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Title: With Sam Houston in Texas - A Boy Volunteer in the Texas Struggles for Independence, - when in the Years 1835-1836 the Texas Colonists Threw off - the Unjust Ru
Author: Sabin, Edwin L. (Edwin Legrand)
Language: English
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                           WITH SAM HOUSTON
                               IN TEXAS

_The American Trail Blazers_


These books present in the form of vivid and fascinating fiction, the
early and adventurous phases of American history. Each volume deals
with the life and adventures of one of the great men who made that
history, or with some one great event in which, perhaps, several heroic
characters were involved. The stories, though based upon accurate
historical fact, are rich in color, full of dramatic action, and appeal
to the imagination of the red-blooded man or boy.

Each volume illustrated in color and black and white.
















                              SAM HOUSTON
                               IN TEXAS

               INDEPENDENCE, WHEN IN THE YEARS 1835–1836
                         GREAT LONE STAR STATE

                            EDWIN L. SABIN

                     AND THE OVERLAND TRAIL,” ETC.

                        _WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY_
                          CHARLES H. STEPHENS
                          _PORTRAIT AND MAPS_


                         PHILADELPHIA & LONDON
                       J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY


                          SEVENTH IMPRESSION


                                TO THE
                      AMERICAN SPIRIT OF FREEDOM
                             AND ITS STARS
                         IN THE AMERICAN FLAG

                 When Freedom from her mountain-height
                   Unfurled her standard to the air.
                 She tore the azure robe of night,
                   And set the stars of glory there.



Sam Houston should justly be regarded as a great American. He laid his
course and steered by it utterly regardless of the opposition. Strong
characters are known as much by the enemies that they make as by the
friends that they retain. When they launch into a course that they
deem is right, they do not depend upon fair winds. They go ahead, if
they have real faith. Threats, ridicule and dangers do not daunt them.
Sometimes they may pause, to renew their courage; but they proceed
again on the same line.

Such a character was Sam Houston. To his friends he was loyal; to his
enemies he was unyielding; his ideals were high; and he loved his

Whatever he undertook, he undertook with his whole might, in spite of
censure and discouragements. This book deals with him chiefly as the
six-months’ general who, out of seeming defeat, achieved the triumph of
Texas arms, and at one stroke established Texas independence. But we
ought to admire him as a patriot statesman, rather than as a military

Some other commander could have won the victory for Texas. Freedom,
well or poorly led, cannot be conquered by oppression. Justice cannot
be combatted, forever, by injustice. But few other men have had Sam
Houston’s rugged courage.

We see him opposed by virtually all the people whom he was seeking to
benefit, while he played the humble waiting game, and gave the foe
false advantages until in his own good time he struck and roundly
defeated them. He endured being called a coward――although he well knew
that he, with an arrow wound and two bullet wounds in his body, was
no coward. We see him generous in victory, and always looking beyond
the present. We also see him, as president and as governor of Texas,
stanchly insisting upon the right as he viewed it, and which time has
proved to be the right. And as United States senator he continued to
fight for his principles of honor and wisdom. That he was unpopular
among his people, and was marked for punishment, made no difference to
Sam Houston. The welfare of Texas, and of the American Republic with
which it united, was more to him than his own welfare.

It is a wonderful thing to know that one is right, and then to stick to
the compass.

Sam Houston had his weaknesses. All men have weaknesses. The greatest
men rise above them. The strength of Sam Houston was his faith in
himself; his weakness was his pride in himself. When his pride was
injured, by accusations and by home troubles, he went to the other
extreme, apparently tried to see how low he could sink, and as if in
revenge set out to throw away his career. This was no revenge. It never
is. It benefits mainly one’s enemies, and harms mainly oneself and
one’s friends.

Weak natures do not accept that verdict, or they take more pleasure in
pitying themselves than in aiding themselves. Sam Houston sank; the
world, disappointed, said that he was a failure, after all――he could
not hold his course, and had abandoned the helm. But he could, and he
did. He rose, he grasped the wheel again, he retrimmed his sails, and
he forged on, with faith and will, to fulfil the capabilities with
which he had been entrusted.

Of the boys in this book, James Monroe Hill, Leo Roark, and Sion
Bostick appear in Texas history under these very names. Without doubt
they had a friend and comrade like Ernest Merrill; many boys marched
and fought beside the men in the Texas struggle for independence
from Mexico. Names amount to very little, anyway; they simply are
convenient. It is deeds that count.

                                                         EDWIN L. SABIN

CALIFORNIA, June 1, 1916


 CHAPTER                                         PAGE
         THE RISE OF TEXAS                         13
      I. “I AM SAM HOUSTON”                        27
     II. ON THE ROAD TO TEXAS                      42
    III. SANTA ANNA PROVES FALSE                   58
     IV. “WE MUST DEFEND OUR RIGHTS”               71
      V. ERNEST CARRIES THE ALARM                  82
    VII. THE MUSTERING OF THE TROOPS              104
   VIII. THE MARCH ON SAN ANTONIO                 116
      X. AN APPEAL TO THE UNITED STATES           144
    XII. HOUSE TO HOUSE IN OLD BEJAR              172
   XIII. GENERAL HOUSTON DESPAIRS                 188
    XIV. INDEPENDENCE IS DECLARED                 202
     XV. THE SIGNAL GUNS OF THE ALAMO             216
    XVI. MESSENGERS OF DISTRESS                   229
   XVII. RETREAT, AND EVER RETREAT                242
  XVIII. TO FACE THE ENEMY AT LAST                253
    XIX. FINDING SANTA ANNA                       267
     XX. “WILL YOU COME TO THE BOWER?”            280






 DOWN SANK THE LAST CANNONEER                               143


    TO SAN JACINTO                                          262

 BATTLE GROUND OF SAN JACINTO                               290

    YOURSELF, YOU ARE DICTATOR”                             304


Courtesy Harper & Bros.


From a painting by the Texan artist S. Seymour, exhibited at the Paris
Salon in 1898]


1513–1519――The Gulf of Mexico explored by the Spanish.

1521――Following upon the conquest of Mexico by Captain Hernando Cortes,
Texas forms a part of that indefinite New Spain.

1528–1536――Texas first entered by white men when the shipwrecked
Spaniards, Cabeza de Vaca, Alonzo del Castillo Maldonado, and Andres
Dorantes, with the negro Estavanico (Stephen), cross the interior. They
assume it to be a part of Florida.

1540–1684――Penetrated by Coronado, de Soto, and other Spanish officials.

1685――Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle, in the name of France
takes possession of Matagorda Bay, deeming it one of the mouths of
the Mississippi River. Erects inland Fort St. Louis, the first white

1689――Captain Alonzo de Leon and Father Manzanet, dispatched from
Mexico to expel the French, find Fort St. Louis abandoned.

1690――The Spanish from Mexico establish the Mission San Francisco among
the Tejas Indians, in East Texas, southwest of present Nacogdoches. The
country begins to be called the Land of the Tejas; or “Tejas” (Texas).

1691――Don Domingo Teran de los Rios appointed first Spanish governor of
the provinces of Coahuila and Texas.

1714――Captain Louis Juchereau de Saint-Denis is sent from the French
post at Mobile into Texas, to report upon colonizing it.

1716――The Spanish captain, Domingo Ramon, and party of sixty-four men
and women, are sent to locate missions and colonies in East Texas and
oppose the French, who have advanced to the Red River.

1718――The Spanish presidio of San Antonio de Bejar (Bexar), the site of
the storied town, is founded. Here arises also the mission San Antonio
de Valero, predecessor to the famous Alamo.

1720–1722――Other missions and forts are established, along the Sabine
River, the Spanish frontier in Texas.

1721――The French claim to the Sabine River, from the east. Captain
Bernard de la Harpe is ordered to reoccupy Fort St. Louis at Matagorda
Bay. The landing party are driven off by Indians.

1722–1762――The French out-posts along the Red River and the Spanish
out-posts along the Sabine River are separated by only some twenty
miles; but the Spanish hold Texas.

1744――The mission later known as the Alamo is rebuilt at San Antonio.

1762――France cedes to Spain all the Province of Louisiana as presumed
to be the country from the Mississippi River to the Rio Grande River
and the Rocky Mountains. Under Spanish and Mexican rule for virtually
seventy-five years, Texas progresses little except through the efforts
of American settlers.

1782――By the Revolutionary War the United States succeeds England in
North America east of the Mississippi, and becomes the neighbor of

1797――Philip Nolan, an Irish-American at New Orleans, enters Texas with
a party to capture wild horses and to report on the country.

1800――Nolan and a party again enter Texas, in defiance of Spanish
protests. Nolan is killed by the Spanish troops and the others are

1800――Spain cedes the Louisiana province back to France.

1803――France sells Louisiana province to the United States. Spain
claims that France was under contract not to deliver the province to
any other power, and protests the transfer.

1804――The United States claims that the province extends west to the
Rio Grande River; Spain denies the right of the United States to any
territory west of New Orleans. War is threatened.

1806――United States troops encamp on the east bank of the Sabine River,
in Louisiana; the Spanish troops encamp on the west bank, in Texas. By
a truce the United States forces retire to the Red River in Louisiana,
and pending a settlement of the Texas boundaries dispute, the strip
thirty miles wide between the Red River and the Sabine River is made a
Neutral Ground.

1806–1819――The Neutral Ground is the resort of desperadoes, who much
annoy the Spanish authorities of Texas.

1811–1812――Lieutenant Augustus Magee, a young American army officer,
joins with a Mexican revolutionist, Colonel Gutierrez de Lara, in an
attempt to seize Texas from Spain. The project fails.

1817–1821――The freebooter, Captain Jean Lafitte, Frenchman, occupies
the Island of Galveston; reigns there under the title “Lord of

1818――Generals Lallemand and Rigault, French officers under Napoleon,
establish a French colony, entitled the Champ d’Asile (Field of
Refuge), twelve miles up the Trinity River. They are soon driven out by
the Spanish troops.

1819–1821――Dr. James Long, an American merchant of Natchez (Mississippi),
with a company of seventy-five adventurers, invades Texas, declares it
an independent republic, but finally is defeated and shot.

1820――Moses Austin, from Missouri, petitions Mexico to be permitted
to bring into Texas 300 colonists from the United States, but he dies
before he can complete his project.

1821――Mexico separates from Spain, and Texas is now Mexican territory.

1821――Stephen Fuller Austin, son of Moses Austin, and to be known as
the “Father of Texas,” brings in from New Orleans the first of the
American colonists, who settle on the lower Brazos River.

1823――Mexico issues a general colonization law, encouraging the
settlement of Texas by foreigners, upon tracts granted by the

1823――The town of San Felipe de Austin in the Austin colony on the
Brazos is founded――the first American town in Texas.

1825――The State of Coahuila and Texas (as the two Mexican provinces
were known) passes a more liberal colonization law, and settlement by
Americans proceeds rapidly.

1827――The United States, still wishing to acquire Texas, offers Mexico
$1,000,000 for the province to the Rio Grande River, or $500,000 to the
Colorado River, about half-way. Mexico rejects the offers.

1828――The United States accepts Mexico’s contention that the Sabine
River shall be the boundary in the south between the two nations.

1829–1830――Alarmed by the increase of settlers from the United States,
Mexico passes several laws much restricting immigration and the rights
of colonists.

1832――The American colonists support General Antonio Lopez de Santa
Anna, who aspires to supplant the unfair Anastasio Bustamante in the
presidency of Mexico. They rise against the Mexican commandants at
Nacogdoches, and at Anahuac and Velasco on the Gulf, and expel them.

1832――October 1 the “people of Texas” meet in first general convention
at San Felipe, and ask for a state government separate from Coahuila.

1833――Santa Anna becomes president of Mexico.

1833――Hoping now for aid from Santa Anna, on April 1 the Texans meet in
another convention, and draw up a plan for separate state government.
Stephen Austin bears the petition to Mexico. He is arrested.

1834――Coahuila, with which Texas is still linked, is torn by quarrels
between its Mexican factions, in which Texas is little concerned except
as an outsider. Santa Anna grants an audience to Stephen Austin, the
prisoner, but decides that Texas cannot be separated from Coahuila, and
that 4000 Mexican troops should be sent in, to preserve order.

1835――The local revolution in Coahuila continues, and Santa Anna
appoints a governor of his own making, for Coahuila and Texas. The
Americans in Texas are much incensed at such dictatorship, and Mexican
officials, driven out by Santa Anna’s policies, join with the colonists.

1835――June 30 Captain William B. Travis, of the Anglo-Texans, leads
a party against the port of Anahuac, where import duties were being
collected. The Mexican officers there are expelled.

1835――August 31 Stephen Austin is landed at the mouth of the Brazos,
after a year and a half imprisonment by the Mexican government. At
a banquet at Brazoria he advises a general consultation to insist
upon the rights of Texas to be governed under the liberal Mexican
constitution of 1824, which granted that the Mexican states should
be administered by elected officials, like the states of the United
States. The consultation is called for October 15.

1835――At the close of September the town of Gonzales refuses to
deliver over a six-pounder cannon, demanded by the Mexican officials
at San Antonio de Bejar. On October 2 the Texas volunteers drive off
the Mexican troops sent to take the cannon. This Battle of Gonzales
is styled the Lexington of Texas. The colonists continue to gather;
advance is made against San Antonio; the Mexicans are defeated, October
28, at the battle of the Horseshoe, near Concepcion Mission; on
December 11 San Antonio is captured. In the south Goliad and Victoria
have been taken. As the result of the campaign, not a Mexican soldier
remains in arms in Texas.

1835――November 1 the general consultation meets at San Felipe. It
declares for the rights of state government under the Constitution of
1824, draws up a plan for temporary state administration, elects state
officers, appoints Sam Houston commander-in-chief of the Texan army
to be raised, and delegates commissioners to get aid from the United

1836――Santa Anna organizes an army to subjugate Texas. Volunteers from
the United States continue to arrive, to help the Texan cause, but a
quarrel arises between Governor Smith and the council, over the conduct
of the war.

1836――February 22–23 General Santa Anna appears before San Antonio; the
few Texas troops there, under Colonel William B. Travis and Colonel
James Bowie retire to the Alamo Mission, adjacent, and are closely

1836――March 2 the Texas delegates in convention at Washington on the
Brazos declare for Independence from Mexico. The Republic of Texas is

1836――March 6 the Alamo is taken by storm, by the Santa Anna columns.
Of the garrison of 180 or more only three women, a baby, a little girl
and a negro boy are spared.

1836――March 11 General Sam Houston arrives at the army camp at
Gonzales, and in the night of the 13th, following the news from the
Alamo, a retreat is ordered.

1836――March 20 Colonel James Fannin, attempting to retire from Goliad
with 400 men, is surrounded, and surrenders, on promise of good

1836――Palm Sunday, March 27, Colonel Fannin and 320 of his men are
massacred, while prisoners, by order of Santa Anna.

1836――April 16 the Mexican column under Santa Anna, having marched
clear across Texas, burns Harrisburg, the temporary capital, near
Galveston Bay.

1836――April 20 the Texan army under Houston front Santa Anna at the San
Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou, northeast of Harrisburg, and cut him

1836――In the afternoon of April 21, by the battle of San Jacinto the
Texan army overwhelm the Mexican force and on the next day capture
Santa Anna, president of Mexico.

1836――May 14 President Santa Anna signs the treaty by which he
recognizes the independence of the Republic of Texas, with boundaries
extending on the west to the Rio Grande River.

1836――In September General Houston is enthusiastically elected
president of the Republic of Texas. Annexation to the United States is
also endorsed by a large majority.

1837――In March the United States recognizes the independence of
Texas. Mexico declines to accept the treaty as signed by Santa Anna.
Hostilities threaten to be actively renewed.

1839――France acknowledges the Republic of Texas.

1840――Holland and Belgium acknowledge the Republic of Texas.

1840–1843――Texas and Mexico invade each other’s territory, in a fresh
series of hostilities. Several forces of Texans are captured and
severely treated.

1842――Great Britain acknowledges the Republic of Texas.

1843――Texas and Mexico agree to a truce until commissioners can discuss
terms of peace between the two republics.

1843――Mexico announces that the annexation of Texas by the United
States would be viewed as a declaration of war.

1844――In April a treaty drawn by President Tyler and the Texas
government, providing for annexation, is defeated in the United States

1844――The negotiations for peace between Texas and Mexico having
failed, Santa Anna, again president of Mexico, announces that war to
recover the “rebellious province” is resumed.

1845――February 28 the Congress of the United States adopts a joint
resolution inviting Texas into the Union. President Tyler signs, March

1845――In March the Texas secretary of state has submitted to Mexico a
treaty by which Mexico shall recognize the independence of the Texas
Republic, on the agreement that there shall be no annexation to the
United States. Mexico signs the treaty in May.

1845――June 4 Mexico declares its intention to fight for possession of

1845――June 18 the Texas Congress, convened in special session to
consider the offer of the United States, unanimously rejects the treaty
with Mexico and votes for annexation. October 13 the Texas people, in
general election, enthusiastically endorse the action of their congress.

1845――July, the American Army of Occupation, under General Zachary
Taylor, is ordered to enter Texas and advance to the Rio Grande River.

1846――Hostilities by force of arms open: by the United States to
establish the claims of Texas to the Rio Grande River boundary; by
Mexico, to retain possession eastward to the Nueces River.

1848――By the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, closing
the war, Mexico definitely loses Texas to the United States.

1850――By protest from the people of New Mexico, following the close
of the war, the state of Texas, whose southwest and west boundary
was assumed to the Rio Grande River from its mouth to its source, is
rebounded and confined to practically its present generous limits.

Released from Mexican misrule, free to turn its arms against the
marauding Indians, and by the payment of $10,000,000 by the United
States soon made financially independent, the great State of Texas, 800
miles long, 750 miles wide, has prospered abundantly. The spirit of the
Lone Star Republic still lives in the words, always proudly spoken: “I
am a Texan.”



March 2, 1793, born at Timber Ridge Church, near Lexington, Rockbridge
County, Virginia, of Scotch-Irish ancestry.

Father: Major Samuel Houston, soldier of the Revolution and Assistant
Inspector-General of the frontier troops.

Mother: Elizabeth Paxton Houston, a large woman of fine physique and
strong character.

At eight years of age young Sam attends country school in the “Field
School,” which occupied the old building out of which Washington
University had removed to Lexington.

In 1807 his father dies, and his brave-spirited mother, now left with
six sons and three daughters, crosses the Allegheny Mountains and
resettles eight miles east of the Tennessee River in Blount County,
Tennessee, here to build a cabin and clear the land.

Sam hunts, traps, works on the farm, is fascinated by the battles
and adventures in the Iliad as translated by Alexander Pope, and
intermittently attends the Maryville Academy, where his especial
pleasure is to drill his mates in military tactics.

Apprenticed to a blacksmith, and later hired out as a clerk in a
general store, he runs away and joins the Cherokee Indians, across the
Tennessee River.

Is adopted by the sub-chief Oolootekah or John Jolly. Refuses to return
when found by his brothers, and spends his time living as an Indian. Is
now almost six feet tall, and of large frame.

In 1811, when aged eighteen, returns to white civilization. Wearing a
calico hunting-shirt, and his hair in a pigtail, he teaches country
school, in Eastern Tennessee, to pay off debts contracted while he
played Indian.

In 1813 enlists at Maryville, with the approval of his mother, as
a private soldier in the war against Great Britain. He is promoted
to sergeant, in the 39th Regiment, Tennessee Volunteers, serves as
drill-master in Tennessee and Alabama, and soon is appointed to ensign,
by President Madison.

March 27, 1814, under General Andrew Jackson and General John Coffee,
engages in the desperate battle with the Creek Indians at To-ho-pe-ka,
or Horseshoe Bend, at the Tallapoosa River, in Alabama; is badly
wounded by an arrow while leading his men over the breastworks, and
again by two bullets.

Slowly recovers from his wounds, and, December 31, 1813, is promoted
and commissioned third lieutenant.

May 20, 1814, commissioned second lieutenant.

May 17, 1815, transferred to the First Infantry of the regular army.

May 1, 1817, commissioned first lieutenant.

Serves in the adjutant-general’s office at Nashville, Tennessee.

November, 1817, being still incapacitated by his wounds, is appointed
sub-agent for the Cherokee Indians, whose language he speaks. Conducts
for them the negotiations by which they sell to the government their
lands in Eastern Tennessee.

In Washington is rebuked by John C. Calhoun, secretary of war, for
appearing in Cherokee Indian costume; is acquitted of misconduct in

March 1, 1818, resigns from the army.

June, 1818, studies law in the office of the Honorable James Trimble,
at Nashville. Admitted to the bar in six months.

Practises law for about three years at Lebanon and Nashville,
Tennessee. Gains a reputation for his high-sounding phrases, his
self-esteem, and his honesty.

In 1819 appointed, through the influence of his patron, General
Jackson, adjutant-general of Tennessee, and is elected prosecuting
attorney with office at Nashville. Resigns this office because of
insufficient income from it, and resumes general practice.

In 1821 elected major-general of the Tennessee militia.

In 1823 elected as representative in Congress from the ninth district
of Tennessee. Serves here four years, and is thrown in contact with
Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster, John Randolph, Nathaniel
Macon, and other distinguished American statesmen.

September 23, 1826, severely wounds General William White in a duel
fought in Simpson County, Kentucky, just across the Tennessee line.
Thereafter declines to engage in duels, although many times challenged.

August, 1827, elected governor of Tennessee; appears at the polls
mounted on a fine dapple-gray horse, and wearing a tall black beaver
hat, high patent-leather stock, ruffled white shirt, black silk
trousers with legs cut straight and full, embroidered silk stockings,
pumps with silver buckles, and a long Indian hunting-shirt of red
figured calico belted about with a beaded red sash.

In January, 1829, marries Miss Eliza Allen, of Sumner County,
Tennessee; after three months separates from her, for cause unknown to
the world; resigns his governorship, and joins the Cherokee Indians
again on their new reservation in Arkansas, near Fort Gibson of the
Indian Territory.

Is welcomed as a son, by Chief Oolootekah, resumes his Indian life
and receives the title of Col-lon-neh, or the Raven. By his dissolute
habits earns also the name “Drunken Sam,” from the whites, and “Big
Drunk,” from the Cherokees.

During 1830–1831, while attempting to protect the Cherokees against
frauds from traders and contractors, is falsely accused of the same
improper practices, himself.

April 13, 1832, while in Washington assaults and beats with a
cane Representative William Stanberry, of Ohio, as retaliation
for an insulting public speech. Is arraigned before the House of
Representatives, and employs as counsel Francis Scott Key, author
of the “Star Spangled Banner”; is reprimanded by the House, but is
commended by President Jackson, who remits his fine.

In the Indian nation he has taken to wife the stately Tyania Rodgers, a
half-breed woman of unusual qualities; he establishes a small farm and
trading-post on the west bank of the Grand River, opposite Fort Gibson,
and spends much of his time hunting, trading and drinking.

In December, 1832, proceeds alone to Texas, under commission from
President Jackson to conclude a treaty of peace with the Comanche
Indians, for the protection of the United States borders; and under
instructions, also, to investigate the feasibility of the annexation of
Texas to the United States.

April, 1833, is a delegate from Nacogdoches, Texas, to the Texas
convention held for the purpose of demanding a separation from the
province of Coahuila.

Through 1833, 1834 and 1835, while residing at Nacogdoches, San
Augustine and Washington, of East Texas, he takes prominent part in
meetings which discuss freedom for Texas under the Mexican constitution
of 1824.

October, 1835, is elected at Nacogdoches commander-in-chief of the army
of Eastern Texas.

November, 1835, by the convention which meets at San Felipe to form a
temporary state government is elected, with only one opposing vote,
commander-in-chief of the armies of Texas.

At the close of January, 1836, by reason of a quarrel between Governor
Henry Smith and the council, finding himself without the means of
enforcing his authority among the Texas troops, Houston virtually
retires from his office of major-general.

February, 1836, as one of three commissioners from Texas to the
Cherokees and other Indians, he so reassures the uneasy tribes that
they remain quiet throughout the war of Texas and Mexico.

March, 1836, is a delegate from Refugio of Southern Texas to the
Texas general convention which at Washington on the Brazos declares
for a Texas independent republic; by practically a unanimous vote is
re-elected commander-in-chief.

March and April, 1836, conducts his little army in a long retreat
eastward across Texas. Handicapped by the rains, and by soldiers and
settlers accused of cowardice and of leaving the country needlessly
exposed to the Mexican forces, he labors hard amidst tremendous

April 20, 1836, suddenly cuts off President Santa Anna’s column of
Mexican troops, at the head of San Jacinto Bay, on the coast of East

April 21, 1836, with his 743 Texans, mainly rough and ready volunteers,
from his camp on Buffalo Bayou, near its juncture with the San Jacinto
River, charges the breastworks of the Santa Anna 1350 regulars, and
in fifteen minutes of fighting wins the battle of San Jacinto. Eight
Texans were killed, twenty-three wounded; Houston’s ankle was shattered
while he was leading his men. Of the Mexicans 630 were killed, 730
wounded and captured, or both. Santa Anna was made prisoner on the next

The independence of the Republic of Texas having thus been achieved at
one stroke, in May Houston leaves for New Orleans to have his wound

July, 1836, Houston returns to Texas, and protests against the proposed
trial and execution of Santa Anna, who had been promised his liberty.

September, 1836, Sam Houston elected by a vast majority; first
permanent president of the new Republic of Texas.

October 22, 1836, he is inaugurated president, at Columbia.

November, 1836, he vetoes the resolution passed by the Texas senate to
retain Santa Anna as prisoner, and dispatches him to Washington of the
United States, for an audience with President Jackson, in the interests
of recognition by Mexico of Texas independence.

December, 1836, removes to the town of Houston, on the battle-field of
San Jacinto――the new capital.

December, 1838, Houston ends his first term as president; he has
conducted the affairs of the new republic with great firmness and
wisdom; and living in a two-room log cabin has attired himself
in bizarre costume and been a curious mixture of statesman and

In the summer of 1839 he protests vehemently against violations,
by Texas, of the treaty with the Cherokees; he is threatened with
assassination, for “inciting” the Indians against the whites, but he
makes his speech, just the same.

May 9, 1840, he marries, at Marion, Alabama, Miss Margaret Moffette
Lea. She is a girl of twenty-one, he a man of forty-seven, and her
gentle influence over him is his guiding star until his death; he soon
ceases drinking and swearing, and now allows his better nature to have
full sway.

1840–1841, Houston is representative from Nacogdoches, in the Texas

1841, elected, for the second time, president of the Texas Republic;
inaugurated, December 16, at the new capital of Austin.

Serves as president until December, 1844. Does not like Austin, and
removes the seat of government to Houston, and thence to Washington on
the Brazos; but the indignant citizens of Austin retain, by force, the
government archives. As president, Houston opposes invasion of Mexico
by Texas, vetoes other war measures, and again is threatened with
assassination, but treats the threats with contempt.

By correspondence with General Jackson, President Tyler, and other
statesmen, and by his public addresses, he successfully engineers the
annexation of Texas to the United States, although the act was not
consummated while he was at the head of the Texas government.

In the fall of 1845 he is elected United States senator from the state
of Texas. Arrives at Washington to take his seat, March, 1846. While in
Congress wears his well-known broad-brimmed white wool hat, and Mexican
blanket, whittles industriously at cedar shingles while listening to
the debates, and bears prominent part in national affairs. He opposes
the extension of slavery in new territories, and is denounced, by the
South, as a traitor. He remains a firm advocate of the rights of the

January, 1853, re-elected to congress, from Texas.

Attends the Baptist church regularly, in Washington. In 1854 is
received into the Baptist faith, at Independence, Texas.

March 3, 1854, delivers a great speech against Senator Stephen A.
Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska bill, which repealed the Missouri Compromise
bill, prohibiting slavery north of latitude 36° 30´, and opened Kansas
and Nebraska territories to the extension of slavery into the North.

In 1856 is candidate for the Presidency, but at the nominating
convention of the “American” party receives only three votes, his
opposition to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise bill having aroused
bitter enmity toward him.

In 1857 defeated for the United States senate.

In the fall of 1857 defeated for the governorship of Texas.

February, 1859, concludes his term in the United States senate and
returns to Texas.

Fall of 1859 triumphantly elected, for a third time, governor of Texas.
Is inaugurated on December 21.

In the troublous days of 1860 he stands stoutly for the preservation of
the Union, and is threatened by the Southern sympathizers by whom he is
surrounded. He advises appeal to the constitution rather than to arms.

March 14, 1861, Texas having seceded, he refuses to take the oath of
allegiance to the Confederacy; is deposed from the governorship, and
retires to Huntsville, his home.

Although opposing secession, he firmly advocates the defense of the
South against invasion by the Federal troops, and says that he is
willing to enter the Texas ranks. In his San Jacinto suit he reviews,
at Galveston, the Texas regiment in which his son, Sam Houston, Jr.,
has enlisted, and is cheered.

Lives at Cedar Point, Texas; becomes very feeble, from his old wounds
and other disabilities, and walks with the aid of a crutch and a cane.

January, 1863, congratulates Texas for having driven the Northern
forces from her soil.

March 18, 1863, makes his last public speech, at Houston, Texas, and
bids Texas keep up its courage and its hopes of success of the Southern

July 26, 1863, Sam Houston dies in his bed at the family home, in
Huntsville, Texas, aged 70 years. His last words are: “Texas! Texas!”
and “Margaret,” the name of his wife. He died beloved and respected by
state and country. To his eldest son, Lieutenant Sam Houston, Jr., he
bequeathed the “sword of San Jacinto.”




The toiling little steamboat “Arkansas” was stuck harder than ever,
as seemed, on a mud-bar far up the shallow Arkansas River, in the old
“Indian Country,” which is present Oklahoma.

“Back her! Back her!” were bawling a half-dozen voices, from her

“Go ahead! Give her steam! Push her over!” were bawling a half-dozen

“No! Swing her!”

The paddle-wheel astern threshed vainly; the red-shirted pilot in the
pilot-house continually jangled the engine-bell; from the upper deck
the captain yelled himself hoarse; on the lower deck the mate stumped
around in cowhide boots and swore horridly; the negro roustabouts,
ranged along the flat open bows and the guard-rails, to shove with
poles, grunted and panted, and now and then one fell overboard when
his pole slipped; the passengers advised and criticized; the many dogs
barked; and young Ernest Merrill, scampering upstairs and down, so as
to be certain to see everything that happened, could not feel that the
boat budged forward or backward an inch.

“We’re rooted fast, this time,” spoke a pleasant voice in his ear, as
from the forward rail of the upper deck he was sighting on the shore,
to see whether they really did move. “There’s scarcely water enough
under her here to float a peanut shell.”

It was his friend Lieutenant Neal, in charge of the army recruits
bound, like Ernest, for Fort Gibson of the Indian Country. A fine young
man was Lieutenant Neal; not much more than a boy himself. Ever since
he and Ernest had got acquainted, on the first day up the Arkansas from
where it emptied into the Mississippi, he had rather taken Ernest under
his wing. He and his recruits were from New Orleans; and Ernest was
from Cincinnati, in the other direction.

“She is stuck, isn’t she!” agreed Ernest. “But they’ll get her off,
won’t they? They always have.”

For the “Arkansas” to be aground was nothing new. Through almost two
weeks she had been threshing and thumping and snorting on her noisy
crooked way, stemming the tricky current and dodging (when she could)
the numerous bars and snags half-exposed by the falling water. But
every now and again she struck.

Such was steamboat travel on the Arkansas River in this early fall of

That was a long trip, anyway, 640 miles by steamboat up to Fort Gibson
amidst the Cherokees in the Indian Country. The Arkansas River had
proved to be a lonely stream, winding amidst cane brakes and bayous
and timber and wide flowery prairies, peopled chiefly by bear and
deer and horses and wild fowl. At Little Rock, the first town of any
consequence, and the capital of Arkansas Territory, about half the
passengers left, and a dozen others came aboard. At Fort Smith, 300
miles further, on the line between Arkansas Territory and the Indian
Country, a half of the remaining passengers (including some Texas
emigrants and the most of the army recruits) filed ashore.

When Fort Smith was left behind, the passengers on board were, with the
exception of Lieutenant Neal and Ernest, a rather tough set: reckless
hunters and adventurers, each accompanied by several black-and-tan or
yellow hounds, and all apparently bound as far as they could go into
the Indian Country.

But it did not look as though they were to get much farther, by

“By gracious!” fidgeted the lieutenant, mopping his brow under his
stiff-visored forage-cap. “This is bad, to be held up so, when we’re
almost there. I could better have gone overland from Smith. How far is
it to Gibson now, captain?”

The captain was tired and hot and cross.

“Less’n fifty miles by land, if you know the trail. Those who are in a
tearing hurry can get out and walk. I’d no business trying this end of
the river. I _told_ all you fellows I probably couldn’t make it. Little
Rock is as high as a boat should go, after July; and here we are, 300
miles beyond. Pretty soon we’ll be navigating in dew.” And the captain
stalked indignantly away.

Not a breath of air was stirring. The sun shone hotly down from the
clear sky, and was reflected, almost as hotly, from the glassy surface
of the smoothly flowing river. On the right hand, up stream, a gently
rolling prairie of high grass, dotted with clumps of trees, sloped to
the water’s edge; on the left hand, which was the nearer of the two
shores, yellow banks had been cut and rose ten feet and more until
crowned by brush and trees. Both shores looked deserted, although it
was said that the Choctaw and Cherokee Indians, who had been removed
from east of the Mississippi, inhabited the country.

The “Arkansas” had ceased her efforts, which had only swung her around
on the pivot of her hull. The paddle-wheel hung idle. The negro
roustabouts were leaning on their long poles, puffing and resting. The
booted mate sat in some shade in the bows and mopped his crimson face.
The pilot in the pilot-house left his bell-rope, perched himself on the
window-ledge, and lighted his pipe. The passengers subsided. Some cast
lines over and began to fish. Others sat at cards. Some went to sleep,
with their dogs.

Taken altogether, the scene was not very hopeful; and the lieutenant,
gazing around, gnawed his moustache.

“Pshaw, Ernest!” he said. “What next?”

“Yaas,” drawled a lean, sallow backwoodsman, who with his pack of
hounds and flint-lock rifle had come aboard at Fort Smith. “Sometimes
these boats air hung fast this-away for a week, when the water’s right
low. An’ if the cap’n cain’t work ’em loose he jus’ natterly waits for
a rain to riz the river under him.”

“But I can’t wait for a rain,” protested the lieutenant. “I’ve orders
to put my men into Gibson.”

“Let’s walk,” urged Ernest, for the land looked inviting and maybe
they’d find deer on their route.


“Hello!” spoke the lieutenant, eying the shore. “Here comes a boat.
Well, it’s good to see a sign of life somewhere.”

A small boat had put out from the high left-hand banks. It was making
for the steamer. One man, paddling, seemed to be the only person in it.

Speedily the word of the approaching visitor spread throughout the
deck, and the passengers dropped every other amusement, to watch and
hazard guesses. As the boat drew nearer, it was seen to be a dug-out,
hollowed from a single large log. The paddler was bearded and evidently
was a white man. He wore a broad-brimmed black felt hat and a buckskin
shirt; and a long-barrelled rifle leaned against the gunwale beside him.

He scarcely looked up until his dug-out grazed the gunwale of the
steamboat. Then he tossed a plaited hemp painter or tie-rope aboard, a
couple of roustabouts held the dug-out steady, and grasping his rifle
he followed the tie-rope with himself, clambering easily over the
bow. He strode for the stairs. In addition to hat and shirt, he wore
buckskin pantaloons and moccasins; a powder-horn and bullet-pouch, and
bowie-knife in hide scabbard.

Thus he appeared on the upper deck.

“Howdy?” he greeted cordially, surveying the passengers. “Going or

He was a spare, tall, sinewy, bronzed man, with thick black beard,
eagle eye, and hooked nose.

“Haw haw!” they laughed. “Wall, stranger, now you’re guessin’.”

“Whar might you be from?” demanded a spokesman.

“Texas――best country on earth; where all you fellows ought to be.”

Texas! Magic word! Before he had left Cincinnati, and all the way down
the Ohio and the Mississippi, and up the Arkansas, Ernest had been
hearing of “Texas, Texas, Texas”――a country which, although a part of
Mexico, seemed to be a regular goal for Americans, who journeyed there,
to tracts of land which had been assigned to American colonies; and
there they were given acres and acres for a mere song. And here was a
real Texan, was he?

“What might yore name be, stranger?” pursued the spokesman.

“Dick Carroll, gentlemen; from Gonzales in the DeWitt colony.”

“Fresh from Texas, be ye? Wall, what’s the chance down thar now? I
hear tell you’ve been havin’ some right smart fightin’ with those thar

“Yes; give us the latest news, sir,” requested the lieutenant.

The Texan eyed him, and thumped his rifle butt emphatically on the hot

“I will, and gladly. News? Full of it. Fighting? Well, I reckon you-all
know what’s been the trouble. By the Mexican constitution of 1824
all the states of the Mexican Republic were guaranteed rights and
privileges, same as the states of the United States, and we Texans
looked forward to having our own legislature and governor. Then that
Don Anastasio Bustamante rose for the presidency of Mexico, overrode
the constitution, made a sort of one-hoss monarchy of all Mexico, and
followed out the plan they’d tried before of putting soldiers――the
wust kind, being mostly thieves and murderers from the prisons――over us
in Texas, oppressing Americans with taxes, selling our lands, saying
that no more American settlers should come in, and such like.”

“I know,” nodded the lieutenant.

“Of course, that business doesn’t work with a people like us who’ve
brought in their families, and settled according to agreement with the
government, and improved the land and built houses, and done more in
ten years than the Mexicans did in a hundred. So last spring while Don
Santa Anna was heading a revolution in Mexico across the Rio Grande, to
restore the rights of the constitution of 1824, we Texans did a little
house-cleaning on our own account, and drove every monarchist and
Bustamantist across the border. When I left, things had calmed down and
the country was feeling hopeful again.”

“Then it’s a good place for Americans, is it?” asked the lieutenant.

“Yes, sir. It’s been a good country, and now it’ll be a better one.
Where else in this world can a man with a family get three squar’ miles
of the best soil, best grass, best water, in the best climate and among
the best people on earth, for thirty dollars down, and the rest pay as
he goes? We’ve all declared in favor of Santa Anna, the Mexican troops
have gone to help him lick Bustamante; as soon as he’s made president
he’ll give us what we want under the constitution of ’24. So come
along, everybody. There’s land a-plenty and room for all.”

“Wall, stranger, you make a good talk,” spoke a passenger. “But what
mought you be doin’ now, if it’s any of our business? You’ve said whar
you’re from, but whar you goin’, out of such a fine country?”

“I’m on my way to Fort Gibson. Saw this boat p’inting down stream, so
I borrowed a Choctaw dug-out and came to learn the news from above.
What’s doing, up ’round Gibson?”

“Haw haw!” they laughed. “Cain’t tell nary thing by the looks of this
boat, stranger. Fust we’re p’intin’ one way an’ next we’re p’intin’
’nother, like a bob-tailed hoss in a millpond. We’re calkilatin’ on
Gibson, ourselves. An’ what mought be yore business at Gibson?”

It was a great crowd for asking questions.

“I’m looking for Sam Houston.”

Sam Houston! This was another name, almost as familiar as Texas. Sam
Houston! Why, he was the man who as a young officer had fought so
bravely in the battle of Horseshoe Bend, in March, 1814, when General
Andrew Jackson had saved Alabama and her sister states from the ravages
of the fierce Creek Indians. He was the same man who when a boy had
been adopted by the Cherokee Indians, in Georgia, and had lived with
them; and he had been lieutenant in the regular army, and United States
congressman from Tennessee, and had risen to be governor of Tennessee,
and only a couple of years ago had quit everything and run away, back
to the Cherokees again, in the Indian Country. And ’twas said that when
now and then he reappeared in Washington he wore Indian costume! He
certainly seemed to be a queer character.

“And what mought you be wishin’ with Sam Houston?”

The Texan was very patient under these queries. He rested on his long
rifle, and spoke deliberately, surveying his audience.

“We want him in Texas, gentlemen. They held a meeting at Nacogdoches of
Eastern Texas, the other day, and passed resolution to invite him to
come down and help make Texas. He can have anything he asks for.”

“Who? Sam Houston?” laughed the steamboat captain――still in a bad
humor. “Why, he’s turned squaw man; married to a half-breed Cherokee
woman, up in the Cherokee nation. Went down to Washington on a scheme
to get a government contract for selling supplies to the Cherokees,
beat a senator there half to death, who dared criticize him, and
raised an awful muss. Senate had him arrested, and if it wasn’t for
Andrew Jackson I reckon they’d have put him in jail. Texas must be hard
up, to send for _him_.”

The Texan whirled on him indignantly.

“Don’t talk against Sam Houston to me, sir. I knew him in Tennessee,
and you can’t tell us Tennesseeans anything about Sam Houston. He’s one
of the noblest characters Providence ever created, sir. He’s got not a
drop of mean or cowardly blood in his big body. I well know that after
he parted from his wife (and the secret of his trouble has never passed
his lips) he resigned governorship and all and fled to his friends the
Injuns till he could straighten out again. But Old Hickory (and Ernest
knew that meant General Andrew Jackson, the President) has stood by
him, and anybody that Old Hickory sticks to through thick and thin
must be pretty much of a man. You’ll see Sam Houston recover yet from
whatever it is that floored him, and he’ll be honored in the history
of this country long after you and I are forgotten. Where is he? Up at

“Yes,” sullenly responded the captain. “He passed through Little Rock,
they say, some time ago, after being in that muss at Washington, so I
reckon he’s running his trading store opposite the fort, again, and
drinking whisky. They call him ‘Drunken Sam.’ You’ve a right to your
opinion, but mine is that Houston’s fallen mighty low, for a senator
and a governor.”

“Low as he is, he’s Sam Houston, and he’ll rise again,” sternly
declared the Texan. “He’ll speak for himself, like he’s done before.”

“How’s the feeling on annexation to the United States, sir?” queried
the lieutenant. “There’s a report at New Orleans that President Jackson
has asked Houston to investigate with that in view.”

The Texan laughed easily.

“We’ve 20,000 Americans in Texas, sir, but we’re not aiming now to
cut loose from Mexico. We’ve pledged ourselves to Santa Anna and the
constitution of 1824. What we want is our state rights in the Mexican
republic, and Sam Houston to lead us.”

“How about Austin?”

“Steve Austin?” And the Texan’s eyes kindled. “I’m from the DeWitt
colony, myself, but the Austin colony was the first, and it’s the
keystone of the state. Moses Austin (he died in 1821) we call the
grand-daddy of Texas, and Steve his son’s our daddy. If it wasn’t for
the way he can talk sense with the government we’d all have been booted
out. But he’s worked hard for the people through ten years, and he
ought to tend to his own interests for a spell. We need Houston. He’s
six feet four and weighs according, and he can hold Texas steady when
she begins to rock. Well,” continued the Texan, as if done, “I’m for
Fort Gibson. Who’s coming along?”

“How?” demanded the lieutenant.

“There’s a skiff, and there’s the shore. This steamboat’s too plaguey
slow for anybody from Texas.”

“Do you know the way to Gibson from here?”

“Yes, sir. It’s nigh seventy miles by river but only some fifty by
land, mostly open country. We’ll likely meet up with Injuns who’ll keep
us straight.”

“Good! I’d rather be on dry land ashore than on mud in the middle of
the river,” said the lieutenant, briskly. “If you’re bound for Gibson
afoot, so are we. Want to come, Ernest?”

Ernest nodded.

“That your boy?” queried the Texan.

“Not exactly. But he’s looking for somebody at Gibson, too, and he’s in
a hurry.”

“So?” mused the Texan, surveying Ernest kindly. “He ’pears like good
Texas timber. If I can enlist him and Sam Houston both for that
country, we’ll make a big state of it, sure. That’s the talk. All
right. How many in your party?” he asked.

“Six, and the boy.”

“Anybody else for Fort Gibson?” invited the Texan, casting a glance

But the crowd only laughed good-naturedly.

“Fishin’s too good hyar, stranger,” they asserted, in lazy manner.

The lieutenant hustled away. Presently he returned.

“Ready,” he announced. “Our baggage will go by the steamer.”

So they descended to the lower deck, where the little squad of soldier
recruits were waiting at the gunwale, with their muskets and haversacks.

“I’ve got enough for you, boy,” informed the lieutenant, to Ernest.
“Your trunk will stay with the rest of the stuff.” And while a couple
of roustabouts steadied the dug-out they all clambered cautiously in.
A recruit seized one paddle, the Texan seized another that was lying
in the bottom, and they shoved off without ceremony. The crowd above
gawked after them.

“Better let me take the bows,” quoth the Texan. “Then I can see. We
have to go a little careful. This river’s powerful full of snags.”

And it was fairly bristling with the jagged roots and branches of
tree-trunks, some projecting well above the swirling current, some
barely breaking the surface. Moreover, the dug-out, deep and narrow,
and smooth of hull, was decidedly cranky. The soldier in the stern
seemed not to be an expert paddler, and several times, in veering
sharply, the boat canted with alarming readiness.

“Steady, steady,” warned the Texan, when the men violently gripped the
gunwales. “I’ll do the steering. You lad in the stern, hold her.”

They were making for the high banks, and the current was carrying them
swiftly down, for this was the rapid side of the river. The laden
dug-out was hard to control. Now the steamboat was some distance above
them, and receding. On a sudden the Texan exclaimed with――

“Look out! Back her! Back her, I say!”

Even as he spoke the dug-out struck with a shock, hung, swerved,
tilted――a hidden snag underneath rose and fell and clung
vengefully――water began to flow in over the gunwale on the up-stream
side――several of the recruits sprang half to their feet, leaning.
“Steady! Steady!” bade the lieutenant――and amidst a general cry, over
she went. His heart in his mouth, Ernest pitched backward, and with a
splash the water closed above him. He shut his lips tight just in time.

As soon as he could right himself he kicked and paddled vigorously to
reach the surface. Up he blindly came, working hard; his head burst
the surface, and hit with a thump. Ouch! Clawing, he opened his eyes,
but for a minute he could not see. Everything was bleared and dark. He
panted, and paddling and kicking he wildly stared. Something hard was
close above him and surrounding him, like an umbrella. He stretched up
a hand, and explored. Wood! His knees hit a sharp edge, below water.
His fingers encountered a projection, near his head, and he hung on.

Now he knew. He was under the boat! He certainly was. The covering was
the bottom, inside, his knees had hit the gunwale and his fingers had
found the bow (or stern) where the gunwales came together in a point.
Yes, he was underneath the up-side-down dug-out, and he was floating
along with the current; at any rate, there was nothing but water under
him when he extended his feet as far as he dared.

The space was not pitchy dark, for some light filtered through the
water; soon he could dimly make things out. A bobbing object bumped
against him; it was a canvas haversack.

For the present he had plenty of room and plenty of air; and by kicking
occasionally, and hanging on with his fingers, he easily kept afloat.
But, jiminy, what a fix! He shouted, and his voice rang hollowly in his
ears, almost deafening him. Maybe he could dive from under. He took a
long breath and sank and kicked, doubling his neck――and bumped his head
again, on one gunwale, and his shins on the other. Huh! That didn’t
work, so in a panicky fear he came up inside to breathe. Shucks!

Now his feet dragged momentarily on a bar, but lost it. Once more he
tried to dive. He must get out from under. He sank, turned in a ball,
kicked and paddled and groped, pushed luckily with the soles of his
feet against the opposite gunwale――and away he slid, scraping his
back. He held his breath as long as he could; then out he popped, into
sunshine and freedom!

Paddling, and drinking the open air, he blinked, dazzled, until he
could gaze about. What good fortune that he had learned to swim!
However, he saw nothing but the surface of the water, and the two
shores, and the dug-out, bottom-side up and looking like a big narrow
turtle. Above him the river curved widely, and around the curve was the
steamboat, probably; but he was alone. Nobody had floated down with him.

He was nearer to the low shore than to the high, so he must have been
carried diagonally by a cross current. His feet touched bottom again,
and he started to wade, on tiptoe――when he suddenly bethought himself.
He struck out for the boat, held to it with one hand and groped under
it with the other, and hauled out the haversack. There might be
something in it to wear or eat, if the water had not spoiled all the
stuff. He felt somewhat like Robinson Crusoe; and pushing the heavy
haversack he headed for the nearer shore.

The water shoaled rapidly, until waist-high and knee-deep in the mud he
forged along, lugging the haversack (which weighed about a ton!), until
he emerged at what he had supposed was a low meadow. It had looked
like level grass; but he discovered that it wasn’t land, after all. It
was a regular swamp; with coarse cane and grass higher than his head,
and underfoot a squashy bog in which he sank to his knees again. And
the mosquitoes! And the damp heat! Shucks, and twice shucks! But there
were no two ways, now. He toiled manfully on, lugging the precious
haversack, shoving through the jungle, plumping in the soft boggy turf,
not able to see a thing except the cane and grasses, and the mosquitoes
that ate him, with the sun boiling him and his feet like lead.

It seemed to be a tremendously wide swamp. He kept a sharp lookout
for snakes, and tried his best to make a bee-line by sighting on some
tree-tops that, from occasional open spots, he could glimpse far
before. His breath came in gasps, his heart thumped, the mosquitoes and
the heat were awful, and the perspiration simply poured down his face.
He was leaving the river behind, but when he got out of the swamp, then
where would he be?

Hurrah! He guessed that he was reaching the edge, at last. The
bogginess was not so deep, and the jungle not so high. His head began
to stick above the rushes; his shoulders followed, and he could see
about him.

The trees were plain: a large timber-patch, across a short stretch
of level prairie. Out of the swamp and upon the hard prairie Ernest
staggered; and down he sank, in the hot sun, gasping. A sorry sight he
was, too: a bare-headed boy (he had lost his hat, of course), in blue
flannel shirt and gray jeans trousers and coarse cowhide shoes, soaked
to the skin and muddy to the waist. He was glad to drop the haversack
and wipe his face with his wet bandanna handkerchief. Then he took off
his shoes and socks, wrung his socks as free as he could of mud and
water, emptied his shoes, put socks and shoes on again; and after a
breathing space decided to try for the shade of the trees.

With a grunt he picked up the haversack (which he would investigate
later), and plodded on. It was another long pull to the trees, for he
was pretty weak in the knees. But he made it, without a stop; and as he
crossed the border, from sun to shade, how good the coolness felt!

The timber patch was quiet, except for the twitter of birds. Once, as
he wandered curiously forward, seeking the best seat so as to rest
and examine the haversack, he heard a quick rustle and a series of
thumps, as if he had disturbed a deer; but he did not see the deer.
Apparently he had the timber all to himself. This was rather fun,
exploring――especially if the haversack contained something to eat. But
the undergrowth was thick, and there were still some mosquitoes; and
the proper place in which to sit down would be an open space warmed by
the sun. The shade was almost too cool. After he had rested and dried
off, and perhaps had a bite to eat, he would start out and look for the
steamboat, up the river. Or maybe he could find the lieutenant, who
might be looking for _him_.

An open space appeared ahead. Ernest made for it, broke through into
it――and abruptly stopped short, staring and hugging his haversack. The
first thing that his quick eyes saw was a big Indian, directly opposite.

The Indian was sitting down, cross-legged. He was a frightfully big
Indian――quite the biggest Indian imaginable. He wore dark whiskers,
covering his chin, but he was an Indian, sure; for he had on a gaily
figured, dirty calico hunting-shirt, open at the throat so that his
hairy chest showed, and buckskin trousers, and embroidered moccasins,
and around his large head was wound a strip of red cloth, in several
folds, turban fashion. His hair appeared to hang in a pig-tail, or
braided queue, down his back. A quiver of feathered arrows lay beside
him, and a short strung bow was across his knees.

He sat without a movement, scarcely winking his eyes, which, bold and
steady and very blue, surveyed Ernest, while Ernest surveyed him.
Ernest had the feeling that this Indian had seen him first; and there,
half in sun and half in shade under the tree at the clearing’s edge,
had waited for him to approach.

“Who are you, boy?” The Indian had spoken, in a deep, resonant
voice――and he had spoken good English.

“My name is Ernest Merrill,” stammered Ernest, standing stock still.

“Where are you from?”

“From Cincinnati, Ohio.”

“How came you here?”

“I was travelling on a steamboat up the Arkansas River, and the
steamboat stuck on a mud-bar, so I got off to walk the rest of the way.”

“Where are you going?”

“Fort Gibson.”

“What do you want at Fort Gibson?”

“My uncle. He sent for me.”

“Who is your uncle?”

“He’s Sergeant John Andrews, in the United States army.”

“Who is with you?”

“N-nobody,” faltered Ernest, determined to be honest. “There were
Lieutenant Neal and some soldiers and a Texan, but the dug-out capsized
with us and I got under it and lost ’em. They must be around somewhere,
though,” he added, as a warning.

“Have you no parents?”

“Yes, sir; I’ve my mother, but she’s sick and my uncle was to take me
till she’s well. He’s going to be discharged pretty soon.”

Ernest could no longer keep himself from trembling. His knees were _so_
wobbly, and his stomach _so_ empty, and the haversack _so_ heavy; and
he was alone, and the Indian was very big. The Indian seemed to notice
the symptoms. He smiled――a beautiful but sad smile――and beckoned with a
great fore-finger.

“Come here, my boy,” he bade, in his fine resonant voice. “Fear
nothing. You are as safe with me as in your mother’s lap.” And he
added, with a dignified gesture of his open hand: “I am Sam Houston.”



Ernest went forward, across the little park. Now he was not a particle
afraid. Something in the man’s big finger and steady voice put him at
his ease. Besides, this was no Indian; it was Sam Houston in Indian
clothes. Truly, an astonishing meeting, but a happy one. So Ernest went

“What have you there, my boy?” asked Sam Houston, referring to the

“It’s a knapsack,” replied Ernest. “I found it under the boat.”

“Whom does it belong to?”

“One of the soldiers. He lost it when the boat capsized; so I took it
with me.”

“Where are the soldiers?”

“I don’t know. I guess they swam ashore while I was floating down.”

“Let me see.”

Ernest passed the haversack to him, and squatted down while Sam Houston
unbuckled the flap. After all, there wasn’t much of any use in the
haversack: only two pairs of socks, and a suit of underclothing, and a
razor and strop, and a “housewife” or little case containing needles
and thread, and several newspapers, and a tin plate and steel knife
and fork and pewter spoon, and some soggy crackers or hardtack, and
a cotton _night-cap_. None of the clothing would fit Ernest. The
haversack had weighed so much because it was water-soaked.

Sam Houston stowed everything carefully back again, and buckled the

“We will restore this to the Government when we get to Fort Gibson,” he
said. “It is not yours or mine. Can you travel? Come.” And he stood. “I
have provision. You can eat as you go. Your uncle is no longer at the
cantonment, but never mind. Sam Houston will watch over you.”

His uncle “no longer at the cantonment!” Why? And where, then? Ernest’s
heart sank.

“He has been transferred,” quoth Sam Houston, briefly, as he strode,
carrying the haversack, Ernest trotting in the wake of his great

Ernest asked no further. He felt that he was in good hands, and that
Sam Houston knew what was to be done.

In a few minutes they arrived at the edge of the timber, where a small,
bob-tailed pony was tethered to a tree. The pony nickered at their
approach. From the tree Sam Houston took down the carcass of a deer,
hanging there. He laid it over the horse’s haunches and tied it fast.
He slung his quiver at his thigh, and the haversack from the saddle,
against the horse’s side. The pony did indeed seem _very_ small; but
after handing Ernest a strip of dried meat, extracted from the bosom of
his shirt, and saying, “Chew on this, my boy,” Sam Houston untied the
animal, lifted Ernest astride the deer carcass behind the rude saddle,
and confidently mounted, himself.

Thus they rode away, at an easy amble, Ernest perched high and hanging
tight, his legs and the legs of the deer dangling.

Up hill and down, through a rolling prairie land of rich grass and
occasional brush and trees, they rode; they saw deer and wild turkeys,
and crossed several trails; and at sunset they halted, by a creek, to
spend the night. They chewed more of the dried meat, Sam Houston cut
some dried grass, spread it, and from the saddle untied a blanket, and
laid it out.

“There is our bed, yours and mine,” he said. “Some day you will
remember that you shared the couch of Sam Houston.”

Ernest snuggled beside him, and slept soundly until daybreak. After a
scanty breakfast they rode on.

It probably was about ten o’clock when, as they topped a little rise,
Ernest’s friend pointed ahead.

“Yonder is our destination,” he said, solemnly――and using the
high-sounding language of which he evidently was fond. “There lies the
cantonment of Fort Gibson; and across the stream from it waits the
humble habitation of Sam Houston.”

Slightly to the south of west showed a river, marked by its line of
trees. That was the Arkansas. From the north another river joined it;
and on the hither shore of this river, a few miles above its mouth, was
a group of buildings, occupying a lovely placid site in the sunny open.
Across the wide grassy prairie that stretched to the river ambled the
pony, with its double burden――Ernest holding fast and peering.

Soon he could make out the Stars and Stripes floating on the breeze,
from its tall flag-staff. Several Indians――real Indians――were met, on
their ponies. They were dressed much like Sam Houston; some carried
bows, some muskets. With them Sam Houston exchanged a dignified word
of greeting. And presently the fort itself was reached――but it did not
appear to be much of a fort; just a small collection of low, shabby
wooden buildings around a parade-ground.

Ernest was disappointed. However, he did not waste many moments by
criticizing his port. As the pony entered the parade-ground, apparently
being directed straight for the quarters of the commanding officer
himself, almost the first white persons that Ernest saw were young
Lieutenant Neal, and the tall Texan, crossing the parade-ground
together. And they had seen him.

With a little shout of joy, off from the deer carcass tumbled Ernest,
and ran forward. The lieutenant and Mr. Carroll met him half way, and
there was a great shaking of hands.

“Are you all here?” demanded Ernest, breathless. “I am. Sam Houston
brought me.”

“Great Cæsar! Is that Sam Houston?” exclaimed the Texan. “With that
Cherokee dress and those whiskers on his chin I didn’t know him. Bless
my heart, but I’m glad to see you! Where did you go to? You disappeared
completely. We――――”

“I was under the boat,” explained Ernest.

“Is that so! We saw the boat but we didn’t sight you. We swam and waded
to the high bank――――”

“I landed on the other side; the low side,” explained Ernest. “Quite a
way down, though. I couldn’t get out from under the boat, at first.”

“Lucky you did get out,” said the lieutenant, soberly. “We never
thought of _that_. Well, we searched along the bank, the best we could;
then we told some Indians to keep a watch-out for you, and borrowed
some horses from them and rode on to the fort. Got here about midnight.”

“My uncle isn’t here any more, Mr. Houston says,” faltered Ernest, his
spirits dropping.

“No, he isn’t, Ernest,” admitted the lieutenant. “He’s been gone about
two weeks. But never mind. You’ll be cared for. Now let’s speak with
General Houston a minute.”

General Houston, as the lieutenant had entitled him, was sitting
with dignified patience on his bob-tailed pony, as if waiting for
recognition. Followed by Ernest, the lieutenant and the Texan stepped
over to him.

“I am Lieutenant Neal, sir,” addressed the lieutenant. “If I mistake
not, I have the honor of addressing General Houston.”

“The same, sir,” bowed the general.

“Allow me to present Mr. Carroll, recently from Texas. You have done a
great service, sir, in restoring to his friends this boy, with whom I
travelled from the Mississippi River, and who I feared had been lost by
an untimely accident.”

“It is one of the few pleasures of my life, sir,” responded the
general. “I have informed him that Sergeant John Andrews, his uncle,
is no longer stationed at Fort Gibson. Does the further disposal of the
boy rest with you or with me?”

“I will take charge of him, and thank you,” answered the lieutenant.

“Then I will consign to you this haversack, also, which is the property
of the Government,” continued the general. “Good-by, sirs. Good-by, my
boy. Shall you ever need a friend, you will find him in Sam Houston.”
He gravely eyed the Texan. “From Texas, eh? I will speak with you anon,
sir.” He touched his pony with his heel, and turning aside ambled away.

“A ruined man,” mused the lieutenant, gazing after. “Think of him, as
once a congressman, and governor of a state! I fear his violent habits
have weighted him down beyond recall.”

“A great character struggling to free itself again,” corrected the
Texan. “There is nothing half-way about Sam Houston. Just now he’s
like a wounded b’ar, that bites its own flesh and crawls about seeking
healing yarbs. But wait till he’s recovered. Why,” added the Texan,
“in his Injun clothes, on a bob-tail hoss, he rides as if he were in
broadcloth on a thoroughbred!”

And Ernest decided that the Texan was right.

The next thing on the program, for Ernest, was of course a change of
clothes. In the lieutenant’s room he was fitted out, after a fashion;
and although the clothes were rather large, they were clean. The
steamboat with his trunk had not arrived yet. As like as not she was
still stuck on the bar.

So Ernest, while awaiting word of his uncle the sergeant, who had been
sent out with a scouting detail across country clear to Cantonment
Leavenworth in what is to-day Kansas, stayed at Fort Gibson. It was
likely, according to the lieutenant, that the sergeant would get
his discharge at Leavenworth. Well, what then? Would he come back?
Scarcely. Would he send for Ernest to meet him? Nobody seemed to know.
Therefore Ernest wrote a letter――a long, long letter――to his mother,
and settled down to do the best that he could. He was such a handy
lad that he felt he could earn his way; and as he was willing to do
anything, he kept very busy performing little jobs for Lieutenant Neal
and the other officers.

