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Title: In Exitu Israel, Volume 1 (of 2) - An Historical Novel
Author: Baring-Gould, S. (Sabine)
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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                          IN EXITU ISRAEL.

                     [Illustration: (Colophon)]

                           IN EXITU ISRAEL

                        _AN HISTORICAL NOVEL_


                        S. BARING-GOULD, M.A.

           Author of ‘_Curious Myths of the Middle Ages_,’
           ‘_Origin and Development of Religious Belief_,’
                 ‘_The Silver Store_,’ _&c._, _&c._

                               VOL. I

                          MACMILLAN AND CO.



                     PRINTERS TO THE UNIVERSITY.



                       THE MEMORY OF THE LATE





  PREFACE.                                                         vii
  CHAPTER I.                                                         1
  CHAPTER II.                                                       20
  CHAPTER III.                                                      34
  CHAPTER IV.                                                       51
  CHAPTER V.                                                        65
  CHAPTER VI.                                                       79
  CHAPTER VII.                                                      96
  CHAPTER VIII.                                                    110
  CHAPTER IX.                                                      122
  CHAPTER X.                                                       138
  CHAPTER XI.                                                      150
  CHAPTER XII.                                                     163
  CHAPTER XIII.                                                    179
  CHAPTER XIV.                                                     183
  CHAPTER XV.                                                      197
  CHAPTER XVI.                                                     210
  CHAPTER XVII.                                                    232
  CHAPTER XVIII.                                                   244
  CHAPTER XIX.                                                     260
  CHAPTER XX.                                                      275


There is a side to the History of the French Revolution which is too
generally overlooked--its ecclesiastical side.

Under the _ancien régime_, the disadvantages of an Establishment
produced a strong party of liberal Catholics prepared for a radical
change in the relations between Church and State.

It was this party which organized that remarkable Constitutional
Church, at once Republican and Catholic, which sustained Religion
through the Reign of Terror, and which Pope Pius VII and Napoleon I
combined to overthrow.

My object in writing this story is to illustrate the currents of
feeling in the State and Church of France in 1789, currents not
altogether unlike those now circulating in our own. It was my good
fortune, during a recent visit to Normandy, to collect materials for
a history of a representative character of that eventful period,--one
Thomas Lindet, parish priest of Bernay. In writing his story, I do
not present him to the reader as a model. He had great faults; but
one can forgive much on account of his enthusiastic love of justice,
and faith in his cause.

That my story may be taken to convey a moral, is possible. But let
me disclaim any intention of preaching a lesson to the aristocracy;
I believe that they do not need it. In France, the crown supported
the nobility; in England, the nobility support the crown. The
French aristocracy was a privileged class, exempt from the burden
of taxation. In England, the heaviest burden falls on the holders
of landed property. With us, the privileged class is that of the
manufacturer and trader. The French nobility never made common cause
with the people against the encroachments of the royal prerogative.
The English barons wrung Magna Charta from reluctant John. Henry VIII
would never have been able to consolidate the power in his despotic
hands, had not the civil wars of the Roses broken the strength of the
aristocracy. Since then the nobility have made the cause of right
and liberty their own, and a limited monarchy is the result.

The moral, if moral there must be, is this: In times when the
relations between Church and State are precarious, coercive measures
are certain to force on a rupture.

Of late, repression has been employed freely on a portion of the
community, and this has suddenly created a liberation party which
three years ago scarcely existed within the Church and the ranks of
the clergy.

The English curate is as much at the mercy of the Bishop as was, and
is still, the French curé; and this he has been made painfully aware

In the Wesleyan revival, a body of earnest men who moved for a
relaxation of the icy bonds of Establishmentarianism were thrust
forth into schism. The first Tractarians were driven to Rome by the
hardness of their spiritual rulers. At present, a party, peculiarly
narrow, and rapidly dying, by means of a packed Privy Council, are
engaged in hunting out and repressing the most active section of the

Worship is the language of conviction. To a large and rapidly
increasing body of Anglicans, Christ is not, as He is to Protestants,
a mere historical personage, the founder of Christianity, but is the
centre of a religious system, the ever-present object of adoration
for His people. A passionate love of Christ has floreated into
splendour of worship. To curtail liberty of worship is to touch the
rights of conscience; and to interfere with them has ever led to
disastrous consequences--such is the verdict of History.

A feverish eagerness to dissever Church and State has broken out
among clergy and laity, and a schism would be the result, were the
chain uniting Church and State indissoluble; but, as events of late
years have made it clear, that with a little concerted energy the
old rust-eaten links can be snapped, there will be no schism, but a
united effort will be made by a body of resolute spirits within the
Church to tear asunder crown and mitre. The disestablishment of the
English Church will present a future absent from that of the Irish
Church. In the latter case, there was an unanimous opposition to the
measure by all within it; but, in the event of the severance of the
union in England, it will take place amid the joyous acclamations of
no inconsiderable section of its best and truest sons.

If, from the following pages, it appears that my sympathies are with
the National Assembly, and those who upset the _ancien régime_, it
does not follow that they are with the Revolution in its excesses.
The true principles of the Revolution are embodied in the famous
Declaration of the Rights of Man. ‘Write at the head of that
Declaration the name of God’ said Grégoire; ‘or you establish rights
without duties, which is but another thing for proclaiming force to
be supreme.’ The Assembly refused. Grégoire was right.

Robespierre, Danton, and his clique made force supreme--as supreme as
in the days of the Monarchy, and trampled on the rights, to protect
which they had been raised into power.

A Republic is one thing: the despotism of an Autocracy or of a
Democracy is another thing.

I propose following up this historical romance by a life of the Abbé
Grégoire, which will illustrate the position of the Constitutional
Church, of which he was the soul.

I have chosen the form of fiction for this sketch, as it best enables
me to exhibit the state of feeling in France in 1788 and 1789. That
is no fiction; the incidents related and the characters introduced
are, for the most part, true to History.

                                                              S. B-G.

       _March 25th, 1870_.

                          IN EXITU ISRAEL.

                             CHAPTER I.

The forests that at the present day cover such a considerable portion
of the department of Eure, and which supply the great manufacturing
cities on the Seine with fuel, were of much greater extent in the
eighteenth century. The fragments of forest which now extend from
Montfort to Breteuil were then united, and stretched in one almost
unbroken green zone from the Seine to the Arve, following the course
of the little river Rille. A spur struck off at Serquigny, and traced
the confluent Charentonne upwards as far as Broglie.

The little town of Bernay is no longer hemmed in by woods. The
heights and the valley of the Charentonne are still well timbered,
and green with copse and grove; the landscape is park-like; here and
there a fine old oak with rugged bark and expanded arms proclaims
itself a relic of the _ancien régime_; but the upstart poplars
whitening in the wind along the river course spire above these
venerable trees. The roads lie between wheat and potato fields, and
the names of hamlets, such as Bosc, Le Taillis, Le Buisson, Bocage,
La Couture, &c., alone proclaim that once they lay embedded in forest

On the eve of the Great French Revolution, Bernay was a manufacturing
town, that had gradually sprung up during the middle ages, around
the walls of the great Benedictine Abbey which the Duchess Judith
of Brittany had founded in 1013, and endowed with nearly all the
surrounding forest. The town was unhealthy. It lay in a hollow, and
the monks had dammed up the little stream Cogney, which there met the
Charentonne, to turn their mill wheel, and had converted a portion
of the valley into a marsh, in which the frogs croaked loudly and

When the abbot was resident, the townsfolk were required to beat the
rushes and silence the noisy reptiles every summer night; but now
that the Superior resided at Dax, this requirement was not pressed.

After a heavy downfall of rain, the rivulet was wanting to swell
into a torrent, overflow the dam, and flood the streets of Bernay,
carrying with it such an amount of peat that every house into which
the water penetrated was left, after its retreat, plastered with
black soil, and, in spring, smeared with frog-spawn.

The mill was privileged. No other was permitted in the neighborhood.
When M. Chauvin erected a windmill on the hill of Bouffey, the monks
brought an action against him, and made him dismantle it. All the
corn that grew within five miles was ground at the Abbey mill, and
every tenth bag was taken by the Fathers in payment for grinding the
corn indifferently and at their leisure. At certain seasons, more
wheat was brought to the mill than the mill could grind, because the
water had run short, or the stones were out of repair, consequently
many thousands of hungry people had to wait in patience till the
Cogney filled, or till the mill-stones had been re-picked, whilst the
gutted windmill of M. Chauvin stood in compulsory inaction.

The great and little tithes of Bernay went to the Abbey; and out
of them the monks defrayed the expense of a curate for the parish
church of S. Cross. This church had been built by the town in 1372,
by permission of the Abbey, on condition that the parish should bear
the charge of its erection, and the abbot should appoint the curate;
that the parish should be responsible for the repair of the fabric
and the conduct of divine service, and that the Abbey should pay to
the incumbent the _portion congrue_ of the tithes. The incumbent of
Bernay was, throughout the middle ages and down to the suppression of
the monastery, a salaried curate only, without independent position,
and receiving from the Abbey a sum which amounts in modern English
money to about fifty pounds, and out of this he was required to
pay at least two curates or _vicaires_. This sorry pittance would
have been miserable enough, had the curé been provided with a
parsonage-house rent free; but with this the Abbey did not furnish
him, and he was obliged to lodge where he could, and live as best he
could on the crumbs that fell from the abbot’s table.

The parishioners of Bernay had made several attempts to free their
church from its dependence, but in vain. The monks refused to cede
their rights, and every lawsuit in which the town engaged with them
terminated disastrously for the citizens. The people of Bernay
were severely taxed. Beside the intolerable burdens imposed on
them by the State, they paid tithes on all they possessed to the
monks, who assessed them as they thought proper, and against whose
assessment there was no appeal, as the abbot of Bernay exercised
legal jurisdiction in the place, and every question affecting
ecclesiastical dues was heard in his own court. The corn was tithed
in the field, and tithed again at the mill. The Abbey had rights of
_corvée_, that is, of claiming so many days’ work from every man in
the place, and on its farms, free of expense. The townsfolk, who were
above the rank of day labourers, escaped the humiliation only by
paying men out of their own pockets, to take their places and work
for the Fathers.

It was hard for the citizens, after having been thus taxed by the
Church, to have to expend additional money to provide themselves with
religious privileges. Bernay might have been a far more prosperous
town but for the Abbey, which, like a huge tumour, ate up the
strength and resources of the place, and gave nothing in return.

The Abbey was also _en commende_; in other words, it was a donative
of the Crown. Whom he would, the king made superior of the monks of
S. Benedict at Bernay,--superior only in name, and for the purpose
of drawing its revenues, for he was not a monk, nor indeed was he in
other than minor orders. Louis XV, whose eye for beauty was satisfied
with a Du Barry, having been fascinated by the plump charms of Madame
Poudens, wife of a rich jeweler at Versailles, attempted to seduce
her. The lady estimated her virtue at a rich abbey, and finally
parted with it for that of Bernay, which was made over _in commendam_
to a son, whether by Poudens or Louis was not clearly known, but who,
at the age of seven, in defiance of the concordat of Francis I with
the Pope, was made abbé of Bernay, father superior of Benedictine
monks, and entitled to draw an income of fifty-seven thousand livres
per annum, left by Duchess Judith to God and the poor. The case was
by no means uncommon, Charles of Valois, bastard of Charles IX and
Marie Fouchet, at the age of thirteen was invested with the revenues
of Chaise-Dieu, and Henry IV bartered an abbey for a mistress.

Thomas Lindet was curé of S. Cross.

The introduction of the power loom from England had produced much
want and discontent in Normandy, and in Bernay many hands were thrown
out of work. The sickness and famine which had periodically afflicted
that town of late years became permanent, and the poor priest was
condemned to minister in the presence of want and disease, without
the power of alleviating either, whilst the revenues of the Church
were drained to fill the purse of the non-resident abbé, and by him
to be squandered on luxuries and vanities.

Lindet had more than once expressed his opinion upon the abuses
regnant in the Church. In 1781, in a discourse addressed by him to
the general assembly of his parish, he had said:--‘We desire that
justice should be brought to bear upon these abuses, which outrage
common sense and common right, at once. But is there any hope in the
future of an accomplishment of our desires? At present, all is dark;
but never let us despair. We groan under oppression. But be sure
of this,--wrong-doing revenges itself in the long run. We wish to
abolish the intolerable privileges which burden some, that others may
trip lightly through life. Alas! the privileged classes are jealous
of our jealousy of them. They scarce permit us to pray the advent of
a rectification of abuses, which will prove as glorious to religion
as it will prove beneficial to society. Who will put salt upon the
leeches, and make them disgorge the blood of the poor?’

For having used this language the curé had been severely reprimanded
by his bishop; for bishops were then, as they are frequently now, the
champions of abuses.

At the present date, Lindet was again in trouble with his diocesan.
For three days in succession the sanctuary lamp in his church had
remained unlighted. The reason was, that the curé’s cruse of oil was
empty; and not the cruse only, but his purse as well. He had neither
oil by him, nor money wherewith to buy any; the lamp therefore
remained dark. Lindet hoped that some of his parishioners would come
forward, and furnish the sacramental light with a supply of oil, and
this eventually took place; but, in the meantime, three days and
nights of violation of the rubric had elapsed. The _officiel_ or
inquisitor of the bishop heard of this, and called on Thomas Lindet,
the day before the opening of this tale, to inform him that it was at
his option to pay down twenty-five livres for the misdemeanour, or to
be thrown into the ecclesiastical court.

Under the _ancien régime_, a large portion of a bishop’s revenues was
derived from ecclesiastical fines imposed by his court, and into this
court cases of immorality, heresy and sacrilege among the laity, and
of infringement of rubrical exactness, and breach of discipline among
the clergy, were brought. As the prosecutor was also virtually the
judge, it may be supposed that judgment was usually given against the
defendant, who might appeal to the archbishop, or from him to the
pope,--all interested judges, but who was debarred from carrying his
wrong before a secular tribunal.

The sun was declining behind the pines, and was painting with saffron
the boles of the trees, and striping with orange and purple the
forest paths, as Thomas Lindet prepared to part from his friend Jean
Lebertre, curé of the pilgrimage shrine of Notre Dame de la Couture,
at the brow of the hill where the path to the Couture forked off from
the main road to Bernay. At this point the trees fell away towards
the valley, and the shrine was visible, lit in the last lights of
evening which turned the grey stone walls into walls of gold.

La Couture is a singularly picturesque church, with lofty choir
rising high above the nave roof, and with numerous chapels clustered
about the chancel apse. The spire of lead with pinnacled turrets, in
that setting glare, seemed a pyramid of flames.

The priest of Bernay was a tall thin man of forty-five, with
colourless face, sunken cheeks, and restless, very brilliant eyes.
His face, though far from handsome, was interesting and attractive.
It beamed with intelligence and earnestness. His long hair,
flowing to his shoulders, was grizzled with care rather than with
age,--the care inseparable from poverty, and that arising from the
responsibilities attending on the charge of a number of souls. His
brow was slightly retreating and wanted breadth, his cheek-bones
were high. The nose and mouth were well moulded, the latter was
peculiarly delicate and flexible. The thin lips were full of
expression, and trembled with every emotion of the heart.

Lindet’s hands were also singularly beautiful--they were narrow and
small; a lady would have envied the taper fingers and well-shaped
nails. Malicious people declared that the priest was conscious of
the perfection of his hands, and that he took pains to exhibit it;
but this was most untrue. No man was more free from vanity, and had
a greater contempt for it, than Thomas Lindet. He had contracted
a habit of using his right hand whilst speaking, in giving force
to his words by gesture, and whilst thinking, in plucking at the
cassock-buttons on his breast, but this trick was symptomatic of a
highly-strung nervous temperament, and was in no degree attributable
to personal vanity.

Lebertre was somewhat of a contrast to Lindet. He was a middle-sized,
well-built man, with a face of an olive hue, hazel eyes, large,
as earnest as those of his friend, but not like them in their
restlessness; they were deep, calm wells, which seemed incapable of
being ruffled by anger, or clouded with envy. His black hair was
flowing and glossy, without a speck in it of grey. ‘I would not do
so,’ said he, holding Lindet’s arm; ‘you should bear meekly, and
suffer patiently.’

‘Bear and suffer!’ repeated the curé of S. Cross, his eyes lightening
and his lips quivering; ‘True. “Suffering is the badge of all our
tribe.” What the English poet puts into the mouth of a Jew is a motto
meet for a French curé. But, my brother, tell me--are not wrongs and
sufferings crushing us, destroying our self-reliance, ruining our
independence, and obliterating our self-respect? How can a priest be
respected by his flock when he does not respect himself; and how can
he respect himself when he is trodden like dirt under the feet of his
spiritual superiors?’

‘Bearing wrongs and suffering injustice without a murmur is the badge
of a Christian; above all, of a priest. He who suffers and endures
uncomplainingly is certain to obtain respect and reverence.’

‘A pretty world this has become,’ exclaimed Lindet; ‘the poor are
ground to powder, and at each turn of the wheel we are bidden preach
them Christian submission. They look around, and see everywhere
labour taxed, and idleness go free. Toil then like a Christian, and
pay, pay, pay, that the king may make fountains for his garden, the
nobles may stake high at cards, and the bishops and canons may salary
expensive cooks. Say the little farmer has a hundred francs. Out of
this he is obliged to pay twenty-five for the taille, sixteen for
the accessories, fifteen for his capitation, eleven for tithe. What
remains to him for the support of his family, after he has paid his
rent? Truly of this world may be said what is said of hell: “_Nullus
ordo, sempiternus horror inhabitat_”’

Lebertre did not answer. With the steadfastness of purpose that was
his characteristic, he returned to his point, and refused to be led
into digression by his vehement and volatile companion. ‘You must not
go to Évreux, as you propose,’ he said.

‘I shall go to the bishop,’ returned Lindet; ‘and I shall give him
the money into his hand. I shall have the joy, the satisfaction, may
be, of seeing, for once in my life, a bishop’s cheek burn with shame.’

‘Is this a Christian temper?’

‘Is it the part of a Christian bishop to consume his clergy with
exactions and with persecutions, and to torture them with insults?
Our bishop neglects his diocese. He receives some four hundred and
fifty thousand livres per annum, and can only visit Bernay, with five
thousand souls in it, once in three years, to confirm the young and
to meet the clergy. When he comes amongst us on these rare occasions
he takes up his abode at the Abbey, and receives us, the priests who
seek advice and assistance, at a formal interview of ten minutes,
into which we must condense our complaints; and then we are dismissed
without sympathy and without redress.’

Lindet took a few steps along the path to La Couture. ‘I will
accompany you, Jean,’ he said; ‘and I will tell you how I was treated
when last I had access to Monseigneur. He sat at a little table;
on it was a newspaper and a hand-bell, and his large gold watch.
He signed to me to stand before him; I did so, holding my hands
behind my back like a boy who is about to be scolded. He asked me
some trifling question about my health, which I did not answer. I
could not afford to waste one out of my ten minutes thus; so I broke
out into an account of our troubles here. I told him there was no
school for the children; that I had no parsonage house. God knows! I
would teach the poor children myself if they could be crowded into
my garret, but the good woman with whom I lodge will not permit
it. I told him of the want and misery here, of the exactions under
which the poor are bowed. I spoke to him of the hollow-eyed hungry
workmen, and of the women hugging their starving babes to their empty
breasts.’ The priest stopped, gasping for an instant, his trembling
white hand working in the air, and expressing his agitation with mute
eloquence. ‘All the while I talked, his eye was on the newspaper; I
saw that he was reading, and was not attending to me. What he read
was an account of a fête at Versailles, from which, alas! he was
absent. Then he touched his bell. “Your time is up,” he said; and I
was bowed out.’

‘You forget that the time of a prelate is precious.’

‘I grant you that,’ answered Lindet, with quivering voice; ‘too
precious to be spent amidst a crowd of lackeys in dancing attendance
on royalty; too precious to be wasted on fêtes and dinners to all
the lordlings that Monseigneur can gather about his table in the
hopes that they may shed some lustre on his own new-fledged nobility.’

‘I will not hear you, my friend,’ said Lebertre, turning from him;
‘you are too bitter, too vindictive. You would tear our bishops from
their seats, and strip them of their purple.’

‘Of their purple and fine linen and sumptuous faring every day, that
Lazarus may be clothed and fed!’ interrupted Lindet, passionately.

‘You would abolish the episcopacy and convert the Church to
presbyterianism,’ said the curé of La Couture with a slight tone of

‘Never,’ answered the priest of S. Cross; his voice instantly
becoming calm, and acquiring a depth and musical tone like that in
which he was wont to chant. ‘No, Lebertre, never. I would preserve
the ancient constitution of the Church, but I would divest it of all
its State-given position and pomp. I would have our bishops to be our
pastors and overseers, and not our lords and tyrants. I reverence
authority, but I abhor autocracy. David went forth in the might of
God to fight the Philistine; Saul lent him his gilded armour, but the
shepherd put it off him--he could not go in that cumbrous painted
harness. With his shepherd’s staff and sling he slew the giant. Woe
be it! the Church has donned the golden armour wherewith royalty has
invested her, and crushed beneath the weight, it lies prostrate at
the feet of the enemy.’

Lindet walked on fast, weaving his fingers together and then shaking
them apart.

‘But let me continue what I had to tell you of the bishop’s visit
here,’ he said. ‘I was walking down the Rue des Jardins an hour after
my reception, with my head sunk on my bosom, and--I am not ashamed
to add--with my tears flowing. I wept, for I was humbled myself,
and ashamed for the Church. Then suddenly I felt a sting across my
shoulders, as I heard a shout. I started from my reverie to find
myself almost under the feet of the horses of a magnificent carriage
with postilions and outriders in livery, that dashed past in a cloud
of dust. I stood aside and saw my bishop roll by in conversation
with M. Berthier, laughing like a fool. My shoulders tingled for an
hour with the lash of the post-boy’s whip, but the wound cut that
day into my heart is quivering and bleeding still.’ As he spoke, he
and his friend came suddenly upon a wayside crucifix which had been
erected at the confines of the parish as a station for pilgrims, in a
patch of clearing. The pines rose as a purple wall behind it, but the
setting sun bathed the figure of the Saviour in light, and turned to
scarlet the mat of crimson pinks which had rooted themselves in the

Lebertre pressed the hand of his agitated companion, and pointed up
at the Christ, whilst an expression of faith and devotion brightened
his own countenance. He designed to lead the thoughts of Lindet to
the great Exemplar of patient suffering, but the curé of S. Cross
mistook his meaning. He stood as one transfixed, before the tall
gaunt crucifix, looking up at the illumined figure. Then, extending
his arms, he cried, ‘Oh Jesus Christ! truly Thou wast martyred by
the bishops and aristocrats of Thy day; smitten, insulted, condemned
to death by Annas and Caiaphas, the high priests, and by Pilate, the
imperial governor. Verily, Thy body the Church bleeds at the present
day, sentenced and tortured by their successors in Church and State.’

Before the words had escaped his lips, a cry, piercing and full of
agony, thrilled through the forest.

Lindet and Lebertre held their breath. In another instant, from
a footpath over which the bushes closed, burst a peasant girl,
parting the branches, and darting to the crucifix, she flung herself
before it, clasping her arms around the trunk, and in so doing
overturning a flower-basket on her arm, and strewing the pedestal and
kneeling-bench with bunches of roses.

She was followed closely by a large man, richly dressed, who sprang
towards her, cast his arms round her waist, and attempted to drag
her from her hold. ‘Sacré! you sweet little wench. If persuasion and
flattery fail, why, force must succeed.’ And he wrenched one of her
bare brown arms from the cross. She cast a despairing look upward
at the thorn-crowned head which bowed over her and the seducer, and
uttered another piteous wail for help.

At the same moment, the sun passed behind some bars of fog on the
horizon, and the light it flung changed instantly from yellow to
blood-red. The figure of the Christ was a miserable work of art, of
the offensive style prevalent at the period, contorted with pain,
the face drawn, and studded with huge clots of blood. In the scarlet
light it shone down on those below as though it were carved out of
flame, and menaced wrathfully.

The girl still clung to the cross with one arm. She was dressed in a
short blue woollen skirt that left unimpeded her ankles and feet, a
black bodice laced in front, exposing the coarse linen sleeves and
shift gathered over the bosom about the throat. Her white frilled
Normandy cap, with its broad flaps, was disturbed, and some locks of
raven hair fell from beneath it over her slender polished neck. The
oval sun-browned face was exquisitely beautiful. The large dark eyes
were distended with terror, and the lips were parted.

‘Mon Dieu! do you think that those frail arms can battle with mine?’
asked the pursuer with mocking composure, as he drew the other arm
from the stem of the cross, and holding both at the wrists, pressed
them back at the girl’s side so as to force her to face him.

‘Look at me,’ he said, in the same bantering tone; ‘can your
pestilent little village produce so wealthy and promising a lover as
me? Your Jacques and Jeans have but a few liards in their purses, and
can only offer you a pinchbeck ring; but I’--he disengaged one hand,
whilst he felt in his pocket and produced a purse; ‘whilst I--Ha!
listen to the chink, chink, chink! You do not know the language of
money, do you? Well, I will interpret; chink, chink--that means silk
dresses, satin shoes, dainty meats, and sweet bonbons. Now then!’ he
exclaimed, as she made a struggle to escape.

‘Now then,’ repeated Thomas Lindet, who, quick as thought, strode
between the man and his prey. He released the child; and placing her
beside him, with a lip that curled with scorn, he removed his huge
shovel hat, and bowing almost double, with a sweep of the hat, said,
‘M. Berthier! the little one and I bid you good evening!’

Then he drew back, extending his arm and hat as an ægis over the girl.

The gentleman stood as if petrified, and looked at them. He was a
tall man, largely made, very big-boned, with his hair powdered and
fastened behind by a black silk bow. His face was closely shaven,
the nose short, the upper lip very long and arched. But the most
conspicuous feature of his face were his eyes, set in red and raw
sockets. As he stood and looked at the priest, he mechanically drew
a handkerchief from his pocket, and proceeded with a corner of it to
wipe the tender lids.

His coat was of maroon velvet edged and frogged with gold braid, his
waistcoat was of white satin, and his hat was three-cornered and
covered with lace. He wore a rapier at his side; and he was evidently
a man of distinction.

‘Come, Lebertre, my friend,’ said Lindet, cheerfully, without taking
any more notice of the gentleman; ‘I will accompany you and help to
protect this damsel.’ The girl had lost one of her sabots, but in the
excess of her fear she walked along unconscious of her loss. The curé
of La Couture strode on one side of her, and the priest of Bernay
paced on the other, supporting her with their hands, for her limbs
shook with agitation, and, if unassisted, she would have fallen.

‘I know her,’ said Lebertre to his friend, ‘she is little Gabrielle
André, and lives down by the river with her father, who is a farmer
of the Abbey.’

Lindet looked across at his companion, with a glad light dancing in
his eyes, and raising one hand heavenwards he exclaimed: ‘Did I not
say that the Church in all her members suffers and bleeds? Would,
dear friend, that, as we have rescued this poor child out of the
hands of a betrayer, we might also rescue the poor Church from her

Lebertre did not answer; but after a while he said solemnly, and with
an air of deep conviction: ‘Lindet! did you mark how, at the cry of
the child, the head of the Christ shook and frowned?’

                             CHAPTER II.

The Charentonne in its meanderings forms a number of islets. The
stream is in itself inconsiderable, but it spreads itself through its
shallow valley like a tangled skein, and cuts up the meadows with
threads of water easily crossed on plank-bridges.

Much of the land in the bottom is marsh, into which a rill dives and
disappears, but other portions are firm alluvial soil, producing rich
crops of grass, flax, and here and there patches of corn.

On one of these islands, if islands they may be called, above the
hamlet of La Couture, stood a cottage, in style resembling those we
meet with in the southern counties of England, constructed of black
timber and white plaster, and thatched. To the south, at its back,
lay a dense growth of willow and poplar, screening the house from the
sun, and giving it in winter a moist and mouldy appearance, but in
summer one cool and refreshing. A considerable flower-garden occupied
the front of the cottage, filled with superb roses, white, yellow,
and red. Tall white and scarlet lilies leaned against the house,
whose thatch was golden with house-leek, so that in the flower season
the Isle des Hirondelles attracted the admiration of all who passed
along the road to Ferrières.

In this cottage lived Matthias André, father of Gabrielle, whom the
two priests are conducting across the foot-bridge towards him.

He was cleaning out the cow-house as they approached, littering
fresh straw in the stall from which he had forked the manure. He
was a middle-sized man, clad in knee-breeches and blue worsted
half-stockings that covered the calves, but were cut short at the
ankles. His sabots, which shod his otherwise bare feet, were stained
and clotted with soil. His coarse linen shirt was open at the throat,
exposing his hairy breast, and the sleeves were rolled to the elbows,
so as to give free play to his brown muscular arms. A large felt
hat, out of which the sun had extracted the colour, lay on the bench
before the door, and his head was covered with a blue knitted conical
cap, the peak and tassel of which hung over his right ear.

Labour and exposure had bronzed and corrugated the features of
Matthias, oppression and want had stamped on them an expression of
sullen despair. His brow was invariably knit, and his eyes were
permanently depressed. He muttered to himself as he worked: he never
sang, for his heart was never light. How can the heart be light that
is weighed down, and galled with chains? The life of the peasant
before the French Revolution was the life of a slave; he could not
laugh, he could not even smile, for he had to struggle for bare
existence with exactions which strangled him. He and his sons were
like Laocoon and his children in the coils of the serpent that was
laced round their limbs, that breathed poison into their lungs, and
sucked the lifeblood from their hearts; and that serpent was the
_Ancien Régime_.

Louis VI had enfranchised the serfs on the royal domain, and the
nobles, after his example, gradually released theirs, finding that
the peasant, with liberty and hope, worked better than the slave,
and made the land more valuable. To them they sold or rented some of
their acres. In 1315 appeared the order of Louis X, requiring all the
nobles to emancipate their serfs, because ‘every man should be born
free; therefore let the lords who have rights over the persons of
men, take example from us, and bring all to freedom.’

The nobles, determined by their interest, obeyed; but down to 1789
serfs remained in France;--it was from the hands of the Church
that the Revolution liberated them. To the last, the canons of the
Cathedral of S. Claude, in Franche-Comté, refused to emancipate their
slaves from the feudal right of _main morte_, which placed human
beings, ransomed by the blood of Christ, on a level with the cattle.
In Jura there were as many as ten thousand; but in Normandy serfage
had disappeared in the thirteenth century. The serf became a small
farmer, and free;--but at what price? The land was his on condition
of paying a rent. Charges also, _real_, that is, paid in money or in
fruits, and _personal_, that is, acquitted by service rendered free
of expense to the landlord, weighed on the agriculturist.

The imposts which oppressed him were these:--First, the _Taille_ or
tax. Of this there were two kinds, the _taux_ and the _taillon_.
From these taxes the nobles and the churchmen were exempt. Of nobles
there were in France some 83,000, and of churchmen some 200,000. The
capitation was an impost direct and personal, which touched all.
Calculated upon the presumed value of land and property which was
taxable, it was arbitrary, and those who had access to, and credit
with, the officers of comptrol, were lightly rated, whilst those
without interest were obliged to pay according to an exaggerated
estimate. By a succession of injustices, also, the capitation of some
was fixed, whilst that of others varied. The duty of tenth was levied
nominally on all; but nobles and ecclesiastics were privileged, and
paid nothing on their woods, meadows, vines, and ponds, nor on arable
land belonging to the home farm.

The _Corvée_, also, weighed only on the peasant. The name, according
to etymologists, indicates the posture of a man bowed at the hardest
labour. He who was amenable to the _corvée_ was required to work
himself, and make his horses and oxen work, for his landlord and for
government. By this means the roads and other public works were kept
in repair.

Two grand sources of public revenue were the _Gabelle_ and the
_Excise_. The gabelle, or monopoly of salt, pressed upon the peasant
in two ways. The father of the family, obliged to pay for salt which
he needed a price fifty times its value, was also required, under
pain of imprisonment, to purchase a certain amount, determined by
the clerks, and fixed according to the presumed consumption of his
family. If he failed to purchase the requisite amount, or if he was
suspected of being in possession of contraband goods, at any time of
the day his house might be invaded by the officers of the Excise, and
its contents examined.

The feudal rights to grinding the corn, and pressing the grapes and
apples, were also grievous restrictions on the liberty of the farmer
and peasant. His landlord might imprison him for crushing the wheat
he grew in a hand-quern, and for squeezing enough apples to fill a
bottle with cider.

The _Champart_ was another feudal right. The farmer was bound to
yield to his lord not only a share of his harvest, but also he was
not permitted to reap and garner his own corn till the portion due to
the proprietor had been removed from his field. In addition to all
these burdens came the _Tithe_; wheat, barley, rye, and oats were at
first alone tithable. But the conversion of arable land into pasture
and into fields of lucerne, sanfoin, and clover, to escape this tax,
affected the income of the clergy, and they claimed the right of
taking the tenth of cattle and of tithing wool. Nobles and roturiers
resisted this claim, and numerous law-suits were the result,--suits
rendered so expensive by the corruptions existing in courts of
justice, that the vast majority of sufferers paid the tenth of their
goods to the clergy rather than risk all to the lawyers.

Matthias André removed his blue cap to the curés as they approached.
He bore them no grudge,--they were fellow-sufferers; but he was wont
to grind his teeth as the nobleman or the provost drove by, and he
would curse the monk who came to exact the convent dues.

‘Good evening to you, neighbour André,’ said Jean Lebertre; ‘we have
brought you your daughter. She is a little upset, frightened by the
impertinence of a--well, of a gentleman.’

‘Of a rascal,’ interrupted Lindet.

‘She shall tell you the story,’ said the priest of La Couture,
thrusting the girl forward; ‘she can do so better than I; all I know
of it is, that my friend here rescued her from a gentleman who was
treating her with insolence.’

‘How was it, child?’ asked Matthias, casting his fork from him with
such violence that it stuck into the soil and remained upright.

Gabrielle moved towards the seat.

‘Yes, sit down,’ said Lebertre; ‘poor child, you are greatly

Gabrielle sank upon the bench. She still trembled in all her limbs.
Removing her white cap, which was disarranged, her beautiful dark
hair fell in waves down her back and touched the seat she occupied.
The fear which had distended her eyes had now deserted them, and the
irises recovered their usual soft and dewy light. The peachy colour
also returned to cheeks that had been blanched, but the delicate rosy
lips still quivered with excitement. Clasping her hands on her lap,
and shaking the locks from her temples, she looked up beseechingly at
her father, and said, in gentle entreaty,--

‘My father! Let me not go to the château again.’

‘Tell me what took place.’

‘It was M. Berthier, my father. You know how I have feared him. Why
did you send me to the château?’

‘Go on, child.’

She suddenly clasped her hands over her brow, threw her head forward,
and resting her elbows on her lap, said:--‘Promise me! I am not to go
near that place again.’

‘Is time so common an article that I can afford to waste it thus?’
exclaimed André. ‘Go on with your story, or I shall return to
littering the cow-stall.’

‘My father!’


‘I am not to go there again!’

With a curse the peasant flung himself towards his fork, tore it
out of the ground, and recommenced his work. He continued carrying
into the cow-shed bundles of straw and spreading them, with apparent
forgetfulness of his daughter, and indifference to her trouble. She
remained with her head in her hands, crying. Lebertre spoke to her,
but her grief had now obtained the mastery over her, and she could
not answer him.

‘Let her cry herself out,’ said Lindet.

After the first paroxysm was over, she sprang up, ran to her father,
cast her arms about him, and placing her chin upon his breast, looked
up into his eyes. This was an old trick of hers. Matthias never
looked any one in the face, and when his daughter wished to meet his
gaze, she acted thus.

‘I will tell you all now,’ she said. ‘Come, sit by me on the bench.’

‘I have no time at present,’ he answered, sullenly. ‘Besides, I can
guess a great deal.’

‘You shall listen to me,’ said the girl; ‘I will not let you go till
you have heard everything.’

She removed the manure-fork from his hand, and led him to the door
of the cow-shed. He would not go farther, he would not seat himself
beside her, as she had asked. He yielded to her request in one
particular, but not in another. It was his way,--his pride, to do
whatever he was asked with a bad grace. He supported himself against
one side-post, with his head down, and the knuckle of his forefinger
between his teeth; she leaned against the other jamb.

‘I went round to the houses, as usual, selling my bunches of roses;
I sold one to Madame Laborde, and two to the Demoiselles Bréant; and
M. François Corbelin, the musician, bought one, but he did not pay
me,--he had no money with him to-day, but he promised for next time.
Then I went to the château of M. des Pintréaux, but the ladies did
not want any of my roses; and then I walked on with my basket to the
Château Malouve. The lackeys told me that Monsieur was not in, but
that he was a little way along the road, and that I was to take him
my roses, as he particularly wished to purchase them, he wanted them
all; so I walked on, but I was distressed, for I did not like to meet
M. Berthier alone. He always addresses me in a way that gives me
pain, and he makes his jokes, so that I am ashamed.’

‘Well, well, go on.’

‘So, my father, after I had shown him my basket----’

‘Then you found him?’

‘Yes; he was at no great distance. He laughed when I came towards
him. He did not seem to care much for the roses, but looked at me
with his horrible eyes, and he put his hand to my chin, and asked for
a kiss, then I was frightened and ran from him; but he followed me,
and I was so frightened that I could not run with my usual speed; my
head was spinning, and I scarcely knew whither I was going; then,
just as he caught me up, M. le Curé rescued me from him. God be

Matthias turned from the door-post to resume his pitchfork, but his
daughter intercepted him once more.

‘My father,’ she entreated, ‘say that I am never to go again with my
roses to M. Berthier!’

‘Did he pay you for the bunches he took?’

‘No; I ran away before he paid for them.’

‘You are a fool; you should have taken the money, and then run away.’

Lebertre now stepped forward to interfere.

‘It is not right, Matthias, that the poor child should be sent into
such peril again.’

‘M. Berthier buys more bunches than any one else,’ answered André,

‘Dear father, I have too often to suffer the looks and smiles and
jokes of those to whom I offer my bunches of flowers,’ said the girl,
emboldened by finding that the priest took her part. ‘Let me work in
the field every day with you. Let us dig up the garden, and turn it
into a potato-field.’

‘Remember the risk to a young and pretty child,’ continued the curé,
‘in sending her round the country alone with her basket of flowers.
The young gentlemen are gay and reckless; shame and sin enough have
been wrought in this neighbourhood by them, and M. Berthier is
notorious for his debaucheries. You are thrusting your child over a

‘We must live,’ answered the peasant, fiercely. ‘Answer me this.
Does not the sailor risk life for a small wage; does not the soldier
jeopardy his for a gay coat and a liard a day? Is it not the mission
of men--I do not mean of nobles, they are not men, they are gods--to
labour and struggle for a subsistence in the midst of perils? Shall
not my child, then, run some risks to win enough to satisfy the
gnawing hunger in our vitals? Does not the doctor venture his health
for the sake of a fee, and shall not this girl risk her honour to
save her life?’

‘You imperil both your soul and hers.’

Matthias shrugged his shoulders.

Lindet strode up to him, caught his shoulders in his palms, and
jerked his head upwards; their eyes met for a second, and in that
second Lindet mastered his dogged humour. André threw it aside, and
straightening himself, he beat his hands together, and cried out in
an altered tone, full of bitterness and pain,--

‘My God! what are we poor but the cattle of the rich? We are theirs;
what is the good of our attempting to resist their will? They possess
our earnings, our labour, our life, our honour; ay! our souls are
theirs, to ruin them if they like. Can anything I may do protect poor
Gabrielle from M. Berthier, or any other great man who shall cast
his lustful eyes on her? No. Let things take their course. Perhaps
God will right our wrongs at the judgment. I wait for that. Thy
kingdom come!’ he exclaimed, throwing up his hands to the sky. ‘And
till then,--if it be God’s will that we should be the prey of the
powerful,--that they should eat us up, and pollute our honour,--why,
His will be done, we must even bear it.’

‘Do you love your daughter?’ asked Lebertre.

‘As much as I can afford,’ answered André, relapsing into his moody

‘You do love her,’ said Lindet; ‘but you love yourself better.’

Matthias looked furtively at him.

‘I love her, indeed,’ he said, sadly; ‘but I have no thoughts for
anything but how to stave off the great enemy.’

‘What great enemy?’ asked Lebertre.

‘Hunger,’ answered the peasant, passionately.

‘The child shall not take her flowers to the Château Malouve any
more,’ said Lindet, firmly. ‘She shall take them instead to my
brother Robert, and he will buy them. Mind, _instead_, not besides.’

