered house
  Of one room and one window and one door,
  The only dwelling in a waste cut over
  A hundred square miles round it in the mountains:
  And that not dwelt in now by men or women
  (It never had been dwelt in, though, by women,
  So what is this I make a sorrow of?)
  I came as census-taker to the waste
  To count the people in it and found none,
  None in the hundred miles, none in the house,
  Where I came last with some hope, but not much
  After hours’ overlooking from the cliffs
  An emptiness flayed to the very stone.
  I found no people that dared show themselves,
  None not in hiding from the outward eye.
  The time was autumn, but how anyone
  Could tell the time of year when every tree
  That could have dropped a leaf was down itself
  And nothing but the stump of it was left
  Now bringing out its rings in sugar of pitch;
  And every tree up stood a rotting trunk
  Without a single leaf to spend on autumn,
  Or branch to whistle after what was spent.
  Perhaps the wind the more without the help
  Of breathing trees said something of the time
  Of year or day the way it swung a door
  Forever off the latch, as if rude men
  Passed in and slammed it shut each one behind him
  For the next one to open for himself.
  I counted nine I had no right to count
  (But this was dreamy unofficial counting)
  Before I made the tenth across the threshold.
  Where was my supper? Where was anyone’s?
  No lamp was lit. Nothing was on the table.
  The stove was cold—the stove was off the chimney—
  And down by one side where it lacked a leg.
  The people that had loudly passed the door
  Were people to the ear but not the eye.
  They were not on the table with their elbows.
  They were not sleeping in the shelves of bunks.
  I saw no men there and no bones of men there.
  I armed myself against such bones as might be
  With the pitch-blackened stub of an axe-handle
  I picked up off the straw-dust covered floor.
  Not bones, but the ill-fitted window rattled.
  The door was still because I held it shut
  While I thought what to do that could be done—
  About the house—about the people not there.
  This house in one year fallen to decay
  Filled me with no less sorrow than the houses
  Fallen to ruin in ten thousand years
  Where Asia wedges Africa from Europe.
  Nothing was left to do that I could see
  Unless to find that there was no one there
  And declare to the cliffs too far for echo
  “The place is desert and let whoso lurks
  In silence, if in this he is aggrieved,
  Break silence now or be forever silent.
  Let him say why it should not be declared so.”
  The melancholy of having to count souls
  Where they grow fewer and fewer every year
  Is extreme where they shrink to none at all.
  It must be I want life to go on living.

                          THE STAR-SPLITTER

  “You know Orion always comes up sideways.
  Throwing a leg up over our fence of mountains,
  And rising on his hands, he looks in on me
  Busy outdoors by lantern-light with something
  I should have done by daylight, and indeed,
  After the ground is frozen, I should have done
  Before it froze, and a gust flings a handful
  Of waste leaves at my smoky lantern chimney
  To make fun of my way of doing things,
  Or else fun of Orion’s having caught me.
  Has a man, I should like to ask, no rights
  These forces are obliged to pay respect to?”
  So Brad McLaughlin mingled reckless talk
  Of heavenly stars with hugger-mugger farming,
  Till having failed at hugger-mugger farming,
  He burned his house down for the fire insurance
  And spent the proceeds on a telescope
  To satisfy a life-long curiosity
  About our place among the infinities.

  “What do you want with one of those blame things?”
  I asked him well beforehand. “Don’t you get one!”
  “Don’t call it blamed; there isn’t anything
  More blameless in the sense of being less
  A weapon in our human fight,” he said.
  “I’ll have one if I sell my farm to buy it.”
  There where he moved the rocks to plow the ground
  And plowed between the rocks he couldn’t move
  Few farms changed hands; so rather than spend years
  Trying to sell his farm and then not selling,
  He burned his house down for the fire insurance
  And bought the telescope with what it came to.
  He had been heard to say by several:
  “The best thing that we’re put here for’s to see;
  The strongest thing that’s given us to see with’s
  A telescope. Someone in every town
  Seems to me owes it to the town to keep one.
  In Littleton it may as well be me.”
  After such loose talk it was no surprise
  When he did what he did and burned his house down.

  Mean laughter went about the town that day
  To let him know we weren’t the least imposed on,
  And he could wait—we’d see to him to-morrow.
  But the first thing next morning we reflected
  If one by one we counted people out
  For the least sin, it wouldn’t take us long
  To get so we had no one left to live with.
  For to be social is to be forgiving.
  Our thief, the one who does our stealing from us,
  We don’t cut off from coming to church suppers,
  But what we miss we go to him and ask for.
  He promptly gives it back, that is if still
  Uneaten, unworn out, or undisposed of.
  It wouldn’t do to be too hard on Brad
  About his telescope. Beyond the age
  Of being given one’s gift for Christmas,
  He had to take the best way he knew how
  To find himself in one. Well, all we said was
  He took a strange thing to be roguish over.

  Some sympathy was wasted on the house,
  A good old-timer dating back along;
  But a house isn’t sentient; the house
  Didn’t feel anything. And if it did,
  Why not regard it as a sacrifice,
  And an old-fashioned sacrifice by fire,
  Instead of a new-fashioned one at auction?

  Out of a house and so out of a farm
  At one stroke (of a match), Brad had to turn
  To earn a living on the Concord railroad,
  As under-ticket-agent at a station
  Where his job, when he wasn’t selling tickets,
  Was setting out up track and down, not plants
  As on a farm, but planets, evening stars
  That varied in their hue from red to green.

  He got a good glass for six hundred dollars.
  His new job gave him leisure for star-gazing.
  Often he bid me come and have a look
  Up the brass barrel, velvet black inside,
  At a star quaking in the other end.
  I recollect a night of broken clouds
  And underfoot snow melted down to ice,
  And melting further in the wind to mud.
  Bradford and I had out the telescope.
  We spread our two legs as we spread its three,
  Pointed our thoughts the way we pointed it,
  And standing at our leisure till the day broke,
  Said some of the best things we ever said.[19]
  That telescope was christened the Star-splitter,
  Because it didn’t do a thing but split
  A star in two or three the way you split
  A globule of quicksilver in your hand
  With one stroke of your finger in the middle.
  It’s a star-splitter if there ever was one
  And ought to do some good if splitting stars
  ’Sa thing to be compared with splitting wood.

  We’ve looked and looked, but after all where are we?
  Do we know any better where we are,
  And how it stands between the night to-night
  And a man with a smoky lantern chimney?
  How different from the way it ever stood?


  Her teacher’s certainty it must be Mabel
  Made Maple first take notice of her name.
  She asked her father and he told her “Maple—
  Maple is right.”
              “But teacher told the school
  There’s no such name.”
                    “Teachers don’t know as much
  As fathers about children, you tell teacher.
  You tell her that it’s M-A-P-L-E.
  You ask her if she knows a maple tree.
  Well, you were named after a maple tree.
  Your mother named you. You and she just saw
  Each other in passing in the room upstairs,
  One coming this way into life, and one
  Going the other out of life—you know?
  So you can’t have much recollection of her.
  She had been having a long look at you.
  She put her finger in your cheek so hard
  It must have made your dimple there, and said,
  ‘Maple.’ I said it too: ‘Yes, for her name.’
  She nodded. So we’re sure there’s no mistake.
  I don’t know what she wanted it to mean,
  But it seems like some word she left to bid you
  Be a good girl—be like a maple tree.
  How like a maple tree’s for us to guess.
  Or for a little girl to guess sometime.
  Not now—at least I shouldn’t try too hard now.
  By and by I will tell you all I know
  About the different trees, and something, too,
  About your mother that perhaps may help.”
  Dangerous self-arousing words to sow.
  Luckily all she wanted of her name then
  Was to rebuke her teacher with it next day,
  And give the teacher a scare as from her father.
  Anything further had been wasted on her,
  Or so he tried to think to avoid blame.
  She would forget it. She all but forgot it.
  What he sowed with her slept so long a sleep,
  And came so near death in the dark of years,
  That when it woke and came to life again
  The flower was different from the parent seed.
  It came back vaguely at the glass one day,
  As she stood saying her name over aloud,
  Striking it gently across her lowered eyes
  To make it go well with the way she looked.
  What was it about her name? Its strangeness lay
  In having too much meaning. Other names,
  As Lesley, Carol, Irma, Marjorie,
  Signified nothing. Rose could have a meaning,
  But hadn’t as it went. (She knew a Rose.)
  This difference from other names it was
  Made people notice it—and notice her.
  (They either noticed it, or got it wrong.)
  Her problem was to find out what it asked
  In dress or manner of the girl who bore it.
  If she could form some notion of her mother—
  What she had thought was lovely, and what good.
  This was her mother’s childhood home;
  The house one story high in front, three stories
  On the end it presented to the road.
  (The arrangement made a pleasant sunny cellar.)
  Her mother’s bedroom was her father’s still,
  Where she could watch her mother’s picture fading.
  Once she found for a bookmark in the Bible
  A maple leaf she thought must have been laid
  In wait for her there. She read every word
  Of the two pages it was pressed between
  As if it was her mother speaking to her.
  But forgot to put the leaf back in closing
  And lost the place never to read again.
  She was sure, though, there had been nothing in it.

  So she looked for herself, as everyone
  Looks for himself, more or less outwardly.
  And her self-seeking, fitful though it was,
  May still have been what led her on to read,
  And think a little, and get some city schooling.
  She learned shorthand, whatever shorthand may
  Have had to do with it—she sometimes wondered.
  So, till she found herself in a strange place
  For the name Maple to have brought her to,
  Taking dictation on a paper pad,
  And in the pauses when she raised her eyes
  Watching out of a nineteenth story window
  An airship laboring with unship-like motion
  And a vague all-disturbing roar above the river
  Beyond the highest city built with hands.
  Someone was saying in such natural tones
  She almost wrote the words down on her knee,
  “Do you know you remind me of a tree—
  A maple tree?”
              “Because my name is Maple?”

