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Title: Exploits and Adventures of a Soldier Ashore and Afloat
Author: Adams, William Llewellyn
Language: English
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Exploits and Adventures

of a Soldier Ashore

and Afloat

  [Illustration: W. L. Adams
  (signed) Courteously Yours,
  W. L. Adams]

Exploits and Adventures

of a Soldier Ashore

and Afloat



  [Illustration: Printer’s Logo]







_All Rights Reserved_







In introducing the following narratives, the contents of which have
been gleaned through my voyage around the earth in quest of excitement
and natural oddities, for which since childhood I have possessed an
insatiable desire, I wish to acquaint the reader, in a brief prefatory
discourse, with the nature of the work that is to follow, and thereby
gratify the curiosity, so natural at the beginning, in a reader of

Through the prevailing influence of some loyal friends, whom it has
been my good fortune to have had as correspondents during my military
career, I herein attempt to depict events as they actually happened,
without recourse to imagination.

Having served under the dominion of “Old Glory” in the Occident and
Orient, on land and on sea, in war and peace, for the period of ten
years, I naturally fell heir to novel and interesting occurrences, so
numerous that to attempt to describe in detail would necessitate the
space of many volumes; I therefore resort to conciseness, at the same
time selecting and giving a comprehensive description of those
occurrences which are most important in my category of adventures.

As an author I do not wish to be misunderstood. I merely desire to
portray what has come under my observation, rather than make a
Marathon with the laurels of so dignified a profession, and in so
doing communicate to those whose arduous duties at home have deprived
them of the romance of globetrotting, and thereby distribute the
knowledge that some more silent person might never unfetter.

In conclusion to this preface, I desire to say, that I have refrained
from the manufacture of episodes or any tendency toward fiction, which
I trust the following pages will confirm, and that, as from the
description of a spectator, these narratives will meet with the
approval of those into whose hands they might chance to fall.

                                                 THE AUTHOR.


  Chapter                                                        Page

     I Campaign of the “Governor’s Troop,” Penna. Vol. Cavalry     15

    II On board a “Man-of-war” from New York to Morocco            45

   III Thrilling Adventure with Moors in the “Kasbah” of Algiers   63

    IV From the Pyramids of Egypt to Singapore                     71

     V Hong Kong, China, and the Denizens of the Underworld        90

    VI A Trip to Japan                                            103

   VII War Orders in the “Land of the Rising Sun”                 118

  VIII The Cowboy Soldier, a Coincidence                          145

    IX Life Among Hostile Moros in the Jungles of Mindanao        169

     X A Midnight Phantasy in California                          197

    XI “Semper Fidelis,” the Marine “Guard of Honor,” World’s
        Fair, St. Louis. 1904                                     208

   XII Topographical Survey in the Jungles of Luzon               242

  XIII “Cock-fighting,” the National Sport of the Philippines     271

   XIV Departure of the 29th Infantry for the Home-land;
       Reception in Honolulu                                      279



  William Llewellyn Adams                               _Frontispiece_

  Detachment of “Governor’s Troop,” Mt. Gretna, 1898               20

  A Trooper                                                        42

  Tent No. 2, Fynmore and Adams, “World’s Fair,”
  St. Louis, 1904                                                 214

  Coleman and Adams, Gun-mule “Dewey,” Machine-gun Battery        258

  Machine Gun Platoon of the 29th Infantry in the Snow
  Capped Wasatch Range, Utah                                      260

  Where spades grow bright and idle swords grow dull,
    Where jails are empty and where barns are full,
  Where church paths are with frequent feet outworn,
    Law court-yards empty, silent, and forlorn;
  Where lawyers foot it and the farmers ride,
    Where age abounds and youth is multiplied:
  Where these signs are, they clearly indicate
    A happy people and well-governed state.



  Campaign of the “Governor’s Troop,” Penna. Volunteer Cavalry

  The “Pandora Box”――Call for Volunteers――Mustered In――Breaking of
    Horses at Mt. Gretna――Liberality of the Ladies of Harrisburg and
    Hazleton――Departure of the Tenth Pennsylvania for the
    Philippines――My First Rebuff, by Major-General Graham――Thirty
    Thousand Soldiers Celebrate the Victory of Santiago――Troopers
    Decorated with Flowers by the Maidens of Richmond――The Concert
    Halls of Newport News――The Ghost Walks――Off for the
    Front――Convoyed by Battleships――Porto Rico――Spanish
    Hospitality――Wounded by a Shell――Jack the “Mascot” Passes the
    Deal――Reception in New York, Harrisburg, and Hazleton.

The destruction of the United States battleship _Maine_ in Havana
harbor, on the night of February 15, 1898, was the key to the
mysterious “Pandora Box,” containing maps of new United States
possessions, the commission of an admiral, the creation of a
President, the construction of a formidable army and navy, the
humiliation of a proud nation, and numerous other undisputed

The uncivilized, brutal, and oppressive methods resorted to by the
Spaniards in conducting military operations on the Island of Cuba and
other territory adjacent to the United States had long been a theme of
discussion by patriotic and sympathizing Americans. When the news
flashed over the wires that the big man-of-war, the _Maine_, had been
blown up and two hundred and sixty-six members of her gallant crew had
been sent to a watery grave, the hearts of American youths burned with
indignation and every mother’s son yearned to avenge what was
considered Spanish treachery. What followed is entered in the archives
of American history and is familiar to all. The call for volunteers
was responded to universally, there being so many applicants to fill
the ranks that only the flower of the American youth was accepted.

When the news was wired broadcast that Commodore Dewey had fairly
annihilated the Spanish fleet in Asiatic waters, without the loss of a
man, there was a burst of enthusiasm that can well be imagined by
those too young to remember the occasion. At 9.00 A.M. on the second
of May, 1898, this news was received in Hazleton, Pennsylvania. It was
followed by a telegram from the Captain of the “Governor’s Troop,”
Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, of Harrisburg, which stated that
twelve vacancies existed in that troop and that in accordance with the
request of Governor Hastings these vacancies should be filled with the
first volunteers from the city of Hazleton. In two hours’ time the
recipient of the telegram, Mr. Willard Young, had notified and
enlisted twelve of Hazleton’s stalwart sons, and at 7.40 A.M. the next
morning, amidst the waving of the national colors and cheers from the
populace the boys were escorted by the famous old Liberty Band to the
Lehigh Valley Station where, after bidding adieu to relatives,
sweethearts, and friends, they boarded a train for Mt. Gretna, the
military rendezvous.

The men who comprised this Hazleton assemblage were――


_En route_ to Pottsville the train was boarded by my life-long friend,
David L. Thomas, who was on his way to his law office. On learning the
destination of the patriots he laid down his “Blackstone” and wired
his parents in Mahanoy City that he had cast his fortunes with the
avengers of Spanish tyranny. Of this group of volunteers, two loyal
soldiers have answered the last roll call, namely: Ario P. Platte,
Jr., and David L. Thomas.

Arriving at Mt. Gretna we beheld, under miles of canvas,
Pennsylvania’s gallant National Guard. Upon inquiry we found the
cavalry headquarters, consisting of the “City Troop” of Philadelphia,
the “Sheridan Troop” of Tyrone, and the “Governor’s Troop” of
Harrisburg, stationed in a clump of forest near the lake.

Immediately reporting to Captain Ott, commanding the “Governor’s
Troop,” we were assigned to quarters in large Sibly tents and met the
old members of the troop, among whom I was delighted to find Feight
and Barker, two classmates of mine at “Dickinson Seminary.” We were at
once issued mess kits, the most necessary equipment required by a
soldier when not in the face of the enemy, and, roaming hither and
thither, awaited the usual medical examination preparatory to being
mustered into the service of the United States, which, after several
dreary and monotonous days, occurred on the 13th of May. After being
fitted in natty cavalry uniforms we were drilled twice daily on foot
by an ex-sergeant of the regular army, whose service in the regulars
had qualified him for the arduous task of breaking in raw recruits.
This drill was an experience not relished very much, as profound
obedience was required, and many wished the war was over before it had
really begun.

Before bringing the troop to attention, the sergeant would usually
say: “Now boys, I want you to pay attention to my orders, and if you
make mistakes I am apt to say some things I do not really mean.” So we
would take his word for this, but ofttimes thought things we did mean.
This was his song: “Fall in,” “Troop attention,” “Right dress,”
“Front,” “Count off,” “Backward guide right,” “March,” “As
skirmishers,” “March,” “Get some speed on you,” “Wake up,” “Wake up,”
“Assemble double time,” “March,” “Look to the front, and get in step,
you walk like farmers hoeing corn,” “Close in,” “Close in,” “Take up
that interval.” These were the daily commands, until the troop was
able to execute close and extended order to perfection. Then came the
horses, and the monkey drill, and some pitiful sights of horsemanship,
until each of the boys had accustomed himself to his own horse and had
become hardened to the saddle.


At first we were equipped with the old Springfield rifle, but this was
soon replaced by the Krag-Jorgensen carbine. Each trooper was soon
fully equipped as follows: horse, McClellen saddle, saddle bags,
bridle, halter, and horse blanket, carbine, saber, Colt revolver,
belts, and ammunition, canteen, mess kits, sleeping blanket, shelter
half, and uniforms.

The ladies of Harrisburg and Hazleton were extremely generous to the
troop. From Harrisburg each soldier received a large and beautiful
yellow silk neckerchief, a Bible, and a large quantity of pipes and
tobacco. From Hazleton came literature and boxes after boxes of
edibles, which were greatly relished by the troopers.

Some time was consumed in the breaking of horses, getting them bridle
wise, and training them to the saddle, and this afforded great
amusement to the thousands of spectators who visited the reservation
daily. The troop, which consisted of one hundred privates and three
commissioned officers, was made up of men from various walks of life.
Lawyers, athletes, students, merchants, ex-regular-army soldiers,
cowboys, and Indians swapped stories around the camp-fires at night.
Every day, after the usual routine of duty had been performed, games
of all descriptions were indulged in, poker under the shade of an “A”
wall tent usually predominating. One of the entertaining features of
the camp was a quartette of singers, members of the “Sheridan” and
“Governor’s” troops, and ex-members of the University of Pennsylvania
Glee Club. These boys were always in demand.

“Broncho buster,” George S. Reed, an ex-Texas ranger, Nome gold miner,
and survivor of several duels, the most noted man of the “Governor’s
Troop,” had cast his fortunes with the soldier “lay out,” and had
boasted that there never was a broncho foaled that he could not cling
to. “Broncho’s” debut as an equestrian was to ride a horse we called
the “rat,” a bad one. Reed had great difficulty in getting his foot in
the stirrup, as this animal would bite, buck, and kick, and besides
held a few tricks in reserve. Finally, taking a desperate chance,
“Broncho” swung himself into the saddle and the show was on. The horse
plunged, bolted, and bucked, in trying to unseat the rider. When all
efforts seemed to have been exhausted, the “rat” bucked, and made a
complete somersault, rolling the ranger on the turf, then rising and
doing a contortion, wriggled through the saddle girth and blanket, and
bolted for the timber. “That horse is mad,” said Reed, brushing the
dust from his uniform. “Did you see it loop the loop?” The horse that
fell to “Broncho’s” lot was a gentle animal, that could tell by
instinct when the canteen was empty, and would stand without hitching
at any point where the goods could be supplied.

Each day brought forth news of the mobilization of troops and the
progress of the war. Mt. Gretna, an ideal place for a military
rendezvous, presented a grand spectacle. Regiments were rigidly
disciplined and drilled to the requirements of war, sham battles were
fought, galloping horsemen could be seen repulsing the enemy, while
the wild cheering of the infantry in the charge, and the reckless
maneuvering of artillery in establishing points of vantage for getting
into action, had the aspect of mimic war.

Days rolled by and the troops yearned for active service. The Tenth
Pennsylvania Infantry, having received orders to proceed to the
Philippine Islands, was the first regiment to break the monotony.
There was great activity in breaking camp, and a speedy departure
amidst a wild demonstration enthused the boys whose fate lay with the
fortunes of war, and whose valiant bravery along the south line, from
Bacoor to Manila, will ever remain vivid in the annals of the

The news of the departure of the “Rough Riders” for Cuba was heralded
with much joy as a forerunner of our getting to the front, also the
distribution of regiments to southern camps, where the sons of the
“Blue and the Gray” commingled and fraternized as comrades fighting
for the same cause, and spun yarns of the bloody strife of the
rebellion in which their fathers had opposed each other in a bitter

The promulgation of the general order directing our departure for the
South was received with cheers. Breaking camp was immediately begun,
the loading of horses and equipment on the train being accomplished
with the dexterity of a troop of regulars. All along the route the
train met with an ovation. There was waving of flags and
handkerchiefs, bells were tolled, and the shrill whistles of factories
welcomed the boys on to the front. Arriving at Falls Church, Virginia,
we at once set to work unloading our horses and accoutrements of war,
which was accomplished with almost insuperable difficulty, due to our
having reached our destination at night and in a blinding rain-storm.

Among the members of our troop was a Swedish Count, and at this point
I recall a little incident which it will not be amiss to relate. We
had unloaded our horses and were awaiting orders, when the Count
approached me and said:

“Bill, ven do ve eat?”

“I guess we don’t eat, Count,” I replied; “these are the horrors of

“Vell, py tam,” said the Count, “dis vore vas all horrores. I vanted
to blay benuckle on der train und der corporal say: ‘You go mit der
baggage car, unt cook some beans,’ unt by tam, I couldn’t cook vater

We remained at Falls Church over night, and in the morning marched to
Camp Alger through blinding torrents of rain and fetlock-deep in mud.
This camp, like most Southern camps, was very unhealthy, the heat was
stifling, and many soldiers succumbed to fever. Here the troops of
cavalry were consolidated into a squadron, consisting of Troop “A” of
New York, Troop “C” of Brooklyn, “City Troop” of Philadelphia,
“Sheridan Troop” of Tyrone, and “The Governor’s Troop” of Harrisburg,
under the command of Major Jones, formerly captain of the “Sheridan
Troop,” who relieved Captain Groome, of the “City Troop” of
Philadelphia, who had been temporarily in command.

Camp Alger was a city of tents, as far as the eye could discern in
every direction, there being about thirty thousand soldiers in the
camp. My first duty at this Post was a detail as “orderly,” at General
Graham’s headquarters. With a well-groomed horse, polished saddle, and
soldierly immaculateness, I reported for duty. Entering the General’s
spacious tent and saluting, I said:

“Sir, Trooper Adams, of the ‘Governor’s Troop,’ reports as orderly to
the Commanding General.”

“Very well,” replied the General; “give the Colonel of the Second
Tennessee my compliments and tell him I will review his regiment at
4.30 P.M.”

“Yes, sir, but, by the way, General,” said I, “where is the Second
Tennessee located?”

“Make an about face and follow your nose,” the old man replied, and I
did; but if the old General could have heard the mute invectives aimed
at him I probably never would have told this yarn. I do not blame him
now, as I realize how unmilitary I was. I had no difficulty in finding
the Colonel of the Second Tennessee, as I kept my nose right in front
of me.

The news of the victory of Santiago was celebrated by the troops in
gorgeous style. Regiment followed regiment in wild acclaim, cheers
after cheers resounded from the throats of the thirty thousand
soldiers who were anxiously awaiting their call to the front. Bonfires
of tar barrels were kept burning all night, and the excitement of the
camp was intense.

The cavalry was ordered to Newport News to await the arrival of the
transports; but, unlike the Sixth Massachusetts, that was stoned in
Baltimore at the outbreak of the rebellion, our greetings in the South
were exceptionally friendly. At Richmond bouquets of flowers were
scattered in profusion among the soldiers, and many a fair maiden left
the station with a pair of cross sabers pinned to her shirtwaist.

Our camp at Newport News was on sandy soil on the banks of the James
River, which afforded excellent bathing and fishing. Here the cavalry
received their khaki uniforms, which were the first issued to United
States troops and had the appearance of an officer’s regimentals. As a
consequence it was a common sight to see a “doughboy” saluting a
trooper as he strolled through the city. A member of a Kentucky
regiment was heard to remark: “That Pennsylvania cavalry is hot stuff;
they are all officers.”

A few days after pitching camp, something happened; it is an occasion
when a soldier possesses that air of complacency which invariably
pervades the atmosphere. It is when the “ghost walks” (pay day) that
the soldier is not only happy, but has a keen desire for making every
one with whom he comes in contact happy. As a dispenser of pleasure,
when he has “the necessary,” his speed brooks no competition, and all
others look like “pikers” compared with “the man behind the gun.”

In 1898 Barton’s Theatre and Concert Hall was a nightly scene of
revelry, by cavalry, artillery, and infantry, and from a spectator’s
point of view it was hard to decide which was of more interest, the
scenes in front or in rear of the footlights. Songs that reached a
soldier’s heart were sung by dashing “prima donnas from the
cottonfields of Dixie,” the soldiers joining in the chorus. After the
“ghost had walked” this particular concert hall fell into the hands of
the boys, among whom was found talent far surpassing anything behind
the footlights. The soubrettes of the ballet dance mingled with the
boys, and these scenes were equivalent to the “Can Can” of the famous
“Red Mill” of Paris, or a Creole “Bal Masque” during a New Orleans
“Mardi Gras.”

As the orchestra struck up the music to “For he is only a Soldier
Boy,” a dashing southern beauty, in military costume, would saunter to
the footlights, accompanied by a chorus of lesser lights, whose
evolutions, combined with their singing, were extremely pretty and
inspiring to the soldiers. This sketch brought forth deafening
applause, dying out only as a trooper announced that he would endeavor
to recite “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere,” or perhaps “Tam
O’Shanter,” while another would volunteer to inflict us with “Casey at
the Bat” or “The Face upon the Bar-room Floor,” to the mournful
strains from the dirge of Imogen, a sure harbinger for the dispensers
of “sangaree” to get busy and take orders. Another song, and the dance
was on once more and continued until the “dog watch” of the night,
when the soldiers realized that at reveille every man must be in ranks
to answer to the call of his name or suffer the alternative, a berth
in the “brig.”

This was the bright side of war, and, as each soldier was intent on
getting to the front, it was the exception rather than the rule to
hear of a misdemeanor being committed, or even to hear of a man being
confined to the “guard house.”

Newport News was a gay place in ’98. Its people were very hospitable
and friendly with the troops. Old Point Comfort and the Forts of
Hampton Roads were but a short run by rail from the camp, and these
were favorite resorts of the soldiers. Great excitement prevailed when
the order for the Porto Rican expedition――“Pennsylvania Cavalry to the
front”――was received.

The transport _Manitoba_ had been fitted from an old cattle scow to a
serviceable troop-ship, and had just returned from conveying a
detachment of “Rough Riders” to Cuba. This vessel was spacious but
lacking in the accommodations of our present-day transports that ply
the Pacific. Considerable time was spent in getting our horses and
munitions of war on board. When the signal to cast loose and provide
was given we had on board three troops of cavalry, three batteries of
field artillery, one battalion of Kentucky infantry, and detachments
of engineer, hospital, and signal corps, seven hundred head of horses,
and three hundred head of mules, besides the cargo of munitions of

Our time on board was occupied in preparing for a harder campaign than
materialized. Carbines and six-shooters were oiled, and sabers
burnished (the scabbards of these, being nickel-plated, required
merely a coating of oil to keep them from rust). Our boots were
greased, and the front and rear sights of our carbines were blackened.
The boys scalloped the rims of their campaign hats, and some were
tattooed by adepts in the art. Cards and reading were other pastimes
of the voyage.

The fifth day out the United States cruiser _Columbia_ and battleship
_Indiana_ were sighted; they had come to convoy the ship into the
harbor of Playa Del Ponce. Arriving in the harbor at night, we had the
misfortune to run on a sand-bar, where, being compelled to anchor with
a list of about forty degrees, the possibility of our landing at night
became rather vague. While making preparations for an attempt to land,
a heavy gale encompassed the bay, making our position perilous, and,
as this continued throughout the following day, it was with the utmost
difficulty that our horses and mules were landed, a number of them
being swung overboard and allowed to swim ashore.

Having finally reached the ground of the enemy, great precaution was
taken to avoid a surprise; the water was inspected to make sure that
it contained no poisonous substance and the orders in posting
sentinels were rigidly enforced――each sentry before being posted had
to be thoroughly familiar with his orders, being required to repeat
them verbatim, and was also admonished as to the importance of keeping
constantly on the alert. He was forewarned that to be found asleep on
post in the enemy’s country meant to be tried by court-martial and if
convicted to suffer the penalty of death.

Our first rendezvous was alongside of an old Spanish cathedral,
surrounded by plantations of sugarcane, coffee, hemp, and tobacco;
here we pitched a camp of shelter or “dog-tents” as they were
generally called. As we were getting our accoutrements of war in shape
the rapid fire of the Sixteenth Pennsylvania engaging the enemy could
be distinctly heard, this engagement, however, being of short
duration, like all other Spanish-American encounters in the West

Playa Del Ponce is the port of the city of Ponce, and is the shipping
point for that section of the Island of Porto Rico. The town is
surrounded by rich plantations of tobacco, coffee, sugarcane, and
rice, also trees teeming with oranges, cocoanuts, guavas, lemons,
grape-fruit, and groves of bananas and plantains. The staple
production of the island is tobacco, from which is manufactured a very
choice brand of cigars. The city of Ponce lies inland a distance of
about three miles, and is typically Spanish in its architecture.

Shortly after our arrival at Playa Del Ponce, I had occasion to take
my horse in the ocean for a swim, which was great sport and beneficial
to the animal. In dismounting on my return to the beach, I had the
painful misfortune to tread on a thin sea shell which penetrated my
heel, breaking into several pieces. On my return to the camp I found
the troop surgeon had left for Ponce, so seeking the assistance of a
Spanish-Porto Rican physician, one Garcia Del Valyo, I was relieved
after considerable probing, of the broken pieces of shell. The wet
season being in progress and our hospital facilities limited, the
doctor kindly offered me quarters in his beautiful residence, and
recommended to my troop commander that I remain at his home until my
wound had healed. To this the officer acquiesced.

I was given a room overlooking the bay on one side, with the town
bounding the other; a crutch and an oil-cloth shoe were provided for
me, with which I was able to hobble around with the two beautiful
daughters of the old gentleman, namely, Anita and Consuelo Del Valyo.
They spoke the Anglo-Saxon language fairly well and taught me my first
lessons in Spanish, while I in return instructed them in my language.
Both were artistes, being skilled in painting, sculpture, and music,
and I often recall the happy evenings spent listening to the sweet
notes of “La Paloma” as sung to the trembling tones of a mandolin
accompaniment. Traditional custom permitted the piano and various
Spanish songs during the day, but never “La Paloma,” wine, and the
“Fandango” until after twilight. It was a picturesque sight to watch
these senoritas perform the “Fandango,” clicking the castanets and
gracefully tapping the tambourine as they whirled through coils of
cigarette smoke.

I spent nine days in this hospitable domicile and was sorry when my
wound had healed, but alas! I had to join my troop, which had departed
for the interior. Before leaving Playa Del Ponce, I was presented with
a small gold case containing the miniatures of these charming ladies.
During the campaign on the island, I made several trips in to see
them, accompanied by members of the troop, and before our departure
from Porto Rico, had the extreme pleasure of attending a genuine Porto
Rican “Fiesta.” It is sad to relate that the entire family suffered
the fate of a large percentage of the population of Playa Del Ponce,
in the terrible tidal wave which swept that portion of the island in
1899. Far be it from me to ever forget the kindness, engaging
presence, and irresistible charm of these unfortunate people.

On my way to join the troop, I met the Sixteenth Pennsylvania
Infantry, escorting about eight hundred prisoners of war into the
city, where they were to remain in incarceration until the arrival of
the transports which were to convey the Spanish soldiers to Spain.
When they halted near the old stockade in the city of Ponce I secured
some unique curios including a Spanish coronet of solid gold (a watch
charm), rings, knives, Spanish coins, and ornaments of various kinds.

Having finally reached my troop and reported for duty, I joined my old
“bunkies,” Young and Turnbach, and learned from them that the soldiers
were starving to death on a diet commonly known as “canned Eagan,”
others dubbed it “embalmed beef” and swore that no cattle were ever
taken alive that supplied such meat, as they were too tough to
surrender. Suffice it to say it was at least a very unwholesome diet.
The British bull-dog “Jack,” a “blue ribbon” winner that had been
purchased at a London dog-show by Norman Parke, a member of the troop,
was a worthy “mascot” and general favorite among the soldiers of the
squadron. Parke, having been detailed as orderly to Colonel Castleman,
which necessitated his absence from the troop, presented the dog to
Trooper Schuyler Ridgeway, in whom “Jack” found an indulgent master.
Schuyler, in order to demonstrate the quality of the “encased
mystery,” had a can of it tapped, and invited the dog to sink his
teeth in it. “Jack” with true bull-dog sagacity refused, realizing, I
presume, that it would be attempted suicide, and withdrawing a short
distance gave vent to his spleen by a wicked growl, after which a
pitiful whine which seemed to say, “Home was never like this.” Reed,
the ranger, said he had played the starvation game before, even to
chopping wood in some kind lady’s woodshed for his dinner, and added
that Spanish bullets were only a side line to the present grit he had

Camp life in the tropics in active service was not without its
pleasures, however, and, as fruit grew in abundance, sustenance was
maintained even if it was of the Indian variety. Details of mounted
scouting parties galloped through the mountains daily, taking
observations and frequently exchanging shots with guerrillas, who in
riding and marksmanship were no match for the American troopers. The
cavalry squadron figured in several skirmishes, but the retreat of the
Spanish from the carbine volleys and glittering sabers of their foe
put them to rout, so that I doubt if the same troops ever reassembled.

At last the news of the armistice was received, hostilities had
ceased, and preparations for the trip to the home land were begun.
Hither and thither we had marched for months, in cold and hot
climates, slept in rain under ponchos with saddle-bags for pillows,
lived on the scanty rations of field service, and now the time had
come for our return, the war being practically over. The transport
_Mississippi_, a miserable specimen of “troop-ship,” had been put at
our disposal, and was to convey the greater part of General Miles’
expedition to New York City.

After striking camp and loading all the equipage of war accessories
onto army schooners, a march of a few hours brought the cavalry to the
point of embarkation. Playa Del Ponce presented a spectacle of grand
military activity. Soldiers representing the army in all its branches
were busily engaged in storing aboard ship the munitions of war and
necessary rations for the homeward bound voyage. The artillery and
cavalry were spared the irksome duty of loading their horses, these
animals being left behind for the relief of the “regulars.” When all
was in readiness and the signal given, the “homeward bound pennant”
was flown to the breeze, as the ship’s bell tolled seven. Steaming
northwest over a sea of calm saline billows, three cheers from the
deck of the transport resounded to the shore, and, as the troops
wafted adieu to this verdant island of the West Indies, it was with
silent regret that lack of opportunity had prevented them from
accomplishing the notable achievements of their forefathers――but such
are the fortunes of war.

Our return was uneventful until we reached Sandy Hook, where the
transport was met and convoyed through New York Harbor by myriads of
yachts, launches, and tugs loaded with relatives and friends of the
boys who had offered their lives for their country and many of whom
the grim reaper had grasped from loving ties and the comradeship of
their compatriots.

The reception in New York City was one grand elaboration of
hospitality, evidenced by the demonstration of the thousands of people
who thronged the landing place. Numerous bands of music played
inspiring airs, as the city’s fair ladies dispensed chicken sandwiches
and demijohns of wine to the soldiers, while others fairly covered the
squadron with garlands of beautiful flowers. The reception in New York
lasted about four hours, after which the “Governor’s Troop,” led by
its gallant commander, Captain (now Major) Ott, of Harrisburg,
Pennsylvania, marched to and boarded a section of Pennsylvania
Railroad coaches, and was ere long rolling over the rails toward the
capital of the Keystone State.

On the arrival at Harrisburg, the home of the “Governor’s Troop,” an
immense demonstration awaited the boys. Leaving the train in their
worn habiliments of the jungle, the troopers were soon dressed in
ranks, answered roll call, had counted off, and were marching behind a
band of music, under a bower of pyrotechnics that resembled a
mythological scene in “Hades.” After parading through the principal
streets of the city, the troop was marched to the armory, which was
beautifully decorated for the occasion; here the battle-scarred heroes
of a successful campaign sat down to a banquet, over which an host of
Harrisburg’s fair maidens presided. Oh for a moving picture of that
scene! Each soldier wore a vestige of the pretty silk neckerchief the
Harrisburg ladies had presented him with. Speeches were made by
prominent citizens, songs were sung and toasts responded to, and it
was with a feeling of deep appreciation that the troop left the
banquet hall to seek a much-needed rest. The following day was spent
in meeting friends and relating episodes of the campaign.

  [Illustration: A TROOPER]

The Hazletonian complement of the “Governor’s Troop” had been apprised
of a demonstration awaiting them at their home city, and upon the
reception of the prescribed two months’ furlough, departed for the
scene of the climax to the campaign. This Hazleton greeting was the
most enthusiastic reception of all, perhaps because this was home.
Alighting from the cars amidst thousands of people who thronged the
platform and streets, the soldiers were met by a committee, relatives,
and friends, and it was with great difficulty that the horses provided
for the troopers were reached. As each man swung into the saddle, the
famous old Liberty Band struck up a march, and as the procession,
consisting of the Band, Reception Committee, Clergy, Grand Army,
National Guard, Police, Fire Department, Secret Organizations, and
others, turned into the main street of the city, a burst of exultation
extolled the welcome home, and as the line of march advanced between
thousands of people under a bower of phosphorescence it was with a
keen sensibility of delight that we had lived to enjoy such a unique
and prodigious reception. A sumptuous banquet was tendered the
cavalrymen in the spacious dining-hall of the Central Hotel, where
addresses and toasts were made by prominent Hazletonians, terminating
a successful campaign of the “Governor’s Troop.” After the expiration
of the two months’ furlough, this troop of cavalry was mustered out of
the service of the United States.


  On Board a Man-of-war from New York to Morocco

  Admiral’s Orderly on the U. S. Cruiser _New York_――A Storm on the
    Atlantic――Duties of a Marine――The Author Reads his own
    Obituary――Under the Guns of Gibraltar――A Bull-fight in
    Spain――Pressing an Indemnity Against the Sultan of Morocco――An
    American Subject Burned at the Stake by Moors――Burial in Morocco
    of a Shipmate.

The Boxer outbreak in China in 1900 attracted the attention of the
entire civilized world, and was the incitement that inspired many of
an adventurous turn of mind to cast their fortunes with the allied
forces in suppressing the depredations of the Tartar tribes in the
land of the Heathen Chinee. In August, 1900, while a spectator at the
Corbett-McCoy bout, in “Madison Square Garden,” New York, I learned,
from a chief petty officer of the battleship _Massachusetts_, that the
United States cruiser _New York_, lying in dry dock at the Brooklyn
Navy Yard, was being rapidly prepared to be put in commission, and was
to be the “flag-ship” of Rear Admiral Rodgers, who was destined for a
cruise to the Chinese coast. Upon further inquiries at the Navy Yard,
I heard this news authentically corroborated, and at once determined
to see the Orient.

A battalion of marines under the command of Major Waller had won
laurels in Tien Tsin and Pekin, being among the first to enter the
Forbidden City. Keeping tabs on the daily progress of the war, I
became more and more interested, and, having learned that marines were
the first landing force during hostilities, I enlisted in this branch
of the service, and ere long was installed in the “Lyceum” of the
Brooklyn Navy Yard operating telephone switches. From my window in the
“Lyceum” I could gaze on the sailors who were rapidly putting the big
cruiser in readiness for her cruise around the world; for, contrary to
expectations, the order to proceed direct to China was abrogated in
lieu of an indemnity which required pressure in Morocco.

Having made application for the “marine guard” of the _New York_,
which consisted of seventy-two men, one captain, and one lieutenant, I
was very much pleased when informed that my application had been
approved of, and that I was to prepare to board the vessel in the
capacity of “orderly” to the admiral. I was relieved from duty in the
“Lyceum” and ordered to join the “guard,” which had been undergoing a
process of special drill.

On being ordered aboard the ship, we were assigned to quarters,
instructed as to our stations for boat drill, fire drill, large gun
drill, abandon ship, arm and away, strip ship for action, collision
drill, and the positions of alignment on the quarter-deck, where the
“present arms,” the courtesy extended to military and civil
dignitaries at home and abroad, had to be daily executed.

The _New York_, which had been the “flag-ship” of Rear Admiral Bunce,
who commanded the “North Atlantic Squadron,” and later the “flag-ship”
of Rear Admiral Sampson at the battle of Santiago, was in 1900 the
show ship of the navy, making a magnificent appearance while under
way. She carried a complement of six eight-inch guns, twelve
four-inch, and ten six-pounders, and had a speed of more than
twenty-one knots per hour.

A feature of the _New York_ was her enormous engine strength compared
with her weight, the battleship _Indiana_ developing nine thousand
horse-power on a ten thousand two hundred ton displacement, while that
of the cruiser _New York_ was seventeen thousand horse-power on a
displacement of eight thousand two hundred tons.