‘Yes, monsieur!’ answered André. ‘Indeed, I do not desire that
evil should befall my dear child, but hunger is imperious; and oh!
last winter was so terrible, that I dare not face another such, so
destitute of means as I have been.’

Dusk had by this time settled in, and the curés walked homewards.
Their roads lay together as far as La Couture, which is almost a
suburb of Bernay, and was, according to antiquaries, the original
parish church of that town, before the erection of S. Cross.

‘See,’ said Lindet to his friend, as they parted at the door of
the presbytery of La Couture; ‘see how want and poverty dry up the
natural springs of love and virtue; and how the nobles, the Church,
and the king, by their oppression of the peasant, are demoralising
him. Believe me, if ever a day of reckoning should come, those
natural feelings, which oppression has turned into gall, will
overwhelm the oppressors. If once the people get the upper hand,
mercy must not be expected; wrong-doing has long ago destroyed all
the tenderer feelings of our poor.’

But he was wrong in thinking that they were destroyed. Frozen over
they were, but not dried up.

That night, after André had gone up his ladder to the bed of straw on
which he lay, and after several hours of darkness, Gabrielle woke up
at the sound of sobs, and creeping lightly from her attic chamber to
her father’s door, she saw him by the moonlight that flowed in at the
unglazed window, kneeling against his bed, with his head laid upon
his arm, and the moon illumining it, weeping convulsedly, and the
white light glittered in his tears.

                            CHAPTER III.

The west front of Évreux Cathedral occupies one side of a small
square, of which the south side is formed by a high wall pierced by
the arched gate that conducts into the courtyard of the bishop’s

Above this arch was wont to be erected the arms of the prelate
occupying the see, impaled with those of the diocese. The Bishop
of Évreux in 1788 was Monseigneur de Narbonne-Lara, and the arms
borne by him displayed a ramping and roaring lion. As those of the
bishopric were a S. Sebastian bound to a pillar, and transfixed with
arrows, the combination was peculiar, and was seized on by the wags
to point a moral. They observed that the saint typified Religion,
bound hand and foot by establishmentarian thongs, and pierced through
with many sorrows, whilst Monseigneur’s lion, which seemed bent
on devouring the martyr, symbolized the greed and ambition of the

Monseigneur de Narbonne had scrambled from a counter to a throne.
He was one of those few prelates of the French Church who were not
members of great families. Tell it not in Gath! his father made and
sold goose-liver pasties at Strasbourg; but Strasbourg is a very long
way from Évreux.

The bishop’s father called himself Lara, his mother had been a
Demoiselle Narbonne; by combining the names, and prefixing to the
maternal cognomen a _De_, the bishop was able to pass himself off as
a member of the nobility, and to speak disparagingly of roturiers.
Above the parental shop at Strasbourg hung a wooden and painted
figure of a plucked goose, the badge of the family profession, and
the only heraldic device of which old Lara boasted. The lion, says
Æsop, once assumed an ass’s skin; but on the shield of Monseigneur
de Narbonne-Lara, bishop of Évreux, abbot _in commendam_ of three
religious houses, the ancestral goose ramped and roared as a lion or
out of a field gules.

The bishop was ambitious of becoming an archbishop and a cardinal; he
had therefore to pay his court at once to Versailles and to Rome--a
course he was perfectly competent to pursue, for, though filled
to the brim with pride, he had not a drop of self-respect. He was
a tall, stout and handsome man, but his good looks were marred by
the redness and fleshiness of his face, and his proportions were
disguised by the pomposity of his carriage.

Being a man of consummate shrewdness, he had succeeded in making
himself a favourite at Court. His knowledge of German had won him
first the bishopric of Gap, and afterwards the more important one
of Évreux, when, during the late reign, the Dauphiness had set
Austrian fashions. For the same reason, he was now private chaplain
to the Queen. He gave capital dinners, and hoped by the choiceness
of his cookery and wines to buy the favour of those who had the ear
of royalty. By fussy officiousness in the diocese, by worrying his
clergy, he hoped to obtain credit for energetic discharge of his
episcopal duties, and by favouring the Jesuits, he made sure that his
acts would be favourably reported at Rome.

Monseigneur was now about to achieve a triumph. Prince
Louis-Stanislas-Xavier, commonly called ‘Monsieur,’ the brother of
the King, Duke of Anjou, Alençon and Vendôme, Count of Perche, Maine,
and Senonches, having business to transact in Normandy connected with
the bailiwicks of Bernay and Orbec, of which he was lord, had been
invited to the palace by the Bishop of Évreux, and the prince had
accepted the invitation.

Monseigneur de Narbonne was in a flutter of excitement at the
prospect. The same may be said of Mademoiselle Baptistine, his
sister, who lived with him. The grand old palace was turned inside
out. Painters, gilders, and upholsterers had taken possession of the
house, and had banished the bishop into the turret overlooking the

The prelate sat in his purple cassock and cape, pen in hand, making
imaginary calculations of the expenses the visit of the prince would
entail upon him. He had ordered the withdrawing room to be furnished
with blue silk hangings powdered over with silver lilies, and having
ascertained from his sister the price per yard of silk, and having
allowed a margin for the fleurs-de-lis, he measured the room when no
one was looking, and had just estimated the cost. He added to this
the blue velvet divan, and the chairs gilt and covered with blue
velvet, and the painting and gilding of the ceiling, the carpets and
the mirrors. He had pretty well satisfied himself that the income of
the see would not bear such an expenditure as he contemplated. But it
was worth the sacrifice. Three archbishops were then infirm. His own
immediate superior at Rouen had been reduced very low by a virulent
attack of gastric fever, brought on by immoderate eating of peaches;
and, according to the last account from Rouen, the archbishop,
immediately on his recovery, had again attacked the fruit of which
he was passionately fond, in opposition to the express orders of his
physician. If the archbishop were to be again prostrated, there was
every chance of his vacating an archiepiscopal throne, and also of
placing a cardinal’s hat at the disposal of the Pope. M. Ponce, the
_officiel_, was with the Bishop of Évreux.

‘My good Ponce,’ said the bishop, ‘you must procure me money somehow.
Between ourselves, the expenses which I shall be compelled to incur,
in order adequately to entertain royalty, are so considerable,
that I must have my coffer replenished, or I shall be involved in

‘I think, my Lord,’ answered the confidant, ‘that some of the cases
for your lordship’s court might be compromised, and that would at
once produce a sum of ready money.’

‘My excellent friend, I shall esteem it a favour if you will do so.
Are there many cases in hand?’

‘My Lord, I think there are some other cases coming on, but they
are not ripe yet. But, if your lordship will take my advice, I
should advise attention to be directed rather to the clergy than to
the laity. The times, as your lordship is well aware, are somewhat
uncertain. A spirit of antagonism to constituted authority is abroad;
there is much restlessness, much impatience of the rights of those,
whom Providence has ordained masters and governors, in Church and

‘It is but just that the shepherd should live of the milk of the
flock,’ said the bishop with dignity.

‘Your lordship is theoretically right; but, unfortunately, the flock
will not submit to be milked with as great equanimity as heretofore.
Since the local parliaments, to the detriment of the liberties of
the Church, have assumed to receive appeals from our courts, we have
lost the hold upon the laity that we possessed formerly. I think--but
here I bow to your lordship’s superior judgment--that it would not be
advisable, just at present--I only urge at present, to draw off too
much milk from the laity. Now as for the _prêtrisse_, that is quite
another matter. The priests are at your disposal, your lordship can
do with them almost what your lordship likes. They are, in fact, mere
servants of the bishop.’

‘True, Ponce,’ said the prelate, blandly; ‘I say to this man go, and
he goeth; and to another do this, and he doeth it.’

‘And the most satisfactory point is this, they have no appeal against
their bishop. The law----’

‘I am the law,’ interrupted Monseigneur; ‘to the diocese in all
matters ecclesiastical, I repeat the expression, I am the law.’

‘Your lordship is right,’ continued the officer; ‘and therefore I
would urge that the most ready source of money is to be found in the
Church. You have but to fine a priest, and he cannot escape you. He
cannot evade your court, he cannot appeal to the crown, he dare not
throw himself on public opinion. He is completely at your mercy. He
is your slave. If he refuses to comply with your requirements, you
can inhibit him, or suspend him. Whilst suspended, the income of the
living goes to your lordship, and you have only to provide out of it
for the ministration of the sacraments; a small tax, for there are
always indigent or disreputable clergy glad enough to take temporary
duty for a trifling fee. But the curé knows better than to resist his
diocesan. He has been bred to consider it a matter of conscience
to yield to his ecclesiastical superior; and, even if conscience
does not influence him, common prudence will act upon him, when he
considers that every other profession is legally shut against him, so
that he must be his bishop’s slave, or starve.’

‘I have no wish for a moment to act with undue severity towards
my clergy,’ said Monseigneur de Narbonne; ‘indeed, I am incapable
of any such action; but discipline must be maintained, and when a
spirit of defiance manifests itself, even amongst the clergy, it is
high time that they should be made to recognise who is master in the
Church. The curés dare to call my episcopal acts in question, and to
oppose the execution of my projects. Is the Church a constitutional
government? Certainly not; it is a monarchy of which every prelate is
sovereign in his own see. The laity may have eluded his crook, but
with the spike he can transfix his recalcitrant clergy.’

‘I can give your lordship an instance of insubordination
corroborative of what you have just stated. I have just returned from

‘Ah! there you have one of these new lights,’ interrupted the bishop.
‘I know his sentiments; he is a leader of disaffection, a man of
ungovernable vehemence, huge pride, and insolent demeanour.’

‘Quite so, my Lord,’ said M. Ponce. ‘According to your honoured
instructions, he has been closely watched, and, as I learned that he
had neglected to light his sanctuary-lamp during three days, he has
rendered himself amenable to justice. I have, however, offered him to
compromise the matter on the receipt of a fine of twenty-five livres.
He has refused me the money, and declares that he will speak to your
lordship about it, face to face.’

‘The fellow must be humbled,’ said the prelate; ‘he forgets that he
has no legal status, that he is a mere salaried curate, and that I
have it in my power to ruin him. I am glad that he is coming here;
I shall have an opportunity of cautioning him to exhibit decorum in
his conduct and respect in his behaviour.---- Well, Mademoiselle!’
he suddenly exclaimed, as the door opened, and his sister entered,
embracing a large deal box.

‘I have brought you your letters, Monseigneur, and----’

‘Well, my good sister, and what?’

‘Oh, nothing, nothing!’

‘May I ask what that box contains?’ enquired the bishop blandly,
whilst he took the letters.

‘Nothing in the world, brother, but----’

‘But what, eh?’

‘Oh! nothing at all.’

‘Shall I retire?’ asked M. Ponce, who had risen from his seat on the
lady’s entry.

‘By no means, my Ponce, by no means;’ and he began to tear open his

‘Ha! begging appeals. The priest of Semerville is restoring his
church, and entreats help; the people are too poor, the landlord too
chary of giving, and so on.’ Away fluttered the note, torn in half,
and the _officiel_ obsequiously picked it up and placed it with a
score other dead appeals in the wastepaper basket.

‘The curé of S. Julien entreats me to interfere--some widow who has
been wronged--bah!’ and that letter followed the first.

‘“I have allowed nine months to elapse since the _vicaire_ of
Vernon was appointed, and the licence has not yet been forwarded;
wherefore, knowing the uncertainty of the post, he is confident that
the omission is due to the neglect of the postman, and not of the
forgetfulness of the bishop.” Humph! inclined to insolence. That is
the way these young curates behave! You shall await my convenience,
M. Dufour.’ This letter was crumpled up, and thrown at the basket.

‘An altar to S. Joseph! The clergy of Louviers are desirous--and so
on. Well, Louviers is a large place. S. Joseph the patron of the
Jesuits; at any other time than this, my good friends.’ Away sped
this appeal. ‘“The curé of Beaumont ventures to observe that it is
two years since the last confirmation, and that the children are
growing up and leaving the district.” Confound his impudence! My
rule is plain enough, to hold a confirmation every year in the large
towns, Évreux and Louviers; one every second year in the smaller
towns; and one every third year in the rural districts. Sister!
enclose a printed slip with that notice to the curé of Beaumont.’

‘Yes, brother.’

‘What have we here? So, ho! a note from M. Berthier, Intendant
of Paris, written at his country seat, near Bernay, about Thomas
Lindet, who has behaved to him without proper respect, and whose
revolutionary principles render him a dangerous person to be the
curé of a large and important town. Pass me my paper-case, Ponce,
my good fellow, I will send him a note in return to thank him for
the information, and to promise that the curé shall be reprimanded
and cautioned. Intendant of Paris! a man of consequence, is he not,
Ponce, eh?’

‘A man of very great consequence, my Lord; his father-in-law is M.
Foulon, a great person at Court, as your lordship must know.’

If the bishop had attended to his sister instead of to his letters,
he would have observed that she was carefully placing the deal box
underneath the divan or sofa, which occupied one side of the little

‘Can I assist you, Mademoiselle?’ asked M. Ponce.

‘On no account,’ replied the lady with evident alarm and agitation.

She made several ineffectual attempts to attract her brother’s
attention, but he was too absorbed in his letters to notice her. And
the moment he had despatched his answer to M. Berthier, he plunged
at once into a discussion as to the guests who were to be invited to
meet His Royal Highness, at a fête on the evening of his arrival.

‘I am in doubt whether to ask M. Girardin,’ said the prelate; ‘what
is your opinion, my Ponce? He is Lieutenant-General of the bailiwick,
which should weigh against his lack of nobility; his views are too
liberal to please me, he is a bit of a philosopher, has read Rousseau
and Voltaire, perhaps, and thinks with Montesquieu. I do not like to
introduce a herd of roturiers to the Duke; and, if one admits two or
three, all the burghers of the place will be offended at not having
been invited.’

‘As you have done me the honour of asking my opinion,’ said the
functionary, ‘I would recommend you to invite M. Girardin. Feed well
those who are not favourably disposed towards you; dazzle those who
are your enemies, and you render them powerless.’

‘I quite agree with what you say,’ said the bishop. This was not
extraordinary, as his official merely repeated a sentiment he had
heard Monseigneur express several times before; ‘those whom I cannot
suppress I dazzle, those whom I cannot dazzle I invite to my table.’

‘There is sound worldly wisdom in that,’ said M. Ponce.

‘And it works admirably,’ the bishop continued; then, turning to his
sister, he said, ‘Well, Baptistine, what about the box?’

The lady gave a little start, frowned, and shook her head.

‘Well,’ paused the bishop; ‘what is in it? Where have you put it?’

Mademoiselle Baptistine at once seated herself on the sofa, and
spread her gown, as a screen, to cover it, whilst she made several
cabalistic gestures to signify that the presence of a third party
prevented her from saying what she wanted. M. Ponce caught a glimpse
of these signs, or guessed that he was no longer wanted, for he rose,
and, after having formally saluted the bishop, and asked permission
to retire, he walked sideways towards the door, repeatedly turning to

As his hand rested upon the latch, the door was thrown open, and a
large black retriever bounded into the room, between the legs of a
powdered footman in purple livery, who announced, ‘M. le Marquis de

The gentleman who entered was tall and thin, with a solemn face,
adorned with a pair of huge grey moustaches. His hair was powdered,
and the dust covered the collar of his velvet coat. He was
elaborately dressed, and had the air of an ancient dandy. The Marquis
was a man of some fortune, and of illustrious family. He acted for
the prince as his deputy in the bailiwicks of Orbec and Bernay.
Scarcely less stiff and formal than his appearance was his character.
He was an aristocrat of the aristocrats, filled with family pride,
and rigid in his adherence to the rules of etiquette of the reign of
Louis XIV. He was never known to have made a witty remark, certainly
never a wise one. But though neither witty nor wise, he was a man who
commanded respect, for he was too cautious ever to act foolishly, and
too well-bred ever to behave discourteously.

‘Ah! sapristi!’ exclaimed the Marquis; ‘my naughty dog, how dare you
intrude? I must apologise, my Lord, for the bad conduct of my dog. I
left it in the courtyard, but it has found its way after me.’

‘Let him remain,’ said the bishop; ‘fine fellow, noble dog! The doors
are all open, my dear Marquis; the workmen are engaged in getting the
palace just a little tidy for our distinguished visitor. Never mind
the dog--it would be impossible to shut him out, whilst the house is
in confusion. I am so sorry that you should be shown into this little
boudoir; but really, I am driven to it as my only refuge in the midst
of a chaos.’

‘I have come to inform you, my lord bishop, that Monsieur will be
with you on Thursday next, if that will suit your convenience. I
received a despatch from him to-day, and, amongst other matters, was
a notice to that effect, and a request that the announcement should
be made to you immediately.’

‘We shall be proud to receive him, and everything shall be in
readiness,’ said the bishop.

‘The weather is exceedingly fine,’ observed the Marquis, turning
courteously towards Mademoiselle Baptistine.

‘It is charming,’ answered the bishop’s sister, nervously.
Mademoiselle Baptistine was a lady of forty-five, with an aquiline
nose, of which, as an aristocratic feature, she and her brother were
proud. Her complexion was fair, her eyes very pale, and starting from
her head, so that she had always, except when asleep, the appearance
of being greatly surprised at something.

‘It is also hot; Mademoiselle doubtless finds it hot,’ said the

‘Very much so. I have been quite overcome.’

‘But it is seasonable,’ observed the visitor. And so on.

Presently, however, the conversation brightened up a little; for the
Marquis, turning sharply on the bishop, said: ‘By the way, I met a
member of your family the other day.’

A scarlet flush covered the bishop’s face, and Mademoiselle
Baptistine turned the colour of chalk.

‘I met the old Countess de Narbonne in Paris; she is doubtless a
cousin. I told her I was acquainted with your lordship, but she did
not seem to know you; probably her memory fails.’

‘The De Narbonne and the De Narbonne-Lara families, though remotely
connected, are not the same,’ answered the bishop, wiping his hot
face; ‘the branches separated in the reign of Saint Louis, and
therefore the connection between them is distant. Mine crossed the
Pyrenees and settled in Spain, where they fought valiantly against
the Moors. The castle of Lara is in Andalusia; the family assumed the
territorial name of Lara, in addition to the De Narbonne, on their
receiving the Spanish estates from a grateful monarch in recognition
of their services. My grandfather, unfortunately, gambled half the
property away, and my father sold the rest to pay off the debts his
father had contracted; an honourable proceeding, which reduced the
family, however, greatly. With the remains of his fortune he came to
France, retaining possession only of the ancestral castle in Spain.’

Suddenly Mademoiselle Baptistine uttered a scream. From under the
sofa darted the retriever with a huge pasty in its mouth. In its
efforts to secure the dainty morsel, it flung the lid of the box from
which it had extracted the pie, half way across the room.

‘What is the dog at?’ exclaimed the bishop.

‘Rascal!’ shouted the Marquis, ‘bring that here instantly.’ He
threatened the brute with his stick, and the dog crawled to him with
the pasty in its mouth.

‘What manners!’ cried the nobleman; ‘I am so grieved at the
ill-conduct of my dog--No, Madame!’ as the lady stooped towards the
cover of the box, which had contained the delicious tempting pie.
‘Never, Madame; allow me.’

‘Allow me!’ said the bishop, bending his knee, and stooping towards
it. But Mademoiselle Baptistine was as active as either of the men;
and thus it came to pass that the three heads met over the lid of the
box; and at the same moment the bishop and the Marquis read a printed
shop-label, pasted upon it, and directed in manuscript to the bishop,

      ‘_Jacques de Narbonne-Lara (formerly Lara),
  Maker of the celebrated Strasbourg Goose-liver Pasties.
              Rue des Capuchins, 6; Strasbourg._’

‘Sapient dog!’ said the nobleman, rising, and blowing his nose. ‘My
wise Leo knows what is good. Ah! the pasty is utterly gone, he has
eaten it. I quite envy him the mouthful. Pray accept my deepest
regret for his misconduct.’

‘Do not mention it,’ answered the bishop, with his eyes still on the
hateful label.

‘I am so glad to have the address,’ said the Marquis, with a slight
tinge of sarcasm in his voice; ‘I will write to the shop and order
some of these pasties for myself--I dote on the paté de foix gras.’
And he bowed himself out of the room.

‘What has that fool Jacques been about?’ asked the bishop, throwing
himself back in his chair, and clasping his hands in the air above
his head.

‘My dear brother!’ answered Baptistine, ‘Jacques has assumed the same
name as you have; he is proud of being brother to a bishop, that
is why--and he has sent you the pasty as an offering of brotherly
love--so he says in his letter. I found the box on the table in the
hall, and all the servants round it, laughing. I snatched it from
them, and brought it up here, when----’ the rest was drowned in

‘He had better have sent me a halter,’ said the bishop.

                             CHAPTER IV.

Famine reigned in France, for the resources of the country were
drained off to sustain the court in luxury and vice. In seven years,
Louis XV added seven hundred and fifty millions of francs to the two
billions and a half of debts left by Louis XIV. Archbishop Fénélon
wrote to the Grand Monarque: ‘At length, France is become one great
hospital, desolate and unprovided with the necessaries of life. By
yourself alone these disasters have been created. In the ruin of
France, everything has passed into your hands; and your subjects are
reduced to live upon your bounty.’

Louis the Well-Beloved was hunting one day in the forest of Sénart.
He met a peasant carrying a coffin. ‘For whom is that coffin?’ asked
the king. ‘For a man.’ ‘What did he die of?’ ‘Hunger.’ France was
dying: in a few years, but for the Revolution, it would have been
dead and buried, killed by famine.

‘In my diocese,’ said the Bishop of Chartres, ‘men browse with the

Taxes innumerable were paid. But there was not money enough.
Hundreds perished, that the beasts of Æsop’s fables might squirt
water in the duck-ponds of Versailles. The royal mistresses sparkled
with jewels, and each jewel cost a human life. One hundred millions
of francs went in pensions, the Red Book told on whom. Exemption
from taxes was given liberally; the king created nobles, the revenue
created employés, all these were exempt. Thus, whilst the sum
required of the people increased every year, every year the number
of payers decreased. The load weighed on fewer shoulders, and became
more and more oppressive.

At Versailles, fifteen thousand men and five thousand horses were
supported at the public cost to give splendour to the seat of
royalty; they consumed sixty million livres per annum. The king’s
house cost eighteen millions, that of the queen four millions, and
those of the princes nine millions, though they possessed as their
apannages a seventh part of the territory of France. The Church drew
an annual income of four hundred and fifty millions; the tithes were
worth eighty millions, and its buildings were estimated at five
hundred millions. Of the land in France, one-fifth belonged to the

What was the condition of the peasant? It has been already described;
it was he who bore the burden and heat of the day. On his toils
the court, the nobles, and the Church lived. It was his blood that
they sucked. The peasant might not plant what he would in his
fields; pastures were required to remain pastures, arable land was
to be always arable. If he changed his field into meadow, he robbed
the curé of his tithe; if he sowed clover in his fallow land, the
landlord or the abbot turned in his flock of sheep, to crop off it
what he deemed his share. The lord and the abbot sent out their
cattle to pasture an hour before those of the peasant; they had the
right to keep huge dovecots, and the pigeons fed on the grain of the
farmer. The tenant worked for his landlord three days in the year
for himself, three days for each of his sons and servants, and three
for each horse and cart. He was bound to cut and make and stack his
lord’s hay in spring, and to reap and garner his wheat in autumn; to
repair the castle walls, and make and keep up the castle roads. Add
to all this the tax to the king, twelve sous per head for each child,
the same for each servant, the subvention for the king; the twentieth
for the king, that is, the twentieth portion of the fruits of the
earth, already tithed for the Church.

When we hear folk declaim against the French Revolution, do not let
us forget what was the state of the people before that event. The
Revolution was a severe surgical operation, but it was the salvation
of France.

To the beautiful gothic church of Notre Dame de la Couture, the
people of Bernay and the neighbouring villages went in procession, on
the Feast of the Assumption, to entreat the Blessed Virgin to obtain
for them relief from their miseries. Human succour seemed in vain. If
they appealed to the king, his answer was, _Give!_ If they besought
the nobility, they also answered, _Give!_ If they threw themselves at
the feet of the Church, her response was also, _Give!_

Now, throughout the land a cry went up to Heaven. At Bernay it took
the form of a pilgrimage.

The origin of the Church of La Couture was as follows. Far away in
the purple of antiquity, when first the faith of Christ began to dawn
in Gaul, a shepherd-boy found himself daily deserted by his flock,
which left him as he entered the forest in the morning, and only
returned to him at nightfall. Impelled by curiosity, he followed
the sheep one day, and they led him through bush and brake till he
emerged on a pleasant sunny glade upon the slope of the hill, where
the pasture was peculiarly rich, and where also, resting against a
magnificent wild rose, leaned a black statue of the Blessed Virgin.

This discovery led to a concourse of pilgrims visiting the image,
which had been thus unaccountably placed in the heart of a forest.
The clergy of the ancient city of Lisieux sent a waggon to transport
the image to their church; but no sooner was it placed upon their
altar than it vanished, and was found next morning in the glade of
Bernay. A chapel was erected over it, and was served by a hermit,
but the afflux of pilgrims made the shrine rich, and a church was
built in the forest, and about the church a village soon arose.
The trees were cut down, and the bottom of the valley was brought
into cultivation, from which fact the church obtained its name of La
Couture, or Ecclesia de Culturâ Bernaii.

The church is beautifully situated on the steep side of the hill,
with its west front towards the slope, and its apse standing up high
above the soil, which falls away rapidly from it into the valley.
The western doorway is richly sculptured and contains a flamboyant
window, occupying the tymphanum of the arch. Above this portal is a
large window, which, at the time of our story, was filled with rich
tracery, and with richer glass that represented Mary, the Queen of
Heaven, as the refuge of all in adversity. In the central light, the
Virgin appeared surrounded by flames and rays, her face and hands
black, whilst angels harped and sang around her. A fillet surmounted
her, bearing the text ‘Nigra sum, sed formosa, sicut tabernacula
cedar.’ (Cant. i. 4.) On one side, cripples and sick persons
stretched forth their hands to the sacred figure; on the other,
were peasants trampled on and smitten by the servants of nobles in
armour, whilst above in the tracery might be seen houses and barns in
conflagration, and ships about to be engulfed in waves[1].

From the west door, a flight of fifteen steps leads down into the
nave, so that on entering, the appearance of the church is almost
that of a magnificent crypt.

On the 15th of August, in the afternoon, the church presented an
imposing spectacle. Eight parishes had united to visit the shrine,
and supplicate the protection of the Blessed Virgin. The day had
been hitherto very fine, and the sight enjoyed from the churchyard
of the processions arriving from different quarters, in the bright
sunshine, had been singularly beautiful. Each parish procession was
headed by its banner; the clergy, by crucifix and candles. Various
confraternities, with their insignia, united to give picturesqueness
to the scene. From the interior of the church the effect was
striking, as the line,--endless it seemed,--rippled down the flight
of western steps, with tapers twinkling and coloured banners waving;
whilst the organ thundered, and the people shouted the refrain of
a penitential litany. The illumined figures in the yard contrasted
with those in shadow, as they flowed through the portal: this was
especially noticeable when a band of girls in white, with white
veils, and lighted taper in hand, preceded by their white banner
emblazoned with a representation of the Assumption, moved through the
doorway. The leading ribbons of this banner were held by two maidens
in white; one of these was Gabrielle, and her appearance in this pure
garb was most beautiful. A wreath of white roses encircled her head,
and clasped the muslin veil to her temples. As the shadow of the arch
fell upon her, a slight puff of wind extinguished her candle, but on
reaching the foot of the steps a taper was held towards her, and she
was about to re-light hers at the flame, when, raising her eyes, she
encountered those of M. Berthier, who, with a smirk, proffered her
his burning candle. She shrank away, and kindled her light at the
candle of a girl who followed her.

M. Berthier was in company with an old gentleman, very thin, with
a hatchet face, white hair, and black eyes active and brilliant.
He was dressed in an old brown riding-coat, with high collar, over
which protruded a short wiry pig-tail, fastened with a large bow. He
took snuff, at intervals of a few minutes, from a large gold box;
and he took it in a peculiar manner, not from his fingers but from
the palm of his hand, into which he shook the tobacco dust, and from
which he drew it into his nostrils by applying the palm to his face.
This method of snuffing might be economical, but it was ungainly and
dirty, for it left crumbs of tobacco upon the lips, nose, and cheeks
of the old man.

‘That is the wench,’ said Berthier, after he had politely returned
the taper, which he had unceremoniously snatched from the hand of a
peasant, that he might offer it to Gabrielle.

‘A pretty little darling,’ the old man replied. ‘Is this the
third flame this year, and we only in August? Bah! my lad, you are
positively shocking.’

‘Are you going to remain here among these rascals?’

‘A moment or two, my friend; I want to see who are the malcontents.
Bah! these people ask Heaven for food. Let Heaven give them rain and
sunshine, and the earth yield her increase; who will profit thereby?
Not they. Bah! Famine is not the result of the seasons, it is no
natural phenomenon. It is good for the people to be kept on low diet,
it humbles them; America bred fat cattle, and they have thrown off
the yoke. What makes the famine, my boy? Why, _we_ make famine, and
keep up famine, because the people must be retained in subjection.’

Berthier touched the old man to silence him; Lindet was close
to them, and his glittering eye rested on the Intendant and his
father-in-law. But Foulon took no notice of the touch, and he
continued:--‘Bah! If they are hungry, let them browse grass. Wait
till I am minister, I will make them eat hay; my horses eat it.’

Thomas Lindet heard the words as distinctly as did Berthier. A flush,
deep as ruby, suffused his face, and he clenched his teeth, whilst a
flame darted from his eyes.

‘Who is that devil?’ asked Foulon, with imperturbable calmness, of
his son-in-law.

‘He is the priest of S. Cross, at Bernay. I owe him a grudge. Come
out of this crush into the air, I am stifled.’

Berthier drew his father-in-law to the door.

The weather was undergoing a change. To the west, above the hill, a
semicircle or bow of white cloud, in which the sun made prismatic
colours, edged a dense purple-black mass of darkness. It was like
gazing into a hideous cavern whose mouth was fringed with fungus.

‘A storm is at hand,’ said Berthier; ‘it is approaching too rapidly
for us to escape. We must remain here.’

An ash with scarlet berries grew opposite the west door, on high
ground. This tree stood up against the advancing clouds like a tree
of fire, so intense was the darkness within the bow of white. The
leaves scarcely rustled; at intervals a puff of wind swept over the
churchyard and shook the tree, but between the puffs the air was
still. Gradually a peculiar smell, very faint, like the fume of a
brick-kiln at a great distance, filled the air. The white vapourous
fringe dissolved into coils of cloud, ropy, hanging together in
bunches, and altering shape at each moment. A film ran over the sun,
which was instantly shorn of its rays; a chill fell on the air, and
a shadow overspread the ground; the ash turned grey, and everything
that had been golden was transmuted into lead.

From the church within sounded the organ, and the people chanting
the Magnificat; and incense rose before the altar, on which six
candles burned.

From over the western hill came the mumble of distant thunder, a low
continued roll like the traffic of heavy-laden vehicles on a paved
road. A few large drops fell and spotted the flagstone on which
Berthier and Foulon stood. They looked up. The sky was now covered
with whirling masses of vapour, some light curl-like twists flew
about before the main body of lurid thunder-cloud, which was seamed
and hashed with shooting lights.

The wind arose and moaned around the church, muttering and hissing
in the louvre-boards of the spire; the ash shivered and shook, the
willows and poplars in the valley whitened and bent, and the long
grass in the cemetery fell and rose in waves; the jackdaws flew
screaming around the tower, a martin skimmed the surface of the
ground, uttering its piercing cry.

Foulon had been scratching his initials listlessly on the flag on
which he stood, with the ferule of his walking-stick. Drops like
tears falling about it made him say:--‘Come in, Berthier, my boy. The
rain is beginning to fall, and you will have your smart coat spotted
and spoiled.’

The two men re-entered the church. Vespers had just concluded, and
Lindet ascended the pulpit. From where he stood he saw them in the
doorway, with the sheet-lightning flashing and fading behind them.
At one moment they appeared encircled with flame, at another plunged
in darkness.

‘As I came into this church to-day,’ spoke Lindet with distinctness,
‘I heard one say to another: _If the peasants are hungry, let them
browse grass. I would make them eat hay; my horses eat it._ As I
stand in this pulpit, and the lightning illumines yonder window,
I see painted there a lean, famished peasant, trampled under the
hoofs of the horse of some noble rider, and the great man has his
staff raised to chastise the peasant. Under these circumstances,
the poor man lifts his hands to heaven, as his only refuge. That is
what you do this day,--you, the down-trodden, scourged, and bruised;
you who are bidden browse the grass, because that is the food of
brute-beasts. Just Heaven! the importunate widow was heard who cried
to the unjust judge to avenge her on her adversary, and shall not God
avenge His own elect, though He bear long?’

The rain burst with a roar upon the roof,--a roar so loud and
prolonged that the preacher’s voice was silenced. The vergers closed
the great doors to prevent the rain from entering, for the wind
began now to blow in great gusts. The fountains of heaven seemed to
have burst forth, the rain rattled against the west window, loudly
as though hail and not rain were poured upon it. Dazzling flashes
of lightning kindled up the whole interior with white brilliancy,
casting no shadows. The congregation remained silent and awed, the
clergy in their tribune opposite the pulpit sat motionless. The
candles flickered in the draughts that whistled round the aisles;
their flames seemed dull and orange.

Suddenly the bells in the tower began to peal. According to popular
belief their sound dispels tempests, and the ringers were wont to
pull the ropes during a storm. The clash and clangour of the metal
alternated with the boom of the thunder. The darkness which fell on
the church was terrible, men and women on their knees recited their
beads in fear and trembling. Scarce a heart in that great concourse
but quailed. Once a child screamed. Then, as for one instant, the
bells ceased, the sobbing of a babe at its mother’s breast was heard.
The water began to flow down the hill, collect into a stream in the
churchyard, and to pour in a turbid flood down the steps into the
nave. It boiled up under the closed door, it rushed into the tower
and dislodged the ringers, who were soon over shoe-tops in water.

A startled bat flew up and down the church, and dashing against the
altar-candles extinguished one with its leathern wings.

All at once the rain ceased to fall, and the wind lulled. None
stirred; all felt that the tempest was gathering up its strength
for one final explosion ere it rolled away. Then a tall thin woman
in black, with a black veil thrown over her head, was observed
to have stationed herself immediately before the altar, where she
knelt with outstretched arms and uplifted face. Those who were near
observed with horror that the face, from which the veil was upthrown,
was of a blue-grey colour. When she had made her way to her present
situation none knew; none had observed her in the procession, for
then she had been, probably, closely veiled. She threw her arms and
hands passionately towards the black Virgin above the altar, and in
the stillness of that lull in the storm her piercing cry was heard
pealing through the church, ‘Avenge me on my adversary.’

‘My God!’ whispered Berthier to his father-in-law, as he pointed to
the excited worshipper, ‘look at my wife, Foulon! she has gone mad.’

‘Bah!’ answered the imperturbable old man; ‘nothing of the sort, my
boy; she is invoking vengeance upon you and me.’

Instantly the whole church glared with light, brighter than on the
brightest summer day. No one present saw any object, he saw only
light--light around him, light within him, followed by a crash so
deafening and bewildering that it was some minutes before any one
present was able to perceive what had taken place, much less to
realize it.

The lightning had struck the tower, glanced from it, bringing part
of the spire with it; had rent the west wall of the church, and had
shattered the slab on which, some minutes previously, Foulon and
Berthier had been standing.

This was the last effort of the storm; the sky lightened after this
explosion, the rain fell with less violence, and gradually ceased.

The congregation left the church. The torrent, which had rushed down
the hill, had in some places furrowed the graves and exposed the
dead. The grass was laid flat, and much of it was buried in silt.
Every wall and eave dripped, and the valley of the Charentonne lay
under water.

                             CHAPTER V.

Matthias André did not join the procession. He had been to mass in
the morning, for the Assumption was a day of obligation. And now
he sat smoking bad tobacco out of an old brown clay pipe, on the
seat before his door, facing due north, towards Bernay; there was
a corn-field on his right, cut off from the Isle of Swallows by
a rivulet of water--a field he had ploughed whilst his daughter
Gabrielle drove the horses, which he had sown with his own hands, and
which he had reaped. Gabrielle had bound the sheaves after him, and
now the shocks stood in goodly array, waiting to be garnered. They
had been waiting thus twelve days. The harvest was late this year,
owing to the cold spring. Much corn was down in the country, and
the tithe-cart of the monastery had been round to farm after farm,
and had come last to his. He did not dare to remove a sheaf till
the Abbey had taken its tenth; and after the monks came the revenue
officers, taking their twentieth. What the palmer-worm had left, the
locust devoured. Now came the feast-day, on which all work ceased, so
the good wheat remained a thirteenth day unstacked.

Sullen, with downcast eyes, sat the peasant without his coat, but in
his red velvetine waistcoat, drawing long whiffs from his pipe, and
blowing them leisurely through his nostrils.

Beside him sat a little wiry brown man, with coarse serge suit of
snuff-brown, face and hands, stockings and cap, to match. His eyes
were sharp and eager. This was Etienne Percenez, the colporteur.

‘You have not joined the procession, Matthias, my friend,’ said the
little man, filling a pipe.

‘For five and forty years I have supplicated God, our Lady, and the
Saints, to assist me in my poverty, and the answers to my prayers
have been doled out in such scant measure, that I have almost given
up prayer,’ answered André.

‘You must work as well as pray,’ quoth the little man, with his pipe
in his mouth.

‘Do I not work?’ asked the peasant-farmer, turning almost fiercely on
his friend; ‘I work from morning till night, and from the new year
to the new year. But what does that avail when the season is bad? A
hard winter, a late summer, and then fiery heat from June to August,
without a drop of rain. The grass is hardly worth mowing; the clover
is short and scanty, and the corn-crops are poor. When we thrash out
the wheat, we shall find the greater part of the ear is husk.’

‘Things may mend,’ said the colporteur; ‘they always reach their
worst before they right themselves. When we have the States-general,
why then we shall see, we shall see!’

Matthias shrugged his shoulders. ‘What did the Notables do for us
last year?’

‘The Notables are very different from the States-general. The
Notables were all chosen out of the nobility--one hundred and forty
oppressors met together, to decide how much greater oppression we
could be made to bear. But in the States-general, the oppressed will
have a voice, and can cry out.’

‘The Notables are summoned again.’

‘Yes, my friend, they are summoned by Necker, but not to consult
on the deficit, but to deliberate on the form of election to the
States-general, and on their composition.’

‘How great is the deficit?’

‘At the end of last year the expenditure surpassed the receipt by
one hundred and ten millions, and the deficit now amounts to sixteen
hundred and thirty millions. The exchequer cannot borrow money, for
Necker has discredited loans by publishing the state of the finances.
Do you think the Notables, the princes of blood-royal, the chiefs
of the nobility, the clergy and the magistracy, will pay the debt
out of their own pockets? No, no; they like to spend and not to pay.
Now, the king is going to call together the States-general. The
Notables pay! they saw only in Calonne’s scheme the spoliation of
the nobility and clergy, that is why they drove Calonne away, and
brought in Loménie de Brienne, the bishop, in his stead; they brought
a churchman into the ministry to bury the public credit, dead long
ago. De Brienne finds that there is no other resource but to take
possession of Calonne’s plans, and ask the Parliament of Paris to
consent to a vast loan. But the Parliament is made up of judges,
men grave and economical, and they are indignant at an impost on
their lands. Why should they be made to pay for Monsieur the Count
d’Artois’ fêtes, and the queen’s follies? Why consent to a debt ever
accumulating, and acquiesce in the ruin of France? Tell me that, my
friend Matthias. When the walls crack, we do not paste paper over
the rents to hide them--we dig down to the foundations, and we relay
them. Perhaps the Parliament of Paris thought this, my André, so they
appealed to the States-general. The States-general we shall have; and
then, Matthias, we, the oppressed, the tax-payers, the hungry--we
shall have a voice, and shall speak out; and, Matthias! we shall make
ourselves heard.’

‘Go on,’ said the farmer; ‘tell me the rest.’

‘The king declares that he will convoke the States-general.’

‘We shall speak out?’ asked André, hesitatingly.

‘Our own fault, if we do not.’

‘But they will punish us if we do.’

‘What, Matthias, punish all France! Remember, all France will speak.’

‘And we can tell the good king that the tax-gatherers, and the
excise, and the nobles, and the abbés, are crushing us? that they are
strangling us, that we are dying?’