Fort Gibson, or Cantonment Gibson (a cantonment being deemed not so
permanent as a fort), located here on the east bank of the Grand
River a few miles above the Arkansas, in the southwest corner of the
United States possessions, was only a small post established among the
Cherokee, Creek and Choctaw Indians of the Indian Country. Of these,
the Cherokees were the most numerous around the post. They had their
principal village, named Tah-lon-tees-kee, down the Arkansas about
thirty miles; they lived in quite a civilized fashion, with their
rulers and councils, and comfortable houses, and well-cultivated farms.
White people had married into the tribe, and they even kept slaves.

Sam Houston was a Cherokee; he had been adopted by the old head chief
John Jolly――whose Indian name was Oo-loo-te-kah; and took part in the
councils that made the laws, and was given the name Col-lon-neh, which
meant The Raven. He was one of the few white men who could speak the
Cherokee language.

But lately Sam Houston had left the Cherokee town of Tah-lon-tees-kee;
he had married a half-Cherokee woman named Tyania Rodgers, and with her
had settled across the Grand River opposite Fort Gibson, where he had
taken up land, built a log house, and was farming and trading.

Ernest saw him frequently, at the post and also across the river.
There was something mysterious about Sam Houston. Nobody appeared to
understand what had got into him, except that he had been disappointed
in his marriage back in Tennessee, and had separated from his wife
there, resigned his governorship of Tennessee, and had fled as far as
he could from all his white acquaintances. He never breathed a syllable
about the cause of his trouble; people respected him for that. He never
permitted a word to be uttered blaming his first wife; and people
respected him for that. He “took his medicine,” as the saying was. But
no one could respect his habits, especially his drunkenness.

He wore Cherokee Indian costume constantly――usually a slovenly costume,
as when Ernest had first seen him, but again a “full dress” of
beautiful white doeskin hunting-shirt, yellow buckskin leggins, beaded
moccasins, a brilliant red blanket as a cloak, and a kind of crown of
wild-turkey feathers. Thus he stalked about.

He hunted much, alone, with bow-and-arrow and with gun. He had spells
when he would answer nobody except in Cherokee. And he had other spells
when he lay on the ground drunk, even at the fort itself. Then his wife
Tyania, who was as large and as stately as himself, would seek him and
take him home to the log house across the Grand River. He was known
as “Drunken Sam”; and even his Indian brothers called him “Big Drunk”
instead of Col-lon-neh, The Raven.

It was a sad step downward for any man to take; and for a man who had
been as great as Sam Houston――――! Yet, sober or drunk, he still had
about him a dignity that bespoke his better days in the past, and
perhaps promised better days to come. He almost always greeted Ernest
very kindly, and Ernest could not help but like him.

The tall Texan, Dick Carroll, soon left for the down-river and the
Mississippi. Whether he had persuaded General Houston to help Texas,
nobody knew; but at any rate, he promised to keep an eye out for
Ernest’s uncle, in case that the sergeant had returned to the Arkansas
as far as Fort Smith, say. As for the trunk, Ernest never saw it again,
or the steamboat either!

The fall, crisp and bright, with occasional flurries of snow, merged
into winter, and December opened brave and sunny, with bracing days
and sharp starry nights. Then, ere a week had passed, through the post
circulated the news that Sam Houston had gone. On his bob-tailed pony
he had ridden away, as if for Texas at last. Only his wife Tyania
remained in the log cabin across the Grand.

Of course there were many reports. One rumor declared that he had gone
to Texas by request of President Jackson, to make treaties with the
Comanches and the other Texas Indians, for the United States. This
rumor afterwards proved true. Another rumor said that he had been asked
by the President to investigate the people and affairs in Texas, and to
see what the likelihood was that it would separate from Mexico. This
rumor also afterwards seemed to be proved true. But John Henry, another
trader at Fort Gibson, stated:

“Sam Houston has gone to Texas to stay. He’s been intending that a long
time. And not six months ago he said to me, on the bank of the Grand
River: ‘Henry, let’s go to Texas. I’m tired of this country and sick
of this life. It’s no place or occupation for me. Anyway, I’m going,
and in that new land I will make a _man_ of myself again.’ He also said
he’d make a fortune for both of us, if I’d go with him.”

“If he’ll make the man of himself, that’s enough; better than fortune,”
quoth Lieutenant Neal, standing near. “And I believe he will. I’d
feared his ambition was dead; but it isn’t, and anybody with ambition
to be something higher is by no means hopeless. I’m glad he’s gone. The
Cherokees and other Indians will miss him, though; he was their best

Ernest missed him, too; missed him already――and rather wanted to go to
Texas, himself. However, on the very next day who should come riding
into the post but Mr. Carroll the Texan, back from his trip down-river,
and eager indeed over the tidings with which he was greeted.

“Sam Houston’s gone, they tell me! Gone to Texas! Pshaw! He must have
crossed my trail, then, on his way down to Nacogdoches. But it’s good
news. Hello, boy,” he cried, sighting Ernest. “I had word of your
uncle. He was at Fort Smith, but he left for Texas before I could catch
him. I reckon he didn’t know you were up here. If you’d like to follow
him now’s your chance, for I’m off to Texas myself in the morning.”

“All right,” said Ernest. “I’ll go if I can get a horse.”

“A hoss!” laughed Mr. Carroll. “No boy who’s plucky enough to take the
long trail into Texas shall lack a hoss. Not much!”

“Besides, he’s earned one,” declared the lieutenant, hearing. “He’s
worked hard at whatever he was told to do, and my yellow pony that he’s
been riding is his to keep; yes, and saddle and bridle, too.”

So Ernest, outfitted, by the friends whom he had made, not only
with the yellow pony, and saddle and bridle, but also with clothes,
provisions, and a buck-handled hunting-knife, found himself the next
morning prepared to ride southward with Dick Carroll the Texan.

He was shaking hands and exchanging good-byes, when into the midst
strode a young Cherokee, the nephew of Tyania, Sam Houston’s wife.

He bore a beautiful light little rifle, beaded hide bullet-pouch, and
powder-flask of black buffalo horn scraped smooth and thin. Straight he
marched to Ernest’s stirrup.

“Tyania send these,” he said, extending them. “You go to Texas. When
you see Sam Houston you tell Sam Houston Tyania love him, she wait here
for him, but she never go there.”

And he had hastened away before Ernest had had time even to thank him.

“By jiminy!” exclaimed the Texan, as Ernest, much flustrated and
delighted, slung the bullet-pouch and powder-horn upon his shoulders
and balanced the little rifle. “Now you’re sure fixed out, and that
Mexican government had better mind how it behaves or Texas will be

They left Fort Gibson behind them, and crossed the Arkansas River
by means of an Indian flatboat ferry――to which the horses did not
object at all. Almost due south they rode; straight for Texas, by a
narrow trail that led through the timber and the prairies clear to
Nacogdoches, which was the first town of any importance on the Texas
northeastern frontier. Mr. Carroll was not certain that he wished to go
to Nacogdoches; but he hoped to overtake General Houston, or at least
to learn his whereabouts.

All day they rode; at night they camped. They passed through a portion
of the Creek Indian nation (the Creeks looked much like the Cherokees);
and after that they saw scarcely anybody except Choctaws (another
half-civilized Indian people), until before they reached the Red River
they sighted, at noon, ahead, three men sitting their horses in the
trail, and grouped as if chatting.

“Sam Houston!” ejaculated Mr. Carroll. “Now we’ll know what’s what.”
And he added, as they drew near: “Elias Rector, too. He’s United States
marshal for Arkansas Territory. T’other one’s name is Harris, I think.
Met him down at Little Rock. Major Arnold Harris.”

Sure enough, General Houston it was, his head thrust through a Mexican
blanket, draped over his shoulders, and a large-brimmed whitey-gray
wool hat on his crown. He looked larger than ever, but it was no wonder
that Ernest had not recognized him, for he had been clean shaven.
However, Mr. Carroll had sharp eyes.

The spot proved to be the focus of several trails; and as Mr. Carroll
and Ernest arrived, the general was heavily dismounting from his
bob-tailed pony.

“This bob-tailed pony is a disgrace,” declared the general. “He is
continually fighting the flies, and has no means of protecting himself;
and his kicks and contortions render his rider ridiculous. I shall be
the laughter of all Mexico. I require a steed with his natural weapon,
a flowing tail, that he may defend himself against his enemies as his
master has done. Harris, good-bye; but first you must trade with me.
What are your terms?”

“Very well, Sam, I will,” agreed Major Harris. “But we’ll each keep our
own saddle and bridle.”

“So be it,” answered the general. “Now, Jack,” he said to his
bob-tailed pony, as he stripped him, “you and I must part. You have
been a good and faithful servant to me, but, Jack, there comes a time
in the life of every man when he and his friends must separate. You are
a faithful pony. You are a hardy pony. You are a sure-footed pony. But
cruel man has made you defenseless against the common enemy of your
kind, the pesky fly. Where I am going they are very thick. The Almighty
in His wisdom gave you a defense, but man has taken it from you, and
without a tail you are helpless. I must therefore with pain and anguish
part with you.”

So saying, he changed the saddle and bridle to the larger horse, which
had a fine long tail.

“Houston,” spoke the third man, the United States marshal, “I’d like to
give you some little keepsake before we separate, but I have nothing
except my razor. Will you take it? I never saw a better one.” And he
extracted it from his saddle-bag and extended it.

“Major Rector,” proclaimed the general, much as if he were making
a public speech, “I accept it. This is apparently a gift of little
value, but it is an inestimable testimony of the friendship which has
lasted many years, and proved steadfast under the blasts of calumny and
injustice. Good-bye. God bless you. When next you see this razor it
shall be shaving the President of a Republic.”

“How are you fixed for money, Sam?” inquired Major Harris. “You may
need some where you’re going.”

“Money?” answered the general, solemnly. “Unfortunately, I am always in
need of money.”

“Then let me divide with you. I’ve more with me than I can use, and you
can repay me at your leisure.”

“Thank you,” acknowledged the general, pocketing what was proffered.
“Remember my words, Harris, I shall yet be the president of a great
republic. I shall bring that nation to the United States, and if they
don’t watch me closely I shall be the President of the White House some
day. Good-by.” And reining his horse around, he rode down one of the

He apparently had not noticed Mr. Carroll and Ernest. But the two other
men, taking another trail, saluted civilly as they passed.

“Well,” remarked the Texan, to Ernest, and gazing after the rapidly
receding form of the general, “I reckon Sam Houston’s bound for Texas,
all right. Didn’t I tell that steamboat captain and the rest of you
that Houston would rise again? He’s made up his mind and nothing can
stop him.”

Thus speaking, the Texan touched his horse, and with Ernest rode onward
into the south.

That evening they half waded, half swam their horses, across a ford of
a rapid river. On the farther bank Mr. Carroll raised his hat as if in
a salute, and turned to Ernest with a smile.

“Now you’re in Texas, lad,” he said. “That was the Red River.”

They made camp, and lay down together in their wet clothes, feet to the
fire, while a flock of turkeys (minus one which had supplied a supper)
querulously piped in the trees beside the water before they, also,
settled for the night.

Texas! Was ever a land elsewhere so vast and yet so beautiful as this,
thought Ernest, as throughout the next day he and the Texan steadily
rode onward, threading deeply-grassed prairies, circuiting patches of
rich timber, crossing streams and swamps, and seeing scarce a sign of
human life, but horses and deer and turkeys in abundance. Where were
the Texas settlers?

Mr. Carroll laughed.

“Down yonder we’ll find ’em,” he said. “But the country’s not crowded.
Every man has plenty room. This is principally Comanche range――and
those fellows we don’t want to see!”

After such long travel that Ernest completely lost track of the
days, they came to the first real token of civilization: a straight,
well-travelled road, with marks not only of horses’ hoofs but of wheels.

“The Royal Road,” explained Mr. Carroll, pausing. “Laid out by the
Spanish before the Texas settlers entered. Runs clean across the middle
of Texas between Nacogdoches of the east and San Antonio of the west.
But we don’t follow it. We strike down by the San Felipe trace, for
Gonzales. If we followed the San Antonio road we’d pass too far north.”

Presently he turned off, to the left, upon a much lesser road――another
of those Texas trails or “traces.” Evidently this was the San Felipe
trace. Now they met a few people, mainly hunters on horseback; and that
night they stopped with a settler family at whose ranch-house, a rude
log cabin, glassless and floorless, they were made more than welcome to
a supper of corn-bread, venison and honey, and to a husk bunk.

The next afternoon Mr. Carroll pointed ahead.

“San Felipe on the Brazos,” he announced. “First American town founded
in Texas, headquarters of Steve Austin’s colony, and sort of capital
for the whole outfit of us. We’ll stop there to-night, and at Burnam’s
on the Colorado to-morrow night, and day after we’ll push on through to

San Felipe was a straggling little town, with scattered houses of logs
and of thick, rough-sawed siding like clapboards, and dusty but wide
streets, centering about two public squares or plazas. There was a
tavern, run by a settler named Whitesides, and a double log house where
lived Stephen Austin himself, the “Father of Texas.” He was away from
town, just now, on business. Mr. Carroll thought that at least 1500
people formed the population of the San Felipe neighborhood. The farms
were said to be the most prosperous in Texas.

This night’s lodging was at the house of another friend――Mr. R. M.
Williamson, one of whose legs was bent at the knee, so that he moved
by help of a crutch. He had been alcalde, or mayor, of San Felipe, and
was called “Three-legged Willie.” He seemed to be a fine man, of quick,
decisive action.

What he and Mr. Carroll talked upon, late into the night, Ernest did
not know――he did not stay awake to hear.

“Thirty miles to-day,” quoth the Texan, as in the morning he and Ernest
ambled out of San Felipe. “Fifty to-morrow, and then we’re there.”

The trace continued into the west. And again it was a rather lonesome
trail, save for the very few ranches, and an occasional traveller by
horse――now and then an American in buckskins or coarse cloth, and now
and then a swarthy Mexican enveloped in a blanket. If there were 20,000
Americans settled in Texas, they must be settled at great intervals;
and this Ernest soon learned was true.

“Yon’s the Colorado,” informed Mr. Carroll, toward evening, as they
jogged slowly, saving their horses for the longer ride to-morrow. “The
Burnams live across on the west bank. Hope the captain’s at home. Want
you to meet him. He’s four-square. One of the original Austin settlers,
he is. Came out hereabouts from East Texas along in ’22. Took sick in
the War of 1812, and he was the porest man in Texas, I reckon. Born
pore, in fact――and when he married, in Tennessee, his wife had to sell
her stockings to get plates to eat off of. But he’s getting ahead, now,
and he’s a powerful Injun fighter. That’s the kind of stuff we have in
Texas, to make a state; and it’s the right stuff, too.”

Burnam’s Crossing was a ford at the Colorado River, but a ferry was
operated here, also, in high water. From the east bank, where another
settler lived, the Burnam ranch could be seen, opposite: a log house
built like a block-house, and several out-structures. Ernest and his
guide plashed through the water.

Yes, Captain Burnam was at home, for when they drew up before the
hitching rail in front of the ranch yard a bearded man hastened from
the corral to greet them.

“Howdy? Light and come in,” he called, cheerily. “Oh, boys! Put up
these gentlemen’s hosses.”

A young man issued from the corral and with a word to Mr. Carroll led
the two horses away. Ernest was introduced to Captain Burnam; and in
the house to the rest of the family. At supper there was another boy,
of dark eyes and hair, whose name was James Hill――or James Monroe, they
called him, by his middle name, when they didn’t call him plain Jim.

He was older than Ernest, being fourteen, but he was a boy, just the
same; and although there were boys in the Burnam family, Ernest was
glad to meet as many boys as possible. It would have been pretty
stupid, in Texas, without boys.

“I live out just a small piece,” explained James Monroe. “You going to
Gonzales, I reckon?”

“I guess so,” responded Ernest.

“Mr. Carroll some of your kin?”

“No. I’m looking for my uncle.”

“Who’s he?”

“Sergeant John Andrews, of the United States Army. But he’s been
discharged, and he’s somewhere in Texas.”

“Wasn’t that an army sergeant named Andrews who was killed by the
Karankawas down on the Trinity, couple of months ago, dad?” blurted one
of the Burnam boys.

“Sh!” warned his mother; but it was too late.

“That so?” queried Mr. Carroll of Captain Burnam. “Hadn’t heard. What
about it?” And Ernest waited, breathless.

“So’s the tell,” acknowledged Captain Burnam, slowly. “There was a
party of traders massacred by the Karankawas, and a man by name of
John Andrews, from the United States Army, was among ’em. He was
a newcomer. They all were newcomers or they wouldn’t have been so

Silence fell.

“That’s sure too bad,” volunteered Jim Hill, to Ernest. “Maybe ’twasn’t
your uncle. Did you know him well?”

“No, I never saw him; but he was to take care of me,” faltered Ernest.

“Well,” said Mr. Carroll, quickly, “don’t you mind, boy. You’re no
worse off. I’d sort of adopted you, anyway. So you come along to
Gonzales, and I’ll see you don’t suffer, you bet.”

“Of course. Never mind. You stay with Dick Carroll and he’ll make a
Texan of you,” spoke Mrs. Burnam. “Just forget your uncle and those

Ernest gulped.

“I guess I will,” he said. They all were trying to be so kind to him
that he could not say anything else. And he did like Dick Carroll.

James Monroe Hill left, after supper, to ride over to his home. He told
Ernest he’d see him again; and he did.

The start for the fifty-mile ride to Gonzales was made at daybreak,
with the hospitable Burnam family waving good-by from the block-house.
The winding trace led across numerous streams, and past several
isolated ranches; and near sunset Dick Carroll again pointed before.

“Gonzales――little old Gonzales,” he informed. “She’s the last of the
white settlements, but she’s home, and it’s good to see her again.”

They entered another straggling town, smaller than San Felipe. Dick
exchanged greetings with the people whom he passed; he turned his horse
and Ernest’s into the public corral, for the night, and led the way,
through the dusk, for supper and bed in his own cabin, which was to be
Ernest’s also.



Ernest awakened in the morning full of curiosity. While Dick Carroll
was attending to some business matters, after breakfast, he himself
had time to explore his new home. Gonzales was not much of a town, as
yet, being smaller than San Felipe. However, it was lavishly laid out,
six miles square, in blocks divided off by broad straight streets,
which ran out into the open country, the majority indicated only by
surveyor’s stakes and some indicated not at all. There were a Market
Square, and a Military Plaza, and other public parks (as required by
Mexican law); a hotel called Turner’s Inn; a sort of a fort, in case
of Indian attacks; a store or two; and about twenty houses of logs and
clapboards, and well scattered. On many of the squares there was only a
single house; and on others none at all. The main residence section was
the southwest corner of the tract, called the “inner” town. To north
and east extended the “outer” town, sparsely occupied by ranches.

This Gonzales was located on a timbered prairie, from which trees had
been cut for house building. The Guadalupe River flowed in a curve on
the west edge of town, and a few families had settled across on the
west side of the river. In the north of the “outer” town was a heavy
timber patch, which Smith’s Creek separated from a green prairie to
the south; and through the town wended Kerr’s Creek, along which the
first cabins had been erected, in 1825, when Colonel Green DeWitt (who
owned all the vast colony tract) and Major James Kerr, of the Missouri
senate, brought in the first settlers.

In honor of Don Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila and Texas, was
the settlement named; in 1826 it had been destroyed by the Indians and
was rebuilt in 1827.

Even yet it was in constant danger from the Indians, particularly the
Tawakanas; and it had been loaned a six-pounder brass cannon by the
presidio of San Antonio, for protection. The cannon was not mounted,
but it was kept in readiness.

Gonzales was the westernmost of the American settlements in Texas.
Further west there was only old San Antonio de Bexar or Bejar――usually
styled by the last word, pronounced “Behar.” It was seventy-five
miles by road, and was strictly a Mexican town, although Americans
lived there. Years before it had been established as a Roman Catholic
mission, where were stationed priests and soldiers to educate and
control the Indians. The mission part was abandoned, but as a presidio
or garrison of Mexican soldiery, and as the principal Mexican military
post in Texas, old Bejar was considered of much importance. The road to
it was lonely and unsettled.

East of Gonzales, about eighty miles, was San Felipe――Stephen Austin’s
town; south sixty miles was Goliad or Goliath, formerly the Mexican
military post of La Bahia, on the lower San Antonio River; and down the
Guadalupe, below Gonzales, about the same distance, was Victoria. But
the country between, surrounding Gonzales, was all wild and unoccupied,
and Gonzales was a real frontier settlement.

Dick Carroll “bached” it in his little log cabin; here he and Ernest
slept and cooked their meals. Ernest on his first day was set at work
herding horses on the prairie north of the houses; and thinking hard
while sitting his yellow pony, and listening to Dick Carroll and the
other men, in his hours off duty, he soon got a pretty clear idea of
the situation in Texas.

“It’s this way,” explained Mr. Carroll. “Texas wants to be a free
and self-governing Mexican state, with all the privileges of the
constitution of 1824. But instead of that, the blamed Mexican
government has joined us to the other province of Coahuila, that lies
next to us, just across the Rio Grande, so we’re only a part of the
state of Coahuila and Texas. Now, that doesn’t go. Coahuila province
and Texas province are different peoples altogether. Across the Rio
Grande everything is Mexican and can be run ’cording to Mexican ideas.
But Texas is settled up by Americans, used to different laws and
different habits, and perfectly capable of governing themselves if
only given the chance. Now when we’re tacked onto Coahuila, and the
state officers are mainly located in Coahuila, and they’re most of ’em
Mexicans, to boot, a small show does Texas stand of putting through the
kind of laws that Americans can live and do business under. Santa Anna,
though, will help us as soon as he’s president, now that the revolution
ag’in Bustamante has won out. And this spring Texas is going to hold a
regular state convention by itself, draw up a state constitution, and
ask the government to approve it. I reckon Sam Houston’ll be one of the
delegates from Nacogdoches; and if so, the constitution’ll be dog-proof
and hog-tight. He ought to be down this way right quick. He was over at
San Felipe, to meet Austin, last week, I hear tell, and he’s going on
through to Bejar, they say.”

Mr. Carroll had spoken correctly, for within a day or two the general
(he had been general of the Tennessee militia) did appear in Gonzales.
Ernest found him there, at supper time, talking in the midst of a group
of citizens. He wore the same big, broad-brimmed whitish hat, and
Mexican blanket, and buckskin pantaloons, and looked as large as any
two other men.

Ernest stood on the outskirts of the little circle of curious
spectators, and gazed like the rest of them. He _knew_ Sam Houston;
certainly he did; but although Dick Carroll was there, taking part in
the conversation, he felt as if it would be rather nervy of him to
elbow in. Still, he hoped that the general would notice him, in some

However, Mr. Carroll chanced to see him, and beckoned him forward.

“Here’s another friend of yourn, general,” announced Dick, holding
Ernest by the arm. “And he’s a Texan, too. We catch ’em young, in this
country. You remember him, I reckon?”

The general smiled his wonderful, kindly smile, and stretched out his
great hand, which entirely swallowed Ernest’s.

“I remember him well, and I congratulate him. The hope of Texas is in
the youth who shall be reared within its borders.”

Ernest blushed. This was embarrassing, but a warm glow filled his
heart, and he determined to deserve those encouraging words. He did not
know whether he was doing right, yet now was his opportunity to deliver
his message; so he spoke it.

“Tyania gave me a rifle, when I started,” he stammered. “And she said
to tell you, when I saw you in Texas, that she would wait for you up
there but she didn’t think she’d come down here.”

“Tyania?” mused the general, in his resonant voice. He repeated the
name, dwelling tenderly on the syllables, “Tyania? A noble woman, who
succored me in the darkest hours of my adversity. She belongs to my
past life. I shall send for her, I shall send for her; and my only fear
is that she will _not_ come.” He swept a fierce, eagle glance around
him. “Let no man ever utter a word derogatory to Tyania Rodgers.”

And in due time Sam Houston did send for Tyania to share his new life;
but she refused to leave her Indian people. There, shortly afterwards,
she died.

Dick Carroll broke the brief silence that followed the general’s
emphatic speech.

“I want this lad to meet Jim Bowie, too,” he said. “Shake hands with
Ernest Merrill, colonel. He’s thrown in with Texas, and is going to be
one of us as fast as he can. His uncle was wiped out by the Injuns on
the Trinity; named John Andrews.”

“I am pleased to meet the nephew,” responded Mr. Bowie, politely,
extending a slim, bronzed hand. “I have heard of the unfortunate fate
of Sergeant Andrews.”

Ernest bravely shook hands with a tall, straight man, of powerful
frame, light, fine skin, and smooth complexion set with small stern
mouth and a pair of coldly fierce blue eyes. But he had a gentle
manner, and Ernest decided to like him.

“Well, gentlemen, let us to what business there may be,” prompted
General Houston.

The group dissolved. The general and Colonel Bowie and several other
men walked away; Dick Carroll and Ernest proceeded to their supper.

“Sam Houston’s surely going to stay in Texas,” remarked Mr. Carroll.
“You heard what he said about Tyania and his past life. He’s already
sort of taken up residence at Nacogdoches, and agreed to be a delegate
to the convention, if he’s elected. He and Jim Bowie are bound for
Bejar, where Houston talks to the Comanche Indians, to get ’em to
attend a treaty council at Fort Gibson and promise to be friendly to
the United States. Colonel Bowie――――” he added. “Don’t forget that
you’ve met James Bowie. He was born in Georgia, but he was raised in
Louisiana. You’ve heard of the bowie-knife? Jim and his brother Rezin
invented it――mostly Rezin, they say. Jim’s a terrible fighter when
he’s called on to fight. They claim he’s the only man who ever roped
and rode an alligator, alone, for fun. Rezin and he have been in some
powerful Indian tussles, since they came to Texas. He’s married now to
the daughter of Juan Veramendi, the vice-governor of state of Coahuila
and Texas, at Bejar, and has the license for a big cotton and wool
factory, over beyond the Rio Grande. But I doubt if he’s the kind of a
man to settle down to that.”

The year had changed from 1832 to 1833, and the people of Gonzales and
of all Texas, as far as Ernest could hear, expected great prosperity.
Sam Houston had been to San Antonio de Bexar (or Bejar), and had
returned eastward by the great highway, the Royal Road, north of

The convention was to meet in April to formulate a constitution and
other measures for presentation to Santa Anna as soon as he should be
installed as head of the Mexican Republic. Once permitted to elect its
state officers and make its own laws, Texas would jump ahead.

The convention assembled at San Felipe on April 1, this 1833. Ernest
did not ride over, but Dick Carroll, and other Gonzales citizens, did,
to be on hand, so Gonzales was well informed as to what was done.

The constitution was drawn under the direction of Sam Houston, the
chairman of the committee to prepare it. Another committee wrote a
memorial or address to the Mexican government, explaining what Texas
desired. It said that Texas was at a standstill, because of the attacks
by the Indians, the lack of sufficient laws, and the restrictions
placed upon immigration from the United States; and it asked that the
government decree of 1830, which ordered that no more Americans should
enter Texas, be officially repealed.

Three delegates were appointed to carry the wishes of Texas to the
City of Mexico; but only one made the trip. He was Stephen F. Austin
himself, the “Father of Texas.” And when he passed through Gonzales,
Ernest saw him for the first time.

It was not difficult to understand why the people of Texas loved Austin
so, but he looked more like a student than a pioneer who had brought
the first settlers into Texas, a dozen years ago, and had lived here
ever since. He was slender and graceful and of only medium height,
and wore a fringed suit of soft seal-brown buckskin――although it was
said that he had a suit of broadcloth with him, to wear in the City
of Mexico. His hair was brown and curly, his smooth face long and
fair, and his gray-blue eyes were large and thoughtful. He appeared
tired and perplexed, and not very strong. It was claimed that he was
a college graduate, and that since coming to Texas he had studied the
Spanish language until he could speak it thoroughly, and that nobody
was better acquainted with the Mexican laws than he. He and Sam Houston
had been born in the same year, in Virginia; but no two men were more
different. Sam Houston was massive and majestic; whereas Stephen Austin
was slight and modest.

Austin proceeded on for the City of Mexico, where General Santa Anna
had been inaugurated as president. Gonzales wished him good luck; he
was paying his own expenses, and he was going all alone, and much
depended again upon him.

“He’ll fetch back the bacon, if anybody can,” remarked Dick Carroll,
rather dubiously. “But sometimes I don’t trust even Santa Anna. You
never can tell what is about to happen, down there in Mexico; and Santa
Anna may want to be the whole thing, just like the others.”

It was a long journey to the City of Mexico, and weeks would pass
before Texas could hear from its petition for a separate statehood.
Meanwhile, affairs continued to be not satisfactory at all. For
instance, the legislature of Coahuila and Texas, which was more for
Coahuila than for Texas, had assembled and among other measures adopted
one that declared that petitions to the government “excited disorder,”
and therefore no more than three persons should join in any petition.
This was not the way Texas felt. Other resolutions also were adopted
which seemed to be aimed against the Texas half of the state. And
soon afterward Coahuila became even divided against itself, when the
legislature attempted to change the capital from the town of Saltillo
to the town of Monclova. A little revolution ensued, down there across
the Rio Grande. It was evident that Texas could expect small help from
Coahuila, and must stand on its own feet. The Mexican way of government
was not the Texas-American way.

Other disquieting news arrived. Santa Anna had been president only a
few months, when up rose a party of the Mexican people and proclaimed
him dictator, an absolute ruler responsible to nobody, much less to the
republic’s constitution of 1824. It seemed to be the opinion that Santa
Anna had hatched this movement, himself; and although he accompanied an
army under General Arista, to subdue the revolutionists, he was accused
of making only a pretense at resistance. Then, when General Arista
turned revolutionist, and actually seized Santa Anna and insisted that
he be dictator, the whole matter looked more suspicious than ever.

But Don Gomez Farias, the vice-president, proved to be honest and
faithful. He promptly squelched the movement, and President Santa
Anna, finding that the revolution was not going to succeed and that he
could not be made dictator yet, pretended to escape, and returned to
the capital. He did not like Don Gomez any the better for his honesty;
and saying that he needed rest he retired to his great ranch, there to
scheme while he waited another opportunity.

Meanwhile, again, Stephen Austin was due in the City of Mexico, bearing
the petition from Texas for the national congress to act upon; but with
so much confusion and plotting, it would appear that he would arrive at
not a very favorable time.

In Gonzales, even, not all the people were agreed. Dick Carroll and
some others were strong for securing Texas rights at no matter what
cost; but the majority seemed to be in favor of keeping things as they
were, if they could not be bettered peaceably. Gonzales was so cut
off from the rest of the American settlements, and was so exposed to
attack by Indians as well as the Mexican soldiery at Bejar, and so much
depended upon raising crops and other supplies, that the town dreaded
a general up-setting until it was more firmly established. Indeed, a
letter had been dispatched from the town to the Mexican “political
chief,” as he was entitled, of the district, at San Antonio, explaining
that Gonzales did not wish to take any part in the differences between
Bustamante and Santa Anna, and preferred to remain neutral and attend
to its own business. It also had declined to take sides in the dispute
with the Mexican officials in East Texas.

But when the convention was held at San Felipe, to prepare a
constitution and to ask for statehood, then Gonzales sent delegates.
On the question of statehood it stood up for Texas. Dick Carroll had
plenty of company.

As the weeks sped, Ernest met a number of Texans who were as prominent
as Colonel James Bowie. There was Colonel Ben Milam, a Kentuckian who
had fought in the War of 1812; had been an Indian trader in Texas
before the American settlements; and a leader in Mexico when the people
first tried to obtain a republican form of government; and a prisoner
there, and afterwards had been rewarded by a large tract of land,
and now had another tract, for a colony, but was unable to settle it
because of the Indians. A dark, handsome man was Colonel Benjamin R.
Milam, who spent much of his time over in Coahuila province.

There was Captain William Barret Travis, from North Carolina, who last
summer, at Anahuac on the Gulf coast of East Texas, had been thrown
into a dungeon by a tyrannical Mexican official, for resisting some
brutal soldiery. Only twenty-two was William Travis. His home was down
on Galveston Bay, near Anahuac, but Ernest once saw him while on a trip
to San Felipe――a lithe, boyish six-footer, with round freckled face,
reddish hair, and steel blue eyes. People said that he was all nerve;
nothing could daunt him.

There was “Deaf” Smith, whose real name was Erasmus Smith, but who
was hard of hearing. Texas was a great place for nicknames. A small,
spare, leathery-faced and wrinkled-faced man was “Deaf” Smith, of New
York, who kept very much to himself and rarely had anything to say
to anybody. He had come to Texas in 1817, and in 1825 had been one of
the first settlers at Gonzales. He had married a Mexican woman and now
lived at San Antonio. He was a famous hunter and Indian scout.

And in Gonzales itself there was Colonel Green DeWitt, the founder
of the colony and of the town: a rather heavy-set, full-faced,
smooth-shaven gentleman, with wavy hair well brushed down, a pleasant
smile, and courtly manners. His family were with him.

There was Major James Kerr, the other founder of the town. But he
had lost his wife and two children. A little girl was in the care of
friends at San Felipe.

There was Captain Matthew Caldwell, an Indian fighter. He was one of
the early settlers, and was called “Old Paint” Caldwell because his
ruddy complexion was blotched with white.

There was Almeron Dickinson, not far turned twenty, who had settled
away out here, found a pretty wife, and was one of the most popular
citizens, and altogether a splendid young man.

And there was Ezekiel Williams, the first officially-elected alcalde
or mayor, who had come out in 1829, and now lived in the “outer” town,
seven miles up the river. And James B. Patrick, the new alcalde; and
Almond Cottle, the new sindico or town attorney; and Byrd Lockhart,
the surveyor; and Winslow Turner, of Turner’s two-story hotel; and Eli
Mitchell, who had a large house; and Dr. Thomas R. Miller, at whose
house the council sometimes met; and the McCoys (seven of them), some
of whom were original settlers; and the two McClures (Abe and Bart);
and the Fulshears (Ben, Churchill and Graves); and the Jacob Darst
family, where there was a boy about Ernest’s age; and Andrew Ponton,
the smart Frenchman; and bold John Castleman, who contemplated moving
on west; and the Fuquas, and Tumlinsons, and Zumwalts, and a lot more,
of the “inner” town and the “outer” town――all forming a large family
in which scarcely anybody was over fifty, and the majority were under

These and others Ernest met or heard of while Texas awaited word from
Stephen Austin at the City of Mexico. He wrote about them and about
his fun and work in letters to his mother; he had already told her of
the death of Sergeant John Andrews at the hands of the Indians. He did
not know when his letters would get to her, and he never knew when to
expect replies; for the only way by which mail went and came was by
accommodating travellers. A regular mail service was one thing that
Texas was demanding from Mexico. Ernest hoped that his mother was not
worrying. She _said_ she wasn’t――but mothers sometimes say this anyway.

The summer of 1833 waxed and waned. At Gonzales a flat-boat ferry was
built and placed on the river, for crossing back and forth. Report
from the east claimed that great numbers of fresh settlers had entered
Texas; which was good. But from the southwest, reports out of old
Mexico stated that Santa Anna was still scheming on his ranch, that
cholera had broken out and that 10,000 persons had died in the City of
Mexico alone, and that congress was unable to hold regular sessions.
Over in Coahuila the Mexican people were still quarrelling about the
location of the state capital, the governorship, and other matters;
and nothing that the legislature did, meeting at Monclova, pleased the
people of Saltillo, the former capital.

All the Mexican part of Mexico seemed to be in disorder. It was high
time that Texas, which knew what it wanted, be granted statehood, so
that it could cut loose from Coahuila and pursue prosperity in the
American way while the rest of Mexico, south of the Rio Grande, fussed
and fought in the Mexican way.

Word was received that Stephen Austin had arrived in the City of Mexico
in July, and that he had immediately presented the Texas petition. But
the year aged, and little further was heard in Gonzales.

“Why doesn’t President Santa Anna help?” once asked Ernest, of Mr.
Carroll. “I thought he was in favor of Texas. Texas helped him in his
revolution, didn’t it?”

Dick Carroll banged the supper table with his fist.

“Santa Anna!” he snorted. “He’s going to be dictator, I tell you. He’s
staying there on his rancho, so as to let Farias the vice-president
introduce republican laws that will make the other parties mad; and
when the other parties get strong enough he’ll come out and say that
the ‘wish of the people’ must be obeyed. Just now he comes out only
long enough to stir the broth with his finger, occasionally. I’ll bet
my hat he fools Steve Austin. Austin’s a good man, and a smart man, but
some of us rather fear he’s a little too mild. Of course, it’s better
to win a p’int by peace than by war, and Austin is a man of peace, as
long as peace stands any show. He hopes that if we prove to Mexico
we’re honest, Mexico will be honest with us. Besides, we’ve all we can
do to fight off the Injuns. But I for one don’t trust Don Presidente
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna as far as you can throw a bull by the tail.”

“Did you ever see Santa Anna?” asked Ernest, curiously.

“No, I never did. But Ben Milam and several other men I know have seen
him. Milam fought along with the patriots in 1821, when Mexico freed
herself from Spain and became a republic. Santa Anna was a colonel
then, on the patriot side, although he was born in Spain and was in the
Spanish regular army. When the new president, named General Iturbide,
turned about and proclaimed himself emperor, Milam and a lot more who
opposed him were put in jail; but Santa Anna headed another revolution
that deposed Iturbide, restored the republican government, and of
course freed Milam and the rest. Santa Anna has always been ag’in a
monarchy or a despotism――look what he did in 1832 when Bustamante tried
to seize the reins――and we all have thought he would be just the man
to understand the Texas ideas. But he’s surely acting suspicious now.
He’s a brainy man, and not big to look at. About five feet five, I
hear, small-boned, dark complexioned, Spanish type, with good head and
smart face, and fine manners. Aged about forty-five. And he’s quite a
soldier, too. He’s always been successful in his fighting, to date.”

The year 1834 opened with a terrific “norther” or cold, sleety storm,
sweeping struggling Texas almost from border to border. The people of
Gonzales were only beginning to thaw out in the welcome sunshine, when
from Stephen Austin arrived bad news at last. He had had the cholera.
The petition was unanswered, and congress kept postponing any action on
it. He finally had told Vice-president Farias that unless something was
done for Texas very soon, the settlers would be likely to take matters
into their own hands. Also, he had written a long letter to the mayor
and people of San Antonio, saying that he did not believe he could
accomplish anything and that San Antonio and the other Texas towns had
better meet and form a state government, anyway, as permitted by the
Constitution of 1824 whenever Texas could prove that she was ready for

Then, before this advice had been spread far enough to be acted upon, a
man on lathering horse rode post-haste from the west into Gonzales. He
was Ben Milam. As he drew rein in Market Square excited voices hailed

“What’s the matter, Ben?”

“Austin’s been arrested!”



“_Austin’s been arrested!_”

The terse sentence seemed to carry instantly through all inner
Gonzales, as attracted by the galloping horse men came running.

“Steve Austin arrested? When? Where?”

“On January 3rd, at Saltillo, by orders from the capital. He’d got this
far, on his way home; now they’re taking him back again, to the City of

“How do you know?”

“Because I was there and saw it.”

“What did they arrest him for?”

“Mostly on account of that letter he wrote to San Antonio, advising
Texas to get together and form its state government. The mayor sent the
letter to the capital, saying he disapproved――――”

“The scoundrel!”

“And Farias [the vice-president], who didn’t like some things that
Austin had said, anyway, dispatched orders post-haste to have him
arrested and turned back. So he was stopped down at Saltillo, and
charged with treason to Mexico; and back he’s gone.”

“Did you talk with him, Ben?”

“I did. He was coming home because he thought that everything was all
right. Matters had quieted around the capital, and in November Santa
Anna called a meeting of his council to hear what Texas had to say. So
Austin said it――told why he had brought the petition, and why Texas
objected to being joined with Coahuila. Everything went off nicely.
The council didn’t think that Texas was ready, quite yet, to be an
independent state; but they agreed with Santa Anna that the law against
colonization by Americans should be repealed, and they promised a
lot of other reforms. That of course was after Austin had written the
letter to San Antonio. He claims that he wrote it for fear Texas would
take to arms instead of organizing civilly, and would lose all chances.
Now that the petition had been acted on at last, in a friendly manner,
in December he started home; got as far as Saltillo, and was arrested.
He lays it to Farias, rather than to Santa Anna, who’d gone back to his
rancho and left Farias in charge.”

“Then as soon as Santa Anna knows, he’ll release him.”

“He’s friendly to Texas, is Santa Anna. We helped him, and he’ll help

“He likes Austin, too. He’ll not see Texas and Steve Austin mistreated.”

Many were such expressions of hope, in Gonzales, that Santa Anna the
president would countermand the orders of Farias the vice-president,
that Stephen Austin would be released at once, and that all would come
out well for Texas. As onward through Texas rushed the tidings of the
arrest, other people were hopeful, too. But the hope rode on a great
wave of angry protest.

Austin arrested? The honest, honorable, fair-spoken Austin, who always
had advised peaceful methods, and had been faithful to Mexico as well
as to Texas, and in order to obtain simple justice had borne his own
expenses as a delegate from Texas to the Santa Anna government, and
after waiting there six months had only frankly and bravely told Don
Gomez Farias that if Texas was not helped she would have to help
herself. As for his letter to the Mexican mayor of San Antonio de
Bejar――that had contained nothing treasonable. The petition from Texas
had not been refused, yet, and he had merely advised that Texas wait no
longer but go ahead and form the state government.

Who was Don Gomez Farias? Nobody but the vice-president! Santa Anna was
the boss. Wait till Santa Anna the president heard.

So Gonzales and the rest of Texas did wait, and fume; and a public
meeting held at San Felipe de Austin sent to the City of Mexico another
petition, requesting that Stephen Austin be released. But it was

However, to his town of San Felipe came from Austin a letter written
on his way as a prisoner back to the City of Mexico. He said that
matters had gone very well for Texas, and that the people there would
do wisely to be grateful and to obey the Mexican regulations until the
better ones were made. This sounded encouraging――but it was the last
word from him for several months. News out of the City of Mexico stated
that he had been placed in a dungeon, to await trial. He was allowed to
communicate with nobody and nobody was allowed to communicate with him.

“Just like those Mexicans,” avowed Dick Carroll. “You see Santa Anna
hasn’t released him? No, sir! Mark my words: Santa Anna is lying low,
till all his schemes are ripe for him to be dictator. He’s letting
Don Gomez [who was Farias the vice-president] have full swing and
make republican laws that the monarchists don’t like; and when the
monarchists are strong enough he’ll come out in the open, be their
champion, pretending it’s the will of the people――fire Farias――who’s a
more honest man than he is――and sit the saddle himself. Meantime he’s
holding Austin, as a hostage for the good behavior of Texas. We don’t
dare to r’ar ’round much now, for fear of harm to Steve.”

And Dick Carroll was proved to be a shrewd prophet.

Texas continued in a great confusion. There was a hot-headed war party,
which urged separation from Coahuila and establishment as a state under
the constitution of 1824, at any price, whether of blood and arms or
not; and there was a stronger peace party, which urged the people to
wait, to abide by the advice of Stephen Austin, and to go slow and
better their condition gradually, rather than risk all on a doubtful

Over across the Rio Grande, in Coahuila province, which was the other
half of the state of Coahuila and Texas, the confusion was worse.
The people of Saltillo opposed whatever the people at Monclova, the
capital, did; but the state legislature, meeting, passed a number
of acts which gave Texas several measures that it wanted. Then the
Saltillo party declared all these acts, and others, illegal; set up
their own governor, and spoke of war.

This left Texas without any settled state government; and to Dick
Carroll and many others, including Ernest (who listened and thought as
hard as he could), it looked as if indeed Texas must take matters into
its own hands, or it would go to ruin.

Just as Dick had predicted, in April Santa Anna emerged from his ranch,
Magna de Clavo, displaced the honest Don Gomez and the Farias cabinet,
disbanded a number of state legislatures, deposed some governors whom
he didn’t like, dissolved the congress, and ordered a new congress and
a new constitution to suit himself!

Coahuila was in such a condition, with three governors, and no
legislature at all, that Santa Anna ordered a new election for
governor. Don Augustin Viesca was chosen, and the capital was placed at
Monclova――which did not please Saltillo.

However, Texas took heart again. A letter was received at San Felipe
from Stephen Austin. He had been released from prison by Santa Anna,
was being well treated, and Santa Anna seemed friendly to Texas. Austin
again counselled that his people “go slow,” and that the petition
would be acted upon favorably, he was sure. In October he was called
to a meeting with the president, and made a long talk, explaining what
Texas desired, and why the Texas half and the Coahuila half never
could agree. They were different races and had different countries and
different ideas――and look at the confusion in Coahuila!

Santa Anna replied very nicely. He said that he would agree to letting
American colonists come in; he would send troops to protect the
settlers against Indians and smugglers; but he did not think that Texas
was enough populated yet to be a state by itself――he really did not see
how he was authorized to make it a state; but it could be a territory!

Texas did not wish to be a territory, for then it would have no
independence at all, and all its officers would be supplied by the
government and they might not be good officers. And it was suspicious
of so many troops, who might not pay so much attention to the Indians
as to the American settlers.

Many people thought that Austin was being hood-winked by Santa Anna.
The president was too smooth-spoken, and Austin was gullible. He had
not been permitted to return yet, had he? No.

Then another difficulty arose. The Coahuila legislature, supposed to
represent Texas, too, began to sell off vast tracts of Texas land, for
as low as two cents an acre; and instead of giving the money to Texas,
divided it among speculators, while pretending to apply it on a fund to
maintain a militia for defense against the Indians. Evidently Coahuila
was making what it could out of Texas, before a separation occurred.

Still, the Texas Grand Central Committee, appointed by that convention
of 1833, which had sent Stephen Austin to the City of Mexico, opposed
war. It appointed subcommittees throughout the province, who should
keep track of matters and spread any news that came to them; but while
Austin was a prisoner it advocated peace, as long as possible.

This may read dull, but life in Texas in those days was by no means
dull; not even for Ernest. The Indians themselves shared the unrest,
and kept things lively. Attacks and massacres were reported, in the
country districts and along the Royal Road itself, from Nacogdoches
to Bejar. The Comanches, the Wacos, the Cooshatties, the Tawakanas,
were very, very bad; and after almost every full moon (which was the
favorite time for raids) Gonzales heard of Indian forays, in which
women and children as well as men were killed and scalped.

The six-pounder brass cannon, which had been sent to Gonzales, from the
presidio at Bejar, for protection, was kept ready. Gonzales thought
highly of that brass cannon. And while on herd with his horses Ernest
carried his little rifle, and watched sharply.

The year 1834 passed; Stephen Austin had not returned, although he
might be expected any week, for Santa Anna was “meditating” upon the
reforms that he had promised to Texas. Mr. Austin, writing in March,
declared that the national congress was considering statehood instead
of a territory, and in his opinion the president was about to report
“decidedly in favor” of it. Good news, this, for Texas!

But the same month the legislature down in Coahuila sold 400 square
leagues of Texas land for $30,000――about a cent and a half an acre.

However, Santa Anna did not like this; the government wanted to use
those lands. He declared the sale illegal.

Bad news soon followed, to upset the good. Santa Anna had determined
to draw a new constitution; Coahuila, like Texas, stood firm for the
republic’s constitution of 1824, which granted so much liberty. Santa
Anna sent troops into Coahuila, under his brother-in-law, General
Martin Perfecto de Cos, who from Saltillo ordered the militia at
Monclova, where the legislature met, to disband. Governor Viesca
opposed this, and with the state papers, the militia and Ben Milam and
Dr. John Cameron and several other Texans, tried to change the capital
to San Antonio de Bejar. He was captured――he and his party; and was
sent as prisoner to old Mexico, and Ben Milam and John Cameron with him.

The word that Ben Milam had been taken created much excitement in

What stirred Texas the deepest, aside from the matter of a new
constitution, was the order from Santa Anna to reduce the militia.
Only one militia-man for each 500 inhabitants was permitted, and all
the other militia must surrender their arms to the government! Many
Americans had been enrolled in the militia, and their arms were their

“Never!” cried Dick Carroll, when he heard of the order. “What! Give up
our rifles, and let the Injuns murder us all? A Texan can’t live, in
these days, and protect his family, without guns.”

Anybody could understand this. Why, that very spring of 1835 had not
Mr. Castleman, who had moved onward fifteen miles west from Gonzales,
come riding furiously, with word that the Comanches had attacked and
murdered a party of traders right on his place (just as they had tried
to murder him a year and a half before, as Ernest well remembered), and
that help was needed at once. A bold spirit was John Castleman, whose
ranch house was a sort of fortress for travellers on the trail. From
his house he and his wife had seen the massacre――and a horrid sight it
was. So a posse immediately rode out from Gonzales――“Old Paint” Matthew
Caldwell, Dan McCoy, Almeron Dickinson, Zeke Williams, Jacob Darst,
Tom Malone, and twenty others, including, of course, Dick, with Bart
McClure as captain. Ernest would have joined, but they would not accept
him. They caught the Comanches and threshed them well. But supposing
no guns had been allowed! Santa Anna, as said Dick Carroll, could go
“plumb to thunder.”

Before 1835 was half over with, things in Texas began to look very
serious indeed.

“There are those three things, boys,” spoke old Captain John Moore, a
famous Indian fighter, who had ridden in from his Moore’s Retreat on
the Colorado. “We won’t stand for a new constitution drawn by Santa
Anna to suit his tyrannical notions; we won’t be disarmed――no, sir!
And we don’t want any 4000 Mexican regular soldiers quartered over
us, to spy on us and enforce Santa Anna’s laws. We want to be a free
state, with our own laws and our own officers, as allowed by the
constitution of 1824. We didn’t come here to form part of a one-man
monarchy. Bustamante tried that on us, and failed; and Santa Anna would
better not try it. That soldier business looks too much like the way
the British acted, before 1776, in Boston. If Mexico doesn’t take care,
there’ll be another battle of Lexington, here in Texas, and a Bunker
Hill, and a Yorktown to follow.”

In Coahuila, Santa Anna had dissolved the state legislature, and had
appointed a governor of his own. Texas had had nothing to say about it,
and now stood alone.

In June arrived by courier more bad news; and yet, according to the
war party men, not such bad news, either. Captain William B. Travis
and a little company had attacked Captain Tonorio, the Mexican officer
who was trying to collect revenue taxes at the port of Anahuac, had
captured him, and had sent him inland to San Felipe.

Many persons did not approve of this――although everybody liked William
Travis. He was a daring young man, and never had been afraid to act.
It reminded Ernest of the Boston “tea party,” when the colonists had
opposed the collection of the tea tax, and had seized the vessel in
Boston harbor, in 1773.

Now both Texas and Mexico were aroused thoroughly. General Cos, who
commanded the department of Eastern Mexico, which included Texas,
dispatched a message to the Mexican officers at Anahuac, saying that
a strong force was being sent there, to restore authority; at the
same time he informed the Texas leaders that he would meet their
commissioners and talk matters over; but his dispatches were taken from
the messenger, and opened.

At San Felipe a public meeting was held, by the Texas war party; and
in a speech R. M. Williamson (he who was called “Three-legged Willie”)
declared: “Our country, our liberty, and our lives are all involved
in the present contest between the State and the military.” A printing
press at San Felipe published the speech and proceedings in a circular,
and spread it broadcast.

General Cos issued another proclamation, warning Texas that it would be
counted as rebellious. From San Antonio de Bejar the courtly Colonel
Ugartechea, who commanded 500 soldiers there, issued his own address,
assuring his friends the Texans that the proposed revolution would be
a great mistake, and that the soldiers were being stationed in Texas
solely as a protection to the settlers. And Colonel Dominic Ugartechea
was known to Dick Carroll, and “Three-legged” Williamson, and even to
Will Travis, as a brave, honorable, conscientious man.

But Ex-Governor Viesca, captured by the Santa Anna forces in Coahuila,
had sent word: “Citizens of Texas, arouse yourselves, or sleep forever.
Your dearest interests, your liberty, your property――nay, your very
existence――depend upon the fickle will of your direst enemies. Your
destruction is resolved upon, and nothing but that firmness and energy
peculiar to true republicans can save you.”

Alarming words, these.

Then in July arrived in Texas Don Lorenzo de Zavala, who had been the
governor of the State of Mexico, at the City of Mexico, and was now
fleeing from Santa Anna by reason of having opposed the dictatorship
and the new constitution. Don Lorenzo also told the Texas people to be

Orders were sent from the City of Mexico for his arrest; and Colonel
Ugartechea, commandant at Bejar, issued an order to Texas for the
surrender of not only him, but William Travis, “Three-legged”
Williamson, and other American settlers who had been outspoken. They
were not surrendered. It would have been dangerous for any Mexican
official to attempt to take them.

More trouble occurred at Anahuac. And in the midst of all this turmoil
who should arrive but Stephen Austin, landing on the last day of August
from a schooner at the mouth of the Brazos River on the Gulf coast.
He had not been tried at all, but had been passed from court to court
until released and told to go home by Santa Anna himself.

He was worn out, the San Felipe reports said, by his long
imprisonment――nearly two years; and upon landing he had walked the
beach all night, troubled to know what to do. He went to the home of
his sister, near Brazoria town, on the Brazos, about fifty miles below
San Felipe.

At Brazoria, on September 8, the people gave a great dinner for
him. Over 1000 citizens and settlers gathered there, to welcome him
and listen to an address. General Houston came in, and many another
notable. It was the first large public banquet in Texas.

Stephen Austin said that he had left for Mexico City with hopes of
peace, but that after persecution and imprisonment he had returned to
find only unrest and threat of war. Texas was entitled to be separate
from Coahuila; of this there was no doubt. The only way by which the
Texas farmers could prosper was through getting this matter settled,
so that Texas could feel free to go to work. Santa Anna had promised
him that the new constitution should consider the special needs of the
people of Texas, and had been told that if armed troops were sent into
Texas they would be resisted. Now, the thing for Texas to do was to
cease these outbreaks and disputes, and to call a general convention,
for the purpose of officially drawing up resolutions to Santa Anna,
protesting against the armed troops, and saying just what Texas
desired, in the new Mexican constitution. This would show that Texas
was united.

And he gave as a toast: “The constitutional rights and security and
peace of Texas――they ought to be maintained; and jeopardized as they
now are, they demand a general consultation of the people.”

But scarcely had the report of the banquet and the speech been spread
around, when came the news that General Cos was on his way with troops
to land at Matagorda Bay, march inland clear across Texas to Bejar and
place the country under military rule! This must not be permitted. Once
let the Mexican soldiery establish themselves in Texas, and Texas was

There was no time in which to assemble the consultation advised by
Stephen Austin. But at San Felipe immediately met the Central Committee
of Safety, of which he was chairman. On September 19, of this 1835,
issued a proclamation, signed by him, and printed by the public press
at San Felipe――a press that the government hated.

The proclamation, as received at Gonzales, called upon Texans to insist
upon their rights under the constitution of 1824; to send delegates for
a general consultation and authorized to act as might be necessary;
to raise militia and volunteers; not to depend upon the promises of
General Cos or other Mexican officers. And it added:

“_War is our only resource. There is no other remedy. We must defend
our rights, ourselves, and our country by force of arms._”

Colonel Ugartechea had personally assured the Gonzales council that no
soldiers were to be brought in and distributed; but they were coming!
On this, Texas was resolved: that General Cos should not march across.
In Gonzales a company of riflemen were enrolled at once; everybody
glowed at white heat; and herding his horses on the prairie, Ernest
burned to take part. He was a boy, but he could fight for liberty.

Suddenly, on September 25, there appeared on the west side of the
river, at the ferry crossing, opposite town, a Mexican corporal and
five soldiers and an ox-cart. The corporal sent word across that he was
Casimiro de Leon, of the garrison at Bejar; and that he had a letter
from the political chief at Bejar to the alcalde of Gonzales, ordering
that the brass cannon be delivered over for loading upon the ox-cart!



From where he was herding on the prairie Ernest knew that something
was happening in the town; and when he came in he learned the whys and
wherefores of all the excitement and riding to and fro. Andrew Ponton,
the mayor, was conveniently absent, but the letter had been received
and opened by Joseph Clements, the first regidor or councilman. He
had returned word to the corporal to wait on the west bank until the
alcalde should return.

But give up the brass cannon? Never! Bejar had plenty of cannon; it had
eighteen pieces unmounted and not being used at all. Then why should
Angel Navarro, the political chief, and Colonel Ugartechea demand this
one, unless to make Gonzales helpless!

A public meeting was being called to consider what should be done. Only
three persons voted to deliver the six-pounder. Everybody else voted to
keep it. But what would happen next? Colonel Ugartechea certainly would
send a much larger force, to attack the town and seize the cannon.

All that evening and most of the night Gonzales was in a state of high
excitement. The families who lived across on the west side of the
river hastened to move over to the east side, where they might be more
protected. The men in town who feared to have their families exposed
to a bombardment prepared to hustle their wives and children away――for
the Colorado, east, or north into the timber. Ox-carts were piled with
household goods and provisions.

Ernest went out on herd, the next morning, with an anxious heart. He
was told to be sharp and ready, in case that Mexican soldiery should
appear or that he should be summoned to hurry in, horses and all. On
this day Alcalde Ponton was to reply to the corporal (who waited on the
west bank) and inform him that he must go back without the cannon.

About noon Dick Carroll came galloping across the prairie, from town.
Ernest’s heart thumped, and he stiffened, alert to gather his herd at
the first word of warning. But no――not yet. Dick drew up short.

“How’s your pony, Ernest? Fresh?”

“Yes, sir.”

“All right. We need you. Leave everything and ride; ride to Burnam’s
and tell them to spread word up and down the river to rally for
Gonzales. Ponton’s already sent word to Navarro and Ugartechea that we
are going to hold the cannon. Captain Caldwell is riding to Mina [which
was a new settlement on the Colorado above Burnam’s Crossing] to alarm
’em there. You strike for Burnam’s. Tell ’em we have only eighteen men,
but we’ll stand our ground till reinforcements get here. Send the word
down to Beason’s and on to Felipe. Tell ’em never mind Cos, he can be
tended to later; but to come, with their guns. The fight begins here,
now. Ride, boy; don’t spare your horse. We depend on you.”

Ernest whirled and was away, enlisted in the Texas cause.

Yes, ride, Ernest; ride! But push not your yellow pony too hard, for
Burnam’s is fifty miles, and desperate as is the need, the race is to
the skillful and not wholly to the swift. Sit light on the saddle, bear
evenly on the reins, and talk to your faithful little steed.

He had cut across the prairie; threaded a timber patch, midway of which
he dashed through Kerr’s Creek; and emerging from the trees struck
down the San Felipe road. His pony’s hoofs hammered steadily on the
hard clay. His rifle danced in its scabbard under his left knee, his
hat-brim flared back in the breeze, and under him the narrow trail
flowed like a ribbon unrolled by the hoof-beats.

With dark mane (for the pony was a true buckskin) rising and falling
to every lunge, ears pointed now backward to catch his master’s words,
now forward to anticipate any alarm, and nostrils flaring wide to
drink deeply of the air, the little horse pulled strongly on the bit.
But Ernest, sitting square, and bearing firmly on the ox-bow wooden
stirrups, only let him stretch his nose, and there held him to a gallop.

“Steady, boy; steady.” He patted the glossy neck, already wet; and in
about five miles pulled him down to a walk and let him puff and grunt.

The pony himself broke into an ambling trot, which was his easiest
gait, and which carried him faster than might be imagined. This was
the pace that he could maintain all day; and this was the pace that an
Indian would have ridden him, mile after mile. An Indian pony he was,
of Texas mustang stock; wiry and tough and stanch, asking little and
giving all.

Ernest let him walk and amble; then with a word and pressure of the
knees sent him into a gallop again.

They had passed the Berry ranch, four miles from town; but nobody
seemed at home. Doubtless the family already knew of the trouble. At
Peach Creek, ten miles, was the McClure ranch. Ernest barely drew rein,
to shout, at a figure in the doorway:

“Gonzales attacked! They need men!”


And he was away again. Looking back, he could see men and women
running. Like a Paul Revere he felt, who bore the word to the
minute-men that the British were on the march.

A lonely road, as ever, was this road to San Felipe, via Burnam’s
Crossing. Only at long intervals did he have the opportunity to cry,
flashing past traveller ahorse or with ox team:

“Gonzales attacked! They need men!”

The Lavaca was the next stream; after that the Navidad; and after that,
but far, the Colorado. The yellow pony was streaked with sweat-soaked
dust; from his lips and neck and flanks the soapy lather drifted in
shreds of foam. But he was breathing without effort, he was strong on
his legs, his stride faltered not; and as long as he sweat freely and
did not stumble, he was good for many a mile yet.

Occasionally Ernest pulled him down to fast walk and amble, so that
he might blow and rest his muscles. Once they halted at a ford, and
the pony drank a few swallows, but only a few, to clear his mouth and
throat of dust. Then they trotted on, and presently resumed the steady

The sun set; the golden glow faded from the west and the stars
appeared. Through the gloam they sped, pounding away, with Burnam’s
ever nearer. Go it, little horse! Prick your ears, hopefully; and go it!

Those last ten miles were the hardest of all. Not of late had Ernest
rasped forth his message, with dry tongue and dusty throat. He had met
nobody, he had passed no more ranches. His face burned with the breeze
and the flying grit, he was blistered from the wet saddle, the rifle
scabbard had chafed the inside of his thigh raw, and the stirrups had
gouged his insteps to the bone, he thought. And he was hungry, being
dinnerless and supperless.

Low to the horizon had dropped the Great Dipper, and he imagined that
folks must be long abed, when he sensed the approach to the Colorado.
The mist of the bottom-lands and of the river smote him coolly. Before,
he could see the line of cottonwoods and other trees, marking the river
course. The pony pricked his ears afresh, as if he, too, knew that the
goal of the eager race was close at hand.