The day having arrived for placing the vessel in commission, a galaxy
of army and navy officers, civilians, and beautiful women assembled on
the quarter-deck, which was inclosed and draped with flags of all
nations. Orderlies were kept busy announcing the arrival of the guests
to the admiral and captain, many of whose names included exclusive
members of New York’s “Four Hundred,” whose ancestral genealogies,
emblazoned with ensigns of heraldry, adorn their multitudinous――what
not?――though ofttimes, let it be known, the power and honor behind the
throne can be traced to the purchasing power of filthy lucre. Not
unlike the “Sons and Daughters of the Revolution,” whose sacred
heritage and portals have been defiled by the presence of incognizable
descendants of ancestors who in reality were unloyal to the colonies,
Tories of King George III., some of whom sat in that august body the
“General Assembly” and cried Treason! Treason! as Patrick Henry
introduced his famous resolutions in denunciation of the Stamp Act,
and in a passionate burst of eloquence uttered those
never-to-be-forgotten words, “Cæsar had his Brutus, Charles the First
his Cromwell, and George the Third”――pausing awhile during the
interruption by Tories, calmly added――“may profit by their example.”

Wafting adieu to old New York town, our sea-going home steamed out of
New York harbor and down along the Atlantic coast to Hampton Roads,
our first stop, anchoring midway between Fortress Monroe and the “Rip
Raps,” where tons of coal were placed in the bunkers.

Coaling ship is the most disagreeable work a sailor can perform, but,
as the task is usually accomplished in one day, each man tackles the
work with that heroic resolve which has so characterized the American
“man-of-war’s-man” in battle.

Immediately after coaling, the ship is thoroughly cleansed from truck
to kelson; the decks are holy-stoned and the berth deck is shackled,
after which the men take a thorough shower-bath, don immaculate
uniforms, and all has the refreshing appearance of a swan on a lake.

The essential duty of a “marine” on board a ship is to preserve order;
he fulfils the position of both sailor and soldier, and, while he is
sometimes dubbed a leather-neck, on account of his tight-fitting
uniform, by his more aquatically uniformed shipmate, it is
nevertheless noticeable that he is the first to cross the gang-plank
when there is trouble in the wind; and the number of “medals of honor”
and “certificates of merit” that have been awarded to marines since
1898 is the mute indubitable evidence of his fidelity and bravery;
however, this is not to be construed in any way to detract from the
loyalty of our brave “Jack tars.”

Our ocean voyage from the Atlantic coast to the Fortress of Gibraltar
was beset with difficulties, due to a severe storm we encountered the
second day out, in which one of our cutters or life-boats was washed
away. This it seems was picked up by a “liner” _en route_ to Havre,
France, and, as we were four days overdue at Gibraltar, it was
believed that the cruiser had gone down with all on board. Some time
later along the African coast, it was amusing to read, in the Paris
edition of the New York _Herald_, our own obituary, and to see the
picture of the “flag-ship” and her crew going down to “Davy Jones’s

The storm abated as we came in sight of the Madeira Islands, but,
owing to our being overdue at the “Rock,” we were compelled to pass
this beautiful place without stopping. The voyage from the Madeiras to
the straits was quite calm, and we were again able to eat soup without
the aid of a dipper.

When off duty I spent a great deal of time playing chess and reading.
We had an excellent library stocked with the best editions from the
pens of the most famous authors; besides a piano and excellent
performers, among these being the ship’s printer, E. Ludwig, well
known prior to his enlistment by the author.

As outlines of the “Pillars of Hercules” appeared on the horizon, it
was evident that in a very few hours we would be plowing the waters of
the great Mediterranean Sea. The quartermaster and signal-men were
busy getting their signal-flags in shape, ammunition was hoisted for
the salute, and the marine guard and band were busy policing
themselves for the part they had to play in entering a foreign port.

Passing through the Straits of Gibraltar, which separate the mainland
of Europe and Africa, we beheld, looming into the clouds, the most
magnificent and impregnable fortress of the world, Gibraltar.

As we entered the bay of Algesiras, the huge guns of the fortress and
battleships of various nations belched forth an admiral’s salute of
thirteen guns; these were responded to by the American “flag-ship.”

Gibraltar is an impregnable promontory fortress, seven miles around at
the base, and forms the southern extremity of Spain. It is fourteen
hundred and forty feet high at its highest point, is studded with
disappearing guns, and its honeycombed caverns contain munitions of
war for a campaign of many years.

The population of Gibraltar is composed of English, Spaniards, Jews,
and Moors. A causey separates the town from the mainland of Spain. The
British side is patrolled by British soldiers, who are so close to the
Spanish sentries that the challenge can be heard at night by either

We remained in Gibraltar ten days, and had the pleasure of meeting a
large number of English soldiers and sailors at the “Royal Naval
Canteen,” where we swapped stories over a can of “shandy gaff,” which
is a mixture of stout and ginger ale.

At the solicitation of some of the soldiers of the Royal Artillery, we
Americans accompanied them to the town of Algesiras, in Spain, to
witness a bull-fight. Engaging passage to a point of landing about
five miles across the bay, we embarked with a pent-up feeling of
excitement, overly eager to see the gay Castilians in their holiday
attire turn out _en masse_ for their national sport.

On our arrival in town, we found business practically suspended, and
all making their way to the arena, which was enclosed by a high board
fence. On being admitted, we at once became objects of considerable
scrutiny, as the war fever had scarcely died out.

Venders were busy disposing of their wares; senoritas, gayly bedecked
in flowers and loud colors, seemed to bubble over with enthusiasm;
horsemen galloped through the enclosure, and bands of music thrilled
this novel audience with inspiration. As we took our seats and
patiently awaited the onslaught, a sickening silence cast its pall
over this picturesque assemblage. This was momentary, however, as a
blast from a bugle was followed by the entrance of the alguazil and
mounted toreadors in costumes of velvet; the arrival of these
gladiators of the arena was heralded with a tumult of cheers, which
became deafening as the gate was thrown open and the bull rushed in.

Mounted picadors were stationed in various parts of the arena, whose
duty it was to infuriate the animal by thrusting banderillas, or
spikes with ribbons attached, into the animal’s shoulders, others
waved robes or capes for the same effect. Charge after charge was made
on the matadore, who gracefully side-stepped the attack and awaited
the return of the bull, which had become frantic from the sting of the

The last charge is made with defiance, but alas! is met with the
undaunted courage of the matadore, whose fatal blade reaches a vital
spot, adding another victory to his list of successful combats.
“Bravo! Bravo!” yell the maddened crowd, as the victor is showered
with compliments and carried from the arena. Preparations immediately
follow for a continuance of this semi-barbaric sport, and in like
manner each encounter was attended with the same skill of the matadore
and enthusiasm of the spectators.

On leaving the arena, it was with little wonder at the Spanish for
their marked devotion to this their national sport, as it proved to be
exceedingly fascinating and fraught with great excitement.

On our return to Gibraltar we journeyed to the naval canteen, where
sailors and marines of the British battleships _Endymion_ and
_Ben-bow_ were laying the foundation for a session of joy, the Boer
war being the chief topic of discussion.

During the day the Governor-General of Gibraltar, Sir George White,
whose appointment had recently followed his winning the “Victoria
Cross” while in command of troops in South Africa, had been
entertained on board the American ship, in company with other notables
of the army and navy.

After the ship had been coaled and various stores taken aboard,
anchors were weighed and the vessel steamed for Morocco, a sultanate
on the northwest coast of Africa. On reaching the straits the signal
was given to strip ship for action, all unnecessary impediment was
removed from the gun-decks and superstructure, awnings were furled and
secured by gasket, spars and davits lowered and all secured in places
of safety, while the big eight-inch turret guns free from tompions
were trained abeam or at right angles to the ship’s keel.

On entering the harbor of Tangier, the customary salute was fired;
this was answered by the crumbling old forts of the Moors, relics of
the Dark Ages and monuments of antiquity.

As the cruiser anchored with her starboard battery trained on the
city, it was evident that the visit was of far greater import than
that of a mere social call.

The pressure of an indemnity is a matter of deep concern, the wilful
disregard of which is usually followed by hostilities. When one
sovereign nation calls on another sovereign nation to apologize, the
first nation is expected to resort to arms if the apology is not
forthcoming. Though not representing a sovereign nation, the mission
of the _New York_ in the harbor of Tangier was clearly perceptible as
an expounder of a precedent.

The grand vizier of the Sultan of Morocco had made himself obnoxious
to America by refusing an interview with Mr. Gummere, United States
consul at the port of Tangier. For this discourtesy and other claims
of the United States long pending against the government of Morocco,
it was found necessary to despatch a war-ship to put pressure on the

The history of the conflicts between the Moors and the United States
had covered a period of more than one hundred years, dating back to
the naval wars of the infant nation with the Mediterranean pirates.
Discriminations against Americans and interference by officials of the
Sultan with Americans doing business in Morocco were largely due to
the ignorance of the Moors as to the power of the United States.

Claim after claim was ignored by the Sultan. In 1897, in order to
bring this sublime potentate to a realizing sense of the importance of
recognizing the demands of the United States, the United States
cruisers _Raleigh_ and _San Francisco_, in command of Rear Admiral
Selfridge, were ordered from Smyrna to Tangier for the purpose of
lending support to Consul-General Burke. This act had its effect, as
promises were given that in the future discriminations would be

In June, 1900, however, the strife was renewed when Marcus Ezegui, who
was a naturalized American citizen and manager of the Fez branch of
the French firm of Braunschweig and Co., while riding horseback
through a narrow street in Fez, jolted against the mule of a Moroccan
religious fanatic; a dispute ensued, the crowd siding with the Moor.
In self-defence Ezegui drew his revolver and fired, wounding a native.
This was the signal for a general attack on the American; he received
a dozen knife wounds, and was burned at a stake before life had become

For this atrocious crime the United States asked an indemnity of $5000
and the punishment of the offenders; the request received little
adherence by the Moorish government; then the State Department
demanded $5000 for the failure of Morocco to punish the offenders.

After much diplomatic correspondence between Washington and Fez, the
Moroccan capital, the United States battleship _Kentucky_ was ordered
across the Atlantic to procure the necessary demands. In this she was
partially successful, though failing to negotiate the demands in their
entirety. Time dragged on and promises remained unfulfilled. The
capital was moved time and again between the cities of Tangier and Fez
purposely to evade negotiations with the United States. It remained
for the _New York_ to consummate a successful issue, in the
undertaking of which she was ably commanded by Rear Admiral Frederick
Rodgers, whose iron-willed ancestors had bequeathed him a priceless
heritage,――the courage of his convictions combined with executive

On the reception of Consul-General Gummere by the admiral, it became
known adventitiously that the grand vizier of his Sultanic Majesty, in
company with the Sultan, had departed for the city of Fez. This they
called moving the capital. With the afore, aft, and waist eight-inch
“long toms” trained idly on the city and forts, Admiral Rodgers, with
flag-officers and escort and accompanied by Consul Gummere, departed
on a small British yacht for the city of Fez, with the determination
to promulgate his mission to his excellency’s government,――namely, its
choice of a satisfactory adjustment of the indemnity or the
unconditional alternate: a bombardment. It is needless to say that
this was the final negotiation, terminating with a successful and
honorable issue.

A member of the ship’s crew having crossed the “great divide,”
permission for the obsequies and burial in Tangier was granted. In a
casket draped with the American colors, the body was conveyed by
launch to the beach, where pall-bearers, members of the departed
sailor’s division, took charge of the conveyance to the cemetery. With
muffled drums the band led off, playing a solemn funeral dirge,
followed by the procession, which included an escort of honor and
firing squad of marines.

A circuitous route of three miles through narrow streets, with
buildings crumbling to decay and indicative of architecture of an
early period, led us to the cemetery on a shady plateau near the
outskirts of the city. Here the cortege halted, and the last rites
were solemnized by Chaplain Chidwick of the _New York_, well known as
the late chaplain of the ill-fated battleship _Maine_. Three volleys
were fired over the sailor’s grave, and the services closed
impressively with the sound of “taps,” “lights out.”

As the band struck up “In the good old summer-time,” ranks were
broken, and the men roamed at will through the narrow, spicy-scented
streets, thronged with semi-barbarians, rough-riding vassals of the
Sultan costumed in turbans, sandals, and flowing robes, whose contempt
for all foreigners cannot brook restraint. It was a pleasant relief to
escape the fumes of this incensed city, to inhale the fresh ozone
aboard the man-of-war.

On departing from Morocco, our cruise led to ports along the coast of
the great Mediterranean Sea.


  Thrilling Adventure with Moors in the “Kasbah” of Algiers

  Moonlight on the Mediterranean――Meeting with O’Mally, a Pedestrian
    of the Globe――“Birds of a Feather” in the Moulin Rouge――A Midnight
    Hold-up by Moors; O’Mally with Gendarmes and French Soldiers to
    the Rescue――A Pitched Battle in which Blood Flows Freely――French
    Soldiers Drink the Health of the United States――Malta and Singers
    of the “Yama Yama.”

A calm moonlight night on the waters of the Mediterranean Sea is the
most awe-inspiring feeling that can be manifested in the heart of a
man-of-war’s-man. The dark blue billows, resembling a carpet of
velvet, surging in mountainous swells, seem to reflect the glitter of
every star in the celestial firmament, while moonbeams dance in
shadowy vistas o’er the surface of the deep. It was on such a night
that our cruiser plowed her course from Palermo, Sicily, and entered
the land-locked harbor of the quaint old capital of Algeria.

I can vividly remember the embodiment of contentment with which I was
possessed as I leaned on the taffrail of the ship and beheld the
illuminated city of Algiers, rising from the water’s edge diagonally
to an immense altitude.

Life-buoys dotted the harbor, and a small light-house played a
search-light to our anchorage. After the anchors had been cast, booms
spread, the gig, barge, and steam-launches lowered, the deep
stentorian voice of the boatswain’s mate could be heard through the
ship, piping silence about the deck; taps had been sounded, and all
except those on duty were supposed to be swinging in their hammocks.

With the loud report of the morning gun could be heard “Jimmy-legs,”
the master at arms, as he made his way through the berth-decks,
singing his daily ditty, “Rise, shine, and lash up.” This, repeated
rapidly for a period of five minutes, was likened unto a band of
colored brethren at a Georgia camp-meeting hilariously singing, “Rise,
shine, and give God the glory, glory,” et cetera. In fifteen minutes
every hammock had to be lashed according to navy regulations and
stored away in the hammock nettings.

After breakfast in port, every man must appear military. Uniforms must
be pressed, buttons and shoes polished, and accoutrements ready for
inspection, for at eight bells the colors are hoisted, the National
air is played by the band, and visits of courtesy commence between the
various fleets and shore officers.

The ship’s band renders music three times daily in port, and visiting
parties are conducted through the ship. A large number of bum-boats,
with their venders of fruit and curios, always surround the ship;
these people are an interesting class and present a picturesque scene,
with their quaint costumes, noisy chatter, and cargo of varieties.

As in all other ports, the men entitled to “liberty” (a word used to
designate shore leave) make their preparation early, then await the
noon hour, when the boatswain’s mate pipes his whistle, and cries out:
“Lay aft all the liberty party.” All going ashore fall in, in double
rank on the quarter-deck, where they answer their names and pass down
the gangway and into boats, in which they are conveyed ashore, where
the boys cut loose from discipline and nothing is too good for “Jack.”

On our first day in the harbor of Algiers I was on duty, and among
other announcements I had to make to the admiral was the announcement
of one Mr. O’Mally, a pedestrian from San Francisco, California, who
desired an interview with the admiral of the flag-ship _New York_.

Mr. O’Mally was walking around the world for a wager; he had covered
the distance from San Francisco to New York, had walked through
Europe, and was at this time making his way through Africa. He had
come on board the American ship to have Admiral Rodgers sign his
credentials showing he had been at this point in Africa on this
particular date. At the close of the interview the admiral ordered me
to show our distinguished perambulator through the ship. I found him
to be a very congenial fellow, and was very much interested with his
stories of his travels by foot.

Accompanied by his French interpreter, we started through the vessel,
I explaining everything of interest to their apparent satisfaction,
after which we returned to the quarter-deck, and, after exchanging
cards, Mr. O’Mally and his guide departed for the city, stating that
he would probably meet me in Algiers the following day, where I would
be on shore leave.

The next day, accompanied by five other marines, with that almost
uncontrollable desire for pleasure and excitement known only by the
men who undergo the rigid discipline of the navy, I boarded a sampan
and was sculled ashore, where numerous guides, always in evidence in
foreign ports, offered to conduct us through the labyrinths of gayety.
Waving aside these pests, we ascended the stone steps leading to the
plaza overlooking the bay and a grand boulevard. This plaza was
thronged with pedestrians and equipages of the civic and military,
French and Moorish officers, gendarmes, tourists, fakirs,
fortune-tellers, Bedouins, and beggars, commingled, forming a most
cosmopolitan scene. Seeking an exchange, we converted some money into
centimes, sous, francs, and napoleons, and, after purchasing some
relics from the bazaars, engaged landaus and proceeded to see the
sights of this quaint African city.

Arabs, Moors, Spaniards, Jews, French, Germans, Maltese, and
Italians――in fact, every nationality extant――seem to be represented

The City of Algiers was built about 935 A.D., was poorly governed by a
long succession of Turkish deys, and fell under the yoke of French
rule in 1830, obliterating the despotism which had long existed.

The Boulevards, beautifully adorned with arcades and lined on either
side with orange and lime trees, are the scenes of magnificent
equipages drawn by blooded Arabian horses.

The heat, though at times intense, is mitigated by a delightful cool

The principal places of interest are the French bazaars, the Catholic
cathedral, the hot baths of Hammam Phira, the marketplace, casino,
public bath, coffee-houses, theatres, bank, quarters of the soldiers
of the foreign legion, the Moulin Rouge, identical with the famous
“Red Mill” of Paris, where “birds of a feather flock together,” and
where _L’amour et la fumee ne peuvent se cacher_.

Discharging our landaus, we journeyed through the Rue Bab Azoun,
passing here and there groups of French and Moorish soldiers, and
occasionally brushing against women of the true faith, whose veils
hide many a beautiful face.

In the cabarets or cafés which line the plazas, French soldiers can
frequently be heard singing the national air of France, the
“Marseillaise.” The cosmopolites who comprise the foreign legion are
an interesting body of soldiers, representing all nations, but serving
under the dominion of the French government. Entering a cabaret where
a game of roulette was in progress, we marines took a chance on the
roll of the ivory ball, in which some of the party increased their
wealth considerably. About every fourth turn of the ball, wine was
dispensed. I had been very lucky in my play, having several times
picked the number, column, and color at the same time, to the great
disgust of the croupier, whose radiant smile beams only when the wheel

As conversation had become boisterous and my luck had taken a sudden
turn, I cashed in, and, after thanking the croupier for his kind
donations, whose smile portrayed a feeling of derision, I made my

After depositing for safe keeping, in one of the leading hotels,
numerous curios and several hundred dollars in French currency, I
roved at random through the city without any special point of

Having heard a great deal about the interesting sights to be seen in
the “Kasbah,” the Moorish quarter, which is the ancient fortress of
the deys and commands a view of the city from a height of five hundred
feet above sea level, I ventured to this weird section of the city.
Climbing the long winding stairway, or steps of stone, I soon found
myself encompassed by a collection of wild-looking Moors in flowing
robes, turbans, and sandals, the women similarly dressed, whose veiled
faces showed only their eyes, and the artistic tattooing in the centre
of their eyebrows, pranced through dimly lighted lanes, like Rip Van
Winkle’s hobgoblins of the Catskills.

Being unable to hold conversation with these barbarians, I contented
myself with being a silent spectator of their grotesque actions.

After making the rounds of various places of interest, where it was
distinctly obvious that I was an unwelcome visitor, I decided to
return to the better-lighted and more civilized plazas of the city. As
I tried to figure out my bearings on an imaginary compass, I became
bewildered, and in consequence followed any street which had an

From the main street of the “Kasbah” are numerous short streets or
lanes, which seem to have no connection with other streets,
terminating at the entrance to a building. I had tried various ways to
reach the steps I had climbed, without success, and here realized the
importance of having a guide or an interpreter. Finally I sighted the
rays of a search-light, and later a light on the mainmast of a
merchant marine entering the bay. Following in the direction of this
light, I reached a badly lighted portion of this section of the city
overlooking a precipice, when, without a semblance of warning, my arms
and feet were pinioned, I was gagged with a roll of hemp, which was
placed under my chin and drawn taut around my neck. I made a desperate
struggle, but was helpless without the use of my arms, and was
compelled to yield when a blood-thirsty brigand placed the point of a
dirk against the spring of my affections,――namely, the region of my
solar plexus; and it is needless to say that “to slow music” I was
relieved of my personal possessions, including my watch, chain,
finger-ring, keys, money, letters, and trinkets, by six Moorish
brigands, who kindly refrained from casting me over the precipice. As
they broke away, I was left to ponder in amazement.

It was absolutely futile for me to think of an attempt at anything
except that of securing myself and reaching the heart of the city. At
this juncture, and to my great surprise, I was delighted to see,
coming out of one of the narrow streets, my friend Mr. O’Mally the
pedestrian and his interpreter. Recognizing him instantly, I informed
him as to what had happened, which brought a cry from his interpreter
for the gendarmes and soldiers. In a few moments the soldiers and
police had arrived, and I led them in the direction the bandits had
taken, but at night it is impossible to distinguish one Moor from
another, for like Chinese they all look alike at night; therefore, the
soldiers contented themselves in beating them indiscriminately, as the
Moor is the French soldier’s bitterest enemy.

These soldiers, unlike the American soldier, carry their side arms
when off duty, and it was with great difficulty that the gendarmes
prevented some of the Moors from being killed. At one stage of the
game we had a battle royal, and there are a number of Moors in the
“Kasbah” who carry scars as evidence of this night’s fracas.

On our return to the plaza, I discovered that besides leaving the
buttons on my blouse the robbers had overlooked two gold napoleons
which I carried in the watch-pocket of my trousers, and, as the French
soldiers were not averse to accepting a potion of wine for their
services, it was not long before we were drinking to the health of the
United States and the French Republic.

Mr. O’Mally and his guide left the party in the “wee sma” hours of the
morning, and, as three years intervened before my return to America, I
lost all trace of this interesting gentleman.

Next day while returning to my ship, I received the intelligence that
the other marines who had accompanied me ashore had fallen into the
hands of the gendarmes for destroying the roulette-wheel and creating
a general “rough house,” due, they claimed, to crooked work on the
part of the croupier. Later in the day on paying a small fine they
were released.

Our stay in Algiers covered a period of ten days, which included
Easter Sunday. This was a gala day on the plazas and along the
Boulevard; the services in the French cathedral were performed with
great pomp and ceremony; flowers were banked in profusion, while the
singing of the choir was decidedly of a rare quality.

Before leaving this memorable city I had the pleasure of attending a
French masquerade ball in the Rue de Rome, where Parisian dancing
novelties were introduced and where fantastic costumes had no limit.

The last day in Algiers was given to a reception, aboard the ship, to
the foreign legations. As usual on these occasions, the ship was gayly
decorated with flags of all nations. Easter lilies, which had been
presented to the admiral by Algerians, fairly covered the
quarter-deck. Dancing continued throughout the evening, the guests
departing at midnight to the strains of the “Marseillaise.” A few
hours later anchors were weighed, and, under a beautiful pale
moonlight, our cruiser steamed out of the harbor, carrying with it
everlasting memories of the picturesque City of Algiers.

After a cruise of four days the Island of Gozo was sighted, and ere
long we had entered and anchored in Valetta, the capital of Malta. A
large British fleet lay anchored here, also a yacht having on board
his royal personage “The King of Siam,” who was making a cruise of the
Mediterranean Sea. “The Duke and Duchess of York,” on board the
_Ophir_ bound for Australia, for the opening of Parliament, was also
sighted in the Mediterranean Sea.

The Island of Malta is of Arabic origin, but at present an English
possession. It is frequently mentioned in Biblical history, having
been conquered by the Romans two hundred and fifty years before the
birth of Christ.

Near the City of Valetta a spot is pointed out as having been the
place where Paul the Apostle’s ship was wrecked.

I heard Captain McKenzie of the _New York_ remark to the admiral that
Malta is the only place where a Jew cannot prosper, as a Maltese will
beat a Jew.

The principal sights of Malta are the Strada san Giovanni in Valetta,
a wide stone stairway lined on either side with buildings of ancient
architecture, the ruins of a Roman villa and the Beggar’s Stairs. The
Maltese are a musically inclined people, and at night it was very
inspiring to hear the young people, as they coursed around the ship in
“gondolas,” singing selections from the famous “La Traviata” to the
accompaniment of mandolins and guitars, invariably offering as an
encore, the ever beautiful, Venetian “Yama Yama,” famous for ages
along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.

It was with regret that Alexandria, our next port, was to end our
cruise on this magnificent body of water.


  From the Pyramids of Egypt to Singapore

  The Pyramids of Gizeh――The Sphinx――A Famous Relic of the Honeymoon
    of Cleopatra and Mark Antony――Cairo――Camel Caravansary en route
    from Syria to Cairo――Suez Canal――Red Sea――Mt. Sinai――Aden――A
    Monsoon in the Indian Ocean――Singalese of Ceylon――Singapore.

On the arrival of our ship at Port Said, Egypt, the haven of
beach-combers and the most immoral city on the face of the earth,
preparations were at once made for coaling ship. Lighters loaded with
coal were towed alongside, and natives of the Nubian Desert relieved
the crew of this detestable task. Men were granted liberty with the
privilege of visiting Jerusalem or Cairo. It being necessary to travel
by boat a long distance to Jaffa in order to get a train for the Holy
Land, I decided to spend the time in seeing the sights of Cairo, the
Pyramids, Sphinx, and the Nile.

Securing transportation, I boarded a train for the Egyptian capital;
not a very pleasant trip, however, as the heat was intense, and thick
gusts of dust were continually blown from the Sahara and Nubian

The first novel sight that met my gaze was a camel caravansary with a
band of Arabs on their way from Cairo to Syria. Upon entering the
city, the Arabic architecture was the first to attract my attention,
the mosques and minarets particularly appearing prominent. The streets
were thronged with tourists of all nations; camels wending their way
and donkeys for hire or sale at every corner gave the city the aspect
of the “Far East.”

I visited the Sacred Gardens of the “Howling Dervishes,” the tombs of
the Caliphs, an ostrich-breeding house, “Wells of Moses,” the mosque
of the Sultan Hassan, and several museums containing relics of
priceless value dating back to dynasties before the birth of Christ.

In Shephard’s Hotel, Napoleon’s headquarters during his campaign in
Egypt, I saw, guarded with jealous care, the magnificent catamaran or
gondola in which the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra cruised the Nile during
her ostentatious honeymoon with Mark Antony.

After visiting the citadel and places of less interest, I journeyed to
the streets where the music of the tomtoms was attracting attention.
The shades of night having fallen and my appetite being keen, I
sauntered into an Arabian café for dinner, where a string of Egyptian
dancers amused the guests with the muscle-dance, far surpassing
“Little Egypt” or “The Girl in Blue.” These dancers are serious in
their art, and to snicker at them is to manifest ridicule and is
considered an unpardonable breach of manners.

After my “Seely dinner,” every course of which was served quite warm,
I repaired to my hotel and retired for the night.

The following day I engaged a hack and journeyed across the grand
bridge of the Nile to the Pyramids and Sphinx. These landmarks of
prehistoric ages, seventy in number and considered one of the seven
wonders of the world, can be seen from a great distance looming up in
the desert.

The Pyramids of Gizeh, on the west bank of the Nile, are the largest
of the group. The first or Great Pyramid covers thirteen acres at the
base, and is nearly five hundred feet high; it is honeycombed, and
contains the remains of the ancient rulers of Egypt. One hundred
thousand men were employed thirty years in its construction.

Following our guide through the cavernous catacombs, we finally
reached the sarcophagus of Cheops, who ruled Egypt twenty-five
dynasties before the Christian era. After a random tramp of more than
an hour through this dreary dark abode, we returned to the light of
day, and, climbing the Pyramid, reached a point from where Napoleon
reviewed his troops after his campaign against the Mamelukes.

Lying three hundred feet east of the second Pyramid is the colossal
form of the Sphinx, hewn out of solid natural rock, having the body of
a lion with a human head. It is one hundred and seventy-two feet long
and fifty-six feet high. The Sphinx was symbolic of strength,
intellect, and force, and thousands of Egyptians were employed twenty
years in its construction.

Having spent two days of most interesting sight-seeing in this old
historical city, I returned to the cruiser, and after remaining a few
days in the harbor of Port Said, commenced our journey through the
Suez Canal.

This canal, which connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas, was built
by Ferdinand De Lessepps, a Frenchman. France built the canal, but
England owns it, although she permits Frenchmen to run it. The idea
originally was not De Lessepps’, as there had been a canal connecting
the Mediterranean and Red Seas thirteen centuries before Christ. When
Napoleon was in Egypt, he also entertained the project, in order that
France might supplant England in the eastern trade; but it required
the indomitable courage and wonderful genius of De Lessepps to carry
the herculean task to triumph.

The work was begun in 1860 and finished in 1869. One hundred million
dollars were spent, and thirty thousand men were employed in its
construction. The canal is eighty-eight miles long, twenty-six feet
deep, one hundred feet wide at the bottom, and about three hundred
feet wide at the top. The waters contain three times more salt than
ordinary sea water. There are stations along the route where ships tie
up to permit ships going in an opposite direction to pass. Its course
lies through the Nubian Desert, the land which Pharaoh gave to Joseph
for his father and brethren. An occasional drawbridge is in evidence
where the caravansaries cross going to and coming from the Holy Lands.

A novel sight midway in the canal was a French transport loaded with
French soldiers returning from the Boxer campaign in China. Vociferous
cheering from the Americans was responded to by the Frenchmen.

After ploughing the waters of the Suez Canal, our ship entered Bitter
Lake, where we anchored for the night, departing on our voyage at the
break of dawn. Entering “The Gate of Tears,” a strait between Arabia
and the continent of Africa, and so called from the danger arising to
navigation caused by strong currents, we beheld the entrance to the
Red Sea. The Twelve Apostles was the first memorial to remind us of
the historical chronology of this broad body of water. These
“apostles” seem to be of mysterious origin; they consist of twelve
symmetrical columns of rock, which project from the sea in a straight
line, the same distance apart, and shaped identically alike. Not far
from the coast on our port side could be seen Mt. Sinai and Mt. Horeb,
famed in biblical history. Some distance beyond is Mecca, the
Jerusalem of the Mohammedans, near which a spot is pointed out as
being the place where, under the providence of God, the Red Sea was
divided, making a dry pass for the deliverance of the Israelites from
their bondage in Egypt, under the leadership of Moses, the
God-inspired liberator of his people.

Steaming by Mocha, celebrated for its production of the finest coffee
in the world, we entered the harbor of Aden, our first port in Arabia.
Aden is a city typical of the “Far East”; spices of a rich odor
permeate the atmosphere for miles from the coast. The city is built in
the crater of an extinct volcano, and has an altitude of one thousand
feet, is strongly fortified, and commands the trade to India. Arabs
engage in trade of all kinds; beautiful ostrich feathers, Bengal tiger
skins, and ornaments of carved ivory, and souvenirs of sandal-wood are
displayed in the bazaars. Aden is not the dreariest place on earth,
but the few palm trees which surround the city only serve to remove it
a bit from this inconceivable state.

The heat in this section of the world is intense, and, as we steamed
out of the harbor of Aden, it seemed we were ploughing through molten
copper; however, the nights were cool. After passing through the
Straits of Bab el Mandeb and the Gulf of Aden, we entered the Indian
Ocean, enjoying a delightful cool breeze; but soon encountered an
interval of calm, which was followed by an East Indian “monsoon,” a
veritable hurricane at sea. Engines were shut down, guns were lashed,
hatches battened, and lookouts were strapped to the crow’s nest.
Mountainous swells of water washed aboard the ship, and for nine hours
the vessel was at the mercy of the waves. The storm having finally
abated, our rigging was restored, awnings spread, and, after a few
days of delightful cruising in the Indian Ocean, we entered the harbor
of Colombo, the capital of Ceylon, firing the customary salute, which
was returned by the forts and the various navies here represented.

Ceylon, a British possession, is an island in the Indian Ocean, lying
southeast of the peninsula of Hindustan, and is covered with a rich
luxuriance of tropical vegetation. The Singhalese are the most
numerous of its inhabitants; they are devoted to Buddhism, the
prevailing religion of the island. In Kandy, an inland town near the
capital, the sacred tooth of Buddha is guarded with jealous care.

Ceylon is rich in metals, minerals, and precious stones; its gems,
such as sapphires, rubies, topaz, garnets, amethysts, and cats-eye,
have been celebrated from time immemorial. The interior of the island
abounds with birds of paradise and immense bats resembling the
vampire. Animals, such as the elephant, bear, leopard, wild boar,
deer, and monkeys, roam at will, while the crocodile, tortoise, and
large lizards, infest the bogs of the jungle. A celebrated mountain
visible from Colombo is Adam’s Peak, which attains the height of 7420
feet above sea-level.