‘And the tax-gatherers, and the excise, and the nobles, and the
abbés, cannot revenge themselves on us for saying that?’ André leaned
back and laughed. He had not laughed for many years, and his laugh
now was not that of gaiety.

‘A storm is rising,’ said Percenez, pointing over the hill.

‘Will the king listen to us?’

‘Yes, he will listen.’

‘But will he redress our wrong?’

‘We shall make him. He has put the means into our hands.’

The first roll of thunder was heard.

‘We shall be relieved of the taxes, the _gabelle_, the _corvée_?’

‘I do not say that; but the taxes will be levied on all alike.’

‘What! will the abbé and the noble pay six sous a livre for salt, and
pay the taille?’

‘Certainly, we shall make them pay. We pay, so must they.’

Again André leaned back and exploded into laughter, whilst from over
the hill the forked lightnings darted, and the thunder boomed.

The two men watched the approach of the tempest. The mutter of
the thunder was now unceasing, and the vault was illumined with
continuous flashes.

‘I must hasten home,’ said Etienne Percenez, ‘or my old dame will die
of fright at being alone in the storm.’

‘And I will go in,’ said André. But he did not go in at once; he
stood in his door. As Percenez crossed the foot-bridge, he heard his
friend bellow. Thinking he was calling, the little brown man turned
his head; he saw that André was laughing.

‘I cannot help it,’ roared the peasant; ‘to think of the nobles, the
intendants, and the abbés, paying taxes!’ and he roared again. Then
he signed to Percenez.

‘The storm is coming on.’

‘Very, very fast,’ cried the other, beginning to run.

Matthias went inside the house, and seated himself before the
fireless hearth, and listened to the wind growling round the eaves.
The rain splashed against the little window, glazed with round panes.
There was a leak in the roof, and through it the water dribbled upon
the floor of the bedroom overhead. It became so dark in the chamber,
that Matthias would have lit a candle, had not candles cost money.
The water swept down the window in waves; the house trembled at each
explosion of the thunder. Going to the door, the peasant saw by the
lightning no part of the landscape, for the rain falling in sheets
obscured everything. He shut the door; the flashes dazzled him. Then
he threw himself down on a bench, and put his hands to his ears, to
shut out the detonations of the thunder, and began to think about
Necker and the States-general, and the probability of the nobles and
clergy paying taxes, and this idea still presented itself to him in
such a novel and ludicrous light, that again he laughed aloud. All
at once an idea of another kind struck him, as his hand touched the
floor and encountered water. He leaped with a cry to his feet and
splashed over the floor. He rushed to the door. The darkness was
clearing, and by the returning light, as the rain began to cease,
and the surrounding hills to become visible, he observed every
lane converted into a torrent of brown fluid; the roads had become
watercourses, and were pouring turbid streams through the gates into
the fields and meadows. The Charentonne had risen, and was rising
every moment. The water was level with the bridge which conducted
into his corn-field, and that was above the surface of the ground,
for it rested on a small circumvallation raised to protect the
field from an overflow. For a moment he gazed at his wheat; then he
burst away through the sallows and willow-herbs which grew densely
together behind his cottage, drenching himself to the skin, and for
ever marring the crimson velvet waistcoat; and struggled through the
rising overflow and dripping bushes to the south point of his isle,
where usually extended a gravelly spit. That was now submerged; he
plunged forward, parting the boughs, and reached a break in the
coppice, whence he could look up the valley. At that moment the
sun shot from the watery rack overhead, and the bottom of the vale
answered with a glare. Its green meadows and yellow corn-fields were
covered with a sheet of glistening water, its surface streaked with
ripples, pouring relentlessly onwards, and lifting the water-line
higher as each broke. Clinging to a poplar, from which the drops
shivered about him, up to his middle in water, stood Matthias André,
stupefied with despair. Then slowly he turned, and worked his way

The few minutes of his absence had wrought a change. His garden was
covered, and the flood had dissolved or overleaped the dyke of the
corn-field, and was flowing around his shocks of wheat.

Nothing could possibly be done for the preservation of his harvest.
He stationed himself on the bench at his door, and watched the
water rise, and upset his sheaves, and float them off. Some went
down the river, some congregated in an eddy, and spun about; others
accumulating behind them, wedged them together, and formed a raft of

‘Go!’ shouted he to his corn-sheaves; ‘sodden and spoiled, I care not
if ye remain. Go! now I must starve outright, and Gabrielle--she must
starve too.’


Instantly it occurred to him that she was at the church, and would
need protection and assistance in returning.

He went inside and put on his coat, took a strong pole in his hand,
and bent his steps towards the foot-bridge. It was not washed away,
but it was under water. He felt for it with the pole, found it, and
crossed cautiously. Then he took the road to La Couture. Many people
met him. Recovered from their alarm, their tongues were loosened, and
they were detailing their impressions of the storm to one another.
André accosted a neighbour, and asked him if he had seen Gabrielle.
He had not; but supposed she was behind;--many, he said, were still
in the churchyard, waiting for the flood to subside.

Some old women, who lived in a cottage only a hundred paces beyond
the stile across which André strode into the road from his islet, now
came towards him.

‘Neighbour Elizabeth, have you seen my child?’

‘No, Gaffer André.’

A little farther on he met a girl-friend of Gabrielle’s, in white,
with her wreath somewhat faded, and her candle extinguished.

‘Josephine! where is my little one?’

‘I do not know, father André; I have been looking for her amongst the
girls of our society, but I could not find her.’

‘Do you think she is still in the church?’

‘That may be, but I do not think it is likely; you know that the
lightning struck the spire.’

‘Was any one killed?’

‘No; but we were all dreadfully frightened.’

Matthias pushed on. He questioned all who passed, but could gain
no tidings of Gabrielle. Several, it is true, had seen her in the
procession; some had noticed her in the church; but none remembered
to have observed her after the fall of the lightning.

André was not, however, alarmed. He thought that possibly his
daughter was still in church, praying; probably she was with some
friend in a cottage at La Couture. Gabrielle had many acquaintances
in that little village, and nothing was more probable than that one
of them should have invited the girl home to rest, and take some
refreshment, till it was ascertained that the water had sufficiently
subsided to permit of her return to the Isle of Swallows.

When he reached La Couture, he went direct to the church. He was
shocked to see the havoc created there by the bursting of the
storm; workmen were already engaged in filling the graves that had
been ploughed up by the currents, and covering the coffins which had
been exposed; head-crosses lay prostrate and strewn about, and the
sites of some graves had completely disappeared. A knot of people
stood at the west end of the church, gazing at the ruin effected by
the lightning; the summit of the spire was cloven, a portion leaned
outward, the lead was curled up like a ram’s horn, and a strip of
the metal dissolved by the electric fluid exposed the wooden rafters
and framework of the spire. The stroke had then glanced to the apex
of the nave gable, thrown down the iron cross surmounting it, had
split the wall, shattered the glass, and then had fallen upon and
perforated the threshold.

Matthias André entered the church, and sought through its chapels for
his daughter. She was not there. No one was in the sacred building.

Then he entered the village, and visited one house after another. No
one had tidings to tell of Gabrielle. The father became anxious. He
enquired for the girl who had borne the banner of the Blessed Virgin.
He asked her about his daughter, who had stood near her, holding the
leading ribbon.

She had seen Gabrielle, of course she had, when they entered the
church; she sat near her in the aisle during vespers. When the
storm came on, Gabrielle seemed to be greatly alarmed; she must have
fainted when the lightning fell, because two gentlemen had carried
her out of church.

Whilst the girl spoke, she stood in the doorway of her cottage,
holding the trunk of a vine which was trellised over the front of the
house and a small open balcony, to which a flight of stairs outside
the dwelling gave access.

The girl was the sister of Jean Lebertre, curé of the church, and she
kept house for her brother. During the conversation, a priest stepped
out of the upper room that opened on to the balcony, and leaning his
elbows on the wooden rail, looked down on André.

‘What is the matter?’ he asked.

Matthias turned his face to the questioner. It was Lindet.

‘I cannot discover what has become of my daughter, Monsieur le Curé.
Pauline, here, asserts that she fainted in church at the great
thunder-clap, and that she was carried out by two gentlemen.’

In a moment, Lindet strode down the stairs, and said, looking fixedly
with his bright eyes on the girl:

‘Answer me, Pauline, who were those gentlemen?’

‘I do not know, monsieur.’

‘What were they like?’

‘Ma foi! I was so dazzled that I hardly know.’

‘Are you sure they were gentlemen?’

‘Oh, monsieur! of course they were. One had on a velvet coat.’

‘Of what colour?’

‘Reddish-brown, I think.’

‘And is that all you observed of him?’

‘He wore a sword.’

‘And the other?’

‘The other gentleman was quite old.’

‘Did you see the face of the first?’

‘I think so.’

‘And did you notice any peculiarity? Consider, Pauline.’

‘His eyes were strange. The sockets seemed inflamed.’

Lindet beat his hands together; André folded his arms doggedly, and
his chin sank on his breast, whilst a cloud settled on his brow.

‘That is enough,’ he said, in sullen tones; ‘I am going home.’

Lindet caught his arm.

‘Are you going home, man?’

‘Yes, I am tired. I have lost my crops, I have lost my daughter, and,
what is worst, I have spoilt my best waistcoat.’

‘What! will you not make further enquiries? Your daughter will be
ruined,’ said Lindet, vehemently.

‘Why make further enquiries? I know now where she is.’

‘And will you make no effort to recover her?’

‘Why should I? I can do nothing. The poor cannot resist the great.
The storm came on just now, and the lightning smote yon spire. Why
did you not make an effort to protect the spire? Because you were
powerless against the bolt of heaven. Well! that is why I make no
attempt to protect my child; what could I do to oppose the will of an
Intendant, a great man at Court, and very rich?’

‘The child will be ruined. Make an attempt to save her.’

André shook his head.

‘No attempt I could make would save her; no attempt I could make
would save my corn either. I shall go home and wipe my waistcoat;
perhaps I may save _that_ from utter ruin.’

                             CHAPTER VI.

Thomas Lindet was not satisfied. Some effort must be made to
rescue the girl. If the father would not move, he must. He started
immediately for the château. He was an impetuous man; what he
resolved on doing he did at once, as quickly as he could.

In half an hour he was at the Château Malouve.

The house was small and modern. It stood by itself, with the woods
for a background, on the slope of the hill, facing south-east. The
ground before it fell rapidly away towards the valley, and was
in field and pasture. A terrace had been formed in front of the
house, with a pond in the midst, and a triton to spout water from a
conch-shell. But as the château occupied high ground, and there was
little water on a higher level, the triton maintained in wet weather
an inconsiderable dribble, which not even the storm of that day could
convert into a jet; but in hot weather it was dry.

The château was flanked by two square blocks, the roofs of which were
capped with tower-roofs and weathercocks. The body of the building
had the high exaggerated roof of Louis XIV’s time, pierced with
attic louvres. Every window was provided with emerald green shutters,
and the walls being of a chalky whiteness, the house had a gay and
smiling appearance.

M. Berthier had a large house in Paris, in which he resided the major
portion of the year, only visiting Malouve in the summer for a month
or two.

At the back of the château was a yard, one side occupied by stables,
another by servants’ offices; access to this yard was obtained
through an iron gate painted green and gold, set in a lofty iron
railing, very gay with paint, very strong and insurmountable,
the spikes at the summit being split and contorted so as to
form a pretty, but, at the same time, an eminently practical

As Thomas Lindet approached the gate, two hounds rushed out of their
kennels before the coach-house door, and barked furiously. One was
chained, but the other, by accident, had got loose, the staple which
fastened the chain having given way; and the brute now flew to the
gates, dragging the clanking links after him, and leaped against the
iron bars.

The shovel hat and black cassock were an unusual sight to the dog,
and the costume of the priest excited it to a pitch of fury. First
it set its head down, with the paws extended, rolled back its
lips exposing the pink gums and white fangs, and growled; then it
leaped up the iron rails, as though desirous of scrambling over
them, started back, barked furiously; its chained brother assisting
vociferously. The eyes of the hound became bloodshot. It flung itself
again and again at the gate, it ran along the line of rails, leaping
on the dwarf wall in which they were fixed, and slipping instantly
off it, scrambling up again, and catching at the bars with its teeth,
searching along the whole length for a gap, through which it could
force its way; sometimes thrusting its head between the rods, and
then, nipped by them, becoming more furious; racing back to the great
gates, scraping at the earth under them with intent to burrow a way
to get at the priest, but always unsuccessful.

Lindet rang the great bell.

A rakish-looking footman opened the glass doors of the house,
looked out and called ‘Poulet! Poulet!’ to the hound, but it paid
no attention, so the footman sauntered to the stable and then to
the coach-house, in search of a groom. As he passed the kennel, he
kept at some distance from the chained dog, but addressed it in a
conciliatory tone--‘Eh bien! Pigeon, mon ami! Soyez tranquil, cher
Pigeon.’ But the Pigeon paid no more attention to this advice than
did the Chicken to his calls.

Not being able to find the groom, the footman leisurely visited the
garden, and called, not too loudly, ‘Gustave!’ Gustave, the gardener,
having at last turned up, a little conversation ensued between him
and Adolphe, the footman, which ended in both appearing in the court,
and making towards the hound from opposite quarters, Adolphe keeping
unduly in the rear.

Having approached the dog--which by this time had worked itself into
a mad rage, apparently quite ungovernable--within such distance as
Gustave, on one side, and Adolphe on the other, respectively thought
consistent with prudence, ‘Come on, my brave fellow, excellent dog,
worthy hound, trustiest of chickens!’ called Adolphe, ‘come, don’t
be a naughty child. Come, be docile once more, and all shall be

‘Come this way, you rascal!’ roared Gustave authoritatively, ‘come
and let me chain you up, or, sapristi! I’ll dash your brains out,
I’ll tear the liver out of you, I’ll poke your red eyes out, I’ll cut
off your bloodthirsty tongue. Sacré! I give you three minutes by the
clock, and, ventre gris! if you don’t obey me, I’ll be the death of
you. Come, you insolent, audacious ruffian. Come this moment!’

But the dog paid not the slightest attention to the entreaties of
Adolphe and the threats of Gustave.

Lindet folded his arms, and looked on the men contemptuously. They
were both afraid of the hound, but pretended that they were not.

‘You must give him rein,’ said Adolphe; ‘he will exhaust himself, and
the poulet will be an angel once more.’

‘Not for a moment,’ roared Gustave; ‘suffer that demon an inch of
liberty; never! He shall be chained to a block of stone,--he shall
not move a paw, he shall not open his mouth, he shall not wink an
eye. He shall have no meat for a thousand days, till the devil in him
is expelled!’

‘I will fetch the dear fellow a sponge-cake. I know he loves sweets,
do you not, my Poulet? And above all sweets, sponge-cake; yes, in one
moment! Be gentle till my return.’

‘I will get my double-weighted whip, with lead in it, and fifty
thousand knots in the lash, and nails in each knot, and the nails
rusty, and crooked, and spiked. Ah! ha! they will make the devil
jump; they will make the devil bleed! Sapristi! I will cut and chop
and mangle his accursed hide.’

‘Bah!’ said a creaky voice.

M. Foulon was there. He had heard the noise, which was indeed
deafening, and had descended to the yard from his room. He was in
his brown topcoat, and the little wiry pigtail with its huge bow
protruded over it like a monstrous dragon-fly that had alighted on
his collar.

‘Bah! you are three fools,’ said he; then, drawing his great gold
snuff-box from his breast pocket, he poured some of the dust into
his hand, snuffed it up himself, strewing his face with particles
of tobacco, then he emptied half that remained in the box into his
hand, and walked leisurely up to Poulet.

‘Eh bien, Poulet!’ said he, with a tone of mingled banter and
defiance. The hound turned its head instantly, snarled, cowered, and
the old man flung the snuff into its face.

‘Now you may go and wink and sneeze your superfluous spirits away,
you chicken, you!’ Foulon continued; ‘now you may go to your darling
brother Pigeon, and you may tell him that you do not like snuff, that
snuff is expensive, because of the excise; that we have a monopoly of
tobacco, and that the revenue gains by tobacco. Do you understand,
Poulet? Well, go and tell Pigeon all about it. Here, I will help
you.’ He caught the end of the chain, and drew the dog after him to
its kennel. The brute’s attention was engrossed by its own distress,
the snuff in its eyes blinded it, the snuff up its nose afflicted it
with sneezing, and down its throat choked it.

Foulon called to Gustave for a hammer. Adolphe ran with alacrity to
look for one, Gustave brought one. The old man calmly snuffed again,
then took the hammer and riveted the staple. ‘Now, then, you rascal,’
said he, turning abruptly upon the footman; ‘do you not see that you
have left Monsieur le Curé outside the gate? How thoughtless, how

Adolphe bounded to the railing and unlocked the iron gate. Thomas
Lindet walked past him, and went straight towards Monsieur Foulon.

The old gentleman removed his hat and bowed courteously; the priest,
absorbed in the purpose of his visit, had forgotten these courtesies.
He now bent towards Foulon stiffly, and raised his shovel hat.

‘You have done me an honour I never hoped to have enjoyed. This day
you have made me a proud man; hitherto I have been humble. Beware, my
dear curé, or you will blow me up into extravagant conceit.’

Lindet looked at him with surprise.

‘You did me the honour of preaching an observation I made within your
hearing to my excellent son-in-law, the good Berthier. I did not know
that my remarks were so valuable, so deserving of repetition.’

‘I have come to speak of quite another matter,’ said Lindet.

‘Indeed! I thought your visit was one of congratulation to the poor
old man, Foulon, on having made a shrewd and pertinent remark at
last--at last, after so many years of stupidity, Foulon has given
promise of being witty and wise. But allow me to observe that you did
not give my remarks exactly as they were made. Not that a word or
two is of consequence, but still accuracy is a point--a point, you
understand, we revenue farmers learn to appreciate.’

‘Sir, I came here----’

‘Pardon me, my dear curé, we will stick to the point. The expressions
I used were these. “Bah!--” you did not render that interjection in
your version. Now, that interjection is expressive; besides, it is
characteristic; I always use it. Well, I said, “Bah! if the peasants
are hungry, let them browse grass. Wait till I am minister, I will
make them eat hay; my horses eat hay.” You left out the words “wait
till I am minister.” Be exact, my good friend; exactness is a virtue.’

‘M. Foulon, I have come here----’

‘One moment, my good curé; here is a little lesson of Christian
forgiveness for you to take home with you. This day you desired to
turn loose these hungry peasants on me; this day I have chained up a
savage bloodhound that was ravening to be at your throat. Now, what
have you to say?’

‘I want to know where is the girl Gabrielle André, whom your
son-in-law, M. Berthier, and you, M. Foulon, carried out of church
this afternoon?’

‘Bah! I am ashamed of my good, model curé. He is as bad as we naughty
laymen, and runs after pretty girls and petticoats.’

Lindet clenched his hands and teeth.

‘She is your charming niece, is she not? Ah, ha! my sad scapegrace of
a curé!’

‘M. Foulon, I will not have this,’ said the priest, passionately;
‘this insult is intolerable.’

‘Then you can always leave the court,’ answered the old man; ‘see!
the door is open. But we will not quarrel. Come along into the hall
and have some refreshment.’

Lindet stamped. The imperturbable coolness and insolence of the old
gentleman exasperated his fiery spirit.

‘Come, come, cool down,’ said Foulon; ‘I did not mean to irritate
you. Is the girl your relative?’


‘Of course, then, she is one of your parishioners?’

‘No, she is not.’

‘Then, pardon me, but I am surprised at your taking so much trouble,
and running the risk of being torn to pieces by those villanous dogs,
to make enquiries about her. I will answer all your enquiries with
the utmost frankness, if you can assure me that her father authorized
you to come here and demand her.’

Lindet’s face became crimson. He bit his lips with vexation. That he
was completely at the old man’s mercy, he felt; and he was conscious
that the revenue-farmer was making him ridiculous.

‘I insist on knowing whether the girl is here. I know her father and
her, and I have a perfect right to make these enquiries. I now ask to
see her. You dare not keep her here against her father’s and her own

‘You are the most inconsequent of curés,’ exclaimed Foulon, laughing
gently; ‘you ask to see her, and you ask at the same time whether she
is here. I neither say that she is here, nor that she is not here.
As to your seeing her, that is out of the question. If she be not
here, how can I show her to you? If she be here, I do not bring the
chambermaids into the courtyard to receive pastoral exhortations.’

Whilst speaking with Lindet, the old gentleman had moved slowly
towards the gates of the yard: Lindet had followed him, without
observing whither he was conducting him. Thus Foulon had drawn him
outside the rails. Now, having finished this last insulting speech,
spoken with an air of politeness and cordiality, he suddenly turned
on his heel, stepped within, slammed and locked the iron gates of the
enclosure, leaving Lindet without.

The curé attempted to speak again; but Foulon retired, waving his
hand and hat, and bowing courteously. Then he made the circuit of the
house, in hopes of finding another door, but was baffled. It is true
there was a small door in a high wall, which led into the garden, but
it was fastened from within. The terrace was so raised, being built
up from the slope, that it could not be reached, and on every other
side the château was enclosed by walls and rails.

Lindet wasted a few minutes in making the round of the premises,
feeling all the while that he should be at a loss what course to
pursue, even if he did penetrate once more within. At last he
desisted and retired, satisfied that the only person who could claim
access to the girl, with any chance of obtaining it, was her father;
and Lindet was convinced that he could not be stimulated to make the

Had Lindet accompanied André home to les Hirondelles, instead of
rashly going himself in quest of Gabrielle, he would have done her a
greater service.

When Matthias André returned to les Hirondelles, he found that
the water had subsided almost as rapidly as it had risen. The
plank-bridge was no longer submerged, and the garden and house were
clear. The corn-field presented the appearance of a large pond, but
that was because the dyke retained the water; there being no gap in
it, there was no drainage.

To his amazement, he saw M. Berthier seated at his door. André
scowled at him, but deferentially removed his bonnet.

‘Good evening, man!’ said the Intendant, nodding, but not rising from
his seat. ‘Your name is Matthias André, is it not?’

‘Yes, monsieur.’

‘Ah! your daughter was at the church this afternoon?’

‘She was, monsieur, and I cannot find her----’

‘I know, I know,’ interrupted Berthier; ‘I can tell you more about
her than you could tell me.’

‘Monsieur, I heard that you and your honoured father-in-law
had removed her from the church, when she fainted during the

‘You heard aright,’ said Berthier. ‘There was evident danger in
remaining within. The spire might fall at any moment and bury
those in the church under its ruins. We saw a girl near us fall,
and thinking she had been injured by the lightning, we carried her
out and transported her to my house. We did not know where was her
home. She is now with my wife, Madame Berthier, who has taken great
interest in her.’

André remained standing before him with his eyes on the ground. He
knew that Berthier was deceiving him, and the Intendant did not care
to do more than give his account of what had really taken place, a
superficially plausible colour.

‘I see your wheat is under water,’ said the stout gentleman, pointing
with his thumb towards the submerged field, and then, drawing his
handkerchief from his pocket, he twisted the corner into a little
screw and ran it round the lids of his eyes in succession.

‘Yes, monsieur, all my crop is destroyed.’

‘And what have you to subsist upon now?’


‘Can you pay the tax?’

‘I do not know.’

‘Have you any money laid by, to help you out of your difficulties?
Of course, in prosperous times, you have put aside a nice sum to fall
back upon?’

‘Monsieur! how can a peasant lay by? The revenue absorbs all his
profits, and leaves him barely enough for his subsistence. He may
live in times of plenty; in times of scarcity he must die.’

‘Then what do you intend doing?’

Matthias shrugged his shoulders.

‘All depends on the winter. I have a few potatoes. I must sell this
wet corn--it will all be mouldy--for what it will fetch. Ah! if I
could have garnered it three days ago, or even yesterday. I shall
starve.’ He groaned.

‘And your daughter will starve with you!’

André answered with a scowl.

‘Do you owe any money?’

‘Yes; I owe Jacob Maître, the usurer, four hundred crowns.’

‘You cannot pay him?’

‘No. I have been in debt a long while; he threatens, and I had hoped
to pay him off a part this year.’

‘And now he must wait?’

‘He will not wait.’

‘How so?’

‘He will put me in prison.’

‘And whilst you are in prison, what will your daughter do?’

‘God knows!’ André bowed his head lower, and began to mutter to

‘What are you saying?’ asked the Intendant.

‘Nothing,’ answered the peasant, doggedly.

‘But I will hear,’ said Berthier.

‘I said if God would not provide, then the devil must.’

‘Goodman André, that is a somewhat shocking sentiment. Besides, it
is not altogether true; there may be a half measure, you know. Now
madame, my wife,--a very worthy, pious woman--a little of heaven one
way, but a deuced black and ugly one--a little of hell the other
way,--she is the person to do it. She has commissioned me to ask
you to allow her to retain your child as her servant. That is her
message. She wants an active girl to wait upon her, and she has
taken a fancy to your daughter. I do not interfere in household
matters--understand that--but my good wife, being unable, or
disinclined, to come here and see you on the subject, has persuaded
me to do her work. I am goodnatured, I am fat; fat people are always
goodnatured, so I yield to my wife in everything. I am her slave--her
factotum. It is a pity to be goodnatured; one is imposed upon, even
by the best of wives.’

André did not speak; through the corner of his eyes he was
contemplating his submerged corn-field. He knew still that
Berthier was deceiving him, and he was calculating the chances
of the approaching winter. Would his potatoes last, even if Jacob
Maître did not come down upon him? Would not the usurer seize on
everything,--his cow, his horse, his cart, his potatoes, his bed and
furniture, his very clothes?

Berthier took some money out of his pocket, and made twelve little
heaps on the seat beside him.

‘What do you say to me, in my generosity, giving you six months’
wage for your girl in advance? This is very reckless of me, because
I really do not know whether she will suit madame or not. Madame is
capricious, she sometimes sends away a dozen servants in the year.
However, as you are in great distress, and I am constitutionally
liberal--fat people are always liberal--I say, well, I will risk it.
You shall have six months’ wage in advance, and the wage is good; it
is high, very high. Count.’

André touched one of the little heaps with his finger, and upset the
silver pieces, that he might reckon their number; then he counted the
heaps, and multiplied the sum in one by six; then he doubled that.

He would not speak yet.

Berthier substituted gold for some of the silver. Rarely had gold
passed through the peasant’s fingers. He took the piece up in his
trembling palm, turned it over, and looked at it fixedly. His hand
shook as with the palsy, and the gold piece fell from it into the
mud. André’s brow became beaded with perspiration. He stooped, and
picking it up hastily, went to a pitcher and washed it reverently,
and then replaced it on the bench.

‘Well, man!’ said the Intendant, taking his pocket-handkerchief and
spreading it on his knee. It was stained.

Matthias moodily entered the stable, produced a pick, and walked
into his potato-croft. Berthier stared after him, uncertain whether
by this action he designed in his boorish manner to express his
determination to break off the transaction. Matthias began to dig up
a row of potatoes, and Berthier saw him take up the roots, and count
the tubers on each, and measure them with his eye.

Presently he returned with a lap-full; these he measured in a bushel,
and made a rough calculation of the number he should gather from his
little croft.

The gloom on his face became deeper. Then he went into the cow-house
and remained there a few minutes. After that he entered the little
orchard of some dozen trees, and estimated the yield of apples; then
he returned to the house, opened the clothes-chest, and threw all
the articles of wearing apparel on the table and bench, and made a
mental valuation of them. There were some silver ornaments,--round
perforated buttons and a brooch that Gabrielle wore on great fêtes;
an heirloom. The peasant was unable to estimate their value, so he
brought them out to the Intendant, and said, sulkily:

‘What are these worth?’

Berthier weighed them in his hand, laughed, and said:

‘The value of the silver is trifling--five or eight francs, at the

The wretched father carried them back into the house.

Presently he came out in a vacillating, uneasy way--his mind hardly
made up.

‘You promise me that it is only madame who will have anything to do
with my Gabrielle?’ he said.

‘I promise you that! of course I will. She will be with madame night
and day; will scarcely be out of her sight. Will that content you?’

André still mused, and refrained from giving a decided answer.

Just then he caught sight of the money-lender, Jacob Maître, a
short-built, red-whiskered and bearded man, with thick overhanging
red brows, standing on the dyke, contemplating the havoc made in
André’s field by the flood.

That sight determined him. He bent, gathered up six of the heaps of
silver between his palms, rushed with it into his cottage, and bolted
the door.

                            CHAPTER VII.

After Berthier had seen Gabrielle safely locked up in one of the
towers that formed the extremities of his house, at Foulon’s advice
he had visited the Isle des Hirondelles.

Madame Berthier had returned from the church, and was in her own
chamber, at the farther end of the house.

This unhappy woman was Foulon’s daughter; towards her he had never
shown the least paternal love. Possibly it was not in his nature to
exhibit love. She had never been beautiful, having inherited her
father’s hatchet-face; in addition to her plainness was her colour;
her complexion was of an ashen blue-grey, the result of having taken
much nitrate of silver medicinally. Her plainness and her complexion
being neither of them attractive, Berthier made no pretence of loving
her, and Foulon did not exact it of him. Berthier, the Intendant, or
Sheriff of Paris, a man of humble extraction, being descended from a
race of provincial attorneys, had worked his way into prominence and
power by his shrewdness and unscrupulousness. He had married Foulon’s
daughter for the sake of some money she inherited from her mother,
but chiefly in hopes of one day possessing his father-in-law’s large

Foulon had begun his career as an intendant of the army, and had
amassed immense wealth by victualling badly and charging high. The
soldiers fasted or fed on garbage, that Foulon might fatten. He was
both a contractor for the army, and one of the commission appointed
to watch and check the contractors.

Madame Berthier was naturally a woman of a warm and affectionate
disposition; but meeting with no response from her husband or her
father, and, through repeated humiliations to which she was subjected
by her profligate husband, all that warmth had accumulated into
a fire which burned in her bosom, consuming her, disturbing her
intellect, and wrecking her constitution.

She was a tall thin woman, dressed wholly in black. Her hair was
grey, a silvery grey, contrasting painfully with the blue-grey of
her face. Her large hazel eyes were clear and bright, but their
brilliance was unnatural, and impressed a stranger with a conviction
that they betokened a mental condition on the borders of insanity.

Her sitting-room was quite square, with a window to the east,
another to the west, and a third to the south. It was painted yellow
throughout; the curtains were of orange damask, and a patch of
yellow rug occupied the centre of the polished floor.

In the midst of this chamber sat Madame Berthier, making cat’s
cradles, her favourite amusement, and one with which she would occupy
herself during long hours of loneliness. By constant practice she
was able to accomplish all the usual changes with the threads very
rapidly, and she was frequently puzzling out new arrangements with an
interest and application completely engrossing.

On her shoulders couched a Persian cat, of great size, with long
hair. It had been white originally, but Madame Berthier had dyed it
saffron; the saffron stains were on her grey hands, as she wrought
with her threads. The appearance of the cat was unpleasant, for being
by nature an Albino, its eyes were pink, and they seemed unnaturally
faint, when contrasted with the vivid colouring of its coat. The
cat sat very composedly on her shoulder, with its round yellow face
against hers, and its paws dangling on her bosom.

‘Be patient, Gabriel,’ said she to the cat, who moved uneasily on her
shoulder, as his quick ear caught the sound of steps in the corridor.
‘We must all acquire patience; it is a heavenly virtue, but it is,
oh! so hard to obtain.’

Berthier tapped at the door, opened it, and introduced himself and

The cat rose, balancing itself nicely where it had been reposing,
set up its back and tail, stretched itself, and then re-settled.

‘Well now, madame,’ said Monsieur Berthier; ‘making cradles still, I

The lady worked vigorously with her threads, and did not look up or
answer her husband.

‘Look this way, Madame Plomb.’

She threw up her head, bit her lower lip, and stamped her foot
impatiently. As her eye lit on Gabrielle it remained fixed, and her
complexion became more deadly.

‘I have brought a new servant to attend on you,’ continued Berthier.
‘Are you listening to me, Madame Plomb?’

Again she stamped, but she would not speak.

‘You will take great care of her, my Angel! and you will pay especial
regard to her morals, mind that, my Beauty! I have promised her
father that she shall be under your charge, and that you shall take
care that she be virtuous and pious.’

Madame Berthier would neither look at him, nor speak to him. He knew
that she struggled daily with herself to maintain composure, and to
restrain her tongue, in his presence, and he amused himself inventing
a thousand means of insulting and irritating her, till he had wrought
her into frenzy.

‘I am sure you will like this new addition to your little staff,’
continued the Intendant, placing his large hands on Gabrielle’s
shoulders, and thrusting her forward.

The girl cowered under his touch, and an expression of horror and
loathing passed across her face. Madame Berthier, whose eyes were
fastened on her, saw this and laughed aloud.

‘What! not a word for your Zoozoo! Cruel madame, not to look at, or
speak to, your own devoted husband.’

No; not a look or a word. The poor wife sought to ignore him. She
began diligently to weave her cat’s cradles, though her eyes still
rested on Gabrielle. Maybe she trembled a little, for the yellow cat
mewed fretfully, and shifted its position slightly, then rubbed its
head against her blue cheek, as if beseeching not to be disturbed.

‘This little mignonne is a gem--a beauty of the first water. You must
be very careful of her; such pretty little faces would bewitch half
mankind. Look, madame! what a ripe luscious tint, what a rich and
glowing complexion, like a peach, is it not? It is flesh--actually
warm, soft, rosy flesh; it is not _lead_.’

Madame Berthier uttered a cry at this coarse insult, and covered her
face with her hands.

‘You should wear gloves, Madame Plomb,’ continued her husband, ‘and
then you might cover your face with some prospect of concealing your
complexion. But what do I see? You have been dyeing your hands with
saffron. Actually trying to gild lead.’

The wretched woman threw down her cat, sprang to her feet and fled
out of the room, down the corridor which extended the length of the
house, from one tower to the other. She was caught almost instantly
in her father’s arms.

‘How now!’ exclaimed the old man. ‘How is this, my little Imogène? In
a pet! one of your little naughty tantrums! Naughty Imogène!’

‘My father!’ cried the unhappy woman, ‘why did you marry me to that

‘Tut, tut,’ said M. Foulon, disengaging himself from her. ‘You ask me
that so often, that I am obliged to formularize my answers and your
questions into a sort of catechism. How does it begin? Ah! Where were
you married? _Answer_: At S. Sulpice. Who by? _Answer_: By Father
Mafitte. What were you asked? _Answer_: Wilt thou have this man to
thy wedded husband? _Answer_: I will. Now, then, whose doing was it
that you were married to Monsieur Berthier? Why, your own, child!’

‘Father, take me away.’

‘Imogène, what nonsense! May I offer you my arm to conduct you back
to your yellow chamber?’

‘Father,’ she wrung her hands, ‘he insults me.’

‘He has his little jokes about your complexion, eh? Bah! you should
not be such a baby as to mind his playful banter. He is a boy, gay at
heart, and very facetious.’

‘It is not that,’ moaned the wretched woman; ‘he brings young girls
here,--and I his wife have to receive them, and---- Oh, father! take
me away, or I shall go raging mad!’

‘Bah! young men will be young men--not that Berthier is such a youth,
either! You must not exact too much. Look at your face in the glass,
and then say,--can he find much satisfaction therein? Is it not
natural that the butterfly should seek brighter and fairer flowers?’

‘You have no heart.’

‘Imogène, I never pretended to possess those gushing sentiments which
make fools of men and women. I am a man of reason, not sentiment. I
have no passions. You never saw me angry, jealous, loving,--never! I
think, I reason, I calculate, I do not feel and sympathize; I am all
intelligence, not emotion. Bah! Take things coolly. Say to yourself,
What is reasonable? Is it reasonable that Berthier should profess
ardent passion for me, who am plain and blue? No, it is preposterous;
therefore I acquiesce in what is natural.’

‘You take his part against me.’

‘I take the part of common sense, Imogène. I cannot say to Berthier,
be a hypocrite, go against nature. I always accept human nature as I
find it, and I never attempt to force the stream into a channel too
strait for it.’

Madame Berthier stood looking from side to side distractedly. ‘I find
no help anywhere!’ she moaned.

‘Imogène, you have plenty to eat, good wine to drink, first-rate
cookery; you employ an accomplished milliner; your rooms are
handsomely furnished; you can drive out when it pleases you. What
more _can_ you want?’

‘Love,’ answered the poor woman. ‘I am always hungry. I am always in
pain here,’ she pointed to her breast; ‘I want, I want, I want, and I
never get what I desire.’ Then uttering another cry, like that which
had escaped her when her husband insulted her, and running along the
corridor from side to side, like a bird striving to escape, she beat
the walls on this side, then on that, with her hands, uttering at
intervals her piercing wail.

Berthier came into the corridor and joined his father-in-law. ‘There
is nothing more offensive to persons of sentiment than fact,’ said
Foulon, brushing the tobacco from his nose and cheeks. ‘Before fact
down go Religion, Poetry, Ethics, Art. People live in a dream-world,
which they people with phantoms. Show them that all is a delusion,
and they are wretched--they love to be deceived. Bah! I hate
sentiment. It is on sentiment that Religion and Morality are based.
What is sentiment? On my honour, I cannot tell.’

On reaching the end of the corridor, Madame Berthier stood still, and
turning towards her husband and father, she raised her hands, and
cried, as she did in church:

‘Avenge me on my adversaries!’

Then, becoming calmer, she called:

‘Gabriel!’ For the cat was standing at her door, and was mewing. The
strangely-dyed beast, hearing her call, darted past the two men, and
seating itself before her, looked up into her face.

‘My faithful Gabriel!’ she said. Then with a single bound it reached
her shoulder, and placing its fore paws together balanced itself,
whilst she walked slowly up the passage. The appearance of the woman
in the dusk, in her long black gown and shawl, with her frightful
head on one side to give room for the cat to stand comfortably, was
wild and ghostly.

She approached her husband and her father slowly. As she passed them,
she turned her face towards Foulon, and said: ‘I have looked to you
for help,’ she touched him with her stained finger. ‘I have looked to
you for help,’ she touched Berthier on the breast, turning to him;
‘I find none.’ Throwing her hand up and pointing out of the window
towards the evening star, that glittered above the horizon,--‘Queen
of heaven, I have looked to you! And,’ she continued in a low voice,
hoarse with suppressed emotion, ‘if she gives me none, I shall seek
help in myself.’

‘That is sensible, Imogène,’ said Foulon; ‘one should find resources
in one’s self.’

‘Mind,’ she said, sharply; ‘I ask for love. If I do not get it, I
take revenge.’ Then she swept into her room, and shut the door.

Gabrielle was there in her white dress and veil, scarcely less pale
than her garments. The roses in her wreath exhaled a strong odour as
they faded. She stood where she had been placed by Berthier, nearly
in the middle of the room. The evening was rapidly closing in. The
sun had set, but through the west window the light from the horizon

Madame Berthier threw herself into a seat and looked at Gabrielle.

‘Are you a bride?’ she asked, in a harsh voice.

‘No, madame,’ answered the girl, trembling.

‘Ah! no. You were one of those in procession to-day.’

‘Yes, madame.’

‘How came you here?’

‘Madame, I think I fainted at the thunderclap, and I remember no
more, till I was brought through the yard into this house.’

‘Have you been here before?’

‘Madame, I have been to the Chateau sometimes with my roses.’

‘What roses?’

‘The bunches that I sell.’

‘Then you are the flower-girl, are you, whom I have seen at the gate

‘Yes, madame.’

‘Why have you been brought here, do you know?’

Gabrielle burst into tears, threw herself on her knees, and
stretching out her hands towards the lady entreated:--‘Oh madame,
dear, good madame! send me home, pray let me out of this dreadful
house. Madame, I want to go home to my father; pray, good madame, for
the love of Our Lady!’

‘Child,’ said Berthier’s wife, ‘are you not here by free choice?’

‘Oh no, no!’ cried Gabrielle. ‘Only let me go, that I may run home.’

‘Where do you live?’

‘At Les Hirondelles.’

‘What is your name?’

‘Gabrielle André.’


‘Yes, madame.’

The strange woman uttered a scream of joy; caught her cat in her
hands, and held it up before the girl.

‘See, see!’ she said; ‘this is Gabriel, my own precious Gabriel!’

She softened towards the poor child at once.

‘Come nearer,’ she said. ‘What have you let fall? Ah! your taper.
They brought that with you, did they?’

‘Madame, I think I had it fast in my hand.’

‘Wait,’ said the lady. She struck a light, and kindled the taper,
which Gabrielle had raised from the floor.