Ernest rose in his stirrups, and straightened, to make a gallant finish.

“Duke!” he cried; and the nervy little pony leaped with all his
reserve strength. Dimly loomed beside the road the ranch outbuildings,
and at sound of the thudding hoofs the Burnam hounds burst into fierce

Before the block-house Ernest pulled his pony to its haunches, and
while his mount panted under him he whooped loudly amidst the angry
clamor of the dogs. Dark was the Burnam place, for Texas settlers went
early to bed.

“Hello! Captain! Oh, captain!” shouted Ernest, his efforts tearing his

Now at last a voice hailed him from a window.

“Who is it? What’s wanted?” And, to the dogs: “Buster! Bravo! Be quiet!”

’Twas Mrs. Burnam.

“It’s Ernest Merrill, from Gonzales,” he called back. “The Mexicans
want our cannon. We need help.”

“For goodness’ sake!” he heard Mrs. Burnam ejaculate. “Wait a minute,”
she bade.

Now there was a stir within the house; a candle glimmered through the
shutter cracks; presently the door was unbarred and Mrs. Burnam herself
came out, and hastened to him.

“Down, Buster!” she ordered. “You Bravo, down! Go back!” She was
bare-headed, bare-footed, with a blanket thrown over her night
garments. She peered at Ernest, to recognize him.

“Want your cannon, you say? You aren’t going to give it to them!”

“No, ma’am!” declared Ernest. “And we’ve told ’em so. But if they try
to take it we’ve only eighteen men. Captain Caldwell’s gone up to
Mina with the word; and they sent me to alarm you folks and the other
Colorado people, and San Felipe. Everybody’s to come as quick as they
can. Never mind Cos.”

“For goodness’ sake!” again ejaculated Mrs. Burnam. “Captain Burnam’s
over at San Felipe, joining the militia against Cos. But light, light,
and come in. We’ll put up your horse.”

“No, I mustn’t,” opposed Ernest. “If you’ll alarm Beason’s and the
up-river, I’ll go on to San Felipe.”

“You can’t do it, boy. Your pony’s beat out, and so are you. Come right
in. Willie’ll go on to San Felipe, and we’ll tend to the river folks
soon as it’s light enough to travel the trails. You come in. You’ve
done your stint. When did you leave?”

“This noon.”

“Well, your pony acts it,” said Mrs. Burnam. “He’s surely tuckered.”

Ernest stiffly swung from his drooping horse. Mrs. Burnam already was
running for the house; and with a grateful slap on Duke’s steaming neck
he followed. The family was awake. By the candle light Will, the oldest
boy, met his mother and stared at Ernest. From their beds in the loft
the other children called excitedly.

“Will!” exclaimed Mrs. Burnam. “This boy’s from Gonzales. The Mexicans
want their cannon and are going to try and take it. Saddle Dandy as
quick as ever you can and ride on to San Felipe. Tell ’em to send all
the men they’ve got. We’ll tend to up-river and down-river. Captain
Caldwell’s gone to Mina, the boy says, and I reckon word’ll travel on
to San Felipe, but maybe you can get there first.”

This was a frontier household and accustomed to act quickly without
question. For his boots and trousers rushed Will, and dashed out of
the door. Within a minute, it seemed, the clatter of his horse’s hoofs
echoed as he raced away for the ford. The babble of voices from the
children in the loft sounded still more excitedly.

“Sit, sit,” bade Mrs. Burnam, to Ernest. “I’ll put up your horse and
then get you a snack.”

“No, I’ll put him up, thank you,” answered Ernest. “He ought to be
rubbed down.”

“You’re right,” she approved. “You’ll find an empty stall in the
shed. I’ll show you the way and keep the dogs off.” Together they led
the wearily stumbling Duke to the shed; the dogs, now more friendly,
sniffing at Ernest’s heels. “After you’ve rubbed him down a bit you can
throw him an armful of hay from the stack yonder. Wouldn’t give him
much water till he’s breathed a while. I’ll be getting your snack.” And
Mrs. Burnam bustled back to the house.

Ernest rubbed Duke well with a bunch of straw; and when he came in, a
snack of milk and cold corn-bread was waiting for him by the candle
light. The other Burnam children had turned out of bed, to cluster
around the table and gaze and listen while he answered the good Mrs.
Burnam’s numerous questions.

“Well, I declare!” she uttered. “Likely to attack Gonzales, are they?
We-all thought you-all at Gonzales were friendly with Bejar. ’Pears
like you didn’t want to take part in any of these other uprisings.
Goodness mercy! This means war, and hard times in Texas, but we’ve
got to defend our rights. Now, you go straight to bed, and don’t
you bother. There’s a shake-down in the corner, where you won’t be
disturbed. First thing in the morning, soon as it’s light, I’ll send
word to Hill’s and Moore’s and down to Beason’s. You rest yourself and
your pony. I reckon you’ll be wanting to start back with the first
crowd. You couldn’t follow those trails to-night, anyhow.”

This sounded sensible, and Ernest rather gladly went to bed on his
shake-down. At any rate, the word was being carried to San Felipe.
And in the gray of the morning he was drowsily conscious that two of
the other children had galloped out of the yard. Bareback, with rope
bridles, they had been dispatched, one south twelve miles to Beason’s
Crossing (a place similar to Burnam’s), the other to the Hill place,
and Moore’s Retreat further north. This left not a horse, except his
yellow pony; for the Burnams were by no means wealthy, yet, in horses.

However, the children returned triumphant in the middle morning; but
already had the first of the alarmed settlers arrived, from across the
river. Will, on his way to San Felipe, had informed them. Then, hour by
hour, more reinforcements came in, by twos and threes; from Beason’s
(still known as such, although Mr. Beason himself had been killed by
the Indians several years before) and vicinity, down the river, and
from the ranches up the river. Young James Monroe Hill was among the
earliest, and him Ernest was much pleased to see. They shook hands.

“Pap’s coming, too, when he can,” announced Jim. “But he may cut
through direct. What are we going to do? Fight?”

“I guess we are,” assured Ernest.

“Who’s in command there now?” demanded Jim.

“Captain Albert Martin, I reckon,” answered Ernest.

“Well, I bet no Mexicans will take any cannon away from Captain
Martin,” asserted Jim. “Not if there are any Americans in Texas!
Shucks! Why don’t we go, I wonder. We’ve got enough here now to lick
the whole Mexican army.”

That scarcely was true. However, the number was slowly swelling, as
settlers continued to arrive――all with their muskets, shot-guns,
and long Kentucky and Mississippi rifles, their powder-horns and
bullet-pouches; many ahorse, but some afoot, for in Texas even, where
horses were cheap, not every man possessed one.

They figured that they ought to start in number sufficient to break
through into Gonzales in case that the Mexicans surrounded it; and
anyway, it would take two or three days for the troops from Bejar to
get there. By late evening (as afternoon is called, in Texas) some
twenty settlers had gathered at Burnam’s; they camped in the yard that
night, and at daybreak they started, Ernest and Jim riding side-by-side.

Duke was a bit hobbly, but he had had a good rest and plenty of feed
and water, and he was an Indian pony. Gradually he limbered, for the
horsemen rode at amble and easy lope, to keep their mounts fresh. The
footmen toiled far behind. Broad-hatted or fur-capped, sinewy and
bronzed, was the cavalcade――some bearded, some smooth-faced, all armed
with gun and knife, and a few had pistols also. Old Captain John H.
Moore, from Moore’s Retreat, led.

“That’s a good little hoss of yours,” appraised Jim, to Ernest. “Same
one you’ve always had, isn’t he?”

“He sure is,” declared Ernest.

“Good little rifle, too, I reckon,” further appraised Jim. “But I got
one to match it.” So he had――a rifle almost the same size.

“Sam Houston’s wife gave it to me, up in the Cherokee nation,” informed

“Dad gave me mine,” said Jim. “And I’ve promised no Mexican’ll ever get
it. I’ll break it, first. Do you know Sam Houston?”

“Yes, I do,” responded Ernest. “I know him and his wife, too. Knew ’em
up at Fort Gibson, before I came into Texas.”

“Sho’; is that so?” commented Jim, with some interest. “He’s a
master-hand with Injuns, they say.”

“Yes, and he’s a fine man,” asserted Ernest, loyally. “He’s a General
Jackson man and a regular soldier. Expect we’ll need him if we have war
with Mexico.”

“Well, he’s a master-hand with Injuns, anyway,” repeated Jim, not
committing himself further. “I hear tell he’s been sent out from San
Augustine to talk with the East Texas Injuns and get ’em to keep quiet
during the fuss. It sure would be bad if we had to fight the Injuns and
the Mexicans both at once.”

“It surely would,” agreed Ernest. “But Sam Houston can talk to ’em if
anybody can. They all trust him. And that helps Texas.”

“Reckon _so_,” admitted Jim. “Wonder, now, if Sion Bostick isn’t going
to join this fracas. He ought to be coming along. Sort of looked for
him at Burnam’s, but maybe he has to stay home and tend school.”

“Who’s Sion Bostick?” demanded Ernest. “Does he live down toward

“Yep. Smart lad, too. His father died year before last, and that leaves
the family short-handed. They came to Texas in ’28; they used to live
over at San Felipe. There’s an Irishman teaches school at their house.
Expect, though, if this war keep up the school’ll have to quit; and
then we’ll see Sion――if his mother’ll let him come, and I rather guess
she will, when he’s needed.”

Thudity-thud, thudity-thud, up the Gonzales road they all pushed,
steadily rising and falling in their saddles, every eye grimly set
before. They crossed the Navidad, and the Lavaca, and shortly after
noon they crossed Peach Creek. With Gonzales only ten miles ahead,
they strained their ears for cannon-shots. But they heard nothing. The
landscape dozed undisturbed and peaceful.

“Gonzales isn’t taken _yet_,” vouchsafed Jim.

Ten miles to Gonzales――eight――five――three; and, hurrah, there clustered
the little town, apparently just as when Ernest had left――so long ago,
as seemed to him.

“No Mexicans in sight, boys,” cried voices in the column. “We’re in

And now at thundering gallop they all forged on, into Gonzales,
answering cheer with cheer.



Yes, Gonzales was still all right. No more Mexican soldiers had
appeared, and this afternoon Almeron Dickinson and a party of the
settlers had crossed the river and taken the corporal’s party
prisoners. These were now held under guard in the Gonzales jail. The
cannon had been buried in George Davis’s peach orchard, and the ground
plowed over it. But it was to be dug up again, for the corporal had
forwarded Alcalde Ponton’s answer, to Bejar, and also one of the
soldiers had escaped; probably troops already were on their way from
Bejar, which was only two days’ travel distant. So the cannon would be

However, the original eighteen defenders had been increased by a dozen
or more, before Ernest’s return with Jim and the other recruits; the
ferry had been hidden in the slough, and every dug-out had been tied up
on the east bank of the river; and this afternoon and all night more
settlers flocked in――from Mina (which is now Bastrop) on the Colorado
above Moore’s, and from Rutersville, beyond Hill’s place, and from
Beason’s, below Burnam’s, and from San Felipe; so that in the morning
of the 29th a hundred had gathered. More were coming.

John H. Moore was elected colonel, to command operations; Mr. J. W. E.
Wallace was elected lieutenant-colonel.

Ernest sought out Jim Hill, the first thing after breakfast, and he
and Jim stayed together most of the day. Along toward noon a Mexican
soldier appeared on the west bank of the river, and signalled that he
bore dispatches. Colonel Moore answered that if he had anything to
communicate he might leave his horse and swim and wade across, and so
he did, not in very good humor.

He had three dispatches. One was from Colonel Ugartechea, at Bejar,
saying he had sent Lieutenant Castañeda and one hundred dragoons for
the cannon; and if it was not surrendered, the alcalde and all other
citizens who resisted were to be brought as prisoners to Bejar. Another
was from the political chief, Angel Navarro, ordering the alcalde to
obey him and not to delay for further instructions. The third was from
Lieutenant Castañeda himself, saying that he was within a few hours’
march, and wished an interview with the alcalde.

Colonel Moore replied that Alcalde Ponton was again absent, but might
return within three hours, when an answer would be made.

“Whoopee!” laughed Jim. “It’s just a little waiting game, while we get

That afternoon the cannon was dug up out of George Davis’s peach
orchard and was mounted on the two front wheels of one of Captain
Martin’s cotton wagons; John Sowell and Dick Chisholm, who were
blacksmiths, said they would make some cannon-balls for it.

That night Jesse McCoy, Joe Kent, Graves Fulshear, and Will Arrington
kept watch at the ford to see that no Mexicans crossed. In the morning
they reported that several dragoons had come down to the river to water
horses, and could have been easily potted, but weren’t.

In the morning the whole Mexican troop were in sight, camped across the
river. Lieutenant Castañeda rode forward to the ford and called over
that he would receive the reply from the alcalde, as promised. First
Regidor (or councilman) Joseph Clements called back that the alcalde
was still absent, but he had been sent for and would reply about four
o’clock. So Lieutenant Castañeda retired, because he dared not try to
force the ford, in the face of the Texas rifles.

This was the 30th. Now there were some 200 volunteers, all told, in
Gonzales. Mr. Chisholm and Mr. Sowell were working hard, cutting ox
chains into short pieces, for the cannon, and welding iron scraps into
balls. The cannon itself was mounted and ready.

Accordingly, at four that afternoon, Regidor Clements reported to
Lieutenant Castañeda. He stood on the Gonzales side of the river, and
yelled across to the lieutenant on the other side. Gonzales was not
very hospitable; but Mr. Clements had too much sense to trust himself
on the dragoons’ side.

Everybody present could hear the message.

“The alcalde is still absent,” shouted Mr. Clements, in very good
Spanish. “And in his absence it has fallen to my lot to reply to the
communication sent to him asking a second time for the cannon. The
right of consulting with our own political chief of the department of
the Brazos seems to be denied us. Therefore my reply reduces itself
to this: I cannot, nor do I desire to, deliver up the cannon; it
was given to us for our defense; and this is the sentiment of all
the members of the council now here present. The cannon is in the
town, and only through force will we yield. We are weak and few in
number, nevertheless we are contending for what we believe to be just

When Regidor Clements finished reading aloud the paper that he had
drawn up, the lieutenant replied. He said that the cannon had only been
loaned, and had not been a gift; and that by making prisoners of the
corporal and party the town had committed a crime against the dignity
of the Mexican republic.

Regidor Clements stood firm, and said that the answer was what he had
just read; but if Lieutenant Castañeda really desired the cannon,
he might come over and get it. At that the lieutenant shrugged his
shoulders, and rather comically replied:

“Many thanks, señor. I suppose I need not come if I don’t want to.”
Then he saluted and retired to his troop. Ernest and Jim and all the
other Texans cheered. Thus the matter rested.

“Cracky!” blurted Jim. “Wish they would try to cross. Wouldn’t we
pepper ’em!”

“There comes the ferry,” informed Ernest “Maybe we’ll cross, ourselves.”

And sure enough, the ferry was being poled down from the mouth of the
slough and was tied on the Gonzales side, ready for business.

But Lieutenant Castañeda did not try to cross. He camped his troop back
from the river a short distance, on DeWitt’s Mound, as it was called.
’Twas rumored that he had dispatched couriers to Bejar, for help.

To-day the Gonzales volunteers were drilled in companies under the
direction of Colonel Moore, and the cannon was loaded with the pieces
of ox chains. Young Almeron Dickinson, who had been appointed a
lieutenant, was placed in charge of it.

Everything seemed to be ready. Two hundred volunteers were present; the
cannon was pointed at the ford. The next noon the Mexican dragoons were
observed to ride away, up the river. The scouts who spied upon them
reported that they had camped again, this time on Zeke Williams’s farm,
seven miles above, but still west of the river, and were eating all the
water-melons! Mr. Williams did not like this.

“What are we going to do now, I wonder?” ventured Ernest, to Jim.
“Maybe they’re going back to Bejar without the cannon, and there won’t
be any fight.”

“Shucks!” derided Jim, who was older and was supposed to know.
“Don’t you believe there won’t be any fight. They’ll just wait for
reinforcements. If we’re going to lick ’em we’d better lick ’em right
away. You can count on old Colonel Moore to fix ’em plenty. Castañeda’s
a republican, though, and against Santa Anna despotism, and like as
not he doesn’t want to fight us other republicans. But if he’s under
orders to take the cannon he’s got to do his best or else join with

“Somebody says Ugartechea told him if we were too strong he’d better
retreat and not wait to be licked, for if he was licked, that would
hurt Mexico and help the Texan cause,” vouchsafed Ernest.

“Reckon that’s so,” responded Jim. “But he’d better get out of here
mighty quick. We mean business. Zeke Williams will go after him for
stealing those water-melons! That crop means money.”

“Bill Smithers is with ’em. Did you know that?” demanding Ernest. “He’s
a Gonzales man, and they’ve caught him and are holding him.”

“So I hear tell,” answered Jim. “That won’t cut much figure. We’ve
still got their corporal and several other soldiers.”

The opinion in town was, that the lieutenant had camped either to await
reinforcements from his colonel, or to cross the river by the ford
above the Williams place, and come down on Gonzales from the north
through the timber and the prairie strip. This of course would never do.

“You boys both ready?” queried Dick Carroll, strolling by Jim and
Ernest, late in the afternoon. “There’ll be something stirring before
dark, so I thought I’d warn you. Looks like we’d get over on the
lieutenant’s side, an’ pay him a call.”

“We’re ready,” they assured. And――――

“Ginger! Wish I had more powder,” remarked Jim, to Ernest. “How many
loads you got?”

“Ten,” replied Ernest, dubiously. “Hope that’ll be enough. I’ll give
you one if you run short.”

“Your bullets don’t fit my gun, though,” reminded Jim. “Maybe I can
double patch ’em. But I guess powder alone will fill the bill. It’ll
make a noise. Just to hear a gun go off scares those _hombres_ [men]
into fits.”

Evidently Jim did not think much of the Mexican soldiery. Neither did
most of the other volunteers. Still, the camp of Lieutenant Castañeda,
on Zeke Williams’s farm, was known to be a strong position, well
chosen; and the dragoons were regulars of the Mexican army, thoroughly
equipped with muskets and pistols.

As Dick Carroll had predicted, that night at seven o’clock orders were
given to move from Eli Mitchell’s cornfield, where the little army was
camped, and to cross the river with the cannon. The cannon was trundled
by oxen upon the flatboat ferry; the footmen were ferried over also,
by the flatboat and by dug-outs; the horses forded; and Colonel Moore
summoned the officers to a council of war. They all could be dimly
seen, squatting in a circle. Presently the circle broke up.

“Wonder if we’re going to fight,” queried Ernest, of Jim, as they sat
their horses, waiting with the other horsemen.

“Dunno. _Quien sabe?_” responded Jim――which meant, in Spanish, “Who
knows?” And he suddenly added: “Reckon we are, though. There comes the
parson, to tell us how.”

For the Reverend W. P. Smith, the Methodist preacher who had
accompanied the Rutersville volunteers, had mounted his horse and
ridden forward from the council, to halt and hold up his hand in
signal. He was easily identified by his black, broad-brimmed flat hat,
and his long black coat.

“Listen to the parson,” rose the cry; and the ranks were formed to hear

The Reverend Mr. Smith made a stirring speech: he told the volunteers
that they were about to move against the enemy who were invading their
rights, and that the time had come when Texas should strike another
blow for human liberties. This was to be a second Battle of Lexington;
and everyone should remember the glorious example set by the American
minute-men of ’76. Freedom was at stake, and tyranny should not
prevail. Wives and children were waiting in Gonzales and elsewhere,
for victory; and all Texas also was waiting.

He removed his hat, and while every head was bared likewise, he offered
a short prayer for success for the right, in this struggle now begun.

“Bully for the fighting parson,” murmured Jim, when the prayer was
concluded; and a hearty cheer went up.

Orders to advance were immediately given. Colonel John Moore and his
aides rode ahead; the army followed, cannon in the centre, and scouts
out on either flank.

The night was damp and dark. Scarcely anybody had much to say. Even
Jim was unusually silent. The words of Preacher Smith had made a deep
impression. The war for liberty had actually started――and it was no
joking matter.

After a march of about five miles, halt was ordered. Pickets were
posted, and the men were told to sleep. It was a free and easy sort
of a camp, with no tents and everybody rolled in blankets. Ernest and
Jim lay side by side――and they lay side by side through many a night

Jim went to sleep first. Ernest felt too excited to sleep, but sleep he
did, nevertheless, although he slept cold; and the first thing that he
heard, when awakened by a general stir around him, was Jim’s disgusted

“Jiminy Christmas, what a fog! Can’t see a thing! Couldn’t hit the side
of a barn if my feet were touching it!”

That might be so. At any rate, since they had camped a regular Texas
fog had settled down; and now in the gray of very early morning (four
o’clock was the hour) the whole landscape was a blank. Soaked were the
blankets, and dripping were the grass and shrubs and exposed noses.

“Glad I put my rifle in under with me,” remarked Ernest. “Did you put
yours in?”

“Sure,” said Jim, as they dressed by pulling on their boots. “Hope the
cannon doesn’t miss fire on us. Touch-hole ought to’ve been covered.”

However, Lieutenant Dickinson could be depended upon to attend to that.

“Anyway,” observed Jim, “if we can’t see the Mexicans they can’t see
us, and we can get right close up to ’em. We know the country better
than they do.”

Without delay for coffee, the ranks were formed again by the impatient
Colonel Moore. The horsemen cinched their wet, hunched horses, and
climbed aboard; and once more the army moved forward, toward Ezekiel
Williams’s place, in regular line of battle.

Lieutenant Dickinson and his cannon and cannoneers were in the centre.
The cavalry, fifty in number, were placed at front, to cover the
cannon――Ernest and Jim sticking together, touching knees in the fog.
On either side of the cannon were the infantry, in two columns; and
skirmishers mounted and unmounted extended on the flanks to right and
left. The Reverend Mr. Smith rode before, with Colonel Moore and staff.

“Looks like we were going to surprise ’em,” whispered Jim, as the march
proceeded almost in silence, for even the cannon wheels were muffled by
the damp ground.

“Must be getting near to Williams’s melon patch,” whispered back Ernest.


That was a musket, sounding dully in the dense white mist. Some of the
skirmishers had run into a Mexican picket.

“Pop! Pop-pop!” cracked rifles.

Not far ahead lilted the high notes of a trumpet. The Mexican camp!
Back from Colonel Moore raced an aide, shouting orders; and the company
officers galloped to carry them out.

“Column, by the right flank! March!” bawled Ernest’s commander.

“Hooray!” cheered Jim, as bending in their saddles they all swerved and
raced across the front. “Get out of the way of that cannon, you!”

They were formed again on the extreme end of the line at the right of
a company of the infantry. The cannon properly stayed in the centre,
where it belonged; and the other company of infantry were on the left
of line. Here at the right, in company front, the cavalry and infantry,
advancing together, made quite a sight――as far as they could be seen.

The muskets of the Mexican pickets and the rifles and shot-guns of the
Texas skirmishers were still answering one another; but it was all a
waste of powder, and soon the firing ceased.

Colonel Moore had ordered a halt, until the fog lifted. Duke stood with
ears pricked, as if he wondered what all this commotion was about.

“Shake up your priming, boy,” cautioned Jim, to Ernest, as they sat
carefully covering their rifle pans with their coats. “She’s thinning.”

And so “she”――the fog――was: slowly drifting away, and more and more
revealing the country around. Ernest nervously wiped his flint with his
damp fingers, and clapped his hand against the lock plate to shake the
priming in case that it was caked.

Now could be made out the ghostly forms of trees, and other objects;
and a low order was issued “to move forward at a walk.” The whole line
moved. The Mexican pickets began to fire, again; and on the left some
of the volunteers in the ranks shot back at them.

The pickets could be seen bolting away for their camp――with mounted
skirmishers dashing in pursuit for better shots.

“Shucks!” complained Jim. “We aren’t in on this at all. Why don’t we

“What’ll we charge at?” retorted Ernest.

More ghostly objects were disclosed――and see, there were the Mexicans,
at last: a crowd of spectre horsemen grouped on a little rise.

“Give it to ’em, boys!” rose the shout. And, “Give ’em the cannon!”
Rifles uselessly cracked; Jim lifted his――but another cry sped
hither-thither: “No! No! Wait!”

For from the Mexicans a man came running, with hand lifted.

He was William Smithers, of Gonzales and Bejar both; and he shouted:
“Don’t shoot, boys! Don’t shoot! I’ve got a message!”

Now the sun abruptly shattered the fog, driving it asunder. Behind Bill
Smithers rode out Lieutenant Castañeda. Colonel Moore advanced to meet

Lieutenant Castañeda asked Colonel Moore why the Mexican soldiers were
being attacked in this manner.

Colonel Moore replied that the Texans had been ordered by the
lieutenant to surrender the cannon which had been loaned them for their
own defense and had been told that if they didn’t surrender it, the
soldiers were coming to take it; the order had been issued by direction
of the Santa Anna government, which was the enemy of the constitution
and therefore was the enemy of Texas; so Texas was determined to fight
instead of yielding.

“No, señor,” replied the lieutenant――who was a very polite young man.
“You are mistaken when you class us with enemies of the constitution.
I am a republican, and so are two-thirds of the people of Mexico. But
we are good Mexicans, all, and I am an officer of the government.
To be sure, the government has been changed, with the approval of
the majority of the Mexican states, and the hope is that Texas also
will accept the change. I have no intention to oppose the brave
Anglo-Mexicans, with arms. My instructions are simply to demand the
cannon; and if it is not delivered to me, to wait for further orders.”

“Well, you can’t wait here,” bluntly answered Colonel Moore. “If you
don’t want to fight, you can either surrender with your troops, or else
join us as a republican and patriot, retaining your full rank and pay
in the cause of liberty. Otherwise, we’ll attack you immediately.”

“Impossible, señor,” gravely answered the lieutenant. “I must obey

With that he saluted, and galloped back. Colonel Moore saluted, and he
galloped back.

“It’s a fight!” joyously exclaimed Jim; and Ernest’s throat tightened.

To the right, out of range of volleys from his own men, scurried
Colonel Moore and the aides. The Mexican dragoons were hastily
reforming, but in confusion; and down the Texan line horse and foot
cheered and prepared their pieces and implored orders to charge.

“Drive the Mexicans out of Texas,” chorused the shouts.

“Hurrah for liberty!”

“No Mexican soldiers in Texas!”

“Boom!” It was the brass six-pounder, and made Ernest jump. He heard
the scraps of ox chain whine through the air, and spatter on the sod
and brush. The people who were waiting in Gonzales, seven miles away,
asserted that they, too, had heard the report and the whines, and that
it was the most fearsome noise imaginable!

“That’s right!”

“Now we’re talkin’!”

“Hurrah for Texas and liberty!”

Again the cannon boomed. A cloud of smoke spread, as bad as the fog,
and Ernest, taken by surprise, tried in vain to aim, as they advanced.
He heard Jim muttering and fuming. Forward dashed the cavalry (he and
Jim with it), in a charge; the infantry broke into a run, following.

But the Mexican dragoons did not wait. The cannon had been enough. As
soon as Ernest and his troop emerged from the smoke they saw every
Mexican spurring off, pell mell; and when they reached the little
rise they found only blood on the grass and brush, several wounded
horses, and a lot of baggage, including sacks of Ezekiel Williams’s

“Let ’em go,” welled the cry; and the dragoons sped unpursued.

“We got some of ’em,” panted Jim, wildly exultant. “There were several
horses carrying double. Looked like one fellow was killed. Did you
shoot?” he demanded, of Ernest.

“Naw,” confessed Ernest. “I couldn’t see to shoot, in all that smoke.
Did you?”

“Shucks, no!” deplored Jim. “I had good aim, all right, but the blamed
gun missed on me.”

After collecting the abandoned equipment, and taking the horses and
mules that did not have to be put out of their misery, but leaving
Ezekiel Williams his water-melons, with their cannon the volunteers
rode back in triumph to Gonzales.

Texas’s battle of Lexington had been won.



So Gonzales kept its cannon, Texas had gained the first battle in
defense of liberty, and there was great excitement in the town and
in Eli Mitchell’s cornfield. The men cheered and sang and gamboled,
celebrating their easy victory. Expresses were immediately sent
galloping to the eastward, bearing the news, and urging the colonists
to rally.

As soon as the first express reached San Felipe, the Central Committee
of Defense, there, of which Stephen Austin was chairman, issued
a stirring appeal. A copy of it was read among the volunteers at
Gonzales. “Now every man in Texas must decide for himself [it said]
whether he would submit to the destruction of his rights and liberties
by the Mexican government. If he will not submit, let him give his
answer by the mouth of his rifle. The citizens of Gonzales have been
attacked, the war has begun. Every citizen should march to help his
countrymen in the field!”


More volunteers did march in. They were assigned to companies, until
the cornfield was alive with armed men. Ernest was the youngest
soldier on the ground, and he was immensely pleased to find himself
really enrolled and assigned to the company of cavalry commanded by
Lieutenant, now Captain, Almeron Dickinson. That was great! Thereupon
Jim loyally asked to be assigned to the same company.

“Put the two boys together,” gruffly directed Colonel Moore; and when
Jim came back with the news, he and Ernest rapturously hugged one
another. They were “bunkies,” and continued to spread their blankets
side by side. Tents were lacking, but a Texan minded not at all
sleeping out in the open.

It was quite a reunion of Texas people, some of whom had been neighbors
back in the United States but of late had been widely separated; while
others never had met or else had heard each other’s names only in
stories of Indian fights.

Ernest knew a few, who had been through Gonzales; but Jim knew many
more, for he had lived longer there near the crossing of the Colorado
River. And on a morning soon after the cannon fight he uttered a glad

“Here’s Leo Roark! Bully!” And leaving Ernest, he rushed off.

Another body of recruits, dusty with travel, had just come in amidst
cheers; and running forward, Jim reached up and warmly shook hands with
a rider on a little black horse: a boy, as Ernest could see, about
Jim’s age. They chatted for a few minutes――the boy sitting his pony
easily, a shot-gun lying across his saddle. Then the detachment moved
away, to make camp; and with wave of hand, and a word, and a flash of
white teeth from under his broad gray hat, the boy followed.

Jim strolled back.

“That’s Leo Roark,” he said. “From Oyster Creek down at the lower
Brazos, near the coast. Ever hear of him?”

“Why, sure,” answered Ernest. “He was in that camp that was cleaned out
by Indians, wasn’t he? West of town, about five years ago? The time old
man Roark and two or three other men were killed?”

“That’s the fellow,” nodded Jim. “He was on guard, but he was right
small. He savvied by the way the mules acted that Injuns were ’round;
and before he could get the camp on its feet the Injuns had killed his
father and the other man. He’d dropped his gun to cut a mule rope, but
he had to drop his knife, too, and dive into the mesquite. He travelled
clear to Bejar alone, chewing mesquite berries for water; and didn’t
get back home for three months. That was Christmas Eve, 1829, when he
was about ten years old.”

“He’s come to enlist, has he?” asked Ernest.

“He’s already enlisted. That whole bunch is from the lower Brazos, in
the Bay country. More are on the way, too. I’ll admire to make you
acquainted with him. He’s lived in Texas most all his life――since 1824,
anyhow. His folks are from North Carolina.”

Pretty soon Leo sauntered over from his part of the field, and Ernest
was introduced. A manly, sturdy, good-humored boy was Leo; rather
quiet, though, as might be expected in a boy who had seen his father
murdered by Indians, and had had to turn to, after that, and help
support the family. He wore a blue flannel shirt, red tie and belted
trousers thrust into boots; and was armed, like Ernest, with his knife
and gun.

“We came as fast as we could,” he informed. “That’s a right smart
ride――two hundred miles. My father and I used to take a couple of weeks
to it, when we were trading into Bejar. How long have you lived out

“Three years,” proudly answered Ernest.

“Then I was in Gonzales before ever you saw it,” announced Leo. “I came
through with pap the first time when I couldn’t reach the stirrups.
Legs just stuck out this way――――” and he spread his thumb and finger.
“I sure wish I’d got here now in time for that fight,” he added. “But
there’ll be another, won’t there?”

“You bet,” assured Jim. “We’re going to take Bejar.”


“Soon as the consultation at San Felipe is over, and we get Austin to
lead us.”

“Who’s your leader now?”

“Colonel John H. Moore.”

“Well, what’s the matter with _him_, then? He’s some fighter, I reckon.
And there must be upward of two hundred fifty men right on this spot,
just pinin’ for a scrimmage.”

“That’s what I say,” vaunted Ernest. “We can lick those Mexicans to a
finish. They can’t fight. They run.”

“I don’t know,” dubiously said Jim. “Ugartechea has four hundred
regulars in Bejar, and if Cos joins him with those five hundred more we
might have to do a lot of chewing before we could swallow.”

“Shucks!” grunted Leo. “Down our way we calculate one Anglo-Texan
settler can lick ten Mexicanos. Look at what we did in ’32 when we
drove out the Bustamantists. Anyhow, seems like the whole country is
arming now. We passed a lot of people on the road. Fannin’s ‘Brazos
Company’ is somewhere behind us.”

“Who are they?” asked Ernest.

“A company of Brazos people who organized at San Felipe, I hear tell.
Jim Fannin is their captain. He’s from Georgia and he’s been in Texas
only a year; but he’s all man.”

“Doesn’t take long to make a Texan,” asserted Jim, much to Ernest’s

The “Brazos Company,” under Captain James W. Fannin, Jr., arrived.
Speedily, indeed, the camp and town were full of notables. There was
boyish William Travis, who so hated Mexican tyranny; and Colonel Pat
Jack, who with Travis had been cast into a Mexican dungeon, at Anahuac
in 1831; and Henry Karnes, a trapper from Arkansas, whose hair was so
red that the Apache Indians thought it was his “medicine” charm, and
let him go after they had captured him; and Colonel Edward Burleson,
who had served under General Andrew Jackson, along with Sam Houston,
against the Creek Indians, in Alabama; and Dr. James Grant, a Scotchman
who owned a great estate in Coahuila; and Captain Jesse Burnam, of
Burnam’s Crossing; and Colonel Branch T. Archer, who had been an Aaron
Burr conspirator and had fled from Virginia on account of a duel; and
Rezin Bowie, Jim Bowie’s brother――the real inventor of the Bowie knife
and as good a man as Colonel Jim. Colonel Jim was in Bejar, ’twas said,
with his wife; but he could be counted on.

“I reckon Ben Milam wishes he was here, too, instead of in prison at
Monterey,” quoth Ernest; and his companions gravely nodded.

Meanwhile scouts were out and sentries were posted, for Colonel
Ugartechea, in command of the Mexican post at San Antonio, would not
long be idle after the defeated Lieutenant Castañeda reported to him;
and General Cos was marching westward from the coast to reinforce him.
The camp was full of rumors and alarms.

At midnight Ernest, turning over in his blanket, drowsily heard the
beat of galloping hoofs, out of Gonzales and down the road to San
Felipe. He thought nothing especial of it, but in the morning the camp
soon was astir with renewed excitement, and Jim and Leo brought the

“Did you hear that express, last night? Ugartechea’s coming!”

“How do you know? When?”

“Reckon he’s started already,” declared Leo. “They got a message from
him late last evening at headquarters, addressed to Austin. Dated the
fourth. He said he was marching the next day, which was day before
yesterday, for Gonzales, with a complete force; and if we met him and
delivered the cannon he’d take it and go back; but if we didn’t be so
accommodating then the nation of Mexico would consider itself insulted
and at war with the Texas colonists.”

“We aren’t going to do it, are we?” demanded Ernest.

Jim and Leo laughed.

“Hardly, my lad,” said Jim, grandly. “What do you think we’re made of?
Colonel Moore sent the message on to San Felipe, with a right smart
note to Colonel Austin, asking him to hurry along with more men, and
while we waited we’d entertain Ugartechea and Cos, too, if he came.
We’d hold ’em off some way.”

“If Cos and Ugartechea don’t come to us we’ll go to them,” added Leo.
“We Brazos people enlisted to take Bejar and drive the Mexicans across
the Rio Grande, where they belong. We won’t sit ’round here very much
doing nothing. We want to finish this war and go home.”

The day proved to be a disturbing one. More scouts were ordered out,
westward, to spy on the enemy’s advance; rifles and pistols were
cleaned, the six-pounder brass cannon was placed in a better position
(“so Ugartechea and Cos can find it easy!” laughed the men), and a
general council of war was convened, at the Colonel Moore headquarters,
to discuss matters. Colonel Moore was elected commander of the whole
camp, until a commander-in-chief of the Texas army was chosen.

Expresses continued to arrive, with dispatches and tidings from the

“Suppose you’ve heard the latest about Sam Houston, boy?” hailed Dick
Carroll, passing where Ernest was sharpening his knife on his boot-leg.

“Is he coming? Where is he?”

“Oh, he’ll come, when he’s needed. But just now he’s still down at San
Augustine and Nacogdoches. He’s been elected commander-in-chief of all
Eastern Texas, and the Redlanders [these, as Ernest knew, were the
settlers in the Red River country, on the Texas northeastern border]
are flocking to him by hundreds.”

“Good for the Redlanders!” cried Ernest. This news from Sam Houston
certainly sounded like business. “What’ll we do? March to Bejar and
clean the Mexicans out of Texas?”

“Go slow,” cautioned Dick. “You’re just like all these other fellows;
spoiling for a fracas. Want to eat the Mexicans at a bite and go back
home to their folks and crops. We’ve less’n three hundred men, and
Bejar isn’t the only post we’ve got to tackle. There’s Victoria, and
Goliad, south, on our flank――and I understand a hundred men are to
be sent off against those places. As I calkilate, we gain by waiting
a bit, and like as not some of those Mexicans who can’t stomach any
dictator business will help us. De Zavala’s come in to San Felipe
already, and offered himself to Austin.”

“Who! Lorenzo de Zavala, Dick?”

“That’s right. He’s thrown in with Texas, for liberty and the
constitution of ’24; and he was governor of the State of Mexico,
too――until Santa Anna chased him out and put a price on his head. That
means we’ll probably get a lot of Mexican patriots, as soon as they
understand we’re fighting for state freedom. But this camp’s so cocky,
doesn’t seem like it’ll wait for Austin or Houston or reinforcements or

“What man do you want for commander-in-chief, Dick?” queried Ernest.

“Houston,” promptly answered Dick. “Sam Houston. Didn’t I go clear up
north to find him, for Texas? But I don’t reckon he’ll be elected.
They’re most all West Texas men hyar, yet, and he’s of East Texas. How
about it, Henry?” and he hailed Henry Karnes, the red-headed Arkansas
trapper and Apache “big medicine,” who on moccasined feet was striding
by. “Do you figger we can elect Sam Houston?”

Henry Karnes scratched his fiery thatch.

“Wall,” he drawled, “if he was on the spot he might be elected. Or
if we-all were thar he might be elected. But he’s away out yonder,
recruitin’ the Redlanders. I think a heap of Houston, myself, but I
reckon Austin stands a better show. Everybody knows Austin. He’s got
some folks, though, that hold he’s too sort of mild, for a fightin’
man. Fact is, I don’t see how anybody can be elected; this hyar
camp’s so split up, with every company shoutin’ for its own separate

And that was true. The election had been ordered for to-morrow, and the
camp and the town were in a perfect buzz of electioneering. Texas was
so large, and the settlements were so widely divided off, that each
locality formed a clan, eager to have a man from among themselves as
the leader.

On this day 110 volunteers under Captain Allen and Captain Benjamin
Fort Smith were detached to march south and seize Victoria and Goliad,
so as to cut off the Mexicans’ line of communication with the Gulf.
Now there were not enough men left at Gonzales to capture San Antonio,
and if Colonel Ugartechea and his Mexican regulars arrived, for that
cannon, before reinforcements came in, Colonel Moore’s riflemen
certainly would have their hands full.

However, amidst the wild rumors, scouts brought word that Ugartechea
had not yet marched out of the Alamo mission of Bejar, but that General
Cos was nearing Bejar with his 500 soldiers. Something therefore must
be done soon.

Ernest was a strong Sam Houston “man.” But when he tried a little
electioneering, himself, for his candidate, he found, as Trapper Karnes
had said, that the camp was all “split up.” He could not swing even Leo
and Jim.

“Aw, who’s Sam Houston?” opposed Leo. “He may be a right smart of a
man, but we’ve got a lot as good one’s who’ve been in Texas longer than
he has. We Lower Brazos fellows aren’t going to vote for anybody we
don’t know. We’ve got a man of our own.”

“Didn’t you ever see Sam Houston?” asked Ernest.

“Naw, I never did. I hear tell he’s a politician who’s come into East
Texas hoping to get something. Did you ever see him?”

“I should say I did!” defended Ernest, hotly. “I saw him up at Fort
Gibson before ever he came into Texas, and I’ve seen him at Gonzales,
too. He’s the finest, kindest man anybody ever met. He’s a friend of
President Jackson’s, and a friend of Texas――and didn’t Texas send for
him, and hasn’t he been at the head of things around Nacogdoches,
and taken part in the conventions, and haven’t they elected him their
commander-in-chief already?”

“Shucks!” scoffed Leo. “We don’t care what they’re doing up ’round
Nacogdoches. We’ve got a leader picked out that we know and can depend
on. He’s from down our way.”

“But Houston’s been in the United States army, and he’s lived with the
Indians, and he’s not afraid of anything,” argued Ernest. “He can fight
the way the white men fight and he can fight the way the Indians fight;
and if he was commander then maybe all the Cherokees and Comanches
would join us.”

But Leo was unconvinced. So was Jim; and moreover, Jim didn’t seem even
to favor Austin, especially, although he knew Stephen Austin well.

“Austin would do toler’bly, I reckon,” agreed Jim. “But we settlers on
the Colorado have a Colorado man we want. What’s the use in looking
to the Brazos or clear to East Texas for a commander, when right
here in camp we’ve one of the best fighters in Texas, who’s lived on
the Colorado, and knows the whole country and all the men, from the
Colorado to the Rio Grande?”

“But if everybody wants a different man, how’s anybody to be elected?”
demanded Ernest. And suddenly, interrupting himself, he sprang to
his feet, pointing. “Look!” he cried. “Here’s a big bunch of more
volunteers coming; a regular company! Hooray!”

“Hooray!” cheered Jim and Leo; and from Gonzales and from the cornfield
resounded other cheers, as men flourished their hats and rifles,
welcoming the new arrivals.

“They’ve got a flag! See it?”

“A new tri-color――red, white and blue, with a star on it!”

“It’s the Lone Star, boys! The Star of Texas and Liberty! Three cheers!”

In real military order, horse and foot, the company of reinforcements
marched up the road. Three riders led; and the rider at the left bore,
on a lance at his saddle-bow, a square pennant divided into three
sections――blue, white and red. The blue was a broad band running up and
down, next to the pole; the white and the red made two bands extending
the other way, from the blue to the end. In the middle of the blue band
was a single large white star, five-pointed.

It was a gay and beautiful flag; and the company under it marched
proudly on, to report. Speedily the word spread that this was a company
clear from Harrisburg on Buffalo Bayou of the Galveston Bay section.
Andrew Robinson was captain; A. B. Dodson was first lieutenant; Jim
Ferguson was second lieutenant. The flag had been made by Lieutenant
Dodson’s bride, who had been Miss Sarah Rudolph Bradley (Leo said that
he knew her), out of calico, and had been presented by her to the
company. Lieutenant Ferguson was the man carrying it. He and the others
explained that the three colors combined the tri-color idea of Mexico
(whose flag was red, white and green) with the American red, white and
blue; and that the star was Texas, rising for liberty in Mexico.

The company brought copies of several circulars that had been
distributed throughout East and Southeast Texas, urging the settlers
to arm and hasten to Gonzales; every circular had the right ring to
it: “Take Bejar and drive the Mexican soldiery out of Texas,” was the
slogan. They brought word also that Sam Houston was being depended
upon to raise volunteers in the United States, to help Texas; and that
a general consultation of defense was still in session at San Felipe,
and that Stephen Austin was anxious to get away from there and likely
enough was already on the road.

The flag was much admired; but by the next morning it was forgotten.
The election of commander-in-chief of the Texan army was ordered
for four o’clock this afternoon of October 11, and there were as
many candidates as companies! Matters seemed all mixed up, until,
fortunately, at noon Austin came riding in.

This settled the quarrels and disputes. The sight of Stephen Austin,
here at last, and the recollection of how he had toiled for Texas, won
everybody. His name was proposed to company after company and received
with cheers; and although he said that he did not want the position――he
did not feel strong enough, after his imprisonment in Mexico――he
accepted, as his duty, if the army would be satisfied with no one else.

Accordingly, after the election at four o’clock, Peter Grayson,
the president of the board of war, informed him that he had been
unanimously elected commander-in-chief of the Texan army.

“Don’t you think he’ll be a good one, Dick?” anxiously queried Ernest,
seeking his trusty oracle.

“Well,” replied Dick, as if weighing the pros and cons, “we all love
Austin――just natur’ly love him. But he’s not a military man, and to
me he looks powerful pale and weak. When we really get ag’in a hard
campaign with the Mexican regulars, my opinion is that Austin would do
better organizing finances and supplies and keeping things moving at
that end, which is more his training, while an Old Hickory sort of a
man like Sam Houston takes the field. We Texans are a hard people to
manage, anyhow. We’re so tarnation independent.”

Dick’s words were encouraging, nevertheless. And so were Leo’s.

“Yes, I voted for Austin,” he said. “We’ll follow Austin. But if he
hadn’t accepted, and if we-all didn’t get our own man in, some of our
fellows would have gone home.”

“Would you have gone back home?” demanded Ernest.

Leo opened his eyes wide.

“Who? Me? I should say not! I’m here to stick till we take Bejar.”

“So am I,” asserted Jim, quietly. “I want to see this fracas through.”

Whereupon they three agreed to “stick,” together, and “see the fracas
through,” for the sake of the cause and not the sake of any particular
leader. Still, Ernest did not give up the hope that _he_, at least,
might some day follow Sam Houston.

As he was turning in under his blanket, for sleep, he was set almost
wide awake by a joyous shout from Jim, who had been “visiting.”

“Shake up your priming and stow away your corn-bread, boy,” jubilated
Jim. “We bust camp to-morrow and march straight for Bejar.”

“Who said so?”

“General Austin. I got it from a man who got it from another man who
got it at headquarters. The consultation at San Felipe’s going to quit
until November 1, so all the delegates can join the army; Austin’s
promised that if they do he’ll take Bejar in three days; and he’s sent
another express to Sam Houston and the Redlanders to hurry along,
_pronto_ [fast], ’cause they’ll be needed in the fight.”



Ernest awakened with the sensation that this was to be a day of action.
When once the army moved forward, no one could tell what might not
happen. All the men were astir early, preparing for the march: viewing
their horses, freshening the priming of their guns, and putting last
repairs on footgear and saddles and bridles.

But after breakfast, the first thing done was the election of field
officers. This passed off without any trouble whatever. When the army
was paraded, to hear the announcement that Colonel John Moore had
been re-elected colonel, Edward Burleson (another sturdy fighter)
lieutenant-colonel, and Alexander Somervell major, General Austin made
a short speech. Sitting his horse, slim and erect in close-fitting suit
of plain brown buckskin, he spoke bare-headed.

He did indeed look weak and pale, but his voice carried well, and what
he said was received with cheers.

“It is the cause of the Constitution and of freedom [he declared],
the cause of each man individually and of Texas collectively. Our
prospects and happiness will depend in a great measure on the issue of
this campaign; everyone feels its importance, and it is unnecessary to
appeal to the patriotism of the army, but the commander-in-chief deems
it his duty to remind each citizen-soldier that patriotism and firmness
will avail but little without discipline and a strict obedience to
orders. The first duty of a soldier is obedience.”

“Oh, we’ll sure be obedient,” quoth Jim Hill, to Ernest. “If he’ll tell
us where to go, we’ll go.”

The parade was dismissed; but scarcely had the companies been marched
to their quarters, and the horses of the cavalry been tethered along
the picket ropes, to wait, saddled and bridled, when another wave of
excitement flowed through the camp.

“Goliad’s been captured! We’ve taken Goliad!”

“How do you know?”

“An express just came in, from there.”

“Who took it? Smith and Allen?”

“No; they didn’t get there in time. George Collingsworth and about
forty of the Caney and Matagorda men, from the Gulf coast, attacked it
on the night of the ninth, broke into the commandant’s quarters with
axes, seized him and the other officers, killed one Mexican and wounded
three others, corralled all the supplies, captured twenty-five of the
garrison, and had only one man wounded, themselves! And whom do you
think they picked up, on the way? Ben Milam!”

“What! Old Ben? Thought he was in prison at Monterey?”

“So he was, but he didn’t stay. Bribed his jailor, got hold of a horse,
and lit out. Travelled by night and by day, for six hundred miles, into
Southeast Texas, aiming for the Gulf. On their way to Goliad the boys
found him in the brush, and he went along in with ’em. Now he’s on his
way here to join the army. Fetching some prisoners, too.”

All this was good news. Everybody liked and respected Colonel Ben
Milam, and rejoiced that he would be on hand to help. The taking of
Goliad had cut the route by which Mexico might wish to march more
troops inland from the coast. And the supplies and arms taken were much

“Hurray for old Ben Milam! And hurray for Collingsworth! Did they get
many supplies and guns, I wonder?”

“You bet. A brass six-pounder, about three hundred muskets, and a lot
of ammunition and stuff.”

“Those are what we need.”

“Yes, sir! And we need Goliad as bad. That stops Mexico from sending
any more troops to Bejar from the east. We’ve a line of Texans across
that trail.”

Expresses were immediately hastened, with the news――one also with
orders to Captain Collingsworth to hold Goliad, and to Captains Allen
and Benjamin Fort Smith to return from there at once, bringing all the
extra arms and supplies.

About noon Colonel Ben Milam rode gallantly into camp, at the head
of a little squad conducting the three Mexican officers captured at
Goliad――a lieutenant-colonel, a captain and an ensign. Having reported
to headquarters, Colonel Milam was given a great welcome when he
appeared on the field. But he brought little news from Mexico itself.

“You know a fellow in a Mexican prison doesn’t get much chance to learn
what’s going on, boys,” he said. “And since I’ve been out I’ve hurried
too fast to pick up any news especial.”

“Where was Santa Anna?”

“Yonder, at the capital, I reckon. I didn’t stay to bid him good-by.
Fact is, I didn’t pass his way.”

“How do they feel about him, in Mexico, do you think?”

“He’s in the saddle; that’s generally recognized. But everything he
does, he does through the vice-president that he’s appointed――Don
Miguel Barrigan, a sort of president pro tem., or acting president.
Santa Anna pulls the strings.”

“Anything left of the Constitution of 1824, and State rights?”

“I told you, boys, that I was in too much of a hurry to talk politics.
But I reckon you’ve heard of the Decree of October Third, which
Barrigan issued for Santa Anna? I learned about it from a _paisano_
[country-man] just as I was crossing into Texas. All the state
legislatures are dissolved, and all state officers must be approved by
the Supreme General Government. There’ll be no more elections by the
people. We don’t have any voice in the management of affairs, and the
famous Constitution of ’24 looks to me as if it were wadded up in a
ball and tossed aside.”

“Won’t there be a revolution, yonder, to help in this fight Texas is

Colonel Milam shrugged his shoulders.

“_Quien sabe?_ [Who knows?]” he said. “But in my humble opinion Santa
Anna has all those Mexican states snubbed fast――they’re afraid of
him; and Texas’ll have to depend on the United States for help. Of
course, boys,” he added, apologetically, “I’ve been at large too short
a time to _sabe_ much, myself; but it seems to me our own blood in
the United States won’t stand by and see us lose either our liberties
or our lands. These natives are used to that sort of thing; but we
Anglo-Saxons aren’t.”

“Well,” spoke somebody, “there’s Sam Houston. Maybe when it comes down
to a regular war, he’ll get President Andy Jackson to send United
States troops across the Red River and take us under his wing. We’d be
a heap better off under the American flag than under the Mexican.”

The three captured Mexican officers were started for San Felipe――where
they later were released upon promising not to take up arms again in
opposition to the privileges of the Constitution of ’24. And this
afternoon the little army moved by ford and ferry to the west side of
the Guadalupe. Here they camped.

“Aw, ginger!” complained Jim, to Ernest, at the orders to unsaddle.
“Why don’t we go ahead to San Anton’? These nights are getting right
chill, and my blanket’s toler’ble thin and wearing thinner. ’Most of us
fellows came in a hurry, to fight and get back again. We didn’t fetch
any saddle-bags, expecting to camp!”

“We couldn’t take Bejar with only two hundred men, could we?” reminded

“We could keep warm trying, anyhow,” grumbled Jim.

The discontent over the delay did not last long. Anybody could
understand that to meet the trained Mexican soldiers in a place of
their own choosing was not like a skirmish or a surprise; and that it
was better to be slow than be sorry. Even Leo, who was more stubborn
than Jim, finally admitted that perhaps they couldn’t fight Mexican
soldiers as they’d fight Indians.

General Austin emphasized this in an address that he made, at
inspection on the second day after the Guadalupe was crossed. He told
the troops that he had drawn up a set of regulations for the Texas
army; and so much depended upon this campaign against Bejar that it
would be necessary that these regulations be closely obeyed, for the
sake of good order and discipline. Otherwise, with every man acting as
he pleased, there would be only disorder and confusion.

After the address the troops passed in review, the flag brought by
the Harrisburg company floating gaily. Already the camp duties and
guard-mountings under arms had had a good effect, for the different
companies, both cavalry and infantry, marched in lines like veterans.

The regulations, posted in front of each company headquarters, covered
every phase of army life so well that now anybody could see how badly
needed they were.

The next day camp was broken. Colonel Milam and a company of scouts
were sent ahead to spy upon the movements around San Antonio; and
the army followed in military formation at last, with front and rear
guards, and skirmishers out on the flanks.

“We sure aren’t pretty, but we’re awful tough to chew,” commented Jim,
glancing back from where, beside Ernest, he rode in the Dickinson
column of cavalry.

And, indeed, this first Texan army did not pretend to be pretty. The
men were in their plain citizen-settler clothes――flannel shirts and
calico shirts and buckskin shirts; trousers of buckskin and of homespun
cloth; footgear of moccasins, boots and ragged shoes; headgear of caps
from coonskins, foxskins and other pelts, and of broad-brimmed hats,
black, gray, and beaver brown. Long-barrelled muzzle-loading rifles,
muskets, shot-guns, and Mississippi yagers (that kicked tremendously),
dragoon pistols and hunting-knives were the arms; and some of the
men were not armed at all. The brass six-pounder from Gonzales was
hauled by a yoke of oxen; a few provisions were packed on mules.
General Austin, accompanied by Colonel Moore, Adjutant Warren Hall,
Judge-Advocate William Wharton, and others of his staff, led.

At Cibolo Creek, where camp was made until Captains Allen and Benjamin
Fort Smith should arrive with their men from Goliad and Victoria, who
should appear but Don Placido Benavides, the alcalde of Victoria, with
thirty Mexican ranchers. They had come to join with their fellow Texans
in the fight for liberty. This pleased General Austin and all the
army. Don Placido declared that he received circulars inviting him and
the other Mexicans to enlist with Texas, and approved of them; and he
believed that a great many other native people also would rise for the
constitution and state rights.

Colonel Milam’s spy company sighted 1000 Mexican cavalry only ten
miles from the camp, and sent in word to the general to be prepared
for an attack. Leo, who with two other men had been out on a scout
under Lieutenant Bull, returned in high feather and Jim and Ernest were
fairly envious at his tale.

“We made ’em leg it――you ought to’ve seen ’em leg it!” jubilated Leo.
“Ten of ’em, only three miles from this camp. The lieutenant ’lowed ’em
to think they were chasing us back, till they were in about five rods
of us, and then we turned to let ’em have it, and you ought to’ve seen
’em leg it. They legged it so smart they didn’t take time to aim, and
shot by pointing their guns over their shoulders. We chased ’em two
miles and then we quit.”

“If four Texans can lick ten Mexican regulars that easy,” quoth Jim,
scornfully, “I rather guess we won’t have much trouble cleaning out

“Maybe we won’t have to clean it out,” proposed Jim. “Did you know
we’ve sent a message by a _paisano_ to Cos, asking whether he’ll
respect a flag of truce for a parley?”

“Who wants to parley?” demanded Leo, hotly. “What about?”

“There was a council of war at headquarters, anyway,” pursued Jim. “I
got that straight. And the council decided we ought to try to make it
clear to Cos just why Texas is fighting. When he understands that all
we’re after is our rights under the republic he might agree to quit
with us till we could treat with Santa Anna. I reckon General Austin’d
rather save Texas by peace than by war, of course. It’d mean a lot of

“Suppose so,” admitted Leo. “The men here in this very camp are the
best crop in Texas, so far. All right; let ’em parley, if they can.
We’ll be getting reinforcements all the time, anyway. Ugartechea might
agree to a talk――he’s white, for a Mexican――but Cos never will. You’ll

And General Cos didn’t. He sent back word that he would respect no flag
of truce from “rebels.” This reply was worth a hundred men, it made the
little army so indignant and determined.

Captains Allen and Benjamin Fort Smith marched into camp with their
detachment from Victoria and Goliad way, and with the supplies and
munitions captured by Captain Collingsworth at Goliad. Among other
things, they brought along the six-pounder brass cannon, so that now
the army had a battery of two.

The muskets were distributed to the men who needed them; and late that
afternoon advance was resumed in earnest, for the Salado Creek, which
was only five miles from Bejar.

When they went into camp, after the first stretch, Colonel Jim Bowie
rode in! He had got out of San Antonio just in time. Glad indeed were
the army to see Jim Bowie. He reported that the Mexican troops were
fortifying the town――had built walls across the streets leading into
the two plazas or squares, so that these were now enclosed entirely;
had mounted cannon behind these walls and on the flat tops of the
stone houses; and were making ready to repel all attacks. The old
mission of the Alamo, surrounded by a high, thick wall, across the San
Antonio River, just outside of the town, also was well garrisoned. And
reinforcements had been received, and Colonel Ugartechea was about to
be sent after more reinforcements.

Altogether, Colonel Bowie thought that General Cos had decided to fight
from his fortifications rather than in the open, after having learned
how the Texans were rallying; and he advised General Austin to push on
as rapidly as possible.

On the night of the 19th a forced march was made. The Salado was
reached at daybreak. From the advance, rifle-shots drifted back through
the mist, and the alarm spread; but the shots proved to be only those
of a skirmish with a Mexican spy company, who promptly retreated before
Ben Milam’s men and left the crossing clear.

So, on the morning of October 20, the army camped on the west bank of
the Salado Creek, within sight of Bejar, beyond the stretch of gently
rolling prairie.

Now another recruit arrived. He was the celebrated Deaf Smith
himself――and he proved to be thoroughly angered. Amidst a curious
crowd of Gonzales men (he had lived at Gonzales before he moved to
San Antonio) he told his story in the fewest possible words; his hand
behind his ear to catch any comments, and a flush on his dark, leathery

“Was goin’ home to Bejar after a leetle hunt [he said]. Hadn’t heard
’special about this scrimmage. Know everybody in Bejar, anyhow. Met up
with a Mexican camp. They signed me friendly to come in. So I rides on
unsuspectin’. When I got right near they all begun shootin’ at me.
Never teched me. Dirty trick. Wuss’n Injuns. Made me mad. So hyar I be.
Ready to sarve. Fam’ly in Bejar yet, though. Got to get ’em out.”

“Bully for you! That’s the spirit!” they praised. No recruit could be
of greater value, for “Deaf” Smith, the lone hunter, was as brave as
a bulldog and as cunning as a fox. He could “out-Injun” the Indians
themselves. And he knew every foot of the country and every inch of

General Austin immediately made him chief independent scout.

On the morning after Deaf Smith’s arrival in such a huff Ernest heard
himself hailed as he was returning from washing his one extra pair of
socks in the creek. The voice was that of Sergeant Brown, who held a
piece of paper in his hand.

“The lieutenant’s got you down on a detail this mawnin’,” drawled the
sergeant. “You get youah hawss an’ gun, an’ report to Majuh Somervell,
over yonduh.”

“What is it? A scout?” queried Ernest, joyed.

“No. Deaf Smith’s heard from his fam’ly, an’ I reckon you’re goin’ out
to escort ’em in.”

Camp life had been rather dull, save for the scouting parties
constantly trotting out and trotting in; Jim and Leo both had been off
on details for outpost duties――Leo even had met the enemy――and Ernest
felt that it was high time he was given a chance. He grabbed his little
rifle, saddled and bridled in a jiffy, and on his yellow pony loped
hastily across the camp-ground to where Major Somervell was sitting
his horse amidst a small group of other horsemen. Deaf Smith also was
there. And Dick Carroll.

“I am ordered to report to you for duty, sir,” said Ernest, saluting
and trying not to grin.

The major surveyed him quizzically and scratched his nose.

“Well,” he remarked, “if Dickinson can spare you. They must grow
soldiers young, in that company of his.”

“Oh, he’s a Texan, all right,” spoke somebody――Dick Carroll. “He’s the
boy who carried that message from Gonzales to Burnam’s.”

“Yes, and he can shoot as hard as General Jackson, I bet you,” added
somebody else.

“I wasn’t hinting to the contrary,” laughed Major Somervell. “I was
just looking twice to be sure I saw him. Let’s start and rescue Smith’s
old woman and kids before he plumb bursts.”