Colombo, the capital, a fortified city on the western side of the
island, shaded by the trees of the cocoanut palm, is progressive as a
maritime port and particularly as the entrepôt for the East India
trade. The hotels are furnished with “punkahs,” while hammocks of
rattan are stretched on every veranda.

In addition to the native Singhalese, Hindus, Tamils, Moors, Malays,
and Portuguese engage in various occupations, a large number of these
being employed on the coffee and tea plantations.

In the Prince of Wales Hotel I met some soldiers of the famous “Black
Watch” who had participated in the Boer War and who had been sent to
Colombo to recuperate; I accompanied them to their barracks, where we
exchanged various curios.

A large revenue is derived by the government from the pearl-fishery in
the Gulf of Manaar, and whales are captured off the coast.

Seven days were spent in the harbor of Colombo, after which our ship
steamed across the Indian Ocean, and through the Straits of Malacca to
Singapore, an island in the Straits Settlements, south of the Malay
Peninsula, and eighty miles from the equator. It commands the highway
leading from British India to China, and became a British possession
by a treaty with the Sultan of Johore in the year 1824.

Singapore is the entrepôt for the trade of the Malayan archipelago and
China; its chief exports are tapioca, tin, tortoise-shell, camphor,
coffee, nutmegs, gutta percha, and rattan. Situated on the south side
of the island, the town has a very oriental appearance, and its
inhabitants represent sixteen nationalities speaking different
tongues, the most enterprising of these being the Chinese. Though very
warm, the climate is healthy and it is seldom subjected to quarantine.

For ages past the tiger has been a menace to Singapore, and the
government’s archives record an average of three hundred Chinese and
other natives carried off annually by these blood-thirsty man-eaters.

While lying in the harbor of Singapore, the crew of the _New York_ had
the opportunity of witnessing a total eclipse of the sun. Astronomers
from various nations had come to take observations and data for the
official chronological records of their respective governments. It was
an amusing sight to watch the natives as the eclipse passed over the
sun; their superstition led them to believe that the end of the world
had come, and their utterance and performance were ridiculous.

From Singapore our ship steamed into the China Sea for ports in the
Philippine Islands.


  Hong Kong, China, and the Denizens of the Underworld

  A Trip to Canton――“Happy Valley” the “Epsom Downs” of the Far
    East――Discovery of an American Actress in an Opium Joint――A “Rough
    House” in which Guns are Drawn――Moonlight Meditations on the
    Quarter-deck of the _Rainbow_――Encounter with a Victim of Brain

I had made numerous trips across the China Sea, and had been up and
down the Chinese coast from Taku to Saigon several times, on board the
United States Cruiser _New York_, during the Boxer campaign. On this
particular trip, however, I was serving on board the United States
Flagship _Rainbow_, in the capacity of orderly to the junior commander
of the Asiatic fleet, the late Rear Admiral Wilde.

This trip had been looked forward to with great pleasure as our ship
was scheduled for dry dock and this meant lots of shore leave for the

Leaving Manila we steamed across the China Sea, which required about
three days. After the usual quarantine inspections we entered the
land-locked harbor and cast anchor near Kowloon, a town on the
mainland of China.

Hong Kong is situated on Victoria Island and is a British possession;
the island rises to an immense altitude on the slope of which, facing
Kowloon, spreads the City of Hong Kong. The entrance to the harbor is
well fortified and from a light-house on a cliff a powerful light is
cast at night for miles over the China Sea.

Having visited Hong Kong several times, it was my desire this time to
pay a visit to the more typical Chinese City of Canton. So,
accompanied by the Japanese steward of the _Rainbow_, I secured
passage on the British side-wheeler _Moonlight_.

The passengers seemed to represent every nation on earth. There were
Bombay and Chinese merchants, American and European tourists, East
Indian Sikhs, Japanese waiters, and Chinese sailors.

After an all night run on the Pearl River, dawn broke with our eyes
fastened on this great Chinese city, Canton. Here years could be spent
without learning a great deal about its historical calendar.

Entering through a gate of the old stone wall, we found the only
European hotel in the city, the “Victoria,” where, after having had
breakfast, we engaged two sedan chairs carried by coolies, and sought
the places of interest. The streets are so narrow that two chairs can
just barely pass each other. We visited the ancient pagodas, the
execution ground and block where highbinders are beheaded, the
markets, bazaars, and opium dens, and finally witnessed a Chinese

One of the interesting sights of the Pearl River is its floating
population. It is estimated that three million Chinese live in junks
on this river.

I was not at all reluctant to leave this relic of the dark ages for
the more up-to-date city of Hong Kong. We know the nations of the
earth are represented in our New York, but for real cosmopolitanism
the “Queen’s Road” in Hong Kong makes old Broadway look like a street
in a country village.

The principal enterprises of Hong Kong are shipping, the manufacture
of chinaware, silk goods, sedan wood-work, and pyrotechnics. Labor is
very cheap, and, as British imports are entered free of duty, the
living in this city of the far East is very cheap.

Many Hong Kong Chinamen are educated in the English language, have
adopted the customs and manners of the English people, and for
cleverness in business and practical affairs are unexcelled.

A tram-way leads up the mountain-side to the Peak Hotel, from which
you can be conveyed in sedan chairs to the zenith of Victoria Peak. At
the Peak Hotel I met two American prospectors, with whom I played
several games of billiards; these men had spent three years in Sumatra
and were awaiting a liner for “Frisco.” With them I visited Happy
Valley, the Chinese Court, the Dairy Farm, Douglass Castle, Kennedy
Road, the Chinese market, the Royal Naval Canteen, the barracks of the
Welsh Fusileers, the Highlanders, the Scots Guards, and the Sikhs, old
Chinese joss houses, and the famous Traveller’s Inn, where British
bar-maids do the honors.

Horse-racing is the favorite sport in Hong Kong, and the track at
Happy Valley is the Epsom Downs of the Far East. A Derby is a signal
for the suspension of business, and the excitement in the paddock,
grand stand, and along the rail is akin to that at Sheepshead Bay on
the day of the Brooklyn handicap.

The Chinese are born gamblers, whether playing at “fan tan” or picking
the winners on the track. They will carry complete data of a horse:
the distance he can go at his best; the weight he can best carry;
whether fast or slow in starting; and whether a good or bad animal in
mud; all this a Chinaman will study over before placing his money, and
it is usually safe to follow his system.

Hong Kong, like all other cities of the earth, has its underworld.
These labyrinthal subways, where flourish the opium dens, are as
thickly infested with thugs as are the darkest recesses of Mulberry
Bend. Having accompanied a party of Highlanders and Welsh Fusileers
into these dimly lighted caverns, for the purpose of seeing opium
smoked, we fell upon sights which seemed degrading even to a party of
slumming soldiers; here and there in deep recess were cots on which
reclined the sleeping forms of seminude victims of the yenhock.
Further on, an American girl in a kimono approached me with the query
as to what part of the United States I was from. Her flushed face
indicated that she was under the influence of “samshu,” a popular
native intoxicant. She told me how eager she was to get back to her
native land, but how impossible it seemed to raise the price of the
transportation. Her home she said was in St. Louis, that she had
accompanied a theatrical troupe from San Francisco to Australia, which
had stranded and disbanded in Sydney; from Australia she had
accompanied a troupe through the Straits Settlements, and finally
arrived in Hong Kong, only to fall a victim to the plague, from which
she recovered, and finally drifted penniless into the abode of the
denizens of the underworld. Her story was a sad one, but you meet the
same class and hear similar stories in all cities of the world. As we
bade her adieu and passed on through this “chamber of horrors,” we
could hear her voice, singing, “Give me just one little smile; every
little bit helps.”

There were some ugly-looking heathens in this underground bee-hive,
and, before leaving, we played at “fan tan,” having considerable luck,
which seemed to irritate an almond-eyed highbinder to such an extent
that he broke up the game. This caused a Highlander to hand him a jolt
on the eye, and this started a “rough house,” in which I was compelled
to declare peace along the barrel of my Colt automatic; it looked like
work for a coroner, but Chinese are afraid of a gun, and the
resumption of order was momentary.

Having visited every nook and cranny of this quaint city during my ten
days’ shore leave, I returned to the arduous duties about the deck of
a “man-of-war.”

The _Rainbow_ had changed her position from the anchorage ground in
the bay to a dry dock in Kowloon opposite the City of Hong Kong; here
she was undergoing a process of renovation.

On board a “man-of-war” the hours for performing duty are divided into
three watches, each watch commencing at eight bells. At eight o’clock
commences what is known as the first watch, this watch is relieved at
twelve o’clock by the mid watch, and this is relieved at four o’clock
by the dog watch, the night watches being regulated the same as the

In the navy the non-commissioned officers of the guard exercise no
authority over the orderlies of the admiral and “skipper,” and there
is no posting an orderly, as in the case of a sentry, there being a
mutual compact that each relief report promptly on the hour.

At night it is customary for each orderly to waken his own relief. As
eight bells struck for the dog watch, I was in the bulkhead leading to
the admiral’s cabin, testing my annunciator and receiving any verbal
orders which might have been left by the flag-officer or officer of
the deck. On this particular night Admiral Wilde, who “by the way”
commanded the _Boston_ of Dewey’s fleet at the battle of Manila Bay,
accompanied by Commander Staunton of the _Rainbow_, had left the ship
to attend a dinner party on board the British commerce destroyer

The old man being away, I spent my watch in leisure, as an admiral’s
orderly takes orders from no one but the admiral. After sampling a few
of his mild Manila cigars and running off a few letters on the
typewriter, I climbed aloft to the quarter-deck, where the capstan and
brass tompions of the big aft eight-inch guns shone bright in the

What a night this was! Never on such a night could Dewey’s fleet have
passed unseen the forts of Corregidor. There, stretching over the
mountain-side of Victoria, lay the illuminated City of Hong Kong; the
wavelets of the Pearl River, with its myriads of junks and sampans,
seemed to dance in the moonlight; off at the entrance, from the tower
of a light-house, a powerful revolving search-light cast its rays
beyond the horizon of the China Sea. Here and there dotting the harbor
were the “dogs of war” of the American, British, German, and French
navies; large junks with colored Chinese lanterns at the bow, which
trembled in the soft breeze, and an eye on either side, to guide it on
its way, passed to and fro, like phantoms of the mist.

All was silent about the deck. The tramp, tramp, tramp of the big East
Indian Sikh who patrolled the water front was the only sound to
disturb the tranquillity of this dream-like night. As I leaned on the
taffrail of the quarter-deck, in deep meditation, I thought of what a
prodigious subject this scene would make for the pen of a Byron or a
Browning, and that it was on such a night in Venice that Desdemona
eloped with her tawny Moorish warrior.

As my eyes feasted on the grandeur of these moonlight scenes, the
tongue of the bell tolled seven; it was half past eleven and time to
call my relief. With a dark lantern I started for the berth-deck; near
the entrance to the conning tower I was approached by an excited
sailor, who asked my opinion of the terrible massacre in Hong Kong. I
informed the fellow that I had heard nothing of a massacre, whereupon
he volunteered to show me a bulletin; leading the way to the
pilot-house, he found it locked; gazing through the window, the man
exclaimed, “Look there! read that!” The light was on, and, sure
enough, there was a scrip attached to the wheel, the writing of which
it was impossible to read.

Having aroused my curiosity, I further inquired as to the
circumstances leading to the massacre. For several minutes the fellow
was non-committal, acting surprised at my ignorance in not even having
heard the report of the guns. Impulsively he shouted, “Look there! see
that cloud of smoke? The Inniskilling Dragoons have fired on the Royal
Artillery, and, as the result of the conflict, ten thousand natives
lie strewed in death.” This unusual surprise did not exactly paralyze
me, but it was the cue for me to make my exit, which I did with
symptoms of the ague, having made an excuse to go below for a pair of
binoculars that we might gaze on the scene more clearly.

This was my first experience with a victim of brain storm, and,
although I shrink from the admittance of “having cold feet,” I must
admit that the atmosphere on this occasion was unduly chilly.

On the main deck I met some coal-passers who had been gambling in the
engine-room; apprising these fellows of there being a crazy man on
deck, we concurred in the advisability of notifying the master at arms
and having him put away for safe keeping. In a short time the fellow
was manacled and led to the brig, protesting his innocence of having
been a party to the massacre.

Upon examination by the surgeon, the man was removed to the “sick
bay,” where it developed that the unfortunate fellow was suffering
from acute melancholia. During the investigation to consider the
advisability of sending him to a sanitarium in Yokohama, he tried to
cough up a ten-inch shell which he claimed to have accidentally
swallowed. Having undergone a course of treatment on the Island of
Hondo, Japan, the fellow fully recovered, and I have since learned
that he regained his normal health and is prospering in the middle

Upon completion of our ship in dry dock, we bade adieu to the land of
the heathen Chinee and steamed into the China Sea _en route_ to the
Sula Archipelago, spending Thanksgiving in the harbor of Puerto
Princessa on the Island of Palawan.


  A Trip to Japan

  Departure of the “Flag-Ship” from Manila――A Typhoon in the China
    Sea――The Inland Sea of the “Rising Sun”――Baseball with the Kobe
    Country Club――Fujiyama――Yokohama――Tokio, and the Imperial Palace
    of the Mikado――A French Fleet Celebrates the Taking of the
    Bastille――Unveiling of Perry’s Monument――A Reception on Board the
    _New York_ to the Nobility of the “Flowery Kingdom.”

The United States Cruiser _New York_,――flying the ensign of Rear
Admiral Rodgers, commander-in-chief of the Asiatic station, who had
received orders to proceed to Yokohama, Japan, to participate in the
unveiling of a monument erected by the Japanese government in
commemoration of the achievement of Commodore Perry, his grandfather,
who anchored there with his fleet in 1854, and, as ambassador sent by
President Filmore, succeeded in opening the ports of Japan to foreign
commerce,――drew anchor June 25, 1901, and steamed into the China Sea,
with the gun-boat _Yorktown_ following in her wake.

The cruise was uneventful for the first few days, when, about 11 A.M.
of the third day, the barometer suddenly dropped several degrees and
dark, heavy clouds gave evidence that a typhoon was approaching. All
sails on board were secured, guns were lashed, hatches battened down,
and sou’westers donned by the lookouts. A few minutes later we were
being rocked in a heavy sea; a terrible gale of wind, whistling
through the ventilators, brought relief to the coal-passers below. Our
deep fog-whistle was blown every minute, and the boatswain and his
mates were active and constantly on the alert. Our engines were kept
going as usual, and by evening the typhoon had broken and we were
sailing on a fair sea off the coast of Formosa.

After two days’ more sail, occasionally passing a man-of-war or
mail-steamer, we sighted the beautiful islands of the Inland Sea, the
land of the Rising Sun, which we entered at sunrise. This land-locked
Japanese body of water is a broad lake over two hundred miles long,
filled with islands and sheltered by uneven shores. From sunrise to
dark, shadowy vistas opened and peaceful shores golden with ripening
grain slipped by. There was nothing to disturb the dream-like charm,
and yet human life and achievement were constantly in sight. Along the
shores stretched chains of villages, with stone walls, castles, and
temples soaring above the clustered roofs, or peeping from wooded
slopes were terraced fields of rice and grain, ridging every hill to
its summit and covering every lower level.

Dotted throughout this fairy-like lake are stone torrils, miniature
light-houses, which guide the ships at night. Junks and sampans lie
anchored in fleets or creep idly across the water, and small coasting
steamers thread their way in and out among the islands. For miles we
steamed by what is supposed to be the most picturesque scenery in the
world. It was yet twilight when Kobe was seen in the distance at the
head of the Inland Sea, sheltered from the land by the range of
mountains back of it. We entered the harbor after having been
inspected by the Japanese quarantine officials, and anchored astern of
the British battleship _Aurora_. Before the last notes of tattoo were
sounded our booms were spread and launches lowered, and the
beautifully illuminated city of Kobe lay before us. Kobe means “Gate
of God” and is the model foreign settlement of the eastern part of
Japan, with a population of 215,000.

A pretty park in the heart of the concession, shaded by camphor trees
and ornamented by groups of palms, thatched summer houses, and a
bell-tower, was once the execution ground of Hiogo. A line of
tea-houses cover the brow of the hill, which is also dotted here and
there with orange groves. The streets are lined with curio shops and
jinrikshaws drawn by coolies. Here we spent the Fourth of July; the
men-of-war lying here all dressed in holiday attire, our flag-ship
fired a salute of twenty-one guns. In the afternoon our base-ball
team, accompanied by the band and all those eligible for liberty, went
ashore, where we crossed bats with the Kobe country club, our band
rendering inspiring music during the game. The result was a whitewash
for the country club, who entertained us lavishly at their club-house
in the evening.

After spending two weeks in this city we set out for Yokohama, making
the voyage in thirty hours. After passing the famous light-ship at the
entrance to Yokohama harbor, we were met by the quarantine officials.
Their usual routine of work completed, we steamed into the harbor,
firing a national salute of twenty-one guns, which was returned by the
forts and by the British, French, Italian, and Japanese men-of-war,
our band playing the national airs of the various countries here
represented, the marines presenting arms. Casting anchor near the
French cruiser _Friant_, the usual visits of courtesy were exchanged.

Numerous vessels of the merchant marine of all nations, besides
men-of-war, brigs, yachts, barks, sampans, and junks, were scattered
profusely over the harbor, coming and going, bells rang in chorus
around the anchorage ground, saluting and signal-flags slipped up and
down the masts, while the bang and low-rolling echo of the ship’s guns
made mimic war. At night the harbor dazzles with various colored
lights, while the search-lights of the “men-of-war” illuminate
sections of the city on the heights.

Yokohama lies between immense bluffs, on one of which the stars and
stripes are seen flying over an American hospital. Beyond the bluff
proper stretches the race-course, from which can be seen Fujiyama, or
sacred mountain, which is invested with legends; it is said to have
risen up in a single night, two thousand years ago, and for centuries
pilgrims have toiled up the weary path to pray at the highest shrine
and to supplicate the sun at dawn.

Fujiyama, with the circling storks and ascending dragons, symbolizes
success in life and triumph over obstacles. Until the year 1500 it was
a living volcano. A road leads from “Fuji” to Mississippi Bay, where
Commodore Perry’s ships anchored in 1854.

To the port side lies Kanagawa, well fortified; just beyond is the
grave of Richardson, the Briton who was killed, by the retainers of
the prince of Satsuma in 1862, for deliberately riding into the
daimyo’s train. A memorial stone, inscribed with Japanese characters,
marks the spot where Richardson fell. This cost the Japs the
bombardment of Kagishima and an indemnity of 125,000 pounds.

Near this spot is situated black-eyed Susan’s tea-house, a favorite
resort for tourists. According to one version, “Susan’s strand” is
where the Rip Van Winkle of Japan (Urashima) sailed on an immense
tortoise for the home of the sea king. Yokohama is surrounded by rich
silk districts, orchards, and the most beautiful flowers I have ever
seen. The villages in the suburbs are very picturesque, with narrow
roads and shady paths leading through perpetual scenes of sylvan
beauty: bamboo trees, thatched roofs, and gnarled camphor trees
everywhere charm the eye.

Tokio, the capital, is but eighteen miles from Yokohama. The city is
intensely interesting; Japanese ladies in silk kimonos and straw
sandals, fluttering along the streets like butterflies, invariably
wearing a red carnation in their neatly dressed coal-black hair,
present a pretty sight as they enter and leave their quaint little
tea-houses; you are reminded of the scenes in the Mikado, San Toy, and
Geisha operas. The jinrickshaw man is everywhere in evidence, ready to
convey you to any part of the city; for one yen, or about fifty cents
in American gold, he will haul you around for an entire morning.

The coolies of Japan are superior to those of Ceylon and Singapore in
the power of endurance and intelligence, the former being full of
spirit and animation, while the latter possess that languorous
indifference characteristic of the Straits Settlements native.

The Imperial Palace, the abode of the Mikado, is a magnificent edifice
surrounded by the Imperial Gardens, which cover a vast area of ground;
a short distance beyond, with no less ostentation, stands the palatial
residence of the Empress Dowager. My “rickshaw coolie” having taken me
into this Imperial Park, I was admiring the beauty thereof, when we
were approached by a sentry who admonished the coolie to proceed no
farther; when I urged him to continue, he informed me he was afraid of
being shot, whereupon we returned to the more peaceable surroundings
along the studios of the “geishas.”

The police register the arrival of all strangers, keeping a record of
their movements and admonishing them as to their behavior. The temples
are of great interest; in one I was shown the tomb of Buddha, whose
final interment, like the disposition of the bones of Columbus and
John Paul Jones, has been based on presumptive evidence.

Besides the diplomatic corps, there are a great many missionaries in
Tokio, while the army is everywhere in evidence.

July the 14th, the day set for the unveiling of Commodore Perry’s
monument at Uraga, dawned with a heavy fog hanging over the harbor.
Coincident with this event was the anniversary of the destruction of
the “Bastille,” which the flag-ship of the French fleet, the cruiser
_Friant_, had prepared to celebrate.

About 7.45 A.M. quarters sounded: the marines formed an alignment on
the starboard side of the quarter-deck, attired in full dress;
saluting gun crews fell to the forward six-pounders, and blue-jackets
formed an alignment on the port side. Everything ready, my annunciator
rang, and I reported to Admiral Rodgers, eight bells and under way. As
we steamed by the British, French, German, Italian, and Japanese
war-vessels, followed by the American fleet, the various bands played
“The Star-Spangled Banner,” the marines presenting arms, while the
American band played the Japanese national air, and in turn the
“Marseillaise,” the national air of the French republic. In less than
an hour we had entered the harbor of Kurahama, near Uraga, firing a
salute of twenty-one guns, our ships dressed in holiday attire from
bow to stern, with the Japanese ensign flying at the main. Our salute
was returned by the Japanese, and we anchored near the spot where
Commodore Perry’s ships anchored in 1854.

The Japanese fleet represented ancient, medieval, and modern warfare,
and included two of the most modern battleships afloat at that
time,――namely, the _Shikishima_ and _Hatsuse_, both of which figured
prominently in the bombardment of the Liaotung Peninsula and the
terrible slaughter of the Russians in the Straits of Korea.

The Yokohama Yacht Club was well represented in the harbor, and every
craft and packet, down to the odd-looking sampan, endeavored to appear
festive and holiday like.

The terrible weather prevented what was to have been a very imposing
ceremony. Thousands of Japanese from Tokio, Yokohama, Hakodate, Kioto,
Kobe, Osaka, Nagasaki, and the interior villages, had congregated to
witness the unveiling. A guard of five hundred marines from the fleet,
with the naval band of the _Hatsuse_, landed and were stationed in
front of the monument. The officers of the ships and government
officials were stationed on stands erected.

About twelve o’clock the ceremonies commenced with the band rendering
the Japanese national air, Admiral Rodgers broke the cords that held
the veil, and the monument was put in view. The United States
minister, Colonel A. E. Buck, being ill, an address was made by J. M.
Ferguson, secretary of the legation, who dwelt on the progress of
Japan and the friendship existing between her and America since the
opening of her ports to foreign commerce, and other beneficent
consequences that have followed Commodore Perry’s visit.

This was followed by a speech in Japanese by Premier Viscount Kasura,
after which Admiral Rodgers addressed the assemblage. Governor Sufu
also spoke in Japanese, and this was followed by the last address,
made by Rear Admiral Beardsley (retired), who was a midshipman on
Commodore Perry’s flag-ship over half a century ago.

After several appropriate selections by the band, during which
courtesies and greetings were exchanged, this military and civic
pageant, drenched by the rain that continually fell, dispersed to
their respective vessels and returned to Yokohama.

The monument consists of an immense slab of granite, resting on a
large granite foundation, on which the inscription, in Japanese
characters, translated is: “This monument marks the landing-place of
Commodore Perry, of the United States of America”; on the reverse
side, “Landed on the 14th July, 6th year Kayai; constructed on the 1st
July, 34th year Meiji.” It is thirty-four feet high and weighs
nineteen tons.

It was about five o’clock when the anchors of the _New York_ were
again hauled, and before supper was over we had again entered Yokohama
Bay, where the _Friant_ lay beautifully dressed in various-colored
flags, and literally covered with incandescent lights, the name
_Friant_ shining over the mizzen-top.

As the guns of the American war-ship belched forth a national salute,
in honor of the day that changed the current of events in France, the
American band struck up the “Marseillaise” (Chant de Guerre de l’Armee
du Rhin), and as the ship cast her anchors off the port bow of the
British commerce-destroyer _Terrible_, rapturous enthusiasm was
exhibited by the sailors. The festivities on board the French
flag-ship were joined in the evening by the officers of the various
fleets represented, and this ended a day of pleasure and events.

The following day a reception was tendered by the Americans, on board
the _New York_, to representatives of the nobility, officers of the
army and navy of Japan, members of the legation, civilian
representatives, and officers of the various fleets. The ship was
dressed in her best holiday attire for this occasion, and it was a
gala day for all on board. Ladies of various nations vied with one
another for beauty and effect. Japanese attired in European dress,
many of whom had been educated in the United States and Europe and
spoke Anglo-Saxon fluently, were there with sparkling vivacity. Lunch
was served on board by Japanese waiters, who could carry eighteen
goblets of champagne on one tray without spilling a drop. Music and
dancing were the chief features of the day.

The ship remained in Yokohama two weeks on this trip, steaming from
here to the famous dry-dock at Kure on the Island of Hondo. Here the
cruise was curtailed, owing to American interests requiring pressure
along the Chinese coast, where piracy in various forms was found
flourishing brazenly red-handed. After remaining two weeks in the
harbor of Amoy, the cruiser _New York_ steamed off in the darkness for
the Malay Peninsula.


  War Orders in the “Land of the Rising Sun”

  Sacred Ports of the “Mikado”――The “Kobe Country Club”――A Baseball
    Game――War Orders――Under Forced Draft to Manila――A Company of the
    Ninth Infantry Annihilated by “Bolomen”――A Midnight Bombardment
    along the Coast of Samar――Death and Solemn Burial of a
    Midshipman――Blowing up a “Banco”――A Fight in the Gandarra
    Straits――Midnight Fusillade――Terrible Deprivations――War is
    Hell――Return to the Land of the “Rising Sun.”

Through the courtesy of the Mikado of Japan, Admiral Rodgers,
commanding the American Asiatic squadron, had been granted the unusual
privilege of visiting, with his flag-ship the _New York_, ports in the
land of the “Rising Sun” whose harbors, surrounded by a succession of
mountain scenery and terraced hills of fantastic formation, had never
been graced by the flag of a foreign nation. It was therefore hailed
with delight by all on board when the news was promulgated about the
decks, that ere long our sea-going home would be winding her way
through the thread-like channels of the most beautiful body of water
extant, the “Inland Sea” of Japan, in the fashioning of which nature’s
handiwork reached its highest degree of excellence, unquestionably
supervised by all the “gods” of the omnipotent realm.

From the Malay Peninsula, and ports along the Celebes Sea, our ship
ploughed her way to the smaller islands of the Philippine archipelago,
where the crew had been occupied for several months placing beacons
and bell-buoys along the rocks and shoals.

Some time had been spent in target practice in the China Sea, both
shell and torpedo, and, with the exception of an occasional run to
Zamboango or Cebu, isolated ports, the monotony was intensified by the
lack of news from the outside world.

“Heaving the hook” (as the sailors say) one cloudy morning, as the
mist hung o’er the rice fields, the cruiser steamed for an anchorage
of a few days in the waters of Manila Bay. Lord, what a relief! We had
been coaling ship from colliers, and living on “salt-horse,”
hard-tack, and beans for nearly four months; and this was not the
worst of all, for we had had no mail from home (anywhere in the good
old United States was home), and mail in these foreign ports was
mighty precious. Even the poor fellow who seemed homeless and
friendless would listen with tears in his eyes, while his shipmate
read him passages written by some one in the home land.

Arriving in Manila Bay the ship cast anchor off Cavite, innumerable
sacks of mail were soon brought aboard, and as the master-at-arms
yelled out, “Mail O, mail O, on the starboard side of the gun-deck!” a
scrimmage ensued, such as would make the army and navy foot-ball
contest look like a game of quoits at a country fair. This day it
required two assistants to the master-at-arms in handling the bulk of
letters, papers, and periodicals that had accumulated during our
absence from civilization, the distribution of which reminded me of
the post-office scene from an old sketch at Carncross and Dixey’s
Philadelphia “play-house.”

Such queries as the following could be heard on the deck: “How many
letters did you get, Jack?” “Oh, I haven’t counted them, but here’s a
good one: ‘Dear Jack, how is it you never speak of your roommate? Is
he tall or short? Where does he come from and what is his name?’ Now,
wouldn’t that shatter your shingles?” “Say, fellows, did you hear what
‘Jack o’ the Dust’s’ sweetheart wrote? She wants to know if the
Philippines are anywhere near Germany. He is going to write and tell
her they are a little south of Germany and China.” “Hello, ‘Sinbad,’ I
don’t see you reading any mail,” is jokingly aimed at a husky “tar,”
whose derisive reply is, “No, nor you don’t see me answering
advertisements either.” For genuine humor, the arrival of mail aboard
a “man-of-war” in a foreign port is one droll dramatic comedy.

Three weeks later found the flag-ship gracing the bay of Nagasaki,
where Baron Kaneko and party of envoys boarded the cruiser, as guests
of Admiral Rodgers, for a trip through the Inland Sea.

The first port the vessel steamed for was Mitsugahamo, whose
land-locked harbor was entered toward evening, the blazing sheen of
the setting sun tingeing a deep sapphirine sky, reflecting from the
mirror-like bay to the craggy cliffs whose contour shone in
amethystine beauty. As the sun sank behind the cliffs, the iron clang
of clattering chains was heard lowering the anchors. This American
ship had been the first foreign vessel to enter the channel of this
sacred port of the pristine Shoguns.

The people of this island, in their more than semi-nudeness,
courtesied to the ground on meeting the Americans, offering their
broad sun-shades during the day, and providing sandals for the visitor
who on entering their pretty bamboo homes is required to remove his

Morality in Japan has been decried as being lax; the assertion in my
estimation is a libel, when attended with more weight than should be
given other countries. From my personal observation of countries, the
customs and manners of their people, the records of divorce courts,
mutual separations, desertions, and the “red-light” signals to the
underworld of the large cities, I would place the Japanese fourth, and
in so doing begin the line of comparison within the confines of the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

In the villages of Mitsugahamo cleanliness was the dominating virtue;
carefully swept streets were offset by bamboo fences enclosing
productive gardens and rockeries with plants of flaunting blossoms.
Hardwood carving and lacquer work employed a large number of the men,
while the women, with their little tycoons strapped like a papoose,
were engaged in weaving silk on a loom or in fancy painting and

The people of this island seemed to be the typical Japanese
aborigines, there being no indication of a mixture of blood, such as
is seen in such seaport cities as Nagasaki and Yokohama.

Our next visit of importance was to the sacred island of Miyajima,
where legend tells us a sacred fire has been burning for three
thousand years. For ages past there has been neither a birth nor a
death chronicled on this strange island of the “Rising Sun.”
Indisposition of health is immediately attended by deportation, while
the quarantine officials cautiously examine every subject for any
disorder that might tend to suddenly snuff out the light of existence,
and, like the parable of the ten virgins, those whose lights are dimly
burning cannot enter in. (See 25th chapter of Matthew, records of
orthodoxy.) After visiting various other ports of unpronounceable
names, our ship steamed to the city of Kobe, described in a previous
narrative. Lying in the harbor were the British battleship _Endymion_,
two Italian cruisers, a German battleship, two Russian monitors, and
the Japanese battleship _Hatsuse_. The following day the baseball team
of the cruiser _New York_, having accepted a challenge, went ashore to
cross bats with the “Kobe Country Club,” the members of which were
more than eager to blot out the stigma of their previous defeat. The
day was an ideal baseball day in every respect; a cool breeze blew
through the park in the west end of the city, while thick gray clouds
shut off the burning rays of the sun.

On reaching the “diamond,” the American contingent, consisting of the
baseball team chaperoned by Chaplain Chidwick, the band, and every
available man whose duties did not prevent him from getting ashore,
were given an ovation by a mixture of Japanese, Russian, Italian, and
English voices resembling somewhat the noise in “Cheyenne Joe’s” Rocky
Mountain Inn during the “Louisiana Purchase Exposition.” The
grandstand was thronged with officers and wives, representing the
Japanese army and the vessels of various nations, numerous tourists,
and butterfly geishas attired in pretty silk kimonos; it was also
noticeable that the American party was augmented by Captain and Mrs.
Putnam Bradley Strong, widely known in both hemispheres.

With the rendition of popular selections by the band, the game opened
with clever playing on both sides, the _New York’s_ battery and
in-field having a shade the better of the game, though the out-field
of the “Country Club” did excellent service in stopping the sphere,
which was pounded hard by the Americans. The game was very pretty in
all its details, resulting in a victory for the “blue jackets”; score,
5 to 3.