‘Just so,’ continued she; ‘hold the light before you, and remain
kneeling, that I may see your face; but do not kneel to me; see! turn
yonder, towards the western sky, and the dying light, and the evening

Gabrielle slightly shifted her position, too frightened to do
anything except obey mechanically.

‘You are very pretty,’ said Madame Berthier. ‘How very beautiful you
are! Do you know that?’

‘Madame!’ Gabrielle was too much alarmed to colour.

‘Now, tell me, do you know M. Berthier?’

‘Oh, madame!’ the girl said, with a sob, as her tears began to flow;
‘I dread him most of all. He frightens me. He is wicked; he pursues
me with his eyes. Father had just promised that I should never come
to this house again, because, because----’ she was interrupted by
her tears.

‘Go on, Gabrielle.’

‘Because he ran after me in the forest, and the curé saved me from
him, just as he caught me up.’

‘You do not like Berthier; I saw it in your face.’

‘Oh, madame! how could I?’

The lady laughed a little, chuckling to herself. Presently she
addressed Gabrielle again.

‘Do you know me?’

‘No, madame.’

‘Do you know my name?’

‘You are called Madame Plomb,’ said Gabrielle, hesitatingly.

The woman stamped passionately on the floor, and jerked the yellow
cat off her shoulder.

‘Who told you that? Why do you call me that?’

‘Oh, madame! I am so sorry, but I heard Monsieur Berthier address you
by that name. I meant no offence.’

‘Listen to me, child.’ The lady drew her chair towards Gabrielle.
‘Give me your light.’ She snatched the taper from her trembling hand,
and waved it before her face. ‘Look on me,’ she said; ‘yes, look,
look. Now you know why they call me the Leaden!’ She blew out the
candle, and continued: ‘It is only those who hate me who call me by
that name; only those, remember, whom I hate. Beware how you call me
that again.’

She leaned back, and remained silent for some minutes. Gabrielle’s
tears flowed fast, and she sobbed heavily. She was not only
frightened, but weary and faint, and sick at heart.

‘Shall I protect you?’ asked the lady, at length.

‘Madame! I pray you,’ pleaded Gabrielle, through her tears.

‘Then I will. He shall not touch you. You shall sleep in my little

‘May I not go home?’

‘Alas! poor child, how can you? The gates and doors are locked. The
walls are high; and if you scaled the walls, the bloodhounds would be
after you. Perhaps you may go home soon, but not now; you cannot now!’

After another pause, she said:

‘Gabrielle, stand up.’

The girl instantly rose.

‘Gabriel, Gabrielle, my cat and you! I love my cat, why not you? Will
you kiss me?’

Passionately she caught the girl to her bosom, and kissed her brow
and lips and cheek. Then laughing, she said:

‘Yes! Gabrielle, you must be here awhile, and you shall hold the
threads, and help to make cat’s cradles.’

                            CHAPTER VIII.

The moon, in her first quarter, hung in a cloudless sky over the
valley of the Charentonne, reflected from every patch and pool of
water. The poplars, like frosted silver, cast black shadows over the
white ground. The frogs were clamorous, for their domain had been
unexpectedly extended.

Thomas Lindet, in his attic, was putting together a few clothes into
a bundle, to take with him to Évreux, as he was about to start next
morning, after the first mass at six. He occupied two rooms in a
small cottage opposite the church. It was an old house, in plaster
and timber, with a thatched roof, and consisted of a ground-floor
and an upper storey. The ground-floor was occupied by an old woman,
and the priest tenanted the rooms above. His sitting-room, in which
he was making up his bundle, was clean; the walls were laden with
whitewash, as was also the sloping ceiling. The window was covered
with a blue-and-white striped curtain of bedticking; the chairs were
of wood, unpolished, with wooden seats. Over the chimney-piece were
a crucifix and two little prints, one of Jean Jacques Rousseau, the
other of S. Jerome. His small library occupied a few deal shelves on
one side of the fireplace. Besides his breviary, there were few books
in binding, except an old copy of Atto of Vercellæ on the ‘Sufferings
and Persecutions of the Church,’ and a Geoffrey of Vendôme on
‘Investitures.’ But there were many pamphlets and polemical tracts,
such as were circulated at that time in France, and in paper covers,
torn and dirty, were Montesquieu’s ‘Esprit des Lois,’ and Rousseau’s

Having completed his preparations, the priest blew out his candle,
drew the curtain, and looked out of his window, pierced through the
thatch. The church of S. Cross was exactly opposite, on the other
side of the small square, and the moon brought its sculpture into
relief. The gothic tower, surmounted by an ugly bulbous cap, cut the
clear grey sky; the delicate tracery of the windows stood out like
white lace against the gloom of the bell-chamber.

The west front had been remodelled in 1724, and, though Lindet,
with the taste of the period, admired it, no one at the present day
would approve of the stiff Italian pedimented doorway, with its four
pillars incrusted in the wall, or of the niche in the same style,
containing the effigy of the Empress Helena bearing the cross, which
intrudes upon the elegant gothic west window.

After the excitement of the day, a reaction had set in, and Lindet
felt dispirited, and disposed to question the judiciousness of his
purpose. He leaned on the window-sill listening to the trill of the
frogs, sweetened by distance, and to the throbbing of the clock in
the tower. From where he stood, he could see the rosy glimmer of
the sanctuary lamp, through the west window of the church. At this
window, looking towards the light which burned before the Host, he
was wont every evening to say his prayers, before retiring to rest.

He put his delicate hands together. The mechanism of the clock
whirred, and then midnight struck. The notes boomed over the sleeping
town, and lost themselves among the wooded hills. All at once
Lindet’s mind turned to the poor child for whose preservation he had
laboured ineffectually that day. Then, fervently, he prayed for her.

She was seated at the window in Madame Plomb’s antechamber, fast
asleep, with her head on her hands. The window was wide open, and the
shutters were back, so that the moon and air entered, and made the
chamber light and balmy.

About nine o’clock, the cook had been to madame’s room to tell
Gabrielle that she was to sleep with her at the other end of the
house; but Madame Berthier, full of violence, had struck and driven
the woman out of the room, and she had retired, very angry, and
threatening to tell ‘Monsieur.’ The woman had been as good as her
word; but Berthier and Foulon being together in the billiard-room
playing, she had not ventured to interrupt them till they left,
which was at midnight. The cook was very angry, and, like an insulted
servant, threatened to leave the house.

‘Ah! so so!’ exclaimed Berthier. ‘We shall see. You were right to
obey my orders. Gustave! come here; follow me, Antoinette; the girl
shall be removed immediately, awake or asleep, by gentleness or by

The silver light struck across the face of the sleeping girl, still
wet with tears, and streaked the floor. An acacia intercepted some
of the light, and as a light wind stirred, it produced an uneasy
shiver over the floor. A leaf, caught in a cobweb, pattered timidly
against one of the window-panes. A ghost-moth fluttered about the
room, its white wings gleaming in the moonlight, as it swerved and
wheeled, while its shadow swerved and wheeled in rhythm, on the
sheet of Gabrielle’s couch, as though there were two moths, one
white, the other black, dancing up and down before one another. The
shadows of the acacia foliage made faces on the floor. Dark profiles,
hatchet-shaped, with glistening eyes and mouths that opened and shut,
faces of old women munching silently, silhouettes of demons butting
with their horns, or nodding, as though they would say,--Wait, wait,
wait! We shall see!

The white veil of the sleeping girl lay on the floor, in a line. The
flickering lights crossed it, and the shadows of the leaves resembled
black flat insects, and long slugs, scrambling over it, in a mad
race. The foliage of the acacia whispered, and the pines of the
forest close by hummed as the wind stirred their myriad vibrating
spines. The air laden with the fragrance of the resin, was not balmy
only, but warm as well. An owl in the woods called at intervals
to-whoo! and waited, expecting an answer, then called again. Then
the night-hawk screeched, and fluttered among the trees. In the
garden-plots whole colonies of crickets chirped a long quivering song
in a thousand parts, perfectly harmonized, all night long, with a
rapidity of execution perfectly amazing.

From Bernay sounded distant, yet distinct, the chime of midnight.
At the same moment the hounds in the yard became restless, and gave
tongue spasmodically. The girl sighed in sleep, and turned her head
from the light; then she woke, started up, and uttered a scream. The
door of the room was open, and Berthier stood in it, looking at her,
with the cook and Gustave in the background. At the same moment,
a black figure glided from behind the window-curtains, and stood
between him and her.

‘Sacré! Madame Plomb, you are up late,’ observed the Intendant,
advancing into the chamber, and shutting the door behind him upon the
two servants. ‘May I trouble you, Madame Plomb, to retire to your
couch?’ He stepped towards her.

The woman drew herself up, raised her arm, and the moon flashed along
a slender steel blade she brandished.

‘Nonsense, my charmer!’ said Berthier; ‘no acting with me. Put down
that little toy and begone.’

‘Stop!’ she exclaimed. ‘Do you see that veil there; there, beast,
there on the floor?’

‘Perfectly well, my angel.’

‘Pass over it, if you dare.’

‘I dare!’ he said scornfully, but without advancing.

‘If your foot transgresses that limit, I swear, beast! it will be
your death.’

He looked at her; the moon was on her blue-grey face, and she looked
at him. Her countenance was terrible: in that light, it was like the
face of a fiend.

‘You are a devil,’ he said.

‘You have made me one,’ she answered.

Deadly hatred glared out of her wild black eyes; there was resolution
in the set lips and hard brow, and Berthier felt that what his wife
threatened, that she would execute. He could not endure the flash and
glitter of her eye-balls, and he lowered his.

‘I hate you,’ she muttered; ‘I hate you, beast! Do you think I should
shrink from _your_ blood? Is your blood so dear to me? Should I
shrink from your corpse--from your dead face? I have only seen the
living one, and that is to me so odious, that I long to see the
dead one; it is sure to be more pleasant. Those red inflamed eyes of
yours, are they so bewitching that I should not wish to close them
for ever? Those lips, which I have never kissed, beast! I promise to
kiss them one day. I promise it, remember. They shall be stiff and
cold then. That shall be my one and only kiss.’

The hounds barked furiously without, so furiously that they disturbed
the house. Adolphe opened his window and called: ‘Be quiet, my
children; be good boys, there! Pigeon and Poulet!’

Gustave roared from the window of the corridor: ‘A thousand devils!
shall I not murder you to-morrow, if you are not quiet this instant?’

The acacia creaked and crackled.

Berthier moved towards the window, he was determined to disarm his
wife, if possible.

‘Where are you going?’ she asked, sharply.

‘I am going to look out, and see why the dogs are so furious.’

‘You cannot see into the yard from this window.’

‘No, but I can see if anyone is without.’ Next moment--‘Imogène! I
believe that there must be some one.’

She lowered her knife, with the fickleness of her disorder; the idea
distracted her attention.


‘Come and look.’

She stepped towards the window. Instantly, quick as thought, he
struck her wrist, and sent the knife flying from her grasp, across
the room.

Gabrielle in an agony of terror cried, ‘My father! Oh, my father!’

Madame Berthier uttered a moan of pain and rage. Her husband would
have grappled with her at once, but that something whizzed in at
the open window, and struck him in the eye with such force that he
staggered backward, and the blood burst from the lid and streamed
over his cheek.

Madame Berthier recovered her knife, and threatening him with it,
drove him, blinded with pain and blood, out of the room.

Who can describe the horror of conscience to which Matthias André
was a prey that night? He remained after the departure of Berthier,
for some hours half stupefied, looking at the money which he held
in his hand; then he tied it up in a piece of rag, and placed it in
his bosom; but it was too heavy there, it seemed to weigh him down,
so he fastened it to the belt of his blouse, which he now put on.
To distract his mind, he began to replace in the boxes the clothes
he had drawn from them, but, as he huddled them in, unfolded, they
would not all go in. In the dusk, the garments which were not thus
disposed of looked like bodies of human beings waiting to be buried.
He threw out all the clothes from the trunks again, and began to fold
them, but he did this work clumsily, and there remained still one of
Gabrielle’s dresses uncoffered. The sight of this distressed him, it
reminded him of his daughter too painfully, so he hid it under the
table. Then he could not resist the desire to peer at it where it
lay, and the fancy came upon him that she lay there dead, and that
he had killed her; so he fled up the ladder into his loft, and cast
himself upon his bed.

But there was no rest there. The transactions of that evening haunted
him. He tried to calculate what had best be done with the money; but
no! all he could think of was that this was the price of his child’s
honour and happiness.

Remembering that he had not taken any supper, he descended the ladder
and sought in the dark for a potato pasty; but when he had found it
he could not eat it, for he considered that it had been made by _her_
fingers. He tried to uncork a bottle of wine, but could not find the
screw, so he broke the neck, and drank from it thus; the broken glass
cut his lips, for his hand shook. Gabrielle’s old gown under the
table he could not see, it was too dark, but he was constrained by a
frenzied curiosity to creep towards it, and feel if it were there.
Yes; he felt it, and he shrank from the touch.

The moon shone in at his bedroom window. The light distressed him,
when he returned to his couch; so he tried to block up the window by
erecting his coat against it, supported by a pitchfork and a broom.
It remained thus for just five minutes, and then the structure gave
way, and the moonlight flowed in again.

André could bear the house no longer. He again descended the ladder,
stole past the table, and opening his door, went outside. He took
the path across the foot-bridge and entered the forest. He resolved
to ascend the hill, and see the outside of the château in which lay
his child. The way was dark, the shadows of the pines and beech-trees
obscured it, but the wretched man knew it well, and he walked along
it, trembling with fear. He heard voices in the forest, he saw faces
peeping from behind the tree-boles. The rustle of birds in the
pine-tops made him start; but he held on his way.

When he reached the castle Malouve, he stood still. His brow was
dripping. The clock of Bernay parish church struck twelve. At the
same time the dogs scented him, and began to bark.

The unhappy father prowled round the building, looking up at every
window, his every limb shaking with apprehension.

Suddenly, from an open casement he heard a cry. He knew the tone
of that voice. The cry pierced his heart. He ran to the foot of
the building which rose from the sward at this spot, and looked up
at the window. An acacia-tree stood at a little distance from the
wall, and he proceeded to scramble up it. The trunk was smooth, and
presented no foot-hold. He was a clumsy man, and could not mount
well; the branches were brittle and broke with him. He heard voices
in the chamber whence his daughter’s cry had reached him, he grappled
with the tree and worked himself up a little way with his knees.
The leaves shook above him as though the acacia responded to every
pulsation of his heart.

‘Father! Oh, my father!’

That call to him--it seemed denunciatory, reproachful--burst upon
his ear. He tore the money from his belt, and with all his force, he
hurled it through the window; then he slid down the tree and fled.

He fled, but the cry pursued him; it echoed from every wall of the
château. He heard it in the bay of the bloodhounds; it came to him
from the dark aisles of the forest, the wind swept it after him; the
owl caught it up and towhoo’d it, the night-hawk screamed it.

He put his hands to his ears to shut it out. But the cry was within
him, and it echoed through and through and through him--

‘Father! Oh, my father!’

The cry of a child betrayed by its own parent,--the cry of a slave
sold by its own father,--the cry of a soul given up to devils by
him who had given it being,--the cry of a loving heart against him
it had loved, against him for whom the hands had worked gladly, the
feet tripped nimbly, the lips smiled sweetly, and the eyes twinkled

‘Father! Oh, my father!’

As he sprang over the stile, as he raced to the foot-bridge, as he
traversed it, from the white face that glared up at him from the
water, from the rustling reeds, from the soughing willows, from his
own white and black home as he reached it--

‘Father! Oh, my father!’

In his horror and despair he threw himself in at the door, and ran
towards the ladder. He scrambled up it; and drawing it up after him
fastened a rope that lay coiled on his floor to it, and he noosed the
other end about his neck, and he crawled to the hole in the floor
through which he had mounted and drawn the ladder, and the cry came
up to him from below.

He leaped towards it, and so sought to silence it.

                             CHAPTER IX.

All Évreux was out of doors, as Thomas Lindet, travel-soiled and
weary, entered the city. The double avenue of chestnuts before the
church and seminary of S. Taurin was thronged with people, and a
large triumphal arch spanned the road just beyond the square, the
sides adorned with pilasters of gilt paper and banks of flowers,
and the summit crowned with a banner emblazoned with the lilies of
France. In the tympanum of the arch was a niche lined with crimson
cloth destined to contain a statue of S. Louis, lent for the occasion
by the superior of the seminary. The raising of the pious king to
his destined position was an operation which engaged all eyes, and
provided conversation for all tongues.

It is wonderful how much noise and commotion attends the execution of
a very simple performance in France. Every spectator is by the fact
of his presence constituted an adviser, and those engaged on the work
which attracts observation harangue and expostulate and protest at
the top of their voices.

Those whose task it was to translate S. Louis from the ground to his
elevated pedestal, proceeded with their duty in a somewhat clumsy and
unworkmanlike manner. A pulley had been erected at the apex of the
gable above the arch, and a cord ran over it into the midst of the
crowd which pulled promiscuously and with varying force at the rope.
The other end of the rope was attached to the neck of the monarch,
and as he was raised he dangled in the centre of the archway, much
more like a felon undergoing the extreme penalty of the law, than a
canonized saint. In the meanwhile, two vociferous men in blue blouses
and trowsers, half way up two ladders, were supposed to steady the
king, but on account of the jerky manner in which the crowd hauled at
the rope, they were unable to achieve their object, and they vented
their displeasure in oaths. All at once there was a crash. The head
had separated from the body--the statue was in plaster; and first
down fell the trunk and then the crowned head. The catastrophe caused
a sudden silence to fall on the multitude, but it was soon broken by
execrations and invocations of ‘mille diables.’ Then a general rush
was made to inspect the remains of the decapitated king.

‘There was absolutely no piece of wood or wire to keep head and trunk
together!’ exclaimed one of the workmen, elevating the fragment of
head. ‘Of course it broke off. Who ever heard of a plaster cast
without a nucleus of solid wood or iron in the middle!’

‘Out of the way! make room,’ shouted a coachman, cracking his whip;
and the crowd started aside to allow a handsome lumbering coach to
roll by, and pass under the triumphal arch. Two heads were protruded
from the windows, to see what caused the commotion and throng; and
Lindet, happening to look in that direction, saw the faces of Foulon
and Berthier.

‘Why are all these preparations being made?’ asked Lindet of a
shopman near him.

‘Ah!’ exclaimed the man; ‘don’t you know that Monsieur the Prince is

Lindet pushed up the street, passed the Palais de Justice, a
handsome, massive Italian building, and walked straight to the
bishop’s palace. Having reached Évreux, he would do his business and
leave it.

The gate to the palace was decorated with evergreens and banners, the
arms above the archway had been re-gilt and re-coloured; S. Sebastian
was very pink, exuded very red blood from his wounds, and the lion of
monseigneur ramped in a refulgent new coat of gold leaf.

The wooden doors were wide open, displaying the interior of the
quadrangle; a long strip of crimson carpet conducted from the gate
over the pavement to the principal entrance to the house; footmen in
episcopal purple liveries, their hair powdered, skipped hither and

Lindet walked straight into the court, and asked to see the bishop.

‘You must wait in the office, yonder,’ said the servant he addressed,
with impatience.

‘Please to tell the bishop that I desire to see him.’

‘You’re mighty imperious. Perhaps he may not want to see you.’

‘Never mind. Tell him that Thomas Lindet, curé of Bernay, has walked
to Évreux on purpose to see him, and see him he must.’

‘Well, well, sit down in the office.’

Lindet entered the little room, and waited. He waited an hour, and no
bishop came; he rang a bell, but it was not answered; then he stepped
out into the court, and catching a servant by the arm, insisted on
his message being conveyed to monseigneur.

‘This is a mighty inconvenient time,’ said the man; ‘don’t you know
that the Prince is expected?’

‘But not here.’

‘Yes, here; he stays at the palace.’

Lindet stepped back in astonishment.

‘What does the priest want?’ asked the butler, who was passing at
that moment.

‘I have come here desiring to speak with monseigneur. I have come
from Bernay on purpose.’

‘Get along with you,’ said the butler; ‘what do you mean by intruding
at this time? Don’t you know that his lordship only sees the parsons
on fixed days and hours? Get out of the court at once, you are in the
way here.’

‘I shall not go,’ said the curé, indignantly; ‘I shall not move from
this spot till my message has been taken to the bishop. He may be
just as indisposed to receive me to-morrow as to-day.’

‘Ay! he won’t see any of you fellows till the latter end of next
week. So now be off!’

‘What is the matter?’ asked a voice from an upper window. ‘Chopin,
who is that?’

The butler and the priest looked up. At an open window stood
Monseigneur de Narbonne-Lara, in a bran-new violet cassock and
tippet, his gold pectoral cross rubbed up, his stock very stiff, and
his dark hair brushed and frizzled. ‘What is all this disturbance
about, Chopin, ay?’

‘Monseigneur!’ replied the butler, bowing to the apparition, ‘here is
a curé from Bernay, who persists that he must see your lordship.’

‘Tell him, Chopin, that I am engaged, and that this is not the proper

‘Monseigneur,’ began the butler, again bowing; but Lindet interrupted
him with--

‘I want to speak for one moment to your lordship.’

‘Who are you?’

‘I am Thomas Lindet, curé of S. Cross.’

‘Oh! indeed. Friday week, at 2 P.M.,’ said the bishop, shutting the
window and turning away.

Lindet remained looking after him. The bishop stood a moment near the
window, with his back towards the light, meditating; then he turned
again, opened the casement, and called--

‘Chopin, you may give him a glass of cider, and then send him off.’

‘Yes, monseigneur.’

He slammed the window, and walked away.

Lindet had much trouble in finding an inn which had a spare bed to
let. The Grand Cerf was full and overflowing; the Cheval Blanc,
nearly opposite, seemed to be bursting out at the windows, for they
were full of heads protruded to a perilous distance, gazing up the
Paris road; the Golden Ball at last offered an attic bed, which
Lindet was glad to secure. This little inn stood in the Belfry
Square, a market-place, named after an elegant tower containing
a clock and curfew bell, in the purest Gothic of the fourteenth
century, surmounted by a spire of delicate lead tracing, in the same
style as that on the central tower of the Cathedral, but smaller
considerably. The square was tolerably free from people, as monsieur
was not expected to pass through it, and the comparative quiet was
acceptable to the weary priest. After having taken some refreshment,
and rested himself for an hour on his bed, his restless, excited
spirit drove him forth into the street.

The bells of the Cathedral and S. Taurin were clanging and jingling,
flags fluttered from every tower and spire, musketry rattled, men
shouted, a band played the Descent of Mars, as Lindet issued from
a narrow street upon the square before the Cathedral and saw that
it was crowded, that a current was flowing in the midst of that
concourse, and that the current bore flags and banners, and followed
the music. The priest, mounting upon a kerbstone, saw that the
civic procession was conducting the Prince to the episcopal palace.
He saw the town gilds pass, then the confraternities or clubs, in
their short loose cassocks, knee-breeches, and caps, with sashes
tied across their breasts, emblazoned with their insignia. Three
principal confraternities appeared--that of Évreux, preceded by a
banner figured with S. Sebastian, that of S. Michael, and that of
S. Louis. A band of Swiss soldiers in red uniform followed, and
in the midst of these guards rolled the gaily-painted carriage of
Louis-Stanislas-Xavier, son of France. Lindet saw a portly young man,
of good-humoured but stolid appearance, bowing acknowledgment of
the acclamations which greeted him. That was the Prince. Lindet saw
nothing of the reception at the gate, presided over by the ramping
lion and the wounded saint; he could hear a pompous voice reading,
and he knew that monseigneur was delivering an address from the
Clergy to the Royal Duke, but what was said, how many titles were
rehearsed, how much flattery was lavished, how many expressions of
devotion and respect were employed--all this was lost in the buzz of
the crowd.

What was he to do? He could not wait for more than a week, as
required by the bishop. The journey had cost him more than he could
well afford, and the expense of the inn at Évreux would far exceed
what his purse contained, if he deducted the twenty-five livres
due to the bishop. He had determined not to give the money to the
_officiel_, but to the prelate himself, and to explain to him the
reason of his having broken the requirements of the Church.

Entering the Cathedral, he seated himself in the aisle, where he
could be alone and in quiet, to form a plan for seeing the bishop
and coming to an explanation with him; but he could not hit upon any
to his mind. He walked round the church, admiring its height, and
the splendour of its glass. In the Lady Chapel he stood, and his lip
curled with a smile as he observed, in one of the north windows, a
bishop vested in cope and mitre, holding the pastoral staff in one
hand, whilst with the other he threw open the cope to grasp a sword
girded at his side, and exposed a suit of knightly armour, in which
he was entirely enveloped.

‘Ah!’ said Lindet to himself, ‘when these panes were pictured it was
as now, the shepherd’s garb invested the wolf. And what marvel! If
the Church may not appoint her own pastors, how can she be properly
shepherded? “Qui præfuturus est omnibus ab omnibus eligatur,” said S.

The priest lingered on till late in the church. He was weary, and the
Cathedral was more attractive than the little bedroom at the ‘Golden
Ball.’ He took a chair in the chapel of S. Vincent, and was soon

It was afternoon when the prince arrived, and the afternoon rapidly
waned into evening dusk, and the dusk changed to dark.

At nine, the Cathedral doors were locked, after a sacristan had made
a hasty perambulation of the church to see that it was empty. Lindet
did not hear his call, as he walked down the aisles crying ‘All out!’
and the verger did not observe the slumbering priest in the side
chapel. Thus it happened that the curé was locked up in the church.

It was night when he awoke; slowly his consciousness returned, and
with it the recollection of where he was. He was much refreshed. The
walk of many miles every day in hot sun had worn him out, and this
quiet nap in the cool minster had revived him.

The moon glittered through the windows, and carpeted the aisle

He rose from his chair, and leaving the chapel, bent his knee for a
moment before the High Altar, where the lamp hung as a crimson star,
and tried the north transept door which opened into the square. It
was locked. He then sought the west doors, but found them also fast.
Returning down the south nave aisle, he saw lights from without
reflected through the windows on the groined roof, and strains of
instrumental music were wafted in.

Near the south transept he found a small door: it was the bishop’s
private entrance. Lindet pushed it, and the door yielded. He found
himself in a small cloister leading to the palace. The lights were
brighter, and the music louder. They issued from the palace garden,
of which the priest obtained a full view.

The garden occupied the whole south side of the Cathedral, and was
well laid out in swath and flowers. A beautiful avenue of limes
extended the whole length of the garden, above the broad moat which
separated the palace precincts on the south from the city. This moat
has been turned into a kitchen-garden in our own day, but in that of
which we are writing it was full of water. The avenue, therefore,
formed a terrace above a broad belt of water, not stagnant, as in
many moats, but kept fresh by a stream flowing through it.

The modern traveller visiting Évreux, should on no account fail to
walk on the city side of this old moat, for from it he will obtain
the most striking view of the magnificent Cathedral and the ancient
picturesque palace, rising above the lime-trees. A couple of lines
of young trees have been planted, and the half-street turned into a
boulevard; but in 1788, this side of the moat was bare of trees, and
a row of tall houses faced the water, with only a paved road between,
and a dwarf wall pierced at intervals with openings to steps that
descended to the moat, where all day long women soaped and beat dirty
clothes, with much diligence, and more noise.

Lindet found the garden brilliantly illuminated. Lamps were affixed
to the old walls of the Cathedral, and traced some of its most
prominent features with lines of coloured fire. The statues which, in
imitation of Versailles, the bishop had set up in his flower-garden,
held lanterns. A pond of gold-fish, in the centre of the sward,
surrounded a vase, in which burned strontian and spirits of wine,
casting a red glare into the water, and producing a wild contrast to
the calm white moonlight that lay in flakes upon the gravelled walks.

The avenue was, however, the centre of light. In it tables were laid,
brilliant with candelabra supporting wax candles, and with coloured
lanthorns slung between the trees, and lamps attached to every trunk.
At intervals also were suspended brass rings, sustaining twenty
candles. Wreaths of artificial flowers, banners, mirrors, statues
holding lights, transparencies, occupied every conceivable spot and
space, and transformed the quiet old lime avenue into a fairy-land

The tables were laden with exquisite viands in silver, and glittered
with metal and glass.

The higher end of the tables was towards the west, and a daïs,
crimson carpeted, raised a step above the soil, supported the board
at which sat the prince, the bishop, and all the most illustrious of
the guests.

On the opposite side of the moat, a crowd of hungry women and
children strained their eyes to see the nobles and high clergy eat
and drink, which was only next best to themselves eating.

‘So we are going to have the States-general, after all,’ said the
Duke de la Rochefoucauld, a noble-looking man, with a frank, open
countenance, full of light and dignity.

‘Yes,’ answered the prince; ‘His Majesty cannot withdraw his summons.’

‘You speak as if he wished to do so,’ said M. de la Rochefoucauld.

‘I am not privy to his wishes,’ answered Louis Stanislas with a
smile on his heavy face; ‘let us not talk of politics, they are dull
and dispiriting subjects.’ Then, turning to the bishop, he said:
‘Monseigneur, I think you could hardly choose a more delightful
retreat than this of yours. To my taste, it is charming. You are
really well off to have such a capital palace and such delightful
gardens. If I were you, nothing would induce me to change them.
Why, look at the Archbishop of Rouen---- By the way, how is the
archbishop?’ he turned to the duke, whose kinsman the prelate was. ‘I
heard he had been seriously unwell.’

The Duke de la Rochefoucauld assured ‘monsieur’ that the cardinal was
much better; in fact, almost well.

‘That is right,’ said the prince. Then again addressing his host, he
continued: ‘No, I assure you, nothing in the world would induce me,
were I you, my Lord Bishop, to desert this see for another.’

‘I am hardly likely to have the chance put in my way,’ said the

‘And then,’ pursued Louis, ‘who, having once built his nest in
charming Normandy, would fly to other climes? You are a brave Norman
by birth, I believe, monseigneur?’ Louis had an unfortunate nack of
getting upon awkward subjects. This arose from no desire of causing
annoyance, but from sheer obtuseness. He resembled his brother the
King in being utterly dull, with neither wit nor vice to relieve the
monotony of a thoroughly prosaic character.

‘No, your grace,’ answered the bishop, slightly reddening, ‘I belong
to a Navarre family. The family castle of Lara is in Spain. The name
Lara is territorial, and was adopted on the family receiving the
Spanish estates and Castle----’

‘Excuse me,’ said the prince, interrupting him; ‘but I think, my dear
Lord, we have a ghost before us.’

The bishop looked up from his plate, on which his eyes had rested
whilst narrating the family history, and saw immediately opposite
him, standing below the daïs, in ragged cassock, with the buttons
worn through their cloth covers, with dusty shoes, and with a pale,
eager face quivering with feeling, Thomas Lindet, curé of S. Cross at

The bishop was too much astonished to speak. He stared at the priest,
as though he would stare him down. The guests looked round almost as
much surprised as the prince or the bishop, so utterly incongruous
was the apparition with the place. The look, full of pain, stern and
passionate, contrasted terribly with the faces of the banqueters,
creased with laughter. The pale complexion, speaking too plainly of
want and hunger--why did that look upon them as they sat at tables
groaning under viands and wines of the most costly description? The
dress, so ragged and dusty, was quite out of place amongst silks and
velvets. The bishop waved his hand with dignity, and his episcopal
ring glittered in the lights as he did so. But Lindet did not move.
Then, addressing his butler over the back of his chair, the prelate
said: ‘Chopin, tell the fellow to go quietly. If he is hungry, take
him into the servants’ hall and give him some supper.’

Lindet put his hand into his bosom, and drew forth a little moleskin
purse,--a little rude purse, made by one of the acolytes of Bernay
out of the skins of the small creatures he had snared, and given as
a mark of affection to his priest. He emptied the contents of this
purse into his shaking palm, and with agitated fingers, he counted
twenty-five livres, put the rest--it was very little--back into the
mole-skin bag; and then, holding the money, he mounted the daïs.

‘Go down, sir, go down!’ said the indignant prelate; and several
footmen rushed to the priest to remove him.

‘Leave me alone,’ said Lindet, thrusting the servants off; ‘I have
business to transact with my diocesan.’

‘What do you want?’ asked the bishop, his red face turning purple
with wrath and insulted pride; ‘get you gone, and see me at proper
times and in proper places!’

‘Monseigneur,’ answered Lindet in a clear voice, ‘I have walked
through dust and heat from Bernay to speak to you, and I am told I
cannot see you for a whole week.’

‘Go, go!’ said the bishop; ‘I do not wish to have an unpleasant
scene, and to order you to be dragged from my table. Go quietly. I
will see you to-morrow.’

‘No,’ Lindet answered; ‘you would not receive me privately this
afternoon, now you shall receive me publicly, whether the time
suits or not. You have fined me, unheard, for not having lit my
sanctuary-lamp. I had neither oil nor money; therefore I must pay
you a heavy fine. There is the money--’ he leaned across the table,
and placed it in the bishop’s plate. ‘Count it,--twenty-five livres;
and next time your lordship gives a feast, spend what you have wrung
from me in buying--’ he ran his eye along the table, and it lit on a
pie,--‘goose-liver pasties for your distinguished guests.’ It was a
random shot, a bow drawn at a venture, but it went in at the joints
of the mail, and smote to the heart.

Lindet turned from the table and walked away.

The guests sprang to their feet with a cry of dismay. Monseigneur de
Narbonne-Lara had fallen out of his chair in an apoplectic fit.

                             CHAPTER X.

‘Come here, children--my angels, Gabriel and Gabrielle!’ said Madame
Plomb, standing in the corridor at an open window. ‘Come and see what
is to be seen.’

The yellow cat, who had been seated on a little work-table in
the lady’s boudoir, bounded lightly to the floor, and obeyed its
mistress’s call. Reaching her, the cat leaped to her shoulder, that
being the situation in which it would obtain an uninterrupted view of
what it was called to witness. Gabrielle followed, still in white,
for she had no other clothes with her, looking very pale, with dark
rings round her eyes.

Madame Berthier made no allusion to the occurrences of the night;
they seemed to have faded from her recollection, and her attention
had been concentrated on cat’s cradles, which she was able to execute
with great ease, now that she had Gabrielle’s fingers on which to
elaborate the changes.

In the courtyard was Berthier’s travelling carriage, with the horses
attached, and the coachman standing beside them. Foulon and his
son-in-law were near the carriage.

‘Adolphe! my dressing-case,’ said the old man.

‘Monsieur, you will find it in the well under the seat.’

‘Are the pistols in the sword-case?’ asked Berthier.

‘Monsieur will find them in the sword-case.’

‘You have packed up my green velvet coat, and you have provided silk
stockings?’ asked Foulon.

‘Monsieur will find everything in his trunk.’

‘But you have forgotten the canister of snuff.’

‘Monsieur, I ask pardon, it is under the seat.’

‘Ah!’ said Foulon, pointing up at the window, and nudging Berthier;

The Intendant looked up, and caught sight of the three faces looking
down on the preparations,--the yellow-faced cat, the blue-faced wife,
the pale-faced peasant-girl.

‘You are surely going to salute the cheeks of your lady, before
you start, my friend,’ said Foulon. Then, in a loud voice to his
daughter,--‘Well now, Imogène, how are you this morning? eh! In rude
health and buoyant spirits. Capital! And how is my little darling?
What! pale as the moon. The naughty dogs must have disturbed your
innocent slumbers. Oh, Poulet! oh, Pigeon! you rascals,’ he shook his
forefinger at the dogs,--‘how shall I forgive you for having broken
the rest of my little mignonne! for having robbed her of her roses!
for having filled her maiden breast with fear! Oh, you dogs! oh, oh!’

‘Is everything ready?’ asked Berthier of Adolphe.

‘Everything--everything,’ replied the footman.

‘See that the dogs be properly fed, Gustave.’

‘Certainly, monsieur.’

‘What is the matter with my boy’s eye?’ asked Foulon. ‘It has been
lacerated; it is unusually tender; it is bruised.’ Then, elevating
his voice, and addressing those at the window, ‘Ah! who has been
striking and scratching my good Berthier? I know it was that cat. Oh,
puss! you sly puss, how demure you look! but that is all very well by
day. At night, ah! then you show your claws.’

The sheriff, finding that everything necessary was in the carriage,
mounted the steps to the house, and making his way to the corridor
presented himself before his wife, Gabrielle, and the cat. He stood
before them with his eyes down, and with a sullen expression of face.
His right eye was discoloured and cut; it both watered and bled, and
he repeatedly wiped it.

‘Madame,’ said he, with less of his usual insolence Of manner, ‘your
father and I shall be absent for some days.’

‘Look me in the face,’ said his wife. He lifted his eyes for an
instant; the wounded organ evidently pained him, for it was glassy,
and the lid closed over it immediately; the other fell before the
glance of the lady.

‘Madame,’ he continued, ‘we are about to visit Conches on business,
and, after a delay there of a day, we proceed to Évreux to meet the
Count of Provence. He visits the bishop, and we dine with him at the
palace on Thursday evening.’

‘What is that to me?’ asked his wife.

‘I thought you would like to know, madame.’

‘Why do you not call me Madame Plomb?’

His eyes fluttered up to hers and fell again.

‘Because you are a coward,’ said the lady. ‘I know you for a bully
and a coward.’

‘Madame, I shall retire,’ he said, scowling. ‘I came here in courtesy
to announce to you our departure, and I meet with insult.’

‘What is to become of this child?’ asked the lady, touching Gabrielle.

‘She remains here,’ answered Berthier; ‘I have engaged her to be your
servant. I have hired her of her father.’ A look of triumph shot
across his flabby countenance: ‘he has received six months’ wage in

Gabrielle uttered a faint cry and covered her face.

‘I doubt not he has returned the money,’ said Madame Berthier. ‘See!
in this soiled rag is a sum; it was cast in at the window last night.
If I mistake not, this blood which discolours the linen is yours. It
looks like yours, it feels like yours--ugh! it smells like yours.’

‘Madame, I know nothing about that money. I know that I have
agreed with the girl’s father, that he has received payment for her
services, and that I keep her here.’

‘Whether she remains here or at home,’ said Madame Berthier, ‘she is
safe from you, as long as I am here to protect her.’

‘As long as you are here,’ answered Berthier, as he walked towards
the stairs. Then turning to her, with his foot on the steps, he said,
with a coarse laugh: ‘As long as you are here to protect her! Quite
so, Madame Plomb. But how long will you be here?’ He disappeared down
the stairs, and entering the carriage with Foulon, drove through the
gay iron gates, and was gone.

‘Gabrielle,’ said Madame Berthier; ‘my dear child, we will seek your
father, and ask him whether this is true. I do not believe it, do
you, Gabriel, my angel!’ she turned her lips to the cat’s ear. The
animal rubbed its chin against her mouth and purred. ‘I understand,
my sweet! you wonder how the money came in at the window, do you not?
Well, perhaps the good man was deceived by that beast, and, when he
found out what sort of a man the beast was, he brought the money
back; he could not get into the house at night, so he cast the silver
through the window. Was it so, Gabriel? You are awake at night, you
walk about in the moonlight, you can see in the dark; tell me, my
seraph! was it so?’ Then catching the girl’s arm, she whispered,
‘Wait, I have not shown you the cat’s castle. You have seen his
net and his coffer, his parlour, his pantry, and now you shall see
his castle, in which we shall shut him up when he is naughty. That
is his Bastille. Have you ever seen the Bastille, Gabrielle? No, of
course you have not. Now come with me, and I will build you the cat’s

The unfortunate woman drew the little peasant-girl into her yellow
room, seated herself in her high-backed chair, and in a moment had
her fingers among the strings.

‘Take it off, Gabrielle,’ she said. ‘Come, Gabriel! sit quiet, and
you shall see the pretty things we shall construct for you.’

The cat obediently settled himself into an observant attitude, with
his head resting between his paws; Gabrielle drew her chair opposite
Madame Berthier, and held up her fingers to receive the threads.

‘So,’ said the lady; ‘that is the net.’

She worked nimbly with her fingers.