The major pricked his horse; and Deaf Smith, who had not heard a word
but who had been alertly waiting, at the first move leaped his horse to
the fore. They were a free and jaunty little squad, as they rode away,
the major and Deaf Smith leading, and the rest following two by two,
Ernest beside Dick.

“Do you think we’ll have a fight, Dick?” asked Ernest, hopefully, as
they trotted along.

“No, I don’t look for any,” answered Dick. “We’re only ordered to the
Espada mission below Bejar, to get Smith’s family. They sent word
they’d be waiting there, and the old man’s uneasy about ’em. Bowie
and Fannin have been in that region, commandeering supplies from the
rancheros. They say it’s all peaceful.”

At any rate, whether to a fight or not, the trot and lope across the
green prairie, in the fresh air, was a delight――especially when one was
a Texan soldier, among other Texan soldiers, and the enemy was likely
to be watching.

But nothing happened. You would not have supposed that war was being
waged. Without a single word Deaf Smith guided straight across the
prairie, into the southwest, and after about an hour’s steady riding he
jerked his thumb and head, swerved toward a lone tree beside the trail
before, and upon reaching a small group there, halted.

They were his wife and eight or nine children, with a burro piled high
with household stuff. The wife being a Mexican, and Deaf Smith being
dark himself, the children all looked like Mexicans.

Deaf Smith merely grunted; the wife smiled pleasantly; the children
stared. Deaf Smith beckoned to the smallest child, and lifted her
before him on the saddle; his wife clambered behind him. Major
Somervell took another child; Dick Carroll took another; presently all
the family were accommodated. Deaf Smith led out again; and driving the
burro the expedition turned back for the camp.

“Huh!” commented Dick Carroll. “Hyar we come, capturing half the
Mexican nation, and never a shot fired.”

“Guess there aren’t many words wasted in this family, boys,” called
Major Somervell.

And to laughter and good humor they approached the camp on the Salado.

“By cracky!” uttered Dick, when the camp was at hand, near before. “A
parade, isn’t it? And if that isn’t Sam Houston himself addressing it,
I’ll eat my hat, and his, too!”

Right! The army, cavalry and infantry had been drawn up, by companies,
in close formation, two ranks deep; the general officers were sitting
their horses, in front, facing the line; and midway between them and
the army a large man, in familiar Mexican blanket and big gray hat,
from his saddle was making to the men a speech accompanied by vigorous
gestures. Sam Houston, sure enough!

Just as the scouting party arrived, to Ernest’s disappointment the
general ceased and retired; but a hearty cheer applauded him. The
parade was dismissed, and Ernest hastily unsaddled and sought out Jim
and Leo――who as usual were confabbing together.

“Aw, is that all you got?” they scoffed, greeting him. “We saw you come

“Did the best we could,” defended Ernest. “Deaf Smith had to have his
family, and so we captured half the Mexican nation for him.”

“Where’d you go?”

“Almost to the Espada Mission, on the San Antonio River, six or eight
miles below Bejar.”

“Sight anything?”


“You missed it here, then,” proclaimed Jim. “We had a big parade and
review again, and some corking speeches. And Leo’s hawss r’ared and
nigh threw him off.”

“Didn’t, either,” stoutly denied Leo. “A fly must have bit him, is all.
These pesky horse-flies are getting fierce, this cold weather.”

“What’d they all say?” invited Ernest, stretching himself out
comfortably. “When did Sam Houston turn up? What’d _he_ say?”

“He rode in, a short bit ago, with a bunch of men from the Red Lands.
We hear tell that when he got the last message from Austin to hurry up
he gave his last five dollars to an express to rustle volunteers in his
section, straddled his hawss and lit out for the army. He sure can make
a talk. You ought to’ve heard him.”

“He’s certainly some man,” approved Leo.

“What’d he say?” demanded Ernest, again.

“Well,” resumed Jim, “he opines, as a soldier, that we need more drill
and more supplies, before we mix up with those Mexican regulars and try
to take Bejar. Thinks we’d better ‘_rendeves_’ [gather] t’other side
the Guadalupe, ’stead of here in the open, away from our base, and wait
for artillery and ammunition and men. Maybe he doesn’t know Texans, but
he seems to know what he’s talking about.”

“Knows how to say it, all right,” commented Leo. “I could just sit and
listen to that man all day. He’s got a voice, hasn’t he! Some man, some

“Austin and General Jack speechified considerable, too,” continued
Jim. “Oh, we’ve got things all planned out, now. The council of war’s
heard that the people are rising beyond the Rio Grande in favor of the
republic under the constitution of ’24, and General Santa Anna’s kept
too busy to fool with Bejar; so we’re going to march on it _pronto_ and
cut it off and besiege it. General Austin’s made arrangements with the
_paisanos_ and _rancheros_ [ranchers] ’round here to sell us plenty
corn and stuff, and we’ll have bread and horse-feed. He’s pledged his
own money to pay for it with. Don Antonio Padilla, a big _ranchero_,
and Colonel Juan Seguin of the Mexican army have joined us, with some
Mexicans; and Seguin’s been made a captain in the Texas army and’ll
raise a company of native volunteers. All the Redlanders and other East
Texans are on the way and liable to arrive any minute, and Dr. Asa
Hoxey’s sending on some twelve-pounders from San Felipe. The general
consultation’s going to meet at San Felipe, where it left off when its
members came to the army, and fix up a temporary government, to provide
for laws and the army and look out after the rights of the settlers;
and it’ll issue an official appeal to the United States to help us,
too. And already there’s a couple of companies of Texas Volunteers
being enlisted in New Orleans――isn’t that so, Leo?――to march out here
and throw in with the Texas cause.”

“That’s what we hear,” agreed Leo. “But the best thing that’s happened
is _bread_! Think of that! Real bread, made out of corn flour! I’m
so blamed sick of jerked meat and bacon slivers that I can’t hardly
swallow. But bread! Wait till I set my teeth in a slab of bread!”

“I don’t know,” mused Jim. “Bread’ll be mighty good, but what I liked
to hear was about the cannon and reinforcements. I reckon we’ll need
’em, at Bejar, if Cos has fortified it the way Jim Bowie says he
has. There are eight hundred men at Bejar and we’ve got less’n five

“Do we have to wait till those New Orleans companies get here?” asked

“Nobody’s said so,” answered Jim. “But we may wait for the Redlanders.
Those East Texas folks want a chance, don’t they. And Austin’s looking
powerful sick. We hear tell he offered the job of commander-in-chief to
Houston, but Houston wouldn’t take it without being regularly elected.
Anyway, I reckon Houston and a lot others’ll have to go in to San
Felipe to that consultation. It meets on the first.”

“I don’t reckon we’ll retreat east of the Guadalupe, just the same,”
asserted Leo, doggedly. “We ought to clean up Bejar, so we all can go
home for Christmas. _Sabe_ that?”



At any rate, the order came to move forward to the old mission Espada,
where Colonel Bowie had reconnoitered and obtained the promise of
provisions. The full name of the mission was San Francisco de la
Espada――Saint Francis of the Sword. It had been located here in
1731, or more than one hundred years ago, but now was abandoned; the
priests and the Indians their pupils had gone, and only a few Mexican
_paisanos_ and _rancheros_ remained. By the empty mission building
flowed the San Antonio River; and less than eight miles northwest up
the river was Bejar.

In fact, here along the crystal San Antonio River there were a number
of these old missions, forming a group. The Mission de la Espada,
thence up the river the Mission La Purisima Concepcion de Acuna, the
Mission San Juan Capistrano; just across the river from Bejar (or
Bexar) itself, the Mission San Antonio de Valero which was now known
as the Alamo, some said because of the _alamos_ or cottonwood trees,
and others because of the Mexican troops who were from the town Alamo
of Parras; and in Bejar itself, the Mission San Xavier de Naxera. The
presidio or fort, San Antonio de Bejar, had been supposed to guard all
these missions.

The old mission la Espada proved a very pleasant camping place, and the
Mexican country people were friendly. But, of course, as Jim Hill said,
one never could tell who were spying and who were not. The chances
were that everything the army did was reported at once to General Cos
in Bejar. But it also was reported, to General Austin, that the troops
in Bejar were much alarmed by the rapid way in which the Texan army
grew, and that General Cos had decided he would do better to fight from
behind walls.

On the afternoon of arrival at Espada, Leo gleefully sought out Ernest
and Jim.

“Well, I’m off again,” he informed. “What are you fellows going to do?
Sit here?”

“Why? Where you off to?” they demanded.

“Scouting, of course. Captain Bill Travis and eighty more of us.”

“I’d like to know!” protested Jim. “You’ve had one scrimmage.”

“Sure, and I want another,” airily replied Leo. “The general ordered
Captain Travis to pick eighty mounted men for scouting duty, and good
old Bill told me he reckoned I’d do for one. I’ve been with him before,
see? Down on the coast, when we drove Tenorio out of Anahuac, last

“Aw, shucks, Leo,” deplored Ernest. “Why can’t you get us in on that?”

“With your little pea-shooters?” retorted Leo. “No, boys, I’m
afraid not. [‘Boys,’ he said!] Every man in our bunch is armed with
double-barrels, or else yagers, and pistols. Those are the general’s
orders. Adios. Tell you all about it later.”

“When do you start, Leo?” asked Ernest, enviously.

“I don’t know. Any time the captain says so,” replied Leo, hastening
importantly away.

“Scatter-guns and blunder-busses!” scoffed Jim, after him. “You-all’ll
be a hefty crowd, if you meet up with those Mexican regulars.” But he
added, to Ernest: “That Bill Travis is a fighter, though. I’d certainly
admire to be going along.”

“So would I,” admitted Ernest.

It indeed seemed slow work, sitting around, waiting; and that night
they missed the spunky Leo, for the Captain Travis troop of scouts had
ridden out, reconnoitering.

However, in the morning another event occurred. Jim, as usual, brought
the word, excitedly hailing Ernest.

“Hurry up!” he cried. “Get your hawss and shooting-irons if you want to

“Where? All right. I’m coming,” rejoiced Ernest.

“Up-river, on a scout with Jim Bowie and Captain Fannin. But they won’t
wait long.” And with Ernest, Jim hustled breathlessly for the ponies.

“How’d you know?”

“Met Henry Karnes, and he told me they’d been ordered out to go with
about a hundred men and find a new camping-place up-river. So I went
straight to Colonel Bowie and asked him to take us, and he said he
would if Captain Dickinson had no objection, and the captain said ‘All
right,’ so I guess it is.”

“I should rather think it was!” rejoiced Ernest. “Leo’ll find he hasn’t
any edge on us, won’t he!”

“He sure will,” agreed Jim, as they saddled up like lightning. “Huh!
I’d as soon be under Bowie and Fannin as under Travis. That Jim Bowie
doesn’t take back-water from anybody!”

“Who else is going?”

“I dunno. Karnes, and Dave Macomb the assistant adjutant, and a lot

“Maybe we’ll ride clear into Bejar, then,” proposed Ernest, as they
trotted to report.

“Bowie certainly knows the way,” agreed Jim.

“See you later, Dick,” called Ernest, as they passed Dick Carroll. “Off
on a scout.”

“Good luck to you,” responded Dick, who evidently had missed this
opportunity. And now, riding away thus on his own hook, Ernest felt
grown and independent.

To be exact, there were ninety-two of them, who, under Colonel James
Bowie the Louisianan, and Captain James Fannin the Georgian, but Texans
both, cantered two by two, this morning of October 27, out of the Texan
camp at the Espada mission on the San Antonio River, and headed into
the north. Ernest and Jim of course rode side by side. Suddenly Jim
pointed before.

“There come the Travis scouts back again,” he uttered. “Now it’s our
turn to shake our tails. See Leo?”

With wave of hand in greeting they all trotted obliquely across the
flank of the Travis column.

“Where you going?” called Leo, sighting his two partners.

“Oh, just on a little scout. Tell you all about it when we get back,”
shouted Jim, derisively.

“What’d you find?” added Ernest.

“_Mucho pocito_ [Much very little],” responded somebody, to a general

“Knew they didn’t do anything,” remarked Jim, satisfied. “They aren’t
sassy enough.”

The trip was an all-day trip, up along the crooked, limpid San Antonio
River――said to be the most beautiful river and the best water in Texas.
The old Mission San Juan Capistrano was first examined, but it was too
exposed for good defense. In leisurely manner Colonel Bowie and Captain
Fannin led on to the Mission San Jose de Aguayo, nearer to San Antonio
and within sight of the Alamo. The march was slow and cautious, for the
country on either flank and before had to be examined.

San Jose was better, in situation, than San Juan, but Colonel Bowie
decided to make a short cut over to the Mission Concepcion. Here the
column arrived in mid-afternoon.

“There’s a place right yonder,” declared Henry Karnes, “that’s the
tightest leetle campin’ spot you ever saw, colonel. I reckon you know
it as well as I. They call it the Horseshoe.”

“So I was thinking,” responded Colonel Bowie. “We’ll look at it.”

The Horseshoe struck everybody as being ideal. The river made a
horseshoe curve, about 100 yards wide. In the curve was a stretch
of bottom-land, flat and brushy, fifty to 100 yards deep. From the
points of the horseshoe, on either side to the river, was a strip of
timber, and between the points of the horseshoe and extending well into
the timber was a natural parapet, about six feet high, caused by the
bottom-land lying below the surrounding prairie. From the top of the
parapet the grassy, flowery prairie stretched level and open, like a
parade-ground. From the prairie one could descry, only a mile and a
half in the north, the Alamo, and the dun roof-tops of Bejar itself,
and sharp eyes could see the Mexican flags lazily floating in the light
of the setting sun.

“Whoopee!” quoth Jim, as all sat their saddles while Colonel Bowie and
his officers rode about, on the bottoms, inspecting and conferring.
“Now we’ve found it. Wood, water and cover; and the whole Mexican army
couldn’t smoke us out.”

“’Tisn’t big enough for the Texan army, though,” prompted Ernest.

“Well, it’s a right snug little place for _this_ army,” proclaimed Jim.

“But we’re supposed to go back to Espada and report, before night,
aren’t we?”

“Aw, fiddle!” scoffed Jim. “It’s too good a place to leave in a hurry.
Jim Bowie’s itching for a fight, same as the rest of us; and we’d be
better off fighting in here than out on the prairie somewhere. Who
wants to ride back this time of evening and maybe get surrounded on the
way? The army can do without us till we’re ready to go in. Camp? Of
course we’re going to camp! We’ll see whether those Mexicans have any
spunk in ’em.”

Sure enough, the order was given to off-saddle and make camp
in the bottoms. And away galloped David Macomb, the assistant
adjutant-general, bearing the word to Espada.

Captain Fannin’s command, whose company of fifty men from East Texas
formed one detachment, were posted along the lower bend of the river;
the Colonel Bowie detachment were posted opposite, along the upper
bend. The horses were picketed, fires for coffee were lighted, sentries
were stationed at the river in the rear and on the edge of the prairie
in the front. Robert Calder and six others were sent into the cupola of
the mission building, 500 yards distant, whence they could spy over the

Mexican women from the mission brought in _tortillas_ (which were large
thin plasters of baked flour paste) and other food, for sale. It was a
very comfortable camp, but――――

“Yes, and those blamed women will go straight from here to Bejar and
report every man of us,” complained some of the men. “I could see ’em
tallyin’ us off.”

And this was exactly what the women did.

Not all the men favored this camp for the night. Several thought that
Colonel Bowie was taking grave risks, to disobey orders and camp here
with less than 100 volunteers, right in sight from Bejar with its
thousand regulars, and on a spot from which there could be no retreat.
The orders of General Austin had instructed them to return at dark
and report upon the country, for he was anxious to advance, himself,
to a better camping-ground. However, as Jim Hill had said, “they were
itching for a fight.” It was rather good fun, thus to dare General Cos
to come out.

Night fell, starry but damp. Voices spoke low, the horses snorted, the
river rippled musically, and lying snugly beside Jim, Ernest heard him

“Bet you can see the lights of Bejar, if you’d stand up. Hee-yaw,” and
Jim yawned noisily. “If Cos wants us he can come and take us. Got your
gun in under the blanket with you? It’s a toler’ble wet night, down in
this bottom.”

“Yes; I’ve got it,” murmured Ernest, already drowsing.

Jim droned something about a fog, and about General Cos being afraid
to come out, anyhow; but Ernest did not wait to hear just what.

The next thing that he knew, Jim was nudging him in the back. He opened
his eyes upon dense grayness; whereat Jim whispered:

“You awake? Wake up!”

“What’s the matter?” And Ernest turned over crossly. “Who said to wake

“I did. Listen, now! Hear anything?”

At this hour, early dawn, not even the horses were awake, and the
ripple of the river sounded low and fitful as if the old San Antonio
were talking in its sleep. Ernest strained his ears and his eyes. He
could not see a thing, for a thick, saturated fog had settled down,
enfolding the bottom and all the world around. And his ears seemed of
no more use than his eyes.

“No, I don’t hear anything. Why?”

“Sh! Listen, I tell you,” bade Jim, impatiently. “Hear that?”

“That,” as far as Ernest could guess, was a faint, whiny little sound,
scarcely to be distinguished above the murmur of the water. In fact, he
wasn’t certain that he heard it at all.

“What?” he demanded. “That? Horse drinking――or maybe a coyote tuning
up. Go to sleep. We’ve got plenty sentries.” And he irritably pulled
his wet, heavy blanket higher, over his chin, for the dense fog was
thrusting its clammy fingers down his neck.

“Sounds to me like one of those Mexican carts squeaking,” asserted
Jim. “Don’t hear it now, but I’ve _been_ hearing it, I tell you. If
it wasn’t for those sentries I’d say that Cos was crossing a cannon
through the river.”

“Well, Henry Karnes is out on guard, and he’ll hear things if anybody
can,” retorted Ernest. “So will those fellows in the cupola.” And as
fast as possible he took another cat-nap.

Next he was awakened for keeps. In his ears echoed a shrill Texas
“Whoo-ee!”――as from a distance. Up and down the lines of prone figures
word was being passed for all to tumble out.

“Somebody yelled from the cupola!” babbled Jim, likewise awake, as he
and Ernest struggled to sit up and pull on their damp boots. Ghostly
figures on either side were doing the same. “That’s an alarm. I heard
what I heard and they heard what I heard and I heard what they heard, I

The fog upon the camp was astir, but all movements and voices were
hushed by the heavy mist. The appointed mess cooks had been busy for
some time, evidently; camp-fire smoke and the fragrance of coffee
wafted pleasingly through the heavy air.

“Aren’t attacked yet, are we?” stammered Ernest.

“No. The fog out yonder’s full of Mexicans, though, I ’low. Hope it
holds till we get our coffee. Come on.”

Exchanging brief comments, and listening tensely, the men hastily drank
their coffee, and munched their bread and beef. If the Mexicans were
surrounding them, it was being done very quietly. However, more than
one in the camp had thought he had heard suspicious sounds. And that
cry from the cupola!

“There goes the change of guard,” remarked Jim, as he and Ernest
finished breakfast, still in the fog. “We-all don’t move till the fog

Scarcely had he spoken, when from the front, where in the mist the
prairie abruptly fell to the bottom-land, broke a quick muffled spatter
of shots――followed at once by the single, smarter report of a rifle.

“Ball’s opened!” shouted someone in the little mess; and every member
grabbed his gun and scrambled to his feet.

“Muskets, first, that was; then a rifle.”

“Bang!” Another single shot.

“Pistol, this time, boys. Out Henry Karnes’s way. _Alerte_, everybody!”

Ernest stood aquiver, peering. Peered all.

“I done told you, I done told you,” reiterated Jim.

The mist was so thick that each man barely could see his neighbor; but
from the near distance an officer called:

“Steady, boys. They can’t see any better than we can.”

Colonel Bowie hustled through the fog.

“Where were those shots fired?” he queried right and left.

“Straight yonder, colonel,” they directed, as he passed.

“Fall in, all of you,” he ordered; and the word sped.

But the colonel did not go far. Another figure, coming running, met
him. By the voice it was Henry Karnes, breathless.

“Mexicans out thar, colonel,” he reported. “Don’t know how many, but a
hull platoon charged me jest as I was relieved, an’ I gin ’em a mornin’
pill from ol’ Sal; they skedaddled, an’ another tried same trick, so I
gin ’em a dose from my pistol, an’ they skedaddled, too.”

“Bet one didn’t skedaddle,” said Jim, to Ernest. “That Henry can hit a
nail-head with his eyes shut.”

“Silence in the ranks,” ordered an officer; and the men easily laughed.
They were not a whit afraid.

The line of this division had been formed along the natural parapet
where bottom-land met prairie on the left; and across at the right the
other division under Captain Fannin had probably likewise been formed.

“Steady,” passed the word. “Wait till the fog lifts, boys.”

“Gee, wish I could see,” complained Ernest, beside Jim, trying to stand
on tiptoe so as to peek over the edge of the little bluff.

“I opine that fog out there’s plumb full of Mexican soldiers,”
predicted Jim again.

“Move across to the other side, boys,” was the next order. “The colonel
wants us to join lines with Fannin, so we won’t be shooting into each
other. Then if those Mexicans charge in here we can everlastingly
wallop ’em.”

So in spectral procession they changed to the Captain Fannin side, and
the double ranks now extended around the inside of the horseshoe, from
the parapet front to the river.

“Clear away the brush, boys, under foot and on top, so we can move and
see to shoot; and where the bank’s too high to look over, dig toe-holds
for yourselves.”

From in front muskets were hammering away, as the Mexicans proceeded to
shoot blindly into the fog.

“They must think they’re going to scare us out by noise,” asserted
Jim, while he and Ernest and their comrades tore and slashed and dug.
“They’ve got cannon, too, all right enough. Those were the wheels I
heard squeaking.”

Ernest listened anxiously for the “Boom!” of the cannon. He didn’t
mind so much the muskets, but those cannon balls would plough through

Now the brush had been cleared, and footholds had been cut, and there
seemed nothing to do but to wait again.

See? The fog was reddening, as it thinned and the sun’s beams struck
through――for the sun must have been up and shining three hours.

“Steady, boys,” repeated the officers――and here, at a run, into the
bottom-land entered the seven outpost guards from the mission cupola.

“Did you hear me whoop?” panted Robert Calder. “Nigh all Mexico is out
yon. We glimpsed ’em through a break in the fog.”

“Wall, you’re in time for the dance,” remarked Henry Karnes.

The fog was lifting, rolling up like a great curtain. Along the lines
under the low bluff sounded the click of gun locks, as hammers were

“Steady! Steady! Pick your marks, boys, and fire at command.”

“See their feet?” whispered Jim, tensely, to Ernest.

Ernest nodded, for his heart was thumping in his throat and he did not
dare try to speak. This was going to be a bigger fight than the one at

And a curious sight that was: out on the prairie before them, about
300 yards distant, an array of men’s legs, in dankly hanging cotton
trousers; and an amazing array of slimmer horses’ legs! Some of the
legs were moving, hither-thither, as if marching about by themselves,
for the fog cut sharply and they appeared to have no bodies.

“Lucky for them they fetched their legs,” commented one of Ernest’s
neighbors. “They’ll need ’em to run away on.”

“I like something better’n legs to shoot at,” added somebody else.

The fog had lifted from the parapet, and the Texan lines were
revealed――and the long-barrelled muskets and rifles levelled and
resting upon the sod, and the lean bronzed faces laid expectantly
against each stock. Ernest, aiming steadily, blinked and stared.

Swiftly uprolled the fog――above the waists, and the horses’ bellies,
and ever higher; and suddenly the sun blazed down and the whole prairie
leaped into brilliant life.

The Mexicans! See them! Fully 400: infantry, in blue cotton uniforms
and high-peaked caps; half a dozen companies of cavalry; and a brass
cannon drawn by mules! They had forded the river and here they were,
opposite the points of the horseshoe!

“There’s Ugartechea, with the cavalry!” exclaimed Jim. “Who’s the
infantry officer?”

“Colonel Cos. He’s brother to the general, lad,” was an answer.

The infantry were marching, with arms trailed, to the right, so as to
front the Texan lines; the cavalry stayed mainly in the centre, but
extended also to right and left, as if preparing for a sweeping charge;
and between them and the infantry was the brass cannon, pointed, its
gunner whirling his match to keep it aglow.

“Why don’t we shoot?” demanded Ernest, fretfully. “I can’t hold this
bead forever!”

“Steady, boys,” warned the officers.

“Aim for the whites of their eyes,” cheered Henry Karnes.

The infantry had formed not more than 200 yards away, and were raising
their pieces; a trumpet pealed briskly, in a signal――and now, somewhere
far down the Texan line, rang a rifle. The gunner with the lighted
match threw up his free arm and plunged headlong.

“Give it to ’em, boys!” echoed the rapid order. “Never mind the
infantry. Watch the cavalry and that gun.”

“Crackity-crack-crack!” spoke the rifles.

“Bang! Bang-bang-bang!” mingled the muskets, of heavier voice.

Ernest hastily pressed trigger; whether he hit anybody or not he could
not tell, for all the Mexican lines were thrown into confusion. Down
lurched the horsemen; down staggered the artillerymen, and the infantry
line was strewn with fallen figures. He did not even hear the report of
his own gun; the Mexican infantry were answering with belching volleys
that rolled thunderously across the prairie, and on either side of him
his comrades were blazing away.

“Those Mexican soldiers can’t shoot,” panted Jim, working hard to aim,
fire, load and aim again.

And that seemed true; of all the volleys, not a bullet struck anywhere

“Gimme a chance hyar,” snarled a voice in Ernest’s ear, and a hand
jerked him backward. He had forgotten; the plan was, that each man
should fire and step back to load while the man behind him took a turn.
So he stepped back.

A wild cheer arose. The Mexican infantry were scurrying, disorganized;
they had not stood at all――no, not before those deadly balls from the
Texan sharpshooters, everyone of whom, including Ernest, could stop a
running deer with a single shot. And the cavalry had broken also; the
horses were wheeling, riders were spurring, and with the flat of their
swords striving to rally their men, the officers were following.

“Never mind their backs, boys!” rose the voice of Colonel Bowie. “Wait
and give it to them in their faces.”

The crackle of rifles and bang of muskets slackened, but only for
an instant. The brass cannon was coming; lashing their mules the
cannoneers who had replaced the fallen were forging to the front, and
the cavalry had formed in support. Into new position, dangerously near
on the right flank, whirled the bounding cannon――the cavalry trumpet
pealed again, for a charge, and the horsemen, bending low, launched in
an oblique column to storm the horseshoe further to the left of the
Texan line.

“Once more! Stop that cannon and those horsemen, boys!”

The brass field-piece belched a white cloud, but before the grape-shot
rattled and swished over-head and spattered among the trees every man,
it seemed, within the smoke had fallen dead. Others rushed up to lend
a hand. They, too, fell. Ernest glanced with the corner of his eye at
the cavalry――and he saw only a confused mass of horses, many riderless,
their stirrups flapping, galloping out of danger.

“Take the cannon, boys! The cannon and victory!” shouted Colonel Bowie.

The cry was repeated down the lines. The men, and Ernest, and Jim,
began to edge along the breastwork, firing as they went, and ever
shortening the distance to the field-piece.

Almost as fast as they arrived to help discharge it, the Mexican
soldiers, both infantry and cavalry, were shot down. The cavalry tried
another charge――officers urging with the flat of their swords; and
again they broke and fled.

Five times the cannon belched, while the infantry, in the rear,
delivered useless volleys, and the cavalry dashed and recoiled.

“The cannon and victory!” welled more determinedly the hoarse clamor.

Now the last detachment of impromptu cannoneers were cut to a last man.
The mules, tortured and panic-stricken, had broken from their traces
and had stampeded straight through the infantry. At the piece only one
man was left; he sprang forward from the caisson with a hammer and
spike, to drive the nail into the touch-hole and spike the gun. Sam
Whiting, on Ernest’s right, hastily threw up his rifle and shot. Down
sank the last cannoneer; and none came to replace him.


“Wall,” drawled Henry Karnes, his hat gone, his red hair tousled with
energy and wet with the perspiration, “I reckon that’s our gun. Nobody
else claims it.”

Jim turned to Ernest. His face was aflame.

“Hooray!” he croaked. “We’ve won. Ninety-two of us licked four hundred.”

Ernest tried to hurrah, but his voice stuck fast in his powder-dried
throat. So he agreed by shaking hands hard. Suddenly he felt very



Now all firing from the Mexican forces had ceased; behind their
brushy breastwork encircling the front of the bottom-land the Bowie
and Fannin men might take breath, congratulate one another, and peer
keenly through the smoke wreaths wafting away on the morning breeze.
The brush was blackened and burned by powder; beyond, the green prairie
was strewn with Mexican soldiers and horses, the majority killed
outright――and the brass cannon stood alone hub-deep in bodies; further
beyond, out of range of the deadly rifles and muskets, the Mexican
cavalry and infantry were streaming in groups for the town of Bejar.
Already some were refording the river.

“Get that cannon, boys,” ordered Colonel Bowie; and with wild cheers a
score of the men scrambled to the prairie and raced for the abandoned
field-piece. After them flocked the others――Ernest and Jim cheering as
lustily as any.

“Give ’em a taste of their own medicine,” rose the cry. Around was
nimbly whirled the cannon, and pointed at the fleeing enemy; but the
caisson was almost empty of ammunition and Colonel Bowie bade that the
few powder cartridges be saved.

Then arose another cry.

“More cavalry, boys! Watch out! Back to camp!” And, instantly: “No!
They’re our own men. Hooray! It’s Travis! Travis!”

For, across and below, up the river course were galloping hard in broad
column a troop of horsemen, by their rough-and-ready garb and the way
they rode, Texans! Captain Travis led. Evidently they were bent upon
cutting the Mexicans off; but they were too late. The Mexican cavalry
and infantry hastened faster――occasionally faced and threatened――there
were shots from both sides――and after pressing close on the rear and
flanks the Travis men turned back and the harassed Cos and Ugartechea
soldiers, cavalry last, hustled into the Alamo and Bejar. The dun walls
swallowed them from sight.

“Get your horses, boys!”

“No! Wait. Here comes the main army!”

And coming it was, in battle array: the infantry at quick step, the
horses at an amble, the Lone Star flag of the Harrisburg company in the
front; skirmishers out before and on either flank, and General Austin
and his staff leading.

“Let’s find Leo,” proposed Jim. “Let’s meet ’em. There’s nothing more
to do here. Some of the other men are going――see?”

For Colonel Bowie had left, and Henry Karnes, and several more, as if
to report and to exchange news. Nothing loth was Ernest to follow their
example. It was not pleasant, on this bloody prairie where so many
bodies were lying. Why, around the cannon itself were sixteen.

He and Jim ran to seize their ponies, saddled and waiting in the
protection of the timber skirting the bottom-land; and away they loped,
to where the Travis troop and the main army had come together.

“We must follow them right into town,” was exclaiming General Austin.
“Take them before they’ve recovered.”

“No!” protested Colonel Bowie. “That would be madness, general. Don’t
try it. They’ve cannon enough mounted on the walls of the town and the
Alamo to cut us to pieces on that open prairie. I’ve seen the cannon,
and I know.”

“From what Bowie tells of the fortifications and the number of men
manning them I agree with him, general,” added Captain Fannin, arriving.

Ernest looked in vain for General Houston, but he did not see the big
form and the big hat anywhere.

“Where’s Leo Roark?” demanded Jim, as he and Ernest mingled with some
of the Travis men. For Leo was nowhere in sight.

“Roark? He’s down toward San Felipe somewhere, by this time.”

“How’s that?”

“The delegates to the consultation left last night, and a lot of East
Texas fellows went with ’em to guard ’em to San Felipe. So Leo joined
with some of his own crowd, and mebbe he’ll go clear home to see how
his folks are getting on. There wasn’t enough excitement hyar-abouts.”

“Aw, thunder! He said he’d stick,” complained Jim.

“He’ll be back. You can depend on that. You can’t keep any such lad
away from a scrimmage long.”

“Where’s Sam Houston?” asked Ernest.

“Gone, with the other delegates, to tend the consultation, same as the
rest of ’em. Somebody’s got to provide for this army, or there won’t be
any army.”

“Jim Hill! Oh, Jim Hill!” shouted a shrill voice.

Jim turned quickly in his saddle. The voice had issued from the ranks
of a company of infantry standing at ease, about seventy-five yards
distant; a figure toward the end of the line waved his hat.

“Sion Bostick, sure as shooting!” exclaimed Jim. Away he galloped,
pulled short, in front of the company ranks, sprang from his horse and
shook hands vigorously with Sion.

Presently he came loping back.

“That’s Sion, all right, from down near Beason’s. Walked all the way,
till his feet are plumb blistered. Had to leave his horse at home for
the ploughing. You’ll meet him at camp.”

General Austin evidently had decided to heed the advice of Colonel
Bowie, for orders were being given to camp here at Concepcion. A
council of war was held at once. It also voted to postpone the attack
upon Bejar and the Alamo; for the Alamo alone, according to Colonel
Bowie, possessed thirty pieces of artillery, which commanded all the
approaches, and against which the two six-pounders, from Gonzales and
from Goliad, could do little. As for the captured Mexican four-pounder,
it had no ammunition.

As soon as camp was made, and the companies dismissed, Sion looked
Jim up, and Ernest was introduced to him. He was a sturdy, tanned
and freckled boy of sixteen (same age as Jim) armed with a long,
heavy-barrelled Kentucky rifle, as tall as he was. It had been his
father’s, he said; but his father had died almost two years ago, so now
it was his.

“I joined as soon as my mother’d let me,” he explained. “She finally
’lowed I could come along with Cap’n Splann’s company. I don’t know
what this war’s all about, but here I am. The school’s busted up,
anyhow. Nigh everybody down our way’s enlisted, and the kids that
aren’t big enough to take the war-path have got to work at home. You
fellows must have had a toler’bly smart little fight.”

“Well, I should say,” asserted Jim. “That prairie yonder looks like it.”

“The whole army’d have got here before sun-up,” declared Sion, “only
that those East Texans went along with the delegates to guard ’em, and
when Macomb came in reporting where you fellows all were, two more
companies were sent back after the first company, to fetch ’em in, and
we had to wait. The two companies came in without the first company,
but then it was after sun-up already. If it hadn’t have been for that,
we’d have got here in time for the fight, and the whole outfit of those
Mexicans would have been captured. Then General Cos in Bejar would have
listened to us, I reckon. I tell you what, Steve Austin was right vexed
when he heard Bowie was going to stay here instead of obeying orders
and turning back. It might have meant the loss of all of you, and
that’d have left the army in a pretty pickle, with near a hundred men
wiped out.”

“Aw,” answered Jim, bravely, “we stayed and did a good job. Ninety of
us walloped four hundred, and we’re ready to do it again.”

“We sure are,” supported Ernest.

It was found that only one Texan――poor Dick Andrews――had been killed,
and that no one else had even been wounded; but sixty of the Mexicans
were counted, lying on the field, and others, mainly officers, had been
carried into Bejar. Some forty Mexicans had been wounded and borne away.

About noon, while the army were eating dinner, a priest in a black robe
approached from Bejar, with some helpers and carts, and was granted
permission to remove the slain. First he laid the bodies in a long row
on the ground, and prayed over them; then he had them loaded into the
carts, tied fast with rawhide ropes, and hauled into town by the oxen.

Three hundred reinforcements from East Texas were reported as being
on the way to join the army; and while waiting for them at Concepcion
General Austin issued some stringent orders, to “hold the men down,” as
Dick Carroll expressed it. There must be no more chances taken such as
that at the Horseshoe.

    The army is now in presence of the enemy [read the orders];
    prompt obedience to orders and strict discipline will soon
    effect the great object of the campaign, but without them
    nothing but disgrace and ruin will be the result.

    It is therefore expressly ordered that any officer who disobeys
    orders shall be immediately arrested and suspended from his
    command until a court-martial decides his case.

Strong out-posts were stationed――one squad being placed in the upper
story of the mission, to keep watch over the country about, and
detachments of cavalry were detailed to ride in a wide circle around
the town and prevent provisions and information from entering.

Another Texas flag appeared at this encampment. It had been in the
knapsack of James McGahey of the Lynchburg company of volunteers,
and now for the first time Ernest saw it being shown by him. It was
of blue silk, with a big white star painted in the centre, over the
word: “Independence”; but because of this word it was not being used,
although it had been in the McGahey knapsack for a number of weeks.
Texas was fighting for her rights as a state and not for independence,
and the Texas leaders wanted this plainly understood.

“I suppose if the Mexican people once think we’re trying to leave ’em
they’ll all turn against us,” reasoned Jim, as he and Sion and Ernest
discussed the flag. “That’s a mighty pretty flag, anyhow; about as
pretty as the Harrisburg flag that Mrs. Dodson made. I’d as lief carry
it, and tell Mexico to go to grass.”

“If we don’t get state rights maybe we’ll declare for independence,
and be a republic with Sam Houston for president,” offered Ernest,
recalling what Sam Houston had prophesied when he accepted Major
Rector’s razor. “I’d like to be at the consultation and hear him speak.”

“Maybe so,” agreed Jim. “But I’d like to be here, too, and help take
Bejar while they’re talking.”

However, the taking of Bejar did not progress very rapidly. To be sure,
on the next day, which was November 29, the expected reinforcements
arrived――200 from East Texas, so that now the army numbered 600, rank
and file. General Austin stayed at Concepcion, with one-half the army,
and sent the other division, under Colonel Edward Burleson, the Jackson
soldier, up the river about half a mile, so that now two sides of Bejar
were guarded; the cavalry rode around and around, covering all sides;
and not a Mexican soldier ventured out of the fortifications, except to
cross the river between Bejar and the Alamo.

Sion had gone with the Burleson division; and with Leo still absent in
the east, this left Jim and Ernest to depend on one another again.

It was said that General Austin was delaying for more cannon, and a
body of volunteers from the United States. An express from San Felipe
brought word that the consultation had gathered, and that two companies
of the United States volunteers were sailing from New Orleans to join
the Texans. He brought also copies of a proclamation that had been
issued by the Central Committee of Defense (now changed to a General
Council) at San Felipe, to the citizens of the United States.

Dick Carroll got hold of one copy, and read it aloud to a little group
which included Jim and Ernest.

                                            SAN FELIPE DE AUSTIN,
                                                  October 26, 1835.

    _To the Citizens of the United States of the North_:

    The general council of all Texas have determined to address you
    in behalf of suffering Texas, and to invoke your assistance.

    Our citizens were invited to settle Texas by a government
    having for its model that of the United States of the North.
    Under that invitation thousands emigrated here, and have
    subdued a vast and extended wilderness to the purposes of
    agriculture. In place of the solitary region inhabited hitherto
    only by the savage and the beast, they now present a country
    prosperous in the highest degree, and having inscribed on
    its face a universal assurance of its future greatness and

“That’s right,” they encouraged. “And we’ve sure paid for all we’ve
got. If ’twasn’t for us there wouldn’t be a sod turned in all Texas.”

    And now [continued Dick], when we had accomplished all this,
    when we had just fairly established ourselves in peace and
    plenty, just brought around us our families and friends, the
    form of government under which we had been born and educated,
    and the only one to which we would have sworn allegiance, is
    destroyed by the usurper, Santa Anna, and a military, central
    government is about to be established in its stead. To this new
    form of government the people of Texas have refused to submit.

“Not by a jugful will we submit,” they chorused. “We’re going to see
this thing through.”

    What number of mercenary soldiers will invade our country we
    know not [continued Dick, reading], but this much we do know,
    that the whole force of the nation that can possibly be spared
    will be sent to Texas, and we believe that we will have to
    fight superior numbers. But we believe victory in the end will
    be ours. Only one sentiment animates every bosom, and every one
    is determined on ‘victory or death.’

“My sentiments exactly, boys,” remarked somebody. “Expressed just like

    For this we are determined, to die or to be free,
    And TEXAS TRIUMPHANT our watchword shall be!

Better to die freemen than to live as slaves.”

“Listen here,” bade Dick. “We’re coming now to a powerful piece of
language. It’s the kernel.” And he read with rising tone and kindling

    Citizens of the United States of the North――we are but one
    people! Our fathers, side by side, fought the battles of the
    Revolution. We, side by side, fought the battles of 1812 and
    1815. We were born under the same government, taught the
    same political creed, and we have wandered where danger and
    tyranny threaten us. You are united to us by all the sacred
    ties that can bind one people to another. You are, many of
    you, our fathers and brothers――among you dwell our sisters and
    mothers――we are alien to you only in country. Our principles,
    both moral and political, are the same; our interest is one,
    and we require and ask your aid, appealing to your patriotism
    and generosity.

    We invite you to our country. We have land in abundance, and it
    shall be liberally bestowed on you. We have the finest country
    on the face of the globe. We invite you to enjoy it with us and
    we pledge to you that every volunteer in our cause shall be not
    only justly but generously rewarded.

    The cause of Texas is plainly marked out. She will drive every
    Mexican soldier beyond her limits, or the people of Texas will
    leave before San Antonio the bones of their bodies. We will
    secure on a firm and solid basis our constitutional rights and
    privileges, or we will leave Texas a howling wilderness. We
    know that right is on our side, and we are now marching to the
    field of battle, reiterating our fathers’ motto, ‘to live free
    or to die.’

                                           R. R. ROYALL, President.
                                           A. HUSTON, Secretary.

Dick concluded and glanced around. Ernest had felt his own cheek
kindling, and his eyes brightening, and he marked the same symptoms in
all the group.

“Boys,” said Dick, “I call that a mighty fine document. If there aren’t
people in the United States who’ll think enough of the cause of human
liberty, ’specially where their own kin’s concerned, to grab their
guns and light out to help us other Americans, red blood up yonder is
terrible scarce.”

“Why doesn’t the United States send an army down?” blurted Jim, hotly.
“She doesn’t like Mexico, anyhow, and now’s her chance. They almost had
a war over the eastern boundary, and the United States is always trying
to buy Texas to the Rio Grande. Let her come and take us.”

“Oh, sho’, now!” rebuked Dick. “The United States army has no call
to come down in here. We aren’t fighting for independence――yet――and
that would be invading part of Mexico and seizing one of her states,
and there’d be a pretty how-de-do. Nations can’t do that sort of
thing without other nations objecting. Fact is, for volunteers to arm
themselves in the United States and then cross over is ag’in law,
and for the government up north to allow that is consider’ble of a
friendly act, and Mexico’ll feel right sore about it.”

“Who’s this Huston who signs as secretary? Not Sam Houston?”

“No, sir. Nor any relative, far as I know. Spells his name different.
We’ll hear from Sam, later.”

On the next day or two, General Austin ordered Colonel Bowie to march
the division up around back of the Alamo, and join the other division.
They all crossed the river north of the Alamo, to an old mill on the
west side of the stream; so that now the whole army were almost within
cannon-shot of the Alamo to the south, east of the river, and within
half a mile of the town to the southwest on the west side. It was
reported that General Cos was ready to surrender; but when a messenger
was sent forward under flag of truce, with summons to surrender, the
general ordered the flag to retire at once or he would fire upon it.

General Austin lingered hereabouts for a short time, hoping that the
Mexicans would sally out to drive him away; but they did not, so he
made camp at the mill.

This had brought Sion Bostick and Ernest and Jim together again. Sion
and some men of his company secured permission to try the little
Gonzales six-pounder on the Alamo. A squad of them under Captain Poe
dragged it on by ropes within 400 yards of the Alamo; and while the
army eagerly watched they fired several rounds. The solid balls knocked
great puffs of dust from the Alamo walls, and the Alamo cannon replied.
No harm was done, by either side, and presently, after a waste of
ammunition, the cannon quit.

“We dusted their coats for ’em, anyway,” proclaimed Sion, returning
in high glee to Ernest. “And we collected about a dozen of their
cannon-balls. Traded more than even.”

So near was the camp to the Alamo that on still nights the Mexican
sentinels could be heard crying, shrilly, one to another: “Sentinela
alerte! Sentinela alerte! [Sentinel on the watch! Sentinel on the
watch!]” This was the custom in the Mexican army. And there was a brass
band, whose music, especially at morning and evening, floated across
the space into the Texan camp.

Deserters from the town stated that General Cos had sent Colonel
Ugartechea south to Laredo, on the Rio Grande River, for reinforcement.
General Austin kept cavalry patrols constantly on the move beyond
Bejar, in the hope that the reinforcements could be cut off. On
November 8, William House of Captain William Austin’s company, on a
scout in search of the reinforcements, was chased by Mexican lancers,
and fell from his horse and broke his neck. Jim Hill went out with a
party of fifty men to bring in the body, and had a story to tell Ernest
and Sion of a fight with 250 Mexicans, in which the 250 were well

Captain Travis’s company of scouts captured thirty horses that General
Cos had turned out of Bejar because there was no forage for them.

Sion Bostick’s crowd were given permission again to try the cannon.
They put it in an irrigating ditch only 300 yards from the Alamo, and
fired away. This appeared to enrage the Mexicans in the Alamo, who
replied hotly, and even shot at the camp. Several Mexicans on the walls
of the Alamo were killed by Texan sharpshooters; but the cannon on both
sides being small, did no more damage than before. Sion and his comrade
cannoneers could be seen picking up the Mexican round-shot and loading
those that fitted into the cannon in the ditch, and sending them back

But all these scoutings and bombardments were not enough for the Texas
volunteers. They wanted to take Bejar and be done, and go home to their
families and crops. Even Jim grew dissatisfied, although he had agreed
with Ernest and Leo to “stick.”

“We didn’t enlist for camp duty and fooling ’round,” he said. “We
weren’t even sworn in. We just gathered together and came to drive the
Mexican soldiers out of Texas, so we could go home again for Christmas
and have a little peace. We aren’t bound to stay here this way waiting.
We’ve got enough men to wade right through Bejar. Fannin says that two
hundred and fifty men of the proper sort could do the business.”

“Yes, but he said if they were properly drilled. We aren’t drilled
much,” answered Ernest. “The men are always making General Austin
mad by shooting at marks around camp and by going off home without
permission. He says he’s worn out trying to regulate ’em. And Travis
says we’re patriotic, all right, but we aren’t much more than a mob.”

“Well, you fellows may know what we’re fighting about, but I don’t, and
I don’t care,” asserted Sion. “All I know is, we enlisted to fight, and
this cannon-ball business doesn’t amount to shucks. I’ll bet there are
enough men right from the Colorado to drive those Mexicans out of Bejar
like a flock of turkeys. They’ll shoot cannon, but they can’t stand

Thus a spirit of great discontent was evident in the army. Reinforcements
in little squads were constantly arriving, breathless and eager; but
other squads were constantly leaving, in independent fashion, for the
east, with the promise that they’d be back when they’d “found things all
right at home and there was any real fighting.” General Austin looked
more worried and feeble, as if indeed worn out. And still the Mexican
military band played defiantly, and above the walls of the Alamo and of
San Antonio de Bejar floated over Texas soil the green, white and red
tri-color of Mexico. And in the interior of Mexico General Santa Anna,
according to reports, had put down all opposition to his military
government; no help could be expected from the Mexican patriots there,
and he was assembling an army, not only to rescue General Cos in San
Antonio, but to conquer the Texas “rebels.”

So affairs looked rather black, and Ernest, for one, did not see
exactly how they were going to turn out, until, suddenly, into the camp
at the old mill rode Leo Roark and others, fresh from San Felipe, and
the consultation, and full of enthusiasm.

“Meeting’s adjourned. Now where’s Cos?” they shouted.

“Did you see your folks? Did you have any fun? Where’ve you been, all
this time?” demanded Jim and Ernest, rushing to greet Leo.

“Yes, I saw ’em. They’re doing fine. Had _some_ fun. Heard most of the
consultation, anyhow.”

“What’d they do?” queried Jim.

“Drew up a regular declaration of rights, elected Henry Smith state
governor, Austin’s going to the United States to get money, Sam
Houston’s commander-in-chief to raise an army――and,” concluded Leo,
“there are near two hundred United States volunteers right behind us,
now, on the way to help take Bejar. We passed ’em yesterday. Wait a
minute and I’ll tell you all about it.”

“I’ll get Sion,” proposed Ernest. “You know Sion Bostick?”

“From down on the Colorado? Yes, I’ve met up with him.”



“Let’s see,” spoke Leo, after he had put up his horse, and reported,
and returned wiping his forehead with a bandanna handkerchief, to
greet Sion, and to sit down, surrounded by his expectant cronies, Dick
Carroll and several others. “You don’t care anything about my visit
home. I was at the consultation most of the time, anyway, and slept
outside, nights, in my blanket. So did the other fellows, except those
that lived in the town.”

“Did you meet up with any of my folks?” asked Sion.

“I sure did, and Jim’s, too. They all sent their love. Well, the
consultation met on the third, in that little old one-story convention
hall that hasn’t any ceiling. There were fifty-five delegates, which
didn’t leave much room for the rest of us. But all the big men were
there, except Austin: J. A. Wharton, and Williamson (Three-legged
Willie, you know), and de Zavala, the patriot, and Captain Fisher, of
Gonzales, and Captain Burnam, and Dave Macomb, and A. Huston, of San
Augustine, and Branch T. Archer, of Brazoria, and Sam Houston――――.”

“What’d Sam Houston wear?” inquired Dick Carroll, pointedly.

“Buckskins and Mexican blanket, of course.”

“Looked like the best-dressed man, too; didn’t he?”

“That man certainly carries his clothes regardless,” admitted Leo. “You
really don’t notice _what_ he has on when he gets in action. Well,
first thing they elected Branch Archer president of the meeting, and
then they appointed Wharton and Houston and ten others to draw up a
declaration that would tell the people in Mexico and the United States
what we were fighting about.”

“I’d like to know that, myself,” invited Sion. “Haven’t got it through
my head yet!”

“I brought a copy with me,” continued Leo. “There were a thousand
printed. Here ’tis.”

“Let Dick read it,” proposed somebody. “He’s a boss reader; never shies
at a word.”

So Dick Carroll took the handbill, and read:

    _Declaration of the People of Texas in General Convention

    _Whereas_, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, and other
    military chieftains, have, by force of arms, overthrown the
    federal institutions of Mexico, and dissolved the social
    compact which existed between Texas and the other members of
    the Mexican confederacy; now the good people of Texas, availing
    themselves of their natural rights,

    _Solemnly Declare_

    1st. That they have taken up arms in defense of their rights
    and liberties, which were threatened by the encroachments of
    military despots, and in defense of the republican principles
    of the federal constitution of Mexico, of eighteen hundred and

    2nd. That Texas is no longer morally or civilly bound by
    the compact of union; yet, stimulated by the generosity and
    sympathy common to a free people, they offer their support and
    assistance to such of the members of the Mexican confederacy as
    will take up arms against military despotism.

“That sounds kind of patronizing,” commented Dick, interrupting
himself. “Some Mexicans mayn’t like it――coming from Texas.”

“’Tisn’t a declaration of independence, after all, is it!” remarked
Sion. “Why don’t we fight for independence?”

“Well, some of them did talk independence,” answered Leo. “But Sam
Houston was against it and so were others, and it was voted down, in
favor of the constitution of 1824――thirty-three to fourteen. Houston
put the motion, himself.”

“Go on, Dick,” they bade. And Dick proceeded.

    3d. That they do not consider that the present authorities of
    the nominal Mexican republic have the right to govern within
    the limits of Texas.

    4th. That they will not cease to carry on war against the said
    authorities whilst their troops are within the limits of Texas.

    5th. That they hold it to be their right during the
    disorganization of the federal system, and the reign of
    despotism, to withdraw from the union, to establish an
    independent government, or to adopt such measures as they may
    deem best calculated to protect their rights and liberties,
    but that they will continue faithful to the Mexican government
    so long as that nation is governed by the constitution and
    laws that were formed for the government of the political

“Comes _near_ independence, doesn’t it!” quoth somebody. “Just says if
they won’t play with us we won’t play with them!”

“Merely being polite about it, is all,” agreed Dick. And he resumed.

    6th. That Texas is responsible for the expenses of her armies
    now in the field.

“Glad to hear that,” was the interruption. “I’ve been pinin’ to know
who was goin’ to pay me for my crops I’ve lost.”

    7th. That the public faith of Texas is pledged for the payment
    of any debts contracted by her agents.

“Pay in faith, huh? Wall, thar’s nothin’ else in the treasury, that’s

    8th. That she will reward, by donations in lands, all who
    volunteer their services in her present struggle, and receive
    them as citizens.

“Thar’s sense to that. We got land a-plenty, anyhow.”

    These declarations we solemnly avow to the world, and call God
    to witness their truth and sincerity, and invoke defeat and
    disgrace upon our heads, should we prove guilty of duplicity.

Dick passed the handbill around.

“Who wrote that?” he asked, of Leo. “Sounds a little like Sam Houston,
and then ag’in it doesn’t seem to be quite high and mighty enough.
Sam’s fond of big words.”

“Don’t know who did write it,” answered Leo. “They say there were
four or five propositions. Austin sent one in, favoring the Mexican
constitution of ’24 and separation from Coahuila. It was the mildest.
Daniel Parker, of Nacogdoches, and D. C. Barrett, of Mina, had a couple
of others. Three-legged Willie had another ready. That was the hottest,
and they say the most of the one adopted is his, toned down some.”

“Were there any good speeches?”

“Well, I should rather reckon there were. I heard ’em through a window.
Most of us outsiders had to listen through the door and windows. Dr.
Branch Archer made a bully speech, as president. He said we weren’t
fighting for ourselves alone; we were ‘laying the corner-stone of
liberty in the great Mexican republic.’ Mr. Royall read a letter from
Austin, telling what he thought the consultation ought to do――and
they pretty nearly did it. Martin Palmer argufied for independence
and J. D. Clements, of Gonzales, argufied for the constitution. Then
J. A. Wharton argufied for independence; and General Houston made the
bulliest speech of all, asking us all to go slow and work together.
He and J. A. Wharton almost had a fuss over whether we should declare
for independence or the constitution, but Houston won out, when the
question was put, more than two to one for the constitution.”

“They had as much trouble as the first Continental Congress did, ’long
back there in 1774, when we all were separating from Great Britain,”
quoth Dick. “Fact is, the colonies were in about the same fix Texas is.
What else did they do?”

“Well, they drew up a sort of a constitution to govern Texas until
things are settled. They elected Henry Smith, of Columbia, governor;
he got thirty-one votes and Austin got twenty-two. J. W. Robinson,
of Nacogdoches, is lieutenant governor. Mr. Archer and W. H. Wharton
and Austin were appointed commissioners to the United States to get a
loan of a million. The capital is moved to Brazoria. And Sam Houston
was made commander-in-chief of the armies of Texas, with rank of
major-general, and told to raise a regular army of ’leven hundred and
twenty men, like the regular army of the United States. Then some
thought of making Austin commander-in-chief, but it looked like he
could do better work in the United States. Anyhow, only one vote was
cast against Houston, so I reckon he’s all right.”

“Right!” exclaimed Dick, amidst a general hum of approval. “He’s a
soldier; he’s been trained in soldiering. And he’s as big inside as he
is outside. Austin’s got the pluck, but he hasn’t got the strength.
He’s the man for visiting the United States; but Houston’s the man this
kind of an army needs in the field. What was said about the volunteers?”

“Well, there was a committee report on us volunteers. It said no laws
had been passed to support us, but we ought to be treated so we’d stay
out till enough regulars had been raised to take our places.”

“Is Houston coming on, did you hear?”

“No; don’t reckon he is. He’s got to hustle ’round and raise that new
army. But we don’t need him, or the regulars either, do we? Jiminy,
you ought to see those New Orleans Grays, from the United States.
Two companies of fifty men each, all uniformed in gray and armed
with muskets given ’em by Texas. When one company passed through
Nacogdoches a lot of Chief Bowles’s Cherokees were there. The Injuns’
eyes stuck out and old Bowles wanted to know if these were ‘Jackson
men’ and if any more were coming. ‘Sure they are!’ said Mr. Sterne, who
was the Texas man that enlisted ’em in New Orleans. ‘How many more?’
asked old Bowles. ‘Count the hairs on your head,’ said Sterne. Every
Injun lit out of town as fast as he could go, and I reckon we won’t
have any trouble with those Cherokees!”

“Houston’ll hold ’em down, anyhow,” declared Dick. “How close are those

“Be here to-morrow,” answered Leo. “And I heard tell at San Felipe that
more volunteers are being enlisted in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,
Kentucky, and Ohio, and everywhere. There’s a Mississippi company right
behind the Grays, and also a company from East Texas.”

It certainly seemed good to have Leo in camp again. The next day the
Grays arrived――two companies, in natty gray uniforms, marching like
soldiers, and commanded by Captain Breese and Captain Robert Morris.
They were welcomed by rounds of cheers, and were assigned to a camping
spot. Following close arrived the Mississippi company, Captain Peacock;
and the East Texas company, Captain English; and a twelve-pounder

Things were looking more lively. To be sure, counting the reinforcements,
there were only 800 men; but every one appeared ready to oust those
Mexican soldiers from Bejar immediately. General Austin, too, had taken
heart; and from his headquarters, where he was obliged to stay much of
the time, ill and miserable, on this night of November 21 he issued the
orders that Bejar was to be stormed at three o’clock in the morning of
the 23rd.

So speedily the news spread through the camp that Ernest and Jim
heard it before they went to sleep; Leo heard it, and so did Sion;
practically everybody heard it, from their officers and other comrades.
San Antonio was to be captured at dawn, on the day after to-morrow!

“All right,” said Jim, sleepily. “I guess we can do it.”

Good old Jim! But Ernest had rather a hard time drowsing off. He
kept seeing the cannon and the soldiers shooting from the walls and
roof-tops of the Alamo and of Bejar; and hearing Jim Bowie describe
again how strong the fortifications were. However, these were no
thoughts for a Texas Volunteer. Maybe the job would not be so
difficult as was imagined. Those Mexicans didn’t aim very straight.
Anyway――heigh-yum. Orders were orders.

The next day opened with excitement and determination. One after
another the scouting patrols came riding in. They had been sent for
to join in the attack. Arms and other equipment were prepared; and
in little groups the men talked; some laughed and joked, others were
grave, but all seemed enthusiastic.

Then, along in the afternoon, a shadow seemed to pass over the busy
camp. Ernest sensed it; so did Jim; so did Sion and Leo. The men were
still determined, but the word was passed about that William Wharton,
the judge-advocate, and several other officers questioned whether it
was wise to storm the fortifications, quite yet――and that Sam Houston,
the new commander-in-chief, had written a letter advising against it.

“He says it’ll take two thousand men,” was the report. “He ought to
know――he’s a military man. Austin isn’t commander-in-chief any longer.”

“Maybe we ought to wait for him.”

“Maybe we ought to wait for more reinforcements.”

“If we’re going to wait, we needn’t wait in this place. I don’t want to
camp out in many more northers. I near plumb froze.”

“Those fellows make me tired,” complained Jim. “They’ve been itching
to fight and be done, and now they’re kicking. What do we care about
Houston and Wharton and the rest? We’ve got enough men to take Bejar.
Houston isn’t there and we are.”

Late that afternoon it was rumored that John W. Smith, an American
surveyor of Bejar, had smuggled out to General Austin a complete plan
of the fortifications in the town, and that Dr. James Grant, another
engineer, had pronounced them excellent as a guide.

In spite of the grumblings, the two divisions of the army were paraded
under arms and inspected, at sun-down; General Austin made a speech of
encouragement; and upon dismissal the company commanders were ordered
to turn their commands out before dawn and assemble them at the old
mill at three o’clock.

After the dismissal of the parade, another strange thing occurred. Sion
trudged over from his mess, in the dark, against orders, to debate the
matter with his two cronies. In fact, the whole camp was uneasy, and
sleeping not at all.

“Hello,” greeted Sion. “Say, did you fellows get asked by any officer
whether you’d attack Bejar or not?”

“We sure did,” responded Jim. “And we said ‘yes.’ But a lot of ’em
crawfished. I reckon we’re going, just the same.”

“I dunno,” opposed Sion, gloomily. “A lot of our fellows are on the
fence, too. They think maybe we’re in a little too much hurry――had
better wait a bit and make certain with more troops and cannon that
Houston’s collecting. If we got wiped out in this one scrimmage that’d
hold Texas for a while. Santa Anna’d simply smother what was left
of us, and we’d never have another chance. Well, I can’t stay. I’m
supposed to be where I belong, ready for three o’clock. See you in the
morning.” And he trudged away.

“Shucks!” muttered Jim. “Looks as if we were going to back water, after
all. Isn’t this the funniest army you ever were in?”

“I should say,” agreed Ernest――which was very true. “Wonder if they’re
the same in Leo’s company?”

“It _would_ be pretty hard on Texas families to have their men folks
killed and nothing gained,” mused Jim. “I guess I don’t blame some of
the troops for having two minds, now when it comes to the scratch and
the odds are so big against us. If we didn’t take Bejar――whew! For we’d
all fight till we were dead, that’s sure.”

Shortly after midnight Ernest was aroused from an uneasy sleep by
a fresh stir among the prone lines. This is what had happened:
Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Sublett, who now commanded their division,
the second (for Colonel Bowie was already under orders to take
dispatches to Goliad), had awakened General Austin, at headquarters,
and had told him that the majority of the second division were in
favor of postponing the attack. General Austin had sent for Colonel
Ed. Burleson, of the First Division, and inquired of him; and Colonel
Burleson had made a similar report.

Now Mr. Frank W. Johnson, the adjutant-general, was investigating
for the general, to make certain; he was inquiring among the company
officers. As the result, at three o’clock the companies, instead of
being paraded for the attack, were ordered to stay as they were. There
would be no attack. Colonel Burleson had offered to lead his division,
anyway――that is, as many as would follow him; and the New Orleans
Grays and the other United States volunteers were ready; but the Texan
volunteers――shucks, as said Jim.