  “Isn’t it Mabel? I thought it was Mabel.”

  “No doubt you’ve heard the office call me Mabel.
  I have to let them call me what they like.”

  They were both stirred that he should have divined
  Without the name her personal mystery.
  It made it seem as if there must be something
  She must have missed herself. So they were married,
  And took the fancy home with them to live by.

  They went on pilgrimage once to her father’s
  (The house one story high in front, three stories
  On the side it presented to the road)
  To see if there was not some special tree
  She might have overlooked. They could find none,
  Not so much as a single tree for shade,
  Let alone grove of trees for sugar orchard.
  She told him of the bookmark maple leaf
  In the big Bible, and all she remembered
  Of the place marked with it—“Wave offering,
  Something about wave offering, it said.”

  “You’ve never asked your father outright, have you?”

  “I have, and been put off sometime, I think.”
  (This was her faded memory of the way
  Once long ago her father had put himself off.)

  “Because no telling but it may have been
  Something between your father and your mother
  Not meant for us at all.”
                      “Not meant for me?
  Where would the fairness be in giving me
  A name to carry for life, and never know
  The secret of?”
              “And then it may have been
  Something a father couldn’t tell a daughter
  As well as could a mother. And again
  It may have been their one lapse into fancy
  ’Twould be too bad to make him sorry for
  By bringing it up to him when he was too old.
  Your father feels us round him with our questing,
  And holds us off unnecessarily,
  As if he didn’t know what little thing
  Might lead us on to a discovery.
  It was as personal as he could be
  About the way he saw it was with you
  To say your mother, had she lived, would be
  As far again as from being born to bearing.”

  “Just one look more with what you say in mind,
  And I give up”; which last look came to nothing.
  But, though they now gave up the search forever,
  They clung to what one had seen in the other
  By inspiration. It proved there was something.
  They kept their thoughts away from when the maples
  Stood uniform in buckets, and the steam
  Of sap and snow rolled off the sugar house.
  When they made her related to the maples,
  It was the tree the autumn fire ran through
  And swept of leathern leaves, but left the bark
  Unscorched, unblackened, even, by any smoke.
  They always took their holidays in autumn.
  Once they came on a maple in a glade,
  Standing alone with smooth arms lifted up,
  And every leaf of foliage she’d worn
  Laid scarlet and pale pink about her feet.
  But its age kept them from considering this one.
  Twenty-five years ago at Maple’s naming
  It hardly could have been a two-leaved seedling
  The next cow might have licked up out at pasture.
  Could it have been another maple like it?
  They hovered for a moment near discovery,
  Figurative enough to see the symbol,
  But lacking faith in anything to mean
  The same at different times to different people.
  Perhaps a filial diffidence partly kept them
  From thinking it could be a thing so bridal.
  And anyway it came too late for Maple.
  She used her hands to cover up her eyes.
  “We would not see the secret if we could now:
  We are not looking for it any more.”

  Thus had a name with meaning, given in death,
  Made a girl’s marriage, and ruled in her life.
  No matter that the meaning was not clear.
  A name with meaning could bring up a child,
  Taking the child out of the parents’ hands.
  Better a meaningless name, I should say,
  As leaving more to nature and happy chance.
  Name children some names and see what you do.

                            THE AXE-HELVE

  I’ve known ere now an interfering branch
  Of alder catch my lifted axe behind me.
  But that was in the woods, to hold my hand
  From striking at another alder’s roots,
  And that was, as I say, an alder branch.
  This was a man, Baptiste, who stole one day
  Behind me on the snow in my own yard
  Where I was working at the chopping-block,
  And cutting nothing not cut down already.
  He caught my axe expertly on the rise,
  When all my strength put forth was in his favor,
  Held it a moment where it was, to calm me,
  Then took it from me—and I let him take it.
  I didn’t know him well enough to know
  What it was all about. There might be something
  He had in mind to say to a bad neighbor
  He might prefer to say to him disarmed.
  But all he had to tell me in French-English
  Was what he thought of—not me, but my axe;
  Me only as I took my axe to heart.
  It was the bad axe-helve some one had sold me—
  “Made on machine,” he said, ploughing the grain
  With a thick thumbnail to show how it ran
  Across the handle’s long drawn serpentine,
  Like the two strokes across a dollar sign.
  “You give her one good crack, she’s snap raght off.
  Den where’s your hax-ead flying t’rough de hair?”
  Admitted; and yet, what was that to him?

  “Come on my house and I put you one in
  What’s las’ awhile—good hick’ry what’s grow crooked,
  De second growt’ I cut myself—tough, tough!”

  Something to sell? That wasn’t how it sounded.

  “Den when you say you come? It’s cost you nothing.

            As well to-night as any night.

  Beyond an over-warmth of kitchen stove
  My welcome differed from no other welcome.
  Baptiste knew best why I was where I was.
  So long as he would leave enough unsaid,
  I shouldn’t mind his being overjoyed
  (If overjoyed he was) at having got me
  Where I must judge if what he knew about an axe
  That not everybody else knew was to count
  For nothing in the measure of a neighbor.
  Hard if, though cast away for life with Yankees,
  A Frenchman couldn’t get his human rating!

  Mrs. Baptiste came in and rocked a chair
  That had as many motions as the world:
  One back and forward, in and out of shadow,
  That got her nowhere; one more gradual,
  Sideways, that would have run her on the stove
  In time, had she not realized her danger
  And caught herself up bodily, chair and all,
  And set herself back where she started from.
  “She ain’t spick too much Henglish—dat’s too bad.”

  I was afraid, in brightening first on me,
  Then on Baptiste, as if she understood
  What passed between us, she was only feigning.
  Baptiste was anxious for her; but no more
  Than for himself, so placed he couldn’t hope
  To keep his bargain of the morning with me
  In time to keep me from suspecting him
  Of really never having meant to keep it.

  Needlessly soon he had his axe-helves out,
  A quiverful to choose from, since he wished me
  To have the best he had, or had to spare—
  Not for me to ask which, when what he took
  Had beauties he had to point me out at length
  To insure their not being wasted on me.
  He liked to have it slender as a whipstock,
  Free from the least knot, equal to the strain
  Of bending like a sword across the knee.
  He showed me that the lines of a good helve
  Were native to the grain before the knife
  Expressed them, and its curves were no false curves
  Put on it from without. And there its strength lay
  For the hard work. He chafed its long white body
  From end to end with his rough hand shut round it.
  He tried it at the eye-hole in the axe-head.
  “Hahn, hahn,” he mused, “don’t need much taking down.”
  Baptiste knew how to make a short job long
  For love of it, and yet not waste time either.

  Do you know, what we talked about was knowledge?
  Baptiste on his defence about the children
  He kept from school, or did his best to keep—
  Whatever school and children and our doubts
  Of laid-on education had to do
  With the curves of his axe-helves and his having
  Used these unscrupulously to bring me
  To see for once the inside of his house.
  Was I desired in friendship, partly as some one
  To leave it to, whether the right to hold
  Such doubts of education should depend
  Upon the education of those who held them?

  But now he brushed the shavings from his knee
  And stood the axe there on its horse’s hoof,
  Erect, but not without its waves, as when
  The snake stood up for evil in the Garden,—
  Top-heavy with a heaviness his short,
  Thick hand made light of, steel-blue chin drawn down
  And in a little—a French touch in that.
  Baptiste drew back and squinted at it, pleased;
  “See how she’s cock her head!”

                            THE GRINDSTONE

  Having a wheel and four legs of its own
  Has never availed the cumbersome grindstone
  To get it anywhere that I can see.
  These hands have helped it go, and even race;
  Not all the motion, though, they ever lent,
  Not all the miles it may have thought it went,
  Have got it one step from the starting place.
  It stands beside the same old apple tree.
  The shadow of the apple tree is thin
  Upon it now, its feet are fast in snow.
  All other farm machinery’s gone in,
  And some of it on no more legs and wheel
  Than the grindstone can boast to stand or go.
  (I’m thinking chiefly of the wheelbarrow.)
  For months it hasn’t known the taste of steel,
  Washed down with rusty water in a tin.
  But standing outdoors hungry, in the cold,
  Except in towns at night, is not a sin.
  And, anyway, its standing in the yard
  Under a ruinous live apple tree
  Has nothing any more to do with me,
  Except that I remember how of old
  One summer day, all day I drove it hard,
  And someone mounted on it rode it hard,
  And he and I between us ground a blade.

  I gave it the preliminary spin,
  And poured on water (tears it might have been);
  And when it almost gayly jumped and flowed,
  A Father-Time-like man got on and rode,
  Armed with a scythe and spectacles that glowed.
  He turned on will-power to increase the load
  And slow me down—and I abruptly slowed,
  Like coming to a sudden railroad station.
  I changed from hand to hand in desperation.
  I wondered what machine of ages gone
  This represented an improvement on.
  For all I knew it may have sharpened spears
  And arrowheads itself. Much use for years
  Had gradually worn it an oblate
  Spheroid that kicked and struggled in its gait,
  Appearing to return me hate for hate;
  (But I forgive it now as easily
  As any other boyhood enemy
  Whose pride has failed to get him anywhere).
  I wondered who it was the man thought ground—
  The one who held the wheel back or the one
  Who gave his life to keep it going round?
  I wondered if he really thought it fair
  For him to have the say when we were done.
  Such were the bitter thoughts to which I turned.

