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Title: Queer little people
Author: Stowe, Harriet Beecher
Language: English
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*** Start of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "Queer little people" ***


    _MY WIFE AND I._ 12mo. Illustrated                            $1.50
    _WE AND OUR NEIGHBORS._ 12mo. Illustrated                      1.50
    _POGANUC PEOPLE, THEIR LOVES AND LIVES._ Illustrated           1.50
      Illustrated. Paper                                            .35


    _A DOG’S MISSION; and Other Stories._ Small 4to. Illustrated  $1.25
      4to. Illustrated                                             1.25
    _QUEER LITTLE PEOPLE. Stories of Pets and Animals._ Small
      4to. Illustrated                                             1.25

⁂ _To be had of all Booksellers, or mailed, post-paid, by the Publishers,
on receipt of price._

                           QUEER LITTLE PEOPLE.

                          HARRIET BEECHER STOWE.


                                NEW YORK:
                       FORDS, HOWARD, AND HULBERT.

        Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1867, by
                           TICKNOR AND FIELDS,
     in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the District of



    THE HEN THAT HATCHED DUCKS                1


    THE HISTORY OF TIP-TOP                   26


    MOTHER MAGPIE’S MISCHIEF                 48


    HUM, THE SON OF BUZ                      67

    OUR COUNTRY NEIGHBORS                    80

    OUR DOGS                                 91

    DOGS AND CATS                           141

    AUNT ESTHER’S RULES                     152

    AUNT ESTHER’S STORIES                   158


    COUNTRY NEIGHBORS AGAIN                 176




Once there was a nice young hen that we will call Mrs. Feathertop. She
was a hen of most excellent family, being a direct descendant of the
Bolton Grays, and as pretty a young fowl as you should wish to see of a
summer’s day. She was, moreover, as fortunately situated in life as it
was possible for a hen to be. She was bought by young Master Fred Little
John, with four or five family connections of hers, and a lively young
cock, who was held to be as brisk a scratcher and as capable a head of a
family as any half-dozen sensible hens could desire.

I can’t say that at first Mrs. Feathertop was a very sensible hen.
She was very pretty and lively, to be sure, and a great favorite with
Master Bolton Gray Cock, on account of her bright eyes, her finely
shaded feathers, and certain saucy dashing ways that she had, which
seemed greatly to take his fancy. But old Mrs. Scratchard, living in
the neighboring yard, assured all the neighborhood that Gray Cock was
a fool for thinking so much of that flighty young thing,—that she had
not the smallest notion how to get on in life, and thought of nothing
in the world but her own pretty feathers. “Wait till she comes to have
chickens,” said Mrs. Scratchard. “Then you will see. I have brought
up ten broods myself,—as likely and respectable chickens as ever were
a blessing to society,—and I think I ought to know a good hatcher and
brooder when I see her; and I know _that_ fine piece of trumpery, with
her white feathers tipped with gray, never will come down to family life.
_She_ scratch for chickens! Bless me, she never did anything in all her
days but run round and eat the worms which somebody else scratched up for

When Master Bolton Gray heard this he crowed very loudly, like a cock of
spirit, and declared that old Mrs. Scratchard was envious, because she
had lost all her own tail-feathers, and looked more like a worn-out old
feather-duster than a respectable hen, and that therefore she was filled
with sheer envy of anybody that was young and pretty. So young Mrs.
Feathertop cackled gay defiance at her busy rubbishy neighbor, as she
sunned herself under the bushes on fine June afternoons.

Now Master Fred Little John had been allowed to have these hens by his
mamma on the condition that he would build their house himself, and take
all the care of it; and, to do Master Fred justice, he executed the job
in a small way quite creditably. He chose a sunny sloping bank covered
with a thick growth of bushes, and erected there a nice little hen-house,
with two glass windows, a little door, and a good pole for his family to
roost on. He made, moreover, a row of nice little boxes with hay in them
for nests, and he bought three or four little smooth white china eggs to
put in them, so that, when his hens _did_ lay, he might carry off their
eggs without their being missed. This hen-house stood in a little grove
that sloped down to a wide river, just where there was a little cove
which reached almost to the hen-house.

This situation inspired one of Master Fred’s boy advisers with a new
scheme in relation to his poultry enterprise. “Hullo! I say, Fred,” said
Tom Seymour, “you ought to raise ducks—you’ve got a capital place for
ducks there.”

“Yes,—but I’ve bought _hens_, you see,” said Freddy; “so it’s no use

“No use! Of course there is! Just as if your hens couldn’t hatch ducks’
eggs. Now you just wait till one of your hens wants to set, and you put
ducks’ eggs under her, and you’ll have a family of ducks in a twinkling.
You can buy ducks’ eggs, a plenty, of old Sam under the hill; he always
has hens hatch his ducks.”

So Freddy thought it would be a good experiment, and informed his mother
the next morning that he intended to furnish the ducks for the next
Christmas dinner; and when she wondered how he was to come by them, he
said, mysteriously, “O, I will show you how!” but did not further explain
himself. The next day he went with Tom Seymour, and made a trade with old
Sam, and gave him a middle-aged jack-knife for eight of his ducks’ eggs.
Sam, by the by, was a woolly-headed old negro man, who lived by the pond
hard by, and who had long cast envying eyes on Fred’s jack-knife, because
it was of extra-fine steel, having been a Christmas present the year
before. But Fred knew very well there were any number more of jack-knives
where that came from, and that, in order to get a new one, he must
dispose of the old; so he made the trade and came home rejoicing.

Now about this time Mrs. Feathertop, having laid her eggs daily with
great credit to herself, notwithstanding Mrs. Scratchard’s predictions,
began to find herself suddenly attacked with nervous symptoms. She
lost her gay spirits, grew dumpish and morose, stuck up her feathers
in a bristling way, and pecked at her neighbors if they did so much as
look at her. Master Gray Cock was greatly concerned, and went to old
Doctor Peppercorn, who looked solemn, and recommended an infusion of
angle-worms, and said he would look in on the patient twice a day till
she was better.

“Gracious me, Gray Cock!” said old Goody Kertarkut, who had been lolling
at the corner as he passed, “a’n’t you a fool?—cocks always are fools.
Don’t you know what’s the matter with your wife? She wants to set,—that’s
all; and you just let her set! A fiddlestick for Doctor Peppercorn! Why,
any good old hen that has brought up a family knows more than a doctor
about such things. You just go home and tell her to set, if she wants to,
and behave herself.”

When Gray Cock came home, he found that Master Freddy had been before
him, and established Mrs. Feathertop upon eight nice eggs, where she
was sitting in gloomy grandeur. He tried to make a little affable
conversation with her, and to relate his interview with the doctor and
Goody Kertarkut, but she was morose and sullen, and only pecked at him
now and then in a very sharp, unpleasant way; so after a few more efforts
to make himself agreeable, he left her, and went out promenading with the
captivating Mrs. Red Comb, a charming young Spanish widow, who had just
been imported into the neighboring yard.

“Bless my soul!” said he, “you’ve no idea how cross my wife is.”

“O you horrid creature!” said Mrs. Red Comb; “how little you feel for the
weaknesses of us poor hens!”

“On my word, ma’am,” said Gray Cock, “you do me injustice. But when a
hen gives way to temper, ma’am, and no longer meets her husband with a
smile,—when she even pecks at him whom she is bound to honor and obey—”

“Horrid monster! talking of obedience! I should say, sir, you came
straight from Turkey!” and Mrs. Red Comb tossed her head with a most
bewitching air, and pretended to run away, and old Mrs. Scratchard looked
out of her coop and called to Goody Kertarkut,—

“Look how Mr. Gray Cock is flirting with that widow. I always knew she
was a baggage.”

“And his poor wife left at home alone,” said Goody Kertarkut. “It’s the
way with ’em all!”

“Yes, yes,” said Dame Scratchard, “she’ll know what real life is now,
and she won’t go about holding her head so high, and looking down on her
practical neighbors that have raised families.”

“Poor thing, what’ll she do with a family?” said Goody Kertarkut.

“Well, what business have such young flirts to get married?” said Dame
Scratchard. “I don’t expect she’ll raise a single chick; and there’s Gray
Cock flirting about, fine as ever. Folks didn’t do so when I was young.
I’m sure my husband knew what treatment a setting hen ought to have,—poor
old Long Spur,—he never minded a peck or so now and then. I must say
these modern fowls a’n’t what fowls used to be.”

Meanwhile the sun rose and set, and Master Fred was almost the only
friend and associate of poor little Mrs. Feathertop, whom he fed daily
with meal and water, and only interrupted her sad reflections by pulling
her up occasionally to see how the eggs were coming on.

At last, “Peep, peep, peep!” began to be heard in the nest, and one
little downy head after another poked forth from under the feathers,
surveying the world with round, bright, winking eyes; and gradually the
brood were hatched, and Mrs. Feathertop arose, a proud and happy mother,
with all the bustling, scratching, care-taking instincts of family-life
warm within her breast. She clucked and scratched, and cuddled the little
downy bits of things as handily and discreetly as a seven-year-old hen
could have done, exciting thereby the wonder of the community.

Master Gray Cock came home in high spirits, and complimented her; told
her she was looking charmingly once more, and said, “Very well, very
nice!” as he surveyed the young brood. So that Mrs. Feathertop began
to feel the world going well with her,—when suddenly in came Dame
Scratchard and Goody Kertarkut to make a morning call.

“Let’s see the chicks,” said Dame Scratchard.

“Goodness me,” said Goody Kertarkut, “what a likeness to their dear papa!”

“Well, but bless me, what’s the matter with their bills?” said Dame
Scratchard. “Why, my dear, these chicks are deformed! I’m sorry for you,
my dear, but it’s all the result of your inexperience; you ought to have
eaten pebble-stones with your meal when you were setting. Don’t you see,
Dame Kertarkut, what bills they have? That’ll increase, and they’ll be

“What shall I do?” said Mrs. Feathertop, now greatly alarmed.

“Nothing, as I know of,” said Dame Scratchard, “since you didn’t come to
me before you set. I could have told you all about it. Maybe it won’t
kill ’em, but they’ll always be deformed.”

And so the gossips departed, leaving a sting under the pin-feathers of
the poor little hen mamma, who began to see that her darlings had curious
little spoon-bills, different from her own, and to worry and fret about

“My dear,” she said to her spouse, “do get Dr. Peppercorn to come in and
look at their bills, and see if anything can be done.”

Dr. Peppercorn came in, and put on a monstrous pair of spectacles, and
said, “Hum! Ha! Extraordinary case,—very singular!”

“Did you ever see anything like it, Doctor?” said both parents, in a

“I’ve read of such cases. It’s a calcareous enlargement of the vascular
bony tissue, threatening ossification,” said the Doctor.

“O, dreadful!—can it be possible?” shrieked both parents. “Can anything
be done?”

“Well, I should recommend a daily lotion made of mosquitoes’ horns and
bicarbonate of frogs’ toes, together with a powder, to be taken morning
and night, of muriate of fleas. One thing you must be careful about: they
must never wet their feet, nor drink any water.”

“Dear me, Doctor, I don’t know what I _shall_ do, for they seem to have a
particular fancy for getting into water.”

“Yes, a morbid tendency often found in these cases of bony tumification
of the vascular tissue of the mouth; but you must resist it, ma’am, as
their life depends upon it”;—and with that Dr. Peppercorn glared gloomily
on the young ducks, who were stealthily poking the objectionable little
spoon-bills out from under their mother’s feathers.

After this poor Mrs. Feathertop led a weary life of it; for the young fry
were as healthy and enterprising a brood of young ducks as ever carried
saucepans on the end of their noses, and they most utterly set themselves
against the Doctor’s prescriptions, murmured at the muriate of fleas
and the bicarbonate of frogs’ toes, and took every opportunity to waddle
their little ways down to the mud and water which was in their near
vicinity. So their bills grew larger and larger, as did the rest of their
bodies, and family government grew weaker and weaker.

“You’ll wear me out, children, you certainly will,” said poor Mrs.

“You’ll go to destruction,—do ye hear?” said Master Gray Cock.

“Did you ever see such frights as poor Mrs. Feathertop has got?” said
Dame Scratchard. “I knew what would come of _her_ family,—all deformed,
and with a dreadful sort of madness, which makes them love to shovel mud
with those shocking spoon-bills of theirs.”

“It’s a kind of idiocy,” said Goody Kertarkut. “Poor things! they can’t
be kept from the water, nor made to take powders, and so they get worse
and worse.”

“I understand it’s affecting their feet so that they can’t walk, and
a dreadful sort of net is growing between their toes; what a shocking

“She brought it on herself,” said Dame Scratchard. “Why didn’t she come
to me before she set? She was always an upstart, self-conceited thing,
but I’m sure I pity her.”

Meanwhile the young ducks throve apace. Their necks grew glossy, like
changeable green and gold satin, and though they would not take the
doctor’s medicine, and would waddle in the mud and water,—for which they
always felt themselves to be very naughty ducks,—yet they grew quite
vigorous and hearty. At last one day the whole little tribe waddled off
down to the bank of the river. It was a beautiful day, and the river was
dancing and dimpling and winking as the little breezes shook the trees
that hung over it.

“Well,” said the biggest of the little ducks, “in spite of Dr.
Peppercorn, I can’t help longing for the water. I don’t believe it is
going to hurt me,—at any rate, here goes”;—and in he plumped, and in
went every duck after him, and they threw out their great brown feet as
cleverly as if they had taken rowing lessons all their lives, and sailed
off on the river, away, away among the ferns, under the pink azalias,
through reeds and rushes, and arrow-heads and pickerel-weed, the happiest
ducks that ever were born; and soon they were quite out of sight.

“Well, Mrs. Feathertop, this is a dispensation!” said Mrs. Scratchard.
“Your children are all drowned at last, just as I knew they’d be. The old
music-teacher, Master Bullfrog, that lives down in Water-Dock Lane, saw
’em all plump madly into the water together this morning; that’s what
comes of not knowing how to bring up a family.”

Mrs. Feathertop gave only one shriek and fainted dead away, and was
carried home on a cabbage-leaf, and Mr. Gray Cock was sent for, where he
was waiting on Mrs. Red Comb through the squash-vines.

“It’s a serious time in your family, sir,” said Goody Kertarkut, “and
you ought to be at home supporting your wife. Send for Doctor Peppercorn
without delay.”

Now as the case was a very dreadful one, Doctor Peppercorn called a
council from the barn-yard of the Squire, two miles off, and a brisk
young Doctor Partlett appeared, in a fine suit of brown and gold, with
tail-feathers like meteors. A fine young fellow he was, lately from
Paris, with all the modern scientific improvements fresh in his head.

When he had listened to the whole story, he clapped his spur into the
ground, and leaning back, laughed so loud that all the cocks in the
neighborhood crowed.

Mrs. Feathertop rose up out of her swoon, and Mr. Gray Cock was greatly

“What do you mean, sir, by such behavior in the house of mourning?”

“My dear sir, pardon me,—but there is no occasion for mourning. My dear
madam, let me congratulate you. There is no harm done. The simple matter
is, dear madam, you have been under a hallucination all along. The
neighborhood and my learned friend the doctor have all made a mistake in
thinking that these children of yours were hens at all. They are ducks,
ma’am, evidently ducks, and very finely formed ducks I dare say.”

At this moment a quack was heard, and at a distance the whole tribe were
seen coming waddling home, their feathers gleaming in green and gold, and
they themselves in high good spirits.

“Such a splendid day as we have had!” they all cried in a breath. “And
we know now how to get our own living; we can take care of ourselves in
future, so you need have no further trouble with us.”

“Madam,” said the doctor, making a bow with an air which displayed his
tail-feathers to advantage, “let me congratulate you on the charming
family you have raised. A finer brood of young, healthy ducks I never
saw. Give claw, my dear friend,” he said, addressing the elder son. “In
our barn-yard no family is more respected than that of the ducks.”

And so Madam Feathertop came off glorious at last; and when after this
the ducks used to go swimming up and down the river like so many nabobs
among the admiring hens, Doctor Peppercorn used to look after them and
say, “Ah! I had the care of their infancy!” and Mr. Gray Cock and his
wife used to say, “It was our system of education did that!”



Mr. and Mrs. Nutcracker were as respectable a pair of squirrels as ever
wore gray brushes over their backs. They were animals of a settled and
serious turn of mind, not disposed to run after vanities and novelties,
but filling their station in life with prudence and sobriety. Nutcracker
Lodge was a hole in a sturdy old chestnut overhanging a shady dell,
and was held to be as respectably kept an establishment as there was
in the whole forest. Even Miss Jenny Wren, the greatest gossip of the
neighborhood, never found anything to criticise in its arrangements, and
old Parson Too-whit, a venerable owl who inhabited a branch somewhat more
exalted, as became his profession, was in the habit of saving himself
much trouble in his parochial exhortations by telling his parishioners in
short to “look at the Nutcrackers” if they wanted to see what it was to
live a virtuous life. Everything had gone on prosperously with them, and
they had reared many successive families of young Nutcrackers, who went
forth to assume their places in the forest of life, and to reflect credit
on their bringing-up,—so that naturally enough they began to have a very
easy way of considering themselves models of wisdom.

But at last it came along, in the course of events, that they had a
son named Featherhead, who was destined to bring them a great deal of
anxiety. Nobody knows what the reason is, but the fact was, that Master
Featherhead was as different from all the former children of this worthy
couple as if he had been dropped out of the moon into their nest, instead
of coming into it in the general way. Young Featherhead was a squirrel
of good parts and a lively disposition, but he was sulky and contrary
and unreasonable, and always finding matter of complaint in everything
his respectable papa and mamma did. Instead of assisting in the cares
of a family,—picking up nuts and learning other lessons proper to a
young squirrel,—he seemed to settle himself from his earliest years into
a sort of lofty contempt for the Nutcrackers, for Nutcracker Lodge,
and for all the good old ways and institutions of the domestic hole,
which he declared to be stupid and unreasonable, and entirely behind
the times. To be sure, he was always on hand at meal-times, and played
a very lively tooth on the nuts which his mother had collected, always
selecting the very best for himself; but he seasoned his nibbling with so
much grumbling and discontent, and so many severe remarks, as to give the
impression that he considered himself a peculiarly ill-used squirrel in
having to “eat their old grub,” as he very unceremoniously called it.

Papa Nutcracker, on these occasions, was often fiercely indignant, and
poor little Mamma Nutcracker would shed tears, and beg her darling to
be a little more reasonable; but the young gentleman seemed always to
consider himself as the injured party.

Now nobody could tell why or wherefore Master Featherhead looked upon
himself as injured and aggrieved, since he was living in a good hole,
with plenty to eat, and without the least care or labor of his own; but
he seemed rather to value himself upon being gloomy and dissatisfied.
While his parents and brothers and sisters were cheerfully racing up and
down the branches, busy in their domestic toils, and laying up stores for
the winter, Featherhead sat gloomily apart, declaring himself weary of
existence, and feeling himself at liberty to quarrel with everybody and
everything about him. Nobody understood him, he said;—he was a squirrel
of a peculiar nature, and needed peculiar treatment, and nobody treated
him in a way that did not grate on the finer nerves of his feelings.
He had higher notions of existence than could be bounded by that old
rotten hole in a hollow tree; he had thoughts that soared far above the
miserable, petty details of everyday life, and he _could_ not and _would_
not bring down these soaring aspirations to the contemptible toil of
laying up a few chestnuts or hickory-nuts for winter.

“Depend upon it, my dear,” said Mrs. Nutcracker solemnly, “that fellow
must be a genius.”

“Fiddlestick on his genius!” said old Mr. Nutcracker; “what does he _do_?”

“O nothing, of course; that’s one of the first marks of genius. Geniuses,
you know, never can come down to common life.”

“He eats enough for any two,” remarked old Nutcracker, “and he never
helps gather nuts.”

“My dear, ask Parson Too-whit; he has conversed with him, and quite
agrees with me that he says very uncommon things for a squirrel of his
age; he has such fine feelings,—so much above those of the common crowd.”

“Fine feelings be hanged!” said old Nutcracker. “When a fellow eats
all the nuts that his mother gives him, and then grumbles at her, I
don’t believe much in his fine feelings. Why don’t he set himself about
something? I’m going to tell my fine young gentleman, that, if he doesn’t
behave himself, I’ll tumble him out of the nest, neck and crop, and see
if hunger won’t do something towards bringing down his fine airs.”

But then Mrs. Nutcracker fell on her husband’s neck with both paws, and
wept, and besought him so piteously to have patience with her darling,
that old Nutcracker, who was himself a soft-hearted old squirrel,
was prevailed upon to put up with the airs and graces of his young
scape-grace a little longer; and secretly in his silly old heart he
revolved the question whether possibly it might not be that a great
genius was actually to come of his household.

The Nutcrackers belonged to the old established race of the Grays, but
they were sociable, friendly people, and kept on the best of terms with
all branches of the Nutcracker family. The Chipmunks of Chipmunk Hollow
were a very lively, cheerful, sociable race, and on the very best of
terms with the Nutcracker Grays. Young Tip Chipmunk, the oldest son, was
in all respects a perfect contrast to Master Featherhead. He was always
lively and cheerful, and so very alert in providing for the family, that
old Mr. and Mrs. Chipmunk had very little care, but could sit sociably
at the door of their hole and chat with neighbors, quite sure that Tip
would bring everything out right for them, and have plenty laid up for

Now Featherhead took it upon him, for some reason or other, to look down
upon Tip Chipmunk, and on every occasion to disparage him in the social
circle, as a very common kind of squirrel, with whom it would be best not
to associate too freely.

“My dear,” said Mrs. Nutcracker one day, when he was expressing these
ideas, “it seems to me that you are too hard on poor Tip; he is a most
excellent son and brother, and I wish you would be civil to him.”

“O, I don’t doubt that Tip is _good_ enough,” said Featherhead,
carelessly; “but then he is so very common! he hasn’t an idea in his
skull above his nuts and his hole. He is good-natured enough, to be
sure,—these very ordinary people often are good-natured,—but he wants
manner; he has really no manner at all; and as to the deeper feelings,
Tip hasn’t the remotest idea of them. I mean always to be civil to Tip
when he comes in my way, but I think the less we see of that sort of
people the better; and I hope, mother, you won’t invite the Chipmunks at
Christmas,—these family dinners are such a bore!”

“But, my dear, your father thinks a great deal of the Chipmunks; and it
is an old family custom to have all the relatives here at Christmas.”

“And an awful bore it is! Why must people of refinement and elevation be
forever tied down because of some distant relationship? Now there are our
cousins the High-Flyers,—if we could get them, there would be some sense
in it. Young Whisk rather promised me for Christmas; but it’s seldom now
you can get a flying squirrel to show himself in our parts, and if we are
intimate with the Chipmunks it isn’t to be expected.”

“Confound him for a puppy!” said old Nutcracker, when his wife repeated
these sayings to him. “Featherhead is a fool. Common, forsooth! I wish
good, industrious, painstaking sons like Tip Chipmunk _were_ common. For
my part, I find these uncommon people the most tiresome; they are not
content with letting us carry the whole load, but they sit on it, and
scold at us while we carry them.”

But old Mr. Nutcracker, like many other good old gentlemen squirrels,
found that Christmas dinners and other things were apt to go as his wife
said, and his wife was apt to go as young Featherhead said; and so, when
Christmas came, the Chipmunks were not invited, for the first time in
many years. The Chipmunks, however, took all pleasantly, and accepted
poor old Mrs. Nutcracker’s awkward apologies with the best possible
grace, and young Tip looked in on Christmas morning with the compliments
of the season and a few beech-nuts, which he had secured as a great
dainty. The fact was, that Tip’s little striped fur coat was so filled up
and overflowing with cheerful good-will to all, that he never could be
made to understand that any of his relations could want to cut him; and
therefore Featherhead looked down on him with contempt, and said he had
no tact, and couldn’t see when he was not wanted.

It was wonderful to see how, by means of persisting in remarks like
these, young Featherhead at last got all his family to look up to him
as something uncommon. Though he added nothing to the family, and
required more to be done for him than all the others put together,—though
he showed not the smallest real perseverance or ability in anything
useful,—yet somehow all his brothers and sisters, and his poor foolish
old mother, got into a way of regarding him as something wonderful, and
delighting in his sharp sayings as if they had been the wisest things in
the world.

But at last old papa declared that it was time for Featherhead to settle
himself to some business in life, roundly declaring that he could not
always have him as a hanger-on in the paternal hole.

“What are you going to do, my boy?” said Tip Chipmunk to him one day. “We
are driving now a thriving trade in hickory-nuts, and if you would like
to join us—”

“Thank you,” said Featherhead; “but I confess I have no fancy for
anything so slow as the hickory trade; I never was made to grub and delve
in that way.”

The fact was, that Featherhead had lately been forming alliances such
as no reputable squirrel should even think of. He had more than once
been seen going out evenings with the Rats of Rat Hollow,—a race
whose reputation for honesty was more than doubtful. The fact was,
further, that old Longtooth Rat, an old sharper and money-lender, had
long had his eye on Featherhead as just about silly enough for their
purposes,—engaging him in what he called a speculation, but which was
neither more nor less than downright stealing.