‘I have such trouble when I am alone,’ she said; ‘I have to stretch
the threads on this winding machine, or lay them on the table.
Gabriel is so selfish, he will not make an attempt to assist me. But
then all these contrivances are for him, you know, and he would lose
half the pleasure, if he were made to labour at their construction.
See! this, now, is the cat’s cabinet. I should so much like to do
something, that is, to dye your white dress saffron. You do not know
how becoming it would be. I love yellow and black. I wear black, but
Gabriel wears yellow. There! we have the basket. They used to dress
the victims of the Inquisition in yellow and black, and torture and
burn them in these colours. This is the cat’s parlour. And Jews,
as an accursed race, were obliged to wear yellow, so I have heard.
Among the Buddhists, too, the monks wear saffron habits, in token
that they have renounced the world. This, my dear, is the pantry.
And the Chinese wear it as their mourning colour--their very deepest
mourning. But I like it; it suits my complexion, I think. There! Do
you observe this? How your fingers tremble! This is my own invention.
Put up your fingers, so. Up, up! There, now. You have the cat’s
Bastille, a terrible tower for naughty pusses, when we shut them up.
Ah! what have you done with your shaking, quaking fingers? You have
pulled down, you have utterly dissolved my Bastille, and all the
imprisoned cats will get out!’

At the same moment, Gabriel bounded from his perch.

‘Why, how now!’ exclaimed Madame Berthier; ‘you are crying, my poor
girl! Why do you cry? You lack patience. Ah! that is a great and
saintly virtue, very hard to acquire. Indeed, you can only acquire it
by constant prayer and making cat’s cradles. That is my experience.
Yes, it is patience that you want. We poor women have much to bear in
this world from the wicked men. If we had not religion and trifling
to occupy our thoughts and time, we should go mad. I am sure of it.
Sometimes I feel a burning in my head, but first it comes in my
chest, a fire there consuming me; then it flames up from my heart
into my brain, and sets that on fire, and I should go crazy but for
this. I say my rosary and then I make cradles, and then I say my
chaplet again, and then go back to my threads. Why are you crying?’

‘Madame!’ entreated Gabrielle; ‘may I go to my father?’

‘But, my dear, I think the beast said your father had engaged you to
him as my servant and companion.’

‘Oh, dear madame! you are so kind, pray let me see him and speak to

‘You shall,’ answered the lady; ‘I will accompany you. I like to walk
out, but I go veiled. I frighten children sometimes, and even horses
are afraid of me. Yes; we will go together, and I shall see your
papa! Ah! I long to see your papa! You are Gabrielle, and my cat is
Gabriel. Both were quite white, till I dyed my angel yellow, and I
want to dye your white clothes, and then you will be both just alike.
Who knows, when I see your papa, perhaps we may be alike!’

The strange woman went into her bedroom to dress for going out;
presently she came from it, bearing some black garments.

‘You should have waited,’ said she to Gabrielle; ‘after the Bastille
comes the grave. I was going to make the grave for puss, and then you
pulled my tower down.’

When ready for the walk, Madame Berthier parted with many expressions
of tenderness from the yellow cat. It was some time before she could
resolve on going, for she stood in the door wafting kisses to her
‘angel Gabriel,’ and apologising to him with profuse expression of
regret for her absence.

‘But we shall return soon, my Gabriel! do not waste your precious
affections in weeping for my absence. Soon, soon! And now, adieu!
come on, my Gabrielle.’

The walk was pleasant, and Madame Berthier enjoyed it. She insisted
on picking yellow and blue flowers as they went along, and showing
them to her companion.

‘See!’ she would say; ‘the colours harmonise.’

The plantation of pines was soon passed, and then their road
traversed beech copse. The leaves were beginning to turn, for the
drought had affected the trees like an early frost. Among the beech
were hazels, laden with nuts, hardly ripe; fern and fox-gloves grew
rank on the road-side.

The day was warm, the air languid, being charged with moisture
that rose from the heated and wet earth, so that a haze veiled the
landscape. The flies were troublesome, following Madame Berthier
and Gabrielle in swarms. A squirrel darted across the path and
disappeared up one of the trees.

‘Oh!’ cried Madame Berthier; ‘if Gabriel had only been here. How he
would have run, how he would have pounced upon that red creature!
Gabriel is so nimble.’

‘Ah, madame!’ exclaimed the girl, as they came within sight of the
valley and the Island of Swallows, ‘my poor father has lost his corn.’

‘What is the matter?’

‘See! the water has been out, and it has flooded our field in which
the wheat was standing uncarried.’

‘Alas! the pretty yellow corn,’ said Madame Berthier, ‘your father
must buy some more.’

‘He has no money.’

‘Yes, child, he has; did not the beast give him your wage? Ah! I
forgot, and he returned it.’

They crossed the little foot-bridge. Gabrielle stood still, with her
hand on her heart, and looked round.

‘I do not see him,’ she said, anxiously.

‘Oh, the papa is indoors, doubtless.’

They reached the front of the cottage.

‘The garden must have been very gay,’ said Madame Berthier; ‘what
roses! but ah! how the rain has battered them, and the flood has
spoiled the beds. Why do you grow so many pink and white roses? I
like this yellow one.’

Gabrielle put her hand on the latch and gently opened the door. She
looked in; it was dark, for the little green blind was drawn across
the window.

‘Go in, my child,’ said the lady; ‘I will look about me, and then I
shall come to you. I want to see the papa, so much.’

The girl stepped into the room, and called her father.

How silent the house seemed to be! the air within was close and hot.

‘Father, where are you?’ she called again.

Madame Berthier was picking some roses, when she heard a scream.
She ran to the cottage-door, sprang in, and saw Gabrielle standing
against the wall, her eyes distended with horror, her hands raised,
and the palms open before her, as though to repel some one or
something she saw.

‘What is the matter?’ asked madame. ‘It is so dark in here.’ She drew
back the window-curtain.


There, in a corner, where the ladder conducting to the upper rooms
had stood, hung Matthias André, with his head on one side, his eyes
open and fixed, the hands clenched and the feet contracted.

‘Mon Dieu! is that the papa?’ exclaimed Madame Berthier. ‘Why,
really, he is not unlike me. See! our faces are much alike. I am
Madame Plomb, and he is Monsieur Plomb.’

The girl was falling. The strange woman carried her out into the open

‘His complexion is darker than mine,’ she said, musingly; ‘but we are
something alike.’

                             CHAPTER XI.

The shock was too much for Gabrielle’s already excited nerves to
bear, and she remained for several days prostrated with fever.
During this time, Madame Berthier attended her with gentle care and
affection. She administered medicines with her own hand, slept in
the room beside her, or kept watch night and day. The unfortunate
woman having at length found a human being whom she could love,
concentrated upon her the pent-up ardour of her soul. The cat
attracted less attention than heretofore, and for some days his
cradles were neglected.

If Madame Berthier had been given a companion whom she could love,
in times gone by, and had been less ill-treated by her husband and
neglected by her father, she would never have become deranged; it
is possible that a course of gentle treatment and forbearance from
irritating conduct on the part of M. Berthier might eventually
have restored her already shaken intellect; but such treatment and
forbearance she was not to receive.

Madame Berthier was walking in the courtyard one day, when Gabrielle
was convalescent. Her husband and father had returned, but she had
seen little of them. The former carefully avoided the wing occupied
by the invalid and his wife, out of apprehension of infection, for he
was peculiarly fearful of sickness; and Foulon did not approach them,
not having occasion.

As she passed the kennel, she halted to caress the hounds. Poulet
and Pigeon were docile under her hand, and never attempted to fly
at and bite her. She and her father were the only persons in the
château who had the brutes under perfect control; they feared Foulon,
but they loved Madame Plomb. Animals are said to know instinctively
those persons who like them. The poor woman exhibited a remarkable
sympathy with animals, which they reciprocated. The dogs would
never suffer Berthier to approach them without barking and showing
their fangs, because he amused himself in teasing and ill-treating
them; they slunk into their kennels before Foulon’s cold grey eye,
Madame Berthier they saluted with gambols. She patted the dogs, and
addressed them by name.

‘Well, Pigeon! well, Poulet! how are you to-day? Are you more
reconciled to Gabriel? Ah! when will you learn to love that angel?
He fears you; he sets up his back, and his tail becomes terrible
to contemplate; and you--you growl at him, and you leap towards
him, and I know if you were loose you would devour him. Alas!
be reconciled, and love as brethren.’ Turning to Adolphe, who
approached, she asked, ‘Have they been good boys lately?’

‘Madame, their conduct has been superb.’

‘That is nice, my brave dogs; I am pleased to hear a good account of

‘Madame, I must except Poulet for one hour. For one hour he
misconducted himself; but what is an hour of evil to an age of good?
it is a drop in an ocean, madame.’

‘Did he misconduct himself, Adolphe? How was that?’

‘Alas! madame, that I should have to blame him; and yet the blame
does hardly attach to him,--it rests rather on the staple,--the
staple of his chain. It gave way that day that the curé came.’

‘What curé?’

‘Ah! madame does not know? Monsieur the Curé of Bernay arrived at the
gate, and the brave dog rushed towards him, and would have devoured
him, doubtless, but for the rails. The staple, madame, was out; but
Gustave and I, assisted by your honoured father, secured the dog once
more, and no blood was shed.’

‘What brought the curé here?’

Adolphe fidgeted his feet, and platted his fingers.

‘Tell me, Adolphe,’ persisted madame, ‘tell me why M. Lindet came to
this house. These gates are not usually visited by Religion.’

‘Madame,’ answered the servant in a low voice, and with hesitation,
‘I think he came here to enquire after the young girl----’

‘I understand,’ said the lady. ‘Who spoke to him?’

‘It was M. Foulon, your honoured father, who dismissed him.’

‘Did the priest seem anxious to obtain information?’

‘Madame, I believe so; he seemed most anxious.’

‘Thank you, Adolphe. Open the gate for me; I am going to Bernay.’

‘Madame will, I am sure, not mention what I have said,’ the man
began, nervously.

‘Be satisfied; neither M. Berthier nor M. Foulon shall know that you
have mentioned this to me.’

‘Madame is so good!’ exclaimed the man, throwing open the gate.

The unfortunate lady, having gathered her veil closely over her
face, so as completely to conceal it, took the road to Bernay, and,
entering the town by the Rue des Jardins, crossed the square in front
of the Abbey, and speedily made her way to the Place S. Croix, where
dwelt the priest.

The day being somewhat chilly, Thomas Lindet was seated before the
fire in the kitchen; his brothers, Robert and Peter, were with him.
Robert was an attorney in practice at Bernay, Peter was supposed
to help him in the office, but as the practice was small, and
Peter was constitutionally incapable of attending to business, or
of doing anything systematically, his value was nil. The brothers
were remarkable contrasts. Some years later, when the events of the
Revolution had developed their characters, they were nicknamed Robert
le Diable, Thomas l’Incredule, and Pierre le Fou. It is needless
to say that these names were given them by their enemies. Only in
the first dawn of Christianity do we find a nickname given in a
spirit of charity--Barnabas, the Son of Consolation. These names
were partly just and partly unjust. Robert was never a devil; Thomas
was, perhaps, a doubter; Peter was certainly a fool. Robert had an
intelligent face, much like that of his brother the curé; his lips
were habitually arched with a smile; it was difficult to decide
whether the smile was one of benevolence or of sarcasm. An ironical
twinkle in his eye led most who had dealings with him to suspect that
he was internally jesting at them, when they received from him some
mark of courtesy or esteem. A thorough professional acquaintance with
the injustice of the _ancien régime_, had made him as desirous of
a change as his brother Thomas. He had the same passionate love of
right and liberty, the same vehemence, but his strong clear judgment
completely governed and modulated his impulses. He was scrupulously
honest and truthful. The Revolution rolled its course around him,
and he became one of its most important functionaries, without
compromising his character, without losing his integrity; under every
form of government he served, being found an invaluable servant in
the interest of his country, true to France and to his conscience.
He had no love for power; he dreaded its splendour: he loved only to
have work and responsibility. He was less a man of politics than of
administration. His extreme caution was a subject of reproach, but it
saved his neck from the guillotine in the Reign of Terror, and his
probity, which left him unenriched by the public moneys which had
passed through his hands, preserved him from exile in 1816. Of him
the great Napoleon said: ‘I know no man more able, and no minister
more honest.’ The innumerable difficulties with which he had to deal
in administrative and financial practice during the Revolution,
occupied his close attention, and he shunned public discussion, in
which he knew he should not shine, that he might be the soul of
committees. The Girondins, mistrusting him, thrust him into the arms
of Robespierre, who received him, saying, ‘We shall found Salente,
and you shall be the Fénélon of the Revolution.’

Jean Baptiste Robert, to give him his name in full, was little
conscious of the part it was his destiny to play, at the time our
story opens. He and Peter were smoking.

‘Well, Thomas! what have you gained by this move?’ asked Robert,
alluding to his brother’s expedition to Évreux.

‘To my mind,’ put in Peter, ‘you have acted very wrongly, and have
not exhibited that respect to constituted authority which the
catechism enjoins.’

Thomas had his own misgivings, so he did not answer.

‘You should have waited,’ said Robert.

‘That is your invariable advice,’ said Thomas, impatiently; ‘always
wait, wait, wait--till doomsday, I suppose.’

‘Till the election of deputies,’ said Robert, between his whiffs; ‘it
is the same.’

‘You will be inhibited, brother Thomas,’ Peter observed, as he shook
some of the ashes from his pipe on to the floor; ‘as sure as eggs are
eggs, Monseigneur the Bishop will withdraw your licence, and inhibit
you from preaching and ministering the sacraments. And quite right

‘Why right, Peter?’ asked Thomas.

‘Because you have gone against constituted authority. I say,
reverence constituted authority; never thwart it. Constituted
authority, in my eyes----’

‘Is constituted despotism,’ said Thomas.

‘No; it is right. Obedience is a Christian virtue; obedience is due
to all who are set over us in Church and State. You have revolted
against constituted authority, brother, and constituted authority
will be down on you. You will be inhibited. Mark my words, you will.’

‘No, not yet,’ said Robert. ‘To inhibit you would be to wing the
story, and send it flying through the province. But be cautious for
the future; the least trip will cause your fall.’

Madame Berthier tapped at the door, and the priest answered it.

‘I want to speak with you,’ she said, ‘for one minute.’



‘Then walk this way.’

He conducted her to his sitting-room, and requested her to be seated.
She did not remove her veil, but told him her name.

‘You came to Château Malouve in search of Gabrielle André,’ she said.
‘Did they tell you she was there?’

‘Madame, I did go in quest of her. Pardon me for speaking plainly,
but I knew she would be in great peril if she were there.’

‘You were right, she would have been in great peril; I have protected
her, however.’

‘She is with you, then, madame?’

‘She is with me at present: she has been very ill. The shock of her
father’s death has been too great for her. She is recovering now.’

‘Does the poor child remain with you?’ asked the priest.

‘At present; but I cannot say for how long. M. Berthier may be
removing to Paris shortly, our time for returning to the capital
approaches, and, if we go there--we--that is Gabriel, Gabrielle and

‘Who is Gabriel, madame?’

‘An angel.’

‘Pardon me, I do not understand.’

‘He is my solace, my joy.’


‘He is my cat.’

‘Proceed, I pray.’

‘If we, that is, Gabriel, Gabrielle and I go to Paris, I cannot be
sure that I shall be able to protect the girl. Here, in the country,
servants are not what they are in Paris. There they are creatures of
the beast!’

‘Of whom, madame?’

‘Of the beast--of my husband. What am I to do then? They will do what
Berthier orders them; they will separate her from me; they will lock
me up. They have done so before; they will even tear my angel from my

‘Your angel, madame?’

‘My Gabriel, my cat. I have great battles to keep him near me, how
can I assure myself of being able to retain her?’

‘What is to be done, then?’

‘She cannot go home to her blue father; she cannot stay with yellow
Gabriel. I ask you what is to be done.’

Lindet paused before he replied. The lady puzzled him, her way of
speaking was so strange. He looked intently at her veil, as though
he desired to penetrate it with his eyes. Madame Berthier saw the
direction of his eyes, and drew the veil closer.

‘Why do you stare?’ she asked; ‘my face is not beautiful: it is
terrible. The beast calls me Madame Plomb, and I hate him for it;
but,’ she drew close to the priest and whispered into his ear, ‘I
know now how to make him blue, like me,--how to turn M. Berthier into
M. Plomb. We shall see, we shall see one of these days!’

‘Madame, what is your meaning?’

‘Ah, ha! I tell no one that secret, but you shall discover my meaning
some day. Now, go back to what we were saying about Gabrielle. What
is to be done with her?’

‘When you go to Paris?’

‘Yes, I cannot protect her there. I am not safe there myself. Here I
can do what I like, but not there.’

‘I cannot tell you, madame, but I will make enquiries, and find out
where she may be taken in and screened against pursuit.’

‘You promise me that,’ she said.

‘Yes, madame, I will do my best. If you will communicate with me
again in a day or two, I shall be more in a position to satisfy you.’

‘Then I may trust in you as Gabrielle’s protector when I am unable
myself to execute that office?’

‘Certainly. I will be her protector.’

Madame Plomb rose from her seat, and departed.

As she approached the château, she heard the furious barking of the
two dogs, and on entering the gates she saw the cause. M. Berthier
had wheeled an easy chair into the yard, and was seated in it at a
safe distance from the hounds, armed with a long-lashed carriage
whip, which he whirled above his head, and brought down now on Poulet
and then on Pigeon, driving the beasts frantic with pain and rage.
He had thrown a large piece of raw meat just within their reach, and
he kept them from it by skilful strokes across the nose and paws.
The dogs were ravenous, and they flew upon the piece of flesh, only
to recoil with howls of pain. Pigeon had bounded to the top of his
kennel, and was dancing with torture, having received a cutting
stroke across his fore paws; then, seeing Poulet making towards the
meat, and fearful lest he should be robbed of his share, he leaped
down from his perch and flew after his brother, only to be nearly
overthrown by Poulet, as he started back before a sweep of the lash.

Madame Berthier looked scornfully towards her husband.

‘Ah, ha! my leaden lady!’ cried he, as she drew near; ‘you have been
taking a walk; there is nothing to be compared with fresh air and
exercise for heightening and refining the complexion. You are right,
madame, to wear a veil; the sun freckles.’

He had recovered all that insolence which seemed to have left him on
the day following her repulse of him.

‘Sacré! you rascal! will you touch the meat? No, not yet,’ and the
whip caught Poulet across the face.

The blow was answered with a furious howl.

‘Are you going, Madame Plomb? No, stand here and watch my sport. I do
not like to have my sport interfered with, mind that. What I like to
do, that I will do. Sacré! who will dare to stand between me and my

‘I will,’ said his wife, walking towards the dogs.

‘No, you shall not; you shall leave that meat alone.’

She stooped, picked up the piece of raw flesh, and threw it towards
the dogs.

‘You are a bold woman to go so near the infuriated hounds,’ said
Berthier, cracking his whip in the air; ‘I daren’t do it.’

‘No, you are a bully; and bullies are always cowards.’

‘Madame! you are uncivil. You bark like Pigeon and Poulet.’

‘I shall bite, too.’

‘Do you know what we do with barking, biting, snarling, angry,
ungovernable beasts, eh? with those who show their teeth to their
masters, who unsheath their claws to their lords? Do you know what we
do with them, eh?’

He wiped his red eyes with the corner of his handkerchief, leaned
back in his chair, and laughed. ‘Shall I tell you what we do with
dangerous animals, or with those who stand between us and our object?
We chain them up.’ He laughed again.

Madame gazed contemptuously at his fat quivering cheeks.

‘We lock them up, we chain them up,’ continued he; ‘we make them so
fast that they may bark as much as they like, but bite they cannot,
for those whom they would bite keep out of their reach.’

                            CHAPTER XII.

Madame Berthier had left Gabrielle in her yellow room, with strict
directions to attend to the cat, and to take him a little stroll
in the garden. The lady had descended to the courtyard with full
intentions of visiting the church of Nôtre Dame, but the information
given her by Adolphe had altered her intention. The walk to Bernay
and back took longer than she had intended.

Shortly after madame had left the house, Gabrielle, carrying the dyed
cat in her arms, descended the stairs and entered the garden. Her
confinement to the house had removed the dark stain of the sun from
her skin, which was now of a wheaten hue, delicate, and lighting up
with every emotion that sent a flush to her cheek. The anxiety and
terror which had overcome her, had left their traces on her face; the
old child-like simplicity and joyousness were gone, and their place
was occupied by an expression of timidity scarcely less engaging. She
wore one of her own peasant dresses, so becoming to a peasant girl,
and a pure white Normandy cap.

‘Poor puss!’ she said, caressing the yellow cat as she entered the
garden; ‘do you love your mistress? I am sure you do, for already I
love her, though I have not known her half so long as you have. How
can that dreadful man treat her with so much cruelty? If he only knew
how good she was----’

‘You surely do not allude to me when you use the expression “dreadful
man.” No, I am convinced you could not have so named one who lives
only to devote himself to you, and gratify your every whim.’

Berthier stood before her, having stepped from an arbour that had
concealed him.

Gabrielle recoiled in speechless terror.

‘Did I hear you say that you loved Madame Plomb?’ he asked, advancing
towards her. She shrank away.

‘Did I hear you express affection for that leaden woman, with her
blue complexion, her bird-like profile, her fierce black eyes, and
her mad fancies?’

‘Monsieur,’ answered the girl, trembling violently, ‘I do love her;
she has been kind to me.’

‘Then,’ said the fat man, throwing up one hand and laying the other
on his breast, ‘I love her too.’

He looked at her from head to foot, feasting his eyes on her beauty
and innocence. She attempted to look up, but before that bold glance
her eyes fluttered to one side and then the other.

‘Do not run away, I will not touch you,’ he said, as she made a
movement to escape; ‘I want merely to have a word with you in
confidence. If you will not listen to me here, I will speak to you
in the house. Whither can you go to escape me? The house is mine. No
door is locked or bolted which I cannot open.’

‘Monsieur, pray do not speak to me!’ exclaimed Gabrielle, joining her
trembling hands as in prayer.

‘I must speak to you, little woman,’ said Berthier, ‘for I have got a
charming suggestion, strictly correct, you may be sure, which I want
to make to you.’

‘Let me go home!’ she cried, covering her face with her hands.

‘Home!’ echoed Berthier. ‘Where is your home? Not the Isle of
Swallows. Your father is dead, you know that; and another farmer has
taken the house. How stupid of the père André to put himself out of
the world just when his daughter wanted a home!’

This brutal remark caused the girl’s tears to burst forth.

‘Home!’ continued the Intendant, approaching her; ‘this is henceforth
your home. I offer you my wealth, my mansions, my servants, myself.’
He put his hand on her shoulder.

She sprang from the touch, as though it had stung her.

‘Foolish maiden, not to accept such offers at once. You are in my
power; you have nowhere to flee to; you have no relations to take
your part against me. If I turn you out of my doors, do you know
whither to go? No; you have no place to go to.’

‘I have friends,’ she sobbed.

‘Name them.’

‘I am sure Pauline Lebertre would give me shelter.’

‘Who is Pauline Lebertre, may I ask?’

‘The curé’s sister.’

‘At La Couture?’


M. Berthier clapped his fleshy hands together and laughed.

‘You are vastly mistaken,’ he said, ‘if you think that every house
is open to you now. I lament to say it, but your presence in this
château is likely somewhat to affect your credit with some good
people. It is with unfeigned regret that I assure you that this
charming mansion of mine is regarded with suspicion. It is even
asserted that you left your father and home for the purpose of making
your fortune here; that the idea so weighed on the good Matthias,
that he committed suicide, and that therefore you are his murderer.’

Gabrielle leaned against a tree, with her face in her hands; she
could not speak; shame, anguish, and disgust overwhelmed her.

‘Do you think that the sister of a curé would invite you to her

‘Monsieur, monsieur!’ she cried; ‘leave me, I pray.’

‘Certainly, I will leave you to digest what I have told you,’ he
said, with great composure; ‘but not just yet; I must place certain
alternatives before you, and, if you are a discreet girl, you will
make the choice I desire. If you leave my hospitable roof, you go
forth branded as your father’s murderer, with an ugly name that will
ever cling to you. You will go forth to be pointed at and scorned,
and to be shut out of the society of your friends. On the other hand,
if you remain here, you may remain on honourable terms. There is a
place, not the grave, which swallows up wives; and the husband is
left not only to all intents and purposes a widower, but in the eye
of the law wifeless, so that he may marry again. I am sorry to say
it, but that place is about to swallow up Madame Plomb. I offer you
her place. She will be dead,--dead to all the world, and dead by law.
You may occupy the place of honour at my table, sit beside me in my
carriage, dress as suits your taste, lavish money as you list. You
shall be my second wife, and the curé’s daughter will come bowing
down to you and asking for subscriptions for the church and the poor,
and you can give more than all the rest of the people in the village,
and you can set up a magnificent tomb to your father, and have a
thousand masses said for his soul.’

‘Madame!’ cried the girl, ‘oh, dear madame, come to my rescue!’

‘You trust to the leaden wife to protect you, do you?’ asked
Berthier, laughing. ‘The leaden woman shall not be at hand to stand
between us much longer. I have managed that she shall disappear.’

Gabrielle looked fixedly at him, and her heart stood still.

‘Yes, I promise you that,’ said Berthier; ‘I will have no more knives
drawn upon me, and presented at my throat. I have taken precautions
against a recurrence of such a proceeding. Let me tell you, dearest,
that she shall not be much longer in this house. In a very few hours
I hope to see her removed to a place of security. Should you like to
know whither?‘--he sidled up to her, put his lips to her ear, and
whispered a name. ‘Now I leave you,’ he said, drawing back; ‘I leave
you to make your choice. Think what it would be to be called Madame
Berthier de Sauvigny, and to reign over the peasants of Malouve!’

With a snap of his fingers he withdrew. It was some time before
Gabrielle had sufficiently recovered to escape into the house. She
fled to Madame Berthier’s room and threw herself into a chair; then,
fearing lest her pursuer should intrude himself upon her again, she
went to the door to lock or bolt it, but found that the bolt had been
removed, and there was no key in the lock. Berthier had spoken the
truth when he said that no place in the house was secure from his
entrance. She reseated herself, and awaited Madame Berthier’s return.

That lady arrived in good spirits. She had secured a protector for
Gabrielle, and she had spoiled her husband’s sport with the dogs.

‘Well, my precious ones!’ exclaimed she, as she entered. ‘Gabriel!
come to my shoulder. Where is my angel? I do not see him. Gabrielle,
tell me where is the cat, or I perish.’

‘Madame,’ answered the girl, who had started to her feet on the
entrance of the lady, ‘I do not know; I left him in the garden.’

‘Have you cherished him, and consoled him for my absence?’

‘Madame, I have done what I could.’

‘That is right. Oh! it is delightful, now I can leave the house
without anxiety. Hitherto I have been torn with fears lest some
mischief should befall my angel, whenever I have been absent from
home; but now I leave him to you in all confidence. But--what is the
matter with you? you have been crying.’

‘Madame! you have been so good to me, but I cannot remain in this
house. I cannot, indeed.’

‘My dear child, I know that you cannot, and I have this afternoon
been to find you a protector, and I have secured you one.’

‘Who, madame?’

‘The curé of Bernay.’

‘Madame,’ faltered the girl, ‘does he know that I am here?’

‘Yes, child.’

‘And he will yet receive me?’

‘I do not know that he will himself receive you, but he has promised
to find you a refuge.’

‘Madame, tell me, does he think evil of me?’

‘Of you? No; why should he?’

‘Because, madame, I am in this house.’

‘Ah, to be sure; that is not to the credit of any young woman; but I
have assured him that I stood between you and harm.’

Gabrielle flung herself before Madame Berthier, to clasp her feet;
the lady caught her and held her to her heart.

‘You are too good to me,’ the girl sobbed. ‘Oh, madame, how can I
ever repay you?’

‘You will pray for me.’

‘Ever, ever!’ fervently ejaculated Gabrielle.

‘And for Gabriel, my cat.’

‘Madame,’ said the girl, clinging to the unfortunate lady, ‘madame,
how shall I say it?--but you are yourself in danger.’

‘I am always in danger,’ said the poor woman. ‘Am not I married to
a beast? But tell me, now, what has made you cry whilst I have been
out? The beast has not been near you to insult you. If he has,’--she
gnashed her teeth; all the softness which had stolen over her strange
countenance altering suddenly to an expression of hardness,--‘if
he has, I shall draw my knife upon him again. And I should be sorry
to do that, because I do not want to make him bleed; I have other
designs in my head. Ah! they are secrets: we shall see! perhaps
some day we shall be more alike than we are now. Well--’ she seated
herself and removed her bonnet and veil--‘well, and how came you to
part company with the yellow cat?’

‘Madame! you are in danger.’

‘I have told you that I am in danger every day. In danger of what?
Of being grossly insulted; of being called Madame Plomb; of having
my liberty taken from me. I have been locked up in my chamber before
now, and the beast threatened me with something of the kind just now,
as I passed him in the yard, teasing the dogs. That man is hated by
all. The people of Paris hate him; his servants hate him; his dogs
hate him; you hate him; and so do I,--I hate him. I am all hate.’

‘Madame, let me tell you what he said to me.’

‘I do not care to hear,--I can guess; he spoke of me and called me
Madame Plomb,’ she stamped, as she mentioned the name. ‘He made his
jokes about me. He always makes his jokes about me to the servants,
to his guests, to any one--and, if I am listening and looking on, all
the better.’

‘Dear, dear madame, let me speak.’

‘You do not know, however, how my father treats me. That is worst of
all. But where is Gabriel? Where is the yellow angel? Come, we will
make his cradle.’

In a moment she had the threads about her fingers.

The girl saw that her only chance of being attended to was to wait
her opportunity.

‘This is the cat’s net,’ said Madame Berthier. ‘This is his basket.’
She pursued the changes with her usual interest, till it came to
that of her own invention. As Gabrielle put up her fingers for the
construction of the castle, she said, nervously:

‘Madame, what do you call this tower or prison?’

‘I call it the cat’s castle.’

‘But you have another name for it. You told me about a dreadful
prison in Paris----’

‘Ah! the Bastille.’

‘Yes, madame. Who are shut up in that place?’

‘Political offenders, and mad people, and, indeed, all sorts of folk.’

‘How are they put in there?’

‘Why, those who have committed political offences----’

‘No, dearest madame, the others.’

‘What! the mad people?’


‘Their friends get an order from the king, and then they are

‘Are all mad people in Paris put there?’

‘Oh dear no! they are sent to Bicêtre. But only those of very great
families, or those whom it is not wise or prudent for their relatives
to have sent to the general asylum, are imprisoned there.’

‘Madame, have you ever feared?’

‘Feared what, Gabrielle?’

‘Feared lest----’ the girl hesitated and shook like an aspen.

‘I have often been much afraid of an accident befalling my darling
Gabriel. Oh! child, the anguish and terror of one night when the dear
cat was absent. He had not been in all day, and night drew on and no
Gabriel came, so I sat up at the window and watched, and I cried ever
and anon, but he did not answer.’

‘Madame,’ interrupted the girl, clasping the poor lady’s hands, and
utterly ruining the tower of threads; ‘dear, dear Madame Berthier,
have you never feared the Bastille for yourself?’

Those words struck the lady as though with an electric shock. She
started back and gazed with distended horror-lighted eyes and rigid
countenance at Gabrielle; her hands fell paralysed at her side; her
mouth moved as though she would speak, but not a word escaped her

At that moment the dogs began to bark furiously in the yard, and
continued for some minutes.

Madame Berthier slowly recovered such self-possession as she ever had.

‘Did he mean that?’ she asked; ‘he said that those who were dangerous
were chained up. Gabrielle, tell me, did he threaten _that_ to me?’

‘Madame, he said as much.’

The unhappy woman was silent again. She seemed cowed at the very
idea, her feet worked nervously on the floor, and her fingers
twitched; every line of her face bore the impress of abject fear.

‘Oh, Gabrielle! do not desert me!’ she entreated piteously. ‘I have
no friends. My husband is against me, my father is indifferent. I
fling myself on you. Do not desert me--Gabrielle, Gabrielle!’ the cry
of pain pierced the girl to the heart.

‘My dearest madame,’ said she; ‘I will follow you.’

‘Gabrielle, did you hear aright? Was it not the cat they were going
to take to his castle? Hark!’

There was a sound, a tramp of feet in the corridor.

‘Who are these, who are coming?’ shrieked the poor woman.

The girl was too frightened to move from her place. She stood
trembling, and the tread drew nearer.

‘Fly to the door, shut it, lock it!’ cried Madame Berthier, throwing
herself from her chair on the ground and tearing her grey hair with
her discoloured hands.

Gabrielle stood irresolute but one moment, then she fell on her knees
beside her mistress, and raised her head and kissed her, as the tears
flowed from her eyes over the frightened deathly countenance of the
unfortunate woman, whose trembling was so violent and convulsive that
the floor vibrated under her.

‘Gabrielle!’ gasped the poor lady, suddenly becoming calmer; ‘if I
be taken, remember M. Lindet is your protector. Do not remain here.’
Then her mind rambled off to the horror which oppressed her.

The door was thrown open, and Berthier entered with his eyes
twinkling, and his cheeks wagging with laughter. Behind him were some

‘In the king’s name!’ he exclaimed. ‘Ha! get up!’ He stood instantly
before his wife, rubbing his hands. His eye lighted on Gabrielle, and
he saluted her with a nod and leer. ‘Now, dear! what did I say?’

Madame Berthier hid her face in the girl’s bosom. All fierceness, all
her courage, every atom of power seemed to have disappeared before
the awful fear.

‘I will raise her,’ said Berthier.

‘No,’ exclaimed Gabrielle; ‘she is in my care.’

‘In your care!’ laughed Berthier; ‘much good your care will do her.’

The girl gently lifted the frightened woman to her feet, but she
could not stand without support.

‘She is dangerous,’ said Berthier to the officers. ‘Secure her. She
attempted my life with a dagger. Take care, she may stab one of you.’

There seemed little danger of this from the quaking being before
them, nevertheless they secured her with manacles.

Gabrielle clung to her. The soldiers thrust her aside.

‘Let me accompany her! Oh, let me go with her!’ she pleaded; ‘I have
no home but with her!’

‘What!’ exclaimed Berthier, ‘no home! Why, this house is your home.
You have none other.’

Gabrielle was separated from madame.

‘Where are you going to take me?’ asked the poor woman, faintly.

‘To the Bastille,’ answered her husband promptly, stepping in front
of her and staring into her eyes dim with fear, ‘where you will be
secure, and knowing you to be there, I shall be safe.’

‘Let her come with me,’ she besought, turning her face towards

‘By no manner of means,’ answered Berthier with a laugh; ‘I intend
to make her very comfortable here. Whilst you enjoy your cell, she
shall have your room.’

‘My cat!’ gasped the wretched wife.

‘Would you have me catch it for you?’ he asked. ‘No. You must go
without. Soldiers! remove her.’

They obeyed. She offered no resistance. A carriage was in the yard,
ready to receive her. As the men drew her along the corridor and down
the stairs, her limbs refusing to support her, her eyes turned from
side to side in a strained, uneasy manner, and moans escaped her lips.

Gabrielle, almost too stunned to think, stood and gazed after her,
but when she saw that the soldiers were about to thrust her into the
carriage, with her grey hair hanging loosely about her shoulders,
and with no cover for her face, she rallied, and flying back to the
room she had left, caught up the bonnet and veil Madame Berthier had
so lately taken off, and hastened after her to the court. She sprang
upon the step of the carriage, and with her own hands adjusted the
straggling hair, put on the bonnet, and drew the veil over the face
of her mistress.

‘Gabrielle!’ murmured the poor woman, and the girl flung herself into
her arms.

‘Come!’ said Berthier; ‘enough of this. Coachman, drive on.’

Reluctantly the mistress and the maiden parted. Gabrielle stood
looking after the carriage, as it rolled towards the gates amidst the
furious barking of the hounds.

Just as it passed through the entrance and turned into the road, the
head and arms of Madame Berthier appeared at the coach window, the
latter extended, and her cry, shrill and full of agony, was echoed
back from the front of the chateau:

‘Gabrielle! save me, save me!’

‘That,’ said Berthier, rubbing his eyes, ‘that is more than Gabrielle
or any one else can do, excepting myself or the king.’

                            CHAPTER XIII.

Thomas Lindet stood at his window thinking. One by one the lights
died out in the town. A candle had been shining through the
curtain in Madame Leroux’s bedroom for an hour, and now that was
extinguished. The red glow of the forge at the corner had become
fainter. For long it had shot a scarlet glare over the pavement, and
had roared before the bellows. The clink on the anvil was hushed, the
shutters were closed, and only a feeble glimmer shone through their
chinks, and under the door. The watch had closed the tavern of the
‘Golden Cross.’ None traversed the square. Lindet saw a light still
in Madame Aubin’s windows. She had a child ill, and was sitting up
with it. There was a glimmer also from the window of M. François
Corbelin, and the strains of a violin issued from his room. There was
no moon now. The stars shone in the black vault above, and the priest
fixed his eyes upon them.

Save for the violin, all was hushed; the frogs indeed trilled as
usual, but the curé was so accustomed to the sound that he did not
hear them, or rather did not know that his ear received their
clamorous notes. Then suddenly he heard the baying of some hounds,
distant, but approaching.

A moment after, Lindet saw a figure dart across the market-place,
with extended arms, and rush to his door. Looking fixedly at the
form, he distinguished it to be that of a woman. She struck at his
door, and gasped, ‘Let me in! they are after me.’

‘Who are you, and what do you want?’ asked the curé from his window.

‘Oh! quick, let me in,’ she cried; ‘the dogs! the dogs!’

‘Who are you?’

‘I am Gabrielle----’ she broke off with a scream, for instantly from
the street, out of which she had started, appeared the bloodhounds,
baying and tracking her.

‘For God’s sake! or they will tear me!’ she cried.

Lindet flung himself down the stairs, tore the door open, beat off
the dogs with a staff he snatched up, as the girl sprang in; then
slammed and barred the door upon the brutes.

‘Have they hurt you?’

She could not answer; her breath was nearly gone.

‘Stay there,’ he said; ‘I will light a candle.’ He groped his way
to the kitchen, felt for the tinder and steel, and struck a light.
Having kindled from it a little lamp, he returned to the girl. She
had sunk upon the ground beside the door, outside of which the
hounds leaped and barked, and at which they attempted to burrow.

‘How came you here?’ asked the curé. He set down the lamp, and raised
her from the floor in his arms.

‘I have escaped,’ she gasped. ‘I ran. They are after me.’

Voices were now heard without, calling off the dogs.

‘Bah! she has taken refuge with her dear friend the curé. I thought
as much.’ The voice was that of Foulon.

‘Sacré!’ exclaimed Berthier; ‘I wish we had discovered her flight a
little earlier. I wish the dogs had brought her down in the forest.
Sacré! I wish----’

‘My dear good Berthier,’ said Foulon, ‘what is the use of wishing
things to be otherwise than they are? always accept facts, and make
the most of them. Gustave! take the dogs away. They make a confounded

‘Remain here,’ said Lindet, in an agitated voice; ‘I will go and
summon Madame Pin, the old woman whose house this is. She is as deaf
as a post.’

‘Do not go!’ pleaded Gabrielle, trembling; ‘perhaps they may get in.
Wait, wait, to defend me.’

Lindet stood and listened to the voices outside. The dogs were
collared and withdrawn. Foulon tapped at the door.

‘Do not open,’ entreated Gabrielle.

‘Well! Monsieur le Curé,’ said the old gentleman through the door;
‘sly priest! so the little rogue is with you? What will the bishop
say? So late at night!’

The noise had attracted the musician to his window. The mother of
the sick child had opened her casement, and was looking out. Madame
Leroux started out of the dose into which she had fallen, and
appeared at her garret window.

‘What is the matter?’ asked the musician.

‘Ah, M. Corbelin!’ exclaimed Foulon, in a loud voice; ‘what foxes
these curés are! We have just seen one admit a young and pretty
girl to his house. Hark! it is striking midnight. No wonder all the
dogs in the town have been giving them a charivari.’ Then, in a
low tone to Berthier, he said: ‘My good boy! I have served out our
curé now, for having repeated in the pulpit certain observations I
made in private. Those she-dragons yonder’--he pointed up at the
windows--‘will have ruined Thomas Lindet for ever. Come, let us go

                            CHAPTER XIV.