After the game had closed, it was amusing to hear the admirers of our
opponents expressing their opinions as to what might have been the
result if the short-stop had only swung to “first” instead of “home,”
how a double play could have been made, putting the side out and
preventing a score, et cetera.

In the evening, with some friends whom I had met on a previous visit,
I journeyed to the “club,” where the conversation was all baseball;
after the fine points of the game had been discussed, it was
unanimously decided that, it being too late to perform a diagnosis, an
autopsy should be held, somebody even suggested an inquest; however,
let it suffice, that the obsequies terminated ceremoniously, with the
pathetic recital of “Casey at the bat” by W. P. Bradley, an American.
In the British army during its hard-fighting days, when the loss of so
many soldiers had a depressing effect on those who attended their
departed heroes to the grave, it was deemed expedient to have the band
play inspiring airs, immediately following the last notes of “taps,”
which invariably had a cheering effect on the soldiers; this was
accompanied by a social gathering at the “canteen,” where deep
draughts, in communion and good fellowship, were quaffed from the
“flowing bowl.”

The sad loss the “Kobe Country Club” had suffered on the “diamond”
this day had enjoined the members to seek recourse to the above
custom, and verily I disclose unto those in attendance that night in
Japan, if, with the awakening of the dawn, your feverish brows
throbbed for cracked ice as mine did, my sympathy for you is

During the celebration this night at the club, each guest performed
some little sketch of his own; an officer of the British battleship
_Endymion_, being pressed “real hard” for a song, was finally
prevailed upon for a selection. Taking a position at the piano, he
skilfully ran over the keys, then, turning, addressed the club as
follows: “Gentlemen, am noute at ’ome in the voucal loine, but, if you
must ’ave a song, a’l endeavor to sing a selection sent to me by an
aeold friend in the United States, entitled, ‘I’d leave my ’appy ’ome
for you, double o, double o.’” We Americans who had heard the song in
the “States” knew the title to be, “I’d leave my happy home for you,
oo, oo.” Turning to the piano, our friend commenced:

  “I’d leave my ’appy ’ome for you, double o, double o;
  For you’re the sweetest girl I ever knew, double o, double o,”

et cetera. Well, the chuckling expressions of mirth that this
ridiculous song brought forth created a laughable scene. Once begun,
the fellow was unwilling to stop; he evidently had hysteria, and
thought the laughing applause, for he pounded away on the keys, and
rang in double o, whether it fitted or not, until, finally, a brother
officer went to him and whispered something in his ear, whereupon he
ceased, and joined in the laugh with all the attributes of a good

Many of the crew had planned a visit to the quaint inland city Osaka;
but the destiny of the soldier and sailor is one of absolute
uncertainty. This time the unexpected appeared in the shape of an
order, directing that the cruiser proceed at once under forced draft
to Manila, a distance of 1400 miles. All kinds of rumors ran afloat,
the one predominating being that a German ship caught smuggling arms
to the insurgents had been fired on by the gun-boat _Nashville_; this,
however, seemed absurd, though not improbable. It was evident, at any
rate, that something of a serious nature needed repairing, as
consultations in the admiral’s cabin by the flag-officers and captain
were at fever heat. The following day at dawn, coaling ship was
commenced by a motley throng of natives, who kept a continuous stream
of coal pouring into the bunkers, which by night-fall contained two
hundred and fifty tons. At two bells (9 o’clock) the ship had been
thoroughly cleansed, and at four bells (10 o’clock) anchors were
weighed, and the “bull-dog of war” ploughed madly through the waters
of the phosphorous deep. Fair weather prevailed throughout the voyage,
alleviating to some extent the labor of the coal-passers below, who by
their strenuous efforts kept the cruiser under forced draft, driving
her through the “briny” swells and into Manila Bay in less than four
days. Casting anchor in the harbor of Cavite, booms were spread,
launches lowered, and we immediately learned of our mission, of the
terrible massacre of Company “G” of the Ninth Infantry, General
Chaffee’s old command, at the hands of the barbarous bolo-men of
Samar, the company having been taken by surprise while at breakfast.

Most every person is familiar with the horror of this massacre on the
Island of Samar in October, 1901; of how the savages stealthily crept
upon the sentries, dispatching them with a thrust of the bolo, as one
might blow out a flame, so adroit and silent was the operation; how,
at a signal given, one detachment secured the arms in the barracks, as
another made the fatal charge at the mess-hall, where one of the
bloodiest struggles ensued that has been recorded since the battle of
the “Alamo,” one or two soldiers of a whole company miraculously
escaping to tell the tale.

Great activity was at once begun on board the vessel, when it was
learned that the army and navy were to co-operate in suppressing
hostilities among the ferocious tribes of this jungle island, whose
leader, the squinty-almond-eyed insurgent General Lukban, had
defiantly sneered at foreign authority. Provisions and ammunition were
stored in the hold, numerous three-inch rifles, Colt automatics, and
one-pounders secured on deck, while four Kentucky mules to be used in
dragging the guns occupied stalls amidships. After the munitions of
war had been carefully stored and the minor details of the expedition
completed, Major (now Colonel) L. W. T. Waller, with his battalion of
three hundred marines, boarded the cruiser. This gallant battalion had
recently returned from China, where their valiant bravery before the
gates of Pekin had been attested by the troops of all nations.

What a scene this was on board a man-of-war!――seven hundred sailors in
the fashion of the sea, and three hundred marines in the garb of the
field, all ready, as mad Anthony Wayne said, to storm hell if

One of the most magnificent military scenes and inspired feeling I
have ever experienced was on that balmy October morning in the year
1901, as I reported to Admiral Rodgers, six bells and underway. The
band had struck up, “Tramp, tramp, tramp, the boys are marching,” as
the entire sortie joined in the singing:

  “Damn, damn, damn the Filipinos,
   Pock-marked, almond-eyed ladrones,
       And beneath the starry flag
       We’ll civilize them with the ‘Krag,’
   Then we’ll journey to our old beloved homes.”

This was a gala day for all on board; burnished bayonets glittered in
the noonday’s sun, while the khaki uniforms of the soldiers of the sea
contrasted with the immaculate white of the sailors.

The officers of the battalion to a man were soldiers, like those of
the St. Louis battalion, thorough in the art of war; men who had
proved themselves in active service; unlike a few under whom I served,
who broke into the army in ’98 and earlier, whose non-commissioned
officers were required to draw their topographical outlines, and who,
were it necessary to depend on their merits in civil life, would
suffer incompetency in a country grocery.

The voyage down the coast was one grand round of pleasure; apparently
it was “an excursion” for the men who had fought their way through
Tien Tsin on to Pekin, and with Riley’s battery, the Ninth and the
Fourteenth Infantry, had battered, rammed, fired, and scaled the walls
of the Forbidden City. On the gun-deck of the man-of-war talented
musicians of the battalion kept an incessant flow of music in action,
a piano accompanying the popular songs of the sea and field, as
rendered in their true originality by some whose bones were doomed to
bleach on the gruesome battle-fields of Samar.

Lieutenant “Jack” Gridley, ever popular with the officers and men, in
whose company the writer had served, cheerfully announced the
proceedings of the programme. It was far from our thoughts that night
that this brave son of the captain of the historic _Olympia_, after
braving the dangers of war, must suffer the wiles of the grim reaper
in peace, in the terrible explosion aboard the battleship _Missouri_.

About midnight of the second day, while cruising along the coast of
Samar, under the cover of darkness, signal-lights could be seen dimly
burning at points of vantage. With the aid of night binoculars a camp
of insurgents was discovered bivouacked along the side of the
mountains, several miles up the coast from Catabalogan. A powerful
search-light thrown on this scene made the enemy clearly visible, and
great activity could be seen among the insurgents, as if startled by
impending danger. With great accuracy of aim an eight-inch shell was
dropped in the camp; this was followed by a bombardment of the coast,
in which the broadside batteries flashed their deadly munitions of
war, creating terrible havoc and demoralizing the enemy. Dropping
anchor in the harbor of Catabalogan, the cruiser was met by the
_Zafiro_, which conveyed the battalion to Balangiga, the scene of the
slaughter of the Ninth.

The following day the sad news of the death of Midshipman Noya reached
the _New York_, being the first naval officer killed in the Samar
campaign. Cadet Noya was of the class of 1900, Annapolis Academy; his
death was attributed largely to the fact of his having worn a white
uniform on shore. At about five o’clock in the evening of October 27,
1901, accompanied by half a dozen sailors, he went ashore at
Nippa-Nippa near the bay to look for suspected smugglers. Sending four
of the men into the town, he remained on the beach while the two men
in the boat retired about two hundred yards from shore. His white
uniform evidently attracted attention, and unseen by him a dozen
bolo-men crept upon the officer; there was a noiseless rush, he was
felled with a bolo wound and his pistol taken, with which they shot
him. The men in the boat, hearing his cry, leaped overboard and half
waded, half swam to his rescue; they reached him while he was still
conscious. “Men, be very careful; they have taken my revolver,” he
murmured, and died. The remains were placed in the boat (the others
having returned) and taken to Catabalogan. A sailor had wig-wagged
across the bay, and as the body arrived at the dock it was met by a
cortege consisting of General Smith, Admiral Rodgers, Chaplain
Chidwick, and others.

Some time was spent in making primary arrangements for the final
resting-place, which consisted, in that hostile country at that time,
of turning over the sod and organizing a firing squad. A heavy rain
fell as the procession was formed at the dock in the following order:
Military band, detachment of soldiers, naval band, detachment of
sailors, body, pall-bearers, and mourners, consisting of members of
the army and navy. To the slow music of a dirge, the procession moved
out of town to the little National cemetery on the hill-side. Here the
mourners drew up about the grave while the solemn burial service was
read by Chaplain Chidwick, who took this occasion to make a few
remarks on the character of the deceased. As the chaplain concluded
his remarks, the firing squad of soldiers drew up, and three sharp
clear volleys rang out over the open grave, followed by the
ever-beautiful sound of “taps,” concluding the service. As the first
clods fell in the grave, the military band struck up a lively two-step
and led the procession back to town; at the same time the rain ceased,
the clouds rolled away, and glorious sunshine covered the land,
symbolic of the beauty of life beyond the grave.

Samar is one of the large islands of the Philippines group, lying west
of the archipelago between Mindanao and Luzon. Catabalogan, on the
western slope, is the chief town and capital. Along the coast there is
considerable cultivation, but the balance of the island is
mountainous, rugged, and sharp, with high precipitous declivities,
rocky defiles, and deep gullies, surrounding and entangling which are
dense jungles almost impenetrable; such were the haunts of the savage
bolo-men, who, like the “Fuzzy Wuzzy” of Kipling, were sociable but
full of fight.

An order issued by General Smith read as follows: “All soldiers on the
islands of Samar and Leyte must be armed at all times, arise an hour
before daybreak and stand under arms till breakfast; any officer whose
men shall be surprised through disobedience of these orders will be
punished as a court-martial may direct. Scouting parties must be kept
up incessantly, crops destroyed, villages burned, and smugglers
killed; the enemy must be made to feel, as General Sherman said, that
‘War is hell.’”

A paragraph from the general’s congratulations on the success of the
expedition read: “Success by barefooted Americans began at Valley
Forge, and I am proud to know that the same indomitable spirit which
won in spite of obstacles, over one hundred years ago, has shown
itself in Samar.”

A fleet of small gun-boats captured from the Spanish had been doing
yeoman service around Samar, in cutting off supplies to Lukban’s
forces from the other islands. They had destroyed hundreds of barotes
and burned numerous villages. In fact the Island of Samar was
completely blockaded, with the exception of the narrow strip of the
Gandarra Straits separating the island from Leyte. A spy in the habit
of a friar arrived on the vessel in the darkness of the night, with
the information that banco after banco loaded with rice was being
smuggled across the straits. Volunteers were called for, to ascend
this small channel in a steam-launch. Having volunteered for this
special duty, we set to work at once, our complement consisting of
four midshipmen, four marines, and four sailors. Stripping the canopy
off the steam-launch, two one-pounders were mounted fore and aft,
while a Colt automatic resting on a tripod occupied the centre of the
boat. Each man carried, besides his rifle and revolver, a belt
containing three hundred rounds of ammunition and an extra bandoleer.

About midnight, with fires secured, we shoved off under cover of
darkness for the entrance to the channel. On reaching it we could see,
in the distance along its shores, a fire dimly burning; steaming
quietly through the stream, closely hugging the shore, about two miles
had been covered from the ship, when a cumbersome object was seen
drifting across the straits. “Ah! a banco,” was whispered, as if
uttered by the voice of a buccaneer. The midshipman in command
immediately trained the forward one-pounder as near the water line of
the “smuggler” as could be discerned through the gloom. As the
coxswain swung the launch to a port side position in a shallow eddy,
the aft one-pounder and Colt automatic were trained for operation.

Each man crouched close to the gunwale as the order to halt was given
by the “middy” at the forward gun. This command was replied to by a
shot, momentarily followed by a whizzing fusillade of steel-jackets in
dangerous proximity, several penetrating the smoke-funnel. As the low
bang of the one-pounders rang through the midnight, the sweeping
rattle of the Colt automatic played its deadly missiles like
rain-drops on a tin roof. Unearthly yells arose from the surface of
the straits, as the banco was seen to sink. At this juncture a volley
rang out from the opposite shore; turning the Colt in the direction
where the flash of the guns could be seen, the beach was swept and
jungle riddled, silencing the guns of the enemy. While rescuing a
native who in the agony of fear and bewilderment was drowning near the
launch, several shots were fired from the jungle on our side of the
stream. It being impossible to train the Colt from the position we
held, we waded to the beach, where, creeping to an opening in the
jungle, we pumped volley after volley with our “Krags” into the
surrounding wilderness. As the moon broke through the clouds, the
silhouette of a group of natives could be seen prowling on the
opposite shore some distance up the straits. Having accomplished our
mission, we returned to the ship with a live specimen of the spoils,
who for safe keeping was confined to a cell in the “brig.” Next
morning the savage was loath to talk until, after a breakfast of cold
salmon, he told us that the banco contained eight natives, of whom he
was the sole survivor, that their cargo consisted of rice consigned to
Lukban’s forces in Samar. A detail escorted the prisoner ashore, where
he was turned over to the army. The following day the small gun-boat
_Garduqui_, of the “mosquito fleet,” was ordered into the channel,
sounding her way clear through the straits. The natives were hemmed in
on all sides and reports of smuggling ceased.

Near Balayán, as a member of a landing party that stormed and burned a
number of villages, I secured a unique relic, in the shape of a
Spanish trumpet that had served some hidalgo in the days of the

Every day brought news to the cruiser of the excellent work of the
soldiers and marines. In carrying out the orders of Generals Smith and
Hughes, the boys were sweeping everything before them, driving the
murderous natives to either death or surrender. Victor, who had led
the assault in the slaughter of the Ninth Infantry, had fallen victims
to the marines, and the splendid culmination to a successful campaign
was the surrender of twelve hundred bolo-men with their various
implements of warfare.

After swearing allegiance to the United States, these savage jungle
warriors were allowed their freedom.

The island having been pacified, a number of the troops were recalled,
though the blockade was continued by the _Vicksburg_, _Nashville_, and
the small gun-boats of the mosquito fleet.

The flag-ship _New York_, having completed her mission in the Samar
campaign, steamed back to Luzon, where a fortnight was spent in Manila
Bay ere she steamed out, under an azure sky, to the shores of fair

   Back to the land of the “Rising Sun”
     Where the blood-red poppies grow,
   To the minarets of the Inland Sea
     And the “geishas” of Tokio.


     This being merely a narrative of that part of the Samar
     campaign that fell under my personal observation, without
     any pretence to an elaboration or an historical account, I
     desire to say that it would be doing a great injustice to
     the gallant battalion of marines, conveyed by the flag-ship
     _New York_ to the scenes of the depredations of the
     treacherous natives, were I not to inform the reader that,
     in order to portray in detail the hardships endured by the
     men of Major Waller’s command, it would be necessary to have
     a more comprehensive knowledge of the data, and a very keen
     ability, in order to expedite the union of the composite
     stages of this diversified expedition: of the harassing and
     almost incredible obstacles countered; the personal courage,
     determination, and zeal, each step treading its own dangers;
     the attack upon the overwhelming force of insurgents in the
     cliffs along the Sojoton River, where it was necessary to
     elevate the three-inch field-pieces till they were almost
     vertical, the cliffs being nearly two hundred feet high, and
     well-nigh impregnable; the attempts at scaling these cliffs
     by means of bamboo ladders; the various engagements in which
     innumerable insurgents and many Americans were killed; the
     travel of hundreds of miles through jungle wilderness, by
     the half-starved, bare-footed marines; the burning of one
     hundred and sixty-five shacks _en route_ to Liruan, where
     death lurked in concealed spear-pits; the terrible execution
     of the Colt automatics; the revolt of the native help, their
     execution, and the sensational court-martial that followed,
     attended by the honorable exoneration of the defendants, et
     cetera; of the admirable work of the army, and fourth
     company of Macabebe scouts, and numerous side-lights on this
     novel campaign of warfare, that would tax the fertile brain
     of the experienced author in their portrayal.


  The Cowboy Soldier, a Coincidence

  Departure for New Orleans――Arrival at the Capital――The
    Soldiers――Peach Tree Street, Atlanta――Christening of the
    “Peace-togs”――New Orleans――The Levee――Creoles――The Race-track――A
    Quadroon-ball――The Farandole and La Bourree――Madame La Bouchere,
    Goddess of Sorcery――The Mardi Gras――The Plaza de Goiti,
    Manila――The Coincidence.

One crisp wintry afternoon late in the month of January, 1899, having
bade adieu to a party of boon companions at a little railway station
in the Blue Ridge mountains of Pennsylvania, I ensconced myself on the
cushions of the smoking-compartment of the Black Diamond Express, lit
a cigar, and ran through the pages of a popular magazine, possessed
with a feeling of satisfaction that my destination, New Orleans, lay
under the warmth of Southern skies, free from the bleak winds of the
North, and with that suavity manifest in a person whose most arduous
responsibilities are those of pleasure seeking and curious notions.

Though having touched both Florida and Texas, I had never been as far
south as the crescent city at the mouth of the Mississippi, so that on
this trip it was my object to appease an insatiable desire by
thoroughly acquainting myself with the natural and historical charms
of this quaint old Southern city, and particularly witness the
festivities of the Mardi Gras.

In picturing New Orleans in phantasm, I had always had a conception of
a beautiful city of Spanish architecture, dotted with churches and
cathedrals whose chimes pealed sweetly overhead, and along whose
flagstone streets the beautiful Creole belles vied in angelic accord
with their more dusky sisters, the quadroons; darkies rolling cotton
bales on the levee, their negro melodies interspersed with the deep
sonorous steam-boat whistles on the wide-spreading river; haunts of
the vendetta and the mafia; southern homes shaded by palmetto, whose
confines exhaled in fragrant quintessence the aroma of magnolia; dusky
“Dinahs” in red bandannas picking cotton, as the old negroes thrummed
the banjoes near the cabin where the pickaninnies played around the
door. These were my early impressions of the gulf-cities of
“Dixie-land,” and how many are there who have seen the dramatization
of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” or read George W.
Cable’s stories of the Creoles of Louisiana, who have not pictured
just such scenes as these?

On my arrival at Washington, D. C., the sun shone bright in southern
warmth, in combative contrast to the bleak sweeping winds of the
north, and, having ample time in which to reach New Orleans before the
beginning of the Mardi Gras season (St. Valentine’s Day), I decided to
see some of the points of interest overlooked on previous visits to
the capital. One in particular was the trip to the tomb of General
Washington, at Mount Vernon, a short but very beautiful ride by
steam-boat on the Potomac River.

During this period two weighty questions were being handled by the
silver-tongued orators of the Senate,――namely, the ratification of the
peace treaty and the retention of the Philippine Islands. For three
days I attended this session of Congress to hear the elucidating
arguments on these subjects, as propounded by Senators Foraker, Hoar,
Tillman and Vest, who seemed to handle in arbitrary opposition the
burden of the questions. These debates were exceedingly interesting,
the eloquent orators at times becoming so animated as to cast
parliamentary rules asunder, and occasionally requiring the necessity
of being rapped to order by the Speaker of the House.

After spending several pleasant days in Washington, I journeyed to the
Pennsylvania Railroad station to catch my train on the “Sea-board Air
Line” for the city of Atlanta. While having my ticket validated for
berth reservation, a very military-looking soldier appeared at the
window of the ticket-office and made inquiries regarding a train for
Atlanta, Georgia. Having been recently mustered out of the service, I
sought to learn the fellow’s regiment; addressing him interrogatively,
I was informed that he had enlisted in Philadelphia, and was _en
route_ to Fort McPherson, Georgia, to join the Third United States
Cavalry. Although the fellow appeared very military, he said this was
his first enlistment, but that he had just stepped out of the stirrups
of a saddle in the Indian Territory, where his experience as a cowboy
he related in a most interesting manner. Boarding the train together,
we were ere long engaged in a hand of “seven up,” as the wheels
clipped off the miles at the rate of forty-eight per hour.

At Columbia, South Carolina, the train was boarded by a large number
of soldiers of the Second Tennessee Volunteer Infantry, who had
recently been mustered out with their regiment, and were _en route_ to
their respective destinations. Two sergeants――namely, Clark and
Gautrell, two very agreeable fellows――joined us in a sociable game of
cards. Although they had served in a Tennessee regiment, their homes
were in Georgia. The conversation from this point on was all war talk
and “broncho-busting.” The cavalryman’s interesting anecdotes of
branding and roping cattle, the tedium of the “round-up,” the
vigilance necessary in protecting calves from the howling coyote, the
breaking of horses, and his simple life as a cow-puncher in Oklahoma
and the Indian Territory, were as fascinating as “Pony-tracks” by
Frederick Remington. Before reaching Atlanta he gave me his name,
Harry K. Loomis, and said he hoped to be assigned to Troop “M” of the
Third. I handed him a card with my permanent address, at the same time
wishing him a successful career as a soldier, and hoping the fates
would ordain the continuation of a friendship that had so suddenly and
unexpectedly sprung up between us like a preordained affinity.

Before we had alighted from the train, Gautrell and Clark had decided
to see the Mardi Gras at New Orleans, and it pleased me greatly to
have the company of two such jolly chaps, whose liberation from the
arduous duties of a soldier animated them with a spirit that brooked
no restraint.

On our arrival in the city, we journeyed to a hotel, where, after
washing the cinders from our eyelashes and submitting to a tonsorial
operation, we sat down to a good substantial Southern breakfast.
Following this Loomis bade the party good-by and left to catch his car
for his post of duty. As he left the grotto-like café of the
Poindexter Hotel, Sergeant Gautrell remarked, “There is about as
soldierly a fellow as I ever met.” “Yes,” replied Clark, “and only a
recruit at that.”

The soldiers had some shopping in the line of purchasing an outfit of
“peace-togs,” as the war was over and they desired to get on a footing
with the common herd, as they termed the civil throng; so, promising
to meet the boys that afternoon, I hopped on a Peach Tree street-car
and rode out to the old ground of the “Cotton Exposition,” where I
spent a few hours, including my return, which was footed most of the
way for the purpose of gazing on those beautiful old Southern homes,
with their unfenced lawns extending to the sidewalks, likened unto the
suburban route leading to Willow Grove, Philadelphia, though far in
advance in nature’s loveliness. Old colonial mansions of stained wood
and light-gray stucco――sacred to the tread of the marshals of a lost
cause and the chivalrous knights of antebellum days, whose fortunes
suffered terrible wreck and ruin as the Yankees went marching through
Georgia――dot the large and splendid thoroughfare for miles on either
side of the long rows of sombre maples; broad piazzas, once handsome,
now grown picturesque, draped by the clinging myrtles and jessamines
that shed their bright petals in the sunlight; orange-blossoms in
drooping sympathy with the indifferent but ever-beautiful magnolia in
brilliant contrast, dispelling all doubt as to the ancestral
aristocracy of these manorial mansions.

It is not at all difficult to reconstruct in one’s memory the past
joyful scenes of these quaint and lovely homes, under whose eaves
avowals bound by the ties of love have been softly whispered; refusals
sometimes spoken, fidelity having previously been pledged; where no
heed was paid to false news clandestinely carried from schools for
scandal; where coquetry was at a minimum; where lies no doubt were
sometimes nourished by the organs of deceit, and where passion yielded
to the tempter only in platonic affection under the twig of the
mistletoe. Such were the chivalrous thoroughbred characteristics of
these people to the manner born.

If the reader who has never journeyed along the quaint old Peach Tree
street of Atlanta, Georgia, can imaginatively depict the moonlight
scene of Julia Marlowe in “Barbara Frietchie,” he will have a monomial
fac-simile of these old-time Southern homes.

Returning to the bright stimulating thoroughfare fronting the
Poindexter Hotel, I alighted from my car and entered the café, where I
learned that the soldiers had not yet returned. After visiting various
places of interest, including the Confederate museum, I returned to
the hotel and wrote letters until about 4 o’clock, when the boys
launched on the scene in brand-new spick and span attire, everything
completely modern. They had made inquiries about the train for New
Orleans, which was scheduled to leave Atlanta at 12.02 midnight, over
the “Sunset” route, giving us ample time to attend the theatre. Clark
proposed a christening of the “togs”; this suggestion was emphasized
and perfunctorily executed with libations of mint-julep. After making
reservations for the “sleepers,” we purchased tickets for the
“Primrose and West” minstrels. Gautrell said he felt like a new clock
after shedding his “war-clothes,” and proposed an augmentation to the
christening; entering a “grill,” the order was soon taken and filled
to the connoisseurship of the “Kentucky colonel.”

After a few rounds of this delicious Southern beverage, we repaired to
the Poindexter, checked our baggage through to New Orleans, and dined
sumptuously on teal and water-cress. As the coffee and cigarettes were
being served, a trombone “rag” burst forth from the minstrel band near
the entrance to the theatre; as the last notes of this died away, we
hastened to the parquet, arriving in time for the grand opening scene.
Having enjoyed the show, our grips were collected at the hotel, and a
short walk to the station found us in ample time for the train. As the
Pullman vestibule sleepers rolled in, we were not long in getting
aboard and having the porter arrange the berths for a night of restful

The trip by rail through the Gulf States was enlivened on either side
by scenery of commanding excellence. Cards were played, and the dusky
porter was playfully bullied to the delight of the news-butcher who
seemed to dote on the porter’s repartee. The most important cities our
trip included were Birmingham, Montgomery, and Mobile. After crossing
Lake Pontchartrain, I observed, from the dining-car window, the
crescent-shaped site of our destination. On the arrival at the station
near the levee, my eyes immediately feasted on what had previously
been a dream: Negroes humming a medley as they rolled the huge cotton
bales along the levee and aboard the Mississippi steam-boats; a
happy-go-lucky bunch of darkies whose hard work commands a
compensation of two bits per hour. Gautrell and Clark, being from
Georgia, smiled at the interest I took in this scene. Strolling along
Canal Street, we switched to the left at the Clay monument and entered
St. Charles Street, where after a walk of two blocks we entered the
magnificent St. Charles Hotel. “Everything taken, gentlemen,” was the
clerk’s pert response to our request for accommodations. “The Mardi
Gras season,” he said, “in the city of _Nawrleans_ is one lawg week
fo’ the hotels, and without makine reservations in advance, the
chances fo’ accommodations is a foa cod draw.” He, however, directed
us to a splendid place, in fact preferable to the hotel, a small row
of flats on Carondelet Street, with modern conveniences and near the
heart of the city. Here we engaged rooms, free from the busy whirl and
the bang, jam, smash, of the trunk-line populace.

The city was being profusely arrayed in its holiday attire for the
famous Creole fiesta, the Mardi Gras, which was but three days off.
Large arches were nearing completion, windows were being decorated
with the prettiest designs, while every building, from its gable to
the wainscoting or foundation, presented a striking spectacle with its
flabelliform folds of orange and black drapery.

A splendid trolley system affords an elegant view of the entire city,
every car leaves and returns to the Clay monument on Canal Street;
from these can be seen the beautiful government buildings, colleges,
churches, cathedral, race-course, and the historic city park, on whose
sombre site, in the days before the rebellion, the affairs of honor
were settled with the keen blade of the rapier or flash of the pistol,
the staid old oaks remaining as monuments, but unable to bear
testimony to the duels they sheltered in past generations. Lake
Pontchartrain, a broad expanse of water connecting with the Gulf of
Mexico, is the daily scene in season of fishermen making a haul of the
finny denizens of all species.

Riding out Ursuline Avenue you see, flying over the paddock and
immense grandstand of the world-renowned race-track, the colors of the
Crescent City Jockey Club gently floating in the breeze; the grassy
carpet of the inclosure, encircled by the red-shale turf, around which
the lithe-limbed thoroughbreds dash for the wire in incommunicable
antagony, exerting every fibre as if conscious of the triumph of a
victory. Here may be seen during the winter meet the most noted
race-horses, trainers, jockeys, judges, bookmakers, plungers, touts,
and race-course patronage of the modern turf, some backing the
favorites, while others (experienced handicappers) play the long
shots. After the races, “Farbachers” café on Royal Street, a famous
resort for the turf element, was daily the evening scene of
extravagant gayety, particularly by those patrons whose plunging had
been favored by fortune.

It had occurred to Gautrell, himself of French extraction, that he had
often heard of New Orleans “gumbo” as being a dish _par excellence_;
having sauntered into this famous hostelry, “okra gumbo” for three was
ordered. Unlike “chilli-concarni,” the staff of life of the Mexicans,
“okra gumbo,” though prepared from okra, meats, and vegetables, is
devoid of cayenne pepper flavor. Clark, who had evidently never
sampled “tobasco sauce,” remarked that catsup came in very small
bottles in New Orleans, at the same time drawing the stopper and
pouring the fiery liquid over his “gumbo” like so much
“Worcestershire.” As the tears filled Clark’s eyes, he said, “Fellows,
if this is what you call _par excellence_, go to it, but none of it
for mine,” then, with a mouthful of ice, signalled the waiter.
“Waiter,” he said, “kindly remove this bonfire and bring me a
pineapple-frappée quick.” “Gumbo” was relished by the balance of the
party, but Clark could never be induced to give it another trial.

The pool-rooms of the races along Royal Street are attractive halls of
amusement; bookmakers screened from the patrons as the clerks of a
bank; blackboards, on which appear the names of the horses, jockeys,
weight carried, odds, and pedigrees, decorate the walls, everything
being conducted with the same business decorum and excitement
attending the stock operations of the New York “curb.” The telegraph
ticks off the condition of the weather, the arrival of the horses at
the post, the start, their position at the quarter, the half, the
three-quarters, in the stretch, and under the wire, as a well-trained
voice in the language of the turf calls off the results. Here one may
play the races of any “meet” in the United States, lacking only in the
excitement of seeing the horses dashing for the winning wire.

In the old “French quarter” a few blocks from Royal Street, along
whose time-worn thoroughfare the past generations of “Nawrleans’” most
exclusive Creole society basked in the sunshine of their graceful
gentility, we saw some quaint sights amidst the chattering jargon of
its people, principally among these being a quadroon ball, at which
Creoles predominated, though almost indistinguishable from their
quadroon sisters, whose beauty is their stock in trade, and whose
mellow-toned voices drop the “r” in that quaint characteristic style
of the Southern people. The luxuriousness of their costumes, pomp of
procession, harmony of music, and grace of attitudes, all united in
furnishing a scene of festive splendor.

In close proximity to Jackson Square, near the haunts of the
“Vendetta” beautifully illustrated in the play of “Romeo and Juliet,”
we visited a Creole resort, the interior of which resembled somewhat
the subterrane of “Little Hungary,” the famous Bohemian hostelry of
Houston Street, on New York’s east side. Here, seated on a wine-cask,
a fiddler bowed a “viola,” as the Creoles, in their primitive
originality, and with all the inimitable grace of Loie Fuller in the
“fire-dance,” performed the “Farandole” and the “La Bourree,” their
beautiful bare arms in ornamental bracelets, shading the contortions
of their movements, rising and falling in gesticulating harmony to the
rhythm of the music, as the nymphs of an unexplored grotto. Nearby we
were shown the old slave-market and block from which the auctioneer
bartered his human wares to the highest bidder, their lives invariably
to eventuate in the drudgery of the cotton fields.

Voudooism, which included all the intricacies of the black-art in
prognosticating future events, flourished uninterrupted for years in
New Orleans, until finally eradicated by the hands of authority. This
superstitious form of worship was practised principally by the
negroes, who carried its inheritance with the first trading vessel
from the shores of Africa to the United States. We were told that the
negroes would indulge in the voudoo dances in uncontrollable frenzy,
until, overcome from exhaustion, they would sink to the ground.