Near by the chestnut-tree where Nutcracker Lodge was situated was a large
barn filled with corn and grain, besides many bushels of hazelnuts,
chestnuts, and walnuts. Now old Longtooth proposed to young Featherhead
that he should nibble a passage into this loft, and there establish
himself in the commission business, passing the nuts and corn to him as
he wanted them. Old Longtooth knew what he was about in the proposal,
for he had heard talk of a brisk Scotch terrier that was about to be
bought to keep the rats from the grain; but you may be sure he kept his
knowledge to himself, so that Featherhead was none the wiser for it.

“The nonsense of fellows like Tip Chipmunk!” said Featherhead to his
admiring brothers and sisters. “The perfectly stupid nonsense! There he
goes, delving and poking, picking up a nut here and a grain there, when
_I_ step into property at once.”

“But I hope, my son, you are careful to be honest in your dealings,” said
old Nutcracker, who was a very moral squirrel.

With that, young Featherhead threw his tail saucily over one shoulder,
winked knowingly at his brothers, and said, “Certainly, sir! If honesty
consists in getting what you can while it is going, I mean to be honest.”

Very soon Featherhead appeared to his admiring companions in the
height of prosperity. He had a splendid hole in the midst of a heap of
chestnuts, and he literally seemed to be rolling in wealth; he never came
home without showering lavish gifts on his mother and sisters; he wore
his tail over his back with a buckish air, and patronized Tip Chipmunk
with a gracious nod whenever he met him, and thought that the world was
going well with him.

But one luckless day, as Featherhead was lolling in his hole, up came two
boys with the friskiest, wiriest Scotch terrier you ever saw. His eyes
blazed like torches, and poor Featherhead’s heart died within him as he
heard the boys say, “Now we’ll see if we can’t catch the rascal that eats
our grain.”

Featherhead tried to slink out at the hole he had gnawed to come in by,
but found it stopped.

“O, you are there, are you, Mister?” said the boy. “Well, you don’t get
out; and now for a chase!”

And, sure enough, poor Featherhead ran distracted with terror up and
down, through the bundles of hay, between barrels, and over casks;
but with the barking terrier ever at his heels, and the boys running,
shouting, and cheering his pursuer on. He was glad at last to escape
through a crack, though he left half of his fine brush behind him,—for
Master Wasp the terrier made a snap at it just as he was going, and
cleaned all the hair off of it, so that it was bare as a rat’s tail.


Poor Featherhead limped off, bruised and beaten and bedraggled, with the
boys and dog still after him; and they would have caught him, after all,
if Tip Chipmunk’s hole had not stood hospitably open to receive him. Tip
took him in, like a good-natured fellow as he was, and took the best of
care of him; but the glory of Featherhead’s tail had departed forever. He
had sprained his left paw, and got a chronic rheumatism, and the fright
and fatigue which he had gone through had broken up his constitution,
so that he never again could be what he had been; but Tip gave him a
situation as under-clerk in his establishment, and from that time he was
a sadder and a wiser squirrel than he ever had been before.



Under the window of a certain pretty little cottage there grew a great
old apple-tree, which in the spring had thousands and thousands of lovely
pink blossoms on it, and in the autumn had about half as many bright red
apples as it had blossoms in the spring.

The nursery of this cottage was a little bower of a room, papered with
mossy-green paper, and curtained with white muslin; and here five little
children used to come, in their white nightgowns, to be dressed and have
their hair brushed and curled every morning.

First, there were Alice and Mary, bright-eyed, laughing little girls, of
seven and eight years, and then came stout little Jamie, and Charlie, and
finally little Puss, whose real name was Ellen, but who was called Puss,
and Pussy, and Birdie, and Toddlie, and any other pet name that came to

Now it used to happen, every morning, that the five little heads would
be peeping out of the window, together, into the flowery boughs of the
apple-tree; and the reason was this. A pair of robins had built a very
pretty, smooth-lined nest in a fork of the limb that came directly under
the window, and the building of this nest had been superintended, day by
day, by the five pairs of bright eyes of these five children. The robins
at first had been rather shy of this inspection; but, as they got better
acquainted, they seemed to think no more of the little curly heads in
the window, than of the pink blossoms about them, or the daisies and
buttercups at the foot of the tree.

All the little hands were forward to help; some threw out flossy bits of
cotton,—for which, we grieve to say, Charlie had cut a hole in the crib
quilt,—and some threw out bits of thread and yarn, and Allie ravelled
out a considerable piece from one of her garters, which she threw out
as a contribution; and they exulted in seeing the skill with which the
little builders wove everything in. “Little birds, little birds,” they
would say, “you shall be kept warm, for we have given you cotton out of
our crib quilt, and yarn out of our stockings.” Nay, so far did this
generosity proceed, that Charlie cut a flossy, golden curl from Toddlie’s
head and threw it out; and when the birds caught it up the whole flock
laughed to see Toddlie’s golden hair figuring in a bird’s-nest.

When the little thing was finished, it was so neat, and trim, and
workman-like, that the children all exulted over it, and called it “our
nest,” and the two robins they called “our birds.” But wonderful was
the joy when the little eyes, opening one morning, saw in the nest a
beautiful pale-green egg; and the joy grew from day to day, for every day
there came another egg, and so on till there were five little eggs; and
then the oldest girl, Alice, said, “There are five eggs; that makes one
for each of us, and each of us will have a little bird by and by”;—at
which all the children laughed and jumped for glee.

When the five little eggs were all laid, the mother-bird began to sit
on them; and at any time of day or night, when a little head peeped out
of the nursery window, might be seen a round, bright, patient pair of
bird’s eyes contentedly waiting for the young birds to come. It seemed a
long time for the children to wait; but every day they put some bread and
cake from their luncheon on the window-sill, so that the birds might have
something to eat; but still there she was, patiently watching!

“How long, long, long she waits!” said Jamie, impatiently. “I don’t
believe she’s ever going to hatch.”

“O, yes she is!” said grave little Alice. “Jamie, you don’t understand
about these things; it takes a long, long time to hatch eggs. Old Sam
says his hens set three weeks;—only think, almost a month!”

Three weeks looked a long time to the five bright pairs of little
watching eyes; but Jamie said, the eggs were so much smaller than hens’
eggs, that it wouldn’t take so long to hatch them, he knew. Jamie always
thought he knew all about everything, and was so sure of it that he
rather took the lead among the children. But one morning, when they
pushed their five heads out of the window, the round, patient little
bird-eyes were gone, and there seemed to be nothing in the nest but a
bunch of something hairy.

Upon this they all cried out, “O mamma, _do_ come here! the bird is gone
and left her nest!” And when they cried out, they saw five wide little
red mouths open in the nest, and saw that the hairy bunch of stuff was
indeed the first of five little birds.

“They are dreadful-looking things,” said Mary; “I didn’t know that little
birds began by looking so badly.”

“They seem to be all mouth,” said Jamie.

“We must feed them,” said Charlie.

“Here, little birds, here’s some gingerbread for you,” he said; and he
threw a bit of his gingerbread, which fortunately only hit the nest on
the outside, and fell down among the buttercups, where two crickets made
a meal of it, and agreed that it was as excellent gingerbread as if old
Mother Cricket herself had made it.

“Take care, Charlie,” said his mamma; “we do not know enough to feed
young birds. We must leave it to their papa and mamma, who probably
started out bright and early in the morning to get breakfast for them.”

Sure enough, while they were speaking, back came Mr. and Mrs. Robin,
whirring through the green shadows of the apple-tree; and thereupon all
the five little red mouths flew open, and the birds put something into

It was great amusement, after this, to watch the daily feeding of the
little birds, and to observe how, when not feeding them, the mother
sat brooding on the nest, warming them under her soft wings, while the
father-bird sat on the tip-top bough of the apple-tree and sang to them.
In time they grew and grew, and, instead of a nest full of little red
mouths, there was a nest full of little, fat, speckled robins, with
round, bright, cunning eyes, just like their parents; and the children
began to talk together about their birds.

“I’m going to give my robin a name,” said Mary. “I call him Brown-Eyes.”

“And I call mine Tip-Top,” said Jamie, “because I know he’ll be a tip-top

“And I call mine singer,” said Alice.

“I ’all mine Toddy,” said little Toddlie, who would not be behindhand in
anything that was going on.

“Hurrah for Toddlie!” said Charlie, “hers is the best of all. For my
part, I call mine Speckle.”

So then the birds were all made separate characters by having each a
separate name given it. Brown-Eyes, Tip-Top, Singer, Toddy, and Speckle
made, as they grew bigger, a very crowded nestful of birds.

Now the children had early been taught to say in a little hymn:—

    “Birds in their little nests agree,
      And ’tis a shameful sight
    When children of one family
      Fall out, and chide, and fight”;—

and they thought anything really written and printed in a hymn must be
true; therefore they were very much astonished to see, from day to day,
that _their_ little birds in their nests did _not_ agree.

Tip-Top was the biggest and strongest bird, and he was always shuffling
and crowding the others, and clamoring for the most food; and when Mrs.
Robin came in with a nice bit of anything, Tip-Top’s red mouth opened so
wide, and he was so noisy, that one would think the nest was all his. His
mother used to correct him for these gluttonous ways, and sometimes made
him wait till all the rest were helped before she gave him a mouthful;
but he generally revenged himself in her absence by crowding the others
and making the nest generally uncomfortable. Speckle, however, was a
bird of spirit, and he used to peck at Tip-Top; so they would sometimes
have a regular sparring-match across poor Brown-Eyes, who was a meek,
tender little fellow, and would sit winking and blinking in fear while
his big brothers quarrelled. As to Toddy and Singer, they turned out to
be sister birds, and showed quite a feminine talent for chattering; they
used to scold their badly behaving brothers in a way that made the nest
quite lively.

On the whole, Mr. and Mrs. Robin did not find their family circle the
peaceable place the poet represents.

“I say,” said Tip-Top one day to them, “this old nest is a dull, mean,
crowded hole, and it’s quite time some of us were out of it; just give us
lessons in flying, won’t you, and let us go.”

“My dear boy,” said Mother Robin, “we shall teach you to fly as soon as
your wings are strong enough.”

“You are a very little bird,” said his father, “and ought to be good and
obedient, and wait patiently till your wing-feathers grow; and then you
can soar away to some purpose.”

“Wait for my wing-feathers? Humbug!” Tip-Top would say, as he sat
balancing with his little short tail on the edge of the nest, and looking
down through the grass and clover-heads below, and up into the blue
clouds above. “Father and mother are slow old birds; keep a fellow back
with their confounded notions. If they don’t hurry up, I’ll take matters
into my own claws, and be off some day before they know it. Look at those
swallows, skimming and diving through the blue air! That’s the way I want
to do.”

“But, dear brother, the way to learn to do that is to be good and
obedient while we are little, and wait till our parents think it best for
us to begin.”

“Shut up your preaching,” said Tip-Top; “what do you girls know of

“About as much as _you_,” said Speckle. “However, I’m sure I don’t care
how soon you take yourself off, for you take up more room than all the
rest put together.”

“You mind yourself, Master Speckle, or you’ll get something you don’t
like,” said Tip-Top, still strutting in a very cavalier way on the edge
of the nest, and sticking up his little short tail quite valiantly.

“O my darlings,” said the mamma, now fluttering home, “cannot I ever
teach you to live in love?”

“It’s all Tip-Top’s fault,” screamed the other birds in a flutter.

“My fault? Of course, everything in this nest that goes wrong is laid
to me,” said Tip-Top; “and I’ll leave it to anybody, now, if I crowd
anybody. I’ve been sitting outside, on the very edge of the nest, and
there’s Speckle has got my place.”

“Who wants your place?” said Speckle. “I’m sure you can come in, if you

“My dear boy,” said the mother, “do go into the nest and be a good little
bird, and then you will be happy.”

“That’s always the talk,” said Tip-Top. “I’m too big for the nest, and I
want to see the world. It’s full of beautiful things, I know. Now there’s
the most lovely creature, with bright eyes, that comes under the tree
every day, and wants me to come down in the grass and play with her.”

“My son, my son, beware!” said the frightened mother; “that lovely
seeming creature is our dreadful enemy, the cat,—a horrid monster, with
teeth and claws.”

At this, all the little birds shuddered and cuddled deeper in the nest;
only Tip-Top, in his heart, disbelieved it. “I’m too old a bird,” said
he to himself, “to believe _that_ story; mother is chaffing me. But I’ll
show her that I can take care of myself.”

So the next morning, after the father and mother were gone, Tip-Top got
on the edge of the nest again, and looked over and saw lovely Miss Pussy
washing her face among the daisies under the tree, and her hair was
sleek and white as the daisies, and her eyes were yellow and beautiful
to behold, and she looked up to the tree bewitchingly, and said, “Little
birds, little birds, come down; Pussy wants to play with you.”

“Only look at her!” said Tip-Top; “her eyes are like gold.”

“No, don’t look,” said Singer and Speckle. “She will bewitch you and then
eat you up.”

“I’d like to see her try to eat me up,” said Tip-Top, again balancing his
short tail over the nest. “Just as if she would. She’s just the nicest,
most innocent creature going, and only wants us to have fun. We never do
have any fun in this old nest!”

Then the yellow eyes below shot a bewildering light into Tip-Top’s eyes,
and a voice sounded sweet as silver: “Little birds, little birds, come
down; Pussy wants to play with you.”

“Her paws are as white as velvet,” said Tip-Top; “and so soft! I don’t
believe she has any claws.”

“Don’t go, brother, don’t!” screamed both sisters.

All we know about it is, that a moment after a direful scream was heard
from the nursery window. “O mamma, mamma, do come here! Tip-Top’s fallen
out of the nest, and the cat has got him!”

Away ran Pussy with foolish little Tip-Top in her mouth, and he squeaked
dolefully when he felt her sharp teeth. Wicked Miss Pussy had no mind to
eat him at once; she meant just as she said, to “play with him.” So she
ran off to a private place among the currant-bushes, while all the little
curly heads were scattered up and down looking for her.

Did you ever see a cat play with a bird or a mouse? She sets it down, and
seems to go off and leave it; but the moment it makes the first movement
to get away,—pounce! she springs on it, and shakes it in her mouth; and
so she teases and tantalizes it, till she gets ready to kill and eat it.
I can’t say why she does it, except that it is a cat’s nature; and it is
a very bad nature for foolish young robins to get acquainted with.

“O, where is he? where is he? Do find my poor Tip-Top,” said Jamie,
crying as loud as he could scream. “I’ll kill that horrid cat,—I’ll kill

Mr. and Mrs. Robin, who had come home meantime, joined their plaintive
chirping to the general confusion; and Mrs. Robin’s bright eyes soon
discovered her poor little son, where Pussy was patting and rolling him
from one paw to the other under the currant-bushes; and settling on the
bush above, she called the little folks to the spot by her cries.

Jamie plunged under the bush, and caught the cat with luckless Tip-Top in
her mouth; and, with one or two good thumps, he obliged her to let him
go. Tip-Top was not dead, but in a sadly draggled and torn state. Some
of his feathers were torn out, and one of his wings was broken, and hung
down in a melancholy way.

“O, what _shall_ we do for him? He will die. Poor Tip-Top!” said the

“Let’s put him back into the nest, children,” said mamma. “His mother
will know best what to do with him.”

So a ladder was got, and papa climbed up and put poor Tip-Top safely into
the nest. The cat had shaken all the nonsense well out of him; he was a
dreadfully humbled young robin.

The time came at last when all the other birds in the nest learned to
fly, and fluttered and flew about everywhere; but poor melancholy Tip-Top
was still confined to the nest with a broken wing. Finally, as it became
evident that it would be long before he could fly, Jamie took him out of
the nest, and made a nice little cage for him, and used to feed him every
day, and he would hop about and seem tolerably contented; but it was
evident that he would be a lame-winged robin all his days.

Jamie’s mother told him that Tip-Top’s history was an allegory.

“I don’t know what you mean, mamma,” said Jamie.

“When something in a bird’s life is like something in a boy’s life,
or when a story is similar in its meaning to reality, we call it an
allegory. Little boys, when they are about half grown up, sometimes do
just as Tip-Top did. They are in a great hurry to get away from home into
the great world; and then Temptation comes, with bright eyes and smooth
velvet paws, and promises them fun; and they go to bad places; they get
to smoking, and then to drinking; and, finally, the bad habit gets them
in its teeth and claws, and plays with them as a cat does with a mouse.
They try to reform, just as your robin tried to get away from the cat;
but their bad habits pounce on them and drag them back. And so, when the
time comes that they want to begin life, they are miserable, broken-down
creatures, like your broken-winged robin.

“So, Jamie, remember, and don’t try to be a man before your time, and let
your parents judge for you while you are young; and never believe in any
soft white Pussy, with golden eyes, that comes and wants to tempt you to
come down and play with her. If a big boy offers to teach you to smoke a
cigar, that is Pussy. If a boy wants you to go into a billiard-saloon,
that is Pussy. If a boy wants you to learn to drink anything with spirit
in it, however sweetened and disguised, remember, Pussy is there; and
Pussy’s claws are long, and Pussy’s teeth are strong; and if she gives
you one shake in your youth, you will be like a broken-winged robin all
your days.”


Miss Katy-did sat on the branch of a flowering Azalia, in her best suit
of fine green and silver, with wings of point-lace from Mother Nature’s
finest web.

Miss Katy was in the very highest possible spirits, because her gallant
cousin, Colonel Katy-did, had looked in to make her a morning visit. It
was a fine morning, too, which goes for as much among the Katy-dids as
among men and women. It was, in fact, a morning that Miss Katy thought
must have been made on purpose for her to enjoy herself in. There had
been a patter of rain the night before, which had kept the leaves awake
talking to each other till nearly morning, but by dawn the small winds
had blown brisk little puffs, and whisked the heavens clear and bright
with their tiny wings, as you have seen Susan clear away the cobwebs in
your mamma’s parlor; and so now there were only left a thousand blinking,
burning water-drops, hanging like convex mirrors at the end of each leaf,
and Miss Katy admired herself in each one.

“Certainly I am a pretty creature,” she said to herself; and when the
gallant Colonel said something about being dazzled by her beauty, she
only tossed her head and took it as quite a matter of course.

“The fact is, my dear Colonel,” she said, “I am thinking of giving a
party, and you must help me make out the lists.”

“My dear, you make me the happiest of Katy-dids.”

“Now,” said Miss Katy-did, drawing an azalia-leaf towards her, “let us
see,—whom shall we have? The Fireflies, of course; everybody wants them,
they are so brilliant;—a little unsteady, to be sure, but quite in the
higher circles.”

“Yes, we must have the Fireflies,” echoed the Colonel.

“Well, then,—and the Butterflies and the Moths. Now, there’s a trouble.
There’s such an everlasting tribe of those Moths; and if you invite dull
people they’re always sure all to come, every one of them. Still, if you
have the Butterflies, you can’t leave out the Moths.

“Old Mrs. Moth has been laid up lately with a gastric fever, and that may
keep two or three of the Misses Moth at home,” said the Colonel.

“Whatever could give the old lady such a turn?” said Miss Katy. “I
thought she never was sick.”

“I suspect it’s high living. I understand she and her family ate up a
whole ermine cape last month, and it disagreed with them.

“For my part, I can’t conceive how the Moths can live as they do,” said
Miss Katy, with a face of disgust. “Why, I could no more eat worsted and
fur, as they do—”

“That is quite evident from the fairy-like delicacy of your appearance,”
said the Colonel. “One can see that nothing so gross or material has ever
entered into your system.”

“I’m sure,” said Miss Katy, “mamma says she don’t know what does keep me
alive; half a dewdrop and a little bit of the nicest part of a rose-leaf,
I assure you, often last me for a day. But we are forgetting our list.
Let’s see,—the Fireflies, Butterflies, Moths. The Bees must come, I

“The Bees are a worthy family,” said the Colonel.

“Worthy enough, but dreadfully humdrum,” said Miss Katy. “They never talk
about anything but honey and housekeeping; still, they are a class of
people one cannot neglect.”

“Well, then, there are the Bumble-Bees.”

“O, I doat on them! General Bumble is one of the most dashing, brilliant
fellows of the day.”

“I think he is shockingly corpulent,” said Colonel Katy-did, not at all
pleased to hear him praised;—“don’t you?”

“I don’t know but he _is_ a little stout,” said Miss Katy; “but so
distinguished and elegant in his manners,—something martial and breezy
about him.”

“Well, if you invite the Bumble-Bees you must have the Hornets.”

“Those spiteful Hornets,—I detest them!”

“Nevertheless, dear Miss Katy, one does not like to offend the Hornets.”

“No, one can’t. There are those five Misses Hornet,—dreadful old
maids!—as full of spite as they can live. You may be sure they will every
one come, and be looking about to make spiteful remarks. Put down the
Hornets, though.”

“How about the Mosquitos?” said the Colonel.

“Those horrid Mosquitos,—they are dreadfully plebeian! Can’t one cut

“Well, dear Miss Katy,” said the Colonel, “if you ask my candid opinion
as a friend, I should say _not_. There’s young Mosquito, who graduated
last year, has gone into literature, and is connected with some of our
leading papers, and they say he carries the sharpest pen of all the
writers. It won’t do to offend him.”

“And so I suppose we must have his old aunts, and all six of his sisters,
and all his dreadfully common relations.”

“It is a pity,” said the Colonel, “but one must pay one’s tax to society.”

Just at this moment the conference was interrupted by a visitor, Miss
Keziah Cricket, who came in with her work-bag on her arm to ask a
subscription for a poor family of Ants who had just had their house hoed
up in clearing the garden-walks.

“How stupid of them,” said Katy, “not to know better than to put their
house in the garden-walk; that’s just like those Ants!”

“Well, they are in great trouble; all their stores destroyed, and their
father killed,—cut quite in two by a hoe.”

“How very shocking! I don’t like to hear of such disagreeable things,—it
affects my nerves terribly. Well, I’m sure I haven’t anything to give.
Mamma said yesterday she was sure she didn’t know how our bills were to
be paid,—and there’s my green satin with point-lace yet to come home.”
And Miss Katy-did shrugged her shoulders and affected to be very busy
with Colonel Katy-did, in just the way that young ladies sometimes do
when they wish to signify to visitors that they had better leave.

Little Miss Cricket perceived how the case stood, and so hopped briskly
off, without giving herself even time to be offended. “Poor extravagant
little thing!” said she to herself, “it was hardly worth while to ask

“Pray, shall you invite the Crickets?” said Colonel Katy-did.

“Who? I? Why, Colonel, what a question! Invite the Crickets? Of what can
you be thinking?”

“And shall you not ask the Locusts, or the Grasshoppers?”

“Certainly. The Locusts, of course,—a very old and distinguished family;
and the Grasshoppers are pretty well, and ought to be asked. But we must
draw a line somewhere,—and the Crickets! why, it’s shocking even to think

“I thought they were nice, respectable people.”

“O, perfectly nice and respectable,—very good people, in fact, so far as
that goes. But then you must see the difficulty.”

“My dear cousin, I am afraid you must explain.”

“Why, their _color_, to be sure. Don’t you see?”

“Oh!” said the Colonel. “That’s it, is it? Excuse me, but I have been
living in France, where these distinctions are wholly unknown, and I have
not yet got myself in the train of fashionable ideas here.”

“Well, then, let me teach you,” said Miss Katy. “You know we republicans
go for no distinctions except those created by Nature herself, and we
found our rank upon _color_, because that is clearly a thing that none
has any hand in but our Maker. You see?”

“Yes; but who decides what color shall be the reigning color?”

“I’m surprised to hear the question! The only true color—the only proper
one—is _our_ color, to be sure. A lovely pea-green is the precise shade
on which to found aristocratic distinction. But then we are liberal;—we
associate with the Moths, who are gray; with the Butterflies, who are
blue-and-gold-colored; with the Grasshoppers, yellow and brown;—and
society would become dreadfully mixed if it were not fortunately
ordered that the Crickets are black as jet. The fact is, that a class
to be looked down upon is necessary to all elegant society, and if
the Crickets were not black, we could not keep them down, because,
as everybody knows, they are often a great deal cleverer than we are.
They have a vast talent for music and dancing; they are very quick at
learning, and would be getting to the very top of the ladder if we once
allowed them to climb. But their being black is a convenience,—because,
as long as we are green and they black, we have a superiority that can
never be taken from us. Don’t you see, now?”

“O yes, I see exactly,” said the Colonel.

“Now that Keziah Cricket, who just came in here, is quite a musician, and
her old father plays the violin beautifully;—by the way, we might engage
him for our orchestra.”


And so Miss Katy’s ball came off, and the performers kept it up from
sundown till daybreak, so that it seemed as if every leaf in the forest
were alive. The Katy-dids, and the Mosquitos, and the Locusts, and a full
orchestra of Crickets made the air perfectly vibrate, insomuch that old
Parson Too-Whit, who was preaching a Thursday evening lecture to a very
small audience, announced to his hearers that he should certainly write a
discourse against dancing for the next weekly occasion.

The good Doctor was even with his word in the matter, and gave out some
very sonorous discourses, without in the least stopping the round of
gayeties kept up by these dissipated Katy-dids, which ran on, night
after night, till the celebrated Jack Frost epidemic, which occurred
somewhere about the first of September.