Leo and Sion and Jim and Ernest gathered after breakfast and talked the
matter over. The whole camp was talking and arguing.

“You fellows in your division aren’t worth sour apples!” accused Leo,
hotly, of Sion. “First you wanted to fight, and now you don’t.”

“We aren’t any worse than you are in your division,” retorted Sion.
“Your colonel reported first. Burleson said he’d lead us――as many as
would go.”

“According to the tell,” spoke Jim, “there aren’t more than a hundred
of the Texan volunteers who _would_ go.”

“Well, I’d go,” asserted Leo. “But there are a lot of us fellows who
have our families to think of. We didn’t come here to be killed if we
could do just as much without being killed. We thought there’d be a
bigger army. I tell you, this is a serious proposition, to send only
eight hundred men, just volunteers, against a fort with plenty cannon
and upward of a thousand trained regulars.”

“This army’s figuring too close,” blurted Sion. “We’ve hung ’round here
so long that we’ve talked ourselves tired, and some of our best men
have gone home.”

“It’s pretty tough on General Austin,” proposed Ernest. “He’s about
sick over it――and he was sick anyway.”

“That’s so,” agreed they all. “First we were sore because he wouldn’t
let us attack Bejar, and now we won’t attack it when he tells us to!”

“He’ll have to leave us, anyway, and go to the United States,” remarked
Leo. “Expect he’d like to have finished this job first, though.”

This day a council of war was held, and was reported to have about
decided that if Bejar did not surrender before winter set in, the army
ought to be moved into winter quarters at Goliad, where there were
provisions and shelter. The next day, which was the 24th, a general
parade was ordered, at which General Austin made a farewell address.
He said that he was required by the Texas government to leave at once,
and visit the United States, to raise money for the Texan cause. But
he requested that his going should make no difference in the plans
against Bejar; he hoped that the army would stay right there, and press
the siege hard, until General Cos either surrendered or else was so
weakened that a short attack would end matters in a hurry.

He complained or scolded not by a word or gesture, did General Austin,
and the troops showed their love for him by volleys of cheers.

When he had finished, Adjutant-General Johnson called for all those men
who would pledge themselves to stay before Bejar until it was taken to
step forward. Forward stepped, at once, more than half the army: Jim
and Ernest, side by side, and Dick Carroll and almost all the Gonzales
and Colorado men; the Brazos companies; and over in the First Division
Sion, too (as Ernest wagered with himself), among the others.

Colonel Burleson was immediately elected commander to succeed General
Austin. On the morning after the parade and the farewell address
General Austin left for his home in San Felipe; thence to report to
Governor Smith and proceed with the two other commissioners to the
United States.

Everybody had confidence in General Burleson, and he had been
unanimously elected. But now the army did not seem to know what they
would like. Things were at sixes and sevens. Some of the men still
wanted to storm Bejar; others wanted to wait; others wanted to go home
until the regulars were organized. Even the volunteers from the United
States were dissatisfied, and claimed that Texas had called them in
under false pretences――they had been promised fighting and glory, and
they were getting nothing of the kind.

To be sure, on the next day, November 26th, there was a smart little
battle, by accident. About two o’clock in the afternoon Deaf Smith came
at a gallop into camp, with the alarm that he had spied Ugartechea, at
last, approaching Bejar from the other side, with a mule train of money
for the Mexican soldiers.

Now the camp woke up in a hurry; orders to “Fall in! Fall in!” echoed
right and left; there was a great scramble for guns and horses, and
everybody yelled “Ugartechea! All out to capture Ugartechea!” Away
sped Colonel Bowie with a troop――Deaf Smith guiding; and as fast as
they could the main army followed after, the New Orleans Grays and the
Mississippians under Captain Peacock being especially eager to show
what they could do.

When Ernest and Jim, in the Captain Dickinson company with the main
army, arrived near the place told of by Deaf Smith, the firing had
begun. Colonel Bowie’s troop already had charged, and the Mexicans were
fighting back from an arroyo, or dry stream-bed. A detachment of other
Mexicans were hastening out from Bejar, which was only a mile away; and
Colonel Bowie had been forced to turn and try to stop them.

It looked like quite a “scrimmage,” as Jim expressed.

“Forward, boys! Don’t let Bowie do it all,” urged young Captain

The horses broke into a gallop; the infantry into a run; and with wild
cheers forward raced the Texan army. But the Mexicans in the arroyo had
united with the rescuing party, and both were retreating for the town.

“They’ve left their pack-mules and panniers, anyhow,” panted Jim.
“We’ll get the treasure. Hooray!”

“Hooray! Hooray!” cheered all, riding, running, and firing.

The Mexicans were dropping; some of the fallen were picked up
and carried on; others were left; the retreat became a rout, and
helter-skelter the survivors gained, just in nick of time, the shelter
of the town. It was estimated that they had lost fifty killed, and
as many wounded. No one was killed, on the Texan side, and only two

“Who says we can’t take Bejar if we want to?” bragged Leo, as his
company joined with Jim’s and Ernest’s, and the horses puffed together.

“Toler’ble easy, toler’ble easy,” grinned Jim. “Reckon you and I and
Ernest and Sion could take it ourselves, some day when we were feeling
right pert.”

“But I didn’t see Ugartechea; did you?” demanded Ernest.

“No, Well see what’s in those mule panniers, though, I’d surely
admire to get a few _pesos_ to spend. Need it more than those Mexican

Hopes ran high, for the mule panniers (pairs of wicker baskets) looked
bulky. But when they were felt, by the officers, they felt suspiciously
soft; and when they were “hefted,” they felt suspiciously light. And
when one was opened, on the spot, it contained only freshly cut grass.

At camp was it found that they _all_ contained nothing but grass――forage
for the Cos horses. So the “Grass Fight” was this “scrimmage” dubbed,
and many were the jokes levelled at Deaf Smith.

“Shows that Cos is getting mighty hard up for fodder, anyhow,”
commented Leo, when the boys met in camp. “First he tried to get rid of
thirty horses, to save feed, and now he’s having to send out and cut

Despite such proof of the straits of the garrison in Bejar, the Texan
army continued rather disgruntled. The excitement over the Grass Fight
soon passed. Dr. James Grant headed a scheme to march down to Matamoros
in Mexico across the Rio Grande, and capture it, and continue on. Over
200 of the men agreed to enlist under him; they said that 150 others
were coming from the United States to join them on the way, and that
several thousand Mexican patriots were waiting to help. Jim and Ernest
talked the matter over, and decided that they’d “stick,” just the same.
Sion and Leo said they’d stick, too. But the Grant plan looked very

Then, on December 3rd, from Bejar arrived three more Americans. They
were Sam Maverick, and Mr. Holmes and John W. Smith, who, having
been prisoners all this time, had run the sentries and escaped.
They asserted that Bejar was ready to fall; the troops there were
pinched for supplies, and were so frightened that they couldn’t half
fight――didn’t want to fight, either. The way the Texans charged had
scared them half to death.

Great news was this; and when that night another council of war was
held at General Burleson’s tent, an assault seemed certainly being
planned, and daybreak of the next morning was rumored as the probable

Again the camp was stirred, and little sleep was possible.

“We’re going to attack at daylight!”

“Captain Dickinson says we’re going to attack at daybreak!”

“How do you know?”

“Well, that’s the tell.”

“Haven’t had any orders, have we?”

“Don’t need ’em. We’ll just r’ar up and fight and then eat breakfast.”

“Eat grass, you mean.”

They were going to fight. They _weren’t_ going to fight. Until Jim
growled to Ernest:

“Aw, blame it all! Let’s sleep first and then fight.”

The report passed around that volunteers were to be led in three
columns, guided by Deaf Smith, John W. Smith (the engineer), and Henry
Arnold. Nearly all night the light burned in the headquarters tent,
where sat the council of war. But with dawn, when the orders to advance
should have been given, instead there came the announcement that the
attack had been postponed once more! Henry Arnold, the guide, had
disappeared, and probably had deserted, to warn the garrison!

“Take Bejar anyway, and hang Arnold!” spread the angry cry.

“Traitor! The first Texas traitor!”

“Bejar! Bejar!”

“Boys!” called a Texan, striding rapidly through the Captain Dickinson
company’s camp, “it’s all off. We’re to quit and go into winter
quarters at Goliad. Get our orders this afternoon. I’ve just learned
that straight, and I _know_.”

Ernest and Jim stared at one another.

“Oh, thunder!” gasped Jim. “Quit, and squat some more? If it hadn’t
have been for that Arnold――――! Let’s find Leo and Sion.”

They found Leo and Sion, who had heard the same news.

“I’ll go to Matamoros, then,” vowed Leo. “Or else I’ll stay home. But
you can bet that I don’t sit in that Goliad all winter.”

They agreed on Matamoros; and many were the other protests, on every
side. But sure enough, at two o’clock in the afternoon the orders were
issued for the camp to break up and march on the back trail at seven
o’clock that evening. The siege of Bejar was to be raised.

Sullenly and regretfully the men went about their tasks of preparing
to leave――when suddenly, toward sun-down, Leo came running and excited
to where Ernest and Jim sat rebelliously putting last patches on their
boots, for the prospective journey.

“Hurry up!” bade Leo. “To headquarters, quick! Arnold’s back, and a
Mexican deserter, and there’s something going on. If you don’t get
there you’ll be too late.”

Away they dashed, following the generous Leo. Before the tent of
General Burleson a considerable crowd had gathered. Sion was there,
of course; and Dick Carroll, and Henry Karnes, and Captain Dickinson,
and Captain Travis, and many others. Colonel Milam could be glimpsed,
inside the tent, where voices were arguing.

“Arnold’s all right,” informed Sion. “He was just scouting ’round,
preliminary, and met up with that Mexican lieutenant deserting to us,
and fetched him along in. The lieutenant says Bejar is our meat――busted
wide open, and Cos can’t hardly hold his men together. And they don’t
suspect any attack.”

At that moment Colonel Milam abruptly stepped out, through the tent
flaps. He faced the crowd, and snatching off his wide-brimmed hat swung
it high.

“Who will go with old Ben Milam into San Antonio?” he shouted.



“Who will go with old Ben Milam into San Antonio?”

A murmur welling to an eager cry answered him.

“Form in line, volunteers,” was the order.

The crowd jostled into place. Other men came running. Ernest found
himself in line beside Jim; and somewhere, down the line, were, he felt
certain, Leo and Sion.

Colonel Milam, and Frank Johnson, the acting adjutant-general, passed
along, counting off the men. There were talking and laughing and
enthusiasm. General Burleson stood in the tent flaps, looking out,

“San Antonio for winter quarters! Not Goliad!” called several voices to
him. He smiled; evidently they all had his permission.

“Whom’ll you have for commander, boys?” asked Colonel Milam.

“You! You! Milam for commander! Ben Milam!”

And rose the shouts, widely repeated: “Milam! Milam!”

Captain Dickinson sprang to the front.

“All in favor of Ben Milam as commander to storm San Antonio step one
pace forward!”

Forward stepped officers and men.

“Reckon that’s unanimous,” laughed Captain Dickinson, saluting Colonel

“The volunteers who wish to form the force for an immediate entrance
into Bejar will meet this evening at dark at the mill, where
arrangements will be completed,” announced Colonel Milam. “You are now
dismissed. The officers will please remain.”

With a hearty cheer the ranks broke, and the men hastened to their
company quarters to spread the word and to make their preparations.

“We’re sure going to take Bejar this time,” exulted Jim, as he and
Ernest hurried back, amidst other figures likewise hurrying.

“We are if we can,” agreed Ernest, but not quite so dead certain.

“Aw, they can’t keep us out, if once we get in,” declared Jim. They
overtook Sion and Leo.

“You fellows in on this?”

“Well, I should say!” asserted Leo.

“Wouldn’t miss it for all Texas,” added Sion.

“That’s what it means――all Texas,” answered Jim. “So long. See you
later.” And they separated.

Already it was dusk; the time for the rendezvous at the old mill was
near. Jim and Ernest rapidly overhauled their guns and ammunition, and
stuffed some beef and bread into their pockets. Other volunteers were
doing likewise. The camp was in a fever of anticipation. Now nobody
hung back. The rank and file had been inspired by Ben Milam’s ringing
challenge. This sudden action had been just the thing needed.

“Come on. Let’s go,” urged Ernest, as he noted men, by twos and threes,
trudging away, well armed, for the mill.

“All right. I’m with you,” assented Jim. “No horses, I reckon. This is
a foot job.”

Equipped for service, they joined the crowd at the old mill, around
which camp had been established. Here they found Sion, with his long
Kentucky rifle.

“Where’s Leo?” asked Ernest. “Thought he was with you.”

“Naw,” said Sion. “They’ve taken him with that Alamo bunch. He’s sore,
too, but he had to go.”

“What bunch is that?” demanded Jim, alert.

“A battalion under Colonel Neill. They’ll make a feint on the Alamo
while we’re marching on the town. But they may have to do some
fighting, just the same. Leo’d a heap rather be with us, though.”

That was too bad. Still, a soldier must obey orders.

Men continued to gather, until there were 301, from half a dozen of the
Texas companies, and from the New Orleans Grays and Captain Peacock’s
Mississippians. They were told off into two columns, one under Colonel
Milam and the other under Adjutant-General Frank Johnson. Colonel
Franks, of the artillery, and Major Morris, who had been captain of the
Grays, were appointed aides to Colonel Milam; the General Johnson aides
were Colonel James Grant, the doctor and land owner of Coahuila, and
Colonel William T. Austin, who was a distant kin of Stephen Austin.

The Captain Dickinson men were assigned to the first column――and right
glad was Ernest to follow Ben Milam, although Frank Johnson was a good
fighter, too. After having been detailed off, the volunteers were
dismissed, with instructions to fall in again an hour before daylight,
without horses.

“Which column you fellows with?” queried Sion, as on the way back to
their beds he joined his two chums.

“We’re under Milam,” informed Ernest.

“Shucks!” deplored Sion. “I’m under Johnson but he’s all right. We’ve
got the Grays, and those Mississippians.”

“We’ve got English’s East Texans, and Henry Karnes, and the Gonzales
company,” retorted Jim. “Who are your guides?”

“Deaf Smith and John W. Smith,” answered Sion.

“Ours are Sam Maverick and Hendrick Arnold and John Cooke.”

“Guess they know the town,” said Sion. “But I’d rather have Deaf Smith
than anyone.”

“He’s no better than Karnes,” argued Jim.

“They’re both some scouts,” admitted Sion. “Well, I’m going to bed.
We’ll meet up in the morning, maybe. Or else in town.”

“So long,” bade Jim and Ernest.

At this stage of army life Ernest could go to sleep at almost any
time. He and Jim speedily rolled themselves in their blankets, and
without much ado caught at least forty winks; and forty winks only
did it seem to Ernest, when in the darkness and the chill of the hour
preceding dawn he was awakened by the word passed along the lines. He
and Jim quickly drew on their boots, donned coats and hats, belts and
ammunition, seized their rifles and were ready.

Coffee was served from the mess pots, and at the old mill the two
columns were formed by low orders. A number of crowbars were handed

It was reported that the Colonel Neill battalion, to make the pretense
of attacking the Alamo, had gone. General Burleson had agreed to hold
the reserve of the army in camp, in case that they might be needed in
the fight, or in case that the Mexicans might attempt a counter-attack
to cut the camp off, and seize it and the supplies.

The order to advance was given; and side by side, in silence, except
for the shuffle of feet on the moist turf, the two columns moved
forward through the misty murk, Colonel Milam and General Johnson, with
their aides, leading; and the guides ahead, aiming for the easiest and
surest approaches. Behind followed the Gonzales six-pounder and the
twelve-pounder cannon drawn by the artillerymen. The other six-pounder
had been taken by Colonel Neill.

On the right the Alamo slumbered in darkness. Presently, before, loomed
through the gloom the low walls of San Antonio. “Sentinela alerte!”
sang the sentinels.

“They’ll sing a different tune in a minute,” whispered Jim to Ernest.

“Shut up, there!” ordered a corporal. Jim chuckled.

The columns diverged, one from the other. The first column wended a
little to the right, the second column kept on to the left, and Sion
was gone with it.

A number of little Mexican huts were passed; the occupants did not
awake, and neither did their dogs. How quiet everything was! But the
east was graying, the gloom was thinning, and the day of December 5
was about to dawn. Ernest shivered with the suspense. Then――――

“Boom!” rolled a cannon shot, far on the left. And――“Boom!” again. The
heavy air jarred with the shock. Colonel Neill was attacking the Alamo!
Distant bugles pealed, calling the Alamo to arms; muskets, of the
sentries, began to speak; the uproar rapidly increased. Lights began to
appear in San Antonio.

“Hurry up, boys!” passed the word; and the column quickened its pace.

Now they were in a street, a straight, wide street bordered by the low
stone-and-plaster houses. Acequia Street, it was, according to report.
Sam Maverick and the other guides knew it well; it conducted through to
the main plaza. The General Johnson column had taken the next street on
the left――Soledad Street.

Ernest’s heart beat high. Were the Mexicans going to let them all march
right through? No! The town was thoroughly awake. Lights flickered
before; dogs barked furiously; voices of women and children called
shrilly; and “Whang!” spoke the musket of a sentry, in the direction of
the other column. “Crack!” answered at once a rifle. Deaf Smith, they
heard later, had shot the sentry dead. But bugles were sounding. The
town was alarmed at last.

Up came the cannon, hauled by the panting cannoneers; and back ran an
aide――Major Morris.

“Sappers to the front!” he shouted, tensely, waving his sword. “Break
into this house. Hurry up!”

To the house on the left side of the street hustled Henry Karnes and
the crowbar squad. The house stood on a corner, and occupied the block.
It was a large house.

“Get behind it, boys! Watch out for the cannon,” sped the cry; for
Deaf Smith and others who had been in the town had described how the
cannon in the main plaza and the military plaza were pointed down the
principal streets.

Into the cross-street scampered the column, deploying to cover the
plaza streets on either side, and keeping close in the shelter of the
house walls. There was a heavy report, and another, and through the
two streets swept a deluge of grape from the Mexican artillery; but it
swept without harm. Now all the town was aroused; the fight was on; and
in the distance sounded the attack on the Alamo.

Henry Karnes and his squad were fiercely plying their crowbars. The
stone walls were thick and tough, but the mortar flew in a shower of
dust and chunks. This was the rear of the house――Don Antonio de la
Garza’s house, said somebody. There was a stout wooden door here, but
no windows. The house was built in “=U=” shape, enclosing a court which
was shut from the street by a wall, of course, Mexican fashion. The
main entrance was on another side.

However, rear or front, who cared? With a warning cheer a second squad
came running, bearing a log battering-ram. It crashed against the
wooden door. Inside the house, women and children were shrieking. From
across Soledad Street, to the left, sounded the dull thuds of crowbar
and battering ram wielded by the Johnson column, who were breaking into
another house.

The de la Garza wall was crumbling; the door was trembling to the
crashing blows of the log.

“Listen to ’em, inside!” shouted Jim, in Ernest’s ear; and Ernest
nodded. That family were well frightened, and no wonder, with all this
clamor of bugles and shouting and cheering and bellowing cannon and
blows from crowbar and battering-ram.

Inward spun the door, wrenched from bar, lock and hinge; and a jagged
hole had appeared in the stone wall.

“In with you!” were the orders; and through doorway and hole dived,
pell-mell, the column. Breathless, but with not a man harmed, they
swarmed through the rooms.

The house was empty, but the couches were still warm from recent
bodies, and articles of wearing apparel were scattered here and there.
The family evidently had fled in their night garments.

“We certainly smoked ’em out,” remarked Jim, as he and Ernest were
borne onward by the rush of the men seeking positions.

It did not take long to occupy the house. Some doors had been locked as
the family fled, but these were battered down in short order. Window
shutters were pierced and loopholes hacked in the mortar, and squads
stationed at these, and on the roof. By the crackling, increasing fire
at the left, was it known that the Johnson column had broken into
the big house opposite, across Soledad Street; the house of Don Juan
Veramendi, former vice-governor of Coahuila and Texas, whose daughter
Jim Bowie had married!

Now gray daylight had arrived, and rifles were cracking ever more
briskly, as the Texans from their roofs and loopholes sought to pick
off the Mexican gunners at the street ends, and replied to the Mexican
musketeers on the other roof-tops. The reports from the direction of
the Alamo had lessened, as if Colonel Neill had withdrawn, after his
feint to distract attention from the attack on Bejar. The two cannon
brought into town also were silent. The twelve-pounder had been fired
once or twice and then had been knocked off its carriage by the Mexican
cannon; and the six-pounder could not be served without some sort of a
barricade to protect its gunners.

“Well, we’re in, anyhow,” asserted Jim, as with Ernest he peered
through their loophole, trying to find a mark. “We’ll just keep
burrowing along.”

“How far to the plazas?” asked Ernest.

“Not far. Only about a block, where that church tower is. Jiminy! See
the flag on it? Red flag! That means no quarter. But we don’t care.”

The low-ceilinged room was hazy with choking powder-smoke, and Ernest’s
eyes and throat smarted. The loophole did not seem very well located
for shooting, although in other rooms the men were busy.

“Let’s go up on top a minute,” he proposed.

“Go if you want to,” consented Dick Carroll, who with a partner
completed the squad here. “See as much as you can, while you have a
chance. But you’d better do some tall crawling and keep your heads

Away they scurried. A hole had been hacked in the ceiling, and
furniture piled under; and boosted by this they wormed up through to
the roof.

The roof was of flattened clay, and surrounded by a cement rim about
three feet high, like a parapet. Men were lying on their stomachs
behind the parapet, resting their guns on it, aiming, firing and
lowering their pieces to reload. Henry Karnes was here――cautiously
raising his red head to sight along his rifle barrel, and at the smart
recoil of his piece ducking down and hastily reloading.

“You’d best get down out of hyar,” he snarled, to the boys, as they
squirmed beside him. “It’s hotter’n a brass kettle at a dog feast!”

And that was true. Bullets from Mexican soldiery were droning close
above, like a swarm of angry bees. They were thudding upon the stones,
and knocking chips from the top of the parapet.

“I’m up here to see something,” blurted Jim, obstinately, wriggling so
as to get a view. He carefully lifted his head, until he could peep
over a low place. Not to be outdone, Ernest found another place, where
a bullet had scored a furrow.

The air was blue with the fumes of cannon and musket and rifle
discharge. Immediately before the parapet was a narrow street,
separating the de la Garza house from another smaller house. But that
roof had been cleared of Mexicans, had any occupied it. Further,
was the church tower, rising beyond the row of buildings facing the
plazas; the sun burst through the mists, and shone full on the red
flag of “No quarter.” Across the street to the left were the Johnson
sharpshooters, poking their rifle barrels over the parapet of the
Veramendi roof. The Veramendi house was a short distance nearer to the
main plaza than was the de la Garza house. From the roofs of the houses
right and left and before, on toward the plaza, belched the smoke from
the volleys of the Mexicans.

Crawling on their stomachs, over the legs of the men so as to keep
under the parapet, the boys made a half circuit of the roof. At one
spot they looked down into the court, where amidst flowers and fruits a
fountain played and where birds were twittering and fluttering, while
along the wall that completed the enclosure the riflemen were at work,
shooting at Mexican gunners.

“When this war’s over and Texas is free, and I grow up and get a wife,
and crops are good,” mused Jim, “I reckon I’ll have a _patio_ just like
this to sit in, nights and Sundays.”

“I’ll have one, too, and put my mother in it, I guess,” hazarded Ernest.

“She’d certainly admire to be put,” encouraged Jim. “But first――――” and
suddenly he ducked, with a howl.

“Are you hit, Jim?”

“No,” he grumbled, rubbing his eyes. “Some _hombre_ yonder pitched a
lot of dust into my face.” For a bullet had scraped along the parapet,
right under his nose. “Come on. Let’s go down. It’s too crowded up
here. Every good place has somebody lying on it.”

Back they went, through the hole, into the smoke.

The day passed, with the Milam column holding the de la Garza house
and the Johnson column holding the Veramendi house. Nobody could cross
Soledad Street, from house to house, because the Mexican cannon raked
it. Several men on the roof and at the loopholes were wounded, and were
sent to camp. From camp General Burleson forwarded supplies of food and

Finally dusk settled, and the constant fire slackened. Henry Karnes
and a force with the crowbars and with picks and spades that had been
found were set to work, after dark, at digging a trench across the
street; and made one deep enough so that men could dodge through, out
of sight, by stooping. Word was received that the Johnson division was
all right; had only one killed. The Milam division had nobody killed,
as yet. But Deaf Smith had been wounded, on the Veramendi roof, and the
firing had been so severe there that nobody had been able to stay up
long. Dr. Grant had been wounded, too.

Yes, Sion was alright. He sent word through the trench.

The digging of the trench had made the Mexicans very angry, and
throughout the night they hurled grape and canister at it. In the
morning the roof-tops fairly bristled with their musketeers; they had
cut many more loopholes, during the night, in the parapets, and had
transferred their artillery to better positions. The Alamo, also, was
hammering away with solid shot, bombarding the Texan end of the town
and the trail between town and camp.

Something must be done; unless the main plaza was won and the Mexicans
driven from this central stronghold, the Texans would soon be trapped
in crumbling walls. The main streets and the cross-streets were being
raked by the cannon; the only way to advance was through the houses.
Lieutenant Bill McDonald volunteered to lead a squad and break into a
small house, just across a narrow little street and kitty-corner to the
right. This he did, and lost not a man. Colonel Milam promptly sent
reinforcements to him, and thus the column was a step nearer to the

The trench to the Veramendi house was dug deeper and longer; and the
six-pounder and twelve-pounder were mounted behind barricades and used.
So the day passed.

The next day, in a lull at noon, Henry Karnes did a brave act. Straight
beyond the de la Garza house, and flanked on the right by the house
which Lieutenant McDonald had captured, was another small house that
ought to be taken. Henry Karnes the red-head dashed out, from the door
in the middle of the Garza house, into the yard of the small house,
drove the door from its hinges with his crowbar, and Captain John
York’s company of East Texans thronged in after him. The house was
exposed in a large yard; but now only a block, occupied by the great
Priest’s House, as it was called, lay between the column and main
plaza. The red flag flapping in the heavy, murky air, from the tower of
San Fernando church, was closer.

So far, so good; and hot work had it been, for the Mexican soldiers
shot shrewdly, battering every loophole in wall and parapet with
their musket balls and thundering away with their cannon. This day,
December 7, had been cold and rainy; dusk settled early. The trench,
connecting the de la Garza house and the Veramendi house, was to the
rear; directly across Soledad Street, from the small house, was a large
green door, of planks, into the court of the Veramendi house. Chancing
to peep out of the window where he was stationed, Ernest saw a figure
spring boldly from the trench, and lay hand upon the door to push it
back and enter. ’Twas Colonel Milam, himself, going over to confer with
General Johnson. But even as his hand touched the planks, there was
a volley of musket shots, and down plunged Ben Milam, in a crumpled,
motionless heap. The door swung in, but too late, and other hands
quickly dragged the colonel inside.

“Milam’s killed!” gasped Jim, at Ernest’s side. “They got him!”

“Did _you_ see it?” stammered Ernest. “Is he killed? Do you think he
is, Jim?”

“He’s gone! What’d he try that for, anyway?” wailed Jim. And he added,
furiously: “We’ll make those _hombres_ suffer for that!”

“They’ve been watching that door. They knew that was our way in,”
reasoned Ernest.

Milam killed! Ben Milam killed! Gallant Ben Milam! The word spread
amidst angry murmurs and threats. Soon, by the trench, arrived word
that dead he was――slain instantly by a musket ball through the head. He
was buried in the courtyard of the Veramendi house; and a council of
officers chose Adjutant-General Johnson to succeed him as the commander.

“Angel Navarro’s house! Now for Navarro the political chief’s house!
Let’s avenge Milam!” rose the cry.

The house of Jose Angel Navarro was across Acequia Street, on the
right, and so far toward the plaza that one corner, the southwest, gave
a view of the northeast corner of the military plaza itself. Volunteers
were picked from the companies of Captains York, Crane, English and
Llewyllen; into the darkness they bolted, crossed the street, and broke
through the house walls of Angel Navarro, the political chief who had
demanded the Gonzales six-pounder last September.

The Navarro house joined, behind, at the right, a row of single rooms
that fronted on the street running into the plaza. Zambrano Row,
was it styled, divided from the Navarro home by a solid partition.
Zambrano Row was full of Mexican soldiers; from the roof they crept to
the Navarro roof, and digging holes through shot down upon the Texans
in the Navarro rooms underneath. But this did not work well, for the
replies from the Texas guns were so sharp, that the soldiers scurried

“Clean out Zambrano Row, next. Then the Priest’s House,” remarked Dick
Carroll, grimly.

The first column had been doing most of the advancing, for the second
column, in the Veramendi House, were as far forward as they could
get. However, in the drizzle of the morning the New Orleans Grays
filed through the trench, eager to help, and joined with the Navarro
garrison, to take Zambrano Row.

What a tumult of shouts and cheers and groans and shots pealed through
doors and windows, as from within the Navarro house Henry Karnes and
his sappers plied their crowbars on the dividing wall, and made their
breaches into the rooms where awaited the Mexicans. Covered by the
rifles behind them, the Texans burst through the breaches, with their
knives and pistols drove the Mexicans out headlong; and clearing one
room, proceeded, by crowbar and battering-ram, into the next. Nothing
could stand before them. Right speedily Zambrano Row had fallen.

From the small house which had been taken by Henry Karnes alone, Ernest
and Jim and their comrades had listened with beating hearts. Suddenly
there ensued a lull, of only spattering shots――and rang a Texas cheer.

“One more step,” commented Jim, turning powder-grimed face upon Ernest.
“I don’t reckon there’s much furniture left over yonder, though.”

Fresh reinforcements were rushed across from the Veramendi House. Sion
was among them at last. At sight of him, peering about in the dimness,
the two boys rushed upon him, and shook hands vigorously.

“How are you? All right?”

“Up and coming, but my shoulder’s plumb sore from dad’s rifle,” panted
Sion. “This is toler’ble fighting, isn’t it! Four days! That was too
bad about Milam, though. Where’s Leo? Seen him?”


“He’s here. Followed right behind us, with some reinforcements from

“There he is!” cried Ernest. “Oh, Leo! Whoopee!”

They shook hands with Leo. He was more excited than they, although he
had the only clean face among them.

“What you-all been doing?” he demanded, eagerly. “You look like wrecks.
Where we going next? Am I too late for the fun? I came as quick as I
could. The general sent three more companies and I got in on one of
them――Captain Cheshire’s.”

“You’re just in time, boy,” vaunted Sion. “We’re going to take the
Priest’s House. Ugartechea’s slipped through you fellows scouts with
six hundred more soldiers, from down on the Rio Grande, and we’ve got
to finish up quick. Once we take the Priest’s House, we’ll be right on
the main plaza――and then watch those Mexican cannoneers hop!”

The Priest’s House occupied the block which, bounded on the right
by the Navarro House and Zambrano Row, on the left by part of the
Veramendi House and some smaller buildings, and behind by the Henry
Karnes house and yard and an intersecting street, fronted along the
middle of the main plaza.

“I’m in on that, then,” announced Leo. “If they call for volunteers
you’ll see me jump.”

“Same here,” proclaimed they all.

The great Priest’s House, the last stepping stone, was to be stormed at
ten o’clock this night, December 8. One hundred volunteers were asked
for by General Johnson. There were a few smiles and jokes when the four
boys boldly crowded forward――but, as Jim said, they hadn’t had a single
good chance yet in any of the special assaults, and they could “wiggle
through awful small holes.”

“Let ’em come,” spoke somebody; and they went.

Out from the Navarro house into the wet night they all plunged, across
the slippery stone pavement, and hurled themselves at the windows, door
and walls of the Priest’s House. This was the biggest fight of all. The
muskets of the Mexican soldiers belched a storm of fire and lead from
roof top and from windows; and the plaza cannon thundered fiercely.

Shoulder to shoulder the four pressed against the wall――fairly
held there by the streams of lead hissing past――while the crowbars
and picks and logs hammered at every fissure. Ernest felt a sudden
shock, followed by a sharp sting in his left arm; he staggered for an
instant――but Jim’s arm gripped his waist, and Sion and Leo yelled,
above the tumult:

“Ernest’s hit. Cover him. Don’t let him drop, Jim.”

“Never mind me. I can stand. Go ahead,” pleaded Ernest. The blood was
oozing through his coat, and running down his skin, inside.

“Here we go!” called Jim. “Hoist him in, quick!” The wooden shutter
in front of them had been splintered and torn open; and following the
heels of the first men, they scrambled through, half lifting, half
dragging Ernest.


In through door and windows and embrasures where the stones had been
unseated, piled all――all the 100. The Mexicans fled again, and at the
hearty cheers of victory reinforcements were immediately sent from the
Navarro House.

“Let’s see that arm,” bade Jim, of Ernest, as they paused, panting,
while shutters and door were being secured, and loopholes made.

“Huh! Only a flesh wound,” commented Sion, in tone of great relief.
“Who’s got a handkerchief?”

The Mexican ball had cut through the muscles, on the outside where the
arm joined the shoulder. It really did not leave much damage, but the
place hurt like sixty. Anyway, a wound it was, received in battle; and
while the boys were tying it up, with Jim’s handkerchief, over Leo’s
handkerchief as a pad, Ernest viewed it with considerable pride. Now he
was a veteran indeed.

“You can hold that little gun of yours with your right arm and pull
trigger,” advised Sion. “But if you had my old pea-shooter or Leo’s
scatter-gun, you’d be out of action. You’re lucky.”

However, for an hour or two yet the Mexican cannon boomed and the
muskets banged; but the noise gradually died away. When morning dawned,
and the Texan rifles attempted to search the exposed plaza, it was
empty save for the dead and the wounded. General Cos had retired all
his troops to the Alamo; only the red flag still flapped defiance.

About half-past six there was a great cheering; a Mexican officer
had come in with a white flag, to ask for terms. He said that the
soldiers, and the refugees from the town, in the Alamo, had mutinied;
there were not enough provisions; and 500 of the reinforcements under
General Ugartechea were convicts, chained together so that they would
not run away! In fact, he was rather disgusted.

“Haul down that no-quarter flag, then!” swelled the cry. Out into the
street fronting the two plazas darted volunteers, mounted into the
tower of San Fernando church, which stood between the plazas, tore the
red flag from its staff, and floated the Dodson “Lone Star” flag of the
Harrisburg company.

Word of the surrender was sent back to General Burleson. Now everybody
might lounge at ease, while keeping a careful watch upon any movement
in the Alamo. General Burleson and his staff and an escort of cavalry
rode into town; and by two o’clock in the morning of the next day,
December 10, the articles of surrender were completed and signed.

General Cos and his officers gave their parole or word of honor not to
engage again in any struggle to oppose the constitution of 1824, and
they were permitted to retain their arms and personal belongings. The
convicts of General Ugartechea were to be removed beyond the Rio Grande
River. All the army, except the wounded and such soldiers as wished to
remain as private citizens, in Texas, were to be marched away within
six days.

In the fighting the two Texas columns had suffered only two killed and
twenty-six (including Ernest) wounded. General Cos was said to have
lost 100, 200, perhaps 300 men, by bullets, and others by desertion.
At any rate, out of the 1400 soldiers gathered in the Alamo, only 1105
left with him. And he surrendered twenty-one cannon, 500 muskets, and
much ammunition.

“Whew!” sighed Sion. “That certainly was a beautiful time! How’s your
arm, Ernest?”

“All right,” declared Ernest, proudly.



So on December 14 General Cos and Colonel Ugartechea, with their 1105
soldiers including the 500 convicts, took the one four-pounder that was
allowed them and marched south, for Laredo across the Rio Grande, there
to send their reports to Santa Anna.

Now there was not a Mexican soldier left in Texas, and things looked
pretty good. All the settler volunteers were anxious to go home, to
spend Christmas with their families and friends, and to attend to their
business. Santa Anna, the reports said, was still down in the interior
of Mexico, at San Luis Potosi, a thousand miles away, preparing for a
campaign in person; but he could not arrive for several weeks, at the
least, and the news of how General Cos had been wiped out ought to make
him yet more cautious. All the south border and the west border of
Texas were held against him. Consequently, this was the time for taking
a rest at home and for winter ploughing.

To a few of the citizen soldiers the proposed breaking up of the army
did not seem wise. Dick Carroll opposed it; Captain Dickinson also was
a little dubious――although he much wished to get back to his wife, and
a baby that had arrived. Captain Travis, too, thought that the troops
should remain under arms, and the enlistments should be pushed, to be
ready to oppose the next Mexican force.

But on December 15, the day after Cos marched out. General Burleson
himself left for his home in East Texas, and took with him a crowd of
other East Texans.

“I’m going,” proclaimed Leo, to his chums. “Aren’t you?”

“Sure, I’m going,” answered Sion. “Got to put in some corn, and help
celebrate Christmas.”

“Same here,” announced Leo.

“Guess I will, too. Most the Gonzales men are,” said Ernest. “But if
Santa Anna doesn’t wait for us, what’ll we do then? We’ll have to

“Shucks!” scoffed Leo. “Santa Anna’ll think twice, now, when he hears
how just a few of us licked Cos’s regulars out of Bejar. I reckon after
I get home I’ll join that Matamoros expedition. When we’re invading
Mexico Santa Anna’ll have all he can do there, without trying to come
in here again.”

“Most those United States volunteers are going to stay on the border,
anyway,” reasoned Sion. “That’ll give us other fellows a chance to
catch up at home.”

“Besides, Sam Houston’s raising a regular army. That’s why he was
elected commander-in-chief,” added Jim. “There’ll be five thousand
Texan regulars ready for Santa Anna. Somebody’s got to plant corn to
feed ’em.”

Immediately after General Burleson left, the army broke up. By
companies and by squads the settlers rode and marched for their
homes. The New Orleans Grays and the Mississippians and all the other
volunteers from the United States, about 400, remained at Bejar; and
so did sixty Texans. Acting Adjutant-General Johnson was in command;
Colonel Neill was his second.

The home-going of the rest was a free and easy trip. The four boys
cantered together (for Sion had picked up a horse, at last); and
Ernest, his arm in a sling, felt like a veteran returning from the
wars. He not only had fought, but had bled for Texas and liberty.

At Gonzales Ernest stopped; he was home. But the three others would
not stop a minute; that is, no longer than to eat, and freshen their
horses. So, after dinner, they all shook hands with him.

“If you get down my way, light and come in,” bade Leo, as he swung on
his horse. He had the furthest to go. “I reckon we’ll meet up in the
spring, anyhow, if those Mexicans get runctious.”

“Oh, well see you before that,” asserted Jim and Sion, in turn, to
Ernest. “You’ll be over to the river [by which they meant the Colorado]
or we’ll be in here.”

“Next time we’ll all be fighting under Sam Houston, maybe,” hazarded

“I certainly’d admire to pitch in and help him lick Santa Anna,”
admitted Leo――who of late had appeared to think considerable of the
general. “There’d be tall doings. When Houston takes the warpath you’ll
know where to find _me_. So long.”

“Same here,” added Jim and Sion. “So long, _amigo_ [friend]. Good luck.
See you later.”

“So long, boys,” replied Ernest. “See you later, sure.” And away they
galloped, with a whoop of joy. They waved their hats at him, from the
trail, and presently they were out of sight. What fine fellows they
were! For an instant there rose a little lump in his throat, and he
felt lonesome.

However, it was no time to be lonesome. A merry Christmas, of double
celebration, was near; crops were to be put in; and here at Gonzales,
after the excitement of the campaign, much news was to be gathered, of
the progress in forming the state government and the army. As for the
arm, it soon healed, leaving a splendid scar for record.

General Houston himself had spread the word for all the returned
volunteers to plough their fields and plant their corn, so that there
might be an abundant crop for the next year. Texas was liable to need
every ounce of food; and to have this food in readiness was a part of
the coming campaign. After Christmas Dick Carroll and Ernest cleared
and ploughed forty acres, and so did most of the other Gonzales people;
“forty acres in corn” was the new war cry.

There arrived in Gonzales a proclamation signed by Sam Houston,
major-general of the army of Texas. It was issued, date of December 12,
from his headquarters at Washington on the Brazos, fifty miles above
San Felipe, and called for the immediate formation of a regular army
of 1200 men, and for a larger volunteer army.

    To all who will enlist [it said, speaking of the regular army]
    for two years or during the war, a bounty of twenty-four
    dollars and eight hundred acres of land will be given.
    Provision has also been made for raising an auxiliary volunteer
    corps to constitute part of the army of Texas, which will be
    placed under the command and subject to the orders of the
    commander-in-chief. The field for promotion will be open. The
    terms of service will be various. To those who tender their
    services for or during the war will be given a bounty of six
    hundred and forty acres of land; an equal bounty will be given
    to those who volunteer their services for two years; if for one
    year a bounty of three hundred and twenty acres.

It promised the rights of citizens to all persons, from the United
States and from Mexico, who would “unite with the people in defending
the republican principles of the Constitution of 1824”; and it

    The services of five thousand volunteers will be accepted. The
    1st of March next, we must meet the enemy with an army worthy
    of our cause, and which will reflect honor upon freemen. Our
    habitations must be defended; the sanctity of our hearths and
    homes must be preserved from pollution. Liberal Mexicans will
    unite with us. Our countrymen in the field have presented an
    example worthy of imitation. Generous and brave hearts from a
    land of freedom have joined our standard before Bexar. They
    have by their heroism and valor called forth the admiration of
    their companions in arms, and reflected honor on the land of
    their birth. Let the brave rally to our standard.

“Sounds just like Houston,” remarked Dick Carroll. “Now if anybody in
Texas thinks we’re through with Santa Anna, let him read this hyar
proclamation. He says in it that ’cording to dispatches that have been
captured, Santa Anna’s assembling ten thousand troops ag’in us. March
first? We’re likely to be waked up before March first. And as for that
Matamoros expedition, I don’t believe it will work. You can’t depend
on the Mexican people helping any invasion. Look what happened down at

For when, this December, one General Jose Antonio Mexia, a Mexican
officer opposed to Santa Anna’s rule, had disembarked a company from
New Orleans at Tampico, on the Gulf Coast of Mexico, the citizens,
instead of helping him, had cried “Hurrah for Santa Anna! Death to the
strangers!” and twenty-eight of the party had been imprisoned and shot.

Ernest was very ready to enlist in the army called for by General
Houston. Of course, he was only a boy; but he had been a soldier
volunteer, and now if they thought he was too young to carry a gun in
the regular army, he could at least be a drummer-boy――or something.
However, the Gonzales people generally appeared not at all concerned.
The men were busy and were enjoying their homes; they had threshed the
Mexicans several times and had driven them all out of the country, and
upheld the constitution of 1824, and this was enough for the present.
So let those fellows who liked army discipline and who were not needed
at home, go ahead and enlist; and let the other fellows with crops and
families depending on them take things easy until the real call came.
In fact, everybody expected somebody else to do the joining.

Nevertheless, at his headquarters in Washington on the Brazos, General
Houston was doing the best that he could, to hurry matters along.
James W. Fannin, the Georgian, had been appointed by the General
Council colonel of the regular artillery. He also was appointed by
General Houston inspector-general of the army. Colonel James Neill,
and David Macomb, who had been the assistant adjutant-general, were
the lieutenant colonels. Captain William Travis was appointed a major.
Colonel Philip Sublett, who had commanded one of the divisions at the
old mill camp before Bejar, was appointed the colonel of the regular

Captain Travis preferred not to serve in the artillery, and was made
the lieutenant colonel of the cavalry, and Colonel Frank W. Johnson,
who had commanded the columns in Bejar after the death of Ben Milam,
was put in his place in the artillery. Colonel Sublett resigned, and
was succeeded by General Edward Burleson, whom everybody knew.

The regular army was to consist of 1120 men, divided into a regiment of
infantry and a regiment of artillery: composed part of actual regulars
enlisted for two years, and part of “permanent volunteers” enlisted to
serve until the end of the war. All were to be under the regulations
and pay adopted by the army of the United States.

There was to be a corps of 168 Rangers, attached to the regular army,
but to enlist for one year and to serve only when called upon; a kind
of scouts. They were to receive pay, when on duty, of $1.25 a day;
to furnish their own horses and arms and supplies, and to be “always
ready armed and supplied with one hundred rounds of powder and ball.”
Three-legged Williamson was elected major, commanding. This Ranger
service looked rather attractive to Ernest.

But there also was the volunteer cavalry, under the gallant Captain,
now Lieutenant-Colonel, Travis. Whoever followed William Barret Travis
would certainly have excitement. The cavalry were to number 384 men,
were to be armed with broad-swords and pistols, and double-barrelled
shot-guns and smooth-bore yagers, half and half; and were to be
“subject to regular discipline and the rules and articles of war.” For,
said Lieutenant-Colonel Travis, “a mob can do wonders in a sudden burst
of patriotism or passion, but cannot be depended on as soldiers for a
campaign.” The pay was to be the United States cavalry pay, and there
was to be a uniform of cadet-gray blouses and trousers, with yellow
bullet buttons; fur caps, high black collars, and cowhide boots! This
cavalry seemed the best of all.

And there was a corps of 5000 “auxiliary volunteers,” to enlist for
three months or more, and be under the army regulations. An “Army of
Reserve for the Protection of the Liberties of Texas” also was being
talked of, to be recruited in the United States by the patriotic Judge
T. J. Chambers, of Texas. Governor Smith advised a corps of engineers.
Everybody between the ages of sixteen and fifty was invited to help
form companies of home militia.

Colonel Fannin was stationed at Velasco, on the Gulf in Leo’s country,
to open a recruiting station and to receive volunteers from the United
States. Lieutenant-Colonel Travis was stationed on recruiting service
at San Felipe. Colonel Jim Bowie was at Goliad. But out of all these
plans very little resulted. General Houston’s proclamation even
seemed to have scarcely any effect. The volunteers from the United
States――from Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee――continued to
arrive; but they said that they had not come to serve in any regular
army. They had come to fight and to be subject to their own officers,
and the majority opposed enlisting in the Texas army for even three
months. By the middle of January, 1836, the regular army numbered
scarcely fifty men; and taking volunteers and all, the great majority
were from the United States.

Truly, General Houston was having a discouraging time with these
independent Texas settlers.

To make matters worse, Colonel Fannin, at Velasco, and Dr. Grant, at
Bejar, were determined upon the invasion of Mexico by way of Matamoros.
General Houston did not favor this; there were not troops enough, and
the Mexican people could not be relied upon, and Texas would do better
to protect itself, rather than send all its soldiers into the enemy’s
country. But the General Council supported the scheme, the volunteers
were eager to be doing something, Dr. Grant promised them much booty,
among the Mexican towns and ranches, and Colonel Fannin was authorized
by the council to collect men, raise funds, elect officers, and march
on Matamoros.

Dr. Grant took all the United States volunteers, including the New
Orleans Grays, from Bejar, and most of the supplies, and set out to
join Colonel Fannin. This left only sixty men in Bejar――and General
Santa Anna, with thousands of Mexican cavalry and artillerymen, was
already at Saltillo, and General Cos was awaiting him at the Rio Grande
River itself!

General Houston had ordered Colonel Bowie, at Goliad, to lead the
expedition against Matamoros, if he thought the scheme was likely to
succeed; he felt that he could depend upon Jim Bowie, who knew that
country. But the council, by appointing Colonel Fannin, had overruled
these orders. Colonel Fannin claimed that the council and not the
general of the army was his commander now. So he went ahead with his
preparations, and all the impatient volunteers from the United States
gathered to his summons. Colonel Frank Johnson, too, was directed by
the council to join the expedition and help form it. From Bejar he
proceeded through Gonzales to San Felipe; and now Lieutenant-Colonel
Neill was left on the frontier with only sixty men and no supplies.

Thus defied by the council and by his own inspector-general and the
commander of the artillery, General Houston was in a sad fix. This
would never do, in any army. Lieutenant-Colonel Neill wrote a letter
protesting alarmedly at the condition in Bejar. And referring the
letter to Governor Smith, General Houston likewise protested.

He said that the army was in confusion; the soldiers who had been
wounded in the battles were being neglected, while without the
authority of the commanding officer supplies were being diverted from
them and sent elsewhere. As for himself, he was ready to obey orders,
if only Texas might be saved.

    Within thirty hours [he said] I shall set out for the army,
    and repair there with all possible dispatch. I pray that a
    confidential dispatch may meet me at Goliad, and, if I have
    left, that it may pursue me wherever I may be.

    No language can express my anguish of soul. Oh, save our poor
    country!――Send supplies to the wounded, the naked, the sick,
    and the hungry, for God’s sake! What will the world think
    of the authorities of Texas? Prompt, decided, and honest
    independence is all that can save them and redeem the country.
    I do not fear,――I will do my duty.

                        I have the honor, etc.,
                                                      SAM HOUSTON.

Governor Smith was angry, too. He ordered General Houston to take
command, to locate his headquarters at Bejar or some other post on
the western frontier, and to begin a campaign. That would occupy the
troops and defend Texas. He wrote a letter to the council also, hotly
reproving them for interfering with the commander-in-chief, and for
encouraging officers to disobey his instructions.

When General Houston arrived at Goliad, he found that almost the whole
of the army, being mainly the volunteers from the United States, were
assembled down here on the Gulf Coast, ready for the Matamoros march.
Colonel Fannin had been elected their colonel, and Major William Ward,
of the Georgia volunteers, their lieutenant colonel. Lieutenant-Colonel
Frank Johnson claimed that by the appointment of the council he was
the rightful commander. Dr. Grant, another commander, had passed on,
after stripping the Goliad post of its horses. But General Houston, in
a speech at Goliad and at Refugio nearby, assured the volunteers that
by the direction of the governor he himself was here to be the leader
in whatever was done――although he was sure that any invasion of Mexico,
now, would result in only defeat and death to all concerned.

Listening to the advice of Sam Houston, many of the volunteers decided
not to go to Matamoros unless he favored it. Lieutenant-Colonel
Johnson’s force for the march overland dropped to only sixty, and he
did not go. Colonel Fannin was not able to sail from Velasco, and
instead garrisoned Goliad. Dr. Grant remained out on the prairies
to the westward, collecting more horses. The soldiers were very
discontented, being without money and supplies.

After having done the best that he could, General Houston learned that
the council had suspended Governor Smith, on account of the letter that
he had written to them, and had appointed Lieutenant-Governor Robinson
to serve in his place until the next convention met, on March 1. So
back north to Washington on the Brazos hastened Sam Houston, now well
discouraged. The army were presumed to make their winter quarters at
Refugio, near Goliad in the south.

In the United States Stephen Austin, Dr. Branch T. Archer, and Mr.
William H. Wharton, the Texas commissioners appointed by the convention
of last November, were busily obtaining loans of money for the Texas
government, with which supplies were being bought. This was one bright

       *       *       *       *       *

Such was the news as received in Gonzales, by the columns of the San
Felipe weekly _Telegraph_, and by letters and word of mouth. Indeed,
what with the disputes among the army officers, the quarrel between
the governor and the council, and the opposition to General Houston
himself, as commander-in-chief, things, to Ernest (trying his best to
understand), looked black for Texas. He was glad that the Matamoros
expedition was given up, for Leo probably would have joined and have
been killed. But here was Texas at helpless sixes and sevens――and
General Santa Anna, according to reports, was at Saltillo, preparing to
march with a great army against the “rebels.”

Bejar surely would be among the first places attacked. Lieutenant-Colonel
Neill was there, with scarcely 100 men to man it and the Alamo and to
support the twenty-four cannon. He had sent for help. Near the close of
the third week of January, this 1836, had ridden into Gonzales, from
Goliad sixty miles south, Colonel James Bowie, and Colonel Bonham, the
South Carolinan, with a handful of recruits.

“Where you going, Jim?”

“To Bexar. Neill’s asked again for help. He tells headquarters that
a thousand Mexicans are coming to attack him. The general’s sent us
with orders for him to blow up the place and to pull out with all his
artillery. We can’t raise troops enough to defend it. Captain Dimitt
has orders to follow us from Goliad with one hundred men if he can get
them, but I don’t believe he can. It’s a shame, gentlemen; a shame on

And away rode the courtly James Bowie and the gallant James Bonham.
Ernest and Gonzales never saw them again.

By courier through Gonzales, Lieutenant-Colonel Neill replied to
General Houston that as he had no oxen or mules with which to drag his
cannon, he could not obey the orders, and would hold his post, in hopes
of reinforcements.

“He’ll stay; so will Bowie and Bonham!” groaned Dick Carroll, who
was ill in bed, to Ernest. “And they’ll fight to the death. They’ll
never surrender. After winning Bejar, we’ll lose it. If I was only on
my feet――――! Meanwhile, ’stead of sending reinforcements, Texas is
fighting amongst itself, and at the same time depending on Sam Houston.
But what can Houston do――a general without an army to obey him, or a
government to help him. Travis and Bowie and Bonham and a few others
are about all the friends he seems to have, aside from the governor,
who’s a governor no longer.”

Ten days passed, marked by more rumors, and by another courier bearing
through Gonzales an appeal from Lieutenant-Colonel Neill to the
government for help. Then, at the last of January, appeared in Gonzales
William Barret Travis, for Bejar with thirty horsemen.

“Who’s for Bexar?” he challenged, hotly. “What’s the matter with you
Texans? Are you Gonzales people just as cold-blooded as the rest of the

“Where’s your regular army, colonel?” retorted somebody.

Lieutenant-Colonel Travis threw up his hand with a gesture of despair.

“The regular army!” he cried. “I’ve been on recruiting service for
weeks. So has Fannin; so has Rusk. The whole regular army doesn’t
number a hundred men. Since I received orders to march to the relief of
Bexar I’ve worked day and night to get regulars, volunteers, anybody;
and at San Felipe and at Burnam’s on the Colorado I’ve raised only
thirty men――twenty-six of ’em regulars, and four of ’em volunteers. I
had more, but they deserted, with their horses and outfit. Boys, I’m
discouraged. The country seems exhausted, or else won’t fight. We’ve
a few patriots, but they’re about worn out. They can’t do everything.
I haven’t slept, and I’ve pledged my own money. The governor’s been
deposed, and nobody will follow Sam Houston――the best man who’s yet
thrown in with Texas. Looks to me as if we were counting on the United
States to fight our battles for us. But I’m going to Bexar if I have
to go alone. It’s the key to Texas, and I, personally, shall never
surrender it.”

He took Captain Dickinson and Captain Albert Martin and two or three
other Gonzales men with him among his volunteers, and rode on. He never
came back; and came not back Captain Dickinson. Ernest would gladly
have gone with his captain, but he could not leave Dick.

January merged into February. General Houston was reported to have
been forced out of his commandership, and to have gone on a mission
to make a treaty with the Cherokee Indians in Texas. The regular army
was a failure; and the majority of the volunteers, about 400 (most
of them from the United States) were with Colonel Fannin at Goliad.
Lieutenant-Colonel Travis, Colonel Bowie, Colonel Bonham, and Captain
Dickinson (who had been reappointed as lieutenant in the regular
service) were still at Bejar. Captain Dickinson had sent for his wife
and baby to join him and visit relatives there. Lieutenant-Colonel
Neill passed through Gonzales on his way home, sick. He had left Travis
in command of about 150 men――far, far too few.

For the Mexican soldiery were marching north. Reports from
Lieutenant-Colonel Travis said that he was in command of the regulars
and cavalry, and Colonel Bowie of the volunteers. But General Sesma, of
the Mexican army, he reported, certainly had arrived at the Rio Grande
River and joined General Cos, with 2000 men.

    We are illy prepared for their reception [ran his appeal to the
    helpless Governor Smith], as we have not more than one hundred
    and fifty men here, and they are in a very disorganized state.
    Yet, we are determined to sustain it as long as there is a man
    left, because we consider death preferable to disgrace, which
    would be the result of giving up a post which has been so
    dearly won, and thus opening the door for the invaders to enter
    the sacred territory of the colonies. We hope our countrymen
    will open their eyes to the present danger, and wake from their
    false security. I hope all party dissensions will subside, and
    that our citizens will unite in the common cause and fly to the
    aid of the frontier.

    I fear it is useless to waste arguments upon them. The thunder
    of the enemy’s cannon――the cries of their famished children and
    the smoke of their burning dwellings will only arouse them.

    For God’s sake, and for the sake of our country [implored the
    brave Lieutenant-Colonel Travis], send us reinforcements. And
    he added:

    With two hundred men I believe this place can be maintained,
    and I hope they will be sent as soon as possible. Yet, should
    we receive no reinforcements, I am determined; and should
    Bexar fall, your friend will be found beneath its ruins.

Colonel Bowie had written, too; and Lieutenant-Colonel Neill had
brought word in person. What could 150, or 200 men, do against 2000?
But scarcely had the appeals from Bejar been published in the San
Felipe _Telegraph_, when on the night of February 26 a dispatch rider
again galloped, horse afoam, into Gonzales. He bore a message from
Bejar to the alcalde or anybody else in authority.

                                              COMMANDANCY OF BEXAR,

                                   Feb. 23, 3 o’clock P.M., 1836.

    _To Andrew Ponton, Judge, and the Citizens of Gonzales_:

    The enemy in large force is in sight. We want men and
    provisions. Send them to us. We have 150 men and are determined
    to defend the Alamo to the last. Give us assistance.

                             W. B. TRAVIS, Lieut.-Col., Commanding.

    P. S.――Send an express to San Felipe with the news, night and




Aroused by the clatter of hoofs in the street, while he and Dick were
getting ready for bed, Ernest had rushed out, curious, for now every
hurrying horseman carried a fresh alarm.

Having delivered the message, the dispatch-bearer was sitting his
horse in the gloom-enshrouded main plaza, and repeating his story
to an ever-increasing group of citizens around him. Captain John W.
Smith, the civil engineer of Bejar, who had guided Sion’s column to
the attack, and now had taken up residence at Gonzales, was there; and
Jacob Darst and others.

“They came on us all of a sudden [was saying the courier]; first their
advance guard, of nigh a thousand, on the twenty-second, driving in
before them a couple of our scouts. We’d just time to evacuate for the
Alamo, taking along what cattle we could pick up on the way, and some
of the women and children. Dickinson managed to grab his wife and baby
from the doorway of a house where they were staying and carry them on
his saddle. We worked all night arranging things in the Alamo, for we
hadn’t men enough to hold both places; and on the next day the whole
Mexican army appeared――two thousand more infantry and cavalry, with
Santa Anna himself. Travis sent me out with word to Gonzales, and
Colonel Bonham’s gone on south for Fannin at Goliad.”

“Will Travis stay?”

“You’re right he will! He can’t be budged――the bravest, pluckiest man
in Texas. And Bowie’s there, and Davy Crockett.”

“What! Davy Crockett the Tennessee hunter?”

“Yes, sir; the same. Davy and his rifle Betsy. He got in about two
weeks ago, from Nacogdoches, with a dozen other Tennesseeans, all
hankering to help Texas fight for liberty. But there’ll have to be
other reinforcements. Fannin may try. Whether he’ll get through I don’t
know. The trail in from the east is still open. Who’ll go――and who’ll
carry the news on to the government?”

“I will,” spoke a voice. Twas that of Dick Carroll, who, buttoning his
clothes, had followed Ernest. “I’m too weak to fight, boys――I’ve been
sick, you know; but I can ride. If I don’t get through, Ernest will.
Come on, lad; saddle up.”

Without waiting for any answer, he hurried off to the corral. Ernest at
his heels.

They quickly buckled the bridles and slapped on the saddles, speaking
scarcely a word.

“Finish, and bring the horses,” bade Dick. “Get our fixin’s from the
house. I want to see Ponton and that message. Meet me in the square.”

He hastened away through the darkness. Ernest cinched the saddles, ran
to the house and got the rifles and ammunition, coats and blankets; and
on Duke, leading Dick’s horse, trotted to the square.

Throughout the town lights were glimmering in windows, men and women
were stirring, and in the plaza the crowd was larger. The heavy air was
full of fear and excitement. But Dick was waiting; he seized the bridle
of his horse, as Ernest came up, and vaulted into the saddle.

“Ready?” he uttered, tersely. “We’re off, then.” And with touch of spur
he broke his horse into a trot. Ernest drew beside him.

“We’ll make through to Burnam’s,” he said. “Change horses; make San
Felipe, and I reckon one of us’ll have to go on up to Washington and
find Houston.”

“I’ll do it, Dick,” promised Ernest. “You’ve been sick.”

“I know you will. If I wasn’t so all-fired weak, I’d be for the Alamo.
Smith is collecting volunteers. They’ll leave in the morning.” He
groaned. “Oh, what’s this country coming to? The state without a
governor――or with two of ’em, rather. The council and the people
divided. Sam Houston without a command――a regular army of sixty or
seventy, they say, and no officers or supplies; rest of ’em mainly
volunteers from the States――four hundred with Fannin at Goliad, a
hundred and thirty with Johnson and Grant at San Patricio, and only a
hundred and fifty regulars and volunteers thrown together at Bejar.
Houston sent to treat with the Injuns, when he ought to be right on
the spot. And the convention, to set things right, not due till March
first, and three thousand Mexicans already across the border, to sweep
the state. If those fellows would only get out of the Alamo while they
have a chance. They could take to the timber and fetch off some of
their artillery, too.”

“Don’t you think they will, Dick?”

“Travis? And Bowie, and Bonham, and Dickinson and Crockett? No! They
don’t know the meaning of retreat. They’ll wait for Fannin. Maybe he’ll
cut through, if he can move his baggage; but I doubt it. He’ll have a
hundred miles to cover and Santa Anna’ll be watching for him. Same with
Grant and Johnson. If the boys can hold out, they’ll get reinforcements
from the east. The Gonzales batch will likely make it――but they’ll be
only a few. Most of the settlers are scattered at their homes. They’ll
wake, and they’ll wake too late. _Darn_ ’em! Darn us all!”

