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Title: Clermont State Historic Park - Germantown, New York
Author: Anonymous
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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                                Clermont
                          STATE HISTORIC PARK
                          GERMANTOWN, NEW YORK


Robert Livingston (1654-1728), born in Scotland and raised in The
Netherlands, arrived in Albany, New York, during the winter of
1674-1675. Active in shipping and fur trading, he also obtained
responsible public and private positions and quickly gained wealth and
influence. In 1686 he was granted a charter establishing the Manor of
Livingston, which included 162,248 acres of land, the southern third of
present Columbia County. Robert became the first Lord of the Manor.

In 1728 Livingston left 13,000 acres of the Manor to his third son,
later known as Robert of Clermont (1688-1775). Tradition holds that this
gift was in gratitude for the son’s success in rescuing his father from
an Indian plot. Known as Clermont, or the Lower Manor, this tract did
not carry manorial privileges. On a low plateau overlooking the Hudson
River, the mansion of the Lower Manor was constructed about 1730 as the
seat of the new estate.

    [Illustration: _Portrait of Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, circa
    1795, attributed to Gilbert Stuart._]

Robert of Clermont’s only child, also named Robert (1718-1775), served
with distinction as Judge of the Admiralty Court and Judge of the
Supreme Court of the Province of New York. As a delegate to the Stamp
Act Congress, he penned the letter of protest to the King of England.

    [Illustration: _The Drawing Room._]

In 1775, upon the death of Judge Livingston, Clermont passed to his
eldest son, Robert R. Livingston (1746-1813), later famous as a
Chancellor of New York State. In the years prior to the Revolution, he
was a strong advocate of colonial rights and, as a member of the Second
Continental Congress, was one of five nominated to draft the Declaration
of Independence.

With the outbreak of the Revolution, Clermont supplied men and materiel
to the American army. Probably because of the Chancellor’s political
importance and his support of the patriot cause, in 1777, after burning
Kingston, the British continued up the Hudson and set fire to Clermont
and all of its surrounding outbuildings. The family and servants
escaped, however, and within a few years Clermont was rebuilt and
refurnished. Charred remnants of this earlier building are incorporated
within the walls of the present mansion.

Clermont’s fame rose with that of Chancellor Livingston. In 1781 he was
appointed the first United States Minister of Foreign Affairs and later
served as Minister to France, negotiating with Napoleon for the
Louisiana Purchase.

Chancellor Livingston originally shared Clermont with his mother,
Margaret Beekman Livingston, but he eventually built a new house nearby
which was completed in 1794. A French-inspired building, it became a
showplace on the Hudson. Destroyed by fire in 1909, the ruins of its
remaining walls indicate its size and grandeur.

In addition to his public duties, the Chancellor was involved in
experiments to improve his breeds of sheep and to increase the yield of
crops on his land while retaining the fertility of the soil. His
fascination for mechanical developments drew him to Robert Fulton with
whom he compared experiments with steam engines. Their partnership
resulted in the first successful steamship, _The North River Steamboat_.
Later known as the _Clermont_, it stopped at the Chancellor’s dock on
its maiden voyage up the Hudson River in 1807.

The mansion rebuilt after the fire of 1777 continued as a residence for
members of the Livingston family. A north wing built in 1802 contained a
new kitchen and an office where tenants paid their rent. A south wing,
constructed in 1830 for additional bedrooms, was enlarged in 1893. A
steeply pitched slate roof, added in 1874, greatly altered the
appearance of the mansion.

From 1813, when the Chancellor died, until it was acquired by the State
of New York in 1962, Clermont never passed out of the Livingston family.
The mansion, with its furnishings and spacious grounds, reflects the
lives of many generations of Livingstons, one of the New York’s most
influential families.

    [Illustration: _Clermont, as illustrated in History of Columbia
    County, 1878._]



               TACONIC STATE PARK & RECREATION COMMISSION


The Taconic State Park Region lies east of the Hudson River and extends
from New York City to just south of Albany. Official State Historic
Sites, set among the picturesque rolling hills and majestic rocky slopes
of the Taconic Mountains, are homes reflecting various eras and life
styles.

Castle-like Olana was the home of famed painter Frederic Edwin Church.
Clermont was the homestead of many generations of Livingstons, a family
active in the development of the state and national governments.
Imposing Mills Mansion reflects the grand living of the early twentieth
century, while Clinton House is a simple home of the eighteenth century.
Famed statesman and Chief Justice John Jay retired to John Jay Homestead
after many years of service to his country. Philipse Manor Hall was once
the family seat of the vast Manor of Philipsburg.

    [Illustration: AREA MAPS]

  OLANA
  CLERMONT
  MILLS MANSION
  CLINTON HOUSE
  JOHN JAY HOMESTEAD
  PHILLIPSE MANOR HALL



                                Clermont


    [Illustration: Clermont]

  Clermont State Historic Park
  R.D. 1
  Germantown, New York 12526
  518-537-4240

Mansion open: 9:00-5:00 Wednesday through Sunday Memorial Day weekend
through last Sunday in October: also, Memorial Day, Independence Day,
Labor Day, and Columbus Day.

Groups accommodated only by advance reservation.

Grounds open: 6:00 am-10:00 pm daily, year-round.


                           STATE OF NEW YORK
                        Hugh L. Carey, Governor

                   NEW YORK STATE PARKS & RECREATION
                       Orin Lehman, Commissioner

               TACONIC STATE PARK & RECREATION COMMISSION
                      Jeanne F. Lewisohn, Chairman

    [Illustration: NEW YORK STATE PARKS AND RECREATION]


105M 7/77



                          Transcriber’s Notes


—Silently corrected a few typos.

—Retained publication information from the printed edition: this eBook
  is public-domain in the country of publication.

—In the text versions only, text in italics is delimited by
  _underscores_.





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