Poor Miss Katy, with her flimsy green satin and point-lace, was one of
the first victims, and fell from the bough in company with a sad shower
of last year’s leaves. The worthy Cricket family, however, avoided Jack
Frost by emigrating in time to the chimney-corner of a nice little
cottage that had been built in the wood that summer.

There good old Mr. and Mrs. Cricket, with sprightly Miss Keziah and her
brothers and sisters, found a warm and welcome home; and when the storm
howled without, and lashed the poor naked trees, the Crickets on the warm
hearth would chirp out cheery welcome to papa as he came in from the
snowy path, or mamma as she sat at her work-basket.

“Cheep, cheep, cheep!” little Freddy would say. “Mamma, who is it says

“Dear Freddy, it’s our own dear little cricket, who loves us and comes to
sing to us when the snow is on the ground.”

So when poor Miss Katy-did’s satin and lace were all swept away, the warm
home-talents of the Crickets made for them a welcome refuge.


Old Mother Magpie was about the busiest character in the forest. But you
must know that there is a great difference between being busy and being
industrious. One may be very busy all the time, and yet not in the least
industrious; and this was the case with Mother Magpie.

She was always full of everybody’s business but her own,—up and down,
here and there, everywhere but in her own nest, knowing every one’s
affairs, telling what everybody had been doing or ought to do, and ready
to cast her advice _gratis_ at every bird and beast of the woods.

Now she bustled up to the parsonage at the top of the oak-tree, to tell
old Parson Too-Whit what she thought he ought to preach for his next
sermon, and how dreadful the morals of the parish were becoming. Then,
having perfectly bewildered the poor old gentleman, who was always sleepy
of a Monday morning, Mother Magpie would take a peep into Mrs. Oriole’s
nest, sit chattering on a bough above, and pour forth floods of advice,
which, poor little Mrs. Oriole used to say to her husband, bewildered her
more than a hard northeast storm.

“Depend upon it, my dear,” Mother Magpie would say, “that this way of
building your nest, swinging like an old empty stocking from a bough,
isn’t at all the thing. I never built one so in my life, and I never have
headaches. Now you complain always that your head aches whenever I call
upon you. It’s all on account of this way of swinging and swaying about
in such an absurd manner.”

“But, my dear,” piped Mrs. Oriole, timidly, “the Orioles always have
built in this manner, and it suits our constitution.”

“A fiddle on your constitution! How can you tell what agrees with your
constitution unless you try? You own you are not well; you are subject
to headaches, and every physician will tell you that a tilting motion
disorders the stomach and acts upon the brain. Ask old Dr. Kite. I was
talking with him about your case only yesterday, and says he, ‘Mrs.
Magpie, I perfectly agree with you.’”

“But my husband prefers this style of building.”

“That’s only because he isn’t properly instructed. Pray, did you ever
attend Dr. Kite’s lectures on the nervous system?”

“No, I have no time to attend lectures. Who would set on the eggs?”

“Why, your husband, to be sure; don’t he take his turn in setting? If
he don’t, he ought to. I shall speak to him about it. My husband always
sets regularly half the time, that I might have time to go about and

“O Mrs. Magpie, pray don’t speak to my husband; he will think I’ve been

“No, no, he won’t! Let me alone. I understand just how to say the thing.
I’ve advised hundreds of young husbands in my day, and I never give

“But I tell you, Mrs. Magpie, I don’t want any interference between my
husband and me, and I will not have it,” says Mrs. Oriole, with her
little round eyes flashing with indignation.

“Don’t put yourself in a passion, my dear; the more you talk, the more
sure I am that your nervous system is running down, or you wouldn’t
forget good manners in this way. You’d better take my advice, for I
understand just what to do,”—and away sails Mother Magpie; and presently
young Oriole comes home, all in a flutter.

“I say, my dear, if you will persist in gossiping over our private family
matters with that old Mother Magpie—”

“My dear, I don’t gossip; she comes and bores me to death with talking,
and then goes off and mistakes what she has been saying for what I said.”

“But you must _cut_ her.”

“I try to, all I can; but she won’t _be_ cut.”

“It’s enough to make a bird swear,” said Tommy Oriole.

Tommy Oriole, to say the truth, had as good a heart as ever beat under
bird’s feathers; but then he had a weakness for concerts and general
society, because he was held to be, by all odds, the handsomest bird in
the woods, and sung like an angel; and so the truth was he didn’t confine
himself so much to the domestic nest as Tom Titmouse or Billy Wren. But
he determined that he wouldn’t have old Mother Magpie interfering with
his affairs.

“The fact is,” quoth Tommy, “I am a society bird, and Nature has marked
out for me a course beyond the range of the commonplace, and my wife
must learn to accommodate. If she has a brilliant husband, whose success
gratifies her ambition and places her in a distinguished public position,
she must pay something for it. I’m sure Billy Wren’s wife would give her
very bill to see her husband in the circles where I am quite at home. To
say the truth, my wife was all well enough content till old Mother Magpie
interfered. It is quite my duty to take strong ground, and show that I
cannot be dictated to.”

So, after this, Tommy Oriole went to rather more concerts, and spent less
time at home than ever he did before, which was all that Mother Magpie
effected in that quarter. I confess this was very bad in Tommy; but then
birds are no better than men in domestic matters, and sometimes will take
the most unreasonable courses, if a meddlesome Magpie gets her claw into
their nest.

But old Mother Magpie had now got a new business in hand in another
quarter. She bustled off down to Waterdock Lane, where, as we said in a
former narrative, lived the old music-teacher, Dr. Bullfrog. The poor
old Doctor was a simple-minded, good, amiable creature, who had played
the double-bass and led the forest choir on all public occasions since
nobody knows when. Latterly some youngsters had arisen who sneered at his
performances as behind the age. In fact, since a great city had grown
up in the vicinity of the forest, tribes of wandering boys broke up the
simple tastes and quiet habits which old Mother Nature had always kept
up in those parts. They pulled the young checkerberry before it even had
time to blossom, rooted up the sassafras shrubs and gnawed their roots,
fired off guns at the birds, and, on several occasions when old Dr.
Bullfrog was leading a concert, had dashed in and broken up the choir by
throwing stones.

This was not the worst of it. The little varlets had a way of jeering at
the simple old Doctor and his concerts, and mimicking the tones of his
bass-viol. “There you go, Paddy-go-donk, Paddy-go-donk—umph—chunk,” some
rascal of a boy would shout, while poor old Bullfrog’s yellow spectacles
would be bedewed with tears of honest indignation. In time, the jeers of
these little savages began to tell on the society in the forest, and to
corrupt their simple manners; and it was whispered among the younger and
more heavy birds and squirrels, that old Bullfrog was a bore, and that it
was time to get up a new style of music in the parish, and to give the
charge of it to some more modern performer.

Poor old Dr. Bullfrog knew nothing of this, however, and was doing his
simple best, in peace, when Mother Magpie called in upon him, one morning.


“Well, neighbor, how unreasonable people are! Who would have thought
that the youth of our generation should have no more consideration for
established merit? Now, for my part, _I_ think your music-teaching never
was better; and as for our choir, I maintain constantly that it never was
in better order, but—Well, one may wear her tongue out, but one can never
make these young folks listen to reason.”

“I really don’t understand you, ma’am,” said poor Dr. Bullfrog.

“What! you haven’t heard of a committee that is going to call on you, to
ask you to resign the care of the parish music?”

“Madam,” said Dr. Bullfrog, with all that energy of tone for which he was
remarkable, “I don’t believe it,—I _can’t_ believe it. You must have made
a mistake.”

“I mistake! No, no, my good friend; I never make mistakes. What I know,
I know certainly. Wasn’t it I that said I knew there was an engagement
between Tim Chipmunk and Nancy Nibble, who are married this blessed day?
I knew that thing six weeks before any bird or beast in our parts; and I
can tell you, you are going to be scandalously and ungratefully treated,
Dr. Bullfrog.”

“Bless me, we shall all be ruined!” said Mrs. Bullfrog; “my poor husband—”

“O, as to that, if you take things in time, and listen to my advice,”
said Mother Magpie, “we may yet pull you through. You must alter your
style a little,—adapt it to modern times. Everybody now is a little
touched with the operatic fever, and there’s Tommy Oriole has been to New
Orleans and brought back a touch of the artistic. If you would try his
style a little,—something Tyrolean, you see.”

“Dear madam, consider my voice. I never could hit the high notes.”

“How do you know? It’s all practice; Tommy Oriole says so. Just try the
scales. As to your voice, your manner of living has a great deal to do
with it. I always did tell you that your passion for water injured your
singing. Suppose Tommy Oriole should sit half his days up to his hips
in water, as you do,—his voice would be as hoarse and rough as yours.
Come up on the bank, and learn to perch, as we birds do. We are the true
musical race.”

And so, poor Mr. Bullfrog was persuaded to forego his pleasant little
cottage under the cat-tails, where his green spectacles and honest round
back had excited, even in the minds of the boys, sentiments of respect
and compassion. He came up into the garden, and established himself under
a burdock, and began to practise Italian scales.

The result was, that poor old Dr. Bullfrog, instead of being considered
as a respectable old bore, got himself universally laughed at for aping
fashionable manners. Every bird and beast in the forest had a gibe at
him; and even old Parson Too-Whit thought it worth his while to make him
a pastoral call, and admonish him about courses unbefitting his age and
standing. As to Mother Magpie, you may be sure that she assured every
one how sorry she was that dear old Dr. Bullfrog had made such a fool of
himself; if he had taken her advice, he would have kept on respectably as
a nice old Bullfrog should.

But the tragedy for the poor old music-teacher grew even more melancholy
in its termination; for one day as he was sitting disconsolately under a
currant-bush in the garden, practising his poor old notes in a quiet way,
_thump_ came a great blow of a hoe, which nearly broke his back.

“Hullo! what ugly beast have we got here?” said Tom Noakes, the
gardener’s boy. “Here, here, Wasp, my boy.”

What a fright for a poor, quiet, old Bullfrog, as little wiry, wicked
Wasp came at him, barking and yelping. He jumped with all his force sheer
over a patch of bushes into the river, and swam back to his old home
among the cat-tails. And always after that it was observable that he was
very low-spirited, and took very dark views of life; but nothing made him
so angry as any allusion to Mother Magpie, of whom, from that time, he
never spoke except as _Old Mother Mischief_.


Once upon a time a gentleman went out into a great forest, and cut away
the trees, and built there a very nice little cottage. It was set very
low on the ground, and had very large bow-windows, and so much of it was
glass that one could look through it on every side and see what was going
on in the forest. You could see the shadows of the fern-leaves, as they
flickered and wavered over the ground, and the scarlet partridge-berry
and wintergreen plums that matted round the roots of the trees, and
the bright spots of sunshine that fell through their branches and
went dancing about among the bushes and leaves at their roots. You
could see the little chipping sparrows and thrushes and robins and
bluebirds building their nests here and there among the branches, and
watch them from day to day as they laid their eggs and hatched their
young. You could also see red squirrels, and gray squirrels, and little
striped chip-squirrels, darting and springing about, here and there
and everywhere, running races with each other from bough to bough, and
chattering at each other in the gayest possible manner.

You may be sure that such a strange thing as a great mortal house for
human beings to live in did not come into this wild wood without making
quite a stir and excitement among the inhabitants that lived there
before. All the time it was building, there was the greatest possible
commotion in the breasts of all the older population; and there wasn’t
even a black ant, or a cricket, that did not have his own opinion about
it, and did not tell the other ants and crickets just what he thought the
world was coming to in consequence.

Old Mrs. Rabbit declared that the hammering and pounding made her
nervous, and gave her most melancholy forebodings of evil times. “Depend
upon it, children,” she said to her long-eared family, “no good will come
to us from this establishment. Where man is, there comes always trouble
for us poor rabbits.”

The old chestnut-tree, that grew on the edge of the woodland ravine,
drew a great sigh which shook all his leaves, and expressed it as his
conviction that no good would ever come of it,—a conviction that at once
struck to the heart of every chestnut-burr. The squirrels talked together
of the dreadful state of things that would ensue. “Why!” said old Father
Gray, “it’s evident that Nature made the nuts for us; but one of these
great human creatures will carry off and gormandize upon what would keep
a hundred poor families of squirrels in comfort.” Old Ground-mole said it
did not require very sharp eyes to see into the future, and it would just
end in bringing down the price of real estate in the whole vicinity,
so that every decent-minded and respectable quadruped would be obliged
to move away;—for his part, he was ready to sell out for anything he
could get. The bluebirds and bobolinks, it is true, took more cheerful
views of matters; but then, as old Mrs. Ground-mole observed, they were
a flighty set,—half their time careering and dissipating in the Southern
States,—and could not be expected to have that patriotic attachment
to their native soil that those had who had grubbed in it from their
earliest days.

“This race of man,” said the old chestnut-tree, “is never ceasing in
its restless warfare on Nature. In our forest solitudes, hitherto, how
peacefully, how quietly, how regularly has everything gone on! Not a
flower has missed its appointed time of blossoming, or failed to perfect
its fruit. No matter how hard has been the winter, how loud the winds
have roared, and how high the snow-banks have been piled, all has come
right again in spring. Not the least root has lost itself under the
snows, so as not to be ready with its fresh leaves and blossoms when
the sun returns to melt the frosty chains of winter. We have storms
sometimes that threaten to shake everything to pieces,—the thunder
roars, the lightning flashes, and the winds howl and beat; but, when
all is past, everything comes out better and brighter than before,—not
a bird is killed, not the frailest flower destroyed. But man comes,
and in one day he will make a desolation that centuries cannot repair.
Ignorant boor that he is, and all incapable of appreciating the glorious
works of Nature, it seems to be his glory to be able to destroy in a
few hours what it was the work of ages to produce. The noble oak, that
has been cut away to build this contemptible human dwelling, had a life
older and wiser than that of any man in this country. That tree has
seen generations of men come and go. It was a fresh young tree when
Shakespeare was born; it was hardly a middle-aged tree when he died; it
was growing here when the first ship brought the white men to our shores,
and hundreds and hundreds of those whom they call bravest, wisest,
strongest,—warriors, statesmen, orators, and poets,—have been born,
have grown up, lived, and died, while yet it has outlived them all. It
has seen more wisdom than the best of them; but two or three hours of
brutal strength sufficed to lay it low. Which of these dolts could make
a tree? I’d like to see them do anything like it. How noisy and clumsy
are all their movements,—chopping, pounding, rasping, hammering! And,
after all, what do they build? In the forest we do everything so quietly.
A tree would be ashamed of itself that could not get its growth without
making such a noise and dust and fuss. Our life is the perfection of good
manners. For my part, I feel degraded at the mere presence of these human
beings; but, alas! I am old;—a hollow place at my heart warns me of the
progress of decay, and probably it will be seized upon by these rapacious
creatures as an excuse for laying me as low as my noble green brother.”

In spite of all this disquiet about it, the little cottage grew and was
finished. The walls were covered with pretty paper, the floors carpeted
with pretty carpets; and, in fact, when it was all arranged, and the
garden walks laid out, and beds of flowers planted around, it began to be
confessed, even among the most critical, that it was not after all so bad
a thing as was to have been feared.

A black ant went in one day and made a tour of exploration up and down,
over chairs and tables, up the ceilings and down again, and, coming out,
wrote an article for the Crickets’ Gazette, in which he described the new
abode as a veritable palace. Several butterflies fluttered in and sailed
about and were wonderfully delighted, and then a bumble-bee and two or
three honey-bees, who expressed themselves well pleased with the house,
but more especially enchanted with the garden. In fact, when it was found
that the proprietors were very fond of the rural solitudes of Nature, and
had come out there for the purpose of enjoying them undisturbed,—that
they watched and spared the anemones, and the violets, and bloodroots,
and dog’s-tooth violets, and little woolly rolls of fern that began to
grow up under the trees in spring,—that they never allowed a gun to be
fired to scare the birds, and watched the building of their nests with
the greatest interest,—then an opinion in favor of human beings began
to gain ground, and every cricket and bird and beast was loud in their

“Mamma,” said young Tit-bit, a frisky young squirrel, to his mother one
day, “why won’t you let Frisky and me go into that pretty new cottage to

“My dear,” said his mother, who was a very wary and careful old squirrel,
“how can you think of it? The race of man are full of devices for traps
and pitfalls, and who could say what might happen, if you put yourself in
their power? If you had wings like the butterflies and bees, you might
fly in and out again, and so gratify your curiosity; but, as matters
stand, it’s best for you to keep well out of their way.”

“But mother, there is such a nice, good lady lives there! I believe
she is a good fairy, and she seems to love us all so; she sits in the
bow-window and watches us for hours, and she scatters corn all round at
the roots of the tree for us to eat.”

“She is nice enough,” said the old mother-squirrel, “if you keep far
enough off; but I tell you, you can’t be too careful.”

Now this good fairy that the squirrels discoursed about was a nice little
old lady that the children used to call Aunt Esther, and she was a dear
lover of birds and squirrels, and all sorts of animals, and had studied
their little ways till she knew just what would please them; and so she
would every day throw out crumbs for the sparrows, and little bits of
bread and wool and cotton to help the birds that were building their
nests, and would scatter corn and nuts for the squirrels; and while she
sat at her work in the bow-window she would smile to see the birds flying
away with the wool, and the squirrels nibbling their nuts. After a while
the birds grew so tame that they would hop into the bow-window, and eat
their crumbs off the carpet.

“There, mamma,” said Tit-bit and Frisky, “only see! Jenny Wren and Cock
Robin have been in at the bow-window, and it didn’t hurt them, and why
can’t we go?”

“Well, my dears,” said old Mother Squirrel, “you must do it very
carefully: never forget that you haven’t wings like Jenny Wren and Cock

So the next day Aunt Esther laid a train of corn from the roots of the
trees to the bow-window, and then from the bow-window to her work-basket,
which stood on the floor beside her; and then she put quite a handful of
corn in the work-basket, and sat down by it, and seemed intent on her
sewing. Very soon, creep, creep, creep, came Tit-bit and Frisky to the
window, and then into the room, just as sly and as still as could be,
and Aunt Esther sat just like a statue for fear of disturbing them.
They looked all around in high glee, and when they came to the basket it
seemed to them a wonderful little summer-house, made on purpose for them
to play in. They nosed about in it, and turned over the scissors and the
needle-book, and took a nibble at her white wax, and jostled the spools,
meanwhile stowing away the corn each side of their little chops, till
they both of them looked as if they had the mumps.

At last Aunt Esther put out her hand to touch them, when, whisk-frisk,
out they went, and up the trees, chattering and laughing before she had
time even to wink.

But after this they used to come in every day, and when she put corn in
her hand and held it very still they would eat out of it; and, finally,
they would get into her hand, until one day she gently closed it over
them, and Frisky and Tit-bit were fairly caught.

O, how their hearts beat! but the good fairy only spoke gently to them,
and soon unclosed her hand and let them go again. So, day after day, they
grew to have more and more faith in her, till they would climb into her
work-basket, sit on her shoulder, or nestle away in her lap as she sat
sewing. They made also long exploring voyages all over the house, up and
through all the chambers, till finally, I grieve to say, poor Frisky came
to an untimely end by being drowned in the water-tank at the top of the

The dear good fairy passed away from the house in time, and went to
a land where the flowers never fade, and the birds never die; but the
squirrels still continue to make the place a favorite resort.


“In fact, my dear,” said old Mother Red one winter to her mate, “what is
the use of one’s living in this cold, hollow tree, when these amiable
people have erected this pretty cottage where there is plenty of room
for us and them too? Now I have examined between the eaves, and there
is a charming place where we can store our nuts, and where we can whip
in and out of the garret, and have the free range of the house; and,
say what you will, these humans have delightful ways of being warm and
comfortable in winter.”

So Mr. and Mrs. Red set up housekeeping in the cottage, and had no end
of nuts and other good things stored up there. The trouble of all this
was, that, as Mrs. Red was a notable body, and got up to begin her
housekeeping operations, and woke up all her children, at four o’clock in
the morning, the good people often were disturbed by a great rattling and
fuss in the walls, while yet it seemed dark night. Then sometimes, too,
I grieve to say, Mrs. Squirrel would give her husband vigorous curtain
lectures in the night, which made him so indignant that he would rattle
off to another quarter of the garret to sleep by himself; and all this
broke the rest of the worthy people who built the house.

What is to be done about this we don’t know. What would you do about it?
Would you let the squirrels live in your house, or not? When our good
people come down of a cold winter morning, and see the squirrels dancing
and frisking down the trees, and chasing each other so merrily over the
garden-chair between them, or sitting with their tails saucily over their
backs, they look so jolly and jaunty and pretty that they almost forgive
them for disturbing their night’s rest, and think that they will not do
anything to drive them out of the garret to-day. And so it goes on; but
how long the squirrels will rent the cottage in this fashion, I’m sure I
dare not undertake to say.


At Rye Beach, during our summer’s vacation, there came, as there always
will to seaside visitors, two or three cold, chilly, rainy days,—days
when the skies that long had not rained a drop seemed suddenly to bethink
themselves of their remissness, and to pour down water, not by drops,
but by pailfuls. The chilly wind blew and whistled, the water dashed
along the ground, and careered in foamy rills along the roadside, and the
bushes bent beneath the constant flood. It was plain that there was to
be no sea-bathing on such a day, no walks, no rides; and so, shivering
and drawing our blanket-shawls close about us, we sat down to the window
to watch the storm outside. The rose-bushes under the window hung
dripping under their load of moisture, each spray shedding a constant
shower on the spray below it. On one of these lower sprays, under the
perpetual drip, what should we see but a poor little humming-bird, drawn
up into the tiniest shivering ball, and clinging with a desperate grasp
to his uncomfortable perch. A humming-bird we knew him to be at once,
though his feathers were so matted and glued down by the rain that he
looked not much bigger than a honey-bee, and as different as possible
from the smart, pert, airy little character that we had so often seen
flirting with the flowers. He was evidently a humming-bird in adversity,
and whether he ever would hum again looked to us exceedingly doubtful.
Immediately, however, we sent out to have him taken in. When the friendly
hand seized him, he gave a little, faint, watery squeak, evidently
thinking that his last hour was come, and that grim Death was about to
carry him off to the land of dead birds. What a time we had reviving
him,—holding the little wet thing in the warm hollow of our hands, and
feeling him shiver and palpitate! His eyes were fast closed; his tiny
claws, which looked slender as cobwebs, were knotted close to his body,
and it was long before one could feel the least motion in them. Finally,
to our great joy, we felt a brisk little kick, and then a flutter of
wings, and then a determined peck of the beak, which showed that there
was some bird left in him yet, and that he meant at any rate to find out
where he was.

Unclosing our hands a small space, out popped the little head with a pair
of round brilliant eyes. Then we bethought ourselves of feeding him, and
forthwith prepared him a stiff glass of sugar and water, a drop of which
we held to his bill. After turning his head attentively, like a bird who
knew what he was about and didn’t mean to be chaffed, he briskly put out
a long, flexible tongue, slightly forked at the end, and licked off the
comfortable beverage with great relish. Immediately he was pronounced
out of danger by the small humane society which had undertaken the
charge of his restoration, and we began to cast about for getting him a
settled establishment in our apartment. I gave up my work-box to him for
a sleeping-room, and it was medically ordered that he should take a nap.
So we filled the box with cotton, and he was formally put to bed with a
folded cambric handkerchief round his neck, to keep him from beating his
wings. Out of his white wrappings he looked forth green and grave as any
judge with his bright round eyes. Like a bird of discretion, he seemed to
understand what was being done to him, and resigned himself sensibly to
go to sleep.

The box was covered with a sheet of paper perforated with holes for
purposes of ventilation; for even humming-birds have a little pair of
lungs, and need their own little portion of air to fill them, so that
they may make bright scarlet little drops of blood to keep life’s fire
burning in their tiny bodies. Our bird’s lungs manufactured brilliant
blood, as we found out by experience; for in his first nap he contrived
to nestle himself into the cotton of which his bed was made, and to
get more of it than he needed into his long bill. We pulled it out as
carefully as we could, but there came out of his bill two round, bright,
scarlet, little drops of blood. Our chief medical authority looked grave,
pronounced a probable hemorrhage from the lungs, and gave him over at
once. We, less scientific, declared that we had only cut his little
tongue by drawing out the filaments of cotton, and that he would do well
enough in time,—as it afterward appeared he did,—for from that day there
was no more bleeding. In the course of the second day he began to take
short flights about the room, though he seemed to prefer to return to
us,—perching on our fingers or heads or shoulders, and sometimes choosing
to sit in this way for half an hour at a time. “These great giants,” he
seemed to say to himself, “are not bad people after all; they have a
comfortable way with them; how nicely they dried and warmed me! Truly a
bird might do worse than to live with them.”

So he made up his mind to form a fourth in the little company of three
that usually sat and read, worked and sketched, in that apartment, and
we christened him “Hum, the son of Buz.” He became an individuality, a
character, whose little doings formed a part of every letter, and some
extracts from these will show what some of his little ways were.