“But Sam Houston’ll go,” proffered Ernest, hopefully.

“What can he do alone? The council’s ag’in him and the governor, and
the people don’t know which to trust. All sorts of stories are afloat.
The convention’s got to settle matters. You’ll see, though, how quick
they’ll all turn to Sam Houston, with Santa Anna at their doors. Once
let the convention give him authority again, and he’ll act, he’ll act.
Just now he’s only a delegate from Refugio, waiting orders. But if he
gets ’em, and the Texas people will obey him, he’ll save Texas yet.”

Occasionally hoping and despairing, all night they rode, and at dawn
reached Burnam’s on the Colorado. While from here the alarm was carried
north and south along the river, they drank, ate, rested a couple
of hours, and on fresh horses rode for San Felipe, although other
messengers had volunteered.

“No. Go to Gonzales, every one of you,” urged Dick.

They arrived at San Felipe with Dick fagged and barely able to sit the
saddle. Ernest, tough and young and well, staggered as he dismounted
and helped his partner off. It had been a hard ride――the last stretch
the hardest of all.

They found San Felipe well-nigh emptied of its able-bodied men;
those not out in the fields had gone up to Washington, where the
convention of March first already was gathering. The quarrel between
the governor and the council was to be settled; and it was rumored that
a declaration of independence from Mexico was to be passed. Governor
Smith had gone. General Houston would be back from his trip to the

So they found San Felipe quiet, save for its anxiety to ask: “What
about Travis at Bejar?” And when with their message they answered
the questions, speedily San Felipe was aroused as Gonzales had been.
Expresses were sent scouring to summon the Brazos settlers, and within
an hour the Travis call to the government was on its way again, by
new and stronger hands, to the gathering at Washington, fifty miles

“I’m all in,” admitted Dick, drooping. “We’ve done our best, the boy
and I. We’ve got to rest a night. Hurry on, hurry on. Maybe we’ll go up
in the morning; one of us, anyway.”

Ernest it was who went. In the morning he felt keen and able once more.
Dick was still laid up, but urged him to leave.

“If there’s a declaration of independence, I want you to hear it,”
he said. “There’ll have to be one. Houston says that’s the only way,
now; and so does Austin. We can’t get the help we need from the United
States unless we stand on our own bottom. Then the word of Texas will
mean something. Now Santa Anna’ll never let us be a state even. We must
fight for independence and not for the constitution. And you’ll see
Houston. Make yourself known to him. He’ll remember you. Tell him of
the doings at Gonzales. Tell him you’ve just come from there, and that
the people all along the route need him.”

That evening of February 28, Ernest rode, weary and dusty again, into
the town of Washington on the Brazos. It was filling up with people:
there were a few volunteers attached to the regular army, and encamped,
and many settlers attracted by the convention. The visitors had
tethered their horses and had spread their blankets in the open. The
Alamo already seemed to be on every tongue, but nobody was preparing to
leave. All were waiting.

Ernest sought a good spot; then he sought Sam Houston. He quickly
sighted him seated on the porch of the tavern, surrounded by a group
of men. No one could fail to pick Sam Houston out of any crowd. Ernest
elbowed in to him.

“Well, my boy?” queried the general, as Ernest stood before him, eyed
by the little crowd. “Do you wish to speak to me? Excuse me, gentlemen.”

“Yes, sir,” replied Ernest, saluting. “I’m Ernest Merrill, from
Gonzales. I knew you at Fort Gibson, too.”

“I remember, I remember,” nodded the general, speaking with his firm
resonant voice. “From Gonzales. When did you arrive? You don’t bring
more bad news, I trust.”

“I left Gonzales night before last,” answered Ernest. “Dick Carroll
(he’s my father) left, I mean, to carry Colonel Travis’s dispatch to
San Felipe, and I rode with him because he was sick. Then at San Felipe
we had to rest, but we sent the message on up here.”

“Yes,” soberly nodded the general. “We have the message. It made quick
time――remarkably quick. But what of Gonzales? Are the people rallying?
Did you spread the word along the road? How did you come?”

“By Burnam’s, sir,” replied Ernest. “The settlers are going to Gonzales
as fast as they can get ready. Captain John Smith was getting a company
together at Gonzales when we left and I expect they’ve started for the
Alamo, but they won’t be very many. Colonel Travis’s messenger said
that Colonel Bonham had been sent to Goliad, too, for help from Colonel

The general excitedly rose and stamped back and forth. He talked as he

“Slowly, slowly,” he declared. “We must take time. It will be madness
for small bodies to attempt the Alamo now. They will go to destruction.
Fannin himself is liable to be cut off, and Goliad will fall. We must
organize. We must have discipline, and a commander-in-chief. The
convention must act. This tragedy would have been averted if Colonel
Neill had obeyed orders and evacuated. Bexar is too remote on the
frontier to be properly defended with the forces at our disposal yet.
Now what are we to do, what are we to do? First, we must have harmony,
and a concerted plan of action. As for Sam Houston, he is willing to
do anything――to lead or to follow, if that will save Texas. Boy,” he
continued, pausing, to Ernest, “you may tell your people at Gonzales
that Sam Houston is at the service of Texas, whether as a general or a
private soldier. The enemy shall be met and defeated.”

“I thought I’d stay for the convention,” hazarded Ernest. “Dick Carroll
asked me to.”

“You look tired,” mused the general, surveying him. “You’ve had a hard
ride and have done well. Do so, then; stay, and you will see history
made. And, by Heaven, when we march against the enemy you will see more
history made.”

This was Sunday evening. The convention was called for Tuesday, for
February of 1836 had twenty-nine days. To-night, and Monday, Ernest
saw a number of delegates that he knew. Matthew Caldwell, of Gonzales,
was here――“Old Paint” the Indian fighter; and so was Sam Maverick, of
Bejar; and both were near crazed with anxiety over the fate of their
families and their homes. But the convention must act, and order
be restored, or all would indeed be lost. Lorenzo de Zavala, the
ex-president of the State of Mexico, was here; and Antonio Navarro,
formerly of Bejar, a brother of Angel Navarro the political chief,
whose house had been shattered in the taking of Bejar, but a friend
of Texas; and Francisco Ruiz, another patriot; and Colonel Thomas
Rusk, who had commanded cavalry at the siege of Bejar; and others――not
omitting Sam Houston.

Who should blow in, Monday morning, but Dick Carroll, after a night’s
ride. Ernest, for one, welcomed him gladly.

“They’re fighting at the Alamo,” announced Dick, to his listeners.
“I’ve brought another dispatch from Travis, date of twenty-fourth.
Delivered it to Governor Smith. Expect we-all’ll hear it read at the
convention. It’s a humdinger. Travis is holding out, and he says he’s
_going_ to hold out. Boys, there’s some man! You’ll be proud when you
hear his words. Captain Martin fetched it out of the Alamo to Gonzales;
Smither brought it on to San Felipe; and I carried it up here. Wanted
to come anyway. Cos, they say, is out there; he’s broken his parole.
And Sesma, and Santa Anna, and General Vincente Filisola, the Italian:
the best officers in the Mexican army. But Travis and Bowie will keep
them busy. At least,” he added, “they’ll try to. Martin says the
Gonzales company is going straight in. That will help――a little.
Haven’t heard from Fannin, have you?”

All day Monday the crisis at the Alamo lay heavy upon the hearts of
those Texas citizens gathered in Washington on the Brazos. There was
no word from Colonel Fannin, and no further word from Colonel Travis.
Still, among the near 200 men collected in Washington, nobody seemed
disposed to leave and join the rendezvous at Gonzales. Hanging around
the convention hall and the tavern and the army headquarters, they were
waiting for the reorganization of Texas――for some declaration to be
made, a government to be re-established, a commander to be appointed,
and an army provided for.

They somewhat reminded Ernest of the crowd that he had read waited
around the old State House in Philadelphia, in July of 1776, when
the Independence of the United States was being declared; but they
also appeared all at sea to know what to do, as if they were stunned.
Meanwhile boyish Colonel Travis, and the brave Jim Bowie, and probably
Colonel Bonham, and young Captain Dickinson with his wife and baby,
and Davy Crockett, and the other 145, were defending the Alamo against
2000, maybe 3000, of the best troops of Mexico, led by their best

The members took their seats on this Tuesday morning. There were about
sixty delegates, and they occupied all the benches. The rear of the
room was packed with spectators and listeners, standing, and the throng
pressed against the windows and door. Ernest, being a boy, might have
lost out, had not Captain Matt Caldwell, who was a delegate, taken him
forward and placed him in the front rank where he could both see and
hear. Dick Carroll could be depended upon to care for himself.

The first thing done was the election of officers. Mr. Richard Ellis,
of Pecan Point, the Red River district, was chosen president of the
convention; and Mr. H. S. Kimball, secretary. President Ellis made a
short address; and then he announced that while the committees were
at work, he would read a document that had been handed to him――“of the
most important character ever received by any assembly of men”! It was
the dispatch brought by Dick Carroll.

                                       COMMANDANCY OF THE ALAMO,
                                      Bejar, Feb’y 24th, 1836.

    To the People of Texas &
    all Americans _in the World_.

    Fellow-citizens & compatriots:

    I am besieged, by a thousand or more of the Mexicans under
    Santa Anna. I have sustained a continual Bombardment &
    cannonade for 24 hours & have not lost a man. The enemy has
    demanded a surrender at discretion, otherwise the garrison are
    to be put to the sword, if the fort is taken. I have answered
    the demand with a cannon shot, & our flag still waves proudly
    from the walls. _I shall never surrender or retreat. Then_,
    I call on you in the name of Liberty, of Patriotism, & of
    everything dear to the American character, to come to our
    aid, with all dispatch. The enemy is receiving reinforcements
    daily & will no doubt increase to three or four thousand in
    four or five days. If this call is neglected, I am determined
    to sustain myself as long as possible & die like a soldier
    who never forgets what is due to his own honor & that of his
    country. VICTORY OR DEATH.

                                         WILLIAM BARRET TRAVIS,
                                                Lt.-Col., com’d’t.

    P. S.――The Lord is on our side. When the enemy appeared in
    sight we had not three bushels of corn. We have since found in
    deserted houses 80 or 90 bushels & got into the walls 20 or 30
    head of Beeves.


“What flag is that he mentioned?” asked somebody behind Ernest. “The
Lone Star flag or the Independence flag you fellows had at the siege?”

“I reckon maybe,” answered the voice of Dick Carroll, who also had
elbowed to the front. “They’re out there somewhere, like as not. But
Smither said Captain Martin said they’d raised the regular Mexican
green, white and red tri-color, with ‘1824’ on the middle of it,
signifying the constitution.”

However, Chairman Ellis was about to read again.

“I will now read the endorsements from the express carriers, on the
back,” he said. “The first:

    “Since the above was written I heard a very heavy cannonade
    during the whole day. Think there must have been an attack
    on the Alamo. We were short of ammunition when I left. Hurry
    all the men you can forth. When I left there were but 150 men
    determined to do or die. To-morrow I leave for Bexar with
    what men I can. Almonte is there. The troops are commanded by
    General Sesma.

                                                ‘ALBERT MARTIN.’”

Captain Martin was this, of Gonzales. And he was going back!

“Now the second endorsement,” continued Richard Ellis. “As follows:

    “I hope every one will Rendeves [gather] at Gonzales as soon as
    Possible as the Brave soldiers are suffering; do not forget the
    powder is very scarce and should not be delad one moment.

                                                   ‘L. SMITHER.’”

Chairman Ellis refolded the dispatch and passed it aside to the
secretary. Later it was read again by many present.

A hush, thrilled with the murmur and stir of admiration, rage, and
helplessness followed upon the reading. Several men attempted excitedly
to speak; but the chairman motioned them down.

“You have heard the dispatch,” he said, huskily. “You know what is
before us. The delegates will now proceed to the business of the

Committees were appointed; and the convention adjourned, for the day.

It was a grim evening and night in Washington. The name of the heroic
Travis was on every lip and in every heart was the fear lest a great
Mexican army already had overwhelmed the Alamo and were sweeping
across for the settlements eastward. And Gonzales, Ernest realized,
would be the first to fall victim.

“Houston! Why doesn’t Houston go?”

“He can’t. He’s a delegate.”

“But he’s commander-in-chief.”

“No, he isn’t. He had to quit when the governor was ousted. The council
was ag’in ’em both.”

“Who’s our head, then? Why doesn’t the convention reappoint him? We’ve
got to have somebody, quick.”

“I reckon it will. But maybe he won’t accept. Wouldn’t blame him any.
He’s been treated right shabbily.”

“He’ll take it,” assured Dick Carroll. “There’s nothing small or
picayune about Sam Houston. And fighting for independence, under
Houston, we’ll lick Santa Anna out of his boots.”

Nevertheless, upon the forms sitting enveloped in their blankets, or
lying to try to sleep, rested a gloom not of the night alone. In the
headquarters of General Houston a light burned until almost morning.

After breakfast the reassembling of the convention was eagerly awaited.
No more news from Colonel Travis had arrived; but report stated
that during the night the delegates had drawn up a declaration of
independence, and that it was about ready for adoption. The report
proved true. Soon after the convention was called to order, President
Ellis arose, a mass of foolscap paper in his hand, and stated that
he would have the secretary read the report of the committee upon an
announcement of the Republic of Texas.

    “The Unanimous Declaration of Independence made by the
    Delegates of the People of Texas in General Convention at
    the Town of Washington, on the 2nd day of March, 1836,” read
    Secretary Kimball.

    “When a government has ceased to protect the lives, liberty
    and property of the people, from whom its legitimate powers
    are derived, and for the advancement of whose happiness
    it was instituted, and so far from being a guarantee for
    the enjoyment of those inestimable and inalienable rights,
    becomes an instrument in the hands of evil rulers for their
    oppression: When the Federal Republican Constitution of
    their country, which they have sworn to support, no longer
    has a substantial existence, and the whole nature of their
    government has been forcibly changed, without their consent,
    from a restricted federative republic, composed of sovereign
    states, to a consolidated, central, military despotism....”
    continued Secretary Kimball, in a long introduction; then
    “self-preservation” and “a right towards themselves and a
    sacred obligation to their posterity” warrant a people “to
    abolish such government” and to create another safer and

    “Nations, as well as individuals, are amenable for their acts
    to the public opinion of mankind [proceeded the declaration]. A
    statement of a part of our grievances is, therefore, submitted
    to an impartial world, in justification of the hazardous but
    unavoidable step now taken of severing our political connection
    with the Mexican people, and assuming an independent attitude
    among the nations of the earth.

    “The Mexican government had pledged the colonists liberty
    of action under a republic and a constitution, and now had
    submitted it to a military despotism under General Antonio
    Lopez de Santa Anna. It had refused to grant an appeal,
    according to the constitution, for statehood separate from
    unfriendly Coahuila. It had imprisoned Stephen Austin. It had
    refused to provide trial by jury. It had provided no schools or
    other means of public education. It had allowed the soldiers
    to oppress the citizens. It had forced the state congress of
    Texas and Coahuila to dissolve. It had demanded the surrender
    of citizens, for an imprisonment without a trial. It had seized
    trading vessels. It had interfered with religious liberty. It
    had demanded the delivery of private arms. It was invading
    Texas with an army, to drive the people from their homes. It
    was inciting the Indians to attack the colonists. It was, and
    ever had been, a “weak, corrupt, and tyrannical government.”

    “These, and other grievances, were patiently borne by the
    people of Texas [continued Mr. Kimball, reading] until they
    reached that point at which forbearance ceases to be a virtue.
    We then took up arms in defence of the national constitution.
    We appealed to our Mexican brethren for assistance. Our
    appeal has been made in vain. Though months have elapsed, no
    sympathetic response has yet been heard from the Interior.
    We are, therefore, forced to the melancholy conclusion that
    the Mexican people have acquiesced in the destruction of
    their liberty, and the substitution therefor of a Military
    Government――that they are unfit to be free and incapable of

    “The necessity of self-preservation, therefore, now decrees our
    eternal political separation.

    “We, therefore [and the reader’s voice rose firmly], the
    delegates, with plenary powers, of the people of Texas, in
    solemn convention assembled, appealing to a candid world for
    the necessities of our condition, do hereby resolve and declare
    that our political connection with the Mexican nation has
    forever ended, and that the _people of Texas_ do now constitute
    a _free sovereign and independent republic_, and are fully
    invested with all the rights and attributes which properly
    belong to independent nations; and, conscious of the rectitude
    of our intentions, we fearlessly and confidently commit the
    issue to the decision of the Supreme Arbiter of the destinies
    of Nations.”

The secretary evidently had finished the reading of the declaration.
He turned and resumed his seat at his little table on the platform.
There was an instant of dead silence, while the people present tried to
realize that Texas was no longer to be attached to Mexico.

“You have heard the report of the committee,” addressed President
Ellis, his voice clear. “Are there any objections?”

A shuffle of impatient feet had begun; and――――

“No! No!” swelled the shout, in a great volley, from delegates and
visitors alike.

“The chair hears no objections. All in favor of adopting the report as
it stands will signify by saying ‘Aye.’”

“Aye! Aye!”

“The report, declaring Texas a free and independent republic, is
adopted,” announced President Ellis. “The delegates will please step
forward and sign the declaration.”

One by one, in a constant file, the delegates advanced to the
secretary’s table upon the platform, and attached their signatures to
the paper. The president first; and in due order Antonio Navarro, and
Captain Caldwell, and de Zavala, and Colonel Rusk, and the towering
form of Sam Houston, and all――fifty-eight in number.

Now indeed had the silence been broken, and well broken. From the crowd
in the rear of the hall and pressing outside pealed cheer upon cheer,
echoed from beyond as fast sped the news. Hats were swung, guns spoke.
Ernest, on tiptoe, swung his hat and added his shrill voice to the
clamor. Near him somebody was singing, and the chant spread.

    For this we are determined, that Texas shall be free;
    And TEXAS TRIUMPHANT our watchword shall be!

And 200 miles to the west, young William Travis and his little band
were fighting desperately for this new Republic of which they were
destined never to be told; while Colonel Fannin’s wagons had broken
down and he had been forced back into Goliad again.



Little more was done this day. It was reported that the committees
were busy preparing a constitution for the new Republic of Texas and
revising plans for an army and navy. Most of the delegates remained
in the convention hall, where the committees were meeting; and the
visitors waited outside, under the trees. The office of governor and
council had now passed out of existence, so the quarrel between the two
parties need not be considered.

General Houston was closeted with a committee, the main part of the
day, discussing the military measures. But in the afternoon there was
read a short address from him to the people of Texas.

                                 CONVENTION HALL, March 2, 1836.

    War is raging on the frontiers. Bexar is besieged by two
    thousand of the enemy under command of General Sesma.
    Reinforcements are on the march to unite with the besieging
    army. By the last report our force at Bexar was only one
    hundred and fifty men. The citizens of Texas must rally to the
    aid of our army or it will perish. Let the citizens of the East
    march to the combat. The enemy must be driven from our soil or
    desolation will accompany their march upon us. _Independence is
    declared._ It must be maintained. Immediate action, united with
    valor, can alone achieve our great work. The services of all
    are forthwith required in the field.

                                                    SAM HOUSTON,
                                   _Commander-in-Chief of the Army_.

    P. S.――It is rumored that the enemy are on their march to
    Gonzales, and that they have entered the colonies. The fate of
    Bexar is unknown. The country must and shall be defended. The
    patriots of Texas are _appealed to in behalf of their bleeding

The postscript sounded bad, and Ernest turned with whitened face to

“Do you think they have attacked Gonzales, Dick?”

“No, I don’t. They wouldn’t attack Gonzales until they’ve taken Bejar.
We can’t believe all the rumors we hear. The whole country’s panicky.
If Fannin marches through and gets in with his men, he and Travis
will hold the Alamo ag’in all Mexico. Reckon, too, by this time the
Brazos and Colorado people are rallying into Gonzales, and Captain
Martin has led a bunch to help Travis. And there are a hundred and more
able-bodied men right here who ought to organize and go.”

“Why don’t they go, then, Dick? Why don’t we all go?”

“Chiefly because we’re sorter at sea, yet. Most of the men have
families at home. Who’d protect _them_? And where are our leaders?
Fannin and Johnson are like as not cut off, down at Goliad. Travis
and Bowie are yonder in the Alamo. And here’s Sam Houston, waiting

“But he signs himself commander-in-chief, Dick.”

“Yes, a commander-in-chief without an army. Besides, he was
commander-in-chief under the old makeshift government, formed to tide
us along. Now we’ve got a new one, a republic, and all officers’ll have
to be sworn in over again. He’ll be appointed, though, as soon as plans
for the army are drawn. You know what day this is, don’t you?”

“Yes. March second.”

“And Sam Houston’s birthday! Declaration of Independence was adopted on
Sam Houston’s birthday, and that’s a good sign.”

The next day dragged, filled with wild rumors, while the convention
still prepared for defense and the operation of the new government. It
seemed to be the great hope of everybody at Washington that Sam Houston
would be reappointed to the head of the army at once; about all the
men appeared to think that he would save Texas from Santa Anna, if
anyone could.

A large crowd were already gathered about the hall when on the next
morning, of Friday, March 4, Ernest hastened to learn what was up. But
the program seemed to be devoted mainly to the report of the military
committee. It recommended a strong militia, and granted 1280 acres of
land to every volunteer who served throughout the war; and there was to
be a major-general in command of the whole army――regulars, volunteers
and militia――when in the field.

This was rather dull reading. General Houston was not present, but
having wormed his way out for a breath of air Ernest saw him on the
tavern porch. A letter had just been handed to him by a horseman, and,
watched by a group of by-standers who had collected, he was reading it.

“Gentlemen, a letter from Colonel Fannin, to a friend, and forwarded,
in a copy, for my perusal,” he announced, as Ernest sidled near. “It
is the last news from Goliad, date of February twenty-eight. I hope
that the news from the Alamo will be no worse. I will read an extract
from it, which indicates the spirit of a brave man. A Mexican force
has already advanced upon him, and it is unlikely that he can effect a
juncture with Travis. However, he says:

    “‘I have about four hundred and twenty men here, and if I can
    get provisions in to-morrow or next day, can maintain myself
    against any force. I will never give up the ship while there
    is a pea in the ditch. If I am whipped it will be well done,
    and you may never expect to see me. I hope to see all Texans in
    arms soon. If not, we shall lose our homes, and must go east of
    the Trinity for awhile.’”

“Signed,” continued the general, ‘J. W. Fannin, Jr.’”

“Fannin makes only the one error in that letter,” spoke Colonel George
Hockley, who was the general’s aide. “A man who will ‘never give up
the ship’ can be killed but he can’t be whipped.”

“If the Alamo can hold out until we relieve it, there will be no danger
to Fannin,” mused the general. “And if he will obey the orders of his
superiors, whoever they may be,――――”

But a sudden shout from the convention hall interrupted him. The cries
swelled, spreading to the crowd outside the door.

“Houston! Houston! Speech! Speech!”

A man came running.

“You’re wanted inside the hall, general,” he said. “You’ve been elected
commander-in-chief, on first ballot; fifty-five votes for you, only one

“I accept,” remarked the general, solemnly. “I will be there directly,
but this is a time for acting, not for talking.”

He strode for the convention hall, and most of the group with him.
Ernest squirmed in. The general appeared on the rude platform, and
spoke briefly, thanking the convention and the people of Texas for the
honor paid to him. Scarcely had he concluded when a delegate arose.

“I move that it be the sense of this convention that Major-General Sam
Houston immediately depart for the army, or resign.”

A storm of cheers and hisses followed. The general waited. He levelled
his finger at the delegate, and answered for himself.

“I trust that the gentleman will withdraw his motion. In that belief
I will state that my purpose is to start for the army on the morrow
morning, and I will be glad _to have the gentleman’s company_!”

What a round of cheers and laughter now resounded!

“I withdraw my motion,” stammered the delegate, much confused by the
unexpected challenge and the uproar, and sat down.

However, the general did not leave on the next day. The convention had
adjourned over Saturday and Sunday, to enable the committees to prepare
further reports. There was much important work yet to be done, ere the
Republic of Texas was organized; a constitution must be adopted, and
the republic’s officers elected. General Houston had his duties to
perform as a delegate; and, besides, he was waiting for instructions.

The delay was exasperating; but it seemed necessary. If the Alamo would
only hold out! Surely the volunteers at Gonzales were marching to help

Sunday morning, which was March 6, Ernest had taken a walk about,
exploring (for it was rather trying, just to lie ’round), when a
commotion in town caught his ear and eye. Men were hurrying to gather
in a crowd on the street, as if surrounding some speaker. So back into
the excitement sped Ernest. News from the Alamo, perhaps! Another
messenger! Or had Colonel Fannin been attacked, too! Or Gonzales taken!
Or perhaps Colonel Travis had driven off the Mexicans!

A weary, drooping horse, dust streaked and sweat stained, stood loosely
tethered to the hitching rail in front of the tavern: the horse of a
dispatch-bearer, surely! Beyond, were the group of men, encircling
close another man, who was answering questions. Ernest lost no time in
worming his way where he could peer and listen.

The man was Captain John W. Smith, of Gonzales. Yes――Captain Smith,
himself, who, when Ernest and Dick Carroll had left ten days ago on
their ride to San Felipe, was collecting a company for the help of
Colonel Travis. Now his beard and all his face were covered with dust
and grime, his eyes were weary, and his boots and clothes likewise
showed long, hard travel.

“I left the Alamo before daybreak of the third,” he was answering to
eager questions. “Thirty of us from Gonzales got in there at three
o’clock on the morning of the first. Travis sent me out with this
dispatch, and I came through, night and day, by the shortest trail;
crossed the Colorado at Moore’s Retreat, north of Burnam’s, and then
through the prairie to Washington. Travis was all right when I left;
still holding out. He had about one hundred eighty men. Bonham managed
to break back from Fannin, and arrived just as I left. He could have
stayed away, but he didn’t. He said he’d bring word from Fannin or die.
He’s a great friend of Travis and Bowie, you know. There were about a
hundred and fifty volunteers at Gonzales when I passed through.”

“Isn’t Fannin going?”

“He sent word by Bonham that he’d try, but we think the Mexicans have
cut him off. He’ll certainly come if he can. There’s no braver man
alive than Jim Fannin.”

“Why don’t the men at Gonzales march?”

“Why don’t _you_ men march? It isn’t a question of a hundred or two,
now. The Mexican lines are drawn too close. I doubt if even another
dispatch will get out; the country around Bejar is thick with Mexican
patrols. Santa Anna’s there, remember; and so is Cos, who broke his
parole just to get a revenge for the licking we gave him.”

“How’s the Alamo? Shot up much? Many killed? What does Travis say now?”

“Nobody’s been hurt, except Mexicans. We were short of ammunition,
though. Bowie’s sick in bed. The men are fighting night and day,
and they’ll never surrender. I fetched two dispatches: one for the
convention, and the other a letter to a friend of Travis. Travis says:
‘Take care of my little boy. If the country should be saved, I may make
him a splendid fortune; but if the country should be lost, and I should
perish, he will have nothing but the proud recollection that he is the
son of a man who died for his country.’ Travis told me to say to the
people that as long as he held out he’d fire a signal gun every morning
at sunrise.”

“Everybody to the convention hall!” was the sudden hail. “Delegates
and everybody to the convention hall. Special meeting.”

Men were already pushing in through the doorway; the group about
Captain Smith dissolved quickly. He staggered stiffly in the rear of
the hurrying procession; Ernest nimbly darted ahead, and squeezed in
with the crowd.

Most of the delegates were in their seats. President Richard Ellis
and Secretary Kimball were in their places, waiting. Mr. Ellis held a
piece of soiled paper in his hand. He arose, and amidst a tense silence
looked over the assemblage. His face was pale and haggard, and Ernest
could barely hear his words.

“I have just received by special courier, who has ridden the one
hundred and eighty miles in less than four days, another message from
Colonel Travis in the Alamo, addressed to this convention,” he said.
“It is of such importance that I feel it should be communicated at
once. The date is March 3――or only last Thursday.”

He proceeded to read; but amidst the confusion of shuffling feet
and twisting bodies, as the listeners strained to hear, and amidst
the interruptions by cheers and other exclamations, Ernest missed a
sentence now and then. But he heard enough.

    I am still here in fine spirits and well-to-do [wrote the
    gallant Colonel Travis]. With one hundred and forty-five men,
    I have held the place against a force variously estimated from
    between fifteen hundred to six thousand, and I shall continue
    to hold it until I get relief from my countrymen, or I will
    perish in its defense. We have had a shower of bombs and cannon
    balls continually falling among us the whole time; yet none of
    us have fallen. We have been miraculously preserved. [“Hurrah!”
    cheered voices, drowning the voice of Mr. Ellis.] Again,
    I feel confident that the determined spirit and desperate
    courage heretofore exhibited by my men will not fail them in
    the last struggle; and although they may be sacrificed to the
    vengeance of a Gothic enemy, the victory will cost the enemy
    so dear that it will be worse than a defeat. [“Hurrah!”] A
    blood-red flag waves from the church of Bexar and in the camp
    above us, in token that the war is one of vengeance against
    rebels. [“Texas and liberty! Down with tyranny! Hurrah!”] These
    threats have had no influence upon my men but to make all
    fight with desperation and with that high-souled courage which
    characterize the patriot who is willing to die in defense of
    his country; liberty and his own honor; God and Texas; victory
    or death!

                                          WILLIAM BARRET TRAVIS,
                                              Lt.-Col. Commanding.

President Ellis had finished, and all the hall was in an uproar.
This last despairing but noble appeal from Colonel Travis in the
hard-fighting Alamo, had stirred every heart and rocked every form. Men
were shouting, crying, gesticulating. A score of the delegates were on
their feet. Delegate Robert Potter made himself heard.

“I now move that this convention do immediately adjourn, arm, and march
to the relief of the Alamo,” he excitedly proposed.

“To the Alamo! To the Alamo!” And the crowd began to surge.

“No! No! Wait!” It was the deep, ringing voice of General Houston. He
had risen, his hand extended commandingly; and at the summons of his
powerful tones and his massive figure every eye was turned and every
tongue was stilled. “Hear me,” he bade. “I have gathered that there is
a sentiment we do immediately adjourn and proceed, armed, to the Alamo.
I have heard the gentleman’s motion, and know that it springs from a
natural impulse, common to brave men, to succor one’s fellow patriots
beleaguered by a ruthless enemy. No one would be more prompt to obey
that impulse than I. But I must oppose the motion. Such an adjournment
of this body would be a madness worse than treason to the people.
We are met here to form a government. We must have a government, in
organic form; for without an organized government Mexico would be
entitled to regard us as outlaws, and to the world outside we would
be only rebels, and we would fail to obtain the sympathy and the
respect of mankind. What can fifty, or one hundred men do against six
thousand? The delegates to this convention were elected by the people
of Texas to establish a firm and stable government. We have declared
our independence, but the work must not stop there. The declaration
will be nothing without measures of law that will give it due weight
among the other nations of the world. The perils of the republic
cannot be averted by arms alone――and never has Texas faced a greater
crisis than she faces now. I entreat the convention to be both wise
and patriotic. Let it sit calmly, even amidst war, and with firmness
pursue its deliberations. Feel no alarm, gentlemen. We have already
a small but brave force at Gonzales. I will proceed there at once,
interpose a barrier of patriotic citizens between the enemy and this
hall, and while the convention chooses to sit in session no foreign foe
shall approach except over my dead body. Meanwhile, if mortal power can
avail, our brave countrymen in the Alamo shall be relieved.”

More General Houston said, speaking vehemently. The hall listened
eager and convinced. Never had such an inspiring address been there
delivered, and none to equal it ever followed. Truly, the general was a
great orator.

At the conclusion he bowed, and strode rapidly out. The delegates
remained, and so did most of the crowd; but Dick Carroll clapped Ernest
on the shoulder. Ernest had not known that Dick was so near.

“Come,” said Dick. And Ernest dived through, after him, to the outside.
“Get your horse and fixin’s,” bade Dick. “And meet me yonder as quick
as you can.”

“Where are we going, Dick?”

“We’re going with the general,” and Dick nodded toward the large figure
in the whitish hat, rapidly making his way toward his headquarters.
“When he starts we start――and I reckon ’twon’t be long, either.”

“To Gonzales, Dick?” queried Ernest, over his shoulder as he turned.

“Yes. To Gonzales, and wherever else we’re needed. When Sam Houston
leaves it’s time for us to leave. We aren’t delegates.”

Ernest hastened for his horse and gun and blanket, his heart beating
gladly. Nothing loth was he to go, not even if General Houston led into
the Alamo itself. He could help at Gonzales, anyway. Perhaps Jim and
Sion were there, with the volunteers. And Leo was liable to turn up,

When he had bridled and saddled, and rode back, Dick was ready and
waiting; and several saddled horses had been tethered in front of the
general’s headquarters. Presently the general issued; with him Colonel
Hockley, his chief of staff. They were armed with pistols, and the
general wore a heavy sword, in its scabbard, belted around his buckskin
hunting coat. They stuffed some things into their saddle-bags, and tied
their blanket rolls behind their saddles a little tighter.

Dick pricked his horse, and followed by Ernest rode forward. By this
time two other men had joined, and were sitting their horses near.

“All ready, general?” queried Dick, saluting.

The general glanced up.

“All ready, sir.” He gazed inquiringly about. His eyes rested a moment
upon Ernest (who tried to sit as manlike as he could), and his face
softened into the glimmer of a smile. “This, then, is the force that
proposes to accompany a general to his army?”

“I reckon it is,” answered one of the first two men.

The general climbed into his saddle and gathered the lines; Colonel
Hockley did the same.

“Very well,” spoke the general. “Gentlemen, I thank you and shall be
glad of your society. A dispatch will go to Goliad, directing Colonel
Fannin to march at all speed and unite his troops with ours on the
Cibolo beyond Gonzales. We may yet rescue Travis. The result is in the
hands of an all-wise God, and I rely confidently upon His Providence.
Texas shall be free.”

He touched his horse with the spur, and rode off at a smart canter.
Colonel Hockley fell in beside him. The two other men followed, and
Dick and Ernest closed the rear. Less than an hour had passed since
the great speech in the convention hall. But no cheers sent them off.
Scarcely anybody paid attention. It seemed to Ernest rather a forlorn

All day they steadily rode on the trail that conducted westward across
a wide fertile prairie of high grass and flowers broken by tree islands
and by bottom-lands where grew the wild rye and the cane. Sixty-five
miles was it from Washington on the Brazos to the Colorado at Moore’s
Retreat, or Moore’s Ferry, as it was also called. From Moore’s to
Gonzales was forty-five miles. From Gonzales to Bejar was seventy or

They passed a number of ranches. Most of the men were at Washington
or at Gonzales; and those who were left at home, and the women-folk,
appeared terror-stricken by the rumors that they had heard. At dusk
the general halted for camp, amidst the luxuriant grasses, by a little
stream; the horses were turned out on their picket ropes to graze,
a cold supper was eaten, and blankets were spread. Only a few words
were spoken. The general seemed depressed and anxious; heavy care had
settled on him.

In the morning Ernest was aroused before sunrise. Dick and the other
men were astir, and were standing watching the general. He had walked
aside, to a clear spot, and was stooping, with his ear against the

“Listening, Injun fashion, for the signal guns of the Alamo,” spoke
Dick, in a low voice. “Sound travels far along the earth――you can feel
the shaking there when you can’t feel a thing, upright. Smith said he
heard the guns when he was a hundred miles away; but we’re too far, too
far――a hundred and fifty, at least.”

The sun rose, suddenly flooding the green prairie with golden beams,
and illuminating the slight fog which hung in patches over the bottoms.
Everybody held himself tense, watching the general. It was the moment
for the signal guns. For five minutes――yes, for ten minutes, a long,
long space――there was utter silence broken only by the twitter of
birds. The general abruptly straightened, shook his head, replaced his
big whitish hat, and returned to the camp.

“No go,” remarked Dick. “But,” he hopefully added, “we’re too far, yet,

General Houston did not reply. They snatched a hasty breakfast,
saddled, and rode. This day they approached the Colorado. The next day
they crossed it at Moore’s Ferry, but the Moore house was deserted. Jim
Hill lived a short distance below, and Ernest thought of him――wondered
where he was. Good old Jim! And Sion, too, twenty-five miles further

Nobody had joined them on the road. All the settlers and their families
appeared to be in great alarm, but reported that 300 volunteers were
waiting at Gonzales. Each morning at sunrise the general had listened
for the signal guns; they all had listened; and they had felt not a
tremor, heard not a boom. The horses proved to be of poor average. The
general plainly was vexed at the slow progress necessary.

Here between the Colorado and the Guadalupe settlers were already on
the move, taking their households out of threatened danger. Wagons
and carts were met, loaded with furniture and supplies and women and
children, travelling eastward. But no news of the Alamo was obtained.

Now on the morning of the sixth day out of Washington, Gonzales was
only twenty miles westward, and the Alamo was but ninety――less than
that, in a straight line. For the last time, they listened again at
sunrise. The general stood, his head bare.

“Gentlemen,” he solemnly said, “the Alamo has fallen. We would hear the
cannon, at this point――unless, of course, Colonel Travis is short of
ammunition. Possibly, as we ride on, the sound of the bombardment will
reach us. Let us hope so.”

They had struck into the main road between Gonzales and the Colorado,
from which other trails forked: the road on which Ernest had twice
ridden as courier――but that seemed to him very long ago. At the McClure
ranch on Peach Creek, ten miles from town, the general reined in to
inquire, of Mrs. McClure, who looked out upon them:

“What news from the Alamo, lady?” He always addressed a woman as “lady.”

She, too, was packed up, as for flight. She recognized Dick and Ernest,
but did not smile.

“Not a thing for several days. Even the guns have stopped. We used to
hear them in still weather. We haven’t heard them since Sunday morning
early. Do you think there’s danger, sir? Ought we to move out?”

“My advice is for the settlers to be prepared to move east of the
Colorado on a moment’s notice, lady,” responded the general. “With the
small army at its disposal Texas may not be able to hold the enemy
back, and this section will be overrun. Let all supplies that cannot be
taken be destroyed.” And he rode on with head bowed.

At the Berry ranch, six miles further, the same conversation resulted.
And at four o’clock in the afternoon of this March 11 they entered



Gonzales appeared to be safe, and alive with people. As the
travel-stained little squad rode up broad East Avenue which led into
the centre of the town, they saw, along the river bank below town, the
smoke of camp fires and the glimmer of several tents; and on before,
toward the main plaza and Market Square, many persons were standing or
moving about.

The first house seemed to be abandoned in confusion. In the window of
the next was a woman who evidently had been crying. From other houses
women with white strained faces looked upon them silently, and even the
men made no sign. Household goods cluttered the yards. In the principal
part of town, at Market Square, and the plaza, were many men――mostly
strangers, bearing shot-guns and rifles and yagers, and clad in settler
clothing, but with here and there a figure in a blue uniform of short
blouse and straight trousers. These all were volunteers.

There were frightened-faced women, too. Some of them Ernest knew well;
but he searched almost in vain for a familiar countenance among the men.

It seemed as though the little party were to dismount without having
been greeted; the women said not a word, and the strange volunteers
likewise only glanced aside, either carelessly or curiously. But as the
general reined his horse in, at the plaza, now a scattered cry rose,
of “Houston! Sam Houston! Here’s the general, boys,” and as Ernest was
sitting, halted, waiting for the general or Dick to say what next was
to be done, he heard his own name shouted.

“Hurrah! Ernest Merrill! Hello, there, pardner!”

Jim Hill was running across the plaza, making for him, and waving his

Off tumbled Ernest, and he and Jim shook hands and grinned at one

“Where’ve you been, anyhow?” demanded Jim――who carried his little
rifle, and looked just about as when Ernest had last seen him, after
the capture of San Antonio.

“At the convention at Washington.”

“All this time? Pshaw! I’ve been here nigh a week. Aren’t you going to

“I sure am,” asserted Ernest.

“Whom did you come over with? Houston? We need him, or somebody as

“Why, Jim? How’s the Alamo? Anybody heard? Is Travis still there? Where
are the Mexicans?”

Jim sobered.

“I don’t know. Nobody knows. We haven’t heard a shot since early Sunday
morning. I got in here with the Bastrop company (went up there from
home and enlisted) on the fifth. The morning of the fifth, at sunrise,
on the march over, we heard Travis’s signal guns; and all that day
there was a little cannon shooting yonder in the west. The people here
at Gonzales said they’d been hearing the cannonading for more than a
week, especially when the wind was right. But before sun-up of Sunday
morning, the sixth, there was a tremendous lot of firing――you could
almost hear the Mexican muskets in big volleys; sounded like an awful
battle, and lasted till long after breakfast. Then, about an hour by
the sun, it died down, and suddenly it quit, and we haven’t heard a
single shot since.”

“That was the day we left Washington, right after Captain Smith brought
the message,” said Ernest. “This is Friday, isn’t it! Things look bad.”

“Yes, they do,” agreed Jim, thoughtfully. “I tell you, this town is
mighty blue. Thirty of your Gonzales folks went out with Smith and
Captain Martin and broke through to Travis before daylight of the
first; and Captain Dickinson and several others are there, too. Of
course, maybe Travis and Bowie are holding out, and the Mexicans are
just sitting round. But we can’t get a word; the scouts we’ve sent out
don’t dare go near. Say,” he added, “your pony’s here. Some of the
crowd fetched him and Dick Carroll’s horse back from Burnam’s.”

“Good,” exclaimed Ernest. He would be glad to have Duke again. “Where’s

“I saw Sion about a month ago, at San Felipe. He’d been putting in his
crops down home. But we’ll meet up with him, all right, before this
war’s much older. He’s game. Haven’t heard from Leo at all. He may be
with Fannin or Johnson in the south. Hope not. They’re liable to be cut
off, if Houston doesn’t hurry. He’s been re-elected general, hasn’t he?”

“Yes; fifty-five votes to one.”

“That’s good; but I’d rather have had Ben Milam. Houston will do,
though. We need a military man, right bad. Most of the volunteers
in this camp haven’t ever drilled; we’ve got only a few of the old
bunch. Most of the veterans seem to have stayed at home to move their
families. Everybody’s getting ready to light out for the east. But
Burleson’s here, and Neill, and Karnes and Deaf Smith, and there’s
one company of United States volunteers――the Newport Volunteers, from
Kentucky――those fellows you see in uniform. Sidney Sherman’s their
captain――that’s he, the slim man in a blue round-about trimmed with
silver lace, with a sword on, talking to General Houston. He’s fine. We
haven’t guns enough, and only two or three wagons, and three cannon.
But we’ve got a flag――a new one. Sort of a cross between the American
flag and the British flag, with the red and white stripes at the end,
and the upper quarter next to the pole the British Union Jack and the
lower quarter the Lone Star on a green ground; green instead of blue,
for Mexico. Shows we’re Texans of Mexico from the United States, of
English descent! Huh! Some flag, that! The motto says: ‘Our Country’s
Rights or Death’! It belongs to Captain Moseley Baker’s company of
militia from San Felipe. The Newport Volunteers brought a flag, too.
It’s of heavy white silk, with the Goddess of Liberty in the middle and
a gold fringe round the edge. The Newport ladies made it and Captain
Sherman’s bride presented it. She gave him her glove, and told the
company to carry it as a battle charm, and they’ve got it fastened to
the top of the staff.”

Here Jim paused for lack of breath.

“Where are you camped, Jim?”

“Across the river, on outpost duty. Only two companies of us――the
Bastrop company and the Newport Volunteers. The main crowd are camped
on this side, half a mile below the ferry. Captain Baker’s in command
till Houston or some other high officer takes things over. Colonel
Neill and General Burleson are helping him. Well, I’ll see you later.
Expect you want to get washed up and fed. Come over to camp this
evening.” He turned away, but hesitated. “You did good work, carrying
that Travis dispatch,” he praised, generously. “But you weren’t the
only lad riding courier. When you went on up to Washington there was a
copy sent down river to Columbia, and a fifteen-year-old by name of Guy
Bryan rode with it on to Brazoria and clear to Velasco at the mouth of
the Brazos. Used up one horse and had to find another.”

“Bully for him,” answered Ernest. “I didn’t do anything special.”

“You did your work, just the same,” asserted Jim. “Well, so long. See
you later.”

“See you later, sure,” agreed Ernest. But he did not see Jim again that
evening or night.

Jim strode away. By this time Dick had exchanged greetings with a
number of friends. Everybody was rather solemn. A little crowd had
collected around the general. He was talking and listening. There
was Deaf Smith, and Henry Karnes, and General Ed. Burleson in blue
homespun citizen clothes with a pair of pistols in his belt, and
Captain Sidney Sherman (a nice-looking, smooth-faced young man) in
close-buttoned, short blue jacket trimmed with silver lace, at his side
a handsome sword. Conferring with them, General Houston occasionally
nodded his large head.

“Let’s go and eat, Ernest,” bade Dick. “We’ll pick up our own horses on
the way and turn these other critters into the corral for the public
use. They’ll be needed.”

This was done. Duke appeared to be as glad to see Ernest as Ernest was
to see him. During the hasty supper of pork and corn-bread and coffee
in the house, Dick ventured his opinion.

“Colonel Neill says there are three hundred and seventy-four men here,
part militia and part just volunteers unattached, and most of ’em plumb
ignorant how to act. Houston’ll have to whip ’em into some sort of
military shape. We’ve got plenty food in Gonzales, but it won’t last
long, and we need guns and ammunition and wagons and clothing and all
that. The people living here are panicky; some have left already for
the east and the rest are packing up. Nobody knows what’s happening
at the Alamo. Karnes and Deaf Smith think Travis has been wiped out;
Burleson thinks not. What we can do with this mob ag’in a big Mexican
army is a problem. Fannin’s got a force of four hundred down at Goliad;
mainly United States men and well outfitted. If he can join us on the
Cibolo, maybe we can go through. But――――.”

“Listen, Dick!” interrupted Ernest.

Dusk had fallen, and through it suddenly sounded hurrying feet, shouts,
and the shrill cries of women and children.

“News from the west!” uttered Dick. “Bad news, too. The Mexicans must
be coming!” He sprang up; his stool went spinning. He seized gun and
pistols and followed by Ernest bolted out.

The clamor had swelled. In the dimness men and women were running;
doors slammed; voices called wildly.

“The Alamo’s gone――every man massacred, and Santa Anna’s on his way!”
was the quick, panting reply to Dick’s query of a figure passing in
headlong haste.

In the plaza a crowd of citizens and soldiers had collected. Two
Mexicans of Bejar had arrived, was the story on many lips: Anselmo
Bogarro and a companion, they were. They had said that the Alamo
had been captured last Sunday morning, and not a man in it had been
left alive! Two thousand soldiers were on their way to attack the

The two Mexicans were being examined by General Houston, at his
quarters. Reports continued. Perhaps the two Mexicans had lied. They
had now been arrested as spies. The general issued a proclamation
stating that he believed the story to be false; and the people
gradually dispersed. But all night the town was awake, while families
packed their goods, and the women and children wept as they worked. The
troops were kept under arms, and out-posts were stationed a mile to the

Through the uneasy, fear-smitten night Ernest managed to catch a little
sleep, in his own bed once more. The morning dawned amidst confusion.
General Houston (who, rumor declared, had not slept at all) ordered
the troops across the river to be changed to the east side; and there
was a parade of all the troops and an election of regimental officers.
General Ed. Burleson was elected colonel, Captain Sidney Sherman was
elected lieutenant colonel, and Alex. Somervell was elected major. The
general made a stirring address, assuring the army that if they would
keep cool there would be no danger. The camp was moved up-river a short
distance, to a better spot on the prairie, and was reformed in two
long lines of tents and bed rolls, surmounted by the flag of the San
Felipe militia and of the Newport Volunteers. Most of the men preferred
the Kentucky flag and Mrs. Sherman’s glove. The other flag was too
complicated――had too much in it; and what was the use in mixing the
British Union Jack with the American stripes?

Evidently General Houston was not so certain that the two Mexicans’
report was false, for he had sent off a dispatch to Colonel Fannin to
destroy the fortifications at Goliad, to bring off the settlers, and
to retire northeast to Victoria on the Guadalupe instead of marching
toward Bejar. The dispatch, it was thought, would reach Colonel Fannin
within thirty hours at the most, and catch him before he had gone far.

The day passed uneventfully, except for the fears of the Gonzales
people. As for Ernest, he and Dick enlisted in Robert Calder’s company,
which was composed partly of men from along the Guadalupe. Dick’s horse
was in poor shape, so he joined afoot. The regiment were almost all
infantry, anyway. But Ernest clung to Duke. He and Jim agreed that
they’d hold out for a cavalry assignment.

The two Mexicans were closely guarded, and no one was permitted to
speak with them. Nothing more was heard from the Alamo. That was queer.
After breakfast the next morning, which was March 13, it was rumored
that the general had ordered Henry Karnes, Deaf Smith and Richard
Handy, another scout, to ride toward Bejar and find exactly how things
stood. They were to be back with their news within three days.

A few additional volunteers arrived, the majority afoot, until by night
the 374 had increased to 400. Now all were waiting for the report of
the scouts.

That same night, about half-past eight o’clock, Henry Karnes returned
alone. The camp had finished supper, and the men were sitting around
visiting, when he rode rapidly in. As he loped past where Jim and
Ernest were confabbing together, somebody called to him, sharply:

“What’s the news, Henry?”

“The wust,” answered Henry, without stopping. “All gone under;
wiped out complete.” And he continued straight for General Houston’s
headquarters tent. He had been riding hard.

Ernest and Jim stared at one another.

“That was true, then,” faltered Jim.

Ernest nodded. He could not speak. The picture was too horrible. Think
of it――a hundred and eighty men, brave men, half of whom he knew, and
had fought beside, killed――probably slaughtered!

“Come on,” bade Jim. “We’ll go where we can hear.”

Weak in his knees, his feet leaden, Ernest kept up with him. So swiftly
had spread the tidings that almost instantly the camp was in a buzz;
some of the men remained sitting, as if stunned; others sprang to their
feet, and made, like Jim and Ernest, for headquarters, to stand before
the tent flaps, murmurous and waiting.

Henry Karnes was talking inside. Colonel Burleson hastily entered.
Colonel Hockley, the chief of staff, was there. Presently Henry Karnes
emerged, pale through his freckled tan. Now it was no use to conceal
matters, and he spoke freely, his voice shaking.

He and Deaf Smith and Richard Handy had ridden only twenty miles out of
Gonzales (cautiously, on the watch for danger) when they had sighted a
little party coming toward them on the road――a woman on a horse and two
men afoot. It was Mrs. Dickinson, carrying her baby, and accompanied by
Colonel Travis’s negro boy, Sam, and Ben, another negro who had escaped
from Colonel Almonte of the Mexican army.

Mrs. Dickinson said that she and her baby, and Sam, and a Mexican
sister-in-law of Colonel Bowie with her little sister, and another
Mexican woman, were the only persons left alive who had been in the
Alamo. General Santa Anna had sent her with a proclamation from him
to tell Texas that the Alamo had fallen, and that now if Texas would
submit and lay down its arms he would pardon its rebels. If not――――!
But imagine a pardon from Santa Anna!

The last attack on the Alamo had begun before daylight on last Sunday
morning――just as had been suspected by Jim and the others who had
listened from Gonzales. Two thousand five hundred soldiers had attacked
on four sides at once, with cannon and scaling ladders. The Mexican
bands had played the tune of Cut-Throat――no quarter! The attacks on
three of the sides failed; and the attack on the fourth side, by all
the soldiers together, had been driven back three times! But the
soldiers were so many that the Alamo men could not shoot fast enough to
keep them down. They had planted their ladders and had simply poured
over the wall. Then there was terrible hand-to-hand fighting, through
the buildings. Knives, pistols, and butts of guns! Captain Dickinson
(who had been a lieutenant in charge of a cannon) had rushed into Mrs.
Dickinson’s room in the Alamo church, and saying: “All is lost. If
they spare you, save my child,” had rushed out, and she never saw him
again. But he was killed. Colonel Travis was killed. Colonel Bowie
was shot in his bed――the Mexican soldiers had been afraid to bayonet
him. Davy Crockett had used his rifle as a club until he, too, fell.
Colonel Bonham was dead. A man by the name of Walters had been driven
right into Mrs. Dickinson’s room and there before her eyes had been
tossed on bayonets by half a dozen Mexicans at once. Only five of the
men survived the fight――and they had immediately been shot by orders
of Santa Anna himself. After that General Santa Anna had all the Texan
bodies collected in a pile and heaped with brush and burned. Now
General Sesma was on his way with 2000 soldiers to seize Gonzales; and
the remainder of the army would follow.

Henry Karnes explained that he had galloped ahead, and had left Mrs.
Dickinson’s party to come on with the help of Deaf Smith and Richard

Look! Listen! To Gonzales town also the dreadful word had travelled.
Lights were gleaming in the houses and on the streets; shrieks and
screams and hoarse shouts cut through the damp night air: cries of
fear and rage and grief――grief for nearly 200 Texans pent up and
slaughtered, and especially for the thirty-one of the thirty-two
Gonzales citizens who two weeks before had ridden away to help Travis
in the Alamo, and would never return. Bluff Captain Albert Martin, who
had gone back with his comrades; middle-aged Jacob Darst, Claib Wright,
George Cottle, George Tumlinson, Jesse McCoy, Galb Fuqua, and the rest;
and young Captain Dickinson――gone, leaving wives and children and
brothers and sisters. Travis, Jim Bowie, James Bonham――Davy Crockett!

What a loss Texas had suffered!

The camp was in an uproar of excitement and uncertainty. The Mexicans
under General Sesma were rumored to be already at the Cibolo, halfway
for Gonzales! Horses thudded away into the darkness, bearing volunteers
on the home trail to protect their families. But from his headquarters
General Houston was acting――and no time was to be lost. Officers who
had been summoned ran hither-thither, shouting orders.

“Companies fall in! This way, men!”

Ernest and Jim separated, to tend to business. Every man was to pack
for a march, taking only what he could carry. Don’t delay for stray
horses. Hook up those teams! Burn the extra baggage and supplies.

Great bonfires began to crackle and leap, as down came the tents, and
armful after armful of canvas and clothing and bacon and flour and
coffee were dumped upon the blaze. Figures half in ruddy light and half
in gloom bustled to and fro. The wailing in the town never ceased.
General Houston’s tent still stood, as a centre, and from it rang his
voice, imperative, through all the tumult.

“No, sir! Wait! Don’t be in haste. Wait till all are ready, and let us
retreat in good order.”

“Somebody’s getting in too big a hurry and the general’s calling him
down,” remarked a man near Ernest.

So retreat it was to be! But nobody objected. Four hundred undrilled
men, no matter how brave, could not hold the frontier, here in the
open, against an army of several thousand regulars with cannon and

About eleven o’clock the companies all were packed and in line. The
general had sent word advising the Gonzales people to move out, and had
given them two army wagons. A number of the horses at the camp had not
been caught yet. But Ernest had made certain of Duke, and he rather
guessed that Jim was in the saddle, too. Trust Jim for that!

The general’s tent had vanished. How the bonfires flamed! “Forward,
march!” sounded the orders; and in a weaving column four abreast
the little army headed from the blaze-lighted camp. There were six
companies of infantry, with fifty or sixty men in a company, forming
the centre; the sixty horsemen rode on either flank; the three
cannon――one iron nine-pounder and two four-pounders――had been thrown
into the river, for they could not be taken. One baggage-wagon, hauled
by four oxen, brought up the rear.

The general and his staff――Colonel Hockley, Colonel Burleson,
Lieutenant-Colonel Sherman and Major Somervell――led, on their horses.
A detachment under Captain Handy and Captain John Sharp formed a rear
guard. The march to the main road for the east passed through Gonzales.
The houses all were lighted, and inside and in the yards the men and
women were toiling desperately, packing their valuables and bedding,
for flight. The two wagons, piled high, and with women and children
atop the loads, joined the march for protection; so did a number of
other outfits――on horses, oxen, or afoot, mothers carrying the smallest
children, fathers, who had left the ranks, carrying others――whole
families trudging and sobbing, but the men grim. Mrs. Dickinson was
said to be somewhere in the procession.

General Houston’s voice could be heard, exhorting.

“None must be left behind,” he was saying. “Go to the interior. Keep
ahead of the army. That’s the only safe way.”

“Before morning there won’t be a soul in Gonzales,” spoke a rider near
Ernest. “This is war, all right.”

Ernest could not see the speaker; the march had proceeded into
darkness, and Gonzales and its lights, shining for the last time from
those homely casements, were behind.

“Yes,” responded another voice. “And by the time those fellows who’ve
skipped out have spread the news, all West Texas will be on the move.”

“When we join Fannin, I reckon we’ll do something.”

“We’ll try hard.”

The enshrouded road became sandy, making bad going for the people
afoot. Children whimpered, women panted, and even the volunteers
trudged more and more slowly. The air was warm and lifeless.

On a sudden, after the march had continued for two hours, along the
straggling column welled a cry, passing on lip to lip from rear to
front. Ernest quickly turned his head. He had been half asleep. The
western horizon was redly aglow.

“Gonzales! It’s a fire!”

“They’re burning the town!”

“Who’s doing that?”

“Did the rear guard have those orders?”

“There goes the only bit of property I have in the world.”

“Well, let the Mexicans come now. They’ll find nothing.”

Ernest gazed dumbly. Higher mounted the glow, as fiercer waxed the
flames. There went his and Dick’s little home, then; all the buildings
were of thin oak siding――they’d burn furiously. Ho-hum! That was pretty
tough. What were the people to do, if they ever went back?

False dawn, which precedes real dawn by an hour, was in the air, and
sleepy birds were twittering, when the exhausted column struggled
across Peach Creek, at the abandoned McClure ranch, and welcome orders
were given for the soldiers to rest on their arms. But many of the
refugees from Gonzales pressed right on.

No fires were made. Some of the footmen simply fell upon their
knapsacks and lay there. Ernest loosened Duke’s cinches and tethered
him out; and was spreading his blanket when Jim found him.

“I’ve been looking for you,” said Jim. “There doesn’t seem to be much
order, anyhow. I reckon we’ll just spread our blankets together after
this till the cavalry’s formed. I’ll ride with you to-morrow.”

“Good,” replied Ernest, briefly.

In silence they rolled up, side by side, in their blankets. Jim spoke:

“Pretty tough, isn’t it!”

“That’s right,” agreed Ernest.

The fire was brighter, and the refugees continued to pass.



It seemed to Ernest that he scarcely had closed his eyes, at last,
when he was forced to unclose them. Men were passing among the prone
figures, waking them. Dawn had broken grayly, under a clouded sky.
Fires were being kindled; and the wearied refugees scattered through
the oak grove were arousing――the women to get the breakfasts. In the
west hung the smoke from the burning town.

“Well,” yawned Jim, pulling on his boots, “here we are, with all Texas
before us.”

“Wonder where we go to-day,” invited Ernest.

“Keep right on till we reach the Colorado, I reckon,” answered Jim.
“That’s the tell. We’ll join with Fannin somewhere on the Colorado and
hold the Mexicans there till we lick ’em.”

Coffee was being made――and it tasted very good, although there was no
sugar for it. From the direction of Gonzales sounded several heavy
explosions, rumbling through the damp air. Mexican cannon? If so, then
Henry Karnes and Deaf Smith and the other scouts would best light out
of there in a hurry. No――as like as not the explosions were from some
powder that had been forgotten, or from barrels of brandy. Rumor said
that the brandy had been poisoned, for the Mexicans, and that General
Houston was angry, when he heard.

Now General Houston was walking among the refugees (who had been
alarmed by the explosions) and telling them, in a loud, confident
voice, that to poison the liquor had been the act of savages, and that
it had now been safely disposed of.

Orders were issued to fall in. The footmen stiffly obeyed; most of them
were not used to walking, but the general (so ’twas said) thought
that he could hold the army together better if they were afoot. Ernest
saw Dick limping to his place. He and Jim, however, saddled up and in
partnership rode with the flanking cavalry.

After the first halt, to rest a moment, the general came slowly ambling
back along the column. He wore an old, thread-bare, closely buttoned
black coat, similar to a Prince Albert of to-day――a dress-coat, as it
was called. Probably he had given his buckskin coat to some refugee. He
appeared to be counting the men with his finger. He looked tired out,
and constantly sniffed at a little bottle of ammonia salts, to ward off
malaria. He made rather an odd figure, in his big hat, and long black
coat, with his bottle and his pointing finger.

“We are the rise of eight hundred strong,” he announced, as if to
himself, but in a loud voice so that all might hear; “and with a good
position we can whip ten to one of the enemy.” And he returned.

“Shucks!” remarked Jim. “That’s tall talk. We aren’t more than four
hundred and fifty. He’s saying that to encourage us.”

“Every little helps,” asserted Ernest.

“He’s got a load to carry, that man,” vouchsafed Jim. “We Texans aren’t
used to retreating, and look at us!”

Truly, the sight was not inspiring: the toiling, perspiring column, and
the distressed, panicky citizens, all fleeing from the advancing host
of the Mexican army flushed with victory.

That evening camp was made at the Lavaca River, near the ranch of
Captain Daniels. The ranch was deserted, like the rest of the country.
The general had no tent and all his baggage was a blanket and a pair
of saddle-bags containing his papers. To-night his headquarters were
an out-building of the ranch; and at dusk he could be seen through the
open door, seated on a three-legged stool, and whittling splinters with
which to feed a little fire in the fire-place, for light, while he
dictated some orders to Colonel Hockley, his chief aide. Soon after
supper Major William T. Austin rode away――with dispatches to the lower
Brazos, southeast, it was said. The general had sent word to Colonel
John A. Wharton to hurry up cannon, mules and ammunition.