  Not for myself was I so much concerned.
  Oh no!—although, of course, I could have found
  A better way to pass the afternoon
  Than grinding discord out of a grindstone,
  And beating insects at their gritty tune.
  Nor was I for the man so much concerned.
  Once when the grindstone almost jumped its bearing
  It looked as if he might be badly thrown
  And wounded on his blade. So far from caring,
  I laughed inside, and only cranked the faster,
  (It ran as if it wasn’t greased but glued);
  I’d welcome any moderate disaster
  That might be calculated to postpone
  What evidently nothing could conclude.
  The thing that made me more and more afraid
  Was that we’d ground it sharp and hadn’t known,
  And now were only wasting precious blade.
  And when he raised it dripping once and tried
  The creepy edge of it with wary touch,
  And viewed it over his glasses funny-eyed,
  Only disinterestedly to decide
  It needed a turn more, I could have cried
  Wasn’t there danger of a turn too much?
  Mightn’t we make it worse instead of better?
  I was for leaving something to the whetter.
  What if it wasn’t all it should be? I’d
  Be satisfied if he’d be satisfied.

                             PAUL’S WIFE

  To drive Paul out of any lumber camp
  All that was needed was to say to him,
  “How is the wife, Paul?”—and he’d disappear.
  Some said it was because he had no wife,
  And hated to be twitted on the subject.
  Others because he’d come within a day
  Or so of having one, and then been jilted.
  Others because he’d had one once, a good one,
  Who’d run away with some one else and left him.
  And others still because he had one now
  He only had to be reminded of,—
  He was all duty to her in a minute:
  He had to run right off to look her up,
  As if to say, “That’s so, how is my wife?
  I hope she isn’t getting into mischief.”
  No one was anxious to get rid of Paul.
  He’d been the hero of the mountain camps
  Ever since, just to show them, he had slipped
  The bark of a whole tamarack off whole,
  As clean as boys do off a willow twig
  To make a willow whistle on a Sunday
  In April by subsiding meadow brooks.
  They seemed to ask him just to see him go,
  “How is the wife, Paul?” and he always went.
  He never stopped to murder anyone
  Who asked the question. He just disappeared—
  Nobody knew in what direction,
  Although it wasn’t usually long
  Before they heard of him in some new camp,
  The same Paul at the same old feats of logging.
  The question everywhere was why should Paul
  Object to being asked a civil question—
  A man you could say almost anything to
  Short of a fighting word. You have the answers.
  And there was one more not so fair to Paul:
  That Paul had married a wife not his equal.
  Paul was ashamed of her. To match a hero,
  She would have had to be a heroine;
  Instead of which she was some half-breed squaw.
  But if the story Murphy told was true,
  She wasn’t anything to be ashamed of.

  You know Paul could do wonders. Everyone’s
  Heard how he thrashed the horses on a load
  That wouldn’t budge until they simply stretched
  Their rawhide harness from the load to camp.
  Paul told the boss the load would be all right,
  “The sun will bring your load in”—and it did—
  By shrinking the rawhide to natural length.
  That’s what is called a stretcher. But I guess
  The one about his jumping so’s to land
  With both his feet at once against the ceiling,
  And then land safely right side up again,
  Back on the floor, is fact or pretty near fact.
  Well this is such a yarn. Paul sawed his wife
  Out of a white-pine log. Murphy was there,
  And, as you might say, saw the lady born.
  Paul worked at anything in lumbering.
  He’d been hard at it taking boards away
  For—I forget—the last ambitious sawyer
  To want to find out if he couldn’t pile
  The lumber on Paul till Paul begged for mercy.
  They’d sliced the first slab off a big butt log,
  And the sawyer had slammed the carriage back
  To slam end on again against the saw teeth.
  To judge them by the way they caught themselves
  When they saw what had happened to the log,
  They must have had a guilty expectation
  Something was going to go with their slambanging.
  Something had left a broad black streak of grease
  On the new wood the whole length of the log
  Except, perhaps, a foot at either end.
  But when Paul put his finger in the grease,
  It wasn’t grease at all, but a long slot.
  The log was hollow. They were sawing pine.
  “First time I ever saw a hollow pine.
  That comes of having Paul around the place.
  Take it to hell for me,” the sawyer said.
  Everyone had to have a look at it,
  And tell Paul what he ought to do about it.
  (They treated it as his.) “You take a jack-knife,
  And spread the opening, and you’ve got a dug-out
  All dug to go a-fishing in.” To Paul
  The hollow looked too sound and clean and empty
  Ever to have housed birds or beasts or bees.
  There was no entrance for them to get in by.
  It looked to him like some new kind of hollow
  He thought he’d _better_ take his jack-knife to.
  So after work that evening he came back
  And let enough light into it by cutting
  To see if it was empty. He made out in there
  A slender length of pith, or was it pith?
  It might have been the skin a snake had cast
  And left stood up on end inside the tree
  The hundred years the tree must have been growing.
  More cutting and he had this in both hands,
  And, looking from it to the pond near by,
  Paul wondered how it would respond to water.
  Not a breeze stirred, but just the breath of air
  He made in walking slowly to the beach
  Blew it once off his hands and almost broke it.
  He laid it at the edge where it could drink.
  At the first drink it rustled and grew limp.
  At the next drink it grew invisible.
  Paul dragged the shallows for it with his fingers,
  And thought it must have melted. It was gone.
  And then beyond the open water, dim with midges,
  Where the log drive lay pressed against the boom,
  It slowly rose a person, rose a girl,
  Her wet hair heavy on her like a helmet,
  Who, leaning on a log looked back at Paul.
  And that made Paul in turn look back
  To see if it was anyone behind him
  That she was looking at instead of him.
  Murphy had been there watching all the time,
  But from a shed where neither of them could see him.
  There was a moment of suspense in birth
  When the girl seemed too water-logged to live,
  Before she caught her first breath with a gasp
  And laughed. Then she climbed slowly to her feet,
  And walked off talking to herself or Paul
  Across the logs like backs of alligators,
  Paul taking after her around the pond.

  Next evening Murphy and some other fellows
  Got drunk, and tracked the pair up Catamount,
  From the bare top of which there is a view
  To other hills across a kettle valley.
  And there, well after dark, let Murphy tell it,
  They saw Paul and his creature keeping house.
  It was the only glimpse that anyone
  Has had of Paul and her since Murphy saw them
  Falling in love across the twilight mill-pond.
  More than a mile across the wilderness
  They sat together half-way up a cliff
  In a small niche let into it, the girl
  Brightly, as if a star played on the place,
  Paul darkly, like her shadow. All the light
  Was from the girl herself, though, not from a star,
  As was apparent from what happened next.
  All those great ruffians put their throats together,
  And let out a loud yell, and threw a bottle,
  As a brute tribute of respect to beauty.
  Of course the bottle fell short by a mile,
  But the shout reached the girl and put her light out.
  She went out like a firefly, and that was all.

  So there were witnesses that Paul was married,
  And not to anyone to be ashamed of.
  Everyone had been wrong in judging Paul.
  Murphy told me Paul put on all those airs
  About his wife to keep her to himself.
  Paul was what’s called a terrible possessor.
  Owning a wife with him meant owning her.
  She wasn’t anybody else’s business,
  Either to praise her, or so much as name her,
  And he’d thank people not to think of her.
  Murphy’s idea was that a man like Paul
  Wouldn’t be spoken to about a wife
  In any way the world knew how to speak.

                             WILD GRAPES

  What tree may not the fig be gathered from?
  The grape may not be gathered from the birch?
  It’s all you know the grape, or know the birch.
  As a girl gathered from the birch myself
  Equally with my weight in grapes, one autumn,
  I ought to know what tree the grape is fruit of.
  I was born, I suppose, like anyone,
  And grew to be a little boyish girl
  My brother could not always leave at home.
  But that beginning was wiped out in fear
  The day I swung suspended with the grapes,
  And was come after like Eurydice
  And brought down safely from the upper regions;
  And the life I live now’s an extra life
  I can waste as I please on whom I please.
  So if you see me celebrate two birthdays,
  And give myself out as two different ages,
  One of them five years younger than I look—

  One day my brother led me to a glade
  Where a white birch he knew of stood alone,
  Wearing a thin head-dress of pointed leaves,
  And heavy on her heavy hair behind,
  Against her neck, an ornament of grapes.
  Grapes, I knew grapes from having seen them last year.
  One bunch of them, and there began to be
  Bunches all round me growing in white birches,
  The way they grew round Lief the Lucky’s German;
  Mostly as much beyond my lifted hands, though,
  As the moon used to seem when I was younger,
  And only freely to be had for climbing.
  My brother did the climbing; and at first
  Threw me down grapes to miss and scatter
  And have to hunt for in sweet fern and hardhack;
  Which gave him some time to himself to eat,
  But not so much, perhaps, as a boy needed.
  So then, to make me wholly self-supporting,
  He climbed still higher and bent the tree to earth,
  And put it in my hands to pick my own grapes.
  “Here, take a tree-top, I’ll get down another.
  Hold on with all your might when I let go.”
  I said I had the tree. It wasn’t true.
  The opposite was true. The tree had me.
  The minute it was left with me alone
  It caught me up as if I were the fish
  And it the fishpole. So I was translated
  To loud cries from my brother of “Let go!
  Don’t you know anything, you girl? Let go!”
  But I, with something of the baby grip
  Acquired ancestrally in just such trees
  When wilder mothers than our wildest now
  Hung babies out on branches by the hands
  To dry or wash or tan, I don’t know which
  (You’ll have to ask an evolutionist)—
  I held on uncomplainingly for life.
  My brother tried to make me laugh to help me.
  “What are you doing up there in those grapes?
  Don’t be afraid. A few of them won’t hurt you.
  I mean, they won’t pick you if you don’t them.”
  Much danger of my picking anything!

  By that time I was pretty well reduced
  To a philosophy of hang-and-let-hang.
  “Now you know how it feels,” my brother said,
  “To be a bunch of fox-grapes, as they call them,
  That when it thinks it has escaped the fox
  By growing where it shouldn’t—on a birch,
  Where a fox wouldn’t think to look for it—
  And if he looked and found it, couldn’t reach it—
  Just then come you and I to gather it.
  Only you have the advantage of the grapes
  In one way: you have one more stem to cling by,
  And promise more resistance to the picker.”