“Hum has learned to sit upon my finger, and eat his sugar and water
out of a teaspoon with most Christian-like decorum. He has but one
weakness,—he will occasionally jump into the spoon and sit in his sugar
and water, and then appear to wonder where it goes to. His plumage is
in rather a drabbled state, owing to these performances. I have sketched
him as he sat to-day on a bit of Spiræa which I brought in for him. When
absorbed in reflection, he sits with his bill straight up in the air, as
I have drawn him. Mr. A⸺ reads Macaulay to us, and you should see the
wise air with which, perched on Jenny’s thumb, he cocked his head now
one side and then the other, apparently listening with most critical
attention. His confidence in us seems unbounded; he lets us stroke his
head, smooth his feathers, without a flutter; and is never better pleased
than sitting, as he has been doing all this while, on my hand, turning up
his bill, and watching my face with great edification.

“I have just been having a sort of maternal struggle to make him go
to bed in his box; but he evidently considers himself sufficiently
convalescent to make a stand for his rights as a bird, and so scratched
indignantly out of his wrappings, and set himself up to roost on the
edge of the box, with an air worthy of a turkey, at the very least.
Having brought in a lamp, he has opened his eyes round and wide, and sits
cocking his little head at me reflectively.”

When the weather cleared away, and the sun came out bright, Hum became
entirely well, and seemed resolved to take the measure of his new life
with us. Our windows were closed in the lower part of the sash by frames
with mosquito gauze, so that the sun and air found free admission, and
yet our little rover could not pass out. On the first sunny day he took
an exact survey of our apartment from ceiling to floor, humming about,
examining every point with his bill,—all the crevices, mouldings, each
little indentation in the bed-posts, each window-pane, each chair and
stand; and, as it was a very simply furnished seaside apartment, his
scrutiny was soon finished. We wondered, at first, what this was all
about; but, on watching him more closely, we found that he was actively
engaged in getting his living, by darting out his long tongue hither
and thither, and drawing in all the tiny flies and insects which in
summer-time are to be found in an apartment. In short, we found that,
though the nectar of flowers was his dessert, yet he had his roast beef
and mutton-chop to look after, and that his bright, brilliant blood was
not made out of a simple vegetarian diet. Very shrewd and keen he was,
too, in measuring the size of insects before he attempted to swallow
them. The smallest class were whisked off with lightning speed; but about
larger ones he would sometimes wheel and hum for some minutes, darting
hither and thither, and surveying them warily; and if satisfied that
they could be carried, he would come down with a quick, central dart
which would finish the unfortunate at a snap. The larger flies seemed to
irritate him,—especially when they intimated to him that his plumage
was sugary, by settling on his wings and tail; when he would lay about
him spitefully, wielding his bill like a sword. A grasshopper that
strayed in, and was sunning himself on the window-seat, gave him great
discomposure. Hum evidently considered him an intruder, and seemed to
long to make a dive at him; but, with characteristic prudence, confined
himself to threatening movements, which did not exactly hit. He saw
evidently that he could not swallow him whole, and what might ensue from
trying him piecemeal he wisely forbore to essay.

Hum had his own favorite places and perches. From the first day he chose
for his nightly roost a towel-line which had been drawn across the corner
over the wash-stand, where he every night established himself with one
claw in the edge of the towel and the other clasping the line, and,
ruffling up his feathers till he looked like a little chestnut-burr, he
would resign himself to the soundest sleep. He did not tuck his head
under his wing, but seemed to sink it down between his shoulders, with
his bill almost straight up in the air. One evening one of us, going to
use the towel, jarred the line, and soon after found that Hum had been
thrown from his perch, and was hanging head downward, fast asleep, still
clinging to the line. Another evening, being discomposed by somebody
coming to the towel-line after he had settled himself, he fluttered off;
but so sleepy that he had not discretion to poise himself again, and was
found clinging, like a little bunch of green floss silk, to the mosquito
netting of the window.

A day after this we brought in a large green bough, and put it up over
the looking-glass. Hum noticed it before it had been there five minutes,
flew to it, and began a regular survey, perching now here, now there,
till he seemed to find a twig that exactly suited him; and after that
he roosted there every night. Who does not see in this change all the
signs of reflection and reason that are shown by us in thinking over our
circumstances, and trying to better them? It seemed to say in so many
words: “That towel-line is an unsafe place for a bird; I get frightened,
and wake from bad dreams to find myself head downwards; so I will find a
better roost on this twig.”

When our little Jenny one day put on a clean white muslin gown
embellished with red sprigs, Hum flew towards her, and with his bill made
instant examination of these new appearances; and one day, being very
affectionately disposed, perched himself on her shoulder, and sat some
time. On another occasion, while Mr. A⸺ was reading, Hum established
himself on the top of his head just over the middle of his forehead,
in the precise place where our young belles have lately worn stuffed
humming-birds, making him look as if dressed out for a party. Hum’s
most favorite perch was the back of the great rocking-chair, which,
being covered by a tidy, gave some hold into which he could catch his
little claws. There he would sit, balancing himself cleverly if its
occupant chose to swing to and fro, and seeming to be listening to the
conversation or reading.

Hum had his different moods, like human beings. On cold, cloudy, gray
days he appeared to be somewhat depressed in spirits, hummed less about
the room, and sat humped up with his feathers ruffled, looking as much
like a bird in a great-coat as possible. But on hot, sunny days, every
feather sleeked itself down, and his little body looked natty and trim,
his head alert, his eyes bright, and it was impossible to come near him,
for his agility. Then let mosquitoes and little flies look about them!
Hum snapped them up without mercy, and seemed to be all over the ceiling
in a moment, and resisted all our efforts at any personal familiarity
with a saucy alacrity.

Hum had his established institutions in our room, the chief of which
was a tumbler with a little sugar and water mixed in it, and a spoon
laid across, out of which he helped himself whenever he felt in the
mood,—sitting on the edge of the tumbler, and dipping his long bill,
and lapping with his little forked tongue like a kitten. When he found
his spoon accidentally dry, he would stoop over and dip his bill in the
water in the tumbler,—which caused the prophecy on the part of some
of his guardians, that he would fall in some day and be drowned. For
which reason it was agreed to keep only an inch in depth of the fluid
at the bottom of the tumbler. A wise precaution this proved; for the
next morning I was awaked, not by the usual hum over my head, but by
a sharp little flutter, and found Mr. Hum beating his wings in the
tumbler,—having actually tumbled in during his energetic efforts to get
his morning coffee before I was awake.


Hum seemed perfectly happy and satisfied in his quarters,—but one day,
when the door was left open, made a dart out, and so into the open
sunshine. Then, to be sure, we thought we had lost him. We took the
mosquito netting out of all the windows, and, setting his tumbler of
sugar and water in a conspicuous place, went about our usual occupations.
We saw him joyous and brisk among the honeysuckles outside the window,
and it was gravely predicted that he would return no more. But at
dinner-time in came Hum, familiar as possible, and sat down to his spoon
as if nothing had happened; instantly we closed our windows and had him
secure once more.

At another time I was going to ride to the Atlantic House, about a mile
from my boarding-place. I left all secure, as I supposed, at home. While
gathering moss on the walls there, I was surprised by a little green
humming-bird flying familiarly right towards my face, and humming above
my head. I called out, “Here is Hum’s very brother.” But, on returning
home, I saw that the door of the room was open, and Hum was gone. Now
certainly we gave him up for lost. I sat down to painting, and in a few
minutes in flew Hum, and settled on the edge of my tumbler in a social,
confidential way, which seemed to say, “O, you’ve got back then.” After
taking his usual drink of sugar and water, he began to fly about the
ceiling as usual, and we gladly shut him in.

When our five weeks at the seaside were up, and it was time to go home,
we had great questionings what was to be done with Hum. To get him home
with us was our desire,—but who ever heard of a humming-bird travelling
by railroad? Great were the consultings; a little basket of Indian work
was filled up with cambric handkerchiefs, and a bottle of sugar and water
provided, and we started with him for a day’s journey. When we arrived at
night the first care was to see what had become of Hum, who had not been
looked at since we fed him with sugar and water in Boston. We found him
alive and well, but so dead asleep that we could not wake him to roost;
so we put him to bed on a toilet cushion, and arranged his tumbler for
morning. The next day found him alive and humming, exploring the room
and pictures, perching now here and now there; but, as the weather was
chilly, he sat for the most part of the time in a humped-up state on the
tip of a pair of stag’s horns. We moved him to a more sunny apartment;
but, alas! the equinoctial storm came on, and there was no sun to be had
for days. Hum was blue; the pleasant seaside days were over; his room
was lonely, the pleasant three that had enlivened the apartment at Rye
no longer came in and out; evidently he was lonesome, and gave way to
depression. One chilly morning he managed again to fall into his tumbler,
and wet himself through; and notwithstanding warm bathings and tender
nursings, the poor little fellow seemed to get diphtheria, or something
quite as bad for humming-birds.

We carried him to a neighboring sunny parlor, where ivy embowers all the
walls, and the sun lies all day. There he revived a little, danced up
and down, perched on a green spray that was wreathed across the breast
of a Psyche, and looked then like a little flitting soul returning to
its rest. Towards evening he drooped; and, having been nursed and warmed
and cared for, he was put to sleep on a green twig laid on the piano. In
that sleep the little head drooped—nodded—fell; and little Hum went where
other bright dreams go,—to the Land of the Hereafter.


We have just built our house in rather an out-of-the-way place,—on
the bank of a river, and under the shade of a patch of woods which is
a veritable remain of quite an ancient forest. The checkerberry and
partridge-plum, with their glossy green leaves and scarlet berries, still
carpet the ground under its deep shadows; and prince’s-pine and other
kindred evergreens declare its native wildness,—for these are children of
the wild woods, that never come after plough and harrow has once broken a

When we tried to look out the spot for our house, we had to get a
surveyor to go before us and cut a path through the dense underbrush that
was laced together in a general network of boughs and leaves, and grew so
high as to overtop our heads. Where the house stands, four or five great
old oaks and chestnuts had to be cut away to let it in; and now it stands
on the bank of the river, the edges of which are still overhung with old
forest-trees, chestnuts and oaks, which look at themselves in the glassy

A little knoll near the house was chosen for a garden-spot; a dense,
dark mass of trees above, of bushes in mid-air, and of all sorts of
ferns and wild-flowers and creeping vines on the ground. All these had
to be cleared out, and a dozen great trees cut down and dragged off to
a neighboring saw-mill, there to be transformed into boards to finish
off our house. Then, fetching a great machine, such as might be used
to pull a giant’s teeth, with ropes, pulleys, oxen, and men, and might
and main, we pulled out the stumps, with their great prongs and their
network of roots and fibres; and then, alas! we had to begin with all the
pretty wild, lovely bushes, and the checkerberries and ferns and wild
blackberries and huckleberry-bushes, and dig them up remorselessly, that
we might plant our corn and squashes. And so we got a house and a garden
right out of the heart of our piece of wild wood, about a mile from the
city of H⸺.

Well, then, people said it was a lonely place, and far from neighbors,—by
which they meant that it was a good way for them to come to see us. But
we soon found that whoever goes into the woods to live finds neighbors of
a new kind, and some to whom it is rather hard to become accustomed.

For instance, on a fine day early in April, as we were crossing over to
superintend the building of our house, we were startled by a striped
snake, with his little bright eyes, raising himself to look at us, and
putting out his red, forked tongue. Now there is no more harm in these
little garden-snakes than there is in a robin or a squirrel; they are
poor little, peaceable, timid creatures, which could not do any harm if
they would; but the prejudices of society are so strong against them,
that one does not like to cultivate too much intimacy with them. So
we tried to turn out of our path into a tangle of bushes; and there,
instead of one, we found four snakes. We turned on the other side, and
there were two more. In short, everywhere we looked, the dry leaves were
rustling and coiling with them; and we were in despair. In vain we said
that they were harmless as kittens, and tried to persuade ourselves
that their little bright eyes were pretty, and that their serpentine
movements were in the exact line of beauty; for the life of us, we could
not help remembering their family name and connections; we thought of
those disagreeable gentlemen, the anacondas, the rattlesnakes, and the
copperheads, and all of that bad line, immediate family friends of the
old serpent to whom we are indebted for all the mischief that is done
in this world. So we were quite apprehensive when we saw how our new
neighborhood was infested by them, until a neighbor calmed our fears
by telling us that snakes always crawled out of their holes to sun
themselves in the spring, and that in a day or two they would all be gone.

So it proved. It was evident they were all out merely to do their spring
shopping, or something that serves with them the same purpose that
spring shopping does with us; and where they went afterwards we do not
know. People speak of snakes’ holes, and we have seen them disappearing
into such subterranean chambers; but we never opened one to see what sort
of underground housekeeping went on there. After the first few days of
spring, a snake was a rare visitor, though now and then one appeared.

One was discovered taking his noontide repast one day in a manner which
excited much prejudice. He was, in fact, regaling himself by sucking down
into his maw a small frog, which he had begun to swallow at the toes, and
had drawn about half down. The frog, it must be confessed, seemed to view
this arrangement with great indifference, making no struggle, and sitting
solemnly, with his great unwinking eyes, to be sucked in at the leisure
of his captor. There was immense sympathy, however, excited for him in
the family circle; and it was voted that a snake which indulged in such
very disagreeable modes of eating his dinner was not to be tolerated in
our vicinity. So I have reason to believe that that was his last meal.

Another of our wild woodland neighbors made us some trouble. It was no
other than a veritable woodchuck, whose hole we had often wondered at
when we were scrambling through the underbrush after spring flowers.
The hole was about the size of a peck-measure, and had two openings
about six feet apart. The occupant was a gentleman we never had had the
pleasure of seeing; but we soon learned his existence from his ravages in
our garden. He had a taste, it appears, for the very kind of things we
wanted to eat ourselves, and helped himself without asking. We had a row
of fine, crisp heads of lettuce, which were the pride of our gardening,
and out of which he would from day to day select for his table just the
plants we had marked for ours. He also nibbled our young beans; and so at
last we were reluctantly obliged to let John Gardiner set a trap for him.
Poor old simple-minded hermit, he was too artless for this world! He was
caught at the very first snap, and found dead in the trap,—the agitation
and distress having broken his poor woodland heart, and killed him. We
were grieved to the very soul when the poor fat old fellow was dragged
out, with his useless paws standing up stiff and imploring. As it was, he
was given to Denis, our pig, which, without a single scruple of delicacy,
ate him up as thoroughly as he ate up the lettuce.

This business of eating, it appears, must go on all through creation. We
eat ducks, turkeys, and chickens, though we don’t swallow them whole,
feathers and all. Our four-footed friends, less civilized, take things
with more directness and simplicity, and chew each other up without
ceremony, or swallow each other alive. Of these unceremonious habits we
had other instances.

Our house had a central court on the southern side, into which looked
the library, dining-room, and front hall, as well as several of the
upper chambers. It was designed to be closed in with glass, to serve as
a conservatory in winter; and meanwhile we had filled it with splendid
plumy ferns, taken up out of the neighboring wood. In the centre was a
fountain surrounded by stones, shells, mosses, and various water-plants.
We had bought three little goldfish to swim in our basin; and the spray
of it, as it rose in the air and rippled back into the water, was the
pleasantest possible sound of a hot day. We used to lie on the sofa
in the hall, and look into the court, and fancy we saw some scene of
fairy-land, and water-sprites coming up from the fountain. Suddenly a
new-comer presented himself,—no other than an immense bullfrog, that had
hopped up from the neighboring river, apparently with a view to making a
permanent settlement in and about our fountain. He was to be seen, often
for hours, sitting reflectively on the edge of it, beneath the broad
shadow of the calla-leaves. When sometimes missed thence, he would be
found under the ample shield of a great bignonia, whose striped leaves
grew hard by.


The family were prejudiced against him. What did he want there? It was
surely some sinister motive impelled him. He was probably watching for
an opportunity to gobble up the goldfish. We took his part, however,
and strenuously defended his moral character, and patronized him in
all ways. We gave him the name of Unke, and maintained that he was a
well-conducted, philosophical old water-sprite, who showed his good taste
in wanting to take up his abode in our conservatory. We even defended his
personal appearance, praised the invisible-green coat which he wore on
his back, and his gray vest, and solemn gold spectacles; and though he
always felt remarkably slimy when we touched him, yet, as he would sit
still, and allow us to stroke his head and pat his back, we concluded his
social feelings might be warm, notwithstanding a cold exterior. Who knew,
after all, but he might be a beautiful young prince, enchanted there
till the princess should come to drop the golden ball into the fountain,
and so give him a chance to marry her, and turn into a man again? Such
things, we are credibly informed, are matters of frequent occurrence in
Germany. Why not here?

By and by there came to our fountain another visitor,—a frisky, green
young frog of the identical kind spoken of by the poet:—

    “There was a frog lived in a well,
    Rig dum pully metakimo.”

This thoughtless, dapper individual, with his bright green coat, his
faultless white vest, and sea-green tights, became rather the popular
favorite. He seemed just rakish and gallant enough to fulfil the
conditions of the song:—

    “The frog he would a courting ride,
    With sword and pistol by his side.”

This lively young fellow, whom we shall Cri-Cri, like other frisky and
gay young people, carried the day quite over the head of the solemn old
philosopher under the calla-leaves. At night, when all was still, he
would trill a joyous little note in his throat, while old Unke would
answer only with a cracked gutteral more singular than agreeable; and to
all outward appearance the two were as good friends as their different
natures would allow.

One day, however, the conservatory became a scene of a tragedy of the
deepest dye. We were summoned below by shrieks and howls of horror. “Do
pray come down and see what this vile, nasty, horrid old frog has been
doing!” Down we came; and there sat our virtuous old philosopher, with
his poor little brother’s hind legs still sticking out of the corner
of his mouth, as if he were smoking them for a cigar, all helplessly
palpitating as they were. In fact, our solemn old friend had done what
many a solemn hypocrite before has done,—swallowed his poor brother, neck
and crop,—and sat there with the most brazen indifference, looking as if
he had done the most proper and virtuous thing in the world.

Immediately he was marched out of the conservatory at the point of the
walking-stick, and made to hop down into the river, into whose waters
he splashed; and we saw him no more. We regret to say that the popular
indignation was so precipitate in its results; otherwise the special
artist who sketched Hum, the son of Buz, intended to have made a sketch
of the old villain, as he sat with his luckless victim’s hind legs
projecting from his solemn mouth. With all his moral faults, he was a
good sitter, and would probably have sat immovable any length of time
that could be desired.

Of other woodland neighbors there were some which we saw occasionally.
The shores of the river were lined here and there with the holes of the
muskrats; and, in rowing by their settlements, we were sometimes strongly
reminded of them by the overpowering odor of the perfume from which they
get their name. There were also owls, whose nests were high up in some of
the old chestnut-trees. Often in the lonely hours of the night we could
hear them gibbering with a sort of wild, hollow laugh among the distant
trees. But one tenant of the woods made us some trouble in the autumn.
It was a little flying-squirrel, who took to making excursions into
our house in the night season, coming down chimney into the chambers,
rustling about among the clothes, cracking nuts or nibbling at any
morsels of anything that suited his fancy. For a long time the inmates of
the rooms were awakened in the night by mysterious noises, thumps, and
rappings, and so lighted candles, and searched in vain to find whence
they came; for the moment any movement was made, the rogue whipped up
chimney, and left us a prey to the most mysterious alarms. What could it

But one night our fine gentleman bounced in at the window of another
room, which had no fireplace; and the fair occupant, rising in the night,
shut the window, without suspecting that she had cut off the retreat
of any of her woodland neighbors. The next morning she was startled by
what she thought a gray rat running past her bed. She rose to pursue
him, when he ran up the wall, and clung against the plastering, showing
himself very plainly a gray flying-squirrel, with large, soft eyes, and
wings which consisted of a membrane uniting the fore paws to the hind
ones, like those of a bat. He was chased into the conservatory, and, a
window being opened, out he flew upon the ground, and made away for his
native woods, and thus put an end to many fears as to the nature of our
nocturnal rappings.

So you see how many neighbors we found by living in the woods, and, after
all, no worse ones than are found in the great world.



We who live in Cunopolis are a dog-loving family. We have a warm side
towards everything that goes upon four paws, and the consequence has been
that, taking things first and last, we have been always kept in confusion
and under the paw, so to speak, of some honest four-footed tyrant, who
would go beyond his privilege and overrun the whole house. Years ago
this begun, when our household consisted of a papa, a mamma, and three
or four noisy boys and girls, and a kind Miss Anna who acted as a second
mamma to the whole. There was also one more of our number, the youngest,
dear little bright-eyed Charley, who was king over us all, and rode in a
wicker wagon for a chariot, and had a nice little nurse devoted to him;
and it was through him that our first dog came.

One day Charley’s nurse took him quite a way to a neighbor’s house to
spend the afternoon; and, he being well amused, they stayed till after
nightfall. The kind old lady of the mansion was concerned that the little
prince in his little coach, with his little maid, had to travel so far
in the twilight shadows, and so she called a big dog named Carlo, and
gave the establishment into his charge.

Carlo was a great, tawny-yellow mastiff, as big as a calf, with great,
clear, honest eyes, and stiff, wiry hair; and the good lady called him to
the side of the little wagon, and said, “Now, Carlo, you must take good
care of Charley, and you mustn’t let anything hurt him.”

Carlo wagged his tail in promise of protection, and away he trotted, home
with the wicker wagon; and when he arrived, he was received with so much
applause by four little folks, who dearly loved the very sight of a dog,
he was so stroked and petted and caressed, that he concluded that he
liked the place better than the home he came from, where were only very
grave elderly people. He tarried all night, and slept at the foot of the
boys’ bed, who could hardly go to sleep for the things they found to say
to him, and who were awake ever so early in the morning, stroking his
rough, tawny back, and hugging him.

At his own home Carlo had a kennel all to himself, where he was expected
to live quite alone, and do duty by watching and guarding the place.
Nobody petted him, or stroked his rough hide, or said, “Poor dog!” to
him, and so it appears he had a feeling that he was not appreciated,
and liked our warm-hearted little folks, who told him stories, gave him
half of their own supper, and took him to bed with them sociably. Carlo
was a dog that had a mind of his own, though he couldn’t say much about
it, and in his dog fashion proclaimed his likes and dislikes quite as
strongly as if he could speak. When the time came for taking him home,
he growled and showed his teeth dangerously at the man who was sent for
him, and it was necessary to drag him back by force, and tie him into
his kennel. However, he soon settled that matter by gnawing the rope
in two and padding down again and appearing among his little friends,
quite to their delight. Two or three times was he taken back and tied
or chained; but he howled so dismally, and snapped at people in such a
misanthropic manner, that finally the kind old lady thought it better to
have no dog at all than a dog soured by blighted affection. So she loosed
his rope, and said, “There, Carlo, go and stay where you like”; and so
Carlo came to us, and a joy and delight was he to all in the house. He
loved one and all; but he declared himself as more than all the slave
and property of our little Prince Charley. He would lie on the floor as
still as a door-mat, and let him pull his hair, and roll over him, and
examine his eyes with his little fat fingers; and Carlo submitted to all
these personal freedoms with as good an understanding as papa himself.
When Charley slept, Carlo stretched himself along under the crib; rising
now and then, and standing with his broad breast on a level with the
slats of the crib, he would look down upon him with an air of grave
protection. He also took a great fancy to papa, and would sometimes pat
with tiptoe care into his study, and sit quietly down by him when he was
busy over his Greek or Latin books, waiting for a word or two of praise
or encouragement. If none came, he would lay his rough horny paw on his
knee, and look in his face with such an honest, imploring expression,
that the professor was forced to break off to say, “Why, Carlo, you
poor, good, honest fellow,—did he want to be talked to?—so he did. Well,
he shall be talked to;—he’s a nice, good dog”;—and during all these
praises Carlo’s transports and the thumps of his rough tail are not to be


He had great, honest yellowish-brown eyes,—not remarkable for their
beauty, but which used to look as if he longed to speak, and he seemed
to have a yearning for praise and love and caresses that even all our
attentions could scarcely satisfy. His master would say to him sometimes,
“Carlo, you poor, good, homely dog,—how loving you are!”

Carlo was a full-blooded mastiff, and his beauty, if he had any,
consisted in his having all the good points of his race. He was a dog of
blood, come of real old mastiff lineage; his stiff, wiry hair, his big,
rough paws, and great brawny chest, were all made for strength rather
than beauty; but for all that he was a dog of tender sentiments. Yet, if
any one intruded on his rights and dignities, Carlo showed that he had
hot blood in him; his lips would go back, and show a glistening row of
ivories, that one would not like to encounter, and if any trenched on
his privileges, he would give a deep warning growl,—as much as to say,
“I am your slave for love, but you must treat me well, or I shall be
dangerous.” A blow he would not bear from any one: the fire would flash
from his great yellow eyes, and he would snap like a rifle;—yet he would
let his own Prince Charley pound on his ribs with both baby fists, and
pull his tail till he yelped, without even a show of resistance.

At last came a time when the merry voice of little Charley was heard no
more, and his little feet no more pattered through the halls; he lay pale
and silent in his little crib, with his dear life ebbing away, and no one
knew how to stop its going. Poor old Carlo lay under the crib when they
would let him, sometimes rising up to look in with an earnest, sorrowful
face; and sometimes he would stretch himself out in the entry before the
door of little Charley’s room, watching with his great open eyes lest the
thief should come in the night to steal away our treasure.

But one morning when the children woke, one little soul had gone in the
night,—gone upward to the angels; and then the cold, pale little form
that used to be the life of the house was laid away tenderly in the yard
of a neighboring church.