It was evident that the States-general must be convoked. All attempts
on the part of the Court at evasion provoked so loud and so indignant
a burst of feeling from every quarter of France, that Louis XVI
finally resolved on conquering his repugnance and yielding to popular

When Brienne resigned the ministry, he engaged Louis to summon
Necker, a banker of Geneva. Necker decided the king to convoke
the States-general, and to determine the mode of convocation, the
notables were summoned. Necker was now prime minister of France. He
was adored by the people, who believed him to be liberal-minded and
honest; and on his influence the Court relied to keep in check and
subordination the third estate, and use its weight as a counterpoise
to that of the nobility and clergy, who had acted so decided a
part in resisting the crown in the equal distribution of taxation.
As the object desired by the Court was to make the two privileged
classes bear their share in the burden, and as the States-general
consisted of three houses, of which two were composed of those
enjoying immunities, it was evident that they would unite against
the wishes of the king and Necker, and the Tiers État. To avoid this,
Necker proposed that the number of those representing the third
estate should equal the number of the noble and clerical delegates
conjointly. The assembly of notables, perceiving the design of the
prime minister, rejected the double representation demanded in
favour of the communes, and the Parliament of Paris declared that
the States-general must be composed in the same manner as in 1614,
when they last met. An assembly of peers, held on the 20th November,
expressed the same sentiment, and the notables were dismissed.
The courtiers were so accustomed to consider their will the rule
of government, that the opinion of the notables, the parliament,
and the peers would have prevailed, had not the necessity of
filling the deficit in the finances inclined the ministry towards
the Tiers État. Necker procured a decree of council deciding the
double representation, on the 27th December; as to the question of
deliberations by orders or by the three houses united, that was
remitted to the decision of the States-general, convoked for the end
of April, 1789.

Although the hopes of the king rested on the third estate, he feared
it. He desired that it should vote taxes; he resolved that it should
do nothing more. Some persons advised him to assemble the States at
Blois, at Orléans, or at Bourges, and to avoid Paris, which would
exert an incalculable influence over the third house. Louis XVI,
however, decided that the assembly should take place at Versailles,
where the splendour of the Court was calculated to overawe the
representatives of the people, and render them complaisant tools of
the royal will.

When, in the autumn of 1788, it became apparent to the whole of
France that a crisis would arrive in the following spring, and that
there would be a struggle between the privileged and the unprivileged
classes, which would end either in the country asserting its rights
and liberties, or in its further and final subjugation, it became
important to those whose representatives occupied the upper houses,
that they should present a compact front to the common enemy--Justice.

The nobility were almost unanimous; but it became daily more apparent
that the second privileged class was by no means so. The Church was
divided into two classes, the upper and the lower clergy, and the
scission between them was almost as sharp as that between the noble
and the roturier. The eyes of the Court were turned on the Church,
which held the scales between the parties, anxious to know whether
its bias would be cast on the side of the third, or of the higher
estate. The bishops and high clergy were stirred into activity, and
became political agents; they exerted their influence on all the
clergy within their sway, to promote the election of candidates
favourable to the _ancien régime_.

The opportunity of acting a part as a political agitator inspired
the Bishop of Évreux, when recovered from his attack of apoplexy,
to make the circuit of his diocese, and by flattery and promises
extended to some, by pressure brought to bear on others, to secure
the election of candidates recommended by himself as partizans of
privilege and abuse. Indeed, his ambition was to be himself elected.
His negotiations had not been as successful as he had anticipated; he
discovered that his clergy were by no means so enthusiastic in their
devotion to the existing state of affairs as were those who largely
profited by them. Some listened to him and respectfully declined to
promise their votes to him or his candidate, others would consider
his lordship’s recommendation, others again would give no answer
one way or another. The bishop was personally unpopular; he had a
domineering manner which offended his clergy, and a tenacity to his
dignity, which rendered him disliked. If a living in his gift were
vacant, he kept it open for six months, and then appointed to it
a priest of another diocese; if he were written to on business by
one of his clergy, he either gave him no answer, or did not reply
for months. Towards the close of his circuit, he arrived at Bernay,
not in the best humour at his ill success, and accepted Berthier’s
invitation to stay at Château Malouve. Thither Lindet was summoned.

Rumours had come to the bishop’s ears that the liberal party
among his clergy, in casting about for a suitable delegate at the
approaching convocation, had mentioned the name of the curé of S.
Cross. No name could possibly have been suggested more calculated
to irritate monseigneur; and the bishop had arrived at Bernay with
a settled determination to crush Lindet. The means were simple: he
had but to sign his name and Lindet was cast adrift; but he must
have some excuse for inhibiting him; and to provide him with this,
Ponce, the _officiel_, was summoned to Bernay. The excuse was,
however, ready, and awaiting his arrival,--an excuse a great deal
more plausible than he had ventured to expect. The bishop had not
been an hour in the château before Foulon had made him acquainted
with ‘a scandal which had compromised Religion and the Church in that
neighbourhood,’ and had told him how that Lindet had received a young
woman into his house at midnight, and had not dismissed her till next
morning, when he had sent her to his brother, the lawyer, to be his

Now it happened that the incident had caused no scandal in Bernay, as
Foulon had predicted, for the musician had from his window witnessed
what had taken place; Berthier’s character was well known in Bernay,
and the disappearance of Gabrielle had been widely commented upon.
A few malicious persons, perhaps, alluded to the priest’s part in
recovering the girl, as indicating a very unaccountable interest in
her, but the circumstance had roused a deep indignation against
the Intendant in the breasts of the Bernay people, which was not
allayed when it transpired through Lindet, that Madame Berthier, the
protectress of the girl, had been carried off to Paris by soldiers,
to be incarcerated in the Bastille.

When Thomas Lindet reached Château Malouve, he was shown into the
yellow room, once occupied by the afflicted lady, and which Berthier
had surrendered to the prelate as his office during his stay.

Lindet found the bishop seated near the window, at the head of a
long table, beside which sat M. Ponce, acting as his secretary.
Monseigneur de Narbonne bowed stiffly, without rising from his chair,
or removing his biretta; his red face flushed purple as the priest
entered, but gradually resumed its usual ruddy hue.

‘I have received a paper, which M. Ponce will do us the favour of
reading,’ said the bishop in a pompous tone, without raising his eyes
from the table, or for a moment looking the curé full in the face--‘a
paper which contains grave charges of a moral nature against you,
Robert Thomas Lindet--your name is correctly stated, is it not?’

‘Yes, my Lord.’

‘But your brother, the lawyer, is also Robert.’

‘Monseigneur, his name in full is Jean Baptiste Robert.’

‘Then you are both Robert?’

‘Both, my Lord; but I have always been called by my second name.’

‘M. Ponce, will you kindly----’ the bishop bent slightly towards his

That gentleman rose, and taking up a paper, read in a voice devoid of

‘We, the undersigned, did, on the night of September 3, 1788, see a
young girl, Gabrielle André, secretly enter the parsonage of Robert
Thomas Lindet, curé of S. Cross, at Bernay, between the hours of
eleven and twelve at night, the said Robert Thomas Lindet himself
admitting her, and closing and locking the door after her. And we,
the undersigned, have ascertained that the said girl, Gabrielle
André, did remain in the house of the priest that night till the hour
of seven in the morning.’

This document was signed by Foulon, Berthier, Gustave, and Adolphe.

The bishop closed his fingers over his breast, leaned back in
his chair, thrust his feet out under the table, settled his neck
comfortably in his cravat, and looked at Lindet.

The priest grew pale, not with fear, but with indignation.

‘Have you anything to say upon this?’ asked the prelate, blandly.
Lindet flashed a glance at him, and the bishop’s eyes fell instantly.

‘Is this true?’ again asked the bishop, after a pause.

‘Perfectly,’ answered the priest in a hard voice.

‘I ask you whether, or not, you have thereby brought scandal on the

‘I do not care.’

‘M. Lindet, please to remember in whose presence you stand.’

‘I am not likely to forget, monseigneur.’

‘Then answer in a becoming way.’

‘My Lord! I ask to see my accusers.’

‘This is no public trial.’

‘I shall not answer till they are brought here face to face with me.’

‘I am your bishop. I insist on your answering me what I ask. You are
contumacious, sir. You forget where you are.’

‘That also,’ said Lindet, ‘I do not forget. I remember but too
distinctly that I am in the house of a man notorious for his crimes,
and whose hospitality you accept. I ask you, my Lord, whether or not
you have thereby brought scandal on the Church.’

The bishop half started out of his chair.

‘This insolence is simply intolerable. To my face----’

‘Better than behind your back. I tell you--the head of the Church in
this diocese, the guardian of religion and morality--that you are
outraging decency by lodging in this polluted den.’

‘Leave my presence this instant,’ said the bishop. ‘Ponce! turn him

‘No,’ said Lindet, taking a chair, and leaning his hands on the back
to steady himself, for his limbs trembled with excitement; ‘no,
monseigneur; a charge has been brought against me, a slur has been
cast on my character, and I ask to meet my accusers face to face.’

‘Pardon me!’ The door opened, and Foulon stepped in, bearing some
peaches on a leaf. ‘My dear Lord, I must positively offer you this
fruit, the very last on the tree. I thought all were gone, but these
are so luscious. Pray accept them.’

Lindet faced him instantly, with abruptness.

‘Monsieur Foulon, I am glad you are here.’

‘Ah, ha! my dear curé. Sly fellow! Do you remember the pretty little
peasantess? Well, I allow she was pretty, bewitching enough to have
captivated a saint, therefore quite excusable in a curé to have been

‘Monsieur Foulon!’ said the prelate with dignity, ruffling up, and
throwing a tone of reprimand into his voice.

‘I beg your lordship’s pardon a thousand times, but he is too sly. He
amuses me infinitely.’

Thomas Lindet had much difficulty in controlling his naturally quick
temper. He gripped the back of the chair with nervous force, and his
lips whitened and trembled.

‘I know you will allow me,’ said Foulon, withdrawing the chair; and
bringing it to the table, he seated himself upon it.

Lindet, standing without support, shook like a leaf in the wind. He
folded his arms on his breast, and pressed them tightly against it,
to keep down the bounding heart.

‘Monseigneur,’ he said, ‘this person has charged me with having
received a poor girl into my house.’

‘I saw her slip in, and I heard you bolt the door after her,’ said
Foulon; ‘you did not suppose that anyone would be about at midnight,

‘Was she a relation?’ asked the bishop.

‘She was not, my Lord,’ answered the curé.

‘A relative of your housekeeper?’


‘Who was she?’

‘She was a poor orphan girl, whom Madame Berthier, that person’s
daughter, had entrusted to my charge, to protect her from M.
Berthier. The child was in danger here----’

‘Excuse me,’ said Foulon in a grave tone, addressing himself to the
bishop, ‘is this curé to bring charges of such a nature as this
against my son-in-law, in his own house?’

‘You are right,’ answered Monseigneur de Narbonne; ‘I insist on you,
M. Lindet, exculpating yourself without slandering others.’

‘M. Foulon,’ said the priest, turning upon the old gentleman, then
engrossed in snuffing; ‘you know that what I say is true. You know
that the child was decoyed into this house by your son-in-law; you
know that your own daughter stood between her and her would-be

‘He is mad,’ said Foulon, calmly. ‘Dear, dear me!’

Lindet could endure no more; his blood boiled up, and the suppressed
passion blazed into action. He sprang upon the imperturbable old man,
and caught him by the shoulders, and forced him round in his chair to
face him.

‘Take some snuff,’ said Foulon, extending his box.

‘Deny what I have said, if you dare!’

‘Certainly not; I will deny nothing. Of course the girl was brought
here; of course my Imogène stood between her and ruin; of course
she besought you to stand protector to the child;--there, does that
satisfy you? I grant all, you see, now be calm. Always say “yes, yes”
to a maniac; it is safest,’ he added, aside to the bishop.

‘I think,’ said Monseigneur de Narbonne, ‘that I have heard quite
enough of this,--enough to satisfy me that M. Lindet is not a fit
person to minister in my diocese. I will trouble you,’ he added,
turning to M. Ponce, ‘to give me that paper you have been so
diligently and kindly drawing up for me. I must inform you,’ he said,
turning his face towards Lindet, ‘that I withdraw your licence, and
inhibit you from performing any ecclesiastical function within my
jurisdiction till further notice.’

He took the paper from his secretary, and in a bold hand signed
it--‘F. EBRO.’

‘You condemn and punish me, you destroy my character, and ruin me,
without investigating the charge laid against me,’ said the priest.

‘You have acknowledged that the charge is substantially correct.’

‘I have not acknowledged it, nor can you prove that my moral
character is thereby affected.’

‘I am quite satisfied that you are greatly to blame,’ said the
bishop. ‘I will not hold a public investigation, because it would
only increase the scandal, and I desire to spare you and the Church
that shame. I am satisfied that you are to blame; that is enough.’

‘I demand a thorough investigation,’ said the curé, with great

‘You may demand one,’ answered the bishop, ‘but you shall not get

‘What!’ exclaimed Lindet; ‘I am to be ruined, and to be deprived of
the means of clearing myself!’

‘_I_ am satisfied,’ said the bishop, drawing himself up.

‘But I am not,’ retorted the priest.

The bishop bowed stiffly, and then turning to M. Ponce, said: ‘I
think we will proceed with other business. Good morning, M. Lindet.
Here is your inhibition.’

The curé stood silent for a moment, looking first at the secretary,
then at Foulon, who was engaged in pouring snuff into his palm; then
at the bishop, who had taken up one of the peaches, and with a silver
pocket-knife was pealing it.

‘My lord bishop!’ said Lindet, ‘hear what I say. We, the priests of
the Church of France, have groaned under an intolerable oppression:
we have been subject, without redress, to the whims and caprices of
the bishop; neither justice nor liberty has been accorded us. I shall
resist this treatment. I shall not submit to be crushed without a
struggle. I appeal to the law.’

‘You have no appeal,’ said the prelate, coldly; ‘you are a mere
curate,--a stipendiary curate, and not an incumbent; the incumbent is
under the protection of the law, the curate is removable at the will
of the bishop.’

Lindet paused again.

‘These peaches are delicious,’ said the bishop to Foulon.

‘Then,’ said the curé, ‘I appeal to the country against
ecclesiastical tyranny. You spiritual lords, with your cringing
subserviency to the crown, with your utter worldliness, with your
obstructiveness to all religious movement in your dioceses, with
your tenacious adherence to abuses, and with your arbitrary despotic
treatment of your clergy, have taught us to hate the name of
Establishment; to cry to God and the people to destroy a monstrous,
odious sham, and restore to the Church its primitive independence. I
wait the assembly of the States-general, at which the clergy shall
have a voice; and then, my Lord, then I shall speak, and you _shall_
hear me.’

He turned abruptly on his heel, and left the room.

                             CHAPTER XV.

By an order dated January 24th, 1789, the king required that the
desires and reclamations of all his subjects should be transmitted to
him. Every parish was to draw up a statement of its grievances and
its wishes, which was to be handed into the assembly of the secondary
bailiwick, by it to be fused into one which was forwarded to the
grand bailiwick. The secondary bailiwicks of Beaumont-le-Royer,
Breteuil, Conches, Ezy-Nonancourt, Orbec, and Bernay, belonged to the
grand bailiwick of Évreux. The nobility and the clergy drew up their
papers separately.

Another operation, not less important than the composition of these
_cahiers_, was to be simultaneously accomplished. This was the
election of delegates.

According to the edict of the 24th January, the ancient distinction
of electors and deputies into three orders, the clergy, the nobility,
and the third estate, was maintained. These orders had a common
electoral circumscription, the grand bailiwick. The mode of election
in the two first orders was made the same, but it was different in
the third.

The nomination of deputies for the clergy was to be made directly
by the bishops, abbés, canons, and other beneficed clergy in the
grand bailiwick. The curés, who subsisted on the _portion congrue_,
in another word, nearly all the clergy in country parishes, could
only vote in person if their parish were within two leagues of the
town in which was held the assembly, unless they had a curate to
take their place during their absence, and provide for the religious
requirements of the people.

The election was equally direct for the deputies of the nobility. The
nobles possessing fiefs within the jurisdiction of the grand bailiff,
might appear by representatives, but all others were required to
appear in person.

The third estate, on the contrary, in naming its representatives,
had to traverse three stages. Eight days at latest after having
received the notification, the inhabitants composing the tiers état
in the towns and country parishes, above the age of twenty-five,
were invited to unite in their usual place of assembly, before the
justice, or, in his default, before their syndic, for the purpose
of naming a number of delegates, the number being proportioned to
the population--two for two hundred fires and under, three for more
than two hundred, four for three hundred and over, and so on, in
progression. These delegates were required to betake themselves
to the seat of the secondary bailiwick of their arrondissement,
and there elect one quarter of their number. Those who had
passed this ordeal were next bound to transport themselves to the
principal bailiwick, and there, united with the deputies of that
particular arrondissement of the bailiwick, and with the delegates
of the town corporations, to form, under the presidence of the
lieutenant-general, a college to which was remitted the final
election of deputies.

Such organization had this advantage,--it gave to the elections, at
a period when the relations of men with each other were much more
limited than they are at present, guarantees of sincerity which
they could not have had by direct universal suffrage. At each stage
the electors knew those who solicited their votes. A communication
was established through an uninterrupted chain of confidential
trusts, from the most humble member of the primary assemblies to the
delegates sent to Versailles from the grand colleges.

On Monday, the 16th March, 1789, seven hundred and fifty
ecclesiastics, four hundred and thirty nobles, and three hundred
deputies of the third estate, assembled in Évreux for the final
election of delegates.

At eight o’clock in the morning, the great bell of the Cathedral
boomed over the city to announce the opening of the first session.
From the summit of the central spire floated a white standard,
powdered with golden lilies. Ropes had been flung across the streets,
and from them were slung banners and flags bearing patriotic
inscriptions, ‘Vive le Roy!’ and ‘Vive les États Généraux.’ The
lilies of France fluttered from the windows of the barracks, the
hospital, and the Palais de Justice.

The weather was cold. The winter had been of unprecedented severity,
and the snow was not gone. On the north side of the Cathedral it was
heaped between the buttresses in dirty patches. It glittered on the
leaden roof of the aisles. In the streets it was kneaded into black
mud; it lurked white and glaring in corners. Women had been up at
daybreak sweeping the slush from their door-steps, and making the
causeway before their houses look as clean as the season permitted.
The limes in the palace-garden had not disclosed a leaf; the buds
were only beginning to swell.

It was a bright morning, almost the first really sunny springtide day
that year, and it was accepted by all as a glad omen of a bright era
opening on France with the elections of that day.

A stream of people poured into the Cathedral through the west gate
and northern portal. The nave was reserved for the electors; the
people of Évreux filled the transepts and aisles. In the centre,
under Cardinal Balue’s tower, sat the nobility, many of them
dressed with studious splendour; the clergy occupied the choir, and
overflowed into the choir-aisles. The third estate sat west of the
central tower. This body of men presented marked contrasts in the
appearance of the members constituting it. Side by side with the
lawyer and surgeon, in good black cloth suits, black satin breeches,
and black silk stockings, sat the peasant delegate in coarse blue
cloth jacket, brown cap,--that cap which has been mounted on the
flag-staff of the Republic as the badge of liberty,--and shoes of
brown leather without heels, laced in front. Next to him a miller,
with a broad-brimmed hat, pinched to make it triangular, a velvet
waistcoat, and a coat set with large mother-of-pearl buttons, and
here and there also a curé in cassock turned green with age, and
black bands, edged with white; for some of the country villages sent
their priests to bear their complaints before the great assembly.

Never had that noble church looked more impressive than on that March
morning. It is peculiarly narrow and lofty, and darkened by the
immense amount of painted glass which fills the windows,--glass of
the highest style of art, and great depth of colour, and thickness of

The bishop occupied his throne, and the Abbé de Cernay, dean of the
chapter, sang the mass of the Holy Ghost, in crimson vestments.

Never, probably, has that grand church resounded with a finer choral
burst of song than when, at the conclusion of the mass, those seven
hundred and fifty priests, with the choir, and a number of the laity,
joined with the thunder of the organ, in the _Veni Creator_, sung to
the melody composed by good King Robert of France.

The assembly was then constituted in the nave of the Cathedral.
The candles were extinguished, the fumes of incense faded away,
the clergy who had assisted in robes retired to lay aside their
vestments; seats and a table were placed in the nave at the
intersection of the transepts, and M. de Courcy de Montmorin, grand
bailiff of Évreux, took his seat as president. Beside him sat M.
Girardin, lieutenant-general of the bailiwick, and on his left M.
Gozan, procureur of the king. Adrian Buzot, chief secretary, sat pen
in hand at the table. On the right, filling the northern transept,
sat the clergy in a dense black body, with the bishops of Évreux
and Lisieux at their head in purple velvet chairs, studded with
gold-headed nails. The bishops wore their violet cassocks, lace
rochets, and capes, over which hung their episcopal crosses. In the
south transept were placed the nobles; and the third estate filled
the first three bays of the nave below the cross.

As soon as the assembly was seated, and silence had been established,
the grand bailiff rose. He was a venerable man, of noble appearance,
with a fresh complexion, bright clear grey eyes, and a flowing
beard whiter than the late snow without. Raising his _chapel_ from
his blanched head as he began his speech, he replaced it again.
His voice, at first trembling and scarcely audible in that vast
building, gradually acquired tone, and was, towards the close of the
address, heard by every one in that great concourse.

‘I give thanks to Heaven,’ said the old man, lifting his cap and
looking upwards, ‘that my life has been prolonged to this moment,
which opens before us, under the auspices of a beloved monarch, a
perspective of happiness, which we should hardly have ventured to
hope for.

‘What an epoch in our annals, and, indeed, in those of humanity!
A sovereign consults his people on the means of assuring their
felicity, and assembles around him all those gifted with political
knowledge, to strengthen, or rather, to relay the bases of general

‘Already, from one end of France to the other, those social ideas
which establish the rights of man and citizenship on true and solid
foundations have been disseminated. Government, far from attempting
to hinder the spread of these ideas, has allowed them a liberty in
accordance with its own generous purposes.

‘It is for us, gentlemen, to show ourselves worthy of this noble
confidence reposed in us by our sovereign; it is for us to second the
views of a monarch who consecrates for ever his power, by showing
that he desires to endear it to his subjects.

‘Experience has taught kings, as it has their subjects, that this
alone is the means of protecting and securing the royal prerogative
from the seductions of their ministers, who too frequently have
stamped the decrees of their selfish passions, their errors, and
their caprice, with the seal of a cherished and sacred authority.

‘In order that we may arrive at that patriotic aim, dear to our
hearts, we have to endeavour to maintain concord and mutual
consideration between the three orders. Let us then from this moment
suppress our own petty, selfish interests, and subordinate them
to that dominant interest which should engross and elevate every
soul--the public weal.

‘The clergy and the nobility will feel that the grandest of all
privileges is that of seeing the person and property of each under
national security, under the protection of public liberty, the only
protective power which is durable and infallible.

‘The third estate will remember the fraternal joy with which all
orders have hailed the success of the third in obtaining its demands.
Let it not envy its elder brethren those honorific prerogatives,
rendered legitimate by their antiquity, and which, in every monarchy,
accompany those who have rendered service to their country, and whose
families are venerable through their age.

‘Generous citizens of all orders, you whom patriotism animates, you
know all the abuses, and you will demand their reform at the ensuing
council of the nation.

‘I do not agitate the question of the limit of the powers given to
our deputies. Public opinion has decided that; in order that they
may operate efficaciously, they must be, if not wholly unlimited, at
least very extensive.

‘Such are the ideas, gentlemen, which I submit to your consideration.

‘I assure you solemnly of the sincerity with which I offer up my
prayers for the public welfare. This hope--so sweet, yet so late in
coming to me, now far advanced in years, is the consolation of my
age, rejuvenated by the light of a new era which promises to dawn,
inspiring with hope us who stand on the brink of eternity, and which
will be the glory of our posterity. We shall lay the foundations,
another generation will rejoice in the superstructure. I thank God
that this feeble hand is called even to the preparatory work, and,
gentlemen, I conclude with the words of the Psalmist: “_Respice in
servos tuos, et in opera tua, et dirige filios eorum._”’

The venerable bailiff sat down; a thrill of emotion ran through the
assembly. In perfect silence, the roll-call and verification of
powers was begun.

Amongst those names first proclaimed, in the order of the nobility,
was that of Louis-Stanislas Xavier, son of France, Duke of Anjou,
Alençon and Vendôme, Count of Perche, Maine and Senonches, Lord of
the bailiwicks of Orbec and Bernay. This prince, who was afterwards
Louis XVIII, was represented by the Marquis of Chambray.

When the names of the clergy were read, Monseigneur de Narbonne
turned his ear towards Adrian Buzot.

‘Robert Thomas Lindet, curate of S. Cross, at Bernay.’

‘I object,’ said the bishop, raising his hand.

The secretary turned to him, and asked his reason.

‘He is disqualified from appearing. He is under inhibition.’

Lindet sprang to his feet and worked his way to the front. ‘I
maintain,’ said he, ‘that an inhibition does not disqualify me from

The bishop leaned back in his velvet chair, crossed his feet, folded
his hands, and looked at the president.

‘I have been inhibited without just cause, without having been given
a hearing, or allowed to clear myself of imputations maliciously cast
upon me.’

‘M. Lindet,’ said the grand bailiff, ‘we cannot enter upon the
question of the rights of the inhibition; we are solely concerned
with the question, whether that said inhibition incapacitates you
from voting.’

‘Quite so,’ the prelate interjected; then his cold grey eye rested
upon Lindet, who returned the look with one of defiance.

M. de Courcy whispered with the Procureur du Roi.

‘I think,’ said the bishop, in a formal tone, ‘that, whatever may
be the decision on the legality of your appearing, M. Lindet, there
can be but one opinion on its propriety. If you have not the decency
to remain in retirement, when lying under rebuke for scandalous and
immoral conduct, you will probably not be shamed by anything I may

‘My Lord,’ began the curé, ‘I protest--’ but he was interrupted by
the president, who, nodding to M. Gozan, the agent for the king, said:

‘The objection raised by monseigneur appears to me not to invalidate
the claim of M. Lindet to have a voice in the redaction of the
cahiers and the election of the clerical delegates. The order of his
Majesty makes no provision for the case of a clerk under censure,
and silence on this point may fairly be construed in his favour. The
sentence upon him was purely spiritual, his status as stipendiary
curate remains unaltered. If he have a grievance, an opportunity is
graciously afforded him by his Majesty of declaring it. The ends
proposed would be frustrated, if all those who had grievances were
precluded by an exercise of authority on the part of their lords,
feudal or spiritual, from expressing them.’

The bishop coloured, bowed stiffly, and began to converse in a low
tone with M. de la Ferronays, bishop of Lisieux.

The preliminary work of calling over the names of electors and
delegates occupied the session of that day. At four o’clock in the
afternoon it was dissolved, and the vast concourse began to flow out
at the Cathedral doors.

But it was observed by the bishops, that the clergy showed no signs
of moving from their places.

M. de Narbonne rose from his violet velvet chair, and with a smile at
his brother prelate, and then at the dean, suggested that they should
retire through the private entrance in the south transept to the
palace garden.

He was about to cross before the table at which Adrian Buzot was
still engaged with his papers, when Thomas Lindet, standing on his
chair, addressed him.

‘My Lord! you have this morning publicly attacked my character, by
asserting that my conduct has been “scandalous and immoral.” I demand
of you, before these my brother priests, to state the grounds upon
which you base that charge.’

The bishop, taking the arm of his suffragan, did not even turn to
look at the curé, but began to speak rapidly to his brother prelate.

‘My Lord! are you going to answer me, or are you not?’ again asked
Lindet. ‘I appeal to you as a Christian--not as a bishop. You have
damaged my character. State frankly your reasons for doing so. Give
me an opportunity of clearing myself.’ He had spoken calmly so far,
but all at once his natural impetuosity overpowered him, and he
burst forth with the sentence: ‘Stay! you have just genuflected
towards the Host! you have bent the knee in homage to Him who is
Mercy and Justice, whose minister you are. In His name I demand
justice. Mercy I have long ago ceased to expect.’

‘I had rather be keeper of a lunatic asylum,’ said the Bishop of
Lisieux, ‘than be custos of a herd of wild curés.’

The Bishop of Évreux laughed aloud. The laugh echoed through the
aisles, and was heard by the priests, as he laid his hand on the
private door.

The dense black mass of clerics rose, and the bishop darted through
the door with purple cheek and blazing eye, as a hiss, long and
fierce, broke from that body of priests he shepherded.

‘Barbarians! blackguards!’ said the bishop, shaking his fist at the
Cathedral, as he shut the door behind him and quenched that terrible
sound. ‘Wait! I have chastised you hitherto with whips; when these
States-General are over, I shall thrash you into subserviency with

                            CHAPTER XVI.

On the following day, March 17, the three orders betook themselves
to their several places of reunion, to draw up their memorials of
grievances. The clergy assembled in the hall of the Seminary of S.
Taurinus under the presidency of the bishop of the diocese, assisted
by the Bishop of Lisieux, Féron de la Ferronnais. The nobility met in
the Church of S. Nicholas, with the grand bailiff as their chairman,
and the third estate occupied the audience chamber of the Viscount’s
court, and was presided over by M. Girardin.

The deliberations of the third estate presented no incident worthy of
note. Unanimity reigned among the members, and its resolutions were
in accordance with, and had indeed been prepared by, the discussions
conducted in the earlier stages of election. What were the pressing
grievances weighing on the people, have been already shown. The
_cahiers_ from the villages and towns which were read before it threw
a clear light also on ecclesiastical abuses; the principal we shall
extract from these documents for the edification of the reader.

Intolerable abuses had invaded the collation to benefices. The
revenues which had been provided by the piety of the past for the
maintenance of public worship, for the subsistence of the ministers
of religion, and for the support of the poor, had accumulated in the
hands of a few abbés about the Court and high dignitaries of the
Church. M. de Marbeuf, archbishop of Lyons, was Abbot commendatory
of Bec, the nursery of S. Anselm and Lanfranc; the celebrated
Abbé Maury held in commendam the Abbey of Lyons-la-Forêt; Dom
Guillaume-Louis Laforcade, a Benedictine resident at S. Denis,
was Prior of Acquigny; De Raze, minister of the Prince-bishop of
Bâle, was Prior of Saint-Lô, near Bourg-Achard; Loménie de Brienne,
archbishop of Sens, who was minister of finance in 1788, and of whom
M. Thiers well says, that ‘if he did not make the fortune of France,
he certainly made his own,’ possessed 678,000 livres per annum, drawn
from benefices all over France, and his brother, the Archbishop of
Trajanopolis was non-resident Abbot of the wealthy Abbey of Jumiéges.
This state of things drew from the redactors of the _cahiers_ of
the third estate many bitter recriminations. ‘It is revolting,’
said Villiers-en-Vexin, ‘that the goods of the Church should only
go to nourish the passions of titulars.’ ‘According to the canons,’
said the parish of Thilliers, ‘every beneficed clergyman is bound
to give a quarter of his income to the poor. In our parish, with a
revenue of twelve thousand livres flowing into the Church, nothing
returns to the poor but the scanty alms of the ill-paid curate.’ ‘Is
it not surprising,’ said the people of Plessis-Hébert, ‘to see so
many bishops and abbés squander their revenues in Paris, instead of
expending them on religious works, in those places whence they are

Fontenay wrote in stronger terms: ‘The most revolting abuse is the
miserable exspoliation of the commendatory abbeys. The people are
indignant at it. They see the fruit of their toil pass into the
covetous hands of a titular, deaf to the cries of misery, whose ears
are filled with the clatter of political affairs and the rattle of
pleasure. Let the king seize on the property of the Church and pay
with it the debts of the State--this is what the country desires! The
Church has no need of fiefs to govern souls.’

Whilst the high dignitaries rolled in riches, a large class of
priests, and that the most deserving, vegetated in a wretched
condition of poverty. These were the curés of parishes, who were
deprived of the tithe which passed into the hands of some lay or
high clerical impropriator, and who received only a small indemnity,
called the _portion congrue_, scarcely sufficient to keep them from
perishing with hunger.

The _cahiers_ are full of commiseration for these poor disinherited
sons of the Church. Villiers-sur-le-Roule and Tosny assert ‘that
the benefice of their curés, reduced to the _portion congrue_, is
absolutely insufficient for their support, and for enabling them
to render help to the poor. The Abbé of Conches absorbs half the
tithe, and he does not give a sous to the relief of the parish.’ At
Muids, ‘the collegiate church of Ecouis receives all the tithes.
The chapter gives nothing to the poor, and seeks only to augment
the revenue. The curé is reduced to misery.’ The situation is the
same at Saint-Aubin-sur-Gaillon: ‘The extent of this parish makes
the presence of a curate necessary, and as he receives from the Abbé
de la Croix-Saint Leufroy, who holds the great tithes, only three
hundred and fifty livres, and as the sum is quite insufficient, he is
obliged to go round at harvest-time, like a begging friar, through
the hamlets, asking for corn and wine and apples. Surely this is
lowering the priest, and is adding an impost to the already taxed
parish.’ ‘When the curés have hardly a bare subsistence,’ says the
memorial of Fontenay; ‘when they are reduced to live on what is
strictly necessary, what can they offer to the poor? They have only
their tears. Let the curés have the tithe of the parishes in which
they minister.’

Still more hardly treated were the town curés, for the _portion
congrue_ paid them was smaller in proportion than that given to the
country priests, upon the excuse that the difference was made up by
the increased number of fees. But it was forgotten that the charges
and other expenses of a town, the calls on the priest’s purse, were
far greater in a populous city than in a country village.

The house of the clergy was the theatre of stormy scenes, which broke
out between the high dignitaries and the curés living on the _portion
congrue_. These latter had a numerical advantage; they formed a
majority of thirty to one. On the evening of the 16th, instead of
bearing to the episcopal palace the expression of their deference,
they assembled, to the number of three hundred, in a chapel. There,
disdaining all moderation of language, a curé of the diocese of
Évreux boldly said that the inferior clergy had groaned too long
under the oppression of the bishops, and that it was time to shake
off a yoke which had become as odious as it was intolerable. A second
orator, a curé of the diocese of Lisieux, no less energetically
expressed the same opinion. A third priest, having risen to speak,
began to defend the episcopate, whereupon he was silenced by the
clamour of the throng of priests, and his cassock was torn off his
back. When, on the 17th of March, the official deliberation of the
clergy was opened at the Seminary of S. Taurinus, the Bishop of
Évreux proposed to nominate a secretary, and mentioned his choice;
but his nomination was rejected with a firmness which let him
understand that the vast majority of his clergy were antagonistic to
his wishes. Every proposition made by this prelate and his colleague
met with a similar fate, and the memorial addressed to the Crown was
drawn up without their participation, and in a spirit hostile to the
high clergy.

On March 21, the Bishop of Évreux, smarting under the humiliations
to which he was exposed, wrote a letter to M. Necker, Minister
of Finances, filled with complaints. It contained the following
passage:--‘It is impossible for me, say what I will to them, to keep
this assembly of wild, excited curates in control. I am cast, like a
Christian of old, _ad leones_. These priests, calculating on their
numbers, are inflated with pride, and bear down all remonstrance.
And these are the men we are to send to the States-General, without
a shadow of knowledge of our ecclesiastical affairs; without a trace
of interest in the maintenance of our prerogatives; without a glimmer
of sympathy for our rights, jurisdictions, fiefs, and our territorial
possessions. They are prepared to overturn everything; they are
indifferent to the spoliation of the Church; they are even prepared
to hail its disestablishment, if one were fool enough to suggest such
a possibility.

‘The high beneficed clergy are unrepresented; how can they be
otherwise, when the great majority of the deputies are taken
from amongst curés who have, as a general rule, no interest in
defending our properties? You are too just not to be struck with
the inconveniences which this general summons of our clergy to an
assembly must drag down on us, and I venture to hope that in future
I shall not be again subjected to the indignity of presiding over a
tumultuous and disorderly rout, such as that at present assembled.
My zeal for the public welfare, and my devotion to the Crown, have
alone sustained me against the outrages I have endured, to the like
of which I have never previously been subjected in my diocese.’

A few days after, the bishop received an answer from M. Necker,
couched in these laconic terms:--

‘Monseigneur, I grieve to hear of the schism in the assembly under
your presidence. But who is to blame if the children revolt against
their father? I have read somewhere the injunction, which you,
my Lord, may also possibly have seen, “Fathers, provoke not your
children to wrath.”’

On the 23rd, the _cahiers_, or memorials of complaints and
recommendations, were completed, and on the 24th the election of
deputies took place. In the hall of the Seminary the election of
clerical delegates was the scene of the final struggle between the
upper and lower clergy, and it was fought with greatest violence. On
the preceding evening the bishops had concerted with those clergy on
whom they thought they could rely, and had resolved to bring forward
M. Parizot de Durand, incumbent of Breteuil, and M. de la Lande,
curé of Illiers-l’Évêque. The former was a worthy priest, greatly
beloved for his piety, exceedingly obstinate in his adhesion to the
existing state of affairs, and utterly averse to change in any form.
He had a favourite maxim, ‘quieta non movere,’ which he produced
on every possible occasion, and which was, in fact, the law of his
life. It was in vain for those who saw the agitation of mind, and
the effervescence of popular feeling, to assure him that nothing was
quiet; the stolid old Conservative was not to be shaken from his
position, and maintained that this excitement was due to the moving
of things hitherto quiet, and that the only cure for it was to reduce
them to their former condition of stagnation.

M. de la Lande was a man of family. He had been appointed in 1765
incumbent of the church of Nôtre-Dame in Illiers-l’Évêque; he was
a pluralist, enjoying, in addition, the incumbency of S. Martin,
the second parish in the barony. The collation to these two rich
benefices belonged to the Bishop of Évreux, who was lord of Illiers,
the barony having been made over to the see by Philip de Cahors in
the thirteenth century. M. de la Lande was a courtier, and was often
at Versailles. In his parish he was liked as an amiable, easy-going
parson, fond of his bottle, and passionately addicted to the chase.

It was arranged that the bishops and beneficed clergy should
not appear prominently as supporting these candidates, but that
they should be proposed and seconded by members of the assembly
not suspected of being rigid partizans of the _ancien régime_.
Monseigneur de Narbonne had given up the hope of being himself
elected, and deemed it prudent not to allow his name to be proposed.

At nine o’clock the Bishop of Évreux took his seat in the hall of
the Seminary. The large windows admitted floods of light, and the
casements were opened to allow the spring air to enter. The snow
had wholly disappeared during the last few days, and a breath of
vernal air had swept over the land, promising a return of warmth and
beauty. The swallows were busy about the tower of S. Taurin; from the
bishop’s seat the belfry was visible, and the scream of the excited
birds that wheeled and darted to and fro was audible. Now and then
a jackdaw dashed through the fluttering group with a dry stick in
its beak, to add to the accumulation of years which encumbered the
turret stairs. The Cathedral bell summoned the electors, and they
came to their assembly-room in groups of two and three, and took
their seats in silence. The bishop looked sullen and discontented;
he sat rubbing his episcopal ring, breathing on it, and polishing
it on his cuff, and then looking out of the window at the birds.
His large fleshy cheeks hung down, and their usual beefy redness
was changed to an unwholesome mottle of pink and purple. His barber
had not attended on him that morning, or the prelate had been too
busy to allow himself to be shaved, so that his chin and upper lip
presented a rough appearance, which helped to make him look more ill
at ease and out of condition than he had during the earlier part of
the session. He took no notice of the clergy as they entered, and was
regardless of Monsieur de la Ferronnais when he took his place near
him. Every now and then he muttered to himself expressions of disgust
at the situation in which he was placed, and aspirations for a speedy
termination to the session.

‘Good morning, my dear Lord,’ said the Bishop of Lisieux, touching
his arm. The Bishop of Évreux looked round sulkily, placed his hands
on the arms of his chair, and raised himself slightly from the seat.
Monseigneur de la Ferronnais was a bright old man, amiable, fond of
fun, not particularly anxious about the turn matters took. He was
sure that ‘all would come right in the end.’

‘This is your last day in purgatory,’ he said to his colleague.

‘I thank Heaven,’ answered Monseigneur de Narbonne, without looking
at him.

‘You take these troubles too seriously, you lay them too much to
heart,’ continued the Bishop of Lisieux. ‘Let the boys wrangle over
their precious _cahiers_ and _doléances_; we know very well that
they are sops--sops to Cerberus. The Government will never read
them, and it pleases the poor fellows to be called to scribble their
complaints. Possibly the charming queen wants curl-papers for the
ladies of the Court, and has hit on this sweet expedient of obtaining
paper at no personal cost.’

‘I cannot, and will not, stand this much longer,’ said the Bishop
of Évreux. ‘I am like the martyr who was stabbed to death with the
styles of his scholars. It is the indignity which I am subjected to
that galls me to the quick.’

‘Put your pride in your pocket,’ laughed M. de la Ferronnais. ‘We
have long ago learned to pocket our conscience at the bidding of the
Crown; perhaps our self-respect may fill the other pocket, and so
balance be preserved.’