  One by one I lost off my hat and shoes,
  And still I clung. I let my head fall back,
  And shut my eyes against the sun, my ears
  Against my brother’s nonsense; “Drop,” he said,
  “I’ll catch you in my arms. It isn’t far.”
  (Stated in lengths of him it might not be.)
  “Drop or I’ll shake the tree and shake you down.”
  Grim silence on my part as I sank lower,
  My small wrists stretching till they showed the banjo strings.
  “Why, if she isn’t serious about it!
  Hold tight awhile till I think what to do.
  I’ll bend the tree down and let you down by it.”
  I don’t know much about the letting down;
  But once I felt ground with my stocking feet
  And the world came revolving back to me,
  I know I looked long at my curled-up fingers,
  Before I straightened them and brushed the bark off.
  My brother said: “Don’t you weigh anything?
  Try to weigh something next time, so you won’t
  Be run off with by birch trees into space.”

  It wasn’t my not weighing anything
  So much as my not knowing anything—
  My brother had been nearer right before.
  I had not taken the first step in knowledge;
  I had not learned to let go with the hands,
  As still I have not learned to with the heart,
  And have no wish to with the heart—nor need,
  That I can see. The mind—is not the heart.
  I may yet live, as I know others live,
  To wish in vain to let go with the mind—
  Of cares, at night, to sleep; but nothing tells me
  That I need learn to let go with the heart.

                          PLACE FOR A THIRD

  Nothing to say to all those marriages!
  She had made three herself to three of his.
  The score was even for them, three to three.
  But come to die she found she cared so much:
  She thought of children in a burial row;
  Three children in a burial row were sad.
  One man’s three women in a burial row
  Somehow made her impatient with the man.
  And so she said to Laban, “You have done
  A good deal right; don’t do the last thing wrong.
  Don’t make me lie with those two other women.”

  Laban said, No, he would not make her lie
  With anyone but that she had a mind to,
  If that was how she felt, of course, he said.
  She went her way. But Laban having caught
  This glimpse of lingering person in Eliza,
  And anxious to make all he could of it
  With something he remembered in himself,
  Tried to think how he could exceed his promise,
  And give good measure to the dead, though thankless.
  If that was how she felt, he kept repeating.
  His first thought under pressure was a grave
  In a new boughten grave plot by herself,
  Under he didn’t care how great a stone:
  He’d sell a yoke of steers to pay for it.
  And weren’t there special cemetery flowers,
  That, once grief sets to growing, grief may rest:
  The flowers will go on with grief awhile,
  And no one seem neglecting or neglected?
  A prudent grief will not despise such aids.
  He thought of evergreen and everlasting.
  And then he had a thought worth many of these.
  Somewhere must be the grave of the young boy
  Who married her for playmate more than helpmate,
  And sometimes laughed at what it was between them.
  How would she like to sleep her last with him?
  Where was his grave? Did Laban know his name?

  He found the grave a town or two away,
  The headstone cut with _John, Beloved Husband_,
  Beside it room reserved, the say a sister’s,
  A never-married sister’s of that husband,
  Whether Eliza would be welcome there.
  The dead was bound to silence: ask the sister.
  So Laban saw the sister, and, saying nothing
  Of where Eliza wanted _not_ to lie,
  And who had thought to lay her with her first love,
  Begged simply for the grave. The sister’s face
  Fell all in wrinkles of responsibility.
  She wanted to do right. She’d have to think.
  Laban was old and poor, yet seemed to care;
  And she was old and poor—but she cared, too.
  They sat. She cast one dull, old look at him,
  Then turned him out to go on other errands
  She said he might attend to in the village,
  While she made up her mind how much she cared—
  And how much Laban cared—and why he cared,
  (She made shrewd eyes to see where he came in.)
  She’d looked Eliza up her second time,
  A widow at her second husband’s grave,
  And offered her a home to rest awhile
  Before she went the poor man’s widow’s way,
  Housekeeping for the next man out of wedlock.
  She and Eliza had been friends through all.
  Who was she to judge marriage in a world
  Whose Bible’s so confused in marriage counsel?
  The sister had not come across this Laban;
  A decent product of life’s ironing-out;
  She must not keep him waiting. Time would press
  Between the death day and the funeral day.
  So when she saw him coming in the street
  She hurried her decision to be ready
  To meet him with his answer at the door.
  Laban had known about what it would be
  From the way she had set her poor old mouth,
  To do, as she had put it, what was right.

  She gave it through the screen door closed between them:
  “No, not with John. There wouldn’t be no sense.
  Eliza’s had too many other men.”

  Laban was forced to fall back on his plan
  To buy Eliza a plot to lie alone in:
  Which gives him for himself a choice of lots
  When his time comes to die and settle down.

                             TWO WITCHES

                         I. THE WITCH OF COÖS
                                                          _Circa_ 1922

  I staid the night for shelter at a farm
  Behind the mountain, with a mother and son,
  Two old-believers. They did all the talking.

    _Mother._ Folks think a witch who has familiar spirits
  She could call up to pass a winter evening,
  But won’t, should be burned at the stake or something.
  Summoning spirits isn’t “Button, button,
  Who’s got the button,” I would have them know.

    _Son._ Mother can make a common table rear
  And kick with two legs like an army mule.

    _Mother._ And when I’ve done it, what good have I done?
  Rather than tip a table for you, let me
  Tell you what Ralle the Sioux Control once told me.
  He said the dead had souls, but when I asked him
  How could that be—I thought the dead were souls,
  He broke my trance. Don’t that make you suspicious
  That there’s something the dead are keeping back?
  Yes, there’s something the dead are keeping back.

    _Son._ You wouldn’t want to tell him what we have
  Up attic, mother?

    _Mother._ Bones—a skeleton.

    _Son._ But the headboard of mother’s bed is pushed
  Against the attic door: the door is nailed.
  It’s harmless. Mother hears it in the night
  Halting perplexed behind the barrier
  Of door and headboard. Where it wants to get
  Is back into the cellar where it came from.

    _Mother._ We’ll never let them, will we, son? We’ll never!

    _Son._ It left the cellar forty years ago
  And carried itself like a pile of dishes
  Up one flight from the cellar to the kitchen,
  Another from the kitchen to the bedroom,
  Another from the bedroom to the attic,
  Right past both father and mother, and neither stopped it.
  Father had gone upstairs; mother was downstairs.
  I was a baby: I don’t know where I was.

    _Mother._ The only fault my husband found with me—
  I went to sleep before I went to bed,
  Especially in winter when the bed
  Might just as well be ice and the clothes snow.
  The night the bones came up the cellar-stairs
  Toffile had gone to bed alone and left me,
  But left an open door to cool the room off
  So as to sort of turn me out of it.
  I was just coming to myself enough
  To wonder where the cold was coming from,
  When I heard Toffile upstairs in the bedroom
  And thought I heard him downstairs in the cellar.
  The board we had laid down to walk dry-shod on
  When there was water in the cellar in spring
  Struck the hard cellar bottom. And then someone
  Began the stairs, two footsteps for each step,
  The way a man with one leg and a crutch,
  Or a little child, comes up. It wasn’t Toffile:
  It wasn’t anyone who could be there.
  The bulkhead double-doors were double-locked
  And swollen tight and buried under snow.
  The cellar windows were banked up with sawdust
  And swollen tight and buried under snow.
  It was the bones. I knew them—and good reason.
  My first impulse was to get to the knob
  And hold the door. But the bones didn’t try
  The door; they halted helpless on the landing,
  Waiting for things to happen in their favor.
  The faintest restless rustling ran all through them.
  I never could have done the thing I did
  If the wish hadn’t been too strong in me
  To see how they were mounted for this walk.
  I had a vision of them put together
  Not like a man, but like a chandelier.
  So suddenly I flung the door wide on him.
  A moment he stood balancing with emotion,
  And all but lost himself. (A tongue of fire
  Flashed out and licked along his upper teeth.
  Smoke rolled inside the sockets of his eyes.)
  Then he came at me with one hand outstretched,
  The way he did in life once; but this time
  I struck the hand off brittle on the floor,
  And fell back from him on the floor myself.
  The finger-pieces slid in all directions.
  (Where did I see one of those pieces lately?
  Hand me my button-box—it must be there.)
  I sat up on the floor and shouted, “Toffile,
  It’s coming up to you.” It had its choice
  Of the door to the cellar or the hall.
  It took the hall door for the novelty,
  And set off briskly for so slow a thing,
  Still going every which way in the joints, though,
  So that it looked like lightning or a scribble,
  From the slap I had just now given its hand.
  I listened till it almost climbed the stairs
  From the hall to the only finished bedroom,
  Before I got up to do anything;
  Then ran and shouted, “Shut the bedroom door,
  Toffile, for my sake!” “Company,” he said,
  “Don’t make me get up; I’m too warm in bed.”
  So lying forward weakly on the handrail
  I pushed myself upstairs, and in the light
  (The kitchen had been dark) I had to own
  I could see nothing. “Toffile, I don’t see it.
  It’s with us in the room though. It’s the bones.”
  “What bones?” “The cellar bones—out of the grave.”
  That made him throw his bare legs out of bed
  And sit up by me and take hold of me.
  I wanted to put out the light and see
  If I could see it, or else mow the room,
  With our arms at the level of our knees,
  And bring the chalk-pile down. “I’ll tell you what—
  It’s looking for another door to try.
  The uncommonly deep snow has made him think
  Of his old song, _The Wild Colonial Boy_,
  He always used to sing along the tote-road.
  He’s after an open door to get out-doors.
  Let’s trap him with an open door up attic.”
  Toffile agreed to that, and sure enough,
  Almost the moment he was given an opening,
  The steps began to climb the attic stairs.
  I heard them. Toffile didn’t seem to hear them.
  “Quick!” I slammed to the door and held the knob.
  “Toffile, get nails.” I made him nail the door shut,
  And push the headboard of the bed against it.
  Then we asked was there anything
  Up attic that we’d ever want again.
  The attic was less to us than the cellar.
  If the bones liked the attic, let them have it,
  Let them stay in the attic. When they sometimes
  Come down the stairs at night and stand perplexed
  Behind the door and headboard of the bed,
  Brushing their chalky skull with chalky fingers,
  With sounds like the dry rattling of a shutter,
  That’s what I sit up in the dark to say—
  To no one any more since Toffile died.
  Let them stay in the attic since they went there.
  I promised Toffile to be cruel to them
  For helping them be cruel once to him.