Poor old Carlo would pit-pat silently about the house in those days of
grief, looking first into one face and then another, but no one could
tell him where his gay little master had gone. The other children had hid
the baby-wagon away in the lumber-room lest their mamma should see it;
and so passed a week or two, and Carlo saw no trace of Charley about the
house. But then a lady in the neighborhood, who had a sick baby, sent to
borrow the wicker wagon, and it was taken from its hiding-place to go to
her. Carlo came to the door just as it was being drawn out of the gate
into the street. Immediately he sprung, cleared the fence with a great
bound, and ran after it. He overtook it, and poked his nose between the
curtains,—there was no one there. Immediately he turned away, and padded
dejectedly home. What words could have spoken plainer of love and memory
than this one action?

Carlo lived with us a year after this, when a time came for the whole
family hive to be taken up and moved away from the flowery banks of the
Ohio, to the piny shores of Maine. All our household goods were being
uprooted, disordered, packed, and sold; and the question daily arose,
“What shall we do with Carlo?” There was hard begging on the part of the
boys that he might go with them, and one even volunteered to travel all
the way in baggage cars to keep Carlo company. But papa said no, and so
it was decided to send Carlo up the river to the home of a very genial
lady who had visited in our family, and who appreciated his parts, and
offered him a home in hers.

The matter was anxiously talked over one day in the family circle while
Carlo lay under the table, and it was agreed that papa and Willie should
take him to the steamboat landing the next morning. But the next morning
Mr. Carlo was nowhere to be found. In vain was he called, from garret
to cellar; nor was it till papa and Willie had gone to the city that he
came out of his hiding-place. For two or three days it was impossible to
catch him, but after a while his suspicions were laid, and we learned not
to speak out our plans in his presence, and so the transfer at last was
prosperously effected.

We heard from him once in his new home, as being a highly appreciated
member of society, and adorning his new situation with all sorts of dog
virtues, while we wended our ways to the coast of Maine. But our hearts
were sore for want of him; the family circle seemed incomplete, until a
new favorite appeared to take his place, of which I shall tell you next


A neighbor, blessed with an extensive litter of Newfoundland pups,
commenced one chapter in our family history by giving us a puppy, brisk,
funny, and lively enough, who was received in our house with acclamations
of joy, and christened “Rover.” An auspicious name we all thought,
for his four or five human playfellows were all rovers,—rovers in the
woods, rovers by the banks of a neighboring patch of water, where they
dashed and splashed, made rafts, inaugurated boats, and lived among the
cat-tails and sweet flags as familiarly as so many muskrats. Rovers also
they were, every few days, down to the shores of the great sea, where
they caught fish, rowed boats, dug clams,—both girls and boys,—and one
sex quite as handily as the other. Rover came into such a lively circle
quite as one of them, and from the very first seemed to regard himself
as part and parcel of all that was going on, in doors or out. But his
exuberant spirits at times brought him into sad scrapes. His vivacity was
such as to amount to decided insanity,—and mamma and Miss Anna and papa
had many grave looks over his capers. Once he actually tore off the leg
of a new pair of trousers that Johnny had just donned, and came racing
home with it in his mouth, with its bare-legged little owner behind,
screaming threats and maledictions on the robber. What a commotion!
The new trousers had just been painfully finished, in those days when
sewing was sewing, and not a mere jig on a sewing-machine; but Rover,
so far from being abashed or ashamed, displayed an impish glee in his
performance, bounding and leaping hither and thither with his trophy in
his mouth, now growling and mangling it, and shaking it at us in elfish
triumph as we chased him hither and thither,—over the wood-pile, into the
wood-house, through the barn, out of the stable door,—vowing all sorts
of dreadful punishments when we caught him. But we might well say that,
for the little wretch would never be caught; after one of his tricks, he
always managed to keep himself out of arm’s length till the thing was a
little blown over, when in he would come, airy as ever, and wagging his
little pudgy puppy tail with an air of the most perfect assurance in the

There is no saying what youthful errors were pardoned to him. Once he
ate a hole in the bed-quilt as his night’s employment, when one of
the boys had surreptitiously got him into bed with them; he nibbled
and variously maltreated sundry sheets; and once actually tore up and
chewed off a corner of the bedroom carpet, to stay his stomach during the
night season. What he did it for, no mortal knows; certainly it could
not be because he was hungry, for there were five little pairs of hands
incessantly feeding him from morning till night. Beside which, he had a
boundless appetite for shoes, which he mumbled, and shook, and tore, and
ruined, greatly to the vexation of their rightful owners,—rushing in and
carrying them from the bedsides in the night-watches, racing off with
them to any out-of-the-way corner that hit his fancy, and leaving them
when he was tired of the fun. So there is no telling of the disgrace into
which he brought his little masters and mistresses, and the tears and
threats and scoldings which were all wasted on him, as he would stand
quite at his ease, lolling out his red, saucy tongue, and never deigning
to tell what he had done with his spoils.

Notwithstanding all these sins, Rover grew up to dog-hood, the pride and
pet of the family,—and in truth a very handsome dog he was.


It is quite evident from his looks that his Newfoundland blood had been
mingled with that of some other races; for he never attained the full
size of that race, and his points in some respects resembled those of a
good setter. He was grizzled black and white, and spotted on the sides in
little inky drops about the size of a three-cent piece; his hair was long
and silky, his ears beautifully fringed, and his tail long and feathery.
His eyes were bright, soft, and full of expression, and a jollier,
livelier, more loving creature never wore dog-skin. To be sure, his
hunting blood sometimes brought us and him into scrapes. A neighbor now
and then would call with a bill for ducks, chickens, or young turkeys,
which Rover had killed. The last time this occurred it was decided that
something must be done; so Rover was shut up a whole day in a cold
lumber-room, with the murdered duck tied round his neck. Poor fellow! how
dejected and ashamed he looked, and how grateful he was when his little
friends would steal in to sit with him, and “poor” him in his disgrace!
The punishment so improved his principles that he let poultry alone from
that time, except now and then, when he would snap up a young chick or
turkey, in pure absence of mind, before he really knew what he was about.
We had great dread lest he should take to killing sheep, of which there
were many flocks in the neighborhood. A dog which once kills sheep is
a doomed beast,—as much as a man who has committed murder; and if our
Rover, through the hunting blood that was in him, should once mistake a
sheep for a deer, and kill him, we should be obliged to give him up to
justice,—all his good looks and good qualities could not save him.

What anxieties his training under this head cost us! When we were driving
out along the clean sandy roads, among the piny groves of Maine, it was
half our enjoyment to see Rover, with ears and tail wild and flying
with excitement and enjoyment, bounding and barking, now on this side
the carriage, now on that,—now darting through the woods straight as
an arrow, in his leaps after birds or squirrels, and anon returning to
trot obediently by the carriage, and, wagging his tail, to ask applause
for his performances. But anon a flock of sheep appeared in a distant
field, and away would go Rover in full bow-wow, plunging in among them,
scattering them hither and thither in dire confusion. Then Johnny and
Bill and all hands would spring from the carriage in full chase of
the rogue; and all of us shouted vainly in the rear; and finally the
rascal would be dragged back, panting and crestfallen, to be admonished,
scolded, and cuffed with salutary discipline, heartily administered by
his best friends for the sake of saving his life. “Rover, you naughty
dog! Don’t you know you mustn’t chase the sheep? You’ll be killed,
some of these days.” Admonitions of this kind, well shaken and thumped
in, at last seemed to reform him thoroughly. He grew so conscientious,
that, when a flock of sheep appeared on the side of the road, he would
immediately go to the other side of the carriage, and turn away his head,
rolling up his eyes meanwhile to us for praise at his extraordinary good
conduct. “Good dog, Rove! nice dog! good fellow! he doesn’t touch the
sheep,—no, he doesn’t.” Such were the rewards of virtue which sweetened
his self-denial; hearing which, he would plume up his feathery tail, and
loll out his tongue, with an air of virtuous assurance quite edifying to

Another of Rover’s dangers was a habit he had of running races and
cutting capers with the railroad engines as they passed near our dwelling.

We lived in plain sight of the track, and three or four times a day the
old, puffing, smoky iron horse thundered by, dragging his trains of cars,
and making the very ground shake under him. Rover never could resist
the temptation to run and bark, and race with so lively an antagonist;
and, to say the truth, John and Willy were somewhat of his mind,—so
that, though they were directed to catch and hinder him, they entered
so warmly into his own feelings that they never succeeded in breaking
up the habit. Every day when the distant whistle was heard, away would
go Rover, out of the door or through the window,—no matter which,—race
down to meet the cars, couch down on the track in front of them, barking
with all his might, as if it were only a fellow-dog, and when they came
so near that escape seemed utterly impossible, he would lie flat down
between the rails and suffer the whole train to pass over him, and then
jump up and bark, full of glee, in the rear. Sometimes he varied this
performance more dangerously by jumping out full tilt between two middle
cars when the train had passed half-way over him. Everybody predicted,
of course, that he would be killed or maimed, and the loss of a paw, or
of his fine, saucy tail, was the least of the dreadful things which were
prophesied about him. But Rover lived and throve in his imprudent courses

The engineers and firemen, who began by throwing sticks of wood and bits
of coal at him, at last were quite subdued by his successful impudence,
and came to consider him as a regular institution of the railroad, and,
if any family excursion took him off for a day, they would inquire with
interest, “Where’s our dog?—what’s become of Rover?” As to the female
part of our family, we had so often anticipated piteous scenes when poor
Rover would be brought home with broken paws or without his pretty tail,
that we quite used up our sensibilities, and concluded that some kind
angel, such as is appointed to watch over little children’s pets, must
take special care of our Rover.

Rover had very tender domestic affections. His attachment to his little
playfellows was most intense; and one time, when all of them were taken
off together on a week’s excursion, and Rover left alone at home, his low
spirits were really pitiful. He refused entirely to eat for the first
day, and finally could only be coaxed to take nourishment, with many
strokings and caresses, by being fed out of Miss Anna’s own hand. What
perfectly boisterous joy he showed when the children came back!—careering
round and round, picking up chips and bits of sticks, and coming and
offering them to one and another, in the fulness of his doggish heart, to
show how much he wanted to give them something.

This mode of signifying his love by bringing something in his mouth
was one of his most characteristic tricks. At one time he followed the
carriage from Brunswick to Bath, and in the streets of the city somehow
lost his way, so that he was gone all night. Many a little heart went
to bed anxious and sorrowful for the loss of its shaggy playfellow that
night, and Rover doubtless was remembered in many little prayers; what,
therefore, was the joy of being awakened by a joyful barking under
the window the next morning, when his little friends rushed in their
nightgowns to behold Rover back again, fresh and frisky, bearing in his
mouth a branch of a tree about six feet long, as his offering of joy.

When the family removed to Zion Hill, Rover went with them, the trusty
and established family friend. Age had somewhat matured his early
friskiness. Perhaps the grave neighborhood of a theological seminary
and the responsibility of being a Professor’s dog might have something
to do with it, but Rover gained an established character as a dog of
respectable habits, and used to march to the post-office at the heels of
his master twice a day, as regularly as any theological student.

Little Charley the second—the youngest of the brood, who took the place
of our lost little Prince Charley—was yet padding about in short robes,
and seemed to regard Rover in the light of a discreet older brother, and
Rover’s manners to him were of most protecting gentleness. Charley seemed
to consider Rover in all things as such a model, that he overlooked the
difference between a dog and a boy, and wearied himself with fruitless
attempts to scratch his ear with his foot as Rover did, and one day was
brought in dripping from a neighboring swamp, where he had been lying
down in the water, because Rover did.

Once in a while a wild oat or two from Rover’s old sack would seem to
entangle him. Sometimes, when we were driving out, he would, in his races
after the carriage, make a flying leap into a farmer’s yard, and, if he
lighted in a flock of chickens or turkeys, gobble one off-hand, and be
off again and a mile ahead before the mother hen had recovered from her
astonishment. Sometimes, too, he would have a race with the steam-engine
just for old acquaintance’ sake. But these were comparatively transient
follies; in general, no members of the grave institutions around him
behaved with more dignity and decorum than Rover. He tried to listen to
his master’s theological lectures, and to attend chapel on Sundays; but
the prejudices of society were against him, and so he meekly submitted to
be shut out, and waited outside the door on these occasions.

He formed a part of every domestic scene. At family prayers, stretched
out beside his master, he looked up reflectively with his great soft
eyes, and seemed to join in the serious feeling of the hour. When all
were gay, when singing, or frolicking, or games were going on, Rover
barked and frisked in higher glee than any. At night it was his joy to
stretch his furry length by our bedside, where he slept with one ear on
cock for any noise which it might be his business to watch and attend to.
It was a comfort to hear the tinkle of his collar when he moved in the
night, or to be wakened by his cold nose pushed against one’s hand if one
slept late in the morning. And then he was always so glad when we woke;
and when any member of the family circle was gone for a few days, Rover’s
warm delight and welcome were not the least of the pleasures of return.

And what became of him? Alas! the fashion came up of poisoning dogs, and
this poor, good, fond, faithful creature was enticed into swallowing
poisoned meat. One day he came in suddenly, ill and frightened, and
ran to the friends who always had protected him,—but in vain. In a
few moments he was in convulsions, and all the tears and sobs of his
playfellows could not help him; he closed his bright, loving eyes, and
died in their arms.

If those who throw poison to dogs could only see the real grief it brings
into a family to lose the friend and playfellow who has grown up with
the children, and shared their plays, and been for years in every family
scene,—if they could know how sorrowful it is to see the poor dumb friend
suffer agonies which they cannot relieve,—if they could see all this, we
have faith to believe they never would do so more.

Our poor Rover was buried with decent care near the house, and a mound of
petunias over him kept his memory ever bright; but it will be long before
his friends will get another as true.


After the sad fate of Rover, there came a long interval in which we had
no dog. Our hearts were too sore to want another. His collar, tied with
black crape, hung under a pretty engraving of Landseer’s, called “My
Dog,” which we used to fancy to be an exact resemblance of our pet.

The children were some of them grown up and gone to school, or scattered
about the world. If ever the question of another dog was agitated, papa
cut it short with, “I won’t have another; I won’t be made to feel again
as I did about Rover.” But somehow Mr. Charley the younger got his eye on
a promising litter of puppies, and at last he begged papa into consenting
that he might have one of them.

It was a little black mongrel, of no particular race or breed,—a mere
common cur, without any pretensions to family, but the best-natured,
jolliest little low-bred pup that ever boy had for a playmate. To be
sure, he had the usual puppy sins; he would run away with papa’s slippers
and boots, and stockings; he would be under everybody’s feet, at the
most inconvenient moment; he chewed up a hearth-broom or two, and pulled
one of Charley’s caps to pieces in the night, with an industry worthy of
a better cause;—still, because he was dear to Charley, papa and mamma
winked very hard at his transgressions.

The name of this little black individual was Stromion—a name taken from
a German fairy tale, which the Professor was very fond of reading in the
domestic circle; and Stromion, by dint of much patience, much feeding,
and very indulgent treatment, grew up into a very fat, common-looking
black cur dog, not very prepossessing in appearance and manners, but
possessed of the very best heart in the world, and most inconceivably
affectionate and good-natured. Sometimes some of the older members of the
family would trouble Charley’s enjoyment in his playfellow by suggesting
that he was no blood dog, and that he belonged to no particular dog
family that could be named. Papa comforted him by the assurance that
Stromion did belong to a very old and respectable breed,—that he was a
_mongrel_; and Charley after that valued him excessively under this head;
and if any one tauntingly remarked that Stromion was only a cur, he would
flame up in his defence,—“He isn’t a cur, he’s a mongrel,” introducing
him to strangers with the addition to all his other virtues, that he was
a “pure mongrel,—papa says so.”

The edict against dogs in the family having once been broken down, Master
Will proceeded to gratify his own impulses, and soon led home to the
family circle an enormous old black Newfoundland, of pure breed, which
had been presented him by a man who was leaving the place, Prince was
in the decline of his days, but a fine, majestic old fellow. He had a
sagacity and capacity of personal affection which were uncommon. Many
dogs will change from master to master without the least discomposure.
A good bone will compensate for any loss of the heart, and make a new
friend seem quite as good as an old one. But Prince had his affections
quite as distinctly as a human being, and we learned this to our sorrow
when he had to be weaned from his old master under our roof. His howls
and lamentations were so dismal and protracted, that the house could not
contain him; we were obliged to put him into an outhouse to compose his
mind, and we still have a vivid image of him sitting, the picture of
despair, over an untasted mutton shank, with his nose in the air, and
the most dismal howls proceeding from his mouth. Time, the comforter,
however, assuaged his grief, and he came at last to transfer all his
stores of affection to Will, and to consider himself once more as a dog
with a master.

Prince used to inhabit his young master’s apartment, from the window of
which he would howl dismally when Will left him to go to the academy
near by, and yelp triumphant welcomes when he saw him returning. He was
really and passionately fond of music, and, though strictly forbidden the
parlor, would push and elbow his way there with dogged determination when
there was playing or singing. Any one who should have seen Prince’s air
when he had a point to carry, would understand why quiet obstinacy is
called doggedness.

The female members of the family, seeing that two dogs had gained
admission to the circle, had cast their eyes admiringly on a charming
little Italian greyhound, that was living in doleful captivity at a
dog-fancier’s in Boston, and resolved to set him free and have him
for their own. Accordingly they returned one day in triumph, with him
in their arms,—a fair, delicate creature, white as snow, except one
mouse-colored ear. He was received with enthusiasm, and christened
Giglio; the honors of his first bath and toilette were performed by
Mademoiselles the young ladies on their knees, as if he had been in
reality young Prince Giglio from fairy-land.

Of all beautiful shapes in dog form, never was there one more perfect
than this. His hair shone like spun glass, and his skin was as fine and
pink as that of a baby; his paws and ears were translucent like fine
china, and he had great, soft, tremulous dark eyes; his every movement
seemed more graceful than the last. Whether running or leaping, or
sitting in graceful attitudes on the parlor table among the ladies’
embroidery-frames, with a great rose-colored bow under his throat, he was
alike a thing of beauty, and his beauty alone won all hearts to him.


When the papa first learned that a third dog had been introduced into
the household, his patience gave way. The thing was getting desperate;
we were being overrun with dogs; our house was no more a house, but a
kennel; it ought to be called Cunopolis,—a city of dogs; he could not and
would not have it so; but papa, like most other indulgent old gentlemen,
was soon reconciled to the children’s pets. In fact, Giglio was found
cowering under the bed-clothes at the Professor’s feet not two mornings
after his arrival, and the good gentleman descended with him in his arms
to breakfast, talking to him in the most devoted manner:—“Poor little
Giglio, was he cold last night? and did he want to get into papa’s bed?
he should be brought down stairs, that he should”;—all which, addressed
to a young rascal whose sinews were all like steel, and who could have
jumped from the top stair to the bottom like a feather, was sufficiently

Giglio’s singular beauty and grace were his only merits; he had no
love nor power of loving; he liked to be petted and kept warm, but it
mattered nothing to him who did it. He was as ready to run off with a
stranger as with his very best friend,—would follow any whistle or any
caller,—was, in fact, such a gay rover, that we came very near losing
him many times; and more than once he was brought back from the Boston
cars, on board which he had followed a stranger. He also had, we grieve
to say, very careless habits; and after being washed white as snow,
and adorned with choice rose-colored ribbons, would be brought back
soiled and ill-smelling from a neighbor’s livery-stable, where he had
been indulging in low society. For all that, he was very lordly and
aristocratic in his airs with poor Stromion, who was a dog with a good,
loving heart, if he was black and homely. Stromion admired Giglio with
the most evident devotion; he would always get up to give him the warm
corner, and would sit humbly in the distance and gaze on him with most
longing admiration,—for all of which my fine gentleman rewarded him only
with an occasional snarl or a nip, as he went by him. Sometimes Giglio
would condescend to have a romp with Stromion for the sake of passing
the time, and then Stromion would be perfectly delighted, and frisk and
roll his clumsy body over the carpet with his graceful antagonist, all
whose motions were a study for an artist. When Giglio was tired of play,
he would give Stromion a nip that would send him yelping from the field;
and then he would tick, tick gracefully away to some embroidered ottoman
forbidden to all but himself, where he would sit graceful and classical
as some Etruscan vase, and look down superior on the humble companion who
looked up to him with respectful admiration.

Giglio knew his own good points, and was possessed with the very spirit
of a coquette. He would sometimes obstinately refuse the caresses and
offered lap of his mistresses, and seek to ingratiate himself with some
stolid theological visitor, for no other earthly purpose that we could
see than that he was determined to make himself the object of attention.
We have seen him persist in jumping time and again on the hard, bony
knees of some man who hated dogs, and did not mean to notice him, until
he won attention and caresses, when immediately he would spring down and
tick away perfectly contented. He assumed lofty, fine-gentleman airs with
Prince also, for which sometimes he got his reward,—for Prince, the old,
remembered that he was a dog of blood, and would not take any nonsense
from him.

Like many old dogs, Prince had a very powerful doggy smell, which was a
great personal objection to him, and Giglio was always in a civil way
making reflections upon this weak point. Prince was fond of indulging
himself with an afternoon nap on the door-mat, and sometimes when he rose
from his repose, Giglio would spring gracefully from the table where he
had been overlooking him, and, picking his way daintily to the mat, would
snuff at it, with his long, thin nose, with an air of extreme disgust.
It was evidently a dog insult, done according to the politest modes of
refined society, and said as plain as words could say,—“My dear sir,
excuse me, but can you tell what makes this peculiar smell where you have
been lying?” At any rate, Prince understood the sarcasm, for a deep angry
growl and a sharp nip would now and then teach my fine gentleman to mind
his own business.

Giglio’s lot at last was to travel in foreign lands, for his young
mistresses, being sent to school in Paris, took him with them to finish
his education and acquire foreign graces. He was smuggled on board the
Fulton, and placed in an upper berth, well wrapped in a blanket; and the
last we saw of him was his long, thin Italian nose, and dark, tremulous
eyes looking wistfully at us from the folds of the flannel in which he
shivered. Sensitiveness to cold was one of his great peculiarities. In
winter he wore little blankets, which his fond mistresses made with
anxious care, and on which his initials were embroidered with their own
hands. In the winter weather on Zion Hill he was often severely put to it
to gratify his love of roving in the cold snows; he would hold up first
one leg, and then the other, and contrive to get along on three, so as
to save himself as much as possible; and more than once he caught severe
colds, requiring careful nursing and medical treatment to bring him round

The Fulton sailed early in March. It was chilly, stormy weather, so that
the passengers all suffered somewhat with cold, and Master Giglio was
glad to lie rolled in his blanket, looking like a sea-sick gentleman.
The captain very generously allowed him a free passage, and in pleasant
weather he used to promenade the deck, where his beauty won for him
caresses and attentions innumerable. The stewards and cooks always had
choice morsels for him, and fed him to such a degree as would have
spoiled any other dog’s figure; but his could not be spoiled. All the
ladies vied with each other in seeking his good graces, and after
dinner he pattered from one to another, to be fed with sweet things and
confectionery, and hear his own praises, like a gay buck of fashion as he

Landed in Paris, he met a warm reception at the Pension of Madame B⸺; but
ambition filled his breast. He was in the great, gay city of Paris, the
place where a handsome dog has but to appear to make his fortune, and so
Giglio resolved to seek out for himself a more brilliant destiny.

One day, when he was being led to take the air in the court, he slipped
his leash, sped through the gate, and away down the street like the wind.
It was idle to attempt to follow him; he was gone like a bird in the air,
and left the hearts of his young mistresses quite desolate.

Some months after, as they were one evening eating ices in the Champs
Elysées, a splendid carriage drove up, from which descended a liveried
servant, with a dog in his arms. It was Giglio, the faithless Giglio,
with his one mouse-colored ear, that marked him from all other dogs!
He had evidently accomplished his destiny, and become the darling of
rank and fashion, rode in an elegant carriage, and had a servant in
livery devoted to him. Of course he did not pretend to notice his former
friends. The footman, who had come out apparently to give him an airing,
led him up and down close by where they were sitting, and bestowed on
him the most devoted attentions. Of course there was no use in trying to
reclaim him, and so they took their last look of the fair inconstant, and
left him to his brilliant destiny. And thus ends the history of PRINCE


After Prince Giglio deserted us and proved so faithless, we were for
a while determined not to have another pet. They were all good for
nothing,—all alike ungrateful; we forswore the whole race of dogs. But
the next winter we went to live in the beautiful city of Florence, in
Italy, and there, in spite of all our protestations, our hearts were
again ensnared.

You must know that in the neighborhood of Florence is a celebrated villa,
owned by a Russian nobleman, Prince Demidoff, and that among other fine
things that are to be found there are a very nice breed of King Charles
spaniels, which are called Demidoffs, after the place. One of these,
a pretty little creature, was presented to us by a kind lady, and our
resolution against having any more pets all melted away in view of the
soft, beseeching eyes, the fine, silky ears, the glossy, wavy hair,
and bright chestnut paws of the new favorite. She was exactly such a
pretty creature as one sees painted in some of the splendid old Italian
pictures, and which Mr. Ruskin describes as belonging to the race of
“fringy paws.” The little creature was warmly received among us; an
ottoman was set apart for her to lie on; and a bright bow of green, red,
and white ribbon, the Italian colors, was prepared for her neck; and she
was christened Florence, after her native city.