Stories are told of the handsome fortune-telling quadroon Madame La
Bouchere, who held her court near the Bayou Saint John, and in whose
sumptuous boudoir the patrons of her art, consisting not only of the
bourgeoisie, but the Creole aristocracy, paid visits incognito to
suffer the enchantments of the “goddess” of this shrine of sorcery. A
landau driven to the door of this cypress-sheltered dwelling, there
hastily alighted therefrom a veiled lady, who, carelessly brushing by
the magnolias, vanished from view. In this green-curtained domicile
the intrigues of forbidden love, deceptions, betrayals, and future
certainties, would all be revealed to the satisfaction of the votary
of this dark-eyed enchantress, without the evil eyes of the
gossip-mongers to feast upon and scatter broadcast. Madame La
Bouchere’s soft voice and alluring smiles have vanished with the
strokes of time; in the slumberous shade of the willow she rests in a
tomb of the old Metaire cemetery, her soul having passed to the realm
beyond this life.

The cemeteries of New Orleans have a particular charm, the bodies
being buried above-ground. In handsome memorial to the Confederate
soldiers, there have been erected gigantic mausoleums, shafts, and
columns, monumentally inscribed to the memory of Louisiana’s departed

Mardi Gras week was ideal in every respect, all the personages of the
characters of comedy blended in their primitive originality;
“Columbine” flirted with “Harlequin,” while “Ajax” defied the
lightning; “Vulcan” shaped harpoons for “Neptune,” and “Falstaff”
drank to the health of “Bacchus.” Mountebanks, clowns, and buffoons
all joined in the revelry of mirth. The street pageant was a
magnificent spectacle; floats garlanded with flowers representing
every State in the Union, trades and professions, were led by Rex, the
king of the carnival, surmounting the “globe,” and the Queen, the most
beautiful Creole lady in New Orleans, riding in a chariot drawn by
sixteen cream-colored horses. The array of the Crescent City Jockey
Club evoked tremendous applause, all the famous jockeys of the track
on favorite mounts participating; “Louisiana Tigers,” and the “Texas
Rangers,” sailors from the United States cruiser _New Orleans_, and
bands of music from all over the State, joined in completing this
gigantic saturnalia, which had, for its gorgeous setting, the Creole
“bal-masque,” where New Orleans’ most exclusive society, costumed in
Parisian elegance, was seen at its best.

The entire week was one round of jollification, at the close of which
my friends Gautrell and Clark left for their homes in Georgia. I
remained in New Orleans for four months, when, cases of “yellow-fever”
having been reported, I concluded to seek a more congenial clime.
Boarding the _Knickerbocker_, of the Cromwell Line, I made a most
delightful cruise through the gulf and along the coast to the city of
New York.

       *     *     *     *     *

Three years having elapsed since my departure from the little railway
station in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Pennsylvania, for New Orleans,
the vicissitudes of destiny found me enjoying the balmy zephyrs and
moonlight evenings of the tropics. My career in the navy had taken me
into every port of importance on the Asiatic station, and my ship, the
_New York_, had recently slipped into the harbor of Manila, and lay
anchored off the break-water. Having gone ashore this particular
afternoon for the purpose of attending the races at Pasay, I had
engaged a “victoria” and with some friends attended the scenes at the
track, called at the “Hefting House” overlooking Manila Bay, had dined
in the old walled city, and driven to the “Lopez” road-house at
Caloocan. The sun had set back of the hills of Olongapo, ere I
discharged the cochero on the Plaza de Goiti and entered the Hotel
Metropole. “Hello, boys,” said old Maulini, the proprietor; “I am glad
to see you, you’re just in time to sample some fresh ice-cold
hoff-brau; it just arrived to-day on the _Kronprince_ from Germany.”
Drawing the rustic hardwood chairs around the square tables, we sat in
the delightful breeze of the electric fans as large fantastic steins
of cool hoff-brau were served.

Through the short swinging screen doors of the café could be seen the
cosmopolitan procession wending its way on business and pleasure; army
and naval officers in “victorias,” Red-Cross nurses natilly attired in
pure white lawn, friars in black habit and broad-brimmed hats,
mestizos of Chinese, Spanish, and French extraction, East Indian,
Malay, and Japanese merchants, and American soldiers, all stalking
along the plaza.

“Tell us a good Dutch story, Maulini,” asked one of the boys, as
another put in, “Ah, Maulini ain’t Dutch; he’s a French
carpet-bagger.” As Maulini was about to take up cudgels in his own
defence, there entered the café a bunch of cavalrymen, among whom I
instantly recognized my old friend Loomis the cowboy. “Great heavens!”
I said, “is this Loomis?” “Well, for the love of the powers that be,
Adams, is it possible this is you?” “Yep,” I replied, “this is the
fellow you taught how to throw a lariat.” “Where have you been the
last three years?” he asked; “the last I heard of you was through
Clark and Gautrell; they called to see me at Fort McPherson, and said
they had left you in good company in New Orleans; never hearing from
you, I had concluded you had cashed in. Come on, fellows, I want you
to meet a friend.” Drawing their chairs around our table, it was an
“O-be-joyful” gathering that swapped stories as the steins of
hoff-brau were replenished. Loomis told the story of our meeting in
Washington and the subsequent journey to Atlanta; of how the Third
Cavalry had been ordered to the front in the Boxer campaign, where
they had seen hard service, at the close of which they were ordered to
the province of Ilocas Norte, in northern Luzon, where the duty was
also very strenuous. Handing me his discharge, I read:


     “_To All Whom It May Concern_:

     “Know ye that Harry K. Loomis, First Sergeant of Troop ‘M,’
     Third United States Cavalry, who was enlisted at
     Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 1st day of February,
     1899, to serve three years, is hereby honorably discharged
     from the Army of the United States by reason of expiration
     of enlistment. Said Harry K. Loomis was born in the city of
     St. Louis, Mo., and when enlisted was 22¾ years of age, by
     occupation a cowboy, had blue eyes, dark brown hair, ruddy
     complexion, 5 feet 11 inches in height.

     “Given under my hand at Division Headquarters, Army of the
     Philippines, Manila, P. I., this 31st day of January, 1902.

                                            “Colonel DODD,
                                      “Commanding Third Cavalry.

     “Character EXCELLENT.
     “No objection to his re-enlistment known to exist.”

On the back of this discharge, in red ink, several lines told of the
meritorious conduct of this soldier, his unflinching bravery in the
face of the enemy in action, his promotion for bravery during the
Chinese campaign, and a recommendation for a “certificate of merit.”
Some time was spent in the exchange of experiences, and it goes
without saying that this event was appropriately celebrated, ending a
very unique coincidence.

Loomis, on the arrival of his transport, returned to the United
States, and at present, besides being a successful ranchman in
Oklahoma, is an intrepid and fearless deputy United States marshal.


  Life Among Hostile Moros in the Jungle of Mindanao

  A Trip to the Sulu Archipelago――New Year’s Eve on Board the
    _Zafiro_――A Royal Bit of a Time in the Cabin of McDonald――Blowing
    the Siren――New Year’s Dinner at 1.00 A.M.――Isabella de
    Basilan――Prang Prang――Dancing Girls of the Nippa Villages――Roasted
    Grasshoppers――Outpost Duty――Nearly Converted to the Darwinian
    Theory――Experience with a Boa Constrictor while Hunting
    Wild-Boar――Rescued from Hostile Moros――Relief of the Outpost.

   Two men were caught in a Moro trap, and the Datto’s guns sang near,
   And one wore an officer’s shoulder-strap, the other a private’s gear;
   One was a black of the Twenty-fourth, and one was a Southern man,
   And both were caught in a dark defile by the line of the Moro clan.

   Oh, wonder it is, and pity it is, that they send the scouts alone
   To die in the silent jungle paths with never a word or groan;
   Wonder it is, and pity it is, but the two stood back to back,
   And never a word between them passed as they waited the first attack.

   What prayers they said they said them low, and to their beating hearts
   That thumped so loud and out of tune; and now the battle starts.
   A ring of flame about them ran; a tongue of fire shot through;
   Then as machines their muscles moved and aimed their rifles true.

   The bullets whined, the wounded shrieked, the rifle bores grew hot;
   But still the two stood back to back, and answered shot for shot.
   And now the Moro fire dies down, and now there comes a hush;
   And white and black, with bayonets fixed, await the bolo rush.

   They heard the Moro chief call out, “Oh, black man, hark to me!
   You give to us the Christian dog and you shall go out free.
   Heed you the call of color and blood――what need we longer fight?
   In color and blood you’re brother to me. Oh, black man, give the

   Now, one was a white of the Southern breed, and cheap he held the
   And little he’d thought, as the two had fought, of the man behind
     his back;
   He loved to live as the white man lives, but the Datto’s words rang
   And he had no doubt, as the chief called out, what the black behind
     would do.

   Two men they stood them back to back, and never a word they said;
   But, face to face with an easy death, what thoughts were in each
  “You go,” the white man spoke at last; “for you owe naught to me;
   You go; for I can die alone, that you may go out free;

  “You go; it seems your time has come to draw the color line;
   You and your breed owe naught to me, nor certainly to mine.
   I’ll go to death as my fathers went”――between his cold set lips――
  “My fathers who used to use your kind for trade――and poker-chips.”

   One was a black of the Twenty-fourth, and his face was washed with
   And his breath came quick, and his bowels were sick, as he thought
     of the knife-blades near.
   Then steady his hand swung to his belt, and back to the bolt again,
   And he loaded and fired, as a well-drilled man, and counted his dead
     to ten.

   And, “Man,” he said, “in ole Kaintuck a mammy she prays foh me;
   An’ Ah laks to lib lak yo’ laks to lib, but ouah end it am plain to
   Ouah colah an’ blood it ain’t de same, but we sets to de same old
   An’ if we diffah in skin an’ blood, w’y, we pass dat up to de Lawd.

  “Ouah colah an’ blood it ain’t de same, but de flag dat covahs us bofe――
   It nevah has changed on de colah line, an’ dey didn’t colah ouah oafe;
   Yo’ go yo’ route to de gates o’ Gawd an’ I shell trabel mine――
   An’ we shell see, when we reach His knee, how He’s drawin’ de colah

  “Doan’ fink Ah’m fightin’ foh de lub o’ yo’ or de breed that yo’ laks
     to brag――
   Ah’m fightin’ foh mammy in ole Kaintuck, an’ lub o’ mah kentry’s
   Yo’ watch dem niggahs along yo’ front, an’ Ah’ll attend to mine,
   An’ we’ll go up to de Gates o’ Gawd to settle de colah line.”

   Two men they stood them back to back, and the white man called to
     the chief:
  “He’s answered the call of the color line, and his answer will bring
     you grief.
   We don’t declare as brothers-in-blood, or the burden of friendship
   But we do unite on a color line, and our color’s our country’s flag.”

   Two men lay dead in the jungle path, and their faces stared at the
   And out in the bush on each man’s front the Moros were piled waist
   And when the warriors they went in to mutilate the dead.
   They found them lying back to back, but white and black were red!

  “How strange it is,” the chief he cried, “these men should together
   They did not love each other’s kind――in blood they differed so.
   For one was black and one was white, and yet they chose to die
   Because they served a single flag; in honor they shall lie.

  “What gods they worshipped I know not――what gods I do not care――
   They fought me well, and for their flag, and they shall have a
   For be he white, or be he black, his flag be what it may――
   All honor to him who dies for that――my men, kneel down and pray.”

   Two mounds they stand in a jungle path; they buried them back to
   And the wondering Moros tell the tale of the white man and the
   Oh, the warlike Moros pass that way to kneel in silent prayer,
   And ask their gods for the spirit of the men they buried there!

The Island of Mindanao, which lies about six hundred miles south of
Manila, bordering on the Sulu Archipelago, was highly esteemed by
marines in 1903 as an ideal place to soldier, notwithstanding the fact
that the natives were extremely hostile, and it was of common
occurrence to hear of a sentry being treacherously boloed or speared
while walking his post in the jungle.

Having yearned for active service for several weeks while stationed at
Fort San Philippi, Cavite, the spell of anxiety was broken one day
when orders were received detailing three marines to proceed by the
first available transportation to Prang Prang, Mindanao, to replace
those who had suffered the fate of many other soldiers and marines at
the hands of the barbarous natives. Having made application for this
post in Mindanao, I received orders to report on board the _Zafiro_,
one of Admiral Dewey’s old colliers at the battle of Manila Bay.

On reporting to the executive officer of the vessel, I was assigned to
quarters, and, after unbuckling my accoutrements and placing them
safely away, I met Corporal Bates and Drummer Vogt, from another
company, who were also detailed on a southern trip,――Bates to Isabella
de Basilan, a post on the Island of Basilan, and Vogt to the post
where I was bound for.

It was New Year’s eve, December 31, 1902, and, as the ship was under
orders to sail at 9 P.M., we decided to hurry ashore, purchase a
basket of edibles, drinkables, cigars, and playing cards, that we
might see the old year out and the new year in, in true military
fashion. Jumping into a launch we were taken ashore, and, after laying
in a supply, hastened back to the ship.

Having returned on board this historic old collier, which had been
converted into a supply-ship manned by a Chinese crew, we reported to
the “skipper” who was responsible for our safe delivery at the
destinations designated in our orders.

The chief engineer, McDonald, a typical Scotch-Highlander, whose
birthplace was in Ayr, Scotland, but who had lived most of his life in
Australia, was glad to have company this New Year’s eve and greeted us
with that fervor so characteristic of his race. We were introduced to
First Mate Meigs and Quartermaster Nolan. Meigs had held a
lieutenant’s commission in the Brazilian navy during the revolution,
while Nolan had served under General Kitchener in the Soudan.

The Chinese crew of the _Zafiro_ were thorough sailors to a man, from
the “chink” who handled the wheel down to the fellows who passed the

At two bells (9 o’clock) anchors were weighed, and the splash of the
propellers made it evident that we were under way. Chinese could be
seen at their various posts of duty, in that semi-unconscious custom
so perceptible in this class of people, whether steering a craft or
ironing the bosom of a shirt.

As the ship passed through the Mona Chica, the gateway between the
China Sea and Manila Bay, we could see, off to starboard, the lights
on Corregidor Island, which faded from view as our vessel steamed into
the darkness of the China Sea.

As the ship cruised along the coast of Luzon, Chinese off duty could
be seen engaged in playing Fan Tan, some pleating their cues, while
others stored away potions of chop-suey.

In the cabin of McDonald, Vogt picked a banjo, while Bates and myself
sang songs such as, “There’s a red light on the track for boozer
Brown” and “Oh, Mona, you shall be free.” Stories of adventure were
told by Meigs and Nolan, and Chief McDonald recited poem after poem of
the great poet Burns.

On the dawn of the new year 1903, the siren was blown, and the bell
struck 19 and 3, after which the entire contingent surrounded a table
laden with turkey and all the accessories of a new year’s dinner,
including Scotch high-balls and Manila cigars, and a more enjoyable
new year’s dinner or breakfast I never expect to experience. The songs
varied from the “Bonnie, Bonnie Banks of Loch Lomond” to “The Wearing
of the Green,” interspersed with stories of love, war, and adventure,
and I doubt if we marines could have been entertained with more
satisfaction in the most exclusive suite of the _Lusitania_ than we
were this night in the cabin of McDonald on the _Zafiro_.

After cruising for two days along the verdant shore of Luzon, we
entered the picturesque harbor of Isabella de Basilan, a Filipino
village situated along the water’s edge surrounded by banana and
cocoanut groves. Quaint-looking fishermen, adepts at throwing the
seine, were scattered over the bay, while a motley crowd of native
women were engaged in pounding calico with smooth stones, their mode
of cleansing.

Barracks on the edge of the town contained a company of marines; among
these I found a number of whom I knew. After unloading provisions and
other stores, and leaving Corporal Bates behind, our ship steamed on
her voyage to Polloc, the name of the village where the garrison was
located. Having a cargo of freight on board for Zamboanga, the capital
of Mindanao, we touched this harbor just long enough to dispose of it,
and continued our cruise, steaming south along a mountainous range
studded with extinct volcanoes, and ere long had moored to the wharf
at Polloc in the bay of Prang Prang. Here we were met by seventy
marines, all anxious to hear the news from the outside world, as mail
was received here but twice a month.

Although isolated, Polloc was an ideal post, a health-giving resort
with excellent water and trees teeming with tropical fruit. Game, such
as wild boar, deer, and wild cattle, roamed at will throughout the
island. The Moros of this island kept “Uncle Sam’s” soldiers guessing
for several years, until finally subdued through the efforts of
General Wood. Unlike the Filipino, the Moro is a brave warrior,
preferring the open to jungle fighting. The Moros handle the spear,
barong, and kreese with great skill, and, when not engaged in a game
of monte, may be seen practising with these weapons of warfare.

The nights in this island of the Celebes Sea commence immediately at
sundown, there being no twilight; a calm serenity pervades the barrios
after the shades of night have fallen, when natives gather under the
drooping palms surrounding the nippa-shacks, around which the graceful
coils of smoke ascend from a smudge kept burning to check the advance
of the ever-annoying mosquito. Here, to the accompaniment of harp and
guitar, the Filipino inhabitants (for there are many of these in
Mindanao) sing quaint songs in the Tagalog or Visayan tongue. Dancing
girls, bearing such names as Oleano, Agripina, Donaziti, and Juana,
perform the “Fandango” with bewitching contortions, gracefully tapping
a tambourine and snapping the castanets to the music of the “La
Paloma.” The village is dimly lighted by cocoanut oil, kerosene being
a rarity in this section of the world. At such places we marines off
duty gathered nightly, where, over a bottle of dulce tinto and box of
alhambras, we spun yarns of our adventures, occasionally joining the
señoritas in their late carousals, to the delight of the friendly
Moros who inhabited the village.

The Moros had become quite hostile in the Lake region, and a battle
had been fought near what is now Camp Vicars on Lake Lanao, with dire
results to the enemy; this had exercised every native warrior on the
island to such an extent that it became necessary for the marines to
re-establish an outpost overlooking the bay and the Amadao Valley.
Having volunteered for this particular duty, we were ordered (one
sergeant, two corporals, and ten privates) to pack everything of
necessity pertaining to field-service on ponies and proceed to our

With a string of pack ponies, two Colt automatic and one machine gun,
we set out for the site of the outpost amid deafening cheers from the
garrison. We reached the knoll of a hill, a splendid point of vantage,
seven miles distant from the town, from which we could view the entire
surrounding country; here stood an old Spanish blockhouse, from which
we flew “Old Glory,” and, after policing the ground, pitched tents,
mounted the guns, posted a sentry, and were ready for action. The
following day we were connected by telephone with the garrison and had
cut the underbrush away from the knoll of the hill on which we were

The only break in the monotony of several months of this life would
occur when a detail, sent into the garrison for rations, would return,
bringing us mail from the outside world and news from the company in

Game abounded plentifully in this section of the island, and at night
the weird grunt of a wild boar and the bark of a deer could be heard
in the near-by jungle. Large vampires, darting overhead like phantom
aeroplanes, were numerous here as in other islands of the Philippines.

Moros approaching the outpost were compelled to leave their side-arms
in the jungle. Quite a number desired to be friendly with the
Americans; these were traders. They would bring in chickens, eggs,
fruit, wild-fowl, venison, fish, roasted grasshoppers, and tuber. Eggs
containing chickens, as in other parts of Mindanao and northern Luzon,
were more valuable than fresh eggs. Tuber is a native beverage taken
from the cocoanut tree, and has all the exhilarating effects of “Dry

Thousands of monkeys infested the jungle surrounding the camp. On one
occasion while returning from a boar hunt, something happened which
nearly converted me to the Darwinian theory. Near the edge of a coffee
plantation I spied a number of monkeys in a mango tree; raising my
rifle I fired, dropping a monkey. The animal, merely wounded, came
running toward me, bleeding from the chest and uttering a pitiful cry,
then, leaning against a tree, placed its hands over the wound and,
with a most pitiful and appealing expression, gazed up at me in
tearful agony, as much as to say, “What the devil did I do to you?” I
ended its suffering, and resolved never to shoot another monkey.

While hunting wild-boar in company with Weismantle, a member of the
detachment, we had come across a “wallow” in a ravine near the Rio
Grande River. Weismantle, being an experienced huntsman, could tell
that the “wallow” had recently been frequented by hogs; he said, “You
take a position about forty feet on one side of the ravine, and I’ll
be on the opposite side; sit perfectly quiet, don’t even smoke, as the
boar is sure to return.” Following his directions to the letter, I
sought the shade of a large grape-fruit tree, where, seated on a log
with a bramble-bush blind, I awaited the arrival of the game.

In deep meditation I had sat with my rifle cocked for perhaps forty
minutes, eagerly awaiting the shadow of a pig, and was beginning to
get restless, when hark! a dull thud on the ground attracted my
attention to a guava tree near by, where I saw, hanging from and
partly wrapped around a low limb, an immense boa constrictor. For a
moment I was hypnotized; the snake’s head was hidden by the
underbrush, and in fact it was impossible to see either end of the
monster; I could merely see the coils wrapped around the limb and
hanging from the tree. To say that the sight of a boa constrictor
excited horror in my mind is putting it mildly, for, being unable to
see its head, it would have been folly to shoot with a rifle;
furthermore, I imagined I was in a den of these powerful
life-crushers; every moment I expected to feel myself enwrapped in the
monster’s coils, and for this emergency I had drawn my knife. Another
twist of this snake, and I was hitting the high places only; I leaped
through the tall grass like an Igorrote head-hunter, and now, to add
to my mental discomfiture, I ran on to a wild-boar, which gave a most
unearthly squeal; this, followed by the report of Weismantle’s rifle,
made it seem as though all the demons of hell had been turned loose.
After regaining my composure, I tracked the boar by drops of blood for
several hundred yards, where we found it in time to bleed it properly.
When I told the marine the experience I had had, he wanted to return,
but I refused to point in the direction, so the trip was postponed.
After tying the feet of our game together, we cut a long bamboo pole,
on which we packed it into the outpost, where it was roasted on a

Chess, pinocle, whist, and poker were popular games in the camp, as
they are in all quarters of the army and navy, and in this way many
pleasant hours were spent when off duty.

The migration of locusts on the Island of Mindanao is a novel sight;
approaching in the distance, they appear like a large black cloud, the
forerunner of a tornado; millions upon millions of these jumping
insects, totally eclipsing the sun, continue on their flight for
hours, leaving leafless trees and devastated fields in the train of
their route.

A great character at the outpost was Corporal Jim Iddles, a Scotchman,
and a great friend of mine. Jim had a keen appetite for tuber, and,
growing weary of the simple life, approached me one morning with the
suggestion that we take a hike to a near-by “barrio” in quest of some
native sangaree. The nearest barrio was Mongahon, seven miles distant,
so, slipping on our belts, with six-shooters and rifles, we hit the
trail over the mountains, informing Sergeant McKenzie, who was in
charge of the outpost, that we were going a short distance in the
jungle to shoot a deer.

On our arrival at Mongahon, we found the village deserted, with no
natives to climb the cocoanut trees, and, as tuber is tapped at the
top of the tree, we were out of luck, as an American cannot climb
these trees owing to the millions of red ants that infest them. The
nearest village from this point was Amadao, in the Amadao Valley, on
the Rio Grande River eight miles distant. At this juncture it was
decided to toss a coin, head for Amadao, tail for the outpost. As the
coin was tossed on the “heads I win, tails you lose” system, it was
not long before we were beating the trail, with the valley of the Rio
Grande for our destination. The tribes in this section of the island
had been very hostile, and a battle had been waged near Amadao some
months previous; but, as we had been dealing with traders from this
valley, we decided to keep on the alert until we found these, whom we
knew would represent us as being amigo Americanos.

As we drew near the “barrio,” we noticed Moros here and there
withdrawing from the fields toward their casas or shacks, evidently
apprehensive of impending danger, as a Moro, on seeing two or three
soldiers within their territory, infers at once that they are an
advance guard of a larger body. Many Moros, in addition to their own
lingo, speak a mixture of Spanish and Visayan, so that with this help
we were able to trace our traders. Resting at a shack in a large
cocoanut grove while an apparently friendly native went in search for
a trader, we were soon greeted by old “Montone,” a native warrior, but
friendly to the Americans. Montone had a complexion as black as the
ace of spades, and was reputed to have been a formidable pirate in his
palmy days, operating along the coast of the Celebes Sea. He bore
evidence of this reputation by the valuable ornaments he possessed; on
his wrist he wore a jade bracelet, above each elbow a bracelet of
solid gold, while two massive rings hung from his ears; his kreese was
priceless, containing pearls and other precious gems, the blade being
inlaid with gold, while surmounting the hilt was a solid gold helmet.
Besides, he was tattooed from his shoulders to his wrists; truly he
was “the king of the cocoanut grove,” and, while not a “Datto,” had
all the authority and appearance of one.

Montone at once sent a native for a stick of tuber (a bamboo cylinder
holding three quarts). Tuber is a cool tropical beverage, the sap of
the cocoanut tree, which can only be drawn by tapping the top of the
tree. It has a sharp sweet taste and, like champagne, its effects are
lasting. After finishing the first order we sent for more. I believe
we were on the fourth order when the Scotchman endeavored to entertain
an imaginary audience, and the last I remember of him before a
profound slumber claimed me, he was standing on a stone pile singing,
“Green grow the rushes O, Green grow the rushes O,” et cetera, to an
imaginary audience of about twenty thousand, it seemed to me.

Dawn was breaking when I awoke, I knew not where; my first thought was
of my six-shooter; it was gone; my rifle, belt, and ammunition were
gone, and several moments were spent in conjecture as to the reality
of my personal existence. I tried to think, but all seemed blank; I
had reached the abysm of oblivion, when I recalled that last song of
my partner Jim, the tuber, and alas! the sequence mysteriously puzzled
my brain. Had I been sleeping like Rip Van Winkle in the Catskills? or
was it the hallucination of a dream, that would vanish with the
awakening? I was soaking wet. Quietly crawling to an aperture through
which the rays of a moon-beam shone, I discovered that I was in a
nippa-shack on the brink of a ravine. Suddenly I heard deep breathing.
Quietly tiptoeing in the direction of the sound, I saw in another
compartment several natives scattered about in peaceful slumber.
Satisfying myself that they were Filipinos and not Moros, I awakened
one of the men, who arose, exclaiming, “Ah! amigo Americano, mucho
bueno grande hombre.” Fortunately, this Filipino was a friendly native
who had formerly been employed by the provost in the town of Polloc.

He informed me that he was _en route_ from Cota Bato (a small shipping
port), where he had taken a shipment of hemp, and, passing through the
village of Amadao, had seen me in the company of hostile Moros, and
had invited me to ride on the back of his caribou to his casa. In
fording the Rio Grande River, the animal had stumbled, throwing us
into the stream, and this accounted for the wet condition I was in.

On making inquiries about my rifle, the native went to the adjoining
room, returning with my six-shooter, rifle, and belt. Both weapons I
had made useless by taking the drum and pin from the revolver and the
bolt from the rifle, a custom a soldier is taught early in his
military career, for cases of emergency.

When I inquired about my partner Jim, the Filipino said that I was the
only white man he had seen in the valley, but that, at about midnight,
he had heard rifle volleys in various directions. Here I concluded
that the garrison had been turned out in quest of the two missing
marines, and the shots had been fired with the hope of getting an

By this time the other members of the household had awakened, and,
after being served with hot black coffee, I was directed to follow the
trail along the Rio Grande River, which led through tall grass and

As I hiked along the lonely trail, my thoughts were centred on my
friend Jim Iddles. I could imagine his lifeless form lying cold in
abhorrent demise, and conjectured how if alive we were to escape the
punishment of a general court-martial. After many miles of tiresome
travel, I was hailed from a branch trail by a friendly Moro, a dwarf
of the mountains, whose abode was in the village of Panay and who
frequently visited the outpost, selling produce and game. This
diminutive spirit of the forest, who reminded me of the elves in
Irving’s Rip Van Winkle, aimed straight for me, cutting his way
through the jungle with his kreese. He greeted me with the customary
“Amigo Americano,” and informed me that he had been sent out in search
of me by the commanding officer of marines at Polloc. Leading the way,
I followed him in single file along the trail through banana groves
and jungle where parrots and monkeys were numerous. After a weary
hike, I spied “Old Glory” waving in the breeze from the old Spanish
blockhouse at the outpost; as we drew near, I could see the soldiers
gazing intently in my direction; the sentry had spied us and aroused
the camp. After a cheer and a hearty handshake from the boys, my
mental agitation was relieved when informed that Iddles had been found
in Amadao about midnight, by a detachment that had been sent out from
the garrison.

Iddles was found asleep in a Moro shack, in front of which patrolled a
Moro sentry carrying Jim’s rifle, belt, and six-shooter.

After relating part of my adventure to the boys, the garrison was
informed of my safety, and in a few hours the commandant and captain
of marines were on the scene to ascertain the facts connected with our
absence. Meanwhile both Jim and myself, looking the worse for wear,
policed ourselves to a high degree of soldierly immaculateness, and
after a confab it was decided that I should act as spokesman on the
arrival of the officers.

The story we framed was this: that, having followed the bark of a deer
for a considerable distance in the jungle, we lost our bearings (“lost
our bearings” was good!), and, differing in opinion as to the
direction of the camp, we were each directed by the influence of our
respective opinions, resulting in both getting lost. The circumstances
in connection with the finding of James had been withheld from the
officers; while my experience had been only partly related to the men,
they having heard that I departed from the valley mounted on a caribou
driven by a Filipino.

When confronted by the officers, I told the tale of our adventure: of
our having followed the bark of a deer leading us into a labyrinth of
perplexity (as dears sometimes do!), of our difference in opinion, the
friendly attitude of the Moros, and the kindness of a Filipino in
conducting me to his casa, where I was provided with quarters for the
night. Iddles corroborated my story as far as it related to himself,
and dwelt particularly on the friendliness of the Moros of the Amadao
Valley. After asking various questions in cross examination, the
captain said, “Well, men, I am glad to see you alive; your adventure
has been of some profit.” Then, turning to Sergeant McKenzie, he said,
“If two of our men can go into the jungle as these men did, mingling
in friendship with the natives without being molested, I can see no
necessity of continuing the outpost; stand relieved, break camp, and
return to the garrison.”

There was no court-martial, scarcely a reprimand, and the soldiers of
the outpost tendered Jim and me a vote of thanks for the hand we
played in getting them back to the comforts of the barracks.

It is a singular fact that a few months later, on the renewal of
hostilities in the Lake region, a band of Moros of the Amadao Valley,
under the leadership of a noted “Datto,” offered their services to the
commanding officer at Polloc. Like the American Indians, the Moros are
divided into tribes, among whom for ages past there has been strife or
contention for superiority.

Our two years having expired in foreign service, the detachment was
ordered to Olongapo to join the homeward-bound battalion. Shortly
after this we bade adieu to Moroland and swung out of the bay of Prang
Prang _en route_ to the Island of Luzon.


  A Midnight Phantasy in California

  The Vision――The Capture――“Frisco” and Its Favorite Haunts.

Having had considerable experience with copper thieves in the navy
yards of Washington, D. C., New York, and Cavite, Philippine Islands,
I was not overly surprised when, about midnight late in the autumn of
1903, while serving in the capacity of patrol at the Mare Island Navy
Yard, California, as I chanced along the waterfront, to see the shadow
of an apparent river pirate, presumably collecting copper bars from a
large pile of this valuable metal. The man evidently, it appeared to
me, had a boat in which he was storing the bars to be rowed across the
channel to Valejo, the old Spanish gambling town and gold-miners’
retreat of the old days.

Without the least exaggeration, I must acknowledge to having been
during my career in some very uncomfortable predicaments while
grovelling through the vicissitudes of life’s various phases, and a
strong resolution, which I have always held sacred, has been, never to
take a life without giving the person a chance for his own; therefore,
self-defence or being in action with the enemy could be my only
palliation. This night, however, presented cause for exception to this
rule. The corner of a large steam-engineering building hid from view
the man whose shadow played in grotesque evolutions on the pier, and
it was impossible to see him without uncovering myself to his gaze,
but there lurked the shadow of every move cast vividly before my
keen-set eyes.

As I quietly knelt in seclusion surrounded by the densest gloom,
meditating as to how I might take the object alive, positively
realizing that he was well armed, from my previous experience with
river thieves, I saw the shadow portray a man drawing a gun and
examining it closely, the shadow indicating that he was either trying
the trigger or testing the T block of an automatic pistol.

It dawned on me that my duty bade me to halt this man, and, if in any
way he attempted to evade me, to kill him.

I had the narrow neck of the channel covered, and it was my intention,
if he attempted to shove off in a boat with any copper, to halt him,
and, if he ignored my command, to fire. However, not seeing the shadow
disappear for even an instant aroused my suspicion, as to load the
copper in the boat in any shape or manner it would have been necessary
to pass on the opposite side of an old obsolete sentry-box, thereby
obliterating even the semblance of a shadow.

I was cognizant of the fact that had I aroused the guard they would
send out the steam-launch to cover the exit, and, if the man attempted
to escape, fire on him, which I wished to prevent.