In the morning word was passed that Colonel Fannin was still at Goliad,
and might not be able to retire. General Houston was heard to say to
Colonel Hockley:

“Hockley, here is the last hope of Texas. We shall never see Fannin
or his men. With these soldiers we must achieve our independence, or
perish in the attempt.”

Nevertheless, about ten o’clock the whole column was suddenly halted,
and a large squad of horsemen went galloping on the back trail.

“Where you going, boys?”

“To get a blind widow and seven children, bedad!” yelled one of the
riders――Irish, by his accent. “The gin’ral won’t be happy till he has

So the march was delayed until the squad returned with the family, who
lived off the road and had not been told of the retreat. The “Deaf
Smith Spies,” as the Henry Karnes scouts were termed, came in also,
from Gonzales. They reported that when they had left, no Mexican army
was yet in sight.

About four o’clock in the afternoon of March 17, which was the fourth
day out of Gonzales, camp was made, in the rain, at Burnam’s Crossing
on the Colorado. During the march from Gonzales the general had been
energy itself. Nothing escaped his attention. He was everywhere at
once, from front to rear, encouraging the refugees, and scolding the
volunteers when they lagged. His strong point was discipline. John
Rhodes had been found asleep on sentry duty, and General Houston put
him under arrest and vowed he should be shot.

The next day, on the march, while crossing a creek, John stopped,
knee-deep, to get a drink. All the column behind him also stopped,
obligingly, to wait for him.

Back galloped the general, like a whirlwind.

“What are you doing here? Why are you halting?”

“John Rhodes wants a drink, general.”

“Knock him down!” bawled the general, pretending a terrible rage.
“Knock him down! Standing there and impeding the march of a whole army!
Knock him down, I say!” And he almost rode right over Rhodes, who was
so frightened that he did not take another swallow.

However, that evening the general called John, and told him that he
would not be shot, after all. And when the widow and her family were to
be rescued, he had halted the march himself and delayed it two hours!

From Burnam’s the general sent a dispatch to the government Military
Committee, at Washington on the Brazos. He dictated, from his quarters,
in such a loud voice, as if he were making a speech, that anybody near
at hand could hear.

    It pains me to the heart [he said] that such consternation
    should be spread by a few deserters from the camp, but we are
    here, and if only three hundred men remain on this side of the
    Brazos, I will die with them or conquer our enemies. Our own
    people, if they would act, are enough to expel every Mexican
    from Texas. Do let it be known that, on close examination,
    and upon reflection, the force of Santa Anna has been greatly
    overrated. If you can, by any means, soothe the people, and get
    them to remain, they shall have notice, if I deem it necessary.
    Let them entertain no fears for the present. We can raise three
    thousand men in Texas, and fifteen hundred can defeat all that
    Santa Anna can send to the Colorado.

    Send agents to the United States [he said]. Appeal to them in
    the holy names of Liberty and Humanity. Let the men from the
    east of the Trinity rush to us. Let all the disposable force of
    Texas fly to arms.

“The general’s certainly working hard,” quoth Jim, as he and Ernest
held a little council of war of their own. “But those fellows who
skipped out ahead of the army when they heard about the Alamo are
making him a heap of trouble. They’ve spread all kinds of stories.
Shucks, we’re not getting any at all from east Texas. Not more’n a
hundred and fifty men have met us since we left Gonzales――and part of
them vamoosed” (by which Jim meant “skipped”) “again.”

“Those last settlers we took up say it’s reported Santa Anna’s bringing
a lot of women along with his soldiers, and they’re to marry and settle
on the American ranches, and all Americans are to be driven out,” said

“If Fannin only gets away, we can hold the Mexicans at the Colorado,”
spoke Jim, confidently. “We lost one gun to-day. Did you hear?”

“No. What?”

“Musket. A sentry busted it over the head of a fellow by name of
Garner, who was bound to cross the line, whether or no. He didn’t
cross. Reckon the general’ll give that sentry a medal. This army needs
considerable disciplining.”

“Well, it’s got _some_ discipline,” argued Ernest. “The general tried
to cross the sentry line himself, and the sentinel made him sit on a
stump and wait for a written order from the officer of the day.”

“That tickled the general, I bet,” chuckled Jim. “What’s sauce for the
goose is sauce for the gander.”

Two days were spent in the mud, crossing the Colorado. All the refugees
were ferried over first, so as to be ahead of the column. One woman
was found by the general sitting on a log, refusing to move. She was
hopeless and crying. Her husband had been killed with Travis in the
Alamo, and her things had been burned in Gonzales. The general gave her
fifty dollars out of his $200, and told her that she need never pay him

Wet and mudded, down the east bank of the Colorado the little army
marched until opposite Beason’s place, twelve miles below. This was
Beason’s Crossing. Sion lived here, across the river, near the new town
of Columbus. And that very evening he appeared in camp, with some

Jim saw him first, and let out a wild whoop of joy.

“What do you think you’re going to do?” he demanded of Sion――he and
Ernest pumping Sion’s hand. “Still got that old pea-shooter, haven’t
you!” For Sion was equipped for war.

“Going to do? Fight, of course!” retorted Sion, as pugnacious as ever.
“What are you fellows going to do? Keep on running away?”

“No. As soon as we meet up with Fannin or get those cannon from the
mouth of the Brazos we’ll capture Santa Anna and go back to ploughing.
We’re here to stick. We’re stuck already, in the mud!”

“Have you enlisted, Sion?” queried Ernest.

“Sure. I’ve just been waiting till you came down. I’m in Captain
Moseley Baker’s San Felipe company, and I’m here to stick, too. He’s a
fighter. We fellows reckon Sam Houston’s gone about far enough.”

“Any news from Leo?”


“Any news from Fannin?”

“No. But the convention’s quit. Elected David Burnet president of the
Republic of Texas and Lorenzo de Zavala [that was the Mexican patriot]
vice-president; and on the seventeenth, as soon as they heard about the
Alamo, they all moved out, down to Harrisburg, near Buffalo Bayou, in
the Galveston Bay country of the coast. Wasn’t that awful, about the
Alamo, though?”

“It certainly was,” agreed Jim and Ernest, sobering.

“All Texas acts scared out of its boots,” complained Sion. “The
government’s as bad as the rest――retreating like that. If half the men
who are tending to their families would join the army their families
would be a great deal safer. We’ve got to do something pretty quick.
The Mexicans are close.”

“How do you know?”

“Because some of their patrols are right west of here. People saw ’em
yesterday. Old Sesma’s behind ’em with six hundred men.”

That was true. The scouts under Henry Karnes, who had been stationed
across the river, above, brought in a Mexican soldier and three horses,
and Scout Secrest showed the sword and pistols of another soldier whom
he had killed. Three more prisoners were captured, by a detachment
under Lieutenant-Colonel Sherman. They said that General Sesma and
General Woll were now on the west bank of the Colorado, only three
miles above Beason’s. The Deaf Smith Spies, on falling back from
Burnam’s, had set fire to the ranch buildings and to the Dewees place,

General Houston posted strong guards up along the river; and according
to reports there would be a battle. If Generals Sesma and Woll had only
600 men, the Texan army ought to be able to thresh them. Sherman, it
was said, would have ambushed them――only that one of his men disobeyed
orders and fired too soon, and spoiled the whole plan. If the artillery
only would come from the mouth of the Brazos! The little army were in
great excitement――although some of the men managed to leave, in spite
of the sentries. They reasoned that if there was a fight and the army
was whipped by the Mexican artillery and cavalry, they ought to be at
home with their families.

General Houston looked ill. He was carrying a great load. The news
that the government had fled also, as if it did not trust him or the
army, worried him. He said to one of the officers: “That removal from
Washington to Harrisburg has done more to increase the panic than
anything else that has occurred in Texas, except the fall of the Alamo,
sir.” And from Beason’s he wrote to Colonel Rusk, the secretary of war:

    You know I am not easily depressed, but since we parted at the
    convention I have found the darkest hours of my past life! My
    excitement has been so great that for forty-eight hours I
    have not eaten an ounce, nor have I slept. I was in a constant
    apprehension of a rout; a constant panic existed in the lines,
    yet I managed so well, or such was my good luck, that not a gun
    was fired in or near the camp, or on the march (except to kill
    beef) from the Guadalupe to the Colorado.

    It was a poor compliment to me [he said] to suppose that I
    would not advise the convention of any necessity which might
    arise for their removal.

    I had to advise troops and persons of my falling back, and had
    to send one guard thirty miles for a poor blind widow (and
    six children) whose husband had been killed in the Alamo. The
    families now are all on this side of the Guadalupe. These
    things pained me infinitely, and with the responsibility of my
    command, weighed upon me to an agonizing extent.

    In a few days [he added] my force will be highly respectable. I
    am writing in the open air. I have no tent, and am not looking
    out for the luxuries of life. Do devise some plan to send back
    the rascals who have gone from the army and service of the
    country with guns. Oh, why did the cabinet leave Washington?
    We must act now, and with great promptness. The country must
    be saved. This morning I hear of men from the mouth of the
    river――they are on the march――you will hear from us.

The general wrote most of his dispatches at night, when he sat and
whittled a stick (he was a great whittler) while dictating, or while
thinking what to write.

But reinforcements were on the way; and word came that Colonel Rusk,
the secretary of war, had stationed a guard over the ferry across the
Brazos at Washington, with orders to stop all men going eastward with

General Houston was not saying much, but the belief was that a
battle would be fought on the 27th: for by this time Fannin or the
reinforcements would have arrived――particularly the cannon for which
Major Austin had been sent. He had promised to report in twelve days,
sure. Fight! That was what the army wanted to do: fight! By the way
Sion stormed about, one would have thought that he would do all the
fighting alone.

Then, in the evening of March 25, a new commotion swept the camp. Jim,
and Ernest, and Sion, sitting together, heard the shouts and saw the
running; and together they scampered for the centre of the disturbance.
A man had been brought in, by the corporal of the guard, and had been
immediately assailed by questions.

“Fannin! Fannin’s been whipped!” were the cries. “He and all his men
killed or captured! Refugio taken, too. All the lower Guadalupe wiped
out――a lot of the prisoners tied to oak trees and shot!”

By the time that the three boys breathlessly arrived, the messenger,
who was a Mexican countryman named Peter Kerr, was being hustled along
by the corporal. But he had answered enough questions so that his story
was clear.

Colonel Fannin had waited for the little garrisons at San Patricio to
collect the women and children and join him. But the advance of the
Mexican soldiers sent by Santa Anna into the south had been too rapid,
and the Texan troops had been cut off. Then on the morning of March
19 he had begun his retreat to Victoria, with 350 men and ten cannon.
But that same day, on a grassy prairie, he had been surrounded by
General Urrea and 900 cavalry and infantry, with cannon and about 100
Indians. Colonel Fannin formed a hollow square, and beat them off all
day long. Early the next morning 400 more Mexicans arrived, with more
cannon, and with 100 pack mules bearing new supplies. Sixty Texans had
been wounded, and there was no water, and very little food, and the
ammunition was almost gone. So before noon Colonel Fannin had agreed
to surrender. He and his men were to be treated as prisoners of war.
The outside volunteers were to be sent back to New Orleans and the few
Texas citizens were to go home, on parole, not to fight again in the

But this was bad news indeed. Jim indignantly hurled his hat on the

“Think of it!” he exclaimed. “Gee whiz! Think of it! Right at this time
when we needed that crowd! The Mexican says if Fannin had marched only
three miles further ’stead of camping in the open he’d have been in the
timber and all Mexico couldn’t have cut him off!”

“We can fight without him, anyhow,” blurted Sion. “We’ve got enough
to lick Sesma and Woll. And I reckon we’ll do it, about day after

“Don’t know whether we will or not,” retorted Jim. “And supposing we
do. They’re just an advance guard. There’s Urrea, now, down south, with
twelve or fifteen hundred regulars, and nobody to hold him; and there’s
Santa Anna coming, with a few thousand more. And who’s helping _us_?
Half of us are down with the measles, anyway. Where are those East
Texas militia we’ve been hearing about? Where are those reinforcements
and those cannon from the mouth of the Brazos? And look what we’ve
lost! All those companies from the United States, except the Newport
Volunteers that are in this camp. The New Orleans Grays, the Mobile
Grays, the Kentucky Mustangs, the Alabama Red Rovers, the Georgia and
Tennessee companies, and all the rest――the best armed troops we had;
and one of the best officers――Jim Fannin.”

“Well,” said Ernest, determined to make the best of it, “they weren’t
all shot. They just surrendered. Only half a dozen were killed and they
wiped out about three hundred Mexicans.”

“They all are paroled, though; they can’t fight any more. They won’t
break their parole; they’re not like Cos,” insisted Jim. “And remember
the Alamo. Every man massacred whether he’d surrendered or not. And
remember how those other men were tied to oak trees and shot. We’re
liable to hear the same kind of news from Fannin yet.”

“Can’t help it,” declared Sion, doggedly. “I’m here to fight, and so
are the other men.”

“You talk as if you were as tall as that gun you’re lugging round,”
scoffed Jim. “Sounds as if you were going to account for the whole
Mexican army.”

“This gun shoots just as hard as if I was as big as General Houston,”
stoutly answered Sion. “That Mexican said there was a boy named Harry
Ripley with Fannin; from Louisiana. He got wounded, and asked a woman
named Mrs. Cash, from Goliad, to prop him up so he could shoot. He
popped four more Mexicans before a bullet broke his steadying arm; and
then with a broken arm and a broken thigh he had to quit. Said he’d
made the Mexicans pay double for what they gave him. I reckon I can do
as well as any boy from the United States.”

“I reckon you can, Sion,” agreed Jim.

General Houston ordered the Mexican, Peter Kerr, under close arrest;
would not even talk with him, and claimed that he was only a miserable
spy, and should be shot, the first thing in the morning. But nobody
believed that this would be done; they all knew the general too
well――and Peter evidently had spoken the truth. Late that evening the
general was seen talking to him, and examining him. The next day there
was no execution; instead, when the army was paraded, they listened to
the adjutant, Colonel Ben Fort Smith, read a general order:

    FELLOW-SOLDIERS: The only army in Texas is now present. Travis
    has fallen with his men at the Alamo; Fannin’s troops have been
    massacred at La Bahia [which was Goliad]. There are none to aid
    us. There is here but a small force, and yet it is all that
    Texas has. We might cross the river and attack the enemy. We
    might be victorious――but we might be overcome. There are but
    few of us, and if we fall the fate of Texas is sealed. For this
    reason, and until I feel able to meet the enemy in battle, I
    shall retreat.

                             SAM HOUSTON,
                                        Major-General Commanding.

Not a cheer greeted the order. Instead, from angry men welled sullen



The camp was divided in opinion. Sion ruffled like an angry turkey-cock,
and the majority of the men were almost as indignant. Some even called
General Houston a coward――afraid to stand and fight. Only a few took a
calmer view and stood up for him, pointing out that Sesma and Woll were
being reinforced and that General Urrea was likely to come up at any
moment, from below, with a new attack.

“As for Sam Houston being a coward,” spoke Dick Carroll, “you gentlemen
misjudge him. No man who fought like he did under General Jackson,
and had that arrow jerked out from him, flesh and all, is a coward.
He charged those Creek breastworks away in front of his men. If he
retreats now, he’s simply playing for time.”

Ernest glowed to hear such words. _He_ knew that Sam Houston could be
no coward.

“Well, boys,” spoke another in the group, “I’ve women and children
between the Colorado and the Brazos, and I’m going to them this very
evening and move ’em eastward, orders or no orders.”

A number of men did leave, to move their families. The general gave
furloughs for this purpose to all who asked.

Camp was struck a little before dusk, and the march eastward toward
the Brazos was begun. Passing back along the column, and eying it, the
general turned and rode a short distance with Captain Robert Calder,
near Ernest and Jim.

“I should be glad to have your views on this retirement, sir,” invited
the general.

“I am willing to obey the orders of the commander-in-chief, general,”
replied Captain Calder. “We could have whipped the enemy there at the
Colorado. Our men all agree to that. But I suppose your idea is to draw
the Mexicans further into the country, until you can do the job slick
and clean.”

“This retirement is a necessity of war,” declared the general. “Yes,
sir; we could have whipped the enemy, back at the Colorado; but we
can’t fight battles without having men killed and wounded. We haven’t
the means of conveying ammunition and baggage, not to speak of the
wounded. A battle would handicap us fatally. Besides, a defeat of the
enemy at the Colorado would inevitably have united all the Mexican
columns against us. We will choose some good position on the Brazos
near San Felipe, where by means of boats we can drop down or up, and
give the enemy battle to our own advantage. I will do the best I can;
but be assured, the fame of Jackson can never repay me for my anxiety
and pain.”

The timber skirting the Colorado had been left behind when through the
column spread an alarm. A body of troops were sighted, approaching
across the prairie, from the south. Mexicans! A Mexican patrol――General
Urrea’s advance guard? No! Scouts galloped out, to investigate, and
scurrying back reported. Texans! More Texans! Reinforcements from the
mouth of the Brazos!

The column was halted, to wait.

“Listen to the drum!” exclaimed Jim, as he and Ernest sat their
saddles, watching. “They’ve got a drum!――and a fife!”

To brave beat of drum and piping of fife, amidst welcoming cheers the
new troops arrived. Three companies they proved to be――numbering only
130 men in all――under command of Major John Forbes: Captain Amasa
Turner’s company of regular infantry, and two companies of volunteers.
They brought no cannon, and few horses; but, of great importance to Jim
and Ernest, and Sion, they brought Leo Roark! From the wearied ranks he
gaily waved response to his cavalry friends, and Sion also called his
attention with a series of loud whoops.

The three companies fell into the place assigned to them by General
Houston, and marched on, the drum rattling merrily and the fife tooting
lustily. Music for the army!

That night at camp the four veterans of San Antonio had a reunion.

“What’s the meaning of this march, anyhow?” demanded Leo. “You-all are
heading the wrong way.”

“We’re going to retreat till we can lick the Mexicans one bunch at a
time,” answered Ernest.

“One man at a time, he ought to say,” growled Sion.

“Where are all your men, from your part of the country?” accused Jim of
Leo. “We counted on five hundred of you. You’d better have left your
drum and fife at home and brought cannon and mules.”

“Fetched in what men we could,” retorted Leo. “If you keep on
retreating you won’t get anybody! The people want their homes
protected. They aren’t going to fall back and leave their families.
First they heard of the Alamo massacre, and now they’re hearing about
Fannin’s defeat. When I left home my mother and the family were all
packed up, ready to light out.”

“My folks have gone――took only the little they could carry,” said Jim,

“So have mine,” said Sion.

Ernest, hearing, was glad, for once, that _his_ mother was in

Leo had enrolled in the company from Velasco, near where he lived. He’d
traded his shot-gun for a musket, but otherwise he was the same manly
Leo of the campaign against Bejar.

On the next day, which was Palm Sunday, March 27, the timber along the
Brazos River was reached. And when the march crossed the San Felipe
road, from the Colorado to the Brazos, rain had begun to fall, so that
all the bottom-lands were heavy with black mud.

Scores of settler families were pressing through the mud, for safety in
the east. Carts filled with the feeble and the children and household
goods were stuck fast in boggy places, and people, young and old,
mainly women and children, were trudging ankle deep――many with no
shoes, all wet and miserable.

“That’s sure a runaway scrape,” remarked Jim. And as the Runaway Scrape
is the frenzied flight still known. “An awful pity, too. Expect my
mother is out in the rain and mud, just like the rest. And Sion’s and

Morning dawned damply upon a muddy camp. When orders to march were
given, Captain Moseley Baker’s company refused to retreat any further;
and the wagon oxen of the Captain Wiley Martin company could not be
found. These two companies stayed behind; but the general, to avoid any
quarrel, ordered Captain Baker to remain at San Felipe and guard the
river crossing against the Mexicans, and for Captain Martin to guard
the Fort Bend crossing below. So for a little time Jim and Leo and
Ernest did without the pugnacious Sion.

In torrents of rain, Monday, the retreat continued, plastered with mud
and drenched with water. Creeks were forded. The wheels of the baggage
wagons that had been collected bogged to their axles, and several
times General Houston clambered off his horse and impatiently put his
shoulders to the tires, helping the men and oxen. His thin black coat
was soaked through and through.

“The general of the army has no blanket,” Ernest and Jim heard him
proclaim loudly, as he rode along with two or three of the officers.
“I had a very good one; it might shelter me from this pitiless storm,
but some scoundrel stole it. I am told,” he added, “that evilly
disposed persons have reported that I am going to march you clear to
the Redlands border of Texas. This is false. I am going to march you up
into the Brazos bottoms to a position where you can whip the enemy ten
to one, and where we can get an abundant supply of corn.”

It rained hard all that night――and a miserable night it was. Several
beeves were driven in and killed for food. The army huddled around huge
fires, cooking slices of beef and trying to dry their feet. The ground
was too wet to lie on. General Houston sat on his saddle, his feet on a
block of wood, and a borrowed blanket over his shoulders. Somebody at
one of the messes started a song, in a pleasant tenor voice.

    Will you come to the bow’r I have shaded for you?
    Your bed shall be roses bespangled with dew.
        Will you, will you, will you, will you,
        Come to the bow’r?

That was the way it began. The words drifted from fire to fire,
in a plaintive melody. Jim, squatted beside Ernest――both of them

“That’s surely a fine song,” he said. “Talk about a bed of roses!”

“I’ll take a good hard plank for mine,” quoth Ernest. “Without dew. Am
wet enough already!”

He nodded off, into a dose, but was awakened by Jim nudging him.

“Look at the fire,” bade Jim, in low tones. “San Felipe’s burning!”

The sky in the south was red, and growing redder. The rain had ceased,
and upon the overcast sky the lurid glow mounted high and higher. All
the camp was awake, watching, in a state of fresh alarm.

General Houston had arisen from his saddle seat, and was stalking from
mess to mess.

“I gave no orders for this,” he repeated. “The citizens have done it.
It is a military measure, to anticipate the enemy. But there is no
battle. We hear no guns. The enemy shall not cross the Brazos. It is
well defended. Should they reach the west bank at San Felipe they will
find no shelter and supplies.”

However, the burning of the town――the first American town in Texas,
located by Stephen Austin――put the army in the dumps again, and the
song of “Will You Come to the Bower” was not renewed when the men
prepared for another dismal march. Three taps of the drum, by the
general himself, as the reveille, fell flatly on the heavy atmosphere.
Some of the men had left families on the Brazos near San Felipe――some
owned houses in San Felipe itself; and they hated to move further on,
while behind them the smoke pall hung. Where were the Mexicans? Henry
Karnes and the “Deaf Smith Spy Company” were constantly out, on the
scout, but they brought in no definite news.

On March 31, which was Thursday, camp was made in the bottom-lands near
Groce’s Ferry, of the Brazos between San Felipe and Washington. It
looked as though this was to be a camp for several days, at least, for
the general set everybody at work clearing away the brush on the margin
of a large pond back from the river.

What next? Nobody seemed to know. The army had retreated over 200
miles from Gonzales, and now had dwindled down from the 1300 men at
the Colorado to only a little more than 500 men. But the general was
energy itself. He never quit for a minute. The steamboat Yellowstone,
commanded by Captain Ross, was found at Groce’s Ferry loading with
cotton for the Gulf. The general ordered this seized and held, to be
used should the army cross to the east bank.

He formed the little army into regiments. General Burleson commanded
the first, and Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney Sherman of the Kentucky
volunteers (the company with the beautiful flag) was promoted to
command the second. The cavalry were attached to this regiment, and now
for the first time Jim and Ernest were under a settled officer. Leo
remained in the infantry, under Colonel Burleson, and Sion was still
down opposite the ruins of San Felipe, with the Captain Baker company.

The camp was aroused each morning by the three taps of the drum at
the general’s quarters, and there were daily drills. There also was
rain――rain, rain, rain, until the camp was a mud island, for the river
Brazos overflowed and surrounded it. Rain, mud, and measles, and bad
water; half the men ill with one disease or another, and the general
laid up, part of the time, in a tent that he had procured.

Then, on the second of April, came bad news. It permeated the
discontented camp like wild-fire. Colonel Fannin and his men had not
been paroled, but had been killed: shot down, or bayoneted, on Palm
Sunday, March 27, at Goliad, by the Mexican companies! Three hundred
and twenty――think of it――320 of the rank and file, marched out upon the
prairie, and slain by the Mexican soldiers! Santa Anna himself had sent
the orders.

The New Orleans Grays, the Red Rovers of Alabama, the Mustangs of
Kentucky, and all――all except twenty-six or twenty-seven who had dodged
the bullets and had escaped in the brush. Colonel Fannin and Colonel
Ward of the Georgians had been shot separately. It was worse than even
the Alamo.

Now news was received, at last, from the Mexican army. The Deaf Smith
Spy Company, who had been out on a long scout, returned with the word.
The army were coming in three separate columns. Santa Anna was leading
the centre column, from Gonzales straight eastward for Beason’s on the
Colorado and thence to San Felipe. A southern column under General
Urrea was marching from Goliad northeast for the coast. A northern
column under General Gaona was marching by way of Bastrop (or Mina), on
the Colorado above Moore’s Retreat for Nacogdoches in the far east. Six
thousand soldiers in all was given, by the spies, as the number――and
they were sweeping Texas with orders to shoot every Texan caught
bearing arms. All the country was in full flight; the roads from the
Brazos east were crowded with panic-stricken settlers.

Lorenzo de Zavala, the vice-president, joined the camp, with a company
of eighty men from the Red Lands. He reported that Thomas J. Rusk, the
secretary of war, was on his way to help in the fighting; and that two
cannon from Cincinnati had been landed at the coast and were being
hurried forward.

The general sent the Redlanders down river to reinforce Captain Baker’s
company opposite San Felipe at the San Felipe crossing, and gave strict
orders that no man was to leave the camp without permission. Secretary
Rusk arrived on April 4; but even he could not calm the discontent.
Were the army to stay here while the republic was being ravaged by
Santa Anna? What was the matter with that Sam Houston, anyhow? Leo
raged, Jim was sarcastic, and even Ernest felt his courage ebbing.

On April 7 the general issued an army order:

    The moment for which we have waited with anxiety and interest
    is fast approaching [he said]. The victims of the Alamo and
    the spirits of those who were murdered at Goliad call for
    cool, deliberate vengeance. Strict discipline, order, and
    subordination will ensure us the victory. The army will be in
    readiness for action at a moment’s warning. The field officers
    have the immediate execution of this order in charge for their
    respective commands.

“Big words,” fumed Jim. “But what do they mean? Here we are, squatting
in the mud and growing web feet. Couldn’t get off this island if the
Mexicans were right opposite. Oh, yes; _we’re_ safe; but what of the
rest of Texas? What of _our_ folks? Next thing, we’ll hear of some more
massacres, down the river. I’m sick; I’ve had the measles and now I’ve
got a cold. What we need is another general.”

That day cannon shots were heard, from down the river. A battle!
The Mexicans were trying to cross at San Felipe. Now the camp was
in a fever, indeed. Would Captain Baker and the Redlanders hold the
crossing? The three boys listened with anxious hearts, for Sion was
there in the fight.

The firing continued for two days, on and off. Then it ceased. Colonel
Alex. Somervell came in with the report that the Mexican advance guard
had retired without crossing. But there was considerable talk about
making Colonel Sidney Sherman the commander-in-chief. However, in the
morning notices, signed by General Houston, were stuck up with wooden
pegs on the trees, saying that any man who attempted to organize
volunteers from the army would be “court-martialed and shot.” This
stopped much of the talk.

More recruits joined from East Texas. Among them was one especially
nice-looking man, with the high-sounding name of Mirabeau Buonaparte
Lamar. He was from a famous Georgia family; had been a newspaper
editor, and could write poetry. He had walked almost all the way up
from Velasco to join the Texan army as a private. The men agreed that
he would not remain a private long.

Colonel Rusk, the secretary of war, was reported to have been sent by
the government on purpose to urge General Houston to fight. And a tart
dispatch was received from the president.


    SIR: The enemy are laughing you to scorn. You must fight them.
    You must retreat no further. The country expects you to fight.
    The salvation of the country depends on your doing so.

                                                 DAVID G. BURNET.

The general appeared to pay no attention to this interference, as if
he were bent upon pursuing his own plans. But it was rumored that one
column of the Mexican army had crossed the Brazos, at last, and was
heading eastward. This might be so, for on the morning of April 12
orders were issued to break camp and prepare to leave. All that day and
half of the next day the steamboat Yellowstone and a ferry flat-boat
were busy carrying the 523 men, the wagons and the horses and oxen,
from the west bank to the east bank.

Affairs looked brighter. At Groce’s, on the east bank, the two cannon
from Cincinnati were found waiting. They were iron six-pounders and had
been presented by the citizens of Cincinnati to the Republic of Texas.
It seemed good to Ernest to see something that had been in Cincinnati.
He rather believed that his mother had looked upon these cannon. He
wondered if she had guessed that they were coming straight to him――and
why she had not thought to put a note in them!

No cannon shot accompanied them; all had been lost on the long way.
But blacksmiths were set at work cutting up horseshoes and chains and
other iron, to be tied in cotton bags, as canister. Colonel Hockley was
placed in charge of the cannon.

Yes, one column of the Mexican army had crossed the Brazos. A dispatch
from Captain Wiley Martin told this. A portion of the column had
threatened him at Fort Bend, while the rest of the column had gone
below and seized a ferry kept by an old negro. They had yelled to the
negro in English, and he had thought that they were some Texans wanting
the ferry.

The general promptly issued a proclamation, to reassure the people of
Eastern Texas. He said:

    You have suffered panic to seize you, and idle rumors to
    guide you. You will now be told that the enemy have crossed
    the Brazos, and that Texas is conquered. Reflect, reason with
    yourselves, and you cannot believe a part of it. The enemy have
    crossed the Brazos, but they are treading the soil on which
    they are to be conquered.

    If you wish your country saved [he continued], join her
    standard! protect your wives, your children and your homes, by
    repairing to the field where alone, by discipline and concert
    of action, you can be effective.

But the Mexicans were marching on!


    Route of Texan Army under Houston: ― ― ― ― ―
    Route of Mexican Column under Santa Anna: + + + +]

That night, tired of the nagging from Jim and Leo, who sided with the
men who thought that they knew more than the general did, about a
campaign, Ernest sought out Dick Carroll for comfort. He and Dick, at
least, would stand by the general. There were others, too.

“Don’t you worry about the general, boy,” assured Dick. “He’ll hoe
his row, in spite of the stones. And some day this army, and all
Texas, will thank him. It takes a big man to manage a retreat. Anybody
can fight, but few have the nerve to hold off till the proper time
to fight. A lot of these complainers aren’t reasonable. Hyar we
are, porely armed, porely drilled, porely provisioned, pulling all
ways――some of us skipping off home without staying to fight――and we’re
expected to stop right in their tracks an army ten times our size,
veteran soldiers, the best in Mexico, and commanded by a general who’s
never known defeat. We’ve got to oppose strategy to force. This one
army is up ag’in really three armies, all bigger; and we can’t fight
and run away to fight in another place, on account of the floods.
Besides, we’ve got the Injuns to look out for. These East Texas
settlements are open to attack from the prairies, and that northern
column of Gaona is liable to fetch along Injuns. The Comanches and
Cherokees are ready for the warpath, I hear tell.”

“But the general’s letting the centre column get ahead of us,” hazarded

“No, he isn’t. He’s letting it get in front of us, and that means we’re
behind it. It’s got to look two ways, now. And it’s marching further
and further, and separating more and more from the other columns. Sam
Houston wants it to run on the rope a bit longer; then he’ll lick it,
and have time to tend to the others. That’s my notion of what Sam
Houston is up to.”

“Where do you think they’re going, Dick?”

“Who? The centre column that crossed the Brazos? To Harrisburg, I
reckon, and try to capture the government cabinet.”

“Is Santa Anna with them?”

“Don’t know. Nobody seems to know yet. But we’ll find out. About twenty
miles beyond here the road forks: one fork continues on east to the
Trinity and Nacogdoches, the other fork bends south for Harrisburg. And
if we don’t take the south fork I miss my guess.”

It was generally known that all the companies down the Brazos had been
ordered to meet the main body at Donoho’s Ranch, five miles east. This
looked like business. To-night the camp was more cheerful. The fife
played the tune “Will You Come to the Bower,” some of the men sang, and
even Jim and Leo sought their blankets less disgruntled.

The next noon, of April 14, camp was made at Donoho’s, to await the
companies that had been ordered up from below. This camp was rather
hard on the Donoho place, for most of the fence rails were torn down to
feed the camp fires. A number of refugee families were collected here
on their flight to the Trinity River and eastward still. Jim looked in
vain for his “folks.” The wearied outfits with their carts and oxen
hastened onward, fearful lest the army pass them and leave them exposed
to the enemy.

Captain Baker arrived to report that his company were on hand, camped
by the road about three miles further on. Captain Martin also came in.
He said, very distinctly:

“General, I have brought but my sword. On hearing that you are
retreating to Nacogdoches my company refuse to remain with you, and
declare that they must protect their families.”

“Are you and your men willing to retreat beyond the Trinity to
Nacogdoches, captain?” asked one of the men, of Captain Baker.

“Never, never!” answered the captain, determinedly. “If General Houston
will not take us to meet the enemy, we will elect a commander who

The general was standing talking with Captain Martin only a few feet
away, and heard. But he replied not a single word.

An old negro also arrived from below. He said that he had been the
ferry-man near Fort Bend, whom the Mexicans had bamboozled. They had
held him several days.

“Dey gwine straight on to Harrisburg to ketch the gubberment,” he
proclaimed. “Santa Anna wif ’um. Yessuh, he wif ’um. I done saw him.
He say: ‘You tell Sam Houston I know he up dere in de bushes, an’ when
I get done wif dese land-robbers down hyar I’se comin’ up to smoke him
out,’ Yessuh; dat’s what he say.”

Camp was made the next evening at Mr. McCurley’s ranch, thirteen miles
east. More refugees were here. The Martin company had been ordered by
the general to proceed on and to protect the settlers crossing the
Trinity from the Indians. That suited the company better. But the Baker
company were picked up, and Sion joined his three comrades again. He
was gleeful, but also critical.

“We drove those Mexicans back from the river, all right,” he asserted.
“We got fooled, though, once. Thought we saw a thundering big lot of
cavalry coming full tilt, and after we’d set fire to the town, against
’em, we found out they were only a bunch of cattle. Anyway, here we all
are, now. And if Sam Houston doesn’t let us take the Harrisburg road
to-morrow, to meet up with Santa Anna, we’re going to elect a general
who will.”

“Colonel Rusk says we’re going to Harrisburg,” spoke Ernest, hopefully.

“He does, does he?” responded Sion. “Huh! Maybe he’s the boss and maybe
he isn’t. We’ll mighty soon find out, to-morrow.”

The march was resumed in a driving rain. The men trudged heavily, and
even the horses seemed to share in the rebellious feeling. But General
Houston had given no indication of what he had decided, and rather a
pathetic figure he made, as he rode along in the pelting storm. He
still wore his thin old black coat; his whitish hat flopped on his
head, his legs were clad in baggy snuff-colored trousers and cowhide
boots; and his sword was tied around his waist by buckskin thongs. A
month’s beard covered his face.

The fife and drum had played a tune at the beginning; but when the
Roberts ranch, where the road forked, was reached, the music stopped,
and the rear of the column crowded up against the hesitating van.
General Houston had spurred ahead. Mr. Roberts the rancher was standing
at his gate, talking with several officers, as the general arrived.
With the cavalry, in the advance, Ernest heard the words plainly.

“Is that the road to Harrisburg?” demanded the officers.

“Yes, sir,” answered Mr. Roberts; and he pointed. “This right-hand road
will carry you down to Harrisburg as straight as a compass.”

“To the right, boys! To the right!” shouted the officers, galloping

As the word passed, a great cheer arose. The head of the column
promptly turned into the south, on the right-hand trail. The music
struck up blithely. The general sat his horse, watching, with a little
smile on his haggard face.

And down the Harrisburg road briskly marched the column, to find Santa
Anna, now fifty miles in the lead.



Harrisburg was only about twenty miles inland from Galveston Bay of
the coast. So Santa Anna had marched clear across Texas, with General
Houston at first before him, and now behind him. On the bay shore east
of Harrisburg was the town of New Washington; and a few miles north
of New Washington was Lynch’s Ferry and Lynchburg, of the San Jacinto
River――just above where the river, flowing southward, widens into San
Jacinto Bay in the upper part of Galveston Bay.

From the west, Buffalo Bayou (near whose mouth is to-day located
the city of Houston) joined the San Jacinto River at Lynch’s Ferry.
Somewhere to the south of the angle formed by the Bayou, and the San
Jacinto River and bay, were the Santa Anna army. They could not go much
further east, that was certain. They would go north, for East Texas.
Urrea was taking care of the south.

To-day’s march from McCurley’s ranch was a hard one. The prairie road
was soft with bogs and with mud from the rain, and everybody was
in a hurry. The “Twin Sisters,” as the Cincinnati cannon had been
christened, were dragged with long ropes――a score of volunteers lending
their hands. The cannon wheels and the wheels of the wagons sank deeply
into the mushy sod. The general frequently dismounted and helped push
and pull. There were so many sloughs and creeks, also, that it took
until dark to go twelve miles, and even then camp was made on wet
ground at the edge of a sluggish creek.

Buffalo Bayou, curving into the south as it reached back from the San
Jacinto, sent out many branches; and Jim and Ernest and all were well
fagged out when, before noon of April 18, the third day from McCurley’s
and the forking of the trails, the toiling army at last reached the
main channel of the bayou, almost opposite Harrisburg.

Not a Mexican soldier had been sighted; but now, slightly to the
southeast, across the bayou, lay Harrisburg. It had been burned, for
a veil of smoke from its smouldering rafters hung low over the bayou
timber, marking the site.

So there, between the bayou and the coast, a short stretch of
timber-dotted prairie and swamp country, was Santa Anna with his army.

However, the other army were almost too tired to talk. During the
forced march of fifty-five miles from McCurley’s, in two and a half
days of rain and mud, Jim and Ernest had scarcely seen Leo and Sion.
As soon as the camps had been located, and supper eaten, everybody had
gone to sleep. Now the word was passed that a half day’s rest would be
given, to freshen the army up for a battle.

Deaf Smith and Henry Karnes, the chief scouts, took two or three of the
Deaf Smith Spies, and swimming their horses, crossed the rapid bayou on
a raft, to reconnoitre. Otherwise it was a lazy afternoon. But about
dusk Deaf Smith returned, driving two prisoners before them. He made
them row the raft, and followed them in to camp, a pair of leather
saddle-bags in his hand, his rifle in the other. There was no use
yelling questions. But――――

“I know that one fellow, and so do you!” exclaimed Ernest, to Jim.
“That little fellow. Remember him? He’s a _paisano_ from Bejar. He was
in Captain Seguin’s Mexican company, too, before San Antonio.”

“Well, you never know which way those _paisanos_ are going to jump,”
quoth Jim.

The two prisoners were conducted to headquarters by Deaf Smith. The
“little fellow” proved to be a guide for Santa Anna; and the other
prisoner was a captain in the Mexican army, who had been carrying
dispatches from General Filisola the Italian to Santa Anna. Deaf Smith
had caught both of the men on the main road for Harrisburg.

The guide told General Houston that the Santa Anna army numbered 500
infantry and 100 cavalry. As for the dispatches in the leather bags――――

“Jiminy!” cried Sion, who with Leo sought out the other boys, after
having skirmished for the true news. “Deaf Smith says those dispatches
were so fresh that the ink on ’em was hardly dry yet. Those were
Travis’s deerhide saddle-bags――had his name on ’em. The dispatches
told us just what we want to know. Santa Anna’s ahead, all alone, with
only six hundred men. Urrea’s clear down at Matagorda. Gaona’s away
back up north, toward Bastrop. He got lost. Filisola and Sesma are at
the Brazos, near Fort Bend below San Felipe; and the only thing that’s
liable to interfere is Cos the parole-breaker. Filisola’s hurrying him
forward with five hundred men.”

“Yes,” put in Leo, “and Deaf Smith says Harrisburg was burned on
the fifteenth, and the Mexicans got to the bay just in time to see
President Burnet setting out in a skiff for Galveston Island. Only
three printers were left in the town. Then Santa Anna started on for
New Washington and Lynch’s Ferry, to cut us off if we retreated east.
But when he finds we’re here to fight him, and have cut _him_ off, in a
pocket, he’ll have to get out either over the bayou again, or else by
Lynch’s Ferry. He doesn’t know we’re here――he thinks we’re retreating
to the Trinity and Nacogdoches. That’s what all the settlers have told
him. And if we hurry we can beat him to the San Jacinto, and he’s _our

“He sure is!” exulted Jim. “This army can lick any six hundred Mexicans
that ever were born.”

“I reckon Sam Houston knew his business, after all,” admitted Sion.

That night the camp was impatient for the dawn. Deaf Smith estimated
that the Mexican army were less than a day’s march away. If they
weren’t overhauled before they crossed the juncture of Buffalo Bayou
and the San Jacinto River they’d have a clear lead again, and could go
on up to Nacogdoches, and summon the Indians of the northern prairies,
and perhaps unite with the Gaona column.

General Houston and Colonel Rusk, the secretary of war, had had a

“We don’t need to talk,” the general was reported to have said. “You
think we ought to fight, and so do I.”

There still were some men who feared that the general might wait.
Colonel Sherman promised his regiment that _if_ the general would _not_
fight, they could follow him and he’d soon give them enough. But an
aide summoned him and Colonel Burleson to headquarters and when Colonel
Sherman returned, everything was all right.

The general had asked him and Colonel Burleson if they had beef on hand
for three days.

“Yes, sir,” they replied.

“Very well,” had said General Houston. “You will see then that each
man is supplied with cooked rations for three days, and hold the camp
in readiness to march. We will see if we can find Santa Anna. Good
evening, gentlemen.”

The morning dawned for a day of energy. The army ate a hasty breakfast
of beef strips wound around green sticks and held in the blaze, and
orders were given to fall in. General Houston rode in front of the
lines, and from his horse made a speech. It was a short speech, but it
was enough.

“The army will cross, and we will meet the enemy,” he declared. “Some
of us may be killed, and must be killed. But, soldiers, remember the
Alamo, the Alamo, _the Alamo_!”

“By thunder, after that speech there’ll be mighty few prisoners taken;
I know that!” exclaimed Major Somervell.

Colonel Rusk began an address. He had proceeded only a few words, when
he stopped, amidst the cheering, and bowed, and said, simply: “I am
done.” He evidently saw that no more words were necessary.

First, the bayou was to be crossed. It was fifty yards wide, and
running swiftly. The old ferryboat――a scow――had been found, but it was
leaky, and the general fumed angrily when he saw that it had not been
repaired according to orders. There was no time to repair it now. If
Cos or Santa Anna should come while the army were crossing――whew!

The boat had no oars, even. General Houston flung off his black coat,
grabbed an ax, and began to hew an oar from a piece of fence rail.
He delivered orders right and left, while he hewed. A second oar
was needed. Men were set at work tying rawhide ropes and horsehair
_cabrestas_ or picket lines together. Only the saddle-horses, the “Twin
Sisters” teams, and one baggage wagon were to be taken. The rest of the
baggage and animals, and the sick men, were to be left here on the west

Thirty pioneers or trail-makers were sent over first, while four men
bailed. They carried an end of the rope, and made it fast to a tree;
and the rope, thus stretched from bank to bank, formed a guide for
the boat. When the boat was returned, rowed and paddled, the general
himself leaped aboard, afoot, with the next detachment. His horse
whinnied, and sprang into the water and swam after. Colonel Rusk stayed
on the west bank. Running between them, guided by the rope, the boat
made passage after passage. To help out, the raft which had served Deaf
Smith was called into service.

The infantry and cannon and wagon were transferred before the cavalry
moved. The boat soon was leaking much worse, and threatened to sink or
capsize. The four men bailing furiously could scarcely keep it afloat.

Noon passed, and still the cavalry waited, and still the infantry were
being ferried by scow and raft, urged from either bank by the shouts of
the general and Colonel Rusk.

Somebody in Ernest and Jim’s company had picked up, on the ground where
the general’s quarters had been located, a piece of paper which he had
thrown aside. It was the first part of a note, written in lead pencil
to Mr. Henry Raguet, of the Committee of Safety in Nacogdoches. The
fragment said:

                             CAMP AT HARRISBURG, April 19, 1836.

    SIR: This morning we are in preparation to meet Santa Anna. It
    is the only chance of saving Texas. From time to time I have
    looked for reinforcements in vain. The convention adjourning to
    Harrisburg struck _panic_ throughout the country. Texas could
    have started at least four thousand men. We will only have
    about seven hundred to march with, besides the camp guard. We
    go to conquer. It is wisdom, growing out of necessity, to meet
    the enemy now; every consideration enforces it. No previous
    occasion would justify it....

“Sounds like business,” approved one of the men, as the note was

Toward sunset only one boatload of the infantry remained to be ferried.
Sion and Leo had gone――they had waved to Jim and Ernest; and balancing,
Sion had grinned with glee at the adventure.

“Cavalry’s turn, now, gentlemen,” called Colonel Rusk. “Swim your
horses well below the ferry, and don’t crowd.”

“Come on, boys,” bade Colonel Sherman. “Tie up your bridles.”

The bridle lines were tied loosely about the horses’ necks, so that the
animals would not entangle their feet, and by companies the horses were
led to the water’s edge. Then the men fell back, forming a half circle,
to shout and wave their arms and hats, and crowd the horses forward. In
plunged the gallant Colonel Sherman, to head his own horse across, and
slipping from the saddle, to swim alongside, holding by the mane.

On the bank the front rank of horses were pressed forward by their
comrades behind, jostling and snorting to the shouting and waving of
the men. Presently in splashed one horse, and another, and another,
to launch in the wake of the Colonel Sherman horse. Some disappeared
entirely as they took the plunge into the deep water. In went Jim’s
horse; in went Duke――practically heels over head; and Ernest watched
anxiously for him to break the surface again, for it was well known
that if a horse got water in his ears, while swimming, he would drown.
But up bobbed Duke’s yellow head; he blew the water from his nostrils,
and bravely stuck out along with the procession.

Every horse of the sixty reached the opposite bank without mishap;
scrambling out, shook himself violently, and joined his fellows, herded
together by the first of the cavalrymen ferried across.

The baggage wagon and the Twin Sisters had been rafted over. Twilight
was gathering when the last boatload of men was landed. Colonel Rusk
accompanied it. He stepped ashore, and he and General Houston gripped
each other’s hands. The camp guard left at the other side cheered.

“Thank God,” uttered the general. And, to the colonels commanding:
“Form the ranks.”

Now across Buffalo Bayou, on the Harrisburg and Santa Anna side toiled
the little army, at best pace. In the darkness they clattered over a
bridge which crossed a branch bayou running north into Buffalo Bayou.

Vince’s Bayou, was this, by report along the column, and Vince’s Bridge
of the road from Harrisburg: the road taken by the Mexican army. But
presently the column left the main road and diverged to the left,
following closer the timber down Buffalo Bayou.

“Great Cæsar!” murmured Jim, dimly seen as he rode at Ernest’s right
hand. “If this keeps up all night we’ll reach the mouth at the San
Jacinto, and Lynch’s. Can’t go any further then without more ferrying.”

By midnight the infantry were staggering and stumbling, and even the
horses moved on leaden feet. But nobody complained. Seven hundred
fighting Texans were hot on the hunt for 600 hateful invading Mexicans,
and the two trails would meet somewhere close ahead.

At one o’clock by the stars (for the sky had cleared at last) the
order to rest for two hours was given. The infantry dropped in their
tracks, Ernest and Jim and the other horsemen simply tumbled from their
saddles. And here concealed in the fragrant evergreens the little army
panted and shivered and dozed.

“After this war’s over,” mused Jim, drowsily, huddling under his wet
blanket beside Ernest, “I’m going to change my clothes. A fellow likes
a clean shirt and dry socks _once_ in a while! Maybe to-morrow I’ll
capture an officer and take his. Those Mexican officers dress fine.”

“Guess Sion and Leo are getting all the action they want, this time,”
stammered Ernest, with teeth chattering. “But we’re lucky that none of
us had to stay with that camp guard, back at the bayou crossing.”

“Those fellows certainly did hate to stay,” agreed Jim. “They’re liable
to have to fight the whole Mexican army, though, if there’s a retreat.
Or Cos may attack ’em on his way in.”

Ernest dropped into an uneasy sleep. He dreamed that he was home and
that his mother was trying to tuck him in bed with covers which were
too short!

The easternmost stars were just paling when the camp was aroused
by orders to fall in again. Stiffly all obeyed. Ernest had faint
recollection of the usual three taps of the drum, from the general’s
quarters, as first signal――but he had found it very hard to obey them.
However, now the officers were urging――the general’s voice was echoing
through the grayness――somebody said that he had slept with the coil
of cannon rope for a pillow――and into the cold saddles on the hunched
horses must the cavalry climb.

“Hee-yaw!” yawned Jim. “We’re riding, anyhow. Only the cavalry and the
high-up officers have horses. That’s tough on some of the officers
who’ve been a-straddle all the way from the Colorado.”

“Wonder if we ever eat again,” responded Ernest, who had a woefully
hollow feeling.

“Sure thing,” asserted Jim. “The general, he’ll just take us in sight
of those Mexicans cooking breakfast――so we can smell the coffee, you
know; then he won’t have to give a single order, but you’ll see us
charge a-whooping, for the kettles!”

Camp had been made without supper. The march was made without
breakfast. Nobody could accuse the general, now, of dilly-dallying!

Away galloped the Deaf Smith Spy Company, commanded by Henry Karnes the
red-head, to scout in advance. The army could always depend upon the
Deaf Smith Spies. At slower pace the column followed, plodding wearily
and hungrily through the damp timber and the tall prairie grass,
cloaked in the chillness of early dawn.

After a march of seven miles, halt was ordered for breakfast at last,
in the sunrise. Rations had given out, but several cattle were sighted
near, and were driven in and killed. Speedily the soldiers, horse and
foot, were grouped about fires, toasting the fresh meat on sticks,
regular buccaneer fashion. The cannon horses were unfastened from the
traces, and they and the mounts of the cavalry and the field officers
industriously grazed. It was a wild and picturesque sight: 700 ragged,
bedraggled, whiskered men (not to speak of the boys) squatting around
fires, their guns in their laps, and all intently toasting bloody meat.
The sun, which had risen above the timber of the crooked Buffalo Bayou,
shone peacefully upon them, through the magnolias and live-oaks, and
upon the prairie beyond.

This process of breakfast-getting was very slow; and Ernest, with eyes
smarting and mouth watering, was manipulating his meat on his stick,
trying to hurry it, when an exclamation from Jim interrupted him.

“Aw, shucks! Here come those scouts, lickity-split, as if they had some
sort of a big tell! Why can’t they wait till a fellow’s eaten?”

Along the timber edge from the east a squad of the scouts, led by Deaf
Smith, were racing back to the army.

“What’s the matter now?” hailed voices, impatiently.

“Saw the enemy. They’re on ahead a short piece. You-all’ll have to

Up sprang the camp. The cannoneers leaped for their team, the cavalry
for their saddles. Having listened shortly to the report of Deaf Smith,
the general roared his orders――repeated briskly by Colonel Burleson and
Colonel Sherman, and by the company captains.

“Fall in, men! Fall in!”

“By gravy, I don’t leave my meat, you can bet,” scolded Jim, running,
with his laden, smoking stick, for his horse. Ernest followed his
example. Men were doing the same. The army “chawed” as they went.

The scouts reported that a few miles before they had encountered an
advance guard of the Mexican army――had been chased but had escaped.
Nobody killed. By all appearances the Mexican army were marching from
New Washington north to cross the San Jacinto and the mouth of the
bayou at Lynch’s Ferry. Washington had been burned.

Throughout the ranks, afoot and mounted, rifles began to crack. Jim
promptly shot into the air, and swiftly reloaded.

“Go ahead. Clean out your gun,” he bade, to Ernest; and Ernest likewise
pulled harmless trigger. His little rifle spoke smartly.

The general came riding furiously down the column.

“Stop that firing!” he fairly bellowed.

“No, we won’t, general,” replied somebody, good-naturedly. “Our guns
have been loaded over two weeks and we don’t intend to meet the enemy
with our powder wet.”

The general drew his sword.

“I’ll run the next man through who fires without orders,” he declared.


“It won’t do for you to try that game, now, general,” warned the
shooter. The ranks laughed. General Houston glared around him for an
instant, and with a shrug of his great shoulders clapped his sword back
and rode to the front again.

The column lunged forward at best speed. Now indeed it was a race to
see which army would be the first to reach the crossing. Colonel John
A. Wharton, of the staff, took thirty of the cavalry and dashed away,
to reconnoitre the crossing and keep the enemy in play until the army
could arrive. Jim and Ernest regretfully watched the advance disappear
in the margin of the timber. Only men had been picked, mainly from one

“I always knew I ought to have joined that company, in the first
place,” deplored Jim. “Now they’ll find Santa Anna and get all the best

But no sounds of a battle were heard――ah, yes, there echoed a rifle
shot! And another. The shooting ceased. And when, breathless, dripping,
men and horses alike, with perspiration, the army rounded a shoulder of
timber, they saw, before, an expanse of flat, marshy ground, inhabited
by myriads of piping, screaming wild fowl; eastward still was flashing
San Jacinto Bay, with the juncture of the Buffalo Bayou and the San
Jacinto River above its upper end――the few scattered houses at Lynch’s
Ferry, and the waiting horsemen of Colonel Wharton’s command. Not a
Mexican soldier was in sight.

The Colonel Wharton detachment were found at the ferry landing in
possession of a fine new flatboat equipped with a sail and loaded with
foodstuffs. They said that Captain Hancock and Lieutenant Crain and
four others had arrived before the rest, and that a guard of twenty
Mexican soldiers had fled south without firing a shot. Had left the
flatboat, of course――for which, much obliged to them! Santa Anna had
shipped the boat up the bay from New Washington, to be ready for him.
Now he could come and get it.

“We won. Hurrah!” cheered Ernest, excitedly. “We beat Santa Anna to the

“Yes, sir; and we corralled a flatboat full of breakfast, too,”
reminded Jim. “Do you see that big house yonder, across the San
Jacinto? That’s Lorenzo de Zavala’s house. He lives here. He and
Colonel Lynch and the rest of the bay fellows are right at home.”

General Houston immediately ordered the boat taken up the bayou about
three-quarters of a mile, and the army to follow along the bank, out of
the flat to the timber.

Camp was made on high ground in the shade of great live-oaks, whose
branches were festooned with the drooping Spanish moss. It was a
beautiful spot. The bayou, wide, and sluggishly flowing in a curve
between green banks, was behind. On the left the San Jacinto River
rippled past the bayou’s mouth, and widened into San Jacinto Bay,
bordered by salty marshes. On the right, distant about six miles,
Vince’s Bayou extended down to Vince’s Bridge in the southwest, at the
Harrisburg road. Before, a rolling prairie stretched two miles to the
swamps of the inward curving bay. A timbered rise jutted out before the
camp; and several hundred yards out on the prairie, were two timber
“islands,” or motts; one in front of the camp, the other to the left.

The general lost no time in getting ready for Santa Anna, who could not
be more than a couple of miles distant. He planted the Twin Sisters in
the edge of the trees on the little rise. Colonel John Neill commanded
the battery. Two hundred infantry, including Leo’s company, armed
with muskets and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Millard of the Texas
Regulars, were stationed behind the cannon. Sion and the other riflemen
of the First Volunteers under Colonel Edward Burleson were placed on
the right wing, the Second Volunteers under Colonel Sidney Sherman
on the left wing. The cavalry were back of the Millard musketeers or
regulars. The gold and white flag, surmounted by the glove of Colonel
Sherman’s bride, floated over the centre.

Now it was noon.

“I reckon if nobody’s coming we might as well eat,” quoth Jim, while
for a brief space the army waited, and peered across the prairie beyond
the timber. “What do we call it, anyway? Last night’s supper? We’ve got
three meals due us. De Zavala ought to invite us all over to his house
for a snack.”

De Zavala the patriot did not quite do this; but, as the prairie
remained apparently peaceful, presently orders were issued for the men
to go ahead with their three meals in one. Fires were lighted, beef was
toasted once more――when on a sudden back through the high grass along
the timber came galloping once more the Deaf Smith Spies. They had
sighted the Mexican army advancing. The camp left its beef and seized
its arms.

“Seems as if we didn’t get time for anything any more,” complained
Ernest, as he and Jim ran for their saddles. “It’s just up and down, up
and down.”

“That’s right,” concurred Jim. “We’ve been wanting to fight, and now we
have to fight even to eat!”



Almost an hour passed, with the Texan army waiting and ready, and the
gold-fringed flag lazily flapping in the sea breeze.

“There they come,” announced a man sitting his horse at Ernest’s left.
“If we don’t lick ’em Peggy McCormick will. She lives yonder on the bay
and owns a square league of this prairie. They’re treading down her

It was two o’clock. The Mexican army were in sight at last, advancing
from the left, along the marsh of the bay. Their colors flew, bayonets
and scabbards occasionally glistened, the officers’ trappings sparkled.
Infantry and cavalry they were――yes, and artillery, for there was a
cannon drawn by mules.

On they marched, steadily――and their drums were heard beating in
cadence. They made a compact mass, as if they did not intend to stop
but to proceed right ahead to the ferry crossing.

Ernest’s heart thumped rapidly. No orders issued from the general,
who was composedly standing with Colonel Hockley and Colonel Rusk and
others of his staff, between the Twin Sisters battery and the Colonel
Burleson regiment, and watching the Mexican advance.

“By cracky, they’ll have to fight or swim――or do both!” exclaimed Jim.
“What are we here for, anyway, do they think?”

At this moment a bugle call shrilled gaily from the Mexican ranks.
Out galloped the artillery mules, dragging the one cannon to the
furthest of the timber islands, opposite the Millard infantry. It was a
challenge! From the trees puffed a cloud of smoke, and accompanying the
heavy report, in among the live-oak branches along the bayou rattled a
storm of grape-shot.

But the Twin Sisters were answering. How Colonel Neill and his
artillerymen hustled!

“Lie down, men! Lie down!” shouted the regular and riflemen officers.
The cavalry, well back in the shelter of the festooned live-oaks, were
safe. General Houston still stood erect. The Twin Sisters and the
Mexican piece were booming back and forth.

Again sounded the bugle, and again. The Mexican infantry deployed a
long line, and ran forward through the grass, firing――halting, firing,
loading and running again, making for Colonel Burleson’s regiment. The
Twin Sisters were turned on them――the regiment began to fire, “Crack!
Crackity crack! Crack-crack-crack!”――and the Mexican soldiers scurried

“Neill’s hit! Look at him!” cried Jim. “Thunder!”

Colonel Neill was staggering; down he sank. A grape-shot had struck
him in the thigh. But the Mexican troops were charging. They swept out
gallantly, along the front of Colonel Sherman’s regiment, and entered
some timber curving to the right.

The Mexican skirmish line had retired, though. How the Burleson men

Colonel Sherman spurred to the general. He talked a few moments, and
back he galloped to the cavalry.

“Forward, cavalry!” he shouted. “Follow me. Let’s drive those
_vaqueros_ [cowherds] out of that timber.”

Around to the right he dashed, and glad of the chance the cavalry
pressed after him――Ernest bending low on Duke’s neck, to avoid the moss
and branches, and Jim keeping with him, stride for stride. But the
Mexican troops were scarcely sighted. Mexican sharpshooters were there,
though, among the trees, and without any fight the cavalry must return
again before being cut off. Nobody was hurt.

The army were cheering. All the Mexicans had retired; all but the
artillery and cavalry were marching back, toward the mouth of the San
Jacinto; the field-piece had been withdrawn further into the timber
island. The Twin Sisters were peppering the island, and the rear of the
Mexican army, but it was rather blind shooting.

Having arrived at the marshy timber stretch southward against the San
Jacinto bay, the Mexican army halted, and appeared to be making camp
there, three-quarters of a mile away, on other rising ground.

“Our turn now!” shouted a score of voices, along the Texan lines.
“Let’s smoke ’em out.”

Everybody, except the general, was eager to charge, and finish the
battle then and there. Some of the officers approached the general and
asked him either to lead out or else appoint a leader. The men were
wild to avenge the Alamo and Goliad. They did not mind being hungry,
and worn with the forced marches by day and by night.

“Santa Anna first, then Cos!” was the cry.

But the general turned a deaf ear. To the officers he shook his head
under its big whitish hat.

“No, gentlemen; not yet,” he opposed. “This is not the moment. The loss
would be too heavy. I intend to conquer, slay and put to flight the
entire Mexican army, and it shall not cost me a dozen of my brave men.”

“That’s right,” sung out a private. “Make it an easy-going fight,

The cannon piece was still in the timber island; and Colonel Sherman
begged for permission to go out and take it, with cavalry. The general
finally consented that the cavalry should reconnoitre the timber, but
not fight.

However, the fiery Colonel Sherman led straight to the island in the
prairie. Suddenly the Mexican dragoons issued into the prairie, and out
came the Mexican sharpshooters, too.

“Charge those dragoons, boys!” ordered Colonel Sherman. “Empty their
saddles for them!”

“It’s a fight!” yelped Jim, gleefully, as the column half wheeled and
in company front charged for the dragoons.