Florence was a perfect little fine lady, and a perfect
Italian,—sensitive, intelligent, nervous, passionate, and constant in her
attachments, but with a hundred little whims and fancies that required
petting and tending hourly. She was perfectly miserable if she was not
allowed to attend us in our daily drives, yet in the carriage she was so
excitable and restless, so interested to take part in everything she saw
and heard in the street, that it was all we could do to hold her in and
make her behave herself decently. She was nothing but a little bundle of
nerves, apparently all the while in a tremble of excitement about one
thing or another; she was so disconsolate if left at home, that she went
everywhere with us. She visited the picture-galleries, the museums, and
all the approved sights of Florence, and improved her mind as much as
many other young ladies who do the same.

Then we removed from Florence to Rome, and poor Flo was direfully
sea-sick on board the steamboat, in company with all her young
mistresses, but recovered herself at Civita Vecchia, and entered Rome in
high feather. There she settled herself complacently in our new lodgings,
which were far more spacious and elegant than those we had left in
Florence, and began to claim her little rights in all the sight-seeing of
the Eternal City.

She went with us to palaces and to ruins, scrambling up and down, hither
and thither, with the utmost show of interest. She went up all the stairs
to the top of the Capitol, except the very highest and last, where she
put on airs, whimpered, and professed such little frights, that her
mistress was forced to carry her; but once on top, she barked from right
to left,—now at the snowy top of old Soracte, now at the great, wide,
desolate plains of the Campagna, and now at the old ruins of the Roman
Forum down under our feet. Upon all she had her own opinion, and was not
backward to express herself. At other times she used to ride with us to a
beautiful country villa outside of the walls of Rome, called the Pamfili
Doria. How beautiful and lovely this place was I can scarcely tell my
little friends. There were long alleys and walks of the most beautiful
trees; there were winding paths leading to all manner of beautiful
grottos, and charming fountains, and the wide lawns used to be covered
with the most lovely flowers. There were anemones that looked like little
tulips, growing about an inch and a half high, and of all colors,—blue,
purple, lilac, pink, crimson, and white,—and there were great beds of
fragrant blue and white violets. As to the charming grace and beauty
of the fountains that were to be found here and there all through the
grounds, I could not describe them to you. They were made of marble,
carved in all sorts of fanciful devices, and grown over with green mosses
and maidenhair.

What spirits little Miss Flo had, when once set down in these enchanting
fields! While all her mistresses were gathering lapfuls of many-colored
anemones, violets, and all sorts of beautiful things, Flo would snuff the
air, and run and race hither and thither, with her silky ears flying and
her whole little body quivering with excitement. Now she would race round
the grand basin of a fountain, and bark with all her might at the great
white swans that were swelling and ruffling their silver-white plumage,
and took her noisy attentions with all possible composure. Then she would
run off down some long side-alley after a lot of French soldiers, whose
gay red legs and blue coats seemed to please her mightily; and many a
fine chase she gave her mistresses, who were obliged to run up and down,
here, there, and everywhere, to find her when they wanted to go home

One time my lady’s friskiness brought her into quite a serious trouble,
as you shall hear. We were all going to St. Peter’s Church, and just
as we came to the bridge of St. Angelo, that crosses the Tiber, we met
quite a concourse of carriages. Up jumped my lady Florence, all alive and
busy,—for she always reckoned everything that was going on a part of her
business,—and gave such a spring that over she went, sheer out of the
carriage, into the mixed medley of carriages, horses, and people below.
We were all frightened enough, but not half so frightened as she was,
as she ran blindly down a street, followed by a perfect train of ragged
little black-eyed, black-haired boys, all shouting and screaming after
her. As soon as he could, our courier got down and ran after her, but
he might as well have chased a streak of summer lightning. She was down
the street, round the corner, and lost to view, with all the ragamuffin
tribe, men, boys, and women, after her; and so we thought we had lost
her, and came home to our lodgings very desolate in heart, when lo! our
old porter told us that a little dog that looked like ours had come
begging and whining at our street door, but before he could open it the
poor little wanderer had been chased away again and gone down the street.
After a while some very polite French soldiers picked her up in the
Piazza di Spagna,—a great public square near our dwelling, to get into
which we were obliged to go down some one or two hundred steps. We could
fancy our poor Flo, frightened and panting, flying like a meteor down
these steps, till she was brought up by the arms of a soldier below.

Glad enough were we when the polite soldier brought her back to our
doors;—and one must say one good thing for French soldiers all the
world over, that they are the pleasantest-tempered and politest people
possible, so very tender-hearted towards all sorts of little defenceless
pets, so that our poor runaway could not have fallen into better hands.

After this, we were careful to hold her more firmly when she had her
little nervous starts and struggles in riding about Rome.

One day we had been riding outside of the walls of the city, and just
as we were returning home we saw coming towards us quite a number
of splendid carriages with prancing black horses. It was the Pope
and several of his cardinals coming out for an afternoon airing. The
carriages stopped, and the Pope and cardinals all got out to take a
little exercise on foot, and immediately all carriages that were in the
way drew to one side, and those of the people in them who were Roman
Catholics got out and knelt down to wait for the Pope’s blessing as he
went by. As for us, we were contented to wait sitting in the carriage.

On came the Pope, looking like a fat, mild, kind-hearted old gentleman,
smiling and blessing the people as he went on, and the cardinals scuffing
along in the dust behind him. He walked very near to our carriage, and
Miss Florence, notwithstanding all our attempts to keep her decent, would
give a smart little bow-wow right in his face just as he was passing.
He smiled benignly, and put out his hand in sign of blessing toward our
carriage, and Florence doubtless got what she had been asking for.

From Rome we travelled to Naples, and Miss Flo went with us through
our various adventures there,—up Mount Vesuvius, where she half choked
herself with sulphurous smoke. There is a place near Naples called the
Solfatara, which is thought to be the crater of the extinct volcano,
where there is a cave that hisses, and roars, and puffs out scalding
steam like a perpetual locomotive, and all the ground around shakes and
quivers as if it were only a crust over some terrible abyss. The pools
of water are all white with sulphur; the ground is made of sulphur
and arsenic and all such sort of uncanny matters; and we were in a
fine fright lest Miss Florence, being in one of her wildest and most
indiscreet moods, should tumble into some burning hole, or strangle
herself with sulphur; and in fact she rolled over and over in a sulphur
puddle, and then, scampering off, rolled in ashes by way of cleaning
herself. We could not, however, leave her at home during any of our
excursions, and so had to make the best of these imprudences.

When at last the time came for us to leave Italy, we were warned that
Florence would not be allowed to travel in the railroad cars in the
French territories. All dogs, of all sizes and kinds, whose owners wish
to have travel with them, are shut up in a sort of closet by themselves,
called the dog-car; and we thought our nervous, excitable little pet
would be frightened into fits, to be separated from all her friends,
and made to travel with all sorts of strange dogs. So we determined to
smuggle her along in a basket. At Turin we bought a little black basket,
just big enough to contain her, and into it we made her go,—very sorely
against her will, as we could not explain to her the reason why. Very
guilty indeed we felt, with this travelling conveyance hung on one arm,
sitting in the waiting-room, and dreading every minute lest somebody
should see the great bright eyes peeping through the holes of the basket,
or hear the subdued little whines and howls which every now and then came
from its depths.

Florence had been a petted lady, used to having her own way, and a
great deal of it; and this being put up in a little black basket, where
she could neither make her remarks on the scenery, nor join in the
conversation of her young mistresses, seemed to her a piece of caprice
without rhyme or reason. So every once in a while she would express
her mind on the subject by a sudden dismal little whine; and what was
specially trying, she would take the occasion to do this when the cars
stopped and all was quiet, so that everybody could hear her. Where’s
that dog?—somebody’s got a dog in here,—was the inquiry very plain to
be seen in the suspicious looks which the guard cast upon us as he put
his head into our compartment, and gazed about inquiringly. Finally, to
our great terror, a railway director, a tall, gentlemanly man, took his
seat in our very compartment, where Miss Florence’s basket garnished
the pocket above our heads, and she was in one of her most querulous
moods. At every stopping-place she gave her little sniffs and howls, and
rattled her basket so as to draw all eyes. We all tried to look innocent
and unconscious, but the polite railroad director very easily perceived
what was the matter. He looked from one anxious, half-laughing face to
the others, with a kindly twinkle in his eye, but said nothing. All the
guards and _employés_ bowed down to him, and came cap in hand at every
stopping-place to take his orders. What a relief it was to hear him say,
in a low voice, to them: “These young ladies have a little dog which they
are carrying. Take no notice of it, and do not disturb them!” Of course,
after that, though Florence barked and howled and rattled her basket, and
sometimes showed her great eyes, like two coal-black diamonds, through
its lattice-work, nobody saw and nobody heard, and we came unmolested
with her to Paris.

After a while she grew accustomed to her little travelling carriage, and
resigned herself quietly to go to sleep in it; and so we got her from
Paris to Kent, where we stopped a few days to visit some friends in a
lovely country place called Swaylands.

Here we had presented to us another pet, that was ever after the chosen
companion and fast friend of Florence. He was a little Skye terrier, of
the color of a Maltese cat, covered all over with fine, long, silky hair,
which hung down so evenly, that it was difficult at the first glance to
say which was his head and which his tail. But at the head end there
gleamed out a pair of great, soft, speaking eyes, that formed the only
beauty of the creature; and very beautiful they were, in their soft,
beseeching lovingness.

Poor Rag had the tenderest heart that ever was hid in a bundle of hair;
he was fidelity and devotion itself, and used to lie at our feet in
the railroad carriages as still as a gray sheep-skin, only too happy
to be there on any terms. It would be too long to tell our travelling
adventures in England; suffice it to say, that at last we went on board
the Africa to come home, with our two pets, which had to be handed over
to the butcher, and slept on quarters of mutton and sides of beef, till
they smelt of tallow and grew fat in a most vulgar way.

At last both of them were safely installed in the brown stone cottage in
Andover, and Rag was presented to a young lady to whom he had been sent
as a gift from England, and to whom he attached himself with the most
faithful devotion.

Both dogs insisted on having their part of the daily walks and drives of
their young mistresses; and, when they observed them putting on their
hats, would run, and bark, and leap, and make as much noise as a family
of children clamoring for a ride.

After a few months, Florence had three or four little puppies. Very puny
little things they were; and a fierce, nervous little mother she made.
Her eyes looked blue as burnished steel, and if anybody only set foot in
the room where her basket was, her hair would bristle, and she would bark
so fiercely as to be quite alarming. For all that, her little ones proved
quite a failure, for they were all stone-blind. In vain we waited and
hoped and watched for nine days, and long after; the eyes were glazed and
dim, and one by one they died. The last two seemed to promise to survive,
and were familiarly known in the family circle by the names of Milton and

But the fatigues of nursing exhausted the delicate constitution of poor
Florence, and she lay all one day in spasms. It became evident that a
tranquil passage must be secured for Milton and Beethoven to the land of
shades, or their little mother would go there herself; and accordingly
they vanished from this life.

As to poor Flo, the young medical student in the family took her into a
water-cure course of treatment, wrapping her in a wet napkin first, and
then in his scarlet flannel dressing-gown, and keeping a wet cloth with
iced water round her head. She looked out of her wrappings, patient and
pitiful, like a very small old African female, in a very serious state of
mind. To the glory of the water-cure, however, this course in one day so
cured her, that she was frisking about the next, happy as if nothing had

She had, however, a slight attack of the spasms, which caused her to run
frantically and cry to have the hall-door opened; and when it was opened,
she scampered up in all haste into the chamber of her medical friend,
and, not finding him there, jumped upon his bed, and began with her teeth
and paws to get around her the scarlet dressing-gown in which she had
found relief before. So she was again packed in wet napkins, and after
that never had another attack.

After this, Florence was begged from us by a lady who fell in love with
her beautiful eyes, and she went to reside in a most lovely cottage in
H⸺, where she received the devoted attentions of a whole family. The
family physician, however, fell violently in love with her, and, by dint
of caring for her in certain little ailments, awakened such a sentiment
in return, that at last she was given to him, and used to ride about in
state with him in his carriage, visiting his patients, and giving her
opinion on their symptoms.

At last her health grew delicate and her appetite failed. In vain
chicken, and chops, and all the delicacies that could tempt the most
fastidious, were offered to her, cooked expressly for her table; the end
of all things fair must come, and poor Florence breathed her last, and
was put into a little rosewood casket, lined with white, and studded
with silver nails, and so buried under a fine group of chestnuts in the
grounds of her former friends. A marble tablet was to be affixed to one
of these, commemorating her charms; but, like other spoiled beauties, her
memory soon faded, and the tablet has been forgotten.

The mistress of Rag, who is devoted to his memory, insists that not
enough space has been given in this memoir to his virtues. But the
virtues of honest Rag were of that kind which can be told in a few
sentences,—a warm, loving heart, a boundless desire to be loved, and a
devotion that made him regard with superstitious veneration all the
movements of his mistress. The only shrewd trick he possessed was a habit
of drawing on her sympathy by feigning a lame leg whenever she scolded or
corrected him. In his English days he had had an injury from the kick of
a horse, which, however, had long since been healed; but he remembered
the petting he got for this infirmity, and so recalled it whenever he
found that his mistress’s stock of affection was running low. A blow or
a harsh word would cause him to limp in an alarming manner; but a few
caresses would set matters all straight again.

Rag had been a frantic ratter, and often roused the whole family by his
savage yells after rats that he heard gambolling quite out of his reach
behind the partitions in the china closet. He would crouch his head on
his fore-paws, and lie watching at rat-holes, in hopes of intercepting
some transient loafer; and one day he actually broke the back and bones
of a gray old thief whom he caught marauding in the china closet.

Proud and happy was he of this feat; but, poor fellow! he had to repose
on the laurels thus gained, for his teeth were old and poor, and more
than one old rebel slipped away from him, leaving him screaming with
disappointed ambition.

At last poor Rag became aged and toothless, and a shake which he one
day received from a big dog, who took him for a bundle of wick-yarn,
hastened the breaking up of his constitution. He was attacked with
acute rheumatism, and, notwithstanding the most assiduous cares of his
mistress, died at last in her arms.

Funeral honors were decreed him; white chrysanthemums and myrtle leaves
decked his bier. And so Rag was gathered to the dogs which had gone
before him.


Well, after the departure of Madam Florence there was a long cessation
of the dog mania in our family. We concluded that we would have no more
pets; for they made too much anxiety, and care, and trouble, and broke
all our hearts by death or desertion.

At last, however, some neighbors of ours took unto themselves, to enliven
their dwelling, a little saucy Scotch terrier, whose bright eyes and
wicked tricks so wrought upon the heart of one of our juvenile branches,
that there was no rest in the camp without this addition to it. Nothing
was so pretty, so bright, so knowing and cunning, as a “Scotch terrier,”
and a Scotch terrier we must have,—so said Miss Jenny, our youngest.

And so a bargain was struck by one of Jenny’s friends with some of the
knowing ones in Boston, and home she came, the happy possessor of a
genuine article,—as wide awake, impertinent, frisky, and wicked a little
elf as ever was covered with a shock of rough tan-colored hair.

His mistress no sooner gazed on him, than she was inspired to give him
a name suited to his peculiar character;—so he frisked into the front
door announced as Wix, and soon made himself perfectly at home in the
family circle, which he took, after his own fashion, by storm. He entered
the house like a small whirlwind, dashed, the first thing, into the
Professor’s study, seized a slipper which was dangling rather uncertainly
on one of his studious feet, and, wresting it off, raced triumphantly
with it around the hall, barking distractedly every minute that he was
not shaking and worrying his prize.

Great was the sensation. Grandma tottered with trembling steps to the
door, and asked, with hesitating tones, what sort of a creature that
might be; and being saluted with the jubilant proclamation, “Why,
Grandma, it’s my dog,—a real genuine, Scotch terrier; he’ll never grow
any larger, and he’s a perfect beauty! don’t you think so?”—Grandma could
only tremblingly reply, “O, there is not any danger of his going mad, is
there? Is he generally so playful?”

Playful was certainly a mild term for the tempest of excitement in
which master Wix flew round and round in giddy circles, springing over
ottomans, diving under sofas, barking from beneath chairs, and resisting
every effort to recapture the slipper with bristling hair and blazing
eyes, as if the whole of his dog-life consisted in keeping his prize;
till at length he caught a glimpse of pussy’s tail,—at which, dropping
the slipper, he precipitated himself after the flying meteor, tumbling,
rolling, and scratching down the kitchen stairs, and standing on his
hind-legs barking distractedly at poor Tom, who had taken refuge in the
sink, and sat with his tail magnified to the size of a small bolster.

This cat, the most reputable and steady individual of his species, the
darling of the most respectable of cooks, had received the name of
Thomas Henry, by which somewhat lengthy appellation he was generally
designated in the family circle, as a mark of the respect which his
serious and contemplative manner commonly excited. Thomas had but one
trick of popularity. With much painstaking and care the cook had taught
him the act of performing a somerset over our hands when held at a
decent height from the floor; and for this one elegant accomplishment,
added to great success in his calling of rat-catching, he was held in
great consideration in the family, and had meandered his decorous way
about house, slept in the sun, and otherwise conducted himself with the
innocent and tranquil freedom which became a family cat of correct habits
and a good conscience.

The irruption of Wix into our establishment was like the bursting of
a bomb at the feet of some respectable citizen going tranquilly to
market. Thomas was a cat of courage, and rats of the largest size shrunk
appalled at the very sight of his whiskers; but now he sat in the sink
quite cowed, consulting with great, anxious yellow eyes the throng of
faces that followed Wix down the stairs, and watching anxiously the
efforts Miss Jenny was making to subdue and quiet him.

“Wix, you naughty little rascal, you mustn’t bark at Thomas Henry;
be still!” Whereat Wix, understanding himself to be blamed, brought
forth his trump card of accomplishments, which he always offered by
way of pacification whenever he was scolded. He reared himself up on
his hind-legs, hung his head languishingly on one side, lolled out his
tongue, and made a series of supplicatory gestures with his fore-paws,—a
trick which never failed to bring down the house in a storm of applause,
and carry him out of any scrape with flying colors.

Poor Thomas Henry, from his desolate sink, saw his terrible rival carried
off in Miss Jenny’s arms amid the applauses of the whole circle, and had
abundance of time to reflect on the unsubstantial nature of popularity.
After that he grew dejected and misanthropic,—a real Cardinal Wolsey
in furs,—for Wix was possessed with a perfect cat-hunting mania, and,
whenever he was not employed in other mischief, was always ready for a
bout with Thomas Henry.

It is true, he sometimes came back from these encounters with a scratched
and bloody nose, for Thomas Henry was a cat of no mean claw, and would
turn to bay at times; but generally he felt the exertion too much for his
advanced years and quiet habits, and so for safety he passed much of his
time in the sink, over the battlements of which he would leisurely survey
the efforts of the enemy to get at him. The cook hinted strongly of the
danger of rheumatism to her favorite from these damp quarters, but Wix at
present was the reigning favorite, and it was vain to dispute his sway.

Next to Thomas Henry, Wix directed his principal efforts to teasing
Grandmamma. Something or other about her black dress and quiet movements
seemed to suggest to him suspicions. He viewed her as something to be
narrowly watched; he would lie down under some chair or table, and watch
her motions with his head on his fore-paws as if he were watching at a
rat-hole. She evidently was not a rat, he seemed to say to himself, but
who knows what she may be; and he would wink at her with his great bright
eyes, and, if she began to get up, would spring from his ambush and bark
at her feet with frantic energy,—by which means he nearly threw her over
two or three times.

His young mistress kept a rod, and put him through a severe course of
discipline for these offences; after which he grew more careful,—but
still the unaccountable fascination seemed to continue; still he would
lie in ambush, and, though forbidden to bark, would dart stealthily
forward when he saw her preparing to rise, and be under her dress
smelling in a suspicious manner at her heels. He would spring from his
place at the fire, and rush to the staircase when he heard her leisurely
step descending the stairs, and once or twice nearly overset her by being
under her heels, bringing on himself a chastisement which he in vain
sought to avert by the most vigorous deprecatory pawing.

Grandmamma’s favorite evening employment was to sit sleeping in her
chair, gradually bobbing her head lower and lower,—all which movements
Wix would watch, giving a short snap, or a suppressed growl, at every
bow. What he would have done, if, as John Bunyan says, he had been
allowed to have his “doggish way” with her, it is impossible to say. Once
he succeeded in seizing the slipper from her foot as she sat napping, and
a glorious race he had with it,—out at the front door, up the path to the
Theological Seminary, and round and round the halls consecrated to better
things, with all the glee of an imp. At another time he made a dart into
her apartment, and seized a turkey-wing which the good old lady had
used for a duster, and made such a regular forenoon’s work of worrying,
shaking, and teasing it, that every feather in it was utterly demolished.

In fact, there was about Wix something so elfish and impish, that
there began to be shrewd suspicions that he must be somehow or other
a descendant of the celebrated poodle of Faust, and that one need
not be surprised some day to have him suddenly looming up into some
uncanny shape, or entering into conversation, and uttering all sorts of
improprieties unbefitting a theological professor’s family.

He had a persistence in wicked ways that resisted the most energetic
nurture and admonition of his young mistress. His combativeness was
such, that a peaceable walk down the fashionable street of Zion Hill
in his company became impossible; all was race and scurry, cackle and
flutter, wherever he appeared,—hens and poultry flying, frightened cats
mounting trees with magnified tails, dogs yelping and snarling, and
children and cows running in every direction. No modest young lady could
possibly walk out in company with such a son of confusion. Beside this,
Wix had his own private inexplicable personal piques against different
visitors in the family, and in the most unexpected moment would give
a snap or a nip to the most unoffending person. His friends in the
family circle dropped off. His ways were pronounced too bad, his conduct
perfectly indefensible; his young mistress alone clung to him, and
declared that her vigorous system of education would at last reform his
eccentricities, and turn him out a tip-top dog. But when he would slyly
leave home, and, after rolling and steeping himself in the ill-smelling
deposits of the stable or drain, come home and spring with impudent ease
into her lap, or put himself to sleep on her little white bed, the magic
cords of affection gave out, and disgust began to succeed. It began to
be remarked that this was a stable-dog, educated for the coach-boy and
stable, and to be doubted whether it was worth while to endeavor to raise
him to a lady’s boudoir; and so at last, when the family removed from
Zion Hill, he was taken back and disposed of at a somewhat reduced price.

Since then, as we are informed, he has risen to fame and honor. His name
has even appeared in sporting gazettes as the most celebrated “ratter”
in little Boston, and his mistress was solemnly assured by his present
possessor that for “cat work” he was unequalled, and that he would not
take fifty dollars for him. From all which it appears that a dog which is
only a torment and a nuisance in one sphere may be an eminent character
in another.

The catalogue of our dogs ends with Wix. Whether we shall ever have
another or not we cannot tell, but in the following pages I will tell my
young readers a few true stories of other domestic pets which may amuse



And now, with all and each of the young friends who have read these
little histories of our dogs, we want to have a few moments of quiet chat
about dogs and household pets in general.

In these stories you must have noticed that each dog had as much his own
character as if he had been a human being. Carlo was not like Rover, nor
Rover like Giglio, nor Giglio like Florence, nor Florence like Rag, nor
Rag like Wix,—any more than Charley is like Fred, or Fred like Henry,
or Henry like Eliza, or Eliza like Julia. Every animal has his own
character, as marked and distinct as a human being. Many people who have
not studied much into the habits of animals don’t know this. To them a
dog is a dog, a cat a cat, a horse a horse, and no more,—that is the end
of it.

But domestic animals that associate with human beings develop a very
different character from what they would possess in a wild state. Dogs,
for example, in those countries where there is a prejudice against
receiving them into man’s association, herd together, and become wild and
fierce like wolves. This is the case in many Oriental countries, where
there are superstitious ideas about dogs; as, for instance, that they are
unclean and impure. But in other countries, the dog, for the most part,
forsakes all other dogs to become the associate of man. A dog without a
master is a forlorn creature; no society of other dogs seems to console
him; he wanders about disconsolate, till he finds some human being to
whom to attach himself, and then he is a made dog,—he pads about with an
air of dignity, like a dog that is settled in life.

There are among dogs certain races or large divisions, and those
belonging purely to any of those races are called blood-dogs. As examples
of what we mean by these races, we will mention the spaniel, the mastiff,
the bulldog, the hound, and the terrier; and each of these divisions
contains many species, and each has a strongly marked character. The
spaniel tribes are gentle, docile, easily attached to man; from them many
hunting dogs are trained. The bulldog is irritable, a terrible fighter,
and fiercely faithful to his master. A mastiff is strong, large, not so
fierce as the bulldog, but watchful and courageous, with a peculiar sense
of responsibility in guarding anything which is placed under his charge.
The hounds are slender, lean, wiry, with a long, pointed muzzle, and a
peculiar sensibility in the sense of smell, and their instincts lead
them to hunting and tracking. As a general thing, they are cowardly and
indisposed to combat; there are, however, remarkable exceptions, as you
will see if you read the account of the good black hound which Sir Walter
Scott tells about in “The Talisman,”—a story which I advise you to read
at your next leisure. The terriers are, for the most part, small dogs,
smart, bright, and active, very intelligent, and capable of being taught
many tricks. Of these there are several varieties,—as the English black
and tan, which is the neatest and prettiest pet a family of children can
have, as his hair is so short and close that he can harbor no fleas, and
he is always good-tempered, lively, and affectionate. The Skye terrier,
with his mouse-colored mop of hair, and his great bright eyes, is very
loving and very sagacious; but alas! unless you can afford a great deal
of time for soap, water, and fine-tooth-comb exercises, he will bring
more company than you will like. The Scotch terriers are rough, scraggy,
affectionate, but so nervous, frisky, and mischievous that they are only
to be recommended as out-door pets in barn and stable. They are capital
rat-catchers, very amicable with horses, and will sit up by the driver or
a coach-boy with an air of great sagacity.