The Bishop of Évreux did not answer. The Cathedral bell had ceased,
and, with an expression of impatience and disgust visible to all in
the room, he rang his hand-bell and opened the sitting.

‘Gentlemen,’ he said, ‘we have before us this day an important
duty to fulfil. Let me ask of you to remember that it is not to be
undertaken lightly and in a spirit of private pique. You have to
elect delegates to the national council. You are hardly aware how
great are the issues in the hands of that assembly. If you send
men to utter there the wild sentiments you have been pleased to
express in your paper to the king, you will revolutionise France and
the Church. That there have been, and still exist, abuses in the
political and ecclesiastical worlds, I am the last to deny. In times
of great excitement, extreme partizans of change may precipitate
the constitution into an abyss from which it would take centuries of
reconstruction to recover it. You will be good enough to remember
that the Church in this land is established, that it enjoys great
privileges and possessions; that to wrest from her those possessions
would be to leave her suddenly in a condition of destitution for
which she is wholly unprovided, and to rob her of her privileges
will be to subject her to an indignity from which it is your place
to shield her, as your spiritual mother and the bride of Christ.
Gentlemen, hitherto you have exhibited yourselves as a compact and
resolute body of malcontents. I do not use the word in an injurious
sense. I say you have exhibited yourselves as malcontents, as
dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs in Church and State.
If you wish to have abuses rectified, it will not be by violent men
who endeavour to tear down every institution which by its antiquity
has become full of rents, but it will be by men of calm judgment and
reconstructive ability, who will carefully and reverently restore
and re-adapt what is decayed and antiquated. I ask of you, then, in
the interest of your order, to elect persons of matured judgment and
practical experience. It can be no secret to you that the fate of
France depends on the attitude assumed by your delegates. The house
of the nobility is naturally attached to conservative principles,
that of the third estate is liberal and revolutionary. It will be
our mission to arbitrate between these contending interests, on
the one side to conciliate the people, and on the other to move the
aristocracy to relinquish their most obnoxious privileges, and to
lend their shoulders to ease the third estate of the yoke which, it
is universally acknowledged, presses upon them unduly. Above all,
let us avoid being divided in our own house. We touch both of the
other estates. On one hand, we are allied with the noblesse; on
the other hand, we are attached to the _tiers état_. Through our
hierarchy we are in communication with the noble class, through our
curates we pulsate with the heart of the unprivileged class. Let not
that double union lead to a dissolution of our body, but rather to a
harmonization of the other bodies. _Omne regnum in seipsum divisum
desolabitur, et domus supra domum cadet._’

This address, so full of good sense, was not without its effect upon
the clergy. Some began to feel that they had been a little too hard
on the privileged party in the assembly, and that an attempt at
conciliation might now well be made.

Jean Lebertre, curé of La Couture, rose and said:

‘Monseigneur, and you my fellow-electors,--At the coming assembly of
the estates of this realm, it is well that all interests should be
represented,--that which desires a redistribution of the funds of
the Church, and that which desires that they should remain in the
hands of a few as prizes to those who are most diligent and most

A Voice: ‘When are the prizes so given?’

‘Well,’ continued Lebertre, ‘suppose that they are given to the
clergy who by birth or political influence have some claim to receive
them, what then? Is not the Church brought into intimate contact
with both rich and noble, and poor and commoner? If her clergy are
to exert influence over those in the highest classes, they must be
enabled to move in those classes, and to leaven them. To do so,
they must receive an income proportionate to the requirements of
such a life. God forbid that the Church should be only the Church
of the poor and ignorant; and that she must become, if you rob her
of prizes. Educated and intellectual men will not enter her orders
unless they are provided with a competency. We country curés do not
want wealth; our lot is cast among the poor, and by being ourselves
poor, we have a fellow-feeling for our flock, and our flock have an
affection for us. The beneficed clergy, pluralists and commendatory
abbots, are wealthy, and are thus enabled to enter into high society,
and to infuse into it religious principles and a love of morality.
Take away their means, and you withdraw all spiritual influence from
the most powerful, because the highest, stratum of society. I propose
as one candidate for the clergy of this assembly, M. Parizot de
Durand, curé of Breteuil, a priest of unblemished character, and a
man of solid common sense.’

M. de Durand was seconded.

But immediately after, the Abbé Lecerf started up and proposed Thomas
Lindet, curé of Bernay.

Instantly an expression of anger,--a sudden dark cloud, obscured the
countenance of the president.

‘I take it as a deliberate insult to myself, that a man should
be proposed to represent the clergy of the diocese who is under
inhibition from me,’ he said, in a passionate loud tone.

Monseigneur de la Ferronnais shrugged his shoulders, and tapping the
Bishop of Évreux on the back of his hand with his middle finger,
said: ‘You have made as great a mistake now as you made a great hit
by your first speech.’

That the Bishop of Lisieux was right became at once apparent. Lindet
sprang up, on fire, in a blaze.

‘There, there!’ he said, stretching out his hands, that quivered with
excitement and the vehemence of his utterance; ‘see what he wants you
to commit yourselves to--to support the absolute and irresponsible
exercise of discipline. Why am I under inhibition? I will tell you
all. A friend of the bishop’s, then, is a man notorious for his
immoralities, a man very great at Court, or be sure he would not be
monseigneur’s friend. Well, this man attempted to seduce a poor girl,
a peasant’s daughter. She fled from her seducer, and I protected
her, and saved her, at the earnest entreaty of the man’s own wife.
He thereupon charges me with what he himself had failed to do, and
the bishop, who is his guest, complaisantly, at his host’s request,
inhibits me without allowing me a fair hearing, and an open trial.’

‘Are we going to be pestered with this nonsense here?’ asked the
bishop, angrily. ‘I pronounce this not to be the place for such
questions to be ventilated.’

‘What place is?’ suddenly asked Lindet, turning upon the prelate; ‘I
have asked for a trial, open and fair; I cannot get one. I have no
wish to be your representative, gentlemen; but what I do wish is,
that the whole body of clergy here should protest unanimously against
these arbitrary judgments, and insist on impartiality in our judges.’

He sat down. A murmur of sympathy ran through the crowd. A curé of
the town of Évreux sprang up.

‘How shall we best declare our indignation at the exercise of
authority which is unjust and arbitrary? Surely by electing the man
who has thus signally been ill-treated. I second the nomination of M.

‘I refuse to put his name to the meeting,’ said the bishop.

‘My brother!’ exclaimed Monseigneur de la Ferronnais, ‘you are
throwing everything into their hands. Be cool.’

‘You are not competent to refuse,’ said the Abbé Lecerf. ‘If you
abdicate your place as president, we shall elect another president.
As long as you occupy the chair, monseigneur, you must propose
whoever is named.’

‘I contend,’ spoke the dean, rising slowly, ‘that this proposal is
indecent. There are certain charges which it is not well should be
given to the world, and discussed in public. If the bishop sees fit
to exercise his prerogative, and to secretly punish a priest without
publishing his reasons, he is perfectly justified in so doing. It is
necessary to screen the Church from scandal.’

‘It is never justice to condemn unheard,’ said Lecerf.

‘We have groaned too long under this arbitrary exercise of power.
The bishop may suspend and inhibit any congruist in his diocese,’
exclaimed another priest. ‘If he chooses, he can at any future
occasion, when his gracious Majesty summons us again,--he can, I say,
hold the election in his own hands by suspending and inhibiting all
those who are stipendiary curates, and thus throw all the power into
the scale of the high clergy.’

‘It is a question of liberty to elect or of servitude,’ shouted
another curé.

‘Gentlemen,’ said an old ecclesiastic of Évreux, ‘I was present
last autumn during a conversation between the bishop’s _officiel_,
M. Ponce, and an abbé, whom I see before me, but will not name,--an
abbé, gentlemen, whom I have noticed to be exceedingly diligent in
whipping up voters on the side of privilege. During the conversation
at which I was present, the name of M. Lindet, curé of Bernay, was
mentioned. The abbé here present stated that he had heard rumours
of the intention of some of the clergy of the deanery of Bernay to
make an attempt to nominate M. Lindet as a distinguished upholder of
liberal opinions, and as a priest of much experience and of great
influence. The officer of monseigneur, sitting yonder in the chair,
replied to this that he had discussed the matter with the bishop,
and that they had agreed to stop the nomination at all ventures. M.
Ponce suggested an inhibition, and he said that the bishop had sent
him to Bernay to find some excuse for serving one on the unfortunate
curé of that parish. I address myself to his Lordship, our president.
Let him deny this if he dares. If he does deny it, I shall at once
mention the name of the abbé whom I heard in conversation with the

A storm was instantly evoked: some clamoured for the name, others
called on the bishop to answer, and others cried ‘Shame, shame!’

‘Let the name of M. Lindet be put to the meeting?’ asked the same old
priest. ‘His Lordship is sullen. Rise, all who vote for M. Lindet.’

Instantly five or six hundred electors sprang up and waved their
hands above their heads.

‘Those in favour of M. Durand, stand up.’

There was a clatter, as the voters for the inhibited priest sat down,
and about fifty stood up.

‘Take the numbers,’ rose in a shout from the others.

Monseigneur de la Ferronnais held his superior by the arm, or the
Bishop of Évreux would have left the room in a fury.

‘For Heaven’s sake!’ exclaimed he, ‘do be calm. Accept this vote, and
you will get your own man in as the second delegate.’

‘I will have nothing more to say to this assembly of ruffians,’ said
the Bishop of Évreux, wrenching his hand away.

‘I beseech you remain here.’

‘Not another moment,’ he said, rising.

There burst from the mass of priests a shout:

‘He has vacated the chair!’

‘Let the Bishop of Lisieux take it!’ cried the Abbé Lecerf.

‘The Bishop of Lisieux in the chair! Long live the new president!’

Monseigneur de la Ferronnais looked at the Bishop of Évreux.

‘What is to be done?’ he asked.

‘Take the chair, in God’s name,’ answered the president, thrusting it
towards him; ‘I will not remain here another moment.’

‘You must indeed remain,’ said the Bishop of Lisieux, ‘unless you are
inclined to pass through all those infuriated priests to the door.
There is no side entrance to be used as an easy mode of exit.’

Monseigneur de Narbonne scowled down the hall; his colleague was
right, and he seated himself in the chair of his suffragan.

The Bishop of Lisieux rose to the occasion. As he took the place of
the late president a smile illumined his face--a smile full of good
humour, which was at once reflected from every face in the saloon.

‘Be quiet, you babies!’ he said, stretching his right hand towards
the ranks of discontented priests; and then he laughed a bright,
ringing laugh, full of freshness.

Instantly it was echoed from every part of the room.

‘I was once in Spain,’ began Monseigneur de la
Ferronnais;--Monseigneur de Narbonne winced;--‘I was once in Spain,
at the city of Pampeluna. I found a crowd of people hurrying to the
great square before the principal church. What did they rush there
for? To see a bull baited. I returned to France. I stayed a day or
two in the cathedral town of Bayonne. I found the city assembled on
the quay of the Adour. Wherefore? To enjoy the sport of bear-baiting.
Gentlemen! I have seen a bull baited, I have seen a bear baited, but
never till this day have I witnessed the baiting of a bishop.’

He spoke with emphasis, and with that ease of gesture which a
Frenchman knows so well how to make good use of. His words raised a
storm of laughter and cheers. The Bishop of Évreux writhed in his
chair. His suffragan turned towards him, extended his arms as though
to embrace him, laid his head on one side, and in a tone full of
commiseration said: ‘He is down! shall we spare him? In the arena
of ancient Rome, the gladiator who fell elevated the index of his
right hand to ask pity of the spectators---- I see--’ Monseigneur de
Narbonne had his hand up to stop his colleague, but at the allusion,
he instantly withdrew it with a frown. ‘Now, my good spectators, who
are also his assailants, do you stand _presso_ or _verso pollice_?
That is right! You are spared, my Lord Bishop of Évreux.’

He seated himself with rapid motion, and crossed his legs; then,
composing his face, he said:

‘I suppose I need not have voting-papers upon M. Lindet. It is hardly
necessary for me to put his name before you again, but we must
proceed formally. M. Lindet has been proposed by the Abbé Lecerf, and
seconded by M. Rigaud. Those in favour of M. Lindet, hold up their

He counted the raised palms, collectedly, rank by rank, requesting
each row when counted to lower their hands.

‘Those opposed to M. Lindet, hold up their hands.’

In a minute, he declared Thomas Lindet elected delegate to the
National Assembly.

‘Now, gentlemen,’ said the president, ‘I wish in no way to influence
your votes in other ways than that of sobriety and consideration.
You must remember that the Church will not be fairly represented at
the States-General, if those in the enjoyment of benefices be wholly
excluded. Choose for your second delegate one as liberal, nay, as
revolutionary in his views as you please, but pray choose one who
may represent the moneyed interests of the Church. I leave it to your
sense of justice and propriety.’

This little speech was received with hearty applause.

M. de la Lande was proposed, seconded, and carried almost unanimously.

The Bishop of Lisieux turned to his angry brother prelate, and

‘Now we have got your own man in. You see what may be done with
good-humour. If you had attempted to browbeat those curés any longer,
they would have elected as their second representative a more furious
democrat than even Lindet himself.’

‘I have had humiliations enough to bear without being made the butt
of your jokes before a rabble,’ answered Monseigneur de Narbonne,

                            CHAPTER XVII.

Gabrielle had found a temporary asylum at the house of Robert Lindet,
the lawyer. Robert lived in a small villa, with his brother Peter,
on the side of the road to Brionne and Rouen. The house stood back
from the dusty highway, with a long strip of garden before it, and a
high wall completely shutting it off from the road. A row of trees
occupied one side of the garden, ending in a green ivy-covered
arbour, in which no one ever sat, as it occupied an angle in the high
walls, and commanded no view, and was by its position excluded from
air and light.

The garden was poor. Two little patches of flowers--larkspur and
escholtzia and white lilies--were nearly the only ones that grew in
it; the two former sowed themselves, and the latter remained where
it had been planted in Robert’s youth. The rest of the garden was
turf. On it stood a hutch of white rabbits with black noses, which
were constantly escaping over the garden and destroying the flowers.
The house front consisted of two parts, the portion occupied by the
lawyer and his brother, and that given over to the cook and kitchen,
which latter portion was an incongruous adjunct to the trim little
house. The kitchen was on the ground-floor, and a ladder staircase in
the open air gave access to the bedroom above.

The house--little altered--is at present the abode of the Chaplain to
the Convent of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament.

The lower rooms of the house being turned into offices, the brothers
were wont, in cold weather, to sit over the fire in the kitchen,
where Gabrielle presided.

Gabrielle was not happy. That last piercing cry of her protectress
and friend, Madame Berthier, had entered her heart, and stuck there
like a barbed arrow. As she lay awake at night, she thought of the
huge prison, dark and cold, down whose passages no sunbeams streamed,
and of the poor lady alone there, in solitude and despair. During
the day she thought of her,--of the cold she must feel in her cell,
of the deprivation of scenes of beauty and life. ‘I ought to do
something for her, but what can I do!’ She asked those who knew
anything about Paris whether there would be a possibility of her
obtaining admission to the Bastille, to wait upon the prisoner, but
they all replied with a shake of the head.

On March 25th, Etienne Percenez was sitting in the kitchen with the
brothers Lindet, whilst Gabrielle washed dishes and forks and spoons
at the sink in the window.

The conversation had run upon the political movements of the day, the
abuses needing correction, the rights of the people which required
acknowledgment. Gabrielle had listened without much interest, and
the names of Necker, Artois, Sartines, De Brienne, &c., had entered
her ear without attracting her attention, when all at once it was
arrested by a remark of the colporteur:

‘The Bastille and the lettres-de-cachet! Have they been protested

‘The time has not come,’ said Robert Lindet; ‘our cahiers mention
grievances of which we are personally cognizant. When the
States-general meet, then every nook and cranny of the old _régime_
will be searched and swept out.’

‘What can be more iniquitous than the lettre-de-cachet?’ asked
Percenez; ‘the king gives blank forms for any one to fill in,
and thus lives and liberties are sacrificed without trial.
Saint-Florentin gave away fifty-thousand. What became of these blank
orders of imprisonment? They were matters of traffic; fathers were
shut up by their sons, husbands by their wives; Government clerks,
their mistresses, and the friends of the mistresses,--any pretty
woman of easy virtue inconvenienced by a strait-laced husband or
father or mother, with a little civility, flattery, money, could get
these terrible orders by which to bury those they desired to get rid

‘And sometimes,’ said Robert, ‘the Bastille was an easy payment of a
State debt. The Baron and Baroness Beausoleil spent their fortune and
their time in opening valuable mines. When all their wealth was gone,
they applied to Richelieu for payment, or at least a recognition of
their services. The recognition was accorded them. They were shut up
for life in the Bastille, apart from one another, and separated for
ever from their children!’

‘Ah!’ exclaimed Peter; ‘this is too bad. You know that the king had
abolished these lettres-de-cachet. Why do you rake up old grievances
which are long dead?’

‘Dead grievances!’ said Stephen Percenez; ‘you forget, Monsieur
Pierre, they are only asleep, not dead. It is true Louis XVI has
forbidden the incarceration of any one at the request of their
families, without a well-grounded reason. But who is to be judge
of the soundness of the reason? And who forced him to decree
that?--Madame Legros.’

‘Madame Legros!’ said Gabrielle, coming forward; ‘tell me, who was

‘Did you never hear of Latude?’ asked Percenez.

‘Never,’ answered Gabrielle. ‘Was he a prisoner?’

‘Yes, for thirty-four years in Bicêtre and the Bastille, thrown into
the worst dungeons, by the spite of a woman--a harlot, Madame de
Pompadour. He wrote his appeals for mercy, and pardon for crimes he
had never committed, on rags, in his own blood; then they buried him
in holes underground without light, where he spent long years in
domesticating rats. Once a memorial addressed to some philanthropist
or other--one memorial out of a hundred, was lost by a drunken
jailer--a woman picked it up. That woman was a poor mercer, who sat
stitching in her shop door. She picked up the fluttering sheet and
read it, and resolved to liberate the miserable sufferer.’

Gabrielle bent forward, with her eyes fixed on the speaker.

‘What did she do?’ she asked, eagerly.

‘What did she not do?’ returned Étienne Percenez; ‘she worried every
great man to whom she could obtain access with her story of the
wrongs of Latude, and his sufferings in prison. She consecrated her
life to his. All kinds of misfortune beset her, but she held firmly
to her cause. Her husband remonstrated with her--he called her
enthusiasm folly, for her business failed, as well it might, when
her time was spent in seeking audiences with great Lords and high
Churchmen, and when her attention was fixed on something other than
caps and gowns. Her father died, then her mother. Slanderous tales
were raised about her: it was asserted that she was the mistress
of the prisoner, for whose liberation she laboured, and sacrificed
all. The police threatened her; but she remained invincible. The
story of Latude’s sufferings and of Madame Legros’ self-devotion
spread through France, whispered from one to another. In the depths
of winter, on foot, far advanced in pregnancy, the brave woman set
out for Versailles, resolved to appeal at head-quarters. She found
a femme de chambre inclined to take her memorial to the queen, but
an abbé passing snatched it from her hand, and tore it up, bidding
her not attempt to meddle. Cardinal de Rohan--he, you know, who
was concerned in the affair of the necklace--was good-natured, and
he endeavoured to move Louis XVI to pardon Latude--pardon him for
what? for having in some way caused annoyance to his grandfather’s
mistress; in what way?--nobody knows. Three times the king refused to
pardon and liberate this man whose life had been wasted in a prison.
At last, in 1784, Madame Legros had so worked on public opinion, that
the king was forced to release him. You see what woman can do!’

Gabrielle raised her eyes and hands to heaven.

‘May God enable me to do the same for Madame Berthier!’ she cried.

‘There now, Étienne,’ said Robert, with a curl of the lip; ‘you have
applied a match to a barrel of gunpowder.’

‘Ah! if it were to blow down the walls of the Bastille!’ said the
pedlar, shaking his brown head.

‘Dear friend,’ said the girl, laying her hand on Percenez’ arm; ‘she
who saved me in my hour of deepest need, she who stood between me and
ruin, is now in that awful place. Her last cry was to me to save
her. Tell me, what can I do?’

‘Nothing, absolutely nothing, except washing up dishes,’ answered
Robert Lindet.

She did not attend to him, but looked straight into Percenez’ eyes.
The girl was so beautiful, so earnest and enthusiastic, that the
colporteur gazed on her with admiration, and did not answer.

‘I must do something,’ she proceeded to say; ‘I hear her voice
calling me, night and day. That cry of “Gabrielle, save me!” haunts
me. I am tortured with inactivity.’

‘My good girl,’ Robert observed, ‘there is not the slightest occasion
for inactivity. There are the floors to be scoured, and the cobwebs
to be brushed away, and the dishes to be washed.’

‘Good, kind master!’ cried the girl, turning to him; ‘you have
received me when I was homeless. But did I not tell you that I could
not remain in your service? I warned you that I had something to do
that must be done----’

‘Fudge!’ said the lawyer. ‘You women are highflown, crazy creatures.
You can do nothing for Madame Berthier; content yourself with the
certainty of that, and stick to your kitchen-work, or, if you like it
better, feed the rabbits.’

Percenez smiled. A smile on his rugged brown countenance was rare,
and it had meaning whenever it appeared.

‘Excuse me, M. Lindet,’ he said; ‘I have faith in enthusiasm. Before
that every barrier goes down. It is absolutely unconquerable.’

‘Enthusiasm is faith run to extravagance,’ answered the lawyer.
‘Enthusiasm is good for a dash, but it is not fit for continuous
work. Enthusiasm would level a mountain, but it would never
reconstruct it.’

‘Hark!’ exclaimed Peter, holding up his finger.

The others were silent and listened. They heard the bells of S. Cross
pealing merrily.

‘What can be the occasion?’ asked Percenez.

Peter took his pipe out of his mouth, and walked slowly into the
garden. Robert and Stephen followed him. From the high stone wall the
clamour of the bells was echoed noisily.

‘It is very odd,’ said Robert; ‘what can be the reason?’

At that moment the garden-door opened, and M. Lamy, one of the
curates (_vicaires_) of Bernay, rushed in, his face beaming with

‘Well! what is the news?’ asked Percenez.

‘The best, the very best of news,’ answered the priest. ‘M. Thomas
Lindet is elected delegate of the clergy to the Estates-general.’

‘An enthusiast,’ said Robert, with a smile aside to Percenez.

‘Ah! M. Robert, and it is just his enthusiasm which has taken him
ahead of all the rest of the class, and turned him into a delegate.’

Whilst Robert and Peter talked with M. Lamy, the little brown
colporteur turned back to the kitchen, and said to Gabrielle: ‘Well,
what about your protectress?’

‘My friend,’ answered Gabrielle, earnestly and vehemently; ‘I shall
go to Paris, if I go on foot, and I shall see what can be done. I
will implore the queen on my knees to use her influence to obtain the
release of Madame Berthier.’

‘You forget; that lady is not shut up as a political offender, but
because she is insane.’

‘I will do what I can,’ answered the girl, simply. ‘She has no one
else to assist her--no one else to speak for her.’

‘You are only a peasant-girl.’

‘Well! what was Madame Legros?’

‘Are you resolved?’

She put her hand on her heart.

‘I must go,’ she said. ‘I have no rest here. I shall have no rest
till I have done my utmost.’

‘Paris is a dangerous place for a young and pretty maiden.’

‘Ah! Monsieur Étienne, the good God, who raised up a protectress for
me in my need before, will deliver me in any future peril.’

‘What have you to live upon in Paris?’

‘I do not know.’

‘You must bear in mind that great distress exists there, that money
is scarce and provisions are dear.’

‘God will provide.’

‘He will provide if He calls you there, not otherwise.’

‘Is it not His call that I hear now?’ asked the girl, her face
brightening with enthusiasm. ‘My friend, my father’s friend, listen
to me. There is a something within me, I cannot tell you what it is,
which draws me from this place after my dear, unfortunate madame.
Only yesterday I was walking in the wood above La Couture. I went to
pray at a crucifix which I well know, for it was there that M. Lindet
first stood my champion against him whom I will not name. I prayed
there--I cannot tell you for how long, and I asked for a sign--a
sign what I was to do.’ She paused timidly, dropped her eyes, and
continued in a whisper: ‘Whilst I was on my knees, all on an instant
I felt something leap upon my shoulder.’

‘Well, child, what was it?’ asked Percenez with a smile.

‘It was Madame Berthier’s yellow cat, it looked so lean and
neglected, and its yellow dye was nearly worn off it. It knew me, for
it rubbed its head against my cheek.’

‘Nonsense, Gabrielle, do you call _that_ a sign?’

‘Yes, Monsieur Étienne, it was a sign to me. It would not have been
so to anyone else, may be, but I know what that cat was to the poor
lady, I know what she suffers now in being separated from it; and, if
it were only to restore her cat to her, I would walk barefoot all the
way to Paris.’

‘I suspect the only success you will meet with will be that.’

‘Well, and that will be something.’

‘You are a resolute girl.’

‘Monsieur Étienne, I _must_ go.’

‘Why so?’

‘If I did not go, I should die.’

The little brown man looked fixedly at her, and then said:

‘Gabrielle, I have known you from a little girl. I am going to Paris.
Like you, I _must_ go. I am fixed with a desire to see the working
out of this great problem, the States-General. Gabrielle! the French
people are like your Madame Berthier, chained and in prison. I do
not know whether my feeble voice will avail to effect their release.
You do not know whether yours will liberate one individual out of
that great suffering family. Well! we go in hope, vague may be, but
earnest, and resolved to do our best. We shall go together.’

‘What do you say, monsieur?’

‘I will go and visit my sister, Madame Deschwanden, and shall take
you with me. We shall see what takes place.’

‘You will help me to get to Paris?’

‘Yes, I will.’

Miaw! The yellow cat, which had been asleep in a corner, was now wide
awake, and at a bound had reached Gabrielle’s shoulder.

How merrily in Gabrielle’s ear sounded the bells of S. Cross!

                           CHAPTER XVIII.

Old Paris is no more. Every day some feature of the ancient capital
disappears. This is a commonplace remark. Everyone says it; but few
realize how true it is. We, who revisit that queen of cities after
an interval of--say, ten years, see mighty changes. Streets are open
where were houses once; markets have altered their sites; squares
occupy the place where we remember piles of decaying houses; churches
appear, where we did not know that they stood, so buried were they in
high, many-storied houses.

We can breathe in Paris now. Down the boulevards the breeze can now
rustle and sweep away the stale odours which once hung all the year
round ancient Paris.

But we have no conception of what that capital was in 1789. Paris had
grown without system. None had drawn out a plan of what it was to be,
where the streets were to run, and where squares were to open. The
thoroughfares had come by chance, without order, without law, almost
without object; the streets twisted and wound their way between
walls black with smoke, and overhanging; the houses, with their
feet in mud and garbage, and their heads in smoke, stood sideways
to the road, as though they turned away to avoid a disagreeable
sight and odour. Their narrow front to the street was topped with a
high-pitched gable, unless some modern architect had squared it off.
Here and there were cemeteries adjoining markets, a refuse heap on
which lay dead animals in putrefaction, nooks, where beggars crouched
in rags, blind alleys in which squalid children played, open sewers,
and public cesspools.

The Seine, spanned by five bridges encumbered with low vessels moored
head and stern, out of which the washer-women cleaned their dirty
linen, resembled a wide stagnant ditch. The fall being slight, the
river but leisurely carried off the filth from the sewers, the soap
from the washing-boats, and the dye that flowed into it from the
factories. Add to this the slops and sewage of the Hôtel Dieu, which
contained six thousand patients suffering from all the loathsome
disorders to which human nature is subject, and one can appreciate
the _bon-mot_ of Foote, when he was asked by a Parisian whether he
had such a river in London, ‘No, we had such an one, but we stopped
it up (alluding to the Fleet Ditch); at present, we have only the

Beneath the Pont Nôtre Dame, a net was every night let down to stop
the bodies of drowned men, and of such as were murdered and thrown
into the river.

At seven in the morning, twice a week, a bell was rung through the
streets for the inhabitants to sweep before their houses; but for
this, there would have been no possibility of walking, there being no

Gabrielle and the little brown Percenez entered Paris on the 28th of
April. The streets, crowded with people, astonished the girl. Her
eyes turned with wonder from side to side. The height of the houses,
the intricacy of the streets, the antiquity of the buildings, the
number of crossings, shops, coffee-houses, stalls, were such as
she had never seen before. Her ears were assailed by the cries of
fruiterers and pedlars of all sorts with their carts, and by the
rattle and rumble of wheels upon the stone pavement. As a coach
drove by, the girl and her conductor stepped up against the wall,
there being no footway; when a couple of carriages met, it was often
difficult to avoid being run over. The hackney coaches, distinguished
then, as they are now, by numbers in yellow painted on their backs,
jolted past in shoals. Uneasy, dirty vehicles they were, with a
board slung behind the coach-box, upon which the driver stood. Trim
little sedan chairs on wheels some thirty inches high, dragged by
a man between shafts like the handles of a wheelbarrow, dived in
and out among the stalls and carriages, and rattled jauntily and
expeditiously along. Sometimes a grand coach, behind which were
suspended footmen in livery, with long white staves, rolled down
solemnly and slowly, scattering the hucksters and sedan chairs, as a
hawk disperses a flight of sparrows.

‘Do you notice, Gabrielle,’ said Percenez, ‘the wheels of the private
carriages are girt with tires made in small pieces, whilst the hired
fiacres have their wheels girt with hoops of iron in one piece? You
would be surprised, little girl, how much envy the jointed tires
excite; for only gentlemen of birth are entitled to use them.’

‘Are we going the right way, Monsieur Étienne?’ asked Gabrielle,
timidly, for she was so bewildered by the novelty of her position,
that she thought the streets of Paris a tangle in which none could
fail to lose the way.

‘Be not afraid, we are bound for the street S. Antoine. I know the
road. I was here only five years ago, and Paris is not a place to
change in a hurry.’

Just then they heard a body of voices shouting a song. Gabrielle
looked round, and exclaimed:--

‘Oh, Monsieur Étienne, here is a great mob advancing. What is to be

‘Do not be afraid,’ answered the little man; ‘listen, what is it they
are chanting?’

The words were audible. As the band approached, every man, woman, and
child joined in the song:--

     ‘Vive le tiers état de France!
      Il aura la prépondérance
      Sur le prince, sur le prélat.
      Ahi! povera nobilita!
      Le plébéien, puits de science,
      En lumières, en expérience,
      Surpasse le prêtre et magistrat,
      Ahi! povera nobilita!’

Percenez took off his hat, and waved it with a cheer.

On they came, a legion, a billow of human beings, bearing before them
an effigy, raised aloft, of a large man with a white waistcoat, a
snuff-coloured coat, a powdered wig, and wearing a decoration, the
_cordon-noir_. The figure rocked upon the shoulders of the men who
carried it, and the bystanders hooted and laughed. Away before the
mob flew the hackney coaches and the wheeled chairs, like the ‘povera
nobilita’ escaping from the rising people. Heads appeared at the
windows; from some casements kerchiefs were fluttered; from most,
faces looked down without expressing special interest or enthusiasm.

The little brown colporteur caught the sleeve of a man who sold

‘What effigy is that?’ he asked.

‘That is Réveillon,’ was the answer.

‘And who is he?’

‘A paper-maker.’

‘Why are the mob incensed against him?’

‘He has made a great fortune, and is now bent on reducing the wages
of his workmen.’

‘Is that all?’

‘And he has received, or is about to receive, a decoration.’

Percenez shrugged his shoulders; the onion-seller did the same.

‘Monsieur Étienne!’ said Gabrielle, timidly; ‘do let us retire before
this crowd. It will swallow us up.’

‘You are right, child; we will get out of the way. I have no interest
in this affair.’

He drew her back into a large doorway with a wicket gate in it. They
stepped through this wicket into the carriage-way to the yard within.
A violent barking saluted them. At the same moment, a gentleman
emerged upon one of the galleries that surrounded the court, and,
leaning on the balcony, called--


‘Eh, monsieur?’ exclaimed the porter, starting from his room.

‘Shut and lock the door, before the mob come up.’

Percenez and Gabrielle recognised the voice and face of Berthier.
Before Gustave could fasten the gate, the girl dragged her companion
back into the street; in another moment they were caught in the
advancing wave, and swept onwards towards the Faubourg S. Antoine.

What followed passed as a dream. Gabrielle saw rough faces on all
sides of her, wild eyes, bushy beards and moustaches. She heard the
roar of hoarse voices chanting; she felt the thrust and crush around
her, and her feet moved rapidly, otherwise she would have fallen and
been trodden down. She clung to Percenez, and the little man held her
hand tightly in his own. It was strange to Gabrielle afterwards to
remember distinctly a host of objects, trivial in themselves, which
impressed themselves on her memory in that march. There was a man
before her with a blue handkerchief tied over his hat and under his
chin. The corner of this kerchief hung down a little on the right,
and Gabrielle would have had it exactly in the middle. The green
coat of a fellow bearing a pole and an extemporized flag attached to
it, had been split up the back and mended with brown thread. In one
place only was the thread black. Gabrielle remembered the exact spot
in the coat where the brown thread ended and the black thread began.
The great man who marched on her left had a bottle of leeches in his
hand, and he was filled with anxiety to preserve the glass from being
broken. How came he among the crowd? Gabrielle wondered, and formed
various conjectures. He was very careful of his leeches, but also
very determined to remain in the midst of the throng. Above the heads
and hats and caps rocked the image of the paper manufacturer, and
Gabrielle saw the arms flap and swing, as it was jerked from side to
side by the bearers. A dead cat whizzed through the air, and struck
the effigy on the head, knocking the three-cornered hat sideways. The
mob shouted and stood still. Then one of the men who preceded them
with a banner laid his pole across the street, and shouted for the
cat. It was tossed over the heads of the people, and he picked it up
and attached it to the neck of the image of Réveillon. Then he reared
his banner again, and the crowd flowed along as before.

Gabrielle took advantage of the halt to peep into a basket she
carried on her arm. As she raised the lid, a paw was protruded, and a
plaintive miaw announced to her that the yellow cat she had brought
with her was tired of its imprisonment, and alarmed at the noise.

All at once the pressure on every side became less, the rioters had
moved out of the narrow street into an open space. The girl looked
up. Before her rose dark massive towers,--she could see five at a
glance; one stood at an angle towards the street, drums of towers
crenelated at top, and capped with pepper-boxes for the sentinels.
The walls were pierced at rare intervals with narrow slits. One
window only, of moderate dimensions, was visible, and that was high
up in the angle-tower, oblong, narrow, cut across with a huge stone
transom, and netted over with iron stanchions. The walls were black
with age and smoke. The sunlight that fell upon them did not relieve
their tint, but marked them with shadows black as night.

Adjoining the street was a high wall, against which were built shops
and taverns. These, however, ceased to encumber the wall near the
gate, which was in the Italian style, low pedimented, and adorned
with the arms of France in a shield. Through slits on either side
moved the great beams of the drawbridge.

As Gabrielle looked, awe-struck, at this formidable building, she
heard the clank of chains and the creak of a windlass, and slowly the
great arms rose and carried up with them a bridge that shut over the
mouth of the gate, as though there were secrets within which might
not be uttered in the presence of that crowd.

The mob fell into line before the gate and moat that protected it,
facing it with threatening looks. All at once, with a roar like
that of an advancing tidal wave, there burst from the mob, with one
consent, the curse--‘Down with the Bastille!’

Then they faced round again, and rushed upon the factory of
Réveillon, situated under the towers of the terrible fortress.

‘Up to the lanthorn!’

The cry was responded to by a general shout. In another moment a rope
was flung over the chain stretched across the street from which
the lanthorn lighting the street was suspended, and the effigy of
Réveillon dangled in the air. This execution was greeted with yells
of applause; men and women joined hands and danced under the figure.
Some threw sticks and stones at it; these falling on the heads of the
spectators, added to the confusion. At last, a young man, catching
the legs of the image, mounted it, and seated himself astride on the
shoulders. He removed the three-cornered hat and wig and placed them
on his own head, amidst laughter and applause. The strain upon the
lanthorn-chain was, however, too great, and one of the links yielding
at the moment when the youth stood upon Réveillon’s shoulders and
began a dance, he, the effigy, and the lanthorn were precipitated
into the street. What became of the man nobody knew, and nobody
cared; the image was danced upon and trodden into the dirt; the
lanthorn was shivered to pieces, and the glass cut the feet of those
who trampled on it.

The factory doors were shut and barred; the windows were the same.
The rioters hurled themselves against the great gates, which were
studded with iron, but they could not burst them open. Some shouted
for fire, others for a beam which might be driven against them, and
so force them open. But the banner-bearer in the green coat stitched
with black and brown thread laid his pole against the side of the
house, swarmed up it, axe in hand, and smote lustily at the shutters
of one of the windows. The splinters flew before his strokes, and
soon one of the valves broke from its hinges, and slid down the wall.
Next minute, the green man was inside, waving his hat to the people,
who cheered in response.

They fell back from the door. Another man crept in at the broken
window, and joined the fellow who had cut his way through the
shutter. The two together unfastened the door, and the mob poured
into Réveillon’s factory. Adjoining was the house of Réveillon.
Its doors were forced open at the same time as the paper-making
establishment. The private entrance to an upper storey of the
workshops from the house was burst by those in the factory, and the
mob crowding in from the street met that breaking in from above. The
besiegers having now taken complete possession, and meeting with no
resistance (for Réveillon had taken refuge in the Bastille, and his
servants had fled,) they spread themselves over the premises from
attic to cellar. The workmen lately employed to make and dye the
paper were foremost in breaking the machinery, and in tapping the
large vats in which the white pulp lay, thus flooding the floors with
what looked like curdled milk. Some descended to the cellars and
drank the wine stored for Réveillon’s table, others drank the dyes,
mistaking them for wine, and rolled in agony in the whey-like fluid
on the ground, spluttering out the crimson and green liquors they had
imbibed. Those who had axes, and those who had armed themselves with
fragments of the machinery, smashed mirrors, tables, pictures, broke
open drawers and destroyed all the movables within reach, and then
flung them through the windows among the crowd below. Among other
objects discovered was a portrait in oils of Réveillon; this was
literally minced up by the rioters, who waxed more furious as they
found material on which to expend their rage. Two men, armed with a
great saw, began to cut through the main rafters of the great room of
the factory. When those who thronged this appartement saw what was
taking place, they were filled with panic, and rushed to the door, or
flung themselves out of the windows, to escape being trampled down by
those behind. Some, entering the rag-store, rent open the bales, and
strewed the tatters about in all directions. One man--it was he with
the leeches--holding his bottle, still unemptied and unbroken, in one
hand, applied a torch to the rag-heaps, and set the store in a blaze;
others fired the warehouse of paper. Flames issued from the cellars
of Réveillon’s house. It was apparent to all the rioters within,
that, unless they made a speedy exit, they would perish in the fire.
Instantly a rush was made to the doors. As they poured through them,
a horizontal flash of light darted into their eyes, followed by a
rattling discharge, and several of the foremost rioters rolled on the

Late in the day, when all the mischief was done, a regiment of
Grenadiers had been ordered to the spot by the commandant of that
quarter of the town, M. de Châtelet.

The mob replied to the volley by hurling paving-stones, broken pieces
of Réveillon’s furniture, iron fragments of the machinery; in short,
anything ready at hand.

The man with the bottle of leeches ran out into the middle of the
street, a torch in his right hand, flourished the firebrand over
his head, and called on his companions to follow him against the
soldiers. Two or three started forwards. The military fired again.
The man leaped high into the air, hurled his firebrand into their
midst, and fell his length, shot through the heart; his bottle broke,
and the leeches wriggled over his prostrate form.

The Grenadiers did not fire again. A rumbling noise was heard, and
along with it the tramp of advancing feet. In another moment the
red uniforms of the Swiss soldiers gleamed out of the shadow of
the street, and a battalion with fixed bayonets charged down the
square in front of the Grenadiers, sweeping the mob before them.
In their rear were a couple of cannon, drawn by horses, which were
rapidly placed in position to clear the streets. But they were not
discharged. The Grenadiers wheeled and charged in the direction
opposite to that taken by the Swiss, and in a few minutes the scene
of the riot was deserted by all save the dead and the dying, and the
inhabitants looking anxiously from their windows.

Why had not the soldiers been sent earlier?

On the preceding day the mob had threatened this attack, but had
been prevented from accomplishing their intention by the train of
carriages that encumbered the road through the Faubourg S. Antoine,
the 27th April being the day of the Charenton races. They had
contented themselves with stopping all the carriages, and shouting
through the windows, ‘Long live the Third Estate!’ The carriage
of the Duke of Orleans had been alone excepted. The people had
surrounded it, and cheered vociferously.