Chief Scout Handy was here, spurring on well to the front. So was Mr.
Lamar. He had borrowed a horse and joined for the fun of the thing.
A number of other riflemen had borrowed horses and volunteered. The
dragoons stood their ground. Captain Handy fired; Jim fired; Ernest
fired. All the men fired, and dragoons fell. The dragoons charged. The
Texas rifles were empty and the long Kentucky rifles of the volunteer
horsemen were hard to reload, on horseback. The Mexican infantry were
double-quicking forward, and shooting. Alwyn Trask was knocked from his
saddle with a broken thigh; Woodliffe was wounded; Walter Lane was cut
off and almost surrounded――he was gone――no――see Lamar――see Lamar! He
has sped for Lane, shoots a Mexican foot-soldier dead, rides right over
a second, reaches Lane’s side, wrests the gun from the hand of another
Mexican, and with Lane unharmed gallops back to the troop!

Hurrah! But there are too many Mexican soldiers. Isn’t the general
sending reinforcements? No.

“Back to the camp, boys,” shouted Colonel Sherman; and just in nick of
time they skirted the timber island and cleared the fast approaching

General Houston was furious. He asserted that Colonel Sherman had tried
to bring on a fight, against orders. Colonel Sherman was angry, also.
He claimed that the general had left him out there in danger of being
cut off.

“That Lamar sure can ride, though, can’t he!” declared Jim. “He’s
afraid of nothing, that man!”

“We lost two good men, just the same,” replied Ernest. “Trask will die,
the doctor says; and Woodliffe can’t fight any more.”

This night the camp fires of the two armies twinkled at each other in
the low mist across the dip of prairie. General Houston posted double
pickets, beyond the timber of the bayou, to guard against any surprise.

After a good supper――the first square meal in thirty-six hours――there
was a short interval of liberty. Sion and Leo strolled over to the
cavalry. The four comrades had not met for several days.

“Hello,” greeted Sion. “Say――why didn’t we fight to a finish to-day?
Those Mexicans are fortifying. From our end of the line you can see
breastworks going up.”

“Yes; and to-morrow Cos is liable to get here,” added Leo. “To-day
we’re about even match.”

He and Sion were thin and ragged, but still game.

“I don’t know,” retorted Ernest, rather irritated, for men were putting
the same question, one to another, and again the army were indignant
with General Houston. “I suppose he wants to rest us up.”

“Shucks! I’m never too tired out to fight a Santa Anna Mexican,”
proclaimed Sion. “That was a toler’bly smart march he put us through,
anyway. And you fellows had a nice little scrimmage, while it lasted.”

“It’d have lasted longer if some of you other fellows had come out and
backed us up,” accused Jim. “Then we could have gone on and taken Santa
Anna and his whole bunch――just like Sherman intended.”

“How could we go out and back you up, when we didn’t have orders?”
answered Leo. “One thing’s sure, though: we don’t retreat any more. If
Houston wants to retreat, he’ll go alone. We’ve got Santa Anna pocketed
and we’re going to put our hands on him while we can.”

But Ernest _knew_ that General Houston had no notion of retreating.

“Young de Zavala’s come into camp,” remarked Leo, as if to end the
discussion. “The colonel’s boy. Have you seen him?”

“No,” said Jim. “What’s his kind?”

“He’s all right,” assured Sion. “Smart little lad. He says he could see
the battle from the house, but he wants to get a little closer. Brought
his gun and fixin’s, and thinks maybe he’ll shoot Santa Anna――if Sam
Houston lets us get close enough!”

“You wait till to-morrow. We’ll all be close enough,” prophesied Ernest.

“Listen to that flute,” bade Jim. “Same old tune.”

The flute was piping, and some of the men joined with tenor voices.

    Will you come to the bow’r I have shaded for you?
    Your bed shall be roses bespangled with dew.
        Will you, will you, will you, will you,
        Come to the bow’r?

The song drifted sweetly through the great oaks and their drooping

“Special invitation to General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna,” quoth
Leo. “Well, think I’ll go to bed. We musketeers have orders to turn
in early. I’ll see you to-morrow, after we-all finish our easy-going


Sion and Leo left. The flute ceased, and the song ceased, and everybody
went to bed. The companies slept in ranks, on their arms, ready for any
sudden call. As Ernest, rolled in his blanket, was about to close his
eyes, a large figure, blanket-draped, moved past, in the gloom of the
trees. He recognized it at once. It was the general, alone, exploring
around as if to see that his army were safely tucked in bed. Current
opinion had it that the general himself never went to bed until about
four in the morning――when he went to bed at all; and between drum-taps
and breakfast usually slept about an hour while the men were being
prepared for the day’s duties. So now here he was, inspecting his
weary, resting soldiers, and perhaps thinking upon to-morrow’s battle.
Big and silent and broody, he was rather a comforting sight.

Strangely enough, almost everybody slept late, this morning of April
21; that proved how tired the army really were. General Houston did not
appear until after the sun had risen. He had again used the coil of
cannon rope for a pillow. He looked happy and confident for the first
time in a long while. The report came from his staff that on opening
his eyes to the sunshine he had sprung up alertly with the words:

“The sun of Austerlitz has risen again!”

“Now, what did he mean by that?” demanded Jim.

“I don’t know,” confessed Ernest.

“Austerlitz was a big battle won by Napoleon, in Europe,” said Mr.
Lamar, overhearing. “Napoleon thought that the sunshine brought him
good luck for the day.”

All eyes were searching the Mexican camp. Santa Anna had completed his
fortifications, by extending a low breastwork, broken in the middle,
from the timber on his right into the prairie on his left, along the
crest of a gentle slope. Spy-glasses showed the field-piece in the

No order to advance to the attack was given, and, waiting, the men
began to growl and murmur again. Little indignation meetings were held.
Rumor claimed that a floating bridge was to be built, over the bayou,
to be used in a retreat. Then there was the report that the general had
discussed tearing down the de Zavala house, for bridge timber, and had
decided against it.

About nine o’clock the Deaf Smith Spies, who were out reconnoitring,
returned in haste. Deaf Smith said, in passing, from his saddle: “The
enemy is increasing.”

Presently a file of pack mules, escorted by soldiers, were seen
crossing the prairie to the south, as if they had come from Vince’s
bridge. They disappeared around a swell in the middle of the prairie.

“There’s Cos!” exclaimed Jim. “He’s joining Santa Anna!”

“We ought to have cut down Vince’s bridge,” spoke Ernest, aghast,
wondering why the general hadn’t ordered so.

But the general now rode along the front, saying, loudly:

“Those are not additional troops. It is a ruse, men. Santa Anna is
simply marching a detachment around the hill, to deceive us.”

However, Deaf Smith and a small party went galloping away, again, to
the west, as if to investigate; and from the Mexican army sounded a
tremendous cheering and rolling of drums.

While Deaf Smith was gone, Colonel Wharton walked among the lines. He
clapped his hands briskly, saying, from group to group:

“Boys, there is no other word to-day but fight, fight! Now is the time!”

That was encouraging. Still the morning wore away without orders. It
was hard waiting. Some of the men formed a parade, inviting the general
to act. That did no good.

About eleven o’clock a council of war was held. General Houston sat
on the ground under a live-oak, and his field officers gathered
around him. After the council was over Mr. Lamar talked with
Lieutenant-Colonel Bennet, and returning to the cavalry reported
that the Deaf Smith Spies had reconnoitred the last camp of the mule
and soldier column which had been seen, and had found “sign” of 500
men――Mexicans. So the Cos reinforcements they were. Then General
Houston had called the council of war, and put the question to vote:
“Shall we attack the enemy in his position, or await an attack from him
in ours?”

Colonels Burleson and Sherman, and Lieutenant-Colonels Millard and
Alex. Somervell, and Secretary Rusk voted to wait an attack. Colonel
Rusk declared:

“To attack veteran troops with raw militia is a thing unheard of; to
charge the enemy without bayonets, in an open prairie, has never been
known. Our situation is strong; in it we can whip all Mexico.”

Only the two juniors, Lieutenant-Colonel Bennet and Major Wells, had
voted to go forward.

“I didn’t think that of Burleson and Sherman and Rusk and Somervell,”
exclaimed Jim. “Did you? They’ve been wanting to fight, all the time.”

“Look at the general,” bade Ernest. “What’s up?”

For Deaf Smith and Moses Lapham, another scout, were sitting their
saddles, each with an ax in hand, and listening to the general. Deaf
Smith held his palm behind his ear, the better to catch the words. He
nodded, understandingly, and wheeled his horse.

“Fly back like eagles,” directed the general, “or that beautiful
prairie grass will be crimsoned before your return.”

Deaf Smiths leathery face broke into a wrinkled smile.

“Looks a good deal like a fight, general,” he called, over his shoulder.

Out he and Moses Lapham galloped, for the west, followed by four other

“I know!” blurted Jim. “They’re going to cut down Vince’s Bridge and
pocket Santa Anna and Cos complete!”

“And stop any more reinforcements,” added Ernest.

“Santa Anna’s got near twelve hundred men, already,” answered Jim. “But
now we’ll all be in here together. It’ll be a fight to a finish. Here
comes the general.”

General Houston, in his whitish hat, his ragged stained black coat and
snuff-colored trousers, cowhide boots and sword dangling in its rusted
scabbard from his thong belt, was striding from cook fire to cook fire,
among the messes.

“Do you want to fight, men?” he was inquiring, right and left. “Shall
we fight, or wait? I know the opinion of the officers; but what do
_you_ say?”

Shrill cheers and hoarse shouts volleyed at him. Impulsive hands
slapped him on the shoulder.

“Fight! Fight!”


“Lead us out, general!”

Jim and Ernest joined in the uproar. The general was now smiling

“All right,” he announced, repeatedly. “Very well. Get your dinners and
I will lead you into the fight, and if you whip them every one of you
shall be a captain.”

“Golly!” grinned Jim. “I can hear Sion yell clear here. See those
fellows yonder cutting capers, though!”

“Mr. Lamar’s been promoted colonel!” said Ernest, hearing a chance
remark. “For what he did yesterday! He’s to lead _us_!”

“He’s some Napoleon himself, for this Austerlitz,” babbled Jim,
joyously. “His middle name’s Bonaparte.”

Now all was elation and excitement, but dinner was eaten with a good
appetite. The general seemed to be in no hurry. After dinner, time was
given for the men to inspect their rifles and muskets.

“How many men have we, anyhow?” queried a soldier in Ernest’s squad.

“Seven hundred eighty-three, by last count.”

“That makes less than two to one against us.”

“No odds at all.”

The army were ready. Word passed that the general was thinking of
postponing the attack until daybreak to-morrow. The men were on edge.

“Wonder what we _are_ waiting for?” asked Jim.

“For Deaf Smith maybe,” hazarded Ernest.

“Why doesn’t he come, then? He had to go only eight miles.”

All talk was nervous and disjointed. The Mexican camp seemed very
quiet; not a movement could be described in the portion visible around
the timber island on the left. The sun had long crossed the zenith, and
was declining toward the west. It was after two o’clock.

The general had been in consultation with his field officers. They
separated――Secretary Rusk nodding as if in approval. Orders came for
the men to form ranks. Colonel Lamar vaulted into his saddle, and there
was a rush for horses. The Twin Sisters, at the edge of the timber on
the high tongue, were being attached to their teams.

The lines were straightened under covert of the oaks: the cavalry,
westernmost, first on the right; next Colonel Millard’s regular
infantry with their muskets――and Leo, next the Twin Sisters, a little
in advance; next Colonel Burleson’s First Regiment of riflemen,
with Sion in it; next, on the extreme left end of the line, Colonel
Sherman’s Second Regiment of riflemen. All this took considerable time,
and three o’clock had passed.

General Houston rode in the rear of the line saying:

“Hold your fire, men! Hold your fire, for close quarters!”

An aide galloped to Colonel Lamar. Colonel Lamar drew his sword and

“Forward, march!” he shouted. He led off, to the right, at an amble,
to circuit between the two timber islands. The flute, in the Colonel
Burleson regiment, was playing “Will You Come to the Bower?” and the
drum was softly keeping time.

“We’re coming, all right,” remarked Jim, to Ernest.

Ernest glanced back. The whole Texas line, two deep, was advancing,
the cannon tugged lustily by the straining teams, Colonel Hockley
urging with his sword. General Houston was pressing behind, his head
bare. The fifer was tooting, the drummer drumming. Before, on the
left or southeast, the Mexican camp seemed all unsuspecting, and the
breastworks of branches and baggage basked in the warm sunshine.

“Trot!” shouted Colonel Lamar. The little squadron of sixty riders
rushed on, through the prairie, the grass brushing their stirrups. Now
there were tokens of excitement in the Santa Anna camp. Officers and
men were running and gesturing. In the distance their faces looked
white with alarm, where the sun shone full upon them.

“We’re surprising ’em!” gasped Jim.

As the cavalry, beginning to loosen bridle reins for swifter pace,
preparing to charge, Ernest glimpsed, with the corner of his eye, a
speck on the prairie to the westward. A horseman.


Texan Charge: ― ― ― ― ―>]

“Gallop!” shouted Colonel Lamar, raising his sword-blade. The horses
leaped to the spur――and at that instant Duke, good little yellow Duke,
plunged head-first, his leg in a hole amidst the grass. Over his nose
dived Ernest――lighting sprawled and helpless. His rifle flew from his
grasp, and his head was full of stars.

For a moment or two he lay, half stunned. Then he struggled to his
feet, and gazed about him dizzily. The squadron had galloped on and
were before. Of course they would not stop. Duke had attempted to
follow, and now was standing, uneasily, head up, snorting. The rifle
was buried somewhere in the grasses. Ernest took hasty but wavering
steps to look for it. He must have that rifle, by all means. His head
still swam with his fall.

But see――here was the Texan line, almost parallel with him. How rapidly
it had come. The men were beginning to double-quick, through the
prairie dip, with guns trailed. Their faces stared before, hard-set
and eager under their flaring hat-brims. They had deployed, to
wider intervals, so that the men of the rear rank should have space
through which to aim. The Twin Sisters were in the advance――no, they
had halted, were whirling around――the gunners applied match――Boom!
Boom!――and the canister hissed for the Mexican breastworks.

General Houston was still behind the centre――he was waving his old
whitish hat and shouting, as if still bidding the infantry to hold
their fire.

“Hold your fire, confound you! Hold your fire!” he roared.

The fluter was playing. “Will You Come to the Bower?” piped the notes,
as waist high in the grass the long line swept on, with never a shout,
and with the gold-fringed, glove-capped flag of the Newport Volunteers
streaming in the breeze. The Twin Sisters spoke again, and advanced,
their horses at a gallop.

There was a thud of hoofs close by Ernest. The horseman from the west
had arrived. He was Deaf Smith. His horse was lathered with sweat, his
swarthy face was dripping, he was blackened and muddy. Past Ernest he
sped, struck the right of the line, flourishing his ax.

“Vince’s Bridge is down!” he screamed. “Fight for your lives, and
remember the Alamo!”

Along the line he raced, reiterating his message. General Houston had
spurred through the gap left by the artillery and was to the front,

“Vince’s Bridge is down!” he repeated louder than Deaf Smith. “Charge!
Charge! Remember the Alamo!”

A blare of voices which seemed to rock the prairie answered him.

“Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!”

The piping of the flute and the booms of the Twin Sisters alike were
drowned by that tremendous yell. The line broke into a run. It was now
not 100 yards from the Mexican breastworks――General Houston leading the
centre. The Twin Sisters could not fire again, for the gap had closed
before them, as the Millard musketeers and the Burleson riflemen joined

Bugles had sounded from the Mexican camp――all appeared in turmoil
there; but suddenly a bloom of white smoke enveloped the front of the
breastworks, and a volley of musketry and cannon shot crashed through
the soft air. Bullets whined by, overhead. Ernest’s eyes leaped to the
Texan line again. It had not fallen――it was surging on――the general
sat upright――but his horse staggered――no, kept its feet. Was it hit?
Why didn’t the army shoot? Ah――the line had abruptly halted, with the
Mexican breastworks only sixty yards away; the rifles and muskets
were levelled, and veiled in smoke. Back to the breastworks reeled
the first Mexican soldiery. It looked as if every bullet had found a
mark. See! The line did not wait even to reload. It raced on, shouting,
“Remember the Alamo! Remember Travis! Remember Fannin!” What a medley
of savage cheers! The men had drawn their pistols; they had reversed
their rifles, to club with them. General Houston’s horse was swallowed
up――maybe it was down――as right against the breastworks burst the
line――burst, breaker-like, into a high spray of pistol and musket
shots, lunging knives and bayonets, rifle butts rising and falling,
horses leaping――and poured over!

Back from the breastworks, into the swamp at the rear, streamed
rivulets of fleeing men――the Mexican soldiers. But the Texans were
after them. There went Deaf Smith, on foot, alone――he had lost his
horse, but no matter. He was shooting with a gun――shooting at the
Mexicans. Some of the Mexicans were in the swamp to their knees. The
officers’ horses had bogged. From the timber at the east end of the
breastworks scampered the Mexicans posted there, with Colonel Sherman’s
riflemen pursuing furiously. A Mexican officer remained standing on
the ammunition boxes behind the field piece. He shouted in vain to his
artillerymen. He folded his arms defiantly; then he got down and slowly
walked away, as if challenging the Texan rifles. He was a brave man,
but it was no use. He fell, crumpled.

But a battalion of the Mexicans did rally. They levelled their bayonets
and charged, behind the breastworks; charged so violently that the
Texans before them wavered and recoiled. Here came General Houston――on
his horse, waving his hat. The Texans there stiffened, the guns spoke
all together――and away melted the Mexicans, into dead, wounded and

Somewhere in that hurly-burly were Sion and Leo. There did not seem
to be many Texans killed yet. But where was the cavalry? There it
was, chasing the Mexican horse and foot, cutting off their retreat to
the west, turning them back toward the swamp and bay, shooting them,
driving them. The reports of guns had died to irregular spatters; the
fighting appeared to be a constant series of hand-to-hand combats――and
not even that. Many of the Mexican soldiers were kneeling, holding up
their arms for mercy. Henry Karnes was spurring hard in pursuit of a
Mexican officer on a big black horse. The officer was fleeing westward,
across the prairie. Would Henry catch him and kill him? Were all the
Mexicans to be killed?

Ernest sickened and tried to turn away from the sights. At that moment
he heard a heavy panting, and a rustling in the long grass. Down he
instantly sank; his eyes fell at last on his little rifle, and reaching
out he grabbed it.

The rustling and the panting rapidly came nearer――and a black head and
swarthy face appeared, over the grass tops; a running figure in a blue
cotton uniform was breaking a way. It was a Mexican soldier, his bared
hair dank with perspiration and dark face staring, affrighted.

Ernest silently crouched low, waiting; and as the figure was about to
pass, up he sprang, and over his levelled rifle bade, as sternly as he
could: “Halt!”

The soldier stopped in his tracks――saw the rifle muzzle, his mouth,
open with exhaustion, quivering convulsively――and down he dropped on
his knees.

“Me no Alamo! Me no Alamo!” he chattered, holding out his empty hands
with piteous entreaty.

He was perspiring so with his agony of fear, he was such a cheaply
clad, miserable refugee, that Ernest was almost ashamed to threaten
him. Still, he must not be let go, to fight again, maybe, against Texas

“I won’t hurt you,” said Ernest gruffly. “Get up.” And he repeated, in
Spanish: “Get up. Turn around.”

With shaking knees and heaving chest the soldier slowly obeyed, his
hands still over his head. Now what was to be done with him? March him
to the camp? But Duke was yet to be caught, and as like as not the
prairie grass was full of these fugitives, some with their guns.

Then, while the soldier stood, trembling and babbling, to his relief
Ernest saw Jim coming at a gallop.



“Why didn’t you catch your horse and come on?” demanded Jim, hot and
jubilant. “What you got there? Another _hombre_ [man]? Are you hurt?
Seen any more Mexicans in the grass? Gosh, didn’t we-all whip ’em? That
wasn’t a battle; it was a massacre. Wait a minute. Keep your bead on
that fellow till I catch your pony.”

“But they were killing them! Our soldiers were killing them!” cried
Ernest, half in a sob, his cheek still against his rifle stock, the
rifle bead wavering against the miserable Mexican’s twitching shoulders.

Jim sobered as he rode for Duke.

“I know. It was awful. The general or anybody couldn’t hold the men in
at all. They were crazy mad. They remembered Travis and Fannin. So did
the Mexicans. That yelling scared ’em worse than the guns did. When our
men tore into ’em they fell down on their knees and said ‘Me no Alamo!
Me no Goliad!’ but that didn’t make much difference, at first. Our men
didn’t wait to argue. There was too much to do. But they’ve about quit,
now. That swamp’s just choked with Mexicans and horses, where they
tried to cross. Here’s your pony,” and having easily caught Duke he led
him back. “Take your rope and put it on your _hombre_, while I cover
him, and we’ll take him in between us. We can’t stay out here. They’re
done fighting, and you’ve struck one blow for liberty, anyhow, even if
you missed the big scrimmage.”

That was so. And Ernest felt satisfied to have captured an enemy
soldier instead of having tried to kill one. He unfastened the hair
picket-rope from Duke’s saddle, and approached his prisoner.

“Put down your arms,” he ordered, gruffly. “I am going to tie you.”

The man obeyed; he started nervously as the noose slipped over his arms
and around his cold wet waist. Ernest drew the noose tight and keeping
the rope taut, mounted Duke. “March!” he commanded.

With the soldier trotting at the fore, between them, the two boys
jogged for the battle-field.

Yes, the fighting was about over with. Riders on their own or on
Mexican horses were ranging the prairie, heading off fugitives and
turning them back. In the timber and at the swamp a few rifles were
occasionally cracking. On a timber island in the swamp, a considerable
body of Mexican infantry, some 300 or 400, had rallied together, and
were cowering, under their officers, as if not knowing exactly what to
do. Behind the breastworks General Houston could be seen riding slowly
about, gesticulating and bidding the Texans to cease shooting, and
indicating where prisoners should be taken. A guard was stationed over
the late camp, and the baggage piled there.

“The whole Mexican army were having their _siesta_ [mid-day rest] after
dinner,” explained Jim. “Officers were asleep, cavalry horses were
being watered bareback, muskets were stacked, and all the soldiers were
either lying down or playing cards. They never knew we were coming till
we were clear out on the prairie, and the Sherman men were flanking ’em
in that timber, on their right. We didn’t do at all what they expected
us to do. I reckon General Houston knew what he was about, even when he
let Cos come in. He says he waited to make one bite of the cherry! We
licked ’em in fifteen minutes! They didn’t have time to reload after
that first volley!”

“Did the cavalry do much, Jim?”

“Naw, except to chase around. We were sent out to make a feint and
draw attention while the infantry came on. But their dragoons didn’t
stand. I popped once or twice, but don’t think I hit anything. I’m no
good shooting at a man’s back. So I corralled a few ‘Me no Alamo’s and
turned ’em in. All Texans looked alike to those Mexicans. Then I came
out after you. I sure would admire to have captured Santa Anna, though.”

“Isn’t he there?”

“Uh, uh; not, the last time I heard. He and Cos are
gone――vamoosed――skadoodled. The fellows are looking for ’em, over
toward Vince’s Bayou.”

When they arrived (Ernest with his soldier prisoner in leash), the
field behind the breastworks was a scene of wild confusion; of huddling
Mexican soldiers and of cheering, grimy Texans almost beside themselves
with joy. The breastworks, of baggage and branches, were battered and
crimson, and the ground far and near, and the swamp, were not pleasing
to look upon. The general had fallen from his horse――no, his horse had
sunk under him, lifeless from several bullets received in the charge;
and he himself was being supported by Colonel Hockley, his boot bloody.
He was wounded in the ankle――ankle shattered, they said――by the volley
from the breastworks.

Colonel Wharton and other officers were hurrying about, restoring
order among the elated Texans. The prisoners were rapidly being herded
together where the Mexican camp had been, near the timber. Sion and Leo
were swaggering around, wearing Mexican sabers and grenadier shakoes or
tall caps. They seemed to be as crazed as the others. But their sabers
and shakoes were wrested from them, and they were put at work helping
collect the plunder and pile it up. Jim and Ernest, having delivered
the prisoner, were added to the guard over the camp, a more agreeable
task than searching the battle-field.

The principal body of Mexicans had now surrendered to Colonel Rusk.
The sun set. General Houston was on another horse, and shouting the
order for the men to fall in. But they were still shaking hands and
capering and cheering. Three times he shouted, as he rode among them;
nobody paid attention, though companies did begin to form. So he gave
up, starting out, with Colonel Hockley and another aide or two, for the
camp at Buffalo Bayou.

“Men, I can gain victories with you, but confound your manners!” he
rumbled, as he rode away.

However, this set the pace, and the men prepared to follow him. Colonel
Rusk was conducting his captives slowly across the prairie. Through
the twilight most of the horsemen who had pursued the Mexican remnants
clear to Vince’s Bayou had come in again, some with prisoners. Henry
Karnes reported that the officer whom he had chased, on the black
horse, had leaped, horse and all, into the bayou at Vince’s Bridge, and
had escaped. He might have been Santa Anna, and he might not. At any
rate, Santa Anna and General Cos both were gone.

It had been a great victory. As General Houston had promised, less than
a dozen “of my brave men” was the price; for only eight Texans were
killed, and twenty-three wounded. But 630 Mexican dead were counted, on
the ground, and more may have been lost in the grass and timber, and
swallowed by the swamp. There were 208 wounded, and several hundred
prisoners; a large quantity of muskets and pistols and sabers, 300
mules, 100 horses, tents, bedding, ammunition, food, clothing, the
twelve-pound cannon, General Santa Anna’s silver-mounted saddle, his
military chest containing $12,000; and other money besides. Leo picked
up a belt, full of dollars, that had dropped from a soldier, and he
added it to the common fund, for nobody was yet permitted to keep

The Mexican officer who had stood by the cannon so long, and then had
walked away so defiantly, was General Castrillon, a brave man. Not a
Texan but was sorry that he was counted among the 630.

Now the Texan army, save for a guard left at the Mexican camp, took
their prisoners and set out for their own camp in the live-oaks of
Buffalo Bayou. The general had ridden weakly, with shattered ankle
dangling, and the advance overtook him. There was no order about this
return, and men, passing the general, slapped him on well leg or
wounded leg, it didn’t matter to them which, asking:

“Do you like our work to-day, general?”

The general needs must wince at the slaps, but he answered

“Boys, you have covered yourselves with glory, and I decree to you the
spoils of victory. I wish none of them. Valor shall be rewarded. I only
claim a share in the honors of your triumph.”

Then on reaching camp he fainted. Colonel Hockley caught him from his
horse just in time, and laid him under the big live-oak that had been
his headquarters before. His boot was cut from his swollen foot, and
Dr. N. B. Labadie, the surgeon, dressed the wound, which looked to be
a pretty bad one. A heavy musket ball had passed clear through, just
above the ankle joint.

This was a night of celebration. The Mexican troops who had surrendered
in a body were brought in by Colonel Rusk. There were 400 of them, in
command of General Juan N. Almonte. This made over 700 prisoners! Now
very few of the Santa Anna column were unaccounted for. By the close of
the next day only forty, of the 1300, were known to have escaped.

General Almonte was familiar, by name or person, to many in the Texan
army. He had once taken a census of Texas, for the Mexican government.
Ernest had seen him at Gonzales. He seemed to be light-hearted, for a
prisoner, talked in good English with officers and men, and accepted
his fortune of war.

“Nobody but Americans would have thought of attacking in the afternoon,
during the _siesta_ period,” he declared, laughing. “Especially after
we received reinforcements. Had you come yesterday, or in the morning,
we would have been ready for you.”

After supper the camp fires were heaped high with wood and by their
flames the army held a regular carnival. The whiskered men donned the
captured pistols and knives and uniforms, and put gold epaulets on the
very mules; they danced and pranced, shouted “Independence!” sang
“Will You Come to the Bower?” and “Texas Shall be Free,” and pestered
the Mexican officers by capering up to them and demanding, in their
faces: “Santa Anna? Santa Anna? You Santa Anna?” until the officers
grew so tired of it that they tore off their shoulder-straps, to avoid
the tormentors.

Several hundred candles from the Mexican supplies were distributed and
lighted; torch-light processions were formed, and parades given, while
the whoops and songs shook the mosses hanging from the oaks.

Even Dick Carroll (who was unharmed, Ernest soon had learned) cut up as
roundly as the others.

“We told ’em about the general, didn’t we!” he hailed, as arm in arm
with a squad of cronies he pranced by.

“We sure did,” responded Ernest, who, with Jim and Leo and Sion, was
waving his candle and prancing also.

“Biggest general that ever lived,” voiced Jim.

“And some smart man,” added Sion. “The top of the heap. It took nerve
to manage this army but he had it.”

“Reckon we’ll make him president, now,” quoth Leo. “President of the
Republic of Texas. He wouldn’t let the men shoot those ravens; did you
hear? The ravens were flying over the battle-field, and he said not to
hurt ’em. They were his bird and their heads were pointing westward.
Maybe he’ll be president of Mexico, too, if we go on and take it.”

“The Raven’s his Indian name,” reminded Ernest, staunchly. “Of course
he wouldn’t want one killed.”

“Well, General Sam Houston, hero of San Jacinto, is good enough name
for _me_,” proclaimed Sion. “And any man who wears that name can take
me through the mud wherever he pleases, after this.”

Yes, in the frolicking camp among the illuminated live-oaks the men
were cheering for Sam Houston as much as they were for “Texas” and
“Independence.” They seemed to forget they had complained of him and
nagged him and called him a coward and threatened to leave him. They
remembered only that he had struck at the right moment and had led them
to a glorious victory.

There was not much sleep for anybody in camp this night――and
particularly for the general, who tossed on his blanket, suffering from
his wounded ankle.

But Santa Anna was one of the first thoughts in the morning. To make
the victory complete he must be seized, at all hazards. Squads were
dispatched to search the grass and timber for him――and for General Cos,
also. And even before announcing his victory to the government, the
general sent out couriers to gladden the refugees with the great news.

With several men of the Captain Moseley Baker company Sion rode gaily
forth on a captured Mexican horse.

“General Sam says if we find a Mexican _hombre_ on all fours in the
grass, dressed worse than a private, to be sure and fetch him in,” he
called, as he passed.

“That boy certainly has luck. He’s liable to capture Santa Anna all by
himself,” complained Jim. He and Ernest were ordered on guard detail
over prisoners, Leo having been sent to help bury the bodies on the

The morning wore away. By noon most of the searching squads had
returned. A few more prisoners were brought in, but none was General
Santa Anna.

Then about three o’clock, while the camp was taking its _siesta_, and
Ernest and Jim, off duty with Leo, were idly watching him plait a rope
from white and black horsehair that he had collected, Leo suddenly

“There come Sion and the Baker squad. With another prisoner――isn’t it?
One horse is carrying double.”

“Or else somebody’s been hurt, or lost his mount,” added Jim.

“I know Sion’s long pea-shooter, anyhow,” said Leo.

Yes, Sion it was; and Jim Sylvester and Joel Robinson, also of the
Captain Baker command. Jim had a man behind his saddle. Sion was
guarding on one side, and Joel at the rear on the other.

A prisoner that was, then: a little man, with black side-whiskers,
in private’s uniform of enamel leather flat cap, blue striped cotton
blouse, dirty white cotton pants, and heavy coarse socks. He looked
well frightened.

“Shucks! No Santa Anna, again,” deplored Leo.

“Sion’ll have some big story,” chuckled Ernest.

But as the three horsemen reached the guard line before the camp, a
stir sounded from amidst those 700 prisoners herded by the picket ropes
stretched among the oaks, and an awed murmur and clapping of hands

“El general! (the general!)”

“El presidente! (the president!)”

“Santa Anna!”

“That’s he!” the men exclaimed, springing to their feet.

The captors heard the explosive words. Jim Sylvester, halted by the
officer of the day, Colonel Forbes, waved his hand triumphantly; the
little man with the side-whiskers and the shabby clothes visibly paled
and shrank. Sion spurred eagerly to his chums.

“That’s he!” asserted Sion, excited. “Hear what those other _hombres_
say? Watch them salute him! We didn’t know, but we suspected something.
He’s got on pointed shoes, high-class, and under his coat’s a mighty
fine white shirt with gold studs in it!”

“Where’d you find him, Sion?”

“Off yonder about ten miles, across Vince’s Bayou. Jim and Joel and I
were scouting along, and Jim started to stalk a deer in a bunch; but
something scared ’em all off, and when we rode over to see the why,
this Señor Whiskers was lying there in the brush, trying to hide under
a blanket. He said he was only a private soldier, and we began to walk
him to camp, but he petered out, so Joel took him up for a piece, and
then Jim took him. The rest of the fellows are still looking for Santa

“The general told you you’d find him on all fours, dressed common.”

“Come on. He’s going to talk with General Houston. Let’s hear,” urged
Leo. Off from his horse tumbled Sion, and away they trudged.

Colonel Forbes was conducting the captive to General Houston’s oak
tree headquarters. Already a curious, vengeful crowd were gathering
there, and through the camp was swelling an angry cry of “Shoot him!”
“Hang him!” “Remember the Alamo!” No wonder that the little man’s knees
trembled as he walked. How could he, who had hoisted the red no-quarter
flag, and had ordered more than 400 Texas soldiers shot down when
defenseless, expect anything but speedy death?

General Houston evidently had been asleep, at last, but was awakened by
Colonel Hockley. He turned, raising himself on one elbow, as General
Santa Anna arrived with Colonel Forbes. He surveyed Santa Anna silently.

Halted, at the general’s couch in the centre of a rapidly increasing
throng, General Santa Anna bowed, with his right hand on his heart
(Mexican fashion), and said, in quavering Spanish:

“I am General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, president of the Mexican
republic, and I claim to be your prisoner of war.”

“Sit down, sir,” answered General Houston, motioning to an ammunition
box. “Summon General Almonte,” he bade, to Colonel Hockley. “I need an

Santa Anna started to seat himself, with an appealing glance around
the scowling circle――but instead took an impulsive step aside, and
smiled invitingly. Colonel Rusk had just pressed through, with young de
Zavala, son of Don Lorenzo de Zavala, the Texas vice-president.

“Ah, _amigo mio, amigo mio_! [my friend, my friend!]” exclaimed Santa
Anna. “The son of my _early_ friend!” And put his arms about young de
Zavala’s shoulders.

But that did not work; for young de Zavala released himself, and looked
the general in the face without a smile.

“It _has_ been so, señor,” he replied, clearly.

General Santa Anna sat down on the box, as if much disappointed. He
held his hands against his sides, and groaned for sympathy. But he did
not get much.

“A little late, wasn’t he!” whispered Leo, to Ernest. “After he’d put a
price on de Zavala’s head and driven him and his family out of Mexico!”

Colonel Hockley returned with General Almonte. The crowd parted for
their passage through. General Almonte saluted, and he and General
Santa Anna embraced one another, by the shoulders. The presence of a
friend appeared to encourage Santa Anna. He braced up, smiled upon
General Houston, and began to talk.

“That man may consider himself born to no common destiny, who has
conquered the Napoleon of the West,” he complimented――General Almonte
translating into English. “And it now remains for him to be generous to
the vanquished.”

“Will you listen to that!” gasped Sion. “‘Napoleon of the West’! Now
he asks us to be ‘generous’ to him, because he’s only murdered a few
hundred of us!”

“You should have remembered that at the Alamo, sir,” was responding
General Houston.

“I was justified there by the customs of war, general,” answered Santa
Anna. “Those men had refused to surrender, and when the place was taken
by storm the customs of war authorized that they be killed.”

“So you killed ’em!” rose the indignant growl from the crowd. “Bah!
You’re wuss’n a savage Injun!”

“That is not the custom among civilized nations, sir,” accused General
Houston. “It is not the custom of humanity.”

“I was acting under the orders of my government,” retorted Santa Anna.
“I have orders in my possession commanding me so to act.”

“Why,” roared the general, beginning to grow angry, himself, “_you_
are the government, yourself. You are dictator, and a dictator has no
superior officers!”


That was a corker, and a hum of approval permeated the spectators and
listeners. Santa Anna heard, and paled.

“But I have orders, general,” he argued, “commanding me to exterminate
every man found in arms in the province of Texas; to treat them as
pirates. They have no government and no recognized flag.”

This was almost an insult. The crowd uttered a furious shout, and
lifting himself further on his elbow General Houston shook his finger
at the cowering Santa Anna. He looked like a lion. His eyes glaring,
his brow wet with sudden perspiration, he tried to control himself.

“Sir, the Texans flatter themselves that they have a government, and
they probably will be able to support a flag. Now if you feel excused
for your conduct at San Antonio, what do you say about your massacre
of Colonel Fannin’s command, at Goliad? They had surrendered, on terms
offered by your general. And then they were shot, unarmed! Helpless!”

“Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!” shouted the crowd, surging and

Santa Anna fairly quailed. He laid his hand on his heart, again, and
declared that General Urrea had not told him that the Fannin men had
surrendered. He said that General Urrea should be punished. And all
that. He seemed about to faint, and asked for medicine.

General Almonte here struck in, on his own account.

“By the way, why did you delay so, in your attack on us yesterday?” he
queried. “You knew that we would be reinforced. We expected your attack
before the reinforcements came, and we were all ready for you.”

“I knew that, sir,” replied General Houston. “That was just the reason
I did _not_ fight! And besides, I wished to settle the matter for all
time. There was no use in making two bites at one cherry.”

“You were a long time getting at it. Only good luck saved you,”
asserted General Almonte, rather uncivilly.

This made the general angry again.

“As for you, sir,” he returned, “you came far to give us a great deal
of trouble, and caused the sacrifice of the lives of a great many brave

General Almonte only laughed.

“What of six or eight hundred men!” he answered. “You lost only half a
dozen, yourself.”

“Sir,” rebuked General Houston, “we evidently estimate the lives of men
somewhat higher than you do.” He struggled to sit up. “You talk about
reinforcements! It matters not how many reinforcements you might have,
sir; you never can conquer freemen.” With that he painfully extracted
from his trousers pocket an old half-gnawed ear of dried corn. “There,
sir! Do you ever expect to conquer men who fight for freedom, when
their general himself marches four days with one ear of corn for his

That capped the climax. From the crowd around rang a tremendous cheer,
and a score of hands were extended.

“That’s right, general! Give us that ear, and we’ll divide it up and
plant it. Houston corn! Houston corn! Hurrah! We’ll call it ‘Houston

This pleased the general. A tender smile overspread his haggard face.
He passed forward the ear.

“Very well,” he said. “Take it, if you want it, and divide it up
kernel by kernel, and every man plant his kernel at home. You have
won independence; now see if you can’t be as good farmers as you were
soldiers. But don’t call it ‘Houston corn’; call it ‘San Jacinto corn,’
so that it will remind you of your own bravery.”

This appeared to impress General Santa Anna, who had recovered when Dr.
Labadie had given him some medicine. He remarked afterward to General
Almonte that now he understood American spirit; he saw by the ear of
corn that Americans never could be conquered. They could fight too well
on too little!



General Santa Anna presently spoke again. He said that he was ready to
discuss upon what terms he should be released. General Houston replied
that only the government of the Republic of Texas could decide these

“Where is the government, general?” inquired Santa Anna.

“The members, sir, will be sent for, by the messenger who will announce
to them the triumph of the Texas arms,” reproved General Houston.
“Meantime I require of you that you immediately dispatch an order to
your second in command, General Filisola, that he and General Gaona
shall upon receipt of it retire with all their troops to Bexar. General
Urrea also shall retire with his command to Guadalupe Victoria, and
prisoners are to be released.”

This was delivered in such a tone that Santa Anna accepted the pen
proffered to him, and on a pad of paper inscribed the orders. Deaf
Smith and Henry Karnes were sent with them to General Filisola, back on
the Brazos. Santa Anna appeared anxious to do anything to save his own

Pretty well exhausted by the interview, General Houston directed that
Santa Anna be placed in the tent which belonged to him, and closely
guarded. Scarcely was he being led away, followed by black looks while
the crowd slowly dispersed, when another scene occurred.

A loud voice, rising above the shouts and the laughter of the camp
guard, echoed among the trees; and a large red-haired woman, in
flapping sun-bonnet, with bare feet striding under the torn hem of
her calico dress, came pushing and shoving her way, straight for the
general’s oak.

“I want Gin’ral Houston!” she proclaimed. “Where’s the gin’ral? Show
him to me, wance.”

“That ees the Señora Peggy McCormick,” whispered young de Zavala, who
had joined the four boys. “She leeve here on Peggy Bay.”

Ernest leaped in front of her.

“You can’t see the general,” he informed. “He’s been wounded.”

“Aw, out of the way wid ye,” ordered Peggy McCormick; and Ernest
received a vigorous push that sent him whirling. “I’ve no time for
boys. ’Tis the gin’ral I want.”

The men were whooping and laughing. They must have pointed out to her
the general’s tree, for she quickly arrived there.

“Be you the gin’ral?” she demanded.

“Madam, I am General Sam Houston,” he answered, _very_ gallantly. “You
will pardon my not rising. What can I do for you?”

“Take your men off me league,” stormed the red-haired woman.

“Are you the owner of this land hereabouts, lady?” queried the general.

“I am. I own it all――three square miles. Take your men off me league,
or I’ll have the law on yez. Yez had no permission of mine to fight
your battle on my league.”

“But, lady――――” attempted the polite general.

Peggy would not listen.

“Take your men off me league immejiately, I say.”

“But, lady,” persisted the general, “to remove my army at this moment
is impossible. We will try to do your property no damage.”

“Yez have already fought wan battle here and trampled down my grass and
broke my trees,” stormed Peggy. “Take your men off me league.”

“Madam,” assured the general, with never a smile, “your wishes will be
obeyed at the earliest possible moment. Colonel Forbes,” he directed,
“will you see that this lady is furnished a proper escort to her

Muttering indignantly, and still insisting that the Texas army be
“taken off her league,” Peggy was conducted away by a file of soldiers.

“She came out with a broomstick, during the battle,” giggled Sion, “and
she started in to whale both armies, for ‘fighting on me league’!”

The laughter at the courageous Peggy McCormick soon died. General
Santa Anna had not been forgotten. Most of the army were hot with the
determination that he should be executed. There were men who threatened
that if General Houston did not order him shot, they themselves would
shoot him at their first chance. He was kept under close guard, at his
large tent near the general’s headquarters tree.

“The Texas government will make the biggest kind of a mistake if it
decides to execute Santa Anna,” asserted Dick Carroll. “And General
Houston knows it. Not but what Santa Anna ought to pay with his
life, if that’s ever proper punishment; but as long as we hold him,
the Mexican people will agree to ’most anything we ask. If we kill
him, that’s the end. There’ll be another dictator, and more war, for
Mexico’ll have nothing to lose and everything to gain. Besides, then
they’ll go ahead with more massacres. Now we have our chance to keep
the balance of power; and we can show to the world that we can take
prisoners, and not murder ’em the way the Mexicans do.”

A number of the other cooler heads agreed with Dick. To Ernest his
words sounded very sensible.

Captain Robert Calder and a small party were sent by the general to
bear the news of the victory and the capture of Santa Anna to President
Burnet and cabinet, at Galveston Island. They left by skiff, to
descend the bayou and the bay.

Jim laughed.

“I know why the captain’s so willing to row a boat,” he said. “He’s got
a girl down on the island, and he’s honing to see her.”

Leo also set out on a borrowed horse. The refugees who had fled east
were already returning; they could be seen collecting at Lynchburg and
crossing the San Jacinto by Lynch’s ferry. Leo had learned that his
mother and family were among them; so no wonder that away he went, in

The army stayed in camp on the bayou. At night the wolves could be
heard howling on the battle-field. More prisoners were brought in by
the ranging scouts, who smoked them out by setting fire to the prairie.
On April 24, the second day after the capture of Santa Anna, General
Cos was found wandering in the bottoms along the Brazos River. When he
was turned over to the guard at the camp, he sank down, paralyzed with
fear, and covered himself head and all with a blanket――which trembled
so, that, as Sion declared, “the leaves of the trees rustled”!

The refugees visited the battle-field and the camp, and there were
cheers renewed and many reunions. Leo brought his sister in to see
Santa Anna. He introduced the three boys to her. All the refugees of
the Runaway Scrape were on their way home again, and the ferry at
Lynchburg was busy day and night.

Although General Houston was unable to move, he took good care that
nobody harmed Santa Anna――or General Cos, either, who had broken his
word of honor, given at Bejar last December, that he would not again
oppose the cause of liberty in Texas.

May 1 President Burnet and some of the cabinet arrived at camp, on the
steamboat _Yellowstone_. The _Yellowstone_ showed that she, too, had
been in the war. Her single smokestack was riddled with bullet-holes,
and her wood-work was gashed and splintered. After she had ferried the
army across the Brazos at Groce’s, she had taken a load of refugees
down the Brazos to the gulf. The Mexicans had bombarded her from the
banks, and had tried to catch her by casting _reatas_ [ropes] at her;
but she got through, and here she was, again.

The first thing done was to distribute the spoils of battle so that
the soldiers might be paid a little money. The captured property
was sold, here and there, for $18,184.87. Three thousand dollars of
this was voted to the Texas navy. The handsome saddle of Santa Anna
was presented to General Houston by unanimous voice. So was General
Almonte’s superb black horse――the prize of Henry Karnes. The general at
first refused to accept the horse, and insisted that it be sold along
with the other property; but the army sent it back to him.

From the fund raised, every soldier received $7.50.

“Shucks!” exclaimed Jim to Ernest. “Did we lie out in the mud a month
and a half for this?”

“Well, we helped make Texas free,” reminded Ernest.

“That’s right,” Jim agreed. “I reckon I’d do the same over again, for
no money at all.”

The cabinet discussed a long time with General Houston what should
be done with Santa Anna. The general still insisted that his life be
spared; most of the army and the majority of the cabinet insisted that
he be executed. However, finally the general won, and the cabinet
decided to spare his life and compel him to sign a treaty guaranteeing
to recognize the independent Republic of Texas. Colonel Rusk, the
secretary of war, already had drawn up an outline of the proposed
treaty, in accordance with the general’s suggestions.

The cabinet made ready to return to Galveston Island, taking Santa Anna
and other captured officers with them; and the wound of General Houston
was so serious, by this time, that he was ordered by the surgeons to go

So on May 5 the army were paraded for him. He could not be present, but
the adjutant read his farewell orders.

                       HEAD QUARTERS, SAN JACINTO, May 5th, 1836.

    COMRADES: Circumstances connected with the battle of the 21st
    [of April] render our separation for the present unavoidable. I
    need not express to you the many painful sensations which that
    necessity inflicts upon me. I am solaced, however, by the hope
    that we shall soon be reunited in the great cause of Liberty.
    Brigadier-General Rusk is appointed to command the army for the
    present. I confide in his valor, his patriotism, his wisdom.
    His conduct in the battle of San Jacinto was sufficient to
    ensure your confidence and regard.

    The enemy, though retreating, are still within the limits
    of Texas; their situation being known to you, you cannot be
    taken by surprise. Discipline and subordination will render
    you invincible. Your valor and heroism have proved you
    unrivalled. Let not contempt for the enemy throw you off your
    guard. Vigilance is the first duty of a soldier, and glory the
    proudest reward of his toils.

    You have patiently endured privations, hardships, and
    difficulties, unappalled; you have encountered odds of two to
    one of the enemy against you, and borne yourselves, in the
    onset and conflict of battle, in a manner unknown in the annals
    of modern warfare. While an enemy to your independence remains
    in Texas, the work is incomplete; but when liberty is firmly
    established by your patience and your valor, it will be fame
    enough to say, “I was a member of the army of San Jacinto.”

    In taking leave of my brave comrades in arms, I cannot suppress
    the expression of that pride which I so justly feel in having
    had the honor to command them in person, nor will I withhold
    the tribute of my warmest admiration and gratitude for the
    promptness with which my orders were executed, and union
    maintained through the army. At parting, my heart embraces you
    with gratitude and affection.

                               SAM HOUSTON, _Commander-in-Chief_.

The order was read amidst perfect silence, while the army leaned on
their muskets and rifles, at parade rest, and the cavalry sat their
horses at ease. When the adjutant concluded, the timber and prairie
rang with cheers for Sam Houston. Through all their impatience on the
march and in camp, the army had learned to love him, and his noble
praise struck to their hearts. Ernest found himself rather weepy; but
when he saw that Jim and some of the men were wet eyed, he was not

The general was immediately transferred by steamboat, with the cabinet
and the Mexican officers, to Galveston Island; a great crowd of
soldiers and other people gathered at the landing to see them off.

From Galveston Island the general was taken on a steamboat to New
Orleans, for surgical treatment. His ankle had not improved, and he was
in poor shape. The treaty as he had suggested was signed by Santa Anna,
May 14, at Velasco on the gulf coast.

As president of Mexico, Santa Anna promised not to oppose the
independence of Texas; hostilities were to cease; all Mexican troops
were to be removed from Texas soil; any supplies taken were to be paid
for, and property already taken or destroyed was to be paid for, also;
prisoners were to be exchanged, man for man; and Santa Anna himself was
to be sent to Vera Cruz, of Mexico, at the proper time.

It was rumored that there was another, and secret treaty, by which
Santa Anna agreed to have the independence of Texas acknowledged,
formally, by the Mexican cabinet, and the limits of the Republic of
Texas recognized as extending to the Rio Grande River.

Colonel Rusk had been appointed as temporary commander-in-chief, while
General Houston was laid up because of his wound, and Colonel Mirabeau
Buonaparte Lamar, the cavalry commander, was appointed the secretary of
war. The army left San Jacinto and the oak timber, and marched westward
to follow on the heels of General Filisola and see that the Mexican
troops really retired from Texas.

It proved to be a troubled summer. Many of the volunteers went home, on
discharge or on furlough. Leo and Sion and Jim dropped out; and with
Dick, Ernest finally rode into Gonzales again, where the people already
were rebuilding their houses.

A large number of volunteers from the United States joined the army.
The news of the victory of San Jacinto had aroused much new enthusiasm.
The main portion of the army stayed at Victoria, about sixty miles
south of Gonzales, on the Guadalupe. The army kept increasing, by
enlistments and by reinforcements from the United States; for it was
reported that Mexico was to attempt a fresh invasion, from Matamoros on
the east coast. This, however, fell through.

Meanwhile, General Rusk was having hard work to control his men. He
seemed not to have the influence that Sam Houston had had――although
he was a brave and popular leader. The government attempted to send
Santa Anna to Vera Cruz, and some United States volunteers at Velasco
insisted that he be landed again, and tried for his life. President
Burnet was powerless, for fear that he would lose his whole army, and
Santa Anna was again confined on shore.

But General Houston, though still weak from his wound, had returned
slowly to San Augustine near Nacogdoches. He heard of the threats
regarding Santa Anna, and sent a message to General Rusk, protesting
the proposed trial.

He said that to deliver Santa Anna over for trial and execution
would be the act of savages; it would also endanger the lives of all
Americans in Mexico, and would blacken Texas in the eyes of the United
States, for Texas would stand convicted of having broken the terms of
the treaty.

There was then much talk of annexation to the United States. Delegates
had been sent to Washington, to ask the United States to intercede
between Texas and Mexico in behalf of a settlement of all disputes.
The delegates were to ask, also, that Texas be admitted into the Union.

The enraged army listened to the appeal of their general, and instead
of being tried for his life, Santa Anna, who had been dreadfully
frightened again, was removed inland to Columbia, the new capital, down
on the lower Brazos.

However, President Burnet was so disliked by the army, because of the
failure to pay them, and because of his endeavor to uphold the treaty
and release Santa Anna, that he was directed by petition to call an
election for permanent president of the Republic of Texas. Therefore he
set the date of September 1.

All these matters came to the ears of Dick and Ernest, who were at home
in Gonzales, cultivating their corn. Ernest had planted his kernel of
“San Jacinto” corn, and it had sprouted. He spent more time on this
than he did on the whole forty acres!

It did seem as though General Houston ought to be made president; but
Stephen Austin, the Father of Texas, was being mentioned. He, too,
certainly deserved honors. At any rate, the Texas soldiers were strong
for their general. They would accept no other leader; not they! While
the general was still invalided, the Texas government decided that by
his absence he had forfeited his command, and Colonel Mirabeau Lamar,
the brilliant cavalryman, now secretary of war, was appointed new
commander-in-chief. When he arrived at the army headquarters, to assume
the command, the army protested.

At the parade there were a few cries of “Lamar!” and “Rusk!” (who
wished to retire), and a thunderous shout of “Houston! Sam Houston!”
So the matter was put to vote. It resulted: Sam Houston, over 1500;
Mirabeau Lamar, only 179! There could be no mistake as to how the
soldiers felt.

For the election of president of the Republic of Texas two candidates
entered, at first: dear Stephen Austin, and Ex-Governor Henry Smith
of the dispute with the council in the preceding winter. Word came
that General Houston declined to run; but great mass-meetings at
Nacogdoches, and San Augustine, and Columbia, and other towns, insisted
that he run.

He received 4374 votes; Henry Smith, 745; and Stephen Austin, 587.
Colonel Lamar, now a general, was elected vice-president. The Texas
people also voted almost unanimously for annexation to the United
States. The United States congress had decided to recognize Texan
independence. And things looked bright.

When he heard the news, Dick Carroll swung his hat.

“I was sure of it!” he cried, to Ernest. “Four years ago didn’t Sam
Houston say, on setting out for Texas: ‘I shall yet be president of
a great republic’? And he said, too: ‘I shall bring that nation to
the United States’! That will come. He’s trying for it――he and Andy
Jackson; and ’cording to the votes, the people are with him. We’ll go
down to Columbia and see him inaugurated, if we have to walk!”

President Burnet and Vice-president Lorenzo de Zavala decided to
resign. Therefore the inauguration was unexpectedly set for an early
date――October 22, a year from that October of 1835 when the first
victory of the war was won, under Jim Bowie and Colonel Fannin, at
Concepcion on the way to Bejar. Poor Bowie and Fannin were gone, and
so was many another brave Texan soldier; but Texas was free and Sam
Houston was president.

The Texas Congress was in session at Columbia. An enormous crowd
hastily gathered for the inauguration. All the notables were there:
Stephen Austin, and Ex-Governor Smith, and Dr. Branch T. Archer,
and the two Whartons, and Captain Moseley Baker, and Colonel Sidney
Sherman, and Henry Karnes, and Deaf Smith――in fact, every San Jacinto
soldier, especially, who could possibly get there. Yes, Jim, and Sion,
and Leo, to form with Ernest a squad of cheering, happy veterans.

“Have you seen the general, yet?” demanded Sion.

“No. Where is he?” answered Ernest.

“He’s been ’round here a couple of weeks and more. About the first
thing he did was to drop down and call on Santa Anna, at the Phelps
ranch, below. They say Santa Anna simply fell on his neck and bawled;
and the general patted him on the back and said: ‘There, there!’ and
promised to do what he could for him.”

“I don’t know,” spoke Jim, thoughtfully, “but seems to me we might
as well let Santa Anna go. We’ve held him prisoner all these months,
and part of the time he’s been in irons and afraid of assassination

“Well, Mexico kept Stephen Austin shut up for near two years,” retorted
Sion. “About killed him, too.”

“That ought not to be the American and Texas way, though,” voiced Leo,
agreeing with Jim. “Nobody hates Santa Anna worse than I do; but we
made a treaty, promising to release him, and we’ve never done it. The
general says that after the battle of San Jacinto we started in to
be merciful; and now it’s got down to the question of whether we’ll
be just. Santa Anna’s nothing to us; he’s only one man; the United
States is siding with us and we can take care of ourselves. President
Andy Jackson himself is watching, and he and Sam Houston stand right
together on what is what. Didn’t Jackson write to Santa Anna, telling
him to depend on Houston to see him through safely according to the
treaty, and saying: ‘Let those who clamor for blood, clamor on. The
world will take care of Houston’s fame!’”

“That Santa Anna’s a murderer, just the same,” argued Sion, the
stubborn. “He murdered our men at the Alamo and at Goliad. And his
word’s no good. The Mexican government claims that whatever he signs as
a prisoner doesn’t count.”

“Stephen Austin and General Jackson and Sam Houston say he ought to be
released, though. Texas promised that,” insisted Leo.

“All right, release him, then,” consented Sion. “I think he ought to
be taken over to Goliad and killed on the spot where Fannin’s men were
killed; but let him go. He won’t amount to much in Mexico, anyway, and
he’ll stir up trouble enough there to keep ’em all busy at home.”

“How’s the general looking?” invited Ernest, changing the subject.

“Powerful thin and peaked,” responded Leo. “I reckon he near died.
They took twenty pieces of bone out of his ankle, down at New Orleans,
before they could start the wound to healing.”

General Houston was sworn into office at four o’clock that afternoon
of October 22, and immediately delivered his inauguration address. The
senators and representatives of the Republic of Texas sat before him.
On the platform were the cabinet officers and the Speaker of the House,
and several distinguished guests. The crowd of other citizens and
soldiers reached into the street.

When he arose and advanced with a slight limp, a rousing round of
cheers and yells and hand-clapping hailed him. He wore a suit of black
broadcloth, with his sword belted about his waist. He was indeed thin,
his face was seamed by suffering, but his great blue eyes flashed, and
his voice pealed strong and vibrant as of yore.

The address was rendered without notes, for he had been given only a
few hours’ notice of when it would be expected. Meantime he had been
kept busy greeting friends and comrades. Nevertheless, a wonderful
address it was. How the words rang through the hall! He spoke of the
position now occupied by Texas before the eyes of the world; of the
fight for liberty, and of the necessity of being still vigilant against
Mexico. He said that the Indians should be treated justly, and their
friendship gained. And he thanked the people of the United States for
the aid they had sent, in men and money and guns, and hoped that Texas
would soon be welcomed into the Union of American freemen.

    A thousand considerations press upon me; each claims my
    attention [he said]. But the shortness of the notice of this
    emergency [by which he meant his address] will not enable me to
    do justice to those subjects, and will necessarily induce their
    postponement for the present.

Here the general hesitated.

“Pshaw! He’s taking off his sword!” whispered Sion. And so he was.
He was fumbling at the buckle of the belt, in front, until he had
unclasped it.

    It now, sir [he continued to the Speaker of the House], becomes
    my painful duty to make a presentation of this sword――this
    emblem of my past office.

The general choked. His voice failed. He held the scabbard in one
hand and drew the sword from it, with the other. He gazed upon the
blade, and his eyes filled. Throughout the hall sounded a deep sigh of
suspense and sympathy. Suddenly the general slipped the sword back into
the scabbard, and with both hands extended the hilt to the Speaker.

    Here, sir. I have worn it with some humble pretensions in
    defense of my country――and should the danger of my country
    again call for my services, I expect to resume it, and respond
    to that call, if needful, with my blood and my life.

He turned away and limped to his seat. The air rocked with the shouts
for President Sam Houston, the Hero of San Jacinto. The four boys
looked upon one another with glistening eyes.

“Jiminy! Wasn’t that great!” stammered Ernest.

The others nodded. They were too full for utterance.

       *       *       *       *       *

Thus Sam Houston was installed, by the wish of his people, to guide
Texas through its first years of independence. He at once appointed
Stephen Austin his Secretary of State, and Henry Smith his Secretary
of the Treasury. Then, against the wish of the Senate, he released
Santa Anna and sent him to confer with President Jackson of the United
States regarding methods by which Mexico could be induced to recognize
the Texas Republic. From Washington Santa Anna went home to Mexico, to
scheme again――but not for Texas. His scheming was for himself.

This fall died Lorenzo de Zavala the Mexican, loyal Texas patriot. This
winter died Stephen Austin. Thus was President Houston deprived of two
good councillors. On Buffalo Bayou and the prairie battle-field of San
Jacinto rose the new town of Houston, and thither the capital of Texas
was removed. Thither, also, removed Sam Houston.

He served Texas three times as president, and again as Senator to
Washington; and every hour of his Texas life he served as guide and
adviser, his face always set firmly for a future and not merely for the
present. Whether the people liked what he did, he cared not, as long as
he thought that he was right.

Each time, under Houston rule, the Republic of Texas prospered; but
until formally annexed by the United States in 1845 it had a hard
road to travel. Mexico constantly threatened it; and the two attempts
that it made to invade Mexico resulted in horrid failures. Jim Hill’s
youngest brother, John, enlisted in one of these, and was captured.

As for Ernest, he was granted land as a soldier of San Jacinto, and
the day came at last when he could send for his mother. He built
her a house with a court, too, like the court into which he and Jim
had peeped, from the roof of the de la Garza house in Bejar. Here
she grandly sat, among the flowers――and occasionally fed sugar, as
a special treat, to lazy Duke, the graying old war-horse, while he
and Ernest, and Jim and Leo and Sion, and Dick, on their visits,
exchanged stories of the stirring days of ’35 and ’36; of the heroic
Travis, Fannin, Jim Bowie, Bonham, Captain Dickinson, and all; and of
“the general”――always _their_ general――patient, energetic, far-seeing
General Sam Houston.

 Transcriber’s Notes:

 ――Text in italics is enclosed by underscores (_italics_).

 ――Except for the frontispiece, illustrations have been moved to
   follow the text that they illustrate.

 ――Punctuation and spelling inaccuracies were silently corrected.

 ――Archaic and variable spelling has been preserved.

 ――Variations in hyphenation and compound words have been preserved.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "With Sam Houston in Texas - A Boy Volunteer in the Texas Struggles for Independence, - when in the Years 1835-1836 the Texas Colonists Threw off - the Unjust Ru" ***

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