There is something very curious about the habits and instincts of
certain dogs which have been trained by man for his own purposes. In the
mountains of Scotland, there are a tribe of dogs called Shepherd-dogs,
which for generations and ages have helped the shepherds to take care
of their sheep and which look for all the world like long-nosed,
high-cheek-boned, careful old Scotchmen. You will see them in the
morning, trotting out their flock of sheep, walking about with a grave,
care-taking air, and at evening all bustle and importance, hurrying and
scurrying hither and thither, getting their charge all together for the
night. An old Scotchman tells us that his dog Hector, by long sharing his
toils and cares, got to looking so much like him, that once, when he felt
too sleepy to go to meeting he sent Hector to take his seat in the pew,
and the minister never knew the difference, but complimented him the next
day for his good attention to the sermon.

There is a kind of dog employed by the monks of St. Bernard, in the Alps,
to go out and seek in the snow for travellers who may have lost their
way; and this habit becomes such a strong instinct in them, that I once
knew a puppy of this species which was brought by a shipmaster to Maine,
and grew up in a steady New England town, which used to alarm his kind
friends by rushing off into the pine forest in snow-storms, and running
anxiously up and down burrowing in the snow as if in quest of something.

I have seen one of a remarkable breed of dogs that are brought from
the island of Manilla. They resemble mastiffs in their form, but are
immensely large and strong. They are trained to detect thieves, and kept
by merchants on board of vessels where the natives are very sly and much
given to stealing. They are called _holders_, and their way is, when a
strange man, whose purposes they do not understand, comes on board the
ship, to take a very gentle but decisive hold of him by the heel, and
keep him fast until somebody comes to look after him. The dog I knew of
this species stood about as high as an ordinary dining-table, and I have
seen him stroke off the dinner-cloth with one wag of his tail in his
pleasure when I patted his head. He was very intelligent and affectionate.

There is another dog, which may often be seen in Paris, called the Spitz
dog. He is a white, smooth-haired, small creature, with a great muff
of stiff hair round his neck, and generally comes into Paris riding
horseback on the cart-horses which draw the carts of the washerwomen.
He races nimbly up and down on the back of the great heavy horses,
barking from right to left with great animation, and is said to be a most
faithful little creature in guarding the property of his owner. What is
peculiar about these little dogs is the entireness of their devotion to
their master. They have not a look, not a wag of the tail, for any one
else; it is vain for a stranger to try and make friends with them,—they
have eyes and ears for one alone.

All dogs which do not belong to some of the great varieties, on the one
side of their parentage or the other, are classed together as curs, and
very much undervalued and decried; and yet among these mongrel curs we
have seen individuals quite as sagacious, intelligent, and affectionate
as the best blood-dogs.

And now I want to say some things to those young people who desire to
adopt as domestic pets either a dog or a cat. Don’t do it without making
up your mind to be really and thoroughly kind to them, and feeding them
as carefully as you feed yourself, and giving them appropriate shelter
from the inclemency of the weather.

Some people seem to have a general idea that throwing a scrap, or bone,
or bit of refuse meat, at odd intervals, to a dog, is taking abundant
care of him. “What’s the matter with him? he can’t be hungry,—I gave
him that great bone yesterday.” Ah, Master Hopeful, how would you like
to be fed on the same principle? When you show your hungry face at the
dinner-table, suppose papa should say, “What’s that boy here for? He was
fed this morning.” You would think this hard measure; yet a dog’s or
cat’s stomach digests as rapidly as yours. In like manner, dogs are often
shut out of the house in cold winter weather without the least protection
being furnished them. A lady and I looked out once, in a freezing icy
day, and saw a great Newfoundland cowering in a corner of a fence to keep
from the driving wind; and I said, “Do tell me if you have no kennel
for that poor creature.” “No,” said the lady. “I didn’t know that dogs
needed shelter. Now I think of it, I remember last spring he seemed quite
poorly, and his hair seemed to come out; do you suppose it was being
exposed so much in the winter?” This lady had taken into her family a
living creature, without ever having reflected on what that creature
needed, or that it was her duty to provide for its wants.

Dogs can bear more cold than human beings, but they do not like cold any
better than we do; and when a dog has his choice, he will very gladly
stretch himself on a rug before the fire for his afternoon nap, and show
that he enjoys the blaze and warmth as much as anybody.

As to cats, many people seem to think that a miserable, half-starved
beast, never fed, and always hunted and beaten, and with no rights that
anybody is bound to respect, is a necessary appendage to a family. They
have the idea that all a cat is good for is to catch rats, and that
if well fed they will not do this,—and so they starve them. This is a
mistake in fact. Cats are hunting animals, and have the natural instinct
to pursue and catch prey, and a cat that is a good mouser will do this
whether well or ill fed. To live only upon rats is said to injure the
health of the cat, and bring on convulsions.

The most beautiful and best trained cat I ever knew was named Juno, and
was brought up by a lady who was so wise in all that related to the care
and management of animals, that she might be quoted as authority on all
points of their nurture and breeding; and Juno, carefully trained by such
a mistress, was a standing example of the virtues which may be formed in
a cat by careful education.

Never was Juno known to be out of place, to take her nap elsewhere than
on her own appointed cushion, to be absent at meal-times, or, when the
most tempting dainties were in her power, to anticipate the proper time
by jumping on the table to help herself.

In all her personal habits Juno was of a neatness unparalleled in cat
history. The parlor of her mistress was always of a waxen and spotless
cleanness, and Juno would have died sooner than violate its sanctity
by any impropriety. She was a skilful mouser, and her sleek, glossy
sides were a sufficient refutation of the absurd notion that a cat must
be starved into a display of her accomplishments. Every rat, mouse,
or ground mole that she caught was brought in and laid at the feet of
her mistress for approbation. But on one point her mind was dark. She
could never be made to comprehend the great difference between fur and
feathers, nor see why her mistress should gravely reprove her when she
brought in a bird, and warmly commend when she captured a mouse.

After a while a little dog named Pero, with whom Juno had struck up a
friendship, got into the habit of coming to her mistress’s apartment at
the hours when her modest meals were served, on which occasions Pero
thought it would be a good idea to invite himself to make a third.
He had a nice little trick of making himself amiable, by sitting up
on his haunches, and making little begging gestures with his two
fore-paws,—which so much pleased his hostess that sometimes he was fed
before Juno. Juno observed this in silence for some time; but at last
a bright idea struck her, and, gravely rearing up on her haunches, she
imitated Pero’s gestures with her fore-paws. Of course this carried the
day, and secured her position.

Cats are often said to have no heart,—to be attached to places, but
incapable of warm personal affection. It was reserved for Juno by her sad
end to refute this slander on her race. Her mistress was obliged to leave
her quiet home, and go to live in a neighboring city; so she gave Juno to
the good lady who inhabited the other part of the house.

But no attentions or care on the part of her new mistress could banish
from Juno’s mind the friend she had lost. The neat little parlor where
she had spent so many pleasant hours was dismantled and locked up, but
Juno would go, day after day, and sit on the ledge of the window-seat,
looking in and mewing dolefully. She refused food; and, when too weak to
mount on the sill and look in, stretched herself on the ground beneath
the window, where she died for love of her mistress, as truly as any
lover in an old ballad.

You see by this story the moral that I wish to convey. It is, that
watchfulness, kindness, and care will develop a nature in animals such as
we little dream of. Love will beget love, regular care and attention will
give regular habits, and thus domestic pets may be made agreeable and

Any one who does not feel an inclination or capacity to take the amount
of care and pains necessary for the well-being of an animal ought
conscientiously to abstain from having one in charge. A carefully
tended pet, whether dog or cat, is a pleasant addition to a family of
young people; but a neglected, ill-brought-up, ill-kept one is only an

We should remember, too, in all our dealings with animals, that they are
a sacred trust to us from our Heavenly Father. They are dumb, and cannot
speak for themselves; they cannot explain their wants or justify their
conduct; and therefore we should be tender towards them.

Our Lord says not even a little sparrow falls to the ground without
our Heavenly Father, and we may believe that his eye takes heed of the
disposition which we show towards those defenceless beings whom he thinks
worthy of his protection.


In the last number I told my little friends about my good Aunt Esther,
and her wonderful cat Juno, and her dog Pero. In thinking what to write
for this month, my mind goes far back to the days when I was a little
girl, and used to spend many happy hours in Aunt Esther’s parlor talking
with her. Her favorite subject was always the habits and character of
different animals, and their various ways and instincts, and she used to
tell us so many wonderful, yet perfectly authentic, stories about all
these things, that the hours passed away very quickly.

Some of her rules for the treatment and care of animals have impressed
themselves so distinctly on my mind, that I shall never forget them, and
I am going to repeat some of them to you.

One was, never to frighten an animal for sport. I recollect I had a
little white kitten, of which I was very fond, and one day I was amusing
myself with making her walk up and down the key-board of the piano, and
laughing to see her fright at the strange noises which came up under
her feet. Puss evidently thought the place was haunted, and tried to
escape; it never occurred to me, however, that there was any cruelty in
the operation, till Aunt Esther said to me, “My dear, you must never
frighten an animal. I have suffered enough from fear to know that there
is no suffering more dreadful; and a helpless animal, that cannot speak
to tell its fright, and cannot understand an explanation of what alarms
it, ought to move your pity.”

I had never thought of this before, and then I remembered how, when I was
a very, very little girl, a grown-up boy in school had amused himself
with me and my little brother in much the same way as that in which I had
amused myself with the kitten. He hunted us under one of the school-room
tables by threatening to cut our ears off if we came out, and took out
his pen-knife, and opened it, and shook it at us whenever we offered to
move. Very likely he had not the least idea that we really could be made
to suffer with fear at so absurd a threat,—any more than I had that my
kitten could possibly be afraid of the piano; but our suffering was in
fact as real as if the boy really had intended what he said, and was
really able to execute it.

Another thing which Aunt Esther strongly impressed on my mind was, that,
when there were domestic animals about a house which were not wanted
in a family, it was far kinder to have them killed in some quick and
certain way than to chase them out of the house, and leave them to wander
homeless, to be starved, beaten, and abused. Aunt Esther was a great
advocate for killing animals, and, tender-hearted as she was, she gave
us many instructions in the kindest and quickest way of disposing of one
whose life must be sacrificed.

Her instructions sometimes bore most remarkable fruits. I recollect one
little girl, who had been trained under Aunt Esther’s care, was once
coming home from school across Boston Common, when she saw a party of
noisy boys and dogs tormenting a poor kitten by the side of the frog
pond. The little wretches would throw it into the water, and then laugh
at its vain and frightened efforts to paddle out, while the dogs added to
its fright by their ferocious barking. Belle was a bright-eyed, spirited
little puss, and her whole soul was roused in indignation; she dashed
in among the throng of boys and dogs, and rescued the poor half-drowned
little animal. The boys, ashamed, slunk away, and little Belle held the
poor, cold, shivering little creature, considering what to do for it. It
was half dead already, and she was embarrassed by the reflection that at
home there was no room for another pet, for both cat and kitten never
were wanting in their family. “Poor kit,” she said, “you must die, but I
will see that you are not tormented”;—and she knelt bravely down and held
the little thing under water, with the tears running down her own cheeks,
till all its earthly sorrows were over, and little kit was beyond the
reach of dog or boy.

This was real brave humanity. Many people call themselves tender-hearted,
because they are unwilling to have a litter of kittens killed, and
so they go and throw them over fences, into people’s back yards, and
comfort themselves with the reflection that they will do well enough.
What becomes of the poor little defenceless things? In nine cases out of
ten they live a hunted, miserable life, crying from hunger, shivering
with cold, harassed by cruel dogs, and tortured to make sport for brutal
boys. How much kinder and more really humane to take upon ourselves the
momentary suffering of causing the death of an animal than to turn our
back and leave it to drag out a life of torture and misery!

Aunt Esther used to protest much against another kind of torture which
well-meaning persons inflict on animals, in giving them as playthings
to very little children who do not know how to handle them. A mother
sometimes will sit quietly sewing, while her baby boy is tormenting a
helpless kitten, poking his fingers into its eyes, pulling its tail,
stretching it out as on a rack, squeezing its feet, and, when the poor
little tormented thing tries to run away, will send the nurse to catch
dear little Johnny’s kitten for him.

Aunt Esther always remonstrated, too, against all the practical jokes
and teasing of animals, which many people practise under the name of
sport,—like throwing a dog into the water for the sake of seeing him
paddle out, dashing water upon the cat, or doing any of the many little
tricks by which animals are made uncomfortable. “They have but one short
little life to live, they are dumb and cannot complain, and they are
wholly in our power”—these were the motives by which she appealed to our

Aunt Esther’s boys were so well trained, that they would fight valiantly
for the rescue of any ill-treated animals. Little Master Bill was a
bright-eyed fellow, who wasn’t much taller than his father’s knee, and
wore a low-necked dress with white ruffles. But Bill had a brave heart in
his little body, and so one day, as he was coming from school, he dashed
in among a crowd of dogs which were pursuing a kitten, took it away from
them, and held it as high above his head as his little arm could reach.
The dogs jumped upon his white neck with their rough paws, and scratched
his face, but still he stood steady till a man came up and took the
kitten and frightened away the dogs. Master Bill grew up to be a man, and
at the battle of Gettysburg stood a three days’ fight, and resisted the
charge of the Louisiana Tigers as of old he withstood the charge of the
dogs. A really brave-hearted fellow is generally tender and compassionate
to the weak; only cowards torment that which is not strong enough to
fight them; only cowards starve helpless prisoners or torture helpless

I can’t help hoping that, in these stories about different pets, I have
made some friends among the boys, and that they will remember what I have
said, and resolve always to defend the weak, and not permit any cruelty
where it is in their power to prevent it. Boys, you are strong and brave
little fellows; but you oughtn’t to be strong and brave for nothing; and
if every boy about the street would set himself to defending helpless
animals, we should see much less cruelty than we now do.



Aunt Esther used to be a constant attendant upon us young ones whenever
we were a little ill, or any of the numerous accidents of childhood
overtook us. In such seasons of adversity she always came to sit by our
bedside, and take care of us. She did not, as some people do, bring a
long face and a doleful whining voice into a sick-room, but was always so
bright, and cheerful, and chatty, that we began to think it was almost
worth while to be sick to have her about us. I remember that once, when
I had the quinsy, and my throat was so swollen that it brought the tears
every time I swallowed, Aunt Esther talked to me so gayly, and told me
so many stories, that I found myself laughing heartily, and disposed to
regard my aching throat as on the whole rather an amusing circumstance.

Aunt Esther’s stories were not generally fairy tales, but stories about
real things,—and more often on her favorite subject of the habits of
animals, and the different animals she had known, than about anything

One of these was a famous Newfoundland dog, named Prince, which belonged
to an uncle of hers in the country, and was, as we thought, a far more
useful and faithful member of society than many of us youngsters. Prince
used to be a grave, sedate dog, that considered himself put in trust of
the farm, the house, the cattle, and all that was on the place. At night
he slept before the kitchen door, which, like all other doors in the
house in those innocent days, was left unlocked all night; and if such a
thing had ever happened as that a tramper or an improper person of any
kind had even touched the latch of the door, Prince would have been up
attending to him as master of ceremonies.

At early dawn, when the family began to stir, Prince was up and out
to superintend the milking of the cows, after which he gathered them
all together, and started out with them to pasture, padding steadily
along behind, dashing out once in a while to reclaim some wanderer that
thoughtlessly began to make her breakfast by the roadside, instead of
saving her appetite for the pastures, as a properly behaved cow should.
Arrived at the pasture-lot, Prince would take down the bars with his
teeth, drive in the cows, put up bars, and then soberly turn tail and
pad off home, and carry the dinner-basket for the men to the mowing
lot, or the potato-field, or wherever the labors of the day might be.
There arrived, he was extremely useful to send on errands after anything
forgotten or missing. “Prince! the rake is missing: go to the barn and
fetch it!” and away Prince would go, and come back with his head very
high, and the long rake very judiciously balanced in his mouth.

One day a friend was wondering at the sagacity of the dog, and his master
thought he would show off his tricks in a still more original style; and
so, calling Prince to him, he said, “Go home and bring Puss to me!”

Away bounded Prince towards the farm-house, and, looking about, found the
younger of the two cats, fair Mistress Daisy, busy cleaning her white
velvet in the summer sun. Prince took her gently up by the nape of her
neck, and carried her, hanging head and heels together, to the fields,
and laid her down at his master’s feet.

“How’s this, Prince?” said the master; “you didn’t understand me. I said
the cat, and this is the kitten. Go right back and bring the old cat.”

Prince looked very much ashamed of his mistake, and turned away, with
drooping ears and tail, and went back to the house.

The old cat was a venerable, somewhat portly old dame, and no small lift
for Prince; but he reappeared with old Puss hanging from his jaws, and
set her down, a little discomposed, but not a whit hurt by her unexpected

Sometimes, to try Prince’s skill, his master would hide his gloves or
riding-whip in some out-of-the-way corner, and when ready to start, would
say, “Now, where have I left my gloves? Prince, good fellow, run in,
and find them”; and Prince would dash into the house, and run hither
and thither with his nose to every nook and corner of the room; and, no
matter how artfully they were hid, he would upset and tear his way to
them. He would turn up the corners of the carpet, snuff about the bed,
run his nose between the feather-bed and mattress, pry into the crack of
a half-opened drawer, and show as much zeal and ingenuity as a policeman,
and seldom could anything be so hid as to baffle his perseverance.


Many people laugh at the idea of being careful of a dog’s feelings, as
if it were the height of absurdity; and yet it is a fact that some dogs
are as exquisitely sensitive to pain, shame, and mortification, as any
human being. See, when a dog is spoken harshly to, what a universal droop
seems to come over him. His head and ears sink, his tail drops and slinks
between his legs, and his whole air seems to say, “I wish I could sink
into the earth to hide myself.”

Prince’s young master, without knowing it, was the means of inflicting a
most terrible mortification on him at one time. It was very hot weather,
and Prince, being a shaggy dog, lay panting, and lolling his tongue out,
apparently suffering from the heat.

“I declare,” said young Master George, “I do believe Prince would be more
comfortable for being sheared.” And so forthwith he took him and began
divesting him of his coat. Prince took it all very obediently; but when
he appeared without his usual attire, every one saluted him with roars
of laughter, and Prince was dreadfully mortified. He broke away from his
master, and scampered off home at a desperate pace, ran down cellar and
disappeared from view. His young master was quite distressed that Prince
took the matter so to heart; he followed him in vain, calling, “Prince!
Prince!” No Prince appeared. He lighted a candle and searched the cellar,
and found the poor creature cowering away in the darkest nook under the
stairs. Prince was not to be comforted; he slunk deeper and deeper into
the darkness, and crouched on the ground when he saw his master, and
for a long time refused even to take food. The family all visited and
condoled with him, and finally his sorrows were somewhat abated; but he
would not be persuaded to leave the cellar for nearly a week. Perhaps by
that time he indulged the hope that his hair was beginning to grow again,
and all were careful not to destroy the allusion by any jests or comments
on his appearance.

Such were some of the stories of Prince’s talents and exploits which
Aunt Esther used to relate to us. What finally became of the old fellow
we never heard. Let us hope that, as he grew old, and gradually lost his
strength, and felt the infirmities of age creeping on, he was tenderly
and kindly cared for in memory of the services of his best days,—that he
had a warm corner by the kitchen fire, and was daily spoken to in kindly
tones by his old friends. Nothing is a sadder sight than to see a poor
old favorite, that once was petted and caressed by every member of the
family, now sneaking and cowering as if dreading every moment a kick or a
blow,—turned from the parlor into the kitchen, driven from the kitchen by
the cook’s broomstick, half starved and lonesome.

O, how much kinder if the poor thread of life were at once cut by some
pistol-shot, than to have the neglected favorite linger only to suffer!
Now, boys, I put it to you, is it generous or manly, when your old pet
and playmate grows sickly and feeble, and can no longer amuse you, to
forget all the good old times you have had with him, and let him become a
poor, trembling, hungry, abused vagrant? If you cannot provide comforts
for his old age, and see to his nursing, you can at least secure him an
easy and painless passage from this troublesome world. A manly fellow I
once knew, who, when his old hound became so diseased that he only lived
to suffer, gave him a nice meal with his own hand, patted his head, got
him to sleep, and then shot him,—so that he was dead in a moment, felt no
pain, and knew nothing but kindness to the last.

And now to Aunt Esther’s stories of a dog I must add one more which
occurred in a town where I once lived. I have told you of the fine traits
of blood-dogs, their sagacity and affection. In doing this, perhaps, I
have not done half justice to the poor common dogs, of no particular
blood or breed, that are called curs or mongrels; yet among these I
believe you will quite as often find both affection and sagacity as among
better-born dogs.

The poor mongrel I am going to tell you about belonged to a man who had
not, in one respect, half the sense that his dog had. A dog will never
eat or drink a thing that has once made him sick, or injured him; but
this man would drink, time and time again, a deadly draught, that took
away his senses and unfitted him for any of his duties. Poor little
Pero, however, set her ignorant dog’s heart on her drinking master, and
used to patter faithfully after him, and lick his hand respectfully, when
nobody else thought he was in a condition to be treated with respect.

One bitter cold winter day, Pero’s master went to a grocery, at some
distance from home, on pretence of getting groceries, but in reality to
fill a very dreadful bottle, that was the cause of all his misery; and
little Pero padded after him through the whirling snow, although she
left three poor little pups of her own in the barn. Was it that she was
anxious for the poor man who was going the bad road, or was there some
secret thing in her dog’s heart that warned her that her master was in
danger? We know not, but the sad fact is, that at the grocery the poor
man took enough to make his brain dizzy, and coming home he lost his way
in a whirling snow-storm, and fell down stupid and drunk, not far from
his own barn, in a lonesome place, with the cold winter’s wind sweeping
the snow-drift over him. Poor little Pero cuddled close to her master and
nestled in his bosom, as if trying to keep the warm life in him.

Two or three days passed, and nothing was seen or heard of the poor man.
The snow had drifted over him in a long white winding-sheet, when a
neighbor one day heard a dog in the barn crying to get out. It was poor
Pero, that had come back and slipped in to nurse her puppies while the
barn-door was open, and was now crying to get out and go back to her poor
master. It suddenly occurred to the man that Pero might find the body,
and in fact, when she started off, he saw a little path which her small
paws had worn in the snow, and, tracking after, found the frozen body.
This poor little friend had nestled the snow away around the breast, and
stayed watching and waiting by her dead master, only taking her way back
occasionally to the barn to nurse her little ones. I cannot help asking
whether a little animal that can show such love and faithfulness has not
something worth respecting and caring for in its nature.

At this time of the year our city ordinances proclaim a general leave and
license to take the lives of all dogs found in the streets, and scenes of
dreadful cruelty are often enacted in consequence. I hope, if my stories
fall under the eye of any boy who may ever witness, or be tempted to take
part in, the hunting down and killing a poor dog, that he will remember
of how much faithfulness and affection and constancy these poor brutes
are capable, and, instead of being their tyrant and persecutor, will try
to make himself their protector and friend.


Master Frederick Little-John has of late struck up quite a friendship
with me, and haunts my footsteps about house to remind me of my promise
to write some more dog stories. Master Fred has just received a present
from his father of a great Newfoundland that stands a good deal higher
in his stocking-feet than his little master in his highest-heeled boots,
and he has named him Prince, in honor of the Prince that I told you about
last month, that used to drive the cows to pasture, and take down the
bars with his teeth. We have daily and hourly accounts in the family
circle of Prince’s sayings and doings; for Master Freddy insists upon it
that Prince speaks, and daily insists upon placing a piece of bread on
the top of Prince’s nose, which at the word of command he fires into the
air, and catches in his mouth, closing the performance with a snap like a
rifle. Fred also makes much of showing him a bit of meat held high in the
air, from which he is requested to “speak,”—the speaking consisting in
very short exclamations of the deepest bow-wow. Certain it is that Prince
shows on these occasions that he has the voice for a public speaker, and
that, if he does not go about the country lecturing, it is because he
wants time yet to make up his mind what to say on the topics of the day.

Fred is somewhat puzzled to make good the ground of his favorite
with Aunt Zeroiah, who does not love dogs, and is constantly casting
reflections on them as nuisances, dirt-makers, flea-catchers, and
flea-scatterers, and insinuating a plea that Prince should be given away,
or in some manner sold or otherwise disposed of.