What in the devil can that fellow be doing? I conjectured in silence,
as the mystical representation of his every move, like a phantom
depicting anything and everything, was cast along the ground and pier
as if superinduced by some supernatural agency. Merely prowling for
the choicest bars, I soliloquized. Hark! “Number one, one o’clock and
all is well!” The stillness of the night had been broken by the
sentries calling off the hour. “Number two, one o’clock and all is
well!” “Number three, one o’clock and all is well!” “Number four, one
o’clock and all is well!” “All is well!” repeated sentry number one at
the guard-house as he continued on his beat. “Third relief, fall in!
Get a move on, boys! The officer of the day is apt to be lurking
around!” commanded the corporal of the guard, as the men promptly fell
into their proper places for posting formation. “Count off!” commanded
the non-commissioned officer, each man counting the number of his
post. “Port arms! Open chambers! Close chambers! Order arms! Number
one!” As number one was being posted, the sergeant of the guard
interposed: “Corporal, I want those sentries to turn over not only
their special orders but their general orders as well; see that they
know them thoroughly: have them tell you what is to be done in case of
fire, and be sure that they know where the fire-plugs are located.
Butt Plate Willie is officer of the day and is raising hell around
here because the sentries don’t know their orders; now, they better
get wise to the military or off come their belts.” “Pshaw! Butt Plate
Willie don’t know his own orders,” ejaculated the corporal as he gave
the command, “Shoulder arms! Right face! Forward march!”

The shadow had taken another position and seemed to be in kneeling
posture at the rifle-range, setting the wind-gauge of his rifle for
the prone figure in the skirmish run.

The corporal was marching the old relief back to the guard-house, as
sentry number one called out, “Number one, half past one and all is
well!” followed in succession by each sentry calling off the hour.
Each man of the relief, on falling out, kicked like a mule for being
detained overtime on post.

It was half past one and surely time for me to make the rounds through
my various posts of duty.

At this instant the shadow disappeared, followed by the dull sound of
dislodged copper. The moon had taken a position behind a dark cloud,
which gave me an opportunity to skirt the end of the pier to another
secluded spot where I could await its reappearance, when I could
positively determine whether this shadow was an apparition, a reality,
or merely a transcript in the memory formed by the imagination of

As the lunar glow beamed through the clouds, the outlines of a soldier
appeared to my view, merely the profile, with his face resting in the
palms of his hands. I momentarily seized this opportunity and pounced
upon my prey, and, for the “love of Mike,” who was it but “Stormy
Bill,” a “character” at the post. “Ha! ha! What in hell are you doing
here? robbing the copper pile, hey?” I exclaimed, knowing in my heart
Bill was as honest as the night was long. Like the raven, Bill quoth,
“Never more.” “What brought you here at this hour of the night?” I
asked. “Bad whiskey,” sighed Bill, his light of enthusiasm burning
dimly. “I hid a flask here yesterday and came here to-night to look
for it.” “Yes, and keep me prowling around all night expecting every
minute to be shot by copper thieves,” I interposed. “You’re a fine
specimen of a marine! What do you think this navy yard is, a picnic
ground?” Continuing, “Now you draw yourself together quick or I’ll
have you manacled and thrown in the brig.” “Ah!” he said, “cut out the
strong talk. I came here to look for a flask of rye, I am not going to
run away with the copper pile.” “That will do you,” I said. “You have
evidently found the rye, and I want you to blow out of here.” “Yes,”
said “Stormy,” “I have found it.――Eureka! Let’s go.”

I felt like kicking him a few times, then rubbing him with liniment
and kicking him again, merely using the liniment to keep him from
becoming callous lest he should fail to feel the kicks.

He became garrulous, and, in order to get him to the barracks without
falling into the hands of the guard, it was necessary for me to walk
him about two miles to reach one-fourth the distance. Having piloted
him over lawns and through the shade of the leafy trees, we finally
reached his quarters, where his affable disposition required him to
apologize for my trouble, and, thanking me, he hied off to his cot.
“Stormy,” in the parlance of the soldier, was “good people,” his
greatest fault was in being on too good terms with old “Cyrus Noble.”
A few weeks after this event I left “Stormy” behind, having been
ordered to another post.

_En route_ from the Philippines with the Twenty-ninth Infantry in
1909, as the transport pulled up to the pier at Honolulu a voice from
the dock called out my name. Leaning over the taffrail, whom should I
see but “Stormy Bill!” He had been made a non-commissioned officer in
a battery of artillery and was stationed on the Island of Oahu.

Mare Island covers considerable space in the Bay of San Francisco,
lying about sixteen miles northwest of the “Golden Gate” overlooking
the bay and Pacific Ocean. It is the naval base of California.

While stationed at this post I frequently ran over to “Frisco,” either
by steam-boat or rail, where with a good convivival bunch I joined in
the festivities at such temples of mirth as the famous “Poodle Dog,”
from whose showy tiers or projecting balconies the pageants and
processions of Market Street could be seen passing by, as the guests,
environed by the sweet notes of a Hungarian rhapsody, were the
embodiment of gayety and content. Lombardi’s, famous for Italian
“table d’hôte” dinners and particularly noted for their mode of
preparing macaroni; Svenguenetti’s, whose reputation in crustacean
specialties, particularly in the culinary of lobsters and shrimps, was
known to the Bohemians far and wide. Zinkand’s, and scores of others,
where the music thrilled one’s very soul, and where the nymphs of the
“Golden West” could tell you how to braid a lariat and a quirt, break
a pony, and twirl the rope, and, although not adepts at the game of
golf, could tell some funny stories of picking hops under Western
skies. Kearney Street, which afforded the halls for the graceful
glide, wherein could be found the same aspect of the West of frontier
days. Prepossessing maidens in scalloped buckskin skirts, high-topped
shoes, sombreros beautifully banded with Indian beads, and corsages
cut very décolletée, danced with gallant young fellows whose costumes
savored of the Mexican variety and whose bright and breezy effulgence
was conducive to the merriment of the night. The Orpheum, Oberon, Log
Cabin, Cascade, and the Grotto, all flourished in prosperous
placidity, through a long chain of patronage of the world’s bohemians
since the days of the path-finding “Forty-niners.”

Occasionally we tripped to “Mechanic’s Pavilion,” to witness the
knights of the fistic art battle for supremacy, and note the radiant
smiles of the shining lights of the arena as a “knockout” was
perfected. But alas! the old haunts of Market and Ellis Streets and
the beautiful edifices of the old-time “Frisco”――where are they? The
echo answers, “Where?” Vanished with the stroke of nature’s wand, that
calamitous earthquake and subsequent fire of 1906, in whose train the
mournful ravages of devastation grinned in fiendish glee.

Though similar to the overwhelming destruction of the ancient city of
Campania, San Francisco’s ruin was not irremediable, for, like the
surprisingly sudden demolition, there burst into view, like spring
flowers following a thunder-storm, the magnificent new city of the
“Golden Gate,” blazing in the zenith of prosperity. It may be
necessary to make inquiries or perhaps consult a city directory, but
you will find the same old joyful haunts flourishing as of yore.

My tour of duty at Mare Island was brought to a close on being ordered
to New York to join the mobilization of the St. Louis battalion.


  Semper Fidelis――the Guard of Honor

  U.S. Marines at the St. Louis Exposition――Veterans of Various
    Expeditions――Mobilization at Washington, D. C.――Arrival in St.
    Louis――An Ideal Military Camp――Exhibition Drills, Marines in
    Bohemia――The Spanish Señoritas of Old Madrid――Coleens and Harpists
    of the Emerald Isle――Cheyenne Joe’s Rocky Mt. Inn――Palm Garden
    Dances in the “Wee Sma” Hours――Chaperoning a Theatrical Party――A
    Dinner at the Tyrolean Alps――A Famous “Broadway” Actress Meets
    Geronimo the Apache Chief――Marines Battle with Filipino
    Scouts――Arrival of Mounted Police, Farewell to the “Fair”――Oh,
    Maryland, My Maryland.

The battalion of marines that composed the Guard of Honor at the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis in 1904 was the finest
representation of Uncle Sam’s sea soldiers that has ever been
mobilized. In order to meet the requirements in organizing this
battalion, it was necessary to select men from the Atlantic, European,
and Asiatic fleets, besides the various navy yards of the United
States. The requirements of the navy department in selecting material
for this detachment were: that each man must be not under five feet
and eight inches in height and of military bearing, a veteran of
foreign service, possessing an excellent character and a clean
military record. Several months were spent in securing the necessary
quota to complete these essential conditions, which, when perfected,
represented not only the flower of the United States Marine Corps, but
a worthy rival for honors with the best military force ever organized.

Washington, D. C., was the site of our mobilization. Every member of
the battalion was exempt from duty, save that which tended to the
arduous exhibit of military evolutions, calisthenics, and bayonet
exercise. The drill in these was strenuous; five hours each day under
the tutorage of a skilful drill-master soon brought the battalion to a
state of perfection. The famous United States Marine Band furnished
the music during these drills, and the pleasure derived from this
alone offset the tedium of manœuvre.

Each man was perfectly fitted by a tailor for the eight uniforms which
he was required to have; these were of blue, khaki, and white duck.
Every article of his wearing apparel had to be an exact fit, from
shoes to cap. Every article of equipment and all accoutrements were
issued brand new. Flags, tents, ditty-boxes, cots, blankets,
mosquito-bars, rifles, six-shooters, bayonets, belts, canteens,
haversacks, toilet-sets were all fresh and new.

The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, which commemorated the centennial
of the purchase of the Louisiana Territory in 1803, opened April 30,
1904, and closed December 1, of the same year.

The site of the Marine Camp was near and on the west side of the
Palace of Liberal Arts, lying between the Liberal Arts building and
the Intramural Railway, near the Government building, and north of the
Tyrolean Alps, lagoons, and cascades.

May 20, 1904, the day set for our departure from Washington to St.
Louis, was an ideal day in every respect. The Marine Band discoursed
inspiring music, and, as the battalion of two hundred marines, under
the command of Major (now Colonel) Mahoney, made their appearance on
the parade-ground, the band took a position reaching from the arcade
of Marine Headquarters to the street. First call was sounded, followed
by assembly, each marine took his place in line, the roll was called,
and the battalion formed. As the stentorian voice of the battalion
commander rang out, “Battalion, attention! Right forward, fours right!
March!” the Marine Band struck up, “Under the double eagle,” as the
entire column swung into Pennsylvania Avenue. All along the route to
the Pennsylvania Railroad station, from sidewalks and windows, the
battalion met with expressions of popular applause. Boarding two
sections of Pullman sleepers with baggage- and dining-cars attached,
each man adjusted himself conformably to his surroundings, with that
decorum born only of military experience. The signal given, the train
rolled out of the station, the band playing, “Meet me in St. Louis,
Louis, meet me at the Fair.”

The men who comprised this “Guard of Honor” were tried and seasoned
veterans: some had been with Dewey at the battle of Manila Bay, some
with the American squadron at Santiago, while others had taken part in
the Philippines insurrection, the “Boxer” campaign in China, the
campaign against hostile Moros, and the Samar expedition. Several had
been awarded certificates of merit for valor by Congress, while at
least one man――namely, Sergeant John Quick, “the hero of
Guantanamo”――was distinguished as possessing that most coveted emblem
of heroism, “the Medal of Honor,” which can be gained only by
exceptional gallantry in action in the presence of the enemy.

To these soldiers of the sea this trip was of considerable moment as
regards the novelty thereof. Thousands of miles had been covered by
land and sea by the majority, who had touched at the ports of every
country on the face of the globe, many of whom having served in the
City of Pekin, China, as members of the Legation Guard; so that this
variation from the irksome duties aboard a man-of-war, or the burning
sun of the tropics, to the more tranquil atmosphere of a model camp at
a “world’s fair,” was more than rejuvenating. The trip was devoid of
the usual skylarking attending a body of raw and untried recruits, and
it is a matter of fact, that, a few days after the arrival at the
Exposition, Major Mahoney received, from the management of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, a letter commending him on the excellent
deportment of his command.

Arriving in St. Louis Sunday morning, May 22, we immediately alighted
from the train, the battalion was formed, and marched to the “Fair”
grounds, through the Olive Street entrance, to the site of our
rendezvous; the colors were hoisted to the flagpole, and by 12 o’clock
noon our camp had been pitched, each A wall tent towering uniformly
over the chalk-marked square on the red shale, and with the precision
of the Barnum and Bailey shows. Each tent had a well-fitting floor,
and between each row of tents stretched a beautiful lawn of grass, on
either side of which was a board-walk. The battalion commander’s
headquarters, as well as the tents of the other officers, faced the
head of the company streets, and were separated by a unique road, over
which vehicles were debarred. The camp was illuminated by large arc
lights. In the rear of the last row of tents stood the sick quarters,
canteen, guard-house, barber-shop, cobbler, tailor, and shower-baths.

The camp was typically a model military village, with all modern
conveniences, even to an up-to-date restaurant which had been erected
purposely for the accommodation of the battalion. This building was
beautifully situated in a shady grove opposite the Kentucky building.
In India the British are noted for their model camps and bungalow
quarters; but an English officer, after seeing the marines in St.
Louis, was heard to remark, that this American camp beggared

  [Illustration: U.S. MARINES, WORLD’S FAIR, ST. LOUIS, 1904]

The Plaza Orleans was the scene of daily exhibitions given by the West
Point cadets, Philippine scouts, and United States marines. Thousands
of spectators thronged the roped enclosure daily, and the applause
from these was deafening. Strains of music from a dozen different
bands filled the air, the most famous of these being the United States
Marine Band, Sousa’s, Gilmore’s, Hawaiian, Mexican, Royal Grenadier of
London, Philippines Constabulary, La Republic of France, Band De
Espanol, Neapolitan of Italy, and the army bands,――the Second and
Twenty-fourth Infantry, the latter colored. Besides these there were
scores of others, including bagpipers and the insular band of the
Tagalogs with bamboo instruments.

In addition to the exhibition drills and camp exhibit of the marines,
they also had charge of the naval exhibits in the government building.
Each man had to be thoroughly familiar with the mechanism or history,
as the case might be, of the integral point of each exhibit, in order
to explain and answer questions intelligently. The camp was garrisoned
by a detail of marines, who patrolled on each side of the square, from
the day of our arrival until the close of the “Fair.”

This style of soldiering was a rare treat to the boys; they were given
free admittance to every concession on the grounds, and the six months
spent in the heart of this stupendous show of the earth will ever
remain vivid in the memories of the men who comprised this battalion.

Stretching over a vast area of Forest Park, enclosed by a high board
fence, stood the magnificent Palaces of Varied Industries, Liberal
Art, Agriculture, Mines and Metallurgy, Manufacture and
Transportation, Palaces of Machinery and Electricity, Festival Hall,
and the Cascades, the Government Building, Tyrolean Alps, the Stadium,
Ferris Wheel, and the sunken garden; the camps of the West Point
cadets, Artillery and Infantry; Hospital, Signal, and Life-saving
Corps. Museums containing relics of anthropology, zoölogy, geology,
anthology, and numerous other scientific researches were everywhere in
evidence. In one British concession, soldiers of the “Household”
cavalry of London stood watch over the magnificent “Queen’s Jubilee
presents” which had been presented to Queen Victoria by the nations of
the earth. Five hundred Indians, representing various tribes, in all
their habiliments of war, here flourished at their best, the most
prominent chiefs among these being Geronimo, Iron Mountain, and White
Cloud. Every State in the Union was represented with an appropriate
edifice, that of the State of Missouri being the most imposing.
Statues and images from the chisels of the world’s most famous
sculptors adorned a section in the Palace of Varied Industries, while
the art galleries were filled with the rarest paintings of the most
celebrated artists of all times and all nations.

To enumerate even the most important exhibits of this prodigious
exposition would require volumes, and, for the benefit of those whose
duties prevented them from seeing the “Fair,” I wish to say that it is
impossible to form a conception of the progress this world attained
during the century since the purchase of the Louisiana Territory.

At night the electrical display was a dazzling glitter of
phosphorescence; myriads of incandescent lights of variegated colors
were strung along the lagoons, cascades, and Pike, these combined with
large arc lights completed an illumination of festive splendor.

A group of marines could be found nightly in social session on
Napoleon bridge, a span of the lagoons, meditatively absorbing the
sweet strains of the ever-entrancing Italian Yama Yama, sung by
Venetian “gondoliers,” as they gracefully plied parties in gondolas
through thread-like canals fed by the waters of the cascades. The
inspiration animated by the grandeur of the surroundings on these
occasions, the thrilling sweetness of the singing, to the mellow-toned
accompaniment of mandolins and guitars, had a most electrifying
effect. Music, music, music, music, everywhere; sweethearts, music,
and mirth, that was the slogan. “Love me and the world is mine” is
hummed in chorus by this happy-go-lucky bunch of jolly tars, whose
only responsibilities are confined to the hours of love and duty, and
whose motto is, “Be a good fellow here, and you’ll be a good fellow

“The Pike, the Pike! let’s shove off for the Pike.” They stop a few
moments to hear the soft tones of Il Trovatore by the famous Hawaiian
band, and exchange greetings with some St. Louis friends, who propose
a mild stimulant for their infirmities which consist chiefly of a
severe thirst that needs quenching. Downey’s cabaret is sought, where
in a cosey corner of bohemia the corks are drawn from ice-cold bottles
of “blue-ribbon” as they sing of “the soft-flowing dreamy old Rhine”
and “Meet me to-night in dreamland.” The latest stories are told and
toasts are drunk to the health of the absent. From the tinkling
glasses of bohemia, the marines meander to the Pike. Ten minutes’ walk
from the north pole to Ireland through a labyrinth of gayety.
Everybody visited the Pike, particularly at night, when the soft pedal
was put on conventionalities and every “piker” became a thoroughbred
bohemian, and then some. Commencing at the north pole you would follow
in rotation on either side of this animated thoroughfare: first the
Galveston flood, an excellent representation of the devastation of
that Texan city: Battle Abbey, with its relics of antiquity, on the
right; cross over, and you see Hobson sinking the _Merrimac_, also the
battle of Santiago. There is a rush, and we find ourselves in Turkey,
watching the slim princess trying to beat it with an American kodak
fiend. After “shooting the chutes” a few times, in order to be sure of
not missing anything, you stroll to a palmy dance-hall and join in a
“Frisco dip” or perhaps a “St. Louis rag,” with liquid refreshments
during the intervals.

From this point you take a boat for the “Garden of Eden” and the
scenes of creation; the dark recesses of this cavernous route were the
cause of many leap-year proposals in 1904. Leaving Paradise you stop
to watch a fellow picking confetti out of his sweetheart’s eyes; he is
laughing, and some one throws a handful of confetti into his mouth; he
swears at this, but he is only joking. A barker on the opposite side
is holding a crowd with his spiel on “Hereafter.” You enter a dark
subterranean passage likened unto the intricate caves in the “Chamber
of Horrors” depicted in Dante’s Inferno, a journey along the river
Styx on the outskirts of hades, and you are transported to Paradise
for a turn along the “golden strand.” Returning to earth, the strains
of music from a Spanish orchestra can be heard in Old Madrid, where
troubadours and matadores exchange stories over a bottle of madeira. A
dark-eyed señorita from Cordova, who wears her clothes well, sings La
Paloma, clicking the castanets to the accompaniment of an orchestra
from Barcelona. “Bravo! bravo!” yell the marines, as she joins them in
a Pall Mall and goblet of wine.

All aboard for St. Petersburg shouts the conductor of the Great
Siberian Express, from Vladivostok to St. Petersburg and return.
“Under and over the sea” pipes a sailor; “take a ride in a submarine,
ten thousand leagues under the sea.” From a balcony over the entrance
to the Old St. Louis arena, “The Cowboy’s Farewell” is being played by
a genuine cowboy band. This arena is the Indian’s favorite place of
amusement, as the scenes are typical of frontier life. Wading ankle
deep in confetti, you enter into the enchantments and desolations of
Paris, with its relics of the Inquisition, Waterloo, and the Bastille,
the bridge of the Invalides, Rue de Rivoli, and Champs Elysées, here
represented in miniature, where songs were sung by gay Parisians.
Further on are the Japanese and Chinese tea-gardens, Cummings’ wild
west show, Hoyle’s fire-fighters, and Hagenbach’s celebrated animal

Arabs with tomtoms are attracting a stream of people to mysterious
Asia. Here you find Hindu jugglers, magicians, and snake-charmers,
Oriental dancers of the hootche kootche, and venders of wares of the
“Far East,” camels and donkeys for hire, elephants with gorgeous
canopies in which the children love to ride. This concession has the
spicy odor and Oriental aspect of the Far East.

Blarney Castle and the Irish village are next. “Ho for the Irish
jaunting car!” All pile in, and we’re off for the Lakes of Killarney,
climb to the Castle and kiss the blarney stone. A Dublin colleen who
is vending shillalahs, canes, and other ornaments of Irish bog-oak,
sweetly sings, “Where the River Shannon flows,” as she pins a fresh
green shamrock on each uniform, then remarks, “If I was a man, I’d be
a soldier too.” The café has a seating capacity of nearly one thousand
people; here the tinkling of glasses is interspersed with sweet music
by harpists from the “Emerald Isle.” You order an Irish high-ball, and
you receive a crême de menthe with a shamrock in it.

The Pike was the favorite promenade of the “Fair,” something doing
every minute. Here millionaires nudged elbows with paupers;
celebrities of distinguished vocations with the butcher, the baker,
and the candlestick-maker. The various nations of the earth here
commingled in harmony, all possessed with the same feeling of
curiosity and intent on having pleasure.

After doing the Pike, the Tyrolean Alps was a favorite resort for
midnight diners whose mirth and good fellowship were in keeping with
their surroundings. Delicious terrapin, lobster, and rare-bits were
specialties in this extraordinary café. From a pass in the mountain
chain of the Alps came the clear yodel of a quartette of Tyrolean
singers, whose notes reverberated from the cliffs to the scenes below.

Swiss maidens from Geneva presided over stalls of quaint curios from
Switzerland, beer-steins and long tobacco-pipes being the most favored
articles. These Swiss girls were great favorites of the marines; they
were constant visitors at the camp during the entire exposition,
scarcely a tent was lacking in some ornamentation or other from the
booths of this Alpine exhibit, while each girl wore pinned to her
shirt-waist an ornament emblematic of the marines, consisting of the
semisphere, the eagle, and the anchor.

Though not on the grounds, one of the most interesting places of
amusement, and one which without seeing the visitor’s trip to the
“Fair” was incomplete, was “Cheyenne Joe’s Rocky Mountain Inn.” This
famous or infamous resort, as you will have it, had a seating capacity
of more than one thousand people. Tables arranged in squares over a
saw-dust floor were attended by waiters in cowboy costume; in the
centre of this large pavilion a vaudeville performance entertained its
racy patronage; music was continuous, two bands being used for this
purpose; as one ceased playing, the other commenced without interval.
A trained donkey bedecked with ribbons ran from table to table nodding
to the guests. About every twenty minutes, Cheyenne Joe mounted on a
pony would gallop into the scene and cry out, “How much money did we
take in to-day?” In unison the cowboys would yell, “Ten thousand
dollars.” Joe would shout, “Burn half of it up and shoot out the
lights,” whereupon each cowboy drew his gun and banged away, snuffing
out every light in the joint. The lights, of course, were operated
mechanically; darkness ensued for a few moments only, when the light
would be restored. The placards alone were worth a visit to read; but
the mirth and revelry indulged in not only by soldiers, civilians, and
Indians, but hundreds of the fair sex, during the midnight hours in
this Rocky Mountain resort, though lacking in splendor, were akin to
the revels at the feasts of the bacchanalians.

During the wee sma’ hours of the morning the Palm Garden, a rustic
summer dancing pavilion, with its glossy floor and Italian orchestra,
was ablaze with the scintillating flashes of diamonds which glittered
from the smartly clad feminine patrons of the dizzy whirl. Here, to
the music of such selections as, “Any rags, any bones, any bottles
to-day?” a rag two-step is being performed by a marine and a Venus
with a florid style, whose magic spell lends soothing to the blues,
but whose high heels were not made for a minister’s daughter.

Surrounding the Fair-grounds and in close proximity were shows of
every description. Conspicuous among these were Forest Park Highlands,
a veritable Coney Island; Luna Park; Delmar Garden, the scene of the
celebrated extravaganza “Louisiana,” the old mill-wheel and “the girl
in blue,” “the cave of the wind,” and “the Queen of the Gypsy
fortune-tellers,” the Delmar Race-track, where gathered together could
be found the most famous thoroughbred racers of the world, with their
coterie of noted jockeys and attendants.

“Old Heidelberg,” in the German village, was the bohemia of the
outskirts of the big show; here, to the strains of “Die Wacht am
Rhein,” it was strictly proper to eat “hot-dogs” and drink cold steins
of imported “hoff-brau.”

Sundays, when the Fair was closed, the permanent summer resorts of St.
Louis were flooded with people. Montesano, an island in the
Mississippi River connected by a fleet of steamboats, was the most
favored Sunday resort; the trip down the river alone broke the
monotonoy of the quietude of a hot summer day. The island, with its
groves of shady maple trees and inviting dells, extending from the
smooth sandy beach and through the interior, was an ideal spot to
while away the midday hours in lingering lassitude. There were
dancing, boating, fishing, roller-coasting, flirtations, and all that
goes to make up an ideal pleasure resort. Along the beach, children
with diminutive spades dug holes in the sand in search for shells.
Games of all descriptions were conducted quietly, and with far less
compunction than under the restraint and restrictive laws elsewhere

Merrimac Highlands and Creve Cœur Lake, reached by scenic railways,
were also popular places of amusement.

The daily average attendance at the exposition was sixty thousand, and
those represented nations of all countries and zones.

It was very amusing to hear some of the nonsensical questions that
were asked by our rural friends from the land of the sage-brush and
cactus. On one occasion I was approached by an elderly lady with the
following query, “Soldier, would you kindly tell me what time they
feed the lagoons?” I was nonplussed at the question, but ventured to
ask, “Is it a bird or an animal?” She wasn’t sure which, she said, but
a friend of hers had told her that it was a mighty interesting sight.
I had heard of raccoons, loons, and baboons with Mr. Hagenbach’s wild
animal show, and, knowing these had to be fed, I directed the
misinformed old lady to this site on the Pike, where I trust her
misconstruction of the word or misinformation was amended.

Having some business in St. Louis in connection with our canteen or
camp exchange which necessitated the carrying of my haversack, I had
left camp for the Olive Street car line, when I noticed a fellow in
hot pursuit who reminded me of a butterfly catcher in a field of
daisies down on the farm. Hailing me, he gasped, “Mail-man, please
stamp these cards and mail them for me;” handing me a half-dollar with
a bunch of post-cards, he continued on his leap-frog gait. “Whoa! come
back here,” I shouted. “Oh, that’s all right; buy yourself some cigars
with the change,” he answered. On mailing them I noticed they were all
addressed to Arkansas; that accounts for it, I said to myself, he must
be one of those Arkansas travellers.

Not far from our camp was a high spiral tower, on the top of which was
the wireless telegraph exhibit connected by a lift or elevator. “Is
this the scenic railway?” a young lady inquired. “Not yet,” I replied;
“that is the elevated railroad.” She smiled and thanked me very much.
Why, they even went to the Kentucky building to invite Daniel Boone
out for dinner!

Every day the marine camp was the scene of a constant stream of
visitors, many of whom were in search of friends and relatives. For
more than a year before my departure from the Philippine Islands I had
studiously contemplated serving at this post of duty, and felt assured
of my success, so in consequence had written a number of friends in
various cities of the United States who I knew were anticipating the
pleasures of the greatest show on earth.

The cool days of early autumn seemed to be the most popular season for
the Eastern and Western visitors; each day groups of friends,
ensconced under the khaki canvas of an A wall tent or seated on
steamer-chairs along the smooth level lawn, joined in social
intercourse with these jolly rovers of land and sea. Tent number 2 was
daily the scene of some festive occasion, the erstwhile pranks of
which were likened unto a scene from the “Rodgers Brothers in Paris.”
On these occasions the author was assisted by his dear friends and
compatriots Boland and Fynmore.

Before going to St. Louis as pay-clerk of the battalion, I had spent
three years afloat and in the tropics, and during that time had met
but one man from my native town, with the exception of my father, who
visited me in Washington, D. C., prior to our departure, and whose
perplexities in the Executive Mansion on meeting President Roosevelt
were brimful of excellent humor even though the seasoning was of the
ludicrous variety.

The circumstances attending the meeting of the other man in question
were exceptionally singular. It was late in the autumn of 1902, and I
was stationed in the old “Quartel de Espanol” at Fort San Philippi,
Cavite, P. I. Every evening about sundown, when not on duty, it was my
custom to stroll with a friend or two to a hacienda in the adjacent
“barrio” of San Ruki, where the soft-toned music from a harp and
guitar was artistically rendered by two charming mestizos. At this
native bungalow, shaded by large palms and drooping banana stalks,
gathered nightly the elite of the village, and occasionally señoritas
from the city of Manila, whose predominant beauty, in fluffy kimonos
woven from the fibre of the pineapple with a texture as fine as silk,
was augmented by that indisputable mark of Spanish aristocracy, the
ever-propitious mantilla. By the dim light of a candelabrum which
fluttered in the evening zephyrs, these social gatherings were
regulated with that Oriental quiescence and technique to the manner

It was while wending my way home in the moonlight from such an
allurement of beauty and music, that I chanced along the Calle Real
and into the Café Del Monte, when I was agreeably surprised to see,
seated at a game of cards, my old shipmate “Jack” Lavery of the
cruiser _New York_. Being clothed in a suit of civic white duck, I was
unrecognized for a moment. “Hello, Jack!” I exclaimed. “Well, Bill!
for God’s sake, where did you come from? I thought you were in China
on board the monitor _Monadnock_?” “No, the application was
disapproved of, so I fired in another for shore duty.” “Well, but you
left us in Shanghai.” “Yes, my application was approved there, I
crossed the sea on the gun-boat _Manila_.” “Well, where are you now?”
“Fort San Philippi.” “Good! Shake hands with some friends of
mine.――Fellows, we’ll have the story about the Moors in Algiers
to-night.――Waiter! take the order; bring in some Egyptians and a new
pinocle deck.” Having been furnished with the order, the cards were
dealt and we made our melds.

The fourth game was in progress, and, as the cards were being dealt, I
remarked to my partner, whose cuffs had been rolled back, “Corporal,
that dragon represents artistic work; where did you have that done?”
“The dragon was tattooed by an expert on the Queen’s Road in Hong
Kong; these storks I had put on in Kobe, Japan; and the spider’s webb
was worked in at Cairo, by a professional who had the honor of
tattooing his excellency the Khedive of Egypt.” “That is pretty work,
and I see it harmonizes with the blue scar on your wrist; where did
you dig coal?” “Oh, years ago, away back in Pennsylvania, all the way
from slate-picking to working a gangway.” “What part of Pennsylvania,
may I ask?” “Hazleton, Luzerne County.” “Hazleton? Are you from
Hazleton?” “Pretty close to it; my home is in Beaver Brook, a little
mining hamlet about three miles south of the city.” “Great heavens!
ten thousand five hundred miles from home, and here is a native of my
own village,” I soliloquized. “Did you ever know a family in Beaver
Brook named A――――?” “Did I?――for the Lord’s sake, is it possible that
you are young B――――y A――――?” “That’s me, old chap.” “Well! Well! put
her there, old boy. Twenty-two years have passed by since I worked for
your father. I am Johnny Coyle; don’t you remember Jack?” “Well, Jack,
my old school-mate, shake again. Truth is stranger than fiction.
School-mates, ship-mates, landsmen, bandsmen, and marines, come on,
let’s celebrate; press the button, sergeant, and we’ll sing, ‘I’ll
meet you at the hedge where the huckle-berries bloom.’”

For several days my home city, Hazleton, Pennsylvania, was well
represented at the “Fair,”――a special containing a large concourse of
Sir Knights of the Masonic Fraternity who, accompanied by their wives
and daughters, were homeward bound from San Francisco, where they had
been attending a Masonic conclave. Having the esteemed acquaintance of
nearly every member of the jolly bunch, I was delighted and felt
highly honored with their visit in our camp. In my four years of
travel around the world, these were the first people from home whom I
had met, with the afore-noted exceptions.

Each day was given to some especial event. Every State in the Union
celebrated on one particular day, the buildings representing the State
being more elaborately decorated for this occasion. This function was
attended by their respective governors and staff, occasionally
accompanied by a troop of horse or infantry. Various branches of
business had their day; there was also theatrical day, automobilist
day, Elk day, and in fact every day during the continuance of the
“Fair” was taken up by some particular branch of business or
profession, the turnstile recording the largest attendance on Chicago
and St. Louis day.

Theatrical day I had the pleasure of escorting a party of the
profession, whose names in glittering light frequently adorned the
theatres along Forty-second Street and the “Great White Way,” through
the marine camp, the Pike, Cheyenne Joe’s, and later joined in the
merriment at a dinner in the Tyrolean Alps. A quartette of Indian
chiefs occupied a table some distance from ours, among whom was the
famous old Apache warrior Geronimo. On learning that one of the chiefs
was Geronimo, a member of our party, a celebrated singer of coon
songs, expressed a desire to meet him, whereupon I invited the Indians
to join the “Merry Wanderers of the Night.” After the introduction the
old chief made a speech in the Apache tongue; they sang, danced,
chanted, and became quite hilarious; this was not due, however, to the
stimulants of the Tyrolean Alps, for, although the Indians would have
relished a mint julep, they were obliged to indulge in milder
potations. Each chief, before departing, had ardently proposed to the
actress of his choice, who accepted him in the language and manner of
the stage. The wee hours of the morning were gliding by as this jovial
party of merrymakers boarded their “special” of palace sleepers, and
thus ended a round of joy, keen wit, and humor.