    _Son._ We think they had a grave down in the cellar.

    _Mother._ We know they had a grave down in the cellar.

    _Son._ We never could find out whose bones they were.

    _Mother._ Yes, we could too, son. Tell the truth for once.
  They were a man’s his father killed for me.
  I mean a man he killed instead of me.
  The least I could do was to help dig their grave.
  We were about it one night in the cellar.
  Son knows the story: but ’twas not for him
  To tell the truth, suppose the time had come.
  Son looks surprised to see me end a lie
  We’d kept all these years between ourselves
  So as to have it ready for outsiders.
  But tonight I don’t care enough to lie—
  I don’t remember why I ever cared.
  Toffile, if he were here, I don’t believe
  Could tell you why he ever cared himself . . .

  She hadn’t found the finger-bone she wanted
  Among the buttons poured out in her lap.
  I verified the name next morning: Toffile.
  The rural letter-box said Toffile Lajway.

                   II. THE PAUPER WITCH OF GRAFTON

  Now that they’ve got it settled whose I be,
  I’m going to tell them something they won’t like:
  They’ve got it settled wrong, and I can prove it.
  Flattered I must be to have two towns fighting
  To make a present of me to each other.
  They don’t dispose me, either one of them,
  To spare them any trouble. Double trouble’s
  Always the witch’s motto anyway.
  I’ll double theirs for both of them—you watch me.
  They’ll find they’ve got the whole thing to do over,
  That is, if facts is what they want to go by.
  They set a lot (now don’t they?) by a record
  Of Arthur Amy’s having once been up
  For Hog Reeve in March Meeting here in Warren.
  I could have told them any time this twelvemonth
  The Arthur Amy I was married to
  Couldn’t have been the one they say was up
  In Warren at March Meeting for the reason
  He wa’n’t but fifteen at the time they say.
  The Arthur Amy I was married to
  Voted the only times he ever voted,
  Which wasn’t many, in the town of Wentworth.
  One of the times was when ’twas in the warrant
  To see if the town wanted to take over
  The tote road to our clearing where we lived.
  I’ll tell you who’d remember—Heman Lapish.
  Their Arthur Amy was the father of mine.
  So now they’ve dragged it through the law courts once
  I guess they’d better drag it through again.
  Wentworth and Warren’s both good towns to live in,
  Only I happen to prefer to live
  In Wentworth from now on; and when all’s said,
  Right’s right, and the temptation to do right
  When I can hurt someone by doing it
  Has always been too much for me, it has.
  I know of some folks that’d be set up
  At having in their town a noted witch:
  But most would have to think of the expense
  That even I would be. They ought to know
  That as a witch I’d often milk a bat
  And that’d be enough to last for days.
  It’d make my position stronger, think,
  If I was to consent to give some sign
  To make it surer that I was a witch?
  It wa’n’t no sign, I s’pose, when Mallice Huse
  Said that I took him out in his old age
  And rode all over everything on him
  Until I’d had him worn to skin and bones.
  And if I’d left him hitched unblanketed
  In front of one Town Hall, I’d left him hitched
  In front of every one in Grafton County.
  Some cried shame on me not to blanket him,
  The poor old man. It would have been all right
  If some one hadn’t said to gnaw the posts
  He stood beside and leave his trade mark on them,
  So they could recognize them. Not a post
  That they could hear tell of was scarified.
  They made him keep on gnawing till he whined.
  Then that same smarty someone said to look—
  He’d bet Huse was a cribber and had gnawed
  The crib he slept in—and as sure’s you’re born
  They found he’d gnawed the four posts of his bed,
  All four of them to splinters. What did that prove?
  Not that he hadn’t gnawed the hitching posts
  He said he had besides. Because a horse
  Gnaws in the stable ain’t no proof to me
  He don’t gnaw trees and posts and fences too.
  But everybody took it for a proof.
  I was a strapping girl of twenty then.
  The smarty someone who spoiled everything
  Was Arthur Amy. You know who he was.
  That was the way he started courting me.
  He never said much after we were married,
  But I mistrusted he was none too proud
  Of having interfered in the Huse business.
  I guess he found he got more out of me
  By having me a witch. Or something happened
  To turn him round. He got to saying things
  To undo what he’d done and make it right,
  Like, “No, she ain’t come back from kiting yet.
  Last night was one of her nights out. She’s kiting.
  She thinks when the wind makes a night of it
  She might as well herself.” But he liked best
  To let on he was plagued to death with me:
  If anyone had seen me coming home
  Over the ridgepole, ’stride of a broomstick,
  As often as he had in the tail of the night,
  He guessed they’d know what he had to put up with.
  Well, I showed Arthur Amy signs enough
  Off from the house as far as we could keep
  And from barn smells you can’t wash out of ploughed ground
  With all the rain and snow of seven years;
  And I don’t mean just skulls of Roger’s Rangers
  On Moosilauke, but woman signs to man,
  Only bewitched so I would last him longer.
  Up where the trees grow short, the mosses tall,
  I made him gather me wet snow berries
  On slippery rocks beside a waterfall.
  I made him do it for me in the dark.
  And he liked everything I made him do.
  I hope if he is where he sees me now
  He’s so far off he can’t see what I’ve come to.
  You _can_ come down from everything to nothing.
  All is, if I’d a-known when I was young
  And full of it, that this would be the end,
  It doesn’t seem as if I’d had the courage
  To make so free and kick up in folks’ faces.
  I might have, but it doesn’t seem as if.

                           AN EMPTY THREAT

  I stay;
  But it isn’t as if
  There wasn’t always Hudson’s Bay
  And the fur trade,
  A small skiff
  And a paddle blade.

  I can just see my tent pegged,
  And me on the floor,
  And a trapper looking in at the door
  With furs to sell.

  His name’s Joe,
  Alias John,
  And between what he doesn’t know
  And won’t tell
  About where Henry Hudson’s gone,
  I can’t say he’s much help;
  But we get on.

  The seal yelp
  On an ice cake.
  It’s not men by some mistake?

  There’s not a soul
  For a wind-break
  Between me and the North Pole—

  Except always John-Joe,
  My French Indian Esquimaux,
  And he’s off setting traps,
  In one himself perhaps.

  Give a head shake
  Over so much bay
  Thrown away
  In snow and mist
  That doesn’t exist,
  I was going to say,
  For God, man or beast’s sake,
  Yet does perhaps for all three.

  Don’t ask Joe
  What it is to him.
  It’s sometimes dim
  What it is to me,
  Unless it be
  It’s the old captain’s dark fate
  Who failed to find or force a strait
  In its two-thousand-mile coast;
  And his crew left him where he failed,
  And nothing came of all he sailed.

  It’s to say, “You and I”
  To such a ghost,
  “You and I
  Off here
  With the dead race of the Great Auk!”
  And, “Better defeat almost,
  If seen clear,
  Than life’s victories of doubt
  That need endless talk talk
  To make them out.”


  Old Davis owned a solid mica mountain
  In Dalton that would some day make his fortune.
  There’d been some Boston people out to see it:
  And experts said that deep down in the mountain
  The mica sheets were big as plate glass windows.
  He’d like to take me there and show it to me.

  “I’ll tell you what you show me. You remember
  You said you knew the place where once, on Kinsman,
  The early Mormons made a settlement
  And built a stone baptismal font outdoors—
  But Smith, or some one, called them off the mountain
  To go West to a worse fight with the desert.
  You said you’d seen the stone baptismal font.
  Well, take me there.”

                  “Some day I will.”


  “Huh, that old bath-tub, what is that to see?
  Let’s talk about it.”

                  “Let’s go see the place.”

  “To shut you up I’ll tell you what I’ll do:
  I’ll find that fountain if it takes all summer,
  And both of our united strengths, to do it.”

  “You’ve lost it, then?”

                    “Not so but I can find it.
  No doubt it’s grown up some to woods around it.
  The mountain may have shifted since I saw it
  In eighty-five.”

              “As long ago as that?”

  “If I remember rightly, it had sprung
  A leak and emptied then. And forty years
  Can do a good deal to bad masonry.
  You won’t see any Mormon swimming in it.
  But you have said it, and we’re off to find it.
  Old as I am, I’m going to let myself
  Be dragged by you all over everywhere—”

  “I thought you were a guide.”

                          “I am a guide,
  And that’s why I can’t decently refuse you.”

  We made a day of it out of the world,
  Ascending to descend to reascend.
  The old man seriously took his bearings,
  And spoke his doubts in every open place.

  We came out on a look-off where we faced
  A cliff, and on the cliff a bottle painted,
  Or stained by vegetation from above,
  A likeness to surprise the thrilly tourist.

  “Well, if I haven’t brought you to the fountain,
  At least I’ve brought you to the famous Bottle.”

  “I won’t accept the substitute. It’s empty.”

  “So’s everything.”

                “I want my fountain.”

  “I guess you’d find the fountain just as empty.
  And anyway this tells me where I am.”

  “Hadn’t you long suspected where you were?”