“Aunt Zeroiah thinks that there is nothing so mean as a dog,” said Master
Fred to me as he sat with his arm around the neck of his favorite. “She
really seems to grudge every morsel of meat a dog eats, and to think that
every kindness you show a dog is almost a sin. Now I think dogs are noble
creatures, and have noble feelings,—they are so faithful, and so kind and
loving. Now I do wish you would make haste and write something to show
her that dogs have been thought a good deal of.”

“Well, Master Freddy,” said I, “I will tell you in the first place about
Sir Walter Scott, whose poems and novels have been the delight of whole

He was just of your opinion about dogs, and he had a great many of them.
When Washington Irving visited Sir Walter at Abbotsford, he found him
surrounded by his dogs, which formed as much a part of the family as his


In the morning, when they started for a ramble, the dogs would all be on
the alert to join them. There was first a tall old staghound named Maida,
that considered himself the confidential friend of his master, walked by
his side, and looked into his eyes as if asserting a partnership in his
thoughts. Then there was a black greyhound named Hamlet, a more frisky
and thoughtless youth, that gambolled and pranced and barked and cut
capers with the wildest glee; and there was a beautiful setter named
Finette, with large mild eyes, soft silken hair, and long curly ears,—the
favorite of the parlor; and then a venerable old greyhound, wagging his
tail, came out to join the party as he saw them going by his quarters,
and was cheered by Scott with a hearty, kind word as an old friend and

In his walks Scott would often stop and talk to one or another of his
four-footed friends, as if they were in fact rational companions; and,
from being talked to and treated in this way, they really seemed to
acquire more sagacity than other dogs.

Old Maida seemed to consider himself as a sort of president of the
younger dogs, as a dog of years and reflection, whose mind was upon more
serious and weighty topics than theirs. As he padded along, the younger
dogs would sometimes try to ensnare him into a frolic, by jumping upon
his neck and making a snap at his ears. Old Maida would bear this in
silent dignity for a while, and then suddenly, as if his patience were
exhausted, he would catch one of his tormentors by the neck and tumble
him in the dirt, giving an apologetic look to his master at the same
time, as much as to say, “You see, sir, I can’t help joining a little in
this nonsense.”

“Ah,” said Scott, “I’ve no doubt that, when Maida is alone with these
young dogs, he throws dignity aside and plays the boy as much as any of
them, but he is ashamed to do it in our company, and seems to say, ‘Have
done with your nonsense, youngsters; what will the Laird and that other
gentleman think of me if I give way to such foolery?’”

At length the younger dogs fancied that they discovered something, which
set them all into a furious barking. Old Maida for some time walked
silently by his master, pretending not to notice the clamors of the
inferior dogs. At last, however, he seemed to feel himself called on to
attend to them, and giving a plunge forward he opened his mind to them
with a deep “Bow-wow,” that drowned for the time all other noises. Then,
as if he had settled matters, he returned to his master, wagging his
tail, and looking in his face as if for approval.

“Ay, ay, old boy,” said Scott; “you have done wonders; you have shaken
the Eildon Hills with your roaring, and now you may shut up your
artillery for the rest of the day. Maida,” he said, “is like the big gun
of Constantinople,—it takes so long to get it ready that the small ones
can fire off a dozen times, but when it does go off it carries all before

Scott’s four-footed friends made a respectful part of the company at
family meals. Old Maida took his seat gravely at his master’s elbow,
looking up wistfully into his eyes, while Finette, the pet spaniel, took
her seat by Mrs. Scott. Besides the dogs in attendance, a large gray
cat also took her seat near her master, and was presented from time to
time with bits from the table. Puss, it appears, was a great favorite
both with master and mistress, and slept in their room at night; and
Scott laughingly said that one of the least wise parts of the family
arrangement was the leaving the window open at night for puss to go
in and out. The cat assumed a sort of supremacy among the quadrupeds,
sitting in state in Scott’s arm-chair, and occasionally stationing
himself on a chair beside the door, as if to review his subjects as
they passed, giving each dog a cuff on the ears as he went by. This
clapper-clawing was always amiably taken. It appeared to be in fact a
mere act of sovereignty on the part of Grimalkin, to remind the others
of their vassalage, to which they cheerfully submitted. Perfect harmony
prevailed between old puss and her subjects, and they would all sleep
contentedly together in the sunshine.

Scott once said, the only trouble about having a dog was that he must
die; but he said, it was better to have them die in eight or nine years,
than to go on loving them for twenty or thirty, and then have them die.

Scott lived to lose many of his favorites, that were buried with funeral
honors, and had monuments erected over them, which form some of the
prettiest ornaments of Abbotsford. When we visited the place, one of the
first objects we saw in the front yard near the door was the tomb of old
Maida, over which is sculptured the image of a beautiful hound, with this
inscription, which you may translate if you like:—

    “Maidae marmorea dormis, sub imagine
    Ad januam domini; sit tibi terra levis.”

Or, if you don’t want the trouble of translating it, Master Freddy, I
would do it thus:—

    “At thy lord’s door, in slumbers light and blest,
    Maida, beneath this marble Maida rest.
    Light lie the turf upon thy gentle breast.”

Washington Irving says that in one of his morning rambles he came upon a
curious old Gothic monument, on which was inscribed in Gothic characters,

                         “Cy git le preux Percy,”
                       (Here lies the brave Percy,)

and asking Scott what it was, he replied, “O, only one of my
fooleries,”—and afterwards Irving found it was the grave of a favorite

Now, certainly, Master Freddy, you must see in all this that you have one
of the greatest geniuses of the world to bear you out in thinking a deal
of dogs.

But I have still another instance. The great rival poet to Scott was Lord
Byron; not so good or so wise a man by many degrees, but very celebrated
in his day. He also had a four-footed friend, a Newfoundland, called
Boatswain, which he loved tenderly, and whose elegant monument now forms
one of the principal ornaments of the garden of Newstead Abbey, and upon
it may be read this inscription:—

                             “Near this spot
                     Are deposited the remains of one
                   Who possessed beauty without vanity,
                       Strength without insolence,
                        Courage without ferocity,
              And all the virtues of man without his vices.
              This praise, which would be unmeaning flattery
                      If inscribed over human ashes,
                  Is but a just tribute to the memory of
                            BOATSWAIN, a dog,
                 Who was born at Newfoundland, May, 1803,
               And died at Newstead Abbey, Nov. 18, 1808.”

On the other side of the monument the poet inscribed these lines in
praise of dogs in general, which I would recommend you to show to any of
the despisers of dogs:—

    “When some proud son of man returns to earth
    Unknown to glory, but upheld by birth,
    The sculptor’s art exhausts the pomp of woe,
    And storied urns record who rests below.
    But the poor dog, in life the firmest friend,
    The first to welcome, foremost to defend,
    Whose honest heart is still his master’s own,
    Who labors, fights, lives, breathes, for him alone,
    Unhonored falls, unnoticed all his worth,
    Denied in heaven the soul he held on earth.
    While man, vain insect! hopes to be forgiven,
    And claims himself a sole exclusive heaven!
    Ye who perchance behold this simple urn,
    Pass on, it honors none you wish to mourn.
    To mark a _friend’s_ remains these stones arise;
    I never knew but one,—and here he lies.”

If you want more evidence of the high esteem in which dogs are held,
I might recommend to you a very pretty dog story called “Rab and his
Friends,” the reading of which will give you a pleasant hour. Also in
a book called “Spare Hours,” the author of “Rab and his Friends” gives
amusing accounts of all his different dogs, which I am sure you would be
pleased to read, even though you find many long words in it which you
cannot understand.

But enough has been given to show you that in the high esteem you have
for your favorite, and in your determination to treat him as a dog should
be treated, you are sustained by the very best authority.



Do my dear little friends want to hear a word more about our country
neighbors? Since we wrote about them, we have lived in the same place
more than a year, and perhaps some of you may want to know whether old
Unke or little Cri-cri have ever come up to sit under the lily-leaves
by the fountain, or Master Furry-toes, the flying squirrel, has amused
himself in pattering about the young lady’s chamber o’ nights? I am sorry
to say that our country neighbors have entirely lost the neighborly,
confiding spirit that they had when we first came and settled in the

Old Unke has distinguished himself on moonlight nights in performing
bass solos in a very deep, heavy voice, down in the river, but he
has never hopped his way back into that conservatory from which he
was disgracefully turned out at the point of Mr. Fred’s cane. He has
contented himself with the heavy musical performances I spoke of, and I
have fancied they sounded much like “Won’t come any more,—won’t come any
more,—won’t come any more!”

Sometimes, strolling down to the river, we have seen his solemn green
spectacles emerging from the tall water-grasses, as he sat complacently
looking about him. Near by him, spread out on the sunny bottom of the
pool, was a large flat-headed water-snake, with a dull yellow-brown back
and such a swelled stomach that it was quite evident he had been making
his breakfast that morning by swallowing some unfortunate neighbor like
poor little Cri-cri. This trick of swallowing one’s lesser neighbors
seems to prevail greatly among the people who live in our river. Mr.
Water-snake makes his meal on little Mr. Frog, and Mr. Bullfrog follows
the same example. It seems a sad state of things; but then I suppose all
animals have to die in some way or other, and perhaps, if they are in the
habit of seeing it done, it may appear no more to a frog to expect to be
swallowed some day, than it may to some of us to die of a fever, or be
shot in battle, as many a brave fellow has been of late.

We have heard not a word from the woodchucks. Ever since we violated
the laws of woodland hospitality by setting a trap for their poor old
patriarch, they have very justly considered us as bad neighbors, and
their hole at the bottom of the garden has been “to let,” and nobody
as yet has ventured to take it. Our friends the muskrats have been
flourishing, and on moonlight nights have been swimming about, popping up
the tips of their little black noses to make observations.

But latterly a great commotion has been made among the amphibious tribes,
because of the letting down of the dam which kept up the water of the
river, and made it a good, full, wide river. When the dam was torn down
it became a little miserable stream, flowing through a wide field of
muddy bottom, and all the secrets of the under-water were disclosed. The
white and yellow water-lily roots were left high and dry up in the mud,
and all the muskrat holes could be seen plainer than ever before; and the
other day Master Charlie brought in a fish’s nest which he had found in
what used to be deep water.

“A fish’s nest!” says little Tom; “I didn’t know fishes made nests.” But
they do, Tommy; that is, one particular kind of fish makes a nest of
sticks and straws and twigs, plastered together with some kind of cement,
the making of which is a family secret. It lies on the ground like a
common bird’s-nest turned bottom upward, and has a tiny little hole in
the side for a door, through which the little fishes swim in and out.


The name of the kind of fish that builds this nest I do not know; and if
the water had not been drawn off, I should not have known that we had any
such fish in our river. Where we found ours the water had been about
five feet above it. Now, Master Tom, if you want to know more about
nest-building fishes, you must get your papa and mamma to inquire and see
if they cannot get you some of the little books on fishes and aquariums
that have been published lately. I remember to have read all about these
nests in one of them, but I do not remember either the name of the book
or the name of the fish, and so there is something still for you to
inquire after.

I am happy to say, for the interest of the water-lilies and the muskrats
and the fishes, that the dam has only been torn down from our river for
the purpose of making a new and stronger one, and that by and by the
water will be again broad and deep as before, and all the water-people
can then go on with their housekeeping just as they used to do,—only I
am sorry to say that one fish family will miss their house, and have to
build a new one; but if they are enterprising fishes they will perhaps
make some improvements that will make the new house better than the old.

As to the birds, we have had a great many visits from them. Our house has
so many great glass windows, and the conservatory windows in the centre
of it being always wide open, the birds seem to have taken it for a piece
of out-doors, and flown in. The difficulty has been, that, after they
had got in, there appeared to be no way of making them understand the
nature of glass, and wherever they saw a glass window they fancied they
could fly through; and so, taking aim hither and thither, they darted
head first against the glass, beating and bruising their poor little
heads without beating in any more knowledge than they had before. Many a
poor little feather-head has thus fallen a victim to his want of natural
philosophy, and tired himself out with beating against window-panes,
till he has at last fallen dead. One day we picked up no less than three
dead birds in different parts of the house. Now if it had only been
possible to enlighten our feathered friends in regard to the fact that
everything that is transparent is not air, we would have summoned a bird
council in our conservatory, and explained matters to them at once and
altogether. As it is, we could only say, “Oh!” and “Ah!” and lament, as
we have followed one poor victim after another from window to window, and
seen him flutter and beat his pretty senseless head against the glass,
frightened to death at all our attempts to help him.

As to the humming-birds, their number has been infinite. Just back of
the conservatory stands an immense, high clump of scarlet sage, whose
brilliant flowers have been like a light shining from afar, and drawn to
it flocks of these little creatures; and we have often sat watching them
as they put their long bills into one scarlet tube after another, lifting
themselves lightly off the bush, poising a moment in mid-air, and then
dropping out of sight.

They have flown into the conservatory in such numbers that, had we
wished to act over again the dear little history of our lost pet, Hum,
the son of Buz, we should have had plenty of opportunities to do it.
Humming-birds have been for some reason supposed to be peculiarly wild
and untamable. Our experience has proved that they are the most docile,
confiding little creatures, and the most disposed to put trust in us
human beings of all birds in the world.

More than once this summer has some little captive exhausted his
strength flying hither and thither against the great roof window of the
conservatory, till the whole family was in alarm to help. The Professor
himself has left his books, and anxiously flourished a long cobweb broom
in hopes to bring the little wanderer down to the level of open windows,
while every other member of the family ran, called, made suggestions,
and gave advice, which all ended in the poor little fool’s falling flat,
in a state of utter exhaustion, and being picked up in some lady’s

Then has been running to mix sugar and water, while the little crumb of a
bird has lain in an apparent swoon in the small palm of some fair hand,
but opening occasionally one eye, and then the other, dreamily, to see
when the sugar and water was coming, and gradually showing more and more
signs of returning life as it appeared. Even when he had taken his drink
of sugar and water, and seemed able to sit up in his warm little hollow,
he has seemed in no hurry to flee, but remained tranquilly looking about
him for some moments, till all of a sudden, with one whirr, away he goes,
like a flying morsel of green and gold, over our heads—into the air—into
the tree-tops. What a lovely time he must have of it!

One rainy, windy day, Miss Jenny, going into the conservatory, heard a
plaintive little squeak, and found a poor humming-bird, just as we found
poor little Hum, all wet and chilled, and bemoaning himself, as he sat
clinging tightly upon the slenderest twig of a grape-vine. She took him
off, wrapped him in cotton, and put him in a box on a warm shelf over
the kitchen range. After a while you may be sure there was a pretty
fluttering in the box. Master Hum was awake and wanted to be attended to.
She then mixed sugar and water, and, opening the box, offered him a drop
on her finger, which he licked off with his long tongue as knowingly as
did his name-sake at Rye Beach. After letting him satisfy his appetite
for sugar and water, as the rain was over and the sun began to shine,
Miss Jenny took him to the door, and away he flew.

These little incidents show that it would not ever be a difficult matter
to tame humming-birds,—only they cannot be kept in cages; a sunny room
with windows defended by mosquito-netting would be the only proper cage.
The humming-bird, as we are told by naturalists, though very fond of the
honey of flowers, does not live on it entirely, or even principally.
It is in fact a little fly-catcher, and lives on small insects; and a
humming-bird never can be kept healthy for any length of time in a room
that does not admit insects enough to furnish him a living. So you see it
is not merely toads, and water-snakes, and such homely creatures, that
live by eating other living beings,—but even the fairy-like and brilliant

The autumn months are now coming on (for it is October while I
write),—the flowers are dying night by night as the frosts grow
heavier,—the squirrels are racing about, full of business, getting in
their winter’s supply of nuts; everything now is active and busy among
our country neighbors. In a cottage about a quarter of a mile from us, a
whole family of squirrels have made the discovery that a house is warmer
in winter than the best hollow tree, and so have gone in to a chink
between the walls, where Mr. and Mrs. Squirrel can often be heard late at
night chattering and making quite a family fuss about the arrangement of
their household goods for the coming season. This is all the news about
the furry people that I have to give you. The flying squirrel I have not
yet heard from,—perhaps he will appear yet as the weather gets colder.

Old Master Boohoo, the owl, sometimes goes on at such a rate on moonlight
nights in the great chestnut-trees that overhang the river, that, if you
did not know better, you might think yourself miles deep in the heart of
a sombre forest, instead of being within two squares’ walk of the city
lamps. We never yet have caught a fair sight of him. At the cottage we
speak of, the chestnut-trees are very tall, and come close to the upper
windows; and one night a fair maiden, going up to bed, was startled
by a pair of great round eyes looking into her window. It was one of
the Boohoo family, who had been taken with a fit of grave curiosity
about what went on inside the cottage, and so set himself to observe.
We have never been able to return the compliment by looking into their
housekeeping, as their nests are very high up in the hollows of old
trees, where we should not be likely to get at them.

If we hear anything more from any of these neighbors of ours, we will let
you know. We have all the afternoon been hearing a great screaming among
the jays in the woods hard by, and I think we must go out and see what is
the matter. So good by.



And now, at the last, I am going to tell you something of the ways and
doings of one of the queer little people, whom I shall call Whiskey.

On this page is his picture. But you cannot imagine from this how pretty
he is. His back has the most beautiful smooth shining stripes of reddish
brown and black, his eyes shine like bright glass beads, and he sits up
jauntily on his hind quarters, with his little tail thrown over his back
like a ruffle!

And where does he live? Well, “that is telling,” as we children say.
It was somewhere up in the mountains of Berkshire, in a queer, quaint,
old-fashioned garden, that I made Mr. Whiskey’s acquaintance.

Here there lives a young parson, who preaches every Sunday in a little
brown church, and during week-days goes through all these hills and
valleys, visiting the poor, and gathering children into Sunday schools.

His wife is a very small-sized lady,—not much bigger than you, my little
Mary,—but very fond of all sorts of dumb animals; and by constantly
watching their actions and ways, she has come to have quite a strange
power over them, as I shall relate.

The little lady fixed her mind on Whiskey, and gave him his name without
consulting him upon the subject. She admired his bright eyes, and
resolved to cultivate his acquaintance.

By constant watching, she discovered that he had a small hole of his own
in the grass-plot a few paces from her back door. So she used to fill
her pockets with hazelnuts, and go out and sit in the back porch, and
make a little noise, such as squirrels make to each other, to attract his

In a minute or two up would pop the little head with the bright eyes,
in the grass-plot, and Master Whiskey would sit on his haunches and
listen, with one small ear cocked towards her. Then she would throw him
a hazelnut, and he would slip instantly down into his hole again. In
a minute or two, however, his curiosity would get the better of his
prudence; and she, sitting quiet, would see the little brown-striped
head slowly, slowly coming up again, over the tiny green spikes of the
grass-plot. Quick as a flash he would dart at the nut, whisk it into a
little bag on one side of his jaws, which Madame Nature has furnished
him with for his provision-pouch, and down into his hole again! An
ungrateful, suspicious little brute he was too; for though in this way
he bagged and carried off nut after nut, until the patient little woman
had used up a pound of hazelnuts, still he seemed to have the same wild
fright at sight of her, and would whisk off and hide himself in his hole
the moment she appeared. In vain she called, “Whiskey, Whiskey, Whiskey,”
in the most flattering tones; in vain she coaxed and cajoled. No, no; he
was not to be caught napping. He had no objection to accepting her nuts,
as many as she chose to throw to him; but as to her taking any personal
liberty with him, you see, it was not to be thought of!

But at last patience and perseverance began to have their reward. Little
Master Whiskey said to himself, “Surely, this is a nice, kind lady, to
take so much pains to give me nuts; she is certainly very considerate;”
and with that he edged a little nearer and nearer every day, until, quite
to the delight of the small lady, he would come and climb into her lap
and seize the nuts, when she rattled them there, and after that he seemed
to make exploring voyages all over her person. He would climb up and sit
on her shoulder; he would mount and perch himself on her head; and, when
she held a nut for him between her teeth, would take it out of her mouth.

After a while he began to make tours of discovery in the house. He would
suddenly appear on the minister’s writing-table, when he was composing
his Sunday sermon, and sit cocking his little pert head at him, seeming
to wonder what he was about. But in all his explorations he proved
himself a true Yankee squirrel, having always a shrewd eye on the main
chance. If the parson dropped a nut on the floor, down went Whiskey after
it, and into his provision-bag it went, and then he would look up as if
he expected another; for he had a wallet on each side of his jaws, and he
always wanted both sides handsomely filled before he made for his hole.
So busy and active, and always intent on this one object, was he, that
before long the little lady found he had made way with six pounds of
hazelnuts. His general rule was to carry off four nuts at a time,—three
being stuffed into the side-pockets of his jaws, and the fourth held in
his teeth. When he had furnished himself in this way, he would dart like
lightning for his hole, and disappear in a moment; but in a short time up
he would come, brisk and wide-awake, and ready for the next supply.

Once a person who had the curiosity to dig open a chipping squirrel’s
hole found in it two quarts of buckwheat, a quantity of grass-seed,
nearly a peck of acorns, some Indian corn, and a quart of walnuts; a
pretty handsome supply for a squirrel’s winter store-room,—don’t you
think so?

Whiskey learned in time to work for his living in many artful ways that
his young mistress devised. Sometimes she would tie his nuts up in a
paper package, which he would attack with great energy, gnawing the
strings, and rustling the nuts out of the paper in wonderfully quick
time. Sometimes she would tie a nut to the end of a bit of twine, and
swing it backward and forward over his head; and, after a succession of
spry jumps, he would pounce upon it, and hang swinging on the twine, till
he had gnawed the nut away.

Another squirrel—doubtless hearing of Whiskey’s good luck—began to haunt
the same yard; but Whiskey would by no means allow him to cultivate his
young mistress’s acquaintance. No indeed! he evidently considered that
the institution would not support two. Sometimes he would appear to be
conversing with the stranger on the most familiar and amicable terms in
the back yard: but if his mistress called his name, he would immediately
start and chase his companion quite out of sight, before he came back to

So you see that self-seeking is not confined to men alone, and that
Whiskey’s fine little fur coat covers a very selfish heart.

As winter comes on, Whiskey will go down into his hole, which has many
long galleries and winding passages, and a snug little bedroom well
lined with leaves. Here he will doze and dream away his long winter
months, and nibble out the inside of his store of nuts.

If I hear any more of his cunning tricks, I will tell you of them.





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    with bits of dry humor peculiar to her writings.”—_Pittsburgh_
    (Pa.) _Commercial_.


=LIFE AND TIMES OF SIR PHILIP SIDNEY.= A Memorial of one whose name is a
synonyme for every manly virtue. By Mrs. S. M. HENRY DAVIS. Illustrated
with three plates; portrait of Sidney; view of Penhurst Castle;
_fac-simile_ of Sidney’s Manuscript, 12mo. Cloth, bevelled, stamped in
ink and gold with Sidney’s Coat-of-Arms. $1.50.

    “Worthy of rank as an English classic.”—_Pittsburgh Dispatch._

    “There is scarcely any satisfactory memoir of him accessible to
    the general reader, and the author of this book has done a good
    service.”—_Philadelphia Inquirer._

    “Compels the reader’s attention, and leaves upon his mind
    impressions more distinct and lasting than the greatest
    historians are in the habit of making.... We long to see the
    story of Sidney’s life take its proper place in the hearts of
    American youth.”—_Christian Union._


=THE LOVERS OF PROVENCE: Aucassin and Nicolette.= Small 4to. Most
delicately illustrated and artistically printed and bound. Extra cloth,
gilt sides and edges. $3.50. Full morocco or calf, gilt. $7.00.

    A beautiful _chante fable_, or Song-Story of the Troubadours,
    from a Manuscript of the XII. Century. Translated by A. RODNEY
    MACDONOUGH. With an introduction by EDMUND C. STEDMAN, the
    poet-critic, who says: “The devisers of the present translation
    of this charming little romance could hardly have hit upon a
    more tasteful variation from the conventional holiday-book.
    The work itself is instinct with the beauty of nature and the
    spirit of poesy, when skies were fair and poesy was young....
    It is creditable to American bookcraft that this pearl of
    mediæval literature should be so exquisitely reset.”

EDITION. Being over 2,000 selections from more than 500 of the best
poets, English, Scottish, Irish, and American, including translations
from ancient and modern languages. Carefully revised, and handsomely
printed from entirely new plates. With an Introductory Treatise by MR.
BRYANT on the “Poets and Poetry of the English Language.” Including
JAMES GRANT WILSON’S _New Biography of Bryant_. 1,065 pages. 8vo. With
an elaborate index of quotations by which any poetical quotation, of
which the volume contains all that are recognized as famous, can be
readily found. Illustrated with a new steel portrait of Mr. Bryant, many
autographic _fac-similes_ of celebrated poets, and sixteen full-page wood
engravings. Cloth, gilt, $5; library leather, $6; half morocco, gilt,
$7.50; Turkey morocco, $10.

    “We know of no similar collection in the English language
    which, in copiousness and felicity of selection and
    arrangement, can at all compare with it.”—_New York Times._

           ⁂ _Sold at all bookstores, or mailed, post-paid, by_
                  FORDS, HOWARD, & HULBERT, Publishers,
                         27 PARK PLACE, NEW YORK.

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