Strong resentment against the conduct of Filipino scouts had been
expressed in different quarters of the “Fair,” and trouble between
these and the white soldiers had been narrowly averted a number of
times. The flirtations between white women of apparent respectability
and the islanders had created adverse criticism. The marines, goaded
by these flirtations and seeing fashionably gowned women on the arms
of Filipinos promenading the Pike, felt that it was more than they
could stand. In consequence a plan of campaign was outlined. One of
the officers said, “I foresaw this situation and gave warning that it
would come about. It is amazing the way white women shower attentions
on the scouts, parading them to their homes and all that sort of

On several occasions marines had interfered when white girls were seen
with the scouts; this usually precipitated a fight, causing bitter
feelings in both camps. The resentment against the brown men, which
continued growing stronger daily, took form when, at about ten o’clock
at night, sixty soldiers of the scout battalion surrounded and
assaulted ten marines, who, after a pitched battle, compelled their
assailants to retreat. The marines returned to camp, and, expecting
trouble, were awaiting reinforcements, when a marine rushed in,
spreading the alarm, that the Filipinos had sought succor at their
camp and that about three hundred were coming down the Pike armed.
Always reckless and ripe for excitement, a marine shouted, “Come on,
boys! let’s clean the Gu Gus off the earth.” This exclamation was
hailed with cheers, and in a few moments more than one hundred marines
were in pursuit of the enemy. Before reaching the Irish village, the
detachment split into two sections, one section covering the north end
of the Pike while the other hurried on to intercept the chocolate
soldiers near Bohemia. On seeing the marines entering the Pike, on the
double, the scouts fled, retreating presumably for a darker section of
the grounds where they could adopt their accustomed mode of fighting.
It was too late, however, for, alas! they were hemmed in, and to the
victor belonged the spoils. The marines charged, a pitched battle
ensued, in which the Filipinos, being in the majority, held their
ground for a short space of time, but soon wilted under the terrific
onslaught of the Americans.

This scene was laughable in the extreme, and reminded me of a chapter
from “Gulliver’s Travels”; those who had escaped a knockout were glad
to end the struggle. Having retreated toward their camp, they had
arrived in the vicinity of the Agricultural Building, when some of
them drew arms and commenced firing. This enraged the marines to such
an extent that they decided to charge their camp, which precipitated a
clash with the Jeffersonian Guards in which two of the guards were
seriously injured. At this juncture an alarm brought the mounted
police galloping to the scene, who finally restored order, both sides
withdrawing to the peaceful habitations of their camp.

Washington was apprised of the affair, and the troops were severely
reprimanded; but the lesson taught the scouts had great bearing on
their future attitude toward the Americans. The St. Louis newspapers
depicted the scenes of this riot, and devoted several columns in which
they eulogized the marines for the stand they had taken.

No military organization could have been treated with more courtesy
than the marine battalion at the St. Louis Exposition, and, when the
day arrived for its departure, it was with reluctance rather than
pleasure that the comfortable tents, the scenes of so much merriment,
had to be vacated for the less desirable quarters in barracks.

After breaking camp and securing our equipment, we bade the big show a
fond farewell. A long line of street cars conveyed the battalion to
the Union Station, where Pullman sleepers of the “Big Four” draped
with streamers awaited it. The Sixth Infantry band discoursed music as
the soldiers of the sea bade their friends good-by, and, as they
boarded the two sections of the train, the reverberating strains of
“Maryland, my Maryland” were received with vociferous applause by the
multitude that crowded the station platform. As the hand rendered the
old war-songs “Yankee Doodle” and “Dixie,” so sacred to the North and
the South, the train rolled off for the quaint little city of
Annapolis, the capital of Maryland.

The marine barrack at Annapolis is the finest military post in the
United States. On our arrival in the city, the battalion was met by
the marine band, and escorted to the quarters, where an especially
arranged dinner lay in waiting.

The following day, orders were received for the battalion to proceed
to Washington, D. C., to participate in the unveiling of a monument to
“Frederick the Great,” presented to the United States by Germany. This
was the last procession in which the St. Louis battalion was seen

Shortly after our return to Annapolis, an order was received from
marine headquarters, detailing all men having two years or more to
serve, on the Panama expedition. Having less than one year to serve to
complete my enlistment, I was ordered to duty at the United States
Naval Academy, until the expiration of my enlistment.


  Topographical Survey in Northern Luzon

  The Friars’ Monastery――Headquarters of the Insurgent Aguinaldo――In
    Charge of the Cargadores――Meeting with Albinos――Among the Igorrote
    Head-hunters――Enamored with a Beautiful Señorita――Planting Rice to
    Music――A Midnight Ride Through the Jungle――A Moonlight
    Fiesta――Quartered in a Cholera Infected Hacienda――The Jungle――The
    Rainy Season――Return to Civilization.

In the summer of 1908 while stationed at Ft. William McKinley, a
military post in the Philippines, I was detailed from brigade
headquarters for topographical survey on the Island of Luzon. This
assignment was more than welcomed as a departure from the monotonous
routine of guard duty, wearisome marches, and military manœuvres. I
was instructed to report to First Lieutenant Kenyon A. Joyce of the
Thirteenth Cavalry, whose headquarters were in an old Spanish
monastery in the small nippa-shack village of Lolomboy, near the
“barrio” of Bocaue, situated along the Manila and Dagupán Railroad
between Manila and Baguio, the famous Philippines health resort.

Hastily gathering together my necessary field equipment with
transportation and orders, I departed for my destination with a
feeling akin to that of the small boy on his first excursion from
home. Alighting from the street car on the escolta near the old bridge
of Spain, I purchased some periodicals and a large sombrero, then,
engaging a caramato, was driven to the Tondo station, where I boarded
a first-class coach for Bocaue.

After a wearisome ride through stifling humidity, over rice-dikes and
through jungle, I arrived at my post of duty and immediately reported
to the commanding officer of the detachment, after which I divested
myself of my accoutrements and met the members of the survey party,
consisting of about twenty-four soldiers, representing every branch of
the United States army.

This aged edifice, with its mysterious subterranean vaults, its
columns of Tuscan and Doric origin, and surrounded by balconies
encompassed with ornamental balustrades, was occupied by the soldiers
and used as headquarters by the topographical ensemble.

Prior to the Spanish-American war, this building had been a sanctuary
of worship, the abode of mendicant friars. At the time of the
insurrection, the old monastery was occupied as headquarters by
General Aguinaldo, until compelled to relinquish his stronghold by the
American troops.

Expert Filipino draughtsmen were employed in the plottings of the
survey, their work in delineating offsets being admirably executed.

The circuitous route our journey necessitated through mountains,
jungle, and across innumerable streams and ravines made it impossible
to use ponies or caribou in the conveyance of our provisions, so that
a contingent of native cargadores were employed in drawing a native
cartello, which carried not only the provisions, but also the camp
equipage, including our cooking utensils.

The entire party was divided into three sections, each section
comprising one commissioned officer, eight enlisted men, and four
brawny cargadores who handled the native cart or cartello. Each
section had a separate circuit on which to work, these circuits
penetrating jungle and mountainous country hitherto unexplored by the
military. Provisions for two weeks were usually carried, the length of
time it required in covering our territory.

My first duty in connection with this survey was recording the
readings of the transit, operated by the officer in charge. Our route
led through the “barrios” of Marilao, Santa Maria, Tomano, Buena
Vista, San Jose, Bagbaguen, Prensa, and Santa Cruz, in the province of
Bulacan. The heat endured on these expeditions was intense, especially
along the rice-dikes, which were barren of foliage. Occasionally, when
in the vicinity of a barrio where we had but one night to remain,
instead of spreading canvas we bivouacked under the roof of some
convenient casa. On one occasion, having worked until sundown, our
cartello was drawn alongside of an old native house of worship, in the
barrio of Buena Vista, where a “fiesta” had been in progress for
several days. Here, under the eaves of this sacred shrine, this
soldier outfit dined “A la cartello.”

In the interior of this sanctuary, the flickering lights in a large
candelabrum, at the base of the crucifix, shone dimly through the
gloom. With a feeling of absolute safety, the soldiers spread their
ponchos over the bamboo matting and, wrapped in blankets, reposed in
peaceful slumber. There was nothing to disturb the tranquillity of
this night until, shortly before the break of dawn, we were aroused by
the tolling of the bells, and the chanting of the Ave Maria, uttered
in solemn devotion by a long procession of natives garbed in
ceremonious black, preceded by a señorita bearing a cross, flanked on
either side by torch-bearers. As the procession moved slowly down the
aisle, the soldiers arose from their unusual berth and, occupying
seats, observed the ceremonies with respectful silence. These natives
were the thoroughbred Tagalogs, the aborigines of the Philippines, the
greater number of them being converts to Roman Catholicism, the
balance adhering to the doctrines of the Reformation, or the
Protestant religion.

Leaving Buena Vista, our route led through the beautiful Marquina
Valley, with its immense forests of bamboo, ebony, sapan-wood, and
gum-trees entwined by the bush-rope of palasan, trees teeming with the
luscious mango and guava, bordering on plantations and groves of the
vegetable kingdom, including the banana, plantain, sugarcane,
pineapple, coffee, cinnamon, and tobacco.

From Marquina our course led into the dense forest of the San Madre
Mountains. Before leaving the valley, I was detailed to handle the
cargadores. This party in itself was a comedy; the only things they
thought seriously of were cigarettes, salmon, and rice. I gave each of
them a sobriquet,――namely, “Blinky,” Pedro, Carlo, and Pablo de
Gusman. Blinky, a one-eyed dusky savage, was the hero of the drama;
when he wanted anything, he would pat me on the arm and exclaim, “El
capitan, mucho bueno,” and in the same breath, “Dalle mi cigarillo.”
He would then wink at the others. Blinky was familiar with the lay of
the land, and was a valuable assistant when it came to questions of
emergency, such as getting the cartello across a stream or a deep
ravine. It was sometimes necessary in crossing a river, to unload our
cargo and ship it across in a binto, a boat similar to a canoe, then
float the vehicle across the best way we could.

Having been detained rather late one evening in a barrio where I had
been exchanging rice, bacon, and salmon, for chickens, eggs, and
vegetables, I could have made my objective point before sundown had
not something unforeseen occurred; we had reached an unexpected ravine
or gorge through which a torrent of water gushed; here we found it
necessary to cut two bamboo trees on which to slide the cartello
across on its hubs. We were having excellent success when the hubs
slipped off, dumping our cargo into the stream and Pablo de Gusman
with it. Luckily the native grabbed the wheel of the cart and was
saved. A rope attached to the front of the cartello was the means of
our saving the greater part of the rations; but we were in a sorrowful
plight, it being impossible to drag such a load up the precipitous
slopes. We found it necessary to pack the cargo up piece by piece. The
scene was laughable in the extreme: Blinky looked as though he had
been sentenced to be shot, while the singsong chorus of native lingo,
like the buzzing rabble of Italian emigrants, combined with reaching
the site of our camp in the darkness, completed my baleful imbroglio.
Let it suffice to say: an impatient mapping detail awaited our

The country through which we passed was one of tropical grandeur;
monkeys, wild-boar, and parrots were frequently seen along the
mountain ranges. At night it was interesting to watch the vampires
darting hither and thither over mango-trees, nipping the delicious
mangos, sometimes carrying them to their roosts for their young. These
vampires resemble a bat, though much larger; the body is about the
size of a kitten, the wings measuring when fully developed six feet
from tip to tip.

Albinos are frequently met with in northern Luzon; on one occasion,
strange to relate, we came in contact with a small colony of this type
of people, unrelated, however, as the albino is a freak of nature
possessing no inherency. They were reluctant to converse, contenting
themselves with looking on, as they shielded their pink eyes from the
rays of the sun with a fan of the palm-leaf. The interest we Americans
manifested in these people seemed greatly to amuse the Filipinos.

The Igorrote head-hunters are a wild tribe inhabiting the northern
provinces. Their features are large, with kinky hair, large teeth, and
black complexions. They are far below the other tribes in intellect
and intelligence. The appellation “head-hunter” has its significance
in the fact that the head of the enemy is taken as a relic, similar to
the custom of the American Indian in scalping his victim. We watched
these barbarians killing dogs for market, saw them making grasshopper
pies, and, to our disgust, they ate eggs with chickens in them. Eggs
containing chickens were worth double the price of fresh eggs.

It was a great pleasure to return to our headquarters in the old
monastery, where wholesome food and cool shower-baths could be had.
The evenings at this domicile were always enjoyably spent, either at
cards, reading, or music. Occasionally, Sebastian Gomez, an old
Filipino, would bring his two granddaughters to the quarters; these
were fairly good-looking señoritas and excellent musicians, the one
playing the harp while the other played the accordion, accompanied by
the old man with a guitar. Very often a deputy revenue collector, who
spent considerable time with us, would join this trio with a violin,
and these instruments combined rendered excellent music.

Occasionally my work consisted in planting signal-flags on points of
vantage, where they could be seen through the telescope of a transit.
It was incidental to one of these trips that Kane, of the Engineer
Corps, and myself, while driving through a remote barrio, came in
contact with the beautiful Señorita Carmen Lemaire. In my travels I
had encountered many odd freaks of nature, leaving me not overly
susceptible to surprise; on this occasion, however, the unique
circumstance attending the incident created little less than
astonishment. The fact that to hear the Anglo-American tongue spoken
by natives even in Manila was a rarity seldom enjoyed, made this event
the more surprising.

We had left headquarters at Lolomboy in the early morning, with a pony
hitched to a cartello containing the signal-flags, tent equipage, and
rations for three days. Crossing the ferry at Bocaue, we struck a
northerly route running west of Malolos, the old Filipino capital. We
had covered a number of miles over a dusty road and through sweltering
heat, when a quaint little barrio shaded by cocoa and palm trees on
the banks of the Cianti River was reached. As the pony jogged along
through the heart of the village, turning out occasionally for the
little pickaninnies who played in the street, my eyes fell on
something unusual for this section of the world,――an exceptionally
beautiful señorita, apparently a mestizo of European extraction,
presiding over a fruit-stand in front of a large hacienda, from which
exhaled the sweet odor of grated-cocoanut boiling in the syrup of the

“Kane, did you see that?” I asked. “Yes, some class; I wonder where
that complexion came from,” he replied. “Let’s try and find out,” I

It was about the hour for the Filipino siesta and time for “tiffin”;
so, drawing under the shade of a large mango tree, we tied and fed the
pony, and I informed the engineer that I was going to buy some eggs.
“Let me buy them,” said Kane, smilingly.

Approaching the hacienda, I saw standing under the eaves, with the
grace of a Wanamaker cloak-model and the beauty of the allegorical
Psyche, a Filipino señorita still in her ’teens, whose raven tresses
would have been the envy of the “Sutherland sisters.” “Buenos dios,
señorita,” I ventured. “Buenos dios,” she replied. “Tiene weibus?”
(Tagalog for “Have you eggs?”). “Si, señor,” she replied. Kane, whose
knowledge of the dialects was limited, appearing on the scene, said,
“How do you do?” “Quite well, thank you; how are you?” she said.
“Better,” said Kane, smiling in expressive surprise. At first I
thought it an apparition with a voice; to hear good old United States
spoken in a feminine voice, after being inflicted for months with the
pigeon English of Chinese and the smattering cackle of the natives was
almost too good to be true.

“Are you soldiers the advance-guard of a regiment, or merely out for a
joy ride?” she inquired, showing two rows of pearly teeth through an
inquisitive smile. “Joy ride is right, with room for six,” replied
Kane. Here my curiosity led me to inquire as to how this illustrious
personage had acquired such fluency in the English language. Whereupon
she informed me that she had been educated at the University of Manila
and was a school-teacher home on vacation.

Having purchased some eggs, she further attracted our attention by
volunteering to fry them, and asking if we desired the albumen
scrambled with the yolk. Her complexion was a study, for, although her
hair and eyes were of raven black, her color was fair, with features
resembling the Louisiana Creole. She set a very dainty repast,
consisting of rice, fish, eggs, and fried plantains, and, suffice to
say, we three――Kane, the pony, and myself――were exceedingly happy; the
pony because he had reached the end of his journey, for there were no
flags put up that day.

Before our departure we exchanged addresses; I found her name to be
Carmen Lemaire, which further increased my curiosity. Having asked
permission to pay her a visit some evening in the future she informed
me that it would afford her much pleasure to have me call, but that
several natives were very jealous of her, including a cousin whose
ire, if aroused by my calling after sundown, might jeopardize my life;
therefore any other than an impromptu daylight visit would be
imprudent for her to approve. Assuring the señorita a little
boastfully of my utter disregard for the marksmanship of her suitors,
of my utmost confidence in fate, and my inability to call during the
day she set an evening in the following week for me to see her.

Bidding adieu, we left this hacienda with its fair inhabitant, and
journeyed on our route. The following day the pony had to go some to
make up for lost time, and it required the best part of three days to
complete the work. Our return trip was the longest way round, but not
the sweetest way home.

On our return to Lolomboy we told the story of having met the
beautiful señorita. The old Filipino Sebastian knew of her, and told
us she had been selected to act as queen of the “Grande Fiesta” at the
Manila Carnival.

The following Thursday evening before sundown, “knighthood was in
flower.” Having selected and placed some choice literature in my
saddle-bags, I mounted a pony and galloped off for the scene of my
triumph with the visage of the charming Carmen before me.

The iridescent hues of the vanishing sun tinted the western horizon,
as I reined my pony into a verdant trail, winding with the course of
the river, almost hidden from view by the high grass that lined the
trail on either side. The moon at its full shone through the cocoanuts
hanging in clusters from the tall trees, as I dismounted at the
Lemaire hacienda in the barrio of Montao. A Filipino patrol passing by
took charge of the pony, thereby relieving my mind of the fear of its
being stolen by ladrones, who lurk in the mountain districts of Luzon.

On entering the large bamboo casa, with its nippa eaves extending
beyond the walls, I was met by the affable Carmen, and conducted to a
cosey retreat, in the manner and customs of the Philippines, After
meeting her mother, a very retiring Filipino lady. I presented the
señorita with the periodicals, which included the San Francisco Sunset
Magazine, containing my picture taken at Salt Lake City when a soldier
in a machine-gun battery. Her beauty on this occasion was augmented by
a pretty silken kimono and straw sandals, characteristically simple.
In her hair she wore a pink carnation, which vied in beautiful
contrast with her complexion. A gold necklace with pendant attached
and a finger-ring of turquoise and diamonds completed her attire.

Side by side on the wall hung two large pictures,――one the martyred
patriot Jose Rizal, the other the ex-Governor-General of the
Philippines, now our President, William H. Taft. On the opposite wall
hung the señorita’s much-cherished diploma from the University of
Manila and a certificate of belles-lettres. Books were shelved in
galore. An East Indian matting covered the bamboo floors, while the
sleeping compartments were hidden from view by large portières.
Various articles of interest were shown to me, including photographs,
a prayer-book printed in Spain in the sixteenth century, and the
bridal-veil worn by her mother on her wedding morn.

During the evening the son of the presidente of the village,
accompanied by his sweetheart, a pleasing young couple, called at the
hacienda. Being unable to hold an intelligent conversation with these
guests, our conversazione was one of ignorance crasse. The elder
Señora Lemaire,


Carmen’s mother, served the guests with limeade and charlotte-russe,
which were delectable and refreshing.

After the couple had departed, I related several stories of the United
States to this amiable señorita. I told of my home away off in
Pennsylvania, my school days, friends, escapades, the war, my travels,
and incidentally mentioned the resemblance she bore the Creoles of New
Orleans, among whom I had spent a winter; being careful to impress on
her mind, that the Creole is of Spanish and French descent, not negro,
as some educated people suppose. She listened very attentively to my
stories, occasionally asking questions, particularly regarding the

The anecdotes of her college days were more than interesting, as were
the stories she told about the insurrection. She was very familiar
with the history of the war, from the blowing up of the _Maine_ to the
battle of the “crater” in the Sulu.

“Lemaire is a very uncommon name in the Philippines, is it not?” I
remarked. “Yes,” she sighed, “very uncommon.” Realizing the interest I
took in her, and the eagerness I possessed to hear some of her life’s
history she continued:

“About twenty years ago a party of European surveyors employed by the
Manila and Dagupán Railroad, in surveying this section of my country,
were stationed at Malolos, my former home. In the course of human
events, one of the party――namely, Armand Lemaire――became enamoured
with and courted my mother, with whom he was eventually joined in holy
wedlock. Of this union I am the fruition. At the expiration of my
father’s duties in the Philippines, he was ordered to India, where,
falling a victim, he succumbed to the plague.” Reaching into the
drawer of an escritoire, she drew forth the picture of a man, whose
intelligent features clearly indicated the ancestry of this charming
young woman.

Continuing, she said: “My mother, on receiving notice of my father’s
death, took up her residence on this plantation, provided before his
departure for India, and here she has lived ever since in pensive
quietude, never fully recovering from the effects of her dire

                 CAPPED WASATCH RANGE, UTAH.]

There was something unusually pathetic in this sincere girl’s story,
and my conjecture, as I gazed on her mother’s bridal-veil, had found a
sequel. With the assurance of my utmost sympathy, the conversation
switched on to other topics. Glancing at my watch the hands indicated
midnight, and I had told the patrol to be on hand with my pony at
eleven o’clock.

Glancing over the balustrade, Carmen inquired, “Donde cabalyo?” The
patrol had arrived with the pony as if by magic.

As I bade Carmen Lemaire a fond adieu, she again admonished me as to
the possible violence of her jealous suitors. “Keep on the alert and
take no chances,” she said.

After tipping the patrol a two-peso note, I mounted my pony, and
wafting a “buenos-notches” galloped off in the pale moonlight,
sincerely wishing some dusky rival would take a shot at me, that I
might demonstrate “the survival of the fittest.”

My ride through the jungle in lonely contemplation was uneventful
until the barrio of Bocaue was reached. Here I found a barrier in the
shape of a river. I had failed to take into consideration that the
ferry ceased running at midnight. The ferry, a flat-bottomed scow
capable of carrying about fifty people, was moored on the opposite
side of the river and no one there to man it. I had my choice of two
things,――namely, swim the current or wait until dawn. Having placed a
photograph along with some other valuables in the band of my sombrero,
I reined my pony to the brink, and was about to plunge when I saw
looming on the opposite shore the figure of a police patrol.

In imitation of the semaphore system, I wig-wagged the Filipino, and
with a hoarse voice in bad Spanish impressed on his mind the necessity
of my getting across. Having a passing acquaintance with the municipal
officer, he recognized me, and propelled the boat across himself by
means of a cable, the river being about one hundred yards wide at this
point. On reaching the other side, the patrol was as much pleased in
making a little side money as I was delighted in getting across. It
was not long before I had stabled my pony and sought peaceful repose
in my Helen Gould cot in the old monastery.

A few days later I set out with the cargadores on a new circuit. A
very odd scene we encountered on this trip in the province of
Pangasinán was a skirmish line of Filipinos transplanting rice to
music. The rice paddies, or dikes, resembled level meadow-land and
stretched out as far as the eye could discern in every direction.
About one thousand Filipinos, men and women dressed in loud colors,
were engaged in this work. Their formation was in the shape of a
skirmish line, with a deploy of about two feet; each planter was
covered in rear by another who passed the rice plants as the supply
became exhausted; a short distance in rear of all were bands of music
with intervals of one hundred yards. Large sun-shades, with long spike
handles stuck in the soil, afforded considerable shade for the
musicians. As the music from these bamboo instruments resounded o’er
the meadows, each planter moved forward one step, at the same time
placing a rice shoot in the soil, with the utmost uniformity and in
absolute harmony with the band.

This was one of the most interesting sights I have ever seen; the
progress these natives made was wonderful; besides, each seemed to be
getting a great deal of enjoyment out of life. It reminded me of
calisthenics in the navy, where they execute the movements of their
exercise to the strains of a familiar march.

It was nearly time for the rainy season, and we were making our last
circuit. Cholera was prevalent throughout the Island of Luzon, and in
many instances smallpox had been reported. A “Division” order made it
a court-martial offence for any soldier in the jungle to drink water
that had not been boiled. This order, however, was not very
stringently adhered to. Reports of deaths from cholera were received
daily, in many instances soldiers being the victims. Whenever we found
it convenient to boil water we did, but never went thirsty waiting for
boiled water.

About three o’clock one scorching afternoon we struck a trail in a
remote section of the San Madre Mountains which indicated that
cartellos drawn by caribous made daily trips over this road. While
resting at this point, the day suddenly grew dark and it became
perceptible to us all that a typhoon was approaching. The lieutenant
in command of the party, being a recent graduate of West Point and
having had little experience in the field, was slow to comprehend what
might be the consequence if a raging typhoon was to encompass this
party in the jungle.

I suggested to him that we select a place at once and spread canvas.
To this he acquiesced, and ordered me to take a Filipino and follow
the trail until I reached a place of shelter suitable for the pitching
of a camp. With one of my cargadores, “Blinky” (with whom I had just
had a scrap for paring potatoes with a bolo), I hit the trail, and had
covered about one mile when my eyes fell on a bamboo shack which
appeared to be unoccupied. On investigation I found it to be an
unusually fine casa for this mountain district. I found earthenware
olios filled with water, dry wood, and a stone grate, but no sign of
any occupants. Tearing a leaf from my note-book, I informed the
lieutenant of our good fortune in having shelter from the typhoon
without the necessity of pitching tents, dispatched “Blinky” with the
message, and ere long the cartello and party had arrived.

A fire having been made, the coffee was put on to boil, the natives
pared the potatoes, while I sliced the bacon and opened several cans
of corn and salmon. The salmon was served to the Filipinos with rice.
After a hearty supper by candle-light, cigarettes were smoked,
blankets spread on the bamboo floor, and we all stretched out for a
good night’s sleep.

The advance guard of the typhoon had arrived; a terrific wind, which
whistled through the palms and nippa-roof, threatened at times to
carry our shack away. Deep peals of thunder reverberated from the
aerial regions, while dangerous flashes of blazoned lightning tore
through the celestial firmament. “A nice night for a murder,” remarked
Corporal “Free,” of the Sixth Cavalry. There was little sleep that
night, which was evidenced in the morning by the numerous sacks of
“Bull Durham” that lay scattered on the floor.

The storm continued throughout the following day, abating on toward
midnight. The following morning deep gullies were worn in the soil,
streams were flooded, while the drooping palms presented a scene of
picturesque desolation. Overhead the fleecy clouds hovered round the
blazing sun which cast its rays through the spice-laden atmosphere.

Having walked some distance from the hacienda, I heard off in the
mountains that familiar guttural accent of a cochero driving a
caribou; I listened, and he gradually grew closer. On his arrival I
found him to be a Filipino with a load of sugarcane and bananas, _en
route_ to Malolos. Being curious to know why this substantial home was
unoccupied, I inquired in Spanish from this man, who informed me, with
great stress, that no natives could be induced to live here, as the
entire family, the occupants, had fallen victims to the dreaded
cholera. Well, right here I felt as though I was on my journey across
the river Styx. Shortly after, on meeting the lieutenant, I said to
him, “Lieutenant, has it not aroused your curiosity as to why this
house is unoccupied?” “Why, yes, it seems strange,” he replied. “Well,
I will enlighten you a bit,” said I. Then I told him the story the
cochero had told me. I once saw a man sentenced to be shot, and, if
looks count, his feelings and those of the officer were identical. He
thought it wise to move in the direction of the monastery; but I
informed him that there was no need to worry; that, if we had suffered
contamination, it would have been all over long before this, as there
is no delay in the operation of an Asiatic-cholera germ. On learning
this he was greatly relieved; so we shoved off and completed our
circuit. However, some of the party were pretty uneasy; they had drunk
unboiled water from the olios. “Furthermore deponent saith not.”

We returned to headquarters just in time to escape the rainy season.
Here we spent weeks in idleness, playing cards, reading, and
occasionally I would run up to Malolos by rail, then engage a caromato
to convey me to Montao to see Carmen Lemaire. Sometimes the river was
so swollen by the torrents of rain that it was impossible to get
across. Naturally, life became rather monotonous, and upon request I
was relieved and returned to duty with my regiment, back to
civilization and the lights and music of the Luneta. This engaging
mestizo señorita visited Manila a number of times before my departure
for the States, and, although the honor of “queen of the carnival”
fell to the lot of an older mestizo, the charming presence of Carmen
Lemaire on this occasion brooked no competition, for beauty, grace, or

Rudyard Kipling, whose “Barrack-ballads” are favorites in the army and
navy, describes in mililoquent tones incidents appertaining to the
“Far East,” in “On the Road to Mandalay,” from which I quote:

   When the mist was on the rice-fields, and the sun was droopin’ low,
   She’d get her little banjo and she’d sing the coola la lo.
   With her arm upon my shoulder, and her cheek against my cheek
   We used to watch the hathis, and the elephants pilen teak;
   Elephants a pilen teak in the smudgy sludgy creek,
   Where the silence hung so heavy, you was half afraid to speak.
   On the road to Mandalay, where the flyin’ fishes play,
   And the dawn comes up like thunder out a China ’cross the bay.

The last occasion on which I saw her was on the eve of my departure
for the United States. In a “victoria” accompanied by two University
classmates, she called at my quarters in Ft. William McKinley, where I
joined them for a ride to the haunts of my old marine days, in the
village of San Ruki, near Cavite. Among old friends and the
ever-predominant harp and guitar, I enjoyed the fascinations of their
quaint moonlight “fiesta.”

The drive homeward to Manila under the shades of night, through the
“barrios” of Bacoor, Paranacque, and Pasay, with the wavelets of the
sombre bay breaking on the sandy beach, was one of imposing grandeur
that will ever remain vivid when my mind reverts to tropical

At a dinner party on the roof-garden of the Hotel “Oriente” this
night, I bade Señorita Lemaire farewell.


  Cock-Fighting, the National Sport of the Philippines

  Training of the Birds――Mains by Electric Light――Aristocracy Patrons
    of the Arena――Chinese “Book-makers”――Filipino Touts――Flower
    Girls――The “Pit”――The Strike of the Game Birds――The Crucial
    Moment――Game to the Last――Honest Sport.

The national sport of the natives of the Philippine Islands is
cock-fighting. From infancy the Filipino takes to this line of sport,
as a duck takes to water, and he early acquires the art of heeling and
training the bird which is sooner or later to increase his wealth or
perhaps send him back to the drudgery of the rice-fields, where he
must eke out an existence and little by little accumulate sufficient
to back another favorite chanticleer in his efforts to recover from
his sorrowful state of depression, as a Filipino will bet all on his
favorite game-bird.

The enthusiasm these people manifest around the pit during a main is
akin to that of the Spaniards and Mexicans during a bull-fight. For
weeks before a battle the bird is dieted, his claws and beak are
manicured, feathers cropped, and plume trimmed. Its weight requires
either increasing or diminishing, as the case may be, and it is
handled with the care of the tots in a baby incubator.

Every village or barrio in the Philippines has its cockpit, the most
pretentious of these being found in the villages of Caloocán and San
Pedro Macati, surrounding the city of Manila. Here, in a large
well-ventilated arena, can be found gathered together night after
night, not only a motley crowd of peasants from the rice-fields of the
interior, but the up-to-date business people of the “Escolta” and the
aristocracy of the old walled city, whose gorgeous victorias before
sundown roll gracefully along the Luneta, to the music of the
Constabulary Band. These mains are conducted under the glare of
electricity with the same success as by the light of day. Chinese, who
are born gamblers, occupy a large percentage of the space given for
seating capacity; these people very methodically run a book in which
odds are given on certain birds before they appear to the public gaze.
They are quartered together and gamble only among themselves. There is
also the house “book-maker,” who takes all bets but places no odds.
The small fry, or the Filipinos whose pesos and pesetas are limited,
bet among themselves, either man holding the stakes.

The pests of the American race-track known as touts and rail-birds are
also in evidence here. One of these will approach you asking which is
your favorite bird, invariably telling you he has a sure thing and
that to bet any other way would be “mucho malo.” You bet on his
advice, and he leaves you, meets another easy mark, and tells him to
bet just the opposite to the way he advised you. This fellow is a sure
winner, as one of the birds must win and his nightly rake-off is a
stout roll.

The price of admission is una peseta, or ten cents (gold). Near the
entrance to the “pit” is a bamboo stand where cigars, cigarettes, and
ice-cold bottles of San Miguel’s salvaeso are sold. Flower-girls are
everywhere in evidence, with their trays of palm-leaf fans, wreaths,
and fragrant nosegays. An old Filipino woman chewing betel-nut and
smoking a black cigar struts around selling cocoanut candy, the very
appearance of which is enough to spread the cholera.