  “You mean miles from that Mormon settlement?
  Look here, you treat your guide with due respect
  If you don’t want to spend the night outdoors.
  I vow we must be near the place from where
  The two converging slides, the avalanches,
  On Marshall, look like donkey’s ears.
  We may as well see that and save the day.”

  “Don’t donkey’s ears suggest we shake our own?”

  “For God’s sake, aren’t you fond of viewing nature?
  You don’t like nature. All you like is books.
  What signify a donkey’s ears and bottle,
  However natural? Give you your books!
  Well then, right here is where I show you books.
  Come straight down off this mountain just as fast
  As we can fall and keep a-bouncing on our feet.
  It’s hell for knees unless done hell-for-leather.”

  “Be ready,” I thought, “for almost anything.”

  We struck a road I didn’t recognize,
  But welcomed for the chance to lave my shoes
  In dust once more. We followed this a mile,
  Perhaps, to where it ended at a house
  I didn’t know was there. It was the kind
  To bring me to for broad-board panelling.
  I never saw so good a house deserted.

  “Excuse me if I ask you in a window
  That happens to be broken,” Davis said.
  “The outside doors as yet have held against us.
  I want to introduce you to the people
  Who used to live here. They were Robinsons.
  You must have heard of Clara Robinson,
  The poetess who wrote the book of verses
  And had it published. It was all about
  The posies on her inner window sill,
  And the birds on her outer window sill,
  And how she tended both, or had them tended:
  She never tended anything herself.
  She was ‘shut in’ for life. She lived her whole
  Life long in bed, and wrote her things in bed.
  I’ll show you how she had her sills extended
  To entertain the birds and hold the flowers.
  Our business first’s up attic with her books.”

  We trod uncomfortably on crunching glass
  Through a house stripped of everything
  Except, it seemed, the poetess’s poems.
  Books, I should say!—if books are what is needed.
  A whole edition in a packing-case,
  That, overflowing like a horn of plenty,
  Or like the poetess’s heart of love,
  Had spilled them near the window toward the light,
  Where driven rain had wet and swollen them.
  Enough to stock a village library—
  Unfortunately all of one kind, though.
  They had been brought home from some publisher
  And taken thus into the family.
  Boys and bad hunters had known what to do
  With stone and lead to unprotected glass:
  Shatter it inward on the unswept floors.
  How had the tender verse escaped their outrage?
  By being invisible for what it was,
  Or else by some remoteness that defied them
  To find out what to do to hurt a poem.
  Yet oh! the tempting flatness of a book,
  To send it sailing out the attic window
  Till it caught the wind, and, opening out its covers,
  Tried to improve on sailing like a tile
  By flying like a bird (silent in flight,
  But all the burden of its body song),
  Only to tumble like a stricken bird,
  And lie in stones and bushes unretrieved.
  Books were not thrown irreverently about.
  They simply lay where some one now and then,
  Having tried one, had dropped it at his feet
  And left it lying where it fell rejected.
  Here were all those the poetess’s life
  Had been too short to sell or give away.

  “Take one,” Old Davis bade me graciously.

  “Why not take two or three?”

                          “Take all you want.
  Good-looking books like that.” He picked one fresh
  In virgin wrapper from deep in the box,
  And stroked it with a horny-handed kindness.
  He read in one and I read in another,
  Both either looking for or finding something.

  The attic wasps went missing by like bullets.

  I was soon satisfied for the time being.

  All the way home I kept remembering
  The small book in my pocket. It was there.
  The poetess had sighed, I knew, in heaven
  At having eased her heart of one more copy—
  Legitimately. My demand upon her,
  Though slight, was a demand. She felt the tug.
  In time she would be rid of all her books.

                        I WILL SING YOU ONE-O

  It was long I lay
  Awake that night
  Wishing the tower
  Would name the hour
  And tell me whether
  To call it day
  (Though not yet light)
  And give up sleep.
  The snow fell deep
  With the hiss of spray;
  Two winds would meet,
  One down one street,
  One down another,
  And fight in a smother
  Of dust and feather.
  I could not say,
  But feared the cold
  Had checked the pace
  Of the tower clock
  By tying together
  Its hands of gold
  Before its face.

  Then came one knock!
  A note unruffled
  Of earthly weather,
  Though strange and muffled.
  The tower said, “One!”
  And then a steeple.
  They spoke to themselves
  And such few people
  As winds might rouse
  From sleeping warm
  (But not unhouse).
  They left the storm
  That struck _en masse_
  My window glass
  Like a beaded fur.
  In that grave One
  They spoke of the sun
  And moon and stars,
  Saturn and Mars
  And Jupiter.
  Still more unfettered,
  They left the named
  And spoke of the lettered,
  The sigmas and taus
  Of constellations.
  They filled their throats
  With the furthest bodies
  To which man sends his
  Beyond which God is;
  The cosmic motes
  Of yawning lenses.
  Their solemn peals
  Were not their own:
  They spoke for the clock
  With whose vast wheels
  Theirs interlock.

  In that grave word
  Uttered alone
  The utmost star
  Trembled and stirred,
  Though set so far
  Its whirling frenzies
  Appear like standing
  In one self station.
  It has not ranged,
  And save for the wonder
  Of once expanding
  To be a nova,
  It has not changed
  To the eye of man
  On planets over
  Around and under
  It in creation
  Since man began
  To drag down man
  And nation nation.

                           FRAGMENTARY BLUE

  Why make so much of fragmentary blue
  In here and there a bird, or butterfly,
  Or flower, or wearing-stone, or open eye,
  When heaven presents in sheets the solid hue?

  Since earth is earth, perhaps, not heaven (as yet)—
  Though some savants make earth include the sky;
  And blue so far above us comes so high,
  It only gives our wish for blue a whet.

                             FIRE AND ICE

  Some say the world will end in fire,
  Some say in ice.
  From what I’ve tasted of desire
  I hold with those who favor fire.
  But if it had to perish twice,
  I think I know enough of hate
  To say that for destruction ice
  Is also great
  And would suffice.

                        IN A DISUSED GRAVEYARD

  The living come with grassy tread
  To read the gravestones on the hill;
  The graveyard draws the living still,
  But never any more the dead.

  The verses in it say and say:
  “The ones who living come today
  To read the stones and go away
  Tomorrow dead will come to stay.”

  So sure of death the marbles rhyme,
  Yet can’t help marking all the time
  How no one dead will seem to come.
  What is it men are shrinking from?

  It would be easy to be clever
  And tell the stones: Men hate to die
  And have stopped dying now forever.
  I think they would believe the lie.

                             DUST OF SNOW

  The way a crow
  Shook down on me
  The dust of snow
  From a hemlock tree

  Has given my heart
  A change of mood
  And saved some part
  Of a day I had rued.

                               TO E. T.

  I slumbered with your poems on my breast
  Spread open as I dropped them half-read through
  Like dove wings on a figure on a tomb
  To see, if in a dream they brought of you,

  I might not have the chance I missed in life
  Through some delay, and call you to your face
  First soldier, and then poet, and then both,
  Who died a soldier-poet of your race.

  I meant, you meant, that nothing should remain
  Unsaid between us, brother, and this remained—
  And one thing more that was not then to say:
  The Victory for what it lost and gained.

  You went to meet the shell’s embrace of fire
  On Vimy Ridge; and when you fell that day
  The war seemed over more for you than me,
  But now for me than you—the other way.

  How over, though, for even me who knew
  The foe thrust back unsafe beyond the Rhine,
  If I was not to speak of it to you
  And see you pleased once more with words of mine?

                        NOTHING GOLD CAN STAY

  Nature’s first green is gold,
  Her hardest hue to hold.
  Her early leaf’s a flower;
  But only so an hour.
  Then leaf subsides to leaf.
  So Eden sank to grief,
  So dawn goes down to day.
  Nothing gold can stay.

                             THE RUNAWAY

  Once when the snow of the year was beginning to fall,
  We stopped by a mountain pasture to say, “Whose colt?”
  A little Morgan had one forefoot on the wall,
  The other curled at his breast. He dipped his head
  And snorted at us. And then he had to bolt.
  We heard the miniature thunder where he fled,
  And we saw him, or thought we saw him, dim and grey,
  Like a shadow against the curtain of falling flakes.
  “I think the little fellow’s afraid of the snow.
  He isn’t winter-broken. It isn’t play
  With the little fellow at all. He’s running away.
  I doubt if even his mother could tell him, ‘Sakes,
  It’s only weather.’ He’d think she didn’t know!
  Where is his mother? He can’t be out alone.”
  And now he comes again with clatter of stone,
  And mounts the wall again with whited eyes
  And all his tail that isn’t hair up straight.
  He shudders his coat as if to throw off flies.
  “Whoever it is that leaves him out so late,
  When other creatures have gone to stall and bin,
  Ought to be told to come and take him in.”

                           THE AIM WAS SONG

  Before man came to blow it right
    The wind once blew itself untaught,
  And did its loudest day and night
    In any rough place where it caught.

  Man came to tell it what was wrong:
    It hadn’t found the place to blow;
  It blew too hard—the aim was song.
    And listen—how it ought to go!

  He took a little in his mouth,
    And held it long enough for north
  To be converted into south,
    And then by measure blew it forth.

  By measure. It was word and note,
    The wind the wind had meant to be—
  A little through the lips and throat.
    The aim was song—the wind could see.


  Whose woods these are I think I know.
  His house is in the village though;
  He will not see me stopping here
  To watch his woods fill up with snow.

  My little horse must think it queer
  To stop without a farmhouse near
  Between the woods and frozen lake
  The darkest evening of the year.

  He gives his harness bells a shake
  To ask if there is some mistake.
  The only other sound’s the sweep
  Of easy wind and downy flake.

  The woods are lovely, dark and deep,
  But I have promises to keep,
  And miles to go before I sleep,
  And miles to go before I sleep.