The reason why the destruction of Réveillon’s factory was permitted
by Berthier the Intendant, and Besenval the Commandant of the
Forces in and around Paris, was that the Court had taken alarm at
the threatening attitude of the third estate and the people of the
metropolis, and it hoped to have an excuse for concentrating troops
on Versailles and Paris.

The elections at Paris were not completed, the Estates-General had
not met, but the crowd of nobles, headed by the Count d’Artois and
the Princes of Condé and Conti, had seen that the King, by calling
together the three estates, and by permitting Necker to double the
representation of the Commons, had created a Frankenstein, which,
if allowed to use its power, would strangle privilege. The Count
d’Artois ruled the Queen, and the Queen ruled the weak, good-natured
King. Marie Antoinette had imbibed fears from the Count, and had
communicated them to the King, and he had begun to feel restless and
anxious about the great assembly, which he had convoked. He could not
prevent its meeting, but he could constrain its utterances, and he
only wanted an excuse for massing around it the army, to force the
third estate to vote money, and to keep silence on the subject of

But where are Percenez and Gabrielle? We have lost sight of them in
the crowd. We must return to their side. We left them before the
Bastille, as the mob rolled towards Réveillon’s factory.

‘Now, my child, hold fast to me,’ said the colporteur; ‘my sister
lives near this,--yonder, under the wall. She is married again; I
always forget her new name,--it is not that of a Christian--at least,
it is not a French name. She has married one of the Swiss guard, a
widower, with a tall, hulking son, and she has got a daughter by her
late-husband, Madeleine. Ah! you will like her,--a nice girl, but

The little man worked his way through the crowd till he had brought
Gabrielle before a small house that abutted upon the outer wall of
the fortress. The door was shut and locked, and Percenez knocked
at it in vain; then he beat against the window-glass, but no one
answered, the fact being that his sister, Madame Deschwanden--such
was the name unpronouncable by French lips--and her daughter,
Madeleine Chabry, were upstairs, looking out of the window at the
mob and its doings, and were deaf to the clatter at their own door.
Percenez soon discovered the faces of his sister and niece, and
stepping back to where he could be seen by them, signalled to them,
and shouted their names.

‘Ah!’ screamed Madame Deschwanden, clasping her hands, then throwing
them round her daughter’s neck, and kissing her, ‘there is my brother
Stephen! Is it possible? Stephen, is that really you? What brought
you here? How are all the good people at Bernay? I am charmed!
Madeleine, I shall die of joy.’

‘Will you let us in, good sister?’

‘Who is that with you? You must tell me. But wait! I will open the
door myself. Oh ecstasy! oh raptures! Praised be Heaven! Come,
delicious brother, to my bosom.’

                            CHAPTER XIX.

As soon as Madame Deschwanden had introduced her brother and
Gabrielle to the inside of her house, she fell back, contemplated
Percenez with outspread hands and head on one side, and then
precipitated herself into his arms, exclaiming, ‘Oh ecstasy! oh
raptures! it is he.’

Having extricated herself from her brother’s arms almost as rapidly
as she had fallen into them, she said, ‘Come along to the window, and
see the rest of the fun.’

She caught Percenez in one hand and Gabrielle in the other, and drew
them upstairs into the room in which she had been sitting before she
descended to admit them.

‘Étienne, you know my daughter Madeleine, do you not?’ she asked
abruptly; then turning towards the new comer, and from her to her own
daughter, she introduced them:

‘Madeleine Chabry--Madame Percenez.’

‘Pardon me,’ said the colporteur, laughing; ‘little Gabrielle is not
my wife.’

‘Ah! a sweetheart.’

‘No, nor that either.’

‘Well, never mind explanations,’ said Madame Deschwanden; ‘they
are often awkward, and always unnecessary. Of one thing I can be
certain, mademoiselle is charming, and she is heartily welcome,’ she
curtsied towards the girl, and then vivaciously changed the subject.
‘The sport! we must not miss it. Oh! they have got into the factory,
and into the house. Oh! the exquisite, the enchanting things that
are being destroyed. Perfidious heavens! I know there are angelic
wall-papers in that abandoned Réveillon’s shop--I have seen them with
these eyes--and all going to ruin. Saints in Paradise! such papers
with roses and jessamines and Brazilian humming-birds.’ Then, rushing
to the door of the room, she called loudly, ‘Klaus! Klaus!’

‘What do you want, mother?’ asked a young man, coming to the door.

Percenez and Gabrielle turned to look at him. He was a slender youth
of nineteen, with very light hair and large blue eyes. His face was
somewhat broad, genial, and good-natured. He was without his coat,
his shirt-sleeves were rolled up his muscular arms, and the collar
was open at the throat, exposing his breast and a little black
riband, to which was attached a medal resting on it.

‘What do I want!’ exclaimed Madame Deschwanden, starting from
the window into the middle of the room. ‘How can you ask such a
question, Klaus? Look at these walls. They are my answer.’

‘My dear mother, what do you mean?’

‘Klaus, you are little better than a fool. The people are sacking the
factory, and there you stand. My faith! it is enough to make angels
swear! And papers--wall-papers, to be had for nothing--for the mere
taking. I saw one myself with roses and jessamine and humming-birds,
and there was another--another for a large room. I saw it with these
eyes--a paper to paper heaven! with a blue sky and an Indian forest
of palms, and an elephant with a tower on its back, and a man holding
a large red umbrella, and a tiger in the attitude of death, receiving
a shot, and foaming with rage, and monkeys up a palm. Mon Dieu! you
must get it me at once, or I shall expire. Klaus, I must and will
have those papers.’

‘You absurd little mother,’ said Klaus, stepping into the room and
laughing; ‘do you think I am going to steal Réveillon’s goods for
you, and get myself and you and father and Madeleine into trouble? Be

‘Content!’ exclaimed madame. ‘Who ever heard such a word? _Content!_
with papers--wall-papers, think of that, going a-begging. I know
that those idiots yonder will burn the factory and save nothing.
Klaus, you seraph, my own jewel!’ she cast herself on his bosom;
‘to please the mamma, though she be a stepmother in name but never
one in sentiment, to please her who studies your fondest whims. You
know very well,’ said she, suddenly recovering herself, ‘that I put
myself out of the way only yesterday for you, that I sacrificed
my own wishes to yours only yesterday. Did I not prepare veal _à
l’oseille_ for your dinner, and you know in your inmost heart that I
preferred it _aux petits pois_?’ Then instantly becoming indignant,
she frowned, stiffened in every joint, became angular, and said,

‘My dear, good mother----’

‘Now look you here,’ she interrupted; ‘we will sit together on the
sofa, in the corner, and whisper together. Come along.’ She had him
by the arm, and dragged him over to the seat she had indicated, and
pinned him into the angle with her gown, which she spread out before
her, as she subsided beside him.

‘You know, you rogue, that my wishes are law to you. Do not deny it.
Think of this. I wish, I furiously desire, I burst with impatience
to possess at least one of those papers. Bring enough to cover all
the walls. I see it in your eyes--you are going! it mantles on your
cheek, it quivers on your tongue. Oh ecstasy! oh raptures!’ she
leaped from her sofa, and running to those at the window kissed them
all, one after the other. ‘He has promised. This room will speedily
be a bower of roses and jessamine and Brazilian humming-birds.
Quick, Klaus, mein sohn!’

‘He will not go, mother,’ said Madeleine, speaking for the first
time; ‘he is too conscientious.’

‘Conscientious!’ echoed Madame Deschwanden, covering her eyes; ‘that
I should have lived to hear the word. Madeleine! he is none of us.
He has that nasty German blood in his veins, and it has made him
conscientious. My aunt’s sister’s son married a Hungarian, and their
child was always afflicted with erysipelas. I attributed it to his
Hungarian blood, poor child! But, Klaus! conquer it, and, oh! get me
the angelic paper--that with the humming-birds, never mind that with
the tiger and the elephant; and so compromise the matter. I declare,
I declare!’ she cried, darting to the window; ‘they are casting the
furniture out of the house--tables, chairs, and breaking them! To
think of the expense! Ah! there goes a mirror. Madeleine, oh! if we
could have secured that glass. It would have filled the space above
the sideboard to perfection. If I could have seen myself in that
mirror, and called it my own, I could have died singing.’

Madeleine darted out of the room, and ran downstairs. Next moment her
mother and Percenez saw her in the crowd, pushing her way up to the
house with resolution and success.

‘That is my own daughter!’ cried the enraptured lady: ‘she is in
everything worthy of me; she is, indeed! She gave me much trouble
as a child, I brought her up at my own breast, and see how she is
ready to repay me. She will bring me a thousand pretty things. Oh,
rapture! As for Klaus, I will not call him “mein sohn” any more. I
will not frame my lips to utter his Swiss jargon. Go to your saints,
boy; cut and carve away at them, and remember to your shame that you
have refused the entreaty of your mother. No, thank goodness! I am
not your mother. I should have overlaid you fifty times had you been
mine; I might have guessed what a sort of conscientious creature you
would have grown up.’

‘What is Klaus’s work?’ asked Percenez, to turn the subject.

‘Work!’ repeated Madame Deschwanden, ‘why, he is a wood-carver; he
makes saints for churches, and crucifixes, and Blessed Virgins, and
all that sort of thing, you know; but it don’t pay now, there’s no
demand. Madeleine began that once, but gave it up. You can’t swim
against the tide.’

‘Then what is Madeleine’s work now?’

‘Oh! she is flower-girl at Versailles.’

Gabrielle looked up. ‘I am a flower-girl,’ she said, timidly.

‘Oh, indeed!’ answered Madame Deschwanden, quickly running her
eye over her. ‘You are good-looking, you will do, only fish in a
different pool from Madeleine. But oh, ecstasy! here comes Madeleine.
What has she got?’

Madeleine was indeed visible pushing her way back from the factory.
She had something in her hands, but what, was not distinguishable.
In another minute she was upstairs and had deposited a beautiful
mother-of-pearl box on the table, a box of considerable size, and of
beautiful workmanship.

‘What is in it?’ almost shrieked Madame Deschwanden.

‘My mother, I cannot tell; it is locked, and I have not the key.’

Madeleine was nearly out of breath. She leaned against the table,
put her hand against her side, and panted. She looked so pretty, so
bewitching, that Percenez could hardly be angry with her, though
he knew she had done wrong. Her cheeks were flushed, her dancing
black eyes were bright with triumph, and her attitude was easy and
full of grace. She wore her hair loose, curled and falling over
her neck and shoulders. Her bodice was low, exposing throat and
bosom, both exquisitely moulded; her skirt was short, and allowed
her neat little feet and ankles to be seen in all their perfection.
Gabrielle thought she had never seen so pretty a girl. She herself
was a marked contrast to Madeleine. She was not so slender and trim
in her proportions, nor so agile in her movements; but her face was
full of simplicity, and that was the principal charm. Madeleine’s
features were not so regular as those of Gabrielle, but there was far
more animation in her face. The deep hazel eyes of the peasant-girl
were steady, the dark orbs of the Parisian flower-girl sparkled and
danced, without a moment’s constancy. A woman’s character is written
on her brow. That of Gabrielle was smooth, and spoke of purity; the
forehead of Madeleine expressed boldness and assurance.

‘You are the joy of my life, the loadstar of my existence!’ exclaimed
the mother, embracing her daughter, and then the box, which she
covered with kisses. ‘Oh ecstasy! oh raptures! this is beautiful.
Klaus, lend me one of your tools to force the box open. Perhaps it
contains jewels! Klaus, quick!’

The lad placed his hand on the coffer, and said, gravely: ‘I am sorry
to spoil your pleasure, dear mother; but this mother-of-pearl box
must be returned.’

‘Returned!’ echoed madame with scorn,--‘returned to the mob, who are
breaking everything. I never heard such nonsense.’

‘Not to the mob, but to M. Réveillon.’

‘To M. Réveillon! what rubbish you do talk! I shall keep the box and
cherish it. Mon Dieu! would you tear it from me now that I love it,
that I adore it?’

‘We shall see, when my father comes,’ said Nicholas Deschwanden. ‘I
have no doubt of his decision.’

‘I shall kill myself,’ said Madame Deschwanden, ‘and go to heaven,
where I shall be happy, and you will not be able to rob me of all my
pretty things, and pester me with your conscientious scruples. See
if I do not! or I shall run away with a gentleman who will love me
and gratify all my little innocent whims. See if I do not! And so I
shall leave you and your father to talk your rigmaroles about Alps
and lakes and glaciers, and chant your litanies to Bruder Klaus and
Heiliger Meinrad. See if I don’t!’

The discharge of musketry interrupted the flow of her threats, and
the vehement little woman was next moment again at the window.

‘Oh, how lucky!’ she exclaimed: ‘Madeleine! if you had been ten
minutes later you would have been shot. Count, Étienne; count,
Madeleine; one, two, three, four, oh how many there are down--killed,
poor things! Dear me! I would not have missed the sight for a
thousand livres. Étienne, Madeleine, you Klaus! come, look, they will
fire again. Glorious! Oh, what fun! Ecstasy! raptures!’

After the second discharge madame drew attention to the man who had
been shot through the heart--he with the bottle of leeches.

‘How he leaped! He would have made his fortune on the tight-rope.
Oh! what would I not have given to have danced with him. I am certain
he was a superb dancer. Did any of you ever in your life see a male
cut such a caper? Never; it was magnificent, it was prodigious. More
the pity that he is dead. He will never dance again,’ she said, in
a low and sad voice; but brightened up instantly again with the
remark, ‘Ah well! we must all die sooner or later. Étienne, count the
dead, now that the soldiers have cleared the street and square. My
faith! what a pity it is that dead men are not made serviceable for
the table; and meat is so dear!’ Then suddenly it occurred to the
volatile lady that her brother and his little companion had come to
take up their abode with her--and meat so dear! She attacked Étienne
at once on the point.

‘My dearest brother, whom I love above everyone--yes, whom I
adore,--I will not deny it, whom I idolize,--tell me, where are you

‘I thought you could give Gabrielle and me shelter for awhile,’
answered Percenez. ‘I am sure Madeleine will share her bed with
Gabrielle, my little ward, and I can litter myself a mattress of
straw anywhere.’

‘And you have not dined yet?’ asked Madame Deschwanden.

‘No; we have not had time to think of dinner.’

‘But you are hungry?’


‘And thirsty?’

‘Very thirsty, I can assure you.’

Madame Deschwanden caught both his hands in hers, and shook them

‘My own best-beloved brother! I talk of you all day long, do I not,
Madeleine? You, too, Klaus, can bear me witness. I am rejoiced to
hear that you are hungry and thirsty. And you like thoroughly good

‘Most assuredly, when I can get them.’

‘And you too?’ she looked at Gabrielle, who whispered an affirmative.

‘And you enjoy a really good bottle of wine?’

‘Trust me,’ answered Stephen.

‘Then,’ said Madame Deschwanden, hugging her brother to her heart,
‘the best of everything is yours, at the sign of the Boot, two doors
off, on the right hand, and table-d’hôte is in half an hour. Terms
very moderate.’

‘But, my sister!’ said the little colporteur, drawing out of her
embrace, and regarding her with a sly look, ‘I have come to take up
my residence with you.’

‘And dine at the Boot,’ put in the lady. ‘I can confidently recommend
the table there. It is largely patronized by the most discerning

‘But, my sister, I am quite resolved to take my meals with you.’

‘You cannot, indeed!’ exclaimed madame; ‘my cookery is vile, it is
baser than dirt. I am an abject cook.’

‘Oh, Josephine, neither Gabrielle André nor I are particular.’

‘André!’ exclaimed Madame Deschwanden. ‘Do you tell me the name of
this seraph is André? Is she the daughter of Matthias André of Les

‘To be sure she is.’

Madame now cast herself on the neck of the peasant girl, sobbed
loudly, and wept copiously.

‘To think it is you! the daughter of Matthias, who adored me, when I
was your age. Yes, child; your father when a young man was my most
devoted admirer; but, ah, bah! every one admired me then, but he
above them all. And if I had accepted him as my husband--to think
_you_ might then have been my daughter. Poor Matthias! how is he?’

Percenez checked her with a look and shake of the head.

‘Well, well! we all die, more’s the pity; and your mother--dead too!
Ah well! every sentence ends in a full stop, and so does the long
rigmarole of life. Then in pity’s sake let life be a Jubilate and not
a De Profundis.’

‘About meals?’ said Percenez. His sister’s countenance fell at once,
but she rapidly recovered.

‘Exactly. You will hear all the news at the Boot. Superb place
for gossip. Oh you men, you men! you charge us women with
tittle-tattling, and when you get together--’ she wagged her finger
at him and laughed. ‘Now, be quick, Étienne! my brother, and you, my
angel, Mademoiselle André, and get your dinners over quick, and come
here and tell us the news, and we shall have a charming evening.’

‘My sister,’ said Percenez, ‘you must really listen to my proposal.
I may be in Paris for weeks--perhaps months. I intend to pursue
my business of selling newspapers and pamphlets here in Paris for
a while, that is, during the session of the States-General, and I
cannot think of troubling you with my presence as a guest. Will you
let us lodge with you? I will pay you so much a week for my bed and
board, and Gabrielle shall do the same. She has a mission to perform
in Paris, and though I am not sanguine of her success, nevertheless
she must make an attempt. She can join Madeleine in selling flowers,
and I will guarantee that you are no loser.’

‘My own most cherished brother!’ exclaimed Madame Deschwanden; ‘do
not think me so mercenary as all that. Gladly do I urge you to stay
here, and join us at our frugal table. You are welcome to every scrap
of food in the larder, and to every bed in the house. Far be it from
me to be mercenary. I hate the word--I scorn to be thought it. _I_
care for money! No one has as yet hinted such a thing to me! No; you
are welcome--welcome to a sister’s hospitality. The terms, by the
way, you did not mention,’ she said, in a lower voice; ‘we have taken
in boarders at----’

She was interrupted by the entrance of Corporal Deschwanden, her
husband, a tall, grave soldier, with a face as corrugated and brown
as that of Percenez; his moustaches and the hair of the head were
iron grey, his eyes large and blue, like his son’s, and lighted with
the same expression of frank simplicity.

The corporal saluted Percenez and Gabrielle, as his wife introduced
them with many flourishes of the arms and flowers of eloquence.

‘You are heartily welcome, sir,’ said the soldier in broken French;
‘and you, fraulein, the same.’

Then seating himself at the table he rapped the board with his
knuckles and said, ‘Dinner!’

Madame Deschwanden and her daughter speedily served a cold repast in
the lower room, the mother making many apologies for having nothing
hot to offer, as she had been distracted by the Réveillon riot,
and now her head was racked with pain, and she prayed Heaven would
speedily terminate her sufferings with death.

The old soldier during the meal looked over several times at
Gabrielle in a kindly manner, and treated her with courtesy. The girl
raised her timid eyes to his, and saw them beaming with benevolence.
A frightened smile fluttered to her lips, and he smiled back at her.

‘You have come a long way,’ he said; ‘and you must be tired, poor
child! Ah! if you had our mountains to climb’--he looked at his son
Nicholas--‘they would tire your little feet. Do you remember the
scramble we had up the Rhigi, Klaus? And the lake--the deep blue
lake--Ach es war herrlich! And the clouds brushing across the silver
Roth and Engelberger hörner.’ The old man rose, brushed up his hair
on either side of his ears; his blue eyes flashed, and he sat down

‘Now this is against all rule,’ said Madame Deschwanden; ‘here we are
back at that pottering little Switzerland, and the mountains, and the
lake, before dinner is over; we shall have the glaciers next, and the
chamois, and the cowbells, and the gentians, and of course wind up
with the Bruder Klaus.’

‘Relaxation,’ said the soldier, rapping the table with his knuckles,
after consulting his watch. ‘Meal-time up; relaxation begins.’

‘Then you are going to have the lakes and the cowbells and the Bruder
Klaus!’ said Madame Deschwanden.

‘It is their time,’ answered the corporal.

‘Then Madeleine and I are off.’

‘I will rap for prayers,’ said the corporal.

                             CHAPTER XX.

Madeleine and her mother retired to the window, and beckoned
Gabrielle to join them.

The corporal and the colporteur lit their pipes, and Klaus with his
knife began to cut a head out of a bit of box-wood he extracted from
his pocket.

‘So, Master Percenez, you have come to witness the great struggle?’
said the soldier, fixing his blue eyes on the little man.

‘Yes, corporal, I have. I am interested in it,--but who is not? It
seems to me that we must fight now, or give in for ever.’

‘A fight there will be,’ said the soldier; ‘a fight of tongues and
hard words. Tongues for swords, hard words for bullets. Did you
ever hear how we managed to gain our liberty in my country? I tell
you that was not with speeches, but with blows. I doubt if your
States-General will do much. I do not think much of talking, I like

‘And are you free in Switzerland?’ asked Percenez.

‘Yes,’ answered Deschwanden, ‘we are free. We gained our liberty
by our swords. Our brave land was subject to the despotic rule of
the Duke of Austria, and we were reduced to much the same condition
as you French are now. We paid taxes which were exorbitant, we were
crushed by the privileged classes, and robbed of the just reward of
our toil. Then Arnold of Melchthal, Werner Stauffacher, and Walter
Fürst formed the resolution to resist, and lead the people to revolt,
and so they threw off the yoke and became free.’

‘Father,’ said Nicholas, ‘do you remember the inn of the Confederates
on the lake, with their figures painted on the white wall, five times
the size of life?’

‘Ah so!’ exclaimed the corporal; ‘have I not drunk on the balcony
of that same inn over against Grütli? Have I not seen the three
fountains that bubbled up where the Confederates stood and joined
hands and swore to liberate their country from the oppression of
their Austrian governors, to be faithful to each other, and to be
righteous in executing their judgments on the tyrants?’

The old man brushed up the hair on either side of his head, rose to
his feet, filled his tumbler with wine, and waving it above his head,
exclaimed joyously:

‘Here is to the memory of Arnold of Melchthal, Werner Stauffacher,
and Walter Fürst!’

Percenez and young Nicholas drank, standing.

‘Did you ever hear,’ continued the soldier, reseating himself, ‘how
William Tell refused to bow to the ducal cap set up on a pole, the
badge of servitude, and how the governor--his name was Gessler--bade
the valiant archer shoot an apple off his son’s head?’

‘I have heard the story,’ said the colporteur.

‘And I have seen the place,’ cried Nicholas; ‘have I not, father?’

‘We have both seen the very spot where the glorious William stood,
and where grew the tree against which the lad was placed. The square
is no more. Houses have invaded it, so that now Tell could not send
an arrow from his standing-point to the site of the tree. Ah! he
was a great liberator of his country, was Tell. Fill your glasses,
friends! To William Tell!’ He rubbed up his hair, rose to his feet,
and drained his glass again.

‘Have you ever heard how nearly Swiss freedom was lost, by
treachery and gold? You must know that the Confederate States had
vanquished Charles of Burgundy in three great battles, and had
pillaged his camp, which was so full of booty that gold circulated
among the people like copper. The cantons of Uri, of Schwytz, and
Unterwalden--that latter is mine--desired peace, and those of
Lucerne, and Berne, and Zurich desired to extend the Confederacy;
so great quarrels arose, and soon that union which was the source
of their strength promised to be dissolved, and civil war to break
out, and ruin Swiss independence. The Confederates were assembled for
consultation, for the last time, at Stanz. The animosity of party,
however, was so great, that after three sessions of angry debates,
the members rose with agitated countenances, and separated without
taking leave of one another, to meet again, perhaps, only in the
conflict of civil war. That which neither the power of Austria, nor
the audacious might of Charles of Burgundy, had ever been able to
accomplish, my people were themselves in danger of bringing about by
these internal dissensions; and the liberty and happiness of their
country stood in the most imminent peril.’

‘My faith!’ cried Madame Deschwanden, shrugging her shoulders, and
throwing into her face, as she sat in the window, an expression of
disgust and contempt, ‘they are getting upon the Bruder Klaus.’

‘Yes, wife,’ said the soldier, turning to her, and brushing up his
hair, ‘glorious Bruder Klaus! Here’s to his---- but no, you shall
hear the story first. So! up the face of a precipice in the Melchthal
lived a hermit, Nicholas von der Flue. And here I may add that our
captain is called by the same name. Well, then, this hermit, whom
we call Brother Nicholas, or, for short, Brother Klaus, left his
cell at the moment of danger, and sending a messenger before him to
bid the deputies await his arrival, he walked all the way to Stanz
without resting, and entered the town-hall, where the assembly
sat. He wore his simple dark-coloured dress, which descended to his
feet; he carried his chaplet in one hand, and grasped his staff in
the other; he was, as usual, barefoot and bare-headed; and his long
hair, a little touched by the snows of age, fell upon his shoulders.
When the delegates saw him enter, they rose out of respect, and God
gave him such grace that his words restored unanimity, and in an hour
all difficulties were smoothed away; the land was preserved from
civil war, and from falling again,--as in that case it must have
fallen,--under the power of Burgundy or Austria.’

‘I have seen the very coat Bruder Klaus wore,’ said Nicholas, his
large blue eyes full of pride and joy.

‘Yes,’ said the soldier, triumphantly; ‘we have both seen his habit;
we have seen his body, too, at Sachseln. Fill your glasses!’ he
rubbed up his hair, first over his ears and then above his forehead
and at the back of the head, and starting to his feet, pledged Bruder
Klaus of pious memory. Percenez and Nicholas joined enthusiastically.

‘See!’ said the latter, taking his black ribbon from his neck, and
extending the medal to Percenez; ‘on that coin is a representation of
the blessed hermit; that piece has been laid on his shrine, and has
been blessed by the priest of Sachseln.’

‘Fetch him the statue of the glorious brother!’ cried the corporal
to his son; ‘let him see what blessed Nicholas really was like.’

The lad instantly dived out of the room, down a passage, and
presently reappeared with a wooden figure of the hermit, carved by
himself. The face was exquisitely wrought, and the hands delicately
finished. The whole was painted, but not coarsely.

‘He was very pale in the face, almost deadly white, and dark about
the eyes,’ said the soldier. ‘We have his portrait, taken during his
life, in the town-hall of Sarnen----’ all at once the corporal’s
eyes rested on his watch.

‘Herr Je!’ he exclaimed; ‘we have exceeded our time by three
minutes.’ He rapped with his knuckles on the table, and shouted the


Instantly his son Nicholas produced a flute, and warbled on it a
well-known Swiss air. The corporal folded his hands on his breast,
threw back his head, fixed his eyes on the scrap of blue sky visible
above the roofs of the houses opposite, and began to sing, ‘Herz,
mein Herz warum so traurig’--of which we venture to give an English

     ‘Heart, my heart! why art thou weary,
        Why to grief and tears a prey?
      Foreign lands are bright and cheery;
        Heart, my heart, what ails thee, say?

     ‘That which ails me past appeasing!
        I am lost, a stranger here;
      What though foreign lands be pleasing,
        Home, sweet home, alone is dear.

     ‘Were I now to home returning,
        Oh, how swiftly would I fly!
      Home to father, home to mother,
        Home to native rocks and sky!

     ‘Through the fragrant pine-boughs bending
        I should see the glacier shine,
      See the nimble goats ascending
        Gentian-dappled slopes in line;

     ‘See the cattle, hear the tinkle
        Of the merry clashing bells,
      See white sheep the pastures sprinkle
        In the verdant dewy dells.

     ‘I should climb the rugged gorges
        To the azure Alpine lake,
      Where the snowy peak discharges
        Torrents, that the silence break.

     ‘I should see the old brown houses,
        At the doors, in every place,
      Neighbours sitting, children playing,
        Greetings in each honest face.

     ‘Oh my youth! to thee returning,
        Oft I ask, why did I roam?
      Oh my heart! my heart is burning
        At the memory of Home.

     ‘Heart, my heart! in weary sadness
        Breaking, far from fatherland,
      Restless, yearning, void of gladness,
        Till once more at home I stand.’

As the old man sang, the tears filled his large eyes, and slowly
trickled down his weather-beaten cheeks. He sat for some while in
silence and motionless, absorbed in memory. Now and then a smile
played over his rugged features.

‘I remember walking from Beckenreid to Seelisberg one spring
evening,’ he said, speaking to himself; ‘the rocks were covered with
wild pinks. We never see wild pinks here. And the thyme was fragrant,
multitudes of bees swarmed humming about it. I remember, because,
when tired, I sat on the thyme, and listened to their buzz. Down
below lay the deep blue green lake reflecting the mountains, still
as glass. The bell of Gersau was chiming. The red roofs were so
pretty under the brown rocks of the Scheideck and Hochflue. A little
farther on, upon a mass of fallen rock in the water, in the midst of
a feathery tuft of birch, stood the chapel of Kindlismord.’ He paused
and smiled, and then a great tear dropped from his cheek to his
breast. ‘I saw a foaming torrent rush through the forest and dart
over a ledge and disappear. The golden clouds overhead were reflected
in the lake. I picked a bunch of blue salvias and a tiger-lily.’ He
drew a heavy sigh, brushed his hair down with his hands, shook his
head, looked at his watch, and rapped the table with the order:


Immediately all rose, and the old soldier led the way down the
passage into Klaus’s workshop.

Klaus, as has already been said, carved statues for churches. His
room was full of figures, some finished and coloured, others half
done; some only sketched out of the block. On a shelf stood a row of
little saints; but the majority were from three to five feet high.
In the corner was a huge S. Christopher, carrying the infant Saviour
on his shoulder, and leaning on a rugged staff. His work-table was
strewn with tools and shavings and chips of wood, and the floor was
encumbered with blocks of oak and box, wood shavings and sawdust. In
a niche in the side of the room, on a pedestal, stood a life-sized
figure of the Swiss hermit, the patron saint of the Deschwandens,
with a pendent lamp before it. A crucifix of ebony and boxwood stood
before the little window which lighted the room, and was situated
immediately above his work-table. The corporal knelt down, followed
by his family and the guests, and recited the usual evening prayers
in a firm voice, ending with the Litany of the Saints.

After the last response, the corporal made a pause, and rapped with
his knuckles against the bench in front of him, whereupon Madame
Deschwanden rose with a sniff and a great rustle of her garments, and
sailed out of the room, leaning on Madeleine.

‘You had better come, too,’ she said to Percenez and Gabrielle; ‘that
father and son there have not done yet. They have their blessed Swiss
saints to invoke in their barbarous jargon. But, as I do not approve
either of their tongue or of their Klauses and Meinrads, Madeleine
and I always leave them to themselves.’

The colporteur and his little ward rose, but not without hesitation,
for the corporal and his son remained kneeling as stiff as any of the
wooden figures surrounding them, with hands joined and eyes directed
immediately in front of them.

‘Oh my faith!’ exclaimed Madame Deschwanden, as she reached the
sitting-room; ‘to think that I have been reduced to this,--to become
the spouse of a clockwork-man made of wood. Heavens! Étienne, the
corporal does everything to the minute; dresses, washes, eats, prays,
dreams of his precious Schweizerland, all by the watch, and I--poor
I--I am in despair. This does not suit me at all.’

Percenez attempted to console his sister, and she rattled on with
her story of grievance, whilst Gabrielle, musing and not speaking,
heard the solemn voice of the old soldier sounding from the workshop:

‘Heiliger Meinrad!’

And Nicholas’s response: ‘Bitte für uns[2].’

‘Heiliger Gallus!’

‘Bitte für uns.’

‘Heiliger Beatus!’

‘Bitte für uns.’

‘Heiliger Moritz und deine Gefährte!’

‘Bittet für uns.’

‘Heiliger Bonifacius!’

‘Bitte für uns.’

‘Heilige Verena!’

‘Bitte für uns.’

‘Heiliger Bruder Klaus!’

‘Bitte für uns.’

Shortly after, the corporal and his son returned to the room.
Gabrielle was sitting by herself in the dusk near the door--in fact,
in that corner of the sofa into which Madame Deschwanden had driven
Nicholas, when she wanted the paper with roses and jessamine and
Brazilian humming-birds.

The young man walked towards her somewhat awkwardly, and leaning on
the arm of the sofa with his back to the window, said:

‘You must be puzzled at our relationship in this house.’

‘I do not quite understand the relationship, I own,’ answered
Gabrielle, shyly.

‘I am not the son of madame,’ said he, nodding his head in the
direction of Percenez’s sister, ‘nor is Madeleine my own sister. My
father married again, after my mother’s death, and Madame Chabry was
a widow with an only daughter. Do you understand now?’

‘Yes, thank you.’

‘I should like to hear your opinion about the box,’ he continued. ‘Do
you think we have any right to keep it? Mamma is set upon it, so is
Madeleine, but the question is, have they any right to it?’

Gabrielle looked at her shawl, and plucked at the fringe.

‘You do not like to answer,’ said Klaus.

‘I think the box ought to be returned,’ she said, timidly, and in a
low, faltering voice.

A smile beamed on the lad’s broad face. He nodded at her in a
friendly, approving manner, and said, ‘So my father says. I consulted
him in the other room. And now the difficulty is to get the box away.
Observe my father.’

Gabrielle looked towards the corporal; he was standing near the
window, with his back to the table on which the mother-of-pearl
coffer lay, and was engaged in animated conversation with Percenez,
Madame, and Madeleine. Gabrielle observed that the old soldier made
a point of addressing his wife and daughter-in-law in turn, and then
directing an observation to Percenez. From sentences she caught,
the girl ascertained that the corporal was attacking the French
character, and was especially caustic on the subject of French women.
His wife was at once in a blaze, and Madeleine caught fire. Percenez
took up cudgels on behalf of his countrywomen, but the soldier was
not to be beaten by the three combined. As soon as the conversation
or argument gave symptoms of flagging, he produced from his armoury
some peculiarly pungent remark, which he cast as a bomb-shell among
them, and which at once aroused a clatter of tongues.

‘There’s a story told in my country of a man who married a
Frenchwoman,’ said the soldier, fixing his wife with his eye.

‘I will not listen to your stories,’ said Madame Deschwanden; ‘they
are bad, wicked tales. Stop your ears, Percenez, as I stop mine.
Madeleine, don’t listen to him. A Frenchman uses his tongue like a
feather, but a German or Swiss knocks you down with it like a club.’

‘There is a story in my country,’ pursued the corporal, turning
composedly towards the colporteur, ‘of a Swiss farmer who married a
French mademoiselle.’

‘Ah! I pity her, poor thing, I do,’ said Madame Deschwanden,
suddenly removing her hand from her ear and fluttering it in her
husband’s face; ‘she doubtless thought him flesh and blood, and only
too late found him out to be a Jacquemart--a wooden doll worked by

‘So!’ continued the soldier, calmly, ‘the man died----’

‘Of dry rot,’ interpolated madame; ‘there was a maggot in his head.’

‘He died,’ the soldier pursued; ‘and then, having left the earth, he
presented himself at the gates of Paradise.’

‘Ah!’ exclaimed madame; ‘and he found that it was peopled with Bruder
Klauses--like the wooden saints your boy carves.’

‘Now you know, Percenez, my good friend, that there is a preliminary
stage souls have to pass through before they can enter the realm of
the blessed; that stage is called purgatory. So! S. Peter opened
the door to the Swiss Bauer and said, “You cannot come in. You have
not been in purgatory!” “No,” answered the farmer, “but I have
spent ten years married to a French wife.” “Then step in,” said the
door-keeper, “you have endured purgatory in life.”’

‘I will not listen to you,’ screamed Madame Deschwanden, resolutely
facing the window and presenting her back to her husband.

Madeleine followed suit, and was immediately engrossed in what was
taking place in the street.

‘You Frenchwomen!’ called the corporal, tauntingly, as he stepped
backwards with his hands behind him. The mother and daughter turned
abruptly, and facing him exclaimed together, ‘We glory in the title;’
then reverted to their contemplation of the street.

‘Now,’ said Nicholas, in a low voice, ‘observe my father attentively;
he is a skilful general.’

Corporal Deschwanden retreated leisurely backwards, as though
retiring from the presence of royalty, till he reached the table,
when his hands felt for the casket, and took it up; then, still
fronting the window and the women at it, he sidled towards the door,
keeping the mother-of-pearl box carefully out of sight.

Having reached the door, he asked Percenez if he would accompany him
for a stroll. The colporteur gladly consented, and followed him out
of the room.

The mother and daughter still maintained their position at the open
window, till suddenly the former threw up her hands with a cry of
dismay, sprang abruptly into the middle of the room, and shrieked
out, ‘I am betrayed! the thief! the rogue! the malicious one! He
has carried off the mother-of-pearl box. I saw it under his arm.
He showed it to Étienne, and laughed as he crossed the street.
Madeleine! what shall we do? We will take poison, and die in one
another’s arms!’ Then, after a volley of shrieks, she fell on her
daughter’s neck and deluged her with tears.

‘I think that was a skilfully-executed manœuvre of my father’s,’ said
Nicholas, aside.

Gabrielle smiled; but then, observing how distressed was her hostess,
she said, in a low voice, ‘I am afraid your mother is heart-broken
over her loss.’

‘Yes, for half an hour, and then she will have forgotten all about
it. You will see, when my father returns, it will be with a locket,
or a brooch, or a ribbon, and then she will be all “ecstasy and
raptures,” and will kiss him on both cheeks, and pronounce him the
best of husbands.’

Gabrielle looked up into his face with an expression of delight in
her eyes and on her lips.

The young man’s eyes rested on her countenance with pleasure. After a
moment’s hesitation, he said:

‘Mademoiselle Gabrielle, may I ask you one little favour? I know I
have not deserved it by anything I have done, but you will confer a
debt of gratitude on my father and on me if you will accede to my

‘What is it?’ asked the girl, opening her eyes very wide, and
wondering very greatly what he meant.

‘Will you promise me not to take part with my mother and Madeleine
against the Swiss? My father laughs, and I laugh, but what they say
cuts us,--sometimes deeply. We are proud of our country;’ he brushed
his hair from his brow and straightened himself, his attitude and
action a reproduction of his father. ‘We have reason to be proud of
it, and we do not like to be joked about it, and to hear slurs cast
on it. Oh! Mademoiselle Gabrielle, I do not know why I ask this of
you, but I should feel it dreadfully if you joined them against us,
and so, too, would my father.’

‘I promise with all my heart.’

‘That is delightful!’ exclaimed Nicholas, clapping his hands, whilst
a joyous flush overspread his open countenance; ‘and then, there
is something more.’ His face grew solemn at once. ‘Do not speak
against, or make a joke about, Bruder Klaus. You do not know what a
man that was, what a saint he is, what he did for his country, what
a miraculous life he led, what wonders are wrought yet at his tomb.
You should have seen his portrait--the grave white face, and the
eyes reddened with weeping, and the sunken cheeks! Oh, Mademoiselle
Gabrielle, you may be sure that, among the greatest of saints, our
Bruder Klaus----’

‘What!’ exclaimed Madame Deschwanden, looking up from her daughter’s
shoulder, as she caught the word; ‘if that boy is not dinning Bruder
Klaus into Mademoiselle André’s ear already. Was ever a woman so
overwhelmed, so haunted as I am with these ragged old Swiss hermits?
I have the nightmare, and dream that Bruder Klaus is dancing on my
breast. I look out of the window in the dark, and see Bruder Klaus
jabbering in the gloom, and pointing at me with his stick. I wish
to goodness the precious Bruder had committed a mortal sin, and his
sanctity had gone to the dogs, I do!’

Nicholas drew nearer to Gabrielle, as though shrinking from his
stepmother’s expressions as impious, and willing to screen the girl
from their pernicious influence. He stooped towards her, with his
great blue eyes fastened on her with intensity of earnestness, as he

‘You will promise me that? Oh! please do, dear mademoiselle!’

‘Certainly I will,’ answered Gabrielle, frankly looking at him.

He caught her hand and kissed it, and then precipitately left the

                           END OF VOL. I.


[1] The window is described from one existing in the north aisle of
the church of S. Foy, at Conches, the stained glass in which church
is perhaps the finest in Normandy.

[2] Holy Meinrad, &c. Pray for us.

                         Transcriber’s Notes

  The Table of Contents at the beginning of the book was created by
  the transcriber.

  Inconsistencies in hyphenation such as “boxwood”/“box-wood” have
  been maintained.

  Minor punctuation and spelling errors have been silently corrected
  and, except for those changes noted below, all misspellings in the
  text, especially in dialogue, and inconsistent or archaic usage,
  have been retained.

  Page 56: “epecially noticeable when a band of girls” changed to
  “especially noticeable when a band of girls”.

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