As the time approaches for the main, an old bald-headed veteran of the
cocking main enters the screened pit, which is about the size of a
“Marquis of Queensberry” prize-ring, and announces the beginning of
the evening’s performance; he is loudly cheered by the gamesters of
the arena. This is followed by the entrance of the owners with their

The noise, which up to this time has been violent, here breaks into a
paroxysm of tumultuous disorder. Each spectator is yelling for his
favorite bird, which he designates by its color; this singsong
chatter, being a jumble of the Spanish, Tagalog, and Chinese tongues,
runs like this: Color row, color row, blanco, Ki tim chung a wong,
blanco, blanco, Ki tim chung a wong, negro, negro, negro, focho, color
row, blanco, Ki tim chung a wong. This is grand music for mutes and
boiler-makers! The spurs, unlike the sharp-pointed gaff’s used on
American game-cocks, are small steel blades shaped like a razor and
honed to an extreme degree of keenness. After the spurs are fastened
on and each Filipino is satisfied with the ire of his bird, they are
pitted, the owners leave the pit, and the battle is waged; not in
accordance with Dr. Clark’s rules of the United States, however, as
cock-fighting was in vogue in the Philippines for ages before the
discovery of America.

As the battle is waged, each bird seems conscious of the dire effects
of the fatal blade of its adversary; they strut, crouch, and spar,
each with eyes intent on the slightest move of the other. “Mucho bueno
combati este negro,” shouts the Filipino as the red fowl narrowly
escapes a lunge from the spur of the black. “Negro, negro, buena negro
minok,” shout the backers of the black fowl, which, unlike in the case
of the opponents in a prize-fight, the applause tends to intimidate,
rather than inspire courage in the feathery tribe. “Spearo poco
tiempo,” exclaims the red fowl’s admirer. “Caramba spearo,” cries the
follower of the black with vehemence; “poco tiempo, este negro, murto
este outro minok, tiene mucho jinero fora compra chow fora pickinniny,
no mas traubaho.” This mixture of Igorrote and Tagalog translated
means, “There will be a hot time in one nippa shack if the black bird

“Aha!” is uttered in crescendo. They have struck; feathers fly over
the pit, and blood flows from the red fowl; they strike again, the red
bird limps, and is seen to run, followed by the black, which is
bleeding profusely from a gash hidden by its feathers; this brings
forth tremendous cheers, which, however, die down as the crucial
moment is observed. “Can it come back?” Both are weakening; the red
game turns, with that blind spontaneity and instinct animated by fear;
they crouch and strike together; a spur has reached the vital spot;
the black swoons, its vital functions have ceased, and the battle is
at an end. As the red fowl is proclaimed the winner, it is seen to
sink, game to the last second; with its life it has paid the price of
the victory.

“They are dead game chickens,” remarks a soldier as they are carried
from the pit. Bets are now paid off, and the pit is sprinkled with
fresh sand, new wagers are laid, and the main continues.

Cock-fighting in the Philippines is honest sport; there is no such
thing as throwing the game as in a prize-fight, or pulling a horse as
in racing. The fowls are usually so evenly matched that there is
little of advantage in either one, from which to choose a preference,
the book-makers in almost every case relying on their good fortune.

These mains are the most popular sport in the islands, and, in
consequence of the honest methods of the promoters in conducting them,
have been carried on for ages without cessation or municipal
interference, such as is sometimes waged against bull-fighting,
horse-racing, and prize-fighting in other countries.

The very atmosphere of the Philippines attracts you to these large
nippa and bamboo arenas, and it seems you involuntarily follow the
procession here as you would the race-track following in New Orleans
or the daily crowd that gather to witness “Cuban pelota” in Havana. It
is the antique axiom exemplified: “When in Rome do as the Romans do.”


  Departure of the 29th Infantry from the Philippines

  Brigade Headquarters, Ft. Wm. McKinley――Afloat on the Pásig
    River――Quarantine at Mariveles――Liberty in Japan――Across the
    Pacific――Reception in Honolulu――Greetings in “Frisco”――Via Santa
    Fé to Governor’s Island.

It was midday in August, 1909, when the long chain of cascoes and
steam-launches loaded with the three battalions and band of the
Twenty-ninth Infantry swung into the rapids of the Pásig River to the
strains of that dear old Southern melody, “My Old Kentucky Home,”
leaving, as we floated with the current, many a heart-broken “mestizo”
with her bandanna soaked in tears, wafting adieu to her “Americano
soldado,” with whom she had had her last glide in the dance-halls of
Guadeloupe. After a campaign of two years in a brigade post under the
burning sun of the tropics, the course of our homeward-bound journey
had begun on the historical old Pásig River, which, could it voice its
history, might tell many a weird tale of adventure and bloody

The military rendezvous and scene of our departure was Fort William
McKinley, situated on a plateau near the Pásig and Tagigue Rivers,
overlooking the broad bay and city of Manila on the west, and the
beautiful lake in the district of Laguna de Bay on the east. In close
proximity was a branch line of the Manila and Dagupán Railroad,
connecting the provincial territory between Manila and the village of
Antipolo. In addition to the steam-train, a trolley system covered the
government reservation, terminating in the barrio of Pásig.

At this post, brigade headquarters, the troops were housed in bungalow
barracks, consisting of the Tenth United States Cavalry (colored),
whose gallantry in Cuba in 1898 forever perpetuated the name of this
courageous regiment of horse; the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth regiments
of infantry, the last additions to the infantry branch of the line; a
battalion of engineers; numerous batteries of held artillery; and a
large detachment of the hospital corps completed the strength of the
brigade, which was under the command of Brigadier-General Pershing.

The Twenty-ninth Infantry, in command of Colonel H. K. Bailey,
occupied the quarters in the southeast section of the post and nearest
to the rifle-range. Each company was quartered separately, in barracks
identical with those of the British army in India. These quarters were
spacious two-story buildings with large apertures through which the
cool currents of air from the China Sea fanned in gentle breeze.

Excellent shower-baths and a laundry, presided over by two Chinese,
were valuable adjuncts that contributed to the accommodations of the
men. Each morning on awakening, the soldier found, arranged in
uniformity under his cot, his several pairs of garrison russet,
gymnasium, light marching order, and civilian shoes, polished to a
high degree of excellency; placed there by the “Oriental knights of
the zapatos,” two native boot-blacks, employed by the company, and
whose duty it was to have every shoe polished before reveille and the
sound of the morning gun.

The amusement-hall contained a well-stocked library of the most
popular editions, a billiard-table, and a phonograph, so that the
rainy season was seldom unwelcomed by the soldier.

Large verandas shaded by clinging vines surrounded these bungalows,
and in the evening, when not perambulating with the procession through
the health-giving ozone of the Luneta or cajoling the birds at a
favorite cockpit, it was a pleasure to lounge in a sedan chair with a
mild Manila perfecto, and listen to the entrancing excerpts from some
favorite opera, as beautifully rendered by the Twenty-ninth Infantry

Fort McKinley is separated from Manila along the riverside “speedway”
by seven miles of macadamized road, over which during the dry season
vehicles of all descriptions roll, from the two-wheeled caromato to
the high-power limousine. This famous driveway is the “Ormond Beach”
of the “Far East,” rivalling in climate and surpassing in beauty the
celebrated winter resort of southern Florida. A moonlight ride along
this magnificent boulevard is a scene never to be forgotten. On
leaving the nippa-roofed bamboo shacks in the barrio of Guadeloupe,
you light a cigarette and recline in luxurious ease on the cushions of
your rubber-tired “victoria,” drawn by a pair of sleek Australian
ponies, their languid movement being in keeping with the wishes of the
“cochero,” who regulates his fee by the time consumed in conveyance.
The witchery or charm of your entire surroundings is preternatural.
The phosphorous ripples of the swift-flowing Pásig on one side seem to
emulate the scintillation of the star-bespangled firmament, while, in
rivalling contrast on the other, the glow-worm and fire-fly in
sheltering palms and over dewy landscape, like the ignis fatuus, seem
to mock the luminous glow of the moon.

As the old Santa Anna Cathedral, with its vine-clad balustrades
falling to decay, appears in the scene, looming in magnetic amplitude
over the verdant foliage of tropical grandeur, it is with a feeling of
supplication, induced by the magical influence of the night, that you
involuntarily alight from the “victoria” and enter the sacred portals
of this time-consecrated sanctuary, most holy and inviolable site,
where for ages past the “padre” sang mass to the souls of the donors,
the parishioners, who, kneeling in humble supplication, have chanted,
in eloquent voice, the Ave Maria and Gloria Patria from the prayers in
the three chaplets of their worshipful Rosary. As you linger in silent
meditation along the galleries of this sanctified edifice, as if in
quest of the “Holy Grail,” it is with a feeling of penitence for an
inherent apostasy which seems to overwhelm you. The glittering
satellites in the heavens cast their rays through the apertures of the
quaint old campanile, in whose lofty dome, the home of fluttering bats
and a staid old owl, tinkling bells for generations rang out at sunset
and early dawn, as the people sang their vespers and chanted the Ave

Inflamed with sudden passion you stand transfixed along the balustrade
with a mixed feeling of sublimity and dread, as if anticipating a
great pleasure fraught with dire results, when――hark! the faint though
ever-beautiful tones of the “Te Deum laudamus” vibrate softly on the
ear. Your peaceful tranquillity has been pleasantly disturbed, and you
gaze in ecstatic amazement toward the vestry as a graceful spectre
glides gently by. It is the “Choir Invisible.” You feel the fanning
zephyrs blowing, you are thrilled with emotion and delight, and, as
you depart from this phantasmagoria, you soliloquizingly ask, “Is
there any inviolable covenant this scene should strengthen?” _Varium
et mutabile semper femina._ “What’s the use?” you murmur, as you
spring into the vehicle and order the cochero to hurry the ponies. In
twenty minutes’ time you alight under the canopy of the entrance to
the Hotel “Oriente” in Manila, step on the “lift,” and soon find you
are amid the soothing strains of an orchestra and the sheltering palms
of the roof-garden, _tête à tête_ with your cheerful friends of the

       *     *     *     *     *

Though many thousand miles from home, the prospects of soon
fraternizing with friends in the United States brought cheer to the
soldiers. Disembarking from the cascoes at the Quartermaster-wharf in
Manila, the regiment marched along the beautiful Bayumbayan drive near
the old walled city, to the government pier, the point of embarkation.
As we bade Manila and its mystical orientalism a parting farewell, our
sea-going tugs ploughed the waters of Manila Bay, and ere long the
regiment had landed at the quarantine station Mariveles.

If there is a more isolated spot on the top of God’s green earth than
this resort is, my conception of hell is very vague. At one time the
rendezvous of Chinese pirates, Mariveles later became a Chinese
stockade. The Spaniards used it as an outpost. Here at night the
soldiers were cooped up like cattle, always welcoming the dawn, when
they could at least roam and breathe fresh air. Some distance in the
mountains, in the crater of an extinct volcano, a hot mineral spring
with an elegant outlet afforded splendid opportunities for bathing.
Swimming in the bay was also great pastime, and under the tutorage of
Captain Wells, who inaugurated a system of swimming drill, we found
considerable pleasure. His system was to execute, while swimming, the
same tactics as we did on foot; this was very funny and enjoyable

After spending two weeks insulated from civilization, during which
time we had undergone a process of fumigation, our transport, the
_Thomas_, hove in sight, and was soon moored to the wharf. Little time
was spent in storing our accoutrements of war on board. After each
company had been assigned to its quarters, the signal to cast loose
was given; we had at last commenced our homeward-bound voyage in

With the homeward-bound pennant flying in the breeze, the transport
steamed through the “Mona-Chica” into the China Sea headed for Japan.
The shrill click, click, of the wireless telegraph, receiving and
transmitting messages, continued throughout the voyage. Occasionally
excitement was caused by the sight of a whale; “There she blows!” and
you see off the port-side a monstrous species of the mammal genus
cruising and spouting like a Holland submarine. Schools of porpoises
are a daily sight on either side, while millions of flying-fish skirt
the billows off every quarter.

On the spar-deck of the transport could be heard: “Come on, fellows,
give us a bet; loosen up and take a chance; Steve Brodie did; when
this war is over we’ll start another; come, soldiers, get on the
field; double up; you’re sure to win some time.” About this time a
soldier, who has put some “dealer” to the bad, grabs the dice and
yells: “How much money have you got? I’ll tap your pile. Ninety
dollars! Throw the bones.” As this gamester skilfully manipulates the
dice which he rattles in his hand, and blows on for good luck, he
affectionately remarks, “Bones! don’t refuse me this time; you’ve been
good to me, old pals.” He rolls the dice and throws a ten. “Two to one
he don’t ten; I’ve got you covered,” is heard on the side lines;
another throw is made, a four this time, and bets are made on the
side, that he comes. In the parlance of the soldier, the “bones” are
talking friendly; as the dice roll over the green cloth for the third
time, a six and four turns up; “Ten she is!” he shouts, as lie tucks
away one hundred and eighty simoleons (a soldier’s word for money) and
exclaims, “Good old bones.”

“Two bits he comes”; this is the tantalizing epithet directed at a
fellow whose death-like form hangs over the taffrail a victim of

Games are numerous on an army transport, everything from “keno” to
“faro,” and this greatly breaks the monotony of the voyage. Every
evening the regimental band discourses music, and dancing is indulged
in. There are always plenty of girls who accompany the officers’
families as domestics (all colors, of course); these afford partners
for the soldiers, and maybe there isn’t some class to the “rag”;
everything goes, from the “barn-dance” to the “Frisco dip.”

A prize-fight is advertised between a “chocolate soldier” and a
“pale-face.” Every man in uniform buys a ticket, the returns from
which go to make up a purse for the winner. There are no Turkish baths
taken to reduce weight, no skipping the rope or punching the bag to
improve the respiratory organs; this was completed before leaving the
Philippines, by way of mountain “hikes” in heavy marching order, from
early morn till dewy eve, subsisting on an emergency ration, on which
you are guaranteed to exist for at least a while. Each soldier is so
confident in his prowess, that training is out of the question; each
imagines he will land a hook that will send his opponent to the arms
of Morpheus for the customary count. Steps are removed and a hatch is
battened and roped; as the time arrives for the combat, soldiers crowd
around the arena, hang from spars and davits, all eager to see the
“black” and “white” contest for superiority. The contestants arrive
with their seconds as the band strikes up a warm selection, the gloves
are slipped on, and the men take their corners. The referee is a man
who holds little value on life and must be able to fight himself. Time
is called. The men shake hands, then spar awhile for an opening. A
soldier cries, “Fake! why don’t they fight?” They now slam each other
to body and head; both are bleeding when the gong sounds. Round second
opens wild; they swing, hook, and duck, hammering away with one arm
free in the clinch; each man dances as he awaits a lead from his
opponent; both take their corners pretty much exhausted as the gong
sounds. The third round begins viciously, though each man cautiously
parries off the blows; both are fighting in good old military style,
when they clinch; in the break-away they mix things, and the pale
soldier drops to the mat as the crowd yell, “Foul! foul!” and he is
counted out. A little ammonia revives him, and he is awarded the
decision on a foul, though badly whipped by his dark opponent. “Can he
come back?” No one cares. The referee is the hope of the white race!

As the transport approaches the Island of Hondo, soldiers are seen
polishing their ornaments and buttons, pressing their uniforms, and
making general preparations for a visit in Nagasaki. The conversation
drifts to the way they are to spend their shore leave. “The first
thing I do is to visit the bazaar,” remarks a soldier; “I want to buy
a satsuma dinner set for my sister Peggy and a silk kimono for my
sweetheart, some lacquer ornaments inlaid with mother-of-pearl,
bronzes, and some silk.” “Well,” remarks another, “I am going to pick
out the prettiest silk sunshade in Nagasaki, some cashmere shawls, and
I guess a lace mantilla will suit Juana, my Creole friend in New
Orleans.” “What’s the matter with having a nice colored ‘dragon’ and a
‘Tycoon in a jinrickshaw’ tattooed on your arms? and don’t forget to
buy some amber cigar-smokers; there are beauties in Japan and very
cheap,” speaks a soldier who has been there. “The first thing I am
going to do,” another ejaculates, “is to hie me to a restaurant for a
good square dinner; a Japanese duck with all the trimmings will do,
with a bottle of ‘Rising Sun saki’ on the side.”

On arrival at Nagasaki, a fleet of Japanese war-vessels lay off our
port bow. After anchoring, preparations were made to give the boys
shore liberty; as we were to remain two days in this port, while the
natives coaled the ship, it was decided to let one-half of the
regiment go ashore each day.

“Japs” with sampans laden with curios and fruit surrounded the ship;
these were exchanged for money by the soldiers, and hauled aboard by
means of a rope and bucket.

The quarantine inspection in Japan is very rigid, which no doubt
accounts for the excellent health of the race and the sanitary
condition of the country.

As the call, “Lay aft, all the liberty party,” was piped by the
boatswain, soldiers riled down the gangway and boarded launches, tugs,
and sampans, and were at once conveyed to the “Land of the Rising
Sun,” tea-houses, and chrysanthemums.

On reaching the wharf hundreds of Japanese jinrickshaw-men were in
line, waiting to haul the Americans to any part of the city. Every
“rickshaw” on the beach was immediately engaged, and away we went
through the streets of Nagasaki, visiting bazaars, theatres, temples,
pagodas, museums, and tea-houses. An unfortunate thing happened to a
friend of mine while being hauled along the “Bund.” There were perhaps
forty “rickshaws” in line, each contesting for the lead, when on
turning a curve the “rickshaw” in front of mine broke down,
precipitating my friend into the dust. My man, being unable to stop,
ran over him, the wheel badly lacerating the whole side of his face.
Both “Japs” ran away to escape punishment, the fellow in the rear ran
into me, and there was a general spill along the whole line. It is
needless to say that walking was good for several hours after this

As our shore leave expired at 8 A.M., every fellow was getting the
best out of the hours that were speeding by, as he knew there would be
many monotonous days to spend on the Pacific Ocean before reaching

In tea-houses on the outskirts of the city, groups of soldiers sat and
watched the geisha-girls do the “serpentine” to the music of
“samisens,” their graceful forms presenting a novel spectacle, draped
in flowing silk kimonos, as seen through a veil of cigarette smoke.

Next morning when the roll was called aboard the transport, a large
percentage of the “liberty-party” was absent, and it became necessary
to send out a patrol to round up the soldiers. As a result of this
celebration, there were innumerable court-martials held _en route_ to
the Hawaiian Islands, with fines ranging from five to twenty-five

Our voyage across the Pacific was uneventful. The weather was
extremely calm, the horizon appearing as a circular brink of a
tremendous cataract, over which the surging billows thundered in
pensive solitude. An occasional albatross was sighted winging its
flight through the aerial regions. Under the leeward shrouds, groups
of soldiers congregated, spinning yarns or playing at cards, while
others on the windward side inhaled the health-giving ozone of the
salt-sea breeze. A Japanese mail-steamer, and several merchant marines
were sighted from our course, _en route_ to points in Australia and
the Orient.

Several hours before our arrival in Honolulu, it was whispered about
the deck that our shore privileges were to be restricted, and, sure
enough, the disappointment was realized, due, it was said, to those
who had overstayed their privileges in Japan. To be kept a prisoner in
Mariveles was bad enough, but to be prevented from mingling with the
throng in the “Garden of the Gods,” the “Paradise of the Pacific,”
Honolulu, was more than the boys could stand. As we entered the
harbor, dotted here and there with bell-buoys, fishing-smacks, yachts,
and vessels of the merchant marine, we saw the new naval station off
our port side, and the camp of the United States marines extending to
the coral reefs to starboard. From the spar deck we could gaze on the
beautiful city of Honolulu, with its white stone buildings bathed in
tropical luxuriance, and the contour of its mountainous inland
towering to the clouds. It was with a feeling of relief, as the vessel
moored to the wharf, that a chance could be taken on getting ashore.

The wharf was studded with people, mostly tourists and native venders,
though a large concourse of officers’ families had come to greet their
relatives. As the gangway was lowered, the band struck up an inspiring
air, and only those who have seen an American transport loaded with
soldiers returning home from that far-off jungle land, the Philippines
and Sulu, can form any conception of the passionate display of
enthusiasm manifested on these occasions.

Vendors of beautiful wreaths of flowers, curios, and succulent fruit
greet the visitor on all sides. These flower wreaths are worn around
the band of the hat and around the neck; they are a traditional
necessity, without which you are staged, in this city of the Pacific,
in a class by yourself.

Pineapples, pineapples, pineapples, everywhere you look; the most
delicious pineapples in the world come from Hawaii, the bulk of the
exportation to the United States being marketed along the Pacific

The shore privileges of the battalion being restricted, we had to be
content with taking observations from the taffrail. I had been to
Honolulu several times while in the navy, and had stopped here _en
route_ to the islands with the Twenty-ninth Infantry, so that I
naturally felt disappointed at my inability to go ashore,――so much, in
fact, that I decided to eradicate the feeling at the risk of a

Having anticipated making a social call, besides expecting mail
addressed to the Alexander Young Hotel, I was determined on getting
ashore, if it necessitated going down over the anchor-chains, as we
did in the navy when shore leave was not forthcoming, which, however,
would not be necessary in this case, as our ship was moored to the

On the strength of being a non-commissioned officer, I thought that
perhaps a diplomatic hand played judiciously might have some weight
with the colonel.

Investing myself in a fresh-laundried suit of war-clothes, with
carefully wound puttees, I approached without dismay headquarters, and
with the determination, if rebuffed, to await complacently the first
opportunity for smuggling myself ashore, when presently I heard my
name being called out near the gangway. Hastening in this direction, I
found a Hawaiian messenger with a note for me. Hastily tearing open
the envelope, the missive read as follows: “My dear Mr. A――――, We are
friends of your cousin May; call up 091 Aloho Lane immediately.” Had I
received my mail from Young’s Hotel, I would have understood the
message thoroughly; but, alas! it was Greek,――not too Greek, however.
Detaining the messenger, I sought the advice of the regimental
sergeant major, who informed me that it would be absolutely futile to
apply for shore leave, as a number of applications had been
disapproved. Feeling chagrined over my inability to comply with the
request in the message, I resorted, after considerable thought, to the
miserable subterfuge of denying my presence on board. Seeking the
assistance of Sergeant Allen, I dictated the following: “This message
was opened inadvertently; Mr. A――――has been detained in Japan; will be
through on a liner next month. (Signed) ALLEN.”

The boy departed (after I had tipped him on keeping his counsel),
leaving me meditating on how I was to get ashore.

My experience in the navy was helping me wonderfully, when something
occurred demanding immediate action, an unforeseen exigency in the
shape of another messenger. This time it was the first mate of the
transport _Thomas_, Mr. Worth, who, to add to my chain of humiliating
circumstances, informed me that three ladies were awaiting me on the
promenade deck, two of them Hawaiians, the third an American. They had
missed the messenger (thanks for his carelessness!). “For heaven’s
sake!” I exclaimed; “I am not on board, mate! I am in Japan.” “Oh,
they are wise; they have been talking to an officer, and he has sent
an orderly to find you; so come on up; they look good to me and they
are anxious to see you.” (Oh, if I only had that messenger, what I’d
do to him!) “Tell them I will be there in a moment,” I exclaimed, as I
went below for some letters a member of the crew had consented to

In a few moments I had scaled the ladder to the promenade deck, where
I met the jolliest trio of femininity it has been my pleasure to
commune with. They told me what great friends they were of my cousin,
of her writing them of my departure from the Philippines, of the
explanatory letter awaiting me at Young’s Hotel, and all about the big
touring-car awaiting us at the pier, et cetera. Two of these ladies
were perfect types of Hawaiian beauty, Vassar graduates, and members
of the obsolete nobility, the other a typical American girl, a
tourist, and daughter of a retired naval officer.

I was aware that my cousin had spent the previous winter in Honolulu,
and understood, from the message, that she had written her friends of
my home-coming _via_ the Hawaiian Islands on the transport _Thomas_,
so that an apology for my failure to comply with the request in the
message could hardly be avoided. So it became imperative that I
disclose the facts in connection with the deprivation of our shore
leave,――how we overstayed our liberty in Japan, and the denial of my
presence on board the transport. Being jolly good fellows, these
ladies considered this predicament a great joke, as they had visited
Japan, and I presume knew the irresistible fascinations of the
“Flowery Kingdom.” But that was neither here nor there: they had come
on board to take me ashore, and ashore I must go.

The people in question are warm friends of a particular friend of
mine, a globe-trotter (address, United States of America) whose
meteoric flights cover both hemispheres, and who arranges the
destinations of her itinerary in accordance with climatic conditions;
when not basking in the sunshine along the Riviera or under the
cocoa-palms of the tropics, she is shooting the rapids of the St.
Lawrence River or ascending the precipitous slopes of Mt. Washington.
This lady of rare accomplishments and precious jewels, whose benignity
of aspect is subordinate only to her delicate finesse, is related
paradoxically to the author, through a long chain of ancestry dating
back to the tenants of Paradise; we are therefore by mutual consent
known as cousins.

Through the courtesy of Mr. Worth, the privilege of his cabin was
extended; here the party was served with ice-cold “Three Star”
mineral-water, and here my departure from the ship was planned with
great success.

After escorting the ladies to the gang-plank, promising to write, and
bidding them a farewell, I repaired to my quarters, invested myself in
a civilian suit of white duck, and was lowered over the side of the
vessel into a steam-launch, which conveyed me to a point on the beach
where, leaving the launch, I joined the trio in a large limousine of
patrician elegance, for a spin over the famous Pali Drive. “That is
going some,” I remarked, as the machine sped on. “Yes, and then some,”
exclaimed the American girl. “Well, all is fair in love and war,”
ejaculated a dashing Hawaiian. “Well, well sprinkle this event with
romance,” added the other, laughingly. “‘Love and war’ sounds good. If
I am reported, I will quote that as my defence,” I replied. “Aloho
mie,” in an Hawaiian undertone, brings forth a peal of laughter as the
party catch the sense.

Our ride included the ever-beautiful Pali Drive, a magnificent
boulevard shaded by the bowery maze of the banyan-tree, a run to
Diamond Head Beach, a spin along Fort Street, the business section,
and the “King’s Highway.” After refreshments on the roof-garden of the
Alexander Young Hotel, where I received my mail, we drove to 091 Aloho
Lane, the home of these charming people; here, surrounded by tropical
luxuriance, wide porticoes, hammocks, and reclining wicker chairs, we
remained for the afternoon. During “tiffin” a victorolo rendered
elegant operatic selections, while suspended over the dining-table a
punka inspired a gentle breeze.

In the evening about sundown the party, having increased, journeyed to
Waikiki Beach, the popular bathing resort. Here, at the Moana Hotel,
we joined in a genuine native “luau,” heard “Sunny Chunna” sing her
famous compositions, and later joined in the merry whirl to the music
of the Hawaiian Band. Near this famous winter resort we journeyed into
a gayety hall, where a string of Hawaiian beauties, festooned in
garlands of flowers, performed the “Hulu Hulu” dance, rivalling in
vivaciousness the whirlwind contortions of our valiant Ruth St. Denis.

After a midnight lunch at the Hotel Moana, the party returned to the
city. A motor-boat conveyed me to the transport, which, fortunately,
was boarded without difficulty.

Next morning on board the transport I was the recipient of a basket of
delicious pineapples, and, as a memento of the enjoyable day, a
scarf-pin bearing the coat-of-arms of the Hawaiian Islands.

Honolulu, on the Island of Oahu, is the most beautiful section of the
earth I have visited; the climate varies little, and it can be more
properly termed a temperate clime than tropical, although tropical
vegetation is indigenous. Kilauea, on the eastern slope of Mauna Loa
mountain, is the loftiest and most active volcano in the world, its
crater being nine miles in circumference. Mauna Loa has an altitude of
nearly fourteen thousand feet and is covered with perpetual snow.

A few hours before the departure of the transport for “Frisco,” “Jack”
London, the writer, arrived in the harbor on the _Snark_, a
twenty-four foot schooner, in which he was making a tour of the globe.
As the ship cast loose from the pier, it was with a feeling of regret
that I had to leave this delightful country and such amiable people.
Wafting an Aloho to my friends and their country, we departed for the
American coast, passing _en route_, the second day out, an American
fleet of war-vessels. As the transport approached the city of the
“Golden Gate” in the darkness of the night, myriads of lights
glittered along the distant shore.

Steaming through the channel, we entered the bay in the break of the
early morning. Off the starboard side stood the grand old landmark the
Cliff House, overlooking the bay and city of San Francisco; on the
port side, Fort McDowell and the old Island prison, San Quentin. After
docking at the pier, relatives and friends of the soldiers were
permitted on board, shore leave was granted, and the boys roamed at
will through the city that had recently risen from a mass of ruins,
caused by the telluric flames that followed the dreadful earthquake of

Three days were pleasantly spent in “Frisco” ere the regiment departed
for the Atlantic coast in three sections, over the Santa Fé Railroad,
the First and Second battalions for Forts Porter and Niagara, N. Y.,
the Third battalion, non-commissioned staff, and band for Governor’s
Island, N. Y. Being a soldier of the Third battalion, the balance of
my enlistment was spent at this post in the capacity of record clerk
at headquarters of the Twenty-ninth Infantry.

Governor’s Island is a small island situated at the junction of the
East River and New York Bay. It is connected with Battery Park, near
South Ferry, by a government ferry-boat, which makes a trip between
the island and South Ferry every half-hour. The island was first
settled by the Dutch in 1614. When the English took New York in 1684,
they built Ft. Columbus, the present site of Ft. Jay. Castle William,
facing the harbor, was completed in 1810. It is used at present as a
military prison.

Besides the palatial residence of the commanding general of the
Department of the East, there are various buildings in which the
business of this department is transacted; also homes of the officers,
barracks of the soldiers, chapel, library, post exchange,
quartermaster’s supply depot, the officers’ club, and a museum
containing relics of wars dating back to the revolution. Here may be
seen in a large glass repository, in a state of preservation, the
noble steed fully equipped as it appeared when carrying General
Sheridan through the valley of the Shenandoah.

Corbin Hall, a pretentious building adjoining the old chapel and
facing the parade-ground, is the site of the officers’ club, and
contains a sumptuous ball-room, which is frequently the scene of
gorgeous military display. Through the courtesy of the Officers’ Club,
the use of this magnificent ball-room was tendered the Fort Jay Social
Club every Thursday evening, when mirth and good-fellowship reigned.
During my incumbency in office as secretary of this club, I found it
necessary to pass unfavorably on scores of written applications for
invitations to these affairs, due solely to the fact that, each member
of the club being allowed four invitations, it was impossible to
accommodate more than the prescribed quota. I mention this fact to
show the popularity of these dances, and in conjunction as a general
apology to those to whom invitations were not forthcoming.

These weekly dances had the true brass-button effect, strictly
military. The Twenty-ninth Infantry band furnished the music, the
grand-march being invariably led by Chaplain Smith of Governor’s
Island, accompanied by a budding debutante, blithe and fair; these
were followed by the gay and graceful belles of Gotham, each on the
arm of a stalwart soldier appearing at his best. During the
intermission refreshments were served in the communicating apartments.

The use of the ferry was cordially extended to the New York patrons of
the dance, who could step off the boat almost into the subway, where
an express could be had for all points in New York, Brooklyn, and
Jersey City.

The close proximity of Governor’s Island to the city bearing the
proverbial appellation “Gotham” affords excellent opportunity to the
soldiers for seeing the sights of a great metropolis. Every evening
soldiers in civilian attire leave the island, and on entering the
subway are soon lost sight of in this beehive of humanity. There are
few items in the calendar of joy which the soldier overlooks, for his
duty has been performed faithfully and he now seeks pleasure with
unrestrained ardor.

If perchance, at the close of a drama or burletta, you wander through
the “tenderloin” and casually stroll into “Maxim’s,” “Murray’s,” or
“Martin’s,” you are apt to see him _tête à tête_ with his sweetheart,
dining table-d’hôte; or hail a “taxi” and spin over to the Café
Boulevard, across to “Terrace Garden,” up to the “Haymarket,” down to
“Little Hungary,” or a variety of other amusement halls, and there you
will find him with bells on, in close communion with some favorite
chorus satellite, of perhaps the “Folies Bergere,” whose grace along
the “Rialto” brooks no competition, whose gowns and ostrich-plumes are
the envy of Parisian salons and the pride of “Redfern’s” modistes, and
whose long suite is the importance she attaches to her connoisseurship
of the best things in life. Yes, there he is attracted like the moth
to the flame.

During the summer evenings it is a most inspiring sight to witness the
lowering of the colors, drooping slowly with the trumpet’s notes of
retreat, as the regiment stands at parade-rest; the loud boom of the
sundown gun, followed by the band’s rendition of the Star-Spangled
Banner, and the regiment as it passes in review.

My enlistment having expired at Governor’s Island, March 2, 1910, I
was discharged from the army of the United States.


Transcriber’s Note:

Words and phrases in italics are surrounded by underscores, _like
this_. This book was written in a period when many words had not become
standardized in their spelling. Words may have multiple spelling
variations or inconsistent hyphenation in the text. Dialect, obsolete
words and misspellings were left unchanged.

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