                      FOR ONCE, THEN, SOMETHING

  Others taunt me with having knelt at well-curbs
  Always wrong to the light, so never seeing
  Deeper down in the well than where the water
  Gives me back in a shining surface picture
  Me myself in the summer heaven godlike
  Looking out of a wreath of fern and cloud puffs.
  _Once_, when trying with chin against a well-curb,
  I discerned, as I thought, beyond the picture,
  Through the picture, a something white, uncertain,
  Something more of the depths—and then I lost it.
  Water came to rebuke the too clear water.
  One drop fell from a fern, and lo, a ripple
  Shook whatever it was lay there at bottom,
  Blurred it, blotted it out. What was that whiteness?
  Truth? A pebble of quartz? For once, then, something.

                          BLUE-BUTTERFLY DAY

  It is blue-butterfly day here in spring,
  And with these sky-flakes down in flurry on flurry
  There is more unmixed color on the wing
  Than flowers will show for days unless they hurry.

  But these are flowers that fly and all but sing:
  And now from having ridden out desire
  They lie closed over in the wind and cling
  Where wheels have freshly sliced the April mire.

                              THE ONSET

  Always the same, when on a fated night
  At last the gathered snow lets down as white
  As may be in dark woods, and with a song
  It shall not make again all winter long
  Of hissing on the yet uncovered ground,
  I almost stumble looking up and round,
  As one who overtaken by the end
  Gives up his errand, and lets death descend
  Upon him where he is, with nothing done
  To evil, no important triumph won,
  More than if life had never been begun.

  Yet all the precedent is on my side:
  I know that winter death has never tried
  The earth but it has failed: the snow may heap
  In long storms an undrifted four feet deep
  As measured against maple, birch and oak,
  It cannot check the peeper’s silver croak;
  And I shall see the snow all go down hill
  In water of a slender April rill
  That flashes tail through last year’s withered brake
  And dead weeds, like a disappearing snake.
  Nothing will be left white but here a birch,
  And there a clump of houses with a church.

                             TO EARTHWARD

  Love at the lips was touch
  As sweet as I could bear;
  And once that seemed too much;
  I lived on air

  That crossed me from sweet things,
  The flow of—was it musk
  From hidden grapevine springs
  Down hill at dusk?

  I had the swirl and ache
  From sprays of honeysuckle
  That when they’re gathered shake
  Dew on the knuckle.

  I craved strong sweets, but those
  Seemed strong when I was young;
  The petal of the rose
  It was that stung.

  Now no joy but lacks salt
  That is not dashed with pain
  And weariness and fault;
  I crave the stain

  Of tears, the aftermark
  Of almost too much love,
  The sweet of bitter bark
  And burning clove.

  When stiff and sore and scarred
  I take away my hand
  From leaning on it hard
  In grass and sand,

  The hurt is not enough:
  I long for weight and strength
  To feel the earth as rough
  To all my length.

                        GOOD-BYE AND KEEP COLD

  This saying good-bye on the edge of the dark
  And cold to an orchard so young in the bark
  Reminds me of all that can happen to harm
  An orchard away at the end of the farm
  All winter, cut off by a hill from the house.
  I don’t want it girdled by rabbit and mouse,
  I don’t want it dreamily nibbled for browse
  By deer, and I don’t want it budded by grouse.
  (If certain it wouldn’t be idle to call
  I’d summon grouse, rabbit, and deer to the wall
  And warn them away with a stick for a gun.)
  I don’t want it stirred by the heat of the sun.
  (We made it secure against being, I hope,
  By setting it out on a northerly slope.)
  No orchard’s the worse for the wintriest storm;
  But one thing about it, it mustn’t get warm.
  “How often already you’ve had to be told,
  Keep cold, young orchard. Good-bye and keep cold.
  Dread fifty above more than fifty below.”
  I have to be gone for a season or so.
  My business awhile is with different trees,
  Less carefully nourished, less fruitful than these,
  And such as is done to their wood with an axe—
  Maples and birches and tamaracks.
  I wish I could promise to lie in the night
  And think of an orchard’s arboreal plight
  When slowly (and nobody comes with a light)
  Its heart sinks lower under the sod.
  But something has to be left to God.

                           TWO LOOK AT TWO

  Love and forgetting might have carried them
  A little further up the mountain side
  With night so near, but not much further up.
  They must have halted soon in any case
  With thoughts of the path back, how rough it was
  With rock and washout, and unsafe in darkness;
  When they were halted by a tumbled wall
  With barbed-wire binding. They stood facing this,
  Spending what onward impulse they still had
  In one last look the way they must not go,
  On up the failing path, where, if a stone
  Or earthslide moved at night, it moved itself;
  No footstep moved it. “This is all,” they sighed,
  “Good-night to woods.” But not so; there was more.
  A doe from round a spruce stood looking at them
  Across the wall, as near the wall as they.
  She saw them in their field, they her in hers.
  The difficulty of seeing what stood still,
  Like some up-ended boulder split in two,
  Was in her clouded eyes: they saw no fear there.
  She seemed to think that two thus they were safe.
  Then, as if they were something that, though strange,
  She could not trouble her mind with too long,
  She sighed and passed unscared along the wall.
  “_This_, then, is all. What more is there to ask?”
  But no, not yet. A snort to bid them wait.
  A buck from round the spruce stood looking at them
  Across the wall as near the wall as they.
  This was an antlered buck of lusty nostril,
  Not the same doe come back into her place.
  He viewed them quizzically with jerks of head,
  As if to ask, “Why don’t you make some motion?
  Or give some sign of life? Because you can’t.
  I doubt if you’re as living as you look.”
  Thus till he had them almost feeling dared
  To stretch a proffering hand—and a spell-breaking.
  Then he too passed unscared along the wall.
  Two had seen two, whichever side you spoke from.
  “This _must_ be all.” It was all. Still they stood,
  A great wave from it going over them,
  As if the earth in one unlooked-for favor
  Had made them certain earth returned their love.

                             NOT TO KEEP

  They sent him back to her. The letter came
  Saying . . . And she could have him. And before
  She could be sure there was no hidden ill
  Under the formal writing, he was in her sight,
  Living. They gave him back to her alive—
  How else? They are not known to send the dead—
  And not disfigured visibly. His face?
  His hands? She had to look, to ask,
  “What is it, dear?” And she had given all
  And still she had all—_they_ had—they the lucky!
  Wasn’t she glad now? Everything seemed won,
  And all the rest for them permissible ease.
  She had to ask, “What was it, dear?”
  Yet not enough. A bullet through and through,
  High in the breast. Nothing but what good care
  And medicine and rest, and you a week,
  Can cure me of to go again.” The same
  Grim giving to do over for them both.
  She dared no more than ask him with her eyes
  How was it with him for a second trial.
  And with his eyes he asked her not to ask.
  They had given him back to her, but not to keep.

                         A BROOK IN THE CITY

  The farm house lingers, though averse to square
  With the new city street it has to wear
  A number in. But what about the brook
  That held the house as in an elbow-crook?
  I ask as one who knew the brook, its strength
  And impulse, having dipped a finger length
  And made it leap my knuckle, having tossed
  A flower to try its currents where they crossed.
  The meadow grass could be cemented down
  From growing under pavements of a town;
  The apple trees be sent to hearth-stone flame.
  Is water wood to serve a brook the same?
  How else dispose of an immortal force
  No longer needed? Staunch it at its source
  With cinder loads dumped down? The brook was thrown
  Deep in a sewer dungeon under stone
  In fetid darkness still to live and run—
  And all for nothing it had ever done
  Except forget to go in fear perhaps.
  No one would know except for ancient maps
  That such a brook ran water. But I wonder
  If from its being kept forever under
  The thoughts may not have risen that so keep
  This new-built city from both work and sleep.

                         THE KITCHEN CHIMNEY

  Builder, in building the little house,
  In every way you may please yourself;
  But please please me in the kitchen chimney:
  Don’t build me a chimney upon a shelf.

  However far you must go for bricks,
  Whatever they cost a-piece or a pound,
  Buy me enough for a full-length chimney,
  And build the chimney clear from the ground.

  It’s not that I’m greatly afraid of fire,
  But I never heard of a house that throve
  (And I know of one that didn’t thrive)
  Where the chimney started above the stove.

  And I dread the ominous stain of tar
  That there always is on the papered walls,
  And the smell of fire drowned in rain
  That there always is when the chimney’s false.

  A shelf’s for a clock or vase or picture,
  But I don’t see why it should have to bear
  A chimney that only would serve to remind me
  Of castles I used to build in air.


  The west was getting out of gold,
  The breath of air had died of cold,
  When shoeing home across the white,
  I thought I saw a bird alight.

  In summer when I passed the place
  I had to stop and lift my face;
  A bird with an angelic gift
  Was singing in it sweet and swift.

  No bird was singing in it now.
  A single leaf was on a bough,
  And that was all there was to see
  In going twice around the tree.

  From my advantage on a hill
  I judged that such a crystal chill
  Was only adding frost to snow
  As gilt to gold that wouldn’t show.

  A brush had left a crooked stroke
  Of what was either cloud or smoke
  From north to south across the blue;
  A piercing little star was through.

                          A BOUNDLESS MOMENT

  He halted in the wind, and—what was that
  Far in the maples, pale, but not a ghost?
  He stood there bringing March against his thought,
  And yet too ready to believe the most.

  “Oh, that’s the Paradise-in-bloom,” I said;
  And truly it was fair enough for flowers
  Had we but in us to assume in March
  Such white luxuriance of May for ours.

  We stood a moment so in a strange world,
  Myself as one his own pretense deceives;
  And then I said the truth (and we moved on):
  A young beech clinging to its last year’s leaves.

                      EVENING IN A SUGAR ORCHARD

  From where I lingered in a lull in March
  Outside the sugar-house one night for choice,
  I called the fireman with a careful voice
  And bade him leave the pan and stoke the arch:
  “O fireman, give the fire another stoke,
  And send more sparks up chimney with the smoke.”
  I thought a few might tangle, as they did,
  Among bare maple boughs, and in the rare
  Hill atmosphere not cease to glow,
  And so be added to the moon up there.
  The moon, though slight, was moon enough to show
  On every tree a bucket with a lid,
  And on black ground a bear-skin rug of snow.
  The sparks made no attempt to be the moon.
  They were content to figure in the trees
  As Leo, Orion, and the Pleiades.
  And that was what the boughs were full of soon.

                           GATHERING LEAVES

  Spades take up leaves
  No better than spoons,
  And bags full of leaves
  Are light as balloons.

  I make a great noise
  Of rustling all day
  Like rabbit and deer
  Running away.

  But the mountains I raise
  Elude my embrace,
  Flowing over my arms
  And into my face.

  I may load and unload
  Again and again
  Till I fill the whole shed,
  And what have I then?

  Next to nothing for weight;
  And since they grew duller
  From contact with earth,
  Next to nothing for color.

  Next to nothing for use.
  But a crop is a crop,
  And who’s to say where
  The harvest shall stop?

                       THE VALLEY’S SINGING DAY

  The sound of the closing outside door was all.
  You made no sound in the grass with your footfall,
  As far as you went from the door, which was not far;
  But you had awakened under the morning star
  The first song-bird that awakened all the rest.
  He could have slept but a moment more at best.
  Already determined dawn began to lay
  In place across a cloud the slender ray
  For prying beneath and forcing the lids of sight,
  And loosing the pent-up music of over-night.
  But dawn was not to begin their “pearly-pearly”
  (By which they mean the rain is pearls so early,
  Before it changes to diamonds in the sun),
  Neither was song that day to be self-begun.
  You had begun it, and if there needed proof—
  I was asleep still under the dripping roof,
  My window curtain hung over the sill to wet;
  But I should awake to confirm your story yet;
  I should be willing to say and help you say
  That once you had opened the valley’s singing day.


  All crying “We will go with you, O Wind!”
  The foliage follow him, leaf and stem;
  But a sleep oppresses them as they go,
  And they end by bidding him stay with them.

  Since ever they flung abroad in spring
  The leaves had promised themselves this flight,
  Who now would fain seek sheltering wall,
  Or thicket, or hollow place for the night.

  And now they answer his summoning blast
  With an ever vaguer and vaguer stir,
  Or at utmost a little reluctant whirl
  That drops them no further than where they were.

  I only hope that when I am free
  As they are free to go in quest
  Of the knowledge beyond the bounds of life
  It may not seem better to me to rest.

                           A HILLSIDE THAW

  To think to know the country and not know
  The hillside on the day the sun lets go
  Ten million silver lizards out of snow!
  As often as I’ve seen it done before
  I can’t pretend to tell the way it’s done.
  It looks as if some magic of the sun
  Lifted the rug that bred them on the floor
  And the light breaking on them made them run.
  But if I thought to stop the wet stampede,
  And caught one silver lizard by the tail,
  And put my foot on one without avail,
  And threw myself wet-elbowed and wet-kneed
  In front of twenty others’ wriggling speed,—
  In the confusion of them all aglitter,
  And birds that joined in the excited fun
  By doubling and redoubling song and twitter,
  I have no doubt I’d end by holding none.

  It takes the moon for this. The sun’s a wizard
  By all I tell; but so’s the moon a witch.
  From the high west she makes a gentle cast
  And suddenly, without a jerk or twitch,
  She has her spell on every single lizard.
  I fancied when I looked at six o’clock
  The swarm still ran and scuttled just as fast.
  The moon was waiting for her chill effect.
  I looked at nine: the swarm was turned to rock
  In every lifelike posture of the swarm,
  Transfixed on mountain slopes almost erect.
  Across each other and side by side they lay.
  The spell that so could hold them as they were
  Was wrought through trees without a breath of storm
  To make a leaf, if there had been one, stir.
  It was the moon’s: she held them until day,
  One lizard at the end of every ray.
  The thought of my attempting such a stay!


  A plow, they say, to plow the snow.
  They cannot mean to plant it, though—
  Unless in bitterness to mock
  At having cultivated rock.

                         (_To hear us talk_)

  The tree the tempest with a crash of wood
  Throws down in front of us is not to bar
  Our passage to our journey’s end for good,
  But just to ask us who we think we are

  Insisting always on our own way so.
  She likes to halt us in our runner tracks,
  And make us get down in a foot of snow
  Debating what to do without an axe.

  And yet she knows obstruction is in vain:
  We will not be put off the final goal
  We have it hidden in us to attain,
  Not though we have to seize earth by the pole

  And, tired of aimless circling in one place,
  Steer straight off after something into space.

                         OUR SINGING STRENGTH

  It snowed in spring on earth so dry and warm
  The flakes could find no landing place to form.
  Hordes spent themselves to make it wet and cold,
  And still they failed of any lasting hold.
  They made no white impression on the black.
  They disappeared as if earth sent them back.
  Not till from separate flakes they changed at night
  To almost strips and tapes of ragged white
  Did grass and garden ground confess it snowed,
  And all go back to winter but the road.
  Next day the scene was piled and puffed and dead.
  The grass lay flattened under one great tread.
  Borne down until the end almost took root,
  The rangey bough anticipated fruit
  With snowballs cupped in every opening bud.
  The road alone maintained itself in mud,
  Whatever its secret was of greater heat
  From inward fires or brush of passing feet.

  In spring more mortal singers than belong
  To any one place cover us with song.
  Thrush, bluebird, blackbird, sparrow, and robin throng;
  Some to go further north to Hudson’s Bay,
  Some that have come too far north back away,
  Really a very few to build and stay.
  Now was seen how these liked belated snow.
  The fields had nowhere left for them to go;
  They’d soon exhausted all there was in flying;
  The trees they’d had enough of with once trying
  And setting off their heavy powder load.
  They could find nothing open but the road.
  So there they let their lives be narrowed in
  By thousands the bad weather made akin.
  The road became a channel running flocks
  Of glossy birds like ripples over rocks.
  I drove them under foot in bits of flight
  That kept the ground, almost disputing right
  Of way with me from apathy of wing,
  A talking twitter all they had to sing.
  A few I must have driven to despair
  Made quick asides, but having done in air
  A whir among white branches great and small
  As in some too much carven marble hall
  Where one false wing beat would have brought down all,
  Came tamely back in front of me, the Drover,
  To suffer the same driven nightmare over.
  One such storm in a lifetime couldn’t teach them
  That back behind pursuit it couldn’t reach them;
  None flew behind me to be left alone.

  Well, something for a snowstorm to have shown
  The country’s singing strength thus brought together,
  That though repressed and moody with the weather
  Was none the less there ready to be freed
  And sing the wildflowers up from root and seed.

                          THE LOCKLESS DOOR

  It went many years,
  But at last came a knock,
  And I thought of the door
  With no lock to lock.

  I blew out the light,
  I tip-toed the floor,
  And raised both hands
  In prayer to the door.

  But the knock came again.
  My window was wide;
  I climbed on the sill
  And descended outside.

  Back over the sill
  I bade a “Come in”
  To whatever the knock
  At the door may have been.

  So at a knock
  I emptied my cage
  To hide in the world
  And alter with age.


  _The house had gone to bring again
  To the midnight sky a sunset glow.
  Now the chimney was all of the house that stood,
  Like a pistil after the petals go._

  _The barn opposed across the way,
  That would have joined the house in flame
  Had it been the will of the wind, was left
  To bear forsaken the place’s name._

  _No more it opened with all one end
  For teams that came by the stony road
  To drum on the floor with scurrying hoofs
  And brush the mow with the summer load._

  _The birds that came to it through the air
  At broken windows flew out and in,
  Their murmur more like the sigh we sigh
  From too much dwelling on what has been._

  _Yet for them the lilac renewed its leaf,
  And the aged elm, though touched with fire;
  And the dry pump flung up an awkward arm;
  And the fence post carried a strand of wire._

  _For them there was really nothing sad.
  But though they rejoiced in the nest they kept,
  One had to be versed in country things
  Not to believe the phoebes wept._


[1]Cf. page 37, “The Axe-helve.”

[2]Cf. line 5, page 21, “A Star in a Stone-boat.”

[3]Cf. page 56, “The Witch of Coös.”

[4]Cf. line 31, page 25, “The Census-Taker;” line 26, page 27, “The
    Star-splitter;” and line 21, page 21, “A Star in a Stone-boat.”

[5]Cf. page 49, “Wild Grapes.”

[6]Cf. page 67, “A Fountain, a Bottle, a Donkey’s Ears and Some

[7]Cf. page 31, “Maple.”

[8]Cf. page 61, “The Pauper Witch of Grafton.”

[9]Cf. page 24, “The Census-taker.”

[10]Cf. page 41, “The Grindstone.”

[11]Cf. page 37, “The Axe-helve.”

[12]Cf. page 27, “The Star-splitter.”

[13]Cf. page 64, “The Pauper Witch of Grafton.”

[14]Cf. line 27, page 50, “Wild Grapes.”

[15]Cf. page 27, “The Star-splitter.”

[16]Cf. page 44, “Paul’s Wife.”

[17]Cf. page 65, “An Empty Threat.”

[18]Cf. page 67, “A Fountain, a Bottle, a Donkey’s Ears and Some

[19]Cf. page 21, “A Star in a Stone-boat;” and page 73, “I Will Sing
    You One-O.”

                         Transcriber’s Notes

--Retained publication information from the printed edition: this
  eBook is public-domain in the country of publication.

--Silently corrected a few palpable typos.

--In the text versions only, text in italics is delimited by

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